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The Ubyssey Sep 20, 1977

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Array WHEN THE RAIN COMES down everyone comes inside for exercise. These physical
fitness  buffs stretch  muscles  in SUB  ballroom during the  long winter, waiting for
—doug field photo
another summer of wonderful sunshine. Exercise is good for you, some people say.
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LX, No. 4        VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1977
span's 8
228-2301
Sfudents, faculty attack bill
Student loan
ceiling rises
By MICHAEL MacLEOD
Faculty and students at B.C.
community colleges are up in arms
over the new B.C. Colleges and
Provincial Institutions Act.
TTie legislation, known also as
Bill 82, will take away from
students and faculty at 14 community colleges and the B.C. Institute of Technology the right to
have representatives on the board
of governors.
The new act, given third reading
in the legislature Wednesday
despite vociferous opposition by
representatives of B.C. faculty
associations and organized labor,
effectively removes power from all
community college boards in favor
of three provincal councils to be
appointed by the education
minister Pat McGeer.
TTie new act will kill public input
into leocal colleges and take away
from the idea of colleges designed
for and responding to their communities, said UBC professor and
chairman of education John
Dennison who was asked by the
provincial government to assess
the legislation before it was introduced.
"B.C. colleges were very much
responsive to local needs," Dennison said. "After this Act, they
won't be.
"What I see missing is any sign
of long term goals. Unfortunately,
this act was not accompanied by a
statement of what sort of colleges
they want to see in the future.
"And, its rather significant to
me that in an act dealing with
community colleges the word
"community" does not appear
anywhere. If I were in the community colleges I would be pretty
concerned," Dennison said.
The act, which was introduced in
the legislature six weeks ago, has
provoked unrest in labor and
faculty organizations because of its
requirement that all instructors'
unions apply for re-certification
with the B.C. Labor Relations
Board within sixty days of
proclamation of the new act.
However, in discussion held at
the weekend, McGeer made it
clear that the recertified
organizations will fall under the
jurisdiction of the B.C. Colleges
and Provincial Institutes Act. In
the event of dispute, the act
supercedes the B.C. labor relations
act. McGeer said.
According 'to Dennison, this
raises the possibility of college
faculties, which now have the right
to strike, losing that right. They
would be put in the unusual
position of having a collective
agreement under the B.C. Labor
Relations Act and yet deriving
protection from that act, he explained.
Also, under the provisions of the
act, the decision on who belongs
within a bargaining union and who
belongs outside is left to the
minister of education. This leaves
room for serious interference by
the minister, said Wanda Tilley, a
Capilano College faculty member.
She is spokeswomen for the
colleges and institutes legislation
committee, which was formed last
week jointly by the B.C.
Federation of Labor, • the B.C.
Government Employees Union, the
Association of University and
College Employees, the BCIT Staff
Society and , Vocational Instructors' Association in their fight
against the hew colleges act.
Reaction to the act has been
particularly vocal at BCIT, where
staff see no provision in the
legislation for the sort of
specialized, technological
education BCIT offers. And
Capilano College faculty
association president Gary Kilgore
said, "My faculty thinks it stinks.
The community is taken out of the
college even more than before. Its
a bad act."
TAs complain about
working conditions
UBC teaching assistants who
complain about poor working
conditions and wages are being
harassed by their departments, a
TA spokesman said Monday.
Dave Smith, president of the
Association of Teaching
Assistants, said TAs have put up
with poor working conditions
because they feared reprisals from
their departments if they complained.
"TAs are in constant fear of
reprisals," Smith said. "We are in
a precarious position. TAs have no
voice in how much they get paid."
Smith said TAs in some faculties
are not receiving the seven per
cent across-the-board increase
granted them by the board of
governors last May.
"This (wage problem) is just a
symptom of what's going on,"
Smith said. "Last year some individuals noticed they weren't
getting the eight per cent increase
passed by the BoG in June.
"Some departments gave their
TAs no increases at all. Some
departments straightened out the
raise but there was a lot of intimidation and harassment."
The same harassment is going on
this year, he said. "A lot of innocent people are involved."
Smith said that in at least two
science departments, department
heads have harassed innocent TAs
after fellow graduate students
complained about not receiving the
fuD seven per cent raise. Part of
the problem. he said, is the lack of
a proper contract.
All TAs get an appointment
notice after they are hired. But the
only people who are bound by the
agreement and who can negotiate
the terms are the people whose
signatures appear on the notice.
TAs cannot sign the notice.
At the bottom of the appointment
notice is a note which says, among
other things, "This appointment is
a term appointment and is not
subject to employee benefits of any
kind (except Canada Pension Plan
and Unemployment Insurance on
salary amounts). . ."
ATA communications coordinator Don Meakins said this
stipulation is ridiculous.
'"The wording makes it sound
See page 3: TAS
The provincial government has
raised the student loan ceiling this
year without informing students,
Paul Sandhu, Alma Mater Society
external affairs officer said
Monday.
TTie maximum amount allowable
for a student loan has been raised
unofficially from $3,300 to $3,500 he
said.
"The loan application booklet is
misleading and because of this
students often do not apply for a
sum that reflects their true
financial situation," said Sandhu.
Students ask for the maximum
amount allowable according to the
guidelines in the book even when
the actual costs are higher, he said.
"They're (provincial government) not disclosing all the information. They wouldn't want a
whole bunch of students taking
advantage of that extra $200."
Students have no way of
knowing, he said, that in some
faculties they can apply for more
money. For example education
students can apply for $100 for
their practicum.
Students can also lose money if
they own a car that the ministry
decides is worth more than $2,500.
Every dollar up to $500 over the
$2,500 is deducted from the loan. So
if his car is worth $3,000, the
student loses $500 from his loan.
The ministry can assess a car by
looking up the year and the make
of the automobile in a reference
book but this may not reflect the
true value of the automobile,
Sandhu said.
Students at UBC do not receive
loans and grants that cover their
full 33-week term, he said, because
they can only claim 32 weeks, of
their school term.
Students should always
document anything they are not
sure of, Sandhu said. Students who
applied for jobs but did not obtain
employment should ask all
potential employers to sign a paper
proving that they did apply for
work because the loans office will
ask for this proof.
Not all loan appeals are heard by
the independent appeals committee, he said.
The provincial appeals committee, composed of two financial
aid officers, one student, and two
government representatives,
receives less than 20 appeals a
month. Other appeals are either
granted or refused at the ministry
level.
Students should request on their
appeal forms that their appeal be
reviewed by the independent
provincial appeal committee, and
he said, If their application is
refused again they should ask who
refused it.
'The provincial appeals committee does not have the fina 1 say,"
he said. "They can. only make
recommendations to the B.C.
provincial grant committee.
Sandhu said that he does not like
the criteria used for loan applications.
"The criteria doesn't reflect the
students situation. The parental
contribution table does not reflect
the financial situation of parents in
all regions. The cost of living is
different in different regions."
Criteria covering student employment should be changed every
year because student employment
conditions change, he said.
—matt king photo
IT'S ALWAYS NICE to give friend lift when it rains, but owner of car was probably not impressed by
generosity of towing company. Tow trucks haul away all vehicles without proper parking stickers to UBC
traffic.office and hold for king's ransom. If lucky, missing car will haye only been stolen, not towed away. Page 2
THE       U BYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
Botanical buys
available soon
Does your residence need a few
plants to cheer you up, and feed a
little oxygen into the otherwise
dreary atmosphere?
There will be a sale of plants
for students on Thursday, Friday
and Saturday from 11 a.m. to 4
p.m., in the Botanical Garden
Office - 6501 Northwest Marine
(across from the Nitobe Garden).
Expert advice will be available
on the care and maintenance of all
Hot flashes
plants bought. The event is
sponsored by the Friends of UBC
Botanical Garden.
Tours offered
If finding your way around the
library is like hunting through the
Amazon jungle, then look into
this.
Main and Sedgewick libraries
will be giving guided tours every
day this week at 10:30 a.m. and
12:30 p.m. so you can get some
inside info on how the library
works.
There will also be a six minute
audio-visual show "Welcome to
the Library" shown at 11:20 a.m.
and, 1:20 p.m. in the Sedgewick
orientation room. Come to the
film even if you can't make the
tours.
MP speaks
Len Marchand, federal junior
environment minister, will speak
today in SUB 212, at noon.
Marchand, MP for
Caribou-Kamloops, was minister
of small business until the federal
cabinet shuffle last week.
'tween classes
TODAY
KARATE CLUB
Demonstration,    7:30    p.m.,   winter
sports centre gym E.
CHARISMATIC
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Weekly student fellowship meeting,
noon, SUB 205.
UBC LIBERALS
MP    Len    Marchand    speaks,   noon,
SUB 212.
INTERVARSITY
CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP
Small    group    sign-up,    noon,   SUB
213.
UBC LIBRARY
Audio-visual     library    Introduction,
11:20       a.m.      and       1:20       p.m.,
Sedgewick orientation room.
Tours     of    Sedgewick    and
Main
library,   every    weekday    at   10:30
a.m., and noon, library entrances.
SCIENCE FICTION CLUB
Organization    meeting,   noon,   SUB
216E.
CHINESE STUDENTS'
ASSOCIATION
Choir        practice,        7:15        p.m.,
International House.
WEDNESDAY
SAILING CLUB
General   meeting,   noon,  SUB  party
room.
STUDENTS' INTERNATIONAL
MEDITATION SOCIETY (SIMS)
Introductory lecture on
transcendental meditation, noon Bu.
316.
NEWMAN CLUB
Luncheon meeting, noon, SUB 211.
CCCM
Dinner      discussion,       5:30      p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre.
CPSE
Beer   night   and   social   evening,   8
p.m., graduate student centre garden
- room.
THURSDAY
Square dancing and  round dancing,
7:30 p.m., SUB 207-209.
NDP
Executive election        and
constitutional   changes,   noon,  SUB
215.
GAY PEOPLE
Organizational   meeting,  noon, SUB
211.
HELP YOURSELF
FREE SELF-HELP
WORKSHOPS TO INCREASE YOUR SKILLS
WORKSHOP 1 - Effective Study Habits
Four one hour sessions on developing
more efficient methods of study.
WORKSHOP 2 - Vocational Exploration
Four one hour sessions to aid you in
examining career choices.
WORKSHOP 3 - Personal Growth
A small group workshop to help define personal goals,
set plans to reach them and to practice new behaviours
with the support of other interested persons.
These free programs are designed to help students develop skills. All workshops
commence the week of September 26th. Sign up NOW since enrollment is limited.
THE OFFICE OF STUDENT SERVICES PONDEROSA ANNEX (F)
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA"
1977 FALL LECTURES
BY VISITING PROFESSORS
George Porter
Awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1967, Sir George combines his academic
achievements with an ability to explain science to the layman through his BBC television
and film series. Honored for his work by more than a dozen universities throughout the
world. Sir George is now Director of the Royal Institution of Great Britain.
SCIENCE AND THE HUMAN PURPOSE
Wednesday, September 21—In Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources Centre,
at 12:30 p.m.
John Dunn
A young historian who has already made a significant impact in the area of political
philosophy. Professor Dunn teaches at King's College, Cambridge. He is a noted Locke
scholar and his recent studies on revolution and political change have been internationally
acclaimed. He will give a series of lectures while at UBC on the theme "Western Political
Theory in Face of the Future."
DEMOCRATIC THEORY
Tuesday, September 20
LIBERALISM
Thursday, September 22
1
In Room 106, Buchanan
Building, at 12:30 p.m.
ALL LECTURES ARE FREE
sponsored by
The Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professorship Fund
All Women Welcome
to the first
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
MEETING
Thursday, September 22 5:00 p.m.
Women's Office-Room 130-S.U.B.
ECKANKAR
1. GENERAL MEETING
All new comers welcome
Wednesday, September 21,
S.U.B. 213 12:30
2. INTRODUCTORY LECTURE
Thursday, September 22
S.U.B. 213 12:30
Meet the Charismatic Christian Club
ATA
DESSERT PARTY
THUR., SEPT. 22, 7:30 p.m.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
Speaker: BERNICE GERARD
(Alderman, CJOR Open-Liner)
Information: 437-1834, 266,9275
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 17:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 1W5
5 — Coming Events
GAGE MINIVERSITY EVENING RECREATIONAL COURSES open to Vanier/ Totem and Gage residents.
1. Bridge 2. Karate 3. Backgammon
4. Macrame (Beginners) 5. Photography 7. Taxation 7. Weaving 8. Improvisation Dance 9. Self-Defence for
Women 10. Iyengar Yoga 11. Belly
Dancing 12. Shiatsu Acupressure
(Acupressure Massage). Enroll at
Gage Main Desk (Sept. 19 to Sept.
28). Courses start Oct. 3—$8.00 or less
per course.
FRIDAY HAPPY HOUR, YAC, at Cecil
Green Park, beginning Sept. 23, 4 to
6 p.m.
11 — For Sale — Private
ORGANICALLY GROWN unsprayed
Okanagan fruit in season. .25c per
pound by the case. Free delivery.
738-8828 or 733-1677 eves.
'49 GTO CONVERT. Excellent condition.
P.S., P.D., radials, snows. $2000. Days
687-0555, eves.  922-8148.
'75 SUZUKI GT 750. Excellent cond.
$1400 or best offer. Phone 980-0249.
15^ Found
20 — Housing
FURNISHED SLEEPING ROOM. Non-
smoker male student preferred. Near
all facilities. Telephone 224-9319 after
6:00 p.m.
25 — Instruction
CLASSICAL     GUITAR    INSTRUCTION.
Beginner to advanced level. 733-4634.
PIANO LESSONS by ..experienced
teacher. Graduate of Juilliard School
of Music. Both beginners and advanced   students   welcome.   731-0601.
30-Jobs
30 — Jobs (Continued)
CHOOSE OWN HOURS. Phone sales in
your home for chimney sweep firm.
325-7691, 738-3355.
35 — Lost
65 — Scandals
SUBFILMS   SEARCHINGLY   PRESENTS
"Sherlock Holmes' Smarter Brother."
Find one of the five tickets we've
hidden in S.U.B. and get in free!!
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
EXCELLENT TYPING. Reasonable
rates. Call 731-1807, 12 noon to 9 p.m.
FAST, ACCURATE TYPIST wishes typing to do at home, standard price.
Call after 3:00 p.m. 263-0286.
90 - Wanted
SPEAKEASY, campus crisis and information centre, needs VOLUNTEERS
2-3 hours per week; training Sept.
24-25. Applications, until Sept. 21
SUB   100B. 	
99 — Miscellaneous
STUDENTS:     IF    YOU    NEED    INSIDE
information on the library, take a
guided tour of M'ain and Sedgewick
libraries any day this week at 10:30
a.m. or 12:30 p.m. Meet in the Main
library entrance.
=Jt=lr=if=Jr=Jr=ir=ir=3?
ii
ASSISTANT MANAGER, Young Alumni
Club to work bar/door, Thurs. and
and Friday eves. 228-3313.
USE
UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIED
TO SELL - BUY
INFORM
|r=JP='t='n=ir=ir=i[=J[=ir=in=ir=l Tuesday, September 20, 1977
THE       U BYSSEY
Page 3
Hacks ready cutback battle
By RALPH MAURER
Students got it in the neck this
year. Next year, the arts faculty is
the most likely victim of the Social
Credit government's hostility
toward universities, say four
student leaders who on the
weekend worked out an anti-
cutbacks strategy.
We'll know for sure after this
afternoon's meeting between the
UBC board of governors and the
Universities Council of B.C.
There, the UCBC is expected to
tell the board that the same
combination of increasing
university costs and upwardly-
creeping government allocations
that increased tuition fees 30 per
cent this year, will prevail again
next year.
The four leaders think the
university administration will
resist harder than last year Victoria's reluctance to spend money.
Then the administration was able
to shunt rising costs off onto
students, who the administration
clearly thought were about due for
a fee increase.
The success of the anti-inflation
increase battle depended upon the
support of the administration, says
Arnold Hedstrom, the Alma Mater
Society's secretary treasurer. But
that support never came;
president Doug Kenny and company meekly acquiesced to the
financial beating the Socreds gave
them.
"It seems to me the easy solution
—doug field photo
IS PICTURE UPSIDE-DOWM or merely taken by inverted
photographer? Actually art-nouveau photograph is entitled "Sun on
sewer., and will undoubtedly win many fine awards. Phenomenon
occurs under ramp to stage Old Auditorium on sunny days.
last year was to raise fees,"
Hedstrom said.
It was Hedstrom, AMS president
John DeMarco, Paul Sandhu, AMS
external affairs officer and arts
senator, and board of governors
member Moe Sihota, who sat down
on Sunday to mull over the failures
of last year's unsuccessful battle
against the tuition increases and
plan strategy for fighting cutbacks
this year.
The main aim of the strategy is
to prevent the provincial government from playing off one element
of the university community
against another, a tactic they used
with phenomenal success last
year. So this year, the student
ieaders will try to unite with the
administration and faculty against
Victoria.
"We're not ready to play ourselves off against the faculty,"
Hedstrom says. "They should get
their cost of living increases too.
Bvt the overall budget has been
squeezed enough and it can't take
any more without something
giving.
"We definitely don't want to
create the impression that we're
against the faculty. There's a
much more common enemy, and
that is the UCBC or the government, or whatever you want to call
them.
But Hedstrom and company feel
that the faculty, who received six
and 6.24 per cent salary increases
the last two years, will probably
ask for more during current
negotiations (faculty association
president Dick Roydhouse won't
say what they're seeking) and this
year they can't be denied substantial increases.
Students won't stand for another
tuition increase, leaving only one
sector of the budget that can be
cut: academic spending, he says.
"The minister (McGeer) has
stated that education in this
province will become more
oriented towards skilled jobs, and
at the same time he says that until
B.C.'s economic picture improves,
th'jre won't be any more money —
well, something has to give,"
Hedstrom says.
Now, there's nothing dearer to
Kenny's heart, than the arts
faculty. A former arts dean
himself, it is Kenny's avowed
ambition to put UBC on the map of
universities, not only in
technological fields, where it
already merits a modest dot if not
a star, but also in the field of arts,
where it is in the little leagues.
That's why Hedstrom and company figure the administration will
be an ally this year.
"There should be a good balance
between professional education
TAs want contract, clearer status
From page 1
like they're doing us a favor by not
subjecting    us    to   employees
benefits," he said.
And Meakins and Smith agree
that the lack of contract makes it
easy for a department not to renew
a TAship, adding another area
where an outspoken TA can fear.
Another problem is they don't
outline our duties for us," Smith
said. "You might think you have to
conduct a seminar and mark
papers and then you find out
halfway through the term that you
have to invigilate Christmas
exams."
"Many TAs aren't from Vancouver and often have booked
charter flights to go home for
Christmas. This kind of thing can
really screw things up."
He said there are a few departments, for example mathematics,
that do outline the TAs' duties, but
they are too few. "We're not
really treated as employees of the
university," meakins said. "They
treat us as students when it's to
their advantage and as employees
when it's to their advantage.
"This would never happen in a
unionized situation."
Smith said education cutbacks
have affected TAs working conditions.
"There are 14 departments
where TA allotments have dropped. So the people who are TAs in
the department obviously have to
do extra work."
The faculty of graduate studies
says that if a graduate student
works more than 12 hours a week
at a job he or she loses full-time
graduate status.
"Some people are working 15
hours a week this year so they are
endangering their full-time status.
"And people who have to work
'longer hours as TAs are not going
to give their best efforts."
Graduate student senator John
Russell said he and his fellow TAs
would like to be considered
university employees.
"Foreign grad students are
regarded as employees by Canada
Manpower," Russell said.
"They have to have work visas.
But   whenever  we  ask   the  ad
ministration about our status they
tell us that if we are classified as
employees we will jeopardize
foreign students. It doesn't make
sense."
He said TAs have a dual role of
teaching and research just as
faculty members do.
All TAs want is to know where
they stand, Smith said
They would like contracts and
clearly defined hiring criteria, the
same as any other worker.
But Erich Vogt, vice president on
charge of faculty and student affairs said Monday that he is not
sure a contract between a TA and
the university would solve any
problems.
"It's a term which could have
many advantages and disadvantages," he said. "I'm not sure
what problems it would solve.
"Turning it around, if there was
a contract with professors we
would get far less work out of them
and they would enjoy it less.
"Contracts do tend to induce
uniformity. But that doesn't mean
that a contract isn't a good idea."
and academic education," Hedstrom says.
"Even though somebody won't
be getting a job related to his or her
education in the arts, they are
getting a valuable education as far
as society is concerned. This is a
view the administration agrees
with."
"The underlying reason for
wanting that balance is the idea
that education is good, whether it
be professional or not. The
university is supposed to have
expanding horizons, in terms of
educational opportunities."
The student campaign will also
continue to focus attention to the
fact that higher tuition fees makes
UBC even more an institution for
the well-off than it is now.
"It can't be shown directly that
higher fees have affected accessibility," Hedstrom says.
"Enrolment is about the same as
it was last year. All that shows is
that those who are here have been
able to come back; but the ones
who haven't been able to come out
here are another step bdck. The
higher fees are a disincentive to
coming here."
Finally, the students plan to
attract as much publicity as
possible to the issues raised, and
Hedstrom   says   they   hope   the
administration will be a little more
amenable to publicity than it has
been in recent years.
"The board and the administration should become much
more public, or political, or
whatever you want to call it. They
should use the media to show that
things aren't so good at UBC.
"The reason we think the administration will become much
more public this year is because it
just can't continue to say: 'This
year we raised fees or this year
salary increases will be low.'
We've used up all the options."
Hedstrom admits there isn't
much chance of rolling back tuition
fees.
"The official policy (of higher
fees) is already stated. Until there
is a change in that policy there is
no hope of a rollback. The major
emphasis is on attacking the logic
behind that policy. The argument
we think the public will accept," he
says.
The publicity they have planned
gets under way noon today, with a
forum on the cutbacks issue, in the
SUB conversation pit. Speakers
will include Sihota, who will come
fresh from the meeting at which
the board will discuss what it will
say to the UCBC later in the afternoon.
UBC admission
standards up
By KATHY FORD
Student politicians are satisfied
with UBC's revised admission
requirements but are unhappy that
French II is not compulsory for
admission
Arts senator Paul Sandhu said
Monday that he is "slightly
disappointed" by the defeat of an
amendment to make the course
mandatory because he said
Canada is supposedly a bilingual
country.
But Sandhu hopes the
requirements will enable the
university to cut down on the
number of grade 11 level courses
currently offered.
"It wil] give profs a chance 'to
expand into other areas when they
don't have to teach grade 11 level
courses," Sandhu said. "I think
that's what the university was
hoping for when they changed the
requirements."
UBC's senate voted to accept the
new requirements, outlined in a
proposal from the senate admissions committee, at a meeting
Wednesday.
The plan will be implemented in
stages starting next September
when IT3C applicants' averages
will be calculated using the 10 best
grade 11 and 12 academic subjects.
Until this change was proposed,
averages were calculated using a
minimum of 12 subjects.
UBC registrar Jack Parnall said
the number of courses used for the
calculation was reduced because
high school principals complained
to UBC that students were
discouraged from taking more
challenging courses by the
prospect of getting low grades that
would pull down their averages.
Also included in the first stage is
the requirement that students
entering ITBC for the first time
must have completed English 11
and 12 and social studies 11. These
courses are currently required for
high school graduation in B.C.
The second stage will be implemented by September, 1979, if
all goes according to the schedule.
Students entering UBC for the first
time at this time must also have
passed three academic electives at
the grade 12 level.
Parnall said that until the
requirements were passed
students  could   include   subjects
such as community recreation 12
and power mechanics 12 for their
grade 12 requirements.
"We want to let people know
what the university will expect of
them," he said. "Most of our freshmen come in with a good
background but some come in with
unrealistic courses."
The final stage will be implemented in September, 1981. This
date was chosen so students
currently in grade 9 will have
enough time to prepare for courses
later on in high school, Parnall
said.
Students entering UBC in 1981
must have completed algebra 11,
French, or any other foreign
language, to the grade 11 level and
a grade 11 science.
The proposal also stipulated that
students entering UBC must have a
minimum C-plus average.
Parnall said this is not a new
level but under existing academic
standards some students with
lower averages are let into UBC
because their courses are
academically-oriented. He said
some students with higher
averages were rejected because
their courses were too technically-
oriented.
"These proposals are really a
return to the standards of five or
seven years ago," Parnall said.
"We relaxed our requirements at
that time because we thought
schools were steering students into
the right programs."
He said the proposals are more a
clearing up of loose ends than a
toughening up of admissions
requirements.
"We're just trying to get
students to be aware of what we're
going to demand from them."
Parnall said individual faculties
and schools at UBC have been
asked to look at their requirements
to see if they should be changed.
"Thereis a chance, for example,
that the science faculty might
make it compulsory for students
entering as freshmen to have
taken the new geometry 12 course.
"And home economics might
decide that students might need,
say, more chemistry courses.
"We're asking faculties and
schools to look at the high school
curriculum and see what's appropriate." Page 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
New Colleges Act — eeceh
When education emperor Pat McGeer called the New
Colleges and Provincial Institutes Act the "education bill
of the decade," he wasn't kidding.
Mind you, we wouldn't add all the positive
connotations to that statement McGeer is trying to tack on.
Why?
Bill 82 removes student and faculty representatives
from the boards of B.C.'s community colleges. This means
that McGeer's appointees will call the shots, and under
another provision of the act, McGeer must approve all
college bylaws passed by these puppets.
Sounds like Genghis Khan's definition of democracy,
doesn't it?
And McGeer is setting up three shiny new committees
to allocate money, along with the  Universities Council
of   B.C.       The  council   has  proved  to be an effective
screen for the deflection of cutbacks criticism. McGeer,
you sly old bastard!
So McGeer will have removed faculty and student
voices from the bodies running the colleges. That is very
unfortunate, but even more unfortunate considering the
other provisions of this undemocratic piece of hogwash.
For with these other provisions, student and faculty power
will be needed more than ever. It is disgraceful that
McGeer has pulled out the rug in so many ways.
Under Bill 82, school boards will no longer have to
pay for half the cost of the local college, plus the bother of
filling half of the college's board. Takes a burden off the
taxpayers. Great, huh?
Under the current formula , it was not possible to
raise college students' tuition fees. If you think the
Socreds aren't going to sock part of this extra cost to
students, look at the new UBC tuition bills.
And the bill removes colleges from the jurisdiction of
the B.C. Labor Code. Another union busting bill.
The word that comes to mind when thinking of Bill
82? Errrggggggggh.
Answers, pis
So what does this flap about the $15,000 allocated to
Walter Hardwick, the on-leave UBC prof and deputy
minister of education mean?
It was pretty well established from the start that
Hardwick received not a cent of the money. After our
Thursday story, UBC officials, including administration
president Doug Kenny, said the allocations were part of
the geography department' s budget.
After two tough days of trying to get information
from admin types which would have clarified the question
of the money allocated in the budget beside Hardwick's
name, we finally got a statement from Kenny. To get
further clarification, we had to rouse people at home.
Kenny would only say the allocations "are part of the
geography department's operating funds. The department
and the dean's office determine how the money is used, if
it is used at all."
That is all we know. Was the money used at all, and if
it was, what for?
This was the question asked by our stories. Another
one needs to asked: why was the budget drawn up in such
a loose manner?
r
THE UBYSSEY
SEPTEMBER 20,1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
"The Kremlin's on the line for you, announced Mike Bocking to Ralph
Maurer. "Tell them I'll call back. I'm playing tlddlywlnks," said the
diminutive games fiend. "Why should I waste my time waiting for them?"
"Because they've been getting fucked around," said Kathy Ford. "Watch
your fucking language," snarled Tom Barnes and Bill Tieleman. "You're
lucky to talk to anyone," said Colleen Eros and Vickl Booth. Meanwhile,
Verne McDonald tried to Indoctrinate Innocents Chris Bocking, Heather
Conn and Ken Whiteside Into the art of rope smoking. "That's no rope,
that's Ted Davis' hair," shrieked Lloyanne Hurd, Jan Nicol and Larry HIM as
Chris Gainor Interrupted everyone and tied up the phone again. Steve
Howard sighed wearily as Geof Wheelwright and Matt King wrote sports
stories. Mario Lowther pondered the significance of Mike McLeod, Paul
Wilson and boring mastheads. Mike Jones got on with the job and Gray
Kyles pretended to be a sports writer.
Letters
Satisfied
reader
Thank you for the bountiful
issue of 16th September. For
pedagogical use, I collect bad
writing, especially sentences that
contain major errors in syntax or
structure, and The Ubyssey proves
a fruitful source every year.
Even a hasty reading yields
great riches; for example, the
request for letters produced three
glorious errors in only eight sentences. Every teacher of remedial
writing can be grateful for your
help.
Ruby Nemser
department of English.
PF logo
I am tptally flabbergasted and
disgusted with the new Page
Friday logo. This art nouveau,
avant garde. California-culture
type of crap has got to be nipped in
the bud. I could see it coming last
year when The Ubyssey's logo was
changed to its current state. What
sort of mamby-pamby, puking,
belching, wimpy losers came up
with those two abortions?
I mean let's get serious. This new
Page Friday logo belongs on the
Transylvanian journal with blood
dripping off it across the cover.
The only other time this Gothiclike type has been used is as the
logo" for movies such as The
Exorcist and The Omen, hardly a
good qualification for Page Friday.
Henceforth I will refuse to look at
these classless logos. Thank you.
Spruce Bough
obscurity 4
Tremendous
With the academic year only a
week old, the executive of the
revitalized science undergraduate
society is pleased to see tremendous enthusiasm and support for
its planned activities. Almost a
thousand students have already
been to our office to have their
membership cards validated, and
see what their society is all about.
Quite a few have become ac
tively involved. We look forward to
meeting the rest.
For their able assistance in the
August mail blitz, our thanks go to
the following, as well as to those
who unfortunately got away before
we could get their names.
Gillian and Val Chee
Christine Gardner
Ron Krause
Marcella Lockhart
Ron (Madman) Mundy
Kurt Raynor
Lianne Riskie
Dannette Tidball
Tbanks!
Ernie Kenward
public relations officer,
science undergraduate society
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
typed. Pen names will be used
when the writer's real name is also
included for our information in the
letter and when valid reasons for
anonymity are given.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241K. Tuesday, September 20, 1977
THE       U BYSSEY
Page 5
Chasing the big salaries
By GEORGE HERMANSON
This piece, submitted as a letter to the
staff, raises further questions about salary
increases granted administration president
Doug Kenny and his four vice-presidents.
George Hermanson is a member of the UBC
board of governors and is Anglican chaplain
of UBC.
One hates to dump on The Ubyssey
because it is one of the last voices of the
students that, from time to time depending
on the issue, attempts a radical issue of UBC
administration salaries further and has
made some connections about the values of
society and how these values shape the
attitude of students and the university.
As it it, your editorial (Sept. 15,1977) helps
maintain the fiction that it is only the high
salaries in public institutions (or government agencies) that taxpayers directly
support and thus, cost us money.
Further, it fans the fiction, which unions
have been attacking over the years, that
salaries are the cause of inflation. In other
words, your editorial seems to accept the
value system of capitalism.
As the Ubyssey rightly points out on one
hand, the matter of high salaries raises the
question of equality and the wide gap in our
economic distribution. It is true from one
ethical stance that high salaries can never
be justified.
But, on the other hand, there is the bias of
our society that it is all right to attack public
figures and yet never apply that same
criticism to the high salaries in private
business, law, medicine, and so on.
In fact, society's bias is that the area of
the private sphere is only the concern of the
private sphere. The question is now to
maintain the ethical stance without giving
comfort to present society.
Yes, the question is how do we achieve a
just System of each according to their need
rather than the present system of getting as
much as one can? That is, how do we change
the inequality we now experience?
In my comments to the press I was trying
to analyse only the context of this particular
issue so that these very questions could be
addressed. I was engaged in describing and
preparing a foundation for my argument,
whic h is an old academic tradition. Thinking
that this could be done or heard was a
mistake on my part.
I was just making the point about how all
of us are shaped by the values of our
capitalist system and how it ultimately
misserves and depowers us. From there
people can make an ethical analysis.
Part of this analysis that we do live in a
salaries in the private sector are just as
muchof a question as in the public. In fact, it
is more of an issue.
One way to make this clear is to say that if
society can justify high salaries for the
president of MacMillan Bloedel, then one
must also accept high salaries in public
institutions. Or, to put it the other way, any
attackon salaries in public institutions must
include a rejection of our present system.
One could go further and show the in-
host at UBC a vow of poverty would mean
living on less that $900 a month. Horrifying
in other ways is that it takes that much to
live in our society, and more horrifying still,
is the fact that there are far too many in our
society who make less than that.
So until that radical society comes, or
until we have more saints, it seems we are
stuck with the ambiquity of people getting
high salaries.
What can we do? We can work for that
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society that is moving towards a value
system that says it is all right to get as much
as onecaneconomically. We live in a society
that rejects an interdependent world view
and affirms individualism and hedonism,
or, as Tom Wolfe calls the seventies, the
"me" decade.
Further, it is apparent that more and
more students come to university seeking to
move up into the higher paying jobs. Costs
accounting is applied. The question is asked,
"how do we get more money for less
outlay," on the part of the student. "How do
we cut the cost of education so that society's
needs (business, etc.) are met.'
.prac
tical education for training rather than
education to make us more aware..." These
are society's values that students reflect.
What I am pointing to is that the
university has also bought into and is victimized by the concept that somehow what
we get economically as middle-and upper-
class people is deserved.
Further, we must cut through the fiction
that the private sector does not cost the
taxpayer money or that it is not tax supported. We must begin to see that high
Senators blew it
with French vote
By MIKE BOCKING
The UBC senate narrowly defeated a
motion by education professor John Dennison last Wednesday to require French 11
for all entrants to UBC From B.C. high
schools.
But more incredible than the denial of the
crucial importance of a most rudimentary
knowledge of our other official language,
were the jocular antics and buffoonery of a
few senior senators ridiculing the official
status of French in this country.
(freestyle)
Remember, the UBC senate is supposed to
include theintellectual elite of this province.
There were some legitimate reasons used
by other senators for permitting students to
take a second language other than French.
Fears were expressed that complusory
French would alienate students from
learning the language, or that students
whose main interest was' in other areas,
such as sciences, might be held back if they
couldn't master French.
Others were concerned it would
discourage t'he development of other
language courses in B.C. high schools.
Although honest concerns, these reasons
pale into insignificance when confronted
with the realities of professional and
managerial careers in Canada today.
Children now in the school system will
need a basic knowledge of the other official
language if they are to compete successfully
with children from other anglophone
provinces for positions in the federal civil
service, the larger Canadian companies,
Ubyssey reporter Mike Bocking submits
this Freestyle after emerging last week
from his first senate meeting unimpressed
with UBC's highest academic authority.
terconnection between rising/ tuition fees,
unemployed students, etc. One could be
reminded that for many the desire for low
tuition is to- cut the cost of th'e investment
called education so that the return in
graduation, called a salary, will be even
greater.' It is now quite clear that our
present way of financing the univeristy,
which includes low tuition, has only
benefitted the already privileged. But I
won't.
TheUbyseey is right in its basic emotion.
Ffowever, it would be more educationally
helpful if you had taken serious that there
are few who are willing to take vows of
poverty and even more horrifying is that to
more just society. We can become sharper
in our analysis. We might accept the
suggestion that no one, no one at all, gets
more than twice the lowest paid in society.
And The Ubyssey, its role? Well, don't act
as if the stu dents are exempt from accepting
the values of society. It can become more
critical of the attitude of the student as part
of the upper-class of society as evidenced by
their frequent trips to Eruope and their
taking the summer off. Self criticism is
basic.
Continue your work, but please be more
critical to aB of the university and society,
and please include the student.
and in professions such as journalism and
politics.
If our graduates cannot compete with
provinces with superior French-language
education, such as Ontario, we will be left
without our share of representation in
national decision-making bodies.
The senate's decision goes against the
trend in education today. Parents are
demanding adequate French education,
from kindergarten on up, so their children
will not be handicapped.
Not so the UBC senate. A positive vote by
the senate may have encouraged the trend
and would have lent its prestige to a vitally
important movement.
The senate's attitude is typical of a wider
parochialism in British Columbia. A view
often expressed is the impracticality of
knowing French in this overwhelmingly
English province.
This attitude neglects an extremely important trend, namely the increasing
mobility of people, particularly professional
and managerial types. Few people can
claim to have lived their entire lives in one
province.
But the most disturbing aspect of the
senate's action was its inability to make
such a small "gesture." In view of the fact
that most high school students on the
academic-technical program choose French
rather than a foreign language anyway,
passing the amendment would have been
more of a symbolic act than a substantial
change in high school education.
So the senate's failure to act must be
regarded more as an inability to act
decisively. In view of the high salaries of
faculty and department heads we deserve
some sort of decision-making capacity from
our academic leaders.
Perhaps the inability to make decisions is
a positive function of higher education.
This country is going to be faced with
manyimportant changes.in the next several
years as the fate of this country is decided.
Everyone, including university professors
will have some tough decisions to make.
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THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
Government secrecy in Ca
By TOM RILEY
Canadian University Press
Secrecy. The withholding of
documents.
An iron curtain of secrecy
clamped firmly against the prying
eyes of the public, with no right to
information that is collected and
compiled on behalf of the people.
Obsessiveness with secrecy that
can only lead to distrust on the part
of the people.
And where is this country that
consistently denies its citizens the
fundamental right to know what
information its government is
basing decisions on and why? Well,
right here in Canada, as a matter
of fact.
Exaggerated you say? Not
really, as there are no statutes on
the books that say the government
has to provide information to the
public. It releases only what it
chooses to release. In the house of
commons there are the 1973
guidelines for notice of motion for
theproductionof papers. However,
there are 16 exemptions under
these guidelines (of information
notavailable) and, as many an MP
who has tried to get information
can testify, they are so broad that
requests are turned down daily.
Access to information by members
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theory.
Examples abound showing that
information is being withheld on a
grand scale and that the government only gives up what it decides
is in its best interests.
In this past session of parliament
we have seen the Sky Shops affair,
the judges affair, the secret list of
21. Now there are even more lists
including one on federal NDP
leader Ed Broadbent, who has
wondered aloud what he has done
to get on a list, Polysar, the Atomic
Energy Canada Ltd nuclear
reactor sales kickbacks and the
RCMP's covert operations against
l'Agence Press Libre, which led to
the Liberals naming an RCMP
inquiry after steadfastly saying an
inquiry was unnecessary. The
about-face came after RCMP
Commissioner Maurice Nadon
called   for   an   inquiry   and   ef
fectively defused the controversy
in the House.
Recently, there was Canada's
involvement in the uranium cartel
price-fixing scandal. And, during
that, particular juicy case, the
government in September, 1976
passed an order-in-council which
prohibits any discussion of the
documents involving the cartel and
makes it an offence for any person
with access to the documents to
show them. The documents were
available to only a few members of
the government.
TTie justification? It was done,
said the government, in the name
of the people of Canada, to protect
them and their interests. Yet, the
documents are available to the
U.S. congress the U.S. courts and
the U.S. pa-ess while here in
Canada, MPs cannot see the
documents let alone private
citizens, who might like to see the
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documents to decide for themselves on the actions of the
government in forming the cartel.
TTiese are just a few examples of
the withholding of information in
parliament. In each of these cases
the government can withstand
questions from the opposition
because it forms the majority in
the house and party discipline is
very tight. The average MP votes
according to the dictates of the
party; free votes are very rare.
Yet, the problem of secrecy and
the lack of access to public
documents goes beyond
parliament. It extends to all
government departments and
agencies. What we can see is what
the government decides we should
see or wants to release.
That means the government of
the day can manipulate information as it chooses to its
political advantage. It also means
the bureaucrats can continue to
hoard information and build
power. Civil servants who feel an
issue should be aired often resort to
the inspired press leak, breaking
either their oath of secrecy or, if
the documents have been
classified, the Official Secrets Act.
It has been estimated that 80 per
cent of government documents are
classified as either top secret,
secret, confidential or restricted.
8 In the final analysis, the question
becomes how can people make
rational decisions if all the facts
are not available.
The government has made some
concessions and introduced a
green policy paper titled
legislation on public access to
government documents, which
discusses legislative options. But
the green paper is only a discussion
paper and has no actual legislation
in sight. Some observers predict
none until after the next federal
election, despite enormous public
support for access to information.
It is this attitude of entrenched
secrecy and refusal to open up the
dusty files which led to the call for
a freedom of information act. The
demand is for easy access to all
levels of government, and an in-
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THE       UBYSSEY
Page 7
ida aggravating to public
dependent review mechanism to
the courts when a request for information is denied.
This is not to say that some information should not be exempt.
Advocates of a freedom of information act readily recognize
that government cannot be run in a
goldfish bowl.
However any exemptions such
as national security, international
affairs or investigative files need
to be clearly defined. For example,
in the case of investigative files
there is no intention to stop investigations by the police in
ongoing criminal inquiries but a
request for access by people when
the file becomes inactive or after a
certain time period. The U.S.
Freedom in Information Act allows
for this access; the FBI has
received thousands of requests for
information and has released files.
Conservative MP Gerald
Baldwin (Peace River), long-time
information advocate and
crusader, says the end to secrecy
must come become people are
becoming increasingly
disillusioned with governments
and want something better."
He is not alone. Pressure for a
good information law is increasing.
Groups have sprung up across the
country in the last 18 months
demanding that governments take
action.
Based in Ottawa is Access, a
Canadian committee for the right
to public information which
represents nearly three million
Canadians. Access membership
includes the Canadian Daily
Newspapers Publishers
Association, the Canadian Community Newspapers Association,
The Newspaper Guild (all three of
these groups passed resolutions at
their annual conventions calling
for enactment of information laws
at all levels of government), the
Canadian Labor Congress, the
Public Service Alliance of Canada,
the Canadian Association of
University Teachers, the Canadian
Teachers Federation, the
Canadian Nature Federation and
the Canadian Association of Social
Workers.
In addition to these groups and a
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host of citizens groups which have
emerged to demand an information act, a non-partisan
committee of MPs was formed in
the Commons to push for
legislation. Liberal MP Lloyd
Francis heads the committee,
which includes Gerald Baldwin,
Ray Hnatyshyn and Andrew
Brewin. They hope to build a broad
base of non-partisan support in the
House.
Baldwin heads another group,
the League to Restore
Parliamentary Control, which has
an advertising campaign in daily
and community newspapers across
Canada asking people to sign the
ads, which call for freedom of
information legislation and more
government accountability for the
tax dollar. Baldwin says response
to the cariipaign has been encouraging.
The campaign by the Canadian
Bar Association is perhaps next to
Baldwin's the most widely
publicized of them all. At its annual
convention in August, 1976 the
association devoted an entire day
to freedom of information. One
event was a panel discussion
between former Liberal cabinet
minister John Turner, consumer
advocate Ralph Nader, Baldwin,
former. Privy Council president
Mitchell Sharp and Ontario deputy
attorney-general Roy Callaghan,
which was chaired by Justice
Thomas Berger.
The discussion led to the passing
of a freedom of information
resolution with only one dissenting
vote. The resolution called for the
enactment of information laws at
all levels of government.
And it called for a review
procedure in the courts where the
government /could  show  why  a
document should not be available
for release upon request. This is a
reversal of current practice where
the individual or group has to show
cause why they want a particular
report.
In February, the Canadian Bar
Association held a press conference in Ottawa after presenting
its resolution to both the Justice
Minister and the Prime Minister.
Association president Boyd Ferris
said the government had no intention of introducing information
legislation and it was the
association's plan to actively lobby
for such laws.
In August, Ferris called a press
conference to release a report by
University of Victoria professor
Murray Rankin which heavily
attacked the government green
policy paper. The Rankin report
said "by the paucity of its analysis,
the blurring of its stated opinions
and the misrepresentations of the
goals and practices of freedom of
information legislation, the green
paper leaves little doubt that
legislation will not be forthcoming."
There a re many issues involved
in the freedom of information
debate. These include accountability of governments and
civil servants, what precisely the
exemptions should be, the amount
of time needed between the request
for documents and their actual
production and the cost of
reproducing requested documents.
However, these are all secondary to most observers. For them
the central issue is the type of
review mechanism to be used if a
See page 8: GRITS
PAYMENT OF FEES
THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, GENERAL
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THE       U BYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
Grits stall
on secrecy
legislation
From page 7
request for information is denied.
The question is one of ministerial
responsibility   versus   judicial
review.-
The government's green paper
discusses five options for such a
review: a parliamentary option,
where the denial would be debated
and decided in parliament; an
information auditor who would
report to pa rliament once a year on
requests denied; an information
commissioner with advisory
powers who would hear cases and
then report them publicly, but
would leave final decisions to the
minister; an information commissioner with powers to order
release who would be able to study
a case and order the minister to
release the documents in question
after deciding that a case was
valid; and an appeal in the courts.
The green paper rules out court
appeals and an information
commissioner with power to order
release of documents. The
document says these methods are
inconsistent with the theory of
ministerial responsibility and
anything done to abrogate these
powers would set a dangerous
precedent at odds with Canada's
constitution and traditions.
It is this very thing that information advocates strongly
disagree with. They say any information legislation must contain
a form of review removing it from
the political arena.
But the proponents of ministerial
responsibility say ministers are
responsible only to parliament and
to the people. But this argument
does not stand up because of
cabinet solidarity and majority
rule. And a case could easily be
forgotten at election time.
And so, the debate rages on. But
it is still anyone's guess as to when
legislation micjht be introduced.
Still some observers have said the
mechanism is now in gear for
freedom of information legislation
in Canada. Recent moves by the
federal government show it will be
as slow as possible.
Yet. governments can only
benefit from being open with the
people. Mitchell Sharp has said he
thinks the government should pass
legislation to showpeople how little
information the government really
is withholding. An interesting
viewpoint in the light of recent
events in Canada.
Robin Hood
boycott gains
momentum
MONTREAL (CUP) - The
nation-wide boycott against Robin
Hood multifoods and its subsidiaries is gathering momentum
in Quebec, as two of the province's
major food stores decided to stop
stocking the company's products
until the strike is resolved.
The store chains. Co-op and
Provigo, comprising more than 100
stores across the province, agreed
to participate in the boycott after
"meeting with representatives of
the 175 striking mill workers and
their afilliate, the Confederation
des Syndicats Nationaux.
The bycott was called after
Robin Hood decided to lay off 50
unionized millers only days after
the shooting of eight strikers by
company-hired security guards.
The company, the union charges, is
taking advantage of the Anti-
Inflation Board-inspired strike by
reducing work at the Montreal
plant and transferring it to non-
unionized plants elsewhere.
Meanwhile, l'Association
Nationale des Etudiants du
Quebec, the provincial student
union, has taken a public position
supporting the strikers.
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SEARLE Tuesday, September 20, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page 9
Inadequate planning by government
responsible for high unemployment
By CHRIS JULL
Canadian University Press
Inadequate long-term planning by
governments in Canada is at the root of high
unemployment here. New Democratic
Party leader Ed Broadbent says.
"It is incredible, at this late date after the
Great Depression after the Second World
War' that Canada has not declared full
employment a national objective,..
Broadbent said.
"Most governments in Western society
have learned their lesson, but Canada and
the United States stand out as the exceptions
when most European countries and Japan
treat full employment as a serious national
commitment."
Broadbent said in an interview the current
high student and graduate unemployment
could have been predicted and planned for.
Twenty-year-old demographic statistics
indicate we would be experiencing the'
current bulge in university-age population.
He said young people of all educational
backgrounds are the hardest hit by high
unemployment.
He said with proper planning the government could realize two benefits from student
employment. The government could provide
students income to prevent financial hardship and employment programs to integrate
students into the community at large.
He proposed a system of federal and
provincial subsidies to municipalities,
which would allow them to hire a certain
number of students every year during the
months they are not in school.
Broadbent said this would be of double
value, because it would allow students to do
something useful in their communities. A
similar plan has been accepted as policy by
the National Union of Students.
Thetimeis past, Broadbent said, when the
university graduate can expect to assume
an elite economic position in society.
' 'For the first time, we have working class
kids graduating from universities and they
are going to identify with the poor working
oooWeu., \ F**AL1 WD (T - AHER flX* W5
class  across   Canada,   like   the   woman
packing fish in Newfoundland.
TTiese new graduates may be instrumental in a new, creative politics. They
may force more critical thinking about
economic planning," Broadbent told a
seminar group on unemployment at the
University of Guelph.
The NDP leader said unemployment was
a significant factor in the election last
November of the Parti Quebecois in Quebec.
He said that while it would be wrong to say
unemployment was the only factor involved,
evidence indicated much of the PQ's support
came from those disillusioned with the
federal system's inability to open up more
economic opportunity.
He said 50 per cent of the new unemployment in Canada in the past two years
has been in Quebec, and the province has 25
per cent of the nation's population but a
third of the nation's unemployed.
, Asked if he could foresee a separatist
trend spreading, Broadbent replied that it is
already common among young people —
particularly in regions of concentrated high
unemployment.
He mentioned Cape Breton and
Newfbundland as specfic examples.
When Newfoundland joined confederation
in 1949 the people had been told that it would
mean considerable economic advantage, he
said. So far, he added, this advantage has
only been realized by Newfoundlanders who
have moved to other parts of Canada.
Broadbent also blamed poor planning for
the plight of fishermen who have seen their
traditional livelihood taken over by better
equipped European and Russian fleets.
He said it is not too late for the federal
goverment to assist Newfoundlanders and
provide more jobs by increasing the efficiency of the fleets and developing the onshore processing and packing industries.
Detailing remedies for the Canadian
economy, Broadbent suggested a sector by
sector review of our industrial capabilities.
He pointed to the Japanese, who became
recognized world leaders in the electronics
industry because of their decision to
specialize.
He said that Canadians are not recognized
as world leaders in any field not because we
are  less  intelligent or less  capable,   but
THE NDP HAS ALL
OFTWEANSWRS
EyEN THOUGH WE
HAVE A PROBLEM
KKMU1AT/N&
QUKTIONSf
-flW'ff
a> USUAL
because we have not bothered to take stock
of our strengths and develop them.
The NDP, he said, favors public control in
some instances. He said this approach has
been taken successfully by other countries
with the petroleum industry.
He said public control of natural oil nad
gas and the related chemical industry could
bring pricing policies in line with Canadian
interests.
Broadbent said he does not favor
nationalization in all cases. Speaking of the
Canadian-American automobile agreement,
he said there is evidence Canada is not
getting its share of the growth of the industry.
There could be another 20,000 jobs for
Canadians if growth in the parts sector of
the industry was shared between the two
countries as the agreement stipulates, he
added.
Other broad measures suggested by the
NDP leader included a greater emphasis on
processing of raw materials within Canada,
changes in tax policy, special low interest
rates for small business and increased
activity in the housing industry by
promoting housing as a social right.
The First Canadian Bank
Bank of Montreal
STUDENT UNION BUILDING BRANCH
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We have an entirely separate department with excellent trained personnel
who will be pleased to help you with all your Canada Student Loan needs.
PROMPT SERVICE
EXPERT ADVICE
CONVENIENCE
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To students who already have a Canada Student Loan, and are not
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a Schedule 2 each Term, in order to continue your interest   free
status. Forms are available at the Student Union Building Branch.
STUDENT UNION BUILDING BRANCH — AUDREY HENDERSON
CANADA STUDENT LOANS MANAGER Page  10
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
'Bird record 1-1
after loss to Rich.
The Richmond Laportes soccer
team took advantage of a
disorganized UBC Thunderbirds
squad and scored three goals on
penalty shots to shut out the 'Birds
3-0 Saturday.
Jimmy Buchanan put two shots
past ITBC goaltender Jim Kitsul
and Gary Wilson drove in the third
in the B.C. Senior Soccer League
game at Capilano Stadium.
Richmond played shorthanded
for most of the game because one
of its players drew a misconduct.
But the Palortes dominated the
'Birds, controlling midfield and
breaking up UBC plays.
UBC's forward line was closely
checked throughout the game, and
was seldom able to challenge the
Richmond goalkeeper. The 'Bird's
plays were hampered by poor
passing and ttk players kept the
ball too long.
'Bird goaltender Jim Kitsul was
outstanding, making key saves
especially in the first half, which
kept UBC in the game. Kitsul has
nn erratic style, and often lets the
ball go too early, but he manages to
cover for his mistakes.
The loss evened UBC's league
record at 1-1.
IfBC opened its season with a 2-0
win over Wesburn in Capilano
Stadium Wednesday'. After an even
first half, UBC came alive in the
second, taking control of the field
and allowing Kenny Garrett to
pump in both goals for the 'Birds.
Garrett put the first goal past
Wesburn goalie John Parker after
being set up directly in front of the
Wesburn net. Minutes later, he
went in alone and tucked the ball
past a surprised Parker to complete his pair.
'Bird coach Joe Johnson said he
is satisfied with UBC's play, but
has not made a final team roster.
"There are still some young
players on campus who think they
can make it onto the team and I'll
be looking at them in the next few
days," be said. "But right now I
think the team is quite well
balanced, there was lots of give
and take on the field and no real
weak spots."
Kitsul earned his shut-out with a
save on a direct free kick in the
first half and a lunging save on a
bullet drive by Peter Nolan in the
game's dying moments.
Wesburn relied on its defence,
but allowed UBC's Caludio Morelli
two scoring dances. In the first
half, Parker made sliding save on
Morelli. who had a clear break on
the Wesburn goal.
Parker also saved a second half
shot by Morelli, who had slipped by
Wesburn defender Kelly Allen.
UBC KARATE CLUB
DEMONSTRATION
Tues. Sept. 20, 7:30 p.m. in Gym E
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follows the demonstration, so bring your gym
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STREAKING FOR GOAL, Soccer player sprints around opponent for shot on goal. 'Birds lost 3-0 to
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THE       UBYSSEY
Page 11
U of S beats 'Birds in last minute
By TOM BARNES
With 45 seconds left, the
University of Saskatchewan
Huskies' quarterback Dave
Osiowy hit Bill Bowd for a 51-yard
touchdown pass, handing the UBC
Thunderbirds their second loss in
three games.
Saskatchewan's last minute
scoring drive was almost halted
when tailback Tom Chad fumbled
on first down at the UBC 39-yard
line. But the Huskies recovered
and won the Western Intercollegiate football game 21-15 in
Saskatoon Saturday.
The defending WIFL champion
'Birds have but one point in three
starts this season, from a 29-29 tie
with the tlniversity of Alberta
Golden Bears in Edmonton last
week. UBC must win four of its last
five league games if it hopes to
reach the WIFL playoff game.
In Saskatoon neither of UBC's
two quarterbacks, Dan Smith and
Greg Gardner, were able to
generate a consistent drive as the
'Birds offense totalled a meager
209 yards. Smith and Lardner
combined for only seven completions in 20 attempts for 54 yards,
giving up three interceptions.
"I think that is the lowest offensive total since I've been here,"
said Frank Smith, now in his fourth
year as UBC head coach. "Those
prairie teams are going to have
some pretty big studs on the line
and we have to rely on our skill
people to win for us."
Glen Wallace hit the century
mark in rushing for the second
time this season totalling 100 years
on 22 carries. He ran for 106 yards
against the LTniversity of Manitoba
Bisons in the league opener,
which UBC lost 35-25.
Fullback Gord Penn who was
expected to dominate UBC's
running game as he did last season
when he rushed for 1,050 yards and
was named to the WIFL all-star
team, failed to get untracked
again. Smith has to be Concerned.
"We just cannot count on him to
recover last year's form. We have
to go with the people we have,"
said Smith Monday.
Osiowy was good on 12 of 16
passes for 160 yards as the Huskies
totalled 347 yards net offense.
Saskatchewan took a 4-0 lead in
the first quarter as Osiowy kicked
a 36-yard field goal and a 46-yard
single.
In the second quarter UBC
recovered a fumble on the
Saskatchewan 10-yard line to set
up a Smith touchdown on a one
yard plunge,. Placekicker Gary
Metz hit in field goals of 13 and 20
yards as well 3s a 42-yard single
and a convert for UBC.
GORD PENN
. not fully recovered
The Huskies' only touchdown of
the first half came on linebacker
Darryl Burko's 58 yard return of an
intercepted Smith pass. UBC led
14-n at the half.
Punter Al Chorney increased the
score to 15-11 with a 58 yard single
in the third quarter. Osiowy opened
the scoring in the fourth period
with a 46 yard field goal.
Smith refused to lay any blame
on his defensive secondary for the
last minute bomb that sunk the
'Binds. "We never should have
been in a position where that score
was decisive. We recovered five
fumbles inside the Saskatchewan
30and all our offense could do was
score two field goals and a single.
"Last year we started out slow
but were able to come up with the
big play to win two of our first
three games. I think we are
playing better ball over all this
year, but the other teams are
getting the big play. We'll be
alright if we can get consistent
play out of the people in the skill
positions, and we haven't yet,"
said Smith.
In the other WIFL games
Saturday the LTniversity of Calgary
Dinosaurs surprised the league
leading Manitoba Bisons 20-14 in
Winnipeg. Dino slqtback ran 61
yards for a fourth quarter touchdown t6 narrow the Bisons' lead to
14-13.  Quarterback  Darrel  Moir
GLEN WALLACE
clears century mark for second time
f
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then settled the issue for Calgary
with a scoring pass to flanker
Tracey Hallam.
Hallam also scored a touchdown
in the second quarter, on an 87 yard
. play. Dinosaurs kicker converted
two of the touchdowns.
Bud Harden connected with full
back John Neilson in the second
quarter for the only Manitoba
touchdown of the game. Les Oakes
scored the rest of the Bisons' points
with two field goals, a single and a
convert.
The Calgary victory tightened up
the WIFL standings considerably
as last place LTBC (0-2-1) are just
three points'behind front running
Manitoba (2-1-0). But the 'Birds
will have their work cut out for
them after their bye this Saturday
when they face three opponents in
eight days.
The 'Birds came out of
Saskatoon without any injuries and
will be healthy when they face the
Eastern Oregon State College
Mounties Saturday at Thunderbird
Stadium.
The game will be played using
American rules. Smith is still
computing scouting information on
the Mounties but says the outcome
will be as important as any game
UBC plays this season.
WIFL standings:
Manitoba
Alberta
Saskatchewan
Calgary
UBC
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THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, September 20, 1977
Pipeline decision
Liberal sellout to U.S.
By DOUG SMITH
Canadian University Press
Six months ago most Canadians
thought there was a Mackenzie
Valley pipeline in their future.
Since then, Bob Blair has emerged
as a modern-day David slaying the
big bad multinationals of the
Canadian Arctic Gas Pipeline
consortium with his Foothills
pipeline pebble.
Blair is touted by Maclean's
magazine, and others as the
Canadian who put together the
ingenious alternative route that
will allow Canada to enjoy the
benefits of a northern pipeline
without committing atrocities to
the environment and the native
people of Canada.
The Trudeau government has
reached a typically Liberal
solution to the pipeline dilemma,
because Blair allows them to have
a Mackenzie Valley pipeline if
necessary.
But not necessarily down the
Mackenzie Valley.  The Foothills
Report alarms
pipeline would go through Alaska,
the Yukon, B.C. and Alberta.
While aD this is pleasant to
believe, and will undoubtedly help
the liberals in the next federal
election,' an examination of the
Lysyk and National Energy Board
reports is alarming.
The NEB or Lysyk reports are
results of a hurried series of
hearings. The NEB Started
hearings in April, 1976 and continued them until May 1977. The
boardhadoneand a half months to
prepare its final report, although
there are reports that the board
had prepared its recommendations
before it finished the hearings.
Kenneth Lysyk, UBC's dean of
law, was appointed to head a three-
member commission into the
social and economic effects of a
pipeline in late April of this year.
To make a similar investigation
into the Mackenzie Valley pipeline,
Thomas Berger was given three
years, while Lysyk had three
months.
In its report, the NEB rejected
the Canadian Arctic Gas proposal
of a Mackenzie Valley pipeline as
being environmentally unacceptable and gave conditional
approval to the Foothills proposal.
that would bring gas from Alaska
down a pipeline parallel to the
Alaska Highway.
Despite this approval, the NEB
recognized that on balance,
pipeline projects probably have a
bad social "impact" and admitted
that it "would do little to
ameliorate the endemic social
problems of the north."
The board had little choice but to
dismiss the Mackenzie Valley
proposals after the build-up of
public opinion that followed
publication of the Berger report.
Pofifics rule
But because the Foothills route is
a relatively recent proposal, and
has not been considered as having
much chance of approval, there"
has been'little opposition to the
project and little study into its
environmental implications.
The other major objection to the
Mackenzie Valley route was the
Berger recommendation that no
pipeline be built for 10 years to give
time for a proper settling of native
land claims.
It is argued by those proposing
the Foothill's route that the land
claims in the Yukon are closer to
being settled than the claims in the
Northwest Territories and a
pipeline would be satisfactory to
the Yukon Indians. The Foothill
people also point out that the
Yukon has been the site of southern
settlement since the gold rush at
the turn of the century. Of a
population of 21,000 native people
make up a third, compared to the
native majority in the Northwest
Territories.
TTie Council of Yukon Indians, in
its brief to the Lysyk commission,
called for a pipeline moratorium of
between seven and 10 years. The
Lysyk reports recommends a
delay of onls two years. CYI
Chairperson Daniel Johnson has
said a delay of two years would
pressure his organization into
making hasty decisions.
Johnson said the proposed $200
million heritage fund will not pay
for the suffering of the native
people if pipeline construction goes
ahead in two years. He reiterated
that the land claims of the native
people in northern Canada are not
about money but about control of
the land and services.
It appears there is likely to be as
much opposition by native people
to a Yukon pipeline as there would
have been if it had gone down the
Mackenzie Valley. The only difference is that the native opponents to the pipeline have not
had time to prepare their
argumentsortogain support in the
south of Canada.
Pipeline proponents have long
argued that a nrothern pipeline
will  be  a   godsend  to   Canada's
Want to help organize
and
get involved in a campaign to
ROLL BACK
the FEE HIKES
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EDUCATION
CUTBACKS
Come.to the A.M.S. Cutbacks Committee Meeting
THURSDAY SEPT. 22 12:30 S.R.A
WORKROOM  2nd FLOOR SUB
All persons, suggestions and help welcomed.
This first meeting will discuss
strategy and elect officers
economy. But a pipeline is a
cpaital-intensive project and will
do little to relieve the chronic
unemployment in Canada. In fact,
it could increase unemployment by
draining money away from other
forms of investment that would
provide more employment.
LTBC economics professor John
Helliwell has said that only under
exceptional circumstances would a
northern pipeline contribute to
stable economic growth.
A recent article in the Financial
Post pointed out that the iipeline
would bring benefits to the iron and
steel,. metal fabricating, concrete
and air and water transport industries. The article said these
companies have been enthusiastic
about the pipeline and thave
blurred the difference between
individual and  national   interest.
The Lysyk report recommended
a two-year delay because it
thought a longer delay might kill
the pipeline project.
If the Americans could not get
the gas through an overland
pipeline, it was thought they would
ship it by tanker. But it is
becoming apparent that the
Americans might not need the gas
as quickly as Canadians have been
willing to give it to them.
The working group on supply,
demand and energy policy impacts
on Alaska gas, an American
government task force has issued a
report which says it would not be
catastrophic if the U.S.  were to
Berger ignored
leave much of its Alaska gas in
Alaska for a few years.
The group calcutates that if U.S.
president Jimmy Carter's conservation program is adopted,
natural gas shortages in the U.S.
would disappear by the 1980s. The
report also said increased leasing
off of the coast of Mexico would
likely have an impact comarable to
the delivery of Alaska gas and it
would be at a lower price. In short,
the pipeline could be delayed
without seriously inconveniencing
Americans.
The saddest aspect of the
government decision to okay a
Yukon pipeline is that it ignores the
major thrust of the Berger com
mission. Berger said the government stood at the thresthold as far
as northern development was
concerned.
Southern Canadians could either
continue to threat the north as a
frontier to be brought to heel and
exploited, or they could recognize
and respect the north as the
homeland of the native people of
Canada.
CANADA STUDENT LOANS
AT THE
ROYAL BAN K
the helpful bank
UNIVERSITY AREA BRANCH
Charlie AAayne, manager
10th at Sasa~iat — 228-1141

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