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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Sep 20, 1973

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Array Bookstore seeks subsidy
A student-faculty committee has
unanimously recommended the
board of governors abandon the
requirement that UBC bookstore
financial operations break even.
Instead the committee, chaired
by store manager Bob Smith, asks
the board grant $2 million to build a
new store and subsidize the
operation at $50,000 a year.
Currently the board requires
ancilliary  services   such   as   the
bookstore and the housing administration pay their own way.
But the committee's report, the
result of two years study, says the
store should be reclassified as an
academic service because it is
unable to adequately serve
students and faculty under this
It recommends the board build a
new bookstore which would
provide improved service in larger
quarters as well as eliminating the
costly move to the armoury every
And it asks a further $50,000 a
year be granted to cover technical
service which would mean fewer
store funds tied up in administrative costs.
The report also asked the board
become actively involved in:
regulating the financial impact
caused by suppliers' indifference
to filling orders, and intense
seasonal demand.
influencing suppliers and
governments to alter policy on
fixed retail prices, restrictive
discounts, the limited number of
books which the store is permitted
to return and copywright laws
which require the stores to buy
expensive Canadian editions instead of cheaper American ones.
helping to ensure a realistic,
labor agreement with Canadian
Union of Public Employees
members working in the store,
particularly in gaining union cooperation in extending the store
operation hours past 5 p.m.
Gordon Turriff, committee
member and Alma Mater Society
law rep, told the AMS council
Wednesday implementing the
report's recommendations
wouldn't necessarily guarantee a
cut in book prices.
But he said it would permit the
store to take fuller advantage of
HAS IT EVER OCCURRED to anyone that this campus is sinking?
You see, the new library is falling apart, SUB is cracking and now we
hear part of the Empire pool bleachers have had to be closed. Is it
—marise savaria photo
symbolic somehow? Does it matter? Does anyone care? You over
there in the corner, stop snoring please.
Rag referendum set for Oct. 3
Students will be asked in a referendum how
many issues a week The Ubyssey should
Alma  Mater  Society   council   voted  Wednesday   to  put  the  question  in   an   Oct.   3
AMS treasurer John Wilson, who presented
the motion to council said he wants to know if
students still rate The Ubyssey as highly as
they did in 1968 when a professional survey of
student opinion was conducted.
The survey, which Wilson said cost $16,000,
investigated students' views of the university
and the AMS.
#'   The question on the referendum will read:
Do you want a campus newspaper to be
published once, twice, three, four or five times
a week?
Wilson said students will vote preferentially.
Bill Moen, arts undergraduate society
president, had "The Ubyssey" changed in
Wilson's original motion to read "campus
newspaper". »
^   He told council he wanted the amendment
because he thought it unfair for students to
judge the number of issues published this year
on what the paper did last year editorially and
Bob Angus, grad students association rep,
told council he is curious to find out how
students view The Ubyssey.
"Let's just say from an academic point of
view I'm interested," he said.
Students will also vote Oct. 3 on whether
candidates in AMS elections should be allowed
to affiliate with political clubs.
Council refused to recommend students
support the motion.
Council defeated a motion asking students to
vote to apply the $5 extra-mural athletic fee to
cover the costs of Recreation UBC.
The motion was introduced by Barbara
Morris, recreation undergraduate society rep.
Use of recreational equipment and facilities
on campus will only be extended to Rec UBC
members who pay $5 a session if they're
students and $10 if they're a faculty or staff
' member. In past years students, staff and
faculty could use recreational equipment by
leaving personal identification when in attendance.
Council voted to send a letter to the university administration asking it to absorb the costs
of Rec UBC.
Council also voted to ask in the fall
referendum if students believe grad students
should be exempted from the $15 SUB fee. Grad
students are already paying for the grad
student centre.
If sthdents pass the motion, grad students
would only pay their $9 AMS membership fee,
the $5 pool fee and the $5 athletic fee.
Angus introduced the motion but said he
doesn't necessarily think grad students should
be exempted from the fee but says he thinks
students should decide.
Grad students are currently voting on a
referendum which asks them if they want to
pay the full fee.
Wilson told council the grad students should
pay the full fee because students in other
faculties pay extra money to support their
undergraduate societies and their activities
while continuing to pay for SUB.
bargains, cover freight costs and
handle back stocks.
And he emphasized the store can
no longer operate under the
current arrangement without
resorting to cuts in services or
price hikes.
Smith said previously the store
cannot build badly needed extensions or new facility as long as it
is required to finance construction
from sales.
The report outlines three
alternatives for handling overcrowding and inefficiency in the
current store facility. They are a
$75,000 expansion of basement
space in the store, a $600,000 addition of a second floor (the store
has already had three expansions
in its 20-year history) or $2 million
for a new store.
The report opts for the third
alternative because it said the
other two are merely stop-gap
The new facility would be built
on the same central campus
location as the current structure,
Turriff said.
Said the report: "The role of the
bookstore cannot be fulfilled under
its present structure because of
revenues generated from sales,
due to the economics of the textbook industry, the mix of products
sold, and the seasonal nature of
demand, will never be great
enough to provide the service level
required by the university community."
The AMS council meeting
unanimously passed a motion
supporting the report and urging
the board to implement its
go co-ed
The university housing administration has started another
experiment in co-educational
residences, this time at Totem
Men and women aren't sharing
rooms or even floors, but they do
have adjoining buildings.
The residences' three twin-tower
units have been divided so women
live in one side and men in the
other in buildings joined by a
common foyer and lounge.
One of the more amusing aspects
of the new arrangement is that
women are now living in a tower
(Salish) which used to be inhabited
by men and so must use men's
"Conversions of men's and
women's washrooms aren't
completed," a housing spokesman
So some washrooms have both
urinals and Kotex dispensers,
creating some unease among
"It's weird," said one woman.
"Maybe we'll plant flowers in them
(the urinals)."
(No comment was available on
what men are doing to the Kotex
The housing office said the move
was undertaken in an attempt to
promote a differing lifestyle.
"As you know we already have
co-educational buildings (adjoining floors) in the Walter Gage
residences," a spokesman said.
The move actually only effected
two of the three dual-tower
structures since one was already
divided half between women and
The spokesman said plans are
currently confined to Totem Park
though they might eventually be
duplicated at Place Vanier.
"This was all done
democratically," the spokesman
said. "A referendum was taken
among students at Totem last
spring and they initiated the
move." Page 2
Thursday, September 20, 1973
Bledsoe OKs $29 lew
GSA exec again supports fee
By JAKE van der KEMP
The grad student association
executive reiterated their support
of the $29 Alma Mater Society levy
GSA president Jim Bledsoe said
he is in favor of paying the $29 AMS
fee levied on grad students last
year. Previously grad students
belonged to the AMS but did not
pay fees.
Said Bledsoe: "We are using
AMS facilities and it is only fair
that we help pay for them too. The
complaints of those who are
against  paying  the   fee   because
they  don't  like  shelling  out  $29
simply don't wash."
He also said he did not understand why graduate students,
who had remained so apathetic on
most issues, would suddenly want
to get involved.
"We ran for office virtually
unopposed last year," he said.
"The administration recently
raised the fees for graduate
students doing their theses off
campus from $50 to approximately
$150 depending on what they are
Library hours
change in winter
Operating hours of the main library will be shortened and the hours
of Sedgewick undergraduate library lengthened for the winter session.
In an interview Monday head librarian Basil Stuart-Stubbs said the
decision to shift the hours of operation rested on two criteria:
"Firstly, the availability of seats in Sedgewick is superior to that of
the main library.
"Secondly, Sedgewick, unlike the main library, requires only a
minimum of higher-priced help to operate. The hours shift then releases
funds from the library budget for purchase of additional collections," he
Stuart-Stubbs also said the shift has occurred in response to
requests from a large number of students wishing to study on campus
where materials are readily available.
As of Oct. 6 Sedgewick will be open on Saturday evenings until 11:45
p.m. The Wilson recording collection will have extended evening hours
and Sunday opening from 12:00 noon - 5:00 p.m. The curriculum
laboratory will also now be open on Sunday afternoons.
The main library is the only department to suffer under the new
hours. It will now close at 11:00 p.m. as opposed to 11:45 p.m. and at 6:00
p.m. on Fridays. Main library use has been found to be light on Friday
evenings, hence the early closure.
"A handful of complaints have been received concerning the early
closing of the main library," assistant librarian Douglas Mclnnes said
Monday. "These have however come from people looking for obscure
items," he said.
Some of these people may be appeased however. With the transference of the Asian studies section to the old Sedgewick location the
main library is now using six instead of only five levels.
So it has not been necessary to move more of the infrequently used
volumes and old periodicals into the depths of the Woodward library. At
present there are 60-70,000 volumes housed in Woodward which can be
obtained on request.
Stuart-Stubbs said the current study space problems that now exist
should be relieved later this week when the physical plant reconverts
the front section of Brock Hall into a study area.
Jh Morse and Buggy 'Days
Western Optical
Company Ltd,
1774 W. 2nd 736-8055
doing, yet we got virtually no
comment from those concerned,"
Bledsoe said.
Apathy is so widespread in the
association paid help had to be
obtained to staff the booths for the
GSA referendum taking place
Wednesday and today.
The referendum, which asks
grad students if they are in favor of
remaining in the AMS and if they
wish to continue paying the AMS
fee, is not legally binding. The GSA
executive members say they don't
know what they will do if the
membership votes not to pay the
"We could conceivably  resign,
carry the results to the AMS, or
simply carry on as usual," Bledsoe
"In any case, if the GSA has to
reform as a society on its own, the
cost of registering ourselves and
hiring a lawyer will be prohibitive.
"Besides the AMS could refuse
us entry to SUB, or intramurals
and could levy extra admissions to
special events for us."
Students pan merger
MONTREAL (CUPI) — The press releases say
they are community representatives. But most of
them are in fact directors of large corporations.
They are among the new directors on the board of
governors at Concordia University, formed by a
coalition of Loyola and Sir George Williams
Among them are: the president of Ogilvie Flour,
the president of Canadian Schenley Distilleries, the
president of Commercial Trust and 15 of their corporate friends. There are five students and five
faculty members on the proposed 29 member board.
As well as facing student opposition the merger
and the creation of Concordia University may have
some difficulty getting government approval.
A story in the Montreal Star early in September
suggested legal technicalities and political opposition
could prevent the merger.
Loyola political science teacher, Marcel Denis, a
member of the board of directors of the Union
Nationale, says the merger could become an election
issue if the Liberal government does not 'pass it
through on an order in council before a general
election is called.'
'The future of Loyola and the merger are
primarily an English liberal matter,' Denis said. The
Parti Quebecoise, Creditiste, and Union Nationale
represent French-speaking Montrealers and rural
Quebecoise. Denis says these parties cannot be expected to support the merger or Loyola's future as an
English-speaking institution.
U of S students withhold fees
councils at the University of
Saskatchewan's two campuses in
Saskatoon and Regina are asking
students now registering to pay
only half their tuition in an attempt
to combat the $50 fee hike
legislated by the provincial
government earlier this year.
The councils hope students,
withholding their second fee installment will provide time and
bargaining power in trying to get
the fee rise rescinded. The councils
also hope to deter a further increase expected for the next school
The Saskatoon student council is
requesting students receiving
student loans put the remainder of
their loans into a trust fund after
their first term fees are paid.
Council officials say this will
satisfy the requirements of the
Canada student loans plan.
University officials usually request
that   students   sign   a   form   at
registration assigning their loans
directly to the university.
The Saskatchewan fee strike is
patterned after one organized last
year by the Ontario Federation of
Food store not crying
everyone loses because of the
current escalating food prices.
For the 28 weeks ending Aug. 11
M. Loeb Ltd. owners of IGA stores,
and Home and Pitfield Foods,
more than doubled the profit made
at the same time last year.
This year Loeb made $1,080,300
compared to last year's $465,000
Loeb's new, highly lucrative
subsidiary Home and Pitfield also
more than doubled its profits in the
same period. Home and Pitfield
profited $461,599 this year compared to $221,729 last year.
As well as a controlling interest
in IGA, Loeb also owns several
drug stores, including the Shoppers
City chain, and other food and drug
related industries
A.M.S. Special Events Presents
Murray McLaughlan
Special Guest: Barry Greenfield
S.U.B. Ballroom Friday, Sept. 28, 8:30 p.m.
Tickets: $3 advance at S.U.B., Rm. 266. $3.50 at door Thursday, September 20, 1973
Page 3
Union gets SUB office
Alma Mater Society council voted Wednesday to
rent SUB office space to an independent union trying
to- organize more than 1,000 library and clerical
workers in campus.
The space, in a currently unused committee
room, will be rented to the Association of University
and College Employees for $100 a month if the board
of governors approves an AMS lease with the council.
The board must approve all SUB leases because
the university owns SUB.
The original motion, came up last week at council
from AMS co-ordinator Joanne Lindsay was to rent
the space for $50.
Council also agreed to a motion from Gordon
Turriff, law student association rep on council, that
the motion be amended to include an extra clause:
"That the office space be rented subject to
equivalent office space being rented at equal rates to
any other group attempting to organize clerical and
library staff on this campus."
Turriff told council he believes it is bad policy for
council to permit a single union to use SUB.
"The intent of this motion is to ensure that other
unions won't feel we're against them," he said.
Bob Angus, graduate student association rep,
said council would be breaking an established policy
in renting the space.
"Our already limited ^pace will not be going to
students for whom this building was built, but to an
outside group," said Angus, AMS co-ordinator last
Jean Rands, president of the AUCE campus
local, told council it would deny campus workers
their democratic rights if approval for the lease was
not passed.
"The fact of the matter is that UBC is a company
"No union can have an organizing office on
campus," she said.
"We are asking you for our democratic right to
organize workers.
"If you refuse, you're saying we can't have office
space on the campus. You're refusing workers the
right to organize."
Rands said the office would be used as a centre to
sign prospective union members, to meet with the
union's executive and to keep administrative records.
She said in an interview after the motion was
passed that she expects the union will use the office
only until December.
At that time, said Rands, the union expects to
have more than 600 unorganized workers signed as
union members, enough to make a bid to the B.C.
labor relations board as a certified bargaining agent.
UEL housing backed
—marise savaria photo
PHANTOM DOG is really alive and well but lost. Canine reporter Ken
Dodd says the dog is being well looked after. The dog's owner can
have him back alive by phoning the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals.
Mayor Art Phillips said Tuesday
Vancouver will co-operate in the
provincial government's plans to
redevelop a 1,000-acre block of the
university endowment lands.
Phillips said he would like to see
the UEL developed for housing and
research industries.
He said development would ease
the housing shortage in Vancouver
and bring down high local prices.
Phillips said he substantially
agrees with a development
proposal recently outlined by
housing minister Lome Nicolson.
But he said he would like to see
research institutions and commercial development on the UEL
as well as the housing Nicolson
Phillips said UBC will not need
the 1,000 acres as the university is
already large enough and other
facilities could be built elsewhere.
Development would leave about
700 acres untouched, endowment
lands manager R.P. Murdoch said
Murdoch said the land which
would be used for park space, is
very swampy.
Phillips said the housing
development would provide
residence for 15,000 to 20,000 people
largely of lower income brackets.
Phillips admitted he has no
direct say over endowment land
use since that is provincial
government jurisdiction, but he
said, Nicolson had agreed to
consult Vancouver on plans.
Phillips said he considers selfish
the notion that the endowment
lands should be preserved.
He said they are one of the few
remaining areas for low-cost
housing near or in Vancouver.
Allan   Kelly,   UEL   ratepayers
association president said today
Nicolson has promised to consult
the association on any plans.
"We've been told there are no
immediate plans for the area,"
said Kelly, who is also Greater
Vancouver Regional District
He said all statements on what
the government plans are merely
conjecture but he thinks Phillips'
comments are reasonable.
"Some people would like to see
the lands preserved as natural
park, but I think that's unlikely."
"Most of us on the endowment
lands are resigned to some sort of
development and as long as it's
orderly it will be all right," Kelly
Currently 3,000 people live on the
700 developed acres of the UEL.
The university campus comprises
another 1,000 acres of the UEL.
'"X -    -*> --"^J*-^
Prof blasts Chile coup reporting
—says news slanted to the right
U.S. and Canadian news reporting of the
September 11 military coup in Chile came in
for severe criticism Tuesday from anthropology professor Blanca Muratorio.
"Reports appearing in papers here and the
states have created the misconception the
military saved Chile from the chaos of
socialism," Muratorio said.
She was speaking as part of a  four-
member panel discussion presented by the
^Uma Mater Society speaker's committee in
^SUB 212.
"The press is creating the impression in
capitalist countries outside Chile that
having a Marxist president there was an
interesting experiment.
"However, because of the Latin American
temperament and/or Allende was in in-
. competent   it   failed"   so   the   supposedly
neutral army stepped in.
*" "None of this is true at all". Let me say the
army definitely does not have such a
vaunted history of neutrality as has been
pictured," said Muratorio, a native of
Muratorio then listed previous instances
in Chileem history where she said the army
had intervened "to stop certain social
reforms," and suppress strikes.
0^ The last time a military coup occurred in
Chile was 1926. Spokesmen of Chile's armed
forces   have   often   commented   on   the
remarkable nature of this record compared
to other Latin American countries, proudly
pointing to this as proof of their neutrality.
To further support her argument the
army's neutrality was a sham Muratorio
charged that between 1964 and 1968, 1,400
officers of the Chilean army were trained in
the U.S. Puerto Rico and the Panama Canal
zone under American commanders.
Attacking the charge deposed Chilean
president Salvatore Allende lost control of
the situation, Muratorio said, "the Allende
government was effectively sabtotaged by
an oligarchy of Tightest extremists and
multi-national corporations.
"T.hey did everything possible to impede
Allende's role to socialism. So the military
coup doesn't prove anything."
Freelance photographer Gary Christall,
who worked in Chile during Allende's rule
criticized the government for not being
prepared for the coup.
He said he agreed with one news report
that called the overthrow "the best advertised coup in history."
"All the right-wing papers in the country
had been advertising for a coup all summer
and the left-wing papers had been predicting
one," Christall said.
"So why was the resistance so small and
coup so quick? Why wasn't the government
better prepared?" Christall asked.
He said the answer to the questions
seemed to show incredible naivety by
Allende and the Unite Populaire coalition
that supported him.
"They seemed to believe their own
propaganda of bourgeois democratic values
of government. Their mistake was that
there is no peaceful road to socialism," said
"They stuck by the ''rules while the
rightists broke the rules, went outside the
law and overthrew a government," said
He charged the Allende government was
"victims of thinking a year behind."
Christall said the government should have
anticipated the strike by truck owners
and taken measures to soften the effect.
The Chilian trucking industry is vital to
the transportation of food, medical supplies,
crop fertilizers and other necessities. Truck
owners also struck in 1972_but this year's
strike was far more crippling because it was
long and occurred in Chile's spring
preventing the planting of crops, especially
by peasant farmers.
The leftist elements of the UP came in for
especially hard criticism from Christall for
not properly organizing Chile's workers.
"While the factories had certainly been
organized there was very poor communication between factories," he said.
"The government showed an inability in
arming workers. Workers were armed but
not sufficiently prepared for the confrontation with the middle class that was
Another member of the panel, Miguel
Alemparee, a native Chilean disagreed with
Christall saying he believes the workers
were sufficiently prepared to react to the
Alemparee said the workers "are just
waiting for a leader — a spark before they
He said a leadership vacuum had resulted
with former UP and labor leaders either
"dead, out of the country, or taking refuge in
embassies in Santiago.
"Or mass murders have occurred of such
an extent as to scare people from acting,"
he said.
The fourth member of the panel, Anne
Marie Morrell, a native Chilean and UBC
grad history student said she didn't think the
people would put up with the military junta
for long.
Morrell quoted Allende in one of his last
interviews before his death when he was
asked how the country would react to rule if
such a coup occurred.
Said Allende: "The county is too aware,
too advanced politically to accept this kind
of 'rule — except by extreme force." Page 4
Thursday, September 20, 1973
Women now
When Harriet Tubman, feminist and freed slave,
transported slaves to freedom in Canada by way of the
underground railroad, she helped men and women.
Tubman left her much loved husband, John Tubman, in
order to carry out her revolutionary work. She worked as a
cook in Canada until she could afford to run another
trainload   of   slaves   north.   She   died   in   poverty.
Writing in the October Intellectual Digest about The
Downfall of Women, Dena Justin notes: "It is remarkable
how many legends survive among pre-literate cultures of an
earlier matriarchal period and a violent uprising by men in
which they usurped female authority. A myth of the
Selk'nam of Tierra del Fuego is illuminating. In the
beginning the sorceress moon woman, Kra, taught women
to dominate men through terror, transforming themselves
into spirits by the use of masks. But the sun man, Kran,
learned the secret and revealed it to the men.
"They promptly killed the women, sparing only the girls,
and to legitimize their seizure of power, they took over the
masks and the magic."
The violence of the reaction stemmed from the degree to
which the men felt they were subjugated by the women. It
was a very insecure male population that had to kill all the
women to ensure their own supremacy.
Now that the counter-revolution, the current feminist
movement, is underway it is interesting to note the
similarities between the two. In order to overcome the
dominating male, women are refusing to deal with him.
Recently women's studies meetings on campus have
glorified in banning and even evicting men. A poster for
Tuesday night's meeting welcomed all student, staff and
faculty women.
At Monday night's speech by Jill Johnston, men were
asked to leave when incorporating them and their ideas into
the conversation cut down on the amount of talk devoted
solely to women.
The beginnings of violence: a group of angry women
physically evicted one man.
The questions are easy. Can any group survive, by
isolating themselves? Can freedom incorporate hate? Are
women strong enough and secure enough to reject the
means of revolution and reaction traditionally used by men
in favorof a more rational, sensitive approach?
Can women be more than just another kind of man?
Justin also writes: "In Greece, women were deprived of
their political and social authority, not by the connivance of
self-seeking men, but as the consequence of Olympian
design. Athena, the 'lost leader', defeats Poseidon, the sea
god, for tutelary control of Athens but yields to male
"Descent will henceforth be patrilineal, not matrilineal.
Children will no longer be called by their mother's name but
by their father's. Women will be disenfranchised and
deprived of citizenship. Apollo seizes the oracle of prophecy
and law-giving at Delphi from the earth gcddess whose
domain it has been since the beginning of time. Here, where
the omphalos stone, symbol of the universal Mother,
marked the earth's centre, Apollo inscribes the precept of
the new order: 'Keep women under Rule'."
In a world where the original maternal supremacy has
become a mockery, a slavery to many women, there is a
need for a new kind of freedom.
In a political and career oriented world, there is a need
for political and job freedom for all its citizens.
Now that women have proclaimed themselves to be at
the short end of all these sticks the question is whether they
will be satisfied with establishing a chauvinistic hierarchy of
their own whether they will understand freedom to mean
freedom for everyone. Freedom of the mind and will.
Will we have Harriet Tubmans or primitive ego-satisfying
men disguised as women?
Answers to these questions, in article or letter form, may
be addressed to the editor, The Ubyssey, SUB 241 K.
—Linda Hossie
SEPTEMBER   20,   1973
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
Co-editors: Vaughn Palmer, Michael Sasges.
Notice, extremely important staff meeting today, The Ubyssey office,
1:30 p.m. to discuss lots of pressing issues.
Please show up.
Today's dwarves: Lesley Krueger, Vaughn Palmer, Ken Dodd, Mike
Sasges, Don Hubbert, Rick Lymer, Dirk Visser, Dru Spencer, Marise
Savaria, Ron Konkin, Steve Morris, Jake van der Kemp, Marc Hamilton,
Linda Hossie, Bernie Bischoff, Ed Cepka, Kathy Ball.
Ad bigotry
To the two "young businessmen"
(Bob and friend) who placed an
advertisement in The Ubyssey of
Sept. 13, 1973: I hope you have
found young, attractive and
suitably vacuous women to do your
light housekeeping and occasion
whatevers for you. Still, it escapes
me (and others, I'm sure) why the
qualifications "young and attractive" are necessary for the
performance of these tasks.
While I would grant that you are
entitled to the exercise of free
choice in a wide range of thought,
action, and domestic help, I also
feel your ad exhibits blatant
bigotry and sexual discrimination.
Further, I would encourage The
Ubyssey to cease printing such
sexist and tasteless ads. (I am-
presuming this particular ad was
not printed simply to generate
debate.) Wishing you a pleasant
publishing session, I remain yours
a grad student
The advertisement in the
classified section read:
Wanted: young attractive
women, pref. UBC student to do
light housekeeping and occasional
cooking for 2 young businessmen.
Own room with all modern conveniences in lux. town house,
Kerrisdale area. Call Bob: 732-3864
before 12:00 noon weekdays — Ed.
Speak teach
UBC has many professors who
are extremely deficient in any sort
of teaching ability. Nobody will
deny this. The common fault of
these instructors are:
disorganization in the course
poor public speaking ability,
generally inefficient and ineffective method of presentation.
Few of these professors are
criticized for a general lack of
knowledge in their respective
Essentially, UBC has many
highly qualified instructors who
lack a basic knowledge of the
fundamentals of public speaking
and public presentation.
The situation is absurd because
it thwarts the university's primary
function of teaching. The solution
to the problem is to force all profs,
as a condition of their employment,
to take a public speaking course.
This will teach them the essential
organizational and speaking
abilities so direly needed. These
skills can be learned; they are not
"gifts" some have and others do
not have.
The result of such public
speaking courses will be to bring
sub-standard instructors up to an
acceptable level of teaching ability
and to make the already above-
standard profs better.
Gordon Funt,
commerce 3
I would like to express by absolute disgust with the administration of Recreation UBC as
reported in The Ubyssey last
Ed Gautschi's claim that Rec
UBC "only wants to encourage
those who are serious about
sports" is completely repugnant to
the fundamental definition of
recreation as such. Recreation is
for all to enjoy in whatever manner
they wish; whether it is organized
sport or casual activity is of ho
consequence; it is recreational.
Mr. Gautschi has no space for
"those who want to kick a soccer
ball around three or four times a
year" and continues that "they
should find other facilities off
campus." Such restrictive use of
recreational facilities by serious
athletes only, pinpoints the rift
between physical education and
recreation. Physed is concerned
with the serious athlete; recreation
is concerned with anyone — you
don't need to be an athlete.
Perhaps Mr. Gautschi should
stop deceiving us and change Rec
UBC to physed UBC. He could even
go as to end all subtleties and paint
"Jocks Only" on our gyms.
Barbara Morris
recreation 4
Recreation Undergraduate
Society councillor on
Alma Mater Society council
I correct your report of last
week's meeting of the senate. I did
not say "rather cute"; I said
"rather charming". Mr.
Schoening's motion did not pass; it
was defeated by a substantial
Malcolm F. McGregor
classics head
I would like to register my
protest concerning your practice of
composing fictitious letters
proported to be from such fine
people as Molly McGregor. In
future, I hope you desist from such
despicable journalism.
Ever yours,
Wally Gage
I would like to say how totally
shocked I am when your
newspaper chooses to refer to
illustrious members of our administration by nick-names. For
example, I note you refer to administration president Walter H.
Gage as Wally.
Please cease this practice immediately.
Molly McGregor
a classic onlooker
Do you embarrass easily?
I do.
Do words like grunties, nertz and
wankel-rotary engine send a
scarlet flush to your face?
Yes? Well it's happened to me
To help people like us I devised
the now world-famous Carl Gruber
method on how to handle embarrassing situations.
For instance what would you do
in a crowded restaurant if when
getting up after finishing eating
dinner with your future in-laws
your trousers fell down after you'd
undone your suspenders to better
enjoy the meal?
Would   you   be   embarrassed?
Confidently yours,
Carl Gruber
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and, if
possible, typed.
Pen names will be used when
the writer's real name is also
included for our information in
the letter, or when valid reasons
for anonymity are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste. Thursday, September 20, 1973
Page 5
k «'AtHt
,„    WIN K (ftMUHW.*
! V. *
CRAIK . .. with cluttered employment bulletin board in West Mall placement office.
Holiday jobs exceed students
Jobs were more plentiful than
students this summer and the
situation is expected to be the same
this fall, placement officer Cam
Craik said Monday.
"Everyone that wanted a job got
a job" said Craik. "There are more
than 100 job vacancies left from
The forest industry was the
major employer this summer.
"Women are increasingly filling
jobs previously reserved for men
in this area," said Craik.
Other areas of employment were
Mother's Aids, casual labor and
office work.
Craik said he expects many part-
time jobs this fall also. Already 200
students have been placed in the
library at $2.25 an hour.
Also 400 letters are being sent to
various Vancouver companies to
solicit off campus employment, he
To   apply   for   employment,
register at the Ponderosa Annex F.
Volunteer Subjects required
for experiments in
Meditation &
Deep Relaxation
See table in SUB
or ph. 731-0773
Come Meet And
Experience With Us
Weekly Starting Jan. 31
8:00 P.M. - YMCA
/^jl^\          Anglican-United Campus Ministry
TOT]                                All welcome to
Sept. 28-30 - Cost: $8                                Point Roberts
"Christian Life Style and the University"
More information: 224-1614
or come to Lutheran Campus Centre
Student Christian Movement
Ph. 588-6011
Bow-Wow Parts of B.C. Ltd.
9553 - 120 Street (Scott Rd.) Delta
Distributors For
Scat - Treuhoft ■
Deano - S & S etc.
*%<iue*tt 1fa, 'Tteand
4393 West 10th Av..
(near Varsity Theatre)
224-4144 Open 11 a.m.-8 p.m.
September 19-20, 10:30-4:30
1. Are you in favor of continuing to belong to the Alma Mater
2. Are you in favor of paying the $29 Alma Mater Society fee?
Polling    Stations:    GSC,   SUB,    Buchanan,    Bookstore,    Barn.
All voters must have valid
1973-74 AMS Cards
Tenth Ave. buses
lack good service
Tenth Avenue from Blanca to Alma just doesn't get adequate bus
service during the week, as any denizen of Tenth will tell you.
From 2:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m. buses leaving UBC are so over-loaded
with students that people waiting outside the gates are passed by.
Bus drivers are aware of the problem, but as one said: "I can't ask
students to stay off the bus without direction from (B.C.) Hydro."
He said if students were more considerate and moved to the back of
the bus more people could be accommodated.
Hydro spokesman Wally Craig said the problem is with Hydro's
over-taxed system.
He said about 30 buses sit unused everyday because the company
hasn't enough drivers.
But people waiting at Tenth stops say they are missing buses and
missing appointments.
Said one man: "It's a bloody nuisance!"
One woman complained to The Ubyssey that students were being
inconsiderate and should leave room.
But one student's reaction was: "We have to get on the bus — we've
got to get home too!"
June Dunlop, co-ordinator of transportation area council, says her
hands are tied in the matter unless she receives formal complaints
Meanwhile the buses pass by....	
AUCE drive on
The Association of University and College Employees, a group
trying to unionize non-organized campus workers, will hold its first
membership meeting today.
Elections for various positions will be held at the meeting 5:15 p.m.
in the grad student center board room. Membership forms, leaflets and
instructions on organizing will be distributed.
If you are eligible to join but cannot attend, phone president Jean
Rands 298-8430; vice-president Verity Wormald 731-0873; secretary
Dick Martin 876-5139; or Sandra Lundy 738-3601.
The Labor Relations Act, section 5, paragraph 1 states that no
employer may interfere with attempts of his employees to form a union,
so organizers say there is no reason to expect trouble from anyone.
Do You Face Reading Assignments.
or Confident!
Cut Study Time by Two Thirds
Have More Time for Other Activites
Evelyn Vfood Heading Dynamics
Sept. 20-23 in S.U.B. Aud.
*But were afraid to ask."
(^Iffinglj^ Sun.-7:00
Thursday, September 20, 1973
Hot flashes
Nome truths,
health care
A. Peter Ruderman of the
health administration department,
school of hygiene at the
University of Toronto will hold a
seminar at UBC 4:30, today.
The topic is "Some Home
Truths about the Real Cost of
Health Care in Canada."
If you're interested go to
Lecture Hall 4, Instructional
Resources Centre.
Chile talk
A discussion and debate on the
military coup in Chile and its
aftermath will be held, 8 p.m.
Friday at the Vanguard
bookstore, 1208 Granville.
Kiefs help
Volunteers to work with
emotionally disturbed children at
14 Lower Mainland residential
treatment centres are needed.
Volunteers would work with
children from the age of three up
to persons of 19 in the centre, run
by a group called Browndale.
Interested persons should call
Susan Brown at 879-0241.
Buffet dance
A buffet and dance will be held
at International House Saturday.
The buffet will start at 6:30 p.m.
and ?he dance at 9:00 p.m. Tickets, available at IH, are $3 for
members and $3.50 for non-
Womens meet
The women's action group will
hold their first general meeting of
the year noon today in SUB 205.
All students, staff, faculty and
alumnae are welcome.
Da big breaks
Well, when we put out a plea
for cartoonists, we got cartoonists.
When we asked for photographers, we got 'em too.
Sports writers bounded
through the door when we wept a
little at their relative scarcity.
So how, The Ubyssey is looking for reporters.
That's right, reporters. Potential Jimmy Olson, Lois Lane,
Clark Kent and Lana Lang —
types are all urged to report to
SUB   241K  Monday, Wednesday
and Thursday noons for assignments.
You don't have to have any
writing experience — or even be
more than partly literate.
We'll teach you the skills needed to do the job — and believe
us, these aren't too hard to pick
If you can read this story,
you'll soon learn to write one like
it. So don't hesitate, all you eager
young reporter-types. Now's the
time to break into the newspaper
biz in a big way (heh heh).
Clubs again
Club freaks are invited to crash
UBC's annual clubs day, 10 a.m.
until 4 p.m. today in SUB.
Almost 50 of 120 Alma Mater
Society chartered clubs are taking
part in the exhibition.
Among the featured show-offs
are Mussoc, doing a music and
dance display, the skydivers doing
a jump on the field behind SUB,
and of course the political and
religious clubs, ever recruiting
The Ubyssey office, SUB
241K, will not be an exhibit (any
more than usual).
'Tween classes
Gymnastics meeting, noon-2 p.m.,
SUB 209, War Memorial gym lobby.
Volleyball tryouts, 4:30 p.m. War
Memorial gym.
Field Hockey tryouts, 5 p.m., south
campus field.
Practice,     10:30    a.m.-noon,
p.m., SUB 209.
Worship    and    fireside,    noon,   and
7:30 p.m., campus centre.
meeting,     noon-2
Tryouts basketball team, 4:30 p.m.
War Memorial gym.
Craft    night,    7:30    p.m.,   campus
Demonstration,     noon,     SUB
Ballroom. ,
Deadline to join is Oct. 15. Sign-up,
noon-l:30 p.m., SUB.
Demonstration,   1:45   p.m.,   soccer
field behind SUB.
"Who    do    you,   think   you   are?",
noon. Gage towers lounge.
Squash   tryouts,   2:45  p.m.-5  p.m.,
squash courts winter sports centre.
Life meeting, 7 p.m., Gage lounge.
The revolution;  lesson 47;  Chile, 8
p.m., 1208 Granville.
New  members wanted, noon, SUB
Organizational  meeting,  noon, SUB
Election of officers, 11 a.m.-l p.m.,
SUB 105B.
Barbecue, everyone welcome, noon,
Panhellenic house.
Luncheon,     noon,     grad     student
Meeting, noon, IH lounge.
Organizational  meeting,  noon, SUB
Our Vehicles are
Est. 1930
(for    86°°) 3771W. 10th Ave.        224-3536
An opportunity to learn through
experience how you relate to
others in the context of a small
group. This is a chance for you to
participate in a mutual
learning/teaching situation where
the emphasis is on growth in areas
involving personal, interpersonal
and group understanding. Contact
Don Johnson at 224-1614.
Tuesday evenings starting Sept.
25 at 7:00 p.m.
Lutheran Campus Centre
FOR MUSICIANS: New & used guitars and amplifiers
Kelly Deyong Sound House
2617 W. 4th Ave. Phone: 736-6541
We have enlarged our dining room to
offer you better service!
Open Every Day from 4:30 p.m. to 11 p.m.
5732 University Blvd. Phone 224-6121
Just One Block from Campus in the Village
RATES: Campus.- 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines, 25c;
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c;
additional days $1.25 & 30c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline U 11:30a.m., the day before publication.
PublicationsOffice, Room 241 S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
vite you to dance to Impact!
Friday, Sept. 21. SUB Ballroom,
9:00-1:00. Get your free admission passes Friday noon in SUB.
75c at door.  Door prizes!
Lost & Found
motorcycle, Marine Drive, Monday aft. Reward. Phone Chris,
266-2662.     '
Rides & Car Pools
to UBC for 8:30 every morning:.
Please phone Jacqui, 946-6254.
Special Notices
Roll  of  50'  or  56'
Kodak   or   llford
B & W  Bulk Film
with   the   purchase   of   a
At $17.50
Limit: 1 Fez Customer on
presentation of Student I.D.
^the ILtni anb Abutter
3010   W.   Broadway 736-7833
AM-FM Stereo receiver. 2 speakers, turntable, base, cover and
cartridge, list $200. Tour cost
$125. 2-year parts guarantee.
Call  325-0366  for  savings.
of Bundolo" and the CBC are
proud to announce the return of
Dr. Bundolo's Pandemonium
Medicine Show this Wed., Sept.
26 in SUB Theatre, 12:30. It's
Free ! ! !
tion invites all student wives to
their first get-together Wed.,
Sept. 26, 8:00 at Cecil Green
Campus). Open 9 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
5736 University Blvd.
Special Events
Who's US? mUS'soc. What does
mUSsoc do? party, paint, publicize, perform. Where's mUSsoc?
in sub today. Help US celebrate
our 59th year of good times.
CBC deposits the first of many
"Dr. Bundolo's Pandemonium
Medicine Show" This Wed.. Sept.
26 in SUB Theatre at 12:30. It's
Free ! ! !
Van. Symphony Orchestra Free
Concert, War Memorial Gym,
12:45   p.m.-2:15   p.m.
Travel Opportunities IB
— then attend a special travel
evening sponsored by the Canadian Youth Hostels Association
to be held at the Vancouver
Youth Hostel at the foot of Discovery Street on Tuesday, September 25th at 8 p.m. Advice
will be given on all aspects of
low budget travel and free check
lists will be available to all potential travellers. Those requiring
more details of the meeting or
its location should phone 738-
Autos For Sale
power steering, air cond.. auto.,
$2,300 cash. Ph. 688-2959 after 6.
1971 YAMAHA 650cc. LITTLE OL'
lady condition. 8000 miles. Ph.
350 S-2. 3400 miles. Ph. 738-2484
after 6:00 p.m.
my home. Essays, Thesis, etc.
Neat accurate work. Reasonable
rates.   Phone   263-5317.
Help Wanted
old boy at home or nearby, 4th
&  Sasamat.  224-5816.	
for 6 hours a week in Lawyers'
home. 4tti & Blanca. Flexible
hours.   224-5056.
Work Wanted
& Publishing experience, (copy-
writing, editing, proofreading) &
experienced research asst. (UBC)
seeks interesting people-oriented
or research job. Contact TJBC
Personnel or Donna Pollack,
c/o   736-5304.
Music Instruction
Special Classes
Speakeasy SUB Anytimel
228-4557 - 12:30-2:30
For Students and Tutors
Register Now! 12:30-2:30
$6.50, on sale from 12:30-1:30
in Brock Hall's BUD  Lounge.
Unfurnished Apts.
bedroom unfurnished suite. $110.
Ph.   732-0381
Room & Board
women, pref. UBC student to do
light housekeeping & occasional
cooking for 2 young businessmen.
Own room with all modern conveniences in lux. town house,
Kerrisdale area. Call Bob: 732-
3864 before 12:00 noon weekdays.
CLASSIFIED Thursday, September 20, 1973
Page 7
All that's gold
doesn't glitter
Bruce Robertson, the first Canadian men's gold
medal winner in world or Olympic swimming competition for 60 years, says he was disappointed with
his performance.
"My time wasn't faster than last year's or when I
was at Munich," Robertson said Tuesday. He won the
gold medal in the butterfly during the recent World
Aquatics at Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
"I was lucky to win it. The eight fastest Americans
had retired and East German Roland Mathes
sprained his ankle and couldn't compete in the
event," Robertson said.
A third-year UBC commerce student, Robertson
has been in organized swimming since he was three.
He practises four hours a day while attending UBC
and up to six hours a day during the summer.
The Canadian Dolphin Swim Club of Vancouver is
his local sponsor.
Robertson was jointly financed on the trip by the
Canadian Amateur Swim Association which paid his
air fare and the Belgrade Association which supplied
room and board at the meet.
At national and local meets expenses are paid by
the competitors.
Robertson said he favors international contests
which gives other countries the chance to examine
other swimming programs.
The '76 Olympics in Montreal is the present goal of
Robertson who said he will continue to swim until the
sport no longer interests him.
Women's deadlines Friday
The entry deadline is 5 p.m.
Friday for the following women's
sports;: turkey trot, flag football
and the swim meet.
There will be a unit managers
meeting for women's intramurals
at 7:30 p.m. today in SUB 215. This
meeting is both for organizational
purposes and also for socializing.
Suds will be supplied.
If you cannot make today's
meeting, there will be another unit
managers' meeting noon Friday,
war memorial gym 213. If you are
unable to attend both gatherings,
send a substitute.
The start of the co-recreational
program is just around the corner.
The events will run Oct. 1 to Nov.
30, and Jan. 7 to March 22, with
activities Mondays through
The co-rec program is free to all
UBC students and has no affiliation
with Recreation UBC. The
program will be offering activities
with all facilities provided.
Here is a schedule of weekly
events for the co-rec program:
Bowling, Mondays, 9-10:30 p.m.,
SUB alleys; Basketball, Wednesdays, 8:30-10:30 p.m., gym B;
Chess, Tuesdays, 7:30-10:30 p.m.,
SUB party room; Bridge, Thursdays, 7:30-10:30 p.m., SUB party
room; Badminton, Thursdays,
8:30-10:30p.m., gym B; Volleyball,
Tuesdays, 8:30-10:30 p.m., gym B.
There will also be special activities planned under the co-rec
program. These are:
Broomball, Oct. 15-Nov. 5, 8:30-
10:30 p.m. at the winter sports
Curling bonspiel, Nov. 3 and 4, at
the winter sports centre;
Fun track meet, Jan. 24, 12:30 -
?, at the memorial gym;
Orienteering course, March 7,
12:30 p.m. at the memorial gym.
Supervisors are needed for each
activity and pay will be on an
honorarium system.
If any information is needed
about the co-rec program, go to
war memorial gym 202 and ask for
Barb. If after 5 p.m., call 228-0901.
If you need information about the
women's intramural program, go
to the same place and ask for
Men's intramural swim meet
starts noon Friday. The following
events will be run in heats: 50-
metre freestyle; 50-metre
backstroke; 50-metre butterfly and
50-metre breaststroke.
All 100-metre events and relay
heats go on at noon Tuesday.
the helpful bank
Dave Stewart, Manager
Terry Cotton, Loans
10th at Sasamat — 224-4348
lil Hill I    ill'     mi^W -     *mmz
UBC Curling
7 & 9:15 P.M. 24 mixed teams
9:15 P.M. 12 mixedteams
9:15 P.M.      12 men's teams
Curling Starts Oct. 1
Sign Up
Thurs. Sept. 20 in SUB 209
Mon. Sept. 24 in SUB 205
12:30 - 2:00 P.M.
The 1973 Midget is all sports
car. From its sporty bucket seats
Jto its mag type wheels and radial
ply tires! You simply can't buy
more sports car for the money!
3695W. 10th
Dealer lie. no. D1943
'iJ*"ii"y~iL ~fii'"ii'f"ii"u"(lf"ui*lii"ixi"i^"JQif"riJnij|-iui"i
—don peterson photo
FOOTBALL COACH Norm Thomas. . .gives players once over during
practice for game Saturday against Manitoba.
Pig chase Sunday
The first annual wart hog day contest occurs Sunday on the War
Memorial fields.
This is a joint project of the aggies and the intramural committee.
Wart hog day is held in conjunction with the Turkey Trot and is much
less strenuous. Hopefully, this will allow more participants.
Marie Swartz, sponsor of the new and unique event, said both sexes
would enjoy this sport imported from Manitoba.
"The object is simple," Marie said. "The team which captures the
biggest wart hog within half an hour wins."
Interested students should sign up before Friday as the number of
wart hogs needed must be decided soon. Serious players might invest
$1.70 at the bookstore and buy Greased Lightning by Albert Mudd. It is a
basic handbook for the uninitiated.
Come for lunch or supper
We're new & we're nearby
224-4218 or
We specialize in
Charcoal broiled
steaks, BBQ
chicken, spare^ PAMPUS
ribs&           /                     CAMPUS                      ^ opEN
Italian         f PIZZA & SPAGHETTI HOUSE  1 7 DAYS
dishes.          |       2136 Western Pkwy (in Village)       | A WEEK
PRESENTS:   this   year's   first  taping   of
live    Radio    Comedy"
SUB Movie Theatre - Wed., Sept. 26
SHOW BEGINS AT 12:30 Page  8
Thursday, September 20, 1973
The poor and super poor
Canadian University Press
Rich industrialists and community leaders have always
felt an urge if not to do something about poverty, at least to
rationalize it away.
And the Canadian Chamber of Commerce managed to
sum up these rationalizations in one neatly packaged
report, presented to the senate.committee on poverty in
1970. It said:
"The chamber's view of extensive social security
plans maintains that if you give a man enough money to
This is the first part of a two part
series on the poor in Canada.
subsist we believe generally you will destroy his incentive to work. In fact there are places which have
come to accept handouts as a way of life.
However the debate about incentive overlooks the'
real difficulty. And it is that if any group is assured
substantial welfare assistance without working for it, a
much larger proportion of the population whose efforts
society can't
—david phillips photo
. for this man, pigeons provide what
must support those on welfare out of their productive
efforts will eventually lose their incentive to labor.
Every industrially advanced society has adopted the
obligation to assist or provide for the less privileged.
But we must not overlook the fact that most people in
our society are capable of achieving such a standard by
their own efforts . . . Much can be said for the
inherently therapeutic value of, and strong need to,
The facts are unfortunately quite different.
The Economic Council of Canada defines poverty as:
"insufficient access to certain goods, services and conditions of life which are available to everyone else and have
come to be accepted as basic to a decent minimum standard of living."
Using such figures for a poverty line as $3,500 for a
family of four, they find that 4.5 million Canadians are poor.
If families who have an additional $10 a week income are
included as living in nearly impoverished conditions, approximately 40 per cent of all Canadians would qualify for
this subsistent existence.
But even the magnitude of these statistics cannot
communicate the suffering of poverty.
If you are born into the wrong family it means that you
probably will not attend school beyond grade 9. More than
one million Canadians are functionally illiterate. If you are
poor you will likely die early and receive substandard
medical and dental care all of your life. The Welfare
Council estimates that two-thirds of all poor children are
Your whole family, not possessing any legal knowledge
or funds, will inevitably be exploited by the credit unions
and businesses in your slum areas.
If you are an Indian, Metis or Eskimo the chances are
eight in 10 that you will live in utter deprivation without
running water or toilets.
Another 5.5 million Canadians live overcrowded,
degenerating dwellings.
One and one-half million of the poor are elderly and
more than three million women undergo the material lacks
and stigma of poverty.
Regions are not equally treated either.
More than half of the population of Newfoundland is
poor. Yet despite the higher rates of rural poverty, in Ontario, the wealthiest and most urbanized province, there
are more than one million poor.
The popular misconception of poverty is that it is the
result of an aimless disposition and a shiftless character.
Poor people are advertised as bad citizens and poor
examples. .
But the Economic Council of Canada has found that
three-quarters of the poor work full-time.
The majority of poor families, in fact, have two working
members. And of the remaining poor, who receive social
assistance as their main source of income, most are old,
handicapped, or women with children and no husbands.
Indeed the special senate committee on poverty
estimated that only 2 per cent of those on welfare are
"chiselers" actually avoiding employment. The poor are
not poor because of a refusal to work; they are poor despite
their willingness to work.
Poverty is not an individual matter — it is an
unavoidable trap. The Economic Council of Welfare has
predicted that 2,000,000 children today are destined to lead
adult lives in poverty.
And Leo Johnson, a historian at Waterloo University in
Ontario, has demonstrated that over the last generation
there was no change in the extent of poverty. In fact the gap
between the poor and wealthy has steadily widened. Even
the government locates the source of poverty within the
broader social and economic matrix.
This is strikingly evident in their attempts to reduce
inflation through the deliberate creation of unemployment.
So poverty is not merely an isolated or an unhappy
phenomenon. If instead of imitating the liberal academics
who study the personal characteristics of the poor, we investigate the causes of low-wages and unemployment, we
see there are obvious explanations of Canada's wide-spread
poverty. It is the poverty of capitalism.
In capitalist economies, two distinct sectors, a centre
and periphery economy, can be distinguished. The centre-
economy consists of high-wage, capital-intensive and
oligopolistic corporations. The periphery economy consists
of low-wage, labor-intensive, highly-competitive business.
Usually high-wage industry is associated with a high
investment of capital in machinery and technology rather
than in labor. Therefore, wages in these industries do not
constitute a substantial portion of the costs of production.
Because such enterprises require tremendous initial
outlays of capital and detailed long-range planning, the
high-wage sector is controlled by one or only a few large
corporations. In Canada they are mostly American owned,
that is automobile industry (97 per cent), petroleum and
natural gas industries (62 per cent), mining industry (52 per
cent) and agricultural machinery (50 per cent).
Demands for higher wages by workers can be easily
absorbed as the extra costs are simply passed on to the
consumer in the form of price increases.
It is generally more expedient for these companies to
jack up their prices than to engage in costly labor disputes
which result in the inefficient useage of their capital investment.
Because of the technological requirements of these
industries, the proportion of skilled to unskilled workers is
high. Workers are relatively well-organized into unions and
derive correspondingly high wages and fringe-benefits.
However, in particular cases corporations will combat
strikes by shifting sites of production or outlasting their
These firms'  huge  profits  are mostly retained for
technological expansion.
This drives the stock value of the shares upwards,
making a profit for the share-holders, as well as
monopolizing the financial market, making it difficult for
those industries in the low-wage sector to attract enough
capital to expand.
In times of recession, those areas of high-wage industry
which produce expensive materials used in personal consumption or corporation expansion are forced to cut back
on production and lay off workers. Particularly hard hit are
the construction industry, consumer-durables, and the
machine-producing areas.
The low-wage sector is composed of those industries in
which the cost of production is heavily dependent on labor
cost. Wages, for instance, in the clothing, textile, wood and
leather industries are usually very close to the minimum
wage level and in many areas studied in Ontario, actually
below $1.25 per hour.
There is less need for capital outlay and industries of this
nature can be more easily started, expanded and cut-down.
Hence, there is much more competition which is further
increased by the relatively small politcal leverage these
firms possess in influencing the government to restrict
foreign competitors in the same area.
In order for these industries to survive they must ensure
that salaries and fringe benefits are as low as possible:
Wages and fringe benefits are also low because of the
union weaknesses in these industries.
There are several reasons for this.
Government legislation is biased against multi-unit
Thus, workers are forced to bargain with the particular
plants in which they work rather than with the larger
corporation which the plant represents or with other
workers with similar jobs.
outside of the Canadian economy.
—david phillips photo
most   are   on   the
The relatively small number of workers in each unit
combines with the industry's antagonistic union policies to
inhibit the development of effective worker organizations.
Because of the low wages and low potential for union
dues, unions often do not consider it worth their efforts or
within their own financial capabilities to organize the
massive sort of campaign  required  in  this  particular w
worker's environment.
Because of the susceptibility of these industries to
market or technological changes, there are frequent
economic dislocations, plant shut-downs and job lay-offs.
More than 16,000 Ontario workers alone were thrown out of
a job in 1970-71. It is in this sector of the economy that the
majority of the unskilled who will be unemployed for part of
the year, approximately 15 per cent of the Canadian work
force, will enter in and out. */
Continued next issue.


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