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The Ubyssey Mar 7, 1972

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Array Sisterhood
Wednesday is International
Women's Day. Today The
Ubyssey issues its second special
edition on women in conjunction
with women's week on campus.
• schedule   of   women's   week,
page 2.
• working conditions on campus,
page 3.
• Canadian    laws   and    women,
page 6.
• ways   of   educating   children,
page 9.
• women and sports, page 11-12.
Vol. LUI, No. 58
1 want a wife'
I belong to that classification
of people known as wives. I am A
Wife. And, not altogether
incidentally, I am a mother.
Not too long ago a male friend
of mine appeared on the scene
fresh from a recent divorce. He
had one child, who is, of course,
with ex-wife. He is obviously
looking for another wife. As I
thought about him while I was
ironing one evening, it suddenly
occurred to me that I, too, would
like to have a wife. Why do I want
a wife?
I would like to go back to
school so that I can become
economically independent,
support myself, and, if need be,
support those dependent upon
me. I want a wife who will work
and send me to school. And while
I am going to school I want a wife
to take care of my children. I
want a wife to keep track of the
children's doctor and dentist
appointments. And to keep track
of mine, too. I want a wife to
make sure" my children eat
properly   and  are  kept clean.  I
want a wife who will wash the
children's clothes and keep them
mended. I want a wife who is a
good nurturant attendant to my
children, who arranges for their
schooling, makes sure that they
have an adequate social life with
their peers, takes them to the
park, the zoo, etc. I want a wife
who takes care of the children
when they are sick, a wife who
arranges to be around when the
children need special care,
because, of course, I cannot miss
classes at school. My wife must
arrange to lose time at work and
not lose the job. It may mean a
small cut in my wife's income
from time to time, but I guess I
can tolerate that. Needless to say,
my wife will arrange and pay for
the care of the children while my
wife is working.
I want a wife who will take
care of my physical needs. I want
a wife who will keep my house
clean. A wife who will pick up
after me. I want a wife who will
keep my clothes clean, ironed,
mended, replaced when need be,
and who will see to it that my
personal things are kept in their
proper place so that I can find
what I need the minute I need it. I
want a wife who cooks the meals,
a wife who is a good cook. I want
a wife who will plan the menus,
do the necessary grocery
shopping, prepare the meals, serve
them pleasantly, and then do the
cleaning up while I do my
studying. I want a wife who will
care for me when I am sick and
sympathize with my pain and loss
of time from school. I want a wife
to go along when our family takes
a vacation so that someone can
continue to care for me and my
children when I need a rest and
change of scene.
I want a wife who will not
bother me with rambling
complaints about a wife's duties.
But I want a wife who will listen
to me when I feel the need to
explain a rather difficult point I
have come across in my course of
studies. And I want a wife who
will type my papers for me when I
have written them.
I want a wife who will take
care of the details of my social
life.  When  my   wife   and  I  are
invited out by my friends, I want
a wife who will take care of the
babysitting arrangements. When I
meet people at school that I like
and want to entertain, I want a
wife who will have the house
clean, will prepare a special meal,
serve it to me and my friends, and
not interrupt when I talk about
the things that interest me and my
friends. I want a wife who will
have arranged that the children
are fed and ready for bed before
my guests arrive so that the
children do not bother us.
And I want a wife who knows
that sometimes I need a night out
with the boys.
I want a wife who is sensitive
to my sexual needs, a wife who
makes love passionately and
eagerly when I feel like it, a wife
who makes sure that I am
satisfied. And, of course, I want a
wife who will not demand sexual
attention when I am not in the
mood for it. I want a wife who
assumes the complete
responsibility for birth control,
because I do not want more
children. I want a wife who will
remain sexually faithful to me so
that I do not have to clutter up
my intellectual life with
jealousies. And I want a wife who
understands that my sexual needs
may entail more than strict
adherance to monogamy. I must,
after all, be able to relate to
people as fully as possible.
If, by chance, I find another
person more suitable as a wife
than the wife I already have, I
want the liberty to replace my
present wife with another one.
Naturally, I will expect a fresh,
new life; my wife will take the
children and be solely responsible
for them so that I am left free.
When I am through with school
and have a job, I want my wife to
quit working and remain at home
so that my wife can more fully
and completely take care of a
wife's duties.
My God, who wouldn't want a
Reprinted from The Rag
(Liberation News Service).
Illustration by Wendy Frost. Page 2
Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Women's Week program
Tuesday: Women and social change
Women in China: Slides and discussion by
Joyce Marvin, a recent visitor to China and Ann
Harley, China specialist at UBC in the SUB ballroom
at 12:30 p.m.
Women & socialist theory: An open seminar
with     NDP-Waffler     Hilda    Thomas,     sociology
professor Dorothy Smith and others at UBC in the
SUB art gallery at 2:30 p.m.
The women's liberation movement in Canada:
A discussion by Sandra Foster, eastern Canada and
Maggie Benston, western Canada at The Canadian
Woman: Our Story, UBC, the SUB ballroom at 7
Wednesday: Women and work
Women & unions: A talk "by Madeleine Parent,
Quebec labor' organizer involved in the recent
Tex-Pak strike in Brantford, Ont. at UBC in the
SUB ballroom at 12:30 p.m.
To join or not to join:
current UBC union drive at
A staff debate on the
5:15 p.m. in the SUB
Teach-in across campus: Students and faculty
in all departments are invited to devote their class
time today to discussion of the status of women in
Resource people will be available. Call
Free all week
in SUB 205,
10:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m,
Thursday: Women and the arts
Women in concert: Everyone is invited to two
hours of readings, dance and song performed by
women artists: actress Jackie Crossland, novelist
Alice Munro, poet Judith Copithorne and others at
UBC in the SUB ballroom from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m.
Lunch will be provided by alternate food
service for 35c per person at 12:30 p.m.
Experimental workshop: Women through
history by Crista Preus- Part I, 10:30- 12:30; Part
II, 2:30 - 3:30 at UBC in the SUB art gallery.
Interested participants should phone 228-2082.
Paintings,  sculpture:  Paintings,  sculpture and
Friday: Sexuality
Information table: Birth control, abortion and
sex information available at UBC in the SUB
concourse at 11:30 a.am.
Female sexuality: A discussion by Arts I
instructor Shelagh Day and law student Diana
Moore at UBC in the SUB ballroom at 12:30 p.m.
pottery of women artists will be on display in the
SUB art gallery at UBC all week.
Meet and talk: Women artists are invited to
meet and talk all day in the SUB art gallery. Bring
your own work.
Vancouver Art Gallery: The work of women
artists will be shown all week in the upstairs gallery
plus these special events:
Wednesday: Video and film night, 7 p.m.
Friday: Experimental Workshop: Women
Through History by Crista Preus at 10:30 a.m.
Interested participants should call the gallery.
Three short stories: Written by Jane Rule, read
by Helen Sonthoff and Shelagh Day at UBC in the
blue room of the Arts 1 building at 2:30 p.m.
Liberated graffiti: Photographs of graffiti from
campus washrooms in SUB art gallery all day.
Students and faculty in all departments are
asked to devote their time in class to the discussion
of the status of women in Canada.
Some questions that could be asked are: Is
there material in your courses presented in a way as
to imply that women are inferior to men, or are
restricted to certain roles in society? Are women
discriminated against in the university? Do you
believe that your faculty has a quota on women
students? Is it more difficult for women than men
students in your field to get summer employment?
More general questions dealing with the
position of women in society include:
What character traits does our society consider
"feminine"? How do these restrictions affect a
woman's development as an individual? How are
women discriminated against in the labor force? In
hiring practices? In job classification? In wages?
What is the attitude of the advertising media toward
Resource people will be available to come to
classes. Call 228-2082.
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FPR UBC 46 Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Page 3
When will Doris Day lose her
soapy smile and learn
to kick ass?
'Get your own damn coffee, Mr. Jones.'
GIRLS! are you looking for a fulfilling
job, a job with a future, guaranteed to
eliminate your self respect, distort your
value, reduce you to a mindless, servile,
lowly blob or a simpering sweet dolly?
Then become a secretary!
And if you want a job that eliminates
any fear that you might actually be a
human being, then become a secretary in a
university department! Perhaps you
thought that lowly freshmen held the
bottom rung of the university status ladder
— wrong, even lower than the freshmen are
the clerical staff: the paper typers, the
messengers, the coffee makers, the file
keepers of the world.
Let's drink to the hardworking people,
to the salt of the earth. .. how fmstrated I
get when so many students and professors
— some of them freaks and supposedly so
hip to the troubled state of the world -
run around the department I work in and
look through me, oblivious to the fact that
I am more than just an extension of my
typewriter, or a producer of letters and
other academic bullshit, who recognize my
existence only and tokenly when they have
some minor clerical problem that falls
within my limited range of ability. Charity
begins at home.
Secretaries are supposed to be pleasant,
smiling, attractive, amenable, passive. You
are not supposed to be bad-tempered, or
ugly, or smell.
You are either treated like a retard or a
child and have every word spelled out to
you with microscopically detailed
instructions, or you are expected to be a
mind reader and to know what you're
supposed to do by telepathy.
There is only a stock approach to
secretaries, a standard method of relating
to the girl behind the typewriter - nobody
acknowledges the fact that you're different
or an individual, nobody relates to you as
you are, you are only approached by the
standard secretary approach method.
We mustn't let our bosses down, we
must play out the role. You start off
compromising and playing the obliging,
simpering secretary role because you want
to keep your job and your pay cheque, and
before too long, you really believe in
keeping them happy and earning that
rewarding little pat on the head from time
to time.
At home their wives wait on them —
and in the office, their secretaries do. And
how many secretaries really believe in it
and lovingly regard their bosses as some
sort of surrogate husband/father/lover
We love our masters, we crave their
approval, we sell ourselves out to oblige,
because we have so well assimilated the
values that keep us in our lowly position
with our negative expectations. Happy,
happy niggers.
Willingly we rush out to get him his
coffee and cigarettes, obligingly, we sit in
gaggles over coffee break and giggle and act
cute and simple, discussing our ailments,
husband and/or boyfriends, recipes and
other trivia, so that the brilliant scholars
can talk academia and feel so clever and
superior. Nothing like a secretary to lift a
jaded male ego.
My eyes have seen: the professor who
complains that he could do a better job on
keeping files, or the professor who can also
type who sneers because he can do my job
in his stride, I have no special or secret
talents, I am just a greater convenience,
and besides, he had more demanding things
to do, and of course it's not work an
intelligent person would like to do anyway.
But it's my job, it's what I'm given to
do, to fill one-third of my day, five days a
Or the secretary that works overtime,
unrewarded for it, because it's expected of
her, she's supposed to be dedicated.
Or meeting Professor Schmuckatella at a
movie downtown, who's all smiles and
hallos and leering looks in the office in the
Why should I even expect that at all?
Am I not just the typist? I am not part of
the creative process, I am just part of the
replication process.
Why are typists rarely, if ever,
mentioned in the acknowledgements of a
paper, regardless of what they've put into
that paper, in terms of time and labor and
care, in producing a perfectly neat copy,
reading illegible handwriting, correcting
spelling and grammar mistakes, etc?
And what of all the sad little delusions
the typist might have about her own
importance, about putting her best into her
work, about having pride in doing a job
The small lower-case initials she types
qualifications: high school graduation
plus business training, ability to type
60 w.p.m., and to take and transcribe
shorthand at 110 w.p.m. Four years
experience at the University or its
equivalent - salary: $401-495. A
$490-533 A MONTH."
What can be done, short of eliminating
the secretarial role altogether?
A secretary with the ability should be
given greater responsibility and
independence and respect - and
remuneration — as is the case with other
capable intelligent workers in business.
daytime, but who doesn't see or
acknowledge my existence out of the
office context.
Of the first name business, where right
from the first day on the job, I'm
addressed by my first name, not out of
friendship or familiarity or even by my
consent, but because of my position in the
hierarchy. You can work for someone for
50 years but he will still be Mr. Smith or
Dr. Jones.
There is no room for satisfaction or
pride in our work, or any feeling of
achievement whatsoever, no fruits to our
labor. I tediously type and type, only to
have what I've done returned to me for
retyping when I'm finished because the
professor made a mistake or changes his
mind and wants to substitute 'nevertheless'
for 'but'.
Not a thought that it might discourage
you to see your work returned on a
whimsical change of mind. There is no
concept in his mind that this is my
handicraft, my product.
after her boss's upper-case initials at the
end of a letter stand as a silent, tiny plea
for recognition of her individuality as the
typist. Who cares anyway?
Dare anybody seek satisfaction in the
things they do for a wage, or are we all
supposed to accept our alienation and
estrangement from our labor as part of the
whole picture, as a necessary drawback to
being a wage-earner in society?
Some of us actually don't want a man
to support us, we want to be self-sufficient.
And then there are the working
conditions. A woman can work for years
and years in her job — but she will gain
only years, no promotion, no official
recognition, no increased remuneration
other than her annual $ 10 raise.
Quoted from the Office and Technical
Employees Union, in comparing the grades
of secretaries, taken from the UBC scales:
"Secretary    II,     Stenographer    II,
Department    secretary    —    preferred
—maureen gans photo
Secretaries need not be supervised like
children or have their wrists slapped
because they are a few minutes late or
because they did not follow office
procedures to the letter. Moreover, it
would surely help if they were treated as
separate individual human beings, with
different natures, abilities, personalities,
Of course secretaries themselves need to
develop a better attitude towards their
profession, and towards themselves — they
should not feel so subservient, they need to
be less compromising and pliable, less
satisfied with what they have at present,
they should be more assertive, more sure of
themselves, more demanding and have
more respect.
They should organize together, not just
for better conditions and wages, but also to
help develop a stronger, more affirmative
attitude towards themselves as workers and
women. Page 4
Tuesday, March 7,  1972
MARCH 7, 1972
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays
throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions
are those of the writer and not of the AMS or the
university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a
weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's
editorial offices are located in room 241K of the
Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301, 228-2307; Page
Friday, Sports, 223-2305; advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Leslie Plommer
Sandi Shreve womaned the barricades screaming we
want Plommer. Kathy Dunn replied by throwing a
molotov cocktail at the male chauvinist pig Berton
Woodward. At that point Lesley Krueger said, "this is
serious" causing Sandy Kass to laugh as she scaled the
barricade dumping Mike Sasges into the lovely arms of
Mike Gidora. Kini McDonald and Jan O'Brien set up
the Sterlings taking care not to disturb Gord Gibson
and Kent Spencer as they made tea and brownies for
the hungry Sara Gunnard and Sandra MacDonald. Paul
Knox and Dick Betts faithfully kept the home fires
The right to vote
Whenever a woman enters the political
arena she sacrifices that charm of womanhood,
delicacy of manner, which can not be kept
pure under the coarser contaminating
influences, observes the Des Moines (la.)
We do not assert that politics is in every
degree degrading to woman, but we do think it
not elevating; neither do we think women
wield the purifying influence at the polls
suffrage advocates claim.
We have not observed a case in years of
observation where the voice of woman is felt in
the primaries, the conventions or as
representatives, either municipal or executive,
though a single female delegate to a county
convention may be an exception.
The better class of women care little for
the ballot or political honors, feeling that "the
hand that rocks the cradle rules the world,"
that the mother that gives to her State half a
dozen manly votes accomplishes more for her
country's good than the woman who neglects
her home, children and duties to voice the
sentiments of women who never knew nor can
know the meaning of motherhood, love or
Women as a mass do not pine for the
ballot, and were it left to the ladies of
Wyoming to decide, woman suffrage would be
lost by a large majority.
While its influence is not degrading to the
lords of creation, yet we can not learn that
they are particularly purified by meeting
mother, wife and sister at the polls; and there
are but few men, while they might not dare to
openly express it, but privately feel a disgust at
the thought of those they have always held up
as emblems of purity becoming contaminated
with politics.
Woman, as an official candidate, will
pander to the low and degrading to secure
votes just as men do. Is this elevating or
purifying? The condition of woman is no
better, nor is life made easier, nor labor lighter,
where she has a right to vote.
The woman who performs her natural
labors — be they in the home or outside as a
toiler — if she at the same time keeps herself
informed in all that interests her as a duty
socially and politically, must accomplish more
than the strong man, and by harder work.
Man has accorded to woman equal rights
superior to those of the ballot; she may walk
side by side with him in the battle of life; she
may even outstrip him, as there is no avenue
not now open to the woman who wishes to
enter the professional arena against her male
The true woman who would make the
most of every God-given attribute asks not for
the ballot, but for love and home, where the
carols of babyhood are sung to the sweetest of
babies, where the home is heaven, and where
the weary husband may find rest and aching
hearts sympathy.
The preceding editorial appeared Feb. 28, 1891 in
the Victoria Times during the height of suffragist
agitation in B. C. Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Page 5
Jons Mitchell and us
Canadian nouveau-folk singer Joni Mitchell
began her rise to fame several years back — in
the mid-60s — and like most upper and
middle-class kids, I was soon a confirmed
And so I have remained — except that I
harbor very mixed feelings about Joni, and
her music and the society that has shaped the
At her worst, she's an out-and-out hack,
committing to music the worst sort of rhymey
sentimental tripe that anyone ever had the
nerve to pass off as lyrics. (Joni and the
people who write promotion stuff about her
say she "loves words." Big deal.)
At her best, she's the most creative of the
young songwriter-singers who have held sway
over the North American "folk" scene in the
past few years: There are moments when her
poetry matches and outdoes the most classic
lines by Dylan or anyone else you can name;
there are moments when her music and
arrangements surpass anything else in the field
of folk.
.T»nd if the lyrics and subjects of her songs
are often highly conventional, smacking too
much of "the rather tarnished hippie dream"
as The Financial Times remarked in 1970
after she played in London, her innovative
music more than compensates.
Like most of her contemporaries in the
nouveau-folk scene, Joni Mitchell won't win
any prizes for perfection in the area of
musical technique. She's a rotten pianist —
heavy-handed and unpolished. She's a strong
and effective, but not excellent, guitarist. Her
voice is good, but not great.
The sum total of her skills, however, is
frequently overwhelming.
It's this mixture of personal and musical
qualities that makes Joni Plus the fact that
most of us seem to relate to her and her work
pretty well. Why?
The answer is, I think, that most of us
share a common history with Joni Mitchell:
Growing up in Canada, the imperialized
American backyard; being part of the U.S.
folk i revival; living in a land where Nature is
a major influence (Canadian artists and writers
from the earliest times are notorious for their
preoccupation with Nature and The
Elements); being products of the middle class.
And some of us share with her the fact of
being women.
Joni was born in Fort Macleod, Alta. in
1944. When she was fairly young, she moved
to Saskatoon where her mother taught school
and her father worked for a chain of grocery
After high school she moved to Calgary to
attend art school. She had taught herself to
pay the ukulele and she soon progressed to
the guitar (the self-taught guitar phenomenon
being another thing many of us share with
In Calgary and Toronto - where she
moved in 1964 - she apparently came to see
playing and singing and songwriting as the
things she most wanted to do.
One or two decades before this, it would
have been highly uncommon for a young
woman with little musical training to head off
for the Toronto music scene. (The 'scene', of
course, would have been much different too.)
But the time was right and Joni was part and
product of it.
She worked in Toronto, did some song
writing, got married in whirlwind fashion to
U.S. musician Chuck Mitchell, went to Detroit
and sang with Mitchell around Michigan.
I hey separated. She says it partly had to
do with the fact that she was beginning to
make more money than him - familiar story.
She went to New York, got a couple of
managers, went on tour and made her first
record in 1968.
Since then, she has made three more
records, gone on many more tours and
become part of the wealthy, hip,
counter-culture jet set, one branch of which
lives (when not jetting) in southern California.
Its members write pretty here-today,
gone-tomorrow music, play backup on each
other's albums and indulge in groovy
here-today, gone-tomorrow love affairs with
each other.
It's all too lyrical and tragic and romantic
and meaningful for words. And this too is part
of Joni's and our history, give or take a few
Much of it is there in the music, which is
dominated   by    themes   like:   Time,   Life,
Childhood, Age, Home, Friends, Lost Love,
Found  Love, Prospective Love, Fun  Love,
Bittersweet Love, Jealous Love etc., etc.
Many of these songs are beautiful, there's
no doubt about it. I wish I'd written all of
them and I think I'll be listening to them as
long as my records hold out.
For the most part, though, there's a
disturbing and conspicuous absence of any
consciousness about society, about the
incredible events of the past seven years in
North America, about the world.
Joni Mitchell's world is a personal and
individualistic one. There are, however, some
encouraging signs from time to time in her
*m couple of pretty good ecology songs, a
few others incorporating some critical
recognition of the U.S. and the directionless
hip-music scene, still others displaying a
consciousness of Joni's own privileged and
moneyed condition and what it means. And,
of course, the song about Woodstock — which
I really believe comes pretty close to
satiric songwriting genius.
At least these songs give some indication
that Joni Mitchell knows a bit about what's
going on in the real world.
There is no suggestion here that all she
should write is "political protest songs";
rather, my argument is that a better balance
of the individual and the social would render
her music more real.
The thing is, of course, that like us Joni is a
product of the middle class, a bourgeois
individualist; she and her music incorporate
the worst and best of this.
Which is probably why we like her.
She is Canadian, she is part of the
imperialist arts-and-brain drain, she is a
woman who has 'made it' and who shows few
indications of embracing sisterhood.
Her history is, for the most part, our
I hope we all change a lot. But I also hope
we'll know what parts of this history to keep.
** ' - *,*
Nearly 3,000 jobs in Europe..
Nearly 3,000 jobs are
open to post-secondary
Canadian students under the
International Student Summer
Employment Exchange Programme. Offered through
the Department of Manpower
and Immigration, these
"working summers" are in
Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany,
The Netherlands, Norway,
Sweden, Switzerland, and the
United Kingdom. Low-cost
travel arrangements may
also be available.
Students must agree to
work for periods ranging
from six weeks to three
months, beginning mid-May
or early June.
Although a working know
ledge of the language of the
host country would be
helpful, a basic ability to
communicate will often be
sufficient. If in doubt, inquire
APPLY NOW! As final
selection will be made by
the host country, earlier
applications will receive
preferential consideration.
Inquire at your nearest
Canada Manpower Centre,
or at your University Canada
Manpower Centre.
Manpower and Immigration
Bryce Mackasey, Minister
Centre de
du Canada
Main-d'oeuvre et Immigration
Bryce Mackasey, Ministre Page 6
Tuesday, March 7,  1972
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9    9    9
Working women:
not much change
since the 1860s
an   average
Women generally work in a few
occupations labelled "female",
' earn less money than men and
rarely reach the top.
This situation has existed for
so long that society takes it for
granted,     said    The     Royal
■ Commission   on   the   Status   of
' Women report.
An article about working
women in the Toronto Globe and
Mail of Oct. 28, 1868 lists the
principal occupations of the 5,000
women workers as house servants,
tailoresses, milliners, shoemakers,
dressmakers, school teachers and
: tobacco workers.
The women on the average
earned about $1.50 to $4 and
forewomen $5 per week.
Men's wages at this time
averaged about $4 to $8 per week.
The Globe article said there
were two classes of women
workers — those who work at
establishments and those who
work at home.
Describing work in the home
the article said, "The work thus
done, ostensibly by the head of
the house but as frequently, by all
the members jointly, runs up in
the busy season to bills of $30
and $35 a week, of which the
female members earn no small
"There is another class of
female laborers, whose earthly
prospects, though as industriously
aided by their own efforts, are not
so bright; these are the widows
and orphans left by unscrutable
providence to eke out a livelihood
at the will of employers."
Most of these women worked
for merchant tailors and wholesale
clothing stores. However, they
were left at the mercy of their
employers who "do not scruple to
extract the last farthing's worth of
bodily energy from the
dependents of their will"
At this time employers charged
rent on the machinery and
electricity used by workers
cutting the subsistence wages even
When women in Toronto tried
to unionize against this practice
the employer announced all
involved in the union drive would
have to pay twice as much for
electricity used.
The status of women report
points out that things haven't
changed much for women
Women's wages for the same
work as men are generally lower.
Work done by women in the
home or in a family business is
generally unpaid and included
under the head of household's
earning capacity.
Union activity initiated by
women meets with the same
results, witness the recent daycare
union drive.
The provincial government
wants the Victoria Family and
Children's Services to turn its day
care centres over to non-profit
groups or private operators.
Agency workers believe the
move is a poorly disguised
attempt to wreck the newly
formed Social Service Employees
Union before workers in other
centres, who are earning the
minimum wage, form locals.
Daycare assistants working for
ECS earn $350 starting salary per
month whereas
Vancouver earn
$250 per month.
Currently, the Vancouver
Working Women's Association is
supporting waitresses of The
Medieval Inn in Gastown in their
attempt to unionize.
On Jan. 24 John Jones, owner
of the Medieval Inn fired the
manager and told the waitresses
that the Inn would be closed for a
few days for renovations.
While the Inn was closed the
waitresses joined the Hotel and
Restaurant Employees Union.
When they returned to work 20
new waitresses had been hired and
Robin Hughes, co-owner of the
Inn, was brought in as the new
The new waitresses were hired
at $2 an hour without tips.
The other waitresses had been
earning $4 an hour with tips for
serving banquets where people get
roaring drunk, pinch and grab the
"wenches" who run around in low
cut dresses, barefoot, carrying
heavy trays piled high with food
which they are supposed to throw
at the customers for effect said a
spokeswoman for WWA.
The application for
certification was denied by the
Labor Relations Board which has
taken the side of the owners
saying that the waitresses were
dismissed before the cards were
The association will be
picketing the Medieval Inn every
Friday night between 6 and 8
Only about 17 per cent of all
women workers are unionized in
However, most unions have not
adequately taken up the struggle
for day care and maternity leave.
Also many predominantly
female unions have male
But union organization is
necessary as the beginning of
collective action in an area where
women could have collective
strength - work.
The Canadian Bill of Rights
away in the back pages of the
code, alleges human rights and fun
exist without discrimination by rea
But the laws in the criminal
over this bill of rights in our i
society. And many of those law
blatantly contradict the equality-de:
In one form or another wome
against — laws in the criminal c
women are incapable of providinj
which is often true simply
discrimination bars them from er
provincial ordinances which legisla
they confine women to a moral
required of men.
The idea that employment is
and merely a stopgap between sc
for women is preserved by Canada'
Everyone is under a legal dut
provide necessaries of life for his w
In other words, even legally
expected to remain in the home,
degraded housekeeping and child r;
Daycare at present works like a double-edged
spear that injures women with both ends.
Women wishing their children placed in daycare
centres must pay fees too high for their often
poverty-level budgets.
And women working in these centres must
accept wages below the minimum $1.50 per hour
Work is going on at both ends of the
metaphorical spear to dull its bite — to alleviate the
situation facing both the mothers and the workers.
Daycare organizer and mother Sandra Foster of
Toronto spoke here Monday about one solution being
explored by about 100 students at the University of
They — herself included — have formed a daycare
The collective is a loosely-knit confederation
whose basic units are day care houses with about 18
children staying there each day. The time in each
house is structured or free, depending on the
decisions made by the parents of the children going
How to dull the don
However, they are all similar in that they are
parent — rather than business or government —
controlled, and that the workers hired to
care for the children are chosen, as Foster said, on the
basis of "good vibes" rather than government-decided
The only problems facing this collective, and any
other one wishing to follow the example here is that
it is illegal in both Ontario and British Columbia.
The collective is not licenced, and cannot be
until it hires "qualified" supervisors for the children
and makes improvements in the house so they fit
government standards. And until licenced, it is
ineligible for municipal grants.
To be considered qualified, the potential
supervisor must take a one year "Mother-craft"
course in Ontario and a similar two-year course in
"The name of the course gives a good indication
of the contents. It is sexist-oriented," Foster said.
She said her house alone w
$20,000 in renovations to meet tf
So, technically it is illegal, b
been operating since 1969. For
however they have been fightin
second court case was finished h
decision is yet to be handed down
If the collective wins the case
precedent which Foster said she 1
the way for other day care collect
Women are also finding a sc
care problems by turning tow;
centres set up by the corporation;
centres are efficiently run and rr
Foster said, they are built to bene
rather than the women workers.
Day care centres free wome.
force, and women draw lower wa
working for the corporation, the
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Page 7
s contradict sex equality
most  men  believe  are  too base for them to do
ich is tucked (women's work, ugh!) and remain isolated from any
idian criminal knowledge beyond the end of 'her' clothesline, while
jntal freedoms the man 'slaves' all day at work to provide for the
)f sex. family.
: take priority If    a    mother    in    Canada    fulfils    certain
:s and in our qualifications she is eligible to receive a mother's
her tacitly or allowance.   No such thing as a father's allowance
•sex ideas exists.
discriminated This is further indicative of the attitude that
either assume women are not expected to provide for themselves
themselves — even when widowed, divorced or separated. Men, it is
cause    sexual assumed, will continue to work and get a housekeeper
yment despite to care for children in his custody. Interestingly, no
ainst this — or provision qualifying a woman for mother's allowance
; not lawfully refers    to    whether    or    not    she    can    obtain
employment — but there is a provision that she must
areer for men have  tried all possible methods, for two years, to
and marriage acquire alimony or support of some kind from her
s. ex-husband should the case be that she is divorced or
a husband, to separated. This law assumes many women are unable
to find jobs, which is quite true. The trouble is this
>men are still law accepts that fact.
the thankless, Another blatant example of discrimination by
; chores which reason of sex in the B.C. provincial ordinances is the
separate legislation for men's and women's minimum
wages. If no such discrimination exists, as our Bill of
Rights assures us doesn't, then there would be one
common legislation for all people.
The fact that provinces provide married women's
property acts, allowing them the right to own and
control property separate from that of their husbands,
implies women automatically lose their identity as
individuals when they marry - except when
otherwise legislated.
The provincial change of name acts are further
proof of this tacit type of discrimination against
If a married woman, she is not, during the life of
her husband, entitled to change her surname unless
she has the written permission of her husband to do
A married man can change his surname. He can
also change his wife's surname, if he has her written
consent to do so.
Should the husband and wife divorce, the woman
is only allowed to change her surname if there is no
child from that marriage under her custody younger
than 21 years.
>le-edged shaft
i have to make
ther government
he collective has
: last two years
gal battles. The
)ctober, but the
:y will have set a
es will help clear
ion to their day
. the prototype
;y work for. The
nal in cost, but,
the corporations
i enter the labor
then men. Once
Tien are likely to
stay there, because if they move on they would lose
their baby-sitter.
They also tend not to join unions because a
strike would again stop the day care service.
So, by building day care centres the corporations
get workers who will likely remain there a longer time
and work for less than those who don't have children
to consider.
Women finding both these situations
un-workable are often forced to take their children to
a licenced day-care centre.
This is where the spear strikes most sharply.
Working women are among the lowest paid
minorities in the labor force. Statistics show a woman
earns about $5,000 on a yearly average, or about
$415 per month.
A Ubyssey survey showed day care centres- in
Vancouver charge an average of $75 per month per
child, or $ 150 for two children.
So paying for two children, full-time attendance
—kini mcdonald photo
at a day-care centre would take more than half a
working woman's salary.
Woman on welfare have one other alternative. If
they wish to submit to a "Means Test" where their
budget is examined by Children's Aid or other
affiliated organizations and they pass their children
might be placed in day-care centre and the fee paid
by the government.
Working women are not eligible for this subsidy.
For them there are only the 22 licenced day care
centres in the Lower Mainland area.
It is the workers, mainly women, in these centres
who feel the other edge of the spear's blade.
An average day care worker earns $308 per
month while the directors of day care centres earn
more than $400 per month, day care worker Larissa
Tarwick told The Ubyssey.
Their attempt to dull this blade, and raise
themselves above the poverty line lies in unionization.
About 40 day care workers in Vancouver are
planning to join the Social Services Employees Union
in an effort to begin negotiations with the centres'
directors. The union was established one year ago in
Victoria and organizers are hopeful that it will help
better the women's working conditions.
The husband, however, should he change his
surname, can also change the child's surname if that
child is older than 12 years and provides written
consent. Thus the implication that minors must bear
their father's name, not their mother's.
Should a husband and wife separate or divorce,
both are allowed to possess their accumulated
belongings. But as UBC law student Lynn Smith so
aptly put it to a Women's Studies meeting last
December, the wife "has usually accumulated nothing
and that is what she gets." The alimony, said Smith,
is just a form of charity or blood money to
compensate for the time she has served.
Canada's 'public morality control' laws reinforce
the social standards of proper conduct through
restricting women's freedom of action.
If a man rapes a woman he cannot be convicted
of an offence if he proves that she is regularly
indecent or of unchaste character.
Everyone who knowingly permits a female
person under the age of 18 to resort to or to be in or
upon the premises for the purpose of having illicit
sexual intercourse with a particular male person or
with male persons in general is guilty of an indictable
These laws do not punish the woman in question
for her actions but attempt to prohibit her from such
conduct through punishing anyone who allows her to
do so. No similar provisions exist for men. There are
laws against rape — but as the first point indicates,
men can rape 'unchaste' women simply because it is
automatically assumed before the law that such
women always consent to the act and are undeserving
of the protection available to 'chaste' women.
These laws regard women as less than
intelligent — they enslave women to a moral code
which is nonexistent for men. The laws are women's
'guardian angels', protecting them from an assumed
inherent female immorality which may otherwise get
the better of them.
Prostitution is similarly illegitimate — for
women. No mention is ever made in law of male
prostitutes. Although it is illegal for anyone to reside
in or to operate a common bawdy-house, women are
usually indirectly convicted for prostitution under
the vagrancy act:
Everyone commits vagrancy who being a
common prostitute or nightwalker is found in a
public place and does not, when required, give a good
account of herself.
This law not only assumes only women are
prostitutes but provides an easy way of convicting
them and the means of continual police harrassment
once a woman has been convicted. The 'once a
prostitute always a prostitute' belief still prevails even
in laws supposedly designed to 'rehabilitate'
Laws against prostitution should not exist
because, aside from the blatant discrimination against
women, prostitution is a social, not a criminal
concern. And laws ignore the fact that 99.9 per cent
of women who prostitute do so because it is the only
means available to them for earning money.
Abortion laws need hardly be discussed to any
great length here. The arguments for and against
abortion on demand are common knowledge.
Suffice it to say the current abortion laws make
it a crime for any woman to obtain an abortion unless
she has permission from an appointed medical
committee — usually all male. Laws still coerce
women into the role of motherhood whether or not
they want it.
The evidence speaks for itself. Before the eyes of
the law, society's prejudices are as real and have as
much influence as they do in our day to day contacts.
The Canadian Bill of Rights is a farce.
The Canadian laws are designed to preserve a
patriarchal society.
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5732 University Blvd. Phone 224-61: Page 8
Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Women's Place: for times
of crisis and relaxation
In the early fall, a group of
about 50 women got together
with the idea of starting a house,
or "women's place", to be used as
a centre or gathering place for
women in Vancouver.
The original idea was of the
house as a modified retreat, on a
short term basis, for women who
had nowhere else to go to relax or
stay in time of crisis.
This- is still one of the main
priorities of the group, but since
then we have embarked on several
other projects that will be
associated with the house.
These include health care, day
and emergency child care, and
library and resource centre
projects, which will be taking
place in the house itself and will
all be part of the "Women's
We do not have a house yet. If
anyone knows of one available or
about to become available, please
let us know about it at 731-9619.
But most of the projects have
already started even without a
permanent place.
The original concept for the
house is now embodied in the
project called women in
Part of the house will be a
retreat centre with facilities for
emergency child care, but we are
aware that this service cannot be
too expensive. Therefore, we are
hoping to compile a list of homes
where women can stay
The health group has been
involved in setting up weekly
open self-educationals (for any
interested women) dealing with
health problems that are
specifically female.
In addition to talking, we are
also starting to learn practical
skills for finding out more about
our bodies and our health.
We are now in the process of
writing a questionnaire on
doctor's attitudes to female health
Selling your home?
Ph. Joan Bently, 224-0255
We have built our business up on
giving our customers the utmost
in repair service (saving him
money whenever we can) but not
at the expense of a poor quality
job. We thank all our U.B.C.
Customers and friends for their
patronage over the years. We
guarantee our work but at the
same time we have reasonable
rates. Most work done same day.
See you soon.
P.S. (We also fix Volvo, Mercedes,
Porsche and  B.M.W. cars.)
problems and women's attitudes
to their doctors to be distributed
to a large number of women in
Our end goal is to compile a
directory of doctors who are
sympathetic to women's health
concerns. After finding out
exactly what problems women
face concerning health care, we
eventually hope to set up some
kind of paramedical health facility
for women.
The day care group has been
trying to deal with the problems
involved with children becoming a
part of our group. We are also
starting to build equipment which
will eventually be incorporated
into our day care centre.
Although the library,
book-store and resource centre
project has not yet started, this
will definitely be a major part of
the house.
The    work    done   has   been
funded by money received from
the UBC Graduate Student
Association, Local Initiatives
Program and the Company of
Young Canadians. We are also
asking for $2,000 from the UBC
grad class gift fund to be used for
general house costs, mainly rent.
We hope to get more permanent
funding in the future.
The projects already initiated
are only the beginning. Working
collectively to solve specific
problems is an exciting and
expanding process and we hope
that more women will become
involved and more projects will be
Currently, we are trying to
figure out how we can involve
men in this process as well.
Anyone interested should
phone Kathy or Susan at
732-0979, or come to our general
meeting on Saturday at 1255 West
Fourteenth (Apt. 2) at 1 p.m.
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Nominations close Tuesday, March 14, 1972 at 5:00 p.m.
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■■ ^&^8atx^*nwy**fr&}h. A 4*i *\   * j*oS Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Page 9
^^hildren are a forgotten people. We
tend to focus on children as things, as
half-people to be shaped, moulded and
conditioned into full adult life. Children
have no minds of their own and to attain
an adult mind their growth as children, and
ultimately human beings, must be curtailed
and redirected. Not only is this view
authoritarian it is false.
The true content of the life of a child is
lost. This content involves the totality of
freedom and play. Freedom involves the
right of the child to full equality with the
adult. Respect of this right means that the
adult cannot enforce his or her views upon
the mind and body of the child.
"In a disciplined home the child has
no rights. In a spoilt home they have
all the rights. The proper home is one
in   which   children   and   adults  have
equal rights." A. S. Neill, Summerhill
The  aspect of play is the recognition
that children, as equal people should be
allowed to do what they want. When an
adult represses this right it can only be seen
as jealousy of the child's own freedom.
This is understandable given the fact that
our  society  is  founded upon unfreedom
and the repression of the biological and.
social    needs   of   people.   However   the
attitude that children must "get wise to
fact" early makes little sense. If a child is
conditioned to unfreedom from an early
age then he or she may go on in life to
accept oppression as a matter of course.
In  an atmosphere of freedom and its
enjoyment   the   child   develops   all   the
critical  faculties he  or  she  will  need in
order to cope with an unfree world. The
point here is the child is a thinking, feeling
being and all too often we lose sight of that
fact. They can make up their own minds.
"The function of the child is'to live his
own life not the life that his anxious
parents think he should live, not a life
according   to   the   purpose   of   the
educator who thinks he knows what is
best. All this interference and guidlines
on the part of adults only produces a
generation of robots." — Neill.
The main mechanism for the transfer of
"authority   and   beliefs is,  of course,  the
nuclear     family.     Mother,     father    and
for kids
immediate children comprise the still only
socially acceptable family unit. Single
mothers are still discriminated against,
barred in many instances from pre-natal
instruction or put in "single mother''
groups to remind them of their social
position. Single mothers are on welfare in
most instances and as such have little
recognized rights with regard to their
children. They are the property of the state
and must be tended by state clinics and
agencies. Children of poor women are thus
doubly oppressed.
The nuclear family clamps severe
restriction on the child's growth due to its
inward looking character. The child's world
becomes the world of the family. The play
of the child is quickly channeled into social
roles, boys play with cars and trucks and
girls play house. Virginia Axline states in
Play Therapy that "play is the child's
natural medium of self-expression".
Enforced play, teaching boys to play with
guns, etc., becomes authoritarian
After the nuclear family influence
comes    education    and    all    it   entails:
fragmenting children's heads into grades 1,
2, 3 etc., giving them marks for
achievement, reinforcing sex roles, totally
controlling what will be learned and how
and preparing them to be meek citizens of
advanced capitalism. Children's books and
literature reflect this bullshit. The books
for children which break free of the
ideology of the present society with
regards to sexual roles, male dominance,
racial superiority and class views you could
count on one hand. Social reality for
children becomes a mish-mash of obscurity,
and social problems which are obvious are
played down so as not to reach children's
awareness even though they are capable of
of understanding their own reality.
A group of people in town are presently
trying to write and publish children's
books which tell the truth about things
like poverty and pollution simply and to
the point, without a ready-made hand me
down analysis. An interesting aside: the
federal government did not consider the
education of children a worthwhile
problem and so refused the group's
application for an LIP grant.
Despite economic hardship the group
publication of The Little Red Books is
trying to happen. The aim of the project is
to give children something to read which
does challenge their thinking but does not
stop it by handing down a ready-made
One example is a book called Bubbles.
The story is about whales and what it is
like to be a whale in the bottom of the
ocean. The whale, Bubbles, tells his story
of the hardships of living in a polluted
world and how there is no escape unless we
up here stop spilling oil and dumping
garbage. He also tells us the noise of the
ships keep whales from singing to each
other, which is their way of
The Little Red Books is a concrete step
in the redirection of children's books
towards a more meaningful learning
process for children. It recognizes the
ability of children to learn basic social facts
on their own and respects their own
development. For more information on
The Little Red Books call Sandra or Evert
at 731-8503.
Children: Who pushes the doll buggy?
Children don't have a chance
to learn how to be people — they
spend too many years being
taught to be male or female.
While the major part of
sex-role differentiation occurs
through the public school media,
the schools only reinforce what is
established in early childhood.
Pre-kindergarten-aged children
are not only exposed to
differentiation in the family, but
view the same kind of role
imagery in cartoons.
Cartoon characters such as
George of the Jungle, Popeye,
Mickey Mouse and others spend
most of their time supposedly
"rescuing" their female
counterparts from sinister
Thus the role of reliance on
men is exposed and little boys
come to realize they are expected
to defend their female
counterparts, just like their
cartoon heros.
Fathers, too, expect their sons
to participate in "man's work"
while daughters are left to "help
their mothers".
And take comic strips, which
most children, even before the
kindergarten stage, read to some
Blondie, Family Circus, Dennis
the   Menace,   Archie   and many
others portray the home situation
with the harried mothers standing
over a hot stove while fathers
come and go from work.
Margaret in Dennis the Menace
is the classic example of what
little girls should be in relation to
little boys who are always getting
into mischief.
From that first day in
kindergarten when girls start out
to school in freshly ironed dresses,
sit at the front of the room and
begin to set the example for being
neat and clean, they are
categorized by their sex alone.
Who pushes the doll buggy
around the room and who
assumes the role of bread winner
in the playhouse in the corner?
But this is just the start and
perhaps a carry over from five
years at home observing mother
and being generally unable to see
father's occupational activities.
However, by first grade a more
obvious pattern begins to take
shape as six-year-olds confront
their first formal reader.
Of 31 stories in Off to School,
none show mother wearing
anything but a dress.
She is always the homemaker
and her role is limited to sewing,
cooking and cleaning.
Father, however, is the
provider and entertainer, taking
the children sleigh-riding, skating,
horseback-riding; and on only one
occasion is mother invited along —
on a shopping trip.
This sex-role differentiation is
expounded upon gradually in
elementary    school    as   children
become more able to understand
more complex situations.
By secondary school, it seems
only natural for girls to have
elective courses such as sewing
and cooking while boys are
channelled into subjects such as
metal work and electronics.
The schools perpetuate a myth
— a myth that is only slowly now
being questioned as not being a
But the myth of "I want a girl
just like the girl that married dear
old dad" is breaking down as
people begin to show the desire
and feel the need to control their
own lives.
Not as males and females, but
as people.
by vbhn Webster
MARCH 10-20—8:00 p.m.
Setting & Lighting Designed by RICHARD KENT Wl LCOX
Costumes Designed by KURT WILHELM
SPECIAL STUDENT PERFORMANCE-Thursday, March 16-12:30 Noon
Student Ticket Price: $1.00
Qi.ppr.rt Your Campus Theatre-J Page 10
Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Hot flashes
Park threat
protest sought
More than 300 people attended
a showing of slides on the West
Coast Trail Friday afternoon in
the SUB auditorium.
The slides, presented by the
Sierra Club, showed the
recreational potential of the park
on the Vancouver Island coast and
detailed the threat to the park
posed by logging operations.
People wishing to support the
campaign for the enlargement and
protection of the park should
write to forests minister Ray
Williston and recreation minister
Ken Kiernan in Victoria, and
northern affairs minister Jean
Chretien in Ottawa.
Letters could also be sent to
the Council of Forest Industries,
1055 W. Hastings, Vancouver.
Get this already: July 1914 -
Historiography and
Weltanschauung. It's the topic of
a lecture to be given at noon
today in Buchanan 102 by John
Moses — senior lecturer in history
at the  University of Queensland.
David Rose of MIT (also a UBC
grad, gang) will speak today at
noon in Education 204 on
Energy Policy. At 3:30 today he
will speak in Education 209 on
New So c i o-technological
'Tween classes
General   meeting,   noon,  St.  Mark's
music room.
Poet  Dennis  Lee  reads  at  noon  in
Buch 100.
Slides on south Nahanni, noon, SUB
Did   the   world   go   pregnant   with
mankind? noon, SUB 111.
Testimony     meeting,     noon,    SUB
SUB 210, noon.
IH stage, noon.
General meeting for elections, noon,
Angus 104.
Rabbi    Marvin    Hier    on   marriage,
noon, Hillel House.
Buch 106, noon.
Academic   freedom   in Chile,  Brazil
and Argentina,  7:30  p.m.,  IH  402.
The   significance   of   fasting,   noon,
Buch 230.
SUB 119, noon.
The   Power   and   Light   Co.,   noon,
south SUB plaza.
Great drama, 8:30 p.m., IH.
The   West   End   report,   8   p.m.,  at
Westminster House 39.
Those interested in hiking the trail
in   late   April   should   meet   in  The
Ubyssey office at noon.
Election   and   reports,
Panel      discussion
ownership   in   Canada,
noon,   SUB
of      foreign
noon,   SUB
Final dinner at the El Matador,
3135 West  Broadway, at 7:30 p.m.
- International fair and dance, 4 to 10
p.m., IH.
International fair and dance, noon
to 5 p.m. at IH.
Eye   Examinations
Contact Lenses
3235  W.   Broadway
on ,
Our $12,000 00 stock of
on:  Anthropology
Political Science
at these low prices
5c each
12 for 50c
30 for $1.00
the bookstore
The general membership
meeting of the Children's Aid
Society of Vancouver will be held
tonight at 8 p.m. in the
Grandview Community Centre,
3350 Victoria Drive.
New memberships ($1) will be
up for grabs for anyone interested
in services to children and
Blorg women took to the streets
this week to protest male blorg
sleepiness. "How can we be equal
when you just fall asleep?" they
VAN. LONDON   $239.00
Return Flights
$145 Vancouver to London
$120 London to Vancouver
We have numerous return and one-way flights each month
to and from London. Ring our office for information and
free list of flights.
1312-925 W.Georgia, Van. 1
687-2868 (3 lines)
Rotes: Campus - 3 Unas, 1 day $1.00; 3 thiyi $2.50.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $1.25; additional lines 30c; 4 days price of 3.
Classified ads mm not accepted by telephone and am payable -in advance. Deadline is
11:30 aon., the day before publication. Publications Office, Rm. 241 SUB, UBC, Van. 8.
Lost & Found
wedding ring lost Friday March
3, on campus. Probably near Grad
Centre.   Please   phone   266-4597.
ner must identify. See UBC Bookstore.
Rides & Car Pools
Special Notices
Rent  furnished   condominium   opposite Gondola,  224-0657  evea.
Photo and Art Exhibit March
13th   to      18th.   SUB   Art  Gallery.
Applications are invited from
.Science and Mathematics students for graduate scholarships
tenable in the Department for
candidates planning to work towards M.Sc. or Ph.D. degrees
Three types of awards are available. (l)Killam Memorial Scholarships, with values in the range
$4200 to J4500 per annum.
(2)Texaco Canada Ltd. Fellowship in Oceanography (restricted
to Canadian citizens) valued at
$3700 per annum. (3)University
awards, which range in value
from $2800 to $3600 per annum,
and for which some teaching
duties are required. Fees (approximately $700) have to be
paid from these awards. Holders
of Killam Scholarships and the
Texaco Canada Fellowship may
supplement their awards by demonstrating in laboratories if they
Although the department and
staff associated with it cover
most specialisations in Earth
Sciences, particular emphasis is
placed on a wide spectrum of
research relating to Marine Geology and Marine Geophysics. There
is excellent cooperation between
members of the departmnt, the
Department of Oceanography and
Bedford Institute. A booklet with
further details can be obtained
from   the   Chairman.	
meaningful group experience.
Leader is M.A. Psychologist with
20   years   experience.   Call   Joyce
worth $1,000. Phone 684-4887 after
5   p.m.
Travel Opportunities
Europe, India. Information meeting Friday 12:30. Bu. 3223. Rosa-
lyn   Peering   922-0644.	
A meeting will be held at 7:45
p.m. on Monday, March 20th in
the auditorium of Eric Hamber
School. 5025 Willow, Vancouver
33rd & Oak) to help all those
travelling abroad on a limited
budget. Bring along your ques
tions and learn how to travel on
a    shoestring.
A panel of experts, including a
qualified agent, who have travelled to all parts of the world
will be on hand to talk to you and
answer all your questions on
foreign travel. Free checklist will
be   handed   out.
Xo admission charge — so bring
your friends who are interested
in travel and learn how to save
hundreds of dollars!
Canadian Youth Hostels Association, 1406 West Broadway, Vancouver 9. B.C., Telephone: 738-
$r>50 up. Special homeland flights
for Chinese students, families.
Phone   684-863S.
Wanted—Miscellaneous 18
Autos For Sale
offer. Phone 263-7259 after 5:00
p.m.   &  weekend.	
Window Van. Will accept 65 BUG
or better.  Phone 874-3729.	
  1965  SUNBEAM $225  	
Good running condition. Very economical ideal for students. 684-
5763   evenings.
Duplicating & Copying
Photo and Art Exhibit March
13th   to   18th   SUB   Art   Gallery.
Corky's Men's Hair Styling 4th
&   Alma.   731-4717.
scripts, essays, etc. at 250 per
page. Please supply own paper.
BEV  HARCUS   266-9837.	
type essays and theses quickly
and accurately. Donna Peaker
266-4264   Kerrisdale.	
Essays, thesis etc. —■ — — —
Phone  327-8455.	
BAR.   733-5322.	
my home. Essays, thesis, etc.
Neat, accurate work. Reasonable
rates.   Phone   263-5317.	
Reasonable rates. 985-8891. North
page.  Barb,  732-9985 after 6.
assignments, fast, efficient. Near
41st   Marine   Dr.   266-5053.
Help Wanted
Ranch. Moving irrigation pipe
half day. Pleasure riding, swimming, hiking. Bachelor housing
supplied. Low wages, mosquitoes
free. Four bodies required. Bonaparte Ranch, Box 217, Cache
group, preferably one' who can
play piano or flute. Phone 277-
ed for O.F.Y. summer project —
A photo-documentation of ethnic
group assimilation in greater
Vancouver Must have car. Phone
Al, 263-8289 between 4-7p.m. today
dents to organize youth opport.
project. Study expropri-ation procedure and effects in B.C. 277-
Help Wanted
unteers. Men and couples are
needed as "uncles" (or aunt-
and-uncle teams) for fatherless or
troubled boys. We are looking
for mature, dependable people
who can spend approximately
four hours a week for a year or
more.   Also   needed   are   volunteer
drivers.  Use your car   we  pay
mileage. 733-8111  (Volunteer Dept.
Children's   Aid.)	
Project involving puppets needs
people call 228-9675 before 11:00
p.m.  tonight.
Work Wanted
Special Classes
week Spring session starts April
3 register early. Limited enrollment.   G.   Alfred   261-4764.
Tutoring Service
UBC Tutoring Center has tutors
in nearly every course. Register
in   SUB   228   12:00-2:00   weekdays.
tent $50. Black's Icelandic Special
(large) down si bag $30 As new
Ph.   526-0105   after   6.
campus 5745 Agronomy Road, 224-
9549. Live on campus, exams are
Room & Board
House. Large spacious rooms,
semi - private washrooms, full
laundry facilities, color T.V., and
excellent food. 5765 Agronomy Rd.
Furnished Apts.
deck, near Locarno Beach, $145
p.m. to sublet May-August
friendly  cat  inch   Ph.:   224-6440  or
suite for one non-smoker available now. 263-8441. Near univ.
Quiet,   washer/dryer,    sep.    ent.
2 bedroom furnished apartment
in Kits for May-Sept, with gay
male. $90/mo.. Box 6572, Station
"G''   Vancouver  8.
Unf. Apts.
Halls For Rent
Houses—Furn. & Unfurn.       86
Use Ubyssey Classified
The U.B.C. Campus
MARKET PLACE Tuesday, March 7,  1972
Page 11
Thunderettes bring home first
CIAU basketball championship
The Thunderettes basketball
team captured the first Canadian
Intercollegiate women's
basketball championship on the
weekend with a 74-69- win over
the University of New Brunswick
Red Bloomers.
The western conference
champions opened in their usual
strong manner and by the half
way mark held a 40-17 lead.
However, the Atlantic Association
champions played a strong second
half to close the gap to seven
points by the end of the game.
Karen Lee led all scorers with
23 points for New Brunswick,
UBC's leaders were Bev Barnes
with 20, Debbie Phelan with 13
and Joanne Sargent with 12.
The victory finished off an
almost perfect collegiate season
for the UBC women, whose win
record was marred only by one
loss to the University of Victoria
in regular season play. The victory
also gave UBC a clean sweep of
the National Collegiate men's and
women's basketball titles.
The Thunderettes end their
play for the season this Friday,
Saturday and Sunday when they
compete in the Canadian women's
basketball championships.
The games to be played in the
War Memorial Gym start Friday at
10 a.m.
The participating teams will be
the Saint John, N.B. Alpines,
London, Ont. Grads, Edmonton
K.G.s, the University of Victoria,
and UBC.
Competing in Winnipeg, the
women's badminton team finished
second to the University of
Calgary by one-half a point.
Individually, Sue Kolb turned in
the best UBC performance,
winning three out of four singles
"a step ahead"
776 Granville 687-2701
meet   and   eat   with   campus
Discussion, Music   and Song
If you are coming
536-7391 or tell
THUR. 5:30 P.M. MAR. 9
TERRI   McGOVERN   leads   the   Thunderettes   to   victory   nearly
everytime she takes to the court.
Women win field hockey
UBC women's field hockey
teams continued their winning
ways on the weekend as all the
teams posted victories.
The varsity team, Vancouver
first division league champions in
regular season play, defeated SFU
7-0 in an exhibition match. Joan
Larson get three goals for UBC
while Sue Rich with two, and
Carolyn Muir and Kathy Hannela
with one apiece were the other
The junior varsity team
defeated Kitsilano in their final
league game of the season. The
Totems defeated the Ookpiks 5-0
in their final league game to move
into second place in the league
third division.
Semi final games will be played
on Saturday at Trafalgar Park.
Faculty,Staff and Students
A limited number of seats are available on a
JUNE 30 — AUGUST 29, 1972
COST: Between $280.00 and $290.00
Any further reduction in fare will
be returned to the customer.
To join flight and for information please contact:
Education Extension Programs
Centre for Continuing Education
University of British Columbia
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Telephone 228-2181, local 220
World Wide International
Travel Ltd.
OR    5700 University Boulevard
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Telephone 224-4391
5:00 p.m. SUB BALLROOM
-   .
•' '      _/"
Skiers win at Crystal Mtn.
place well at Lake Placid
The women's ski team finished
off their collegiate circuit on the
weekend at Crystal Mtn.,
Washington. Competing without
their three top skiers due to their
attendance at the World Student
Games, the UBC women,
nevertheless, made an impressive
Karen Williams placed second
in slalom, third in giant slalom
and showed well on a rain soaked
cross-country course to be named
winner of the women's
Ski-Meister award. Other UBC
team members — Lee Ellis, Kathy
Snowball, Ellen McDonell, Pat
Linton and Debbie Sigalet placed
consistently among the top 10 in
every event.
Over 50 of the top women
collegiate racers from the
Northwest USA and Canada
On a team basis UBC took the
northern division title as well as
the entire NCSC conference
championships. In addition, Joy
Ward of UBC was named the
conference's outstanding female
skier for the season.
The following UBC skiers were
named to the conference all-star
team: Joy Ward, Pam Aiken, Lisa
Richardson and Karen Williams to
the Alpine team, and Joy Ward,
Pat Linton, and Karen Williams to
the Nordic team.
In World Student games skiing,
Joy Ward of UBC led all
Canadians with an 18th place
finish in the women's giant slalom
at Lake Placid, N.Y. with a time
of 1:38.8.
UBC's Pam Aiken was 19th
while University of Montreal's
Kathleen Butler did not finish,
and downhill gold medalist Lisa
Richardson of UBC was
An important managers
meeting will be held on
Friday at noon in War
Memorial Gym, room 211.
Please attend and bring next
year's manager for your
organization. This is your last
week to complete your
attendance books. Banquet is
on Monday, March 20.
1230 N. State (Next to Shakey's)
Bellingham, Wash. - 733-3271
A    '    ' • •**•*• Page 12
Tuesday, March 7, 1972
Sports and the woman
Athletic competition has long, been
regarded as the private sanctuary of the
male ego.
And any female who dared to enter into
this private world was and is looked upon
with particular scorn, not from the male
athletes themselves, but more from the
'armchair quarterbacks' and non-competing
women outside of the sport.
I wonder how many times girls have
been told not to climb trees, or that it isn't
lady-like to do this or to do that.
And,, it isn't lady-like to take part in
sports. So, women, true to the passive
attitude they have adopted, don't take part
in sports if they wish to be accepted by the
male dominated society.
But, there are some exceptions to this
otherwise general rule. Some sports are
acceptable to male society.
Figure skating is graceful and ladylike.
It is allowable on that basis. So is
synchronized swimming. And floor
But basketball isn't. It's rough and
unfeminine. So is swimming and track and
field. In short, you can compete in sports if
you remain lady-like; but don't sweat.
Men don't want to accept women who
sweat, or women who are strong, or in
effect women who they see as potentially
in a position to challenge the male egp.
The irony of the situation is that until
recently women have accepted this basic
premise. Women are so used to being cut
off from opportunities in one field or
another that there have been no real
objections raised against being excluded
from participation in sports.
In fact most women would be inclined
to agree that sports aren't compatible with
'ladylike' behavior. And non-ladylike
behavior isn't compatible with men, or with
being glamorous and getting married and so
In truth, non-ladylike behavior isn't
compatible with anything in the male
concept of society.
So what happens when women decide
that they would like to become involved in
this particular area of society? The same as
in every field. They are slighted and
ignored,  maybe  in the hope that they'll
give up and go away, return to the proper
behavior and have a baby or something.
When the Olympics were first held in
ancient Rome, women were not only
forbidden to compete in them, but were
barred, by penalty of death, from
watching. And, in true Olympic tradition it
wasn't until the 1928 Olympics that
women were allowed to take an active part
in the Games. Women's tennis was included
in the program that year... it was
considered a ladylike activity.
and is sluffed off with a comment or two
about how sports like hockey and football
use up so much money.
And what women's teams there are, in
sports such as Softball and basketball, are
generally regarded as a joke by so-called
sports enthusiasts. Witness the annual Tea
Cup game.
Even when the university sees fit to
allocate some money for a team in a sport,
they choose to give it a name such as
"Thunderettes" or "Huskiettes" or some
NO CHALLENGE to the male ego, these girls perform their dance routines not to
cheer-lead, but to satisfy the male-dominated spectators.
Gradually women's sports were included
in the program until they now constitute
approximately one-third of the Olympic
But still, that is simply tokenism. UBC
levies an athletic fee of five dollars against
each person (with no discrimination as to
sex). But interestingly enough $4.20 of
that fee goes to men's athletics, the rest to
UBC isn't alone in doing this. It is
common  procedure  with  all universities
other feminization of the name of the
men's team goes by. Even in this way,
admittedly a minor way, there is emphasis
on the woman athlete as a lesser figure to
the male athlete.
Of course, it is not only universities that
have tried to push women involved in
sports down and out of the way.
Last year a women reporter was barred
from the press box in Madison Square
Garden during a hockey game. And
remember the outraged cries when the first
Lake Placid worth the effort
Lisa Richardson's gold-medal
winning downhill run at the recently
concluded World Student Games held
at Lake Placid, N. Y., was perhaps the
biggest upset of the games, and
certainly the most stunning Canadian
While Canada's hockey players,
skaters, and skiiers were being beaten
every time out, in what amounted to a
dismal Canadian showing, Richardson
captured the woman's downhill in a
time of 2:01.84.
Starting from the unlikely position
of No. 29, in a field of 29, she raced
through the sloppy conditions three
one-hundredths of second faster than
her closest rival, Caroline Rebattu of
In the following interview, she told
Ubyssey reporter Kent Spencer about
the games, and also commented on
women's athletics at UBC.
Ubyssey: How did it feel to become
famous overnight?
Richardson: Nothing like that had ever
happened to me before. I felt really funny.
When all the interviews and the publicity
came, 1 just sort of stood around,
speechless. Questions like, where I was
born, when I started skiing, and so on,
were easy to answer, but I couldn't answer
questions like, why did you win the race,
do you talk to yourself when you ski down
the course and so on. The press seemed to
think that because I was a psychology
major I could talk to myself during the
race and psych myself or something. It was
all sort of dumb.
Ubyssey: Just how nervous were you at the
starting gate?
Richardson: I guess I was pretty nervous. I
wanted to win a lot. But I couldn't see any
reason why I couldn't go as fast as anyone
else. Since the course was steep near the
top, you had to maintain your speed at the
top and carry it on to the flat section. I felt
that I did it better than in the practice
runs, and that I had a chance to win. But
when I finished, I didn't think that I had
gone fast enough.
Ubyssey: One of the biggest parts of the
trip, perhaps the biggest, had to be meeting
the other students from around the world.
How much did you get to know them?
Richardson: The first people we met were
the Russians. We met them in Montreal, on
an overnight stopover on our way to the
games. They're really weird. When we first
got there, they weren't being terribly
friendly. We said hello, and smiled a lot,
but they wouldn't say anything. They
appeared not to know any English,
although we found out later that they did.
After awhile, three or four of them would
come over and talk a bit, but never when
they were around the coaches.
Ubyssey: Why do you think they were
Richardson: Maybe it was the way they
were brought up. I'm not sure. I don't
think they thought we were 'capitalist
pigs', though.
Ubyssey: How do you feel about the
position of women athletes at UBC, and in
particular, women in the ski program?
Richardson: In our program, it's pretty
equal. Both the girls and the guys go to all
the same races, and get the same
opportunities to train. I'm not exactly sure
what the figures are, but I know we get less
than the men. Some aspects are pointless.
For instance, the women have to have a
chaperon along, and travel on a public bus.
This is wasted money, because we could all
go down in cars and get paid for the gas,
instead of renting a van. Another
complaint is that the girls get only $1.25
for meals - I think the guys get $1.75.
Maybe they eat more, or something.
Ubyssey: From what you've said, the ski
program at UBC seems to treat both
women and men equally. What do you
think of some of the other programs, such
as the women's basketball program?
Richardson: I don't see why the
Thunderettes shouldn't get as much
money. They're just as good as the men.
The trouble is, if you try to complain,
nothing will happen. I think it would be
really terrific if we did have equal funds.
But I don't think that it is going to change.
female jockeys appeared. (And worse than
being women, these girls were winning).
And then there was the girl who played
on a little league team. She was kicked out
of the league, not by her teammates, or by
her parents, but by a group of men who
coached the other teams. A group of men
who had been assured the full backing of
Little League Incorporated, a multi-million
dollar corporation that is dedicated to "the
promotion of baseball for pleasure and
sport among children."
She was barred from baseball because a
group of men, and a multi-million dollar
corporation saw her as a threat to their
superiority in a particular field.
This happened in 1971 - an enlightened
Men have done their damndest to keep
women out of sports that they have
classified as unladylike. That means
keeping them out of sports like track and
But that becomes a little embarrassing
when one realizes that all of Canada's top
international athletes are women. But, of
course the press is always quick to point
out that these women are 'ladylike' or
'glamorous' or have some other face-saving
So, to conform to the proper male
image of the female athlete, a woman like
high-jumper Debbie Van Kiekebelt
becomes "glamorous Debbie Van
Kiekebelt, a former fashion model" in the
press and so on.
It must not be known that she might
sweat. Or that she is capable of pressing
close to 400 pounds with her legs. Men
don't want to hear these type of things
about woman athletes. It makes them
uneasy to think that maybe women aren't
the docile little creatures they want them
to be. Or maybe it is a little bit of guilt
they feel.
But whatever the reason, it makes men
feel very uneasy to know that women are the
top athletes in Canada today.
Instead of remaining in the kitchen
where they belong, women are coming out
and taking part in sports, and doing the
work necessary to do well in sports. Soon,
women will no longer take a back seat to
men when it comes to sport. In fact they are
no longer willing to do so now.
Many of Canada's top female athletes
such as Debbie Brill and Abbie Hoffman of
Toronto are now stepping forward and
saying what is wrong with Canadian sport
and the attitude most officials have
towards women.
They are making public what have long
been quiet complaints to coaches and
team-managers. Things like, why women
teams only get $1.25 per meal when
travelling while men'steams get $1.75.
They are asking why Canadian teams
travelling overseas always contain more
men than women.
These women athletes are making the
public more aware of the conditions
women in athletics face.
But to do so, they had to become the
best in the world. Quite a price to pay for
decent treatment.
But men are waking up to the fact that
women want to become involved in sports.
They've found the ideal spot for them.
They'll make them cheerleaders.
That'll be perfect. There, women can
play an important role, in fact an integral
role, say the men. They can still be
beautiful while cheerleading, as there will
be no need to sweat and ruin their
make-up, say the men.
And they can cheer for the male athlete
of their choice.
After all, a little hero worship does
every women some good, say the men.
Especially when the hero being worshipped
is a man.
And that's what women's sport should
be all about . . . say the men.


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