UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 27, 1990

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Array the Ubyssey
Why go
home You
just have to
come back.
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, November 27, 1990
Vol 73, No 24
National campaign against sexism
by Rick Hiebert
VANCOUVER (CUP) — The Canadian Federation of Students is
organizing a national week to work
against sexism in Canadian colleges and universities next month.
CFS is calling for a "week of
reflection" from December 2 to 9 to
commemorate the anniversary of
the murders of 14 women at
Montreal's Ecole Polytechnique
last December 6. It is also an effort
to heighten awareness of violence
and discrimination against women
on Canadian campuses.
CFS chairperson Jane Arnold
said, "Over the past year, we've
seen a number of cases of violence,
certainly not like what happened
at the Polytechnique last year.
"Certainly what happened at
the University of British Columbia
recently (where 300 women in a
residence received threatening
letters from male residents) is a
prime example. Those things are
happening across the country and
the week is designed to work
against that."
Arnold saiduniversities across
the country are already planning
vigils, seminars and educational
workshops for the week.
CFS is making posters and
circulating work kits for student
groups to use. They are making
ribbons reading "A Time to Remember, A Time to Change" for
students to wear.
They will send ribbons and a
letter to every MP and hope that
Mary Collins, the federal minister
for the Status of Women, will speak
on the anniversary ofthe shootings
in the House of Commons.
The chairperson of CFS' na-
AMS slates:
combo 1 or 2?
by Martin Chester
For the first time since the
mid-70sUBC students will be able
to choose between at least two
slates of candidates for the next
AMS executive elections.
AMS coordinator of external
affairs Jason Brett has helped organize one slate called the Unity
Group. Consisting of several Student Administration Commission
members and two student council
the Unity
promises a
united executive.
reason we
came together is
we're all
sick of the
that is going on up
here and of
people who
don't know
how to behave in an
role," Brett
Brett will be running for
president with SAC members
Shawn Tagseth and Ranjit Bharaj
running for vice-president and director of finance respectively, SAC
secretary Martin Ertl for director
of administration and Science rep
Kelly Guggisberg for coordinator
of external affairs.
Brett said the advantage ofa
slate is that students are offered
groups of people who can work
together, but are not parties which
students will only have the option
of electing as groups. They can still
vote for individual candidates.
Ertl explained,"We've seen
this year, the problems when the
tional women's committee Kelly
Abysinghe said the idea for the
week was a result of "a lot of frustration and fear" among female
CFS activists.
"The Montreal massacre was
very possibly one ofthe single most
important things that has happened on campus. It has created
conditions on campuses that hadn't
existed in a while," Abysinghe said.
"Active feminists on campus
were experiencing a backlash as a
result ofthe massacre. We also felt
that people weren't understanding
what feminists were saying as a
result ofthe massacre."
She said there areconnections
between what had happened in
Montreal and what is happening
to women in the classroom, workplace and society in general. Marc
Lepine's 'hit list,' for example,
contained the names of the first
female students in several
Universite du Quebec a Montreal
faculties and prominent women in
"I think the events taking
place after the massacre clearly
illustrated to us that we weren't
overestimating what was happening," Abysinghe said.
At the University of Victoria, a
feminist activist received a death
threat reading "Be prepared to be
raped andkilled. Marc Lepine lives."
At the University of Toronto,
engineering buildings contained
graffiti, signed Marc Lepine, saying things like "Kill all the feminists or 111 kill them myself."
Not all feel that linking the
events of last December to CFS'
current campaign isnot appropriate.
AMS vice-president Johanna
Wickie said, "I hate seeing someone use something as horrible as
those grisly murders used as a vehicle for somebody's cause.
"Striving for equality for
women on campus is something
that should go on every day, not
just for one week," Wickie said.
"How could you associate an execution style killing with sexist comments and attitudes? They're two
different extremes."
"I'm sorry that people may not
want to connect (the killings) with
the larger issue of women's equality and how women are treated,
but it's fact," Abysinghe said.
"People are going to have to
face it because only by people facing that reality are we going to be
able to do anything about it," she
Blackout strikes again
executive doesn't get along with
each other. We're not going to have
a soap opera in The Ubyssey,"
Bharaj said of the Unity
Group: "They're a group of people I
know, and I can work with. It
seemed like an ideal way to present
The second slate which is tentatively called the Progressive
Team, has notfinalizedits makeup,
but will draw from present council
Kei ster
"we're just
hoping to
deal with
the issues,
not with
personalities. We
want to
bring new
faces into
the AMS
and give
people an
alternative to the
1      Brett
U said slates are neither legal nor
illegal, they simply are not mentioned in Code and Bylaws.
"There is nothing on it either
way, and I don't think there could
be because how could there be anything against a group of people
sayi ng 'yes, we can work together,'"
he said.
"Back in the '70s they had basically a party system,"he said. He
explained that AMS politics were
divided between the extreme left
group called Human Government
and the moderates.
"From the stories I've heard it
was much more exciting than what
we have now."
UBC was hit by a blackout
for the second time in as many
weeks when lights throughout
the campus went out Monday
The electrical failure
started when a circuit breaker
tripped as workers were
switchingback to old equipment
which had been repaired after
the first blackout last Wednesday, according to plant operations director Chuck Rooney.
The two and one half hour
failure spread throughout the
campus with the exception ofa
few buildings such as the University Hospital and the
TRIUMF research station.
Although major buildings
have emergency generators
that will keep essential things
going, Rooney said that smaller
buildings went without light.
He also confirmed that
people may have been trapped
in elevators, stalled by the
blackout, for up to an hour as
they waited for electrical technicians to arrive and unload
them manually.
Last Wednesday's blackout
was caused by a blown transformer.
"We've had a few campus
wide outages of that sort, but
never twice in two weeks,"
Rooney said.
Rooney said that with all
the equipment back in place,
the chances ofa third blackout
in as many weeks is slim. Classifieds 228-3977
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November 27, 1990 NEWS
Barricaded squatters defy pol
by Graham Cameron
In a flashback to Oka, over a
dozen squatters tensely await the
Vancouver police from behind a
line of barricades situated on the
East Side of Vancouver.
Centred around the row of six
squat houses on Frances Street
near Commercial Drive, a group of
militant squatters have ignored a
recent court injunction ordering
their eviction. Instead, they have
taken the initiative, barricading
one side ofthe street with a wall of
concrete, furniture and other debris. In addition, they have also
fortified one ofthe six houses.
In the face of various psychological tactics on the part of the
police—similar on a smaller scale
to the ones used by the army at
Oka—squatter Huw Jones said:
"Morale is pretty good right now.
Our people are feeling pretty good
because we've been able tohold the
barricades for a whole day."
Asked whether the squatters
are prepared for a long confrontation with the police, Jones said, "In
a way we haven't expected it, but
now people are prepared for it.
"There was some dissent, some
problems last Friday," he added,
"but now we are pretty much
agreed on how things should go, on
how we should conduct ourselves."
When asked what kind of tactics the squatters would adopt in
response to police actions, Jones
said, "It depends on what the police decide to throw at us. I mean,
if they decide to use armoured personnel carriers like the army did,
we don't stand a chance.
"We're not into personal violence. We do not believe in physically harming other human beings, at least that's the stage we're
at now," he said.
However, Jones emphasized
that he felt the squatters have no
choice but to take a stand. "Some of
our people, if forced to leave these
houses are going to end up on the
street, it kind of makes their options pretty limited."
"What we're doing is crazy,"
he added. "Nobody should have to
do this to defend their homes."
Squatters and press mingle as a fire rages behind the barricades erected
by squatters on Frances Street on Vancouver's East Side last Friday.
Students deadbeats, report says
by Michael Booth
A story on student loans in
the November 19 edition of B.C.
Report magazine has Jason Brett
seeing red, and it isn't the ink in
the ledgers.
Brett, the AMS coordinator of
external affairs, said the story
"gives people a pretty bad impression of what your average student
is all about. It insinuates that
students on student loans are trying to beat the system—are
"deadbeats' to use their word."
The story describes the B.C.
student loan program as "so badly
constructed that it does nothing
to encourage students to pay their
own way through college."
B.C. Report claims that one
in six students default on their
stu dent loans and leave taxpayers
to pick up the costs.
However, Brett disputes the
numbers cited in the story and
said he believed that they indicate students are a good risk.
"They say around one-third
of students receive federal loans
and that one in six default. In
other words 5.5 per cent. Then
they say that 35 per cent of that
money is later recovered.
"I interpret their figures to
mean that 96.4 per cent of all
students are good for the cost of
their education. They seem to say
that this is a problem. I haven't
checked with the Bank of Montreal
but that seems to be a pretty good
The story in question alsoim-
plied that students under B.C.'s
loan program were not inclined to
work during the summers. It
quoted an unidentified loans officer who said that "a student who
does nothing all summer, and
shows very little academic interest, is still eligible to have his
expenses paid by the public."
Brett said this is an unrealistic situation for university students.
"I don'tknow of any students
who go intentionally unemployed
over the summer and I would be
willing to bet that most of them
work a hell ofa lot harder than the
senators whose work isn't documented at all and still receive 70
grand," he said.
Although Brett disagreed
with the implications ofthe story,
he did not discount it completely.
"I have to agree that the article is right and that there are
problems with the student loan
program but I don't think this
story highlights the real problems," Brett said.
Valley's future pondered
Your morning cup of coffee
backs death squads in El Salvador
by Kathryn Scharf
The profits from that apparently innocuous cup of coffee you
are drinking may be helping to
fund the death squads in El Salvador, according to two speakers who
recently addressed UBC students.
Ricardo Chacon and Heather
Neun explained that, while the
decision to buy one brand of coffee
over another may seem of trivial
importance from our standpoint,
for the workers who produce the
coffee we drink, the consequences
may ultimately be profound.
"Between 1979 and 1990, the
money from coffee sales has helped
to maintain the death squads and
army which have been responsible
for 76,000 deaths," said Chacon, a
Salvadoran living in Vancouver.
It is the small group of families who control most of the land
and coffee production who finance
the death squads in order to terrorize the population of El Salvador into acceptingthelandlessness,
poverty and illiteracy with which
they must live, Chacon said.
"The fourteen families' benefit from coffee profits, not the
poor," said Chacon, explaini ng why
coffee-pickers welcome the boycott.
He indicated that while these
workers feel they have little tolose
from a decrease in coffee sales,
The following coffees
On the other hand, the
brands contain Salva
following brands do not:
doran beans and are
being targeted by the
• Lucerne: Edward's
Canadian boycott:
• Nabob
• Murchie's
• Nestle's: Nescafe,
• Bridgehead (produced
MJB, Hills Bros.,
by Nicaraguan co
Taster's Choice
operatives and avail
• General Foods: Max
able on campus at the
well House, Sanka
Grad Student Society
• Proctor & Gamble:
and the Global Devel
opment Centre)
they are willing to endure any
short-term hardship that an effective boycott would produce.
"We do not want to continue
paying for the death squads with
our labour," said Chacon.
They hope that in the long
term, the pressure ofa boycott will
encourage the growers and the
government to negotiate an end to
the civil war in El Salvador and to
deal with popular demands for a
more equitable distribution of
wealth and a re-orientation of agriculture to include more subsistence crops.
Heather Neun, spokesperson
for the B.C.-El Salvador Support
Coalition, elaborated on the aims
of the boycott.
"The boycott has two objectives," she said, "to educate North
Americans and Europeans about
the situation in El Salvador and to
place direct pressure on the coffee-
growers and the government."
The government is a legitimate target, Neun said, because it
is complicit in the operation ofthe
death squads. It is also vulnerable
to a boycott, since a large part of its
export revenues are derived from
coffee sales.
Individuals in the upper echelons ofthe army, government, as
well as the death squads, will also
be affected because of the overlap
by Ross McLaren
loggers chop down old growth
forest in the Tsitika Valley,
environmentalists and natives are meeting separately
this month to consider future
protest actions.
Natives are furious over
a recent BC Appeal Court
decision to allow logging to
continue in the Tsitika Valley, near Sayward, and have
not ruled out violence to press
their land claim in the area.
Environmentalists, on
the other hand, will wait until
the Natives decide on a
course of action before determining the future role ofthe
Friends of the Tsitika protest camp.
Victoria McAllister, a
member ofthe Friends ofthe
Tsitika, said "we'll wait
and see What the Natives'
approach is. If it sounds like
they want to support the
camp that's fine, but if the
natives want to take a different approach we'll be supportive pf that as well."
Twenty-seven people
have been arrested in the
Tsitika for blockading the
road or interfering with logging in the past month.
a Environmentalists are
opposed to logging in the valley because it is the last par
tially unlogged old growth
watershed on the east coast
of Vancouver Island. The
valley is also home to Robson
Bight, an internationally renowned marine area where
killer whales rub themselves
on sandy beaches.
Macmillan Bloedel has
clear cut hundreds of acres of
old growth forest in the upper
Tsitika Valley and now plans
to clear cut in the lower
Tsitika close to Robson Bight.
Officialsfrom the logging
giant were unavailable for
Natives ofthe Tlowitisis-
Mumtagila band argue that
the Tsitika is a sacred area
and say the valley is to the
Natives what the Garden of
Eden is to Christians: the
place where their people began.
Meanwhile, forestry
companies are gearing up to
log oldgrowthforestsin other
areas ofthe province including Shark Creek near
Clayoquot Sound and the
Walbran Valley adjacent to
Carmanah Valley.
Fletcher Challenge has
received a road building
permit for the Shark Creek
area, but according to the
Friends of Clayoquot Sound
no work had begun as of late
in the elites within these sectors,
Neun said.
President Alfredo Cristiani is
himself a large coffee estate owner
and was handpicked by Roberto
D'Aubuisson, the former army
commander widely acknowledged
to be the "father" of the death
squads, to succeed him as leader of
the ruling ARENA party, she said.
Neun expressed the hope of
boycott organizers that "once Canadians and Europeans are aware
of these connections, they will
pressure their governments to discontinue financial and other forms
of support to the Salvadoran regime." She pointed to the recent
vote by the US Senate to cut military aid to El Salvador by half as
an example where public protest
has contributed to a shift of sorts
in government policy. "Foreign aid
must be tied to a demonstrable
commitment to respect for human
rights," she said.
Both Chacon and Neun urged
UBC students to follow the lead of
the Canadian Federation of Students (of which UBC is not a member) in resolving to support a national boycott and to stop the sale'
of Salvadoran coffee at campus food
"This could be your way of
demonstrating concrete support for
the people and students of El Salvador. Students there are at the
centre of the struggle for change,
and as a result they bear a tremendous burden in terms of brutal and
systematic repression," Neun sai d.
November 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/3 The Chinese Varsity Club Presents
December 19, 1990.
Hyatt Regency Hotel
655 Burrard Street.
Past inspires future of teaching
forking For timing _
School District No. 57 (Prince George)
invites you to join in
Working for Learning
British Columbia's
Northern Capital
Prince George School District is one of British Columbia's
largest and most progressive school districts. We are anticipating vacancies for teachers at all levels for the 1991 -92 school
Representatives ofthe distria will be interviewing on campus
in February.
Interested applicants are asked to obtain an application form
from the Canda Employment Centre in Brock Hall. Deadline for
applications, January 11,1991.
F I SCHOOL DISTRICT No. 57 (Prince George)
(\—i | 1894 Ninth Avenue, Prince George, B.C. V2M 1L7
111    I JI Telephone: (604) 564-1511 Fa*_:(604) 564-4439
by E. Griffith
New computer technology
could help higher education by replacing impersonal lecture halls
with interactive course-ware according to UBC Business professor
Michael Tretheway.
In a presentation November 6
to the Association of Universities
and Colleges of Canada, Tretheway
proposed a national higher education funding agency "devoted to
encouraging and financing innovations in teaching technologies."
"Higher education in Canada
is provided using a thirteenth century technology," Tretheway said.
His goal is to produce interactive programs capable of teaching
not only facts but also critical
"The technology is brand new,"
he said. "It's not going to be developed by mainline university technology. The program must anticipate screw-ups and guide the student by Socratic method to adopting a new reasoning approach.
"The lecture method conveys
facts. The Socratic method conveys
"People might think (automation) removes the human element
from education. But that's already
gone. Profs today don't have the
patience to use Socratic method—
there's too many students, their
priority is with research, their
breakfast doesn't agree with them."
There is debate over whether
programs couldbe devised, and over
whether they would be useful.
Associate professor of Social
and Educational Studies Science
Charles Ungerleider said interactive video, in which the viewer
chooses courses of action, is "not
particularly good in things where
there isn't a finite set of answers.
It's not as good at analyzingreason-
ing, where i nteractions are crucial."
The important effects of human interaction are not disappearing in classrooms, he said. "It isn't
the case in our programs. There's
quite a bit of interaction. I'm skeptical (that computers could achieve)
the ability to diagnose reasoning
process. So far people have been
much better at teaching, and easier
to relate to."
Dean of Education Nancy
Sheehan adds that even if the techniques could be perfected "we have
to be careful about economies of
scale in educational programs. The
teaching material we use i s specific
to individual courses and profs."
There needs to be much more careful
study before trying to fund educa
tional innovations, she said.
Tretheway maintains that
therj are certain core courses that
are interchangeable among universities, such as basic algebra and art
history, which would be a potential
basis for an interactive program.
Tretheway said interactive
computer programs could also make
education more accessible.
"Education is a very labour-
intensive process. We need to become more productive in education
so it continues to improve universality," he said.
UBC Psychology professor and
educational software programmer
James Steiger cautioned that developing new teaching approaches
is "very, very time-consuming" and
that the competition involved coul d
lead to years of unpaid work being
wasted if a competitor creates the
program first.
"What Mike [Tretheway] is
proposing brings up a side issue of
'are universities going to consider
whatis valuable as work?' Unfortunately the people with the most
talentare mostly people at research
universities. If more prestige as well
as more centralized support were
given programmers it might work,"
Steiger said.
Parliament gets taste of own medicine
by Hugh Lindley
OTTAWA (CUP) — The sound of
fighter jets filled the air around
Parliament Hill November 10, as
protesters gave the federal government a dose ofthe deafening noise
the Innu of Labrador have to endure.
Organi zers ofthe protest didn't
actually have a CF-18 jet on hand.
Instead, armed with a powerful
sound system, they delivered the
recorded roar ofa low flying jet to
over 1,000 demonstrators.
The rally was organized by the
Alliance for Non-Violent Action to
protest NATO military training
missions over Innu land near Goose
Bay in Labrador. More than 7,000
flights are conducted every year
over the area.
The demonstration on the Hill
was relatively calm compared to
the protest in front ofthe Department of National Defence headquarters three days later.
Over 300 people took part in
the non-violent demonstration November 13. Demonstrators blocked
entrances and splashed red dye on
the walls of the building. Police
arrested 116 demonstrators.
Some protesters came from as
far away as Halifax and Windsor,
Ontario, to take part in the demonstrations. Many had taken part in
protest walks that began on September in Ontario, Quebec and the
Atlantic provinces.
The low-level flights, which
sometimes dip as low as 30 metres
from the ground, have been linked
to miscarriages among Innu women.
The Innu people say hunting
has also been affected. Hunters often return empty-handed because
caribou and other wildlife flee at
the sound ofthe jets.
Speakers at the Parliament
Hill demonstration called for solidarity between native people and
other Canadians against low-level
flights and native oppression.
"You find out that the majority
of Canadians are still on our side.
They support the First Nation
people," said Conrad Sioui, Quebec
regional chair of the Assembly of
First Nations.
In his speech, Sioui referred to
last summer's 77-day Okastandoff,
which some said would hurt support for native rights.
He said the result has been the
opposite: Canadians have increased
their support for native people.
Jacki Ashini, an Innu woman
who lives near Goose Bay, said the
Kanasatake conflict has had an effect on attitudes toward natives.
"People across Canada have
realized that we've been fighting
for a long time, and I think it's time
they stood up with us," she said.
"We believe that the Innu have
the right to say what type of life
they want to have, to preserve their
traditional culture which is hunting," said Joseph Zarate from the
Canadian Alliance in Solidarity
with Native People.
"When these jets fly over you
there is no warning," she said. "It's
like an explosion, for a few minutes
you don't hear a thing, then there is
a ringing in your ears and your
heart pounds."
On many occasions Innu people
have taken steps of their own to
prevent the low-level flights. Last
year, Ashini stopped jets from taking off by laying down on jet fighter
runways with other Innu women.
Before the peace walk started
in September, Ashini spent five
weeks in a Newfoundland prison
for her part in the incident.
"It was incredible going on the
tarmac and seeing jets just turn
right back, for me it was a victory,"
she said.
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Robert Redford       Melanie Mayron Elias Koteas Colleen Dewhurst        Hume Cronyn
November 27, 1990 CUP
Homophobic schools repress
by Jeff Harrington
When Tom was back in junior
high school, the peer pressure was
at its worst.
"If someone called me a fruit,
I'd go home and find my most macho clothes and put them on," he
Now a senior at a high school
in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, he
considers himself a minority within
a minority: a young gay person
with a positive view ofhis sexual
Tom is not his real name.
While his family and friends know
he is gay, coming out at his "extremely homophobic" school is
simply not an option. Atleast not a
healthy one.
Ironically, he is seen by other
students as a womanizer. But he is
not about to let on he has not really
had a girlfriend since grade nine.
"The moment you walk
through that door, you have a chal -
lenge," he said. "You have to be a
jock to succeed. You can't just have
a girlfriend, you have to have X
number of girlfriends."
After consoling himself for
years with the thought his homosexuality was "just a phase," Tom
came to terms with himself in grade
10. But what is high school like for
students who are simply terrified
they may be lesbian or gay?
"I think it would be pure hell,"
he said.
On the rare occasions when
people talk about how much ofthe
population is homosexual, the figure often per cent is often bandied
about. But sexuality is not exactly
cut and dried. In her 1988 book
Often Invisible: Counselling Gay
and Lesbian Youth, Toronto psychologist Margaret Schnei der cited
a 1980 study that estimated almost 40 per cent of adults are either homosexual, bisexual, or have
had same-sex contact or feelings
at least once.
But the historical fact (and
present reality) of homosexuality
does not often make it through
society's heterofilter.
J.C. Aucoin of the Gay and
Lesbian Association of NovaScotia
(GALA) sai d "gay people only exist
on the news once in a while in a
protest or on Oprah Winfrey. Everybody tiptoes around the subject
if they deal with it at all."
The Halifax School Board
would rather not deal with it at all.
Last week, the board refused to let
a university radio reporter interview students and staff at two city
high schools about lesbian and gay
City education director Gordon Young said "there are certain
things that are not perhaps age—
or culturally appropriate—this
would certainly be one of them."
Young said the "insensitive"
request might put students in an
"uncomfortable" position with their
But Chrystn James, the reporter at Dalhousie station CKDU
who submitted the written proposal, said lesbian and gay high
school students are already in an
uncomfortable position.
"We don't really have a place,"
he said ofhis years in schools on
Nova Scotia's South Shore. "Unfortunately, if I had questions about
being gay, I couldn't go to my best
friend or Joe down the hall, because I might get my head kicked
He certainly did not find any
answers in the classroom, where
except for the odd reference made
by a teacher, the curriculum is
sanitized ofthe subject.
Not so the hallways and
schoolyards. Fag, queer and dyke
became the insults ofthe 80s, aimed
at anyone, gay or straight, whether
they remotely fit a stereotype or
"If someone got on your nerves,
the first thing you called them was
a fruit," James said.
GALA's Aucoin said that long
before students really understand
what sexual orientation is, many
have already formed a hostile attitude toward homosexuality.
"They have this concept that
this category, whatever it actually
means, is sinful, hateful and in
some cases illegal," he said.
"I was accused for years and
years of being this kind of perverse
human being," James said. "And I
denied it for years and years, because every mention of it was
The incessant "propaganda"
works, Aucoin said. He cites studies in New York and Winnipeg
showing lesbian and gay youth to
have a suicide rate three to five
times that of straight kids. The
Winnipeg study, done earlier this
year by the city's Gay and Lesbian
Youth Services Network, found
two-thirds of those studied had
considered suicide and most wished
they had been taught something
about homosexuality in school.
Jacqueline does not seem like
the suicidal type. In fact, one of her
friends says she's "almost too well-
adjusted." But the student at J.L.
Dsley High School near Halifax
admits she had ahard time accepting she was not "the norm."
"I was really paranoid. I
missed alot of school at one point—
I was really pre-occupied with it."
She says lesbians at her school
have a relatively easy time "because most times no one can tell."
"Eventually, it's almost becomes like a game," she said. "I'll
have a guy hit on me, and I'll sit
back and laugh: if only he knew."
But all is not roses for
Jacqueline. She toldherfather. He
kicked her out ofthe house.
"I'm just glad I di dn't come out
(to him) at an earlier age, because
financially, it wouldn't have been
She now lives on her own,
works, and goes to school.
Jacqueline thinks it will be
"quite a few years" before anyone
can come safely out of the closet
and walk down a high school hall.
In the meantime, she too would
like to see some education about
homosexuality—and more about
it on TV.
Aucoin agrees wholeheartedly
that what he calls gay-positive
information—facts—has to be
made accessible for students. The
only problem—homophobia
aside—is that controversy seems
to make a lot of people in Nova
Scotia, well, queasy.
There was the student group
in Windsor, Nova Scotia, that invited people to speak on lesbian
and gay issues. The principal refused to announce it on the PA
system, in case all the students
"got out of control."
Then there is the draft human
rights policy ofthe Halifax County-
Bedford School Board that can not
quite bring itself to say "sexual
orientation"—try "lifestyle diversity" on for size.
"Nobody wants any controversy; they don't want the flak
they assume wouldresult," Aucoin
Aucoin believes straight
people must start learning that
lesbian and gay people exist.
"How many kids know that at
least two Teenage Mutant Ninja
Turtles are named after gay men?"
Don't tell the school board.
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The perfect place to relax with old friends
or to meet new ones!
Lunch Service: Mon to Fri, 11am - 2pm
Live Concerts Every Friday Evening
Free Monday Night Movies
Closed on December 22 until January 7.
OPEN   11 am-11 pm Mon-Thurs
11 am-Midnight Friday
Students •Faculty •Staff
Nov. 19   23  Nov. 26 - 30, 1990.
Monday to Friday
SUB Main Concourse
November 27,1990
THE UBYSSEY/5 Applications are now being
accepted for positions on
the following University
This committee exists to assure that the optional $40
athletic recreation tee levy is allocated in the interests of
Applications will be available in SUB room 238 and must
be returned on or before December 20,1990 at 4:00 p.m
(People who have already applied need not apply again)
Annual Christmas Clearance Sale
Savings of Up to (■>()'( off regular price
Featuring racquets, shoes and clothing from
Full racquet stringing service available
at prices as low as ... $15.
Registration is now being accepted for the Adult Tennis
Training Program and our Junior Academy Tennis Program starting January. Please call for more information.
6184 Thunderbird Blvd.
Osborne Centre - UBC Campus
Adjacent to Tennis Bubble
(near the Winter Sports complex)
• 228-2505 •
T-Birds rebound against Bears
by Mark Nielsen
Could it be last season all
over again?
The UBC Thunderbirds men's
basketball team showed signs of
being unable to put together two
wins in a row—much like what
happened last year—over the
After losing 105-98 to the
University of Alberta on Friday
night, the Thunderbirds bounced
back to dump the hometown
Golden Bears 109-84 in Saturday's
UBC jumped out to a 60-30
halftime lead in the second game
as J.D. Jackson exploded for 42
points, while Al Lalonde chipped
in 22 and Jason Leslie canned 18.
UBC held Alberta's Rick Stanley
to 18 points and Brian Halsey to
16 compared to 27 and 22 respectively the night before.
UBC fell behind by as much
as 17 points in Friday's contest
and were never able to get closer
than  six  points  as the  Golden
Bears hit 61 per cent of their field
goal attempts.
Jackson scored 31 points in
the loss, followed by Brian Tait
with 18.
J.D. Jackson
Whether or not the setback is
an indication that the
Thunderbirds are falling back into
their bad habits remains to be
seen, however, because the season is so young.
With a pair of wins over the
University of Saskatchewan the
weekendbefore, the Thunderbirds
have three wins and one loss in
Canada West league play.
"They responded really well
to the losses, and I hope it will be
something that will teach us a
lesson," UBC coach Bruce Enns
UBC will host rival University of Victoria Vikings this weekend, beginning with a Friday night
contest at War Memorial Gym
starting at 8 p.m.
The scene shifts to B.C. Place
Stadium where the Thunderbirds
and the Vikings become the
undercard in the Hoopfest '90
basketball extravaganza.
While UBC and UVic tip off
at 4:30, NCAA champion University of Nevada Las Vegas faces
University of Alabama-Birmingham at 7:30.
Women bounced by Pandas
by Mark Nielsen
Instead of battling it out for
first place i n Canada West women's
basketball, the UBC Thunderbirds
may be facinga season of struggling
for a playoff spot.
The Thunderbirds did nothelp
their cause when they split a two
game set with the University of
Alberta Pandas in Edmonton over
the weekend.
Tack on a similar split of contests with the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies the weekend before, and UBC sits at a
tenuous 2-2 in league play.
Although a .500 won-lost
record may not be anything to
complain about, Thunderbirds
coach Misty Thomas said her
players have put themselves in a
"They (Alberta and Sask
atchewan) are two of the weaker
teams in the conference," Thomas
said. "We want to be fighting it out
with Calgary, Lethbridge and UVic
(the University of Victoria). To be
only .500 against two ofthe teams
that we need to knock off to make
the playoffs is a little disappointing. We've put ourselves in a difficult position."
The Thunderbirds started off
on the right foot when they downed
the Pandas 79-69 on Friday
evening behind a triple-double effort from Jana Jordan.
The UBC co-captain scored 22
points, hauled in 11 rebounds and
made ten assists. Elissa Beckett,
meanwhile, scored 14 points while
Devanee Peterson got 12 and Lisa
Nickle made 10.
A 24 point effort from Jordan
was not enough to make up for a
collective shooting slump the rest
ofthe team underwent on Saturday
night, however, as the
Thunderbirds fell 62-48.
UBC will host a pair of games
against the nationally ranked
University of Victoria Vikings this
weekend, tipping-off at 6:30 p.m.
on Friday night and 4:30 on Saturday, both games at War Memorial Gym.
A second fifth year player is
out ofthe lineup because of injury
after co-captain Val Philpot popped
a calf-muscle in a game against
Philpot is expected to be out
until January, while Alison Kent,
who went down with a knee injury
before the season started, underwent surgery last week.
DEC. 1, 1990 ^9°
Preliminary Game:
UBC Thunderbirds VS UVIC Vikings
Tickets Available at S.U.B.
November 27,1990 spoils
Brandon's Doug Roach stopped UBC centre Scott Fearns (14)
here but Fearns scored twice during two weekend games.
T-Birds battle inconsistency
By Michael Booth
The UBC Thunderbird hockey
team is first in their conference and
ranked fourth in the country, but
you would be hard pressed to find a
more inconsistent squad of their
Take this weekendfor example.
On Friday night, the visiting
University of Brandon Bobcats
scored two goals in the game's final
24 seconds to tie the T-Birds 7-7. As
if this were not enough, Brandon
dominated UBC in the overtime
session and the T-Birds were fortunate to get out of the game with a
single point.
However, in Saturday's game
the T-Birds displayed all of the
polish, maturity and discipline expected ofa top ranked hockey team
in recording a decisive 4-2 win.
UBC coach Terry O'Malley said
over-confidence was part of the T-
Birds problem.
"Although they didn't talk
about it, they didn't believe Brandon was a good team," O'Malley
said. "Then they had to find out the
hard way.
consider shared
for professional
"They (Brandon) have fast
skaters and they beat us to the
puck in our own end in the final 24
seconds. We got one point but we
were lucky to get that. They should
have won in overtime."
One bright spot for UBC on
Friday was the play of forward
Jay Barberie. Playingin his 100th
career game with UBC and his
first home game of the year following a pre-season wrist injury,
Barberie scored three goals tolead
all T-Bird scorers.
Forward Scott Fearns added
two goals while forwards Joe
Sobotin and Gregg Delcourt
notched singles for UBC. Brandon
right wing Dave Whistle scored
three goals and added two assists
andleft wing Dave Schettler scored
two goal s and three assists to pace
the Bobcat attack.
In Saturday's game, UBC
played more disciplined than the
night before despite taking a rash
of unnecessary penalties in the
second period. Brandon centre
Garth Johnson opened the scoring
with a breakaway goal early in the
first period. Less than a minute
later, UBC defenceman Scott
Frizzell crashed into the Brandon
net with the puck under him to tie
the score at one.
Fearns gave UBC a one goal
lead when he scored on a breakaway,
but Brandon centre Gary Gaudet
scored from a scramble late in the
first period to knot the score at two.
In the second period, T-Bird
forward Dave Cannon put UBC
ahead to stay when he scored a
powerplay goal through Brandon
goaltender Doug Roach's legs.
T-Bird captain Grant Delcourt
scored an insurance marker in the
With a 7-3-2 record heading
into the winter break, UBC is in a
good position to improve on last
year's third place finish. However,
the second half of the season will
not be easy as the T-Birds will play
the defending Canada West champion University of Calgary Dinosaurs four times.
In the meantime, the T-Birds
will compete in a pre-Christmas
tournament in Anchorage, Alaska
and in the Diachem Classic in
Winnipeg from December 28-30.
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To provide recent university graduates with an
interest in public affairs an opportunity to
supplement their academic insights of the legislative
process with practical legislative and administrative
Students who will have received a degree from a
British Columbia University by the program
commencement date.
Eiight interns are selected each year.
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, British Columbia
January 1 to June 30, 1992
$1,700 month
February 1, 1991
Program literature and application forms are
available from the Political Science Departments, and
the Student Employment Centres on Campus, at the
University of Victoria, Simon Fraser University, and
the University of British Columbia or from the Office
of the Speaker, Suite 207, Parliament Buildings,
Victoria, B.C. V8V 1X4.
November 27,1990
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Student Flights
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Toronto from $338 xmas $448
Ottawa from $418 xmas $538
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Prices subject to availability. Ask for other cities.
Xmas • Dec. 19 - Jan. 7. Other conditions apply.
ON CAMPUS - Student Union Building
for World AIDS Day
Friday, November 30
gather 4:30 at City Hall
rally at 5:00
Applications are now being accepted
for the position of:
for the 1990/91
school year
Applications may be picked up in
SUB room 238 and must be returned
with resume by November 30,1990 at 4:00 p.m.
(People who have already applied need not apply
For further information
call Johanna Wickie at 228-3092
Volley'Birds stuff Pandas
by Gwen Parker
The big challenge for the
women's volleyball team in each of
last weekend's matches against the
University of Alberta, was not to
fall asleep after the first games.
UBC faltered, but ultimately
passed the test, and added two
more wins to their record.
Alberta was able to take a
game from UBC in each match.
Friday's game scores were 15-4, 3-
15, 15-4, 15-9, and on Saturday
night, the Thunderbirds won 15-4,
13-15, 17-15, 15-8.
Although the match results
were similar, the level of confidence
and consistency on the court was
not, according to Friday's player of
the game, Sarah Cepeliauskas.
"The mental lapse we had in
the second game on Friday night
was what we have been trying to
overcome," the third year middle
blocker said. "On Saturday night,
the team came together, and some
different people had an opportunity to play."
Hard hitting Jenny Rauh was
named player ofthe game on Saturday evening. With fifteen kills, the
second year power hitter caused
some trouble for the Pandas in their
defensive play.
Coach Donna Baydock sai d the
Pandas have adopted a more complex service reception pattern and
rely upon a less powerful type of
attack. The Thunderbirds did not
have any serious problems adjusting to their style of play.
This weekend the University
of Victoria will host the
Thunderbirds in the last Canada
West match before Christmas.
With Victoria close behind them in
third place, a couple of wins for
UBC will solidify their second place
standing in the conference.
Men split with Golden Bears
by Matthew Clarke
The Thunderbird men's volleyball team continues to struggle
early in the Canada West season
as they split a two match series
with the University of Alberta
Golden Bears this past weekend.
On Friday night the T-Birds
built up a 2-0 lead in games only to
have their intensity andconfidence
disappear. They lost the last three
games and the match 3-2. Team
captain Rob Hill was a standout in
the T-Birds losing effort, including
six aces in his 17 service points.
The same scenario appeared
Saturday as they won the first two
games easily only to falter and lose
the third. Leadership from their
veteran players enabled the team
to snap out of what looked like
another third game mental lapse.
The T-Birds finished off the Bears
15-3 to win the match 3-1.
The offensive production was
shared evenly Saturday between
Steve Oliver with 15 kills and two
stuff blocks, Charles Hebert with
14 kills and three stuff blocks, and
Randy Wagner with 11 kills and
four stuff blocks.
Hill said the first two games of
both nights were similar and added
that he was encouraged Saturday
by the team's ability to regain their
focus and finish the match well.
"Last night we got into a tail-
spin and didn't pull ourselves out,
tonight we started that but were
able to pull ourselves out of it. That's
a small step towards where we want
to be," said Hill. "Randy Wagner
was instrumental (in the fourth
game Saturday.) He challenged the
team to achieve the goal of keeping
them under five points."
The diplomatic Hill also credited Bobby Smith for his steady
play and Kelly Cooksley for his
smart setting.
Head coach Dale Ohman said
he encouraged his players Saturday to employ the long float serves
which Hillfound successful Friday.
Ohman also insisted that the team
improve their service reception. He
benched those players who didthis
poorly but returned to his starters
at the beginning of each game.
This weekend's disappointing
split at home leaves the T-Birds in
fourth place in the Canada West
with a 1-3 record. They are the
only Canada West team, excluding
thelast place University ofVictoria
Vikings, who have lost at home in
conference play thus far.
The team now has a break
from competition until exhibition
tournaments in Toronto and Santa
Barbara after Christmas. With the
majority of their Canada West
season remaining, the T-Birds have
a chance to rebound from the inconsistent play which plagued
them throughout the fall.
Hoopfest Saturday
The UBC-University of
Victoria basketball rivalry is
taking on a new twist this year.
The Thunderbirds and the
Vikings will be playingeach other
at BC Place on Saturday night,
before US college powerhouse University of Nevada-Las Vegas takes
on the University of Alabama-Birmingham in the feature event of
Hoopfest "90.
As well, the finals ofthe BC
high school pre-season tournament will be played on Saturday,
beginning with the girls at 12:15,
followed by the boys at 2:15.
UBC and UVic tip-off at 4:30
pm and the UNLV-UAB game is
set for 7:30 pm.
by Paul Abbott
Steroids in football! Whoever
would have guessed? Not Frank
Smith or Bob Hindmarch apparently. And really, who would expect them to, dealing as they do,
only every day with the players. "I
had no idea obviously," said the
coach. "Ifyou ask a guy and he says
no, what can we do then?"
It's a good thing coach
Smith wasn't the judge ofthe
Manson trial.
I think it is pretty obvious to the general public that
steroids are used by some
football players, and for the most
part would think it safe to say by
more than one plaj'er per team.
You don't have to be Alex Trebek to
reali ze that a guy 6'2'weighing 300
pounds is doing more than eating a
lot of mashed potatoes.
Andy Sidhu is listed in the
UBC program as 6'2", 250 pounds,
and a quick look through the leaflet reveals more than afew of similar or even greater proportions. To
give these facts some perspective
the average weight of an adult male
of this height is 185 pounds, and a
240 pound man is heavier than
95% of males of this height.
6'2", 290 lbs; 6'0", 260; 6'2",
265; 6'2 255; 6'5", 300; 6'2", 250;
6'2", 255; 6'2", 260; 6'3", 255; 6'4",
It would be foolish of me to
declare, "men this size are on
steroids." It is obviously within
the realm of possibility that they
are drug free.   It is also obvious
that these are not men of normal
"There is no great reward playing for a Canadian college team;
the reward comes with playing in
the CFL," said coach Smith. Come
on Frank, how else does a player
get to the pros but through college
Aside from that, a varsity foot-
Technically foul
ball player gets more than a little
recognition and prestige in his own
right. These guys spend an extraordinary amount of time in the
weight room over the years leading
up to college tryouts. They love the
game, and they sacrifice a tremendous amount of time and effort to
get that far. To be told at this point
that they are 30 or 40 pounds too
light, and that they need to boost
their bench press by 70 or 80 pounds
is going to be a tremendous disappointment. It can only be called
willful blindness or sheer stupidity
on the part of coach Smith to make
statements of this kind.
"What each player has to do is
look inside himself and ask, *what
more can I do to help my team
win?"" This was Dave Hodge during Sunday's Grey Cup telecast on
VU13. It is a constant refrain of
sports reporting; he'll take that extra step, he's willing to sacrifice his
body to make the play.  These ro
mantic statements of hero worship
take on newmeaning when applied
to the steroid issue.
We don't tolerate losers. It is
inevitable in a society which affords competition such exalted
status. The steroid problem is part
of the fallout of a philosophy in
which only winners are given
praise, and losers are shunned.
Neither the media nor the
public cares for losers. Donald
Trump is in the news every
day, and locally it's Murray
Pezim. Our evaluation of
these people is based solely on
their financial success. We
really don't seem to care ho w m uch
of a jerk or sleazebag someone is;
how much money and prestige they
have is all important. i
"What really bothers" Bob
Hindmarch, director of UBC Athletics and Sport Services, "is that
in situations like this, one individual gives a black eye to 600 fine
young people, (on UBC varsity
It is saddening when someone
like Andy Sidhu is left twisting in
the wind by the football program
and the administration, and most
of all by the media and the public.
It reeks ofthe obscene hypocrisy of
the Dubin inquiry. We don't want
to rid our society of our cheaters,
but rather of our guilt; we want to
point our fingers at someone else.
The guilt of a nation, or even a
university is a heavy load for one
man to carry.
November 27,1990 inrms
First Nations
' Congress chair
Bill Wilson, First Nations
Congress chairman and a graduate of the UBC Law School, has
long struck me as an exceptionally
brilliant man. Even those of us
who disagree with his politics
must admire his tremendous
courage, honesty and wit. He has
kindly accepted my request to
share his thoughts and feelings
with UBC students in a public
He will speak to interested
members of the University community on Thursday, November
29, at 12:30 pm in SUB Auditorium on "Issues Affecti ng the First
Nations of British Columbia". I
have told him that UBC is still a
place where everyone is free to
speak the truth as they see it.
Kurt Preinsperg
AMS president
speaks again
Kudos to Paul Monkman for
once more enlightening us on the
Global Development Centre
(GDC), John Lipscomb, the universe and everything, without
once identifying himself as other
than Arts 4. So, for the record,
here goes: P.M. is a member ofthe
Debating Society, a few of whose
members appear to hate me, John
and the GDC. That said, it should
now be a little more clear as to his
concern with these issues.
It's amazi ngyou even got your
ditty published seeing how The
Ubyssey excludes factually incorrect letters. I really wish you
didn't have such a vendetta
against the GDC because of the
false assumption that we kicked
you out of the previously shared
office. The fact is that upon becoming a service organization, we
were allocated the entire club office although we didn't (and
weren't going to) ask for it. We
talked to a member of DebSoc
personally to explain the situation, but obviously he'd already
targeted us as "the enemy" and
didn't listen. Due to your misled
anger against the GDC, you've
retaliated by slandering the GDC
and John Lipscomb, accusing John
of a ridiculous "conflict of inte
tO sEe yOUr
agAIn ALil£,
brAJn al
SUb 241 k
est", and spurring on some ofthe
other AMS executives to take John
to student court. Now where to
begi n... I guess 111 tear apart your
November 14th letter in the order
that you wrote.
First of all, just because lam
John's "girlfriend" does not mean
that I can't think for myself or
that I am blind to seeing anything
at fault with him or the GDC.
John Lipscomb understands his
function as an AMS executive as
well as anyone could and has
promoted the GDC because he
supports "development" awareness which is critically lacking on
this campus and because the GDC
was being given a really bad rap
from some ofthe other AMS execs.
Second, the GDC is not here
to "preach" a "one-world gospel"
but to make students more conscientious about how "development"
affects EVERYBODY EVERYWHERE, even you. You've only
proved from your disdain and ignorance towards this important
topic just how essential it is for a
resource centre of this kind to exist
at UBC. I'm afraid I can't answer
to why we're "distinctly political
and one-sided" because I don't
know what you mean, but if you'd
like to explain please talk to me
personally. Moreover, for an apolitical DebSoc member, you seem
to have an abnormally acute interest in the GDC, our constitution, how we got our status...
Third, thank you for the hyperbole of the decade when you
wrote that "the AMS
Council...having voted to constitute the GDC a service organization has clearly overstepped its
legal and moral bounds"?!?! Very
true that the GDC stated it would
be self-sufficient and not request
a subsidy for the year. You are
awfully bold to accuse us of setting
out to do just that, based on a
mere rumour you heard (perhaps,
who knows, spread by you in another attempt to give us a bad
Fourth, our becoming a service organization does not give us
"a legitimacy we could never hope
to earn on our own." One of the
reasons why the International development Club (now the GDC)
became a service organization was
precisely because of its legitimacy
and its ability to serve students. I
don't know howyou can say thatit
accomplished very little whenyou
weren't even involved in it; it
proves once again your attitude
towards "development", for the
GDC had several things happening in the past years but you were
too blinded by ignorance to see the
posters or tables in the concourse,
Fifth, your name-calling of the
GDC is incredibly unfounded, but
ifyou have a criticism or suggestion for us, why not come and talk
instead of spazzing out in the columns of The Ubyssey? I'm saddened that you think we're just a
fashionable coffee house set, because in reality we are very concerned about he future of the
world, what with dilemmas like
the environment, prejudice, poverty, human rights, indigenous
peoples,...it's a shame that you
don't see the depth of these issues.
However, we have never tried
forcing our diverse views on anyone, so I don't know why you feel
as though we've twisted your arm.
Finally, the reason why I
didn't sign myself as a GDC
member is because I'm not the
spokesperson for it, just an individual speaking out.
Sabrina Hong
Arts 4
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November 27, 1990
THE UBYSSEY/9 Numb from the
seasonal blues
December is a difficult time for students. It is a time
where we have to beat out the people we study with all
year for top marks. It means full days and nights of Main
Library, stale air, cramming for exams you know nothing
about and killer all night essays. It means too much
caffeine, bad fast food and little or no sleep.
And then there are the other hassles. Your parents
want you home for Christmas, but the gang's going to
Mazatlan and you might not have enough cash. Time to
get the tune-up you've been putting off all year. And all
that fucking Christmas shopping. And inevitably the
relationship's on the rocks and there's all those friends
you haven't been spending enough time with. Christmas
parties on the same nights, gotta get those X-mas cards
Big Fucking Deal.
It's too easy, wrapped up in our own little worlds, to
remember that UBC is an extremely elitist place to be.
Don't like living in res? Well, there are thirty people
on the east side about to get kicked out ofthe only place
they have to sleep, so as not to "inconvenience" a land
developer, and it's getting close to freezing out there.
Multitudes of other homeless human beings sleep under
newspapers not so far from the university gates.
Yeah, yeah, we all know that it was zero degrees
Celsius outside last night, but more than a few people
slept out there. Are we just thinking about what to do for
the holiday?
Dreaming about goingback to real home cooking? We
can now run screaming from the cafeteria/Tortellini's/
UBC food we all loathe and despise. Oh, egg nog and apple
pie, ham and turkey and culinary delights galore await.
But as we complain about the food we are eating and
dream of better fare, there are those in our backyards who
dream of just bei ng able to eat. Demand at food banks has
never been higher.
Oh yeah, the traditional "Help Your Neighbour"food
drives are going on now, and they do help, but how much
is collected by these groups in January, when the wind
still blows cold, the rain still falls, and the hungry still
Of course, there are those poor fools we all talk about
while walking from our brand new cars to classes. Those
poor people soaking up our tax dollars in welfare money.
"Why don't those idiots get a job?" How quick we are
to judge when we have job interviews for which to
prepare. Of course it's a little easier when we have hot
showers to clean up in, nice clothes that impress, alarm
clocks to keep us timely, good food to keep us healthy and
warm beds to sleep in.
When its all over, we have the degrees we can hang
on our walls. Do we ever stop to think about the people
who dream of just finishing high school? How about the
people who cannot even read? University is a luxury.
There is a lot more responsibility that comes out of
making it to this university than getting through exams.
We have a responsibility to educate ourselves about the
people whom we do not see studying at Main library, the
people who can't even imagine what it might look like.
We have a responsibility to use the privilege we have
been given, often simply for being born in the right time
and place, and stop the injustices perpetuated by the
privileged few—ourselves.
the Ubyssey
November 27, 1990
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
A ma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staffand not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support of the Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228 2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
"I don't think that it won't work," said Michael Booth in revulsion as Graham
Cameron ran his fingers through his own hair and into his mouth, dragging behind
him the silent reproach ofa million tear-stained eyes. Nadene Rehnby painted a
picture of utter solitude, tainted with pessimistic transcendentalism. No one
understood, but in their hearts they knew that Michael Coury nodded to a different
tune. Fine, fine but it was Tuesday momingand already Mark Nielsen's artificial
limb's) could not be found. Tralala, interlude time. Effie Pow and Paul Dayson
discovered themselves in the spaces between their fingers but kept it to themselves.
Tralalala, Rebecca Bishopcould resist but she burst into songany way. She hit highs
and lows; we were all soimpre66ed. She's so important. Gwen Parker, John Manis
and Steve Chan fell grovelling into the floor, through her feet. Yggy King glowered
balefully and screamed much like the damned. Damn, damn.gteen eggs and ham.
Elaine Griffith raised the blade and made the change. Martin Chester summoned
the proper authorities. Kathryn Scharf found a plastic leg but kept it to herself; Bhe
was doing a commercial. Matthew Clarke roared and was never heard from again,
asidefrom themurm ur» under Paul Abbott's fingernails. Singit loud, singit strong,
Matthew Johnson put his mouth where it didn't belong. Niko Fleming, his pants he
was hemming. Hao Li said c'est la vie and climbed up a tree. Raul Peschiera grew
a bouquet of mutant artnouveau chrysanthemums purplepink of the symbolist
period. Profound, amateurfound. All those eyes looked but could not see; they were
crowding out George Oliver's human face. O what fate awaits Stefania Shorn, her
souvenirs turned towards a much looked over spot. Yukie Kurahashi climbs up the
walls, searching for the elusive Ombroach. Who's the mother, who's the father Don
Mah can not tell; he is too dose. Ernie Stelzer closed all his visible eyes, lay a finger
aside of his nose and found something good. Something really good. Almost too good.
So good that	
Rebecca Bishop  •  Michael Booth •  Martin Chester
Paul Dayson  • Mark Nielsen
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
^^     Letters may be edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
H     Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
Animal dignity
It woul d really make my
day if Keith Lockitch and
the rest ofthe UBC Students
of Objectivism would for just
ONE MINUTE take their
noses out of their Ayn Rand
books and glance at the real
world. Which includes:
testing mascara on rabbits
(resulting in hemorrhaging
and blindness), although it
has been proven by more
innovative cosmetic companies that this isunnecessary;
impaling live baby kangaroos on poles for sport in
Australia; starving factory
hens to force them into a
new laying cycle; driving
Geoffrey's cat and elephants
to the point of extinction for
the sake of fur coats and
ivory. Perhaps macque
monkeys cannot "reason" as
we can and therefore are not
as "glorious," but surely the
UBC Students of Objectivism would allow them a few
crumbs of dignity? I am referring to the Taub experiments ofthe 1970s in which
the animals endured such
psychological and physical
stress that they began to
chew off their own fingers.
(They were later released
after police raided the laboratory.)
It is hardly arguable
that we have behaved irresponsibly toward animals
and that for many species
their future looks grim. If
Keith Lockitch and his ilk do
not believe in legislation
protecting animals, how do
they propose to change the
situation? Surely he would
at least give animals the
right to be protected from
unnecessary pain and
senseless slaughter?
Anne Wittman
Science 3
Human dilemma
As a student performing experiments on laboratory animals, Ihave a strong
belief in the use of animals
in medical research. While I
feel I can justify this, I cannot, however, support the
indiscriminate infliction of
suffering on animals which
Keith Lockitch, in his Nov. 9
letter would seem to support.
His analysis of the
question is remarkably narrow-minded, based solely on
the assumption that humans, because of our unique
ability to reason, have dominion over the animal
kingdom. What he misses is
that humans also have the
capacity for com passion, an d
while "we do not judge animals as moral or immoral",
we do judge human beings
in this sense. Ethical concepts m ay not apply to them,
but they do apply to us. The
question is not a question of
the ethics and morals of animals, but of human ethical
and moral principles with
regards to animals.
If humans were entirely
rational beings, Mr.
Lockitch's view may well
apply. But we are not. Instead, we are emotional beings as well, who feel sympathy as we watch other
humans and animals suffer.
We don't disapprove of
apartheid simply because
black South Africans are
lucky enough to have the
capacity for reasoning.
Rather, we see their suffering and imagine ourselves
in their place.
In order to decide
whether animals do in fact
have rights, and decide what
these rights are, if any, then
we must find a balance between practical benefit, suffering, and moral principles.
Where the balance lies is a
matter of personal values
and cannot be derived from
philosophical idealisms.
Jeffrey B. Matthews
Graduate Studies
U Be Careful
Better be careful at
UBC. Better not make any
mistakes. Do not deviate
from the accepted line or you
shall be punished. If your
opinion or sense of humour
is not mature, not serious—
then be careful. It reveals
an innate evil (come on you
know the one). At UBC we
have to be serious. Yes serious—at all times. Liberal,
tolerant university students
—who, where?
Picture on the wall—not
very tasteful. Who defines
taste? The Serious People
(remember). Better get that
picture down. Better punish
that artist (slap in the face)
—she is wrong. The Serious
People wield power. They
have to because they are
right. Authority, legitimacy
—what, where? Must be serious at UBC at all times—
or you shall be punished.
Yeah there shall be retributions. Liberal, tolerant university students—who,
where? As the acronym of
the school suggests, U Be
Careful. Legal moralism—
guess so. Good thing someone is omnicient.
Chris Bardon
Arts 4
David Chivo stated in
his article of November 14
("Of Kuwait and Remembrance Day" in The Ubyssey)
that Canadian troops are
involved in the Middle East
as "part ofa United Nations
effort." This is true, but I
would like to add that the
UN sanctioned military
presence only after Canadian, British and American
troops had moved themselves to the Middle East, an
act which considerably aggravated—or initiated—the
If foreign armed forces
are going to be present i n the
Middle East, they should
operate strictly within
United Nations guidelines—
which they aren't. For example, the US-run "Imminent Thunder" operation, in
which Canada participated,
seems a deliberately provocative act. The nature of
Canada's role in the gulf is
(perhaps deliberately)
vague; moreover, the government is acting without
any consultation or debate,
contributing to the buildup
of military forces in the
gulf—and Mulroney has
promised to spare noexpense
to further Canadian armed
strength. Most irresponsible.
At this point I will state
the obvious: the Canadian
government is following, in
a nauseatingly sycophantic
manner, the example of the
US. Why? because Hussein
is a little Hitler? I think not.
Rather, the western nations'
precious oil must be protected.
The tension in the
Middle East is leading, irrevocably, to war. War is a
horrible means, and a drastic solution. Now, due to
overt American aggression
and the willingness of the
Canadian government to
follow that example, I fear
that it is unavoidable.
Charles Irish
Science 1
Insane Hussein
In The Ubyssey of November 16 John Lipscomb
wrote: "Why are we upset
about Iraqi occupation of
Kuwait when Israel occupies
the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip; when Afrikaners and
British occupy Azania..."
I can't speak for the
"we," but I can speak for
myself. The Israelis,
Afrikaners, British, et al,
don't pose a threat to world
peace, but I believe that the
Iraqis do. Saddam Hussein
has no compunctions about
matters like murder, using
poison gas on hi sown people,
and taking hostages. Iraqis
heavily armed with a combat-seasoned army equipped
with modern weapons.
Saddam Hussein is a very
dangerous man.
In my opinion it is very
important to keep Hussein
contained. Much more is at
stake than just Kuwait. The
experience of Europe with
Adolph Hitler before World
War II should not be forgotten. I don't think that the
US presence in Saudi Arabia
can be maintained indefinite ^ because that would
be t_ ■ expensive, in more
thanjustmoney. Everything
considered, people (especially young men who could
be called up to fight) have
good reason to be upset about
the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait.
Robert R. Christian
Dept. of Mathematics
November 27,1990 LETTERS/OP-ED
The dangerous decline of the newspaper
by Chung Wong
Reporters do not wait—it delays justice. They know journalism is bureaucracy's only major
No organization tackles more
injustices and concerns at once
than a newspaper. With reporters
always "pressing" to extract a
story to have it published quickly,
newspapers have found a formula
to conquer bureaucracy. Unlike
politicians, they have immediate
deadlines to ensure a group of
problems i s dealt with quickly and
effectively, for each reporter's
reputation is constantly on the
line. This breed lives on the edge.
In any city, a reporter is always in hot pursuit to nail a source
of injustice (No paperwork required).
They know they can make an
official react, a receptionist wary,
or an environment sensitive. And
officials know they have to answer or risk appearing irresponsible. (In fact, a new creature was
created—the communications officer—so officials wouldn't look
But inevitably—whether it be
the runaround or the cold shoulder—reporters are still given a
hard time when searching for concrete answers.
Bureaucracy will challenge a
reporter's skills.
Will the reporter succumb
tointimidation or indifference? ft*
Will the reporter give up? Or in ||
another typical scenario, will j:|
the reporter be soft on people i_i
who are nice?
A good reporter, hungry for
justice, will break through such
attitudes—even if it requires
playing hardball. It's all part of
the job. A journalist who is fed
news is not a journalist.
Friend, foe or stranger—direct questions have to be asked for
"specific" answers so "specified"
changes occur.
Those who claim "no story"
only enforce bureaucracy, mirror
ing their traditional counterparts:
politicians. Implicitly, they are
saying justice can wait.
Inevitably, mistakes will be
made, but ultimately a newspaper gets a job done—immediately.
The truth may get distorted—it
happens—misquotes may occur,
but in the end justice is served:
the questions were asked, the right
people were "pressed," and an issue was investigated.
Movement will happen.
Politicians can't compete
while in their cushy chairs.
Sadly, however, newspapers
are on the decline.
The recession has caused big
advertisers to cut back which reduces funding and consequently
editorial space. Less stories appear in the paper; sections are
now fused with other sections
(losing exposure); and we see film
reviews being smaller than their
ads. On many papers, we even see
ads inconspicuously on the front
But print journalists are doing nothing to compensate. Too
many journalists are sitting on
cushions of their success and recognition. We hear many acknowledging the superiority of
broadcast news (radio and
television): "It's quicker,
clearer, has more impact
(brings you closer to the scene)
and demands less from the public—a person has to read a newspaper."
It makes sense to go back to
hard core journalism, but these
people are choosing to ride on
Almost everything a Canadian knows at one point came from
a newspaper. Elut today, where is
the reporter who undertakes a
story which requires courage and
insight? Where is the journalist
who analyzes a situation and extracts significance? Where is the
inside story that came out of an
adventurous/dangerous investigation? Where is the story in which
the reporter had to put hi'm/her-
self on the line?
In today's papers, whether it
be stories from the Middle East,
features on the Mafia, or stories of
the socially destitute, we more
than often only find articles written by sheltered individuals with
big fears fed by people more than
willing to talk. These people
shouldn't be in journalism. Nothing will happen from what they
They feed off information
feeders—politicians, cops, officials—and write under the pretense that these events need to be
in focus; they write outside stories and call it the inside story.
Yes, newspapers will be
eclipsed by broadcasting. But the
current recession is not to blame.
Make it so
To Shawn Tagseth, re: his
letter in the Nov. 23 Ubyssey:
You do have a legitimate
question. To understand the answer, keep in mind the limiting
factors of transporter use: energy,
computer time, operator attention,
and danger.
Transporting an object, such
as 80 kg of Capt. Picard, requires
considerably more power and
computer time than having him
take a turbolift and walk through
a corridor.
Besidesthat, transporting an
object when neither the origin nor
the destination is a transporter
platform (ie. transporting from the
bridge to a planet's surface) not
only consumes more power and
processor time, but it also requires
more attention from the operator
and is much more dangerous.
Transporting the Captain
from the bridge to anywhere requires beaming him through the
Enterprise's intervening superstructure, again, increasing the
power, processor time and operator attention to compensate for
the interference. The risk factor
also rises. This is why people
usually beam down to someplace
outside, not inside a building.
Transporter rooms are specially
designed and positioned for
minimum interference.
What you suggest can be done.
In the unlikely event of F*icard
having to be somewhere instantaneously (more often required of
the first officer) he can be directly
transported there, but this is, for
the above reasons, far too impractical to do under any but the most
extreme circumstances.
Finally, a transporter with
the capacity for living beings is an
expensive and cumbersome piece
of equipment, far too un wieldly to
build into the bridge, where it
would be of dubious utility.
Of course, the real reason is
that transporter special effects
cost money, and having Capt.
Picard transport to the head and
back would probably confuse the
audience. But it is far more entertaining to come up with an explanation that is consistent with the
Star Trek premise.
Peter Tupper
Arts 1
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November 27, 1990
Anti-racism video draws criticism
by Jeff Harrington
HALLFAX(CUP)—Whileone white
student acts as a lookout at the
door, another watches as a third
scrawls "Down with niggers" on a
washroom mirror. They hurry off
down the hall.
Seconds later, two male stu
dents enter to do their duty. One is
black, the other white. Seeing the
graffiti, they stop in their tracks.
"Oh jeez, those guys are real
idiots!" the white student exclaims.
"They didn't have the guts to
say somethi ng like that to my face,"
says the black student.
"We have a serious problem
with racism in Canada..." intones a
disembodied voice.
So begins a new anti-racism
video funded by the federal Secretary of State. At a sneak preview at
an international education conference earlier this month, the credits
speaks on
Thursday 29th, November at 12:30 P.M
SUB Auditorium
had barely rolled off the screen before the bad reviews started rolling
"That video is unusable," said
Gary Warner, the international liaison officer at McMaster University.
Warner said the 16-minute
video is more a promotional piece
for Canadore College in North Bay,
Ont., where it was made, than a
generic presentation on racism everyone can use.
The video, called "Confronting
racism on campus," is aimed at faculty and administrators at high
schools, colleges and universities.
It features "dramatic recreations"
of four actual racial incidents, suggestions for faculty and administrators on how to react if such incidents occur, and comments by the
college's president, Garth Jackson.
Warner was one of several international student advisors who
said that the video is seriously
"I think they meant well, but
it's too superficial," said Elizabeth
Paterson, director of the international student centre at the University of Toronto.
"It would be interesting to see
a video that explores the issue in
more depth and doesn't imply that
solutions are quite so simple —just
do A-B-C-D and the problem is
solved," said Paterson.
Warner agreedthe video should
have dealt with the roots and history of racism.
"People have to understand it
is not just some phenomenon that
has appeared out of nowhere, that
it is buried in people's psyches, in
behavior we're not necessarily conscious of," he said.
Canadore's public affairs director Don Curry, who researched
and co-wrote the video, said the
video wasn't meant to explain racism.
"Hopefully if they're dealing
with these incidents, they've got
some of this background knowl
edge," said Cuny. "We're not going
into a long academic thesis on it,"
he said.
Currv estimated the video cost
about $25,000, part of a $50,000
grant from the Secretary of State.
The grant also paid for writing a
manual to accompany the video and
another on running "leadership
camps for high school students."
But Shirin Theophilus, a student advisor at Acadia University,
said the money could have been
better spent. She said many institutions have already put most of
the video's suggestions in place, but
the subtle forms of racism, which
are both more harmful and more
pervasive, are still alive and kicking.
And she insisted multiculturalism is not an antidote for
"You don't remove racism with
food fairs and ethnic dancing," she
The advisors were also concerned that all the "authority figures" in the video are white males,
except for one Asian female professor, and that all the visible minorities portrayed speak English with
little trace of an accent.
"Ifthis videois shown at Acadia,
I will strongly object. I think they
should start all over again," said
Curry acknowledged more
could have been done to portray
minorities in leadership roles, but
noted that, unfortunately, the video
was representative of Canadore
He said the "jury is still out" on
whether changes will be made to
the video, which will be available to
institutions for $30 when it is distributed.
"If we think it's necessary to go
back and reshoot some scenes, I
think well do that," he said.
Curry said he hopes to make a
second video next year on employment equity.
Make Canada
your business
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A management career with the federal Public
Service is your chance to move forward in the
country's most diverse professional
The Management Trainee Program can
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call us today at:
Programme de stagiaires
en gestion
Une carriere en gestion au sein de la fonction
publique federate represente la possibilite de
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diversifie au pays.
Le Programme de stagiaires en gestion vous ouvre
la voie de la reussite. Pour en savoir davantage,
telephonez aujourd'hui meme au :
Please contact your campus placement office
for details.
Veuillez communiquer avec le bureau d emploi de
votre campus pour obtenir des renseignements
Public Service Commission
of Canada
Commission de la fonction publique
du Canada
Novembei 27. 1990


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