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The Ubyssey Mar 13, 2009

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Array Q33
March 13,2009 \ www.ubyssey.ca
listening to Justin's high school musical since 1918 \ volume xc, number 44
UBC's official student newspaper is published Tuesdays and Fridays
MARCH I 3, 2009
If you have an event, e-mail us at events@ubyssey.ca
Summer International Volunteer Opportunity in Rwanda •
Developing World Connections
coordinates groups that travel
to the developing world to do
volunteer work and this year wil
be running a trip out of UBC. This
summer's project is 5 weeks with
an additional week to explore
Rwanda. There are still a few spots
remaining for this summer's students groups, but time is running
out so apply soon. • For more info
please visit www.developingworld-
connections.org or contact the
student team leader Steve Peat at
peat_88@hotmail.com. •
Action—Camera: Beijing
Performance Photography •
Examines the trajectory from the
underground performing arts community centered in Beijing's "East
Village" in the early 1990s, to a
current internationally recognized
practice. • January 16, 2009
Warn-Monday, April 20, 2009
11am. For further information
please contact Naomi Sawada at
naomi.sawada@ubc.ca, tel: (604)
822-3640, or fax: (604) 822-6689,
or take a look at belkinartgallery.
tion_Camera. •
Gran Torino • Clint Eastwood
returns to directing and acting,
playing Walt Kowalski, a tough
miserable war veteran living in
a neighbourhood dominated by
gangs. When Kowalski sets out to
reform his neighbour, a Hmong
teenager who tried to steal his
prized car, he becomes drawn into
the boys life and works to protect
his family from the gangs that
infest their neighbourhood • Wed
March 11-Sun March 15, 9:30pm-
11:00pm, Location: Norm Theatre,
Cost: $4 general admission, $2
members. •
A NUMBER by Caryl Churchill •
What makes you who you are?
Your genes or . . .? What if you
found out you were one of a number of clones? Science fact—or
science fiction? These are some of
the provocative questions posed
by this startling play about a son
who confronts his father with the
fact that he has genetically identical counterparts and is merely
one of "a number." This critically
The Ubyssey was informed by Scott Macrae, the Executive Director Pubic Affairs at UBC a few things that the Ubyssey may have misrepresented
in Tuesday's edition.
1. Endowment income does not come from the University Endowment
Lands. I know this is confusing, but the UEL is actually a separate area
from UBC. It is governed by the Province. The endowment comes from
lands within UBC itself.
2. The pie in the graphic is a bit misleading in that the figures given
in the pie pieces aren't what's allocated; if that were true, and thank
goodness it isn't, we'd have distributed the entire endowment lastyear!
expect the artist was attempting to show the proportion of funds within
the Endowment dedicated to supporting those activities
The Ubyssey regrets these errors
acclaimed professional production
of Caryl Churchill's award winning
play is something that you wil
want to discuss and debate long
after you have left the theatre. •
March 11-14, 2009, Dorothy
Somerset Studio Theatre, 7:30pm
To: 8:30pm and 1 Matinee, Cost:
$5 to book call: 604.822.2678 or
Email: theatre@interchange.ubc.
ca, for more info www.theatre.
ubc. ca •
The Reader • 1 5-year-old Michael
Berg has a passionate and secretive affair with Hanna Schmitz,
a woman twice his age. After
mysteriously disappearing, she
shows up again in his life, this
time on trial for her involvement
in the holocaust as an SS guard
Kate Winslet won an Oscar for her
powerful performance as Hanna
Schmitz. • Wed. March 1 - Sun
March 15, 7pm-9pm, Location:
Norm Theatre, Cost: $4 general
admission, $2 members. •
March 13
UBC Faculty Cup 09 • Come out
to the first ever Faculty Cup
Student teams from Science,
Commerce, Engineering, Arts and
Human Kinetics will compete to
determine which faculty is the
best. Events include an obstacle
course, dodgeball tournament,
capture the flag, tug-of-war, and
relay race. Following the events
will be a bzzr garden at Abdul
Ladha, $5 entrance, $2 bzzr. 19+ •
Fri, March 13, 11 am-10pm, Location: Maclnnes Field, UBC SRC,
Abdul Lahda, register at www.
ubcfacuity cup.ca. •
March 15
Feminism's Discontents: Fireside
Chats • From a social movement's
perspective, feminism has represented one of the more profound
challenges to dominant culture of
the modern era. Andrew Butz invites discussion of how we should
consider the reality of anti-feminist
trends, or countermovement, and
Tiffany Johnstone will share her
own experiences of how feminist
scholarship has shaped and contributed to literary studies and wil
also explore how such scholarship
has been critiqued (both fairly and
unfairly) over the years. • March
15, 2009, 8-1 Opm, Piano Lounge,
Green College, 6201 Cecil Green
Park Road, UBC. For more information contact intwomansday@
gmail. com •
March 16
TATAU: Samoan Tattooing and
Global Culture • The contemporary significance of Samoan tattoo
traditions is the focus of this
nsightful and provocative exhibit
opening in Gallery 3 (adjacent to
the Great Hall). Curated by Peter
Brunt, Senior Lecturer in Art History at Victoria University of Wellington, the show features over
40 photographs by distinguished
New Zealand artist Mark Adams. •
March 16, 2009, 10am, Museum
of Anthropology. For more information visit www.moa.ubc.ca. •
Cuts for Cancer 2009 • An Annua
event in which students have the
opportunity to help ease the suffering of children and cancer sufferers from around the world and
locally. Participants collect donations and pledges to shave or cut
their hair, which will be made into
children's wigs. The funds raised
are donated to the Canadian
Cancer Society, where they wil
be put towards supporting cancer
research and treatments. • March
16, 9:30am -4pm, Location:
SUB Main Concourse. Register at
www. cutsforcancer. net/register,
php, donate online at http://www.
cutsforcancer.net/hdonate.php. •
March 17
Cinema Politica: Orange Revolution • The documentary focuses
on the Orange Revolution, a series
of protests and political events
that took place in Ukraine from
late November 2004 to January
2005, in the immediate aftermath
of the run-off vote of the 2004
Ukrainian presidential election
which was claimed to be marred
by massive corruption, voter
ntimidation and direct electoral
fraud. Weaving together footage
previously unseen even in Ukraine,
thoughtful conversations with the
people who were there, and the
music that was performed live at
pivotal moments during the protests, Orange Revolution captures
the spirit and determination of the
most successful political protest
of the decade—a non violent
victory with meaning for citizens
the world over. • March 17, 2009,
7:00pm, Norm Theatre, SUB.  visit
www.cinemapolitica.org/ubc •
March 18
Sliding Doors, a free public
screening • Presented by UBC's
Department of Theatre and Film &
UBC Arts Wednesdays. Followed
by a Q&A with director Peter How-
itt. One of the most popular films
of 1998, SLIDING DOORS is an
exploration of how a person's life
can be changed by a simple twist
of fate. This romantic comedy
shows how a young woman's destiny unfolds if she catches a train,
or if she misses it. • March 18,
2009, Doors at 5:30 pm, - 6pm
start, UBC Robson Square, Theatre
The Ubyssey Board elections run March 16-17, so
go out and vote! Voting location will be announced
soon. Flip to page 16 to read bios of the eight at
large candidates and one presidential candidate.
C 1:50pm, more info: www.film.
ubc. ca •
The Idiots Karamazov * Christopher Durang's antic, outrageous
and wildly comic send-up of Dos-
toyevsky's classic novel • Frederic
Wood Theatre, Mar. 18-28, 7:30
pm,   Tickets: $20/$ 14/$ 10 and Fri.
Box Office: 604.822.2678 / More:
www. theatre, ubc. ca •
March 19
What I Learned in Class Today:
Aboriginal Issues in the Classroom • This research project
developed by two students in the
First Nations Studies Program at
the University of British Columbia
responds to reports of troubling
and sometimes traumatic discussions of Aboriginal issues in classrooms at UBC, which often affect
students' abilities to function in
their coursework, and even return
to class. This project asks UBC students, faculty, administrators, and
alumni to share their experiences
and reflections on these situations
in video recorded interviews
Pizza and pop provided. • March
19, 2009, 12:30pm - 2:00pm,
Sty-Wet-Tan, First Nations Long-
house, for more information call
604.822.0307 or email issuesin-
theclass@gmail. com •
2nd Annual Leadership Summit •
It's ELU's biggest event. Each year,
ELU invites some top guest speakers from a  range of professions
from student to CEO, to come and
speak for ELU Summit invitees.
Guest and VIPs have a chance to
isten to speeches from four different quest speakers about leadership and their life experience in
it, and then to mingle with them
afterwards in a 'bites and pieces'
networking session where food
and drinks are provided • March
19, 7-9pm, in the Irving K. Barber
room 182. Admission $2 for non-
members, free for members •
Thh Ubyssey
March 13"', 2009
volume xc, n"44
Editorial Board
Interested in learning about international health initiatives? Attend
Exploring Global Outreach - a FREE
speakers evening hosted by Global
Outreach Students' Association,
March 16th 5-7:30pm, Room 182 in
the Ike Barber Learning Centre.
Contact ubcgosa@gmail.com
Self-Discovery and Peace:
A FREE 8-Week Course
Starts: March 15,2-3 pm
Location: Kitsilano Neighbourhood
House ,2305 West 7th Ave
To register:
Know yourself and discover profound peace.
Golden Key Fundraiser!!
Gossip nightclub, Friday March 13
at 10pm. Tickets are $10 including
a free shooter and free entry before 11 pm. Open to non-members.
Email fundraising@ubcgoldenkey.
Thai Aiyara presents "2009 Thai
Night: Rong Rum Turn Plaeng"- A
Thai culture showcase: dance and
music.Thai food and drinks provided. 7-9 pm Fri. 27th March tix $8.
e-mail info@ubcthai.ca
Lonely Rover Race volunteer looking for the right clue. Take the bus
and meet me on Granville Island
between Bridges Restaurant and
the Public Market.
Kellan Higgins : coordinating@ubyssey.ca
Stephanie Findlay & Justin McElroy :
Trevor Melanson : culture@ubyssey.ca
Shun Endo : sports@ubyssey.ca
Joe Rayment: features@ubyssey.ca
Goh Iromoto :photos@ubyssey.ca
Paul Bucci:production@ubyssey.ca
Celestian Rince : copy@ubyssey ca
Kalyeena Makortoff: volunteers@ubyssey.ca
Adam Leggett: webmaster@ubyssey ca
Tara Martellaro : 7nulti7nedia@ubyssey.ca
Editorial Office
Room 24, Student Union Building
6138 Student Union Boulevard
Vancouver, BCV6T lZl
tel: 604-822-2301
fax: 604-822-9279
web: www.uhyssey.ca
e-mail: feedback @uhyssey.ca
Business Office
Room 23, Student Union Building
advertising: 604-822-1654
business office: 604-822-6681
fax: 604-822-1658
e-mail: advertising@uhyssey.ca
AD TRAFFIC : Sabrina Marchand
AD DESIGN : Gerald Deo
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper ofthe University of British Columbia. It is published every Tuesday
and Friday by The Ubyssey Publications Society. We are an
autonomous, democratically run student organization, and
all students are encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written bythe Ubyssey staff.
They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not
necessarily reflect the views of The Ubyssey Publications
Society or the University of British Columbia. All editorial
content appearing in The Ubyssey is the property of The
Ubyssey Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein cannot be reproduced
without the expressed, written permission of The Ubyssey
Publications Society.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press (CUP) and adherestoCUP's guiding principles.
Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. Please
include your phone number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year and faculty with
all submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are
dropped off atthe editorial officeofThe Ubyssey; otherwise
verification will be done by phone. "Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but under 750 words and are run
according to space. "Freestyles" are opinion pieces written
by Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given to letters
and perspectives over freestyles unless the latter is time
sensitive. Opinion pieces will not be run until the identity of
the writer has been verified. The Ubyssey reserves the right
to edit submissionsfor length and clarity. All letters must be
received by 12 noon the day before intended publication.
Letters received after this point will be published in the
following issue unless there is an urgent time restriction or
other matter deemed relevant bythe Ubyssey staff.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified
advertising that if the Ubyssey Publications Society fails to
publish an advertisement or if an error in the ad occurs the
liability of the UPS will not be greaterthan the price pa id for
the ad. The UPS shall not be responsible for slight changes
or typographical errors that do not lessen the value or the
impact ofthe ad.
Isabel Ferreras had the intention of leaving Kellan Higgins
out of his masthead, but Gerald Deo, Stephanie Findlay, Justin McElroy, Samantha Jung, Goh Iromoto,Tara Martellaro,
Rufus Endo, Paul Bucci, Kate Barbaria, Joe Rayment,Trevor
Record, Trevor Melanson, Jenny Fawcett, Raeven Geist Des-
champs, Joel Brooks, Celestian Rince, Chibwe Mweene, Ian
Turner, Dina El-Kabassy, Gavin Fisher, Kyrstin Bain, Belinda
Li, Kalyeena Makortoff, Sara Omidvar, Alec Young, Jill von
Sprecken, Amanda Reaume, Tyseer Abounasr, Michelle
Silongan, Laura Fedoruk, Andrew Jackson, Alia Dharamsi,
Sarah Omidvar, and Kathy Yan Li thought it might hurt his
Canada Post Sales
Number 0040878022
printed on^100%
'recycledpapel MARCH I 3, 2009
Israel-Palestine tensions rise across country
by Amy Minsky
(CUP)—The Concordian
The student divide over violence
in Gaza has spurred a rise in
anti-Jewish sentiment in Canadian universities, says Frederick
Krantz, a history professor at
Concordia University.
The trend, he says, has been
energized by the expanding anti-
Israel movement.
Toronto's York University
has been the centre of attention
On February 11, some Jewish
York students felt compelled to
take refuge in their Hillel office
while crowds outside chanted
anti-Zionist slogans.
Toronto police, who are investigating a potential hate crime,
were eventually called in to
escort the Jewish students off
This incident was sparked by a
Hillel-led movement to impeach
York's undergraduate union for
mishandling the recent faculty
strike. Opponents allege the real
basis of the impeachment is
the union's condemnation of
Israel's attacks in Gaza.
A few days later, a pro-Israel
student allegedly received a
phone call from someone who
threatened to harm him and his
The RCMP also recendy began
an investigation into a claim that
two Jewish students at the UBC
were assaulted by a pro-Palestinian student. According to an article published in The Vancouver
Sun on February 3, a fight broke
out onjanuary 31 after a student
chased down four students who
had torn down PLO and Hamas
posters taped to the door of his
dorm room. The student who
owned the posters said that racial slurs were uttered at him.
According to the four students,
they were merely filming a documentary for a Jewish fraternity
on campus, and that their Star of
David necklaces were ripped off.
The Canadian Jewish Congress
alleged that these were anti-
Semitic attacks.
"I regard this as an unfortunate isolated incident and not
at all reflective of the climate
here on campus between our
two causes," said Paul Curran,
a member of the Israeli Awareness Club. "Once again, I do not
feel pro-Israel implicitly means
anti-Palestinian, and vice versa."
Fatemah Meghji of the Solidarity for Palestinian Human
Rights echoed Curran's statements. "It is sad...to see the
media twisting this into some
racial or ethnic division when
only a few students were a part
of it. There are no ethnic divisions on campus, only political
differences," Meghji said. "It is
clear that [the] actions were not
anti-semitic, and the use of that
term carelessly is an insult and
degradation to the seriousness
of such a crime. Regardless of
how he acted, it was a reaction,
not an instigation. Also, people
are trying to make this into an
SPHR vs. IAC issue, when it's
not. The members and execs of
both clubs have friendly conversations and treat each other
respectfully. The attempt to turn
this into a campus war of ethnic
division is absurd."
Krantz believes an anti-Israel
view is usually an anti-semitic
one. He says the motivation
behind events like the recent
Israeli Apartheid Week, which
took place at campuses across
the world, is an attempt to de-
legitimize the Jewish state prior
to its destruction. He has issues
with applying the "apartheid"
label to Israel.
"The minute you say it's an
apartheid state," he said, "you're
saying it doesn't have the right
to exist. The moment you take
away its right to exist, you're
reinforcing the campaign to destroy it."
Krantz says criticisms of Israel become anti-semitic when
other states aren't held to the
same standard.
"If a person says they're
critical of Israel, but are not an
anti-semite, you have to raise an
issue with them," he said. "What
Top: Toronto police are called to York University to escort Jewish students
off campus for fear of their safety. Protesters had surrounded their Hillel
office, chanting anti-Zionist slogans, jeff cook photo/the excalibur
Bottom: jeff nolan photo/the excalibur
else are you critical of in the
Arab world? Which is the worst
state: Israel, or a Hamas-run Palestinian state? Israel, or a Hezbollah-dominated Lebanon?"
Leitold says she and other
IAW organizers and participants
aren't concerned only with
"Oppression and injustice exist everywhere in the world," she
said. "We can't organize actively
around all those issues. We have
explicidy anti-oppression mandates and a holistic view of what
justice is." *2I
—with files from Samantha
Jung and Dina El-Kassaby
DTES program benefits more than just students
by Samantha Jung
Senior News Staff
Every year, unbeknownst to
most students, dozens and dozens of Downtown EastSide residents come to UBC to experience
a university-level education. Humanities 101 is a program that
gives those on the lower rungs of
the economic scale the opportunity to experience higher education; it has positive outcomes for
everyone involved, not just its
The program was started in
1998 by students Am Johal and
Alison Dunnett. "We started
Humanities 101 as a critique of
the university and as a critique
of traditional job training programs in the inner-city," Johal
said. "We were trying to show
that the ideas behind the liberal
arts were relevant for everyone,
not just for those lucky enough
to take in the rarified air of the
Point Grey campus at UBC. We
were trying to, in a small way, democratize education by lowering
barriers for people."
It's not just the Arts faculty
that gives back. Science 101 is
taught in the summertime, and
many students make the transition from Humanities to Sciences, and vice versa.
Humanities 101 currendy offers three programs: Humanities
101, Writing 101, and Humanities 100. A different professor
or lecturer teaches a different
subject each week, ranging from
philosophy to economics. The
program pays for the students'
transportation to campus, food
vouchers for AMS food oudets,
and childcare.
Students attend a graduation
ceremony upon completion of
the program where they receive
a certificate. They are then al
lowed to reflect on their experience at an open mike session.
Margot Butler has been director of the program for three
years. While she was hesitant to
describe specific details of the
program, she said that all of
the students arrive at Humanities 101 with agile minds and
leave with agile minds. Some
students continue their education, moving on to share their
knowledge among the rest of
the DTES.
"All of them are lifelong
learners, they're people who
have really valued learning all
their lives but haven't had access to formal education," Butler said. "And they're for many
of the usual reasons...all the
challenges, so they really value
being here."
She says that the impact on
the students is large, and told
the story of how a student who
passed away a few years ago had
his Humanities 101 certificate
posted on the bulletin board in
his hospital room.
The program is mosdy volunteer-based, with UBC students,
professors, and Humanities 101
alumni alike returning to help
lead discussions, teach classes
or run programs in the DTES.
Dean of Arts Nancy Gallini
taught a lecture in economics
for the Humanities 101 course
last year, and likes the program
due to its student-driven nature.
She said that the teaching atmosphere itself was different.
"These are adult learners who
had very different experiences
that I have, understood so much
about the world in ways that I
couldn't understand, [they] were
extremely knowledgeable," she
said. "Many of them had very
hard lives and experiences...
major financial, social, personal,
health, whatever it could be,
challenges, so they're coming
at [the material] with a different
Christina Porte, a UBC student who has volunteered as a
discussion facilitator for many
years, echoed Gallini's statements. She said that students
brought new and interesting
perspectives to the text, compared to students in their late
teens and early twenties. She
left the program with a feeling
of enriched learning and an
improvement in her critical
thinking skills.
It should come as no surprise
that virtually everyone involved
in the program has positive
things to say about the experience. But if there's one sentiment that best expresses Humanities 101, Gallini attributed
to a past director of the program:
"Everyone has value." X3 4 | NEWS
MARCH I 3, 2009
- Photo/Graphics Editor
- Production Manager
- Copy Editor
Coordinating Editor
News Editor
Culture Editor
- Sports Editor
- Features Editor
-Multimedia Editor
Apply now for BCIT'S
Insurance and Risk
Management program
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Already have a degree in another
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the program in one year.
For more information, call
604.432.8898 or visit
The BC Aboriginal Student Awards offer eligible students
scholarships of between S1,000 and $3,500 to pursue
post-secondary education.
Applications are due May 15, 2009.
To qualify for these scholarships, you must be:
• An Aboriginal student living in BC for at least the
last 12 months.
• Enrolled in a post-secondary program recognized by
the Irving K. Barber BC Scholarship Society.
• Actively studying in year one or year two of your post-
secondary program or about to enter an eligible
program from high school
• Able to show past or present service in your
community or school.
Please go to www.bcscholarship.ca for full details
and to apply. Remember, applications are due
May 15, 2009.
Student Financial Assistance & Awards
24. For. Hunger
Friday afternoon the stomachs of about 40 UBC students were
growling fiercely. These students were participating in the 24.For
Hunger, a voluntary 24-hour fast. Over $2500 was raised in just two
weeks of fundraising by students dedicated to fighting local hunger,
with the majority of the proceeds going towards the Strathcona
Healthy Food Choices programs.
On Friday evening some of the participants went on a 'hunger hunt,'
a walk through downtown to experience what it would be like to be
homeless on the street. Students were rewarded the next morning
with a hearty breakfast and a presentation by Ron Suzuki from the
Strathcona Community Centre.
Students who participated agreed that they had learned more about
the lives of homeless people, and through the process raised a lot of
money to help the children of the local community
Pine beetle plagues
forestry students
by Ian Turner
News Staff
Today the career prospects of
a forestry student look bright,
but due to the economic crisis,
in ten years that may not be the
"There is a lot of doom and
gloom in the market today,
which is primarily because
of the US housing market,"
said Jack Saddler, dean of UBC
The forestry job cuts that are
frequently reported in BC's media refer to loggers, according to
Tristan Banwell, an admissions
advisor at UBC Forestry. As forestry graduates at UBC operate
at a "higher level," they have
largely been spared from receiving pink slips.
However, Saddler sees bright
prospects ahead. As the baby
boomers begin to retire in the
next decade, UBC forestry graduates will have ample career opportunities at their feet. "The traditional sector is not hiring, but
they are well aware of this big
retirement that is coming. They
were here encouraging us, offering scholarships, " Saddler said.
At the same time, the traditional
sectors have a need to increase
hiring, as they attempt to more
effectively manage forests due
to enhanced environmental protection laws. According to Saddler, Parks Canada, a paradigm
traditional sector employee, will
soon be looking to backfill its
vacated spots.
Another area seeing growth
is biorefmeries, the sector that
converts organic forestry products, including leaves and wood,
into sources of sustainable,
renewable energy. "There are
definitely more jobs than there
are people," said Saddler of the
growing industry.
Even Alberta is calling. The
extraction of oil and the restoration of the land provides ample
job opportunities to those with
knowledge of maintaining and
restoring forest lands.
While the career prospects are
currently bright, a problem will
continue to plague the industry:
the ravenous pine beetle. "The
pine beetle intensified production in the interior because they
have a justification to harvest
more, but on the other hand it is
detrimental to the future," said
Banwell. Yet the problem isn't
as bad as it would initially appear: as the pine beetle spreads
into new areas, loggers are given
justification to chop the wood so
as to prevent the beetle's spread.
This is economically and environmentally friendly, according
to Saddler, as the wood is neither burnt, which would release
carbon dioxide, nor wasted, but
instead converted into products
such a kitchen table.
The pine beetle, however, is
not the most important issue
contributing to the lack of jobs.
When asked if hiring, Robert
Parisotto, a director at Forestry
Innovation Investment, Ltd.,
said, "The US sub-prime mortgage issue, collapse in the US
housing market, and overall
economic downturn...have put
significant pressures on the BC
forest industry at present."
Peter Richter, director of
human resources of Pacific Regeneration Technology, which
provides an excess of 220 million forest seedlings per year in
US and Canada nurseries, took a
more positive view. "It is fair to
say we will not be hiring as many
new recruits in the next year or
two, but we want and need to
be prepared for the inevitable
recovery in the BC and Canadian
Forest Industry." *2I Culture
Editor: Trevor Melanson | E-mail: culture@ubyssey.ca
March 13,20091 Page S
At home with Battlestar Galactica's 13th Colony
by Michelle Silongan
Culture Staff
In a television landscape filled
with saccharine teenage romances and case-of-the-week
serials, Battlestar Galactica
stands apart as a successful and
critically acclaimed series not
afraid to tackle the bigger issues.
Pushing the boundaries of television drama, the show has used
its creative latitude to address
genocide, nuclear holocausts,
suicide bombings and torture
in very raw, but always human,
The premise is the same as
the kitschy 70s show ofthe same
name: a ragtag fleet of the last
50,000 members of humanity
are on the run from a powerful
robot race bent on their destruction, their only hope resting on
a mythical planet called Earth.
Now, the four-season journey
that has witnessed heartbreak,
triumph and revelation will be
coming to an end over the next
two weeks.
Vancouver has a special link
to the series as both the filming
site of the show and the home
to some of its actors and crew.
Every Friday at La Fontana's
Cafe on Hastings and Boundary
one group of dedicated Battlestar
Galactica fans comes together to
catch up with friends and watch
the latest episode. Named after
the fabled 13th Tribe that, in the
show, settled on Earth millennia
ago, the 13th Colony is another
reminder of the strength of the
Vancouver film industry and
those who enjoy its work.
Valorie Hoye, founder of the
meet-up group, smiles in a crowded room as she describes the special link of a Vancouver Battlestar
Galactica fan: "I think it's just so
cool to stand in downtown on Robson and Homer in front of what
I know as the Vancouver Central
Library and go 'oh, but that was
Caprica' [one of humanity's nuked
home planets]."
Hoye describes the 13th Colony as "a social club designed for
people who want to get together
and just talk about it. In the end,
those conversations go off into
different directions and friendships are formed, and that's
what it's all about." These friendships aren't just between those
in the Lower Mainland; fans
from Seattle, Boston, New York
City and even Pennsylvania have
visited Vancouver and the club
throughout the show's run.
Alan, one member of the
group, explains the difference
it makes to watch the show together with fellow fans: "It's nice
to come out to a nice venue like
this and hang out with people
who really know the show and
get the show and experience
it as a group." A UBC alumnus,
he enjoys the "dark side" of the
show. "It focuses very much
on human frailties and flaws
in human characters. It's not
portraying the future or outer
space as many science fiction
shows do—it's not 'pristine and
everybody's perfect,' and this is
a very dark and sobering look
at the human condition....That's
always been one of the appeals
of science fiction—you can say
things in an indirect fashion.
You pretend you're talking about
aliens or something that doesn't
appear to relate to us, but it does
relate to us."
Commenting on her desire
for science fiction to "once
again lead public thought and
public discussion," Hoye also
recognizes the potent relevance
and modern appeal of the show.
"The idea of fixing an election
and what is an acceptable level
of torture were things that were
very contemporary issues in
American politics and American
society at the time those specific
episodes were airing. I think
even up here, we're not as militaristic a society, but I think the
questions are if society were to
break down in some way, how
would you pick up the pieces?
How would you even go on?"
Deep questions, and the kind
science fiction is adept at asking.
So how will the characters
they've followed go on into the
show's finale? "I don't want
everyone to die. That's number
one," Hoye answers. "'I'd like
to see some element of hope. A
lot of people criticize the show
as being very bleak, but I don't
necessarily see it as such—I see
it as an example of how the human spirit can overcome incredible odds....I want to see people
succeed, break out of the cycle
and find a new path." No matter
what happens, the popularity of
the show among niche fans and
those new to the genre will leave
a mark on not just science fiction but the landscape of popular
The mood is heavy with
anticipation as the newest
episode begins, and it isn't
just us who've noticed this special community of fans. Space
Channel has said they will be
sending a television crew to
cover the 13th Colony live during the Battlestar Galactica
series finale on March 20. If
you're a fan of the show, where
else in the universe would you
want to be? ^1
Bruce McDonald minimizes his role as director
by Joe Rayment
Culture Staff
Five weeks before Pontypool
started shooting, Lisa Houle, the
main supporting actor, had a
brain aneurysm. She was clinically dead for two minutes. Stephen McHattie, the film's star and
Houle's husband, called director
Bruce McDonald to tell him what
happened. They didn't expect her
to recover.
She did though, in time to start
production as it turned out.
The original script called for
McHattie's character to accidentally smother Houle to death
trying to save her. "I [didn't] really want to take her through that,"
McDonald said. "'You're going to
die, again. For fun.'"
So the script changes to accommodate life. The replacement
ended up being one of the truest
in the movie, from the actors' perspective at least.
McDonald has always had a
tendency to let his scripts change,
but with his latest project in particular, he's letting that philosophy spread to other elements of
his  directing  and becoming  a
generally less intrusive director.
"My job is more about trying to be
invisible than trying to be visible,
I guess."
Bruce McDonald is one of the
few directors working in English
Canada who get mainstream attention without producing Men
With Brooms. He picked up a
respectable   reputation  through
the 90s with films such as Dance
Me Outside and cult-favourite
Hard Core Logo. And in 2007 he
seemed to step enthusiastically
into the art house with the The
Tracey Fragments (a "crazy, sort
of baroque, experimental-collage
film"), starring Ellen Page.
So it was a bit of a surprise
when previews started showing
up for Pontypool, which, aside
from the fact that it was set in
Ontario, had all the markings of a
Hollywood zombie movie.
"Pontypool appealed to me because it was a great B-movie."
The film, which opens in Vancouver today, is centred on Grant
Mazzy, a shock-jock who's been
condemned to working at a talk
radio station in rural Ontario. As
he's running through his series
of rants and news one morning,
his traffic reporter starts reporting on a series of strange, violent
incidents in the town. The details
come in throughout the movie,
almost entirely through secondhand accounts over the phone.
The townspeople are apparently
being affected by a virus that
spreads through the English language, an analogy that's central to
the film's premise.
It's a nice-looking movie, but
in a conservative way, especially
compared to his earlier work.
The shots are stationary, aimed
almost entirely at the radio booth
or surrounding area. The action's
mostly between the two main
characters, who are coping with
the crisis in one place. "With
Tracey, I feel like I finished my
apprenticeship," McDonald said.
"With this one, I felt like I knew
what I wanted to do....I felt like I
didn't have much to prove.
"I didn't have to do any fancy
shots or have a lot of explosions
or be really arty or super commercial—it's like, okay I get it, I'm just
here to pull the story out of this." *2I 6 | CULTURE
march i3, 2009
Our Multimedia Editor is stoked
that we got the website back up
(finally!) and now you can check
out all her fantastic videos online!
Such as:
Armitage: Behind the scenes
The Economy and You
... and more Streeters than you can possibly
comprehend with your puny human brains
It all begins with a clear
vision for climate action,
generated by you.
UBC is taking decisive action on climate change by creating a Climate
Action Plan for the Vancouver Campus. This plan is a central element
of our commitment to sustainability leadership and a critical step in
fulfilling the President's Statement of Action on Climate Change for Canada.
Vision Generation Workshops
Tuesday March 17th, 5-7pm, GSS Ballroom
Friday March 20th, 9-11am, GSS Ballroom
Vision Presentation Town Hall Meeting
Tuesday March 31st, 5-7pm, GSS Ballroom
Everyone is encouraged to attend. Register for a workshop
and bring your voice to this important conversation.
ON PAGES 95-97.
Hayley's sport of choice is extreme kayaking, courtesy of hayley shephard
What makes an
extreme sport athlete
by Laura Fedoruk
Culture Writer
British Columbia has long been
considered an adventurer's playground. With wilderness and extreme adventuring paradises in
Vancouver's backyard, it's no
wonder there is such great interest in extreme sports. But what
are the motivations for enthusiasts to risk their lives in pursuit
of adventure?
Maria Coffey views extreme
sports as "a way into a different
and intensely satisfying way of
being," and likens these activities to meditation through movement. The apparent ease of these
athletes while facing extreme
dangers comes from "an intense
state of focus, which is different
from actual ease."
Maria Coffey, now a resident
of Vancouver Island, was recently interviewed by Oprah Winfrey
about her book Explorers of the
Infinite, an intense look into the
reasons for which athletes take
up extreme sports and the spiritual connections that sometimes
sustain their passion.
She feels that "the moments
of transcendence they reach
[through their sports] are definitely a huge part of what draws
them back." In talking about
the spiritual nature of sport she
says "I feel as though I've lifted a
taboo, given people the permission to talk about their experiences and...helped to create a
forum for their discussions."
I asked Margo Talbot, a long
time ice-climber, what the difference is between extreme athletes
and those who would rather just
read about them.
"It is the difference between
thought and action....The armchair mountaineer has decided
that he would rather live vicariously through somebody else's
experiences rather than do the
work of having these experiences themselves."
Personality "Type Triple A" is
what Margo jokingly refers to as
the most suited to extreme sport,
citing the ability to overcome
great discomforts and common
sense as necessary skills. These
people prefer to "do the climb
regardless of the danger or discomfort or effort it will require."
Margo is currently focusing
on her "inner mountains" and
told me that while her original
motivation to ice climb was for
"the sheer joy of the physical
movement," she did not realize "how focused and alive and
present [she] would feel" after
she became more confident in
her sport. She is not "climbing
to climb, but rather to attain certain states of mind and body that
I could not attain in my everyday
Extreme kayaking is the sport
of choice for Hayley Shephard, a
New Zealand native now based
off of Vancouver Island. In her
opinion, "extreme sport is about
[activity, nature and] taking the
risk factor a step further."
Necessary traits for extreme
adventurers according to Shephard? The ability to react rationally and positively under the
direst of circumstances. She also
says that "it helps to have a high
tolerance for discomfort, [and]
it is crucial to be strong willed
and highly motivated" to prevent
giving up when the road ahead
is too difficult. Ultimately, you
need to be extremely prepared.
Hayley Shephard's reason for
undergoing her present extreme
adventure is slightly different
from those already mentioned.
While currently battling the
elements as she kayaks around
South Georgia Island—located
in the middle of the Southern
Ocean with its nearest neighbour 1400km away—she is on
a mission to "raise awareness
and funds that will go toward
the conservation and preservation" of the albatross. While on
this journey, Shephard plans on
continuing to hone her ability to
manage herself in times of fear
and potentially life threatening
situations, and also to find out
about her own limitations.
The reverence for nature
Shephard seems to exhibit is
something she thinks can be
obtained by anyone who is fortunate enough to experience
remote wilderness. As a guide
in remote regions such as Antarctica and the Galapagos, she
describes how people "go home
somewhat transformed...as ambassadors who have compassion
for these far away places and a
concern for [their] future," which
goes beyond crossing an experience off of a "to do" list.
"I truly believe that our awe-
inspiring natural world brings
out the best in humankind,"
says Shephard, who hopes that
having more people experience
compassion for the natural
world will help us build a society
that protects the planet.
From Antarctica back to campus, UBC's own Varsity Outdoors
Club offers outdoor enthusiasts
a place to get out and play. Reasons for member participation
range from pursuit of adrenaline, love of nature, "getting the
hell out of the city," peace and
relaxation, to a sharing of skills
and knowledge. One of their upcoming trips is an introduction
to ice-climbing. Check out www.
ubc-voc.com for details. *2I GENDERED LANGUAGE
"Never be called a feminist"—the
English language is biased toward
men, but how much does it really
affect women? Page VIII
Many legal codes have been
updated to include women,
but the process is incomplete.
[The feminist agenda] is about a socialist, anti-family
political movement that encourages women to leave
their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft,
destroy capitalism and become lesbians.
—Pat Robertson, televangelist
Why the "Y" was left behind
by Kalyeena Makortoff
The website uses women
with a "Y." The pamphlets
say they are a "feminist collective." Their emails use women
with a "Y." UBC's AMS Women's
Centre's latest name change has
come full circle, settling on the
name "Women" versus "Womyn"
this February.
The UBC's Women's Centre, under the AMS Resource
Group umbrella, called its
membership last month to discuss a name change that was,
eventually, met by a majority
of consent. The transfer from
"Womyn's Centre" to "Women's
Centre" was successful. The
executive hope to increase the
use and accessibility of the
Each executive has struggled
to find an equilibrium between
attracting the population at
large and the politically engaged
Although the ongoing debate
over the name of the AMS Women's Centre at UBC has come to a
halt for now, this last episode is
only one of many in the Centre's
recent past, which further raises
issues over the importance of
language, alternative or conventional, in our current era.
"Women with a "Y"... comes
from the legacy of second-wave
feminism," explained Anoushka
Ratnarajah, a member of the
Women's Centre executive. "And
that kind of feminism has been
portrayed in popular culture as
anti-man, as the very typical stereotype of hairy-legged lesbians
who burn their bras. Those women do exist and definitely have a
valid point to make and are an
important part of feminism, but
that's not the only way that feminists exist and live their lives."
This is not the first name
change the centre has undergone. Founded in 1973, the
Women's Centre remained attached to the "E," but soon after
the "Y" was adopted. The word
"womyn" had a relatively long
run and continued to independently identify the Centre up until 2004 when the focus shifted
to promote trans-inclusivity.
Consequently, the space came
to be known as the Gender Continuum and Womyn's Centre
(GCWC). The name was used
for two years, and in 2006 the
GCWC became the AMS Femi
nist Collective with an aim to
mitigate the gender-dichotomy
and reach a larger demographic
of the campus population. Two
years passed once again, and in
November 2008, the name was
revisited by the executive and
Camille Flanjak, project supervisor ofthe centre says there was
an extensive list of name choices,
none of which included the conventional "E" spelling. Even after
settling upon "Womyn's Centre,"
debate was never opened up and
Flanjak suggested that individuals felt that the issue remained
unresolved. This led to another
round of membership discussion in February 2009, which
led to the current name, using
women with an "E."
by Jill Von Sprecken
UBC has lost its bid to dismiss
the human rights complaint
launched by former employee
Shelly Frick, who said she and
other female power engineers
were discriminated against on the
basis of gender due to a failure to
be provided with adequate shower
and changing room facilities.
Though her male counterparts
had access to showers, Frick was
reportedly told that an office building four blocks away would have to
suffice and she was consequently
harassed following her request to
have proper facilities on site.
"Sex and gender remain the
most common grounds of complaints that we receive, and that's
been true for years, and it remains
true," said Tom Patch, associate
vice president of the Equity office.
According to UBC's Equity Annual Report 2007, gender-based
complaints like Frick's comprise
50 per cent of all complaints
launched, nearly twice that of any
other complaints that are discriminatory ground.
Although the Equity Report indicates that numbers of discrimination and harassment cases have
been steadily dropping in recent
years, Patch said it is impossible
to say whether this trend indicates
that UBC has become a "more
equitable institution" or simply
because there has been a decline
in complaints brought forth.
The most common sex and
gender-related offenses reported
to UBC's Equity Office are those
of "unwanted advances or contact,
stalking, gender-based discrimination, concerns about differential treatment due to pregnancy or
breastfeeding and concerns about
discrimination and harassment
due to gender identity or gender
Human rights tribunal member Marlene Tyshynski ruled that
Frick's complaint will get a full
hearing, deeming the action taken
by UBC did not "address the issue central to the complaint, the
provision of facilities for female
engineers that are comparable to
that provided for male engineers."
MARCH I 3, 2009
If women didn't exist,
all the money in the
world would have no
—Aristotle, philosopher
Women complain about
premenstrual syndrome,
but I think of it as the
only time of the month
that I can be myself.
—Roseanne, actor
Fashion has become a joke. The designers have forgotten that there are women
inside the dresses. Most women dress for
men and want to be admired. But they
must also be able to move, to get into a car
without bursting their seams!
—Coco Chanel, fashion designer
From the
When I was hired to the Ubyssey editorial board of 12
people, I was the only woman.
The coordinating editor lastyear
was one of two women. Throughout the year, The Ubyssey has
added a position and hired three
more people. This increases the
women in the office to 30 per
In my two years volunteering
and working for the paper I have
learned that gender does matter.
It was important that an informative, informed discussion
about women took place. Call it
a vested interest, but when the
time came round to determine
the coordinators for the issue, I
was there.
Each year The Ubyssey does a
Women's Issue. It's my privilege
to say that this year I worked
with some phenomenal writers,
designers and fellow editors to
deliver a product that discusses
issues that are hugely relevant
today. The interest in this issue,
and the subsequent knowledge
that resulted in this production
is just one indication that there
is a need for discussion about
women in the world today.
Thank you to the team, Kyrstin
Bain, Kate Barbaria, Marie Burgoyne, Raeven Geist-Deschamps,
Goh Iromoto, Samantha Jung,
Belinda Li, Kalyeena Makortoff,
Sara Omidvar, Alec Young, Jill
Von Sprecken as well as opinion
contributors, Amanda Reaume
and Tyseer Aboulnasr. Finally,
sincere thanks to Jenny Fawcett
from the Centre for Women's
and Gender Studies.
I could point to parliament
where the proportion of women
is at 22 per cent; I could point
to academia, where writer Alec
Young reports that women receive an average of 13 per cent
less pay than their male counterparts. But the reality is, I don't
need to look any further than
across my desk. This issue is to
bring attention and encourage
discussion about these realities
in our world. W
Terms like 'he' as the de facto pronoun
and 'man' as in 'mankind" contribute •
to making women invisible
Academics provide evidence that males have entoded
sexism into language to consolidate their claims of male
Languages may also lack words for things that matter a great deal to womem
The term 'sexual harassment,' for example, is a recent feminist innovation
Use of gender stereotypes in scientific imagery can ajsc^help to
perpetuate damaging stereotypes, for example by reinforcing
the tendency to see females as passive during heterosexual reproduction.
The use of terms like 'he' and 'man' as if they were gender-neutra
perpetuates the objectionable idea that men are the norm for humanity
While I excise
the image of
Jackman as the
latest nutritive
octomom from
my brain, let
me discuss the
—Marie Burgoyne
Never be called a feminist
by Marie Burgoyne
Never be called a feminist: this
was my father's response
when I asked him how to survive
university shortly before starting
my first year at UBC. Now, three
years later, I finally know what
he meant. It is not the feminism
that can cause a problem, but the
label itself.
The English language is inherently biased towards men, and
one needs to look no further than
"mankind" to acknowledge this.
Power over the way we think
about ourselves and others and
the way we portray ourselves
to others is given through language. This is the kind of issue
that the philosophy of language,
and particularly feminist interventions into the philosophy of
language, has considered.
The issue has inspired debate
in languages across the world.
For a detailed overview of the
topic see the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy's (SEP)
article on Feminist Language,
available through UBC Library
online. However, if you'd prefer
a lighter version instead of wading through a hefty article, allow
me to summarize, analyze and
perhaps dissent for you.
Primarily, the first issue that
feminist language theorists take
to task is the use of "he" or other
masculine forms to denote the
singular of someone of unknown
To theoretical linguists Janice
Moulton and Adele Mercier, the
use of the masculine in cases
of generalization or ambiguity
leads to ridiculousness such as
"Man breastfeeds his young."
While I excise the image of Hugh
Jackman as the latest nutritive
octomom from my brain, let me
discuss the somewhat problematic solution.
Feminist language philosophers are currently rejoicing
over the acceptance of "they" as a
neutral singular by prescriptive
grammarians. Most often they
ignore two very large issues: 1.
It is prescriptive, so it is a command about how things ought
to be instead of a description of
what is, and is therefore equally
oppressive. 2. The value system
becomes such that the collective
plural inclusive "they" lords over
the individual just as the man allegedly does to hide the woman;
the problem has just moved
from gender to another arena,
but still exists.
Though it does happen, devaluing, subjugation and subsequent invisibility of the female
in language is not the only
hurdle for her. In fact, overcompensation for invisibility can be
just as damaging, if not more so.
"Lady philosopher," for example,
gets me every time because it is
as if I require greater specification and qualification than my
male counterpart just to belong
in philosophy. It highlights a
woman's femaleness to the point
where it appears unnatural and
exceptional to the norm for her
to be a full participant in a particular arena. That said, it is far
too narrow to declare that this
is unique to females. Is not the
term "male nurse" equally jarring and offensive?
SEP goes on to argue that
certain terms like "professional"
have been said to have a gender-
related, sexualized connotation
for women that they do not have
for men. While this is true in
many cases, it goes without notice that these things can evolve
beyond negativity. Something
does not have to be devoid of sex
in order to be positive. Prostitution, for example, can arguably
be seen as positive or at least
neutral because it could be an
expression of female agency in
defiance of societal condemnation, as well as an opportunity to
The act of heterosexual sex,
while often scoffed at as inextricably tied to penetration
and the male orgasm, can be
likewise reoriented. Instead of
dubbing the female experience
as relegated to the lesser label
of foreplay, one could point out
that intercourse is yet another
opportunity of female pleasure,
during which it is her immune
system that deems sperm
worthy of achieving impregnation. On the other hand, males
might be seen as disadvantaged,
achieving climax only once while
fighting through an adversarial
immune system bent on destruction of foreign sperm. Either of
these viewpoints is put forward
via language and requires agreement and perpetuation by both
In order to avoid any potential
linguistic bias toward males that
may yet exist, the final suggestion is usually to create an entirely female language. Daphne
Marlatt does this in her novel
Ana Historic. It is interesting, but
a hard slog as she eliminates virtually all punctuation in a bid to
highlight a multiplicity of meanings. Supposedly this emphasizes women as relational and not
divisive, clinical or individualistic, unlike men who use single
sentences. However, this makes
her guilty of the very thing she's
trying to avoid. By insisting on
creating a new language, she is
highlighting and perpetuating
her own marginality by declaring that she cannot function
within the norm because she is
a "lady author."
Feminism and language labels
are completely incompatible.
Either feminism marginalizes
itself by insisting on its inability
to function within the current
language system, on its necessity of existing because of its
very difference from the norm,
or it works to create a new norm
in which it is dominant, and
becomes hypocritical. Never
be labeled as a feminist if one
wants to be empowered because
language will always undermine
the project. W march i3, 2009
I'm not, like, a crazy
feminist. I think women definitely need men.
) Like, I couldn't imagine
having a girlfriend!
—Hilary Duff, pop singer
Feminism was established
to allow unattractive
women easier access to
the mainstream.
—Rush Limbaugh, radio host
I'm actually not that much into voting. I think
it's kinda crazy that a woman is running,
because I think that women deal with a lot of
emotions and menopause and PMS and stuff.
Like...I know I couldn't be able to run a country, cause I'd be crying one day and yelling at
people the next day, ya know?
—Brooke Hogan, daughter of Hulk Hogan
Debate a gentleman's club no more
Women are caught in a Catch-22, where they are either
rebuked for being too passive or overly forceful.
by Raeven Geist-Deschamps
In February, on a particularly
sunny day, the women of UBC's
Debating Society held a one-day
women's debate tournament. I
walked in for a midday discussion
led by Maria Jogova, president of
the club, about the constructions
of homes in Eastern societies compared to those in the West. She
was explaining how the interdependence prominent in the communities ofthe East produces very
communicative men compared
to those in the West that focus
on the individual. This echoes the
inclusive mentality of the group
towards all its members.
The participants were few,
the food was heaped and the eloquence unfailing as these women
went through practice rounds,
starting the afternoon with a statement about whether the chemical
castration of repeated sex offenders in exchange for their freedom
is adequate punishment. Their
passionate, confident and determined arguments for and against
the preservation of male appendages shone in this particular session. These are women who take
debating seriously.
The debating tradition is cast
as bearing the ambience of an
old gentlemen's club, where
teams ride on popularity, men
are rewarded for their aggressive
styles and women are caught in
a Catch-22, where they are either
rebuked for being too passive or
overly forceful. Criticism of this
particular tradition during lunch-
time discussion centred mostly on
how certain prejudices predetermine winners in larger competitions, rather than the gendered
weight of competing as a woman.
Even so, Lindsay Spencer,  a
member of the club, told a horror story where she was heckled
13 times during her speech. She
talked about how her small stature, her blue eyes and blond hair
act as flags for her opponents (the
hecklers end up being punished by
the judges for misogynistic comments and often lose the round).
Promoting debate to new female
members as a place to develop
dynamic and analytical skills is
an issue. The reality of debating
is that it often translates into intense competitive environments
at tournaments.
Jogova discussed the criteria of
success in men compared to women when they exit competitions.
The members ofthe club qualified
the camaraderie of the female
practice debate rounds as essentially different than mixed-gender
rounds by the level of neutrality
sought they're done. Essentially,
they all make sure no one took it
In this environment, other classic stereotypes about language,
comedy and gender arise, will
whether or not women are funny.
For example, men receive recognition and respect if they make
"hilarious" speeches at debating
tournaments, while women are
more likely to be considered obnoxious if their personality grows
too loud. Are men more capable
of provoking an unfamiliar audience and remaining admired,
while women can only take this
more prominent role with greater
difficulty? Female debaters are in
an ambiguous position where it
is difficult to assess how to eliminate these double standards when
these behaviors are deeply socially
In the case of the female debaters at UBC, reliance on skilled
female role models significantly
changed the configuration of their
debating society. While some
universities in the East pride
themselves on establishing an
environment where offensive and
outrageous jokes are the norm,
Jogova and Spencer believe that
the shift in UBC's Debating Society
occurred three years ago with both
the presence of women and the
change for social events to include
all genders.
Additionally, the UBC Debating
Society has used equity officers
aware of women's issues and the
women's tournament that invites
debaters from local high schools
as an insurance policy against
discrimination. Having a gender
equality governing body of the
club does help in this egalitarian
approach as well. These are efforts
in creating a network of debating
women who can rely on each other
to develop their skills and their
toughness together.
Dr Maria Montessori was the
first female physician to graduate
in 1896 in Italy before her studies
revolutionized methods in education to include as many children
as possible. Marie Curie's studious commitment to science made
her the first person to ever receive
two Nobel prizes. These were
women who opened up their fields
for their fellow females. Pioneers
within their fields' communities, they created elbow room for
Similarly, the world of debating has the potential to reshape
language in an egalitarian fashion.
The UBC debate society proves
that excellence is genderless.
There is no better place than there,
a powerful environment for linguistic change to inspire a social
transformation. W
"We noted that some people
hadn't even heard of the term
'womyn," and upon first glance,
it had similar connotations as
the word "feminist" for those
who are unfamiliar with this
area of thought, which consisted
of a man-hating stigma and het-
ero-excluding feeling," Flanjak
said. "As a result of our desire
to be a resource for all potential
users on campus and to reject
that feminism is man or hetero-
hating, we decided to change the
name to Women's Centre, so that
more people would identify with
Ratnarajah echoed similar
sentiments. "I talk to people...
who self-identify as feminists and
people who don't self-identify as
feminists but would still be interested in the Women's Centre...
and the whole women with a "Y"
thing, [they say] 'well we don't
understand it, we don't know why
it's there' and 'anytime you try to
explain is to us we don't take it
Ratnarajah attributed the striking differences in opinion towards
the Centre's name between November to February to both new
membership and a new executive, but suggests that this is also
representative of a larger issue in
the current feminist movement. "I
think it showcases this interesting
divide that there is between different feminisms and feminists....
There's a struggle between wanting to live your politics every day,
which can be impractical, and
then there's that fear of selling out
to the masses and sort of giving
up on what you actually wanted to
The AMS's Sexual Assault Support Centre (SASC) which is an
on-campus service used primarily
by women but also supports male
and transgendered individuals,
has not had the same issues with
language usage as the Women's
Centre, but similarly provides a
safe place for students on campus. "Some people will want to
use a service because it uses a
specific word, but that same word
could turn people off," said Nicky
Brighid, SASC support service coordinator. "It's important to use
language in a way that is simple,
clear, and straightforward, in order to appeal to as many people
as possible, to make it accessible
as possible to as many people as
possible. Each service, on their
own, will have to have grapple
with that."
Interestingly enough, like the
SASC which does not have a language policy, many organizations
that serve women haven't had to
deal with, or formally discuss the
use of the "Y," including some international organizations.
"UNIFEM as an organization locally has not had any discussions
about this matter," said Teresa
Whitmore, who is president ofthe
National Committee of UNIFEM,
the United Nations Development
Fund for Women. "I have had no
such encounters [with the "y"[ and
I am involved with many women's
organizations now, and have been
for several years."
"Will our name be challenged
in the future? I don't think the
problematic nature of an embedded patriarchal language can be
solved completely," Flanjak stated.
"The fact is, we are going to have
contentions again and again as
we change. Depending on who is
involved, the political climate, and
what constitutes language, our
name will have to adjust."
As Ratnarajah further explained
"Whether we use a "Y" or not, this
is a friendly and open space, and
people shouldn't be intimidated
by it...we are really open to critique and to the issues that people
have with us, because we don't
want to remain a static entity identity...having the space to debate is
something that we're always going
to encourage." W
Sex and gender remain the most
common grounds of complaints that
we receive.
—Tom Patch, Associate Vice-President Equity office
In addition to a declaration from
UBC stating that their conduct was
discriminatory and an order that
they stop discriminating, Frick
seeks reimbursement for wage
loss as well as $25,000 for injury
to dignity.
Frick was one of two female
power engineers hired by UBC.
Prior to 1998 there were no female power engineers on staff
at UBC Utilities, and at the time
of the complaint there were approximately 20 power engineers
on staff. "It is partly historical,
it's partly cultural," said Professor Elizabeth Croft of Mechanical
Engineering when asked to comment upon the male-dominated
engineering faculty.
"I also think some of the roadblocks come along because of
[the cultural mindset]. Because
traditionally there have always
been men in engineering, and
people go where they see people
like them, and people hire and
recruit people that look like
them." However, Croft said
Frick s case is a human rights
complaint rather than a specific
engineering issue. "Everyone
should have equal access to facilities," she said.
David Woodson, the director
of UBC Utilities where Frick was
employed, would not comment,
because the case is "a legal matter
before the courts and we won't
comment until it is resolved." W X   women's issue
MARCH I 3, 2009
Ensuring equality
under the law
Centre rewrites Canadian
law to include women
It's not gender, it's sense of self
by Alec Young
It's strange to think that
within my grandfather's
lifetime, the Supreme Court
of Canada at one time did not
consider women to be 'persons'
under the law. Although such a
ruling would be ludicrous today,
women still face equality of status issues in legal matters. This
is where UBC Law's Centre for
Feminist Legal Studies comes in.
Professor Susan Boyd, director of the department, points to
the 'Persons' case as an illustration of how language has acted
as a barrier to women. In 1927,
a group of five female social
reformers petitioned government to allow women to run for
Senate, on the grounds that the
Constitution allowed reasonable
'persons,' not men, to be made
"There, you had a completely
neutral term: 'persons,'" said
Boyd. "Yet still, a lot of judges
said, when we look at what
women have done historically...
we don't think they should be
The 'Famous Five,' as they
came to be known, had to appeal
to England to finally achieve justice, and with the Canadian court
ruling being overturned the door
was open for women to run for
political office. For anyone lucky
enough in the current recession
to come across a 50 dollar bill,
the image of the five is on the
back as a commemoration of
their work.
But before Canada pats itself
on the back, there are still several glaring problems that feminist
legal scholars are addressing.
For example, two foundations of
our legal system, the Criminal
Code and the Evidence Act, still
refer only to men.
"Historically, a lot of statutes
were written using exclusively
male language, using male
pronouns like 'he', or literally
referring to men," said Boyd.
She notes that many law students still refer to judges as 'he'
or 'him,' as though judges are
presumed to be male. Today,
many legal codes have been
updated to include women,
such as family law statutes in
British Columbia. However, the
process is incomplete. This past
week, the Feminist Legal Studies department played host to
the Women's Court of Canada,
which, among other things, is
concerned with ensuring the entirety of Canadian law is rewritten to include women.
Reference to only men is not
the sole issue in Canadian law.
Boyd points to negligence law as
an area where many feminists
see male bias. "A lot of feminist scholars suggested that the
whole philosophy embedded in
that principle was based on masculine rationality," said Boyd.
Even the term 'equality' is
open to contention. Opinion on
this term is split, between those
who simply want equal rights
and responsibilities between
genders, and those who argue
that there are some areas where
affirmative action is necessary to
redress past wrongs. Economic
inequality is one such area
where positive action is seen
to be needed, including in the
At UBC, an employer is allowed to set its own goals for
employment equity and is not
obligated to meet government-
set quotas. According to the Equity Office's 2007 report, women
have increased their share of
faculty positions in the past ten
years. The percentage of women
full-time faculty increased from
22.6 per cent to 31.7 per cent,
and the number of tenured female professors increased from
86 to 141.
However, as of 2007, female
faculty earn approximately 13
per cent less than male. Half of
this gap is explained by differences in experience and discipline.
But the remaining gap in pay equity is attributed to difference in
rank, which is problematic since
the report also notes that women
are statistically less likely to be
promoted to full professor.
Professor Boyd herself has
at one time in her career been
a victim of pay inequality at another university. She notes that
it "has repercussions throughout
your entire career, because you
often don't catch up, and it has
repercussions for your pension."
Employers that do not establish
strict baselines for equality of
pay can run the risk of salary
inequality. W
As of 2007, female faculty earn
approximately 13 per cent less than
male. The remaining gap in pay
equity is attributed to difference in
rank, which is problematic since the
report also notes that women are statistically less likely to be promoted to
full professor.
by Tyseer Aboulnasr
Dean of Applied Sciences
I was asked to comment on how
I found my "place and sense
of self in a male-dominated environment and as an immigrant
to Canada," and to do that in
300—500 words. This was a really "deep" question so I will try
to give a really "deep-sounding"
answer in 33 words: My own
sense of self, instilled in me early
on by my parents, especially my
mother, was so deeply rooted, it
stayed with me wherever I went
and in whatever crowd I was in.
I did not lose it and did not
need to look for it. This does not
mean that I never "grew up" or
was never affected by my surroundings. It just means that
my "sense of self" was so deeply
value-based that it was defined
in ways that transcend specific
professions, environments or
As an immigrant, when my
practices were brought into
question, I asked myself why I
practiced them. At times, this
was the first time I ever posed
such a question to myself, and I
had to dig deep for the answers.
When there was a good reason attached to these practices, I held
on to them. When I could not find
a convincing answer, I dropped
them and adopted a new practice
that maintained the integrity of
my value system; a value system
that is basic enough and simple
enough that most all people will
agree on it irrespective of their
culture or religious beliefs.
What about engineering? I
have now been in this male-
dominated field for so long I no
longer see gender when I look
at colleagues. I see personality
styles but not gender. I truly do
see male engineers as engineers,
and I like to believe that they
truly see me as an engineer. This
does not mean all engineers are
identical. I have been told by
some pretty powerful male engineers that I do things differently
because I am a woman. Indeed
I   do   things   differently   from
others, but is it because I am a
woman or because I am simply
different? I do not know and I
do not try to find out. All I know
is that whatever the reasons are
for my different ways, they seem
to work.
Have I come across males who
thought I was intruding on their
domain by being an engineer?
Have I come across women
who thought I betrayed their
cause by being an engineer?
Equally certainly.
It has bothered me at times,
but I truly believe they have every
right to think I am wrong provided they do not block my path. I
would not impose my choices on
them, neither should they expect
to impose theirs on me. I can say
that after more than a quarter of
a century of being surrounded
by male engineers, gender is not
really an issue for me, nor for
the vast majority of colleagues.
However, if someone chooses to
make it an issue, that becomes a
completely different story. W
Breaking the electoral glass ceiling
by Amanda Reaume
president of antigone
In her memoir Nobody's Baby,
former Deputy Prime Minister
Sheila Copps explains why political involvement should be a priority for women and feminists.
"Whatever the party, the interests of women and minorities
will remain on the backburner
as long as the people in power
are primarily male. That's why
women must not only work for
the candidate of their choice, but
also commit themselves to seeking public office."
In Copps's opinion, having
women's voices within political
institutions is seen as a necessary step for women to gain
power and to begin changing
policies and institutions so that
they can address the lingering
gender divide. The need for
women to have an 'equal voice'
is something that many women
in politics see as an imperative
to creating a society where women and men are treated equally.
Last week, I was fortunate
enough to take part in the launch
of Equal Voice's groundbreaking
Experiences project at Rideau
Hall during a Youth Dialogue
on Women and Democracy with
Governor General Michelle Jean.
As one ofthe event's facilitators,
I was able to meet and get to know
many of the 100 inspiring young
women who participated in the
launch and who, with the help of
the Experiences project, might
one day be our country's leaders.
The Experiences project will
work over the next 28 months
for girls and women in political
life. This will be accomplished
through a series of public forums and events, as well as a
mentorship program designed
to match aspiring young women
politicos with current and former politicians.
The program is crucial to helping women break what political
scientist Linda Trimble calls the
electoral glass ceiling that has
seen the gains that women made
in politics during the late 1980s
and 1990s stall in the last ten
The lack of gender parity in
Canadian legislatures translates
directly into the type of decisions
that are made by politicians. Former Prime Minister Kim Campbell often talks about her experiences as one of the only women
at the table in discussions about
reproductive rights. It is true
that the material and social ways
women are positioned in society
give them a different perspective
on issues, especially those that
principally affect them.
Efforts to get women engaged
in politics do not make the mistake of assuming that all women
would think and act the same
way if they were elected to public
office. Indeed, there are many
factors that affect how women
position themselves differently
from other women including
race, class, sexual orientation,
ability, and party affiliation.
Because of this, it is important
to get many different women's
voices into the political realm in
order to better represent women
of all political stripes and intersecting identities.
Discrimination against female
politicians has to be fought on
all levels, including in campus
clubs and campus politics, where
I often hear reports of young
women being marginalized or
given 'caretaker' roles while the
young men garner the spotlight.
Changes to our parties need to be
made so that women feel like they
belong, not only for the women
themselves, but for all of us.
As a woman and as a feminist, I recognize how important
it is to have many different
types of women involved. The
fight for political parity is our
generation's feminist struggle.
We need to band together,
get involved, and change the
institutions so that they treat
women better. Women cannot
do it alone and men have to be
allies in this struggle. Governor
General Michaelle Jean stated
during her speech last week,
"the fight for the full recognition
of the rights of women cannot
be waged against men, but must
be waged with men. The emancipation of women is not a battle
of the sexes but a battle waged
As women, we have the vote.
We are recognized as persons
in Canada. We can be elected
to public office. We can be the
CEOs of corporations. We can
even have sex in large cities
while wearing expensive shoes.
But despite this, women are
not equal. If we squint a little
and turn our head sideways, it
almost seems like we are but
that is one of our greatest illusions. Women still don't make
the same amount of money that
men make for work of equal
value. Women still do an overwhelming majority of housework and care work, even when
they work outside the home.
Women still overwhelmingly
make up those who are beaten,
raped, and killed.
As women, we need equal
voices. We need our opinions
and perspectives heard and
acted upon. We need to be
leaders of our country, of our
provinces, of our cities, and
of our universities. As I said
before, I think that this is the
feminist struggle of our generation and I look forward to being
a part of it. I am committed to
someday taking Sheila Copps's
advice and running for political
office in order to use my voice
to advocate for feminist issues.
I hope other young women
reading this will make a commitment to doing so as well. W Soorts
Editor: Shun Endo | E-mail: sports@ubyssey.ca
March 13,2009 \ Page 11
Athletes ofthe Week
Claire Hanna, T-Bird Athletic Council
Olav Brusletto, a first year on the UBC alpine skiing
team who hails from Oslo, Norway, competed at the
US Nationals this past weekend. Brusletto decided to
fly down to Nationals a day early to try his luck at the
half pipe and slope style freestyle events, two events
which he entered on a whim. Brusletto came first in
both events. In another event, the skier cross, which
involves four to six skiers racing simultaneously down
a technically demanding course with jumps, banked
turns and tabletops, Brusletto came second. In the giant slalom event, Brusletto came 44th out of 130 racers.
A captain for the women's golf team at UBC, Kyla Inaba
competed in her last tournament ever this past weekend at Shaughnessy's Golf and Country Club. The UBC
team won the tournament by a total of 2 3 strokes. Inaba
led the way and took home the individual championship, which she won by only four strokes. Inaba has
provided strong leadership all year to the Golf team and
she won in style, vi
Canucks review from
a student's perspective
UBC student and Canucks fan analyzes
the team performance for this season
by Joel Brooks
Sports Writer
The 2008-2009 season has been
one of dramatic change for the
Vancouver Canucks. The failure
to even make the playoffs in the
2007-2008 season just one year
after winning a division title
caused the hammer to fall hard.
General manager (GM) Dave No-
nis was replaced by rookie GM
and former player agent Mike
Gillis, a man who demonstrated
immediately that he was not
afraid to make big decisions.
While Gillis decided to hold
onto coach Alain Vigneault, he
chose not to re-sign core players such as Brendan Morrison
and captain Markus Naslund.
In addition to letting Naslund
go, who Gillis represented as
an agent until taking over GM
duties, the team's make-up was
also significantly altered with
the retirement of fan-favourite
Trevor Linden.
Replacing the team's all-time
leaders in points and goals
(with Naslund first and Linden
second in both categories) is a
tall task and Gillis set his sights
high, offering prized free agent
Mats Sundin an unprecedented
$ 10 million per season. While it
took Sundin until late December
to Anally agree to sign with the
Canucks, Gillis did not sit on
his hands until then, adding a
few scoring forwards in proven
point-machine Pavol Demitra,
the inconsistent but talented
Kyle Wellwood as well as a big
young scorer pegged by most as
a winger for the Sedins: Steve
In addition, Gillis showed a
willingness to think outside of
the box by naming goaltender
Roberto Luongo captain, marking the first time a goaltender
has captained an NHL team
since the 1940s.
There was a mixture of excitement and anxiety leading up to
the season, as fans were curious
to see how the new team would
perform on the ice. Many questioned whether the bold moves
made by Gillis would be an improvement over the more conservative, safe approach applied
by Dave Nonis. The initial results were clearly positive, with
the Canucks nearly sweeping all
their preseason games, winning
six in a row before falling to the
Ducks in OT in their final match.
The regular season got off to
a more moderate start, with the
Canucks hovering around the
.500 mark for October before
heating up in November, during
which the team had a record of
8-3-2. The generally positive
start to the season was immediately thrown into turmoil in
late November however, when
Luongo went down with a groin
injury and it was revealed he
would miss significant playing
Blue chip prospect Cory Schneider was called up from the
minors to split time with reliable but seldom used backup
Curtis Sanford. The pair filled
in adequately for their injured
captain, but the team in front
of them seemed lost without
their star player. Journeyman
Jason LaBarbera was brought in
to help stop the bleeding, and
played well, but the team still
only managed an overall record
of 9-12-3 in Luongo's absence.
Neither the addition of Sundin nor Luongo's return would
mark the end of the Canucks'
struggles, however, as the team
continued losing. Coach Alain
Vigneault's job seemed to be on
the line and the team amassed
an eight-game losing streak before a heroic last-minute short-
handed goal by Alex Burrows
against the Hurricanes on Feb.
3 put the Canucks back on track.
Since that game, the team has
a stellar 12-3 record and have
shown that when healthy and
playing as a team, they can compete with the very best teams in
the league.
So, with the season approximately 80 per cent completed,
the Canucks sit comfortably in
fifth place in the Western Conference. The team is nearly completely healthy, with only a few
minor injuries to speak of, and
is playing great hockey. While
making the playoffs is still not
a guarantee, it is clearly a probability, and with a recent convincing win over the league-best
Sanjose Sharks, notice has been
served that the Canucks could
make some noise once they get
Even though Vancouver did
not add any players at the trade
deadline, they are confident
with the team they have; Luongo
is healthy and back in form,
Alex Burrows and Ryan Kesler
have stepped up this season
and shown they can fill top six
roles, giving the Canucks two legitimate scoring lines as well as
a solid bottom six. The defence
looks to be a strong point for the
team as well, especially if it remains healthy.
As the season closes, Canucks
fans have good reason to be
excited, the team is playing
extremely well, and a strong finish is expected by all. The team
looks to be in great shape not
only for the remainder of this
season, but for years to come as
well. Gillis has already shown
himself to be an apt replacement for Dave Nonis, and with
one of the best players in the
league-Roberto Luongo-forming
the backbone of the team, the
future looks bright. *2I
2 bedroom + 2 bath
4 bedroom + 2 bath
6005 Walter Gage Road  Vancouver, BC Features
Editor: Joe Rayment \ E-mail: features@ubyssey.ca
March 13,20091 Page 12
from the
•UBC saves the money it
would have spent building
parking structures
•TransLink gets more
money every year as the
schools population rises
by Andrew E. Jackson
Features Writer
Between 1980 and 1994,
UBC built five parkades to
house an additional 5767
cars on its Point Grey campus.
With costs ranging from $3 million to $15.6 million, the new
parkades varied in size from the
smaller Fraser River Parkade on
West Mall to the monumental
Rose Garden Parkade on NW
Marine Drive. By building these
parkades, the university hoped
to overcome parking shortages,
which had been a problem since
late 1970s. Transport planners
at the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD), seeing how
this construction boom affected
traffic flows to and from campus,
engaged the university in a dialogue over long-term transportation policy. As a result, the GVRD
adopted an Official Community
Plan for UBC in 1997, which required the university to create
a "transportation demand management" (TDM) program.
In effect, this bylaw created the
TREK Program and the present
U-Pass system. By increasing the
cost of parking and by offering students an alternative form of transportation, the university hoped
to achieve two important goals.
On the one hand, the U-Pass improved the university's image as a
sustainable campus. On the other
hand, it reduced the demand for
parking on campus, which, in
turn, freed up valuable real estate
for institutional, residential and
commercial buildings.
Since its inception, the U-
Pass has enjoyed strong support among students because
the program gives students
unlimited access to transit at
subsidized rates. By the same
token, students who use transit
reduce the financial burden on
UBC to construct more parking—which is extremely expensive—while creating greater
ridership for TransLink. Based
on experiences at other North
American universities, research suggests that UBC students, who use transit, deserve
a better transit system and a
larger subsidy from UBC.
Unlimited transit-access
programs for students
started showing up in the
late 1970s. So far, more than 35
universities in the United States
and Canada have implemented
transportation-demand management programs that include
unlimited access passes for students and faculty.
"Transportation demand management is the art of slightly and
gradually modifying individual
travel behavior," transport planner Andrew Ferguson wrote in
the Journal ofthe American Planning Association, "rather than
always expanding transportation
capacity in response to observed
or anticipated traffic congestion
at the local and regional levels." Management programs in
American cities employ an array
of incentives, including flextime,
grocery delivery, dry-cleaning
delivery, bicycle lockers, showers at work, and a day off each
quarter. Despite the many
imaginative variations, the most
effective TDM programs employ
a simple mixture of expensive
parking and subsidized transit.
If a TDM program works well,
increased transit ridership creates a "virtuous circle" in which
new demand leads to better transit service, attracting new ridership. As transit improves it allows commuters to make different choices about where they live
and work. For example, a recent
study in the Journal of Planning
Education and Research showed
that after receiving a "fare-free"
unlimited access transit passes,
UCLA students chose to live in
different parts of the city.
Parking at UCLA had been a
punch line for manyyears. "It takes
four years to get through UCLA,"
Bob Hope once quipped, "or Ave if
you park in Lot 32." Like all large
employers in LA, UCLA is legally
required to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions, so a fare-free transitpass
appealed to both university administrators and university students.
BruinGo—named after the Bruin,
UCLA's mascot—began in 2000 as
a pilot project for students in the
Santa Monica area. In the first year
alone, solo driving fell by 20 per
cent and transit ridership increased
by 56 per cent
During the pilot project, students paid nothing for transit.
The fee increased to $22.50
per term in subsequent years.
On average, American university students pay $30 per year
for unlimited-access passes. At
UCLA, the university administration's portion is funded entirely
by parking revenue, which is
derived from the sale of monthly
parking permits. For the university, BruinGO makes financial
sense, because "the fare for a bus
ride to campus is far less than the
cost of building a parking space
on campus," Donald Shoup explains. Shoup, a professor of urban planning at UCLA, estimates
that "a new 1500-space parking
structure built on campus costs
$47.3 million, or $31,500 per
space." Citing the growing cost
of construction and maintenance, Shoup says the reduction
in parking caused by BruinGO
saved the university $32.1 million. BruinGO "buys back" parking space for the university, and
this is why the program enjoys
strong support among university
Across the US, similar success
stories are occurring on many
university and college campuses.
One survey of American universities and colleges found that, on
average, unlimited-access passes
increased transit patronage by
between 71 to 200 per cent in
the first year. At the University
of California, Davis, ridership
continues to grow by 10 per cent
each year, which demonstrates
the potential for transit-demand
management programs over a
longer period. In most cases,
universities initiate unlimited-
access programs to delay spending on parking. Universities and
colleges also benefit from bulk
rates for transit passes. Transit
agencies benefit from reduced
boarding times, increased ridership, and fewer small cash
Secure storage units
Variety of sizes available
Located directly on UBC campus
6005 Walter Gage Road   Vancouver, BC March 13,2009 \ Page 13
In 1991, the University of
Washington and the City of
Seattle implemented a voluntary U-Pass system to cope
with a growing traffic problem
on campus. In the first year, the
school's transportation office
recorded a 16 per cent decrease
in vehicle trips to campus and a
35 per cent increase in transit
ridership. This system became
the model for the U-Pass at UBC.
In the Memorandum of Understanding between the UBC
and the GVRD, UBC committed
to three targets over a five-year
period, according to a summary by professor of geography
Ken Denike. Using 1997 as a
baseline, UBC said it would reduce solo trips to campus and
increase transit ridership by 20
per cent each. At the time, many
local commentators thought the
targets were unrealistic because
TransLink was spending millions to maintain its ridership in
the Lower Mainland. There were
a lot of snags along the way, but
five years later the U-Pass went
to a student referendum, which
passed in 2002.
The original negotiations
over the U-Pass pitted the AMS
against TransLink, said Carole
Jolly, director of TREK. As part
of its contract, TransLink insisted that the program remain
"revenue neutral." In simple
terms, this meant TransLink
would collect a flat fee for transporting students to and from
campus regardless of student
At the centre ofthe debate between TransLink and AMS was
the monthly fee for students.
The AMS said it could not ask
students to contribute more
than $20 per month. On the other hand, TransLink estimated
that it needed $23 per month
from students. As the negotiation wore on, UBC said it would
pay the additional $3 per month
as a subsidy to students. The
$3 per month subsidy, which
remains in place today, represents "a showcase of support for
students," Jolley said. AMS President Blake Frederick points out
that, given subsequent increases
in the price of the U-Pass, the
subsidy is actually declining
over time.
Between   1997   and  2008,
transit ridership to and from
UBC's Point Grey campus has
increased by 168 per cent, according to the annual report
prepared for the university by
Urban Systems Inc. Despite new
programs to encourage cycling
and strong support for transit
among students, solo driving to
campus declined by only six per
cent since the implementation
of the U-Pass. In the 11 years
since regular transportation
studies began, UBC's daytime
population has increased from
42,300, in 1997, to 57,650.
Under the terms of its contract
with UBC, TransLink agrees to
increase service as transit ridership increases. To service growing ridership, TransLink introduced new routes and increased
frequencies, most notably the
99 B-Line. Other improvements
since 2002 include several new
limited-stop routes, most recently route 33 on 16th Avenue.
Despite these improvements,
"pass-ups"—the term given to
people standing at a bus stop
when a full bus fails to stop—are
still common, especially during
morning peak periods.
Richard Drudul, a consultant
with Urban Systems, says he received reports of students missing exams because of pass-ups.
These are "an unfortunate fact of
life wherever you live," according to a TransLink representative. As for the level of service on
the 99, TransLink's position is
that the route is reaching "saturation point," where additional
service produces diminishing
returns. Both TransLink and
UBC point to traffic on Broadway
as the barrier to better transit
for students. Neither TransLink
nor the GVRD have the authority
to police transit lanes on Broadway, which falls to the City of
Whatever the reasons for
pass-ups, the fact remains that
UBC's population is growing. If
service doesn't increase, overcrowding will force people into
cars, once again increasing the
demand for parking on campus.
Questions remain about
how   TransLink   measures student participation in the U-Pass program. At
the moment, TransLink uses
automatic passenger counters (APCs), which are small
black boxes on the B-Line's
rear doors. By using APCs instead of having students scan
their passes, TransLink reduces boarding times. While
it is true that students benefit
from faster boarding, it is also
true that APCs make it difficult to differentiate between
students and non-students in
transportation studies. Casting further doubt on APCs,
Richard Drdul, who prepares
the annual transportation
survey at UBC, cites evidence
that suggests APCs are less
effective on busy routes. "If
someone stands in the doorway," Drdul explained, "an
APC cannot count the people
leaving or entering the bus."
Even though these questions
seem technical, they are, in
fact, very important for determining subsidies and transit
TransLink has resisted further improvements to transit
services for students, despite
increases in patronage. According to Drew Snider, TransLink's
communications officer, this is
because the "revenue neutral"
fare system "is designed to
reimburse TransLink for the
fares it would bring in; but it is
not cost neutral."
"The reimbursement is
based on student transit usage in 2002-2003: that usage
has increased, as has the cost
of meeting that demand, however the revenue has not."
If this statement is correct, it
raises troubling questions about
the distribution of AMS/U-Pass
fees as to what happens to the
additional funds TransLink
collects as UBC's population
rises. When he was the AMS
associate vice-president external, Blake Frederick attended
many meetings with TransLink
representatives. At these meetings, Frederick advocated for
improvements to the transit
system, and he says TransLink
presented no data to support
Snider's claim. Either way, the
distribution of AMS/U-Pass fees
deserves detailed scrutiny by
student representatives.
Contrary to popular belief,
the largest beneficiary of the
U-Pass   system   is   UBC
Thanks to student participation in the U-Pass
program,   UBC   kept
some of its commitments to the GVRD
and had to build no
additional parkades
between  1994 and
2007. In fact, since
the implementation
of the U-Pass, UBC
has   removed   3000
parking stalls on its
Point   Grey   campus.
In other words, UBC
students bought back
3000  parking  spaces
for the university and
received   a   fixed   $3
per month subsidy in
To get some idea of
the savings for the university look at the cost
of  constructing  new
parking on campus.
Eighteen  months
ago, the university opened its
first new parkade
in    13    years.    The
Thunderbird     Parkade
on the corner of Wesbrook
Mall and Thunderbird Boulevard has space for 1650
cars and cost $24,848,000,
according   to    information
from UBC Properties Trust.
Excluding maintenance and
debt repayments,  Thunderbird Parkade provides spots
for cars at $ 14,500 per space.
Based on these figures, one
can say that, during the last
six years, UBC students who
chose transit over cars saved
the university approximately
Todd Litman, the transport planner who prepared a
cost-benefit analysis of UBC's
U-Pass, says parking at North
American universities costs
an average of $20,000 per
space, including maintenance, administration and
policing. UBC students are
part of a "broader movement away from automobile
dependence toward transit-
oriented development," Litman said. In the process, it
seems UBC students are paying one of the highest fees
for unlimited-access student
passes in North America. \a
The gateway to accounting
Accelerate your future with the Diploma in Accounting
Program (DAP) at the University of British Columbia.
DAP prepares university graduates with limited or no training in
accounting for entry into a professional accounting designation.
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School of Business (CASB) and satisfies most of the CMA and
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Find out how DAP can accelerate your future:
School of Business
Opening Worlds
Responsible Consumption Week
March 16-20,2009
March 19 & 20
9am - 4pm
SUB main concourse
Schedule of events at   WWW.ubc-rcw.org
r UBC community
Teach English
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The Ubyssey
If you'd like to submit a letter, please contact feedback@ubyssey.ca
March 13,2009 \ Page 14
What is the right pay?
In recent news, Merrill Lynch, which you might remember being
a major Wall Street company long ago until it was bought out/
saved by Bank of America, has been criticized for the considerable
amount of bonuses that have been paid out to executives. The
range for these bankers spanned from a few million to tens of
millions of dollars. In the final quarter of lastyear (after Merrill
had been bought out), the company gave out a whopping $3.6
billion (with a "b") in bonuses. Yes, that is way too much money
for anyone and especially for a company that had no choice but to
merge with B of A to survive through this tough time.
In light of the economic recession-nearing-depression, many
have turned to the traditional big fat bonuses that Wall Street
bankers received as a scapegoat. With the unemployment rate hitting 8.1 per cent (the highest it's been in over 25 years), we would
imagine that many of these jobless people have lost faith in these
people and the industry. At the same time, many also question the
integrity of these firmst. This includes top US presidential advisor
Paul Volcker, who chided the execs from Royal Bank of Scotland
and ABM Amro who received a large amount of bonuses after a
merger between them. In the end, both companies ended up in a
bankrupt position.
On the other hand, these bankers usually work more than 70 or
even 80 hours a week. They sacrifice their health and sleep to get
one project done after another to bring in substantial amounts of
revenue to the firm. So it would be unfair to pay them a salary of
a normal 40 hours a week job. These employees worked mostly
in the investment banking division, which primarily handles the
big money projects like mergers and acquisitions. This occupation not only requires determination, but intelligence, years of
specialized knowledge, and the ability to thrive in a high-pressure
environment. On one hand, it's why most executives come from
the Ivy League, and why shareholders are generally fine with the
bonuses they get. On the other hand, there are plenty of other
people that require the same general types of transferable skills,
and we don't even consider giving them obscene bonuses.
So the ultimate question is: what is a fair salary these people
should get? We definitely think it shouldn't be $30 million, but
also not $4(1000. Let us know what you think. Email feedback©
ubyssey.ca. vi
International students feel the pinch
When it comes to student finances, there's a discriminatory class
system in place. It's called tuition for international students. There
are over 5000 international students at UBC from over 138 countries. Their tuition is also four to six times than a Canadian student.
Some examples: the international undergraduate commerce
students paid $22,456 this year while the Canadian students paid
$4487. International arts students paid $19,334, Canadians paid
$4343; international science students paid $21,268, Canadians
paid only $4777. Oh posh, they're international students; they have
the money. The truth is, some don't. Not all of them are trust-fund
babies who just stepped off daddy's yacht after spending reading
break in Tahiti. No, many international students are of your average income, living off student loans and ramen noodles. And just
like the Canadian students the recession is affecting them too.
Now, why is this important to you? The Tyee did an article on
how some international students are scraping by. This included
dumpster diving for food and working illegal jobs for cash. And that
was in 2004—back before the economic crisis. This year four per
cent of international students have dropped out since September
for financial reasons, and according to UBC officials most of them
were from the United States.
UBC says it values the many international students that attend
the school, and we have no doubt in their claim. But it's obvious
that they aren't doing all they can to ensure that students that come
here can stay.
The school has a few options for the international student. The
main way is through the Work Learn program. With Work Learn,
one gets at least $ 13 an hour and can work a maximum of ten hours
a week. Add it up, and approximately $3 900 can go to your $20,000
plus tuition. Or perhaps they could get one of those scholarships you
never hear about from a private donor, but most of them are highly
specialized. We're talking Koreans who are having quintuplets, are
from the state of Montana and speak Mandarin. In fact, since these
scholarships began in 2000, only 29 students have received them.
For a school that prides itself on its international student population, they are letting far too many students pack up and head south.
It's the international students that make UBC a truly world-class and
global university. So UBC needs to help the global students. How
many talented students are there that will never have the opportunity to finish their degree here at UBC for financial reasons? v3
Quote ofthe Day
"It's not like a train
coming towards us, it's
like a giant anvil coming
towards our head."
—Matthew Naylor, on the necessity
for the AMS to immediately provide
$30,000 to the External office for
provincial election lobbying
ftCTUftLL-y, I'M sJU^T _
by Trevor Melanson
This dav in Ubvssev histo
1942: Shopping ...with Mary Ann
BELIEVE IT or not, open heeled
pumps are one of the smartest
of New York fashions this year.
Wear a red pair from Rae-sons,
608 Granville St., to compliment
a grey outfit. These suedes in
both red and green are one of the
highlights ofthe season. A blonde
A. D. Pi seemed over anxious to
go out with her Phi Kappa Sig boy
friends one evening. Seems she'd
been downtown and forgotten
her key. No one was home when
she got back and she had to wait
on the steps till 8:30 when her
escort arrived-it's lucky he didn't
want to spend a quiet evening at
home. Black blue, brown and tad
dressy shoes are thrilling with
heels from the lowest (for those
who think they need them) to
the highest. Both gaberdines and
leathers are chic this spring. See
them on the Mezzanine floor at
Be ENCHANTING at playtime
with a whirligig skirt in only one
of a number of brilliant California colors. They're grand with
a blouse over shorts for sports.
Step into Plant's Ladies' Wear
Shop. 564 Granville St., and have
them show you these very full
skirts that are buttoned down
the front. A dark Alpha Gam was
all thrilled the other day when
her pash told her he loved her.
She went around to several of
the tables in the Caf to to exclaim
loudly to her friends, "He told
me he loves me." Match up a
tailored, dressmaker or dressy
suit with blouses and sweaters
from Plant's large selection. It's
all over between the curly-haired
Alpha Phi and the Phi Kappa Sig
boy friend. She have back the
sweetheart pin last week-end.
Hand-made accessories by
Lydia Lawrence, 576 Seymour St
., in the Arts and Crafts budding,
A certain prof confided to one
of his students that he doesn't
mind girls knitting in class except when they drop stitches
when he can always tell because
it is passed from knitter to knitter along the row ."Lapcldoos",
appliqued belts ,handmade
gloves . bags and hats will give
individuality to your costume.
An English prof was seen in a
downtown millinery shop buying a hat for his mother . Block
printed scarves — ascots, sheers,
or straight — with Easter flowers on them are the very thing
for your Easter Panicle. Miss
Lawrence specializes In the style
YOU want. Individuality is her
motto. *2I
What do you think the most important issues facing women today are?
Dan McDonald
Arts 2
"I guess just
like inequity in
sort of ignorant
toward the
whole subject so,
I can't really give
an opinion....
Uhh, I guess
women are still
being objectified.
I guess that's a
Chris Seide
Science 2
"I believe in
society they
deserve to be
treated equally,
yes. Urn, are
they equal
now? Not in all
respects. Should
they be? I think
-Coordinated by Tara
Teresa Grgic
Elec. Engineering 4
Megan Blatcheford
Engineering 3
Natalee Sigmund
Biology 4
"I think that's "The world in "Gender equal-
the thing that general obvious- ity is one of
always worries ly like countries them....Violence
me the most... where women against women,
women in cer- aren't educated Most impor-
tain faculties... because I feel tantly I think
[feel like they] they're missing violence against
don't get the out on a lot of women."
same rights as information."
everybody else.
That's what I
think is an issue
Martellaro & Samanatha Jung, with photos by Chibwe Mweene MARCH I 3, 2009
solution, tips and computer
programs at www.sudoku.com
su do ku   Crossword
Puzzles by Pappocom
rstin Bain
EASY #13
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Obviously tired
Cohen's "Bird on a "
Turkish city associated with Kebab
Highest volcano in Europe
Certain bear
34. 404 message
1. Portly
36. The Old Testament's YHVH
6. European mountain range
37. 'Oh dear'
10. Greek bee
39. Well-worn, dog-
Japanese water sprite
41. A unit of force equal to ten mi
Manner of walking
'And others' in MLA
42. Metronome rhythm
Calming joke
44. Trick or     '
epee activity
46. Teaching deg
47. Drain
To the      degree
49. Set straight
51. Mysterious
Back talk
52. Duncan in Planet of the Apes
Cockroach, e.g.
53. Common Sundae fruit
Segregated portion of a city
56. Ferment
Martin's branch of Christianity
57. Caffeine tree
Latin 'thing'
60. Matured
1. Short play
2. Mexican snack
3. The magic words'
4. Optimistic
5. Sailing man
6. Gemstone
7. Indian one hundred thousand
8. Certain dessert
9. Thoroughfare
10. Bedroom frame
11. Ornamental case
12. Ancient Chinese currency
13. Friendly nation
18. Concert second cal
23. Pale grey
25. Tribe of Americans Indians around
26. Blend
27. Scrape
28. Paris's love
29. Hungarian actor noted for playing
sinister roles
30. Chaucer's stanza form
31. Bristled
32. Down-and-out
35. Tattered
38. Seeding device
40. Abrupt mover
43. Kitchen fixture
45. The Vietnamese New Year
48. Fertile
50. Come to terms
52. Certain Southern European lizards
53. Call girl
54. Italian luxury
55. Roman emperor who "fiddled
while Rome burned"
56. Eternity
58. One of the three great Siberian
59. Sixth month of the Jewish calendar
62. To draw s
63. High pitched bark
Last week's answers on bottom left
Preparation Seminars
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41 H p
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aH't   y "pI ol*o
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| A
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• Canadian Experience Class?
• Provincial Nominee Program?
• Study Permit?
• Post-Graduate Work Permit?
call today for a consultation!
(consultation fees apply)
S. David Aujla
Immigration Lawyer
Look to the right!
Hey, come volunteer
for The Ubyssey. We're
in SUB 24 and would
love to see you there
soon. E-mail us at:
A Career in Orthoptics
The orthoptic training program is now accepting applications for its 24 month
course. The program is based in the department of Ophthalmology at British
Columbia's Children's Hospital. The 2 students selected begin training in July
2009. There is no stipend and there are no fees for the program.
Canadian certified orthoptists are eligible for employment in both Canada and
the United States.
Orthoptists are employed in hospitals, public health and ophthalmologists'
offices. They carry out tests and procedures, which assist in the diagnostic and
therapeutic assessment of patients of all ages with ocular motility problems and
related eye disorders. They are also often involved in research and teaching
• Baccalaureate degree.
• Should be patient and analytical
• Effective verbal and written communication skills.
• Relate well to people of all ages from infants to the elderly.
Requests for information and application forms should be mailed, faxed, or e-mailed to:
Orthoptics Services, B.C's Children's Hospital, 4480 Oak Street
Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4
Fax: (604) 875-3561
E-mail: cgiligson@cw.bc.ca
Applications will be accepted until April 30th, 2009
Information about Orthoptics can be obtained from:
http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Heatlth/TCOS/ DON'T JUST
BCIT Engineering gives you practical education
to design solutions for a brighter future.
Now is the time to act.
Visit bcit.ca, search 'engineering'


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