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The Ubyssey Sep 14, 1999

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"rth negotiations con-
itinuing, the sessionals'
union drive is in limbo
e Birds keep it    .
together at their home
iy God! Twelve
ge plays reviewed,
it up.
on the fringe since 1918
www. ubvssev.bc. ca
Pot to draw
students to
the polls
by Cynthia Lee
The AMS is asking students to take a stance on
legalising marijuana in an effort to increase participation in the upcoming referendum.
One of three questions on the referendum
ballot will ask students whether they support a
harm reduction drug strategy that also includes
the prescription of injection drugs and an
increase in funding for detoxification centres
and needle exchanges.
Given the history of referenda at UBC failing
due to lack of quorum, the AMS hopes that the
question will draw a different sector of the student body to vote on the other referendum
"This will create a lot of hype and we're definitely going to exploit the hype," said Nathan
Allen, AMS coordinator of external affairs at a
recent council meeting.
But Allen also believes in the cause. He pointed to UBC's recent efforts to establish a presence in the Downtown Eastside.
"It's probably the most marginalised community in all of North America," he said, "A student
society should be in touch with the community
around it."
AMS President Ryan Marshall said that the
student council would make $250 available to
both the "yes" and "no" campaigns. He added
that the referendum would be similar to taking
a student opinion poll on the issue.
"If it passes, UBC doesn't become immune to
the criminal code of Canada. But it does mean
that UBC will have a strong mandate to lobby for
[changing it]," said Marshall.
The two other referendum questions concern
a proposed medical and dental care plan and a
$9 increase in student fees to pay for student
Marshall downplayed the increase in fees.
"Nine dollars is the cost of two Big Mac
meals. For a whole year, it's not a lot considering the number of services that we can provide
with that money," he said.
The AMS hopes the revenue from higher fees
will improve student services. Marshall said the
money would go towards new initiatives and
improving old ones—including establishing a
frosh week, paying late-night volunteers at
Safewalk, expanding swimming hours at the
Aquatic Centre and purchasing new equipment
for CiTR, the campus radio station.
CiTR lost an opportunity to increase its funding last January because a referendum failed to
reach quorum, even though about two-thirds of
voters supported funding the station.
Aaron Nakama, CiTR's interim station manager, said the decision to be grouped with the
general student service fee increase in this referendum was considered^ "mutually advantageous" to both the station and the AMS.»>
Health vote nears
by Nicholas Bradley and Daliah
UBC students will head to the polls at
the end of the month to vote on their
health coverage after counsellors of the
Alma Mater Society (AMS), UBC's student society, voted unanimously to hold
a referendum on the subject.
If approved, the medical and dental
insurance policy proposed by the AMS
and the Graduate Students Society (GSS)
will create a mandatory student health
and dental plan as early as January,
At a meeting last week, AMS council
voted to put the health plan to a referendum. If students vote in favour of the
plan, they will each pay $168 per year
($14 per month) for medical and dental
The cost of the plan breaks down to
$75 per year for medical coverage, and
$87 for dental coverage. The extra six
dollars will go towards offsetting future
premium increases.
For student families, the price for
coverage will be $504 per year, regardless of the number of children.
Since initial coverage would begin in
January and run until August 31, 2000,
the cost of the plan will be pro-rated to
$ 112 for single students.
The plan's supporters say that
although its costs are higher than those
at other Canadian universities, it is also
more comprehensive. UVic's student
health plan, for example, does not
include vision coverage.
Roger Miller, GSS president, called
the plan a "fine example of cooperation
between the AMS and the GSS."
Miller said he, AMS president Ryan
Marshall, and anatomy student
Candace Hofmann began work on the
plan in November by reviewing the policies of six or seven other schools. They
also surveyed roughly 1,100 students
about the type and price of coverage students wanted.
The survey results "indicated quite
clearly that people were interested in
both the dental and the health plan,"
with roughly 80% support, said Miller.
The proposed plan covers 80 per
cent of the cost of prescription drugs,
makes $ 7 5 available every two years for
students who need glasses or contact
lenses, covers 40 per cent of the cost of
refractive laser eye surgery, and pro
vides additional coverage for counselling, vaccinations and travel insurance.
It also covers 70 per cent of the cost
of an annual dental check-up, cleaning,
and fillings. The plan also pays 50 per
cent of the costs of minor surgery-
including wisdom teeth removal and
root canals—for an annual maximum of
During the summer, UBC student
Erin Kaiser, who is also the AMS post-
secondary liaison officer, raised concerns that the plan would only cover 80
per cent of the cost of birth control pills.
Marshall said the price of increasing
birth control coverage—which he claims
would cost an extra $ 10 to $20 per student per year because of widespread
use of the Pill—would be more than he
would be willing to allow. .As a result,
the proposal that students will vote on
does not feature full coverage.
Patricia Mirwaldt, director of
Student Health Services, supports the
plan. She admits that coverage is not
complete, but, given the price—and the
fact that many students do not have any
continued on page 2 TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14,1999
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Please come to the UBC Housing Office
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The cost for room and board from
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Students may select one of three meal
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continued from page 1
medical insurance—she believes
it is sufficient
Mirwaldt says that a universal
health plan will give the doctors
at Student Health confidence that
students will be able to fill their
prescriptions, making treatment
more effective.
Students may only opt out of
the health plan if they have proof
of equivalent coverage. Students
will have three weeks to opt out.
However, students with medical coverage but no dental plan
will end up paying the full health
plan fee.
Kristin Foster, Pacific director
of Student Care Network (SCN),
the provider of the health plan,
said that because dental coverage
is "the greatest chunk of the plan
we're providing," the medical
and dental plans had to be packaged together.
Students will be able to go to
any physician with the coverage.
However, SCN will also form a
dental network to provide additional discounts to students who
use the services of these dentists.
Foster said there will initially
be 25 members of the dental network, but she expects the number
to grow exponentially. Any dentist
who is willing to give a 20 per cent
discount to any UBC student will
become a member of the network.
"The networks are not forced
on students. If you choose to visit
one of the network dentists they
will provide an extra discount,"
said Foster.
Foster said that SCN expects
roughly 17 per cent of students to
opt out, but that they are prepared for 33 per cent But even if
large numbers of students opt
out, the premiums will not
increase before August 31, 2001.
Despite any questions about
students opting out, SCN is confident that the referendum will be
held and won.
"We've never lost a referendum," said Lev Bukhman, executive director for SCN. "Our programs have never been rejected
by students."
As the proposal currendy
stands, part-time students will be
able to opt into the plan ibr the
same annual price as full-time
students. The AMS is negotiating
with International House to make
base health insurance mandatory
for international students.
Traditionally, international
students have had to turn to private insurance companies for
health coverage during their
first three months in Canada
because residents only qualify
for basic medical services coverage after three months.
SCN will be offering health
care coverage during these first
three months to international
students with an equivalent
Medical Services Plan.
"We want to make sure that
international students have a way
to access the health plan," said
"During those three months,
for an extra $99 dollars, we'll
give them essentially Medicare,"
and they will thus be automatically eligible for full coverage.*!*
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the future is friendly THE UBYSSEY ♦ TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 14,1999   3
UBC and CUPE square off
CAUGHT IN THE MIDDLE: Brenda Beagan, UBC sessional, is caught between lawyers for UBC (left) and CUPE (right), daliah merzaban photo
by Daliah Merzaban
In the first stage of their legal struggle, UBC and the
Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) met last week
in front of the BC Labour Relations Board (LRB) to decide
whether campus sessional lecturers belong in a union.
Over four days of hearings, lawyers for the university,
the Faculty Association, and CUPE questioned witnesses
and provided arguments to determine whether the union
drive initiated by sessional lecturers last January is legitimate, given that sessionals are members of the Faculty
Association, a body that ostensibly represents all faculty—
whether tenured or sessional—on campus.
Both sides left the hearings confident
"We think the week of hearings went well and that we
were able to fully advance the argument on behalf of sessionals," said Bob Fifik, CUPE regional office representative
and junior counsel at the hearings.
"[The Faculty Association's case] was a very compelling
case, and we're certainly feeling very good about it," commented Mary Russell, Faculty Association president.
CUPE wants either to certify a stand-alone unit for UBC's
sessionals, or to expand membership of local 2278—which
represents teaching assistants and instructors—to include
"All that you have to find is that one of these two is appropriate," CUPE lawyer Paul Tetrault told the three-person
LRB panel during his final arguments Thursday.
The university and the Faculty Association have been
vocally opposed to the union drive, charging that sessionals
belong with other faculty on campus.
At issue is whether sessionals can be reasonably distinguished from other faculty, legitimising the creation of a
separate union.
Among CUPE's most critical arguments is what Tetrault
called the "industry standard."
He cited examples of unionised sessionals at 15 other
Canadian universities. At 12 of these, including the
University of Victoria and Simon Fraser University, sessionals are in either stand-alone units or the same union as
teaching assistants. Only three of the universities cited
included sessionals in faculty associations.
The university, however, says that an industry standard
does not exist
"There are so many combinations throughout the country in terms of where sessionals are, so that argument again
really didn't wash," said Russell.
She said that sessionals at UBC cannot be compared to
those at other institutions, including UVic—where she
says the faculty association's relationship with sessionals
is "much looser."
Instead, lawyers for the Faculty Association and UBC
emphasise the idea of functional integration—an argument
maintaining that if workers do the same job, they belong in
the same unit.
"At the level of functional integration, this case should be
an easy one," said Don Jordan, a lawyer for UBC.
He said that differing terms of employment are not
enough to create a separate interest group. Sessionals,
under this argument, can be seen as equivalent to part-
time employees in other fields of work.
From the university's perspective, the line between
sessionals and tenure-track faculty is blurred.
Jordan contended that the two groups cannot be distinguished, since "day in and day out, they teach the
same sections of the same courses...in an overlapping
and shared manner."
He also noted that sessionals and faculty share similar
graduate degrees, academic interests, and work environment.
Brenda Beagan, a sessional lecturer in sociology, who
testified for CUPE at the hearings, agrees that sessionals
have similarities with other UBC employees, but still
believes a "very clear, defensible boundary" can be
drawn around them.
"Our responsibilities for teaching are pretty much
identical to those of tenured faculty."
However, she says in terms of working conditions,
"we're much more similar to teaching assistants."
She points out that many TAs have higher salaries
than sessionals, and a greater degree of job security.
Ph.D TAs, for instance, are guaranteed positions for
three years, whereas sessionals are generally employed on
a short-term basis.
Tetrault argued that the case is "a common sense matter," noting sessionals are hired and paid to teach courses
but, unlike tenured faculty, they do not have formal administrative or research responsibilities. He also noted sessionals' characteristically lower pay—they earn as little as one-
fifth the salary of a tenured professor—and their difficulty in
securing continuing appointments.
But Jordan warned that unionising UBC's 500 sessionals
would be a "recipe for disaster," as it would allow sessionals
to dictate conditions for all 2,100 members of the Faculty
From a collective bargaining perspective, he argued, differences in pay and benefits do not amount to a separate
community of interest
"The tail can't wag the dog," said Jordan. "You can't
carve these artificial boundaries through that shared
task [teaching]."
Early in 1998, sessionals contacted CUPE to initiate a
union drive to protest wages and job security. The union
drive began in January, but failed to yield enough votes to
form a union automatically. Instead, a vote was cast in May
to determine whether a majority of sessionals wanted to
unionise. The ballot box containing these votes has been
sealed pending the results of the hearing.
The LRB panel should make a ruling before November
30, when the second set of hearings begin.»>
UVic sessionals victorious in union drive
by Sarah Pusterbeck
the Martlet
VICTORIA—A long fight for higher wages and job security
for sessional lecturers at the University of Victoria (UVic)
has ended in unionisation.
Last month, UVic's 450 sessionals joined the Canadian
Union of Public Employees (CUPE), which also represents
teaching assistants on campus. CUPE is currently negotiating a contract for the sessionals with the university.
Sessionals union organiser Michael Tripp said he hopes
negotiations will be complete by the end of September.
He expects salary, benefits, and security to be the main
issues under negotiation, although his thoughts on the issue
are purely speculative until all the sessionals are contacted,
he said.
According to Tripp, the biggest hurdle in the unionisation
drive was that all sessionals working half time or more were
automatically admitted to the faculty association, which
meant that sessionals were, in theory, already represented.
But Tripp believes sessional lecturers weren't fairly represented by the faculty association. He gives the example of
the process of appointing instructors to senior positions,
which he believes is highly subjective, with seniority and
capability having very little to do with who is promoted.
"Some people could be on campus for 10 to 15 years
without ever being acknowledged, while others seemed to
move up very quickly. Those being refused for promotion
would often be told 'No' for no apparent reason."
This was the situation in the Lynne Greenwood case. An
instructor in UVic's music school, Greenwood had been at
the university for over 20 years without receiving an
increase in salary or benefits when she decided to investigate her situation. Her case was brought before the Labour
Relations Board last October in an attempt to see if the faculty association was a legitimate union.
"Lynne may have lost her case, but ultimately she won,"
said Tripp.
"Her case solidified a lot of thought and pushed the
momentum towards unionisation."
Tripp says Greenwood's case, combined with the
increasing number of sessionals on campus, helped them
win the vote towards unionisation.
"Over the years sessionals have begun to be viewed differently from others on campus. Victory is starting to
change the vision on campus of sessionals as faculty."*
Fuel cells spark new research facility
by Eric Jandciu
UBC will soon help mould Vancouver into liu- 'furl mil
hub* of Canada with the help of a S.'.O million cuinniil-
ment by tlie federal government to de.«ii_.n. build, ami
adively o{>erale a new fuel cdl research facility on cam
Fuel cells, which have been use. 1 lo powi.T buses, offer
an attractive source of electricity becau-st' of their inherent
efficiency and low emissions, producing only water and
heat as byproducts.
This is something thai will really happen." savs. Ld
Capes, Ihe Director General »r Uu- National Research
Council (NRC) Innovation Ceutri- on campus. "The money
is in the budget and will be (provided]."
Capes is enthusiastic about tlie future of fuel cell
research. H« expects fuel cell powered vehicles lo l*1 used
soon at golf courses and airports.
Unlike batteries whirh run nut and require recharging, fuel cell* continue lo produce electricity so lung as
the fuel is supplied. The fuel, hydrogen pa?!, enters thc
fuel rpll and, with the help ofa catalyst, initiates a rhe ra-
idftlttaactkm with oxygen frum tlie air and produces an
electric current
- $14 million ofihe federal! fend, which was designed to
enhance Canada's feel cell research, will help to forilitate
cooperation between researchers at NRC and Canadian
universities and industry.
This means that many undergraduate or grnrhi.i.e stu
dents involved in research of fuel cells, will be able to use
of the new facility, which will focus mainly on environmental testing and fuel cell application research.
A company jointty owned by Ballard has even donated
a fuel cell-powered bus to the new facility for research purposes.
Capes says the main goal of the initiative is to allow
growth of smaller support companies and tlip nurturing of
further collaborations between universities, industry, and
government This, says Capes, translates to greater scientific advances and a stronger Canadian fuel cell economy.
And this cooperation gets a thumbs up from Debbie
Harris, a representative from Ballard Power Systems in
"Its all great to have a fuel cell company but you do
need, -supporting industries to support a fuel cell industry
in Canada,' she said.
Last summer a fuel cell task force compo.si>d of indus
try, government and university representatives went to
Ottawa to ask for funding for this project
Gm&m&km of the fecflity, which will be built within
the existing NRC Innovation Centre, has not yet begun, but
it's expected to be completed sometime next spring. ♦ THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 14,1999
they say if you talk about it, it helps.
3 blocks south of thc village in
thc heart of Fairview Residence
^    Mon. - Fri.       7:30 am -11 pm
P        Sat. - Sun.        9 am -11 pm
Phone: 224-2326
help us (or learn) to fix purple
on Agronomy and
Main Mall
behind the
MacMillan building
22nd Annual
Indoor Plant Salo
"Great prices — profits to benefit the Garden"
Dried Flowers will also be on Sale!
Thursday, Friday and Saturday • Sept 16,17 & 18
11:00 am -5:00 pm
UBC Botanical Garden 8804 SW Marine Drive
New CF treatment
by Merrilee Hughes
A UBC professor'syears of research
have put an old drug to a new use,
leading to the development of a
potential new treatment for cystic
fibrosis (CF), a life-threatening
genetic disease.
David Speert professor of pediatrics and head of the Infectious
and Immunological Diseases division at BC Children's Hospital, has
been involved in CF research in
Vancouver for twenty years.
And for almost seven years, he
has been investigating the applications of dextran, a sugar made up of
a chain of glucose molecules. Now
he is cautiously optimistic about the
potential payoffs of his research.
"Dextran is definitely not a cure,
but it is a treatment" Speert said.
His collaboration with a
researcher at the University of
Alberta and a Surrey-based pharmaceutical company called
Novadex has led to the identification of dextran as a possible treatment for CF lung infections.
Cystic fibrosis causes mucus to
thicken and accumulate in the
lungs, creating perfect conditions
for bacterial infections. When dextran is inhaled, it thins the mucus.
Speert thinks that this is one of
the two ways dextran can help CF
"We're hoping that it will
increase the ability uf the body to
clear bacteria once they have been
The second way deals with a
particular infection—caused by a
bacterium known as Pseudomonas
aeruginosa—that almost all CF
patients contract by the age of 20.
Once a patient has become infected, there is no known cure. The
body's response to the infection
results in lung damage.
This bacterium is very common
"It can be found in many parts
of the natural environment, from
streams to salad bars," said Speert
Because it is so prevalent, attacking
it is a crucial aspect of treating CF.
Speert's research shows that
short-chain dextran could help prevent the P.aerugmosa bacterium
from attaching itself to the cells lining the respiratory tract This capability suggests that dextran may
prevent bacterial infections.
Although dextran has yet to begin
clinical trials, there is no evidence
suggesting that the treatment will
have any adverse effects. The glucose chain that makes dextran is too
short for the body to recognise it and
target antibodies against it
Speert believes the safe and
inexpensive new therapy could be
extremely useful, but hesitates to
speculate whether it will offer sig-
DAVID SPEERT: Puts an old drug to
new use in the fight against CF.
nificant benefits compared to traditional treatments.
"It should make a substantial
difference, but it's very hard to
know, with just test-tube experiments, how this is going to work in
humans," Speert said.
Although he is hopeful, the therapy is still in the early stages of
development It could still be several years before dextran is available
for widespread patient treatment,
and Speert is cautious about making any predictions.
"The problem is that it raises
patients hopes if we start hyping it
too much. I'm really careful not to
do that"**
Little change in equity
 by Nicholas Bradley
Although the UBC Equity Office's 1998 Annual
Report shows little change in employment numbers, director Sharon Kahn believes that equity on
campus is increasing all the time.
"UBC continues to make progress in equity, particularly our employment equity," said Kahn, who
noted that measuring change is difficult from year
to year because of the short period of time in which
to enact change.
The report shows that gender breakdown in
UBC's workforce remained virtually the same
between 1997 and 1998: 51.19 of UBC employees
were women, compared to 51.26 per cent in 1998.
Just under 46 per cent of the Canadian general
labour force are women, according to 1991 census
data, the most recent available.
However, only 26.15 per cent of university
teachers—including professors, lecturers, instructors, and sessional lecturers—are women, up from
25.52 per cent in 1997. There are 686 male full
professors, compared to 101 women.
The Faculty of Commerce has 40 full professors,
39 of which are men. Only 10.5 per cent of its total
teaching staff are women, compared to 11.7 per
cent in Science, 28 per cent in Arts, and over 50
per cent in Education.
Over eighty per cent of campus clerical workers
are women
In 1998, there were two more aboriginal workers on campus than in 1997; First Nations employees still comprise only 1.4 per cent of campus
workers, and there are only 21 First Nations university teachers, out of a total of 2,115 total. There
was a slight increase in the percentage of other visible minorites at UBC.
Kahn noted that the Equity Office increased its
education and training programs, and has been
more involved in working with department heads
and administrators who deal with equity complaints.
Kahn also said that the Equity Office is very
involved with students, both in outreach programs
and in discrimination cases.
'A good 40 per cent of the cases that we deal
with involve students," she noted.
The annual report has been criticised in the past
for not providing more detailed information—such
as reporting how many women of colour work at
UBC—and thereby concealing areas of under-repre-
sentation. However, the Equity Office reports its
data according to the requirements of the Federal
Employment Equity Program.
Kahn said that she is trying to get more statistics, but that she is constrained by limited
"The Equity Office's resources are tied up doing
the work that we're doing and meeting the federal
government's reporting obligations."
In addition, Kahn noted that no Statistics
Canada data exists for purposes of comparison,
even if additional statistics were collected.
One of the programs that Kahn drew attention to
is the Culturally-Inclusive Campus Committee
(CICC), a group of students, faculty, and staff
intended to promote awareness of cultural issues
on campus. Wale Adeyinka, the Equity Office's
coordinator for CICC, noted that the group defines
'culture' very broadly.
In 1994, the university administration decided
to eliminate the mulitculturahsm office, the sexual
harassment office, and the women and gender
relations office, and formed the Equity Office in
their place. The university also created a policy on
discrimination and harrassment
"At the same time, some members of the university community were concerned that because of
the amalgamation some issues may not be well
attended to," said Adeyinka.
As a result, CICC was founded by the Women
Students' Office in 1995.
The committee, said Adeyinka, "is intended to
create inclusivity, to bring all the factions in the
university together to see how we can promote education and awareness on issues of human rights,
diversity and inclusivity."
CICC works with campus organisations such as
Colour Connected and the First Nations House of
Learning, and, according to Adeyinka, the CICC is
also trying to bring the Faculty Association on
"In terms of raising awareness, we have been
very successful,* said Adeyinka.
"We have also created, in some form, a kind of
collaborative work."*> THE UBYSSEY »TUFSDAY. SEPTEMBER 14.1999   5
Raise the minimum wage, says study
by Daliah Merzaban
Students could benefit from a study conducted by a UBC
professor that calls for an increase in minimum wage to
$8 per hour by the year 2000.
Associate professor of economics David Green, along
with Michael Goldberg, research director with the Social
Planning and Research Council of BC, completed a study
released by the Candian Centre for Policy
Alternatives,entitled Raising the Floor: The Economic
and Social Benefits of Minimum Wages in Canada.
According to Green, a minimum wage increase would
benefit students the most.
"The biggest gainers are students because a lot of students make around minimum wage," says Green, who
suggests that roughly half of the British Columbians who
earn $7.15 per hour are students.
In their study, Green and Goldberg dispel numerous
myths about minimum wages and argue that minimum
wage increases have only marginal effects on employment.
"As soon as you go into public debate, immediately
people stand up and say there's a huge impact on the
work force," says Green.
"But we say, 'No, look, if you really look at the numbers [the impact] is not that big.'"
Green determined, from studying data from BC,
Alberta, Ontario and Quebec, that over the past 20 years,
large increases in minimum wage have led to both
increases and decreases in employment. He says this
demonstrates that other economic trends influence
employment levels far more than minimum wage levels
He adds that the drawbacks of increasing minimum
wages, such as causing some layoffs, are overcome by
increases in the total wages paid to low wage workers.
These ideas are not, however, free from criticism,
which Green acknowledges with a nod and a laugh, saying, "the response is always 'the sky will fall."
Roslyn Kunin, an economist and executive director of
the Laurier Institution, an organisation that researches
social issues, was quick to offer such a critique.
"Increasing the minimum wage will not benefit the
people that it is intended to benefit, but it will decrease
the amount of employment available for these people,"
said Kunin, who adds that entry-level jobs have been
hardest hit by technological change. Raising the minimum wage, she says, "will encourage employers to substitute capital for labour and otherwise reduce the
amount of work."
The study calls for the minimum wages across
Canada to be increased to the Statistics Canada Low
Income Cut Off line—more commonly known as the
see "working poor" on page 6
UVic: a CUPE
strike coming?
by Patti Edgar
the Martlet
University of Victoria (UVic)
and its support staff are trying
to avoid a campus-wide strike
which could keep students out
of classrooms.
Two Canadian Union of
Public Employees (CUPE) locals
have been in separate contract
negotiations with UVic since
the end of January. With one
local having already voted in
favour of a strike and another
facing 'impediments' during
contract talks, local union presidents are warning that a strike
may take place this month.
About 1,000 UVic employees
could walk off the job
if contract negotiations break
down. Sympathisers such as
the Professional Employees
Association and CUPE Local
4163 (which represents teachers' assistants and sessionals)
have announced that they won't
cross picket lines.
But both the UVic and union
local presidents say they are trying to stay at the bargaining
"We definitely have an open
mind and are prepared to bargain. A strike is just one of the
places you come to when you
have no choice," said Rhonda
Rose, president of CUPE Local
917, whose 400 members-
including janitorial, food service and trades workers—voted
in favour of strike action in
Bruce Kilpatrick, UVic's
Communications Services
director, said the university is
hopeful that the situation will
be resolved through the bargaining process.
In upcoming weeks, CUPE
Local 917 members will face
the university in two days of
contract negotiations with the
help of a mediator. Local 951—
which represents campus
office, technical, and child care
workers—recently completed
contract talks.
The unions want UVic to pay
for medical coverage, improve
dental coverage, increase pensions, and start a long-term disability plan.
But job security is CUPE
Local 917's top priority, said
CUPE Local 951 members,
whose 600 members are mostly women, are focusing on pay
equity for female workers.
"Women's wages at UVic
should be brought up to the
level of male wages at UVic.
Senior secretaries deserve to be
paid the same as trades workers or administrative assistants," said CUPE Local 951
president Doug Sprenger.
Morgan Stewart, chair of
the University of Victoria's
Students Society, said the UVSS
would support a strike by
closing the Student Union
Building. ♦
Unions takes action
by Nicholas Bradley
In order to. draw attention
to the possibility of a campus-
wide strike, members of the
Canadian Union of Public
Employees (CUPE) will be taking a day of action tomorrow,
leafletting campus and causing
traffic slowdowns.
Union members will slow
traffic at all entrances to UBC to
hand out leaflets, which will
also be distributed around campus all day. Traffic will not
actually be stopped, said Louise
Leclaire, communications representative for the CUPE
regional office.
"We're asking people to be
patient," she said.
CUPE wants to raise awareness about the ongoing mediation between the union and the
university. Negotiations ended
August 3 when CUPE withdrew
after 21 bargaining sessions
produced only four agreed-
upon provisions.
"We want to make sure that
see "CUPE" on page 6
CANDY COSTS CLIMBING The price of candy is not so sweet anymore—it's risen to $1.25 across campus, tara westover
While you were gone...
Candy costs climbing
 by Daliah Merzaban
As students sifdi with relief that
tuition has been frozen again,
they'll have to pay 25 per cent
more for an energy-boosting
stress-time essential.
Alter four ye.irs of paving a
dollar lor a candy bar on campus, the same "lucosc; ru^h now
cost; SI.25 atvendingmachines
across campus.
"We've held our pricing for
four years now," said Chris
Koroni'os, branch manager of
Ardinark, the. company which
H[)i'r.ites Ihe approximately 75
snark-iilled vending machine's
on campus. "We could no longer
hold buck our Lncreasi'S as per
tin1 suppliers.*
According to Koroneos, tlie
four major national .suppliers of
chocolate bars -NpsUi., Hcrshey,
Eil'em, and Cadhuiy have raised
their prices by 6 to 9 per rent
The.se increases, however,
are much less than the extra
quarter consumers must sppnd
on each candy bar.
Koroneos defends Aramark's
increase by saying that if prices
were raised by less than a quarter, the machines would soon be
out of order because of the coin
payout system.
He explains that the dime's, in
particular, "would ran out ipiirk
ly alter 40 people buy chocolate
bars, which means the whole
rriarhmi! would shut down."
After four years of
paying a dollar for a
candy bar on campus,
the same glucose rush
now costs $1.25 at
vending machines
across campus.
But .AMS director of finance
Karen Sonik said the company's
decision to raise the price
because it would be too expensive to change all the vending
machines is "nol. really good
She indicated that the
increase is also a matter of contention between tlie AMS and
Aramark because, she says, the
AMS was not consulted before
the increase even though
Aramark had agreed to do so.
But .Aramark claims to have
consulted with tlie university
prior to the increase. And
Andrew Parr, gt-neral man.iger
of food services at UBC, says
both food scsrvices and external
affairs approved the increase
when Aramark approached
them in March.
Arrording t" A.MS general
manager Bernie Peets, however,
tlie AMS, which receives around
20 per cent of vending machine
profiLe. was not .similarly con
Despite tlie increase in price,
Sonik doubts that the change
will vinld better profits for the
She thinks consumers will be
attracted lo tin5 Imwr prices at
retail shops on campus, like
Subcetera, which still sell chocolate bars for UO cents.
Parr disagree. He says that
preliminary figures show that
Aramark'.s vending machine
sales have actually incro;ispd
since the price increase, with
mure people buying tlie less
expansive, siiuciks.
The price increase won't only
affect vending machines, however. Subcetera and other campus
food service outlets have raised
their chocolate bar prices by ten
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"working poor" continued from 5
poverty line—for a single person
in an urban area. The study indicates that the current pre-tax
income for full-time minimum
wage workers in BC is $14,872,
which falls $1,774
below this line for
For someone
who works full-time
all year to earn
enough to clear the
poverty line, Green
says, wages must be
raised to $8.00 per
"Our notion was
that [wages] should
be set on the basis
of why minimum
wages were created
in the first place,
which has to do
with social justice
and establishing a
Kunin,  however
looking at the poverty line is
largely irrelevant for minimum
wage earners.
"If most people who work at
minimum wage are just part-
time workers, students or have
other earners in the family, the
poverty line is not immediately
Green points out, however,
that higher minimum wages are
still important as a source of
financing for post-secondary
The potential benefit for stu-
"CUPE" continued from 5
people on campus know what    resent roughly
the    issues   are,    understand    workers—voted
"If most people
who work at minimum wage are just
part-time workers,
students or have
other earners in the
family, the poverty
line is not immediately relevant."
fair labour
dents is applauded by the
Canadian Federation of Students
(CFS), a national student lobby
group that uses studies such as
this when lobbying the government.
Mark Veerkmap,
BC Chairperson for
the CFS, agrees
with the study, saying it could have
"a positive economic impact" on students.
"If   . we     have
low-income   earners making more,
they're    obviously
going to be spending  more   in  the
economy   in   the
same kind of businesses that they're
employed at."
The   study  probably  won't
have a direct impact on raising
minimum wages, however. Ian
Reed,  director of communications   at  the   BC  Ministry  of
Labour,  says the government
reviews minimum wage according to a specific schedule.
Green doesn't claim that the
study will solve low income
problems, but says thai: it's a
"It's not a panacea," says
Green. "This is not the only tool
you want to use. But it is a useful
tool for getting at something that
a lot of other anti-poverty tools
don't get at."<«
that people's jobs
are being threatened. People's
jobs and job security are being
threatened and
that means that
the quality of
work that people
can expect to
receive is also being threatened,"
said Leclaire.
At the end of August, CUPE
locals 2950 and 116—which rep-
At the end of August,
CUPE locals 2950 and
116-which represent
roughly 3,000 campus
.workers-voted overwhelmingly in favour of
strike action.
3,000 campus
in favour of
strike action.
These locals
walked off the
job in 1992,
disrupting the
campus for
three weeks.
CUPE locals
at the
University of Victoria, Simon
Fraser University, and the
University of Northern BC will be
taking similar actions.♦
AreYou Ready to Cross the E-Une?
UBC ITServices and IBM are pleased to
present a free lecture by Dr. Diana G.
Oblinger, Vice President for Information
Resources and CIO at the University of
North Carolina, and co-author of the book
What Business Wants from Higher Education.
Dr. Oblinger will be discussing the concept
of the e-line, which organizations must
cross if they wish to use information
technology for its innovation value.
Date and Lotion
September 20th, 2:30 to 3:30 p.m., at
theTelestudios (2329 West Mall, UBC).
Please preregister by sending an e-mail
to events@itservices.ubc.ca
Note: Dr. Oblinger will also be a keynote speaker
at the CREAD conference being held in Vancouver
on September 21-23, 1999. THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 14.1999
Home opener an ugly victory
 by Naomi Kim
It was a perfect evening for football—warm September
weather, cool breeze, beautiful pink sunset, and a packed
crowd at Thunderbird Stadium. Unfortunately, the not-so-
perfect part was the football. However, a win is a win, and
the Thunderbirds settled for a 18-8 victory over the
University of Alberta Golden Bears in UBC's first home
game evening their 1999 record to 1-1, and extending
their ten-game home win streak..
"It wasn't overly pretty, but it's a win and it was our
first win so we're pretty happy about that," said head
coach Prepchuk.
UBC's football domination of Alberta has become
somewhat of a tradition in recent years. Last
September, UBC won their season opener 44-3 over the
Golden Bears. Later in October, the Thunderbirds
thrashed Alberta again at Thunderbird Stadium with a
half-time score of 28-3, resulting in a final score of 35-
3. Although UBC came out on top again this year, the
low-scoring victory proved not to be the blowout expected in a game marred by mental blunders, dropped passes, and penalties.
UBC rolled up 10 penalties for 105 yards including
two unnecessary roughness calls and one objectionable
conduct infraction.
"It's a discipline thing," said Prepchuk about some of
the penalties. "Guys are pumped up, they're emotional, it's
their first game at home, it's a sellout crowd, it's exciting
for them but that's no excuse because we definitely have to
be disciplined and show more discipline in that regard."
On the other hand, Prepchuk also thought the referees
should have taken more control over certain situations.
On a team highly touted for its offense, it was UBC's
defense that once again starred in the game, waiting for
the offense to warm up. In the meantime, the Golden
Bears started strongly in the first quarter, running the
ball up the middle and gaining a 4-0 advantage while the
Thunderbirds sorted themselves out and struggled to
find offensive consistency.
But with less than a minute left in the first quarter,
running back Akbal Singh finally gave the crowd what
they were waiting for, exploding for a 47-yard run.
Quarterback Shawn Olson followed suit with a 15-yard
touchdown pass to Brad Coutts to put the Thunderbirds
on the scoreboard and in the lead at 7-4. Kicker Duncan
O'Mahony added a 42-yard
field goal late into the second quarter and UBC never
looked back.
The defense played
solidly, with fifth-year
defensive back Dan Rootes
leading the defense with 11
tackles and one interception. Tyson St. James (eight
tackles) and Nathan
Mellalieu (seven) also came
up big for the Birds.
"Defensively it came
together...we stuffed them
all game," said Mellalieu,
who led UBC's undersized
linebacking corps all night.
In the second half, the
Thunderbird defense held
the Golden Bears to one
point while UBC's offense
finally came alive, led by
Olson. His 30-yard dash
early in the fourth quarter
brought the Thunderbirds
within two yards of the end
zone and Olson ran the ball
in himself for the only
other touchdown of the
game. Olson finished  10
ALL HAIL THE KING: UBC tailback Akbal "King" Singh finds some daylight en route to his
game- and season-high 170 yards rushing Friday night, tara westover photo
for 19 with 141 yards passing in addition to his 68 yards
on the ground, and he scored a rushing touchdown and
threw for another. Olson's performance wasn't spotless,
though—he also threw two interceptions. Even though he
was named player of the game, Olson was more critical
of himself than anything else.
"It's kind of ironic. I shouldn't be running the ball as
much as I did today, I should be standing back there and
throwing the ball a little bit better. So I'm a little bit disappointed. It's weird, you get the offensive player of the
game...and I don't feel like I played very well at all."
Despite the win, this game clearly did not display the
extent of the Thunderbirds' abilities—UBC began the year
ranked second in the country. Even Singh, who rushed
for 170 yards, admitted the team's performance was
"We didn't play our best football, I know that much.
We're still going to improve week to week and we're definitely going to have to come out against Regina. It's a
road game and we have to play a lot better than we did
Expectations riding on the high-profile offense certainly has yet to be proved, but memories of the 1997
Vanier Cup season comes to mind and leaves much to be
hoped for.
"In our Vanier Cup year, our offense struggled in the
beginning as well," said Olson.
"We got enough weapons on this offense to put it
together and it's just a matter of when. .And hopefully it
will be next week."<»
UBC football through the ages
The men's soccer team was off in game
action this past weekend in their final pre-
season games. Steve Dickinson scored the
only goal for UBC on Friday, as die T-Birds
came 6hort against .Alberta, 3-1. On Saturday,
UBC played against Mount Royal College. The
match was a close one, but UBC could not capitalise on several good chanres, losing \b.
The Thunderbirds will open their 1999 season this weekend on the road against
Saskatchewan and then Lethbridge.
The Thunderbirds played neck-and-neck
against tie University of Alberta in a pre-sea-
son game on Sabirday but came out on top at
the end. Alberta scored the first goal, but
Vanessa Martino tied the game for the Birds.
.Alberta came up again, but this time Kelly
Donaldson scored to respond. With less than
five minutes remaining, Kim Spencer scored
to give Ihe T-Birds a 3-2 victoiy. The women's
team will go on the road this weekend to play
their first regular season games against
Saskatchewan and Lethbridge.
the women's add men's teams will face former Thunderbirds on the court this Saturday
at 7:00 pm at the War Memorial Gym.- ♦>
 by Naomi Kim
Fireworks exploded, engines roared, and festivities got underway at Thunderbird Stadium on Saturday for more than just
the football home opener. This year marks the 75th anniversary of football at UBC. The times have changed and the game
has changed, but football has always remained an integral part
of UBC's athletics.
November 11, 1924
A meeting was held this day for students interested in the
game developed in Canada for He-Canadians. UBC's first official football team is formed.
January 24, 1925
UBC's senior football team plays its first game, losing to St
Marks 7-6.
February, 1925
UBC records its first victory, a 19-1 win over Kerrisdale.
November, 1927
UBC wins the Lipton Cup, emblematic of BC football supremacy, and becomes the first BC team to compete for the Grey Cup.
UBC loses in two straight to the Regina Roughriders in the
Western Canada Grey Cup final.
February, 1928
Football is elevated to a varsity sport at UBC. This is achieved,
in large part, through the efforts of Gordon Shrum, Max
Cameron, and coach Dr. Gordon Burke.
November, 1929
UBC team, led by Cokie Shields and Gavin Dirom, defeat the
University of Saskatchewan to win our first Hardy Cup.
September, 1939
aAll-around UBC athlete Ralph "Hunk" Henderson becomes the
first UBC football player to play professional football, with the
1939 Edmonton Eskimos.
September, 1942
UBC adopts American football rules as the Birds move away
from competing against Canadian club teams and start playing
against Canadian universities.
No football games are scheduled, as military tiaining and the
war effort take priority on the UBC campus.
January, 1960
UBC's Bill Crawford becomes the first and only Thunderbird to
play for an NFL team. He signs with the New York Giants and
following graduation, plays for them for two seasons.
October 7, 1967
Thunderbird Stadium opens on this date, replacing Varsity
Stadium as the T-Birds' home for football and rugby.
October 16, 1967
The first Shrum Bowl is played. UBC loses to SFU 32-13 before
15,000 fans at Empire Stadium.
April, 1978
Birds offensive lineman Dave Kirzinger becomes the first UBC
football player to be selected #1 in the CFL draft.
November, 1978
Led by coach Frank Smith and quarterback Danny Smith, UBC
makes its first-ever appearance in the Vanier Cup final. The
Birds were defeated by Queen's University 16-3.
November 20,1982
Birds win their first Vanier Cup with a 39-14 victory over
Western Ontario. Led by Glenn Steele, the 1982 team goes
undefeated against Canadian competition and is considered
the CIAU's best-ever football team.
November 22,1986
Quarterback Eric Putoto throws the winning touchdown pass
with four seconds left in the game to give UBC its second
Vanier Cup, a 25-23 win over Western Ontario.
November, 1987
Quarterback Jordan Gagner, who led UBC to the Vanier Cup
final again in 1987, is UBC's first player to be selected winner
for the Hec Crighton Award as Canada's most outstanding university football player.
November, 1997
UBC, led by coach Casey Smith and Hec Crighton Award winner Mark Nohra, defeat the University of Ottawa for our third
Vanier Cup championship. The following year. Smith succumbs to liver cancer.^
—with information from Thunderbird Historian Fred Hume
and Sports Information Officer Jacquie Mirtle 8
UBC Film Society
September 17 - 19
SUB Theatre
All shows $3.00
Film Hotline: 822-3697
eptember 22 & 23
The Age of Innocence
%x& tfje Reason
to JBoofc €arl?>!
Save Your Seat Today
Planning on flying home for the holidays? Seats are
already scarce for Christmas and New Year's 2000, so
contact us now to avoid disappointment later! Take
advantage of our unbelievable Student Class Airfares™
and extras like a free "Change Coupon" for departure
changes should conflicts with your exam timetable arise*
Make sure you're home for the holidays.
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* Subject to availability and seasonal rate adjustment.
Owned and operated by the Canadian Federation of Students.
Electoral Area A
Electoral Area A is now comprised of University Endowment
Lands, University of British Columbia lands, Bowyer Island,
Grebe Islets, Passage Island, Bamston Island, and those areas
of Howe Sound, Indian Arm and West Pitt Lake in the GVRD
not within a municipal corporation and that were formerly
included in Electoral Area C.
1999 General Local Election
Public Notice is hereby given to the electors of Electoral
Area A (University Endowment Lands, University of British
Columbia lands, Bowyer Island, Grebe Islets, Passage Island,
Barnston Island, and those areas of Howe Sound, Indian Arm
and West Pitt Lake in the GVRD not within a municipal
corporation and that were formerly included in Electoral
Area C) that nominations are called for the office of Director
to the Board of the Greater Vancouver Regional District for a
three year term expiring December 2002.
Nominations for qualified candidates will be received at the
office of the Chief Election Officer, Corporate Secretary's
Department, 3rd floor, Greater Vancouver Regional District,
4330 Kingsway, Burnaby, BC from October 5th to 1 5th,
1999 during regular working hours 9am to 4pm excluding
weekends and holidays.
A person is qualified to be nominated, elected, and to hold
office as a member of local government if the person meets
the following criteria:
• is a Canadian citizen;
• is 18 years of age or older on general voting day,
November 20, 1999;
• has been resident of British Columbia for at least 6 months
immediately before the day nomination papers are filed;
• is not disqualified by the Municipal Actor any other
enactment from voting in an election in British Columbia
or from being nominated for, being elected to, or holding
Further information and nomination documents may be
obtained by contacting the Chief Election Officer at
432-6250 during regular working hours.
Paulette A Vetieson, Chief Election Officer
MFA September
GRADUATE      in iq
frhe award-winning,
but still leaking,
Morris and Helen
Belkin Art Gallery
plays host to the
ft 999 MFA Graduate
Exhibition, an exhibit
that deftly challenges
the observer,
demanding innumerable questions and
goffering few answers.
This year there are four MFA
graduates who are showing
leir work: Jane Cameron,
Marina Roy. bue Laing and
Jeremy Todd. The only thing
these artists share is a desire to
express him or herself idiosyn-
Likely the first
* work you will
encounter will be
the strikingly
minimalist art of
lane Cameron.
Keadv-made sur-
: 'aces, like material stripped from
box-spring mattresses are transformed from discarded private
goods to public
viewing surfaces.
For those unwilling to imagine the
tales these bed
linings could tell,
her work can be
viewed as examples of commercial design art.
Sue Laing's interest rests in the autobiographical. Her 'egodocuments
reflect one woman's lifefand her rela;
tionship with i her mother, Personal
objects and mementos can only bl
accessed bv opening the doors of cupboards. With each door opened, the
active viewer delves deeper into the
emotional and psychological history of
the artist, a Idocumented nistory careful
ly manipulated by Laing,
Diversity   is   the
world    of  Marina
I Roy as she exhibits "
I three very different
works.   The   most
accessible is Repast,
or   the   Vanity   of
Taste,   an   airialga-
1  mation  of painted
I plates. Using an outmoded, devalued
medium, Roy serves
the viewer 'a number  of objects and
I  items,  particularly
I  meat.
But it isn't just
meat, there is a painting of Christ, a pop
. art-inspired can of
spinach, and female
and male genitalia
(which may be meat; I
am not sure}. It is suggested that these are
all items., we consume, and questions
whether we really
digest their importance.
In bold type, and amidst a sea of
hopeless words, Jeremy Todd proclaims, Tm a real artist." And he il
His Night Twice and Other Storied
Presents, a sad, existentialist exis-
mee with the reproduction of common faces and images combined
with a slew of infecting, dire word!
and existentialist maxims.
The work is
presented as
ink drawings
on plastic
.sheets often
layered three
sheets deep.
There are m
excess ot fifty
of these units,
stretching the
length ofone
enure wall.
Todd's is a dark
universe where fit ^
familiar is present-  r
ed in frighteningly
candid and unfamil-
terms.  We,   as
^spectators, are
tasked to search for
what, if anfthing, ,is
actual and authentic.
As Todd asks in one of his ink drawings,
"can we summarise a body of information
and draw appropriate generalisations?" In
tlie case or this year's MFA Graduate
Exhibition, I don't think we can. ♦ THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 14,1999
First Sow Portraits by CD. Hoy
At Presentation House Gallery
September 4 to October 17
by Aisha Jamal
Imagining Barkerville, BC at the turn of
the century you would most likely picture
wealthy pioneers enjoying the gold-rush
riches and handsome cowboys in the
image of Clint Eastwood. In the exhibition
of portraits of Barkerville's early denizens
at Presentation House Gallery you will find
this preconceived image of the pioneer
town challenged. Instead of high-class pioneers you will find the working poor, complete with holes in the shoes, old pants,
wrinkles and workers' hands. You might
be surprised not to find a Clint Eastwood
look-alike but instead something you hardly ever see: a rough and handsome looking
Chinese cowboy.
The exhibition, First Son: Portraits by
CD. Hoy, presents eighty black-and-white
portraits of the townpeople at the turn of
the century, presenting a rare glimpse of
the Chinese, Native and Caucasian working poor of the Interior. What makes
these photographs interesting is not only
the subjects in front of the camera, but
also the man behind the camera.
Working at a time when the majority of
image-makers were Caucasian, Chow
Dong Hoy provides an important contribution to our historical understanding of
the often ignored and marginalised people of this province.
Hoy, as the first son of a Chinese family, was sent to Canada in 1902 at age seventeen in an attempt to build a better life
for himself and support his family back in
China. Hoy began his photographic career
in 1909 after several unsuccessful jobs.
He started by taking photographs of local
Chinese immigrants and printing the portraits on postcards. These were sent back
home to families as proof of well-being
and success in the new country.
When HSy made the move to Quesnel
in 1913, his clientele grew from Chinese
migrants to include Natives and
Caucasians. Hoy managed to produce a
large number of portraits that document
the entire community, embracing its
vibrancy and diversity. The Presentation
House Gallery presents a fair cross-section of his work, including several self-
Hoy's photographs are presented in
simple black frames, aligned on white
and yellow walls. A very suitable setup for
such a rich collection. Although eighty
portraits is a lot of faces, it is hard to walk
by even one photograph without stopping!
and staring. The astounding thing about
Hoy's photography is to think that his
work is almost a century old. The photographs have been reprinted from negatives without a scratch. They seem so real
and vibrant that you'd expect to walk out
the gallery and bump into the elegantly
dressed man in black whose only giveaway as one of the working-class are his
cheap white canvas shoes.
If you miss this exhibit, but have a
keen interest in historical photography in
Canada (or you simply want to own a
darn good book with some awesome portraits), be sure to check out the newly
released book about the work of Hoy entitled First Son: Portraits by CD.Hoy
[Arsenal Pulp .Press
Author reading and
booksigning with
Clarence Bolt
Author of Does Canada Matter?
Thursday, September 6th
Join Clarence Bolt author of Does Canada Matter?
for a thought provoking discussion on Canada's
rapid loss of its sovereign status to globalization.
Clarence Bolt is an instructor of modern history at
Camosun College in Victoria and has extensive
experience in local politics.
Great Books Are Just The Beginning
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The University of British Columbia
Call for Nominations
for Excellence in Teaching
The University of British Columbia established Awards for
Excellence in Teaching in 1989. Awards are made by the
Faculty of Science to
UBC Science faculty members, including full-time
(sessional) lecturers and laboratory instructors who are
selected as outstanding teachers.
We are seeking input from UBC alumni, current and former
Nomination Deadlines:
First term ■ October 15,1999
Second term - February 4, 2000
Nominations should be accompanied by supporting
statements and the nominator's name, address and
telephone number. Please send nominations to:
Chair, Killam Prizes
for Excellence in Teaching
c/o Office of the Dean of Science
Rm. 1505 - 6270 University Blvd.
University of British Columbia
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4
FAX (604) 822-5558 r
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The Make-Out Club
at the Blinding Light!!
September n-19. Six shows
by Richelle Rae
Trish Kelly leaned into the mic, laughing
derisively and said, "I thought I'd read a
poem that was about my breasts, since
you're probably all staring at them anyway." And we were. Wearing a revealing
black bustier, a black wig, heels and red
lacquered lips, the vamped Trish used this
blunt approach to open "Punk Lit," a poetry reading that she organised and emceed
at the Sugar Refinery back in July.
"So this is a monologue from my Fringe
play which is based on my zines, The
Make-Out Club." she said with a nervous
laugh. "It's mostly monologue, me charming the audience, kinda like now, only I'll
have rehearsed it for two weeks."
The nervousness might have had something to do with the intimate setting,
because it wasn't the first time Trish had
emceed and participated in a spoken word
performance. Trish made her debut at age
17, at a Rancid gig where she spouted off
about Riot Grrl zines. Unfortunately, the
audience didn't share her enthusiasm and
she "got heckled and booed at by the crusty
punks in the club." But it didn't discourage
her. Trish continued to do poetry readings
and went on to become a DJ at CiTR for a
feminist program called The Mary Tyler
Moore Show while she was still in high
school. .After she graduated, Trish began
emceeing for a series of live-sex cabaret
shows called File This.
Fast forward a few years. Trish is now
twenty-three, and she's taken her ten years
experience writing zines and has turned it
into a Fringe play called The Make-Out
Club. While enrolled in an acting program
at Douglas College, Trish wrote some
poems that impressed heriftrof so much
that he fronted the money j|r her to turn
them into a Fringe play. Tri|j| is like that—
she wins you over, she charjffs you. "I'm a
sucker for communication/ she confesses
over a cup of coffee at Lugzffjfe.
Trish has spent the lastj|f|ght months
writing the play. Although some of the
experiences are taken from her zines,
Trish didn't want to rely on them entirely.
So she decided to look at wjU's going to
happen to her life between now and the
age of fifty. At fifty, her zj||§ has now
become an actual club th;f§jjshe owns,
called, of course, The Make-Out Club. It's
about the journey she took tcfip: there.
When you meet Trish yoi|jj|t the feeling she's someone who is re||||ss, someone who has a hard time wifjjfitasis. She
bubbles over with a kind |§jj|desperate
enthusiasm. This isn't surp^gng. Trish
spent the first seven years |j|j|er life in
and out of the intensive care ffppbVbattling
chronic asthma. By the tijggjgfshe was
seven, she had endured fivJSjlberations
and two collapsed lungs.
At the mid-summer SudjjfjRefinery
reading Trish's delivery w^pjljiirt. The
monologue betrayed her ah'|j|j|fed childhood, without apology. "Wh||||lpu think
about tears, what's the fir.jg||j>rd that
comes to mind?" Trish pausef|||||niatical-
ly, waiting for her audience |j§j|jbnie up
with an answer. "Mine's Tiot.' 'Cause
when you sleep m an oxygen tent and eat
your meals in a cold, damp place and
watch the other kids m ICU from under
clammy blankets the only thing different
about crying is that you feel wum for a
She tells me that one of the themes in he r play ■  .iboul I'linHi
people are wjUiiv to ilo to i\nid il  I lish had so many isolating e
childhood that when she was finally well enough, she set about co
SomethiE-1n=n said during Ihi I*unk Lit perform!um romt". ..a.
at agt si \ ph   the  lalhnw n-teased me. It just we^m^^^^i
n-leased me. Seven years aftrr my first breath I was released upo
hi' 1 lnl ul lo-. limp In make up for." Ifcifltllflii
IrishJpfd something many of us wou^tjjrver hai
r'^SKyihe land of relationship that wouM e\pn .il
possibility—she asked her mother to play her ow
age 50. Despite the fact that her ii^t^^^p
before, she agreed to do it. Trish gleefully admit
to make her mother over for the pai t,   [he best
ing her lingerie shopping. I have a lingerie fe
mother now wears a black-and-purplr- sheer I
"I tried not to just experiment wi 11 nu- hi 1 d
ents, because I think that's already happene
ways—but with my parents becoming me,* sa;
Pretty wise. Pretty honest Twenty-three yes
She puts her head in her hands and says ce
pretty lucky, you know. I've had a few chilly ll
to me but they've all been pretty m.inageahl
emotionally damaged that I don't have pop
people or new ideas."
Long term goals? According to Trish. the-j
a worst case scenario, "My long termsgds^
sarily to have a club where I am enf|Pn|
tant part of emceeing something like a sex i
opportunity to open people up to thelggHB
world. Especially around sexuality. IR§||§
is so important to me; that everyom
feels okay about expressing the
way they want to."
"If you're looking for something a lit
crete," Trish says, "I want to write boc
do everything. I'd love to tour again 1
fuck shit up. Maybe run for mayor 1
some day as an art project. Mess ^
head's and toy with the West Side
working on a collection of short
operations. .And she's publish
as a book, which UBC's Hur
Director, Clint Burnham, is
Trish is consuming life. '
The Boy's Own Jedi Handbook
at the Vancouver Performing Arts Centre
Sep. 15,17,19
by Michelle Mossop
-Giveiv that this play was entitlted The Boy's Own
Jedi Handbook I was sun 'tar
Wars fanatic of a friend to have all of its idiosyncrasies translated to me. But there was no
translation needed In fact you don't even have
to be a Star Wars freak to understand it.
The play isn't just about a kid, a princess, and
some walking shag carpet as they fight the evil
galactic Empire. The Boy's Own Jedi Handbook
is about recess snowball fights, forbidden note-
the mon
and his ;
pop culti
they wei
Boy's Ov
bly the
in live tl
wings an
for those
Burning r
Girls On Top
at Main Dance
Sept 17,18,19
by Lawrence Chew
Leliness an<J. what
ag experiences in
it consuimnghTe.
kbackto me: "But
And the doctors
Upon the world. I
'have Ihe fait: to
jp allow it to be'-a
■ own daughter at
has never acted
Jrnits4hatshe got
; Best part was tak-
Ser bustierin the
becoming mypar%
aened in a lot of
->says Trish.
B.years old.
%b fiasaaUy^l feel
ay things, happen
fefjble.f#io not so
eflefgf for other
pl^ is almost
fe aren't neces-
o^sibihrles in the 0
fjsojSpfh^ (bat
issto and ■
; a httaenBri* con
i DooKs. 1 want terrain someday and
yor of Vancouver
ess with people's
Side." She's also
lort stories about
fishing her zines
Humanities 101
i, is going to edit
ife. Trish is only
ing and those unusually long lines that
lop in front of the pencil-sharpener before
norning's spelling test It's also about a boy
his friend living under the influence of TV
culture—wishing to be removed from their
idian lives, and hve (like everyone when
were eight year-olds) in a galaxy far, far
H|t is particularly interesting with The
M^m^di-Handbookis its set. It is probate mc«t versatile set you'll ever encounter
;e theatre. Being a kitchen orie moment, a
room the next, and then a couple of X-
s and TIE fighters (those are fighter planes
hose of you haven't done your research)
ing Night Sky Productions is able to make a
It's all about image. At least that's what Casey
Cunningham and Carol Sirugo get across in
their latest production, Girls On Top. Along
with the energetic Pamela Levin, these three
women present a fast-paced world of back-
stabbing, lying, intimidation, incessantly ringing cell phones and just about anything else
you can think of to get to the top. It's a land
where buzzwords chime, the dream is to keep
one's Lexus, and bringing back Michael
Jackson's glove is the key to success.
Hey — it's showbiz.
The play is  an hilarious  comedy that
explores the role of feminism and power in
the high strung profession of publishing.
It follows the tale of two women and
their rise to  the top  among New
York's elite while taking on a new
assistant and bringing both her and
the audience into their world.   With
clientele such as Tommy and Pamela
Lee, as well as the man of the past fifteen minutes, Ricky Martin, we get a
glimpse behind closed doors and into
the minds of women in power.
Lisa Lucas' stage direction wonderfully complements liu- .scripL There is
inteiesting contrast in lighting with red
and blue on opposite sides of the stage
bringing a visual statement of the profession's two-faced nature. .And let's not
forget those wonderful musical numbers which are used to move the props
around  (including tangos  and  Irish
dancing).   Levin does a fantastic job as
the woman-in-power character, Chrissy.
She brings life to the play by always
being smart and forceful, all the while
never letting the audience forget that
she's 'on top'.   Sirugo's turn as Jen is
played superbly as the woman-in-power
who suffers from bouts of insecurity. To
round out the feminine spectrum, the
naive, perky and supposedly innocent
Sam,      marvelously      played      by
Cunningham, is taught the ropes of
playing hardball.
With a bit of sarcasm, some fantastic wit, and a whole lot of great one-liners, this play manages to undress the
flaky, superficial life of schmoozing,
gallery openings, and the nouveau
art-form    of   'mini-minimalism.'
Akin   to   that   wonderful   Kevin
Spacey   film,    Swimming   With
Sharks, Girls On Top provides a
less biting image with a feminist
twist and a fitting ending. As Jen
would say, it's "fa-boo."♦
:Pc-.   - 00';.;       • '■
couple of tables and chairs go a long way.
As well, by having the actors use the entire
theatre as their acting space—interacting with
the audience (at one point they were sitting on
my friend's lap)—Tie Boy's Own Jedi Handbook
shows how to produce a funny, high-quality performance on a low budget
The wonderful thing about the Fringe Festival
is being able to see these superb small-time production companies from around the world setting a precedent in the ever-evolving world of
live theatre. Burning Night Sky Productions is a
Mli^^^i^pttle theatre company that is just that
and since they come from Alberta, an opportunity to see a play like The Boy's Own Jedi
Handbook shouldn't be missed. ♦
HOWS IT GOIN' Odessa ShuqUsprcoi. ■ a feci in L.litb and Eve.
Lilith And Eve
at The Blinding Light!!
SEP. 15,17,18,19
by Martin Schobel
What does it take to bring the.;stbiy of Genesis alive for an audience over
5000 years after ite conception? After seeing this production I'd say it
ftakes Lihth and Eve. | |   1   1
I     Playwright and director f|||liy J^^^izijs |evision of the Biblical
I story of Eden begins in the iafllfrn day with Ijitrange figure entering the
I theatre in a black hooded clb(^^Thi:^Hl|an^ Lflith (Odessa Shuquaya),
t Adam's first wife, who was e^tflR fro^Spn ljffcaf se she chose not to bow
I to her husband's will. Eve (tlEI N(l3p£f Wa||crf ated, as a replacement,
■ from Adam's rib, to ensureftJMpshp would bltetabnally
; bound to Adam. In MacKei&||jpvejIpIi thejialef of the
serpent places Lilith as the NlRN w^^pdf eft Ef e, and
begins the cycle of women's ^Bishmentctfu^hg^out the
This play triumphs in barang the talejjalife for us
today. Presenting Eden thrc«ra women's lyes! not only
makes the Biblical stories rejfnnt. but chaises jjthem with
the immediacy of thousand^M1 years of ^lsfration and
angst This company of newljjipaduated UBpacjors has cre-
„f„j „ *.— j„ e r... a^a.„^^ies*,. ^isdbm, andhid^
ated a tour de force of wome^^i'nsuali
den desire. The words of Geiieais flowipeasi
and resonate with deep trut^B,i7/tjft and E
powerful, muscular and femJjBife; it jumps j
between Eros and Logos heljjfsHbfv een thesi
Shuquaya as Lilith plays \ra|tjpd^e^ful si
ness, which is the perfect IiJaJj^(afept>f agi
remorse. Nordin reciprocates with an Eve
naivete. She plays tlie gambft qfyauth to
and passion.
MacKenzie's script is nah^jfijp^j^illloqi
some of the heightened nat^^afijpgrjorij
sets up the story as Lilith hol|(|§if^i|§|] for Eve in the modern day
and follows tlie line through~1^0i$$.ex. rejtelling of Eden and the
events to follow. The story WiCPf&^fifaka. p
The skill MacKenzie displ^|jlr>f:»li fir:
The action flows like wa||i||j^|i:$j| th
moments were off. The tech|y§ff|il|Eien"
every point and the original^^^g^|jeo
On die whole. Lilith and ||§P j||evani
on by passionate people. TwofSfifig&tfes u
show is only going to get br>tterL<»
I for both actors
'ie i$ moving and
lives in the debate
twej women.
lality and a bold-
3ss|on and tender
. of fright, awe, and
|ati with credibility
[ ^vhile maintaining
ial Biblical story. She
tof present with ease,
stfript is impressive
how I saw only a few
jjported the action at
|en was well-crafted.
d) exciting theatre, put
ifroin this reviewer; this University Boulevard
Bike Lanes Now Open!
Improving Your Transportation Choices
The UBC TREK Program Centre thanks
all partners for their support in making this
roadway-transformation a reality!
Our partners in this project include:
UBC Students (via AMS) ($15,000)
Province of British Columbia ($75,000)
Coast Mountain BusLink ($52,000)
UBC TREK Program Centre ($25,000)
Insurance Corporation of BC ($6,100)
Communicopia Inc. (Project Web Page)
Urban Systems Ltd. (Engineers)
Imperial Paving (Contractors)
And a special thank you to everyone else in the
UBC Community (especially UEL, City of Vancouver,
and B.E.S.T) for showing their support. Project details
and pictures: www.trek.ubc.ca.
p A T Aig1 ^4?9L33 4^9Alt!Q^Ei TI o U
at The Loft
Vancouver Performing Arts Centre
Sep. 15, 17, 18
by Syvi Boon
Drugs, sex, and filth. Not a brief synopsis of Moo,
but rather a caricature of the neighbourhood that
cradles the Vancouver Performing Arts Centre.
For Fringe Festival fans, the journey through the
less salubrious streets of the Downtown Eastside
to see Moo may prove more intriguing and entertaining than the production itself.
Moo is a depiction of a woman obsessed. Written
by Vancouver native Sally Clark, the play derives its
bovine title from the peculiarly named lead, Moo.
Moo (Tanya MacPherson) is a garrulous though not
unlikeable woman who falls destructively in love
with Harry Parker (Zoran Bukelic), a charming bastard of epic proportions. The play explores the
dynamics of this obsessive relationship and its progressively degenerative effect upon Moo's life.
Actor Tanya MacPherson, in her portrayal of
Moo, successfully reproduces a realistic melange
of traits, such that the audience gains an understanding of her obsession. As Harry, Zoran
Bukelic's performance is a little wooden, though
his characterisation of the elder Harry is excellent
and, at times, amusing. The additional cast members, in particular Paul Chevreau in a variety of
roles, complement the performances of
MacPherson and Bukelic.
Despite the solid acting in Moo, the production
has a number of inherent weaknesses. Initially, the
play is cleverly constructed, enabling an awareness
of the interpersonal dynamics embedded in the
character's crises. However, the repetitive nature of
the events, as Moo and Harry continue their bizarre
correspondence, leaves the audience feeling frustrated and, eventually, bored.
Although publicised as a comedy, Moo has
merely a scattering of humourous lines, which
are overshadowed by the greater depression associated with the gradual degradation of Moo's life.
Further, the continuous juxtaposition of alternating time frames, and recycling of actors in various
parts results in confusion as to who the characters
are and how old they are supposed to be. This is
particularly evident in the case of Susan (Janet
Downe), who alternates between the ages of thirteen and twenty, yet appears physically identical
and has the demeanour of an eight year old.
Ultimately, Moo is a somewhat tedious depiction of one woman's disabling obsession for a
man. Stick to East Cordova for real entertainment. ♦
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October 12, 1999. Offer is available to new customers only. Student identification must be presented at time of purchase, t One per customer. Offer is non-refundable and changes are not permitted during 8 month term. Urban Myth
at Blood Alley (behind Gassy Jack's statue)
Sept 14-18
*zk,"''*>>*£ •&<%<■
by Alicia Miller
Before viewing SFU graduate Andrew Wong Elliot's new play Urban Myth, producer PT. McGuire commented to me: "It's not as scary as the press release makes it
look." And fortunately, he was right Urban Myth, a play which the press release
describes as about what "happens every day on the streets of the Downtown
Eastside," is in truth more thought provoking than it is frightening.
Set and presented outside in an alcove off Gastown's Blood Alley, the makeshift
theatre is intimate and effective. The seating—located beneath an enormous,
umbrella-like maple tree—consists of a choice between either folding chairs or blue
recycling boxes with the words "Port Moody Recycles" scrawled across the sides.
The alley itself provides both surprisingly good acoustics and the appropriate city
background noise of voices emanating from the clubs and cafes that border the
alley, doors slamming and buses braking. A lone drummer, whose instruments are
constructed from two inverted Canadian Springs water cooler jugs and two inverted cardboard cylinders bound together with duct tape, provides music and sound
The set itself also relies on a suitable sparseness and simplicity, consisting of a
green BFI dumpster bordered by a small stonewall, backed by a building, and
labeled with the words "Corrugated Cardboard Only". The dumpster is actually the
home of the play's main character—a scraggly, skinny man who turns out to have
obtained a Master's degree from our fine institution (an experience which he accurately describes as "too much blah, blah, read, read, read") before succumbing to
"just that one little thing that separated me from everyone else." The "one little
thing" that he is referring to is "Scotty"—'his friend, foe, addiction—cocaine.
Throughout the hour long play, the man, whose real name is never mentioned
likely as an attempt to universalise the story, details his life as a coke addict amongst
the noise and smell of Vancouver, a city which he announces is both "a man and...a
prick". The character, perched on a stonewall literally four feet away from the front
row, speaks to the audience directly in an erratic stream-of-consciousness type
monologue, but the audience seems to disappear whenever he interacts with the
other characters which come and go throughout the play. This phenomenon is flawlessly explained when our coke addict addresses the audience in the presence of a
"small-time pimp" named Remy. When Remy asks who our main character is speaking to and receives the reply, "the audience," Remy immediately mutters, "You crazy
freak" and thereby solves this nagging incongruity for the audience.
The minor characters in the play are interesting but nevertheless predictable
stereotypes whose existence is rather expected given the subject matter. They
include Roxy, a prostitute who comments to our main character at the beginning of
the play, "I can't do you: I know you" but then seems to reconsider when he comes
into a bit of money later on; Carter, the requisite henchman; Anthony, Remy's pimp URBAN MYTH: You get all sorts,
boss and the proud owner of "Uma", his prized El Camino; and Remy, whose sarcastic treatment of his boss with comments like "You're going to make someone a
great wife someday" is quite amusing while his poor treatment of Roxy is quite
But despite strong performances from the actors in these minor roles, it is Troy
Yorke's performance as the main character that stands out Yorke handles his character's wild antics, erratic moodSj
and skittery movements expertly and believably. Even more impressive is that Yorke manages to maintain this believ-
ability throughout his character's cocaine high when his monologue suddenly turns from being wild to being simultaneously barbaric and poetic with its comparisons to both shamans and Dante's inferno.
Urban Myth is a strong play which is paradoxically both about a serious, local issue and filled with comic moments
It is entertaining, thought provoking and definitely worth seeing.*>
Bottom's Dreams
at the Havana
Sept 14,16,18,19
by Andy Barham
Psychoanalysis   and  Shakespeare,   'tis
A concept guaranteed an audience to
For what nobler endeavor than within
A one-man show the Bard to en sequel
Going whither not, the weaver of the
tale himself dared go?
It's probably a good thing Shakespeare
didn't write a sequel to A Midsummer
Night's Dream, because it gave Alan
Lovett an opportunity to do so.
Shakespeare, of course, would never have
written a 60 minute soliloquy plugged full
of malapropisms that would have made
Archie Bunker cringe.
For what it's worth, Lovett has done a
fine job of both scripting and acting in
what is essentially a one-man play about
the hapless Nick Bottom, the poor weaver
who has his head replaced by that of an
ass by the mischievous Puck as a reward
for his poor acting abilities. In
Shakespeare's play; Puck also blinds the
beautiful faerie queen Titania in such a
way that she must fall in love with the first
living thing she sees (plants excluded)
which turns out to be Nick Bottom.
Together, they spend a wild night of love-
making, whence the magic spells are lifted, and Bottom is deprived of all memory
of the events he participated in.
Lovett's play takes off where Shakespeare's
ended. Poor Bottom, who is still convinced he's
a marvelous actor, has vague, fragmentaip
moments when bits of the aforementioned
events are recalled, but alas, like someoitlf
abducted by aliens on an X-Files episode, the
memories are disjointed, and therefore mi in
ingless to him.
In a very simple setting, Lovett gives us a
skillful performance throughout, using a combination of situational nuances, incongruities
between Bottom's view of himself, and the \ lew
others have of him, which he naturally misinterprets, along with the frequent (perhaps top
frequent) use of malapropisms to create a
script that has definite comic potential. His
humour tends towards the British, (albeit
British a la Benny Hill or the Two Ronnie^, as
opposed to Monty Python), rather than the
American model, which is just fine by me.
I have a couple of small quibbles with the
play. The use of malapropism works best when
used sparingly. Lovett used it an awful lot, forcing one to focus on the malapropisms rather
than the play. Also, I would have liked Nick
Bottom to be a bit more multi-dimensional, and
thus, more human. There are tragic potentials
latent within the idea of a Nick Bottom suffering from either real memory loss or False
Memory Syndrome (mercifully, Lovett leaves
the question open) and Lovett should have
explored these. Humour, after all, works best
when the tragic potential is exposed and we can
genuinely feel for the character involved.
Other than that, go see it You'll enjoy it I did. ♦
b.E.X.      (synergistic     bnergy
at Main Dance
ISept 14,  16
by Martin Schobel
With a title like S.E.X. the imagination
goes a little wild with the possibilities.
The sub-heading of Synergistic
Energy Xchange piqued my curiosity,
so I was sold. Being produced by a
company named Theatre Positive and
billed as an all ages show, I figured
that I would be in for a humorous and
witty look at sex; a fresh take on a
topic that can be down right crusty.
What I discovered upon entering
the theatre was that Theatre Positive
is a' company of people living with
AIDS. At first I was shocked that my
expectations were wrong and I prepared myself for the worst. But the
music was upbeat, and somehow I got
the feeling that I wasn't in for a
Macbeth-scale tragedy.
To begin the show all ten members
of the collective came sauntering in,
one by one, each of them wearing a
stylised mask and different coloured
over-alls. They began by striking sex
poses and the effect was dazzling. I
immediately felt energized by the
From then on I was with the show
100 per cent. Each member took
turns   telling   their   story,   some
through song others through dance
and personal recollections. One spoke
of how he contracted HIV in Mexico
after being mugged. .Another spoke of
his time in the sex trade and the club
scene. Each person had their own
story and their own reason for being
on stage. Yet they all succeed in weaving their lives together into tight-knit
accounts that reveal their unique
strengths and frailties.
The most amazing thing was the
utter nakedness of their words. Most
of the people on stage were not performers, and everyone knew they
weren't acting but the fact that these
people were showing such courage on
stage was inspiring.
The message Theatre Positive
shares with S.E.X. is so relevant and
so free of any kind of pretense, that I
recommend the play to anyone and
everyone. The courage shown by
these people is the core of what theatre is about, and having these people
speak their minds is crucial to accepting who we are as a society. I commend Theatre Positive for creating a
piece about AIDS that is both uplifting
and tender, while still communicating the gravity of this disease and the
importance of taking responsibility
for our actions.
I left the theatre that night entertained, enlightened, and with a new
perspective on sex—that sex is a lot of
things, but without loving attention, it
withers and dies alongside of you.*J» STUDENT SOCIETY OF UBC
visit us at www.ams.ubc.ca
what's going on at the ams ?
Live® Lunch: "Clumsy Lovers" SUB Plaza 12:30
Imaginus Poster Sale in the SUB
Toonie Tuesday© the Pit Pub
Live@Lunch: "Jack Tripper" SUB Plaza 12:30
Laffs@Lunch SUB Auditorium 12:30
Imaginus Poster Sale in the SUB
Pit Night
Live@Lunch: "Chixdiggit" SUB Plaza 12:30
Frat Night @the Pit Pub
Imaginus Poster Sale in the SUB
16th Annual AMS Welcome Back BBQ
DDT - Velvet - Ray Condo - Kinship - Flannel Jimmy
Mclnnes Field 1:00pm
Optional fee refunds:
Students who wish to opt out of the Student Legal Fund fee or the Student Aid Bursary Fund fee may do so by
applying in person to the AMS Offices, Room 266, SUB- 8:30 am to 4:00 pm.
( rewenounTw
Do you want a
For more details visit www.ams.ubc.ca
The Alma Mater Society (ams) is your student society. The society's mission is 'to improve the
quality of the educational, social and personal lives of the students of UBC The AMS is
always looking for students to serve on AMS & UBC committees. These committees range
from AMS budget to Environmental policy for UBC. If you haven't quite found your niche but
want to get involved email us at feedback@ams.ubc.ca
voluf^er p-os^-oris w'fh Hor<o«-<=i«-i<aa
ombudsperson: on behalf of students
or staff, investigate complaints about
the ams. Sit as a non-voting member
of ams council.
9e|invdv^ and iniprOves(u<jer)j life ^ campus.
Pa'd Positions.
Rentsline Service Director: Maintain the Rentsline telephone service. Promote Rentsline to the
student body and to potential advertisers. Responsible for screening ads and troubleshooting the
telephone system.
Advocacy Office Service Director: Assist students in resolving conflicts with the university and
resolving their rights.
elections administrator: oversees the
administrations of the AMS elections
and any AMS referenda
mining ft overseeing
Mm supervising Cf»
setting mid help
/of thi tractions
Honorarium Is paid tor all positions
are the membership
TorvQu y
ams coun.
Is the governing body of the ams, it is made up of student representatives from
each faculty. Elections for these positions are held throughout Feb-Mar, depending
on the faculty
student court: exercises disciplinary
powers over ams members &
Clerk Of the Court
Administer and oversee tha procedures of Student Cdoit Receive      '■
iubtnrastons fejm students wishing to cell the Court to session..
SWef Jwstterof Statttnt Cowt
Preside over Slurfcnt Court end administer hearings. SS on the frfhta
¥acie Committee tr> determine whether there is ceuse to call Court to
Session. Note: The Chief Justice must be entering or enrolled in third
yeerlaw. '
Student Court Judge (8)
Preside as a Judicial juror at Court hearings. Consider disciplinary and
constitutional reference cases concerning the AMS, its mernbers and -
:prgartfzatl0ns. ' ■■-' '■'.?.
vice president.
maryann adamec
Safety and Equity Comm(ssT»frer
Campus Relations Commissioner
Wellness Commissioner
coordinator of external affairs
nathan alien
External Commission
president     , ,,
tyan marshal
Officer's of the President
director of administration
Special Project Commissioners (2)
Assist the Director of Administration
and the Student Administration
Commission with communications,
planning, organizing and promotions
of SAC evens such as the Chinese
New Year Fair, SAC wine & cheese,
multicultural fair and other events.
director of finance.,
karen sonik
Finance Commission
to get more information about these great opportunities
come by SUB 238 or visit our website - www ams ubc ca
Deadline for applications is September 21, 1999 THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER U, 1999
Wotherspoon) a few things, giving her more
than just advice on her wedding china pattern.
_ . ^ The actors aren't
nPatS       Hi HIP too bad but no mat
L^O,l*>3     -W-W1C ler  how  gQod   an
actor is in her role,
it's difficult to follow a plot when too many
parts are missing. Later, while looking at the
program,   I   discov
ered that an
Wort Me with Apples
lk Web Cafe
tepTi's. 17,19
  by Cynthia Lee
In any work, what's left out is as important as what remains. This is exactly one
of the ideas behind the story of Comfort
Me with Apples—one of at least two
Fringe festival plays that revives the role
of Lilith, a character excluded from the
Bible and replaced by the well-known
Adam and Eve story. Unfortunately,
when this principle is applied to the actual performance itself, it doesn't quite
have as much success.
Upon closer examination of the play
description in the Fringe Feslival guide, I
realized that quite a bit must have been
left out of the performance of Comfort me
with Apples that I was watching. This version of the black comedy was about 20
minutes shorter than the 45 minutes
originally listed. My bus ride getting to
the Fringe venue took more time than the
length of the play.
The play's omissions are unfortunate
because the story itself is genuinely original. Set in a modern day china shop,
Lilith (Kathleen Dick), expelled from the
Garden of Eden for not subordinating to
Adam,    tries    to    teach    Eve    (Patti
The Kiwi Standup Experience
at the Web Cafe
Sept. 15.17,18
  by Julian Dowling
removed   (the
The conclusion
was unusually
abrupt Given the
length of the play, I
honestly wasn't sure
if I had reached the LCjgif
end or if it was just Ljliip
intermission. There
were just too many
questions left once
the play was over.
All this may have
been a result of opening night anxiety. A
few more public performances would
probably help
Comfort Me with
Apples move towards
its potential to entertain. But the missing
parts of thc pi
made watching it
akin to reading a
book that was short a I
few chapters.*!* QUE SERA:
Que Sera
at the Blinding Lightl!
Sep. 14, 16, 18
The familiar sounds of "The Entertainer" fill the sr
mer air and we all know what that means: The Dixie
Di-e Ire Cretin) truck is coming. For some, it fills us
will) anticipation for Ihe icy treat, but Tor Alice (Wendy
Knapp), a normally reserved woman, it
brings out thi: worst in her. That infamous
tune incites her to vandalize the truck,
which is the premise of Que Sera, a Dogss
Chance Society and Love Dog production for
the Vancouver Fringe Festival. Director and
writer Roneen Marcoux has come up with
one of the most original plots for a play I
have heard in a long time. As Alice is about
to face criminal charges, she recounts to the
audience the personal and professional reasons that have led to her mental collapse.
I must commend Wendy Knapp for her
performance in this one woman show, since
she manages to make us feel sympathetic to
Alice's plight. However, it shows that it is
only her second acting job. On the night I
attended, Knapp over enunciated her lines
as if she hails from the William Shatner
School of Acting. As well, she spoke with little emotion and her facial expressions and
body language were a touch too subtle.
Marcoux has peppered her play with
some laughs, but her direction was filled
with too many pauses. Perhaps, it would
have   been   better   having
Alice say some of her lines
while  using the props,
instead of pausing.  The
play would have been a
whole lot funnier if handled by a more seasoned
actor. Snapp gave a very;
cautious and by-the-book
performance with little-
risk taking. With more
time and practice, Que
ice cream trucks beware.
died f
died 9
If you ask them how they got here, this longhaired duo from New Zealand will tell you they
arrived with the Chinese boat people. Having
obviously impressed B.C.'s immigration officials
with their comedy routine, the pair are now performing as part of the Fringe festival.
Mike Loder, who tells us he is confined to a
wheelchair because he cannot bear the weight of
his own penis unsupported, and his mate, Mark
Scott, kept the audience laughing, sometimes hysterically/during
the pair's wickedly funny stand-up routine Saturday night. This is a
particular kind of humour that could only come from a small island
in the South Pacific inhabited by three million people and sixty million sheep. That's not to say that the jokes are all of the barnyard
variety, but this is not comedy for the easily offended.
There's a re-adaptation of Elton John's "Candle in the Wind" for
JFK Junior, "It seems to me, you flew your plane, like
a carmonball in the wind,"
an update of the
Woodstock classic "San \
Francisco", "If you're ■
going to San Francisco,
you're sure to find some
homosexuals there," and
Simon and Garfunkel's
"The Boxer" made into a homage to Princess Diana, "Dodi-died,
dodi-died, dodi-di-di-di-di Dodi-died."
Loder complains that the trouble with Canadians is that we're all
too nice and lovely to be made fun of, so there's a slew of anti-
American jibes, like the man who asked them where they were from
and observed that they, nevertheless, spoke English very well.
As with all great comedy, the wit is in the throwaway lines, and
these guys toss them off like so many rugby balls. You may need to
brush up on your Kiwi lingo, but whether you're a New Zealander or
not, you're bound to love this show. Brave the weirdos on Hastings
Street and check them out at the funky Web Cafe before they've disappeared down-under. ♦
Off The Meter
at the Vancouver Performing Arts Centre
Sep. 16, 18, 19
 by Andy Barham
Unlike other crimes, counterfeiting requires a
gang. And a gang is only as strong as its weakest
member, or so Agent Ross (Mickey Brazeau)
informs us as the plot unfolds.
The first "real" job I had was as a surveyor's
assistant back when I was 16. The boss wasn't a
Croat, but he was every bit the foul-mouthed, bad-
tempered Slav that Lexi (Peter Mustapic) is in Off
The Meter.
Lexi might seem like an unpleasant stereotype
under the current politically correct climate, but
I've since worked with enough moody, embittered
East Europeans to instantly recognize the type,
and playwright Alan Thurgood has done as fine a
job in painting this particular character as
Mustapic has in bringing him to life. They must
have had a few bad experiences themselves.
All the characters work very well in Off The
Meter, but it's the four counterfeiters who really
stand out The acknowledged ringleader of the
gang is Ray (Graham MacDonald),
a self-contained ex-cab driver
who holds the fractious team
together. Indeed, Ray is the only
character who is able to keep
Lexi in line, largely because Ray
is the only character Lexi trusts
and respects. Ray's old friend and
cab driving buddy, Dennis (Jerome
Broadway), a self-centred, egotistical hedonist who
has only one thing on his mind throughout the
play, and Dennis' protege, the young lad Jack
(Patrick Wright), complete the scheming foursome.
The play begins in a steamy sauna with three of
the four principals arguing over their plans. As the
play unwinds, we learn that all of this action is
actually happening in the past. This becomes most
evident when we meet Ray's daughter, Nancy
(Jennifer Gillis) at the funeral for her father. We
I Sera would be the funny
IH comedy it wants to be.*
learn that Ray had abandoned his family, or had
he? We're not sure, until the
There are distinctly classical elements to
Thurgood's play; we are
treated to parallel narratives
which both serve to advance the plot, and provide
commentary on the story, much in the way that a
chorus would do in an ancient Greek tragedy. Is
the play a tragedy, however, or, as its promo blurb
in the Fringe guide suggests, a comedy? I daresay
that's a question each audience member will have
to answer for him or herself.
The promo blurb also suggests that the play is
equal parts Neil Simon, and Elmore Leonard.
Because of its gritty depiction of working class
criminality, and its minimalist structure, I'm
inclined to suggest it owes more to David Mamet
than it does to either of those writers.
If the- play could be described as minimalist;
then the set could only be described as spartan. It
relied on two props. The first of these was a child's
slide with a bowling ball on top to represent the
ball dispenser at a bowling alley. The second was a
set of IKEA-like wooden benches, which serve their
turns in a steam bath, a bowling alley, a restaurant, a funeral home, and several other low-culture
locations. Nonetheless, it worked.
Indeed, most of the play worked for me. The
characters were, for the most part, ones that
could recognize. There was only one moment tha
struck me as being a bit incongruous. When Agef
Ross begins feeling up a large-scale .Americ
bank-note as she is describing the art and artist
of making money,  she begins to get sexua
aroused by the texture of the bill. A woman get
hot over an inanimate object, like a twenty-dol
bill, is a tired old gimmick, and Thurgood wot;
do well to do as Lexi did with his first draught
counterfeit banknotes—rip it up and start againj
It was one mildly irritating glitch in an ot
wise excellent play, and I'm inclined to displaj
couple of erect opposed digits on its behalf. ♦ 16
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Fringe [day
gives -(he
cowgirl bft^es
at the Havana
Sept. 14, 16, 18
by Stephanie Keane
I'm facing a bit of a dilemma reviewing Sherry MacDonald's Cowgirl
Jane. I had a good time at it; on the whole I'd recommend it, and I
can only remember images identical to the publicity photos. Not a
problem if I had seen it a month ago, or while under a chemical
influence, but I saw it an hour ago, and was, and still am, stone-cold
Parts of this show are a real treat. Aside from the lead, the characters are fantastically over-the-top caricatures of somewhat real
people. The actors float from role to role effortlessly and convincingly. Kate Newman, in the role as Calamity, seems to eat up the
entire stage with her presence. Not surprising then that Jane Smith,
our mouse of a central character, is attracted to her power.
Ah, Ms. Smith. Therein lies the problem. A good 80, maybe e /en 90
per cent of the show is this Jane, perched on her stool, rearranging her
handsome legs and sampling many containers of distilled fantasy
(perfumes and martinis), addressing us, her constrained audience.
The premise of the play is that Jane lives in a fantasy world
where she fancies that every man is madly in love with her. She is
nominally making a journey to a decision that fantasy is better than
reality, so she's stepping in and staying there. Unfortunately, neither Jane nor her endless verbal ramble (it wasn't even a rant. A
rant has energy) goes from anywhere to anywhere. She has a few
good jokes, but she tends to disarm them before delivering and
flogging them to death.
Jane probably had one heart-wrenching monologue that I can't
remember a syllable of. She must have, because the lighting suddenly reduced to a stark white spotlight. I've seen scores of plays so
I know what that convention means. She has nothing much to say
but she says forever.
I fear Jane's creator is a little too far into a different fantasy world:
one in which she believes that we, the audience, bound by courtesy, by
detached curiosity, and by having paid the price of admission, are
watching Jane with fluttering hearts, sweaty palms, and bated breath,
enraptured by her very presence. I wasn't I walked away amazed that
the same woman had scripted the side-shows (including a frightening
but funny teenage date scene) and Jane's porridge of a lecture.
I don't care if Jane walks off to her dream world. Bully for her.
This isn't a bad play, but please, Sherry MacDonald, listen to me and
get yourself a damn good comic editor. Let us see the spit and polish of what you really have there. •>
• Music
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I A I Y..D O L L
until September 30th
by Alicia Miller
Vancouver based photographer Marc Mousseau, like his
work, is hard to pin down.
After viewing his exhibition
at DV8, it's easy to make
assumptions about the kind
of person Mousseau is and
the kind of subject matter he
gravitates towards. But more
than likely, these assumptions are wrong.
Mousseau, who discovered art when "eighty year
old men taught [him] how to
paint," is quick to express discomfort at discussing his
work. Normally "pretty reclusive, pretty underground,"
Mousseau explains, pointing
to his work, "You see a lot of
me up there; more than here,
like this."
"Up there," Mousseau's
photographic works are displayed in various less-than-
conventional formats. Slide
images are projected onto the
floor as well as onto enormous banners, which hang
from the second floor balcony. Collages consisting of
photographs, which have
been painted and then shellacked, hang near the ceiling.
at the Charles H. Scott Gallery
runs until October 10
by Alicia Miller
-^ playi n
Smaller photographs clustered onto frames are mounted just above the heads of
those sitting at tlie tables along the wall, and larger black and white photographs
hang in the surreal, eerie glow of a black light.
It is these glowing black and white photographs that hit you first. Taken three
weeks ago at Long Beach on Vancouver Island, they are simple and startling.
Included in the series is a shot of two women from the waist up, naked and kissing; another is overexposed such that the subject, a nude woman standing in the
frame of a window, appears ethereal and otherworldly. However, the muted, soft
texture of these photographs is not typical of the majority of his other works.
Much harder to view, since both the heads of patrons and the dimly lit interior serve to effectively prevent one from examining them closely, are the clusters of smaller photographs which, sometimes edgy, sometimes beautiful, sometimes surreal, and sometimes tortured, are quite different from the larger ones
beside them. They range from a muted frontal shot of a woman wearing only
ropes of pearls and stockings, to several shots of women dressed in studded
leather S & M gear, to shots of a nude woman holding a sword pointed into her
When questioned about the provocative and controversial style of his photographs, Mousseau replies, "I don't think they're really provocative in that
sense. They're all portraiture; they're all personal."
Because the models are not instructed to bring particular props nor are they
posed in any way, Mousseau's role at photo shoots is more of an observer than
of a director. As Mousseau comments, "All the moments are pretty
intimate...you get to know people in that fast, quick way."
On my way out, I notice a slide that has been projected onto the floor in front
of the entranceway. It is a casual, spontaneous photograph of a woman clad in
a pink, vintage party dress and old-school rollers skates looking down the dump-
ster-lined alleyway. Quite unlike any of his other works on display, this photograph is startling more for the contrast it provides to Mousseau's other works
than its own subject matter.
With a single photograph, Mousseau has destroyed my characterisation of
both him and his work. His work isn't simply an exploration of sexuality in a way
that provokes discussion of what is acceptable for display in a public forum.
Indeed, the range of style and subject matter that Mousseau presents in his
photographic work can only be explained by examining both the message that
he is trying to convey and the way he views his role as an artist.
Mousseau summarises his message as, "Basically, 'fuck it'. Life is pretty free
[and] freedom is pretty important to me." He continues, "I've been to Europe
and Russia: women are pretty second and third class [there] and that's not
right." Glancing again at his work, he comments, "I've got tons of baby pictures
and tons of rainbows... [my work] just pushes the message of freedom really into
every aspect." Thoughtfully, Mousseau explains, "I see myself as an artist from
any century...these are just commission portraits...I mean, people look at this
and go 'It's sexy, it's hot', but fuck, it's like a family photo album to me."
The conclusion: Mousseau's work, like himself, cannot be neatly characterized. Perhaps Mousseau himself explains his enigmatic work and presence in it
when he said, "This is just a bizarre trip—the art surrounding my life and my life
surrounding art. That's all."<»
Upon entering the stark-white room which constitutes the
Charles H. Scott Gallery, I am immediately overwhelmed by the
whimsical, child-like playfulness of Toronto artist Kim Adams'
works. Swirling black and white etchings, enormous multi-medium paintings, finely detailed miniature models, and enormous
life-size sculptures fill the room with an energy and colour which
seem more fitting in a fairground than in an art gallery.
The three enormous sculptures located in the centre of the
gallery dominate the room with their sheer size and colour.
s%\ These, the title works of the installation, are machines carefully
2# designed both to fit in with the commerce of the street and to
J5 encourage the interaction and active participation of the public.
JJJ      But despite their bright colours and whimsical nature, Adams
m* pointedly constructs his machines from an unorthodox use of
—j everyday items in order to question the motivation behind soci-
•K4 ety's hunger for consumerism, capitalism, and mass production
•^ and imply an uncertainty about society's future direction.
*%      The first, Curbing Machine (1986), consists of an enormous
satellite dish which is propelled by a lawn mower engine and
mounted on a utility trailer. When, the sculpture was originally
shown amongst the  street vendors  on Spadina Avenue  in
^^ Toronto, Adams utilised the lawn chair attached to the side of the
^■jj trailer, interacted with the public, and spun the dish. Complete
pm\ with an Ontario license plate and wired tail lights, the machine's
t*A apparent functionality is  misleading such that,  despite  its
appearance, in reality the machine lacks any kind of useful purpose.
Similarly, Gift. Machine (1988), possesses the same paradoxi-
t jsx cal combination of apparent functionality and lack of purpose.
Tp  This sculpture is constructed of two pale blue motor scooters
"* " whichpull in opposite  directions
■from either end. The scooters are
j^ covered  by  inverted  wheelbar-
B rows, attached to two utility trailers, and joined with a horizontal
Hladder which also serves as a track
for a case of tennis and squash
•balls attached to sticks. One trailer
[# is covered with umbrellas while
«k the other boasts brightly coloured
* sacs attached to a circular laundry
line. The proffered gifts—the ten-
jnis and squash ball lollipops— play
with the viewer's conception of the
a m roles that commodity and mass
5 production play in the practice of
$ gift-giving.
Gift Machine also introduces
another popular theme in Adams'
work: the idea of two-headedness!
This theme is continued in the
.final sculpture Toaster Work
Wagon (1997), a transport for two-
headed children's bicycles, which
is constructed out of Volkswagen
van rears and Beetle hoods. It conveys a sense of disorientation and
an uncertainty about which direction to choose. It also offers a
sense of impossibility and
obstructs any usefulness that
could come from the machine.
This iconography of misleading
functionality and uncertainty of
direction carries over to Adams
other works. His miniature models,
such as the comically entitled Sound
Studio for Keith Richards (1997)
which consists of a skull attached to
the end of a mechanical arm to
which truck cabs and tires are
glued. They continually defy logic
and gravity in order to suffuse reality and Adams' whimsical world.
From what initially appear to be
simply swirls of colour and line,
people and cities appear in Adams'
etchings and paintings and show us
how the artist envisions the world.
The exhibit will appeal to all
ages as Adams' work can be
enjoyed simply for its surface
colour, imagination, and humour,
or for its deeper, underlying meanings. Either way, it is well worth
the time and effort needed to
examine the astonishing amount
of his work currently on display in
a small gallery. ♦ 18
1 it
Bruce Arthur
Nicholas Bradley and Daliah Merzaban
Duncan M. McHugh and Jaime Tong
Naomi Kim
Tom Peacock
Tara Westover
Todd Silver
WEB Flora Graham
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper
of the University of British Columbia. It is published every Tuesday and Friday by The Ubyssey
Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically-run
student organisation, and all students are
encouraged to participate.
Editorials are chosen and written by the
Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opinion
of the staff, and do not necessarily reflect the
views of The Ubyssey Publications Society or
the University of British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
All editorial content appearing in Tlie Ubyssey
is the property of The Ubyssey Publications
Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein cannot be reproduced
without the expressed, written permission of
The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under
300 words. Please include your phone number,
student number and signature (not for publication) as well as your year and faculty with all
submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are dropped off at the editorial office of
The Ubyssey. otherwise verification will be
done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given to
letters and perspectives over freestyles unless
the latter is time sensitive. Opinion pieces will
not be run until the identity of the writer has
been verified.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified advertising that if the Ubyssey Publications
Society fails to publish an advertisement or if an
error in the ad occurs the liability of the UPS will
not be greater than the price paid for the ad. The
UPS shall not be responsible for slight changes or
typographical errors that do not lessen the value
or the impact of the ad.
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
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tel: (604) 822-2301 fax: (604) 822-9279
email: feedback@ubyssey.bcca
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Fernie Pereira
Jennifer Riley
Shalene Takara
Tom Peacock ran laps as Erie Jandriu lapsed into savage ways Daliah
Merzaban wasted precious hours watching Jo-Ann Chiu watch television late
into the night Merike Hughes wondered how better to spend the last night
and invited Cynthia Lee and Tara Westover over for a few fast drinks. Duncan
McHugh and Jaime Tong had been drinking since a haJf past noon; Alicia
Miller wandered around with an empty bottle of gin. toasting Barbara
Andersen AishaJanaaJ called Stephanie Keano and left a message saying dial
she'd be at Andy Barnam s with Christian Obeck. Syvi Boon and Andrew
Rovvat brake out in teais, and Lawrence Chew broke into Vanessa Ho's
apartment Michrdle MtMsop mugged Julian Dowling on his way home from
work while Martin Schofael stood watch. James HueuJa and Naomi Kim
bunied Bruce Arthur in effigy in a final fuck-you; Richelle Rae gave Todd
Silver a good-bye kiss. Flora Graham wore a gouache mask so that Mel Stretch
wouldn't recognise her. Erin Shaw took Julie CoJaro out to dinner. Ary
IcMeans ran screaming into Lisa Denton and Tristan Winch, as Nicholas
Bradley wandered purpoMrully onto the ledge. And then it all ended.
Canada Post Public.
is Sales Agreement Number 0732141
Give those people a voice
It may not seem like a big difference. But it is.
To a student, the immediate distinction
between sessionals and tenured faculty is a
blurry one. This is one of UBC's core reasons
why a union of sessionals is inappropriate.
Because sessionals teach the same courses,
they belong with other faculty. Seems
straightforward enough, right?
But even if sessionals do share some
duties with other faculty, the Faculty
Association has UBC's over 500 sessional lecturers trapped in a world of low wages and
limited job security. Sessionals are different.
They are different from their tenured counterparts who have equivalent credentials and
teach the same course, but make $90,000,
compared to their measly $23,000. They are
different from the many TAs who pocket
more money than they do. They are different
when April rolls around and they aren't sure
if they'll be employed for another year, or
when faculty are performing research and
administrative duties as well as teaching.
The sessionals are very different, indeed.
And many sessionals feel the Faculty
Association is not an appropriate means of
collective bargaining.
And they're absolutely right
The university will, of course, argue that
their representation of sessionals is adequate.
Yes, the Faculty Association did move last
October to improve conditions for full-time
sessionals by increasing their job security,
and guaranteeing continuing appointment
after the equivalent of three years of full-time
appointment. And yes, the Faculty
Association opened its doors to part-time sessionals, albeit controversially, in January. But
that is not the point. The university is denying
sessionals the right even to tally up the votes
for their union drive. If a majority of sessionals do, in fact, want a separate union to represent them, what right does UBC have to
deny them this fundamental right of access to
bargaining? None. None at all.
Had the university not opposed CUPE's
apptication for a sessionals' union, the votes,
which now sit sealed in a ballot box, would
have been counted. Given that 53 per cent of
sessionals signed union cards earlier this
year, just falling short of the 55 per cent
required to form a union automatically, a ses-
sionals-only union would probably exist by
now. Two percent—that's a slim difference.
Faculty Association president Mary
Russell says a sessionals union would be
"dreadful" because the courses taught by
sessionals would be cancelled in the event
of a strike, and others would not. This might
be a valid point if unions on campus were
rare. But they're not. UBC teaching assistants and instructors are unionised. If they
went on strike, the whole campus would
feel the effect. Clerical and non-clerical staff
on campus are unionised, too. The Faculty
Association does not exist in a vacuum.
They might as well quit pretending.
Sessional lecturers form a clear, rational
and defensible unit, and must be allowed to
have their voice heard—in a CUPE union.
Because for sessionals, it may make all the
difference in the world. ♦
Canada is
There shouldn't be any doubt
about the significance of the
APEC student demonstrations
two years ago. Despite the ministerial rhetoric, Canada's policy of international trade legitimises the very same regimes
that it privately denounces.
Nothing has changed. The
recent Francophone summit
and the invitation to leaders
such as Buyoya (Burundi),
Kagame (Rwanda), and Kabila
(Congo), each of whom were
either directly or indirectly
involved in the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of their own
citizens, is further evidence of
Canada's morally bankrupt
leadership. Make no mistake—
this is government committed
to a corporate model of efficiency, driven by forces of globalisation, incapable of seeing its role
in anything other than economic terms. The government's
decision to "turn a blind eye" to
the slaughter in East Timor has
everything to do with the priorities of the global marketplace
and the protection of corporate
"Blind" faith in the wisdom
of the global marketplace to sort
. out the problems of humanity is
characteristic of a deeply indoctrinated ruling elite. It takes a
certain kind of "creative" denial
to remain oblivious to a number
of glaringly obvious contradictions in the "new world order"
that the government is so anxious for us to have. As Noam
Chomsky says, "it takes work
not to know—if people don't
know these things, it's because
they don't want to know." In
fact, corporate-driven "free"
trade, unrestricted flow of capital (MAI) and the abandonment
of traditional protectionist economic policies undermines the
very fundamentals of democracy and is at the root of social
upheaval all over the world.
What a fitting irony that the
Chretien government, so quick
to preach the merits of democracy and freedom to the rest of
the world (especially the Third
World), does not appreciate the
fact that real democracy always
threatens wealth and privilege.
Clearly there are two very
distinct and contradictory
notions of what this country is
all about. The government's
decision to carry on business as
usual with Indonesia is a
shameful act not worthy of a
country that prides itself on
noble ideals like democracy and
Hugh Nevin
Peacekeepers needed for East Timor
By David Webster
When Nobel Peace Prize laureate Jose
Ramos Horta of East Timor spoke at
UBC a year and a half ago, he
appealed for a referendum that would
allow his people to choose between
rule by Indonesia and independence.
Last month they finally got a chance to —
vote, 24 years after Indonesia invaded
their country.
Despite numerous complaints of intimidation by pro-Indonesian forces, the vote
was staggeringly one-sided. Almost 80 per
cent voted for independence. After 24 years
of   conflict,   United   Nations   Secretary
General Kofi Annan said in a statement
announcing the result that East Timor
stands on the threshold of what we all hope
will be a peaceful transition to independence. The UN, he declared, would not fail
in its duty to make that happen.
Well, the UN is failing now. As
vicious   militia   groups   set  up,
armed   and   controlled   by   the
Indonesian army rampage through
_____   East Timor, killing and burning,
and emptying the cities as the first
step in a new process of ethnic
cleansing, the UN has pulled out most of its
personnel. UN workers on the ground,
continued next page THE UBYSSEY • TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 14,1999
continued from previous
including a strong Canadian
contingent, have done all they
can to save lives.
But the Security Council,
despite repeated emergency
meetings on the situation, has
been unwilling to heed calls to
send peacekeepers without an
invitation from the Indonesian
government Indonesian President
Habibie might well be willing to
issue such an invitation— if he
was in control. But the
Indonesian army has rejected
his attempts to resolve the situation peacefully at every step. He
and his cabinet, as well as the
national parliament, refused
army requests to declare martial
law in East Timor. Hours later,
the army forced Habibie to
declare martial law anyway.
Indonesian officials, like
Ambassador to Canada Budiman
Darmosutanto, insist that this is
the civil war they have been predicting for years. After Ramos
Horta came to UBC, so did
Indonesia's roving Ambassador
Francisco Lopes da Cruz, whose
main point was that the
Timorese would have a civil war
if Indonesia left. There was a
civil war in 1975, which started
when Lopes da Cruz launched a
pro-Indonesian coup that was
quickly put down, prompting
him to call for an Indonesian
Now, it seems that the army
has decided to create a new civil
war, expecting pro-independence guerrillas to fight back.
But they have refused to do so,
trusting in the UN instead.
There is only one side here: the
army and its Timorese surrogates, who are conducting a
reign of terror. The massive
majority in favour of independence is not fighting back: most
of them are unarmed, helpless
in the face of automatic
are the only way
this can be stopped.
Australia has
already offered to
provide most of an
international force,
with countries like
Malaysia, the
Thailand, Portugal
and Canada expected to make contributions. It all hangs, though, on
an invitation from Indonesia
which the army has refused to
The international community
was powerless to help when
army elements conducted a
campaign of mass rapes against
ethnic-Chinese women in
Indonesia last year, and again
when the army undertook a brutal suppression campaign in the
devoutly Islamic province of
Aceh. No one wanted to violate
Indonesian national sovereignty-
East Timor, however, has
never been part of Indonesia.
There is only one
side here: the
army and its
Timorese surrogates, who are
conducting a
reign of terror.
Neither the UN, nor the governments of Canada and the United
States, recognise the Indonesian
claim to East Timor. An invitation would be best, but it is not
necessary under international
law. The world needs to go in
now, to help stop the violence
and ensure a peaceful independence process as the UN
promised to do. If Indonesia
continues to resist, should it
really be allowed to be part of a
UN whose every
decision it has
More than
that, international help will have
to continue afterwards. Militia
groups are burning buildings and
throughout the
territory. There
will be a need to rebuild, which
countries like Canada are well-
placed to help with. First,
though, as Foreign Minister
Lloyd Axworthy has pointed out,
the security of the East Timorese
will have to be ensured.
UBC students and others have
been holding a nightly vigil at
the Indonesian Consulate this
week. There will be a larger vigil
on Saturday at 3 pm at the
Indonesian Consulate, 1630
Alberni Street, downtown near
Stanley Park.
—David Webster is a grad
student in history
el libyss
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