UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 4, 1988

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f^l*&- s *"*»^
By Laura Busheikin
someone sold us out—but
'only when we ceased to
pay attention."
These lines close Timothy
Findley's most recent novel, The
Telling of Lies, a thriller involving
a murder, the CIA, unethical drug
testing, American politicians
(they're bad guys) and an iceberg.
The novel was published in
1986 and now, two years later,
Findley says his words have never
been more relevant. As he sees it,
they describe the threat Canada
faces if the free trade deal goes
Whether or not you agree with
his assessment of free trade, you
have to give Findley credit for anticipating the question that has
been on so many people's lips
During a lengthy phone interview, Findley proved to be as eloquent in speech as he is on paper.
Whereas many writers keep their
private thoughts bottled up except
in their work, Findley lets his pour
out generously. The resulting potation ranges in flavor from the
maturity of a quality wine to the
scathing vitriol of battery acid.
The anger flowed when Findley began to talk politics. Aside
from his harsh words on free trade,
he was critical of our political leaders. Mr. Reagan, Mr. Vander
Zalm, Mr. Mulroney and Mrs.
Thatcher "are there to protect that
which destroys the world," he
Findley has no compunctions
about straying so far from overtly
literary topics. As a matter of fact,
for him these are literary topics; he
envisions the writer as someone
who sounds the alarm, who diagnoses the ills of the world.
"I think it's the role of the
writer to be a critic. Not to be
preachy—but to ask the questions
which aren't being asked. To shout
fire when there is a fire that everyone is ignoring. It's increasingly
becoming the writer's job because
no one else is doing it these days,"
he says.
Findley was recently in town
for the Vancouver Writers' Festival, and has just published a new
book of short stories, Stones. He
has had one book of short stories
published previously, Dinner
Along the Amazon, but is mainly
known for his novels.
Why short stories?
"I think the short story is a
form that most prose writers like
to try once in a while even if it isn't
their leading form. I wanted to
form some things through the
medium ofthe short story, They all
take place in Toronto. They all
have to do with parents and children, brothers and sisters, hus-
Timothy Findley fights Free Trade
bands and wives—the closest
sorts of relationships you can
have. They explore these people in
a series of crises," he explains.
Findley typically puts his
characters in a crisis situation.
The main character in A Telling of
Lies is plunged into the centre of a
complicated murder; Robert Ross
in The Wars deals with the pressures of war; the characters in Not
Wanted on the Voyage are facing
the end ofthe world as they know
it, not to mention the death of God.
How deliberate is the propensity
to examine characters in crisis?
"Americans have truly
forgotten what their
country is about. This
idiot Bush with all this
flag waving nonsense,
which is nothing to do
with what America is all
about. They're saluting
what is on the surface
without seeing what's
rotten beneath the
"Someone back in the 1800s
said that all good stories tell either
about someone ordinary in extraordinary circumstances, or else
someone extraordinary in ordinary circumstances. What I extract from that is it's the best way
to explore people, in a crisis. You
call up all the salient features of
that character's life. It's not a
conscious thing. I don't plot ahead
of time to plan a crisis for them. I
don't really like to know going into
a story or novel how it's going to
end, but most of the characters
who appear to me have a story to
tell, which is with them when they
appear to me. I may get an inkling
part way through and head towards it. If I do know what will
happen, everything becomes
bound towards that ending, which
isn't creative. You shut yourself off
from learning about the characters that way," Findley says.
This open approach to writing
is not to be confused with uncontrolled writing.
"There's a lot of control going
on," Findley maintains. "Control
is in the craft. To discover how to
present the story that has appeared to you. To not let the characters or the action drift off in
directions which are merely self-
"But too much control means
cold, calculated writing, a kind of
empty writing... writing is about
Before becoming a writer,
Findley spent over 15 years as an
actor. Through acting, he learned
how to write, he says.
"Writing seems to have
emerged naturally out of being tm
actor. My acting was a©;
ticeship to writing. As an actor,
you're dealing with others' writing, others' language. You come
into contact with the greats and
you find out what makes people
laugh and weep.
"One ofthe things I learned as
an actor is to be willing to explore
any aspect of a character and that
includes things you know nothing
about. You have to learn to put
yourself in somebody else's shoes
and lend what you know to their
experience," he explains.
With his background in theatre, it's not surprising that Findley is very interested in playwrighting. He's had two plays
produced, and is currently working on two more. But it takes him
a long time to complete a play.
"I'm leery of that medium,"
he explains. "The two plays on my
plate I'm not going to force."
It is Findley, during the interview, who first brings up the free
trade issue. I'd had it on my list of
questions, but way down at the
bottom. I'd figured I'd work into it.
But when I ask him a vague question on what it means to be a
Canadian writer, he says, "I'm 100
per cent Canadian. I believe fervently in our country. It's one of
the last places where we can, if we
don't screw it up, use the best civilization has to offer. That's why
I'm so concerned about the free
trade deal.
"The thing that hasn't been
made clear is when they talk about
culture, no one has defined it as I
see it—how you define what being
alive is about," Findley explains.
He fears that Canadian culture, as
he defines the word, will dwindle
away under free trade because of
economic pressure.
"Well be asked to accept less.
The conditions under which
American workers work will become the conditions under which
our workers work. My experience
of America is very much the experience that basically it is not a
nation of people who care. And we
are a nation of people who care. My
experience of America so far has
been devastating in what poverty
does to the people who get left
behind. It's far worse than what
gets done in Canada.
"In Canada, we live in a society that cares to make sure that
the rest of society is not living in a
hovel or starving to death. In
America these things are rampant. If you go to New York City
you see people living in the shells
of buildings. You see people living
in corrugated huts in between
rows of big hotels. Every morning
buses come and pick up these
people, who are all black or Hispanic, and take them to work in
the hotels. In the evening the
buses drop them off again.
"Americans have truly forgotten what their country is about.
This idiot Bush with all this flag
waving nonsense, which is nothing to do with what America is all
about. They're saluting what is on
the surface without seeing what's
rotten beneath the surface," Findley says.
This rotten American culture
will follow American businesses
into Canada.
"Take something like
McDonalds. It's cheap plastic food
sold universally. Now there's a
whole generation brought up—
propagandized—to believe cheap
plastic food is what they want."
Politicians have beguiled us
by "promising great gifts, and they
work on false fears, like the fear of
communism," Findley says. In the
meantime, it is the accepted
American way to "skim off the
profit for those who are at the top
and leave the rest for those who
think they are enjoying lives of
mass TV, mass advertising, mass
The false promises and the
false pleasures of consumerism
have diverted our attention while
in the meantime a big sell-out has
been going on, Findley says.
"We have looked away. We've
been more concerned about our
personal comfort. We've allowed
ourselves to look away and say, I
want that car, I want that dishwasher. Every newspaper has a
business section larger than any
other. But money is not what life is
about. They tell you need it to buy
what you need. But what we need
more than anything is a serviceable, creative way of coping with
the fact that we're living in a very
cold place," he says.
And is that where his writing
may help? Does he, corny as it
sounds, hope to make the world a
better place?
"It's to share a vision of the
world that I write. No one piece of
writing, no one person can change
much," he says, "Although Auden
changed me...
"I don't think about that but I
think about wanting my writing to
be heard and read."
VOLUME 71, Number 17
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, November 4,1988 Classifieds
Rates: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00,
additional lines 60 cents, commercial -3 lines,
75 cents. (10% Discount on 25 Issues or
more) Classified ads payable In advance.
Deadline 4:00 p.m.. two days before publlcal-
ton. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T
Student Work Abroad
Wednesday Nov. 9th
12:30 to 1:30
SUB Auditorium
Presented by Travel CUTS
GREAT BUSINESS for sale F/T or P/T will
provide equipment, contacts, and training.
Call 228-8835.
MUST SELL - camperized '75 Dodge van,
excellent condition, rebuilt trans., new
brakes. 224-6898.
1975 CHEV MALIBU for sale - mint condition, perfect transport for student. Asking
$1950 or offer. Stu 274-6964.
OTTAWA - return airfare - leave Van. Dec.
19, return Jan. 3. Value $500 ea. Sell $395
ea. Have 2 tickets, male, 276-0125.
•THE CLASSIC" 64 V-6 Valiant, ex. shape,
reliable, wnt. trans. View, tst. dr. at 5630
Kullahun, Fri. Nov. 4 (Vel & Marine). For
appt. call Greg 275-3433. $800 OBO.
1967 PLYMOUTH Valiant: rough body, exc.
interior & engine, reliable student car,
73000 M. $400 OBO. 988-0675.
1977 HONDA CIVIC - new brakes etc. Radial tires, reliable transport. $1150 o.b.o.
Phone 733-8611.
LSAT PREPARATION course for the Dec.
3rd LSAT - November 14, 15, 16, 17 (evenings). Forinforma tion call 1-800-387-1262.
30 - JOBS
NEEDED: P/T - Temp. Nannies. Ifyou have
child care exp., a driver's license, N/S, have
child care references, and want to earn $6/
hr. or $100+/wknd., call QUALITY CARE
OVER 30,000 great seasonal jobs. The
"Seasonal Employment Directory" provides
comprehensive job listings for city, provincial, and national parks, resorts, tree-
planting (B.C. and Ont), lumber camps,
mining, winter resorts, Christmas employment, and much more. Including who, what,
where, when, and how to apply to obtain a
copy. Send $12.95 to Sterling Press, Dept.
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V5Z 4C9. Please allow 4 weeks for delivery.
LOST: Prescription eyeglasses, red semi-
rimless frames, pastel case. If found, please
call Heather, 926-5738.
HEY, YOU! Yes, you, the one with the time
on your hands. I've got a place for you to put
it. No, not there! Here: Become an interviewer at Volunteer Connections, Brock
Hall 200 or call 228-3811.
MESSAGE OF ISLAM 1: There is God, the
one and only. Eternal, free of all needs; on
whom depend. He has no son nor father nor
Highest quality digital sound
•For any occasion*
5 hours in SUB! Only $189
Barrister & Solicitor
#203 - 4545 W. 10th Ave., 228-1433.
ENGLISH TUTORING available, preparation for all levels of ability. Conversation,
translation and excellent composition skills.
Phone 738-2732.
wordproc. &IBM typewriter. Studentrates.
Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
YOUR WORDS professionally typed, fast &
reliable. Judith Filtness, 3206 W. 38th Ave.,
Typing, Editing, NO NOTICE REQUIRED,
resumes. (Same day service). Tapes transcribed. 224-2310 (Days), 327-0425 (eves.).
WORD PROCESSING, $2.00/dbl. sp. page,
MLA, APA, CMS, editing. Comput-
erSmiths, 3724 West Broadway at Alma,
dale, 263-4862. Fast professional service.
ACCURATE REPORTS word processing,
Word Perfect, laser printer, dictation, student rates avail. #16-1490 W. Broadway at
Granville 732-4426.
TYPING QUICK - right by UBC. All types,
$1.25 page, dbl. space. Call Rob 228-8989
STUDENTS CLUBS or teams wishing to
earn money, great potential on and off campus, contact Del or Ernie 590-4664 or 590-
WISH TO BUY used French books, i.e.
nouvelles lectures libre/valette. Reading
Fr./Stack Panache Litteraire/Gauvin,
Baker. Lv. message 271-8843.
•for all your typing needs
•fast, reliable service
•spelling assistance
•student rates
Call Lise at 263-7509
in Kerrisdale near UBC
WORD PROCESS. Using WordPerfect,
quality printer, fast service, spec, in German
and med. terminology. Ruth 275-0446.
WHY PAY MORE? Top quality word processing for students at guaranteed lowest
prices. Call 732-8074.	
WORD WEAVERS - still on 41st bus line.
New location #101 - 2258 W. 41st Ave. at
Yew St. Excellent student rates for quality,
custom word processing, aussi en francais.
Tel. 266-6814.
A & Y Manuscript Masters
Specialists in scientific text., graphs, grammar correction and style polishing. 253-
0899. Free pickup and delivery on campus.
essays, theses. Discounts for students, 10th
and Discovery. Phone 222-2122.
PAPER PERFECT word processing. Essays,
theses, resumes, done quickly and accurately on laser printer. Competitive rates.
WORDPLUS. Wordprocessing - Multimate
HP Laserjet. Dunbar area. 228-1517.
word processing
Economical Laser Quality
Disabled students can receive the support of a student assistant through the
"Students Helping Students" program
servicing academic through to domestic
needs, plus much more!
Contact for initial referral:
Jan del Valle
Co-ordinator of Services
for Disabled Students
Student Counselling & Resources Ctr.
Room 200, Brock Hall
Phone: 228-4858
Note: *Noor/= 12:30 p.r».
UBC Ski Club
Bzzr Garden. 2:30-8:30, SUB 212.
Hispanic and Italian Studies
Italian film (English soundtrack) -
"Sicflia", 3:30 p.m., Buch A203.
Lutheran Student Movement
Coffee house. 4:30 p.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre,
Chinese Collegiate Society
Asian Pood Nite ("A Taste of the
Orient*) - more than just a Bzzr
Garden? 7*11  p.m., SUB Party
Graduate Student Society
Party with The Soul Apostles.
$1.00 Admission. Doors open at 8
p.m. Ballroom, Graduate Student
AMS Auto Club
TSme-Speed-EHstance Car Rally,
Registration: 2 p.m,, rally begins
at 3 p.m.
Orthodox Christian Mission
Vespers.   6   p.m.,   St.   Peter's
Church* 4580 Waldon (Main &
30th)< Tel. 275-2985,
Orthodox Christian Mission
Divine Liturgy. 9 a.m., St. Peter's
Church, 4580 Waldon
(Main & 30th), 275-2985,
Lutheran Student Movement
Communion Service. 10 a.rri.,
Lutheran Campus Centre,
Amnesty International
Discussion of the refugee policy
in Canada by Prof. John Woods.
Noon, SUB Plaza North.
AMS Cycling Club
Bicycle Maintenance Clinic 11*4
p.m., SUB 205-
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel House
Hot lunch with Amos Gilboa from
the Tel Aviv University. Noon,
Hillel House (across from SUB:
behind Brock Hall}*
Philosophy Students Union
Philosophie Conversations
7*50pm. Grad Centre Penthouse
if you're swamped with work...
and you're all uptight,
this is the place to go tonight!
Jebb Fink &
Frankie Cramer
1040 KICKS
door proceeds to
Ronald McDonald House
Wed. & Thurs.
Fri. & Sat.
9:00pm &
Expo Site
(next to 86 Street)
valid Thursday only
Restaurant    F71
Luncheon Smorgasbord   itli--t
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-9:00 pm
Closed Saturdays
Sundays and Holidays	
4:00 pm • 9 pm
I 2142 Western Parkway UBC Village
Opposite Chevron Station
The tongue is
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initio. ♦♦♦
Don Quixote
come lick with us
The Ubyssey needs writers
Drop by SUB 241K
November 4,1988 NEWS
RCMP search
for missing
UBC student
By Catherine Lu
An intense ground search
continues for Emerson Grant
Dobroskay, a UBC science student, who disappeared early last
Friday morning.
"We're totally baffled as to
what happened to him," said Constable Hough from the RCMP
University detachment.
Dobroskay, 20, left the Pit
Pub at closing time after spending
four hours drinking with friends.
Apparently, "he just got up and
walked away," said RCMP Corporal Ickringill.
Mark Aston, who was with
Dobroskay at the Pit on that
Thursday night, noticed Friday
morning that Dobroskay had not
returned to his Totem Park residence. Aston then called Lisa
Fletcher, assistant advisor for the
residence, who reported Dobroskay missing.
"There's no bad blood, no suicide situation, no fights with girlfriends, and no money problems
that we're aware of," said Ickringill.
Constable Hough said they
have no leads as to Dobroskay's
whereabouts, and therefore are
pursuing all possible avenues,
which include the possibility that
Dobroskay may have fallen down
the steep area around Totem Park
A helicopter surveyed the
land between Gates 3 and 7 on
Thursday with negative results.
Meanwhile a dogmaster and
members were combing the area
on foot. Hough said a search and
rescue team was expected to continue the ground search Friday.
Dobroskay's parents have
flown in from Saskatoon, and
helped search the area yesterday.
Emerson Dobroskay is described as a Caucasian male, 170
cm tall, weighing 64 kg, with dirty
blonde straight hair, a moustache,
and blue eyes. He has glasses and
was last seen wearing a brown
pullover sweater, a blue shirt, and
dark pants and shoes.
residents get
paper bonus
By Corinne Bjorge
Instead of reading east end
community news, residents of
the Kingsway/Boundary area
opened their Wednesday newspaper to find a conservative
Christian, anti-gay, anti-abortion newsletter.
The monthly Life Gazette
paper paid Mann Advertising
Distributing Ltd. to insert at
least 1500 copies ofthe newsletter into the regular delivery run
of The Highland Echo.
Highland Echo editor
Randy Shore said he was unhappy with the actions of the
distributing company which
also holds a contract with the
community newspaper.
"We had no prior knowledge
that the Life Gazette was being
distributed with the Echo," said
Shore. "We object to its content
and we did everything possible
to stop its delivery."
Shore said the Echo had re
ceived complaints on the contents ofthe Life Gazette.
A story written about the
area's MP Svend Robinson on
the front page of the Life Gazette says Robinson "has been
working hard to bring change to
the traditional morality that
most Canadian families practice and believe in."
Another story on the front
page calls the 1990 Vancouver
Gay Games a "sodomite invasion" and says "responsible
observers are advocating quarantine and restriction of movement for those choosing to practise such perversions."
Shore said the newspaper
was unsure if it would press
charges against the Gazette or
the distribution company.
"No legal action is planned
at this time," he said.
Mann Advertising Distributing was unavailable for comment.
RCMP are searching for UBC student Emerson Dobroskay who has been missing since Friday.
Independent civic candidate
fights for students
By Robin Muehlebach
UBC students face a shortage
of affordable housing and according to civic candidate John Crosse,
the situation is anything but
helped by Vancouver mayor Gordon Campbell, who he likes to call
Crosse says if Campbell gets
re-elected, thousands of students
will end up on the street. He says
Campbell's policy of persecuting
against illegal suites is one of the
reasons apartment prices are so
high in Vancouver.
"If Bubbles has his way, we're
going to have an even more bureaucratic society where neighbour spies on neighbour and
where   neighbour   squeals   on
neighbor," says Crosse.
A former UBC instructor in
the early sixties, and now amarine
historian, Crosse says students
should consider voting for him
since his opposition to the city's
housing policy means lower prices
for off-campus accommodation.
Single-family zoning has been
a long-standing policy, but since
Campbell has been in office as
mayor, this policy has been more
stringently enforced.
Crosse says the whole scheme
results not only in higher housing
prices, but also in a major increase
in bureaucratic apparatus designed to maintain the absurdly
high standards set by the municipal government.
Crosse sees the zoning officials as "fat-cats
that want to get even
fatter." And he thinks
housing standards are
set to create a need for
even more bureaucrats
and to increase the
power base of the municipal government.
In the last civic election, Crosse helped mayoral candidate Harry
Rankin (COPE). This
time he takes it into his
own hands "to fight for
the interests of students
and other people who
cannot afford overpriced
The  slogan  of his
campaign is "Legalize our Illegal
"The people who think that
housing standards in Vancouver
are too low are hypocritical in the
sense that even the shabbiest
apartments here are luxurious
compared to conditions in third
world countries," he says.
Although COPE's stand on
illegal suites is similar to Crosse's,
they still see the need for a review
board and the maintenance of
"some" standards, preferably set
by neighborhood committees.
Crosse, however, wants a laissez-
faire market for housing around
UBC and believes that this will
provide students with cheaper
Civic election candidate John Crosse.
November 4,1988
I       G       U       R
A v B
C v D
F v G        VH
You were always told not to talk
with your mouth full. But what the hee, rules are
made to be broken.Translate this sentence from sign
language into English.
November 4,1988 FEATURE
Election Battle:
The politics of peace and disarmament
By James Young
Following his election victory
in September 1984, prime minister Brian Mulroney smiled his
trademark smile and spoke in the
smooth, carefully modulated tones
that would become even more
familiar over the next four years.
With Mila at his side, the prime
minister modestly congratulated
Canadians on their choice, and
launched into a theme he had used
frequently during the campaign.
"There is no cause more urgent and more necessary for your
government than the reduction of
the threat of war and to further the
cause of peace," intoned Mulroney,
acknowledging the tremendous
responsibility the nuclear age had
thrust upon its leaders.
The prime minister went on to
remind his audience that peacemaking was a Canadian tradition.
Brian Mulroney doesn't talk
so much about peace these days.
Well into the 1988 election campaign, neither Mulroney nor his
defence minister Perrin Beatty
will agree to a televised debate on
the country's defence policies.
HONEYMOON: The relationship between the Canadian
peace movement and the Mulroney government didn't start off
so badly. Soon after the 1984 election, Mulroney appointed Conservative MP Doug Roche as
Canada's Ambassador for Disarmament, a position which the last
Liberal government had left vacant.
In an even more surprising
move, the government appointed
former Ontario NDP leader
Stephen Lewis as Ambassador to
the U.N., where he would lead a
passionate defence of the institution itself and international approaches to peacemaking.
November 1984, the honeymoon
turned sour. That month, 111
members ofthe United Nations—
including Australia, Denmark
and Greece—voted in favour of a
global, verifiable freeze on nuclear
weapons testing and development. Canada, however, was one
of 12 western nations opposing the
The decision hit the peace
movement like a slap in the face—
prior to the election, a poll showed |
94 per cent of Progressive Conservative candidates supporting a
nuclear freeze.
The government now argued
that the United Nations resolution was not practical, as rules for
verifying the agreement had not
been adequately negotiated.
Beyond this, the Conservatives voiced fears of offending the
Reagan administration.
"Adding Canada's voice to
this motion would have had the
effect of creating tensions with the
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Alliance," external affairs
minister Joe Clark told the House
of Commons.
peace movement was also disappointed on other international
arms control measures. For example, the government had argued that its support for a comprehensive ban on nuclear testing
demonstrated its strong commitment to peace.
But during the current term,
the Conservatives abstained on
three different resolutions aimed
at promoting quick progress on a
nuclear test ban.
Instead, Canada supported a
resolution calling for "practical
work" towards a test ban—critics
see this motion as a bureaucratic
excuse to stall.
In Canada's other major political forum, the government
supported NATO's "First-Use"
policy, which allows Canada's allies to start using nuclear weapons
against a conventional attack in
Europe. Activists argued that
Canada should work instead for a
policy of "No-First-Use" of nuclear
weapons, which the Soviet Union
adopted in 1982.
WAR PLANS: Aside from
Canada's record on promoting
international agreements, the
peace movement's trust in the
government was further undermined in early 1985, after a series
of startling revelations about U.S.
military policy.
In January, William Arkin,
an American military analyst
announced that the U.S. had contingency plans to move nuclear
depth charges into Canada in the
event of a war scare—contrary to
Canada's declared non-nuclear
Then, in March, Arkin revealed that American military
manuals directed nuclear-armed
B-52 bombers to disperse to Canadian airfields during a crisis.
"It's another aspect ofthe way
Canada is a nuclear colony of the
United States," said Arkin.
The third revelation came
from a totally unexpected source.
During a CTV interview, U.S.
Defence Secretary Caspar Weinberger, a passionate advocate for
Star Wars, said that American
missile   launchers   "could"   be
placed on Canadian soil.
This remark sent Mulroney—
who had been assuring the public
that he would not allow nuclear
weapons on Canadian territory—
scrambling for a transcript of the
interview. Later, both U.S. and
Canadian officals emphasized
that any such missiles would be
defensive, non-nuclear, and would
notinterfere with Canadian sovereignty .
Taken together, all three incidents implied that Canada needed
to take a harder look at all its
defence agreements with the U.S.,
to recognize that the interests of a
superpower and a pawn on the
nuclear chessboard were not necessarily identical.
During this time, however,
Mulroney and U.S. president Reagan were busy signing a $1.2 billion deal on a jointly operated
radar system for the far north, a
system which opposition MPs
were warning could be integrated
into Star Wars strategies.
NUCLEAR SUBS: The government came out with its own
analysis of international security
in its White Paper on Defence in
June 1987, presenting a hawkish,
cold war view that the route to
Canadian security lay mainly in
spending more money on military
The key hardware purchase
wouldbe a fleet of 10 to 12 nuclear-
powered, hunter-killer attack
submarines, costing anywhere
from 8 to 16 billion dollars. The
government said the fleet would
secure Canada's three oceans,
including patrols under the
treacherous Arctic ice.
The peace movement was
alarmed at the subs' actual mission, believing they would be
caught up in provocative Ameri
can strategies, such as attacking
Soviet submarines near their
home ports during an international crisis.
Environmentalists worried
about the possibility of nuclear
accident, while arms control experts became concerned the subs
could damage the nuclear Non-
Proliferation Treaty.
The White Paper also committed more of the country's tax dollars to the military—about $200
billion over over 15 years or a real
increase of about 2 per cent per
the White Paper was a purely
Conservative invention, the peace
movement also.protested cruise
missile testing, a legacy from the
Trudeau era.
The original rationale given
for cruise testing, which the Conservatives had supported, was the
Soviet deployment of medium rage
missiles in Europe. But that reason disappeared in September
1987, when the U.S. and the Soviet
Union agreed to destroy such missiles.
With the superpower agreement, Liberal leader John Turner
announced he would now oppose
the cruise, but the Conservatives
didn't budge, now citing NATO
solidarity and Soviet cruise missiles as their reasons for testing.
The weapon itself was changing, too. Defence minister Perrin
Beatty was fond of telling Canadians that the slow flying cruise
could only be used in a retaliatory
But in early 1988, John Barrett, deputy director of the Canadian Centre for Arms Control and
Disarmament, told, the government that technological advances
in the cruise—in speed, accuracy,
range, and the ability to evade
Soviet radar—would bring the
cruise into the more destabilizing
category of a first-strike weapon.
issue was whether Consersative
leadership would militarize the
economy, leaving more Canadian
jobs dependent on military production.
At a time when universities
were becoming more strapped for
other federal research funds, the
department of national
defence announced that it would
increase military research on
campus by 40 per cent in real
terms, from $7.4 million in 1985 to
$12 million in 1991.
Another federal program, the
Defence Industry Productivity
Program, increased subsidies to
military producers, reaching $190
million in 1986-87.
But the two most serious economic effects will come in the future from the free trade deal, researchers say.
On the one hand, as the Financial Post remarked, military
industry is "one of the more glaring gaps" of the trade deal, since
the agreement "failed to expand or
secure Canada's decades old special access" to the U.S. military
Thus, Canada may have to
come forward with more political
favours—such as additional weapons tests—if it wishes to maintain
its unrestricted access to the U.S.
military market.
One the other hand, the free
trade deal could make Canada's
industrial strategy more dependent on military production.
In general, the deal views
subsidies as unfair competition,
but support to military industry
will be an exception, critics say.
The deal could create the bizarre
scenario where Canada would be
allowed to subsidize Litton Industries to make missile guidance
systems, but be prohibited from
helping created furniture factories or steel mills for the civilian
Since Brian Mulroney doesn't
want to debate defence policies,
peace groups are now pursuing
their own 1988 election strategies.
Of course, free trade with its
questions of economic and cultural
survival has dominated the election debate, but the peace movement is arguing Canada's defence
and foreign policies could affect,
survival itself.
Taking the Protestant Reformer Martin Luther as a role
model, the Ottawa-based group
Operation Dismantle is urging
supporters to go to local Conservative party headquarters and symbolically nail a list of "Ten potentially deadly sins" to the door.
Another organization, the
400-member Canadian Peace Alliance, has developed a less didactic
campaign, by identifying seven
issues it believes would promote:
world peace, and polling the three
federal parties on them.
Without endorsing any one
party, the campaign shows the
Liberals support four of these policies. The NDP gives qualified
support to one proposal (declaring
Canada a Nuclear Weapons Free
Zone) and full support to the other
six. The Conservatives, as their
record would suggest, give qualified support to only one of the
> proposals, namely the Comprehensive Test Ban.
November 4,1988
The Psychology Students Association
is having a "Beach Party" Dance on
November 10, 1988, 8;30 p.m. to 12:00 in SUB ballroom.
Happy hour is between 8:30-8:30.
20% off all Tall Sweaters
Join us for
In-Store Fashion Show
with latest designs by
Alfred Sung
Adrienne Vittadini
Jones N.Y.
and meet
Local Jewellery Designers
vkEnda B Fashion^
4325 W. 10th Ave.
Sunday, Nov. 6
From 1:30pm to 2:30pm
Parking at rear
\\i\'-    ■*•>'•   -1*      V^"*   ■. "A.   V.    -."--A *.\\\
Student strike turns violent
MONTREAL (CUP)—The day after Quebec's student coalition
called for an indefinite boycott of
classes, 30 anti-strike students
crashed through picket lines at
l'Universite du Quebec a Montreal.
And for the second day in a
row, Montreal police in full riot
gear arrived to clear pickets from
UQAM administration was
granted a Quebec superior court
injunction making it illegal for
students to block entrances or to
"intimidate, threaten or harass"
anyone wishing to enter the
university's nine buildings.
The UQAM arts and social
science students walked out
November 2 as the Association
nationale des etudiantes et etudiants du Quebec (ANEEQ) was
given a mandate by 20 member
colleges and universities to extend a three-day strike
indefinitely. Over 100,000 students  at  32  colleges  went  on
strike October 26 to 29 to press
demands for reforms to the
province's loans and bursaries
On November 3, police in
body armour and riot helmets
and carrying metre-long clubs
helped UQAM business administration students, who voted
against the strike, to enter the
university by clearing picketers.
Demonstrators—chanting "Nonviolence"—moved away from
building entrances and police
made no arrests.
Picketers said they were
punched in the stomach, had
their ribs bruised and were hit in
the genitals and in the face.
Constable Jacques Morris-
seau said the police were engaged
in "normal work."
"The university called us in
for our assistance to keep the university open," said police chief
Yvon Michaud. Michaud said students who did not comply with
the injunction would be removed.
Engineering rag scorned
TORONTO (CUP)—The University of Toronto's Engineering Society will hold a referendum before publishing any more editions of its newspaper after the
university's president expressed
his "disappointment and disgust" with the last issue.
"It is inconceivable that individuals preparing themselves for
responsible positions in society
should seek entertainment in
material that derides, debases,
and dehumanizes other people,"
U of T president George Connell
wrote about the October 10 issue
of the Toike Oike.
In response to Connell's letter, editor Stephen Dobson and
Engineering Society president
Keren Morehead said they will
hold a referendum to see if students want the Toike to continue
But Joanne Uyede, chair of
the university affairs board, said
a referendum restricted to one
faculty is meaningless. Connell
asked the board, the university's
highest body, to look at the Toike.
"This is the only faculty that
has a history of producing something repugnant to the rest ofthe
campus. What would be meaningful would be a referendum of
the whole campus,"said Uyede.
The Engineering Society and
Dobson defended their
"We like it," said Morehead.
"We don't find it offensive. Just
because people have a rude sense
of humour it doesn't mean you
have rude people."
In a response to Connell,
Morehead and Dobson said "the
Toike is intended to be humorous,
however humour is a personal
thing for which there exists no
standard, thus what some find
humourous, others may find offensive."
Said Uyede: "It's a matter of
some concern to me that the University is collecting fees which
support the Engineering Society
and could be seen as condoning
Bill 41 hits the
mat again
Health Care Minister Peter
Dueck tried one more time yesterday to appeal the B.C. Supreme Court ruling, defining Bill
41 as unconstitutional. Bill 41
was legislation designed to limit
health care costs by limiting billing numbers. The hearing lasted
fifteen minutes, and the appeal
was defeated unanimously.
Elections everywhere
The voters listfor the federal
election closes today. Those
people who are not registered by
ten o'clock, will not be able to vote
in th« federal election. Elections
Canada will provide unregistered voters with the times and
places for last minute additions
to the list.
Same day voting is possible
in the civic election, November
19. There will be a plebiscite
question regarding secondary
suites. People in favour of suite
revision should vote yes, those
who wish secondary suites to
remain illegal and the bylaws
enforced under RS-1 zoning to
force eviction should vote no.
Ubyssey wraps
the Frats
The Alpha Delts will be sponsoring an egg-drop contest which
will ask teams to wrap a raw egg
in a copy ofthe Ubyssey, and drop
it off a suitably high building. The
team whose egg does not break in
the  most  stylish  of packages,
Sailing club furls
sails 'til January
After a hearing date in October,
the UBC sailing club's day in
court against the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club has been set for
early January. The Sailing Club
is sueing the RVYC for approximately two thousand dollars in
damages to club property following a regatta sponsored by the
RVYC in which they rented UBC
sailing equipment, and boats.
November 4,1988 \-. •.' ■■
Futurist sees
changing times
By Harinder Parmar
Hazel Henderson is an economist who prefers to be called a
futurist—her credo being "act locally, think globally," she says
macro-economic methods are outdated.
Speaking to an audience of
about 60 in the UBC Law Building
last Saturday she explained the
need to re-write a new kind of
Bretton-Woods system—an economic agreement dealing with
currency exchange rates—with all
nations in the world participating.
"We need an economic set of
rules based on the values of society," said Henderson. The world
needs a fundamental change in
attitude and we have to use a win-
win theory and get out of our win-
lose system, she added.
Henderson raises questions
over how we use resources, manage our economies, and what kind
of values and choices we make for
our civilization. Is bigger really
better and can we keep on growing
the way that we are presently? she
Henderson feels that everybody gains if we work together and
create universal standards on
trade, minimum wage and work
conditions, and the enviroment
instead of always being competitive.
She cited Gorbachev making
the first move towards the INF
Treaty, the Group of Seven working to make the world economi
cally stable, and their forgiving of
third world debts as examples of
how cooperation and working together can benefit everyone.
And Henderson, an American,
said she felt Canada was selling off
its social policies in the Free Trade
Agreement. If she were Canadian,
she would oppose the FTA, she
said. Canada should be going to
the global level with the U.N. and
GATT said Henderson because "if
we all try to solve (the trade problem) alone, we all lose—-if everyone does it together we all win."
Henderson, who lives in
Washington, D.C. but travels the
world, started as an enviromental-
ist in the 60's and 70's but got tired
of economists always saying her
ideas were "inefficient " or "too
expensive," so she taught herself
economics. She tries to find global
solutions to world's problems.
Response to Henderson's lecture was positive.
Ted Archibald, who heard of
Henderson's lecture through a
community paper, said, "I would
have brought 10 more people with
Marg Huber called it, "A refreshing, open-minded, positive
approach to a distressing and disturbing issue."
Henderson's trip, her first to
UBC, was sponsored by 23 community organizations and she was
brought to Vancouver by
Hilda Bechler who heads an ecology business and is running for
New Westminister city council.
Council keeps
Ladies Night
Student council members
who pushed to have the Pit Ladies
Night cancelled were overwhelmingly outvoted at Wednesday
nighf s council meeting.
The Pit's "8th Annual Most
Eligible Bachelor on Campus"
contest features male stripping by
UBC men and has been the subject
of controversy in past years.
"It's deemed as offensive,"
said Library and Archival studies
representative Noel McFerran,
adding that because men not competing are not allowed in until 9:30
p.m., "We're not allowing 50 per
cent of the students to use one of
the most popular facilities on
But most council members
disagreed with McFerron.
Graduate student representative Kurt Preinsperg opposed
"this kind of Victorian puritan-
ism" calling the event "harmless"
and "cheap".
And Ken Armstrong of Arts
said the event represented progress for women: "I think 50 years
ago, women wouldn't be able to do
this. If I was a woman, I'd be
there," said Armstrong.
Armstrong added that excluding men until later was not a problem because Tuesday was "hardly
the most popular night ofthe Pit."
The Engineers have two of
their executive entered in the
contest. "I think there should be a
men's night too," said Engineering
rep Dave Hill.
McFerron's only vocal support came from External Affairs
coordinator Lisa Eckman, who, in
an interview after the meeting,
said she opposed Ladies Night
because "instead of moving to a
position of greater respect of sexuality to men and women, this is
actually moving away from it."
"A puritanical stance is
wrong," said Eckman, "But this is
turning a person into an object."
Eckman pointed out that she
was the only woman to speak out
during the debate. The motion was
supported by only four people.
A Notice To All
Pissed Off Parties
The Ubyssey is asking all clubs and constituencies
who feel unrepresented to present themselves in the
form of one person, to the Ubyssey office, Monday,
Noon (12:30) -We want a media liason from your club
or constituency to have a voice.
- Thanks-
The Ubyssey
A Notice To All
Pissed Off Parties
The Ubyssey is asking all clubs and constituencies who feel
unrepresented to present themselves in the form of one person, to
the Ubyssey office, Monday, Noon (12:30) -We want a media liason
from your club or constituency to have a voice.
- Thanks-
The Ubyssey
Become a UNICEF Volunteer
Andrea Martin
and Unicef Volunteer
Unicef Canada #?
November 4,1988
(Bv-tf or Tofu)
The good deal is, your least expensive meal is FREE when two or more of the
above items are ordered. Not valid with any other coupons. Dining in only,
please. Valid only when this ad is presented prior to placement of order.
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A Once-in-a-Lifettme Day of Discovery!
Tuesday, Nov. 15,1988 Pacific Coliseum
Joe Girard
'The World's Greatest
Salesman' and author of
'How to Sell Anything to
Anybody' and 'How to
Sell Yourself
11:00 a.m.
Earl Nightingale
Writer, broadcaster and
the man who taught
millions Napoleon Hill's
'Think and Grow Rich'
7:00 p.m.
Don Beveridge
A leading motivator
whose client list reads
like a Who's Who of
Fortune 500 companies
Og Mandino
The world's greatest
inspirational speaker
and bestselling author
of 15 million books
Dr. Joyce Brothers
psychologist, author
and media personality
4:30 p.m.
PLUS your host for
the day is Grey Cup/
Superbowl Champion
Joe Kapp
Your Superstars of
Success Day Pass
admits you to all guest
speakers and entitles
you to come and go as
you please. See one
speaker or see them all
Advance ticket sale price
One Day Only!
November 15, 1988
Pacific Coliseum,
Vancouver, B.C.
For tickets call VTC:
280-4444. For corporate
ticket rates and
call N.I.C.E. Inc.:
grab Town Pump
By Paul Preto
To tell you the truth, when I went to see the
Peelies Wednesday night at the Town Pump, I
didn't have a clue what to expect. All I had to go on
was a vague preview that suggested similarities with
REM and The Velvet Underground— strange bedfellows, to say the least.
The Feelies
The Town Pump
Wednesday, Nov. 2
The casually dressed Feelies hit the stage about
midnight, a striking contrast to the black clad,
pointy-shoed warmup band, The Odds. The two percussionists looked like somebody's father and Bill
Million resembled a librarian with his sweater, vest
and glasses. Expecting a mellow, slow paced band,
my preconceptions vanished the moment they
started playing. Within three songs they had the
packed crowd in front ofthe stage dancing to driving
songs from their three albums, as they played a
nonstop ninety minute set.
Glenn Mercer and Bill Million, who founded the
Feelies in 1975, combined their guitars for soaring
solos and crunching chords. After playing 15 or 16 of
their own songs, they launched into covers of bands
that have influenced them.
The first encore was a Velvet Underground
medley, followed with several songs by New York
band, Television. Their final encore was an original
version of the Beatles' Take it Easy: fast and edgy,
with great background percussion by Dave Wecker-
man who played an eighteen-inch- long steel pipe.
The sound wasn't great: Sometimes the mikes
would fail, and the balance between the instruments
was off. Apparently the Feelies soundman hadn't
been allowed into Canada due to a drunk driving
conviction 3 years ago. Wednesday marked the beginning and end of their Canadian tour: they are halfway
through a 5-week American tour and popped up to
Vancouver from shows in Seattle.
The current tour promotes their third album,
Only Life, which is also their first major label deal.
Previous albums were well received, but hampered
by poor distribution.
The Feelies' influences range from the Beatles
and The Velvet Underground to bluegrass and psychedelia. When I mentioned the often heard, unwarranted comparison with REM, The Feelies agreed,
adding that it probably came about from their past
tour with REM, and vague similarities in guitar
sound. Vocally, The Feelies bear no resemblance to
the monotonic droning that is REM's trademark.
Their sound contains many influences and can't be
pigeonholed, but Mercer's voice is similar to Lloyd
The Feelies had to return to Seattle following
their Vancouver concert to finish the West Coast leg
of their tour. If their album turns out to be as good as
their live show, then they are destined for much
greater success.
Students who have Work Study Authorization forms and who intend
to participate in the Work Study Program are encouraged to contact the
Canada Employment Centre in Brock Hall to arrange their work placements. Work Study funds are limited, and jobs are available on a first-come,
first-served basis. Act now to avoid disappointment.
B.C. Student Assistance Program recipients and out-of-province student loan recipients who wish to participate in the Work Study Program but
did NOT receive a Work Study application with their Notice of Recommended Award may wish to determine their eligibility for Work Study by
attending a Work Study Drop-in Session. The sessions will now be held
once a week commencing Tuesday, November 8, 1988 from 1:30 p.m. to
4:00 p.m. and will continue every Tuesday afternoon until further notice.
Awards and Financial Aid • Room 50, General Services Administration Building • Telephone: 228-5111
November 4,1988 Iiii;iiiiiiill
m mein
By Olivia Zanger
ozart, like all geniuses,
was a little cracked, a
little obsessive, a little emotional. His music is symptomati-
cally reflective of his passions.
Anyone who has not experienced
the range of emotion his music
can produce is living a culturally
stunted existence; anyone who
has can attest.
Don Giovanni
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Conducted by Gyorgy Fischer
Queen Elizabeth Theatre
The Vancouver Opera's recent production of Mozart's Don
Giovanni exploded with vocal
brilliance, bringing truly world
class singers to an obviously appreciative audience.
Given a traditional interpretation and performed in its
original Italian, Don Giovanni is
the story of a lascivious playboy
and scoundrel, whose gross insensitivity and sexual immorality eventually send him down to
In last week's four performances, the thirsts of Vancouver's
music lovers were well satiated
in this most enjoyable production
that boasted an outstanding cast
of artists. Though thin in its
staging, Don Giovanni was a
genuine treat.
Superb in their lead roles
were (Canadian) bass-baritone
Claude Corbeil as Don
Giovanni's engaging and comedic
servant Leporello and soprano
Christine Weidinger as the
grieving Donna Anna. Baritone
Theodore Baerg gave a weaker
performance than befitted the
role of the cocky lover himself,
though at some moments
exhibiting better form than at
You can enroll now for the second semester in French
Total Immersion at Universite Sainte-Anne. Learn to
Speak French at this small university (300
students) in a rural French community (population
10,000) along St. Mary's Bay in Nova Scotia. Because of
its size and dedicated staff this immersion program is
considered by many as the best in Canada and is
available   year  round.
Write or phone for more information about our short-
or   long-term   immersion   programs.
Dr. Jean-Douglas Comeau, Directeur
Sessions   d'immersion
Universite   Sainte-Anne,   Boite   2500
Pointe-de-1'Eglise,   Nouvelle-Ecosse
(Church Point,  Nova Scotia)
Telephone:      (902)   769-2114
others. Also worthy of mention is
Katherine van Kampen, a graduate of UBC, who sang the role of
Opera should be grand, a
sensual feast—indulgent, opulent, extravagant. Aurally, Don
Giovanni was wholly sumptuous.
The staging, however, was
slightly anemic, with sets that
were less than breathtaking.
The biggest letdown in this
performance came at what
should have been the most
climactic moment: The Big Hell
Scene. Don Giovanni, rogue
unparalleled, is sucked down
into the sewers of Hell, claimed
by the fiery depths of Eternal
Torment and Damnation. One
would expect some melodrama.
Some slurping, clawing
flames and gaping, vortical,
carnivorous orifices. Lake
of Fire intensity.
this production left me
unsatisfied, feeling
like there was an itch
unscratched, a theat
rical promise uncon-
summated. A metal
gate dropped, red
smoke pellets were
set off and four
went "bang. bang,
bang, bang." Don
Giovanni twirled in
the red mist and
ducked behind a
door. A much
stronger, more
effect could have
been rendered
with some
creative lighting,
a trapdoor, smoke
and a few rumbling, howling
snarls from Beelzebub. This is
Hell, after all.
And yet,
despite wishing
for a more
powerful theatrical element,
Don Giovanni
was overall highly enjoyable and
worth seeing—a promising start
to the opera's 88-89 season,
which will continue with Strauss'
Adiadne auf Naxos (in English),
Verdi's Rigoletto (in Italian), and
Verdi's La Triviata (in Italian).
Don't be intimidated by all
those old crones in minks and
coots in tuxes, dripping with the
signs of wealth that you don't
have. The Vancouver Opera
offers rush seats on the day of
performance from 10:00 a.m. to
5:00 p.m. for only $9.50, and for
students and seniors (with i.d.)
stand-by seats can be purchased
at the door for only $5.00
starting 30 minutes before
curtain. There's quite a line-up
for these cheapies, so getting
there early is advisable.
Dinner Jb Concert Studies
(prerequisite: Xhe Philosophy of Fun)
 ii—11 «    m ■■«   .     *   m»» ■     m»"i»	
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practicum tf(mtfi^Blnd parties,
by a diplo^pperenJ|y and phoj
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  ijI'M'.' mat     '-**   »_■ ■****•*■    ■**■ «! w*jj|l
UpcownI far AMS E Ants
Terry Edmunit *
Bruce Cockburn
Nov. 4
Nov. 5
Nov. 8
Register At FOGG U CAMPUS • Kitsilano • Broadway • English Bay
Too Busy To Meet
Other Single People?
"Thanks to Friends, I met someone
_ry special."
We bri:..jj together active
singles of high standards
and we do it selectively
and successfully
November 4,1988
West Vancouver
The  Food  Services  Department  is  now  accepting
applications for the coming ski season.
Full and Part-time Positions Available :
Those interested in working in this exciting ski area
should apply in person to:
West Vancouver
a) need career experience,
b) are people oriented,
c) have good communication skills,
d) can volunteer 2-3 hours per week,
We need on-campus
volunteer interviewers
for the 1989-90 school year.
Deadline: November 25,1988
at 228-3811 or drop by
Rm 200 Brock Hall
Student Counselling Centre
ffBoy" grew up
By Chung Wong
Spotting an individual in the
crowd speaking in sign language
to her deaf friend—explaining the
concert—Bono invites them on
stage to share in the experience. -
San Diego 1987
Rattle & Hum
Opens Tonight
They went to New York City,
a juggernaut of happenings on
both a cultural and a social level.
They were introduced to American blues, jazz and gospel—
musical cultures which strive to
maintain human freedom. It was
quite a contrast for the band,
coming from the scenes of
indifferent shootings and self-
digesting bodies that they had
witnessed in Nicaragua and
For individuals that have
stood for the face of the Human
Race, it was a logical step to deal
with the masses—a task whose
result has yet to be realized. U2
is in the "dreaded mainstream"
for a reason. Their "arrogance" is
perhaps, Bono says, a reaction to
the sense of inferiority they feel
as humans in the face of political
Rattle and Hum reaffirms
their beliefs.
Though the audience expects
colourful sensationalism, the
film in no way turns into a
Molson commercial. It opens
with biting scenes of Dublin in
grainy black and white.
The film is a concept
documentary in which human
beings share the experience of
their dream with the world. The
innovative film techniques used
are refreshing and effectively
capture the dream reality.
There are statements
through images. Using black and
white film, light is focused
beneath the chin of each band
member, giving a steamfrost
effect which captures facial
character in a crystallized state.
With the use of Dolby
Stereo, we hear, for the first
time, all the subtle things Bono
does with his trachea. It is
powerful. He intimidates without
A silhouette of clashing
drumsticks begins several songs.
The Edge incorporates blues to
enrich his minimalistic style of
guitar playing. Legs clad in torn
denim sway with hips before
bright lights in black in white,
driving the film to an inspired
Moments of energy flow into
dramatic moments of vulnerability, as when Bono sings "Bad" in
a child-like voice. The scene is
traumatic. We see his face so
close. It is like watching a family
member in a fragile state being
broken before your eyes.
■ The song is followed by
"Running to Stand Still", which
Bono combines in medley
with Ruby Tuesday and Sympathy for the Devil, as he
assumes the character of the
Byronic Hero on stage, come
to reveal social truths
through his uncaring, sinister
>~ attitude.
An example ofthe images
^_ presented on film is the
awesome contrast felt when a
gigantic stadium audience in
bright lights as seen through
eyes of the performers
suddenly turns into sheer
darkness as all lights are
extinguished the moment the
exhausted singer hits the
ground. Only the light on the
dead body remains. Focus is then
switched to the cameraman in
the helicopter who then focuses
Each film technique created
proved to be highly symbolic of
the scene's nature. Over 16
cameramen, and dozens of
coordinators were used in the
film. Director Phil Joanou was
very daring in style.
According to director
Joanau, the profile of Larry
Mullen is the film's greatest
accomplishment. U2's drummer
rarely speaks in public. He is the
only member of the band who
has not changed in appearance
since the days of their first
album, "Boy^. He is also the only
member of the band who chooses
not to dwell on political and
social issues. In Rattle and Hum,
the public begins to learn who he
really is.
When colour tints are
suddenly added to the black and
white, there is a sensation of life
beginning. Dark silhouettes of
the band are placed before a sun-
orange canvas. They sing "Where
the Streets Have No Name", a
song written in Ethiopia.
A monochromatic blue tint is
used in the background of a
hallowed silhouette that begins
to sing "MLK." Black and white
winter expression shots of
Martin Luther King are dramatically incorporated in this
scenario. Bono contradicts the
Doppler effect by presenting a
trick taught to him by BB King.
His voice becomes louder as he
moves away from the microphone. It is as if gravity was
being defied.
It is like watching a
family member in a
fragile state being
broken before your eyes.
BB King makes a cameo
appearance to show the world
how crazy a 62 year old blues
guitarist still can be. He has
perhaps the best line of the film
when he tells Bono, "Yi awflee
kinda yung to be a writing such
tenda lyrics."
The band loses its composure only once in the whole film.
A stage performance is captured
on a day when a bomb in a small
town in Ireland had left many
dead. Bono discusses with the
audience Irish immigration to
the United States. He then
says:"You know I'm sick of the
people who haven't been in the
country in more than 10 years
talk about how great the Irish
Resistance is—-"back home.'
Where's the glory in seeing a
man get shot down before his
wife and children? Yeah? Well
where's the glory in being left
dying, crippled or dead? Huh?
Huh? FUCK the revolution!"
He then sings "Sunday
Bloody Sunday."
The band is still not too sure
on whether or not they should
have kept this scene in the film
but, as the band maintains, part
ofthe film is meant to show their
human side.
The film ends with a sharp
return to black and white. A
microphone placed on Bono's
open palms is shown in crystal
light as it is gently presented to
the audience to sing: "What more
in the name of love?" It was
captured in black and white.
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November 4,1988 ENTERTAINMENT
Heartburn in Hell: Buttholes
Heartburn In Hell
The Butthole Surfers
SUB Auditorium
October 27
By Giles Gysel
One ofthe things that most of us take for
granted is the total artistic freedom allowed
in Western society. In short, if you've got a message
and you've got the bucks, you can keep saying your
message, even if it sucks. Only in America could
George Bush, Ernest Angely, Pat Boone, and The
Osmonds exist and prosper.
So, what else is new?
However, there has also been
an element among American artists that has challenged the
values of society, from Woody
Guthrie and Frank Zappa, to
Bruce Springsteen and the Dead
Kennedys. In a society where
sensual bombardment is all
pervasive, the only way to get
your message across is to be
equally direct by shocking the
Middle-America riff-raff to rouse
them out of their complacent,
materialist stupor.
But lots of people in America
like white bread, and many powerful Americans take it upon
themselves to protect their
nation from those nasty,"Un-
American Communist Perverts"
that dare to question the Status-
Quo. America has a strange
ability to stomp out the most
menacing social critics, while
absorbing the "safer" critics into
mainstream Pop Culture,
ignoring their message.
As a result, Tipper Gore's
anti-obscenity lynch mob killed
the Kennedys by bleeding them
dry in court, while Springsteen
has become so hyperbolated by
the Hollywood hype machine
Gibby tries to punch a spitting fan in the head
Gibby Hayes
America. That wonderful
Universe where White people
with White teeth eat White
bread and never get fat. Where
Mom, Dad, and Junior live in
prefab housing developments
and watch ABC every night and
are always happy. America. The
home of the beautiful, the brave,
and the BANAL.
that whatever power and
credibility his music had has
been effectively destroyed.
How can you take anyone
who makes the cover of the
National Enquirer seriously?
America has always pumped up
its heroes until they are ready to
explode, blasting them out of the
sky when no one can stand them
Cohen rides on myth
by Keith Leung
If artsy -far tsies worshipped
a God it would be Leonard
Cohen. His deep, heavy voice,
angst-ridden lyrics and minimal
instrumentation could send any
self-respecting artsy into a
frenzy. jAnd they were out in
force, filling the Q.E. Theatre, to
see the Man in person.
Leonard Cohen
Queen Elizabeth Theatre
October 26,1988
As an artsy -fartsy myself, I
must admit that I was somewhat
disappointed by his live performance.
He was, well, glacial. His
sole means of expressing emotion
while singing seemed to be to
close his eyes and screw up his
face into one big wince. As well,
he just kind of stood there in one
place for the entire concert.
There was all the movement and
thrashing of a Perry Como
concert. Of course, on the other
hand, it's hard to picture Leonard Cohen in spandex, jumping around and thrusting his pelvis, but it's kind of fun to
imagine, isn't it?
A serious detriment to the
power of the music was that
there were too many people on
stage. Much ofthe appeal of
Cohen's records lies in their
stark quality, including only
Cohen's voice, a guitar and back
up singers. With a total of nine
people on stage, that starkness is
lost in a pool of slick, overly
polished musical overkill.
He should have kept the
band pared down to himself on
guitar, the two back up vocalists,
the lute player and the violinist.
The rest should have been
This is exactly what he did
after the intermission, managing
to play Avalanche, Chelsea Hotel
and Tower of Song before the
rest of the band came back on
the stage. This part of the
concert was best, capturing him
bare and unadorned. Also
successful were his urbane
tongue-in-cheek preambles to
songs like I'm Your Man and
Sisters of Mercy.
Despite the quality of the
performance, the audience obviously adored Cohen, calling him
back for three encores and giving
him a standing ovation. But then
again, these Cohen slaves would
probably have slobbered all over
him no matter how he performed.
What does this have to do
with the Butthole Surfers? Well,
none of their music will ever
make the top ten, but Tipper
Gore must have them targeted at
the top of her personal hit list.
Sprung from deep in the
bowels of Texas, the Butthole
Surfers definitely set out to
shock their audience.
A Surfers concert is not so
much a gig as it is a
multi-media happening. They combine their
Loud, raunchy music
with films of car crash
footage and castration.
Combine this with a
completely nude
woman writhing onstage and an abusive
singer who has been
known to hurt both
himself and members
of the audience. The
band has something to
offend just about everyone.
What is a Butthole
Surfers concert like?
Imagine yourself inviting 100 punk rockers
over to your apartment. Get them really
drunk. Now play a
thrash metal as loud
as your stereo will go—
good and distorted.
Stand in the middle of
your living room with a
Moulinex food processor, and turn on your
favourite episode of
Charlie's Angels. By
now, the punk rockers should be
slam dancing and knocking you
about the room.
Now put your head in the
Moulinex and set the cycle for
"Julienne". Turn on the Moulinex
with your head in it. Voila!
Instant Butthole Surfers concert.
You either hate it or
you find being put
through a food
processor a mind-
The Surfers' music defies criticism. You either hate it or you
find being put through a food
processor a mind-expanding
experience, without actually
having to puree your head to
know what it feels like. Definitely "good clean fun" for the
whole family.
Does the Surfers' music have
a message? The sound was too
muddy to tell. Is the Surfers'
show shocking? Definitely. Are
the Surfers relevant and important social critics? They probably
don't give a fuck.
And after their ultra-short
50 minute show (cut short
because they were displeased at
being spat at by the audience) in
the SUB Ballroom, they proved
that they don't really give a fuck
about anything.
Beware, oh sacred Buttholers.
Tipper Gore is watching you.
Cut Only
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5736 University Blvd.
(In The Village)
Hrs. Mon-Sat 9am - 6pm
Registered Massage Therapist
Dunbar and West 30th
I treat stress-related conditions.
Physicians' referrals are accepted.
For more information or an appointment
please call 222-1778
Special Guests:
BRUCE STRACHAN, Minister ofthe Environment
GORDON WILSON, Leader, B.C. Liberal Party
JOHN CASHORE, NDP Environment Critic
7:00 p.m., Tues., Nov. 8th   $5.00 at door
Pacific Cinemateque
1131 Howe Street, Vancouver, Info: 736-8750/8746
November 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 Dance The November Blahs Away
The Soul Apostles
November 4th, 1988
First Set At 9:00pm
Graduate Student Centre
$1.00 Admission at the Door
Speaking Nightly at 7:00 PM
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday
Nov. 8th, 9th and 10th
Maranatha Christian Club
T-Birds take second place in the West with weekend wins
The UBC men's soccer team closed out their
1988 Canada West season with a pair of victories
over their prairie opponents this past weekend.
The Thunderbirds hammered the University
of Saskatchewan Huskies 9-0 on Friday and
edged the University of Alberta Golden Bears 2-
0 on Saturday to capture second place in the
western conference.
The Golden Bears captured the overall title
enabling them to represent the West in the national finals.
It was the second year in a row that the 'Birds
have ended up as bridesmaids, as last year they
finished behind the U-Vic Vikings who went on to
capture the national title.
"Unfortunately we had the tougher matches
earlier in the season and we hadn't jelled as a
team," said coach Dick Mosher, in reference to the
strong play the soccer'Birds have exhibited in the
final weeks of the season.
To Mosher the most pleasing aspect of the
season was the 'Birds prolific scoring which allowed them to put aside their label of being stingy
"Our goal output was up 100 per cent, from
20 to 40 goals," gloated Mosher.
The UBC defence was as solid as ever.
UBC's varsity rugby team dropped a pair of
games this past weekendlosing 27-7 to James Bay
Athletics on Saturday and 21-19 in a heart-
breaker the previous Wednesday.
"While the team has plenty of size and talent,
none of this year's squad has stepped forward to
fill the void left by last year's departing captains,
and the lack of leadership is hurting the team,"
said Coach Barry Legh.
Legh said that over the course ofthe season
the problem will resolve itself but he hopes it happens sooner than later.
On Saturday the Junior Varsity Braves
trounced the New Brighton under 21 58-4. The
older, bigger UBC squad physically handled the
touring New Zealand team. "They were mere
boys", said Braves member Evan Scholnick.
Varsity's next home game is 2:30 Saturday at
Thunderbird stadium against the Old Puget
Sound Beach.
Both the women's and men's basketball team
are on the road this weekend with the women at
the Queen's City Classic Tournament at the University of Regina and the men in California for a
couple of exhibition games.
The men are playing in Fresno against the
Fresno Pacific University on Thursday night. Friday they travel to Los Angeles for a match against
Cal State Northridge.
25% of the campus has already voted
on the Rec Fac issue. Why haven't
Jacques and his Master
by Milan Kundera * directed by Charles Siegel
Special Previews- Nov 16 & 17
2 for the price of 1 regular admission
Curtain: 8pm
Sat. Matinee - Nov 26 at 2pm
Support Your Campus Theatre
10/ oFF ail regular
priced items with
A.M.S. card or copy
oF this ad.
3355 West Broadway
November 4,1988 FEATURE
Troubled times forecast for U.S. universities
Dubious records on education cast pall over Bush, Dukakis promises
By Julie Lanza and Michael O'Keefe
College Press Service
Rarely has a U.S. presidential
campaign been as full of implications for American students as this
fall's race between George Bush
and Michael Dukakis.
Since Ronald Reagan came to power in
1980, the U.S. federal government has cut back
drastically on student aid and government
Not surprisingly, both vice-president Bush,
the Republican candidate, and Massachusetts
governor Dukakis, the Democratic nominee, are
promising four years of plenty.
Their records are less convincing however.
If he's elected president in November,
Dukakis will take with him policies that gave
Massachusetts students more financial aid but
that also helped put the state's public universities in deep financial troubles.
As the federal government reduced aid to
students, the Dukakis administration picked
up the slack. Since 1983, the state's scholarship fund, for example, jumped from $19
million to $84 million.
Yet, Massachusetts students and administrators say they are frustrated by Dukakis's
failure to maintain adequate operation budgets
for state universities.
At a March hearing on college saving
bonds, Dukakis said state campus budgets
"cannot be expected to continue to grow at anything like the rate they have over the past few
This fall, Massachusetts public colleges
will receive $21.3 million less than last year,
forcing them to turn away students, freeze faculty hiring
and'raise tuition fees by 8.5 per cent — twice the
national average of 4 per cent.
The University of Massachusetts at Amherst for example will charge students a special one-time $230 fee to
raise emergency cash. At University of Lowell, students
receive instructions from computers instead of faculty
members and have to pay $100 fees to use computer labs.
Student leaders are also upset by Dukakis's support
of a measure that would allow schools to keep excess
revenues generated by tuition fees hike. The "tuition
retention plan," they say, encourages universities to
raise their prices.
Under Reagan, students received
less financial aid and graduated
deeper in debt.
"We all think he's not sensitive enough," says
Michael Ferrigno, director of the State Student Association of Massachusetts. "It pains us. This policy, we
believe, is really a Republican policy."
Bush promises increased student aid and the
creation of programs to bring more minority students to
But the university community still remembers that
the vice-president offered public support for the Reagan
administration's budgetary attack on federal university
Under Reagan, students received less financial aid
and graduated deeper in debt. Facing federal cutbacks,
schools raised tuitions precipitously and delayed giving
faculty members pay raises. Professors left for the private industry, labs went unfixed and new building
projects were deferred.
"The question is, Where has he been for the last
eight years?'," says Michael Edwards of the National
Education Association. "For a lot of people, it is going to
take some convincing, and they're going to doubt his
Bush, like Dukakis, proposes creating a College Savings Bond, a certificate similar to federal saving bonds,
except that interest-earned would be tax-free if applied
to school expenses.
Helping students pay for college should be "one of
our priorities in the 1980s," he says.
Many black colleges also credit Bush with helping
their institutions secure federal grants and he has been
a long-time supporter ofthe United Negro College Fund.
Still, all the good intentions ofthe world won't count
without cash, according to Becky Timmons ofthe American Council on Education.
The vice-president's proposal to freeze federal spending for one year to reduce the federal deficit "would constrain the prospects of doing anything for education
that's current and vital," she says.
"Whoever is elected president has to face three
major problems," says Aims McGuiness ofthe Education
Commission ofthe States. "They will have to deal with
the budget and trade deficits, the high priority placed on
defense spending and the commitment to entitlements
for older people, such as Social Security."
According to critics like McGuiness it is unlikely any
new president would be willing to take political heat by
for example, funding university programs at the expense
of defense.
It is unlikely any new president
would be willing to take political
heat by funding university programs
at the expense of defense...
It is an opinion shared by Richard Rosser of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.
"The next president must be ready to make education at least as important as national defense," says
Rosser. "If he doesn't, we'll continue to have problems
with education.
Hillel House
in conjunction with the ISRAEL PROGRAM CENTRE
Tuesday, November 8th, 12:30
Director of the Overseas Program
For more information call 224-4748
Hillel is located across from SUB, behind Brock Hall
The University of British Columbia
The Braggart
by Titus Maccius Plautus
A Roman Comedy Translated by Erich Segal
November 8-12   8:00pm
(Doors open at 7pm for Pre-Performance Festivities)
Dorothy Somerset Studio
Res. 228-2678
Come and Celebrate
Xmas break
From DEC.26/88 TO JAN. 2/89
From $359.00
New Year's
Eve Bash
November 4,1988
THE UBYSSEY/13 Suite dreams
On November 19 the city of Vancouver
will hold its civic election. On the ballot is a
question regarding what the city of Vancouver likes to call illegal suites.
City hall shows complete disregard for
the some 3,000 UBC students who occupy
many of these suites. The vacancy rate in
Vancouver is less than 0.1 percent, and
hundreds of students are turned away each
year from insufficient student housing.
Where does Gordon Campbell expect these
students will live?
The city claims it receives over 700 calls
a year complaining about illegal suites.
There are 35,000 secondary suites in Vancouver. Who carries more weight at city hall?
City hall has chosen to allocate funding
to hold a plebiscite and supporting campaign
rather than actually providing affordable
There is no question that they need to
carry out the democratic process in an issue
of such importance, but the people who have
the most to lose—tenants of illegal suites,
who weren't enumerated—been left out in
the cold.
This is precisely the reason why city hall
wants to see secondary suites either legalized or abolished. Or so they say. Strangely
enough, they have neglected to inform the
population about the tax revenue which they
could claim if suites were to become legal. If
they cared about people more than tax dollars, illegal suites would be replaced by affordable housing. Not plasterboard
townhouses disguised as condominiums.
City hall would do better to deal with the
problem directly by providing low-cost housing for students and others who are currently forced to live in secondary suites. But
they make more rules about housing even
though they can't responsibly enforce the
ones currently in effect. If the city built more
affordable housing, perhaps the illegal suite
problem would repair itself without citizens
having to waste their money paying for a
plebiscite that won't solve the problem.
Low-cost housing is needed, and all the
reviews in the world won't help make any
progress in a desperate situation.
Maybe the city should close its parking
violation notebook, and open its eyes.
November 4,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bythe Alma Mater Society
of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
Who, us too tired to write a masthead, gasped Mandel Ngan as
he clutched at the dummy sheet. Chris Wiesinger, collapsed in a
corner, could only lift his head and whimper, while Deanne Fisher
lifted her head and shrieked loudly. Katherine Monk and Chung Wong
joined together in singing the American national \anthem, and Robert
Groberman, who had left just as the fun was beginning. Gylse Gysel
slept whilst this was occuring, and Rick Hiebert shifted uncomfortably
in his bed as he had a nightmare about what Joe and Barb would say
about hism in the masthead. Corrine Bjorge moaned, Laura
Busheikin grimaced, and Jennifer Lyall gurgled. Ted was teed, and
Olivia was fit to be tied.
Deanne Fisher:
Robert Groberman:
Katherine Monk:
Mandel Ngan:
Chris Wleslnger
city desk
HAS BLOW!-/WIS tfi/ee
lead in popularity*
• • • $
Mud slung
in AMS
It seems to me that the
AMS has finally succumbed
to the temptations of gutter
politics. Here we have a
proposal for a facility which
has been in the works for a
while; we have a dedicated
AMS president who has
(spring of '88) tried to poll
students interests in library
improvements as an option
for spending student dollars
(Tim Bird sais only two responses came back from his
library poll). Up until Oct.
25th we had a level headed
AMS that dealt with the
concerns ofthe student body
in a fair rational way (eg.
Tim Bird's response letter to
concerned students—Oct.
In a democratic society
competition keeps us both
(hopefully) honest and informed about other possible
sides of an issue. Rob
Beynon presented the
Graduate Students
Society's opposition to the
rec facility by listing some of
the major concerns of the
councillors in his Oct. 25th
letter in the Ubyssey. At this
point the AMS slipped in the
mud and became unnecessarily venegful. Instead of
addressing each and every
concern that was brought up
in Beynon's letter in a clear
and tactful manner, they
jumped into the "mud mentality" for all they were
We have the AMS
spending approximately
$700 of student funds to try
and bury Rob Beynon in the
mud. And still after all this
chaos some of the primary
questions brought up by the
Grad Student Society still
go unanswered!
Mr. Bird and company,
you must realize that "you
can never satisfy all the
people, all the time." Had
the AMS chosen the road to
rational   explaination   in-
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with identification, to SUB 241k.  Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
stead ofthe mud puddle, the
GSS concerns could have
been dealt with and a 'clean'
rec facility would have been
available for well informed
voters to decide upon.
Rick Ortega
Law 3
DSA removes
I wish to thank Ms.
Deanne Fisher for her article "Wheeling and Dealing" (Sept 30). Even though
I am in third year academically, this is my first year at
UBC, as well as my first
year as a member (and Vice
President) of the Disabled
Students' Association. I
need all the support I can
I also wish to thank
AMS President Tim Bird for
his support, both in Ms.
Fisher's article and out of it.
Thank you, Mr. Bird! Let's
work together to ensure that
the AMS is truly representative of ALL students.
As stated in Ms.
Fisher's article, I believe
that the DSA should not
have to be concerned about
wheelchair accessibility
(since there are enough concerns about just making it
through the day and classes,
let alone exams, and helping
other disabled students become aware ofthe resources
available to them), i.e., it
should not be an issue. But
since it is an issue, I do not
intend to let it go unnoticed,
either as Vice ofthe DSA, or
as a disabled student myself, with my own personal
Please note here that
"accessibility" can be taken
literally, in terms of physical "roadblocks", or figuratively, in regards to attitudi-
nal barriers. One of my main
concerns has been, in my
own past, and will be here at
UBC, an opening of the
public mind to the needs of
disabled people, students or
otherwise. So-called able-
bodied people should realize
that the biggest handicap
disabled people face is the
social handicap, enforced on
them through ignorance
and stereotypes.
I encourage all students, whatever their physical condition, to become
DSA members, and thereby
become more aware of some
very important issues which
affect all of us. Don't kid
yourself, the disadvantages
of disabled persons are simply exemplary ofthe lack of
privileges we all face. Most
students, for example, do
not fall into any privileged
class interval, whatever
some people may think.
Here's to the pending
power of the Underdog.
Lissa Temple
Psychology 3
Fascist sells
Do you wish to purchase a rocket launcher?
Perhaps a RPG-7, I understand that they work well on
"heterosexual champions."
It is of course obvious, Because of my name (Sep
Farahbakhsian), that I have
connections with third
world arms dealers and may
be able to provide you with
some "ohms" and ammunition. Oh sorry! That must be
a Freudian slip, since the
ohm is a unit for measuring
resistance in electricity.
That must mean that I actually meant the electric chair
and that I probably support
the death penalty (care to
pin that on me too? Now that
we have the truly PETTY
things out of the way, let's
get to the heart of the matter. My letter stated that
one's sexual preference does
not warrant having a set of
separate sporting events
and that homosexuals can
gain better ACCEPTANCE
of who they are individually
as opposed to what form of
sex they practice as a group.
One's sexuality is a private
matter and basing organized public events on it
seems    irrelevant.    Mr.
Champion has his own
views which are much different from mine, and the
fact that our letters appeared side-by-side is perhaps due more to coincidence than to common beliefs. Please respond to each
of our letters separately
since I'm sure that your
"superior intellect" does not
agree with stereotyping.
Sep Farahbakhshian
Biochem 4
Rhetoric proves
If Peter Halewood
hadn't stated his faculty as
"Law," I could have guessed
it anyway. It's a common belief that lawyers typically
utilise flashy rhetoric and
obscure words to dazzle the
minds of those who have no
morals and are attracted to
bright, shiny objects.
Mr. Halewood never attempted to prove or disprove
any aspect ofthe arguments
put forward in those letters
which he took exception to.
He merely sought to over-
dramatise the opposition to
homosexuality. A favorite
ploy ofthe lawyer: who cares
if my client is guilty or not,
let's see if we can show how
the prosecution slipped up!
But to invoke comparisons
to Hitler and Falwell? Well
done, Caligula!
Finally, he tries (I think)
to divert attention to the
drunkenness of engineers
and the proliferation of alcoholic activities on campus.
Ill give him part marks for
that; I'd like to see the end of
alcohol, period (or perhaps
the engineers). But even
successful lawyers must
admit that two wrongs do
not make a right, the present legal system notwithstanding.
I believe Mr. Halewood
will make a very good lawyer; he should stick to that
and avoid applying legal
reasoning to forums of public debate.
Jim Murray
Arts 4
November 4.1988 OMO
maims and
I was very relieved to read
that Joan Bratty, the president of
UBC's Environmental Interest
Group, does not advocate tree-
spiking. The article in which Joan
was apparently misquoted
(Oct.14) implied that tree-spiking
is an act of civil disobedience. Any
act that is aimed at intentionally
injuring or killing another person
can be considered nothing less
than an attempt at murder.
If this sounds overly dramatic
then perhaps you do not fully
understand the damage that a
spike in a tree can cause. When a
chainsaw hits a spike it can be
forced to kick back with such veloc -
ity that the operator cannot react.
If it kicks back hard enough it can
maim or kill. This is not theoretical and there are some unfortunate victims that could tell you
about it (and some that can't for
obvious reasons). It is an act that
could also trigger a dangerous
chain of events.
What if the next time that
someone lies in front of a bulldozer
it turns out that the operator's
best friend lost an arm when his
saw hit a spike? Maybe he won't
stop his bulldozer in time. This is
not the way that we want to deal
with our problems!
Dave Christie
Forest Harvesting 3
Leaping lesbians
In regard to the letter written
in last week's issue concerning the
Gay Games, I would like to applaud Dr. Strangway's decision
not to allow the facilities of the
UBC campus to be used. As an
alumni of the university I wholeheartedly support his decision.
The UBC campus is not the place
for such activities. Why can't these
athlete's compete in sporting
events regardless of sexual preference? Is this to be the forerunner to
the Lesbian Games? Let us hope
Darwin Dewar
UBC Alumni
Geers credited
with spirit
Don't worry, Antoinette, be
happy! (Regarding Antoinette
Boquiren's letter printed on Oct.
If UBC were competing
against other universities on the
basis of spirit, I would want the
engineers to represent us. Yes, I
believe that those "primitive hooligans" have good ol' fashioned
school spirit. The rest of our school
seems to have lost it.
Take, for example, the Shrum
Bowl '88. If school spirit was the
main ingredient for winning the
game, Simon Fraser would have
won 34-7.
The engineers were accepted
into UBC because, just like every
other student, they worked hard.
Their course load is one of the
toughest and it takes a great deal
of work for them to pass, but they
still have time to show their pride
in their institution. They are not
As for those "innocent" bystanders, like yourself, ifyou don't
like what you see then just turn
your heads. Because ifyou stay on
a battlefield too long you should
expect to be hit by some shrapnel.
You've probably noticed by now
that UBC is a big place, and there
are plenty of places for you to go.
I don't believe that "assault
charges" will be in order. What you
witnessed were two tankings, fellow engineers throwing two other
engineers into the fountain. Engineers are told to expect to be
tanked at least once a year from
day one of entering their chosen
What   goes   around   comes
around; they all get it sooner or
Lighten up. If the}' bother you
that much write a book about
them. But it might be easier to j ust
get used to them; I did. Luckily for
us the school spirit is alive and
well with the UBC engineers and
hopefully it will never die.
Karen Bopp
Arts 2
a Christian virtue
T.D. Ciz presumes to lecture
Christian Champion on "the
Christian virtue of tolerance." To
be blunt, there is no such thing as
the Christian virtue of tolerance,
and there never was. Tolerance
came from Europe.
St. Paul insists that the major
Christian virtues are Faith, Hope
and Charity. The last of these has
nothing to do with our modern
idea of tolerance—certainly not
toward homosexuals. Instead, St.
Paul is so intolerant that in one
epistle, he tells people who disagree with him to castrate themselves. (In most translations, the
passage is deliberately mistranslated into softer language).
The major Catholic philosopher, Thomas Aquinas, is no supporter of tolerance. Instead, St.
Thomas says that heretics "should
be cut off from the world by death."
The Protestant Reformers like
Martin Luther, John Calvin and
John Knox (whom few Christians
now read) are no better. Luther
supported the German princes in
their crushing of the German
peasants' revolt. Jesus' grim parable of the withered fig tree
blasted into submission shows no
tolerance in the Gospels.
Tolerance, historically, is a
Johnny-come-lately virtue, the
product of the 18th century European Enlightenment. It is a secular virtue, not Christian.
Greg Lanning
Law 2
Mentally handicapped deserve the right to vote
Last month, the Supreme Court of Canada
ruled that it is unconstitutional to deny mentally
handicapped adults the right to vote in an election.
This historic decision affects 50, 000 Canadians.
The most immediate, obvious and initially—
compelling objection to this ruling centers around
the issue of "competency" and stems from the feeling that a vote by a mentally handicapped person
would be "wasted" because such a person would be
unable to make an informed choice. Given this and
given the fact that our society regards the ballot as
integral to our political process and identity, persons unable to make an informed decision should
not be allowed to participate.
r, r t *
It is to my contention that such an assertion
cannot be made. The legal requirements are: the attainment of the age of 18 years (19 provincially),
Canadian citizenship (incorporating landed immigrant status) and a fixed address. That is all. There
is no mention of competency.
Many people might wish to make the claim for
a special case militating against enfranchisement
for the mentally handicapped and would do so, presumably, for reasons of competency. However, any
attempt to introduce competency into the requirement of eligibility is problematic. A legitimate and
appropriate means test will result , a-fortiori, in
preventing a proportionately large number of otherwise eligible voters from participating in the electoral process.
Such a means test, to be efficacious, must, at a
minimum, roughly verify the potential voter's list
knowledge of the structure of government and an
awareness of at least a few of the pertinent issues
which impact upon the campaign. These two foci
will elucidate the fact that the testee knows why
and for what s/he is to cast a vote—the significance
of their action—and why s/he is preferring one
candidate over another. These basic criteria would
insure, to some extent, that the ballot is not
"wasted." However, even this might be superoga-
tory; many non-mentally handicapped persons
might fail where a number of mentally handicapped
persons might succeed.
I make bold to suggest that too—small a minority of citizens in this country undertake to conscientiously evaluate the serious issues in an election,
that few familiarize themselves with the candidates
in their riding or their views (attendance at all candidates meetings are notoriously poor) or could articulate what the structure of parliament is, the
functions of key institutions or political bodies like
caucus, cabinet or the P.M.O., and far too few could
probably describe in a rudimentary fashion the
process by which legislation is introduced and eventually becomes law.
And yet, it is precisely because opponents of enfranchisement for the mentally handicapped dispute their competency that they want to deny them
the vote. Opponents may argue that although they
themselves might not be able to pass the test, at
least they have the potential to pass, whereas the
mentally handicapped lack even the potential.
This is specious reasoning and ignores three
important points: first, the potentiality argument is
irrelevant; the question is whether or not the voter
is actually competent at the time ofthe casting ofthe
ballot in this election. Secondly, it has not been
demonstrated that the mentally handicapped lack
this potentiality; in some cases incompetency might
be ameliorated through education, as with those not
affected by a mental dysfunction. Finally and concomitantly, it ignores the fact that there are wide-
ranging differences in disabilities, some more debilitating than others, and that not all mental
handicaps seriously impede the person's capacity to
make an informed vote.
There are other reasons why antagonism in this
regard is invalid. It should be remembered, though,
that many others in our society have been denied
access to participating in the political process for
less-than-compelling reasons: women, native
peoples, Japanese Canadians... The striking down
of this prohibition against mentally handicapped
people is long overdue and shows a maturation of
our society.
Tom Andrews
Unclassified 5
in fact, how about Monday at
12:30. We would like to
establish a   working
relationship with your club or
constituency after the demise of
the clubs page last year. Select
one or two representatives who
would make good PR people,
and come to SUB 241K Monday
It's good politics-it's good
We care about you, and we'll
prove it...dammit.
Whistler Lodge
rChristmas Break Ticket Sale -i
(Decl,'88 — Jan 3,'89)
Wednesday, November 23, '88
SUB Room 212 8:00am - 1:00pm
• Total of 10 tickets allowed, any combination
ie. 10 people, 1 night or 2 people 5 nights, etc.
• Proper ID required for each ticket holder
For more information call 228-5851
— For other dates, tickets on sale at the AMS Box Office —
Opm7<tey*awsek   Your 24 Hour Business Centre
desktop publishing
word processing
spell check  graphics
we don't sleep, ...so YOU can!
Suite 201,905 West Pender Street, Vancouver, BC V6C1L6
(Hornby and Pender, Downtown)
November 4,1988
Revelations over tea
Visiting scholar tackles issues of our time
By Katherine Monk
She looks like the wise aunt with all the answers that everybody wishes
they had but thought only existed in soap operas. But Pauline Webb is
more than wise words and a trustworthy face—she is a woman of action.
As this semester's Murrin
scholar in residence, Webb
is touching base with UBC students on such issues as religion,
feminism, and the media.
With such lectures as "dialogue between faiths," "partnership between genders," and "the
media and morality," it is clear
that Webb's breadth of knowledge
is as large as the ocean which
separates her from her native
Webb first established her
ties this side of the Atlantic after
reading "Honest to God," a book
dealing with the nature of theology, and what Webb describes as
"bringing an intellectual validity
to Christianity." The book eventually lead to her enrollment in the
Union Theological seminary in
New York in 1963.
Her newly acquired knowledge in religious studies opened
another door for Webb as she was
nearing her mid-fifties, and she
entered into a long-term relationship with the BBC as a religious
affairs broadcaster.
On the Media
Through broadcasting, Webb
discovered an outlet through
which she could put her background in English, editing experience, and her theological knowledge  together for  one  common
goal—effective communication
between all people.
"Radio is wonderful," she
says, "you can reach a huge
amount of people. Think of the
thousands of people who can't read
or write, but own a radio—it's
"In my view religious broadcasting is exploring the religious
area of life. We tend to be secular
in Britain. Look at our sense of
humour—or what has become
known as the British sense of
humour—like Spittin' Image. We
use satire a lot—humour has always been used as a weapon, and a
very effective weapon—for the
Webb makes a point of distinguishing British and Canadian
culture from typical American
culture. "We don't have these tele-
vangelists, like you see on American television," she says. "In Britain, religious broadcasting is
meant to be objective."
"With religious political leaders dominating the world political
scene, we were asked to provide
background information, and the
line between the news room and
our office became hotter and hotter."
Webb says the way people
have interpreted scripture to further their own set of values and
prejudices presents a problem in
religion today. "I am religiously
committed, but fanaticism can be
very dangerous," she says. "You
start having a religious mandate,
and martyrdom becomes a motivating factor."
Webb says that we are at a
crucial time in history, and tolerance is an essential attribute if we
are to survive in into the next
"Now, especially, we must
understand other faiths. I would
like to see religion increase understanding amongst people. We
come to different conclusions but
face similar questions, and that is
where religion can increase mutual understanding between
people—between faiths."
Webb sees religion as an accepting lieu for debate. "Religion
should provide a critique of society—no earthly power is unlimited, and no earthly ruler can
command absolutely." For this
reason, Webb says, we must constantly question what we believe.
But we do not question ourselves nearly enough, she says,
and advocates a stronger self-
awareness through the media.
"Are the media agents of social
change—do we shape or mirror?
Those are good questions, but very
difficult to answer. In a way, we
hold a mirror, but do so with direction." ?he says.
"We (the media) are the eyes
and ears ofthe population, but not
necessarily its conscience."
"We should uncover what
people want to keep hidden. I believe the free press is an important
part of democracy—but it's always
the first casualty in times of social
Webb says the media has its
own dilemmas: "Nobody can be
totally impartial, and so long as
people realize the context of a journalist, there should be no problem." The most important thing,
she says, is that the media forces
people to question themselves and
the society in which they live.
"Our job is to sensitize the population," she says.
On Women
For all the strengths of the
media, Webb also sees one tragic
flaw in the internal structure of
the news business. "The media are
dominated by men," she says.
Women have entered the profession, she says, but they don't get
the top jobs. And the agenda set by
the media focuses almost exclusively on men. "On Canadian
news, I've noticed that about 94
percent of the stories are on or
about men."
"I think if women were more
influential in the media, the issues
that were covered would be more
important—look at what is happening in Guatemala. There are
thousands of young widows struggling to feed their children. What
is their story—we've forgotten."
She says the media should
look at people who aren't important and re-evaluate the criteria
for what is considered newsworthy. "In Southeast Asia prostitution is the only way to make a
living. But there are young
women—some just little girls—
who are put in cages, waiting to be
sold. And this really happens. A
UNESCO journalist ran a story on
this, but there isn't nearly enough
Strangely, as she recounts another story of social injustice, her
eyes retain a warm gaze of deep
peace. Patience and rational discourse seem to be her only response to a world tearing itself
apart at the seams.
Humanity wouldbe much less
lopsided, she says, if women had a
truly equal place within society.
And as a long time observer of
women's rights, Webb says emancipation has come about only
through the control a woman has
over her own body.
"Women who were for so
many centuries seen as child-
bearing beings—now have freedom from this constant cycle. You
don't feel too creative or energetic
when you're constantly pregnant."
"I've been interested in the
last four decades and women are
changing—from serving to shap
ing society. In the fifties, people
were keen to get back to the family
after the war. Then, in the sixties,
the first women's movement was a
joke—burning bras and so forth.
But the seventies began to see a
new consumer, and there were
more programs about professional
"I think people are realizing
that women are not all the same,
that they are all different. One can
see that in the way they are represented in film and television—the
interrelationship between women
alone is different than women in
mixed company, and we are seeing
that for the first time."
But women have to take a
larger role in the political spectrum if things are going to change,
she says. It's not so much that
women have to adopt a male structure when they go into politics, but
the men around them do not know
how to react, Webb added.
Thatcher is not an example of
a woman becoming a man, she
says. "Thatcher is a frightening
anomaly, but she has remained
very much a woman. She uses a
man's power in a man's world. If
more women were around, she
would get away with less."
"The men are in exaggerated
awe of her (Thatcher)—she represents all the lingering sub-conscious, and the concept of mother.
Earliest contact is with a female
and men must find what it means
to be a man—thrusting, socially as
well as physically. A woman does
not have that pressure. We are
much more relaxed about our
femininity, men don't know what
to do about it."
On Homosexuality
It would have been difficult
not to ask a feminist theologian
and broadcaster what she thought
about the controversy in the
United Church regarding homosexuals in the ministry, and she
knew it.
"In Britain they have Clause
28, which says it's illegal for homosexuals to show affection in public.
I, as a journalist, find it offensive—it's censorship. And as a
teacher, how can you teach anything about the arts, when so
many of the great artists have
been homosexuals. What happened to Oscar Wilde should never
happen again."
"In that sense, I'm concerned
about the debate. Otherwise it's a
fascist society telling us what it is
right, and what to believe."
"Religion is about acceptance—by God, and so by other
people in God's name. You are
accepted as God made you, whatever sexual orientation you are."
"Clause 28 says homosexuality must not be promoted as a
normal way of living. For some it
may not be normal to be left-
handed either."
vV^-^^fo     A quality worth experiencing.
November 4, 1988


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