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The Ubyssey Oct 3, 1997

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ubyssey magazine
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FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3,1997
VOLUME 79 ISSUE 9
by Dale Lum
When W.C. Woodward built his first department store on
the corner of Hastings and Carrall Street in 1903, he probably didn't imagine that it would one day become a symbol
of the gentrification of the Downtown Eastside.
But 94 years later, atop a 75-foot replica of the Eiffel
tower, the red neon "W" of the old downtown Woodward's
department store sits stationary and unlit. The gaudy promotional gimmick, installed in 1944, guided bargain-
hunters to $1.49 Days, toy-lusting children to the 6th floor
fantasyland and local residents to the first self-se:rve food
floor in North America.
With the bankruptcy ofthe Woodward's chain in January
1993, however, the plug was pulled on the Hastings Street
store and, with it, the neon sign.
Ever since, the empty building has been at the centre of
controversy. Downtown Eastside community activists say it
should be converted into social housing, but a developer
has other plans. On October 20, the Development. Permit
Board of the City of Vancouver will decide if the historic
building will be redeveloped into 416 high-priced condominiums.
As early as 1988, the Downtown Eastside community
was responding to rumours that Woodward's was in financial difficulty. At the time, the Downtown Eastside
Residents Association (DERA) hired architect Ron Yuen to
put together the initial designs for a co-operative housing
project on the Woodward's site. In a neighbourhood with a
severe demand for affordable housing, DERA felt that such
a project was badly needed.
"The community said this is where we've got to stop it,
and get something back into Woodward's to stop the deterioration of the inner city," says Stephen Learey, former
DERA activist, now a staff member at the Community
Development Unit for the BC Ministry of Employment and
Investment.
When Woodward's closed in early 1993, DERA showed
their idea to both the provincial and federal governments.
The federal government, which has since withdrawn completely from funding social housing projects, was imrecep-
tive. The provincial government, meanwhile, came up with
a controversial scheme of funding the housing by a waterfront casino. The plan never materialised.
In early 1995, residents and community groups,
already feeling threatened by other expensive condo projects looming over their neighbourhood, were infuriated
when the building was purchased by Fama Holdings Ltd, a
West Vancouver-based developer. In April of that year
Fama announced its intention to construct 354 condominiums, with no provision for low-income housing. Fama
received approval for its preliminary design from City
Council that June.
Bud Osborn, a poet, cornmunity activist, and resident of
the Downtown Eastside for ten years, says the encroachment of these condos, unaffordable for the vast majority of
the residents, is an attack on the form of the community
and a contributing factor to homelessness.
"Woodward's certainly is the single most important
building in the area, in the sense that within that bunding
people can be housed [as well as given] the services that are
needed—a wide range of them. That could be a real community building, and if it went for the needs of the people
here it would anchor the community... it would send a mes
sage that there is a community here of low-income people,
and they're going to stay here, they want to be rooted here,
and not just displaced or made homeless as in other cities
like New York or Toronto and elsewhere in North America."
In the wake of Fama's announcement, residents and
community groups banded together and over several
months began a campaign which included rallies, spray
painting, leafletting, and lobbying of the provincial and
municipal governments.
In February 1996, their efforts apparently paid off when
then-Premier Mike Harcourt, shortly before resigning from
office, announced that a partnership between the province
and Fama Holdings was reached, which would result in a
development combining 197 co-operative housing units
with 216 condos above three floors of commercial retail
space. In return, Fama Holdings would receive $25 million
from the province towards the construction of the project.
But in April 1997, Kassem Aghtai, President of Fama
Holdings, announced that he was backing out of the partnership with the province.
The old Woodward's
building was
supposed to solve
housing problems
in Canada's most
rundown urban area.
But instead, it's
being converted
into condominiums,
and many are
asking why.
Aghtai has left only sketchy reasons for his withdrawal
from the project, stating in media reports at the time that he
was frustrated by bureaucratic red tape and that he believed public-private partnerships could not work. Terry
Partington, Woodward's project manager for Fama, refused
to comment to the Ubyssey, stating that Aghtai feels he has
already received too much unwanted negative publicity.
Learey speculates that Aghtai may have been moved to
cancel the project because of a stipulation in the deal which
required the developer to construct the commercial space,
the condos, and the co-ops simultaneously. There were
rumours that Aghtai was unable to find any commercial
tenants at the time. And because the co-op was apparently
at a development stage far ahead ofthe rest ofthe building,
having to proceed with his side of the development would
have meant leaving the commercial space vacant.
"We said that the whole building had to be developed at
the same time. There's some suspicion that he wasn't
Woodward's continued on page A...
WOODWARD's: urban renewal or community breakdown?. dale lum photos
Gimme shelter = s   ,^-.
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JOBS
UBC School of Music
WORK STUDY
These positions are available for students who are eligible for the Work
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Position: Librarian for UBC Wind Chamber Music Ensemble
Description: Catalogue new music, Distibuting music parts
and new music scores to students. Collecting and filing parts
and scores at the end of each project. Ensuring that files are
kept up to date and in order. Collecting all musical scores at
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Position: Technical Director
Description: Will be responsible for all the technical requirements for
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Qualifications: Thorough knowledge of theatre lighting. Cooperation
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JOHN CLARKE.BC's premier mountaineer will present a FREE multimedia slideshow on Wild landscapes of South-Western BC on fri-
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BARBECUE: A LOW STORY
barbeCrMs-8
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KITCHEN PARTY
Suburban houses
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the Dress
Dress through many hands
leaves laugh at gloomy people
film fashion victim
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Stella Does Tricks
Young Scottish hooker;
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clumsy and dull, though
by Bruce Arthur
IRMA VEP
\ot so much
N'ot lor its col
Egoyan enjoys the sweet smell of success
by John Zaozirny
 by Alec MacNeill-Richardson
Tired of pretentious, self indulgent, excessively artistic, and borderline perverted
Canadian films which require a Ph.D. in
behavioural psychology to interpret correct-
iy?
With The Sweet Hereafter, writer/director Atom Egoyan has made the leap from
the clique of Canadiana to the international
circle of filmmakers. This is a movie that
does not require praise from a round table
of Canadian critics to make the theatres. It
is a film which transcends its own nationality and, due to its universality of theme and
brilliance of presentation, can and has
already been appreciated by a world-wide
audience.
Having garnered the Jury prize at
Cannes this May, The Sweet Hereafter headlines Vancouver's film festival before a general release in theatres on October 10th.
Adapted from the Russell Banks' novel,
the film tells the story of a tragic bus accident that kills 14 children, and the profound effect it has on a small BC town. Ian
Holm stars as a opportunistic lawyer who
quickly swoops into town days after the accident, looking to build a lawsuit for the parents. The film also stars Tom McCamus (/
love a Man in Uniform) as well as many veterans of the Ego Film Arts ensemble;
Arsinee Khanjian, Sarah Polley, Bruce
Greenwood, and Gabrielle Rose.
This is the first film of Egoyan's not
taken from his own source material. And it
is an immense credit to his talents as a
screenplay writer and director that he is
able to successfully bring Banks' novel to
the screen.
"It was a challenge, a huge challenge,"
Egoyan confessed in an interview. "Tlie
book is told in a very different form. It's
much more linear and there are four first
person narrations. So it was a challenge to
find a way in expressing that, cinematical-
iy."
By using an oscillating timeline and a
multi-character perspective, Egoyan deftly
overcomes this difficulty to deliver a smart,
original picture. The audience is teased
throughout the film, as they are thrust back
and forth in time, from the aftermath to the
incredible foreboding, the perspective is
constantly changing. When the accident is
finally shown, the tragedy of that moment is
iiiiinitely greater.
When asked why he chose an outside
source for this film, Egoyan answered,
"What attracted me to this novel was that it
was set in a community, and I really wanted to do a film about a community; because
all my other films have been about individuals trying to find themselves and being
without a community.
"I was attracted by the environment and
the whole notion of people, trying to make
sense of something as ovenvhelming and
as traumatic as an accident of that sort."
By using Banks' story, Egoyan was
forced to concentrate his efforts on presentation and not on his own personal design.
Whether he was aware of this fact or was
merely accidentally successful, The Sweet
Hereafter is his most accessible film to date.
Previous movies Exotica and 7?ie Adjuster,
although great in mood and setting, lacked
arate single issues. Mitchell Stephens (Ian
Holm) is the typical compassionate predator of the law. He preys on people's helplessness in the face of tragedy, and convinces them that a lawsuit is key to the healing process. At the same time, Stephens,
himself is helpless to the demands of his
drug-addict daughter. The film is full of contradictions and parallels, which give it
"I was attracted by the
environment and the
whole notion of people,
trying to make sense of
something as overwhelming and as traumatic as
an accident of that sort."
a strong enough narrative to drive them.
It is with a chstinct plot and great performances by his cast that the formidable
power of this film is conveyed to his audience.
Sarah Polley plays Nicole Burnell, a
young teenager paralysed by the accident
Her character is pivotal to both the controversial element of this film and its conclusion. Nicole and her father, Sam (Tom
McCamus), have a relationship which can
only be described as incestuous. This disturbing motif does not eclipse the narrative.
It is incorporated so well that when Nicole
speaks out for herself, a double reasoning
can instantly be justified: her own vindication and the saviour ofthe communiry.
Egoyan was surprised himself how
many reviews and reactions he's heard that
downplay and in some cases, even forgot
the whole incest theme.
There is so much going on in all the characters' fives that it becomes difficult to sep-
remarkable depth. An amazing addition by
Egoyan to the original novel was the inclusion of the Pied Piper ofHamelin, which is
interwoven superbly into the film.
"It was so incredible, because not only
does it concern the violation of children, but
it deals very specifically with issues of
rewards and punishment, and also there's
the child who's left behind, because she was
lame. It was eerie: the connection, the parallels and the tone."
It was enjoyable to watch a film which
was uniquely Canadian, but did not revel in
its own nationality. The original story was
set in Texas, but it is moved to BC without
much difficulty. Egoyan managed to create
a poignant film, universal in themes, without stressing his own artistic license. This is
not a movie one has to force themselves to
see because it's "Canadian." Its accessibility
will no doubt make The Sweet Hereafter
Atom Egoyan's most successful film to
date.**
news seminar
I
I
learn the nuts
Saturday October 5, 12:00—2:00
all welcome su IHEUSYSiEY • FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997
Essays suck, Sub,24ik
Write features.     ^
The Government of Japan
invites  university graduates to Japan
as Assistant English Teachers
or Coordinators for International w>> .,
Relations .'     *'*•'
,*?. ,*..
~^\-^?y
, i, .\^^^.
>"•'
*».?»
.   *a.    -<-*-
Inform.ition Seminars :
Oct. 7 (Tue) 12:30 - 2:30 pm
at the International House, UBC
Oct.23 (Thur) 12:00 - 2:00 pm
at the Buchannan Bldg. A104, UBC
More information: Consulate General of Japan
tel: 684-5868 ext. 240,
fax:684-6939 email: japanvcr@istar.ca
FACULTY OF SCIENCE
The University of British Columbia
Call for Nominations
KILLAM TEACHING PRIZES
The University of British Columbia established Awards
for Excellence in Teaching in 1989. Awards are made by
the Faculty of Science to UBC Science faculty, full time
lecturers and sessional lecturers and laboratory instructors
who are selected as outstanding teachers.
We are seeking input from UBC faculty, alumni, current
and former students.
Nomination Deadlines:
First term - October 17, 1997
Second term - February 16, 1998
Nominations should be accompanied by supporting
statements and the nominator's name, address and
telephone number. Please send nominations to:
Chair, Killam Teaching Prizes
c/o Office of the Dean of Science
Rm. 1505,6270 University Boulevard
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4
FaAX (604)822-5558
ac wily
of    Arts
Trie call for notpinations for student representatives to the
Faculty of/Arts has resulted in lhe following constituencies
being filled by axforrtation:
Asian Studies Angela Cheng
Library, Archival and Information Studies Jennifer Robert:
 Tara R. Sundberg
  Kevin Bond
  Lisa Vanderstelt
  Cherise Friesen
Amy Petterson
  Marko Dekovic
nd
The following students have been elected for the 2 Y601
constituency! listed alphabetically):
AliceMarie Cambell
Miranda Lam
Suzanne Milner
Philosophy
Political Science -
Psychology	
Women s Studies
First Year	
Neil Guppy
Associate Dean
Faculty of Arts
DALE LUM PHOTO
Woodward's central in Eastside community
.continued from page 1
ready to develop his side of the building, that he
wasn't ready with regards to the commercial retail
space which was supposedly, according to him,
much harder to lease. He wasn't in a situation that
allowed him to deal with the construction of all three
parts at the same time. That's what we feel, basically,
is at the root of it," says Learey.
Vancouver Councilor Nancy Chiavario, however,
sides with the developer on the issue. According to
Chiavario, when Harcourt promised the $25 million
for the project he never stated exactly where the money
was going to come from, which left the province in a
bind when it came time to negotiate with Aghtai.
Chiavario says that during the 14 months of negotiation the province unsuccessfully tried to come up
with the money and that, in the end, Aghtai simply
got tired of waiting and walked away. She goes on to
say that "Fama is not the bad guy" in the deal and
that Aghtai worked "very hard" to try to make the
joint project work. Chiavario then points out that the
provincial government has reduced its funding for
social housing projects since 1996.
Learey disagrees, saying that he "[doesn't] know
what she's talking about". He states that the provincial Treasury Board had approved the $25 million
for the project, and that the BC Ministry of Housing
had the money in its budget all along.
Learey feels that city council is being hypocritical
when accusing the province for lack of commitment
to social housing. Although city council now openly
supports the concept of a co-operative housing project, "basically their hands are tied", he says, because
in 1995 city council, including Chiavario, voted in
favour of the original all-condo proposal.
Learey also notes that since the federal government has not been funding social housing projects
for the past few years, the provincial government has
had to shoulder the majority of the burden.
While the provincial and municipal governments
blame each other and the federal government for the
housing shortage in the Downtown Eastside, activists
assert that people are literally dying as services such
as affordable housing and drug and alcohol treatment are being overwhelmed by need.
In the Downtown Eastside, 80 per cent of residents (ie. those fortunate enough to have a home)
live in low-income households. And Medical Health
Officer Dr. John Blatherwick has recently stated that
the HIV infection rate among drug users in the
Downtown Eastside is the highest in North America.
When talking about the AIDS epidemic, Osborn
asserts that "one of the central ways to impact and
prevent this from spreading is housing."
But Osborn contends that less half-hearted measures need to be taken by the governments when
dealing with the acute problems in the neighbourhood. Specifically, he is against the Woodward's
development as a mixed co-op/condo project, saying
that co-operative housing is a concept distinct from
social housing and does not meet the specific needs
of the community.
"There's an increasing percentage of the people
living down here who aren't going to get into co-op
housing, who never get into this kind of mixed co-op
housing... and those are the people who are becoming more and more homeless," he says.
Ga Ching Kong, a project coordinator with the
Youth Alliance, a youth-oriented activist group concerned with social issues on the east side, agrees
with Osborn. "Co-ops can also be very discriminatory
against people of colour, gays and lesbians, people
with children. The equity issues in terms of income
and all those other things depend on the [co-op]
board, and maybe it wouldn't be the best thing for
that site," she says.
Kong explains that tenants first need to put down a
sum of money before they can even move into a co-op,
and then pay a specific percentage of their income for
rent. And while subsidies lower the cost of living in a
co-op versus normal market housing, co-ops need to
have a balanced range of incomes among their residents because the higher-income tenants offset the
reduced rent paid by those with lower incomes.
She points to the co-op on the south shore of False
Creek as an example of the failure of co-ops to serve
the needs of the low income community. In the 70's,
the co-op initially had an even distribution between
low and middle-income tenants. But now, Kong
explains, "what's happened is that the lower income
people have moved to middle income people and
shut the door behind them."
Kong and Osborn also agree that social housing
specifically for the low-income community is what
the area needs most. Once the basic requirement of
shelter is fulfilled, they argue, the community and
governments can begin to address other issues such
as crime and drug addiction.
It's a different attitude than that taken by Mayor
Philip Owen, who over the summer stood on East
Hastings and declared that crime in the Downtown
Eastside is "out of control". A war on drugs, he said,
is what's needed to clear up the area.
Learey, who once lived in the Downtown Eastside
for ten years, says that in the language of law enforcement, "cleaning up the neighbourhood means arresting people for being poor."
"If they want to address crime, then they need to
address housing as well," adds Tom Laviolette, a
coordinator of the Carnegie Community Action
Project, one of the Downtown Eastside community
groups active on the issue.
Fama Holdings needs to obtain approval from the
city's Development Permit Board at the October 20
meeting before it can proceed with the project. Since
Fama's proposal for condominiums was approved in
1995, Learey feels that it is unlikely that the Permit
Board will have the grounds to block the development at this late stage.
But people from the Downtown Eastside won't let
the decision be made without a fight. They will be at
city hall, and they will be vocal.
And they won't be limiting themselves to chants
and slogans. With speakers, music, theatre, and face
painting, their presence will be more a celebration of
the cornrnunity than a plea for charity from the city.
For Bud Osborn, it's that community that's at
stake. After living in other places such as Toronto and
New York, Osborn feels that nowhere else he has
been is as true to the concept of "community" as the
Downtown Eastside. Relating his own previous experience as an addict on the streets, he says that the
extreme circumstances on the streets brings people
together for mutual support and compassion. He tells
the story of a man who approached him after the performance of a play put on by the Political Response
Group, an activist group which he started a year ago.
"He said, 'You know, I came down here to the
Downtown Eastside to die. My life was a mess, and I
figured it was over. And all I knew about the
Downtown Eastside was the typical propaganda:
there's death, disease, despair...' And he said, 'But
since coming down here, with the people I've met
and the groups that I've met, I want to live now.' And
I think that is really, in a nutshell, the heart of 'community'. What seems like a situation of apparent
death is really one of tremendous life-giving."♦ THE UBYSSEY • FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997 5
Family ties      Dream just doesn't hold up
by John Bolton
by Marina Antunes
Generational Anxieties
In reviewing Generational Anxieties I find myself, well,
rather anxious. Summing up any one movie within four
hundred words inevitably trivialises the hard work of hundreds of people. But here I'm forced to address the relative merit of four short films. Yikes.
The Elms that make up Generational Anxieties explore
"the emotional minefield of parent-child relations."
Stylistically, they range from the bluff comedy of Daniel
Maclvor's Permission, which offers big laughs alongside
some genuinely poignant moments as a father comes to
grips with his son's penchant for playing with dolls, to the
stark impressionism of Keith Behrman's Blue Cloud, White
Mountain. Behrman's saturated widesereen compositions
contrast shaTply with the grainy realism of Shaun
Cathcart's Shift. Both films explore the loneliness of physi-.
cal and emotional adolescence effectively, albeit from
entirely different standpoints. Generational Anxieties actually works best as a coherent whole, the overall architecture
brings out the many strengths and occasional weaknesses
of each separate work. The happenings of one film bring
new perspectives to bear on the others.
Andrew Currie's Night ofthe Living, while compelling,
seems a little aimless toward its end. The premise of a
young child who sees his alcoholic father as a zombie is
interesting, but the work is not stylistically consistent. It's
too ambitious given its short length. There's still a lot to
admire here, however, especially an ugly disparity
between the scenes of familial warmth and the father's
drunken dissolution.
What all four works have in common is uniformly
excellent acting. The adult performers are able io express
the deepest motivations and emotions with mere glances
and gestures. The kids are all completely believable, (and
sometimes damn funny, as in the case of the youngest
daughter in Shift who announces she's Helen Keller and
immediately begins bumping into even-thing). Maclvor,
Behrman, Cathcart and Currie are all technically assured
directors, yet each has clearly spent careful time with his
script and his cast.
This anthology is, as I've mentioned, nicely structured,
and all of its preoccupations seem to build toward the conclusion of White Cloud, Blue Mountain, where death and a ,
young child unite in an unexpected and moving way. The
moment is heartfelt and totally unsentimental. Indeed
these qualities are to be found throughout Generational
Anxieties, and I look forward to reviewing full-length films
by each of these directors mfoilhcoining years. Ideally, I'll
be four times less trivializing in each case. ♦
Firehall Arts Centre
September 24 to October 5
A small audience sat in the nearly empty Firehall Arts
Centre, swaying lightly to the beat of the South American
music emanating from the speakers. A woman dressed in
a bright red dress, eyes covered by a mask, sat on a bed on
the otherwise empty stage. As the lights lowered, a man
walked onto the stage and began to speak.
Dreams of Realityis a play based on the book The Book
of Embraces, written by the well known Uruguayan
author, Eduardo Galeano.
The play is co-written by Carmen Aquirre, Sonia Norris
(both of whom also star in the show) and James Fagan
Tait. Dreams of Reahty tells the story of Helena and
Eduardo Galeano and their travels through South America
translated onto stage in dream and present time scenes.
Unfortunately, what results is a play that is for the most
part, incoherent. The only uniting theme of any of the
scenes is the idea of dreams and dreaming. Although the
individual stories are interesting and could be expanded
to create individual plays, the connection of these stories
under one title and as one piece of work is a mistake that
leaves the audience wondering what's going on.
At times laugh-out-loud funny, Dreams of Reahty contains innovative ways of acconiphshing set changes. This is
done by i*unning a sheet across the stage and projecting
slides on it of different locations of Helena and Eduardo's
travels. The quotes that were shown on the screen in accompaniment to the pictures were interesting and provocative.
At times they appeared to be more interesting than the actual story that was being told. Particularly enjoyable was a
dance scene that placed both actors behind the screen.
Though both the characters of Eduardo and Helena
were played with tremendous energy and professionalism, it wasn't enough to rescue the play. The combination
of clowning, music, and mime that were used throughout
the show was entertaining and well choreographed by
director James Fagan Tait, but for the most part they only
contributed to a dream that was like a nightmare. This is
a case where the ideas and dreams were more ambitious
than what could be translated into reality. ♦
Picture
Sweden. Go ahead.
You're picturing a serene, placid landscape peopled with serene, placid people,
aren't you? Well, despite their image as a but-
toned-down country, Sweden, for reasons only a
sociologist could possibly fathc
out freak-out geek-show pop at a j
their just-north-of-comatose image. 1
("Fernando!") then more recently
Base ("All that she wants...") and eve
Cardigans ("luff me, luff me, say t
you luff me...").
Well, the geek pop virus appears
to have  spread to  neighbouring
Denmark—Aqua is, of course, the
Danish foursome behind the now-
infamous "Barbie Girl" song ("I'm a
Barbie Girl, in a Barbie World")
Yes, it's terrible, but no, I can't get
the damned thing out of my head.
: rest of the album is, mere
fully, not as catchy, and fa       **•
into a predictable drumbeat-four-chord-key
board-boy-girl-
son
Aquarium- Aqua
The:
niitittui
JAMES        TUPAC LELA
JAMES
DENNIS
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The Ubyssey and MGM have
^ ^O 06 n !5 20 do°uble passes to the
9 October 6th advance
i    _ n  screening of "Gang Related"
Q^_ | Cjhl    Rj at the Capitol Cinemas.
Stop by SUB 241K and if you
I  fjT 1^   can answer the following trivia
•» V-r Wl I! Question   vou can win a Dass:
question   you can win a pass:
Who was Tupac Shakur
named after?
No purchase necessary. While supplies last.
Career
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Opportunities
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We'll be interviewing
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Our product is steel. Our strength is people.
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For more information about Dofasco, visit our website: www.dofasco.ca 6 THE UBYSSEY»FRIDAY. OCTOBER 3,1997
THE UBYSSEY » FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3. 1997
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QB, or not QB?
SHAWN OLSON embattled starting QB may
not start on Saturday, richard lam photo
 by Bruce Arthur
Mirror, mirror, on the wall, who'll start at quarterback
in the Shrum Bowl brawl?
That is the big question surrounding the UBC football team heading into Saturday's match up against
archrival Simon Fraser. The position, which belonged
to incumbent Shawn Olson at season's start, now
seems to be a toss-up.
Backup and fellow sophomore Dan Delong directed
the Birds to 31 second half points in a 32-0 victory
over Manitoba as he completed nine out of seventeen
passes for 115 yards and two touchdowns.
Olson, however, had his worst game of the season
against the Bisons. He completed only one out of eight
passes for ten yards and had one interception as the
Birds led just 1-0 at the half.
So who will start? Even UBC head coach Casey
Smith doesn't seem to know, and if he does, he is certainly not tipping his hand.
Olson and Delong split practice time with the first-
string offensive unit this week and when asked directly about who will start, Smith said he will probably
make a decision right before the game.
"We're just happy that we've got two guys who can
step in there and do the job for us," Smith said.
Delong, for his part, downplayed the apparent
quarterback controversy and said all the right things
when asked about who should start.
"It depends on who does good this week [in prat-
ice], and we're both doing well—as long as we win, it
doesn't matter who starts," Delong said.
Olson, meanwhile, has kept a positive attitude
throughout the scrutiny. "I've just got to take it easy,
and wait for my chance, and if I get it, just move the
offence and score some points. That's all I can do."
Olson is also candid about his performance thus
far. "I haven't been playing football the way Shawn
Olson plays football," he said.
Olson is not sure why he has struggled. "I think a lot
of it was maybe I wasn't having as much fun as I was
last year, and that's why you play the game. This year
there were expectations—last year there weren't."
The difference between the two quarterbacks in
terms of style is substantial. Delong, who hails from
Blaine Wa., likes to scramble and make things happen
on the run. Olson, on the other hand is a classic pocket quarterback with greater arm strength.
Veteran tailback Mark Nohra, the Birds' most
explosive offensive weapon thus far this season said
he has confidence in both. "They hand the ball off the
same way," he joked.
So far, the running game has certainly carried the
offence.
However, Smith spreads blame for the team's poor
offensive showing around. "It's not just Shawn," he
said. "It's been the whole offence. We've missed a
block here, dropped a ball there. Sometimes we've
looked really good and really sharp, and moved the
ball well, it's just a matter of consistency. You can't
just zero in on one position."
But whoever starts at quarterback against the
Clansmen should find cracks in SFU's secondary; the
Clan has been devastated by opposing QB's in their
first three games, giving up over 230 yards per game
and six TD passes.
And if UBC does reclaim the Shrum Bowl, the Birds
should feel a lot better when they look themselves in
the mirror. ♦
DAN DELONG: backup has impressed
this season, richard lam photo
Birds head into Shrum Bowl as favourites
by Wolf Depner
Two football teams heading in two different directions will meet this Saturday in Shrum Bowl XX,
the gridiron grudge match between SFU and UBC.
For 3-1 UBC, this is the best of times. For the
SFU Clansmen this is the worst of times. Playing
in the US-based NAIA, the Clansmen are off to a
dismal 0-3 start while the Birds are on a serious
roll with three straight wins.
UBC players however, insist they are not taking
SFU lightly, something several players admitted
they were guilty of last year when SFU trounced
UBC 25-15 in front of 5,000 fans at Thunderbird
Stadium.
"We were not really focused on what we needed to do," said linebacker Casey Souter before
Tuesday's practice. "There was just too much
hype and we just didn't come out and do what we
needed to win."
The Birds took too many dumb penalties and
couldn't stop the run as SFU's Shawn Lee and
David Mattiazzo combined for 127 yards and two
touchdowns on the ground. Lee is not back for
SFU this year, but Mattiazzo is and once again,
he'll be the key to Simon Fraser's offensive success.
"He is a great back," said UBC defensive coordinator Dave Johnson about Mattiazzo, who has
averaged 123.3 yards over SFU's first three
games. He has also rushed for four touchdowns.
"He is probably the best one we'll play against
all year and [he] is going to be a huge challenge for
us," Johnson added.
Souter- is confident the Birds' defense is up to
it though. His confidence is well justified as the
Birds' defense has been nothing short of dominating.
Last weekend, UBC's defense held Manitoba's
Craig Carr to only 66 yards on 15 carries.
"Hopefully, we can do that to [Mattiazzo] too,"
Souter said.
If UBC shuts down Mattiazzo, the Clansmen
are in big trouble because SFU's passing game is
nowhere near as good as it was last season.
Second year quarterback Terry Kleinsmith has
struggled with three touchdowns and six interceptions in three games. His pass completion is
around 45 per cent and SFU converts only 34 per
cent of all third down attempts. It has all added up
to an offense that has scored only 17 points per
game.
"Basically, we have been playing well, we just
have not been making the big plays," said Chris
Beaton, SFU's head coach about his team's offensive problems. And it is doubtful the Clan will get
many big plays against UBC's secondary, which
leads the Canada West in interceptions with eleven.
With the game being played under American
rules, UBC has to take one of its five defensive
backs off the field, but Noel Thorpe, UBC's defensive back coach, said his unit will actually benefit
from playing under American rules. They will
allow less motion by wide-outs before the snap.
"We're used to a lot of motion and used to
adjusting on the fly," Thorpe said. "In this game,
we're not going to have to adjust like that. We can
just sit there and be patient."
One big reason UBC's secondary has played so
well has been its physical style of play and its size.
Free safety Shane Sommerfeld is a hard hitting
kid with excellent range. Corners Chris Hoople
(6'4", 215 lb) and Curtis Galick (6'2", 212), meanwhile, play and look more like small linebackers
than defensive backs, but both are still fast
enough to cover receivers one-on-one.
This combination of speed and size should
prove to be effective against SFU's speedy, but
small receivers.
"With our big corners we can get right into
their face and jam them on the tine of scrimmage
or not allow them to release downiield like
they would like to," Thorpe explained.
While UBC defense heads into Saturday's
game with confidence that comes from shutting out Manitoba 32-0 last week, there are
some big questions surrounding UBC's
offense.
The biggest one of course is who will
start at quarterback. Will it be Shawn Olson
who has struggled for the first four games
of the season, but played well in last year's
Shrum Bowl? Or will it be Dan Delong who
did an excellent job in relief of Olson last
week against Manitoba?
• UBC head coach Casey Smith said he
will make his decision around game time.
One thing is for certain though. Nohra
will get plenty of work Saturday night and
UBC's offense will only go as far as Nohra
wants it to.
If Nohra continues to bowl over
defenders the way he has in the past two
games and if UBC's secondary continues
to pound opposing wide receivers, UBC
will win by a handy margin. If not, the
final result will be closer, but in the end,
UBC's defense alone can win the game.'*
UBC players to exorcise past demons
www.sony.com phoenix^ AT THEATRES OCTOBER 3   m
SUBJECT TO CLASSIFICATION
Distributed Through Columbia TriStar Flims of Canada
MARK NOHRA will be key in the Shrum Bowl.
RICHARD LAM PHOTO
         by Wolf Depner
Thunderbirds Mark Nohra, Curtis Galick and
Aaron Iverson seem to have very little in common as football players. Nohra is a bruising
fallback who has been through every imaginable battle. Galick is an athletic corner back and
kickoff returner nicknamed Superfiy for his
hell-bent style of play. Iverson, meanwhile, is a
wide-eyed rookie receiver who gets teased with
the nickname Buttercup by veteran offensive
lineman Bob Beveridge.
In actual fact, all three have far more in
common than it may appear on the surface.
They will enter Shrum Bowl XX with that extra
ounce of motivation, hoping to exorcise past
Shrum Bowl demons.
"I have never really had a great, great game
in the Shrum Bowl and I really want to have a
great game to finish my career," said Nohra
before Tuesday's practice.
Nohra, who will play in his fourth Shrum Bowl,
struggled in last year's game. He rushed for only
72 yards and fumbled right on his own goal line
early in the first quarter. The turnover set up SFU's
first score and was a sure sign of things to come as
the Birds lost by a flattering 25-15 margin.
That was last year though and Nohra wants
to go out with a bang. Judging from the way he
has played in the past two games, Saturday may
just be the day when he explodes.
That's what happened to Curtis Galick's left
knee last year when Clansman Jon Needham
chop-blocked him. "It was a dirty hit," recalled
Galick who had to undergo season-ending surgery to repair a torn medial collateral ligament
Galick has come back strong this season.
Just last week against Manitoba, he tied a CIAU
record in interceptions with four, earning him
Canada West player of the week honours.
Galick said he has put the injury behind
him. "I just go out there and play hard, hying to
win a game." But the Shrum Bowl is not just
another game and you can bet Galick will play a
little bit harder when Needham crosses his
way again.
Iverson, meanwhile, should not have any
problems picking out familiar SFU faces on
the field as he was with SFU back in 1993.
But as a red-shirt, he didn't play in Shrum
Bowl XVII. So he just stood and watched in
agony from the sidelines as UBC's Andrew
English walked onto the field and kicked a
field goal on the game's last play to give the
Birds a 2 0-17 win. Iverson took the loss hard.
"Everybody who plays the game wants to
win. And to lose even when you're just contributing in practices as a red-shirt does, is
always shitty."   -
Now he stands on the other side of the
fence. And instead of watching Shrum
Bowl lore being written, he hopes to be a
part of it.
Three different players. Three different
stories. Three different destinies. They
will all come together in one game.*>
<£6rttfH ftte
Vour fight card to Shram Bowl XX
(0-3 in NAIA 2) *    Smm Frase*>-"".en
Where: Swangard Stadium, Burnaby.
When: Saturday, October 4. Kickoff: 7:00 PM
The Dial: CiTR 101.9
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"just" an exEibiton fa"? tlZ*. ?*!?U*r>* 8™- is
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there will be fouNowns S^lj ^"L™ ru,es' meani"S
changes to the 3£n£KS£ *?* Significan?
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vT^ZZvTz?*Mark Nohra * «* «
interceptions). /    ^^ corner Curtis Galick (four
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UBC 24 SFU 10 8
THE UBYSSEY • FRIDAY. OCTOBER 3, 1997
i
AIDS Awareness Week confronts ignorance
One week a year is not enough to educate people about a
disease that has infected a possible 9,000 British
Columbians, say AIDS educators, but they took September
October 5 to try.
that AIDS awareness week is very good but one
of the year is not enough," said Peal Wierenga,
health education coordinator. "Awareness of sexual
important year round and we certainly do some of
it's a large campus and there is always room for
think
29 to
"I
week out
UBC
health is
that but
more.
Ed
of the
members
"We had
more,' to
Gay
Yetmg, Pride UBC social coordinator and a member
AMS  external  commission agreed.  Commission
handed out condoms in the Pit Pub this week.
range of responses from, 'Oh cool can we have
'Oh I don't use condoms.' I just hope they're just
intern itional.
An
be such
tional
Dennis
Mind
Trobe
lecture
ofthe
tional gay
Such a
last
poss:
poses a
being gay
seems to
adding
ments
"The gi
thut
have
[service
rights] are;
fairly
rest of the
Altaian
tions
addressed
by Kersi Regelous
not having sex and therefore not using condoms rather
than practising unsafe sex."
This year's week long theme was the changing face of
AIDS and, according to Yeung, the province's youth make
up part of that face. "We are part of that group. Sexual activity happens on campus whether we like to trunk so or not."
Hollie Burrage, nursing team leader for UBC student
health services, added that while she is encouraged to see
many students come in for testing, because it indicates they
are aware of the dangers, it is important to work on preventative education as well.
Resources like the campus peer counselling organisation and Speakeasy are places many UBC students turn to
for advice.
"We don't necessarily get a lot of people wanting general information about AIDS, but we do get people asking
about what services they can turn to," said peer counsellor
Brian Zieler. "If someone were to approach us and say they
thought they might be HIV positive, we would advise them
to get tested and direct them to Health Services."
Pride UBC marked AIDS awareness week with an information booth in the SUB, and formed a delegation to march
in last Sunday's AIDS Walk.
Volunteers are one the most valuable sources used in
educating and assisting students, said Nancy Blain, coordinator of volunteers with the Dr. Peter Centre, a day facility
for adults with HIV or AIDS.
Blain came to the SUB last Tuesday as part of the AMS
volunteer fair, hoping to solicit students' help and time. The
recently opened centre aims to provide a wide range of aid,
but like most organisations offering help they need a number of volunteers to cope with the demand.
"By volunteering we can show people living with the disease that society really cares," said Blain.*>
movement won't go international,
by Federico Barahona
gay movement may not
good tiling, says an interna-
autjior and gay activist.
Altaian, author of AIDS in the
of America and a professor at La
University in Australia, said in a
Wednesday he was sceptical
ibility of a genuinely interna-
and lesbian movement,
movement, he added, presup-
cimmon understanding of what
is across all societies. "That
me very unlikely," he said,
different national gay move-
different goals,
clals ofthe American movement
i the military and marriage
very specific... They would be
ningless to most people in the
world."
added that there are also ques-
aboit inequality and power to be
Given how small gay organisations
are in the non-Western world, he said, it's
hard for them to participate on equal
footing with major organised groups in
Western countries.
"Either the international movement
enforces a Western framework, or it constantly tries to speak for people it actually doesn't represent," he explained.
According to Altaian, increasing
urbanisation around the world won't
homogenise gay communities.
"People have now similar material
conditions, but the political responses
that are possible will be very different," he
said, adding that people in Manila organise differently from people in Jakarta.
The tendency, however, is for an international push towards recognising human rights, he concluded. Altaian sees
the global problem of HIV and AIDS as
one of the catalysts for this move.
"One of the consequences of AIDS is
that it's opened up certain sorts of discourses and possibilities," he said.<-
DENNIS ALTMAN says international gay movement won't work, richard lam photo
New dentistry program at UBC a big problem
by Todd Silver
A unique problem-solving program introduced to :irst year dentistry students this
year has them skipping lectures-almost all
of them.
Lessoni in the program are provided not
through traditional lectures, labs, and tutorials, but through medical case scenarios
the students must solve. According to
Christopher Clark, a dentistry professor, the
'real world' approach brings students away
from rote learning and memorisation.
"Instead of being lectured about a topic
like blood-gas interface they learn about a
patient who had kidney failure and how that
will relate to dental care," said Clark.
One of Lhe main goals of the program is
to produce
and reevaluating their skills long after they
students who can keep learning
leave university. "You can learn a lot in four
years of dental school, but if you stop your
learning there, in a few years you'll be
incompetent," said Clark.
Ali Behmard, a first year student in the
program, agreed the new curriculum will
help students when they graduate from the
faculty.
"(The program) increases communication skills and it's got to make you a better
practitioner: you see more interaction with
patients and you learn more how to interact
with patients," he said.
Problem based learning has become a
fixture of Canadian medical schools since
McMaster University in Hamilton pioneered it in the 1960s. UBC medical school
finally shifted to the program this year after
almost four years of planning.
Since dentistry and medical students
share many of the same classes, the dentistry faculty thought it would be logical to
base the whole program on problem based
learning.
UBC dentistry is one of the first
Canadian dentistry programs to do so.
Clark said one risk with starting the program with first year students while not
offering it to upper level students this year,
is that upper level students will be left in the
shadow of the new program. He doesn't
want them to be ignored.
"We are trying not to let that blow up in
our face, it has been a problem in other
schools who have been in this situation."
Marcia Boyd, the associate dean of dentistry, said that some students could have
problems adjusting to the new program.
"Some of them will find it difficult
because they are shy and because there may
be a cultural influence there—that they are
not particularly assertive—so becoming a
part of a tutorial group and trying to participate equally in that structure will take
some personal development."
Behmard worried that some within the
program, the medical students in particular, are wondering about the evaluation system. Instead of the usual examinations and
labs a lot ofthe students' marks will depend
on evaluations by instructors. And in some
areas students will be awarded only pass or
fail standing, instead of a letter grade.
"(The medical students) are going into
residence and they want their marks to be
shown on the transcripts, they don't want to
be shown just as a P, as a pass.
"But for us (dental students) I don't think
it matters that much because the point is
learning anyway."*>
TO
A Children's
Literacy Program
Be a
Volunteer litor
and
Open the World of
Reading to a Child
Do you have 2-3 hours a
week during file DAY to
help a child learn to read?
The Junior League of
Greater Vancouver
Phone: 464-0042
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-\4:e%%
APEC Special Issue
the ubyssey
news/perspectives/analysis
What's the deal with
this APEC thing?
Writers wanted
Tuesday Oct 6 1:30 PM     sub, 241k THE UBYSSEY*FI*»A<rftSCrOI
UBC equity plan gets opposition
 by Chris Nuttall-Smith
An equity policy to encourage women, people with disabilities,
visible minorities, and aboriginal people to apply for jobs at
UBC is up for renewal, and it may get some opposition.
Kevin Dwyer, president of the Graduate Students' Society
(GSS), said if the policy is renewed by the BC
Human Rights Commission (BCHRC), it might
make it impossible to bring a complaint to the
provincial body about UBC's hiring practices.
"We don't want to see this exclusion," said
Dwyer. "We don't want to see it get harder for
grad students to go to the rights commission
when they feel they have a legitimate complaint,
when they, in their consideration have been
poorly dealt with on campus."
r oyer's complaint isn't with the policy itself,
but with the limitations a specific BCHRC
approval will put on people who feel they've
been mistreated when applying for ajob at UBC.
But according to Sharon Kahn, vice president
of equity, the policy is hardly controversial. And
it's nothing new; it's been in place since 1988
and is only up for renewal.
"We still have to abide by human rights legislation in the province, absolutely, and people are
able to bring complaints against UBC," Kahn said.
The plan's prime objective is to help UBC
recruit and retain a diverse workforce.
"What we want is to say that our employment equity pro
gram does not violate provincial legislation. And to date it's
been deemed not to be in violation," Kahn said.
The equity plan applies to all of UBC's employees, including
faculty, teaching assistants and library staff, bookstore, food
sendees and plant operations employees.
Dwyer said he expects the GSS will ask the BCHRC not to
renew its approval of the equity policy.
The AMS also plans to make a submission before the October 10 deadline, but
student union officials say they haven't
yet decided whether to support the plan.
Provincial human rights legislation
allows public bodies to create special
programs to increase hiring of people
from under-represented groups. According to Harinder Mahil, deputy chief
commissioner of the BCHRC, once the
rights body approves UBC's equity policy, it's difficult for someone to successfully complain that the policy discriminated against them.
"We'd take the complaint and then
advise the complainant that basically
the employer does have an employment
equity plan. Under the plan they may
give preference to [target groups]," said
Mahil.
It's not mandatory to get BCHRC
approval for an equity plan, but such approval would likely protect the university from future complaints about the plan.
DWYER: equity approval will hurt
students, richard lam photo
"This is a preventive thing, it's not because we have a complaint against the program," Kahn said. Several public bodies
in BC, mcluding the University of Victoria, have equity policies
that are approved by the BCHRC.
UBC started its equity program in 1988 as part of a federal
commitment to receive research and contract fiinding from
Ottawa. The federal contractors' program requires recipients
to have employment equity plans.
The UBC policy drew national debate last year when Philip
Resnick, a political science professor, complained that UBC
practised reverse discrimination by encouraging under-represented groups to apply for university positions. He argued that
all qualified people—not just the target groups—should be
encouraged to apply.
Until then, UBC job advertisements included the statement
"UBC welcomes all qualified applicants, especially women,
aboriginal people, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities."
The job advertising policy was recendy changed to say
UBC hires on the basis of merit and welcomes all applicants.
Kahn defended the equity policy, saying it does not affect
university hiring decisions; it is meant only to broaden the pool
of job applicants.
"In selection we hire the best person for the job but we try
to ensure that we recruit widely and get as many women and
minority candidates as possible in that pool," Kahn said. "I
certainly personally wouldn't want to be associated with a
program that promotes reverse discrimination. I'm interested in elinainating chscrimLnation, not in promoting new
forms of it."**
Is a debt free degree a possibility?
by Sonya Han
Forget credit cards, stick to government loans
and shoot for every scholarship available if
you plan on making it through school without
a debt at the end.
"Debt doesn't just attack us for a few years
after we graduate; it determines our lifestyle
even after we retire," said Murray Baker,
author of The Debt Free Graduate. Baker
spoke in the SUB Wednesday.
He stressed that being both a smart
investor and consumer is the key to ehminat
ing student debt
Baker suggested students establish a
realistic yearly financial plan. He pointed
out that those who take out cash advances
on credit cards face the consequence of paying huge interest charges on top of the principal.
Searching for scholarships is also helpful,
Baker advised. He added that in addition to
universities, students should look into scholarships offered by various clubs, religious or
cultural affiliations, sports teams, and even
their parent's trade union.
"There are a lot of scholarships out there
that are not awarded each year, because people don't take the time to apply," he said.
He offered Scholarships, a book published
annually by Canadian Guidance Services, and
websites as helpful resources when searching
for funds. In Addition Baker recommended
government loans as being the best loans to
start with, because "you don't start accumulating interest until after you graduate."
Vivian Hoffmann, AMS director of finance,
said the talk was useful for students who are in
debt because of the cost of education.
"The average student debt has tripled in
the past three years. The expected (amount) of
student debt next year upon graduation is
$25,000," added Hoffmann.
Baker also advised students in the lunch
time audience to avoid credit cards when
possible, and to invest money rather than
keeping it in a bank account with a low interest rate.<*
V welcome
¥. M. Photography
Student Studio Portraits"
Tel: 271-1148        Fax:271-4148
]chp&     email:bmp@direct.ca
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AND EAT A GOOD LUNCH!
Spend lunchtime with UBC grads who have
made the transition from school to career
AND LIVED TO TELL ABOUT IT!
Meet men and women who are working at
jobs YOU would like to get when you
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Cost is $25 and includes a I hour
networking workshop a week before the
mentor lunch.
Sponsored by the UBC Alumni Association, the faculties of
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Call Kristin Smith at the UBC Alumni Association, 822-8643
or e-mail kristins@alumni.ubc.ca &    3*     -t     M-
^HJOA-A^I
BER 3, 1997
i I liraiitt
October 3. 1997 • volume 79 issue 9
Editorial Board
Coordinating Editor
Joe Clark
News
Sarah Galashan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
Culture
Richelle Rae
Sports
Wolf Depner
National/Features
Jamie Woods
Photo
Richard Lam
Production
Federico Barahona
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
is published every Tuesday and Friday by
The Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically
run student organisation, and all students
are encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not necessarily
reflect the views of The Ubyssey
Publications Society or the University of
British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in The
Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey
Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein
cannot be reproduced without the
expressed, written permission of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone
number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be
checked when submissions are dropped off
at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given
to letters and perspectives over freestyles
unless the latter is time senstitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the
writer has been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301  fax:822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Advertising
Scott Perry
The score in the Shrum Bowl between the Ubyssey
Ramblers and the Campus Times Wankers was tied 14-14
with 2:35 left in the fourth quarter when Rambler's head
coach Douglas Quan signalled quarterback John "The Z
Man" Zaozirny to get back in the game. Injured on the play
before, Z-Man could only hobble into the huddle. "The
play is 86X Streak," he muttered. His offensive line-Bruce
Arthur, Federico Barahona, Todd Silver, Dale Lum, and
Slavko Bucifal-clapped their grass^tained and bloody
hands in approval. Once at the line of scrimmage, Z-Man
figured Andy Barham was going to blitz and motions tight
end Joe Clark to get into a blocking stance. The ball was
snapped with but one tick left on the clock and the
Wankers' rush led by Richelle Rae and Jamie Woods-was
suffocating. Star running back Wolf Depner put a good
block on blitzing cornerback Chris Nuttall Smith, but it
was not good enough. Zaozirny was flushed out of the
pocket He scrambled to the left, evaded a tackle by Kersey
Regelous, and looked downfield for Sarah Galashan and
Richard Lam. Linebacker John Bolton almost got a hand
on Zaozirny, but ZMan took one step to the left and
heaved the ball downfield to a streaking Holly Kim who
made a spectular catch to give the Ramblers field position
on the 34 yard line. After failing to pick up a first down,
Afshin Mehin walked onto the field to attempt a SO yard
field goal. "Here comes the snap, it's up, it's good," came
the call from broadcast booth. The Ramblers streamed
onto the field and hugged Mehin and Marina Antunes
greeted Zaozirny in the locker room with a Gatorade
Shower, a hug, and a bucket of Kentucky Fried Chicken
which Zaozirny choked on the very next moment Silke
Hartmann could just watch and shake her head.
The development of new cocktail therapies
has proven almost miraculous for many
AIDS patients. Finally, it seems, a solution
for one of society's biggest problems has
arrived.
But, as with most miracle cures, this one
comes with hidden costs. Namely, people have
begun to forget about what spreads the disease
in the first place.
In the Downtown Eastside, it's intravenous
drug use, housing shortages and lack of education. The fact that the area contains the highest
HIV infection rate in the industrialised world
suggests that it's not going away.
It's AIDS awareness week and the news is
ripe with reports of demands for safe houses
for needle users, homeless people infecting
themselves in order to get better government
benefits, and government ministers vowing
never to condone drug use, even if it will lower
the HIV infection rate.
Sure, we're all aware of AIDS, but are we
doing anything for the people most likely to get
it?
Imagine what it must be like in a place
where half of the intravenous drug users have
HIV or AIDS. Imagine a place where needle
addicts are being infected at a rate of 20 per
cent per year: of 1000 needle users, 500
already have HIV or AIDS. Next year 700 of
them will have it.
■H* t
Welcome    to    AIDS    awareness    week,     sors
Welcome to Vancouver.
Our elected officials are floundering on the
AIDS issue somewhere between ignorance and
the moral high ground.
The ignorance: we don't even know whether
needle exchange programs cause more damage than they undo. The needle exchange program in Vancouver was designed to help intra
venous drug users who abuse heroin, not
cocaine. But in Vancouver, cocaine has become
the drug of choice. Cocaine addicts can shoot
up 20 times a day, rather than the one or two
times heroin users average. The exchange pro
gram offers only one or two needles a day. By
bringing addicts together, the program offers
them the opportunity to meet each other and
set up their own exchange.
The moral high ground: Joy MacPhail, who
not long ago approved provincial funding for
cocktail therapies, says she won't allow 'shooting galleries,' safe places where addicts can
shoot up with clean needles and out of back
alleys, so long as she's health minister. She
won't condone the use of an illegal substance.
The moral high ground is where ignorance
and stupidity meet.
The problems of AIDS go far deeper than the
disease itself. Their precursors are rooted in
poverty, inequality, lack of decent housing and
education, and mental illness. Societal precur-
Would education cut the AIDS infection
rate? We think so. Education that gave people
hope and knowledge would keep them off the
street in the first place. Education that tried to
get street people off the streets would cut the
AIDS infection rate.
We'll say the same for anti-poverty measures. And housing initiatives. And well funded, realistic programs for people who are mentally ill (yes, keeping institutions like Riverside
open would be a start), not to mention funding
studies aimed at solving the problems that are
special to Vancouver.
But will it happen? There was a debate sim
ilar to this one in the late 80s and early 90s. It
was about whether we should admit that AIDS
is a problem (there is, after all, a simple preventative). Just as there's an uproar now over
shooting galleries and needle exchanges, there
was a battle then over condoms. The people
standing on the high ground didn't want to see
condoms (read: sex) promoted. There were
demonstrations just about every time a high
school tried to put a condom machine in the
bathroom. One of the best preventative measures against HIV and AIDS was demonised.
Sounds kind of like what's happening to
addicts living around Main and Hastings.
If there's anything we should be learning
from AIDS, it's that we shouldn't be allowing
SI
Ganadian
Unriversity
Ress
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
Is this a boo-boo?
I am responding to Antonio Zuniga's
Perspective of 30 Sept concerning the
law suit against UBC's tuition increases.
Mr. Zuniga claims that the money
from international research graduate
students is benefiting his education. I
disagree; under the formula approved
by the UBC Board of Governors, most
of the faculties have allocated their
share of the increase to scholarships
and bursaries for international graduate students. The only money that
could benefit him from new students
would be the $962 allocated to the
administration; however, this money
is not being given to the faculties. In
fact, with these changes, departments
are probably not seeing this revenue as
they are having fewer international
graduate students enroll. The only
money that the departments are getting from the increases is the 24 per
cent increase aplied to continuing
international graduate students.
The second claim Mr. Zuniga
makes is that the University will follow
its procedure in the fiiture—with or
without the law suit Again, I disagree.
Perhaps the only message the university took from the failed referendum
was that they shouldn't even ask in the
future.
Mr. Zuniga is correct in stating that
British Columbians are subsidising
International Research Graduate
Students. However, I believe that these
students benefit the province and the
university far more than they cost
After all, these students have been subsidised by another country for all their
basic education. They then come here
to produce research and in most cases
teach.
I would also like to clarify one point
about the action. Part of it is contesting
the 1.6 per cent tuition fee increase
that has been applied to all UBC students on the grounds that it violates the
Tax and Consumer Rate Freeze Act
(1996). This also affects day to day
teaching very little as the revenue does
not enter the University's General
Purpose Operating Fund.
Michael Hughes
PhD Candidate
Short Report retort
A recent experience I had with the UBC
Reports has cured me of my naive
notion that the UBC Reports is a newspaper. I had always realized that the
publication was rather boring in its
subject matter and even that it was a
tool of the Aclministration to report its
views, but I hadn't quite understood
how deeply it was biased.
I sent in a letter to respond to an
article written by the APEC office of
Canada that appeared in the UBC
Reports. Anticipating that the last few
lines of the letter were a bit risque for
that publication, I included my phone
number and asked to be called if there
were any concerns. The letter was not
published until a month later, and
much to my dismay it was not printed
entirely. Lo and behold, those same
last lines were conspicuously absent
I called the editor and was
informed that their policy was not to
edit letters, definitely not without consulting the authors). She said that she
was surprised to find no notes about
the editing, and stated that it must
have happened at the last minute.
Together we tried to establish what had
caused the last minute edit After I
stuck up for the nonredundancy ofthe
last sentence, defended its relevance to
the response and once again pointed
out that it was a letter, not an article, I
asked for some justice to be done in
the form of a printed correction. The
editor did not want to deal with the
issue herself and informed me that I'd
have to write a letter to the Managing
Editor, which I have done. I haven't
heard back from them yet So I hope a
correction will be printed, but in the
meantime I thought you should know
about it.here's the missing excerpt
from the letter:
"I would also like to comment on
the claim that "the Alma Mater and
Graduate Student societies have adopted more moderate policies." The
Graduate Student Society passed a
motion to publicly oppose the hosting
of the AELM. The Alma Mater Society
(AMS) has not taken an official position
on APEC or the hosting of the AELM.
Although they came within a few votes
of achieving the two-thirds necessary
to pass a motion opposing hosting the
AELM, AMS executive member Jenny
Chen continues to work with APEC
organisers on campus."
De-beat goes on
I would like to respond to some of
the excellent question that Lilian
Chau posed in her last letter. She
has brought our conversation to a
very important point that many of
us should be struggling with,
though few of us are. I am, of
coarse, referring to what each one
of us is prepared to do to express, or
defend our beliefs. She clearly
states that simply saying "No" is not
an effective mechanism for challenging oppressive forces. I agree,
however I would not dismiss the
small step of saying "No" to something obviously unjust as being
easy. Consider how few among us
can even get that far.
With respect to her questions
regarding the outcome if APEC
were somehow stopped, one can
only speculate. I would suggest that
workers and indigenous peoples
would continue struggling, but with
the knowledge that the powerful
business leaders and their puppet
dictators could be overcome, and
that there is solidarity worldwide
on this issue. I would imagine that
exploitation and environmental
damage would continue, but the
right to exploit and create environmental damage would not be
secured in international trade
agreements. Without APEC the lives
of most  people  would  probably
NicoleCapler       lettOrS COTlt pll THE UBYSSEYLs FRIDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1997
11
getters conf d     The battle of evermore?
change very little, they would win
some battles of freedom and
improved hving standards, and
they would lose some. This
includes us at home in Canada
where we are passively watching
our social system struggle against
the pressures imposed by NAFTA.
In ten years from now will we still
have a broadcasting, magazines,
and newspapers? We will still
have a publicly funded medical
system? If we want to continue
being a model country for equal
rights to health, wealth, and education then we had better get busy
and express that interest, because
it is slipping away.
At the present, the most severely oppressed people are challenging local business owners and
local corrupt government bureaucrats. Can you imagine these people protesting against a company
with a head office in Toronto?
Even harder to do when organised
labour is illegal. Of course this is
only speculation, but I think I am
approaching a broader perspective. I already have a fairly good
handle on the multinational corporation, profit motive end of
tilings.
However, I have undoubtedly
missed some other angles, and I
would appreciate hearing about
them. What would make APEC a
good thing? I would be curious to
know.
Lastly, I applaud Ms. Chau's
encouragement for alternative suggestions. This is where we should
be spending UBC's corporate donations, developing strategies to
reduce corporate influence on pub-
he institutions (ie. reducing corporate donations)! Why doesn't UBC
and the Canadian government
sponsor an APEW summit (Asian
Pacific Explited Workers)? There
will undoubtedly be many suggestions at the demonstration summits that are co-occurring with
APEC.
So, I will take back my life-jacket Ms. Chau. As you have suggested, you don't need it. Thanks for
the conversation. And as an aside,
if anyone is still not quite sure
what APEC is then I encourage you
to go out and find out what the hell
Ms. Chau and I are conversing
about. You might find it interesting.
Patrk-kWJTKi-wIrm
Botany Graduate Student
by Slavko Bucifal
Shrum Bowl time is upon us again, and once again
140 or so football players are Wtting extra hard this
week in practice. Although this game amounts to
zero for the standings, there is something much
deeper riding on this victory. Some people do not
understand the fuss, but football folk know all too
well that this is the battle for football supremacy in
BC. It's the hill vs. the point..or is it?
SFU has a record of 0-3 in NAIA play. Truthfully,
they have never been able to compete in this
four down American league. Fifth place
would qualify as a good season for the Clan.
The Shrum Bowl is the'only realistic piece of
hardware SFU can win...so this is the game to
end all games.
The Clans people have their pep rallies to
rah-rah-rah their team to victory! Bring home
the sacred Shrum (or is it Shrume?) back to
the Burnaby Mound...I mean Mountain.
Give us our place in the sun!!!
UBC may have a different take on the game.
Tied for first in the Canada West and seventh
place in the CIAU, the last thing the Birds want is
injuries.
It would be nice to play the
emperor, but they still need a
strong standing army afterwards.
SFU can spare their generals
because they know they will be outflanked in the end. UBC's light is
really yet to come.
That's not to say that the Birds
don't get hyped for the show. You
can't have 5,000 insane fans
throwing BEvERage cans (no worries, UBC offensive      lineman
Perspective
Bob Beveridge won't be tossed
anywhere) at the opposing mascot without some of that rage
spilling over, and I'm sure there is no better feeling in the world than walking into a drinking
establishment, locking eyes with a Clansmen, and
grinning ear to ear before brawling.
But with bragging rights, and only bragging
rights at stake, UBC may not be as interested in this
crown as they are in Sir Vanier's Cup.
The real fight at Shrum Bowl will probably take
place in the stands., .bring an umbrella even if it it's
sunny.»>
Slavko Bucifal is a third year Arts student He
hits the airwaves as CiTR's sports director.
Bucifal also played in Shrum Bowl XVHI
An incident on the eastside...
by Andy Barham
"That's a bit of excitement you don't see very often."
The driver is telling someone as I get off the bus. It's
the last stop, Broadway Station, and the bus always
pulls off onto Commercial Drive just before the
point where the Drive crosses the Grandview Cut.
"I don't want to iLave that kind of excitement too
often," the driver adds.
"Yeah, eh?" responds the passenger he was
addressing. It's not until after I get off the bus and
start walking North up the Drive myself that I begin
to understand exactly what's so ' exciting.'
There's quite a crowd hanging about on the
overpass. Most of the onlookers are leaning on the
railings, peering over the edge, down __
into the cut. It's quite a drop, should   iblpr ^£ Ei ^p ^f I Jf
one fall, like the gorge  at Lynn   -**■-■- tJ~' ^ *   ■' -™-*"1
Canyon...but without the cushioning
effect of Lynn Creek.
At the far end of the overpass, a fire engine sits
dejectedly, and two ambulances are parked under
the clump of scrubby alders on North Grandview.
In the centre of the overpass, facing the wrong
direction, a police c;ir sits.* Somebody's jumped.' I
think, " Poor bastard. Probably couldn't find a job,
and life on the edge just got to be too much for him.'
I fully understand and sympathise with the man's
loss of hope for the future.
As I walk past, I have to look. Curiosity, don'tyou
know, the source of all wisdom. A pair of ambulance men are manoeuvring a backboard near the
bod}', which is covered almost completely by a blue
tarp—the sort purchased at Canadian Tire for about
six bucks. Police officers and firemen are trying to
walk down the steep) slope; it's slippery and treacherous because its surface has been turned to gumbo
by all the rain we've had over the past week.
The only part ofthe body not covered by the tarp
is one lone bare arm flung forlornly to the side.
There is something so hopelessly pathetic about
that lifeless arm flopped so casually on the gravel
rail bed as though it epitomises the utter futility of
all last gestures, even those gestures born of unrelenting despair.
"What happened?" A voice demands gruffly,
"Somebody jump, or what, eh?"
Several of us turn to look at the speaker, a short
stocky man with a large gut and an unsliaven face.
He looks like a lot of people you'd see down here on
the Eastside, dressed in second hand clothes and
probably hving on a fixed or very low income. A
woman who appears to be of a
similar background informs
him that somebody jumped.
"Fuckin' asshole," the man
remarks angrily, "One more fuckin' asshole the taxpayers won't have to pay for. Good riddance!"
The woman and I both tell this guy, almost
simultaneously, to show a bit of compassion. But he
starts raving about how much better off society is
now that this unknown person has committed suicide. "I hope the bastard's dead." He concludes. And
this is just too much for me.
"It's entirely because there's too many selfish
pricks like you around that the poor bastard felt like
jumping in the first place, asshole!" I spit out at him,
for he's become, for a moment, the epitome of
everything that is wrong in this caring compassionate society we live in.
"Who cares about that guy anyway? He's a
fuckin' asshole!" The man shouts back.
"Obviously you don't" I reply, calling him a "Fat
useless cunt" as he stalks angrily down the Drive
Stick your message right up your medium
by Victoria Scott
Last week the Friday editorial of the Ubyssey
took the moral high ground and dramatically
asserted that "...by making the Goddess into
the battleground for APEC protest, activists
have inadvertently made the Goddess a casualty of their fight" The way they went on you
would think someone had desecrated the
bloody cross. Well, cry me a iuckin' river. You
can stick your message right up your medium.
The Ubyssey knows very well that up until
quite recently hardly anybody ever noticed the
goddamn statue.
It is utterly deceitful to suggest otherwise.
I also believe that it is equally disingenuous to
suggest that the Goddess has become a battleground, despite her new look. The real action on
this campus takes place far away in those warm
dry offices of the adiruhistration, barricaded
behind closed doors, layers of wall to wall carpeting and polite secretaries. Those boring
lengthy decisions made by unbelievably boring
people are the real weapons. Filed away under
lock and key in the aclministration's armory of
dusty cabinets, those secrets are what we should
really be worried about Of course the AMS is
supposed to cover our asses on that particular
front, but we all know how incapable they are
when it comes to standing up to the achTunistra-
tion, or just standing up for anything really. God
forbid 'they actually accomplish something
beyond redecorating their offices. At least those
vandals in the plaza managed to be effective (and
on a very small budget too, I might add!)
This brings me to my next point as much as
I am bored stiff by the subject of vandalism I
think some recent changes to the face of our fair
University call for fuirher.comment Many of you
will have noticed those large banners bearing the
words: 'Think about it" which have spontaneously appeared all over the campus. Baseball
caps with same slogan were passed out at the
inauguration of our new president Martha Piper,
who apparently, came up with the clever idea
herself. [ mean, at least that's what I assume. I
read something about in in the [Vancouver] Sun, but it wasn't very specific.
One has to ask: Why the hell does
a university, of all places, need a campaign to encourage people to hink
about things? What is this? Howdy Doody U?
Not only does the campaign attempt to reduce
the work, the history and the thought of an
entire university into three words, but it also
implies that we, the staff, students, and faculty,
do not think about the university. When actually we do, and have been doingsofara very, very
long time thankyou very much! It is not that we
have any trouble dunking about things (in fact
thinking about the university seems to be all we
do lately...), the real problem we have is making
the administration think about things.
Their motto seems to be: "Try not to think
about it"
In the Vancouver Sun article of Monday
September 29th, 1997 Piper quoted the
American artist Georgia O'Keefe: "It takes more
than talent It takes a kind of nerve." I would like
towards Broadway.
I walk home, thinking about that arm sprawled
listlessly on the railbed. Thinking about the angry,
heartless things said by the stocky poorly dressed
man, and my own response to all of it I think about
a society that prides itself on its social safety net,
and its compassion for the less fortunate, and yet
whose streets are filled with the homeless, a society
which demonises its victims, the lost ones who
can't seem to make it on their own.
I can't help wondering if it was someone I knew.
Later, back home, I tell my girlfriend about it, not
forgetting to mention my altercation with the street
person. She applauds my giving him a piece of my
mind, but then observes that it's probably his way
of dealing with something that he's really afraid of.
It doesn't take me too long to realise she's right
He's probably closer to the person who jumped
than I am. I at least can look forward, with some
small degree of hope, towards the future. It's the
future I'm hving in, in a sense. Certainly, it's what
I'm working towards. Getting angry and making
provocative statements is probably the only way a
guy like that can deal with his own unwelcome sympathetic connection to the suicide.
The image of the suicide's solitary protruding
arm won't leave me. I can't say exactly when I
realised that the arm was too slender, too soft and
supple to have been a man's arm. As I visualise it
more clearly in my rnind, I finally become aware
that it was the arm of a young woman. Probably
someone I knew. Probably someone we all knew, in
passing. ♦
Andy Barham is a fourth year Science student
and a frequent contributor to the Ubyssey.
Perspective
to suggest that actually it does not
take much nerve to herd a bunch
of sheep into moronic baseball
caps, nor does it take a lot of nerve to bow down
to government and corporate pressure. It does,
however, take a lot of nerve to stand up for students and faculty and the kind of critical learning
we are all striving to attain; it takes a lot of nerve
to get arrested for something you believe in; and
it takes a lot nerve to fight the corporate agenda
that APEC represents. An agenda which, by the
way, anti-intellectual slogans like "think about if
promote; an agenda which seeks to redefine, not
just the way we're educated, but our whole way
of being, until all we are left with is our pathetic
little McLives.
On Martha Piper's first day, she managed to
underhandedty insult a whole campus...what
was she thinking. And, oh my God, what's next?
Victoria HJ'. Scott is a member of APEC Alert H
it
t2 THEUB¥Si?«V -t*WDl«OCK*tR 3,1997
Scrappy Bitches kicking ass across Canada
by Marina Antunes
Who are the Scrappy Bitches? Veda Hille, Oh Susanna, and
Kinnie Starr are The Scrappy Bitches, three women who are
currently rocking their way across Canada, sharing their
music and message with the nation. The Scrappy Bitch Tour
is a cross Canada tour with two shows in New York, and the
last stop being in their hometown, Vancouver.
"We want to have people listen to very good music that is
very diverse." said Suzie Ungerleider about what she and
her touring companions hope to achieve with the tour.
So is it good music? You
bet your ass! These grrrls,
collectively perform a
unique mix of blues, punk,
and the traditional folk.
Here's an example of
what you'll get to sample at
the up-coming concert in
Vancouver on October 6:
Listening to Veda Hille's
CD Spine, it comes off as a
shocking flashback to 1915.
It is like sitting in a silent
movie theatre, watching a
black and white and having
the orchestra play in front of
you. An emotionally charged, well thought out album,
Spine is easily becoming a
classic. There is a touch of
Hille's classical influences
with the piano in such songs
as "Sweet", and "Strange,
Sad". Hille herself said this
comes from being a huge
fan of Canada's late, great,
concert     pianist,     Glenn
Gould. "I flunk that Glenn Gould is just amazing. He's
great. He plays Bach," said Hille.
Hille is one grrrl that has stardom written all over her.
But she isn't satisfied with just catering to the limits ofthe
local music scene. While Hille was touring in Belgium, her
album received critical acclaim by Rif Raf, a local music
magazine. "I played a music festival over there, and Ani
Difranco mentioned to me that she had played there. She
told me that they were good people. They've been helping
me out a lot." Hille explained.
Oh Susanna takes up where Hille leaves off. Her
self titled album oh susanna gives a more traditional folk sound to the lineup. Her music is backed
by a guitar and her own voice, with the occasional
accompaniment of drums and string instruments.
The simplicity of the album is brilliant.
"I really love story songs and things that really
paint a vivid picture," said Suzie Ungerleider,
"[that's why) I was really into the Stones and the
Clash when I was growing up. I've always been
interested in photography
and film and that is
probably the reason why
I'm so concerned with
having strong images
[in my music]."
Oh Susanna's album
is a rollercoaster ride of
emotions.   Daring yet
simple. Who ever said that more was better?
And last, but by far not the least, there is Kinnie Starr. She
is a straightforward, in-your-face performer that adds a twist
to the entire collaboration of sounds. Starr's CD Tidy... has
the loudest sound of the three artists. Combine heavy guitar
riffs with a beautiful
voice and poetic lyrics
and you have the intense
and ironic sound of
Kinnie Starr. Her CD is
the definitive feminist
statement of the 90's,
dealing with everything
from sex and love, to the
potential dangers of
using tampons. Though
the album has a strong following and she is on tour with it,
Starr already has plans to get back to the drawing board.
"I'm working on my new record, I got thirteen songs
recorded, but I got a lot of work to do and then I got another
eight more [songs] to do," said Starr.
The grrrls love touring together, and find the collaboration to be a creative and challenging one.
"We want people to be attracted to our kind of fun." said
Ungerleider. "It's great to be touring together. We probably
will [tour together] again in the future."
The Scrappy Bitch Tour gives the artists an opportunity to
have fun with their music because, at closer observation, our
music is all very serious," said Ungerleider. Things are going
well." she added, "It's been a real rock and roll show."
The Bitches will be in town to kick some ass at Richards
on Richards on Mondav, October 6th.<*
\>eavjy fr H povte/v
SUM    HUN
\\< )N\I   \
|N!1( )l   I I > HI
Ml. \H1 >
the worlds
HealthSmith
Community Medical Clinic
4347 W. 10th Ave., Vancouver,
222-2685  www.riealthsmith.com
presents   an   evening
with Naomi Wolf
Whether the result of childhood
conditioning or social pressure, too many
women feel powerless and ashamed.
Who speaks for women?
Naomi Wolf does.
Naomi Wolf encourages women to feel worthy
of love, regardless of their so-called "beauty",
to use their numbers to get more for women,
to feel comfortable with their desire.
Naomi Wolf is an agent of health.
HealthSmith Medical Clinic is proud
to present Naomi Wolf
as the first speaker in our
Women's Wellness Seminar Series.
SUNDAY  OCTOBER  12.  1997  6:00  PM
THE   CHAN   CENTRE  AT   UBC
UBC FilmSoc
Oct 3-5, Norm Theatre, SUB
Operation Condor
17       Face/Off
THE KITS KROOZER
Free pick up & drop off from the UBC Bookstore
The Georgia Straight
U/tftfatf The Chal, Centre
WOWI.
MIHTIHC i
CM WIKS
BCTV
The Four Seasons
Duthie Books
CFUN1410
Talk with Attitude
PROCEEDS      TO
The   Eating  Disorders  Resource   Centre   of  British  Columbia   and  Avalon  Women's  Centres
Tickets  available  at Ticket  Master 280-4444 Adults  $25.00.
Seniors  and  Students  $22.50.   Mother/ Daughter $45
For more  details call  Anita  at 222-2685

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