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The Ubyssey Jan 28, 1992

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The Environment Issue
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, January 28,1992
Vol 74, No. 31
x- -
>. W!
i^vwwF Classifieds 822-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines, 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines, $5.00, additional lines
75cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or more) Classified adspayablein advance. Deadline 4.-00p.m., two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A7, 822-3977.
10 ■ FOR SALE - Commercial
CHEATING 101: THE BENEFITS AND
FUNDAMENTALS OF EARNING THE
EASY * A' — bv Michael Moore. An 87-page
guide containing over 65 recipes. "Cheating
101 offers the finer points of plagiarizing,
swiping exams and passing answers under
the professor's nose* — Newsweek.
Now available in B.C. for only $19.95.
To order call 438-4463 or 645-0991.
CLOSEOUTOF limited edition sweatshirts.
$18. Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, Stravinsky,
Emily Carr, Einstein, Picasso, V. Woolf.
Festive Fabrics —3210 Dunbar at 16th. 11-
3Wed-Satorbyappt. 736-1016.
11 - FOR SALE - Private
NINTENDO cassette for sale.
250 games for $200.00
Call Nina 322-5902
20-HOUSING
ROOM FOR RENT, large bright in shared
house in lovely character home in Mt Pleasant Female n/s pref. All expenses incl. Near
bus stops to all locations. Avail, immed.
Phone Catherine 873-2028. Leave message.
2 BDRM., 1-1/2 BATH, fireplace, furn.,
townhouse. Champlain Hghts. Share with
owner. $450/mth + util. Feb 1st 434-9910.
2 BDRM KITCHEN & bath & dining rm.
41st & Knight for 2 non-smokers incl. hydro,
elec. $600/mo. Call 327-3328.
LWR FLR 1 BR, 24 x 12, built in desk, 12 ft
closet mirrored. Share bath & new kit with
other student near Oak & 59th.
Call 290-2958 (cellular).
25 - INSTRUCTION
OVERCOME SHYNESS AND ANXIETY
SPEAK UP MORE IN GROUPS
A 4-session training program (free)
offered as part of counselling research.
Please call 822-5259 NOW!
30 • JOBS
Deadline far submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
3:30pm, for Friday'* paper,
Wednesday at 330pm.
NO LATE SUBMISSIONS
WILL BE ACCEPTED.
Note: "Noon"= 12:30pm.
Tuesday, January 28th	
Inst, of Asian Research. "Legal
Norms in the Formation of Contracts in the PRC & Taiwan". Pitman Potter. Noon-2pm, Seminar
604, Asian Ctr.
Student Counselling & Rsrcs Ctr.
Workshop-Goal setting. Noon-
1:20pm, Brock 200.
UBC Library. Learn to search
UBCLIB—the online catalogue.
•Menu mode searching (introductory-intermediate). Noon.
•Command mode searching
(advanced). 3:30pm.
Arts Computer Terminal Room,
Sedgewick Library, Lower Floor.
Ctr for Research in Women's Studies & Gender Relations. Lecture:
"Women & the Legal Profession in
BC" by Prof. Joan Brockman, SFU.
Noon, Scarfe 1005.
New Democrats & Students for
Choice. Dawn Black, MP, NDP
Women's Critic on 3rd anniversary
ofthe Supreme Court striking down
abortion law. Noon, BUCH A106.
Students for Choice. Picket in defence of Abortion Rights, lpm, Every Woman's Health Clinic - 44th &
Victoria.
Hillel/Jewish Students' Assn. Famous hot lunch. Noon, Hillel.
Students of Objectivism & AMS
Programs Dept. The Toxicity of
Environmentalism" by George
Reisman, Pepperdine Univ.
2:30pm, SUB Aud.
Wednesday. January 29th
Intl Relations Prog. Info meeting
for prospective majors in 1st & 2nd
year arts. Noon, Buch A202.
UBC Library. Menu mode searching (introductory-intermediate).
3:30pm, Arts Computer Terminal
Rm, Sedgewick.
75 - WANTED
MAKE $$$ WORKING part-time. Flexible
Hours. Call Franco 9 290-9368.
SAILING INSTRUCTORS.
Sea Wing Sailing School is seeking candidates for the 1992 Spring C.Y.A. Instructor's
clinic. Successful candidates will be offered
emp. with Sea Wing. Call 669-0840.
ZALKO SPIRIT 2660, W 4th Ave. opening
B.C.R.P.A. aerobic inst. course. Feb 6th, job
guaranteed. Call 736-0341.
DRIVER NEEDED with own truck for AMS
Stores and Workshop. Mileage and hourly
rate paid. Apply Room 266, SUB (2nd floor).
35-LOST
LOST — A BOOKSTORE bag containing a
copy of MS WORD 5 (MAC), SIM CITY
(CITY) and otheritems. I am a grad student
who can't afford to replace the software. Pis.
call 873-0353 (h) or 822-2404 (UBC) & leave
message for Leslie.
70 ■ SERVICES
GEOLOGY STUDENTS, GOLD PANNING
and prospecting for other minerals. A field
trip tocomplementyourstudies. Phone 597-
0286.
MALE STRIPPER available for house parties. 684-3283.
Walter Gage Toastmastere, Improve speaking & thinking on your
feet. 7pm, SUB 205.
UBC Student Counselling & Rsrcs
Ctr. Film: Interview Skills. Noon-
1:20pm, Brack 200.
School of Music Concert: Martin
Berinbaum, trumpet; Barbara
Hallam-Price, organ. Noon, Recital
Hall, Music.
Assn. of Christian Clubs. Discussion: David Short, speaker from
"God, Sex & You. Pursue the Best."
Noon, SUB 211.
Stdnt Health Outreach Prog. Intimacy in the 90s: Reality, Risk &
Responsibility. Info tables & "Wheel
ofFortune'contest. 10:30-2pm. SUB
Main Concourse.
Student Christian Movement. Dinner & program looking at Personality According to Myers-Briggs.
5:30pm, Lutheran Campus Ctr.
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship.
Graduate Student Discussion with
Rene Padilla from Latin America.
4:30pm, SUB 213.
Hillel/Jewish Students'Assn. Torah
Study; Beginners Hebrew Class.
Noon, Hillel.
Thursday, January 30th >
Christian Science Organization.
Meeting. All welcome. l:30pm,Buch
B334.
UBC library. Menu mode searching (introductory-intermediate).
Noon, Arts Computer Terminal Rm,
Sedgewick.
Life Drawing Club. Weekly Drawing Session, Noon-2:20, Lasserre
204.
Ambassadors for Jesus. Special
topic: Peace for South Africa with
Selena Headley. Noon, SUB 215.
Student Health Outreach Program.
Intimacy in the 90s: Reality, Risk &
Responsibility.
•No/Yes Theatre & an open
forum on "Ethics & Relationships."
Noon-l:30, Conversation Pit, SUB.
•Info tables & Wheel of Fortune' contest. 10:30am-2pm. SUB
Main Concourse.
Inter-Vamty Christian Fellowship.
Speaker: Rene Padilla from Latin
America, "What About the PocaT
Noon, Wood 4.
ELAINE HAIR DESIGN requires male and
female models for 92 Spring & Summer hair
photo collection. Pis call Wayne at 222-1511
before Jan. 27th.
80 - TUTORING
STRUCTURAL Engineer with a MJV.Sc.
available to tutor Math 100, 101 & under-
graduateengineeringcourses. Call Raymond
9 263-2501.
85-TYPING
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST. 30 years exp.,
WD Process/typing, APA/MLA, Thesis. Student rates. Dorothy, 228-8346.
* AMS WORD PROCESS-ZING *
GST ANNIVERSARY SALE!
We'll pay the GST on resumes (new
projects, edits, reprints, storage —
everything!) for the month of January.
Room 60, Student Union Building
or phone: 822-5640
Mon-Thuna: 9-6; Fri: 9-6
WORD PROCESSING ON laser; essays,
proposals, theses, resumes, etc. & editing.
$2/pg&up. Donna 9 874-6668.
99 - PERSONALS
LOVE FOR SALE.
The Ubyssey is now accepting Valentine
messages for the Special Feb. 14th Valentine Issue. Deadline is Feb. 12th. AVOID
the rush! Book your love now!
rrr
Upcoming:
Intl Socialists. Meeting: The Family & the Roots of Woman's Oppression. 7;30pm. SUB 215.
Intl Socialists. Meeting: Quebec:
Why we say yes to distinct society.
7:30pm. SUB 215.
Hie Medical Legal Club. Speaker
Janice Dillon on Health Law. Noon-
1:30pm, Curtis 178.
Hillel/Jewish Students'Assn. Israel
Week Meeting; Advanced Hebrew
Class. Noon, Hillel.
Biosoc. Seminar: Pattern formation in Ciliates with Mike Adle.
Noon, Biosc 5460.
Pacific Rim Club. Slide Presentation: Wartime Missionaries in
China. Noon, Asian Ctr Aud.
Intl Relations Students' Assn.
Roundtable Discussion on the
Middle East. Noon. BUCHD110.
Friday, January 31st	
Marketing Assn. "First Annual
Crash Course in Marketing." Fun/
informative intro. to sales & marketing. Theory discussed & applied
by spkrs from Molson's Brewery,
Blackcomb Mtn, & others. Buffet
lunch & beverages provided. $6
members, $8 non. 9am-4pm. Grad.
Ctr Banquet Rm.
Wenlido: Women's self-defense
class—first class of 6 week course.
1:30-3:30, Women's Ctr, SUB 130,
Student Counselling & Resources
Centre. Workshop: Improving Your
Concentration. Noon-l:20pm,
Brock 200.
Student Health Outreach & WSO.
"Living with HIV/AIDS: A panel
presentation." Women & men from
People With AIDS Society. Noon-
1:30pm, SUB Aud.
Student Health Outreach Program.
Intimacy in the 90s: Reality, Risk
& Responsibility. 10:30-2pm. SUB
Main Concourse.
Intl Socialists. Speaker: David
McNally—Why the Reform Party
is a Racist Party. Noon, SUB 213.
Institute of Asian Research. Seminar "The Social Aspects of Industrialization in Thailand." Suntaree
Komin. Noon-2pm, Seminar 604,
Asian Ctr.
Discussion ofissues raised by Tues.
lecture, "The Toxicity of Environmentalism." Noon, SUB 215.
Wednesday - Thursday (Jan 28 - 29)
7:00 RE:ENTRY
9:30 Book of Days
Friday - Sunday (Jan 31 - Feb 2)
7:00 Frankie and Johnny
9:30 The Fisher King	
Next Week: Barton Fink
ZZZ3
rnx
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2/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 f~
£NVIRONM£NT ISSUE-NEWS
River of Shit
Raw animal wastes produced by UBC
animal science department found
to be leaching into campus creek.
by Mary Jean O'Donnell
Two large piles of manure
collected from the barns of the
" ^department of animal science are
-•.leaching into a campus stream
which drains through the
Musqueam Reserve and eventually ends up on Wreck Beach.
Other generators of agricultural waste in the Lower Mainland are not permitted to dump
--* into the GVRD's sewage system.
Rather, they are expected to
handle their manure in an environmentally responsible manner.
Jim    Shel-
- * ford, acting head
ing. Both processes serve to return the animal waste to the land
thus revitalizing the soil.
The pollution problem lies not
only with the leachings into the
creek but the animal waste could
also be seeping into UBC's storm
drainage system which empties
directly into the Strait of Georgia
between Wreck and Tower
Beaches.
Solving the problem would be
a chance for the university to show
how ecologically minded it can be
said Richard
Beames, a pro-
"The department is so fessor in ubc's
underfunded by the J^^ST
of "the "animal   University   adminis- "The
science depart-   tration that they are ^number of
ment,, said he            i_i   j.   j     i     -x-u j.t_ school children
•wishes [they] unable to deal with the who visit the
.had a different   manure at the present animal science
time."
system," but said
■* they "have no  	
budget to handle
the manure."
"The   department   is   so
underfunded by the university
- ^administration that they are un-
able to deal with the manure at
the present time," he said.
Typically, solid and liquid
wastes are separated. The solid
matter is composted with sawdust to produce an organic fertil-
""fzer, while the liquid waste is
, stored in holding ponds and later
sprayed onto fields before plant-
unit each year
   to observe milk
production
could also be shown better methods of dealing with waste in order
to educate our future generations,"
he said.
"Using known technology, the
university could demonstrate how
animal by-products could be
handled and converted into ecologically desirable end products.
A compost project could be designed without bringing in outside consultants, andit would cost
the university nothing."
$m#*?  ■ -**»»
>^-'
*   f
Campus: Free manure for Wreck Beach fans.
UBC's very own toxic waste dump.
TANIA TREPANIER PHOTOS
Senate approves conservation degree programme
by Mark Nielsen
Although in the final stages
of planning, an undergraduate
''degree programme in conservation, recreation and natural areas
management proposed by the forestry faculty could be delayed a
year because of its impact on other
programmes and departments.
In an interview on Friday,
zoology professor James Berger,
chair of the biology department
curriculum committee, said his
department will not be able to
handle the extra workload in first-
year biology created by the
programme.
"First-year biology is normally not a problem, but there
has been a monstrous increase in
enrollment," he said.
Moreover, Berger said he is
not expecting the necessary increase in funding and number of
classrooms, labs and instructors
to handle the influx.
"We've had 12 years of retrenchment," he said. "We're absolutely at the breaking point.
Next year's budget is going to be a
massacre and we're stuck with
resources that do not go around."
Senate approved the
programme earlier this month
subject to consultation from the
committee. The committee's recommendations must still be reviewed by the respective heads of
the biology and zoology departments before they reach Senate.
In response to Berger^ concerns about class size, forest resource management professor
David Haley, who oversaw development of the programme, said
the onus is on the university to set
its priorities so that such
programmes are available.
"There is a very real need for
such programmes,"he said. "Many
of the problems we've had today
would be easier to handle if such
programmes were already in
place," he said.
In contrast to other forestry
programmes, Haley said this one
would focus on "non-timber values" and take into account such
concepts as bio-diversity. He believes an abundant number of
students will apply for a spot.
"We know that there's a demand for such an education and
we strongly suspectthere is ahigh
number of students who come into
forestry because they're interested
in wilderness management,"
Haley said. "But their real interest lies outside timber manage
ment and the orientation of forestry is timber."
Besides students already in
forestry, Haley said entry levels
were set to attract first and second
year arts and science students.
"These areas [of study] are as
much social as scientific," he said.
"We feel there is a real need in this
area for liberal, broadly educated
people and that means to have a
good background in social sciences."
Forestry is not the only faculty looking at environment-oriented programmes. Both the arts
and science faculties are consid-
eringintroducing degrees in environmental studies and environmental science respectively.
Haley admitted the forestry
programmes have a narrower focus and are less stringent than
the proposals of arts and sciences.
"A big criticism of our
programme is that we don't offer
courses in physics, but a trade-off
has to be made," Haley said. "It
could mean that philosophy 417
which is Wilderness Ethics would
have to be done away with."
While the forestry programme
is designed primarily for students
wanting to work for the federal
and provincial government parks
departments, the other two offer
a broader, less focused curriculum.
Haley anticipates that 40
students will be accepted into the
programme each year from a cross-
section of faculties. Of the 133
course credits, 111 are already
available at UBC. Haley said three
more instructors would be added
to the forestry faculty staff.
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/3 rams
w
THIS IS JUST
TOO AMAZING
TO PASS UP!!!
Its better than sliced cheese! Its better than a Tom
Vu seminar! It better than listening to heavy metal
music until your ears bleed!
Applications for the Inside UBC Editor
are now being accepted. Forms available in room
238 of SUB. Editing experience is a
bonus!
Applications are due by 4:00pm on
February 7, 1992 in room 238. Ask
Shawn in room 248 (822-3092) for
details.
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FOR THE 1992-1993 ACADEMIC YEAR
Individual scholarships of up to $14,154 each for graduate
studies in housing are awarded by Canada Mortgage and
Housing Corporation (CMHC) to candidates of demonstrated
ability and high academic promise.
Scholarship winners are chosen competitively by a national
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These awards may be used for studies in such disciplines as
engineering, environment, business and public administration,
social and behavioural science, architecture, economics, law,
planning and history.
A Guideline and Application form may be obtained from your
university office responsible for graduate studies or student awards.
Or write to:
Administrator, Scholarship Progam
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
700 Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario  K1A 0P7
Your request for a form must reach Ottawa by March 9,1992.
In turn, your application for the 1992-1993 academic year must
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Canada
WC % GVRD grapple
over logging practices
by Sharon Lindores
Destructive logging practices
may continue to be used at the
Seymour watershed, one of the
three water sources for the
Vancouver area.
The Western Canada Wilderness Committee (WC2) claims that
grapple yarder logging causes soil
disturbance and water quality
degradation.
The Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) said that it
is cost-efficient and not destructive.
The lack of data to prove the effects
of logging in watersheds has
stimulated a debate on the matter.
Paul George, the founder of
WC2, said the 1992 pre-logging
plans for the Seymour watershed
confirmed the use of grapple yarder
logging, which will cause greater
soil erosion and water quality degradation. This type of logging has
been in use in watersheds for at
least a year and a half.
According to WC2, the GVRD
previously required logging contractors to use high lead and skyline systems, which cause lower
amounts of soil disturbance.
Grapple yarder logging techniques
use a machine and fewer people.
This requires more roads and is a
less selective process.
Derek Bonin, GVRD's superintendent of forest operations, dis
agreed and said that the process
was not more destructive. He said
the land is analysed according to
stability and then classified as belonging to one of five areas, which
are dealt with accordingly. Using
approximate numbers, Bonin said
of the 58,000 hectares that make
up the three water sheds, 22,000
are not operable. Two-thirds ofthe
logging is done by high lead or
grapple yarder logging.
"Our contractor has both [high
lead and grapple yarder logging
equipment] what we use depends
on the lay of the land, costs vary.
Grapple yarder logging is more
competitive, we tender out contracts, so the lowest bidder gets
the contract."
George said, "We've heard
rumours which we are trying to
verify that grapple yarder logging
has been banned in the Northwest
US. We already believe there is
excessive erosion, not pure mud
but also organic debris goes into
the water, people managing the
safety level have had to add more
chlorine to the water.
"Last year the water was
muddy, therefore more chlorine
was added, studies show that high
levels of chlorine in water produce
a higher incidence of colon cancer,"
George said.
Bonin said, "I don't see the
connection of more chlorine with
logging, chlorine serves more as
ECOBITS
function with drinking water
standards. The water supply will
be worse during high rainfalls.
--If you looked closely, I don't*
think the water is dirty from logging operations, it is generally due
to geology and parent soil material.
The issue of cle'ar-cut logging
will be discussed by the GVRD.
"The board will meet at the end of-
February to decide the extent of
logging. This could include a total *
moratorium or various variations,"
Bonin said.
"I do think there will probably
be debate. These days with public
interest groups concerns with wa-,
ter supply, if there is any threat, it
is an important issue. There is a •>
lack of data, people like myself
have done observation, but we need
long term data collection on water
quality. The board will make the
final decision."
George said, "To make a long"
story short, if they continue to log, <,
GVRD health will have to put in a
filtration plant. It is estimated to
cost half a billion dollars, way, way
more than they will ever make
from logging. The best way to filter
it is to leave the watershed alone""*
and not clear cut it. Even high lead ,
systems are inappropriate in watersheds, clear cutting is totally
inappropriate and costs more in
the long run."
In 1988, the smog levels in Mexico City (home to over 25 million people>
exceeded World Health Organization standards on 312 out of 366 days. Diiririg
the winter, the pollution grew so bad that schoolchildren had to be given the
entire month of January off—walking to school posed too serious a health risk.
Only about half of the original tropical forests still stand today: 800 million
hectares of 1.6 billion. It is estimated that the destruction is continuing at an
ever-increasing pace: from 11.4 million hectares/yr. in 1980 to over 20 million
hectares/yr. in 1990. At present, Latin America has lost 37% of its forests, Asia
42%, and Africa 52%.
All information for ECOBITS taken from the World Wildlife Fund's Atlas ofthe Environment,
published by Prentice Hall Press, 1990.
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4/TNEUBYSSEY
January 28,1992 "»'<•>;•
mmm^mmm mm—mm
Cyanide Spill:
Vancouver's Chemical Threat
by Graham Coleman
On January 16, a container
holding 175 drums of deadly sodium cyanide pellets fell and split
open while being unloaded from a
railcar at Pier Three on theBurrard
Inlet.
The area was evacuated and
the Vancouver Fire Department's
(VFD) Hazardous Materials team
was alerted. Laidlaw Waste Systems—the private company contracted to deal with the spill—took
three days to finish the clean-up.
AssistantchiefWilliams ofthe
VFD said, "It was very fortunate
that it did not rain. If ifs mixed
with water it produce s toxic gases."
Sodium cyanide pellets, when
mixed with sulphuric acid, produce the deadly gasses used in
California's execution chambers.
The clean-up team "was able
to keep it fairly dry, but it was
beginningto disintegrate just with
the moisture in the air," he said.
Although the chemical spill
did leak into the surrounding area,
Williams said the toxicity never
exceeded "routine danger levels."
"Our team's there to insure
that there's no life threat. We make
the area as safe as we possibly can,
and if necessary our teams will do
an isolation. With that product
there's nothing you can do but put
it in a container and remove it."
Don Larson, president of
CRAB society (Create a Real, Accessible Beach) said that this most
recent spill reaffirms the need to
move the shipment of hazardous
goods away from urban regions.
(CRAB is a citizen's action
group formed to lobby for the creation of greenspaces in the densely
populated Strathcona area bordering Pier 3. Having accomplished
its initial aim, CRAB continues to
act as an advocate for the
community's rights.)
Larson has al so been active on
the Vancouver and District Labour
Coudl's subcommittee on hazardous cargo for last two years.
"The guys who are working on
the waterfront are pretty freaked
out by what they're handling, but
they're afraid to say anything in
case they'll lose their jobs,"he said.
Because only six per cent of
the goods moved through Burrard
Inlet are hazardous, most of the
teamsters jobs would not be
threatened, Larson said.
In any case, "jobs lost through
relocation would be regained at
the new site."
Paul Lawrence, chair of the
subcommittee for eight years said
he agrees there are problems with
the current hazardous goods site.
"Ifs been an ongoing thing
that we've been discussing for sev-
ECOBITS
According to the World Wildlife Fund, "the
next decade will see a wildlife holocaust. By the
turn of the century a million kinds of animals,
plants and insects are expected to be driven into
extinction. By the year 2050, half of all the species
alive today could be lost forever. This disaster
threatens to rival the mass extinction of 65 million
years ago."
The UNEnvironment Programme estimates
that desertification threatens 1/3 of the earth's
land surface including 63% of all rangelands, 60%
or the world's rainfed croplands, and some 30% of
the irrigated lands.
eral years. A study in the late 80s
found that the alternatives were
few, and that the various levels of
government and industry would
have a lot of trouble agreeing on a
new location," he said.
"They've looked at other alternatives. There's always been
talk of Robert's Bank (the coal super-port south of Ladner), but the
environment there is very precarious."
Yet, the situation cannot be
allowed to continue in its current
state, Lawrence said.
"The workers in a lot of cases
have become so used to handling
them [dangerous cargos] that
they've become nonchalant," he
said.
"One of our problems is trying
to keep dangerous cargos in the
minds ofthe people toimpress upon
them that ifs a very serious business."
"We're not Luddites or anything. We fully understand that
chemicals are here, that they're
here to stay, and that they're going
to be shipped through built up areas. There's no question about
that."
"What we've always fought for,
and still fight for, is thatthe present
regulations be enforced and that
there be a process of continual review," Lawrence said.
However, according to Larson,
simple enforcement of current
regulations is not sufficient. Since
the goods have to first reach the
dock area, the problem of hazardous goods is not confined to the
Burrard Inlet site.
The railways and the three
truck routes that the City of
Vancouver has designated for
dangerous cargos also pose a potentially serious public hazard,
Larson said.
Williams said that partially
empty railcars containing chemicals, or liquified propane are actually the most dangerous.
"The best example I could give
you of an uncontrolled situation is
what happened in Missisauga
about three years ago where they
had a BLEVE [Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapour Explosion]," he
said.
"Ifs extremely powerful. It
killed one or two firemen and the
whole area had to be evacuated.
"Now we have a safety rule
that if we do have tank cars involved we set up unmanned water
monitors and we stay 1,000 feet
back."
According to VFD estimates,
the force of an explosion from one
of those cars could produce a fireball of up to 300 meters in radius.
Brandywhine fells on route to Squamish.
MA CHIA-NIEN PHOTO
Federal government to fund
new global warning probe
by Yukie Kurahashi
Canada will be pumping more
money into environmental research in an effort to improve the
understanding of the causes and
effects of global warming in the
country.
An $85 million Green Plan
science programme was announced
Mondaybyforestry minister Frank
Oberle, on behalf of environment
minister Jean Charest.
Although Environment
Canada announced that the
programme "will focus on the regional patterns, speed and extent
of global warming in Canada, and
its effects on the climate system"
which will "provide a sound basis
for understanding the implications
of policy decisions," the programme
will also "help in tracking progress,
developing private- and public-
sector investment strategies, and
supporting actions by individual
Canadians to help control global
warming."
Clark Binkley, the dean of
forestry and forest resources
management, said the entire $85
million budget of the programme
will be allocated for research, with
"three quarters ofthe total budget
going to universities andothernon-
governmental labs."
"Ifs a science initiative related
to climatic changes involving global warming in Canada," he said.
Although he did not know the
dollar figure being granted to research labs at UBC, Binkley said
"the bulk of the funding will go
towards atmosphere modelling."
"The principal task is to develop a better weather circulation
model—such as the General Circulation Model—and to improve
the aspects ofthe model involving
the interaction of the atmosphere
and the ocean," he said.
"The secondary task is to improve the aspects of the model
dealing with the interaction between the atmosphere and land
masses and forests."
For example, he said, "There
will be large-scale expenditures on
the effects of changes on the boreal
forests due to global warming, and
on gas exchange in the oceans."
Greenpeace activist John
Mate said he wonders when money
will be used to start combatting
global warming.
"All this research is certainly
important, but we're facing a horrendous situation on Earth. We
have to act immediately on what
we already know, as well as working on research," Mate said.
Mate drew a direct correlation between ozone depletion and
global warming, caused by "the
slaughter of the forests—which
some people have called the 'lungs
ofthe earth'—and the destruction
ofthe phyloplankton—which is an
even more important agent in the
transformation of carbon dioxide
into oxygen—by excess [ultraviolet] radiation penetrating the
earth's atmosphere caused by
ozone depletion."
"Ifs good that the research is
happening. We're into a phenomenon that human beings have never
experienced; ifs a whole new reality in the atmosphere of the
earth," he said.
"But we have to make a demand on the government and all
corporations dealing in the production of [Chlorofluorocarbons]
and CFC substitute material that
contribute to ozone depletion, that
we want action right now."
Mate concluded, "The main
actions we want right now is an
immediate stop on the production
of ozone-depleting substances, a
stop to the destruction of forests,
and the development of mass transit facilities to deal with the congestion and pollution of private
vehicles in urban areas."
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/5 ~'J& VARSITY COMPUTERS 1
W^sc     SERVING VANCOUVER SINCE >87
/TRISON 386SX     "\   /^TRISON 386DX-25\     /TRISON386DX-40
20Mhz 386SX CPU
1 Meg RAM
1.2 or 1 44 Meg floppy drive
1 scnal, 1 parallel, 1 gime pon
101 keyi enhanced keyboard
52 Meg bud dnvc
Mono moruior wiih H*aculc*
compatible** cai-d
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$850°°
• 25Mbt 386DX CPU
• 1 Meg RAM
• 12 or 1.44 Meg floppy drive
• 1 serial, 1 parallel. 1 game pon
• 101 keys enhanced keyboard
• 52 Meg hard drive
• Mono monitor with Hercules
rwnrnliMfi CMjA
$1000w
• 40Mhi 386DX CPU
• 1 Meg RAM
> 12 or 1.44 Meg floppy drive
■ 1 serial, 1 parallel. 1 game pon
■ 101 keys enhanced keyboard
• 50 Meg haid drive
■ Mono monitor with Hocules
les caid
H150*
(^1132*3336    Fax: (604) 333-3372
Notice of
Annual General
Meeting of the
Alma Mater Society
Thursday, Feb. 13th, 12pm
Room 206 (Council Chambers) SUB
Persuant to Code & Bylaws, Bylaw 3, Section
One (1) the following shall be dealt with:
1. receiving the financial statements of the
AMS,
2. receiving & approving the preceding fiscal
year's financial statement duly approved and
reported on by the auditors,
3. appointing the Auditors ofthe Society for the
ensuing fiscal year, and
4. receiving the Report ofthe President and the
General Manager with respect to the
activities ofthe Society of the present school
year.
All AMS members (yes, that means you) invited
&. encouraged to attend.
13 BOLOGNA.
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ENVIRONMENT ISSUE—NEWS
$w6*
v. ;
**5-j|*?^ £>*
Looking north from Jericho Beach.
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
Clearcutting has alternatives
by Jennifer Vlgano
In BC, three methods of logging are currently in use: clear-
cutting, selection logging, and
shelterwood logging. The question
of which is most environmentally
sound is at the heart of a great
controversy between foresters and
environmentalists.
Clearcutting—widely perceived as the cheapest method—is
the most commonly practiced
method in BC. It involves the removal of all the trees from an area
in one massive cut. The forest industry claims it is necessary as a
means to stop the spread of disease
and allow species full sun to regenerate.
According to official government gui delines, the size and shape
of a clearcut should be based upon
economic, social, and environmental factors. As well, site characteristics such as soil stability, terrain difficulty, and water courses
should be taken into consideration.
In general, the more sensitive an
area, the smaller the clearcut
should be.
Unfortunately, from the size
of clearcuts in BC, it is apparent
the intent of these guidelines are
not consistently followed.
A public-relations pamphlet
distributed by MacMillan Bloedel
(one of severed international forest
companies logging in BC), states
"clearcutting is the simplest, safest and least expensive way to log
andregenerate these forest lands."
MacBlo also claims
clearcutting represents sustain-
{f
able forest management and
"makes good biological, safety, and
economic sense in the short term."
The Western Canada Wilderness Committee (WC?) is opposed
to the clear-cut process. They argue
clear-cutting is ecologically devastating.
Grey Jones, one of WC?'s campaign manager's, saidclearcutting
causes slope erosion, wildlife displacement, extinction, and desertification.
As an alternative to massive
clear-cuts, WCT proposes selective
logging of sites and the use of
"zipper"cuts (very small clear-cuts)
which permit the effected ecosystem to heal itself.
"Small is beautiful," Jones
said.
The selection method of logging manages even and uneven
aged stands. The objective of the
selection method is to maximize
site productivity while maintaining site stability. The oldest or
largest trees are harvested repeatedly; therefore, regeneration
is a continual process while permanent forest cover is kept.
Selection cutting stimulates
old-growth winter range for black-
tailed deer, and is used in areas
where trees are diseased. The diseased trees are removed, the rest
ofthe stand is left where regeneration of vigorous and resistant
species is encouraged.
The selection method of har-
vestingis considered to be the most
"socially acceptable" as it preserves
more wilderness for wildlife habi
tat and is more aesthetically "* "**
pleasing. -*■■
The shelterwoodmethodisone
in which trees from the old stand
are kept until a new stand has
been adequately established. This
method is a combination of selection cutting and clearcutting*"*"
through the gradual removal of a , _
stand of trees in a series of partial
cuttings that may resemble thinning.
The overall effect of the
shelterwood method is essentially
a clearcut. This system is designed
for shade tolerant species that regenerate naturally under the **"
canopy of the final crop. This # _
method is best suited for those
species which require a large
number of seed to regenerate, and
protection of seedlings during
growth.
Selective logging seems to be--^**
the best alternative for BC's forest ^^
industry. Herb Hammondfrom the      ,,
magazine Forest Planning Canada
states "...selective cutting or partial cutting in a portion ofthe forest landscape can meet aesthetic
needs and protect other forest uses ^ _»..
such as recreation, tourism, water,
trapping, and culture." ** -
Selective logging is both economically and the most socially
acceptable; it avoids the difficulties
and the high costs of regenerating
clearcut areas, is the least ecologically devastating and remains
profitable. ^ -
^
Write for the upcoming
Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual
Special Issue of The Ubyssey.
Deadline for National Wire Copy - Feb. 5th
Deadline for Ubyssey-only Copy - Feb. 12th
Talk to us
at The Ubyssey, SUB 241K
^
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6/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 ENVIRONMENT ISSUE -J NEWS
/',
w
P'
Global warming and our responsibility
by Peter Nilsen
If you live in a heated house,
drive a car or fly in a plane, you are
part of the problem. We need to
make an individual decision to
changeour lifestyles. Take the bus,
ride a bicycle, plant a tree, close
the window when it is five degrees
outside. It's your planet, it's your
responsibility.
The theory of global warming
is simple. Add more carbon diox
ide, methane and CPCs to the atmosphere and more of the sun's
energy will be trapped within, like
a giant greenhouse. The greenhouse effect causes global warming.
These are subjects that periodically receive a lot of media attention. Frequently this attention
either consists of pessimistic forecasts based on inevitable global
warming, or the research group
reports that claim the whole idea
is ridiculous.
For years now environmental
groups have predicted a rising
sea-level, droughts, and shifting
rainfall patterns if nothingis done,
while various scientific groups have
have questioned such theories.
At issue is whether the global
temperature will stay the same,
rise a little, or, as the United Nations intergovernmental panel of
Climate Change has concluded,
three degrees Celsius in the next
century.
People in their everyday life
seem to be totally oblivious to this
reality. Rarely do people take steps
in their life to minimize their impacts.
Citizens groups and politicians
rant and rave about smog, which
at most affects a few hundred
square kilometeres of the earth's
surface, but global warming,
though it affects the whole planet,
is left to intergovernmental panels to make recommendation after
recommendation, which virtually
everyone promptly ignores.
The scientific theory exists.
Burn fossil fuels and watch the
atmosphere change. Whether or
not the earth overheats is important, but we need to accept that we
are venturing into the unknown,
with climatic disaster possible.
The consequence of
technological literacy
Genetic biodiversity in agriculture
* byAnaarSaJoo
It is often assumed the industrialized world is buffered
against loss of genetic diversity
due to the availability of tools of
^ ^genetic engineering. Pharmaceutical and agribusiness companies
—» have used exotic species, obtained
informally from germplasm expeditions, with great economic success. Reliance on genetic engineering, however, can result in neglect
of the natural species which, so
far, have been most successful,
^ A outperforming any altered variety
in the natural environment.
. > Genetic diversity is at an all
time high (there have been five
mass extinctions on this Earth so
far), but is declining at an unprecedented rate due to human activity. Peter S. Ashton of Harvard
"^University found more than 700
^ tree species on ten hectares in Indonesia. This is equal to the total
number of tree species in North
America. More importantly, it is
estimated that one species is lost
each day.
** *       One quarter of all products in
t, our neighbourhood drugstore have
their origin in tropical rainforests.
Plants also produce fibres and petroleum substitutes. A stand of 500
trees of the babassu palm of the
Amazon basin produces about 125
•-^barrels of oil a year. The rosy
periwinkle from Madagascar yields
two alkaloids, vinblastine and
vincristine, that are effective
against Hodgkin's disease and
acute lymphocytic leukemia. The
income from these two substances
,., alone exceeds $100 million a year.
Only 1.4 million ofthe four million
*" species estimated have been formally described to date.
Advances in crop agriculture
show that agribusiness and our
government recognize the impor-
^ _, tance of a wide genetic base from
which to draw. Techniques such as
•**' gene transfer for crops are only as
useful as the diversity of starting
materials. Hybrid vigor comes from
outbreeding or crossing genetically
unlike species. Despite this recognition, there are only 12 parental
strains for the 100 corn hybrids
»    used today.
At the moment, humans use
about 7,000 species for food, but a
conservative estimate is that approximately 25,000 species have
edible parts. Preserving genetic
diversity enables us to cut corners
in order to feed our ever-growing
population.
Since World War II, there has
been a tendency toward
monocropping. The danger of this
practice has been illustrated again
and again. The classic example is
the 1970 disaster in the US corn
belt where the male-sterile T-cy-
toplasm" was bred into corn. Its
successful incorporation allowed a
closely matched fungus to attack
the crop, causing a debilitating 15
per cent reduction in production.
Crops have been domesticated
over thousands of years. They
would not survive in their present
form without cultivation. With the
adoption of high yielding varieties
in developing countries, there has
been a loss of indigenous genetic
resources. The discovery of certain
genes in wheat and rice, however,
has enabled breeders to r econ struct
crop plants true to their evolutionary history.
The Russian scientist Vavilov
was the first to organize germplasm
expeditions arguing that maximum variability of a species would
be found near its area of origin.
Now, several international organizations have made major contributions in the collection and
conservation of this valuable genetic resource.
Gene transfer, protoplasm
transfer, genetic fingerprinting
and RFLP analysis are invaluable
tools that can be used to manipulate single traits and to classify
and distinguish crop germplasm.
In agriculture, plants are bred for
reproductive efficiency and wide
adaptation leaving their vulnerability to disease and pest infestation. Development of varieties
with multdlineal composition is a
protective shield against unexpected eradication.
The recombinant DNA and
genetic identification technology
has been cause for concern. There
exist safeguards against the release of "new" organisms into the
environment where they may
compete with and replace the
natural variety. Concerns have
died down dramatically due to legislation and the realization ofthe
difficulty in unwanted transfer of
genes once they are stable in the
host's genome. Regulation still lags
behind innovation.
Conservation of biodiversity
will not occur in a vacuum. There
must be progress in the fields of
molecular genetics, politics, economics and agriculture. Methods
such as orchards, gene banks, cold
storage facilities for seeds and tissue cultures for conservation must
be used in concert and monitored.
Since it is not yet possible to recreate DNA from dead tissue, it is
necessary to preserve endangered
varieties. With funds already limited, greater demands on resources
and shrinking acreage, prevention
of extinction is essential.
Germplasm resource centers
all over the world contribute to the
consolidation of funds and human
resources. Care must be taken to
ensure the free and non-commercial use of working and core plant
collection resources. The International Board for Plant Genetic
Resources and other international
organizations demand that information be kept freely available.
Legislation restricting transfer of
economically-useful species from
a country prompts retaliatory action. This is one instance where
the underdeveloped south may
profit from the industrialized
north, stabilizing the flow of resources between the hemispheres.
Some genetic pools can no
longer be saved. Priorities have
already been set and landraces are
still in danger. Within the existing
and extensive collections of plant
germplasm, there are still gaps.
In 1974, the Committee on
Genetic Experimentation was
formed with interdisciplinary representation. The Committee came
up with three conclusions:
1) There is no evidence of
unique hazards with the use of
recombinant DNA technology, or
in the horizontal transfer of genes
(from species to species);
2) The risks for the release of
modified versus unmodified organisms are the same;
3) The assessment ofthe risks
of introducing recombinant DNA
organisms should be based on the
organism and its targeted organism, rather than on the method by
which it was produced.
Attempts by molecular biologists to take social responsibility
for their findings is unparalleled
in the history of technology.
Murphy's Lawindicates that problems with engineered releases occur on those projects considered
safest.
by Rodney Snooks
An understanding of science
and technology is necessary for a
meaningful comprehension of environmental issues in our society.
The environment is influenced by
our patterns of consumption, which
are dictated by rapid technological
expansion.
In the past few decades our
society has experienced a massive
increase in its ability to produce
new technologies and its dependence on them. For most people,
this "technologicization" has not
been accompanied by a corresponding increase in the understanding of science, technology, and
the processes by which they are
produced.
Most of us access daily the
results of this expansion in the
form of compact disc players, computers and high resolution television. Yet these items are black
boxes both in concept and in their
workings.
For good or bad, our entire
economic system has come to be
based on the paradigm of continuous technological expansion.
Therefore, an understanding ofthe
process of technology is essential
to understand current economics.
Even educated people seem to
exhibit a resi stance to learning the
basics of technology creation. Arts
students seeking to fulfill their
science course requirement would
rather take Oceanography three-
oh-something than learn some engineering or computer science.
Of the many students I have
met at this school, the number
with any understanding of scientific research has been infinitesimal.
The results of such a situation
cannot fail to be detrimental. A
public without an understanding
of our economic processes is an
uninformed public. An uninformed
public cannot properly guide, understand or even question the decisions of our political and business
leaders—they do not even know
the language to use.
It is like trying to analyze an
historical document written in a
language in which you have seen a
few ofthe words, but basically only
have a contextual understanding,
while the remainder holds no
meaning at all.
In our time, technological
progress has seemed to take on a
life of its own. This process is precisely a result ofthe detachment of
people from technological development. But the process is an illusion. Our detachment from technology keeps us from understanding the human aspects of its development.
The relevance to environmental (actually ecological) issues is
clear. A common belief is that rapi d
technological development can
continue forever and furnish us
with the needs for survival regardless of ecology.
Humans cannot live in complete detachment from the outside
world. There are physical limitations to growth. Our oil is rapidly
depleting; land whose topsoil is
destroyed cannot support crops;
and our atmosphere will become
poisonous if our rainforests all die.
These facts seem obvious, yet
people are often capable of believing we can overcome these problems with technology. But no machine can make us live without
food, water, and air. Research labs
do not employ "superwomen" or
"supermen."
A belief shared by many en-
vironmentalistsisthatonlyarapid
realignment of our economic and
social priorities can preserve our
quality of life for future generations. Continued rapid expansion
and consumption of our natural
world can only continue to a finite
limit.
If we cannot make a conscious
decision to take this society off its
present course, then economic and
ecological disaster will be the only
result. And only informed, technologically literate people are capable of making this decision.
HOT FLASH
FRIENDS OF OKA
FUNDRAISER FOR THE FIVE B.C. WOMEN WHO WERE AT
OKA
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1,1992
7:30 P.M.
UBC GRAD CENTRE
Speakers:
Entertainment:
Vince Stogan - Musqueum
Jennie Jack - Tlingit
Herb George - Wet'suwet'en
Kwakiutl Dance Group
Leonard George Drum Group
The Hard Cases Rock Band
Tickets: $9.00 students and unemployed; $15.00 employed
tickets available at the door - for more info call 731-1772
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/7 CAMPUS BOUND
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286 20MHz
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386 25MHz
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9600 Send/Receive FAXMODEM	
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Logitech Windows/Mouse Bundle	
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Fujitsu DL-900 (24-pin)	
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8/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 ENVIRONMENT ISSUE-NEWS
No compromise: environmental group strikes back
by Graham Coleman
They have been called eco-
* terrorists. Many consider their
actions illegal, and the US has
sentenced one of their founding
members to a five-year prison sentence for his actions. But when it
comes to the environment, Earth
First will not compromise.
« "Our underlying position is
that ecological concerns should
always be put ahead ofthe concerns
of any single species, including
humans," said Ken, initiator of
Vancouver's first Earth First
•* chapter.
„ Ken, who got involved in 1985
and 1 ater helped form Earth First's
Calgary chapter, said individual
initiative was central to the Earth
First philosophy.
"Earth First is not an organi-
**zation. It's a radical, decentral-
ized, non-hierarchical, all volunteer ecology movement. Ifs not a
true 'organization,' as there are no
official memberships. Rather, ifs
an association of eco-activists who
share a similar perspective on the
h> » state of the environment and on
their commitment to do something
' about it."
Yet, the Earth First philosophy
of direct action does not support
violence, he said.
"Violence is a harmful act
_ p. against any living creature, not
actions against an inanimate object like a bull dozer. We are for the
destruction of the instruments of
violence.
"Earth First has advocated
technological sabotage for the
benefit ofthe environment, but on
an individual level.
"Ifs for the individual to take
their own initiative. We call it
monkeywrenching."
And, according to Ken, that is
exactly what Earth First has been
trying to do—take away industry's
weapons of destruction: the bulldozers, the chainsaws, and the
public's blind acceptance that
companies have the right to destroy
the environment in the name of
"economic prosperity."
Before turning toeco-activism,
however, Earth Firsfs founding
members had tried the mainstream
environmental approach.
"Dave Foreman [who would
later be sentenced to five years in
prison on charges of conspiracy to
destroy logging equipment] was
the chief representative of the
American South West for the Wilderness Society, and Howie Wolke
worked with Friends ofthe Earth."
In fact, of the five founding
members, only Mike Roselle came
from a radical-action background,
havingbeen active with the Yippies
(a radical US political group active
in the 60s and 70s), Ken said.
Yet as the 70s came to a close,
Earth First's founding members
"became increasingly frustrated
with the compromises that the
moderate environmentalists were
making with resource extraction
industries."
"[The moderates] were worried
there would be a backlash by the
politicians if they asked for the
preservation of low elevation, old-
growth forests because that's
where humans like to live too.
"Mainstream groups were
askingforlesswildernessthanthey
should have been—areas high in
elevation with little economic use."
Finally, the election of Reagan
to the US presidency in 1980 and
the widespread American swing
toward conservatism which had
swept him into office, pushed the
issue over the edge, Ken said.
Against this rising tide of
"speciesism"—the belief in the supremacy of a single species (the
eco-equivalent of racism or sexism)—Foreman, Wolke, Roselle
and others fought back with the
formation of Earth First, Ken said.
"Since then they've redefined
the parameters ofthe debate. There
basically was no pure, pro-environment position before Earth
First came along.
"It was Earth First which first
raised the whole temperate
rainforest issue in California in
the early 1980s."
By pushing eco-issues much
further than before, Earth First
makes the other environmental
groups look like acceptable alternatives, Ken said.
"People were calling groups
likeWC*radical."
(WC3-Western Canada Wilderness Committee—is a
Vancouver based educational organization run by volunteers and
does not advocate violence of any
sort.)
When asked what Earth
First's focus will be here in
Vancouver, Ken said, "I'm not the
one who's going to call the shots
here. Ifs by consensus. Earth First
is a non-hierarchical group and
the decisions that the group takes
will be determined by the agreement of all its members."
However, he felt "they should
focus on eco-systems that haven't
received sufficient media attention
as well as the old-growth forests."
Among the issues Ken listed
were: wetlands ofthe Fraser River
area, old-growth maple stands in
the lower mainland, BC's interior
grasslands, marine eco-systems,
and, of course, old-growth western
rainforests.
"There are many legitimate
means to use. Earth First uses one
of them—civil disobedience. Where
legitimate environmentalists are
already acting we won't interfere.
But as a last resort, Earth First
will try to be there."
'•-»'
Environmental hotspots in BC
by Shelley Vandenberg
CARMANAH (Upper): Currently
all logging is halted pending reviews by Western Canada Wilderness Committee (WCWC) and
MacMillan Bloedel.
CHILCOTIN-
BIG   CREEK:
Rare grasslands
over-grazed   by
cattle.
CLAYOQUOT SOUND
(Bulson Creek): The NDP
"has placed an  18-month
moratorium on logging in the
area. However, Bolson Creek
is still potentially threatened
by logging.
GREATER VANCOUVER
REGIONAL DISTRICT
AND LOWER FRASER
VALLEY: Boundary
Bay: pollution and urbanization are contributing to the drop in migrating bird populations.
Burns Bog: Currently it
is being used as a city
dump; however, Burns
Bog Conservation Society
wants this area designated as an Ecological
Reserve. Unique to this
area are the Sandhill Cranes
and Spotted Skunk.
Seymour Watershed: this area
provides Greater Vancouver with
drinking water. Grapple yarders
are being used to pull logs out from
this area, which are notorious for
creating soil disturbance and soil
erosion. The resulting effect is silt
in our drinking water during heavy
rainstorms.
KUTZEMATEEN: Threat of logging in endangered wildlife area,
which is mainly grizzly bear habitat.
NAHMINT VALLEY: The NDP
will allow logging in this area under strict harvesting conditions.
However, this move does not necessarily protect against irreparable
environmental damage.
PEACE RIVER: If proposed dam
is built, it will be the second dam
on the river. Like the first one, it
will seriously endanger the river's
ecosystem.
STEIN VALLEY: Tree Farm Licences have been bought by
Fletcher Challenge
TSITIKA
TAHSISH-KWOIS
AREA: Mining, logging and poaching are a continual threat to wildlife populations in the area, including grizzly bear, Dall sheep,
eagles, and salmon.
TSITIKA (lower): An 18-month
moratorium has been placed on
this area by the NDP. However if
logging continues, it will endanger old growth forest and
killer whale use of the
VICTORIA: The most
notorious dumpers of
raw sewage. The City's
sewage is dumped directly into the Strait of
Juan de Fuca.
WALBRAN VALLEY:
The NDP has placed an
18-month moratorium
on logging in the west,
middle, and lower portions of the valley.
However, clear-cut
logging    continues in the upper areas of
the watershed posing    a
threat
t  o
CLAYOQUOT S.
NAHMIN
and WALBRAN
log- 'CARMANAH
ging will potentially begin once
roads have been built.
STKINE RIVER: Proposed logging near the river poses a threat
to the river's ecosystem and the
surrounding wildlife.
STKINE WILDERNESS AREA:
Wildlife threatened by encroaching development.
TAHSISH-KWOIS: The NDP had
placed an 18-month moratorium
on logging in this area.
TATSHESHINI WILDERNESS
fish
n d
wildlife in the area
and downstream. Most at
risk is the endangered Marble
Murrelet, a sea-bird, that nests
only in old-growth canopies.
Note: The NDP government has
the ability to allow logging at any
time in the contentious areas, those
with an 18-month moratorium,
without public consent.
Thanks to WCWC, Environment Canada, Fraser River
Estuary Management Project,
Valhalla Wilderness Society,
and Ken Wu.
A poem by R.J.
Peace
Celebrate the world
In her bounty
Compassion and tenderness
Swell to her contours.
Life gives to death
And death,
To life.
Remember the Mother
In silent times
And in pain
Her heartblood
Is one
With your own.
Pulsing with surges oflife
Beat
In rhythm.
All energy
Has one source
And one meaning
Use the knowledge
And peace
Be yourself
And your surroundings
And peace
ECOBITS
Caused by CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) and related chemicals, the depletion ofthe ozone layer
over the antarctic was first noticed in the early
1980s. By 1987 this protective atmospheric layer
was disappearing entirely over the southern continent during the winter months.
In 1989 it was shown that a similar process
was also occurring over the north pole, and later
that it was even taking place outside of polar
regions (especially between 34 and 60 north—an
area covering most of North America, Europe,
Russia, and northern China).
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/9 friends of tHe 'Earth
Established in 1978, this nonprofit group aspires to be a national
voice for the environment, working
to renew communities and the
Earth. Their current focus is on
global warming and ozone depletion.
Programmes range from urban tree-
planting at a community level to
problem-solving for global warming
at an international level. Sixty-three
per cent of funding is derived from
individual members, with some
support from Environment Canada
and donations.
Western Canada
Wilderness Committee
Anothernon-profitorganization,
WC2 works to preserve threatened
wilderness areas through public
education (books, newsletters and
public video screenings). The
Carmanah Valley, Walbran and
Tsitika areas are of primary importance; after ten years, the group
has concentrated on setting up a
research station in the Carmanah.
The group focuses public attention
on the threatened areas around BC.
The committee receives financial
support through private donations,
membership fees (which are poured
directly into campaigns), book sales,
and government grants.
Sierra Club of
Western Canada
In its centennial year, the Sierra Club is funded primarily
through private donations and
memberships. No direct tax writeoffs are offered, and they do not
usually accept government grants.
The group is currently concerned
with forest preservation, but other
interests are the wetlands and Burns
Bog. The Sierra Club maintains it is
different from Greenpeace and
prefers to achieve goals through legal channels rather than radical
action.
Society for Tromoting
Environmental Conservation
(STEC)
SPEC works for the protection ofthe
environment, through education, advocacy and action. Current plans involve
expanding research, hiring a full-time
fundraiser and developing a theory of
conservation ethics. The group takes a
global perspective in its efforts to reduce
waste of resources, improve the present
quality oflife, develop public input, and
counsel industry and government.
Founded in 1969, the group is funded by
memberships, government grants, and
private donations.
k ^«w**s*r X**"
aw f +.
Sifter the (a
the Cast rive
-»*
the Cast fish it tree is cut,
r poisoned?
■ dead, -*':
<Hprthwest Wildlife
Preservation Society
Established in 1987 as a nonprofit charitable organization,
NWPS promotes wildlife and endangered species in BC through
education—the key to understanding. They believe through education, the right choices will be made
for the preservation ofthe environment. Currently, the group is trying
to reach elementary and secondary
school students, in addition to its
adult education. The society is
funded by private donations, with
some corporate support, though
wary of organizations which seek to
influence and "tailor-make" the
group's programmes. No government funding is accepted.
Qreenpeace
A familiar name to most,
Greenpeace essentially works for a
green and peaceful planet. The group
attempts to relate environmental
awareness to global issues. Founded
in 1971, Greenpeace accepts private donations, yet rejects both government and corporate sponsorship.
""Kite
-"■S*-
*«**-
End the firms %ace
This 9-year-old group believes
the arms race is one of the major
causes of environmental destruction. End the Arms Race's special
event, the Walk for Peace, is in its
11th year.
Qreen Parly
The Greens are a political party
that promotes a sustainable
economy and society and hopes to
resolve some environmental and
societal problems. The party works
within the system to affect change
but also protests as an alternative
action. They stress they are not an
environmental party but a political
green party advocating fundamental societal shifts. First in North
America in 1983, the Green Party is
privately funded, with minimal
corporate and union support.
'Burns 'Bog
Conservation Society
The society's mandate is to preserve and conserve Burns Bog for
the benefit of all life forms. Though
the Burns Bog Preservation Society
was formed 25 years ago, this 3-
year-old group is slightly different.
It has especially raised the awareness of Delta residents. They are
funded by private donations, membership fees, and government
grants. They also receive support
from the much-boycotted Shell and
Labatt's corporations. 34 day EUROPEAN TOUR
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IVIRONMENT ISSUE—ARTS
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** TRAVELCUTS
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Taiwan Movies Festival
1) Time: January 10, 6:3()-l():.K) p.m.
Movie: MffflSli (Never Ending Memory)
••^.rna.i*i ft- (j/j^ Young Taoism Fight)
2)    Time:   January HI,  6::}()-10 :.''>() p.m.
Movie:  ti&ftZffl, (L'Air du Temps)
51W>&1§L (Fraternity)
?>)    Time:  February 7,  6:30-10:30 p.m.
Movie:  mWSM (The Red Dust)
WlM%^ (A Woman & Seven Husbands)
4)    Time:  February 14, 6:30-10:30 p.m.
Movie:  W>~^^# (First Date)
ftkftffiXW) (A Sun Without Angle)
Place:UBC Woodward Library  IRC #1
Fee:Member:Free, Non-member:$1.00
Mandarin With English Subtitle
Taiwan Association of UBC
Sighted: Two-headed
near-sighted beast!
m^^
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Raise money for your group! Hold a Roxy
fundraising party! Call the party hotline at 684-7699
ree admission with your student cdrd
932 GRANVILLE • 684 - 7699
Stein Valley guide finally arrives
by Mark Nielsen
Not since the publication of
Exploring the Stein River in 1979
has a comprehensive guide to
southwestern BC's only remaining unlogged watershed been put
into print. In that time a lot has
changed, both in terms of the
controversy surrounding the Stein
and in the Valley itself.
PRINT
Stein Valley Wilderness Guide
by Gordon White
Stein Wilderness Alliance
$14.95
Even so, Gordon White took
his time writing his Stein Valley
Wilderness Guidebook and it only
published last summer. And at
first glance it was worth the wait.
The book is not a trails-only
affair. The first 75 pages are
dedicated to an extensive overview ofthe natural history ofthe
Stein, covering the ecology, geography, vegetation and forms of
wildlife living in the Valley.
And although the Stein has
become more accessible over the
years, White impresses upon the
reader that it is no walk in the
park and not an area for six-packs
and shotguns.
There is a "mandatory reading" chapter on wilderness ethics
and how to cope with things not
found on a map, like torrential
creek crossings and animals in
search of an easy meal at the ex
pense of your equipment.
White describes 46 trails and
routes through the Stein, ranging
from day-hikes to extended backpack trips. (He recommends two
different one-way traverses: afull-
blown 12-day epic and a three to
six day "mini-traverse.")
The book also includes brief,
chapters on kayaking the Stein
and on some backcountry skiing
routes.
Unfortunately, only a few
pages are devoted to the politics
surrounding the Stein. The epilogue is written by Wendy 4
Wickwire and Micheal M'Gonigle,
two academics who have followed
the Stein controversy closely.
But that is just a small point
of an otherwise strong work. Along
with countless maps, the book has
numerous photos andillustrations,
andbite-sized pieces of information '
in the margins.
There is even a general fold-
out map in the back (although it is
no substi tute for agood topographic
map) and the Before You Go
chapter includes Tami Knight's
pesky little cartoon pack rats for '
illustrations.
ECOBITS
As of 1990, the human population had exceeded 5.3 billion: 250,000 more people are born
every day, 90 million every year.
At the current rate of growth, 1 billion people will be added every 11 years reaching a some
9 billion by the year 2025. Some estimates predict that the world's population will not peak before the
year 2100 when it reaches a total of 14 billion.
To make matters worse, 95% of all new birth will occur in struggling Third World societies
which simply don't have the resources to handle them.
Within 20 years over half the world's population will live in cities or towns. For the first time
in its history, the human race will be predominantly urban.
However, over two billion people will still not have access to clean drinking water; over 2.5
billion will still use wood to light their homes and cook their food; and over 3.5 billion will not have
access to proper sanitation.
Big
SJ
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Feb. 29th.
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UBC
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mm BOOKSTORE
6200 University Boulevard
Call 822-2665(UBC-BOOK)
Authorized Dealer
E-Mail Address: computer@bookstore.ubc.ca
Apple, Macintosh and the Apple logo are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc.
System 7.0 is a registered trademark, licensed to Apple Computer, Inc.
12/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 Big Trees:
the issues
bringing
to life
by Mark Nielsen
Ever wonder what the fuss
over BC forests is all about? Better
yet, have you ever wanted to see
them first hand?
A good starting point is a copy
of a Hiking Guide to the Big Trees
of Southwestern British Columbia, written by Randy Stoltmann.
PRINT
Hiking Guide to Big Trees of
Southwestern British Columbia
(second edition)
by Randy Stoltmann
Western Canada Wilderness
Committee
$12.95
Put out by the Western
Canada Wilderness Committee
last summer, the second edition
encompasses 31 different parks,
including, believe it or not, a run
down on the H.R. MacMillan Park
between Parksville and Port
Alberni.
(Stoltmann writes that the 134
hectare park was donated by H.R.
himself in 1944 and the main attraction is a forest of towering
Douglas-fir, western red cedar,
grand fir and western hemlock
called Cathedral Grove.)
The book gives directions to
the largest known western red
cedar in the world. True to the
message Stoltmann gives
throughout the guide, he states
"...there have been reports of even
more massive trees, as yet
unmeasured, growing in the dwindling wild forests of Vancouver Island. Shockingly, unless they are
brought to the public's attention,
they will most likely be logged."
Does Stoltmann incorporate
an agenda into his work? Definitely, but he is also writing about
the few pockets of untouched
rainforest left in the world. And
about trees that range between
500 and 1,200 years old, reaching
as high as 300 feet into the sky.
Most of these hikes are accessible and he begins with two walks
through Stanley Park.
As well, it is quickly apparent
that it is worthwhile to bring your
camera for the walk. If the photos
in the guide were printed in colour
instead of black and white,
Stoltmann would have a best-selling coffee table book on his hands.
But then again, glossy paper cannot be recycled, and his aim is to
get the reader out ofthe house.
We seem to know so little about
our old growth forests that a book
like this had to be published to tell
us where they are. Nevertheless, it
is worth sucking in the pride and
getting a copy, and then hitting
the trail.
Hot
Flash
UBC Law Union sponsors th»
2nd annual Public Interest Law
Conference on Saturday,
February 8,1992 from 9 am to
4 pm at Law Building
Invitees Include:
1) First Nations Law Students
Association
2) UBC Environmental Law Club
3) UBC Women's Caucus
4) Keynote speakers:
■Rosalee Tizya, United
Native Nations
-Darlene Marzari, MLA
"Coalition-building panels
Include:
1) First NaUoiMKRedalmlngtha
justice system
2) Women In unions: Domestic
workers
3) Environmentalists and First
Nations: Natural allies?
4) FreetradenTlmefora second
look?
Tickets $8 on sale weekdays
at noon - law building, or call
222-2317 or 684-3224
D   U   T   H   I   E
ANNUAL SALE
Kafka Kontest deadline
extended!
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The Ubyssey, SUB 241K
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Reality,   Risk  and  Responsibility
JLWW(Q  WHTEI   MWAIIIDS
A Male and Female Perspective
Speakers:        Persons With Aids Society
Moderator:      Rev. Brad Newcombe
UBC Chaplain
Friday, January 31 - 12:30 - 1:30
SUB Auditorium
Sponsored by:
AMS
Student Health OUTREACH program
Women Students' Office
Ortho Ltd., manufacturer of conceptual Shields and
conceptual Supremes
Wyeth Ltd., manufacturer of Today Sponge
Jan. 30, 31 & Feb. 1, 2
O        AT  ALL  BRANCHES     O
Downtown Main Store     919 Robson St.
Mon - Fri 9-9, Sat 9-6, Sun noon - 5 684-4496
Manhattan Books & Magazines
• French Books • 1089 Robson St.
Mon - Wed 9-9,Thu - Sat 9-10, Sun 10-6 681-9074
Point Grey Store 4444 W. 10th Ave.
Mon - Fri 9:30-9, Sat 9:30-6, Sun noon - 5       224-7012
Arbutus Shopping Centre      4255 Arbutus St
Mon-Wed 9*30«,Thu & Fri 9*309, Sat 93M, Sun noon-5    738-1833
Technical/Professional
Mon - Sat 9-5
Toll Free: 1-800-663-1174
1701W. 3rd Ave.
732-1448
Fax: (604) 732-3765
Special orders, reservations and magazines
are regular prices
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Love for Sale
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Express yourself
in The Ubyssey's
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Valentine's issue,
February 14th.
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(Deadline Feb 12th)
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January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/13 &&&.;&feL:$.^JM;Mrd dZXlXl .,
ENVIRONMENT ISSUE—FEATURE
Communities threatened in urban environment
by Michelle Mason and Robert
MacDonald
Over 75 per cent of Canadians
live in cities, yet the urban environment surrounding us remains
largely ignored.
In the last 20 years, entire
communities in Vancouver have
been eroded and displaced by the
construction of upper and middle
class housing in predominantly
working class areas.
This process—known as
gentrification—began in Kitsilano
and is working its way around the
inner city ring to converge on the
Downtown Eastside.
According to Professor David
Ley, a geographer at UBC, rapid
growth is changing the face of
Vancouver and affordable housing
is becoming a thing ofthe past.
"The inner city has always
been the most affordable housing
area in the metropolis. It has been
the zone for students, the elderly,
new immigrants, and the poor,"
Ley said.
He also said with the expansion ofthe central business district,
the development ofthe Expo Land
site and Coal Harbour, and the
attrition of low- and mid-income
housing through redevelopment,
Vancouver's Eastside residents
could soon be squeezed out ofthe
only affordable neighbourhood in
the Lower Mainland.
"They are forced to pay more
for less space. Then, there comes a
point where they're just priced-
out," Ley said.
He added the dilemma is that
the process has been occurring at a
time when government housing
programmes have been cut back.
During their recent election
campaign, the NDP said they
would double the social housing
allocation. However, with the
empty provincial coffers Ley was
unsure as to whether such funds
will be available.
According to Dayle Moseley of
the Downtown Eastside Resident's
Association, "even if they do keep
their promise, it will only be a drop
in the bucket."
Moseley also said he is concerned that if the current housing
pressures continue unchecked, the
Eastside community will be forced
to relocate.
And according to Moseley,
there's nowhere left to go.
"Rightnowifsjustattheedge.
It wouldn't take much to cause a
really bad chain reaction that
would just shove the whole system
right out the window, and you
would all of a sudden have 10,000
people on the streets," Moseley
said.
"That's what our future's going to be if we don't get down and
get serious about protecting existing housing stock, building decent
housing down here, and finding
some anchors to maintain it," he
said.
Moseley also said one of the
factors working against the
threatened Eastside is that people
fail to see it as a priority.
"They don't see this part of
town as worth saving—they don't
see this as a vibrant community,"
he said.
"Most people would probably
drive through this community and
all they would see would be the
hotels and a few people lying drunk
on the street around cheque issue
time. They would not raise their
eyes above street level and say
Tiey look—there are 80 units of
housing up there,"" Moseley said.
The image of 10,000 homeless
people on the urban landscape is
grim but according to some urban
specialists, not inevitable.
Michael Beazley, a PhD student specializing in urban
megaprojects, said if we leave development to the open market it
could be ableakfuture. Instead, he
advocates an overall city plan with
full and meaningful public participation.
"We must create mechanisms
by which communities come together," Beazley said.
Similarly, Moseley felt the way
to counter the effects of market
control on the urban environment
is to empower the community. By
having the public oversee development projects, long term solutions could be devised to circumvent what he calls the "five-year
political resurrection cycle."
"The root causes of all these
problems have long term solutions,
and they're not the kind of things
that are really sexy to politicians
because they don't help win elections," Moseley said.
With respect to long term
planning, Moseley said, he felt the
False Creek development was "a
well thought out vision of what
Vancouver could be."
The development of False
Creek's south shorehadintegrated
co-operatives and social housing
with middle- and upper-income
housing.
As well, the provision of ample
green spaces allowed False Creek
residents to interact on a daily
basis with their natural environment. Such immediate contact is
known to be fundamental to successful urban planning on an individual level and for the benefit of
the community as a whole.
"Our basic philosophical
stance is that you don't set up low
income ghettos—you integrate incomes and everything else within
projects," said Moseley.
Ley said he felt the opportunity to create such model development was missed when the city
negotiated the redevelopment of
the Expo lands.
"They should have struck a
much harder deal, and actually
required the developer to build
social housing as part of the reward for rezoning and making the
land valuable," said Ley.
Now that Expo development
is going ahead, Ley said one way to
contain the expansion of the central business district would be to
downzone areas, thereby making
them less attractive to developers.
Ley added the city has land
reserved for social housing, but
that no funds exist to build on it.
"So, in effect we have paper
housing," he said.
Furthermore, Ley said, he felt
if current trends continue,
Vancouver will ultimately become
an executive city where, to have
the privilege of living here, people
will need two professional salaries.
If Vancouver's eroding urban
environment is to be preserved,
both Moseley and Beazley emphasized the necessity of public
action. And Moseley said his outlook is positive.
"I'm optimistic about the
community, but not politicians,"
he said.
ECOBITS
Within 20 years over half the world's
Experts estimate that by the year
population will live in cities or towns.
2020 the Earth's average tempera
For the first time in its history, the
ture will be 1.3 Celcius warmer; by
human race will be predominantly
2070, 3 Celcius: hotter than any
urban. However, over two billion
time in the last two million years.
people will still not have access to
If the level of the oceans were to
clean drinking water; over 2.5 billion
rise only one meter because of
will still use wood to light their homes
melting polar ice-caps (a conserva
and cook their food; and over 3.5 bil
tive estimate) 200 million people
lion will not have access to proper
could be displaced.
sanitation.
14/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 ENvraoi
-r
.^t»
Preserve remaining
old growth forest
by R. J. Fisher
Old growth forest. The term
implies so much, yet people constantly throw it around with little
real understanding of its meaning.
What does oldgrowth mean to you?
If an image of Stanley Park comes
to mind, think again.
Picture, if you will, all the
wise old grandmothers and grandfathers of the world. In their lifetimes they have witnessed the
continuation of countless earthly
cycles; the rising and setting ofthe
suns, the tides, and the moons.
They have experienced the fullness
and richness of life and the intensity of emotions. They are wise
beyond their years.
Imagine all the elders of the
world merging into one complex
being, joining their individual
wisdoms into one vast receptacle
of knowledge. One heartbeat, one
lifeblood, one intricate, delicate
system born out ofthe knowledge
of centuries, and out of a bonding
with all the natural things of the
Earth.
This grandoldbeingis the old
growth forest. It gives shelter and
the means for life for all its offspring and all those who pass
through its bountiful embrace.
It is very wise, and very
stubborn in its ways. It cannot be
moved; it cannot be recreated. And,
like our elders, it has so much to
give and share. All it asks in return
is to be enjoyed and allowed to
survive for its intrinsic value.
Enjoyed with respect.
Our grandpeople yearn to pass
on their knowledge, yet we arrogantly think they have nothing to
offer that we do not already know.
Without human caring and respect,
our elders shrivel and die, and then-
deep understanding vanishes with
them. By the time we grow old and
understand, it is far too late.
The old growth forests are
dying. They have been attacked,
polluted, beat up, "developed," and
squeezed dry for every last greasy
dollar that each tree comes to
represent to our so-called forest
management experts.
The last remnants of untouched majestic west coast forest
still stand. Let us not wait until
they are completely destroyed to
realize the extent of their secrets.
ECOBITS
Long used as an
easily dump for our
urban and industrial
waste, almost every
major river in the
world is considered
polluted. Some, like
the river Vistula in
Poland, are so bloated
with pollution that it
is unusable even for
industrial purposes
along most of its
length. Another, the
river Huangpujian
(which acts as one of
Shanghai's primary
sources of drinking
water) is 20per cent
composed of untreated
sewage and industrial
waste.
^"""**^ ffftrmarfv **rnmc\
(formerly Framj)
99.3
The FOX &
Timesless
Productions
present
4 Live Metal Bands
Thursdays Student Nite
No Cover Just bring your looneys
 Alternative Music Night Starting Jan. 30th
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Our new entetunce is downstairs M side of hotel
flVSer Arni5 Hotel M-50 3.% /form Dr. Vancouver • 26i 7~
Are you an auto junkie?
by Krista Bogen
Believe it or not, there are some people out there
that do not drive. I am talking about those people that
for whatever reason ride their bikes, walk, carpool, or
use the public transit system.
I think they should be commended for not being
addicted to the automobile. They are a very quiet
minority in society, hardly ever heard, or maybe they
do speak up but the sound of traffic drowns out their
voices.
Perhaps they should speak up louder or take a
bow once in a while since they are the ones doing less
harm to the environment than the majority.
These people may not necessarily choose not to
drive a car specifically to protect the atmosphere, but
whatever their reason, the result is that they are
doing their part in protecting the air we breath.
Collectively, they are buying us all time, sparing
us a deeper state of environmental crisis than we are
now facing.
Driving a car can be addictive and with the
current state of the world's pollution problems we
need to break the habit and start using alternatives.
In the past, cars have been a status symbol (and
no doubt thev are often still seen that way today), but
the tide may be turning. Just as smoking is becoming
less socially acceptable, driving cars everywhere you
go may also become less socially acceptable.
The quality ofthe air we breath and the effects of |
pollution on the atmosphere are ringing alarm bells in
people's ears to try to change their habits to reflect j
their concerns and values.
Even the head of Volvo said, "In the near future,
there will be only one solution: to ban cars from cities."
(Montreal Gazette, Aug.4/90)
I believe that most of us agree that there is a need
to begin acting more responsibly toward the environment and rather than wait until it is too late, there is
something that each one of us can do—match our
concerns with our habits.
I choose to ride my bike, and I am currently a
bicycle advocate working to make cycling more accessible at UBC for students and staff. I advocate cycling
for various reasons, but most importantly because it
is less hazardous to the environment.
I do own a car, but only drive it when I really need
to. "Only when I really need to." Each of us will have
to define that phrase in their own way, but for me it
means at the very least, non-local. Come rain or shine,
if I possibly can, I ride my bike.
Whenever you have the choice between different
means of transportation—walking, biking, the bus,
carpools, or your car—choose the cleaner mode. Well
all benefit.
Another advantage cycling offers students is convenience. All too often convenience is only associated
with the automobile, but at UBC, or in crowded
communities such as Kitsilano, cycling is often more
convenient than driving.
If you have thought about riding your bike to
campus, but have not actually done it, think again.
The time is ripe. More and more people are discovering the pleasures of cycle-commuting and are choosing to leave their cars at home.
Do not be an auto junkie. Be part ofthe pollution
solution—ride your bike!
George Morfitt. FCA, Auditor General of British Columbia
Watchdog of the public purse. The man our
provincial government is accountable to on all fiscal
expenditures.
His clients are B.C.'s taxpayers. His job is to make
certain the province's $13 billion budget is spent
economically and efficiently.
The responsibility is enormous. But George excels
at turning challenging assignments into successful and
rewarding opportunities.
He has worked in many areas of business finance,
which led to his previous position as Vice-President and
Chief Financial Officer ofthe Diamond Group of Companies. He's been Chairman of the University
of British Columbia's Board of Governors and
the Universities Council of B.C. A municipal
alderman. President of the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C. And inductee to the province's Sports
Hall of Fame.
George's CA has opened many of those doors.
"You can use the discipline, training and approach gained
from your professional designation to take leadership
roles throughout the fabric of Canadian society."
George Morfitt, CA and public watchdog.
If you're looking for a career with multiple
opportunities, write the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C.
Our standards are higher.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
1133 Melville Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6E 4E5
Telephone: (604)681-3264 Toll-free 1-800-663-2677
George Morfitt's CA
introduced him to
3 million "
Chartered
Accoontant-
ofiritish
Columbia
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/15 i'ivmcrxo 7iffi
I
On Sunday February 2nd, U.B.C.'s Hilicl House is presenting
its inaugural "Run to Fly*1. Organized in conjunction with the
Jewish Students* Association, the 5 km run/walk/roller blade with
pets and strollers intends to raise money for continuing Hillel programs. The entire community is urged to participate in thiskick-ofl"
to "Israel Week" - a week long event designed to create the flavour
of Israeli culture including everything from Houmous to politics!
Each participant of the "Run to Fly" is entered to win the first
prize which is a round trip to Israel on El AI! Registration isSIS.OO.
Also included with registration is an official T-shirt, Israeli goodies
and much, much more...
Look for entertainment, refreshments, and a great time at
U.B.C.'s Hillel House at 11:00 am, Sunday February 2nd. Registrator! forms available at Hilicl, 224-474S.
HILLEL   HIGHLIGHTS
Hillel's Famous
Hot   Lunch
Tu$$d&y,    January   21
22i3Q   PM
Wednesday,. Jan.   29
12:30     PM
Torah Study Group
Hebrew classes:
12:30-1:30
^
5:00 PM
Jewish Mysticism
With Rabbi Dubrawsky
Wed. Jan 29 advanced
Thurs. Jan 30 beginners
For more information please call Hillel at 224-4748
McGill
MANAGEMENT
SUMMER SCHOOL
ABROAD
Earn undergraduate degree credits
abroad this summer
The McGill Faculty of Management will offer a
selection of undergraduate management courses
this summer in the following locations:
France
Japan
China
Thailand
Cuba
To obtain a brochure with details on locations and
courses to be offered, call, fax, or write us at:
Summer School Abroad Program
Faculty of Management
McGill University
1001 Sherbrooke Street West
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Tel: (514) 398-4068
Fax: (514) 398-3876
So I've recycled, what now?
by Brett Kubicek
So you recycle. You put your
aluminum and tin cans, newspaper, glass bottles, and rigid plastic
containers in the bluebox. And
maybe you separate your
recyclables, take them to the city
recycling facility at the garbage
depot (300 SW Kent Street), and
practice "safe-recycling"by making
sure that no contaminants ruin a
whole load. If you do all of these
things you must be a deity of environmental friendliness.
However, several Canadian
municipalities cannot sell huge
piles of recyclables, some of which
get landfilled. City-wide recycling
programmes are also costly compared to landfill options.
These were just some of the
criticisms presented in a recent
recycling expose by CBC TV's
consumer watch show Market
Place.
In Edmonton, for example,
"they can't even give away" their
huge stock piles of old glass. The
city's extensive recycling
programme costs taxpayers $200/
ton to collect, rather than $66/ton
to landfill. And the percentage of
landfill reduction works out to
roughly only four per cent, Market
Place reported.
In Mississauga, for example,
a big problem is recycling mixed
plastic. Sorting the many types of
plastic with different melting
points is expensive, and finding
markets for all of them is difficult.
The city thought a new local company called Superwood, which
wanted mixed plastic, was a solution. The company processed the
material into two by fours which
could replace wood in some uses,
but the Superwood was more ex
pensive and few people were buying. The company is now in receivership. Since there is no market, most collected plastic will be
landfilled.
Derrick Stevenson, the pioneer of the bluebox phenomenon
who started the pilot programme
in Kingston, Ontario said the existing problems of recycling
programmes are not permanent.
"You can't take a bluebox and
solve a solid waste crisis."
Stevenson said recycling is in
its early stages, the technology will
improve and new markets will be
created. It is a "starting point" of
garbage awareness and consciousness, he commented.
"The bluebox as a piece of
technology is not an efficient way
to handle all recycling."
Joan OT^eil, who is responsible
for Ottawa's bluebox programme,
said the strategy for waste control
begins with reduction.
"We talk about the hierarchy
of Rs: reduce, reuse and recycle.
We began down at the bottom of
the chain and if your had started
at the top with reduction and
eliminating excess garbage...I
think you would have seen reduc
tion in [landfills] at a much faster
rate," she said.
Already Guelph, Ontario, is
progressing with their cheaper
"Wet-Dry" programme, which replaces both bluebox and regular
garbage pick-up. Each household
has two containers: one for wet-
taking compostables, which includes disposable diapers and
cigarette ashes and the other is for
dry-taking items such as bottles,
cans and paper. The wet is mixed
with woodchips and composted by
the city, and the dry is sorted at a
facility which recycles or landfills
appropriately.
Whereas the bluebox
programme reduced landfill in
Guelph by 9.6 per cent, Wet-Dry is
expected to reduce by 40 per cent.
Other communities such as
Nanaimo and Vancouver are trying to reduce by charging money
for garbage collected that is above
a weekly quota.
It is encouraging that many
are recycling, but we must reuse
and cut back on packaging and
disposable products. Market Place
criticized recycling because it is
only part ofthe solution. Reducing
is the real solution.
ECOBITS
Before European contact, the largest conifer forest in the world was located in
the Pacific Northwest. It once ranged
over 180,000 km.2 lb date, 60% of the
Canadian portion and 90% ofthe American part has been destroyed.
Euthanasia: earth's only hope
by Deb Cope man
For all you disillusioned folk
out there who have ripped up your
Greenpeace memberships in disgust, who recognize that environmentally friendly shopping is an
oxymoron, who have bounced from
environmental coalition to movement to committee like a down and
out 40's Hollywood star seeking
rehabilitation....well, there's
something you probably haven't
tried yet.
Nope, not suicide, but you're
close. It's called the Voluntary
Human Extinction Movement
(VHEMT—as in "we're not just
serious, we're vehement").
Don't misunderstand me.
VHEMT does not advocate genocide, forced sterilization or murder
of any humans. Nor does it take a
morbid glee in the disasters that
befall human beings. It is the humanitarian alternative to such
disasters, a voluntary choice to "live
long and die out."
VHEMT believes that the
gradual extinction of the human
race is the only way to halt the
wholesale destruction ofthe earth's       Aj-
ecology. We have been parasitizing
the planet for too long, want only        * **
exploiting its resources without
paying attention to the long-term
effects of our actions.
Now, as we teeter on the brink
of complete environmental ruin,
it's time to realize that the only
real alternative to the extinction of •?-
millions of species of plants and
animals is the voluntary extinction of one: Homo Sapiens.
So, think about it. Consider
the future.
UBC's own babbling brooks
TABE JOHNSON PHOTO
16/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 ENVIRONMENT ISSUE—PERSPECTIVE
Environmental degradation
and western world views
by Markus Eymann
I believe it was Mark Twain
who said "Everybody talks about
the weather but nobody does anything about it." Today we can say
much the same about environmental degradation.
But, unlike the weather, because the destruction ofthe environment is being caused by human
activity it can be stopped, and
maybe even reversed by human
activity.
Lately, we have seen the advent of blue boxes, recycled paper,
and reusable cups. While these
changes are encouraging, they
merely scratch the surface of the
problem and do not address the
ECOBITS
After centuries
of annual whale
slaughters, a 1989
report by the International Whaling
Commission stated
that from an original
figure of 1,000,000
Sperm whales that
once roamed the
oceans, only an estimated 10,000 were
left; Humpbacks had
gone from 200,000 to
4,000; Fin whales
from over 100,000 to
less than 2,000, and
the mighty Blue
whales—the largest
animal to ever live—*
had declined from
250,000 to only 500.
As of 1990 four nations continue to
whale: Japan, Norway, Peru, and Russia.
underlying issues.
To understand them we must
examine the larger worldview
which forms the philisophical
foundation of our technologically-
oriented, greed-based society.
I do not intend to present yet
another list of "things to do to save
the planet." Instead, I will enumerate what I think are some of
the most destuctive beliefs held by
our society in the hope that this
will generate discussion.
A healthy economy is a
growing economy. This may be
the single most destructive belief
that out society holds, yet it is held
as axiomatic by almost every
economist, businessperson,
teacher, and politician. In fact, an
economy that is not based on
growth is described as "backward."
The problem with this belief is
that our world is finite, and you
simply cannot have infinte growth
in a finite world. The Earth, generous though it is, can only give so
much, and while its capacity to
absorb garbage is immense, it is
not limitless.
As a species, we have accumulated wealth and have grown in
number as if we lived in a world
that went on for ever.
What dose this mean for you
and me, you may ask?
We are all a part of this system
of consumptive greed. We all contribute to it. And, though we can't
stop eating, we can take responsibility for our actions.
When we think of buying
something, we can ask ourselves:
"How much energy was used to
ship this item from its place of
origin? How much energy and how
many resources were used in its
manufacture? Is the environmental cost of the item worth the personal benefit I will receive from its
use? Is there a lower tech, less
environmentally costly alternative?
Most things in the world
proceed in a linear manner
from the beginning, through a
middle, to an end. In nature, all
things are cyclical. Nutrients get
cycled through the ecosystem,
water is cycled, life itself is cyclical.
The oxygen that you breath is the
same oxygen that the dinosaurs
breathed. The water thatisin your
body right now has been in the
bodies of countless other organisms.
This means that the garbage
you throw out will eventually come
back to haunt us. If not tomorrow,
then next year. If not next year,
then some time. You are connected
to other living things by the great
cycle of nature. If you hurt nature,
you hurt yourself.
Humanity is separate from
and superior to nature. While
this idea may have pre-Judeo/
Christian origins, it is best exemplified by the Christian idea that
human beings are unique in their
possession of a soul.
This anthropomorphic bias
later became translated into the
"scientific" belief that only people
have thoughts or emotions. While
these ideas no longer have the
prominence they once had, their
consequences are still with us.
Our attitude of superiority
toward nature has made us believe
that we have the moral authority
to restructure the world in our
image. As a consequence, we have
built a fool's paradise consisting of
high-rise towers and high-tech
gadgets.
In our foolish arrogance, we
have created large cities like
Vancouver which can only survive
if they suck resources out of the
surrounding country-side.
This centralized system is
damaging in the short-term because it reinforces the urban illusion of separateness from nature,
and because it generates a feeling
of provincialness and inferiority
among people who inhabit the
countryside.
Itis damaginginthelongterm
because the resources of the
country side cannot last for ever. In
fact, we can already see this happening in the depletion of forests,
the loss of topsoil, aci d run-off from
mines, depletion offish stocks, etc.
However, there is an alternative in the form of locally self-
sufficent communities which use
low, or intermediate level technologies, and which live with a
philosophy of respect for nature,
respect for one another, and with
an eye to the future.
The Vancouver shoreline.
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
Recognizing the rights
of... everything
The Tofino shoreline.
MA CHIA-NIEN PHOTO
Suppose that you went into
Safeway one day when you were
feeling a little hungry, if you saw
some loaves of bread sitting on a
counter unattended, would you
take one? I will assume that everyone reading this article would
answer "no." (Ifyou answered "yes"
then you should probably consider
a trip to the psychiatrist.)
But why didyousay"no?" After
all, it would benefit you to take the
bread so long as you were not
caught. Probably, you would resist
the temptation because ofthe accepted value that it is wrong to
steal. The store owner, as we all
know, has rights.
It is now generally acknowledged that as well as European
men, women and people of all races
have rights. These basic freedoms
were not given to us by the oh-so-
kind-and-generous establishment
to make us more useful. Obviously,
slaves are very useful sorts to have
around. So are docile little women
of the "barefoot andpregnant" type.
Why were these groups given
rights, then?
Since their liberation served
no particular practical purpose, the
answer must be that there is now
a general awareness that they already had rights. They were just
being violated in a socially acceptable way. Does it not logically
follow, then, that other species also
have inherent rights that we have
been ignoring for our own peace of
mind?
I know that at this point any of
you who consider yourselves Ob-
jectivists will be rolling your eyes
and giving forth gusty sighs, because I mentioned that heinous
phrase - "inherent rights." (gasp,
shock, horror!) Well, my answer is
this: I am not writing this for you.
If environmentalists succeed, you
will be saved too, despite yourselves. If we fail, you will burn
with us.
Really, I write this for the
semi-converted, the anthropocen-
tric environmentalists. (That
means those of you who believe
that we should save the environment for our own use.) What I am
suggesting is simply an extension
of what has been done before. We
must recognize that everything
that lives has a right to live.
Of course we need to develop
an ecologically sustainable society.
If we do not, then we will cause our
own extinction. If we do not stop
our population growth, then we
will die like bacteria dividing in a
sealed jar; when they reach the top
they suffocate or drown in their
own waste.
Besides these measures,
though, we need to set aside untouchable wilderness areas, to allow other species to develop as well
as our own.
It is not enough to follow the
ideal of the seventies: "Do it for
your children." We are those children. Andit is now our responsibility to "do it" for the continuance of
every ecosystem on this planet.
Sophia Weldon
Science 2
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/17 iiiiilis
cuiivricii
Forest debate
must be acted on
The environmental debate is reaching a flashpoint as far as
treatment of BC's temperate rainforests is concerned.
On one side there are environmentalists calling for logging
bans, tougher pollution controls and a shift in our philosophic
emphasis away from exploitation and towards an earnest form of
su stainable development. Dedicated people with genuine concerns.
On the other are those who benefit directly from harvesting
our resources. For decades people from all walks of life in this
province have enjoyed the profits gained from a high-wage, resource-
based economy. It has built our industrial and urban infrastructure, and paid for the high standard of living that most of us enjoy.
Both sides have valid points. The environmentalists are
absolutely correct when they warn us that if we don't move quickly
it will probably be too late. The loggers are legitimate when they
say they have families to support. Why should they bear the brunt
of changing our economy onto a less environmentally destructive
path, they ask.
And caught in the middle is the new NDP government.
Recently elected on a campaign platform which included in its
planks the promise to -resolve the environment-logger conflict, it
finds itself split between two of its fundamental pillars of political
support: liberal minded social reformers, and union-affiliated
workers. Both have backed the New Democrats for years.
Faced with the potential for such a major cleavage within its
ranks, the NDP would clearly prefer to simply ignore the issue. But
the realities of our environment and our economy demand otherwise.
The NDP government will have to act.
Like it or not, all of us are going to have to adjust to some
fundamental changes within our society. Changes in the way we
approach our economy and in the way we detennine our societal
and individual goals. For a little while longer we will still have the
ability to choose how we will change. If we fail to take that
opportunity, the changes will eventually be forced upon us anyway.
In either case, we will change.
At least for now, the changes that the so-called "Green
Caucus" of the new NDP government and their environmental
allies are demanding really aren't that drastic at all.
In accordance with the Brundtland Report, also known as
"Our Common Future," they are calling for a boost in the amount
of forest reserved for parks from the present six percent to 14 per
cent. That may seem like a lot on paper, but on a map it's not that
much at all.
Moreover, studies have shown that such an imposition would
only equate to a 3.5-4.7 per cent reduction in the amount of forest
that logging companies are permitted to harvest.
Let's face it, it's not that much to ask.
Furthermore, if our society is going to preserve itself economically while still retaining the last few remnants of unpillaged
natural spots in our province, we must diversify our economicbase.
Like it or not, the age ofthe one-company town is over and we
have to look at other ways of attracting money to our region.
Instead of exporting raw lumber, or worse, raw logs, we need to
develop secondary and tertiary processing industries. We need to
export value-added, finished wood products, not green lumber.
The world ofthe future will not look kindly on the hewers of
wood and the drawers of water.
However, we can't continue to look upon these changes as
unseen forces which impact on other people in distant places like
Cassiar. In order to have real change, they have to affect each of us
on a daily basis.
Whether we're willing to accept it or not, as UBC students
we're on the leading edge of finding alternatives. We may not have
all the resources, we may be facing cutbacks and tuition hikes, but
in comparison to most of the world we're still pretty well off.
And, because we live and study from a position of privelige, it
is our responsibility to make the environmental changes a fundamental part ofbothourpersonal lives and of president Strangway's
agenda for the university.
It's either act now by choice, or be acted upon later.
theUbyssey
January 28,1992
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The editorial office is room 241K ofthe Student
Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 822-2301;
advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
Graham Coleman and Jen Vigan sent Deb Copeman on the mission
to find the pizza monster. RJ. Fisher gathered his friends Brett
Kubicek, Mark Nielsen and Krista Bogcn to draw the maps of where
the pizza monster had been sighted. Dianne Rudolf, John Lipscomb
and Ken Wu set off for Cheese land. Shelly Vandenberb thinking she
had outsmarted them went to Raul Peschiera's Pizza Palace with
Sophia Weldon. Markus Eymann thought the pizza monster would
spot the people of the quest a long way off, so he helped Michelle
Mason, Carla Maftechuk, Robert MacDonald and Peter Nilson make
a giant Mouse costume for their collective selves. Setting out they
gave Mary Jean O'Donnell quite a scare, which frightened Chung
Wong and caused NicoleTadosichuk to chuckle, as she created a Cat
costume. Rodney Snooks, Sharon Lindores and Anaar Sajoo did a
pizza dance, hoping tolure the monster out ofhiding. Yukie Kurahashi
smiled and went to search the skies with Tim Crumley and Matthew
Martin. Effie Pow figured she would increase her chances if she grew
a few more heads, so she did and Paula Wellings grew five extra
noses. Helen Willow-bee-Price joined Sky Anderson, Franks Cord ua-
von Spect and Victor Wong in the underworld search. Ellen Pond,
Don Mah and Chris Cock climbed the trees looking for a good vantage
point, from where they saw Paul Gordon and Tabe Johnson skipping
merrily along with jolly good news. Yggy King ate the Pizza Monster
last night.
Cover illustration by Craig Riddock.
Editors
Paul Dayson • Sharon Undores • Carta Maftechuk
Raul Peschiera • Effle Pow
Photo editor • Paul Gordon
Letters
AMS slates
defended
I would like to take issue with a number of statements made in the editorial
column of the January 24
Ubyssey ("Comparison Voting"). The statements that
slates are detrimanetal to
the democratic process" and
that they "disguise the
possibiltiy of alternatives "
are unfounded. The idea
behind slates is that they
can consolidate like-minded
candidates for the various
positions under a single
name, thus allowing voters
to see the alternatives more
clearly. A slate with clear
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In ler^th. Content
which is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241K. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
positions allows the voters
to more easily identify the
candidates with views similar to their own.
Further, slate voting,
particularly in a situation
like the one in the AMS
where each position is chosen separartely, is more
likely to lead to the existence
of an executive with clear
direction and the ability to
work together. Considering
the number of complaints
about this type of issue in
The Ubyssey in the past few
years, one would think your
position would be better
considered.
The process of making
choices easier and alternatives clearer for voters is vi
tal for any healthy democracy. Indeed, perhaps if it
were easier for UBC students
to identify important issues
and positions of a coherent
group of candidates on those
issues, we might well have
better voter turnouts in
campus elections.
Jonathan D. Waller
Honours Political
Science 4
Transcript
procedure
altered at UBC
Last December, many
students had concerns about
the lateness of transcripts
being sent out to other in
stitutions. This incident occurred due to the computer
change over and a brand new
system being installed.
Apology letters and telephone calls were made to
other universities when
transcripts failed to reach
their target destinations
with overdue dealines. Richard Spencer of the
Registrar's office stated that
now when a transcript is
ordered, "It will be ready for
pick-up the next day or it
will be mailed out within five
working days." Students can
rely on a much improved
system.
Julie Lahey
Senator-at-Large
The Gigantic Nauseating Party
and Planetary Destruction
Capitalists, their
governments, and media play a game called
increasing the "Gross
National Product," also
called "growth."
"Growth" is
unsustainable and when
forced on the planet, results in misery, destruction and permanent loss
of species and cultures.
Why do capitalist governments need "growth"
to get re-elected? Can
we break this no-win
game?
The Gross National
Product (GNP) is the
sum of all goods and
services recognized by
capitalists. The best
things in life—like fresh
air and equal relationships—are ignored, as
they don't contribute to
capitalist profit. But the
military, the legal system and pollution
cleanup are included;
they contribute to profit.
Overall, only some
of the GNP seems necessary, e.g. some food
and medicine. Some of
the GNP represents
technology, which can be
useful or destructive.
Most ofthe GNP represents the unnecessary
using up of natural and
human resources.
Thus, the GNP
mainly measures the
rate of planetary destruction. In our comfy colony
of Vancouver, Canada,
most destruction goes
unnoticed. However, the
lands and peoples on
which we depend, both
Native and foreign, are
plundered for us.
Government increases consumption to
appease voters. Some say
that more consumption is
fun. I question the moral-
happiness. The GNP is a
Gigantic Nauseating
Party which our children
and planet pay for.
Instead, we need a
valuable and self-determined existence: opportunity to vote on every
(government and business) decision and to work
with recognition anywhere in the economy—
the whole economy, not
ECO-PERSPECTIVE
ity and maturity of such
fun of living rich at the
expense ofthe poor, other
species and all future life.
"Growth" in consumption
diverts our attention
away from our degenerating environment and
our poverty relative to the
increasing decisionmaking power of
Canada's richest ten per
cent who "own" 50 per
cent of the wealth. If we
can't consume more, then
we may become aware
and refuse to vote for
capitalist parties.
When the media says
"consume to get the
economy moving," refuse.
By "economy" they mean
the narrowly defined
GNP and not a broad
measure of health and
just the capitalist-male-
etc.-legitimated part in
which most of women's
work is ignored and the
rest valued at 65 per cent
of men's.
In an egalitarian
economy, we will promote
the environment, self-esteem, creativity, understanding and independence from consumer addiction. The GNP will fall,
preferably plummet, but
every measure of health
and happiness imaginable will grow. Real
growth like that of a tree,
not the twisted
necrophilic "growth" of
the GNP.
We deserve to vote at
MacBlo meetings not because we "own" shares but
because we are alive and
matter and our concern
for the environment is
legitimate and caring,
not a "special interest".
Besides, the mainstream media says we
live in a democracy.
To bring these
changes about, we must
critically educate ourselves. Once we see how
we oppress others and
who causes and benefits
from ouf own oppression, we must seek out
other aware people and
together dismantle hierarchy. Living creatures are in a life and
death struggle with
capitalism. The mainstream media keeps this
struggle virtually invisible for selfish reasons (see Herman and
Chomsky, Manufacturing Consent).
I acknowledge that
I am human, white,
adult, male, and a beneficiary of global imperialism in general and
of the British etc. conquest of Canada in
particular, etc. I dismantle hierarchy from
a position of power;
therefore, I must listen
extra carefully to those
denied power.
John Lipscomb MBA2
18/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992 ENVIRONMENT ISSUSHPIRSPICTIVE
r&£>
f"-'^
by Ken Wu
It's high time we questioned
the notion that every individual is
personally responsible for the
ecological crisis.
We've all heard countless
politicians, the media, and mainstream environmentalists proclaim that each individual in society is at fault for the ecological
crisis and that the solutions lie in
reforming one's personal lifestyle.
Countless guide books have hit the
book stores giving personal tips on
how to supposedly save the planet
be recycling pop cans, growing organic vegetable gardens,
composting kitchen scraps, showering more efficiently, and generally limiting change to one's own
backyard.
Hordes of well-meaning but
naive "green" shoppers rush off to
the supermarkets to engage in
what they perceive as environmentally-friendly consumerism.
Incredibly, many prominent environmentalists lecture about the
fundamental problems of industrial society, but then give some
lame solutions like riding the bus
more often.
ENOUGH BULLSHIT!!!
First of all, our technological
industrial society is inherently
ecologically destructive for three
basic reasons:
1. It necessarily depends on continued economic growth and expansion for ifs survival. In a finite
world where all species must fit
within the carrying capacity of
their environment,
any continued eco-
n o m i c
growth is
equivalent
to ecological
cancer. Industrial society is thus based on relentless
wilderness exploitation.
2. It creates continued population
growth, which again, is disastrous
for the same reasons.
3. The technological nature of industrial society cannot help but
create -pollution due to the overuse
and extraction of nonrenewable
resources, which are the main
sources of pollution.
Humans are social animals and
consequently develop economic and
political systems to keep all members of society physically provided
for and mentally unified (hopefully).
The technological foundation
of society, along with these systems, provides all the connections
that enable individuals to survive,
such as connections for food (agriculturally-produced plants and
animals), shelter (permanent
houses made of plastics and metals), transportation (vehicles running on fossil fuels and paved asphalt roads), and so on.
Anyone who wants to survive is
dependant upon these systems and
the technological foundation ofthe
society in which he or she lives; no
person is an island unto him or
THE BIG LIE
herself. An ecologically destructive
society, such as our technological,
growth-centered society, provides
ecologically destructive connections that can only result in ecologically destructive lifestyles for
all of its citizens.
Thus private lifestyle reforms
for the sake of doing "your own
little part" are only band-aid measures used to slightly slow down
the destruction. Unless we replace
the ecologically-destructive foundations of our society (for example
creating a no-growth, technologically-simpler, bioregional society)
so that ecologically-balanced connections are integrated into our
lifestyles, then environmental
degradation will never be completely halted and reversed.
The root of the ecological crisis lies within the basic premises of
our society, private lifestyles reforms are nothing more than
charity for the environment, and
charity never produces change.
Government is the one directly
in control of society and solely determines the laws, systems, and
policies which affect the environment. Therefore the direct responsibility for the mess we're in lies in
the hands ofthe
government.
However, this is
a democracy and
the people control the government—theoretically.
Therefore, it can
be said that each
individual is responsible to change
society by lobbying, voting, protesting, and using other methods
intended to affect the government.
The government could very
well change society itself if it had a
real commitment to the environment, as this is the intended purpose of government. What the government is referring to when it
uses the word "we" is the private
lifestyle reformist notion—"it's
your own fault if you choose to live
that lifestyle" or "look at yourself
first before you criticize us" or
"leave the system and industry out
of this."
By promoting the private
lifestyle reformist notion the government and many unknowing
environmentalists are diverting
the heat away from the real targets where the needed fundamental changes must be made. Seen
from this perspective, the charge
that each individual is privately
responsible for the ecological crisis
has become the big lie.
The criticisms of environmental activists about their personal
lifestyles, such as wearing clothes
made of oil products like polyester,
writing on bleached paper, driving
cars, and flying in airplanes to give
speeches in other cities are for the
most part invalid since our
lifestyles are products ofthe society in which we live.
There is no inconsistency here.
An activist is attempting to change
society so that the changes will
filter down to all the lower levels,
including the lifestyle of every individual within society.
The fact that environmentalists are living these ecologically
destructive lifestyles (as is everyone else) is a case in the point that
no one can live a truly ecological
lifestyle in a destructive society.
However, this fact does not give
one a license to live in a thoughtlessly destructive manner where
such destruction is preventable
with a reasonable amount of effort; some private lifestyle reforms
are always necessary to slow down
the destruction while society is
changed.
The environmental movement
is doomed to failure as long as it
follows this misguided path of reform. Yes, keep on recycling your
paper and composting your banana
peels, but more importantly don't
let those directly in control of society off the hook by limiting change
to yourself. We need to fundamentally change government policies,
legislations, and the system that is
the root cause ofthe whole ecological crisi s. If s going to take a hell of
a lot more than shopping for environmentally-friendly peanut butter to save the world.
Eating your way through a green world
There is no doubt that what
you choose to eat affects your own
health. However, didyouknowthat
your decisions about breakfast,
lunch, and dinner also have an
impact on the environment, not to
mention the treatment of animals?
How often do you question
your choice to eat meat? If you are
like most people, you rarely do.
You can make a powerful and positive difference to the world, though,
if the next time you consider biting
down on that hamburgeror chicken
wing, you ponder the following:
•meat production requires far
more land, energy, and water than
plant-based foods
•it takes 16 pounds of grains and
soy to produce one pound of beef
•the grains and soy beans grown
to feed livestock would feed the
estimated 20 million people who
die of starvation every year
•it takes 1,000 times as much increasingly scarce water to produce
one pound of meat compared to one
pound of wheat
•20 vegetarians can be fed on the
amount of land needed to feed one
person consuming a meat-based
diet
•the area of tropical rainforest
consumed for one quarter of a
pound of hamburger is 55 square
feet
•the current rate of species extinction due to destruction of tropical
rainforests for grazing lands and
other uses is 1000 per year
•the major cause of global warming is carbon dioxide emitted from
the burning of fossil fuels
•it takes 50 times more fossil fuels
to produce a meat-centered diet
than a meat-free diet
•most cows, pigs and chickens are
raised in factory farms where they
are subjected to confinement,
crowding, and cruelty
•cows are generally dehorned and
castrated without anaesthetic and
chickens are painfully debeaked
•chemical toxins such as pesticides, antibiotics, and growth hormones are stored in the flesh of
animals
•meat is rich in cholesterol and fat
•meat-based diets increase your
risk of heart disease, diabetes,
strokes, hypertension and cancer
• eating meat is NOT necessary for
adequate nutrition
These facts should suggest
that the reduction of meat consumption can help end the harm to
yourself, the environment and to
animals. It is not hard to become a
vegetarian (and you do not have to
limit your meals to salad). Here
are a few suggestions to help you
get started:
•in soups, leave out the meat and
add high-protein items such as
garbanzo beans, split green and
yellow peas, and lentils
•tofu is a nice addition to spaghetti sauces, chili, and stir fry
instead of meat
•try making lasagna with spinach, zucchini, etc., instead of beef
•make sandwiches with sliced
avocado, tomatoes, sprouts, cucumber, etc., instead of sandwich
meat
Or if you do not feel like cooking, try these restaurants for fine
vegetarian dishes:
Greens and Gourmet:
2681W. Broadway
The Naam:
2724 W. 4th Ave.
Afghan Horsemen:
445 W. Broadway
Circling Dawn:
1045 Commercial Dr.
Woodlands:
2582 W.Broadway
Sweet Cherubim:
1105 Commercial Dr.
Nyala Restaurant:
2930 W. 4th Ave.
Capers:
2496 Marine Dr., West Van.
(If you are feeling exceptionally
daring, our own Subway Cafeteria
now offers a daily vegetarian special!)
Clip and Save Vegetarian Recipes
Vineeta's Vegetable Curry
1 tbsp. vegetable oil
2 tsp. curry powder
1 clove garlic
1/2 onion, sliced
1 large potato, cubed
1 eggplant, sliced thinly
1 zucchini, diced
1/2 lb. long beans or green beans
salt, to taste
1/2 cup water (add as needed while cooking to retain moisture)
You may use any vegetable you prefer such as carrots, green peppers, etc. or tofu cubes.
In a large pot, heat oil at medium to high heat. Mix in onions, garlic, and curry. Stir 2-4
minutes. Addbeans(if using green beans, cutin one-inch julienne style pieces andifusinglong
beans cut in one-inch strips.) Add potato, eggplant, and zucchini. Cook, stirring occasionally,
until potato is soft. Add salt to taste. Total cooking time is 10-15 minutes. Serve over rice or
roti.
1
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Lentil Patties
1 cup red lentils
1/4 cup wheat germ
1/4 cup rolled oats
1 cup whole wheat bread crumbs
1/2 cup chopped green onions
1 small carrot, grated
1 tbsp. Worcestershire sauce
1 vegetable cube (optional)
1 egg, beaten*
1 tbsp. vegetable oil
spices such as ground cummin, thyme, dill
weed, pepper
* egg substitute: 1 tbsp. arrow root or cornstarch mixed in 3 tbsp. warm water
Rinse lentils. Place in 8-cup bowl with 2-cups water
Cover loosely and microwave for 8-10 minutes, stirring twice. Drain off any remaining water.
Mix lentils, wheat germ, crumbs, and onion. In a small bowl, mix carrots, Worcestershire
sauce, vegetable cube, egg and oil. Stir into lentils. Mix well. Using a half-cup measure, scoop
the mixture onto microwave dish. Microwave on high for 2-3 minutes, turning once.
Conventional oven: combine 1 cup lentils and 2 cups water in pot. Bringto aboil. Reduce heat
and let simmer for 20 minutes or until lentils are soft. Combine with remaining ingredients.
Form into patties andf cook on a lightly greased frying pan. Brown well on either side.
Serve on whole wheat buns or on pita bread.
January 28,1992
THE UBYSSEY/19 *>'*%%&%*■
ENVIRONMENT ISSUE—FEATURE
Shutting down a farmer
"He said, Tm
going to kill you
Chinaman."'
Min-Ho Ahn has farmed in Richmond for 20
years.
by Jonathan Wong
Veteran inventor Ahn points to boxes and spare parts, surrounding his self-made washing machine, that he uses for his
inventions and farming needs. The province has classified it as "debris" and "discarded" material and is using it as a
principle argument for his eviction. m/vchia nien photos
MIN-HO AHN was left on the ground with a set of
footprints surrounding him in the dirt. Nobody
carried him away.
He was driving a tractor in a strawberry field when
about 20 middle-aged men from a neighbouring community
centre trespassed onto his farm and jumped him after
throwing dirt at him. They punched him in the chest,
choked him and kicked him in the face. All he could smell
was the booze from their breath. All he could hear was their
complaint of too much dust entering their soccer match.
"One of them said, *You Chinaman, Fm going to kill
you,"" said Ahn who is Korean-Canadian.
When police arrived, they could not press charges
though Ahn identified his main assailant. No witness
would step forward.
That was July 5.
Inventor's farm "unsightly"
After tending this 11.7-hectare farm since 1976, the
province has told the 20-year Richmond farmer and inventor
to pack his bags, and his house, and leave. His wife and
daughter also live on the farm.
The day before Christmas Eve, the Ministry of Environment Lands and Parks sent Ahn a letter stating: "You
should be prepared to remove your house, and any other
improvements or chattels owned by you, and leave the area
in a safe, clean, and sanitary condition, to the satisfaction
ofthe Ministry, within 60 days from the date of this notice
or...materials will be seized on behalf of the Crown without
further notice."
Pour days later, NASA lauded Ahn, who has 27
patented inventions, for his recent greenhouse invention, a
hydroponic rotator, funded by the National Research
Council of Canada.
"Your ideas on advanced technology crop production
are very interesting and may have potential for future
space travel or colonization of other worlds," wrote NASA
spokesperson David Winterhalter.
A Ministry of Environment Land and Parks spokesperson said the inventor breached his lease.
"He has an agricultural lease and he's not using it for
agriculture," said land administration manager Margo
Elewonibi.
When told of existing crops at Ahn's farm, Elewonibi
said, "Oh really, he may be rectifying some of the conditions."
The ministry last inspected Ahn'a farm in August.
Ahn attributed his dwindling summer crop to heavy
rain floods on his below sea-level farm. He illustrated to
The Ubyssey a flood's fluid flow on a map he drew in the
mud.
"Even rice, I don't think you could even grow there,"
Ahn said.
Elewonibi said her staff may review Ahn's farm again
but added the ministry must have "complete compliance" to
reconsider his lease.
"He's been asked by the municipality to clean up and
he has not," she said.
In August, the ministry ordered Ahn to rid "discarded" boxes and "debris" from his driveway, submit a
farm management plan "spanning from the Fall 1991 to
Fall 1996," pay overdue property tax, and repair the
greenhouse "all to the satisfaction of the Ministry." The
ministry gave him three weeks.
Ahn said the wooden crates—which he needs to carry
his vegetables—were moved to the side ofthe driveway, but
he failed to meet the impending deadline, so the ministry
cancelled his lease.
The ministry labelled his spare parts for farming
inventions and supplies as "debris," Ahn said.
"These parts, people think it's garbage or junk, but I
need it all for farming. You have to have cash to buy boxes
and an order may take three weeks to arrive. I can't afford
that. I can build one here right away for free."
Ahn earned $89,947 last year, but with $93,253 in
expenses, he netted a loss of $3,306.
"With these parts, I can build two machines in one. I
do twice as much in one day—I've only got 24 hours to
work," Ahn said.
Elewonibi said his failure to remove the boxes has
breached a municipal by-law which violates his provincial
lease on the Crown property.
Sometimes, they drive nails into my
tires or throw away my gasoline
caps.
"It's unsightly, there's a lot of complaints. Mr. Ahn
must comply with the by-law," she said.
Richmond's Unsightly Premises By-Law states: "Neither the owner or occupier of real property, a) shall allow
the real property to become unsightly; or, b) shall cause or
permit rubbish, or noxious, offensive or unwholesome matter
or substance to collect or to accumulate around the real
property."
Ahn said the driveway area, the highest level of his
property, is the only place for dry storage. Two large
vegetable washing machines he invented with discarded
wood and metal also stand there.
The 53-year-old farmer said he will fight the province
in court over his eviction.
"I've got no place to go now."
Earlier this month, Ahn drove to UBC's forestry and
agricultural departments to canvas students for support.
About 360 people have signed his petition.
Ahn has already had several bouts with government
agents.
His property lost its farm status in September when
BC Assessment Authority wrote that he failed to meet legal
standards for farming. Three months later, he regained
farm status when they wrote that their original assessment
"may not have been appropriate."
The reinstated status, however, would again be removed if Ahn failed to "submit proof of [his] agricultural
income for the years 1990 and 1991."
Ahn said the government's roller coaster ride has
given him a great deal of anxiety. "I don't know what they
want," he said.
In May, the ministry rezoned his property for residential usage which meant Ahn would have to rapidly
convert his farm to aresidence. In October, just before BC's
provincial elections, the ministry reversed their decision.
Ahn could resume farming—but then he later received an
eviction notice.
Ahn has also been beset by flooding.
In 1986, the Vancouver County Court summoned the
Municipality of Richmond to court for flooding problems
Ahn said were caused by negligent control of municipal
floodgates. However, the farmer lacked the funds to complete his suit.
"Yesterday, I called the Work Yard. I have their
number memorized, and I told them about the flooding. The
guy just said, computer says pump working. That's it."
"I'm Canadian. I'd like to do a lot for this country, but
it doesn't work. Nobody listens."
Rattling several sets of keys, Ahn explained he has
also been beleaguered by property damage.
"I have to lock everything up. People used to come
here and steal a lot, things like gas. Sometimes, they drive
nails into my tires or throw away my gasoline caps. It seems
like nobody cares for the farmer."
His pick-up truck windshields and other windows
have been broken by errant golf balls from his neighbour,
the Mylora Golf Club, built after Ahn leased his property.
The farmer now fortifies his windows with wooden boards.
"This is a very dangerous place. Since 1976,1 must
have collected 5,000 golf balls—tell me what kind of chance
I have to die?" he said jokingly.
As Ahn trekked through his partially flooded pickle
fields in his boots, he collected four more during his interview with The Ubyssey.
20/THE UBYSSEY
January 28,1992

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