UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 15, 1974

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 Blankstein butt of media laugh
Media representatives have laughed off
Alma Mater Society president Gordie
Blankstein's claim that the society has
worked out advertising agreements which
provide free publicity for concerts.
Spokesmen for Pacific Press Ltd.
agreed that Blankstein was being less than
truthful when he told student council
Wednesday that special events, because it
takes out advertisements in the Vancouver
Sun, receives advance stories and reviews
of concerts.
Pacific Press's marketing and advertising manager said it is simply not
true that the Sun provides free publicity
for special events concerts the Alma
Mater Society advertises.
"That certainly wouldn't be done in our
papers," John Toogood said Thursday in
an interview. "It's quite out of the
Toogood, who started in the advertising
business in 1937, said the editorial and
advertising departments of the Sun and
the Province, also produced by Pacific
Press, are in no way connected.
"My goodness, most of the things that
are reviewed are never advertised
anyway," he said.
Sun features editor Mike McRanor said
there is no way his department would
provide free publicity because a company
advertises in the Sun's Leisure supplement
or other feature pages.
"That's just rubbish," McRanor said in
an interview. "We would never go for it.
"There's no way that there's ever been
any kind of a deal involving an advertiser."
McRanor also said there is no connection
between his department and the advertising department.
Province entertainment editor Jarvis
Whitney said the Province would never
provide free publicity because a promoter
buys advertising space in the paper.
"The ads that the Alma Mater Society
takes out are probably peanuts anyway,"
he said.
But Blankstein, in an interview Thursday, insisted AMS concerts are given free
publicity if the society advertises in the
Sun, the Province or the Georgia Straight.
"I know it's because we're buying the
ads," he said in an interview. "It has to be
because of the ads.
"It's a business arrangement."
Blankstein also said he believes Sun
columnist Jack Wasserman provides plugs
and "says what a great job special events
is doing" because of AMS advertising in
the Sun.
When told that Wasserman is not an
employee of the Sun or Pacific Press, but
works under a contract, Blankstein said he
didn't know that.
A spokesman for Wasserman denied
Thursday the saloon columnist writes
items because advertisements are placed
in the Sun.
"We're not particularly interested just
because the Sun's going to make a few
dollars," said the spokesman.
Blankstein also told The Ubyssey that he
believes Vancouver radio station CKLG,
with which the AMS does most of its
broadcast advertising, provides free
publicity through disc jockey chatter as
part of an advertising agreement.
But station sales manager Al Anaka said
the station, which transmits on AM and
FM frequencies, would not give extra, free
publicity to an artist because a promoter
has purchased advertising time.
See page 6: MORE
■  —.     —■■■.. y—
Vol. LVI, No. 28 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1974    =^^>48        228-2301
Kenny wand to
Kamloops crowd
GOOD OLD OSCAR doesn't look so ancient in 1882 photograph held
by Fine Arts Gallery curator Erika Gerson. Youthful Wilde and other
subjects  from  age  of  Queen   Victoria  are  currently  featured  in
—marise savaria photo
exhibition of photographs from the Gernsheim collection of Texas
University. Exhibition runs to Dec. 7 in the gallery located in main
library basement.
A/MS seeks $5 million housing grant
The Alma Mater Society is applying for a $5 million grant for a
student housing project.
The housing committee has set
up a three-member spearhead
committee to drew up an application to the Canadian Urban
Demonstration Program.
Members of the spearhead
committee are AMS vice-president
Robbie Smith and grad students
Charles Haynes and Bruce Fair-
Purpose of the program is to
finance innovative housing
projects in Canada prior to the
United Nations Human Settlement
Conference (Habitat 76) which
will be held in Vancouver in 1976.
The basis of the spearhead
committee's proposal is part of a
grad thesis study done by Haynes.
But   Fairbairn   said   Thursday
that although the thesis will form
the base of the project, a great deal
of student participation is still
required in the project's design.
"We need technical, conceptual
and organizational inputs,"
Fairbairn said.
Haynes said Thursday the
proposal is "for a self-help
university housing concept
bridging the gap between theory
and practice."
He said they want as many
technical submissions as possible
from all faculties on campus.
Haynes said the project provides
"opportunities for interdisciplinary studies with a 'real'
and practical base which is
directly applicable to housing
He said the project will be
completely designed and carried
out by students  although  there
would likely be outside help for
some aspects.
Haynes said he would like to see
the project developing out of
student seminars on construction
of housing.
He said the deadline for student
proposals will be Dec. 15.
Haynes said the project itself is
designed to be flexible, require low
energy for construction and create
a low impact on the environment.
He said the construction of the
project can be undertaken by two
students and completed over a
Haynes said the maximum
height of the houses will be three
"It will be just like an old time
house raising," he said. "All you
need will be you, your friends, and
Haynes said the style of house
will be in the post and beam style
but easier to construct.
He said the project could be
constructed   with   a   minimal
See page 6: HOUSES
KAMLOOPS — Doug Kenny,
UBC's administration president
designate, brings "the golden
wand of knowledge" here today as
part of his meet the people B.C.
In a prepared speech delivered
at noon today to the Kamloops
branch of the UBC Alumni
Association, Kenny said ". . . the
university is not an ivory tower
ghetto with professors who are far
removed from the hard reality of
the 'real world.' "
Instead, Kenny says, the
university is just like our forests,
farmlands and ocean "which is
being tapped for the future
development of the province."
Kenny applauded the 10 students
and their parents from the
Kamloops area who have received
major awards on graduation from
UBC in the last decade.
Although Kenny's speech says
teaching is the first concern of the
university, much of it is taken up
detailing the contributions of UBC,
particularly in the various fields of
In the Kamloops region, for
example, UBC researchers are
working on:
"The problem of stock poisoning
by Timer Milk Vetch;
The control of knapweed, a most
serious range;
The reintroduction of vegetation
at open pit mine sites;"
And, "Finally, our agricultural
scientists are discussing a new
project in the Kamloops area
which would involve the dispossal
of pulp mill effluent onto land
"The university of B.C. is the
most comprehensive university in
the province in that it has
developed many of the highly
specialized and applied science
areas of instruction and research,"
Kenny said.
In an telephone interview
Thursday, Kenny denied his
speaking tour is a "sales pitch."
"The main purpose of the trip is to
maintain and strenghten the ties of
the university to the community . .
. to meet the people," he said.
Kenny said he is aware UBC is
See page 6: UBC
Civic pelitix
In today's issue of The Ubyssey we look at the upcoming Vancouver
municipal elections and the strange assortment of people contesting for
pinnacles of personal power.
Today's articles include an analysis of the Civic Non-Partisan slate,
and it's educational offshoot, GEM; the New Democratic Party and the
Committee of Progressive Electors.
These stimulating pieces of journalistic excellence will undoubtedly
spark some thought into an otherwise boring election campaign.
In Monday's issue of The Ubyssey we will offer a feature of limousine
liberal Art Phillips and his teammates from TEAM, the Electors Action
Movement. Also included Monday will be a look at the ideological split
between COPE and the NDP. Page 2
Friday, November  15,   1974
Can cities change the climate?
UBC climatology prof Timothy
Oke doesn't want to just talk about
the weather — he wants to do
something about it.
"In the past, climatologists have
studied the effect of weather only
on rural surfaces," Oke said in an
interview. "I want to find out how
cities change the climate around
Oke has been working since 1968
on experiments on thermal
pollution in cities.
"Thermal pollution is heat in the
air from man's activities above the
normal heat," said Oke.
"I'm asking, what does the
depletion of energy reserves do to
increase the amount of heat in the
"People want to shy away from
the naughty problems. They don't
want to take on the dirty one."
Oke's work now includes six
automobiles that cruise the streets
of Vancouver fitted with devices
measuring the heat of man's activities.
"Our study tests the heat along
surface streets and building by
building, and this can eventually
be extended to a global scale," he
"We know thermal pollution has
Bomb threat
fizzles out
A bomb scare in SUB fizzled
Thursday when police caught a
suspect who told them it was all a
RCMP Sgt. Stan Nowicki said he
was called to SUB about 10:30 a.m.
with a story that someone had
placed a briefcase in front of the
Speakeasy desk in the SUB foyer
and warned there was a bomb
inside it.
Nowicki said the immediate area
was cleared but police soon caught
a suspect who told them the
briefcase was empty.
A check proved this to be
correct, Nowicki said, and students
were again allowed in the foyer.
He said the case will be reviewed
by crown counsel who may consider laying charges.
$20.00 for 30 hrs.
PLUS FREE practise
time in S.U.B.
craft's room
Sign up NOW in
A.M.S. off ice S.U.B.
(room 2?8)
a negative effect on health. In a
city prone to heat waves, thermal
pollution pushes the heat above the
human limit.
"Heat has been related to ghetto
riots in the United States. The riots
occur in the summer. On a bad
day, they just can't escape the
heat. They can't sit on the fire
escape to cool down."
Oke said a variety of weather is
better for most people. "A cycling
kind of weather seems to be better
for humans.
"On the other hand, some people
prefer the extra heat. It might
make it a few degrees warmer
outside, or spring will come a
couple of weeks earlier."
But Oke notes that a study has
shown that one tree does the work
of two air conditioners.
"We must get away from
building like topsy. A study of
thermal pollution could affect the
planning of cities," Oke said.
"It could lead to the choosing of
more suitable places for building a
"Right now the same building
appears in every city. Architects
have forgotten there are superior
places for siting a building, or to
use the air around them in their
"We must have policies to take
us away from the headlong dash of
development. The growth in the
Fraser Valley in past years could
have led to a Los Angeles or San
Francisco situation.
"The (provincial) environmental land use secretariat
should map out a total plan for the
safe and pleasant use of these
lands," Oke said.
AUGUST    10/11    1971
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between Oak/25 and Oak 41st is VanDusen Botanical Garden
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Page 3
Civic elections '74
NPA can't hide business image
By JAKE van der KAMP
It's a good question whether the
Civic Non-Partisans Association is
not a misnomer for the group of
conservative citizens trying to
regain control of city hall.
While NPA stalwarts claim they
are nothing but concerned individuals with somewhat like-
minded views, the fact remains
that they have been justifiably
characterized as big developer and
The association has no stated
party line on any issue, but the
basic undercurrent of political
views runs against socialism,
ecofreaks and politics at city hall.
And it was on a negative plat
form of this sort that the NPA first
came to power.
City businessmen in 1937 felt that
the Co-operative Commonwealth
Federation (CCF) was about to
capture city hall so they formed
NPA to counter the threat.
They won decisively and
remained effectively unchallenged
until 1968 when The Electors Action Movement (TEAM) was
By that time the NPA council
had become lazy and blatantly
discriminatory in its treatment of
the city's underprivileged.
Business supplied the NPA
campaign money so business got
the votes. The old NPA councils
'Schools ain't no
gem/ says GEM
Our schools are in crisis.
Literacy is falling.
Eighteen per cent of our school
children are using drugs.
Vandals are destroying school
Teachers need more money.
Schools need more money.
And Vancouver needs genuine
Or so says the Genuine
Education Movement, a spinoff of
the rightwing Vancouver Civic
Non-Partisan Association.
For the first time in decades the
NPA isn't running its own candidates for school board.
Instead, it is endorsing a full
slate from GEM, a group founded
in opposition to what it calls the
"incompetent" TEAM slate,which
dominates the present school
The GEM election campaign is
keyed on three issues: literacy,
experimental schooling and
"Falling literacy is the most
important problem," says GEM
candidate and current school
trustee Peter Westlake. "The
standards of literacy are falling all
over the western world."
GEM's prescription for what ails
the education system: teach the
Three R's.
GEM says students need a
thorough grounding in grammer
and elementary mathematics, but
they haven't been getting it.
One of the reasons they haven't
been getting it, according to GEM,
is the experimentation with different education forms in the
recent years — especially the free
Westlake doesn't think the free
schools are working. "Quackery
has become rampant in
education," he complains.
Another GEM candiate who
would agree with Westlake is
Dennis Baxendale.
"Free schools are not coming
through with the desired results,"
Baxendale says.
"The argument is that they
haven't run long enough, but I
don't buy that."
He says he wants to see schools
become a kind of community
centre after school hours but the
community school aspect shouldn't
disrupt the main purpose of
educating children.
GEM wants city-wide exams at
all levels in schools. GEM members concede they would be a
problem to institute, but claim that
once set up they would not only
allow parents to gauge their
children's progress against
children from all over Vancouver,
but would also provide the op-
See page 17: F.. .OFF
are directly to blame for problems
and unsightliness of the new
Eaton's building, the Royal Centre
and, of course, the West End.
TEAM failed to win in 1968, but in
1970 four non-NPA aldermen
topped the aldermanic polls and by
early 1972 the end was clear. The
average age of NPA alderman was
67. None of them were enthusiastic
and mayor Tom Campbell, who
had attended barely half of the
council meetings, decided not to
The NPA cause was only harmed
when it nominated its bagman, Bill
Stree, for mayor. Street, who
collected NPA campaign funds,
regularly appeared before council
as a lobbyist for commercial firms.
He later resigned from the
The resulting TEAM landslide
swept the association out of its
niche leaving Aid. Marianne
Linnell as the sole survivor.
With its 35-year legacy and its
stunning defeat at the polls, it's not
surprising that this time around
the NPA wants to take a different
tack and downplay its history.
Yet the basics remain the same.
It's still an anti group, anti-
TEAM this time. Its adherents still
believe that businessmen have the
best answer to any given problem
and they still stress their supposed
non-partisan nature.
But there's ne doubt that the
surface has changed. Park board
member George Puil, their
mayoralty candidate, is running a
high-geared blustering campaign
with none of the lazy confidence
that formerly characterized NPA.
And Puil, known to UBC students
for his vehement opposition last
year to reconsidering a sand-and-
gravel blanket on Towers Beach, is
leaving no doubt that he's busy and
running hard.
Contaced by The Ubyssey
Thursday at the Vancouver
Athletic Club, Puil protested he
hardly had time for a telephone
interview because he was booked
for another seven meetings during
the day plus a radio talk show
within half an hour.
"I'm in the nude right not," he
said, as he excused himself to find
NPA's PUN mayorality hopeful.
some written campaign
Those statements were all on
motherhood issues: better police
protection, more money from the
provincial government and better
senior citizens housing.
The provincial government's
share of funding in civic programs
has not matched the increasing
costs of these programs, Puil said.
City hall should put more pressure
on the government to pay its full
share for school and community
Puil said he also wants to see
more police protection to offset
Vancouver's spiralling crime rate,
particularly in drug-related offences.
"I do not advocate a police state
but I would like to have adequate
protection. Police are understaffed."
And in housing, he said he wants
to see better co-operation with the
federal government and a drive for
increased accommodation for
senior citizens.
Running through it all is a
constant obsession for pointing out
TEAM'S record on city council.
TEAM has done little for senior
citizens, TEAM has not badgered
the provincial government for
more money, TEAM hasn't
provided enough police, TEAM is
concerned only with frills . . . The
list is apparently endless.
But while Puil provides the
bluster, planner Warnett Kennedy
provides the brains behind the
NPA operation.
And Kennedy is not primarily
concerned with city council. He
said in an interview he is seeking
election because he wants to be a
Vancouver representative on the
Greater Vancouver Regional
To do so he must be elected
alderman and place in the first five
in the polls.
Kennedy said he stresses the
GVRD because it is at the regional
district level that long term
See page 17: RESTRICT
COPE looks for electorate
The Committee of Progressive
Electors is a slate that lives up to
only part of its name.
The committee part is obvious
enough. That's the motley group of
labor unionists, east end activists,
community workers and Communist Party of Canada members
Harry Rankin has fused into a civic
action slate.
But the electors are more difficult to find.
At least that's been the party's
experience in the past when only
Harry Rankin has held an aldermanic seat .on city council, while
the other candidates never rose
above the obscurity they battled
during the campaign.
But COPE tacticians say they
are hopeful this time around of
gaining at least one more seat on
They say they have two extra
things going for them during this
First of all, the New Democratic
Party is fielding only a partial
slate of aldermanic candidates,
lessening the split in votes that has
plagued the two left-leaning
parties during past elections.
Second, the tacticians say they
have Bruce Eriksen, an aldermanic candidate this time around.
Eriksen   is   president   of   the
Downtown Eastside Residents'
Association and has acted as
spokesman for the group during
confrontations with Mayor Art
Phillip's city council about skid
road flophouses.
This gives Eriksen "name
recognition" — the all-important
quality come voting time when the
electors seek someone whose name
at least sounds familiar on a
crowded ballot.
So the tacticians saying they are
pushing   Eriksen,   along   with
perennial   favorite   Rankin   and
number three man Bruce Yorke, to
See page 17: ERIKSEN
NDP's side against wealthy
The NDP party says it wants to
represent "one side only" in
Vancouver's government.
That side, mayorality candidate
Brian Campbell and 12 colleagues
running in aldermanic, school
board and parks board races say,
is the side of the people who are not
"Basically we see the city of
Vancouver as being developed for
the wealthy — not simply for the
people living in the city," Campbell said in an interview Thursday.
So he wants "to shift the
priorities in the city" from things
like Granville Mall to daycare
centres, "community government" and a grid-oriented transit
But while NDP candidates claim
their ideas represents the interests
of the majority of Vancouverites
who lack money or political power,
their chances for victory are slim.
The party's attempts to bring
perfection to Vancouver aren't
catching on in the imperfect city.
They don't have the money to
fight the noise of George Puil or the
incumbancy of Art Phillips with
the big campaign signs and
newspaper ads necessary in city-
wide elections.
And it is the city-wide election
which the NDP wants to get rid of.
Campbell said the current
Seepage 17: CAMPBELL Page 4
Friday, November  15,   1974
Little white lies
you   Gf£T?
I would like to comment on your
article on the Campus Cyclists in
the issue of Nov. 7.
The Campus Cyclists were active
long before 1972, but only made the
attempt to be recognized by the
Alma Mater Society in that year
only after the grad class grant of
$5,500 was given to help pay for a
cycle path.
An OFY grant paid for a report
on cycling conditions on Campus
and was produced in 1971.
At the same time and with the
same grant a film was made
showing trouble spots for cyclists
on campus.
If anyone knows the whereabouts
of this film I would like then to
contact me about it.
The proposed route by Toronto
Road was worked out by campus
cyclists in conjunction with
authorities on-campus.
I would like to point out that your
statement that no action has been
taken is wrong. Traffic head
Robert Murdoch told me recently
that work is soon to commence on
this part of the cycle path.
It is also mentioned that Murdoch's answer to lighting the cycle
path was to have cyclists carry
This is also the feeling of. Campus
Cyclists and we encourage any
cyclist travelling after dark to use
lights. Murdoch did mention the
possibility that lights would
illuminate the cycle path, but this
would be in the indefinite future.
I thank you for the space in your
newspaper and I urge any cyclist
interested in better cycling to
attend our meetings noon Wednesday in SUB 215.
Peter Merchant
campus cyclists
George de Souza, who is
currently appearing at the Century
Plaza Hotel, entertained the
patients of the Health Sciences
Centre with his "Instrumental
Presentations" on the afternoon of
Nov. 5.
His guitar and songs gave the
patients a great deal of pleasure
and the Voluntary Services
Organization wishes to join the
patients and staff in thanking him
for this generous donation of his
time and talent
NOVEMBER 15.1974
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
Editor: Lesley Krueger
Good evening, fight fans. From election central in Vancouver, here's
Boyd McConnell. "Good evening, this is Boyd McConnell for Radio CZAR
and with me at erection central are anal-ysts Gary Coull and Jake van der
Kamp —" "— I'd have to agree with you there, Boyd—" "— thank you
Gary, that's a very good observation . . . And here's the first results. Lesley
Krueger of TEEN has taken an early lead in the mayoralty race, with
NKVD candidate Berton Woodward second and MDA's Doug Rushton
thirl Fringe candidate Kini McDonald, who campaigned under the name
of Mss PNE is last as expected—" "— I expected that —" "—thanks, Jake
. .. Turning now to the aldermanic race, CROAK'S Mark Buckshon has
taken a lead with double the number of votes of the next closest
candidates, Bernie Bischoff, Dan Miller and Rraallpphh Mmaauurreerr who
have one vote each. Right behind them are Sheila Bannerman, Denise
Chong, Reede Clark, Stuart Lyster, Carl Vesterback, incumbent alderman
Cedric Tetzel and cucumbent cedarman Tom Barnes and his
miraculously-cured-of-a-debilitating-disease best girl Nell. The school board
looks like it'll be swept by the MDA-GUN slate, Alan Doree, Richard
Yates, Ron Binns, Chris Gainor, Mike Sasges and Marise Savaria. Also
running are Ian Metherall, Pat Angly, Kim Pollock, Steve Morris and
Kkeenn Ddoodddd, who is running as a redundant this time. Turning to
the park board — oh, who gives a shit."
You know the Alma Mater Society is in
trouble when its president can't even lie
Yup, that's Gordie Blankstein we're talking about, that horrid little numb-nuts of a
person who presides at AMS council
It's a long story, so let us trek back to last
Enter Gordie, stage right. (Gordie could
contrive to enter solely on the right in a
world of left-only doors.)
What he wanted to talk abbut apparently
was the B.B. King review — a rave review in
fact, placed on the bottom half of page 3.
"Look at that," exclaimed Gordie. "And
then look at that," he exclaimed-further,
turning a few pages further. He was pointing
to a review Sengalese dancers.
"Four students saw that," he said, and
Ubyssey staffers thought it was, rather
cheeky of him to have stood outside the
QueeniE and checked for AMS cards as they
went in — which he must have done to be so
He foamed at the mouth for a while, then
he pounced with the threat.
The AMS special events committee was
withdrawing $900' worth of ads from the
paper because of what he labelled "poor
coverage" of the special events bands on
And he insinuated that if the paper would
co-operate with "better Coverage" in the
future, more ads would be forthcoming.
Now what that amounts to is an attempt
at forcing the paper to do what he wants —
political interference in the editorial
operations by the AMS executive.
That's against both the AMS constitution,
which the paper's staff has final editorial
control, and against any code of ethics
known to man. (But apparently not
Blankmind . . . er, Blankstein.)
That's step one of our little drama.
Step two came on Wednesday night,
when the matter was rajsed at AMS council.
Then Gordie explained himself by saying
the concerts need the most publicity
That means he wants not only the paid
ads, but also unpaid plugs along with the
ads. And he says he can get them in
"package deals" with the Vancouver Sun,
Province and  Georgia  Straight.
He said this package deal means he pays a
certain price to the paper and he gets an ad
and a news story advance on the concert in
Now maybe he had just seen the movie
Why Rock the Boat or something, where a
reporter is fired for misspelling the name of
a   big   advertiser.
No, no Gordie, it's much more subtle than
It's a sort of silent agreement, where
certain stories with a viewpoint roughly that
of- the editorial page are given better play,
are highlighted roore and followed up more
frequently — because the same people or
their underlings are responsible for making
the decisions in each case.
So, say big advertisers like Eaton's or the
Liberal party are treated nicely, because the
biggies essentially agree with them.
But a $900 AMS account for B.B. King -
a name Sun publisher Stu Keate probably
associates with a new kid's toy gun?
Needless to say, when contacted, The Sun
and Province biggies, along with radio
station  CKLG, guffawed in disbelief.
Any agreement with these newspapers
exists solely in Gordie's mind. (His what?)
So Gordie was lying to council when he
made that claim. And he was exhibiting a
good deal of stupidity by making the claim
in frontof two Sun reporters.
So let's check off what Gordie did in this
He tried to put political pressure on The
Ubyssey   through   his   advertising.
He then lied to council about a
non-existent sweetheart deal with the
downtown press.
And he stupidly stuck to his lie in the
face of refutation from two Sun reporters
and, later, a host of biggies.
This person is leading the way to integrity
in education?
What a joke. A bad joke, that is.
—canned laughter-
by alan doree —
"If I am elected I promise to
reveal my real identity as Xaviera
Hollander," said shelled
crimefighter and mayoralty
candidate Mr. Peenot at an all-
candidates Bar Mitzvah on BCTV's
news hour Thursday.
George Pull, a mayoralty candidate who is running
on a mahogany platform, said if elected he would
make Vancouver a winning football town by selling
the Granville Mall to the federal government as a dry
dock for Ron Basford's boat and buying the Miami
Dolphins with the proceeds.
"It can't fail, unless, of course, it'does. Jim
Taylor's already bought 50,000 shares in the idea and
if it doesn't work he'll set himself on fire and throw
himself off the top of Allan Fotheringham."
Brian Shambles, a former scatologist with the
large Ukrainian firm of N & DP, said if elected he
would be mayor. "I like that idea," he added.
Art Flips, who was once his own boyhood hero, said
if elected he would continue to be inoffensive. "Just
like the B.C. Lions, who, incidentally, I consider to be
one of the best at whatever it is they do. I've seen
Lions all over the world and none were as nice as
ours, although, I must say I thought none were worse
either, despite a lot of nonsense going around that I
"But what I want to know," said interviewer Keith
Breadberry, "is why you're so silly."
"Let me counter that question with a completely
irrelevant answer. I would like to go on record now —
expecially if I thought it would be a million seller —
as saying the recent Canada-Russia series was very
nice to watch.
"My wife and I saw every second except when we
had to leave the room and do what it is husbands and
wives do, but I don't want to mention it in front of the
kiddies, though, we're not ashamed of going to the
bathroom by any means, sometimes we even take the
train. Both teams played well and both teams should
have won but both teams didn't win. Why was that,
"I think both of them should win so why don't
Canada and Russia gang up on Poland? That way
they could both win. After all Russia and Germany
did it in the war and they both won.
"Can I smile now? How can you fail to vote for
someone with nice teeth like mine that even match
my suit? Keith, wake up, Keith."
"But what I really want to know is why your hair is
never out of place Art."
"It's plastic, Keith, or maybe it's concrete, oh no,
that's my head. I always forget these things but
they'reall on file with the city street repair division."
"Well, turning to my cue cards I see I only have five
minutes left to get something out of you turkeys.
Would any of you care to say something inflammatory or accuse your opponents of having an
affair with their neighbor's Dravinian sledgehound or
five-year-old children? "
"That nut in the shell wants to rename the PNE the
Peanut National Exhibition," said Shambles.
"That was suggested by my campaign manager
Joe Kapp," said Mr. Peenot, cleaning his fingernails
with a snow plow.
"What about TEAM, Art?"
"I believe it's a logico-meaningful extension of Pop
"I meant your party."
"Oh, that's tonight at eight."
"What about the NPA, George?"
"We're very positive, Keith. Our symbol is the
Hindenberg and we're trying to get Amelia Earhart
as our mascot-cum-beauty queen, but she's hard to
get hold of just now."
"Anything else. Yes, Art?"
"I need the money, Keith. Please tell the people to
vote for me and then I can afford to take my little
Timmy, who I raised with my very own hands even
though it gave me a hernia, to some of the best doctors in the world and they can make my little polo
pony walk again." Friday, November  15,  1974
Page 5
In minor league hotkey
Coaches after results not fun
Canadian minor hockey league
coaches put too much emphasis on
results and not enough on involvement, a Canadian sociologist
told a physical education class
John Albinson, speaking in War
Memorial gym, said minor hockey
coaches are "ends-oriented,"
putting too much importance in
winning, statistics and the team's
technical improvement.
"Coaches get their kicks from
the technology involved in the
game," said Albinson.
He said a study he conducted
with 119 Ontario minor hockey
coaches showed competition, self-
satisfaction and fun as being the
three things coaches looked for in
the game.
The study showed self-
satisfaction was achieved in the
games themselves, not in the
Statistics and trophies were the
rewards of hockey, he said.
"Coaches are interested in getting
these rewards."
About 80 per cent of the coaches
said the opportunity to work with
young boys was a prime reason for
But Albinson said the survey
indicated the coaches enjoyed
working on skill development with
the youths rather than working
with the youths per se.
Another part of the study showed
72 per cent of the coaches cited
playing well as the most important
aspect of minor hockey.
Self-satisfaction was rated as
most important by 27 per cent -ef
the coaches, while less than one
per cent thought fairness was most
Albinson is a professor of
physical education at Queen's
University in Kingston, Ont. He
was recently appointed to a federal
government task force studying
children's playing activities.
'We must be socially aware'
Teachers must not only be
concerned with bread and butter
issues such as wages but must
address themselves to the
problems which confront society
today, the president of the B.C.
Teachers Federation said Thursday.
"We have a clear trade union
function in the teachers
federation," Jim MacFarlan told
an Angus building audience. "We
also have a professional function."
MacFarlan said he believes that
salary negotiations are "a local
matter." Teachers' salaries have
risen at the same rate as most
workers in the public and private
sectors, he said.
The BCTF now is placing a
higher priority on improving
learning conditions in schools, he
MacFarlan said the school
system is "not responsive to the
needs of students, but caters to the
needs of the parents" or to the
needs of students, but caters to the
needs of business and industry.
Gage keeps
cool for
big meet
UBC administration president
Walter Gage said Thursday he isn't
too worried about a Nov. 26 grilling
session with the B.C. universities
Gage said the budget submissions the council will question
him about at the secret meeting
have been routinely prepared as
they were under the old universities act.
"We're doing the essential things
we did before," he said.
Gage said he doesn't exactly
know what to expect when the
council, which began operating
Oct. 1, questions him about details
of university costs and
"We have never met before," he
said. The council, headed by former UBC deputy president Bill
Armstrong, replaces a delegation
of university board of governers
members and education department officials who completed
annual university budget
negotiations in Victoria.
"Disciplined minds are
required in government."
9:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m.
Guys-$1.75 Gals $1.00
Couples $2.50
Dance to 'FLAIR'
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The schools "dispense precisely
the same education to all," he said,
but large inequalities exist because
some children are not as well
equipped to take advantage of their
educational opportunities as more
privileged children are.
"Teachers have to begin to work
outside the school system,"
MacFarlan said. They are trying to
give all children equal opportunities to learn through
correction of basic social ills that
underprivileged pupils bring with
them into the classroom, he said.
MacFarlan criticized the
"hierarchical system" which
exists today in the schools. He said
an important issue in the future
MacFARLANE . . . teacher boss
4560 W. 10th.
919 Robson St.
1050 W. Pender
670 Seymour
will be the democratization of the
He said this will occur through
the establishment of staff committees which would make
decisions on curriculum and staff
changes, and finally with the
establishment of a community
council for each school. He emphasized the need for more
decentralization in the running of
But MacFarlan said the schools
are not an effective vehicle for
social change and therefore the
schools can only be improved
through social changes occurring
outside the classroom.
IS NOW OPEN 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m.
HOT LUNCHES a la carte
Buy PE for the reasons
you'd buy a Porsche.
You don't buy a
Porsche to have something
for getting from point A to
point B.
Neither do you get a
PEp if all you want is
something to play your
records on.
Both are precision
engineered in Germany to
do more than their simpler
In PE's case that
means a quiet, precise
motor and a heavy platter.
A single-play spindle
that turns with the platter
to prevent centre-hole
And speeds which you
can vary ever so slightly,
if you please, to make the
record's pitch match more
closely the live instrument's
Another thing.
A Porsche is all the
more desirable because
roads aren't all perfectly
Likewise, a PE
because no record is
perfectly flat.
No matter how the
record undulates, PE keeps
the stylus in the groove.
We could go on about
tracking geometry and
pressure, suspension, anti-
skating and such, but you
just bring in a record that's
far from perfect and see
for yourself.
And what about safety
Nearly everyone offers
cueing, but not
everybody's is damped
in both upward and
downward directions.
PE's is.
And who else aside
from PE has a fail-safe
system which prevents the
tonearm from descending
on the platter unless
there's a record on it?
Eventually these may
become standard like
seat belts, but at the
The price?
From not quite what
you'd expect to what you'd
expect. $109.00 to $199.50.
But of course, you're
not going to get sold on
any piece of engineering
excellence just reading
about it.
Come in for a spin.
It's how Porsches and
P.E.'s are sold. Wfl
Base, cover and cartridge not included.
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Noresco, 425 Alness Street, Downsview, Ontario. Offices in Quebec City, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary, Edmonton and Vancouver.
Friday, November  15,   1974
'UBC o.k. in Kamloops'
From page 1
often criticized as being a
university for the lower mainland.
But the "grass roots" feeling of
Kamloops indicate otherwise, he
"I don't particularly get that
feeling up here," he said. "There is
a reservoir of good feeling in
In his speech, Kenny said the
university's greatest contribution
is its education of B.C.'s sons and
J'Our youth, male and female, is
the most important natural
resource that the province has," he
And, since more than 50 per cent
of arts students are women, Kenny
said, "Your university does not
have to face the fires of women on
its admission policies."
Kenny said in his speech he is
"particularly impressed with the
necessity of having an educated
citizenry if our democratic institutions are to survive."
"Democratic institutions are
rooted in our sense of human
dignity," he said. "Moreover,
there is no greater glory and opportunity for those who have obtained a higher education than to
serve in the political processes of
their country."
UBC has partly helped to shape
some of the political leaders of this
country, Kenny said, and cited the
22 B.C. MLAs and nine MPs who
graduated from UBC as examples.
"The quality of our life has come
about largely through the greater
intellectual and inventive skills of'
our citizens and much of this is due
to the university," he said.
"Many graduates also serve on
local governments," he said.
"Their responsibility is all the
greater because of the golden wand
of knowledge which they have
Kenny said the more than 800
UBC   geologists   and   geological
Houses to be temporary
From page 1
amount of tools, possibly just a
Instead of using a usual cement-
style basement, the project intends
to use cement blocks onto which
the vertical beams of the house will
be attached.
Fairbairn said the proposed
project is strictly temporary and
could be taken down and without
any great damage to the environment if the idea turned out to
be a failure.
He said it roads were not built
into the homes, then the only trees
cut down would be those directly in
the path of the house.
Fairbairn said all materials for
the houses could be carried into the
project site from the nearest road
with little difficulty.
Haynes said the flexibility of the
project allowed for flexibility in the
financial arrangement for
He said students could either
rent the materials in the structure
or buy them.
Haynes said since the structure ;
could be taken down and easily
moved, a student could buy the
materials and at the end of the
year move the house somewhere
He said students could even
design the size and shape of their
homes because the houses do not
require a basement. To adjust the
shape of the house, all the student
has to do is adjust the different
beams in the house.
Haynes said the costs would only
include the materials used since
everything else involved in the
design will be handled by students
and the manufacturer of the house
itself can be done by the students.
Fairbairn said demonstration
units for the program will hold 20
to 30 students.
He said the important thing now
is to get student input.
Haynes said they are interested
in receiving inputs for every aspect
of student housing.
He said they wished to avoid the
sort of mistakes which plague
many student residences.
Haynes cited the cupboards in
More on Gordie
From page 1
When asked what he would do if a potential advertiser were to ask for
a special arrangement, Anakasaid: "I wouldn't take the business."
He said that because of government regulations, all radio stations
must log publicity as advertising time.
"He (Blankstein) may have done that (made a special arrangement)
up country in a smaller station, but he wouldn't get away with it in the
big market."
Blankstein made his original statement about the Sun during Wednesday's student council meeting.
Ubyssey editor Lesley Krueger had accused Blankstein of trying to
exert editorial pressure on the paper by threatening to withdraw $900 in
special events advertising.
(Blankstein made the threat Friday in front of a number of witnesses
when he came into the Ubyssey newsroom to complain of the placement
and length of a review of a recent concert.)
But Blankstein told council the intent of his discussion with Krueger
was to get more advance notice for concerts.
It was at this point during the council debate that he said the Sun
supplies free publicity for concerts advertised in the paper.
$1,500 - 9 months
to students wishing to enter the first or subsequent
professional year of a degree course in Mining,
Mineral or Extractive and Process Metallurgical Engineering
For applications contact:
The Secretary,
Canadian Mineral Industry Education Foundation,
P.O. Box 45, Commerce Court West, Toronto, Ont.
The Dean of Engineering
Applied Science
the Gage towers which are not
large enough to take a regular 12-
inch dinner plate as an example of
poor planning.
engineers have helped to develop
mineral and petroleum resources
with a value of more than $35
"This is only one example from a
roster of unparalleled economic
achievements made by our
graduates for the benefit of this
province and nation," he said.
"To pick from the rich but
bewildering landscape of the accomplishments of our scientist like
myself," he said.
Kenny said Thursday he is
planning future trips to Vancouver
Island and northern and western
As in Kelowna Oct. 25, when he
spoke to the Kelowna branch of the
Alumni Association, Kenny was
introduced to his Kamloops
audience by current Alma Mater
Society president Gordie
Kenny told The Ubyssey
Blankstein is "a worthwhile person
to be along."
frank sex comedy.
R. McDonald,
B.C. Director
Sunday 2:20, 4:15,
6:05, 8:10
I The Taking of Pelham One Two Three'
I MATURE— Coarse Shows At: 12:10, 2:30,
9I> GRANVILLE   Language and Swearing 4:45, 7:05, 9:25
6(3-3434     Throughout—R. McDonald, B.C. Director
SHOW TIMES: 12:15,
2:30.   4:45.   7:15.   9:45
WARNING—You'll feel  it as well as see it with
sensurround.    The    management    assumes    no
responsibility   for   the   physical   or   emotional
reactions of the individual viewer.
Shows at 7:30 -9:45       Mat. Sat. & Sun. 2 P.M.
730   9:30     f      GRAND   \   CARTOON-SCIENCE   FICTION
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when you have Tampax
tampons tucked discreetly
into the pocket of your parka.
BARRIE.   ONTARIO  workerh istoryworkerh istoryworkerh istoryworkerh istoryworkerh it
Attempted neutrality dulls study
An "official version" of the working class
struggle is produced in Stuart Jamieson's
volume, available as study number 22 in the
government publication series Studies of the
Task Force on Labor Relations. This work
was commissioned by the federal government in response to the labor unrest that
occurred during 1965-66.
Jamieson's book suffers from an ailment
common to all attempts at giving an official
motivated these labor confrontations. But
this is presumably too much to ask for in a
government report. Or perhaps limitations
of space forced Jamieson to forego the attempt to include these elements.
This is not to say that his work is not
useful. Indeed he has provided an excellent
survey of Canadian labor history. It is a
truly compendious account of all the labor
turmoil, large and small, that occurred
during the time period he treats.
Each event covered retells the same
story: the worker must fight for what
little he has.
version of some event: it tries to be neutral.
To preserve his credentials of objectivity,
Jamieson restrains himself from giving the
perceptions of the participants in these
labor struggles. He simply recites names,
dates, numbers and other "objective"
Times of Trouble: Labour Unrest and Industrial Conflict in Canada, 1900-66,
by Stuart M. Jamieson, 1971.
The only time that the reader is relieved
from this dreariness of objectivity is when
Jamieson either evaluates his own task or
attempts to assess his materials. The former occurs in the introduction and conclusion of the work, and the latter is scattered in small bits throughout.
A more pleasing history would attempt to
engender in the reader a feeling for the
drama, the passions and the ideals that
The work is an invaluable guide to an
important part of our history. It presents all
the essential facts and provides a comprehensive bibliography to enable the
reader to really explore the history of the
events being recorded.
He breaks his volume down into roughly
10-year intervals and then recites, in no
special order, the details of what went on.
Although no complaint can be made about
the content of the account, this format is less
than desirable. The work reads more like a
roll call than a history.
A successful history educates. Jamieson
is aware of this and discusses it briefly in his
introduction. What he is apparently not
aware of is that "value-free" surveys of
events cannot educate. The historian must
have a thesis that gives substance and
direction to the data that he is assembling.
Jamieson has written a history with the
intention of enabling the bureaucrats to
learn the lessons of history, but he has not
managed to expose just what those lessons
Perhaps this is too harsh a criticism.
Jamieson does propose the following lesson
of history: The labor crisis of 1965-66 was not
a real crisis becajuse it did not differ terribly
dramatically from past upsurges of labor
This reviewer finds that to be a weak
excuse for writing a history. But then, we
must consider that. Jamieson was in the
employ of the government, and they were
not in the market for a history that would
criticize the status quo too heavily.
Jamieson does show a sympathy for the
worker and his problems in Canadian
society. He notes again and again that until
the late 40s the system of laws was clearly
stacked against the worker.
"The law, as stressed earlier, went
to great lengths to protect employers' property and freedom to
use their property pretty much as
they saw fit, while providing little or
no protection of workers' freedom to
organize to protect their jobs and
livelihoods. That source of inequity
or injustice has been largely
corrected, in principle at least, by
legislation passed during and since
World War II. But a basic inconsistency in ideology and policy
remains, and it is one that goes far
toward explaining the scope and
frequency of industrial conflict in
One revelation that this book really forces
upon the reader is the nature of the on-going,
seemingly unchanging struggle on the part
of the worker to have his fair share of the
economic pie. Each event covered in this
book is just another re-telling of the same
story: the worker must fight for what little
he has. -
arise and
read this
This week, Page Friday focuses
on a select number of books
published recently that have
received little publicity, published
criticism or discussion in the
classroom. This is unfortunate for
these are indispensable works that
represent the first concerted efforts by a number of writers to
describe the history of working
class struggles in Canada.
In standard history textbooks,
churned out by academics, the
history of a people is overwhelmingly represented as the
history of its ruling political and
economic class. The development
of Canada is described in terms of
life-studies of lieutenant-
governors, prime ministers,
colonels, British industrialists and
CPR executives.
This gives an enormously
distorted picture of our past
because omitted are descriptions
of the lives of the great body of the
population. These books try to
correct that vision. They deal with
events such as the on-to-Ottawa
trek, the great labor strikes at the
turn of the century — all the basic
essentials of our past that with
sphinx-like ingenuity have been
wiped out of our minds and
Jack Scott's Sweat and Struggle
is a rare and trenchant study of
labor st uggles in the last century,
Irving Abella's On Strike: Six Key
Labour-Struggles in Canada 1919-
1949, describes the most significant
capital-labor confrontations of the
present century. Taken together,
these two books present an expansive if not comprehensive
overview of Canadian radical
See pf 9: Social
Page Friday, 2
Friday, November  15,  1974 imrkerhistoryworkerhistoryworkerhistoryworkerhistoryu)orkerhi
Scott book a milestone
This book is one of the milestones of
Canadian historical research in the last
decade. Scott himself gives the reason for
the necessity and importance of his work in
the opening passage of the book:
"Historians with a few exceptions
take virtually no note of the
existence of workers in society.
They cause their alleged historical
accounts to revolve around individual personalities, men of
genius and outstanding ability who
make history and shape humanity's
destiny. . . . The aspect of history
that concerns the exploitation of
people and their resistance to it is
left largely untouched by
Sweat   and   Struggle:    Working   Class
Struggles in Canada Vol. I: 1789-1899,
by Jack scott,
New Star Books, Vancouver, $2.
Scott tries to remedy this situation. His
perspective is radically different from those
of previous accounts; he puts the actions
and struggles of industrial and agrarian
laborers in the foreground and argues that
the actual socio-economic development and
production of real wealth are determined by
Secondly he details the early development
of working-class consciousness in Canada
beginning around the time of the American
Revolution and the growth of primitive
trade unionism in the early 1800s.
Scott believes the few previous accounts
of labor history are themselves deficient in
their emphasis on labor organization, on
bureaucracy. Scott says:
"Organization grew out of struggle,
not the contrary.  Struggle came
first      and      is       permanent;
organization  is  secondary  and
subservient  to  struggle  and  impermanent. . . . The object of the
present study ... is to set the act of
struggle in the forefront."
Scott begins his study with a description of
a   pre-industrial   labor   dispute   —   a
disagreement between company fur traders
and their servants. This however was a
minor skirmish and an actual proletariat
did not develop in Upper Canada (present-
day Ontario) until the beginning of the 19th
The records of this early period are obscure. The workers themselves were often
illiterate and hardly in a position to leave
memoranda of their activities; the ruling
classes on the other hand had neither the
interest nor the desire to record the
struggles of their enemies.
What few accounts there are, are almost
always hostile, viciously prejudiced and
pejorative. Scott painstakingly sifts through
this barren material, trying to retrace the
lives of people whose efforts to free themselves have been almost thoroughly erased
from history.
Working with government histories,
company reports, conservative newspaper
editorials and a few other clues, he creates a
skeleton story of the first strikes and the
first attempts at forming "societies" (the
early name for unions) in the 1820s and 30s
in Halifax, York, Hamilton and Montreal.
What records these societies had were kept
secret from workers and consequently most
records have disappeared forever. The
demands they fought were astonishingly
minimal — for example fighting for not
more than a 10-hour day.
Scott's book is interesting not just for the
history that it discovers but for the way it
reinterprets the old conventional history.
The rebellion of 1837, for example is
revealed not as a great revolt of the masses
but as essentially a revolt of the small
merchants and shopkeepers against the
feudal relics of British imperialism. William
Lyon Mackenzie, usually conceived an arch
radical comes out as fairly reactionary. In
his capacity as master printer, he was
hostile to printers organizing for shorter
hours "and was quite unhappy in the
presence of organized workmen."
After the 1837 rebellion was brutally put
down, workers' societies were for a time
extinguished but a resurgence came in the
late 1840s. Scott gives a brilliant description
of the famous Lachine strike of 1843 by Irish
immigrant workers which heralded the
emerging consciousness of the working
class. He exposes George Brown, first
leader of the Canadian Liberals as brutally
anti-working class even though he voiced
progressive sentiment. He was in fact instrumental in crushing printers' strikes in
1854 and again in 1872.
During the 1880s labor actually suffered
setbacks and in the midst of a severe
depression workers went on strike, not to
gain an increase in their bare subsistence
wages, but to fight proposed reductions by
their employers. The period from 1888-1892
experienced particularly fierce labor
struggles with 22 major strikes occurring in
Workers fought not only for a nine-hour
day, and reasonable wages, but for the
elimination of child labor (which was
peculiarly intense in Quebec cotton mills)
which had increased since the 1850s and for
the barest safety regulations.
The main large labor organization was the
American-based Knights of Labor which,
however, began to lose ground to the
younger American Federation of Labor
toward  the   end   of   the   century.   Scott
CHILD LABOR ... nine and 10-year-olds worked 12 hour days without a break in 19th
century Ontario textile mills.
describes the difference between the two
this way:
"The Knights of Labor were an
industrial form of organization
embracing within its structure all
workers regardless of skill, trade,
or calling and serving all -
equally. ... It tended more
definitely to represent the interests
of workers as a CLASS rather than
the narrow interests of the
privileged few. . . . The ideas of
Marx, Engels, Bakunin, other
European socialists and American
radicals were freely discussed and
debated in the movement. . . .
whereas the A.F. of L. was designed
to promote unions exclusive to
skilled workers and rejecting
politics. . . . They became ardent
defenders of capitalism and . . .
entered into partnership with the
exploiters of labor."
Of course as we all know, the A.F.L. won
its struggle with the Knights of Labor and its
descendents still dominate the North
American labor scene today. Scott considers
this   development   a   disaster   and   his
B.C. LUMBER CAMP   . .. only established on large-scale in late 19th century. Working conditions were bad.
description of the A.F.L.'s victory over its
rivals under the leadership of Samuel
Gompers is one of the most powerful and
chilling sections in the book.
Although I consider this a very important
book, it has serious flaws. Mainly it lacks
comprehension both in its exposition, or its
analysis of the facts. For example the whole
period of the 1860s and 1870s is lightly passed
over and Scott concentrated on one representative capitalist, George Brown and his
struggles with the printers' unions.
There is also much superfluity.
In 1837 the English Chartists sent a letter
of support to the Lower Canada rebels and
Papineau and his comrades sent back a
letter of appreciation. Scott reprints these
letters verbatim. They consist mainly of a
sort of radical devotional rhetoric and occupy many pages when all one learns from
them — that the Chartists supported the
Canadian rebels — could have been compressed in one sentence.
He does the same thing in his section on
the Northwest rebellion where he quotes
long editorials from labor journals, supporting Riel to establish the simple fact that
the workers had their hearts in the right
One feels a great deal of the material has
not been properly assimilated. Also, he
sometimes does the very thing he promises
not to do — that is, spend too much time on a
particular individual, rather than on large
group struggles. He describes in harrowing
detail the ruthless greed and brutality of
characters such as George Brown and
Robert Dunsmuir but forgets to mention
hundreds of other just as important figures.
Most seriously, he does not give the needed
analysis of key events such as the gradual
takeover of small Canadian unions by the
large American internationals in the late
But when all is said and done this is still an
impressive book. The concluding section on
British Columbia labor history is splendid
and worth the whole book by itself. He gives
an intensive, acute description of the
Nanaimo coal miners' strikes and other
important but forgotten aspects of West
Coast struggles.
One of the reasons for the rough edges is
that Scott is breaking new ground. He is
entering territory that most historians have
heretofore avoided and so he is working
almost entirely alone having to fall back on
nearly inaccessible original sources.
Although much of the research still needs to
be done, Scott's book will be looked on in 100
years time as a pioneering work. One looks
forward to the coming volumes dealing with
present century struggles which Scott's
publishers have been promising us for a long
Friday, November  15,  1974
Page Friday, 3 workerhistoryuMrkerhistoryuwrkerhistoryuwrkerhistoryuiorkerhu
Oppression 'strike9 theme
"The thirty years between 1919 and 1949
were a time of torment and travail for
Canadian labour" writes Irving Abella in his
introduction to On Strike, "a time in which it
was beset with crisis, catastrophe upon
This collection of essays then is intended to
broaden our understanding of some of the .
main events of this period for the labor
On Strike:  Six Key Labour Struggles in
Canada 1919-1949,
Edited by Irving Abella,
Toronto, James Lewis & Samuel, 1974.
movement, and in this way gain a deeper
insight into how labor has evolved into the
organization it is today.
For Abella the significance of this period
is it represents a necessary period of conflict for the Canadian labor movement to
consolidate as an important social
force. Each of these strikes represents a
major turning point for Canadian labor.
The strikes covered include the Winnipeg
General Strike of 1919; the strike of the
Estevan coal miners in 1931; the Stratford,
Ont., strike of furniture workers in 1933; the
important autoworkers strikes — Oshawa in
1937, Ford Windsor in 1945; and the violent
Asbestos strike of 1949.
Abella quite rightly points to the lack of
knowledge concerning all but the first and
last mentioned as an indictment of Canada's
academic historians for their general
disregard of labor history. The strikes
themselves, besides the importance they
hold for an understanding of Canadian labor
history and the situation of unionism today,
make fascinating reading.
There is, for instance, the time the Ontario
government sent armed troops, police and
four armoured vehicles, replete with
machine guns, into Stratford to keep "order" during a strike of furniture workers.
The city council, in consultation with the
factory-owners, were convinced that the
strikers were communists, set on violent
That the strikers were largely composed
of "chicken pluckers" — young women
brought  from   the  countryside  to  pluck
chicken feathers for the stuffing of
chesterfields — was not at issue, or given
much consideration. The important fact was
that the strikers were represented by
organizers of the old Workers' Unity
League, which the council claimed was
The troops, finding nothing to do during
the peaceful strike, stayed confined to their
barracks, coming out only for an occasional
softball game.
Other strikes, of course, were much less
In Estevan, Sask. miners whose wages
were being cut were forced to live in
abominable company towns where few or no
essential services were provided and who
worked in terrible conditions. They struck
the mines of the Souris coal field in 1931.
The miners demanded recognition of their
union, the Mine Workers Union of Canada,
as their bargaining agent. Besides this, they
called for improved and enforced safety
standards in the mines, and the provisions of
such rudimentary services as garbage
disposal and medical services in the towns.
A parade organized by the strikers in
order to drum up support in the town of
Estevan was declared illegal by the Estevan
city council. They failed, however, to advise
the strike organizers of this. When the
cavalcade of unarmed strikers arrived in
Estevan they were greeted by RCMP officers and the local fire department. A riot
resulted, in which three miners were killed
and 13 others shot.
Similar violent outbreaks involving the
civil power and strikers occurred at Winnipeg in 1919, and at Asbestos in 1949.
Canadian strikes have not always been tame
affairs in which all the action was at the
bargaining table.
Most employers fought the unionization
and organization of their employees,
resisting it whenever possible and accepting
only when forced.
Such resistance often led to the invocation
of governmental aid. Most Canadian
governments, at all levels, were glad to be of
assistance in blocking unionization and
breaking strikes.
The Oshawa strike of 1937 is a case in
point. There General Motors had resisted
and discouraged unionization at its great
fabrication plant throughout the 20s and well
into the 30s. Although its workers were
finally organized as members of the United
Auto Workers, the company would not
recognize or bargain with the union.
When the workers struck — again for
rudimentary demands such as an eight-hour
day, the establishment of a system of shop
stewards to take grievances before
management, and "payday every other
Friday", the company called on the Ontario
government for aid.
Enter the mercurial Ontario premier
Mitch Hepburn. Elected as a pro-labor
candidate in 1934, he had enacted a number
of progressive reforms during his early days
in office, Hepburn had been brought around
by his friends, including George
McCullagh, notoriously anti-labor editor of
This book is well written and researched.
Each contributor has thoroughly researched
his topic and presented a good, comprehensive, though short study of it.
There are however, a number of areas
where the book is inadequate.
Largely because of the nature of material
which is available — union documents and
newspapers, government reports and interviews with main participants — the view
of the events with which we are left is
largely that of the central participants.
There is a great emphasis on activities of
government mediators, union leaders and
company spokesmen. Except, perhaps, for
S. D. Hanson's treatment of the Estevan
strike the articles neglect the activities of
rank-and-file strikers. Also neglected are
the activities of company officials and board
This period represents a consolidation of the Canadian labor
movement as an important social
the Globe and Mail and mining capitalists
like J. P. Bickell and Sir James Dunn.
Hepburn did everything within his power
to break the strike. He attacked the union as
being communist and at one point claimed
he had secret documents indicating they
planned violence. He declared the strike
was "the first open attempt of (John) Lewis
and his CIO (Congress of Industrial
Organizations) henchmen to assume the
position of dominance and dictating to
Canadian industry."
As the strike progressed Hepburn
steadfastly refused to speak to union
representatives and when his labor minister
David Croll, refused to take the side of GM
in the strike, he fired him and took the
portfolio himself.
One of the important political consequences of the strike, besides the
establishment of the UAW as an important
institution in Ontario, was the ultimate
demise of the Ontario Liberal Party due
mainly to Hepburn's complete alienation of
labor support.
members, outside of those actually engaged
in bargaining.
This leaves us at a loss as to the
relationships, for example, between rank-
and-file workers and their more militant,
often radical or communist, leaderships.
How radical were the actual members of the
striking unions? The book often leaves this
question unanswered.
The book also lacks continuity. A book of
essays, no matter how well written, is not in
itself sufficiently complete to provide us
with a comprehensive picture of the complex developments within labor and industries that occured during the 20s and 30s.
None of the strikes covered, for example,
occurred during the 20s.
We are given a partial response to this
criticism, it is true in Abella's promise of
more volumes on Canadian labour
struggles. Until these materialize, however,
On Strike remains an insightful but incomplete supplement to the otherwise too
skimpy volume of literature on Canadian
labour during the crucial inter-war period.
Political economy sloppy stuff
Anyone intending to read this book to
discover some sort of comprehensive and
definitive word on B.C. political economy
from a socialist perspective is in for a
This collection of essays, most of which
were presented at the first conference of the
B.C. Committee on Socialist Studies held at
UBC in Jan. 1973, is primarily meant to
Essays in B.C. Political Economy,
Paul Knox and Philip Resnick eds.,
New Star Books, Vancouver, 81 pages, $2
introduce a regionalized Marxist-oriented
perspective to Canadian economic analysis
as an alternative to the dominant discipline-
oriented American academic tradition.
In the book's introduction editors Knox
and Resnick, a former political science
graduate studying B.C. labor and an
assistant polisci professor respectively,
acknowledge that the book is far from
complete, but one must question the wisdom
of publishing the book at all considering its
obviously incomplete treatment of the topic.
A concerted effort by B.C. academics and
writers to establish economic and social
analysis based on class and social forces
rathe, than a middle class emphasis on
political processes, is long overdue.
The appearance of the B.C. socialist
studies committee, an offshoot of the
Canadian committee on socialist studies, is
welcomed then, but as their first published
effort, this volume is indeed a disappointment. The book's unenergetic form
indicates the committee is a collection of
individuals with some similar outlooks
rather than a spirited movement in any
significant sense.
Other than the appearance of this
publication the committee has shown little
activity since, echoing the rather sporadic
record of its Canadian-wide parent
A second B.C. conference is planned for
February at an as yet undisclosed Vancouver location, centering around the topic
Social Democracy in Power.
Hopefully the conference will evolve into
something more dynamic and influential
rather than simply dissolve until its next
meeting as yet another isolated attempt by
socialist intellectuals to come up with
something concrete.
A useful framework for future study is
provided by Resnick's overview of the topic
in the volume, which largely for this reason
is the most useful and important work the
book offers.
Resnick notes the crying need for analysis
of Canadian political economy that avoids
the usual Ontario-based bias of viewing
Canada as essentially a centralized nation-
state with a homogeneous ruling and
working class.
He deplores the lack of works, especially
from regional authors that examine the
regional peculiarities of a regionalized
nation, suggesting B.C. as the most obvious
study of this sort other than Quebec.
Resnick's suggested framework for
examining the situation roughly combines
the metropolis-hinterland perspective
developed by Marxist theoritician Gundar
Frank in studying Latin America, with a
version of the largely abandoned staple
theory of pre-Second World War liberal
Canadian analysist such as Harold Innis,
which emphasizes class relations evolving
from staple (resource industry) production
rather than just the production of staples.
Resnick sees B.C. as a hinterland region
principally producing cheap raw materials
for various national markets.
He believes B.C. is unique compared to
other Canadian hinterland regions by the
B.C. bourgeoisie, because of its large supply
of primary rather than secondary products,
having many more direct links to Europe,
United States and Japan.
He sees this relative freedom of
manoeuvrability by B.C. business interests
as a key factor of production feeding the
strong sense of autonomy and even separtist
sentiments, characteristic of B.C.
The narrow, resource-intensive base of
B.C.'s economy has led, in the name of
capitalist efficiency, to the consolidation in
a virtual monopoly situation of the resource
(mining, forestry) sectors in the hands of a
few corporate giants such as MacMillan-
Bloedel, Anaconda, Kaiser and Crown-
Since these firms' autonomy rests on their
tight command over a raw material-
oriented economy they have resisted attempts toward development of secondary
industry in B.C. that would make the
province more self-sufficient but also
lessen the autonomy of the corporate giants.
Also, he notes, such B.C. business interests have been especially strong resisters
to nationalism because of the comparitively
free trade, internationalist nature of their
trade, compared with other regions.
The total result, Resnick contends, is a
B.C. economy featuring high unemployment
coupled with artificial prosperity and the
appropriation elsewhere of economic surplus from B.C. production.
He also notes a strong, especially radical
.labor movement has developed in B.C.,
polarizing the political situation, emulating
from widespread gross exploitation of
workers, widely typical of resource-
extraction industries.
He sees the establishment of a significant
amount of publicly-owned industry in both
primary and secondary sectors of the
economy to alter the B.C. economic condition described, as the key test of the New
Democratic provincial government.
But only nine pages in length, Resnick's
essay, though a valuable starting point is
also superficial.
The rest of the book however is not even as
comprehensive as his article, presenting a
token front in short articles on the forest
industry, the B.C. power elite, early radical
literature in B.C., and a few radical samplings of contemporary B.C. poetry.
Articles by Knox and Resnick on
organizational attempts by Canadian unions
in Trail and Kitimat are little more than
transcripts of interviews with people involved, offering little analytical overview.
Similarly articles by UBC English
professor Vic Hopwood and long-time
Canadian poet Dorothy Livesay, apparently
included to provide cultural input are
roughly organized and rambling accounts.
All in all, the collection at best could serve
as an introduction to the B.C. economy for
undergraduates — especially Resnick's
article — but certainly only a partial introduction.
One hopes this work is only the first of a
growing number of publications along
similar lines. But if future efforts aren't
better organized than this one the credibility
of a socialist studies movement in B.C. can
only suffer.
Page Friday, 4
Friday, November  15,   1974 workerh istoryuoorkerh istoryworkerh istoryworkerh istoryworkerhi
Dirty 30s shocked Briton
Mass demonstrations, a sit-in, police
brutality. ... It all sounds familiarly
modern. But this was Vancouver in 1935, the
scene for an extraordinary episode in the
largely unwritten working-class history of
Canada which the professional historians
have ignored, effectively obliterating it
from the national consciousness.
As the preface to this memoir points outs,
"most people  in Canada  know  little  if
Ronald Liversedge, Recollections of the On ■
to Ottawa Trek.
McLelland & Stewart, 1973.
anything about the expedition. There are
occasional references, a chapter here and
there in  historical and autobiographical
akin to paradise on earth. It is not necessary
to describe the fatuous, insensitive
arrogance of the man, since his own
language condemns him in the House of
Commons speeches which he made, and
which are reprinted at the end of this book.
For what could be more indicative of the
kind of man Bennett was than this glowing
description of the camps which he impressed upon Parliament.
"One of the most distinguished labor
ministers of England, who has since passed
to the great beyond, when on a visit to this
country stated that this was one of the most
amazing ventures from the standpoint of
social principle that he had ever seen."
Oddly enough Sir Neville Henderson, the
British ambassador to Berlin in the late 30s
On To Ottawa Trek (1935):
their mission in Regina.
out-of-work men in Calgary before RCMP brutally ended
accounts, but nothing more." The importance of a book like this is the sense of
continuity it provides between the struggles
of a generation which has faded and the
ongoing fight against the agencies of
capitalist exploitation today.
In 1932 the federal government created
the Unemployment Relief Scheme — a
system of relief camps providing subsistence shelter and work for homeless
unemployed single men across Canada.
Intended initially to handle 2,000 men the
camps had swollen to hold 170,248 by 1936. A
man there was paid 20 cents a day to work 5-
1/2 days a week on projects like road and
airport construction. This form of state-
sponsored exploitation was stark, but in a
country without a welfare system for either
the sick or the unemployed it kept you alive,
it kept you from starvation.
And as the numbers in the camps grew so
did the Relief Camp Workers Union, a union
greatly strengthened by the kind of men who
were thrown onto the streets in those days —
educated men, law students, even chartered
accountants. Liversedge was not one of
these, but a Yorkshire-born working-class
exile who had arrived in Canada only to find
that the land of opportunity was just another
replica of the depressed Britain he had left
The bundle of cliched prejudices which
made up Conservative philosophy was an
exquisite copy of their imperial masters.
"This government is not here to subsidize
idleness," warned Prime Minister R. B.
And so the scene was gradually set for the
explosion which came in 1935. The
inevitability of the clash which came is
highlighted by some of the documents
printed at the end of Liversedge's book.
For example, although the camps were
miserable barrack-like institutions where
the men were badly housed, poorly fed, and
harassed by police raiders on the alert for
any signs of dangerous trade-union activity,
Bennett blindly insisted that the camps were
and friend of Goering, described the Jewish
concentration camps in similarly euphoric
terms in his diplomatic memoirs. Liversedge, however, who had what from Bennett's viewpoint was the good fortune to be
in one, bitterly describes the relief camps as
"slave camps."
And when on April 4,1935 about 1,500 relief
camp workers in B.C. walked out and
marched to Vancouver to publicize their
grievances, even The Vancouver Sun, a
newspaper not known for its support for the
underprivileged, unctuously commented:
"The only wonder is that these poor fellows
have not made such demonstrations
before." The contrasts of the time were even
more starkly illustrated when the local
dignitaries on Vancouver council refused
relief to the strikes yet gave a civic welcome
to a visiting Nazi battleship.
As the strikers grew in number Vancouver
went through a two-month phase of massive
The strikers used to march in and out of
department stores, soliciting the support of
shoppers, but at the Bay the police went
berserk, and the store was considerably
damaged in the ensuing struggle. As despair
and hunger began to set in the strikers fixed
on a sit-in at one place where they knew the
the U.S.A., was charged by mounted police
and broken up with extreme violence. And
for the Relief Camp strikers Regina was to
come as the climax of their protest, but
scarcely in the way they had expected.
Bennett dispatched two cabinet ministers
to Regina as a delaying tactic, and then
The author, a Yorkshire-born
working-class exile, arrived in
Canada to find the land of opportunity a replica of the depressed
Britain he left behind.
police would not dare to repeat their Bay
tactics — the city museum. Five hundred
men took the building over without
disturbance until the city council grudgingly
acceded to their demand for two meal
tickets a day each for six days.
After two months had gone by without the
whisper of a response from Ottawa, the
original enthusiasm and solidarity began to
wear thin, and the notion of the On to Ottawa
Trek was born, to revive the morale of the
strikers. Since Ottawa would not respond,
the strikers would go to Ottawa. And so, on
June 3,1935 about 1,000 relief camp strikers
left Vancouver for Kamloops on the first
stage of the trek. It was a gesture of almost
epic significance, since the men were
exhausted by their strike activities.
Liversedge remarks, "Every one of these
men had been living a tense life for the past
three months, a life of constant activity,
picketing, demonstrating, door-to-door
canvassing, fighting with the police, many
of them spending some time in jail; always
hungry, and for many the floor of our
meeting halls had been their nightly couch."
From Kamloops the marchers went to
Calgary, from Calgary to Medicine Hat. The
numbers rose to 2,500 with the arrival of
detachments from places like Edmonton,
and the spirits of the men began to rise
The long haul across the prairies only
deepened the resolve of the men, as another
contrast became apparent. In Liversedge's
words, "There was very little in the way of
crops evident as we trundled along on the
boxcars. What was the use of growing wheat
when all the elevators were full to bursting
point. No matter that millions of people in
the world starved, along with scores of
thousands in Canada, as long as the people
didn't have money to buy, then the goods
and food would remain locked away,
guarded by armed men."
The provincial authorities were happy to
let the strikers through, and to pass the buck
on to Ottawa. But things were beginning to
get hotter as the distance between the
government and the strikers dwindled.
Bennett's explanation of the trek was naive
in the extreme:
"The government realizes that a number
R. B. Bennett prided his notorious
depression relief camps as 'one of
the most amazing ventures from the
standpoint of social principle' ever
street demonstrations, with up to 15,000
people marching through the downtown
district calling for a change of government
policies. The government, 3,000 miles away
in Ottawa, was unperturbed by such distant
symptoms of discontent, and Section 98 of
the Criminal Code was invoked, allowing the
police to imprison "parties to a seditious
conspiracy" at will, unless the victims could
prove their "innocence."
The two highlights of this period were the
Hudson's Bay disturbance and the sit-in.
of younger men of no evil disposition who
have been taken from these camps and
induced to believe that they were victims of
hardship and of wrong on the part of the
government of the country have been
State violence began to increase. Back in
Vancouver the Longshoremen had been
locked out by the West Coast Shipping
Federation bosses. A parade headed by
First World War veterans, which was
protesting the use of imported scabs from
invited the strike committee to come or.
ahead to talk with him at Ottawa. This they
did, and "The interview between tr-.
Delegation of Strikers and the Primt
Minister and his Cabinet" which is printed
in full as an appendix to this book provides
an amazing ' example of the chasm
separating the two sides.
On the one hand there were the strikers,
working men passionately attempting to
transmit their knowledge and indignation of
their sufferings; on the other, Bennett,
bland, urbane, patronizing, obviously
believing himself to be faced by a
troublesome handful of agitators and
scroungers. The meeting was utterly sterile,
but it provided the government with some
convenient propaganda. After all, now they
had shown their willingness to talk to the
And Bennett was determined that the
strikers were to get no further than Regina.
For their next step would have been Winnipeg, and Winnipeg not only had the
threads of a radical working-class tradition,
it also contained 3,000 relatively well-
organized, unemployed men who would
provide a massive boost to the trekkers both
in numbers and morale.
Thus police violence was stepped up.
Strikers attempting to get beyond Regina
were arrested and jailed, and the climax
came at the July 1 Dominion Day rally.
As 1,500 people attended the rally, four
large furniture vans quietly drew up, a
whistle blew, and out stormed the goon
squads of Mounties, each one armed with a
baseball bat. Ironically, one of the first
people to get beaten was a luckless plainclothes detective, who later died. The
fleeing crowd discovered that they were
hemmed in, and barricades were quickly
thrown up as the police turned to tear gas
and revolvers.
The strikers retreated to the exhibition
grounds, where they were camped out,
licking their wounds. One hundred had been
arrested, 40 were suffering from gunshot
wounds. The next morning the strikers woke
to find themselves surrounded by Mounties
with mounted Vickers machine guns: "It
was the first Canadian concentration
The trek was finished. It was defeated, but
it was also a kind of victory. The province
took over the running of the camps from the
hated Department of National Defense, and
wages were raised to 40 cents an hour (an
agreement later cynically annulled).
At the election a few months later, the
Conservatives were swept from office for 25
years, and the Hon. R. B. Bennett journeyed
to England to accept a title, Viscount
Bennett of Calgary. The Report of the
Regina Riot Inquiry Commission decided,
with exquisite reasoning, that the police
used no more force than was necessary."
"Why should three or four policemen
continue to club a man when he was lying on
the ground begging for mercy? Stories of
this kind are so improbable that we cannot
accept them as in any way trustworthy."
The MP for Vancouver South reached
different conclusions about the strikers:
"The way to make a Communist is to act in
the manner in which this government has
been acting."
Proceedings against the strike leaders
arrested at Regina were later withdrawn on
the grounds of lack of evidence.
Friday, November 15,  1974
Page Friday, 5 potpouripotpouripotpouripotpouripotpouripotpouripotpouripotp
Syrupy Victorian humor outdated
In the autumn of 1870 William
Schwenk Gilbert met Arthur
Sullivan. The result was the
greatest comic operas of the 19th
Their original humor, which
Gilbert himself called "topsy-
turveydom," stimulated the wits of
Oscar Wilde, George Bernard
Shaw, Sir James Barrie, in fact
every important British comic
writer to the present day.
Gilbert, inspired by the nonsense
lyrics of Edward Lear and Lewis
Carroll, was recognized at once as
an ingenious creator of verse.
The two-year successful run of
H.M.S. Pinafore in 1877 shot
Gilbert and Sullivan into worldwide fame. And with manager
Richard D'Oyly Carte's acute
business sense (he was known in
the theatre profession as Oily
Carte) Gilbert and Sullivan
produced hit after hit. Iolanthe
(1882), Princess Iola (1884), The
Mikado (1885), Ruddigor (1887),
Gilbert's favorite, The Yeoman of
the Guard (1888) and The Gondoliers (1889).
London's Savoy Theatre was
specially built in 1881 to accommodate the crowds that
flocked to see the operas. The
Savoy, by the way was the first
London Playhouse to use electricity instead of gas, and first to
have orderly ticket queues instead
of fist fights at the entrances.
One critic described the operas
First try-
as "sparkling with wit, pregnant
with refined satire, exquisite whim
and delightful persiflage."
Friday evening in the Queen
Elizabeth Theatre the World of
Gilbert and Sullivan presented a
variety of songs and sketches from
both the major and lesser known
The English troupe, in modern
dress tuxedos and gowns, performed a program of material as
familiar as Sweet Little Buttercup
from Pinafore and as unknown as
Atho of native maids the cream
from Utopia Ltd.
The performers Thomas Round,
Helen Landis, Geoffrey Shovelton,
Anna Bernadin, John Cartier and
the superb basso Donald Adams
were accompanied by prize winning pianist Ian Kennedy.
Highlights of the program included Anna Bernadin and Thomas
Round's kissing duet from the
Mikado  and  Adams   rumbling
Joanna M. Glass has written for
radio and television in the past,
and has had five of her plays
produced to date. Reflections on a
Mountain Summer is her first
attempt at a novel but, although it
is basically well written, it lacks a
strong and imaginative plot to tie
together what she is trying to say.
In the story, a man named Jay is
remembering back over the last 40
years to his 14th summer when he
Joanna M. Glass, Reflections on a
Mountain Summer,
McClelland & Stewart. $7.95.
andhis mother and father left their
Chicago lakeshore mansion for a
vacation in the Canadian Rockies.
In the rustic setting of the
mountain lodge the mother
abandons her puritanical upbringing and falls in love with a
rough and hardy forestry worker.
The weak-willed father is sent
back to his yachts and private
clubs and the "other man" moves
in to fill the emotional gap in
mother and son; the former having
never known a meaningful
relationship between two people,
and the boy lacking any kind of
strong father image.
The events of the summer are
symbolic of "lost innocence" to
Jay and they never really leave
him. The main intent of the novel is
to show how the shock of wit-
nessiii^ his mother's total abandonment of her husband, and
promiscuity with a stranger; and
his own eventual d**ep feelings for
the man affected the course of his
life greatly.
The problem with this novel is
the plot is trite and romantic,
overworked to the point it has no
relevance to contemporary
modern   literature.
sentry song from Iolanthe.
Scenes from Pinafore and
Penzance were acted out in part,
with melodramatic dialogue and
hands to forehead. Horrors!
And that's the trouble with
Gilbert and Sullivan. The absence
of human feeling, the inability to
portray real people, the false
exaggeration of sentiment and the'
resort to the fancies of fairyland
add up to the limitations of
Gilbert's humor.
Gilbert's ironies are intended to
reach the average intelligence but
not disrupt it.
Friday night's performance was
superb Gilbert and Sullivan, but
what does that mean? The operas
make only fleeting appeals to our
sympathy, and show only a passing
acquaintance with general human
Young lovers bill and coo but not
too long or they get boxed on the
ear.   They    remain   amusing,
delightful but we can never put
ourselves in their place.
So without the humor what's
left? The appeal to the intellect? A
song from Penzance is titled A
Most Amusing Paradox. The actors performed their absurdities
with a graceful and precise logic.
But the librettos, which Gilbert
worked on for months, seem but
the breath of a moment. The satire
and ridicule in the songs are innocent, aimed at the government
of a queen who never attended the
In Europe a new era was
beginning. Henrik Ibsen's Pillars
of Society was performed in 1877, A
Doll's House 1879, Ghosts in 1881.
The new movement in drama was
spearheaded by Andre Antoine of
the Theatre Libre in Paris. Antoine
was dedicated to naturalistic
drama and opposed to the "well-
made play" and artificial sentimentality. Their intention was to
make theatre a mirror of life or an
instrument of social reform.
This change in the scope of
drama seriously affected the
English comedy. The new plays
demanded sincerity, seriousness
and ambition. By 1895 Oscar
Wilde's The Importance of Being
Ernest had only the trappings of
Gilbert's extravagant mood. Gone
were the music and verse. And by
1900 George Bernard Shaw's intellectually acute plays were exploring more fundamental human
Gilbert retired to his estate
Grim's Dyke, with his pet Pekes,
poodles, monkeys, lemurs, deer,
parrots, Persian cats and a bee
named Buzfuz, which fed on
moistened sugar.
But for us, introduced to H.M.S.
Pinafore in elementary school and
weaned on Pinter, Beckett and
Ionescu, the sparkling wit of G and
S is hopelessly antiquated.
CSD 3739 - Hymns For All Seasons: Kings
College Choir: Willcocks Brass and Organ
CSD 3717 - The Psalms of David II - Kings
College Choir
CSD 3651 - Bohemian Girl; Maritana; Lily
of Killarney; Highlights
ASD 2906 - Elgar; Cello Concerto; Serenade For Strings - Tortelier & Boutt
ASD 2901 - Brahms; Symphony No. 4 - London Philharmonic; Boult
ASD 2871 - Brahms; Symphony No. 1 London Philharmonic; Boult
ASD 2856 - Schubert; Great C Major Symphony; London Philharmonic; Boult
ASD 2847 - Vaughan Williams; Serenade
To Music; Lark Ascending Boult; L.P.O., Soloists
ASD 2750 - Elgar; Enigma Variations Vaughan Williams; Folk Song Suite; Fantasia On
Green Sleeves; Boult L.P.O.
ASD 2672 - Elgar; Crown Of India, Imperial
March etc. Groves; Liverpool Philharmonic
OU 2010 - "In A Country Church" - Organ
Favourites played by David Bell
HQS 1294 - A Janet Baker Album Purcell,
Handel etc.
HQS 1285 - Britten: Ceremony Of Carols
etc. Kings College, Willcocks.
HQM. 1224 - Beethoven - Violin Concerto
Berligz:  Romance  Bruno Walter, Joseph
ASD 440 - Pagamni; Violin Concertos Yehudi Menuhin; R.P.O.
TWO 384 - Golden Operetto Favourites
TWO 321 - Eric Coates; London Suite etc.
Groves; Liverpool Phil.
TWO 272 - Music Of William Walton Spitfire Prelude etc. Groves; R. Liverpool Phil.
TWO 226 - The Best Of Eric Coates Groves;
Royal Liverpool
TWO 208 - Organ Favourites From Blenheim Palace; Nicholas Danby
HQM 1199 - The Alexandra Paloce Organ
Marcel Dupre Others
HLM 7016 - Joseph Szigeti: Mendelsohn
and Prokofiev Concertos Beecham L.P.O.
HLM 7013 -     Pablo Casals Dvorak and
Bruch Concertos Szell, Czech Phil.
HQS 1237 - Palestrina:  Pope Marcellus
Mass: Kings College Willcocks
TWO 368 - The Sound Of Vienna - Bos-
^      THUR. & FRI.      J
Page Friday, 6
Friday,  November   15,   1974 booksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbooksbook$books
Chastity belt of inferiority marks Canadians
"There is nothing less provincial
than the Canadian mainstream,
once it unhooks itself from the
colonial chastity belt."
That optimistic and highly unconventional observation about our
society expresses the essence of
A Nation Unaware:
The Canadian Economic Culture,
by Herschel Hardin,
J.J. Douglas Ltd., 1974, $10.95.
local author Herschel Hardin's
book. It both captures his theme
and displays his lively writing
Hardin presents us with an
iconoclastic version of the
Canadian economy. We are not
simply a scaled-down version of
the U.S. This is what the colonial
ideology would lead us to believe.
Instead, we have our own vigorous
native economy with its incumbent
Economic structure is not dictated by simple brute physical
realities, Hardin argues. Each
society has its own peculiar
economic culture because the
ideas, the ideology of each culture
plays a crucial role in determining
what economic structures will be
promoted. Hardin delights in
giving examples where the clash
between physical reality and
ideology make forunusual misfits
between the two.
The paradigm of our native
economic genius is the public
enterprise. This is the indigenous
solution to our peculiar economic
realities. The oddity about
Canadians is that they insist on
maintaining an American ideology
that holds competitve private
enterprise as its model.
Technique shines
but content 'fluffy'
Donald Barthelme is something
of a cult figure in the U.S. His
followers aren't all that legion, but
they're loud. Like any other cult
figure, you have to approach his
work pretty carefully.
When I had read this collection of
short stories, most of which have
appeared in the New Yorker, I
found they didn't do all that much
by Donald Barthelme,
Bantam Books, $1.65
for me. The first thing I asked
myself was, were the stories dull or
did the problem lie with me, being
unfamiliar with Barthelme's
I decided to ask a Barthelme fan
what he thought.
"Barthelme," the fan told me,"
is all technique and no content."
Reassured that if it was indeed me,
at least I wasn't the only one, I
decided to go ahead with this
The stories aren't badly written
or anything like that. As a matter
of fact, they're well written. But
you still get the impression that
most of the stories are fluff, and
you wonder why Barthelme
bothered wasting the time it obviously took to polish these
redoubtable diamonds.
The collection isn't without
merit. There are a couple of good
stories, there*are good moments in
otherwise mediocre stories, and
there is one unusual story which
offers some insight into Barthelme, the author.
The good stories are A City of
Churches, which concerns a young
car rental manager who moves to a
community where everybody
already owns a car and where
every building, even the barbershop and spaghetti house, is a
church; and Engineer-Private
Paul Klee Misplaces an Aircraft
Between Milbertshofen and
Cambrai, March, 1916.
In Paul Klee, the young artist
has been assigned by the German
army to deliver three aircraft by
rail. Midway through the journey
he notices one of them is missing,
so, instead of worrying about it, he
simply, tampers with the shipping
receipt to make it appear as if only
two planes were sent.
In a Flight of Pigeons From the
Palace, Barthelme, speaking
through a circus boss, reveals a
little about himself:
"The supply of strange ideas is
hot endless . . . The development
of new wonders is not like the
production of canned goods. Some
things appear to be wonders in the
beginning, but when you become
familiar with them, are not wonderful at all."
The same could be said of most
ot the stories in this collection.
"Canada, in its essentials, is a
public enterprise country, always
has been and probably always will
be. Americans have, or at least
had, a genius for private enterprise. As long as we describe
Canada in terms of the American
model, we will continue to see
ourselves as second-rate
Americans, because we are
second-rate Americans, not being
Americans at all."
It is perverse for us to maintain a
devotion to a competitive private
enterprise ideology native to the
U.S. while our economic reality is
so different. Hardin builds the
argument that the market is large
enough in the U.S. to allow for the
duplication of structures that
competition demands. Here this
duplication simply means that
production runs are short and
uneconomic. This ideology is just
plain too expensive for us to indulge ourselves with it.
Several leading ideas are
developed in Hardin's book. He
initiates his book with a discussion
of ideologies and argues that our
cultural identity and ideology is
uniquely our own.
"Our identity is there, in the long
working out of the Canadian
contradictions: French Canada as
against English Canada, the
regions as against the centre,
Canada as against the United
david y. h. lui presents
Sunday, November 17
Embattled Garden, El Penitente, Cave of the Heart,
Diversion of Angels
Monday, November 18
Cave of the Heart, Night Journey,
Appalachian Spring.
Tuesday, November 19
Q.E. Theatre 8:30 p.m. $6.50 to $3.50
r    ****•*•    *    *    *|
Vancouver Ticket Centre, 630 Hamilton St. (683-3255)
All Eaton's Stores, & Burtons (West Lynn Mall)
To this list he wants to add
another element, an economic
element, that goes into defining our
cultural identity — Canadian
public enterprise.
A large portion of the book is
devoted to exhibiting just how
successful the public enterprises
have been in Canada. At their best
they have been both innovating and
effective entrepreneurs.
Another theme developed by
Hardin is that the regional
redistribution of wealth is a fundamental characteristic of the
Canadian ideology:
"Out of the contradiction between the small Canadian domestic
market and the large American
one grew the unique Canadian
public enterprise style. Out of the
internal contradictions between
French Canada and English
Canada, and between the regions
and the centre, has come the
adoption and the elaboration, as a
fundamental mode of Canadian
life, of the unAmerican mechanism
of redistribution as opposed to the
mythic American mechanism of
market rule (free enterprise)."
Hardin's theses are bold and
challenging.      Certainly     any
adequate treatment of Canadian
economic culture must address
itself to the issues that he has
raised. But this reviewer has not
found Hardin's arguments to be all
that persuasive.
It is simply not all that obvious
that we have a genius for public
enterprise while the Americans
have, or have had, it for private
enterprise. Both Canada and the
U.S. have economies where private
and public enterprises are mixed.
It is not clear that either nation's
experiences with the two forms of
economic structure are all that
different. What is clear is that
Canada does have a greater
reliance on public enterprise.
it takes a long time for new ideas
to be digested. Perhaps what is
needed is further exploration of
these ideas by other authors to help
us to assess them properly.
Although Hardin's analysis may
not be .wholly sound, his book is
worthy of attention because it does
raise very important questions in a
distinctly different way.
Sometimes the audacity of an
author's ideas is far more important that their accuracy, for
they open the mind up to new
possibilities. Hardin's book has
this quality.
■   ■    ■   ■
■   ■    ■   ■
'"i^Liv Ullmann^
a subfilmsoc SPECIAL presentation
The Emigran
Nov. 14-18-SUBTHEATRE-75c "'-"-
Thurs. & Sun. 7:00 p.m.
Fri. & Sat. 7-9:45 p.m.
Please note change in show times:
Friday, November 15, 1974
Page Friday, 7 playhouseplayhouseplayhouseplayhouseplayhouseplayhouseplayl
Harvey gentle success
"Harvey says that he can look at your
clock and stop it and you can go away as
long as you like with whomever you like and
go as far as you like," Elwood says to Dr.
"And when you come back not one minute
will have ticked by.
"Einstein has overcome time and space.
Harvey' has overcome not only time and
space — but any objections."
Harvey .
by Mary Chase
directed by Bernard Hopkins
at the Playhouse
Well, perhaps that is true. After all,
Harvey is a remarkable fellow. Time and
space are overcome fairly well on the
Playhouse stage, but there are objections
still which even a pooka can't erase.
Harvey is a gentle, mellow piece of
theatre. No life and death struggles, no
tragic romances, no battles at dawn are
found upon stage this time. Instead, what
you will find will be an ocean cruise, with
characters floating before you; apparently
detached from concrete reality, swaying
and drifting with an ever so slight, ever so
gentle, theatrical tide.
Harvey's sepia atmosphere requires a
special directorial touch, one light enough to
keep the ephemeral characters hovering
above stage without floating away entirely
but not heavy enough to bring them crashing
down to earth.
Chase's script presents obstacles before a
modern director. It is slow and deliberate
Harvey and Hat... an invisible rabbit?
with few surprises. The plot unfolds
predictably, the humor emerges predictably
and an audience derives as much pleasure
from anticipating the humor as watching it.
Furthermore, the familiarity of the play
makes it even more difficult for a director to
offer something genuinely novel.
Consequently  emphasis   should  not  be
placed  on  Harvey's  comic  aspects.  The
laughs are inherent in the lines, and even if
they are not apparent on stage, the audience
will put them there.
Harvey's strength is its character portrayal, the lives they lead and the lessons
they serve to teach us.
Hopkins' interpretation is only partially
successful because it undermines the backbone of the play. By choosing to sharply
delineate the sane insanity of Dowd and the
insane sanity of the other characters,
Hopkins impaired the play's sensitivity and
the characters' believability.
Most of the actors and actresses are guilty
of over acting, and fail to explore their individual characters in any depth.
Veta Louise is more than a snotty, icy
■ socialite whose only concern is afternoon tea
parties. She is warm and genuinely fond of
her brother Elwood, but actress Denise
Ferguson does not convince us of this.
Ferguson's handling of the character is
uneven, oscillating between comedy arid
farce throughout the play. At times she is
most believable, but too often she is not.
When Veta Louise finally succumbs and
decides to commit her brother, she is
distraught. Ferguson wails and moans
hysterically, humorously, but not credibly.
Nurse Kelly (Janis Nickleson) and Doctor
Sanderson (Guy Robinson) are slick and
well polished characters, but if they had
turned sideways we had fears they would
disappear. They were not presented as solid
people. They could not be taken seriously.
Neither were Myrtle Mae or Wilson any
more convincing.
What does this do for the play? Does it
enhance   the   position   of   Elwood   Dowd
(Leslie Yeo)? On the contrary, by
surrounding him with stock, one-
dimensionally played characters, Dowd
becomes superficial as well. He must have
something solid to react to, something real
to contrast himself against so we, the
audience, can see the difference between the
One does not present superficial
characters (everyone except Dowd) by
acting superficially. Such characters speak
for themselves.
What about Dowd himself? Yeo gives
Harvey — the pooka — life and solidity. We
never doubt the presence of his furry friend
on stage. Convincing any audience of the
reality of one character is a feat in itself, but
Yeo successfully manages two. Yeo's gentle
drawl and haphazard shuffle portray Dowd
almost without fault. That "almost" stems
from a matter of interpretation. Yeo tends
to emphasize the drunk or the fool facet of
Dowd's character. This has an effect of
lessening the illusion. The fantasy of Harvey
may be more readily attributed to martinis
than magic.
Final words should be devoted to Jack
Simon's set, and Graham Cook's lighting.
Lighting was evocative and an asset to the
performance. Chumley's office was bathed
in a light which was as antiseptic and sterile
as the characters. The revolving set was
efficient and innovative, and shifts were
handled smoothly.
"It's our dreams that keep us going,"
Veta Louise says. She may be right. It may
be that next drink which keeps Dowd going.
So what keeps Harvey going? Drink or
dream? It doesn't really matter.
Student Programme
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Thurs. November 21,1974
Metropolitan Life
Where the future is now
Page Friday, 8
Friday, November  15,  1974 Social-oriented studies stressed in PF labor theme
from pf 2
history in the last 200 years.
We also look at Essays in B.C.
Political Economy, edited by Paul
Knox and political science
professor Philip Resnick one of the
few attempts to study labor history
and economic processes with a
regional, localized emphasis.
You'll find a review of Ronald
Liversedge's account of the on-to-
Ottawa trek one of the most brutal
struggles waged by Canadian
unemployed during the great
The book can be read as simply
an exciting and in the end saddening epic story of oppression and
revolt but more important it should
be examined as an epochal event in
the development of Canadian
working-class strength. Finally
there is an analysis of Stu
Jamieson's Times of Troubles,
discussing the trouble with
government-sponsored "unbiased" histories of workers'
In a sense if this isn't too
presumptuous, this issue could be
viewed as an alternate history
course. It tries to fill in a few of the
large gaps that occur in the conventional history and political
science courses taught at
But there's a more deeply rooted
reason for the importance of these
books. What they are trying to do is
overturn tradition — a tradition
that we've all had inculcated in.us
all through elementary and high
school. Rather than presenting an
idyllic story of fur-trappers,
railroad magnates, wheat farms
and the growth of freedom, self-
determination and democracy with
the coming of confederation, these
books present the other side of the
Although these books are all
worthwhile and long overdue,
some of them are serverly
criticized. One of the conclusions
reached is that although these
books generally represent a
promising initial move a large part
of the story remains to be written.
Scott makes the point
somewhere in his book that there
are two ways that one can destroy
a people's history and tradition —
one can either attack it or ignore it.
Conventional historians in the
past have chosen the second route
and it has proven effective.
The fight of the Indian peoples to
maintain their rights; the
struggles of the Quebecois workers
against the British corporate elite;
the struggles of the Irish, German
and Ukrainian immigrants are all
neglected while countless studies
are done on the life of some some
British colonial agent such as
Macdonald or Laurier. Children
are told that the CPR "was built"
by Van Home rather than by the
Chinese workers who actually
constructed it. All these lies must
be, overturned.
Bernard Bischoff  co-ordinatea
PF's look at working class history.
With cheese, tomato, ham,
pepperoni, onions, and
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Friday,  November  15,  1974
Page Friday, 9 Page  16
Friday,  November   15,   1974
Yanks are thinking sick
A kind of pathological thinking
has developed in America in an
atmosphere soured by Watergate,
political science prof David Elkins
said Thursday.
Three weeks ago lapel buttons
reading "Free the clot" appeared
after doctors had successfully
insterted a one and a half inch clip
on a vein in Richard Nixon's leg to
relieve his plebitis condition.
"This kind of evidence of a
malaise is not overwhelming,"
Elkins said, "but quite simply
illustrated by this take-off on a
'free the' sixties slogan."
Elkins, speaking in Buchanan'
Thursday night about the impact of
Watergate on the recent U.S.
elections, outlined four effects of
the lingering crisis of "sinister
corruption" which finally ousted a
"The most general impact of
Watergate has been on the mood of
on bus rate
The B.C. Association of Student
Unions plans to discuss the
possibility of bus rate reductions
for students with the provincial
transit bureau, Alma Mater
Society vice-president Gary Moore
said Thursday.
Moore said the BCASU would
like to explore with bureau director
Victor Parker the use of student
bus passes.
He said it would prefer a flat rate
pass with no limit on hours when
the pass may be used.
Moore said the BCASU also
would like to discuss with Parker
the transit system's responsiveness to student needs.
Moore gave the exampls of
University of Victoria students
who claim they must set aside
three hours to attend a one-hour
lecture simply because of poor
transit service.
Moore said he talked to other
students about transit systems
elsewhere in Canada while in
Ottawa last week at an Association
of University and College Councils
Moore said that in Calgary
students can by a bus pass for $30
which does not have any hour
He said the University of
Saskatchewan at Saskatoon, took a
novel approach by chartering
buses and setting up its own transit
Moore said the students paid $18
for a term pas but there are obvious limits on the pass since it
does not apply to the local transit
Moore said he is hopeful bus
service will improve as Parker
seems fairly receptive about accepting a brief from the students.
He said the BCASU has appointed Ian Boothe from Capilano
College to act as spokesman for the
Moore said that before Boothe
talks with Parker the BCASU*
would like to have the results back
from a questionnaire soon to be
The questionnaire asks students
what they think of the quality of the
current bus service.
Two of the questions on the
questionnaire are "How long do
you have to wait for a bus?" and
"Are bus connections adequate?"
Moore also expressed approval
of the free Forty-ninth street NDP
bus service being run today and
Moore said that if it receives
support it could show the need for
more bus service to UBC.
He said something must be done
to provide a viable alternative to
the automobile.
the country, in the general decline
of trust," Elkins said. "But it has
also tarnished the image of the
Republican party."
In the recent U.S. midterm or
'off-year' elections, the Democrats
made a net gain of 43 in the House
of Representatives, leaving the
Republicans with 144 seats to the
Democrats' 291. Elkins said the
Republican house loss attributable
to Watergate, aside from a usual
turnover of 30 seats from the
presidential party to the opposition, amounted to 10-15 seats.
And future elections are not
likely to be determined on the basis
of Watergate, Elkins said.
The fact that the electorate feels
it has "punished all three Nixon
men" Elkins said, suggests
Watergate won't have lasting
implications, especially in
presidential election year 76.
Of the 11 congressmen and
senators who staunchly stood by
Nixon throughout the impeachment hearings only one was
re-elected, the rest either retired
or were defeated, while none at
those Republicans who publicly
stated their opposition to Nixon
suffered defeat, Elkins said.
"With the undesirable elements
gone from the party, who are they
(Americans) going to blame in
Ford's pardoning of Nixon
has imprinted a lasting hurt on the
American system of government,
Elkins said.
"By pardoning Nixon before he
was convicted, before he was indicted, before he was sentenced
and before he was found guilty, he
implied two things: that ex-
presidents are unique, and that the
U.S. courts were incapable of
making a fair decision."
Elkins said no one would have
objected if Nixon had been found
guilty a year later and then Ford,
"in an act of compassion" pardoned Nixon.
"But Ford instead threatened
very deeply feelings about the
American institutions, by
suggesting that there might be
injustice in American institutions
and thereby condemning the
Elkins, speculating that Ford
would refuse his name on the
presidential slate in 76, said:
"Ford really isn't a man of
presidential calibre."
"In that sense he's not a good a
leader as Nixon was, although he
certainly is more moral," Elkins
By Paul
Hi, this week we will discuss the CARTRIDGE, one of the most
important yet least understood components. This is the input of
your stereo system.
The cartridge consists of two major functioning parts; a) the
stylus ("needle") and b) the generating system.
There are three major shapes of stylii 1) the Conical used with
cheap cartridges. 2) the Elliptical, the most popular and most
widely used, and 3) the Shibatu, found in some of the newer
cartridges where they have the capability of tracking the 4
channel records.
The generating system converts the motion of the stylus into
electrical energy. There are basically three
different types, a) the ceramic or crystal
type found in cheap cartridges, b) the
moving magnet type, the most popular
and delivers the best overall performance,
c) the moving coil, better quality but
expensive and very "touchy" to set up.
The generating elements are also what
give cartridges their names, i.e. moving coil or moving magnet
In selecting a cartridge, the basic criteria is to find out what force
it will be tracked at (the higher the force, generally the poorer the
cartridge). If possible, get your dealer to let you listen to various
cartridges, and select the one which sounds the best over your
A word of caution — take your time in selecting a cartridge, a
poor quality or the wrong type can make quite a difference in
your sound reproduction.
If you have any further questions please call or come down and
see me at The Soundroom, 2803 W. Broadway, Vancouver, B.C.
hows this
for a
The judge called
it impaired. He called it
bad luck. And his friends called
it dumb. But no matter what you call
it, or how you look at it, losing your
license for impaired driving is a
sobering thought!
Think about it. About how it would
affect you . . . your social life . . . and
your ability to get around. Losing your
license is something to think about . . .
before you drink and drive!
Honourable R. M. Strachan, Minister Friday, November  15,  1974
Page 17
Eriksen wants more safe housing
From page 3
gain   further  inroads   to   council
But the question remains what
will they do when and if they get
"There are a great number of
issues in this campaign, not just
one," Eriksen said Thursday.
"I can give you several of my
concerns right off.
"First, we've got to get housing.
That's always.first.
"Then there are things like
making sure fire regulations are
enforced in old buildings. There
was the case where three people
were killed in a rooming house fire
and Phillips and (Aid. Michael)
Harcourt and all those were upset
about it when people asked them
the next day.
"They said it (fire laws) would
have to be enforced.
"But in buildings the city owns or
has owned they aren't even enforced. And that's where a start
has to be made."
The COPE concern for proper
housing leads to a demand that city
council force landlords to meet
civic fire regulations.
Proper housing to Eriksen and
his colleagues is safe and adequate
housing rather than, he says, the
expensive esthetic housing TEAM
planners and many of their upper
middle class supporters want.
To this end, he proposes starting
mixed zoning areas in selected
parts of the city to encourage
housing construction.
"When you have a Safeway or
something that's going in over one
block, that Safeway is one storey
high and takes up potential housing
space," he said in a telephone
"So what you do is you build two
storeys of housing onto that
Safeway in selected areas and
create an area zoned for three
storeys. It's not beautiful, but it's
COPE also proposes turning
more than 1,000 city-owned acres
over to housing construction —
mainly low-income housing where
rents float along with salaries.
Housing subsidies would come
from applications made under the
National Housing Act and the
suites would belong to the city.
COPE sees 600 of the 1,000 acres
coming from the University Endowment Lands. The other 1,300
acres in the UEL would be split
between parks and an ecological
COPE would also vote to
maintain current rent levels for
The slate's transportation
philosophy dictates the party
would seek construction of a
Greater Vancouver Regional
District-proposed rapid transit
system, transecting Vancouver
and connecting the suburbs to
Homeowners would benefit
under a COPE-controlled council,
as the candidates say they will
lower home taxes by increasing
industrial taxes.
COPE also proposes hitting
developers for money made during
the rezoning processes. Changing
land designation usually increases
property values "tremendously,"
says Rankin, an alderman since
"Prices just zoom under those
circumstances. That means a nice
fat profit for the developer and
little to the city, which after all
allowed the developer to make that
From page 3
portunity to find out how the
teachers are doing.
Westlake promises that the
board would not get involved in
disciplinary actions, but would
leave discipline up to the teachers
and back them up.
"When a person is a discipline
problem, he'll be asked to leave,"
says Westlake.
Although Westlake says a
student can return to school when
he's ready to start learning again,
he says students could be
"If a kid told a teacher to 'f off,
he'd get suspended for maybe a
week," says Westlake. "If he said
it twice, maybe a month. If a kid
was selling drugs, that would be it
— he'd be out forever. But if, say,
he got drunk in a locker room, he'd
only get a month."
Westlake concedes that
suspensions would be a way of
getting around the law that
requires a student to stay in school
until he or she is 16 years old.
- Though these are the main ones,
GEM has other tubs to thump.
They feel, for example, that
many teachers in the schools are
not qualified to teach, and blames
teacher-training programs.
They're also worried about
vandals and drug use by children
— symptomatic of the problems
society has led itself into with lax
morals, they say. It also makes for
good press.
But isn't GEM worried about
trying to implement its reactionary policies in the face of a left-
leaning provincial government
which, after all, can overrule the
Vancouver school board?
Westlake allowed that if
education minister Eileen Dailly
wanted to interfere she could, but
he said that even though the board
operates under the B.C. Schools
Act, it has considerable autonomy.
"We can hire and fire our own
teachers, kick out kids, we're in
control of our own budget," he
said. "The board has tremendous
He said even though he isn't
expecting a confrontation with the
province, should a GEM-
dominated board get elected, he
would be interested to see the
outcome if there was one.
Besides Westlake and Baxendale, other GEM candidates
running in the Nov. 20 election are:
UBC math professor Nathan
Divinsky, UBC English prof Anthony Lavin; GEM president
Winnifred Pryce, Lillian Amiel,
Irene Miller, William Brown and
Lillibet Turnbull.
Only Westlake has school board
experience. He was elected in the
1972 TEAM landslide but quit that
party and joined GEM because
"they had been messing around
and I couldn't stand that."
'Restrict housing'
From page 3
planning is done. Aside from Aid.
Walter Hardwick who is not
standing re-election he said the
TEAM council's recore on the
GVRD has been "unintellectual
and stupid." And mayor Art
Phillips "doesn't know what he's
talking about," he said.
Kennedy said he wants to see
GVRD restrict further housing
developments on the Lower
Mainland's green belts. The land
must be used for agriculture, he
said, and B.C. residents must learn
to build their homes on mountainsides.
"The problem is not how to grow
but where to grow." Kennedy
charged the TEAM council with
concentrating its time and money
on minor projects such as the
Granville Mall and disregarding
long range community planning.
On city council, he said he will
recommend creation of development corporation to manage
projects such as Granville Mall,
and urge for an increased police
force and commercial development of the waterfront.
And why did he choose NPA?
Kennedy said the association gave
him leeway to express his views in
a way that TEAM would not.
The picture these candidates
give is of a reformed NPA,
chastised by the voters and no
longer resembling the old NPA
Nov. 20 will provide the test of
whether voters believe them.
All this will lead to a city geared
to the needs of Vancouver's poorer
residents, ranging from east end
workers to pensioners. And
Eriksen is quick to point out this
involves the majority of Vancouver
"What we're talking about is not
just benefits for the east side, but
for the west side and west end as
well. You think they're rich.
They're not, and we're for them
Other COPE aldermanic candidates are: consumer activist
Irene   Cavilerio   and   provincial
carpenter's council secretary
Lome Robson.
Running for school board are
Phil Rankin, SFU political science
student; Betty Greenwell, Vancouver Parent-Teacher Council
president; Fred Lowther, a UBC
political science student; Frank
Helden, a shop steward for the B.C.
Telephone Workers Federation;
and driving instructor David
Running for park board are
pharmacist Sid Shelton, janitor
Sam Vint, electrician Don
Greenwell and Micke Wallach.
'F... off worth week
away from school
Campbell proposes
30 area councils
RANKIN ... COPE'S strength.
.From page 3
system where residents choose
aldermen and other officials has
made it so there is "only one
alderman from the east side of
Main street" and the only individuals who can survive the
expensive campaigns are those
with massive amounts of cash.
Campbell proposes instead that
about 30 area councils be set up,
one for each community with a
10,000 population, and residents in
each zone be able to send one
alderman to an enlarged city
council. A mayor would be elected
indirectly by the ward representatives, much as the premier is
selected by members of the party
in power in the legislature.
But Vancouver residents solidly
opposed the ward idea in a ballot
two years ago. One reason might
be that people like to be able to
choose dozens of names rather
than just one.
Another reason says Campbell,
is that voters had been sold by Nonpartisan Association propaganda
and TEAM didn't really want a
ward system to be applied. "We
were not able to overcome the long-
term conservative pressure."
NDP candidates need a ward
system to be effective. They
represent the community center
worker, college instructor, tennant
and student — people who would be
more attracted to vote in quieter
campaigns where person-to-person
contact is important, than massive
"name" campaigns.
The ward councils would share
with the large city council
responsibility for other things like
health and police protection,
housing and land zoning.
On things like zoning, the big
council would make the final
decisions but the people elected by
ward would have to be notified of
development proposals first. That
would give ward councillors a
chance to organize a presentation
to the main city council and the two
sides (developer and 1. ward
representatives) could fight their
case equally.
Some issues, like city wide
transit, would clearly lie under the
large council and while "ward
representatives could offer their
viewpoints their responsibilities
would be restricted.
Campbell is aware of problems
in his party's proposals. "A tension
between city wide and local interests has always existed and will
exist in the future," he said.
But the voters have rejected the
ward system, and with that the
roots of the NDP party platform.
And so it seems likely the "one side
only" will again be on the loser's
side after election day.
I. -i2..-Jr**ii jf-u   •..   , _ si r-.JL^t. .   ■*   t_.-*.*t
THE CITY ... some hope fog will lift after election. Page 18
Friday, November  15,   1974
Hot flashes
Lefty club
iorms soon
Rising Phoenix-like from the
ashes of dead predecessors, a new
club for leftist politicos will have
its first meeting Monday at noon
in SUB 215.
Organizers say the Spartacus
club will try to encompass everyone on the left at UBC. Its tunc
tion will be to try to provide
forums on as many different
issues as possible and to serve as a
meeting place where "like-minded
people can find each other."
The first meeting will feature a
discussion of the  Irish situation.
Canadian poet Pat Lane will
read his own work, illustrated
with slides, Tuesday at noon in
Buch. 217.
Free bus
The free bus service offered by
the NDP in support of its drive for
civic power will serve UBC students wanting to return home to
South Vancouver or Burnaby today.
The bus will leave the SUB
traffic loop 12:30 p.m., 2:30 p.m.
and 4:30 p.m., will go past Place
Vanier and Totem Park and along
forty-ninth    Ave.   to   Simpsons-
Sears in Burnaby.
The bus will stop at the wave
of a hand but don't rely on it
stopping at bus stops.
Free cash
At least five scholarships of
$3,000 each will be available for
students doing post-graduate studies next fall.
Four King scholarships will be
granted to students doing grad
studies in international or industrial relations in the U.S. or U.K.
One scholarship is open to any
full-time grad student who graduated from a Canadian university
studying anything anywhere.
For information go to the
awards office, Buchanan 207.
Applications must be in by Feb.
The Scientific Pollution and
Environmental Control society
needs volunteers for its raffle blitz
Saturday. Money from the raffle
will go immediately into pollution
projects. Volunteers can phone
SPEC at 736-8404.
Classes in jazz and contemporary dance for beginners will be
held noon to 1:30 p.m. every
Tuesday, Thursday and Friday
throughout the academic year in
the Arts 1 building blue room.
For more information, phone
If you are one of those people
who have always felt awkward
about dancing, but would like to
learn, your chance is here at last.
'tween classes
Problems raised by large and
complex cities will be explored by
Meyer Brownstone Monday in a
free lecture entitled "Government
of Cities — Theory, Practise and
Brownstone, a professor of
political economy at the University of Toronto, will focus on the
theoretical basis of representation
and participation in the government of cities.
The lecture will be held at the
Vancouver Art Gallery, 1145 West
Georgia, at 8 p.m.
Shit house
The Great Outhouse Race is
on. In Toronto.
At halftime during the College
Bowl football game Nov. 22 at the
Canadian National Exhibition
grounds, outhouses on wheels w/ill
be raced for a $250 prize. Winners
also get free passes to a pub party
at Ontario Place and the team's
name in the Guinness Book of
World Records.
Programming meeting, discuss
advent, Christmas conference,
11:30 a.m. Lutheran campus centre.
General meeting, noon, SUB 213.
General meeting, noon, upper
lounge, IH.
Fellowship    meeting,    7:30    p.m.,
3922 W. 10th.
General meeting, noon, SUB 119.
Panel discussion on the fight for
women's rights in B.C. 8 p.m., 1208
Granville St.
Fellowship   meeting,   all   welcome,
7:30 p.m. 3922 West Tenth Ave.
General meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
Visit to a Pub, 4 p.m., Lutheran
campus centre.
Dance, full facilities, tickets, $2 and
$3 at the door, 9 p.m., St. Mark's
Special Chinese film program for
members 10 a.m., planetarium museum.
Everyone welcome, band is Chad,
full facilities, tickets at the door, $1
single, $1.50 couple, 9 p.m., SUB
Konrad anniversary evening, 8 p.m.,
Bu. 106.
Car rally, noon, SUB circle.
Worship and discussion, 10:30 a.m.,
Lutheran campus centre.
Pot luck dinner, 4:30 p.m., Lutheran campus centre.
First meeting, all those interested in
issues on the left are invited to
come, discussion on Irish situation,
noon, SUB 215.
Dinner with Mary Reillie, on the
church responds to world hunger, 6
p.m., Lutheran centre.
Introductory    lecture,    noon,   SUB
Jack  MacDonald  on the School of
Social Work, noon, SUB 105B.
Emergency   meeting,   noon.  Brock
Weekly fellowship, noon, Lutheran
campus centre, conference room.
Don Kopplin For
Extended Health
There will be a meeting
for all people who have
learned transcendental
meditation on Wed.
Nov. 20, at 12:30 p.m.
in SUB 213.
with Paul Bertram
as 'Curly'
Coarse and suggestive
language throughout.
—R. McDonald,
B.C. Director
SHOWS AT 7:30 -9:30
West Van 1
nnr=niu       I
in all sizes
Waterbed Furniture
2170 East Hastings Street
The Path of Total Awareness
"No man, nor any group dwelling
within the material universe, has
the capacity to encompass God. . .
for not even the saviours or saints
have developed that capacity of
compare with other paths?
Nov. 19th at 7:30 p.m.
in S.U.B. Room 213
New and Used Skates and Bicycles. Complete selection of
brand name Hockey Equipment, Bicycles and Accessories.
Expert Repairs, Trades Welcome.
Student and Team Discounts.
4385 W. TENTH
Indonesian and Malaysian
batik art and fashions.
Afghani dresses and shoes.
Thai silk jewel boxes.
3712 W 10th Ave.   Vancouver    224-4220
RATES:   Campus — 3 tines, 1 day $1.00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $t.50 & 35c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m.. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Boom 241, SMB., UBC, Van. 8, B.C
5 —Coming Events
BAHA', fireside — introduction to
the Baha', World Faith. All welcome. Friday, 8:00 p.m.. Endowment
Lands.   Inquiries:   Tel.   228-0128
DANCE. U.B.C. Athletics Social Club
invites everyone, Saturday, November 16, SUB. Ballroom, 9 p.m. to
1  a.m.   Band is  Chad.   Full facilities.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
HOCKEY SALE—40% discount on CCM
tacks and hockey sticks. 15% discount
on shoulder pads, helmets, socks, shin
guards, elbow pads, and gloves. Open
4-9 Thurs., Friday. 9-6 Saturdays. 3616
W. 4th Ave.
105 watts. Immaculate condition head
and columns. Pets 224-9817. No. 327
11 — For Sale — Private
PIANO AS NEW $1,000. O NO. Furni-
ture and content of whole house.
228-0781.   After  5 p.m.
FOR SALE: One pair of deep purple
tickets—Offers.   Phone Greg 987-4780.
1 YEAR OLD 19" RCA B. & W.) port.
& stand. Excellent condition $110.
AKAI GXC-38 stereo cassette recorder,
2 speaker and multiplex receiver.
$350.00.   732-0995.
UNDERWOOD 315 portable manual
typewriter. $41.00. 732-0995.
2 SNOWTIRES—6:00-12— M & S Rayon
Tubeless  4  ply—$5.00 each.   224-6642.
'67 REBEL. Excellent mech. condition.
Econ.   Clean.   $895.   876-9513  Eves.
25 — Instruction
20 — Housing
W.    17th.    Open   9    a.m.    to   6 p.m.
Saturday     and     Sunday.     Two bedrooms.
ROOM in homey coop house near
campus. Prefer ages 23-30. Available
Dec.   1    Rent  $92.   733-0973.
A six-week downhill course is being
offered for $72.50 which includes all
lessons, lift tickets and bus transportation. Cost of cross - country
course $47.50 for lessons and bus
Both courses commence Jan. llth &
12th. For further details contact
C.Y.H.A., 1406 W. Broadway. Vancouver,  B.C.  (Tel. 738-3128).
30 — Jobs
acting experience not essential. Shooting in Vancouver. Dec. to Feb. For
further information please send
resume and full length photograph's) to: Cinema Alberta. 12142—
87 Street, Edmonton, Alberta,
T5B 3N6
65 — Scandals
80 — Tutoring
PROFESSOR needs tutor In conversational French. Will pay going rate.
Phone  228-5361   9-4  or 263-8549 eves.
85 - Typing
IBM Selectric. Reasonable rates. 736-
5816. Special rates for long papers.
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat Accurate Work. Reasonable Rates. 263-
90 - Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous Friday, November  15,  1974
Page 19
Stadium lighting key to jocks' woes
The two biggest problems facing
athletics at UBC are money and
people. There is too little of each.
The national champion soccer
team played its last home game
before about 30 people. The football
team drew roughly the same at its
last game. The rugby team —
Canada West champions — barely
attracted 100.
There is not1 enough money
available for any of the teams to
play an adequate preseason
schedule, and many of the coaches
receive little or no pay for their
time and effort.
The answer to both these
problems lies at least in part, in
getting lighting for Thunderbird
Stadium.There sits a million dollar
facility not being used as well as it
could be because it isn't completed.
The rugby, soccer, and football
'Birds are the main tenants of the
stadium. All could potentially fill
the place. There are two reasons
they don't — poor times for events
and poor location of the stadium.
Nothing can be done about the
latter but lighting would solve the
By holding games on Friday
nights in conjunction with a social
event, such as a beer garden or
dance, more people would be attracted to them and more revenue
The University of Calgary has a
scheme whereby tickets are sold to
a barbeque dinner held before the
game which include a reserve seat
at the football game. Transportation is provided from one
event to the other. Such a system
would not be hard to work out here.
At present students living off-
campus simply are not interested
in coming back to UBC for a
Saturday afternoon game.
However, if they could be offered a
dinner and evening of song and
drink, chances are they would
come out for a Friday night game.
Before we can have Friday night
games we have to have lights at the
If the athletes themselves got
together to run concurrent social
events they could get their much
needed money. In this way they
would also alleviate the criticism
that the average student pays so a
small number of intramural
athletes can participate.
While no ultimate solution,
stadium lighting provides a logical
first step to be taken to solve the
problems of the UBC athlete.
—greg osadchuk photo
UBC GRAPPLER JOHN CARLO (left) takes on U of Alberta opponent in last year's version of UBC
Freestyle Classic. This year's event starts Saturday at 10 a.m. with the finals starting at 7 p.m. UBC warms up
against U of Alberta Friday night at 7:30.
Decimated Birds face Bears
The University of Alberta Golden
Bears will be in town tonight vying
for sole possession of first place in
the Canada West Hockey League.
Right now, the 'Birds occupy top
spot and will need to come up with
a very spirited effort against the
Edmonton squad to stay there.
Why is a first place team rated
as the underdog in this weekend's
two game series with the Bears?
First and most important,
the 'Birds bench strength has
deteriorated to one man, Bob
Hesketh, because of a rash of injuries.
Jim Lawrence is out with a
bruised foot, Grant Cumber and
Tad Fujii are out with shoulder
injuries and Keith Tindle is
sidelined with undetermined
Ron Lefevre's strained
ligaments aren't that much of a
problem as far as depth at goalie is
concerned because there are two
good men to take his place — Dave
Andrews and Vic Lemire.
Pangoian media was warned by
publishing magnate Randolph
Hurts not to congratulate itself
even if King Beerstein is deposed.
"Don't delude yourself into
thinking of this as an example that
the system really works," he said.
the first one 6-0 and UBC taking the
second 3-1.
The 'Birds are currently two
points ahead of Alberta and
Calgary but have played one and
two more games than each,
Tonight's game opens a three-
game series against the Golden
Bears which continues here
Saturday night.
The series concludes Saturday,
Nov. 23 in Edmonton. All game
times are 8 p.m.
But Brian DeBiasio is playing
with a separated shoulder and
Brian Penrose was wearing a
shoulder support after last
Saturday's game against
Secondly, as if the injury
situation wasn't bad enough, the
'Birds are going against the team
that pushed them out of the
playoffs last year by taking their
last two meetings 7-2 and 4-3.'
And to date this season they have
split their games, Alberta taking
UBC runs 2nd
The UBC cross-country team came back with a second-place finish at
the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union cross-country championships last weekend at Guelph, Ont.
The strong UBC team which had earlier won the B.C. Open championships was beaten by an even stronger University of Toronto team.
The Toronto team, described by UBC coach Lionel Pugh as the
strongest university team in history, scored 22 points to win the national
The UBC team came up with 43 points for second place. They were
followed by University of Manitoba, Dalhousie University and Laval
The UBC contingent consisted of Chris White, John Wheeler, Duncan
Klett, John Currie and Gerry Lister. They finished sixth, eighth, 15th,
20th and 23rd respectively.
Pugh said it was exactly the way he expected it to turn out. According
to Pugh the Toronto team could compete against the national team.
The next big event for UBC will be the Pacific North West championships Nov. 23, sponsored by and held at UBC. The competition will
feature teams from all over the Pacific Northwest area including high
school teams.
Thunderettes seek
fourth championship
What do you do for an encore
after you've won three consecutive
national titles?
Usually you go after a fourth.
And to keep things from getting
dull, the Thunderettes basketball
team are pursuing their fourth
championship with a new coach.
The new skipper for the team is
Susan Evans, the first permanent
coach the Thunderettes have had
since their inception.
Coaches are optimistic at the
beginning of a season almost by
definition, but Evans seems to
have some justification for it with
this year's team.
Eight players have returned
from last year's team. Of these,
two have national team experience.
Both Debbie Phelan and Carol
Turney played for Canada in international competition last year.
According to coach Evans, Turney
is a superior talent with a strong
competitive drive.
Phelan, the team's captain, is
very strong both offensively and
defensively, and her experience
should help the team develop a
poised, methodical attack.
Phelan and Turney are nicely
complemented by veterans Nora
Ballantyne, Kathy Burdett, Laurie
Watson and Louise Zerbe.
Two other returnees, Judi Kent
and Carole Wilson, are currently
sidelined; Kent with an injury and
Wilson with apprendicitis.
Rookies making the team this
year are Rosemarie Sebellin, Sara
Lindsay, Tara Smith, and Sandra
Tatchell. Sebellin played for the
junior varsity team last year, and
was called up to play for the
Thunderettes in the final two
games of the season.
Evans said Sebellin has great
potential but must learn to be more
aggressive. Lindsay, Smith and
Tatchell are all high school
graduates with good reputations.
So the Thunderettes appear
ready to resume their almost
embarrassing domination of
Canadian women's basketball.
Their opening games are this
weekend in Lethbridge against the
Pronghorns. Lethbridge trailed the
league last year, so Evans expects
to win without too much trouble.
The first home games for the
team are set for Nov. 22 and 23 at
War Memorial gym when the
Thunderettes will host the
University of Alberta Pandas.
Game time both nights will be 6:30
Which Is The Right
Ski-Boot For You?
10% OFF
♦5KI *H6P lTB
336 W. Pfender St. 681 2004 or 681-8423
fr£e parking at rear of store Page 20
Friday, November  15,   1974
General Manager Terry Kelly
Fibreglass Ski Ideal Intermediate to advanced Ski
MSL 115.00
I  $
Easy Turning  Fibreglass Ski
Metal Top Edge
MSL 120.00
Great Beginner Fibreglass Ski
One year Warranty
Foam Core Ski Fiberglass Reinforced One Piece Edge. A
Fantasitc Value
MSL 75.00
HIT 2000
8 4 Buckle Boot, Self
| Moulding K-Flow Inner
I MSL 115.00
Two-Piece Hinged Boot Flow
Liner. Micro Adjustable Buckles
MSL to 134.95
Men's Voag
' "re Jacket
R Assorted Colours
tt MSL 30.00
i $ 14.88
§ Men's Voag
| Racing Jacket
8 Stretch Style
M MSL 40 00
8 $ 19.88
MSL 6 95
MSL 5.95
Men's, Ladie's, Kids
Rope Tow Mitts
Men/Ladws Kids
MSL80O        MSL6.00
Men's and Ladies
Leather Gloves
MSL 12.95
Leather Glove
MSL 495
2 Lenses, Adjustable
MSL 5 95
Assorted Colours
MSL 2.00
All Colours and sizes
MSL to 6 95
holds 4 pair
MSL 9 95
Three Colour Shaft,
Platform Grips. Low
Swing Weight.
MSL 19.95
Hundreds of
5 buckle plastic boots
Plastic Boot, Removable Inner
One Piece Shell. 2 Buckle Construction for speedy entry.
MSL 115.00
Two Piece Hinged Shell, Self
Moulding, Flow Liner
3 Buckle Child's Boot
Kerma Kid's Ski
with ttcp-in safety binding
80 ore! 100 cm
Kerma Aluminum Poles
Safety Straps
Tie Straps
MSL $54.50
4 Buckle Leather ar
Plastic Shell Boots
Assorted Colours
Wood Skis with metal edge
Safety Binding
Aluminum Poles
Safety Straps
Tie Straps
MSL to $114.50
Tyrol flow or factory foam boots
5 BucUt plastic shall
AHberg Vitesse Skis
One pitcc Edaa Epoxy Finish
170-205 cm
Ariberg Step-in Bindings
Anti Shock-Anti Friction Pods
Huber Loser Poles
Safety Straps
Tie Straps and
:. MSL to 184.85
Smart Western Cut
Outfit Contrasting
Top Stitch, Assorted
Colours And Sizes
MSL 70.00
Deluxe Racer Model
By White Stag ,'"
Men's MSL 75.00
Ladies MSL 60.00
The 'Fast Pant' By
White Stag, 4 Way
Stretch Insert.
Ladies MSL
Shorty Jacket High
Waisted Pant With
Suspenders. A
Fantastic Buy
MSL to 70.00
Two Tone Assorted
Colours, Self Healing
Nylon Zippers. A
Great value for any
MSL 40.00
s24.88    ^
By Voggt Full Side
Zipper All Pants
By White Stag
Boot-Top Styling
Contesting Top Stitch
4 way Stretch Insert
MSL 55.00
By White Stag. High
Fashion Styling,
Assorted Two Tone
MSL 45.00
Saturday Nov. 16
To the first 20 People aver
6ft. and 18 Yrs. 200,205,210cm
with purchase of $20 or more
Thurs, and Fri. Nights, 5-9 p.m.
Saturday 9-5 P.M.
lay aw ay i
1503 Kingsway, Vancouver


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