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The Ubyssey Sep 12, 1972

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Array '"''''•// "■-,
Hard-times paper hosts bash
The Ubyssey is the campus newspaper.
Once, not too long ago, it was the pinnacle of
Canadian university journalism, but lately it
has fallen on hard times, and socially-
concerned but otherwise well-meaning editors,
Jan O'Brien and John Andersen, are faced with
the arduous task of resurrecting the dormant
paper, phoenix-like from the ashes of the past.
It won't be easy, but it can be done — with
YOUR help.
Yes, you, UBC student, though your
previous journalism experience may be as
limited as Ldrne Parton's.
They're actually quite nice people working
on the Ubyssey, now that previous long-haired
freaks like Paul Knox and Leslie Plommer
have been weeded out in a summer purge, but
they desperately need more staff to return the
paper to its once-lofty journalistic heights.
And, to entice you into its clutches, the
skeleton Ubyssey crew is laying on a free party
this afternoon at 12:30 in their spanking,
relatively-new offices on the second floor of
SUB. (You didn't know subs had more than one
A hearty welcome is extended to all
prospective staff writers, be they jocks, jerks
or journalists.
Oh yeah. The party is also especially open to
members of the Alma Mater Society council
who might wish to get acquainted with this
year's Ubyssey staff. Seriously.
Refreshments will be available for those
who need them.
Y'all come now.
Rag wants 3 issues weekly
Vol. UV, No. 1        VANCOUVER, B.C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1972
—kini mcdonald photo
'WORKMAN CROSSES cement plaza, part of new Sedgewick library featuring skylights and lots and lots or
study areas and scheduled for occupancy in November. See story on page 11.
The Ubyssey will bring a proposal allowing the newspaper to
resume publishing three times a week to the Wednesday meeting of the
Alma Mater Society council.
The proposal will not mean any drastic cutbacks in funds for undergraduate societies or other groups affected by the budget.
Publication of The Ubyssey is at present limited to once a week
because of an AMS executive decision to cut back the budget grant from
the $36,500 in 1971-72 to $19,400.
This figure was later increased to $22,800 when it was discovered it
was not possible to put out a newspaper for $19,400.
And recent negotiation wil College Printers manager Dave Nelson
would allow The Ubyssey to publish twice weekly on a $30,000 grant
from council.
"This would mean that for $7,200 more, we could come out twice a
week. On this basis, it seems rather silly not to," Ubyssey co-editor Jan
O'Brien said Monday.
Among the reasons given by the executive for the proposed cutback
' in funds was the claim of an "alarming drop in readership".
But O'Brien says that since no survey has been made, it is impossible to claim the paper is either gaining or losing readers.
"But there have been several indications in the last year that the
readership is growing.
"Letters have been coming at an unprecedented rate — which can
be seen by-looking at our four letters editions," she said.
She also said "more people than ever" are bringing newsworthy
material to the attention of the staff.
"This seems to point out more people are reading the paper and
becoming conscious of the impact it has on campus," she said.
She said the meetings held in residences to discuss the paper's
policies early in the year showed "a high level of interest in the paper,
from both the supporters and detractors."
"They may not have liked all the editorials and disagreed quite
often with the editorial policies, but they read the paper and argued
about the content.
"And after all, our purpose isn't to spout a line that's so inoffensive
that eveyone would agree with it. It's to present information that
stimulates thought and argument among people in the campus community," said O'Brien.
The Student's Coalition executive said another reason for the
proposed cut is:
"There has been a loss of a number of long-standing advertising
The executive said the loss in advertising came because Ubyssey
advertisers were discouraged by the editorial slant of the paper.
But O'Brien said businessmen who withdrew their ads from The
Ubyssey usually ended up putting them back in, because they
recognized the paper reached an audience and to ignore this audience is
bad busines
"Firbanks Jewelers withdrew an ad in 1969, but they returned the
next year with an even larger ad," she said.
"And Westco Insurance, who withdrew their ad to protest a specific
article, started advertising in the paper again after a change in
management. It would have been bad business practice to do otherwise," she said.
The executive also said they expect revenue to drop about $9,000, in
their prepared statement.
"This statement is so ambiguous that we reallv aren't even sure
what they mean — whether it's the AMS budget or the Ubyssey budget.
"We think it's rather premature to assume the society's budget will
decline, because they can only be basing their information on figures
from the academic planning office. And we find these aren't always
"If it refers to The Ubyssey, I just don't even know what they base
their information on.
"The paper gave the budget a $5,000 boost this year, and we haven't
got any reason to suspect the revenue won't stay at the same level.
"We hope these ambiguities will be cleared up at the Wednesday
council meeting, where we can talk about the claims rather than having
to go by a prepared statement for all the information," said O'Brien.
"And when the misunderstandings are cleared, I'm sure council
will see its way to have The Ubyssey publish two or three times a week."
Food service denies $100,000 loss
University food services lost $100,000 over the
summer, Doug Aldridge, Alma Mater Society
president, said Monday.
Aldridge said the loss, reported to him confidentially, was caused by a drop in the number of
conventions held over the summer.
But bursar William White refused to disclose the
food service financial standing, saying the interim
report was not available to the public.
And food services head Rurh Blair said: "It was
just not true at all that summer activities have
resulted in a $100,000 loss."
But she said food services suffered "a loss in
revenue" over the summer.
"The decline in revenue was caused not by inefficiency in the kitchens, but in the decline in the
number of conventions booked by convention
manager Gordon Craik," she said. Page 2
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
OFS wants boycott
TORONTO (CUP) — A referendum will be held
Oct. 10-12 on all campuses belonging to the Ontario
Federation of Students to decide if students want a
second-term fee boycott.
The action, decided at a July OFS meeting, is part
of an intensive educational campaign to protest increased tuition fees and decreased student award
The provincial government announced the increases of up to $600 in March, and faced immediate
oppostion. More than 1,000 students demonstrated at
the provinical legislature shortly after the announcement and 800 Ottawa students descended on
Toronto in early April to protest the increase.
Undergraduate tuition fees increased $100,
graduate fees $395, and teachers' college fees $600. At
the same time the loan portion of the student award
program increased by $200.
As a result of several OFS meetings in June and
July, five demands were made of the provincial
o The grant portion of the student awards return
to its original level $200 more than the present level;
o Part-time students have access to the student
awards program;
o The age of independence (which is a determining factor in student loans) be lowered from 25;
o Fee increases be deferred; and
o Full public and formal consultation before
changes in fees, student awards program, etc.
The third demand was partially met by education
minister George Kerr following a meeting with OFS
representatives. He agreed to reduce the age of independence from 25 to 24, making up to 2,000 persons
eligible for more student financial assistance. In past
years, students had to be married or 25 before family
financial resources were not counted in determining
eligibility for aid.
Another $500,000 may now be given out this year in
provincial grants and federally-backed bank loans to
post-secondary students. This will also cover the
weekly miscellaneous allowance increase from $8 to
$9. OFS representatives had asked for an increase of
$1.80 to $9.80. The federal government has also
suggested the $9.80 level.
OFS representatives and supporters are now
organizing students around the issue. Some 40,000
pamphlets urging students withhold second-term fee
instalments are being distributed to be used in pre-
registration mailings and at registration.
Carleton University in Ottawa, for example, will
have students at the registration lines informing
others of the OFS stand and asking them to support it.
This would leave open the option of a January fee
During the fall, OFS organizers hope to negotiate
with the government for a return to original fee levels
and a $200 decrease in the loan portion of a student
award before a student is eligible for a grant.
According to the OFS pamphlet "at stake is the
integrity of the university community and government responsibility and honesty . . . This is only the
first step. We must act and act now, before another
fee increase and another tightening of the financial
"The decision to spend increasingly massive sums
of money in previous years was a political one," the
pamphlet tells students. "The government must now
have the courage to meet the consequences head on.
It cannot be allowed to transfer either the responsibility or the cost to the university community."
The pamphlet also deplores the hypocritical talk
of accessibility to higher education in Ontario. "We
have been told that there is as much money available
for students as there always has been," it says. One
could easilty end up with a $5,000 debt now compared
with $2,500 debt over four years under the old
regulations, it adds.
The OFS represents 10 of Ontario's 14 universities,
and Ryerson Polytechnical Institute.
The Department of Finance, General Services Administration Bldg., wishes to remind students that the first
instalment is due on or before
Friday, September 22, 1972
will present a lecture by
Dr. Richard Schechner
Professor at New York University
and Co-Director of The Performance Group
Friday, September 15 12:30 p.m.
Frederic Wood Theatre
Students open towers
Three newly opened Walter Gage
Towers at the northest corner of
campus became the home for
about 1,200 students last week.
One feature of the towers is the
"enterphone" system.
According to the residence
information booklet written for
student residents, 'each room has
an "enterphone" so your visitors
and friends can call you from the
front entrance, and by dialing a
number you can let them in'.
However, the traffic through the
main entrance makes this system
The elevators, two to a wing, are
always crowded. As one student
put it:
Bookstore open
The AMS Co-operative Bookstore is in operation once more in SUB
A student-managed organization, it will provide a viable alternative
for students who are unwilling to pay the higher prices found at the UBC
"We want to help the students," says Diane Kirschner, part time
student and full time manager. By utilizing the co-op, students have the
opportunity to save money, and more important, to make some.
All books given to the co-op are sold on a a consignment basis only.
Generally, a book in good condition will be sold for seventy-five per cent
of the original cost.
Sixty per cent is returned to the consigner after purchase. The
fifteen percent retained by the AMS is used to pay rent space and 15
Any book will be accepted, but "James Bond books don't sell very
well," Kirschener says — "texts are best."
Students are allowed to return texts, and fifty per cent will be
returned to the consigner if the text is stolen.
Besides books, record albums and magazines can be purchased.
Several boxloads of notes are available, all free for the taking.
After the book rush is over, the AMS Arts and Crafts Ship will be
moved from Speakeasy to the co-op premises.
Various leather goods and artistic creations will be sold, similarly
on a consignment basis. The co-op Bookstore is open Monday to Friday
9-5 p.m.
University to appeal
The university administration is appealing union certification of
physical plant clerical workers to delay contract negotiations, a union
official charged Monday.
"We've got our proposal ready, our contract committee elected and
we're ready to bargain," said Opal Skilling, secretary-treaurer of Local
15 of the Office and Technical Employees Union.
Skilling said OTEU, an international union, was certified May 30 to
represent about 45 workers, including draftsmen and telephone exchange operators.
"The university has kept these people dangling since May and
through the summer," she said, "I can't see any decision for the certification to be reversed now."
The appeal, scheduled for Sept. 26, will be heard before the
provincial Labor Relations Board.
"We're getting the file, ready for our lawyers," said Skilling.
"That's all we can do now."
Administration personnel officer John McLean said Monday the
administration considers the certification "inappropriate" because
four other unions are already represented in the department.
"We're not antagonistic to unions but there's already four and that's
enough," said McLean.
."Nobody wants to even think of a
A common complaint from
residents on the higher levels is
against those on second and third
floors who wait for the elevators
rather than climb stairs.
The buildings aren't quite
finished. The lowrise complex
adjacent to the towers isn't ready
for occupants, and some suites
lack tables.
And the enterphone system in the
east tower is already out of order.
But these aren't necessarily the
major problems.
Said one student:
"My only complaint is that there
aren't enough cupboards."
Bring them to
Sept. 11-15
8:45 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Askus about a Student loan.
It paystoget an education.
Education costs a bundle.
At the Commerce, we know.
And, we can help lighten the load.
Talk to a local Commerce
manager about a student loan.
He can help you get it. And,
he can help you keep it in check
with proper money management.
You and the Commerce. Together we're both stronger. Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 3
NDP sweep provokes guarded comments
The New Democratic Party's recent turfing out of
Social Credit evoked some pleasure and considerable
guarded comment from campus administrators.
And both UBC board of governors' chairman Allan
McGavin and ecucation dean Neville Scarfe won money on
the result.
"I haven't any idea what it will mean to the university,"
said administration president Walter Gage Monday. "I
"suppose we will find out in due course."
He said a meeting will be arranged with the province's
new education minister "when we find out who that person
is", but would make no further comment "at this stage".
Nor would he reveal what issues might be discussed.
"Anything to do with the university is an issue as far as I'm
concerned," he explained.
Three and a half years ago, before his appointment as
full-time president, Gage charged: "The provincial
government doesn't realize the importance of the universities."
But last night, he said only "I would not like to make any
remarks at all" about the past years of Social Credit rule.
"I'm no political being" were the first words from
chairman McGavin, president of McGavin Toastmaster
Ltd. "I'm a coper," he chuckled.
He said he was surprised by the extent of the NDP "but I
have no other reaction.
"I'll tell you this, though," he said. "I won $8 on it
because I wasn't as wrong as the rest of them.''
McGavin described the university's relations with the
' Socreds as "adequate" and expressed no fears at future
treatment from the New Democrats.
"They could hurt us if they wished. They're our parents,
but I've no fear. I wish 'em well and I'm sure they'll do
Education dean Scarfe looked forward happily to the
new government.
"I think the election will affect our department
favorably. Some of them have been our students, and I've
known quite a number of them as friends before they
became involved in politics.
"During the campaign the New Democrats said they
were in favor of teachers, smaller classrooms and the
quality of education, and these are things we've all been
struggling for for years.
"So I'm happy with the new government.
"I also bet some money on it and won."
Further glee came from Dr. J. F. McCreary, director of
the Health Sciences Centre and former dean of medicine.
"I think it's fair to say the previous government has not
been known for its positive support of education  and
health," he declared.
"I'm highly involved in both fields so inevitably I'm
hopeful that a change of government will lead to a change of
"For instance, we badly need an experimental approach
to health care."
Dr. McCreary said it was time to stop pouring money
into hospital care, a practice he blamed for "rapidly
driving health costs out of sight," and start directing it into
ventures like community clinics and family health centres.
He said he doubts defeated health minister Ralph Loffmark would be unhappy to return to his old teaching job in
the university's commerce and business faculty administration department.
"I think he'll be really pleased to get back," said Dr.
McCreary. "Ralph was getting pretty fed up and he'll be
very happy to be back."
Loffmark's new boss, dean Philip White, already has his
classes arranged.
He will be teaching two fourth-year courses on statutes
of law. "He (Loffmark) is certainly very competent in the
field," White said.
Concerning the election, White observed: "Heavens,
your guess is as good as mine as to what will happen.
"Gosh, the government of B.C. is fairly large and they
would have to work very hard to have a huge impact on the
"But I do hope they will be more generous to the
Alma Mater Society president Doug Aldridge said he
wanted to talk with members of the newly-elected NDP
He was anxious to meet them as soon as possible to talk
about "everything I can think of, and I'm particularly interested in the sort of split there might be between
elementary and secondary education and post-secondary
Aldridge said he believes students could look forward to
an improved auto insurance scheme and relaxation of
liquor laws.
"Students have always been getting shafted rom insurance firms," he claimed.
"Also, maybe now the university area will be treated
like everywhere else as far as liquor laws are concerned."
Drifting into the realm of political speculation, Aldridge
said: "I think Barrett's in trouble right now. He needs a lot
of time.
"But if you're going to write a story on this, you can say
that the tone I've taken is 'optimistic'.
"I don't want to push 'em but I'd like to talk to them.
When I was in Victoria last time, I had coffee with Barrett
and Capozzi and that was quite a battle."
TIRED. These two are very tired. But that's how it is, isn't it, Mr. and Ms. Ubyssia. You
work and you slave all your life grinding and scraping to keep a bare hold on that
.—kini mcdonald photo
marvellous, teeming thing called Life. And when it's near its end you look back on all
those years of toil and strife and you think about it and you wonder.   Don't you?
Federal student leans policy tough
Changes in the Canada Student Loans policy this year
have given university students more problems than
Although the borrowing ceiling has been increased from
$1,000 to $1,400, tighter application regulations make the
money harder to get.
Major changes are that students applying for loans are
evaluated as having saved a specific amount from summer
^earnings and are required to provide photostated copies of
"their own and their parents' T-l income tax forms.
The policy was drafted by the federal finance department   and   passed   earlier   this   year   by   provincial
representatives at a meeting in Ottawa.
_   Seymour Archbold, provincial student affairs depart
ment superintendent in Victoria, says the new policy is
ridiculous and, with the support of his department, this
summer eased earnings regulations.
According to federal policy, B.C. students are expected
to save an average of $875 towards their education.
Amounts vary according to sex and university year and
are based on a 1971 Canada Manpower student summer
employment survey.
Thus, whether or not students worked at all or saved the
specified amount, their applications will be assessed as
though they did.
Archbold has cut the required savings amounts by $100
across the board, despite Ottawa warnings against such
Provincial bursary requirements have also been eased
in an attempt to provide students with more money.
Any student who took a full course load last year and
passed all subjects is eligible for a bursary.
Amounts vary according to need, and Archbold said
bursaries will be given until the budget is depleted.
Alma Mater Society treasurer David Dick said council
backs a National Conference on Student Financing decision
this summer that universities not support the Manpower
survey if asked to.
He said a protest couldn't be organized this summer
because students were not in classes and there was no
advance notice of the policy.
"This is one main reason we need a strong student
union," Dick said, adding he is "pissed off at the government." Page 4
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
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Of flacks and flunkies
UBC PReports is an administration PR sheet
which appears occasionally on campus. It claims
to be a newspaper but we're rather dubious.
Newspapers, you see, have to answer questions.
"Okay, fine," you say. "But UBC PReports
does answer questions.
"Why, just last week there were two whole
pages of answers donated by local worthies Doug
Aldridge, the Alma Mater Society president and
David Dick, the AMS treasurer."
Hmmmmmm. Yaaaaas, it seems you're right.
Well, we'll get to that later.
In the meantime, we'll mention that the
people who publish UBC PReports are also
responsible for the so-called student guide,
otherwise known as Lifesaver '72.
The guide is quite remarkable. In its 28 pages
it somehow manages to avoid making any critical
comments on the university and its functions.
For example, note its description of the UBC
board of governors. We are told they are
responsible for "the management, administration,
business and affairs of the university."
Great. But why are these people spending so
much of their time running the university? And
why are board members traditionally lumber
barons or fishpackers rather than members of
other segments of the community?
You won't find the answers to these
questions in your student guide or in UBC
SEPTEMBER 12, 1972
Published Tuesdays throughout the university year by
the Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C.
Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of
the AMS or the university administration. Member,
Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page
Tuesday, a weekly commentary and review. The
Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room 241K of
the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305;
advertising, 228-3977.
Co-editors: John Andersen, Jan O'Brien
It was one hell of a hectic day and now that we're into the
next one Monday appears to be shrouded in a haze of beer
fumes, cigarette smoke and curse cards.
So lost to memory are the names of those descending on
Ubyssia yesterday, one em ruler and the latest Dougie Aldridge
jokes (into every life a little bit of sunshine must fall).
Which only means that we'll have to keep a better staff list
tomorrow. Oh, and did you hear the one about the former
EUS president who . ..
We'd like to ask a few more questions. For
instance, why was no student-produced guide
published this year?
A student-produced guide was published last
year and the year before and the year before that
back as far as we can remember.
Last year, veteran students may recall, we
published a guide describing the UBC odyssey of a
mythical character named Justine. Why not this
Well, last summer The Ubyssey asked David
Dick for money to publish a student guide.
He refused, saying there was "no way" he
would allot money to a student guide like
He claimed there was "no information in it".
It's not true. All the information contained in
the administration-produced guide and then some
was contained in "Justine". The difference
between the two is that "Justine" examined the
university critically while Lifesaver '72 does not.
Asked if he was content to allow the
administration to have a monopoly on
interpretation of the university and its role, Dick
muttered something about some booths the AMS
was planning to set up to help orient students.
Well, wonderful, but it seems to us that
15,000 copies of a student-produced guide are a
lot more likely to get across to students than a
few booths.
Dick also said something about there not
being enough money to pay for a guide.
But surely the resources of the AMS aren't so
low that it can't afford the $1,000 necessary to
produce a student guide. And if AMS funds are so
low, why waste money on booths which are only
going to have a negligible effect at best?
Okay, so registration week is over and it's too
late now to do anything about the student guide
botch-up. The administration alias UBC PReports
alias Lifesaver '72 have hit the students firstest
_with the mostest.
There are still some questions which need
answering though. Specifically, what is the
connection between Aldridge and Dick and the
administration alias UBC PReports etc. etc.?
We're not suggesting that it was anything but
co-incidence that a two-page spread devoted to
AMS heavies Aldridge and Dick appears in the
first issue of UBC PReports.
Neither is it anything but co-incidence that
the headline on the story reads "Economic
Sanctions, No!, Undergraduate Societies, Yes!",.
-which very nicely capsulates the strategy of the
AMS executive's attempt to smash The Ubyssey.
(As explained in another editorial, we feel
that economic sanctions are being taken against
The Ubyssey. We also object strongly to the
executive's ill-disguised attempt to divide and rule
by trying to allign the undergraduate societies
against The Ubyssey in the current scrap for
Nor was it anything but co-incidence that the
administration was able to produce a "student
guide" free from competition by students.
The whole thing is a question of attitudes.
The administration doesn't want to rock the
boat. Neither, apparently, do Aldridge and Dick.
This is why attempts are made to suppress
The Ubyssey. We ask too many questions which
are likely to rock the boat.
This is why wads such as UBC PReports and
Lifesaver '72 are published, to play up the "good"
questions (and answers) and tone down the "bad"
ones and  generally  keep  things secure for the -
status quo.
And this is why UBC PReports and its various
offspring are not newspapers because a newspaper
should investigate and answer all questions which.
are newsworthy, regardless of how they will make
a particular interest group appear.
So there we have it, the administration alias
UBC PReports and Aldridge and Dick all in the
sack together. It's a cozy picture, isn't it?
The only problem is us. We're still here and
we've got lots and lots of questions which we'd
love to see answered.
J. A.
We apologize for telling some people The
Ubyssey would first appear Friday. The Ubyssey..
staff decided to move the publishing date of the
paper ahead after considering the best possible
way to provide service as a weekly.
Tuesday, we decided, would be a better day
for reporting on sports events and theatrical
productions, publishing 'Tween Classes and hot
flashes and finding you on campus.
To make up for this faux pas we are holding a"
drunken orgy in SUB 241-K today from noon on.
We want to know why you read or don't read the
paper. ^.
J.O. Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 5
The money hassle:
how we see it
Relations between The Ubyssey and the
Alma Mater Society executive have never
been good.
Each year the AMS executive attempts
to muzzle The Ubyssey and each year the
newspaper repels the attack.
Well, nothing has changed.
The Ubyssey staff was informed that
the budget for this year has been cut from a
proposed $37,000 for three issues per week
to $22,800. This means The Ubyssey would
become a weekly publication for the first
time since 1925.
The executive claims this move is being
made only because of the tight financial
situation the AMS is facing this year.
We find this hard to believe. Hidden
behind a facade of fiscal responsibility is the
real reason. Politics.
It is certainly no secret that the AMS
executive disagrees with some policies of
The Ubyssey. It is hardly likely that the
massive chop of the budget would have been
attempted if The Ubyssey had supported the
present office holders in the election last
While other AMS programs have
received cuts none have been forced to
reduce activities by two-thirds.
In fact AMS president Doug Aldridge
has even been heard to refer to the budget
priorities as "political priorities".
Political priorities that attempt to create
an artificial division between The Ubyssey
and undergraduate societies which for the
first time in recent history will receive
workable sums from the AMS discretionary
The Ubyssey has always been in favor of
the Palmer proposal which allocates a
minimum of $200 plus 40 cents for each
student enrolled in the undergraduate
society faculty. We see the Palmer proposal
as a first step in the decentralization of the
AMS but still maintain more must be done
to decentralize an operation that needs 10
persons to handle each club or group's
purchase order.
The issue is not between the
undergraduate societies and The Ubyssey
but rather with the AMS executive's political
The executive talks about dollar value
per student in assigning its budgetary
priorities. We agree that programs given
priority should benefit the greatest number
of people. The Ubyssey for a number of
years has received a larger budget allocation
than other programs for the simple reason it
reaches the most people.
The Ubyssey does not consist of a small
group of staff members but everyone
involved in the communication process, the
writers and the readers.
People have asked us why we don't
solicit support outside of the AMS. We do in
the form of advertisements. More than
one-half of the $88,000 operating expenses
of The Ubyssey are met through
The executive states it does not wish to
control the paper editorially at this time,
however, the decisions to eliminate national
student news from the paper by
discontinuing Canadian University Press
membership and to reduce immediacy of
Ubyssey coverage are editorial decisions.
Control, whether it be financial, legal or
editorial, is still control.
It appears that the executive has
allowed disagreements with Ubyssey policies
to color its assessment of student needs.
We can only hope the AMS council will
recognize this and in its consideration of the
1972-73 budget allow The Ubyssey to
continue the level of service students have
learned to expect.
will present a lecture by
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Every year the B.C. Telephone Company ships
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And every year B.C. Tel continues to provide
execrable service to its customers.
We suggest strongly that the company be nationalized.
Things couldn't be worse than they are now.
Dear Ubyssey:
I have decided to quit my position as Alma Mater Society ombudsperson in disgust with Doug Aldridge's (and the rest of the student
Coalition executive's) reactionary and otherwise dictatorial tactics.
Since I was elected to the AMS executive last spring, Aldridge has
persistently refused to invite me to any executive meetings at all. This
has remained the case despite his assurance to student council that this
is not so.
The only meeting I have been able to attend so far is one I walked in
on by accident. I did come across Mr. Aldridge one night, however,
parading around Cecil Green Park as usual in a suit with a name badge
on it informing all that he is AMS President. I was then told I would
" never be invited to any meeting unless I agreed never to criticize him
This disgusting behavior is reflective of the other Student Coalition
members of the executive. How can anyone take seriously the
"executive position" to cut The Ubysffey budget when this decision was
made in a meeting closed to any non-Student Coalition executive
members? .    .
If the student body had foreseen any of this silly, ego-tripping
behavior (such as hiring themselves for $2,000 each of AMS funds this
summer), I am quite sure others would have been elected. In any event,
. I refuse to be part of the most reactionary executive UBC has had in
over six years!
Yours fraternally,
Tom   MacKinnon
P.S. — Thanks for a sometimes interesting six years. I didn't learn
-much but I had fun pretending along with all of us. I'll miss the place
and some of you. Cheers too!
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Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Workers expect
Final drafting of an independent union constitution for
UBC office workers will be completed this week, says International Relations Instititute
secretary Lori Whitehead.
The draft will be sent to about 80
campus workers who have expressed interest in the Association
of University  Employees  Union.
No date has been set for a
general meeting but one should be
called next week, said Whitehead.
"If all goes well" a founding
convention will be held by the end
of the month and the drive to
unionize about 1,200 workers can
The group is aiming for a three-
month drive so application for
certification to the provincial
Labor Relations Board can be
made by December.
"But that would be a really
efficient drive," she said, adding it
could easily take longer.
Certification will give the union
bargaining rights with employers
but to apply they need the support
of 51 per cent of the non-unionized
Whitehead and several other
office workers were involved in an
Office and Technical Employees
Union drive to unionize campus
workers last spring. They withdrew after scrutinization of the
international constitution revealed
locals are powerless in deter-,
mining policy and financial ex-',
Committees to draw up local
and provincial constitutions were
established in March. Since then,
"we have been writing and
rewriting constitutions like mad,"
said Whitehead, a member of the
provincial constitution committee.
Memners want to have a
provincial, not national
organization, to enhance "participatory democracy".
"Size, after a certain point, is
inimicable to democracy," explained Whitehead.
Some features of the constitution give workers benefits that
the Canadian Union of Public
Employees and the OTEU do not.
These include giving locals control
over their own funds and the bulk
of power to elected localand
division shop stewards.
And there will be "no blanket
powers for any executive to expel
member locals for private
beliefs," says Whitehead.
Should individual locals decide
to withdraw from the union they
can take their assets with them,
she said.
The constitution as passed at a
founding convention will be official.
Any campus office workers
interested in receiving a copy of
this week's constitution draft
should contact Whitehead at 228-
5480, Jennifer Clements, in finance
at 228-4573 or Rayleen Nash in
medicine at 228-3051.
Reps to distuss
national union
OTTAWA (CUP) — Canadian student council representatives will
meet in early November to attempt to initiate a new national student
union, following several country-wide meetings during the summer.
But it appears major support for the new organization comes from
western Canada, with little interest in Ontario and almost none in the
Maritime provinces.
The new organization would either replace or resurrect the now-
defunct Canadian Union of Students which died in 1969, amid charges that
it had adopted too radical a political stance.
A preliminary meeting at the University of Windsor in May set the
ball rolling, with the formation of a national steering committee, mandated to solicit proposals for the new union and write a draft constitution.
Delegates from Ontario's larger universities doubted the feasibility
of establishing a national organization, and said they preferred to consolidate and improve the fledgling Ontario Federation of Students (OFS),
which was formed last spring.
Few Maritime representatives attended the Windsor conference,
while the main protagonists for a national union were delegates from
Simon Fraser University, the University of Saskatchewan Regina campus, the University of Manitoba, and the host University of Windsor.
At a conference of prairie student councils in Regina, July 14-16,
representatives from eight universities and technical institutes agreed
that a national students' union is the best vehicle for tackling problems
facing students. Only the U of Saskatoon campus was opposed. Delegates
passed a statement of principles listing priorities in forming a new union,
although no delegation had the power to commit its students' union to
definite plans.
The prairie schools indicated a regional association will be organized
even if a national body is not established.
Meanwhile, plans for the November conference are well behind
"By our original timetable we had hoped to have a draft constitution
sent out, feedback returned and a new document produced, on which
councils could then have mandated delegates to action in November," he
said in a recent interview. "Now I don't know how successful this
timetable is going to be."
Cameron noted "a certain amount of arrogance" among Ontario
university student councillors toward the idea of a national organization.
"In Ontario there's a feeling that we've got to get OFS off the ground,
and in dealing with the Wright report (the provincial government's report
on post-secondary education) we find the national issues tie in anyway,
and there's a certain amount of arrogance that we can do it ourselves,"
he said. "There's a feeling that national issues can be dealt with by Ontario as Ontario, and with only informal relations with other provinces."
Cameron added that the Maritime provinces were "very suspicious"
about anything happening west of the New Brunswick border."
"The problem with the Atlantic provinces is that the universities are
now in a fairly conservative state and are suspicious of CUS and anything
like it."
Cameron said that the November conference will probably see an
organization form with representatives from most provinces.
Indications are that the conference will take place in Ottawa, but
final plans have not been made. Steering committee members are
chasing various sources of funding, including the federal government.
Originally students planned the conference in Toronto during the
annual meeting of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada,
but apparently they now want the new union to be born free of administration connections. Another factor in the move from Hogtown is a
disastrous national conference on university financing held there in July.
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Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Enrolment down
across Canada
OTTAWA (CUP) -- A further decrease in
university enrolment will show on the account books
of institutions across the country this month as the
lack of jobs for degree-carrying graduates and increased tuition take their toll.
The Canadian Association of University Teachers,
realizing this will result in the firing of some of its
members, is taking steps to protect as many teachers
as possible.
Donald Savage, CAUT assistant executive
secretary, has predicted the crunch will come this
"This year departments will probably have to cut
back with non-renewal of contracts," he said in a
recent interview. "We fear this will be done in an ad
hoc hysterical way," he added.
University administrators should inform their
senates of the financial picture and let the senates
decide if specific programs will be scrapped or if staff
will be cut across the board, the CAUT official said.
Savage was concerned firings might occur in a
"vendetta" fashion without involfing faculty in the
decision-making process. If this"does happen, the
institutions involved will be black-listed by the
An Ontario government study cites frustration and
alienation of young people from society and the
educational system as the causes for the enrolment
decrease. There are also fewer young people of
university age now than in the sixties.
The frustration stems directly from a
disillusionment with university education and the
privileges it is supposed to bring. Many university
graduates also have discovered a degree, even a
doctorate, is not a guaranteed meal ticket to a job.
University enrolment hit its peak in the 1960's,
increasing an average of eleven per cent a year. By
1970 the increase was down to six per cent and last
year it hit a three per cent average. Since many
universities had predicted fall enrolment would
remain at six per cent, budget slashing soon began in
This September may see a four per cent'increase,
university officials say. Other studies have predicted
the enrolment increase will be lower. However, as
one federal government official said, "Your guess is
as good as any."
Tuition costs are also a large factor detering
potential university students. Ontario university
tuition fees are $100 to $400 higher. Universities such
as Dalhousie in Nova Scotia will provide education at
$720 or more in an acknowledged poor region.
As tuition goes up, student aid loans also increase,
thereby putting up the cost of education, especially
for low-income students. This will succeed in making
universities purely upper middle class institutions,
unless one wants several thousands of dollars of debts
with little prospect for employment.
To attract students, many universities are now
resorting to promotional work while others have
made it easier for students to register.
Toronto's York University answers potential applicants in 24 hours with Operation Break Through.
Simon Fraser in British Columbia provides a round-
the-clock information service. Ontario's Trent
University is actually easing admission requirements
to allow about 50 students to enter first year although
they have not passed grade 13 with the standard 60
per cent average, so eager are they to attract
As university enrolment decreases, community
colleges enjoy an unprecedented boom. They had an
average 11 per cent increase last year, matching that
of the universities in the sixties. The 130 Canadian
community colleges had 185,000 students enrolled last
year. The colleges estimate there will be an approximate increase of 28 per cent this year.
Many students attending the now popular colleges
might have gone to university if employment
prospects were not so dismal and the financing such a
To cope with the expanding number of community
college students, many provinces plan additions to
these facilities, while universities are having trouble
finding people to fill their buildings and taxpayers
fork out more money to support them.
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OPBI THURSDAY AND FRIDAY UNTIL 9 ?R Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 7
_-_?&.>» '#.
Women's Studies enters
second year of program
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This year's Women's Studies course will try
to stimulate research and critical discussion
into the women's liberation movement, project
co-ordinator Fran Isaacs said Monday.
"Last year the course was sort of like a
celebration of having a women's studies course
at the university," she said.
"This year we'd like to initiate research into
the different aspects of the movement."
The non-credit course will again be held 7:30
p.m. Tuesday evenings in the SUB ballroom.
The introduction, Images of Women, will be
held Oct. 3.
The program will feature Three Lives, a
film     by     Kate     Millet;      Conflict,      a
psychodramatic presentation; and different
women speakers.
Poet Sharon Stevenson will speak Nov. 7 on
socialist perspectives on women's liberation,
Barbara Todd will speak on Women in
Canadian History in the Oct. 10 session and
Shelagh Day will lecture Nov. 14 on anger, love
and sexuality.
Lectures will be followed by seminars,
conducted by one of the 34 volunteer leaders.
"The main difference from last year is that
each seminar will have a theme, a focus in a
specific area," Isaacs said.
The course budget is $6,000, she said.
"But right now the Alma Mater Society has
donated $700 or $800, and there's been a small
grant from the Status of Women Council. We're
still waiting to get an answer to our application
of funds from the Secretary of State's department," Isaacs added.
"But we hope to clear $1,500 from the $2
registration fee for anyone taking the course."
She said the money is used for office sup-"
plies, salaries, rental of equipment and
speakers' expenses.^
"This year we'd like to be able to give the
speakers and seminar leaders a small
honorarium, too," she said.
Men and women interested in taking the
course can get registration forms from the
Women's Studies office, room 218 on the top
floor of SUB.
Protest delays hanging
The decision whether to accept a
controversial mural presented to
the university by Governor
General Roland Michener's wife
has been delayed.
The mural was to have been
unveiled by Ms. Michener during
the opening ceremonies of the new
Sedgewick library. However,
because of construction delays,
these ceremonies have been
postponed indefinitely.
The mural shows several Indians
kneeling before Captain George
Vancouver when he landed at
Vancouver Island.
"The painting brings out the
feeling that Indians are subservient   to   white   men,"   said
Lawrence Gladue, vice-president
of the B.C. Association of Non-
Status Indians.
"Indians don't raise both hands
except to pray and they didn't pary
to Captain Vancouver."
The painting is currently
hanging on the fifth floor of the
lobby, but facing the wall.
"It will not be visible until its
unveiling, if at all," said a library
"When, the painting was
presented, it had been in storage
for some time, so it was unrolled
and the artist, Charles Comfort,
was called in to retouch it," he
It was while the painting was
being retouched that controversy
about it erupted.
"We had just about every
minority group in the city come in
and complain," said the
"We ran an informal survey to
see what people thought and the
results were mostly negative.
People felt it had its historical
place but that it was not something
to be accepted in 1972."
"I don't know if the painting will
be accepted," said Professor Sam
Black, chairman of the presidens
committee on University Art.
"Our committee was asked for
our opinion and we recommended
acceptance," he said. "Final
acceptance will have to come from
the president."
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AMS seats vacated,
byelection pending
The Alma Mater Society lost two
executive officers this summer
when internal affairs officer Lynne
Phillips left for Europ and coordinator Rick Murray resigned.
AMS treasurer David Dick said
Murray, a former applied science
student now registered in the
commerce faculty, resigned due to
a conflict of interest between his
job as co-ordinator and as chairman of the SUB building committee.
When asked if Murray resigned
because he flunked out of applied
science, Dick said "I didn't say
(Past co-ordinators have served
as chairman of the building
committee without conflict of
interest developing. The coordinator's job includes responsibility for the operation and
maintenance of SUB.)
Dick also said Phillips'
resignation was the reason no
orientation was presented this
"When she left, we had no
program planned, and too much
else in the works to be able to pull
off orientation," he said.
Byelections to fill the vacant
seats will be held Oct. 4, subject to
ratification by council at the
Wednesday night meeting in SUB
council chambers.
AMS secretary Sally Clarke said
at a meeting between the
Student's Coalition executive and
Ubyssey staffers she is working on
the SUB gallery council, under the
direction of curator Rory Ralston,
to plan a series of regular shows
for the SUB art gallery.
"We're really excited about a
show we're planning of Mission
Benedictine monk Dunstin
Massey's work," she said.
She said a showing of the present
SUB art collection will open today
in the gallery.
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Page 9
Student vote depends on lie to officials
OTTAWA (CUP) — Most university students won't be
able to vote where they live while at school in the Oct. 30
federal election, unless they lie to enumerators.
In a series of regulations quietly handed down in
January, the Trudeau government amended the Elections
Act in a manner likely to disperse and discourage student
Full-time students attending any educational institution
in Canada must now vote in the constituency from which
they originated. To do this they must contact the returning
officer in their home constituency to ensure their names are
on the voters lists.
If students cannot be in their home constituency for
election day, they may designate a person from that constituency to cast a proxy vote. Both the student and his
representative must fill out a form a triplicate.
Formerly students could either register to vote in the
constituency where they resided while attending an
educational institution or register in their home constituency under the old Elections Act. The voting age was 21
then, but it has since been lowered to 18.
Instructions sent out to local returning officers by the
Chief Electoral Officer, J. M. Hamel, are quite explicit.
Students are divided into four categories: married, unmarried living at home, unmarried living away from
home, and unmarried on their own. Single students living
"away from home" may not legally vote in their campus
riding; they must cast their ballot in their parents' seat.
Married students and students who live "on their own"
are to be enumerated in the usual manner.
"In the case of students' residence, liaison should be
established by the returning officer with the appropriate
officials responsible for such residences so that at the
proper time, their help may be sought in determining which
students, if any, should be enumerated," the regulations
The residences referred to include university, college,
private schools or nursing schools.
The government has not neglected those students who do
not live in a residence.
"Enumerators should be instructed that whenever an
occupant of a dwelling describes his occupation as
"student", they should ascertain which of the four basic
situations applies to that person by determining the
relationship of that person to the other occupants of the
dwelling, if any, and the nature and duration of that person's occupancy," the regulations continue.
"Enumerators should also be instructed that when they
are informed that a 'member of the family' is away from
home because he is a student, the name of that person
should be included in their preliminary list even if it ap- ■
pears that, because of distance etc., that person will be
unable to vote personally on the advance polling days or on
ordinary polling day."
There is little that escapes the regulations. Even the
definition of a full-time student is quite encompassing. If
the enumerator or returning officer thinks the main reason
a young person is away from home is to attend a school, he
or she must register in the home constituency of the
parents. This definition may be applied even if a student is
also working and attending school part-time.
An official from the Chief Electoral Officer's department told CUP it is possible for students living away from
home to vote in the constituency in which they currently
reside. But they must virtually lie to do so.
The student must tell the enumerator that she or he lives
"away from home" and is completely independent of any
parental support. The student must explain her or his
position to the satisfaction of the enumerator or returning
If the student is challenged at a poll on voting day, he or
she must take an oath that she or he resides in the constituency.
The Election Act provides penalties for those who make
false declarations under oath. Their vote can also be
Observers doubt federal officials would dare take any
action if a large number of students were to violate the new
voting law.
Some student representatives have indicated a coordinated mass violation of the new regulations may be
organized, especially in constituencies where thousands of
students reside.
Indications are many students will be discouraged from
voting because of the bureaucratic troubles involved. Those
who do will likely have their vote dispersed across the
country, thereby having little effect on candidates running
in constituencies with a large youth vote.
The government encountered no organized resistance
from students in making the changes. Canadian students
have been without a national organization to represent
them since the Canadian Union of Students folded in 1969.
Attempts to reform a national student organization are
currently underway with a founding conference scheduled
for early November, probably in Ottawa. But the new union
has little enthusiastic support outside western Canada.
Under the old voting regulations, never tested under the
lowered voting age, students could have presented a
significant block of votes, which could have swung various
elections. Politicians would have been forced to pay even
more heed to the demands of young people.
The Trudeau Liberals may come under heavy fire for
giving young people the vote with one hand, and then ensuring that many young people won't be able to exercise
their newly-won right on the other.
Similar, but less tightly worded regulations were announced by the Ontario Progressive Conservative government before last October's provincial election, but
province-wide opposition from students caused the Tories
to backtrack, and enumerators usually took students' word
as to where they considered their permanent residence to
Wally Wagon takes top honors in U.S. contest
The UBC urban vehicle won top honors Aug. 12 in a
student Urban Vehicle Design Competition initiated by
Massachusetts Institute of Technology students.
The "Wally Wagon" — named after administration
President Walter Gage, was designed and constructed by
about 150 mechanical engineers.
The amazing success it enjoyed there, however, has
launched its creators into a whole new endeavor: the
possibilities and problems of mass production.
They are hoping to begin a feasibility study this fall if
necessary funds are provided by senior levels of government and private industry.
This depends largely on the support and general interest
shown by the general student body so Alma Mater Society
President Doug Aldridge, a member of the "Wally" team,
hopes to initiate the fund drive with student funds.
The contest was held at the General Motors Testing
Ground at Milford, Mich, and attracted 60 entries, 10 of
which were Canadian.
The cars were tested in ten different areas including
cost, emissions, performance, parkability, space
utilization, turning, energy efficiency, noise, safety, and
The UBC entry won in the safety fields, the second most
important categories behind emissions and space
It was also judged highest in overall performance. The
award was presented by John A. Volpe, U.S. Secretary of
Some of the car's features include an internal combustion engine, powered by natural gas, a molded
fibreglass shell frame; a tubular steel roll cage that is part
of the chassis and is hidden in the frame; a "Drunk Test"
which involves combination locks and a reflex test which
must be passed before the car will start; front and rear
bumpers that can withstand an impact of up to seven
m.p.h.; a stylish interior that features a collapsible steering
column, heavy dash padding, several seat belts, flexible
gear shift and rear-view mirror.
Following the contest, the car was displayed across
Canada and returned to Vancouver for the PNE where it
was shown in the Showmart Building.
Dave  Stewart,  Manager     —     Terry  Cotton, Loans
10th at Sasamat
224-4348 Page 10
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Nemetz becomes chancellor,
reins pass to new heavies
There has been an exchange of
power among UBC's ruling elite.
Justice Nathan T. Nemetz took
office Aug. 31 as ninth Chancellor
of UBC.
And at a dinner in honor of
Nemetz on Thursday afternoon,
UBC president Walter Gage announced that Allan M. McGavin,
president of McGavin Toastmaster
Ltd. and retiring Chancellor, has
been elected chairman of the UBC
Board of Governors.
McGavin is taking the place of
retiring chairman Arthur Fouks.
Nemetz, a graduate of UBC, is a
former member of both the board
of governors and the senate, UBC's
top governing bodies.
He served on the board from 1957
to 1968, including three years as
chairman and in the senate from
1957 to 1963.
As chancellor, he will again be a
member of both bodies. McGavin
has been a member of the board
since 1966 and was elected chancellor by acclamation in 1969 for a
three year term of office.
Three members of the board are
retiring after serving the
maximum number of years
allowed under the Universities Act.
They are Walter C. Koerner,
board chairman of Rayonier
Canada Ltd.; John E. Liersch,
director, Canadian Forest
Products, Ltd.; and Donovan
Miller of Canadian Fishing
Company Ltd.
It has also been reported that
Paul Plant, vice-president of R. S.
Plant, Ltd., and Beverley Lecky
have been re-appointed by the
provincial government and that
Thomas Dohm, president of the
Vancouver Stock Exchange has
been newly appointed.
The university has not yet
received official confirmation of
these appointments.
The other members of the Board
are UBC president Walter Gage;
Richard Bibbs, vice-president,
industrial relations, MacMillan-
Blodel Ltd.; David Williams,
lawyer, and magistrate Les
Three more members of the
board will be elected by the senate
this fall.
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 q»jY"»»-* Your Campus Theatre =========== Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 11
New library to open soon
The long-awaited underground
Sedgewick library should be open
for students by November, says
UBC head librarian Basil Stuart-
The $3.8 million building, which
students have watched slowly take
shape from excavation in
November 1970, was originally set
to be opened by Governor-General
Roland Michener Sept. 1. However,
B.C.'s construction industry strike-
lockout earlier this year pushed
back the completion date.
In fact, says Sedgewick librarian
Tule Erickson, a secondary effect
of the strike-lockout was the loss by
the library's sub-contractors of
parts of their crews. Men found
jobs elsewhere during the shutdown with many not returning
"There simply aren't enough
skilled tradesmen to go around,"
said Erickson.
Until these contractors can put
crews together some of the work on
plumbing, electricity, furniture,
and carpeting is being held up.
The two-floor library, nestled
under the Main Mall in front of the
main library, will be open to all
students on campus though it is
primarily an undergraduate
"We call it an undergraduate
library but the fact is everybody
uses it," says Stuart-Stubbs. "It's a
lot more convenient than the main
A little later in an interview
taken while strolling through the
new building Stuart-Stubbs said,"
"Shit, if I had to think I was
responsible for the main library (in
design) I think I'd jump off a
Stuart-Stubbs wasn't responsible.
He became head librarian in
1956, long after the building was
built. He was part of the impetus
for the new building, however,
having proposed it in 1965 to the
UBC board of governors who
finally approved it in October 1969.
The new Sedgewick will have
200,000 books, 1400 study seats and
200 lounge seats. In addition the
Wilson recording library will be
moved out of the main floor of the
main library and expanded in the
new Sedgewick to have 84 listening
stations instead of the 36 it now
To replace the outgoing
libraries, the Fine Arts collection
will be expanded into the Wilson
area and the Asian Studies and
maps collection will be moved
down to the old Sedgewick space.
There are entrances to the new
building at each of its three levels,
including the "roof" which is
actually the main mall. Students
can descend to the top underground floor  from   the  mall,
— kini mcdonald photo
. . brings natural light to study areas
from the grassy slope beside the
mall to the top floor balcony or
enter from the bottom level terrace
below the front of the main library.
The main mall will be dotted
with shrubs in addition to the old
trees along the walkway which
were saved from destruction by
being encased in giant brick
flowerpots. The brick casements-
dive to the bottom floor of the
library where they have been integrated into the design of the
"The trees are in great health"
Stuart-Stubbs says. For anyone
worrying about the trees turning
colour a little early, he says, it is
only because the water supply has
been restricted slightly.
To keep people from falling off
the cliff that has been created on
the mall, a tangle of cottoneaster
has been planted along the edges,
Stuart-Stubbs says.
"The mall before was not much
of a people area but I think this new
mall will fill up with people," he
He points to seating areas, including   the   lips   of   the   tree's
Depts. move
to tower
The 12-storey Buchanan Tower, housing offices for
five departments, opened this summer.
But like the Wally Gage Towers it was accepted
with minor aspects incomplete.
For instance, many door numbers, bookshelves,
and coat hooks are absent. The distinction between
men's and women's toilets is on some levels still
made by the color of the door: blue for men, red or
pink for women.
And after only one day of classes, many students
were heard complaining about the "inefficiency" of
the three elevators — the only alternative to climbing
umcJeen flights of stairs to see professors.
So far there are five,department offices in the new
tower. They are: liistory, economics, French,
English and German. Other departments will move
into these departments' old offices.
flowerpots,  as   enticements   to
Jutting out of the mall are two
semi-cylinders cut on the diagonal,
glassed on one side and solid on the
other. These are skylights, one for
the main stairwell and other to
bring natural light to the bottom
floor, which will house the stacks
and study areas.
People will be able to look up the
latter skylight and see one of the
preserved trees swaying in the
wind, says Stuart-Stubbs.
The solid sides of each skylight
will be covered with bronzed glass
to give a reflective effect from
sunlight, surroundings and
students passing by. They have
also been offset in relation to each
other to retain the view up the mall
of the north shore mountains.
Inside the library, the top floor
will hold a conversation and eating
area, the card catalogues and
circulation desks. There will also
be a set of 10 hexagonal cubicles of
plaster board, with another 16
downstairs, donated by the UBC
Alumni Association, for any use
people can get away with.
The cubicles, which are entered
through an elliptical hole in one
wall, were put in to satisfy the most
oft-received request from students
— somewhere in the library to talk
about their work.
From the top floor one takes the
spiral staircase under the skylight
to the bottom floor. Actually, there
are two staircases in the well
because, Stuart-Stubbs says,
"environmental psychologists told
us people like to have options so we
gave them options."
One set of stairs is wide and the
other is narrow and leads away
from the windows.
Downstairs the stacks will be
placed in the centre of the expansive floor with study carralls,
round tables, square tables and
benches surrounding them. The
benches are upholstered wood with
high backs that form low walls in
zig-zags around the stacks.
Some benches will curve around
the base of the brick flower pots in
the corners of the building,
providing tight, secluded lounge
space for solitary students.
Considering the large amount of
space and services the building
will provide, Stuart-Stubbs says it
is a "cheap, cheap building."
It was designed by a group
project of architects with Rhone
and Iredale of Vancouver who
were given financial restrictions
and necessary services as
guidelines, then free rein to
produce it, says Stuart-Stubbs.
The final outcome of that
process, he says he is very happy
with. But he points to the concrete,
rectangular structure and says, "If
you take a long, hard look at the
structure of the building you can
see it's basically a parking lot."
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arsity Sports
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228-9414 Sat. 9 - 5:30 Page  12
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
"I heartily recommend
that anyone who has
ever stumbled into a
theatre take the time
to experience Jacques Brel"
— Wasserman, Sun
Leon Bibb, Ann Mortifee,
Pat Rose, Ruth Nichol,
Deborah Tompkins and
Frank Hedrick
^o°   _\\&
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Seymour at Davie
Tickets: Every Tuesday-Wednesday & Thursday 3-50 (students 2-50)
Friday & Saturday 400
Tickets available at:
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Eaton's, Union Jacks & Jeans, Planetarium
and the Butcher Shoppe (Tsawwassen Town Centre} Tooftf ic my first prv of uNivaearv.
and iwth€r w weft-Y »pweiew«ve.
Lrst Night shc- took me flsiPC
Pfice on eftmpiu...»
Stte s«id THftT THaec wiu fee
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th€W t*»iu sre»t my viksmity
tuHau rw wor Loaiaw* .»• itf€
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Sue  tocc. Me that tms
useb AS an instrument of
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Radicals who will plot to
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Whitewashes of the university and its
functions have often been perpetrated on
students by the ruling powers on this
One example is the Lifesaver '72 guide
given to students by the flacks at UBC
Information Services. In 28 pages, there is
not a single critical comment on the
Another example is the UBC Alumni
Chronicle, which last year suppressed a
reply to a whitewash of the UBC board of
governors. The reply by Don Cameron, a
former journalist for MacLean's and the
CBC, was later published in The Ubyssey.
Since the publication of the article, Jan.
4, 1972 the composition of the board of
governors has changed. Art Fouks, John
Liersch, Donovan Miller and Walter
Koerner resigned this summer.
However, it is reprinted here to give
students an idea as to who controls the
university and to show what can be done
when so-called informational articles are
examined critically.
"Dance," said John Liersch. Eyes
glazed, faintly smiling, Alex Volkoff
rose and began to sway in time with
the music.
"Okay," Liersch nodded, turning
off the record player. "Now climb
that tree."
As Volkoff's fingers clutched the
rough welts of bark, Liersch turned to
Walter Koerner.
"What do you think?"
"Not bad," Koerner grinned. "Not
bad at all."
Volkoff was back. Liersch gestured
hypnotically, the Mandrake of the
power elite.
"Your critical faculties are
asleep," he intoned. "Your critical
faculties are asleep. Your critical
faculties are asleep."
"My critical faculties are asleep,"
smiled Volkoff.
"Fine," said Liersch. "Now go
write your article."
I mean, what else can explain it? Alex
Volkoff is no dummy: she writes of Harry
Adaskin with enthusiasm and skill, and of
Ihe new student government at UBC with
engaging skepticism. But in "Board of
Governors: the Closed Doors Hide No
Ogres" (UBC Alumni Chronicle, August)
she just smiles and smiles.
Setting out to show, for some perverse
reason, that the board is not "a university
bogeyman . . . keeping a careful eye on
education for Uncle Cece", she makes
numerous claims which her own evidence
plus a minimum of research show to be
quite untrue. The board members are not
"governors", she says, but rather more
like "administrative assistants". Then she
outlines the board's responsibilities: all
university appointments, establishment
and maintenance of buildings, preparation
and adoption of both capital and current
budgets, student fees and restriction of
Assistants? To whom — God?
Then she outlines the composition of the
board: Walter Gage, two lawyers and a
judge, a housewife and six businessmen.
"Nearly half," chirps Volkoff, "are not
businessmen." Which seems a singular
way of saying that the businessmen hold
an absolute majority on the board.
Moreover the housewife is a daughter of
the late George Cunningham, who built up
one of the largest — perhaps the largest —
chain of retail drug stores in Canada. Not
one member of the board comes from
outside British Columbia's ruling elite.
Where are the fishermen and farmers and
schoolteachers and clerks whose taxes pay
for the blasted place? For that matter,
where are the professions other than law?
Where is agriculture? Where are the
academics: could no professor at Simon
Fraser or UVic add lustre to the UBC
board? Where is labor?
Labor's absence, at least, is explained.
The university woiild like, Volkoff notes,
"more respentatives of labor." Well,
splendid: it could hardly have less. "But
frankly," concedes UBC deputy president
Bill Armstrong, "this is not acceptable to
the provincial government." Why the provincial government should worry its lead
head about such a pack of eunuchs — or
"administrative assistants" — Volkoff
never makes clear. And one wonders a
good deal about the integrity of a
university which truckles to a yahoo
government even on such small matters as
Armstrong also believes faculty
members should keep their noses out of
what doesn't concern them. "People with
vested interests." he declares, "should not
sit on the board." Fine: but what's sauce
for the faculty is sauce for the president,
who is also a university employee and does
sit on the board.
The people without "vested interests"
who now fill the board turn out to include
officers of Canadian Forest Products,
Rayonier Canada, Canada Fishing
Company and MacMillion and Bleedall,
not to mention the former Miss Cunningham. The terms in which they are
described are warm: one is "a quiet
professional", and another "a brisk,
businesslike and affable lawyer"; others
are variously described as "colorful",
"extroverted", and "charming". It sounds
like the guest at the Last Supper.
But who are these people "competent in
money matters"? What kinds of interests
do they represent? I have only one power-
research tool with me in my Nova Scotia
hideaway, the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics' (remember that phrase?) Intercorporate Ownership, which reports
that Walter Koerner's Rayonier "Canada"
is 99.9 per cent owned by the American
parent company. Koerner, then, is the
figurehead of a U.S. branch plant.
John Liersch, past chairman of the UBC
board, is vice-president of Canadian
Forest Products, which in turn is part of a
bewildering conglomeration of companies
which connects at several points with
Crown Zellerbach. For example, Liersch's
company is owned 21.1 per cent by Canfor
Building Products Ltd., 12.5 per cent by
Stave Lake Cedar. 26.9 per cent by Spring
Creek Logging, 26.9 per cent by Canfor
Holdings Co. Ltd. and 12.5 per cent by
Consolidated Timber. But Stave Lake
Cedar, Consolidated Timber and Spring
Creek Logging are all more than 30 per
cent owned by Canfor Building Products.
And all three are also more than 30 per
cent owned by Canfor Holdings. Consolidated Timber owns 29 per cent of
Spring Creek, while Spring Creek, not to be
outdone, owns 33 per cent of Consolidated
Timber as well as 33 per cent of Stave Lake
Cedar. Stave Lake Cedar owns 100 per cent
of Canfor Ltd. and 40 per cent of City
Realty Holdings. What is City Realty
Holdings? I don't know — but I am made
curious by the fact that two chunks of 10
per cent each of City Realty Holdings are
owned by two numbered National Trust
Company accounts. And —
Well, the hell with it. You can look up the
rest for yourself in Complex 256 of Intercorporate Ownership. No doubt all this
was set up so that full taxes would be paid
on every buck earned by the group,
though. Corporation people are so public-
spirited, after all.
Allan McGavin board chairman, is the
McGavin bakeries fellow; and his company is now meshed into the national
corporate structure. McGavin Toast-
master Ltd. is owned by Ogilvie Flour
Mills and Maple Leaf Mills Ltd. Ogilvie
Flour Mills, however, is 99.7 per cent
owned by John Labatt Ltd. and other
companies in the Ogilvie group include
Catelli, Ault Cheese, Habitant Ltd. and
Canada Grain Export. What do all these
companies actually do? Apparently
Volkoff didn't inquire, and I can't — but
some other troublemaker should.
What kind of person sits on the board?
What is their record on pollution?
MacMillion and Bleedall has a New
Brunswick subsidiary, Rothesay-
MacMillan, which pours muck into the
Little River and was scathingly denounced
by the former chairman of the provincial
water authority. Its management refuses
even to discuss pollution control with
reporters unless they agree in advance to
have their copy edited by the company.
Even on the east coast we hear rumblings
from SPEC about the company's
operations in B.C. Its representative on the
Tuum Est, 2
Tuesday, September 12, 1972 Who
These people do
& Department of Education
PAUL PLANT, lumber
WALTER GAGE, UBC president
Three more governors will be elected by senate
this fall.
Liaison between senate and board of governors. A member of both.
Administers academic affairs;
Head of most non-academic services.
1 chancellor
1 president
1 registrar
1 librarian
4 govt, appointees
3 alumni
13 deans
15 members at large
43 faculty
12 students
Makes all academic decisions,
subject to ratification by
Board of Governors, including
policy on admissions and
enrolment, and decisions on
courses and curriculum.
Three students will be elected
in the fall.
FACULTIES—arts, science, engineering, medicine, law,
commerce, agriculture, forestry, nursing, dentistry, education,
physical education, and numerous schools.
DEPARTMENTS—each  discipline within the faculties has its
own department, with a department head and several profs.
Under White:
Physical Plant—Nevil Smith
Food Services—Ruth Blair
Bookstore—Bob Smith
Traffic & Patrol—J. H. Kelly
Personnel—John McLean
Under Gage:
Library-Basil Stuart-Stubbs
Housing—Les Rohringer
Ceremonies—Malcolm McGregor
Health Services-Dr. A. W. Johnson
These people run everything except the
classes. They cook the food, treat disease
slap tickets on cars and empty ashtrays.
You will be constantly amazed at how
much their actions affect your life.
UBC   board   is   vice-president   Richard
What are the relationships between
these companies and government? Are
they the subject of consumer complaints,
and if so, for what? How many of them are
unionized? What kinds of conditions and
pay prevail in their plants? What kinds of
"incentives" do they get from public
money? Are any of them monopolistic? Do
they go in for price-fixing? These may be
highly respected citizens, these administrative assistants, but should they
be? We can't know unless we examine the
performance of the enterprises they direct
— and Volkoff isn't looking into anything
beyond personality.
Consider, for instance, Donovan Miller,
president of the Canadian Fishing Company and "a reserved man in his third
term on the board." Despite its name,
Canadian Fishing Company is a wholly-
owned subsidiary of the New England Fish
Company, which makes Miller the local
manager of a component of the American
economic empire. (Make that "a running
dog of Yankee imperialism". No, on
.second thought, don't: it might lead people
to charge that I reveal a most unscholarly
lack of objectivity. Volkoff's article,
however, is both "objective" and "non-
controversial", two pluses for her.)
Donovan Miller's devotion to the public
interest is well-known in Nova Scotia,
where his company was dickering with the
government to take over the plant and
equipment of Acadia Fisheries, a British-
owned firm which went bankrupt after
fighting a seven-month strike rather than
allow its fishermen to join the United
Fishermen and Allied Workers' Union —
or the "West Coast Union", to use the
scornful phrase applied to it by the companies and the Nova Scotia press. The
provincial government has about $9
million in Acadia, including $6 million in
the plant alone, and Acadia owed the town
of Canso $117,000 in back taxes, which
presumably can be kissed off forever.
Although the government and the
company were never able to come to
terms. Miller's company initially proposed
that the government likewise kiss off its
investment and simply hand the plant
To its credit, the government told the
company to get stuffed. Failing that,
Canadian Fishing wanted its repayment of
the loans to be tied to the amount of fish
caught — sort of a corporate guaranteed
annual income, and with an arrangement I
invite you to try out with your own banker.
(Gosh, Royal Bank, it's mean of you to
take $83 a month on my car, no matter
what.) While the talks with Canadian
Fishing continued, Canso's workers
remained jobless for two months and
more, with the government telling them
that expressions of unhappiness such as
demonstrations tended to jeopardize
negotiations. Canadian Fishing Company
was said to be insisting on "a stable labor
situation" as precondition of taking over
the plant, and of course any deal was going
to be contingent on a welfare payment
from the department of regional economic
No wonder Donovan Miller is "reserved".
I have been away from British Columbia
since 1964, and I have no idea what the
concrete results of the board's make-up,
are, in the same way that I could not
document the fact that the B.C. courts are
handmaidens of the government and
corporations. (I can — have — for the
Maritimes, as others have for various
parts of the United States. But I am certain
there are consequences: programs in
labor historyxwhich somehow got stalled
forever as they went up the ladder for
approval, or visiting professors for which
funds could never be found, or promotion
and tenure decisions delayed by a year or
two. ("Yes, yes, I know he's published in
Monthly Review, but that's hardly an
organ of unbiased scholarship, is it?")
These are not consequences of the
Canadian university, of which they are a
part. Our universities exist to provide the
kind of knowledge and the kinds of
professionals required by business and
government. We have faculties of commerce and law, not faculties of labor and
organizing. We talk about how the
economic system "works", not about the
fact that it obviously doesn't work and
should be replaced. We produce social
workers rather than social animators. The
composition of the board of governors is
perfectly consonant with the functions of
the university as a whole.
Try to imagine a board which included
Homer Stevens, the tough and experienced
marxist president of the United Fisherman and Allied Workers; and Grace
Mclnnis, NDP Member of Parliament for
Vancouver-Kingsway and the most
militant of Indian and Chinese leaders in
the province; and a couple of militant
clergy plus, say, a Saul Alinsky and
Kathleen Aberle. But the very idea of a
controversial board is a contradiction in
terms. The board exists to manage the
university on behalf of the existing system
of power relationships, not to go around
stirring up trouble and encouraging people
to examine awkward realities.
But wait. Perhaps I am being unfair.
Doctrinaire. Ungenerous. Reflex
radicalism confronts knee-jerk liberalism,
a stale scenario.
Don't forget, says Volkoff, that being a
board member is hard work. Lawyer Art
Fouks says he spends a full day every
week on university business, poor fellow,
and he doesn't get paid. Volkoff commiserates. It's "time spent away from a
lucrative job." So why does he do it?
Well, cynics might suggest that before
anyone dares answer that question he
should go over whatever he can get hold of
in the line of university financial records
and see who does the university's legal
work, and what relation there is between
the interests of Canadian Forest Products,
Rayonier Canada, MacMillion and
Bleedall and the kind of research that does
or doesn't seem to be encouraged in
forestry, biology, law, economics and the
like. He ought to look up the Directory of
Directors to see what other companies
have these uncles on their boards, and
what business if any they do with the
university. He ought to check to see how
many past board members and colleagues
of board members have been awarded
honorary degrees. He ought to look at the
movement between university positions
and positions in business, the provincial
government and the bench. He ought to
estimate the extent to which service on the
board brushes up both the corporate and
the personal image, and helps confirm that
one of what UBC's academic planner, Dr.
Robert Clark, describes as "a person
highly regarded in the community", which
may be roughly translated as "a person
who is recognized by the provincial elite as
one of themselves."
But even if relations between the board
members and the university turn out to be
as clean and sweet as the smell of a dew-
topped rosebud, the point remains that
when a class sets out to run a society, it has
to undertake to run its constituent parts,
too, and to convince the public (with the
help of certain kinds of journalists) that it
really acts in the public interest, that it
really deserves to retain the power it has
gained. "The average taxpayer," opines
Volkoff, "trusts the business board
member much more readily than he does
the academics." Maybe — although the
average citizen often surprises the authors
of these glib comments. But if he does trust
these people, it's because he has been fed a
line of propaganda by the commercial
media. Donovan Miller's company is
asking Nova Scotians for between six and
ten million tax dollars in order to earn a
profit for some American entrepreneurs.
And we're supposed to regard the fellow as
an impeccable custodian of public funds,
uniquely qualified to manage $60 million a
year of our hard-earned dollars. Need
someone to guard the chicken coop. Ask
the fox. i
Eleven personalities, says Volkoff,
operating "on individual strengths and
weaknesses." Gosh, just plain folks.
"They are simply a group of 11 individuals
looking after the mechanics of operating a
university, leaving the academics free to
get on with the process of education."
And Volkoff knows the real reason Art
Fouks spends all that lucrative time for
nothing. "Their motivations," she marvels, "are simply a desire to look after the
welfare of the old Alma Mater — "Kind of
brings a lump to your throat, doesn't it?
". . . and," continues our informant, "a
pure love of business."
Yes. Yes, indeed. About as pure as they
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Tuum Est, 3 AVs the province of B.C. gradually moved
from a no-holds-barred frontier region into
the 20th century,- she found, a class of
entrepreneurs and their families grew up
which felt the need to adopt the accoutrements of Eastern "civilization".
This, naturally, included formal
education, and public and high schools
made their appearance in B.C. in the mid-
eight een-hundreds. But it was not until the
province became part of Canada that the
idea of a provincial university began to be
bandied about, and, characteristically, the
first classes met about 45 years later in
In 1914, construction began on what is
now the old wing of the chemistry building
on main mall, but the war intervened and
the steel skeleton sat barren among the
trees for eight years.
Academic planning began in 1906, under
the wing of Montreal's McGill University.
Despite the war and despite no facilities.
:i79 students and the university president
Dr. Frank Wesbrook declared themselves
in class on Sept. 30, 1915. Another 56
students registered their spiritual
presence from the trenches of France.
The tradition of making do with old huts
started then too. Point Grey was still
mostly woods, so the university' was
temporarily located in the Fairview
shacks on the Vancouver General Hospital
Although paid for out of the tax money of
all the people, UBC was from the very
start a sort of playground for the children
of the province's elite. At first there were
no luition fees, although in those days it
wasn't every family that could afford to
keep one of its able-bodied daughters Olsons while he or she was at university,
when they could be bringing home much-
needed bread. A glance at the composition
ol the first board oi governors shows that it
established a tradition of drawing the
university's policy-makers from the ranks
of Ihe province's lawyers, doctors,
politicians and social climbers. Only two
representatives of organized labor - the
closest thing the board ever got to a
spokesman lor the workers of the
province have ever sat on the board and
there has been none since 1959.
The first fees — $40 a year for all
students --• were levied in 1920-21. and
since that year they've risen steadily to the
present outrageous proportions. Despite
their more-than-adequate compulsory
contribution to the university's operation,
students have volunteered more than five
per cent of the total capital development.
Because students, young impetuous
idealists that they are. quite regularly get
fed up with bureaucracy and the vote-
getting machinations of liberal politicians,
they have occasionally taken things into
their own hands. Perhaps unexpectedly,
they translated the theory of the university
motto Tuum Est or it's up to you — into
practice. Recent manifestations ot this
tradition, include the national student's day
march six years ago. a housing tent-in and
money march to Victoria in 1967. a faculty
club occupation in 1968, and this
vear . . . whatever is necessary.
lut back to history. The tradition was
set in 1922, when the utter inadequacy of
Fairview shacks forced classes into tents,
a church basement, an attic and
privatehomes. Construction had not
resumed on Point Grey — no money, what
else — and the 1,200 students resolved to do
something about it.
Door to door canvassing, work at the
PNE and in downtown Vancouver, and
then a burst of energy during Varsity
Week, Oct. 22 to 29, gathering 56,000
signatures demanding action to 'Build
And on Saturday, Oct. 28, 1922, the Great
Trek was on. A parade with 35 floats
marched from Main along Hastings to
Granville and up to Davie St. Only 1,100
students took part, as many as ferried to
Victoria to rally on the steps in 1967. The
1,100 represented nearly the whole student
From Davie they travelled to Tenth and
Sasamat, the end of the old street car line,
and hiked on the old logging road that is
today University Boulevard and only
slightly less bumpy. In front of the science
building shell, each Trekker placed a stone
and built the Great Cairn.  Now totally
buried in ivy, the Cairn still stands on Main
Mall as a monument to student action.
Unlike in recent years, the public
pressure paid off. On Nov. 2, 1922, $1.5
million was voted by the province to
continue construction of UBC at Point
In succeeding years, students initiated
and often paid for building improvements
at UBC. An early gymnasium. Brock Hall,
a Second World War armorv. the present
War Memorial Gym. Sherwood Lett House
and a $5 million mortgaged Student Union.
Building monstrosity are all .student
Louring these years, the university was
cementing itself in the niche of North
American academia. It developed strong
agriculture, forestry and geology
departments, in line with the requirements
of the primary resource industry. Its
medical school became respected among
doctors the world over. Its chemists
combined previously incompatible
elements, its anthropologists recorded the
customs of little-known peoples and its
commerce graduates became the- barons
of B.C. industry. But the class composition
of the student body remained essentially
the same. It costs money to go to school,
and we all know who has the money and
who doesn't.
The tradition of student action at UBC
has largely, until the past few years, been
based on the theory that more facilities are
better facilities, that a large capital expansion program and a better education
are synonymous.
In 1962, Harvard dental college head Dr.
John B. Macdonald followed Wesbrook,
Dr. Leonard Klinck and Dr. Mackenzie to
become the university's fourth president.
Macdonald began his tenure by conducting
a study of the future of higher education
needs in the province, released early in
1963 as the Macdonald Report.
When it appeared as though the
provincial government might not act on
Macdonald's recommendations, the
student body swung into action to Back
Mac', to agitate and petition throughout
B.C. for the founding of additional
universities and regional colleges — the
process currently under way.
The aim of the B
been to ensure th;
higher educational
to meet the need
campaign and ens
the Socreds succee
one: the evolution
provincial financis
commission to ens
all the province's
But the situation
Premier Bennett's
to turn the colleges
schoools — educs
young people who
university or can':
This sort of deve
realization that _
da mental than the
be mentioned. T
campaign was folio
Student Day, when
through Vancouvt
universal acces
In 1966, the issue
of accommodation
nearby parts of the
a tent camp in mai
issue, petitioned th
city council to stay
and Point Grey- i
complied, and exte
oratorium by one y
renewed several ti;
■o support Macd
against his wishe
marched to Vict
University of Victoi
high school studer
steps for a better
government   did  r
Alternate bookstore ... a student co-op, 1971
Tuum Est, 4
Tuesday, September 12, 1972 Mac campaign had
lere was sufficient
ant in the province
' the people. The
; barrages against
in all respects but
workable federal-
rmula and grants
enough money for
a different turn for
Ernment attempted
vocational training
al cul-de-sacs for
1't afford to go to
jet the ever-rising
lent has led to the
..thing more fun-
: of buildings must
the Back Mac
in 1965 by National
30 people marched
;treets supporting
lity     to     higher
. a severe shortage
he campus and in
r. Students created
all to publicize the
tizenry, and asked
closing of Kitsilano
al suites. Council
d its illegal suite
— which has been
Id again, although
students in 1967
i to rally with
Simon Fraser and
on the legislative
versity deal. The
comply,   and   the
General meeting .. . record crowd, 1967
to be
it is
decreasing value of protest marches
signifies a need for a new kind of direct
action which will yield results.
Education Minister Les Peterson at first
told march planners he would not speak to
the assembled horde. When his duty to
meet 2,500-strong delegations of citizens
massed on the castle steps was pointed
out, he acquiesced and granted a brief
The student aim has remained the same
since 1922: make the best UBC for the most
people. That aim has created the need for
student action.
And student action — though of a
somewhat different type — is what has
been happening for the past four or five
The history of student action over the
last couple of years has been a history of
the student left. It is the left that has
launched the attacks in the past and it is
the left that will continue to battle society
and the system in an attempt to prevent
the destruction of mankind.
Thus the image of universities lately is
one characterized by the words on the
radio and in the papers — radical, activist,
occupation, sit-in, and so on. UBC is a
conservative campus, but the fight does
exist here.
The first tangible victory of the left at
UBC came in the fall of 1967 with the
student senate elections.
■he previous spring had finally seen the
realization of a campaign for student
senators to at least make the student voice
heard among the voices of faculty
members, businessmen and others who
traditionally sit on senate and dictate how
the university is to be run.
Four students, it was agreed, would sit
with the 80 members then in office.
The winners of that election — Gabor
Mate, Kirsten Emmott, Ray Larsen and
Mark Waldman — where with the possible
execption of grad student representative
Waldman radicals. The three undergrad
senators had campaigned on the issue of
ending senate secrecy. They were called
But senate secrecy did not immediately
end. At least not the satisfaction of the
three undergrad senators. By January
they had called a student rally to decide
whether or not they should resign because
the senate was ignoring them. What
eventually resulted was'a student-senate
meet and the beginning of a dialogue.
What the whole issue of student senators
and senate secrecy served to do was to
point out the extent of the struggle that lay-
ahead. It did little else. The tokenistic
nature of the student representation on
senate was recognized from the start. All
that could happen was that students would
realize that tougher tactics would have to
be employed. Since the real power is with
the board of governors, which still meets
in secret, it is unlikely that the 12 students
now on senate will be able to produce any
real change. The task for student action in
the next few years is solving that problem.
The second radical victory of the 1967-68
term came with the AMS elections in the
spring.   A  radical  slate   running   on   a
platform of radical action was swept into
Unfortunately, those radicals were not
prepared to deal with the unwieldy AMS
and university structure. Before the year
was out, one had been forced to resign, two
had quit in frustration and disappointment, and one had changed from his
campaign platform to become part of the
Turn to Page 6: Apathy
Clock tower... a legacy
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Tuum Est. 5 Apathy haunts AMS
ama'ingabSof Z T^d out *e
capital L( toml nbt6rals'many of them
UBC'sstue eoundSl ^ grasP °n
course, can be taken with"1 C0Uncils< of
looked at with a Sin f grain of salt or
one pre ers rS LC6d eye' whichever
done'anithing^d UBC's^ ^^
exception. BC s has been no
stepping stone tn -        y re§arded as a
unsurprising^ s SnfStabllshment. And,
"sed by unfverstv "d'°Un?1Shavebeen
too.toLepstSSre'-T/r ** *
me g'ving them the impression 2 t^™6
J- some eontrol ov^^^g
technicality even tho/ihh8 ^lm on a
votes than his onh, n^g he.g0t l>m mo™
their way the Kalf" °Tthey »*
hands of the adminkiatP ayed into the
Portunity, opSSne p " at CVery °P"
manifestation of ft„H ? sPontaneous
Proposing no soLtS T TTest wh»e
themselves "S t0 the Problems
■ remnants of the past
'hen 2,500 students at thQ •    »•
U-S-   radical   "nd   Chh   mStlgationof
member JeVRUbin^g° hC»nsPira^
faculty club in October T^h T° the
aUnight party ins de  J       3nd held an
significant.   it SL£f "* S3W k as a
discontent and SnS aT^0"  °f
lives   are   control Th       7ay 0Ur
Professors,     b?rea brats'   °^n   7
mmistrators aul-idis     and     ad-
v^uS^^^-ned its ■'ad-
fact that stuSh7n r aPPlauded the
sort of acSon other ?ha,ly*utaken some
fruitless protest mSr cheX t e"dless'
council, led by Zirnh^t }h& Student
entire incident out of ft condemned the
with the SffiiSon ■andC°-°perated
"teach-in" wh.Vh       °    In sP°nsoring a
sorbing the discontenf"^ °nly in ab
master-servant clas a."d reasser«ng the
which pervades S^^*"**
sal a'surgfoTstud^nTu ""^ h—,
Canada. A 2^\l" ^t'" the rest or
o-upation,  JLS^^Z't
Gilding S^suppor VofrSy administration
freer, less ins2 aftm     demands f°r a
SFU. President Kenn^hS10s"S ^Hcy at
quickly, bringing RCMP „ a"d acted
having in arrested Campus and
*£££. ,sr irirrnated -
refusal to act orcharS'"f1"3"0"'8 utW
a biology 9roflZ7,%tr6?£ ^
computer centre - an „»r $2 milhon
VKC administrators a °n Which §ave
"hich they stil^Sn^e^rS ^
in office. He nev^afd h°"ly SeVen month*
^SS^.KiL'*" -t work
n°t enough money K?^ °f UBC ~
government, et cetera     „ .",ll\.Pr°vincial
temperament. Hare WpI"1 hlS delicate
Gage, whose adSi tra ° "* is Walter
the.   do-nothing      do^wn'ir8^ of
variety. 6'     aon t-rock-the-boat
Through 1969-70  at IIRC   n,     ■
remained quiet The h»«w' lhe sltuation
2Pd the student >SreSnSh ^ Set in
Eraser Hodge's Son prepared to let
tradition of inaction Carry   on   the
te^'tg^*^ «**„**
atomic bomb test in ?£,na1 t0 protest an
There were abou oSo sh h UUan Islands-
others. But the J,'!? *tudents and 2,000
didn't.acA?;^^^il leader,
they just wanted to mil border ~
reported and filmed * sPeeches, be
the^iratiletr" T headed «*
Canada wafbe^rrerouTed^H6 traffic to
rest of the liberals ri0,'^H°,dge and the
The breakaway gtuJwaS their aCtion
something home to 7rZ trying to b"ng
that Canadians are gT1Can motorists -
government scavalie?attitguHir?d °f their
country.  But the 1a   \ ude toward our
couldn't see that fUtS!nt C0Uncil  types
trying to loolXpoX^ t0° busy
than teaching JbiH?S;°fcr°nysim rather
conns:Se19^XSttUd^ntS retU™ed *e
headed thi    time ?v% C°alition   slate,
Undergratuate SocSv n^^ Engineer
Aldridge With a 1   y   President   Doug
wheel, two o$Lu™ gove™ment at th!
, The' UbyslV puWiSZdZed t0 the 'ore?
lastyear faee«aw °,    . d th"ce weekly
it toyone'ediUoSnawSievtCUtth3t Wi" Hmit
upcoming referendum d °n in an
Tuum Est, S
the t^ail^rr ^ ^ ^^
half the exLuhveeSdhv C°T^ with
had no clear mandatp fn ^ acclamation,
they didn't    mandate to do anything. So
Hu^ntotrnren^8^ ta the radi-l
Steve Garrod %h« P3rty' headed by
bookstore in SURh,/ °Pened a co-op
alternate ood servi^"}' tP°nsored an
series of Candad?annn.tndi)rought in a
a readings in SUB     G   3nd Speakers for
But the executive resigned aftQ
of    non-confidence     n er a vote
referendum,   held   in   L/"    °Ctober
campaign proS Pmg   with   a
runnTngtTheX^e >*?****  aga-st
Student CoaHUon, Sltt^' a"d the
srisreat' --tes^-
tenurehassles involving arS  a. Series of
- the En^ra^^*^
The^niveS^tS16 "^ °f refo™-
the board of governors ^ ^ COntro1 of
Porate businessmen ! „' group of cor-
preserve the staTUS „u ><t main aim is to
to discourage any aSS^ Tey) and
«»ght threaten ^he ™*L*[?form that
socety that allowed hem tnKStL and the
interest. ° them to build up those
Pe^uat^^^^-ation but the
^signed to program ^ltyJ Systei*
become tools mSZs ?t'duals to
-driers of the ^K ^."ffX
long will stuffs TlZ^ lt\n°w
bus.nessmen dictate to th Cl and let
education they e 1 *m *e ^ of
will it be before hey wanM6 H?W lon8
Proverbial Zry tower ^ Sit in the
ignore the cryinLeeTf and. attempt to
the city beyoyndgthedatersf Cialchangei«
972 The campus revolution
The who
the why
Why do people become revolutionaries?
It's an important question. Sooner or
later every student in contemporary
Canada has to come to grips with it,
whether or not he or she is conscious of
doing so. It's sort of a duty to understand
what's going on around you, and part of the
campus scene at UBC is people who
believe the economic and political system
under which we live should be changed,
non-violently if possible but violently if
Something is wrong when unemployment averages around seven per cent
of the work force and one-quarter of the
population of Canada lives below the
ridiculously low figure the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics sets as the poverty
line. In a country as rich as Canada there
js no excuse for people having to go
without essential needs.
And there has to be something fundamentally wrong with a type of economy
which does not permit you to enrich
yourself and society by getting a job but
rather, keeps you unemployed because its
economic cycles dictate that there is no
work for you.
The type of economy we have is also the
prime factor in Canada's subservience to
the United States. Figures on the foreign
control of our economy are by now
familiar to everyone. It is the private
ownership of Canada's major resources
and industry which -has allowed individuals to sell our country.
At this stage, there is no chance of
buying back what has already been sold.
The amount of money involved is far too
vast. There are thus only two options
remaining, continued bootlicking or a
socialist takeover of industry. Take your
The contradictions of our present
economy are naturally creating problems
at the university level: The meal ticket for
life we were promised at the end of four
years of college is turning out to be worthless. MAs and PhDs, let alone mere
bachelor degree holders, are going jobless.
Many students are unable to find enough
work during the summer to support them
through the university year, which is at
least partially a cause of declining
enrolments at universities across Canada.
Now that we've presented some of the
problems, we will give what we think are
valid solutions. No doubt you will find what
you think are flaws in the theory.
However, if or when you do, stop and ask
yourself if what we've got now is any
The fundamental idea behind revolution
is to build a better existence, both
qualitatively and quantitatively. To do
this, most revolutionaries see the
necessity of changing the economic
There are good reasons for this.
Economic systems are concerned with the
distribution of materials. Material needs
(food, etc.) are basic to human activity.
In other words, our basic activities are
centred around changing our surroundings
i.e. our material surroundings, our
relations with people around us etc., in
order to satisfy our needs.
It would be false to say, however, that
people's surroundings are the only things
changed by people's actions on them.
People themselves are changed by their
mode of dealing with their surroundings.
Your attitudes to a large extent are
determined by where you work, what type
of society you live in and so on. At this
point you may ask: "But what about
human nature. Doesn't it have an effect on
how people live?"
Although there are all kinds of people
trying to prove otherwise, it is very
doubtful that human nature plays a
dominant role in how society operates.
People behave as they do because they
have learned to behave that way.
History is full of examples of warlike
tribes conquering peaceful ones. Why was
one tribe warlike and the other peaceful?
In nearly every case, because the peaceful
people had enough material goods to
satisfy their needs while the warlike tribes
didn't. The warmongers learned to be
aggressive in order to satisfy their needs.
A recent example is that of the "stone
age" Tasaday tribe discovered last
summer in the Philippines. The tribe,
which had had no contact with white men
Amchitka protests . .. border confrontation, 1971
or even other rain forest people, had never
heard of war. Its members did not even
fight among themselves.
So much for the "human nature" theory
of aggression.
Even in the animal kingdom, changes in
the survival process can have the effect of
abolishing aggressive tendencies which
were once thought to be unchangeable.
Experiments have shown that it is possible
to get cats and rats to live together
peacefully provided they are trained early
enough and the obtaining of food by both
animals is based on co-operation. Experiments of the same kind have been
successfully carried out with all classes of
vertebrates, including fish, and who would
claim that man is incapable of adaptation
and acquisition of different habits such as
are within the scope of fish, rats and cats?
It follows that economic factors have a
great deal to do with the way people
behave toward each other. For example, if
an economic system requires distrust,
greed and indifference to human suffering
in order for its participants to survive, it's
no surprise that the result is a greedy,
distrustful and callous people.
Our lives are affected by all this because
under the present economic system the
profit motive and not the common good
determines the development of our
technological and cultural institutions. In
the economic sphere, this means only
primary industry is developed in B.C.
because it is cheaper for the domestic and
foreign owners of the resource industry to
process goods elsewhere, even though
development of secondary industry in B.C.
would employ thousands of people
presently out of work.
In the cultural sphere, it means
universities become places where young
people are salted away, either for future
use as a cheap labor pool when they find
their degrees are economically worthless,
or for training which by and large enables
them to assist those Who seek profit at the
expense of others rather than helping
people fulfill their human needs.
Universities, too, receive money from
large corporations, some of which is used
Io research new, better«tnd subtler ways
of maximizing profits.
The problem is (o find an economic
system that does not- create hostile
relationships between people and nations.
To most revolutionaries, this means
The variations of socialism are endless,
depending on conditions in different areas.
You have to look around and decide with
whom you agree.
The next step is to put the theory into
practice. There are almost as many approaches to this as there are
revolutionaries, but generally those with a
similar approach band together in some
form of organization. At UBC, all such
groups operate under completely
democratic principles, although some are
more democratic than others.
Turn to page 8: LEFT
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Tuum Est, 7 Left-wing groups at UBC
From page 7
To find out more about the theory and
practice of the left, try talking with the
people behind the various literature tables
in SUB. They're approachable (naturally,
as they're trying to recruit you) and you'll
learn a lot. It's a good idea, though, not to
sign on the clotted line until you know
exactly what's going on.
In the past one of the more noticeable
groups were the Canadian Student
Movement, alias the Communist Party of
Canada (MarxistLeninist), the Afro-Asian
People's Solidarity Movement and many,
many more. They were commonly known
as ravers and were chiefly distinguished
by their ultra-sectarianism and their
extreme rhetoric ("Kill the running dog
lackeys" etc. etc.). To capsulate their
program, they attempted to import
Chinese Cultural Revolution into Canada
which was responded to by nausea or
horse laughs, depending on how you
viewed the group.
Now we can get into the present tense.
To give the group credit they have seen the
error of their ways and are now as
wholesome as a helping of Mao Tse-tung
Thought. The CSMers can often be found in
the Cecil Hotel beer parlor, quietly
discussing their politics with the patrons.
Their policies can still be described as
Maoist but they are no longer obnoxious in
presenting their views.
The Industrial Workers of the World, or
Wobblies as its members are often called
1 ask one sometime why he/she is called a
Wobbly i. attempt to build a new society
within the old by forming trade unions,
etc., under anarchist principles.
Each unit would help support the other
units, the idea being that the growth and
integration of the various units would
eventually displace the present society. An
important feature of this concept, actually
called anarcho-syndicalism, is that
bureaucracy and formal  leadership are
kept to a minimum.
The IWW has a heroic tradition in B.C.
and has done some good things on campus
in the past, particularly the Black Cross
food service, which in recent years sold
good food at cost, thus undercutting the
administration's inflated prices.
The Canadian Party of Labor is chiefly
distinguished by its extreme anti-
nationalism.   It   has   condemned   the
nationalism of the Vietnamese and of
American blacks as '-reactionary" and
insists that all loyalties be along class
lines. Paradoxically, it publishes a
newspaper called Canadian Worker. The
group has tendencies toward Stalinism.
A good point is its strong emphasis on
organizing the working class. The group is
nationwide (with most of its strength in the
Toronto-Hamilton area) and has connections with the Partv of Labor in the
The Young Socialists are commonly
known as --the Trots", which is short for
.Trotskyism They have probably the most
democratic of the Marxist-Leninist
organizations it) Canada. Their parent
group, the League for Socialist Action, has
international connections, and their U.S.
relative, the Young Socialist Alliance, is
the largest radical youth group in that
The YS is a major factor in the anti-war
movement and has an aversion to socialist
The Trots' chief fault is a chronic
inability to work constructively with other
left-wing groups, a failure for which they
are cordially hated by nearly every
commie in Canada. They seem to have the
idea that what's good for the YS is good for
the revolution. Talking to them or visiting
their headquarters at 1208 Granville gives
a good insight into their organization.
Well, thorns the groups. If you don't like
them, by all means form a group of your
own. Who knows, you might even end up on
a central committee somewhere.
.lust remember that all that revolution
means is the building either violently or
non-violently, of a workable human
alternative to the present system. And that
constructing that human alternative
presents a far greater and .more
meaningful challenge than merely
propping up what we've got now.
M___ ^rea.
Reg. 59c   o9'
^    10-SPEED BIKE
Reg.   O /A?ZC
GUESS the number of pills in the jar
see window display.
2nd & 3rd Prizes TIMEX WATCHES
I   Phone: 	
I. ____.------
Winners will be
announced Sept. 17/72
Reg. 98c     T*>
on Prescriptions.
Bring in
your drug
subsidy card.
Reg. $1.10
Good selection of locks,
clocks, lamps, toiletries,
We also stock tennis balls,
face cloths, pipes and
tobacco and UBC
Value Pack
Reg. $1.29
Ask about
Tuum Est, 8
Tuesday, September 12, 1972 Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 21
NDP promises change,
but don't expect miracles
Radical changes have been
proposed for B.C. under its first
New Democratic Party government, but none can be expected
The NDP's election platform, "a
New Deal for People", puts the
human condition before corporate
monopolies and allows the condition to be controlled by the people
it affects.
There is no reason to suspect the
majority of election platforms will
not be fulfilled, although there is
every reason to believe it will take
longer than one term in office to do
Since its founding as the Cooperative Commonwealth
Federation more than 30 years
ago, the NDP has given peopte and
their needs the top priority in party
At least two new provincial
departments are promised under
the New Deal for People — environment and northern affairs.
But it must be remembered that
the 38 MLAs, faced with the
greatest clean-up job in B.C.'s
history, are going to need time to
take the action and to transform
certain general policies into
The two new departments and
the suggestion of a third new
portfolio — Indian affairs — are
just a few of the proposals the 55-
seat legislature will deal with,
probably in its next session.
The proposed department of
environmental quality and planning would have the power to
overrule other department
decisions, to ensure no policy
would have detrimental effects on
the environment.
Premier-elect Dave Barrett, a
social worker by profession and
leader of his party for little more
than a year, has also called for cooperation with Alberta,
Washington and Alaska in
development of environmental
Specifically, the NDP opposes
transporting oil by tanker from
Alaska to Washington state and is
sworn to prevent the Seattle Light
Co. raising the Ross Dam by 123
feet — a move that would cause
eight miles of B.C.'s southern
interior Skagit Valley to be
Barrett has urged development
of the province's natural gas
potential by B.C. Hydro in a gas
pipeline to Vancouver Island. He
has also suggested a thermal
power station at Fernie, in the
Rockies, as a job and power
providing alternative to the Moran
Dam proposal.
But the overall NDP policy is to
give people the opportunity for
active participation in all matters
which affect them.
A northern affairs department
would establish a public air ambulance service for isolated
Efficient resource management
and forcing resource companies to
pay their "fair share" for
'resources taken out of B.C. are
major planks in both the NDP's
environment and secondary industry development programs.
For example, there is currently
no royalty charged on copper ores
exported from B.C. for development — about $128 million in
copper left the province in 1971
with no exportation tax — and the
royalty charged on coal is so small
as to be insignificant.
Barrett estimates $400 million in
non-renewable minerals left B.C.
in 1970, with only a $32 million, or
eight per cent, return to the
He has also suggested a
Canadian Merchant Marine for
exportation of goods, to provide
jobs and keep funds spent on exporting within Canadian pockets.
From the forest industry,
Barrett says, B.C. citizens deserve
more than the one per cent per
. will the people have power?
acre value currently obtained from
tree farm licences held by corporations.
Barrett says he will make it
economically undesirable to export
jobs and resources to other
Financial aid to farms and
ranches to ensure their continued
use for agriculture will also be
provided from the royalties on
exported resources.
Marketing boards would be
broadened and there is a
possibility of a subsidization of
farm workers' wages to encourage
people to get off welfare.
Education taxes would also be
taken off farms, providing additional revenues for farmers.
Native Indians, through a special
program to include legal aid and
counselling, would also be urged to
play a full role in the .provincial
Indian fishermen, who currently
rent boats from fish companies for
an agreement to give the companies the right to first refusal on
their fish, would be granted long-
term, low interest loans to enable
them to buy their own boats.
As part of a provincial Bill of
Rights the B.C. Human Rights Act
would be strengthened to protect
Indians' civil liberties.
Senior citizens would also have
the right to free prescription drugs,
eye glasses and hearing aids, as
well as a guaranteed monthly
income of $200.
Like farmers, senior citizens
would be exempt from paying
school taxes and provincial
education funds would be budgeted
from general revenues rather than
property tax.
School district budgets would be
increased and the new provincial
government proposes to assume
full financial responsibility for
regional and community colleges,
up from the current 60 per cent.     *
Kindergartens, free day care
and special children's programs
would be increased, and a political
education program would be introduced for secondary school
Education and welfare taxes
would be also removed from the
property owner and assessed
according to income. It is normally
at the peak of income earned when
a family has school aged children.
Regional planning boards would
be upgraded and communities,
including one-company towns,
would be guaranteed autonomy in
chosing their own councils:
In Greater Vancouver, the NDP
intends to upgrade the B.C. Hydro
bus service, start rapid transit
planning, create additional
recreational facilities and would
turn the proposed B.C. government
complex ("the Bennett Shaft")
into a downtown park for people.
A low-cost public car insurance
scheme is another plan, aimed at
saving the public money.
Premiums, estimated from
Saskatchewan and Manitoba
where current NDP governments
have enacted such plans, would be
lowered by about 20 per cent.
But Barrett's "New Deal" is
probably best exemplified by the
NDP's policy regarding labor and
The Mediation Commission Act,
with its compulsory arbitration
provisions (Bill 33) would be
scrapped, and the NDP says,
disputes will be settled in a
"flexible and realistic" way.
Barrett has said the government
would intervene in certain cases,
but maintains his party is not the
political arm of the labor
The three-member mediation
commission would be replaced by
individual mediators, who would
work with the labor minister and
would have the power to make
recommendations for settlements.
Employees would have the opportunity to sit on management
boards of the companies for which
they work because, Barrett says,
workers should have the right to
shape their own working conditions.
The NDP has proposed raising
the minimum wage to $2.50 per
hour from $1.50. It is $1.90
B.C.'s incoming government
believes that a decent standard of
living and control over one's own
way of life are rights, not
privileges. These two basic rights,
together, are the underlying theme
in each and every NDP policy.
:>*:-xWx:.:::::::^^ Page 22
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
The First Canadian Bank
Bank of Montreal
The two "Campus Branches" of the Bank of Montreal take great pleasure
in welcoming new and returning students to U.B.C.
For your convenience we
are located as shown:
fcciM    iofft Ai/g"
Bank of Montreal offers complete banking services. For example:
REGULAR SAVINGS ACCOUNT — Currently at 23A% interest rate. Cheque writing permitted.
No service charge for personal withdrawals. 20c for each cheque issued with free items
granted for certain amounts on deposit.
TRUE SAVINGS ACCOUNT — Pays 4% interest at this time. Cheques can not be issued on
these accounts, however, personal withdrawals can be made without charge.
TRUE CHEQUING ACCOUNT — No interest paid. Service charge is 14* for each cheque or
personal withdrawal. Personalized cheques and a wallet are provided free of charge.
A statement is mailed to you monthly along with your cancelled cheques.
CANADA STUDENT LOANS — We have a separate department at our Student Union Building
Branch with expert personnel who can process your loan with a minimum of delay.
PERSONAL LOANS — Short of money? Come and see us. Many times we can help you through
the rough spots.
We also sell money orders, travellers' cheques, term deposit receipts, bonds, money
transfers to other countries, et cetera!
These are just a few of many services we provide. If you have any questions please
do not hesitate to call on us. Our hours are as follows:—
MON. THRU THURS. — 9:30 - 4:30 FRI. — 9:30 - 6:00
Page 23
Working for Ma Bell
"Ma Bell keeps her workers down in a
variety of ways. She makes sure that we
feel every error or misunderstanding is
our fault; she exploits our need for income
and job security; she makes sure her
employees are divided amongst themselves. There are two "unions" which
bargain for Bell employees — the Traffic
Employees Association for the operators
and the Canadian Telephone Employees
Association for everyone else. Both are
company unions of the first order . . . and
they work against each other."
Bell Canada owns and operates the
telephone system in Ontario and Quebec.
It wholly owns the Newfoundland
Telephone Company and has a majority
interest in the two other major telephone
companies in the Maritimes (The New
Brunswick Telephone Company Ltd. and
the Maritime Telegraph and Telephone
Company Ltd.). Bell also owns or has a
controlling interest in several smaller
telephone companies and in the Northern
Electric Company which manufactures
telephones and other equipment. Bell itself
is owned (97.5%) by individual
shareholders. Another 1.5% is owned by
the American Telephone and Telegraph
Company, the parent company of
American Bell Telephone.
Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta
have provincial government owned
telephone companies. The British
Columbia Telephone Company is owned by
an American corporation, Lincard Industries.
The two women who have written this
article are representative of two of the
employees you come in contact most: an
operator and a service representative.
There are many other employees who
work at the telephone company, in plant,
frame, installation, repair, security, accounting, personnel, order-writers and so
on. Each department is taught to envy and
hate everyone else. Operators and service
representatives are no exception.
Operators are at the bottom of the heap
and service representatives (SR's) are
supposed to be the elite of the company's
rank and file. We have tried to give our
views of life at the top and the bottom as a
Bell worker — awful no matter where you
WINNIPEG (CUP) — Dear Customer:
For some time now, ever since we
started working for Bell Canada, we have
listened to our friends' comments and our
customers' quips about recordings and
Lily Tomlin and all the little braggings
about how you "really told those people at
the telephone company off." We are fed up.
None of you big-shots have ever been able
to "tell the company off" any more than
we have. All you did was make our lives a
little more miserable and have your
comments filed.
Bell Canada is a highly sophisticated
monopoly which employs approximately
35,000 people within Ontario and Quebec. It
is run by a computer and expects its
employees and its customers to act like
one. When its employees deviate from this
model, they are fired; when its customers
deviate, their telephones are cut off. It's as
simple as that. There is only one way to
"tell Ma Bell off", and that is to demolish
her system . . . not simply by
nationalization, but by Workers' control
within the company to determine working
conditions and by socialism to ensure
responsibility to the community. We have
seen no indication that any of the
provincially-owned telephone companies
behave differently than she does.
What we ask is that you join with us in
trying to demolish the Bell system, and
stop trying to take your frustrations out by
increasing ours.
The First Canadian Bank
Bank of Montreal
Your Canada Student Loan Center on Campus
We have an entirely separate department with excellent trained personnel
who will be pleased to help you with all your Canada Student Loan needs.
To students who already have a Canada Student Loan, and are not
obtaining a new loan at this time, you must provide the bank with
a Schedule 2 each Term, in order to continue your interest  free
status. Forms are available at the Student Union Building Branch.
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Life at the top
I'm that snooty person in the business
office who duns you for bills, hears your
complaints and takes the order when you
want to change your telephone around.
The company calls us Service
Representatives. (SR's). You think we all
sound like recordings. I'd like to give you
my side for a change.
My day begins with the joyous task
called "doing my lOlc's". That is company
language for calling the customer to inform them that we are disconnecting their
telephone that day for non-payment of the
bill. Most calls go something like this:
—Hello, Mr. Johnson? This is Mrs.
Carter from Bell Canada calling. We are
calling about your telephone account. Has
it been paid?
—Mr. Johnson, we sent you a letter last
week to advise you that we must have
payment in full yesterday . . .
—I understand how you feel Mr. Johnson, we don't want to take food out of your
children's mouths. After all the telephone
is a privilege. No we cannot extend credit.
There is an amount of $20,00 outstanding,
and you have not been a particularly good
customer of ours . . .
Well, I'm sorry but we will have to
discontinue the service this morning.
When the account is paid in full we will be
pleased to reconnect the service ...
—I'm sorry you feel that way, Good-bye.
Sometimes it's worse. Sometimes you
tell us your husband is laid off and you just
got out of hospital and the baby's sick and
the nearest neighbour is 20 miles away. I
know how you feel, because I've been there
too. But I still have to disconnect the
service, if it isn't me, it's somebody else,
and right now my baby's sick and my
husband's laid off, and we have to live
Most days there are 5 to 15 calls like this
to make before 9 a.m.! The company
extends credit to customers on the basis of
their "ability and willingness" to pay, that
is, their class and rebelliousness. Class A
customers are large companies and the
government; Class B is allowed to run a
two month bill under $25 or a one month
bill up to 10 times their local service; Class
C is allowed $15; Class D is allowed $10;
and Class M is asked for a "maintain
credit", a deposit of $50 or more. The
classification is almightly. It is the sole
determinate of a customer's relationship
with Bell.
The Bell never collects accounts, it
"treats" them. This treatment is about
one-third of the SR job. In most cases it is
done by mail, with small blue and white
notices. B customers get sent a reminder
notice; all others get sent a denial notice
(saying we will cut off their service if the
bill isn't paid within ten days).
On the final review of "risk" accounts,
customers who still have not paid are
telephoned (the personal touch), and
arrangements are made for payment of
the account. All customers except A and B
customers are "quoted D (denial)". The
treatment calls are another of the small
horrors of the job.
Every SR has about 150 to 250 risk accounts on her position at any one time.
Collecyion is a never ending process, and
the schedule must be kept at all times. We
are never given time to be sympathetic or
conciliatory. If and when an account is
disconnected, the collection of the 'final
accounts' begins. "You'll enjoy these
Mary," my supervisor told me, "they are
so much more interesting." This kind of
collection involves calling nearby
telephone numbers to try and get hold of
the customer, calling Long Distance
parties he has on his bill to get more information on his whereabouts, and sending
more notices. If all these measures fail to
bring results, the account is sent to the Bell
Collection Division for tougher tactics.
The time the SR has to do her treatment
varies from office to office. In some
places, she has to squeeze it between incoming calls; some offices allow "closed-
out" time; in our office, I have treatment
time which I can use so long as no
customers are waiting on incoming calls.
In our office, when a customer is waiting,
lights flash and a loud gong goes off. It's
pretty nerve-wracking. One day, I knew I Tuesday, September 12, 1977
Flak catchers for Bell
Page 25
was at the end of my rope. The gong was
going, I picked up the phone and said:
"What the hell do you want?"
Incoming calls can be for a variety of
reasons: long distance billing, payments
not credited to accounts, telephone installations, transfers or disconnections,
intra-company calls, and general information. My job, is to "represent the
company to the public". To do this, there is
a rigid pattern established for each
possible kind of call, called a "contact
format". They trained me for six weeks to
be sure I memorized them all properly. All
contacts are noted down on an 1109
Contact Memo in a form of speedwriting.
The memo must, at the completion of the
contact, have on it: the problem, the steps
taken to solve it and the resolution. The
company objective for the Business Office
is "one stop service".
Common long distance complaints are
"there's a call on my bill I didn't make"
and "I've been charged too much for this
call." Every customer who calls in feels he
has been personally persecuted by the
company. The Bell is too big to bother
with that — but there are errors and we
make the adjustments. In offices like ours,
without automated direct dialling
equipment, I handle i0-20 of these a day.
The conversation is exactly the same for
each one.
—Good morning, Mrs. Carter speaking.
May I help you?
—I'm sorry you have been charged for a
long-distance call you didn't make. Can
you give me the date and place of the call?
Your telephone number please?
—Would you hold the line a moment
while I check into this please?
Off the line, I rush around to get out the
account, call the Toll Library or Central
Name and Address Bureau (CNAB), and
then one minute later I am back on the line
—Sorry to have kept you waiting.
—I have more information on that call
for you. It was placed on Sunday,
February 3 at 11 p.m. by Direct Distance
Dialling to the residence of John Martin in
Oakville. Was there anyone^visiting you
who might have placed that*call?
—No? Well, I'm sorry this has happened
and of course we'll make the adjustment
on your bill. The amount to adjust is $2.01
plus ten cents tax. Do you know how to
show this adjustment on your bill ? You do,
that's fine then. Thank you for calling.
While on the line, I've made an LD ad
justment voucher and completed my 1109.
You wonder why I sound like a recording?
I also take orders and orders and orders.
The order format is more complex than
the Long Distance one, and involves obtaining more information from the
customer. A standard kind of order is
made out when a customer moves:
—Good morning, Mrs. Carter speaking.
May I help you?
—Good morning, Mrs. Carter speaking.
May I help you?
—Fine, sir, what address are you
moving to? What date are you moving?
What is your telephone number? Would
you please hold the line while I make the
arrangements for you?
Off the line, I rush around getting the
basic record of the customer's equipment
(just praying it's in the file). I check the
Street Guide to find out the correct way to
show the street, the exchange it's in and so
on. And then I am back on the line a minute
later . . .
—Sorry to have kept you waiting . . .
(and so on and on.
By the end of the contact, I am supposed
to have the order completely written out,
have sold some fancy piece of equipment,
and have sent the customer away happy. If
I made a mistake in the order, I'll get a
query from the Order Reviewers. A mark
against my record.
Of course, the orders are not always
completed smoothly by the company.
Bungles are common. So the next call I get
is: "You said your men would be out to put
my phone in yesterday and they didn't
come." So I check the dispatch department (they hate SR's and are always
snarky) and check the records. Turns out
there were no facilities in the area to put
the phone in, and so I have to tell you I'll
call you ten days and let you know when we
will install the phone. Of course this sounds
ridiculous to you and you get mad, but the
engineers won't report until then, and I
can't do anything but try and soothe you.
My day is also chock-full of goodies like
looking for lost payments and handling
other kinds of customer complaints. I
handle 35-50 incoming calls a day, and the
average length of time on the contact is
five minutes. All contacts may be
monitored by the service analyst group or
the local supervisors. All forms and 1109's
are spot-checked for accuracy and completeness. Everything I do is checked
against the Bible of the Business Office —
the BOP or Business Office Practice. Six
volumes of rules and contact formats. And
through all this, I must keep the customers
happy. God forbid, I should ever lose my
temper or tell a customer what I really
think. For that you get fired.
Yesterday, I had to tell you why we
wanted a $100 deposit before we connected
your phone. You were very angry and told
me that the Bell didn't need your money
but you did, and that you knew I just
worked there, but why did I keep defending company policy. My supervisor was
listening in (she knows I hate asking for an
MCR) and so I just kept explaining the
policy. You said that I was an enemy of the
people and called me a bitch. I told you
that we still had to have the $100, and the
Bell had been given the right to do this by
the Board of Transport Commissioners.
You said I sounded like a recording and
hung up. I burst into tears.
The worst part of the SR job is the
paternalism with which the company
treats us. There is one supervisor for every
five girls. We are continually told to reason
things out for ourselves. What is really
meant, is looking it up in the BOP. Indicative of the company attitude to the
SR's is the party they launch sales campaigns with. It is held between 8:30 and 9
o'clock on a Monday morning. Coffee and
donuts are brought into the office; the
manager makes a little- speech and the
supervisors put on a little skit about selling
telephones. Everyone gets a paper hat to
wear and balloon to blow up, and the office
is decorated with streamers.
If I'm sick I am allowed to stay off work
only if I can't get out of bed. They'll phone
to make sure I'm home. Absence for one
day is called an "absenteeism", and at the
regular little sessions with my supervisor,
I'll get shit for it. I'm not allowed to have
holidays in the busy season, which just
happens to be the summer months and
Christmas. If work piles up — which it
does all the time because the company
understaffs purposely — I'll have to work
long hours of overtime.
And you wonder why I sound like a
■nc wHcce i=witD/ with
\ m iEss time: than you
■/ woucdbe"Ueyetossjbi£:
9553 &M&mm:*tmit Page 26
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Life at the bottom
If you could catch an information
operator long enough when she is
leaving the office, and ask her to
tell you a little about what her day
was like, she might say, "well,
there was nothing special about
today, except that I came in a
minute and a half late because
some of the clocks around the
building were slow and I followed
the wrong one. I put on my headset
and my sexy voice with a smile,
and rushed to take my place at the
information board. Before I could
pick up my first call, a sup.
plugged into my position and informed me that I'd been marked
late — and that if I'd only been a
minute and half late I could have
been on time, and "How could we
run $n office if everyone were so
Mentioning that her time would
be better spent checking the
**" clocks, rather than chewing me out
would have constituted insubordination and I'd have been
reported as having an attitude
problem. So I let it pass.
—Operator, can you give me the
number for Radio Station CKEY?
— Have you checked your
directory? —Look, operator, if I
wanted to do that, I wouldn't be
calling you, would I?
— Yes — well, the number is
listed at the beginning . . .
—Operator, the nufnber, that's
all, just the number . . .
--... of the C's in your directory ...
—Oh, come on — I know where it
is -   just give me the number . . .
Yes, of course, the number is . . .
Sound familiar? You bet! And
I'll bet you always thought the
Operator was just giving you a
hard time because it was a slow
morning and she had nothing
better to do? Actually that whole
spiel about looking in your book is
really part of Ma Bell's Directory
Assistance Volume Control.
Eventually (because it isn't going
too well) you'll be charged for calls
to information if the number is
listed in the book. You think you've
got headaches? Information
_*_ operators know that every time
they ask you to look something up
in the directory, they're phasing
themselves out of a job.
At the same time, each girl is
required to handle ab out 120 information calls per hour. That
works out to a call every 30 seconds
or so. Objectives like that were set
by someone who'd either forgotten
or never known what it was like
working at information. It takes a
long time to find some listings and
once you've lost a few minutes —
it's hard to make up that time so
you can still meet your objective.
At all times, even towards the end
of an hour, when the operator
knows they're doing a "spot count"
on her and she begins to get
frantic, she still must be pleasant
and if she can't be friendly, at least
sound sexy. This goes on, not just
for one hour a week, but for an
operator's working day.
Long Distance — oh — now I
really have to tell you about the
best part of life at the bottom! You
called and were really upset
because you'd been trying to
contact your business partner all
morning — and we'd finally got
through to his secretary who said
he'd be "with you in a sec". We
waited, and after a minute was up I
*» said I couldn't wait any longer and
you'd have to try again. You really
did think I was just plain
miserable, didn't you? Well, my
supervisor was doing a position
observation on me, and if I had
held on any longer than a minute
* I'd made an exception in your case.
I wasn't out to get you. I didn't
even know you. So calling me Ma
Bell and hanging up in my ear just
shook me up a bit and made it hard
for me to smile for the next few
calls. It's hard enough to come
across sounding cheerful over a
"^* telephone, but when you're
working as fast as we're required
to do, you slip occasionally. Like
the information operators, we have
certain standards set for us. A long
distance operator is expected to
handle about 35 calls every hour.
This does not include local
assistance calls (when a customer
calls in and asks an operator to try
a local number for him, inquiries
about long distance rates or how to
dial direct, etc.).
Every time I "hold" on a person-
to-person csll I get behind. Those
minut.3s fflip by quickly and with
them my chance to pick up another
call to meet my quota. I g3t frantic
on calls to the Bahamas or to obscure places in M3xico. Those calls
sometimes take 20 minuteff to
complete. Board loads (hourly spot
counts of the total number of LD
calls I've handled) are taken
regularly to measure my work
load, compared with others in the
office and with the office "standard requirement". If the res7lts
aren't favourable, I'm advised
begin to measure up or else! To say
that accuracy is stressed would be
an understatement. Handling 35
calls per hour means that at the
end of a norm$l working month
5000 toll tick3ts have gone through
me. Given the pressures I've
already mentioned, you'd expect a
generous margin for error. I'm
allowed six errors per month.
A billing error is anything from a
fraudulent credit card or a wrong
calling number, to marking the
wrong time of day on a toll ticket.
If an operator consistently makes
6-10 errors in a month she. is con
sidered a "problem biller" and is
embarrassed by lengthy
discussions on her poor "work
performance" in this area of her
job. Her "lack of concentration"
becomes the topic of many confidential talks with her supervisor
who attempts to get at the root of
the problem. Every possibility is
explored. After all, the office objectives are reasonable.
"Everyone else," the operator is
told, "is meeting the standards."
The problem then must lie with the
girl herself. On the pretence of
"trying to help her", the already
badly intimidated operator
becomes the prey of a few amateur
psychiatrists (who keep all the
information they gather on file on
Tier personal performance record).
The personal performace record is
marked CONFIDENTIAL, that is,
"open only to management".
There's no escape from
pressure. In most offices, supervisors and other management
personnel sit with us in the
cafeteria (we're all one big happy
family you know).
And so, Mr. Customer, this is
what it's like to be the bitch at the
other end. Somedays I wish I could
protect myself like some of the
other employees do, and see the
Company as always right and the
customers as either stupid or
malicious. But I can't. All I know is
that I hate Ma Bell too, and I just
always wanted to tell you how
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West Vancouver - 926-1610
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815 - 12th St.
New Westminster - 524-9066
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Surrey, B.C. - 588-5810
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Student Discount Given
——i     The University of British Columbia
lEHl    Centre for
Continuing Education
Reading Improvement Courses
The University of British Columbia Reading and Study Skills
Centre offers individualized programs for those who wish to
improve their reading and study skills for academic, professional
and personal reasons.
Oourse work emphasizes increase of Reading Rate and Comprehension, Previewing, Skimming and Scanning — Study Habits and
Skills - Critical Reading Skills - Flexibility of Reading Rate -
Reading Skills in Subject Matter, Professional and Special Interest
The fee of $30.00 for secondary school students and full-time
university or college students*, and $60.00 for non-students,
includes testing, materials, counselling and use of the Reading
Lab. Class. Enrolment is limited to 18.
Classes are held in the East Mall Annex (Room 118 and 119),
beginning the week of October 2, and meet at the indicated times
for five weeks.
♦Students — 3 courses (9 units or more). Student card may be requested.
Section     Time Day Room       Type
1 1        12:30-   1:30 M. T. Th. 119        Student
2 3:45- 5:45 M. W. 119 Student
3 3:45- 5:45 T. Th. 119 Student
4 7:00- 9:00 M. W. 118 Student
5 7:00- 9:00 M. W. 119 Adult
6 7:00- 9:00 T. Th. 118 Student
7 7:00- 9:00 T. Th. 119 Adult
8* 9:00-12:00 Sat. 118        Secondary
9* 9:00-12:00 Sat. 119        Adult
* These sections commence October 14 and will meet for 6 sessions.
Writing Improvement Program For Students
Writing Improvement is an 18-hour non-credit program designed
to improve essay writing and composition skills. This program is
open to university and college students of all years and to persons
who are planning to resume their university and college studies.
As well as dealing with common core problems such as essay
organization and structure, sentence structure and punctuation,
the course will be concerned with special topics such as
organization of the long research paper, and research and
bibliographic techniques.
Each week stqdents will be encouraged to bring their assignments
to class for discussion. Classes are small and students are dealt
with on an individual basis. Students will have an opportunity for
writing practice every week.
FEE: $30.00 for students; $60.00 for non-students.
DATES  AND  TIMES:   Commencing the week  of October 9,
classes will meet one evening per week (7:00-10:00) for 6
LOCATION: U.B.C. Campus; room & bldg. to be announced.
For further information on either program, please contact the Education-Extension Dept., Centre for Continuing Education, 228-2181 (local 220).
H M -__■■■■»••■■•■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■» " ■» ■■■■
Name of program  	
Name (Mr., Miss, Mrs.)	
For Reading Improvement please indicate section   	
Please make cheques payable to the University of British Columbia and
mail with this form to: Registrations, Centre for Continuing Education,
University of British Columbia, Vancouver 8, B.C. Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 27
Sex a nd old age
When the wrinklesstart, don't stop
Joie De Vivre: The fear of
ridicule. An ex'erpt from Simone
de Beauvoir's article on sexuality
among the elderly, published in
Harper's Magazine in January,
As far as men are concerned,
the statistics, as it so often
happens, merely confirm what
everybody knows — sexual
intercourse diminishes in
frequency with age. This fact is
connected with the degeneration
of the sexual organs, a
degeneration that brings about a
weakening of the libido. But the
physiological is not the only
factor that comes into play. There
are considerable differences
between the behaviour patterns of
individuals, some being impotent
at sixty and others very sexually
active at over eighty. We must try
to see how these differences are to
be explained.
The first factor, and one of
perfectly obvious importance, is
the subjects' marital status. Sexual
intercourse is much more frequent
among married men than among
bachelors or widowers. Married
life encourages erotic stimulus;
habit and "togetherness" favor its
appeasement. The "psychological
barriers" are far easier to
overcome. The wall of private life
protects the elderly husband from
public opinion, which in any case
looks more favorably upon
legitimate love than upon
unlawful connections. He feels
that his image is less endangered.
The word image in this context
must be thoroughly understood.
Whereas the woman object
identifies herself with the total
image of her body from childhood
on, the little boy sees his penis as
an alter ego; it is in his penis that
his whole life as a man finds its
image, and it is here that he feels
himself in peril. The narcissistic
trauma that he dreads is the
failure of his sexual organ — the
impossibility of reaching an
erection, of maintaining it, and of
satisfying his partner. This fear is
less haunting in married life. The
subject is more or less free to
choose the moment for making
love. A failure is easily passed over
in silence. His familiarity with his
partner makes him dread her
opinion less. Since he is less
anxious, the married man is less
inhibited than another. That is
why many aged couples continue
sexual activities.
The loss of his wife will often
cause a trauma that shuts a man
off from all sexual activities,
either for a long or short period or
forever. Widowers and elderly
bachelors obviously have much
more difficulty in finding an
outlet for their libido than
married men. Most have lost their
charm: if they try to have an
affair, their attempts come to
nothing. All that remains is venal
love: many men have shrunk from
it all their lives, and it would seem
to them a kind of giving-in, an
acquiescence in the decline of age.
Yet  some  do  turn  to  it; they
either go with prostitutes or they
have a liaison with a woman they
help financially. Their choice,
continence or activity, depends on
the balance between the urgency
of their drive and the strength of
their resistance.
Many find an answer in
masturbation. A quarter of the
subjects questioned by Sexology
magazine said they had indulged
in it either for many years or since
the age of sixty; the latter were
therefore brought back to it by-
aging. Statistical cross-checks
show that even among married
men, many turn to this practice.
No doubt many elderly men
prefer their fantasies to their
wife's age-worn body. Or it may
happen that either because
deep-rooted complexes or
awareness of age turn her against
physical love, the companion
refuses. Masturbation is then the
most convenient outlet.
The subject's sexual activities
are also influenced by his social
condition. They go on far longer
among manual workers, among
men with a low standard of living
than among those who are well to
do. Workers and peasants have
more straightforward desires, less
dominated by erotic myths, than
the middle classes; their wives'
bodies wear out early, but they do
not stop making love to them.
When a working man's wife is old,
she seems to him less spoiled than
■ would be the case with a richer
husband. Then again he has less
idea of himself than the
white-collar worker. And he does
not take so much notice of public
opinion, which has less and less
force as one goes down the social
scale. Old men and women who
live almost entirely outside
convention — tramps of both
sexes, and inmates of
institutions - lie together without
any shame, even in front of
Finally, the happier and richer
sexual life has been, the longer it
goes on. If the subject has valued
it because of the narcissistic
satisfaction it gives him, he will
break it off as soon as he can no
longer see a flattering reflection of
himself in his partner's eyes. If he
has intended to assert his virility,
his skill, or the power, of his
charm, or if he has meant to
triumph over rivals, then he man
sometimes be glad of the excuse
of age to relax. But if his sexual
activities have been spontaneous
and happy, he will be strongly
inclined to carry them on as long
as his strength lasts.
Yet the elderly man does not
take so vehement a pleasure in
intercourse as a youth does, and
this is because the two stages of
; ejaculation are reduced to one: he
no    longer    has    that    piercing
sensation of imminence which
marks the passage from the first
to the second, nor yet the
triumphant feeling of a jet, an
explosion — this is one of the
myths that gives the male sexual
act its value. Even when the aged
man is still capable of normal
sexual activity, he often seeks
indirect forms of satisfaction;
even more so if he is impotent. He
takes pleasure in erotic literature,
licentious works of art, dirty
stories, the company of young
women, and furtive contacts; he
Turn to page 28:  See WHEN
For Theatre Dept.'s Production of
by Pirandello
will be held on
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER  14     12:30 - 3:00     7:00 - 9:00
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15     12:30 - 3:00    7:00 - 9:00
in Room 206—Frederic Wood Theatre Building
- Auditions Open To All U.B.C. Students, Faculty & Staff
by Sam Shepard (Adult Entertainment)
directed by Richard Schechner
SEPTEMBER 11 - 27 8:00 p.m.
STUDENT SEASON TICKETS (4 Plays for $3.00)
Sept. 11-27 THE TOOTH OF CRIME Jan. 10-20 TARTUFFE
Box Office
Room 207
ySupport Your Campus Theatres5==s£E=====
_ Page 28
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
When age comes, so can you
From page 27
indulges in fetishism,
sadomasochism, various forms of
perversion, and, particularly after
the age of eighty, in voyeurism.
These deviations are readily
comprehensible. The fact is,
Freud has established that there is
no such thing as a "normal"
sexuality: it is always "perverted"
insofar as it does not break away
from its origins, which required it
to look for satisfaction not in any
specific activity but in the
"increase of pleasure" attached to
functions dependent on other
drives. Infantile sexuality is
polymorphically perverse. The
sexual act is considered "normal"
when the partial activities are
merely preparatory to the genital
. act. But the subject has only to
attach too much importance to
these preliminary pleasures to slip
into perversion. Normally, seeing
and caressing one's partner plays
an important part in sexual
intercourse. It is accompanied by
fantasy; sadomasochistic elements
appear; and often fetishism,
clothes, and ornaments evoking
the presence of the body. When
genital    pleasure    is    weak    or
nonexistant, all these elements
rise to the first place. And
frequently the elderly man prizes
them very highly because they are
manifestations of that erotic
world that is still of the greatest
value to him. He continues to live
in a certain climate, his body still
existing in a world filled with
other dobies. Here again it is often
timidity, shame or difficulties
from the outside that prevent him
from indulging in what are called
his vices.
We have a fair amount of
evidence about elderly men's
sexual life. It depends on their
past and also upon their attitude
toward their old age as a whole
and toward their image in
particular. Chateaubriant so
loathed his aged face that he
refused to sit for his portrait. In
the first part of Amour et
vieillesse - chants de tristesse,
which he wrote when he was
sixty-one, he rejects the amourous
advances of a young woman: "If
you tell me you love me as a
father, you will fill me with
horror; if you claim to love me as
a lover, I shall not believe you. I
shall   see  a happy  rival in very
Summer happenings: As prognosticated in this column last year,
Ron Basford, M.P. for Vancouver Centre, was indeed replaced in his job
as Consumer Affairs minister.
Followers of this column will recall that powerful Toronto bank
interests among others were upset with Basford's new Competition Act.
End result? Robert Andras, a much lower key Toronto M.P. is the
new minister.
Also out of cushy government job is say everything do nothing John
Young, ex-chairman of the Prices and Incomes Commission and ex-arts
dean at UBC.
* *      *
Young, if you are interested, is almost solely responsible for UBC's i
miniminiature reproduction of the MacMillan Bloedel building
otherwise known as the new Arts tower or some such thing.
Young, by the way, is that man who is hot after Walter Gage's seat
as president and is already campaigning among the faculty.
Unbelievably, Ralph Loffmark (how many of you knew he was a
commerce professor on leave from the faculty), about to be ex-minister
of health for B.C. is seriously making known the fact that he too is in the
running for the presidency. Loffmark's chances you may be relieved to
know are marginal since a large number of UBC's medical faculty,
unhappy with policies as Health Minister have long been sharpening
their scalpels, awaiting the day he returned to campus.
* *       *
Speaking of campus heavies it is notable that Socred Allan McGavin
has become the chairman of the board of governors. Cast into its midst
has been appeal court judge Nathan Nemetz, who's previous track
record on campus shows him as much more receptive to student needs
than his predecessor McGavin.
The power behind the scene in this case is wife Belle Nemetz, longtime radical thinker and women's liberationist. If she lives up to her
reputation, McGavin and Co. will be in for a rough time.
* *      *
Having had the distinct pleasure of interviewing Cece Bennett for
an hour or so this summer, one was amazed to notice the number of
similarities between Bennett and Gage.
Both are old men, long past retirement. Both have developed sharp
tempers; both have had monuments to themselves constructed (the
Bennett dam, the Gage towers); both are paternalistic in their positions
of power and have a complete disregard for simple parliamentary
The only difference right now is that Bennett has been tossed out by
the electorate. Gage still stays on as president... for the time being
* *      *
Well you see it's been a summer chock-full of change.
And so, we think this column should change a little.
We'd like to have more consumer dialogue in this space — a sort of
consumer forum so more rip-offs and gripes are exposed.
Please address all correspondence to Exposure, The Ubyssey, SUB,
Campus mail. Especially timely would be a few nice pricing differentials from ye old bookstore (another Bill White money-making
enterprise brought to you by those friendly folks — your board of
* *      *
Victoria post script. Aside from the clatter of the paper shredding
machine smoking away behind the legislature building, Donald
Brothers, ertswhile Socred education minister has actually been seen in
his office. Working!
University requests and letters, actually unanswered in six to eight
months are being processed in an attempt to make as many decisions as
possible before he leaves office.
Among other things, the three board of governors vacancies will
most assuredly be filled by Socred types before the reigns are handed
over to New Democrat Eileen Dailly.
young man. Your deference will
make me feel my age, your
caresses will give me over to the
most furious jealousy . .. Old age
makes a man as ugly as can be
wished. If he is unhappy, it is even
worse ..." He was cruelly
sensitive to the "insult of the
years," and his refusal was
dictated by a kind of inverted
Old men's loves are not always
doomed to failure: far from it.
Many of them have a sexual life
that goes on very late. The Due de
Bouillon was sixty-six when his son
Turenne was born. The famous
Due de Richelieu's father married
for the third time in 1702, at the
age of seventy. When his son was
sixty-two and governor of
Guienne, he led a life of
debauchery. In his old age he
seduced a great many young
women. At seventy-eight,
bewigged, made-up, and very thin,
he was said to look like a tortoise
thrusting its head out of its shell;
this did not prevent his from
having affairs with the actresses of
the Comedie francaise. and he
spent his evenings with whores;
sometimes he used to bring them
home — he liked listening to their
confidences. He married when he
was eighty-four and had recourse
to aphrodisiacs: he made his wife
pregnant. Furthermore, he
decieved her too. He continued
his sexual activities right up until
his death, at the age of
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Open 11 a.m.- 7 p.m.
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^•M3I W.lOth  s^9   221-1232^
i ACT — ACT — ACT — ACT'
For Theatre Dept.'s Production of
by Pirandello
TO BE PRESENTED November 7-77
will be held on
12:30 - 3:00    7:00 - 9:0.0
12:30-3:00    7:00-9:00
in Room 206—Frederic Wood Theatre Building
- Auditions Open To All U.B.C. Students, Faculty & Staff Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Page 29
7,000 PhDs to lack teaching
jobs in next five years
OTTAWA (CUP) — About 7,000
Canadian PhDs produced
during the next five years will
have their career hopes dashed, a
recently released report by the
Economic Council of Canada says.
The report indicates that
steadily-decreasing enrolment
hikes in Canadian universities
have cooled the demand for new
university teachers while the
number of doctoral students
seeking teaching jobs has not
adjusted to the new reality.
Entitled "The PhD Dilemma in
Canada: A Case Study", the
report, written by ECC economist
Max von Zur-Muehlen, is part of a
larger series of papers called
"Canadian Higher Education in
the Seventies". Originally
scheduled for release in May, the
papers were not made public until
late August.
In his study, von Zur-Muehlen
constructs a model which shows
that at the very best, little more
than half the PhD graduates
between 1972 and 1976 who want
university teaching jobs will find
That projection assumes that
university enrolments will increase by seven per cent annually,
a figure more appropriate to the
1960s than to the 1970s the
. economist notes.
Under the more realistic
assumptions of enrolment increases of between three and five
per cent "only about one-third of
the PhDs produced during the next
five years will find employment
according to their career objectives and the traditional em:
ployment patterns.
"The approximately 7,000 surplus PhDs, who will be forthcoming during the next five
years will have to consider
alternative employment opportunities and compete with the
4,000 PhD graduates whose career
choice had already been made for
industry or government," von Zur-
Muehlen says.
Prospects in the physical
sciences are the worst. If
enrolment grows by only three per
cent, more than nine times as
many PhDs will be available for
teaching posts than are required.
An increase of seven per cent
would only cut supply down to
three times the demand.
In the humanities, between one-
third and two-thirds of the
graduating PhD students who want
teaching jobs will likely find them,
while in the social sciences the
surplus will decrease somewhat
because enrolment is increasing
faster than in other fields.
The study points to a possible
annual surplus of about 125 to 160
PhDs in chemistry, about 50 to 100
in physics and between 150 to 200 in
engineering during the next few
— dirk visser photo
jungle, Buchanan Tower rears head above other plant life at north end of
There is a hopeful note for
graduates in economics,
psychology, and education and the
biological sciences. The report
says that surplus PhDs in these
fields could more easily be absorbed by other sectors of the
economy than those in other areas.
Von Zur-Muehlen points out that
other contributors to the Canadian
PhD surplus are the 14,000 immigrants who entered Canada
from 1962 to 1971 seeking university teaching jobs and the excess of
PhDs produced by American
universities who look north where
conditions are often considered
more attractive.
The economist says that in 1970-
71, 61 per cent of Canadian
university teachers were Canadian
citizens but only 56 per cent of new
faculty hired were Canadian.
He also has some mild criticism
of the previous failure of Canadian
universities to advertise vacant
teaching positions widely across
Canada. He says the current
situation makes this a necessity.
"In a political sense, the
citizenship composition of the
university faculty and that of
doctoral students will remain a
sensitive issue requiring
thoughtful analysis," he says.
Von Zur-Muehlen recommends
against any drastic reduction in
PhDs because he claims this would
only repeat the surplus-shortage
cycle in years to come. He says the
figures he presents may tend to
negate themselves with wide
public knowledge.
He suggests doctoral programs
be restructured to make them less
' 'university-research-oriented''
and more flexible to give students
more employment options.
Universities should establish
doctoral programs along with
industry to provide students with
experience as interns in a working
environment. Or doctoral students
could be required to spend at least
two years in the work force after
their bachelor's work, he says.
Other possible solutions are the
enlistment of Canadian PhDs to go
abroad to train personnel in their
fields there, and the initiation of a
program of early retirement for
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We have numerous return and one-way flights each month
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1312-925 W.Georgia, Van. 1
687-2868 (3 lines) Page 30
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Tween classes
Ontological Society
The Creative Spiral  of Life.  Buch.
216, 12:30.
Chess Club
Election of officers. Sub 216, 12:30.
Shinerama, the annual fund
raising campaign for cystic fibrosis
researcy, is happening Friday.
Shinerama organizers say the
campaign is important because the
government only provides funds
for the treatment of cystic fibrosis
children, not for research, which
must be privately funded.
Shiners are needed all day
Friday to hit the campus and
various parts of the town.
Volunteers are asked to meet
at the north end of SUB off the
sub turn-about starting in the
The first event of Noon Hour
Travels with Zoologists will
feature a discussion of
internalized ecology.
The discussion, with zoology
professor Wren Green, will take
place at noon Thursday in room
2000 of the Bio-Sciences building.
Blind help
The Crane Library is requesting
the names and addresses of all
blind and sight-handicapped
students be forwarded to their
office in Brock Hall.
The list of names will assist the
staff in determining special library
needs of blind and partially seeing
The library offers special
reading materials to assist
handicapped students who cannot
read or who have difficulty
reading ordinary print material.
Paul Thiele, librarian and head
of the Crane Library, says
facilities are open weekdays from
9 a.m. to 10 p.m., Saturdays 9
a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sundays noon
to 5 p.m.
For further information phone
Karate Club
New   members  welcome,
bird gym B, 7:30 p.m.
Campus Christ Cursade
1962 Acadia Rd., 8 p.m.
Theatre Dept.
Thunder- Dr. R. Schechner on Environmental
Theatre.      Frederic     Wood     Theatre,
A major issue confronting
students this year will be a
covered swimming pool
Booths collecting signatures
during registration week met with
success as more than 10,000
students registered their support.
The possibility of an aquatic
complex was introduced last
spring but a referendum could not
be held due to a shortage of time.
The complex will include
programs in three areas:
education, recreation and
The education program will
include oceanography,
physio-therapy, handicap and
medical activities while the
recreational program will consist
of traditional aquatic sports:
swimming, canoeing, water polo
and scuba diving.
Synchronized swimming,
diving and a UBC swim team will
highlight the competitive
program. These areas will
hopefully     result     in     Olympic
Hot flashes
competitors and international
Who's going to pay for the
$2.7 million complex?
The cost will be shared among
the board of governors, the
Alumni and the students. The
students' monthly share for the
year-round complex will be about
62 cents per person.
Although the date hasn't yet
been announced, the referendum
should be held in a few weeks.
Senate seats
UBC senate elections of June
produced no startling results.
The majority of senators
elected as members of
convocation were incumbents.
Although the UBC Women's
Action Group campaigned to have
more women elected to senate
only six were elected by faculties
out of a total of 46 seats.
Arts elected Helen Sonthoff,
assistant professor of English and
graduate studies elected Pat
Merivale, also a professor in the
English department.
Elected by a joint meeting of
the faculties were Alice Baumgart,
associate professor of nursing,
Charlotte David, professor of
education, healthcare and
epidemiology, Julia Levy,
associate professor of
microbiology and Ruth
McConnell, professor of English
A panel on drug use convened
in New York City has concluded
cocaine is rivalling heroin as king
of street drugs there.
The panel of prominent
attorneys and a judge, set up by
the journal Contemporary Drug
Problems, found cocaine arrests
had risen sharply in the last six
months while marijuna arrests had
Charles Updike, an assistant
U.S. attorney told the panel
cocaine has "about two-thirds the
volume of heroin traffic in New
York City."
According to NYC attorney
Arthur Mass a spoonful of
cocaine—one or two days' supply
— has a street price of $50 to $60
while a bag of heroin — several
are needed in one day — is only
three to seven dollars.
Judge Harold Rothwax of
NYC's Criminal Court,
characterized cocaine as "the drug
of the rich." But, the judge
observed, "not so many rich
people are arrested."
Rothwax noted that in New
York now the district attorney
almost always moves for an
adjournment of a case in which
possession of small amounts of
marijuana is charged. The motion
becomes an automatic dismissal
after six months if there is no
further similar violation.
"Most judges and prosecutors
have friends, if not themselves,
who are smoking marijuana. There
is a tolerance of hypocrisy which
can only go so far," said
Sam Shepard's The Tooth of
Crime will be playing at the
Frederic Wood Theatre to Sept.
Tickets at $3 are available from
room 207 of the theatre.
There will be no performance
this Sunday or Monday and Sept.
Curtain time is 8 p.m.
Applications for scholarship
study in the USSR are now
available at the office of the
graduate studies dean.
The 12 scholarships, for
graduate students, can be used for
10-month stay.
The Soviet government looks
after the fees, housing, medical
and travel expenses and the
Canadian government will provide
a grant of $200.
Park 'n Bus
The university has bought a
B.C. Hydro bus to transport
students and faculty from the B
and D parking lots junction to the
bookstore, says J. H. Kelly, traffic
and security superintendent.
The bus seats 42 plus standing
room in the aisle.
It has been painted Navy Blue
with a gold stripe to distinguish it
from regular Hydro buses.
The free bus runs from 7:30
a.m. to 9:30 p.m. Monday
through Friday. Stopping points
have been set up along the route
for students wanting to get off
before the bookstore.
Classical guitarist Christopher
Jordan will play the music of
Spain and South America in a
concert Thursday at 8:30 p.m. in
the Centennial Museum
Jordan, a Vancouverite,
studied guitar in Barcelona and
with Julian Bream.
Tickets are $2.50 at the door
or at 415 Cordova.
"The Speakeasy", a
student-run information, drop-in
and counselling service, is looking
for volunteer senior students.
Students interested in working
with people at The Speakeasy
and improving the day-to-day
existence of alienated students on
campus, are asked to stop by the
The Speakeasy offices this week.
The Speakeasy is located on
the main floor of SUB next to the
candy counter.
Office hours are 9:30 a.m. to
9:30 p.m. Monday to Friday,
(phone 228-3700 or 228-4557).
Training and orientation
sessions will be held during the
next two weekends in September.
The first Women's In-
termural meeting of the year will
be held on Friday at 12:30 in room
213 War Memorial Gym. All
managers must come to this
meeting to pick  up their  1972-73
Orientation for managers will be
Sunday at 11:30 a.m. in Lumbermen's Arch, Stanley Park.
Contact Heather Mitton at 224-9076.
4450 West 10th Ave.
Hot Delicious Tasty Pizzas
FREE DELIVERY - Right to Your Door
Phone 224-1720 - 224-6336
HOURS - MON. To THURS. 11 a.m. to 3 a.m.
FRI. & SAT. 11 a.m. to 4 a.m. - SUNDAY 4 p.m. to 2 a.m.
Rates: Campus — 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; additional fines, 25c;
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day ST.SO; additional lines
35c; additional days $1.25 & 30c
Clamfud ali are not accepted by telepkum and one payable in
adraiuv Deadline a II 30a.ni.. ihedai hcti>rrpttbli£aiit}ii'.
Pubheaiwi. Office- Ro»m 241S. 1.11   £/5C, Van. #. B.C.
ative   Social   and   Dance,   Thurs.,
Sept.    21,    8    p.m.    AU   welcome.
Special  guest   celebrities.   For  information   call Herb  at   874-4139.
Lost & Found
Rides & Car Pools
Special Notices
Join thousands across Canada.
Let our Computer System find
your special guy or gal, only $10.
All replies are confidential. Send
no money now. Write to Computer
Mates, P.O. Box 1012, Calgary,
Alta.   for   your  free   application.
Student Centre can obtain pamphlets describing the Centre and
its functions from the office of
the  Centre.	
$75   FOR    75c.    WATCH   FOR   B.C.
Bonus     Coupons      coming     early
_ October   .	
AM-FM receiver, turntable, base,
cover, cartridge, two speakers, 2-
vear guarantee, list $200, your
cost $125. Carry Akai. A.G.S-,
Zenith   TVs.   Call   732-6769.
Help Wanted
Administrative Trainee and Foreign
Service   Officer   Competition.
Written  Exam
Thursday,   October   19.   1972
Buchanan  106 at   7:00  p.m.
This exam   is a. prerequisite  to  the
interview     stage.     Pre-register     by
October   10,   1972   and   obtain   more
information  at  your  Office   of   Student    Services    or    at    the    Public
Service     Commission,     No.     203    —
535   Thurlow   Street,    Vancouver   5,
This   competition   is   open   to   both
men  and   women.
biweekly. Ecological field work.
Daphne Tap)). Leave phone number  at   Zoology   office.
Work Wanted
the   UBC Barber Shop,   or Beauty
Salon    a    visit.     5736    University
Blvd.   in   the   Village.
Travel Opportunities
Autos For Sale
Autos Wanted
Art Services
Babysitting & Day Care
Dance Bands
Duplicating & Copying
DR.    BUNDOLO:    SOON !    !    WHY
did  he defect ? ?.
fers fay', accurate typing service
on own eiectric tvpewriter. Reasonable rates. Helen Aslnvorth,
fiSo-li'.l iilsys-, i-.i- 681-8921 (evenings :,
Music Instruction 81
Special Classes
12   Week  Fall   Session
Starts   Sept.   18
Phone G.  Alfred,
Tutoring Service
Room & Board
Furnished Apts.
Unfurnished Apts.
Houses—Furn. & Unfurn.
Use Ubyssey Classified
The U.B.C. Campus
MARKET PLACE Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Grid 'Birds draw zero
The Manitoba Bisons blanked the UBC Thunderbirds 22-0 in the
'Birds conference opener last Saturday.
A crowd of 500 football fans saw the 'Birds get off to a good start. At
the five minute mark in the first quarter Chris Balzer intercepted a
Manitoba pass and ran it 34 yards to the Manitoba one yard line.
But on third down UBC quarterback Jim Tarves threw into the dirt
and the ball went over on downs.
At quarter time Manitoba intercepted Tarves and finally succeeded
in moving the ball out of their end in the second quarter. Regaining
control, the 'Birds forced Manitoba to go for a field goal by stopping the
Bison's drive on the UBC eight yard line.
The Bisons came back to break the game wide open at the 10 minute
mark. A 70 yard passing play ended in a touchdown and UBC was on the
In the second half, Tarves found himself having to scramble almost
constantly. Manitoba was able to actually move UBC backwards much of
the time. Tarves was nailed in the end zone for a safety touch during this
Part of the blame for the loss has to be placed on the much touted
Texas Wishbone Offence. Head Coach Frank Gnup admits it is geared to
a running quarterback. As last year's conference All-Star quarterback
and leading passer, Tarves is not famous for his running ability, the
Wishbone has been dropped.
Aside from a couple of defensive errors that led to Manitoba's first
TD, the defence did a credible job. The 'Birds will have to cure their
offensive ills to rate as conference contender.
The 'Birds next game is Saturday against the powerful U. of Alberta
Golden Bears in Edmonton. The team will have to improve considerably
to win.
The UBC Thunderbird football
team has just completed their first
game and already they're headed
for trouble. That's early in the
year, even for this year's
In UBC's 22-0 loss to the U. of
Manitoba on Saturday, the same
old symptoms presented themselves as they have every fall for
the pcist few years. Among other
things, they're too slow.
It's all the more a pity because
this year they have a capable
quarterback in Jim Tarves, last
year's Western Intercollegiate
Athletic Conference all-star.
In his fine rookie season last
year, Tarves threw three 88
completions in 199 attempts for
1,120 yards and five touchdowns.
Included in this were 28 interceptions.
But so far this year the line has
not given him the time to throw.
However, the line did the job last
year and should be able to do it
again this year.
Coach Frank Gnup talked
about the team's problems Monday. He ran down a list of about
fifty names of players that had quit
for one reaon or another.
Some had been injured, many
were too small, and some had just
disappeared. Gnup never mentions
any "bad" football players; he's
not that sort of guy. His kids just
seem to have strange problems at
the wrong time.
For example, in Saturday's
game one of the starting backs
found he couldn't remember- the
There were seven of them, 14 if
you count left and right.
"This kid had been through
each play perhaps one thousand
times in the last two weeks of
practice, and suddenly he didn't
know where to go," explained
Another problem is that on any
given day, a receiver won't be able
to catch the ball. "I know he can
catch it," sais Gnup, "but he
doesn't catch it. What are you
supposed to do?"
There's probably nothing
anyone can do to make a receiver
catch the ball. Only he knows how
he missed.
Although it's getting on irt the
season, Gnup's still looking for
prospects. The team practices at
five p.m. in the Thunderbird
_*fc    S*S*K
THUNDERBIRD PLANS FOR WIN go astray as UBC's Brian Holden drops pass. Miscues plagued 'Birds on
route to 22-0 rout at hands of U. of Manitoba Bisons.
In the course of a game,
your skate is punished
by sticks, skate blades
and pucks. So you need
a skate that can take it
... a skate made by
Daoust protection
The famous Daoust boot
is made of high quality
materials — tike finest
Kangaroo leather —
chosen for strength and
durability, inter-lined
with ballistic nylon mesh
andjined with English
kip leather provides
all-round foot protection.
The rigid box toe is
guaranteed. And on top
of all this ... the Daoust
Daoust performance
Just as a player must
perform under pressure,
a skate must perform
under punishment. . .
and Daoust skates do
just that. An example is,
the Daoust National 300
— illustrated above.
Before this skate leaves
the plant in Montreal,
the blade is tested for
strength and resistance
on the Rockwell scale.
It must register a reading
of 58 to 60 — guaranteeing the DAOUST standards
of excellence.
With over 75 years of
experience, DAOUST has
created an impressive
line of skates - ranging
from the superb National
300' to the rugged Junior
Pro ... the skate for the
future superstar.
„ A    The DAOUST line
tilt.      also includes
Jltffk     lady's skates.
W^S& Of solid
-*:*«::«.*»*   construction
and elegant look, this
model — the Ice Ballet —
is a Daoust top seller.
The official skate of the
National Hockey League
Players Association Page 32
Tuesday, September 12, 1972
Ubyssey editors wanted a picture of the Monday morning bike protest. However photog
Dirk Visser thinks he is some kind of artsy-fartsy camera bug. So Visser turned up with
this. He calls it: "A study of metal on rook."


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