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The Ubyssey Sep 20, 1979

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Array THE UBYSSEY
C
Vol. LXII, No. 5
Vancouver, B.C. Thursday, September 20,1979        <ag^48      228-2301
Ontario gets
active waste
— ben wong photo
THE GROUP OF SEVEN is not a Conan Doyle story. But if you want to become an Old Master in the world of art,
you can get your first Impressionists the Ojibway at the Imaginus art exhibition and sale. The art works are houses
in the SUB art gallery from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. until Friday. Limited edition prints of woodland Indian art are featured
this year with the others mentioned above and many more. How great thou, art.
Park tenants stay a mystery
By KEVIN FINNEGAN
It will be another eight days
before UBC finds out which companies will be conducting what experiments on the south campus.
The names of the companies, and
the size of the buildings they will
operate from, will be revealed at a
press conference next Friday by
education minister Pat McGeer.
Until then, no one in authority will
say a word.
Despite the secrecy, some companies are listed on invitations as
"exhibitors" at the press conference: Anatek Electronics of
North Vancouver, Seagold Industries and MacDonald Detwiller
and Assoc, both of Richmond,
B.C. Hydro and B.C. Tel.
Anatek Electronics is owned by
UBC board of governors member
Allan Crawford.
McGeer said he couldn't predict
that invited companies would
relocate at UBC, and added,
"That's not the reason why they're
exhibiting."
But both McGeer and B.C.
Development Corporation
spokesman Don Larsen admitted
Wednesday they are wooing
pharmeceutical companies to the
park.
"The pharmeceutical industry is
one group we hope we could attract
due to the strength of TRIUMF
(Tri-University Meson Facility) and
the hospital," said Larsen. He added it will be a difficult industry to
attract to B.C. because it is based
mainly in eastern Canada.
The park will be operated by
Discovery Park Inc. a subsidiary of
the corporation.
Larsen said 25 per cent of the
land, more than 14 of the 58 acres,
will be used for buildings.
"The emphasis will be on leaving
the natural landscape as it is, instead of as TRIUMF and B.C.
Research have done, just gone
down and knocked down trees,"
said Larsen.
"If you did that all the way to
16th Avenue, it would look like
hell."
Larsen said there is a multi-
tenant building under design to be
revealed at the press conference
Sept. 28. Assuming tenants can be
found, construction will start in the
spring of 1980 with occupancy in
the fall of 1981.
By PETER MENYASZ
Professors in UBC's Math annex
should be breathing sighs of relief
because the radioactive waste
materials in their basement are
gone.
But that just is not the case.
Some  of the  professors  are  still
upset about the discovery Monday
of a cache of radioactive waste products.
"There are people that are concerned about having gotten doses of
radiation," said Math professor
Jim Carrell.
Carrell said he felt the people
responsible for storing the material
in the building's basement had not
acted wisely.
"I was very upset to find out that
things were run in such a casual
manner," he said.
But there are no other storage
sites for radioactive materials on
campus, said Bill Rachuk, UBC's
radiation protection and pollution
control officer.
"This was one of a kind. A convenient place to process (radioactive) material," said Rachuk.
But discovery made the storage
place inconvenient, and the
dangerous material was shipped to
the Chalk River, Ont. research
facility for disposal.
"As of Tuesday noon there was
no radioactive material left in that
room," said Peter Larkin, dean of
graduate studies and Rachuk's
superior.
He said the amount of radiation
generated by the sodium-22 was not
sufficient to be harmful to the occupants of the building.
"It wouldn't be harmful even if
they sat right next to it
year-round," Larkin said.
But Carrell said he was not convinced, and that Larkin was entitled
to his own opinion.
Larkin said the radioactive
materials were moved to ease the
fears of professors with offices near
the storage site.
"No matter how much you
reassure people 'it won't hurt you at
all' it won't help them to sleep at
night," he said.
It is now up to the university's
radioisotope and radiation hazard
committee to find a new resting
place for UBC's radioactive wastes,
said Rachuk.
"We'll just have to find better
facilities."
The members of the committee
will meet next week to discuss the
incident and possible new locations
for storing radioactive materials,
Larkin said.
"I ordinarily expect they will
meet three or four times a year.
They'll be meeting next week to
discuss the matter," he said.
The members of the committee,
appointed by university administration president Doug Kenny on
Larkin's recommendation, are
chosen from various university
departments involved in research
using radioactive substances.
Larkin is responsible for the committee and for Rachuk's activities
because of the involvement of
graduate students in much of the
research.
After it meets, the committee will
present its recommendations for
new locations for storing radioactive materials to the president's office, said Rachuk.
Students demand
UBC park hearing
UBC's student politicians lashed
out Wednesday at the university's
proposed 58 acre research park and
demanded a full public hearing on
the issue.
The student representative
assembly unanimously passed a motion asking the Universities Council
of B.C. and the UBC board of
governors to hold hearings immediately on the research park's
construction.
Student board of governors
member Glenn Wong said it is important the SRA takes a strong
stand on the issue.
"It's time students decide one
way or another. If action isn't taken
quickly, if not tonight, we may be
just whistling in the dark," he said.
"Now that even the building sites
are picked, the public knows. It's
all decided over cocktails
somewhere else."
Arlene Francis, SRA law
representative, said public outcry is
the only student ally in the issue.
She said under a section of the
Universities act, UCBC can intervene between the university and
the provincial government to force
public inquiries.
Francis said that because the
research park is located next to 100
acres of university land, future expansion is highly probable.
"1 think there has to be a public
disclosure of the game being played
here and what is going to be expanded," she said.
Bruce Armstrong, student board
of governors representative, said he
and Wong were shocked at the
development plans because they
thought the park was still at the
concept stage.
The research park will be geared
towards the development of secondary industry in B.C. which could
possibly involve the processing of
uranium, said Francis.
UBC recalls white elephant
UBC's Asian centre will finally be completed after
more than four years as the campus' biggest white
elephant.
The provincial government has given UBC the
authorization to borrow the $3,592,000 needed to
complete the project, Asian studies head Peter Harnet-
ty said Wednesday. The money will be raised through a
government bond issue and lent to the university with
no interest.
"It will go to tender this month and tenders (bids for
construction) will be opened in October," said Harnet-
ty. He said construction of the centre is expected to
take 14 to 16 months and will be completed by spring,
1981.
But he warned labor disputes and cash shortages
might again delay the completion of the centre.
The centre's construction workers' contract runs out
in spring, 1980 and Harnetty said strike action is a
definite possibility. He added that inflation could push
construction costs higher than currently budgeted for,
once again halting work on the centre.
Harnetty said inflation stopped construction in
1975.
The building, originally a pavilion in the 1970 Osaka
World's Fair, was donated to UBC by the Sanyo corporation in 1972. Construction began the same year on
an initial budget of $1.6 million, of which the Japanese
government donated half and the provincial and
federal governments $400,000 each.
When the money ran out in 1975, only the outside
shell of the building was completed. Then when construction began on the new aquatic centre, the Asian
centre ceased to be a high priority, said Harnetty.
MMWIMBMi^^ Page 2
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, September 20,1979
'Workers need Sunday for rest'
Sunday shopping in Vancouver is
unfair because workers need a day
off, alderman Harry Rankin said
Tuesday.
Rankin told 100 students in Law
101 that most employees need Sunday off before going back to work
on Monday. He claimed store
owners, such as furniture salesman
Harry Hammer, won't lose much
business due to Sunday closure.
He said Hammer, who complained to Vancouver city council that
he'd lose sales, might actually have
increased    business   due   to   the
publicity he has received during his
fight for Sunday shopping.
"Harry has an eye for publicity,
he shouldn't suffer too much."
Rankin, a lawyer, defended the
right of lawyers to advertise their
services.
Rankin said the dispute about
legal advertising is "much ado
about nothing" and predicted the
public will soon fully accept it.
He said another problem lawyers
continue to face is the constant high
pressure of their responsibilities.
And in other news, we goofed
Professor Jim Carrell did not say
"I've had my death hanging over
that room the whole time I've been
there," as was reported in
Tuesday's   Ubyssey.   He   actually
said his desk was over the room.
The staff sincerely regrets any
embarrassment or misunderstanding this error may have caused.
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Interested in CA Employment?
ARTHUR ANDERSEN & CO.
ARTHUR ANDERSEN & CO. is seeking 1980
graduates for Vancouver and all other offices of the
Firm. Submit an original or photocopy of your
personal resume (UCPA form is suitable) by
October 5, 1979 to the Canada Employment Centre
on Campus, Brock Hall.
All resumes will be acknowledged. You will be
contacted on or about October 26th regarding
campus interviews which will take place during the
period November 6-15th. Additional information is
available at the U.B.C. Canada Employment Office.
Gardner.
McDonald G Co.
Chartered Accountants
The Vancouver office of our expanding national practice is seeking 1980 graduates in accounting, licentiate in
accounting and other disciplines, who are interested in
pursuing a challenging career as Chartered Accountants.
Interested applicants should leave a copy of their
U.C.P.A. form and most recent transcript at the Canada Employment Centre in Brock Hall by October 5th.
You will be contacted regarding campus interviews
which will take place November 5th through the 9th.
Additional information is available at the
Canada Employment Centre on campus.
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Representatives of the Vancouver office will be
available on campus on November 7, 8 and 9 at the
Canada Employment Centre to interview 1980
graduates who will be eligible for student registration with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
British Columbia.
Arrangements for an interview should be made
through the Canada Employment Centre, Room
214, Brock Hall by October 5, 1979.
Additional information is availble at the Canada
Employment Centre. Thursday, September 20, 1979
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 3
Protest price is right to education
HALIFAX (CUP) — Five
students have been refused re-
admission to the Universite de
Moncton for participating in student demonstrations last winter.
The secretary-general of the
students' federation and the editor
of the student newspaper were also
refused re-admission for publishing
an article was critical of univer
sity employees. But the editor was
later re-admitted after appealing the
decision.
University vice-rector Victor
Ross said in a letter that "five of the
students who were or seemed to be
leaders in the demonstrations would
not be re-admitted." He said at no
time did the university administration support the student demonstra
tions and said the students involved
had committed illegal acts.
In a letter sent to the student
federation the administration
quoted general rule number one of
the university calendar which states
that "the university reserves the
right to suspend, expel or refuse admission to any student who does
not follow university rules or whose
conduct has been judged detrimental to the university."
Last winter's demonstration involved 1,500 of the university's
2,400 students. The students
boycotted classes to attend
workshops on student aid, tuition
increases, employment and high
rent in the city. They also occupied
university buildings and marched
TEENY TINY MINT does its own version of the Rain Chant, bringing
back memory of when other minis were in style. Car experiences own
problems with mud and rain during run down University Boulevard, but
at least is able to avoid brown object from another bad trip. Ace photog.
Bruce Stout knows answer, but staff is prepared to give three free bottles
of domestic beer to first student to spot the error in pic.
SPEC claims uranium hearings unfair
By GLEN SANFORD
B.C. environmental groups are
angry and disillusioned with the
organization of technical hearings
for the provincial government's investigation into uranium mining.
They haven't been given adequate time to prepare for the royal
commission on uranium mining's
hearings, says Ralph Torrie of the
Society for Pollution and Environmental Control.
"The companies have had a
three-year head start over us," he
said. "Here we are with less than
three months to prepare presentations and find witnesses. They're
trying to rush this investigation
through so fast that environmental
groups won't have time to get their
case together.
"They could have taken all the
time in the world to hold the hearings, there's no need for B.C. to
rush the hearings."
But UBC professor David Bates,
commissioner and chairman of the
investigation, said that's not true.
"They've had plenty of time and
they have four lawyers paid by us to
be there (at the hearings). I don't
know what else they want," he said.
Bates said the upcoming hearings
will be divided into several phases
and are scheduled to be completed
in early February. He said the cross-
examination  of witnesses  will  be
limited in time, but added that if
they are not completed by February
more can be scheduled in March.
But the interim report, released
Aug. 15, has drawn considerable
criticism from environmentalists.
"I think most of the environmental groups are very angry and disappointed at the report," said Torrie,
who is also a spokesman for a coalition of B.C. interior environmental
groups.
through downtown Moncton.
The article published in the student newspaper Le Front criticized
the director of student services and
an officer of the department and is
now before the Supreme Court of
New Brunswick for alleged libel.
Ross said the actions of the two
students responsible for publishing
the article "bring shame upon the
university and justify the actions of
the university."
"It is the responsibility of the
university to defend its employees
against accusations of this kind,"
said Ross.
Jean Nadeau, comptroller of the
federation of students, said the
federation is studying the legal
aspects of the case and feels the
secretary-general and editor have a
good case. He said the federation is
prepared to act on their behalf.
TAs shift
union drive
into gear
Saying it's "now or never",
UBC's 1,000 teaching assistants are
preparing for a major unionization
drive.
"It's become a real serious matter. If it doesn't work now I don't
know if we're going to be in a situation to turn around and change our
minds," said Brian Lawson, one of
two full-time organizers hired by
the Canadian Union of Public
Employees.
"As far as we're concerned, the
administration is kind of blocking
the TAs' union drive."
Lawson expects that the required
45 per cent of UBC's 1,000 teaching
assistants will sign cards so that they
can become certified with the labor
relations board. A vote by the entire
bargaining unit would then be held
in January, and Lawson expects
negotiations with the administration to begin sometime in the spring.
"The union will be an organization with power in the eyes of the
provincial government and the administration. It will clarify our
negotiations with the administration, too."
Some of the issues behind the
TAs' drive include lack of job
security, retroactive pay cuts, cutbacks and an inefficient grievance
procedure.
Dean won't stop Godiva
UBC's new engineering dean
has no plans to scrap the Lady
Godiva ride despite his strong
criticisms of it earlier this year.
"I have no intention of doing
anything about it myself," applied science dean Martin
Wedepohl said Wednesday.
But Wedepohl told The
Ubyssey last February that he
would stop the ride when he arrived at UBC from the University of
Manitoba.
At that time, he called the Lady
Godiva exhibition "disgusting
and unbefitting of students who
are in a professional school."
He now claims this year's
engineers have not yet "been
given a chance," and that any
decisions about the ride will have
to come from the engineering
undergraduate society, not from
him.
EUS president Russ Kinghorn
refused to comment on the change
in Wedephol's attitude or this
year's plans for.the Godiva ride.
But he said he approved of a
similar ride held Tuesday at
Wedephol's former campus in
Winnipeg.
"It they did it, they must have
been having a good time, otherwise they wouldn't be doing it."
Glenn Wong, UBC student
board of governors representative, said he was puzzled by
Wedepohl's non-commital statement because the ride has been
consistently condemned by the
UBC administration in recent
years.
"It's funny how the administration thinks it's their business, but
the dean doesn't," said Wong. He
added, however, that he thinks
the dean should not get involved
in the dispute.
WEDEPOHL
ride on
Plants need lets ef sun
North American industries will
soon have to find a place in the sun
if they want to remain in operation,
American physicist Amory Lovins
said Wednesday.
He told about 30 people in the
Angus penthouse that industry will
soon need to use solar energy and
relocate in sunny areas if companies are to continue their current
consumption of energy.
Lovins said in addition to solar
power there are only two other
future energy alternatives for industry: increased use of hydroelectric power or use of hydrogen
for atomic power.
But he cautioned companies in
moving too fast to develop alternative energy sources.
"It takes longer to build a power
plant than it does for people to object to the higher prices resulting
from that plant. And the more they
build, the less their revenue to meet
higher costs."
Lovins said to cut down costs in
dustry must use energy evenly or
decrease the use of energy in all sectors of manufacturing.
He said current energy models
and studies are inefficient and give
energy planners false conclusions.
They look at how existing energy
policies will affect energy supplies
rather than providing plans for us^ ...
ing appropriate amounts of entegy^ \
"If they (the energy modelf^gW
complex enough to resemble reality^
they are no longer comprehensible
because there are no constants in
the real world — just slow
variables."
And Lovins said an electric car,
such as a current experimental
model developed by Volkswagon
which runs at a constant speed and
recharges itself by decelerating, is a
viable method of cutting down
private energy usage.
But   he   said   home   heating
systems which use up more energy
.than  automobiles, need the most
improvement. Page 4
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, September 20, 1979
Hot to trot
When the university says, "Oops, we've forgotten to register
you in a course," it doesn't hurt too badly.
But when they say, "Oops, we've accidentally irradiated you for
the last 12 years," it's hard to be tolerant.
The university employs a full-time radiation protection and pollution control officer. But where was Bill Rachuk when a harmful
radioactive substance was left in an open cardboard box? It is not
surprising that he was embarrassed when the dump was accidentally uncovered.
And he says the storage room was a convenient location. Conve-~
ment for whom? Certainly not for the people who absorbed the
radiation. And certainly not for Rachuk, whose error should certainly cast doubt on his competence.
Radioactive wastes at the TRIUMF facility are kept in a locked
safe behind several feet of concrete. It is strange that Rachuk did
not more adequately check the safety of the room in the Math annex before depositing the material there.
And a radiation level of 14 times normal isn't just chicken feed.
None of the professors will likely die as a result of their exposure to
the sodiunv22. But any substantial quantity of radiation is likely to
increase the risk of those people finding themselves in cancer
wards later on.
The university officials concerned, Rachuk and graduate studies
dean Peter Larkin, seem singularly unconcerned about the implications of this fiasco.
Larkin said someone could sit next to the box of sodium-22 all
year round without experiencing any ill effects. Who is he kidding?
Only himself.
The university's committee on radiation hazards, which Larkin
supervises and of which Rachuk is a member, will have to take its
lumps from the university community for their error.
And the Atomic Energy Commission of Canada, who monitor
the university committee, will likely not find the incident amusing.
And the professors in the building still aren't laughing either.
Letters
THE UBYSSEY
September 20, 1979
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS or
the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page
Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn
"It's easY," Tom Hawthorn said to Geof Wheelwright. "You simply get every person to do one page. Even Heather Conn could figure it out." But there were
only eight pages. So Brad Mennie had to double up with Joan Marklund, while Rory Munro and Geoff Nash had to share the tweens with Glen Sanford and Sandy
Kouritzin. Ben Wong and Stuart Dee had to squeeze over so Ross Burnett and Peter Menyasz could fit in Julie Wheelwright in the letters column. Kevin Finnegan
and Verne McDonald decided that several more beer was better than joining in on the capitalist tainted competitiveness, leaving Elnora as the no-last name choice
of the day. Vic Bonderoff, Vic Bonderoff and Vic Bonderoff found himself with three pages to himself   "But I can't draw that big," he said in a small voice.
Radioactive UBC dumps need watchdogs
Radioactive sodium-22, stored
under the Math annex, creating an
environment 14 times more radioactive than normal is a frightful situation! Yet it is also consistent. For,
historically, what has been the
cause    of    most    accidents    with
radioactive substances? Inadequate
control, and human error.
In one case, a nuclear reactor
worker, upon suspecting a romance
between his wife and a colleague,
deliberately caused a functional
crisis in the reactor. He died, but
disaster was averted. Another time,
an N-plant technician, while checking for air leaks with a candle, caused a fire that rendered both the
main and backup Emergency Core
Cooling Systems of a major U.S.
reactor inoperative. Thus, the reactor stood  in jeopardy of melting
Reviewer has festering pen
The review went something along
these lines: ". . . to a real Python
tan the jokes are like a fine wine . .
." and "'. . . Python's most
cohesive work to date" and finally
"If you've never had the pleasure
of seeing a Python film, then this is
the one to see." Well, in fact, if you
have never had the pleasure of seeing a Monty Python film, The Life
of Brian should be avoided like the
plague. As is not yet obvious, I am
profoundly shaken and solemnly
irked at the movie itself and at the
favorable reviews given by both this
paper and the somewhat
knowledgable TIME magazine.
IPRftRoT
I SKETCH
Monty Python (not simply
"python" — has the reviewer no
respect?) as a TV series was playing
late night CBC almost three years
before it was introduced to the
American market. In Canada at
that time it was hardly noticed but
those of us who were lucky enough
to have caught it began our love affair then and there. Some of the few
remaining early followers were
blessed with the opportunity of seeing Monty Python live at the Q.E.
Theatre on some long past occasion. This was before their fall from
grace.
The fall came a year or so after
the   release   of  their   second   film,
Monty Python and the Holy Grail,
which I still hail as one of the funniest films in the history of film
making. However, by this time the
American market was being tapped,
which means lots of bucks and loss
of ideals. I actually remember a
Saturday Night Live with Eric Idle
americanizing lines of certain classic
sketches, much to my horror. I have
learned to stop cringing when I hear
15-year olds misquoting! I feel I was
able to outgrow that.
I had high hopes for The Life of
Brian and the opening song and
first scene of the film didn't disappoint, but from then on it was all
downhill, or better, right off a cliff
as the humor became used,
repetitive, and lifeless.
For myself it is the end of an era
of the most spontaneous, unabashed, and sardonic humor the English
language has ever known. I knew
somewhere in the back of my head
that it would come down to this: the
purchase of Steve Martin albums.
Forgive me.
As for the reviewer Geof
Wheelwright, he did, in his infinite
ignorance, (Monty Pythonically
speaking), believe that the Life of
Brian was of some humorous value,
though obviously his experience in
the field is limited. Wheelwright, I
am sure, is amongst the throngs, the
masses of perpetual misquoters,
Johnny-come-lately's et al. Why do
they bother?
Marc Tessler
arts 1
You write as if you have been
stone dead, a stiff nailed to the
perch of life b> a scratchy voiced
pet shop proprieter.
A true lumberjack from the
forests of British Columbia would
know that Wheelwright has been
listening to and repeating Python
(as in Monty's Flying Circus) for as
long as the group has been around.
You can't possibly know how he
drives us nuts repeating just about
every damn sketch . . . and correctly, too.
Our heads hurt.
staff
down. The ECCS was also part of
the foul-up at Three Mile Island.
Ultimately, though, officials blamed this disaster on human error.
In the Math annex problem,
where the amount of radiation
"was very close to the legal maximum limit" (Physics 110 extra
credit problem: Find out a) how
much Na-22 there was in the box, b)
its half-life, c) the amount of time
it has been in the basement, and d)
the legal radiation limit. Calculate
and determine: could Dr. Carrell
have received more than the legal
limit initially?), we are clearly dealing with a "hot" substance that
should be kept isolated from the environment. Yet "the material was
kept in the room because there was
nowhere else for it to go." In a
cardboard box.
This university hosts TRIUMF
and handles radioactive substances
in medical applications as well (and
elsewhere, I'm sure).
The recent scientific and medical
literature has suggested a serious
possibility of mutagenic and carcinogenic effects from low-levels
(even far below the legal levels) of
radiation, especially with prolonged
exposure.
How can it happen that such an
institution as UBC can experience
such grave situations? Can the
population be subjected to such
risks without their knowledge? Can
the administration of this
technology be entrusted to those
who "are embarrassed" and find
this "not the best of situations?"
No. I demand that a committee of
students, faculty and staff be empanelled to inquire into the various
patterns of use of radioactive
materials on this campus. I also
volunteer to be on such a committee.
Arle Kruckeberg
botany
TV hampered speaker
Not only did the Alma Mater
Society's speakers' forum spend
almost half their budget on one
speaker, they were so poorly
organized or inconsiderate that
many people who attended the
speech couldn't even see Mr.
Buckley. BCTV had arrogantly
stationed themselves (under the
banner, I suspect, of "the public's
interest") directly in front of the
podium between the audience and
Mr. Buckley.
Needless to say, many people
had no view of the speaker and
those that had were continually
being distracted by the official
looking antics of the cameramen.
The bright lights focused on
Buckley actually prevented him
from seeing the audience and
made responding to questions particularly difficult. We couldn't see
him, nor could he see us.
The AMS speakers' forum is
either oblivious to the purpose of
a live speech or are impotent in the
face   of   that   grand   force,   the
media.
Neil Cadger
arts 4
BUCKLEY   .   .   .   controversial
even in absence
. . but there was
more room
An article in your Tuesday issue
stating that many students were
prevented from entering the excellent William F. Buckley lecture
because of ticket sales to the
general public is incorrect. Your
article stated that 800 people were
present for the lecture — but you
failed to mention that the capacity
of the SUB ballroom is 950 —
therefore leaving 150 empty seats.
So what is this I read in the
newspaper about students being
prevented from going to the lecture? Is The Ubyssey newspaper
annoyed at not getting an interview?
Craig Brooks
science SRA rep. Thursday, September 20, 1979
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 5
Letters
Don 9t blame us for it
TH£
What/
"£«
BLACK & LEE
TUX SHOP
NOW AT
'M 10 Seymour St.
6882481
I feel a correction is in order
regarding the AMS jazz lounge
advertisement in last Thursday's
Ubyssey. It suggests that the art
gallery (i.e. the art gallery programs
committee) sponsored last week's
"Refreshments in conjunction with
the Brock Collection." This was a
100 per cent AMS-sponsored event
with no members of the art gallery
programs committee invited to be
involved in the planning or
decision-making.
The involvement of the committee amounted to the selection and
hanging of approximately one-fifth
of the works on hand, as no space
existed for more of the collection.
A certain amount of background
information is necessary. The committee decided in April to open its
1979-80 exhibition schedule with a
showing of the Brock Collection.
During the summer, I was told that
SAC was "considering" the test use
of the gallery as a coffeehouse. At
that time, I expressed my doubts
about the combined use, as gallery
and   cafe,   of  the   space.   I   was
reassured that it was all in the planning stage, and was asked not to
discuss that idea with my fellow
committee members.
At the end of the summer, I
found arrangements had gone
ahead to put in a lounge during the
first week of classes, and another
member of the committee and I
were asked to hang some of the
Brock Collection's pictures in the
space. We arrived to find furniture
already in place, and were very
limited in the sampling of the collection which could be exhibited.
There is now talk on making the
lounge a permanent fixture. I feel
very strongly that this would
deprive the university of a unique
environment, a gallery, run and administered by students, providing
valuable experience in gallery administration. This is the only facility where fine arts, architecture and
art education students can present
their work to students. We have
established an open-juried show to
which students of any faculty can
submit work. The space is also used
THE TOUCH OF SPIRIT
A Christian Science Lecture
Sponsored by the
CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ORG.
on campus
LECTURER:
Gordon R. Clarke, C. S. B.
of Milwaukee, Wisconsin
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24,
12:30 p.m. in Buchanan,
Room 106
LSAT
GMAT
WEEKEND REVIEW
SEMINARS
We offer for each of the LSAT and
GMAT:
• 200 page copyrighted curriculum
• 70 page Math Primer (sent to
each registrant)
• seminar-sized classes
• specialized instructors
• Guarantee: repeat the course for
no extra charge if your score is
unsatisfactory
Why not give us a call and find out
how you can really do the preparation you keep thinking you'll
get around to on your own?
National Testing Centre, Inc
330- 1152 Mainland St.,
Vancouver, B.C.  V6B 2T9
(604) 689-9000 or
call us toll free at
1-800-663-3381
for club shows such as Photosoc's
and that of the Chinese Students
Association.
If we as students allow this facility to be lost, the university and its
current and future students will be
the   poorer   for   it.
Kathleen   McTaggart
arts 3
chairperson
art gallery programs committee
I        ARE YOU I
I    ASTHMATIC?     1
= Inhalers    for    Asthma    have s
2: recently   become   available   in =j
= Canada. We require asthmatics E
E interested in assessing the ef- =
= fectiveness  of  these  inhalers; E
E volunteers will be remunerated. =
E The study consists of breathing E
E tests done before and after use E
E of five different inhalers on five E
E different days. E
E If interested please call E
E Dr. K. Elwood or E
E Dr. R. Abboud, E
= at 873-5441, Local 3336. =
SAIL, SKI, SKYDIVING, VOC, CANOE, SAIL, SKI,
THE OUTDOOR CLUBS
FALL DANCE
with
BOWSER MOON
Sept. 28, 8:00 - 1:00
Sub Ballroom, I.D. req'd
Tickets available at all club offices, main foyer in Sub
and at Club's Day
CANOE. SKI, SKYDIVING. VOC, CANOE, SAIL, SKI,      o
PAYMENT OF FEES
The Department of Finance, Third Floor, General
Services Administration Building, wishes to remind
students that the first instalment is due on or
before: .--»■—. - »#
FRIDAY,
SEPTEMBER 21, 1979
For only a
few dollars
a month, you
can afford
TO LAUGH
AT BAD
MARX.
Almost any student can afford the
luxury of laughing at bad Marx.
Or jeering Edward the King.
Perhaps even learning the art of fast
food with the Galloping Gourmet.
Granada has made it all possible
with great, low, colour TV rental rates.
Whaf s more, all service, all parts, even a
colour loaner if shop repairs are
needed, are yours at no extra charge!
Ifs a great deal you won't have to
study to understand.
So let Granada help you take a
break from the rigours of academic life.
Call us now.
With our fast, installation, we could
have you laughing at Marx in less than
ah hour.
All Granada locations are open daily from 9 AM to
9 PM, and Saturday till 6.
Give us a call soon. We're listed in the Yellow Pages.
GRANADA ^U§
Worry-Free Colour TV. Forever.
995 Granville Street, Vancouver
669-1221
1009 Kingsway, Vancouver, 873-631 1
4800 No 3 Roaa, Richmond, 278-3337
10596 King George Highway, Surrey in the Dell Shopping Centre
584-2323
"314 Broad Street. Victoria, 386-882o Page 6
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, September 20,1979
'Tween classes
TODAY
INTRAMURALS
Informal drop-in,  7:30 p.m.  to 9.30 p.m., War
Memorial Gym.
PHOTOSOC
Membership sign-up, noon, SUB 245.
RUSSIAN CLUB
Organizational meeting and speech, noon, Buch.
1256.
TM PROGRAM
Weekly meeting, noon, Buch. 217
AQUA-SOC
Club   memberships   and   signups   for   scuba
lessons, noon, SUB ballroom.
NIHONKAIWAKURABU
General meeting, noon, Asian studies lounge,
Buchanon.
FRIDAY
INTRAMURALS
Second run of the year, noon, Mclnnes field.
FILMSOC
Production meeting, noon, SUB 247.
NEWMAN CLUB
Orientation weekend, Sept. 21-23, Camp Alex
andra, contact Mark at 266-6113 or Father Paul
Renn.ck at 224 3311.
's4- -,   -, S'<iJSl.St»-
Hot flashes
Get loose af
Robson Square
If classes, homework, and the
gruelling work schedule have still
left you with time weighing heavy
on your hands, then move to Robson Square.
The city's new centre of culture,
music and artistry is featuring a
wide range of speeches, performances,  displays and shows this
month which could keep you busy
right up to mid-term time.
You can take in comedy routines
by local artists Saturday night, an
Italian art show running all this
week and next week, a marathon-
running symposium Sunday and a
one-man guitar show Friday.
There will also be special lectures
and classes at the downtown
square including a Monday speech
on energy and conservation by conservationist Sir William Hawthorne
and many practical small business
seminars.
HILLEL HOUSE:
FALL CLASSES
1) Beginners Hebrew 12:30-1:30
2) Intermediate Hebrew 1:30-2:30
3) Seminar on the Holocaust
RUSTY WRIGHT
DYNAMIC CAMPUS LECTURER:
'GOD OR MYTH?' MON. 24 12:30
SUB AUDITORIUM
'THE RESURRECTION' TUE. 25 12:30
SUB AUDITORIUM
'DYNAMIC SEX' WED. 26 12:30
HEBB THEATRE.
SPONSORED BY CAMPUS CRUSADE FOR CHRIST OF U.B.C.
JOHN & OLIVIA
AND THE
AT SUB
THEATRE
BICYCLE!
STUDENT SALE
LTD.     10 Speed
THE HOT NEW RALEK3H FOR FALL!
SALE 169.95
Look at the Raleigh Ltd. Compare the features, and then check
the price — it's simply the best way back to school!
T POINT
reus
Est. 1930
3771 W. 10th
224-3536
Also The Peddler
620 E. Broadway 874 8611
4256 E. Hastings 298-4322
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Square dance, 8 p.m., International House upper
lounge, tickets SI.
SATURDAY
INTRAMURALS
Men's tennis tournament, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday, SUB and Winter sports
tennis courts.
TUESDAY
EAST INDIAN STUDENTS ASSOCIATION
General meeting, noon, SUB 212.
UBC BALLET CLUB
Registration and audition, noon, SUB ballroom.
(. H\H(.K\
VISA
OPTICAL SHOP
OPTICAL SHOP
1535 West Broadway - 731-8188
/Conveniently located on U. B. C. bus route at Broadway and Granville)
PRESCRIPTIONS FILLED OR DUPLICATED
PRICES TO MEET YOUR BUDGET - FRAMES AS LOW AS $5.95
CONTACT LENS SPECIAL - SEE INSIGHT 79
(Student Discounts Available On Eyeglasses)
Other Locations: 341 North Road, Coquitlam, 931-7441
10330 - 152nd St.. Surrey. 581-8888
*^4p^:r.
DAL GRAUER
MEMORIAL LECTURES
AMORY LOVINS
By training a physicist, by practice a conservationist, Amory Lovins is a full-time
British representative of Friends of the Earth, Inc., an American-based non-profit
conservation lobbying group. Concentrating on energy and resource strategy,
Mr. Lovins has been a consultant to several United Nations agencies, the
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the Science Council
of Canada, Petro-Canada, the U.S. Department of Energy and many other
organizations in several countries. He is author of several books, including Soft
Energy Paths: Toward a Durable Peace.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 12:30 p.m.
Buchanan 106
'Energy Policy: How to Enjoy the Inevitable'
*r$?
THE CLASSIFIEDS
;h RATES: Student - 3 8n*$, 1 thy $1.56; additional lines 35a
| Commercial ~ 3 fam, i^#OS;*^iiiwt Him 60te. Additional
mmt accepted by telephone and are payable In advance.
BmMtne (s 11:,30 a, m,, ths day More publication.
**&rAtfQjt
.j*
Coming Events
80 — Tutoring
JAZZ
DANCE
CLASSES
Thursday,
12:30-1:30 p.m.
Gym E starting
Sept. 20
Register Rm. 203
War Memorial Gym
40
Messages
GUTEN GEBURTSTAG memen Uebchen LAMBIE.
Ich liebe dich immer. Loving you always bb alias
85 — Typing
50 — Rentals
SECRETARIAL SERVICES. Theses, manuscripts
and resumes professionally and efficiently typed.
References. Phone 594-9383.
60 - Rides
65 — Scandals
BETTER    LATE    THAN    NEVER     -     Happy
Birthday Mando, From your big brother
TYPING       80c       per       page Fast       and
accurate.    Experienced   lypisl.    Phone   Gordon,
873 8032.
TOUR TIME
AT    Main    and    Sedgewick
Libraries Every Day
10:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m.
Sept. 17-21
Meet at the Main
Library Entrance
DEAR C.B.,
Just thought I'd let the whole
world know ( or at least the jerks
that read this paper) that I LOVE
YOU,
signed HARDY
TYPING: Essays, Thesis, Manuscripts, Reports, etc.
Fast and accurate service. Bilingual. Clemy
324-9414.
90 - Wanted
GOT  ANY   EXTRA   CARS   tickets'   Offering   $20.
Call Scott 224 9704, 687 0619 or Leo at 939 7890.
-00-
> Miscellaneous
70
Services
10
For Sale — Commercial
THE GSA  FOLK NIGHT returns Friday Sept
Sept. 21. Good music. Refreshments. Free Admission. Open stage after 11:30. Everyone welcome.
COMMUNITY SPORTS. Excellent prices for ice
skates, hockey, soccer, jogging and racquet
sports equipment. 733-1612. 3615 West Broad
way, Vancouver, B.C.
POSTERS, reproductions, photo blowups, largest
selection. The Grin Bin. 3209 West Broadway,
Van. 738-2311. Opposite Super Valu.
11 - For Sale — Private	
T.I. SR50-A CALCULATOR. Has all functions re
quired for 1st and 2nd Year Science and Commerce   $45 00 o.b.o. Phone 224 9175   Bruce.
30 - Jobs
RESPONSIBLE person needed for child sitting
2 30-6:00, Mon . Tues , Wed lor more sitting in
exchange for free roomPI located just outside UBC
gates   Phone Brenda 224 3647 dtter 6:00
READING SKILLS, reading comprehension, retention and speed. Plus note-taking/study techniques. 1 day course. Ideal for students. 266-6119.
INSTANT
PASSPOR
PHOTOS
CAMERAS LTD
4538 W 10th
224-9112 or 224-5858
FULLTIME
STUDENTS
Have you got .an International
Student Identity Card (ISIC)? If
not you are missing out on hundreds of discounts that this card
entitles you to. Save on clothing,
sporting goods, health foods,
hair care, shoe repair and many,
many more services. So why not
drop by Canadian Travel Service
in SUB and invest $3.50 in an ISIC
Card. Then use your ISIC Card to
help you save money.
the word
at SUBFILMS Thursday, September 20,1979
THE    UBYSSEY
Page 7
'Bird droppings J
Upcoming
TODAY
Intramurals
Co-rec volleyball
7:30 p.m. Mem. Gym
FRIDAY
intramurals
3 km. run, noon, Mclnnes field.
Last day of registration:
Men's golf tournament
Women's swim meet
Men's soccer
Men's soccer
UBC at Calgary
SATURDAY
Intramurals
Men's tennis tournament
10:00 a.m., Mem. Gym and
TWSC courts.
Football
UBC at Edmonton
Men's field hockey
Division I - 10:00 a.m.
Division II -  11:30 a.m.
Men's soccer
UBC at Edmonton
Men's rugby
UBC vs. Capilanos
2:30 p.m., Thunderbird Stadium
SUNDAY
Intramurals
Men's tennis tournament
10:00 a.m., Mem. Gym and
TWSC courts.
MONDAY
Intramurals
Last day of registration:
Women's basketball
Co-rec tennis
Co-rec Mt. Seymour hike
Men's basketball
Tryouts, 4:30 p.m., Men's Gym
The men's wrestling team will
hold an organizational meeting Friday at noon in room 32 of the Mem
Gym. Coach Craig Delahunt asks
all wishing to try out to attend the
meeting.
The weekly sports show in the Pit
will be shown on Thursday next
week instead of Tuesday, to allow
the screening of the soccer game
against the University of Victoria.
The Canada West women's field
hockey season will open with a
tournament at UBC on Sept. 29 and
30. All five western universities will
play a round-robin tourney on the
south campus fields, with UBC
playing at noon and 3:00 p.m.
Saturday and 8:30 a.m. and 2:30
p.m. Sunday. The tournament will
be the first of three to decide a
western representative at the national finals. The Thunderettes are
defending champions.
CLOTHING BOUGHT
OR SOLD
ON CONSIGNMENT
• clothes   for   college   and   other
occasion
• "Retro" styles a specialty
• Emphasis on natural fabrics
Your Campus Clothing Centre
1pm - 6pm Closed Monday
PENNY PINCHERS
2621 Alma 224-7115
CLUB'S DAY
Today
Day.
WANTED -«.
Alive       &       Whistling ffijggj^
Intramural Referees
Men's £.- Women's Programmes in:   Basketball
Hockey
Soccer
Volleyball
Football
Inner Tube Water Polo
Pay: $5 - $7.50 per hour
Register in Rm. 210,
War Memorial Gym
SCUBA
DIVERS
DIVE INTO AQUA-SOC
Scuba courses offered.
AQUA-SOC:
— clubs day. SUB ballroom
- Mon & Fri SUB 14
CANADA STUDENT LOANS
AT THE
ROYAL BANK
When you succeed ... we succeed
UNIVERSITY AREA BRANCH
Don Routley, Manager
Brenda Flack, Senior Loans Officer
Heather Betker, Loans Officer
10th at Sasamat
228-1141
The intramurals program is still
looking for referees for all their
events, so if you've always had this
secret desire to do a Bruce Hood
act, go to room 210 of the Mem
Gym and give anybody who will
pay attention 10 yards for holding
and two minutes for roughing.
What's more, intramurals will
pay you for doing the same thing
that causes your quad mates to lock
you on the balcony.
*    *    *
Today is your chance to find out
about that weird sport you've
always-wanted-to-try-but-never-
could-figure-out-where-to-start.
It's clubs day, and each sports
organization will have a booth
somewhere in SUB to explain the
intricacies of falling out of
airplanes, dumping sailboats, slipping off cliffs and innumerable other
ways of getting out of that late
November essay.
T/Shirts
Sportshirts
Custom screenprinting
for
Clubs, Residences, Faculties
Special low rates
for UBC students
And just off campus
LA SCOUSE
4406 West 10th
(10th at Trimble)
Tel.:  Day: 224-4616
Eve: 736-5835
AWeod
See tie
Sxfaenfo <xt
INTRAMURALS        k
This Week (September 16-22)     **
»<=■ *l eswSk
Register in
Event
Event Date
WMG 210 by
Mens Swim Meet
Sept 18,19
n/a
Aquatic Centre
Tue Wed 12:30
Womens Volleyball League
Sept 25-Nov 13
Tue Sept 18
War Memorial Gym
Tue 7:30-9:30
(Teams)
Mens Outdoor Tennis
Sept 22,23
Wed Sept 19
Tournament, Memorial
Sat Sun 10:00-6:00
(Individual)
Gym & TWSC Courts
CoRec Volleyball
Thur Sept 20
Drop-In
War Memorial Gym
7:30-9:30
Womens Novelty Swim
Thur Sept 27
Fri Sept 21
Meet, Aquatic Centre
12:30
(Teams)
Mens Golf Tournament
Sat Sept 29
Fri Sept 21
University Golf Course
11:00-6:00
(Individual)
Mens Soccer League
Oct 1-Nov 30
Fri Sept 21
Thunderbird Park
Mon thru Fri
noon & evening
(Teams)
Joggers 3 Km Run
Fri Sept 21
n/a
Mclnnes Field
12:30
Next Week (September
Register in
Event
Event Date
WMG 210 by
CoRec Mixed Tennis
Sun Sept 30
Mon Sept 24
Tournament, Memorial
10:00-6:00
(Individual)
Gym & TWSC Courts
CoRec Exploration Hike
Sat Sept 29
Mon Sept 24
Seymour Mountain
8:00-6:00
(Individual)
Womens Basketball League
Oct 1-Nov 20
Mon Sept 24
War Memorial Gym
Mon Tue noon
(Teams)
CoRec Badminton
Wed Sept 26
Drop-In
Gym B
8:30-10:30
CoRec Volleyball
Thur Sept 27
Drop-In
War Memorial Gym
7:30-9:30
Mens Contract Mile
Thur Sept 27
n/a
Harry Logan Track
12:30
Joggers 5 Km Run
Thur Sept 28
n/a
Mclnnes Field
12:30
Mens Basketball League
Oct 9-Nov 30
Fri Sept 28
War Memorial Gym
Tue thru Fri
noon & evening
(Teams)
Mens Hockey League
Oct 9-Nov 29
Fri Sept 28
Thunderbird Winter
Tue Thurs 7:30-11:00
(Teams)
Sports Centre
Mens Inner Tube Water
Oct 8-Nov 30
Fri Sept 28
Polo League
Mon 7:30-9:30
(Teams)
Aquatic Centre
Fri 3:30-5:30
Womens Hockey League
Oct 4-Nov 29
Fri Sept 28
Thunderbird Winter
Thur 7:30-9:30
(Teams)
Sports Centre Page 8
THE    UBYSSEY
Thursday, September 20, 1979
By ERIC MILLS
for Canadian University Press
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica — After mass
organization and armed struggle under the
Somoza family dynasty in the Sixties, the
student movement here emerged strong
enough to topple a dictatorship.
The Sandinista National Liberation
Front (FSLN in it Spanish initials) is composed mostly of students, says Carlos Tun-
nermann, former rector of Nicaragua's
largest university and member of the influential anti-Somoza Group of 12. The
front's external commission in Costa Rica
says most of its guerrillas were former
students   18 to  25 vears old.  And in the
But there were about 40,000 university-level
students, 50,000 in secondary school and
300,000 in primary before the offensive in
June, FER leaders estimated in a Managua
interview. A majority of university students
are politically active, they said, and
Centeno Garcia claimed the same at the
primary level.
The largest campus, the National
Autonomous University of Nicaragua was a
hotbed of dissent in a May visit. The anti-
Somoza slogans on walls in every city of the
country couldn't prepare a visitor for the
myriad of groups' initials and slogans on
^ons on «o»te one
capital, Managua, leaders of the Revolutionary Student Front (FER) describe their
group as almost a training school for the
FSLN.
Students played a key role in developing
opposition to the Somoza regime by
agitating and participating in popular struggles. Several student groups belong to the
22-member United People's Movement, a
leftist coalition that formed the backbone
of the National Patriotic Front, Somoza's
major civic opposition.
Not only university-level students are
organized; secondary students have had a
strong group for several years and the
Primary Student Movement (MEP) with 6to
12-year-olds was founded in 1977. These
two, both affiliated to the FER, worked
with parents and teachers associations in
ways that North American parent-teacher
associations could not conceive: they held
hunger strikes, school occupations and
boycotts in support of political prisoners
and other causes, and to demand better
education and more freedom.
Primary student leader Cesar Centeno
Garcia said his group took a military role
last September when the Sandinistas briefly
occupied five cities. The students painted
slogans on walls and threw bombs at
soldiers and tanks, making Somoza's National Guard overestimate Sandinista
strength, he said in an interview. The same
on a bigger scale occurred when the final
offensive began a few days later. (Centeno
Garcia, 11 had fled to Costa Rica with his
mother after his nine-year-old brother,
renowned for his political songs, was killed
by the Guard).
MEP operated in each school, Centeno
Garcia says, with three committees:
organization, propaganda and funds. Ma-
; jo* decisions were made by general meetings
in   schools   if  administrators   were   sym-
: pathetic. Travelling committees coordinated the young students nationally, he
says. Geography probably helped, as most
of Nicaragua's urban population is within
[ 50 miles of Managua.
Before the rebellion, Nicaragua spent the
least per capita on education in Central
America, and the illiteracy rate was perhaps
60 per cent, much higher in the countryside.
nearly every UNAN wall. Some walls
sported elaborate and colorful political
murals; one had the 40 pages of a self-
training manual on rifles, posted in the
Tercerista Sandinista tendency. Sandinista i
communiques on recent military activity
were some of the political sheets which appeared daily. Student newspapers were at
best sporadic; rhetorical leaflets issuing
calls to action seemed preferable.
The following is a rough chronology of
the Nicaragua student movement in the last
10 years:
1969: Concentrated FSLN political work
among students in Leon and Managua,
both university centres. Some students are
trained militarily for clandestine urban
cells.
A national teachers strike is lost after
massive firings and destruction of the
union. Students in giant protests.
1970: CUNN elections won by FER, which
becomes the dominant student group and
helps organize the Secondary Students
Association (AES). In the increasing
mobilization by various sectors, students
play a key role in national and local
organizing. i
A  teachers'  strike  in   Managua  brings j
heavy    repression    and    student    protest, j
Students also were involved in a campaign
against higher milk prices. j
1971: The mostly student Revolutionary
Christian Movement is established, led by
the priest and poet Ernesto Cardenal, later
closely allied with the FSLN. His brother
Fernando, also a priest (and later a Group
of 12 member), helps organize it in private
schools where he taught.
1973: Students campaign against misuse of
reconstruction aid after Managua flattened
by earthquake Dec. 22, 1973.
1974: Youth section of the pro-Albania
Movement of Popular Action begins work
in universities. The section later becomes
CLEU (Committees of Struggle of University Students) and founds CLES for secondary students.
1975: A group from FER to form FER
Marxist-Leninist student voice of the new
Proleterian tendency in the FSLN which advocates less military emphasis and more on
building mass support for a workers party.
Students battle
civil oppression
FER is left dominated by the Prolonged
Popular War tendency. The Tercerista
(Third) tendency which calls for a quick
popular insurrection does not develop a student group. FER-ML later starts the Secondary Student Movement.
1976: FER-ML joins with the Revolutionary Christian Movement to unsuccessfully contest student elections.
1977: As the FSLN increases military attacks students lead urban mobilizations
against repression.
Primary Student Movement, linked with
FER, is started late in the year.
1978: Student hunger strikes win the end of
isolation for some political prisoners.
Students also active in the wave of protest
following Chamorro's assassination Jan.
10. Other mobilizations include a campaign
against bus fare rises. Half the school year
is lost.
After the insurrection subsides, many
FER leaders join the FSLN in clandestinity.
The front's tendencies are now working
together militarily and moving towards unity-
1979: Students strike in February, and
are also involved in neighborhood groups
that harass the National Guard.
The FSLN announces at the beginning of
March that its three tendencies have unified
to plan a final offensive and insurrection.
FER organizes and propagandizes in
preparation and harassment of the Guard
increases.
March 23: Several Managua secondary
schools are occupied to protest what the
FSLN says are plans for a right-wing
military coup d'etat.
April: More than 100,000 students strike
early in the month to protest the closing of
a radio station and to demand liberty for
young people recently detained by the
Guard. On April 2, 24 secondary schools
June 3: CLEU, with FER-ML support,
occupies UNAN administration buildings
in support of Managua district public
workers on strike.
July: A national AES secondary school
strike of 40,000 students is violently repressed by the National Guard; several are killed
in Jinotepe and San Marcos. The eight-day
strike is declared indefinite and all student
organizations, including MEP, join; five
schools are occupied despite Guard protection. In some places it continues at the end
of the month.
A new teachers organization, ANDEN, is
formed partly to support students.
Sept. 1: A student strike in support of the
Sandinista urprising in five cities is complete.
Sept. 14: National Guard invades
UNAN, mortally wounds a student and
sacks several offices, including CUNN's.
are stuck in mourning for scores of deaths
after the Guard recaptured Esteli which had
been occupied a week by the FSLN.
May: FSLN's daily attacks on National
Guard are met with increasing repression,
including daily shootings by nervous
Guardsmen. As announced, the final offensive begins near the end of May. A week
later the whole country freezes in an indefinite shutdown-strike as the FSLN takes
most civilian centres in the country.
In July, after months of civilian aggression against the government's National
Guardsman and oppressive regime, dictator
Anastasio Somoza fell from power, ending
more than 40 years of repressive family
rule. The student movement, outlined here
through its organized growth, played a major role in the overthrow.
Eric Mills is a former staffer of the University of Toronto student newspaper The Varsity. He is currently travelling in South
America.

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