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The Ubyssey Jan 11, 1994

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Array ubyssey
e environmental 1
tuesday 11 January 1994
volume 76, issue 24
Recycling costs more than trees
by Tanya Storr
The newspaper industry has
long been criticized by
environmentalists for its wasteful
consumption of wood pulp.
BC alone consumes 100,000
tonnes of newsprint a year, most
of which contains only 10 percent
recycled pulp. BC newspapers,
such as The Ubyssey, The
Vancouver Sun andThe Province,
all print on partially recycled
newsprint, but much of their paper
content is still made from virgin
fibre.
Both Pacific Press, home of
The Sun and The Province, and
College Printers, who print The
Ubyssey, have switched to using
partially recycled newsprint in
recent years. Newsprint used by
College Printers and Pacific Press
contains between 10-40 percent
recycled content, the majority
being only 10 percent recycled.
Although 100 percent recycled
newsprint is made and is in use in
the US, Canadian newsprint
manufacturers like MacMillan
Bloedel claim it is not economically
feasible to produce 100 percent
recycled newsprint in Canada.
John Norrington, manager of
MacMillan Bloedel's Canadian
newsprint sales, sells newsprint
to College Printers and Pacific
Press.
Norrington explained that
most of MacMillan Bloedel's
newsprint with a higher recycled
content is exported to California,
where newspapers are required to
have a 40 percent recycled fibre
content by law. BC lacks such laws,
which is why local presses receive
newsprint with a lower recycled
content.
Norrington did not explain
why the past profits of MacMillan
Bloedel were not put into research
and development of cheaper ways
to deliver more newsprint with a
higher recycled content.
Although local newspapers
contain a minimal amount of
recycled fibre, used newspaper
collection and recycling is a
growing industry in BC, and
recycled pulp is in great demand.
All the newspaper collected
in blue boxes in Vancouver is de-
inked at the Newstech plant in
New Westminster and sent to BC
mills to be recycled into fresh
newsprint. In addition, Pacific
Press and College Printers send
all their spoils and unsold papers
to Newstech to be recycled.
So if everyone is recycling,
why does 60-90 percent of the
newsprint in BC papers come from
non-recycled pulp?
According to Norrington, it is
a matter of economics. BC
consumes 100,000 tonnes of
newsprint per year, but exports
two million tonnes. Even if every
consumer in BC recycled their
newspapers, there would not be
enough recycled pulp available to
make 100 percent recycled
newsprint and still meet the large
export markets of companies like
MacMillan Bloedel.
"It's very hard for a mill in
Canada to make recycled paper.
There currently isn't enough waste
available to feed Newstech, so we'd
have to bring the waste paper in
from the states if we wanted to
produce pulp with a higher
recycled content. That would be
far too costly," Norrington said.
Duane Ball, assistant general
manager of College Printers,
agrees with Norrington. "We've
encouraged our suppliers,
MacMillan Bloedel and Fletcher
Challenge, to produce newsprint
with recycled content, but the cost
of going to 100 percent recycled
newsprint would be out of sight
because the consumer would be
paying the cost to upgrade the
mills," Ball said.
But economic analysis alone
is not stopping the massive
wasteage in the newsprint
industry, nor is it encouraging
companies like MacMillan Bloedel
to change their environmentally
unfriendly practices.
Suzuki slams UBC's pro-development mindset
by Ian Gunn
David Suzuki, television host,
author, scientist, and
environmentalist is UBC's best-
known and most widely recognised
professor, despite the fact he has
not lectured formally here for
years.
But his long absence has not
dulled his interest in or criticism
of the university.
He readily takes issue with
the current pro-development
mindset of university
administrators and planners.
"If you look at UBC over the
last 15 years you'll see that the
university has been a very
disruptive factor in terms of the
tremendous ecosystem there—the
endowment lands. There's been a
development frenzy on campus
that just doesn't make sense in
terms of our concern about the
disappearance of wilderness,
albeit second growth wilderness."
The university, Suzuki said,
is falling short of its expressed
concern for the environment. Were
it genuinely troubled, he
suggested, UBC would be a
styrofoam-free campus.
"We ought to be a model to the
rest of society because a university,
it seems to me, should be at the
cutting-edge of social change."
But at present, Suzuki said,
the campus is nowhere near that
edge—especially not if its attitude
towards traffic is anything to go
by.
UBC should be actively
discouraging the car, not busily
building new parking spaces, he
said.
"I take the bus to campus,
and it grieves me to watch the
tremendous line of cars going past
my bus stop, all with a single
person in them heading to the
university. We ought to be making
the university a car-hostile place,
and encouraging as much public
transit as possible to come out."
After all, he noted, even the
economics of such a move make
sense.
"We've got a captive audience
of 20 to 30 thousand students
coming out there every day.
That's a fairly large population,
were they made to take public
transit. It seems to me the
economics of that situation would
be rather good."
And it is economics, said
Suzuki—not just those of the
campus, but of the country as a
whole—that students should be
thinking about during UBC's
environment week.
There has yet to be, he
maintained, a serious look at the
degree to which Canada's current
economic paradigm is responsible
for the "destructive frenzy" that
is going on around us.
Our    political    leaders,
provincially, nationally and
globally claim to be hell-bent on
stimulating economic growth. Yet
the indisputable fact which they
all miss, he argues, "is that we
live in a finite world, and in a
finite world there are physical and
biological limits, no matter how
much business-people and
economists may dislike that
notion.
"In many areas I'm absolutely
convinved that we have exceeded
those limits. You only have to talk
to a Newfoundland fisherman to
know the folly of the kind of
economics we are now practising."
...more Suzuki-speak in the
centrespread 2   THE UBYSSEY
CLASSIFIEDS
TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
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Listen for grade access instructions when you
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PART Of AGGrE WHK '94 TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
SPECIAL ISSUE
THE UBYSSEY   3
Dissection decision makes animals and humans nappy
by Graham Cook
Animal welfare advocates are
pleased with the recent plans by
the first-year biology program to
scrap mandatory animal dissections
for students.
Jan Cook is a fifth year unclassified student preparing for
medical school and is also organizing a campus group for those interested in animal welfare. She is
happy about the overhaul to the
biology program, which is jointly
administered by the departments
of botany and zoology.
1 think [dissection] is unnecessary for lower level students.
Unless you're going to use the skills
in later life, like for surgery, it is
really not applicable," Cook said.
She took biology 101 this
summer and did dissections, which
she said amounted to "poking
around, making a mess of the animal and throwingit in the garbage.
I didnt feel it benefitted."
"They have already stopped
dissecting pregnant rats, because
they can learn as much from photos
of a dissection as the dissection
itself," she said.
While the decision to cut first
year program dissections makes
ethical sense to Cook, ethics were
not the motives behindthechanges.
According to Paul Harrison,
acting director of the first-year biology program, it was part of an
overall shift in priorities.
The changes that we are proposing and have been working on
for the last two years have nothing
to do with whether dissection a
useful tool," Harrison said.
"If s part of a total change in
direction of teaching in the lab....It
has been a couple of decades since
the last major change, and we
thought we could try a different
approach, looking at organisms in
their environment.
"It's not wholly an ecological
approach but instead it was to give
students a chance to see local habitats and how organisms in those
local habitats are organized," he
said.
The labs will now incorporate
small group trips into the field, as
well as class work, he said. When
these new labs were included in
the proposal there was simply no
time remaining for dissections, although Harrison said they remain
an important tool and will be offered
as an option.
Debra Probert of the
Vancouver humane society is
amongst those who think dissections should be done away with
entirely, and be replaced with
equally informative non-animal
methods. She pointed to documents
on dissection alternatives written
by people for the ethical treatment
of animals (PETA), which listed
videotapes, anatomical models,
books and computer programs as
alternatives to dissections.
Cook suggested some other
alternatives, like using animals
from SPCA or asking owners who
are "putting down" their pets at a
veterinarian's if they wish to donate the animals for science, in a
manner similar to the existing human organ donor program.
VVhichbthethreabenvironmentorjobs?
by Graham Cook
The BCTVadsin the Skytrain
stations claim to be "making it
make sense." They show RCMP
officers dragging away a Clayoquot
protestor.
Long-haired hippies trying to
destroy the forest industry? Angry
loggers defending their livelihoods?
The simple equation tv stations draw are that jobs and environmental preservation cannot
coexist—or if they carditis only by
finding some "balance" between
the apparently "radical" interests
of environmental groups and the
forest industry.
Concerned people on many
sides of the environmental debate
are unsatisfied with the "jobs versus environment" dichotomy—although they all have different notions about how jobs and the environment go hand-in-hand.
Some, like UBC forest policy
professor Peter Pearse, believe
environmental protection does
take away jobs—at first.
There's no question that in
the short term forest jobs do conflict with environmental preservation. In the longer term, however, maintainingahealthyforest
resouce is essential for a healthy
resource," Pearse said.
Joe Foy, the campaign coordinator of the Western Canada
Wilderness Committee (WC2)goes
further. He sees the debate framed
as jobs versus environment all the
time, and thinks that approach
helps the forest companies.
"Because our particular goal
is protecting wilderness and promoting a new land stewardship,
our opponents tend to be the large
multinational resources companies and if s in their interest to
frame it that way," Foy said.
Simon Crawley, a UBC forest
conservation student, does not see
imminent doom in current trends,
but admits that the jobs vs. environment view has skewed debate.
"Government and industry
have manipulated the environmentalists and loggers against
each other, and the best thing for
the two groups is to get past the
issues and look at what they're
really after," Crawley said.
The loggers want a secure
future, the environmentalists want
more say, and to wildlife and
biodiversity values maintained. I
don't think there are any environmentalists who want to shut the
forest industry down," he said.
"Fm sure the biggest downside from the industry's perspec
tive is that there aren't enough
profits. If s not going to be the reduction of the lands for environmental issues that has cost jobs,
it's the technology and the higher
productivity of the forest worker,"
he said.
The role of technology and the
way the economy is structured gets
to the heart of the problem, according to Dave Joffe, a UBC student
and member of the UBC international socialists.
"Government and
industry have
manipulated the
environmentalists and
loggers against each
other, and the best thing
for the two groups is to
get past the issues and
look at what they're
really after."
"Posing the question as jobs
versus environmental concerns is
wrong. In the long term jobs will
only exist as far as that industry is
sutainable...part of maintaining
jobs is the responsible use of the
environment."
"We oppose the big forest companies not because they create jobs
but because they are destroying
them.
While some environmentalists
point to "technology" as the root of
job losses, Joffe thinks the problem
is deeper—the way our economic
system itself is set up.
"The forestry industry in BC
has been run on a short term, cash
and grab basis. Up to the last few
years Fletcher Challenge and
MacMillan Bloedel have not
thought of the long term viability of
the industry, which has led to a
crisis in forest viability."
Foy agrees that technology
alone has not taken jobs away.
"We're losing our jobs because
we're allowing our lands to be controlled by people who don't live
here. That means technology is
being used for the multinational
corporations and their foreign
shareholders and not for those who
live here."
Pearse sees the changes as part
of the inevitable forces of economic
change.
"There's been quite a few
analyses of employment in the forest sector and there's no question
that the employment has declined,
mainly due to improving productivity of labour in the forest industry," he said.
Others point to the lack of a
secondary i ndustry for forest products in BC—like furniture or prefabricated houses.
"We have a ban on the export
of raw logs, more or less, but what
happens is we cut off the four corners of some of these logs and ship
them as 12 by 12s to the States for
veneer," Crawley said.
Tve heard there's about four
times the jobs created in value-
added industry [as in primary
industry]...If we can employ four
times more people then we can
reduce the annual allowable cut
and still have the benefits as far as
employment."
Foy agrees.
There are two-by-fours, pulp
and newsprint being spewed out in
vast quantities in extrememly
mechanized plants, with more and
more of our forests disappearing.
You could just as easily turn the
best technology towards a forest
owned by many smaller manufacturers, anduse it to turn out higher
quality products. With higher
quality products, more people employed. Then well have thousand-
year-old trees not used as studs
hidden in a wall or in a piece of
newsprint thaf s looked at once
and thrown away."
As for the targetting of environmentalists, Joffe thinks we have
seen people "in real fear of losing
their jobs, people with their backs
to the wall and based on a very
superficial judgement they have
said oh well, [environmentalists]
are really the enemy.
Torest workers are
potentially the most
powerful allies of the
environmental
movement."	
"Which is not the case, because forest workers are potentially the most powerful allies of
the environmental movement because they're actually doing the
cutting, and if s in their interest
that any forestry in BC that is done
is sustainable."
What's needed, Joffe said, is a
broad coalition of unions, environmentalists, and first nations
peoples that putthe needs ofpeople
and the environment, not the logging companies, first.
Harrison is unconvinced.
"Alternatives have been proposed such as studying photos, but
that can only provide one level of
understanding, of the parts, not
how the parts are connected and
how they relate to each other. Actually pulling animals apart in an
organized way is a very useful tool."
The number of students each
year who express concern is very
small. Whether the number of as a
whole is more I don't know."
Harrison added that vivisection (dissections and similar experiments on living animals) does
not occur in the first-year program.
In a perfect world, Jan Cook
said, animals wouldn't be kept in
captivity at all for experiments, but
she realizes overnight changes in
animal treatment are not going to
happen.
"All change requires effort.
People will say you need to dissect
to learn, but that's because if s what
weVe done for the past 300 years."
Despite the stated reasons, she
sees the current review process as
"catching up" with contemporary
ethics towards animals.
"People just don't tolerate
killing animals as easily anymore,"
she said.
Bruce say* bikes are best.
MATT KING PHOTO
Bikes beat buses bad!
by Bruce Wolff
If s Tuesday morning, the first
day back at school, and Fm heading
into campus along Agronomy
Road. Whaf s this? The lineup for
B-lot must be fifty cars long!
No problem. I'm going the
other way. In a few moments, Fll
have my bike parked under cover
and just a few steps from the
building where my first class is.
If you ride a bicycle into
campus, you have this experience
everymorning. Ifyouridethebus,
you dont even have to worry about
parking. People who live close
enough to campus to walk have
the best deal of all!
Yet many students, staff and
faculty at UBC insist on shelling
out thousands of dollars a year in
insurance, maintenance, fuel,
parking and depreciation just so
they can go through the frustration of fighting traffic every day in
their old-fashioned gasoline automobiles.
I don't even have to mention
the resources needed to make a
car, the land it (ab)uses to drive
and park on or the poisonous fumes
it spews into our air.
Butisn'tthebus inconvenient?
There are directbus routes to UBC
from all over Vancouver, as well
as West and North Van and Richmond. Seven UBC routes connect
with Skytrain, extending service
to Bumaby, New West an d Surrey.
Isn't the bus slow? It may take
a bit longer than a car, but if s time
you can use to review notes, catch
up on missed sleep or just watch
the cycles of life in the city.
Isn't it expensive? Reread the
second paragraph of this article.
Try riding the bus one or two days
a week until you're ready to make
the switch. How about starting next
Tuesday?
What about cycling? Isnt it
dangerous? Not if you know what
you're doing. Cycling BC offers
courses in traffic safety—contact
them at 737-3034. In addition, you
should have a good helmet, lights
and reflectors, and a U-lock.
I'm no Greg Lemond. How can
I make it up the 10th Avenue hill
from Kitsilano? First of all, use
Eighth Avenue instead: it has less
traffic, better views, and is currently being made even more bike-
friendly as part of Vancouver's
bikeway network. Secondly, try it
first on a weekend. Once you've
found the best route and built up
some stamina, you can join me as
we sail past those forty-nine cars
waiting to get into B-lot!	
the environment is your
friend, recycle this paper!! 4   THE UBYSSEY
SPECIAL ISSUE
TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
Trees, cash and the media: the myth of eco-terrorism
WeVe all seen it on the six
o'clock news. Trie story of the terrible
tree-spikers, the eco-terrorists who
make the loggers nervous and embarrass "legitimate" environmentalists.
Many, if not most of us
assume the existence of environmental fanatics poses an immediate
danger to forestry workers. If s very
important, though, for the citizen of
our society to consider one important, often overlooked fact: the stories of the tree-spikers are almost
ELECTION
STIDKM REPRESENTATIVES TO THE
BOARD OF GOVERNORS AND THE SENATE
January 17 - 21,1994
Day/Evening Polls
Monday - Thursday 9.30 a.m. - 9.00 p.m.
Friday . 9.30 a.m. - 3.30 p.m.
Sedgewick Library
S.U.B.
Woodward Library
Evening Polls
Monday and Wednesday, January 17 and 19. 1994
6.00 p.m. to 9.00 p.m.
Acadia/Fairview Common Block
Walter H. Gage Common Block
Totem Park Common Block
Place Vanier Common Block
Daytime Polls
Monday through Friday
9.30 a.m. to 3.30 p.m.
Henry Angus Law
Buchanan
C.E.M.E.
Chemistry
Computer Science
Ian
MacMi
Scarfe
War Memorial Gym
(Subject to availability of students to run polls)
BRING YOUR A.M.S. CARD
BOARD OF GOVERNORS
(Two to be elected)
Michael K. Y. Hughes (Ph.D. Candidate - Physics)
Richard Kwan (Fourth Year Arts)
Orvin Lau (Fourth Year Science)
SENATE (AT-LARGE)
(Five to be elected)
Jim Boritz (Ph.D. Candidate - Computer Science)
Lica Chui (Fourth Year Pharmaceutical Sciences)
Terence Fan (Second Year Science)
Byron Horner (M.A. Candidate - Political Science)
Jan King (Third Year Human Kinetics)
Dave Preikshot (Third Year Science)
Mark G. Schaper (Second Year Arts)
SENATE REPRESENTATIVES FROM
INDIVIDUAL FACULTIES
APPLIED SCIENCE (One to be elected)
(Voting in CEME only)
Jon Foan (Second Year Engineering)
Keith MacLaren (Fourth Year Engineering)
ARTS (One to be elected)
(Voting will take place in Buchanan only)
Andrew Heys (Fourth Year)
Talman W. Rodocker (Fourth Year)
COMMERCE & BUS. ADMIN. (One to be elected)
(Voting will take place in Angus only)
Joshua Bender (Second Year)
Jay Sharun (Second Year)
Steven Tarn (Second Year)
Henry Andrew Wong (Second Year)
EDUCATION (One to be elected)
(Voting will take place in Scarfe only)
Paul Chan (First Year Education)
Lome Mosher (First Year Education))
SCIENCE (One to be elected)
(Voting will take place in Chemistry only)
Kevin Douglas (Third Year)
Steven Kil (First Year)
NO PROXY VOTING WILL BE ALLOWED
YOU REQUIRE YOUR A.M.S. CARD TO VOTE
It should be noted that any allegations of irregularities with regard to these
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signatures of at least three students eligible to vote.
entirely fabrications and exaggerations of the most extreme kind.
To begin with, the use of
the word "terrorism" applied to tree-
spiking is a distortion of language.
Properly speaking, "terrorism" denotes an effort to gain acceptance of
one's position through the use of
violence andintimidation. However,
there is no documented evidence of
a single case of anyone being harmed
in any way by a member of an established environmental organization. That includes Earth First!
Furthermore, those who
have participated in tree-spiking in
the past have always maintained
that the purpose of their actions was
to delay and inconvenience logging
operations, not to intimidate. Pretty
peaceful bunch, these "terrorists."
Also relevant is the total
exaggeration of the extent of damage caused by tree-spiking and
equipment destruction. To use a
cliche, it's a drop in the bucket.
These activities for many reasons
have never gone beyond the stage
of isolated incidents. Certainly, the
stories claiming that "eco-terrorism" is making a significant dent
in business cannot be taken seriously. The fact is that the combined resources of environmental
PERSPECTIVE
by Rodney Snooks
groups worldwide come nowhere
near what a . company like
MacMillan-Bloedel spends on
public relations against them, in
contrast with the widely held view
that environmental groups control
tremendous money and influence.
The fact is we are being
fed a myth by the mainstream media. Lest I be accused of paranoia
or conspiracy theory, this does not
imply any kind of conscious conspiracy between media and companies like MB. But newspapers are a
business, and the vast majority of
their profits come from advertisers, not from purchase of copies.
And it is no exaggeration to say
that when newspapers run articles
sympathetic to radical environmental groups, they get account
cancelations and threats of the
same. Newspapers simply cannot
afford to ignore the wishes of their
advertisers.
We in the public need to
look at the media more critically
than we have in the past, and most
importantly at their relationships
with advertisers and other controlling interests. We can have accurate, unexaggerated news coverage-
if we demand it. Until this is done
media will continue to work for
their meal ticket, not the interest of
the public.
Media public relations love logging
Sunday, 9 January 1994. The
Sunday Province. Reports of
Greenpeace eco-terrorist
conspiracies and hidden bank accounts. Heavy, heavy, stuff. But
very difficult, indeed, to take seriously.
Ever since Southam News
hired the international public relations firm Burston-Marsteller to
help improve their profitability,
stories in the Sun and Province have
become increasingly less sympathetic to the aims of environmental
groups such as Greenpeace and
Earth First! Itis well for us today to
examine some of the reasons for
these trends.
BC citizens could be forgiven
foraskingwhySouthamwouldhire
a company like BM, well known for
defending the brutal Pinocet regime in 1970*8 Chile, and successfully helping the BC Forest Alliance, a Forest Industry Front group,
to misleadingly portray itself as a
citizen's interest group. At the very
least, a perception of a conflict of
interest seems quite likely.
Unfortunately, the perception
continues to seem more and more
like reality. The first fishy-looking
move was the sacking of the popular
column writen by influential science writer and enviromentalist
David Suzuki. More recently, the
pages of the Sun have seen a lot less
of Steven Hume, a Sun reporter
symathetic to environmentalists.
Other stories run in the papers have
taken an increasingly paranoic and
hysterical tone, unquestionably biased against environmentalists.
Most recently we have seen the
Province's front page "Green Fleece"
PERSPECTIVE
by Rodney Snooks
story, based entirely on the type of
innuendo and unsubstantiated
charges which would be unlikely to
even warrent a story if leveled
against, say, BM or the CIA. The
story's assertion of Greenpeace and
Earth First! cooperation in "eco-terrorism" as well seems less than
timely considering Earth Firstl's
announcement, now over three
years old, that they have given up
tree-spiking and monkey-wrenching. Naturally, the paper did not see
fit to mention this fact.
In a statement released on
Monday, Greenpeace denied any
wrongdoing, and questioned the
credibility of anti-Greenpeace
filmmaker Magus Gudmundsson,
the initial source of the charges,
noting his funding by pro-whaling
governments and organizations.
Greenpeace also notes that it has
been the target of terrorist attacks,
including the 1985 sinking of the
Greenpeace ship <ital2>Rainbow
Warrior (in which one man was
killed) by French agents, one of
whom was later decorated by the
government of France. The house
of a Greenpeace research director
in the US was burned by arsonists,
and activists in other countries
have received death threats.
As the Sun and Province continue to print stories which grossly
exaggerate the power of environmental groups, minimize nasty
behavior of PR firms, and make a
lotout of nothing to raise suspicion
about individual environmentalists, BC citizens will find it more
and more difficult to avoid questioning the competence, or integrity, or both, of the Sun and Province editorial staff.
Free
Tutoring
for UBC Students
Drop-in and get help with 1st year subjects in Math, Physics,
Statistics, Economics, and English.
GET AN EARLY START ON STUDYING
TUESDAYS and THURSDAYS
7pm to 9pm
Magda's (in the Common's Block of Totem Park Residence) 2525 West Mall
SATURDAYS SUNDAYS
lpm to 5pm 5pm to 9pm
Room 205 in the SUB (Student Union Building) 6138 SUB Boulevard TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
SPECIAL ISSUE
THE UBYSSEY   5
Forestry change is slow
A bastion of conservatism or a
faculty slowly facing up to environmental realities.
Those are two perspectives of
the UBC faculty of forestry and the
way they are dealing with growing
public concern over ecological issues.
The facultyis"partofthe problem," according to Joe Foy, the
campaign coordinator of the western Canada wilderness committee
(WC2).
"There have been no real
changes, not at the level thaf s
needed," he said.
The approach of the faculty is
thatfirstyoulookatbiological needs
and then at economic needs and
you try to blend them—but the two
dont know anything about each
other. There'sthisnotion that trees,
salmon and endangered species
understand the economy and will
change their habits accordingly,but
it's just not so."
Foy said the faculty and the BC forest practices code
have to recognize the
true functioning of
the forest.
"We dont need a faculty that
says Sve need to clearcut to feed
those mills so here's how to
clearcut,'" he said.
UBC professor of forest policy
Peter Pearse disagrees.
"When I was a student here we
paid relatively modest attention to
managmgforestsforanythingother
than industrial timber. Today our
whole curriculum and entire emphasis is that timber is only one of
the products of the forest. That is
clearly a reflection of changing
policies and attitudes."
Simon Crawley is a third-year,
UBC student in a new program,
forestry conservation. He admits
that many of his fellow forestry
students project an image of intolerance towards environmentalists.
While he disagrees with their
stance, he said he understands it.
"[Manyofthesestudents]have
been brought up in forestry towns
and the forestry has always represented their future. The faculty of
forestry has a higher than average
representation of people from forestry towns, and while if s hard for
me to say, that might be somewhat
responsible for their attitudes".
But Crawley does see changes
in the works. "There are a lot of
people whose points of view are
changing. More and more with the
new conservation program in forestry there are a lot of new attitudes coming in.
"We get hassled a lot for the
things that happen during forestry
week, the people driving around on
FREESTYLE
by Graham Cook
OMAR, logit, burn it, pave if—it's
not a fair representation of students. In general, thaf s a publicity
stunt."
Crawley is part of a group of
forestry students called students
for forestry awareness (SFA), who
bring in speakers from various different interest groups to talk on
forestry issues. Previous speakers
include Adrienne Carr from the
Western Canada Wilderness Committee and MLA Corky Evans.
"There's more and more demands being put on forests for non-
timber values, like recreation and
wildlife and biodiversity, if s not
just about managing for timber
anymore," Crawley said. "The students for forestry awareness is
there to bring in other points of
view that arent being taught."
But Foy thinks just adding
otherviewstothemixisnotenough.
"[The faculty] are nowhere
near crossing the point where they
understand that the
forest is more important than the capital.
They believe we can
tinker with the system without fundamentally changing it," he said.
"Forestry at UBC functions as
a way of justifying the system,
holdingoutthepossibility ofchange
in the future while fundamentally
running us into a brick wall."
Pearse disagrees. He believes
the faculty has responded quite
well to current pressures, "to the
point where we are sometimes
criticized for not putting enough
emphaasanindustrial production."
Evenfortheconservation students, pressure to conform to traditional views of the forest is strong,
according to Crawley.
"Some people in the conservation program are also doing the
registered professional forester
courses, animportant ticket tohave
in BC because it gives you credibility in the forest management community," Crawley said.
"Clark Binkley, dean of forestry, was quoted in an article as
saying that the education of the
professional foresters is generally
20 years behind. They're going to
start making extension courses
mandatory, but Fm not certain
what professional development is
going to go on."
The SFA sponsors a noon speaker
series at 12:30 every Thursday, and
will be hosting a special session on
17 January from 4:30 to 5:30 in
MacMillan 160, with a talk from
BC Forest Minister Andrew Fetter.
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• VL-BUS Models Incl. VL-BUS Controller & I/O • Parallel/2 Serial Ports • 101 Key Enhanced Keyboard • MS-DOS 6.2
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AMS ELECTIONS
'94
ALL
CANDIDATES
FORUM
TIM AKUNE PHOTO
The Elections Committee is holding a
forum for AMS Executive, Board of
Governors, and Senate Candidates on
Wednesday January 12th, 1994
12:30 p.m. - 2:30 p.m.
in the SUB Conversation Pit
• Meet the candidates
• Ask questions
• Take an interest!
• Refreshments to be provided!
ELECTIONS WILL BE HELD:
January 17,18,19,20 & 21,1994 6    THE UBYSSEY
SPECIAL ISSUE
TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
SPECIAL ISSUE
THE UBYSSEY   7
if
Clayoquot fallout: the price of resistance
by Emily MacNair
THE TRIAL:
■ I stood before the courts for the second time on 19 November. It was my one and only opportunity to speak to the man who
was sentencing me.
I was skeptical about what purpose my prepared speech
would serve because the judge had decided to pronounce the
verdict and sentence us on the same day. Usually the judge gives a
verdict and if the accused are found guilty they may speak before
uie court The judge takes time to consider these words before he
sentences. However, the judge had adjourned once to consider the
verdict and seemed anxious to get on with things.
This was the second time I had missed school to go to
Victoria. I was emotionally and mentally drained after several
months of juggling school and die stress of court
My lawyer told me mat a speech might be held against me if
it were deemed disrespectful towards the courts. I had decided my
need to be heard came before my fears. I had made a choice to be
arrested arid it was vital to me that my reasons be voiced.
Unlike most arrest situations I had intentionally placed
myself under arrest and was not seeking to escape the consequences. This was something my lawyer never did come to grips
with. I suppose it was a credit to his ability as a lawyer that he
came to me often with various creative ideas for defences which,
to his dismay, I was consistently uninterested in. I did appreciate
his fierce insistence mat the courts stick to normal rules of
evidence which had been ignored in previous Clayoquot trials.
ft was no surprise to me when I was found guilty. The courts
had been inconsistent to the point of foolishness when it came to
previous sentencing but there were very few people found not
guilty. The sentencing had varied from 45 days in jail and a $2000
fine to a suspended sentence and no fine—all for the same action.
However, I was not so much concerned with a finding of guilt as
the charge mat my actions were those of a criminal. Yet those
were the words, "guilty of criminal contempt of court"
I read through the written reasons for judgment with a
mixture of horror and amusement The courts felt I had scorned
them, that my actions were motivated by disrespect and a desire
for anarchy. According to die judge, my intentions were to place
the court in disrepute. After reading this, my speech became even
morepertinent
I was uie only one in my trial to speak to sentencing on my
own behalf. In all my life through speeches and recitals and
concerts I have never been as terrified and as intent on adequately
expressing my emotions and thoughts. My stomach twisted into
knots as I began to read. [See sidebar.]
THE SENTENCE:
■ Although I had made a decision to face any possible
consequences for overfly refusing to apologize to the courts, I was
relieved when the judge recommended me as a candidate for house
arrest or electronic monitoring. I took comfort in the knowledge
mat I wouldn't be writing exams from jail.
Li order to be approved for the program I had to meet with a
corrections officer in Vancouver. Although in the courts I felt like
a chastised child, this was my first real taste of being treated like a
criminal.
I waited in a bare room—no pictures or magazines and
surrounded by locker doors. There was glass separating me from
the secretaries. The interview was brief and formal and I was
easily accepted into the program.
On 10 December I returned to Victoria for the last time. I was
informed by the judge mat my formal sentence was a $250 fine
and three weeks of house arrest (translating into two weeks if I
behaved and resisted my criminal urges). My public criminal
record would be erased after I had servedland paid.
I was taken into the custody of the court I was led by a
security guard to the cells in the courthouse. He sheepishly asked
me if I was carrymg any kmves. The c»mpucated procedure of
removing dangerous objects from my possession began. All of my
jewelry, my school books, money and shoelaces (so I couldn't
hang myself) were taken.
I was searched and finally put into a cell with two other
women who were on trial with me. Another prisoner was put in the
cell with us. We talked for several hours and tried to remain
tighthearted. Two women talked about their children. I talked with
another university student We weren't sure how long we would be
held for.
Finally we were removed from the cell, only to be cuffed and
told we were being moved to Wilkinson, the men's correctional
facility in Victoria. My second ride in a paddy wagon—only this
one had cages. We were put into another cell in Wilkinson.
Time took on a different meaning in those cells. I have a new
found appreciation for the cruelty of zoos. After a couple of hours I
was taken out questioned, photographed and given a 24 hour pass
to get back to Vancouver. I was told I had to get my monitoring
device there.
Forest management policies: who is right?
MA CHI/VNIEN PHOTO
The ecology of Clayoquot Sound
byKennithWu
Li the course of the struggle to protect Clayoquot Sound, very little has been said about the actual
ecology of the region, other than fleeting references to "old-growth" forests. To date, most of the public
presentations on Clayoquot's ecology have been put on by foresters who have primarily been concerned
with the "wise management" of specific economically valuable tree species.
However, forestry and ecology are two different things, the former being a utilitarian science
designed by the forest industry for the management of a particular resource, and the latter being an
examination of all species and ecosystems with no inherent slant towards any particular set of species. In
other words, trees are only one part of the Clayoquot Sound along with countless other animal and plant
species which comprise the coastal temperate rain forest ecosystem.
There are several different ecosystem types within Clayoquot Sound, with the "old-growth" cedar/
hemlock forest being the best known. This ecosystem comprises the majority of Clayoquot's land base
and is the forest type with the largest trees. Some western red cedars are literally 20 feet in diameter (60
feet cirumference). Other tree species in the cedar/hemlock forest include western hemlock, douglas fir,
broadleaf maple, red alder, cascara, pacific yew trees, and sitka spruce trees.
Black-tailed deer also require the old-growth cedar/hemlock forest as an important wintering habitat
to provide food and shelter during severe storms. Predatory wolves and cougars, common in Clayoquot
prey on the deer. Pine martens, Roosevelt elk, nesting sea birds like marbled murrelets, several fungi and
mosses and many other species all require the conditions found in old-growth forests for at least part of
their life-cycles.
Unlike other forest ecosystems such as those in the interior of British Columbia, natural forest fires
are very infrequent in Clayoquot Sound due to its incredibly high precipitation levels. This makes clearcut
logging particularly destructive in Clayoquot Sound, as the forests largely did not evolve with any similar
disturbances.
The natural second growth forests created by blowdowns during winter storms and natural landslides
often have a greater overall biodiversity than in old-growth forests, with more "charismatic megafauna"
such as bears or deer in summer. The forest industry has been quick to point this out in an attempt to
justify clearcutting.
However, natural second growth forests are a far cry from the sterile rows of even-aged, pesticide-
sprayed trees in tree plantations. These artificial forests lack a diversity of tree species, undergrowth
plants, and animals found in natural second-growth forests. Old-growth forests have a unique set of
species not found in either natural or artificial second-growth forests, which in itself is reason enough to
justify its existence. Wilderness protection is not a "greatest number of species" competition, but simply
one of the degrees of naturalness of every ecosystem.
Another extensive ecosystem in Clayoquot is the coastal bog forest much of which was protected by
the "Clayoquot compromise" (surprise, surprise). Stunted forests of shore pine and yellow cedar grow in
the nutrient poor soils, as well as numerous other plants such as sedges and sundews. These bogs are
important feeding areas for black bears. Environmentalists must be careful not to devalue this ecosystem
or to condemn the government for protecting it but instead point out that it was simply a matter of
political expediency to protect the economically valueless bogs and have more green on the BC highway
map.
Clayoquot Sound also includes habitats ranging from alpine tundra to beach/dune complexes on
land, and eelgrass beds to open ocean in the marine environment
To date, there have not been any official studies done on any of the biodiversity of Clayoquot
Sound, thus leaving us ignorant as to what species inhabit the region and at what abundances. This fact
makes it illegal for the clearcumhg of the rain forest under international law, as Canada is a signatory of
the Biodiversity Treaty in the UN.
This treaty states that it must be proven that the biodiversity of a region will not be harmed before
economic development proceeds. Obviously, this is hard to demonstrate if no studies have been done
prior to the clearcumhg of the forests. To date, the only ecological studies conducted in Clayoquot are
those of the recently established Clayoquot Biosphere Project a privately funded operation directed by
Dr. Jim Darling.
Twenty-one percent of Clayoquot had already been logged when the "Clayoquot compromise"
decision was announced last April. Of the 33 percent protected, a large portion consisted of areas already
clearcut bog forests, high elevation forests, rock and ice. Seventy-four percent of the economically
valuable forests were given over to the industry to log.
However, to effectively justify die protection of the entire region, Clayoquot Sound must be put in
the context of the entire temperate rain forest ecosystem. Of 174 watersheds greater than 50 square
kilometers on Vancouver Island, only 5 completely intact watersheds remain. There is not a single
untagged watershed of this size on eastern Vancouver Island. To log any of the last three percent of
intact watersheds is the height of anti-ecological irrationality.
Li addition, Clayoquot Sound is the largest tract of low-elevation, coastal rain forest in the world,
yet only about one-fourth the size of Jasper National Park. One wolf needs on the order of 100 square
kilometres of territory to survive, and conservation biologists estimate that a minimum of five hundred
individuals are necessary to maintain enough genetic diversity for the long-term evolutionary adaptability
of a species. When tiny islands of wilderness are protected in a sea of industrial development tike
clearcumhg, species tike the wolves will continue to die within the park boundaries due to inbreeding and
disturbances. That's why extensive tracts of wilderness like Clayoquot are essential.
Clearly, the "Clayoquot compromise" is not a fair and balanced decision from an ecological
perspective. As the saying goes: When it comes down to the very last old-growth tree, Mike Harcourt
will "compromise" and save half of it
I was shocked. The only purpose of holding us was to hook
us up with monitoring devices and now I was being told there had
been no intention of doing that in Victoria because I lived in
Vancouver. I felt certain they could have figured that out before
they imprisoned me and moved us to Wilkinson. Complaining
about the injustice of the situation seemed inappropriate at the
time so I began the trek back to Vancouver.
THE ANKLE BAND:
■ The next morning it was back to the corrections officers in
Vancouver. The monitoring device was a thick strip of rubber with
a plastic box attached to it ft was fastened tightly to my ankle. I
could not remove it
A machine called the "home escort system" was hooked into
die telephone in my home. When I entered or exited my home it
dialled out to a switchboard so someone always knew if I was
home. I was allowed out for what the officers considered to be
important and had to give 24 hours notice of my activities. No
walks in uie yard or Christmas shopping.
Li 14 days I left my house four times to write exams. The rest
of the time I watched a tot of Star Trek and began to invent new
words. One day I foolishly hoped my officer might let me out for
anr»urtochc>oseaChnWiastreewimrrryparenU.Helaughedat
me. I got off die phone and started to cry. The reality of being a
prisoner in my home setin.
UNREPENTANT:
^a* Everything is over now. The experience was an enlightening
one to say the least I have a very rtew insight on the ineaning of
justice in British Columbia. Prom the moment I decided lobe
arrested to die moment I finished serving my sentence I underwent
great transformations.
Fortunately, I can safely say the experience has not "corrected" me in the way the courts intended. My convictions about
die preservation of wilcleniess which led to my arrest have only
been strengthened. My feelings about the courts which were
previously respectful have been shaken and reformed.
Justice Is bind?
UBYSSEY RLE PHOTO
The following is Emily MacNair's
speech to the court on 19 November
1993.
"For months I have listened to
uie media interpretation of who the
protestors in Clayoquot Sound are
and what they represent Throughout
me three months since I was arrested
I have been consistently confronted
with people's misconceptions about
die reasons behind the action I chose
to take.
"For three days I sat before this
court avid heard evidence about the
events of August ninth. Very few
people have asked me why I actually
did what I did. Somewhere along uie
way, the convictions which led me to
be arrested in Clayoquot Sound were
silenced.
'T educated myself before I
became involved in protest I found
out that temperate rainforest is
endangered; that pristine wilderness
of arry land is endangered. I
discovered that a multinational
corporation is responsible for the
logging in Clayoquot Sound and that
much of the old growth timber will
be shipped out raw and more will be
pulped to produce products that can
now be made from recycled
materials,
"I questioned whether this sort
of resource exploitation is sustainable or logical I questioned
humanity's inherent right to destroy
one of uie few remaining wild
spaces, a fragile ecosystem and the
habitat of other species. I decided
there was nothing sustainable or
justifiable about about the decision to
log Clayoquot Sound.
"I protested a decision in which
me government refused to hear the
people. I protested because
Clayoquot Sound is an ancient rare
ecosystem with a value beyond the
economic. I protested against a
corporation uninterested in the future
of the regions it logs or the surrounding communities. A corporation
unwilling to take responsibility for
the atrocious logging practiced all
over this province.
"I had no intention of offending
the courts and did not protest out of
contempt for die courts. However, I
did protest becuause my conscience
would not allow me to stand by and
watch Clayoquot Sound be logged. I
cannot regret this action. These are
my reasons, and here at last my
voice has been heard."
uy iunK
T:
CWHEALY PHOTO
by Ian Gunn
~ ^HE OFFICES OF THE DAVID SUZUKI FOUNDATION ON
West 4th are so new that finding them takes time. Outside, the
smell of new concrete is unmistakable as one wanders along
undecorated and largely unlabelled hallways trying not to bump into
painters and lost-looking hike couriers.
Once inside, a sense of quiet efficiency takes over. Meeting
David Suzuki does nothing to change it He is friendly, but keen to get
down to business.
OVER THE YEARS, SUZUKI HAS AUTHORED SEVERAL
[books for children that encourage a love and exploration of
nature, and his teenage environmentalist daughter has just
published her own book It would seem logical that Suzuki would
place much of his hope in those of our generation who have a wiser
attitude towards nature and the environment
But he is quick to warn against relying on tomorrow's generation
to fix the ills of today. He cites a remark by his 14-year old daughter
Severn.
"Adults tell hex 'Well, we've done a bad job of looking after the
earth, but you kids are different you're gonna save the world.' Her
answer is 'Is that an excuse for you not to do anything? How are
children expected to learn anything different when you are our role
models?"
AS1
As
/mi
I FOR THOSE OF US ALRE ADY IN UNTVERSITY,
L Suzuki laments uie passing of what he considers a truly
k liberal education.
"I graduated from a college [Amherst Mass.] that only had
undergraduates, where every student had to do a liberal arts degree.
Although I did an honours degree in biology, I was never allowed to
take more than half of my courses in biology." That he says, forced
him to take courses in such things as religion, philosophy and history.
But at big universities tike UBC, he maintains, the philosophy is
to cram as much specialized information into students as possible.
"There is so much to educate a kid in, but science faculty resents
the fact that [students] still take a course in history or english."
Similarly, arts students rarely take "more than one or two
mickey-mouse courses that are given to them by the science faculty.
That is not a liberal education in my view."
The sad result he concludes, is a world where few have uie terms
of reference to stand back and understand the complexities of the
current crisis.
We will not be graduates who are educated, claims Suzuki, but
more "like savages who are trained in certain areas"—law and
business savages who have little understanding of science, and
scientist savages who tend to reduce their studies to a point where they
"lose that sense of the complexity and the enormity of the whole
system."
Which is why, he suggests, our political leaders—who come
almost exclusively from die ranks of the law and business communities—have such a tough time understanding the scientific warnings
about their plans for economic growth.
David Suzuki
speaks:
education
and a
surprising
hope
UZUKI BRISTLES AT THE SUGGESTION THAT HIS
image is that of a doom-sayer. His focus has shifted, he insists,
from five years ago when he produced the CBC Radio series
"A Matter of Survival."
The series and the accompanying book were heavy with futuristic
visions of what ecologists say will happen without radical changes to
the way we treat our planet The fact remains, he
insists, that "the message is heavy. There's no way
of avoiding that reality, and I don't apologise for
that"
Suzuki says that he is now, through the David
Suzuki Foundation, mapping out a strategy for a
more sustainable way. Abandoning none of the bad
news, but accepting it the Foundation has begun to
ask what is necessary for a sustainable society,
developing what he calls a "manual for change,"
which—once completed—they intend to take to
communities as a basis for local sustainability.
As proof of his optimism, he points to his newly-
finished book to be published in the spring, Time to
Change. Now is the time to change, and there is
time in which to effect that change—not much, but
enough. That he says, "is the happy message."
He admits it is not a feeling that all of his
colleagues in the environmental movement share. At
their most honest he says, many people already feel
that there isn't a lot that can be done.
But Suzuki refuses to see things that way.
"You have to believe that something can be done.
In the end it is die acting on our hopes and beliefs
that defines us as worthwhile. Whether we survive
or not is not as important as mat we try." 8 THE UBYSSEY
AMS PROPAGANDA
TUESDAY 11 JANUARY 1994
Solve
this equation:
The Alma Mater Society Committee lor Organizational Review and Planning (CORP) was
created in order to evaluate your student society. CORP is to propose improvements that will make the AMS a more effective organization and an even better
resource for the students of UBC. But we can't do it alone. We need to know what
you want to see from your student society, and what will best benefit your life at
UBC. Please stop by the CORP suggestion boxes on the SUB Concourse and drop off
your ideas, suggestions, complaints and/or opinions, or drop them off at the AMS
Executive Offices (SUB Room 238). Because, JFK notwithstanding, it's time to ask
what your Alma Mater Society can do for you.
Written submissions may be given to Terri Folsom, Administrative Assistant, SUB
Room 238. Oral submissions may be scheduled through
Randy Romero, Assistant to the President, SUB Room
256 or at 822-3972.
For more information, please contact Bill Dobie,
President, SUB Room 256 or at 822-3972.
OMM1TTEE   FOR
RGANIZATIONAL
EV1EW €r
LANNING Leonard Cohen: Music is stranger than fiction
by Ted Young-Ing
Leonard Cohen,
Canada's greatest living
poet/songwriter/prophet/
post-modern oracle has,
after 15 years of publishing
silence, released an
amazingly comprehensive
compendium of his lifetime
body of work.
Stranger Music: Selected
Poems and Songs
by Leonard Cohen
McClelland & Steward
Stranger Music traces
Cohen's writing career
from the publishing of Let
Us Compare Mythologies in
1956 to the release of his
album, The Future last year.
The book includes several
selections from each of
Cohen's works—books of
poetry, novels and albums
alike.
Cohen's writing is full
of hunger and lust. He
preaches to the alienated,
the lover, the militant, the
enlightened— those who
choose a life of passion in
our world of reason and
conformity. His poems
speak as earnestly today as
ever.
This encyclopaedic
edition traces Cohen's
obsessions, from his early
passions for love, sex, and
the search for identity to his
recent more weathered—if
not necessarily less base—
metaphysical angsts for The
Future, and the place which
he finds himself occupying
in society.
Deciding which pieces
to include and which to
exclude from any author's
lifetime of work is an
unenviable task. To have to
choose from Cohen's
prolific and lucid body of
writing is almost
unconscionable. However,
the several editors—Cohen
himself participated in the
selection of these works—
made excellent if not
always obvious choices.
Cohen's works will
forever stand as tabernacles
of truth and passion. This
landmark book will also
stand as the first
compilation of his work.
This book is a
mandatory possesion for
any Canadian student of
life, love or literature.
Between the pages of
Stranger Music, readers
will both lose and find
themself.
C
1
t
u
r
e
A (ting    Directing    PI ay writing    S ce n qjg1^^^'':.^f e|^tj^ cj| tPVo'a1 u |j|lll|
Call or write:   Notional Theatre School of Canada   5030 Saint-btnis St.,   :JVion%ealf Quebec   K:i-!i-:l§iii:
A   U   D   I   KS^fl|^ecl
DEADLINE   FOR   APPLICATION:   FEBRUARY   15      TEL.:   (514)   842-7954      FAX  :   (514)   842-5661
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
LEON AND THEA KOERNER MEMORIAL LECTURE
Elizabeth W. Fernea
Professor of English and Middle Eastern Studies
The University of Texas at Austin
Thursday, January 13,1994 - 12:30 p.m.
in Buchanan Building, Room A-104
Gendi r Ri:i.\noNs:
The Next Genfiiation in the Middle East
A look at attitudes and expectations of children in the area who constitute ne;ir!> halt of the population
Robert A. Fernea
Professor of Anthropology
The University of Texas at Austin
Friday, January 14,1994 -12:30 p.m.
in Buchanan Building, Room D-333
Issues of Adoption & Custody:
Attitudes & Practices in the Middle East and the USA
In both the United States and in Islamic countries, the" care of children without biological parents poses new
problems which confound both the public and the legal communities. Dr. Fernea will relate these issues to
contrasting views of the"naiural" family.
Schindler's lisp
by Niva Chow & Damon Rand
Schindler's List is Steven
Spielberg's movie about the life of
Oskar Schindler, a German
businessman who gave up
film
R E VI E W
Schindler's List
directed by Steven Spielberg
with Liam Neeson and
Catharine Goodall
everything he had in order to save
his Jewish workers.
Initially concerned only with
making money, Schindler grows
in his compassion and 'gratitude'
for those who he intended to
exploit.
The film is one that is graphic
yet still tasteful. It avoids the
traditional good Jew/bad German
perspective, focusing instead on
the multi-dimensional face of all.
Filmed docu-realism style,
the film is potent in its portrayal
of the Jewish people during
World War JJ. It is sad that it
takes a big name like Spielberg to
draw attention to the Holocaust,
but he does it tastefully by
avoiding the cliched Jaws-type
movie.
Spielberg's tendancy towards
over-dramatization in the last
scenes of the film does
"Hollywood-ize" it, but the film
manages to maintain its power.
Schindler's List makes people
remember the the Holocaust
which took place roughly fifty
years ago—it happened then, it
can happen again. To realize this,
is to perhaps take a step in
preventing it from reoccurring.
Schindler's List will
undoubtedly raise awareness of
the Holocaust, but it will be a
much more difficult task to
maintain this new awareness in
society. It is essential to realize
the magnitude of the issues and
not isolate the Holocaust as one
incident in history. The
persecution of all peoples is
occuring throughout the world
and to not acknowledge this is to
open the world to hatred and the
perpetuation of ignorance.
Schindler's List is a thought-
provoking film—the kind that
makes you want to drink coffee,
smoke cigarettes and bitch about
the world all night. Go see it.
.•   'Toronto. Mississippi'by Joan MacLeods-Powerful and Hilarious"
The University of British Columbia
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
TORONTO, MISSISSIPPI
by Joan MacLeod
"POWERFUL AND HILARIOUS"
Directed by Stephen Malloy
January 12 - 22
2 FOR I SPECIAL PREVIEW-JAN 12
Curtain 8:00 pm
Box Office • Frederic Hood Theatre • Room 207
Phone 822-2078
Support Your Campus Theatre
• Toronto. Mississippi*by Joan MacLeod«"Powerful and Hilarious"
tuesday 11 January 1994
page 9
the ubyssey 10   THE UBYSSEY
OP/ED
TUESDAY 11 JANUARY 1994
EDITORIAL
"Twos the week before elections, and all through the SUB
Ran political hacks and wannabes, in a quest for the hub.
The posters were hung, by the stairwells with care
In hopes that testosterone, would soon gather there.
Leah "call me, well talk" Costello, with mousse in her hair
In hopes that the electorate, would just stop and stare.
Janice Boyle plastered walls, with her come hither stance
Drooping over the couch, her career to advance.
A disappointed campus brought forth laughter and jeers
As sex in campaigns has worsened over the years.
Janice, Leah and Bill, see CORP as experience they've had
To hell with student input, fascism ain't bad.
Marc Schaper's slate, he calls it "the spot"
Is it on the right, wherein lives the snot?
He himself has done much, to raise campus safety concerns
But the message to you, is burn, baby, burn.
Allanah New-Small's back, striving for induction
Shell choke Strangway's agenda of habitat destruction.
The Haeusser-New Small slate, The Ubyssey does christen
If they make David Strangway and his NDP masters listen.
Dobie's the one, to end this procession
"You know the evil," if there's re-election.
Lofty promises made, prior to the vote
Will ensure that the liars get on the boat.
So continues the age-old tradition of desperate campus
political hacks, feeling the reigns of power slipping from their
hands and frightened of future prospects, deciding to share
their attained wisdom with the electorate for another year and
hoping to pick up some free cash while they're there.
Leah Costello promises to single-handedly do what provincial and federal legislators have failed to accomplish with
student loans, as well as force the federal government to
designate funds specifically for "higher education," whatever
that may be.
Costello lists the committee for organizational review
and planning as experience, when it has met only for the past
month. If s a good thing you're bringing all of this experience
to your position, fluffy.
Questions, Leah? 1-976-822-2301. Call me and well talk.
Memorized half of Robert's Rules of Order, eh Janice? Is
that the same half that you said you'd memorized last year on
your campaign poster? What have you been so busy doing that
you haven't found time to memorize the other half? Ever heard
of something important like tuition freeze?
Bill "you know the evil" Dobie's platform stresses a need
to "develop specific polities" on issues vague enough to be
virtually all-encompassing. Dobie has proven that he has
mastered political lingo with such eloquent waffling. Congrats,
Willy. Income contingent loan repayment is one "issue," but
would that be against such a scheme or in its favour, which
many wisely see as a foot in the door technique to raise tuition
fees.
Seems the Dobester's also seen his work as chair of CORP
as a past accomplishment. Nice work, Bill. Students have been
clapping backs and doing high-fives all over campus now that
the AMS is more relevant to students. Nothing as effective as
a self-serving internal review.
Marc's "the spot" slate has a certain theme running
through the campaign. The slate might more aptly be renamed
"Marc," and all the candidates should have listed themselves
on the ballot as such. Maybe Marc's conduct last year on the
arts' council should be questioned. If you want to know more
ask some of last years arts' council members, they will be
undoubtedly glad to share their stories with you.
Cut spending, when the AMS is one of the richest student
governments in Canada? "Reform Executive." Ala Manning?
Raise safety concerns on campus. Where's your head been
buried? Honoraria and wage review for AMS employees. Dun,
sounds familiar. Gee, ever heard of working for the students?
Candidates like to use the AMS for three things—a
chance to get a cushy office, a chance to make upwards of nine
thousand dollars, and a springboard into federal politricks.
the Ubyssey
11 January 1994
The Ubyssey Is a founding member of Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are
those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university
administration, or of the publisher. The editorial office is Room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial Department phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
As the Ubyssey caravan was approaching the Clayquot site Graham
Cook and Iiz Van Aasum were sharpening their axes to cut down more
logging machinery. They were just trying to make a point. Niva Chow and
Douglas Ferris had convinced Ubyssey radical factions to get involved.
Sara Martin had already three weeks living in the woods. She and Taivo
Evard had chained themselves to trees in an effort to save them. Back in
Vancouver, Ted Young-Ing and Steve Chow were trying to raise funds for
their environmental cause by selling Ubyssey memorabilia to students.
The caravan had finally arrived at the site of the on-going eco-massacre.
As the infamous Siobhan Roan tree, Gregg McNally and Roadney Snooks
got off the busses their hearts were filled with grief and anger. Trevor
Presley ran naked into the woods trying to persuade Emily MacNair,
Tanya Starr and Bruce Wolff to do the same. But they looked at him with
disgust and pity. Ian Gunn had brought his shotgun along but Ken Wu
and Tessa Moon convinced him that non-violent civil disobedience was
the best way to go. Damon Rand, Steve Scali and Tony Zuniga were in
their camouflaged gear carrying heavy chains. They knew that it was
going to get rough
Editors
Coordinating Editor Douglas Fonts
Now* Coordinator Oraham Cook
Now* Editors: Sara Martin, Talvo Evard
Culture Coordinator Stov* "go ahead. Impeach mo" Chow
Culture Editor: Tod Youngtng
Photography Coordinator Siobhan Roantree
Production Manager: Uz 1 want a IhVvan Amuiti
Letters to the Staff
Ooo-don't think
too hard John
Is there such a thing as
a rational, philosophical defense of the right to abortion? Many of my fellow students seem to think that such
a defense is either impossible
or unnecessary, and that they
can simply dismiss the so-
called pro-life groups with a
shrug and an occasional protest rally. That view is
naive.
It is a simple fact that
those who ignore the power
of ideas are condemned to be
over-powered by them.
Whether we like it or not, the
topic of abortion rights involves several issues in political philosophy and biological science: does a woman
have the right to choose
whether or not to have an
abortion? If so, what is the
nature of that right? Is the
right to abortion to be defended on the grounds of the
woman's self-interest or not?
What, if anything, is the difference between a foetus and
a baby? When does life, and
therefore the right to life,
begin? Are sperm and eggs
people or what? Those who
seek to outlaw abortion have
taken a definite stand on
these issues—have you?
John Bradley
Philosophy
Violence only
affects feminists
not women?-duh
wake up buddy
I write with regards to
the threatening letters sent
to the counselling psychology
department and the consequent outcry from the politically correct band wagon that
this is another instance of
"violence against women." To
my understanding, these letter were targeted not at
women ingeneral but at feminists in said department.
Would it not seem more reasonable to say that these letters are any less reprehensible because they target
feminists, but merely point
out that feminism is not a
belief universally held by
women. Furthermore, I must
ask feminists if they think
they can verbally abuse male
students with impunity, and
also what acton can they expect the University to take?
As to the first, some men
may take strong offense to
the persistent male bashing
in some department^again
I do NOT condone these letters), the weaker of which
could resort to such petty
tactics. For the second, do
they want a Spanish inquisition style investigation so
they can simply put all male
students to The Question(to
which there is only one answer, of course) or woul d they
settle for the screening of
students for undesirable
beliefs(in which case I suggest good legal counsel before endeavoring to grossly
violate students' freedom of
belief and expression).
David Tomas
Civil Engineering
University in
Crisis
There are few places today to ask questions of those
in power. But surely one
such place in a corporate environment of fear and distrust is the "academically-
free" university campus.
A major public institution like the University of
B.C. should be one of the
most outspoken critics of the
"in-for-a-quick-profit" businesses that threaten people's
economic, social and legal
lives.
However, the issue of the
human environment is not a
concern at U.B.C. Instead,
the men at the top, adopting
corporate practices, have intimidated faculty, staff and
students alike by threatening job security, department
budgets, research funds and
tuition fees, even while they
rush ahead with a massive
building program on south
campus.
Fear can be worked on,
as all corporate missionaries
know. The David Strangway
administration at U.B.C. has
successfully educated even
tenured faculty in the psychology of deficit-fear. The
administration has thus
freed itself to bankrupt the
academic campus and to
build a corporate technology
atU.B.C.
Themaincampusisnow
pot-holed, littered, dirty.
Plumbing is in disrepair;
classrooms and desks are dilapidated.  Women's wash
rooms in heavily-used buildings are unsanitary; drinking water in older buildings
often tastes rank. Students
mirror the administration's
contempt for the teaching
campus by dropping garbage
everywhere. The grey,
square buildings of U.B.C,
washed by rivers of litter,
give the campus the general
appearance of a warehouse
district on the edge of decay.
Within the atmosphere
of fear and distrust at U-B .C.,
the campus population
broods. Anonymous hate
letters are directed at
women; misogynist comments appear in undergraduate publications and
attend undergraduate
events (Vancouver Province,
December 19,1993). Bitter,
angry jokes about the
Strangway greed proliferate
on campus and are now finding their way into the community.
These are the images of
oppression at U.B.C., the
signals of a human malaise
thatis present wherever corporate development touches.
Nancy Horsman.
Crab Park Must
Be Saved
Other than a job,low-
rental housing^tis safe green
spaces that are needed by
people below the poverty line.
And yet,the federal Port
of Vancouver corporation is
hand-holding with
Vancouver city hall planners,
to do away with local, low
income families use of a waterfront park.
Crah/Portside central
waterfront park is down at
the foot of mainstreet on
Burrardinlet.lt is about a 7
acre safe-haven of green grass
and trees. This rare waterfront greenspace, was formed
in July of 1987.
It has served children in
poverty, with organized recreational programs through
Raycam community centre
and the Vancouver parks
board.
But now there is threatened to be, a major change in
who uses this important
green acreage. The federal
crown corporation is wanting
to put a double-berthed
cruiseship/warship pier near
Crab park.
Further, the Provincial
NDP wants to put a up-to
10,000 person Trade and
Convention centre building
in this location. And they plan
to also build a 1.000 room
luxury hotel.
Under this concept, the
existing Canada Place sail
building would be joined to
the new proposed Trade and
Convention centre, by a
moving.overhead walkaway
system. Finally.the tourists
would be funneled into Crab
park,by a thirty foot wide
public waterfront walkway
system.
How can we have a safe
city when our so-called "responsible" politicians,
planners.and some business
groups show so little respect
for the needs of some existing
residents?
This issue will likely go
before Vancouver city council in the month of January
for vote.
Without proper housing
and greenspace, our social
costs will dramatically rise
in Vancouver during the
199Cs.
A positive, alternate vision for our central water-
front is needed. This vision
should instead include: (I),
mixed-income
housing.including on-site
social or core-needy housing,^), a large foodstore, (3).
a fishermans and farmers
market,(4). small retail eth-
nicfoodstores,(5). anincrease
in the size of Crab park by
three acres,(6).safe daycare
facilities, and a large gathering space for local Downtown
Eastside people.
Don Larson.
Wake up!
Sexism is for
pigdogs!
I am concerned about
the lack of action that the
university has demonstrated by not releasing its
report on the inquiry into
the origins of harassment
letters sent to women in the
counselling psychology department. By not releasing
the report the UBC administration in withholding potentially important information, since no solution to
the harassment has yet been
found. It is another attempt
to prevent students and the
public from knowing what
is going on, as if silence will
make the problem disap- TUESDAY  11 JANUARY 1994
NEWS
THE UBYSSEY  11
pear.
Although the university has
publicly supported feminist scholarship there is still a lot of work to
be done to overcome sexism on this
campus. The university has not
acted quickly to support feminist
scholarship and has not yet taken
women in counselling psychology
or the problem of sexism on this
campus seriously.
It is time to be serious about
the problem of sexism at UBC. It
can be seen in the inherent structure of the school, where for example
in the department of microbiology
where roughly half of the students
are female, only 3 out of 23 faculty
members are women. It is evident
when violence against women such
as date rape occurs on campus. It is
also evident in some classrooms
where sexist language is used and
female students are made to feel
unwelcome. For example, I recently
had a professor who made a point of
mentioning that women were more
susceptible to getting chlamydia
than men (ha ha), and this statement was repeated at least four
times during the lecture. None of
the womenin the class found it to be
hilarious ashe did. Another example
was when this man trivialized another female professor by mentioning that she had had a baby last
year and therefore didnt know as
much about the course material as
he did.
Itis time for the UBC administration to take a stand by informing
the public that sexism is not acceptable at UBC and to play an
active role in working towards
changing sexist attitudes.
Marcia Hogeling
4th year microbiology
When I came, council was brief
by Douglas Forris
So brief in fact, was last
Wednesdays council meeting
that it's difficult to be snarky,
cynical or bitter about my precious and often wasted time.
Council, as if finally understanding the "avoidance of conflict
of interest game-show", appointed
six persons to its "Special Committee on the Role of Volunteer Compensation and Its Practice'CThere!
Now I feel better...) These designates will sit on a committee to
determine just how much remuneration volunteer services are
worth. Dubious congratulations go
council minutes 5 January 1994
to Carole Forsythe, Mohamed
Mansour, Denise How, Susan
Carsky, Sara Martin, and Grant
Rhodes.
Somewhere between discussing the wording of the two referenda — WUSC (world university
services of Canada), and the PIRG
(public interest research group) —
council was stunned to witness the
crumbling cooperative facade of the
students first executive as their
flailing tempers injured numerous
bystanders.
Council wondered first what a
PIRG is, but then seemed confused
as they tried to decide just what it
was they should be discussing. Finally president Dobie saved precious minutes by pointing out that
they should only be discussing
whether the wording was unam
biguous or not. Thankfully it
was.
The total asbestos removal bill for a room in the
north-east corner of SUB has
addedupto$79,000.Moretocome.
The safety committee meeting is
next week. At the following council meetingits proposals as well as
its budget will be presented to
council for approval. Council
sweatshirts are now available free
of charge to all council members.
Rare, you'd think? An anonymous
member offered me one in trade
for a beer. With my student loan,
let's see ..
IC»
TO    SCHOOLS   9   94
STATIONERY
SWSL Pilot Spotliter-V, Liquid Hiliter Reg. $2.40
Sale $1.49
H125 Pilot Sharpen Mechanical Pencil Reg. $2.50
Sale $1.59
Student Information Management System Reg. $13.95 Sale $9.95
Plastic Adjustable File Trolleys 10291 Reg. $19.95 Sale $14.95
Bulldog Standard Stapler Reg. $3.25 Sale $2.19
McGill Paper Punch #600 Reg. $5.95 Sale $3.99
WTR New Dimension Desk Tray Asst. Colours Reg. $3.40 Sale $2.29
Everbright UBC Imprinted Pad Folder with Brass Corners Sale $12.95
Rolex Binder Asst Round & D Rings Prices as marked
CLOTHING
All Swimwear, Aerobicwear & Sports Accessories
(jan 10-15) Save 15%
All Ball Caps (Jan 17-22) Save 20%
Calhoun Balboa Beach Extended Block Sweatshirts (Jan 24-29) Save 20%
ASSORTED CLEARANCE CLOTH INC ...
PRICES AS MARKED
ELECTRONICS
Now 20%
Sharp EL-540G - Scientific Calculator Reg. $18.95
Sharp EL-546G - Scientific Calculator Reg. $26.95
I Sharp EL-9300C - Graphic Calculator Reg. $127.95
PENS & GIFTS
All Canadian Souvenirs (Jan 10-28) Save 20%
All Sheaffer Pens over $10 (Jan 17-21) Save 30%
All Parker Duofold Pens (Jan 24-28) Save 30%
SALE ENDS JAN. 31ST (unless otherwise noted,
& while quantities last)
Store Hours: Mon, Tue, Thur, Fri-8:30 am - 5:00 pm
Wed: 8:30am - 8:30 pm
Sat: 9:30 am - 5:00 pm
UBC BOOKSTORE
6200 UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
VANCOUVER, B.C., V6T 1Z4
(604)8 22-2665 FAX (604) 82 2-8 5 92 Hhe vilest rag west ofBlanca"
TUESDAY 11 JANUARY 1994
VOLUME 76, ISSUE 24
WE STILL BELIEVE IN GOD, BUT GOD NO LONGER BELIEVES IN US
J-^.U
Idiot student goes unpunished
by Niva Chow
Vancouver community
college's president has come under
fire for his leniency in dealing with
a student who feigned gunfire at a
6 December Montreal massacre
memorial.
"I am furious, I can't believe
this—it's hardly a slap on the
wrist," VCC women's
commissioner Liz Roelants said.
The hearing for Ron
McDonald, the man who pretended
to gun down speakers at VCC's
Montreal massacre
commemoration, was held one
month after the incident.
At the 4 January hearing,
McDonald stated, "I was sorry that
you [the witnesses] saw it, but I'm
not sorry that I did it."
The disciplinary committee
recommended that McDonald
write a letter of apology to the city
centre students' association, which
had sponsored the event, and
attend ten weekly one-on-one
counselling sessions with student,
rather than professional,
counsellors.
On a recorded message, VCC
president John Cruickshank
stated, "after considering these
ESL night classes cut
by Tanya Storr
UBC has recently cut its
english as a second language night
classes due to financial restraint,
and the decision has greatly
disappointed both former and
prospective ESL students.
The convenient evening
schedule and high standards of
the ESL night classes attracted
many professional immigrants to
UBC, for they could improve their
english at night while working
during the day.
Ho-Yuet Chow, a professional
early childhood educator from
Hong Kong who took the UBC
ESL night classes this fall, said, "I
feel it's a pity that the classes
were cancelled because many of
my classmates and I wanted to
continue taking them this term.
Now I'll have to go elsewhere to
study english at night."
Chow is a preschool substitute
during the day and she hoped to
continue taking the ESL night
classes in order to improve her
english in the hopes of finding a
permanent job.
Continuing studies
administration director Don
Mosedale said he shares the
disappointment of ESL students,
but the night classes had to be cut
as they were not meeting costs.
Since continuing studies is in a
very large deficit situation and
does not receive funding from
UBC, the department was not in a
position to be able to subsidize the
night classes.
"I've been working at UBC for
many years and no time comes
close to now in terms of restraint
in education. This makes for some
very difficult choices," Mosedale
said.
Coordinator of the continuing
studies intercultural training and
resource centre Mackie Chase said
she was also disappointed to see
an excellent program cut.
"It's really sad that it was
cancelled because it worked very
well. The program had
outstanding teachers and highly
motivated students from many
backgrounds. The students were
there because they had some sort
of goal in mind. A lot of them had
jobs and they could only come in
the evenings."
However, Chase agreed with
Mosedale that the cancellation of
the night classes was inevitable
because continuing studies was
losing money on the program.
"The mandate for continuing
studies is that we have to break
even. Teacher expenses and
overhead costs, in addition to low
enrollment in some classes, made
it impossible for us to meet our
mandate," Chase said.
According to Mosedale and
Chase, ESL night classes at UBC
will not be reinstated in the
foreseeable future due to the
financial pressures on continuing
studies. Chase said continuing
studies is looking into providing
english language training on job
sites as a more economically
feasible future option to the night
classes.
For now, Mosedale
recommends ESL students look
into "the many comparable
programs at virtually every
community college in the lower
mainland, as well as at some
excellent private schools."
According to Chow, however,
professional immigrants like
herself are particularly drawn to
attend classes at UBC because of
its high academic standing.
"UBC has the reputation of
better quality teaching and
facilities. I am disappointed that I
can no longer study ESL at UBC,"
Chow said.
recommendations overnight, I
went one step further by
suspending [McDonald] from
attendance for three days...my
decision was based on a talk of
issues where [McDonald] showed
a willingness to meet these
requirements, and I walked with
him to make his first appointment"
for counselling.
Because McDonald refused to
apologize for his actions at the 6
December memorial service, many
doubt that he is as sincere as
Cruickshank said.
"This guy is scary. There is no
remorse or bad feelings," former
women's commissioner Kathy
Smylsky-Holub said.
Cruickshank has been
criticized for his lack of action
regarding harassment on campus,
but claimed on the information
line that, "Vancouver community
college will not tolerate
harassment or threats of any
individual to any individual within
its jurisdiction."
"I believe that this
disciplinary decision will serve the
best interest of our students, as
well as define a minimum
standard of behaviour that is
essential for any educational
institution."
McDonald will be back on
campus on 10 January, as long as
he has written a letter of apology.
Roelants said that this is still
not enough.
"This is being swept under
the carpet," she said. "[McDonald]
said that he wasn't sorry that he
did it. If he does [follow the
recommendation] the only reason
is that he wants to come back to
school...the guy needs help."
Where'* the prof, whore's the class?
CHARLES CAMPBELL PHOTO
SFU students pay for dr<
• li  i
ig courses
by Sara Martin
SFU students will now pay a
$50 drop fee for lightening their
course load.
The new penalty policy,
implemented in December 1993,
charges SFU students $50 for each
course dropped from their course
load with a maximum $100 fee.
However, if a student drops a
course and adds another one they
will not be penalized.
SFU registrar Ron Heath said
in an interview with CiTR that
"the penalty is not just for
dropping a course, it's for reducing
a course load."
The drop fee was created to
free up courses students register
for but do not intend to take.
"Our total number of students
registered is up 4.1 percent over
last year and the number of course
registration is down 0.6 percent,"
Heath said. "So in fact it has
already appeared to start some
improvement of our situation."
Tracy Cummins, a first year
english student who started at
SFU in January, said that she
was told by a student adviser to
register for more courses than she
intended to take.
"He told me to get extra
courses so that I could drop one
when school started. So I did that
and I got charged 50 bucks," she
said.
Cummins said she "found out
about [the fee policy] the first day
of school, on the fourth of January."
Third year biology student
Rene Martin was also upset about
the new penalty.
"None of us knew about it,
you can drop out by phone
registration and the thing is you're
not informed while you're dropping
the course," she said.
"It's just costing students
money because they don't know
about it. Where does the money go
to—does it cost them that much in
paperwork for you to drop it or is
it a punishment or what?"
Heath countered that the
university did not impose the fee
"as a way of raising money. It was
put in as a way of increasing the
availability of course spaces at a
time when students could use it."
The money will go into the
general university revenue, Heath
said, adding that the registration
appeal committee is open to all
students.
The SFU student society has
opposed the penalties since they
were first voted on by BoG last
semester.
"Our biggest concern is
students who don't have enough
information about a course before
they register for it and if they
don't like it and can't find another
course they will be penalized for
dropping a course," Brent Mueller,
university relations officer for SFU
student society said.

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