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The Ubyssey Nov 28, 1997

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Array fencing
C student
Sims his rights
re violated
Casey Smith
capes father's legacy
Vanier win
pepper on our plate since 1918
www. ubyssey. be. ca
i
Necessary force
9
Students accuse
police of brutality
by Douglas Quan
Screams of panic and fear quickly became
screams of anger Tuesday afternoon when
RCMP unleashed a torrent of pepper spray
on about 50 unsuspecting anti-APEC protesters blockading a road.
Officers were under pressure to clear
the road for the leaders of the 18 APEC
economies leaving campus after a day of
meetings.
A couple of furious protesters were
ready to hurl stones at the officers, but fellow protesters held them back.
The confrontation occurred at Gate 6 on
Northwest Marine Drive just by Place
Vanier residence where protesters had set
up a blockade at about 3 o'clock.
Up until that point the protesters were
upbeat. They were passing the time singing
and chanting and had even developed an
almost friendly rapport with the 20 or so
officers standing nearby.
More protesters were sitting on roadways at two alternative exit routes, one on
Chancellor Boulevard, the other on
Northwest Marine Drive at Newton.
By 3:30, the leaders had finished making their declarations at the Museum of
Anthropology. Security personnel had to
decide which of the blocked-off routes to
take. It soon became apparent which route
they had chosen: the one with the fewest
protesters, the least resistance.
RCMP Staff Sergeant Hugh Stewart
approached the protesters at Gate 6, and
warned them that he would use whatever
force needed to clear the road.
Within a few seconds, Stewart and the
other officers started spraying the crowd
with pepper spray cannisters tlie size of
small fire extinguishers. Some didn't even
have a chance to get on their feet.
"It seems they were warning us as they
were moving us," said Mark Brooks, a former UBC student and protester. "There was
no reasonable warning."
"They had two seconds before they just
started spraying," said Andrew Donald,
one of dozens of Place Vanier residents
who were watching from behind a fence. "I
thought the police would need legitimate
reason to spray."
Three protesters were arrested. The rest
ran down University Boulevard screaming
for water.
The officers quickly lined themselves
AIYANAS ORMOND gets sprayed in the face with pepper spray outside the Rose Garden plaza, richard lam photo
University questions RCMP
see Police on p.2...
 by Sarah Galashan
After last week's protests, Martha Piper, UBC president, says she
wouldn't agree to hold APEC on campus without consulting with
the campus community first. Her comments come as some students and activists say they'll sue police over their treatment during anti-APEC demonstrations Tuesday.
Piper said she is proud of UBC students who were active during
the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Leaders' Retreat that took
place on campus. "I was proud ofthe students in terms of their ability to have voice."
"I knew that the 25th would be difficult," said Piper, who added
she's thankful no students were permanenuy hurt.
"I do think students had an opportunity to express themselves. I
do think they were heard. I do think the consciousness of the community was raised. I do think APEC's agenda was an interesting
one for students to examine," she said.
Piper noted that although students crossed into high-security
areas, it would have been more worrying had the campus been
silent. In the months before the conference, Piper found herself at
the centre of anti-APEC ridicule for allowing the leaders to her
house for a lunch Tuesday and saying she wanted to greet them.
But the decision to hold APEC at UBC was made well before her
term as President.
She wouldn't take sides about the RCMP or protest actions
before she first consults with students, she said.
see University on p.2... 2 THt= UBYSSEY • FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1997
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2 OF 49 arrests on Tuesday, richard lam photo
...continued from p.l
across the side road to prevent
any protesters from accessing
Northwest Marine Drive.
When some protesters verbally
confronted the officers about their
actions, the officers started spraying the crowd a second time, this
time without any warning, pushing the protesters further down
the road.
Brooks was also arrested. "I
was in a headlock, pepper-
sprayed...flat on the ground.'
He says he was just trying to
calm the situation down with a
megaphone. But he also admits he
may have provoked the officers.
'It might have been provocative
language, but I wanted to make it
clear that the RCMP was totally
responsible."
However, at a press conference
on Thursday, RCMP Constable
Grant Learned defended the use
of force. He said the 'timeline was
limited,' and the route was chosen at the last minute.
'The  route was  an alternate
route. It was not the route of
choice.'
While he admitted there wasn't
a lot of time to clear the road, he
said the protesters didn't move
fast enough.
The protesters then began to
chant 'Shame on the police!' One
girl at the front of the group, carrying a banner, was in tears.
More RCMP officers, and riot
police carrying shields and
batons, were brought in as reinforcements. There were about 75
officers in total. An ambulance
was also on the scene.
For about twenty minutes, the
RCMP and the protesters held
their positions, separated by
about ten metres.
'It was really upsetting. You
could see the power of emotion,'
said Kathryn Tate, another spectator.
At exactly 4pm, the first of the
motorcades whisked by Gate 6
without incident.
All four who were arrested
were not charged with any offence
and were released.♦
University questions RCMP action
...continued from p.l
But Jonathan Oppenheim, an
anti-APEC organiser who was
arrested Tuesday and jailed for
the day, said some protesters plan
to sue for their treatment by
police. "What happened,' said
Oppenheim, "was that people who
come from middle class backgrounds who are students were
exposed to this unreasonable
abuse of power.
'I think that it's important to
realise that these sort of actions
are pretty routine. I hope people
see the pattern, and not just that it
happened at UBC
But Aiyanas Ormond, who was
sprayed in the face as he slowly
walked towards a police line at the
Rose Garden, will not be one of
them.
Ormond says the legal system
supports the treatment he
received from RCMP officers and
he doesn't see the use in asking
the system to investigate the incident.
The Alma Mater Society, meanwhile, will stand against the RCMP
action. 'When [the RCMP] went as
far as pepper spraying innocent
by-standers it was obviously indiscriminate on their part," said
Ryan Davies, AMS president, who
added that while the student
union executive understands the
importance of keeping the leaders
safe, the RCMP used excessive
force in some cases.
And the AMS will oppose
unreasonable arrests, said Davies.
What that means is still unclear,
but the possibility of a press
release or a complaint seem likely. The formal decision will not be
made until the next AMS council
meeting on December 3.
"From the facts we've heard—if
they're true—then it sounds like
the police definitely went beyond
their role, and infringed on students' freedom of speech," said
Davies.
"I was there pretty much all
day," said Vivian Hoffman, AMS
director of finance. "I think that
it's totally unacceptable that people who were just watching were
sprayed and I think it's totally
unacceptable the way that the
cops handled the people who were
on the road," she said, referring to
protesters who were cleared from
the motorcade route along
Northwest Marine Drive with pepper spray, with almost no warning.
People with complaints about
police conduct can contact the
RCMP Public Complaints Commission, a civilian-run organisation.
Faculty sources say several
departments will meet to decide
whether to pass motions about
Tuesday's events at UBC. The
History department has already
decided to call on the university to
examine police handling of security.** THE UBYSSEY •
BO* 21
Law student plans to sue
CRAIGJONES plans to sue for wrongful arrest.
RICHARD LAM PHOTO
 by Chris Nuttall-Smith
Craig Jones, a third year UBC law student and a director of the BC Civil
Liberties Association (BCCLA), plans to
sue the RCMP after he was arrested
and jailed for 14 hours Tuesday for
displaying two signs reading "democracy" and "free speech" on a friend's
front lawn.
"We've got to design something to
ensure this doesn't happen again,
that the key to it," said Jones. "You
know, it's bigger than me. There's a
lot of other people out there with
very valid [legal] actions that I suspect are going to be breaking down
the judicial fences in the next little
while.
'We have to do something sufficiently punitive that the next time an
event happens like this that they
respect people's rights to protest,'
Jones said.
Jones was on the lawn in front of
Green College, a student and faculty
residence along the motorcade route
taken by 18 Asia Pacific leaders to the
Museum of Anthropology. The lawn
was not in a security zone, and Jones
was accredited to be there.
He says police trampled his
democratic right to expression and
the rights of dozens of other protesters the day the APEC leaders came
to UBC. Vancouver's Heenan Blakie
law firm will likely help him file
a civil suit against the RCMP, he
said.
Jones was arrested around 8:00 am
after he brought the signs, posted on
two rolling coat racks to the sidewalk
outside Green College. RCMP asked
him to move the signs off the sidewalk,
so he moved them he said. But minutes later Jones was told that he could
stay, but the signs had to go. He
refused to leave.
"They said I would be arrested for
obstruction and before I knew it I was
face down on concrete with three guys
on top," said Jones.
And he called his detention "egregious."
"They told us quite clearly that they
were holding us [several other protesters were jailed as well] deliberately so
that we were not able to go back to
UBC to protest," he said.
Jones says the whole reason he
made the signs was to protest an "escalating series of infringements on students' democratic rights.'
But RCMP spokesperson Sergeant
Russ Grabb said Jones was likely told
to remove the signs since they could
be thrown in front of the motorcade
carrying the leaders. He couldn't comment on specifics however, since he
wasn't on campus Tuesday.
Police did not lay a charge against
Jones.♦
Tension mounts over Tibetan flag
by Federico Barahona
Only hours before last Tuesday's anti-APEC protests, the
RCMP removed the Tibetan flag from the roof of the
Graduate Student Centre. But it flew high the next day and
some UBC students are taking offense.
The student society initially flew the blue-gold flag on its
building, located behind what was the APEC security zone,
as a reminder of human rights to the leaders attending the
Leaders' Retreat at the Museum of Anthropology. The
Graduate Student Society (GSS) said the RCMP had told them
the flag didn't present a security threat to the summit.
Kevin Dwyer, GSS president, says he received RCMP
assurances that it would not be removed during the summit.
But early Tuesday morning RCMP officers removed the flag
from the building, citing security concerns.
Dwyer accused the RCMP of going back on their word and
insists it came down for political reasons.
"We'd arranged an agreement with the
authorities in advance to ensure there were no
surprises and the security of the area was maintained, and this symbolic protest would not be
affected,' Dwyer said Tuesday morning.
Earlier that day, a group of students, waving Chinese flags, gathered outside Koerner
Library to protest the flying of the flag at the
Graduate Student Centre.
'We think that Tibet is absolutely a part of
China, and there's no way Chinese people
can accept the independence of Tibet," said
Jun Nan, a community planning grad student. He added he'd contacted the RCMP to
complain about the flag.
Nan said flying the flag was an "illegal
act" because Canada recognised China, but
not Tibet as a country.
A few minutes later, a shoving match
developed between pro-Chinese and antiAPEC protesters in the SUB Building.
Dwyer, who had a security pass, attempted to enter the security zone, carrying another Tibetan flag. RCMP officers initially
admitted Dwyer, but stopped him when they
saw the flag. Dwyer was told to leave the flag
outside if he wanted access. When he
refused, his security pass was revoked.
"This is just an excuse to take down the
flag to avoid offending the Chinese premier,' said Dwyer.
But RCMP Staff Sergeant Plante said the decision was
purely operational. "I've had feedback that I had direction
from two people in Ottawa that told me to get it down, and
that I did it for strictly political reasons, that I responded to
threats from the Chinese community—none of that is true,"
Plante told the Ubyssey.
He said his detachment received a tip on Monday night
that five hundred Chinese students would be protesting the
flag the next day.
'Because we knew we were going to have some problems with the economies attending, I didn't want a sideline issue of five hundred Asian students to deal with," he
said. He added that when he made the decision he was
unaware that Dwyer had an agreement with another
RCMP detachment.
Still, Dywer doubts the flag ever presented a security
threat.
"There was less of an issue of concern for safety'
KEVIN DWYER is refused entry into the security zone, tara westover photo
regarding this flag in this perimeter than there was for the
flags and interactions between Chinese students and
Tibetan students beyond the red zone," he said.
Since the Graduate Student Centre is surrounded by
trees, Dwyer conceded it would have been hard for the aAPEC
delegates to see the flag had the RCMP left it alone.
"I think they were concerned about the five-second span
of time where if a good gust of wind had come along and
unfurled the flag completely," he said. He
scoffed at the notion that a small group of
Chinese students have enough clout to make
the RCMP reverse an earlier decision.
Dwyer said the GSS never met with stu-
'■ients upset over the flag but that the society
had received phone calls and e-mail messages.
The GSS received over 60 messages criticising the decision to re-raise the flag again
this past Wednesday.
One message called the society "totally
cowards," while another told Dwyer he "will
be punished" for flying the flag. A third
warned that a group will 'protest violently' if
the flag is not removed from the centre
immediately. Yet another, from a UBC student, said 'I plan to fight to death' to defend
'the integrity of China."
The flying of Tibet's flag became an issue
during the GSS-opposed APEC leaders summit
'It's quite ironic that international students who have no
voting rights in this country, have full voting rights in this
society, but do not partake, and then come to us and then cry
foul," said Dwyer.
The GSS plans to file an official complaint against the
RCMP for removing the flag, as well as report the e-mail
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What started as an enormous peaceful protest
at UBC Tuesday turned ugly under a cloud of
pepper spray and the screams of students.
FLIGHT CENTRE
THE DISCOUNT FLIGHT SPECIALIST
 By Chris Nuttall-Smith and Sarah Galashan
Tuesday November 25—APEC day—began early for
media, protesters and politicians alike. Each wanted
something different from the day that would become
quite possibly the most violent in UBC history.
But few of the journalists considered the protest
ers' plans Tuesday morning as they jostled for an
official wave or smile from one of 18 Asia Pacific
leaders pulling up to UBC's Museum of Anthropology, forum for the APEC leaders' retreat. "Talk to
me about Taiwan or Tiananmen," said a photojournalist with Reuters. "A couple hundred students is
nothing."
But when 1500 activists turned up to protest the
absence of human rights on the APEC agenda, the
social and environmental perils of international free
trade and the presence of atrocious human rights
abusers like China's Jiang Zemin and President
Suharto of Indonesia, journalists took a second
glance.
For a while Tuesday morning,
after a brief skirmish between
police and anti-APEC protesters
and a few arrests, it looked like
the day would be a peaceful and
powerful one on the campus that
until this week was sometimes
called "The University of Bigoted
Conservatives."
But a massive rally through
campus from outside the Student Union Building to the Rose
Garden plaza peaked at 12:30
pm in a violent melee of pepper
spray and arrests before the
activists moved on to a trio of
roadblocks. The activists sat in the three roadways
that lead away from the UBC museum.
With less than five seconds warning, police broke
up one ofthe roadblocks by spraying the 50 activists,
as well as onlookers and media, forcing the crowd
about 100 metres back from Northwest Marine
Drive—out of site and earshot from the motorcade
route.
By day's end 49 people had been arrested, including two Indonesian security officers behind police
lines who were photographing protesters and speaking into walkie-talkies. RCMP also searched and
released four men with Indonesian accreditation
who were photographing protesters. One of them
wore a black ski mask rolled up on his head.
"The system we are fighting is a violent one, so the
only way to fight that is through peaceful protest,"
Rodney DeCroo, a former student politician at cross-
town Langara College told the crowd outside the SUB
before kicking off the rally. "If you can't abide by that
then please leave this protest."
"They spray us in
the face with pepper
spray—they have
dogs that are
trained to attack."
—Gabby Resch
ubc student
From within the secure zone information trickled
in. Police began lining the fence, an ambulance
parked nearby and RCMP dog teams sat to the side.
Everyone would soon be put to a test for which they
had prepared for months.
At 12:40pm when they got to the 12 foot fence separating campus from the wide secure zone around
the museum, several protesters grabbed hold of the
chain link and tore a section down. The falling fence
caught a group of activists and media underneath
before waiting police moved in with pepper spray
and police bikes, literally beating back the activists,
media and onlookers.
Over 100 RCMP and Vancouver Police met the
protesters, with crowd control police looking on from
the nearby university Faculty Club. The police rushed
to tie the fence to its supports with plastic handcuffs
while not even a kilometre away the 18 Internationally Protected People (IPP)—the world leaders—were in golf carts on way to the university
President's official residence for lunch.
APEC organisers have been
quick to label the APEC operation the "largest security operation in the history of Canada,"
and from the looks of things
they were right.
Troops dressed in green
fatigues and balaclava toques
stood atop the nearby Chan
Centre for the Performing Arts
to monitor the protesters and
the roads to the museum.
Helicopters and plain clothes
police fed constant reports
about the protesters. Police
dogs barked furiously at times
when people got too close to the fences.
Pepper spray only angered many in the crowd,
and several people sat on the ground, blinded,
screaming and crying for water. "They spray us in the
face with pepper spray-they have dogs that are
trained to attack," said UBC student Gabby Resch,
eyes hot and teary, his face flushed bright red.
It was a tense situation and the police behind the
barricades were ready to act. Some 5000 officers
were brought into Vancouver to assist with APEC
security. Many of them were joking behind the barricade and their laughter muffled the chants of protesters only metres awav. They weren't far from the
protest but the divide of the zone kept them worlds
apart. The VIP duty was. a once in a lifetime operation
for many and a few RCMP could be seen posing for
photos to commemorate the occasion.
They weren't the only ones taking pictures.
Suddenly the protests were bigger international news
see next page. IpNs-sflll m
OVER 1500 activists and onlookers turned out Tuesday to
protest APEC, some were sprayed with pepper spray after
taking down part of a security fence, richard lam photos
than the world leaders standing by an artificial pond outside the museum for a photo op. Some of them ran to the
ruckus, but were quickly herded out ofthe way. At one point
photographers were escorted into the action in mini media
pools and were told at times to cover their eyes.
One Vancouver radio reporter told his office over a cell
phone that after twenty years of covering protests he had
never seen anything like the one Tuesday.
Shordy after the security fence had been repaired, a
group of about 40 activists willing to risk arrest decided to
form neat ranks of four and to walk slowly into the police
line. But the first rank, which included Aiyanas Ormond, a
UBC student and APEC Alert organiser, was doused with
pepper spray and police sprayed the substance far over protesters heads and into the crowd. Police threw two dozen
empty botties back over the fence.
One man carrying a Tibetan flag, his young daughter
holding his other hand, screamed at police to consider what
they were doing. "You're protecting people who kill children. You have programs in schools to protect children, but
here you're protecting people who kill children," he said.
The confrontation at the Rose Garden ended after an
hour-long stand-off when police refused to accept any more
protesters offering themselves for arrest. But, by 3:00 pm
the group split to block roads out of UBC, and the action saw
further clashes with police.
Along Chnacellor Blvd. some 30 protesters sat on the
pavement. Another 200 protesters and onlookers stood on
the median in the road, offering support. But a Vancouver
Police bicycle member warned the group that they should
leave. "I'm gonna ask you quietly to leave, that's what I'm
gonna do," he said.
But they refused to move until they could be guaranteed
a venue where the leaders would at least see their protest.
This was probably the activists' biggest frustration of the
day—the security lines were so far back from where the
leaders were that they likely spent the day oblivious to the
people protesting against .APEC.
An RCMP spokesperson, Constable Grant Learned, said
police tried to give the activists a place to protest safely and
peacefully. "Police were aware that there would be protests,
we expected it," said Learned. "But we do have a responsibility to protect the internationally protected people."
Learned also defended the police use of pepper spray.
"In the grand scale of things it's about as humane a way as
possible that you can get compliance from someone."-*?* 6Y <jfal^Y,%igPEMBER 28, 1997
The Chan Centre
for the Performing Arts
Celebrates
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Saturday, Dec 20th, 8pm
Sunday, Dec 21st, 2pm
Traditional Christmas favorites
with a world-heat flavour.
wnh Vancouver Chamber Choir
Ed Henderson & Friends
William B. Davis "of the x-Fiies"
rcudinp 'Tu'as the Night Before Christmas
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$25 adults, $15 students & seniors
$10 children 12 & under
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December nth Baroque Orchestra
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Saturday St. Lawrence
December Oth   String QUartet
8pm
Haydn • Tchaikovsky
R. Murray Schafer
$18-$28
Double Play!
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or pick up your Double Flay
package at the door
December 11
TicketMaster
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MAGGIE BENSTON, STUDENT SERVICES BLDG., SFU 291-1204
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[ jno Buppain . ajsuMAue 6ui>||.?Mi,sng :VINVIAISV1 NI • uo|jeTs a|,,eo E uo (puEq«0D) oojt?||i' jo ooje>|jt?( s> 6U139 . auanoqi
Protesters attempt
to place Suharto
under arrest
WANTED MAN Members of the East Timor Alert Network tried to arrest
Indonesian President Suharto for crimes against humanity, richard lam
PHOTO
by Todd Silver charge of crimes against humanity.
Indonesia invaded East Timor in
1975 and currently occupies the
country. According to Amnesty
International, the result has been the
deaths of approximately one third of
the nation's population.
Officers lined the Chancellor Blvd
entrance to the security zone and
more created a barricade with their
bicycles, forcing protesters off the
boulevard and onto the median. Two
more waited on horseback inside the
protected   zone.   Protesters   who
Police made eleven arrests just after
9:30am on November 25, when a
group of protesters attempted to cross
into the secure zone surrounding the
Museum of Anthropology to arrest
Indonesia's President Suharto for
crimes against humanity.
Nine protesters, all with the East
Timor Alert Network (ETAN), an
organisation that highlights human
rights abuses in East Timor, were
handcuffed and taken to the
Richmond       Pre-trial
Centre but no formal "The students tried to
charges were laid. They exercise their democratic
were all released be- ,       .        ..      x.   , .
tween 9 and 10pm that freedom, they tried to
evening. make their point to
Two Indonesian sec
urity officials were also
detained for what police
termed suspicious behavior. Both wore trench-
coats and one wore a balaclava
Abe Baretto Soares,
who was a part of an
underground student
organisation in East
Timor but has lived in Canada since
1992, supported the actions of the
protesters. The students tried to exercise their democratic freedom, they
tried to make their point to show the
Canadian government that they are
concerned with what is happening in
East Timor so they risk their arrest"
The warrant protesters tried to
serve by attempting to cross the
a^PEC secure zone was issued July 17
and stated that under Canadian War
Crimes Legislation there was enough
evidence to arrest Suharto on the
show the Canadian government that they are
concerned with what is
happening in East Timor
so they risk their arrest"
attempted to
cross the line
into the protect
ed zone were
handcuffed and
placed into a
police paddy wagon.
One protester was forced to
the ground by
three officers
where they applied handcuffs
and another was
taken away in a
choke hold. No
pepper spray was used and no one
required medical attention
Richard Baer, a member of
ETAN and an SFU student, stated in
an interview with the Ubyssey that
he felt the protest was a success and
that the events later in the day did
not take away from the earlier
arrests. "I thought [he arrests] were
enhanced by the events that happened..! don't think they were overshadowed at all because East Timor
got a lot of coverage of what I saw in
the mainstream news."»>
Abe Baretto Scares,
member of etan THE UBYSSEY -fl
ImmAB&fi&ghlr1
Jaggi Singh released from prison
by Douglas Quan
"EverylJhing went ahead as planned."
That's how community activist, Jaggi Singh, describes this
week's anti-APEC protests even though he
wasn't able to participate in the main event
Singh was released from custody on
Thursday after having spent the last three
nights in jail. He was arrested Monday night
for breaching one of his bail conditions.
Earlier that day he was arrested in front ofthe
SUB and charged with assaulting a campus
security guard, David Goodrich, by yelling at
him through a megaphone during a
November 7 protest One of the conditions of
his release was a promise not to return to
campus.
But Singh did return to campus later that day. In front of a
cheering crowd, he ripped up his affidavit, then, together with
"We were going to
expand the APEC
Free Zone and
take over the
Museum of
Anthropology/'
-Jaggi Singh,
APEC Alert
two other APEC Alerters, attempted to break through the security zone and extend the "APEC Free Zone."
Singh maintains it was all part of the plan. "We were planning an affinity action. We were going to expand the APEC Free
Zone and take over the Museum of Anthropology
and claim over the space.
"We were fully intending to be arrested, and were
prepared not to participate on the twenty-fifth."
During his bail review on Thursday, Singh's
lawyer, Ali Yusuf argued that Singh just got "caught
up in the heat of the political fervour.
"Sometimes it takes more than one knock on the
head to get the message."
Judge Kerry Smith told Singh,"it wasn't smart of
[him] to go back to the university." But he agreed that
Singh should not be detained further.
Singh was released on the condition that he not
come into contact with the security guard. A trial date was set for
September 18, 1998.-*
JACCl SINGH fails to break though APEC security zone
Monday night, richard lam photo
UBC protesters march downtown to rally against APEC
£■II It Tl Ji I I 1 I hu lamia \Alru~tAc UllL Tn^.^^i^inw. tnT»nu^ t]—
LETS CO UBC protesters gather before heading off to Rose Garden protest beth yearwood photo
 by Jamie Woods
Groups as diverse as the Coast Salish
Burrard Band and the Workers
Communist Party of Iran joined
forces in a march Tuesday nightthe
final protest against the APEC summit
About a thousand people marched
from Oppenheimer Park to the
Vancouver Art Gallery, chanting slogans like "We don't need no APEC
bullshit" and "Junk, junk APEC. The
protesters blocked traffic outside the
gallery as speakers decried the
Canadian government's role in promoting what they called "imperialist
globalisation".
"You, the people, know the real
impact of APEC, of free trade, and we
will not accept it," said Monica Urrutia
ofthe Philippine Women's Centre. "As
production is restructured, we're seeing an increasing number of low paying jobs, part time workers, unemployment and workers without
unions," she continued.
While many protesters targeted the
Canadian government for its role in
APEC and the globalisation process,
the major theme ofthe protest was solidarity with workers abroad.
"[I'm here] because I can be,
because I won't be killed for being
here like so many people around the
world are. I feel like if I'm not here
showing my support, then I'm being
complicit in the [APEC] agenda," said
Laurel Bischoff, a councillor on the
Langara Students Union.
Many protesters didn't limit themselves to speeches and slogans, opting
for theatrics to convey their message.
Ten people hoisted a chariot supporting a model factory inspired by Dr
Seuss' The Lorax. Others walked
around on stilts.
Bischoff said that while the protest
which was organised by the NO to
APEC! Coalition, was important in
terms of raising awareness, she was
disappointed by the turnout "It's really only a small percentage of the people living in the city," she said. ♦
APEC brings traffic jam to UBC as leaders clog up roads
by Cynthia Lee
Getting to campus on November 25—APEC
Day—was a nuisance. Several streets leading to
campus were closed at peak hours to accomodate APEC leaders on their way to and from the
Museum of Anthropology, site of the leaders'
summit
Cornwall Avenue, Point Grey Road, a part of
Fourth Avenue and Chancellor Boulevard were
closed to cars during peak traffic hours. Only
Tenth Avenue and University Boulevard were
open the entire day.
Cindy Lau, a 2nd year Arts student got stuck
in traffic when APEC delegates left the
Museum. She said she waited for an half hour
as traffic backed up. "People were irritated,
throwing their hands in the air when they saw
the police coming to stop them. Traffic was just
a pain. It took me an hour more than usual—
and I had already took shortcuts to avoid the
delegates," she said.
Teresa Durfeld, a 3rd year Arts
student, said she expected delays.
"But it was a pain as well," she said.
"It was just backed up so far that it
would have taken me an hour to
drive in when I only live 15 minutes
away."
Paul Heraty, City of Vancouver
communications co-ordinator, said
there were no accidents and the
roads were closed off well in
advance.
On-campus parking was apparently not affected on November 25.
Danny Ho, assistant parking manager at UBC, reported nothing out of
the ordinary.
Trace Acres, BC Transit media liaison, said
there was a noticeable increase in ridership
throughout the day. "Since the #4 Bus was rerouted via Broadway, there may have been
some delays, though reasonably short in
DELAY AHEAD APEC caused a UBC-wide traffic jam. steven lawrence photo
nature," she said.
John Wright, a BC Transit driver, described
traffic conditions as "bad" and said buses were
"packed".
Several students reported that police offi
cers stopped buses en route to UBC. "It made
me nervous. I understand the security concerns, but they shouldn't block off transit which
are bringing students to their classes," said 1st
Year Arts student, Noelani Dubeta.<»
If you wish to file a complaint regarding police conduct, contact:
RCMP Public Complaints Commission
670-840 Howe St.
Vancouver, BC V62 2L2
Ph: 666-7363 Fax: 666-7362
BC Police Comission
405-815 Hornby St.
Vancouver V6Z 2E6
Ph: 660-2385 Fax: 660-1223 8
THE UBYSSEY »FRtt3AY, NOVEMBER 28, 1997
St. Andrew's Hall is hosting a Christmas
Service of Lessons and Carols on
Wednesday, December 10,193V at
B:OOpm. The service will be held in the St.
Andrew's Hall Chapel, B04D lona Dr. All are
welcome. Light refreshments will be served .
For more information call B22-1 20"7
CYPRESS BOWL
SHUTTLE BUS
REGULAR DAILY BUS SERVICE
TO THE MOUNTAIN DURING THE
SKI SEASON FROM THE
FOLLOWING POINTS
^c
North Vancouver Seabus Terminal
Park Royal South, West Vancouver
Horseshoe Bay Ferry Terminal
CALL FOR RATES & SCHEDULES:
878-9229
Administration- (604) 926-5612
CYPRESS BOWL
THE   BEST   IN   LOCAL  SKIING
" "nrrm
The Technical University of British Columbia is the province's newest
public university. Based in Surrey and scheduled to offer courses in the
Fall of 1999, we will utilize both physical and virtual campuses to
develop the leaders and innovators of the 21st Century. To ensure our
success, we need people who embrace constantly evolving technologies
- entrepreneurial professionals with the commitment and creativity
needed to help design the next step in educational excellence.
Internet Researcher
You will be at the hub of the web of information in a community of
learning; collecting, analyzing, organizing, and disseminating current
information on educational technology, learning, new media, Internet
technologies and higher education. Working with the Project Managers
in Educational Technology and Learning, you will develop presentations,
write reports and grant applications, and participate in the testing of
educational software. You possess a Bachelor's degree with 2 years'
experience using computer networks to gather, analyze and
communicate information. Demonstrated interest in educational
practice, excellence in writing, and use of Internet search engines and
other information tools will be required.
Web Technologist
You will use and develop leading edge Internet technologies to support
education; maintaining major Web sites, designing Web pages, and
configuring server software. To excel, you'll need at least 1 year of
experience managing an organization's Web site, as well as
demonstrated creativity and visual design skills for the Web or
multimedia. Proven skills with Internet markup languages and
multimedia tools would be a definite asset.
These positions require creative, results-oriented individuals with the
ability to be collaborative players in a team-based environment.
More detailed information on TechBC, these and other positions is
available at: www.tu.bc.ca
Forward your resume to: Bill Darling, TechBC, #1280 - 13401 108th
Ave., Surrey, BC V3T ST3 Fax: (604) 586-5237
E-mail: personnel@tu.bc.ca
TechBC
Technical University of British Columbia is committed to the principle
of  equity in  emt'
qualified individual:
of  equity in  employment  and  welcomes  applications  from  all
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■BED
PRIME MINISTERS of Canada and New Zealand shake hands at APEC. richard lam photo
APEConomics about action?
by Daliah Merzaban
Prime Minister Jean Chretien labeled 1997 APEC's
"Year of Action" during his concluding speech at the
Leaders Declaration.
In a seven page declaration, Chretien summarised the accomplishments of the APEC forum,
which included further agreements on trade and
investment liberalisation, economic cooperation,
and the strengthening of the APEC community. The
leaders also acknowledged the critical importance of
responding to the faltering Asian economies through
the International Monetary Fund [IMF].
"On a global level, the role ofthe
IMF remains central," said Chretien during the speech. "Therefore,
we welcome and strongly endorse
the framework agreed to in Manila
[the site of the 1996 APEC Leaders
Summit] as a constructive step to
enhance cooperation to promote
financial stability."
In the past year, four countries—Thailand, Indonesia, South Korea; and the
Philippines-have had to receive assistance from the
IMF. According to Chretien, "a cooperative financing
arrangement to supplement, when necessary, IMF
resources" is also required. APEC, he said, would
play a central role in providing the framework for
such an arrangement.
While discussion surrounding the .Asian markets
dominated the forum, the leaders also discussed the
issue of trade and investment liberalisation. They
"On a global
level, the role
of the IMF
remains central."
—Jean Chretien
endorsed an enduring commitment to both the
Individual Action Plans [IAP's], in which trade ministers are given a mandate to eliminate their respective
country's trade barriers, and Collective Action Plans
[CAP's], that will ultimately lower the costs and barriers of trade between all the economies. Chretien said
the leaders are committed to annual improvement of
each IAP.
The contributions of APEC's facilitation work in
1997 included an aim of making trade easier and
cheaper by eliminating red tape and delays at customs. The aims will be implemented through the use
of new technology that will allow electronic data
interchange between custom authorities of the different nations,
meaning that travelers will have
shorter waits at customs, and the
delays for passage of goods will be
reduced to hours rather than
weeks.
Environmental cooperation was
raised repeatedly at the conference,
with talk of harmonising efforts on
climate change by reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases.
"We affirm that this issue is of vital significance,
and that it requires cooperative efforts by the international community," said Chretien.
The APEC leaders left Vancouver apparently satisfied with their accompbshments.
At the 1998 Leaders Summit in Malaysia, the 18
economies will be joined by Peru, Russia and
Vietnam.-*
the ubyssey THE UB'
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Thedi
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pose
Pui
itinUBC»3&-23 VasrierCu-j* vfctory over
i1? After running back Mark Xfohr.i scan*-
jnlo the Ottawa end zdik: for ids xc< und touch
11, U261I) framestru< k a winning
in the semi-final to go
'fo^|^Bk^t^*|aoi^',fer the first time in ten
to'tt^trk brought us together.
s^id UBC head coach
:r his father Frank
game. "The guys
arms against fas oak-like legs thai cirricd tiimto
1,216 yards, elcwn t"U< hdowns and a Hi*, i nghlon Irnphy.is
the nation's most valuable football player, Nohra leaned back
and asked, in plain body English, "Who's the man?"
Did Nohra, usually more reserved and humble, get carried
away in leading his school to its first national football title in
eleven years? Maybe. But who could blame him. He was playing
in his home town Toronto. He had just come off a knee injury
to rush for 166 yards and two touchdowns as the curtain came
down on his university career. So let the guy have some fun.
"This is a stage and I was just an actor," he said sheepishly
as he mingled backstage, er, in the locker room with reporters
after the game. Acting or not Nohra can steal a scene. Or for
that matter, an entire game. When the Thunderbirds trailed
Calgary by 23 points early fourth quarter in a must win game,
Nohra swooped to the rescue like Superman. Rushing for 351
yards and three touchdowns, Nohra kidnapped a 37-37 tie to
keep UBC alive in the playoff hunt
And if the Birds' championship run is ever turned into a feature length movie—Return from the Brink of Disasterwould be
fitting—Nohra's performance against Calgary earned him the
leading man role. Combining speed and power, Nohra has all
the physical tools to play pro football. Said UBC quarterback
Shawn Olson: "It would be a
travesty it he does not go on to
play pro next year."
Nohra intends to do just
that But he hopes it won't be
for the Hamilton Ti-Cats, the
Canadian Football League franchise that drafted him in the
fourth round of the 1996
Canadian College draft. Nohra
wants to play south of the border. And the National Football
League is interested.
He impressed at the 1996
NFL combines and Seattle,
Washington and New England
sent scouts. But a sore hamstring slowed him down. "I wasn't able to rush for them. I
guess it wasn't meant to be last
year," he said.
Nohra helped his cause by
becoming only the third player
ever to win the Vanier Cup and the Hec Crighton trophy in the
same year.
But the odds of playing in the NFL are still against him. Only
a select few Canadian university football players have made the
NFL—1993 Hec Crighton winner Tim Tindale, also a rurining
back, being the most notable one in recent years. "I don't expect
anything, I don't take anything for granted," he said.
"But" said team-mate and long-time friend Paul Orazietti,
"he just keeps surprising." Like he did in his Grade 11 school
year when he came home and told his less-than-impressed
mother he'd play football. Or when he opted for UBC rather than
stay close to home. "I just wanted to get away,' he said. 'I like to
do things my way.'
One can only guess then what he felt as he paced the sidelines on a wobbly right knee, unable to play after he suffered
strained ligaments in the Birds' season finale victory over
Manitoba
But UBC got the job done without him in the next two games.
They beat Calgary 3 9-21 in the divisional final and then hung on
L<f#>than they did before
HEC CRIGHTON award winner Mark Nohra
his sights on the NFL. richard lam photo
UBC quarterback Shawn Olson certainly had
more faith in himself. After he threw four picks in
the first two games of the
season, Olson was searching for answers. But he
slowly regained his confidence and had an outstanding post-season. Passing for 836 yards and eight
touchdowns in three playoff games, Olson made
all the right calls when he had to: consider the one
that gave UBC a 16-6 lead on a 2 9 yard touchdown
pass to Frank Luisser. "We had a power [run,
called to Mark," said Olson. "I just looked over and
I saw the corners were [playing] off. They're going
to be man-to-man coverage, so I just audibled a
quick out to Frank. He shook off that first guy and
then he was gone.'
If people ever questioned Olson's arm, resolve, and leadership, they were silenced that afternoon The Birds' defense also
converted those who doubted them. UBC's defensive coordinator Dave Johnson is after all the son of an ordained priest
Preaching a fiery brand of
defense and blessed with amazing depth at all positions,
Johnson made the Birds'
defense one of, if not the most
fearsome defensive unit in the
nation You could call them The
12 Angry Men.
After the 1996 season ended
with UBC losing to the
Saskatchewan Huskies in the
Canada West final, the defensive
coordinator position opened up.
Smith encouraged Johnson to
apply for the job, but Johnson,
      an-ex     linebacker
DAVE JOHNSON, middle, made UBC's defense one A with the BC Lions,
of the best in the country richard lam photo j had some reserva-
 tions about leaving
his head coaching job
with the Abbotsford Air Force, a
BC Junior Football League outfit
playing    an    hour    outside
Vancouver. He and his wife had comfortable lives and just
bought a new house in the .Abbotsford area.
Smith and Johnson eventually met for lunch at a popular
Abbotsford sports bar aptly called Coach's Corner. As Johnson
recalled they just hit it off and he took the job. In fact they
became such good friends that cold winter afternoon,each wanted to pay the other's bill. They settled the argument with a
friendly arm-wrestling match.
In the end, Smith picked up the cheque, but Johnson has
repaid him many-fold with a national championship defense.
'I'm not regretting that one. That was one the best moves I have
ever made," said Smith.
But you couldn't tell from the first game as UBC gave up 30
points to the Saskatchewan Huskies. 'I was in complete, white-
hot rage after that game," recalled linebacker Stewart Scherck,
the Vanier Cup's defensive player with seven tackles and one
fumble recovery. "We just knew that was not the way we're
going to go. That loss actually helped us a bit It gave us a taste
of defeat"
More humble pie was served during the Vanier Cup All-
Canadian awards dinner. Not a single UBC defensive player
was asked to step on the podium as the All-Canadian defensive
team wa"s introduced.
UBC's secondary alone had three deserving players: Curtis
Galick, Chris Hoople and Shane Sommerfeld. "We're like
Rodney Dangerfield—we get no respect," protested secondary
coach Noel Thorpe. But if UBC was looking for respect, they
were not going to get it from the Toronto media.
The Globe and Mail, Canada's national newspaper based in
Toronto, predicted an Ottawa win. TSN, The Sports Network
aka Toronto Sports Network, suggested UBC's speed on
defense was deceptive and the defensive line was riddled with
holes.
Ottawa only wished the so-called experts were right.
Ottawa's heralded receiver/return duo of Chris Evraire and
Ousmane Tounkara flopped worse than Speed 2.
UBC limited Ottawa to six first downs in the first half and
101 yards rushing for the game. Ottawa did score 15 points in
the fourth quarter against UBC's second-string defense to make
the score respectable, but for the three first quarters UBC had
Ottawa pinned up against the ropes and didn't let go.
UBC's defense finally received some deserved attention.
But Nohra couldn't ask for more the moment he arrived in his
home town. Mobbed by the media, Nohra seemed to answer
two questions all the time: how's your knee Mark and what is
it like to play in front of friends and family?
Speaking of friends and family, it was a good thing the
Nohra clan showed up to the game.
Only 8,184-an all-time low—drifted into SkyDome Saturday
afternoon, causing much embarrassment for CIAU officials. But
the low attendance did not come as a surprise. Ottawa against
UBC looked good on paper, but nobody in Toronto, Mayor
included, cares about Canadian football.
But it was a surprise that Frank Smith made the long physical and emotional journey to Toronto.
After he was fired as UBC head coach in 1994 and replaced
by his son, the elder Smith turned his back on UBC football and,
some say, on his son, too. But he was not going to miss this one.
aAfter the game, father and son embraced. 'Congratulations,'
the elder Smith simply whispered.
Another family reunion took place in the stands. Still flushed
from success, Nohra skipped the immediate celebrations in the
Birds' locker room and met his family. Surrounded by empty
blue seats, he and his mother just sat there and talked. He had
finally come home.»>
.It-  *
ar-W'-
*■*>- *j:
P6HW"*
*ZZs
mn*s*
m****
ubyssey PARTS I-III
VANCOUVER CHAMBER CHOIR
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Pre
::?PP:: i\   ^Vj 1 ^    I    j\   |j
Double passes to an advance screen ins: of Steven
Spielberg's new movie, "AMISTAD." are waiting
lo the first 30 readers who come by SUB 241 K
and tell us the name of Spielberg's debut film.
6lopue^«iB«<aS8$saryr
TONY IVANCIC PATCHES
up every 'Birds
jersey the night
before the big came.
DEFENSIVE MVP STEWART SCHERCK
was a key for the 'Birds defense.
He finshed the game with 6
tackles and 1 sack.
DEFENSIVE COORDINATOR DAVE JO
goes over the game plan with h
before kick-off. The 'Birds had on-
toughest and stingiest defense:
country tf
iMt-Bi%mmmm*-^.m», rr
a^a^ft* m^^ -f^^k      *$"*
THE UBYSSEY-R
ifc IV *•      %
X
"■%■-
/  /
/*"/
Ubyssey Publications SocJ
1998 Board of Directors Elections
The Ubyssey Publications Society is the pfgdnization responsible
for publishing UBC's official student newspaper, the Ubyssey. Its
membership consists of all UBG students who have n&f opted out of
mdfttbership in September by completing an opt-out form. Members
are'ell^fle to run fqr, and vote in, Board Elections.
The Board of Direct^r||ioversees the administrative and business
aspects of the paper including advertising, rr^keting, distribution,
the budget and finaribes, meetings of the Socifety, and management
of employees. I
_ yr-"      ' ^w
»^>:;»*'W-:
The Board is not, however, inyplve^in the editorial aspects of the
paper. TJii editorial fiolfdy and content of the paper is determined
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THe potions up4^SRii$ion are the President and 4
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NcWination for^s-dmvfeitable at th© Ubyssey Bi^lnfes
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Elections fiWKperftefcf-in conjunction wftft the AMIIfP^iutive, UBC
Board of Governors, and Senate Elections, JanMry 19 to 23,1998.
Wm more information contact Melany Lund, UPS Chief Returnmg
Officer at 822-6681 1- THE UBYSSjV^ FRIDAY, N6VEMBER 28, -.997x13?
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Fair trade: to be or not to be?
by Dale Lum
While the APEC leaders were busy hashing out deals and refining their vision of free trade this week, trade talks of a different sort have been happening elsewhere around town.
But while the negotiations will surround the challenges of importing coffee from Latin America, they won't
be spurring any activity at the Vancouver Stock Exchange.
Alternative trade organisations, practising what they
call "fair trade," don't cater to pin-striped speculators.
They negotiate trade terms and prices hy consensus and
consider working conditions and environniental protection when dealing with suppliers.
In a recent speech at the SFU Harbour Centre, Gaspar
Tomas, a former coffee plantation worker in Guatemala,
said fair trade is something Guatemala's coffee workers
could use a lot more of
At the time of the coffee harvest in Guatemala, whole
families migrate to the coast to find much needed work. But
life on the plantations doesn't exactly resemble the images
of Juan Valdez. Tomas and his family were paid two dollars
for every hundred pounds of beans they picked. Plantation
owners did not provide gloves, masks, or protective gear for
workers who sprayed pesticides. And the plantations they
worked at provided little more than a shack to live in.
"There's no rooms, no kitchen, no bathroom," he said.
There's no access to a doctor, and the food rations that
we get aren't of good quality. So the farnilies who come
down from the mountains die in the coffee planta-
tions....lhe owners of the coffee plantations don't care
about human lives." said Tomas, his soft Spanish a contrast to the situation he describes.
One of the ways to improve working conditions for
plantation workers is to trade only with democratically-
run cooperatives, says Bob Thomson, director of Fair
TradeMark, an organisation that certifies fair trade products in Canada.
"We have now a register of 340 marketing co-ops in
Latin America and Africa organised by Latin American
and African small farmers," says Thomson. "When we say
small farmers, we mean family farmers—people who own
anywhere between one and five acres of land, and who
work the land themselves without any hired labour except
perhaps at harvest time, when they may hire a neighbour
or a family member."
To earn the fair trade label, an importer must buy from
a democratic farmers' coo-p for more than the world price.
"Under the fair trade system, if the world price is higher than our floor price (of US$1.26 per pound], the fair
trade premium is five cents a pound. So if "the world price
in New York today were $1.70 a pound and somebody
signed a contract with a coop in Guatemala today, they
would pay $ 1.75 a pound," says Thomson.
Fair TradeMark also eliminates the middleman by
requiring investors to buy directly from the co-op, and
makes sure fhe farmer has a chance to plan ahead.
"One ofthe other conditions is the importers sign a letter
of intent to buy for more than one crop cycle—so they buy for
more than one year," says Thomson. "We also ask that
importers pay 60 per cent of the price of the coffee at the
time of signing the contract And that's a loan to the coop."
In Vancouver, one ofthe places to purchase fairly traded products is the Oxfam run Bridgehead store.
Bridgehead was started by members ofthe United Church
who wanted to support farmers in Nicaragua, at a time
when the country's revolutionary government was facing
not only a US embargo but also a powerful US supported
counterinsurgency. In 1981, Oxfam agreed to buy
Bridgehead from the United Church. They expanded their
coffee selection, buying not just from Nicaragua, but also
from cooperatives in Mexico. And they got into crafts.
Michelle Limberner, a program coordinator at
Oxfam's Vancouver office, says coffee is the second most
traded commodity in the world, after petroleum. Despite
a tiny market share, she says the work of alternative
traders is still significant "Even today, for alternative
trade organisations world-wide, it only constitutes about
three percent of all the coffee traded. So it's still very
small, although, it's starting to grow."
Limberner says that sioce one of Oxfam's goals is community development the coops are obligated to contribute a portion ofthe profits back into the farm, or assist
in community economic development Some ofthe help
provided by Oxfam to the producers include skill training,
product development, and organic agriculture.
"Now we're getting coffee from Colombia, so we can
work with "tanners there to use what they call shade coffee,
[which] will grow in the shade and will grow on rocky soil
and will grow quite high But this way coffee can be grown
in areas that normally you couldn't grow food on. We try to
work with farmers so that we're not using really fertile land
that they normally use to grow food," Limberner says.
While fairly traded coffee occupies only a niche market
in North America, it's made it onto supermarket shelves
in Europe. One of the main goals for Oxfam is to
get their products into the North American
mainstream. But for groups like Oxfam, it's been
an uphill battle to convince retailers to stock
their products.
"We're constantly having to prove what we're
doing and how we're doing it..Nobody questions
Nabob where their beans come from they just
go, 'Here it is, here's the price," Limberner says.
While fair trade is most commonly associated
with developing countries, its precepts of social
and environmental consciousness can be
applied to a local level as wefl. While farmers in
BC aren't toiling under the extreme working conditions of Latin American and African coffee
plantation workers, the continuing erosion of
the agricultural land base by soil erosion and
urban sprawl is causing some people to worry
about the future availability of a safe, local food supply.
Evergreen Organies is ahorne delivejy service of locally grown organic fruits and vegetables, started three years
ago by Marian Halle and Jared Irwin. At the time, Halle
and Irwin were active around environmental issues and
were looking for a way to make a living while rantinuing
that activism. One of the concerns which led to the creation of Evergreen was the sustainability of the local food
supply. All of Evergreen's products are organically grown
and, as much as possible, supplied by small farmers from
the Lower Mainland.
"The cumulative impact is mat we won't be able to feed
ourselves here in British Columbia if we don't take care ofthe
land base. So by getting involved more directly with the growers helps to shift the responsibility to producers and consumers, so that you're eliminating 'agribiz' and their role in
the equation. And certainly it's just a more conscious relationship to food production and consumption," says Irwin.
Irwin and Halle explain that food produced by large
corporate farms in the US is often cheaper than that
grown locally, but that people need to realise there are
hidden environmental costs involved in trucking food
long distances and in using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. They feel that it's important to support local organic growers who have a difficult time competing.
"So the farmer grows all this lettuce. And the main
warehouses here will say, Teah, but we can get this lettuce in the United States for $ 11 a case.' The growers here
can't afford to grow it for that, they grow it for more like
$16 a case. So it's a huge price difference in growing lettuce. So what happens with Evergreen is that they know
that we will buy, that there's a commitment to them. With
warehouses the bottom line is the buck, stilL They'll abandon them and buy the cheaper lettuce from California,
which is about five dollars a case cheaper," says Halle.
Halle says that while the majority of agricultural lands in
the United States are corporateowned, the majority of
Canadian forms are still l!amijy owned. While the corporate
farm is more cost effective, it doesn't produce the highest
yield. "The mostprcKlucuve agricultural land is still a family-run farm. And there's a need to protect that" she says.
Over the three years that Evergreen has been in business, Irwin and Halle have developed strong relationships with farmers, who appreciate the long term commitment and direct access to the market they receive with
Evergreen. "And farmers, generally they really appreciate
the fact that the food is coming to the customer in the best
possible condition that you can get You can't get fresher
food," states Halle. Because ofthe advantages they receive
over conventional markets, some farmers will only deal
with home delivery services such as Evergreen, she adds.
While there are significant advantages of fair trade over
conventional trade, tiiere are barriers preventing it from
becoming widespread. Kathleen Ruff, a research associate
with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and volunteer with OXFAM, feels that the profit-making interests of
multinational corporations are in opposition to the fair trade
principles of human rights and environmental protection.
"The basis of Oxfam is not charity, it's justice. So j'ou
need to try to look at what is causing the extreme inequality and injustice in the world, and basically the trade system that we have—the globalisation—is increasing
inequality in the world," states Ruff.
She notes that of the 100 largest economies in the
world, 51 are multinational corporations and 49 are
countries. Globalised trade, she says, has created tremendous wealth, but for only a small number of people.
Ruff has little faith in governments to enact positive
change. She uses the repression of the Ogoni people of
Nigeria by Shell and the Nigerian government as an example of how a government can be complicit in the subjugation
of its own people. In the case of the Canadian government
she says that while Andre Ouellet is no longer the minister
of foreign affairs, Canada will trade with a country no matter how bad its record on human rights. "I flunk it's still very
much the policy, and that is that trade comes first" she says.
APEC leaders were widely
criticised this week for
pushing a free trade agenda,
for which they say there is
no alternative. But as a few
organisations are showing,
there are alternatives.
Ruff says mat the situation of workers such as Gaspar
Tomas is <**orm*aonplaee in places like Latin America.
"When the workers try to organise for better conditions,
they are subjected to violence and torture and kftlings.
Like in Colombia, huge numbers of the independent
union leaders have been killed by the death squads. And
so fair trade respects the right to organise ofthe workers."
But Ruff is optimistic that corporations can be made to
change, noting that they are very sensitive when it comes
to the marketplace. She says that if consumers want a different flavour of coffee, for instance, a company will
respond very quickly to their wishes. Ultimately, she feels
that the power to create change lies with the consumer.
"So the question for Canadians is, do we just say 'Oh
well, we don't care, we just want to enjoy our cup of coffee
and we don't care how many people's lives are made miserable producing it' or do we say 'We can do something, we
can put our pressure on these corporations to change'?"-* 1997
Give your parents
a mid-life crisis.
Cavalier Z24
1-800-GM-DRIVE.
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General Motors Corporation.
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to program rules.
The X-Mas Files
at Arts Club Theatre
Nov. 26 until Jan. 3
by Ronald Nurwisah
The Vancouver TheatreSports
League has proven that they are
skilled pop culture coroners, as
many a trendy show or film has
felt the sting of their scalpel once
they've been dissected and
served up for laughs at their own
expense. Their latest victim: The
X-Files. How fitting. The show's
conspiracy theories and plot lines
are often so convoluted that no
one really knows what's going on.
Ultimately this confusion lends
itself to the general chaos and
unpredictability of the improvisation that this group excels in.
The story is a simple one:
Agents Smolder and Sulky are
members of the F.I.B. They are
sent to investigate a grisly murder. Once this basic fact is established almost everything else is
left open to the audience. That
particular night we had a hapless
employee of a shipping company
"volunteer" to take part in the
night's improvisation. The resulting story was bizarre. There were
some great gags; one of my
favourites was when they were
kicking cats around a Christmas
tree.
The cast and writers of The X-
Mas Files do a great job parodying The X-Files. All of the X-Files
mainstays such as the Lone
Gunmen and Assistant Director
Skinner were replaced with their
hilarious counterparts. The best
example of this change would
have to be the transformation of
Frohike, one ofthe Lone Gunmen
on The X-Files, into a character
named Dohickey. Like his TV
counterpart Dohickey also has an
intense crush on Agent Sulky.
Another great transformation
was the character of Candyman—
a play on William B. Davis'
Cancer man-where Cancerman's
trademark cigarette was replaced
by a candy cane.
Although The X-Mas Files did a
great job lampooning The X-Files
the performance seemed to be a
little lackluster. Perhaps it was
the lack of energy in the audience
but the improvisation that night
was not what one would expect
from such a professional company. The show also could've been
more polished. The crew and cast
seemed to have little experience
working together, sounds effects
were often miscued and followed
up with poor delivery by the
actors. One example was the case
of the itchy trigger finger, which
had the gunshot repeatedly going
off, while the agents were trying
to explain the case.
Even with these difficulties,
the cast managed to pull out a
performance which at times was
very funny. The humour in the
performance was mainly snappy
one-liners, or the group's interesting, and perhaps disturbing,
use of the Christmas theme during the performance. That night
we had Santa Claus trying to corner the world market on
Methanol.
Tracy Holmes, who played the
part of Agent Sulky, did a great
job. Without missing a beat she
convincingly tied together K
mart, cosmetics, an eye exam and
cheesecake as a scientific explanation for the disappearance of
her partner.
Although it seemed to fall
short on opening night, The X-
Mas Files definitely has a lot of
promise. The X-Files has done
shows on everything from government conspiracies to human
lightning rods. The possibilities
for a group lampooning the show
are endless.♦ THE U8YSSSV *FRtfW, NOVEMBER 28, 1997
15
Studio 58 down under
Our country's Good
Studio 58
Nov. 28 until Dec. 14
by Penny Cholmondeley
Don't expect any authentic accents in
Studio 58's production of Our
Country's Good. While the play is set in
18th century Australia, teacher and
director David Latham is focusing on
the theatrics rather than historical accuracy.
Written by Timberlake Wertenbaker
and based on the historical novel The
Playmaker by Thomas Keneally, Our
Country's Good follows the struggles of
the first convicts to reach Australia in
1787. Faced with the hardships of life in
a penal colony, a group of prisoners are
persuaded to put on a play to boost their
spirits.
Latham was attracted to the script
for a number of reasons. As an
Australian, Latham felt he could add
some tangible experience to the production. More importantly though, he
felt that the play was written with particular care, and that ingrained in its
humour is a very focused message.
"This play is...about the way people
treat other people. It's about dealing
with people's humanity," said Latham.
"I think it's a very interesting show.
It's very funny show, and it's at times a
very moving piece. I think it's a play
that has something to say without being
didactic..."
According to Latham, the piece
works well as part of a professional
framing program, ft allows theatre students with a wide range of skills and
experiences to work collectively.
"I was also very much attracted to
the play because it is very much an
ensemble piece..it's a play that really
depends upon people working together."
Latham   believes   the   program,
through substantial productions like
"Our Country's Good", provides the
type of atmosphere students need to
gain experience.
"If you're going to train actors or
production people for the theatre the
only way to do it, is for them to actually
do it.it is a practical program where
they learn about the doing of theatre,"
explained Latham.
For actor Brent Cook (Major Robbie
Ross) the subject of the play closely
reflects the learning environment at
Studio 58.
"This play is a mirror almost like
this program works. That's what's so
funny about this play," said Cook. "It's
about taking all these people from completely different histories and backgrounds and ranks and status
levels...and throwing them together in
this mash and then trying to organise
something out if it."
Likewise, actress Jennifer Hill (Mary
Brenham) believes the play, while by
necessity leaving out some details, will
have a very immediate impact on the
audience.
"In the play, for me, there's so much
more heart and depth and layers and
layers and layers to the characters that
you don't get in the book. It's thick, it's
a thick, thick play."
Both Hill and Cook feel the action is
humorous on a number of levels, and
that the elements of tragedy and comedy within the play are linked carefully.
"You get to see people at a very desperate stage and a lot of humour comes
out of that," laughs Cook.
"It's almost like a little dig at putting
on a play because we say so many
things that actually happen in real
rehearsals—it's so funny," he added.
Studio 58 is offering a free student
night this Friday, November 28th to
anyone with a valid student card. The
show's regular run is from November
29th to December 14th.-*
Ripley should have stayed dead
Alien: The Resurrection
at theatres everywhere
by Alec MacNeill-Richardson
On Wednesday November 26th, witness the birth of
a new filrrunaking style. Not only will Sigourney
Weaver rise from the dead to star in the much anticipated tetralogy, Aliens 4: The Resurrection, but the
team of Dan O'Bannon, Ronald Shusett and Jean-
Pierre Jeunet have also brought on a revolution in
the writing/directing process.
By shooting scene by scene in chronological
order, it allows time for the lines ofthe next scene to
be written. This keeps the movie fresh and inventive
for not only the production crew and the actors, but
for the audience also. Pre-production costs are minimal and the lengthy and often expensive process of
editing is virtually eliminated. From full-scale production to silver screen in less than six weeks-truly,
a Hollywood producer's dream.
There are some unfortunate, but relatively minor
setbacks in using this innovative technique.
Continuity must be carefully monitored to avoid
creating too many loose ends. The Resurrection
crew dealt with this problem effectively by taking
notes. Any vital information to justify a character's
actions that was missed in the pertinent scene could
then be inserted at a later time whenever a convenient and frequent lapse in the main plot appeared.
The quick flick format is also said to lead to slow
and often non-existent character development.
Resurrection surmounts this problem by eliminating as many human characters as possible by the
halfway point of the film. Aliens are easy to direct,
and have very few lines. With the audience awaiting
their demise at any moment, the few remaining cast
members can be allowed as litde dramatic eloquence as is found in most cold readings.
But what this new shoot and scoot innovation
could not overcome was the ineptitude of plot
Funny lines and slime do not gloss over the simple
fact that THIS MOVIE SHOULD HAVE NEVER BEEN
MADE. Ripley died at the end of Alien 3. She died
rather badly falling into a pool of molten metal with
an alien bursting out of her stomach. It shows you to
what extremes Hollywood will go to resurrect (Ha!) a
dead theme. Each day, hundreds of new sci-fi books
hit the shelf. Thousands of masterpieces in the
genre sit untouched by the movie world, just waiting
for a big budget and a willing director. Take the time
this next Wednesday to send a message to
Hollywood while saving yourself eight bucks. ♦
The Park Legacy Panel
needs your views on the future
of BC's protected areas.
Please visit our
Open House
Date:Tuesday, December 2
Time: 5:30 to 9:00 pm
Introduction: 6:00
Slide Presentation:7:00 & 8:00
Location: Vancouver
Robson Square Media Centre
Conference Room 1
800 Robson St.
BC's Park Legacy Office:
phone: 250-387-1968
fax:       250-952-6235
web site: www.parklegacy.bc.ca
BC's Parks are
a critical part of
our unsurpassed
quality of life.
This is your
opportunity to
help us form a
vision Jbr BC's
Parks System.
Please join us.
^British
Columbia
Ministry of
Environment,
Lands and Parks
B  C    HYDRO
Scholarship Programs
To support and encourage students pursuing a post secondary education in
British Columbia, BC Hydro is awarding several scholarships in the following
areas:
University/BCIT Scholarship Program
Each year, forty-seven university students and six BCIT students are awarded
$1000 scholarships under this program. These students must have completed
their second year of studies, relevant to BC Hydro careers, at a university or first
year of studies at BCIT.
Aboriginal Scholarship
A total of eight $1000 scholarships are offered annually throughout the province
to Aboriginal students who are currently in grade 12 and plan to enroll in post
secondary education or students who are already enrolled in a post secondary
institution.
L'Ecole Polytechnique Memorial Scholarship Program
In commemoration of the fourteen female engineering students murdered in
Montreal, fourteen scholarships of $1000 are offered to women planning to
enroll or enrolled in engineering and technological studies at a post secondary
institution.
Application forms are available at your school's Financial Aid Office. For more
information please call (604) 623-3789.
The deadline for applications is January 14, 1997.
BC hydro <*,-*
mi »*a
THtgSBfSS^f;. ^^MOIVEMtiER 2%\<M
APEC and the contradictions of Chile
Mon to Fri 8am—9pm • Sat to Sun lOan-i—6pm
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WHEN   IT   COMES    TO    YOUR   FUTURE
WITH
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When you set out to gain the skills that will change your life,
you have many important questions to ask. It's like your first
homework assignment. Practically every student who enrolls at CDIS
has visited every other school first. And they ask tough questions of
every one. We think that this is a good thing.
CDIS provides comprehensive training in the areas ot multimedia,
webmasters, video production, 3D animation and recording arts.
CDIS is regarded by the industry (the people that hire, not the ones
that hype) as providing top notch, industry ready graduates. And
many of our grads springboard into an entrepreneurial career, confident of their skills and their portfolio. You have already made up your
mind about changing your future. You know you need to do your
research. Just be sure to ask a lot of questions - you may be surprised
by the answers.
CDIS
REAL QUESTIONS - STRAIGHT ANSWERS
CENTER FOR DIGITAL IMAGING AND SOUND
3264 BETA AVE., BURNABY, BC, V5G 4K4
phone: 604.298.5400 toll free: 800.661.1885
email: info@artschool.com website: www.artschool.com
In the coming days the city of
Vancouver will host an APEC meeting with the participation of eighteen
'economies* and 'economic leaders"
from the Asia Pacific Rim. Much is
informed in the context of these
meetings of the increasing trade
existing among the Asia Pacific countries, of the success of some of these
countries, such as the so called
"jaguar"' of South America (Chile), in
achieving economic growth.
Unfortunately, as has been well
documented by United Nations and
other respected international agencies, growth in many of these and
other countries does not necessarily
go hand in hand with human development, respect for environment
and ethnic and cultural diversity. The
cases of Malaysia and Indonesia are
weE known to the Canadian public
opinion. Little has been informed
though of Chile, a country where
Canada's investments are so strong,
especially in the forest and inining
industry, that recently a free trade
agreement was signed between both
governments.
Chile's accelerated economic
growth during the last years has
relied heavily on intensive extraction
of natural resources and the export of
raw material, sacrificing for this purpose, among others, its forests,
waters, and oceans resources. For
the same goal Chile has also sacrificed its most precious resource; its
people. One example can exemplify
this statement the minimum wage
for a labourer in the country is currently slightly higher than 200
Canadian dollars a month.
Another good example is piovid-
ed by the hydroelectric project of the
Alto Bio Bio, an initiative which is currently being developed by ENDESA,
the largest private corporation existing in the country, with support from
the Chilean government in a territory that constitutes the ancestral home
ofthe Pehuenche, an Indigenous people with a population of 5 thousand.
The project, which intends to provide electricity for industrial develop
ment in central Chile, consists in the
construction of a series of six dams in
the upper basin ofthe Bio Bio river in
the southern part of the country. Its
implementation will imply the flooding of 22 thousand hectares of rich
biodiversity, including native forest
and fauna which is endemic to the
area, as well as the resettlement of
significant part of the Pehuenche
population Hving there since time
inmemorial.
The first of the dams planned,
Pangue, was constructed at the beginning of the 90's in a context, immediately after the end of the military
regime of Pinochet, where no environmental or Indigenous protection
existed in Chile's legal framework.
The second dam, Ralco, which if constructed will flood 3.500 hectares
and imply the resettlement of 500
erspective
Pehuenche from their current lands,
is now being debated and assessed
according the provisions of the
Indigenous people's and environmental protection laws enacted in
1993 and 1994 respectively.
Governmental impact assessment wis initially rejected by twenty public agencies due to its difi-
ciencies regarding, among other
issues, negative impact on indigenous population, as well as by rejection, the government, through it's
Council of ministers, recently gave
its approval to this project. Two
heads of government services, the
environmental agency and the
indigenous peoples agency, were
fired this year because of their
opposition to Ralco.
President Frei has personally
become involved in this case. His
strong statements criticising environmental organisations opposing
the construction of Ralco, his lack of
response to Pehuenches demands
asking to meet him to express their
views about this project, and his
public statements in support of
ENDESA, are a demonstration of
this. Some people understand Frei's
personal involvement in this case,
not only as a support for what he
considers an initiative that will contribute to the "development" of the
country, but also because of the publicly known fact that he was, until
elected as President in 1994, a
major shareholder of Sigdo Kopers,
a national enterprise that participated in this project, at least in tlie construction of the first hydrodam,
Pangue.
Indigenous organisations, along
with environmental groups, have
demonstrated all over the country in
opposition to this project Other sectors of Chilean society, including representatives ofthe government coalition at the Parliament,
have expressed their
opposition to a project
that is seen as a symbol of the type of
development that Chile has been taking specially since the Frei administration; one that does not show
respect for ethnic and cultural diversity existing in the country, neither
considers sustainability for the future
generations.
This article intends to provide
Canadian public opinion, in the context of APEC, with information
regarding one of the countries that
will attend this meeting. Canadian
citizens ought to be aware of the
nature ofthe processes that are taken
place in the countries with which the
Canadian government is developing
economic partnership and trade
overseas. APEC, as well as the free
trade agreement recently signed
between Chile and Canada, are in my
opinion, totally compatible with the
implementation of projects such as
the hydrodams in the Pehuenche territory. ♦
Jose Ayhvin is a Graduate
Student in Law
Unearthing the truth about the native residential schools
Her voice nearly sobs as she remembers the horror, more than fifty years
later.
They used to operate on our teeth
without giving us painkillers. Just
held us down, like we were animals.
And the principal and another
teacher used to rape me, as well,
every night in the infirmary. I was
just ten years old.'
Harriett Nahanee is sixty two
now, but she still has nightmares
about her years as a student in the
Port Alberni Residential School on
Vancouver Island, operated by the
United Church of Canada. Yet
Harriett says, "I won't give up until
the real abusers are brought to justice."
Her cry is falling on deaf ears,
especially those of the United
Church. The latter is claiming that the
federal government is to blame fro
the abuses in the church's residential
schools, and should be legally liable.
Calling the church a "coward" for this
position the Victoria Times-Colonist
recently described the United Church
as "selling out its soul."
The United Church is in my opinion not telling the truth about its
responsibility for the residential
school abuses. I discovered this right
here at UBC, in the course of my doctoral research.
Last year, while going through
Department of Indian Affairs
archives in Koerner Library, I
uncovered a document of enormous significance, yet which has
never been cited in all the literature
on  residential   schools.   It's   an
erspective
Application for Admission form to
the Alberni Residential School,
dated 1949, in which parents of
enrolling students surrendered
legal guardianship to the school
principal, a man hired and paid by
the United Church, who was usually
an ordained minister.
The principal of the Alberni'
school in 1949 was AE.Caldwell, a
man who has been publically
accused by former students of having
killed two native children in 1938
and 1946. According to Harriett
Nahanee, it was Caldwell who not
only raped her every night but kicked
a girl named Maisie Shaw to her
death down a flight of stairs at the
Alberni school on December night in
1946.
As legal guardian of hundreds of
children like Harriett and Maisie,
Caldwell had effective absolute con
troi over their lives, creating what a
Provincial Court Judge has called a
regime of "institutionalized pedophilia" at the Alberni school.
Having been the
legal guardian of
countless native students, it's impossible
for the United Church to now try to
weasel out of its moral and legal
responsibility for the incredible
harm it foisted on so many children.
The fact that it is spending mega-
bucks to evade its guilt is simply confirming what its victims, like Harriett
Nahanee, have been saying for years:
namely, that the United Church, by
refusing to act truthfully and admit
its own wrongdoing, has shown itself
to be spiritually and morally dead.
Such a creature might as well
close up shop and spare us all its
hypocrisy. ♦
{Rev.) Kevin D. Annett is a PhD. 5. * \J
THEUBYSSEY .^f^>AX NGVEMfiEFUS, »1997„-L/
We are not the enemy APEC security lacks Hollywood ending
 by J. Clark
As I and about 30 other protesters stood
chanting "We are not the enemy," I think I
saw regret in the eyes of some police officers. This wasn't your average protest
chant—this was a group of students, overcome with fear, anger and sadness, pleading in hushed tones with a group of men
and women whom they had always thought
were there to protect them. .
No matter how cynical I was about
the Canadian justice system before
Tuesday, nothing could have prepared me
for what happened at UBC's protest of the
Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation
(APEC).
. As students gathered in the morning at
the Goddess of Democracy outside the
Student Union Building, I was excited to
see that a campus so traditionally apathetic as UBC's could turn out thousands
to protest APEC. As the crowd marched
across campus chanting and singing there
was a real sense of power and momentum. Democracy is about having a voice
and the students of UBC were finding
theirs.
Human rights, indigenous peoples,
women and the environment may not have
been on the APEC agenda, but at least they
were going to make it on the nightly news.
Students were making the most of their
democratic rights.
Democratic rights be damned, RCMP
found a way to silence the protest. When
they started spraying protesters liberally
with pepper spray the police changed
headlines from 'human rights' to 'near
riot,' and the issues behind the protest
were lost. •'
At one of three blockades where protesters were peacefully sitting to prevent the
APEC leaders from leaving campus, I and
dozens of others were given no more than
three seconds warning before officers
began spraying us with pepper spray. We
were prepared to be arrested, not attacked.
I hope that was regret I saw in their
eyes.
The totally unnecessary violent response
of the RCMP shows what little commitment
the Canadian government has to democracy. APEC was to be about economics and
Jean Chretien was willing to do everything
he could to keep it that way.
We are not the enemy? After Tuesday I
am convinced of one thing: we are the
enemy. Students and others who are willing
to stand up to our government and big business are the enemy of
what ultimately lies
behind events like APEC.
For one day, UBC became a megaphone
for the voices of concerned citizens. Not
only did security forces turn that megaphone off in a dramatic and violent manner, but the 18 leaders behind the fences
tuned out what was a deafeningly clear
message—that we will not relinquish
democracy without a fight.
The force used by the police demonstrates just how scared the leaders of the
world are of the people they are supposed
to speak for. To these men, and the corporate agenda they represent, the people are
the enemy—democracy is the enemy.
Joe Clark is the coordinating editor of
the ubyssey and took the day off from
' journalism to take part in the protests.
by Andy Barham
I'm reminded of a scene from Robocop 2.
The local police'force is called out to quel]
a citizens' uprising. Suddenly they realise
that the people they were really hired to
serve and protect are those whose heads
they'd been sent out to bust. They realise
the multi-national corporation which had
taken over tbe city at the behest of local
politicians was more concerned with pursuing their own self interest than the
interests ofthe electorate. Following their
mass epiphany, the cops help the protesters thwart the designs of tlie evil businessmen.
There was something very reminiscent of Robocop 2 in tlie APEC
_ ~mm Conference which dis-
[ ^m riipted the ordinary,
■■■ra day-to-day workings of
our fair university over tile last Tew days.
For one tiling, the conference was
designed to facilitate the agenda of global
corporations operating in Uie Asia
Pacific. For another, our leaders, federal,.
provincial, and municipal, had unanimously chosen to serve the interests of
these global corporate businessmen,
instead of the interests of the people
who'd elected them. Finally^ there was a
strong aura of a seige mentality operating
around the perimeter of the conference,
with the local constabulary called out in
force to quell a rebellious populace.
After tlie initial attempt to scale the
fence, put up to keep the angry citizenry out,
had been quelled, an impasse was reached,
with a queue of arm-linked protesters waiting .politely before a barricade of pepper
spray wielding policemen to be arrested.
(Surprisingly, the Sun described this utterly
Canadian event as a melee/ which makes
me wonder if anyone from the Sun had
actually been at the demonstration.)
I was in the third line of protesters
waiting patiently for something to happen. Nothing did of course, since we'd all
marched cautiously up to the barricade of
bicycles and officers to offer ourselves up
for arrest, while those same officers had
declined to take any more protestors into
custody. I had earlier noticed one police
officer who'd looked a bit uncomfortable
with liia role, and I decided to talk to him
oiice I reached the front lines.
"You know?" I said, as'soon as I'd
caught his eye, "by refusing to arrest any
more oi'us, you've already taken the first
step. Why not take one step further, and
join us?"
He sagged slightly, as the Ml weight of
Hie law dropped momentarily from his
shoulders. Then he smiled sheepishly,
his eyes almost pleading, and shrugged
as if to say, 'I'd like to, but I can't" One
more step, and he would have been on
our side.
■ This ain't Hollywood though. This is
the Global Village, and it literally eats people alive. There was no way he could have
taken that one small step and not been
consumed. One lone police officer sticking his neck out would have lost his head.
Oh, well. Perhaps I should have talked
to him about Robocop 2.
Andy Barham is a regular conbibuter
to the ubyssey and took the day off
to participate in the protest
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c} Knowing when to draw the line.
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Friday, December 5, 1997. Must be of legal drinking age to enter. Ticket includes admission to the
Grizzlies Cup - December 12, 1997 - 3:30 pm at GM Place. UBC Thunderbirds vs. the SFU Clan.
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mm&i
November 28, 1997 • volume 79 issue 23
Editorial Board
Coordinating Editor
Joe Clark
News
Sarah Galashan and Chris Nuttall-Smith
Culture
Richelle Rae
Sports
Wolf Depner
National/Features
Jamie Woods
Photo
Richard Lam
Production
Federico Barahona
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the University of British Columbia. It
i is published every Tuesday and Friday by
| The Ubyssey Publications Society.
| We are an autonomous, democratically run
l student organisation, and all students are
> encouraged to participate.
\ Editorials are chosen and written by the
| Ubyssey staff. They are the expressed opin-
| ion of the staff, and do not necessarily !
\ reflect    the    views    of    The    Ubyssey
\ Publications Society or the University of
| British Columbia.
| The  Ubyssey is a  founding  member of
| Canadian University Press (CUP) and firmly
| adheres to CUP's guiding principles.
j All  editorial  content appearing  in   The
I Ubyssey is the property of The  Ubyssey
| Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and  artwork  contained  herein )
cannot    be    reproduced    without    the |
expressed,   written   permission   of   The I
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters  to  the   editor   must   be   under j
300 words. Please include your phone num- \
ber, student number and signature (not for \
publication) as well as your year and facul- j
ty with all submissions. ID will be checked
when submissions are dropped off at the
editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise
verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300
f words but under 750 words and are run
according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
Ubyssey staff members. Priority will be given
to letters and perspectives over freestyles
unless the latter is time senstitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the
writer has been verified.
Editorial Office
Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301  fax:822-9279
Business Office
Room 245, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
Business Manager
Fernie Pereira
Ad Sales
Scott Perry
Ad Design
Afshin Mehin
It was Clinsinias Eve fmm hell as uie LovKsey stall gauVml al Ronal.i
Nurwisah's swanky .ijipartniciit o^rlwking Lhe toxic waste dump lh.il is
raise Creek Chns NiitmllSmilli arrived earlier tlian Hie rest in order to
play Ihe brainless, blond bimbo hosi to Ihe gathering of restless reporters
and photographers. As usitat, Sarah Galashan arrived dressed in IJte most
gorgeous of chartreuse dresses designed by none other than Andy Barham
Douglas Quan and Todd Silver arrived in a stretch pinto driven proudly by
the skankilly dressed Richelle Rae, sporting the dassiesi of luxes on the
market. While in lhe elevator, Alex MacNeill-Richardsoii. renny
Cholmondeley and Bruce Arthur were ambushed by Joe Clark and Jamie
Woods who were attempting lo crash Ihe party and take hostages to ran
som later for as much money as they could (which would probably be no
more than a few bucks) They might have succeeded if it weren't for Cynthia
Lee, Dalian Merzaban and Holly Kim who happened to step into the elevator armed with canapes The dashing Richard l.n who was moonlight-
ing as lhe porter and holding a half full bottle of vodka, was about lo phone
security, when Tara Weslover and Beth Yearwood intercepted him with an
ofTering of tasty cucumber, peanut butter and jam sandwiches wilh a few
layers of mustard on lop Meanwhile. Sieve Lawrence. Adam Bradley and
Kelly Peterson decided to lake the stairs but this was easier said than done,
especially when sporting platform shoes endorsed by Ihe Spice Girls and
mini skirts so short that would have made Heidi Fleiss and the rest of her
enterage squirm wilh uighL Back at the party. Dale Lum and Federico
Barahona were in the midst of arm wrestling over the last glass of orange
drink and the the Playboy calendar that had been pirrviofed by an unrbimed
individuaL Growing increasingly annoyed by the John Zaoairrr/s com
plaints of lhe lack of both bzzr and female strippers. Peter Kao threatened
lo throw both him and Wolf Depner whom until now had spent mosl ofthe
night in the bathroom aocompanied by some blond he picked up on the
way to the party, out the vvindow and into the radioactive waters below. All
ofa sudden trie sound of stealth bombers bovering above announced the
entrance of the fashionaby late Marina Antunes and Jaime Tong as they
crashed through the skylight sporting martinis (lhat were shaken, not
stirred) and body paint spelling out -Merry Christmas-
Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
Administration and
police indicted with
betrayal of students
I am dismayed that the administration has been so incredibly insensitive to its student population of late.
Anti-APEC feelings have been so
strong (if not universal) among both
students and faculty, that the plan to
carry out the conference on campus
seems nothing less than deliberately
hostile and antagonistic. This hit
home the hardest for me on Monday
night, when I first witnessed the
giant concrete barricades encircling
the north end of the campus, with
groups of armed police stationed all
along the perimeter. I wondered
arigrily whether this was our liberal
university or the Berlin Wall.
I indict the administration with
gross hostility to its student population. We pay tuition, we work hard in
our classes, and we try to better the
university through our programs
and organisations, and when we
voice our concerns with the university's policy, the result is a slap in the
face, for some, a slap on the wrists.
When students have to be arrested to
have their voices heard on campus,
there is something seriously wrong
with the university administration.
It had certainly better reconsider its
motto, "tuum est'-or at least, we had
all better realise that the students are
not its target corporate sector, "it's
yours!" The university acbrunistra-
tion should be made to answer these
charges.
The APEC affair has also shattered my belief in the benevolence of
the Vancouver Police and the
R.C.M.P. This city, and not the university campus alone, has been
transformed into a police state over
the last several days, in which its citizens have been treated as second-
class, and indeed, as opponents. The
hostility, aggression and mtirnida-
tion ofthe police has been terrifying.
The purpose, it seems, has been to
make sure that we citizens don't step
out of line; our rights have been forfeit, and woe to anyone who should
display their offense at this.
This Tuesday at UBC, in a peaceful protest that posed no threat to the
"dignitaries" of the conference, protesters had their cornmunications
equipment confiscated and were
arrested unconstitutionally; others
were pepper sprayed indiscrirni-
nately. The students were silenced
because the police found their freedom of speech noxious. How inconvenient for the police that university
students have the right not to be
killed. Authorities in China have it
much easier.
I indict the Vancouver Police and
the RC.M.P. with exceeding their
mandates and with failing to represent the citizens. We have given the
police their mandate. Their purpose
is to serve and to protect us; they do
not have the authority to squelch our
basic rights and freedom. The police
should be made accessible and
responsible to the public, and these
charges should be investigated.
Regardless of our varied political
views on the APEC conference, we
should all realise that we have been
betrayed by the university administration and the police. I appeal to
those who have supported the APEC
conference, those who oppose APEC
Alert, and those who unsympatheti-
catly dismiss those protesters who
were treated brutally as "troublemakers who had it coming," to consider that these people are fellow students who were voicing their opinions constitutionally. You may not
share their views, but you should not
deny their right to express them.
Finally, I appeal to Martha Piper and
the heads of the police to respond to
these charges in the context of the
Ubyssey.
Anthony Fawcett,
Fourthyear, Honours History
An open letter
to APEC security
I would like to thank you for your
demonstration on Tuesday. I
learned a lot from your actions and
your information sessions. When
the students screamed from the
pepper spray in their eyes, I felt a
real connection to the APEC message.
I think you provided a very effective contrast to the anti-APEC protesters. We approached every
encounter calmly, with a rational
plan for keeping things peaceful. We
walked slowly. We read a declaration
of their intent for. peaceful protest
We sat down so that no mob scenes
could begin. You also waited stoical
ly, I must admit, until you pounced
and sprayed and snatched people
away.
I don't doubt that each of you
were doing your job. Person to person, I think I might enjoy your company. There are several exceptions,
of course. One frosty-haired gentleman, a self-made Rambo of the
spray bottle, distinguished himself
on Monday afternoon as well as
leading the charge along SW
Marine on Tuesday. You, sir, are an
asshole.
And the officer who asked protesters, 'Why don't you just go
home?" in the tone of voice of a
drunk waving off seven year-olds
while they watch him puke in the
gutter. You, I'm afraid, would be a
total waste of my time.
But I am writing to thank you, not
to criticize your occasional lack of
humanity. Or maybe I am thanking
you for it
You see, we were protesting leaders who do not treat their citizens as
human beings. You were protecting
the delicate ears of those leaders
from our accusations. And your sudden eruptions of violence gave me a
real and imrnediate demonstration
of how their political systems are
maintained.
I have seen the dogs, the helicopters and their search-lights, the
riot police, and the chain-link fence
erected overnight I have seen students crying and I have seen their
faces pushed into the asphalt
Thank you for teadiing me to see.
anevdypohuozedUBCstudent
Chris Tenove ■_
THE UBYSSEY*
K.
~fe97
There from
the beginning
It is unfortunate that you feel the need
to include sarcasm in even your most
objective articles. In the last issue of
the Ubyssey, Wolf Depner managed
to write a well versed and all inclusive
centerfold article on The Vanier Cup,
and the road to T-Bird victory.
Unfortunately, Mr Depner felt the
need to taint an article which will
undoubtedly be a scrapbook momenta for many, with his attack on the
three AMS executives whom he feels
were jumping the band wagon when
they were seen at the airport welcoming the T-Birds.
Correction.
Mr Depner, I seldom feel the need
to write a response to petty attacks,
but in this case, you are attacking the
integrity of students who wanted
nothing more than to show appreciation for their peers and welcome
home athletes which they were proud
of. I did not realise that as an executive, the readers of the t%sseywould
be interested in the public events that
I attend. In response to your question,
"wonder where they (Shirin Foroutan,
Jennie Chen, Ruta Fluxgold) were
when the season started?" I was at
many T-Bird games mcluding the
home opener, the Shrum Bowl, and I
watched the Atlantic Bowl and the
Vanier Cup on television. You also forgot to mention that the AMS President
Ryan Davies, was also at the airport
cheering loudly as the team came
through the gates.
As part ofthe Student Input Makes
It Happen campaign, I had several
banners printed up in early
September including a "Go Birds Go!"
banner to encourage all our athletics
teams. For one week prior to the
Vanier Cup, a sign up sheet was
attached to my door encouraging students to come to the airport on Sunday
November 23. The sheet was also
passed around the AMS Council meeting on Wednesday to bolster the event
among the constituencies.
All this before a "winner" had been
declared.
As an executive, I understand and
respect the scrutiny of the Ubyssey
upon my political life; however, when
criticising me in my free time, please
get your facts straight
Lastly, my apologies go to the many
students who were at the airport but
went unnoticed. What was meant to be
a genuine campus spirit event, was
marked as being a photo op.
Once again, congratulations to the
Football team and all UBC Athletics
teams.
Shirin Foroutan
AMSCkxinliuatarofExbsualAIlaiiii
Police protecting
whose interests?
We are totally ashamed and outraged
at the police officers (RCMP and the
Vancouver Police Dept), security personnel, and the UBC administration
for failing to protect peaceful student
protestors at UBC on November 25.
We hold the university responsible for
the violence and harassment towards
those who were pepper-sprayed, tear-
gased, assaulted, detained and arrested by the very people who are regularly hired to provide security to students the whole year around. We, as
students, condemn the conduct of
these police officers who did not even
have their badge numbers and
names visible.
Students were peacefully exercising their right to protest and be heard
at closed door meetings of dictators
who were unilaterally invited on campus to make decisions that will severely impact our lives, without approval
or consultation with student bodies at
our own university where we live,
work and study. But UBC adniinistration and the police force made a horrifying mockery of democracy, freedom of speech and tolerance for
peaceful protests by aiding and abetting state-sponsored terrorism on students. When asked about the connection between inflicting pepper spray
on students and freedom of speech,
we were appalled to hear our own
Prime Minister have the audacity to
respond on national television, that
the only pepper he knew of was the
one he put on his food! As Canadians,
how can we expect the country to
uphold the Charter of Rights and
Freedoms if our elected representatives (in whose coffers our taxes and
freedoms go) so dismiss our rights
and freedoms?
What kind of confidence can students have about their safety on campus, when UBC administration put all
power in the hands of a police force
who value and protect the conveniences of thieves, murderers and
dictators over Canadian students
peacefully protesting such heinous
crimes? How is it "reasonable force"
when students are pepper-sprayed
from behind and in their eyes in
lengthy streams, even without their
knowledge? What "police procedures"
are being used when students are not
told why they are arrested, then-
hands tied behind, pinned to the
ground, or dogs sent to attack them
for simply sitting on the gound, or
attempting to leave the site of the
protest What is the meaning of "reasonable force" when what we witnessed was execessive force on
unarmed peaceful demonstrators?
What we witnessed on November 24
and 25 has irrevocably shattered our
ability to approach the policeforce
and the adiriinistration as protectors
of student's safety. As a student
observed, "how can they traumatise
us today on our own campus, while
protecting CTiiriinals behind closed
door meetings in the name of international security, and yet these security forces can return the next day to
poncing student safety on campus.
This is incredibly hypocritical."
The world IS in the classroom and
the classroom IS in the world. How
can we, the police, or UBC aclministration now go about pretecting that
"business as usual?"
From the concerned voices of
Colour Connected, UBC
Human rights not a
Canadian concern
Because this letter concerns the
recent APEC Summit, let me start by
apologising to my fellow peers who
like me, have had enough of the 4
dreaded letters that some people
chose to surround themselves with. It
is to those people I am distraught
Although I admire your strong feelings and your willingness and
courage to pay the consequences for
them, I feel you went wrong in sharing those feelings. First let me say I
am a proud Canadian. And honestly, I
don't concern myself with political
leaders as Suharto and Zemin who
are rarnmitting defiances of human
rights. Call me self-centered and egotistical, but my concerns involve
Canada first and foremost
Secondly, I admit I do know exactly what APEC entails, I do know the
protest methods utilized by APEC-
Alert were wrong. It's one dimension
to voice your opinion by playing hockey in front of the library, or establishing "Demoville." But as soon as you
start trespassing on Dr Piper's quarters, looting our campus with pro-
facetic propaganda, or painting the
Goddess of Democracy, then you've
entered another dimension. You
don't know how sick a lot of us are of
seeing the words "Fuck APEC" and
other slapstick slogans splashed all
over the pavement and campus buildings. To the APEC-Alert members who
do not even attend UBC (except to vandalise), don't ruin the campus for people like myself and others who are
striving to achieve academic goals.
We don't need your distractions. As
your vandalism and propaganda only
diverted my attention, there are other
ways of voicing your opinion and getting your point accross...ways in
which people like myself will listen
As you have expressed your feelings, I
have now expressed mine. I maybe
speak for most people when I say I'm
glad it's over.
jeffVaUance
3rd Year, Human Kinetics
Piper welcomes
murderers to UBC
I wish to express my profound disappointment in the leadership of
University of British Columbia's new
president Dr Martha C. Piper, regarding the APEC meeting held on campus on Tuesday, November 25, 1997.
Along with fellow UBC graduate students and thousands of other students and faculty, I joined the peaceful protest ofthe presence of dictators
on our campus. I stood just a few
meters from where heavily armed
police officers pepper sprayed and
arrested nonviolent UBC students.
With my own eyes I witnessed excessive force and brutality against young
people whose only crime was to
express their views using peaceful,
democratically protected means.
My doctoral research focuses on
engaging Canadian students in peaceful opposition to social injustices. I
had no idea that UBC itself could be
transformed into a site of oppression
against freedoms of assembly and
free speech. High chain fences, attack
dogs, rooftop snipers, cfrcling helicopters, and armed guards have no
place on a Canadian university campus. For Dr Piper's part in welcoining
mass murderers, especially China's
Jiang and Indonesia's Suharto, I feel
especially disillusioned. What a
shameful was to initiate her appointment here, and to model for students
how economic and corporate interests can supercede fundamental
human rights.
I sincerely hope that Dr Piper will
show enough courage and moral
leadership to issue an imrnediate and
full apology for the disgraceful way
that her office complied in the mistreatment of UBC students. It would
be the first vital step in a process of
rebuilding trust in her adiriinistration, and a small gesture of respect for
democracy and the rights of individuals who care about the protection of
human rights.
Darren R Lund
Doctoral Student Ctr for the
Studyof(Curriculum & Instruction
by a musical acrobatic group at BC
Place. This group asked for 750 volunteers to form a "Wall of
Humanity," who at one point in the
performatnce would pretend to sing
Beethoven's Ode to Joy. I was a
member of the wall. From my vantage point I was able to see
President Bill Clinton. I wonder if
he saw me?
I smuggled in a small sign that
stated "Free East Timor," and
revealed it when the lights, and all
eyes, were upon the Wall of
Humanity. The sign was soon taken
from me. I was detained for questioning and read my rights, but was eventually released without arrest.
Fortunately I was physically assaulted
neither with pepper spray nor anything else. I think that I would have
been less lucky had I protested in
Indonesia.
My protest was obviously minor,
but did carry the element of surprise;
the world leaders and other movers
and shakers at the dinner likely did
not expect any protestor to get past
their considerable security forces.
The protestors at UBC impressed
me with their passion and bravery. I
hope that others are encouraged to
speak out for human rights, especially since in too many places those
rights are being ignored.
Alex Boston
Philosophy, PhD. student
Piper, please
think about it
I am writing to express my disappointment conceiriing the police violence yesterday during peaceful antiAPEC demonstrations. I am sure that
you have seen the news shows and
have read reports in the papers. You
may even feel that the police were justified in their use of violence against
the students gathered to protest the
presence on campus of leaders of
some of the most anti-democratic
regimes in the Pacific Rim. However,
as a witness to the events described by
one media outlet as a 'riot' I can only
express disappointment and regret
over the inappropriate use of violence
by Canadian police forces.
In your inaugural address you
asked us, as members ofthe university cornmuinity, to just think about it Of
course you were not at that time thinking about the implications of police
violence or the presence the upcoming APEC Summit Rather, you urged
us to compromise when we tolerate
and facilitate the suppression of free
speech and assembly. Several of my
students have recounted to me how a
Green College student was arrested
yesterday for holding a protest banner at the college. I personally witnessed police throwing young protesters to the ground and stepping on
them. This is not appropriate for a
university.
As the President of UBC, I believe
you have a. responsibility to apologise
on our behalf to our students for the
way they were treated by the police
and to offer them the fullest of legal
and financial support they may
require in any ensuing legal battles.
ChariesRMenzies
Department of Anthropology and
Sociology
APEC Alert, thanks   0pen your eyes
I would like to thank the members of
APEC-Alert Their activities inspired
me to make my own peaceful protest
On November 24, the delegates
had dinner while being entertained
Desiree Luebkemann is upset that
APEC-Alert protesters encouraged
her class to walkout in protest of the
APEC summit in Vancouver, "they
do not have a right to impose their
ideals on me." You are correct
Desiree, no one has the right to
impose anything on you but unless
you were thrown to the ground in
your class, shot in the eye with pepper spray and forced to sign a form
saying you would not attend all AntiAPEC protests prior to your release,
I have a hard time believing anyone
IMPOSED anything upon you.
If you are concerned about anyone imposing values on students,
take a walk around campus. You
may find yourself sitting in the new
Shell wing at Koerner Library reading up about African relations with
Canadian gas oil companies. After a
hard study session, grab a Pepsi.
Then head to your team volleyball
practice, don't worry, Nike will provide your apparel. Then head
home, reassured that Sugar Daddy
Bloedel lent a helping hand in the
education of tomorrow's foresters.
If you don't know what I'm referring to in any of these examples,
your education, which you weigh
"as very high on the importance
scale" might need a little broadening beyond POLI 380.
As for your thoughts on the tent-
city being an "eye-sore," after four
years on this apathetic campus,
democracy village presented the
most beautiful view I've ever seen.
Katie Breen,
Fourth year Biology
Invest in education
not APEC
APEC at UBC looked like an armed
camp, and the whole atmosphere
undermined the purpose of academic institutions, which is to be positive and constructive. The scene
made some lasting images which
were deeply ironical. The Museum
of Anthropology became the boardroom for genocidal dictators and
people squashers. Anthropology is
the social science that strives to
understand human cultures and
lifestyles, yet for one moment in
time, it merged in an antithetical
union with the likes of President
Suharto, who represents hatred
towards other cultures, extermination, and denial. One seeks to
remember and celebrate the
human past, the other seeks to annihilate and erase the past. This
fusion of opposites was akin to matter colliding with anti-matter.
The other paradoxical vision
was the sight of Secret Service
snipers on the rooftop of the Chan
Centre. We saw hired assassins
perched atop a building designed
for the creative arts; the most
noble impulse of human activities
united with the most ignoble of
human activities. Art subjugating
war into its own aesthetic worlds
gave us masterpieces like Homer's
Iliad and Shakespeare's historical
plays. But potential war subjugating art did nothing for us except
make us tense and uncomfortable.
The only time I enjoyed the sound
of choppers overhead was when I
watched a scene in the musical.
Miss. Saigon.
In the future, the university
should avoid political conferences
and the confrontational morass that
it brings. Instead, UBC administrators should concentrate on raising
the profile of the arts and other
worthwhile human endeavors.
Benson Chin,
4th year English All along the front lines there was the real world
by Bruce Arthur
I've never been what you could call a protester.
Sure, I believe strongly in equality, and in
human rights, and that people matter. I understand the issues, and I understand what all
those morally and ethically defensible buzzwords. "Protest." "Human Rights Violations."
"Political Prisoners." "Free East Timor."
But they're all just words. Theoretical, and
nebulous, and diffused through the media's
unblinking, ever-shifting eye.
I've always been comfortably removed
from the really ugly things that happen in the
world, out there past the boundaries set by my
white, middle-class, comfortable upbringing.
They're just words. Get on with your life.
So when APEC Alert started trying to raise
awareness and shake up apathy on campus, I
looked, but didn't really see. I bet lots of you did
the same thing, and do it every day. Rather
than face the horror, you shut off and walk past
the old man begging in the cold. We all do. He's
probably an alcoholic, we think. We're doing
him a favour.
But Tuesday, I took a step. I walked across
the line of people holding hands, into the zone
where those willing to risk arrest would go. I
just decided that believing in something
means more than just correct conversations at parties. Someone once said that
empty prayers are the smile
on the lips of the assassin.
I'm tired of empty prayers.
So I stepped—into a different world. I saw the buzzwords breathe. I saw police
bikes used to batter crowds
away. I saw police officers
snarl as they sprayed
women half their size with
pepper spray.
It's such an innocuous name for such a brutally painful thing, really. When asked about it,
Jean Chretien said, "For me, I put pepper on
my plate." I saw those people writhing, face on
fire, eyes shut so tight that the tears could bare-
My parents
taught me to
respect fe [poOfeci.
They were the only
thing that stood
between my world
and the criminals,
with their hard
fists, and their cold
hearts, and their
dead eyes
ly roll out, screaming. Screaming so hard I
thought they'd break apart I put pepper on my
plate, he said, and the media laughed like
Chretien was Johnny Carson.
I could've cried, or emptied my stomach, or
screamed, like them. But I just
blinked, shaking quietly, and felt
the world shifting.
My parents taught me to
respect the police. I've called
police officers "sir" while they
handed me a ticket. Just doing
their jobs. They were the only
thing that stood between my safe,
floating world and the ugliness.
The bad people. The criminals,
with their hard fists and their cold
hearts and their dead eyes.
Then the world spun around,
and the lines blurred, and I was one ofthe bad
people. For shouting that APEC was wrong,
that what happens to people matters, that torture is wrong. That people matter. For that,
they sprayed pain around like rainwater.
One slight, little student, hands scratahing
at her own burning eyes, blind, didn't move
out of the way fast enough. A two-hundred
pound man barked, shoved, and she hit the
concrete with her hands still scratxhing. Move.
Faster. Move.
I stared across at the police line that was
three men thick, fifteen across, and desperately searched for something, for anything
human. We stood, shaking cold, some of us crying, and in broken voices said, "We are not the
enemy," feeling as little as children. Saying it
desperately, over and over and over. Please.
We are not the enemy. Please. Show me anything.
Nothing. I saw nothing.
And all along that front line of RCMP, there
were only hard fists, cold hearts, and dead
eves.
Bruce Arthur is a regular contributor
to the Ubyssey, but he protested as a
student, and as a person.
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