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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 8, 1991

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 the Ubyssey
n   We're Bad,
f and
d  We're Back
Founded in 1918 Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, January 8, 1991 Vol 73, No 26 Classifieds 228-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines, 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines, $5.00, additional
lines 75 cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 4:00p.m., two
days before publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 2A7, 228-3977.
T8 CELICA GT. 5 spd. Runs well, rare
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ROOM & BOARD, new home, Kerrisdale.
Own bedroom & bathroom in partial ex-
cha nge for some childcare. 21/2 yr 7 8 months
old, Exp. & references required. 261-8307.
Available immediately.
30 - JOBS
paid daily. $7/hour & tips. Domino's Pizza
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WKst Broadway Medical Office. Flexible
Hrs. Mon.-Sat. Approx 15-20 hrs/wk. 222-
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
Note: "Noon" = 12:30 pm.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Famous Hot Lunch.
Noon. Hillel House.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel. Torah Study with Rabbi
M. Feverstein. Noon. Hillel
Ubyssey staff meeting. Reports
from the National CUP Conference. Noon, SUB 241K.
Gays and Lesbians of UBC.
Discussion Group. Topic: Homosexuality on campus. 4:30-
6:30. SUB 215. All welcome.
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packages. FREE TRIPS AND CASH. Call
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NEW STAFFERS always welcome at THE
UBYSSEY. Learn to write news, to produce
a paper, computer skills and socialize. SUB
had a great trip home to Nfld. Enjoying
production. Looking forward to BBSing with
you. Talk to you soon. Paul.
EDITING SERVICE UBC location. Theses & papers - 3 read throughs minimum.
Call 224-2310 (best after 4pm).
Jewish Student's Association/
Hillel. Operation Exodus on
Campus Kick-off. Noon. Hillel
Engineering Undergrad Society. Rights & Freedoms Forum.
SUB Auditorium. 12:30-2:30.
Production night at The
Ubyssey 4:00'til the wee hours
Student Health. Outreach
Meeting: Student's promoting
Health Education. Planning
Meeting for AIDS Awareness.
For info call Margaret at 228-
7011 or on campus 228-3811.
Noon.  Brock Hall 204.
Graduate Student Society.
Melody Liners (Duo from the
Dots). 8pm. Fireside Lounge,
Grad Centre.
Need the professional touch? ...
have it done for you - you can even book
ahead. $27/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages
of normal text per hour, laser printer.
SUB lower level, across from Tortellini's
Restaurant; 228-5640.
WORD-PROCESSING 2.50/dbl sp. page.
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mainland. 224-2310. (after 4pm).
FIRST CHOICE Word Processing - Quality French a nd Eng. Service - Laser Pri nti ng
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&eves. 274-7750.
Institute of Asian Research. An
exhibit on the Tiananmen
Square Uprising in May 1989.
Coordinarted by Dongqing Wei,
graduate in Oceanography,
UBC. 11 - 4pm, January 12 to
26. Asian Centre Auditorium.
Rally with speakers from
the Arab, Jewish and Native
communities of Vancouver
at Robson Square in front of
the Vancouver Art Gallery.
Noon. Saturaday Jan. 12.
Followed by a march
to the US consulate on
West Georgia
who is 1RAVELCUI5
Canada's National Student Travel Bureau
Why are they
They are owned by students and profits are
reinvested into services for students.
What do they sell?
A whole world of student travel.
Where do you find them?
Student Union Building •  228-6890
Invites Applications for the Position of
These positions are open only to registered U.B.C. students. Successful applicants will be required to live in the Residences. Applications
forms and detailed job descriptions are availalble at the Student
Housing Office, Ponderosa Bldg., and at the Front Desk of each single
student residence area: Totem Park, Place Vanier, Walter Gage and
Fairview Crescent.
6:30 p.m. Thursday, January 10,1991 in the Maclnnes Lounge, in the
Walter Gage Residence commonsblock.
Applications will be accepted from January 2nd to January 18th, J991 at the
Front Desks of the Sing le Student Residences, or at the Student Housing Office.
Discover the
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SPEW YOUR DRIVEL to 15,000 of our country's finest
minds.   Write for The Ubyssey.   Come to SUB 241K.
Microcomputer Classes
Find out the basics of an MS-DOS based computer and what to do and what not to do. Learn
how easy it is to use a word processor to complete your assignments in a professional
manner. OuickStarts, offered by University Computing Services, is a series of hands-on
workshops designed for students (graduates and undergraduates). Each session costs
$7.50, is one-hour long and is held on select Thursdays from 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. over the
Winter Term. Wealsoofferstudentsaccesstoafreemicrocomputerfacility,24-hoursaday.
| QuickStart Schedule for the Winter Term 1991:
MS-DOS for Students - January 24
Using MS-WORD 5.0 to Produce Documents - January 31 and March 7
Intro to Micros for Students - February 7
Using WordPerfect 5.1 to Produce Documents - February 14 and March 14
SAS for Students - February 21
You MUST register for QuickStarts in person, noon - 5 p.m., Mon.-Fri., in the Computer Sciences
I   Building CSCI452 and present your valid UBC student card. Payment must be in cash or cheque, 24
UCS also offers students a 66% discount for all its regular 3 and
6 hour hands-on workshops, and 2 hour seminars. There are a
wide variety of topics. For more complete details on these offerings
and more, pick up our Winter brochure from the UCS receptionist
at CSCI 420 or the PC Support Centre, CSCI 209. Students must
register in person for these workshops and seminars.
UCS Educational Programs
University Computing Services, U.B.C.
consider shared
for professional
• healthy food choices
• surviving residence food
• eating on the run
•cooking lor one
Tuesday, January 8th
Friday, January 11th
12:30-1:15 pm
meets weekly for four weeks at
Students Counselling,
Brock Hall
the next Healthy Eating Clinic
will be Wednesday January 16
th0 Stua»nt Health Outrmacti Program
The University of British Columbia
Frederic Wood Theatre
Our Country's Good
by Timberlake Wertenbaker
Directed by Stephen Malloy
JANUARY 16-26   8 PM
Res. 228-2678
Support Your Campus Theatre
Are You Experiencing
Sexual Difficulties?
The Department of Psychology at the University of British
Columbia is conducting a study directed toward
understanding female sexual response and developing new
methods of treatment for women with sexual dysfunction. If
you are a heterosexual women, 22 years or older, and
currently experiencing low or decreased sexual desire,
decreased sexual arousal, or other sexual difficulties,
please call 228-2998, Mon.-Fri. between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m.
for more information. An honorarium will be paid for
participation. All inquiries will remain strictly confidential.
January 8,1991 NEWS
Board of Governors to slap
students with tuition hike
by Michael Booth
In the spirit of the season,
UBC president David Strangway
gave UBC students a surprise
present last month: tuition fee increases of 10 per cent a year for the
next three years.
Strangway announced on November 30 that tuition would rise
by 4.5 per cent plus inflation for
each of the next three years. With
the current Vancouver consumer
price index (the inflation rate)
pegged at 5.5 per cent, tuition will
swell by at least 10 per cent ayear.
The new fee hikes follow on
the heels of ten and five per cent
jumps in 1989-90 and 1990-91 respectively. Because fee increases
are compounded with each new
hike, UBC tuition fees will rise by
more than 50 per cent over a five
year period.
Although the new tuition hikes
must be ratified by the Board of
Governors later this month before
taking effect next fall, they may be
just the beginning. Tim Bird, student representative to the BoG,
said Strangway had wanted even
more extensive hikes.
"In the initial draft it was going to be a 10 year plan with a 10
per cent ayear increase," Bird said.
"From the first draft to the final
one a lot of things were changed
and the change in the time frame
from 10 years to three years was
probably the most significant
"This proposal is definitely
three years but (AMS president
Kurt Preinsperg) has indicated
that (Strangway) wants to continue
it after three years."
Preinsperg saidhe has always
opposed tuition increases and the
current hikes are no exception.
Preinsperg was particularly upset
about the 1.5 per cent of the increase earmarked for "enhancing
the teaching and learning environment."
"The phrase 'enhance the
teaching and learning environment' needs to be challenged,"
Preinsperg said. "Nothing will be
enhanced after this increase because the money goes to give pay
increases to existing senior faculty
who are already the most highly
"They are calling the transfer
of student money into the bank
accounts of these senior faculty
members "enhancing the teaching
and learning environment.'"
Preinsperg has written
Strangway and challenged the
university president to a public
debate on the issue, a challenge he
said Strangway was "seriously
thinking about." Preinsperg has
also contacted the UBC Faculty
Association and the two staff
unions asking them to make their
positions known.
AMS students council will
consider a motion at Wednesday's
meeting calling for a referendum
question on the issue to be held in
conjunction with the upcoming
AMS executive elections.
Preinsperg said the question would
give the AMS "both guidance and a
clear mandate" in addressing the
tuition hike issue.
The AMS will hold a planning
session in the council chambers
this Wednesday at noon and hopes
toholdarally against the increases
on Wednesday, January 16.
President Strangway could not
be reached for comment.
Students' reactions to hikes mixed
If an informal poll of students in the Student Union
Building Monday night is an indication, UBC students have
conflicting opinions about the
proposed tuition fee increases.
Some students were openly
opposed to the proposed increases.
"If anyone really cares, I
hope they're at the rally," said
Terry Brennan, Arts 4. "I hope
it's more than a couple of hundred, I hope it's more than a
thousand this time."
"Why did they have to raise it?
Didn't they sting us enough last
year?" said Leanne Song, Commerce 4.
Other students looked at the
bigger picture.
"If our education is being
subsidized 80-90 per cent by the
government, we're still getting a
good deal," said Brent Spencer, a
third-year film student. "It sucks
that it's being raised but it's better
than alternatives like private colleges with no subsidies. Then I
couldn't go to school."
"It's an interesting question
because there are already more
people wanting to come to the
university than it can hold," said
James Calvin, Arts 4. They can
afford to have 10 or 15 per cent
drop out."
"I support them if it'll get us
a better education but I'm skeptical," said Dave Monteyne, Arts
And some were just resigned
to their fate.
"There's a tuition hike?" said
a student identified only as Neil.
"Thank God I'm graduating."
Heavy snow fall closes Point Grey campus
Cross-country skis would
Heavy snows back up transit, some bus commuters waited up to two hours for a bus home.
Campus rendered inaccessible to disabled
Perhaps hardest hit by the
recent weather conditions were
UBC's disabled students.
"It's frustrating,", said Disabled Students Association
president Stephen Heaney. "I
think it would be good to see
some of the main walkways
cleared. Making sure ramps are
clear should be a number one
"But if you can't even get to
those ramps, what's the point."
Heaney, who is visually
impaired, said many disabled
students would not come to
campus under such conditions,
and blamed a fear of injury for
not attendingMonday's classes.
UBC spokesperson
Stephen Crombie said, "Everything is being done to clear
the snow, particularly walkways, entrances and ramps for
people with disabilities," but
added "roadways do become a
priority when it's this bad."
No other disabled students
could be reached through the
disabled students office in the
Students Union Building.
Ramps at the building were
covered with ice and buried in
Neither the university administration nor the Disability
Resource Centre provide resources enabling disabled students to attend classes during
have been a faster and safer
means of transportation on
the snow-covered UBC campus Monday.
As it was, the heavy
snowfall kept many students
away from the campus while
others arrived hours late for
their classes.
Late on Monday, UBC
president David Strangway
officially cancelled night
classes, and at 7 am Tuesday
classes were finally, officially
cancelled-Meanwhile, school
districts and colleges across
the lower mainland announced closures Monday
Students trying to leave
campus yesterday waited in
long line-ups as BC Transit
buses crawled through a city
unprepared for the snow
Some students were also
concerned about the treacherous walkways and poorly
maintained roads on campus.
"It was like they weren't
even trying to clear the snow.
The walkways were very
poor. I had difficulty getting
to class," said Dean Ara.
"I had hiking boots on,
and I'm pretty athletic, and
it was still really difficult to
get around. It was slippery
and the walkways were very
However, Stephen
Crombie, a university
spokesperson, said every attempt was made to keep
roads and walkways clear.
"Plant operations
worked all week-end to clear
ramps and walkways,"
Crombie said. He said campus was cleared as of Sunday, but it has been difficult
to keep up with the snow
that has fallen since.
January 8,1991
for your USED
Bring your used books to the
Bookstore & get CASH BACK.   Soft-
|    or hard cover, whether used on
S this campus or not, v^e will buy all
1   current edition titles that have a
resale market value.
Jan. 7 to Jan. 11, 1991
°am - 5pm Mon to Fri only
6200 University Boulevard*2284741
vd s sxooa Q3sn uod hsvd s sxooa a3sn Mod hsvd s s»ooa aasn uch hsvd s s>i
The few, the proud, the Ma...
The few, the proud, The Ubyssey!
(actually, we'd prefer "The many, the proud, The Ubysseyf Drop by SUB 24HC today.)
Have any concerns, questions or suggestions regarding The Ubyssey? Come to
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Contact The Ubyssey or the Ombuds office for meeting times.
111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 MINIMI 11 llll MM Illlllllllllll
January 2-31, 1991
At UBC Bookstore
il/XcIHIJllOIlS • Books, blue tagged merchandise,
computer hardware and software, Josten's rings, postal items,
sale priced items, and special orders.
La Quena:
Crazy wacky funky
by Mark Nielsen
Most people have heard of
"service with a smile"—the time-
worn secret-of success cliche for
the restaurant business, but how
about this for a new twist: "service
with a conscience."
Although the latter may not
be the official slogan of La Quena
Coffeehouse, located at 1111
Commercial Drive, it does operate
on a plane other than that offal sely
glimmering teeth and blind devotion to profit.
Instead, it is as much for
substance as style that money is
spent there. Whatever profit La
Quena generates goes to "community based struggles for equitable
and self-reliant forms of development and for the relief of oppression of human rights abuses," according to the restaurant's donations policy.
Translated, this means patrons of the La Quena will be
helping out people struggling for
land reform and justice in El Salvador, women'srightsin Nicaragua
or democracy in Chile, by simply
buying a cup of coffee.
Although concerned primarily
with causes in Central and South
America, La Quena also reaches
out to other groups, be they working to combat hunger in Africa or
realizing social justice for Native
Indians in BC
Aside from the knowledge that
their hard-earned cash will end up
somewhere other than in the wallet of some overpaid corporate executive, people are drawn to La
Quena for a number of other reasons—especially the music.
Folk is the operative word, but
according to La Quena entertainment coordinator Graham Olds,
anything goes.
"I look for any type of music
because La Quena provides access
for music in the community," he
said. "We don't go for any hardcore
punk or heavy metal, that's not
really conducive to La Quena's atmosphere."
La Quena, which means "The
Flute" in Spanish, has played a
role in the beginnings of such folk
talents as Stephen Fearing, Olds
"Apparently, he couldn't draw
the crowds very well so we used to
double book him, and now if he
came here he'd sell out instantly."
"It just shows that the people
playing here today might be the
folk-stars of the future," he said.
Beinga coffeehouse, La Quena
has a menu. Although basic—
featuring such Latin American
standards as the burrito and the
enchilada—La Quena has its own
special pebre sauce. As well, it also
has an extensive list of coffees.
Above all, however, La Quena
seems to be simply a place to hang
out and talk about such things as
the Frances Street squatters or
the latest on race relations in South
In that sense, said Alex Burton, a student from Halifax who
was travelling through Vancouver
over the winter break, La Quena is
"It's a community in a restaurant," he said. "You get a sense
here that people know each other.
It's open and informal and it's open
to participation. They ask you to
come and help us out.
"In cities, you don't have a
community. People need places to
go to and our society doesn't provide
that so people create places like
Leanne Adachi, a regular
customer who lives nearby, said
La Quena "epitomizes the lifestyle
of the Drive."
"There's usually a certain type
of people who hang out at each
Politically correct people drink ethical coffee elaine Griffith photo
Meet politically correct people and be stifled by
their pretentiousness.
SUB 241K
January 8,1991 liillll
Shortage of new profs in the future
by Karen Hill
Canadian University Press
Canadian universities used
to be preoccupied with the so-
called brain drain: professors
fleeing to the United States for
greater prestige, higher salaries
and more research money. These
days the educational community
is consumed by a new concept:
brain death. Fully one-third of
Canada's faculty positions will be
vacant by the year 2000, and
academics are worried there won't
be enough qualified replacements.
For a country concerned about
its "world-class" status, this figure
gives an alarming glimpse into
the future of education. Universities across the nation have been
complaining about overcrowding
and underfunding since the expansion of the late 1960s and early
1970s ground to a halt. Add to this
the new wrinkle of "understaffing"
and prospects look grim.
There is no single problem
facing the academic community.
Inadequate government funding,
increasing enrolment, mass retirements, and few PhDs remaining in academe all create a picture
of a brain whose synapses just
aren't firing.
As an aging faculty approaches retirement, educators
are saying there simply aren't
enough qualified staff to fill the
vacant jobs. Death and jobs abroad
are also snatching up Canada's
brightest minds. And on top of all
of that, dramatic increases in enrolment are predicted for the latter half of the decade, creating a
demand for more teachers, not
just replacements.
"We've got a situation where
eight to ten years ago, the student
to faculty ratio was 15 to 1," says
Bob Kanduth, communications
director for the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations. "Now the comparable
figure is 20-1. There is an imme di -
ate need for more faculty to bring
it back up to former levels."
Student enrolment is the one
variable that took most people by
surprise. Because the number of
18 to 24 year-olds is declining,
planners expected enrolment to
take a comparable dive. But with
the job market becoming more
competitive, students are flocking
to universities to get the degree
that will make them more attractive to employers.
In 1978/79, there were
367,780 full-time students in
Canada and 32,645 full-time professors. However, in 1988/89, the
number of full-time students grew
to 499,359 compared to 36,301 full-
time university teachers. And as
enrolment takes off, even more
professors are needed to educate
By 1997, there will be approximately four candidates for
every five jobs if staffing remains
at current levels, according to a
report by OCUFA. And, it states,
that could force universities to
cap enrolment, or even worse, close
up shop altogether.
Educators predict the problems will accelerate by the late
1990s and—if current hiring
practices continue—the student
to professor ratio will continue to
grow. In the last 10 years, the
number of students has increased
by 30 per cent, while the number
of professors has grown by only 10
per cent.
The money to create addi-
tionaljobsis not forthcoming. Base
funding from both federal and
provincial governments has been
in a steady decline since the late
1970s, effectively halting the creation ofnewfaculty positions. Itis
also keeping salaries low at a time
when both the private sector and
government can offer higher
and bet-
ter benefits.
s i t i e s
are  not
v a
t h
were," says Robert
n a
e y
Fully one third of Canada's
faculty positions will be vacant by the year 2000, and
academics are worried there
won't be enough qualified replacements.
Davidson, a
policy analyst at the Association
of Universities and Colleges of
Canada. And that's making it difficult for schools to attract, but
more importantly, retain professors. Higher salaries and superior research support in the private sector and at American
schools are making Canadian faculty positions decidedly lackluster.
During the boom years, Canadian universities hired professors from the US to fill positions.
But now American universities
are facing a similar shortage, hindering Canada's chances to lure
teachers and researchers away.
Not only that, schools from the
United States may start to recruit
more aggressively in Canada, as
they have in Britain.
"We have a sister country with
a system 10 times greater than
ours," says Paul Davenport, University of Alberta president.
"Canada may become a net exporter of PhDs."
Arthur May, president of Memorial University in Newfoundland and former president of the
Natural Science and Engineering
Research Council, agrees.
"When the competition starts,
we're going to lose. In the last two
years, the winners of Nobel prizes
were Canadians working in the
* * * * *
Although academic forecasters are predicting serious problems at the turn of the century,
some faculties have already hit a
crisis point. Business administration, engineering, computer
science and nursing are all facing
a shortage of qualifiedinstructors.
"There's a problem now, not
in ten years," says Robert Leger, a
lobbyist for the Canadian Association of University Teachers.
And "if in those fields the need
remains the same, and we don't
produce enough PhDs, we have a
But these faculties aren't the
only ones in trouble. In 1986/87,
about 22 per cent of engineering
faculty was over the age of 55,
while the number was slightly
higher for the humanities, Leger
says. Coupled with the fact that
the number of humanity degrees
awarded since 1970 hasn't risen
dramatically, this particular discipline is in for a rough time.
"It looks as if the humanities
will be hardest hit because there
has not been enough hiring—not
enough new blood coming in,"
Leger says. While figures for the
humanities have remained fairly
static, enrolment in the social sciences has grown by leaps and
bounds in the last 20 years.
All is not lost, he adds. He is
careful to emphasize that these
gloomy predictions are based on
the current funding trends. If
government policy suddenly
the whole
could be
1 m
not predicting a
It all de-
       pends on
we do something or not. We are
not doomed. To predict the end of
the world would be foolish," Leger
"I don't think anybody has a
grasp of what could happen with
the student population in the next
20 years."
Although all Canadian
schools are going to be affected by
the shrinking number of faculty
members, different regions will
have unique problems. Smaller
provinces, like Prince Edward Island, may lay claim to being the
hardest hit, but larger provinces,
such as Ontario, argue they'll be
hurt most in terms of sheer numbers. And Quebec appears to have
its own distinctive spin on the
According to OCUFA, Ontario
is going
to suffer     	
O n e -
third of
all full-
time Ca-	
faculty teach and conduct research
in the province. However if exam-
inedfrom another perspective, the
nation's smallest province could
be worst off.
"PEI might be the hardest
hit," says Leger. "If you lose too
many teachers, they are going to
suffer more because they have only
one university."
And Davenport says it is impossible for any region to avoid
damage unless there is a massive
change in funding. "There's no way
any region can insulate itself. The
one difference may be French language schools." But, he says, they
still face a threat. Future
francophone faculty will most
likely speak English, making them
marketable to anglophone schools
throughout North America.
Jacques L'Ecuyer, the vice-
president of academics at the
Universite du Quebec, disagrees.
He says francophone schools in
Quebec have a large pool of talent
from which to draw. Cultural factors play a role in keeping professors in the province, he adds.
"If you look at the market for
French-speaking professors, you'll
find we have quite a good reservoir," he says. "The problem is not
as acute as we thought it would
Death and jobs abroad are
snatching up Canada's
brightest minds.
"Quebec tends to be able to
keep its well educated professors.
French Canadians tend to stay
within their own communities. If
you decide to quit Quebec for another university you have to decide whether you want" to live in
an English environment. He says
the mobility factor doesn't have
as great an effect in Quebec as it
does in English Canada.
Ontario, however, may have
more of a struggle ahead. In 1985,
after much urging by OCUFA, the
province implemented a Faculty
Renewal Fund. This pool of money
was supposed to create 500 new,
tenure-stream positions over a five
year period. But, according to
Kanduth, the plan only "renewed"
by replacement, rather than creating new positions. He says universities are probably doing "a lot
of creative book-keeping" and diverting the money to capital expenditures, rather than creating
new positions.
"We had originally planned
for it to create new positions, but
they (universities) tended to use
the money to bring female faculty
into tenure-stream positions," he
says. Now, OCUFA is pushing for
a "faculty growth fund" which will
actually create new faculty jobs,
he adds.
Not only are these new positions likely to remain the stuff of
dreams, existing faculty is going
to remain dominated by white
men. Women compose only 17.5
per cent of faculty, according to a
1986/87 Statistics Canada study.
And doctoral programs are going
to continue to be the domain of
white males unless changes are
made, says Davi d Trotm an, former
Race and Ethnic Relations Officer
at York
it has
been the
of a job" that has kept women and
people of colour from pursuing a
PhD, he says. In addition, "programs are too traditional. There
are new kinds of academic concerns that are given short shrift.
"We need to rethink the content, and the way the content is
presented" so that it isn't from an
exclusively white, Western perspective, he adds. But that is long-
term planning, and immediate
action is necessary. Trotman says
bridging programs have to be developed, recruitment must be aggressive and special scholarships
tailored    to    attract    under-
epresented groups.
A similarity all regions share
is the need for immediate action.
Academics across the country
agree steps have to be taken now
in order to avert a crisis farther
down the line. But in light of the
funding cuts to post-secondary
education under the federal Tories, it doesn't seem like any money
is going to be channelled toward
the creation of new positions.
In general, a number of measures need to be implemented to
avert a widespread shortage, says
Davenport. "We need to increase
fundingfor doctoral students from
federal and provincial grant pro
grams. There's very little being
done on this right now."
May echoes this view, saying
in particular that more attention
needs to be focused on the potential crisis. He advocates increasing resources for PhDs and attracting more high school students, particularly women, to science and engineering.
"Before we say we should do
this, we should do that, there
should be a little more study,"
says Leger. "This good work that
is being started should continue."
And, he adds, experts in demographics and education need to
come up with a blueprint for
Educators all agree the prognosis appears bleak, but the outcome isn't inevitable. Most believe
that it is a question of commitment to post-secondary education
on the part of both levels of government. As Davenport says, "The
big issue of public policy is what
kind of political will do we have?"
January 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/5 Feeling the post-Christmas
money blues??
Buy your books at the
AMS Used Bookstore
and save! (or, sen your
books & make some cash!*)
January 7 -18,1991
8:00 am-5:00 pm
SUB Room 119
January 8 - 25,1991
8:00 am-5:00 pm
SUB Room 125
* 20% handling fee on all books sold.
Hours subject to change without notice,
Canada's best motorcycle show.
seminars and videos at Motorcycle
Theatre featuring stuntman Bob Duffy
and other celebrities.
pre-season buys on motorcycles and
EXCITING. Meet December
1990 Playboy Playmate Morgan Fox.
THRILLING. Be the first to see
the 1991 motorcycles and accessories
from BMW, Harley Davidson, Honda,
Kawasaki, Suzuki, and Yamaha.
The Food & Forum Buildings, P.N.E.
2PM-10PM Adult Admission $6.50
10AM-10PM Junior(6-14) $2.50
10AM-5PM Family (2 adults/2 juniors)       $16.00
Children, 5 and under FREE
'All admission prices include G.S.T.
You could take home a motorcycle
from BMW, Harley Davidson,
Kawasaki or Yamaha.
Outdoor Canada
ie Sportsmen's Shows
Neon replaces oils in
Gallery Lounge
The Gallery Lounge in the
SUB underwent a face-lift over the
winter break to suit changing times
and the financial needs ofthe AMS.
Citing decreasing revenue and
problems with art exhibits, AMS
Food and Beverage manager Kate
Gibson decided to change the look
ofthe Gallery Lounge.
"Its not as busy as it used to
be. Its just time for a change," she
said. "It certainly isn't to make it
more like the Pit, but certainly
there are people who go to the Pit
who would never go to the Lounge.
I think with TVs and dart boards it
is going to appeal to a few more
Gibson also addressed recent
problems with exhibits in the Gallery. The whole thing with the art
shows is that no one wants to show
there and if they do its pretty awful," she said.
The changes have included
neon beer signs, framed posters,
TVs to show sporting events, dart
boards, and footstools.
Liquor prices have come down
and are now the same as the Pit's,
but food will cost more to cover the
Student reaction to the
changes is mixed.
Colin Maycock, a fifth year
Arts student, was happy that the
price of beer had come down. "The
AMS shouldn't be afucking money-
making corporation. It should be
catering to students and providing
cheap services," he said.
Ernie Stelzer, also a student,
was not happy with the changes
however. He felt that the changes
detracted from the quiet, conversational atmosphere ofthe Lounge,
one of the few comfortable places
students had to go and hang out.
"It really sucks."
UBC Student Counselling
& Resources Centre
Room 200, Brock Hall ♦ 228-3811
January Workshop Schedule
All workshops are from 12:30 -1:20
January 10/24 Study Skills Strategies
January 11 Motivation
January 14 Skills for Academic Success
January 15 Goal Setting
January 17 Decision Making
January 18 Procrastination
January 21 Time Management
January 22 Surviving Relationship Breakup
January 25 Stress Busters
January 28 Coping strategies for Disabled Students
January 29 Career Search Strategies
January 31 Overcoming Test Anxiety
January Films
Wednesday Noon 12:30 ■ 1:20
January 9 Interview Skills
January 16 Alive and Well (Stress Management)
January 23 To a Safer Place (Incest Survival)
January 30 Everything to Live For (Suicide)
Preregistration Required (Limited Enrollment)
For more information or to register for these workshops call 228-3811.
Watch this space for news on February's workshops.
January 8,1991 Student Court rules
BBQ vote invalid
by Mark Nielsen
Four months after the event
was held, Student Court ruledthat
the resolutions passed at the controversial AMS Special General
Meeting last September are invalid.
The ruling came on Monday,
January 7, after a four hour court
In announcingthe ruling, chief
justice Davi d Wotherspoon sai d the
basis ofthe decision rested on the
failure of the AMS to prove that
those attending the meeting were
students at UBC.
"The basis of being 19 (the
mi nimum age required to take part
in the barbecue) is not a sufficient
basis for deciding who are active
members," Wotherspoon said.
Although a crowdlarge enough
to reach quorum (2500 people) was
present at the SGM, a valid and
current UBC student card was not
required for people to gain admittance to the site.
Instead, identification was
limited to determining which entrants were over 19 years old, who
were then given "wristbands" to
designate who was of legal drinking age.
The SGM was held during a
break between two bands playing
at the barbecue, held on September 7 at Mclnnes Field.
In announcing the ruling of
the seven-person judiciary,
Wotherspoon added that a more
complete list ofthe reasons behind
the decision will be released within
two weeks.
In addition to discrepancies
over quorum, prosecutors Mary
Ainslie and Joshua Sohn argued
that the method of voting—oral
shouts of "yes" or "no"—was inappropriate.
Ainslie said "resolutions could
have been passed on by who was
the loudest, not necessarily by the
largest group."
Ainslie and Sohn also argued
that there was no opportunity for
students to speak at the meeting;
that minutes were not taken; and
that the AMS had no authority to
act upon the resolutions that were
AMS president Kurt
Preinsperg said he agrees with the
ruling even though it effectively
means the end of SGMs.
"Unless you start controlling
much more tightly who can leave
and who can enter the barbecue, I
see no chance whatsoever,"
Preinsperg said.
The AMS will have to rely on
referendums, which have had
trouble attracting quorum in the
past, to carry through such actions
as making changes to the codes
and bylaws, increasing student
fees, and undertaking capital
projects, he said.
Agreeing the chaos accompanying the SGM made the ruling a
foregone conclusion, Preinsperg
said nonetheless that it was important student court address the
"It was important to have an
impartial body clear the air and
make sure there was no suspicion
of anything being messed up," he
Vancouver police surveying their handiwork
Squatting: public and publicized
by Martin Chester
The Frances Street squats
have been destroyed, but the community lives on.
On November 27, 1990 close
to 100 well-armed police arrested
30 members ofthe squatting community and destroyed the houses
they had been inhabiting for ten
months. A dozen squatters were
charged with mischief and obstructing a police officer after being held over night in the
Vancouver City lock-up. They will
face those charges in court on
January 18.
According to squatter Keith
Chu, the community is still together.
"The bonds were formed on
Frances Street, but the community has survived that particular
location," Chu said.
One of the priorities of the
community has been to broadcast
their own message. A pair of West
German veterans of the Berlin
squatting movement have produced a 50 minute video on the
squats, including television news
footage ofthe police action against
the squats, interviews of the
squatters and candid coverage of
the debates between squatters.
Another project is a book to
document the Frances Street
Chu, who is co-editing the
project with another squatter
Corinne Bjorge, said the book
would be in an oral format, consisting of interviews with members of the community. The book
will not be organized chronologically, but on an issue basis.
"This is an opportunity for us
to talk about the things the mainstream media couldn't deal with,"
Chu said.
Chu saidmanyissuessurfaced
at the squats, including levels of
resistance and the presence of a
drug pusher, which were dealt with
by the community.
The pusher was not considered a member of the community
and was asked to leave. "A lot of
debate was on how to make him
leave," Chu said.
Many of those involved in the
Frances Street squats will be
opening a new, public squat in the
next few weeks, although they are
not releasing any information at
this time.
According to Chu there are
two types of squats: underground
and public.
"An underground squat hopes
to survive by nobody noticing it. A
public squat hopes to survive by
everybody noticing it, by inviting
supporters to come down and by
hoping to make it a political issue,"
Chu said. The publicity will deter
both politicians and the police.
tationery & Supplies
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Reg. Price    SALE PRICE
All Calculators* 20% Off
♦Excluding HP48SX and HP 28S
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HP48SX    Reg. $429.00 $38600
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Except sale merchandise
All Sale
Priced Clothing
With Red Stickers
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its & Graphics
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ens & Gifts
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20% Off
These Back to School specials
and other specials are
at UBC Bookstore
January 1 to 31, 1991
While quantities last.
6200 University Boulevard«228-4741
January 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/7 Sal© ®°*^§©(ig?
Autonomy now!
The Ubyssey is campaigning to become an independent society separate from the A.M.S.. As your
student publication, part of our mandate is to
provide accurate and unrestricted coverage of
issues and events concerning the A.M.S.. This
includes critically reporting on council and the
executive, who are the publishers and financial
backers of this paper. It makes no more sense
than it would for the federal government to
publish the Globe and Mail.
An independent Ubyssey would be responsible to
the students, not under the thumb of the A.M.S..
Support Ubyssey autonomy.
Defend freedom of the press.
4:30 to 10:00 pm
NOW>FRIDAYS 4:30 to 11:00 pm
1738 West Mall, U.B.C.     228-5021     Next to Asian Centre
Wednesday. Jan. 9
12:30 PM
Torah Study Group
With Rabbi M. Feuerstein
Thursday. Jan. 10
12:30 PM
Get the current facts on
Soviet Jewry.
' Video and presentation
■ l^ttl^U.IOlL
House is located on the North side of SUB next to the parkade. Tel: 224-4748
DND attacks campuses
by Andy Riga
OTTAWA (CUP) — As campus
peace activists intensify their antiwar protests across the country,
Canada's Armed Forces are stepping up their efforts to attract
students to "live the adventure" of
the military.
The Armed Forces are spending close to $300,000 on advertising directed at students this year,
25 per cent more than in 1989.
But Canada's involvement in
the Persian Gulf has nothing to do
with the increase, according to
Capt. Bob Ascah, who is in charge
of the forces' advertising nationwide. The money was allocated long
before Iraq invaded Kuwait in August, he said.
He said the main reason more
money is being pumped into campus media is that, although applications are up 20 per cent this
year, fewer applicants are coming
from universities and colleges.
"We're hurting in some of our
officer classifications which require, for the most part, university
education," Ascah said.
"The military is becoming very
technically-oriented and the old
days of just taking a grade eight
drop-out in off the street just
doesn't cut it anymore."
He said the military also wants
to change its image.
"We're trying to raise our visibility on campus," Ascah said. "We
want students to realize that
there's more to the military than
crawling through the mud with a
He also noted that the forces'
total ad budget has decreased this
year—from $5.8 million last year
to $4.25 million.
But peace activists are calling
for drastic cuts in military spending,
which this year amounted to $12.4
billion. In November, Prime Minister Brian Mul-oney announced that
$350 million would be added to the
budget ofthe Department of National
Defence (DND) to help pay for
Canada's $90-million-a-month gulf
Pam Frache ofthe University of
Victoria's anti-war coalition said
students have a vested interest in
forcing cuts to the DND budget.
Frache said Mulroney's recent
announcement shows the government has skewed priorities. She
pointed to transfer payments—
money used by the provinces to pay
for health care, welfare and post-
secondary education—which will be
cut by $3.2 billion over the next five
years thanks to the Tories' Bill C-69.
"There's not enough money for
post-secondary education (so why is)
there enough to pour money into the
forces in the gulf?"
DND's effort to reach students
may be hampered by some student
newspapers. At least 16 papers
boycott their ads and the list is growing.
The University of Ottawa's student newspaper, The Fulcrum,
joined the boycott November 23.
"We've been talking about it for
a while, and the Persian Gulf standoff
pushed it over the edge," said The
Fulcrum's production manager,
Vince Laplante. "It's hypocritical for
us to try to promote social change
and take these ads at the same time."
Campus student groups have
been organizing protests and teach-
ins this fall, and many of them took
part in anti-war demonstrations
November 24 in cities across the
David Thompson ofthe Canadian Peace Alliance said he
expects more students to be out
in the streets protesting as the
January 15 United Nations
deadline approaches. The U.N.
Security Council decided November 29 to authorize the use
of force against Iraq if it does not
pull out of Kuwait by mid-
"We had hoped that once the
Cold War ended, more money
would be channelled into other
areas," said Thompson, who is a
philosophy professor at Memorial University in St. John's.
He noted that up to 30 per
cent ofthe sailors in the Persian
Gulf are from Newfoundland,
which has only two per cent of
Canada's population. That figure
is directly related to the
provi nce's poor economy and high
unemployment rate, he said.
"As in any war, it's the poor
who will end up dying."
Thompson's theory was
supported by figures that show
Atlantic Canada—which is being
hurt the most by the recession—
has the highest increase in volunteers in the country.
Lt.-Col. Jean-Pierre
Beaulne, who administers
Armed Forces recruiting centres
across the country, said applications are up 50 per cent in the
Atlantic over the past six months.
Nationally, Beaulne said,
the increase was 20 per cent,
with the biggest increase coming
in August, when the military's
involvement in the Oka standoff
and the Persian Gulf crisis was
in the headlines.
Women lobby for gun laws
by Heidi Modro
MONTREAL (CUP) — Students
at the Universite de Montreal,
where 14 women were murdered
last Dec. 6, have vowed to continue
pushingfor tougher gun laws, even
though the federal Tory government withdrew its own proposed
gun control law last week.
Heidi Rathjen, an Ecole
Polytechnique graduate, says she
and a group of students are planning to go on a media speaking
tour and to start a letter-writing
campaign to local MPs after Bill C-
80 was yanked off the parliamentary floor last week.
"It's appalling that the government would kill its own bill two
weeks before the anniversary of
the Dec. 6 massacre," said Ratjen,
who has been lobbying for stiffer
gun control laws since last year.
"It just goes to prove howquickly
politicians forget." •
Rathjen was one ofthe student
organizers who got 550,000 people
nationwide to sign a petition demanding the government ban all
automatic and semi-automatic
weapons owned by individuals.
"I was naive enough to think the
government would listen to the will
of the people," she said. "They (the
gun lobby) had more money and more
power so they won."
The bill would have restricted
the purchase of specific military-type
automatic weapons and certain
parts. It would also have made getting licences for other types of
weapons more difficult. Rathjen said
she felt the bill didn't go far enough
in banning guns. But, she said, she
did think it was a step in the right
"Ideally, I would like to see all
gunsgotten rid of," she said. "But
I know that's unrealistic. I know
there are a lot of hunters and
riflemen who want to practice
shooting as a sport."
A House of Commons committee is now attempting to work
out a compromise gun control
In the meantime, Canadians will have to pay with their
lives so that a small minority
can continue practising a lei sure
sport, said Wendy Cukier, a
spokesperson for Canadians for
Gun Control, a Toronto-based
gun control lobby group.
"There are about 1,400
people a year who are killed by
guns either through accidents,
suicides, or murders," Cukier
said. "How much longer do they
(government officials) want to
drag this on for?"
UNBC chooses eastern
president and remote site
by Rick Hiebert
The new University of Northern British Columbia now has a
president and a place to call home.
The Prince George-based
^university, expected to open in the
fall of 1992, has hired GeoffWeller,
academic vice-president of
Lakehead University in Thunder
Bay, Ont., as its new president.
UNBC has also selected a site
for its cam pus, in the Prince George
suburb of Cranbrook Hills, in the
south-west outskirts of town.
"Weller comes from a small
university in Ontario. His perspective is familiar with the frustrations and problems of a university located far from the politi
cal centre of power," said Murray
Sadler, chair ofthe UNBC Board of
Sadler said another plus for
Weller was his involvement with the
Association of Polar Universities, an
international group for northern
"He's highly qualified and understands northern concerns," Sadler
The new UNBC president is
excited about his new responsibilities. Weller hopes to have the university running some programs in
September 1992.
"Well try to meet the needs of
the region, not only in degrees, but in
research designed to solve the prob
lems that the region has," Weller
Weller said he wants to talk
to colleges in the region about
the possibility of sharing programs and facilities. He hopes
UNBC will also use the Open
Learning Institute, B.C.'s television education system.
"It has to develop in stages,"
Weller said. "This is going to be
a regional university, a force in
the area."
The next hurdle UNBC will
have to clear is arranging to have
roads, and sewage, water and
electrical lines put through to
the new site. It's estimated this
will cost $10 million.
January 8,1991 CUP NEWS
Trent U. sued
by Peter Waal
OTTAWA (CUP) — The Ontario
Human Rights Commission has
launched a complaint alleging
Trent University discriminates
against physically challenged
Arthur Horn, a representative of Trent University Supportive Education (TUSE), a campus
group representing physically
challenged students, said the
complaint stems from charges that
the university does not meet the
needs of the physically challenged.
TUSE had considered
launching a lawsuit against the
university, but is now letting the
commission handle the complaint.
"The university has caused a
lot of problems," Horn said. "We've
n egoti ate d wi th them for two years
and they've said "oh yeah, oh
This is the first time the
commission has initiated a complaint against a university.
Susan Wheeler, director of
communications for Trent, said
the complaint will "pre-occupy the
university with defending itself.
"Why has the commission chosen to single out Trent in particular?" she asked. "We all receive our
funding from the same place. And
it's not just a matter of dynamiting
Wheeler saiduniversities need
more support from the province in
order to provide the services
physically challenged students require.
The complaint names the
Ministry of Colleges and Universities as a co-respondent.
Wheeler supported the inclusion of the ministry as co-respondent, but said the nature of the
complaint brings up connotations
of a "sweatshop operation."
"The implication is that we're
uncooperative and oblivious to
human rights. We're not in this
category. Trent is not recalcitrant
towards the idea of providing better access and programs for disabled students."
The complaint became public
when the CBC-produced program
"Disability Network" aired a report on the issue November 17.
Universities answer
sexism charges
by Matthew Lawrence
WINNIPEG(CUP)—After a wait
of almost a year, Manitoba's universities are responding formally
to charges that they discriminate
against women.
In briefs filed with the
Manitoba Human Rights Commission, both the University of
Manitoba and Brandon University
deny they are guilty of systemic
The institutions are the first
of Manitoba's four universities to
respond to a complaint filed last
January 11 by a coalition of students, faculty and staff.
The complaint alleged that
underrepresentation of women on
faculty, the absence of adequate
day care, and examples of harassment and sexism on campus
amount to systemic discrimination against women by the institutions. It is the first complaint to
allege systemic discrimination
against women in Manitoba.
Bob Raeburn, director of
university relations at the University of Manitoba, said that
while U of M is denyingthe charge,
it does recognize that there are
"I think there may be some
historical (factors)," he said. But,
he added, the U of M has been
working on its employment equity
programs and hiring procedures.
Michele Pujol, one of the
complainants and past chair of
the women's studies program at
the U of M, said she feels the
university is not taking the issue
"It's very disappointing that
the university is taking this position. It would have been better if
they would have at least recognized some of the problems and
earnestly gone to work to solve
"To suggest that systemic
discrimination does not exist is a
fantasy," said a spokesperson for
the U of M women's centre.
"It is very real and has a profound effect on the lives of all
women. Until the administration
is prepared to address it realistically and make significant changes
at the university it will continue to
undermine women's participation
in the university and the world at
Another complainant, Dianne
McGifford, a former teacher at the
University of Winnipeg, said she is
unhappy with both universities'
"It seems to me that at best
they suggest ignorance of what
systemic discrimination is and at
worst they suggest wilful blindness of what it is," McGifford said.
Mier Serfaty, vice-president
academic at Brandon University,
said that although Brandon is also
denying the charges of discrimination, formulatingaresponse was
"It made a lot of people think
about things perhaps more than
they would have otherwise, and it
also made it clear what we have
achieved and perhaps what may
lie ahead of us."
In defence of the university,
Serfaty said none ofthe complainants was students or staff at Brandon, and pointed to a new campus
sexual harassment policy. The
university has also recently implemented a women's studies curriculum.
Agnes Grant, director of the
Brandon University Northern
Teacher Education program, said
she hopes the complaint will encourage more improvements.
"What (Brandon) has done is not so
wonderful. It's only what all other
Canadian universities did years
Sharon Wickman, a spokesperson for the human rights commission, said after all four universities have submitted their responses the commission's investigation will begin. The commission
has the authority to order mandatory equity programs, she said.
Marsha Hanen, president of
the University of Winnipeg, said
the university expects to file its
response by mid-December.
A College Universitaire de St.
Boniface representative confirmed
that institution has submitted its
response, but would not comment
on it.
"Public golf course, everyone welcome"
5 minutes from campus
A panel of experts
developed the ultimate
fun trivia contest that pits
your skill and knowledge
against other players
here in our place and
players all across the
For the first time in
history, you can actually
interact with live TV
football games via
satellite right here.
Compete with other
players here and
nationally by anticipating
live quarterback plays.
Other features of the University Golf Club
Westpoint dining room for lunch
Christmas office parties
Banquets, meetings
Reserve now for our "New Year's Eve Bash"
Thunderbird Bar & Grill open from 7:30 am to midnight
5185 UNIVERSITY BLVD  •   228-7799
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January 8,1991
Liberal burnout goes to Hollywood
by Harold Gravelsins
Yankee liberalism is dead.
Bleeding-hearted, self-
righteous, social-crusading
Yankee liberalism is dead. Long
live Yankee liberalism.	
The Bonfire Of The Vanities
Dunbar, Vancouver Centre
In the wake of the demise of
the liberal myth of legislating a
just society into existence
through welfare and civil rights
advocacy, like a fly to excrement
comes Hollywood, mucking about
the pathetic entrails of an
erstwhile mainstream ideology to
see what sort of entertainment
value can be scavenged. The
Bonfire Of The Vanities is one
Tom Hanks plays the role of
Sherman McCoy, a very successful bond dealer and consequently
self-styled "master ofthe
universe" in the heyday of
Reagan-deregulated, junk bond-
dealing Wall Street, whose house
of cards gets knocked down by
his mistress's impulsive driving.
The movie climaxes with
Sherman making the biggest
moral decision faced by any
character in the movie: whether
to save his skin by lying under
oath after being betrayed by his
mistress, scape-goated by the
district attorney, tried and
convicted by the media, and
harassed by a cynical, authoritarian preacher and his subservient flock. In the interlude
between the criminal charge
being laid against him and the
rendering of the verdict,
Sherman loses his marriage and
his job. I think Sherman makes
the right decision. So does this
father, for that matter.
In the end, according to the
journalist-narrator Peter Fallow,
(Bruce Willis) Sherman loses
everything and fades into
invisibility but gains his soul.
Fallow, on the other hand, who
builds his success upon the
Sherman McCoy episode, admits
to losing his soul but being
happy with the recompense of
celebrity and material fortune.
Their positions in Reagan's
America switch, with an appar
ent zero net effect in terms of
aggregate gains and losses of
social status and material
There is, however, more here
than a mere shuffling ofthe
deck. Some of the cards fall out
of the deck and into the shredder. Pervading the script is the
carnage of Yankee liberalism
decimated by resurgent conservatism under the Reagan
presidency. Investigative
journalism has debased itself
into cheap, circulation-driven
sensationalism. Religious
crusaders in the ghetto manipulate scripture, the history of
racial victimization and even the
harmony of gospel singing to
perpetrate self-aggrandizing
financial scams. Public advocacy
has rendered itself into crass
political packaging aimed at
ethnic voters. The ideals of social
justice have been reduced to
aspirations for obtaining a multi-
million dollar legal settlement on
any pretext whatsoever.
Meanwhile, the movie gives
us glimpses into the wretched
material condition ofthe poor
and parodies the decadence of
the rich with unflinching
savagery. Yet the only reason the
world of the rich and the world of
the poor come to be connected in
the plot is because ofthe momentary lapse of someone's driving
skills. Nothing lasting nor
substantial appears to relate
affluence and deprivation.
The implication is that
without the likes of Sherman
and his unfortunate choice of a
mistress, the rich might be able
to ignore the poor completely.
The current thinking on how to
deal with poverty is to steer clear
ofthe poor side of town and
simply not think about it.
The vindication of this
narrow attitude is perhaps what
is most important and most
disturbing about The Bonfire Of
The Vanities. Liberal ideals of
social justice were only recently
the basis of aspirations to unite
people of conscience across class
and ethnic barriers. The Bonfire
Of The Vanities presents these
ideals in a pathetic and ridiculous light as hollow rhetoric
mouthed by cretinous frauds.
Liberal ideals might have
crumbled as the ideology informing American public policy. With
them have crumbled the bridges
over which a great social movement marched only a short while
ago towards the New Jerusalem.
But this ideology did not
break down simply under the
weight of theoretical inconsistency. Phenomena such as the
widening gap in income distribution and the alleged disappearance ofthe middle class point out
the greatest opponents of Yankee
liberalism--the wealthy. Besides
property, their biggest asset is
widespread acceptance ofthe
idea that massive, entrenched
inequalities are normal and
ought not to be resisted.
The success ofthe conservative agenda can be measured by
the depth of public pessimism
concerning the possibilities of
significant progressive change.
The Reagan legacy of mass
apathy and elite enrichment will
be with us for some time. Long
live Reagan. Long live
Mulroney's GST. The nightmare
is not just Sherman's McCoy's.
George Morfitt. FCA, Auditor General of British Columbia
Watchdog of the public purse. The man our
provincial government is accountable to on all fiscal
His clients are B.C.'s taxpayers. His job is to make
certain the province's $ 13 billion budget is spent
economically and efficiently.   "
The responsibility is enormous. But George excels
at turning challenging assignments into successful and
rewarding opportunities.
He has worked in many areas of business finance,
which led to his previous position as Vice-President and
Chief Financial Officer of The Diamond Group of Companies. He's been Chairman of the University        y   -jf   \
of British Columbia's Board of Governors and        Af ^
the Universities Council of B.C. A municipal L.     _
alderman. President of the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C. And inductee to the province's Sports
Hall of Fame.
George's CA has opened many of those doors.
"You can use the discipline, training and approach gained
from your professional designation to take leadership
roles throughout the fabric of Canadian society."
George Morfitt, CA and public watchdog.
If you're looking for a career with multiple
opportunities, write the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C.
Our standards are higher.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
1133 Melville Street. Vancouver, B.C. V6E 4E5
Telephone: (604)681-3264 Toll-free 1-800-663-2677
Geome Morfitt's CA
introduced him to
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Liberate yourself
at The Ubyssey
SUB 241K
January 8,1991 Women and the misery ofbootcamp
by Heather Prime
Scuttlebutt is a
account of Jana Williams's
experiences in the purgatory
known also as the US Navy
bootcamp for women.
It is a coming-of-age
story that traces every thought
and precision marching step of
the main character from her
home in sunny Arizona to the
cold, wet misery ofbootcamp,
and back out again into what is
hopefully a kinder and gentler
Jana L. Williams
Press Gang Publishers
Scuttlebutt, Williams'
first novel, however, is more
than a tale of one woman's
maturity. It is also an exposure
ofthe hypocrisy that saturates a
top-heavy, privileged organization such as the US Navy.
Scuttlebutt (military
slang for gossip) takes place
during the Vietnam War when a
woman is "safe from the draft in
her femaleness." Military service
is a woman's choice, and Williams' characters represent a
variety of positions in society
from which women choose to
enter the
navy. Furthermore, differences
in colour or sexual orientation
are treated as serious liabilities
or, in the case of homosexuality,
criminal offences.
Through the author's
eyes you gradually learn that the
navy is no more than a micro-
Weston who is simply too naive
too often. Even Williams feels
the need to defend her character:
"She knew innuendo
when she heard it. She was not
that dumb."
Weston's plea for
leniency, however, does not
Williams vividly evokes the sense of
claustrophobia and isolation that
JSivnewy comprises a recruits' training...
navy, as
is viewed
as a means of escaping the
limitations of society, whether
they be sexism, racism or
However, it does not
prove to be such a liberating
experience. Whether it be
dubious uniform requirements or
the ingrained prejudices that
restrict women recruits from
attending their schools of choice,
or even sexual assault, sexism in
its many forms pervades the
cosm of society which incorporates, and even regulates,
discrimination. Williams generally writes about these sensitive
social issues with care and
timely humour, although she
noticeably, and rather clumsily,
brushes over the Vietnam
But perhaps the
greatest weakness of Williams's
socially conscious novel is her
central character, Roberta
Her naivety becomes
unconvincing and contrived.
Williams tends to be heavy-
handed and manipulative,
forcing the issues of her social
awareness and sexual awakening. In fact, her authorial
presence is akin to the navy's
oppression which stifles natural
Nevertheless, Williams
does create some highly colourful
characters who manage to
balance the novel's tempo and
create a rhythm which sets out
the highs and lows of bootcamp.
She evokes the swell of
emotions that carry the recruits
through their training and battle
to preserve their individuality in
a system that both disallows and
disregards its importance.
Stylistically, Williams
has far to go, but she vividly
evokes the sense of claustrophobia and isolation that compromises a recruit's training. On the
whole, Williams deftly illustrates
bootcamp as a mind-boggling
experience when the abnormal
becomes the normal in order to
suppress recruits' instincts and
individuality for a vague but
supposedly greater cause.
The reader is never
allowed to forget the wider
implications of the writer's
cutting observations. Despite its
rough spots, it is an entertaining
and enlightening read, which
reveals the growing pains of a
writer with much promise.
A sequel entitled Waves
is underway.
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January 8,1991
Hoopsters maintain winning form
by Mark Nielsen
The UBC Thunderbirds men's
basketball team quelled doubts
about whether they could keep
their winning form over the
Christmas break by beating the
University of Calgary twice last
The Thunderbirds came back
from an eight point deficit at half-
time to edge Calgary 77-73 on
Friday night, and followed that up
with an 85-80 victory on Saturday
Tack on a pair of wins over the
University ofVictoria Vikings (100-
77 and 96-83) before the break and
the Thunderbirds sit on top ofthe
Canada West standings.
What's more, UBC travelled
to Toronto over the break and won
the York University tournament,
downing nationally ranked Bran
don University 84-78 in the final.
Although the rankings were
still to be released as of Monday,
coach Bruce Enns was predicting
confidently that the Thunderbirds
would be rated number one in the
nation having compiled a win-loss
record of 16-2.
"Obviously you want to be
number one at the end ofthe year,
but goodness gracious, if you can
do it now, why not take it, so we're
happy to be number one and the
job is just simply to see if we can
improve week to week and play
well," he said.
"If we play well, who knows?
Maybe well stay number one."
Having overcome worries
about the effect of the holiday
break, the Thunderbirds are now,
however, playing with a spate of
Not only is leading scorer J.D.
Jackson (named tournament MVP
at York) playing with a pulled
groin, but Jason Leslie has a
sprained ankle and Jason Pamer
has a twisted knee. The latter two
are on crutches and are not expected to be playing this weekend
when the Thunderbirds host the
University of Lethbridge.
High scorers against Calgary
were Jackson with 23 points and
nine assists and Al Lalonde with
21 points on Friday. Lalonde scored
25 points on Saturday while Jackson chipped in 14.
Enns also said Brent
Henderson played a key role on
Saturday night when he scored 12
points and hauled in six rebounds.
He also hit all six of his free throws
in the final minutes ofthe game to
pull out the win for UBC.
Women hoopsters struggling
As the UBC women's basketball team starts off the second
half of the Canada West season,
coach Misty Thomas is still looking for a full game from her players.
Her hopes were almost realized at the University of Calgary
on Friday night but the
Thunderbirds fell short in the
dying minutes and lost 71-63. On
the next night, UBC lost 70-44.
With the setbacks, the
Thunderbirds, who had not
played since the end of November, fell to a win-loss record of 2-
Jana Jordan led the UBC
scoring on Friday night with 15
points, followed by Val Philpot,
back from the injury list, with 11.
Philpot nailed 11 once more
on Saturday night, while Jordan
scored eight.
The Thunderbirds host the
University of Lethbridge Friday
and Saturday at the War Memorial
Gymasium, tip-off at 6:30 p.m.
BIRD DROPPINGS — Although the Thunderbirds are
winning, they are still having
trouble getting people into the
In an effort to draw bigger
crowds, the Thunderbirds will
be holding a draw at halftime
of each home game for a chance
to win a $175 scholarship.
UBC will be facing
Lethbridge at the War Memorial Gym this Friday and Saturday, tip-off at 8:15 pm.
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Join The Ubyssey
January 8,1991 'Birds come up big on
holiday hockey treks
by Michael Booth
While most students spent the
holidays relaxing after Christmas
exams, the UBC Thunderbird
hockey team spent the last three
weeks solidifying their claim as
one of the top university teams in
The puck'Birds won one tournament, finished a close second in
another and then split a pair of
games with the frontrunning
University of Calgary Dinosaurs.
UBC's success was due in large
part to the outstanding play of
centre Jeff Crossley, forward Mike
Kennedy and goaltender Ray
The "Birds began the holidays
by travelling to Alaska for a four-
team tournament hosted by the
University of Alaska-Fairbanks.
UBC defeated Merrimack of the
Ivy League 7-2 and advanced to
the championship game. Playing
before 8,000 fans in the final, UBC
lost 5-4 in overtime to the host
Alaska-Fairbanks squad.
After Christmas the *Birds hit
the road again, this time for
Manitoba and the Diachem Classic. UBC opened the tournament
with a 5-4 loss to York University
before rebounding with a 4-1 win
over the University of Waterloo.
Prior to the game Waterloo had
been undefeated and were ranked
third in Canada.
UBC clinched the Father
Bauer Memorial Trophy when they
defeated the host University of
Manitoba Bisons 5-2 in the final.
Kennedy scored three goals in the
last game and was named the
tournament MVP.
"It was a real surprise because
our line scored 14 points in three
games," Kennedy said. "I got lucky
because I was in the right spot at
the right time to score and when
they pick the MVP they often look
at goals."
Last weekend the 'Birds
travelled to Calgary for the first
two games of their second half
schedule. UBC started out on the
right track, winning the first game
7-4. The next night the two teams
played close and were tied 2-2 in
the second period when Calgary
scored two power play goals. The
Dinosaurs took charge from there
and coasted to an 8-4 win.
UBC coach Terry O'Malley put
a large part of the blame for the
loss squarely on the officiating.
"We had two penalties in the
first game and we had 19 penalties
in the second game, so that says it
right there," O'Malley said.
Things won't get any easier
this weekend when the 'Birds are
on the road again, this time to
Regina. The Cougars are currently
playing well and won the Duracell
Classic tournament in Toronto last
weekend. The 'Birds finally play a
set on home games on January 18
and 19 when they host the University of Alberta Golden Bears.
Tennis team takes
second at westerns
The UBC men's tennis
team was upset 5-0 by the
University of Calgary in the
finals ofthe inaugral Western Canadian Championship over the weekend.
Before meeting Calgary,
whom they had defeated 8-2
earlier in the season, the
Thunderbirds dumped the
University of Saskatchewan
7-2  and  the  University  of
Alberta 6-3.
The women's team heads
to Edmonton later this
month to play the University
of Alberta for the women's
Western Canadian Championship.
head east
by Matthew Clarke
The UBC Thunderbirds
men's volleyball team travelled to
Ontario January 2 for a pair of
exhibition games and the Mizuno
Excalibur Volleyball tournament
at York University. Things did
not go as well as was hoped and
the team returned returned
Sunday with a 3-4 record for trip.
After travelling to Ontario,
the 'Birds went straight to
McMaster University in Hamilton
and showed their fatigue as they
lost to the Marauders 3-1. The
next day the 'Birds beat the
Queen's University Golden Gaels
The tournament at York
started January 4 and the *Birds
played matches against the University of Waterloo Warriors and
the Universite Laval Rouge et Or.
The Warriors, ranked sixth
in the CIAU going into the tournament, made short work of the
UBC squad, winning 3-1. Rob Hill
and Steve Oliver lead the *Birds
scoring 18 and 13 kills respectively.
The 'Birds faired slightly better agai n st the number two ranked
Rouge et Or, losing the match in
five games. Charles Herbert was
dominant for UBC with 25 kills
and five stuff blocks. Rob Hill also
contributed 22 kills and Bobby
Smith 17.
The next day the TJirds played
the host York Yeoman and won
the match in four games. Coach
Dale Ohman juggled the line-up
slightly and started first year
player Conrad Leinemann at
power hitter who came through
with 25 kills. Rob Hill scored 19
kills and had 13 digs.
An irregular schedule had the
'Birds play the consolation semifinal match immediately after the
York match and they lost to
McMaster 3-1. Leinemann again
played well, with 20 kills and Rob
Hill and Charles Herbert had 12
kills each.
On Sunday, the 'Birds played
the York Yeoman again for seventh
place and won 3-2. Rob Hill lead
the 'Birds with 13 kills and 15 digs
and Conrad Leinemann had 16
kills and Steve Oliver had 13 kills.
The 'Birds' results on the trip
were disappointing but positive
notes included the strong play of
Conrad Leinemann and the experience gainedby some ofthe team's
younger players.
Ohman must now juggle his
line-up as fifth year middle blocker
Kelly Bukowski re-injured hi s knee
in a pre-trip training camp in late
December, just before he was to
return to action. He will be out of
the line-up for anindefinite period.
Other injury problems plaguing the team included a broken
hand suffered by Doug Dorton in
the tournament, and Randy
Wagner's slight back sprain which
came as he started practice again
after taking most of December off.
On the positive side of the
roster situation fourth year power
hitter Dave Farrell is back from a
first term studying in Europe and
transfer Jason Bukowski becomes
eligible this weekend.
There is no rest in sight for the
'Birds however, as the team travels to Santa Barbara, California
for a tournament this weekend and
league play resumes January 18-
19 at the University of Victoria.
You should
Dawn Patrol
Surreal McCoys
932 Granville
Every Wednesday is Student Night
932 GRANVILLE 684-7699
Have You Picked Up Your
B.C. Student Loan
or Equalization Payment?
Students who applied last summer and fall for aid through the B.C.
Student Assistance Program and qualified for B.C. Student Loans are
reminded that their loan documents (Certificates I) are available for pick
up at the Awards Office in Room 101 of the General Services
Administration Building on weekdays between 8:30 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
Picture I.D. must be presented. Loan recipients are urged to claim their
Certificates I as soon as possible. These documents must be taken to the
bank for negotiation, a process which can require several days.
Students who qualified for Equalization Payments should report to the
Awards Section of the Department of Financial Services in Room 101 of the
General Services Administration Building to claim their cheques. Photo
I.D. will be required.
BSCAP applicants are also reminded to complete their Statements of
Personal Responsibility and return them to the UBC Awards Office
promptly. Failure to do so by the end of the term could disqualify
applicants for Loan Remission after graduation.
Students who have not paid their second term tuition fees by January 22,
or made other arrangements with the Department of Financial Services,
will have their registration cancelled.
January 8,1991
THE UBYSSEY/13 ' w*m,««r,»"S
Any Answers?
UBC president David Strangway was disappointed to announce that tuition will be going up 10
per cent a year for the next three years. His was
disappointed because he wanted the hikes to continue for 10 years.
Raising tuition fees is old hat for Diamond
Dave, he has been doing it every December for
three years now. Ten per cent two years ago, five
per cent last year (after all, tuition fee protests
would not have looked good during the 75th anniversary celebrations) and now his latest hikes.
Strangway's apparent delight in being all too
willing to jack up tuition fees as if it were an annual
rite raises some serious questions:
If Diamond Dave is such a wonderful fundraiser,
how come he cannot raise any money for the people
who will occupy the sparkling new ivory towers he
intends to build? Do the philanthropists in B.C.
only give money to causes that will get their names
on a building or a plaque?
Does Diamond Dave even give a damn about
undergrads given his well publicized dream about
UBC becoming a great research university?
Has Strangway's success in raising money for
buildings swelled his ego to the point where he now
believes he can do anything he wants and get away
with it? Come to think of it, his fee hike proposal of
10 per cent a year for 10 years makes this question
Does the university feel any obligation at all for
students when it is already turning students away
and will have no shortage of bodies to fill the spaces
vacated by students who are forced to drop out for
economic reasons?
Is affordable education a right or a privilege?
Are these increases putting the price of post-
secondary education beyond the reach of many
British Columbians? Here's a partial list of the
increases in the cost of going to UBC that will face
students this year:
-ten percent increase in tuition.
-$40 student levy to pay for a student recreation centre that was forced through even though
students voted against it last fall.
-possibly another $37.08 for a student health
-possibly a five dollar hike in AMS fees.
-seven per cent GST on most of the above, as
well as on textbooks, school supplies, clothing,
But all these queries will no doubt fall upon
deaf ears as the UBC student body's apathetic
majority will just shrug their shoulders, dig deeper
into their parents pockets next fall and quietly
return to their grazing in Point Grey's pastures.
the Ubyssey
January 8, 1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
Post CUP fallout blues and fresh memories of ample truck parking. In a
state of crazy limbo induced by sleep deprivation and bouts of scurvy,
Matthew Johnson ponders the eternal question, "What is art?" "It's an
orgasm set tojazz," replied Nadene Rehnby while dragging Laurie Newell
to the chocolate vending machine. Across the room, Rebecca Askew and
Paul Dayson were lured into being by an unknown person on the couch,
while Frankie Gilbert the displaced Gargoyle croaked, "If anyone plays
that Twin Peaks soundtrack one more time I'll Lynch them." In the
background, echoing off fragments of anarchy, NanaZolbrod, Matt Clark,
and Paul Abbott were summoning Mark Nielson's name in a Gregorian
chant. Meanwhile, uttering strange incantations, Elaine Griffith and
Heidi Modrow searched for Rob Koo's signature and Michael Booth,
planted in the most swanky of chairs, pondered the puzzling dilemma of
the possessive apostrophe. We were searching for the identity of that
elusive sofa-dweller, and theneon signs led the way. In one corner Heather
Prime and I larald Gravelsin were walking to Hollywood liberally rapping
"Crazywackfunkay". "StraightGangstaMack," Fiona remarked, but Martin
Chester, the phone permanently planted in his ear, could not respond.
Yukie Kurahashi and Franka Cordua-Von Specht ignored them for they
could not find the key. Still seeking the State of jive, Paul Thomson and
Kffie Pow played the tune. All followed into the deafening white silence,
except Graham Cameron who hid under a desk thinking the whole thing,
even the snow, was some insidious Toronto plot.
Rebecca Bishop  •  Michael Booth  •  Martin Chester
Paul Dayson  • Mark Nielsen
David Strangway
screws over
UBC students
Now that UBC's
fundraising goal has been
surpassed by over $20 million, why would president
Strangway alienate students
with tuition hikes about
twice the level of inflation?
President Strangway
and I aren't exactly pals, but
I think I understand his
reasoning pretty well. In
the wake of his fundraising
success he feels politically
strong. Making UBC
superexpensive is one way
tohelp convince many people
of UBC's excellence.
Higher tuition will
please UBC's major donors
and the affluent generally
because their children may
expect less competition for
UBC spaces and elite jobs.
It pleases the government
because it frees up tax
money. It pleases many tax-
paying working people
whose kids are unlikely to
attend UBC. And it also
pleases UBC faculty, because part ofthe tuition hike
has been expressly linked to
pay increases—and faculty
ki ds are exempt from paying
To the charge that high
tuition discourages students
from low-income families Dr.
Strangway has aready reply.
It's downright unjust, he will
tell you, that average taxpayers should support UBC
students who are mostly rich
kids anyway. Moreover,
when they abolished tuition
fees in Australia, the mix of
student backgrounds didn't
Tuition hikes will, of
course, hurt some students,
but the hurt experienced by
them is more than outweighed by the good that
UBC can do with more
money. The poor can always
be helped with student aid,
and student poverty builds
A bunch of left-leaning
radicals will make the usual
nuisance of themselves protesting the increases.   But
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iv £,rt —
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
with the world-wide collapse
of communism, they have no
chance to be taken seriously.
Social equality isn't fashionable in the current climate.
Let's face it, education
is simply another business,
and it's about time universities were run like corporations. Increased user fees for
education are part of the
same corporate agenda
which favours privatizing
government services and
dismantling social programs.
The way to make UBC
great is to let the good old
supply-and-demand model
determine the level of fees
students should pay. The
rich are welcome at UBC,
the poor can go to hell—or
beg for and scrape by on inadequate student aid.
Dr. Strangway's tuition
policy is a perfect example of
the conservative blueprint
for our society: smooth
sailing for the rich, a demoralizing obstacle course
for the poor.
I have two questions.
Shouldn't a great research
university be committed to
social and moral progress as
well as scientific innovation?
And shouldn't academic
leaders be more than the
ruthless lackeys of our
society's right-wing establishment?
Kurt Preinsperg
AMS president and
Ph.D. candidate in
political philosophy
Troops cause of
Gulf crisis
I would like to thank
Christopher Eisner for his
amicable replay to my letter
on the Middle East crisis.
However, I perceive a comprehensive lapse or two
which I feel bound to correct.
First, Mr. Eisner holds
the view that western troops
in the Middle East are an
effect of the crisis, while I
identify them as a cause. The
problem here I think is due
toour differencesin defining
the crisis. As far as I am
concerned, the crisis is the
impending event of war; but
Mr. Eisner (if I am correct)
was referring to the invasion
of Kuwait itself.
Second, I will agree with
Mr. Eisner when he states
that "war is...sometimes
justified. When ALL diplomatic means have been exhausted, force is the only
answer." In this situation,
however, not all diplomatic
means have been exhausted.
They have hardly been tried.
(I am aware that president
Bush has most cordially offered to negotiate; but I
cannot help but notice that
he has left it rather late.)
Third, I by no means
claimed that Hussein was
not a "little Hitler". I think
he is. (More than half of
Eisner's reply is based on
his claim that I did. I would
like to ask him to read it
again.) But we need to ask:
in the even of war, can
Canada afford to be—shoul d
we be—involved?
Charles Irish
Science 1
Vote in elections
Dear UBC students,
Everybody seems to be
fed up with governments.
Here's a chance to make a
difference: AMS elections &
referenda are Jan 21-25.
Write it on your calendar
and in your daybook. Fewer
than 10% of students vote in
AMS elections; therefore,
your vote has a relatively
large weight. Exercise it.
John Lipscomb
AMS finance
Just one stinky
ol' newspaper
The other day as I was
walking through the SUB, I
couldn't help but notice a
distinctly foul odour. I drew
back at first, so overwhelmed
was I by the stench, but my
curiosity quickly won over
my nausea and I decided to
find out where this horrific
smell was coming from. I
soon realized that the November 30 edition of The
Ubyssey was the source of
the horror.    I approached
with nose plugged and cautiously picked up an issue.
After sitting down I began to
flip through the pages, noticing as I did so that the
powerful aroma grew ever
stronger. Finally, on page
24,1 found the source of my
distress. A huge hunk of
dung was sitting right there
on the page! I looked at it
carefully and noticed that
some people had even signed
their names below it. Imagine how curious I was to find
out how Wade Chute and
Claudia Arato were able to
convince The Ubyssey staff
to leave their fecal deposits
inside the newspaper. I always thought that this was
the express purpose of their
own Engineering rag.
I find it beyond belief
that two undoubtedly brilliant engineering students
should quickly and unthinkingly voice the notion
that if native peoples wish to
"earn the respect of whites,"
they should stop "drawing
unnecessary and harmful
publicity to themselves," and
instead become "responsible,
hard-working, and contributing members of society."
Well Wade and Claudia, I
too have read Ms. Rand and
I can understand how easy it
is to unload the problems of
society onto the backs of
those who suffer most from
them. It kinda makes you
fell all warm and toasty inside when you know that
such problems are easily
solved and that you yourself
aren't responsible for them.
It's just wonderful to be able
to sail through life as fine,
responsible citizens and always to be comforted by the
knowledge that since your
own lives are good, you must
be doing everything right.
After all, can't those native
people understand that all
they have to do to live happily and productively is to
follow the example of your
own model lives? You know,
I didn't realize that missionaries were so active at
UBC. Perhaps there are a
lot of things about UBC that
I didn't know.
Phillip Maerov
Science 4
January 8,1991 UETTERS/OP-ED
Natives still
repressed in Canada
I'd like to comment on a question voiced by Kurt Preinsperg
which is perhaps shared by others
who attended Bob Wilson's presentation November 29th at SUB
Kurt wanted to know what
the non-Native population was
going to have to "give up", in concrete, "reaF-estate terms, in the
face of Native land claims. As Wilson explained, it's unlikely that
individually-held plots of land
where folks live would be affected,
and in the event that they were, an
alternative to land transfer would
be sought.
Buying into the false division
of people into an "us and them",
Kurt assumes that non-Native interests are represented by the
current structures. The overwhelmingly vast majority of people
livingin Canada—Native and non-
Native alike, have absolutely no
say in the manner in which the
land is so-called "managed," and
its resources used; as current public opinion polls testify, most of us
feel alienated by these methods
and are ready for changes!
We should welcome the opportunity presented by Native
claims issues for reorganization of
land distribution and management
structures and institutions that
are inequitable, not only in terms
of Native/non-Native relations,
present and future generations,
but unrepresentative of all but
corporate interests.
Don't be fooled Kurt! "We"
don't have any land to concede.
This has, for the last several hundred years, been under the paw of
the Hudson's Bay Companies and
McMillan-Bloedels of the world,
and their servants in government.
The Native movement represents, among other things, the
struggle of communities everywhere for self-determination.
Judi Marentette
Canada is no
People claim that Canada is a
I disagree. Democracy would
be where people have equal say in
what happens. Canada is a mixed
economy and so perhaps half of the
decisions are made by business
and not government. Wealth controls business. Canada is at best a
mix of plutocracy and democracy.
I still disagree. The government is not democratic; there are
less than 300 MPs. Many people
then say, "Ah, yes, you're right, we
don't have a democracy; we have a
representative democracy."
I still disagree. The MPs are
not representative. Most people did
not vote PC; yet most MPs are PC.
Some people then say, "Ah, yes,
you're right, we don't have a representative democracy; we have an
indirect democracy based on pluralities in individual ridings."
I still disagree. Some parties
have lots of money to spend manipulating the vote while others do
not. Moreover, those parties who
cater to the wealthy can depend on
future benefits, while those who
cater to the poor cannot. Furthermore, our culture is based on consumerism which is controlled by
the wealthy. Thus, there is a large
wealth bias to any vote. I believe
that Canada is a disguised plutocracy. It is disguised because,
ignoring business and wealth, it
resembles an indirect democracy
based on pluralities in individual
ridings; however, with a little manipulation of this twisted system,
the wealthy can maintain power.
Such manipulation usually involves the wealthy hiring their
consumerism buddies, the
Rather than point our fingers
at other non-democratic countries,
let's work together to democratize
plutocratic Canada.
Remember to scream the next
time that the US or any other
(im)moral world guardian pretends
to democratize a country. The US
is actually trying to plutocratize
that country. Wealthy US citizens
and businesses control plutocracies. Even though the debt-laden
US government may not be considered wealthy, its huge cash flow
controls plutocracies.
Kuwait was perhaps one of
the best examples of a plutocracy.
The wide wealth gap between rich
and poor concentrated business
power firmly in the hands of the
rich, while the government was a
constitutional monarchy where
only an elite of 60,000 from a total
population of 1.9 million could vote.
Our plutocratically elected US and
Canadian governments plan to
sacrifice American, Canadian, and
Iraqi lives in a war to restore Kuwaiti plutocracy. Meanwhile, the
US has acquired a huge military
base beside Saudi oil. Once plutocracy is restored, Canada's wealthy
allies can resume depletion of about
600,000,000 barrels of Kuwaiti oil
annually at the expense of the
environment and future generations. The US can resume military
sales to Kuwait of about
$100,000,000 annually. Even if
plutocracy is not restored, the US
can boost its military sales to replace equipment lost in battle.
The plutocrats have tried to
control Iraq ever since the British
occupied it in 1915. In 1979, the
US backed installation of Hussein
further plutocratized Iraq and allowed US allies to sell billions in
military arms to Iraq in return for
billions in oil. The military industry rejoiced when Iraq and Iran
waged war for eight years. Unfortunately for plutocrats, Hussein
now uses his western weapons to
occupy pro-western plutocratic
Kuwait instead of anti-western
Muslim Iran. If the US can oust
Hussein, then it can resume military sales to Iraq.
And our external affairs minister Joe Clark says, "The prospect
of war and the loss of Canadian
lives is real. There will be thousands of casualties and we should
not rule out the possibility that
young Canadian soldiers will not
return to this country but will stay
there for burial."
I scream bloody murder and
hold our government accountable.
John Lipscomb
AMS finance coordinator
Men cannot deal
with women
Hon. Mary Collins
Room 274 Confederation Bldg.
House of Commons
Ottawa, Ontario KlA 0A6
The horrible event in Montreal
last year raised many different
questionsregardingmale attitudes
toward women, questions that have
tended to focus on violence against
women in a symptomatic context,
but without really exploring the
origins of male anger. The "madness" exhibited by Marc Lepine
does indeed appear to be widespread in our society, though seldom expressed so violently.
I think that these male attitudes are based in a mix of confusion and anger; sexual confusion
that goes back to the cave man,
and anger that probably starts
when each of us is born. Men tend
to be bigger and stronger than
women, which can cause men to
feel dominant or protective. In either case, it's a sense of having
more power.
But women are powerful too;
they have AWESOME powers that
men don't have. Women can create
new life, new people inside their
bodies, and they can grow the new
people healthy and strong with
just the milk from their breasts.
This is quite miraculous when one
thinks about it. And women have
another power, one that can cause
men great anxiety; they can give
wonderful pleasuretomen.-.orthey
can withhold it.
It appears that men have
never come to terms with these
magical powers that women have.
Thus we find all kinds of folklore
andreligious mythology, produced
and propagated by men, designed
to steal away the female powers
and give them to males. There is
Genesis with its all-powerful male
creator who makes Eve out of
Adam's rib. The first woman came
out of a man, according to the
highest authority. We also have
the Easter Bunny, a MALE creator
of ne wlife...and of course the MALE
stork that delivers babies.
Men have always denied that
they are created by women.
Men have intruded into every
aspect of birth, trying very hard to
replace all of the magic powers
with man-made technology. Female sexuality is bought and sold
through pornography and prostitution which are controlled by men,
which essentially allow other men
to buy a form of power over wome n.
It's not surprising that so many of
today's "comics" and films also
portray male power over women.
Most babies are delivered by
men in this part of the world, but
the men are not the fathers ofthe
babies. Births are assisted by
women in other parts ofthe world,
but there, too, fathers are excluded.
How might this exclusion affect
men and the way they relate to
their wives and children?
Nearly all babies are separated from their mothers immediately after birth, deprived of the
maternal warmth and security
they need. They're frightened and
often made to suffer pain. Most are
then left alone to cry themselves to
sleep. How might this affect self-
esteem throughout life, and could
this be a source of anger?
To savour the snow
Snow. To what depths will it
continue? Classes were back in
session today, the 7th of January, despite the white stuff, but
it made itself felt nonetheless.
The white crystalline presence was a backdrop to students'
struggle: to remember where
their classes were, how to think
scholastically, calculate term
grades, get up-to-date with
friends, prepare mentally for a
new semester of academic rigor,
and cope with the penny logic of
the GST.
Buses were jammed a little
fuller in
the a.m.
were reluctant
to drive in a blizzard that promised to continue all day with predictions of 20cm of snownfall in
the Vancouver area. Sidewalks
that were already ankle deep
with crusted snow gained a new
layer that students and staff
sunk their legs through to the
ankles or knees as they trudged
between buildings. By the early
afternoon work crews were tackling the paths with snow clearing equipment.
But just what is this phenomenon, this snowstorm? Not
since the 1960s has Vancouver
been visited by the white wonder
to this extent. So why do we,
people, mankind, insist on improving upon it? Its whiteness
cannot be made whiter. The quietness it creates cannot be
equalled. It is accepted that its
presence improves the winter
view. However, we want to compact it into snowballs, pile it
into snowbanks, dirty it with
salt and gravel, violate its art
with footprints, and ultimately,
obliterate it completely.
Understandably, snow can
be a curse and fearsome menace
to drivers, but snow, like all
weather, is a manifestation of
nature that reaches into the
structure of our lives and influences it. In doing so, snow gives
a different structure, one that
relieves us of our usual responsibilities. At
least it
can be
an excuse for shirking work, butmore
meaningfully, the beauty of
snow, its uniqueness, if allowed
its moment on stage, relieves
humans of the burden of creating drama and meaning out of
life. We can contemplate the absence of colour or movement that
it encourages.
However, the habit of following the calendar is strong,
especially here where weather
rarely has such influence. It
seems to me there were glints of
joy and excitement on faces today, unfortunately not simply
explained by the New Year enthusiasm or the thrills of learning. It was the playfulness and
wonderment of snow.
Fiona Buss
English 3
Are circumcised males more
likely to be violent than males who
were spared that excruciating pain
in infancy?
Violence comes chiefly from
insecurity. The world might be a
more peaceful place if fathers were
not excluded or replaced by medi
cal technologists during the birth
of their children, and if all babies
were treated with love and gentleness right from the first moment of
Thomas Anderson, Ph.D.
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January 8,1991


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