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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 7, 1977

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Array UBC to test male contraceptive on 24 men
By MARCUS GEE
A UBC social scientist and doctor are
beginning tests of a new male contraceptive taken by injection.
Dr. Robin Percival-Smith, of the
department of obstetrics and gynecology,
and Morton Warner, assistant professor of
health care and epidemiology, are seeking
24 volunteers for a program of monthly
injections with two hormones designed to
decrease sperm production.
The tests, to be administered at UBC's
student health services, are part of a
worldwide series administered by the
World Health Organization. It is the first
series of tests of the contraceptive on
humans.
The hormones — one an androgen and
one agestagen — have been used for years
for other uses. They act to reduce the
sperm count enough to render the man
temporarily sterile.
But Percivai-Smith said the volunteers
need not worry about their sperm count
PERCIVAL-SMITH
. . test director
not returning to normal after the test
period.
He said it will probably be 10 years
before the hormones are marketed,
perhaps in pill form. The reason for the
long delay is the necessity for extensive
testing to make sure there are no adverse
side effects, he said.
Percival-Smith said the only side effects
he can predict in the short term are an
outbreak of acne, slight swelling around
the nipples and a slight weight gain.
Researchers are seeking males between
30 and 40 years of age for the tests,
preferably men who are considering
vasectomy. A vasectomy is an operation to
tie off the sperm tubes.
Volunteers will attend a preparatory
clinic every two weeks for three months
before testing begins. When testing begins,
volunteers will go to the clinic once a
month for injections and once every two
weeks to have their sperm counts checked.
After two months of injections the sperm
counts   should   have   reached   a   non-
-&^£^msemm&**%&s*&wssmi&i^&i£9&*Mm®vi'^:& &-j3&^&z*&^^K^&i~Mm;ams£&*ZEFembm2Bffl&a^i*HmMm0Mi«mim
reproductive level, but Percival-Smith
suggests the volunteers' sex partners
continue to use some type of birth control
as a safety measure.
After the tests are over, he said, it will be
about three months before the volunteers
become fertile again.
Percival-Smith said the main advantage
of this form of contraception, if it proves
effective, is that it is inexpensive and it
shifts responsibility for birth control to the
male.
"Men have always thought that it is the
woman's place to use the contraceptive.
This would change all that.
"The women's movement may well have
stuck a pin in someone to get this research
going."
Percival-Smith said the hormones are
already being tested on volunteers in
Toronto, where they are being taken daily
in pill form.
Warner is involved in the project to
monitor the "acceptance level" of the drug
See page 1 1 :   NEW
UBC land request criticized
ByBILLTIELEMAN
UBC's request that at least 300
acres of the university endowment
lands be allocated to the campus
for future developments was
criticized Thursday by members of
the Vancouver Parks Board and
the Greater Vancouver Regional
District board.
"The land in the campus is not
used effectively," said parks board
member Bowie Keefer. "If the
university has to grow it has lots of
room to go."
Keefer said the endowment lands
should remain a park and not be
reduced in size.
"It's a large part of parkland and
it's actually too big to be nibbled
at. Its size is important."
He said the UEL's size was
important because it is one of the
few   undeveloped   natural   forest
Comp. exam
failure rate
high again
For the third straight year, more
than one-third of UBC's English 100
students have failed a simple
composition exam.
English 100 chairman Jonathan
Wisenthal said Thursday the
failure rate on the exam was 37 per
cent. The results are . almost
identical to last year's when 38 per
cent of first year students failed.
This year's exam consists of a
short essay by Aldous Huxley,
three content questions on the
essay, and a choice of two essay
topics. Last year's had a choice of
essay topics and several grammatical questions.
Wisenthal said the exam was fair
and reflected marks the students
received for the rest of their term
work.
"The marks students receive on
the composition exam are
generally in agreement with the
marks given them by their
professors." Wisenthal said.
"Every attempt is made to
arrive at a just mark, but there are
inequities in any type of exam,"
English professor Warren
Stevenson said.
But. Stevenson said, a good
student in one of the Z sections,
which are set aside for students
who do especially well in the
placement exams at the beginning
of the year, failed the exam.
"I'm not sure how to interpret
that." he said. But he said he
agreed in principle with the exam.
Another English professor, Rick
Coe, said the exam did a good job
of separating the borderline cases.
But, he said, "an exam designed
to be fair to borderline students
See page 3:   37%
areas around Vancouver and will
be needed as a park in the future.
"In 50 years this park will be as
important as Stanley Park," he
said.
Iva Mann, UEL representative
on the GVRD board also criticized
the UBC request.
"I couldn't get very excited
about it. They're asking for land 20
or 30 years down the line."
Mann said UBC's proposal was
too vague and stretched too far into
the future.
The university's position paper,
presented to a government study
team examining proposals for the
future of the UEL, asked that at
least 300 acres of the lands be
allocated to UBC for developments
such as agriculture and forestry
demonstration areas.
Keefer said the university should
find other land for a demonstration
farm, which was proposed to the
study team by agriculture dean W.
D  Kitts.
"As for a farm, the university
just paved its pasture land so if it
wants a farm it should go down to
the Delta area where there's good
farmland." he said.
John Dennison, chairman of the
education faculty and a member of
the UEL ratepayers association
said he sympathized with the
university's concern for expansion
but that there are 75 acres of
parking lots and 65 acres of
buildings in the 989-acre campus.
He said he was not suggesting
the university tear up parking lots
but that it should make more efficient use of available land.
A member of the UEL Tenants
Society also rapped the UBC
request for more land.
"I don't see them having any
need for more land," Jane Corcoran, a member of the tenants'
society steering committee, said.
Corcoran said the general feeling
among tenants is that UBC is as
large as it should be. She said UBC
should make more efficient use of
its present land.
But Jordan Kamburoff, assistant
to the director of the physical
plant's planning division, said the
university is using all its present
space and needs more room for
expansion.
"Really all the campus is in use
right now." he said.
Forestry dean J. H. G. Smith
also said more land was needed by
the university.
Smith said the forestry faculty
has no land to work with at present.
Acting housing head Michael
Davis said no plans for future
student housing developments in
the UEL were submitted to the
study team.
Keefer said the university's bid
for more land without presenting
detailed development plans was
made necessary by the establishment of the UEL study team.
"I got the impression that there
See page 3:   UBC
Vol. L!X, No. 33
VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 7,  1977
228-2301
Mb.
—jon Stewart photo
EVEN GUITARISTS NEED CHEAT SHEETS to get by these days. Bob Hadley, regular attraction at
SUB, gets help from notes while playing to students passing by. Hodley sells his albums for five bucks
apiece most days at SUB. Page 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, January 7, 1977
Civilization,
anyone?
Civilization, anyone?
A beginner's course in the
history of civilization will be
offered in the form of Kenneth
Clark's Civilization film series
starting Wednesday.
Films   will   be   shown    in   the
Tween
classes
TODAY
SKYDIVING
General    meeting,   noon,   SUB   2 1b.
CHINESE STUDENTS'
ASSOCIATION
Dance    practice,    7:30    p.m.,    SUB
212.
ALLIANCE   FRANCAISE
Les    diapobitives   des   pisles,   noon,
Internationa] House lounye.
MONDAY
CHINESE STUDENT
ASSOCIATION
Drama    lecture,    5:30    p.m.,    Buch.
222.
UBC  WOMEN'S COMMITTEE
General    meeting,    5:30    p.m.,   SUB
224.
TUESDAY
GRAPHICSOC
General   meeting,   noon,  Graphicsoc
room, SUB.
NEWMAN  CLUB
Luncheon    general    meeting,    noon,
SUB 20b.
Hot flashes
SUB    auditorium   at    noon,   and
admission is free. -
China
resource
China
The Vancouver School Board
is offering a new 10-week
evening course on China, starting
Wednesday.
The course, China Today, will
include films, slides, tape
recordings and discussions with
recent visitors to China.
It is a general interest course
for people interested in current
events in China, and most
sessions       will       be      lead       by
experienced
people.
Classes are every Wednesday
in the music room of Kitsilano
Secondary School, 2250 West
Tenth. The course costs $20.
Lawrence
D. H. Lawrence's play, A
Collier's Friday Night, begins
Wednesday in the Freddy Wood
Theatre.
The play continues until Jan.
22 every night except Sunday.
Curtain time is 8 p.m. Phone
228-2678 for ticket information.
PAYMENT OF FEES
THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, GENERAL SERVICES
ADMINISTRATION BLDG., WISHES TO REMIND STUDENTS
THAT THE
Second Instalment Is Due On Or Before
FRIDAY, JANUARY 14,   1977
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
1110 Seymour St.
688-2481
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
A Collier's Friday Night
by D. H. Lawrence
JANUARY 14-25
(Previews—Jan. 12 & 13)
8:00 P.M.
STUDENT TICKETS      $2.00
Box Office
Frederic Wood Theatre — Room 207
SUPPORT YOUR CAMPUS THEATRE
THE CLASSIFIEDS
RATES:    Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines,  1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c. Additional days $2.25 and 45c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Off ice, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
50 — Rentals
FREES6 — office of the Dean of Women film series "Civilization" starts
again Jan. 12th every Wed., 12:35
p.m. SUB Aud. — Free.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
70 — Services
80 — Tutoring
COMMUNITY SPORTS
RACQUET STRINGING
Very low rates. Excellent workmanship. 24-hour service, plus exceptional prices for racquets. Call 733-
1612. 3616 West 4th Ave. Open 10
a.m.
85 — Typing
ESSAYS, PAPERS typed at reasonable
rate, free pick-up and delivery. Call
Liz at 682-8056 before 7:30 a.m. or
alter 5:00 p.m.
TYPING — fast and accurate. Live
close to campus. Please call Susan,
738-0498   or   734-1463.
THE GRIN BIN largest selection of
prints and posters in B.C. 3209 W.
Broadway <opp.  Super-Valu). 738-2311.
11
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SLR cameras — Now at Lens & Shutter Friday, January 7,  1977
THE
UBYSSEY
Page 3
UBC request not too popular
From page 1
was some sort of reflex action, that
th.3 university better ask for some
land." he said.
Keefer said the president's ad
hoc advisory committee on the
UEL, which delivered the report
the university's position paper was
based on. should have realized the
importance of maintaining the
entire UEL as a park rather than
advising UBC expansion.
"I think the committee that
wrote that report might have done
better to get off their butts and go
for a walk (in the UEL)." he said.
The government study team will
be presenting its proposal for the
future development of the UEL to
the public next Wednesday, team
member Hayne Wai said Thursday.
Wai said the proposal is for
public discussion and will not be
finalized until after a public forum
is held Jan. 26.
He said the study team is
discussing UBC's position paper
with the university and is waiting
for some more detailed information on UBC's development
plans
Wai said community concern
that UBC's needs for more land be
settled without the university
expanding its ownership of land
have been conveyed to the team.
37% fail exam
From page 1
may not necessarily be fair to the
best students."
"A degree is a certificate which
indicates to employers that the
holder has certain skills and
knowledge." he said. "The exam is
one way of ensuring graduates
have the necessary control of the
language."
Wisenthal had hoped the
remedial sections would have
decreased the failure rate.
But, he said, the failure rates on
the final exams have so far been
considerably lower than the
Christmas failure rates.
He said the study team is considering if UBC's needs for more
land can be met without actually
giving part of the endowment lands
to the university.
"One of the things being con-
needs can be met without
sidered is whether the university's
ownership  but   with   access   and
through access to the administration (of the UEL)," he
said.
Keefer said the UEL has already
been made too small because of a
—greg steer photo
BACK TO REALITY after exams, students once again populate SUB pool hall. After being behind the
eight ball for weeks its good to relax and hustle for beer money again. SUB pool tables can be rented for
$1.50 an hour till 11 p.m. each night.
Briefs: Delayed meeting Monday
UBC students will meet with
education minister Pat McGeer
and deputy education minister
Walter Hardwick in Victoria
Monday.
The meeting was originally
scheduled for Dec. 13 after McGeer
failed to show up at a National
Student Day forum last November,
but was postponed by McGeer
because it interfered with exams.
Alma Mater Society president
Dave Theessen said Thursday the
meeting will include a morning
discussion and an afternoon
workshop.
In the discussion, McGeer and
Hardwick will talk about changes
to the universities act, finances,
this year's budget, and tuition fees,
Theessen said, and students will
ask questions.
Theessen said issues such as
housing, student aid, summer
employment and counselling will
be covered in the afternoon
workshops.
AMS external affairs officer Moe
Sihota, commerce senator Gary
Moore, senator-at-large Dick Byl
and arts rep Dave Van Blarcom
will attend the meeting. Arts rep
Pam Willis will represent the B.C.
Students' Federation.
'Better PR needed'
Universiti3s must do a better job
of selling themselves to the public
and the provincial government,
education researcher Peter
Robbins said Thursday.
Robbins, researcher for the
Confederation of University
Faculty Association of B.C., said
he has been mandated by the
organization to prepare a brochure
for MLAs to explain the value of
universities.
"They (MLAs) think university
people do very little work for a lot
of money. This is unfair."
Robbins said many MLAs are ill-
informed about universities and so
the government is currently
looking at education as an area
that can be cut back.
"Provincial expenditure on post-
secondary education is highly
visible and it is going to be hit. We
are   afraid   it   will   be .hit   in
discriminately and this may affect
universities for a long time in the
future."
Robbins said CUFA is concerned
that budg.3t cutbacks will result in
severe constraints on professors'
salaries, force tuition fees up and
damage the quality of education.
He said he hopes to have the
brochure ready to distribute when
education spending estimates are
presented to the legislature in mid-
February. CUFA will also send a
delegation to Victoria to lobby for
adequate spending on universities.
Education minister Pat McGeer
has indicated there will be little or
no increase in education spending
next year.
And Robbins said the recent
agreement on cost sharing between the provinces and the federal
government may mean more
restraints on education spending.
UBC housing administration is
still without a permanent director,
and will probably remain so at
least until the next university
budget is approved
Erich Vogt, administration vice-
president in charge of student and
faculty affairs said Thursday a
committee to select a new housing
head will probably be formed
before the end of January, but he
does not expect any results from it
for several months.
The housing office has been run
by acting director Michael Davis
since the sudden resignation in
September. 1975 of former head
Les Rohringer.
A committee was formed in
October, 1975 to recommend a
director for the combined housing
and food services departments. It
made its recommendations in
March, but these were not followed
and no joint director was hired.
Vogt later decided the two
departments should remain
separate, but since the report was
made no effort has been made to
find a permanent housing director.
Glen Caidenhead won the $2,500
first prize in the UBC covered pool
lottery.
Karen Lum, Terry Whitney and
Sue Kam Woo each won $500
second prizes.
The lottery, held to raise funds
for UBC's $4.7 million covered
pool, managed to raise only $20.
Lottery organizer and pool fund
raiser Doug Aldridge blamed a
number of factors for its lack of
success.
He said the provincial government lotteries, offering much
larger prizes, saturated the lottery
market, even though chances of
winning anything in a larger lottery are much slimmer than they
were in the UBC aquatic centre
lottery.
Aldridge also said a number of
UBC clubs took tickets and offered
to sell them to their members, but
never did.
The pool, which received $435,000
from the federal government in
December, is still $1 million and at
least one year from completion.
1965 expansion of the university
campus to the present 989 acres.
He said a forestry demonstration
area could be established without
detriment to the UEL.
27 workers
sign pact
with admin
UBC's 27 power plant workers
agreed Wednesday to accept an
administration contract offer of six
per cent wage increase over one
year.
The International Union of
Operating Engineers, local 882,
voted to accept the offer after the
administration withdrew a
proposal which required workers
to cross picket lines if another
union struck on campus, union
spokesman Bill Kadey said
Thursday.
"I don't believe the union should
discuss that with management,"
Kadey said. He said the unions
should decide among themselves
whether to respect picket lines.
The 27 IUOE workers voted Dec.
.30 to strike when their contract
expired at midnight the next day,
leaving UBC buildings without
heat. Kadey said the strike vote
was taken to prevent the administration from prolonging
contract talks by calling in a
mediator.
He claimed the administration
has been delaying all contract
talks on campus, but the administration cannot call in a
mediator after a decision has been
made to strike.
Kadey said he has not been
satisfied with any of the wage
increases gained by IUOE locals
since the Anti-Inflation Board was
established in October, 1975.
The IUOE gained a 23.5 per cent
wage increase in the year before
the union came under the AIB
guidelines, Kadey said. "Most
people in the union agree that
something had to be done. We'd
price ourselves out of the world
market. But how can I go to my
people and tell them that they're
restricted to a six per cent wage
increase?
Kadey said the 27 local members, all skilled tradesmen, were
asking for parity with UBC's
physical plant skilled workers. He
said the skilled workers in CUPE
make up a small part of the local.
They won higher wage increases
because the higher wages of the
skilled workers is compensated for
by the slightly lower wages of the
rest of the membership, he said.
Democracy wins
In an overwhelming display of
democracy, nine out of 17 student
senate seats have been filled by
acclamation.
Seats in agriculture,
engineering, arts, dentistry,
forestry, law, medicine, pharmacy
and education were all filled by
acclamation, and nobody applied
for the science seat.
The commerce senate seat is
being contested by Alma Mater
Society president Dave Theessen,
commerce 4; and Don Turri,
commerce 2.
Grad students John Russell,
math; Robert Marris, history; and
Dave Garner, chemistry; are
contesting the grad student seat.
Already elected by acclamation
are Al McNeil, agriculture 3;
Wayne Rodgers, engineering 3;
Paul Sandhu, arts 3; Carl Karmer,
dentistry 3; David bulger, forestry
3; Eric Warren, law 1; Norm
Chang, medicine 3; Don Hamilton,
pharmacy 3; and Joan Blandford,
education 4.
Eleven students are running for
the five senate-at-large positions,
and eight for the two board of
governors seats.
Senate-at-large candidates are
Elaine Bernard, qualifying year:
Bill Chow, engineering 3; Ronald
Joseph, engineering 3; Gregory
Schwab, engineering 3; Joe
Uyesugi, engineering 3; Joe
Quarshie, engineering 3; Christie
Jung, arts 4; Anne Katrichak,
science 4; Maureen Peters, nursing 3; Lome Rogers, science 3;
and Pam Willis, arts 4.
Running for board are Joanne
Clifton, arts 3; Herb Dhaliwal,
commerce 4; Bob Goodwin,
commerce 2: Gary Moore, grad
business administration; current
board rep Basil Peters,
engineering 4; Bob Salkeld.
science 3; Moe Sihota, social work
4; and Jhwon Wentworth, arts 3.
Elections are Jan. 19. Friday, January 7, 1977
Letters 9 staff
needed now
It's time to break all those silly New Year's resolutions
to avoid depravity and drunkeness — it's time to join The
Ubyssey.
We'd love to see new reporters, sports writers,
photogs, reporters, cartoonists and reporters. The training
program we provide is the envy of Canada Personpower and
the cause of high unemployment. We have lots of fun, too.
Our home is the northeast corner of SUB's second
floor, room 241 K.
And if you're not interested in spending much of your
life involved with The Ubyssey, there are other
opportunities.
For example, we have one paid position which is
vacant. It is the job of copy runner, which pays S18 a
week for the task of driving 10 miles at 4 and 6 p.m. each
Monday, Wednesday and Thursday. Applications will be
accepted at noon today in SUB 241 K.
And there are even opportunities for those of you
who   don't   like  us.   We   need   letters  and   opinion   pieces.
UEL plan
Time for another cheers editorial.
This one is directed at all the folks who slapped the
greedy little hands of the engineers of UBC's report on the
development of the University Endowment Lands to the
government's UEL study team.
The UBC report asked the study team, when it makes
its recommendations later this month to the government
about what it should do with the endowment lands, to
leave at least 300 acres of the UEL for the university to
play with.
The UBC report asked for some land to be available
for a public education farm, and some more land to be set
aside for a forestry demonstration area.
First of all, the UBC report was apparently very
hastily put together. There couldn't have been too much
thought given to a farm and a forestry area — there is no
detailed description of what functions either of those areas
would serve or how or why they should require at least
300 acreas of land to be set aside.
Not only is it silly of UBC to expect a government to
set aside at least 300 acres of land for vague, nebulous
schemes.
But at least one of those schemes is ludicrous.
We're referring to the public education farm. If the
public wants to see a real farm in operation, it may as well
drive out to where the real farms are. They're not all that
far away.
And if a public education farm is dreamed up to
benefit the students of UBC as well as serve as another
UBC public relations gesture, then why did the university
recently have such a field day tearing down and paving over
its old dairy barns?
As for the forestry demonstration area, that may very
well be a good idea. It's hard to tell without more details
being provided.
But if such an area were to be an area which provided
information about the forest then why does it have to be
controlled   by   the   university?
In short, the university's request for at least 300 acres
of land seems to be nothing more than a reflex reaction to
the thought that a government is finally going to ensure
that the land remain as wilderness and used as a park.
After all, UBC has become so used to being
surrounded by huge amounts of wilderness that it has come
to assume that it will have no problems getting whatever it
wants in the way of land.
That assumption is amply illustrated by people within
the departments of forestry, agriculture, planning and
physical plant who have had the gall to say that UBC — the
1,000-acre campus — does'nt have enough land.
If UBC doesn't have enough land for everything it
wants to do, then that's the fault not of the land but of
the people who've planned how it's to be used or of the
grandiose ambitions they have for the university.
To wind up, it's encouraging to hear representatives of
the parks board, the Great board, the Greater Vancouver
Regional District and tenants and ratepayers associations
dumping on UBC's ill-thought out request for yet more
land.
It's a nice change to hear some of those people
thinking in realistic terms about the distant future and
realizing what an incredible boon untouched UEL will be in
years to come.
About fucking time
It's about time.
That is, about time that
somebody got seriously to
work at developing a male
contraceptive like the pill
that will begin to be tested
at UBC in a few weeks.
One of the most obvious
benefits of a successful male
pill will be that men will be
able to take a more effective
direct responsibility for
birth control.
The days may soon be
gone when women have to
have full responsibility for
contraceptives — if not by
using them themselves, then
ensuring that men do.
And it's about time that
men have some sort of
alternative to sterilization,
besides ridiculous things like
condoms.
What is interesting about
the development of the new
THE UBYSSEY
JANUARY 7, 1977
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301;
Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
"Ooooh, I've been shot by a male contraceptive," shrieked Marcus
Gee. Sue Vohanka and Heather Walker recoiled in disgust, believing Gee
had been castrated. "A eunuch, at last a real eunuch! Just let me get my
phlegm ruler and measure it," yelped Ralph Maurer, tripping over Chris
Gainor and Merrilee Robson in his eagerness to edit the cringing Three.
"No, he's only rendered temporarily sterile," said Paul Vanderham and
Ted Davis. "Yes, he's even more harmless than usual," tittered Dave
Wilkinson, Les Wiseman and Bruce Baugh while David Morton took
Three's temperature and made notes. Doug Field, Matt King and Jon
Stewart ran to their family doctor Anne Cormack for prescriptions,
while Bill Tieleman asked Three if there were side effects to the new
drug. "Yes," moaned Three. "Your face develops hideous lumps and
your hair grows into a permanent Steve Howard ponytail." Dave Fraser,
Greg Strong, and ray Kyles threw their packages of pills in the garbage
quickly, and Dick Bale and Greg Steer, their faces pale and pimply, ran
to the nearest  mirror.
experimental male pill is
that it is being done by the
World Health Organization
instead of by the incredibly
wealthy drug companies.
The way those companies
view a male pill is to ask
why they should bother.
After all, they say, why
should they bother when
they've already developed a
pill for women that sells
well, even though no one
knows what all of its side
effects may be, and even
though many women can't
use the pill.
The drug companies
simple don't want to bother
to invest the necessary vast
amounts of time and money
into researching and testing
a new pill that may not
even work.
And it's easy to see why
they don't bother — money
is the motivating force in
the drug business, not a
concern for health and
welfare.
Anyway, cheers to the
WHO for taking the
initiative.
We hope the test results
are positive. Er, negative . . .
we just hope they work. matt king photo muste
Components of the I
LOU REED AND RACHEL
By BRUCE BAUGH
and LES WISEMAN
Lou Reed was in Vancouver
recently on a tour promoting his
eighth solo album, Rock and Roll
Heart. In the 1960s Lou Reed was
the prime creative force behind
The Velvet Underground, a band
which created music so far ahead
of its time that its material is still
too avant-garde for some people.
The best explanation for the Velvet
Underground phenomenon was
their constantly hipper-than-thou
image, their innovative musical
stylings and their association with
Andy Warhol. The Velvets wore
black leather, sunglasses, were
into hard drugs and had a New
York homosexual street punk
image during the height of the
flower-power craze in San Francisco.
When The Velvet Underground
broke up, Reed began a solo career
as erratic as any in the business. A
collaboration with David Bowie
produced the album Transformer,
from which Reed had his only top
forty hit, Walk On the Wild Side, a
song about the gay scene in New
York. The live album Rock and
Roll Animal featured a hard-rock
approach and gained Reed a whole
new audience, who had for the
most part never even heard of The
Velvet Underground.
The concert which Reed gave at
the Queen Elizabeth Theatre
demonstrated the range of appeal
of  his   music.   Some   fans   came
. . munching on Johnny Walkers and Bloody Marys
matt king photo
expecting the kind of hard rock of
Rock and Roll Animal, some expected the glitter of Transformer,
while still others came hoping to
hear the sound they associated
with The Velvet Underground.
What they got was a performance
which ranged from brilliant to
terrible and which sounded for the
most part like nothing he has done
before. Old songs were transformed and there was a healthy
portion of songs from Reed's last
two albums. Backed up by capable
musicians, whose extrapolations
verged on jazz, Reed used feedback and white noise to create an
effect that was at once raw and
sophisticated.
A bank of 48 TV screens which
flashed a barrage of intense, incoherent images complemented
the two-and-a-half hour assault on
the senses.
Although the performance included such classics as Sweet
Jane, Rock and Roll, Heroin,
Waiting for the Man and Walk On
the Wild Side, the highlight of the
evening was an intense, cabaret-
style rendition of Berlin. At times
Reed seemed on the verge of going
completely out of control. He
shouted, slapped the microphone
I so violently that it had to be
replaced at one point] and banged
his guitar, jerking and
sporadically dancing on the stage.
It was fascinating and a little
horrifying to see how close he
came to public self-destruction.
The afternoon of the concert, we
spoke to Lou Reed in the lounge at
the Harborside Holiday Inn. He
was accompanied by his tour
manager and roommate, an androgynous creature named
Rachel. Reed spoke to us while
enjoying a meal of Bloody Marys
and double Johnny Walker Blacks.
PF: Are you going to do a stage
play of the philosophy of Andy
Warhol?
R.: Oh, we have it together. All's
somebody has to do is give us
money, and we'd be off and we'd do
it. You know, a musical.
PF: A musical?
Ft.: Yeah, we thought it was so
funny. The Philosophy of Nothing
from A to B and Back Again. A
musical. On Broadway.
PF: Warhol said he wanted to
have Lorna Luft in it.
R.: Oh yeah, he wanted to have
Lorna Luft and David Cassidy.
Which may really make him years
ahead of his time, either David
Cassidy or Andy.
PF: How's the tour going and
how do you like the new band?
R.: The new band. The new band
has been together for about two
years. Pre-Coney Island Baby, as a
matter of fact, so they're not new.
.As a matter of fact, they're getting
kind of old. To me it's not a new
band. I mean, it is and it isn't, if
you follow what I mean. If I didn't
like them, they wouldn't be here
and probably vice versa.
PF: How has the reception been
in the places you've played so far?
R.: Ecstatic. Supposedly.
Because the straight press has
been so bad it had to be good. No,
because from looking at the people
. . . believe it or not, I'm a great
one for kids and the kids seem to
like it. The kids liked it, plus, more
important than that, we like it. It's
our show. So if we liked it, that's
good enough for me. Our tastes
seem to run. . . I'm retarded in
that sense, at about 14 I stopped.
PF: Do you feel your tastes are
about the same as the kids?
R.: In some respects.
Metaphysically I would doubt it.
PF: Is having those tastes what
it is to have a rock and roll heart?
R.: I wanted a pacemaker on the
cover. But then I realized that I
didn't know what a pacemaker
looked like any more than anybody
else did. I would put Henry Fondas
picture there, but then there were
legal problems with that.
No, Rock and Roll Heart meant a
life style. Just a certain way of
looking at things and doing things.
None of which is the same. But it's
like a common denominator there
somewhere.
PF: Rolling Stone thought of the
album as a search for lost innocence. Is there any truth in that?
R.: Oh, please. They thought
Banging On My Drum was about
masturbation, too. No. But, if they
want to think that, then yes. It's so
much more exciting what they
come up with than whatever we
mea nt.
PF: Do you find the interpretations of your songs
amusing?
R.: No.
PF: Does it bother you?
R.: No. Like, it's amusing and
it's not amusing and it doesn't
matter one way or the other.
PF: What's the purpose of. . .
R.: Life.
PF: . . the 70 TV screens in your
stage show?
R.: So it's up to 70 now.
PF: How many are there going
to be?
R.: Well, I heard 70, it started at
60, went down to 48 at one point.
That was through no fault of our
own. They're monitors we got
second hand from a hospital. Black
and white. I guess so all the elderly
patients can watch each other die
or something, so they can say, ah
room 304, the i.v. has slipped, or
something, too bad.
PF: What do you have on the
monitors?
R.: Prerecorded tapes.
PF: What's on the tapes?
R.: They're abstract. It's like an
ultimate Rorschach, you know.
Very high intensity black and
white. One of the ways you do it is
by putting a nuvocon tube into a
Sony camera instead of a tivicon or
vidicon and then setting the
polarity backwards. A very high
intensity white and a very high
intensity black.
The better the tube the more
gradations of grey. Also, you have
infrared capabilities. So what you
want to do is keep the infrared
capabilities but do away with the
quality of having the gradations of
grey.
So I get a good camera and fuck
it up. is what it amounts to. Get it
all the way to all the improvements, especially the tubes,
and then have somebody fuck it up.
which is very hard to do because
people won't knowledgeably do
that. I mean they'll say to you, T
will not do that to that camera,"
and I say "please" and they say,
"No. you'll be in here bitching and
yelling as soon as you're straight"
and I say. no. no. I swear, and I
write it out on a piece of paper, I
hereby given permission. . ."
So what you do is you have what
they call the falls, the falls is the
white, you have it set wrong — too
intense — same with the black,
which are called the palisades. I
have no idea why you know, falls
and palisades. You have that set
also very high, so consequently you
have taken out what they worked
so very hard on to get in, you know,
the ability to get all the detail
through grey. So you have very hot
white, very black and nothing in
between One thing that really
matters is the incredible contrast,
the detail, it's still there. I would
shoot certain things and then
reshoot them at higher intensity",
with different filters, like a close-
up. a wide-angle lens, never used a
zoom. A zoom lens is really kind of
useless.
PF: Is the TV show going to act
as a backdrop?
R.: Yeah.
PF: How many people will be
able to see it? The first 20 rows?
R.: No, you can see it from all
the way back It's made for about a
4.500-seat theatre. As a matter of
fact, if you're too close it will hurt
your eyes.
PF: Because of the brilliance?
R.: Yeah, and because of certain
optical principles. Like, a cheap
way of looking at it is if you've ever
watched TV late at night in black
and white you start to see purple
because it's a late night movie,
because there are no greys.
We've taken all the greys out so
there's nothing recognizable up
there, except people will insist that
t Doan'9
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commence the week of January 17th. Sign up NOW since enrollment is limited.
THE OFFICE OF STUDENT SERVICES PONDEROSA ANNEX 7
Page Friday. 2
THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, January 7, 1977 ^^^MSIS^i^^rlfei*;^ music
ock and Roll Heart
they're   seeing
cognizable things there so you can see
ything you want.
3F: So it's alt interpretation.
I.: Yeah, people have even said that I'm
there, which is patently impossible, ex-
jt in some ontological sense, because I
s on the other side of the camera.
>F: This TV and all that. . .
t.: Its a lot better than light shows. I
ted light shows.
JF: Did you even hate the kind of light
>w that went on with Warhol? The Ex-
ding Plastic Inevitable?
I.: No, it was new then. Now everybody
s the same. They hire Show Co. and away
■y go.
JF: I hear that you guys were one of the
st acts to play the Retinal Circus, one of
■ original psychedelic clubs here in
ncouver, back when you were with The
ivet Underground.
{.: Oh yeah, that was fantastic. There
s a contortionist on, I couldn't watch. He
.de me sick, he was dislocating both his
ns and shoulders and tying himself into
)t.s. Just sickening. I had to go backstage,
they were smoking dope and that made
sick, so I didn't have any place to go.
Jul. Vancouver was really pretty. They
d its just like when Columbus sailed, I
an whoever was the Columbus of that
ie.
'F: Vancouver. That's who it's named
er.
I.: Oh really. Well there you go. We were
nding at a harbor or something. And they
d its like whoever got here first and took
ook around and we saw basically the
ne thing. And I was really amazed, I
ught that was really fantastic. It was
illy pretty, just obscenely pretty. You
>w like disgustingly pretty, man.
low come they haven't got around to
kin  it up yet?
'F: They're working on it.
!.: We were up here with a guy, who
rks up here doing sound. He was one of
■ first, quote, roadies, before anybody
;w what a roadie was. We only knew he
s a person who helped put everything
ether and didn't steal. He came under the
idmg of a friend, now they're called
dies and so now they steal. I guess tit for
or tat for tit.
'F: You seem to be really into technique
1 technical things like sound equipment
1 film equipment. I saw an article in
iling Stone which said you had figured out
ne new gadget for your guitar. What is it
>ut technology that fascinates you?
[.: Machines. . . because Sony, when they
st wanted to come out with a transistor
^E? *".   *m
*wr
1^  •
r
TV SCREENS
radio that would fit in your pocket, and they
made all these ads that said it would fit in
your pocket, and when they finally made it,
it didn't fit in your pocket. So they made
their own shirts with a pocket that it would
fit in. And I've always admired that.
PF: Does Metal Machine Music reflect
some sort of exploration in pure technology?
R.: It was the ultimate multi-layered
guitar solo. (Laughs; Plus I hated RCA so
much. I don't think that's a secret. Things
had gotten out of control. I happen to really
like the record. But it was in disguise, it
looked suspiciously like Rock N Roll
Animal. What a ripoff.
PF: What sort of cover were you hoping
for?
R.: Well I packaged it. So I packaged it so
it would come out exactly that way.
PF: Did you want a disclaimer on it or
not?
R.: I wanted a disclaimer on it. Their idea
of a disclaimer was in little-bitty print. They
were supposed to have a big thing saying
usten to two minutes worth before you go
and lay out your gilders. You know that's
like world weary. Far out. You know, things
like that. Deutschland uber Alles. Like Nico
put that on her album and people would say,
'Don't you know what the Jewish rack
'It's a lot better than light shows
-matt king photo
jobber is going to say?" No, no! So, rambling discourse, you know?
Back to machines. They're so interesting.
Its like algebra. I always liked algebra,
cause if you do algebra right you go from X
to Y and you're bound to get to Z. There's
always some logical fundamental way that
you get to Z and if you don't then you've
made a logical mistake. And the. same
applies to machinery.
Ail youhave todo is pick up a manual. It's
not like you have to be an expert. Anybody
can be an expert. Anybody can be an expert,
all you have to do is be able to read and
write. You don't even have to write. Just
read. Or if you can't read, have somebody
read it to you. I mean that's the whole idea
about tapes, it bypasses, leapfrogs over the
verbalization to giving people instructions.
It's like Andy ('Warhol j said, it's so much
easier to read a book by putting your finger
on it, you can feel it better. And that takes
care of that.
PF: So you're saying that any verbal
critique of Metal Machine Music would be
irrelevant.
R.: Yeah! And by definition, void of any
kind of intelligence. The vacuity of it would
more than demonstrate the paucity of intelligence involved in it.
PF: Just put it on the record player and
let it move your broom.
R.: Or don't. Groucho Marx said, bring
me a rose and leave me alone.
PF: Changing the subject to something $
bit lighter. . .
R.: Oh, you mean that was heavy! Oh
you're a pushover.
PF: Well, it could be for somebody
reading this.
R.: I cant understand why somebody
would want to read it when they can see it.
Why read about something that already
happened. I mean it's obsolete by definition.
It's as obsolete as yesterday's news.
PF: But yesterday's news can be relevant
to today.
R.: Only if we're playing the week coming
up. I'm not running for president.
PF: So you'd prefer no reviews to be
•written. Just people listen to the music and
whatever it means to them that's jim dandy.
R.: Right! Or if somebody wanted to say,
hey, you might like this. Fine. But to analyze
and critique it to death?
PF: What do you think of someone like
Lester Bangs?
R.: I don't. Not if I can help it. But people
like you keep bringing him up. He's a very
SeePF4: LOU REED
John Baldry hichs out the jams
By DICK BALE
iometimes life seems a tired worn-out
air, and sometimes a confusing,
Dressing thing where nothing ever works
right. But if you look hard there are
>ugh good things in life to keep everyone
ficiently content. Ah yes, those good
igs, those rare jewels, those pearls of
jerience — fresh powder snow on a sunny
f, a refreshing breeze blowing on a sunny
ich, Long John Baldry at the Old Roller
lk in North Vancouver,
lyperbole aside, if you missed Baldry in
cember, then you missed one of the best
all club performers around today; a
lliver among Lilliputians, he has a
verful stage presence, both visually and
•ally dominating the show,
ialdry has in his time played with more
;ellent musicians than you or I combined
/e had hot dinners, and his present band
io exception. Past proteges have included
:h household names as Rod Stewart and
on John (part of whose name is taken
m Baldry's;. He has also played with
mblin' Jack Elliot, Alexis Korner,
arlie Watts, Mick Jagger, Brian Auger,
ie Driscoll, Mickey Waller and Vic
ggs as well as Ron Wood, Klaus Voorman
1 Maggie Bell on his albums. Quite an
pressive tally.
'he current band is no less talented,
idry has an excellent lead guitarist and
nist, plus two phenomenal girl singers.
Vhen asked in a Ubyssey interview why
thought so many of his former fellow
sicians had become famous, Baldry said
vas because he insisted on surrounding
lself with only the best.   He felt that
several of his present band had promising
futures. He plans to produce an album with
them sometime this spring.
Baldry played several songs from his new
album, Welcome to Club Casablanca, as
well as classics from It Ain't Easy, including the inevitable Don't Try to Lay No
Boogie Woogie On The King of Rock and
Roll. This was successfully recorded first
time around, he said, one drunk night in the
studios. He also played several acoustic
blues numbers, and both the women had fine
solos.
Baldry, having been in the music business
and involved with so many of the top people
for twenty years, is an extremely interesting and literate person to talk with. He
was in fact at one time extremely successful
with a series of commercial Top-of-the-Pops
singles in England — his "housewife"
period as he refers to it. Fortunately he
returned to his somewhat more dynamic
rock style.
Baldry is now based in Vancouver, which
he likes for its mixture of American and
British elements. It is not too far from the
rock-culture capital of the world, Los
Angeles, but luckily does not have that city's
gross excesses. "The city of possessions,"
Baldry calls it.
So if you see a tall thin fellow with an
earring and a beard wandering around
Vancouver, you'll know it's someone
famous. He will be appearing here again in
the near future, and probably fairly
regularly after that, so when he does come,
don't miss the opportunity to see an excellent show. If you're in any kind of a rut,
it's guaranteed to lift you out of it.
LONG JOHN BALDRY ... one of life's little pleasures
-matt king photo
Friday, January 7, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday. 3 symposium
Humanity reaches New Age
By DAVID MORTON
The amazing thing about the
World Symposium on Humanity,
held in Vancouver's Hyatt
Regency Hotel last December, is
that it was organized almost entirely by the 25-member chapter of
the 3HO organization.
3H0 (the three h's being Health,
Happiness and Holiness), is the
official organization of the white
segment of the Sikh faith in Vancouver. The 20-odd members are
students and teachers of Kundalini
yoga
The idea was to bring together
people of different faiths,
philosophies and lifestyles, and
attempt to establish a series of
positive steps towards the onset of
what the 3H0 people call the New
Age.
The idea for the Symposium
came about last year just before
Christmas and plans were put into
action immediately.
Letters were sent out to
prospective speakers for the
Symposium throughout the world.
Such people as Ken Keyes, leader
of the Living Love movement in
California, and Yogi Bhajan, the
leader of the Sikh faith in the
Northern Hemisphere were contacted.
When there were four people who
indicated some interest in the
Symposium, the organizers went
full tilt into the publicity of the
event. Through their own
publication, New Directions, as
well as others, they encouraged
membership applications which
cost one hundred dollars for the
entire seven-day conference.
All of the subsequent action on
the Symposium organization was
done on the strength of the
membership deposits that came in.
There were a minimum of people
on the payroll, the only ones
receiving payment, being the
technical organizers which were
brought in from San Francisco.
Besides the enormous PA
system, there were two video tape
cameras recording all that took
place on the stage. Lectures
delivered by any of the 12 lecturers
were all recorded on tape and
reproduced on high speed tape
duplicators. There was a closed
circuit TV system with monitors at
several points in the Symposium
lobby. A staff of about six
professional photographers
recorded the event on film. But
most important was the Interlogue
system.
In order to maximize the impact
of the events of the Symposium, a
system of gathering questions and
comments of the 1,000 participants
and making them available to the
rest of the participants was
arranged. To carry this out, six
cassette tape recorders were in
BC Telephone booths set up
around the lobby. People would
read their questions into them.
Periodically, an interlogue staffer
would collect the tapes from the
machines and transcribe the
material over the closed circuit TV
system. This allowed for
maximum exposure for all ideas to
be expressed, and the answers or
replies would be handled in the
same manner.
The interlogue concept was used
lor the first ever time at the
Symposium and it was an over-
SYMPOSIUM . . . bringing
whelming success, according to
Symposium organizers. One
person, wishing to meet with
others interested in alternative
farming techniques, organized a
meeting place, and announced it
over interlogue. Within the hour,
sixty people had gathered in the
room and the meeting enabled all
these people to share farming
techniques.
The impact of the minds like
Buckminster Fuller and Stephen
Gaskin, were indeed heightened by
the interlogue system if not the
entire media setup. The ideas that
came out of the Symposium surely
had the impact of the Habitat
Conference this summer, and
considering the idea came about
only a year ago, the World Symposium on Humanity must certainly be a remarkable
achievement.
together people of different faiths, philosophies and lifestyles
Lou Reed out of control
From PF 3
good PR. man
for me but I just wish he'd find
something else to be fascinated
with, like a dead butterfly.
PF: You don't like what he
writes about you.
It.: I didn't say that. I didn't say
I like it either. He's writing about
me and I think he should pay me
for the number of times he uses my
name.
PF: You're playing lead guitar
on your new album. . .'?
It.: You bet your fuckin' ass I
am! I've got a guitar that's so
good. IhadtwooldS.G.sand an old
Strat because the modern guitar
hadn't happened yet. But there's a
guitar out now called a Seagull and
there's like 50 of them and I got one
of them. Pure maple with a six
switch vari-tone, a splitter, a
phaser and a built-in pre-amp.
PF: Will you be doing mostly
new material or will you include
some older stuff?
It.: The last show went four
hours.
PF: So its a whole retrospect of
Lou Reed compositions.
R.: No we did a lot of stuff by the
Kinks. . .
PF: Yeah?
It.: No.
PF: Do you like the Kinks''
It.: That's not the proper word,
like I'm not into being a critic. In
other  words  three  stars  for  the
Kinks  and  two  stars  for  Randy
Baehman.
PF: Who do you enjoy'?
It.: i like top forty. Orleans had a
single out. You're Still the One, and
that's really great. I like to hear it
over and over. I like Ron Wood's
Now Look album. If he could sing
he'd be dangerous.
PF: Do you want to answer a few
personality questions''
It.: I don't have one.
PF: What?
It.: A personality.
PF: Do you find it hard to be
yourself in any sort  of a public
situation   because   of   the   ex-
peciations that people have?
It.: No. Not if you tell me in
advance what you want.
PF: That implies that if I tell you
what I want then you're going to
give me a certain image. But is
that image Lou Reed?
It.: To you.
PF: A lot of things have
capitalized on the bad boy image.
Does that piss you off?
It.: Oh no.
PF: Don't you feel like you're
stuck into a slot?
R.: Me, stuck? Into a slot? If you
were outside boy. . .! I think it's
cute don't you?
PF: It sells records.
R.: Sometimes it doesn't . . . who
cares! I don't think a good review
or interview sells records. It's all
in the grooves.
PF: You said that Sally Can't
Dance was tedious and sloppy. . . .
R.: That's why it was titled that.
It couldn't be more blatant. I
wasn't being oblique and nebulous.
PF: Yet it went top ten.
It.: Only because they over-
shipped it. And even if it did so
what? That doesn't mean I liked it.
But it had your name on it, Lou.
That's right. The situation was out
of control.
CINEMA 16 PRESENTS
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Feb. 7 The Goat's Horn
Feb. 23 Love
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Jan.
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Blue Blazes Rawden
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Jan.
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Northwest Mounted Police
Feb.
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The Far Country
Feb.
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Canadian Pacific Cariboo Trail
Mar.
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Back to God's Country
Mar.
28
Rosemarie
ADMISSION BY SERIES PASS ONLY
Tickets Available at:
All Duthie's Book Stores
Renoir Cinema       AMS Office, SUB   Each Series:
Film Society Office Rm. 247, SUB     Students/Staff   $5.00
Ph. 228-3698 General Public   $6.00
GENE WILDER   JILL CLAYBURGH
RICHARD PRYOR
12:40,  2:45,  5:05,
>SILVER
STREAM)
7:20,  9:40
Sunday
2:45,  5:05,   7:20,   9:40
Mature: Occasional
coarse   language.   R.  W.
McDonald,  B.C.   Dir.
■'liTiUTiM
918 GRANVILLE
685-543*
JlICKELODEOlf
G e neral: Occasion a
* coarse   language.   R.  W.
McDonald,  B.C.  Dir.
RYAN (TNI Al BURT REYNOLDS
12:30,  2:50,  5:10
7:25,  9:45
Sunday
2:50,  5:10,  7:25,
9:45
831   GRANVILLE
6 82-7468"
.v.t«**I"cscn,s
IT'S FUN TO BE YOUNG!]
12:00,   1:45,   3:45,  5:45,   7:30,  9:30
Sunday       2:00,       3:45,
5:45,   7:30,  9:30
Nudity,   sex   and
coarse     language
throughout.      R.   .,,  r.,u„ll(,
W.        McDonald,   ,51  CANAILLE
B.C. Dir.
Coronet
685-6828
-TfottyUaS "CONFESSIONS OFA DRIVING INSTRUCTOR"
ROBIN ASKWim ANTHONY BOOTH DORIS HARE
12:20,    2:05,   4:05,   6:05,   7:50,   9:50
Sunday   2:05,   4:05,   6:05,   7:50,   9:50
Some sex and suggestive dialogue.
R. W. McDonald, B.C. Dir.
Coronet
851   GRANVILLE
685-6828
ROGER CORMAN p
a,$Ufy ActAicoit tiu^jauZ''
7:30,  9:30
Mature
English
Sub-titles
Dunbar
224-7252
DUNBAR >t 30th
Confounding!
Sherlock Holmes unraveling the clues, Sigmund C^ Freud
unraveling the motives... on the fiendish trail of the Baron
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Sv  MATURE
7:30, 9:30
Sunday
Matinee
2 p.m.
CAMBIE  ai   I 8 r n
876   2747
7:30,  9:30
English Sub-titles
MATURE:
Occasional        coarse
language.        R.        W.
McDonald,  B.C. Dir.
Varsity
224-3730**
4375 W. 10th
Page Friday, 4
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, January 7, 1977 ."-V
- v* *<»
symposium
Fuller explains science
By GREGORY STRONG
This planet is a small ship and we are
born hungry, naked and ignorant and have
to find our way by trial and error."
Buckminster Fuller was the stocky wide-
shouidered world architect who spoke those
words in an address to a thousand persons at
the World Symposium on Humanity, held in
early December.
Fuller was a key speaker at the conference in the Hyatt Regency Ballroom as
he offered a series of practical solutions for
some of the world's problems and introduced the new science of synergetics.
The basis of his solutions was a
technological one and at one point in his
lecture, he was interrupted by a very
frustrated conference member who claimed
that Science didn't "know itself" implying
that it had been responsible lor causing
ecological damage and nuclear
proliferation.
Fuller is an eighty year old new
renaissance man and partially deaf. From
his position on the podium, behind the
television lights, he could not see where the
question came from. He stumbled on his
words, for he works without notes and the
question had broken his concentration.
At this moment. Fuller, who is one of the
world's great mystics appeared to be a
vulnerable old man with only the vitality of
a magnificent vision to sustain him.
When Fuller was finally told the question, he
replied that "Science was only knowledge
acquired through experimental evidence or
demonstrable proofs" and that this
knowledge could be used to make all of
humanity potentially successful.
Later in his speech. Fuller characterized
iittiie children as "true scientists" because
they search for experimental evidence;
tearing things apart "to find out what won't
tear" and because "they dare to make
mistakes which is the only way we learn."
Fuller began his experiments in structure
and design, forty-nine years ago at the death
of his only child when he became obsessed
with the question of what an individual could
do to help others.
He found his answers by refusing to accept what others had told him when they
said his ideals were a luxury and impractical and instead he relied on his own
wide experience to reason out his ideas.
The result was a succession of remarkable
inventions, from innovations in automobile
braking and safety systems which we use
today, to self contained plumbing units.
In 1928, he devided the Dymaxion House,
the first mass producible dwelling. Shaped
like a roofed cylinder and cast from
aluminum, it had a very effective central
heating system which could be reversed to
vacuum the floors. It could have provided a
low cost housing once put into production,
but no corporation ever attempted to build
them on a large scale.
Fuller devised the Dymaxion Transport in
1933 as a more efficient automobile and it
was a three-wheeled car built with a
streamlined airplane fuselage, could carry
BUCKMINSTER FULLER . . . "evolution
eleven passengers and easily reach speeds
of 120 miles per hour. It was nineteen feet
long, but could be easily parked because it
could be driven to the curb and then the tail
section turned sideways. The car had two
periscopes, was able to revolve in a circle
and got phenomenal gas mileage though its
design was never adopted by rival car
manufacturers.
At last Fuller realized he must attempt to
devise an invention that everyone could
adopt because of its simplicity and ease of
construction, but which would not have to be
provided by the large corporations.
He invented the Geodesic Dome in 1947
after concluding that the history of Man's
housing was based on dome-shaped
structures which could withstand equal
amounts of pressure and cubical ones which
had weak crossbeams and heating difficulties. He also reasoned that the essence
is trying very hard to make man a success."
of structure was the tetrahedron, or three-
sided pyramid.
This new science of structures, or of
synergism, was what Fuller explained to his
audience at the World Symposium of
Humanity. Synergism is the behaviour of
whole systems as unpredicted by their
separate parts.
Synergetics also represents an attempt to
find the most efficient technology in terms
of energy expenditures. A tetrahedron
represents the most efficient structural
model because it is the simplest - anything
with less than four corners would collapse.
The tetrahedron provides a model of the
chemical bonds in nature and it can be used
as a four-dimensional model of space with
its four sides representing height, width,
volume and time.
Fuller offered this model to provide explanations of all scientific laws, and as the
unit  of  structure   in   building   his   interim nguiated Geodesic Dome.
The thrust of his work is that we have the
technology to improve the living standards
of the entire world and yet provide this
energy by solar, methane, and kinetic
energies instead of our fossil fuels, or
nuclear power sources.
PF: Besides its structural qualities, how
is the geodesic dome related to your design
revolution?
F.: Well, questions of aesthetics in
buildings are absolute nonsense as far as
I'm concerned. I want to know how efficient
a building is and it if keeps people warm.
There are a hundred thousand of my
geodesic domes around the world; doing so
much with so little, they have been flown to
the South Pole, they've been flown to Mt.
Fuiji, they're ringing the north, all in places
where no other structure could stand before.
PF: How do you see any change in the
world as one of design and not as a political
one?
F.: Humans are making the greatest
mistake in thinking that they run the
Universe and thinking a political election is
going to say how things are going to come
out.
I see evolution as completely at work and
just in my lifetime, I have seen the whole
pattern of humanity change and never
under the aegis of anyone's direction. I've
seen it go from a time when the remotest
human being was six months away by the
fastest travel known, to where you can be
half an • hour apart. There wasn't any
telephones then and now we can be connected across the world in seconds.
We've doubled the life expectancy and
increased the living standard from one per
cent to sixty per cent enjoying a higher
standard of living than any king at the turn
of the century. All this has happened
because evolution has been trying very hard
to make Man a success in spite of himself.
PF: You have said that we should develop
a different kind of literacy?
F.: We may have a ninety per cent
literacy, but that figure is not in relation to
science which employs a language that is
non-sensorial.
I discovered synergetics through nature's
conceptual models and the ninety per cent
technically illiterate can understand science
through synergetics.
Only if you are ignorant do you have to
have a leader and that is how we've been
carrying on all these years.
Now I'm talking about bringing everyone
into the decisions and then we won't need
leaders but because we will be well informed, we could spontaneously coordinate
our actions.
Never again can we say we're going to
elect this politician and then leave things up
to him. It's the way you and I act every
second and accept responsibility for
humanity.
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Share the Long Distance feeling with someone you love.(<< jTrans-Canada Telephone System
Friday, January 7, 1977
THE        UBYSSEY
Page Friday. S entertainment
Hutchison on the other side
By DAVE FRASER
To appreciate fully The Far Side
of the Street you have to understand right from the beginning
the kind of man Bruce Hutchison
is. You have to be aware, for
example, that he considers himself
to be only a mildly interested and
essentially dispassionate observer
of the affairs of man. He prefers
not to be directly involved in
situations of confrontation or
struggle but rather only to record
his impressions of these events for
the benefit of others who are not
BRUCE HUTCHISON
. a dispassionate observer
directly exposed to them but who
may be interested.
The Far Side of the Street
Bruce Hutchison
MacMillan of Canada [1976]
413 pp. [$15.95]
In Hutchison's view, man has
made little progress through the
establishment of political and
social systems and institutions and
he suggests that our "current
dementia" (meaning modern
technological society) is proof of
that view. For Hutchison, coming
to terms with life has meant a long
and painful process of self-
discovery mainly through his
environment, that is, nature. Only
within this context of nature and
the natural order have people held
any real significance for him.
Because most of the people he has
known do not fit easily into this
context, he has only seen them, he
admits, from the far side of the
street
Most of his memoirs, then, are
concerned with the Bruce Hutchison that the public knows. He
is the one who is capable of astute
political observation, whose
knowledge of people, places,
systems is renowned. Occasionally, though, there are
glimpses  of a  mind  touched   by
beautiful poetic images, a mind at
peace with itself and the environment in which it exists. Even
though the "private" side of his
nature does not receive full exposure in the book, these memoirs
are nevertheless entertaining and
insightful.
Politics and journalism are the
two areas Hutchison dissects.
During his long career he has
naturally met countless people in
one field or the other. His memoirs
are saturated with impressions
and anecdotes about the likes of
MacKenzie King, Grant Dexter,
F.D Roosevelt, Grattan O'Leary,
Louis St. Laurent, J. S. Woodsworth. Dean Acheson and James
Reston. John Dafoe, one time
editor of the Winnipeg Free Press
was "the greatest Canadian . . .
(he) ever knew intimately."
From him Hutchison formulated
some of his own political thinking.
For exampel, Dafoe 'and later
Hutchison) believed that a political
party was a ". . . nation within the
nation. It had its own secret laws,
rewards, punishments, and ethical
gloss, but its real purpose was the
aggrandizement of its power."
John Diefenbaker mesmerized
Hutchison with his tall yarns of the
pioneer West and his legal coups in
dusty courtrooms, or perfectly
mimicked the speech, idiom, and
mannerisms of St. Laurent,
Pearson, Pickersgill ..." Lester
Pearson was certainly more than a
one-dimensional character: ". . .
the laughing, carefree, often
bumbling Pearson familiar to the
public was not even half the total
man who, toward the end, had
come almost to despair of human
prospects." For Pierre Trudeau,
Hutchison seems to feel h. \e
warmth or real affection despite
describing him as "an electric
personality" and "that mystery
incarnate, who quite outshines the
drab Washington politicians."
For journalism buffs, Hutchison
talks at some length about
newspapers, editorializing, and the
power of the press in general:
". . . assuming an editorial
audience even as low as 10 per
cent, that minority colors the mind
pattern of any town and largely
determines the political mood of
the majority." Also he feels the
skill of editorializing is often
overlooked. Each editorial must
try   to   analyze   and   simplify
Film's kids charm
By GRAY KYLES
In amongst the giant apes,
television networks and Sherlock
Holmes mysteries which filled the
holiday movie screens, there is a
quiet understated film that is
winning audiences over not with
gimmicks but with warmth and
humanity.
The film is Small Change and it
is directed by one of the world's
finest film-makers, Francois
Truffaut. It is not restricted in
interest to only students, snobs or
the intelligentsia. It is for
everyone.
Small Change
Directed by Francois Truffaut
Dunbar Theatre
Truffaut began his career as a
film-maker in the late '50s with a
short film about a group of young
schoolboys who fall in love with an
older  woman.
The director followed this film
with The 400 Blows, his first
feature, which dealt with a 12-year-
old boy who finds himself
estranged from his family. It was a
great success and marked the
beginning of the French "New
Wave!'"
With these two pictures Truffaut
established himself as one of the
finest   directors   of   children,   a
reputation he reaffirmed several
years later with The Wild Child.
In Small Change he returns
again to the world of children and
presents a film so understanding of
the child's point of view that it's
almost impossible to believe it was
made by an adult.
There is no real story, instead
Truffaut and his co-writer Suzanne
Schiffman present a series of
vignettes centring around a group
of children living in a small town in
central France. We are given a
remarkable slice of life with which
we can all identify. There are
single-parent, battered, precocious
children and just about every other
kind of kid you could think of. They
are probably the most natural
children to ever grace the screen,
there isn't a Hollywood brat among
them.
It is Truffaut's talent to cut
through any pretence and reach
the humanity of his characters that
makes so many of his films great.
It is the particular strength of
Small Change.
Despite the fact that there is no
deep story or earth-shattering
theme in the picture it succeeds in
captivating its audience because of
the directors insight into the
human character.
Near the end he makes an impassioned plea for tolerance and
understanding   of   kids.    They
deserve as much respect and say in
their own affairs as adults do.
Truffaut focuses on most of the
children as they are experiencing
puberty. Many are entering a new
phase in life, adulthood is only a
few    years    away.
The film ends symbolically with
the first kiss of two youngsters at a
summer camp. Next year they
return to schools which will be coed for the first time. A new world
awaits them.
Small Change is not a major
masterpiece that will bowl you
over, even Truffaut acknowledges
that fact with hiff title. But it is a
warm, funny and deeply felt pean
to youth.
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THE OLD ROLLER RINK
Theatre Restaurant
135 West 1st St., North Van.
986-1331
JAN. 11-15
John Hammond
and
Ride
Admission
Tues.-Thurs. $3.50
Fri.-Sat. $4.00
COMING
JAN. 18-22
McClain & McClain
exhaustive   amounts    of   data
available on a daily basis.
Probably Hutchison's most interesting political perceptions are
summed up at the end of the book
in his self-formulated "laws."
Combining his own brand of humor
with what sounds like a recitation
of Confucian principles he arrives
at gems like: the Law of Inevitable
Contradiction which says that a
government elected on a specific
policy will do the precise opposite
on reaching office; or the Law of
Chronic Irrelevance which allows
the public's mind to be fastened on
the temporary and unimportant:
or finally the Law of Ultimate
Necessity which swings into action
"when someone, somewhere
conceives a workable idea just in
time to forestall imminent
disaster."Hisso-called "laws" are
riddled with cynicism and
hopelessness and afrer sixty years
of reporting these are the
characteristics that best describe
Hutchison's faith in the political
process
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Page Friday, 6
THE
UBYSSEY
Friday, January 7, 1977 Friday, January 7, 1977
THE
UBYSSEY
Page 11
In postal dispute
New twist introduced
By,PETER O'MALLEY
Canadian University Press
OTTAWA (CPA-CUP) - A new
twist has been introduced in the
long and bitter struggle over
mechanization of the postal
system.
Having decided to intensify their
open war against inside postal
workers threatened by
automation, and having lost
support from many major postal
users who are increasingly sending
their business to private carriers,
the top post office brass has now
decided to blame middle
management for the whole mess.
In a recent speech to the Third
Postal Users Conference, postmaster-general Jean-Jacques
Blais said the major problem at the
post office is not the Canadian
Union of Postal Workers, as
asserted by his predecessor Bryce
Mackasey. but "authoritarian
management" which forces the
union to take the hard-line stand it
has adopte-.
Telling his audience the post-
office is at the "make-or-break
point" and could go under if peace
isn't established. Blais announced:
New safe tried
From page 1
among volunteers. He will interview them to determine
whether taking the contraceptive
will affect the volunteers' level of
sexual activity, their psychological
behavior or relationships with
their sex partners.
"These tests were never done
when the female pill was being
developed." Warner said.
Th3 World Health Organization
is funding the project for two years
at a cost of $52,000. It is funding
similar tests in Hong Kong,
Thailand, South Korea, India and
Mexico.
"Weha ve to cool the conflict. Back
off from confrontation. Restore cooperation, employee morale and
productivity. We can do this only
by lessening the need of the union
to coerce. How? By making
management less autocratic."
Focussing his attack on middle-
management, Blais said the post
office has "a different tradition in
management than most industries" stemming from the large
number of service men who took
jobs in the post offic3 after the war,
creating a "semi-military atmosphere" which was highly
"regimented."
"But a new generation has come
into the work place, a postwar
generation more independent,
better informed and more
demanding" Blais said,  and  the
solution to the postal war doesn't
involve denying this fact, or trying
to bust the inside workers union,
which Blais called "indispensable"
and "a fact of life."
"We'll tackle the problem where
it began," he said "in a system
that's still authoritarian despite an
enlightened attitude at the  top."
According to a CUPW
spokesperson, middle-
management has engag3d in
confrontation tactics, and has been
involved in breaking of the
agreement signed last year
providing protection against adverse effects of technological
change. But they did so, the union
says, all in accordance with
policies and tactics dictated by the
so-called "enlightened" top brass.
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3 LOCATIONS
VANCOUVER
444 Dunsmuir St. (at Homer)
"just down froim the
Post Office"
681-3548
SURREY
10385 - 150th St.
"across from Woodward's
Service Station, Guildford"
585-1022
VICTORIA
614 Johnson St.
(at Government)
388-5933
ch\R(;f\
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THE        UBYSSEY
Friday, January 7, 1977
JAN. 3-15 YAMAHA AUDIO
DEMO-CLEARANCE
Save up to 30% on
O YAMAHA AUDI
Stereo equipment
DYNAMITE SAVINGS
Save on high quality Yamaha Audio speakers,
amps, turntables, receivers, tuners and cassette
decks. Get Yamaha Audio's unbeatable
5 year parts/labour warranty*
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