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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 24, 1980

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Array Animal researchers battle vivid image
By NANCV CAMPBELL
vivisection, n. Dissection of or (loosely) inoculation etc. tried upon living
animals.
Vivisection is not an issue people are confronted with daily, but
students at UBC may soon be
forced to consider it.
Spray painted slogans and two
damaged vans on Monday were
only the latest attempts in a long
effort by anti-vivisectionists to
halt experiments at UBC, according to university spokesperson
Peter Thompson. Scientists involved in animal research are
constantly receiving phone calls
and letters, anonymous and signed, attacking their work, he said.
But what anti-vivisectionists say
happens at UBC labs, and what
really happens are two different
things according to scientists who
use animals in their experiments.
Rats, cats, guinea pigs, dogs
and pigs are used by researchers in
agricultural sciences, medicine,
pharmaceutical sciences, dentistry, psychology and biological
sciences. Use of live animals, although never frequent, has declined during the past 10 years, the
head of the physiology faculty
said Thursday.
"I'm not sure the anti-vivisectionists have changed our attitudes," said John Ledsome. "We
certainly used to use more animals, but the difficulty of getting
animals and the economics of it
has reduced their numbers."
Most research animals used at
UBC are purchased from breeding
firms. The costs are astonishing:
rats $8, rabbits $15, dogs $300.
What are animals used for at
UBC? Many are used for chronic
or long-term experiments. In the
basement of the acute care hospital rabbits are being used to study
blood platelets. The experiments
are lengthy and involve injecting
radiated platelets into the bloodstream.
Animals are also used for acute,
or short-term experiments. They
are kept in good health until the
experiments, after which most are
put to sleep.
In general, UBC science students rarely experiment on live
animals. Medical students perform only one live animal experiment before they work with human patients in their third year.
Even then they are allowed the option to not perform the experiment if they are against using an
animal which will be killed after
RABBIT .
the experiment.
Most demonstrations involving
animals are on videotape, and only two or three demonstrations
with live animals are performed
each year.
Animal researchers are not in-
only flesh wound
sensitive to working with animals
that will die as a result of or after
the experiment. "Sometimes you
get a cute dog and you have to
steel yourself and remember that
it was going to be put down anyway," said Ledsome.
Insert plans
put on hold
By VERNE McDONALD
The Alma Mater Society's proposed insert in The Ubyssey has
been held off by student council until a media liaison committee is
formed to deal with it.
A motion asking council to approve the proposed insert was withdrawn at Wednesday's meeting after council unanimously accepted a
Council Briefs
report from the media commission
recommending that a media liaison
committee be formed immediately.
The report recommended the
committee be made up of two representatives each from student
council, CITR and The Ubyssey
and be chaired by the AMS ombudsperson. The first priorities of
the committee would be to investigate the insert, autonomy for The
Ubyssey and CITR, and a survey of
student attitudes towards media on
campus.
But though the insert motion was
withdrawn after acceptance of the
report, council later approved the
expenditure of $750 for commerce
representative Bruce Cheng to con
duct a survey on media other than
that to be considered by the liaison
committee.
Student senator Chris Niwinski
attacked the expenditure on the
grounds that Cheng would be receiving credit in a commerce course
for conducting the survey. "I think
this sets a very bad precedent," he
said. "Such things have been very
badly abused in the past."
AMS vice-president Marlea Haugen defended the motion. "So long
as council knows what it's doing, I
think this is a very good
precedent," she said.
Niwinski said Thursday the allot-
ing of funds for a survey which
would also be used for course credit
was comparable with instances in
the past where AMS executive
members have done work for the
society which they also applied to
their courses.
"I think it's a very bad conflict of
interest," he said.
External affairs coordinator Al
Soltis, who served on the media
commission as a student council
representative, said Thursday that
the survey would not affect the liaison committee. "(The committee)
See page 3: SURVEY
AMS desperate
to halt fee hike
By GLEN SANFORD
Student council is desperately trying to arm itself for a battle against
tuition fee hikes by seeking student
input on the issue today and during
the weekend.
A public forum for students to
express their concerns about the
proposed 13 per cent fee increase
for next year will be held today in
SUB 260 at 3:30 p.m.
Input from the forum will give direction to a report being compiled
by the external affairs subcommittee against the fee increase, student
board of governors representative
Anthony Dickinson said Thursday.
The report must be prepared by
Monday and the subcommittee will
compile it on the weekend, Dickinson said.
Al Soltis, Alma Mater Society external affairs coordinator, admitted
students have not been given sufficient warning of the forum and
said a large turnout is not likely.
"We've got a hell of a problem,"
he said. "We've been caught flat-
footed."
"We just hope people are going
to be interested enough that some
people show up to give us new and
profound ideas," he added.
He said any students who do not
attend the forum but wish to contribute to the report can offer their
suggestions to the subcommittee
Saturday or Sunday afternoon in
his office, SUB 262.
Dickinson said council has been
slow in preparing itself for battle
against the increase because the
board had not informed students of
the 13 per cent jump until three
weeks ago. But he also said council
members have not hastened to assist
the struggle.
"Due to their (council's) laxity,
one wonders whether they're concerned or not," he said.
"I did what I could to point out
the political considerations behind
letting the increase pass. If student
council lets this go without a fight,
it's opening itself up for even more
increases in the future," he added.
Dickinson said the subcommittee
will present an argument for no increase whatsoever at the next BoG
meeting Nov. 4. At that meeting the
board will make its decision on how
much fees will increase in the
1981-82 academic year.
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LXIII, No.20
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, October 24.1960
— aric aggartaon photo
"OH, MOMMIE, why did little Poo-Poo have to die," cries heartbroken garbage bag boy as he sadly fondles remains of pet bag of shit for last time. "Oh, Trashworth," exclaimed Mommie, "Poo-Poo has gone to much better
place than Mclnnis fieldl Now he's up in clouds, with lots of other nice crap bags. And someday, you and I will be
there with him, spraying piss around and having a lovely time." Little tyke then beamed and threw former pet into
nearby face of bystander.
Students stuck in heartbreak motels
KELOWNA (CUP) — Okanagan College's student
association has been swamped with complaints from
sfudents who are living in motels because of B.C.'s
severe housing shortage.
"The complaints have ranged from a general lack of
privacy to cases of direct sexual harassment," said student association chair Phil Link. "The motel situation
creates an extreme authoritarian situation where the
tenant has very few rights or legal protection."
B.C.'s motels fall under the Innkeeper Act, giving
the motel':, proprietor the right to eject any person on
the premises who is not a registered guest. Unlike the
provisions of the Landlord/Tenant Act, which covers
most other accommodation, people living in motels
can be evicted without prior notice.
The students' association is campaigning to educate
mmmmmmmmmm&mmzm^&^mmmmm
students about their rights as motel lodgers and is also
trying to pressure the provincial government to amend
the poorly written and obscure innkeepers act.
"The students' association doesn't feel it's acceptable for the students to live under the threat of a one-
hour eviction notice," Link said.
Meanwhile, six Okanagan College students are actually living in their cars.
"Even one student living in their vehicle is too
many," said student association executive member
Stewart Murray.
Vocational student Greg Mantle is one of the
students forced to adopt vehicular living. He described
it as an endless regimen of "freezing to death in the
morning, having to take showers at the recreation centre and brushing your teeth at a gas station." Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 24,1960
'Tween classes
TODAY
TROTSKYIST LEAGUE
Marxist literature/discussion: Fascist terror explodes in Europe. Smaah Hitter's hairat For maaa
workers' action, 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m., SUB
main concourse.
UBC LAW UNION
Vancouver election forum wfth Harry Rankin,
Bruce Eriksen, Mike Harcourt and Stan Persky,
Law building 188.
DEBATING SOCIETY
Important general meeting and election of executive, noon, SUB 21S.
WARQAMINO SOCIETY
General meeting for the election of a naw executive, noon, SUB 212.
SLAVONIC CIRCLE
Bake sale of Slavic specialties, noon, SUB main
floor.
CCCM
Bible study, Themee of liberation, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre lounge.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Several volunteer poeitions are still open for
those interested, all week, noon, SUB 236.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
B.C. human rights officer Janet Sprout apeaka
on sexual haraaament, noon, SUB 130.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Business meeting, noon, SUB 115.
AMNESTY UBC
Film: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, tl admission, noon, SUB auditorium.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
General meeting, noon. International House
lounge.
STUDENT COUNCIL
A meeting for all students who wish to apeak on
tuition fee increases, 3:30 p.m., SUB 260.
ARTS UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
Free showing of the film The Cid with Charlton
Heston, 3:30 p.m., Buch. 108.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
Meet at Lutheran Campus Centre for gym ac-
trvftiea, 2:40 .m.
TGIF happy hour, 4:30 p.m. Lutheran Campua
Centre.
SUS
Bat garden. 4 p.m., SUB 207/209.
ANTH-SOC
UNDERGRADUATE SOCIETY
Lecture and slides: Dsncee of Egypt and North
Africa, Buch. 100, 7:30 p.m.
LATIN AMERICA SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE
Benefit dance for medical aid to El Salvador, featuring Firebird. Donation at door, 8 p.m., International House.
LUTHERAN CAMPUS CENTRE
Oktoberfest, wear a costume if you can, $2, 8
p.m., Lutheran Campua Centre.
NUS
NUS dance: tickets available in AMS box office,
NUS office, and through nursing students. 8:30
p.m. to 12:30 p.m., SUB ballroom.
SATURDAY
INTRAMURALS
Men's three round Buchannan badminton series
(round one), 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., gym A and B.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATION
Matinee: The Victory, 2 p.m., SUB auditorium.
GAY PEOPLE OF UBC
Wine and cheese party. 7:30 to 9:30 p.m., check
in SUB 237b for location.
CVC
CVC gym night, 8:30 to 10:30 p.m.. Winter
Sports Centra.
FRIENDS OF THE ARMADIUO
General meeting in which hats must be worn.
Entertainment will ba provided. 8:30 p.m., SUB
party room.
SUNDAY
INTRAMURALS
Men's three round Buchannan badminton series
(round one), 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., gym A and B.
UBC SPORTS CAR CLUB
Car rally. Driven meet at noon, rally runs for four
hours, rain or shine. Entry fee *4, SUB 211.
MONDAY
HOME ECONOMICS WEEK
Ray Griffin, architect of naw HMEC building,
•peaks, noon, HMEC 100.
WUSC
Film: Tanzania - The World is One, looks at
Tanzanisn socialism, noon, Buch. 206.
UNIVERSITY LECTURES COMMITTEE
Robert Darnton, Princeton history professor, on
The Greet Cat Massacre of the Rue Saint-
Severin, noon, Buch. 202.
Robert Darnton on The Book Trade at the Diffusion of Idess in 18th Century France, 3:30
p.m., Buch. penthouse.
PRE-MED SOCIETY
Guest spesksr on sports medicine, noon, IRC 4.
HISTORICAL DANCE SOCIETY
Renaisssnce dsnes dsss, noon, SUB 113.
BALLET CLUB
Free performance-demonstration by Pscific Bal-
let Theatre, noon, SUB ballroom.
GAY UBC
Spiritual fellowship group meeting, 5:30 p.m.,
Lutheran Campua Centre.
HOME ECONOMICS WEEK
Ray Griffin, architect of new home economics
building, apeaka, noon, HMEC 100.
TUESDAY
HOME ECONOMICS WEEK
Boat races (with milk), noon, SUB plaza.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Meeting, noon, SUB 130.
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS
Third Work) development films: The Guanchiaa
Project (HondurssI, snd Fight for a Shelter (Colombia), noon, library processing 308.
EL CIRCULO
General meeting, noon, Buch. 218.
LSM
Dinner and fourth in Liturgy and Life series, on liturgical arts, 6 p.m. Lutheran Campus Centre.
SPORTS CAR CLUB
General meeting, films, 7:30 p.m. SUB 215.
WEDNESDAY
HOME ECONOMICS WEEK
Pumpkin sale, sweater and T-shirt day, noon,
outside HMEC bldg.
HISTORICAL DANCE SOCIETY
Social history presentstjon, noon, SUB 115.
UBC SOCIAL CREDIT CLUB
General meeting, new members welcome, noon,
SUB 224.
UNIVERSITY HIU ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
Pumpkin sale to aid in the purchass of a computer for the children, 2 to 5 p.m.. University Hill
Elementary School.
CUS
Career days, open to third- and fourth-year atu-
dents for all faculties, 2:30 to 5 p.m., SUB
ballroom.
THURSDAY
TAU
General meeting,  noon,  Grad Centre garden
room.
WOMEN STUDENTS' OFFICE
Panel discussion: Women in medicine, noon,
Buch. 102.
HOME ECONOMICS WEEK
Mini Olympics, noon, SUB plaza.
PRE-MED SOCIETY
Dr. Schwartz speaks on nutrition, noon, IRC-1.
CAMPUS
BICYCLES
Open 7 Days A Week
• Sales • Used Bikes
• Accessories •  Rentals
• Parts and Repairs
IN U.B.C. VILLAGE
5708 University Blvd.
oeauTY
mm
mm.
BKKUSt
edutsaawau
224-0611
Hot
flashes
lost chance
to fight fees
Are you eagerly anticipating a 13
per cent tuition fee increase next
year? Perhaps you'd like to share
the radiance you feel at such a prospect with fellow students.
In what could be your only
chance for any input on the fee hike
issue, students council is holding a
public forum today at 3:30 P.m. in
SUB 260.
Don't take it lying down.
Speaker opens
Home Economics week starts
Monday.
It will open with Ray Griffin, architect of the new Home
Economics building, speaking to
any interested students at noon in
HMEC 100.
PANEL DISCUSSION
"WOMEN IN MEDICINE"
Thursday, October 30, 1980
12:30 - 2:00 p.m.
Buchanan Building Room 102
PANEL PARTICIPANTS N
Heather Manson — President, Student Medical
Society
Dr. Jerilyn Prior — Endocrinologist
Dr. {Catherine Mirhady — Children's Specialist
Dr. Sandi Wttherspoon — Family Practioner
Dr. A. Boggie — Assoc. Dean, Faculty of
Medicine, UBC.
Sponsored by the
Women Students' Office
Enquiries: 228-2415
'Birdwatch       )
The Thunderbird soccer team enters Its last
game of the regular season Saturday needing
a win and a helping hand.
For the 'Birds to end up in first place and
gain the only playoff spot, they must win
against the University of Saskatchewan and
the University of Alberta must knock off the
University of Calgary.
If the 'Birds and Calgary end up tied in
points, Calgary will be the league champion
on the basis of last week's win over UBC.
Although Saskatchewan is in last place in
the Canada West League, 'Bird coach Joe
Johnson is not taking the game lightly.
Johnson says with five starters out he will
have to do a little lineup juggling before the
game and he is hoping that his rookies will
come through for him.
The Saskatchewan game will be played
Saturday, 2 p.m. on the gym field.
The Thunderbird football team will play
host to the University of Saskatchewan Friday
in their last home game of the year.
The injury-riddled 'Birds will be hoping to
recover from last week's thrashing at the
hands of the SFU Clansmen.
The only way the 'Birds will be able to make
the playoffs is if they defeat the Huskies and
also get by the University of Calgary on Oct.
31.
Kickoff is at 7 p.m. in Thunderbird stadium.
The Thunderette field hockey team holds a
commanding lead as they travel to Victoria
this weekend for the third and final tournament in the Canada West playoffs.
Two wins will guarantee a trip to Toronto
for the national playoffs in November.
SUB FILMS presents
October 23-26
Thurs., Sun. 7:00
Fri., Sat. 7:00 & 9:30
SUB Aud
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES: Campus - 3 lines. 1 day $1.60; additional lines, 36c.
Commercial — 3 lines. 1 day $3.30; additional lines
50c. Additional days $3.00 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
, j   advance. Deadline is 11:00 a.m. the day before publication.
PfibUcattons Office, Room241, S.U.8., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2AS
6 — Coming Events
66 — Scandals
The Vancouver Institute
FREE PUBLIC LECTURE
DR. CHARLES SCRIVER
Pediatrics, genetics and biology,
McGill University
YOU AND THE
NEW GENETICS
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25
at 8:15 p.m.
LECTURE HALL No. 2
Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre
UBC SKI CLUB Halloween Party Nov. 1
bus to Whistler. $6 return. Bring booze,
costume, food.
For Great Times . .
Read Vancouver
After Classes . . .
Stop
CLEARANCE
HANG 10 SPORTSWEAR
Zip Front Jackets  NOW $19.99
V-Neck Pullovers  NOW $15.99
Terry Pullovers   NOW $15.99
S/S StripedTops  NOW$13.99
Matching Shorts  NOW$ 7.99
Assorted Colours In Sizes S.M.L.
BUY NOW WHILE QUANTITIES LAST!
The one-of-a-kind on-campus student store.
HOURS Lower Floor — Student Union Bldg.
Monday-Friday 9 a.m.-8 p.m. OOA   1Q11
Saturday 10 a.m.-5 p.m. ZZ*t- IcJ I I
11 — For Sale — Private
TYPING numerous essays, reports? Buy
typing paper, bonded, lettersized, 16
pound. $1.00/100 any lot size. 224-4297.
"76 TOYOTA P.U. with Yukon Canopy, radial
tires, Bosch headlamps. 68,000 m., well
maintained, some rust. $2,400. Ph.
228-9270.
1971 PONTIAC Grndsaf stnwagon, loaded.
Many new parts, v. good condition. $1200.
224-9836. Ask for Scott.
SUNQERLAND DRUM SET. plus hard
cases, 5 pes. and cymbals, hvyduty equip.
$1100. 224-9836. Ask for Scott.
THE CORRUPT Arts Undergrad Society and
the notorious Committee for Medieval
Studies combine to waste students'
money. Free Rim: "The Cid" with Charlton
Heston. Friday, Oct. 24 at 3:30 in Buch 106.
70 — Services
DRY CLEANING - ALTERATIONS: UBC
One Hour Martinizing. 2146 Western
Parkway, 228-9414 (in the Village). Reasonable rates. Student rates.
80 — Tutoring
86 — Typing
15 — Found
20 — Housing
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
HOUSE CLEANING. Gardening. Thorough
and energetic. Please call 325-5859 after
8:30 p.m.
35 — Lost
GOLD TEARDROP PENDANT lost.
Reward. Phone 738-7718.
SMALL GOLD RING, square mauve stone
between Toronto and Westbrook, vicinity
Hearth Sciences. Call 224-6834 Jean.
LADIES SILVER SEIKO QUARTZ WATCH
with name, Krys, and date, 25/1/80,
engraved on back. Krys 533-2202. Reward.
Lost Oct. 9
TYPING SERVICE RICHMOND Spec,
student rates. Dorothy Bygrave, 273-9737/
277-5537.
ESSAYS, theses, manuscripts, including
technical, equational, reports, letters,
resumes. Fast, accurate. Bilingual. Clemy,
26fr«347.
FAST, EFFICIENT TYPING near campus.
266-5053.
EXPERT  TYPING.   Essays, term  papers,
factums   $0.85.   Theses, manuscripts,
letters,  resumes  $0.85+. Fast accurate
typing. 266-7710.
TYPING. $.80 per page. Fast and accurate. Experienced typist. Phone Gordon
873-8032.
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
90 - Wanted
"WANTED: Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of
Commerce Graduate to train as a Legal
Assistant. Minimal typing skills required.
Please reply in writing to P.O. Box 11506,
660 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, B.C.
V6B 4R7. Attention: J. E. Gouge." Friday, October 24,1980
THE    UBYSSEY
'age 3
Exiled Lama wants help, not talk
By JULIE WHEELWRIGHT
The freedom for Buddhists to practice
their religion in Tibet is non-existent, according to the 14th Dalai Lama, the legitimate
spiritual and exiled ruler of Tibet.
The Dalai Lama told reporters at a press
conference Thursday the Chinese are holding
up a few Tibetan monks as examples of
religious tolerance, but the government is
repressive.
In the past few years the Chinese government has admitted their strict policy towards
the Tibetan Buddhists was a mistake, he
said.
"This is publicly admitting their mistake
and I admire their (the Chinese govenment's)
courage. It is very difficult for Chinese to admit mistakes," he added.
But the people of Tibet are still experiencing
'Survey won't
affect media'
From page 1
will do its own unbiased survey," he said.
Soltis expressed doubt the survey approved
by council is unbiased. Neither the media
commission nor student council were allowed
sufficient time to examine it, he said.
Bill Tieleman, Ubyssey news editor, said
the staff of the newspaper had only a glance
at the survey Thursday night before it was approved. "Like several AMS projects in the
recent past, it's another example of putting
the cart before the horse," he said.
The survey will be conducted over the next
few weeks and will ask a stratified sample of
students their views on CITR and The
Ubyssey, along with questions about what
they feel the purpose of campus media
should be and what they would like to see or
hear in the newspaper or on the radio station.
*     *     *
Council approved the $5,800 budget submitted by the AMS women's committee and
directed the budget committee to pass it amid
protests from members of the budget committee that they were being dictated to by
council.
Budget committee chairperson Marlea
Haugen said after the meeting the matter
should not have gone to council. "I don't
think council should be going through every
detail of the women's committee budget,"
she said.
Haugen denied the budget committee had
singled out the women's committee by cutting its budget. "I told the women's committee that we were willing to reconsider the
budget, that we did not disapprove of giving
the women's committee money," she said.
All council members who serve on the
budget committee that were present Thursday voted against the motion approving the
budget.
Four years for
UBC engineers
The gears are in motion to establish a four-
year engineering program at UBC by 1983.
The faculty of applied science approved in
principle the concept of a four-year program
at its Oct. 15 meeting.
Although a recent engineering undergraduate society survey shows that 75 per cent of
engineering students who responded feel the
program will reduce the faculty's quality, the
vote to go ahead was almost unanimous, according to assistant applied sciences dean
Neil Risebrough.
"Students on the whole are still very
doubtful about going to a .four-year program," Risebrough said Thursday.
But he added that once students are aware
"the change is not going to be a harmful one
and will not affect the quality," he believes
they would support the project.
He denied rumors that the faculty is rushing its decision because of proposed four-
year engineering programs at the University
of Victoria and Simon Fraser University.
"That is pure garbage," he said. "The history of us looking at a four-year program
goes back a long, long time, well before UVic
or SFU had an inkling to engineering programs of their own. This is not a panic decision to respond to that threat."
poor living conditions and outside the cities
the people remain, "half-hungry."
"At the moment the inside situation controlled by the Chinese, autonomy doesn't exist," he said. After the failure of the Tibetan
uprising of 1959 against the Chinese the Dalai
Lama fled Tibet and now lives in Northwestern India.
But he said he continues to serve six
million Tibetans. "I feel I can serve much
better from the outside," he said.
The Chinese government has spent a lot of
money building roads for military purposes
into Tibet but has spent little to improve conditions for the people, he said.
He added the Chinese have confiscated
property and "all things are wiped out," in
Tibet. Vast amounts of timber have been
removed from South Eastern Tibet by the
Chinese, he said.
There are still 100,000 Tibetan refugees in
the world, with 4,000 living in nearby
Bhutan, he said. "The problem of Tibet is
not the Dalai Lama's problem. I am only a
monk. But there are six million Tibetan people who suffer."
Now 3,000 refugees must leave Bhutan and
the Indian government is willing to accept
1,500, he said. "We hope more Tibetans can
come to Canada." There are currently 400
Tibetan-Canadians in the country, he added.
Helping the boat people was very worthwhile, but any bureaucratic problems
should be resolved "when stomach full."
"Before taking action for help there is
discussion (among North Americans) about
what a refugee is. When people dying no time
for discussions of (that) nature."
DALAI LAMA . . . urges action
txam
««*i
■:.i^~3k..'*4i£
THREE-FIFTHS of Dionne quintuplets streak across field to rack up
18 points in single play during T-Cup football battle Thursday.
Famous sisters came out of retirement to lead home economics team
to victory in annual charity game. Actual score was 14-12, with nursing team losing in final seconds. End of contest was celebrated by
— aric eggerson/atuart davis photo
engineers and aggies throwing shitfit for muscular distrophy association. Game ended with controversial touchdown play by home ec
squad as clock ran out. Game marked end of nursing week, with
home ec escapades starting Monday.
Early radical fought for Latin women
By HEATHER CONN
She looked like "Queen Victoria in mourning" but her views on women's equality were
considered highly radical' and advanced for
her time.
Such is the image of Maria Abella de Ramirez, one of Uruguay's early feminists, a
Howard University associate professor said
Thursday.
"She defined feminism as a new doctrine
of freedom. For heir, a feminist proclaims
.herself an enemy of all slavery," Asvicion-
Lavrin, editor of Latin American Women:
Historical Perspectives, told 27 people in Buchanan penthouse.
In 1906 Ramirez documented her feminist
priorities — equal pay and equal work conditions for men and women; physical, moral
and social equality for women; no prison
terms for women adulterers'; equality of
children, illegitimate or otherwise, before the
law and np regulation of prostitution.
Lavrin said Uruguay's pioneer feminist resented that prostitutes were subjected to
monthly health inspections, registration,
policing and were taxed in brothels to provide revenue for the state.
Ramirez wanted women to have free control of their bodies on the same level of men,
said Lavrin. But the early feminist faced regressive civil codes and laws, many of which
were left from Spanish colonial days or were
adopted from the "very macho" code of
Napoleon, she added.
"In the 19th century in all existing codes,
women were defined in possession of legal inferiority," said Lavrin. "Civil codes tied
women's hands and everything to their social
situation in which they had no legal personality outside marriage."
But industrialization and growing urbanization in the late 1800s improved women's
plight, said Lavrin. Immigrants came and set
tled in Uruguay, Chile and Argentina, bringing with them socially progressive views of
Europe and North America, she added.
"The people in Latin America at the time
were interested in progress for their nations.
Feminism was equated with progress," she
said.
Sex biases eut ef whack
Insubstantial theories based on assumed biological differences between men and
women are being used to justify the subordinate position of women in society, an
American feminist said Thursday.
Differential treatment of men and women begins at birth and plays such an important
role in determining behavior that biological theories should not be considered in isolation, Marion Lowe, a Boston University professor told 50 people in Buch. 202.
Lowe said that simply looking at human development in terms of the nature versus
nurture argument is incorrect.
"Polar opposites are not the key to look at things," said Lowe, who teaches both
quantum mechanics and women's studies at Boston.
Lowe said that aggression is a badly defiled concept used to describe such things as
rough and tumble play, super sales techniques, or fighting behavior. Biological deter-
minists who say that aggression is a product of natural selection are being too simplistic,
she said. Behavior is the result of complicated interaction between organism and environment.
For example, she said, the idea that women are inherently physically weaker than men
ignores the effects of the environment women live in. Lowe said that with increased emphasis on physical activity, women's sports records are being broken much faster today
than those of men. In some societies, she said, there is very little difference in the
strength of men and women.
Some socio-biologists also say that sex hormones are a behavior determinant, Lowe
said, but added it has been demonstrated that testosterone levels often drop when a person is placed in a subordinate position. Therefore culture may affect biology, she said. Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 24, 1980
Fight crime
Tuition fees will in all likelihood go up next year by 13 per cent —
definitely an unlucky number for those students who already find it almost
impossible to afford a university education.
This is a crime, so let's start looking for a motive. Once again we find
ourselves asking that tough question: Why?
The board of governors has an easy, mechanistic answer. They want
students to pay 10 per cent of the cost of attending university.
But there's something definitely wrong with the percentage. First,
there is a real controversy about whether students are in fact already paying for more than 10 per cent of their education. The board says we're paying an amount that's just under nine per cent of the university's operating
grant, but student board reps, among others, say the operating grant includes items like donations and research which have nothing to do with
our education.
When it comes to the actual cost of operating the university as an
educational institution, they say we're already paying 10.8 per cent and
there's no reason for a fee hike.
Good point, the businessmen on the board answer, but we never really said just 10 per cent, but at least 10 per cent. This is how they go about
winning our trust.
Others argue against this pegging of fees to a percentage of he budget
as being too arbitrary. It's easy to see why. Should the provincial government ever wake up and realize how it is strangling post-secondary institutions, and raise operating grants to where they should be, then tuition fees
will go up right along with them.
Rather than seeing the university caught between a stingy government and impoverished students, we would instead be treated to the spectacle of UBC getting a hefty raise in its grant and then turning around and
asking for another raise from the students. There indeed is an example of
justice for our doctors of philosophy to mull over.
When they are finished with that one, they could start thinking about
the fact that tuition fees have steadily risen for four years now, yet student
aid has remained exactly the same. In some cases, students pay more than
double the rent they did four years ago. They pay almost double what they
used to for food and clothing, and exactly double for public transportation,
which will be costing even more soon.
Yet the government in its wisdom believes students can get by for
eight months on $3,500 now just as well as they could then.
The board let student representatives know about the fee hike two
weeks ago and those representatives asked for the chance to prepare a
report explaining why it shouldn't happen. The board agreed — so long as
the report is in by this Monday so the decision can be made at the very next
meeting.
The Alma Mater Society is having a public meeting today at 3:30 p.m.
to gather information for that report. Betcha didn't hear about it.
The AMS didn't have much time to advertise the meeting. Nor will it
have anywhere near adequate time to prepare a report as comprehensive
as a report on such an important issue should be. The AMS should have
been prepared, should have reacted faster, should have done more with
what time they had.
But that's ignoring the main thing, which is the board should not pull
fast ones on the students when dealing with the fees those students pay.
What's that? Habeas corpus, you say? Where's the corpse, if there's
been a crime? Why, it's you and me.
There are fewer students from lower income groups at UBC than there
were five years ago and that's a fact. Soon there will be fewer from middle
income groups. Eventually, should this crime wave go unchecked, there
will be no one at this university except those that can pay for such frills as
Porsches, 10 metre ketches and post-secondary education.
Get to SUB 260 today at 3:30  Do your part to fight crime.
THE UBYSSEY
October 24,1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS or
the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page
Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
Someone had pulled a Heather Conn in Greg Fjetland and now there was had to pay. BUI Tieleman said he hated to do it, but no one least of all Stuart
Davis, believed him aa he hacked Verne McDonald to death. Janet M«cArthur end Steve McClure wera the next to fall in what can only deecribed as a big mac
attack. But the Campbell dan, Nancy, Charles snd Doug, soon made awift work of the despotic dutchman and aid hia cutting remarks at the feet of his
holineee. Marshall Dahl I. Urns. "Thst'a a bit Thicke, isn't it," remarked Lori, but Julie was Wheelwright when she asid he was a bit of a D. L. Munnstsr The
dark days of tyranny past, the son came out. and even Eric Eggertson snd David Robertson. "No more bums," cried Kerry Regier, and Jennifer Ryan
Lawrence Panyck and Sheffin Sheriff echoed hia populist sentiments. "Twelve pagee on frktay auck," sulked Nigel Rndley and Evan Gal. Only Glen Sanford
mourned the passing of the despot becsuse Jamas wss too Young to understand.
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Poisonous mushrooms are the only solution
Once again the Ubyssey has been
deficient in its public service department. No, I am not referring to the
lack of coverage of undergrad
society cakewalks and mass B.A.'s,
but rather to the editorial titled "A
public service" (The Ubyssey, Oct.
21).
Surely you will agree that the current public interest in the magic
Psilocybes is no more than a fad.
Its day will soon be done; mean
while, we must think of the future.
In a day when sadomasochism is
increasing in popularity, when carcinogenic smoking materials are
more popular (and more legal) than
euphoria-inducing materials, and
when people cheer as ayatollahs in
the Middle East and on American
Sunday-morning television stand up
to call each other Satanic, the up
and coming trend can only be
poisonous mushrooms.
No more tripe writers
Here in B.C. we have a wide
range of deleterious fungi, and a
population which may soon be
yearning to try them out. There is
nothing like severe gastro-intestinal
distress to provide challenge and a
sense of how society can strengthen
itself through facing adversity.
A good meal of Russula emetica
beats nuclear war with the Soviets
any day.
Those who wish to self-flagellate
by casting a vote for one of our
local NPA city councillors should
be gently convinced to try instead
eating Amanita muscaria, which
causes sweating, drooling, nausea,
and hallucinations. Surely this is
better than all Vancouver suffering
the political equivalent.
Those who delight in crawling
through Vancouver's drinking
establishments until they can crawl
no more will find crawling through
fields of toadstools much cheaper,
and just as satisfactory in result.
In the name of public service,
some advice to students: Before you
rush out to get mushrooms suitable
for midterm season, remember that
each poisonous mushroom species
is unique. A good field manual will
allow you to be selective, and get
better results.
University should be a place
where students rid themselves of
comfortable middle-class values,
and this is as good a method as any
for doing so.
R. C. Summerbell
Mycology grad studies 2
This is to inform those who write
their letters to the editor longhand
that The Ubyssey letter typing collective has downed tools and
tripewriters in a wildcat strike.
The collective made its decision
after a member was insulted by the
fascist editor after refusing to type
letters containing sexist content.
The collective has closed ranks in
solidarity with Yvette and will no
longer type letters to the editor.
Though the imperialist editor expects the strike to be resolved by
next week, longhand writers are
warned that since our typesetters
were unionized a couple of generations ago and won't typeset
longhand copy, letters not typewritten on a 70 space line will have to be
held for publication at a later date.
Broaden support and intensify
solidarity with The Ubyssey letter
typing collective in struggle against
editors and sexists!
The Ubyssey letter
typing collective.
I'Vi'St"
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Especially those who type their
letters, triple-spaced, on a 70 space
typewriter line, because these are
the people who are most likely to
see their letters printed sometime
before next Durin's Day eve.
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for our information in the letter and
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity, legality and taste.
Neatness counts.
Arsenal for Kurt
Having had the opportunity to
read Mr. Preinsperger's article in
the Perspectives column entitled "A
logical look at the church cult"
(Sept. 25), I find that he has committed a few small errors in his
argumentation.
As a former UBC student, and as
one who has in the past struggled
with the existence of God, 1 suggest
to Mr. Preinsperger that in order to
better combat the moronic, "self-
abasing" Christians that infest this
world, he arm himself accordingly.
Appropriate action on his part
would include his reading just from
Genesis to Malachi in the old Testament, and from Matthew to Revelation in the New. To better comprehend the absurd Biblical concep
tion of man's innate sin and the
ludicrous notion of man's redemption through a Saviour, he would
do well to read the work of the
simpleton C. S. Lewis, Mere Christianity (Glasgow: Fount Paperbacks) and a piece by Regent College's own J. I. Packer (as dim a
Christian dullard as ever there was),
Knowing God (Downers Grove, Illinois: inter-Varsity Press).
Having committed these works to
his arsenal of vituperation, no professed Christian will be able to
withstand Mr. Preinsperger's
onslaught.
Phil M. George
963 Floral Drive, SE
Grand Rapids, MI
USA 49506 Technology today's art
By GREG FJETLAND
There is a tendency on this campus and
others across the country to pigeonhole students into one of a few classifications, mainly
arts, sciences or engineering. What becomes
obvious upon consideration is that art and
science are two disciplines that are not polar
opposites but instead are increasingly overlapping. Technology is the application of the
tools of science in much the same way a
sculptor applies his chisel to the rock. Indeed
the Greek semantic root of technology,
techne, means the artist and his craft, and
so in this regard an engineer who employs
science is just as properly called a
technologist or an artist. At the same time
some artists are just as properly recognized
as engineers and scientists. All fields of
knowledge overlap and in our singular pusuit
of one we may ignore this fact; but now and
even more so in the future we are going to
see the artist-engineer.
The origins of the artist-engineer are rooted in antiquity. A relatively early and well-
known figure in this field is Leonardo Da Vinci. His talents ranged from the analysis of anatomy to the design of helicopters, field guns
and kinetic theatres to painting, sculpture and philosophy. In a time and society
virtually without technology Da Vinci was
forced to invent that which he needed to pursue his art. For example he pursued the
science of bronze casting. Da Vinci was a
man of science but he was just as equally an
artist.
BICYCLE    WHEEL    .
reconstructed  1960  by  Per
Ulrvedt and Ulf Linde.
Olof
During the Industrial Revolution, humanity's first massive taste of machinery, there
was a public backlash against the metal oppressors. The Luddite movement was one
such result and the art of the time naturally
reflected the public mood. Artist William
Morris said "as a condition of life, production
by machinery is evil." And the movement
known as Art Nouveau that was to become
so popular was equally at odds with the
machine age. But the 20th century was going
to change all that. A new art esthetic was
afoot.
The cubists. The Italian futurists. The Russian constructivists. The dadaists. These
were the European art groups that started it
all. The cubists broke things down into their
constituent geometrical forms, placing an
emphasis on volume. It was a new approach
and revolutionary, but for the Italian futurists
it did not go far enough. They saw a world
transformed by science. "Art must align itself with the magnificent radiance of the future," said the futurists. Their paintings, like
Speeding Automobile (1901) by Boccioni
were full of color and the imagined movement of their beloved machines. Still, the
futurists restricted themselves to painting
and it took the dadaists to move boldly into
employing machines in their sculptures. Marcel Duchamp, premier among their ranks,
discovered ready-made works of art. He discovered a bottle carrier, a bicycle wheel
mounted on a stool, a typewriter cover and a
urinal. The last piece which he titled Drinking
Fountain was banned by the French authorities from public display.
On a grander scale of employing science
and industry the German Dada artist Kurt
Schwitters drew plans for a total theatre that
would employ gaseous, liquid and solid surfaces that would totally surround the audience. Similar to and aligned with the dadaists, the Russian constructivists were determined to use art and the new technology together to rebuild the Russian political and
social order. The artist-architect Vladimir
Tatlin designed a huge construction taller
than the Eiffel tower and replete with rotating
glass offices. It was called Monument to the
Third International (1920) and was to honor
the Bolshevik revolution. The constructivist
esthetic was devoted to the use of new materials and new forms. Naum Gabo constructed Kinetic Sculpture: Standing Wave
(1920), a metal rod vibrated by a motor. For
1920 this was definitely new art.
In the thirties science and art were fast approaching one another. The quintessential
artist-engineer Buckminster Fuller was designing his own unique creations and the Italian Ettore Bugatti was designing his astounding automobiles. Light was recognized as a
viable artistic medium and to this end constructivist Moholy-Nagy created his Light
Prop for an Electric Stage (1990), a complex
bit of machinery that cast "light constructions." Nazi Alfred Speer for the 1934 Nuremberg rally employed over 130 anti-aircraft
searchlights for "luminescent architecture"
25,000 feet up into the sky. Sound too was
being explored using the new eiectroacoustic
medium science afforded. The French had
established Musique Concrete, recording
sound "objects" found on the city streets.
Prior to World War II tape recorders were
huge affairs. The magnetic tape was of steel
in huge reels four feet in diameter that ran
through the heads at 60 or so inches a second. The operators always stood well back in
case one of the tape splices broke. Now, because of the new technology new musical
genres were being created.
All artistic mediums were affected by the
technological advances. The arts of photography and motion films were created. Dance
too was utilizing the new technology. Variations V (1961) choreographed by Merce Cun-
Techno-man
chose to work in. It was inexpensive, readily
available and in any number of forms. The
creations were, to say the least, imaginative
and effective. Otto Piene fashioned huge
floating inflated polyethylene tubes some
1,800 feet in length that he attached to the
tops of skyscrapers. American artist Cristo
created his justly famous Running Fence
Series, 24 miles of white plastic fence that
ran across the northern Californian landscape. This past spring Cristo draped the
Washington Square monument in New York
City in white plastic sheets that were later
sold at $25 each in a fund-raising benefit.
Robert Breer created oddly shaped motorized styrafoam blocks that crept around loose
outside, if they bumped into something they
backed off and continued in another direction. Polish Gustav Metzger sprayed concentrated hydrochloric acid onto nylon
sheets which corroded immediately on contact.
OTTO PIENE . . . City scape, 1970, inflated polyethylene tubes over Pittsburgh.
ningham was a multi-media dance piece that
used music film and antennae arranged
about the dance floor. The antennae were
sensitive to the dancer's presence and generated electronic sounds when they were approached. Sculptures were created in difficult mediums using new techniques.
Dynamite (1965) by Kowalski used controlled underwater explosions to shape stainless
steel shapes.
Indeed all art genres utilized scientific advances even as they were hardly out of the
laboratory. Lasers were discovered only in
1960 but by 1962 plans were already in progress to use them in works of art. Holograms
are one such result of investigations such as
these.
Plastics was one medium many artists
The advent of the computer was of course
an artistic revolution. Computer music, computer graphics, computer films. One computer-generated animated film showed what
would happen if one drove down a road at
the speed of light. As the speed of light was
neared the street lights appeared to bend
over into the middle of the road. One ingenious creation by Nicholas Negroponte and
associates utilized a computer, gerbils and
aluminum blocks in a work called Seek
(1970). As the gerbils pushed the blocks
around in their cage into little shelters the
computer "read" their behavior and directed
a mechanical arm to restack the blocks into
constructions to better serve the gerbils.
The technological revolution has changed
Turn to PF 3 "    @fei? CD®
i j : 7i t ;, IH
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Page Friday 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 24,1980 [science]
Techno art here to stay
From PF 1
as well the way artists approach art. Andy
Warhol in the '60s started The Factory in
New York. "I want to be a machine," said
Warhol. He would take a picture from a
newspaper to the silkscreeners where it
would be photomechanically reproduced.
His assistants would then turn out the prints.
Warhol would not even touch the product
"he" made. It was assembly line art.
Not all artists embrace the new technology. 'Technology is the excuse of the art
business," complains Vancouver artist
Susan Berganzi. But a quick tour of the Emily
Carr Art School shows where the students'
affinities lie. Their work is slick and profes
sional and uses any and all of the modern
materials available. But a return to the old
ways is not desirable or even possible. Even
the paints available today to a painter bear little resemblance to their predecessors. The
development of quick drying synthetic paints
has changed even the way paint is applied to
the canvas. Technology in art is here to stay.
So it all becomes rather problematic where
to draw the line between art and science. A
geologist takes a thin section of rock, passes
polarized light through it, takes a picture and
pins this to the wall. Is this art? Is the geologist an artist? Ifs a creation so perhaps he is.
In the same sense engineers are artists too.
Science is the art of the twentieth century.
Genetic story told
By NIGEL FINDLEY
Imagine, if you will:
A vat filled with billions upon billions of
bacteria, E. coli, to be exact, pouring out
huge quantities of human insulin or interferon.
A strain of bacteria that can digest and
break down an oil slick.
A strain of wheat that produces two
harvests a year, and needs no nitrate fertilizer
since it fixes free nitrogen from the atmosphere.
Science fiction, maybe?
No. These are but three of the
achievements of modem genetics.
The science of genetics, the study of the
mechanism of inheritance, has had a relatively slow start, compared with other fields of
inquiry such as chemistry or physics. For all
intents and purposes it was initiated in the
second half of the nineteenth century by an
Austrian monk, Gregor Mendel, who experimented with crossing different strains of
pea plants. He concluded that characteristics
were inherited through "factors" which
followed certain set rules. In the early twentieth century it was discovered that the
chromosomes in the nucleus of the cell are
composed of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA),
and that they follow the rules laid down by
Mendel for "factors." It was not until 1944,
however, that the obvious conclusion was
proven to be true: that DNA is the hereditary
message carrier.
In 1953, Watson and Crick elucidated the
structure of the DNA molecule, and this
marked the beginning of the modern science
of genetics. Even so, it was not until after
1957 that much progress was made in breaking the so-called "genetic code." Once the
code was broken, work could be done on actually "rewriting" the messages in DNA. This
work has been going on for less than a
decade.
How, it is often asked, will knowledge of
genetics, something that at first glance
seems to be almost pure, abstract science,
help us?
Before this question can be answered, it is
necessary that the fundamental importance
of the DNA code to all forms of life on this
planet be understood. It is the genetic
message carried by our DNA that makes us
what we are: tall, short, light-skinned, dark-
skinned, blue-eyed, brown-eyed...All this is
encoded in our DNA. Even more fundamentally, it is the message written in our DNA
that makes us all human, not for example,
chimpanzees or even elm trees.
For all the different forms of life on this
planet the genetic code is the same. All
forms of life, from the lowly bacteria to us,
speak the same genetic language. It is only
the content of the message, not its form,
that distinguishes us from the E. coli
bacterium.
The versatility of this language can now be
seen, and its importance guessed at. It is its
versatility that has made evolution possible,
allowed minor changes in the DNA to cause
major changes in the organism as a whole.
Examples of these changes are easy to find.
The one that first comes to my mind is: the
only difference on the gross genetic level between a puma and a house cat is that a tiny
length of DNA has been cut out of one
chromosome, turned end for end, and spliced back in. This tiny difference, a relatively
small inversion, radically alters the surface
appearances of the two animals.
The great benefits of genetic engineering
are   reason   enough   to   continue  genetic
research. And there are many potential
benefits that hit close to home.
Certain types of cancer, present theories
state, come about through malfunctions in
the genetic systems of certain ceils. If the
specific nature of these malfunctions can be
discovered, by genetic research, it seems
likely that cures and even methods of prevention can be developed.
Many other afflictions apart from cancer
are genetically determined, including such
things as cystic fibrosis, Huntington's
chorea, diabetes, certain forms of
schizophrenia and certain forms of epilepsy.
Research into the genetic bases of these and
other conditions could lead to cures or
preventative treatments.
What about cloning?
Cloning is what most people think of first
when they hear the word "genetics." Certainly cloning, the growth of an individual
creature genetically identical (note the word
"genetically") to another, has been achieved
successfully, but it is not, as many people
think, the be-all and end-all of genetics. It is
hardly more than a scientific curiosity, the
by-product of experiments in how the
nucleus controls the rest of the cell. It is certainly not a technique that allows the creation of a number of identical Adolf Hitlers
from a preserved sample of the Fuhrer. If
such a sample existed, the cloning could be
performed, but the chances of any of the
results, thirty years later, becoming a perfect
copy of the original Hitler are infinitesimal.
(To convince yourself of this, consider identical twins. Identical, or monozygotic, twins
are perfect duplicates at the genetic level,
but as times goes on, are modified by outside
influences until they differ greatly. By age
thirty, identical twins are very rarely more
alike than non-identical siblings.)
The science of genetics, though it had a
slow start, has made great leaps over the
past two decades. While other branches of
science are pushing back frontiers at the
edge of known space, or in the sunless depths of the sea, geneticists are pushing back
the internal frontier, banishing the shadows
that conceal the basis of what makes us what
we are.
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Friday, October 24,1980
THE    UBYSSEY
Page Friday 3 \drama-music\
Canadian theatre still in diapers
By EVAN GILL
Anyone who follows theetre in
Canada should be aware of Clare
Coulter. Apart from extensive work
in Toronto, she has performed in
Montreal and Vancouver. Her role
as Emily Dickinson in The Belle of
Amherst, now running at the
Waterfront Theatre, marks her third
appearance on the Vancouver
stage.
Previously Vancouver audiences
saw her in Passe Muraille's Farm
Show and Michel Tremblay's
Damnee Manon, Sacree Sandra.
Last week Page Friday's Evan Gill
spoke with Coulter about the performing arts in Canada, Tremblay,
and her present show.
Page Friday: Canadian theatres
do not seem to promote the star
system.
Coulter: All that is changing
enormously. That is, a great deal of
billing policy is set by dialogue between agents and theatre management. Agents get their ideas from
how it is done in the States or from
where the theatre has been highly
developed and star systems do exist.
Star systems don't exist here, in
my opinion, because the theatre
isn't highly developed. It is in an
early stage of development. That's
why, for instance, I resist the word
"starring". Not that I have any less
respect for the work I do compared
to those with star billing. But I think
that we are privileged to be working
in an early development stage of
the theetre. There are all sorts of
advantages. When you get into the
more highly developed stages those
things disappeer. It's like youth.
You don't want it to pass by before
you have had it.
The Tarragon Theatre has had a
policy for a long time of listing the
names of the players in alphabetical
order. I like that very much; I think
that information should be given
about the people performing.
PF: I am most familiar with the
work    you    have   done   with
Tremblay's plays. How do you feel
about his work?
Coulter: I love it. At one point
I felt so attached to it that I thought
it was my special thing to be given
Tremblay parts to play. It's not that
I am more specially suited to play it
than anybody else, or that
Tremblay is more suited to my
talents than any other playwright. I
am very sympathetic with a lot of
his characters.
PF: It seems that Vancouver
receives Tremblay better than
Toronto.
Coulter: Yes, that is a very interesting thing. Damnee Manon
was not well received in Toronto.
Most of the critics didn't treat
Tremblay with — I shouldn't say
respect — but... For instance, a
playwright in England or New York
— a well known playwright who
has turned out many plays over the
years — produces a new play. It is
treated as a major event. That new
one is compared to his older work
and its significance is discussed.
PF: What about Tremblay's
French audience?
Coulter: I think that the fact
they were written for Quebec is an
important fact. I never thought
about it seriously until lately. I saw,
for the time, a production of Impromptu at Outremont in Montreal
in French. I saw the enormous difference between what we are able
to present to an audience in English
and what a French group is able to
present to a French audience. The
experience is a much richer one in
French.
What Tremblay is criticized for by
the English is the lack of a whole
evening, a whole play. I have heard
people say that it is not a real play.
That it is just snippets of character
extravagantly described. Some say
that he has just got an idea in his
head and is going on and on about
it.
The thing that is missing in an
English production is the thing that
is present in a French evening of
Tremblay. The situation he is talking about is one which is of first importance to the French audience.
There is already a dramatic event in
their minds. It is as though we were
going to do a play about something
we were politically or socially involved with to the point that the
issue was already one that
fascinated us.
Simply talking about it on stage
already achieves, for the French, a
dramatic evening.
PF: What about the large
number of one person shows
around today?
Coulter: There's not one
thing about the one person show;
there are many aspects to it. To
take the lowest one in artistic
terms, there's the financial aspect,
if the show goes over well, and if
the performer isn't outrageously expensive for the theatre to engage,
it's cheaper.
But there are other aspects of
value, otherwise they wouldn't be
so enormously popular, i think, by
far, the most arresting thing about
an evening like that is that you are
watching one person have the
courage to get up or, the stage and
face the audience. Personally,
when I go to see a one person play I
find it fascinating to look at the
character of the performer and the
character that he is putting across.
In an ordinary play if you can see
the actor's personality is not
something that you are particularly
attracted to, but see that he is doing a good job in the character and
the play, you can admire him and
even take some pleasure in him.
But if he is the only one up there, I
find it very difficult to sit through
when I don't like the personality.
No matter how good a job he is doing.
PF: Did you research Emily
Dickinson for The Bell of Amherst?
Coulter: I researched an enormous amount. I find that I have to
pull myself out of a much richer,
richer world of information and
detail given to me in the biography.
COULTER
star systems don't exist in Canada.
I have to pull myself out of that into
the more specific little parts of that
life which are given in the play.
All the reading that I do: her letters, her poetry, it all adds up. It's a
back-up to my imagination when
I'm performing the text.
Ali the way through the run I'll be
reading bits and pieces during the
day. Then, when I come to play the
well worn words, the well trodden
paths, it won't seem at all boring to
me.   As   I   am  journeying   along
through the text,'whenever I feel
bored, I just lift my mind up to
some fact that I read that afternoon. I play a double note as my
mind imagines the things that I've
read. They feed into the lines that
I'm saying and keep me alive and interested.
PF: So you play for yourself as
well as the audience?
Coulter: If I didn't play for myself, I couldn't interest the audience.
Emily
revealed
By D. L. MUNN
December 10 will mark the 150th
anniversary of the birth of Emily
Dickinson. In recognition of this occasion, the Westcoast Actors at the
Waterfront Theatre are presenting
William Luce's The Belle of Amherst, a one-woman show starring
Clare Coulter.
The play is based on a life that
participated in few actual events.
Born in Amherst, Mass. in 1830,
Emily attended Mount Holyoke
Seminary at age 17 and made visits
to Washington, Philadelphia and
Boston, but at age 30 she became a
recluse in her father's home and remained there until her death in
1886. Great external events did not
matter to Emily, however. Hers was
a life of the mind, an inward journey
into the heart and soul. From the
simplicity surrounding her, the family, the garden and glimpses of
neighbors passing by outside, she
extracted a special essence of life
and wove it into poetry. She discovered the magic of words.
Only seven of Emily's poems
were published during her lifetime.
After her sister's death, Lavinia,
following Emily's orders, burned
Emily's papers but on discovering
the 1,775 poems, neatly tied in
bundles, Lavinia kept them, published them and Emily Dickinson
became known to the world.
Biographers and literary critics
have tried persistently to discover
the real Emily. The Waterfront Theatre production comes as close as
one can hope. The set is a collection of 19th century bric-a-brac with
one window hanging against a solid
black background, giving one the
sense of suspension in time. Clare
Coulter as Emily, a woman who seldom received guests, invites the audience in for a brief but revealing
glimpse. She shares her recipes,
poems and anecdotes. We are
made aware of Emily's unrequited
loves, her stern, subtly compassionate father and her obsessions.
Best of all. Coulter captures Emily's streak of impishness — the
young schoolgirl who teased the
boys and learned to love Shakespeare more than Jesus.
In most respects Dickinson was a
traditional New Englander but the
strict Puritan faith failed her. She
would not be stifled by a blind
moral code that ignored real life.
Paradoxically, Emily locked herself
away. Her poetry allowed her to explore the whole universe. She searched for that mystical bond with
nature that Emerson and the trans-
cendentalists introduced but she
was also able to wonder about the
possibility of nothingness beyond
the cold silent grave.
The North American public has
an insatiable curiosity for the facts
about an author's life. We will not
accept an author's work at face
value. William Luce's play caters to
this need and although I believe
that it is the actual poems we
should turn to, I cannot dismiss this
production. Clare Coulter does so
much to bring the elusive Emily to
life.
Tangling with Pentangle
By STEVE McCLURE
Is there anything more beautiful
in this world than the sweet pure
sound of Jacqui McShee's
crystalline voice?
McShee and guitarist John Renbourn were two of the five points in
the shining star that was Pentangle,
perhaps the best group to come out
of the English folk-rock revival of
Renbourn's valuable guitar which
had been lost in transit.
Renbourn appeared to be in good
humor, but his guitar playing which
was often hurried and imprecise
made it clear that he was not in top
form. A medieval instrument piece
called The English Dance was
rather sloppily done and could have
of problems with the pipes,
however, and it was only until he
was well into the second piece that
he was able to stop the pipes from
slithering out of tune.
As for McShee, her singing was
of,a consistently high quality, as
wonderful and powerful as on the
classic Pentangle albums.
ROBERTS . . . McShee and Renbourn, Sunday's concert not their best.
the late '60's. Sunday night found
them at the Queen E. Playhouse
along with Tony Roberts on flute
and pipes.
Unfortunately the concert was
not one of the trio's better efforts
as most of Sunday had apparently
been    spent   trying   to   find
been handled more successfully in a
relaxed manner.
Roberts was proficient enough
on flute, but his big moment came
when he pulled out his Northumbrian pipes and produced the
strangest sounds from this obscure
instrument. Roberts had his share
Hearing her voice was definitely
the high point of the evening
although just as many people had
come to hear Renbourn. Despite his
initial difficulties he too managed to
turn in a good performance, excelling especially on a suite of Irish
tunes with Roberts.
Page Friday 4
THE    U BYSS EY
Friday, October 24,1980 drama\
Red Devil fails to deliver hei If ire
DONAT and D'AQUILA . . . she's no du Bois.
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685-6828
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THE
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CHRISTOPHER GEORGE  •  Samantha Eggar
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"Chine la Near"
By CHARLES CAMPBELL
Tennessee Williams is a
great playwright. Thus it is
with regret that one must say
his latest play. The Red
Devil Battery Sign is not a
great play.
One might optimistically
say that it is a flawed work by
a young playwright who
shows great promise. But
that is not so.
"I never delude myself
about growing as a writer,"
Williams says. "I'm conscious of time passing and
energy subsiding. From 1940
to 1961 were my peak
years."
The Red Devil Battery
Sign bears him out. It is a
flawed work by a playwright
20 years into his decline.
The Red Devil Battery Sign
At the Playhouse Theatre
Directed by Roger Hodgman
The work, currently being performed at the Playhouse, follows
the romance of King, played by
Richard Donat, and Woman Downtown, played by Diane A'quila.
As their involvement progresses
we learn that Woman Downtown is
a senator's wife who has been
crushed by the completely inhuman
lifestyle which that requires. She
had been committed to a psychiat-
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ric institution and was liberated only by the good work of her off-stage
ally — a judge.
Woman Downtown came to the
Yellow Rose Hotel for rest and recuperation, but with the exception
of King, finds only more agents of
The Red Devil Battery Co.
King is a Hispanic mariachi player
whose career was destroyed after
an incapacitating operation to remove a brain tumor. He now lives
supported only by dreams of his
past and the income of his wife — a
cleaning lady. He is awkward but he
is the only human in the Yellow
Rose Hotel and so by default becomes the relieving light in Woman
Downtown's tortured life.  ,
Woman Downtown engages in
a futile effort to escape her past
through her relationship with King.
She refuses to tell him about her
past, refuses him even a name, and
then realizing that it is futile, she reveals everything to him in a frenzy.
She has some secret information
that she must get to Washington
with the aid of her friend the judge.
She tells him abqut the virtual
prison camp where she lived with
the guards who laughed menacingly and said Hiya Hiya Hiyal She tells
him that he cannot leave to catch
the last bus home to his wife.
King talks about the past, about
his mariachi band that played in all
the big hotels singing L'amour,
I'amour, l'amour with his daughter.
He plans to do it all again soon. He
will bring his daughter back from
Chicago. He tells the mariachi players in the cocktail lounge. He drops
his beer, he trips, he has stabbing
pains in his forehead.
He goes back to his wife on some
nights. She finds out about his affair. His pregnant daughter comes
back from Chicago with plans of
marriage. The mariachi band gets a
new drummer.
Woman Downtown finds out
that the judge has been shot.
And in the background the Hispanic gangs are heard howling and
fighting like wolves.
The cause of all the anguish is the
ill-defined Red Devil Battery Co. It
is a symbol for corporate/military/-
industrial America and is represented in the play only by cliches and
tacky metaphors: the leering conventioneers who sit in the cocktail
lounge; the unfeeling, unspeaking
PACIFIC CINEMATHEQUE
MASTERWORKS OF THE CINEMA
Marco Bellocchio's
CHINA IS NEAR
(Italy 1987)
Sun., Oct. 26, 2:00 Matinee
Varsity Theatre, 4375 W. 10th
Information: 732-6119
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Blonde Crew Cut who is supposed
to watch and protect Woman
Downtown through his dark
glasses; the harsh red light from
The Red Devil Battery Sign that
flashes through the window of the
penthouse where King and Woman
Downtown make love.
The ' audience never explicitly
sees the process that leads to the
character's despair. We are told rather than shown that the Red Devil
Battery is to blame. As one observer said, "it was like Cat on a
Hot Tin Roof without Big Daddy."
The result is that we don't sympathize with the characters in the way
that we should. Woman Downtown's hysterics become simple
histrionics.
This disbelief is compounded by
problems with the acting. The play
includes many long passionate
passages that are followed by sudden reversions to sane normal
speech. Diane A'quila is not able to
carry them all without slipping. And
Vancouver actor Richard Donat's
affected Spanish accent sometimes
makes his speech unintelligible as
well as unbelievable.
Acting flaws aside, the characterization shows flashes of William's
old brilliance. But in The Red Devil
Battery Sign, the most political of
Williams' plays, we need more than
that. We should have two well-defined irreconcilable elements — the
social force of the Red Devil Battery, and the individual humanity of
King and Woman Downtown. Williams is right when he says he has
,trouble with form. He should have
written a tragedy and instead he
wrote a melodrama.
Though the political vision of the
play may be valid, in Williams' self-
consuming desire to communicate
it to us he has lost sight of the careful shaping of form that must go
with the righteous passion that we
find in King and Woman Downtown. So do yourself a favor, the
next time you have a chance, go
, and see A Streetcar Named Desire.
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Friday, October 24,1980
THE    UBYSSEY
Page Friday 5 drama
Stella and Shaw on North Van stage
By JULIE WHEELWRIGHT
Hidden from public view a
40-year relationship developed between welMchown British vegetarian and playwright, George Bernard
Shaw, and his first ERza, Stella
Campbell.
Dear Liar, presented by Vancouver Little Theatre openedTuesday
night at presentation House, explores this relationship, discovered
through the couple's correspondence. ThejTesult is an interesting
and workable portrait of the personal friendship between these artists, written by Jerome Kilty.
Dear Liar
Directed by Robin Richardson
Playing at Presentation House
to Nov. 1
Mrs. Patrick Campbell, known to
Shaw as Stella reigned over the
London stage for 10 years, playing
the first Eliza in Shaw's Pygmalion
at the age of 49. Though Stella
once implored Shaw to write about
anything "but not about us," he
confessed late in their lives that he
always wrote his leading female
characters modelled after her.
Despite a few slips, both Wayne
Hubbs (Shaw) and Mary Anne
MacNeill (Stella) gave good performances that conveyed the
warmth and frustration that marked
their long relationship.
Stella and Shaw fought often.
"All I ask is to have my own way in
everything," Shaw once said to
Stella after one of these quarrels.
Shaw was not a modest man, nor
was he easy to befriend.
Though Shaw and Stella never
consummated their relationship, for
the better part of the 40 years they
were friends, both were married.
This was another frustration their
relationship provoked.
"I must, it seems . . . murder
myself or murder Charlotte," said
Shaw about his relationship with
Stella. Mrs. Campbell was married
to her first husband for 16 years until his death in the Boer War. Her
second husband George Cornwallis
West she married at the age of 49
and he deserted her after returning
from fighting in Antwerp during the
First World War.
Theirs was also a business relationship though Pygmalion was
the only play of Shaw's that Stella
starred in, turning down his other
offers. Stella was a smashing success as Eliza in 1914 but after the
war broke out theatres in London
closed. Stella went to the U.S. with
Pygmalion and Shaw joined the
New Statesman, an independent
socialist journal.
Pygmalion did not fare well in the
U.S. and Stella wrote to Shaw
complaining that the press only
seemed interested in learning how
to pronounce the play's name.
Meanwhile Shaw lectured about
the war in London and on hearing
of the death of Stella's son Bijou he
replied, "I cannot be sympathetic, it
just makes me furious."
At this time Shaw regarded his
plays as part of an era when he
"sowed his wild oats," and he
returned "to politics and religion,
they give me an enormous
headache but my soul
satisfaction."
With the Armistice came a new
era and one, in Shaw's words,
that "left Stella behind." This era
also introduced the second act of
the play, both actors making the
transformation to a portrayal of old
age.
a poor girl becomes famous,
^"MbyALANMOYLE
, JACOB BRACKMAN   ~~
(MATURE)        WARNING:
Frequent coarse language; occasional nudity. —B.C. Director.
VOGUE
918  GRANVILLE
685-5434
Showtimes: 3:00 5:25 7:30 9:35
In 1921 they argued about what
was to .be done with the correspondence each had kept over
the years. Shaw, fearing a public
scandal, urged Stella not to publish
their letters. She did and the critics
responded by claiming Stella had
shown the world a human Shaw.
Just before the depression Stella
began to have financial difficulties
and was reduced to giving lectures
on dictation and drama in her London home.
Stella had trouble getting parts
and went to Hollywood to try her
luck. She didn't fit into the Beverly
Hills social set after her years in
London and committed such faux
pas as asking Joan Crawford what
she did for a living. In 16 months
she got three weeks of work but
she remarked the "urge won't be silenced yet."
She insisted on carrying her
Pekinese everywhere with her and
one day, en route to the studio in a
cab. Moonbeam her canine companion, committed a very dog-like
act. Stella paid the driver looking
him straight in the face as he noticed the puddle and said, "I did it."
Stella moved to Italy, then to
France and died there in 1939 of a
sudden illness, ending one of
Shaw's most intimate relationships.
The story of their lives is interesting and the play well done. In
this era of paltry comedy and cheap
dramas Dear Liar is worth the drive
to North Vancouver.
Peruvian
midgets.
Yes, these fidgety little
rascals are terrified when
they see the size of our
monstrous burgers. 15 classic
burgers. And other great
stuff. 2966 W. 4th Ave. by
Bayswater. Open daily
from 11:30a.m. Opening soon
in Lima. (Una mcnlira
muy GRANDE).
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1   THE HOT AIR SHOW   1
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2053 W. 41st Ave. (Near Arbutus)
263-0878
 Closed Wednesday
Page Friday 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 24,1980 The UBC Ballet Club brings
Pacific Ballet Theatre to SUB
Ballroom Monday, Oct. 27 at 12:30
for a free demonstration performance. The company will present
an introduction to ballet and a
sneak preview of works prepared
for their season opening shows at
the North Vancouver Centennial
Theatre Oct. 29 and 30. Advance
tickets for the North Van shows are
on sale at VTC outlets.
Terminal City Dance is at the
Western Front Lodge this
weekend, Friday to Sunday at 8:30.
Paula Ross Dancers are giving
performances at their studio on
Broadway every night except Sunday until November 1.
Langara's studio 58 is presenting
Just Between Ourselves, a new
play by Alan Ayckbourn from Nov.
4 to 15. This comedy treats those
wacky perennial human concerns,
the inability to communicate and
spiritual and mental collapse.
Children's troubador RAFFI will
be entertaining younger people
with his own special brand of music
Nov. 18 to 21 at the Ridge Theatre
and Nov. 22 and 23 at the Vancouver East Cultural Centre. Phone
for show times.
The Weaver institute on Granville
Island will be presenting a series of
lectures entitled Interpretation:
Psychoanalysis, Art and
Literature Thursday nights starting
Nov. 6. Cost is $100 for the series of
six lectures.
The music of Bach, Handel,
Vivaldi, and Vaughan-Williams will
be featured at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre on Sunday, Oct. 26.
Tenor Bruce Pullan, considered by
the present Vista writer to be one of
the finest oratorio singers
anywhere, will appear with a
chamber ensemble in a program of
instrumental and vocal works. The
program will be played twice, at 2
Brilliant Bartok by VSO
By KERRY REGIER
Bartok's Concerto for Orchestra
was played with virtuostic precision
by the Vancouver Symphony under
the direction of guest conductor
John Nelson on Tuesday night.
Bartok's music is exactly what its
title implies, in that every section of
the orchestra has a rich solo part
and everyone must be in top form
to pull the work off. So here was
the orchestra's big chance to show
us what they could do, and they
succeeded.
The only drawback was the guest
conductor John Nelson, who had
no apparent conception of what he
wanted to do, other than make the
jokes in the music really funny. But
when it came to anything more
delicate. Nelson's direction collapsed.
A simple example was in the second movement, which contains a
chorale-like tune for brass with a
drum tapping out an insistent
rhythm beneath. The drum's
rhythm should be clearly audible,
but in this case Nelson did not allow
it to be more than a soft shapeless
bumping which might not even be
noticed if the listener were not looking for it.
Despite Nelson, the Concerto
rests on the abilities of the orchestra, and here they shone.
Preceding the Bartok was the
Wieniawsky Second Violin Concerto, with Stephen Staryk as soloist.
The violinist played impeccably,
and the orchestra played in exemplary fashion as well, but
Wieniawsk/s music was the problem here.
Like Paganini's music, this concerto was written by a violinist for
his own use, to show off just how
complex his arabesques of techni
que could get. So what? Running a
four-minute mile is terrific to do
too, but how boring to watchl Driving technique to the limits of
human possibility is a fine personal
achievement, but after that comes
the choice of what to do with
technique, something that far too
many "virtuosos" overtook.
The concert started with the
Tragic Overture of Brahms, which,
while well played by the orchestra,
was merely boring with Nelson's
bland, directionless conducting.
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p.m. and 8:30. Call the Cultural
Centre for details and ticket reservations.
Opening next week, on Nov. 2,
The Look of Music is the largest
collection of historical musical instruments ever. It will be held at the
Planetarium and Museum complex,
and will feature demonstrations of
old instruments and instrumerft
making by prominent local and imported artists and artisans.
The Hart Brothers, Chuck and
Michael,   will   bring   stories   and
musical characterizations with
guitars and mandolin to the Theatre
Acoustics at 8 p.m. on Sunday,
Oct. 26. Munchies are available,
and admission to the concert is $3.
The theatre is located at 4607 W.
10th.
Sculpture by B.C. artist'Liz
Magor will open at the Vancouver
Art Gallery on Oct. 25, a Saturday.
Says Magor about her art: "I am
always looking for comfort in a
world disturbingly subject to
change."
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THE   UBYSSEY
Page Friday 7 Page 12
THE    UBYSSEY
Friday, October 24,1980
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