UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 6, 1977

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Array Union negotiates payback
In the wake of a massive
rollback by the Anti-Inflation
Board, negotiators for UBC's 1,300
library and clerical workers met
Wednesday with administration
negotiators in one of a series of
talks to decide how to pay back
In December the AIB ordered
the Association of University and
College Employees, local 1, to pay
back four per cent of the 19 per cent
wage increase the union gained in
last year's contract. The contract
expired Sept. 30.
The rollback will be retroactive
to Jan. 1, local 1 president Ian
Mackenzie said Wednesday. The
AIB gave the administration one
month to decide a formula to pay
back four per cent of the wage
A union newsletter lists possible
plans to repay the money. It says
workers can pay back a lump sum,
or the amount can be deducted
from next year's wages.
If four per cent is deducted from
each worker's wage, those in lower
wage categories will benefit more
than they would if $34 is deducted
from each monthly wage.
Mackenzie said the amount will
almost certainly be paid back out
of salaries. Hesaid the union wants
to take a year to repay the money.
Union negotiator Pat Gibson said
Wednesday he does not know
whether the administration will try
to collect money from AUCE
members who no longer work at
the university.
But Mackenzie said he does not
think the administration will chase
down former employees who owe
money. "It's the responsibility of
the university to collect the
money," Mackenzie said.
"There'll be a certain amount of
money they can't recover.
"Everyone will have a
paycheque   less   $60    or   $70,
Pool funds
still short
despite gift
UBC's covered pool remains $1
million short of completion despite
a $435,000 federal government
grant announced in December.
And a recent lottery, which offered $4,200 in prizes, raised only
$20 toward the $4.7 million project
Doug Aldridge, whose $17,000-a-
year job is devoted to raising
money for the pool, said Wednesday the university hopes to
raise the $1 million from corporations, selected UBC alumni
and the community.
The federal grant to the pool was
announced Dec. 7 by Iona Cam-
pagnolo, minister for fitness and
amateur sport. The money is part
of $500,000 available to B.C. post-
secondary institutions and $1,775
million distributed to Canadian
universities for special projects.
Aldridge said the donation was
less than the $500,000 UBC
requested, "but more than the
$300,000 we expected." He said the
grant climaxed 28 months of
lobbying the federal government.
The pool is being built in two
stages because of the shortage of
money. The first stage, scheduled
to be complete in April, involves
construction of the frame and
foundation of the pool and will cost
$2.8 million.
The second stage, which
Aldridge said will take 10 months
to complete and cost $1.9 million,
consists of completing construction
so the pool will be usable.
The $4.7 million cost estimate
does not include costs of the fitness
and research area and saunas
which are planned for the complex.
When the pool was first proposed
in 1972—during Aldridge's term as
Seepage 2: POOL
assuming our pay back period in
one year," Mackenzie said. "It's
the worst way you can get screwed
by the AIB, especially if you have
dependents, to have your
paycheque dropped 10 per cent in
But student assistants at UBC
libraries will not have to pay back
any money, Mackenzie said. The
student assistants are not part of
the union, and the AIB's ruling only
concerns AUCE members, he said.
The student wage rate is at least
as large as the AUCE base rate
because it is part of the AUCE
contract, Mackenzie said. Student
assistants will be paid at least as
much as the lowest paid AUCE
members during the next contract
year, but this will depend on the
size of deduction accepted by
AUCE members to pay back the
four per cent.
Talks between the union and the
administration are continuing with
provincial mediator Jock
Mackenzie said the union's wage
demand of $191 a month across the
board remains despite the AIB
decision about last year's contract.
He said the wage demand is based
on the principle of equal pay for
work of equal value. AUCE wants
parity with UBC's maintenance
workers and support staff.
In October the administration
offered a six per cent total wage
See page 2: GRIEVANCE
Vol, LIX, No. 32        VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1977
DESPITE $435,000 INFUSION from our friends in Ottawa, pool still needs $1 million before you (or your
children) can swim in it. Now, if only administration had budgeted for like it does for all its other buildings .
Med school expansion hit
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In udder news..
The Ubyssey runs all the moos
that's fit to print.
And we were understandably
proud to learn that the Holstein-
Friesian Association of Canada
has just awarded certificates of
longtime production to Ubyssey
Cavalier Moppet and Ubyssey
Cavalier Mermaid.
Moppet and Mermaid, two
cows in the UBC animal
husbandry herd at Oyster River,
B.C., are now among fewer than
100 cows in B.C. to produce more
than 100,000 pounds of milk — not
all at one sitting, of course.
Mermaid has produced 122,815
pounds of milk so far in her
milking life, while Moppet has
yielded 121,726 pounds. Although
the animals' ages were not
available, a spokesman for the
UBC animal science department
said Wednesday they were both
"well on." He did not say whether
they had been milked for all they
are worth.
Remember, you herd it here
The planned doubling of UBC's
medical school is "wasteful" and
will lead to a surplus of doctors in
B.C., economics professor Peter
Pearse said Wednesday.
Pearse, who spoke against
medical school expansion when it
was approved at last month's
senate meeting, said it was unnecessary to double the number of
medical students because B.C.'s
physician to population ration is
already the highest in Canada.
"B.C. has more doctors per
capita than anywhere else in
Canada, and higher fees than
anywhere else," Pearse said.
And, he said, an increase in the
number of doctors in B.C. would
not lead to an improvement in
health care.
"There is a question of the net
gain (of doubling medical school
enrolment)," Pearse said.
"Studies have shown that medical
care decreases with a surplus of
"They have to all keep busy.
They may perform unnecessary
surgery, keep people in the
hospital longer than they need to
stay, or prescribe more drugs," he
Pearse said the cost of medical
care would not decrease from an
increase in physicians.
"Doctors would raise their fees
to keep their incomes up," he said.
"This is already the case in B.C.
where doctors' fees are higher than
in any other province."
B.C.'s physician-population ratio
was 1:575 in 1973, when the last
study was made. Canada's ratio is
1:618, and the World Health
Organization has recommended a
ratio of 1:600.
Economics professor Bob Evans
said quality of care decreases
when there is a physician surplus
because doctors do not get enough
practice in different surgical
procedures to ensure they can
adequately perform them, and
because they work harder to keep
up their incomes.
Evans and Pearse said increasing the number of doctors in
B.C. would not necessarily lead to
an increase in the number of
doctors in outlying parts of the
They said the E. T. Roos Report
on the Impact of the Physician
Surplus on the Distribution of
Physicians across Canada says
that an increase in doctors will not
change doctor distribution.
The report says: "This paper has
addressed itself to the following
question: does a major increase in
the supply of physicians alleviate
inequalities in the distribution of
physicians across provinces or
between urban and rural communities? The answer is a
qualified no."
"The best information (the Roos
report) shows that new doctors will
go where the old ones are," Evans
Both Evans and Pearse said the
number of physicians in the Interior could best be increased by
"alternate means such as paying
them more." Evans said doctors in
the Interior could be paid more by
changing the rate they receive
from the medical services plan.
Pearse said the situation would
not be improved by increasing the
number of students graduating
from UBC's medical school.
Pearse said the federal government decision to cut off im-
See page 2:  UBC
The Ubyssey needs a copy
Copy runners are very fine
people, undoubtedly the most
important members of The
Ubyssey staff. After all, we pay the
copy runner, which is a good deal
more than we do for anyone else
around here.
And all a copy runner has to do is
come to The Ubyssey office at 4
and 6 p.m. every Monday, Wednesday, and Thursday to drive a
few handfuls of paper containing
wonderful, scintillating news
stories down to College Printers at
12th and Maple. Pay is $18 a week.
Anyone interested should come
to theadoffice upstairs in SUB 241.
And anyone who wants to join the
staff can come to The Ubyssey
office, SUB 241K, at noon on any
Monday, Wednesday, or Thursday. Page 2
Thursday, January 6, 1977
Foreigners dominate
UBC-trained doctors few
From page 1
migration to doctors was the result
of the impending doctor surplus.
During the senate debate on
medical school expansion, dean of
medicine Dr. David Bates said
medical school expansion was
necessary because only 18 per cent
of the doctors registering in B.C. in
1974-75 were trained at UBC,
compared with 19 per cent coming*
from the United Kingdom and 17.4
per cent from other non-Canadian
medical schools.
But Evans said the number of
UBC-trained doctors would increase even without increasing the
enrolment because most B.C.-
trained doctors have not left the
"The first people who graduated
from the medical school are about
half way through their careers
now," Pearse said.
Evans said the present
enrolment in the medical school
would give B.C. a pool of almost
Poof costs skyrocket
3,000 doctors by the time the first
graduates retired.
"Bates' figures were misleading," he said.
During the debate, several
senators supported the medical
school expansion because it
provided increased opportunities
for B.C. students to study
"This is true, but it's not the way
to run a university," Pearse said.
Medicine is not the only field which
students have limited access to in
B.C., Pearse said.
"There is nowhere in the
province where a student can study
marine architecture or veterinary
science, for 3xample," he said.
Following Pearse's senate
presentation, the senate considered tabling discussion until
January's meeting to give senators
more time to study the need for
more doctors in B.C. But senators
later decided to vote on the expansion, which passed easily.
Medical school expansion was
also approved in principle by the
UBC board of governors at a
special meeting late last month.
Professional Hairstyling
Gabriel's Village)
2154 Western Parkway
From page 1
Alma Mater Society president — it
was expected to cost $2.8 million.
The original proposal called for
students to pay $925,000, the UBC
administration to match that
amount, and the rest of the money
to be granted by the federal and
provincial governments.
In 1974, when cost estimates rose
to $4.7 million, students approved a
Grievance deal
major issue
From page 1
The outstanding issues are the
grievance procedure, wages and
sick leave, Mackenzie said.
"The university basically wants
to take away the grievance
procedure and replace it with a
worse one," Mackenzie said.
He claimed administration
negotiator Bob Grant has
threatened not to sign a contract
unless AUCE gives up its
grievance procedure.
"One of the problems is people
known as temporary employees,"
Mackenzie said. "Temporary
employees are supposed to become
permanent after three months.
They've been throwing out people
after years. They're exploiting
people who don't know their rights
under the contract. We want
stringent protection for temporary
second referendum to build the
pool, and construction finally
began in late 1975.
The federal government grant
and $333,333 from the provincial
government provide a total of
$768,333 — considerably less than
the $925,000 pool organizers had
hoped to raise from the two
Since the increased cost
estimate,, the university administration has committed
another $925,000 to the pool and
pool fund raisers have gathered
$131,000 from private sources.
Since 1973, UBC students have
each paid $5 per year to the pool,
and will continue to pay until the
$925,000 is collected.
Despite paying yearly levies to
the pool, students are expected to
have access to the pool only 14 per
cent of the time it is available.
Students will have no control
over pool policies because it, like
the War Memorial Gym and the
Winter Sports Centre, will be
controlled by the administration
even though students contributed a
large portion of the cost.
Surprise, surprise
Increased student alcohol consumption in the U.S. has caused
various alcohol organizations to
turn a more serious eye toward
campus imbibers.
Data collected by the National
Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
Alcoholism indicates most college
and university students use alcohol
and that student drunkenness is a
common problem.
According to an article in
Alcohol World by Dr. David Kraft
of the University of Massachusetts,
"college and university
populations . . . present certain
problems for those seeking to
establish primary prevention of
alcohol abuse. Social norms on
campus seem to equate alcohol use
with achievement of adult status in
our society."
Kraft also noted widespread use
of alcohol by faculty and staff
groups ' 'can reinforce indifference
on many campuses about student
drinking practices."
According to the U.S. Whole
College Catalogue About Drinking,
a publication by the department of
health, education and welfare,
"getting the attention and participation of students will not be
easy. They are not worried about
alcoholism, nor with the long term
effects of heavy drinking."
Compiled after intensive
research across the country the
catalogue presents ideas and
program concepts to deal with
alcohol abuse prevention. It also
noted that several universities
have instituted programs aimed at
educating campus boozers.
George & Berny's
2125 W. 10th at Arbutus
grin bin
Largest Selection
of posters in B.C.
Photo Blow-ups
from negs and prints,
jokes, gifts, etc.
3209 W. Broadway
(opposite Super-Valu)
Come Celebrate
Our 20th
14 Hours of Continuous Celebrations
FlP^ JWS P18L l#D & n. flHHB
Get the feefing.lhe Long Distance Feeling. 0Trans-Canada Telephone System Thursday, January 6, 1977
Page 3
UBC wants 3
acres of UEL
UBC has asked that at least 300
acres of the University Endowment Lands be allocated to the
university for future development,
despite public opinion that UBC
should not be allowed to expand
into the UEL.
In a position paper presented to a
government study team examining
proposals for the future of the
endowment lands, the university
requested at least 300 acres of the
1,700-acre area be given to UBC for
developments such as student
housing, and agriculture and
forestry demonstration areas.
At a public forum about the
futureof the endowment lands held
in October, 500 people unanimously
agreed that UBC should not be
allowed to expand into the UEL
and should instead make more
effective use of existing land
holdings. They agreed the UEL
should be retained as a wilderness
The university's position paper
suggests land be set aside for
forestry and agricultural
demonstration areas but does not
state how much land would be
required. But the paper does note
that the dean of agricultural
sciences has suggested 150 to 250
acres be allocated for the development of a farm for public
The study team has asked the
SAC calls for
investigation of
drunken bash
The student administrative
commission has asked for an investigation into a drunken party in
the Alma Mater Society offices last
month which left at least one office
in shambles.
The SAC voted Dec. 7 to ask the
student representative assembly to
set up a commission to investigate
the Dec. 4 party, which allegedly
ended in an eruption of vandalism.
The main target was the office of
AMS director of services Brent
Tynan, where furniture was overturned and moved to other rooms,
pictures were ripped from the wall
and a shirt soaked in wine was
tacked to the door.
According to a report by the SUB
prector, the office of external
affairs officer Moe Sihota was also
sprayed with wine.
Insulting notes were left in
several offices, some signed by
people calling themselves the
Drunken Giboons.
Both Tynan and Sihota said they
See page 6: REVELERS
university to provide more detailed
information on the user groups
requests for land, team member
Gerry Rolfsen said Wednesday.
Peter Larkin, chairman of the
president's ad hoc committee on
development of the endowment
lands, said Wednesday two com
mittee members had researched
the study team's questions and will
present more information on the
plans this week.
The committee' was the main
source of infprmation for the
university's position paper, Larkin
Larkin said the position paper
was generally very consistent with
the committee's report but did not
parallel it completely.
"The committee in general took
a little stronger line than the
university did," Larkin said.
Committee member Charles
Ungerleider said the committee
will not be disbanded yet.
"We've been asked to kind of
stand by and act as an advisory
board for the president," he said.
Study   team   member   ROifsen
See page 8:  UBC
FINALLY, EAGERLY-AWAITED Inanimate Objects Gallery opens its
show of famous Ubyssey photographers of things that are definitely not
people but still manage to be marginally interesting anyway. Above is
Bare Tree over Math Annex, which Doug Field shot,
Ubyssey co-editor elected CUP VP
Ubyssey co-editor Sue Vohanka
was elected vice-president of
Canadian University Press at the
organization's annual conference,
held over the holidays in Vancouver.
But the representatives of 65
Canadian student newspapers
deadlocked on whether to continue
a three-year expansion program
for CUP's national news network.
The   conference,   held   at   the
Sheraton Plaza 500 hotel at Twelfth
and Cambie, ended with delegates
deciding to call a conference in
March to resolve the problem.
The conference, attended by 200
delegates from student
newspapers across Canada, broke
down after papers voted against
establishing a telex news network,
despite voting earlier overwhelmingly in favor of establishing
five regional bureaus across the
SYNTHETIC UDDER is what Doug Field calls bizarre fire hydrant-cum-garden tap, second in series of
Inanimate Objects Photographed By Ubyssey photographers. Field got this unique shot using 1938 box
camera he picked up in junk shop.
Vohanka joined the Ubyssey as a
reporter in January, 1974. In 1975-
76 she was a city editor, and last
March was elected co-editor for
1976-77. Her term in CUP's national
office in Ottawa begins in September.
In a special plenary session in the
middle of the conference, which
ran from Dec. 26 to Jan. 2, the
longest CUP conference ever,
delegates approved the plan for
establishing five regional bureaus
across the country. But the conference, hosted by The Ubyssey,
was split on what the primary
duties of the bureaus — to be in
B.C., the Prairies, Ontario, Quebec
and the Atlantic provinces —
should be.
About half the delegates said
bureau priorities should be set on a
national basis, and that bureaus
should use a telex network to coordinate news within a region and
But other delegates maintained
that each region should decide the
priorities of its own bureau.
Some Prairie newspapers said
bureaus should primarily be
clearing houses for information
and co-ordinating centres for
fieidworking, and that news
dissemination should be a lower
But newly-elected CUP national
officers pointed out the two types of
bureaus were mutually exclusive,
and said delegates should choose
between one and the other.
When it became clear that a
consensus regarding bureaus could
not be reached at the conference, it
was adjourned until newspaper
representatives meet again March
18 and 19.
If the five bureaus are approved
by the conference, CUP's budget
will be about $192,000 — four times
as much as two years ago.
The first phase of expansion
increased the number of field-
workers to six from four, and
created two new full-time positions
of national affairs reporter and
wire and information editor. The
expansion also established
regional bureaus in Vancouver and
The regional bureaus improved
the quality of news coverage and
communication within regions.
Elected as CUP executive for
1977-78 are: Atlantic region
fieldworker Susan Johnson,
president; Vohanka; Ann
Silversides, news editor of the
See page 8:  NB
Charges laid
against student
after robberies
A UBC student will appear in
provincial court Feb. 16 charged
with stealing $41,000 from six city
Douglas James Bruce King,
science 2, was arrested Nov. 19 and
charged with armed robbery. He
withdrew from the University the
same day. The holdups were
committed by a masked man
between September, 1975 and Nov.
Police arrested King a few hours
after a man armed with a knife
escaped from the Toronto
Dominion Bank at 2105 West Forty-
First with $1,800.
The arrest followed extensive
investigation by the robbery
squad. Page 4
Thursday, January 6, 1977
AIB aids unjust system
Recent events at UBC
have proven once again that
the federal government's
anti-inflation program acts to
perpetuate inequalities in
Canada's   economic   system.
The Anti-Inflation Board,
with its bureaucratic tunnel
vision, has ordered 1,300
library and clerical workers
at the university to pay back
about $500 each to the UBC
The rollback is the
equivalent of four per cent of
a 19 per cent wage increase
won by the Association of
University and College
Employees, local 1, last
January after a prolonged
battle with the administration and a one-week strike.
"Gasp. Nineteen per cent
is a big increase," you say.
Yes, but the increase was
sought and won as the first
step toward eliminating
traditional wage
discrimination against library
and clerical workers.
For years clerical workers,
who coincidentally are
usually women, have been
treated like dirt by their
Although employers have
begun demanding higher
qualifications when they hire
clerical workers they
continue to pay starvation
wages. It is the clerical
workers who keep many
organizations, including
UBC, afloat and yet their
jobs have always been
considered shitwork.
Because of these
traditional inequalities,
AUCE was set up two years
ago to battle for equality
with male workers at the
university who receive higher
pay for work requiring fewer
After a bitter battle and a
futile strike, AUCE finally
took a big step forward
toward having a new value
placed on the work done by
its members and signed for
19 per cent.
Then, a year later, after
the money has been earned
and spent, in steps Ace
O'Hara of the AIB and ZAP
— you're rolled back.
By adhering blindly to the
unfair regulations of the
Anti-Inflation Act, the AIB
bureaucrats have ignored the
fact   that   AUCE   is   not   a
bunch of greedy unionists
trying to bully other
Canadians and increase
inflation (for that is the
image of unions the
government and the
commercial press try to
Instead it is a
organization dedicated to
getting a fair deal for its
members and trying to repair
a long enduring social
So is it not obvious that
the wage and price control
program has put a freeze on
social progress? And the
people hurt most by this
freeze are those at the
bottom of the pile when the
program came in —women
and underpaid workers.
Not only is the AIB
rollback immoral, it is
What arrogance to take a
year to process the contract
and then ask workers to
return money they have
already earned. And in the
process the AIB has thrown a
wrench into current contract
negotiations between the
administration and the union
on a new contract.
Along with negotiating
about what AUCE workers
should receive this year, the
negotiators will have to
worry about a scheme for
paying back some of last
year's increase.
So when the almost
inevitable rumbling of a
strike comes to the surface,
remember AUCE is fighting
the administration, the
provincial government and
the AIB.
Students may be their
only allies.
Bottle drives, bake sales
We hereby offer a humble
suggestion to chief covered
pool fund raiser Doug
Forget about the slick
advertising campaigns like
the recent one used to try
and sell the pool lottery.
After all, after all that time
JANUARY 6, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
Toothpicks holding open her eyelids, Sue Vohanka chased her liver
down Cambie while Ralph Maurer followed on a snowy cloud called the
Nosebleed Express. It was Day Seven of the 39th anal Krupp conference
and Heather Walker wished those guys would stop dancing on her bed and
singing "lona, lona Campagnola but I like it." Chris Gainor collapsed in the
corner and the bottom floor of the hotel sank below street level, meaning
absolutely nothing to Kathy Ford, Paul Wilson, Paul Vanderham and Bill
Tieleman, who weren't there. Matt King was dozing in the hospitality suite
when Shane McCune rowed into the room on a river of Scotch, doing his
imitation of Puff the Magic Dragon on speed. Steve Howard turned green
watching the Orange Bowl and Verne McDonald dived off the 17th floor,
only to be caught on the 15th by Doug Rushton and Scoop the Fearless
and effort and thought, the
net profit was $20.
I nstead, stick to
door-to-door drives collecting
empty soda pop bottles, old
newspapers and spare nickels.
And you might consider bake
sales and car washes, too.
Remember, the worst is
over, and all that's left to
raise is a measly $1  million.
Our bitterness (what
bitterness?) is not solely
directed at the poor saps left
with the overwhelming task
of raising huge amounts of
After all, we have to give
credit where it's due. And
someone like Doug Aldridge,
who dreamed up the silly
idea in the first place, and in
the process created a job for
himself raising money to pay
for it, deserves some sort of
Our bitterness is directed
at students who were sucked
in to paying $5 every year
for a pool many of them will
never use — a pool that
should be paid for by UBC's
administration if it's going to
be such an asset to the
university, let alone
controlled by the
And it's also directed at
empire builders. Not just the
empire builders who shoved
the pool plan "through Alma
Mater Society council several
years back.
In fact, we reserve a major
share of bitterness for the
empire builders in the
university administration
who have become very adept
over the years at having big,
beautiful buildings added to
the campus at other people's
expense. Particularly at the
expense of students. Just
think of the War Memorial
Gym and the Winter Sports
But another example of
this is the Asian Centre,
which one day, if it is ever
finished, will be located
adjacent to the Nitobe
Several years ago, one of
Japan's   major   corporations
donated the frame of what
used to be a pavilion at Expo
70 to UBC so it could be the
frame of a new Asian centre
UBC gratefully accepted
the frame, magnanimously
provided some of its vast
quantities of land for the
building to be built on, and
since then has ignored the
UBC doesn't even pay a
fund raiser $17,000 a year to
raise money for that
particular venture.
We wouldn't want to say
anything about priorities.
But what we will say is that
the attitude of our
administration stinks.
It's all very nice to snaffle
up all kinds of neat,
interesting buildings so
people can ooh and aah when
they visit this large,
impressive university. But it
must be kind of embarrassing
to have to shirk the
responsibility of making sure
they get funded and turned
into useful places rather than
left as white elephants. Thursday, January 6, 1977
Page 5
Racial tensions in Southern Africa have
reached the breaking point. In attempts to
bolster their regimes and the economic
interests they represent, the white minority
governments of Rhodesia and the Republic
of South Africa a re adopting solutions. In the
news are the Geneva talks about the
proposed two-year transfer of power to
Rhodesia's black majority.
Yet little attention has been paid to South
Africa's latest move — the seemingly
altruistic granting of independence to a
portion of its territory, Transkei, Oct. 26.
Brief articles in the press that day noted
that the United Nations has placed a ban on
recognizing Transkei, one of nine tribal
homelands set up by the Pretoria government with the aim of eventual independence.
Why is there such mass opposition to an
apparently generous move, both within and
without South Africa?
The following article, by the Southern
African Information Group, is reprinted
from the Dalhousie Gazette International
for Canadian University Press, and
provides an explanation not found in the
daily press.
As the era of white racist control of
Southern Africa draws to a rapid close,
South Africa has pulled a rabbit out of the
hat that it hopes will reverse the trend.
It's called the Republic of Transkei.
The Transkei, largest and most important
of South Africa's bantustans or African
homelands, became an "independent" state
Oct. 26.
The purpose behind the Transkei scheme
is to give apartheid South Africa a new lease
on life in the face of mounting black
rebellion at home and international
pressure abroad.
Formerly scheduled for "independence"
in the late 1970s or early 1980s, South Africa
last year moved the date to 1976. This action
followed the defeat of Portuguese colonialism in Mozambique and Angola when the
Pretoria government realized that white
racist control of South Africa itself was
The advancement of the date for Transkei's political separation from South Africa
also came as international pressure against
the South African occupation of Namibia
(South-West Africa) was mounting
drastically. Transkei was to be a kind of
model government, designed to defuse such
pressure and put an acceptable face on
But, as never before, apartheid and the
place of South Africa itself in Southern
Africa are under intense scrutiny as the
Republic of Transkei is launched.
Rural slum
In effect, the new "republic" will remain
an almost wholly dependent rural slum — as
it has been since the territory's borders
were legally outlined in the 1930s. Few
countries are expected to recognize it as an
autonomous nation — and those that may do
so have thus far avoided admitting their
Its government has also been rejected by
the Organization of African Unity, the key
continental body which could have lent the
republic legitimacy. It is thus likely that
Transkei will remain South Africa's
political pariah, since any recognition of it
constitutes approval of the apartheid
Nevertheless, it is of strategic importance
in Pretoria's view, to forge ahead with
"independence" despite almost universal
criticism of the plan.
Construction workers have been laboring
for months on 24-hour schedules to complete
the high-rise buildings in Umtata, Transkei ?s inland capital, that will house the
executive and legislative branches of the
new government. But preformed concrete
shells rising above Umtata slums are no
substitute for both the popular support and
the independent economic and political
infrastructure that are so conspicuously
absent in Transkei.
Transkei scheme lends
apartheid a new face
ind for once it's not a charity. But a celebration.
October 26 sees the birth of the Republic of Transkei - peaceful, progressive and fully democratic. That's because we preferred to work alongside
South Africa in peaceful evolution to independence. Rather than unpack the rifles.
So we spent the last 25 years developing our judiciary system, our civil
service, our army and police force, and our country (which is'about the size of
Switzerland) where we have lived and prospered for over 300 years.
We are not asking for aid - instead we are offering some unusually
attractive incentives in one of the countries with the brightest economic prospects
of any independent sta te in Africa.
For further information on Transkei and
its attractive investment incentives, write
Transkei Development Corporation,
P.O. Box 103, Umtata, Republic of Transkei.
RECENT AD . . . attempts to legitimize Transkei
Launched in 1936 as one of Pretoria's
"native reserves," the Transkei is the
largest such area to be given to black
Africans in South Africa. Located in the
eastern Cape Province along the Indian
Ocean, it is also the only bantustan to be
allotted a coastline, although its only deep-
water port, Port St. Johns, is to remain
under South African control even after the
territory's Oct. 26 "independence."
The government rationale for the original
bantustan legislation in 1936 was that the
tribal trust lands designated were the
traditional homelands of Africans. But even
at that time, significant numbers of the
tribal groups that were assigned to one or
another of the reserves had been living in
"white areas" as "temporary sojourners"
— as either recruited or independent
migrant workers — for generations.
Thousands of those workers had long since
abandoned the tribal designations the new
"native reserve" system sought to revive
and prolong. And in many instances they
had never even visited their homeland,
having only a vague notion of its geographic
A similar situation prevails today, when
some 1.35 million Xhosa, officially part of
Transkei's three million population, live in
"white areas," in townships such as Soweto
and Alexandria.
Under recent South African legislation,
acceded to by the Transkeian parliament
and its head of state, Chief Kaiser Matan-
zima, these workers are being denied South
African citizenship and are being told that
they are henceforth citizens of the new
Under terms of the 1936 legislation, the
areas set aside for bantustan settlement
were never meant to be the outline of future
"independent" states. They were intended,
rather, as the small areas — 13 per cent of
the country's available land for almost 90
per cent of its population — where black
South Africans would be herded for permanent settlement under the direct rule of
the various commissions, authorities and
state-owned corporations set up by Pretoria
to rule them.
During the period following this
legislation, bantustan borders changed
often. At times this was due to a demand by
white farmers in the area of a bantustan for
a part of the land designated as "native
reserve." This is one cause of the
fragmentation of most bantustan areas
At other times, land from one bantustan
would be taken and given to another, with
the attendant population removals
This practice served to create and
exaggerate the tribal antagonisms and
ethnic enmity on which Pretoria's divide-
and-rule strategy toward Africans is built.
However, two significant developments in
succeeding decades forced Pretoria
eventually to redesign its original "native
areas" policy.
Hapicf growth
One was the rapid growth of South African
industry, a growth that was accompanied by
a government-sponsored decentralization
policy that encouraged industrial investment on the rims of bantustan settlements. With the development of these
border industries, South African whites
began to recognize that continuing rates of
growth and profit were predicated on the
permanent availability of cheap African
Afrikaaner Nationalists, however, were
ideologically opposed to any permanent
black presence in "white areas." Their
world view is dominated by their belief in
the total separation of races and the
preservation of white supremacy.
They believe, as one Afrikaaner churchman argued in 1944, "that it is the
Christian duty of the whites to act as
guardians of the nonwhite races until such
time as they reach the stage of being able to
manage their own affairs." This meant
"racial separation and the guardianship of
whites over the natives."
The second development that led to an
eventual change in bantustan policy occurred in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
During that period, South Africa was faced
with an unprecedented level of international
and domestic opposition to apartheid.
Internationally, Liberia and Ethiopia had
mounted a case at the International Court of
Justice against South Africa's continuing
presence in Namibia. This pressure
culminated in the 1966 United Nations
resolution that declared that occupation
illegal, and in the 1971 International Court of
Justice decision against South Africa. The
case brought in 1960 by the two African
countries was a milestone on the political
and diplomatic front.
There was also growing domestic opposition against apartheid by the black
victims of that system inside South Africa
itself. Since the late 1950s, there had been
sporadic demonstrations, stoning of whites
and the symbols of white administration
inside the bantustans, particularly in Transkei. In eastern Pondoland, a section of
Transkeian territory, there was significant
opposition to increased taxation, government-sponsored soil-conservation programs
and unpopular tribal chiefs. Earlier, there
had been opposition to the principal
collaborator among the chiefs appointed
within the Transkei, Chief Matanzima. And
in the white areas, the Sharpeville massacre
of 1960 was the most important
manifestation of this wave of resistance.
Accordingly, the apartheid policy
elaborated under prime minister Hendrik
Verwoerd in the 1950s underwent significant
change in the early 1960s. In April 1961,
Verwoerd announced that "in light of the
pressure being exerted on South Africa,"
bantustans would be developed into
separate states, even to the point of independence. The Transkei Territorial
Authority immediately responded with a
request to be made a "whole self-governing
Perfect model
In Transkei, Verwoerd and the Nationalist
government found a perfect model for the
new policy. Its claimed population could be
said to reside on a continuous piece of land
— while the largest population group, the
Zulus, had been given some 144 fragments of
unconnected land, precisely because they
were the largest group.
With a sizable population, Transkei's
limited independence and projected
sovereignty would calm the Afrikaaner
attacks against the economic patterns then
in full bloom in South Africa. The government could claim to be taking steps toward
the fulfillment of the goals of Afrikaaner
Granting semi-independence to Transkei
was also designed to stop the growing
resistance movement among bantustan-
residing blacks — which was strongest, at
that point, in Transkei.
Another reason for Pretoria's choice lay
in Chief Matanzima himself. Matanzima
had collaborated with the white government
since the 1950s — in the face of violent opposition to his power from 1957 on.
Matanzima was ready and willing to
accept the handouts of semiautonomy from
Pretoria, while, to this date, only one other
bantustan, Boputhatswana, has accepted,
even in principle, the concept of independent
bantustan states.
Most other bantustan leaders, even
though they were installed by Pretoria, have
rejected bantustanization in favor of a
unified South Africa.
Matanzima was elected as chief of the
Transkei in 1963, in an election run by the
Bantu authorities. Pretoria backed his
campaign heavily and openly, while
harassing the few opposition candidates that
ran against him.
In the years since Pretoria's policy shift
toward "independent" black bantustan
states was set in motion, Matanzima has
proven a willing servant to the white
government. Repression, petty apartheid,
arrests and all the other commonplaces of
South African life continue in Transkei
today as they do in South Africa proper.
But  Matanzima's  chief  attraction   for
Pretoria has likely resided in his willingness
to accept political "independence" for a
See page 8: TRANSKEI Page 6
Thursday, January 6, 1977
Hot flashes
Almost everyone agrees that
Granville and Georgia is one of
the ugliest corners in town.
Other corners, which haven't
been changed by wrecker's ball
wielding by scheming developers,
are much prettier.
If you're too lazy to visit the
corners in question, the SUB art
gallery will present an aesthetic
study of old buildings around
town, entitled Old Vancouver. It
runs Jan. 17 to 28.
Got a spare ear? Speakeasy
might the thing for you. If you're
interested in working as a
volunteer at Speakeasy, UBC's
crisis and information centre, why
not    come    to    an    introductory     tenant legislation, and Trident and
training session?
The session will take place Jan.
14 in the evening, and all day Jan.
15 and 16. Location of the session
is to be announc«d.
The Vancouver People's law
school is presenting a series of 10
seminars this spring, in addition to
its regular spring courses.
All seminars start at 1:30 p.m.
Sundays at the Vancouver Public
Library, 750 Burrard.
The first seminar Jan. 30 deals
with mental patients and the law.
Other topics include impaired
driving and the law, building
by-laws, half-way houses, the
Canada Pension Plan, immigration
law,    changes    in    landlord    and
international law. And it's all free.
What is Anamurium? You can
find out Wednesday when the
Archeological Society of B.C.
holds its January get-together.
Classics prof James Russell will
speak at 8 p.m. in the auditorium
of the Centennial Museum on
Anamurium, a Byzantine City
If you'd like some answers
about why the hell you didn't get
the student loan you applied for,
or if you desperately need money
and don't know where to find any
(that is, you are an average UBC
student), Pam Sherwood might be
able to help.
Thursdays until the end of this
'Tween classes
Testimony meeting, noon, SUB224.
Practice,  new  members welcome, 5
p.m., SUB party room.
Les   diapositives   des   pistes,
International House.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
Dance    practice,    7:30   p.m.,   SUB
Provincial     leader     Scott     Wallace
speaks, noon, SUB 212.
Music by Chilean singers, discussion
on  Chile and film, noon, SUB 207.
Revelers pick on Tynan
From page 3
are fairly sure who is responsible,
but   refused   to   identify   anyone
pending investigation results.
Tynan said Wednesday he thinks
he was singled out in the incident
because, "I tend to take a hard
line. Some people don't see eye to
eye with me on my methods." One
of the notes left for him said, "Quit
going by the fucking book."
He also said he has changed the
lock on his office
The individuals gained access to
the office using a key lent to one of
them by Sihota. Sihota said
Wednesday he lent a person his car
keys and the key to the executive
suite was on the same ring.
"I think the whole thing has
blown over," said Sihota. "When
you've worked real hard, you've
got to let it out."
He said an investigation is unnecessary.  "To say it was van-
1110 Seymour St.
SUB FILMS presents
dalism, or to compare it with the
problems that closed the Pit, is
stretching the point — it's sensationalism."
Tynan didn't agree. "There's a
definite irony that the SRA dumped
on the students for their drinking
habits, then this happens, involving members of the SRA."
Big or Small Jobs
Second Instalment Is Due On Or Before
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14,   1977
Jack Nicholson
Maria Schneider
This Thurs., Sun. - 7:00
Fri., Sat. - 7:00,9:30
Foam Chair
Open Six Days a Week
9 a.m. -5:30 P.M.
United Foam 1976 Ltd.
3696 W. 4th
Apple bee
Big Blue
Place for Pants
4861 Kingsway, Burnaby
term, Pam will be at Speakeasy
Crisis and Information Centre,
located' across from the candy
counter in SUB. She'll be there
from noon to 2:30 p.m.
|g g E]G]E]G]G]G]G]G]E]G]G]G]G]E]G]G] rgggggggggggEJEjEjEjEJEjEiBiEj^
1       CANDIA TAVERNA        1
IS 13
S Call 228-9512/9513 13
13 [§
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13 [sBSBIaBIalsSIalalalaBIaBBBIalalalatata IsGaEEEIaElalsElaSE |G|
Intensive 20 hr.seminar classes
call 669-6323
I Classes Now Forming
Our Annual
Winter Dance
Saturday, January 8, 1977
at the Graduate Centre
COST-$2.00 TIME-9:00-1:00
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50a Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
10 — For Sale — Commercial
Very low rates. Excellent workmanship. 24-hour service, plus exceptional prices for racquets. Call 733-
1612. 3616 West 4th Ave. Open 10
70 — Services
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
Selectric   typewriter.   685-6976.
SUPER SALE!!! Blaupunkt and Pioneer
car stereos, memorex tapes, student
prices 294-3513. Student reps wanted.
11— For Sale — Private
15 — Found
20 — Housing
35 — Lost
AMETHYST RING vicinity Angus Bldg.
Before Xmas. Reward. Sharon, 228-
3124 day.
40 — Messages '
50 — Rentals
TYPING — fast and accurate. Live
close to campus. Please call Susan,
738-0498   or   734-1463.
home. Essays, thesis, etc. Neat accurate work. Reasonable rates. 263-5317.
FAST    ACCURATE    TYPING.    Reasonable rates.   Call 584-7330.
90 - Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
Jr="="="=IT= Thursday, January 6, 1977
Page 7
Basketball 'Birds third in Calgary
The UBC Thunderbirds
basketball team grabbed third
place in the University of Calgary
Basketball Classic Tuesday when
they defeated the Lakehead
University Nor'westers 70-68.
UBC seemed to have the game
wrapped up when they drove ahead
of the Nor'westers to take a 14-
point lead midway through the
second half. But Lakehead suddenly got hot and connected for 12
quick points to come to within two
of the  Birds.
But with one second left in the
game 'Birds' guard David Craig
was fouled, and he sank both free
throws to guarantee the 'Birds the
The Calgary Dinosaurs won the
tournament with an 85-81 win over
Laurentian University in the final.
The Laurentian team defeated
Lakehead in the semi-final.
The Dinosaurs advanced to the
final by defeating UBC 88-72
Monday. At half time the 'Birds led
45-34 but the Dinos exploded for 54
points in the second half to take the
Leading scorers for the 'Birds in
that game were Bill Berzins with 23
points and Mike McKay with 16.
High point men for the Dinos were
Lyle Leslie with 18 points and Matt
Friesen added 10.
In their first game of the tournament the 'Birds played the
Waterloo Warriors who are ranked
fifth nationally. Waterloo led 32-31
at half time but UBC came back to
open up a 64-56 lead.
In the last two and-one-half
minutes of the game the 'Birds
wereoutscored 10-2 and committed
six turnovers but still managed to
hang on to win the game 66-65.
Rules beat undefeated team
The commerce women's hockey team, drawing
from a faculty comprised of somewhere in the neighborhood of 12 per cent females, managed to put
together an excellent team this year despite understandably limited participation.
Having completed the season undefeated with just
one line of players, they expected to enter the
championship next term in first place.
However, at this late stage in the season, women's
intramurals staged a meeting to determine the point
system to be applied — arbitrarily assigning five
points to a win, with one additional point for each
player participating. Consequently, an undefeated
season leaves the commerce team in 5th place out of
six teams.
It is conceivable that a team losing every game it
plays could win the championship if participation
were sufficient to attain the greatest number of
points. Women's hockey is virtually relegated to a
measurement of <he number of females in participating faculties, and all sense of competition in
the sport is eliminated.
Female sports participants have traditionally
criticized the university for failure to supply women's
intramurals with adequate funds. Perhaps they
should look to women's intramurals and their
inadequate management of women's sports for the
reason for lack of support from female sports participants as well as from the student body at large.
Both teams shot very poorly
during the game. The Warriors
connected on only 26 per cent of
their shots while the 'Birds
managed a lowly 32 per cent. Chris
Trumpy led UBC scorers connecting for 17 points while McKay
added 12.
Dec. 29 and 30 the 'Birds played
host to the Pacific University
Boxers from Forest Grove, Ore.
The 'Birds appeared to be slowed
down by their long layoff and
dropped both games, 73-57 and 76-
65. The Boxers are the only
American team the 'Birds face all
Midway through the Canada
West schedule UBC's Jan Bonn is
third in the scoring race with 101
points. Bohn averages 16.8 points
per game and hauls down an
average of 9.5 rebounds. Leading
scorer is Roger Ganes of Saskatchewan with 147 points, more than
a third of his team's total.
League play resumes Friday
when the 'Birds meet the Alberta
Golden Bears in Edmonton. Both
teams have 4-2 records and are tied
for second place.
Hie 'Birds will have to control
Alberta's Doug Baker, who
averages 24 points a game, if they
hope to come away with a win.
Another highflying Albertan is Pat
Rooney, who averages 16 points a
game and is 35 for 46 for the season
from the foul line.
In other league action Lethbridge goes to Saskatoon to meet
the Huskies. Both teams are
battling for the cellar in the league.
The University of Victoria hosts
the first place Calgary Dinosaurs.
Canada West basketball league
F   A     Pts.
5    1
467 432   10
4   2
517 403     8
4   2
518 492     8
3   3
424 431     6
2   4
406 478     4
0   6
419 515     0
Hockey Birds win two
in interior exhibition tour
The UBC Thunderbirds hockey
team completed an exhibition tour
against teams from the Western
International Hockey League with
a record of two wins and one loss.
In their first game, on Dec. 28,
after a three-week layoff, the
'Birds were dumped by the Trail
Smoke Eaters 6-3. The Smoke
Eaters are in last place in their
The next night, the 'Birds beat
the Cranbrook Royals 8-4, snapping Cranbrook's 12-game winning
streak. On Dec. 30, UBC defeated
the league-leading Kimberley
Dynamiters 9-6.
Scoring for the 'Birds against
Trail were Peter Moyls, Derek
Williams and Rob Hesketh. One of
the Trail goals was scored by a
former UBC captain Brian
DeBiasio, who currently leads the
WIHL scoring race.
The Cranbrook game was a wide-
open affair as the 'Birds peppered
the Royals' net with 48 shots while
UBC goaltender Ron Lefebvre
turned away 34 of 38 Cranbrook
Hesketh and Moyls each scored
twice for the 'Birds while teammates Rob Jones, Ross Cory,
Wayne Gilbert and Williams each
added singles.
Dan Lucas led the 'Birds with
three goals against Kimberley.
Williams and Gilbert, both from
Kimberley, potted a single apiece
for UBC. Bill Ennos, Jim Stuart,
Jones and Peter Moyls accounted
for the others. For Moyls it was his
fourth goal in the three-game
series. Lefebvre and Dave Fischer
split the time in the net turning
back 36 Dynamiter shots.
Canada West league play
resumes Friday and Saturday
when the 'Birds play the University of Saskatchewan Huskies in
the Winter Sports Centre at 8 p.m.
both nights. The second-place
Thunderbirds lead the Huskies in
league play by four points. If the
'Birds win both their games they
could move into first place
providing the Alberta Golden
Bears lose one of their two games
against the last-place Calgary
Dinosaurs. The league-leading
Bears are just two points ahead of
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When: January 10-19
Time:    9:00-430
Place:    Office of Student Services,
Ponderosa Annex F
Provincial Youth Referral Office
Employment Programs
British Columbia Ministry of Labour
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. Page 8
Thursday, January 6, 1977
Transkei conditions appalling
— have been removed to bantustans that
were termed overcrowded more than 20
years earlier.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Pretoria had
arranged for industiral development in or
near the bantustans through a government-
owned corporation known as the Bantu
Investment Corporation.
Rather than develop indigenous black
economies in Transkei and other bantustans, however, statistics show that the
overwhelming-proportion of financial
assistance funnelled through the BIC went
to white-owned industries that took advantage of bantustan labor supplies. In later
years, government policy has been to shift
some of this burden for bantustan development to the private sector.
Now under the auspices of the Transkei
Development Corporation in Umtata, there
is little to suggest that the republic will
differ from the BIC's in anything but the
address of its administration.
A series of recent ads in numerous U.S.
newspapers   are   indicative,   noting   the
territory's "bright economic prospects" and
its "attractive investment incentives."
Through this policy, the majority of Transkeian workers will thus remain as migrants
to "white areas" while industrial development in the territory will closely resemble
the border industries developed in past
decades —capital-intensive enterprises that
contribute little to the development of a
local economy.
It is likely that the majority of workers
outside Transkei will remain in white-owned
mining industries, where they are now, and
the majority of Transkei residents will
remain, as they are now, on a primitive
level of subsistence agriculture, or unemployed.
The aim of the current development
policy, according to a New York Times
report from Port St. Johns, "is to create a
black entrepreneurial class capable of
running an economy that has been
dominated by whites."
In other words, there will be no significant
change   in   the   present   structure   or
From page 5
territory that will remain dependent on
South Africa and its traditional allies in the
West for whatever economic development
takes place there. The chief has already
asked the United States for aid in
establishing the territory's economy.
Left to itself, the Transkei is incapable of
supporting even the fraction of the claimed
population that resides there — some 1.65
million Africans. Starvation, malnutrition,
broken homes and disease are rampant,
according to recent observers.
The government-sponsored Native Affairs
Commission, in a 1937-38 report, was even
then describing the Transkei's land as
"congested, denuded, overstocked, eroded,
and, for the most part, in deplorable condition."
Government policy since that time has
been to concentrate bantustan populations
in order to increase their labor capacity.
Between 1960 and 1970 alone, some 1.8
million "superfluous Bantu" — the families
.of migrant workers living in "white areas"
UBC admin
wants acres
From page 3
said the group will make public n&
proposal for the endowment lands
next week and will hold another
public forum for approval of its
plan Jan. 26.
The ad hoc committee's report
suggests that "a total of more than
600 acres might conceivably be
added with advantage to the
campus, and that the obvious site
for the addition is along the eastern,
boundary from University
Boulevard to Marine Drive."
However, the official position
paper does not mention the 600-
acre figure.
NB CUP site
From page 3
University of Toronto Varsity,
national affairs reporter; Ontario
field worker Dave Colburn, wire
editor and McGill Daily editor
Larry Black, bureau chief.
Cost of the conferences was
estimated by organizers at $70,000
and there was discussion about
holding next year's conference
outside Canada, where it may be
cheaper. But delegates voted
Fredericton, N.B., the site of next CUP CONFERENCE panel participants Patrick Nagle of the Vancouver Sun, former CUP president
year's conference. The University (left) and B.C. Today editor Peter McNelly (rightf flank panel chairman Dan O'Connor, National
of New Brunswick Brunswickan Union of Students executive secretary during discussion on role of press. More than 200 attended
will host the conference. Ubyssey-hosted conference at Sheraton Plaza 500.
distribution processes of the former
economy as it was administered from
Pretoria — just some black masks over
white faces.
The domestic response to these prospects
has Deen almost universal rejection. An Oct.
16 rally in Johannesburg sponsored by the
government to celebrate Transkei's impending "independence" resulted in a
violent confrontation with South African riot
Several weeks ago, Chief Matanzima
called for a referendum in the black
townships surrounding white South African
cities designed to demonstrate his mandate
as chief of state in the coming republic.
A report in the Oct. 1 London Financial
Times tells the story: Based on a survey of
polling booths in Soweto,< where there is a
heavy concentration of Xhosa-speaking
people, fewer than five people voted at each
of the polling places surveyed. The report
cited one returning officer who said four
people had voted in the 13 hours he had a
But there is an additional international
aspect that is pressuring South Africa to
create an "independent" Transkei. The U.S.
has been anxious to secure a firm military
foothold in southern Africa for some time,
but a base on South African soil would run
counter to the new African policy that U.S.
secretary of state Henry Kissinger has been
advertising among black African leaders.
Accordingly, there are signs the Pentagon
is preparing to install a naval base in Port
St. Johns in order to increase its military
capabilities in the Indian Ocean. Such a
measure would not be possible without an
"independent" Transkei in which to set it
This proposal was explicitly stated in the
U.S. Army's July issue of Military Review, a
magazine considered by most observers to
reflect defense department views.
Predicting that arms embargoes — such
as they are — against South Africa will
continue, the article's author, Maj. Wesley
Groesback, notes that Transkei, once independent, would be likely to welcome a
U.S. naval presence.
So where's peace?
DENVER (CPS-CUP) — If God is dead,
whafs left?
Plenty, according to a recent poll which
indicates that millions of Americans are
turning to transcendental meditation, yoga,
astrology and the charismatic movement.
Six million Americans have embraced TM
according to the poll. A few years ago the
TM pitch said if one per cent of the
population repeatzd their coded mantras
twice a day, peace, and freedom and other
facsimiles would appear.


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