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The Ubyssey Oct 27, 1977

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Array Gov't may axe reps-deputy
By MIKE BOCKING
Student politicians Wednesday
attacked comments by B.C.'s
deputy education minister that the
government may end student
representation on university
governing bodies.
Walter Hardwick is reported to
have said Monday at a UBC
Alumni Association dinner that if
the Universities Act had been
revised this year, student representation would have been reduced
or eliminated.
Hardwick said the actions of
student board of governors
members are responsible for the
government's position. He referred
in particular to former student
representative   Svend   Robinson.
Robinson was an active and
vocal UBC board member in 1975.
He recently defeated Simon Fraser
University president Pauline
Jewett for the NDP federal
nomination in Burnaby.
UBC student board member Moe
Sihota said Wednesday, "when
they take away student representation on the board they will be
taking away a very important
voice on the board."
"If student representatives on
the board would be quiet I don't
think the government would try to
take away representation. But the
fact that they've been vocal and
have been trying to question what
the university is doing is why they
want to get rid of us."
Sihota has also been accused of
being too open with the press about
board affairs.
On Oct. 4 the board pressured
Sihota not to talk so freely to the
press and to The Ubyssey in
particular.
At that time there was
speculation the board would ask
for Sihota's resignation in
November.
"I wouldn't be surprised if the
government took away student
representation, but students would
react angrily to that," said Sihota.
THE UBYSSEY
Vol. LX, No. 19 VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1977   <^>1R    228-2301
ASIATIC HEAD which formerly graced covered walkway near Music
building was smashed into oblivion recently by vandals, leaving only
—matt king photos
metal mounting rod on left. Physical plant workers recovered broken
pieces of valuable work and replacement of head is a possibility.
Lack of appeals c'tee unfair — Hender
UBC student awards director
Byron Hender criticized the Social
Credit government Wednesday for
failing to set up a student loan
appeals committee.
"I am very concerned that the
cabinet has not yet deemed it
appropriate to strike the appeals
committee," he said.
Hender was referring to the
government's slowness in implementing the committee which is
necessary under the Canada
Student Loan Act.
Theact states that each province
must set up an appeals committee
before it can legally operate a
student financial assistance
program.
Hender said lack of such a
committee, which is designed to
give students a chance to have
their loan application appeals
heard independently, is unfair to
the many B.C. students who are
appealing loan and grant
decisions.
At UBC alone, more than 700
students are appealing decisions,
he said.
"I fear this (situation) may
cause a problem for those who are
in immediate financial need,
because this will put them into
great financial distress," Hender
said.
"There exists a general need for
an appeals committee, in order
that cases which the general staff
cannot deal with may be properly
appraised.
"I repeat, there is no question
that some students will find
themselves in great financial
distress."
The government has had since
March to set up an appropriate
committee, but has not had a
provincial authority to do so.
But, according to Paul Sandhu,
Alma Mater Society external affairs officer, government
bureaucrats     are    processing
student appeals despite the fact
there is no legitimate appeals
committee.
He said Tuesday that there is a
problem when the same people
who have established the system
and its structures listen to people
who tell them there is something
wrong with those structures.
"The way it (the appeals
procedure) is being run presently,
you have an administration that is
supposed to see what is wrong with
their own criteria," Sandhu said.
Sandhu also criticized the format
outlined for the appeals committee, consisting of two representatives each from student
services, financial aid officers and
student organizations.
Sandhu, who was recently appointed B.C. Students' Federation
delegate to the appeals committee,
See page 2: PROCEDURE
Directory 'discriminates'
UBC's Regent College theological school should not
have placed an advertisement in a born-again
Christian business directory, college principal Carl
Amerding said Wednesday.
Amerding said the ad in the 58-page Yellow Pages
directory, which has come under attack from local
Jewish leaders, "was placed by junior administrative
staff who weren't aware of its implications."
The ad appeared in the education section of the
directory, which features advertisements for born-
again beauty parlors, real estate agencies, land
developers and other Christian businessmen.
The directory was produced to let the public know
which city businesses are run by Christians, its
promoters say.
The implications of such a directory, Amerding
charged, are that religion is a basis for doing business
and the directory could lead to "a white list and black
list of who is acceptable in the community."
Vancouver Jewish leaders issued a statement to the
press Oct. 26 that urges Christian leaders to oppose
the exclusive directory, which they charge exhibits
"an overt form of racism."
The directory advises Christians to "spend money
. . . in Christian places of business, where it is always
being used and tithed to the glory of God."
Dr. Ian Rennie, a prominent Vancouver Presbyterian leader, said the directory is a "terrible
example of new triumphalism."
"The whole attitude smacks of a new evangelical
underworld."
The Jewish Anti-Defamation League in California
is currently suing I-Found-It style yellow pages
publishers on grounds of religious discrimination.
The league claims such directories resemble "Buy
Christian" campaigns in Nazi Germany that led to
national boycotts of Jewish businesses.
Amerding agreed that born-again yellow pages are
reminiscent of "sad experiences of the thirties," but
said "there's really nothing to worry about."
Armerdng described Regent College as part of the
conservative evangelical movement.
But "we're not exactly the book-burning, snake-
handling type."
"They are saying we have no
right to participate in decisionmaking in the university although
numerically we are the biggest
group by far on campus."
Hardwick also said there will be
increased capital expenditures
over the next five years for the
universities to upgrade existing
buildings and to beautify the
grounds.
And he announced the government will be spending more money
on research.
Currently the. amount of
research is at 1969 levels, he said,
and the provincial government
wants to upgrade research to 1975
levels.
The government has formed a
research council headed by
William Armstrong, former
chairman of the Universities
Council of B.C.
Research will be encouraged
mainly in professional faculties
such as medicine, commerce,
engineering and forestry instead of
liberal arts, he said.
The department will also be
trying to get more money for
research from business and
government through sponsored
fellowships.
For example, the Greater
Vancouver Regional District might
sponsor a fellowship to study a
particular problem in urban
geography of interest to them.
Sihota said this would be a
serious intrusion of the government into university affairs.
"It's wrong in that the university
should determine what its research
priorities are," he said.
"When the government begins
dictating what research areas it
wants,  it challenges the  university's academic autonomy."
See page 2: HARDWICK
UBC admin
'not acting'
on racism
By BILL TIELEMAN
The UBC administration has
failed to act on charges of racial
discrimination within the faculty of
commerce, student board of
governors member Moe Sihota
said Wednesday.
"The most disturbing and
frustrating thing about this case is
that I talked to the administration
about it in August and nothing
happened," he said.
Sihota charged at a student representative assembly meeting Oct.
19 ft at East Indian students in
commerce have been discriminated against and that files
he had proving the charge were
stolen in a break-in at the office of
Alma Mater Society external affairs officer Paul Sandhu.
Sihota charged that some East
Indians in commerce were being
failed or getting lower marks
because of their race.
Sihota said he will discuss the
charges with UBC administration
president Doug Kenny in a meeting
Thursday and some action may
then be taken.
"Despite the fact that the files
are missing, I still recall the
particulars of the case and I will
discuss the matter with president
Kenny Thursday and out of that
hopefully some vehicle will arise to
address the problem," he said.
Sihota denied that he was
charging the whole faculty with
racial discrimination.
"I'm certainly not trying to
charge the faculty of commerce
(with racism). It is not widespread, as is the impression. It is
confined to a very few individuals," he said.
Sihota said he cannot make
details of the case public until the
missing files show up.
See page 2: ADMIN Pag* 2
THE       UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 27, 1977
Soys Sihota
Admin 'knew about racism'
^MrdrU,d^,^,^,^,^rf,^rfrfrf,d,d,dr^n=lr^i=liaj^/=^
From page 1
"I can't pursue the matter until
the files show up," he said.
None of the 17 students involved
in the case are still attending UBC,
Sihota said, and they were not all
East Indian students.
Sihota said he does not intend to
turn the case into a condemnation
of the whole faculty and regrets the
reaction of commerce dean Peter
Lusztig and other commerce
faculty members who criticized
him for making the accusations.
"It's unfortunate that it sparked
the kind of comments it did. In my
Acadia U professors
still without contract
WOLFVILLE (CUP) - Yearlong contract negotiations between
the faculty and administration of
Acadia University were set back
again last week as the university's
board of governors rejected the
recommendations of a conciliation
officer on a key issue and the
proposals of their own negotiators.
The board also released its
negotiating team and moved that
negotiations be conducted by the
board's executive committee represented by university vice-
president Donald Archibald.
The board turned down a recommendation of its negotiators to set
up a review procedure for deans
who receive a non-confidence vote
from faculty.
Faculty association president
Tom Regan said faculty will seek
legal advice on whether the administration can be charged with
bargaining in bad faith on the
matter.
The board rejected Nova Scotia
labor ministry conciliator W. J.
McCallum's recommendation that
the firing of music department
professor Michael McCarthy be
referred to binding arbitration.
Reacting to the board's decision,
Regan said the faculty association
asked for a special meeting with
the board's executive to try to
reach a compromise.
Procedure
jeopardizes
loan appeals
From page 1
said     the     government     administration should not have the
final  say   in   appeal   committee
decisions.
"In fact, only students and
members of the general public
should be allowed to even sit on the
appeals committee," he said.
"No one associated with the government should be allowed to do so
and all committee decisions must
be final."
Education minister Pat McGeer
and deputy minister Walter
Hardwick were unavailable for
comment Wednesday.
Regan complained the beard was
"undoing six months of
negotiations in retreating from a
compromise offered by their administration negotiators on the
dean's review committee issue."
The board decided the McCarthy
matter was "non-negotiable."
The administration has offered
McCarthy a cash settlement but
will not consider reinstatement.
McCarthy's contract was not
renewed in 1975 and the firing led
to large demonstrations of support
by faculty and students.
The board negotiators had
agreed to give McCallum's
proposal to the governors at a
meeting of both negotiating teams
Oct. 13. The meeting was cancelled
with the release of the board's
negotiators.
Archibald denied the board was
operating in bad faith and qualified
their decision: "we've just said we
need more time to study the
situation. Our position is that the
review of deans' conduct can't
possibly be included in a collective
agreement because deans are not
part of the bargaining unit."
Regan said any decision on
further action by the faculty will
not take place until the next
regularly scheduled faculty
meeting Tuesday.
Regan said the contract would be
the first for Acadia faculty who he
claimed are among the lowest paid
in the Maritimes.
Ihe ma in salary issue, he said, is
not money but a "merit clause"
currently in effect where faculty at
equal levels can get paid more than
others.
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comments at SRA I was not trying
to charge the faculty," Sihota said.
"My intent (in making the
charge) was to impress on SRA
members the importance of my
files and this was the most effective way of showing their importance," said Sihota.
"I wanted to make clear to SRA
people that I could not pursue the
matter without those files."
Sihota said he hopes SRA
members might be able to help him
recover the missing files through
their contacts on campus.
Sihota said the situation would
not have become so inflamed if he
had not left town to attend the
National Union of Students conference the day after he made the
charges.
"If I had not left town I don't
think the situation would have
reached this point," he said.
Hardwick
expresses
gov't policy
From page 1
Sihota said the deputy minister's
comments "reinforce the department of education's philosophy of
vocational programs versus liberal
arts."
Hardwick said after the dinner
that the university should hold the
line on faculty salary increases.
The university is not at the mercy
of the faculty, he said.
UBC faculty association
president Richard Roydhouse said
Wednesday that the deputy
minister's comments are only "a
continuation of its (the education
ministry's) policy of making
threatening noises about faculty
salaries, and do not surprise me."
"I would be truly surprised if he
said we were underpaid," he said.
Roydhouse said one reason the
faculty needs a wage increase is
the high cost of living in Vancouver.
"We would have no problem if
UBC was located in Surrey," he
said.
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Monday 12:30 p.m.
October 31
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Dr. James Jonah - U.N. Senior Political
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Dr. JONAH. Zayed GAMIET - chairperson of Southern Africa Action
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Party, all welcome.
"Last Grave at Dimbaza" — film — with
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SPONSORED BY: Arts Undergraduate Society, Canadian University
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IMPERIAL OIL LIMITED Thursday, October 27, 1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 3
laws still not fair to women
Women's rights legislation has
come along way in Canada, but not
far enough, a Vancouver Status of
Women spokeswoman said
Wednesday.
Carol Pfeifer said that legally
people tend to identify women by
their relationships with men.
' 'If you get married, you are part
of a man," she said.
Speaking to about 25 people in
SUB 130, Pfeifer said that according to Canadian law, when a
woman's husband moves, she must
move with him or risk being sued
for desertion.
Pfeifer discussed the 1977
Family Relations Act, currently
being legislated in Ottawa.
Under this act, maintenance
payments to divorced women will
be eliminated and the value of all
property shared by the family will
be divided equally between
husband and wife.
Pfeifer said the main inequality
in the act is the section that states
that if family property includes a
business the value of the business
would not be divided equally
because the man's livelihood would
be at stake according to the
government.
She said that if a woman wants to
claim financial support from her
former husband after a divorce she
must charge him with adultery,
desertion or mental and/or
physical cruelty.
Pub strike
continues     JJ
Business at the Bimini neigh- ^^
borhood pub has decreased by 95
per cent since picket lines were set
up last Thursday, a Service, Office
and Retail Workers' Union of
Canada (SORWUC) spokeswoman
said Wednesday.
"We will keep the picket lines up
until owner Peter Uram decides to
go back to the bargaining table,"
Margot Holmes said. "As for now,
we are preparing to initiate strike
pay."
The Bimini workers' strike will
alter its second week today.
Uram admitted there has been a
decline in business, but accused
SORWUC of placing non-
employees on the picket lines.
"I mean, half of my employees
are reporting for work and yet,
there are 30 or 40 people
picketing," said Uram.
Bimini employs about 20 full-
time workers.
If she chooses the latter, she
must prove her case in family
court Pfeifer said this is a dehumanizing process.
Another legal problem facing
Canadian women is they cannot
charge their husbands with rape.
Pfeifer said a woman can charge
her husband with assault, but often
cannot because she has nowhere to
live except with her husband.
She said police are often
reluctant to intervene in family
disputes.
"More policemen are injured
when they attend at a domestic
scene than anywhere else," she
said.' 'And they feel uncomfortable
when they aren't chasing robbers."
She said part of the problem is
"As for the union charges, they
have not even been in touch wiih
me. I don't know how they expect
me to negotiate if they are never
available," Uram said.
Bimini's workers are striking for
an increase in wages, employee
work scheduling, seniority rights
and increased medical benefits.
police are not given any social
work training. Some are trying to
overcome this by taking social
workers with them when they
attend at a family fight.
But, Pfeifer said, things are
better for women in Canada than
they were before women began to
lobby for legal rights.
She said a woman who thinks her
husband is giving her insufficient
financial support can charge him
with non-support, even though she
is still married to him.
If the woman wins her case, her
husband is legally obligated to give
her increased financial support. If
he refuses, his wages can be
garnisheed unless he is a civil
servant or corrections service
employee.
Pfeif fer said the idea of payment
for housework is currently being
studied. She said one study was
done in Manitoba by the provincial
government but no results have
been released yet.
A Labor Canada study showed
that housework accounts for about
30 per cent of Canada's gross
national product, she said.
Because of this, Pfeifer said,
there should be a guaranteed
annual income for women of $3,000.
She said that used in conjunction
with a sliding tax scale, this
system could eliminate the
welfare, pension and Unemployment Insurance Commission systems.
"Everything now is charity,"
she said.
—matt king photo
GIANT MAGIC MUSHROOMS attract hungry gaze from passing student. Mushrooms, noted for
hallucinogenic qualities, are often found at UBC and are extremely valuable, as witnessed by huge chain
installed by owner. Purple haze on right is actually steam rising off potent vegetation.
Unemployment No. 1 priority
CALGARY (CUP) — While
unemployment became the
number one priority of the
National Union of Students at a
conference held in Calgary last
weekend, most delegates left the
conference uncertain about the
effectiveness of the campaign.
Delegates at the conference
called for extensive research on
the effects of unemployment and
for more publicity on the NUS
position on the issues of unemployment for debate on the campuses of
Canada.
NUS is demanding the federal
government develop a continuing
NUS indecisive on Quebec
CALGARY (CUP) — Should a federation of Quebec
students have separate and equal status with the
National Union of Students?
The question was hotly debated at the NUS conference here last weekend but no decision was
reached.
The conference decided students at each post-
secondary institution should debate the question and
instruct their student council to vote "Yes" or "No"
in a NUS mail referendum in January.
The decision was a blow to Daniel Pauquet,
executive member of the Association Nationale des
Etudiants de Quebec, and his allies at the conference.
They urged the conference to give immediate
recognition to ANEQ as the National Student Union of
Quebec and to the right of self-determination for
Quebec as a nation.
'"Ihe Parti Quebecois referendum may come by
March '78," said Pauquet.
"And if the French students do not feel the English
students are in solidarity with them and that then-
rights have been recognized, it can affect how they
vote in the referendum."
Delegates from the University of Toronto argued
against an immediate decision. They said discussion
on each campus should precede a decision at the
national level so students will not think a policy is
being "forced on them."
Ontario Federation of Students president Miriam
Edelson agreed. "Students need guidance from
student leaders."
She argued that motions passed at the conference
could serve as a focus for local campus discussions
and that they didn't automatically pre-empt full
discussion.
Pauquet's motion, one recognizing ANEQ as the
union of the students of the nation of Quebec equal to
NUS in English Canada, and one recognizing the right
of the Quebec people to self-determination, did win
approval at the conference workshop but did not get
past the plenary session.
Still worried that the issue was being forced without
full discussion even within the delegates at the
conference, the NUS executive managed to sidetrack
the motions at the final stage of debate on Sunday.
Rather than decide the issue at the plenary
meeting, the executive mustered support for a motion
calling for a mail vote in late January after
discussion on local campuses.
program of job creation with the
goal of Ml employment.
However St. Mary's University
delegate Matt Adamson said he is
not sure short-term job creation is
the answer to unemployment.
"It (the NUS position) hasn't
changed the basic attitudes toward
long-term goals. It's just a
superficial look at unemployment
in Canada."
Most delegates agreed that unemployment was a severe problem
and had to be dealt with immediately. But most were at a loss
to develop strategy on the issue.
In a final, unscheduled workshop
a campaign to educate the students
of Canada on the implications of
unemployment was drawn up.
The NUS campaign will include a
week of activity at the end of
February which will include
general meetings on employment
at local campuses. The campaign
calls for large-scale student input,
pamphlets, posters and the
establishment of local employment
committees.
The campaign will culminate
with the NUS executive presenting
student concerns on employment
to prime minister Pierre Trudeau.
Colin d'Eca of the Ontario
Federation of Students executive
stressed the need for an em-
pbyment campaign.
"We need this strategy and
policy to take to our students and
mobilize them," he said.
PFEIFER ... a long way to go
A0SC votes
to affiliate
with NUS
A director of the Association of
Student Councils views with uncertainty a recent National Union
of Students vote to affiliate the two
organizations.
Phil Henderson, B.C. Institute ot
Technology student society
general manager said the affiliation would benefit NUS far
more than it would AOSC.
"We could have gone along
easily without NUS," he said
Wednesday.
"NUS gets the benefit since any
colleges that join AOSC from now
on must join NUS."
He said the affiliation is unnecessary.
The vote to affiliate was taken at
NUS' conference in Calgary during
the weekend.
NUS members expressed some
reluctance at first to affiliate with
AOSC because it has shown a
deficit every year since 1972.
But a preliminary audit of the
service organization for this year
showing a $30,000 profit prompted
the delegates to vote in favor of
affiliation.
AOSC currently offers charter
flight for student and issues international student cards. It has
offices at many Canadian
universities, including one in SUB
at UBC.
A NUS executive said at the
conference that NUS is interested
in expanding the services AOSC
offers. New services might include
group student insurance, student
hostels and food co-operatives.
Under terms proposed for the
affiliation, universities and
colleges who join AOSc will be
forced to join NUS, but institutions
that already belong to AOSC will
not have to join the union.
Currently, there is no membership fee for AOSC members, but
NUS levies a $1 per student fee on
each college or university that
belongs to the union.
UBC students have voted on
several occasions not to join NUS.
Before the affiliation is official,
AOSC must ratify it at its upcoming general meeting in Toronto
Nov. 17 and 18.
AOSC executive director Ron
Hurd sees no problem in getting
the ratification.
"It is essential for the rebuilding
of a national organization that
covers all aspects of student life,"
he said Wednesday.
Hurd said the greatest advantage to AOSC from the affiliation with NUS will result from
co-operation with NUS field-
workers.
He said the fieldworkers will
take travel service information to
colleges not served by AOSC.
Henderson said AOSC wants
nothing to do with the political
activities of the union. Pag* 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 27, 1977
Cabinet shafts
student loans
There are many things wrong with the system of student
loans and grants, so it is very distressing to see the Social
Credit government in effect torpedoing one of the program's
good features.
Thanks to many unfortunate problems, basically a set of
requirements which prevent chisellers and those who don't
need aid from getting it, bureaucrats reject many loan
applications.
The Canada Student Loan Plan Act compels provincial
governments to form a committee of people outside the
bureaucracy, including students, to hear final appeals of
rejected loan applications.
The Socreds haven't formed one in B.C., so if you've
been unfortunate enough to be turned down, tough luck.
Evidentally, the Socreds are either forgetful or don't want a
little detail like the law to impede on their dollar-squandering
policies.
Putting students at the mercy of bureaucrats is especially sad when considering the requirements designed thwart the
chisellers. Thse rules are not only humiliating to students
who genuinely need the money, but they also discriminate
against certain groups of students, such as those who live
away from home and do not receive any financial help from
their families.
And this summer saw perhaps the worst student
employment situation in our lifetimes. To those students
who went without jobs or who had to work for low wages,
loans are an unfortunate necessity.
The cabinet's delay or refusal to set up a committee
may force many of these people out of university after the
often heartless bureaucracy rejects them. To 700 UBC
students appealing loan decisions, the lack of an independent
committee is a chilling thought.
We shouldn't hold our breath waiting for a committee,
for the cabinet has shown that its concern for the needy is
miniscule compared to its concern for big business and its
wealthy backers.
We have always believed that the whole concept of
student loans imposes an unfair burden on students who
don't have rich parents. The National Union of Students is
calling for the replacement of loans with grants. We agree
with the NUS stand.
But in the meantime, the principle of loan appeals
outside the bureaucracy must be upheld.
Bigotry born again
According to the Bible, Jesus said, "Love thy neighbor
as thyself." He said nothing about what faith thy neighbor
should profess.
But a group of so-called born-again Christians appear to
have forgotten the basic tenet of the teaching they profess to
follow.
In a move, frighteningly reminiscent of conditions in
pre-war Germany, where people were urged to "Buy
Christian," some of these people have put out a business
directory.
Nothing wrong with that, except you can't advertise in
it unless you are an honest-to-goodness born-again Christian.
Catholics, Anglicans, Jews, Moslems and any others need not
apply.
Who says Christians oppose bigotry? What a hypocritical
way to make money.
THE UBYSSEY
OCTOBER 27. 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301-
Advertising, 228-3977.
Editor: Chris Gainor
"I've solved my problems as tar as grades are concerned this year,"
announced Mike Bocking. "I've decided to apply tne A for a lay principle."
"He'll be lucky If he gets an Incomplete," remarked Bill Tieleman snldely.
Meanwhile' born-again newsslder Terry Glavln reacted with self-rlghteogs
disgust at the sinful reporters. As he stalked from the office, he glared
coldly at llvlng-ln-sln Kathy Ford. "What's wrong with him?" asked Chris
"Lust-ln-My-Heart"GaInor. Tom Hawthorn Ignored the question because
he was busy organizing the next Chllliwack-style record burning session.
Marcus Gee tried to convince the directory people he was a genuine
born-again newsslder, all the while calculating how much he could mark up
the price he was charging other born-agalners for his stories. Lloyanne
Hurd and Matt King plotted to get rid of wicked seml-poofdas such as
Heather Conn and Geof Wheelwright while Mike MacLeod counter-plotted.
"Praise the saints, hallelujah and down with orange juice from Florida!" he
canted and thundered as the staff all went to hell and damnation.
Letters
Put up or shut up at Pit
ill    Sekhon's    letter   sex lives at various tables. Trying    outbursts like that an<
Re:    Paul    Sekhon's
justifying Pit prices.
Thank you Mr. student administrative commission chairperson. At long last you have
justified that wonderful operation
known as the Pit. Every year we
hear how the Pit is a place meant
to provide both service and employment to UBC students, but not
until now has anyone told me how
to get a beer.
Walking into the Pit for a drop of
liquid refreshment, one relaxes in
a restful atmosphere waiting for
the waiters to decide whose section
you are in. Obviously it wasn't one
of the four playing bridge behind
the bar or one of the six holding a
meeting by the empty beer cases.
It must have been one of the
other five trying to improve their
sex lives at various tables. Trying
Sekhon's suggestion, I boldly raise
my hand to place my order.
Having waved my arm back and
forth long enough to make the
motion an innate characteristic of
future generations, I decide that
perhaps a gentle verbal request
will help. Alas, no such luck.
Finally I try a somewhat
stronger approach in the form of a
piercing cry of "more beer"
(please remember that this was an
act of desperation). Oh joy, it
appears to have worked, for three
very burly looking characters in
red vests are approaching my
table.
"Excuse me sir, but any more
outbursts like that and we will have
to ask you to leave, new policy you
know." Admittedly, they were
very polite about it, but I still didn't
get my #@&/*?! beer, if you will
excuse that little loss of self control.
My point, Sekhon, is that your
little group should not cry about
increased staff raising the cost of a
beer with the justification that it is
increasing service to students.
Service at the Pit is going the same
route as the student spirit that was
once displayed there, into the proverbial dungheap of SAC's
progressive polices.
Dan Thompson
agriculture 4
Hlookoff half-correct
Peter Hlookoff s first point, if I have understood it correctly, is well
J-? o/-)f»/   Jin lf£> ? teken- In the zea! to achieve equal rights for women, which I strongly
J-\.a.\JW>l   JL*rlM>iX"»    support,  some women have  adopted  an  attitude  of  reverse  discrimination, which I shudder at.
If it is possible for a man to represent the needs and attitudes of women,
someone with sensitivity and the qualifications for the job of d e a n of
women, OK, hire him — but — I entirely disagree with Hlookoff's
assertion that a man can administer a group of females better than a
worn (and vice versa). In my experience, this is entirely unsubstantiated.
Julie Petersen
education
What kind of funky shit is goin'
down in this city? Who in god's
name does Verne McDonald think
he is? Hunter fucking Thompson?
Do I relate, Jake? That's the
second article that this semi-asshole has written in the Gonzoic
style of which there is but one true
master: Dr. Hunter S. Thompson.
Get this straight, Nate. . . either
that fucking dwarf stops ripping off
dear old Hunter, or we'll spike his
adrenochrome with Drano (that's
one chemical that even Hunter
won't mess with!).
If this quasi-junkie does not
adhere in future to the high
standards of Gonzo journalism,
don't be surprised if in a few weeks
you read all the sordid details of his
naughty weekend in Smithers (in
Chuck Davis' column, no less).
W. M. "Larry" Fischer
president,
Hunter S. Thompson
Memorial Metachemical Institute
Type, Pis.
We're receiving quite a few
lengthy letters which are not
typed. We are unhappy and will go
on strike unless all letters sent to
this office are typed. If you wish to
write and lack proper equipment,
there are lots of typewriters here
you can use. Thank you.
El Rotundo
Ubyssey typing pool
Thanks for the plug
I went to hear Simon Fraser
University psychologist Sarah
David speak last Thursday and
was excited and impressed with
her, so I wanted to make sure other
people knew she is giving a
workshop for women this weekend
on what she calls emotional self-
defence — getting in touch with
your feelings and your body.
She struck me as a person you
could trust to lead such an exploration. Twelve to 16 women can
take part in the workshop, which
happens in Brock Friday evening
and (I believe) 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday. It costs $35,
but scholarships are available on
request from the women's committee.
The problem is, it could be
cancelled if not enough people
want to attend. Come by the
women's committee office, SUB
130, just inside the main floor door
on the north side of SUB. Someone
is almost always there at noon, but
if not, leave a note with your name
and phone number on the desk.
My motives in writing this letter
are selfish — I want this workshop
to happensol canattendit. If more
people had heard her speak, then
there would be too many people
wanting to attend, not too few.
Janet MacKay
grad student, philosophy
The Ubyssey welcomes letters
from all readers.
Letters should be signed and
typed.
Pen names will be used when the
writer's real name is also included
for oir information in the letter or
when valid reasons for anonymity
are given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received, The
Ubyssey reserves the right to edit
letters for reasons of brevity,
legality, grammar or taste.
Letters should be addressed to
the paper care of campus mail or
dropped off at The Ubyssey office,
SUB 241-K. Thursday, October 27, 1977
THE       U BYSSEY
Pag* 5
Obstacles still face UBC women
A statement written by members of the
UBC dean of women's office and the Alma
Mater Society women's committee on the
occasion of women's week on campus.
Enrolment figures for 1977 show that
women form 44 per cent of the total
university population. Last year for the first
time women outnumbered men in first-year
enrolment — just passing the 50 per cent
mark.
For those persons, academics and
students alike, who feel the struggle for
women's acceptance at a post-secondary
institution is over — look, they are half the
population, that's fair, isn't it? — women
themselves will report that the struggle has
just begun. For while they may have been
admitted in quantity, women students are
still far short in quality of support services
for their programs.
Because women have traditionally served, nurtured and supported men they still
come to higher education institutions performing those functions. Women are role-
trained as daughters, sisters, mothers,
aunts and for the most part come to
university to be teachers, nurses, home
economists, social workers. Women are 85
per cent of the elementary division in the
faculty of education, 98 per cent in the school
of nursing, 70 per cent in the school of social
work.
Not only do women have role expectations
when they graduate from high school and
enter university, they often have more
crucial domestic and financial problems
because of nurturing roles they are still
expected to play in the home, and because of
inequalities in job opportunities.
The women's movement, which has encouraged more and more women to take
their first steps out of the home and back
into career training or professions, has had
its effect on student populations, not only at
this university, but at universities all over
the U.S. and Canada. More and more
"mature" women (statistically this is over
age 25) are returning to post-secondary
classrooms.
At UBC, the mature student population is
now close to 30 per cent, a significant
minority of students. Women who return to
learning at mature ages are often involved
with care of children and care of the home,
as well as providing support systems for
husbands. There has been a large increase
in the number of single parents (nearly all
women) returning for further education: at
the current date one-fourth of the population
of the married student housing area on
campus is single parent headed.
These students need a diversity of daycare services (only co-operative daycare is
so far offered on campus), after-school
services, and family services in case of
illness. They need emotional support
systems, too, and they need them from
university counselling services which are
largely directed toward an 18 to 22 year-old
student population.
Mature women often ask for part-time
studies, to allow them time for families or
home, or for job-earning where they are
single and self-supporting and in lower paid
clerical or service jobs. Too often the
university sees the part-time student as not
a "serious" one. They are sometimes
counselled at a mature age not to enter
classes here, where they would be taking up
a placethatmightbe better held by a "real"
student.
Young women who enter university from
nigh school also have domestic problems
which are unique to them. They may have
chosen different lifestyles from those of
heir parents, and because of their choices,
lave been asked to leave the parental home
jr have left of their own accord at a young
ige. Since women have been traditionally
jxpected to stay on at home during their
studying years, their adjustments to
casement room, suite or apartment are
nore difficult.
Too often the young woman who has left
lome to live with other young people or with
i young man, suffers harassment from a
nale parent who has grown accustomed to
dominating the affairs of his home. Not
nfrequently fathers will follow their
laughters to their new places of residence,
ind use harassing techniques to force the
fO\mg woman to return home.
Even more frequently young men with
vhom they live turn abusive, either
)hysically or orally, and the woman has to
:ope with this situation in whatever way she
:an. She needs strong emotional support
rom other  women  during these stress
perspectives
times, but until the women's movement on
this campus brought a bonding of women
into a women's office collective, and more
recently into the Alma Mater Society
women's committee, there were no feminist
support structures for troubled women.
While the women's movement has done
much to raise the consciousness of government and employers alike to the unequal job
and wage opportunities for women, and
while human rights' legislation seeks to
protect women's rights, there is still little
change in the hard core, traditional views of
"men's work" and "women's work." In
general the bush or camp jobs are still for
men, and the office jobs are still for women.
Summer employment possibilities for
women are curtailed to the city or vacation
spots where income is less and opportunities
limited. Men still command most of the jobs
in mills, factories, gas stations, machinery
depots, woods or drill sites.
Fortunately for women students, the
Canada student loan plan makes provision
on its application form for discrepancies of
income between students. But the provision
does not answer the unequal employment
opportunities, and so can never really meet
the discriminating levels of income between
the sexes.
There are two financial stress groups
among women students. One is again the
single mother who is returning to the
university, and the other is the young
woman who lives independently of her
family.
The single parent may have anywhere
from one to five children to support and to
provide home services for, and yet have the
lowest income of any one student applying
for financial help. She will receive the fufi
amount of the Canada student loan, that is
true; she will be eligible for welfare income
during summer months; that is also true.
But her debts increase monumentally
with each year of university completed, and
her feelings of self-worth are often undermined by constant application to the
department of human resources over the
summer months. She is never living at
anything better than poverty level for all of
her years at school.
The single woman living in suite, apartment or co-op house, has exactly the same
needs as the male student in similar living
circumstances. However, she has not the
same job opportunities, nor can she command  the same  summer  income.
The most difficult financial situation for
women often occurs in graduate studies,
which may explain in part the sharp decline,
in the numbers of women in graduate
programs, as compared to the first- and
second-year programs at the university.
(Enrolment of women in master's programs
last year was 37 per cent and in doctoral
programs, 23 per cent.)
It is easy to follow the patterns of
discrimination between men and women
into their graduate years:
• The male student who is married has a
wife to perform domestic duties for him, or
to earn income to support him while he
studies,
Conversely, the female student, married
or with children, takes on the nurturing role
for the family and thus has to apportion her
time between studies and home. She may
also have to earn income for the family.
• The male student, freed from domestic
duties or job, more commonly pursues full-
time studies at university.
The female student, on the other hand,
because of domestic demands, enrols more
often in part-time, evening session or extra
session programs. Thus very often the
female student is not seen to be as seriously
committed to her academic goal as her male
colleague —a critical judgment in graduate
studies.
• The male student finds strong financial
and academic support for his graduate
program from a proportionately much
higher ratio of male to female on faculty and
in administration.
There are no female academic deans;
there are two female heads of departments;
there are 281 female full-time faculty out of
a total of 1,749.
• The male graduate student is adjudged
by his mentors to be "breadwinner" of the
family, even where his wife works, and
despite his more comfortable domestic
situation.
The mature female student, who is
sometimes a single parent with clear
educational ambitions, is often frustrated by
reminders that she should be at home with
her children.
Obstacles to women's successful completion of university programs are many,
and these obstacles become insupportable
for large numbers of women at postgraduate levels. That women come to the
university at all, and especially in the
numbers they now do is a tribute to their
determination and courage.
Black struggle grows bitter
By LINDSAY CLARK
Whose side will you be on when the South
African civil war really breaks out?
That may be no academic or speculative
question for Canadians over the next few
years as the black struggle with the white
regime becomes more bitter.
Last week's crackdown on black protest
groups and newspapers is a sign that the
liberalization of apartheid laws on such
matters as multi-racial sport was just a
cosmetic gesture.
When the real crunch came of potentially
revolutionary stirrings among the black and
cob red population, such "liberalism" has
given way to iron-fisted toughness — what
the Rand Daily Mail described as an age of
darkness.
The racist ruling party, prime minister
John Vorster's Nationalists, give no indication that they will slacken their violent
hold over the black population.
Nor does there seem any alternatives for
the blacks but to meet the constant daily
violence with more violence.
The days of the nonviolent resistance of
the 1950s and 1960s is long gone.
The suppression of virtually all black
political activity in the 1960s and 1970s, plus
the examples'of the successful liberation of
Mozambique and Angola by armed force
leaves lit tie political option but to fight.
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) and Namibia
(South West Africa) are already in a state of
war.
Lindsay Clark is a member of the
Southern Africa Action Coalition and is on
the organizing committee for Southern
Africa week. Perspectives is a column of
opinion and analysis open to all members of
the UBC community.
Rhodesian white minority leader Ian
Smith has doggedly resisted all peaceful
attempts at securing a black majority
government. Only guerrilla action by the
black nationalist patriotic front forces, and
the collapse of the Portuguese colonial rule
in the bordering states of Angola and Mozambique forced Smith to concede an even
partial transfer of power.
Though thousands of whites have seen the
writing on the wall and have fled the
country, it seems only substantial military
defeats will force him to relinquish power.
In Namibia a reported 50,000-person South
African army occupies the most populous
northern quarter along the Angolan border.
The scheduled "independence" of Namibia
next year is almost certain to see a Vorster-
controlled regime with no participation by
the only large nationalist party Swapo.
Once Rhodesia falls, how long can South
Africa stem the tide of black liberation?
Possibly a few years, perhaps a decade.
Who knows?
Whatever happens South Africa is a vastly
different country from Zimbabwe, Mozambique or Angola. It has a much greater
number of whites, it is rich, industrialized,
urbanized and armed to the teeth. It is a
vastly different proposition from the largely
rural peasant economies to the north.
After the crackdown on leaders of the
black consciousness movement, the
resistance may well be driven underground,
perhaps into urban guerrilla warfare.
What happens when whites begin to die in
bombings or shootings? Will we be as disinterested as we are now becoming with
reports of police shootings of black
protestors?
I would suggest that any escalation of the
black struggle in South Africa will lead to
the kind of division of opinion within Canada
and other western countries similar to that
of the Vietnam war.
Though at least one difference is that big
business will lobby harder for white South
Africa than it did for the Vietnam war.
Profits are larger under the cheap (virtually
slave) labor pool available in South Africa.
Already Canadian banks are beginning to
hit back at criticism of investments in South
Africa. The Royal Bank recently sent a
letter to every delegate at a B.C. convention
of the United Church which opposed bank
loans to South Africa.
Students and staff at UBC will have a
chance to hear and discuss more about the
situation in Southern Africa in a series of
activities starting Friday through Nov. 6.
The activities, called Southern Africa, the
crisis and us, are sponsored by a number of
campus groups and will include appearances by South African women Ann
Nicholson and Kerensa Lai, Namibian Paul
Issac, and United Nations senior advisor
James Jonah.
Films, a performance of the widely-
acclaimed play The Blood Knot and the
speakers will all be announced in The
Ubyssey, Page 6
THE       U BYSSEY
Thursday, October 27, 1977
Late bus
ttheduled
Starting Friday, UBC students
who live on the Tenth/UBC bus
route can stay downtown until
3:10 a.m., well past closing time.
And if you take the Fraser,
Davie, Broadway, MacDonald and
Granville buses, you can also stay
out late.
People using the Dunbar bus
will have to come earlier because
the    last    Dunbar    bus    leaves
Hot flashes
downtown at 1:10 a.m. The same
time applies to the Fourth and
Arbutus buses.
For further information on bus
schedules, telephone B.C. Hydro
at 324-3211 anytime between
6:30 a.m. and 11:30 p.m. daily.
Zoning law
Did you ever wonder what a
zone was? Or why some people
get upset when an area is rezoned?
Well,   the   Vancouver People's
Law School has just the thing for
you. Tonight the school is holding
a seminar, Zoning Bylaws, from
7:30 to 9:30 p.m. at the Britannia
Community Centre, 1661 Napier.
The seminar will explain what
zones are and how they work,
how and why they are changed
and how individuals can effect a
change.
The seminar is free, but you
must pre-register. Telephone
734-1126. Free babysitting is
available.
'Tween classes
TODAY
INTER-VARSITY CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Christian   dlsclpleshlp,  a  discussion
with Jonathan Bay I Is, noon, Chem.
250.
GAY PEOPLE
Pre-Hallowe'en   dance  rally,   noon,
SUB 211.
EUS
Annual   Tea   Cup   football    game,
nurses vs.  home economics,  noon,
Thunderbird Stadium.
WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
Consciousness-raising    Introductory
workshop, 7:30 to 9:30 p.m., Mildred Brock lounge.
Women's   films   Including   Girls   of
Mountain Street, noon, Scarfe 208.
CHARISMATIC CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Dan    Gardener    on    releasing    the
human  spirit,   7:30 p.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre lounge.
CUSO
Health Services recruitment and Information,    8    p.m.,    International
House upper lounge.
CHINESE CHRISTIAN
FELLOWSHIP
Ben Sawatsky on the canonlclty of
the Bible speaker, noon, SUB 205.
PHOTOSOC
Fred   Splsslnger    on    photography,
7:30 p.m., SUB 212.
UBC LIBERALS
General meeting, noon, SUB 212A.
ECKANKAR
Tape and  discussion on  Music and
Eck, noon, SUB 213.
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
Joe  Rosenblatt reads poetry, noon,
Bu. 203.
INTRAMURALS
Great   pumpkin   cycle   race,   noon,
North end of SUB.
CHINESE STUDENTS'
ASSOCIATION
Mandarin      class,      noon,      Bu.
2238-2239.
PRE-DENTAL SOCIETY
Meeting cancelled.
ISLAMIC YOUTH SOCIETY
Committee    meeting,    12:45   p.m.,
SUB 224.
FRIDAY
SKYDIVING CLUB
General meeting, noon, SUB 212A.
GAY PEOPLE
Gay dance, $1.50 for students, $2
for others, 9 p.m., Graduate
Student Centre ballroom.
PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS'
ASSOCIATION
Speech on attributions and depressions, noon, Angus 321.
Official U.B.C.
Graduation Portrait
Photographers Since 1969
(formerly Candid Studio/
3343 West Broadway
732-7446
YOUNG SOCIALISTS
Film  on   the   Russian revolution, 8
p.m., 1208 Granville.
CHINESE STUDENTS' ASSOCIATIOI*.
Mandarin      class,      noon,      Bu.
2238-2239.
LE CLUB FRANCAIS
Une conference avec la poete que-
becolse Nicole Brossard, noon. International House.
Henneken Auto
MERCEDES-VOLKSWAGEN RABBIT-VOLVO
Service—Repairs—Used Cars
8914 Oak St. (Oak & Marine) 263-8121
*©B*  ©J1Y
DISCO
(food @e*0ie (faidm IQuwt
Hice
Y\/aterhoiise & <Ca
CHARTERED ACCOUNTANTS
Representatives will be available on campus on November 1, 2
and 4 at the Office of Student Services to interview 1978
graduates for the Vancouver office who will be eligible for
student registration with the Institute of Chartered Accountants
of British Columbia.
Students who are unable to arrange for an interview on campus
through the placement officer should mail before November 14 a
copy of their U.C.P.A. form or personal resume to:
Personnel Manager,
Price Waterhouse & Co.,
1075 West Georgia Street,
Vancouver, B.C. V6E 3G1
Additional information is available at the Office of Student
Services.
GULF'S
Winter tune-up
(Includes Parts and Labour)
4 cyl.
$3895*
6 cyl.
$4395
8 cyl.
$4895
* For most passenger cars
Offer expires November 19, 1977
Make your appointment today, call:
ANDERSEN & SONS GULF SERVICE
4305 West 10th Ave.,
Telephone: 224-7212
Wi nter Tires Now Available
Trail Blazer Snows from $24.95
Radial Snows from $43.95
TT
Young Alumni Club
Cecil Green Park
Memberships open to 4th year undergraduates
and graduate students
Open Thursdays 8 p.m. -12 p.m.
Friday Happy Hour 4 p.m. - 6 p.m.
Friday evening 8 p.m. -1 a.m.
Band every Friday Evening
RESPECT FOR LIFE WEEK
DR. CAROLYNE GERSTER
Chairperson of the Board of
National Right to Life Committee U.S.A.
Speaks on "RESPECT FOR LIFE"
Place:  Room 207-209 SUB
Time:  12:30 October 28th
EVERYONE WELCOME
GREAT PUMPKIN
X-COUNTRY
CYCLE RACE
NOVICE - 3 miles
INTERMEDIATE - 5 miles
GRANDPRIX- 10 miles
THURSDAY, OCT. 27 AT 12:35 NOON
START:  SUB (BANK OF MONTREAL)
FINISH: MEMORIAL GYM AT
UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c
Commercial — 3 tines, 1 day $2.50," additional lines
50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m., the day before publication.
Publications Off ice. Room 241, SUB., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T UV5
5 — Coming Events
PHYLISS CHESLER talks Monday, October 31 at 8 p.m. in SUB BallHoom.
Tickets $1.00 for students at AMS
business office 266.	
10 — For Sale — Commercial
RACQUET SALE. Good selection of top
value name brand racquets in all
price ranges. Reasonable rates for
stringing. Phone 733-1012 or visit
Community Sports at 3016 West 4th
Avenue.
11 — For Sale — Private
CHESTERFIELD, $50 O.B.O. Mattress,
$15. Queen size bed and box, $25.
B. & W. T.V., $40. 733-8807.
'72 DODGE COLT. 4-speed, 08,000 mi.,
economical, reliable, sporty" & peppy.
$1350 or best offer. 874-8059.
'74 CAPRI. V8, standard, 24,500 miles,
radio, Decour Group, snows, etc. Excellent condition. 688-1734, 271-2415.
65 — Scandals
TODAY!! Annual Tea-Cup Football
Game. Nurses vs. Home Ec., Thursday, 12:30, T-Bird Stadium.
SUBFILMS hopes that you will bury
Hitchcock's "Family Plot" with accolades, attendance and (maybe) money.
HURRY HURRY HURRY — Get your
tickets for Phyllis Chester today at
AMS Business Office 266. Appearing
Oct. 31, SUB Ballroom.
70 — Services
FURNITURE REFINISHING: Old, new,
pianos. Top quality work, reasonable
rates. Phone Paul, 224-5686.
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
25 — Instruction
PIANO LESSONS by experienced teacher. Graduate of Juilliard School of
Music. Both beginners and advanced
students welcome. 731-0601.
SPANISH CLASSES. Beginners and
advanced. Contact Bertha 738-3895.
35 - Lost
LOST: Man's gold watch. Reward. Ph.
Stephen, 299-6404.
40 — Messages
WE   HEAR   YOU,   PHYLLIS   CHESLER.
SUB Ballroom Oct. 31, 8 p,m. Tickets
$1.00 from SUB 206.
NEED    ANY    TYPING    DONE?    Phone
698-8008 after 6:00 p.m.
FOR  ACCURATE   TYPING  on  an  IBM
Selectric, call 986-2577. Rush work
accepted. Vancouver pick-up. Reasonable.
EXCELLENT      TYPING.       Reasonable
rates. Call 731-1807, 12 noon to 9 p.m.
90 - Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
TV RENTALS: 20" color $18 monthly.
16" color $17. Del. till 11 p.m. Call
669-4332 anytime.
EIGHT BEAUTIFUL KITTENS need
good homes. Phone 733-7435. Thursday, October 27, 1977
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 7
Student job prospects bleak
By DOUG WARD
Canadian University Press
Human interest stories on
unemployment these days have
taken a new twist. While die anger
and frustration are still there, the
subjects in the articles have
changed.
Before they went like this:
"Fernand Del, a 44-year-old
construction worker from Portugal, knows that most winters he'll
be out of work. It has been that way
sincehecame to Canada in 1970, so
he puts money aside to see himself
through."
Now they read like this: "Jim
Kirby isoneof 120,000 Montrealers
who are without jobs this week.
Fresh from a short-lived triumph
as a dishwasher, Kirby has his
sights set on a job as a waiter — a
humble ambition for a man who
has a BA in economics and another
in physical education."
The university
graduate faces
an economy
in deep
stagnation
The university graduate brandishing his degree has joined the
immigrant construction worker,
the unskilled youth or woman, the
Maritimer and others on the
unemployment line.
The post-war economic boom
which sent thousands into
Canada's rapidly expanding
universities in the 1950s, 1960s and
early 1970s has come to an end and
with it the myth that a pot of gold
lies at the end of each university
education.
It is not an opportune time to be a
university student in search of a
job. The relics of university
graduation still confers on its
owners, in the main, power and
prestige greater than those without
them. But this is not as true as it
used to be.
The university graduate faces an
economy in deep stagnation.
Defying the dictums of conventional economics, inflation and
unemployment have been rising in
tandem.
Inflation is easing a bit but is still
much too high. Unemployment, on
the other hand, is unlikely to improve. Canada has a notoriously
weak industrial sector and the
Trudeau government is committed
at present to fostering unemployment as a means to cure inflation.
And it is failing.
This month's jobless figures
from Statistics Canada shows the
unemployment rate in September
rose to a post-war high of 8.3 per
cent.
The actual number of unemployed in September was 798,000,
down from the 838,000 calculated
for August But the trend toward
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
688-2481
THE
MOTORIZED
BICYCLE
worsening unemployment is
evident. Last year's figures
showed that in September, 1976 the
jobless total was 128,000 less.
The figures revealed the jobless
rate increasing in Quebec, Ontario,
Nova Scotia, Prince Edward
Island, Manitoba and Saskatchewan but dropping in the other four
provinces. Quebec had the largest
number of unemployed at 281,000
while Newfoundland continued to
have the highest jobless rate at 15.8
per cent.
These figures do not include, of
course, what NDP leader Ed
Broadbent calls the "hidden unemployed" — those who would
have pushed last year's staggering
official rate of 7.1 per cent to an
even more staggering 11 per cent.
This group includes those who
have lost their jobs for one reason
or another and have not actively
sought a job in the past four weeks.
They are technically not in the
labor force and, accordingly,
technically not unemployed.
Clearly, the situation for
university graduates is likely to get
worse before it gets better. Those
who don't face unemployment
already, may soon find themselves
under-employed. And for others,
jobs with low pay and little — if any
— relationship to their education
await them.
A Statistics Canada report
released last year says the
maturing post-war baby-boom
generation will cause a constant
increase of students leaving post-
secondary schools for the labor
market until 1981.
And employment prospects for
graduates will not improve until
some years later when the 1970s
graduates have managed to get
jobs.
A recent Financial Post report
on The Education Dilemma says
the number of graduates on the
market will continue to rise until
1983 with no comparable expansion
in the number of jobs.
And enrolment in post-secondary
institutions, the report says, will
continue to increase.
In 1961, only 13 per cent of those
eligible went beyond high school.
Today, the figure is 25 per cent; in
1985, it is predicted to reach 35 per
cent; and by 1995, it could be as
high as 40 per cent.
Also, more women are entering
the market to compete for already
scarce jobs. The female work force
is growing at an annual rate of five
per cent against a male work force
increase of only two per cent a
year.
The trend is also seen in post-
education system as teachers or
administrations.
In the late 1960s, however,
elementary school enrolment
began to drop drastically and this
is now affecting secondary schools.
With lower total enrolment than
in 1971, the demand for university
graduates in education is falling
sharply. There is a 65 per cent
unemployment rate among the
graduates of Ontario's teaching
colleges.
The university degree has become
devalued like the Canadian dollar
secondary education. The
enrolment ratio in Ontario
universities is currently 1.55:1 in
favor of men, but by 1982 is expected to be 1.15:1.
The Financial Post also points
out that traditionally more than a
third of general arts graduates
were    re-absorbed    into    the
The University of Calgary
student newspaper The Gauntlet
found there were about 6,000
teaching certificates granted in
Alberta in 1976-77 with about 2,000
teaching vacancies available in the
province, leaving 3,000-4,000
teachers without jobs.
Finally,   the   three   levels   of
111 WVEWftEEWbPJW Ff fOUOVHUG \N
M TOWELS F0C\5TE?Soec
government, big recruiters in the
1960s and early 1970s have been
forced to control growth in the
battle against inflation.
Figures on student unemployment reveal the gravity of the
situation. A Statistics Canada
survey released last summer indicates only slightly more than a
third of 1974 graduates found jobs
requiring their degree.
September figures released by
the same agency show the rate of
unemployment for students who
attended school full-time in March
and planned to return in September was 10.8 per cent.
The jobless level for students
who were in school last spring but
did not intend on returning this fall
stood at 22.2 per cent. These same
statistics show unemployment for
Canadians aged 15-24 hovers now
at 11.6 per cent — well above the
national average.
That the university degree has
become devalued just as surely as
the Canadian dollar was to some
extent confirmed by a survey of
graduates at the University of
Waterloo by that school's student
paper, The Chevron.
Walk On...
In a properly fitted boot from the
Co-Op. We have Brixia, Kastinger,
and Galibier boots for trail hiking,
backpacking, climbing, and ski
touring.
The Brixia Director (shown above) is
a heavy duty hiking boot made from
full hide, rough out leather. One
piece boot upper with padded tongue
means fewer outside seams for longer wear and better waterproofness.
3/4 steel shank, double stitched Norwegian welt construction with Vibram
"Yellow Spot" sole. This boot will
take heavy loads and off trail scrambling in stride. $54 to Mountain
Equipment Co-Op members.
Join the
Hikers, Skiers,
Climbers and
Backpackers
Who belong to Canada's largest outdoor equipment co-operative.
Our members enjoy the lowest prices
on quality equipment such as Camp
7 down sleeping bags, Lowe packs,
Brixia boots, and Edeirid climbing
ropes.
Your purchase of one $5 share in the
Co-Op makes you a lifetime member.
Visit our stores in Vancouver, 2068
W. 4th Ave., phone (604) 733-9194,
and Calgary, 118-10th St. NW, phone
(403) 283-9598, or write for a catalogue. We ship mail order.
Please send me a Co-Op catalogue and
information about membership.
NAME	
ADDRESS	
CITY_ —	
PROV CODE	
Mateus, the Rose wine of Portugal.
Serve snapping cold. With or without all your favorite foods?
MATEUS. MORE POPULAR THAN EVER.
Marketed across Canada by Schenley Wines and Spirits Lid
A
MOUNTAIN
EQUIPMENT
CO-OP
2685 Maple St. Vancouver, B.C.
V6J 3T7 Dept. U Page 8
THE       UBYSSEY
Thursday, October 27, 1977
Three kicky students will
1
aacseogmsa
Here's how you enter. Complete and
send in the entry form below. Carefully read the rules and regulations
and answer the four easy questions
on long distance calling. The answers
to the questions are contained in the
introductory pages of your tele- in your own special custom painted
phone directory. Mail the completed Mini before you know it.
entry form; to be eligible, entries
must be received no later than ■ f>:xv*n..a_n_rt.
November 15th, 1977, and who WHig UlSXailCe
knows, you could be driving around TransCanadaTelephone System
r
i
i
i
i
L
Rules £r Regulations
1. To enter the "Win-A-Mini" contest, complete this Official Entry
Form. Only Official Entry Forms will be considered. Limit one
entry per person. Mail to:
"LONG DISTANCE SWEEPSTAKES"
Box 8109, Toronto,
Ontario M5W 1S8
Contest closes with entries received as of November 15,1977.
2. There will be three prize winners determined. Each winner will
receive a new 1977 Mini 1000 Automobile with custom paint job.
Each Mini is equipped with front-wheel drive, 998 cc transverse
mounted engine, rack and pinion steering, electric windshield
washers, impact absorbing front and rear bumpers, heated rear
window, fresh-air heater/defroster, adjustable fresh-air vents,
dual braking system, four-way hazard warning system, back-up
lights, front head restraints, 4-speed all-synchromesh transmission. Manufacturer's suggested list price, FOB Dartmouth,
Montreal, Burlington, Vancouver, S2.995.00, including Federal
Sales Tax. (Dealer may sell for less.) Price does not include
special custom paint job, dealer pre-delivery inspection, and
make-ready, B.L.'s port handling charge or destination charge
(if any). Local delivery, provincial and municipal taxes are
included as part of the prize at no cost to winner. Only one prize
per person. Winners must agree to accept responsibility for
driver's permit and insurance. Prizes will be delivered to the
British Leyland Motors dealership nearest the winners' residences
in Canada. Prizes must be accepted as awarded. No
substitutions.
3. Selections will be made from eligible entries received and
selected entrants whose questionnaires are completed correctly
will be required to first correctly answer a time-limited, skill-testing
question during a pre-arranged telephone interview before being
declared winners. Decisions of the judges shall be final. By entering,
contestants agree to the use of their names, addresses and photographs in any forthcoming publicity in the event of becoming a
winner.
4. Contest is open only to students who are registered full-time or
part-time at any accredited Canadian University, Canadian College
or other Canadian Post-secondary Institution, except employees
and members of the immediate families of TransCanada Telephone
System member companies, British Leyland Motors Canada
Limited, its dealers and their respective advertising agencies, and
the independent judging organization. The contest is subject to
all applicable Federal, Provincial and Municipal laws.
Official Entry Form
Answer the following questions, then complete the information
below them. Mail the completed form in time to be received by
midnight, November 15,1977.
(ONLY ONE ENTRY PER PERSON)
Here are the questions:
1. It is cheaper to:
□ dial Long Distance calls yourself
D use the Long Distance operator
2. You can save the most money by calling Long Distance
n during business hours □ during evening hours
3. Do discounts ever apply to Long Distance station-to-station
calls made from a payphone?
Yes No	
4. During what hours can you save the most money on Long
Distance calls made between Monday and Friday?
Calling to (location of your choice)	
from am   to am
pm
1
pm
(PLEASE PRINT)
Name	
Address_
(street)
(city)
(province) (postal code)
Phone number where you can be contacted	
University or college attending	
J

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