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The Ubyssey Mar 11, 1997

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Array ■ft
volume 78, issue 39
women s
spicy since 1918 Classifieds
Accommodations/For Rent
Accommodation available in the
UBC Winter Session single student
Rooms are available in the UBC
single student residences for
qualified women and men student
applications. Single and shared
rooms in both "room only' and
"room and board" residences are
available. Vacancies can be rented
for immediate occupancy in the
Walter H. Gage. Fairview Crescent
Totem Park. Place Vanier. and
Ritsumeikan - UBC House
Please contact the UBC Housing
Office in Brock Hall for information
on rates and availability. The
Housing Office is open from 8:30
am - 4:00 pm weekdays, or call
822-2811 during office hours.
* Availability may be limited for
some residence areas and room
Pledged and didnt like it? Start
your own fraternity! Zeta Beta Tau
is looking for men to start a new
chapter. If you are interested in
academic success, a chance to
network and an opportunity to
make friends in a non-pledging
brotherhood, e-mail zbt@zbtna
tional.org or call Bret Hrbek at
Accommodations Wanted
Are you moving out of a 2 bdrm.
apt. in a house? Rent is between
$750-900. dog ok. Has garage.
West Side pref. May 1st or June 1st
occupancy. Reward $75. Call Dan
Employment Opportunities
Summer jobs! Now hiring painters
and job-site managers. Some
experience preferred. Vehicle an
asset. Wages range from $8-$17
per hour. Work begins in the
Spring. Contact Paul at Alumni
Painters ©983-2970 or fax resume
to Paul ©985-2885.
Word Processing/
Word processing/typing. 20 years
experience. APA specialist, laser
printer, student rates. Tel: 228
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
Info call 688-5303
UBC Young Conservatives Present
Alberta Election Night Party!
Tues.. Mar. 11 -Tonight!
6:30-9:30. International House Pub
All people of all political prefer
ences welcome!
Every Friday, for
UBC Students Only
Wednesday at Noon
Throwing like an athlete
by Jennifer Wiebe and Amanda Kobler
The sporting world proudly establishes and
maintains (male) standards of athleticism
where masculine strength, speed and
endurance are unquestionably upheld as Uie
ultimate standard. It is a system which perpetuates sexism; a system wilhin which
women are viewed as second-class compeli-
tors. Women have attempted to challenge their
own position, within this system, and have
been successful in many ways. That is, we see
the gap between men's and women's performances rapidly narrowing, evidenced by Tracy
Wyckman, who swam Uie 400 meter freestyle
faster man Mark Spitz swam it in 1968, Nancy
Lieberman, who, by her incredible abilities, "revolutionized" women's basketball to become comparable in strategy and style to
Uie men's game, and others.
However, women and men
have not truly challenged the nature of a system which holds
masculine standards as tne standards and have not come to a
place, in theory or in practice,
where women's sport is evaluated as something worthwhile in
its own right as an autonomous
and meaningful sphere of human experience.
Sports scientists are finally
saying that Uie differences measured between the strength, endurance and agility of men and
women are attributable to func
tional differences, thai is, how
much or how litUe activity women experience as they grow up,
and are not due to some innate,
biological, genetic inferiority of
women. So that, by the time
most girls become adults, their
physical capabilities have become limited because of social
and cultural restrictions regarding the types of activities deemed
"appropriate" for them, not because of any inherent female
Though this may be acknowledged among
some communities of academics and some
(perhaps fewer) communities of athletes, it is
not the prevalent attitude demonstrated by
many coaches and participants, and is not
reflected in financial and media recognition.
The assumption that "good" performance is
characteristic of male athletes and female ath
letic performance is inferior underlies accusations of a player "throwing like a girl" and the
sex-testing of successful female athletes.
Martina Navratilova symbolized the advances
women had made in the athletic world and
more broadly in traditionally male activities
involving money and power. At Uie same time,
she was criticized for being an "amazon",
butch lesbian who had an unfair and unnatural advantage over the other "normal" women
players. So, in this system, the cost off tossing
of the cloak of "B" rated athleticism (being an
"athlete-ette") and achieving some measure of
"success" is, at Uie least, to have your feminine
identity and sexual activity critically scrutinized.
JOANNE MALAR, Canadian record holder and Olympic team swimmer.
Another strange paradox is found in the age
old rationale for the prohibition against contact sports for females. The assumption (was)
that women will irreparably damage, among
other things, their naturally protected reproductive organs, whereas the fact that the
exposed male genitals have to be protected is
never considered problematic. This, though,
demonstrates Uie nature of the biological-
delerminist debale. Whoever is the dominant
party can twist biology to suit almost any rationalization for keeping another group
oppressed. Some people don't even attempt a
rationalization. Walter Byers, a past NCAA
executive director who denounced legislation
that would reduce inequality between women
and men in sports, simply stated that "men's
programs would suffer irreparable damage if
forced to endure budget cuts, scholarship
reductions and loss of other resources that
would go toward support of women's athletics."
Restrictions on opportunities for participation including inequality of resources and
deliberate prohibition, that at
times verges on Uie illegal, is an
issue that needs to be
addressed. But, this may be an
irrelevant issue in Uie broader
sense of a feminist effort to end
sexist oppression. That is,
improving women's place within a male system, generally and
sport-specifically, does not
address Uie underlying assumption that there is one, "right"
standard by which an athletic,
or any other, endeavor is judged
and does not provide a place in
which girls and women who
wish to do so can explore their
athletic potential without threat
to Uieir feminine identity or
without exposure to illegitimate
and irrelevant comparisons.
A deconstruction of this system might have to precede a
new system. This new system
would not hold male performance and male sports as the
objective criterion of success,
and would not dichotomize
sport, necessarily, by gender,
assuming one inferior to Uie
other. It might be a system in
which psychological and social
impediments to women as full
athletes are removed, where
fear and hostility directed
against physically strong, aggressive, independent , and confident women is dissipated and
performance is limited only by imagination,
determination, and nerve.
Information gathered from Coming On
Strong: Gender and Sexuality in 20th-century
Women s Sport by Susan K. Kahn and Female
Athlete by Anne Popma. 9
A free seminar presented by the
Canadian Intellectual Property Office and PATSCAN
Wed. 12 March, 1997
7:00 PM to 9:30 PM
Woodward Theatre No. 3,
Instructional Resources bldg., UBC
Joe Willmott, WTD Management.
"Effective new-product development tactics are critical to
the growth and survival of any company manufacturing
goods for consumer or industrial markets."
Previously CEO of a US
manufacturing enterprise,
Mr. Willmott has since managed
product launches, mergers,
business start-ups, and acquisitions. He is currently involved
in several BC-based junior
companies marketing
new technologies.
The seminar will appeal to
students, entrepreneurs,
inventors and officers of small
companies wishing to learn the
basics of new-product development.
Editorial elections
A question an answer period will follow the presentation. For
more information phone PATSCAN at 822-5404 or fax 822-9532. E-
Mail rsimmer@unixg.ubc.ca or visit our web page at
the ubyssey
"Editorial canrjdates must be
voting members of staff
'Voting will take place from March 31 to April 6
Editorial position job descriptions
General duties of editors: Edrtors are responsble for
the orderly day-tcxJay operation of the newspaper;
reouitmem and training of new volunteers; coordinat-
ing assignments; participating in the general upkeep
and maintenance of the office space, files, etc attending all meetings and keeping regular office hours
The coordinating editor: shall prepare agendas for staff
meetings, sit on the board of directors, act as an intermediary between staff and the business office
Two (2) news editors shall assign and
ensure the completion of at least three (3)
news articles per issue
The arts and culture editor shall assign and
ensure the completion of at least two (2)
culture stories per Issue
The sports editor shall monitor and coorrj-
nate coverage of sporting events and sports-
related activities on campusThe rational/features
editor shall be responsible for ensuring the completion of at least ore (1) feature arfde per
week; shall seek out and facilitate exchanges of
news and other information with other members of
the student press; and ensue a balanced quality and
quantity of coverage among all departments, in conjunction with those department heads.
The production coordinator, shall facilitate and coordi-
nate the design and rjrodudion of all editions of 77je
Ubyssey, shall be familiar with and train staff in the
use of Ire Ubyssey ecfjipment, and to ensure that
such equipment is in good supply and working order.
The photo coordinator shall coordinate the availability
and quality of photos for all edrdons of 77ie Ubyssey in
consultation with other departments
Position papers deadlines:
Friday, March 24,1997
at 8:00 am ubyssey
MARCH 11, 1997 • volume 78 issue 39
Editorial Board
Special Issue Coordinators
Faith Armitage and Richelle Rae
Coordinating Editor
Scott Hayward
Ian Gum and Sarah O'Donnell
Peter T, Chattaway
Wolf Depner
Federico Araya Barahona
Richard Urn
Joe Clark
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
the Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views o* The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University ot
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The
Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the
expressed, written permission of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority
will be given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is
time senstitive. Opinion pieces will not
be run until the identity of the writer has
been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
G138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301  fax:822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Advertising Manager
James Rowan
Tattoo needles in hcnri, Alison Cole
joined Sarah 0 Donnell who was marching
madly into the storm. Hurricane Elsa Roque
raged up the roast, obliterating the Namiko
Kunimoto Starr in the night sky, as red
leaves whirled around Federico Barahona.
Cecelia Parsons was div:ng through the
pages other book. Lawn Prain andjessnick
Nan Morrison drew their pens. Tara
Murphy and Shelly Gornall rolled some
film. While Andrea Breau dithered and spit,
Joe Clark smoothed Ian Gunn Glitter
Hairgoop into his coif Peter T Chatlawav
slumbered on unphased by Sarah Galashan
iactating languidly, AJwavs willing to lend a
hand, Theresa Chahover delivered a wee
bairn; Wolf Depner and Richard Lam set to
work, finding a bed and snacks for the new
arrival. Jennifer Wiebe and Amanda Kobler
were throwing like athletes. Emilys Mak and
Reid (led in horror from Pennv "The
Steriliser" Cholmondley but it was all in
vain: Lisa Chen-Wing, Rose, and Andea Gin
set her Scott Hayward on Ihe hapless pair.
Stanley Tromp ed angrily on Faith
Armitage's camera, jealous of Richelle Rae's
successful modeling debut.
When it's Not a Matter of Choice
by Penny Cholmondeley
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
Everyday in SouLheasL Asia unsuspecting
women are rounded up like cattle and sterilised. Government and military officials are
the henchmen of strict policies designed to
limit population growth. It's an ethical war,
where the fight is between population control
and human rights.
For women made to suffer through forced
abortions and sterilisation, the implementation of an aggressive government policy for
controlling population isn't merely about economics and demographics. It's about pain
and the loss of personal freedoms.
China stands accused of some of the
most severe human rights violations against
women, resulting from
its infamous "one-
child" policy.
Instigated in 1979,
the policy was designed
to reduce China's population growth to one
percent by 1980. In
return for compliance,
the Peking government
rewards families with
cash payments, free
schooling and access to
preferred housing. The
system is based on a
"reward and punishment" philosophy, and
those who go against
the policy, intentionally
or not, face reductions
in salary, increased
medical costs, and a
decrease in housing
space. In a country
where overcrowding
has become critical,
these "punishments"
can be economically
In its defense, the
Chinese government
claims that curbing its
exploding population is
necessary to improve
living standards. Yet its
policy has been met
with desperate resistance, and many
refugees have fled to
Canada and the US. to
avoid forced abortions
and sterilisation. They
have found little help.
Despite US legislation
granting asylum to
refugees fleeing the
threat of forced sterilisation and abortions,
many refugees remain
in prison, their voices
Atrocities also occur in Tibet under a similar 'two-child' policy.
According to human rights groups Free
Tibet and The International Campaign to Free
Tibet, women and young girls are caught up
in a genocide againsl the Tibetan people by
the Chinese government. The August 1995
National Report on Tibetan Women states that
rural areas are most vulnerable, as women
are targeted by mobile birth control units that
comb the countryside performing mass sterilisation and abortions. An estimated 764
women of child bearing age were sterilized in
the Zachu district in 1987.
East Timor has been witness to similar
horrors in the hands of die Indonesian gov
ernment. The East Timor International News
Summary claims that since 1985, birth control "safaris" of government and military officials, use threats of violence to coerce women
into receiving Norplant. Procedures are usually performed while women are sedated
for different operations, or immediately after
giving birth.
Birth control injections are also given to
young girls who aren't capable of refusing, or
women misled into believing they're being
inoculated. Sterilisation and abortions can be
fatal, as they're frequendy performed using
crude methods and without adequate medical
It would be naive to believe that such abuses are only a problem in Asian nations.
Brazilian women live in fear of concealed and
forced operations. Trusting women agree to
procedures due to ignorance, deception and
desperate need. According to The Montreal
Gazette, women seeking employment are
often forced to take pregnancy tests as part of
the interview process; some companies later
coerce employees into undergoing steriliza
tion procedures. It was reported that 7.5 million women in Brazil have been subjected to
clandestine sterilisation during cesarean
operations. Many women are still unaware of
what has been done to them.
Canada and the United States aren't free of
the disgrace of human rights abuses, as issues
in eugenics and coercive population control
are firmly rooted in our recent past. Both governments devised policies aimed at removing
"undesirables" from the population.
One woman was recendy awarded a
$750,000 settlement in a lawsuit against the
Alberta government. Under the "Sexual
Sterilization Act," Leilani Muri was sterilised
without her consent while residing at a
provincial school for the mentally disabled. A
NFB documentary The Sterilization of Leilani
Muri," examines her case and the act which
allowed, until 1972, the Alberta government
to forcibly sterilize 3000 individuals amongst
the mentally ill, unwed mothers, Native
women and the poor.
In the US., coercive birth control became
an issue in the early 1990's, after the FDA
approval of Norplant. According to the ACUU
Reproductive Freedom Project, the United
States government considered mandating the
use of Norplant in women convicted of drug
and child abuse, and women receiving welfare. Female abusers would be given the
choice between Norplant and prison, and
women on welfare would receive financial
incentives to receive the drug. Rejected as
both unconstitutional and discriminatory,
these measures intended to coerce women
who may not have been in a position to refuse
into taking birth control. By targeting only
women, Lhe responsibility of men in birth
control is neglected.
Responding to criticism, the UN attempted
to deal with these issues at the Fourth
Conference on Women
in Beijing in 1995. The
theme was Women's
Rights as Human Righls
and for the first time the
UN put into writing that
women have Lhe righl to
reproductive freedom.
"The State of World
Population" prepared by
the UNPF in 1995 promotes a combination of
reproductive education,
the empowerment of
women and improved
health care as a. more
appropriate strategy for
dealing with population
Progress has yet to be
seen. While these declarations represent a positive step, the Conference
and its Platform For
Action have come under
attack by many human
rights groups including
Amnesty International,
whose Media Guide
to the Conference criticises the omission of
many widespread abuses against women and
the failure to make
strong recommendations at the international
level. Tragically, proposals made by the PFA are
only guidelines for governments, who can
reject propositions they
don't wish to follow.
Many actions of the UN
itself perpetuate the
systematic abuse of
women, as the World
Bank and the UNPF continue to supply offending nations with the
funds needed to carry
out inhumane policies. These misguided
actions mock all claims made in support of
women's rights.
Canada and the United States carry their
own weight of guilt, remaining idle when presented with evidence of gross human rights
abuses. The US maintains a trade status of
"Most-Favored-Nation" with the Chinese government, and Indonesia remains Canada's
largest trade parlner in Southeast Asia. Later
this year the President of the Republic of
Indonesia will arrive, on the invitation of the
Canadian government, in Vancouver where
he will be received with honors. His warm
reception will stand as callous disregard for
lhe suffering of women, and as an insult to
Canadian integrity.
Coercive population policies infringe upon
the most basic of human rights, including (to
mention only a few) the right to bodily security, freedom from cruel or degrading treatment, and the right to privacy and information. Any government that tortures and abuses women and unborn chddren has no real
understanding of population. 9 AMS
brought •*- to you   by  you
Apply Now!
Cool Jobs at the
So you need a job over the summer and during the
school yearPBut you want a job that will challenge
your skills, help you gain new ones, and allow you to
assist other UBC students. Well look no further — the AMS
is proud to announce the following openings in its student
Position: Director of AMS Tutoring Services
• supervise the AMS Tutoring Services Program
• plan new programs for upcoming terms, including
scheduling and booking SUB tutoring rooms, Dene
Lounge in Totem Park and Netinfo Terminal
• maintain overall payroll
• design promotional materials
• advertise tutoring service sessions on available outlets
• advertise and interview applicants for Netinfo Assistants
and Course Tutor positions
• liaise with AMS JobLink to maintain the Tutor Registry
• Periodically conduct and prepare program evaluations
• Working knowledge of word-processing and UBC 's
Netinfo System
• Ability to work under minimum supervision
• Must be a registered UBC student for the 1997/98
academic year
• Previous related work experience an asset
Position: Director, AMS Ombudsoffice
• experience in conflict resolution, mediation and university
• Excellent written and verbal communication skills
• supervisory or managerial experience is an asset
• Knowledge about the Ombudsoffice
• Experience in advising students
• Flexible, responsible and able to listen to both sides of a
story while maintaining neutrality
Also to be hired: 2 Ombudsoffice assistants
Position: Director, AMS Orientations
• promotion of the Orientations program to prospective
• hiring and training of staff
• coordination of high school information sessions and
tours of campus
• managing a budget
• extensive interaction with new students
• strong organizational skills
• excellent verbal and written communication skills
• confidence and ability in public speaking
• be sensitive to the concerns of new students
• knowledgeable and involved with the university
Also to be hired: Orientations Assistant
Posmon:Director, JobLink
Responsibilities include:
• organizing the transition from summer program to the
academic year
• managing and hiring staff
• aclministration of office operation, finances and policy
• preparing statistics and periodic reports
• initiating marketing and promotional activities
Be on the lookout for
Safewalk Volunteers who are
now walking the campus and
offering walks to students.
Safewalk volunteers can be
identified by their Safewalk
jackets and will be carrying a
flashlight and hand radios
• conducting and organizing student information seminarsj
regarding employment issues
• liaising with students, the AMS and the local employment
• Experience in Human Resources, Marketing and Media
• ability to work effectively with students, employers and staff
• ability to manage office staff and volunteers
• strong organizational and computer skills
• extensive knowledge of the AMS and UBC
• must be innovative, a self starter with excellent interpersonal
Also to be hired: 2 JobLink assistants
Position: Director, Safewalk
• organization and management of all aspects of the volunteer
team, including training, screening, etc.
• serve as a student representative of campus safety concerns
on several university and AMS committees
• aclministration of the program, including budgeting,
records, documentation and addressing various legalities.
• previous experience with Safewalk and/or a similar program
is essential
• availability during the summer months for organizing and
planning is an asset
• strong organizational skills are essential
Position: Director, SpeakEasy
Responsibilities include:
• manage the InfoDesk in SUB over the summer (full-time)
• plan for Winter Session 97/98
• successful planning and direction, including volunteer
management for 70 volunteers, training, budget and administration
• self motivated, willing to learn, strong organizational skills,
time manangement skills
• strong stress coping mechanism
• prior experience as a peer counsellor, knowledge ofthe
nature of crisis centres, particularly Speakeasy, is needed.
Also to be hired: Speakeasy/Infodesk Assistant
Position: Director, AMS Volunteer Services
• prepare and manage a budget
• public relations development with non-profit agencies in the
community and other volunteer centres
•maintain the Volunteer Services membership system with
agencies in the community
• develop organizational systems and technology that will
assist in the efficient operation of the volunteer interview/-
referral process and office in general
• select, train and manage an executive team of volunteers and
their working groups
• ensure the successful execution of the annual Volunteer Fair
and all other special events
• act as a support to working groups, executives and referral
volunteers and their special projects
• ensure the continued maintenance and development of the
AMS Volunteers Services web site
• experience as a manager of volunteers
• experience in a volunteer centre
• demonstrated ability in administration and human resources
• voluntary experience with an organization in the community
and/or within the university
• strong skills in public relations and organizational ability
• computer programming skills an asset
• theoretical knowledge of volunteer management
• demonstrated strong leadership qualities
• knowledge ofthe infrastructure ofthe AMS and/or
previous experience with the AMS
Position: Director, AMS Student Discounts
• Hold regular office hours (at least 3 hours per day, prefer;
during lunch hours) to be accessible for student groups
Office hours will be utilized for placing orders, artwork
designing, and consultation.
• Placing and picking orders with various clothing wholesalers
screen printers, and embroidery companies.
• Accounting and all promotion campaigns involved.
• Delegating responsibilities to assistants and delivery
• This student service is very work intensive, applicants must
be hard working, dedicated, and has flexible working hours.
• Good communication and leadership skills.
• Accounting, marketing, logistics background an asset.
• Artwork designing ability not necessary but an asset.
• Retail experience an asset
• The wage is based on commission sales.
Position: Director, Used Bookstore
• complete operation ofthe used bookstore
• preparation and setting-up during summer and Christmas
• manage the bookstore's finances
• operate the Book Consignment System database program
(training provided)
• hire and manage staff members
• administration of logistical supplies
• production of advertisement
• bookstore inventory
• Excellent managerial and organizational skills
• Financial accountability
• Personnel management
• Some computing skills
• Ability to work under stress
• Ability- to work in a fast-paced environment
• Some sales experience
• Responsible, hardworking, energetic, sociable
Detailed job descriptions are available in SUB 238. Please submit a resume and cover letter no later than noon (12:00 pm) on
Thursday, March 20th, 1997 to:
Philip Ledwith
Chair, Services and Appointments Advisory Committee
c/o SUB Room 238
For more information, please contact Ruta Fluxgold, AMS
Vice President, at 822-3092, email at vicepres@ams.ubcc
or drop by SUB Room 248.
AMS Volunteer
Open House
SUB Concourse
All Day!
UBC Life Drawing
12:30 pm to 2:15 pm
Only $3.00 drop in or $20 per J|||itt
Email carmenn@unixg.ubc.ca for
more info
Pride UBC Bzzr Garden
4pm to 8pm
Hypnotist, Leigh
will mesmerize y«l
9:30 pm
Come early!
Carpark in the
C.K. Choi Building
Asian Street Foods
11:00 am to 2:00 pm
Call 822-4688 for more info!
Cheap Tuesdays at
Your AMS Food Outlets!
Discounts at The Pendulum,
Squared, The Gallery Lounge, Snack
Attack and more!
Would you like to see your event
here? Call Faye Samson, AMS
Communications Coordinator at
822-1961 for more info! THE UBYSSEY WOMEN'S ISSUE
TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1997   5
by Sarah O'Donnell
As an antipoverty activist, Alice Kendall
moved out west from Ontario with the belief
she was moving to a better place. What she
saw when she arrived shocked her.
"What I have discovered in this short time
is that not even Mike Harris and his pals
could dream up a way of further punishing
and pushing people into poverty as has Glen
Clark and his entourage," she explained.
"The difference: Mike Harris is identified
as the oppressor. Glen Clark on the other
hand will seek your support as your
ally while making  decisions  that
destroy   what   we   have   already
Kendall, who is now affiliated
with the Vancouver Status of
Women, was just one in a diverse
group of women that included Kelly
White ofthe Coast Salish Nation and
Maggie Blaney from the Canadian
Labour Congress, who spoke at
Saturday's International Women's
Day rally.
International Women's day,
Kendall said, is not just a celebration. It is as political as it was 87
years ago when delegates of the
Women's Socialist International
protested against low wages, long
working hours and inhumane working conditions.
And true to Kendall's words, participants in this year's IWD march
proudly showed their political
stripes on the steps of Vancouver's
public library, carrying banners for organisations like the
Vancouver Status of Women, Vancouver Rape Relief,
Radical Women, the Downtown Eastside Residents
Association and the anti-APEC coalition.
Despite the rally's theme of "Women Moving Forward
Together," the political schism between pro-choice support
ers and anti-abortionists made this year's rally unique.
According to IWD organisers, the anti-abortionists
weren't welcome. Joan Robillard, one of the event organisers, told The Ubyssey she made a conscious decision to
make this year's march a pro-choice event.
"It's actually, maybe for the wrong reasons or the right
reasons, stimulated a lot of the organising. Unfortunately
the anti-abortionists managed to get a table at last year's
information events...so this year we wanted to make sure
that they weren't [at the march)."
"They've affected us in that we've had to be aware of
them, but in another way it's created a lot of solidarity and
some waking up in terms of taking stock of the backlash
that there is against women and women's rights," she said.
" Clair Robillard, who was MCing this year's rally, even
asked the crowd if the placard-wearing anti-abortionists
were welcome at the rally. She received a resounding no.
"It has been exhilarating to see so much interest and
enthusiasm, but it also indicates the need for organisational clarity and understanding the foundation upon which
women make social progress and defining what IWD has
meant in the past, the present, around the world and in
Organisers said they have now decided to establish a
permanent IWD committee, and will solicit the widest possible input from women outside the right-wing.
"There are no guarantees that this will be a tea party,
unless you're thinking of Boston," she said.
Most women, however, were content to think about participating in this year's march and reflect on the meaning
of International Women's Day.
Dawn Oleman, who was participating in IWD for the
first time with a group of First Nations women, said she
Int'l Women's Day highlights
political diversity
heard about the event from her step-mother.
"I felt beautiful when I woke up this
morning and the whole reason for that is
because it makes me want to cry when a
bunch of women want to get together and
support each other. When they get together
in smaller social groups it's harder to find
that support, but when you're here it's solid
and it's real." 9
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None of the anti-abortionists left, however.
The other outstanding feature of this year's event was
the number of women involved in the organising.
"In previous years we've had an average of seven to ten
women," said Robillard. "This year there have been 30 to
40 women at each organising meeting, consequendy the
number of points of view have increased dramatically.
A RAINBOW COALITION of women stand together celebrate International Women's day in Vancouver.
Breastfeeding case goes before human rights commission
 by Sarah Galashan
Six years after her employer told not to
breastfeed her daughter at work, Michelle
Poirier is still fighting to make breastfeeding in the workplace a legal right.
In a hearing that began March 6, Poirier
charged her former employer, the Ministry
of Municipal Affairs, with sex discrimination. Her pioneering efforts to have the case
heard by the BC Human Rights Commission
will determine if women have the right to
breastfeed their children at work.
As a speech writer for the ministry,
Poirier regularly breastfed her child at her
desk over the lunch hour. And initially, she
said, she felt her colleagues accepted the
situation. "It hadn't been a problem.
Everyone around me was really supportive
and enthusiastic," Poirier told The
After breastfeeding at one of the ministry's public lunch-hour seminars, however, tension developed. Poirier was asked
not to attend upcoming lectures, and told
not to bring her child to work because it
made some staff feel uncomfortable.
"The beauty about having my child
brought to my desk was that if I had a deadline I could delay my lunch, pick up my
child and breastfeed while I was working,"
said Poirier.
As a result, the former ministry employee—whose job change was in no way connected to her allegations of sex discrimination—was forced to take her infant to restaurants or shopping malls over the lunch
This, she said, was often an unpleasant
experience. "I was in the Eaton's cafe and
an elderly woman came up to me and
shouted ' you should be doing that in the toilet'."
Despite people's hostility towards public
breastfeeding, Poirier said, the benefits for
her child made the experience "unquestionably worth it."
"As far as I'm concerned there is no comparison between breastmilk and formula.
This is a health issue," Poirier said, "and for
me it was choosing between health and
INFACT Canada, a non-profit organisation that protects, supports and promotes
breastfeeding, backs Poirier.
According to INFACT, breastmilk can
protect infants from infection and reduce a
breastfeeding woman's chances of developing breast cancer.
However, INFACT feels this natural form
of child nutrition is still not widely accepted, despite the health benefits.
"We've sexualized breasts so much in
this culture," said Jean Geary, fundraiser for
INFACT Canada. "It's got to the point where
to expose your breasts for sexual purposes
is perfectiy fine, but to expose your breasts
to love and nurture your child is seen as disgusting."
Poirier anticipates the hearings will take
some time to be resolved but is anxious for
an outcome that will affect the rights of all
Canadian women. "I don't think women
should ever have to chose between the
health of their child and a paid job," she
BC midwives ready for birth of a profession
Canada is one of the few industrialised countries not to
recogni.se midwives as legitimate medical professionals.
But that will all change within months, in BC at least if
the provincial Ministry of Health has its way.
Theresa Chaboyer explains.
large have very litde experience of what midwifery care involves, but I think as women
become more aware of il as an option, Lhey
find it attractive," she said.
Bush herself decided to become a midwife
after her own birthing experience. "I became a
midwife primarily as a result of my first child's
birth which was a conventional hospital birth
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Even as an obstetrics nurse, Deb
Little was unhappy with the way
the medical establishment treated pregnant women. So she
exchanged her nurses' cap for a
midwifery license in an attempt
to make up for the gaps she saw
in the health care system.
"Women weren't being treated and receiving the care lhat I
thought they should be getting,"
said Little, who is now the director of the BC Women's Hospital
midwifery praclice.
"Physicians, I think, agree
with us that there is a better way
to care for these women, and
within the traditional system
physicians are unable to provide
the type of care thai is required."
The point of midwifery, she
explained, is to "to reduce intervention and to have a more satisfied woman wilh her birth experience."
And within a few months, midwifery will
finally be legally integrated into the health care
system as part of the provincial government's
new, more holistic approach to health.
John Kay, communications officer
for the Ministry of Health, said Lhe
legalisaLion of midwifery is pari of a
growing trend wilhin the province's
health services. "We have traditionally grown up with a health care system
that has been built on hospital-based
acute care and physician services. We
are now moving into a phase where
Medicare is expanding well beyond
that; we are really looking across the
board at a shift into alternative methods of care," he said.
And while BC midwives are happy
to hear they will finally have legal
recognition, they say it has been a
long time coming.
Camille Bush, who is also a practicing midwife, said the slow sanctioning
of midwifery is primarily due lo misconceptions and a lack of exposure.
"North American women by and
ofthe 1970s," she explained.
Under Little's command, the midwifery
unit at BC Women's Hospital recognises the
woman as the primary decision maker;
women are encouraged to actively participate
and make choices about the -way care is provided Lhroughoul their pregnancies, birth and
postpartum experiences.
A good candidate for the use of Lhe midwifery service, said LiLtle, is a woman who
would like to stay home in labour as long as
possible, would really like to try and avoid having medications during lhe birth and labour,
would like the least intervention at the birlh as
possible and would like to go home as soon as
possible after lhe birlh.
Allhough lhe midwives at the hospital currendy only provide hospital-based services and
are not allowed to head the deliver}- team, they
will soon have the same privileges as doctors
during delivery.
"The midwife will be able to acl the same as
a doctor in terms of being able to provide
instructions to nursing staff and others in the
care of her patients," Kay said.
Clients of midwives wdl still have to consult
with a general practitioner in the first
trimester. But after lhal, lhe midwife is only
required to defer to the doctor if the pregnancy
is deemed to be high risk.
Some doctors, however, are not entirely
comfortable wilh lhe change, despite lhe fact
thai Kay insists lhe ministry has received support from the BC Medical Association.
Obstetrician Dr. Jack Burak said ten years
ago he would have said "absolutely no" to the
legalisation of midwifery. But after
years of working wilh midwives at
the Women's Hospital, Burak said
he now recognises Lheir value in
lhe hospital setting. He is, however, still concerned about mid-
wives' roles in home birlhs. "I do
nol feel home births are safe
because problems develop very
quickly during the birthing
process that you can not predict,"
he explained.
Even though LitUe said she has
no doubt that home birlhs will be
legalised, a Home Demonstration
Project is being conducted to
assess not only whether home
births should occur, but "how they
will occur and what services need
to be put in place to make sure that
home births can occur in a safe
and effective way."
BC's midwives still have a battle
to fight when it comes to credentials. Both Little and Bush had to go
outside the province to obtain their license;
Little went to school in Scotland and Bush was
licensed in Washington state.
According to Kay, most of Uie midwives currently practising in BC will be automatically
licensed when the bylaws are passed since
their licenses from other countries or
provinces will be recognised. But since many
midwives have been trained by apprenticing
with a practicing midwife, Kay said the
province recognised the need for its own fair
evaluation and licensing process.
"All aspiring midwives or those requesting
licenture need to complete an examination
that determines who is ready for licenture or
who requires additional training," he
To be eligible for the exam the applicant
must be a graduate of midwifery education or
have the clinical experience of attendance at
least 60 births and the primary birther al at
least 40 of them.
The educational standards for BC midwives
are still being negotiated by lhe College of
Midwives and the Ministry of Education, Skdls
and Training.9
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Managing Your Future TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1997
Model behaviour from behind the scenes
by Richelle Rae
She is beautiful; there's no denying it.
The first time I met Allison Beda was in an elevator in
Hotel Vancouver on my way to New Filmmakers Day. She
wasn't wearing any make-up or trendy clothes. I remember
staring at her, squirming in my "Simple" runners and
chewing off the lipstick on my lips. This is not an uncommon reaction to Allison; she used to be a model. Today she
is a documentary filmmaker.
Allison didn't notice me in the elevator, even though it
was     just
Allison Beda spent four years
of her life in front
of the camera,
strolling down
runways and
looking pretty.
the two of
u s — s h e
had important things
on her
mind. She
was on her
way to
"pitch" her
film to a
group of
panelists at
New Filmmakers Day. The film Allison was pitching is
a documentary she's been working on for the
past two years called How To Be A Model.
Like many young women graduating from high
school, Allison didn't know what she wanted to di >
"After I finished high school I went to UBC lm
two years.to work on my bachelor's degree. I ilidn
know what my major was going to be and I thoiii'hl
figure it out, I'll figure it out' It never happened, -n I ilci id
ed to drop out. I had the opportunity to go to I'uiuiiLu lu
model. So I thought I'll do this.' During that time I was trying to figure out what I wanted to do. Sort of eliminating
What started as a modeling gig in Toronto ended up
being four years of Alison's life where she got to travel the
world, make money and grow up. Filmmaking was still a
long way into her future.
"I had no idea when I started modeling. I started quite
late, when I just finished high school. It was just something
that was fascinating for me 'cause I was a real tomboy. It
was like trying to be a girl. It was a very stereotypical feminine thing to do. At one point I was even considering fashion design. Eventually I realised I needed to find something
that I could do for the rest of my life."
Allison decided to quit modeling. She spent her last year
as a model working on a portfolio so she could get into film
"1 applied to the film programs at SFU and UBC. I got
accepted into both. I talked to a bunch of people when I got
accepted and they said that UBC was more commercial and
that SFU was experimental. It sounded like SFU was where
I should be."
Experimental is a good name for the film Allison made
while she was at SFU. JBe Zero Be is a short film shot in
black and white that is reminiscent of early Degas films, full
of interesting textures and odd composition. Allison's film
aired on a WTN series called Shameless Shorts.
A   w i ritftfVWI^IlippfSVt'ti n"i t y
After graduating from film school Allison had a chance to
do what she's wanted to do for a long time - make a film
about modeling.
"When I was modeling people would ask me stupid or
insulting questions about it. There was this polarity: people
would think that modeling was just amazing or great or that
it was basically a route to prostitution. People would say
'how can you consider yourself a feminist and still be a
model?' I thought that it would be a really great idea of how
to address those issues."
How to be a Model follows Peggi LePage, a 27-year-old
model, as she deliberates a career change or modeling for
"just one more year."
Allison and crew trekked from New York to Paris to
Toronto to London to give a behind-the-scenes look at modeling and the women who have not nor ever will become
"supermodels." Allison argues that although Hollywood has
made several films about the fashion industry lately, none of
them have been about the models. About their reality.
"I like Unzipped. I thought it was funny and gave you a
good sense of how things are from the designer's perspec
tive. My problem is that the models didn't get to talk. And
that was something I wanted to do with my film. I mean the
whole idea is to have these two dimensional beings portrayed as real three dimensional people. The models actually talk, you don't see that very often."
AIT ffiWilli^
All models are stupid. All models are superficial. All models care about is fashion and make-up. These are popular
myths that Allison is intent on disproving.
"I think one of the issues we're dealing with is what you have to put up with
when you're being taken at face
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But now she's moved
behind the camera,
giving a voice to women
who are rarely heard.
headed if all
you  do  is  exist in that
world. You are constantly
told that modeling doesn't
take any intellectual skill.
I mean, you just kind of
stand there. Even if you
know that's not true, you sort of buy into that and think that
other people lead these vastly deep intellectual lives. But
not you."
Many critics of modeling argue that models get the reputation for being stupid because so many of them start
when they are so young. Girls are pulled out of school and
thrown into an adult world with no experience or education.
"I think that plays into it, but I also think that people see
models as women that epitomise a physical ideal that normal people will never attain. You can't possibly be beautiful
and intelligent. It's a way of making someone who is potentially threatening to you less threatening. It's funny — we
asked a lot of models when they think is the optimum age
to start, and they all pretty much said 18."
S t a r tjlfitp
W&T&t ch
Allison has learned something that takes some people a lifetime to learn: no one is going to do it for you. She is what
you call a self-starter.
"I started making the film without any funding or money
in place. I had done a lot of the research already and the
woman that I wanted to star in the film told me that it was
going to be her last year modeling. So I thought that I
should at least attempt to start and try to get as much as I
could get done, and sort of get funding after the fact or
along the way."
This has proved to be more difficult than Allison anticipated. She applied three times to the Canada Council
grant program before finally getting accepted.
But Allison still feels lucky. When she started the
film she was fresh out of film school, so she had a
great resource pool to draw from.
"I knew all these really talented people that were willing to help me out and everyone in the crew worked for
free. A lot of people donated their air fares to places we
were shooting. It was pretty insane, the amount of per
sonal investment of time, energy and skills."
Despite the fact that Allison had modeled in the
past and knew the fashion industry from an insider's perspective it wasn't easy to get people to talk
to her.
"It helped that I had modeled in the past, and
that models could relate to me on that level. I found that
a lot of fashion people were really hesitant because they
had been misrepresented so often. It would have helped if
we could have talked to people beforehand. A lot of the
time I was going into things cold. I was having to do all
this preliminary stuff at the same time I was trying to get
a good interview."
As with making any film there are surprises and setbacks,
although it seems as though How to be a Model has had
more than its fair share.
Helen Yagi, the producer of the film, talked about the
film's lowest point.
"Allison was working in an edit suite in Yaletown and
her car got broken into. One of the things that got stolen
was some shot footage and negative stock. So she called
the police and they couldn't really do anything because
this kind of thing happens all the time. So what she did
was go through every dumpster in Yaletown from midnight until the wee hours of the morning. I could just
see the headlines in the paper the next day, Tow budget
film directer goes dumpster diving.' Fortunately, she
found all the footage. It was incredible, a real miracle."
Allison agrees. "Getting the negatives stolen sucked."
But they had other problems along the way.
"When we were in London we found out that we could
interview this photographer who was really great only he
was photographing Carla Bruni, the supermodel, that
day so it was really difficult to get permission to shoot.
Anyway we got down there and shot the interview. Carla
Bruni was there, she kept asking questions about what we
were doing and stuff and so we asked to interview her.
Right at the beginning of the interview the batteries ran
out, and we didn't have the AC to
fix it. I didn't want to interrupt her
and say, 'Oh by the way, we've run
out of batteries.' So we have this
talking head interview with Carla
Bruni with no  sound;  which  is
kind of ironic because the whole
point of the  documentary is  to
reunite models with their voices."
Although Allison has suffered
her share of disappointments and lost opportunities in
making this film, she says there's not much she would
do differently.
When Allison isn't borrowing the editing facilities at the
NFB to put together a rough cut of How to be a Model, she
works on producing and directing a film from a series of
short films based on modern fairy tales called, Once Upon
Our Times. She also hopes to return to documentary filmmaking and direct a film about girls that skateboard.
Allison has some advice to offer new filmmakers based
on her experiences:
"Get lots of help. Talk to as many people as you can.
Establish a support network of people that know more
than you do. You need people, it's not something you can
do on your own. Be passionate, if you choose to do something that you're really interested in, or want to find
more out about, it will pull you through the horrible
times. That you'll still have something in it that you connect
with that makes you get up the next day to do the work." 9
number and
a Colgate smile. 8 THE UBYSSEY WOMEN'S ISSUE, MARCH 11, 1997
by Alison Cole
Buchanan A
Koerner library
SUB Concourse
Polls open
Monday to friday
10:00am to 4:00 pm
[Bring your student card]
:1   \r\   L|   l#i
•S y. fa*".
6 >i
Jenn Moffat spends her days pokijjg'hqles through peoples' body parts, and getting paid
for it. '-'".'-. '.
As a professional body piercer at NEXT! Body Piercing & Mtercare, 23-year-old Jenn
has spent the last three years in Vancouver pursuing an interest that goes back lo her
pre-teen years.
"I'd always had an interest in [piercing], since age 11 or 12, piercing my own ears,
eyebrow, navel and nose."
Despite Jenn's age she possesses a maturity she reflects through her professionalism; after all, her work requires precision, care and thoroughness. Yes, even a trained
monkey can poke a needle into someone's skin, but it takes a degree of skill and knowledge to do it properly and responsibly.
Jenn takes her job seriously. To her, body piercing like surgery—not much of a
stretch given the fact that her work space has the same sterility of a doctor's
Jenn's first client is "Jesse," a 17-year old whose reason for getting
pierced is "to be trendy".
"I hope I cry," Jesse tells us.
And though Jesse represents a significant portion of the clientele, body piercing isn't something jusl for the young and foolish. People from all walks of life are interested in this tribal
urban trend.
"We've got people in their 50s and 60s getting piercings done. They're a rare breed, but they're out
there. It isn't just a youth thing. A lot of people
think that piercing is just for young kids, and
it's definitely not."
Jesse will be having his helix done -
the upper cartilage area of the ear. It
will take two to three months to
heal, which is average for body
piercing. A tongue generally
takes a week to three weeks,
whereas a navel can lake anywhere from six weeks to six
months to heal. She warns
Jesse to expect what is
called an inflammatory
response. This is the
body's reaction to the foreign object, and will produce a pus sack on the
outside  of the jewelry,
"I want
to be one
of those old,
bitchy, crusty
whose heads
don't fit
which is a collection of
white blood cells that
draw bacteria out of the
fresh piercing. These
hardened "crusties"
must be cleaned two to
four times a day.
After explaining the
cleaning  and  aftercare
procedures, Jenn does the
deed. She cleans the ear
with iodine and marks the
spot to be punctured. Then
she uses aromatherapy to
help him relax. Jesse seems
fine and only writhes briefly in
pain as the needle goes through
the ear. But not all clients are as
comfortable with pain.
"You have your share of people
passing out. That's called neurogenic
shock A lot of times people get all worked up for this enormous
pain, the piercing happens and it's such a relief that it barely
hurt at all Then they kind of go into shock after that. They go
white, their temperature goes up, and they usually take a brief
After watching Jesse's fruitful experience, I later decide to get
my helix pierced as well The sharp pam is instantaneous, but
brief, and I feel the one second adrenaline rush that Jenn jokes is
the reason behind this "addictive sport" She diagnoses me as "one
JEN PERSON tattoo artist, richelle rae photo
of those alien non bleeders," while inserting lhe ring.
Navels are currently the mosl popular of all piercings,
though nose rings and eyebrow rings are very popular as well.
"Basically, whatever's on music videos at the time is popular. I've been noticing a lot more eyebrow piercings on Much
Music lately, so we get a lot more of those."
Unfortunately for Jenn, there are no genilal piercings in
store that day; male genitals, Jenn explains, are her favourite
piercings Lo do. She believes it's one of lhe most imporlanl
things to have her clients happy with the work she's done, and
wilh male genilal piercings, "that's a guaranteed happy... piercing."
Jenn recalls during her first week of work aL NEXT! a 'giche'
male genilal jewelry replacement wasn'l one of her best experiences.
"A giche is lhe piece of skin Lhat lies in between the fronlum
line, at the base of the sac, and between the anus. IL was really
jusl a difficult situation because when you start getting into Uie
thicker gages, the opening and closing of the pliers arc harder
Lo do, they take some muscle. He's in a spread eagle, and we're
trying to get this ring open enough lo put the bead on. He was
there for half an hour, and we had three helping hands, and il
was just a mess."
Genitals are Lhe most expensive of all body piercings. Al.
NEXT!, the highest priced is a Prince Albert piercing that goes for $98, and the cheapest piercing are ears, aL $46. This includes Uie $30 piercing fee ($15 lor ears and
noses), plus the cost ofthe jewelry.
As far as her job is concerned, Jenn's parents don't like il, and she doesn'l frequent
bars much anymore "because Uie topic always rolls around to piercing".
The job itself has its setbacks as well, Jenn confirms. "It's really hard on you mentally. And we have eight to Uiirteen clienls a day - that's a lot of energy. And sometimes
some clients just take a Utile more energy than you want to give. Thai's about tlie only
Being a tattoo artist in Lhe winter is difficult; there simply aren't as many people willing to show a little flesh. In tlie winter months it's minimum wage, around $1000 a
month. But in Uie summer, 2 7 year-old lallooist at The Devil's Den, Jen Person, says
you can average around $9000 a month.
Jen is honest about why she is a tattoo artist. "The main interest is money and a large
Jen first fell in love with tattoos as a child playing around with those cheap, tacky tattoo stickers thai came as a prize inside of a box of stale "cracker jacks." She got her first
tattoo when she was 12; she lied and said that she was 15. Her mother cried when she
found out what she had done. Jen still keeps that first tattoo, a cartoon of "chilly willy
In 1990 at the age of 20, Jen progressed to tattooing herself and other people.
"A friend of mine had a gun and was working out of his home, and out of boredom
I would tattoo myself, and pieces of fruit, trying to learn. I tattooed a lot of honeydew
melons with beautiful tattoos."
Jen says she quit for a few years because she was making mistakes all over the place
and wasn't confident enough. She gradually began tattooing again last fall.
"It's scary. It is very scary. Scary in the sense that I'm a woman in a male dominated field. Also in the sense that you are involved with something that is permanent...You
can't make mistakes you can't fix, you don't know how it's going to heal. Every time you
do a tattoo you're rolling the dice. Are you going to be allergic to the cream I give you?
Are you going to reject the ink? How is this going to look in six months?"
"Forever" can mean anywhere from seven minutes of tattooing or eight hours and
still being nowhere near done. Prices at The Devil's Den go anywhere from $50 to a
couple of thousand, depending on tlie amount of work the tattoo will require.
"My favourite tattooing to do is stuff thaf challenges me, and stuff where there's Uie
potential to mess up big-time. I'm a pressure person, so [it's] something that gets my
adrenaline going. I've done a Welsh Flag on somebody, and that was tense, and
throughout Lhe whole tiling I was biting my fingernails going 'Please work'."
Jen doesn't like doing all tattoos; there are some she'd rather not do.
"I think some of them are pretty silly. Like Lhe Tasmanian Devils -1 really have lo
step back and go 'Why do I do these things?'"
The walls of The Devil's Den are covered with thousands of tattoos that have all been
used on someone some time. Even designs of psychopathic bleeding clowns, rainbow
coloured ying-yangs, and hotdogs and ice cream cones have walked out of the store on
a human canvas.
The clientele varies from 18 year-old high school kids to 70 year-old men come in to
be decorated.
"LilUe grunge rockers Lo guys who walk in in business suits. There's no set person
or group.. The.only thing they all have in common is something has changed in tiieir
lives or they're going to change something."
Business is slow, so Jen decides to perform on her co-worker. Randy. As she puts on
Uie latex gloves and prepares the needle and ink, he placidly sits in his seat, playing his
handheld video black jack game in his right hand as his left arm waits for lhe intrusion
of Jen's needle.;!
Even after Jen begins working on his arm, he calmly continues with his game, tuning out the 18 tinjtneedles that are jutting in and out of five layers of his skin at 2000
times per second-,   ,• >
Jen works witb^ecisjpn, making a circular grind to abraise the colour into the skin.
She uses mostly aB natural pigments; sand is mixed in the ink, which acts as a carrier,
and stop tlie ink from spreading. The number of needles penetrating the skin at once
can range from thj^ee (the thickness of a household tack), for outlining, to 14 and 18,
for colouring in.   , ,~
After about 20 mjnutes, Jen stops her work, and Randy's blood is seeping through
the bright orange and purple colours of his newly tattooed skin.
I've always said I'll never get a tattoo, but Jen offers to give me an "inkless" one, so
I can personally experience how it feels. I experience a sensation that feels like very
sharp knives cutting into my skin.
Jen's says her goal is to have her entire body, except her neck
and face, covered with tattoos.
"1 want to be one of those old, bitchy, crusty tattooists whose heads
don't fit through doorways...And I look forward to being a great-grandmother and sitting in my rocking chair, wandering outdoors in the herb garden and scaring the neighbour's children
My dose of the world of body decoration is not over yet. Next stop, a domain that
has yet to become anywhere near as popular as body piercing and tattooing: branding.
I had wanted a brand ever since I saw them doing it on TV at a Lollapalooza concert. Of course, seen from the safety of one's own home, I really had no idea what to
Mike "Bear" Walsh runs Taboo Tribalware, a body piercing and branding business,
and is one of only two people in the branding business in Vancouver catering to the
mid-20s clientele. For $25, plus an additional five dollar "strike charge," you too can
feel like cattle.
"I don't sweeten it at all," Bear says as he explains the series of third degree burns
that make up a brand. "I want people to know what they're getting in to."
Even so, he gets about ten phone calls a month from people who want brands. But
as a result of "frighten[ing] them off," either from the preliminary phone call conversation or the hour long consultation, he ends up doing only about one brand per month.
"It's not hugely popular, and it won't continue to be as long as we continue not to
sweeten it, and I won't. It's not for everybody; it's a fairly intense act to do this."
I am not discouraged.
There are two methods of branding Bear uses. The first is called the 'multi-strike'
method, which involves breaking the design into a series of straight lines, curves and
dots, and then applying them on the skin as a series of third degree burns. The second
technique is called the 'hyphercation' method, using a device that was originally intended for burning off warts with electricity. The design is stenciled on the skin and is manually "drawn" in, burning the image into the skin.
I decide to go with die second method, which is also Bear's preference. But before
my brand becomes a work of art it has to go through a process.
"Well essentially it looks like little strips of raw hide, which is just the burnt tissue...So you're looking at five days or so before those strips come away. At that point
it starts leaking. It's mostly clear fluid, and a bit of milky fluid...the scabbing stops.
Al that point it's pretly much just purple scar tissue," he explains.
I have decide to have the design of an ankh burnt into my lower calf. The brand
will be about two inches tall, and then eventually expand slightly beyond that.
Because everyone's skin is different, there is no way of guaranteeing how the
brand will turn out, and this, Bear believes, is another reason why branding will
never be popular. He also warns me against getting the brand wet or exposing
it to light since the shape ofthe burn will warp and produce ugly effects.
Two days after my consultation, I go in to have the brand done.
Ignorant to pain, I am completely calm about having third degree burns
etched into my skin; in fact, I'm looking forward to it.
Bear gels me to lay down on a table ; he applies the stencil onto my
leg, and the last Lhing I see is the hyphercator instrument, emitting
shiny sparks of elecLricity.
The sensation ofthe hyphercator burning my skin is excruciating. It feels like I'm being blowtorched with electricity and is
unlike any other pain 1 have experienced.
As the time ticks on and on, Bear and Colin inform me
whal parts of the ankh are being done. I lay there desperately waiting for it all to be over. And then, after what seems
like the longest moment of anguish in my life, I'm told that
it's done. I ask Bear how long the whole process took, and
he tells me two to three minutes max.
Bear rubs some aloe onto the burn and asks me if it
feels good. "It doesn't feel good," I answer, but il doesn't
feel "bad" either. I am surprised that the aftermath is
completely painless.
Bear makes a comment about the "smell" to Tara, the
photographer. What smell? Later, Tara tells me it made
her want to vomit. I am shocked and disappointed that
I was not able to smell my own burning flesh. 9
to design
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knowledge of common DTP programs (Adobe Pagemaker, Adobe
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and related hardware (IBM). Familiarity with basic editing and layout techniques a must. Must also
be familiar with publishing on the
World Wide Web. Successful applicant will be responsible for the
1997/98 Inside UBC - a detailed
guide to UBC and the AMS, university life, campus resources and
other topics of interest to students.
Apply with cover letter and
resume and a representative sample of recent work no later than
Friday, March 21st, 1997, to:
AMS President, Ryan Davies
c/o SUB Room 238
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Plan: Update
An Official Community Plan (OCP) has been prepared for the University of
British Columbia by the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) through a
consultative process involving UBC, interest groups from on and off the UBC
campus, and the public. The OCP was developed in a manner consistent with
the GVRD's Livable Region Strategic Plan, which calls for the protection ofthe
Green Zone and building of complete communities. It has been approved by
UBC's Board of Governors and on Nov. 1, 1996, the GVRD Board of Directors
gave third reading to Bylaw 840 - 1996, the Official Community Plan for Part of
Electoral Area 'A' (UBC Area).
At the time of third reading, a number of modifications were made to the OCP
• amending policy 4.1.14 to indicate that Lhe goal is that, in addition to
student_housing, not less than 50 per cent of market and non-market
housing serve households where one or more members works or studies on
the UBC campus;
• amending policy 4.1.16(f) to provide an open space standard for residential
use of 1.1 hectares per 1000 people and provision to lower the standard
based upon resident access to appropriate UBC facilities;
• amending policy 4.2.2 to strengthen the requirements for transportation
planning and to provide the goal that single occupant vehicle travel be
reduced by 20 per cent;
• amending the wording of policy 4.3.3 regarding slope and erosion issues.
The GVRD Board of Directors will forward the plan to the board's May 1997
meeting for final consideration, after UBC has provided further information on
key issues, as follows:
• a comprehensive planning process for UBC that involves on-campus and
off-campus stakeholders and addresses transit use, truck travel, parking
and transportation demand management;
• an approach to achieving the housing objective of not less than 50 per cent
of households having one or more members working or studying on the UBC
• an approach to providing required social and community services for residents.
As part ofthe review process, UBC is working with consultative
committees with membership fr om both on- and off-campus
stakeholders. These committees ar e reviewing issues as they
relate to transportation, community services and housing and
provide important and dir ect feedback to independent consultants retained by UBC to review the OCP amendments outlined
above. Once this consultative pr ocess is complete, a series of
public infoT motion meetings will be held for the community at
large. These will be advertised in local newspapers and will
provide an opportunity for further input prior to final consideration ofthe By-law by GVRD in late May.
What is the Official Community Plan?
The OCP is a statement of policy which sets objectives for land use
and transportation, particularly in relation to non-institutional development. It is intended to achieve the common objectives of both
GVRD and UBC to implement the Livable Region Strategic Plan
and to sustain UBC's main mission and responsibility as a leading
educational institution. The OCP has been prepared through a
consultative process involving GVRD, UBC, interest groups from
both on and off campus, and the public.
Once in place the OCP will provide guidelines for detailed Local
Area Plans which will be presented and reviewed through a public
consultation process. The Local Area Plans will be guided by a joint
GVRD/UBC task force.
t^OHfl m IK66S
Consultation Committee for Community Services
The Consultation Committee for Cornmunity Services is working with the consultant
to provide direct feedback on the type ofcomrnunity services pr esentkj lacking for on-
campus residents, identify some short-ter m solutions (such as access to UBC's
libraries) and pr ovide feedback on a long-ter m strategy for the pr ovision of municipal-
type services that an on-campus community might expect
The committee, chaired by Kathleen Beaumont of Campus Plarining and Develop- •
ment, includes UBC representatives from: Faculty of Arts, UBC Residents Association, Treasury, Students, Faculty, Public Affairs, Staff, Library, Athletics and Recreation, President's Property and Planning Advisory Committee, and UBC Real Estate
Corporation. The committee also includes representatives from: Greater Vancouver
Regional District, Hampton Place Strata Corp., City of Vancouver, and University
Endowment Lands.
Consultants: Mark Betteridge and Associates (MBA) Inc., Jane Fleming and Associates Inc., Urban Systems
Consultation Committee for Housing
The Consultation Committee for Housing is working with the consultant to addr    ess
innovative approaches on how both GVRD's and UBC's objectives can be met r egard-
ing an approach to addressing the housing objective of not less than 50 per cent of
households having one or mor e members working or studying on the UBC campus.
The comrnittee, chaired by Jim Carruthers of Campus Plarining and Development,
includes UBC representatives from: Treasury, Alma Mater Society, Faculty, Public
Affairs, UBC Real Estate Corporation, President's Property and Planning Advisory
Comrnittee, and Housing and Conferences. The comrnittee also includes representatives from: Greater Vancouver Regional District, City of Vancouver, Canada Mortgage
and Housing Corporation, Montrose Financial Group, Urban Development Institute,
University Endowment Lands, and Hampton Place Strata Corp.
Consultants: Mark Betteridge and Associates (MBA) Inc., City Spaces Consulting,
Jane Fleming and Associates Inc.
Consultation Committee for Transportation
The Consultation Committee for T ransportahbn is r euiewing a series of options to
achieve three major objectives, i e. the r eduction of the 1996 24-hour Single Occupancy Vehicle Travel by 20 per cent, to r educe the impact of truck travel patter ns,
and to optimize safety by reducing vehicles passing through the surr ounding communities. The review of these options includes the impact of these policies to both the
community and to UBC.
The committee, chaired by David Grigg of Campus Plarining and Development,
includes UBC representatives from: Faculty, Alma Mater Society, Students, Staff,
Greening the Campus, Public Affairs, Parking and Transportation, Senate, and
President's Property and Planning Advisory Committee. The committee also includes
representatives from: City of Vancouver, Point Grey Ratepayers Association, SW
Marine Drive Homeowners Association, Dunbar Ratepayers Association, B. C.
Transit, University Endowment Lands, Greater Vancouver Regional District, and
Ministry of Transportation and Highways.
Consultants : Mark Betteridge and Associates (MBA) Inc., N. D. Lea Consultants,
Jane Herning and Associates Inc.
You can read the Official Community Plan and supporting documents
on the Internet and send questions and comments by e-mail:
If you would like to ask questions or comment on this process, please write or e-mail:
Geoff Atkins, Associate Vice-President, Land and Building Services
University of British Columbia
2329 West Mall, Vancouver, BC
e-mail: geoff@plantops.ubc.ca TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1997
BOSNIAN WOMEN grieve at a funeral for 224 civilians buried after being found in a mass grave outside Biljani, a village in northwest Bosnia. Suzanne ahearne photo
Photojournalist finds war rape a hard sell
by Faith Armitage
Rape is not just a women's issue. That much
is clear to photojournalist Suzanne Ahearne
after months of research and three weeks of
on-site reporting on the rape campaigns in
But a "lukewarm reception" from
Canadian national magazines, plus her
resolve to have lhe work published as a
photo essay and story—not just a story with
pictures—has made finding a mainstream
markel difficult
"Writing for something like Ms. magazine is in a way like preaching to the converted," Ahearne says. "You don't have to
convince people lhal rape is an insidious,
horrible tool of war. Writing it for
Maclean's, you have to...give background
and the psychological and emotional
garbage that, comes with rape; you can't
take any of that for granted with your audience."
While she sees the value in having publi
cations devoted to women's work and
issues, Ahearne says she would prefer to
see her work published in a general issue
magazine. "I don't think rape, especially on
the scale that it happened [in Bosnia], is a
women's issue," she explains.
Ahearne says the sheer scope of the rape
campaign means the story works on many
levels. "It was perpetrated physically
against women but it was used largely to
humiliate men, which makes it all the more
"When Serb soldiers rape women...Lhey
did il more lo completely humiliate their
MUSLIM WOMEN mourning at the same funeral. Suzanne ahearne photo
husbands and fathers because they know
how families react, especially Muslim families, to a woman being raped. This is common in our culture too—maybe to a lesser
extent—but it's as if the woman has been
party to it somehow, that she's not truly a
victim. And she is now soiled. There are a
lot of cases of women who
were raped in front of husbands    and    children    and
fathers as a particular psychological weapon."
Because children themselves were victims of war
rape, or forced to watch their
mothers being raped, the
atrocities will scar generalions.
"In the coming years, the youngest generation are going to have to grow old with
that trauma," she explains. "Whatever
long term effects it has it'll be part of
their cullure and mythology forever."
Rape, she says, was a tool of elhnic
cleansing and genocide. "It's quite clear
that war rape is used as a method of
clearing the land by raping people in
their own homes. And that's been very
successful. A lot of people we talked to
were living as refugees because they just
can't sland to go home. Others, of course,
have a different reaction and it's part of
their survival just to get home; a way of
not being beaten is to go home despite it
But for members of the international
press corps, going home is routine. "By
the summer of '96 pretty much everyone
had gone; a lot of press centres were
beginning to close down," she says. "It
seemed really typical of the coverage of
most wars because it seems the press
leaves at the height of action. If the
media's there to teach us something or
the acting out of events, but real human
truths, then it's really missing out on a lot
by leaving right at the end of the war."
Ahearne herself bucked the trend and
went to Bosnia in November 1996 with
Toronto writer Kim Heinrich-Grey. The pair
is currendy on the verge of a contract with a
"It's quite clear that war rape is
used as a method of clearing
the land by raping people
in their own homes."
Suzanne Ahearne
Freelance Journalist
Canadian magazine. But wherever their
work is published, Ahearne insists she will
protect the integrity of the story.
"The thing thai I think is really necessary
to do with a story like this is nol to mince
words, and speak in euphemisms; to tell it
as gruesomely as it really is, without it
being sensational. This is a real stumbling
block when editors want a kind of sexy news
appeal, which sells probably more covers
than anything. To sell the story of rape in
that context is, at best, at cross-purposes,
and at worst, part of the whole problem. It
has to be done very delicately because you
don't want these women who are telling
their stories...to be pornography in itself, to
have people reading it for some kind of tit-
Ahearne has a sheaf of compelling photographs from Bosnia. But it's been more
than three months since she returned and
so far, no Canadian national magazine or
newspaper has published the photos and
story; it may soon be time to turn to Ms.
"Optimistically I'd like to think we don't
need women's issues anymore, especially
in university [papers], but you know, I sup-
communicate something, not just about    pose we do," she adds. 9 12 THE UBYSSEY WOMEN'S ISSUE, MARCH 11, 1997
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More than you want her to be
by Namiko Kunimoto
Kinnie Starr
review and interview
During this year's Women in View
Festival, Kinnie Starr took the
stage at the WISE Hall, mesmerizing her audience with her diverse
vocal abilities, guitar fixins' and
spoken word.
Although my tardiness caused
me to miss all but the last two
songs of her show, upon entering
I could see the smiles on everyone's faces as they enjoyed Starr's
casual demeanor—well-suited to
her stocking feet. Starr's blend of
poetry, acoustic guitar and samples, that she dubs "chuck-hop,"
creates an expression that crosses
musical genres.
Starr's expressiveness is also
inherent in her visual art: she
designed the cover of Tidy as well
as several inside sketches, making
the CD an artistic package. In fact,
Starr says she has thought about
exhibiting her artwork, "If I had a
lot of control and organisational
skills, I would combine [my art|
with shows,"
Sexuality free of sexism is a
theme running through much of
Kinnie Starr's lyrics and artwork.
T-shirts and other merchandise
feature a logo of a dripping wet
pussy, anatomically correct, with
the words "I am more than you
want me to be" spelled across the
In "Buttons," a song off her first
album Learning to Cook, Starr
belts out the words, "I wanna feel
the freedom to be sexy, without
his eyes sliding all up, under and
into me."
Undoubtedly some people may
be interested in her work because
of its sexual explicitness, but Starr
asserts that expressions of her
own sexuality are not meant for
someone else to exploit.
In the midst of sexism in the
together, with female drummers,
Kinnie Starr performs with an
entire troupe of friends for some
shows. At others, like Rock For
Choice and the Women In View
Festival, she goes it alone. Rock
For Choice "was way too intimate
for me to want to make it into a
rock thing," said Starr.
Starr is a bit cynical when it
comes to how the music industry
treats women artists. "Women are
sometimes politicized instandy,
into ' Well, she's a woman so she
must be doing something good for
'You know what? There are a lot of
women kicking ass."
rock world and the rise of so-
called grrrl bands, Starr plays
mosdy with men. She seems to
prefer networking with women
through shows like Rock for
Choice, the pro-choice benefit concert. Gender plays less of a role
than personality for Starr, who
says, "I choose to work with people because of their attitudes."
While she acknowledges that
the "huge, huge majority of musicians" are men, there are a lot of
women just working really hard to
get their songs and their voices
out..a lot of women who do play
Kinnie Starr
the cause of women and music'."
On the other hand, said Starr,
"there are so many labels looking
for a pretty face. It's like, ' Okay,
here honey, I'll write your songs
for you and you just hold an
acoustic guitar for a song and play
A and look pretty."
"But you know what?" she
added. "There are a lot of women
kicking ass."
Keep an ear out for this heroine's rise to fame as she has
recendy moved to major label status. Also, check out Tidy, her most
recent independent release.9
Hie sound of missing music
by Elsa Roque
I'm given an assignment in Music History class. We
have to critically analyse a music piece dating from
between 500 AD and 1600 AD. Since I'm unfamiliar
with European music from the Ancient period
through to the Baroque I begin to panic.
We have studied quite a few composers, but none
of them stimulate a single nerve in my body or raise
a hair off my head. I flip through my textbook and
find there are only three women composers in the
entire book: Hildegard of Bingen, Beatriz De Dia, and
Barbara Strozzi. I begin to think about the missing
music; about the music never transcribed, and in
later years, never recorded.
I think about the music erased from history
because it was created by women. I think about the
righteous and talented composers and how sad it is
their creations never found their way to the ears,
1 hearts and minds of others.
I begin to feel angry. I find myself caught in a spider web of a daydream. My vision starts off foggy, but
becomes clear as I go along. I visualise a great big
open field, empty but for what appears to be a metal
music stand placed right in the middle. I see a stack
of music sheets on it. I see the notes written in black
ink. I begin to make sense of them.
The day is grey and it rains. All of a sudden a raging wind sweeps in, carrying away the stack of music.
Papers fly everywhere. They are lifted far, far away.
The papers are gone like a balloon that finds its way
out of the small sweaty hands of a child arid soars
through the sky toward the sun, disappearing without
a trace.
I think of ways to find die lost music. I imagine a
wind as tranqud as the current of a temperate ocean.
The wind picks up speed and becomes as violent as
the tides of a tsunami. There's a hurricane of music
sheets. I can hear very strange and beautiful music.
There is no end to it.
I see the ones who silenced these women: the
dream killers; the boogie men of women's art d'oeu-
vre; those who convicted women of offenses against
the creative mind and soul. They ensured there
would he rio place for thelvork created by women. I
see them covering their ears. They can't stand the
music! They are haunted by the music in their
dreams. They are haunted by the music, eyes
open or closed.
In this fantasy the earth is an indigo
sphere. It has two big ears on each side.
Its    ears    are
receptive to the
music.       The
music fills the
earth    and    it
becomes bloated and pulsates. The Earth's ears are finally open  to  the  genius  of women.  This
genius reaches the farthest galaxy. In this
fantasy women's music takes back its space
and lost voices are retrieved.
In the end I chose to critique a liturgical drama, a
musical about morality, Ordu Virtutum, written by
Hildegard of Bingen. In the play, characters abound:
lost souls tempted by the devil, good souls, the
prophets, and the devil.
Hildegard also wrote sixteen virtues to be sung
separately representing characteristics such as obedience, innocence, mercy and chastity: stereotypical
female characteristics. With that in mind, I see many
of her ideas were stained with misogynistic ideals.
However, her accomplishments reveal perseverance.
Hildegard overcame barriers and produced work
that would influence thinking. It is unfortunate that
the oppression she fought against was internalized in
her thinking.
Hildegard also wrote Scivias. Her first work, it por
trayed prophecies and visions she experienced and
an explanation of the rule of St. Benedict. She wrote
on herbology, botany and medicine. She also wrote
about illnesses, their effects and cures. Hildegard
was a poet and the composer of 7 7 hymns. She died
in 1179 at the age of 81.
/ am the one whose praise echoes high
I adorn all the earth
I am the breeze that nurtures all things green
I encourage blossoms to flourish with ripening fruits
I am the rain coming from the dew
that causes the grasses to laugh with the joy of life
I am the yearning for good
- Hddegard of Bingen (1098-1179)9 THE UBYSSEY WOMEN'S ISSUE, MARCH 11, 1997   13
Rockin' bimbos
Spice Girls [Virgin]
Can You Handle A Spice Girl?
by Andrea Gin
In the spirit of trendy, cute singing
groups like Menudo, New Kids On
The Block, Backstreet Boys, and
Boyzone comes the Spice Girls,
whose international chart-topping
hit "Wannabe" has placed them in
the middle of a great pop music
debate: Are they victims of a
media-created monster?
If you don't know what I'm talking about, then a) you're an alien b)
you're still in the denial phase of
dealing with the Spice Girl phenomenon! and have not yet progressed to the anger stage or c)
you're lying.
In case it's ' a' then here's a
brief introduction. Meet Victoria,
aka "Posh Spice" (all five of the
girls have descriptive nicknames) -
who, as her name implies, is the
most extravagant and aloof of the
group. Her greatest regret according to her internet profile? "Not
having a boob job."
Emma is the youngest
and hence known as "Baby
Spice," and her motto is to
"be sweet and honest and
good always." Then there's
the high-kicking Mel C,
"Sporty Spice," who claims
her deplorable trait is "not
being able to lift heavier
weights than blokes." Geri
"Ginger Spice" has the scandalous
past, and knows how to win an
argument: "I throw in a lot of big
words and a lot of verbid to confuse
the situation!" Finally, there's Mel
B., who is called "Scary Spice,"
although I can't figure out why she
is called that except maybe because
Perhaps equally as troubling is
the Spice Girls' fan club presence
on the World Wide Web. There are
16 Spice Girl sites on the WWW,
9000-plus article hits with the
words "Spice Girl" in Alta Vista.
In case you're interested, Chen
Shumowitz' site is definitely the
hottest at the moment, with 3 162
visitors in the first week and a half.
In terms of quality though, go to
Edjes Spice Girls Page, which
greets you with a sweet organ
instrumental version of
"Wannabe" and is backed with
some excellent photos and text.
If you were to explore some
links to other pages, you could find
a Spice Girls lookalike contest -
compete with other spice girl
lookalikes around the world! - as
well as posts from Spice Girl fans.
she's the loudest and has the
biggest hair.
To their fans, the Spice Girls
represent feisty femininity-trashi-
ness, independence and the ability
to do and say what they want. To
their detractors, they are riding a
wave of flavour-of-the-rnonth over-
fascination by the media, and are
being exploited for the way they
can pose in a bikini. To everyone,
they are basically Barbie and her
friends come to life.
And it's no exaggeration to say
they are starting to wield influence
beyond the conventional pop-stardom perimeters. For instance,
based on a few over-interpreted
comments in a right-wing British
political journal, there is now an
effect called "the Spice Vote" that
strategists are seriously monitoring before the next general elections (this even though three of the
five members have said they will
not vote—the other two are
But who can be blamed for all
this? Them, for filling a need for a
Boyzone equivalent in pop music,
er the mainstream pop music public, for buying into it?
The Spice Girls are a group of
women who have got it and are
flaunting it for the big bucks. What
seems to be so offensive is
that they have so much fun
doing it. But consider how
brazenly over-the-top they
are and you will begin to
have a sneaking suspicion
that they might be the ones
having the last laugh.
How can they not when
they look at the phe-
monemon they have created: the
insanity of having male reporters
mockingly over-analyse their obviously flippant political commentary; the lunacy of the editors who
simultaneously use their images to
sell magazines and snicker at them
in print for being empty-headed;
the folly of people who, when they
talk of the Spice Girls, talk about
everything but their music.
Because really, the most serious
crime they are guilty of is churning
out idiot pop, something which this
world definitely does not need
more of. In the end, the joke is on
anyone who thinks that they are
not, at least in part, the manipulators of this whole phenomenon. I
think (I hope) they know what they
are. It's their fans we have to worry
about. Anyone who can read the
comments on the bios and love
them for the image they portray
are the real victims of a Spice Girls
Don't hate them because
they're beautiful. Hate them
because their music sucks. Hate
them because they don't vote. Or
hate them becuase they're obnoxious and lie about their age to the
press. But please don't hate them
just because they look good in a
bikini. 9
Dr. Patricia Rupnow. Optometrist
General Eye
and Vision Care
4320 W. 10th Ave.
Vancouver, BC
(604) 224-2322
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Student Union Building 14 THE UBYSSEY WOMEN'S ISSUE
arli art art
Giving young women a voice through art
 by Richelle Rae
"Can anyone do this?" I heard this question asked easily a
dozen times during the time I spent on Commercial
Drive. The answer is always yes. The young women
smile as they reach for your hand, welcoming
strangers into an ancient tradition of hand
painting called Mehendi.
It's been two weeks now since my hand
was painted. The henna is fading; the experience, however, is not.
For   two   hours   on   February  23,
young  women  from  across  the
Lower   Mainland   converged   on
Commercial Drive to set up tables at
local coffee houses to participate in a
"social-art" project. This public art perfor
mance was part of
an ongoing series put
together   by   a   project
called Turning Point.
The    project,    which
brought   to   Vancouver
5 years   ago   by   international
artist  and   activist  Suzanne
Lacy,  targets young women between the ages of 13 to 19. The goal is to
>•      LV    give voung women a voice using public
spaces and a personal connection through
performance art. The women who have joined are from different socio-economic backgrounds and represent the
diverse ethnicity that makes up the Lower Mainland.
Lacy, who is famous for large-scale performance
art projects like "The Crystal Quilf'-which
brought together 500 elderly women
to become a living quilt
and share stories and
wisdom about what it is
like to be a woman and an
old woman in North America
will only start her projects in communities that invite her.
What   began   with   a
series  of workshops  on
Media Literacy two years
ago has blossomed into a pro
ject   that   over    100   young
women have embraced. And while
initially the project was headed by Lacy, she
has since turned it over to the young women themselves. They have gone on to create Turning Point zines
that include poetry, letters, personal anecdotes, art work
and short stories.
The women have also stepped beyond small-scale
public performances, like the hand painting on
Commercial Drive, and have come up with a loca
tion for their final and largest performance.
This project is a finite one, lasting only as long
as the original women who joined the group are still of age
to participate. The project will end on May 25, 1997 with a
final performance at a construction' site at the residences on
Georgia between Jervis and
Bute. The young women will
come together to tell the
their stories in a multimedia montage forming a
living tableau.
For more information
contact  Turning Point
by electronic mail at
or  by phone  at
Body art
lacks life
 by Lisa Chen-Wing
While walking through the Pierced Hearts
and True Love exhibit, 1 realised something: much like women, tattoos have
come a long way, baby. This exhibit, currently showing at the Vancouver Art
Gallery, surveys the past century of body
decoration in Europe and North America.
It takes us on an artistic odyssey; from the
bulbous-breasted women on a sailor's
arm, to the psychedelic flourescents of the
sixties right up to the urban tribal decorations of today.
At the turn of the century, skin pictures
were embraced by marginal peoples and
tattooed women such as Edith were circus
attractions. Today, having a tattoo is as
mainstream as Henry Rollins or Tupac.
What once was affiliation with your Navy
ship is now a symbol of membership of a
sports team or infatuation with a flame of
the moment "Winona Forever' indeed!
Speaking of forever, a short film in the
exhibit Med "Forever Yes: Art of the New
Tattoo* tells a blank canvas like me that get-
isg a tattoo does hurt and that I don't have
to get an anchor on my arm. Tne three
things to consider before getting a tattoo
are: subject, execution, and placement.
Consider them carefidly because yes, a tattoo is forever.
As the exhibit consists solely of drawing
for tattoos, there was no live display of a
hulking man flexing to make his belly
dancer wiggle, or the sails of his ship fill
with a strong breeze {events I've heard of,
but sadly never seen). Since a body is an
integral part of a tattoo, toking these drawings out of the realm of parlour and into
gafiery, further emphasises tbe mainstream acceptance of the art form.
However, in this environment one loses
thf story of the canvas. Why did that sailor
want to have a naked lady on his bicep? And
w&at does that dragon on this woman's
head mean to her? Just as if no one hears a
falling tree. . . what does a tattoo on one's
back mean if one is unable to disrobe, display, and tell the story behind it? Wearing
your heart on your arm has so much more
iMpact than on your transient sleeve.
the exhibit closes March 31. §
Chinese mythological goddess inspires
The Gallery's Title Please....
Community Arts Council of Vancouver Gallery
by Emily Reid
I've never seen a woman's body expressed in such a spiritual
way. I've seen it plastered on billboards, stuffed with sillicone,
and totally objectified but Judy Lee transforms these images,
raising women's sexuality to a much more legitimate and
spiritual place.
Historically, Chinese
artwork repressed
women's sexuality;
the notion was
taboo in the
Lee's work showcased last month at the Community Arts
Council of Vancouver Gallery. The exhibition was a series of
mixed media drawings on paper and wood. With the use of
strong lines, Lee depicts the female body in various positions,
her figures
to life and giving the illusion
of multiple subjects.
Judy   Lee   is   an
up-and-coming   artist
whose drawings explore
the female human body,
and hint at her perceptions
of sexuality.   Her images are
erotic, sensual and spiritual.
Through an examination of
the history of her culture, Lee's
recent work is an exploration of the
popular diety "Guan Yin", the Buddhist Goddess of Mercy.
During the Tang dynasty, Chinese mythology follows Guan Yin's
transformation from a male to a female diety and artwork that
survived the era recorded the change. Although there is no written explanation of the change, historians agree that the diety had
changed into a woman.
Lee says she "had to deal with that artistically because it's so
fascinating." Lee turns to China's rich history as a source of
inspiration. Her examination of Chinese mythology leads to her
"not discovering, but really representing where I am and where
I'm coming from-it's an exploration."
Judy Lee is a graduate of Emily Carr with a degree in Studio
Arts. Though art seems to be her main focus,, Lee also played an
integral part in bringing Asian Heritage Month to Vancouver.
This experience raised her consciousness about her place in
Vancouver's culturally diverse society.
"I am in touch with so many contacts within the Asian Arts
community. We feed off of each other over time and people get
connected that way," said Lee. "It's exciting because there are so
many levels of Asians in the Vancouver area."
In the future, Lee wants to continue to explore the theme of
women with her artwork, "specifically Asian women and art,
how I relate with that and how the history of Asian women and
art coincide." Lee sees her art as "a continual search, an exploration into defining things for myself." 9
The Ubyssey presents its most Racy issue
March 21, 1997. Anyone interested in
contributing call Pegqy at 822-2301,
22 1-8870 or peqqi}uJ@unixtyMbcxa. TUESDAY, MARCH 11, 1997
c^f- alaik of auLtuxe,  Anita rau badam
Tamarind Mem by Anita Rau Badami
[The Penguin Group]
by Cecelia Parsons
Imagine all the stories you've ever told about yourself, then imagine how the stories others would
have to add. Now imagine embodying this in a well-
written novel.
Tamarind Mem is a great first novel, it plays
with the idea that each single event leads to innumerable stories. The theme pulls together the lives
of two East Indian women, mother and daughter,
as they try to make sense of their existence amidst
constant input and interference from their friends
and family.
Her family followed Indian tradition
and decided that she should have
a husband instead of a career in
The first half of Vancouver writer Anita Rau
Badami's novel is narrated by Kamini, who wades
through the memories of her childhood in order to
gain some insight into the bewildering motives of
her mother, Saroja. To Kamini, Saroja's drastic
mood swings are inexplicable. Kamini calls up an
abundance of stories and memories from a seemingly bottomless reservoir, but still draws a blank
on "mommy dearest." This is when the narration
switches over to Saroja and we learn a chunk of her
history and are able to discern the reasons for
some of her apparently erratic behavior. It later on
becomes clear that the source of Saroja's bitterness
stems from her dissatisfaction with her lot in life;
her family followed Indian tradition and decided
that she should have a husband instead of a career
in medicine.
Underlying the central plot is the desire of four
generations of women to escape preordained
futures. Saroja spends her life dealing with the
reprocussions of a marriage that she was forced
into by a mother obsessed with appearances.
Kamini, on the other hand, shivers alone in Canada
presumably trying to come to terms with her identity and avoid any ancestral pitfalls.
The striking contrasts of a post-colonial world
and the traditions of India work well to create a rich
and textured story; Saroja's sharp tongue is likened
to the sour tamarind fruit, while Kamini's mouth
gets washed clean in the proper
English style. Badami uses the foreign British influence to highlight
the traditions and lifestyle of the
Indian people, a world that
includes mangos, almond oil for
the skin and saris made of "whisper}' fabric like a butterfly's wing."
Badami's language is written to excite the senses and stir the emotions of her reader, and she succeeds. The many passing trains of Saroja's husband's railway job provide a beautiful metaphor for
the characters of Tamarind Mem. This metaphor
works well for the reader who also drifts from station to station with each additional story. Nostalgia
abounds, but by no means is the sole virtue of this
charming novel.
But in the end, the most winning aspect of the
novel has to be decided by each reader. Like any
good story imagination is often the most important
ingrident, Badami has written the recipe, the reader must make the dish. 9
A new way of looking at love
Bloodchild by Octavia Butler
[Seven Stories Press]
 by Richelle Rae
Bloodchild is a small book; it only
has five short stories and two
essays in it, hardly worth noticing. Despite this, take a moment
and read this book. Slowly.
herself sees this story as a love
story; I am inclined to agree with
her. She explores the act of intimacy and love on a level that few
have experienced or would
choose to.
"The Evening and the
Morning and the Night" explores
a catch-twenty-two situation
where the central character is
Octavia Buder has thoughtfully put together a collection of stories reflecting the paradoxes of
the human experience in an elegant and compelling style.
Butter's prose is at once disturbingly observant and mercil-
iously honest; she is a self-
described "hopeful
Butler calls the collection's first story
("Bloodchild) her
"pregnant man story."
She creates a world
where men are put
into a position women
have occupied for centuries—a position where women
are valued solely for their reproductive purposes.
The story explores whether it
is really possible for a man to
make the same physical sacrifice
women are forced to, although
not for the purposes of propagating the human species. Butler
divided between the personal
responsiblity she bares to herself
and society that result from her
genetic illness and the talents
that she posesses because of it.
The questions that Butler poses
are not easy to answer; how
much are the choices we make a
child. What interests Buder is not
the victims or consequences of
incest but rather the story behind
it; this is a sympathetic tale about
incest. It is also a love story.
Something to think about.
What sets this collection apart
from others are the personal
afterwards that Butler has written complimenting each story.
I,^,^— The commentary that
HBBJ Butler gives is not only
POH insightful but also very
HVBJ frank. Buder does not
■■t^ want anyone to preach
OB I her message or inter-
PJl J pret it for the masses.
^^^k Though the stories are
HBO small and decieptively
BBO simple the issues that
BOB Butler tackles are
large., she is not afraid of ideas
or imagination no matter how
horrific the journey may be. The
last two essays in the collection
are auto-biographical accounts of
how difficult it has been for her
to get acceptance and recognition for the work she has done
result of our personality and how
much of it is genetically predetermined?
The other story that stands out
for me is "Near of Kin"; here
Butler writes about the incest
taboo. The story Butler acknowledges grew out of the biblical stories of incest that she read as a
facing a double prejudice for
being a woman and for being
a black woman writing science
Octavia Butler has written ten
novels and received both the
Nebula award and the Hugo
award for her writing in science
fiction. 9
Participating in
gender stereotypes
"Lip Service*' by Kate Fillion
[Published by Harper Collins Ltd]
by Andrea Breau
Women love, men lust Women are nurturing, men are aggressive. These
old stereotypes are repackaged, resold, recycled, and reinforced in best-
selling books, the media and in everyday relations between men and
Most of us are so accustomed to thinking of men and women as psychological opposites, we don't even notice when our actual experiences
contradict our beliefs and social practices. It is crucial to recognise that
while it is possible to make some generalisations based on gender, there
will always be substantial, within gender, variations between individuals.
Perhaps it's a product of my very liberal upbringing, but this is a philosophy I subscribe to. However I admit I've had a difficult time justifying it to other women at times. From my perspective, Kate Fillion's book
is well overdue. Books like this are necessary to help dispell the myths
propagated by and about both sexes.
In real life, argues Pillion, men and women step out of their assigned
roles all the time and behave, think and feel in ways that are supposedly
characteristic of the "opposite" sex. Even though as women we're not
realty "following" these roles, we still pay lip service to them, creating
confusion and complications in our relationships. Myths like "women
are better at caring and sharing" and "women are morally superior" end
up hurting us. Fillion writes as long as women do not give themselves
permission to behave in "masculine" ways, we have only two choices:
deny the reality of our own experiences or suffer guilt and shame for
acknowledging them.
Fillion illustrates her point with some examples of women's life experiences - everything from dealing with the "popular girls" in high school
to work and romantic relationships. Though Fillion's research is technically correct, it does not reflect the diversity of women. Her examples
largely come from white, middle-class, heterosexual.women. Fillion
acknowledges the shoiteoming, citing tbe lack of diversity in existing
research on gender differences for her narrow focus.
Despite its flaws, lip Service is still a very brave book. Fillion succeeds
in smashing some of the most potent sexual stereotypes of our time.
If women want selfdeteronmtion, Fillion asserts, we have to challenge
the idea that agency l» only present in hapj# endings. Women have to resist
the temptation to See from responsiblity because equality doesn't look the
way we thought it would and power is not as glamorous as we hoped. Most
importantly, we must reject the notion of our own essentia innocence. It is
a lie that costs its nothing less than everything, including our power to
"vidims* and less man "8air^*,fiiltyliunian and equ^ 9 Mi
The UBC Arts
Undergraduate Society
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