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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 18, 1988

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 the Ubyssey [#
On the coming election, billed as a
deciding point for Canada's future, experts predict a record
turnout at the polls. But thousands of Canadians left off the
voters' list will watch the
country's future decided without their input.
These people have fallen through the gaps in the
enumeration system, and many are angry. NDP and Liberal Party riding offices throughout Vancouver report a
stream of phone calls asking for advice or lodging complaints.
In Vancouver East, the problem was bad enough that
the NDP and the Downtown Eastside Residents Association asked Elections Canada for an extension of the revisions period (the period after door-to-door enumeration,
when people can still register). Elections Canada denied
the request.
"Elections Canada has not responded to the needs that
are clear. As a result people are losing their right to vote,"
says Glen Sanford, campaign manager for NDP candidate
Margerite Mitchell.
Many ofthe disenfranchised are surprised they can't
vote. "People are under the impression that you can't be
deprived ofthe vote if you're eligible. But once you miss the
"Elections Canada are exhibiting a callous attitude.
They seem to lack the flexibility and adaptability that's
needed," Sanford says.
Vancouver East poses a particular problem because
ofthe number of residential hotels, secondary suites and
low-income people in the area. Political and community
workers in the area agree that the enumeration problem, no matter what the reason for it, creates a discriminatory pattern.
"It's the poor who aren't protected," says Thelma
Pankiw, an NDP campaign worker in Vancouver East.
"People who live in secondary suites, in attics and in
basement suites are missed. When landlords who have
illegal suites are enumerated, they say no one else lives
in the building," Pankiw says.
"People on skid row (are left out). And the hotels.
Number Five Orange was missed completely. I don't
think they rent rooms to tourists. Everyone who lives
there is a resident. Not one has been enumerated."
Learey says he has no doubt the system is
discriminatory. "They (Elections Canada) don't put in
the effort here they put into other areas. Whenever I've
talked to them on the phone their attitude is really
blase. They assume that the people down here don't
want to vote. I know that's not true. We have lots of
people phoning and coming in who are really upset,"
Learey says.
Ofthe claim that the registration deadline was well
Canada's suffering suffrage
Laura Busheikin
final date, there's no recourse," says a volunteer at The
NDP's Vancouver Centre office.
If people miss enumeration, they can still register
during the two-week revision period. But once that period
'ends, 17 days before the election, there is no way to register.
The revision period can be extended for specific areas
within a riding, but only if the local returning officer sees
fit to put in a request, and then only if the officials in
Ottawa grant the request.
"Well before the revision period ended, we saw that the
situation in Vancouver East was a fiasco. We knew we
needed it extended," Sanford says.
The NDP put in requests both to the their local returning officer Diane Washburn and to the federal electoral
office for an extended revision period.
Sanford says he is "very disappointed" with the
results. "We thought the riding had more of a chance for an
extended revision in certain areas. We were given that
impression both by the federal and local people. But when
the chips fell they didn't give our area any special consideration.
"I don't think they understood the gravity ofthe situation," Sanford says.
Washburn, who would have to get ratification from
Ottawa to extend the revision period, did not put through
a request. "I felt that the places were enumerated and the
people who were missed could use the (regular) revision
period," Washburn says.
According to Elections Canada, if returning officers
are able to identify a concentrated area and they feel an
extension is required, they can ask the national office for an
"But there must be a substantial number of people left
off the list—40 or more," says Richard Rochefort, a communications officer at Elections Canada.
According to Stephen Learey, a community worker at
the Downtown Eastside Residents' Association,
substantial numbers of people were left off the voters' list.
"We got a preliminary voters' list for one poll in our area.
Out of possible 1043 units, 38 per cent of the people had
been registered. Two places were missed completely—a 45-
unit social housing building, and a 22-person rooming
house," Learey says.
"There were buildings missed in enumeration, but
they were got in the revision or they could have been if they
wanted to. A little ofthe onus falls on the voter," Washburn
"Ottawa didn't feel it was required because the revision brought in over 2300 people. There was widespread
communication through radio, newspaper and television.
The government spent millions of dollars on advertising.
"When people talk about thousands left off the voters'
list, well, those people must have been out of town," Washburn says.
publicized, Pankiw says, "baloney."
"It probably has been well publicized. It's been in
the newspaper, but not everyone has a newspaper delivered, and not everyone can afford one. Not everyone can
afford a TV."
"Not everyone has the same access to the media and
other channels of information to know that enumeration
is underway and they can't vote on election day," Sanford says.
Washburn agrees that enumeration was inadequate in Vancouver East, but disagrees why. "I'd like to
see better control ofthe people who apply for enumera-
tion jobs," Washburn says,
he majority of people who enumerate fall into
three categories," Pankiw says, "people on welfare,
people on U.I.C, and housewives who want to go out and
make a little extra money. Now if you're on welfare or
U.I.C. you have to declare the money you make as an
enumerator, which means it's deducted from your
cheque. You don't receive your pay from Ottawa until
November, but the money is deducted from your October
welfare or U.I.C. cheque. You're allowed to make $150
without declaring it, so a lot people stop after they made
that amount."
"There were people out there who weren't doing
their jobs properly. The pay is not that bad. If they do
their job well they could make themselves $300 in a
"Some people are responsible, some aren't, just like
in any walk of life. Some people want a free ride, some
are willing to pay for it," Washburn adds.
But most people involved say the enumeration
problem stems from the area's social and economic characteristics.
"In Vancouver East, the enumeration is always a
disaster," Sanford says. Elections Canada has to develop
a mechanism to cope with the specific problems of the
area, he says.
Elaine Doyle, NDP campaign manager in Vancouver Quadra, says the enumeration process "really discriminates against working families.
"If you're a working family no one's at home during
the day. There's no doubt that the enumeration was
more efficient on the West side than the East. That's
partly because in our riding, there's more housekeepers,
nannies and women or men at home during the day in
the West side," Doyle says.
But enumeration problems do not disappear when
you leave the downtown eastside. Doyle estimates
10,000 to 12,000 people were left off the voters' list in
Quadra. A Liberal campaign worker estimates a more
modest 2000.
"Whole blocks of people were left off. People are
continued on page 2
VOLUME 71, Number 20
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Turner outlines pulley
John N. Turner outlined the Liberal party foreign policy
durfngalon^^riatt^eH^lViaaicottv^lastFiidayxT It e
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The Liberal party rejects the NDP neutralist stance and
their willingness to withdraw from NATO and NORAD. But
Turner also stated that a Liberal government won't, "blindly
follow the dictates ofthe largest member ofthe alliance.*
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Poor lose right to vote
continued from page 1
phoning in and are quite hostile.
We found there were whole blocks
no one's been near. They've been
ignored," he says.
The situation in Vancouver
Centre is similar, says an NDP
volunteer from that riding.
"The polling in the West End
is really bad. Especially the dock
areas. There are whole buildings
missed, or else just one suite done
in a whole building," he says.
A volunteer at the Progressive Conservative party office says
they have received complaining
phone calls, but can't estimate
how many. Individual Tory constituency offices would not receive
calls because they aren't in the
phone book, she explained.
The disenfranchisement of
people in Vancouver East or Vancouver in general is not an isolated
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problem. Rochefort says he's "listened to the same complaints from
areas all across Canada," and although he questions the validity of
these complaints, he does agree
that the Elections Act has to be
brought up to date.
The deadline—17 days before
the election—is "not a deadline
we're comfortable with. We feel it
should be a lot closer," Rochefort
In the past few years, several
bills have challenged the Elections
Act. Recently, mentally handicapped people were granted the
right to vote. However, Bill C79, a
comprehensive revision of the
Elections Act, "died on the paper,"
says Rochefort.
"This bill would have brought
the Elections Act in line with the
Charter of Rights. It could have
solved 98 percent ofthe problems
with the Elections Act. It would
have brought voter registration up
to day three (three days before the
election). It would have modernized the revision process, revised
the system for people abroad to
vote, looked after the mentally
ill—although there wasn't anything for people in prison,"he says.
But the bill didn't go through.
"It got into a situation where
there was a lot of legislation and it
didn't pass. The Chief Electoral
Officer has been saying since 1984,
that the Elections Act has to be
"We have about two dozen
court cases going on right now
dealing with the sorts of things
Bill C79 would have dealt with.
"There's an acknowledged
need for change," Rochefort says.
November 18,1988 NEWS
Gerry Scott brings it all home
By Deanne Fisher
He looks like Groucho Marx
minus the cigar but Gerry Scott is
a lot more serious. He has to be.
He's running against someone
who hopes to be Canada's next
prime minister.
Scott is the New Democratic
Party's candidate in Vancouver
Quadra and he is frequently spotted on campus, outside the Student Union Building, or at various
UBC forums and all-candidates
And the campaign literature
he puts in students' hands isn't
exclusively about
free trade—
though he certainly doesn't
avoid the topic.
Scott has an
original strategy.
He is dealing
with something
most people consider almost exclusively provincial—post-secondary education.
"I'm not
aware that in any
other campaigns
that they've put
(education) in
their literature,"
says Scott.
Scott has
targeted several
issues in post-
secondary education that can be
dealt with
through the federal       government—transfer
payments to provincial   governments for education, federal funding of grants and
leadership in restoring Canada's
educational system to an adequate
The federal government provides funding for post-secondary
education in the form of transfer
payments to provincial governments. But misuse of these funds
for what Scott calls "Socred megaprojects" is frequent.
"What's lacking is the backbone from Turner and Mulroney to
confront Vander Zalm on this
thing," says Scott.
"I think (Turner) is afraid to confront the Socreds because of the
relationship between the Liberals
and the Social Credit."
The Liberal government in
1977 removed the national standards applied to transfer payments and Scott sees no reason
why this action cannot be reversed. "The federal government
changed it unilaterally in '77 the
wrong way," he says, adding that
since that time, the NDP has made
"numerous efforts" to reverse the
policy but have not received sup-
port from the Liberals or Conser-
The Liberals now say they
support guaranteeing that transfer payments reach post-secondary education but Scott thinks it
is unlikely they will follow through
on their promise.
"The Liberals created this
problem. There's no reason to believe them now," he says.
But securing transfer payments is not enough, says Scott.
The federal portion of funding for
post-secondary education is down
from its early 50 per cent to 39 per
cent today.
The 1983 "capping" of federal
transfer payments cost post-secondary education over $391 million according to Scott.
And further cuts by the Conservative government will result
in a net loss of about $1 billion
from 1985 to 1990, he says, conceding that the Conservatives did
pump some money into scholarships and research.
The NDP is "committed to a
goal of 2.5 per cent ofthe gross national product to be spent on re-
search and development," says
Scott. And he is
quick to point
out this promise includes "a
very special
that this will
include social
sciences and
also advocates
a return to
some form of
grants for B.C.
students. "We
have to sit
down with
provinces and
negotiate some
new schemes."
Quoting NDP leader
Ed Broadbent,
Scott says his
party wants to
"transform the
Canada Student Loan plan
into a primarily grant-based
plan also fully
available to
part-time students."
But the
focus of Scott's campaign is not
something he just dreamed up for
the election. "We've been talking
about this from day one," says
Scott. "I'm really disappointed
that the Liberals and Conservatives haven't taken this seriously."
Scott doesn't expect an overwhelming amount of student votes
as a result of his campaign. "A lot
of students are registered elsewhere," says Scott.
But he is optimistic about his
chances of overcoming Turner.
"We've got really good support
from people—particularly young
people," he says.
Free trade will
break environment
says UBC prof
By Sean Kelly
The environment deteriorates every day, and the free trade
agreement could destroy Canada's
ability to create new energy
sources to reduce carbon dioxide
emissions, according to Bill Rees,
an associate professor at UBC's
School of Community and Regional Planning.
Rees is disturbed by federal
government plans to spend billions of dollars on projects such as
the Hibernia offshore oil fields,
which are in the middle of the
Grand Banks fishing grounds, and
oil sands in Alberta, which involve
strip mining.
It will cost more to produce oil
in such "frontier oil reserves" than
current market prices will bear, he
said in an interview yesterday.
"Canada would in effect be subsidizing U.S. consumers with lower
energy prices."
Free trade, he said, would
increase pressure to exploit
Canada's energy reserves and further damage the environment.
But the Canadian Alliance for
Trade and Job Opportunities said,
"Every province minds its own
store and can sell or not sell as it
wishes. The market will continue
to set the price, even above what
we pay ourselves."
Rees admits there is nothing
in the deal that says Canada must
sell energy to the U.S., but warned
the risk comes once the United
States enters into long-term contracts to buy oil and natural gas
because Canada agreed not to cut
off the U.S. in case of a shortage.
"For instance, if the U.S. buys
50 per cent of our oil and gas reserves they will have an absolute
right to continue to use that
amount," he said.
Then, if for some reason Canada wanted to reduce energy exports to the U.S. by a certain percentage,   Canada's   own   usage
Conservatives blew
chance on defence
would have to be reduced by the
same percentage, he said.
Quebec and the Maritimes
now buy oil from the Middle East
and if that supply was cut off,
Canada could not cut back on
exports to the U.S. to supply Canadians, he said.
"Why do we need a special
trade deal when the United States
is going to need this energy anyway?" Rees asked, pointing out
that many experts predict an end
to the currentenergy surplus in 10
to 20 years.
With growing concern about
the greenhouse effect and many
scientists calling for reductions in
emissions of carbon dioxide into
the atmosphere, traditional energy sources may become obsolete,
he said.
"By the time Hibernia crude is
ready to flow, its use as fuel may be
ecologically and socially unconscionable," said Rees.
And while free trade permits
subsidies to exploit conventional
energy sources, it might restrict
the development of new energy
technology because the definition
of an unfair subsidy has yet to be
Government grants or loans
to those who wish to develop new
energy technologies might be considered an unfair subsidy, he said.
"Can you imagine anything
dumber?" said Rees. "We enter
into a trade agreement that integrates our economies without ever
defining what an unfair subsidy
If that's the case, said Rees,
then Canada would be missing a
huge opportunity to become a
world leader in alternative energy
sources which the market will no
doubt demand 10 or 20 years down
the road.
"This agreement imposes on
us the American way and that
means a market that extends only
to the here and now," he said.
By Cathy Lu
The Conservative government blew its chance to imprqve
Canada's defense initiatives with
the release of its White Paper on
defence last year, according to
John Lamb, executive director of
the Canadian Centre for Arms
Control and Disarmament.
The Conservatives "had an
opportunity to take defense off of
the roller coaster of public support
and funding that it had been on,"
he said in a UBC discussion sponsored by Science for Peace and the
United Nations Association
"When the Conservatives
came into power in '84, there was
more support for defense spending
in Canada than there had been in
many many years," caused predominantly by the Arctic sovereignty issue, he said.
However, they failed to implement a defense policy in tune
with Canadian sentiments, and
ended up fragmenting the new
national consensus in support of
defence, said Lamb. Consequently, defence has become "once
more a matter of great contention
and partisanship, and I think
that's really regretful," he said.
The White paper which had
"red arrows across Europe, red
across the Arctic, red arrows
across the Pacific" was advertised
as being for the 90's,"but it was
really a paper from the 50's,"
Lamb said.
The proposed purchase of
nuclear submarines merely gives
form to the Cold War rhetoric,
which may soon dissolve with the
rise of a new detente between the
"The issue of sovereignty was
regarded as a good way of selling
the submarines to the public," he
said, but more recently, Canadian
naval people have acknowledged
that the real objective is to be one
of the big boys of the Atlantic.
Charles Meconis, executive
director of the Institute of Global
Security Studies in Seattle, said
the proclaimed function of the
submarines as instruments to
further Canadian sovereignty in
the Arctic makes little sense.
"Sovereignty is best established by highly visible presence
and submarines are by their very
nature the original stealth systems," he said.
Meconis concluded by saying
the most likely function of Canadian nuclear subs would be to relieve some American attack submarines ofthe lesser duties, such
as protecting merchant shipping
or harbour defense.
He said that Canada needs a
defence policy from "a Canadian
analysis of its own needs," and not
from pressure exerted by the
United States.
November 18,1988
1f7° Oscarfs Donair & Pizza1??
Donairs, Pizzas, Pastas, Subs, Nachos, Salads, etc.
Also, we have Regular and Dark on Tap
Licensed Premises
2958 West 4th Ave. 2 blks west of MacDonald
Phone: 737-8853
15% off with this coupon (on min. $7.50 order)
1 *50/ '0/b OTT WITn Tnis couP°n <-on min- s/.ou oraer; a co/
I «J /O /^u our menu items are without msg or preservatives (low fat and sodium ' *-» '0
food content) and our pizza dough is made on the premises with unbleached flour Food
| ONLY Dine in and take out only.  1 per customer per visit ONLY i
forerunners    UBC'sSports Shoe Headquarters
3504 West 4th Ave      The Nike Air Max.        732-4535
10% Discount on regular price items to students, staff and Faculty
AMS subsidizes
single parents
The Alma Mater Society has
treated UBC Daycare users to an
early Christmas present.
A $194,000 commitment from
the AMS will pay off the student
portion of the mortgage on new
UBC facilities and cancel the additional $11.00 per month fee students would have been forced to
The faculty daycare users will
continue to fork over the fee until
they pay off their portions of the
mortgage, and the accumulated
Bird said paying off the mortgage is an accessibility issue.
"Most single parents don't even
attempt to go to UBC. Those who
do, deserve our full support," he
"(We're) saving these people
$11.00 a month (which is) too
much money on top of an already
tight budget," said Bird.
"This is probably the most
important thing to happen this
year," said graduate student
president Robert Beynon. "The
only people that have stood up for
(daycare) are the AMS—not the
faculty association or the unions,"
he said.
But library and archival studies representative Noel McFerron
said if council paid off the debt
there would still be "no increase in
the number of spaces. (It's) just
maintaining the status quo. I
would rather spend (the money)
creating more spaces," he said.
Bird agreed that more spaces
were needed but added "194,000
wouldn't make much of a dent in
increasing the number of spaces."
"Right now we're paying off
(the mortgage) in one lump sum.
Ten years from now you'd still be
giving out bursaries (and still
paying off the interest). This approach is less expensive," said
The building project will go
for approval before the Board of
Governors on December 1st. If
approved, the construction will
begin immediately, according to
UBC daycare was guaranteed
$4.4 million last week but because
of a $336,000 shortage, are forced
to take out a mortgage. The total
contributions of the AMS to date
are $544,000.
Fish fiasco flares
By Dave Miller
Eat a live fish and get in free.
The UBC Film Society promised just that on a poster advertising their upcoming presentation of
A Fish Called Wanda and outraged CiTR disk jockey Lane
Dunlop sent letters to the
Film Society and The Ubyssey and
notified the S.P.C.A. complaining
that the ads promoted cruelty to
The Film Society's ads referred to a scene in the movie
during which one ofthe characters
eats live fish.
"The main objective was to
have (an ad) that catches the eye,"
Film Soc treasurer Mary Hsi said,
and added that they "had no inten
tion of anybody eating a live fish."
But Dunlop says there is no
excuse. "I cannot believe the fact
that the Film Society would stoop
so low and not realize that they
were condoning the killing of these
animals in the name of a joke."
Even if it was just a joke,
Dunlop says, "it just shows that
somebody isn't thinking too hard."
Michael Weeks, Vancouver
S.P.C.A executive director, was
initially concerned about the ad,
but was later assured by AMS
president Tim Bird that no fish
eating would take place.
The Film Society will now
admit anybody who brings a live
fish free and will place the fish in a
fish tank they have in their office.
There is no need to eat your scaly
if you're swamped with work...
and you're all uptight,
this is the place to go tonight!
Glen Foster &      M w^W^^Lm.     Wed & Thurs
Christine Lippa   _^Wl»CM        Fri9&00sp™
9:00pm &
1040 KICKS
door proceeds to
Ronald McDonald House
Expo Site
(nexl to 86 Street)
valid Thursday only
i      Mannequin Media Mania      j
i with The Sarcastic Mannequins:
:  Friiay. Dec. Z, SUB 241K (the Ukyssey iff ice)   :
: 4:00pn - B:I
Michael is
spending Christmas
with Gaby and
her sisters.
And he's in love
with one of them.
If he could only
decide which one.
Showtimes effective
November 18-24
Evenings - 7:00, 9:00
No Matinees
(14 YEARS.
B.C. WARNING - Some nudity,
occaisional suggestive scenes &
very coarse language
November 18,1988 C°ITf FRflflGS was thrown in the nut bin for
refusing to put a cigarette out when her
plane was landing.
Do you want this to happen to you?   Q>j
Of course not. "*-»«•
Join The Ubyssey and stop being silly.
.mm iimon hedh mil ii» shm
«IHBn».liSllHnlllR]_ill»Klii _.
i-n__—i "^ -SUBIB £_55S_; Cm
Cineplex Odeon
man WX s^ssk w
-L's decry elections
By Joe Altwasser
"Mulroney is a traitor to Canada—this free trade agreement is
yet another attempt of U.S. imperialism and domination of Canada," according to Allen Soroka,
Vancouver Quadra candidate for
the Marxist-Leninist party of
Soroka and Dorothy Jean
O'Donnell are two of the Marxist-
Leninist's six Candidates in the
greater Vancouver area.
Soroka, who holds a law and
library degree, is an institution at
the UBC law library where he has
been a librarian since 1969.
O'Donnell's interest in politics also began at UBC when she
ran for the student senate in 1969-
Besides opposing free-trade,
the M-L's are also against
Canada's participation in any
aggressive military programs—
especially NATO and NORAD.
Soroka said Canada is slowly
being integrated into the U.S.
military complex. O'Donnell
agrees, "the visiting of Vancouver's harbour by U.S. warships
is now almost routine."
The Soviet Union is different
from the U.S. in name, say
O'Donnell and Soroka—they both
practise the same brand of imperialism.
The U.S-Soviet rivalry, despite the recent love-in, is still the
most fundamental threat to hu
manity, said Soroka—who dreams
of an independent Canada that isa
force "for freedom and emancipation around the world."
The present Canadian election is "anti-democratic," Soroka
said. It is nothing more than "a
dictatorship of the three political
parties and the media."
"The monopoly-owned media
has provided the Conservatives,
Liberals, and NDP with all the
facilities and massive support and
As a result of the unbalanced
coverage, the people are stripped
of their right to influence the direction ofthe nation, said Soroka.
This process is certainly not
new, but Soroka said the present
election is the most blatant example. "There is a great deal at
stake—the future consolidation of
U.S. domination of Canada."
Commenting on the media's
examination of the M-L's,
O'Donnell said it "usually varies
between slandering and ignoring
But both Soroka and
O'Donnell say the media treatment given to the fringe parties is
just as bad. "The Rhino party is
disgusting," said Soroka. Despite
their inane platform, they get
much more media coverage than
the M-L's, Soroka added.
And the Reform party is even
worse, according to Soroka. "These
racist and religious parties are
dangerous—the Canadian people
are not divided on the basis of
colour, race, or religion, but rather
on class, wealth."
The NDP does not escape
Soroka and O'Donnell's criticism,
despite their left-wing policies.
But Soroka laughs at the thought
ofthe NDP as left-wing. "The only
difference between the NDP and
the other two mainstream parties
is the amount of state capital doled
out to the people."
Canada is already one of the
world's most highly monopolized
countries in the world where a
handful of people control the destinies of millions on a purely profit
basis, Soroka said. "The NDP
stands for a continuation of these
policies." he added.
The environment is also an
important issue for the M-L's although they address it in a different manner. "We cannot look at
the environment so narrowly as
saving newspapers or installing
smoke stack scrubbers," said Soroka.
"The serious concerns of the
people of society run smack up
against the profit motive seekers
and the environmental catastrophes will only get worse," said
The ending of the destruction
of the natural environment will
only come through the changing of
the social environment. "The only
way to make Canada fit for human
habitation is to oppose capitalist
oppression," said O'Donnell.
Boytinck rejects taxes
By Robin Muehlebach
Wanting to capitalize on the
growing number of disillusioned
voters, Walter Boytinck, candidate for the Libertarian Party in
the Quadra riding and self-employed lawyer, visited UBC yesterday.
"What makes us attractive to
students is that we are very ideological. Our platform is based on
principles that endorse both economic and personal freedoms."
Libertarians respect the NDP
for sticking to their principles of
democratic socialism, but as
Boytinck said, "the other two
mainstream parties tailor their
policies towards winning elections."
"In order to get students to
vote for them, Mulroney and
Turner promise them to pour more
money into education and other
social assistance programs. What
many students don't realize,
though, is that deficit spending by
the government is a crime
against young people, since
the students of today are the
taxpayers of tomorrow."
Boytinck wants students
to say "no" to the Conservatives' 20 percent sales tax,
the 50 percent tax on beer,
and the 70 percent tax on
gasoline, because he thinks
they hurt students either in
the short or long run.
At a forum held by the
UBC Environmental Law
Group featuring four federal
candidates, Boytinck presented the Libertarian solution to environmental problems, by proposing criminal
charges for polluters, and
selling crown land.
"Industries pollute and
people litter because they are
not required to bear the full
cost of their actions—the
government always steps in
to clean up and then hands
the bill to the taxpayers."
Walter Boytinck
November 18,1988
UDC; musical Theatre Society
for a n«ui mux kal Review
Director / Chor. Jomex Hlbbord
5Qt. flow. 19    12:00-4:00
Jun. flov. SO  fi-OO - 5:30
5t. Anxelmx Church
Unhierxibi Blvd.
(ocroM from Oolf Cowie)
(Bring a .ong or your choice to ring ond
be prepared to dance J
V V ^V.N%NNV.%V_>W%%SS\\\ . .
SSlSSKvKKw, a\w ■•■•■ ■ .-fr^-rt wwvwv.
UBC funding looks better
after student-Socred meeting
Hillel, PZC (Progressive Zionist Caucus)
and Israel Program Centre
The Israeli
Election Results:
Thursday, November 24th., 12:30 - 2:30 pm at Hillel House
For further information please call 224-4748 or 266-5333
Hillel is located across from SUB, behind Brock Hall
The future for post-secondary
education in B.C. looks a bit
brighter following a meeting between two UBC student representatives and two provincial ministers.
"We were very encouraged at
the prospect of increased funding
for post-secondary education,"
said Board of Governors representatives Bob Seeman and Geoff
Lyster, after meeting with finance
minister Mel Couvelier in Victoria
"Education isa priority for the
provincial government and they
seemed receptive to our views,"
said Lyster.
Lyster and Seeman delivered
a report to Couvelier outlining the
rate of tuition increases in relation
to the rate of inflation in B.C.
But the report did not ask for
an exact sum of money as the representatives did not know at this
point the amount required to keep
a tuition increase below the rate of
"Well only know how much
money we need after the BoG
meeting on December 1," when the
Alma Mater Society's ad hoc committee on tuition increases presents a report to the board, said
"We got to the real root of the
problem—which was funding,"
said Lyster, but admits for all the
progress, nothing was promised to
lighten students' financial load.
The two students also met
with Stan Hagen, Minister of advanced education and job training,
in Vancouver later in the week,
but it was not as productive according to Lyster, because the
minister was in hurry.
The issue of a university in
the North arose during the meeting and the two representatives
agreed it was a good idea to have
education accessible to those outside the lower mainland.
AMS gives to missing student's family
Discuss career opportunities in the Rabbinate, Jewish
education and Jewish communal service with
Miriam will speak at Hillel House on Tuesday
November 22,12:30 P. M. and will be available for
appointments from 11:00 A. M. - 3*00 P. M.
For appointments or information:  224-4748
The parents of missing
UBC science student Emerson
Dobroskay will receive $1,000
from the Alma Mater Society to
defray search costs, student
council decided Wednesday.
AMS president Tim Bird
said the money will be
sent directly to the parents of the missing student with no requirements on how it will be
Bird sai d the family
was financially
"strapped" and may use
the money to cover the
cost of their recent trip
to Vancouver from Saskatchewan.
Library rep Noel
McFerran said he was
hesitant about spending (the money) without
earmarking it for a specific aspect of the
search. "It's not the
AMS's role to pay for
students' parents to
come out when the student is missing," he
Science rep Todd
Ablett   said   he   sup-
NOV. 18,19, 20 ONLY
reg. $7.95
sale $4.95
Reg. $15.95
Sale $9.95
SPORTS CLOTHING (ski gloves, swim suits,
rainwear, etc. etc.)
sticks, plus one free skate sharpening
3355 W. Broadway Vancouver, B.C.
Fri. 9:30-9:00
Sat. & Sun 9:30 - 6:00
ported sending money to the
family but also wanted it earmarked. "I believe we have to
attach some strings to this. I
think the money should go specifically to (the search). I don't
want to turn it into a body re
ward," said Ablett.
But giving money to the
family would contradict
council's motion of two weeks
ago to not donate to charities,
said science rep Ari Giligson.
"Are we being clouded over
by our emotions here?"
he asked. "This is a
charity case, just (like)
all the charity cases we
decided not to donate to
two weeks ago."
Ablett disagreed that
council had contradicted itself. "Last week
I did vote against giving
to charities. (But) this
hits close to home," he
said. "It's the fact he's a
UBC student."
Arts rep Ken Armstrong said "I think it is
our responsibility.
When he went missing
he (had) left the Pit, our
drinking establishment. Maybe the
money should come out
of the Rt," he said.
Dobroskay has been
missing since October
Student Representatives to serve on the Board of Governors and the
This notice is a call for nominations for full-time students to run for
election for the following positions :
SENATE - SEVENTEEN students (five at-large and one from each
Nomination formsgivingfull details ofthe requirements of nominations
are available in the Registrar's Office, the A.M.S. Office (Room 266
S.U.B.) and in the offices ofthe Student Undergraduate Societies and
the Graduate Student Association.
Nominations must be in the hands ofthe Registrar no later than 4:00
p.m. on Friday, December 2,1988.
RegisieredMassage Therapist
Dunbar and West 30th
I treat stress-related conditions.
Physicians' referrals are accepted.
For more information or an appointment
please call 222-1778
November 18, 1988 FREE
(BmI or Tofu)
The good deal is, your least expensive meal is FREE when two or more of the
above items are ordered. Not valid with any other coupons. Dining in only,
please. Valid only when this ad is presented prior to placement of order.
3431 WEST BROADWAY 738-5298
Part-Time Secretary
Publishing Company
• good organizational skills
• knowledge of computers
• good communication skills
• excellent salary
• flexible hours
call 681-3379
University Golf Club
West Coast's Best
Driving Range Facility
Special: on the purchase of
the first range token for
any UBC student.
PLUS: Free Nachos with
the purchase of a
second range token.
(Must show student card)
Open 8 am to 10 pm daily
• Covered tees and lights • pitching greens
• 100 compression golf balls • grass tees and
bunker • swing lessons with CPGA pros
Diversity Golf Club
B.C.'s Finest Public Golf & Country Club
5185 University Blvd. /_fE^%\        Phone 224-1818
May ihe
By Rick Hiebert
"I spent a long time in prepa-
g ration for this interview," John
| Turner said. "I had a whole bottle
of Coke and a couple snorts of Te-
; quila—or was it the other way
Turner took time out from his
', busy campaign schedule to hop on
'' his skateboard and roll into The
\ Ubyssey's office, to explain his
| party's platform.
* Turner said he favours "safe
;1 drugs, safe sex and safe rock and
| roll."
Turner wants to put steroids
| in our water, put a hot tub in every
I Canadian house by Christmas,
| have "non-nuclear submarines
| put in every province as carnival
1 rides" and legalize retroactive
| abortions ("We figure there's a lot
| of people that are around today
| that should have been aborted.")
Turner's platform may sound
| a bit odd until you realize you are
| reading about John Christopher
| Turner, the Vancouver Quadra
| candidate ofthe Rhinoceros Party,
| which takes a cockeyed view of
| Canadian politics.
The Rhinos are famous for
1 bringing humour into Canadian
| politics, but local Liberal cam-
| paigners are not laughing at the
| similarity in the two candidate's
| names.
"I wouldn't say the Liberal
party sees anything amusing in
this at all," said May Bxg#tn, the
Liberal ri ding campaign manager.
"Quite frankly, the Rhinos aren't
in it for the <fu» «ithe_\*
Due to the confusion in
names, Bitwn said, Liberal volunteers have been running around
the riding Spray fainting and
pasting. «$* green florescent "N's"
to "hijndreds* of the Liberal
leader's red and white campaign
*We filed a protest with Elections Canada as there .were so
manxirregularities with (John C.
Turners) nomination papers*
said-Brown, who said the Rhino ;
candidate had "quite a few* $rajj_*
nee$ who either lived oi_^drtbe>
riding or-tetcorwsctly wroteraptead
of printing their names on, the
form. * >*
"Wheo the Rhino candidate
filed M$ ^ominatio^ pagers, he
called ,,|ite8elf "-Mm %itner\
which i&tts was just an afcfceatept to
confu^: |he electorate and disen-
Vancouver-Quadra candidate, John
asked to see John C. Turner's
nomination papers, which we are
entitled to do," she said.
The returning officer approved the Rhino Turner's papers
without a hitch, said Richard "the
TF oil*Schaller; Ihe North Vancouver Rhino candidate apd Western
party leader.
"We only had one person with
an address out of the riding. I
think'it was in a cemetery," said
Schaller. "Wehadanother bookful
pf signatures if we needed it."
"We've discussed this Liberal/
May Brown investigation into va.%
nomination papers and afters
much discussion on the subject, we
found that we couldn't find anything funny to say about it, so w$
have no comjnent on it," said
Turner.        '.. *-\
Turner «_«M> briefly met ,his ">.
flic-re farh^/fifefl&esake while-|h0.
Jitter -*§£| ^^paigmng in aL'%o-,
cduvsr i_h«tphg.-ft&-L *I sh$$£-t_s
hand and sa_Br 'Hi Jofe_»v Prft-
John...'. We ne?L/er even-festi--eye
contact and he,s9itj *yfs&>Tgood
sure' as he was ifbrning^Tback. to
roe. ,*      ,   jiv,.
Liberals, Ae^i-yeiar,-oia.^tar»u.
Vancouver na4ft^,"(h63|vfe^ 0°* in
.QojjmJMfbL^^ is™
C. Turner Joe altwasser photo
land and calls himself the "official
Rhino parachute candidate")
works as a carpenter, bike mechanic and tree planter.
He got involved in politics "for
fun," he said, "I wanted to see how
the Kg "boys do it*       ' "*™~~i
"I'm going after the blue cpilar
and T-Shirt vote. I definitely ^ant
the UBC Engineer's vote. I believe
in their foolish shenanigans qn6 I
think they're great. Well hafve a
UBC Engineer's' national hofday
if we're elected/*  -v, 1
Not that the Rhinos inteiid to
ignore the rest of us student!, he
adds. A Rhino government jwill
"give post-graduate students
$100,000 grants to study the ef-
IS^tS of large amounts of income on
a student's lifestyle."
* *vVislt_!_g. UBC yesterday,
^krirar was dismayed a^not being
ftivited to an all candidates'forum
on en*?Mr~aritae_ital law gt.tlie facility of Law. j^f, c-
"We hawj«w vitfw#,6n the
environment ai® J*BAtl|cfe,..to pass
them on," said Turr_gri;;."
"The Rhinoceros party believes it's more fun having a party
than being one," said T\ifner,"who
Said lie **at.ans to- "get rip-roaring
pissed" with other .Rhinos"on $lec-
.■»:i-U-&It*»WM..l|jJ^W'-^^ ■*■*■-* >w,«swp^w.<__«J
on the purchase of the first
range token
Present this coupon and your UBC Student Card. Offer
expires January 1,1989. Limit one coupon per token.
University Golf Club
PLUS: free Nachos at the Thunderbird Bar & Grill
with a purchase of a second token at regular price.
Proof of purchase, UBC student card and this coupon
must be presented. Offer expires Jan. 1,1989.
University Golf Club
Dimmer & Concert Studies
(prerequisite: The Philosophy of Fun)
Learn to have fun without guilt? Todays students
need to balance scholastic endeavors with Social pursuits. Enrol in this course by purchasing
AMS Conc^l^^St^Foggn'Su^^$r.$demanding
practicum of dinners and parties, graduitiraa is marked
by a diploia|,cerera«% and photd&of stents having
fun appearingin ther|%s_ey paper.      y
Dpcomin« Puw IMS Events
Dec 9
Register At FOGG U CAMPUS • Kitsilano • Broadway English Bay
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Other Single People?
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November 18,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 Page F rip ay
What's new Buenos Aires?
Susan Atkins
The Argentinean theatre company,
Teatro Del Sur, challenges both
audience expectations and the theatre
tradition in its presentation of Warsaw
Tango at the Vancouver East Cultural
Warsaw Tango
Vancouver East Cultural Centre
Tuesday, November 8
Creator-director Alberto Felix Alberto
describes his play, set in the Buenos Aires
ofthe 1940's as "a juxtaposition of instants, of moments, of different versions
ofthe same scene". The play develops
complexity and strong rhythm, similar to
the features ofthe tango dance that is
performed several times in the play, with
Warsaw Tango relying heavily on contrast, reflection, and repetition of mood.
As Warsaw Tango progresses, the
rhythm created by juxtaposed scenes and
actions begins to dissolve the boundaries
of fantasy and reality within the play.
A tango plays over the radio and a
woman, Amanda (Monica Lacoste), stands
ironing at the opening ofthe play. Here,
and in other scenes throughout Warsaw
Tango, the music functions as a catalyst,
forcing characters to react. In this first
moment ofthe play, the sound ofthe
tango jars Amanda into a memory, or
possibly a fantasy. Through the brief
snippets that follow, the strange, violent
relationship between Amanda and her
lover/husband, The Pole (Cesar Repetto),
Equally intriguing are the scenes in-
Film goes Borneo
by Lisa Doyle
Distant Thunder is a rather
shallow Vietnam, father/son
drama that gets lost somewhere
between Coming Home and Kramer vs.
Kramer. It is one of those films that
leaves most of the audience thinking, "It
was okay but it could have been so much
Distant Thunder
Capitol 6
John Lithgoe plays Mark Lambert, a
Vietnam vet living in the forest, unable to
cope with civilization in the great metropolis of Port Angeles, really an overgrown logging camp. Afellow vet commits
suicide by "kissing a train," a morbid ritual the vets toy with.
The plot gets worse. He meets a
kind-hearted female logger (if only this
film were set in Canada it would make a
great spoof) who treats him like a
human being for the first time in a long
time. Unfortunately, she has a big bad
logger boyfriend named Moss. We expect
this boyfriend.half-dressed in a de rigeur
black and red checked "Prince George
sportscoat" to tie her to the railroad
Shocked by his friend's death and
emotionally rekindled by his new woman
friend, Lithgow decides to contact his
estranged 18-year-old son, played by Mr.
Cute and Wholesome Ralph Maccio.
What follows is not new. Maccio searches
the rainforest for his father, who has
"gone Borneo," finds him, and argues
with him; they face a crisis which draws
the two of them together.
This movie could have examined the
fact that an estimated 40,000 Vietnam
vets live in similar conditions, or that
between 54 000 and 108 000 vets have
committed suicide since the war. But
they didn't. Instead, they chose to make
the film a love story; romantic and
The cinematography is beautiful;
you are quickly aware of Supernatural
B.C., used as a backdrop for the film.
John Lithgow's versatility as a performer is evident, yet his acting is stilted
and basically corny.
The one worthwhile performance is
by Denis Arndt as Larry, a clasic fool-like
character who turns out to be wiser than
The film is worth seeing ifyou like
pretty scenery, but there is little else to
volving The Diva (Adriana Diaz), a seductive singer/prostitute, and The Magnificent (Walter Gilmour), a sinister male
tango dancer. The seedy world of these
two figures initially seems opposed and
separate from Amanda's world of drudgery. The all-black wardrobes of The
Magnificent and The Diva compared to
the white worn by The Pole and Amanda
emphasizes this contrast, as do the black
and white chess pieces placed on the sides
of the stage.
The two realms begin to merge, until
the screens, which originally divide the
couples, become doorways. By the climax
of the play, the union is so complete that
Amanda and The Diva seem to become
Clearly, this is an enigmatic play.
The audience is denied the ready-made
world that plays usually provide. The
audience is, instead, left disturbed and
puzzled, trying to determine what is
reality, fantasy, and memory in the play.
The play develops
complexity and strong
rhythm, similar to the
features ofthe tango dance
that is performed several
times in the play.
The lack of words heighten the confusion created by Warsaw Tango. In fact,
only two statements (in Spanish) are
made throughout the entire the play,
although these two are repeated several
times. Neither statement provides much
illumination on the overall interpretation
ofthe play, and The Pole's declaration
"that the whales are committing
suicide...and...there is a hole in the
atmosphere" is out of place with the time
period of the play.
Unfortunately, blocking problems
mar the performance for a small portion
ofthe audience. With the audience seated
on three sides, the action, occurring
behind the screens located at the back of
the stage, becomes virtually invisible to
those people seated on the outer edges.
This is particularly frustrating because
the play depends so much on visuals.
Overall, however, the spare set
design is extremely effective. It successfully describes the dinginess and brutality
of Buenos Aires, while the play manipulates this simple set to create the many
different environments necessary.
The performance of all four actors are
of an extremely high calibre. Monica
Lacoste's portrayal of Amanda is the most
impressive, since she is able to eloquently
express a broad range of emotions without
the benefit of more than one short line.
The success ofthe actors' performances and the entire play probably reflect
this theatre company's commitment to
their material and their innovative
approach, both of which are finally
earning the troupe well-deserved recognition throughout North America.
November 18,1988 During the 1970's, whenThe Ubyssey published thrice weekly, the Friday issue was
known as Page Friday. But all who read Page Friday knew it was not a page or even a
single issue. Page Friday was, and remains, a state of mind. We at The Ubyssey are
proud to present the renaissance of the concept of Page Friday.
by Svetozar Kontic
Somewhere beyond the world of
teenage frivolity and complete
adult boredom lies a kind of post-adolescent quagmire or black hole.
The Pursuit of Happiness
The Town Pump
Tuesday, November 8
A lot of young people with university degrees spend their days working at
awful jobs they can't stand—the dreaded
"paying your dues" bullshit. Last week a
lot of them showed up stoned and drunk
at the Town Pump to listen to The
Pursuit of Happiness sing about how
fucking tough it is to maintain sanity in
a screwed-up world.
Lead singer Moe Berg laments in
the band's most publicized song Tm an
Adult Now," that he can't write about
girls anymore, now he's gotta talk about
The band used its weird sexual innuendo to the fullest along with a flamboyant mix of rauneh and roll—punk
metal style—to capture the spirit of
post-adolescent angst in a sweaty
nightclub atmosphere. The band went
through a chorus of songs that ranged
from hard rock to warped ballads with a
deep base and pounding drums in the
Drunk and stoned
at the Town Pump
I'm an Adult Now is a youth anthem
that anyone who grinds away another
rotten day on the job with a bunch of
redneck, fascist jerks can appreciate. It
talks about the transition from being a
stupid teenager to being an equally
oblivious adult.
The band's other rauneh and roll
thriller is "Killed by Love," a song which
equates sexual rejection with lying in a
puddle of your own urine—it's just no
fucking fun.
Pursuit of Happiness is at its best
with the heavy punk metal style that
straddles the thin line between the two
musical genres. Their lyrics are preposterous, rude and sexually explicit, which
seemed to accommodate a boisterous
crowd that was a strange mixture in
itself, of black and pastel clothing.
The sexual overtones started early in
the set with "Beautiful White," a sweet,
melodic song that kind of rolls along in a
daydream state and talks about watching
your girlfriend take her clothes off. Berg
likes to sing about sex in his songs and
during breaks as well.
He managed to stop one persistent
heckler by telling the jester that he had
fucked his mother the night before—and
even shaved her back.
During the final encore, "The
Necrophilia Song," a campy 60's rock-
folk ballad aided by some unusual
lyrics, Berg casually mentions sticking a
chocolate Easter bunny in a certain
erogenous part of the female anatomy
and then tasting Easter in a whole new
Berg, along with his two front-of-
stage female counterparts, guitarists
Kris Abbott and vocalist Leslie
Stanwyck, sets up a zany rapport with
the audience, never straying far from
sexually heightened comment.
Probably the most representative
song of the evening was called "She's So
Young", about the carefree, wanton days
of youth, when nothing really seemed to
matter—we still want to do the same
stupid things, but we're supposed to
know better. _
<$_ _-*-dig
7) 10DAY
by Chris Wiesinger
The good'ol' boy look—cleanshaven,
short-haired, smiling—of The
Gracious Four won out over the charismatic posing ofthe Surf Hippies and the
incoherent noise of Lethal Virus as
another evening melted into morning at
the Railway Club last Monday night.
Railway Club
Monday, November 14
Odds-on favorites to win Monday
night seemed to be the Surf Hippies—
returning veterans of the first year of
Shindig—who opened the night with a
wave of old and new tunes, many reminiscent of old Cult material. The band has
particularly strong vocals and guitar
work, but their stage presence was
marred by a host of technical problems.
Their inability to gain momentum likely
cost them the night's competition.
The Gracious Four seemed out of
place at Shindig, mostly because their
material lacked the originality which
usually characterizes the alternative
scene. Theirs is early-seventies pugnacious American rock—the kind of stuff
The Band used to put out. Even the vocals
sounded Band-esque, characterized by a
Levon Helm Tennessee warble. It's a
simple form of rock and roll, and it just
sucks when it's played badly or with the
wrong attitude. Well, The Gracious Four
had the attitude, had the sound, and, hell,
performance-wise outclassed the casual,
problem-plagued Surf Hippies.
The third band, Lethal Virus, epitomized the worst and ugliest aspect of the
alternative scene. Their thrasher tunes
(if one dare call them "tunes") inspired a
few loyal fans to start slam-dancing at the
front of the stage, expressing all the hate
and hostility inherent in the skinhead
mentality. One wonders why anyone
would want a recording of this type of
noise, a frenetically paced excretion of the
ugliest sounds drums and electric guitars
can make. Shindig judges should be
commended for not encouraging this foul,
festering virus.
by Keith Damsell
Comedies that aren't funny are no
fun. There is nothing worse than
trying to produce a sympathetic laugh for
a struggling cast. Such was the case of
The Braggart Soldier, presented last week
at the Dorothy Somerset Studio.
The Braggart Soldier
Dorothy Somerset Studio
It's not as if the proper ingredients
for good theatre were missing. After being
greeted by a doorman in a toga, my friend
and I entered a Greek courtyard; a
sculpted fountain spouted water at center
stage. We drank Domestica wine and
lounged on heavy cushions.
Unfortunately, the same care put into
establishing an atmosphere had not been
applied to the rest of our evening.
Plautus' The Braggart Soldier revolves around the simple "romantic twins"
plot. While the soldier, Pyrgopolynices, is
away on a campaign, his concubine, Philo-
camasium, cavorts with the neighbor's
son. In order to avoid suspicion, an
imaginary twin sister and a sultry lure for
Pyrgopolynices are created. Will Pyrgopolynices discover his lover's infidelity? Will
Philocamasium's scheming slave, Paleas-
tro, be set free? And, more importantly,
will the audience care?
By the end of Act One, the problem
was clear. Director Robin Nichol's
production attempted to travel two paths
but failed to arrive at either destination.
The audience was presented with both an
authentic Greek comedy and a parody of
twenties vaudeville. Consequently, there
was an odd mix of slapstick and classicism. For instance, a Greek prostitute
spoke with a Mae West twang and the
play is full of "Our Gang" double takes. If
a gag was funny the first time, they did it
again. Unfortunately, it was never funny
the second time and certainly not the
Pacing is the key to comedy and there
was a definite lack of measure during the
first act. As the lights came up for
intermission, I had already passed
sentence: The Braggart Soldier had been
conquered by a much stronger enemy—
over-ambitous direction. Then came Act
^eter Wilds, in punked out hair and
painted toenails brought spontaneity and
wif to the character of Pyrgopolynices.
Somehow, he managed to combine
outrageously effeminate and viciously
masculine posturing. Wilds' performance
was an unexpected relief.
However, his victory only highlighted
the defeat of the rest of the production. In
the end, Wilds won the battle, but The
Braggart Soldier lost the war.
November 18,1988
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Authentic Chinese Cuisine
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-9:00 pm
1 Closed Sat ui days
Sundays and Holidays	
4:00 pm - 9 pm
P^iiM 2142 Western Parkway UBC Village
 Opposite Chevron Station
Graffiti expresses
political views
By Allan English
The free-trade debate has
stirred up the graffiti artists.
A large billboard on east
Venables promoting virgin wool
was recently attacked. The outdoor advertisement shows a
sweater-clad woman holding a
lamb under the slogan: pull the
wool over. Pasted on her face was a
graphic of Uncle Sam, and over the
lamb's face was a picture of Brian
On Commercial Drive a message is stapled on a gate—"No
great nation has ever arisen whose
policy was free trade," Sir John A.
MacDonald, 1878, Parliamentary
James Macintosh, a masters
candidate in communication and
political economy, applauds
Vancouver's political graffiti. "I
think it's an important form of
expression," says Macintosh.
"Graffiti should knock you on your
ass, it should subvert something."
"Graffiti in Vancouver is more
political than anywhere else in
Canada, it's not so racist or homophobic," he says.
Political graffiti around the
Point Grey area is rare, but spray-
gunned across the walls of
Vancouver's east end the debate is
hot: "Vander Zalm's mother had
no choice", "Nobody cares, vote for
nobody", "Bash the right".
The political graffiti around
UBC dulls in comparison. "Nuke
Brian Mulroney Forever", "Restore the Roman Empire".
South American Urban anthropologist Pilar Riano Alcala
finds graffiti at Canadian universities different from her Colombian homeland. She says we limit
our graffiti to mainly sexual issues
and personal problems, rarely
going beyond the bathroom walls
to the desks and the hallways.
Riano says that Canadian
graffiti is usually anonymous
while Colombians enjoy signing
nicknames such as "The Virgin
In a stall of the men's room, Ronnie looks on in disbelief.
Royal Canadian
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If you see an accident
Date, Time, Licence Number
and Description
to your local Police
lb Prevent Crime
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— Janet ktastin. THE NEW YORK TIMES
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November 18,1988 «
Historian Robert Darnton
documents everyday life
By Greg Smith
The funniest thing that
ever happened in a small printing shop in Paris, at least during the late 1730's, was a riotous massacre of cats. Appalling, right? Well, Robert
Darnton, the historian who
details th' 5 macabre episode in
eighteenth century cultural
history, is not simply trying to
shock or even entertain us with
his reconstruction of bizarre
events from the past.
Darnton, a noted scholar in
French Enlightenment studies
and author of The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in
French Cultural History, does not
want us to see such an episode as
funny. Instead, the Princeton his
torian wants us to see how such
things as a mock hanging of cats
was representative of some deeper
currents of thought and meaning
in eighteenth century life.
Darnton, who was at UBC
earlier this month as a speaker in
the Cecil Green Lecture series, is
involved in a new kind of approach
to scholarship in the humanities
which has given new life and new
interest to the established discipline of history.
Although he pursued his
Rhodes scholarship in history,
Darnton's work borrows liberally
from the social sciences, such as
anthropology, sociology and ethnography, to produce a new kind of
cultural interpretation which
maintains an historical framework.
At Princeton, Darton acts
as director of the Program
in European Cultural Studies, which promotes just
this kind of liberal intellectual study. The program
was born of a course he has
taught since 1972, with
noted anthropologist, Clifford Geertz, in which a
broad topic such as witchcraft is  dealt  with  from
both the anthropological and historical angles.
Darton sees this as a positive
and healthy direction for history.
Because from his point of view,
and without discounting the importance of entertainment, the
real purpose or end to all of this is
the discovery of meaning.
"Sure, I would be thrilled if
people would read what I wrote as
entertainment. But if history can
give some amusement or pleasure,
so that we are not simply writing
for other professionals, and I can
feel for example, that I am part of
the general cultural process, the
way a novelist would, then I would
be just thrilled." But Darnton
professes there are indeed some
larger ambitions to Ms work.
«... We try to teach a
kind of history that
deals with how
ordinary people
viewed the worlds
"There are not many historians today who feel their work provides a kind of historical rationale
.ibr some current political position or some general sense
of participation in
the polity, the
way say Hegel
or Marx did in
the       nineteenth   century, even in
the socialist
does    admit,   in   a
corny remark, that "there is a
hunger to make sense of things,
and to figure out the meaning of
life in a lot of scholarship." But
what Darnton thinks his kind of
anthropological history can do is
study the way other people viewed
the world and get a sense of other
peoples' "world-views—the way
the average man or woman in the
street construed life. This I think
is a possible agenda, something we
can actually realize. And if we do
realize it, I think it satisfies a real
hunger for meaning."
"... world-views—the
way the average
manor woman in
the street construed
life. This 1 think is a
possible agenda,
something we can
actually realize..."
Darnton has no problems
with this new direction for history.
In fact, he is confident that this
kind of disciplinary networking is
a positive thing for the humanities, and he doesn't mind being
trendy. "If you feel that you are
part of a group that is setting the
trend, and it comes out of some
serious, intellectual rationale,
whynot? It's not as if we are trying
to take over history and claim that
this is the only kind of history. We
try to teach a kind of history that
deals with how ordinary people
viewed the world."
Besides his collaboration with
anthropologists, Darnton cites his
experience as a journalist as part
of his background training in the
search for meaning. From 1964-
65, Darnton worked as a police
research reporter for the New
York Times, in Newark, New Jersey, digging up police files and
chasing police cars as they were off
on raids. "There is something
about journalism that orients one
towards the concrete, the particular, sometimes the colourful," says
He sees his experience there
as positive strength which has
helpedhim make sense ofthe hack
writers, nefarious publishers, and
Grub Street journalists of the
eighteenth century that he writes
about today.
Another kind of history that
Darnton is trying to develop is a
histroy of communications and the
communications industry. He is
trying to show that throughout
history, or at least since the eighteenth century, people read things
in their own ways and they read
into texts a great deal of extra
meaning. Even when comparing
the media of the eighteenth century with the mass media of today,
Darnton still feels readers construe what they read, and put
together their own pictures based
largely on their own desires, ambitions and knowledge. And this is
something that Darnton finds
characteristic of human intellect
in gerneral.
"Look, here I am just off the
plane from Newark, New Jersey,
and I hear everyone is talking
about this thing—free trade. I've
picked up some of the local newspapers, and its clear that free
trade means wildly different
things to different people, and
people are making of it what they
want to make of it." What Darnton
may be getting at is that even in
our day to day lives, we could gain
so much more understanding and
insight from ourselves if we were,
as individuals, more open and
receptive to other world-views and
other rational methods.
Also, this may be why
Darnton has such faith in the future of the humanities, and history in particular. "I don't know
how it is here, but at Princeton
students are pouring into the faculty in unprecedented numbers. I
do think that in some places, history in particular is booming.
History is an area which is attracting students because ofthe energy
and enthusiasim in the field and it
gives a good general background
to many disciplines. Also, there
are a number of jobs opening up so
that really, the whole typography
of the profession has changed."
;*.„ if history can
give some
amusement or
pleasure, so that we .
are not simply
writing lor other
professionals^., the
way a novelist
would, then I would
be just thrilled."
"But for the humanities in
gereral, I think there is a new
sense of energy—but it is where
the disciplines converge that the
excitement and the energy is. It is
the marginal types who seem to be
flourishing now, rather the way
flowers can bloom in a crevice in
the wall, or something like that.
That's the direction of growth and
vitality. But what the future
holds, I don't know because, as an
historian, I tend to look backwards
rather than forwards."
for the
MJJ\^y _J_L  •
Register Now
November 22 & 24
UBC Reading, Writing and Study Skills
Centre for Continuing Education
Student Representatives to serve on the Board of
Governors and the Senate.
This notice is a call for nominations for full-time students
to run for election for the following positions :
SENATE - SEVENTEEN students (including at least one
from each faculty)
Nomination forms giving full details of the requirements
of nominations are available in the Registrar's Office, the
A.M.S. Office (Room 266 S.U.B.) and in the offices ofthe
Student Undergraduate Societies and the Graduate Student Association
Nominations must be in the hands of the Registrar no
later than 4:00 p.m. on Friday, December 2,1988.
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November 18,1988
Director, Centre for Ebla Research
CYRUS GORDON was with the expedition that discovered what is popularly
known as King Solomon's Mines. Currently he is working to restore the Lost
Language of Ebla. In 1983, the Syrian Department of Antiquities invited him to
examine 15,000 clay tablets from Ebla's royal archives. A specialist in deciphering ancient inscriptions, Professor Gordon is proficient in many languages,
including Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Egyptian, jkkkadian, Babylonian, Hittite,
Sumerian and Arabic.
Deciphering of Script from the Ancient City of Ugarit
Monday, November 21 In Buchanan A-104, at 12:30pm
The Contemporary Significance of the Search for Ancient Languages
Tuesday, November 22 In room 5037-AQ, at 12:30pm, Simon Fraser University
THE PENTATEUCH: Source Criticism of Multiple or Single Authorship
Wednesday, November 23        Chapel Auditorium, at 11:30am, Regent College
How Has Our Knowledge of 'Forgotten Scripts' and of 'Human Prehistory'
Changed Over the Last 100 years?
Thursday, November 24 In Buchanan A-104, at 12:30pm
The Early Bronze Age (3000-2000 B.C.) is particularly crucial to civilization
because writing was developed during that period - writing in the sense of the
phonetic spelling out of languages that can be read and interpreted. At Ugarit,
around 1400 B.C., the first form of our own ABC's appear in cuneiform on clay,
with nearly all of the letters arranged in the order we retain today.
Room 210, 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T1W5
Telephone: (604) 228-5675
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Basketball teams
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jqWTHE UBr66_y-24«-ilP6T/ffl6 Bl 6UBJ-JH THE MR HOm**-E>«T COSHER)
By Joe Altwasser
The UBC men's basketball
team placed a disappointing seventh in the Golden Bears tournament in Edmonton last weekend.
The Birds managed only one victory during the weekend, that over
the University of Manitoba 68-60
in the battle for seventh and
eighth place in the eight team
The 'Birds lost the first match
89-88 to the previously unheralded Voyageurs of Laurentian.
The Birds were beaten by a three
pointer with ten seconds left in the
Three pointers were the telling factor in the Laurentian victory as they shot eleven from that
distance compared with UBC's
goose egg.
The *Birds second loss was at
the hands of the Dinos from Calgary 104-96. As coach Bruce Enns
said, "we played a good game but
for the second night in a row we
brought out the best in our opposition."
The T-Birds also begin their
Canada West play against Vikings
this weekend at UBC. The cross-
strait rivalry always produces
heated matches, and coach Enns
expects an "emotional series."
The two keys to a UBC victory
is shutting down the Mackay
brothers, Jeff and Spencer. "Jeff is
the key to their outside game and
Spencer is the key to the inside."
The games are Friday and
Saturday night at War Memorial
and Enns says "we desperately
need fans as they have a tremendous impact." Game time is 7:00.
The UBC women's basketball
team finished in sixth place in the
Bison Invitational last weekend in
Winnipeg to close out their preseason schedule.
The "Birds lost their opening
match Friday to Regina 69-59. Raj
Johal paced the Birds with 18
points in the loss to Regina.
The Birds were victorious in
their next match against Windsor
85-74. Again Johal led the Birds
attack, scoring 25 points. Coach
Bev Smith was pleased with the
"well balanced scoring attack."
Tessa Valy pumped in 20 points
and Val Philpot added 10 to help
the women to their second victory
of the season.
In the final game the T-Birds
came out on the bottom side of a
73-71 heartbreaker to the University of Winnipeg. Smith thought
the loss was not totally negative
considering that they lost to this
same team by 20 points just one
week ago. Jonal again played a
strong game accounting for 23
points in the loss.
The T-Birds begin their Canada West season this weekend
against the red-hot U-Vic Vikettes
who are undefeated in nine preseason matches. Games are Friday and Saturday night beginning
at 5:45 at the War Memorial
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November 18,1988 -/2y --•'
UBC language instructors fight for union
By Kris Obertas
After 14 months of negotiations, UBC's language instructors
are still without a union.
They are now preparing their
third application to the Industrial
Relations Council in their struggle
to certify as a collective bargaining
Two previous applications
were rejected when the IRC accepted the university
administration's argument that
the bargaining units proposed by
the instructors were inappropriate.
In September 1987, the UBC
Language Institute's English language instructors applied for certification as Local 14 of the College-Institute Educator's Association of B.C.   (C-IEA).
The first application arose out
ofthe instructors' frustration with
the administration's handling of
their requests for benefits, according to Peter Miller, president of
the English Language Institute
Sessional Instructors' Association.
"Quite a lot of teachers have
been (here) for at least eight years
and were tired of working without
benefits," said Miller. "They
hadn't even got holiday pay and
UBC was fined by the IRC to back
pay six month's holiday pay. Big
dealifyou've workedfor six years."
Earlier in 1987, the instructors found out that the salary
maximums at UBC were below
minimums elsewhere. "We went to
UBC with a modest request for a
wage and benefits package. UBC
ignored the request," said Miller.
The English language instructors then turned to C-IEA for
help in certifying a bargaining
The first certification attempt
was turned down by the IRC when
the university administration
argued successfully that any bargaining unit that did not include
all language instructors was inappropriate.
C-IEA made the second certification application in early 1988
for a bargaining unit containing
all language instructors.
The administration argued
that the language instructors did
not fit the administration's de
sired pattern of university-wide
bargaining units, according to
Paul Ramsey, C-IEA president.
The administration claimed an
appropriate unit would include all
sessional instructors. The IRC
turned down the application.
The administration is refusing comment.
Calling for a bargaining unit
containing all sessional instructors is like refusing the instructors
union representation, according to
Ramsey. The thousands of sessional instructors at UBC include
doctors, lawyers and judges.
Ramsey said it would be impossible to contact all the sessional
instructors and to get them to
agree to bargain with a group of
instructors earning less than
$20,000 per year.
"Sessional instructors expressed no willingness to organize," said Ramsey. "The language
instructors have expressed a willingness to certify. What they
wanted to do is create a small,
tightly organized unit.
"Which is more important?
The instructors' willingness to
organize or the institution's desire
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During the second certification hearing, the administration
said they did not want a new union
on campus after spending five or
six years rationalizing non-faculty
labor to representation by the
Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE).
The administration said they
were willing to accept a variance of
the existing CUPE Teaching Assistant local to include the language instructors and thus allow
the instructors to gain union representation.
The second IRC hearing was
not pleasant, said Miller. "When it
was over there was a lot of handshaking and talk about (working
together) amicably in the future,"
he said.
The instructors took the
administration's statements at
face value and organized a third
certification attempt.
"We anticipated no problem
from UBC for trying to vary the TA
Local," said Miller. "An employer
is usually happy to include a group
of workers under an (existing)
umbrella group. They prefer to
deal with the devil they know than
the devil they don't know."
The instructors approached
Anne Ironside, director of the
Center for Continuing Education
to obtain a list of language instructors to assure that all individuals
in the proposed bargaining unit
would be informed of the upcoming vote on representation by
They were referred to Dr.
James Dybikowski, Associate
Vice-President of Faculty Relations. Dybikowski refused to release a list of instructors on the
grounds that it was not appropriate to divulge personal information to outsiders, said Miller.
But Miller was unsatisfied
with this explanation. "It's not
personal      information—just
There are two John Turners on
the ballot in this federal election.
Make sure to mark your X beside
Turner, John N.
Choose your candidate
carefully.  If you make a
mistake, you have the right
to ask for a new ballot.
Ifyou are unsure, ask the
Deputy Returning Officer
at your polling station.
names—and we're not outsiders,
we're all language instructors,"
said Miller.
During the certification process, the IRC goes to the employer
to get a list employees within the
proposed bargaining unit. The
IRC checks the signed membership cards submitted by the union
with the certification application
against the employee list to see
whether a majority ofthe employees want union representation.
During the second certification attempt, the administration
gave the IRC a list including
employees who hadn't taught
regularly or had gone abroad to
locations such as Japan or Australia, according to Miller.
"I think that was kind of a
dirty play," said Miller. "The IRC
allowed names a year old that had
only taught for a few weeks (and
gave) the employer every opportunity to inflate the record with
employees that we can't reach."
"The teaching assistants have
passed a motion at their general
meeting to apply to the IRC to vary
the TA Local. Our signup continues (and) we are receiving cards
back from abroad and from around
the campus."
"We're optimistic that we
have more than 50 per cent of the
instructors. We've got almost 100
per cent support from current
English Language Institute instructors. We're hopeful that will
tip the scales. We don't know how
manv names UBC will out on the
list," said Miller.
"I think it's boiling down to a
point where its clear that the university is not beingfair to its workers . We're doing exactly what UBC
wanted us to do. Will the university try to avoid dealing with the
instructors now that (we) have
done what they asked? Based on
their behavior so far they'll try to
wriggle out of it," he said.
November 18,1988
THE UBYSSEY/13 }.*      ^W^w*    ^   1}_s„yt^<**>'.*      ^   *<£,*:
Shafting the
Canadian voter
Canada's anti-free trade campaigners tell us
Monday's election will not mark the end of the free trade
controversy. The debate over the FTA won't end with the
re-election of a Conservative government. Canadians will
still decide the fate of our economy and sovereignty. Why is
this prediction so difficult to swallow?
Maybe because it was a Conservative government that
was so reluctant to submit to a federal election in the first
place—hoping they could get by with implimenting the
FTA without our consent.
Maybe because a referendum is an incredibly arduous
and expensive process that would seem terribly inefficient
considering Canadians will have elected a government
based on its free trade proposal.
Maybe because we are all so bored stiff or confused silly
over the damn thing that we'll cringe in horror at the
thought of rehashing the whole ordeal.
Canadians are getting shafted in this election. We are
being forced to use our powerful vote on one issue and one
issue only—free trade. We are being asked to ignore a host
of other issues—Native self-government, Meech Lake, the
deficit, privatization, regional disparity, defense... And we
are being asked to vote on something that we should have
been asked about separately, in a referendum.
Democracy doesn't revolve around solitary controversies. When we are given only one vote every four to five
years, we deserve the opportunity to vote on more than one
What next
Dr. Strangway?
Howironic that President Strangway says universities
should be politically active on world issues like nuclear
weapons, but when it comes to local political issues—the
Gay Games—he backs off.
Last Thursday, he said universities "must begin to
speak out" on complex world issues because universities
have "freedom from interference from all kinds of sources."
Well, that sounds reasonable and praiseworthy, but
it's difficult to believe that he means what he says.
Just six weeks ago, Strangway was unwilling to let Gay
Games organizers rent campus facilities because he didn't
want UBC "to have an informal identity with an issue of
such controversy."
If he's too nervous to handle a simple commercial
transaction between the university and a gay organization,
where he's going to find the courage to tackle even stickier
issues which affect alot more people? Nuclear conflict is not
for the faint of heart.
Strangway should avoid looking like a hypocrite by
letting Gay Games organizers book campus facilties—and
he should decide this now, not in December, or January, or
when hell freezes over.
Until then, no one can take anything he says about
"The Role ofthe University in the Nuclear Age" seriously.
November 18, 1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bytheAlmaMaterSociety
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or ofthe sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k of the
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301;  advertising, 228-3977.
Strange, glowing Blimey things slithered throughout the office. Ted
Aussem and Mandel Ngan first noticed weird poc-marks around
their ankles, crusty with dried blood. Alarmed, they disappeared
into the little boys room to wash it off, never to be seen
again...alive.At first, eveiyone suspected Rick Heibert-he's a
strange slimey thing-but it became apparent upon his subsequent
vanishing that blame had been misplaced. Odd gooey trails, silvery
shit-like, and fresh, led to the darkroom. Franticly, KatherineMonk
and Deanne Fisher began to pound on the door to warn Chris
Weisenger and Joe Altwasser, trapped inside, of their impending
doom. But it was too late. When the doors were battered down, all
that was found was a gelatinous pile of oozing digestive juices and
a half disolved Nike. Dave Miller scooped up a fingerful, which
pulled away from the heap in a glistening mucous-like thread.
"What is it?" asked Allan English. As Dave's finger began to bubble,
developing strange bleeding poe marks, Barb Wilson, Laura
Busheikin and Olivia Zanger let out screams of terror. They were to
be their last. Greg Smith , Alex Johnson, Kris Obertas and Sean
Kelly raced for the door. It was Locked!! !By the time they had turned
to look back into the office Cathy Lu and Laura May stood pointing
to the only other escape, the window. On their hands...bleeding
sores.David Ferman reached for a fire extinguisher (he had seen the
Blob). Unfortunately, he wasn't the only one who had seen the Blob,
and IT had gotten there before him. Chung Wong grabbed Jennifer
Lyall's wrist, pulling her to the window. They jumped. Disolving
corpses splattered upon the sidewalk.Corinne Bjorge knew she was
next With one final sigh, she looked to her framed picture of Brad
Bonar, cried "uuuuhhhhhlYou make me weak!", and gurgled her
last breath through bubbling lungs. Robert Groberman sat behind
his desk, arms folded behind his head, serene, contented. Full.
Deanne Fleher* n«w»
Robert Groberman: entertainment
Katherine Monk: city desk
Mandel Ngan: photography
Canada worth
from F.T.A.
The free trade debate
has been tedious and confusing, but it has made me
realize the glaring differences between Canada and
the USA and why we must
fight to maintain these differences.
In Canada people are
more important than money
and the market place; we
have fewer grossly rich and
fewer desperately poor. We
have a social welfare that
prevents people from starving to death and universal
healthcare that ensures no
one dies because they can't
afford to see a doctor.
Recently I was in hospital where I received 24-hour
nursing, the expertise of
three doctors and medication free. Living in the
United States, I may well
have been among the 30
million people without
health insurance and could
possibly have died.
The United States has
3 million homeless, the
highest infant mortality
rate of the industrialized
world and an economy
buoyed by the production of
Do we want to become
dependant on such a country? Do we even want to take
a chance with our social
programs, our energy, our
resources, our environment?
What about our culture? John Crosbie may believe that free trade is more
important than who we are,
but I believe our culture is
good enough and vital
enough to deserve measures, specially taken, to
enhance and preserve it.
Any culture that can produce k.d. lang in her sparkling red jacket with silver
maple leaves belting out
'Crying" must be worth protecting.
Economically do we
stand a chance? What
manufacturing   company
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which Is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
will stay in Canada when
they can move production to
Texas, pay workers $1.40/
hour and ship the goods to
Canada tariff free?
Politically do we want
our Prime Minister to be
subservient to a President
who considers liberal a four
letter word and a Vice-Pres.
who has been compared to a
cross between a chicken and
a hawk?
We have much to be
proud of, and much to lose.
On Monday, defeat the Free
Trade Agreement by voting
New Democrat!
Venessa Geary
Arts 3
Johnson and
Having read Kurt
Preinsperg(er) in the Ubyssey for several years, his
latest discourse compels us
to write.
Preinsperg suffers from
the arrogant belief that he is
qualified to advise fellow
students on sexual matters.
His coital repertoire runs
the gamut from dismay that
free love does not exist at
Wreck Beach to celebration
of the erotic power of coffee
and all-night cuddling with
a classmate. In his column
on AIDS, he laments the
AIDS-test results for his
prospective partners because he would be forced to
momentarily suppress his
Now the self-proclaimed sexual guru of UBC
offers his latest. 'perspective'- an attempt to shed
light on the sexual politics
at the Pit. In a seemingly
objective description and
analysis of a social setting,
Preinsperg not only counsels single men on pick-up
tactics, but also negates his
long-professed understanding of women. The statement that "some (attractive
women) get their egos
stroked primarily from
turning down men" is rife
with  misogyny  and  obvi
ously further serves to reconstruct his own depleted
sense of desirability after
having been personally rejected. It is clear that Kurt
hasn't been having as much
"cuddling" as he might
dream of.
Indeed there is an underlying note of sexual frustration and obsession in all
of Preinsperg work on these
matters. He is perfectly entitled to machinate in order
to get his rocks off with more
people more often, but to
assume that his own experiences speak for the masses
or are in any way universal
is a supreme ejaculation of
his ego. We don't need Kurt
Preinsperg to come to our
emotional rescue.
B. Johnston,
S. Kschischang
Arts 4
alien to
Joe Devoy is uncertain
about the modern idea of
tolerance. He can start with
John Locke's three letters
"Concerning Tolerance"
(1689-1692). One specific
example should have been
clear to Mr. Devoy from a
series of letters—tolerance
to gays. Briefly, our Enlightenment (not religious) idea
of tolerance says that governments specifically, and
social institutions generally, should protect minorities from oppression.
The fact that the word
"tolerance" becomes ambiguous when Mr. Devoy
takes it from context should
not lead him to cite irrelevant entries from Webster's.
Just return to the context.
Tolerance was never a
Christian (or Muslim or
Hindu> virtue, simply because protection of rights as
we now understand them
was literally incomprehensible in Palestine 2000 years
ago. The moral is general:
don't read strange modern
values back into our ancestors.
Turning the cheek may
be admirable when practiced by he oppressed themselves, but gives no protection when, rightly, they
wish to stop turning. Loving
thy neighbor is so hopelessly
vague as to be compatible
with almost anything.
Mr. Devoy is too kind to
early Christians when he
says they were "forgetful"
about tolerance. Instead,
tolerance was never theirs
int he first place to forget. "I
bring not peace but a
sword." (Matthew 10:34)
Greg Lanning
Law 2
Vote for
your country
In a few days time the
most important election in
Canadian history will be
upon us. We, the Canadian
people, will decide what
kind of Canada our children
will live in. Will it be a country that would rather spend
$10 billion on nuclear subs
than on health and education? Will it be a country
where our children live in an
environmental nightmare?
Will it be a country that only
taxes the middle and lower
income earners, while the
richest Canadians get even
richer? Above all, will it be a
country that has lost the
respect ofthe world because
of its economic and political
union with the United
These are the questions
that you should be asking
yourself between now and
election day. Despite my
partisan label at the end of
this letter, I am not telling
you who to vote for. I am
telling you to vote not only
for yourself but also for the
entire country. When you
enter the ballot box on November 21, think very carefully about the kind of society you want Canada to be:
cold and selfish or warm and
Martin Stuible
President UBC New
Faculty of Education
November 18,1988 Ed rallies the troops on Tuesday night in Burnaby.
^\ .^__
accused of bias
While it's great that folksinger Bruce Cockburn wants to help
the people of Mozambique
(Wednesday, November 9th), he
has misplaced the source of that
nation's problems.
Marxist regimes like the one
presently controlling Mozambique have always found it in their
best interest to get celebrities and
opinion leaders like Cockburn to
come through their country and
then go home and paint a rosy picture of life under their despotic
Mozambique is in a state of
civil war. The Marxist FRELIMO
government, propped up by Zimbabwean, Cuban and Eastern
Bloc forces, is fighting the Mozambique National Resistance (MNR
or RENAMO). The MNR controls
80 percent ofthe country, leaving
governemnt controlled patches
reachable only by air or armed
MNR controlled territory is a
haven where citizens are free to
work, farm, speak and worship as
they please. FRELIMO, however,
rules by force and brute terror. It
S-N^Nv^ \
Latin American debt:
a ticking bomb
While we are being deluged by reports on
every detail of the Bush-Dukakis race (does everyone know about the Quayle factor?), developments of great importance are taking place in
Latin America. Brazil has just enacted a new
constitution in the midst of economic and social
chaos. Chileans have given a resounding "NO" to
continued military rule. Argentina and Peru are
gripped by labour unrest and massive discontent.
And Mexico, just emerging from a presidential
election clouded by allegations of fraud, faces financial turmoil as a result of declining oil prices.
... instead of dead soldiers and
millions of wounded, children
die of malnutrition and millions are unemployed.
When we do hear about Latin America the
focus tends to be on the Central American conflict, particularly on American involvement in the
region. The Mulroney government's foreign policy focus on the bilateral relation with the United
States has pushed Canada-Latin America relations into the background. This is a worrisome
fact, considering that the economic problems
faced by the larger Latin American nations can
have great repercussions in Canada and in the
developed world. In light of this, it is in Canada's
best interest to play a more active and visible role
in Latin America, especially with regards to the
most potentially destructive problem of all: the
debt crisis.
The problem is enormous and the numbers
are mind-boggling. Mexico for example, owes its
creditors approximately 107 billion U.S. dollars.
To illustrate the size of this amount perform the
following equation. Multiply 60 seconds by 60
minutes to get the number of seconds in one hour
(3,600). Then multiply 3,600 seconds by 24 hours
(86,400) and then by 365 days to get a total of
62,694,000,000 seconds. Dividing the total debt
(107 billion) by the number of seconds gives us the
amount of 1.72 dollars for every second that has
gone by in the Christian calendar. If Mexico
started to pay at the same rate ($1.72/sec) the
debt would be paid off by approximately the year
3976 (not including interest payments).
The number game may seem silly but it
underscores a deadly serious point: the future
growth and stability of these countries is threatened unless there is a reassessment ofthe conditions currently placed on the debtor nations ofthe
Third World. The social costs of these conditions
are obscenely high. A debt war is being fought between the developed and developing worlds.
The only difference between the debt war
and conventional war is that instead of dead
soldiers and millions of wounded, children die of
malnutrition and millions are unemployed.
Lefs continue with the Mexican example.
Over the last seyen years, Mexico has made approximately 70 billion dollars in interest payments. This is equivalent to almost three quarters ofthe 107 billion owed. Yet after seven years
of behaving like a model debtor, what has Mexico
gained? Nothing except for new loans and renegotiations. The principal of the debt has not even
been touched. What has Mexico lost? For one
thing, it has lost 70 billion dollars in foreign
exchange reserves which could have been used to
fuel internal economic growth which would in
turn decrease unemployment and maintain the
purchasing power ofthe population. Mexico, like
other nations in the same position, has become an
exporter of capital. >
The result has been a decline in the standard
of living of the middle arid lower classes. The
majority, which was already poor to begin with,
faces absolute poverty. Governments (who must
share the blame for the debt crisis) are left without sufficient funds to maintain social programs
and to foster economic growth. Education, health
and food subsidy programs have been drastically
cut. This is a dangerous thing to do, considering
that these countries already face the built-in
problems of high population growth and unequal
distribution of income. In short, the consequences
are the same as those of any war: inflation, unemployment, hunger and desperation.
A new approach is needed in the handling of
the debt crisis. The confrontational mentality
must be replaced by a more equal dialogue between all the parties involved. The debtors must
commit themselves to their financial obligations
and to internal economic reforms as long as more
rational and humane formulas are implemented.
The creditor nations must realize that any new
formulas must allow those countries' economies
to grow. Diligent payment unaccompanied by economic growth is tantamount to political suicide
and social instability. If this continues, not only
will the debt not be paid, but also a social time-
bomb will explode. This explosion will profoundly
damage the international economic system. It is
in Canada's best interest to avoid radical and unexpected changes. It is a shame that recent initiatives on the problem have been taken by countries
such as France and not by Canada, traditional
international mediator and continental neighbor
to the most indebted nations ofthe Third World.
Julian Ventura
allows its secret police and the foreign armies supporting them to
rape, loot and kill, blaming the
atrocities on the MNR.
You'd think The Ubyssey
would point this out, right?
Recognizing the name of
Mary McAlister, the author ofthe
article, I went looking through my
back issues of your paper. It seems
Mary also made a visit to Mozambique, paid for by the government
of Mozambique ("Students help
Mozambique," September 9th,
1987, page 22).
McAlister, in the summer of
1987, was on a trip to Southern
Africa, when she accepted an invitation by the government of
Mozambique to visit Maputo, the
capital. She wasn't allowed out of
the city and was dependent on the
government to provide people to
shape her opinions on Mozambique.
When she returned to Canada, the article says, she founded
Students Support Mozambique, a
lobby group to provide "aid and
support to Mozambique."
"The (Mozambican) government sponsored us so we would go
back to Canadian campuses to
educate and mobilize people for
support," she said. "Hopefully,
what they get back will be a good
investment of their time and
Gosh. Could she be a little biased? Why did The Ubyssey assign
the Cockburn article to her and not
someone with a more neutral view
on the subject?
Give your readers credit,
Ubyssey. Print both sides of issues
like these and let us make up our
own minds.
R. Bruce Wiltshire
Arts 3
Socreds face
student wrath
Every now and then, The
Ubyssey feels compelled to trot out
the same old tired editorial to
remind everyone that the evil
Socred government is out to twist
the screws on students. Therefore,
I was not surprised to see the same
themes in "Socreds face student
wrath" (November 15th). As
usual, we were told about patient
students, Taad ol' McGeer', 'rising
burden on students', and so on.
Well, it's time to face the facts.
Firstly, Dr. McGeer has done more
for the scientific community- of
B.C. than any tree-hugging David
Suzuki or Ubyssey hack would
care to admit, and his legacy of
misrepresentation' is pure nonsense. We would be far better
served by another MLA like him
than by our current cigarette-toting NDP blowhard.
Secondly, your warnihg that
Bill and Company had best fork
• over endless dollars to the universities or "risk the wrath of another
pressure group clamoring for the
government's demise" is precisely
what is wrong with the continual
Ubyssey campaign.
Shriekers such as you are like
small birds in the nest, mouths
constantly open and always demanding more.
Believe it or not, there is another world outside Point Grey,
that just may have concerns of
their own. It doesn't take an economics degree to realize that there
is a limit to tax dollars.
For your information, although it is the kind of information
you like to ignore, funding to post-
secondary education has been
boosted by $19 million this year,
and student assistance has more
than doubled to $58 million.
As stated in your editorial,
students bear only 15 per cent of
their tuition costs. Eighty-five per
cent ofthe bill is footed by the taxpayer. It seems to me that this
division of costs is rather favorable
to the student.
No one is saying it's easy to
attend university, but choosing: a
post-secondary education is a per-
sonal investment in the future, not
a four-year, all-expense-paid holiday from life.
As far fetched as it may seem,
the writers of your editorials may
someday leave school and pursue
careers and yes, pay taxes. Then,
perhaps, they will sing a different
song about patient, under-funded
Paul Boardman
Vice President
UBC Social Credit Club
Do they
squirm going
The UBC Film Society is
showing one of the better movies of
the year, in a Fish Called Wanda.
However, the executive of the
Film Society is showing a rather
sick sense of humour in their
choice of promotional methods for
the film.
In their blind desire to be hip,
cool, and fun, the Film Society is
giving a discount for anyone that
will walk up to the SUB theatre at
a showing ofthe movie and swallow a dead fish. And, to really
entice the masses, free admission
is being offered to all who choose to
swallow a live fish.
Somewhere, someone's thinking has gone astray at the Film
Society, and the executive is to
blame for allowing this idea to
even "get out ofthe water."
The killing of a live animal is
at best a sad and sick event, but
when it is being done to promote
something as trivial as a movie,
then it becomes unforgiveable.
The Film Society needs to do
some serious re-thinking about
their promotional policies. As an
important student society on campus, a bit more maturity and
thought needs to be exercised by
the Film Society executive. The
killing of alive animal, even something as small as a fish, is not the
way to promote movies and have a
laugh over.
On the bright side, an additional discount is not offerred for
eating more than one live fish.
Lane Dunlop
CiTR Sports Director
Library stripper
gets rave
I just have a few comments
regarding the Arts 4 student's
letter to the editor, titled "Sedge
Stripper Not Appreciated," in the
November 15th issue of The Ubyssey.
The stripper that appeared in
the Sedgewick lounge on November 2nd, for somebody's birthday,
was a funny spectacle.
Why this student wrote that
"this indecent spectacle couldn't
or at least shouldn't be lawful" is
beyond me.
This spectacle was no more
indecent than that of the
Engineer's initiation rituals in the
fountain outside of Main Library.
The stripper was applauded by
his "long-haired onlookers," just
as the Engineers' victims of initiation are applauded by their onlookers whether they be short- or
long-haired. "A black day indeed
for the university"???
Give me a break.
Janice Cork
Arts 3
November 18,1988
THE UBYSSEY/15 In the spirit of Free trade a gracious reprint from the
world next door. "We want to build bridges to the
North," said Mark - UW Daily Editor...
We at The Ubyssey have the ideal plan, a real good
trade - Seattle for Toronto ... whadya say, eh!
NOVEMBER 10. 1988
With the 1988 election victory of George Herbert Walker Bush and the de facto continuation of the Reagan
Era until 1992, more and more right-thinking and politically correct Americans are beginning to see
Canada as a potential new homeland rather than a mere vacation stop. Faced with four more years of sleaze
factors, Central American wars, MX missiles and Iran-Contra "plausible deniability," the many wonders of the
Great White North all of a sudden seem all the more wonderful. And, our northern neighbors are already
rolling out their red carpet in expectation of the Great Exodus from Down South. If it's clean air, open spaces,
and a kinda-free, kinda-hey, kinda-Canada, kinda-Wow! attitude you seek, the Land of the Maple Leaf may be
your answer. Remember, it's only about 150 miles from Seattle to the Canadian border. Canada, ahoy!
Canada—consider the
• Savory maple syrup
• Parliamentary Democracy
• No empire
• Strong gun controls
• Beer with high alcohol content
• Land mass contains the magnetic north pole
• Pretty Money
• Money changes with every new British
• No George Bush
"I saw a great and wonderful country; a land containing in its
soil everything that a man desires; a proper land, fit for
proper men to live in and to prosper exceedingly."
—Field-Marshal Lord Montgomery
sing valiantly with expression
O Canada! Our home and native land!
True patriot-love in all thy sons command.
With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free;
And stand on guard, O Canada,
We stand on guard for thee.
O Canada! Glorious and free!
We stand on guard. We stand on guard for
O Canada! We stand on guard for thee.
November 18,1988


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