UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 28, 1980

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Array AMS bungling stops Greer
Members of the Alma Mater
Society programs committee have
charged that AMS executive inefficiency is the main reason Germaine
Greer did not speak as scheduled at
UBC last week.
Peter Mitchell, a member of the
programs committee, said on
Thursday "delays in processing the
contract" by executive members
caused Greer's agent to book
According to Mitchell, a verbal
agreement had been reached to
book Greer. A contract was then
given to AMS finance director Len
Clarke to sign but the contract was
never forwarded to Greer's agent.
"We received a call from the
booking agent that Germaine had
booked elsewhere because we
hadn't sent the contract" said Mitchell.
According to Mitchell, the programs committee then discovered
the contract had never been sent
"Ten days later when we checked
it was still there" Mitchell said.
Mitchell charged that this incident is representative of bigger pro
blems in the AMS bureaucracy.
"Things don't function around
here fast enough for concerts or
speakers," he said.
AMS programs co-ordinator
Meryl Aydin agreed with many of
Mitchell's criticisms.
"It was too slow for our signing
officer to sign a contract" she said.
Aydin did add, however, that
perhaps the structure was more at
fault than the people involved.
But Clarke denied there was
anything wrong with current procedures.
"I don't think we need a pro
cedural change," he said. "I suggest the program co-ordinator
should make sure it is signed."
Clarke claimed he did not recall
why there was a problem signing the
"I remember it was on my desk
for a while" he said, though he added that he "couldn't remember"
why it had not been sent off.
"It was probably because the person in charge didn't take charge"
he said.
AMS director of administration
Craig Brooks, another of the signing officers, agreed it was not the
executive's responsibility to ensure
contracts are signed on time.
"If you just leave things on a
desk, that's a poor way to get a contract in on time" he said.
Brooks added that though this is
the first time he knows of a contract
being lost for such reasons
something should be done. He said
it would be discussed at the next executive meeting.
Greer was to speak at UBC on
Nov. 21 but the speech was supposedly cancelled because of "personal" reasons.
EXAC plans
for surplus
Vol. LXIII. No. 34
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, November 28,1980
The external affairs committee
has wasted no time in mating suggestions for ways to use the anticipated $200,000 Alma Mater
Society surplus for the 1979-80
operating year.
EXAC's proposals include:
• an off campus housing
registry, possibly extended to
serve the lower mainland;
• work on the coalition for a
safe campus, including prepartion
of a package to be inserted in next
year's registration kit;
• hiring of a full-time researcher
for the AMS to assist student and
council members in obtaining facts
and history on student issues;
• and an exchange of students
and information with other Canadian universities.
The proposals should be ready
for discussion in student council by
January according to external affairs co-ordinator Al Soltis.
Meanwhile, administration director Craig Brooks has tried to justify
the huge surplus.
"Percentage-wise it (the surplus)
is not small, but it's not a large part
of the AMS funds when you consider we go through seven figures of
money every year," said Brooks.
"I'd rather have a surplus any
day than a deficit," he said.
Student senator Chris Niwinski
agreed a surplus is better than a
deficit, but felt $200,000 was a little
high. He argued with the business
philosophy of Clarke.
"I think Len (Clarke) has been
running (the Pit) as a corporate
facility and not a student service,"
Niwinski said. "I don't think we
should be subsidizing the Pit, but
neither should it be making big profits."
"If you look at what Len has
done, he has guaranteed the union
(AMS) will not go bankrupt but
now we have to use it (the surplus)
for the students."
The surplus has been sharply
criticized by several student council
members and apparently came as a
surprise to most. Arts representative Brian Roach called the
surplus "humiliating, not even em-
See page 3: SURPLUS
Xmas exit
Since we're too distracted by visions of sugar plums dancing in our
heads, we will not be publishing
The Ubyssey on Tuesday or Thursday next week. Next Friday's special feature issue will be the last
issue of the 1970s.
Our regular readers (and those
besides administration vice-presidents) should remember the deadline for letters, 'Tween Classes and
Hot Flashes is Wednesday at noon.
Staffers had better remember
they meet for the last time in 1980
on Tuesday at noon in SUB 241k.
FREAKY PHOTOGRAPHER enters distorted world of narcissism and
doppelgangery. Deranged mirror image mimes masochistic fantasies of
fragmentation in modern world of despair and discontent. While friend
frames phantasmagoric photograph, sickoid at right struts for fearless
— eric sajgsrlson photo
photog on concrete mindscape of anonymous superior being. Twisted
shapes on Sedgewick smokestack provide amusement for passersby, but
can be dangerous trap to cultists practising self love. Mind clicks, body
shudders and sickoid snaps what may be the final image.
SFU tuition increase parallels UBC's
Canadian University Press
Simon Fraser University students
are also going to be slapped with a
tuition fee increase next September,
says the university's administration.
A senate committee report urges
that SFU's tuition fees be
"reasonably consistent" with those
charged by UBC. The report calls
for regular tuition increases,
perhaps based on Vancouver's consumer price index.
The report did not specify a
preferred hike, which will be decided by SFU's board of governors on
Jan. 27.
SFU students can expect little
support from their student society,
as elected officials disclaim responsibility for fighting the fee hike.
Student forum has not reached
quorum in six months, which has
prevented the society from taking a
stand against tuition increases, said
student society president-elect Jim
"I have a lot of criticism over the
fact that this (student) administra
tion has done bugger-all," said
Crawley, who becomes president
Jan. 1. "I find that unforgivable
that they don't have a co-ordinated
But Crawley said he is not
responsible for organizing any
student protest. "I don't have a
plan. They don't have a forum. My
hands are tied."
And   outgoing   president   Bill
Goodacre also absolves himself
from responsibility. "We're a lame
duck forum right now," he said.
"We only have three or four weeks
left in our mandate."
Crawley said that if tuition increases, so should services provided
to students. For instance, if fees
rise 10 per cent, students should
spend 10 per cent more time seekng
assistance and support services, he
If SFU's administration decides
to keep tuition levels equal with
those at the other universities, it will
be revising past policy. UBC's
board has decided that tuition fees
should finance at least 10 per cent
of the university's operating
budget, while last year fees paid by
SFU students covered 8.6 per cent
of the budget.
Political circus hit* campus
UBC students will hit the polling stations in
January to select their board of governors and senate
Deadlines for nominations to either position is Friday, Dec. 19. The nominating papers must be turned
in to the registrar's office.
So far only one student, senator Chris Niwinski,
has officially announced his intention to run for onet
of two seats on the board.
Niwinski speculated his running mates may include
Alma Mater Society vice-president Marlea Haugen
and current board representative Anthony Dickinson. All three are engineering students.
Another potential board candidate is Maureen
Boyd, chair of student council's standing committee
on tuition and student aid. Boyd, aa attsstedent, hit
the AMS political scene in October when she and two
other women started a petition against ftutioti fee increases which collected I,S00 signatures.
Senate has 17 student representatives. There are
five at-large positions to be filled, plus each faculty
selects one representative each. Last year, each at-
large position was acclaimed as were nearly all the
faculty positions.
Elections for student council executives will take
place two weeks after the board and senate elections,
but nominations for the five positions are not due
until early January. Page 2
Friday, November 28,1980
Soroka, KKK speak in the same tongue
The title given to Mr. Allen Soroka's latest letter, Fascism attacks
freedoms (The Ubyssey Nov. 20), is
sadly ironic. Of course, it is true
that fascism does attack our freedoms, but this attack comes as
much from Mr. Soroka's brand of
Marxist-Leninism as it does from
the Ku Klux Klan's racism.
It is my opinion that the political
ideas of Mr. Soroka and his comrades actually promote the fascist
tendencies in Canadian society, rather than eliminate them.
One sign of fascist thought is bad
writing, and Mr. Soroka's letter
would make Orwell rage, so full is it
of distorted and misused language,
half-truths, and distortions of fact.
Let us look at some examples.
In the very first sentence Mr. Soroka speaks of "racists and fascists"
as "these murderers." Mr. Soroka
said after his recent debate that as a
Marxist-Leninist he believes in the
violent overthrow of the Canadian
"ruling class."
Does this mean that Mr. Soroka
would gladly see, for example, the
neck of J. V. Clyne wrung if it served the cause of forcing his version
of Communism on Canadians? It
seems that violence as violence is
not considered wrong, unless it is
used by one's enemies.
Now, if the term "racists and
fascists" is meant to describe the
entire KKK, then it is true that both
now and in the past some among its
members have been killers, part of a
cowardly and sickening carnage.
But what we are really interested
in is the activities of the KKK here
and now. As much as we might suspect the Vancouver KKK of potential violence, it does no good to
turn such fears and speculations into assumed fact.
It is a serious error to telescope a
possible future into the present and
then speak of it as proven fact. It
would be the same kind of error to
place crimes of the Albanian Communist Party, which I believe he
supports, on Mr. Soroka's head.
It is not true that any KKK members in Vancouver are murderers,
because they haven't murdered anyone. If Mr. Soroka has received information that a member of the
KKK in Vancouver has killed, I
hope he will bring that information
forward soon.
Actually, I really think that the
word "murderers" is used purely
for emotional impact, in order to
stir up hatred, and not to represent
the truth. This leads one to fear that
in the Utopia of Mr. Soroka's ideal
they would dispense with such "liberal formalities" as waiting for a
crime to be committed before
charging someone with it, the concept of a person being innocent until proven guilty, and the right to
defence. Far easier (is this not what
lies behind the clotted vocabulary?)
to blow any and all suspected "racists and fascists" right off the street
and to hell with them. This, I believe, is what Mr. Soroka calls
"A common front exists against
the right of the people to oppose
racists and fascists such as the Ku
Klux Klan. . ." says Mr. Soroka. If
by a "common front" (it is said to
include The Ubyssey, the Vancouver Sun, the CBC, the B.C. Federation of Labor's "reactionary trade
union bigwigs," and others) Mr.
Soroka intends to suggest something deliberate, planned, or cooperative, he must have raised howls
in a number of back rooms.
Of course, "common front," like
the terms "the people," "racists
and fascists," and "self-defence,"
is a loaded phrase, a trick word in
Mr. Soroka's moveable vocabulary
that once had a plain, accepted
meaning but which is now used
where it should not be, confusing
rather than clarifying.
In this way the political language
degenerates into a kind of meccano
set of ready-made phrases waiting
to be bolted together without
thought or concern for reality. They
are "racists and fascists," "murderers," and "goons;" we are "progressive," and entitled to "self-defence."
"Self-defence is the only way!"
"Fascists have no right to speak!"
Such words think for you — just
add shouting. And that is exactly
the result that the KKK aims for
when it makes use of such lying slogans as "racial purity is Canada's
Mr. Soroka goes on to make a
series of more and more outrageous
claims. He states that Marxist-Leninists ". . .do not have this 'right'
of free speech in practice." It would
be too easy for me to point out that
his letter was published, that he recently participated in a well-attended public debate, and that Marxist-
Leninist literature is distributed on
campus. Perhaps we will get some
concrete instances — in Mr. Soroka's next letter.
Here is the statement that I find
amongst the most incredible: "The
state of the rich which is the organizer and the sponsor of racist and
fascist violence must not be counted
on to defend the people." It is as if
any connection between language
and reality is abandoned.
As far as I know, the Canadian
state (whether or not it is "of the
rich") is not by any standard the organizer of the KKK at all, nor, so
far, in any real sense its sponsor. If
this is to be considered at all, you
must present facts, not more accusations and assumptions.
No racist (or anyone else, to be
precise) has any "right" to terrorize
and utter violent threats at any family. That this has and is happening
in Vancouver is disgusting, and it
must be stopped.
However, lawless violence in the
guise of "self-defence" is not the
solution to lawless violence. You
can't use goons to control goons
and expect anything but the rule of
the goons.
Mr. Soroka does not believe in
this country's legal and judicial process (odd that as a law librarian he
helps to train students in that very
process) or in the reform of that
process or in any means of receiving
justice regarding the actions of the
KKK at the hands of Canada's
"ruling class."
I'm not surprised. Mr. Soroka
himself said after the debate that if
he were to try and have the KKK
outlawed for proposing violence or
distributing hate literature, he
himself would be in danger of being
charged. As Mr. Soroka has said,
he can't make use of legal channels
against the KKK because his own
activities would be considered very
similar. Could this be the real reason Mr. Soroka urges "self-defence" and critiques Canadian law
as useless?
When all the fluff is blown away,
the ideas Mr. Soroka sets forth really amount to this: "The KKK is
wrong. They would force their ideas
on Canadians with goons, hate literature, lies and violence. That is
wrong, if you're a racist or fascist.
If you are a Marxist-Leninist however such methods may be necessary. Because we are right. Bully-
worship by KKK-type fascists is
wrong, but it is alright for us."
Well, those are very reactionary,
very sick ideas, even when uttered
by a self-proclaimed progressive.
We must not fall for them.
It is essential to uphold the principles of basic political decency:
that   bad   language   hides   bad
thoughts; that might does not make
right; that eve,n if you think that
you know the truth it does not
mean because of that that any
means or action to attain that truth
is justified; and above all, that if
you think a person is wrong it does
not mean that they cease to be human and lose their human rights.
Let us not be consumed by the very
poison we wish to combat.
Fraser Easton
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Pushbutton tuning. Dolby circuitry
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CO PiOMeerc
Pioneer KP-7500 with Dolby,
chrome and metal tape capacity,
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supertuner II and TS-164 6Y2"
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Page 3
Policies slammed
Aggies attack Hewitt
HEWITT . . . never  got breaks
B.C. agriculture minister James Hewitt
came under heavy attack from agriculture
students and professors for the Social Credit
government's attitude toward young farmers
and foreign ownership of farmland.
Hewitt, speaking to more than 100 people
Wednesday in MacMillan 166, began his
speech with a promotional talk on the Insurance Corporation of B.C.'s F.A.I.R. program, but after heckling from the audience
turned the discussion toward agriculture.
(Hewitt is the minister responsible for ICBC.)
"Agriculture is an industry in this province," Hewitt said. Agricultural production
has increased an average of eight per cent annually since 1976, he said.
In 1976, when self-sufficiency in food was
43 per cent, the provincial government set a
goal of 65 per cent self-sufficiency by 1985.
Today the province can meet 45 per cent of
its needs, but Hewitt defended the small increase, saying "immigration into the province has contributed to the poor growth and
we're doing well to hold the line above 43 per
"It's one of the things we have to work
But agriculture students and professors in
the audience questioned the Social Credit
government's commitment to aid farmers,
particularly new farmers, and preservation of
farmland in Canadian hands.
"No program exists to serve (graduate students entering farming), and I'm not sure
that's what our role should be," Hewitt said.
While students felt that the land bank concept was a valid and workable system, Hewitt
said the success of the program was questionable and that he was not sure if "that was
the way to go."
(Saskatchewan offers a land bank, where
the province buys farms from retiring farmers and leases back the farms to young farmers on a lease-to-own basis. Students at the
meeting complained that the only way to own
a farm today is by inheriting one.)
But Hewitt said the government is already
offering enough programs to farmers, without focusing on young farmers. "Nobody
Change needed, net charity
Third world countries need support to
achieve self-reliance and are not interested in
handouts that promote dependence on short
term Western aid, an Oxfam-Canada
representative said Thursday.
"We're more concerned with solidarity
rather than charity," Paul Puritt, a project
development officer who recently returned
from a trip throughout southern Africa, told
about 50 students in Buch. 205.
"We don't appeal to people's guilt. It's
dishonest to show you a picture of a starving
baby and pretend the situation is going to
change by helping one baby. These people
need help to build their communities and I
think they're probably insulted by programs
to adopt one of them," he said.
Puritt explained that Oxfam has changed
its emphasis over the last 10 year from
disaster relief to continuous support programs for local projects involving education,
agriculture and skill training.
"The last few years we haven't been getting much money from big corporations
because we're not really on their side. We depend on support from ordinary people and in
fact our new approach to fundraising has
been very successful," he said.
Puritt attacked Canadian corporations and
banks for their role in supporting the South
African apartheid regime and in stalling
negotiations on independence for Namibia.
"There has been no progress on Namibia
because the western nations involved are
more concerned with guaranteeing the security of private investments," he said. "Companies like Falconbridge are scooping out the
uranium, diamonds and other minerals as
fast as they can and then they might turn the
country over to the people."
Puritt also had words for the western
media. "I met journalists in Salisbury who
covered the elections and some of them were
the worst kind of racists."
He told a story where he went to the editor
of the Ottawa Citizen to ask about the rewriting of coverage of Zimbabwe. "The guy
had a poster on his wall from the Rhodesian
military with a soldier sitting on a tank and
the message 'the buck stops here.'
"Kenneth Thomson owns the Hudson Bay
Company who have been making large investments in Namibia. Don't expect that the
coverage is going to change much," he said.
Puritt presented an extensive slide show illustrating Oxfam work in assisting refugees
and developing local projects in Zimbabwe,
Tanzania, Mozambique, Angola, Cape
Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
He outlined three criteria for approval of
Oxfam projects: a community basis where
people help themselves, an active role for
women, and planning for long term benefits.
"We don't intend to transform the whole
third world, but we do want to transform
Canadians' views," he said. "We want peo-
Capitalism affects childh
• I •
With the rise of capitalism in the late 18th
century attitudes toward childhood changed
dramatically, according to a Danish historian
Kirsten Protner.
Surplus yes,
deficit no
From page 1
harassing, especially as it's the second year in
a row we've had an unconscionable profit."
Until a final audit is received by the AMS,
the exact amount of the surplus will not be
known, but according to figures in a report
issued by AMS finance director Len Clarke,
the surplus will be approximately $200,000.
Most of the surplus is due to excess
revenue, Clarke said, including a $40,000
surplus over a budgeted profit of $30,000 for
the Pit.
"Okay, we've got a surplus, and we've got
to decide what to do with it that is best for
the students," Niwinski said. "People should
be asking critical, constructive questions at
the next council meeting."
The students pointed out that the surplus is
from last year's budget and Clarke is the only
executive who was part of last year's council.
"The surplus is from the 1979-80 budget,"
Soltis said. "The important thing is that we
spend the money this year right."
"Last year people were too embroiled in
the constitutional debate to worry about
spending money," Brooks said. "This year
the budgeting is tighter and a close watch will
be kept on expenses and revenues."
Brooks said a surplus is generally expected
because the AMS minimizes revenue and
maximizes expenditures in its budget. But until this month the only report on actual costs
and revenue was available in the annual
Protner told 35 people in Buch. 202 Thursday that the major shift in attitudes toward
children was in ideas about sexuality.
The French attitude in the 17th century "is
characterized by what (Philippe) Aries (a
noted childhood historian) calls playful cuddling," said Protner.
Aries theorized child sexuality, at that
time, was considered an amusement for adults but was later accompanied by a belief
discipline should be used to curb sex play, she
She added this idea was first employed by
the wealthy merchant bourgeoisie in Northern European nations such as England.
But she said Aries' theory does not explain
why the middle classes were the first to adopt
those ideas and at that time.
"The difference between the ideology and
the reality of childhood isn't contained in
Aries' theory."
During the Middle Ages children learned
about life in a very concrete work situation,
there was no nuclear family kinship group
and no separation of ages or classes, she said.
"Children weren't barred as children from
any activity."
But in the late 18th century, with the beginning of industrialization, children had to become more technically qualified to work and
"formal training for adulthood" began, she
The individual child, she said, had to be
prepared for social and technological
changes. Capitalism then became "a whole
mode of social interaction."
In the 20th century attitudes towards children have shifted once again, she said. "We
gave me anything," he said, when referring
to the land bank proposal. "Besides, how
would you decide who to give the land to?"
Hewitt saw nothing wrong with the government's current policy towards foreign ownership of farmland, although he did say the
government will look into restrictive legislation. Five provinces currently have policies
regarding foreign ownership.
Hewitt said foreign ownership of agricultural land is increasing in B.C., especially in
the Peace River area, where over 20 per cent
of the farms are owned by absentee foreign
owners, predominantly West Germans.
But he did not see it as a serious concern.
"After all, the land may be foreign owned,
but it isn't removed from B.C., so that's not
a problem," he said. The land is a good investment for owners, he said.
Hewitt did acknowledge that while foreign
owners cannot remove the land from the province they do often allow it to run down or lie
PURITT ... no guilt trips needed
pie to feel a direct connection with the struggles that are happening and not believe the
simplistic nonsense they get in the media."
PROTNER . . . kids and capitalism
seem to see children as little innocents who
can't think themselves unless we lead them
"I think to grasp that whole difference in
social perception, is very important in the history of childhood."
Talk needed, net pelitical formula
In the Middle East, personal differences
are settled by force and the price is always
blood, a visiting Egyptian student said Thursday.
Kamal Abdulrnalik, the first Egyptian student ever to study at the Hebrew University
in Jerusalem, said discussion, not political
formula, is needed to solve the problems of
the Middle East.
Commenting on the normalization talks
between Egypt and Israel, Abdulrnalik said
both governments had reached the point of
no return in their quests for peace.
He said a major source of conflict between
the two nations was rooted in the lack of
communication between the two peoples.
"Arabs see Israel as a mobile home, as a
Zionist entity that can be removed," he said.
"This is because they have no immediate
contact with the reality of Israel."
Abdulrnalik has spent the past year studying at the Hebrew university in Jerusalem.
"Israel was our forbidden fruit," he said.
"My desire to know about Israel was the
same as Adam's. To go through all prohibitions and eat of the fruit."
He received a scholarship from the Hebrew
university in 1978 and arrived in Tel Aviv in
July of 1979. After working for three weeks
on a kibbutz he enrolled at the university.
He said his experiences have taught him
"individuals can do something. And it is the
responsibility of everyone of goodwill to try
and contribute to some kind of understanding."
Abdulrnalik is in Vancouver to write a
book on his Israeli experiences and plans to
attend UBC in January. His talk Thursday
was part of the National Jerusalem Day celebrations.
Students fighting for
Students are mobilizing to fight for greater student aid at UBC, student board of governors representative John Pellizon said Wednesday.
But Pellizon said students are facing a major obstacle in their battle because they don't
have easy access to the necessary information on the adequacy of student aid.
According to Pellizon, UBC awards office Byron Hender has enough funds to provide
financially desperate students with enough money to survive the year. But Pellizon said
next year looks bleak for students.
"Even Byron (Hender) is worried about funding for next year," he said.
To state student concerns on student aid and demand more information on the issue,
student council's standing committee on tuition and financial aid will make a presentation
to the board at its next meeting Tuesday. Page 4
Friday, November 28,1980
m //i
A poor record
•P*   ■' -iOtSK "*. •   w*0" /• ';:-*-i •
November 28,1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by tha Alma Mater Society of tha University of
B.C. Editorial opiniona are those of the staff and not of the
AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian
University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office ia in
room 241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial departments. 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Verne McDonald
Miaguided revolutionary typea had once again taken control of The Ubyssey newsroom, searching for
a kneejerk cauae. "Release the margin!" screamed vanguardiat Gene Long. "Spring the Underwood
Five," shoutsd Shaffin Shariff, Stsve McClure and Ward Strong. "Free the ahiftl" chanted Eric Eg-
gertson, Julie Wheelwright and Liz Pope. "Back the spacel" added Greg Fjettand, Lori Thicke and
Charlea Campbell. Arne Hermenn, Chria Fulker end Keith Baldrey saw that the masses were responding and started putting in red ribbons. Nancy Campbell, James Young and Maggie Mooney pried
dollar signs off the keys in anticipation of the emancipation. Jamee Gass, Kerry Regier end Even Mclntyre began educating the lower cases while Larry Bibby and Glen Sanford planned a purge of the upper cesss. BM Tieleman, comrade news commisssr, tabulated the key events. David Robertson and
Brad Fisher drafted a carbon paper on future struggles. Only Verne McDonald missed out on the revolution. Ha simply sat in e comer, popping magic margina.
Germaine Greer almost spoke here at UBC.
The reason she didn't should trouble even more
people than were disappointed when it was announced her speech was cancelled.
Though some people view her as having a narrow range of things to say because she is
primarily a feminist, she is nevertheless one of
the foremost thinkers and sociologists of our
time. Along with the likes of Ralph Nader, John
Kenneth-Galbraith or William F. Buckley, Jr. she
represents the world that is to come and to
which we will become a part of when we
So why did she not speak at UBC, this most
prestigous place of learning, the largest educational institution west of Toronto?
If you were to take the simplest and most
direct view, it was because Len Clarke forgot to
sign and process the paper work that would have
ensured her visit.
Clarke, the Alma Mater Society finance director, pleads he was not responsible. The programs committee should have been making sure
the paperwork was done, he says.
Fine. Except that was exactly what the programs committee was doing when it sent the
paperwork to Clarke's office for approval. We
are left with two possible reasons for the failure
of the proposal: Len Clarke really didn't care
whether the speech took place or not; or the
AMS is even more incompetent than anyone
The first possibility cannot be dismissed lightly. Though we hesitate to charge a member of
the AMS executive with deliberately abusing his
powers to further his own causes and beliefs,
prior evidence cautions us to examine the idea
It is known Clarke disagrees with the way The
Ubyssey organizes itself and does its job, and it
was Clarke who supported the summertime
madness motion to have student council take
over editorial control of the student newspaper.
Clarke has been consistent in his criticism of
the women's committee, and it was Clarke who
pushed for the ludicrous reduction of that service,
organization's budget to $800.
Now a speaker was coming to campus who
expresses views it is known Clarke disagrees
with and the request for lecturer's fees, several
thousand dollars worth, gets 'lost' in the papers
on Clarke's desk.
Maybe a few thousand dollars is so trivial an
amount for our finance director to have a lapse
of memory about, especially when he's engineering six-figure surpluses for reasons that escape
everybody. No one, after all, has been paying
much attention to those things that serve
students or that students want.
It's been that way since the beginning of the
term. In September students returned to find a
15 per cent increase in beer prices — even
though it was already known Pit profits were
already double those expected. In October the
AMS fiddled while the board of governors put
the finishing touch on a tuition fee hike, then
began a fee "fight" that displayed little of the
hard work among the few involved so much as it
displayed lack of concern and interest among the
majority of the student council and executive.
If we are to be thankful this Christmas season,
it can at least be for the fact that nominations
have begun to open for a new crop of concerned
students to make themselves known and run for
positions in the bodies that govern us. Next term
will be a period of transition and those students
who have found themselves becoming active out
of frustration and anger will have an opportunity
to seek positons where they can tum their
energy to good use.
The old guard can't last. We have both an
AMS president, Bruce Armstrong, and a finance
director who are in their second year in their
positions. Administration director Craig Brooks
is in his third year in an AMS office. It's time for a
few new faces.
We need a new AMS, one that will have an attitude of serving its members rather than seeing
them as secondary, mere obstacles on the road
to monuments, redundant computer systems
and comfy chairs in the executive suite.
CPC(M-L) uses its grey matter to confuse
I very strongly support criticism
of the so-called UBC committee
against racist and facist violence.
The letter of the Simon Fraser people (Nov. 20) is well founded. As
they noted, the former group is a
front for a body called CPC (M-L)
chaired by one Hardial Bains.
Some irreverent souls allegedly
have called him "Hardly Any
Brains". Unfortunately, the CFC
(M-L) and its chairman have the
normal amount of grey matter but
from the hallowed sanctuaries of
universities have found ample opportunities to confuse and mislead
people and also disrupt meetings.
In past years, if the CPC(M-L)
and its various front organizations
cannot disrupt meetings by its
bleating (always overloaded with
dogmatic and oversimplified
rhetoric), it is quite ready to bash
people into submission. This is part
of a deliberate policy to disrupt and
break up progressive movements.
To many, the CPC(M-L) may seem
to be laughable and indeed part of
its strategy is to discredit broad-
based organizations.
Thus, it is incredible that UBC
student council voted to support in
principle one of the front organizations (the so-called front against
racism and facism) of the
CPC(M-L). Unfortunately, the
council did not seek out independent information on this group but
were instead content to accept the
word of a spokesperson of the
I, thus, was glad to read that The
Ubyssey has recognized the above
group of goons for what it is — a
divisive bunch. However, I disagree
with other sentiments in editorial
(Nov. 13) which argued for freedom
of speech for all, fascists included.
Not all facist or extremist groups
are as small as the CPC(M-L) or
confined largely to enclaves
amongst the ivy-covered towers of
learning and scholarship (such as
Thus, the Ku Klux Klan will not
bend to the force of learned debate
nor will it disappear simply because
many people find it repugnant.
Rather, it takes advantage and
spreads amidst apathy or indifference.
As evidenced by the recent acquittal of the KKK thugs who
murdered   in   the  southern   U.S.
(faithfully recorded by television
cameras), fascist organizations may
indeed get away with blue murder.
It is, then, foolhardy and dangerous
to allow platforms to such
Al Carter
Activism warms cold night
Help it happen
Last Friday Ralph Nader talked
to UBC and SFU students about the
'80s, about a world (and a province) that is beset with troubles,
but is amenable to change, and
about student citizenship.
He told us that the process of
society should not be run by expertise alone, but also by humane concerns. He pointed out that we, as
students, will be running this society in a few years, and now is our
great opportunity to develop both
the expertise and the humanity to
shape society in the interests of all.
He said, in essence, that we can
help ourselves by helping the
public, by forming a Public Interest
Research Group (PIRG).
More than 100 students agreed
with Mr. Nader last Friday by signing up with our PIRG organizing
committee, of (in part) the Environmental Interest Group. Of
course, the concerns of a PIRG
would be much broader, and the
power much greater, than the EIG
can claim; PIRG as such will be independent.
Help us make it happen!
Arle Kruckeberg,
UBC PIRG organizing committee,
You published no report on an
extremely important and timely
event — the demonstration and
founding conference of the
People's Front Against Racist and
Fascist Violence of Nov. 22.
Your readers will be pleased to
know that over 175 groups and
organizations endorsed the conference. The Alma Mater Society, a
group of UBC Law students, and
numerous individuals from UBC
were among those who sent
messages of warm support and attended the demonstration and conference.
The physical education undergraduate society wishes to pledge $2
per mile to the Rickathon being
held Nov. 29 at 12 noon. We also
urge you to come out and support
Rick Hansen's 20 mile wheel
around UBC campus! Lots of luck
Rick — we'll be pulling for sunshine Saturday afternoon!
P. Lueke
physical education
undergraduate society
About 2,000 strong, the
demonstrators gathered at the
Georgia Street courthouse and
gloriously marched to Main and
43rd Street, uniting in action to
found the People's Front.
A UBC library worker told me on
Monday morning that she was really inspired to see all the different
people, from all races and walks of
life, united against the KKK racist
thugs. She said that even though it
was a cold night, she felt warmed
The People's Front Against
Racist and Fascist Violence is off to
a great start and will be carrying its
work in defence of the people's
rights and liberties at UBC too.
Allen Soroka
UBC committee against racist and
Go back to library
Flipping through past editions of
The Ubyssey I came across a letter
by Allen Soroka in the Oct. 28
In this letter, Soroka tells us that
Lenin and Stalin safeguard the
rights of minority peoples in the
Soviet Union.
I suggest that Mr. Soroka should
go back to the library. The crimes
of Stalin against minorities are well
documented. In the cause of the
good of the country (or the good of
Stalin?) Stalin massacred large
numbers of Muslims, Jews and
Ukrainians (unlike what Soroka
tells us) among others.
Stalin and his 'comrades' were
not interested in human rights but
in power. When the Bolsheviks
came to power in 1917, the Russian
Empire was automatically incorporated into 'republics'. The
citizens of these republics had no
say in their future. If they disagreed
with Moscow, Moscow silenced
them — even if it meant mass
Perhaps Soroka should think
again about what is communist and
who (or what) the real communists
El-Farouk Khaki
arts 1 Friday, November 28, 1980
Page 5
Constitution too important for politicians
The following is a brief being presented to
the joint parliamentary committee on the
constitution by the Committee to Democratize the Constitutional Debate. It was written
on behalf of the committee by Philip Resnick, an associate professor of political science at UBC.
The federal government has seen fit to introduce an act to patriate the British North
America Act and include in it a Bill of
Rights, clauses respecting language and
economic union, and an amending procedure. It has done so following some 20
years of federal-provincial discussions on the
constitution, and in a context in which
unanimous agreement has repeatedly eluded
both parties.
TRUDEAU . . . disregards consequences
Quebec governments since the Quiet Revolution have tended to oppose any patriation
which did not involve recognition of
Quebec's distinct status as the homeland of
the French Canadians. Western Canada in
recent years has become increasingly conscious of its economic power, leading provincial governments to articulate positions on
resource ownership that challenge federal
economic power.
Not surprisingly, some of the provincial
governments see the present federal actions
as a coup de force, and are seeking by legal
and other means to block unilateral federal
action. Conversely, the federal government
and prime minister Pierre Trudeau in particular, seem determined to cut the Gordian
knot whatever the short- or long-term consequences.
We do not identify with either the federal
or provincial governments in the present situation. We think the business of constitution-
making is very important, so important in
fact, that we cannot leave it solely to our
elected politicians.
In a democracy, the constitution can be
seen as something like a social contract. It is
no ordinary piece of legislation to be rushed
through either parliament or the legislatures
in the same way as a bill on tariffs or taxation
or even social security. It is meant to be the
fundamental law by which we live and will
continue to live for decades to come.
As such, it may well override any particular pieces of legislation to come, and will set
forth the basic rights of the citizen, of the different levels of government, as well as the
framework of our national, or more correctly, bi-national existence.
The citizens of this country must have their
say in what so fundamental a document lays
down. For it is from them — not from parliament, certainly not from a crowned head of
state — that authority and legitimacy directly
We are arguing, then, that popular sovereignty must be the cornerstone of any future
constitution. That being the case, it is no less
important than that sovereignty be recognized in the very procedures by which we go
about getting a Canadian constitution. Unilateral decision-making by the federal government and even by the federal government
in conjunction with the provinces is no substitute for popular involvement.
The BNA Act was arrived at by politicians
who did not have any particular mandate to
engage in constitution-making. The meetings
leading up to 1867 took place essentially behind closed doors, and the resulting document was never submitted to the people of
the two Canadas or the Maritimes for their
The precedent in terms of democracy was a
bad one. It is no accident that the BNA Act
places the emphasis on peace, order and good
government rather than on the rights of the
The BNA Act, moreover, is a colonial
piece of legislation, written in the pedestrian
language worthy of a municipal incorporation bill, but lacking in power and majesty.
Many of its provisions have long since lost
their raison d'etre, while its lacunae are legion. This has led to a hodge podge of improvisations and amendments, and to a process in which the judicial branch, in this case
the judicial committee of the privy council,
LEVESQUE . . . shouldn't have veto
often played the determining role. We have
had patchiness on the one hand and judicial
rule on the other, at least equal in its consequences to what has occurred in the United
Our position is that Canada needs a brand
new constitution. It is not enough to patriate
the existing document, not enough to tack on
a limited list of rights, itself full of loopholes
and contradictions, and think that we have
satisfactorily resolved a thing. We will simply
be compounding the problems that stem
from the inadequate constitution-making of
a century ago.
What do we mean when we speak about
popular involvement in the writing of a new
This Friday
Nov. 28th
7:00 p.m.
Buchanan Lounge
Last this term!
constitution? To be sure, a direct democracy
in which 24 million Canadians (or the adult
section thereof) engage in mass constitution-
making is far-fetched. We are unable to recreate the conditions of the Athenian polis or
the small-scale agrarian community in the
large nation-state. But can we not do better
than the abdication of popular sovereignty
that constitution-making has hitherto involved?
For a start, we might ensure that there be a
specially elected assembly for the express purpose of writing a constitution. Such an assembly is usually referred to as constitutional
or constituent assembly, and its functions are
in no way to be confused with those of a normal parliament or legislature.
It would have to be elected for the express
purpose of framing a constitution, and any
draft it eventually agreed to would have to be
submitted to the population for majority approval before it could come into effect.
The election of such a body would itself be
the occasion for intense political discussion in
_every region of the country, in every city,
town and village, of the whole range of issues
a constitution entails. Arguments would be
advanced by those running for election regarding the entrenchment or non-entrenchment of individual and collective rights, different philosophies of rights could be tested,
differing interpretations of federal and provincial power advanced.
It might be wise to make the constituencies
for election to such a body rather larger than
existing parliamentary' ones, involving the
whole of a province or of a large metropolitan area with multiple candidates to be
While many of those elected would no
doubt be identified with existing political parties, election to a constituent assembly might
also allow a number of independents to run
successfully, enhancing the quality of debates
and the final outcome of the deliberations.
Special arrangements might also have to be
made to ensure adequate representation of
native peoples in any assembly and a more
equitable balance between men and women
than tends to be the case today.
We are less concerned here with arguing
the technicalities of how election to a constituent assembly might be arranged than
with advancing the basic principle of some
such body.
Can we allow one person or political party,
which were never elected with a mandate to
rewrite or alter the constitution, to saddle us
with a text for all time? Is Pierre Trudeau to
play the Fathers of Confederation all rolled
into one? Are we, for that matter, to allow
Bill Bennett, Peter Lougheed, Bill Davis or
Rene Levesque a veto power when they too
have no particular mandate from their constituents to speak on the subject of a constitution?
The process in which we have been engaged for almost two decades is undemocratic'
and illegitimate in the extreme, because none
of the actors involved has ever received an express mandate to this end from the electorate.
We ask the parliamentary committee to reject the so-called Canada Act. Much as we
would like to see a Canadian constitution, we
are not prepared to countenance the form
and substance of what the Trudeau government is presenting us with.
The rights therein outlined are woefully inadequate, falling well short of the minimal
guarantees against executive and legislative
abuses a modern constitution requires. The
document deals inadequately with individual
rights and says nothing about collective
rights, e.g. national ones.
has no mandate
It fails to address the distribution of federal and provincial powers, the delineation of
some of the new functions of the modern
state, Canada's international commitments
and responsibilities, the basis of sovereignty,
the framework of democratic institutions. Instead it offers a one-sided set of proposals
which have not been adequately discussed,
have unleashed widespread opposition from
different quarters around the country and
threaten to leave us more divided than united.
If we want a constitution of which future
generations can be proud, we must go about
getting it the right way. That means recognizing that only a document that has been arrived at after the widest possible discussion and
deliberation, after the election of a suitably
representative assembly and subsequent ratification by a majority of Canadians, can really pass the test.
For over a century Canadians have prided
themselves, rightly or wrongly, with living in
a democratic state. Can there be a more important occasion than the writing of a constitution to determine just how much power the
people have in deciding how the political process itself is to be governed?
The issue before this committee, and indeed the country, is, we submit, a question of
democracy. We need to open the doors and
windows on a fusty constitutional process,
and ensure that the elitist precedents of yesterday are not simply repeated once more.
We cannot and will not accept as legitimate
any constitution that does not issue in a direct and unequivocal way from the people of
Canada as a whole.
» * *
An organizing meeting to call for a constitutional constituent assembly will be held
Thursday, Dec. 4 at 7:30 p.m. in room L-3 of
the Britannia Community Centre library, at
1661 Napier.
Perspectives is a column of analysis and
opinion reserved for the use of readers of The
Ubyssey. Submissions must be typed, triple-
spaced on a 70-character line and submitted
to the editor, the scruffy one with no tie, in
SUB 241k.
224-1862 Page 6
Friday, November 28, 1980
'Tween classes
Russian conversation practise, noon, Buch.
Bible study, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 115.
The SpartscJst Leegue, the Trotskyist League's
co-thinkers in the U.S., organized a demonstration on the proposed site of * Ku Klux Klan
march in Detroit. Five hundred rallied, and a
videotape of the demonstration will be shown,
noon. Library Processing Centre 308.
David Henderson spseks on energy snd American foreign policy, noon, Buch. 100.
General meeting, noon. International House
Film: Soyient Green, $1 sdmission, noon, SUB
Yuletide social with Christmas treats, rum and
eggnog, and bzzr, 4 to 7 p.m., SUB party room.
Potluck supper, 5:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus
Dance to La Tropical, $3 for members, $3.50 for
non-members, 8 p.m. to midnight. International
Open volleyball game, 2:30 p.m. Osborne Centre
gym B.
Third world development films: Problems of Aid,
and Development Without Tears? noon. Library
Processing 306.
Organizational meeting for film series next year,
noon, Buch. 205.
Free performance/ demonstration by Terminal
City Dance, noon, SUB party room.
Meetings cancelled until January.
Russian conversation practise, noon, Buch.
Eucharist, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
Public meeting, opportunity to speak out on
campus media, noon, SUB 260.
Dinner and discussion: How do you relate, or do
you? Led by Evelyn Corker, student counselling
services, 6 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Film: California Reich, and discussion with director Walter Parks after showing, $9 admission,
7 p.m., SUB auditorium.
Potluck supper followed  by discussion,  5:30
p.m., Lutheran Csmpus Centre.
Psychology students social night, 7 p.m., SUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 251.
Coffee, tea and refre8hmenta, noon, SUB party
Peter   Seudfildt   givea   informational   lecture,
noon, Henry Angus 104.
Speaker series: Symbolism of evil, noon, SUB
Russian  conversation  practise,   noon,   Friday,
Dec. 5, Buch. 1256.
Second annual Christmas dinner and dance, 6:30
p.m., Grad Centre.
Hot flashes
Don't forget
fo remember
Yes, we know Remembrance Day
was just a second or two ago, but
already Christmas cries out to be
That's why our thoughtful,
analytical and well-researchd
feature issue is the only issue of The
Ubyssey next week (coming Friday
to a campus building near you) and
'Tween Classes or Hot Flashes having anything to do with events oc-
curing in 1980 should be in by
Wednesday at noon.
Those who don't practise remembrance will be turned into
chocolate-covered oatmeal cookies.
Party for you
Friday the P.E.U.S. and Intramurals are having a Rrrrum and
Egg Nog and Beeeree Garden in the
SUB party room from 4 to 7 p.m.
When you recover from that you
can hit the International House for
some more yuletide fun Saturday
night. Then the Gay People of UBC
are sponsoring an all-clubs
Christmas party Thursday. At
noon. Finally, the Gay people of
UBC hold their second annual
Christmas dinner and dance at 6:30
p.m. Friday in the Grad Centre.
Tasty IUrn
Here's a figure for you:
McDonalds has been around twice
as long as Soyient Green.
Soyient Green, starring Charlton
Heston and Edward G. Robinson,
is set in a future society where the
masses must eat synthetic food due
to a shortage of natural food. The
movie will be shown today at noon
in the SUB auditorium.
This grinding film will leave your
flesh tingling and a funny taste in
your mouth.
A Career in
The Chiropractic Profession is playing a significant role in
the delivery of health care to the public of Canada. There
are opportunities for both men and women in this growing
What qualifications must you possess?
- desire to serve your fellow man in a tangible and rewarding way.
- minimum two years university science with one year
standing in chemistry, psychology and biology.
- manual dexterity and highly developed eye-hand skill.
Reference Texts:
"Chiropractors — Do They Help?"  Kelmer,  Hall &
Coulter, 1980.
"New Zealand Report on Chiropractic" Commission of
Inquiry into Chiropractic. October 1979.
JANUARY 31st, 1981.
For More Information Contact:
Vocational Guidance Committee
B.C. Chiropractors Association
6685 Fraser Street
Vancouver, B.C.
Phone: 327-9204
The UBC Invitational Volleyball Tournament
takes place this weekend in War Memorial gym. The
tournament will feature 16 teams and will be played
all day Friday and Saturday.
The only other athletic event taking place on the
campus this weekend is a dual swim meet with the
University of Victoria. The meet takes place Saturday at 2:00 p.m. in the Aquatic Centre.
*   *   •
The men's and women's basketball teams travel to
Victoria to play games Friday and Saturday. The
'Birdmen will be tangling with the UVic Vikings, who
are the current national champions. Both teams are
2-0 in the league play this year. The Thunderettes go
into their games with the Vikettes with a 0-4 record.
It is unlikely that UBC will be able to turn this
around as the UVic women have only lost one game
in the last two years.
The hockey team travels to Saskatoon to meet the
University of Saskatchewan Huskies in 2 games. The
'Birds are 2-4 in league play and are facing a crucial
win situation.
The women's gymnastic team will compete against
the University of Oregon in Eugene on Saturday.
The rugby team will be playing at Brockton park in
Stanley Park this Saturday against the Meralomas.
RATES: Campus - 3 Hn*a, t day *1JB; additional line*. 36c.
Commercial - 3 Una*, 1 day #3.30; additional Une* BOc. AddJtionat days t3.W and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in advene?.
Deadline is 11:00 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Off ice, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C.    V6T2M.
5 — Coming Events
RUMMAGE SALE University Hill Secondary
2896 Acadia. All welcome Fri. Dec. 5
4:00-8:00 p.m. Great buys, baking snacks,
something for the entire family. Auction
6:30 p.m. babysitting.
Free public lecture
Geological Survey of Canada
One of Canada's leading experts or
the subject of volcanoes describes
how they are formed.
SATURDAV, NOV. 29, st 8:15 P.M.
30 - Jobs
99 — Miscellaneous
time. We need illustrators for our fiction
and non-fiction publications. NW. Publ.,
P.O. Box 632, San Marcos, CA. 92069.
60 — Rides
to Prince George. Leaving a.m. Dec. 18th
Call Susan 321-4013.
66 — Scandals
10 — For Sale — Commercial
10,003 BEARS can't be wrong! Honey and
honey comb—nature's best. Half-way
along University Blvd. Watch for signs. Excellent quality at farmer prices.
11 — For Sale — Private
latest edition. Brown leather. $600 o.b.o.
Prof. Chappell 291-4764/687-1739.
CHRISTMAS FLIGHT Vancouver-Toronto
return $250.00 Dec. 18-Jan1 Must sell by
Dec 4. 688-2635 eves. 688-2511 ext. 37
1971 MONTEGO small V8 economical uses
regular gas auto P.S., PB., new brakes and
master cylinder 42,500 miles excellent cond.
$1250.00 922-4691 after 6;00 p.m.
2 ROUND TRIP skybus plane tickets to Montreal for sale leaving Vancouver Dec 18th
returning January 5 call Normand 879-6480 or
Nicole 325-8028.
$400, owner leaving. Set of Encyclopedia
Britannica 1967 ed. $200 like new, current
edition over $1000. Phone 255-7501 evenings.
74 VENTURA small V8, P.S.P.B. 4 door
maroon color, white interior, in good condition. Must sell. $1500. Call 734-2778.
CHRISTMAS CHARTER flight Vancouver
—Toronto—Vancouver Dec. 22nd Jan4th.
Call Robert after 6 p.m. 224-5892.
20 — Housing
NON-SMOKING WOMAN preferred to
share 2 bdrm. house with same. $235.00
mthly. Ph.324-2923 or U.B.C. Delly
228-8121. Ask for Kim.
THE G.S.A. presents its latest in a series of
Christmas parties. Come ready to bend
elbows and tap toes. Dec. 12th grad centre
8:00 p.m.
soccer team. You're number one in my
heart — screw the Rovers. Ken.
University of Oslo
June 27 to August 7, 1981
Graduate and undergraduate courses
Two years college required
$1190 - $1600
(excluding transatlantic tranaportation)
For course catalog write to:
International Summer School Admissions
c/o St. Olaf College
Northfield, MN 55057  USA
LITTLE SIBLING what would I do without
you? The Lady in Mauve.
86 — Typing
HAVING TROUBLE with your written
English? Essays insightfuly edited,
scrupulously proofread and competently
typed. Reasonable rates. 224-1582.
TYPING/EDITORIAL service for North
Shore residents 685-5806.
TYPING PLUS. Peter 731-9752.
EXPERT TYPING. Essays, term papers,
factums $0.85. Theses, manuscripts,
letters, resumes $0.85 +. Fast accurate
typing. 266-7710.
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
TYPING. $.80 per page. Fast and accurate. Experienced typist. Phone Gordon
edited,   polished,   and  typed.   Published
author.   Reasonable   rates.   685-9535,
90 - Wanted
I AM LOOKING for a typist with good
understanding of English language, able to
proofread and correct material for some occasional typing. Somebody with a "short
hand" would be perfect but this is not
essential. Phone 688-7465.
Thurs.. 7:00
Fri., Sat., 7:00 £r 9:30
Sun., 7:00 & 9:30
$1.00 SUB Aud.
• for triform aiion.
call Chri^lixu. at
Victoria 5kaUon
68?-75l I - rf* T»_»» yj  ■
the environment environment]
B.C. reforestation program a flop
The largest industry in B.C. is in
danger of extinction. Around
166,000 hectares of timber are
harvested every year and only one
third of the denuded areas are
usually replanted (the rest are left to
reseed on their own).
Even worse, the general level of
expertise of current reforestation
programs for commercially productive land is so poor that the
replanted seedling mortality rate is
often greater than 50 per cent and
sometimes runs as high as 100 per
cent. Although the B.C. government (through the forest service) is
finally spending a little more money
on such critical areas as silviculture
and resource management, many
within the industry feel that the increased expenditures are not large
enough to guarantee the steady
supply of timber we've always
assumed B.C. could provide indefinitely.
The first problem encountered
with reforestation schemes is that
less and less denuded as well as
forested land is commercially
available each year for future tree
People demand more forest land
to be set aside for parks, wildlife
reserves and farms every year. This
land, as well as the land the B.C.
government itches to flood for
hydroelectric power (such as the
Skagit Valley) and use for urban
development, is permanently
removed from the provincial inventory of productive forest land.
There is a tendency for the
government to offer too much immature tree production land to individuals on agricultural leases. If
the trees were left on the land leased and some basic silviculture was
applied to them, the trees would
yield far more revenue in the long
run than any alternative use.
Another way that economically
viable forest land is eliminated is by
the time-honored practice of cutting down the trees closest to the
mills first and then moving outwards. The fact that 80 per cent of
the timber in some areas is unprofitable for firms to log, even
under the best market conditions,
due to high hauling costs points to
the long term danger of this activity.
There is no guarantee that logged
. . . land will ever... be reforested.
As of December 1978, 593,000
hectares of denuded forest land
were not sufficiently restocked for
future harvests. This loss of land is
particularly damaging when one
considers that some of the most
productive land is lost to
undergrowth (such as salmonberry
shrubs) because replanting was
done either improperly or too late
after logging or not at all.
Some people in the forest industry feel that if this high quality
forest land was adequately
reforested, the trees grown could
be harvested twice as often.
Another area the government
intends to increase funding for is
the crucial field of silviculture.
Silviculture is the appropriate care
and development of forest
resources. The $60.8 million to be
spent annually by 1985 on basic
silviculture will go toward maintaining the current productivity of
B.C.'s forest land, while the $42.6
million to be spent annually by the
same target date on intensive
silviculture represents an attempt to
increase timber value and forest
Part of the reason why the best
silviculture is not currently applied
is the typical lag due to inertia: it
takes years for an industry such as
the forest industry to catch on to
the latest improvements. But here
too the government lengthens the
time taken to get a proven innova-
Well howdy friends and neighbors,
I sure do like this town.
It's not my aim to play your game.
Or to settle down.
So listen to my story,
I'm sure you'll find it true;
It's of the self-destruction,
The one of me and you.
We've got to save the cities,
We've got to save the towns.
We can do 'most anything
But bring the companies down.
We ought to save the mountains,
Sure'd like to save the plains.
But where would all the railways be
Without those goddamn trains.
They raped the land, all lent a hand
We all built up this town.
Just to thrive and stay alive,
We can't bring the companies down.
We need the bread, so use your head,
And take a good look around.
We can do 'most anything.
But bring the companies down.
When ore is gone, the mines move on.
Balance sheets are written down.
Back in time you're left behind,
With the ghost of a mining town.
FROM LITTLE SEEDS ... big profits grow and no one knows that better than MacBlo.
tion working in this field by offering
free seedlings (through the forest
service) to firms which are bound
by contract to replant the areas
they clear. If more private industries
were permitted to compete among
themselves for customers, it is likely
that more beneficial innovations in
all silvicultural techniques would
result. As it is, the forest service
usually ingores improvements such
as better planting methods or belter
seedling containers — improvements generated usually by
private industries — in its programs.
Because the private industries
can't compete with the forest service, revenues for private firms are
low and the development of new
technologies is hindered. The provincial government has begun to
realize the value of a private
silviculture industry and now wants
to let private nurseries supply a
third of the seedlings to reforestation schemes each year.
The reforestation process itself is
a lot trickier than it sounds. In the
past, many denuded areas were all
hastily planted with the same variety of Douglas Fir. Not surprisingly,
practically all the seedlings planted
were dead within a year. It took a
while for people to catch onto the
idea of providence or planting
denuded areas with the same
species or variety of tree that
naturally occurs there. The deceptively simple standard is complicated by the fact that some areas
of forest land could possibly support the growth of other, more
valuable species.
Also, the climate and soil
characteristics of the area as well as
the slopes, slope aspects, latitude
and altitude limit the selection of
seedlings to be replanted.
How seedlings are reared from
germination and how they're stuck
into the ground raises even more
controversy than what to plant
where. Seedlings are normally
grown for two or three years in
nurseries. They're either grown in
containers or bare-root. Many feel
that seedlings reared in containers
develop inadequate support roots
when planted on the denuded site
and topple over after twenty or thirty years. They point to the better
long-term survival rate of bare-root
seedlings planted with their roots
Others feel it's the type of container used that's to blame for trees
keeling over; biodegradable plastic
containers appear to be better than
the more commonly used
styrofoam containers.
Some of the mechanical planting
systems designed by private industries for containerized seedlings
are cheaper to use and can plant as
many as 5000 trees per hour where
the terrain permits.
Of course, the forest service
prefers to have people plant the tree
seedlings individually.
There is no such thing as a crash
program in silviculture; for the industry to benefit from any gain in
knowledge and experience, the
government must be prepared to
supply enough money over a long
period of time.
Some of the effects of poor
management don't show up for
Turn to PF 3
Ecopolitics comes of age
— larry bibby
It's been a long time coming, but
ecology is finally making some
noise in the political arena.
Mass conservationist movements
only really started in the 20th century, although people like John Muir
were active in promoting environmental concern in the 19th century.
Muir, along with writer Robert
Underwood Johnson, formed the
Sierra club in 1892. Their initial task
was to save the newly-formed
Yosemite national park from overgrazing by range animals.
In the years that followed, the
dub was instrumental in creating
many other American national
parks. Since its beginning, the Sierra club has branched out and now
promotes ecological awareness in
all its forms. On Monday the Vancouver branch of the club sponsored the showing of The Falldown
Effect, a film by local environmentalist Mike Halleran.
Produced under the auspices of
the provincial ministry of forests,
the film graphically illustrated the
impending crisis in the B.C. forest
industry stemming from the lack of
adequate reforestation.
There are other groups in the
Lower Mainland that seek to improve the environmental situation.
One that springs immediately to
mind is Greenpeace, still as active
as ever after having been formed 10
years ago to protest the detonation
of an atomic device at Amchitka in
the Aleutian islands. Since then,
the group has involved itself in a variety of projects, some more successful than others.
Greenpeace has consistently captured media attention and monopolized the news pages with such
daring exploits as the attempt to
save the seals on the ice floes off
Newfoundland. And getting film
stars like Brigitte Bardot to help
publicize your cause doesn't hurt
Greenpeace was in the news
again recently with the daring escape of the anti-pirate whaler Rainbow Warrior from Spanish authorities.
The most interesting environmental groups are those that use direct action tactics in promoting
ecological awareness. In North America groups like the Clamshell alliance in the east and Pacific Life in
the west have confronted the state
and its nuclear developments head
on with varying degrees of success.
In western Europe the "greens"
have become electoral forces to be
reckoned with to the extent that the
major parties have become worried
about their own future in the face
of this new and unprecedented political phenomenon.
So in the end the ecological
movement could transcend conventional political categories as we
know them. After all, there's only
one earth.
Page Friday 2
Friday, November 28,1980 environment
B.C. land deals a real steal for farmers
Virgin British Columbia land is
now for sale at bargain basement
prices. Nov/s your chance to fulfill
that lifelong dream of buying
yourself a piece of the wilderness.
The provincial ministry of lands,
parks and housing made it all possible in July of this year by implementing a new agricultural land sale
policy. With a glossy brochure the
ministry outlines the easy steps any
two year B.C. resident who is a
Canadian citizen over 19 years of
age can take to acquire their own
piece of the province.
The first step is to find a patch of
crown land between 15 and 520
hectares in size, half of which is
capable of producing food. Then,
unless others show interest in the
land and it is sold by auction, you
can lease the parcel for a yearly fee
of one per cent of the appraised
market value. During the next five
years efforts should be made to
convert one-quarter of the arable
portion into agricultural production.
This usually means clearing off the
trees and throwing up enough fencing to keep in a few cattle. If this is
done you can buy your wilderness
haven at its original selling price.
Not a bad deal.
The forest industry disagrees,
though. Everyone from union
members to professionals has protested against the government's
new land deals. Their largest concern is that highly productive forest
land is being converted to marginally productive agricultural land.
Many foresters believe that the
only profitable crop off this land will
be the first one: the trees. In the
Quesnel area this fall 15,000 hectares of forest were sold for
agricultural development. This land
when grazed by cattle will average
$104 per hectare income annually.
This does not include expenses for
clearing and fencing. If the land
was left to grow lumber, though, it
would yield anwhere from $242 to
$356 per hectare yearly, with no
maintenance costs since the trees
are there for the taking.
In addition, the land is being sold
at prices much below what the
timber is worth. A parcel of land
near Quesnel, for instance, covered
with immature timber that would be
worth four to six million dollars at
maturity, was given away for
$319,000 this fall. The economics
behind all this are puzzling.
As well, you can assume that only the most productive forest land
will be sold for agriculture as Alan
Chambers, professor with the UBC
institute of animal resource
ecology, points out. This is because
Bad planting
From PF 2
many years. Many of the trees
planted years ago are only now
revealing improper planting; if better planting had been done then,
the wood value and yield would've
been much better.
Despite the B.C. government's
intentions to increase funding to
establish more forest seed orchards
and nurseries, develop a more expert silviculture industry and fire
prevention program and to employ
more people for site preparation
and planting, many people in the industry feel that too little is being
done too late.
If you folks out there feel you
should have a hand, finger, or other
limb in deciding just how bizarre
Page Friday will be after Christmas,
come to the PF staff meeting this
Tuesday, Dec. 2 at 12:30 noon in
SUB 241k, Bier extra.
the soil best suited for growing
trees is also what farmers like to
plow for hay.
These fertile sites are usually
found in B.C.'s rich valley bottoms.
On this land 20 per cent of the pro
vince's forests produce 30 per cent
of the wood. These are the hectares
that the forest industry would
especially like to concentrate their
tree growing efforts on. But since
the ministry of lands has declared
that one-half of the province is
potentially arable, a sizeable chunk
of forest could be lost through
agricultural land sales.
Highly productive valley bottoms
are becoming more precious to
foresters too now that they are starting to recognize that wood shortages are looming on the horizon.
This impending doom has been
termed the 'falldown effect". The
old philosophy that B.C. has an
endless supply of timber just
waiting to be cut is finally being
tossed into the wastebasket. The
future does not look rosy for the
province's forest industry, unless
drastic measures are taken to ensure a continuing wood supply.
But agriculture is not the only
user gobbling up high quality forest
land; hydroelectric reservoirs,
highways, powerlines and
townsites all compete for valley
bottoms too. In 1977 new
powerlines mowed 14,440 hectares
of forest land out of production.
And the Duncan, Mica and
Revelstoke dams would together
drown 73,000 hectares of foresters'
prize land.
The impact of dams on forestry
was what initially got Chambers interested in the land alienation problem four years ago. After researching the issue he had a hard time
getting anybody to listen to his findings.
Today, suddenly everybody is
concerned and Chambers is now in
great demand at conferences to
speak on the reduction of the forest
land base.
Chambers strongly doubts that
the provincial government did the
right thing by implementing their
program to sell acreage for
agriculture. He stresses though that
"no responsible resource manager
would ever suggest that we
shouldn't have hydroelectricity and
agriculture; but we haven't got the
option to do all of them."
Long ago B.C. opted for a forest
based economy because the timber
resource was so plentiful. Alberta
on the other hand is better suited to
growing beef and wheat. It would
be just as foolish for B.C. to convert to farming as it would be to
plant the prairies in trees. Chambers
does suggest, though, that communities ought to try to be as self-
sufficient in food production as
Paul George is an environmentalist who has already fought a few
battles against the forest industry
on behalf of the Islands Protection
society in the Queen Charlottes. He
disagrees with the forest industry's
stand on the land use issue. He
feels that our impending wood
shortages   are   due   to   land
Test Preparation Specialists
Since 1938
For information. Please Call'
_.   (206)623-7617   „^
Wfc     STAND   TO   COME   OUV   ON     IOP   NO   MAT UK
HOW    YdU    LdlK     A |"     | i   "
mismanagement, not land alienation.
True, forest management has not
been one of B.C.'s strong points.
The March 1980 ministry of forests
technical report lists 593,000 hectares of insufficiently replanted logged land, and 1,329,000 more hectares of productive forest land
growing nothing but brush and
non-commercial species.
If efforts were made to reclaim
some of this misused territory
perhaps foresters could afford to
hand some land over to other interests.
Fortunately the forest industry is
finally beginning to recognize that it
will have to start tending its crop if
it is going to stay in business. Plans
are afoot to increase silvicultural
spending on brush clearing and
reforestation programs. By 1985
foresters plan to spend fifteen times
more annually than what was spent
in 1978 on silviculture. This will still
be a pittance, though, compared to
what Weyerhauser in the U.S.
spends on growing its trees.
Yet foresters are not the only
ones protesting the government's
land sale scheme. Conservation
groups such as the B.C. Wildlife
Federation oppose the plan, but for
different reasons: foresters and
wildlife get along much better than
farmers and wildlife. Deer, elk and
moose are other resource users
who prefer to use B.C.'s valley bottoms, especially during winter.
Chambers explains that you can
manage logging to produce food
and maintain habitat for wild
animals. But farming clears away
essential cover. "The farmers get
upset because the critters come
down and feed at their alfalfa
stack," Chambers says. Wolves
and other predators who occasionally take a liking to tender cows
or sheep also make farmers angry.
Recreation also suffers when
land is converted to private ownership. While forests are not that
pleasing to wander around in just
after they've been denuded, at later
stages of growth they are suitable
for cross-country skiing and hiking.
When converted to farmland there
is no longer the option of using the
land for recreation.
For  economic,   recreation   and
conservation reasons, then, it
seems that keeping B.C. forested
and not selling hectares for private
marginal agriculture is the answer.
But what about the individuals who
want to make a living off their own
piece of land? Is it fair to let our
resources be run only by large corporations? These social needs are
as important as the economic ones.
Chambers suggests a solution to
the problem: the family owned tree
farm. Individuals would lease the
land from the government to grow
trees under certain constraints, including allowing access for recreation and wildlife. Since the trees
would be tended like a farm crop,
the land could yield thirty per cent
more wood than it does now. This
would enable industry to leave
poorer forestry sites for recreation,
wildlife and other uses.
Perhaps the B.C. government
should go back to the drawing
board and take a closer look at
economic, wildlife, forestry, social
and recreation as well as
agricultural implications before
coming out with another bargain
land sale.
12 Month Warranty
12,000 miles (Bugs Only)
'395 ««d UP
Eric's Bugg Stop
1505 West 3rd 731 -8171
Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 3 environment
corporations working there? How much control will the university have over transfer between the two facilities, over disposal of
wastes, especially in light of the Sodium 22
problem of last year. A professor in the math
department noticed a room in the basement
of the math annex which has a little sticker
on it saying "radioactive material — do not
enter." He had Mr. Rachuck of the radiation
hazards office enter that room and see
what's going on. It turned out that there was
Sodium 22 in a box on top of a filing cabinet
within 2 metres of the desk and chair of the
professor whose office was overhead. He
was being irradiated by the sodium 22 which
has a half-life of 5 years making it a rather hot
product. So if something like that can slip up
on campus where Mr. Rachuck supposedly
has absolute control, what could go on in a
private research facility where they want to
keep activities there secret? Corporate
secrecy is very important in fast moving high
technology fields.
PF: Is acid rain a problem in B.C.?
AK: It is likely to be a very big problem
what with the proposal for Hat Creek to be
made into a major energy production site.
What they want to do up there is bum coal to
generate electricity. This will generate sulfur
dioxide which when combined with water
makes acid rain. Acid rain is potentially a problem that hasn't been stressed because it
seems to be a problem only in eastern North
PF: With all these problems facing us what
can the students of U.B.C. do to help?
AK: They should join the environmental
interest group. I say that because I like to see
people get involved and also because I think
we can be a powerful group. One of the problems of this campus is transportation to and
from campus. The bicycle access is poor and
unsafe and the road surface is bad. We have
a committee to look into the transportation
of bikes. We would like to develop an effective car pool program because 15,000 cars
come to campus every day. Transit is poor
yet the only change that we've heard that
they want to make is to put in trolley lines,
which would have limited effectiveness.
Local activist
talks about ccid
rain, nuclear
power and
UBC bunglers
77w people of Vancouver at e among the
most environmentally conscous of the
world. This consciousness his led to the
creation of world class conser/ation groups
which are famous for their tremendous efforts. It must be remembered though that
these groups began with more modest concerns about the ecological situation.
The exploits of the Rainbow Warrior humble local environmental concerns, yet both
are important. It is ironic then that a Seattlite
is busy with problems ranging from the Ross
Dam controversy to the development of the
Endowment Lands. Arle Krukenburg is the
head of the Environmental Interest Group
here at U. B. C. He talked to Page Friday staffer Brad Fisher on the environmental problems facing British Columbia.
Page Friday: Why did you get into environmental protection?
Arle Krukenburg: Personally?
PF: Sure.
AK: I've been exposed to environmental
issues all my life so it seems important to me.
I've been through other sorts of political activities. I got involved in protesting against
companies that did business in South Africa
while I was at Stanford University. We tried
TANKER TRAFFIC ... and oil spills
to do this through the system but failed, so
we had a demonstration. We took over the
administration building and refused to
disperse, so I got arrested. That politicized
me to the point where I wanted to get arrested.
PF: How then did you get involved in the
environmental concerns of B.C.?
AK: Well, our group came out of the concern about the research park which was proposed for campus last year. We heard that
they wanted to build this research park on 56
acres of land with an option to develop 20
acres more later on. We are concerned about
what sort of impact the research park might
have on both the social and the natural environment. So we got together and probed
into that issue.
We realized that there was no permanent
ongoing group of people who were concerned about the environment who would pick up
on something like the research proposal and
ask some cogent questions.
PF: You mentioned the Ross Dam earlier.
AK: Yeah, Seattle City Light is proposing
on west coast, only one industrial threat.
to raise the Ross Dam which would flood approximately 5000 acres of B.C. This land is
within 90 miles of Vancouver which is a fast
growing metropolitan area which needs
some good lowland open space for recreation purposes. This land would be lost for the
sake of Seattle's electricity. I'm a Seattlite
myself and I know that conservation isn't
practiced as strongly as it could be.
PF: Is nuclear power a concern for B.C.
AK: In B.C. itself with the seven year
moratorium on uranium mining and with
copious amounts of hydroelectric power I
don't see nuclear energy per se as being a
threat, however it is something the public
should remain aware of. Of course the
TRIUMF facility here on campus will be next
door to the research park.
Radionucleides are used in industrial
research to trace the action of new
detergents which are being developed for
biomedical research. One of the questions
we have about the research park is what will
the relationship be between TRIUMF and
Ecology fad forgotten like hippies?
Has the ecology fad
really gone the way
of the hula-hoop?
conflicts in Canada
and B.C. have only
just begun.
Environmental concern is passe, or so
many observers have said (or wanted to
believe). They've been saying it ever since
Earth Day, 1970, that remarkable "celebration of awareness" that capped a decade of
unprecedented social reform and upheaval.
Is it true? Has "the ecology fad" really gone
the way of hippies, hula-hoops, and the
idealistic university student? The fad has,
yes. But no, serious concern for the environment has not. To the chagrin of polluters,
despoilers, and believers in business-as-
usual, it is here to stay because of the serious
position we earthlings have gotten ourselves
Ten years ago, self-proclaimed ecology experts captured the world's attention with
their neo-Malthusian prophecies of "gloom
and doom," all basically variants of the old
sky-is-falling theme. When the sky didn't fall
fast enough for his limited attention span,
John Q. Public turned to more fashionable
interests, leaving the more knowledgeable
and concerned to worry about the rate at
which the sky really is descending. And there
seems little doubt that it is. Only the fact that
many ecological conditions take years or
decades to develop mutes the impact on we
short-sighted humans.
Consider the grim report released this year
by a study team commisioned by U.S. President Carter. After a three year investigation,
the scientists concluded: "If present trends
continue, the world in 2000 will be more
crowded, more polluted, less stable
ecologically, and more vulnerable to disruption than the world we live in now . . .
Despite greater material output, the world's
people will be poorer in many ways than they
are today." An anticipated 2 billion more
people will crowd the planet. Mexico City,
already over-crowded and badly polluted, is
growing such that it will have 31 million people just 20 years from now.
Calcutta, Bombay, Jakarta, Cairo and
Seoul will far exceed in size the largest cities
in the world today. The gap between rich and
poor, both within countries and between
them, will continue to widen. The number of
malnourished is expected to increase from .5
billion today to 1.3 billion, assuming a 90%
increase in food production and no climatic
Serious shortages of fuel — oil, gas, and
wood — will plague developed and developing countries alike. Wild plants and animals
will suffer tremendously as we invade and
pollute their habitats. Some 500,000 to 2
million species of the world's endowment of
living things may be driven to extinction, or
close to it. Predictably, The Global 2000
Report to the President was termed
pessimistic by technological optimists and
optimistic by environmental pessimists.
Environmental conflicts in Canada and
B.C. have only just begun. In the east, acid
rain, half of it from U.S. coal-burning power
plants, has killed 140 lakes, rendering them
biologically lifeless, and threatens 48,000 in
Ontario alone. Ronald Reagan would like to
eliminate even existing controls on coal burning.
B.C. loses more virgin wilderness each
year as logging, the backbone of our
economy, pushes far into the hinterland.
Clashes between loggers and preservationists are erupting all over the province as
they battle for remaining wilderness. Electricity use is doubling every 12 years in B.C.,
and to meet this ever-increasing demand.
Hydro wants to dam(n) the Stikine, Iskut,
Liard Rivers and the Peace River (again) in
this decade alone. After that will presumably
come dams on the Fraser itself or nuclear
power. And for what? More crowds and
more things.
Page Friday 4
Friday, November 28,1980 environmentI
Disaster looms soon for Skagit
For just $6.60 an acre
5,716 acres of prime land
has been signed away to
a Seattle company
Seattle will save billions
of dollars over the life
of the contract
Don't believe anyone who toils you land is
at a premium in B.C. For just $6.60 an acre
5,716 acres of prime wilderness known as the
Skagit River Valley, just ninety miles from
Vancouver, has been signed away to a Seattle power company.
The Seattle City Department of Lighting
plans to flood the scenic valley — a favored
spot for fishing, canoeing and hiking — to
generate electricity during "peak periods."
While their proposed High Ross dam 30 km.
south of the border would provide only a
small increment of power, it is expected to
cover periods of peak demands, such as
Christmas when most people use Christmas
Because of the nature of the dam, designed to provide electricity for those peak
periods, the Skagit River Valley will be
transformed into a reservoir for only three
The Order of Approval issued by the IJC
was dependent upon B.C. and Seattle agreeing on a satisfactory arrangement for adequate compensation.
This proved to be more difficlt than expected, and between 1947 and 1952 negotiations were unsuccessful. When a tentative
agreement was finally made in 1952 with the
coalition government of the day for Seattle
City Light to pay a flat rate of $255,505 the
government was defeated at the polls and
the deal was never signed.
In 1953 Seattle City Light illegally flooded
500 acres of Canadian land in the Skagit
Valley. The government ignored the violation. The land remains a muddy reservoir to
this day, and the coalition of environmental
groups in B.C. opposed to the destruction of
the Skagit, R.O.S.S. (Run Out Skagit
Spoilers) concludes that Seattle has been
receiving $500,000 per year worth of extra
Earlier this year a US court of appeals upheld
their decision, as Seattle City Light cleared
the last of the US regulatory hurdles, and is
now ready to proceed with the final phase of
their plan.
Environmental groups like R.O.S.S. and,
the Seattle based. North Cascades Conservation Council (NCCC) have pinned their
final hopes on a renewed effort by the IJC to
settle the dispute. The IJC has called for
public opinion, and is accepting submissions
until December 17.
However, should the IJC rescind the 1942
Order of Approval and nullify the 1967 contract, Seattle warns that it will expect as
much as $50 million in compensation. While
Robin Round, Assistant Head of Power and
Special Projects refused to reveal the content
of the government's offer to compensate
Seattle before talks broke down, he admits it
did contain various formulas for supplying
SKAGIT ... a grim before and after sequence, it can be stopped if there is loud public outcry but time is running out.
months of the year. For the remaining nine
months the "drawdown" would reduce it to
muddy flats.
By the estimates of concerned environmentalists Seattle City Light stands to
gain $4 million worth of electricity a year and
this figure is expected to grow as the value of
energy increases. According to a provincial
government spokesperson, Richard Round,
Seattle City Light intends to sell much of this
electricity throughout Washington state.
B.C., under the present agreement signed
by W.A.C. Bennett in 1967 will only be
minimally compensated for the loss of the
Skagit at $34,566 per year, little more than
$6.60 per acre.
According to NDP environment critic Bob
Skelly, Seattle will save billions of dollars
over the life of the contract.
The history of the Skagit sellout is a long
one. In 1941 Seattle City Light made application to the International Joint Commission
(IJC) — a bilateral organization established
to regulate projects involving inland boundary waters — to raise the Ross dam to supply energy for the manufacture of munitions.
The Ross dam electricity was intended to aid
in the war effort.
The IJC granted a conditional Order of Approval in 1942 after one public hearing,
lasting less than two hours; with only three of
the six committee members present. The
chairperson of the Canadian section was
among those who were absent.
Canada was represented by an official of
the Department of External Affairs, who had
no comment, and a B.C. Game Commissioner who, although he had never heard of
the project to flood the Skagit before,
speculated that it might ruin one of the finest
fly-fishing rivers in the province.
generation resulting from the extra storage.
In 1967, after 14 years of negotiations with
the Bennett government, an agreement was
reached whereby Seattle City Light would
pay B.C. $34,566 per year to flood the
Skagit. From 1967 to 1972 Seattle made
payments to B.C. and increased the size of
its existing Ross dam to prepare for the extension that would eventually raise the
Skagit river.
The last hurdle for Seattle City Light was
to secure the permission from the US Federal
Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) to
construct the final stage: the High Ross
In 1970 the federal government announced its opposition to the flooding of the Skagit
Valley. When the NDP swept into office in
1972 on a platform of ending Social Credit
environmental and resource sellouts, they
refused to accept any of the payments from
Seattle City Light on the grounds that neither
the 1942 IJC Order of Approval nor the 1967
agreement with W.A.C. Bennett were legal.
They argued that the Order of Approval
was invalid because there was not a quorum
present and sufficient Canadian representation present, and the 1967 deal was illegal
because it didn't represent "adequate" compensation for the loss of the Skagit Valley.
The NDP appealed to the IJC to rescind its
When the NDP was defeated at the polls
the new Social Credit government continued
the NDP's opposition, and attempted to buy
out the 1967 contract. It wasn't until this year
that they revived the issue with the IJC.
Meanwhile, in spite of fervent efforts by
environmental groups on both this side of
the border and the other, the FERC approved
the construction of the High Ross Dam.
Seattle with an equivalent amount of power
at a bargain price.
But NDP-MLA Bob Skelly charges that to
compensate the company for energy that
was never theirs in the first place is ludicrous.
Furthermore, he argues, it would require
B.C. to advance its plans for constructing
new dams in the province. "The Peace River
Dam is the next on the list to be built," he
said, "and that will destroy 6,000 acres of
prime farmland, land presently contained in
the agricultural land reserve."
Richard Round admits the construction of
the Peace River Dam is "one of the
The federal government has been reticent
on the subject of the flooding of the Skagit
Valley in recent years. They have just recently announced that they will be submitting a
brief to the IJC before Dec. 17th in support
of the movement to protect the Skagit.
Although two motions in support of the
preservation of the Skagit have been
unanimously approved by the house of commons, the federal government has refused to
take a strong stand against the Americans.
NDP federal environment critic Jim Fulton
says Ottawa is afraid to take a hard line with
the Americans for fear of losing other concessions from them on other negotiations.
Bob Skelly believes the government's actions — or inaction — reflects an attitude of,
"regional sacrifice." "It's typical of the
government to sacrifice the interests of the
west for the benefits of the east. They've
sold us out before, and they're just as likely
to sit idly by and sell us out again."
It is not too late to stop the flooding of the
unique Skagit valley. The IJC will be accepting submissions from concerned citizens for
the next three weeks.
Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 5 urban wilderness
Squatting-, an
ancient right
It is no news that Vancouver is
currently in the grip of a severe
housing shortage.
Figures bandied about suggest
that about one out of every thousand apartments is available and
while the new mayor, Mike Harcourt, has promised more housing
for low-income people, any improvements will be months in coming. Many students particularly are
faced with intolerable living conditions and outrageous rents. There
is a form of housing available, however, which while presenting some
inherent problems, offers benefits
as well, not the least of which is no
rent: squatting.
Squatting: the act of occupying
land or building without formal or
legal title.
Squatting is as ancient as the
property laws, as international as
the countries of the world. To think
of squatting in third world countries
brings to mind the sprawling,
squalid shantytowns with populations numbering in the hundreds of
thousands in such cities as Mexico
City, Lima and New Delhi. These
shantytowns are not going to disappear but are on the increase.
It has been estimated that while
the urban population, on a global
scale, will grow at six per cent annually, slums and uncontrolled settlements in urban areas will grow at
rates between 12 and 20 per cent.
Such communities are by and large
unorganized and often subject to
unopposed police harassment. This
is not  always the case however.
In Puerto Rico, the squatters are
at long last organized to prevent the
razing of their homes and, across
the ocean, on the outskirts of
Rome, a squatters community of
70,000, Borgate, has existed in an
uneasy truce with the authorities
for several years.
In Britain, squatting has achieved
unequalled popularity. It is even
said that the Queen's summer cottage is occupied by squatters that
authorities have not yet been able
to legally remove. And a lord's
townhouse at 144 Picadilly Place
was for some years "squattered."
In 1973 there were an estimated
5,000 squatters in London alone.
This situation can exist in Britain
because of a battery of lews that
the squatters use. When the latest
wave of squatting started in 1969,
activists reading law books discovered ancient statutes nearly forgotten but still in effect. First, from the
Magna Carta there is the basic
British right to housing. From 1381
A.D. there is the Statute of Forcible
Entry which makes forcible eviction
by a landlord or his agents a crime.
Under a 19th century law a person
living in a substandard building cannot be evicted. Finally, after several
years of non-contestment occupied
land legally belongs to the squatter.
Here in Canada we have no such
laws. Rather there is a disposition
to regard squatters as simple trespassers and to deal with them as
such. Yet this land was settled by
squatters; homesteaders who came
out West before the jurisdiction of
the law and simply put down roots,
allowing the surveyors to catch up
to them.
Modern Canada is not without its
squatters and shantytowns. Near
Halifax there is the shantytown of
Africville and near Ottawa the thriving shantytown of Keelerville. In
Manitoba there is the Metis community of Squatterville and outside
of Uranium City and Dawson there
are shantytowns.
British Columbia has a rich history of squatting. The well-known
author Malcolm Lowry and his wife
squatted on the Maplewood Mud
Flats near Dollarton and continued
to do so despite several eviction
notices. One day his shack "caught
afire" and Lowry had to run into the
burning building to rescue the
manuscript of his book Under the
The mudflats were home to
squatters in the early 1970s. Three
dozen or so people moved in, along
with their children. The homes they
lived in were hand built and raised
on stilts to above the high tide level.
Their first eviction notice came in
1971, but the squatters took it to
court and eventually the case ended
up in the Supreme Court. They lost
the legal battle and in 1973 the final
shack was bulldozed. The land was
filled in and is now the site of a
shopping centre.
There have been several other
squatting sites locally. Coon Bay,
on Galiano Island was home to 30
Dance the night
(More than 25,000 titles to choose from)
NELSON COURT ... a good choice for the Christmas holidays squatters!
squatters for a dozen years before
the landlord, MacMillan Bloedel,
decided it needed the land. Seven
people were living in a vacant federally-owned house in the Pacific
Rim Park near Tofino. They lived
there in 1974 for several months before being arrested. And it is said
people squat in tents and hollow
trees on the UBC and SFU endowment lands, braving even now the
winter cold and rain.
Obviously, collective urban
squatting is not a viable alternative
within the Vancouver city limits. It
is a sure and quick way to bring the
police around. However, for the
would-be rural squatters there are
some legal methods. First there is
the Homesteaders Act which has
never been repealed. It states that
any ownerless land may be claimed
by any Canadian individual. Obviously there is a paucity of this sort
of land remaining. Diligent searching of Land Titles Office maps may
turn up a few wedges though.
As well, there is the Prospector's
Act by which any adult with a free
miner's license (easily obtained)
may stake a mineral claim and live
on the property as long as $200
worth of work is done annually.
This act might well be used to give
one land to live on, on a temporary
basis anyway.
If the countryside is not where
you want to be, the urban landscape still offers some alternatives.
While the shantytown collectives
are not viable near Vancouver (except for the lucky live-aboards of
Deep Cove) individual squatting is
quite possible. There are a reasonable number of vacant buildings in
this city which could use some
squatters. Even the West End,
which boasts one of the highest
population densities in the world
has a number of vacant buildings.
Each has its own problem, but solutions to these problems are only
limited by the ingenuity of the
Within the West End and downtown core, there are:
Park Plaza, on West Pender.
Seven storeys of empty apartments. No power, gas or water;
Manhattan Apartments. Corner
of Robson and Thurlow. Four storeys of vacant apartments. Full facilities. Entrance difficult and building watched for squatters;
Capitol Rooms. Corner of Robson and Seymour. Eight two-storey
apartments. Power available but no
water. Junkies sometimes crash
there. Owner comes around once in
a while;
Nelson Courts. Good choice.
Seventeen luxury apartments. Full
facilities. Problem: building slated
for demolition possibly early December.
This selection is from within one
small, dense and valuable area only.
There are undoubtedly many others
around Vancouver. If you choose to
squat, good luck. One thing to remember: the essence of good
squatting is to remain invisible.
Tired of Thomson tripe?
Sick of Southam slop?
Utilize The Ubyssey!
While corporate monopolies take more and more control of our sources of information one candle flickers bravely in the wind. The Ubyssey, free, independent and occasionally humorous, struggles on, comforting the afflicted and afflicting the comfortable while the Southerns and Thomsons
simply get rich. You can support The Ubyssey's struggle by writing, taking photos or simply reading and enjoying it. Come in and join Vancouver's only really free press, in SUB 241k.
Page Friday 6
Friday, November 28,1980 I media I
Violence finds forum in sicko mags
Several weeks ago I witnessed a
violent arrest downtown. Two cops
jumped on a guy, then wrestled him
to the pavement. The man put up a
terrific struggle, screaming for
passers-by to come to his rescue,
until a paddy wagor finally came to
take him away.
The event was ugly enough in
itself, but even more disturbing was
the reaction of a young mother
standing nearby. She reassured her
son that the "nice" men were helping the "bad" man by taking him to
a place where he would be looked
While the use of force may have
been necessary in this arrest, the
woman's explanation could only
encourage her son to become overly complacent in his attitude toward
violence. The cops were certainly
not being "nice," nor was the man
arrested necessarily guilty, nor was
the violence any less violent by virtue of the fact that it was committed by a man in uniform.
A few days later, I came across
two magazines — Combat Illustrated and Battles — which
reminded me of how much easier it
becomes to accept violence when it
is performed by someone wearing a
uniform. Both magazines respond
to personal needs for fantasies
centered around violence, justifying
its most extreme forms in the context of war. While many articles do
manage to give sanction to violent
acts by making the link with war,
others more openly revel in
weapons and death for their own
As an example of war-related
violence, a first type of article concerns itself with the glories of past
combat — from the Crimean war,
to the Second World war, to Vietnam. The suffering and death of
soldiers and civilians alike becomes
much less disturbing when viewed
from the comfort of historical
distance. Those on our side inevitably die meaningful heroes'
deaths, while the enemy is considerably less human than we.
One such article deals with
"history's biggest air raid" and is
entitled "Let's Burn Tokyo off the
Map." The central heroes here are
General Curtis Lemay and Tom
Power who are aided in fulfilling
their "dream" of destroying "Jap"
industrial centers with a "little
something called napalm"
developed by Standard Oil and Du-
pont. The bombing mission is a
commendable success, killing
100,000 and inflicting dreadful body
burns on a further 250,000.
A second story line moves the
reader into the present or near
future by alerting him to the
dangers of impending war. These
articles are predicated on the
dangerous assumption that the
third world war is a certainty, where
international violence becomes the
surest quickest solution to international problems.
One article shows a photo of a
smiling West German, and! concludes by extolling the "legendary
toughness and professionalism of
the German soldier, along with the
excellence of his weapons, will no
doubt mean quick reduction of Red
Army tanks to smoldering junk on a
real battlefield."
A third type of article has only a
tenuous connection with the
realities of war, appealing even
more directly to the reader's personal fantasies about violence. By
reading an article entitled "The Best
Fighting Blade Ever Made", one
learns that "when it comes to thrust
and slash, the Bowie can
dismember in a single stroke and
cleave a skull neatly in two."
Another article announces the
merits of the Colt AR-15, a "combat or assault-oriented rifle that can
be legally owned by civilians."
Later, the reader is advised that
"for those who are planning on using the AR-15 in a combat situation
or as a home defense or survival rifle, there are several minor
modifications which can be made
to make the gun even more
shoo table."
A final article — "Girl Gladiators
Duel to the Death" — is yet more
disturbing as it depicts violence as
potentially erotic. One of the contestants, Eppia, is sexually aroused
"by the sight of scars on veteran
combatants." The actual battle between Eppia and her opponent,
Gerardesca, is described in great
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detail, with special emphasis being
placed on the breasts and genitals
of each. When the duel is over,
"Gerardesca noticed with passing
interest that Eppia's nipples had
become erect at the moment of
The very existence of these
magazines demands some kind of
response. One might call for censorship, affirming that sane and
sensitive Canadians reject the conception of violence as laudable,
whether or not it is performed in the
name of war. But the readers of
these magazines would certainly
find other outlets whether in TV
and film violence, novels, or
weapons such as Bowie knives or
Colt AR-15's. And censorship itself
is contrary to the values of a free
society, always raising the question
of who wil do the censoring and on
what grounds.
Perhaps the only reasonable
response is to consider why these
magazines exist in the first place. Of
course, there are highly personal
reasons why certain individuals are
attracted to violence. But cultural
factors must come into play, too: it
is a particularly North American attitude which sees violence as an effective and heroic means of
problem-solving rather than as a
regrettable last alternative.
As    stated    earlier,    these
magazines also benefit from the attitude that violence becomes more
acceptable when associated with a
person wearing a uniform. A
magazine which glorified killing
without establishing any relationship to war would be seen as criminal. Thus the most extreme acts of
violence are given sanction by the
heroic militarism often associated
with the United States.
But Canadians have little cause
for smugness. Witness our most recent issue of postage stamps glorifying military aircraft. Or the intensive widespread ad campaign telling
us that "there's no life like it" while
one of fellow citizens loads up a
missile launcher.
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Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 7 \ music
Martin Carthy, unknown but loved
In 1963 an obscure folk musician
named Bob Dylan credited an
equally obscure musician, Martin
Carthy, with providing the melody
for the song Bob Dylan's Dream.
Now Bob Dylan is famous — his
story is deservedly history we are all
familiar with. But Martin Carthy is
not famous. He was decidedly not
famous to four high school girls at
the Soft Rock on Saturday night.
"Who's he? Doesn't he have a
band? Folk music? I came here to
listen to hot jazz."
Perhaps you've heard of him.
Perhaps not. He played intermittently with the folk-rock bank
Steeleye Span. They, with Fairport
Convention and Pentangle formed
the nucleus of the British folk
Carthy tours on his own now,
perpetuating the music he's been
playing for twenty years. It was as a
solo artist that he appeared at the
Soft Rock. He sang and played
guitar for three hours, stringing
contemporary and traditional
ballads together with humorous
tales about their origins.
Carthy sang songs from one end
of the British Isles to the other;
from the Shetlands to the Falklands
and from most places in between.
He sang familiar ballads like John
Barleycorn and humorous songs
like Whoever invented the Fishstick
(should be chopped, dipped in batter, deep-fried and frozen, reheated
and eaten. Because who would do
that to a fish?) He also played Lord
Franklin — the song that inspired
Bob Dylan — though he only
revealed the traditional song's most
ancient history.
Martin Carthy is not a virtuoso
guitarist. His playing sounds almost
careless at first, though as one
abandon oneself to his peculiar loping rhythms his precision becomes
apparent. And while his voice is not
powerful it is well modulated. He
knows the value of a pause and his
timing is impeccable.
There was one point though on
Saturday night when he paused by
accident. Singing Peggy and Her
Squire he got stuck on one phrase
and played it three or four times
before he cursed and went on. He
later explained that he'd forgotten
a verse though in fact he hadn't.
But everyone was at ease and the
audience simply laughed. It is partly
that relaxed rapport with his audience that makes him a great folk
I asked him about his adventures
in folk-rock and he said that while it
was important in reviving the interest in folk music, he hopes that
bands that merge the two don't
stray too far from the traditional.
"Ifs important that there be a
dialogue between the two. Both
can learn from it. But I hope that
musicians don't just make a bunch
of loud noises and call it folk-rock
because they like the idea."
Of Steeleye Span and their recent reformation he said "Do they
have an album out? I don't know. I
heard they were in the studio but
I'm not involved. Why not?
Well . . . they didn't invite me."
Of the legion of folksongs he has
saved from silence he said "I do a
lot of reading and listening. Once I
had the privilege of going through
the BBC Sound Archives. The
amount of material there is staggering."
And as for the teenage girts from
Burnaby Central High, well they enjoyed their hiatus from the Rolling
Stones. "Yeah, I kind of like it. I
must admit I enjoyed myself. What
was his name again?"
The Hart Brothers will be play- <
ing at the Theater Acoustica, that »>
mellow place at 10th and Tolmie. s
Showtime is 8 p.m., Sunday, Nov. £
CARTHY . . . folk-rocker from way back
Warning: Could
frighten small children; occasional
scenes. pl(JS
-B.C. Dir
685   5434
Showtimss: Down — 1:46 5:46 9:46
Lord - 3:20 7:20 No 1:46 Show Sunday    (Dolby)
Warning: Some violent
scenes. -B.C. Director.
^mmw.^.^m       *oo«ooe:ooB:00io:oo    BURT LANCASTER
MmWtUISIVaiafl   No 8;00 p m   Show Saturday     PFTFR fl'TOm E
aVaa^ksWtsaiftaB  due to Sneak Preview atarring "   ' UULC
881   GRANVILLE          "Gene   Wilder"   end   "Richard
682-7468 Pryor."
B.C. Director.
2:00 3:60 5:50 7:50 9:50
Warning: Frequent brutal Vlll**
violence; some nudity and sug- THt
gestive scenes.   -BC   Direc-       I Ilia
685  6828
Showtlmaa: 2:00 4:00 6:00 8:00 10:00
Showtimes: 7:30 9:30
No 7:30 show Friday
A8,7B6E237V78'h       Featuring Ken Read and Peter Mueller
(SfiHSDwaming: Some        WALTER MATTHAU
coarse language. B.C. Dir.        GLENDA JACKSON
Showtimes: 7:15 9:15
PROAdwAy 1
<F*V&> warning: KAGEMUSHA • THE
Occasion* violence.   B.C.      SHADOW WARRIOR
4375   W.  10th
at 7:30 nightly plus Sunday matinee 2 pm
JAPAN   W/Eng. subtitles
Page Friday 8
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1829 West 4th Avenue
■ Burrard)
Friday, November 28,1980 Stick to singing, Paul
Paul Simon is a good musician. If
he'd wanted a change of occupation he could have gone into teaching, or writing, or even record promotion. But he didn't.
He tried his luck as an actor and
the evidence One Trick Pony offers
is that Simon has come up empty
One Trick Pony
Playing at the Capitol Six
Starring Paul Simon
The story follows a 1960s protest
singer and his band through a 1980s
midwest tour where it becomes obvious their popularity is fading.
They are behind the times and life is
hard; gigs are not easy to come by.
Jonah Levin (Simon) is the lead
singer in the band who is also coping with a divorce and the fact he
hasn't cut a hit record in a long
time. The major problem with the
film, with Simon as the lead actor,
is that he can't act.
This is especially evident in
scenes where Simon is called upon
to express anger, as when Levin
goes to visit his estranged wife
(Blair Brown) in their old New York
City apartment and the meeting
ends up in an argument. Levin
vents his ire on a box of Bran Buds.
But the scene between Levin and
Marion never builds up enough tension to believably carry off his assault on the cereal package. It fizzles quite badly and the result is embarrassing.
When Simon is provided with
scenes where he can express tenderness and warmth he is on safer
ground. Levin is given a lot of opportunities to be warm and wonderful with his six-year-old (Michael
Pearlman) son. But they do the obligatory father-son baseball game in
Central Park and you almost expect
them to run into Justin Henry and
Dustin Hoffman.
The movie is helped by performances from Rip Torn, Allen Goor-
witz and Joan Hackett. Torn and
Goorwitz play slick record promoters and Hackett as Torn's v/ife. A
scene where Torn listens to some of
Levin's new material with all too obviously half an ear (picking up
phone calls, and carrying on separate conversations with other people), is one of the film's best.
The music in the film is also enjoyable but it is reminiscent of Simon's earlier works and lacks originality. The B52s and the Lovin'
Spoonful make guest appearances
and they are welcome additions;
the appearance of Tiny Tim is simply bizarre. The members of Levin's
band are musicians and like Simon
butter dripping languidly in a
multi-colored dish
basking in the strong afternoon
sun, a pool of
golden yellow, melting,
leaking, running off the table,
it pools onto the blue stone floor
rises up again a companion to
and crackers then
icily it hardens and slithers
now snake life-like into the
waiting cracks and holes in the
a joy to mice, a terror to brooms
the sun hungers for its lost vision
it hasn't the strength to find
another victim
—julie wheelwright
Sub 207 - 209
Thursday, December 4th
Sponsored by the University Chaplains
A Service of Carols, Prayer
and Scripture
himself they seem very realistic, but
unfortunately are not very interesting.
There are many loose ends in the
story. We never seem to get the
real reason behind Levin's divorce
from his wife, or why he*decides to
have an affair with Hackett.
The characters in the film are
never really allowed to develop so
that some of these questions might
be answered. The women in the
film appear as: Da one night stand
in Cleveland who wants to sing like
Janis Joplin 2) Levin's wife who
seems continually annoyed, frustrated or glad to see her husband
but after sleeping with him becomes annoyed again 3) the record
promoter's wife who seduces Levin
for reasons not fully explained.
The men are equally flat as either
the good ol' boys in the band, the
record promoters who are out to
make money and have no taste, or
confused souls (Jonah and son).
If you really love Simon's music
or don't mind seeing a mediocre
movie by all means see One Trick
Pony. But if you don't fall into the
above categories, don't bother.
SIMON . . . should have stayed with playing music
Introducing New Golumbia Extra
Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 9 Union city journey into ennui
HARRY AND LOVER . . . hold on for dear life
J3eduv the l^bvrSeason
with a
O* U./J- Cc^eterijix
U-.SOam-V-^Opm * 5pTYV-b'-30pm.
ad tW trimm'inasf
Cad rxtr
not trvct\
safari bar *£eyera«t
For Arts Student's Council Reps
Tuesday, December 2.
Union City, starring Dennis
Lipscomb and Deborah Harry, has
all the elements of a 1940's thriller-
drama: a nervous husband,
unaware that his wife is being unfaithful to him, commits an
unintentional murder and then suffers spasms of guilt which drive him
to extreme paranoia and sleepless
nights. There is, however, much irrationality and dark satire within
this film noir framework of betrayal
and guilt; the murder is committed
over an absurdly funny
causality—spilt, nay, stolen milkl
Union City
Directed by Mark Reichert
Playing at the Bay
Union City begins innocently
enough: a nighttime overview of
Union City, New Jersey, with the
skyline of New York City in the
background, gives way to shots of
a stylish and colorful interior. Panning shots of cream-beige satin curtains, bright-red lampshades which
give off glows of a brothel, bright-
blue kitchen cabinets, and always-
open Venetian blinds in the apartment of a young couple, Harlan
(Dennis Lipscomb) and Lillian
(Deborah Harry), garnish the
screen. If this isn't exactly what
Union City used to be in March
1953, it certainly is director
Reichert's cynical view of
Americana during the cold war
Then, almost as if by accident,
the camera departs abruptly from
the Anais Nin decor and gives us a
taste of the squalor in Union City. A
young vagrant trying to acquire
money from a fat cab driver who
has just received a handsome tip is
flagrantly rebuked. Just as quickly
as we enter the world of this apparently insignificant transient, we
leave it and re-enter Harlan and
Lillian's droll lives.
Harlan, who works in a cramped,
claustrophobic office is hyperactive
and easily agitated. His current preoccupation is trying to find out
who's been stealing milk from the
milk bottles which are delivered to
the apartment and left at the door.
Lillian, his wife, could care less
about the milk. She is cool, demure
— and having an affair with Larry
(Everett McGill), the superintendent.
Larry and Lillian's weekly rendezvous is at the movies, the main
source of mass entertainment for
the lower-middle class. Lillian's
favorite film is How to Marry a
Millionaire, with Marilyn Monroe.
Turn to PF 11
Page Friday 10
Friday, November 28,1980 Union horror
From PF 10
Lillian likes to think that she's the
incarnate vision of the blond bombshell; she dyes her dark hair blonde
and buys expensive red shoes
which accentuate her slender legs.
Larry, a Jack Palance look-alike,
likes to take care of Lillian and
possibly other lonely ladies in the
Harlan's obsession with Who's
Minding the Milk leads to the death
of the thirsty culprit, who turns out
to the young vagrant. Harlan hides
the body in the vacant apartment
next door. No one ever finds the
corpse, but Harlan's shaky conscience gets the better of him. He is
plagued by visions of the bloody
body and nightmares. Except for
Harlan's impotence in bed, which
seems to be a chronic condition
he's used to, Lillian doesn't notice a
thing — she's too busy making
plans for the future with Larry.
Made on a paltry budget of
$500,000, Union City is a competent exercise in economical filmmaking. Much of this film takes
place inside, and the camera avoids
venturing into exterior settings.
Many participants in Union City
have their showbiz origins in music,
including co-stars Deborah Harry
and Pat Benatar, composer Chris
Stein, lead guitarist for the group
Blondie, and director Mark
Reichert. Reichert adapted the
script for Union City from a short
story by Cornell Woolrich, The Corpse Next Door.
Harry and Benatar are no actors;
their talents are more suitable for
the domain of popular music. Yet
their deadpan delivery of the
dialogue with voices that carry little
dramatic   conviction    works   for
in the dark earldom
the evil toad sings loudly
we are consumed
— stulie mcwright
Bicycles for all the
family this Christmas
Children's as low as
5706 University Blvd.,
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w     bin
THE Poster & Print
3209 W. Broadway, Van.
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3644 West 4th Avenue
At Alma
Union City since the whole film
basks in a certain passivity. Harry
glides through Union City with her
sexy fashion-model looks and black
lingerie. Benatar, who dons an
overdrawn lipstick on her thin lips,
looks like Shelley Duvall in Annie
Hall, and is just as spaced out.
The only active character in
Union City is Harlan, expertly played by Dennis Lipscomb. His histrionic reactions to inconsequential
matters, like the stolen milk, make
him look like a helpless clod from
the Twilight Zone. Life around him
is so inert that one cannot help but
wonder during the course of this
film, what is he getting so upset
Union City is full of absurdity and
wry observations about the "good"
life in an economically booming,
but spiritually soulless industrial city. Those looking for a new wave
recital from Deborah Harry and Pat
Benatar are politely asked to take a
hike. Those willing to sit back and
smile at these farcical characters
right out of the pages of Harold
Pinter should consider seeing
Union City.
Wilder's fedora flops
Fedora, a newly-released film by
Billy Wilder, has been "in the can"
(as they say) for over two years.
Opening tonight at the Capitol 6,
the film was not released by the
studios until recently — years after
it was completed. Why they decided to release it at all is a mystery.
Directed by Billy Wilder
Playing at the Capitol 6
The movie is based on the
unoriginal premise that a vain,
egocentric movie star will do
anything to stay on top. Marthe
Keller plays Fedora, an aging Gar-
boesque star who is unwilling to let
go of her public image.
In the first moments of the
movie, before the opening credits
roll, a distraught woman cries
"Fedora" and throws herself in
front of an oncoming train. With
that bit of melodrama over with, the
film shifts to a regal funeral parlor
where Fedora is lying in state.
Enter William Holden as producer
Barry Detweiler. As he files past the
coffin with the other curiousity
seekers he reflects (sounding very
much like Mitchum's Philip
Marlowe) "If I hadn't gone to Corfu
to look for her two weeks ago,
maybe she'd still be alive."
Through a series of flashbacks
Barry Detweiler-cum-Philip
Marlowe unravels his story.
A down-on-his-luck producer, he
has finally secured backers for his
newest venture, a remake of
Tolstoy's Anna Karenina — if he
can deliver the reclusive Fedora in
the title role.
He traces Fedora to her Mediterranean retreat off the Greek island
of Corfu, where she has retired
after attempting suicide over the
much younger Michael York,
played by York himself.
As we later learn (in another
flashback)   Detweiler  and   Fedora
had a one night stand many years
ago when he was second-assistant
director on one of her pictures.
Detweiler's problem is that
Fedora is sheltered from all outside
contacts by her "weird entourage":
the old Countess, in whose mansion she lives, her plastic surgeon
Dr. Vando ( played by Jose Ferrer),
her chauffeur, and a nurse-
What Detweiler sees in Corfu
convinces him she is being held
against her will. When he manages
to meet Fedora - who looks surprisingly youthful for 67 - in a Greek
shop after she escapes from the
careless chauffeur, she is hastily apprehended and ushered away into
the black Rolls.
The second time she escapes,
Dr. Vando and the chauffeur come
with a straitjacket to retrieve her
from Detweiler's hotel room.
Billy Wilder, who also produced
and wrote the screenplay, creates a
Turn to PF 13
dress up as woodpeckers
and get
a bank...
life is for
the birds
they go...
Executive Producer MELVILLE TUCKER • Produced by HANNAH WEINSTEIN
m cotwm* mctimh mom-matt, r
Coming in December
Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 11 fiction
The early morning sun filtered
through the bamboo shade and
sprinkled its beam across the floor.
The lines of golden light formed
geometrical patterns with the
cracks between the wooden planks
leaving the rest of the room in ambiguous shadow.
As the dreamer lay sprawled
amongst his blankets and pillows,
the form of the world came before
him and swung wide the door. And
there, spread eneath him, stretched a vast expanse of hands and
eyes; grasping, looking, reaching.
"So this is Hell," he thought, "to
gaze forever across the millenia,
across an unbridgeable emptiness
in search of one's own eyes. These
eyes are lost and I have none save
they can reach the other's. For only
in the eyes of others do I see my
own eyes reflected." He paused, "I
am alone," he whispered quietly,
"alone in a sea of others, and oh
god, what a stench. They crowd in
on me,  they suffocate me,  they
stare with their nauseating eyes,
the very mirrors of my own. Hell is
the hand of the other that grabs at
me, that holds me under water, that
drags me down where there is no
Waking he loosened his lids and
gazed at the ceiling. He was not
where he should be. "But this is my
room," he thought to himself, "the
same room that I wake up in each
morning, the same blankets, the
same bed. Why should I not be
He pondered. Then, suddenly, a
strange feeling came over him. It
seemed to him as though he were
made of liquid, a warm and wet
substance that seeped into the
sheets. His stomach felt as though
it were full of fluid, indeed as
though it were fluid itself.
Now all his insides seemed to be
fluid. He could feel himself running
into the sheets as though he were
water or blood. He was draining
away into the fabric. A terrible anxiety fell upon him, he sprang up im
mediately and then sat gasping in
his bed. His glance darted quickly
to his thighs, then to his hands —
flesh, not liquid. With a nervous
slowness he rubbed his now
trembling hands over his thighs and
suspiciously observed this seemingly unreal movement. "I must be the
lone traveller," he whispered in a
shakey voice, "who in his journeys
has wandered too close to the
Slowly rising from the bed he
turned and set his bare feet on the
cold wooden floor. Step by step he
made his way across the barren,
room, across the emptiness; his
quiet footfall lost in the dusty
In shallow breath he arrived at
the far side of the room streaming
with sweat and stood shivering in
front of a partially opened door.
The room just beyond the entrance
was full of the morning sun whose
rays snuck through the opening
and split across his chest. He raised
his hand and gave the door a push,
swinging it wide. The sun's force
struck his eyes so that they hurt and
he recoiled holding his hand to his
face. The throbbing lingered a few
seconds and then disappeared.
Taking his hand from his face he
peered into the brightly lit space
before him. And there, quietly at
rest on a couch, sat a young girl
wrapped in a pale blue robe, knees
pulled to her chest. All else in the
room immediately gave way to her
form. Her long sandy blonde hair
fell gently about her neck and
shoulders accentuating their subtle
curve. Her little toes poised upon
the cushions, seemed to him as in
tricately carved pieces of ivory, or
as many faceted diamonds lying on
dark velvet in the jeweller's window.
Just below the hem of her robe
was drapped the lace edging of a
light beige nightgown. The clothes
fell about her shape in such a way
that the surface of a white thigh
was exposed from between the
Turn to PF 13
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11:30 a.m.-3:00 p.m.; Sat- 4:00 p.m.-3:00 a.m.;
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A variety of great dishes including Moussaka, Kalamana
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Mon- Thurs 4 prrh2:30 am
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Introducing the new hamburger from the DAIRY QUEEN
BRAZIER store. In a new "six to a pound" size that really
gives you some meat for your money. Instead of a banquet of
You see, while other burger chains
get as many as ten hamburgers from a
pound of beef, we get only six. And
that gives you "more burger than
bun." A burger that's tender,
deliciously-cooked. Every time. The
new burger from DAIRY QUEEN
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Plus complete Menu Selection
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Open: 11:30 - Midnight
Monday thru Saturday
... a restaurant of
Superb Cantonese recipes
Exceptional Continental cuisine
Banquet Facilities  * All Major Credit Cards
4544 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver, B.C.
Reservations: 228-1181
Page Friday 12
Friday, November 28,1980 vista
Mass Madia and tha Artist is
the subtitle of a display of 68 engravings by William Hogarth at
the Vancouver Art Gallary. The
exhibition, on loan from the British
Museum, opens Saturday, Nov. 29
and runs until Jan. 24, 1981.
AMS Concerts presents for the
enjoyment of all, the Pointed
Sticks. At the Pit, no lessl Friday
and Saturday, Dec. 5 and 6, at 7:30
p.m. Advance tickets are available
at the AMS box office.
Other music on campus includes
Bernard Lagace, organist from the
Conservatoire de Musique in Montreal. Lagace will play in the UBC recital hall in the Music Building Saturday Nov. 29 at 8:30 p.m. The program will be all Bach. Lagace will
also give a free introductory lecture
on the music he will be playing on
Friday, Nov. 28 at 3:30 p.m. in the
music building.
Where Dance and Music Meet
is at the Western Front, where
Nina Seybolt and Jerry Granelli
will be teaching dance from the musicians' point of view, with an op-
More Fedora
From PF 11
visually pleasing, fast-paced and
suspenseful move - for the first
forty-five minutes. The second half
of the film seems like the work of a
different person.
The action that marked the first
half of the movie abruptly disappears as through more flashbacks
the countess tells Detweiler the
truth. The last part stretches
tediously on ad infinitum while the
countess, the nurse and Dr. Vando
recount their stories. What could
have been accomplished in 10 or 15
minutes is prolonged interminably.
When the film finally reaches a
conclusion it is most unsatisfying
because of lines that scream out to
be said. Detweiler doesn't react
with outrage when he learns what
has taken place, but instead makes
an oblique reference to what a good
movie it would have made.
In Fedora Wilder creates a
number of situations that are too
implausible to be believed. For example, when the movie flashes
back to Detweiler's first meeting
with Fedora he is yawning while he
places lily pads over her breasts in a
nude pool scene. This, we are expected to believe, piques the star so
much that she takes the young
Detweiler (placed by Stephen Collins, who has no physical
resemblance to Holden) to bed.
The movie has a full slate of
name actors - including a cameo by
Henry Fonda - but with one exception the acting is uniformly flat.
Holden doesn't bring anything to
his role, and Ferrer succeeds only if
his intention was to create a
character foil, and not a full-
blooded personage. Even Michael
York is uncharacteristically lifeless.
From PF 12
folds of cloth. The morning light
which danced upon her bare leg intensified the whiteness of the skin
'til it seemed to be glowing. Each
tiny blonde hair which covered her
skin's smoothly textured surface
shone softly.
And then, as if she had been
waiting all along, she raised her
slender hand, gently pulled the hair
back from her snowy face, and she
turned towards her observer. Their
eyes met in the emptiness. And in
that silent abyss he felt himself take
form. His breath was slow and
deep, his shivering stopped. A
warmth crept upon him and the
world bloomed — he was no longer
fluid. Her eyes allowed him to be.
She smiled softly to him, "You've
been dreaming haven't you?" came
her soothing voice. "Yes," he said
slowly, "I guess I have."
portunity to dance to live music.
There will be a workshop from
noon to 6 p.m. on Saturday, Dec.
6, preceded by a performance on
Friday night, Dec. 5 at 8 p.m. For
more information, call the Western
Front at 876-0556.
Also at the Western Front, electronic music honoring Canada
Music Week. Featured will be
music by Barry Truax, Hugh Lu-
caine, David Keane, and others.
The event will occur at 8:30' p.m.
Friday, Nov. 28 at the Western
Front, 303 E. 8th.
And for all you Western Front
fans, the WF Video will present
new works by Elizabeth Vander
Zaag, Kate Craig, and Susan
Britton. The video works will be on
view at the Western Front on Monday, Dec. 1 at 8 p.m.
The Literary Storefront will
present Life of a Fire Lookout, a
series of poems, slides, interviews
and movies by Wayne Pease. Drop
down to #1, 314 W. Cordova at 8
p.m. on Thursday, Dec. 4.
HOGARTH ENGRAVINGS ... for an explanation of this picture, see left.
LISZT —Piano Concerto No. I
BEETHOVEN —SymphonyNo. 7
MOZART — "Jupiter" Symphony
TCHAIKOVSKY - Violin Concerto
STRAUSS —Don Quixote
SCHUBERT —SymphonyNo. 5
ROSSINI — Semiramide Overture
SIBELIUS —Symphony No. 2
Saturday, Monday or
Tuesday Concerts
Subscriptions from $16.50
1/3 off for G.I.S. Seniors
and Students
PHONE 689-1411
Subscribe now at all
Vancouver Ticket Centre
outlets. 687-4444 to
charge to Visa, Mastercard
or Eaton's account.
ALDO CICCOLINI - 'Stupendous,
riveting... incomparable pianist."
cellist... tone of uncommon purity and
sheen." JUDITH FORST — "Vivacious
... amazing... immensely impressive
repertoire" ANDRE LAPLANTE —
"Destined to join the elite of this era's
greatest pianists." RAYMOND LEPPARD
— "European sensation ... a dynamic
conducting force." LESLIE MALOWANY
— "Fully the equal of any violist
anywhere today." ISAAC STERN — "The
complete violinist."
Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra Music Director
Friday, November 28,1980
Page Friday 13 Page 20
Friday, November 28,1980
For Christmas Give
Give Books of
Available in Attractive
$5 and $10 Booklets
Accepted at face value at all Famous Players
and 20th Century Theatres across Canada.


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