UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 19, 1996

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Array After the revolution: the two faces of Cuba
The Ubyssey's Dan Tencer
returns from a country of
The village of Maceo is a ten
minute    walk    from    the
Balneario del Sol resort. A
narrow dirt road shoots off from the
main highway and winds its way
between hills and ponds to the small
town. The main road in Maceo is home
to a large mosquito pond, and little black
pigs run up and down the road eating
horse feces. The village itself is a scattered
collection of old run-down stucco
buildings and wooden sheds. In the town
square, the post office proudly displays a
sign: "Somos felices agui." We are happy
Most Cubans don't seem to be very
happy, though. Everyone I meet in Cuba
has a sad story to tell—a school teacher who
can't teach because there is a supply
shortage, a young fiance who can't afford
shoes for the wedding, an out-of-work
laborer whose father died fighting the war
in Angola...the list goes on. I spent my
Christmas vacation listening to the woes
of Cuban people, as do most tourists who
venture outside their resorts. The Cuban
people are friendly and polite, and even
in the worst neighborhood one never has
to worry about being mugged or having
to lock your door.
That friendlines extends especially to
foreigners. A tourist can't walk five
minutes through the streets of Santiago de
Cuba, a large port city on the island's
southern end, without being stopped by a
local who wants to show you around town.
Their motives, of course, are questionable,
since   they   expect   some    sort   of
compensation for their
efforts.    Not   money-
Cuban citizens have little
use for foreign currencies,
since only tourists are
allowed to shop in dollar
stores-but rather shoes,
soap or a bottle of rum.
And as soon as you have paid someone
for showing you a certain part of town,
someone else will approach you to show
you another part of town. And so on.
But who can blame them? Cuba is, for
all intents and purposes, a third-world
country. One look at the crowded,
polluted and decaying streets of Santiago
and the reality of Cuban life hits you
straight in the face. The suburbs ofthe city
consist of monolithic whitewashed
tenement blocks that look like prisons and
small houses with brick walls and tin roofs
held down by rocks. Clotheslines hang
everywhere. The city itself is
overcrowded, hot, noisy and crumbling.
Cuba straddles the
line between heaven
and hell.
And yet, the architecture and layout of
the city have something in them that suggest
a glorious past. When you look past the
decay, you begin to see that the buildings
themselves were once beautiful and
elaborate   works   of  art,   somewhat
reminiscent of New Orleans. The steep,
narrow streets give the city a San Franciscan
look. The roads are full of
run-down American cars
from the 1950s, Chevys
and Studebakers and
Buicks that have survived
since the pre-revolution
era.   When  you  look
carefully, Santiage de
Cuba seems like a fallen paradise,
somewhere between heaven and hell.
This is the case with all of Cuba—it's a
country that straddles the line between
heaven and hell. Beautiful mountains and
lakes harbor ruined villages, large new
hotels rise above slums. The influx of
tourists into Cuba in recent years is an
obvious example of this duality. The
resorts are beautiful and well-maintained:
satellite television, a free bar, a well-
stocked buffet three meals a day.
This is not how Cubans live. Cuba is
on a food rationing system. A family gets
one kilogram of meat, a pound of rice, a
bag of potatoes and a bottle of olive oil
per month. You can buy more food on
the black market, but a pound of meat will
cost you one quarter of your monthly
salary. Provided, of course, that you have
a salary. Cuba is unique in that it is the
only communist country with official
unemployment. And Cuban citizens
aren't even allowed to visit the tourist
resorts, as I found out when I tried to invite
a few friends from the village to my room.
Most Cubans don't blame their
economic woes on Fidel Castro or
communism—they blame it on the
American trade embargo. Cubans see the
tourism industry as beneficial for Cuba,
and they dream of the day when
Americans will flock to their untapped
paradise bringing jobs, money and food.
There is something un-communist about
this attitude, and it becomes obvious that
communism has failed these people.
Nonetheless, it has had its advantages
for Cuba. The country has achieved a
remarkable 100 percent literacy rate-
fifteen points higher than Canada's. But
being able to read Che Guevara's
memoirs has not put food in the mouths
of schoolchildren.
On New Year's Eve I went downtown
to see the festivities in the city. The centre
of the party was the town square. Four
buildings look out on the square: a
cathedral, a government office, a bank and
a hotel for foreigners. That night, the
Cubans danced in the town square while
the tourists, myself included, sat at coffee
tables on a large veranda in the hotel, high
above the town square. It seemed almost
symbolic, and it reminded me of movies I
had seen about white colonial masters
relaxing in luxury while the natives worked.
At times I felt like a Kentucky colonel sitting
on his front porch watching his slaves pick
cotton; here we were, Canadians, Germans,
Swedes, sitting around, drinking cervezas,
talking, watching the local people do their
thing down below.
I came to Cuba to see the way the
people lived, to understand the Cuban
point of view, to find out who the enemy
was. And, in the end, the enemy turned
out to be me.
Theatre students make it big • Immigration friction • Olympic swimmers? feature
Montreal survivor wins gun bill battle
by Keren Markuze
Amidst a clutter of boxes and
massive backlog of papers and
files sits the woman responsible
for last month's passing of Bill
C-68, Canada's new gun control
Tired and relieved, Heidi
Rathjen is in no rush to organize
her office, nor is she feeling pressured to do anything at the moment. She is simply relishing the
accomplishment of a goal she has
spent the past six years pursuing.
Rathjen, president ofthe Coalition for Gun Control, will soon
leave her position after a lengthy
and draining battle for gun control legislation that began in June
It was then that Kim
Campbell's proposed gun control bill was relegated to a special committee for review, virtually eliminating any chance of it
being considered seriously.
It was a violent slap in the face
to the victims of the Montreal
Massacre which occurred less
than a year earlier, still overwhelmingly vivid and painful for
victims' families and friends of
the victims.
For Rathjen, who was present
in the classroom at the Ecole
Polytechnique on the day of the
massacre,    the    failure    of
Campbell's proposal stirred an
urgent need to take action.
"At the time," says Rathjen, "I
had no confidence that individuals could affect change. But I
knew I had to do something, so
despite my fears and insecurities,
I just did it."
"It is not my
mission to better
society. I just
wanted to right a
Heidi Rathjen
Rathjen chuckles in retrospect
when she remembers how naively she initially undertook her
campaign. Despite her self-confessed lack of know-how or experience, however, she never
reached the point where giving
up seemed the only solution.
Despite her tenacity, Rathjen
says she doesn't consider herself
an idealist. "It is not my mission
to better society. I just wanted to
right a wrong. We deserve gun
control. It is part of who we are
as Canadians."
This conviction was the motivating force in Rathjen's passionate campaign. "A lot of people
expect me to be a lot more trau
matized than I am. They put me
in the same light as the victims'
families, but it doesn't affect me
that way," she explained.
She acknowledges, however,
that her active involvement with
the coalition did start as a reaction to the massacre, and in a
sense ended as a tribute to the
victims. "It does make their
death not in vain, because they
became martyrs for a cause."
But Rathjen does not feel that
the task of the Coalition for Gun
Control is fully accomplished.
She sees its future role as working to sustain the bill and ensuring that there is sufficient counterbalance to Canada's gun
lobby. But Rathjen does have
faith in the current government.
"I think the government is committed to stringent regulations
and eliminating loopholes (regarding the bill)," she said.
With this confidence in the
parties working toward the implementation of the bill,
Rathjen breathes a sigh of relief that she can move on to
something new. While the wisdom in Rathjen's face indicates
that she cannot possibly explain in words the valuable lessons she has learned from her
experience in the last six years,
she stresses that individuals
can make a difference.
cul    de    sac
Litres of phenol-formaldehyde, a toxic chemical used in the manufacture of plywood resin, and
water spilled from a storage tank in Kamloops New Year's Eve: 34,000
Number of assorted ear parts provided to recipients by the St Paul's Hospital "ear bank" last year: 251
Number of day-care spots Ontario Premier Mike Harris says he has eliminated since taking office: 0
Number of day-care subsidies eliminated in Ontario since Mike Harris took office: 3000
Rank of BC among the world's highest life expectancies: 2
Rank of Japan among the world's highest life expectancies: 1
Ratio of North Korean children under five expected to die of starvation this spring
without major international aid: 1 in 5
Year in which it became legal to advertise and sell contraceptives in Canada: 1969
Age of youngest student ever to graduate from UBC: 17
Amount the provincial government hopes to raise through its new immigrant investor fund: $35 million
Amount of this money the provincial government says it plans to spend on social welfare programs: $0
Amount charged by a Manhattan clothing store for a 1930's*style "Depression" jacket: $248 US.
(1) The Province, Jan 5 '96 (2) St Paul's Hospital Press Release, Nov 7 1995 (3-4) The Vancouver Sun, Jan 4 '96 (5-6) The Province, Jan 5, '96
(7) United Nations World Health Organization, as quoted in the The Province, Jan 5, '96 (8) "Sistettiood" Women for Unionism, October 4,1995 (9) UBC
Public Affairs "Tip Sheet", May 15,199S (10-11) The Vancouver Sun, Thursday, Jan 4 '96 (12) Counter Offer, BC Federation of Labour, Winter 1995.
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Money found January 12. If
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if yer queer, you
oughta be here...
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friday 10:30am
ubyssey LQBQ closed
caucus meeting
SVEND ROBINSON addresses "Church and State in the 90's" last Friday at
Oakridge Mall's senior's centre.
Robinson warns against
"radical religious right"
by Simon Rogers
Controversial New Democratic MP Svend Robinson
warned against the growing political influence of radical right-
wing religious groups last Friday.
"There's no doubt that the influence of the radical religious
right is stronger and more powerful in this culture and parliament than in any I've seen,"
Robinson said in an address
on church and
state in the 90s.
"We cannot
allow those
whose personal
religious beliefs
are in opposition
to a particular
whether it be
abortion, euthanasia, etc., to
impose those personal and religious beliefs upon an entire
nation through criminal law."
The Burnaby South MP's
outspoken stance on abortion,
euthanasia and gay and lesbian
rights has often brought him
into the crossfire between the
conflicting agendas of church
and state.
"Over my seventeen year
career, I have perhaps had to
personally confront the issue
of the relationship between
church and state, religion and
"Anybody that
thinks that radical
religious groups
exist only down
there in the US
is very wrong."
Svend  Robinson
state, in the 1990s more times
than any other MP,"
Robinson told the Oakridge
"Many of the issues with
which I've dealt are ones in
which I've had to confront the
radical religious right head-
Robinson cited the powerful
influence of religious groups
over the state as a threat to
one's legal right to autonomous freedom
of choice.
"That is what
[religious groups]
would do, they
would impose
their beliefs on
others and deny
them from their
individual choice
and that is terribly wrong."
Robinson ended his speech
on a cautionary note.
"Anybody that thinks that
radical religious groups exist
only down there in the US is
wrong, very wrong," he intoned gravely.
"Many challenges lay
ahead of us in looking at the
relationship between the
church and state in the 90s
and the growing power of the
religious right. We must be
very vigilant in keeping the
church and state separate."
The Ubyssey is
looking for a
Responsible for coordinating &
editing the Feature Section
Honorarium provided
Position Paper must be submitted
on or before January 30th.
Must be a staff-member
of The Ubyssey
A copy of the job description is
available in the Editorial Office.
Screening: February 8 • Elections: Feb 9 - 16th
The Ubyssey
Friday, January 19, 1996 UBC students bring Salem to the stage
by Noelle Gallagher
Salem, Massachusetts, 1692. Six girls are
found dancing like heathens in the for
est. In the midst of the revelry, one of
the girls, Betty Parris, screams and falls to
the ground.
The ensuing tragedy, wherein nineteen
men and women are sent to the gallows for
alleged witchcraft, forms the historic background for Arthur Miller's powerful tale of
possession and intolerance. The Crucible.
Miller's play, one of six that comprise the
Vancouver Playhouse's 1995-96 season, is
also the vehicle that has allowed UBC students Larissa Ballstadt, Kelly Barker and
Catriona Leger to leap out of student productions and into to the professional world.
It all started when the Playhouse advertised through UBC's theatre department,
looking for several students to act in their
production. Open auditions were held, and
Ballstadt, Barker and Leger landed the parts.
What followed was a challenging rehearsal
schedule on an unfamiliar stage with a cast
full of experienced actors-a context that
would frighten even the boldest student. But
however different or difficult the professional
world may be, Ballstadt, Barker and Leger
gladly credit their UBC acting coaches with
their success.
Ballstadt, who plays Mercy Lewis, says
UBC's drama department certainly measures
up to its academic counterparts. "I've studied at the American Academy of Dramatic
Arts, and I also studied at U of T before that,
so UBC is the third institute where I've been
studying acting, and they have great teachers there. And we've had the opportunity to
work with professional directors before at
UBC on a big stage, so coming here wasn't
such a frightening leap."
Barker, who plays Susanna Walcott and
is currently in the second year of her BFA
program, adds that
the Freddy Wood has
much in common
with professional
theatres. "Some
schools you go to
don't have fully-
working theatres.
We're lucky that we have the Freddy Wood
that has all the bells and whistles, so when
we came here, it wasn't totally foreign."
It wasn't intimidating being the only students in the cast, she says, "because Susan
[Cox], the director, had us come in a week
earlier. She had the students in for a day,
and then the rest of the girls came in, so we
had a week to get used to the rehearsal hall,
the director, the stage management and
some of the other actors, so when the rest of
the huge cast came in, we were pretty comfortable already."
"Hey, we've got us our own professional dressing room!" Larissa Ballstadt, Kelly Barker and Catriona Leger soak in their
surroundings at the Vancouver Playhouse before yet another performance of THE CRUCIBLE. alaina burnett photo
"At school it's easy to be
safe... and when you go
[professional] you get a
little bit shaken."
- Catriona Leger
"Working with the girls for a whole week,
before the actual rehearsal starts for the entire cast, helped," Ballstadt agrees. "It's very
easy to get intimidated around professional
actors. I mean, we're working with people
who have been in the industry-some for ten
years, some for fifty—so it could be really
intimidating...but because we started that
week earlier, and started our own work, I
think it kept us from restricting ourselves in
what we were doing once we got in the setting with all the other actors. Instead of being worried about expanding and trying
something crazy, we got to do that in the
week before we met everyone else.
"Being a student,
you're always hearing
things about what the
professional world is
like, and how frightening it is, and how competitive, and you're going to run into all these
egos. And being actually in the situation
where I haven't encountered any big egos,
it was a great opportunity to work with these
people and get a taste of what it really is
like and not have to worry about this hearsay about the industry."
According to Leger, who played Cecily
Cardew in UBC's production of The Importance of Being Earnest and joins the
Playhouse's Crucible as Betty Parris, some
degree of readjustment was required even
though the Playhouse is "not as overwhelming" as she had expected. "This is certainly
a different process than what I'm used to at
UBC. You have to be able to adc.pt. I guess at
school it's easy to be safe in one way of
working, and when you go out [into the professional world], you get a little bit shaken
up, things are a bit different."
"You have to readjust," says Barker. "One
of the things that amazed me for the first
little while, and still does, is how many
people are involved in the show. At school,
there's the cast, and there's the director, and
there's the stage management and then,
other than that, it feels like everyone's working on their own thing. Here, there's the office staff, there's all these stage management
people, all the people that work backstage;
there's just a huge amount of people involved
in the show."
A si
i well as working with a professional
cast and director, the students got a
chance to polish their dance technique with choreographer Deb Brown. The
Playhouse's production features a wordless
prologue scene which shows the girls dancing in the forest. Leger acknowledges the
scene as her favourite. "I really like the prologue," she says. "It's really exciting. It's exciting to be in, exciting to feel."
Ballstadt agrees. "Of our scenes, I enjoy
doing that one the most. Because there's no
text, you're totally and completely physically
free to do whatever you want. You can lose
yourself in that moment because it's totally
And will audiences lose themselves in The
Yes, says Leger. "It's interesting. There's
been a lot of people in the audience you can
They can't believe these [characters] on
stage are actually doing what they're doing," Barker says. "When you go to plays,
the audience is so quiet. Here they're laughing, and they're responding audibly to things
that are happening on stage. I think that's
Ballstadt also hopes audiences won't dismiss The Crucible as irrelevant to modern
life. "This is something that Sue Cox has very
often discussed with us, because there's
going to be a portion of the audience that's
going to sit back and just look at it as an
historical drama, and not get caught up in it
and say, 'Well, that happened in 1692 and
therefore it has no connection with modern
life,' but really, when you get down to it, a
lot of the themes in this play are continual
themes, and they're universal themes: fear
and repression."
The Crucible's connection to modem society may have been somewhat more obvious in 1959, when the play was scripted and
Communist witch-hunts under the direction
of Senator Joseph McCarthy kept American
citizens in fear of being accused of
"unAmerican activities." However, Ballstadt
argues, the play will still force today's audiences to look at their own fears and their
own intolerance toward others. "There's always going to be some kind of scapegoat. In
the '80s' big AIDS scare, immediately all the
blame was laid on the homosexual community. I think in any situation where there's
that amount of fear there's going to be a
scapegoat, people are going to put the blame
onto whatever they possibly can."
If adventure has a name, it must be... William Shakespeare!
Richard 111
at the Parte theatre
by Janet Winters
Adapting a William Shakespeare
play for the big screen is always a risky venture, but
Richard Loncraine has created a masterpiece in Richard UJ by carefully setting the Shakespearean classic in the 1930s.
Superb performances-especially from the cast's
British actors-accomodate Loncraine's stunning directorial breakthrough. Veteran Shakespearean actor Ian McKellen plays the demented Richard who deceives and murders his way to the throne in typical
Shakespearean fashion. Maggie Smith is exceptional
as Richard's mother, tortured by her youngest son's
horrendous acts against their own family.
The film reflects the timelessness of Shakespearean
themes and is loaded with the most intriguing elements—drama, irony, horror, adventure, romance,
comic relief. Thanks to the unusual setting, striking
comparisons can even be made between the demented Richard and Adolph Hitler.
The story begins violently with Richard executing
the King of England and capturing the throne for his
older brother Edward {John Wood). Like Roman
Polanski's version of Macbeth, Loncaine's Richard HI
is full of blood and gore.
There are many other similarities between the two
plays, but Richard's evil far exceeds Macbeth's. The
suave and heroic Richmond, played by Dominic West,
is Richard UTs equivalent to Macbeth's MacDuff. Upon
courting Richard's niece Princess Elizabeth (Kate
Steavenson-Payne), Richmond remains Richard's only
significant threat to the throne. Swashbuckling
swords are cleverly replaced by artillery and tommy
guns for the showdown scenes.
Princess Elizabeth's mother Queen Elizabeth is passionately played by the always elegant and charming
Annette Bening. Less notable is her American counterpart Robert Downey, Jr. (except in his memorable
death scene) as her younger brother. Rivers.
Richard JITs merging of high quality direction, acting and writing is enhanced by the attention to elaborate details in setting and costume. The viewer should
pay close attention as Richard must follow a complex
trail to ascend to the throne of England.
Richard Ulestablishes Richard Loncaine's brilliance
as a director and reinforces Shakespeare's position
as arguably the most important writer in the history
of the English language.
Friday, January 19, 1996
The Ubyssey literature
English dept. juggles the "politics of art"
Should the "Big
Three" still be
by Douglas Quan
They've been around for
centuries, but no one seems to get
tired of them. Ask any English
professor or major at UBC what
they think of them, and they'll
feed you lines like "inherently
powerful" or "too big to
be ignored."
They are Chaucer,
Shakespeare and
"dynamic trio"
of the English
canon,       as
Dowd     recendy put it
in a New York
Dowd     was
these writers
language"   and
"timeless insights
in    the    wake    of
Georgetown University's
decision to drop the Big Three as
a requirement for English majors.
The questions raised by
Georgetown's decision are being
asked by students here as well.
Why is so much emphasis placed
on these writers, and should they
still hold such a place of privilege
in a society striving for equality?
UBC English Professor Mark
Vessey says the kind of
justification Dowd uses is "dead."
"Good teachers are not
dealing in those cliches
anymore," he said.
If what Vessey says is true, is
UBC's traditionally conservative
English department still justified
in requiring its students to study
these authors?
"Only by understanding
[canonical writers] can students
understand the history of English
literature," argues Professor Paul
Yachnin, "since writers who
come after that write in relation
to them."
There is a general consensus
among the department that even
as critical paradigms change,
"one is as relevant as the other";
only by knowing why
these authors have
been valued in the
past can you
begin to reevaluate them.
Sian Echard
says professors must
balance the
historical and
political. "I
think it's
arrogant if all I
do is try to
make Chaucer
speak to my
students," Echard
said. He was quick to
add, however, "I don't
think it's true that you can cut
writers loose from the historical
forces that made them."
Yachnin feels North America's
"adolescent" culture shouldn't be
"shocked" at the first sight of
political interests in works of
"It's very empowering [to
criticize] towering authors,"
Yachnin said, "but I think it's a
kind of bogus empowering
because you can only get power
over these authors by
misrepresenting what they are
and reducing their complexity."
Professor Paul Stanwood says
there is nothing wrong with
privileging one writer over
another, and cites the tradition
of strong enrollment in these
courses as evidence of their
popularity. "Students do respond
to these writers," he said.
This isn't to say the curriculum
isn't changing; but the process is
a slow one.
"The humanities are perhaps
necessarily conservative," Vessey
said, "because the very idea of
the humanities is based upon the
idea that you're trying to keep
track of things that have a long
He did acknowledge,
however, that these authors all
spin on the same historical axis,
and that "demographic change"
may bring about more
"wholesale sorting" of the
curricula in favour of stuff that is
less insular and eurocentric."
But Professor Patricia Badir
wonders if such a "supply and
demand" scenario is too simple.
Students who find they enjoy
Chaucer, for instance, might
never have taken the course if it
were not required. "So
sometimes you may have to
encourage people to do things
they don't know," she said.
Echard was sympathetic with
"I don't like the
way that English
literary history is
portrayed as a
series of marble
—English professor
Sian Echard
efforts to get away from "literary
fundamentalism" and would
prefer the label "14th Century
English Literature" over the
present "Chaucer."
"I don't like the way that
English literary history is
portrayed as a series of marble
busts," she said.
Susanna Egan, head of the
Honours program, says a
number of forums have been
held on the future of the
program. "We are envisioning
more contemporary curriculum,
and more alertness to contemporary theory," said Egan,
"but not at the expense of
Chaucer, Shakespeare and
And while the curriculum may
be slow to change, Egan
commented on the individual
freedom professors possess. "I
don't think people ever teach the
same way," she said. "We're
constantly discovering our own
responses," she said.
But not all teachers are
keeping pace with the change,
according to one of Egan's
"I just finished a term of
Milton, and I haven't even heard
the word feminism once in class,"
said Jonathan Gray, "and I think
Milton begs that analysis."
In Badir's Shakespeare class,
Tracy Bains said "some
professors simply want to
produce copies of themselves."
For the moment, English
students will have no choice but
to continue to study Chaucer,
Shakespeare and Milton, and
profs will continue to straddle the
fine line between politics and art.
Phone:222-1060   Fax:222-1068
#.103 - 5728 University Blvd. in UBC Village
Sarajevo Days, Sarajevo Nights
by Andy Barham
"God created this world. But
not out of his goodness; no, it
arose from the filthy scourings
of the evil cleansed from His
own soul. And He, newly pure,
went far away from here."
Elma Softie's grim picture of
life in Sarajevo is difficult to
read without feeling angry
at today's world leaders.
It is even harder—nay,
impossible—not to feel utterly
disgusted by the self
serving machinations of
politicians and
diplomats when
one reads of
ethnic cleansings,
the murder of
innocent children,
rape camps, besieged elderly people
starving to death as their
food runs out and thousands
of people forever maimed and
crippled by bomb blasts and
We also learn in Sarajevo
Days, Sarajevo Nights that
human beings can adapt and
become used to damn near
anything. We, in the comfort
of Vancouver, can hardly
imagine what it would be like
to do without running water,
electricity, and fuel for months
on end, during a bitterly cold
winter. We cannot imagine
what it's like to live on a
never-ending diet of macaroni,
rice and oil, with the
occasional treat of freeze dried
soup whenever a UN aid
packet gets through.
The people of Sarajevo were
similarly unprepared for this
harsh lifestyle. Sarajevo was a
sophisticated, westernized city
witliin a tiny republic founded
on principles of cultural
diversity and inter-ethnic
harmony. In fact, contrary to
what the UN would have us
believe, the majority of
Bosnians, including Bosnian
Serbs, wanted to live in a
multicultural society.
Something never reported in
our newpapers is the ruthless
extermination of Bosnian Serbs
by the Serbian
army simply because
they too happened to believe
in these Bosnian ideals of
ethnic harmony.
Hence, the UN has fostered
its concept of a civil war based
on ethnic strife, presumably to
avoid a larger conflict with
Serbia, promoting the division
of Bosnia-Herzogovinia into
ethnic cantons-something
Bosnians themselves, if one is
to believe Softie's account, are
dead against. This division, of
course, serves the interests of
Bosnia's larger neighbours,
Serbia and Croatia, who can
then pick up the pieces.
Softie is ruthlessly critical of
visiting dignitaries from the
West. Regarding Marrack
Goulding*s visit, she notes, Tm
not sure I know why the fellow
in question came at all, but as
far as I can figure out, it was
probably to size up the
situation (it's about the
millionth time that foreign
tourists have come to get a
look at this game preserve up
close—all that's missing is
guns so they can start taking
shots at us, too). For the time
being they're coming just for
a photo-safari. How long it will
take them to trade their
cameras in for big game rifles,
I don't know."
Elma Softie's accounts
of the Bosnian war, as
seen from the eyes
of the beseiged, is
likely far more
accurate than the
bullshit penned by
spin doctors on
behalf of politicians and
diplomats. If nothing else, it is
a stinging indictment of the
failure of the United Nations
to keep and maintain peace
in an increasingly fractious
world. It is, too, a warning to
the rest of us, because what
happened in Bosnia-
Herzogovinia could happen
anywhere. Sarajevo was a
civilized European city whose
citizens enjoyed the same fine
wines, exotic dining and
cultural entertainments as
those of any Western city.
"Sarajevo, where it used to
be impossible to travel twenty
metres without coming upon
a tree, no longer has any
parks. The hills above
Sarajevo, the ones, anyhow,
on which there are no
Chetniks, are bare."
Sarajevans never imagined it
would happen either.
The Ubyssey
Friday, January 19, 1996 sports
Tsukuba women outvolley Birds
by Scott Hayward
Despite an average height
advantage of six inches, the T-
Birds women's volleyball team
couldn't top the University of
Before the game, UBC coach
Doug Reimer noted that his
challenge was to "convince [his
team] that they can beat the
Japanese." After being soundly
defeated in games one and two,
UBC staged a dramatic
comeback win in game three to
avert a sweep, but Tsukuba
rebounded in game four to win
the match 3-1.
Bird Watcr7
Fri., Jan. 19 - Sai., J an. 20
vs University of Alberta
(> :00pm (W),'7:4.5pm (M)
War Memorial Gvm
CiTR FM 101.9 (Saturday)
Fri.,Jan U. - Sun..Jan 21
Canada West Championships
UBC Aquatic Centre
Tsukuba had success blocking
the Birds at the net in spite of their
size, and was able to dig out UBC
spikes. Led by Natsuko Takeuchi's
28 digs, five of Tsukuba's players
had nineteen or more digs, the
same number the Birds' leader
Tanya Pickerell had.
"Integration between [Tsukuba's]
blocking and defence was very
good," said Reimer, noting that
their blocking often slowed the
ball down allowing the back row
to dig out UBC spikes.
In game one, Tsukuba opened
up an early 8-3 lead before
cruising to a 15-6 victory. Then
they jumped out to a 13-3 lead in
game two, but the Birds fought
back and closed the gap for a
more respectable 15-7 final.
Game three looked like
another easy victory, with the
Japanese leading 6-2 early and at
13-7 the match appeared to be
over. But the Birds clawed back
to 13-12, and fought off a match
point at 14-12 before rallying to
a 16-14 win.
"Coming back and winning
that game was significant," Reimer
said. "A lot of teams would have
just died at that point."
However the loss spurred
Tsukuba, who handily defeated
UBC 15-4 in game four to take
the match 3-1.
"It seemed to me that they just
raised their level a little bit
more," he said. "It shows what
you need at the next level."
Reimer noted that the match
was long, showing that UBC was
able to side out an international
level team, but that they had
difficulty scoring points.
Japan outclasses UBC
by Scott Hayward
After eking out two close
games, the University of Tsukuba
men's volleyball team rolled over
the Birds to sweep their
exhibition match with UBC 3-0
on Monday night.
Excellent blocking by Jeremy
Westereng, which continued after
the weekend series with
Winnipeg, was not enough to
keep the Japanese attack at bay.
'Jeremy played well again, not
just blocking and offensively, he
was our leading dig guy," said
UBC coach Dale Ohman.
Westereng led the Birds in
blocking with ten, kills with
thirteen, and digs with fourteen.
"I think he's gaining his
confidence," Ohman said, noting
that Westereng is improving his
defensive skills to match his
Tsukuba opened the match
with a 15-10 win, after taking
control in the late stages of a
close game.
UBC opened up an early 5-1
lead in game two, but Tsukuba
•V* "'
JOANNE ROSS, the tallest T-Bird, had sixteen digs on Monday night,
second only to Tanya Pickerell. scorr hayward photo
battled back and kept the score
even through the middle going.
The lead flip-flopped with the
Birds up 12-11 at one point, but
the Japanese team prevailed and
took the game 15-13.
A frustrated T-Bird team broke
down at the beginning of game
three, making unforced errors and
letting Tsukuba open up a 13-2
lead. The Birds "got way behind,
but they didn't quit," said Ohman.
While UBC did regroup, it was
too late and they eventually
succumbed by a score of 15-6.
"[Tsukuba] had far superior
defensive skills," Ohman said,
noting that his team is still hitting
inconsistently from the outside.
The T-Birds, on the road this
weekend, are hoping to pick up
a couple of easy wins against last
place Regina, to even up their 3-
5 record.
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The course load for this class is about 3000 lbs. Heavy maybe,
but you won't want to skip it. Because the classroom's a '95 Mercury
Mystique or Ford Contour. And your instructors, Canada's top
racing professionals.
Why take the time? For starters, you'll pick up advanced driving
tips like eliminating your blind spot and threshold braking.
And you'll learn how much drinking impairs driving.
You'll also discover how 80% of all collisions can be avoided with
just one extra second of reaction time. The Labatt Road Scholarship
teaches you what you need to know to be a more confident driver.
Try to fit it into your busy schedule. Tuition's free. And this
course doesn't have tests.
It prepares you for them.
Advanced Technology Tires
Friday, January 19,1996
The Ubyssey political friction as Canada looks for the 'right' kind of immigrant
by Federico Barahona
In ^Vancouver Sun editorial published last
February, Charles Campbell—former vice-
chair ofthe now-defunct Irnrnigration Appeal
Board—argued that Canada would be better off
shutting its borders to irnrnigration.
"Population increase based on irnrnigration,"
wrote Campbell, "will confer no benefits on other
Canadians." According to Campbell, the federal
government has been financing the deficit through
immigration. At a time, he explained, when the
government was curbing spending to reduce its
deficit, the annual immigration budget of $501
million had increased 60 percent; the cost of the
Immigration and Refugee Board amounted to $ 110
million a year; welfare to sponsored dependents
cost $700 million; teaching English or French to
newcomers amounted to $1 billion annually;
immigrants also charged legal aid $60 million a
In fact, Campbell stated, the benefits created by
immigration were "small and dependent to
economies of scale."
Campbell's solution? Reducing irnmigration to
a minimum.
In Ottawa, Sergio Marchi, minister of citizenship
and immigration, has a different take on the whole
issue. According to Marchi's plans, Canada
will admit between 195,000 and 250,000
newcomers in 1996-a2.5 percent increase
over last year's levels. Economic immigrants—skilled workers, entrepreneurs,
investors—will make up 50 percent of that
total, while family class immigration will
make up 46 percent.
The    emphasis,   however,    on
economic immigration is no fluke.
According to a series of studies, the "tax
burden" immigration poses decrease as
the    proportion    of    economic
immigrants increases. Studies have
shown that wealthier, better educated
immigrants are less likely to draw on
Canada's social security net.
Individuals applying to enter
Canada now pay a $975 "right of
landing" fee—refundable only if the
applicant is rejected—to offset the
costs     of    processing     their
As a result of the Liberal
government policies, potential
immigrants that are able to read,
write, and speak English or French, have a
sizeable bank account, and are well educated,
have a better chance of
immigrating to Canada than they
did in the past.
Is Canada simply coming to
terms with its economic reality?
Or is Canada trying to cash in on
wealthy new immigrants?
Public Opinion
Public opinion surveys have
consistently found that an
increasing number of Canadians
would reduce irnmigration.
In a survey conducted by
Gallup last summer, 44 percent
of Canadians responded that they
would decrease immigration
given the opportunity; 43 percent
would maintain it at the same
level, and nine percent would
increase it. Support for decreasing
immigration, Gallup found, was
strongest in British Columbia,
where 53 percent of the
respondents would reduce
immigration. Public opinion on
immigration, however, is both
dynamic—susceptible to media
coverage and major policy
Thursday, Friday, Saturday
o   o   o
changes—and mixed. Polls
have shown that Canadians are more willing to
accept immigrants that can make a "positive"
contribution to the country's economy and less likely
to accept immigrants who are perceived to pose a
threat to Canadians' sense of social security.
A narrow understanding
Nandita Sharma, chair of the Immigrants and
Refugee Rights Committee for the National Action
Committee on the Status of Women, is concerned
about the federal government's proposed 1996
immigration levels, specifically the move to favour
economic (independent, skill-screened) immigration
over non-economic immigration (family reunification).
"It shows a narrow understanding of the
contributions family class people make," Sharma
says, adding that non-economic immigrants
"contribute more than what they take in social
services." She warns, however, that the federal
government's proposed immigration levels for
1996 cannot be looked at without taking into
consideration other proposed legislation which
would cut back on the money spent to cover
settlement costs, and would place more emphasis
on the knowledge of English by potential
It's as if, explains Sharma, immigrants are being
blamed for the barriers they face in Canadian society.
Guys. Girls. Cocktails.
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Book Your Fundraiser Now!
733-2821 2291 W.Broadway
Family Studies
Students interested in the graduate program in Family
Studies are invited to attend an Information Meeting.
In addition to faculty members, current students of the
program will be there to share their insights and answer
Date:   January 25, 1996
Time:  12:30-2:30 pm
Place: FNSC Room 30
Instead of removing the barriers, Canadians are
removing the immigrants.
Sharma's views are echoed by Victor Wong,
president of the Vancouver Association of Chinese
Canadians, who accuses the federal government of
backing out on its promises to increase immigration
levels. Instead, Wong points out, the federal
government has created new "barriers," namely the
$975 landing fee and the new emphasis on the
knowledge of English.
Wong fears that the combination of low
immigration levels and the emphasis on economic
immigrants with a grasp of the English language may
stop poor Chinese immigrants from immigrating.
"It may stop Third World immigration," he says.
More and less at the same
John Weintraub, the president of the Young
Reformers at UBC (the Reform Party's youth wing)
is quick to argue that the Reform Party is not racist
when asked about the immigration levels for 1996.
He quotes from the party's Blue Book: "The Reform
Party opposes any immigration policy based on race
or creed."
"Irnmigration levels should be based on what the
economy can handle," Weintraub says. He adds,
however, that he disagrees with the view that
immigration has been detrimental to Canada.
Immigrants, he explains, bring a strong work ethic.
"Let's not stop [irnrnigration]; let's slow it down,"
he says.
When asked if immigrants at the present levels
are a burden on Canadian taxpayers, Weintraub
answers that he doesn't feel they are, but that is his
personal opinion and not necessarily the Party's.
"The evidence simply doesn't support [the
'burden idea]," he says.
Weintraub does supports however, the federal
government's proposed legislation, which, as noted
before, would place an even greater emphasis on
the potential irnmigrant's ability to speak English.
When asked if such legislation could be interpreted
as having racist overtones, he mentions that a fair
number of Third World countries, former British and
French colonies, have English or French as their first
language. This type of legislation, he says would not
favour Europeans over non-Europeans.
A closer look at the Reform Party's policy book,
the Blue Book, reveals that it supports estabUshing
permanent immigration levels at "150,000 per year
in any year where the unemployment rate exceeds
ten percent, with increases in immigration as the
unemployment rate falls below ten percent."
Given the Party's preference for an "immigration
policy that has as its focus Canada's economic needs"
and its promise to redefine the Family Class
category as "members of the immediate
families...wives or husbands, minor dependent
children and aged dependent parents," it is not
unfeasible that the Party would drastically favour
economic/independent immigration over family
class immigration.
In effect, the Reform Party is proposing a cut-
from federal government's proposed level for 1996-
of 45,000 to 100,00 immigrants.
Myths and half-truths
How much of a 'burden' on the Canadian
taxpayer are immigrants?
"They aren't," answers Don DeVoretz author of
Diminishing Returns: The Economics of Canada's Recent
Immigration Policy. "Some groups are, but on the
average they aren't."
One of the most commonly held views regarding
irnmigrants and refugees is that they take advantage of
the welfare system. Many believe that due to low
education levels and a lack of language skills,
immigrants end up permanently relying on the welfare
system for survival. If this is true, the immigrants
undoubtedly are a burden to Canadian taxpayers.
According to Diminishing Returns, immigrants are
generally able to find employment in a relatively
short period of time; they also experience short
periods of unemployment. In fact, being an
immigrant doesn't affect an individual's chances of
being on welfare.
"In British Columbia, 2.7
percent of the welfare caseload," says DeVoretz, "was
foreign-born,   while   immigrants make up 22 percent
of the population."
Another commonly held
view is that immigrants pay less
in taxes that they use in services.
After all, a recently-arrived
family is able to enjoy services-
Medicare,   elementary   and
secondary eduction—whcih are
paid for by the rest of Canadians.
Do immigrants pay less in taxes
that they use in services?
"Ifes," answers Nandita Sharma.
In fact, she explains, immigrants
cover the costs ofthe services they use.
DeVoretz's research supports
Sharma's assertion. It seems that
immigrants' tax contributions are
$30,000-over the Canadian-born
household's lifetime. In fact, according
to a study sponsored by the federal
government, the average immigrant-
family entering Canada in 1990 was a profitable
investment for the average Canadian taxpayer.
Immigration levels vs. the
ideal type of immigrant
"The bigger, the better,"
answers DeVoretz when
asked what the 1996 immigration levels should be.
According to DeVoretz, the
issue is the mix—economic vs.
family class—and not in the
"They should be much
higher for British Columbia,"
he says.
How much higher?
About 50,000, or 1.3 of its
base population, he answers.
According to federal
government's studies,
economic immigration is the
component that benefits
"Canadians most quickly and to the greatest
extent." DeVoretz recommends a 50/50 mix,
arguing that the greater the number of non-
economic immigrants the higher the probability
of immigrant unemployment and the higher the
need to rely on the social security net. DeVoretz
also argues that priority should be given to
younger immigrants with English or French
language skills.
When asked if the English language requirement could favour potential European
immigrants over Third World immigrants,
DeVoretz replies that on the contrary, it will
favour the Hong Kong immigrants more than
"Europeans," he says, "don't want to come to
Canada. The standard of living in Germany is 40
percent higher that Canada's, so is Sweden's. Why
would anyone living in Germany want to move
to Canada?"
Huma Ahmad, a collective member of Colour
Connected, a resource group for people of colour
at UBC, isn't so sure. She feels that the language
requirement is another step in the wrong
"They're selecting specific immigrants—the ideal
Canadian," says Ahmad, who agrees with
Sharma's interpretation. It's as if immigrants, she
says, are being penalized for the barriers they
encounter. For Ahmad, more money should be
spent on removing the barriers—helping
immigrants get settled, language training-instead
of trying to find the 'perfect mix' of economic vs.
non-economic immigration.
"There should be equal opportunity," says
Ahmad. "One group shouldn't be favoured over
the other."
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An Introduction to Networked Computing Facilities
FREE Lectures and Hands-On Tutorials
A FREE lecture and tutorial series has been created to help familiarize
faculty, staff and students with the computing facilities at UBC. A
companion document to the lecture series, entitled UBC Roadmap to
Computing, is for sale at the UBC Bookstore. All lectures will take
place in the Instructional Resource Center (in the same building as the
Woodward library) in the rooms noted below. For more information
about the lecture series, please call 822-0557, or send e-mail to
roadmap @ cs. ubc. ca.
Introduction to Electronic Mail:   January 15, 5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
Using Netinfo and Interchange:   January 16, 1:30 - 2:30, Room 2
Introduction to UBCLIB: Jan 17,5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
Introduction to the UNIX Operating System:   January 18,5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
Introduction to the C Programming Environment:  January 19, 5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
The World Wide Web and Usenet News:   January 22, 5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
Introduction to UNIX File Editors:  January 23, 1:30 - 2:30, Room 2
Introduction to LaTeX:  January 24,5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
Introduction to X Windows:  January 25, 5:00 - 6:00, Room 6
We are also offering FREE hands-on tutorials: Introduction to UNIX,
and Introduction to C programming. Each tutorial is 2 hours in length,
and you will work on an X Windows (graphical) terminal running
UNIX. As space is limited, please phone 822-0557, or send e-mail to
roadmap©cs.ubc.ca , in order to reserve a space.
This program was made possible through the support of The Teaching and
Learning Enhancement Fund and The Department of Computer Science.
rJanuary 29, 30, 31
February 1, 2
presented by the
UBC Arts Undergraduate Society
9:00-5:00, MON - FRI
Live Music
9:00- 5:00, MON-FRI
Sub Conversation Pit
(Main Concourse)
Lecture #1: Trends in the
job Marker, by Dr. Craig
RiddeS! (Head & Professor ol
12:30 - 1:30, MON
Sub Theatre (Auditorium)
Lecture #2: The
Complete Job Hunter",
by Blair Grabinsky (UBC
Career & Placement
Services) and Casey
Forrest of Pinton, Forrest &
12:30 -  1:30, TUES
Sub Theatre (Auditorium)
Lecture #3: "An Arts
Degree?   It Worked
For Mel', an Alumni Panel
including Mi-Jung Lee
(BCTV), John Gray
(Actor/Writer), Maria
Cavezza (Geographer) and
Liz Grant (Psychology
12:30 -  1:30.FRI
Sub Theatre (Auditorium)
SIGN UP at BUCHANAN AWT on Friday, January
continences 10=30 AM Monday, January
south and of main concourse and ands 10.30
maximum 6 studant* par team
open to UBC Arts, Finn Arte and Music
SUB at
8:00PM - midnight,
PRIZES DONATED BY: Whistler Mountain, Red Robin Restaurants, UBC
Bookstore, The Cactus Club Cafe, Purdy's Chocolates, West Point
Cycles, The Red Onion Restaurant
The Ubyssey
Friday, January 19,1996
Friday, January 19,1996
Photo by: Chris Nuttall-Smith
DAY to VOTE to ensure
reaching QUORUM.
<pe AMs^
The Ubyssey
Friday, January 19,1996 ultur
Bonnie Raitt — Road
Tested [EMI]
It's Bonnie Raitt at her best.
What more needs to be said? Not
much, but one statement does not
a review make, or so my editor
would have us believe.
Road Tested is Raitt's long-
awaited live album, and it was well
worth the wait. It features all her biggest hits - 'Something to Talk About,' 'Love Letter' and I Can't Make You
Love Me' just to name a few, as well her newly-released
duet with Bryan Adams, 'Rock Steady' and several songs
which she performs with the sort of lesser-known talents she is known for bringing into the spotlight. Raitt
does not just pay lip service to her heroes - she drags
them out on stage to share them with her audience. Ruth
and Charles Brown are featured along with Jackson
Browne, Bruce Hornsby and Kim Wilson.
The album is 105 minutes of Raitt's bluesy genius;
there is not one stinker in the 22 tracks. Raitt's rock-
country-blues blend creates a sound that appeals to almost everyone - if it doesn't appeal to you, it is quite
possible that, as my mother says, your taste is all in your
However, as is often the case with concert albums,
the CO is woefully short on liner notes. It leaves those
with only a foggy knowledge of Raitt's recording history
in the dark.
It can only be a good sign for a CO when one finds
fault with the liner notes alone, and that Is certainly the
case here. The music Is clear and strong and the album
is definitely "rock steady." * Gittlan Long
Nailbomb — Commercial Suicide [Attic]
There are those of us who like heavy music, including
some heavy metal, but draw the line at particular thrash
metal selections full of screeching guitars and screaming vocals.
If you are one of those, or if you are someone who
likes to understand what is actually being said in a song,
you will probably be disappointed by Nailbomb's apparent reluctance to dearly enunciate their words.
A collaboration of members from hardcore bands
Sepultura and Fudge Tunnel, Nailbomb's Commercial
Suicide rebels musically and lyrically against the music
industry. Most of the album was recorded live at the 1995
Dynamo Open Air Festival.
Although Nailbomb's musicians - especially the drummers - are obviously accomplished, the album's selections are less than memorable.
Commercial Suicide may be able to satisfy the cravings of the wildest house party guest, but the heavy
sounds of Metallica and Rage Against the Machine are
more listener-friendly. - Janet Winters
gandharvas — kicking in the water [watch]
Think early '70s, man, like, you know what I mean?
Tail end of the '60s, rock'n'roll fast on its way to becoming boring, sterile and safe, just waiting for punk to evolve
and come crashing in to kick down the walls of the
bloated, coked out corporate megalith the '60s had ultimately evolved into...
Think children. Products of the sixties, their parents
at the crossroads: in one direction, a continuation of '60s
idealism; in the other, the vast empty, sterile, but safe
road towards financial security which would eventually
evolve into Yuppiedom, the antithesis of everything the
'60s supposedly stood for.
Think gandharvas; children of the '60s, raised on a
diet of their parent's music. Hell, 'Held to the Ground' is
a direct rip-off of the Beatles' Abbey Road. Add some
early David Bowie to the mix, along with a few other late
'60s/early '70s rockers, and, well, you know what I mean,
man. One question remains, namely, Do you think today's
aspiring musicians will
ultimately get as fed up
with strip mining the
past for old fads, as we
are of listening to them
do it?  - Andy the grate
Nocturnal ammunition
From Dusk Till Dawn
at the Granville 7 theatre
by Peter T. Chattaway
At first From Dusk Till Dawn
looks like it might strike a balance
between Quentin Tarantino's
savvy scriptwriting and the kinetic
camerawork and adrenaline editing that are Robert Rodriguez's
forte. Indeed, the opening shootout, which segues smoothly from
snappy dialogue to airborne hemoglobin, is a masterful fusion of
talents. But after that, their styles
prove to be as insoluble as oil and
water. This is not one movie but
two half-movies; one might call it
Two Rooms.
The defining moment comes
halfway through the story. Two
American bank robbers and their
hostages, having escaped to
Mexico, enter a strip club called
the Titty Twister, an opulent den
of iniquity that leaves most other
saloons choking in the dust. The
camera lingers lasciviously on a
neverending cascade of flesh,
beer, flesh, Mayan architecture,
flesh and six-shooting codpieces
(did I mention flesh?) that vie for
our attention as the criminals take
their seats. One stripper takes
centre stage - or table, as the case
may be — and begins to flirt
shamelessly with one of the slack-
jawed gringos.
Until, that is, her face becomes
a fanged piece of Shredded Wheat
and she bites him in the neck —
let the bar room brawl begin!
What's interesting here is that
the bitten criminal is played by
Tarantino himself; among his hostages are a father and daughter
played by Tarantino alumni
Harvey Keitel [Reservoir Dogs) and
Juliette Lewis [Natural Born Killers). The stripper, however, is
played by Rodriguez regular
Salma Hayek and assisted by
other faces culled from Desperado's rank-and-file; it's not just
her character that overwhelms
Tarantino, but Rodriguez's whole
filmmaking entourage.
The first half does set things up
nicely enough. As the brainier half
of the bank-robbing brothers, EKs
George Clooney is a cool, articulate hunk, a pistol-cocking Dean
Martin to Tarantino's geeky, sex-
offending Jerry Lewis. Keitel, in
one of his most atypical roles to
date, plays a soft-spoken Baptist
minister who's begun to question
his faith ever since his wife died;
when he and his children are
taken hostage, the stage is set for
some potentially fascinating character interaction.
But Rodriguez will have none
of that. Once the gang crosses the
border into Mexico, it's as though
they've stepped into a different
movie altogether. The humanity
Pigs do not have wings.
^£\^c^t, scary
UBC Film Society
Check for our flyers
Friday to Sunday in SUB Auditorium
in SUB 247.
7:00 To Die For
£ 4^ a film
9:30 The Ususal Suspects
Juliette Lewis feels mighty cross in From Dusk Till Dawn.
established in From Dusk Till
Dawn's opening act evaporates
into a kitschy and not very scary
vampire slaughterhouse; it's genre
violence for the sake of genre violence, ^distinguishable from any
other slasher flick and so cheesy
at times you'd swear the dissolving succubi were made of gouda.
If Desperado proved anything,
it was that Rodriguez is a master
of action sequences in dire need
of a script to hold them together.
Working with Tarantino was supposed to have solved that, but after this film and Four Rooms, it's
hard to believe Quentin's writing
was considered Oscar-calibre as
recently as last March. These bad-
boy auteurs will have to discover
some new ideas if they don't want
to end up as terminally soulless
as the monsters who stalk their
101.9 fM
ubc film soc/ery
For 24-Hour Movie Listings call 822-3697
They're not really criminals,
but everybody's got to have a dream.
7:00pm Monday January 22
in the SUB Theatre
Come by The Ubyssey at SUB 241K
for your free double passes
Friday, January 19,1996
The Ubyssey opinion
Media eats up whining wienies
We're often surprised by the mainstream
press' priorities when it comes to campus
news, but last week's Tube Steak media
frenzy was truly awe-inspiring in its sheer absurdity.
The big Vancouver dailies barely batted an eye
when UBC became an exclusively Coke campus last
November; pop is just pop, after all, but hotdogs-
that's another story.
When UBC asked Tube Steak to leave in an
effort to improve its rocky relationship with the
AMS and unions, it prompted a front page photo
and angry editorial in The Province, coverage in The
Vancouver Sun and even a segment on CBC's
All it took was a Mr. Tube Steak executive to
wonder whether recently-appointed BoG member
and well-known pinko Ken Georgetti was behind
the whole thing and the media sniffed a sure fire
left-wing conspiracy.
The Georgetti angle was ludicrously
unfounded, but it didn't stop  The Province from
calling Tube Steak "a wiener warrior flying the free-
enterprise flag in a UBC battle." UBC was anti-
employee! UBC was anti-free enterprise! UBC was
anti-wiener! And weren't they the ones that had just
caused that unpleasant ruckus for those poor
political science profs? I mean, political correctness
is one thing, but for God's sake, don't touch our
tube steaks!
"What are they teaching at UBC?" The Province
demanded, "Freedom of choice, or paranoia?"
UBC grad student and Tube Steak Crusader
Michael Kyba, displaying the truly awesome
potential of the information superhighway we've
been hearing so much about, created a web-site
dedicated to Tube Steak support. Net surfers were
offered mournful digitized pictures of their favourite
tube steak vendors, Andre and Glenna ("CUPE:
Meet those whose jobs you would destroy," the
caption read).
Kyba sidekick William Burchill captured the
sentiments of Tube Steak supporters everywhere.
"It's fun to go to their little carts, and students
line up for them even in the rain," he said. How
can the university be so cruel?
"Andre has no idea what he did wrong," the
homepage reads. "Perhaps he was just too hard
working, too friendly, too successful. In any case,
CUPE's Christmas present to this elfish fellow
was one month's notice to get out of town. And
with no guarantee of a job in the new year, Andre
and his sweetheart had to cancel their Christmas
We're sure Andre is a perfectly decent—if not
"elfish"- fellow, and we're genuinely sorry about
his spoiled Christmas vacation, but we're amazed
at how much publicity a flashy cart and silly name
like "Tube Steak" can get you.
It's almost enough to make us actually
sympathize with the university administration and
their wiener cart plight.
Now if they could only get rid of all the other
wienies on campus...
January 19,1995
volume 77 issue 30
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press.
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by The Ubyssey
Publications Society at the University of British Columbia. Editorial
opinions expressed are those of the newspaper and not necessarily those
of the university administration or the Alma A/later Sodety.
Editorial Office: Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 SUB Blvd., UBC V6T1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301   fax:(604)822-9279
Business Office: Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654   business office: (604) 822-6681
Business Manager: Fernie Pereira
Advertising Manager: James Rowan
Account Executive: Deserie Harrison
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Noelle Gallagher, Scott Hayward and Ben Koh sat mesmerized ai Peter T. Chattaway
lectured Andy Barham on the virtues of Yogic Asceticism. Joe Clark stroked his beard
to scruffy appreciation to FhotoSoc (for the Hypo dear), chalk balanced between
thumb and forefinger, "It revitalizes the mind by freeing blood supply to the brain,**
offered Charlie Cho, "My uncle does it all the time." Megan Kus tamed on the tape
deck and began to hum a Violent Femmes song. Siobhan Roantree and Jenn Koo
Joined in, followed by Sarah O'Donnell and Janet Winters, until the dishevelled office
echoed with the sirenesque wail: "Gone daddy gone—**
Matt lnompson turned to Dan lencer and Douglas HadGeid and, with a look that
bespoke one too many a deadline, mumbled something about daylight savings time.
Federico Barahona picked up the telephone and then put it back down, plagued with
uncertainty. Jesse Gelber and Douglas Quan both tapped their left foot simultaneously, quietly, dreaming of sunnier places. Simon Rogers Fell asleep while Paula Bach
drew ellipses around his body, Wah Kee Ting was turned into a Thing by the Pink
Fairy. Richard Lom captured the beauHIul transfomatian with his camera. Alaina Burnett
composed a fabulous poem about the experience. Gillian Long thought long and hard
about the issues involved surrounding the metamorphasis. Wolf Depner was the Brst
one to congratulate the Pink Fairy personally.
Coordinating Editor Siobhan Roantree
Copy Editor: Sarah O'Donnell
Nevvs Editor: Matt Thompson
Culture Editor. Peter T. Chattaway
Sports Editor: Scott Hayward
Production Coordinator: Joe Clark
letters ■
to improve
RE: Registration headaches,
On behalf of all staff at the
registrar's office, I would
like to apologize to all students for the problems that
were encountered on telereg
during the first two weeks of
January. Staff at the registrar's office strive to provide
good service to our clients
and we feel that our systems
failed in providing the level
of service that we expect
them to.
I would also like to clarify
some issues that were raised
in Stanley Tromp's article.
All grades submitted to the
registrar's office by December 21st were available for
inquiry effective December
22nd. The majority of
grades however were received in our office between
December 27th and December 29th. Our office was
open but computing services
staff who normally enter
these grades were on holidays between Christmas and
New Year (which resulted in
the majority of grades not
being available until the first
week of classes.) Implementation of the FOIPP act
which discouraged instructors from posting grades resulted in increased demand
on telereg.
Term two changes & fee assessments: telereg is available from the start of registration in June until the first
two weeks of classes in January for term two changes
and fee assessments. Students who waited until the
first week in January to initiate term two changes and
to find out their fees also
added to the load on telereg.
All four Student Access kiosks were available for
course/grades inquiry, and
transcript requests. During
the first week injanuary, we
had students lined up continuously at all four kiosks.
Administrative and systems
staff monitored all four kiosks at ten-minute intervals
to ensure that any systems
problems were resolved immediately.
We plan on increasing the
number of telereg lines for the
96 Winter registration period.
We are also actively investigating distributing grades ac
cess via the net and hope to
have this in place for '96 Winter. Registration via the net
may also be possible once we
have made some changes to
our mainframe systems. Your
comments and suggestions
on any service that is
provided by the registrar's
office are welcome. You
can reach us by e-mail:
Sham Pendleton
Registration Administrator
Registrar's Office
Georgetti on
Tube Steak
I had to laugh when I read
Ian Gunn's recent article,
particularly the part about
Ken Georgetti wanting to
hear from students about our
Recently, I phoned him
up, hoping he would show
some interest in keeping our
beloved Tube Steakers,
Andre and Glenna, on campus. My moral objection to
ousting them from campus is
that students like them and
want them to stay. Second
arily is the issue of subjecting students to yet another
monopoly - this time a labour monopoly given to
CUPE. Whether students
suffer by paying more for
soft drinks now that Coke
has a monopoly, or whether
they suffer the cost, poor
service and lack of choice
associated with a labour
monopoly make no difference. In the end, two parties
have made a deal where
student buying power is
the currency, and in the end,
it is students who end up
Given Ken Georgetti's supposed constituency, the
downtrodden worker, I
thought he might also be interested in protecting work-
ers'jobs -just before Christmas, Andre and Glenna, the
happy tubc-steakers, were
given untiljanuary 31 to get
off campus.
Shockingly, he told me the
issue was "insignificant" and
didn't want to talk to me.
Two people's jobs!
I hope somebody can
explain this, because I am at
a loss.
Michael Kyba
graduate student
Photo Coordinator: Jenn Kuo
LETTERS POLICY: Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. "Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but under 750 words and are run according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given to letters and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is time sensitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run unless the identity of the writer has been verified. Please include your phone number, student number and signature (not for publication) as well as your year
and faculty with all submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
The Ubyssey
Friday, January 19,1996 sports
On the path from Nicaragua to Atlanta
by Simon Rogers
From her introduction to the
world of swimming at the tender
age of five to her startling
performance in the CIAU
championships last year, Alex
Ruiz's swimming career has been
as long as it has been successful.
Her success will be tested once
again in this weekend's Canada
West Championships at the UBC
Aquatic Centre.
Born in Nicaragua, Alex
started swimming under the
instruction of her mother. She
swam competitively until grade
ten before taking two years off.
Once she was drawn back to
the water world she swam for
the Pacific Dolphin Swim
Association, a Vancouver club
team affiliated with UBC, before
trying out for the varsity team.
"Originally, I started up again
so I could keep in shape." Ruiz
said. Little did she know,
however, that within two years of
training she would be vying with
Sarah Evanetz, a veteran on the
women's swimming scene, for the
number one position. "I never
expected to be so close. When I
started Sarah was up there
making all the world teams."
At last year's CIAU
championships Alex won a total
of six medals, four silver and two
gold. Two of the silver medals
were won in her best events, the
100 metre butterfly and the 100
metre freestyle, while the golds
were in relay events.
With the trials for the 1996
Olympic games looming, Alex
will have the strongest chance of
making the Canada National
team in these events. Her
personal best in 100 metre
butterfly is just one second shy of
meeting the qualifying standard.
"It would be awesome to make
the team. I never really thought I
had a chance, but this year I've
made top eight, so a chance does
exist," she said. "Right now all I'm
really concerned about is swimming
my best and seeing how well I can
do, how high I can rank."
ALEX RUIZ needs to shave less than one second off her time in the 100 metre butterfly to meet the Olympic
qualifying requirements. scott hayward photo
According to assistant coach
Randy Bennett, the women's team
is favoured this weekend, and Alex
will probably be most challenged
by her own teammates. "Most of
the hard competition for her is
going to come from within. She
has to compete against Sarah
Evanetz, Anita Lee and Sarah
Cherry," he said. "A couple of girls
from Calgary will also pose stiff
Despite a bout of the flu that
kept her out of training camp
over Christmas, Alex feels
confident that she is in good
shape and that, come Friday, she
will be ready to go.
Combining the rigors of engineering with sports
*■*¥' "^"rrSiSf*-. ■" ■' ■■*'"«>*'■'■
by Simon Rogers
How does an athlete balance
the rigors of school with the time
demand imposed by practice
schedules? Ask Greg Hamm, one
of the newest and most
prominent faces on the UBC
varsity men's swim team.
At the age of nineteen, with
nine years of swimming
experience, Greg is the defending
CIAU champion in 200 metre
backstroke, having won the event
in the meet last year.
Originally from Delta where
he swam with the Delta Sun Gods
club team, Greg has quickly
adapted to the training regiment
at UBC. "He is a very hard
worker both in and out of the
pool, a very well-rounded
individual," said Assistant Coach
Randy Bennett.
With practices starting most
mornings at 5:30 am and training
sessions every afternoon, in
addition to the many hours he
spends in the classroom, Greg is
left to juggle the time he spends
in the pool with what he devotes
to his second year Engineering
His hard work has obviously
paid off. Greg remains unbeaten
this year in the 200 metre
backstroke and looks forward to
carrying his record into this
weekend's Canada West
championship at UBC's Aquatic
Centre, where he hopes to shatter
the meet record set by friend and
mentor Kevin Dracksinger.
Greg's long-term goal is to
qualify for the Olympic team. In
the fiercely competitive world of
men's swimming, he stands his
best chance at qualifying for the
National team in 200 backstroke.
He must first, however, contend
with the six other swimmers who
most threaten his chances at
gaining one of the two coveted
team positions.
Greg remains optimistic. "I
came fifth [overall] last year at the
nationals. This year I have
already almost got my best time
from nationals. I hope I can move
up to number one or two by the
end of the season."
As for his motivation,
"swimming has always been a lot
of fun for me. If I didn't enjoy it,
I wouldn't be here.
Self Serve
Featuring Easy-to-use.
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* Reduce / Enlarge 64 - 7 55%
• 8'/jH 11 • 8'/, x 14
• 11 x 17 — (ISC ea.)
We are big on Value,
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Discover the
Friendly Competition!
GREG HAMM hopes to repeat his 1995 unbeaten streak in the 200 metre
backstroke. He has already beaten the qualifying time he needs to make
the Olympic team. SC0TT HAyward photo
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Come By Chem B160 or
call 822-4235 i©r more Info!
2nd Floor 2174 W   Parkway
UBC, Vancouver, B.C.
Open 7 days! M-F • 8-9 I S S • 10-0
Friday, January 19,1996
The Ubyssey
11 V.
forum 3
"Access to Information
(Personal Computers, Netinfo,
UBCLIB and the world wide Web)
Summary of Questions and the        held Wednesday, November 8th in SUB
Responses from the Panel: Moderator: Maria Klawe
Panel:Dean Leung, Jim Tom, Julie Stevens, Yair Wand, Ian Franks, Tom Meleady,
Ruth Patrick, Audrey Lindsay, Bill Koty, Branko Peric, and Bob Bruce
I've been using the Arts Computing Lab for about 4 years. The staff
is really helpful but the line ups for the computers are very long.
Students are using email and seem to get onto the Internet for hours
during the peak times. They should limit the time during the school
day. What are your plans in this area?
The first Arts Computing lab was opened in 1989 with 20 work stations.
We've come a long way since then although it may not be apparent.
We have many more work stations now and we try to keep increasing
them. Not many people like working from midnight to 6 but you might
try to change the hours you access the lab. We have 60 or 70 work
stations available after 4:30. In some respects its easier to get funds for
hardware than it is to find space for the labs.
We tried to restrict the use of email last year but found that some
Economics courses required the use of email and the Web browsers.
One of the labs does not have email access. We may be able to reduce
the number of workstations that access email during the day.
I'm a grad student and have been using a computer for 12 years but
I have found the various Library databases difficult to use. The
command structures are different for each database. Can you do
anything to provide a common interface?
There are well over 500 databases available and many of them arc
located at other places. Across the greater library system, we are trying
to encourage the use of Z39.50 as a common protocol but it is very
difficult to get everyone on board. Many ofthe services will soon be
accessible through a Web browser and that should make access much
Do you have any plans to put registration on line?
How about access to Housing?
The Registrar's Office is working on Registration via the Web as a
priority. We hope that the Web will provide greatly improved access
but we're not quite there yet. We are presently working on a project
with 14 post secondary institutions to develop a Web based application
system. This could be expanded to include Awards and Housing. The
first part ofthe system should be available to high school students by
January 1996.
Given that we have so many excellent programmers on campus and
given the agreement that we want to be able to access more things
through the Web, why not get a group of volunteers to develop the
That's a really interesting idea and one that we should look at. One of
the problems with using volunteers is security, but we could probably
find some projects where security wouldn't be a major concern. We
would also need to ensure that we are working within any collective
agreements with our staff. Write down your suggestions for future
projects and let's see what we can do.
Comment: I am pleased to see the number of students that have
computers available to them. It's a losing battle to keep providing more
computer labs. The present arrangements provide very different access
depending on the student's program of study. Are we reaching the
point where we should expect students to have their own computers?
What kind of financing arrangements would we need to put in place?
We should be putting our efforts into access and not resources. We
need more access ports and dial in lines.
Q I'm in Science. Is it possible to make a lab available for email?      Q Should thete be some differentiation between student rates and others?
Students and faculty pay the same access rates but students get
discounts on symphony tickets. What are you planning to do about
Interchange rates?
We are trying to expand the computer resources in the Faculty. There
are a number of labs in the different departments but access is primarily
for course use. There are some terminals around which permit short
term use for email, but we do need to make more computer resources
available. Some ofthe computers in the Chemistry (103) labs will
eventually be made more widely available. The Science Undergraduate
Society might want to lobby the Dean.
v£ The AMS advertised for Netinfo Assistants. What happened to the
There has been a bit of a delay because the person coordinating the
program has been ill. The AMS has now picked the Netinfo Coordinator
and will start to interview the tutors within the next two weeks. The
Library is running some training sessions now, but we hope to have a
larger program up and running soon.
Q Why do students have to pay for access if they want to get access to
the command line ? I'll have to pay about $300 this year. This kind
of access is free at other universities.
Although the University has adopted a policy that access to computing
is operated on a fee for service model there are exceptions for student
services like Netinfo. Some courses also provide free computing time
and access to the network. The present system does permit units to
assign their own priority to computing access. We have recently
established an Advisory Committee on Information Technology (ACIT).
This committee which will include student representatives will be
looking at the various charging systems for services beyond those which
are free.
Q The free access allowed through Netinfo is minimal. Why not absorb
the cost and allow unlimited access for students, especially graduate
There is a cost to providing the service and if we provide unlimited
free service, the funds have to come from somewhere and we may not
be using the resource efficiently We would either have to take funds
from some other area or find new sources of money. The Netinfo
Steering Committee is ttying to identify future directions. One
opportunity exists with the development of improved client-server
software. We may be able to include access to Netscape or similar
software that will provide a better "front end" and improve access to
Library and   other   databases   on   campus  and   from   home.
Q Is it possible to bypass the off-colour newsgroups?
Everyone has different ideas about what they want to see. If we eliminate
some groups centrally, then no one has the opportunity to see them.
You can set up a list of the newsgroups that you want on your own
computer and only bring down  the files you want to see.
The rate issue is one ofthe reasons we set up the ACIT committee. We
need to talk this out as a community. The costs have to be paid somehow
but funding decisions impact each group differently Remember Netinfo
provides free service for students.
Q What is the MRN?
The Media Resources Network was established in 1994 to coordinate
the application of new information technology to teaching, learning
and communications. The MRN "Integrated Plan" is a UBC project
funded by the province through its "Skills Now Fund" initiative, which
will provide $4 million over two years. The project involves all faculties
as well as Housing, Continuing Studies and the Library. The main
focus of MRN is to develop learning mateiials for use in the classroom
and at a distance. The funds will not only allow us to acquire facilities
and to develop the software but will help people get the skills to develop
these new learning materials. The MRN home page allows one to
browse the many active projects and get a sense ofthe developments
in different academic areas. (Access the MRN home page at
Q Will the MRN materials be available for use in the faculty and staff
development projects?
One ofthe MRN projects involves a multi-purpose video server. It
allows dissemination of video clips over the netwotk. We have actually
developed a clip for Human Resources and are using it for test purposes.
Of course there is still the question of how staff will access it. Incidentally
with support from the Teaching and Learning enhancement fund, we
are putting on courses for faculty membets to demonstrate how
multimedia can be used in a classroom setting. There is considerable
faculty interest in the use ofthe new technology as is evident from the
monthly demonstrations in the Telecentre by MRN project leaders and
by the "visits" to the home pages.
CD I'm a grad student and have recently bought a computer, but I did
not have one through my undergraduate years. When you have a
course assignment that is computer intensive, aren't you giving an
advantage to someone who has dial-in access as opposed to the person
who has to rely solely on lab access? This becoming more of a concern
since so many courses now seem to have some computer aspects to
That is a really good question. I guess in some respects it reinforces the
earlier suggestion that expecting students to have a computer levels the
playing field. The cost of a computer is relatively small in comparison
to the ovetall cost of an undetgraduate or graduate degree. Of course
there is still the problem of software and while we are able to get good
educational discounts, it's still pricey. If we were able to extend the
pricing that is available to departments through Computing and
Communications Mercury service to students, it would make the price
of standardized software much more attractive.
Comment: The new Koerner Library will have 500 work places with
network access so that will ease the access problem somewhat and enable
students with laptops to access the system from on campus. This would
also make it easier to extend Mercury access to students since it would
provide  the high speed necessary to download the software.
^ Most of us probably use Netinfo for email and to access newsgroups.
If we were allowed to access the system using client/server software
we could do more work off line. Is that possible?
One needs to use different software and move to higher speed modems
in order to be able to provide reasonable access to a large number of
users. This service is now available and many students access it through
Interchange. We need to identify the cost involved in upgrading to a
client/server based system that would accommodate all students. One
ofthe other considerations is that in order to use the higher speed access
you generally need a more powerful computer. We would also need to
add support to the Help Desk. Perhaps this is an area where we could
use volunteers.
Comment: Client/server access is actually available now for $ 11 /month
from Interchange. This is very competitive to fees charges by other
service providers in Vancouver. Information on Interchange is available
on the C&C home page (at http://www.cc.ubc.ca/).
Comment: Software is available for offline text editing on the Vancouver
Freenet (http://freenet.vancouver.bc.ca/).
Comment: Students seemed in agreement that if they were given SLIP
access which would enable them to spend less rime on line, it would
be fair to reduce the amount of Netinfo quota, e.g. to 5 hours.
Since the modem pool is a large part ofthe cost, and SLIP/PPP allows
client/server interaction which will use the modem pool more efficiendy,
won't costs be reduced?
While the modem pool is costly, it is only about 20% to 30% of the
total cost. The modem pool scales well but unfortunately the added
people costs (help desk, technical support) don't scale very well at all.
Any off-line reduction in connect time in areas such as email will likely
be more than compensated for by increased time surfing the net with
a graphical browser such as Netscape. The Help Desk support related
to client/server problems often escalates into Technical Support
invoivement because the problems are often obscure and varied in cause.
There are also security issues which arise through access to SLIP/PPP
which are not there with the existing Netinfo.
Having said all of that, we know that Web based courses are the way
of the future and we really need to start looking at improving the
Netinfo access now.
There are lots of people on campus who haven't really had access. If
we expect all students to have computers, what would the time line
Thete are about 30,000 students on campus and about 18,000 presently
have access through Netinfo. I would think that it will be at least three
years before we have enough computer based teaching materials to
justify the requirement. Whether its 3 years or perhaps 4 or 5, there is
litde doubt in my mind that eventually all students will have computers.
Participants in the forum were invited to submit
written comments. Several responses were turned in.
The following points represent the most common
areas of concern:
• Improved access to Library databases
• Inequitable distribution  of workstations and
computers from faculty to faculty
• Inadequate high speed access to on campus network
• Should be ethemet access in classrooms
• Should  be   a   subsidy program for   students
to purchase computers
• Don't forget the students that don't have computers or
computer knowledge
• Do we have statistics on the use of computers
by women at UBC?
U£<2 foT'
Friday, January 19th
SUB Auditorium
Teaching & Learning
Ihe fourlh YOUR UBC forum will be held this Friday.
January 19th at 12::5() in the SUB Auditorium. Ihe forum will focus on
Teaching and Learning at UBC. I he fifth YOUR UBC ibrumis scheduled
for Tuesday February 27th on The Library and Study Space. Watch for
further details.
Speak your mind ....we're listening.


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