UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 14, 1988

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VOLUME 71, Number 11
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, October 14,1988 Classifieds
Rates: AMS Card Holder* - 3 Una*, $3.00,
additional Una* 60 cants, commercial -3 lines,
75 cents. (10% Discount on 25 Issues or
more) Classified ads payable In advance.
Deadline 4*00 p.m,. two days before publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T
SANYO COMPUTER (IBM XT Turbo Compatible), tvtOK, 8.00 clock, 20 MByte HD,
keyboard, monitor, Roland 1250 printer
(240 CPS), 732-3799 321-4484.
1982 ENCYCLOPAEDIA Britannica plus:
Encycl. Annuals to date, Medical and Health
Annuals to date, Sci. and Technology Annuals to date. Phone 228-1247. $650 OBO
($1800 new).
'78 HONDA CIVIC. Excellent condition and
low milage. $1500. 987-8157.
1979 V.W. Westfalia Camper, very good
condition, well maintained, 4 spd., beige,
$8500 o.b.o. 420-6962.
IBM Turbo XT clone. 640k ram, 8MHz CPU,
V20 Processor, Hercules graphics, multi I/O
card, 30M fast harddrive, keyboard, brand
new monitor. Call mornings or evenings
AVAILABLE NOW - one bedroom in shared
house. Near UBC, $300/month, 11/2 baths,
fireplace, wcodstove, sundeck, workroom.
Call 261-6155.
SHARED APT. 2 bdrm. bsmt. suite in house,
close to UBC. $300 per month, incl. util.
Available now. 266-5050.
LIVEABOARD, 30 ft. sailboat, False Creek,
$300/mo. 228-1344.
LSAT PREPARATION course for the Dec.
3rd LSAT - November 14, 15, 16, 17 (evenings). Forinformationcall 1-800-387-1262.
30 - JOBS
HOSTESS NEEDED to hand out literature
at golf trade show next M-Th, $10/hr. Flexible shifts, transport available. Phone 224-
Telephone Canvassers needed by the UBC
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION for a 4 week period: Oct. 31 - Nov. 24.
These positions involve the calling of
alumni, who have been notified by letter in
advance of your call, about this year's
Alumni Fund.
Hours: 6 pm - 9 pm, Monday-Thursday. You
should be able to work 2 nights each week
and attend a 3 hour PAID Training Session.
Wage: $6 per hour.
Please call 228-3313 between 8:30 am and 5
pm for an interview.
alternate Mondays; possibly a few more hrs.
during the week. References required. 224-
35 - LOST
REWARD - Lost: small black leather purse,
Oct 5, Chem. rm. 150. I need ID, glasses,
contacts. If found pis. take to UBC RCMP, no
questions asked.
LOST: On September 29 a black wallet was
lost with I.D. in it. If found pis. call Mike
Molson 261-8281.
LOST GOLD RING no stones. Phone 228-
2758 or 266-8575 Evenings.
We've conquered at Sea
We've conquered at Land
39 more to man the ship
Congratulations to the
Kappa Sigma Pledges!)
iTR Mobile Sound
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♦For any occasion*
5 hours in SUB! Only $189
Barrister & Solicitor
#203 - 4545 W. 10th Ave., 228-1433.
Vancouver to:
Plus Tax
will polish your grammar and style.
TOUCAN TANGO PDQ at 731-1252.
TUTOR NEEDED - Grade 11 Chemistry &
Physics for a U. Hill student 943-1245.
DO YOU NEED HELP with written essays,
syntax, spelling, punctuation, editing? High
school English Teacher would like to help
particularly students for whom English is a
second language. Phone 228-0926.
Share your skills overseas...
gain a lifetime of experience
Will you soon be a graduate in:
-Civil engineering
-Community planning
Cuso, Canada's largest overseas development
organization is seeking qualified graduates
with degrees in these areas.
If you are interested in working in a developing
country overseas as part of your career come
to our information meeting being held at U.B.C.
October 17,1988
12:00 noon
The Asian Centre (Auditorium)
1871 West Mall 4$i
word proc.& IBM typewriter. Studentrates.
Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
YOUR WORDS professionally typed, fast &
reliable. Judith Filtness, 3206 W. 38th Ave.,
WORD PROCESSING, $2.00/dbl. sp. page,
MLA, APA, CMS, editing. Comput-
erSmiths, 3724 West Broadway at Alma,
ACCURATE REPORTS word processing,
Word Perfect, laser printer, dictation, student rates avail. #16-1490 W. Broadway at
Granville 732-4426.
WORD WEAVERS - still on 41st bus line.
New location #101 - 2258 W. 41st Ave. at
Yew St Excellent student rates for quality,
custom word processing, aussi en francais.
Tel. 266-6814.
A & Y Manuscript Masters
Specialists in scientific texts, graphs, grammar correction and style polishing. 253-
0899. Free pickup and delivery on campus.
proofreading, WordPerfect, same day serv-
ice. 224-5617.	
TYPING QUICKby UBC, all kinds. Call Rob
228-8989, $1.25 page dbl. space, notice preferred.
WORD PROCESSING! Professional quality
at student prices. Call Julie at 251-5948.
A.T.A. secretarial services. Fast! Accurate!
Efficient! Reasonable rates for Btudents.
263-3173 Mary Tobin.
essays, theses. Discounts for students, 10th
and Discovery. Phone 222-2122.
Typing, Editing, NO NOTICE REQUIRED, resumes. (Same day service).
Tapes transcribed. 224-2310 (Days), 327-
0425 (eves.)
Laser Printer, experienced typist Call Mary
Lou 9 421-0818 (Burnaby).
emergency service avail., P/U & delivery.
Exc. student rates. High quality. Laser
printed. Call 689-3946 (7 days and eves.)
Note: Noon «12:30 p,ro,
Arts Undergrad Society Referendum on Stndent Fee$., Vote
through October 19 at Baehanan
A-tudt, Geography Building. Help
make Arts stronger!
Genera] meeting. Noon, SUB 215,.
Excited First Daughter with special guest, Paula, Noon, SUB
UBC New Democrats
General Meeting. Noon, SUB 215.
UBC Ayn Rand Club
Audiotape: ''Why should one acton
principler Noon, SUB 119.
Microbiology Club
Bzzr Garden. 4*8:30 pjn., SUB
UBC Pacific Bim Club
Bzzr   Garden.   4:30-7
Buchanan Lounge.
Blastoff! TbrVScS'ambIers with 4
special f-^p^T 7:30 p.m,r SUB
Ballrooc^n** 207, licensed).
UBC Film Society
SUBFilms presentation:  "Hope
and Glory*, "Milagro Beanfield
War". 1 and 9:30 pjn- SUB The*
Chinese Collegiate Society
Asian Pood Night 7:30-11 p.m.,
SUB Party Room, -
Graduate Student Society
Dance. Terminal City, 8 p.m.k
Banquet Room.
Thunderbird Football -live broad**
cast* UBC at Alberta* Noon.
UBC Student Ministry
"Fall Football Fling*. 3-5 p.m.*
Gates Park.
Orthodox Christian Mission
Vespers, 6 pjn, St Peter's Church,
4580 Waldon (Main & 30th},; 275-
UBC Film Society
SUBFilms;  "Hope  and Glory*,
"Milagro Beanfield War"1. 7 and
9:30 p-m., SUB Theatre.
Orthodox Christian Mission
Divine liturgy, 9 a.m*, St Peter's
Church, 4580 Waldon (Main &
30th), 275-2985.
UBC Film Society
SUBFilms:  "Hope and Glory",
"Milagro Beanfield War*. 7 and
9;30p.m^ SUB "Rieatre,
Alma Mate- Society/Student
Health Service
Drinking & Driving: MADD;
speaker: Sally Cribble, Noon,
Conversation Pit, Main Concourse, SUB.
Earth Tones AMS Choir
Practice, 6 p.m., Scarfe 100.
UBC Film Societ
Film: "Badlands". 7 & 9:30 pjti-
SUB Auditorium, SUB,
Alma Mater Society/Student
Health Service
Minimal .Risk Program1, speaker
Mr. Don Jarvis, B.C. Alcohol and
Drug Education Program. Noon,
Conversation Pit, Main Concourse, SUB.
Libertarian Club of UBC
Dennis Corrigan, national leader
of the  Libertarian   Party  of
Canada. Speech followed by question period. Noon, SUB 212.
Jewish  Students  Association/
Hot lunch. Noon, Hillel House.
Upcoming EVents
Leonard Cohen Appearing October 26 at the Q.E. Theatre, 8p.m.
The author of such novels as Beautiful Losers and Death of a Lady's Man has just released his tenth
record album, I'm Your Man. From the Renaissance of song poetry in the Sixties to the present day, Cohen
had his compositions performed by such artists as Rita Coolidge to Joe Cocker. Elvis Costello dtes
Cohen's influence on his work. New he wants to influence Vancouver.
Reviews running next week:
Lie of the Mind — running at the Vancouver Playhouse
Caucasian Chalk Circle — running at Studio 58, Langara
Hydro Electric Streetcar — SUB Ballroom, Oct 15th
Antigone — run ending October 14th.
Jonathan Richman — performed October 12th
open 7 days a week   Your 24 Hour Business Centre
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word processing
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October 14,1988 M.lf,<fcfi.
Council calls for recycling program
By Joe Attwasser
Recycling is no longer just the concern of
Slocan Hippies, farmers, and the environmentally aware.
"The environment is becoming an issue of great importance to
the public, a fact reflected in the
coverage it is given in the present
federal election," said Judy Toth of
the B.C. Recycling Council last
Thursday. "Recycling must have a
role in any environmental program."
Toth also said recycling is not
a new issue, citing the two world
wars as excellent examples of recycling programs that were put
into effect out of necessity.
But Toth feels people quickly
forgot about recycling after the
wars and "we had a return to our
throw-away society."
The response to the growing
mountains of waste created by
post-war consumerism has primarily been to burn it or bury it, in
hopes the problem will just go
But Toth believes present solutions are no longer effective
methods in either the short or long
"It is becoming increasingly
difficult to find new landfill sites
as most people don't want them in
their backyards."
Landfill problems do not end
after sites have been planned,
because the sites create a myriad
of difficulties once they are operating, said Toth.
The sight and smell of landfill
sites is unpleasant. Dumps are a
labour and capital intensive. And
in dense urban areas, land is expensive.
Sites that are not properly
maintained are a serious environmental concern, said Toth.
"If a site is not properly maintained, pollutants will creep into
the water table, eventually reaching the water table with the potential for re-entering the food chain,"
she said.
The crunch is near, even in
land-rich B.C. There are 236
landfill sites now, but within the
next decade over 60 per cent are
scheduled to close, a figure which
climbs to 90 per cent over the next
25 years.
A second method of garbage
disposal, incineration, also has its <
drawbacks, Toth said.
The problem, Toth said, is the
"poor screening of the garbage
going into the incinerator with the
result that nobody knows what
ends up in the atmosphere."
"Recycling looms no longer as
an option but rather a necessity,"
said Toth. Unfortunately, she
said, the public is only just becoming aware ofthe issue as an alternative.
In British Columbia only
Delta has a reasonable recycling
program, Toth said, and in Vancouver "the situation is depressing."
A study is underway in Van-
blight to the landscape, p'ovidirig^ couver but it is still at the fact-
a refuge to ravens and o*ner scav- Nfinding stage, while the provincial
engers. government has released a paper
Other oroblems a ve more con-    f n solid waste management.
crete, such ..vs the inc. easing cost of "Although it is a positive step
maintainingSltSSf which is both    much of it is redundant and it
Do you want this in your backyard?
appears that everyone is trying to
pass the buck," Toth said.
Governments and uncaring
corporations came in for most of
the blame for the poor state of
B.C.'s recycling effort in a free-for-
all at the end of Toth's presentation.
Toth outlined a four-point
plan she feels the public should
•be conscientious when shopping - don't buy aerosols or styro-
foam, and do reward environmen
tally conscious companies;
•start a compost pile, which
takes 20 per cent of trash out ofthe
waste cycle, and is also an excellent soil enricher;
•make yourself as knowledgeable as possible on the subject;
•lobby all three levels of government to express your concern,
and question corporate practices.
"In B.C. the problem is not as
imminent as (it is in) the eastern
U.S. and Canada where recycling
is becoming mandatory," but only
because B.C. has a higher ratio of
land to people.
But Toth does feel the situ
ation   is   moving   closer   to
Vancouver. Seattle has embarked
on a recycling program which has
already cut their solid waste vol
ume by 28 per cent. The program
includes cash incentives for busi
nesses who regularly sort their
garbage into the different recy
clable groups.
Attacking exploiters
Environmentalists practice ecotage
By Dale Enns
Even in these heady days of
conservatism, the spirit of Robin
Hood lives on in Earth First!, an
outlaw U.S. environmental movement.
Aspiring to "preserve nature
for nature's sake", as opposed to
saving it for human exploitation,
members of the group have been
willing to go beyond the law to
pursue their ends since 1980.
Unlike conventional environmentalists, who attempt to work
within the system through lobbying and peaceful demonstrations,
adherents of EF say environmental problems around the world
require more urgent measures to
ensure the planet's survival.
Members of EF promote acts
of sabotage, also known as ecotage, such as incinerating billboards, destroying machinery or
spiking trees in forests to preserve
the environment.
But UBC forestry professor
Harry Smith says EF is only a
fringe group of irresponsible anarchists whose actions should not be
tolerated. Spiking trees is distasteful and dangerous, he says.
"They violate the rights of
those cutting timber. Their intrusion is a real intrusion upon other
people's rights, which is very
wrong and unjustified regardless
of what ends they are pursuing."
Joan Bratty, president of
UBC's Environmental Interest
Group, says that while EF has not
been a constructive agent in the
environmental movement, she
does not rule out non-violent civil
disobedience as a viable option,
including tree-spiking as a last
"Civil disobedience is totally
necessary if directed at reasonable
targets in realistic, positive ways,"
she said.
Since EF members are willing
to work outside the system, Bratty
cannot deny the appeal and effectiveness of people who are unwilling to compromise on important
issues and who have good opportunity to raise grassroots support.
The protestors at South Moresby
are a case in point, she says.
"At South Moresby there was
a good outcry and increased public
education. And it didn't happen
because they took a rational argument to the government. You can
work within the system to some
extent, but youll soon be stonewalled."
Smith, however, doesn't support confrontation, saying it only
increases hard feelings. Instead,
Earth First: terrorist environmental group
he prefers movements that are
more "moderating, civilized and
reasonable," using "communication, cooperation and coordination" in efforts to resolve conflicting issues.
Both Smith and Bratty agree
that in Canada movements are
tending to become more moderate
because more people are aware of
the importance of environmental
Take Action
Against Accidents.
Call us First!
When you*re involved in an
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course of action in your best interest. For a free
consultation, call 873-8446.
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October 14,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 I      G      U      R
I   '-■     '.U-c
15 *ii
I Grease up your slide rule. Put fresh batteries in your calculator
You've got one minute to figure out what this Canadian equation is about. If you're
having trouble, consider becoming an English major
IJ_ J_M_U\/
October 14,1988 "7        z-
The Carmanah Valley contains the tallest known Sitka Spruce tree in Canada
National treasure escapes axe
Giant trees elude MacMillan Bloedel
By Kim Trainor
Environmentalists call it a
natural treasure, but the forest
industry calls it cold cash.
The Carmanah Valley, a
6,700 hectare area located on the
west coast of Vancouver Island,
contains some of the largest
Sitka spruce trees in Canada.
But to MacMillan Bloedel these
giant trees, which can reach
three meters in diameter and
can be seven hundred years old,
are worth up to $44,000 each
when logged.
MacBlo originally scheduled logging to begin in Carmanah in 2003. But in 1984 they
advanced their plans 15 years,
and by May of this year had
constructed a network of logging
roads that stretched to the edge of
the Carmanah drainage basin.
The Western Canada Wilderness Committee began to build
trails through the Carmanah to
increase public awareness of
MacBlo's activities, and ease access to the valley, accusing MacBlo
of attempting to sneak into the
valley before the public became
aware of the area's existence.
After MacBlo failed to placate
WCWC by offering to preserve a
token 99 hectares (1.4 per cent) of
the valley, the company sought an
injunction to stop WCWC's trail
building activities, accusing the
committee of building dangerous
trails and of "changing the land
The court ruled in favour of
the Wilderness Committee, stating that the tree farm licence
MacBlo holds does not give it exclusive rights to the area.
MacBlo could not bar public
access to crown land wilderness
areas, the judgement said.
MacBlo released its latest
plans for the Carmanah on October 6. It will now preserve 175
hectares, while designating an
additional 1,800 hectares as a
"special management area* that
will be logged slowly.
The preserved area includes the valley's major spruce
groves and the tallest known
Sitka spruce tree in Canada.
BC forests
Forester cites logging practices
Mark Wareing
By Catherine Lu
The human race must redefine its place on the planet, according to Mark Wareing, a forester
who is disillusioned by forestry
practices in B.C.
"As a culture, we seem to believe that the resources of the
planet are here for us to exploit,
that somehow we're the centre of
the universe,
and everything
is just here for
us to take," he
said yesterday
in a noon-hour
lecture sponsored by the En-
Interest Group.
stressed the
need to change
our cultural values, which he
said leads humankind to ignore the detrimental impact we have on the
While he recognized the production of forest products "is an
important part ofthe economy and
has to be maintained," he questioned the way we harvest those
Wareing, who is a member of
the Western Canada Wilderness
Committee, presented a slide
show demonstrating the long-
term devastation to B.C.'s steep
coastal hillsides caused by current
clear-cutting practices.
Soil erosion, which occurs
naturally, increases enormously
with clear-cutting and road-building, he said.
Steep mountain faces rely on
tree cover to maintain their soil
level, but when a range is clear-
cut, the soil loses its protection
from wind and precipitation.
The soil erodes so rapidly and
completely that the quick regeneration of forest becomes unlikely.
"The company line that clear-
cutting on the coast is a natural
way of regenerating the forest is
totally misleading," said Wareing.
"It is a colossal catastrophe."
However, Wareing believes
the major cause of soil erosion is
road-building, which disrupts
natural drainage patterns in the
Wareing noted companies
could harvest timber using selective systems and "still maintain
the integrity of the forest and
avoid erosion."
But the
industry does
not employ
more suitable methods
of logging
because it
"pictures a
short term
cost," Wareing said.
"What is
the  value  of
that        soil
that's   being
lost?"       he
asked.   "It's
not   given   a
value and it's not put into the
equation, so the answers you come
up with are wrong."
He said if this situation persists British Columbia may end up
looking like the Mediterranean, a
region covered in forest ten thousand years ago. "Human activity
has reduced it to desert and scrub
and a few pathetic trees," he said.
Other countries have policies
designed to prevent this outcome.
Wareing cited a system currently
practiced in Switzerland which, he
said, would be ideal for B.C.
coastal rainforests.
"The idea is to imitate nature,"
he said. "In natural systems, the
largest trees eventually fall down.
In the selection forest method, you
harvest them." This ensures permanent coverage on steep mountain slopes because the tree population is like a human one. As old
trees die they are replaced by new
Wareing said British Columbians have an opportunity to rediscover old ideas about "having
respect for the earth," which he
said is an essential value of indigenous cultures.
Dinner & Concert Studies
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Learn to have fun without guilt! Todays students
need to balance scholastic endeavors with Social pursuits. Enrol in this course by purchasing
AMSConcertticketsatFoggn'Suds. After a demanding
practicum of dinners and parties, graduation is marked
by a diploma ceremony and photos of students having
fun appearing in the Ubyssey paper.
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Rugby Oktoberfest Arawuripft, October 14
Halloween Barney B«_tall Armouries October 28
Idle Eyes Armouries October 29
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October 14,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 Nuclear winter
is imminent:
Mulroney ignores Arms Race.
By Rob Cameron
Canada's free trade deal with
the U.S. may push the
world closer to nuclear war, says
Pauline Jewitt.
The NDP MP spoke last week
at a conference sponsored by the
B.C. chapter of End the Arms
Jewett lashed out at Prime
Minister Brian Mulroney, accusing him of making "vacuous" statements and ignoring the arms race
in a Sept. 29 speech to the United
Mulroney   dismissed   the
arms race.
"East-west issues are in hand,"
he said, "leaving us free to devote
our attention to the twin challenges of poverty and the environment."
"The Prime Minister said not
a word about binary (chemical)
weapons.   Not a word about nu
clear non-proliferation," she said.
Under the terms of the trade
deal, Jewitt said, the Americans
could label Canadian funding of
environmental concerns "unfair
subsidies." The military and energy are the only two allowable
subsidies left under the deal's
terms, she said.
"The inevitable result must be
the further militarization of
Canada's economy," Jewitt said.
Jewitt said this process has
already started because Canada
has increased its exports of arms
and guidance systems for nuclear
missiles, while its guidelines for
such exports remain woefully inadequate.
"(Canada is) the ham in the
global sandwich," Jewitt said,
caught between the two superpowers.
"Nuclear war would be the ultimate environmental disaster,"
said Peter Ramsey ofthe Vancouver chapter of End the Arms Race,
speaking at the conference. "If we
don't bring a halt to the arms race,
there may not be much environment left to save."
Vancouverites should be especially worried about a nuclear
explosion—two new U.S. Navy
battle groups will soon be based in
Everett, Washington. Each group
has a nuclear-powered aircraft
carrier and a dozen support ships,
all capable of carrying nuclear
weapons. And the nuclear submarine facility at Bangor, Washington, is due for expansion.
These installations would be
prime targets in a nuclear war.
Radioactive fallout would make
the Lower Mainland uninhabitable for generations.
Even worse would be the effects of nuclear winter.
A study conducted in 1986 by
the Royal Society of Canada stated
that "even a small nuclear war
would cause a significant enough
difference in temperature to devastate agriculture" in Canada.
That devastation would occur
even if Canada escaped the effects
of radiation—which isn't likely to
happen, since many crucial US
military installations are located
close to the border.
"Canada's harsh climate and
short growing season make Cana
dian agriculture very sensitive to
climatic changes," the Royal Society report said. "We would be one
of the nations most heavily effected" by nuclear winter.
Nuclear winter refers to a
severe lowering of temperatures
on the Earth's surface, caused
when dust hurled high into the
atmosphere by nuclear explosions
blocks out the sun, and by smoke
and soot from burning cities, forests and fields.
Other experts say nuclear
winter could cause the extinction
of a majority ofthe plant and animal species on Earth, including
Artists capture vestiges of wilderness
By Wendy Waters
Throughout history artists
have painted the wilderness.
On cave walls, totem poles, musical intruments, canoes and canvas, they have captured the divine
beauty of the planet for all to
Now, many prominent B.C.
artists are aligning themselves
with environmentalists in an effort to preserve one of the few
remaining wilderness areas they
can paint.
In September, several groups
of artists visited the Stein Valley,
about 300 km northeast of Vancouver, near Lillooet. After flying
in to Stein Lake, or driving to the
mouth of the river, they spent
between one and three days capturing their incredible surroundings on canvas.
Every participating artist will
donate at least one original work
to an art show and sale to be held
November 15 to 18 at the Robson
Square Media Centre.
The event, organized by artist
Toni Onley and the Western Canada Wilderness Committee, has
been labeled "a success" by organizer Arne Hanson. Hanson said at
least 25 original paintings and
numerous prints will be sold.
Profits from painting sales will
be evenly divided between the
Western Canada Wilderness
Committee and Stein Rediscovery, a camp in the Stein where
young people learn about wilderness, native legends and survival
The Wilderness Committee,
an environmental organization
that aims at "conservation
through education," will put the
proceeds towards its campaign to
preserve the Stein Valley.
The expedition had its exciting
moments. Twelve people including three television crews were
forced to spend an unexpected
night at Stein Lake when a blizzard grounded their float plane.
Several people slept in the plane.
Participating artists are Leon
Bibb, Taki Bluesinger, Audrey
Capel-Doray, Victor Doray, Joe
Pleskett, Arnold Shives. Takao
Tanabe, Carol Thompson, Jim
Eiller, Soug Morton, Don Harvey,
and Susana Blunt.
Artists who were unable to
visit the Stein but who are donating work to the auction are Sam
Black, Wendy Dobereiner, Robert
Genn, Don Jarvis, Jack Shadbolt,
Gordon Smith, Sylvia Tait, Jack
Wise and Alan Wood.
DcuUj   10-3
Conversation Pit   *   DcuUj I !'• 30 - h 20
Monday Oct 17 : MADP, SaUyQribbU
Tuesday Oct \&- 3C ADP, Don Juris
WdMsday Oct 19,• RCMP speaker
Thursday Oct 20= AA/NAspmters
Friday Oct 21= VBC Sports MidkwOimc MD
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October 14,1988 Holes in ozone layer
increase radiation
By Wendy Waters
I went into the bathroom—it was my
turn at last to take a shower. We had
cycled from Jasper to Whistler, finishing
with a 100-km stretch of gravel on Duffy
Lake Road.
I needed a hot shower.
I took off my bike shorts and dropped
them to the floor. Glancing in the mirror, I
noticed my legs had a distinct horizontal
strip of sunburn and tan from the ankles to
just above my knees. My legs were their
usual near fluorescent white above my
knees—which my shorts had covered.
... high levels of radiation
would kill almost every
organism on the planet.
The contrast shocked me. I had not
been exposed to that much sun. It had
rained a lot on this trip and had been cold.
I wore cycling tights most of the time and
whenever I had shorts on, I applied sunscreen on exposed areas. My sunscreen is a
waterproof number 29 sunblock which
means it has 29 times the normal protection.
The sun had seemed more powerful,
hot and strong than I remembered. Perhaps, I realized, this is a sign of things to
come and evidence that scientists are right
about the consequences of our atmosphere's
depleting ozone layer.
The ultra thin ozone layer protects us
from the sun's harmful rays. Without it,
high levels of radiation would kill almost
every organism on the planet.
Already the rates of skin cancer are
rising—evidence of a disappearing ozone
layer. Several years from now, the number
of cases could be astronomical: the millions
of summer sun worshippers today may be
patients with mutated skin cells tomorrow.
Sunblocks may become useless, and
distinct burn lines from skin exposure may
become commonplace.
At present there are holes in the ozone
layer over the Antarctic and Arctic. These
holes may enlarge in the months and years
to come. If this happens, food crops would
stop growing due to increased solar radia
tion and cause massive global famines.
The average sunblock of the near future could be number 102. New summer
fashion fads could be bodies covered with
fluorescent coloured sunblocking Zinca.
No one knows what will happen—there
is only speculation, but very little of it is
good news.
Depletion of the ozone layer is caused
by chemical emissions into the earth's
atmosphere. The primary problem is gas
emission from chlorofluorocarbons. Products hke styrofoam, aerosol spray cans, and
refrigerant gases create harmful chemical
compounds which are released into the
atmosphere either by their production,
usage, or destruction. Interaction of CFC's
with the ozone layer causes ozone molecules
to break down, reducing its protective capability.
The products created that emit these
gases are unnecessary. Cardboard and
other more natural products could replace
styrofoam. Aerosol cans are not a necessity
for life, and there are new refrigerant gases
less harmful to the environment.
But old ones must be carefully disposed of. Industry must make a conscious
effort to stop chlorofluorcarbon production
immediately. Consumers should avoid
products packed in styrofoam. Governments and industry must cease CFC production. Some say it may be too late to
reverse the damage already done, but our
lives and the life of our planet are worth an
The possibility of a sunburned planet is
one that we must face. Consequent problems must be addressed now so we will be
well prepared to face them. How will our
agricultural base cope? How will the oceans
and the food supply therein survive? What
are the most effective ways to prevent skin
cancer? What are the best treatment methods? We need to know the answers now, .
before the solutions become critically im- ,
My sunburned legs made me think of
what is happening to the planet. Reflections
of that trip were rarely of hot sunny days.
How did I manage to get so branded from
the sun? This is a question many may soon
be asking themselves.
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Environmental activists
stand on guard for thee
By Greg Davis
In the face of many environmental threats worldwide, groups of
people have organized to prevent further damage or to increase
awareness of the problems.
Methods employed by various groups range from direct action by
the Friends of Strathcona, who camp out in trees to prevent logging, to
organizations that launch petitions or write letters.
Two groups that are committed to the preservation and correct use
of the environment are Greenpeace and The Western Canada Wilderness Committee. While Greenpeace is often involved in more publicity
campaigns, WCWC concentrates on researching issues and publishing
Greenpeace took a boat, the Beluga, down the St. Lawrence and up
the Saguanay river to draw attention to the plight of Beluga whales.
Identifying the Alcan plant at Jonquiere, Quebec, as a large source of
toxic pollution, they hung a banner across the plant's chimney.
"As a direct consequence of that action the company admitted the
waste was harming the whales," said Simon Waters, Greenpeace's
direct action coordinator.
"The major cause of Beluga death is the sewage in the Great Lakes
as a whole. Alcan was a polluter, but not the sole cause," Waters said.
The group's efforts, along with other environmental groups, have
led to the establishment of a marine park in the St. Lawrence.
A more provocative approach of direct action was taken in New
York in early September, when a group of Greenpeacers prevented a
barge from dumping toxic sewage. They hung banners off a bridge,
preventing the boat's passage. The event received national media
Some people criticize the sensationalist methods Greenpeace may
employ, but Waters said the most dramatic activity gets the most
"We find if we write just a report, it will get buried on page 74 (of
a newspaper). If we do a dramatic action it's on page one, and hopefully
the issues will get attention along with the event."
Another environmental crisis that has caused much controversy in
B.C. is forestry. The WCWC is well respected in the environmental
community for its work in this area.
"We are not in any way against logging, but it must be done at a
sustainable level. Present logging in B.C is way beyond this level," said
Ken Lay, director ofthe committee.
Through promoting public education and scientific research, the
WCWC contributes its wilderness knowledge to public, corporate and
political arenas.
"We are realists who believe in balancing the economy and wilderness," Lay said.
Work Study Positions available!!!
The Ubyssey has two work-study positions to fill:
1. Typist (approx. 8 hours per week)
2. Archivist (approx. 4-6 hours per week)
Please see work-study placement officer at Employment Centre
Information Presentation
If you are contemplating attendance at Law School
at Victoria or elsewhere in the fall of 1989, come to
an information presentation hosted by Professor
Lyman Robinson, Chairman of the Admissions
1989 Admissions packages and LSAT Applications
will be available.
Brock Hall 106
Thursday, 20 October, 1988
at 10:45 a.m.
October 14,1988 PERSPECTIVE
Mistreatment has to stop
By Andrea Finch
Reflections in the media testify to
humankind's reckless attitude toward the planet as a whole. Acid rain,
drought, beached medical waste containing
the AIDS virus, the greenhouse effect,
famine and poverty are all related tragedies, if only in their reflection of
humankind's mistreatment of the natural
They are all part ofthe general "downward spiral" in the progress of our society.
The term "greenhouse effect" is now a
household phrase, and items on the depletion of the ozone layer are now common in
daily newspapers.
The news seems to be going from bad to
worse, and many agree that it is almost too
late to recover from the damage done. Yet no
one appears to be proposing any concrete
solutions, let alone actually doing anything
about these so-called urgencies. This leads
to the assumption that they aren't really
that urgent.
The ultimate danger is that people will
come to view the loss of the Brazilian rain
forest, or the precarious storage of hazardous wastes, as benign concerns—a public
fad to be ignored unless it hits their backyards. The environment will fade away
from the public and political eye.
Public involvement is the solution. It is
simply a question of common sense, planning, and the implementation of a new age,
old fashioned idea now called sustainable
Governments and international organizations now support the concept. In
1982, the United Nations commissioned a
group of experts and political leaders to
collect information through public hearings. Their mandate was to report on the
state of global economic and environmental
problems, and to call for solutions.
The Commission found problems much
more serious than anyone expected. Poverty in Lesser Developed Countries (LDC's)
and over-exploitation of resources in More
Developed Countries (MDC's) combine to
threaten the preservation of global environmental systems. In their 1987 report, entitled Our Common Future, the Commission warned of dangers posed by environmental degradation. They noted its link to
malfunctioning economies, and undertook
to create viable solutions:
First, environmental stresses are
linked to each other. Second, environmental stresses and patterns of economic
development are linked to each other. Thus
agricultural policies may lie at the root of
land, water, and forest degradation. Energy
policies are associated with the global
greenhouse effect, with acidification, and
with deforestation for fuel wood in many
developing nations. These stresses all
threaten economic development. Thus economics and ecology must be completely
integrated in the decision-making and law
making processes. This is not just to protect
the environment, but also to promote development. (Our Common Future, p.37-38).
An example of the general problems
approached by the Commission is the link
between poverty and environment. In
LDC's, the poor are forced to exploit their
surrounding ecosystems in order to clear
land for farming, or cut "forests of wood" for
cooking fuel, and so poverty and environmental degradation are caught together in
a vicious circle.
Our Common Future also deals with
general solutions, such as cancellation of
debt for LDC's, which would alleviate the
economic pressure borne by them.
Canada, though having environmental problems of its own, continues to be
heavily involved in foreign environmental
Many MDC's like Canada have yet to
acknowledge the severity of their own
environment's state, and thus do not address the problem. Though MDC's are more
willing to accept the call to global environmental improvement, there have not been
any immediate, practical solutions.
Solutions involve change and compromise from all sides. None of these proposals,
however, are unpalatable when placed next
to breathing in toxic waste, or watching yet
another series of lakes die from acid rain.
Some immediate solutions for sustainable development are obvious and simple,
while others require more effort to implement. On an individual level, we can take
steps toward living "sustainable" lives—
that is, controlling our actions so that they
do not, to the best of our knowledge, harm
the environment.
Proposed solutions:
-Getting information: Our Common Future
researches the issues surrounding sustainable development. Individuals can apply it
to their own lifestyles.
-Recycle: It is easy to set up an in-home
recycling system for most materials, including glass, paper, cardboard, metal, and
motor oil (organic waste can be composted).
You have now contributed in two ways to
improving your environment—by decreasing the amount of land used by excess garbage, and by reducing the need for use of
primary resources. Ultimately, this does
not mean a loss of our much-revered production levels, but instead a shift to production of recycled materials.
-Clean up: Replace hazardous household
chemicals in cleaners and detergents with
environmentally safe substitutes. Try biodegradable soap, and use vinegar and
ammonia for basic household cleaning.
-Be a responsible consumer: Limit your use
and purchase of product known to be harm
ful to the environment. Many styrofoam
and aerosol products contain chlorofluoro-
carbons, chemical compounds which are
partly responsible for the hole in the ozone
-Drive less: Exhaust fumes are a major part
of local air pollution (which recently
reached hazardous levels in the Vancouver
area for those with heart problems). Form
car pools when possible, use clean public
transit more, or use "muscle power"!
-Research your investments: Ensure that
the programs to which you give aid and the
stocks in which you invest comply with the
theme of sustainable development.
-Get involved: do whatever you can to inform and encourage other including your
local and national political leaders. Vote for
governments at all levels which practice
sustainable development.
Forest management needs intelligence
By Ed Pang
I am writing to express my concern for
the future of B.C. forests, forestry and tourism. I'm concerned with the unhindered
logging of our coastal forests. Having travelled along the shores of the Queen Charlotte Islands and the West Coast of Vancouver Island, I have seen too many views
marred by expanses of denuded forests.
These images bring to my mind two
questions: Whatis the likelihood of recovery
in these areas? And what measures are
being taken to ensure that the B.C. experience is not diminished by these eyesores for
both residents and non-residents alike?
Many of the slopes that are logged on
our fiorded coastline are extremely steep.
They are difficult to replant and the soil
washes away easily, leading to other prob
lems such as riverine fisheries. The clear-
cut plains occurring on these slopes reveal
very little signs of recovery because the
physical impact is too extensive.
Visually the impact is stunning as well.
All around Meares Island, inside Nootka
Sound on the West Coast and up to Graham
Island and northern South Moresby in the
Queen Charlotte Islands, visitors are constantly reminded of large-impact logging.
B.C. is known throughout the world for
its magnificent scenery and abundant wildlife. But these qualities are tied together by
a third quality — that much ofthe province
is still pristine. If we continue to tum B.C.'s
accessible and scenic areas into clear-cut
plains we will be diminishing our other
renewable resource — tourism.
It may be crass to suggest that those
concerned about the B.C. experience should
implement the strategy used by our highway ministry where strips of forest are left
alongside major corridors to conceal logging
scars, but if we are serious about cultivating
tourism as a resource then we should realize that logging should not occur in those
places valued by travellers.
Hand in hand with this is the concept of
sustainable development in forestry. If we
want our forest resources to continue we
should realize that clear-cutting and wood
wastage should also not occur. This is not to
say that I want to curtail logging in B.C. as
some people within the forestry community
would like everyone to believe about environmentalists.
The simple equation of logging versus
jobs does not hold water any longer. More
important factors are careful planning between the environment and the forest ministry and industry, and the intelligent sustainable use of our forests.
What needs to happen to set the stage
for healthy forest and tourism industries is
for the people of B.C. to decide what they
want in the long term. We need to realize
that clear-cutting, wood wastage and logging in valued areas are all clear symptoms
of a short-term forest industry which compromises the future.
At present Clayquot Sound and Carmanah Creek are two forest issues on B.C.'s
West Coast. They are part of a continuing
effort to save some of the more spectacular
coastline we are blessed with. I urge concerned readers to write and contribute to
the issue.
ITtom BfaBHHlEB___HlB
Hillel' s Famous
Hot Ldngh
Featuring Fettucini a la Hillel
Tuesday, October 18th, 12:30 pm
Jewish Topics - led by Dr. Mordehai Wosk, Hillel Director
Wednesday, October 19th, 12:30 pjn.
Bring your lunch
Hebrew Class on Thursday, October 20,12:30 p.m.
For more information: 224-4748
Hillel House is located across from SUB and behind Brock Hall
-Learn to express yourself directly and without apology
-Overcome your own obstacles to assertive behavior
-Practice through role-playing and discussion with other
DATES:    Tuesdays, October 25, Nov. 1,8,1988
TIME:       12:30-2:30 p.m.
PLACE:    Brock Hall, Room 106A
Pre-registration required at
Office for Women Students, Brock 203
Enquiries: 228-2415
Become a
UNICEF Volunteer
Actress and Unicef Volunteer
Unicef Canada &)
1-800-268-6364 Environment
not a fad
As we race into the 21st century surrounded by disposable diapers, jet airplanes
and space defence systems, the 20th century
threatens to engulf us. Continuing deforestation, desertification and toxification of our
air, land and seas has grossly scarred the face
of our planet. Once a place of infinite beauty
and terrifying diversity, Earth greets the
future with a bleak mask.
Did this happen overnight? It would seem
from the current fanfare all three political
parties are giving to environmental issues
that the Earth did indeed lose its splendour in
the blink of an eye. Undoubtedly, politicians
woke up one day and found polls that said the
primary concern ofthe majority of Canadians
was the health of this planet. Undoubtedly,
our leaders did not develop a sense of environmental conscience from noticing the bitter
taste of the air in some parts of the country,
the bald mountains, the dead fish in dead
lakes, the stench of waste, or the absence of
the universe's natural lights, the stars, above
the city at night.
If they did, they would have acted a long
time ago.
To paraphrase Shakespeare, the fault,
dear Canadians, is not solely in our political
leaders, but also in ourselves. We are too
bound by indifference to act on our concerns.
Just as politicians have jumped on the environmental bandwagon with empty hearts,
so some of that 'majority of Canadians' have
also welcomed this trend only to abandon it
when another cause emerges, which they no
doubt will pursue with the same passion.
We are haunted by the past injustices we
have committed against the planet and, ultimately, ourselves.
Of course, we can change. Right now. As
citizens of Canada, shouldn't we urge our
leaders to adhere to another "free trade"
Free the planet (and ourselves): trade ignorance.
October 14,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bythe Alma MaterSociety
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
Joan Bratty could not believe her eyes as she saw Ian Jack
and Deanne Fisher pour three oil barrels of green sludge
from Lake Ontario into the Fraser River. Katherine Monk
looked up briefly from her terminal to announce to Chris
Weisinger and Mandel Ngan that she was bound for Montreal, and that meant that Joe Altwasser, Laura Busheikin
and Robert Cameron could finish up her stuff while she took
off for the airport. Cathy Lu and Alex Johnson noticed
Katherine's airport dash, and asked Ted Aussem and Greg
Davis whether our City Editor would be back before production on Monday. Robert Groberman assured them that all
would be well, except that Wendy Waters and Dale Enns
would be without spell-check and thesaurus modes. Ed
Pang sighed with relief as he saw his name comingup at the
end ofthe masthead, and neither was Andrea Finch forgotten. All settled down for a long winter's nap, with a glass
of chlorofluorocarbons and a whiff of gamma radiation.
city desk-
Deanne Fisher
Robert Qroberman
Katherine Monk
Mandel Ngan
Chris Wleslnger
Well dear professor, WE have noticed the importance of
environment years before those damn voters.
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but It is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.	
Mayor replies
to allegations
in article
Re: Article, "City Suites
Threatened by Mayor," September 23rd, 1988.
If David Levi and Ian
Reid were taking a course at
U.B.C., they would fail.
They would fail because
they just don't do their
homework. Compounding
this deficiency is a predilection to fictional narratives.
These are the facts.
Evictions will not start immediately upon completion
of the Secondary Suite Poll
this Fall. The results ofthe
Poll will determine priorities for a further neighbourhood review by which
residents - not politicians -
will decide if they want to
legalize suites in their
neighbourhoods. If residents decide that they want
suites closed, there will be a
ten year phase out program
to allow tenants and landlords to make other arrangements.
Council will continue to
insist on health and safety
standards for suites. Ifyou
live in an illegal suite, you
are not protected under the
Landlord and Tenant Act.
This Council cares about
single moms, the elderly
and the students who are
utterly vulnerable in illegal
suites. As for Mr. Reid's
sophomoric logic on the
University Endowment
Lands, he should know better. He should know that
Council has called for the
preservation of the U.E.L.
He should know we are
working with the Greater
Vancouver Regional District to secure it as a Regional Park. The truth is,
Mr. Reid does know the
council's position.  He does
United Church comes
to grips with sexuality issue
I would like to clarify a comment made by UBC
president David Strangway in The Ubyssey on September 13.
Dr. Strangway says, in reference to the Board of
Governors' decision to deny the use of UBC facilities to
the Gay Games, that "even the United Church can't
come to grips with it (homosexuality).*
The United Church has, in fact, come to grips with
"the issue" and at present is suffering the consequences
of such a decision. Included among the statements made
by the United Church of Canada at the 32nd General
Council held in Victoria last August were the following:
"we confess before God that as a Christian community,
we have participated in a history of iiyustice and persecution against gay and lesbian persons in violation of
the Gospel of Jesus Christ."
"that the 32nd General Council urge the appropriate
Divisions and Courts of the church to take action to
address the Church's participation in oppression of
people on the basis of sexual orientation."
"that the 32nd General Council urge all levels of government in Canada to guarantee and ensure that the
human rights of their gay and lesbian inhabitants are
fully protected by law...and urge all courts, congregations and appropriate divisions ofthe United Church of
Canada to become active in support of human rights for
lesbians and gay people."
Coming to such a decision has been, and continues
to be, an agonizing experience for many in the United
Church. I do not believe, however, that it can be said
that we haven't come to grips with it.
Brad Newcombe
United Church Chaplain, UBC
know the G.V.R.D.'s position. He chose to tell you
People who aspire to
elected office must be fair,
balanced and factual. Levi
and Reid clearly do not
understand these responsibilities. They are more concerned with generating
headlines and frightening
people than they are with
laying out the facts and discussing public policy. I
would suggest that the electorate send these two candidates back to school if for
nothing else than to complete a course in ethics.
Gordon Campbell
City of Vancouver
It would seem that
Maureen Scott and Doug
Hopwood are quite ignorant
about other forestry students. This must stem from
their desire to take offence
to something, whether real
or imaginary.
First, the sexist slogans
written on Omar were
against both sexes. Ifs just
that you get more attention
when you complain about
sexist attitudes against
women, don't you Maureen?
Also, although I may not
agree with all ofthe slogans
written on Omar, they are
not serious.    By the way
Maureen, how did you read
the sexist bit into my original letter. It only dealt with
some people's hypersensitivities. Although you obviously suffer from the same
problem, don't use it to insult me by insinuating that I
am sexist.
Secondly, Maureen and
Doug seem to think that
there are only a few forestry
students who care about the
environment—that isa load
of crap. There are two kinds
of environmentalists, the
first of which are idealists.
These people go and listen to
a person like David Suzuki
and eat up everything he
has to say just because he is
David Suzuki. Well, unfortunately Suzuki (as an example) can therefore only
put across only one side of an
issue andhave people takeit
as law. Let alone, some of
these people would have
B.C. turned into a park.
Sure, it would be beautiful
but where are we all going to
work and live? Consider the
fact that the forest industry
provides livings for most
people in this province.
Now, foresters would
like to see more parks as
well. They also have to provide wood products for this
province (think of how you
would get through the day
without using something
derived from wood), and
ensure a renewable resource for our descendants.
Foresters must therefore be
realists. This is why we
don't like to take abuse from
people who don't fully know
what they're talking about.
So we make fun of them by
writing slogans like "shear
Meares" and "stumps forever" on Omar. But the stupid idiots take it seriously!!
Obviously they ran short
when they were handing out
senses of humour.
Dave Christie
Forest Harvesting 3
October 14,1988 Wake up Rec
Fac Foe!
Hey Wilfred (The Ubyssey, Sept. 27) wake up and
take a deep breath of reality!
Tm (1) not wealthy, (2) not
titled, (3) from the interior,
and (4) not too impressed
with your close minded
judgement of the proposed
new recreation centre. Why
not lift your head out of the
books for a few hours and go
out and see what this university has to offer. Academic growth does not only
come from a reasonable
grasp ofthe material in textbooks and lectures, it requires an open mind and an
educated insight into this
complex world we temporarily occupy.
Participation in activities with others, recreational activities included, is
one way to develop this open
mind and insight. Aside
from obvious benefits from
recreational activity (increased energy, better concentration), it is a great way
to meet other students with
different backgrounds and
The UBC intramural
program, arguably one of
the best university intramural programs in Canada and
one ofthe many future users
of the new facility, provides
an incredibly varied number of activities to expand
your physical, social and
mental horizons.
And guess what Wilf,
the students that participate in these activities are
just as broke as the rest of
us. Anyone currently participating in intramural
events is all too aware ofthe
chronic shortage of space
that is preventing the program from meeting student
demand. We need the new
centre and the AMS should
be applauded for having the
insight to provide facilities
for future students.
Greg Tereposky
Law 2
AMS lauded
for Rec Fac
Why, why, why, do
people like Andrew Stevenson insist on politicizing a
straight-forward issue like
the referendum on the pro-
Rec Fac financial folly
I am compelled to comment on the upcoming referendum on the student support for the new recreation
facility. My concerns are many, but I think two points
are so important that on their basis alone no student can
support this referendom in good conscience.
Firstly, there already exists on campus an example
ofthe porcine greed ofthe university in using student
funding to provide recreation facilities for student's
use—the pool. The student body suffered an increase in
student activities to pay, in part, for the cost of building
the aquatic center. Now that the aquatic center is operational we, the students, must pay to use it. I recognize that the university, in its benevolence has set aside
certain hours ofthe day for _ l._iient use, but for those of
us who work in order t. pay oufcfees often find those
hours prohibitively in'.onvienient\ If students have so
short a n cmory that chey are not galled to the point of
nauseab} ■ the idea r /contributing riore money to a fetid,
parasitic a^a_u»»_ oration for something like this they
deserve what they get.
My second point is a question of figures. The article
in the Ubyssey describing the referendum states that
the facility will cost $20 million of which 20% will come
from student activity fees in the form of a $30 levy on
every student for ten years. The university calender
lists the university enrollment as 33,950. 33,950 students times $30, times 10 years equals $10,185,000,
over 50% ofthe cost ofthe facility. I for one would hke
to know what the administration has planned with the
rest ofthe money.
All things considered, any students that vote in
favor ofthe referendum needs their oil checked.
Steve Katz
Grad. Studies.
posed recreation centre? By
signing his letter in the
Ubyssey "NDP Club Member" he attempts to add a
level of partisanship which
is unneccessary, unhelpful
and innapropriate to the
debate over this student
In the first place the
Recfac is not some frivolous
"multi-million dollar
bauble" as Mr. Stevenson
contends. The most used
student service at this University is our world-class
Intramural program. Literally thousands and thousands of students participate in it's programs each
year. Every day Intramurals is forced to turn away
individuals and teams who
want to participate but can
not due to the desperate
shortage of gym and field
When compared with
other universities our recreation facilities at UBC
come up short. For example
Carleton, with half our enrollment, has over double
the fitness equiptment,
three times as many squash
courts, and nearly double
the gym space.
As to Mr. Stevenson's
remark that the centre will
only serve "future West Vein
jocks", well that was just
plain silly. For one thing
this is arecreation facility as
opposed to an athletic
centre. If approved the
complex will include dance
studios, play care, concert
hall, meeting rooms and
much needed club space. In
the mean time our Varsity
athletes will benefit from
better access to War Memorial Gym.
If the facility isn't built
"West Van jocks" (your
words) will continue to buy
expensive memberships to
Olympic Fitness and Ron
Zalko's while those students
with lesser means will continue to scramble to find
space in UBC's increasingly
over-crowded facilities.
In my opinion we
should applaud the students who had the foresight
and diligence to push for
this referendum. Sure everything won't be perfect in
academia once it's built, but
for $25 we're getting a hell of
a bargain.
Douglas Eastwood
Law 2
AMS hack says
Rec Fac free
It is my personal belief
that a few ofthe more vocal
detractors of the RecFac do
not have their facts correct
and I'd like to take this opportunity to clarify some
points. First off, they seem
to believe the center will be
restricted to rich kids. For
instance, Andrew Stevenson claims that the facility
will be a place where "West
Van jocks can have an indoor track." This is a fallacy.
If it is for this reason that
students oppose RecFac,
they should realize that
students will not have to pay
for using the facilities.
As a consequence, it
will be a place where the
"poor students" of UBC will
be able to play raquetball,
squash, or simply shoot
some hoops. On the other
hand, if the students were to
vote against the RecFac,
those who cannot afford
memberships to a local recreation center will not have
access to this type of facility.
This would not upset the
rich kids, who would still
have access to the country
clubs which they already
have memberships in.
Do not, however, get the
impression that this is only
a sports complex. This
RecFac proposal would also
include a concert hall, martial arts and dance studios,
an area for dances, and club
offices. The university at
present does not have the
room to keep up with all the
activities the student populace expects their student
councils to coordinate. The
student body needs this
building, or else they will
lose out on valuable (and
cheap) social activities.
Another point is that
$20 a year is not going to
make a substantial difference to an individual's financial situation. If they
were to take $2.50 a month
from their beer fund, it
would pay itself off over the
school year. I do not buy the
fact that there is in fact such
a "large population of underfunded students at this university" who could not afford
Ken Armstrong
AMS rep., Arts
Enough is enough
I would like to encourage everyone to vote against
the proposed AMS sports facility. I feel that all of us who
enjoy the SUB field for picnicing or relaxing will sadly
lose. I also think that we pay enough athletic fees,
especially after the increase last year. Finally, I am disturbed by the process in which the AMS has sprung
complete architectural plans upon us, with no prior
notification of these plans to the UBC community.
I am primarily disturbed with this proposal because
I think the sub field serves many purposes—most importantly it is the central "green space" on campus. During
nice days we all may go picnic, or throw a frisbee around,
or whatever on this field. The value the field has for us
in this way should not be underestimated. The present
plans, which remain poorly publicized, seem to place a
fence or bleachers around this field. It's my fear, given
past experiences in these matters, that this field will be
prohibited to the above uses and reserved for athletic or
intramural teams. Even so, are you going to want to eat
your lunch within fences?
Over the last six summers, graduate students have
played softball in an informal league. These games are
a great source of pleasure to over 400 participants. We
have continually had problems booking fields, in fact the
only field we haven't had trouble using is Maclnnes field.
If this facility is built, we can all bet that it will be unavailable to us. I encourage all the grad students who
were involved with softball to remember our difficulties
and respond to this new development.
This softball league is an example of recreational
activity which has a very different flavour than the
intramural and athletic programs at UBC. There are a
great many of us who prefer to just play ball for the fun
of it without the registration fees, tournaments, uniforms and referees of intramural sports. If the motivation for this facility is to encourage greater participation
in sports then ironically it will do the opposite. It will
remove the place on campus where people play for enjoyment and exercise, at any time, needing no resources
from the university or AMS.
I would hke to turn now to matters of athletic fees.
With my tuition I currently pay$39 AMS fees, $37 athletic fees, and $25 grad student society fees, plus a few incidentals. This is plenty. In fact only last year the
athletic fee was raised by the board of governors, in direct
contravention of a long standing agreement between the
university and the AMS that only the AMS is empowered
to raise athletic fees. During the last year, as reported by
The Ubyssey, the athletic department has given questionable accounting of these new fees. And now we're
asked again to give money to athletics, this time put forward as intramurals. I am surprized at how politicians
rely on the poor memories of their constituents.
Finally, it is disturbing that the AMS has generated
a complete proposal.including architectural model, without keeping us informed about this project's development. Why hasn't there been continual notification ofthe
ongoing ofthe committee which planned this thing in The
Ubyssey? Why is the information we've been given so
contradictory (Maclnnes field will not be lost" -Competition magazine, yet in the model there's clearly a fence
around it)? In addition, none ofthe present AMS officers
specifically proposed building this facility when they ran
for office yet now we are treated to completed plans. This
is the biggest proposal ofthe AMS in the last many years
and it appears to us out of thin air.
I encourage everyone in the UBC community to vote
against this facility. It will limit all of us who enjoy a
grass field, and it involves an unreasonable fee increase
especially in light of past athletic fee increases.
Ed Wishow
Grad Studies
Work Study Positions available!!!
The Ubyssey has two work-study positions to fill:
1. Typist (approx. 8 hours per week)
2. .Archivist (approx. 4-6 hours per week)
Please see work-study placement officer at Employment Centre
Just Minutes Off Campus - For Fun Every
Night. Throw Darts or Simply Enjoy Yourself.
Play Sports orTrivia onour Satellite System throughout
the Week...You compete with other players here and
across all of North America while comfortably sitting in
our Bar & Grill.
Bertolt Brecht's
October 6-23
2 for 1 Pre\ lews: Oct. 3.4 & 5
'ties - Sat S pm/2 for 1 Sun. 3 & 8 pm
Reservations: 324-5227
Vancouver ( ommunitv College
Lan«ara Campus. 100 \V.49lh Ave
OOOpttThe Ubyssey made some m_flta_.es in the article
"American student journalists challenge racism suspension*
(Page 9, 3epL30Kl). Professor Cole's first name ia Bill, not
Peter. (2.) The photo <_TCole ia by Larry Crowe. (3.)Th* argument wu 10 minutes after Cole's lecture had ended, not
durii* the class itself, aa is implied. (4.) Dartmouth College
representatives attribute the suspension ofthe studenta primarily to their conduct in the incident with Cole, and not with
allegations of Beview ream.
Office For Women Students Presents:
Free Workshops To
Increase Skills
Dates:   Thursdays, Oct. 20, Oct. 27,
Nov. 3,1988
Time:    12:30 -1:30 p.m.
Place:   Buchanan B212
Enquiries: 228-2415 Brock Hall 203
§ on tne
Dial a
For Memui Details
October 14,1988
Free traders ignore
environmental costs
By Joan Bratty
Modern economic theory is
often criticized for its inability to
incorporate environmental costs
into efficiency calculations. With
the Free Trade Agreement, however, the theoretical steamroller is
out of control.
The same Conservative government which endorsed the
Brundtland Report — a report
which emphasizes the interdependence of environment and
economy—asserts that free trade
is an economic deal and therefore
has nothing to do with the environment. This blatant refusal to recognize the environmental implications of the deal indicates both
lack of respect for the intelligence
of Canadian voters, and an inconsistency which smacks of opportunism.
In 1987, the Conservative
government endorsed the concept
of sustainable development.
"Environmental considerations. ..must be made integral to
economic policy making and planning and a required element of any
economic development proposal,"
said a report from the Council of
Resource and Environment Ministers.
Analysis of the environmental implications of free trade
by non-partisan government
groups from across Canada, summarized by the Canadian Environmental Law Association,
•Canadian efforts to control
acid rain will be undermined.
Because U.S. law enforces lower
acid gas pollution standards, and
has consistently resisted efforts to
solve the acid rain problem by
reducing sulphur dioxide emissions, harmonization of standards
will mean pressure on Canada to
relax pollution standards;
•pressure on the Canadian
forest industry will increase, hindering progress toward sustainable forest management;
•efforts to solve problems of
household and hazardous waste
disposal will be hampered because
U.S. companies will be able to
challenge Canadian laws aimed at
reducing the amount of waste
produced and encouraging recycling. For example, packaging
accounts for thirty per cent of our
waste stream, but attempts to
reduce this volume through recyclable, reusable or biodegradable
packaging could meet stiff oppos-
tion from plastics manufacturers;
•an increase in pesticide licensing will introduce a flood of
unnecessary and harmful chemicals to the Canadian environment;
•exploitation of non-renewable resources, particularly in the
energy sector, will accelerate in
order to supply the U.S.'s guaranteed proportional share, as Canadian consumption increases;
•pressures on agriculture
will increase, threatening our food
self-sufficiency and resulting in
even worse soil degradation and
air and water pollution as farmers
are forced to maximize short-term
profit at the expense of the environment and long-term productivity.
The water issue has been the
most publicized of the potential
environmental impacts ofthe Free
Trade Agreement. The government has repeatedly said water is
not included in the pact.
Any Canadian law banning
water diversions is useless, for
Canadian law does not override
the trade agreement. Under international law, such unilateral action will not alter the provisions of
a bilateral agreement.
Federal Environment Minister
Vancouver Sun reporter talks with representatives of Citizens Concerned about Free trade. They claim that
The Sun is withholding information on Free trade, and not giving both sides of the story.
Tom McMillan's assurance that
the FTA "does not oblige either
country to sell anything to the
other, least of all water" is
grounded in the questionable
premise that Canada will retain
political autonomy after free trade
takes effect.
Like any other natural resource, water is subject to the
provisions ofthe FTA. Large-scale
exports of Canadian water will be
possible unless natural water is
exempted within the text of the
agreement itself. But the government refuses to do this, although
exclusions for beer and logs were
Climactic change is expected
to convert much of productive U.S.
agriculture into a virtual desert,
and ever- increasing demand for
dwindling supplies of unpolluted
water makes it a scarce commod
ity of high value. It is not surprising that schemes are afoot to divert water from north to south.
The most well-known of these
is the "Grand-Canal" project
which would make James Bay a
fresh water lake by damming its
exit into Hudson's Bay, and then
sending the water south to the
mid-west by canal. A series of
nuclear reactors would be needed
to pump the water up and over the
Canadian Shield.
The answer to enviromental
concerns over free trade must lie
in the criteria used by negotiators
and decision-makers. Despite
their declared intentions, the government has not integrated environmental considerations into decision-making at the highest level.
Is it any wonder that chief Canadian trade negotiator Simon Reis-
man is an advocate of the Grand
Canal scheme? In his own words
— shortly before his appointment
as trade negotiator — "The fact is
that countries look after their
national interests to the extent
that they are capable of doing so,
and when the devil drives, watch
out. Sooner or later the U.S. is
going to go after our water."
Given the degree of opposition
to free trade on environmental
grounds, it is not surprising the
government is spending $30 million on a pro-free trade campaign
designed to disguise the facts long
enough to fool the public. Polls
prove the state ofthe environment
is a high priority election issue.
Mulroney and friends are legitimately afraid of running an open
and informative campaign, for
they realize that if people find out
the truth about the deal and the
environment, they will reject it.
CP Rail—"Customer-driven transportation services
CP Rail is one of the most successful and innovative transportation companies in the world.
We're a recognized leader in adapting advanced technology to
transportation problems and in developing marketing strategies in
partnership with customers to respond to North American and
international competitive challenges.
As Canada's largest privately-owned railway, we strive to
meet our commitment to customer service and to growth
within the industry.
The key to CP Rail's success is people. The CP Rail of
the future will be run by university graduates who are
willing to accept the exciting challenges of transportation.
We're looking for top-notch people with business
degrees who want to meet the challenge by joining our
team of marketing professionals.
Why not discuss your career opportunities with
one of our representatives? We welcome applications
from those designated under the Employment Equity
Act of 1986.
Michael Cot£, Director
Chemicals & Petroleum Products
MBA Concordia -1981
Andrew Wight
Marketing Representative
Chemicals & Petroleum Products
MBA Concordia - 1985
Joanne Thorburn
Marketing Representative
Chemicals & Petroleum Products
BBA Bishops - 1984
We will be on campus October 20th.
For further information please contact your placement office.
October 14,1988


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