UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 18, 1994

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76, No.26
 iiiiNacific- m
Vancouver, British Columbia, January 18,1994
"Mandarin has overtaken
Cantonese because the big
China market has become
very sexy. **
Page 5
Jobless Canadians flee for Hong Kong
scores of well-educated Canadian talent lose
their lustre while mired in
unemployment, job insecurity and a lack of promotion,
a colony of 35,000 other
Canadians have discovered
an employment paradise.
They have hopped on a plane
to go west Far west to the East
They fly offshore to a land
where joblessness is virtually nonexistent And now, this land hosts
the largest colony of overseas Canadians.
It is in Hong Kong where
university grads say their abilities
may flourish. Upon graduation,
they are practically guaranteed a
career-related job with good pay in
a city which views education as
sacrosanct as religion. A reference
letter from a professor is almost
like a letter from God.
Usually within two years,
these Canadians enter management positions. On any given day
While the West is cocooned in a quality of life philosophy
of work less for more pay, the East has a vision of work
more, get rich and retire in the West.
20-something Canadians flash
business cards in a non-stop drive
to increase financial opportunities.
With air travel to neighbouring
economies on the rise, the young
professionals are beginning to
speak in the tongue of foreign
ambassadors with a vast knowledge of world affairs.
Job turnover almost mimics a
stock exchange as
employees quit permanent jobs for better ones. Or they
leave the city with
considerable wealth.
Compared to
Canada's staggering
11% unemployment
rate, highest among industrialized
nations. Hong Kong's rate is only
2%. And it is eclipsed by a 4%
labour shortage.
"The 2% unemployed are
those who have chosen to be unemployed," said public affairs
manager Neil Reeder of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce. He is
not kidding.
On Saturdays, local English
papers carry nearly 100 pages of
job listings for English speakers.
For theSouih China Morning Post,
that figure peaked at 186 pages last
year. The job boom has even given
solid business in Vancouver to Sing
Too Pao and Ming Poo which are
read more for the classifieds than
"Now more people have found
out about the opportunities so it
may take a bit longer to find a job,"
Reeder says. "It used to only take
two weeks, now it takes about two
Today Canada's largest overseas Chamber of Commerce is in
Hong Kong, a city of six million
people. Most English-speaking
(Canadians are inevitably connected
to the Chamber. Canada's second
embassy was set up here in 1928 to
strengthen Commonwealth ties, a
year after the first was set up in
Washington, D.C. Today there are
atleastSOO Canadian firms in Hong
With a buoyant
economy, job quality and
selection has improved
drastically, Reeder says.
The Hang Seng
Stock Exchange index recently rose past 12,000
points to a record high
doubling the index two
years ago. The increase is attributed to foreign interest from North
American fund managers who are
positioning investments at China's
doorstep in the security of Hong
Kong. China's miracle economy
has dramatically stirred up demand
for human expertise and supply for
economic opportunities.    And
Hong Kong is willing to pay handsome salaries for a brain gain it has
never seen before in its entire history to satiate the needs of China,
home of a quarter of the world's
consumers, roughly four times the
population of North America.
By contrast Canada's inability to stimulate economic growth,
tackle a growing deficit and reduce high taxation has halted foreign investment in Canada and demoralized Canadians.
Christina Pao, 22, who just
graduated from International Relations at the University of B.C.,
discovered that employers in
Vancouver were unwilling to hire
graduates without seasoned work
experience—or even those who
had it Many employers advertising jobs in The Vancouver Sun
were inundated with more than
500 applications.
On September 14, Pao, who
speaks little Cantonese, left for
Hong Kong armed with just a resume and dazzling reference letter
from a UBC professor. By November 14 she had three job offers:
One for a reputable local marketing company, another for a British
trading company, and another at a
five star hotel for management
SEE PAGE 7 Tuesday, January 18,1994
Vfol. 76, No. 26
Journalism down on credit
As a young journalist four years
ago, I was given my first briefing at
The Toronto Star, the nation's
largest quality broadsheet daily.
Wehadheard howgung-ho&ar
reporters were at acquiring hidden
information to reach a high calibre
of reporting. To balance our zeal,
however, city editor Joe Hall,
originally from Fleet Street walked
into the room only to tell new
recruits:'The most important thing
is credibility, remember that.
Accuracy is so important, mistakes
are an embarassment." He then
walked out like a phantom.
His words struck fear into The
Star's new recruits. He didn't care
whatbiases or backgrounds we had,
only that the facts were correct If
a serious allegation arose and there
were factual errors, we would be
sent straight into The Star
doghouse. Stories could not be the
product of wishful thinking.
Information simply could not be
tainted by factual errors. The Star
would run stories with all the
hardware, but not hardware that
was hot
An editor's guillotine hung high
above those who risked
assumption. So petrified were the
cub reporters that anytime they
touched an investigative story, facts
were tripled checked, omissions
carefully thought out
In two major investigations I
undertook that summer, I spent
many sleepless nights mulling over
the facts, wondering if I had slipped
somewhere and missed questions.
I had read how costly assumptions
were in the famed Watergate
stories, how simple they were made.
The sight of Benjamin Bradlee's
tough glare on TV invoked
accuracy. The Washington Post had
a creed: "When in doubt, leave it
out" But have the guts to find the
facts. That motto was branded in
The Star newsroom. And the room
had a lot of gutsy reporters.
Fact checking becomes
complicated when another language
is involved. Of late, as a Vancouver
correspondent I've undertaken a
special investigation involving
Cantonese speaking sources. My
foreign editors feel "shaky" when
interviews are not recorded.
Notwithstanding, interviews
involving Cantonese vernacular can
be tough to interpret especially when
subjects are missing and words like
"buy" and "sell" can sound the same.
Sometimes the context is missing,
sometimes one wonders if a source
has heard correctly in spite of repeated
questioning. It is, however, a
journalist's job to fairly chronicle an
event The interview was redone for
confirmation and clarification.
Two stories, two
wrongs. When can
you tell it is right?
The difficulty in maintaining this
professional standard arises when
reporters andeditorscondoneadegree
of assumption to accommodate time
constraints if not wishful thinking.
Take the latest controversy in The
Vancouver Sun. A Sun reporter wrote
a tiny article that raised a serious
allegation against the Chinese who
form nearly 300,000people in Greater
Vancouver. The article was so tiny
that even a by-line for the author was
omitted. The information lacked
scope and in essence was too shallow
to justify any allegation.
It was placed on the front page of
the city section. And it subsequently
raised several conflicts.
To make matters worse, the story
rested on a key fact that turned out to
be false.
Thearticle purported thatamother
from Hong Kong came to Canada to
give birth seemingly to acquire
Canadian citizenship. This incident
was tied to the issueof passport babies
which somehow though not explained
was tied to the Chinese. These
statements were later dubbed
"explanatory paragraphs."
It later came to light that the
father wasalanded immigrant which
meant it was improbable the birth
was used to acquire Canadian
citizenship. To make matters even
worse, The Sun published a photo of
the parents but mixed up the names
of the husband and wife. The errors
can only be attributed to sloppy
editorial work.
Reporters from the Chinese press
covered the story correctly. The Sun
attributed the error to hospital
sources misinforming reporters. The
story in essence was based on
hearsay. With the Chinese forming
more than a quarter million people
in the city, one must ask how many
more stories on the Chinese will be
based on hearsay and how many
more Chinese residents will be
victimized by langauge barriers.
Still, no editor of a major news
organization would ever approve of
correspondents relying on indirect
sources. At the very least we must
enlist the aid of trustworthy
interpreters. The bottom line is the
facts have to be correct and
doublechecked when there are
doubts. And there must be solid
communication with sources. But
for The Sun, there were no doubts
despite the serious allegations. The
mistakes were left in.
Yesterday there was another
mistake (see Pis page 3). Are readers
expected to figure out which facts
are correct?
Another incident I recall vividly
may have significantly influenced a
political outcome.
Ted McWhinney is the Member
of Parliament for Vancouver
Quadra, our constituency.
Twodaysbefore he was involved
in a heated Liberal candidate race
The Sun published an article with
the following angle: A consitutional
czar—that being McWhinney—
might not win the race because out-
of-riding Chinese voters were
allowed to vote.
for UBC Students
Drop-in and get help with 1st year subjects in Math, Physics,
Statistics, Economics, and English.
7pm to 9pm
Magda's (in the Common's Block of Totem Park Residence) 2525 West Mall
lpm to 5pm 5pm to 9pm
Room 205 in the SUB (Student Union Building) 6138 SUB Boulevard
CLASSIFIED • 822-3978
RATES: AMS cardholders - 3 lines, $3.15, additional lines, 63 cents, commercial
• 3 lines, $5.25, additional lines, 80 cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or more).
Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 3:30pm, 2 days before publication.
Room 266, SUB, UBC, Vancouver, BC, V6T 2A7, 822-3977.
11 - FOR SALE - Private
286 Monochrome Monitor-VGA.
3.25, 1.44 Floppy, 40 meg hard
Mini tower case, mouse, 739-
6081. $550.	
$150. Nice br. with priv. bath in
shared house, with laund. at 41st &
Oak on UBC bus line. 266-2636.
needed to share beautiful 2 bdr.
condo - washer/dryer, dishwasher,
fireplace. $380,737-7799.
30 - JOBS
magazine. Get lotsa cash. Own
transport advantage but no essential.
Call 253-2132.	
>$1,00 for pA sales out of home.
Only 10 positions for stud, avail. Ph.
ASAP 275-5471.	
needed for 3 children, 6 1/2, 6, 6
mths — starting Jan. 25th. Please
call Laurie or Ron at 874-6864.
management positions in Coquitlam,
Pt. Moody, and other Vancouver
areas. Great business opportunity
and good earning potential. Call
Student Works at 244-3924.
rentals. We gladly accept cash
deposits. We make renting hassle
free. Ph. 261-2277 - 261-CARS.
help produce short video on race/
culture. Must have own equip.
Contact Naina@ 731-9452.
English. Phone 662-3775. Will
return all calls.
PROFESSIONAL typist 30 years
exp., ed process/typing, APA/MLA,
thesis. Student rates. Dorothy, 228-
... on campus...
Stop running around!
PCs / Macs / lots of software
packages / and of course, a
Postscript laser printer.
Rm 60 - SUB, Ground Level
Ph/fax 822-5640
The Ubyssey is now accepting
Valentine messages for the special
Feb. 11th Valentine Issue.
Deadline is Feb. 9. Avoid the
rush. Book your love now!
Comprehensive 20-hour weekend
course; experienced instructors;
simulated exam; free repeat option;
full money-back guarantee.
Only $24.95 (2 pgs). lOyrsexp.
Includes 10 Laser prints & diskette.
stud. Will type anything. $2/pg. On
campus pick up & del. Laser print
Lauren 222-2399.	
48 hr. service. Gold stamping.
Hard cover. AAA Binding Serv.
Inc. Ph: 683-BIND.	
resumes, term papers, theses, etc.
Stored for two years. Very
Reasonable. 889-0476.
|   BETWEEN CLASSES, FOLKS! « NOON=12:30     1
Student Exchange Programs Office. Info,
session(LASTONE!!). Noon,BUCHA104.
UBCWomen'sCentre. Coffee and Herbal
Tea House: All women and their children
welcome. 4:30-7:30pm, UBC Women's
Centre —SUB 130.
Friday, January 21st
Nursing Undergraduate Society.
"Directions in Nursing" Presentation series.
Discussion forum for undergrad students with
B.SN.practisingnurses. Noon-l:20pm. Univ.
Hosp. - UBCSite, Acute Care Pavilion T-188
(third floor).
Next issue of POW • Feb. 4
Tuesday, January 18th
Student Health Outreach Program. Health
Eating Clinic, eating on the run, cooking for
one, surviving residence foods, eta Noon-
ISO, Brock 207. Registration required 228-
4044. Meets weekly for 4 weeks.
Overeaten Anonymous. Weekly mtg. for
compulsive overeaten, bulimics & anorexics.
Noon-l:20each Tuesday. Lutheran Campus
UBC Photo Society. Gen. mtg., 7pm,
SUB 207/209.
Thursday, January 20th
Joblink (AMS). Seminar - How to find a
summer job. Noon, SUB Party room.
61 Mogodor
Moorish&MediterrQneon Giisine
From Morocco, Spain and France, the influences
combine, for an unforgettable, yet affordable, dining
Open for lunch, dinner and after the theatre
for desserts or a lieht meal.
4473 West 10th Avenue
Information and Reservations • 222-2668 Vol. 76, No.26
Tuesday, January 18,1994
ii I£\ 111111111 r A ■ *• **'	
Lawyers on
the street
UBC which launched the
nation's only Phd in law mis
year has limited law school
admissions to 180 down from
240 the previous year. The bad
news is the school expects many
of its current students to be
unemployed after graduation as
lawyers from the east arriving in
Vancouver have saturated the
job market Those lucky to fmd
articling jobs required before
they pass the bar exams may
earn $1800 a month.
A $10 million
violin complex
A $ 10 million donation by the
Chan brothers Tom and Caleb,
the university's second highest
ever, is helping to pay for a new
Performing Arts Centre. The
complex will be designed in the
shape of a violin by architect
Bing Thorn and will be located
at the site of the old Armouries
complex next to Frederick Wood
Theatre. The Chan brothers,
known for their real estate
developments at Whistler,
downtown Vancouver and Hong
Kong, originally donated the
amountanonymously. Theirgift
came from the fundraising efforts
of UBC Chancellor Bob Lee and
former Lt Gov. David Lam.
Peter Wall, Lee's longtime real
estate partner, is the campus'
biggest donor. He gave $15
million recently.
Students paid
to see city's
dark side
They see drug overdoses, bar
fightsandlostchildren. But they
do not carry guns or make arrests.
Vancouver police have started
an employment program for
university students equipped
with the cultural expertise
demanded by their beats. The
students are paid $9 an hour and
assist with note-taking and
routine radio checks. Edward
Shum, a UBC science students,
filled one of eight positions
available for 180applicants. The
federally funded program is
designed to improve the
community compatibility of the
police force.
.007: UBC
license to stop
Police roadblocks stopped350
cars at UBC during the holiday
and issued five warnings. After
a warning, a driver must leave
the vehicle and arrange for other
transportation. Warnings may
be issued even when a driver's
alcohol level is below the legal
limit of 0.08.
Pis will spy on university students
Private investigators hired by
worried parents may soon be
spying on university students,
checking if they are at classes and
if they are meeting the appropriate
A Hong Kong firm, in the
process of setting up shop in
Vancouver, has offered parents a
chance to spy on their adultchildren
in Canada.
Dubbed "Gradwatch" by
Hong Kong-based Fact Finders,
the service is the brainchild of an
ex-military police officer.
idea," director of Fact Finders Ken
We report what we see—if they're with a
Chinese girl...if they're at a bar.
Allan said this morning. "Gradwatch   incorrect in reporting yesterday that
his firm was already operating in
Vancouver and Toronto and spying
with candid cameras.
"That's a little bit over the top
on the spying bit," he said. "We do
use a hidden camera in a video bag
in Hong Kong. We actually haven't
got one in Vancouver. We don't
even have an office yet"
The 14-year-old company
specializes in trademark and
commercial inquiries in Hong Kong
and helps clients with credit
information or infringment on
intellectual property rights, he said.
Gradwatch was added  as  a
was only created by myself a week
He says he may also open an
office in Toronto.
"Our guy at the moment is in
Vancouver. We haven't got the
premises yet It's still at a very early
After advertising Gradwatch on
Friday in Hong Kong's South China
Morning Post.VadF'mdets received
a dozen customer requests and an
onslaught of media questions. Allan
has become a local celebrity
overnight in Hong Kong.
He said The Vancouver Sun was
supplementary service which also
includes guardian services. The
concept came when the company
decided to start services in Canada.
At present there are about
16,500 Hong Kong visa students in
Canadian colleges and universities.
"The Chinese are very
protective of their families. If one of
their children is overseas, and
doesn't have relatives, we can check
on them openly to make sure they
are safe and sound," Allan said.
"When the parents don't hear
from their children they may become
concerned. They may have
absolutely disappeared off the face
of the earth or been murdered...Or
maybe instead of studying they have
run off with a young lady."
AM quake terrorizes
LA on fire; 27 dead
An earthquake ripped through
Los Angeles county and its
surrounding area early yesterday
morning. Resulting fires, floods
and massive structural damage
have left 15,000 people without
shelter and over two dozen dead.
Thousands have put up
makeshift housing in front yards
and public parks. Many are scared
to return to what is left of their
homes, fearing they are now
structurally unsafe.
Measuring 6.6 on the richter
scale with an epicenter in the San
Fernando Valley, the quake
produced damage to LA from
Hollywood to Westwood, and was
felt as far as Santa Barbara. Over
200 after-shocks continued after
the main tremor, each measuring
between 2 and 5.5 on the richter
Three valley hospitals have
shut down and mayor Richard
Reardon has asked businesses to
close in an effort to keep people
off the streets. A curfew has been
instated to prevent looting.
"All the supermarkets have
lines to enter. The gas stations
have lines. It's terrible," said LA
City College studentRuben Garcia.
"A lot of the city is at a
standstill The amount of power
on the streets is to prevent looting.
They have in place a lot of
emergency procedures from the riots
and they're utilizing it" he said.
Major freeways and overpasses
have collapsed, and aquaducts and
power stations have been disabled.
Countless water mains have burst
and gas mains have exploded,
touching off scores of fires.
Damage to homes and freeways
resembles the aftermath of the area's
last big quake in 1971. The freeways
collapsed then as well but were
rebuilt, supposedly strengthened
against earthquakes.
"It's a damaging, potentially fatal
earthquake, but not a large
earthquake," said Vancouver
geophysicist David Vogt
Dozens of earthquakes
measuring 6.6 on the richter scale
occur each year, but the LA quake is
making world headlines because the
city is a major population zone and
world media centre, Vogt said.
Experts have been predicting a n
even larger quake to hit Vancouver.
"We're expecting a mega-thrust
The last one occured 300 years ago
and big earthquakes operate in a 300
to 500 year cycle," Vogt said, adding
that the Lower Mainland has survived
hundreds of major geological
disturbances over the centuries.        Watch out for the March Photo issue of Pow as
"We do know that Vancouver photographer Rosa Tseng (above) and her colleagues
won't disappear or that Vancouver exhibit photo essays and investigate how to break into
Island won't do a double black flip,  the local photo industry for the new back page Option
"Wedon'tknowhowalltheman- section. peter kao photo
made structures will.respond to a
major earthquake."
Electrocution blacks out UBC
An electrocution which
burned half a man's body caused
a one hour blackout at UBC last
An electrical superintendent
whose name has not been released
was working on switches in a
room at the Green College
construction site. He was
apparently unaware that one of
the two lines in the room was still
active, and was jolted with about
1200 volts of electricity, according
to UBC media relations
representative Steve Crombie.
UBC Fire Department chief
Steve Norden said the man "reached
out for a power box that he thought
had no power. Electricity ran up his
arm, burned his legs and then went
into the ground."
The man was an employee of
Rickett-Sewell,    a    company
subcontracted by UBC forelectrical
The accident occurred at
12:30pm last Thursday, and caused
a blackout for more than an hour in
Angus, the UBC bookstore and the
computer science building.
"I was in the computer annex
and all of the sudden the computers
all went blank. Everybody started
to panic," said Michael King, a 4th
year student
The electrocution was a rare
incident in UBC history.
Said Norden, "I have been here
22 years and this is either the first or
second time it has happened while I
have been here."
"I've seen downed wires, even
a lightning bolt hitting a tree and
injuring someone, but never
anything like this," said Norden.
While the victim received
serious bums, his current status was
not available at press time.' This year,
the AMS is offering
you a new kind of slate...
A clean one.
The Alma Mater Society Committee for Organizational Review and Planning (CORP) was
created in order to evaluate your student society. CORP is to propose improvements that will make the AMS a more effective organization and an even better
resource for the students of UBC. But we can't do it alone. We need to know what you
want to see from your student society, and what will best benefit your life at UBC.
Please stop by the CORP suggestion boxes on the SUB Concourse and drop off your
ideas, suggestions, complaints and/or opinions, or drop them off at the AMS
Executive Offices (SUB Room 238). Because, JFK notwithstanding, it's time to ask
what your Alma Mater Society can do for you.
Written submissions may be given to Terri Folsom, Administrative Assistant, SUB
Room 238. Oral submissions may be scheduled through
ilandy Romero, Assistant to the President, SUB Room
m at 822-3972.
more information ;^a$e contact Bill Dobie,
M, SUB Room 3S^|at 822-3972.
LANNING Vbt 76, No.26
Tuesday, January 18,1994
\   '*
\ "
One hot tongue
Fall of Bamboo Curtain: Rise of Mandarin
ON THE streets of
Vancouver and in the
shops and restaurants where
Cantonese was once the major
language spoken, Mandarin has
suddenly taken over.
Increasingly people are
beginning to speak and learn
Mandarin. Why so suddenly?
"Mandarin has overtaken
Cantonese because the big China
market has become very sexy and
the hot spot for doing business,"
said Asia-Pacific Foundation
director Sue Hooper.
Economists predict that China
will have the world's largest
economy within 30 years. And
within five years, 100 million people
in China will have higher incomes
than the average Canadian, an
amazing turnaround from 10 years
ago when the whole nation was
As of
1 1 3
firms had
contracts in
who wants
to        do
important in Asia needs two things:
English and Mandarin. Mandarin
can be understood in many regions
and not just China," said Yvonne Li
With 4,000 reporters
world-wide, the
Taiwan-based World
Journal, the world's
largest newspaper,
publishes 10,000
copies of a Vancouver
edition daily.
Walls, director of Chinese Culture
and Communication at SFU's David
Lam Centre for International
"Canadians are beginning to be
aware that we have closer ties to the
Pacific Rim instead of the Atlantic
countries....It took a long time to
realize, but it is happening."
With the steady dissolving of
the bamboo curtain, China has
become the hottest economic bed in
Asia if not the world. Canadian
businesses and citizens are rooting
themselves on China fertile grounds
with a view at a more prosperous
"Because China is opening up
and their economic policies are better
for Chinese people and for
investment therefore, many people
look to China for a new economic
market," Walls said.
The  surge  of Mandarin-
speaking immigrants from Taiwan
in Vancouver, which began five
years ago, offers another incentive
to learn what
has       been
dubbed   the
language of
the        21st
Already, the
language has
washed ashore
in publishing.
Ma Quiyan of UBC physics spearheads
new China think-tank
the Taiwan-based World Journal,
the world's largest newspaper,
publishes 10,000 copies of a
Vancouver edition daily. It covers
news catered for a Taiwanese
readership with its Chinese
sentences styled for Mandarin
And nearly 50,000 Taiwan
residents have immigrated to
Canada, now at a rate of more than
5,000 per year, according to Ted
Liao of the Taipei Economic and
Cultural Office. Taiwan is the third
largest source of immigrants for
Canada behind behind Hong Kong
and India.
"Rising immigration is mostly
because of investment appeal of
Canada, but partially is due to
educational opportunities," Liao
"Many Taiwanese find the
Canadian system more creative than
the Tawian system.
"As well, Canada offers abetter
qualitative life. This trait is
especially appealing to immigrants.
They want to estabish an enjoyable
future," Liao said.
By far the largest Taiwan-based
investment in Greater Vancouver is
President Plaza in Richmond,
strategically placed across the street
from Hong Kong's local pillar of
retail, Aberdeen Centre. Still under
construction at the President Plaza
is a Sheraton Hotel.
"I think that (President Plaza)
will attract more investment from
Taiwan," said Liao. "There is also a
increasing number of Taiwanese
113 Canadian
companies, with a
dozen based in BC,
had signed contracts
for projects in
THOUGH China has yet to
establish a major presence
in Greater Vancouver, a group of
scholars and students are not waiting.
They have formed a China think-
tank to prepare for an imminent
A group of professionals,
mainly scholars and students from
China with technological expertise,
formed the Canadian Chinese
Society of Science and Technology
(CCSST) last spring, enlisting UBC
Chancellor Bob Lee as an advisor.
It is Canada's first organized
technological connection to China
and the first professional association
organized by mainland Chinese
"We also want to be the bridge
between Chinese professionals in
the area of science and technology
and other related Canadian
organizations,'' said UBC physics
professor Ma Quiyuan.
Lavish event: UBC bridge over Pacific waters
THEY came from across
Canada to the Waterfront
Hotel and paid tickets costing as
much as front row seats to the
Phantom of the Opera.
The event was enough to
attract commerce students from
the east coast
With business education
altering to accommodate global
markets, commerce students at
UBC last weekend set up its first
conference on the Pacific Rim.
And about 150 people paid $75
to attend a gala dubbed Bridging
the Pacific.
"We're trying to get some
knowledge and insight from
people with an expertise in the
Asian Pacific area...so that we
can seize the opportunities
available to us with the increased
globalization, and increased
competitiveness in the global
marketplace," said conference
chairperson Tina Lai, a member of
UBC's Commerce Undergraduate
Speakers included CEOs
William Dalton ofthe Hong Kong
Bank of Canada,
Donald Hudson
of the
Parasiuk of the
B.C. Trade and
Corp., William Saywellof the Asia
Pacific Foundation and David
Emerson of Vancouver
International Airport Authority.
Several CEOs emphasized a
strong demand for young
professionals in the Pacific Rim
and highlighted a current of North
Americans headed toward Asia.
They claim that Vancouver,
Canada's gateway to the Pacific, has
been underutilized to the point that it
has taken a backseat to the U.S. in
Pacific trade. At present, British
Columbia trades more with Asia than
with the U.S.
"We are the closest North
"We are the closest North American
urban centre to Asia, both in distance
and in time"
American urban centre to Asia, both
in distance and in time," Dalton said.
Vancouver has the advantage of
having many people who speak the
appropriate languages and have the
cultural knowledge, Dalton said.
He said that within 30 years,
China will have the world's largest
economy. He said in 5 years 100
million people there will have
incomes equivalent or greater than
the average Canadian.
At present China is demanding
high volumes of consumer products
and rebuilding several major cities.
Said Lai: "Right across the
weekend most of the speakers have
hammered  in  the
concept of along term
investment and the
need        for        a
collaborative effort.
So by meeting these
contacts hopefully the
outcome is for us to
put our resources
towards a common goal."
The project was the first joint
collaboration between commerce
undergrad and graduate students.
UBC commerce students spenta
gruelling 10 months to organize the
conference. With no infrastructure in
place, they resorted to their education
in marketing, accounting and
networking to launch the conference.
"For people who haven't
been to a conference of this
nature, they couldn't even
visualize what I was talking
about," Lai said. "So I believe
the more time you spend on
something, the better the results
She added, "I would like
this to be an annual event,
highlighting the topical business
issues of the day.
"And I'd like to see the
faculty bring all the resources
together...I guess towards a
more macroscopic level."
"One of the main themes the
speakers have been trying to
expand on this weekend is the
need for a collaborative effort
and for us to use our resources
before venturing into foreign
markets. So if we tap into our
resources at home, we'll appear
as a very united front" Tuesday, January 18,1994
Vbl. 76, No. 26
HOT TONGUE FROM 5 m^—mm^—mm^^^^—m^^
owned computer software companies here as well...we can expect in the
near future more diversified investment in Canada."
At present, Mandarin is taught in both English and Cantonese at night
classes sponsored by the Vancouver School Board.
"Vancouver has over 200,000 new Chinese immigrants and it is very
important to respond to client needs," Hooper said. "Students want to
become competitive when they graduate. The little you pick up will
impress your business partners and will go a long way."
For those discouraged by the difficulties in learning Mandarin, Walls
said that if taught correctly, Mandarin should not be difficult to learn.
"It is a fallacy that Mandarin is difficult" said Walls. 'Twenty-two
point five per cent of mankind speaks it so it cannot be that difficult Also
you do not need to conjugate verbs or distinguish between tenses, like in
Young women from post-secondary institutions across Canada as well as senior students from high schools within British Columbia are attending Young Women and
Politics, a conference intended to encourage young women to participate in their communities at a political level, and to provide student leaders access to a network of support and information.
12:30 p.m.
1:30 p.m.
3:00 p.m.
3:30-5:00 p.m.
Day 1 Wednesday,
February 9th
4:00 p.m. Registration
5:30 p.m. Hors d'oeuvres
6:30 p.m. Keynote Speaker
The Honourable Sheila Copps -
Deputy Prime Minister and Minister
of the Environment. TBC.
7:30 p.m. Dessert
Day 2 Thursday,
February 10th
8:00 a.m. Continental Breakfast
8:50 a.m. Announcements
9:00 a.m. Women and Politics: A Review,
Part One
Dr. Lynda Erickson - Associate
Pr<^,to55r,r   Sirrvtn Fro**51" UrWOr'i."
10:30 a.m. Refreshment Break
11:00 a.m. Women and Politics: A Review,
Part Two
Dr. Lynda Erickson - Associate
Professor, Simon Fraser University
12:30 p.m. Lunch
1:30 p.m. Panel Discussion: Women and
Political Parties
3:00 p.m. Refreshment Break
3:30-5:00 p.m.        Overview: Women and Poverty
Day 3 Friday,
February 11 th
8:00 a.m. Continental Breakfast
8:50 a.m. Announcements
9:00 a.m. Overview. Women and Violence
10:30 a.m. Refreshment Break
11:00 a.m. Panel Discussion: Women and
Day 4
8:00 a.m.
8:50 a.m.
9:00 a.m.
10:30 a.m.
11:00 a.m.
12:30 p.m.
1:30 p.m.
3:00 p.m.
3:30-5:00 p.m.
Day 5
9:30 a.m.
10:30 a.m.
12:00 p.m.
Elected Office
Panel Discussion: Minority
Women and Politics
Refreshment Break
Concurrent Workshops: Working
with the "Old Boys"; Relating to
the Media; or Being an Effective
Committee Member
February 12th
Continental Breakfast
Overview: Women and
Refreshment Break
Panel Discussion: Women's
Concurrent Workshops: Getting
the Nomination; Fundraising for
the Campaign; or Enlisting Support
for an Issue
Refreshment Break
Concurrent Workshops: Getting
the Nomination; Fundraising for
the Campaign; or Enlisting Support
for an Issue
February 13th
Closing Speaker
Rosemary Brown - Chief
Commissioner, Ontario Human
Rights Commission
Closing Remarks
Registration forms for Young Women and Politics are available from the office of the
Coordinator of External Affairs in SUB Room 250. As space is limited, please register as early as possible.
For further information, please contact either Carole Forsythe, Coordinator of External
Affairs, or Sophia Lee, Coordinator with Young Women and Politics, in SUB Room 250
at 822-2050.
THINK-TANK FROM 3   ^^^^^m
The group is derived from more
than 8,000 Chinese nationals
allowed to settle in Canada after the
Tiananmen Square massacre. Most
were graduate students studying
science or engineering in Canada
and are now currently working in
industrial companies or universities.
About 85 per cent of the
CCSST's 200 members in Western
Canada have a masters or PhD
degree from a Canadian university.
One third is working in the industry
and trade sectors, and another third
is working in universities.
"There    are     so     many
associations      in      Chinese
communities here, but none of them
is specialized in science," Ma said.
Though less than six months
old, the CCSST has rapidly risen in
profile with the BC government,
which hopes to create more
employment and job opportunities
for Canadians in China.
BC companies are slowly
linking themselves to the East,
expanding the job market for
Canadians. As of last September,
113 Canadian companies, with a
dozen based in BC, had signed
contracts for projects in China.
"We have numerous contracts
as a result of the growth," said
Chemetics International senior
sales engineer Dennis Leong. "We
have sold a lot of technology to
"China is the fastest growing
economy and in need of products
which Canadian companies can
offer. They're lacking a lat of the
products and technology Canadians
have," Leong said.
Richmond-based MacDonald
Dettwiler, specializing in computer
systems, found itself a China handle
on the globally expanding
telecommunications sector.
Vice-president Bernie Clark
said, "We have just finished an
upgrade for a ground receiving
station for an earth observation
satellite. And we are just finishing
to deliver an airborn radar
monitoring system that allows them
to monitor the floods."
"We provide the technology
& training so the Chinese can
acquire the data themselves."
"It might mean we're going to
be engaged for three days to find
somebody. We report what we
see...if they're with a Chinese girl
at a takeout..if they're at a bar. If
we lose somebody, wedo not notch
up the fees."
Parents pay a minimum of
$350 a month for the service
depending on the level of
survaillance they request
Although university registrars
generally do not reveal student
schedules, Allan said there are
"legal" ways to acquire such
"Some of the most interesting
things in the world can be found in
the simplest places. You've got to
think, that's up to the individual
and how creative he is. The only
guidelines are that we don't break
the law."
And the law is very flexible on
privacy invasions.
"We do have a privacy act
designed to protect privacy," said
UBC law professor Philip Bryden.
"Privacy act does not result in many
successful claims....A private
investigator could doafairbitwithout
violating provisions of the Privacy
Hong Kong visa students were
taken aback when told of the service,
calling it a betrayal of trust
"If children found out their
parents found someone to investigate
their life then it would ruin their
relationship," said 4th year UBC
commerce studentShirley Chan. "In
the long-term it's not a good thing."
"I don't like this because I think
parents should trust their children,"
Chan said.
In the race, McWhinney was a
distant second in the first two ballots,
barely in striking distance in the
third ballot He would need more
than a majority of the voters from
the third place candidate. He had it
and won by a mere 28 votes.
To clarify The Sun story,
McWhinney, after his victory,
published a letter stating that he was
not upset at masses of ethnic voters
but rather over a rule allowing out-
of-riding voters.
fact McWhinney himself was an
out-of-riding voter in addition to
working out-of-riding as an SFU
Politics is dirty and politicians
often use the media for self-
marketing. Could two days be
enough time for voters to be
influenced by a city's paper of
record? You be the judge.
But also ask how a seasoned
political reporter who should by now
doubt all politicians miss a key
question? Was it a case of anything
for a story angle?
Two stories, two wrongs. When
can you tell it is right? Vol. 76, No.26
Tuesday, January 18,1994
College grads flocking to HK for work
P| AO worked a week
as a client liaison
officer for a marketing
company, but later found
even better work. Those
unfamiliar with local work
standards or salary bargaining
are advised to apply to a
foreign firm to reduce risk of
exploitation. Today Pao says
she is "very satisfied" working
as a promotions officer for the
Swire Group, an established
British trading house, whose
operations include Cathay
Pacific Airways.
"Here in Hong Kong they
really respect education," said
Pao. "It gets my foot in the
door and gets me advantageous work experience."
This "respect" is also
translated into salary. College
grads with no experience on
average start in a career
related job at minimum $1600
a month. There is also an
unwritten wage policy giving
employees a month's bonus at
the year's end. and another
month's bonus for a good
performance. Masters graduates start at a minimum $3500
a month and Phd students start
at $5000 a month. A full
professor can earn a six digit
salary and receive free
housing benefits. The rates
embrace almost every
profession requiring a
university degree.
'To have a Phd graduate
working in a restaurant like in
Canada would be a disgrace,"
said City Polytechic statistics
Professor C.S. Wong, who is
on sabbatical from Canada.
"Here they respect people
with degrees. The government
has put a lot of money put into
Unlike in Canada,
however, the Hong Kong
government has a surplus of
revenue from land leases,
alcohol and tobacco taxes and
lucrative Royal Hong Kong
Jockey Club royalties from
horse races. Income tax is a
negligible source of revenue
and has little impact on
government purses. People in
Hong Kong actually love their
tax system: Everyone's salary
from the rich to the poor is
taxed at a flat rate of only
15%. Income earned abroad is
also tax deductible. And there
are no such tax creatures as
the GST or the PST to drain
Christina Pao, 22, a UBC
international relations grad,
found work in HK after only
a month's search
"To have a Phd
graduate working in
a restaurant like in
Canada would be a
John Parsons, 28, left Saskatchewan for HK for his career
in international trade law
consumer power. Interest in
Hong Kong because of China,
however, has driven up rent
and subseqently inflated prices
to the level of Canadian
prices. Gone are the days of
free spending in Hong Kong.
Residential rents run between
$12 to $25 a square foot per
month in a high density
apartment building and can be
an economic burden for those
earning less than $1500 a
month. And there are very few
accessible social safety nets
for the tiny minority unable to
work. Other trade-offs for
Canadians include a lack of
space, hot summer weather,
expensive recreation and long
work hours. But many young
Canadians view Hong Kong
as they would a stopover in
university: a necessity for
"There's quite a few
young Canadians here. I think
Canadians have to leave the
country to find work," said
John Parsons, 28, of Dunder,
Saskatchewan. "There are
certainly more prospects in
Hong Kong than in Canada.
"I always plan to come
back to Canada in the long
term, but in the short term, I
plan to be in Hong Kong."
Parsons, who left Canada
last summer, has one degree in
anthropology and another in
law from the University of
Saskatchewan. Today he is
studying international trade
law at the University of Hong
Kong. When he graduates, he
is optimistic his consortium of
contacts will land him a
decent job in Asia.
But he said, "I will
always be a Canadian no
matter where I am in the
In fact in October,
Parsons kept a close watch on
Canadian politics by attending
a coast to coast satellite feed
of the federal elections at the
Mandarin Hotel in Hong
Kong. Only Canadians in
Hong Kong were privy to this
exposure. In a hotel lottery,
Parsons correctly guessed the
number of seats the Liberals
would win. He was also able
to vote earlier in the month
through the embassy. A straw
poll conducted on election day
in a cross section of 250
Canadians at the hotel
reflected a slightly different
political alignment than that
in Canada: 40 voted Liberal,
16 Reform, 16 Tory, 2 Bloc
Quebecois, 2 NDP and 2
Rhino. All were shocked at
the overwhelming Tory
Said Reeder "People here
still do not really grasp what
the Reform Party and the BQ
are all about."
As their home country's
economy and political unity
falls apart, Canadians in Hong
Kong remain content.
While the West is
cocooned in a quality of life
philosophy of work less for
more pay, the East has a
vision of work more, get rich
and retire in the West. The
average employee here will
work six days a week.
Within four years a salary
is expected to double. Annual
pay raises of 50% found in
Hong Kong are unfathomable
in Canada. But the steep pay
increments give employees
incentive to help a firm grow
which translates into overall
economic growth.
The cross-Pacific job hunt
trend is expected to last well
into the next century. Even if
Canada's economy will grow
faster than its current snail's
pace, the shadow from the
East is expected to grow much
larger. Economies in Canada
and the U.S. may have already
reached their peaks:  there is
little talk of future potential
only of recovery of the past
But in nations like China,
South Korea, Taiwan,
Singapore, Vietnam, Japan
and Thailand talk is of endless
economic growth.
In the meantime, Canada
has little hope in sight for the
near future as heavy taxation
is killing economic growth on
two fronts: consumption and
production. With less productivity, free trade has sunk the
nation deeper into the shadow
of the U.S. The catch is,
however, that the government
must increase taxation to
support social benefits for the
impoverished and those
affected by economically
related social ills. And the
unemployed will continue to
grow as the manufacturing
sector shrinks, the service
sector downsizes, the unions
grow increasingly unhappy
and more university students
These factors have
formed the machinery that
constantly gnaws away at
Canada's fragile economy.
With what remains, the
government may be attempting to restart an economy with
a dead battery.
But it appears Prime
Minister Jean Chretien plans
to jumpstart the economy via
global trading and foreign
investment in Asia's high
energy economies. He has
added a new Asia-Pacific
regional ministry in his second
tier cabinet Former Hong
Kong resident Raymond
Chan, Liberal MP for Richmond, B.C., has been selected
as its secretary of state.
And already a host of
Canadian officials has stopped
by last fall to woo Hong Kong
interest in Canada. They
include: UBC President David
Strangway who spoke to the
UBC alumini association in
Hong Kong, Alberta Premier
Ralph Klein, and B.C. Premier
Mike Harcourt Metro
Toronto—with the assistance
of the University of Toronto
alumni association in Hong
Kong—even had an exhibition
to put it on the map in Hong
Paid Participants Required
Volunteers who do not have genital herpes but who:
• have a partner with genital herpes or
• have had 4 or more different sexual partners in the last 12 months or
• have had sexually transmitted disease in the last year
... are required for testing of a potential new injectable vaccine for
genital herpes
All volunteers will receive either the potential new vaccine, or a
placebo vaccine, containing no active drug. Participants must be at least
18 years of age. Females must be using a form of birth control.
A generous honorarium will be offered to those completing the trial
For more information please call the UBC Herpes clinic at
Sessions on NOW
Call 228-1544
Renert Seminars Inc.
Participants who have had chronic hepatitis B viral
infection for greater than 6 months are required for a
study of a potential new oral treatment. Participants will
receive either active treatment or a look-a-like placebo
containing no active drug. All participants will be
required to have had a liver biopsy within 12 months
prior to starting the study medication.
For more information about this study
please contact the UBC Infectious
Disease Clinic at 822-7565. 8 Tuesday, January 18,1994
Vfol. 76, No.26
.   0F FLYING       ■
12:30 pm • SUB Party Room
with BILL WAITERS manager YES Canada
and Evelyn Buriak manager UBC Student Placement Services
Don't forget to register for the JobsLinel 11:30-1:00 M-F
Complete Com,
Math-Go Option $88
fputer Systems
Least for $53.90/mth -
Local Bus SVGA $48
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' VL-BUS Models Incl. VL-BUS Controller & I/O • Parallel/2 Serial Ports • 101 Key Enhanced Keyboard • MS-DOS 6 2
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198 INT
. I 436SX-33MHI CPU • VESA local bus . 4MS RAM
IiHiSrVA^SSr •120MBha'dd"« -1«»B floppy drive • SVGA Monitor, 0.3MpN
MULTIMEDIA SYSTEM • Double spMd CD ROM drive . Sound Blaster compatible card
$ «f QO *% * ExtafTlrt ■PMtl«r» • MS DOS 6.2. Windows 3.1 • Commodore mouse
■ W ^ W * CD titles: MS Worts, DinosaurrSpace. 50 Windows Games (1299 retail)
  • 3 yr. Warranty, 1 Veer On-site
CLR 433
• Intel 4MDX-33MHI CPU - VESA local bus ■ 4MB RAM
• 8k level-1 cache • 128k level-2 cache . 245MB hard drive
• 1 44MB floppy drive • SVGA Monitor, 0.28dp • 1MB VESA video card
■ Three VESA slots • Microsoft Works • MS DOS 6.2. Windows 3 1
« Commodore mouse • 3 yr Warranty, 1 Veer On-site
CLR 466
- Intel 4S6DX2/66MHZ CPU ■ VESA local bus • 4MB RAM
• 8k level-1 cache - 128k level-2 cache • 245MB hard drive
• t.44MB floppy drive • SVGA Monitor, 0.2Sdp • 1MB VESA video card
• Three VESA slot* • Microsoft Works • MS DOS 6.2, Windows 3.1
e mouse - 3 yr. Warranty, 1 Year On-site
• Soundblaster 16 BIT
• Double Speed CD Rom Drive
• HO Stereo Speakers
•Stereo Amp/Mixer
• Midi & Joystick Interface
• Free CDs Include: Encyclopedia,
Aldus Photostyler SE,
Sandiego 200 presents Animals.
Carmen Sandiego, Grandma & Me
Sound Card     $eq
Soundblaster 2.0 Compatible       ^^
HQ External Speakers
Excellent tor portable CD       $ *f| £±
Players & Soundcards ■ ^■V
250MB Tape Backup
CONNER (Free Tape) s248
3.5" HD Disks    COtt
PCI System
• Intel PCI Motherboard • 8MB RAM
' 340MB Quantum Hard Drive (12ms)
Intel PCI S3 SVGA Accelerator Card
14" SVGA Non-interlaced Monitor .28
• On-Board Drive S I/O Controller
10746 King George Hwy.
Surrey, B.C. V3T 2X7
FAX 584-8383
2162 Western Parkway,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1V6
FAX 228-8338
•6-1551 Sutherland Ave.
Kelowna, B.C. V1Y9M9
FAX 862-8083
JCelowria£lue,.-Fri. 9:30 to 5:30 / Sat 10:00 to 4:00 / Closed Sunday I Monday    Vancouver / Surrey: Mon.-Fri. 9:30 to 5:30 / Sat. 10.00 to 4:00 / Closed Sunday
Pow editor Chung Wong (I) in Malaysia checks up on
photographer David Loh (r) who is shooting for a Pulitzer
Prize by 1996. The UBC biology grad is currently under
consideration for a Reuters fellowship and was a World
Press contestant in 1993. He started as a photojournalist
in 1989 for The Ubyssey.
A city exploding with news
FROM PAGE 11 *——^—
hired to buttress the paper's financial reporting. The SCMP business
section has been overshadowed
by the popularity of its foreign
news. The Express intends to give
the SCMP business section a run
for its money.
Skeptics still say Vines's limited editing experience may derail
The Express, while supporters
claim the outspoken British reporter will steer TheExpress on the
right track with higher writing
standards. To his favour, Vines
has enlisted the help of Jon Marsh,
the Assistant Editor of the SCMP,
now his Managing Editor.
Marsh argues that unlike The
Standard which has fallen on hard
times The Express has the financial resources to launch a strategic
attack into the English reading
"I think the SCMP is vulnerable because it hasn't really had
any competition," Marsh said.
"They (the Oriental group) are in
the business of putting out newspapers very successfully."
Marsh said The Express wants
to balance non-Chinese expatriates, who are dominant at the
SCMP newsroom, with local Chinese-speaking reporters. But the
task may prove difficult
"As you know all the journal
ism schools in the States have been
full ever since Watergate," said
Marsh, a former correspondent in
New York. "It's not the case here.
There's not a huge pool of people
to chose from. Ideally you have to
be bilingual and you have to write
"What happens is those people
get a phone call from a public
relations firm. And they say, why
don't you come work for us. We'll
double your salary and give you a
nice office. And that is how you
get rich."
"But I'm very confident we're
attracting very good Chinese reporters.
Among them is Carol Hui, 25, of
Richmond. Hui, a UBC sociology
grad, worked for The Ubyssey in
1989 as a reporter. After her
graduation in 1991, she went on to
work for The Japan Times as a copy
editor and reporter and earned more
than US $40,000 and bonuses. Hui
is fluent in Japanese and has a fair
fluency in Cantonese. She was hired
to work for The Express weekend
magazine only a day after applying.
"The thing that really attracts
people here is the money," she
£4     ROMANO'S
We are hiring 100 energetic people
for our high volume, authentic Italian
restaurant. We are hiring servers,
hosts, cooks and even Opera Singers!
Owned and operated by The Spectra Group of
Great Restaurants Inc., Romano's Macaroni Grill
will provide career opportunities in restaurant
management as we open new locations.
Friday, January 21, 1994
at the Student Placement Office
from 11.00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Vbl. 76, No.26
Tuesday, January 18,1994
Like many B.C. publishers UBC Press prints in Manitoba to save costs LISA kwan photo
FROM BACK PAGE ^^hh^hmmhi^^ihmmbibmhib^hhim
selling college books.
"The college text market is
highly profitable and extremely
competitive to the point of being
cut-throat" said Smith.
Ironically, the sale of used
books has increased the cost of
new texts.
"The students buy a used $80
book for $25 and indirectly shrink
the market," said Smith. "It's sort
of a catch-22. By buying used
books at a lower price, the cost of
producing the new books goes up."
Publishers circumvent used
book competition to a degree by
updating textbooks every three
years with new research.
There is a lot of money in the
college market because, unlike
fiction, or any title in the trade
market college texts are easier to
distribute to the target readers.
"The college text market can
be determined prior to it being
printed. For example, there can be
an  assertion  of how  many
professors will be using it as a text"
he said.
Since the college text is very
market oriented, textbookpublishers
vie for any advantage that would
make their products more attractive
to professors. Avarietyoftext "backups" or aids that are suppose to
improve the teaching of the class
usually accompany the textpackage.
Aids may include audio-visual
material, transparencies, and even
laser disks. The text book itself may
also contain better graphs, full-
colour photographs, and up-to-date
research material.
"These bellsandwhistles tend
to increase the cost of the text," said
Smith. "But all of this is done to give
the best aid to the student The text
and its back-ups are designed to
enlighten the students with the best
research and teaching materials
The tricks of the trade are perhaps
best learned by first starting with a
small publishing house to get an
As a publishing coordinator
for Opus Productions Wendy
Darling works with the manuscript
as a liasion between the author and
the editor through the editorial
process until printing. And she will
also coordinate the sources for
photographs and archival material.
Because she works in a small
publishing firm she will also do
some follow up research into the
sales and marketting of books after
production. Opus publishes coffee
table books and contractsadesigner
for its covers.
"People who approach us for
work are usually very well
researched, zeroing in on our
specialty and needs," Darling said.
Darling has a film production
degree which gave her the
experience in coordinating
schedules and solving problems.
"It is essential to be well-informed,
well-read and be able to work on a
lot of things at once."
Wednesday, January 19th, 11:30 am - 6:30 pm
Thursday & Friday, January 20th-2\st, 11:30 am - 4:00 pm
Well-known Illustrator and artist, Genetta 3adkerhanlan, will be our
quest In our newly renovated Arts & Graphics Department In the UDC
Bookstore. She will demonstrate the Chartpak AD marker using a
variety of techniques and mediums. She will also be available to
answer questions.
Ms. Badkerhanian is an accomplished Illustrator and Artist who specializes in architectural renderings. She firmly believes in Chartpak
markers for their versatility and
quality results.
Come to this event and enter our
FREE DRAW to win a Chartpak
Marker Studio Set, valued
over $300.00.
(604) 8 2 2-2665 FAX (604) 822-8592
Artwork by Genetta Badkerhar\iar\
William G. Black
Memorial Prize
William G. Black Memorial Prize - a prize in the
amount of approximately $1,600 has been made
available by the late Dr. William G. Black. The topic
for the essay will be designed to attract students from all
disciplines. The competition is open to students who are
enrolled in undergraduate or professional programs and who
do not already possess a graduate degree. A single topic of
general nature related to Canadian citizenship will be presented
to students at the time of the time of the competition. Duration
of the competion will be two hours. Candidates should bring
their student card for identification.
The competition will be held:
DATE: Saturday, January 29,1994
TIME: 10:00 a.m. -12 noon
PLACE: Angus 110
• Classical Europe
21 days from $919
• Europe & Greek Island Sailing
34 days from $1429
• Spain, Portugal & Morocco
36 days from $1475
Kecetoe 20% OFF
If Booked & paid in full by. Jan. 31
See TRAVEL CUTS for full details:
** We ore on the UBC Campus**
Lower Level, Student Union Building 822-6890
W we i
e are searching for a good...
($12,000/year Honoraria)
Director of Administration
($10,000/year Honoraria)
Director of Student Affairs
($8,000/year Honoraria)
Director of Services
($8,000/year Honoraria)
Are you
until I
you a registered graduate student on campus
March of 1995? Can you afford between six
ten hours a week to servethe graduate student
body in this run capacity? Then you should run for the
Executive of the Graduate Student Society of UBC.
f"lH~Ar>TTA.TF       Nomination forms are available January 10th. Close
student society  of Nominations is February 4 - 3t00pm SHARP in the
Graduate Student Centre. Call 822-3203 for more information.
Voting will take place by mail-in ballot found in the February issue of the
Graduate newspaper or, in person at the Grad Centre Polling Station February
24th and 25th from 9:00 am-3:00 pm. Mail-in ballots must be received no bier
than February 28th. The February issue will feature a short statement from each
candidate. All Candidates Meeting to take place February 4th at 3:15 pm at the
Graduate Student Society. 10       Tuesday, January 18,1994
Vfol. 76, No. 26
Effie Pow
Managing 'Editor
Michelle Wong
Steve Chow
Brenda Wong
Thoto 'Editors
Lisa Kwan
Jemi Choi
tyios 'Editors
Doug Ferris, Niva Chow
Sara Martin, Graham Cook
Chung Wong
Karen Young
Toronto (Bureau
Sharon Lindores
USA. correspondent
Raul Peschiera
Cover Thoto 'Editors
Rosa Tseng
Cheryl Niamath
Karen Go, Ellen Yeung
Bianca Zee, Charles Nho, Julie Lee
David Buchanan, George King,
Tessa Moon, Kim Cheng
Cathy Lu, Steve Chan
Peter Kao, Katsura Yokojima
Lyanne Evans
A Uhyttty S^ptcM Edntsn^
Tib (MM) 132-2301    Njb (MM) C22-9279
The Vancouver Sun's
Chinese trouble
THE Vancouver Sun seems to have a knack for
stirring up trouble with the Chinese, a history which
traces back to the turn of the century. Take the latest case.
An erroneous Sun story grabbed national headlines to
begin the new year just as its relations with the Chinese eased
after Elizabeth Aird's controversial October column on
"monster houses" (Aird attributed a "monster problem" to the
Chinese but failed to interview Chinese representatives).
Now we have a happy moment that The Sun turned into
mass confusion and conflict
A Chinese child was bom.
Tin Wing Chung was the first baby born this year in the
Lower Mainland. Traditionally such a child is endowed by the
hospital with gifts. Then...
A Sun reporter, nameless to the public (there was no byline), questioned the origins of the mother—who was from
Hong Kong. Somehow the reporter later deduced or strongly
implied that the mother came to Canada to give birth so the
baby would gain citizenship. The birth became a Sun platform
for an issue: Asians were singled out as a strong source for
"passport babies." Similar issues, however, had not been
raised with European and American passport babies of which
there are plenty.
All of a sudden the hospital and public question why a
non-local, a foreigner, was being granted the gifts. The Globe
and Mail reported the gifts were subsequently granted to the
second baby bom, a result triggered by the Sun story.
It turns out the Sun story was false.
In fact, as reporters from the local Chinese press covered
correctly, the father Kit Leung Chung is a permanent resident
living in Burnaby. The baby was clearly not a possible vehicle
for Canadian citizenship as The Sun first reported.
In a follow up, another nameless Sun journalist reported
the father's business trip to Hong Kong somehow augmented
the confusion (The baby was bom nine days earlier than the
expected January 10). How so? It was not reported.
The father returned soon after the birth. But even then The
Sun remained confused. In their photo caption on January 7,
they think the wife is the husband, and the husband, the wife.
Go figure.
At the least, there is a blatant lack of professionalism. A
reporter for The Globe and Mail, The New York Times, or any
other quality paper would be fired for such a grand misfire:
Facts need to be checked as do sources especially if serious
allegations arise. The fact the reporters go nameless in print
amplifies the lack of accountability.
Imagine if these reporters were foreign correspondents
making assumptions of this degree. It would be a degradation
to our profession.
Whoever bungled this story simply was not equipped to
do the job; other reporters covered the facts correctly. The fact
The Sun remains unapologetic further discredits their
credibility, something their readers do not deserve from the
city's paper of record. Is The Sun acting in the interest of the
public—or its own intregrity?
So this is it?
S how The Vancouver Sun has depicted today's
Asians in several major stories of the past months:
Chinese monster houses a monster problem (October).
Dark skinned youthsattackMichael Archer (November).
Immigrants from Asia setting up fraudulent companies
Asians give birth in Canada for citizenship privileges
The composite sketch of Asians in Canada is that they
are schemers and scammers, neighborhood plagues or
gangsters—a similar Yellow Peril orientation to that which
prevailed at the turn of the century.
We urge The Sun to look at other quality newspaper models
for coverage of Asians so it may break out of an attitudinal
time capsule. For The Sun, race seems to be emphasized in
crimes only when Asians are involved. But really, a picture or
name will do for identification, just as in crimes involving
Caucasians. Even the South China Morning Post, a paper still
heavily criticized for a colonial mentality, does not identify
race in crimes. It also covers the Chinese in a broader
journalistic scope.
We urge The Sun to cover Greater Vancouver's quarter
million Asians as it would other Canadians. Canadians are not
only criminals, fraudulent investors and monster house
builders. That would only be a narrow focus of journalistic
significance. Imagine only reading about the perilous effects
of Canadians. How would you feel as a Canadian?
The Road Not Taken: At the Pacific crossroad
THE path is clear.
We need to look no further than our own
newsroom where we have lost much of our staff and
expect to lose more. Recent Vancouver university
graduates who aim for successful careers are leaving town.
It's no joke.
Our Managing Editor is soon departing for Hong
Kong. Our Editor is headed for Malaysia. For good, we
hope not for the sake of Pow. But reality indicates they
will stay in Asia.
Our bilingual Beijing correspondent, almost finished
a Phd in chemistry, will soon face a crossroad: He can
work barely double minimum wage in Vancouver in a blue
collar job or earn $5000 a month overseas. The figure does
not even account for his perfect English and Mandarin
which are treasured assets in Asia. How do we keep him in
the city?
There is almost no contest
Our homegrown staff is finding that home is no
longer where the cash is. Those who stay panhandle for a
glimpse of a career opportunity. Those who leave control
their destiny and take charge.
Since it was founded in 1992, Pow has been a
lucrative career launching pad and has attracted a strong
pool of talent Here's what happened to our founding staff:
One is in law school in Halifax. One is studying writing
with a Pulitzer Prize winner in Louisiana. Several are in
journalism schools despite tight admission at Regina,
Montana, BCIT and Ryerson. One is a World Press Photo
Those who stay panhandle for
a glimpse of a career
contestant in Malaysia while others are being paid
handsome salaries in Hong Kong.
While we are happy for their accomplishments, we are
sad their talents could not be fed at home. Those who
stayed have jobs that pay above average. But let us take
note: One is working for London Drugs. One is working at
the Hyatt. One is a clerk at a bookstore. One is a clerk at a
photo shop. One is working at a library. One is a news
correspondent but for a Hong Kong paper.
The best ability one learns at home is how to
gracefully endure underachievement in the present
economy. We no longer ask what our country may do for
us. And we no longer ask what we may do for our country.
We simply survive.
But for how long may we continue this existence in
the minor leagues while our colleagues excel in the majors
Our university degrees carry no degree of separation
here from those without One UBC masters graduate under
the burden of a heavy student loan recently quipped, "I
wonder if I can go to UBC and return my degrees for a
refund?" And he has a good job.
Even a human resource czar cannot cultivate a strong
team of talent in an arid environment Notwithstanding,
Pow remains a special entity to its staff. It is a chance to
develop and exhibit abilities, a chance for applied
education, a chance to fully use a university background.
It's one of the only chances. And it is free.
This year Pow will take some strong measures for its
staff. Wealth can either be a function of cash or
information. And at the least, we will feverishly build up
our information wealth.
To keep our staff in high gear, we have budgeted for a
lecture series conducted by selected sources of inspiration
and expertise who will act as mentors, guiding forces. We
will experiment with new technology. Our front cover in
this edition has a computer generated image, a medium that
has become hot at the prestigious Brooks Institute of
Photography in Santa Barbara. Our photographers will have
a photo issue to exhibit a gallery of their creativity.
Our stories will increasingly connect to the Pacific
Rim and job links. A newspaper succeeds only if it is
practical to the readers. And we intend to orientate Pow
thus so.
With education and job offers shouting from out of
town, our supply of human resources is diminishing along
with our ability to satiate demands for expansion.
But we will continue to serve our growing readership
with top-notch information and scout for potential talent Vbl. 76, No.26
Tuesday, January 18,1994      11
Hong Kong: A city exploding with news
HONG KONG—The fast
-est English newspaper
launch in modern history is poised
to wage a newspaper war against
the world's most profitable daily.
The expected launch this week
of The Eastern Express adds yet
another daily paper to Hong Kong's
buoyant newspaper market where
a city of six million readers consume more than 40 dailies. The
Express will be the third English
The Express, set to launch this
week, has taken key staff away
from its crosstown competitor The
South China Morning Post by
wooing them with "attractive
salaries." The SCMP recorded
more than $83 million in profits
after taxes last year—higher than
any other paper in the world. The
Oriental Daily News group whose
flagship paper has the largest circulation in Hong Kong at 600,000
is financing The Express. The
group has a cashflow of about
$800 million. The Express is
marketing itself as an "independent minded" newspaper that will
be filled with quality analysis much
titeThe Globe andMail. European
newspaper designer David
Hillman, whose works include The
Manchester Guardian, was commissioned todraw the paper's face.
The concept has adversely affected SCMP stock. The Oriental
group is hedgingon potential reader
The Eastern Express adds yet another daily paper to
Hong Kong's buoyant newspaper market where a city
of six million readers consume more than 40 dailies.
mistrust bred from an allegation
that the SCMP will become a pro-
Beijing paper especially since
media tycoonRupertMurdoch sold
it in September to Malaysian billionaire Robert Kuok, a consultant
to China. In response, Kuok has
publicly vowed no editorial interference. But that promise has not
washed with several key SCMP
staff who defected to The Express.
"We are simply overwhelmed
with applications," said Express
Editor-in-Chief Steve Vines.
"We want to establish an independent-minded paper which in
current circumstances is required
by the people of Hong Kong," said
Vines in reference to China's 1997
takeover of China.
"There is tremendous interest
in news here. There is a strong
interest in politics and a strong
interest in business."
Vines, a well-known correspondent in Hong Kong for the
Manchester Guardian and finance
editor for the London Observer,
was handpicked in October by the
Oriental Daily News to spearhead
the Express launch.
Within four weeks, Vines hired
70 editorial staff, personally interviewing at least a half a dozen
people a day. He is hoping to hire
at least 100 people, with priority
given to journalists experienced
geographically, culturally and politically with Hong Kong.
The paper is offering up to
double local market wages, say
SCMP sources. That means a reporter with a few years experience
could be earning up to $5000 a
month. The reporter would also be
UBC grad Carol Hui
receiving at least a month's salary
bonus at the end of the year. In
total, this reporter could make
nearly $67,000 with a flat income
tax rate of 15%. By comparison a
senior reporter at The Vancouver
Sun makes about $56,000 with
double the income tax. Part of the
wage differential will compensate
for expensive rent which can run
between $12-25 per square foot a
month for a shared apartment.
The Express is targetting
middle-class Chinese readers who
prefer to read in English, the same
base readershipoftheSCM' which
has a circulation of about 190,000.
The print industry here has yet
to be threatened by television as
most people spend their evenings
away from their high density
apartment buildings. The average
reader sleeps before 11 p.m. and
stays out for dinner. In addition,
they are keen on details regarding
politics and business.
At present Hong Kong has at
least 35,000 Canadians (mostly
Chinese) and a total of 135,000
non-Chinese people from the West.
Rupert Murdoch successfully
turned the SCMP into a moneymaker by building a strong
classifieds section. On any given
Saturday, the SCMP has an nearly
100 pages of classified job listings.
Theclassifieds peaked last year at
186 pages. To put it in perspective,
that is about double the size of the
whole Weekend Sun.
"The Oriental Daily News
group has been thinking about this
for along time," said Vines. "They
know what they are doing. Robert
Kuok's acquisition just put their
decision to the drawing board."
In 1992, The Oriental Daily
News group launched two Chinese
publications each of which made
profits before their fiscal year was
over. The Express is their first
English newspaperever. Only $3.3
million for capital expenses was
spent on The Express as many key
expenses were avoided with The
Oriental's current infrastructure
already in place—in particular, its
press, distribution networks, headquarters and marketting teams. The
Express editorial room will take
up a whole floor of its nine-story
building in Kowloon.
A senior editor at the SCMP
says The Express will more than
likely drive Hong Kong's number
three daily, The Hong Kong Standard, off the market But he said it
was too early to predict the fate of
the SCMP which commands 70%
of the English reading market. He
said Steve Vines is a "very capable
person" but it may be difficult to
"lure away loyal SCMP readers."
The SCMP recently celebrated its
90th Anniversary as Asia's leading English paper.
"I'd say at this point it has a 50-
50 chance of succeeding," the
source said. He did not want to be
named in fear of jeapordizing future job offers or advancement
However, The Express has increased the odds by ciphoning more
staff from established news groups.
Reputable staff from the Far
Eastern Economic Review  were
H.W „v/«-H^ as vvj, £<* jtf-'HXjC* ^H.W? .Af*'H^ -v3
Executive Elections '94
Referenda '94
Notice of Polling stations
ROZARIO, Antonia
NORMAN, Chris "Big
Tarkus Boy"
WATTS, Roger "Otter"
Coordinator of
External Affairs
CHO, Charlie "Chuck"
HANAN, Sunshine
LEE, Sophia
NEW-SMALL, Alannah
WATTS, David
BOYLE, Janice
McNEILL, Laurie "Psycho-Lego
McCUAIG, Ryan "D-Day"
KIM, Rhea
Director of
LUM, Patrick "Moonshine"
Director of
AGNEW, Carey
LO, Tim
COLEMAN, Steve "Kramer"
Question #1
World University Services of Canada
(WUSC) is a non-profit organization which
annually sponsors two refugees to study at
the University for one academic year.
Currently, the Alma Mater Society levies a
fee in the amount of $0.50. Inflation has
eroded the value of this fee so that WUSC
can no longer support two students to study
at UBC.
I support an increase of $l .00 to the $0.50
fee currently levied for the World University
Services of Canada for a total fee of $1.50
per AMS student per annum.
Question #2
The UBC Public Interest Research Group
Society (UBC PIRG) will bring together students to organize around issues of public
interest: namely social justice and environmental issues. The UBC PIRG will be governed by a Board of Directors elected from
the student body.
I support a $2.00 annual fee to fund the
UBC Public Interest Research Group Society.
Note: This fee will be refunded upon request
for students not wishing to be members.
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday 9:30 am - 3:30 pm
Friday 9:30 am - 3:30 pm
Student Union Building Woodward
Sedgewick Library
Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday 9:30 am - 3:30 pm
'Angus (Commerce) Law
"Buchanan (Arts) 'Scarfe (Education)
'Civil Mech. Engineering (Applied Science)
'Chemistry (Science) MacMillan
Computer Science War Memorial Gym
* Voting for Senate for indicated faculty.
Monday, Wednesday  4:00 pm - 9:00 pm
Acadia, Fairview Gage
Totem Vanier
Tuesday, Wednesday  9:30 am - 3:30 pm
Regent College
ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD • JANUARY 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 1994 12       Tuesday, January 18,1994
Vol. 76, No. 26
into the
book trade
a new author generally gets
royalties of about 10 per cent...the
bookstore gets at least a quarter of
the revenue if not half
THERE are so many better things to do
than to sit down and write—you could
be under the stars, strolling Spanish Banks,
making love, dancing the night into morning.
There are too many better things than being
alone for hours while you sit and tool out a line
or paragraph until it sounds just right.
In Vancouver, the world of publishing houses is cloaked
in mystery. Somehow, someway, the manuscripts of local
writers get accepted.
Then books are made. They're distributed and sold but
readers seldom give a thought to where, how and why they
came to be. Perhaps the only people who wonder about this
obscure world are those hoping to get a foothold in a less
conventional career.
In Canada, the center of publishing houses is Toronto,
and in the United States, it is New York. Though Vancouver
is off the beaten publishing path, it is still a city home to
publishers and representatives of some major houses. But
breaking into this world is not easy.
The Lower Mainland hosts about 16 publishing houses
involved in different kinds of publishing. The acceptance of
a writer's manuscript is often a function of the author's
authority on a subject and previous reputation in writing.
To break into the industry wanna-be writers must have
previous publications and an agent They are recommended to
freelance for magazines, newspapers or other publications to
build up a beginners portfolio. Only then would an agent
accept a client An agent then submits an author's profile and
book concept to a publisher.
"There are submissions that are classified as 'coming
over the transom,' or unsolicited, but very few of these are
published," said MargaretReynolds,directorof the Publishers
Assoc, of B.C.
A "transom" is a small window above a door.
A contract can be signed within a day if the book fills a
hole in the market or when it hits upon a new prospect
Rejects are not immediately sent back; all manuscripts
are sent to junior editors who weed out a majority of the
manuscripts. If approved a manuscript is sent toasenior editor
or selected reviewer to evaluate if it has new and interesting
ideas. Then it goes to the editorial board which looks at how
many copies it can sell. The editorial board also oversees book
cover designs and chooses the book's market
After a submission is fully approved, Reynolds said a
new author generally gets royalties of about 10 per cent of the
retail price for every copy sold. Established authors get
slightly more than double that amount The bookstore gets at
least a quarter of the revenue if not half. And the remainder
pays for book reviews by selected experts whose comments
may later appear on the cover, production, printing expenses
and shipping.
"There's not really a huge market for first-time fiction
writers or first-rime poets. Though you might sell more if you
are a fiction writer, you'd be lucky indeed to sell 1000 copies
>,-:?      4&e Ijiff-UfeNCE of Books.
■ ;   ■' ■-'■   '%'M
f motheli ^an Iyer-estimate the infl
.rjjrAnion&jl^ or, books exerts in yc
Mlf iH   mi
diiiAhe -welfere  of h<
s„ important _
_f^fcouI$: eelec
u%&d instrifc, an<
ly years, befl
rafeious teach ih£p
|:!*The. jpison J
M/ that jfcheir
le iafluence o|
~1ffK>wer to i
s of her <
s sh
\ll    r ■
>ks i
\ fual iastrieti
ly co
m well m for.:j&&& b
Ld wbolesojiill
in two years."
With so few copies printed, and the market response
uncertain, fiction and poetry are often money-losing ventures.
But Reynolds said publishers have a mandate to continue
publishing fiction and poetry to keep them available to the
public. However, it appears fiction is getting a little more
difficult to be published.
"The college text market is
highly profitable and extremely
competitive to the point of
being cut-throat.w
"Because of the economic times there is a general feeling
of conservatism in the publishing houses. Publishers think
twice before publishing something that will lose money."
To save costs, most books published in B.C. are printed
in Manitoba, she said. And publishing houses are enduring
tougher times with smaller staff.
"They run on very low staff levels because they don't
have any money," Reynolds said. "There's not a lot of
positions out there.
"Salaries enter at around $20,000 and after some
experience go as high as $40,000. Unless you are really
committed, you won't want to work hard and not get paid
much for it"
Free-lance college text editor Richard Smith of Harper
Collins said how people get a job is "sort of off-the-wall."
"Jobs are not advertised," he said. "Ittakes luck, sometimes
who you know, hard work and persistence."
"But most importantly, you have to place yourself in the
right opportunities and turn up at the right time and place. You
really have to pound the pavement
"The least effective way is the standard cover letter and
the standard resume," he said.
At present Harper Collins is the world's largest English
language publisher. "We publish everything under the sun.
There can be 700 new titles every three months," Smith said.
Reynolds said the Banff Publishing Workshop or SFU
communication courses are good places to get a foot into the
business of publishing.
"It's a very complicated industry and it takes a while to
get a handle on it People in the industry like to see someone
demonstrate a real interest in the business."
Book publishing is separated into two markets: the trade
market and the college market All the fiction, cookbooks,
poetry, and any other books available in commercial stores
make up the trade market But the college market sticks to


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