UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 28, 1977

Item Metadata


JSON: ubysseynews-1.0127332.json
JSON-LD: ubysseynews-1.0127332-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): ubysseynews-1.0127332-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: ubysseynews-1.0127332-rdf.json
Turtle: ubysseynews-1.0127332-turtle.txt
N-Triples: ubysseynews-1.0127332-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: ubysseynews-1.0127332-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array Canada helps build Trident
While a Canadian crown corporation and a local manufacturing firm are helping further the
American nuclear arms policy, a
Socred MLA in Victoria has
proposed a resolution condemning
this same policy.
Skeena • MLA Cyril Shelford's
motion calls for B.C. to express
concern to the Canadian government about development of
nuclear weapon bases like the
Trident submarine base in Bangor,
The Canadian Commercial
Corporation, which is entirely
funded and staffed by the federal
department of supplies and services, has actively solicited at least
one industrial contract stemming
from the Trident weapon system
now being constructed.
The CCC, which acts as a contract broker for Canadian firms
seeking to compete with American
industry, secured a contract for
Heede International Ltd. in Port
Moody to build two boat and
missile loading cranes worth
almost $3.2 million.
The cranes, which can handle the
new Trident 1 missiles,  will be
UEL forum
A third public forum on the
future of the University Endowment Lands will be held within
two weeks, a member of the
"?r-ovincial government's study
Htsam said Thursday.
The third forum, tentatively
scheduled for Feb. 7, is necessary
to clear up problems left after the
most recent forum held Wednesday, Hayne Wai said.
The third forum will include
workshop group discussions that
were cancelled Wednesday night
after the initial presentations took
longer than anticipated.
The forum, which was attended
by 750 people, did not reach any
Peter Frew, environment
minister Jim Nielson's executive
assistant, and Steve Phillips,
another Nielson assistant, also
attended the forum.
The environment department is
responsible for all decisions on the
Considerable opposition to some
of the study team's tentative
conclusions on the UEL was voiced
at the meeting.
Several questioners said there
was a great difference between
public opinions expressed at the
first forum and the team's
proposals presented Wednesday
Questioners also objected to the
proposed $50 million hospital to be
built at UBC. They asked why the
study team had not made any
comment on the hospital's impact
on the area.
The hospital will employ 700
people and probably be located
near Wesbrook Hospital and the
Woodward library, team member
Byron Olson said Wednesday
But he said the study team was
limited by a lack of information on
plans for the new hospital.
UBC was also criticized by
questioners who said the university
doesn't involve the community in
its decisions and never considers
the impact of decisions on the
people living in UEL area.
Peter Larkin, head of the
university's committee on the
UEL, said there were enough
faculty, staff and students living in
the UEL that the university would
consider their opinions  before
Seepage 2: BCDC
Vol. LIX, No. 42
VANCOUVER, B.C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 28, 1977    <*3gB*>4S   228-2301
installed in the submarine tender
U.S.S. Simon Lake, U.S. navy
spokesman Lt.-Cmdr. Roger
Copeland said Thursday.
Copeland said the cranes will
load the new missiles, among other
things, onto the Polaris-Poseidon
submarines which are being back-
fitted to enable them to handle the
The Simon Lake will not be used
as a tender for the Trident submarines, which will be completely
serviced from the shore facilities
at the Bangor base, and so will not
require a tender-ship, Copeland
Corporation secretary Thomas
Coghlan said Thursday the CCC
expects this year to handle about
$100 million worth of contracts for
the U.S. defence department.
He said the corporation solicits
and awards contracts for items
ranging from wire, cables, and
spare aircraft parts to complete
aircraft engines.
And contracts for missile loading
Ron Johnson of the B.C.
Federation of Labor said Wednesday the Pacific Life Community requested a meeting last
November      with      federation
secretary-treasurer Len Guy to
discuss what could be done to
prevent the construction of the
cranes at the Heede plant.
Johnson said the federation
arranged a meeting for December
but cancelled it when Guy became
Johnson said the PLC, a pacifist
group aimed at halting the spread
of nuclear weapons through nonviolent protest, made no further
effort to organize a joint campaign
against construction of the cranes.
"They treated his (Guy's)
sickness as almost a trumped up
excuse to avoid the meeting," he
The federation and the New
Westminster and district labor
council have both sent letters to
Ottawa protesting the building of
the cranes in Canada but received
no response.
Neither labor group had the
jurisdiction to do any more to halt
the construction of the cranes,
Johnson claimed.
Shelford said Wednesday he was
not aware of the Canadian participation in construction of the
Trident system.
He said he did not intend to
change the wording of his
resolution to condemn Canada's
involvement, because such word
changes killed his motion in the
last session.
Shelford and Bob Skelly, NDP
member for Alberni, both proposed
similar but unsuccessful motions
in    the    last    session    of    the
See page 17: TRIDENT
MISSILE-LOADING CRANE . . . built behind barbed wire in Port Moody.
—geof wheelwright photo
$60 fee limits tax form course to rich
UBC is selling expensive advice on how to fill
out income tax returns.
That's right, step right this way. The
executive programs department, for the first
time ever, is offering two three-hour evening
seminars this February at the special rate of
$60. All you wanted to know about the T-l form
but were afraid to ask.
A T-l form is the four-page taxation form
filled out by individuals and unincorporated
businesses every year.
David Lam, commerce instructor who will
give the course, said Wednesday the seminars
will teach people to fill out their own tax
returns. He said people who take the course will
be able to help other people with their tax
Those who can afford the $60 fee will be the
ones to attend the course, David Elder, director
of executive programs and diploma courses,
said Thursday.
"I don't think it's a great deal of money,"
Elder said. "You have similar organizations
downtown. They charge more."
Elder said the tax return preparation course
will make a profit. He said money made by
some courses balances money lost by others.
"We've got to break even and balance the
books at the end of the year," he said. "The
amount we're charging just covers the amount
the lecturers cost."
Among other courses executive programs
off ersare managerial stress and report writing
and analysis, Elder said.
"We try to put on any type of program of
interest, anything which has to do with a
business," he said.
But Axel Zitcher, Vancouver manager of
H&R Block, said his company gives a 27-
session course — 81 hours — about all aspects
of individual taxation for only $75.
"It's not a money-making operation," Zitcher said. "Werun it for a selfish reason."
Zitcher said the course trains H&R Block
employees about taxation and also teaches
interested people about tax forms.
"It's open to the public," Zitcher said.
"Three hundred people took the course in
Vancouver last year. We've had commerce
students from UBC who say they've learned
more than they learned at UBC."
Elder said only six people have enrolled so
far for UBC's course. But he added he expects a
lot more to enroll before the course begins.
At $10 an hour? Page 2
Friday, January 28, 1977
BCDC proposal criticized
From page 1
making any decisions on development.
Larkin said UBC's decisions
about its land were controlled by
the "democratic process at UBC."
He said UBC's governing bodies
have faculty, staff and student representatives to ensure input is
received from all sides before
decisions are made.
(• A proposal to build a research
park, either on UBC land or on the
UEL, was criticized by the
audience and Larkin.
The proposal, by Bob Maclntyre
of the B.C. Development Corporation, asks UBC to allocate 32
acres of land on campus for the
jresearch park. It also asks that 100
acres of UEL land be set aside for
consideration of future expansion
if the park is a success.
BCDC is a provincial government crown corporation.
Maclntyre said the park would
be used for scientific research, and
would not be an industrial park.
He said the research park should
be-located near UBC to encourage
close cooperation between
researchers and the university.
Maclntyre said the research
park would be acceptable to the
UEL community and BCDC would
only expand into the UEL if
residents approved of the initial
One member of the audience
pointed out that BCDC's plans for
the 32 acres include 10 acres of
parking lots and 18 acres of
The majority of the audience
voiced strong disapproval of the
BCDC plan.
"UBC is not in favor of a
research park either on the
campus or the endowment lands,"
Larkin said.
He said it is debatable if
research parks are the best way to
achieve cooperation between the
university, industry and the
"From the information we've
looked at the evidence is that
research parks have achieved very
mixed success," Larkin said.
Maclntyre said eight of 10 UBC
department heads that BCDC has
talked to favor establishing a
research park at UBC, but he
refused to name them.
BCDC handed out a nine-page
report on the proposal to the
The study team outlined several
proposals for future administration of the UEL and a
projection of financial expenditures for the next 10 years,
based on implementation of their
The team recommended any
decisions regarding administration of the park and the
UEL urban areas be reached
through negotiations between the
UEL residents, the provincial
government and UBC.
The most promising options for
administration of the park are
either to make it a provincial park,
a Greater Vancouver Regional
District park or to classify it as a
park under a new or revised UEL
But there are drawbacks to all
three options, the team said.
Administration proposals for the
urban areas of the UEL included
amalgamation with Vancouver,
incorporation of the area into an
independent municipality or
revision of the act which administers the UEL.
Study team member Olson said
financial considerations for the
future of the UEL were too complex to be presented in full. He
outlined possible financing of the
team's proposal, with six options
under the Municipality Act and two
under a revised UEL act.
Now the study team must refine
its conclusions, draft its recommendations, review and refine its
proposals and finalize its report,
Olson said.
The results of a questionnaire
distributed to the audience by the
team asking for their opinions on
UEL land use and administration
will be ready next week, team
member Hayne Wai said.
Tonight in the ballroom, Grad Centre
Full Facilities —  Free Coffee
PRICE      %J
556 SeyiTIOUr St., 682-61 44      Open Thursday & Friday Until 9 p.
7:00-9:00 A.M.
Pancakes and Beverage for 50* Contribution
to CKNW Orphan's Fund
Page 3
New prof evaluation tried out
Like to be the marker instead of the
If you are in one of 150 arts and science
classes included in an Alma Mater Society
course and teacher evaluation, you will get
your chance next month.
The teaching and academic standards
committee of the AMS will distribute a
course and teacher evaluation questionnaire
in February, Pam Willis, arts undergraduate society representative, said
Willis, recently elected to senate, said
TASC will submit its questionnaire to the
senate committee on teaching evaluation
next'week, and ask senate to endorse it.
"We'd like to see senate endorse it and do
it on a campus-wide basis next year," Willis
said. "We have to co-operate with senate
and faculty if it is to be effective."
Willis said the sample questionnaire
would be handed out in 150 to 200 classes in
The questionnaire consists of 19 multiple
choice questions, accompanied by a computer cardon which answers are registered.
"We didn't want something that was too
long, or else students wouldn't fill it in," said
Willis.' 'Right now there are about 20 faculty
and department questionnaires being circulated in arts alone.
"Students fill them out but they don't see
the results."
She said the 20 members of TASC compiled the questionnaire after examining
similar questionnaires used at other
Canadian universities, then submitted the
completed version to UBC faculty members
for comment.
"We sent copies to all instructors on
campus, and we got about 200 replies," said
Willis. "Most of them were overwhelmingly
The committee incorporated some faculty
suggestions into the final draft of the
questionnaire, Willis said.
The questionnaire will be filled out in class
to ensure that all completed questionnaires
are collected. The computer cards will then
be tabulated by committee members, and
eventually published.
In addition to the'answer blanks, there
will be space on the back of the cards for
students to comment on the course or
professor, Willis said.
"These comments won't be published,
though," she said. "We're going to turn in
the computer cards to the profs after
tabulating the results, so they can analyze
the comments."
Willis said  the questionnaires  will  be
The form includes such questions as:
• Overall average last year;
• How many lectures was your instructor
prepared for? and
• How available was your instructor for
help outside class?
Other questions ask students to evaluate
instructors' presentation of course material,
prerequisites for the course, materials
required, quality of seminars and value of
Willis said the sample survey will be
conducted in classes representing courses
from all faculties, including about 30 arts
courses and 20 science courses.
Daycare funds cut
30% in new budget
The Social Credit government is trying to
turn back the clock when it cuts back
daycare funding, former human resources
minister Norm Levi said Tuesday.
"They are trying to rewrite history," he
said. "Every successful human resources
program we (the NDP) implemented they
are in the process of ruining."
In the 1977-78 budget, announced Monday,
the daycare allocation was reduced to
$11,114,212 from $15,964,511, a decrease of
about 30 per cent.
"If we were still in power, our daycare
budget might have been $17 or $18 million,"
Levi said. "Their whole attitude towards
social services is one of 'only dire basic need
deserves money.'
"I would project that by the end of 1977-78,
the daycare system will have been cut in
half. This government is in the process of
destroying a major preventative program."
He said the program is preventative
because it leads to early identification of
problems in children and families, and
keeps people off welfare by freeing them to
Cutbacks will probably be made in the
area of daycare subsidies, Levi said.
Because of this, standards of eligibility for
subsidization will be much higher.
"What is going to happen is some people
who are now eligible for subsidies will lose
this standing. As a result, you are going to
see people who can't afford to put their kids
in daycare going on welfare because they
are not free to work."
He said daycare subsidies cost the taxpayers less than welfare.
"There's no doubt about it that this is a
penny wise, pound foolish sort of thing. If we
have a mother with three children who is
getting $370 a month on welfare, plus maybe
$100 if she is on an incentive program, by
getting her kids in subsidized daycare so she
can work, we've reduced the cost to the
taxpayer to $120," Levi said.
He said the Socred government is
behaving like the government in George
Orwell's novel 1984. "It's like double think."
But Marilyn Dahl, co-ordinator of the
human resources ministry daycare
program said Wednesday the cutback is not
really a cutback.
"The actual expenditure for this year
(1976-77) will not reach the amount
budgeted," she said.
Dahl said she does not anticipate any
changes in the program, but that "most of
us are looking at it with a wait and see attitude."
—ion Stewart photo
STATUE OF LIBERTY play with twist is seen Thursday between Freddy Wood and
grad student centre. Now if Fran Tarkenton could get that high up with that kind of
protection Minnesota Vikings would have walked all over Oakland  Raiders.
Senate candidate asks for recount
A candidate in the recent senate elections
has asked for a recount.
Young socialist candidate Elaine Bernard
said Thursday she wants a recount because
she bst the election by only ,31 votes.
In a letter to the registrar, Bernard said a
Police warn against purse thieves
Thieves on campus have stolen at least
$3,849 cash this year, and the figure may be
much higher.
Constable Gary Murray of the university
RCMP detachment said Thursday the
amount is the total of thefts reported since
Sept. 1.
He said many thefts were probably not
reported, so the actual losses may be far
And, Murray said, the figure does not
include stolen cheques and money lost
because of stolen credit cards.
Most thefts were either wallets or purses,
he said, which the thieves either rifled when
they found or took away.
Residences, libraries, gymnasiums and
exam rooms were favorite places for thieves
to strike, Murray said, because students
often leave purses, wallets and briefcases
un tended in those places.
Murray said he began to work on a
comprehensive file of all theft cases on
campus in September, because he was
aware that thefts were increasing.
He said students have reported 94 thefts.
Nearly all the thefts were the result of
student carelessness, he said, and most
could have been avoided if the victims had
not left money lying around.
Murray said he has not found any pattern
to the thefts because they were not committed by just one person.
"This is just speculation, but I think a
small number of people have been doing it
full time," he said.
Other thefts are committed by people who
see a single chance to rip off some money
and make the most of it, he said.
It is difficult to catch the thieves, he added, because the RCMP have no real
suspects and only a few vague descriptions.
Murray said it is important that all thefts
are reported as soon as they are discovered.
He said apprehension of the thief and
recovery of the stolen money or goods is
almost impossible if the theft is reported
three or four days after it occurred.
Students living in UBC residences can
protect personal property such as
calculators and larger items such as stereos
and televisions by labelling them with their
social insurance number and by taking
advantage of the RCMP's Operation
Identification program.
Under the program, residence students
may borrow engraving tools and get
property identification decals from the
RCMP office located in the university
Constable John Francis, Operation
Identification co-ordinator, said marked
items are much less likely to be stolen, and
stolen articles are more easily recovered
and returned.
recount is justified because "a recount of
the ballots for board of governors found a
discrepancy of 300 votes."
A recheck of the board results last Friday
showed candidate Basil Peters actually
received 1,127 votes instead of the 811
originally reported. There were also smaller
discrepancies in other results.
In her letter, Bernard also complained
about the election procedure, which she said
was undemocratic.
"They (the elections) were undemocratic
from the outset because they were run by
the administration of the university and not
by the students themselves," she said.
Elections to the board and senate are run
by the registrar's office.
And, she said, the principle of secret
ballots was destroyed because voters had to
put their names and student numbers on an
envelope containing the ballots.
"Any pretense of a secret ballot, which
students are entitled to, was a sham,"
Bernard said.
Bernard said the elections were also
undemocratic because only full-time
students were allowed to vote.
Secretary to the registrar Mary Raphael
said the office received Bernard's letter, but
must wait for senate's approval before a
recount can be held. Page 4
Friday, January 28, 1977
Fed should act
on Trident
The B.C. Federation of Labor - a bastion of the
militant left, right?
Wrong. Not any more.
The fed's reaction to the news that a B.C.
manufacturer is building cranes for the Trident nuclear
submarine project indicates that short-term financial gain
has replaced human welfare as the prime concern of the
The fed represents almost all organized workers in
B.C. and as such carries quite a big stick. A "hot"
declaration by the fed could close Heede International, the
crown corporation building the cranes. That would not
only seriously hinder completion of the system but would
draw much public attention (and bad publicity) to the
But the fed so far chooses not to take that action.
But they should close Heede. The federal government
not only doesn't seem too concerned about Trident (the
balance of power, and it's for our own protection and all
that malarkey); it even welcomes the business Trident
brings its corporation.
The provincial government might pass the motion
condemning the project, but that isn't likely to stop
•   Business obviously won't do anything against Trident.
Neither will government. That leaves labor.
Is the federation going to move against Trident, or is
it going to continue to encourage its workers to accept
what in effect is blood money for building a machine that
will make killing easier and more efficient?
Type — please !
Our typists have asked us to pass along a request.
When you're writing those letters, please type them.
Some poor soul spends about two hours each time we put
out a paper, simply typing people's hand-written letters.
But don't let the lack of a typewriter hinder you. Use
one of ours.     And keep those cards and letters coming.
Gears: Good or bad? Ch. MCLX
After reading Anne Fischer's
letter (Letter writer blind and
deaf. Letters, Tuesday) I came to
an important decision.
I may be blacklisted by the
powers that be for this, but I'm
going to come clean anyway. What
would they do to me worse than
shortcircuiting my HP-21?
Besides, as soon as I perfect my
anti-gravity machine I won't need
them, anyhow.
Anne Fischer is suffering from
the apparently quite common
delusion that the engineering
faculty is se.rist. That's simply
ridiculous. We show porno films,
rent prostitutes and print up dirty
literature, not because we are
sexist but because we are
With all the bad publicity we've
been getting over the years, what
lady in any faculty but applied
sciences would be caught dead
with an engineer? To make matters worse, the bad publicity has
scared off so many prospective
ladygearsthatwenowhavea ratio
of 800 to one in our faculty. We have
to get our kicks somehow.
Also, Ms. Fischer has obviously
not researched her subject in
depth. The engineering department provides an invaluable
service to the rest of the campus.
We give you guys something to
Yes, that's right. Everyone
needs somebody to hate. The laws
of our country prevent you from
slandering the racial minorities at
UBC but there's no law against
hating engineers. God, I can't
imagine what would happen
without us. People might get bored
and start hating anybody handy —
differential fees for natives of
Pango  Pango,   pogroms   against
Ubyssey staffers —  God  knows
where it would end.
Now I'd like to tell you about my
decision. The decision was to spill
the beans about the real reason
behind engineering week.
Wouldn't you like to know the
real reason behind the Red Rag,
the Godiva ride, et cetera? Well,
it's this. The engineers and Germaine Greer are acting in concert.
You see, it is a well-known fact to
every revolutionary since Lenin
that the masses are basically
reactionary. The only way to
arouse their interest in rebelling is
to give them something to hate,
something to react against. Well,
we have volunteered to enrage the
women at UBC, forcing them out in
Curb curbs
What is it in the nature of man
that motivates him to undertake
tasks that make miserable the lot
of his fellow beings?
I am referring, of course, to the
sharp curbs that the University
Endowment Lands grounds
committee have installed on the
bicycle path on the south side of
University Boulevard. Not only are
these new curbs unmarked, but
they festoon the entire route.
Tonight I smashed into one and
now my bike looks as though I
regularly take it skydiving.
There are, believe it or not, still
some of us that live off campus. It
would be beneficial to us, as well as
motorists, if the bike route was
returned to its former condition.
David Pollard
applied sciences
the open, forcing them to take an
active part in women's liberation.
Every year we give the women's
group on campus a shot of
adrenalin with our engineering
week. They must get 200 new
members, all foaming at the
mouth, every February.
This year, as the perfect end to
our engineering week plan, we
have persuaded Germaine Gear to
speak at UBC. Perfect timing,
n'est ce pas?
I know that this letter will
probably blow our macho cover,
but what the hell. We're tired of
shouldering the burden of
recruiting new libbers and being
labelled as the bad guys.
David Manery
engineering 1
15 cents for hot water?
What justifies a 15 cent charge
for hot water in SUB cafeteria?
This was the question posed to the
dietitian in charge on Wednesday. I was informed that the
charge was for the service of
heating the water and washing
the mug and spoon.
I can understand a five cent
charge, but since when dpes this
elegant dining establishment rate
the exorbitant prices they
charge? Even McDonald's isn't
that pretentious. Try giving us a
Up your nose, food services.
The Canadian National Institute
for the Blind cafeteria in Scarfe
charges only five cents.
T. Crickmay
education 3
Boycott bank's ads too
It seems rather strange that The
Ubyssey would refuse to accept a
CBC ad on the grounds of
discrimination by the CBC but
would accept an ad placed by the
Bank of Montreal.
JANUARY 28, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
The journalistic illiteracy poll revealed that most Ubyssey staffers
confused Ted Davis with Scoop the Fearless Newshound, Heather Walker
with Marcus Gee and Ralph Maurer with A. Eichmann. Will Wheeler was
often mistaken for Dave Fraser, Kathy Ford was often mistaken for
Verne McDonald, Richard Currie was mistaken for a coat rack and Doug
Rushton was often mistaken. Similarly, Bill Tieleman could not tell
David Morton from George Baugh, or Ian Morton from Bruce Baugh, or
Chris Gainor from all four of them. Larry Green and John Lekich were
often taken for Sue Vohanka, Sheila Burns and Gray Kyles; Paul Wilson
and Rob Little were often taken for Jon Stewart and Jim Maxwell, and
Merrilee Robson was often taken for a ride. Shane McCune was confused
with Brendan Behan and W. C. Fields. Doug Field confused Steve
Howard's ponytail with Michael's Swaan, while a child of four confused
Geof Wheelwright with words of more than two syllables.
The Bank of Montreal has
willingly collaborated on the Arab
boycott, a form of discrimination
much more serious than the
refusal to carry a public service
The Bank of Montreal is also the
bank which is involved in a court
case involving more than $1 million
in kickbacks for unsecured loans
from members of the Greek
The ad states "your CampusBank Card is free . . . free . . .
free." In order to get a CampusBank Card you must have a true
chequing account which pays no
interest. That can hardly be
considered free in these days of
The Ubyssey should not have to
be told what to do by CUP. It
should act now and refuse to accept
Bank of Montreal ads.
Greg Wiley
science 3
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.	 Friday, January 28, 1977
Prejudice threatens Canada
Page 5
Tm a religious man but I'm at the point
now where I say let's take our guns and have
it out with Quebec. If you [Quebecers] win
we'll go back to the countries our parents
came from but if you lose, you go back to
France and we'll start building a country
that speaks only English."
— An Albertan,
quoted by the Montreal Star.
There was a time in Canada when such a
comment would have been met with scorn.
To our collective shame that is a time which
lies behind us. This is prejudice — the sort of
prejudice which has the potential of tearing
a country apart.
Where does this prejudice come from?
Can we find a solution to the problems underlying this prejudice — knowing that in
this solution may be the only hope for
Canada's next decade?
Canada at no time in her history could be
described as dynamic or influential. Yet
ours has been a proud history, filled with
traditions of justice, equality, and reason.
She was the peace-keeper, the libertarian,
mother-country of Pearson and Bethune.
She was the nation which prompted Winston
Churchill to say, "There are no limits to the
majestic future which lies before the mighty
expanse of Canada with its virile, aspiring,
cultured, and generous-hearted people."
Winston, we have made a liar out of you.
We are now a sterile, apathetic, narrow-
minded, and selfish people. We are victims
of that irrational and most destructive
collective emotion: prejudice. And yes,
Canada, it not only can, but has happened
Canada has become the tragic victim of
historical irony. In the late 1930s and early
1940s Canada and the rest of the world were
the unwilling witnesses to the treatment of
Jews by Nazi Germany. In the 1950s and
1960s Canadians looked across the border
and saw prejudice in segregated schools and
race riots. The 1970s gave us Ireland and
The country which had survived one
hundred years with two cultures, which had
welcomed the victims of prejudice with open
arms sat back smugly and knew it could not
happen here.
Then came October, 1970 and the FLQ
crisis — some Quebecers were not happy
with confederation. In the next six years it
became apparent that others weren't happy
either. There was great depth of feeling
about biculturalism, air traffic control, the
Olympic deficit, Bill 22 and bilingual
labelling. Then came November, 1976 and
the problem could no longer be ignored. The
nation which had been revulsed by the Nazi
treatment of Jews, which had scorned the
American treatment of the blacks, which
was still watching the experiences of
Northern Ireland and Lebanon in horror
allowed itself to be drawn into the depths of
This prejudice which has eaten and
continues to eat away at other nations is on
the verge of committing its greatest
atrocity: the destruction of a once-sound
nation with its promise of greatness unfulfilled.
Canada, once the model of equality, is
threatened by a prejudice which bears the
label "Made in Canada."
Prejudice exists everywhere. The lengths
to which we go individually and collectively
in our attempts to control its influence is a
measure of our civilization. Prejudice must
be fought whenever and wherever it appears. And with the greatest vigor in the
tragic case when it is the irrational response
to   a   misunderstood problem.
Such is the case in Northern Ireland where
the bombs of the Catholics are thrown at the
Protestant establishment of money and
power. The individual Catholic does not hate
the individual Protestant. And in Lebanon
cue mvBow
the slaughter of the past year cannot be
attributed to hatred of individual Christians
but to the feelings the Moslems have of
inferiority and impotency.
Similarly, Canadians in the West do not
hate the individual French-Canadian. Our
prejudice is not even rooted in a dislike of
the French-Canadian's language, culture, or
physical characteristics. It is rooted in the
psyche of Western Canada and manifested
in our distrust of the eastern establishment,
our sense of being a colony whose interests
are neglected by the colonial office in Ottawa. We perceive the east as having the
sort of power Protestants have had in
Ireland and Christians in Lebanon.
In looking for a scapegoat for our sense of
powerlessness we have found the French-
Canadians and Quebec. We perceive Quebec
as having been given the individual attention of the federal government to the
exclusion of our interests. The Montreal
Star gave an example of the whole problem:
"Recently the federal government built a
new, seven-booth facility at the main border
crossing from the US just south of Vancouver. During the heaviest return-home
period of the Thanksgiving weekend, only
three — and sometimes only two — of those
booths were staffed, causing massive
lineups. The reason, as it has been on other
weekends is that Ottawa has cut back on
customs and immigration staff
"Maybe the same cuts have been made at
crossings into Quebec and Ontario. The B.C.
resident does not know and does not care.
All he knows is that the federal government
— not 'his' government — has forced him to
spend several hours in a boiling-over car in
order to save a few bucks which will
probably be spent on providing free French
lessons to some MP's wife who, surely,
could afford to pay for them if they are
Bilingualism, air-control, the Olympic
deficit, Bill 22, the War Measures Act.
Because of the association of our distrust of
the federal government with their concerns
in Quebec we automatically take one side in
any argument on these issues — often
"French should not be forced down our
throats;" we have never been forced to
learn French and we know no one who
honestly finds it a burden to turn a package
over to read the English.
"English is the only language of the air;"
patently untrue — in Switzerland, for
example, English, French, German, and
sometimes Italian are used for air-traffic
This is not to say that we are always
wrong in our opposition — even that tribute
to bureaucracy, the federal government,
makes mistakes. For example, Keith
Spicer, the commissioner of the Official
Languages Act, considers-bilingualism and
biculturalism legislation, enlightened as it
may be, to have been badly implemented.
Bill 22, Quebec's ill-conceived language act,
is a response to their fears about cultural
sovereignty as irrational as ours about the
We must recognize, therefore, that we are
anti-French-Canadian, anti-Quebec without
reason. We have made an irrational
response to the "eastern" problem, and this
response is prejudice.
Trudeau termed the extraordinary undertaking that is Canada "so advanced on
the road to liberty, in the way of justice and
of prosperity that to abandon it now would
be a sin . . .against humanity." Although it
is neither fashionable nor popular to agree
with Mr. Trudeau today he is undeniably
correct. This nation seems bent on turning
its back on her own destiny; we have our
fingers on the self-destruct button and the
waves of prejudice which are washing over
this nation are bringing us closer and closer
to self-destruction.
Chink shows in armor of Yellow Knight
"At last a Knight in Yellow armor has
arisen from the yellow horde to fight the
evil bigotry against Chinks by the resident
racist named HGE in the Angus second
floor men's washroom. This brave warrior
fighting for the rights of the yellow man
possesses a barbed wit and a flair for the
riposte equal in brilliance to the depths of
irrationality possessed by the terrible
All the joking aside, as anyone who has
frequently used the second floor men's
washroom in Angus knows the above is a
tongue-in-cheek synopsis (albeit biased
- against HGE) of the events of this school
term that have occurred on the walls of the
toilet cubicle second from the window.
Of course I am referring to the unique
racist graffiti on those walls. I for one have
not seen any other like it anywhere on
Being a humble user of the second floor
can from a couple of years back I noticed
kthe emergence of HGE, a self-proclaimed
spokesman for the silent white majority
who seems to experience great pleasure in
defaming the members of the yellow race
by way of various terms and uncomplimentary diagrams.
Until quite recently, HGE was unchallenged in his antics — probably
ignored by the more rational members of
fhehuman race. However, another graffiti
artist calling himself The Chink has taken
it upon himself to respond to the anti-
yellow platitudes expounded by HGE.
Unfortunately where one might have
hoped for a rational and well-thought-out
attack on HGE's opinions The Chink has
resorted to replies that are characterized
by a banality and irrationality second only
to those of HGE's whose, by the way, are
notable in their childishness by scratching
out everything said against him and
labelling all his critics homosexuals.
It seems to me, and this is my own
opinion, that this type of mindless
response to people of a different race and
culture is one of the most serious problems
facing this country. Be the fellow white,
yellow, or even French, if we can't live in
peace with each other then this so-called
beautiful country is doomed.
This fellow called HGE is a particularly
reprehensible example of the narrow-
minded fools in this country who think they
can make it better by throwing everybody
different out. His authority for his actions
by representation of the silent majority is
consistent with the pattern followed by
those who take it upon themselves to guide
or lead a minority view be it leftist or
rightist, a la Spiro Agnew, and we all know
how he ended up.
In all cases the silence of the majority is
evidence of the fact that these movements
of thought do not exist in significant
numbers except perhaps in the mind of the
pathetic person writing on the walls with
his pants around his ankles.
If I am to criticize the childish games of
HGE I should not conclude without
remarking on the immature responses of
The Chink to HGE. By labelling the
remarks of HGE as the stereotyped response of a "dumb white" places The
Chink in the same Neanderthal class of
human intelligence to which HGE belongs.
The copious slander produced by both
parties regarding each other's virility,
heterosexuality and penis size is ridiculous
if not irrelevant.
Suffice to say that both sides are
especially asinine in their reactions and
the sooner they grow up the sooner the
image of UBC students will improve in the
eyes of the physical plant janitors and the
racial atmosphere of this university and
country might improve as well.
For some obscure reason, the fellow who
wrote the foregoing opinion piece chose to
remain   anonymous. Page 6
Friday, January 28, 1977
Gigantic Savings on all Marantz Audio Components
125 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2220B AM/FM
20 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than .5%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2275 AM/FM
75 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.2%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2215B  AM/FM
15 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 40Hz to
20kHz, with no more than .8%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2250B AM/FM
50 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than .25%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
Ill    111"
ill   HI
125 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2235B AM/FM
35 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than .25%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
75 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
2225 AM/FM
25 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than .5%
Total Harmonic Distort ran.
•   • * •   •
75 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
n #
35 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.3%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
20 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.3%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
150    AM/FM
18-Pole Linear Phase IF Filter.
Phase Locked Loop FM Multiplex
Demodulator. Built-in 3-inch Oscilloscope Display. 25uS FM Dolby
De-emphasis Network.
125    AM/FM
18-Pole Linear Phase IF Filter.
Phase Locked Loop FM Multiplex
Demodulator. 25uS FM Dolby De-
emphasis Network.
112     AM/FM
Phase Locked Loop FM Multiplex
Demodulator. 25uS FM Dolby De-
emphasis Network. Dual-Purpose
AM/FM Tuning Meter.
» •*• ••* m m
• • ••
• r\ r-<fn* '
104   AM/FM
Phase Locked Loop FM Multiplex
Demodulator. Dual-Purpose
AM/FM Tuning Meter. FM Muting.
.02% THD, .01% IM Distortion (3
volts output). Variable Frequency
Tone Turnover Points. Professional
Graphic Bass, Mid and Treble Controls. Tape Monitoring Circuitry for
Two Tape Decks.
DC Servo Direct Drive Motor System. Pitch Controls with Strobe.
Opto-Coupled Auto-Lift and Shut-
off. Damped Cueing, Anti-Skating,
Dust Cover and Base.
.05% THD, .05% IM Distortion (3
volts output). Variable Frequency
Tone Turnover Points. Professional
Graphic Bass, Mid and Treble Tone
Controls. Tape Monitoring Circuitry for Two Tape Decks.
150 Watts per Channel at 4 Ohms,
126 Watts per Channel at 8 Ohms,
Minimum RMS, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
140    STEREO
75 Watts per Channel, Minimum
RMS at 8 Ohms, from 20Hz to
20kHz, with no more than 0.1%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
SYSTEM      HD-44
3-Way System
incorporating an
8 - inch Woofer,
3-inch Midrange
and 3 - i nch
city: 60
gram material.
SYSTEM       HD-55
3-Way System
incorporating an
8 - inch Woofer,
414-inch Mid-
range and
11/2-inch Wide
Dispersion LPF
Dome Tweeter.
Power Handling
Capacity: 100
4300  STEREO 2 +
100 Watts per Channel for Stereo,
40 Watts per Channel for Quad-
radial, Minimum RMS at 8 Ohms,
from 20Hz to 20kHz, with no more
than .15% Total Harmonic Distortion.
Dolby Noise Reduction System.
Professional 3%-inch VU Meters.
Peak LED Indicator. Mic/Line Mixing, Master Level Control. 3-Posi-
tion Tape EQ and Bias Selector.
2699 W. Broadway
"The Finest For Less" fT
■■■■■ *^-vJ^-*ssflfe. 5*-^,.y.^ .*-■; .
V    -     "fc      *l*-. U <	
'-'    x..
.    ■■'■:.. .  _
'      ■   A.*J.>?■ -:   *J|&::   *■■     -.'J..fc^T:  'Vv.1 ■S0SgjV   V?_'       "
*^:v^-^.;...-..-. entertainment
Steve Miller cancels flight
Steve Miller flew less like an
eagle than like a turkey at his
concert Wednesday night at the
Coliseum. Poor pacing, a bad
sound mix and sloppy playing
combined to produce a lacklustre
and at times boring performance.
When Miller came on stage he
was accorded a thunderous
ovation, complete with enough lit
matches to illuminate the
Coliseum in a dull, yellow glow.
This reception indicates the
popularity Miller has achieved
with his latest album, Fly Like An
Eagle, from which he has had
three hit singles. Although none of
those hits are as good as much of
Miller's previous work, the constant airplay of those songs has
fixed Miller's name in the mind of
the public and gained him a
However, the excitement that
greeted Miller was not matched by
his performance. Even the hit
songs most of the audience had
come to hear were delivered
without energy or precision. Any
time Miller generated tension with
a song he dissipated it with the
following number.
A sound mix that obscured
vocals and obliterated some of the
guitar solos ensured the ruination
of many of the songs Miller performed. Miller used his own surprisingly incompetent sound crew.
During one guitar solo, the volume
of the rhythm guitar rather than
the lead guitar was turned up. The
bass lines were never distinct and
the keyboards may as well not
have been there.
The sound mix was not the only
problem. A major fault of the set
was its pacing. Miller started off
with second-rate material from his
latest and upcoming albums, with
the result that the performance
was a long time in getting off the
ground. Songs such as Look
Through My Window, which were
only marginally successful the
first time around, lost rather than
gained impact in live performance.
Miller  has   a   10-year   recording
career from which to draw and it is
extremely annoying when he insists on playing inferior music
simply because it is more current.
But the worst aspect of the show
was the band itself. The group
played sloppily and missed chord
changes. The transitions from
verse to chorus were awkward and
the solos were pointless and not
integrated properly into the songs.
Going to Mexico was destroyed
simply because the band was not
tight enough. Going to the Country,
which Miller announced would let
the band stretch out, was merely
an excuse for long-winded and uninteresting solos from the various
band members. The band included
drums, bass, keyboards, harmonica, two other guitarists and
Miller. The band members seemed
competent but played carelessly.
Miller's guitar playing was
atrocious^ His recorded work
demonstrates that he is capable of
playing fluid, bluesy guitar, but the
solos he took were ragged and
thoughtless. The guitar solo in Fly
Like An Eagle, during which Miller
used an echo effect on his guitar,
was the most boring moment of a
dull concert.
There were some high points in
the show. Living in the U.S.A.,
from Miller's second album,
combines urgent rhythms and
catchy rhythm and blues phrasing
with stunning effect. Miller's
guitar solo in that number was his
only good one of the night and the
band played well. Gangster of
Love, Jellyroll and Your Cash Ain't
Nothin' But Trash were also good
songs well played. They showed
that occasionally Miller can turn
interesting lyrics and rhythmic
guitar work into a song.
The good moments of the concert
showed that Miller is an artist
capable of delivering a much
better performance than the one he
gave on Wednesday night. Miller's
best work is behind him. Maybe
next time he'll forget about
pushing his new material and
concentrate on playing music.
"Some people call me lousy"
<t *4^^/T| 1/1 }^o^dance Keitaurant (  jkk
ft   ^t-/C/I W/t^ OPEN FOR LUNCH 11:30   1251 Ho^st. '
C" J DINNER FROM 6:00 6843043
— geoff wheelwright photos
. flies like a turkey into rock and roll oblivion
Author misses point
In Wagner and Nietzsche,
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, one of
the more feted tenors of our day,
attempts to analyze the friendship
of these two giants of the last
Wagner and Nietzsche
By Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Published       by      McGraw-Hill
$14.95 hardcover
In the preface to his book,
Fischer-Dieskau states that the
friendship the two men shared and
then abandoned can only be fully
explained by emphasizing that
"Wagner's great appeal to, and
influence on, Nietzsche are tightly
interwoven with the philosopher's
ambitions as a composer."
While Fischer-Dieskau presents
a balanced and complete view of
the two mens' attitudes towards
each other the emphasis he places
on Nietzsche's musical aspirations
cannot be justified by the evidence
he cites to support that thesis.
Music itself was not important to
their relationship. What brought
them together were their initially
shared philosophical ideas, particularly regarding Schopenhauer.
Even though Fischer-Dieskau
does not bring out this idea explicitly it is implied, so he cannot
be faulted for being unaware of it.
The error which he makes is that
of mistaking music, the vehicle for
expressing their similar spiritual
values, with the values themselves.
In itself this is a minor error but
such errors recur throughout the
whole of Wagner and Nietzsche
and obscure the valid points that
Fischer-Dieskau makes.
Another bothersome aspect of
the book is the surfeit of unnecessary background detail.
Fischer-Dieskau relates at
length the domestic affairs of the
Wagners. Some of this material is
useful to gain an understanding of
the personalities of Richard and
Cosima Wagner but much of it is
Fischer-Dieskau overcomes his
preoccupation with homely details
only in the second half of the book
where he competently illustrates
how the two friends were forced to
become enemies.
Nietzsche realized that he had
little in common with Wagner.
The "Master's" nationalism and
anti-semitism at first embarrassed
Nietzsche. Later, as he became
embittered because of the public's
misunderstanding of his own work,
he became shriller in his criticisms
of Wagner.
Nietzsche took Parsifal to be the
epitome of the decadence of
Wagner's work. He was especially
dismayed at Wagner's embrace of
Christianity, since Wagner had
been, like himself, a disciple of
Even though Nietzsche realized
that his philosophy was
dramatically opposed to Wagner's
he admitted his debt to Wagner. He
knew that he couldn't have
developed his contrary philosophy
without having understood
However, Wagner never could
understand how Nietzsche, who
was once the faithful errand boy,
could become such a tenacious
enemy. Cosima Wagner believed
from the beginning of the rupture
that Nietzsche had suffered a
mental collapse.
In spite of the frequent lapses in
style and emphasis, Fischer-
Dieskau's book would be interesting for anyone with little
knowledge about Wagner or
Nietzsche. But for someone who
knows the two well it is
exasperatingly slow to get to the
JANUARY 28th, 29th, 30th — 8:00 P.M.
Advance Tickets: $3.00 — Day ol Show: $3.50
Friday, January 28, 1977
Page Friday' 2
THE        UBYSSEY Skittish sadly skirts satire
If playwright Mary Baldridge intended
Canadian Skittish to be a.witty comment on
Canada, she was not successful. The play
failed to come close to any kind of amusing
analysis of the Canadian national scene.
A Calgary native, Mary Baldridge is the
author of a volume of poetry and three
plays. Canadian Skittish is the first of her
plays to be staged in Vancouver. It takes the
form of 25 short skits with themes ranging
from specifically Canadian subjects to
universal themes such as women's
liberation, suicide and divorce.
Canadian Skittish
By Mary Baldridge
At City Stage
Until Feb. 12
The playwright's intention in writing
Canadian Skittish was to produce a series of
amusing vignettes which, put together,
would present a cross-section of Canada and
It is a theme with considerable potential
which, if it had been handled skilfully, could
have produced an amusing and meaningful
play. Canadian Skittish, however, does little
more than half-heartedly mock some
already overworked Canadian foibles.
It is a theme with considerable potential
which, if it had been handled skilfully, could
have produced an amusing and meaningful
play. Canadian Skittish, however, does little
more than half-heartedly mock some
already overworked Canadian foibles.
It is surprising that a director as
respected as Ray Michaels, should choose to
produce a play like Canadian Skittish. But if
it hadn't been for his talent the play would
have failed even more dismally.
The cast is comprised of experienced City
Stage regulars Diana Belshaw and Leroy
Schulz, as well as company debutantes Guy
Bannerman and Kathleen Flaherty.
All four actors take numerous and varied
roles, and overcome some awkward staging
to turn in creditable performances.
However, the lack of any character development and the superficiality of the majority
of the skits leaves little room for exceptional
acting performances.
The cast must be given credit for performing as well as they did considering a
disheartening audience attendance. The
City Stage Theatre holds only about 100
seats and yet even on a Friday evening the
theatre was little more than a third full.
Canadian Skittish is certainly not a hallmark in Canadian theatre. Yet if it is sad as
a play, it is even sadder as a national
statement. What comes through most
clearly throughout the play is the
playwright's obvious cynical, deprecating
attitude toward her fellow Canadians.
The attempt by Mary Baldridge to create
a cross-section of Canadiana has failed
completely. If satire is to be successful it
must be pointed at something specific.
However, the vague, disjointed nature of the
skits leaves one unclear of just what the
playwright wishes to satirize.
CANADIAN SKITTISH .. . little more than a half-hearted frolic of overworked Canadian foibles
Gravity holds Kate down
Katharine Hepburn in A Matter of Gravity
came and played eight performances at the
Queen Elizabeth Theatre last week and
fortunately it didn't stay longer.
This is not to say that the star or the
material were loathsome or ineffectual. But
the performance of this play, with a star
placed in the middle, to an audience of 3,000
curious fans seems somehow barbaric.
A Matter of Gravity
With Katharine Hepburn
Directed by Noel Willman
At the Queen Elizabeth Theatre
It may seem unnecessary to publish a
review at this time, but reviews were unnecessary even before the show got here.
Tickets were sold out, no one was expecting
a good play and everyone was expecting a
great performance from its star. Katharine
Hepburn wasn't great, but she wasn't bad
There were people who didn't seem
disillusioned at all the effort put into
something as basically poor as A Matter of
Gravity. People were determined to find A
Matter of Gravity a great event because of
Hepburn's reputation. If the play didn't
make the actress, then the actress didn't
make the play either.
The curtain rises on Ben Edwards'
beautiful set, and it gets applause. In each
act Katharine Hepburn's entrance was also
applauded, and we all stood up at the end,
which seemed fair; after all, she took a lot of
trouble to get here.
With the Enid Bagnold play itself there is
a certain lift — the wittiness and the lines
Hepburn gets laughs for. There are lines like
"Mrs. Basil, half the kitchen is blown
down." "Cook in the other half." One
character reveals she is a mulatto by
saying, "my father's as black as your hat."
After a while the dialogue comes in waves
of thought, and the bits of wit become
stretched to breaking point.
Everything that is worst about English
upper-class folklore seems to be there: a
good fairy who flies offstage where we can't
see, the struggles to retain one's nobility and
property and heritage (which win, over the
intellectual struggles to get rid of them).
The characters are well etched, alright,
but after a while the author doesn't know
what to do with them except make them
exchange witticisms.
The actors, an experienced, admirable
group, fit into the scheme and become the
best part of what they're involved in.
Snobbish intellectuals, desperate
homosexuality and class struggle pepper
the almost inexplicable plot. At the crest of
it is the Hepburn character, an old woman
who reacts to it all with the winning charm
she was brought up to have.
The cast featured Richard Kelton, Paul
Harding, Charlotte Jones as the whimsical
cook, and other fine performers. Noel
Willman directs with good movement and
pace; Hepburn played the role in a
wheelchair, and added fluidity and
dimension among the conventional pacing
about with her expert acrobatics.
Many people consider Katharine Hepburn
a great movie actress. Yet the attraction of
seeing the play is of seeing a star on stage,
not of seeing a stage star.
In this context it's rather shameful to see
a personality with the intelligence and sense
we know she has appearing in a runt of a
play in a cavernous hall. It's like going to a
circus to see one well-trained animal.
Twenty-five years ago she toured in As
You Like It. She could be Lady Macbeth —
imagine the joy at hearing her say, "A
foolish thought to say a sorry sight" — but
instead she chooses to inject all her personality, which she often does to a film, into
A Matter of Gravity.
It's a good performance, in that she's very
alert to nuances and gestures, and it does
have all the force of Hepburn. But it's
depressing to see a star like her in a role that
might easily have been played by any lesser
known actress of distinction for six weeks at
the Arts Club. Neither any actress nor the
play deserves much more, certainly not all
this hullaballoo and commercialism.
All those people who went to see
Katharine Hepburn in A Matter of Gravity
would probably do so again at a moment's
notice. There's no good saying it's a pity, or
being smug about it. The performance
satisfied the pre^teenager in all of us with its
pretty view of life, the refined laughs, the
excitement of anticipation, and most of all
with the thrill of that shining personality
before us — too great to reach out to, too
awesome to be touched by.
Share the Long Distance feeling with someone you love ©Trans-Canada Telephone System
Friday, January 28, 1977
Page Friday, 3 books
Polish culture chronicled
The Canadian Government
recently began a program of
cultural enrichment by commissioning a series of histories on
the ethnic groups which comprise
the Canadian mosaic. A Member of
aDistinguishedFamily is the story
of Polish immigration and settlement in Canada.
The study encompasses all
aspects of the movement of
families from Poland to Canada
from the 1850's on with particular
emphasis on, with particular
emphasis on the situation after
settlement within Canada.
There were five phases of Polish
immigration. In the earliest of
these phases the immigrants were
poor, uneducated, unskilled, but
hard working. They were
categorized as 'non-preferred' by
the Canadian Immigration
authorities, which meant they
were barely tolerated. Their place
was on the lowest rung of the socioeconomic ladder.
The early immigrants were often
the victims of abuse and
discrimination from the host
Canadian society. One Anglican
bishop in Saskatchewan wrote a
letter to his parishioners urging
them to protest the arrival of
"dirty, stupid, reeking of garlic,
undesirable Continental
From these early beginnings the
Poles in Canada have grown in
stature and respectability since at
the present time they are regarded
as an integral part of this country.
In part this about-face in Canadian
attitude may be due to later phases
of Polish immigration (particularly after 1945) which have
been characterized by the arrival
of well-educated, skilled and
professional people.
The problems of Polish immigrants in Canada have been
manifold but are not unlike those
problems experienced by most
other ethnic groups who settle in a
new cotintry. Because almost all
early Poles coming to Canada were
illiterate and uneducated, there
were problems of communication
which sometimes resulted in
conflict with native born
Canadians. Issues faced by all
Poles at one time or another included problems of identity, of
loyalty to Canada versus Poland,
maintenance of the Polish
.language, customs and tradition,
and the shock of adjustment to a
new country and culture.
Probably no problem associated
with immigration and resettlement was harder to accept
than the changes brought about in
the traditional Polish family
structure. Within Canada Polish
wives and children suddenly found
themselves capable of exercising
more control and choice in their
affairs instead of being the passive
recipients of unilateral paternal
decisions. Because children had to
attend Canadian schools and start
^ff fffffl^^^^n
POLISH IMMIGRANT FAMILY . . . "dirty, stupid, reeking of garlic, undesirable . . ."?
■Blinking in Canadian terms they
very quickly moved away from the
traditional interdependence of the
Polish family unit and tended to
seek their independence much
sooner. Polish elders suddenly
found themselves parcelled off to
old people's homes because there
was   no   longer   room   for   them
"sOCTHUf S . . .gradually replaced as immigrants move into mainstream
within the new family set-up. In all
of this there were, of course,
changes in the authority and role of
husband, wife, and children.
To cope with the diverse
problems of Poles in Canada
numerous organizations were
established. These included church
groups, lay societies, and even
political organizations. The verdict
is not in yet but the success of these
organizations has been mixed.
The Polish group in Canada
today consists of four or five
'types.' First, there are the 'Poles
in Canada' whose frame of
reference remains Poland and
Polish culture. These people
cannot accept Canadian norms and
they dream only of returning home
to their native country. Then there
are 'Polish Canadians' who see
themselves as New Canadians.
They are thoroughly imbued with
Polish values but at the same time
they strive to become members of
their adopted society. The
'Canadian Polish' have adjusted
fully to their new environment and
have successfully resolved their
two frames of reference. Although
this group retains symbolic and
emotional ties with Polish culture
and tradition it also recognizes
Canada as a permanent home and
a nation worthy of its first
allegiance. Finally there are the
'Canadians of Polish Background'
who were either born in Canada or
who arrived here as young
children. These people have only
vague notions of Polish culture and
tradition and identify first and
foremost with Canada.
The authors of this study see the
Polish group in Canada today at a
crossroads. The real issue is
whether the group will become
totally assimilated into the larger
and more dominant Canadian
society or make increased efforts
to retain some of its distinct
cultural heritage? Although much
'Polishness' is being lost through
inter-marriage, acceptance of new
values, etc. the authors feel the one
brightspot in this area is the recent
interest shown by Polish young
people in their origins and culture.
In a word, they are optimistic that
'Anglicization' will not destroy this
unique group in our society.
Marchand runs off at the mouth
Just Looking, Thank You is an
irritating book. Not irritating
because it makes the reader
squirm with self-recognition or
guilt, but because of the author's
writing style and his attitudes
towards his subjects.
Just Looking, Thank You
By Philip Marchand
Published by Macmillan
208 pages, $10.95 hardcover
Philip Marchand's book is
subtitled An Amused Observer's
View of Canadian Lifestyles. It
consists of 16 non-fictional pieces
covering topics ranging from
glitter bars in Toronto to spiritual
communes in Vancouver.  It has
great potential which unfortunately js not realized.
One of the main reasons for its
failure is Marchand has little
sympathy for the people about
whom he writes. Because of his
patronizing attitude, after three or
four of his vignettes it is difficult to
read the book objectively.
Although few specific items can be
pinpointed which illustrate Marchand's attitude, it is an overall
impression the reader gets.
The author's annoying habit of
putting down anything he doesn't
agree with, is illustrated by gems
such as "Richard, Leonard, all you
people chanting the Koran, you
spiritual communards getting high
in rooms with incense ashes
smouldering in delicate  brass
Creative Arts
This is yous chance to shine.
Page Friday will be publishing
its annual Creative Arts issue an
M;n-  t
Uc M'-r looking fur >huri .-tono.-..
pm-m- lyaphic- .ind phutOiir.ipha
h\ I IfCMudenlh Eiitnw- should U1
-.ubmilled »o I'uri1 Fridav The
n>vsM'\. K«w>m 241K, MB. by
l'rb 25
A book prize will lie awarded to
the submission considered by the
staff to bo the best. So include your
nil me and a phone number or an
.nHrrt»i when-> nu i-iin !«■ ri\u'lit"i
PtfUi- l-'riil.i\ will ncil he
ri'sjmiisihlo lor rctitrniiii; »uh
missions so kivp a «ip> Howe-wr.
we will try lu return all submissions accompanied by a self
jddrnssed stamped envelope
incense holders —if you could hear
yourself talk you'd certainly
wonder about yourselves, too, so
devoid of feeling is your
It's unfortunate that Marchand
doesn't take his own advice.
While some people do take
themselves too seriously, that does
not give people like Marchand the
right to go around making condescending statements.
A truly objective writer, unlike
this author, does not sneer at his
subjects. This book is
unquestionably a case of "I am a
reporter, and I shall tell you what's
wrong with your lifestyle, and why
you are so stupid."
Marchand's "reporting" is
biased. He has difficulty deciding
whether he is reporting or
editorializing. And his writing is
technically poor, particularly his
sentence structure.
There appears to be some confusion in Marchand's mind about
the difference between a sentence
and a paragraph. A long sentence
is one thing, but it's quite another
when the reader has to return to
the beginning because he has
forgotten the subject of the sentence .
For example, in Mating Dances
Beneath the Basketball Hoop,
Marchand writes "Six years ago at
this same high school, around the
time everyone had found out from
reading the* weekend supplements
that the folkways and mores of the
young were changing radically,
that there was a sexual revolution
underway in perhaps the very high
school your son or daughter attended, and the new teen rebels
were not James Dean and Natalie
Wood — no, not those reckless,
tormented teenagers from the
past, with their Wildroot and their
charm bracelets, pony tails and the
blue jeans with tough cuffs on
them, sweet in the memory now
that they have disappeared forever
— this new bunch were far worse,
their very brain cells were being
stewed and mutated by exotic
weeds and chemicals — at that
moment in history, as I say, one
could be more precise about what
was going on at places like
Malvern Collegiate Institute."
How Marchand can call himself
a reporter after such severe attacks of verbal diarrhea is beyond
comprehension. Any copy editor,
when presented with such wordiness, would be more than likely
to take out a pencil and start
But despite sneers and put-
downs, there are some redeeming
qualities in Marchand's work. His
reporter's   eye   still   functions
reporter's eye functions
precisely, pinning down familiar
sights and details. A discussion of
Toronto from the point of view of a
young woman from a small Northern Ontario town (Learning To
Love the Big City) is accurate and
His descriptions of teenage
women would fit many of the young
women who attend Vancouver high
But Marchand's unsympathetic
sniping and self-conscious writing
turn what could have been brilliant
commentaries on Canadian
lifestyles into nothing more than
tedious ramblings.
Page Friday, 4
Friday, January 28, 1977 /
Greenpeace saves seals
The seal hunt is not a pleasant thing to
watch. The method of killing alone is enough
to inspire protest against the hunt let alone
the Harp seal's threatened extinction.
Every year during February and March,
the ice floes of Labrador run red with the
blood of baby seals, slain in their second
week of life. The air is filled with a chorus of
death wails and screams. The seal mothers
stand by helplessly and watch their offspring being brutally clubbed and skinned.
Often the sealer's club is not quite accurate, and though the seal pup is quiet, it
may be alive while its skin is being torn off.
Sometimes a pup continues its struggle after
the skin is taken. It eventually dies of loss of
blood or shock.
But the sealing industry provides a
livelihood for out-of-work Newfoundland
fishermen. They are either hired by the
commercial fleets, or they can form their
own private groups and work as landsmen.
Either way the seal hunt makes ends meet
for many Newfoundlanders.
It is the commercial seal hunters that may
be blamed for the species' threatened extinction. In 1900 the federal fisheries
estimated the Harp seal population as 20
million. In 1964, there were only three
million. And last year there was less than
one million.
If sealing continues at its present rate, the
Harp seal will be extinct in five to 10 years.
In November of 1975, the federal minister
of fisheries, Romeo Leblanc, said the seal
hunt for the 1976 season would either be
banned or the quota severely decreased. He
made this statement in response to scientific
evidence indicating that the Harp seal was
an endangered species.
The industry held its breath until a few
months before the opening of the season
when, out of the blue, Leblanc set the seal
quota at 127,000.
The quota was divided into two parts. The
commercial sealers were allowed to kill
97,000 seals, while the private sealers, the
landsmen, were allowed 30,000.
But the quotas were ignored. Instead
there were 169,000 seals taken — 71,000 by
the landsmen. An overkill of 41,000.
Despite further figures indicating the
danger the species is in, the minister of
fisheries raised this year's seal quota to
In 1975, Vancouver's Greenpeace Foundation launched its first anti-sealing seal
campaign. Known then for its anti-nuclear
and save the whale crusades, this new endeavor was the result of an expanding
The seal protest was to involve going to
the Labrador ice floes and physically interfering with the seal hunt.
Non-vio lence
Being a non-violent organization, their
tactics included spraying the seals with a
harmless green dye, rendering the seal fur
commercially worthless. The seals would
shed their furs shortly after the hunt was
Other plans were to physically block the
icebrakers from landing kayaks on the ice,
and placing their own bodies between the
seals and the sealer's club.
The Greenpeace plans were met with a
mixture of strong encouragement and
vicious indignation. Many groups gave
enthusiastic support, some even requesting
they take part in the actual protest.
But the strongest response came from the
irate Newfoundland communities. The
protests ranged from fiery attacks in
newspaper editorials (one article calling the
Greenpeace protestors "noxious twits.") to
threats on the lives of Greenpeace mem-'
bers. A letter to organizers Bob Hunter and
Paul Watson warned that if they interfered
with the seal hunt, they would be shot.
In the face of these massive objections
and warnings from the Department of
Fisheries, a contingent of Greenpeace
protestors set off for Newfoundland.
During the two weeks it took the 16
member crew to reach the ice floes, the
government was up to no good. Fisheries
minister Leblanc drew up an act of
legislation outlawing many of the tactics
Greenpeace protestors were planning to
use. By an Order of Council, the act was
Sealers and government
impede efforts
■■■. i,n%i$t
±*.„      &<*   m<~
LANDSMAN . . . responsible for 41,000 seal overkill
passed and the laws were instituted before
the group arrived in Newfoundland.
The act was ironically titled The Seal
Protection Act. Major parts of it were
designed specifically for the Greenpeace
protest. Some of the tactics outlined were:
• no dye may be sprayed on seal fur;
e no unauthorized aircraft may land
closer than a quarter-mile from the seal
• no seal may be protected by physically
placing a body between the seal and a
sealer's club;
• a seal may not be moved from one place
to another.
Organizers Hunter and Watson were
determined to continue despite the Seal
Protection Act.
When the group arrived in the town of St.
Anthony, Nfld., their base for the campaign,
they were met by 200 angry citizens. Hunter
later described  their appearance  as   "a
hostile lynch mob." Some carried signs
saying, "Go back to B.C." or "Protect B.C.
drug addicts, not the seals."
The Greenpeace crew found no
cooperation in the town. Hotel reservations
had been cancelled, and gas stations refused
to refuel their vans.
However at a meeting with the citizens of
St. Anthony, the mood of the town changed.
In return for cooperation with the landsmen
of the town, the Greenpeace crew agreed to
drop all plans to mark baby seals with green
dye, and promised to not interfere with the
Newfoundlander's hunt.
Hunter said, "we made a peace pact with
the Newfoundland landsmen because we
nowunderstand their economic plight which
has been brought on by federal government
mismanagement of the sea resources.
"The Norwegian fleet has been allowed by
the government to exploit the seal resource.
While the Newfoundland hunt is small by
comparison, it is necessary to the survival
of the citizens."
All hostility in the town disappeared from
both sides when they all went drinking at the
local pub.
These statements which made headlines
across the continent, indicated a sudden
change in the priorities of Greenpeace. At
theoutsetof the campaign, they were to put
a stop to all seal slaughter — landsmen or
commercial seals. Suddenly, they were
patronizing the landsmen.
According to Mike Bailey, a co-ordinator
for this year's seal campaign, the change in
priorities was to accommodate their only
concern — getting to the seal hunt which
was then in progress.
Bailey said the Greenpeace organization
used the landsmen for their own purposes,
but the landsmen, in turn, used them
because of the mutual disagreement with
the Norwegian commercial fleet.
The official Greenpeace position on the
seal hunt for this year is in opposition with
the landsmen hunt. The landsmen were to
blame for last year's 41,000-seal overkill.
Thus, acting as guides for the protestors,
the landsmen led them to the ice floes and
the seal hunt.
Seal hunt
Except for the dropping of the dye from
their plans, the Greenpeace protest went
ahead against the Norwegian sealing fleets.
They carried out tactics specifically
outlined against them by the Seal Protection
Act, at times endangering their own lives.
Present at all hunt sites were uniformed
fisheries officers, enforcing quotas and the
Seal Protection Act. On one occasion, Paul
Watson, was arrested by one of these officers for moving a seal out of the way of an
icebreaker. Later that day, the Greenpeace
helicopters were seized by the RCMP as a
result of Watson's arrest.
The helicopters were later released after
the payment of a $10,000 bond on each one.
But on Oct. 28 of this year, the Supreme
Court of Newfoundland threw out a case
against the protestors on the grounds that
the Canadian government had acted against
them despite the fact that they were outside
Canada's jurisdiction. The fisheries patrol
zone at that time was still 12 miles.
Despite the drawbacks of last year's
campaign, the Greenpeace organization
feels it was successful. Much of their trouble
was due to one basic flaw, the open
publicizing of their tactics. It enabled the
federal government to take specific action
against their campaign.
This explains their silence on tactics for
this year's campaign.
With the new 200-mile fisheries limit, the
Greenpeace may be in greater danger of
being arrested this year. They say they have
planned new tactics not covered by the Seal
Protection Act.
New tactics
They still plan to ignore all government
laws pertaining to the seal hunt in order to
put a stop to the slaughter. They are also
asking for a six-year moratorium on the seal
"Weare a non-violent organization," says
Bailey, "we are not anti-government, we
are not a^ti-landsmen — all we want to do is
stop the seal hunt."
Greenpeace is giving a special presentation in the SUB Theatre next Wednesday at
7:30p.m. and Thursday at 12:30 p.m. on this
year's seal campaign. They will be showing
a half-hour excerpt on last year's seal hunt.
On the Thursday presentation, Dr. Patrick
Moore, vice-president of the Greenpeace
Foundation, will give a talk on the seal hunt.
There is a 75 cent contribution.
Greenpeace is also looking for volunteers
to help with the campaign during February
and March. Their offices will be empty of
regular volunteers, and people will be
needed to handle campaign business.
Spare time is the only qualification
needed. Anyone with or without special
abilities will be used in a variety of jobs
ranging from typing to speaking to large
groups on the seal hunt.
If you are interested, phone Mike Bailey
or Jacqueline Young at the Greenpeace
offices. Their numbers are 738-7134 or 738-
9821. Try also the seal campaign
headquarters at 736-7708.
Friday, January 28, 1977
Page Friday. 5 movies
Solution not elementary
Dedicated Sherlock Holmes
addicts realize that the screen has
never been an adequate showcase
for their hero's complicated
The Seven-Per-Cent Solution
With Alan Arkin and
Nicol Williamson
Directed by Herbert Ross
At the Park theatre
For instance, the series of films
popular in the thirties would have
us believe that Holmes was the
thinking man's peacock. I still
cringe when I think of Basil Rath-
bone's various performances as
the famous sleuth, which can only
be described as a form of beady-
eyed banality. Dr. Watson does not
come across with a great deal of
credibility either. It does not take a
brilliant detective to deduce that
Nigel Bruce's version of the good
doctor could never have made it
through medical school, if only
because he seemed incapable of
uttering an  intelligible sentence.
Recent attempts to immortalize
the pair on film have, for the most
part, proved less than successful. I
will give all my back copies of
Rona Barrett's Hollywood to
anyone who can remember George
C. Scott in They Might Be Giants.
How about Billy Wilder's The
Private Life of Sherlock Holmes?
Another Wilder, Gene, made a film
called Sherlock Holmes' Smarter
Brother. You probably remember
that one. However, the film's
popularity was largely based on a
patented brand of insanity that is
light years away from A. Conan
Does Sherlock Holmes have a
future on Hollywood and Vine? Or
should he grab Watson and retrace
his steps to Baker Street?
Until a few days ago, my answer
to this last question would have
been a resounding yes. Today I am
a changed man. This revolution in
thought was sparked by a movie
entitled The Seven-Per-Cent
Solution. It is the best blend of
comedy, drama and suspense that
I've seen in a long time. More
importantly, it is the kind of film
that Sir Arthur Conan Doyle would
have been proud of.
The movie is based on a best-
selling novel by Nicholas Meyer,
who also wrote the screenplay.
Meyer has obviously done his
homework. He concocts a story
which, with reference to the
original works, is perfectly
This is a neat trick, since Meyer
chooses to work Sigmund Freud
into the plot. Alan Arkin's performance as Freud probably best
explains why The Seven-Per-Cent
Solution is so outstanding.
Freud is misunderstood by a lot
of people, including actors and
directors. He has become the
prototype for your typical loony
variety hour shrink. You know the
type. He has a thick beard, an even
thicker accent and at least three
dif ferent kinds of nervous twitches.
Arkin could have come on like a
life-size New Yorker cartoon.
Instead,   he   brings   an   almost
awesome dignity to the role. It is
his best performance in years.
Dignity is the key to this enjoyable movie. It is a quality which
Nicol Williamson and Robert
Duvall, as Holmes and Watson,
share with Arkin's interpretation
of Freud. It is this basic dignity
which transforms potential cardboard characters into people with
whom the audience can identify.
When Holmes is attempting to
overcome his cocaine addiction or
Freud is playing tennis with the
evil baron, the onlooker really
cares about what will happen next.
I'm not suggesting that The
Seven-Per-Cent Solution is a stuffy
movie. There are enough laughs to
keep everyone happy. However,
even the comedy takes on a rich
substance. Through the laughter,
as well as the suspense, we can see
the development of the bonds of
friendship that unite the three
Yet, director Herbert Ross
wisely avoids the maudlin. In this
film he is in control. The movie's
pace is excellent and he gets the
most out of all his actors.
There are some impressive
cameos by Laurence Olivier,
Vanessa Redgrave and Joel Grey.
These talented performers turn
their small parts into miniature
gems. Ross should be given credit
for allowing them to gleam.
Throughout The Seven-Per-Cent
Solution Holmes is continually
pointing out the elementary. I'm
happy to say that he need not be
concerned about this movie.
French film fails
Every few years a foreign
language film made by an
unknown director opens in New
York and suddenly becomes a
smash hit. It happened to Truffaut
with The 400 Blows, Bergman with
Smiles of a Summer Night and
Lelouch with A Man and a Woman.
Cousin Cousine
Directed by Jean-Charles Tachella
At the Varsity theatre
The latest picture to follow in this
manner is Cousin Cousine by Jean-
Charles Tachella. When it opened
in New York last summer it was
expected to run for only a few
weeks. But the reaction from both
the press and public has been so
positive that the producers expect
it to show for a year.
The film's American distributors
are releasing it in only a few cities
at a time, in order to give it
maximum attention. Vancouver is
one of the first to receive it.
With all the attention and praise
being lavished on the picture,
something special would be expected. But Cousin Cousine doesn't
deliver. It is mediocre at best.
Tachella's film is perfect
viewing for people who don't like
foreign movies. It isn't "heavy"
like all those other European films
and you can almost get away
without reading the subtitles.
The story concerns a man and a
woman who are cousins (in a
typically convoluted French way).
Though both are married to other
people they realize that they are in
love with each other. Unlike their
hypocritical relations who all hide
their affairs, they profess their
love openly and practise it freely.
Tachella has touched upon an
interesting subject but regrettably
he just glosses over it. Rather than
seriously exploring the emotions of
many people touched by the
couple's affair the director simply
tells a trite story.
By the middle of the picture you
no   longer   really   care   about
anybody. The hero and heroine
become obnoxiously self-righteous
and the entire film is reduced to
dealing in superficialities.
Tachella uses children to tip us
off to how we are supposed to react
throughout. Every time the couple
does something outrageous and
"improper" there is a cut to a
closeup of a child smiling approvingly.
Ah, the innocence of youth, the
charm of honesty, the deception of
Cousin Cousine has been hailed
as a charming, sensitive, honest
film. Such comments tell you more
about the reviewers than the film.
They have been fooled by a
glossy, slick picture. It is French
and deals with a subject not found
in many American movies,
therefore it must be art.
Nonsense. Cousin Cousine is a
pretentious, vacuous little picture
which succeeds because it
pretends to be something it's not.
In a few years everyone will look
back upon it and wonder what they
saw in the film.
In the meantime people are
rushing to the Varsity to prove that
they're hip. They know that this is
the must-see foreign picture of the
Good luck to them!
Theatre Restaurant
135 West 1st St., North Van.
Until Jan. 24th
Richie Havens
Josh White Junior
Jan. 31st to Feb. 5th
Bobby Blue
HOLMES .  . ."Ellafitzgerald, my dear walnut"
l    Sl
£       M
Shows at 12:40, 2:45, 5:05, 7:20, 9:40
MATURE—Occasion coarse
language. — R. W. McDonald
f Takes You Where Taxi Driver Didn't Dare!
Requent Violence
—R. W. McDonald,
»—„-„,—. — ..       B.C. Director *■ ,8, GRANV|UC
V   Shows at 12:15, 2:10, 4:10, 6:10, 8:10, 10:10     682-7468
^*t-    ■     i i .I,,,    ,  ,„.   	
\  «i
3:40, 5:40, 7:30, 9:30
MATURE — Occasional nudity
and coarse language.
R. McDonald, B.C. Director
j   "MO WAY OUT"
:     Alain Delon •  Richard Conte
Some violent scenes.
—R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
i as Siymund Freud as Lola Devereaux as Sherlock Holmes
MATURE—Shows at 7:30, 9:40
CAMBIE at 18th
—R. W. McDonald, B.C. Director
Shows at 7:30, 9:30
70 7   w. BROADWAY
I "SHAMPOO" Shamooo 7 - British 9
\ plus   "NO SEX PLEASE,
j     _ WE'RE BRITISH"
,   /yKJSffiE^   Coarse and suggestive language   7°7 W. BROADWAY
V£T.L>,,„ JLTSS,. , —R. W. McDonald, B.C. Director 874-1927
bROAdwAY 2
f   dfl^jfy,    Acwoii Uju^ojuJC
English Sub-Titles
7:30, 9:30
DUNBAR at 30th
MATURE — English Sub-Titles
SHOWS AT: 7:30, 9:30
4375  W. 10th
Page Friday, 6
Friday, January 28, 1977 if.  •.
Madness changes theatre
The life and work of Antonin Artaud,
French writer, actor and madman, are now
brought to light in a comprehensive translation of his selected writings.
Artaud, until recently an obscure artistic
figure in modern France, has nonetheless
had a profound influence upon the theatre of
the 20th century. As Susan Sontag states in
her introduction:
Antonin Artaud, Selected Writings
Edited by Susan Sontag
Translated by Helen Weaver
Published by Farrar, Straus and Giroux
661 pages, $22.95 hard cover
"No one who works in the theatre today is
untouched by the impact of Artaud's
specific ideas about the actor's body and
voice, the use of music, the role of the
written text, the interplay between the
space occupied by the spectacle and the
audience's space."
He set out to rethink the theatre as an art
form. Although he was a failure as a
playwright (in terms of the quality of his
work) he influenced many others such as
Jean Genet and Samuel Beckett. His importance is said to rival that of Bertold
the face of an opium addict
Brecht — but due to his ideas and not his
practical work.
Antonin considered that Western theatre,
having placed such a heavy emphasis on the
spoken word and on the importance of the
text as literature, had forgotten a great deal
of the true nature of theatre — the nonverbal aspects, the sense of emotion and
The Oriental and Greek tragic theatre,
with their sense of ritual and mystery, inspired his vision — the theatre of cruelty.
People would come to the theatre to be
cleansed, to have their emotions washed
away in a grand catharsis. To give one
extreme example, he envisaged that one
would go to the theatre as one would go to
the dentist — not a pleasant experience but a
necessary and powerful one.
Artaud was reacting to the French theatre
of the 1920s and 1930s, which functioned as a
pleasant way to spend a few hours. He
sought to bring back to the theatre the
spiritual qualities and sense of ritual which
were the foundations of ancient theatre.
The book itself is composed of writings
selected from his mountainous output
(which will eventually comprise 15 volumes
in the Gallimard French edition), much of
which has never been translated into
English. We see him struggling to form his
ideas, present them and have them accepted, while at the same time struggling
with his madness. As Susan Sontag indicates:
"(Marquis de) Sade, Artaud and Wilhelm
Reich belong in this company, authors who
were jailed or locked up in insane asylums
because they were screaming, because they
were out of control; immoderate, obsessed,
strident authors who repeat themselves
endlessly, who are rewarding to quote and
read bits of, but who overpower and exhaust
if read in large quantities."
That Artaud can be almost unreadable
should be no surprise — he spent a great
deal of time in an asylum and took opium to
relieve the after effects of meningitis. But
some of his more imaginative writings —
explorations in prose such as "The Umbilicus of Limbo," "Eighteen Seconds,"
"Art and Death," "The Peyote Dance" —
are deeply fascinating pieces showing his
connection with surrealism (he broke away
from this group in the 1920s. He sought to go
beyond the two-dimensional mode of
literature — his words shock and confound.
ARTAUD AS MARAT . . . bringing spirituality and a sense of ritual back to the theatre
There are pictures, too. They show an
intense man with thin cheeks and burning
eyes — the face of a religious fanatic or an
opium addict.
Born in 1896, Antonin Artaud had a long
and varied career until his death in 1948. He
was by turns a cinema and stage actor, a
playwright and screenplay writer, a
director of the Surrealist Research Bureau,
a director of the Alfred Jarry Theatre and a
metaphysician of the theatre. He wrote
"verse, verse poems, essays on cinema, art
and literature, diatribes and polemics on the
theatre, six film scenarios, an historical
novel, several plays and a large number of
He spent 10 years in an asylum (some of it
during the Second World War). He took part
in the peyote ceremonies of the Tahamura
Indians of Mexico.
As an artist, Artaud was a failure. He
never achieved critical acclaim in his
lifetime, perhaps never deserving it. His
last major work, a radio-play was banned
from French radio. But still he deserves
attention, because he had the courage to
develop and express a vision of a more involving and meaningful theatre.
The best Canadian
magazines in these
fields for HALF PRICE
Canadian amateur photographers
have needed their own national magazine for years. Now here it is!
In every issue
• Portfolios of amateur Canadian work and a profile
of the photographer
• Down to earth how-to articles
• Field reports on all types of equipment available in
• A section on the basics for those aspiring to improve their skills
• Annual Buyers' Guide
and much more ...
• Regular columns, fresh ideas, trouble shooting
• Books, reviews, things to make and build
• Readers' photos from all across Canada
• Info on shows, contests and seminars from coast
to coast
• Darkrooms, movies, medium format photography
• Travel photography
Improve your photographic skills, solve problems
and save $2.25.
By mailing in this coupon you get a year's subscription at half price. Instead of paying $8 a year for AUDIOSCENE and $5.50 a year for PHOTO
CANADA, pay only $4 and $2.25 or $6.25 for both.
And, to introduce you to our magazines, we guarantee satisfaction. Enjoy
your first issue. If for any reason you should decide you don't want to continue your sub, just write "cancel" on your invoice and the first issue is
yours, with our compliments, absolutely free.
If your special interest is hi-fi, and particularly
music, AudioScene is a must. Here's why.
In every Issue
• Audiolab Test Reports • MuslcRevue
• AudioReviews • AudioTrends
Each Issue spotlights a different aspect of audio
• Getting into audio • Component buying
• Annual speaker review • HI-FI Buyers Catalogue
• 100 years of audio • The entertainment business
... plus a wealth of articles
• The maturing of rock • Music and electronics
• The anatomy of a hit record
Editorial excellence throughout... and right now
you save $4 on your first year's sub.
Start my 1/2 price
sub(s) today.
D AudioScene $ 4 yr.
D Photo Canada
□ both $6.25 yr.
I understand that if
for any reason I wish
to discontinue my
sub, the first issue is
mine with your compliments.
□ payment enclosed
□ bill me. 04-2
Mail to: Maclean-Hunter, BPCD,
Box 9100, Station'A',
Toronto, Ontario M5W 1V5
Friday, January 28, 1977
Page Friday, 7 VISTA
Surfacing Systems ends this
Saturday at the UBC Fine Arts
Gallery. This is an exhibition of
recent grid patterns and notational
approaches in painting and
drawings. The gallery hours are
10:30 to 5 p.m. Tuesday to Saturday.
The Campus Centre Coffeehouse
begins a new year tonight at 8:30 at
the Lutheran Campus Centre. This
week the coffeehouse presents
Danny Shepard, Laughlin, and
Bruce Sexhaur. $1 at the door.
The Open Door is now open twice
a week due to the fact that they
now have two doors. Thursday
nights the door is located at 163
East Cordova and on Sunday the
door mysteriously appears at 708
Hawks. The Open Door is a cooperative type of organization for
musicians and music lovers. For
more information phone 255-0532.
The Night Watch coffeehouse is
open every Sunday night from 7 to
10 p.m. The coffeehouse is held in
the basement of the United Church
at Larch and West 2nd. Bring along
your goodies, games and instruments.
Echo and the West End Community Centre hold weekly poetry
readings every Sunday afternoon
at the community centre. Open
readings are from 2 to 3 p.m. and
scheduled poets read from 3 to 4:30
p.m. This week's poets are John
Crosse, Roo Borson and Mona
The silversmithing of Heikke
Seppa is still on display at the
Burnaby Art Gallery alongside
prints, photographs and drawings
by Bob Steele and paintings by Joy
Long. This Sunday at 2:30 p.m. the
Axis Mime Theatre will be giving a
free program of explorations of
mime styles.
The Vancouver Art Gallery is
currently showing works by
Graham Coughtry of Toronto. The
display consists of 34 paintings and
drawings produced over a period of
20 years. Ernest Gendron exhibits
a collection of renditions of public
figures. He paints with toothpicks,
not brushes. In other parts of the
gallery is Contemporary American
Art, Canadian Paintings, and
Photographs and Photograms
from the 1920s through the 40s.
Vancouver Revued, Renued by
Acme Theatre is now at the
Vancouver East Cultural Centre.
They could have called the show
Acme Theatre! Acme Theatre!,
Field Mice Ate My Wife, Unchain
My Heart or I Am Curious Acme
but they didn't. Shows are at 8:30
p.m. Jan. 28-29, Feb. 1-5. Tickets
are $2 except on Friday and
Saturday when they are $2.50 for
Peter Bryant from the Department of Theatre will have his
feature film. The Supreme Kid,
shown on Feb. 4 at the New Odeon
Twins 707 West Broadway.
Showtimes will be 7:30 and 9:30
p.m. Although the film has been
shown by invitation at a number of
international film festivals, this
will bethe first time it has been run
in a commercial theatre.
tiny island kingdom was rocked
early today by rumors that radical
simple serpents were attempting
to overthrow the government.
Fiberal reader Jumpier Foyer
told the island's puce blorgs that
the simple serpents had already
contaminated the island's water
supply with a particularly lethal
strain of porphyry sauternes
The germ produces a number of
fatal diseases, including grey piles,
cirrhosis of the budget and
minority government.
To back up his charges. Foyer
produced an "enemas list" of
blorgs hostile to the Fiberals, including the serpents, known dif-
t'idents and all domestic pets with
fur or feathers. There were 1,456
names in all.
35 watts per channel, minimum
RMS at 8 ohms from 20Hz to
20kHz with no more than 0.2%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
55 watts per channel, minimum
RMS at 8 ohms from 20Hz to
20kHz with no more than 0.2%
Total Harmonic Distortion.
80 watts per channel, minimum
RMS at 8 ohms from 20Hz to
20kHz with no more than
0.15% Total Harmonic Distortion.
Continuous Power Output
(RMS): 20 watts per channel,
minimum RMS at 8 ohms from
20Hz to 20kHz with no more
than 0.3% total harmonic distortion.
SONY   TA-2650
45 watts per channel, minimum RMS at
8 ohms from 20 Hz to 20 kHz with no
more than 0.2% Total Harmonic Distortion.
SONY TA-1630
22 Watts per channel (min.). RMS at 8
ohms from 20 Hz to 20 kHz with no
more than 0.5% total harmonic distortion.
SONY PS-4300
SONY PS-3300
■ Direct drive system with brush and
slot less (BSL) DC servo motor.
• Automatic arm return and record
reject button.
• High precision speed monitoring
system, utilizing 8-pole magnetic
pick-up head and pulse coated platter
rim for electronic speed sensing.
«   DC servo controlled direct drive.
• Brush and slot less, magna-disc servo
• Fully automatic.
a SBMC (Sony Bake Mould Compound)
player case for less resonance.
e Photo senser for auto return mechanism to avoid harmful side pressure
to tone arm for low tracking force
• Illuminated feature touch controls for
"Start", "Stop", and "Repeat".
(Front panel operation; they can be
controlled without opening dust cover).
SONY PS-1350
The Sony PS-135 0 auto/manual
turntable with Sony's new disc type
rubber insulation mat for reduced noise
transfer characteristics.
The Sony PS-1350 comes complete with
Sony VM-26G induced magnet cartridge,
wooden cabinet and dust cover, and
features automatic or manual tone arm
2665 WEST BROADWAY    733-3822
Page Friday, 8
Friday, January 28, 1977 Friday, January 28, 1977
Page 15
Pentacare — unique daycare
Despite lack of support, financial or
otherwise, UBC's new Pentacare program
offers unique daycare services.
The program is unique because all 25
children in it are five-year-olds, and it offers
kindergarten to these children in addition to
regular daycare.
Pentacare daycare supervisor Sue Hall
says the program is run on a co-operative
basis by the children's parents.
The centre, which caters to children of
UBC students, staff and faculty, is staffed
by Hall, a kindergarten teacher and a part-
time daycare aide. Parents help out with
field trips such as skating.
"There are many advantages to having
just five-year-olds," says Hall. "Most
centres have three to five-year-olds, and this
can cause problems.
"For example, five-year-olds get into a lot
more detailed activities than three year-
olds. A five-year-old will spend a lot of time
building something, and when three-year-
olds are around, things get wrecked very
"This is pretty frustrating to the child who
has spent a long time making something.
Five-year-olds understand this, and don't
knock things down."
She says the uniformity of age makes it
possible to include such activities as reading
readiness in the daycare program.
DAYCARE SUPERVISOR   HALL . . . reads to children in Pentacare program.
—doug field photo
The program began last September when
parents decided they were getting tired of
collecting their children and driving long
distances to kindergarten.
Unless a child lives on the university
endowment lands, he or she is not eligible to
attend the kindergarten at University Hill
elementary school, Hall says.
Under the Pentacare program, a child
attends kindergarten for part of the day, and
is in daycare for the rest of the time.
"The important thing about this type of
program is that it's very convenient for
parents," says Hall. "They know what's
going on, and are encouraged to participate.
They are welcomed to the kindergarten as
well as the daycare centre.
"Another important thing is the kids get
some continuity. The buildings are connected, so there's a lot of communication
between daycare and kindergarten."
The program, which is under the
jurisdiction of the UBC daycare council, is
funded in part by grants from the Vancouver Institute and the UBC graduating
class fund. The rest of the money comes
from subsidies and fees paid by the parents.
Hall says the parents applied to the
Vancouver school board for financial
support, but were turned down because "the
school board said they didn't want to start a
Bob Dowding, assistant school board
supervisor for the west area, said Thursday
the application was turned down because
"the school board doesn't fund any
programs it doesn't run itself."
He said funding is not available to
programs that are not run in school board
"Also, we won't be funding any new
alternate schools, even if this did qualify as
one, which I doubt," he said.
He said the decision not to fund Pentacare
was made by his predecessor, Art Wright,
early in 1976.
"I'm sure he gave it serious thought,"
Dowding said. "There's a kindergarten at
UBC anyway."
Only children who live on the UEL are
eligible to attend the kindergarten, but if
any space remains after the needs of the
community are served, children from the
Lower Mainland may enrol, he said.
"We don't like kindergartens to have
more than 20 children in them," said
Dowding. "U Hill has 18 kids, with a half-
time teacher. I don't think any outsiders
were turned down.
"It's quite expensive for Vancouver
taxpayers paying the $1,100 to $1,200 it costs
per child. Outsiders don't contribute, but we
let their kids in anyway, except if it means
Pentacare is located at 2727 Acadia Road,
in hut 93-D. The facilities were loaned to the
parents by UBC. Page 16
Friday, January 28, 1977
As excuse to dump OFS, NUS
York U referendum planned
TORONTO (CUP) — The York
University student council apparently wants to end its membership in the Ontario Federation
of Students and the National Union
of Students — and is using a
campus radio station as an excuse.
The council is considering a
referendum which would ask
students if they favor establishment of an FM radio station and if
so, if they prefer to finance it by
increasing student activity fees
$2.50 or by using OFS and NUS
membership fees to finance it.
Student president Barry Edson
said the referendum will be held if
the university administration
provides some financial support
and if "Radio York's chances for
FM look good."
OFS and NUS representatives
have questioned the student
council's motives in tying the fate
of NUS and OFS membership for
York to the radio station. They
have also expressed concern that
York students may vote to transfer
the membership fees and
jeopardize their membership
status with the student lobbying
OFS chairman Murray Miskin
said: "The referendum is unfair
because it implies that students, if
they don't want to pay more
money, have to get out of OFS.
They want to raise the question of
OFS and NUS membership by
asking them if they want a radio
He added if a university decides
to withdraw its membership fees
from OFS by holding a referendum, then the question of membership must be asked directly of
NUS general secretary Dan
O'Connor said NUS is concerned
that York students may forfeit
their   relationship   with   other
universities because they want a
radio station.
O'Connor added the possibility of
a referendum raises questions
about the student council.
"Why has the OFS-NUS option
been put in the referendum? Has
there been an assessment of all the
SFU admin ponders
on-campus housing
Canadian University Press
Simon Fraser University's
administration is considering
cluster apartments or trailers as
new housing for students, SFU
administration vice-president Stan
Roberts said Monday.
Roberts told SFU student council
each cluster apartment would
house five people. Each person
would have a private bedroom, but
all five would share a common
bathroom, dining room and kitchen, he said.
Roberts said the apartments
would rent for about $140 a month
per person.
Rent for trailers would be lower,
Roberts said. There would be about
150 trailer units, he said.
Current plans include providing
space for a drug store and confectionery, Roberts said.
The money to finance the new
student housing will come from a
$10 million Central Mortgage and
Housing Corporation loan, he said.
He said the loan is the first of its
kind to be negotiated by any
university in three years. The loan
has an interest rate of about 9.5 per
cent, about 1.5 per cent less than
the current rate, Roberts said.
Council president Ross Powell
said Roberts made a special trip to
Ottawa to convince the federal
cabinet to grant SFU the loan
under CMHC regulations.
Roberts said rent was the "single
most important factor" determining the final design of the new
"We're trying to get it at a price
students can afford," he said.
Roberts called for council's
support for the plan before a final
decision is made for the development.
He also asked for council support
in obtaining a provincial government grant to help cover construction costs.
Roberts said a grant could have
a significant impact on rents. A $1
million grant on top of the $10
million CMHC loan could reduce
monthly rents by $15 per person, he
1110 Seymour St.
an original
February 2-5 &
9-12 8:30 p.m.
Old Auditorium
Tickets V.T.C.
& Outlets
Student Matinee
Feb. 10th
12:30 P.M.
A.M.S. Business Office
Director, UBC
Computing Centre
Dr. Kennedy was a Canadian
student at Princeton 25 years ago
when the first modern computers
began operation there. At UBC,
he's in charge of one of Canada's
top computing centres.
Computers And How
They Got That Way
Saturday, Jan. 29, 8:15 p.m.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward IRC
Vancouver institute
lectures take place on
Saturdays at 8:15 p.m.
on the ubc campus
in lecture hall no. 2
instructional resources
idmission to the genera
public i$ free
things the student council spends
money on?" he asked.
York students pay $13.50 in
activity fees, with $1.50 going to the
OFS and $1 to NUS. The rest of the
money goes directly to the student
council, which allocates it to different activities.
Big or Small Jobs
Gov't hires SFU VP
Canadian University Press
The Simon Fraser University
vice-president who has been
criticized for his handling of a fund
which accumulated during last
year's strike by SFU maintenance
workers has been asked to do some
work for the provincial education
ministry, according to deputy
education minister Walter Hardwick.
George Suart has been appointed
to look into the financing and administration of the education
department, said Hardwick.
He will undertake the work if the
appointment is agreed upon by
SFU administration president
Pauline Jewett and the university
board of governors.
When a reporter for The Peak,
student newspaper at SFU, asked
Hardwick if Suart would be dealing
specifically with university
financing, Hardwick answered:
"No, I don't consider it unusual at
this time. He (Suart) is very-
The reporter did not ask if
Hardwick considered the appointment unusual.
grin bin
Largest Selection
of posters in B.C.
Photo Blow-ups
from negs and prints,
jokes, gifts, etc.
3209 W. Broadway
(opposite Super-Valu)
40  Watts   RMS   Per/Ch.
with no more than ,02%
A   belt   drive   turntable
excellent specifications.
Rumble - 65dB
Wow & Flutter .05%
ONLY    *15995
2   Soma  SE2500   speakers   with  a  50
watt power handling capacity.
ONLY   *289°° PAIR
578 Seymour - 684-2107
The Tsawwassen Town Centre — 943-3811 Friday, January 28,  1977
Page 17
SFU political illiteracy revealed
Canadian University Press
What does the word detente refer
If you answer that it's a foreign
country where former United
States state secretary Henry
Kissinger spent his vacations,
you're closer than 82 per cent of
first-year Simon Fraser University
sociology students surveyed — who
had no understanding of the term.
The survey was conducted last
year by Herbert Adam, a professor
in SFU's anthropology and
sociology department.
He discussed results of the
survey with 60 students and SFU
graduates at a meeting Wednesday
sponsored by the SFU Alumni
"There is a growing public
concern over functional
illiteracy," he said, "but hardly
any   discussion   of   the   equally
disturbing problem of political
"It is not my intention to blame
anyone. The individuals involved
are, after all, products of a
political culture," Adam said.
He warned, however, that a
society which does not ensure a
minimum level of political literacy
among its citizens cannot function
The survey involved about 200
students enrolled in a first-year
anthropology-sociology course in
late 1975 and a second group of 200
students in the same course a year
later. Results were then compared.
Adam said the sample was not
representative because sociology
students were likely to be better
informed and more interested in
political matters than the average
About 40 per cent of students
surveyed could not define the
concepts "right" and "left" with
reference to the political spectrum.
In 1975, 35 per cent failed to
identify "right" and last year the
number increased to 42 per cent.
About 37 per cent of students
surveyed in 1975 didn't understand
the term "left," and the number
increased to 44 per cent the
following year.
Entertainers such as Elton John
and Barbra Streisand were
recognized by considerably more
students than were political
Former SFU administration
president Ken Strand was
recognized by 28 per cent of
students surveyed in 1975, and by
only 15 per cent last year.
Jean Jacques Rousseau, one of
the leading political philosophers
during the French enlightenment,
Curbed cyclisf threatens suit,
blames UEL manager for spill
A Vancouver cyclist is considering suing University Endowment Lands manager Bob
Murdoch for damages to his bike
sustained on the University
Boulevard cycle path.
Jacob Heilbron, a bicycle racer
and repairman, said Thursday he
dented his wheel rims when he hit a
newly-constructed curb Wednesday night at the west end of the
Heilbron said the curbs, built to
replace asphalt ramps and to
encourage cyclists to follow a
back-street path to campus, are
impossible to see in the dark.
Another cyclist,   Hugh   Tayler,
complained to The Ubyssey
Wednesday that he sustained
similar damage to his bike
Heilbron claimed that because
the new signs directing cyclists to
the alternative cycle path are
impossible to see in the dark,
Murdoch is responsible for the
Most cyclists riding toward
campus have traditionally ridden
off the end of the cycle path at
Toronto Road and continued along
the sidewalk for one block before
crossing to the north side of
University and continuing to
campus. But Murdoch has said he
Trident opposed
From page 1
legislature, and Skelly helped
Shelford write his motion.
The two motions last year were
never voted on because the
legislature could not agree about
the correct wording. Shelford's
previous motion made no mention
of the Trident base or weapon
system, which Skelly's motion
specifically opposed.
Shelf ordsaid Wednesday he does
not expect his resolution to be
debated in the legislature for at
least a month, but said he expects
it will pass this year because both
sides of the House agree on its
The resolution also expresses
concern about any Russian
equivalent to the Trident system
and about the number of smaller
nations entering the arms race.
But Skelly said Tuesday he
doubts the resolution will have any
effect if it is passed.
"The Canadian government
doesn't seem to be concerned at
all," he said.
Former Canadian defence
minister James Richardson said
last March he saw no reason to
protest the construction of the
Trident base just 60 miles south of
the Canada-U.S. border.
"People in B.C. should appreciate the Trident base," he
"The Trident system is an effective deterrent and will prevent
nuclear war — it maintains the
balance of military force and thus
helps guarantee international
The Trident weapon system will
consist of 10 to 20 submarines, each
550 feet long, about four storeys tall
and powered by two nuclear
The Heede-built cranes will
handle Trident 1, or C-4 Missiles.
These multiple  independently-
targeted re-entry vehicles
(MIRVs) have a range of 4,500
miles and are known as "area
assault weapons."
The Trident submarines
themselves will carry
maneuverable re-entry vehicles
(MARVs) which have a range of
6,000 miles and can evade anti-
ballistic missiles and return to
their original courses. The MARVs
have the accuracy to home in on
enemy missile siloes.
As each warhead is 10 times as
powerful as the bomb which
destroyed Hiroshima, and each
Trident submarine carries 408
individually guides warheads, the
Trident system will be the most
powerful weapon in the world and
wilt have first-strike capacity.
The PLC has campaigned
against the construction of both the
submarine base at Bangor and the
cranes at the Heede plant.
Jim Douglass and John William,
PLC members from New Westminster and Seattle, are serving
90-day jail sentences in Seattle for
cutting holes in the fence
surrounding the Bangor base and
for trespassing on the base.
wants cyclists to turn left at
Toronto and follow back-roads to
Heilbron said Murdoch refused
to reimburse him for the $25
damage to his bike. He said
Murdoch told him the only way he
could try to get compensation is to
take legal action.
Murdoch was unavailable for
comment Thursday.
"He (Murdoch) said the signs
that are up are all that is needed to
show that the curbs are there and
you are supposed to take the other
path. But my bike is properly
lighted and I didn't see the signs."
And Heilbron said the back-
streets route to campus is
inadequate anyway.
"All it is is a road with potholes
and everything. That whole section
from Toronto Road onward has
always been a mess."
He said the UEL management
must either improve the new route
or make the old route along
University more safe. The path is
only good up to the intersection of
Toronto and University he said.
"That cycle path is good, but it
isn't finished."
Another cyclist, Pierre Carriere,
science 3, said he was nabbed by
the RCMP Thursday when he tried
to follow University to campus
after leaving the path at Toronto.
Carriere said the RCMP told him
he could get a traffic ticket if he
took the University route.
He said they told him all cyclists
must now take the Toronto Road
The RCMP officer in charge was
not available for comment
Thursday to clarify police policy.
has an immediate opening for
part-time employment. Duties
are varied and will consist of
setting up the bar, dispersing
drinks, working on the door
and clean-up.
Must be available to work
Fridays: 4 to 6 (for Happy
Hour) and 8 to 2 a.m. at Cecil
Green Park.
For   further   information on
salary     (per    hour)     and an
interview (Feb. 1) call
was identified by 30 per cent in 1975
and 32 per cent in 1976 — but was
characterized as everything from
a Quebec politician to a scuba
Many students surveyed said
social and political issues were
relatively unimportant in comparison to financial problems,
interpersonal relationships and
questions of career success.
About 25 per cent listed "human
problems and interpersonal
relationships" as the most important problem for contemporary
society as a whole. Another 20 per
cent cited the economy and the
remainder of students indicated
various political issues.
In a section of the survey dealing
with attitudes, a majority of
students agreed that Quebec has
the right to separate if the majority
of its citizens decide to do so.
Students also considered the official federal policy of bilingualism
to be reasonable.
About 70 per cent of students said
"most trade unions got completely
out of hand in recent years," and 80
per cent that "the physical difference between male and female
has often been exaggerated and the
inequality in opportunities
provided overlooked.
Some figures changed from the
beginning of the sociology course
to the end.
For example, at the beginning of
the course, 54 per cent of students
surveyed last year disagreed with
the statement: "Major social
problems would be closer to a
solution if there were less immigrants coming in." The percentage of dissenters increased to
64 per cent at the end of the course.
And 53 per cent of students
agreed that "applying capital
punishment for murder will not
deter criminals and is an irrational
reaction to the real causes of
crime" at the start of the course.
By the end of the course, 59 per
cent of students agreed.
Seventy per cent of students
described themselves as
moderately interested in politics.
About half sympathized with the
NDP rather than other political
In response to a question about
class background, about 50 per
cent of ^students said they were
upper middle class, 25 per cent
said lower middle class and 20 per
cent working class.
KA3500 amp
»• It-
Latest electronic technology yields
superior performance from
Kenwood. This amp puts out 40
watts RMS per channel minimum
output at 8 ohms from 20 to
20,000 Hz with less than 0.2% total
harmonic distortion.
FOR ONLY *««»«   am
T-l   100 V
Time and time again, these speakers
have been top-rated for their
accuracy in sound reproduction.
Drop in and audition the EPllOOs
and discover why they are so highly
thought of. Available in walnut
veneer finish at slightly higher
Loaded with features like DOLBY,
TYPES SLIDER, etc. Plus amazing
performance o.09% WRMS'wow &
flutter (NAB) 40 to 15,000 Hz
(+3dB) freq. response, up to 62dB
S/N ratio.
RX402   receiver
Top-rated AM-FM receiver by
independent consumer magazine.
More features and controls plus
excellent FM performance.
Continuous power output of the
Rotel RX402 is 25 watts per
channel, minimum RMS at 8 ohms
from 20 to 20,000 Hz (typically
tested at 32 watts RMS), IM
distortion at full rated power is less
than 0.2%.
"Best   Buy"   rated   by  independent
consumer magazine. These acoustic
suspension      speakers      offer
phenominal bass and range.
SUPER BUY £_0   0Q
AR4xa (Walnut)       $119.99
AR6 (Walnut)
High performance belt drive
turntable with automatic tonearm
return and shut-off. Includes HIGH
TRACK Shure magnetic cartridge.
More Sound for Your Money
2803 W. Broadway (at MacDonald) 736-7771 Page 18
Friday, January 28, 1977
Blood drive
next week
Next week is Red Cross blood
drive week.
So be prepared to bleed
anytime from 9:30 a.m. to 4:30
p.m. Monday until Feb. 4 in
SUB 207, 209, 211 and 215.
Blood donors will be able to
take part' in a daily draw for
dinner for two at the Keg and
Cleaver restaurant.
Readers now
Do you have a background in
chemistry and a clear reading
The     Crane     Library     needs
Hot flashes
people like you for a special rush
Recording sessions will be
held in the late afternoons from
Monday to Friday and are
expected to last only three or
four weeks.
If you can help, call
Museum again
The Museum of Anthropology
will reopen Tuesday.
It's been closed to the public
for the past while to allow
retraining, exhibit preparation
and staff holidays.
But there's goodies in store on
Tuesday, when the museum
reopens    with     Beginnings,    an
exhibit of prints and carvings by
Tsimshian artist Roy Vickers.
Myth series
Next week, students, faculty
and staff have the opportunity to
sit in on a series of five
noon-hour lectures on the
dimesions of myth.
Lectures will be given by
Theodor Gaster, professor
emeritus of religion at Columbia
First lecture in the series is
the nature and function of myth,
to be given at noon in Buchanan
Tween classes
Seminar  comparing agriculture and
society     in     North     Vietnam    and
India, noon, Bu. penthouse.
Jeanette    Baillaut    sur    I'Ecole    de
Montreal,      noon,     International
Seminar    on    UBC    phys    ed    grad
school,   12:45   p.m.,   War  Memorial
Gym room 25.
Cantonese class, noon, Bu. 316.
Folk    song    group,    5:30   to   7:30
p.m., SUB 213.
Bible study, noon, SUB 212A.
General  meeting, noon, SUB 216A.
General  meeting,  noon, SUB 216E.
Feldenkrals movement class, 7 to 9
P.m., Armories 208.
Folk   blues  and   fiddle with  Danny
Laughlin   and  Bruce Sexhour,  8:30
P.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
General   meeting,   noon,   SUB   215.
Registration     deadline     for     men's
badminton     tournament,     Men's
intramural   office.  Also  registration
deadline for men's curling bonspiel.
Meeting,   noon,   Graduate   Student
Centre committee room.
Sports  night,   7:30   to   11:30 p.m.,
winter sports centre gym A.
Jim Kennedy speaks on computers
and how they got that way, 8:15
p.m.,  IRC 2.
Film Everlasting Love, 2:30 p.m.,
SUB auditorium. Admission 50
A benefit for the Chilean resistance
with Latin American food, dance
and a film, 8 p.m., Ukrainian Hall,
805 East Pender.
Men's badminton tournament,
10:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., War
Memorial Gym.
Cantonese class, noon, Bu. 316.
Sign   up   for   CVC sports teams,  all
day, SUB 216A.
Meeting, noon, SUB 224.
Indian   dance   class,   3:30   to    5:00
p.m., International House.
Modern   dance   class,   7:30   to  9:30
p.m., SUB party room.
Practice,   4:30   to   6:30   p.m
party room.
Are your Saturday nights
Is this Saturday night destined
to be boring too?
Are you at a loss for
something to do on Saturday
Well, if all else fails, you
might try a dose of Vancouver
Institute lectures.
This Saturday, UBC's
computer centre director James
Kennedy will speak to the
institute about computers and
how they got that way.
Lecture time is 8:15 p.m.
Saturday in lecture hall 2 of the
Instructional Resources Centre.
Admission is free.
A Stanford University
professor will give an economics
seminar on Monday about
population control, militarism
and myths in Japanese history.
Jeffrey  Williamson  will  speak
at 3:30 p.m. in Brock 351.
IS €1 E|B|glE)E]E]E]E)E|Gj G]G]E]G]E]G| [|]G]EjrgE]rgB]B]r5]EjEjr3Ejr|]gE]E]Ejr|]E] [gj
1       CANDIA TAVERNA        I
13 ig
K3 Call 228-9512/9513 IS
13 13
d 4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m. - 2 a.m. |
13 [slalalalalalalalalalsIalalalalslalslalalalalaB Blalslslalalalalalalalala i£)
Mon. - Fri. — 4:00 p.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Sat. - 10:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.
Sun. - 10:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m.
Closed Tuesdays
3550 Fraser St.
(Fraser & 20th Ave.)
Tel. 879-7828
(Mon. to Fri.)
Mon. - Fri. - 11:30 a.m. -9:00 p.m.
Sat. - Sun. 4:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
2142 Western Parkway
U.B.C, Vancouver
Tel. 224-3144
...before the
next full moon
Dinner For Two
at the
Monday Until Feb. 4th—SUB 207, 209, 211, 215—9:30-4:30
intensive 20 hr.seminar classes
I Classes Now Forming
12:45-1:45 p.m.
Sponsored by W f^^^t ■,
the Office of JfWWA
The Dean of Women
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial —  3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office. Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
40 — Messages
FREESEE: Thursday, 3 Feb. Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra Free Concert,
War Memorial Gym. 12:45-1:45 p.m.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
Very low rates. Excellent workmanship. 24-hour service, plus exceptional prices for racquets. Call 733-
1612. 3816 West 4th Ave. Open 10
THE DOG HIT at Olympic and 41st, 25
Jan. is alright. It was not your fault.
Please phone Mrs. Cumberbirch, 263-
65 — Scandals
this Friday at 8:30 p.m. with Fiddle-
Folk Blues. Lutheran Campus Center.
WE HEAR two Totem Tigers haven't
been tanked yet. What's the holdup
over there.
11 — For Sale — Private
20 — Housing
Westbrook Cres. Phone 228-8943 or
SINGLE ROOMS available on Campus.
Sigma Cmi House 5725 Agronomy Rd.
Excellent kitchen facilities, quiet,
friendly atmosphere. For more info
call Kevin 224-9620 after 5.
Our  two week package starts from
5379.95 all  inclusive.  Hotel/kitchenette Airfare.
NASH, 689-8688
30 — Jobs
PIPE SMOKER preferred for part-time
job in tobacco shop. Reply Box 30,
Ubyssey,  Rm. 241 S.U.B.
PIANO TUNING — Expert tuning and
repairs to all makes. Reduced rates
to students. Call Dallas Hinton 266-
8123  anytime.
policy or social research. Former
university lecturer. Call Diane 738-
5602. Leave message.
85 — Typing
35 — Lost
CAMPUS DROP-OFF for fast accurate
typing. Reasonable rates. Call 731-
1807  after  12:00.
WATCH,   RING,  lost  in   Main  Library.
Phone   Marc,   277-4147.   Reward.
LOST—1    black    binder.   HMEC   book.
Phone 736-2182.
Rate: 70c per page and up. Phone
876-0158   if   interested.
TYPING — Fast and Accurate. Live
close to campus. Please call Susan
Neat, accurate and fast. Reasonable
rates.  922-4443.
Essays typed, reasonable rates. Phone
99 — Miscellaneous
Rent cabin day/week.  732-0174 eves.
writing competition deadline Jan. 31.
For info.  228-3313. Friday, January 28, 1977
Page 19
Puck 'Birds host Calgary
The battle for second place in the
Canada West hockey league
continues this weekend when the
University of Calgary Dinosaurs
play the UBC Thunderbirds in the
winter sports centre.
The 'Birds currently lead the
Dinos by four points. But this is a
slender margin considering the
Dinos recent performance.
Calgary dropped two close games
to Edmonton, the league leaders,
before downing the 'Birds 9-4 and 5-
3 last weekend in Calgary.
Calgary will be led by high
scoring forwards Rick Hindmarch
and Bob Laycock. Bob Galloway,
last year's all-star goaltender, will
be in the Dinos' net.
Conference   all-star   and   team
captain Bill Ennos is shooting well.
A good finish by Ennos could give
the 'Birds second place.
Kamloops native Ron Lefebvre
must continue to provide steady
goaltending as well.
The 'Birds play an aggressive
forechecking game highlighted by
an explosive offense. To beat the
Dinos UBC will have to stay out of
the penalty box. Calgary has
scored six power-play goals
against the 'Birds.
Tom Blaney. "'ith 80 penalty
minutes, must St^ oh the ice. He
leads the 'Birds' scoring with eight
Dan Lucas has recently provided
the 'Birds with excellent play-
making. A noted goal  scorer in
junior, he has adjusted well to
collegiate hockey.
Either the 'Birds or the Dinos
will represent Canada West at the
Canadian University hockey finals
in Edmonton this spring.
Edmonton will automatically
qualify as host. This leaves only
one berth to either the 'Birds or the
Dinos. Saskatchewan is out of
playoff contention.
Thegamesare8p.m. Friday and
Saturday in the winter sports
Thunderbirds 4-2
in California wrestle
The UBC Thunderbird wrestling
team completed a tour of
California Monday with a 4-2
San Jose State defeated the
'Birds in their first match 30-20.
San Jose is one of the top U.S.
wrestling teams.
Friday, the 'Birds took part in a
quadrangular meet which they
won. The 'Birds defeated
University of California at Davis
33-18. Then California State at
Northridge fell to the 'Birds 38-8.
Finally the University of California
at Hayward were forced to forfeit
their match to the UBC team.
On the final day of competition
the 'Birds fell to the University of
Oregon (Eugene) Ducks 45-6. At
the last ranking of U.S. wrestling
teams the Ducks were fifth and are
sure to be higher in the next
Saturday night the 'Birds came
back to defeat San Francisco State
University 28-16. San Francisco
State is ranked in the top 10 in the
The outstanding wrestler for
UBC on the tour was Craig
Delahunt (177 lbs.). He lost only
one match during the six competitions. BuckDavis, a top ranked
National Collegiate Athletic
Association wrestler from
University of Oregon beat
Delahunt Saturday afternoon.
This weekend the 'Birds take on
two top U.S. colleges here at UBC.
Friday, they wrestle Western
Washington State College at 4 p.m.
in P. E. Gym "A" in the South
Campus complex.
Match box
Vancouver and district junior
women's tournament, all day,
Vancouver   Lawn   and   Tennis club.
Western Washington State at UBC
(men's, 4 p.m., P.E. Gym "A".
Ruby's Raiders at UBC (jv.), 7:30
p.m., War Memorial Gym.
University of Calgary at UBC, 8
p.m., winter sports centre.
Vancouver and district junior
women's tournament, all day,
Vancouver   Lawn  and  Tennis  Club.
Eldorado Gienavons at UBC, 2
p.m., Thunderbird Stadium.
Green River College at UBC
(men's),  7:30 p.m., P.E. Gym "A".
University of Calgary at UBC, 8
p.m., winter sports centre.
Level I meet, all day, Hyack Swim
Independent Optician*
Come in and experience good old-fashioned Service!
UFO - Christian Dior - Silhoutte - Actuell
44 Water St., Gastown       C81-6626
Join us for
Friday, Jan. 28
4 p.m.-6:30 p.m.
All Arts Students & Faculty Welcome
'Birds in Saskatoon
looking for playoffs
. . shooting well
The UBC Thunderbirds
basketball team could move into
second place this weekend when
they play the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies in
The 'Birds are currently tied for
third spot wijth the University of
Calgary Dinosaurs with 7-5
records. In second spot, two points
ahead of the 'Birds and the Dinos,
are the University of Victoria
Vikings with an 8-4 record.
The 'Birds have a very good
chance of sweeping the two-game
series with the Huskies. Saskatchewan has not beaten UBC in over
two years of league play.
Victoria plays first-place
University of Alberta Golden
Bears who have a 10-2 record. The
Vikings would be hard pressed for
a win in either game.
Although the Huskies have won
only two games this year they will
by no means be a pushover for
the 'Birds. Roger Ganes, the top
Huskie point getter is second in the
Canada West. oring race with 269
points for an average of 22.4 points
per game. In field goal accuracy
Ganes is also second in the league
hitting for 53 per cent of his shots.
Another potent Huskie is Bob
Thompson who is seventh in the
scoring race with a 15-point
UBC's big scorer is forward Jan
Bohn. He is fourth in the league
scoring with 210 points and an
average of 18 points per game.
Bohn is first in shooting from the
field with 55 per cent.
But the place where the game is
likely to be decided is on the
boards. Since UBC centre Mike
McKay was injured Jan. 8 the
'Birds have had a lot of difficulty in
the    rebounding    department.
■iIii/'/"   i' l!:
n" ■ .-:
.ii' t«;
B.C.S great tasting beer,
...because it's slow brewed with the pure
spring water from Shannon Falls Park. Page 20
Friday, January 28, 1977
.. • .at better prices
both with
Impressive from the moment you turn it on"! 40 watts of pure
power per channel at lower than low distortion levels. 0.1% at full
power! This AM/FM stereo receiver is loaded with features and
allows you complete control over what you hear.
JBL Decade L-26 is a super speaker system of exceptional clarity
and detail. Deep bass and excellent transient response are JBL
trademarks. Finished in natural oak cabinets with a choice of
stretch fabric grills. Turn it on with JBL!
CA 1000
Over 70 + 70 watts RMS per channel at
less than 0.1% total distortion and loaded
with features.
considered by most audio
critics and consumers to
be the world's finest
cartridge. Make a date for
a recital today.
The most open and
spacious sound you can
imagine. The now famous
distortion, more clarity
and greater dispersion
than any other type of
speaker. Come in and
audition this great system
and find out why ESS is
the name to own.
ocuici as clear as ight"
Ths Oft*? tool* tu>e<}e<i to #*-
,*mt*. s QytMtktt are * 58
watt p«t>eit wi t«e ring iron,
titw cmc s*l<*«t long nose
d.id    ,rtP lutttrt* vttert,, ami
lets   .
make it
If you have built other brands of
kits, you may be surprised .it
Dynakit simplicity, where the
typical manual is under 24 pages,
and less than half of that is actu.il
construction steps. In contrast to
other kits where you must check
many diagrams for the total pictuie,
Dynakits are so simple a single
pictorial layout makes checking
your work easy.
400 WATTS R.M.S.
JBL Loudspeaker
We've got 'em —the entire
line of JBL's newest
loudspeaker components -
dividing networks, lenses,
horns, transducers,
everything. We can even
provide you with complete
plans for building your own
Open Thursday and Friday
until 9 P.M.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items