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The Ubyssey Oct 26, 1982

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Vol. LXV, No. 13
Vancouver, B.C. Tuesday, October 26,1982
U.S. to cruise into Canada
It has been called a terrain-hugging
weapon. It flies over mountains, and through
valleys, at an altitude of about 90 feet. It is
small, about 20 feet long, and can be stored
in a Safeway truck, a barn or even your own
backyard. Kept on course by a Canadian-
made electronic guidance system, it has a 50
per cent chance of hitting within 100 yards of
its target.
This deadly weapon is the cruise missile,
probably the most accurate missile the
United States has, according to one peace activist. The U.S. plans to test it in Canada
sometime in the near future, and to deploy it
in Europe in 1984.
Because the cruise missile flies so close to
the ground, radar cannot detect it. Its size
enables it to be hidden from view and makes
surveillance by orbiting satellites impossible.
"The cruise missile cannot be monitored
by the opposing side. They can't verify it
because they can't see it," says Dianne
DeMille, End the Arms Race committee
treasurer. "This makes arms control treaties
very difficult. To negotiate a treaty, each
side's weapons must be counted up and
categorized. You cannot do this with cruise
Nuciear weapons are divided into two
categories — strategic, (long range) and tactical (medium and short range.) The latter
are to be deployed in Europe. Judging from
the outside, there is no way of telling whether
the cruise missile is long, short or medium
range, DeMille says.
If the Americans deploy cruise missiles, the
Soviets will follow suit, she says, adding that
once both superpowers have this lethal
weapon, agreement on verification and arms
control treaties will be almost impossible.
"The cruise missile is built to fight a
nuclear war. Its undetectability once launched and its accuracy makes nuclear war much
more probable."
Peter Prongos, Canadians Against the
Cruise spokesperson, agrees the cruise missile
is a first-strike weapon. He cites its explosive
power (it can carry a 20 kiloton warhead),
which is 15 times more powerful than the
Hiroshima bomb) and its high accuracy are
the reasons it is classified as an offensive
Its main function is to destroy Soviet
strategic missiles in their silos, he says.
"There's no use having the cruise missile if
there are no missiles to aim at. Its first strike
potential means a permanently unstable arms
race once the cruise missile is deployed."
The Reagan administration has said the
cruise missile can't be used as a first-strike
weapon because it moves slowly. The Russians have no reason to believe this, and are
likely to view it as such regardless of what the
Americans say, says Andrew Spence, a
member of the B.C. chapter of Science for
"Part of the danger is that it may force the
Russians into a launch-on-warning posture,"
Spence says. "The cruise missile makes you
susceptible to malfunction or warning
U.S. president Ronald Reagan has promoted officials in the national security
department who believe nuclear war is sur-
vivable and winnable. "The cruise missile is
giving Reagan, and his cohorts first-strike
potential, and as long as the U.S. has that
kind of weapon and pursue that kind of aggressive policy, it's very dangerous," says
mm mm
Currently the U.S. is finalizing an agreement with Canada permitting the U.S. to test
its cruise missiles at the Primrose Lake
weapons range near Cold Lake in northeastern Alberta. The negotiations over
testing unarmed missiles have gone for six
months; the U.S. is waiting for final approval
from the Canadian government.
The proposed site was chosen because the
terrain and climate in the Cold Lake area are
comparable to conditions in the Soviet
The agreement is part of an umbrella deal
which would allow the testing and evaluating
of U.S. weapons systems and could extend
beyond testing air and ground launched
cruise missiles. The umbrella deal contains
a Toronto-based company which Direct Action bombed Oct. 14, has $1.2 billion in contracts to produce the cruise missiles' guidance
"The general deal is that in exchange for
financing plants up here, the U.S. is allowed
to test on Canadian soil," says DeMille.
"There's some kind of backroom trade-off
going on. It only benefits a few companies
not the economy as a whole because these investments are not labor intensive."
Pauline Jewett (NDP-New Westminister),
one of the six MPs who signed the minority
report on security and disarmament demanding a prohibition on cruise missile tests in
Canada, says she suspects the Canadian
government    is    negotiating    an   extensive
"The decision to test
the cruise missile on
Canadian soil is contrary
to the stated aims of the
Canadian government
in playing a non-nuclear
role in the international arena/'
economic   benefits   for   Canada   —   the
Trudeau government may get a better finan
cial deal on F-18A fighter planes.
U.S. congressional sources in Washington
D.C. have indicated a connection between
the tests and a U.S. decision to allow Canada
to forgo a $70 million payment in F-18A
fighter plane research and development. The
Canadian armed forces are buying 138 F-18A
from a U.S. aircraft company, McDonnell
Douglas. Washington has relaxed some of
the development costs Ottawa would have to
In addition, Litton Systems Canada Ltd.,
weapons deal, much greater than what is
publicly known, but says she is only guessing.
"If Canada allows the testing, she will
become more of a powder monkey than a
peacemaker. The testing will do the opposite
of suffociating the arms race, it will enhance
it," she adds.
The umbrella deal is to be signed before
the end of the year, and the proposed tests
are planned to begin in early 1984. In the
meantime, peace organizations have embarked on an information and education campaign to alert the public to the cruise missile's
dangers. They are encouraging Canadians to
write to their MPs voicing their opposition
and thus putting pressure on the government.
DeMille says a handful of letters sent to
one MP makes it "the issue of the day" in
parliament. She says people should exercise
their democratic rights and scrutinize the
government's actions.
Canadians Against the Cruise have written
to all B.C. MPs asking for their position on
the testing. Their major objective is to stop
the government from signing the U.S. agreement, and although this may be impossible at
this point in the negotiations, Prongos admits, it is hoped enough people will be aware
of the issues so that the government will not
be able to do something like this again.
And in the Cold Lake area itself, a peace
camp is being set up as close as possible to the
in-flight testing site. It will be run on
volunteer contributions and is supported by
peace groups across Canada. It also has the
support of native Indian groups on whose
land the testing will take place. The peace
camp is going to be declared a nuclear
weapon free zone.
A group of Greenpeace volunteers are
travelling to the site at the moment, says
Greenpeace president Patrick Moore. Peace
activists have already met with the local community in Cold Lake.
"There will be a core group of 12 at the
peace camp which will be used as a base and
from which a direct action campaign will be
carried out," Moore says, adding that direct
action means non-violent confrontation "of
some kind" to focus the public's attention.
A peace camp is a physical presence near
the site of a military facility. The idea was
pioneered in Britain, where people enlisted to
camp on a permanent rotating basis. The
Cold Lake peace camp committee has contacted British camp organizers for advice and
Peace camps are being established at planned deployment sites in Germany, the
Netherlands, Belgium and Italy. The ones in
Europe will serve as useful models, Moore
The Cold Lake committee sent a letter to
Colonel Sutherland of the Cold Lake armed
forces base informing him of their actions. It
indicated they "are not attempting to
dismantle the military establishment, but only to halt this life-threatening force which
pushes us to the brink of extinction.
"The decision to test the cruise missile on
Canadian soil is contrary to the stated aims
of the Canadian government in playing a
non-nuclear role in the international arena. It
is also contradictory to the four point suffocation strategy put forth by prime minister
Trudeau in his address to the United Nations
in its Special Session on Disarmament in 1978
and again in 1982. A cornerstone of this
strategy is 'a halt to the flight-testing of all
new strategic delivery vehicles.' The testing is
strictly a part of the U.S. strategic arsenal
and does not constitute Canada's obligations
to NATO," it reads.
In Toronto, the Cruise Missile Conversion
Project has organized demonstrations, vigils
and civil disobedience against Litton
Systems. The civil disobedience has included
climbing over fences and sitting down in
front of Litton's gates as demonstrators indicate their opposition to the testing and their
willingness to be arrested in an effort to stop
See page 2: DIRECT
Ttl-Sirltf-**   Hiroshima • Physician
^"'■^^■^**/ *        survivor talks speaks out
Nuclear fuel?
Canada Candu Page 2
Tuesday, October 26, 1982
Direct actions
cost more than
Litton damage
From page 1
The CMCP aims to change " Litton's production to socially useful
production," reads one leaflet.
Last weekend the CMCP
organized a demonstration which
had a disappointing turnout, says
Prongos. "Only 2,000 to 3,000 people showed up. They think it was
the bombing."
Direct Action's bombing of Litton Systems, which resulted in $5
million in damage, is drawing mixed
reactions from peace activists.
"Personally, I think it was a
mistake. It hurt people and was ineffective. As one Toronto organizer
said, it was politically a bad move,"
says DeMille.
Moore agrees it was unfortunate
and detracted from the peace movement, but says the bombing
generated attention and was successful in promoting a wider public
awareness of the issue.
"The scale of real terrorism that
could be unleashed by the cruise
missile is a million times worse than
the bombing of Litton," says Prongos. "I can't see any comparison
between Direct Action's activities
and what Litton is doing. The cruise
missile has the potential to kill hundreds of millions. The sabotage by
Direct Action pales into insignificance in comparison.
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Page 3
One survivor's account
Sixteen year old Kinoku Laskey
was working in a Hiroshima
hospital on the morning the
Americans dropped the atomic
bomb. The city was quiet after the
previous day's air attacks and
Kinoku kept working when she
heard the familiar wail of the air
raid sirens. When the bomb exploded, the blast was so loud that
Kinoku heard nothing.
"I was sterilizing all the equipment when suddenly I was surrounded by brilliant orange light. It
was so bright. I saw nothing but
orange all over. I thought a bomb
had dropped just outside the window so I went under the counter,
but I was blown away," she says
during an interview.
When the pressure lifted Kinoku
slowly raised her head to see what
had happened. "Everything was
black and dark and quiet. I couldn't
see anything. I couldn't hear
anything. Suddenly I heard a crash
and something flattened me to the
floor. I put my hands onto my face
and knew I had a deep cut because I
felt my cheekbone."
Kinoku realized the blast had
thrown her into the hallway and she
crawled to the front of the
hospital. I saw many people hurt
and bloody, and dying or dead.
People were coming toward the
hospital. Nothing else was standing.
They were black, with no clothes,
no hair, no shoes. Their skin was
hanging in strips from their chins
and their arms."
Kinoku groped her way to the
washroom to see how badly she had
felt tired and weak, and passed out
in the spray, surrounded by orange
fire. Later, she awoke to find that
everything had become black and
lost consciousness again.
"I woke up in the same place. I
don't know how long I'd been
there. Maybe three days. I saw
many dead bodies. It was very
quiet, and the sky was blue," says
She crawled the seven yards back
to the hospital, where a doctor picked her up and carried her to
surgery. "They decided to sew me
up. They took all the glass pieces
out without anesthetic. The pain
was so awful 1 asked them to kill
me. Just to leave me alone," she
"After that, they took a door off
the hinges and laid me down in the
hallway. The door see-sawed
everytime somebody stepped on the
edge. I passed out many times. I
kept waiting for my mother or my
father to call my name."
Kinoku's family had moved to a
village outside Hiroshima before
the bombing. Days were spent
searching for Kinoku and her father
in the area where their house had
been. After two weeks of waiting
alone in the hospital, Kinoku decided to try to return to her family.
"I thought I could make it if I
wanted to so I started crawling
toward the Hiroshima train station.
I crawled over dead people and I
saw tufts of hair and skin from corpses. When I got to the train station, it was damaged and I was told
I would have to go to the next station. So I crawled there.
"I am not angry any
more. Fm still living,
so I can tell people
how terrible nuclear
war is. I don't want
pity. It's too late
for that."
been injured, but she could not
open her eyes to look in the mirror.
"I couldn't see. I had to open my
eyes with my fingers. I couldn't
believe it was me. I had hundreds
and hundreds of glass pieces stuck
out of my head like a pin cushion."
She left the room, stepping over
blackened bodies on the floor. "I
went to the back of the hospital
because it had a big pool.
Everybody was jumping in the pq.ol
because there were fires starting
everywhere at once. There were
people on top of each other and the
bottom people were drowning.
"I had to force someone's head
down to splash water on myself.
Everything was so hot. My hair was
crackling and my clothes were
almost in flames."
She stumbled back io the from of
the hospital, where a broken pipe
sprayed water into the street.  She
"I don't know how many days I
was crawling. When I got there, I
tugged on the pant legs of a man
who was leaving and begged him to
please take me home to my mother.
He did. He picked me up and put
me on the train and took me home
to my family."
There were no doctors or nurses
in Kinoku's village. Her mother and
sister nursed her for months with
only spring water for medicine.
Kinoku was unable to talk about
what had happened. Years passed,
marred by recurring bouts of
radiation sickness and six plastic
surgery operations.
Thirty-six years later, Kinoku has
decided to speak about the day the
Americans dropped the atomic
bomb. "1 don't want to talk about
it. 1 don't warn to think about it.
But 1 have to tell you about it because  1  care,"  she >ays.  "I  care
about young people and everybody's future. That's why I decided
to speak out.
"I am not angry anymore. I'm
still living, so I can tell people how
terrible nuclear war is. I don't want
pity. It's too late for that.
"Today we have more than
enough nuclear weapons to destroy
the entire world. If more people
don't understand, then we will have
Hiroshimas all over the world."
Kinoku's voice wavers and she
looks out her balcony window to
the mountains in the distance.
The evening is as peaceful as the
Hiroshima morning of August 6,
"I've decided to speak out for
our survivors rights and your
peace," she says slowly. "This is
the time to get up and do
something. It's people who matter.
We have to stop and think. We
have to think about this world,
here, now. The horrors of nuclear
war must be realized."
Dry, scientific tone mars book
"In the farmhouse where I
stayed, I was thrown in among all
the adults. I would just sit on a
straw mat and cry to myself. It
was not a life I cared for . . .
Gradually I became quite gloomy,
a cold-hearted person who rarely
laughed. The sunsets in the country were beautiful. Everything was
so fresh. Looking at such beauty
made me cry. I was starved for affection.
"Death. I could think of
nothing but death."
—Testimony of a sixth grade
orphan, six years after exposure
to the A-bomb
It is testimonies like this, of the
Hiroshima and Nagasaki survivors, that have the greatest impact. But the authors of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki: The
Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings
have largely neglected such accounts in favor of more scientific
Hiroshima   and   Nagasaki:   the
Physical, Medical, and Social Effects of the Atomic Bombings
By the Committee for the compilation of materials on Damage
Cause    by    Atomic    Bombs   in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Translated by Eisei Ishikawa and
David L. Swain
Basic Books
706 pages, $21.95
In 1945, air raids were nothing
new to the people of Japan. Air
raid alerts were routine, and in
Hiroshima, only a few people may
have realized the significance of a
United States army weather observation plane tha: flew over the city
in the early morning of Aug. 6,
As the authors state, there-
seemed little cause for alarm that
day because the plane quickly
turned back. Aboard the plane,
however, a fateful message was
transmitted to an awaiting
bomber, the Enola Gay: "fair
weather, ready for air raid."
An hour later, by 8:15 a.m. according to best estimates, the first
of two A-Bombs ever dropped on
a civilian population had
detonated over Hiroshima. Three
days later, the same fate struck
The book's account of the bombing and life in Nagasaki and
Hiroshima before August 1945 is
sketchy and brief. Instead, the
authors have chosen to compile
of such technology, then it is
necessary that their findings be accessible to most readers.
As the book stands, it is often
frustrating because one can only
begin to decipher the significance
of scientific notations and
logarithms as the authors offer
statistic after statistic.
There is a reason for the book's
dry tone — and one which explains its critical flaw. While the
comentary offered in the preface
and foreword is good, the individual chapters and sections fail
to envelope a distinctively human
tone. What one reads are chapters
like Late Phase of Acute Stage —
I'i.<:..<i :L.  I/.v;::. /:..
While some of the
commentary is good,
individual chapters
fail to envelope a
distinctly human tone.
scientific data and document
studies on A-bombs effects. The
effort is an impressive undertaking but the result is often just boring.
It may seem callous to cali an
earnest book on Hiroshima boring, but that is not to question the
authors' findings. Rather, it is to
question the methodology and
style. If their purpose is, as stated
in the forward, to prevent a
buildup of nuclear weapons by
demonstrating the destructiveness
Pathology of State III, or the
Clinical Course of Keloids, that
often just seem like abstracts of
larger works intended for medical
The major section headings —
Physical Aspects of Destruction,
Injury to the Human Body. The
Impact on Society and Daily Life,
and Toward the Abolition of
Nuclear Arms — are promising,
but one comes away with the sket-
See page 8: SURVIVORS Page 4
Tuesday, October 26, 1982
Disarm athletes
Bring on the gladiators. They who are about to die
salute you. Hear the groans of pain. Watch the teeth
fly. One's down now. The thumb goes down and
another young man won't get up again. Yes, folks, it's
hockey night in Canada.
It's not just professional athletes that don't play nice
anymore. Our own collegiate players haven't been
behaving like young scholars and gentlemen meeting
on the field of honor. But the pros set the trends, and
the spectators pay the pros.
Why are people paying to see people get hurt? In
Europe spectators pay to hurt each other. Wars have
been declared over soccer matches. Is the world so
empty of things to care about that people have to die
for a black and white ball?
Has the world become so huge, so inexplicable, that
men, who used to be able to put on their green
fatigues as substitutes for white hats, and kill and be
killed fighting evil, can no longer figure out who is
wearing the black hats? Maybe sitting by and
moronically cheering on as some poor jerk coughs up
some more dental work is preferable to that awful,
confused impotence — not knowing who is evil.
While we disarm everyone else with sweet reason
this week, let's disarm the athletes. Tell them we don't
want to play.
Deploy action
After a decade of hibernation, the disarmament movement has re-
emerged. People from all over the world are realizing we do not have to exist as puppets in the hands of our governments. We realize we have to take
responsibility for changing the direction of the arms race. We can no
longer afford to let greedy old men control our futures.
People are protesting the threat of nuclear annihilation in different ways.
Some believe disarmament will be brought about by writing to government
representatives, debating the issue, and participating in rallies and marches. But U.S. president Ronald Reagan is unmoved by these methods of
protest. In his address to the United Nations Special Session on Disarmament in June of this year, Ronald Reagan ignored the largest demonstration in U.S. history. He is not concerned with the views of the people he
supposedly represents.-
Other people believe Direct Action is the only way to stop the construction and deployment of nuclear weapons. They say we do not have time to
wait for governments to change their attitude toward war and must act
Although some people in the peace movement find Direct Action unacceptable, they are not a sensless terrorist group. The recent Litton bombing generated media attention and showed that people are frustrated and
angry by the Canadian government's support for and participation in the
arms race.
Canada has a golden opportunity to take a stand against Ronald
Reagan's obsession with expensive and deadly toys. By allowing the
Cruise missile to be tested in Canadian soil, Canada is making a major contribution to the escalation of the arms race.
The Cruise is a first strike weapon built to initiate a nuclear war. If the
Cruise missile is tested, the already ridiculous concept of mutual deterence
will be completely obsolete.
Canadians must voice their opposition to the hypocritical Trudeau
government. But sometimes voices are not enough. One of the most effective ways to show disapproval of government policies is through nonviolent confrontation. Civil disobedience indicates to the authorities people
are willing to risk jail sentences and fines to illustrate their commitment to
peace and disarmament.
UBC students should not sit back and watch other people defend their
rights. Although students are bogged down by mid terms and essays, they
should use the opportunity of Disarmament Week to learn about disarmament issues. The escalation of the arms race is no longer something we
can ignore.
Are we going to allow Trudeau to give the U.S. permission to test the
Cruise missile in Canada? Are we going to support Ronald Reagan's
wasteful military spending and life-threatening actions? Are we going to remain silent until nuclear war becomes inevitable?
It's our decision.
Whatever happened to six day wars?
I am writing this letter to add
some dates to last week's history
lesson given by Cary Rodin, detail
and defend some comments 1 made
in a previous letter, and perhaps
add some food for thought.
The Balfour Declaration of 1917
did indeed commit Britain to provide a Jewish homeland. The Declaration, though, was drafted in
Britain by the British, who were
strongly influenced by Chaim Weiz-
man, a fervent Zionist. From then
until 1939, there was conflict between the Arabs of Palestine and
the many unwanted Jewish immigrants.
In 1939 the British issued the
white paper which attempted to
stop Jewish immigration and create
a Palestine with an Arab majority.
The Jews would not tolerate the
white paper and so they turned to illegal immigration and, after W.W.
II, to terrorist activities (one group,
the IZL, was led by Menachem Begin).
In 1947 the UN, in complete opposition to the wishes of the Palestinians and Arab countries, made a
Jewish and an Arab state in Palestine. Later that year the British left
and all hell broke loose. From then
on the Israelis won the wars, the
Arabs lost, and the Palestinians be-
■ came refugees.
My letter was criticized for stating that the PLO protect Palestinians, the Palestinians were kicked
out of their country, and the Israelis
were using Nazi techniques.
I still believe that the PLO protect Palestinians. Look at what happened in Sabra? and Shatila? when
the PLO left. The terrorist activities
obviously overshadow the fact that
the Palestinians also have to defend
themselves. The Jews are fine ones
to   condemn   terrorism   anyway.
Shake 'n bake in the shelter
We all know the purpose of
bomb shelters. They are to protect
people from the effects of bombs.
Nuclear bomb shelters intend protection from a specific set of dangers which include heat, blast effects and radiation fallout.
The heat produced by a small
nuclear bomb is that of the sun exploding in a split second over a
small area. This means that anything flammable within a large
radius area around ground zero
would burst into flame. People are
Letters should be triple-spaced,
typed on a 70-space line, as brief as
possible and addressed to The
Ubyssey editorial collective. There
is no editor and "dear sir" is not
appreciated, especially since the
person currently responsible for the
letters page is a woman.
Please bring I.D. when you bring
your letter to the office, SUB 241k.
flammable. They are also 97 per
cent water. People don't just burst
into flame at the centre of the blast
area they are vaporized. Turned into steam! A bomb shelter can't protect a person from this intense heat.
Rather it would act like an oven, a
crematorium. People in a bomb
shelter close to the centre of the
blast would be roasted.
A bomb shelter should protect
people from blast effects of the explosion. If a shelter is constructed
properly and placed underground it
would protect people from the
shock waves of the movement of
huge volumes of air. If, as in Canada, buildings such as high-rises are
designated as bomb shelters, there
would be no protection from blast
effects. Buildings would topple,
crushing those inside and those
Fallout is produced by the crushing of buildings and rocks at
ground zero into small radioactive
particles. These rise up into the air
producing the thick mushroom
cloud we are all familiar with.
Deadly fallout would cover a large
area, determined by the direction of
the wind and other unpredictable
Bomb shelters also create hazards
for the people they are meant to
protect. During the second world
war in the bombing of Dresden, the
people who made it to the bomb
shelters all died. They were asphyxiated. The oxygen was sucked from
the shelters to feed the huge fires.
So why are two members of Students for Peace and Mutual Disarmament holding vigil in a bomb
shelter during Disarmament Week?
So that we can make you aware of
the futility of bomb shelters and
other "civil defence" measures.
The only way to survive is to disarm, to avoid a nuclear war. Krushchev said: "In the event of a nuclear
war, the living will envy the dead."
Jan Regan
bomb shelter volunteer
They participated in many of these
activities themselves against the
British, including the murder of
Count Bernadotte, a UN negotiator, who was considered unsympathetic.
As for my second statement, I
must modify it. The Palestinians
were not kicked out of their country. They usually left on their own
to get out of war zones, and weren't
permitted back by the victors.
Glassman, I have read my history
books. Let me tell you about Nazi
techniques in one particular case. In
eastern Europe the Germans placed
the Jews in camps, work camps,
and ghettos. One of these was the
Wilno ghetto. When the Germans
decided to kill the Jews in the Wilno
ghetto they sent in troops, after the
FPO were permitted to escape, and
massacred those who were left. The
Germans often used troops of other
nationalities to clean up ghettos, in
this   case   Lithuanians,   Estonians
and Ukrainians (there were no
Phalangists then). The FPO (Polish
for United Partisans Organization)
was a Jewish defence group.
There are a few comments that I
would like to add to my first letter.
As a firm believer in the western democracies, the actions of Israel
worry me. Israel cannot survive
without help from the Western
world. The Western world is very
dependent on Middle East oil.
Israel is the major force of instability in the Middle East. By refusing
peace, Israel is threatening a world
(our world) that she cannot do without.
I agree, the Jewish race has suffered incredibly. They cannot help
but remember the persecutions. The
plan for a Jewish homeland is not
really wrong except when a blind
drive based on events from the past
threatens the future.
Rod MacRae
agriculture 3
October 22, 1982
The Ubyssey is published every Tuesday and Friday
through the university year by the Alma Mater Society
of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of
the staff and are not necessarily those of the AMS or the
university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in SUB 241k, with
the advertising office next door.
"A special disarmament issue isn't enough, shouted long-time Ubyssey radical Shaffin Shariff as Craig
Brooks, Kelley Joe Burke and Arnold Hedstrom put the finishing touches on today's issue. Muriel
Draaisma, Sarah Cox and Emilie Smith looked up in surprise from what they thought was a pretty
revolutionary editorial. Robby Robertson and Victor Wong sat in a corner drawing pictures of exploding factories and power plants. Doug Schmidt and Brian Jones packed up their dynamite and
prepared to leave for Toronto. "Wait for us," hollered Robert Beynon and Rick Katz while Peter Berlin '
mumbled something about lack of respect for the democratic process. "Let's hit the fuckers on parliament hill," added Harry Hertscheg, Philip Kueber and Pat MacLeod after Jane Bartlett quickly scrawled another communique. "I'll need color film for this one?' said photog Alison Hoens. Julie Wheelright
went too, because she missed Ottawa, but still wanted to see it burn. Tuesday, October 26,1982
Page 5
Deadly chemicals
Another arms race
The dates Aug. 6 and Aug. 9, 1945 are
known as days of great historical importance
— the days the first atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
April 22, 1915 is a date that is similarly
historically significant, yet it remains unknown, unrecognized and forgotten.
A Higher Form of Killing:
The Secret Story of Gas and
Germ Warfare
by Robert Harris and
Jeremy Paxman
Chatto and Windus
241 pages
On that warm spring day, on a World War
I battlefield near Ypres, France thousands of
French and Algerian soldiers were the first to
witness what would become a common sight
during WWI battles — a greenish-yellow
cloud rising out of the other side of No
Man's Land and moving toward them along
the ground. The cloud was chlorine gas. The
"chemical age" had begun, and in its first
trial it killed 5,000 men and wounded 10,000.
The vivid description of this horrific event
is literally and figuratively just the*beginning
of authors Robert Harris' and Jeremy Pax-
man's A Higher Form of Killing. In their
chronological analysis of the research and
development of chemical and biological
weapons, Harris and Paxman reveal a terrible, unknown aspect of the arms race.
The term "arms race" is usually, if not
always, associated with nuclear weapons. But
they are not alone in their ability to wreak
mass death and destruction, for the present
gas and germ weapons stocked by the world's
armies have characteristics that rival nukes as
purveyors of death.
In many ways, Harris and Paxman point
out, gas and germ weapons are even more
controversial than nuclear weapons, as is
evidenced by extensive government secrecy
and coverups. For example, the official
British report on the April 22, 1915 "battle"
near Ypres was classified as "secret" for
almost 60 years.
Harris and Paxman waste no time in introducing the reader to what hundreds of
thousands of soldiers on both sides in WWI
experienced — being attacked by chlorine,
phosgene, or mustard gas, frothing at the
mouth, spitting up yellow fluid, coughing until lungs rupture, and eventually dying an
agonizing death. The authors present
statistics on the amount of gas used, where
and when it was used, and the casualties that
resulted. "At least 1.3 million men had been
wounded by gas; 91,000 of them had died.
An estimated 113,000 tons of chemicals had
been used."
After WWI, research and development of
gas weapons continued. By the mid '30s
chemical weapons were being produced by
France, the United States, the Soviet Union,
Britain, Germany and Italy.
By the time WWII broke out, the Nazis
had developed the ultimate, most terrifying
weapon — nerve gas. "The so-called nerve
gases were as great an advance over the
chemical weapons of the First World War as
the machine gun was over the musket," write
Harris and Paxman. Nerve gas is colorless,
odorless, and does not have to be inhaled in
order to have an effect. A single drop on the
skin is enough to kill a man in minutes or
even seconds. It operates by "sending all the
muslces of the body into contraction. The
body thus poisons itself, as it loses control of
all its functions."
A Higher Form of Killing contains many
other interesting pieces of information that
aren't obtainable in the daily newspapers.
Harris and Paxman's highest achievement is
to convincingly dispell the notion that
Western governments are in any way "good
guys" always reacting to the evil designs of
"fascists" or "communists."
They chronicle, for example, Britain's
development of germ weapons in the '40s,
particularly its production of 500,000 "anthrax bombs." Of special interest is Sir
Winston Churchill's almost fanatical obses-
sion with chemical and biological weapons,
and his (unfulfilled) determination to use
them before the end of the war. Britain, in
fact, was the first mass-manufacturer of
biological weapons.
The U.S. government shielded Japanese
scientists from prosecution for war crimes in
exchange for information on the gas and
germ weapon experiments they performed on
human guinea pigs (usually prisoners of war).
The Soviets loudly denounced the U.S., while
at the same time stockpiling its own collection of germ weapons.
Harris and Paxman also chronicle little-
known experiments done by the American
military in the '50s and '60s, in which
military and civilian targets (i.e. cities) were
"attacked with imitation biological
weapons" to see if germ attacks on such
targets were feasible.
"In 1953, after further tests spraying supposedly harmless chemicals and bacteria off
the United States coast, the (American)
Chemical Corps travelled north to spray the
Canadian city of Winnipeg. City officials
.  . life is a gas
were told that 'an invisible smokescreen' was
being laid over the city." The tests were done
in extreme secrecy, and even now the U.S.
government will still not admit to their real purpose.
A Higher Form of Killing successfully ties
together an aspect of arms production that is
too often overlooked or ignored — the roles
private industry and universities have played
and continue to play in the development of
weapons. In the case of chemical and
biological weapons, Harris and Paxman ex-
tablish the link between industry's capital
and technology, and the universities' scientific expertise.
"By the middle '60s there was hardly one
of the more distinguished American universities (and many undistinguished ones too)
which was not carrying out research into
chemical or biological warfare."
Except for temporary lapses, the drive to
acquire gas and germ weapons continues
unabated. As Harris and Paxman state in
their epologue, "In the field of chemical and
biological warfare once a thing has been
shown to be possible, it has generally been
Peaceful assassin attacks to preserve lives
Like an assassin, Helen Caldicott goes
straight for the heart. But unlike a killer she
uses no weapon other than her voice. Unlike
one who destroys life, she is desperately trying to save it.
Helen Caldicott is one of the most famous
leaders of the peace movement. She heads the
Physicians for Social Responsibility, a group
of doctors, medical workers and students
who oppose the nuclear arms race.
Caldicott became aware of the nuclear
peril after reading Neville Shute's On the
Beach, a novel about the aftermath of a nuclear war. She was then a young woman living
in Australia, planning to become a doctor.
Caldicott became a pediatrician and for
many years worked with children suffering
from cystic fibrosis. But although Shute's
horror story outraged her, she remained politically inactive until she discovered that
above ground nuclear testing was being carried out in the Pacific.
She needed no further motivation. "When
in 1971, I discovered that France had been
conducting atmospheric tests over its small
colony of Mururoa since 1966, contravening
the treaty (the 1962 International Atmospheric Test Ban Treaty, signed by the
U.S.A. the USSR and Great Britain.), I became indignant. I knew that when an atomic
bomb explodes near the earth's surface, the
mushroom cloud that billows into the sky
carries particles of radioactive dust. Blown
from west to east by stratospheric winds,
these particles descend to the earth in rainfall
and work their way through soil and water into the food chain, eventually posing a serious
threat to human life."
Caldicott decided to educate the Australian public about the dangers of the testing.
Her campaign worked and the Australian
government took the French government to
World Court.
In 1975 she moved to the United States "to
take the bull by the horns." She settled in
Boston where she began to work and teach at
the Children's Hospital and at the Harvard
medical school.
Three years later she revived the dormant
Physicians for Social Responsibility, an anti-
nuclear group that had been active in the
peace movement in the early '60s. She then
began to wake a lethargic American public to
the 'nuclear madness.'
Caldicott travels extensively speaking at
meetings, rallies, churches and schools. She
CALDICOTT. . . naturally nuturing
spoke at the largest anti-nuclear demonstration in the United States, the June 12 rally in
New York City. She went to the Soviet Union
with a group of other prominent peace activists, including the Rev. William Sloane, the
man who spoke with the American hostages
while they were being held in the embassy in
Teheran. She has received much media atten
tion, and two films were made about her,
Eight Minutes to Midnight, A Portrait of
Helen Caldicott, made by American filmmaker Mary Benjamin, and If You Love This
Planet, produced by the National Film
Board. She is the author of the book Nuclear
Madness: What You Can Do.
Those who have seen Caldicott have become used to her tactics. Her most famous
standby is 'the baby speech,' which she recently used in Seattle.
"I want to say that there aren't any communist babies or any capitalist babies — a
baby is a baby is a baby."
One of Caldicott's suggestions for influencing the Reagan administration was to release on Mother's Day, thousands of naked
toddlers onto the Senate floor. Then there is
her 'Lysistrada Plan': the idea that women en
masse would decide to have no more babies
until the world was safe for them to group up
in. Although she is a mother, Caldicott says
she'd think again before having children.
Caldicott believes it is women who are going to change the direction of the world.
"There's a tremendous untapped majority
out there — women. We have a highly developed nurturing instinct. I think if we get
moving we can save the earth, but we haven't
got much time. The trouble is that the world
is run by old men, some women, but mostly
old men. And they're stuck in old modes of
Caldicott speaks as a physician as well as a
mother and woman. She describes the medical consequences of a nuclear holocaust.
There would be no way, she says, for her profession to provide any help. Most of the hospitals would be destroyed, and most of the
doctors killed. There are not enough burn patient beds in all the U.S.A. for even the victims of one American city.
"We are living on borrowed time," Caldicott says. "We're talking about the death of
the planet. How it is that it hasn't happened
yet, I don't know. The computers in the Pentagon keep making mistakes: 151 errors in a
15-month period. The most serious was when
someone plugged a war-games tape into the
fail-safe computer, and it made a mistake —
saw missiles coming from Russia. Three
squadrons of planes took off with nuclear
weapons heading toward the Soviet Union."
Despite some criticism, Caldicott gets her
job done. At a normally boring meeting or
rally she motivates any undecided people to
immediate action.
"Give me fifteen minutes," she once told a
questioning reporter, "and I'll have you in
tears." Though her vision of babies and women taking over the earth is perhaps naive,
she isn't lacking in sincerity.
"We are the curators of life on earth, standing at a crossroads in time. We must awake
from our false sense of security and commit
ourselves to using democracy constructively
to save the human species," she says.
"Each of us must accept total responsibility for the earth's survival. Ultimately, the
future rests upon our commitment as individuals, as parents, providing a healthy and
secure future for their children; as students,
unwilling to accept a future of sickness and
war; as citizens, believing that it is the people
who should hold the balance of power in a
democracy; as taxpayers, exhausted by an insane arms race and opposed to the waste of
the earth's resources; as workers, servants,
environmentalists, industrialists, rich and
poor, black and white, red and yellow, men
and women.
"In the face of nuclear technology, concern for human survival surpasses all social,
political and economic divisions. All of us —
regardless of class, creed, or political affiliation — want the human race to survive. As
members of the same species, we must work
in harmony toward our common goal." Page 6
Tuesday, 0
Civil defence: The fa
The truth about civil defence will not be
known until after the atomic bombs have
been dropped. Contrary to U.S. president
Ronald Reagan's statement that a nuclear
war can be limited and survivable, and that
civil defence is possible, there may be no one
Eleven Steps to Survival is an updated version of that advice. It is the most widely read
government publication in Canada. In 11
easy steps the booklet describes how to cope
with living in a fallout shelter until informed
by a miraculously unharmed radio announcer
that the danger from radioactive fallout has
passed. If a trip outside the shelter is necessary during this time, the government has the
information to ensure the public's safety.
ridicules government civil defence booklet
left to support his claim. But if nuclear war
becomes a reality, fallout shelters will offer
no guarantee of survival.
"There is greater danger in the shelter than
elsewhere because it may collapse as well as
the house, and it may be more difficult to escape from the shelter if the house catches
fire. The fallout shelter is for after the explosion. . ."
Your Basement Fallout Shelter was published by John Diefenbaker's government in
1960. It includes plans for construction of a
concrete and brick shelter, and instructs people to listen to the radio to find out when it is
safe to leave the shelter after a nuclear attack.
"If you suspect that your clothes have.fallout on them, remove your outer clothing before you come inside your home and leave it
outside. Don't shake these clothes inside the
house or shelter. If you have water, wash
thoroughly, particularly exposed skin and
hair. But do not scrub your skin as this might
rub in the radioactive particles."
Fred Cooper is B.C.'s representative from
Emergency Planning in Canada, a government agency which plans civil defence. He
spends 10 per cent of his working hours on
nuclear attack planning. "It's my responsibility to ensure that in the event of a nuclear
war, responsible Canadian government will
continue during and after the attack so there
won't be anarchy and chaos."
Law and order will be maintained in B.C.
by 300 representatives from the government
giving orders from an underground concrete
bunker near Nanaimo, Cooper says.
"It isn't true that it will be chaotic and that
nothing can be done after a nuclear war.
Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) is
concerned that all the hospitals will be wiped
out. That just isn't true. There are doctors in
other places besides cities.
"It's not to say that everyone would die.
There are a lot of people around from Hiroshima and Nagasaki who are living proof that
people can survive a nuclear attack," he says.
"The will to live in people is sufficiently
strong that people will fight to survive. Whether we like what we survive in is another
matter altogether."
Cooper advises people to build fallout shelters and to read 11 Steps to Survival.
"There's always a chance that somebody's
going to use nuclear weapons. You have to
face the fact that some fool might start something."
If people don't act to protect themselves
now, says Cooper, they will regret it should a
nuclear war occur. "People would be running around asking themselves, 'Damn it,
why didn't I build a bomb shelter?' "
Mel Blainey is Vancouver's expert on Emergency Planning. "We don't have civil defence in Vancouver," he says. "Vancouver is
not a target. We have nothing that they
would want to knock out."
Blainey says Vancouver has 56 obsolete
sirens to notify the public in the event of an
emergency. The sirens are not being replaced
because radio and television are now the
main warning systems. "I don't think there's
any possibility of nuclear war, unless we all
go mad," he says. "If there was, we would
have two to three weeks notice."
In this case, Blainey says Vancouver would
undergo a phased evacuation to areas north
and south of the city. "It would be difficult
but it could be done if we had plenty of time.
If we had money, we could do what the Americans do and make a plan for every household."
"Emergency preparation can make people
better aware of how to take care of themselves. I've got to work on the idea that we
can save some people and the country will
continue," Blainey says.
A nuclear attack on Vancouver would not
be as disastrous as the attack on Hiroshima
or Nagasaki, he says. "There was no planning done there. Planning of any kind will
help save lives."
Blainey says he does not believe in scaring
people. "I may plan for some silly eventuality, but I don't believe it will occur. I think
it's up to all of us to stop feeding that fear."
Deadly <
Some call it the Cowboy Solution. The
Pentagon says it needs more nuclear
weapons. At the same time, the U.S. department of energy is trying to get rid of nuclear
waste. What both departments are interested
in is the lethal component of nuclear waste —
Recently, the Reagan administration introduced a profound change in American
nuclear policy in combining two major
nuclear  programs:   Atoms   for  Peace  (the
Hiroshima lies in ruins
nuclear energy program initiated by the
Eisenhower administration) and Atoms for
Deterrence (the weapons program.) "It just
makes a lot of sense to me to solve two problems at one time," says U.S. energy
secretary James Edwards. >er26,1982
Page 7
llacy of survivability
Unlike Cooper, Blainey does not believe
people should be encouraged to build shelters. "By advising people to build nuclear
shelters we're saying that there will be war."
Science for Peace member Andrew Milne
says the government is calming people's fears
by talking about civil defence so there will be
no opposition to Canada's support of the
arms race.
"The big problem with nuclear war is that
the dropping of the bomb is only the beginning," Milne says. "Civil defence planners
are caught up in the technical aspect. What
they don't think about is what's going to
happen after you emerge from the fallout
The problem with bomb shelters is that
they only look two weeks ahead, Milne says.
"The usual literature tells you to come out
after two weeks and the government will tell
you what to do and you'll be fine."
However, there are many issues that are
never considered by emergency plans, Milne
says. The high risk of epidemics, the destruction of transportation systems, food systems,
electrical power, and hospitals are only a few
repercussions of a nuclear attack," he says.
"As many people died after Hiroshima as
died in it," Milne says.
Dr. Thomas Perry, an active member of
PSR, says civil defence is a myth perpetrated
by government. "I think the idea of civil defence is totally futile in the event of a nuclear
war," he says. "Civil defence officials are
paid to tell you otherwise. They are thinking
in terms of nothing worse in a nuclear war
than radioactive fallout. That's not the way
it's going to be."
No shelter can protect people against the
heat and blast effect of an atomic bomb,
Perry says. "The only thing that will happen
is that people will be crushed, suffocated by
lack of oxygen or from carbon monoxide
poisoning, or they literally will be cooked."
The only shelter which would afford protection is the type reserved for important
government officials, Perry says.
Canadians have been lulled onto a false
sense of security about a possible nuclear attack, he says. By developing radar systems
and agreeing to test the cruise missile on Canadian territory, Canada is militarily aligning
itself with the U.S.
"were a nuclear war to develop it would be
most unusual for the U.S.S.R. not to bomb
Canada. There is very good evidence to suggest that Canadian cities are targeted. It
would be ridiculous for the U.S.S.R. to
bomb Seattle but allow American ships and
Trident subs to enter Vancouver harbor."
Perry says the Americans are suggesting
mass evacuation of cities four to five days before a nuclear war. "If Russia notices people
moving out, they will know the U.S. is preparing to attack.
"Civil defence is not possible. Anything
that makes people think they will survive is
encouraging war. All civil defence does is lull
people into thinking they don't have to
worry. I think our government officials in
Ottawa are either terribly uninformed or they
have been completely bought by the U.S. and
told what to say."
Neither Cooper nor Blainey know
Canada's budget for civil defence. They only
say it isn't very large.
"At least we're not wasting money on civil
defence," Perry says. "The people in Ottawa
must realize that civil defence is totally worthless."
onnection — or the cowboy solution
Canada joins the arms race with Candu
— while uncle Ronnie smiles on us.
The Reagan decision has finally brought
the deadly connection between the uses of
nuclear technology into the open.
But the deadly connection —or the
cowboy solution — has implications for
Canada as well. While Canadian leaders may
blame the U.S. and the Soviet Union for the
nuclear buildup, Canada is as responsible as
^S,  #
the superpowers for helping to spread
technology which can be used to build
nuclear weapons.
The prime example of Canada's nuclear
role involves the Candu reactor, a high-
technology export that is considered one of
the best reactors for the development of
weapons-grade fuel, according to Anthony
Arrott, a Simon Fraser University physics
As Arrott points out, India was able to
detonate its first nuclear bomb entirely
through Canadian acquired nuclear
technology and the Candu reactor. After India joined the Nuclear Club, Canada said it
would adopt stricter guidelines for future
reactor sales.
But experts question just how much these
guidelines are kept.
"Canada's strict guideline is, 'Whoever
has the money buys the reactor,' " says UBC
political science professor Michael Wallace.
"And besides, if we catch a violation what
are we going to do, send in the mounties?"
Even nations which are considered
politically unstable continue to receive Canadian nuclear technology which can be used
for military aims. For example, Canada
recently chose to honor its contractual agreement with Argentina for Candu sales, despite
the Falkland Islands crisis.
Argentine rear admiral Castro Madero has
publically stated that his government's decision to build a reactor was political. Another
official recently said Argentina decided to
build a reactor because ' 'the country might at
some time feel it had to develop a military
nuclear option."
The Argentinian claims and the emerging
threat of nuclear weapons capability in the
Middle East has sparked new debate about
the role of nuclear technology and the nations that possess such technology. For some,
the debate has narrowed to discrepancies between countries in the Northern Hemisphere
versus those in the South.
Arott, also a Science for Peace member,
has chauged his views about the function and
export of nuclear energy. "The world will
achieve long-term stability through lessening
the gap between have (North) and have-not
(South)," he says.
"I believe we want to have a world
economy based on large energy use; but I
don't believe the North is willing to sacrifice,
so we must let the South catch up (to our
standard of living)." One'of the best ways of
achieving this, he says, is through energy.
But Arrott no longer feels nuclear energy is
in the best interests of the Third World.
"Thirty years ago I thought nuclear energy
was one of the best ways to help the world
become more equal, but not anymore. Too
much money in these Third world countries is
being funneled off into arms," he says.
Such technology is of little good to countries which are struggling to meet basic
human needs, says Arrott.
Martin Wedepohl, UBC's dean of applied
sciences, agrees with Arrott on the importance of lessening the gap between North and
South, but he disagrees on how to obtain that
"We might profess publicly that we believe
in equality for all, but at the same time we
make certain demands on the resources of
this planet which are not available to all people," he says.
Wedepohl, former managing chair of
Manitoba Hydro, says he believes Canada
could probably lessen the gap and still be able
to exist without nuclear power. But Canada
would have to create a new system of thought
which could lead to increased equality between have and have-nots, he adds.
"As long as we maintain our selfish,
greedy posture this system would be impossible," he says. Wedepohl says that the only
way to change this mentality is through the
education system. But he thinks it is antiquated and is inadequate to cope with the
demands created in this age of technology.
Wedepohl, Arrott and Wallace all agree
there are exceptional cases where nuclear
power can be justified, but according to
Wedepohl, "we have gone too far too fast,
committing ourselves to the construction and
use of nuclear reactors without sufficiently
addressing the associated problems and
dangers that are created." Page 8
Tuesday, October 26,1982
Survivors not given adequate voice
From page 3
chiest understanding of the survivors' ordeals.
The survivors in this book —
who aren't given a chance to offer
testimonies until two-thirds of the
way through — are regarded as an
unidentifiable mass. In the first
two sections, there are no human
accounts interspersed with
medical findings. When the
authors offer a brief portrayal of
life before the bomb, and talk
Ground UBC
This week's lecture series; the
new big bang theory.
Throughout this week, there'll be
speakers and events on campus,
sponsored by the UBC Students for
Peace and Mutual Disarmament.
They are a small part of the peace-
consciousness raising going on in
the city and all over the world, from
Oct. 21 to 31, during United Nations Disarmament Week.
Speakers at noon this week are:
today, James Endicott, journalist
and former chair of the Canadian
Peace Congress; Nino Pasti, retired
NATO general and independent
Italian senator, on Thursday; Shelley and Jim Douglas from Ground
Zero, on Friday.
All speeches take place in Angus
Weather permitting, there will be
an interfaith service on SUB plaza,
Wednesday at noon. In the likelihood of rain, look for it in SUB
Watch for Target Vancouver
posters, for a listing of Disarmament Week events in the metropolis, at Simon Fraser University, and
Langara College.
later about the destruction of
buildings, all you read about are
structures. There isn't a human
voice to be found anywhere.
And when a section titled Mortality of Children Born to the Exposed is juxtaposed with Height
of Children Born to the Exposed,
with no change in tone of the
writing or style, the detachment
seems jarring.
The book assumes a generally
neutral tone, but it often seems
misguided because there are
political ramifications which are
never elaborated:
"The A-bomb attacks were
needed not so much against Japan
— already on the brink of surrender and no longer capable of
mounting an effective counterof-
fensive — as to establish
America's postwar international
position and strategic supremacy
in the anticipated cold war setting.
One tragedy of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki is that this historically
unprecedented devastation of
human society stemmed from
essentially experimental and
political aims."
America's role should not be
forgotten, especially in light of
The First World Assembly to Protect the Peace's 1950 declaration:
"The first government to use
atomic weapons is guilty of a
crime against humanity and
should be treated as a war
hair esLudio inc.
Make an appointment today
and give your head a rest.
In UBC Village next to Bank of Commerce
Visit Western Canada's Largest
Ski & Travel Show !
Oct. 29-30-31
Steve Podborski
And members of Canada's
National Ski Team
(Courtesy of Molson)
. 40% BIGGER.
• Enjoy the Ski  Fashion 83  Show by CFMI  &  SWISS
• Save money and buy or sell your used ski equipment at Ski
Swab- Call 687-4084 tor information & Sbecial swap hours
• Enter Ski Contests and maybe win over S5.000.00 worth of
• Talk to travel consultants and recreation advisors
• See the Free-Style Aerials and trampoline show
• View the award winning film "CHALLENGE THE CANADIAN
ROCKIES" in the Carling O'Keefe — C.F.U.N. Theatre
• Sunday visitors receive a FREE day pass compliments of
• Browse through 150 exhibits and displays
• Talk to Dave Irwin, our "Goodwill Ambassador" and get
some tips on skiing from a former world cup star
Friday. October 29         5 p.m
Saturday. October 30   	
Sunday,October 31	
11 a.m. — 10
11 a.m. —   6
Adults (18 & over)	
Youths (13-17 yrs.)	
Children 12 & under (accompanied by an adult)
30 p m
30 p.m
00 p.m
S4 00
S3 00
take me to
at the bade of the village
where I can enjoy
Exotic Coffees & Coolers,
Great Food
Fabulous Desserts.
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Phone 224-5615
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CANTERBURY        j             DOLPHIN
PANTS - $27.00      I      RUNNING WEAR
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Store Hours: Mon.-Fri., 9:30-5:30,  Sat. 11-2
LOWER LEVEL S.U.B.    22&0414 Tuesday, October 26, 1982
Page 9
Earth's fate can be in your hands
After a life of passion and torment, the French writer George
Sand found a philosophy that at
last brought her peace. A Christian,
Madame Sand wrote that she had
accepted the idea of immortality —
not of the individual, but of the
The Fate of the Earth is a book
that you won't want to read, but it
is one that everyone should.
Jonathan Schell has written a book
about the extinction of the human
species, and perhaps of all other life
on earth.
"In trying to describe possible
consequences of a nuclear
holocaust, I have mentioned the
limitless complexity of its effects on
human society and on the ecosphere
— a complexity that sometimes
seems to be as great as that of life
itself. But if these effects should
lead to human extinction, then all
the complexity will give way to the
utmost simplicity — the simplicity
of nothingness. We — the human
race — shall cease to be."
The Fate of the Earth
By Jonathan Schell
Alfred P. Knopf
244 pages, $14.95
Five years in the making, The
Fate of the Earth is a masterpiece. It
could turn the most apathetic
alligator-shirt wearers into intelligent, responsible people. Schell
exposes the idiocy of the nuclear
doctrine, draws us into the unpleasant subject of extinction, and helps
us explore the choices. In the cult of
present day society, with ringleaders like Reagan, Brezhnev and
the military-industrial complex,
Jonathan Schell is an effective and
rational deprogrammer.
Schell begins his deprogramming
in the first of his three chapters, A
Republic of Insects and Grass. In
this chapter he discusses the history
of nuclear arms build up and the
possible effects of a full-scale
nuclear war on humanity and on the
ecosphere of the planet.
As well as looking at the local effects — heat, blast, exposure, and
radiation — Schell explores global
effects, including widespread radioactive fallout, deterioration of the
protective ozone layer, and the
cooling of the earth's surface.
Nothing would be left but a few insects, and some grass. This part of
the book is perhaps the least interesting, but is a necessary part of
Schell's thesis.
The next chapter, The Second
Death, examines a relatively unexplored area of the nuclear issue, and
is vastly more interesting and terrifying. It deals with the extinction of
the species, a profoundly more
disturbing thought than individual
But Schell does more than just
though dwelling on it were
somehow melodramatic, or were a
sophomoric excess that serious people outgrew with maturity," he
"It was not unless one lifted
one's gaze from all the allegedly
normal events occurring before
one's eyes and looked at the executioner's sword hanging over
everyone's head that the normality
was revealed as a sort of mass insanity. This was an insanity that
consisted not in screaming and
making a commotion but precisely
in not doing these things in the face
of overwhelming danger, as though
everyone had been sedated."
In   the   final   chapter,    Schell
2nd Annual
Tues., Oct. 2.6.
The attest Rock-a-biUu m Western Canada
Octoqer 28,29 and 30
Thurs   - H50
Fn.      - »3.00
Co/er at 700
Show   aft 9:30
describe the possibility of our extinction. He explores why there is
such a tremendous lack of response
to the possibility of impending
"We have found it much easier to
dig our own grave than to think
about the fact that we are doing
so," says Schell. "Thoughts of the
nuclear peril were largely banned
from waking life, and relegated to
dreams or to certain fringes of
society, and open, active concern
about it was restricted to certain
'far-out' people, whose ideas were
on the whole not so much rejected
by the supposedly sober 'realistic'
people in the main stream as simply
ignored. In this atmosphere, discussion of the nuclear peril even took
on a faintly embarrassing aura, as
presents us with a choice. "Two
paths lie before us," he says. "One
leads to death, the other to life."
The Fate of the Earth has been
described by some as the bible of
the anti-nuclear movement. But
despite its tremendous impact, there
remain a few problems.
Schell gives no guide for actual
action. A person can understand
the situation thoroughly and make
a choice but it ends there. Having
aroused our indignation at the
stupidity of the arms race, Schell
leaves us dangling.
Still, Schell has done a wonderful
job, and everyone who has not yet
been deprogrammed should run to
the closest bookstore or library, ignore all else for a weekend and at
least give him a chance.
WEEK — 1982
Rearmament and Disarmament: A lecture by Dr.
James Endicott, former United Church missionary
in China and past Chairman of the Canadian Peace
Congress and the International Institute for Peace,
Noon, Angus 104.
Inter faith Peace Service, SUB Plaza, Noon.
Nino Pasti, retired NATO General, Independent
Senator in Italian Parliament, former Allied
Supreme Vice-Commander in Europe for Nuclear
Affairs, Noon, Angus 104.
Dr., Linus Pauling, Winner of two Nobel Prizes,
Vancouver Hotel Ballroom, 7:30 p.m.
Jim and Shelley Douglass, Founder of Ground
Zero Center for Non-Violent Action. Leaders of
Anti-Trident protest, Noon, Angus 104.
Convocation: "Solutions to the Arms Race".
Woodwards I.R.C.
Benefit Dance, International House.
^ /,     Now you're talkin taste. Page 10
Dr. Alan Buchanan from the Shaughnessy psychiatric unit lectures on psychiatry, noon, IRC 1
General meeting, find out about summer seminar
in Egypt, noon. International House.
Play-by-play video of UBC T-Birds vs. Sask.
Huskies from last Saturday, between 7 and 8
p.m., the Pit.
Recycling committee, noon, SUB 230.
Potluck dinner with CCCM and LCM, 6 p.m.,
Lutheran campus centre.
Film series, 7:X p.m., International House.
Rearmament and disarmament:  lecture by  Dr.
James Endicott,  former chair Canadian Peace
Congress, noon, Angus 104.
Multi-media display on cruise missile and bomb
vigil, all day. SUB plaza.
Display, SUB foyer, noon.
Speaker: Anne Tietgen and Susan Barr, noon,
Home Economics 60.
Accepting applications for volunteer positions on
buddy program, no previous experience necessary. Phone Irene at 879-8888 Monday and Fri
day, 736-6857 evenings.
Monthly meeting with St. Mark's group, noon,
St. Mark's College music room.
Drop-in badminton, 6:30-8:30 p.m.. Gym A and
B Osborne centre.
Meeting   of   policy   and   research   committee,
noon, SUB 213.
Soup lunch, noon, St. Mark's lunch room.
NO Eucharist today, no longer noon, no longer
at Lutheran campus centre.
Co-op dinner with LSM and Gays and Lesbians
of UBC, 6 p.m., Lutheran campus centre.
Potluck dinner with LCM, CCCM, 6 p.m.,  Lu
theran campus centre.
Romance  languages,   7:30  p.m..   International
House, licensed.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 117.
First general meeting, noon, Buchanan, A204.
Wendo, self defense for women, registration still
open. Register at Women Students office. Call
2282415  for   info.   Tuesdays   noon 2:30  p.m.,
SUB 215. Wednesdays 4-6 p.m.. Brock Hall 302.
For next five weeks.
First general evening meeting, 7:30 p.m., SUB
Bowling   nite,   6:30   p.m.,   SUB   games   room.
Bowling is half priced in the games room this
Peace service, noon,  SUB plaza (weather per
mitting), SUB 212 (in case of weather not per
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 117.
Social evening, free vegetarian feast, 6:30 p.m ,
SUB 215.
Stammtisch,   7:30  p m..   Gate 4,   International
Tour of UBC acute care unit,   12 p m.,  Room
G 30 IPre-Med office!.
Tuesday, October 26, 1982
General meeting, noon, SUB 111.
Pumpkin and cookie sale, noon, SUB plaza.
Executive meeting, noon, SUB 209.
Gay rights speaker Rob Joyce, noon, SUB
Disarmament week 1962: A Lecture, by Nino
Pasti, retired NATO general, independent senator in the Italian parliament, former Allied Supreme Vice-Commander for Nuclear Affairs,
noon, Angus 104.
Multi-media display on cruise missile and bomb
shelter vigil, all day, SUB plaza.
Meeting, noon, Bio. Sci. building.
English lecture on Critical constitution of the literary narrative text with Hazard Adams, English
department. University of Washington, noon,
Buch. 204.
Feminism and multiculturalism: The implications
of the Canadian government's policies for immigrant women, with Mair Verthuy of Concordia
University, noon, Buch. A202.
French seminar on Les Ecrivaines Femistes Que-
becoises with Mair Verthuy, 2:30 p.m., Buch.
Lecture on dental officers training plan by Canadian Forces Lt.-Col. D.J. Jones, noon, IRC.
Scheduling of weight training aspect of training
program, noon, Bio. Sci. 2449.
Biotechnology talk on Biotechnology: What is it?
7:30 p.m., IRC 3.
Meeting and training session, noon, SUB 211.
General meeting, noon, St. Mark's music room.
General meeting, noon, Buchanan tower history
Drop-in volleyball, 7:30-9:30 p.m., War Memorial
Special benefits performances of Dylan Back by
Leon Pownall, for Stephen Woodhouse Memorial Trust Fund, $5, Freddy Wood theatre.
Films: The Todas and Taram: A minangkabou
village, noon, Asian centre auditorium.
Caring and sharing meeting, 7:30 p.m., Lutheran
campus centre.
Reunion, 1:30-2:30 p.m., International House
gate 4.
Visiting speakers series with Mair Verthuy on Les
Ecrivaines Feministes OueOecoises, 2:30 p.m.,
Buch. B221.
Feminism and multiculturalism: The implications
of the Canadian government's policies for immigrant women, noon, Buch. A202.
Rob Joyce speaks, noon, SUB 125.
General meeting, noon, Angus 228.
Hallowe'en costume contest with first prize trip
for two to Reno, 6:45 p.m. Call for reservations
876-1344 local 241, 180 West Second.
Pumpkin chase auto rally, 6:30 p.m., SUB loop.
Prizes: dash plaques, trophies, Keg dinner for
first prize. Costume for car and driver encouraged.
Reunion, noon. International House, main
Masquerade ball, 8 p.m., SUB ballroom.
Pumpkin carving contest and cookie sale, noon,
SUB plaza
Disarmament Week 1982: Jim and Shelley
Douglas, founders of Ground Zero Center for
Non-Violent Action and leaders of Anti-Trident
protest, noon, Angus 104.
Disarmament Week 1982: Multi-media display on
Cruise missile and Bomb Shelter Vigil, all day,
SUB Plaza.
Developing Support Groups for Non-violent Civil
Disobedience, Jim and Shelley Douglas, Ground
Zero Center for Non-Violent Action, noon,
Angus 104.
Great Pumpkin Fun Run (3.5 km), noon, east
mall SUB.
Soup lunch, noon, St. Mark's music room.
General  meeting,  discussion  on  seminars and
past exams, new members welcome, noon, IRC
CSA gym night, badminton, basketball and
volleyball, 7:30-10:30 p.m., Osborne gym B.
Hallowe'en party, licensed, music, prize for
best costume, admission Tree, 8 p.m., International House.
General meeting, new club members welcome,
noon, SUB 216G.
Informal gathering of oral readings: poem, play,
prose, essay or class presentation. Everyone
welcome, noon, Brock 302.
B.C. Safety Council novice motorcycle training
course, 8 a.m., SUB 206. Call 946-1161 to register.
Hallowe'en boogie, tickets available at CBP, 8
p.m., St, Mark's partyroom.
Masquerade ball, 8 p.m.. Hotel Georgia.
Hallowe'en ball, featuring B-sides and David Raven and the Escorts, 8 p.m., Armories. Prizes for
best costumes. Tickets at AMS box office.
Ride to  Mt.   Baker,  Washington,   10:30 a.m.,
meet in SUB cafeteria.
Game against Simon Fraser University, 10 p.m..
Aquatic centre.
General meeting, new members welcome, SUB
Service honoring women saints, 8 p.m., Luth-
pr:n campus centre.
3644 West 4th Avenue
At Alma
Regular $15.98 — Sale $11.99
Colours: white, grey,
powder blue and wine.
Mens and Ladies
Regular $17.98 — Sale $12.69
Colours: red and navy.
Sizes: S,M,L,XL
Regular $17.98 -Sale $13.49
Colours: grey, navy and wine.
OCTOBER 26, 27, 28 only
The Thunderbird Shop
Student Union Building
Lower Level, Phone: 224-191 1
Open Monday to Friday 9 a.m.-8 p.m.
Saturday 10 a.m.-5 p.m.
Visa and MasterCard accepted.
1783 West Mall
Hallowe'en Dance
Friday, October 29
8 P.M.
Free Admission
SUBFILMS presents
Thurs. & Fri.
Sat. & Sun.
$1.00 SUB AUD. 7:00 & 9:30
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional
lines, 60e. Commercial — 3 lines. 1 day $4.20; additional lines, 63c. Additional days, $3.80 and 58c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A5
5 — Coming Events
FEMALE STUDENTS - Take a break. Ruby
Tuesday invites you to save 20% on fall
clothes till Halloween. Bring your card.
4476 West 10th Ave.
11 — For Sale — Private
75 MUSTANG GHIA. Standard. $2,900.
732-5538. After 6 p.m.
GEOLOGY TEXTS, education texts and
teaching aids, stickers, posters. Excellent
condition, 738-3386 after 6.
TICKETS for Yolocamba-lta, music of El
Salvador. Nov. 6th, $5.00. 738-9907.
1976 TR6, mint cond., stored winters, rust-
proofed, 34,000 mi., w/extras. $7000.
Learning/study, weight,
smoking, sports, stress, confidence, and others — for
brochures call 681-7388.
85 — Typing
EXPERT TYPING essays, term papers, fac
turns, letters, manuscripts, resumes,
theses. IBM Selectric II. Reasonable rates.
Rose, 731-9857.
U-WRITE WE TYPE 736-1208. Word Pro
cessing Specialists for Theses, Term
Papers, Resumes, Reports, Correspondence, Days, Evenings, Weekends.
15 — Found
rine Dr. 266-5053.
20 — Housing
beat the res blues at 224-9620.
TYPEWRITING, minimal notice required,
phone 732-0529 mornings to noon or eves.
till 10. Reasonable rates. Kits location.
25 — Instruction
35 - Lost
PROFESSIONAL TYPING of essays, theses,
or resumes. Phone Donna at 879-3854.
term papers, equation typing. Rate $10 an
hour. Jeeva, 876-5333.
LOST - in the old Aud. since Oct.
8 blue nylon wallet. Desperately needed.
PLEASE turn in at Lost and Found.
LOST: Tues., Oct. 12 from Buch.
D340 to Math. 100, ladies' wristwatch -
black strap, foreign make, small face.
Reward offered. Ph. 224-9646 #531.
SUPERIOR quality presentation of all academic assignments. Experienced, reliable.
$1.25/pg. Iona, 985-4929.
ESSAYS, theses, reports, letters, resumes.
Bilingual. Word Processor. Clemy,
$200 REWARD: Lost on Oct. 4. Two red/
brown and white Brittany Spaniels. 1
female. 1 male (needs special diet and
medication), lan or Joan Todd 733-5385.
LOST: Valuable brown Neto label leather
jacket in SUB Oct. 18. Great sentimental
value - reward. 266-0791.
40 — Messages
Vive la compagnie. Schlong.
REWARD: Would person who witnessed
car with license #KDG 525 hit my 1973
white V.W. bug and left a note on my windshield on Oct. 18 in Blot please contact
Dave at 222 2735.
70 — Services
FLOWERS BY WENDY Have wedrtmcj designs done in fresh or silk flowers. Profes
sional freelance. 261-3573 or 543-1873.
thesis, etc. W/electronic typewriter. Rate:
$1.25/dble. spaced page. 732-3647.
NEED A TYPIST? Look no further. Resumes,
reports, theses, letters. Professional
results. Reas. rates. Audrey, 228-0378.
90 - Wanted
WANTED - Temp. Pt-time Sec-typist by
T.A. Union cftjring current contract negs
Hours var. to max. 10/wk. up to 3 mths
Start immed. Shthnd. asset. Pref
present/former b.u. member. $9.19/hr. Ap
pin and inquir. by Oct. 30 to T.A. Union
204 Armouries, U.B.C. 224-2118.
for French Horns, Cellos, Bassoons
Limited bursaries available to cover Delta
Youth Orches'ra fees. Phone 943 5302 for
WANTED Used 3 DR tiiiny cabinet Phone
430 526F: . .. 228 4453 iPatV
Miscellaneous Tuesday, October 26,1982
Page 11
'Birds show Pioneers the trail's end
The two international university
hockey games at UBC last weekend
were probably the most exciting the
Thunderbird arena has witnessed in
Although the UBC hockey
team's strategy was for a solid
defensive game, the result was freewheeling, hard-hitting shootout
with the 'Birds stunning the ninth
ranked NCAA University of
Denver Pioneers 11-8 on Friday and
7-6 on Saturday.
UBC right winger Daryl Coldwell
scored the winning goal Saturday
with only 2:09 remaining in the
game. Centre Kevin Argue led the
'Birds with four goals and one assist
while defender Rick Amann added
three goals and three assists over the
two game series.
Saturday's contest saw 152
minutes in penalties and four
players thrown out of the game,
three of them from Denver. UBC
coach Jack Moores considered
cancelling the game after the second
"We won't play American col-
Bloodshed in
the stands
Blood was shed at the Thunderbird arena during Saturday night's
international university hockey
game, but most of it was spilled off
the ice. A stick swinging incident
erupted between several University
of Denver hockey players and some
fans during the third period.
One spectator was sent to hospital after receiving a blow to the
head from a hockey stick wielded
by Pioneer player Bill Stewart. Another was escorted from the arena
while others drinking beer in the vicinity were asked to leave.
The incident began when a spectator poured beer over Pioneer
player Bobby Larsheid (son of
sports commentator Tom) While he
was sitting in the penalty box in the
third period. Larsheid had knocked
out a couple of UBC player Graham Kerr's teeth with his stick in
the second period.
After a few heated words between the fan and several Denver
players, a Pioneer fan threw beer at
the UBC fan's face. After being
baited by UBC fans, Denver players
started to climb the glass and swing
their sticks at the crowd.
Another fan tried to climb the
glass to get in the penalty box. He
was soon forced by the Pioneer
players to retreat or risk being
struck with a stick.
Moments later he was hit on the
left side of the head with a stick.
Blood quickly covered his face aryi
it appeared he was knocked out for
a few seconds.
He was taken to hospital while
the instigator was escorted out and
Stewart thrown out of the game.
"It was sad to see an ex-UBC student ruin such a good game,"
men's athletic director Rick Noonan said.
The game did not resume until
after all beer had been removed
from the stands.
lege teams again unless we wear
cages," Moores said. All American
collegiate hockey players are required to wear wire face masks, but
it's optional in Canada.
Because of the cages, the sticks
are higher and more players could
get injured if they're not wearing
face protection, Moores said. Five
UBC^ hockey players received facial
cuts Friday night, while 'Bird right
winger Graham Kerr lost a couple
of teeth during Saturday night's
game courtesy of Pioneer's Bobby
Larsheid.    "he's   in   pretty   bad
shape," Moores said, "and it's the
result of a deliberate attempt to injure.
"We've shown that American
hockey is not all that it's cracked up
to be, and the quality is inferior to
what you'd see in the Canada West
league, where there's good, clean,
hard hockey."
The 'Birds are undefeated this
year with all four wins coming
against American teams, including
a pair of victories over the NCAA
champion North Dakota Fighting
Sioux two weeks ago.
But Denver coach and ex-NHL
player Ralph Backstrom was not
too impressed.
"The whole game was a farce,"
he said, "it wasn't a hockey game,
it was a roller derby. It was the
worst refereeing I've ever seen. It's
hard to win when you spend half
the time in the penalty box."
More than 1,000 fans turned out
for each game, the largest attendance in years. The 'Birds travel to
Calgary this weekend to play in the
Empress Cup tournament against
Alberta, Regina and Calgary.
Next stop College Bowl?
Wherever you are Maury Van
Vliet, this one's for you.
Van Vliet was the head football
coach of the 1939 Thunderbirds, a
team that went 10-0 during the season. He now has something in common with current head football
coach Frank Smith.
The 'Birds 60-19 thrashing of the
University of Saskatchewan Huskies Saturday afternoon marked the
first time in 43 years the team has
enjoyed an undefeated Western
Inter-collegiate Football League
season. More importantly, the win
should give the team momentum as
they head into post-season play.
Their first opponents will be the
Manitoba Bisons in the WIFL final
here Nov. 5. Earlier this season the
'Birds defeated the Bisons 37-6 and
Saturday's game also saw several
And another champ
— rick katz photo
UNACCEPTABLE FACE of modern sport. Ready-for-anything Denver
hockey gladiator shows what fashion conscious sports players are wearing
down south this year. You can remove your opponents teeth and not fear
for your own. It makes for violence without pain, just what the public
UBC women's soccer team again
enjoyed a very mixed weekend.
They crashed to a 4-0 defeat in
Seattle on Saturday against Western
Washington University but did better closer to home on Sunday when
they beat league pacemakers
Westburn 3-2 in Burnaby to give
UBC a 2-2-2 record season overall.
UBC's cross-country runners had
little to show this weekend for the
long journey to and from
Lethbridge for a Canada West
The men's team could only
manage a sixth place, with just the
University of Lethbridge finishing
below them.
The women fared slightly better.
They were fourth overall, which
was still not good enough for them
to quality for the national finals.
The stand-out individual performance was given by top placed
woman Maria Nibblelink, normally
an 800 metres runner, who finished
eighth over a 5 km course.
Mud. It destroys strategy, ignores
skill, and makes field hockey look
like golf.
But the UBC women's field
hockey team maintained enough of
an edge this weekend to win its third
consecutive Canada West title and
gain a berth in the national championships Nov. 4-7 in Calgary.
"It was hit and hope hockey,"
said coach Gail Wilson describing
the tightest match of the tournament, UBC's 1-0 win over the
University of Victoria.
The playing conditions evened
everyone out and made mud out the
'Birds strategy of working the ball
out of their own end with short
passes, Wilson said.
"It was a game of breaks — not
skill. We put the ball down their
end and forced them to make the
mistakes," Wilson said. UBC finally capitalized on UVic's mistakes
when Terri Drain scored to give
UBC the victory.
"It would have been a different
story had the field conditions been
good," Wilson said, citing UBC's
four previous wins over UVic this
The 'Birds 7-0, 9-0, and 6-0 routs
over the Universities of Alberta,
Manitoba and Calgary made the
UVic win unnecessary. But the title
would have been hollow without it,
Wilson said.
The three wins and 23-0 total
goals for record are also indicative
of UBC's number one problem going into the nationals — lack of
"We just haven't had enough top
notch competition to keep us sharp
defensively," Wilson said explaining her "overly critical," attitude to
the 'Birds defence. UBC's defence
will have to be top notch against
last year's national champions the
University of Toronto and Atlantic
leader University of New
Mud — or lack of it — is another
obstacle to the national title. The
nationals are played on astroturf
and UBC is scrambling for practice
time in Empire Stadium, on tennis
courts and in the UBC armouries to
acclimatize to the surface.
Top placed UBC was followed by
UVic, Manitoba, Calgary and
team and individual records established. UBC's 60 points beat the old
record of 59, scored in a 1978 game
against Manitoba.
Individually, place kicker and
wide receiver Ken Munro put 18
points on the board, giving him 100
for the season. That betters the old
WIFL record of 98. Currently
Munro is Canada's leading scorer.
The game itself was a superb display of offense by the 'Birds. Quarterback Jay Gard completed 14 of
24 passes for 258 yards, including
four touchdown passes. Running
back Glen Steele carried the ball 26
times for 109 yards.
UBC's offense also displayed a
great deal of poise as they were
handed the ball in great field position, due to a number of turnovers
caused by the defense. Cornerback
Mark Beecroft again enjoyed a fine
game with two interceptions, as well
as collaring Huskie receivers for
most of the afternoon.
The 'Birds now have a bye this
week, until they meet the Bisons
here Nov. 5. Should they win that
game, they will advance to the Atlantic Bowl the following weekend.
And after that — the College
Ken Hippert Hair
We Offer Student Discount
Expires December 1, 1982
With presentation of ad
by Terry, Karin, Debbie
For appointment 5736 University Blvd.
228-1471 (Next to LuckyDollar Store)
is including a FREE
Kryptonite Lock
($50 value)
and carrying
bracket with
every bicycle
purchase of
$350 or more*
* including accessories
V** Varsity Cycles Ltd
4385 West 10th Ave.
224-1034 Page 12
Tuesday, October 26,1982
Aid program may be held
OTTAWA (CUP) — A proposed
federal student aid bursary program may be axed to finance a $2
billion job creation program the
Canadian Federation of Students
executive officer said Oct. 15.
The new scheme would have
eliminated the $1,800 ceiling on
federal loans and extended aid to
part-time students for the first time,
in addition providing nonrepayable bursaries, said Diane
The federal government planned
to introduce bursary legislation this
fall, and had already purchased a
computer system to process applications for the 1982-83 academic year,
Flaherty said.
"They'll probably say they are
postponing the program because
they can't afford it now, rather
than cancelling it," said Flaherty.
"But if they postpone it for a year,
the possibility of the economic crisis
having resolved itself by then is
practically nil."
Trudeau's principal secretary
Tom Axworthy told Flaherty no
decision has been made yet. But Axworthy says cuts will likely be made
to student aid and provincial
transfer payments, Flaherty said.
The federal government now
funds student aid by about $200
million annually. But they only provide funds for loans. Former
secretary of state Gerald Regan sup
ported channelling another $230
million into the new federal bursary
CSF has been pushing for
changes to the federal loan program
said Flaherty.
Flaherty said the federal cabinet
is debating which programs are
politically acceptable to cut.
Secretary of state Serge Joyal
told CFS the cabinet is considering
a return to the system of matching
provincial contributions to education dollar for dollar which would
mean major cuts in transfer
payments to the provinces for post
secondary education.
The government replaced the
matching grant system in 1977 with
Established   Program   Financing.
Through EPF the federal government helps finance advanced education and health care though both
are provincial responsibilities.
The federal government claims
the provinces abuse the system by
spending EPF money on other activities, said Flaherty.
Axworthy told Flaherty the
federal share of education has risen
to 60 per cent of the cost.
"We have been taken to the
cleaners by the provinces for too
long and we're not going to let them
get away with it any longer,' Axworthy told Flaherty.
EPF negotiations begin in
November and Axworthy expects
an announcement will be made by
December, Flaherty said.
AUCE to vote
on 6& 5 pact
— craig brooks photo
EYES LEFT. UBC chancellor J.V. Clyne waves to people of Vancouver during Great Trek re-enactment Saturday.
Former AMS president and current alumni association president Grant Burnyeat, middle, appears not too pleased, after learning current AMS plans to ask association for money to cover week's deficit. Other great Trekkers in
car include Betty Somerset (behind Burnyeat) and unidentified person right. Trek organizer Joannie Pilcher,"
hanging out window, is busy looking for Ubyssey photographer she said was never there.
Members of the Association of
University and College Employees
vote today and Wednesday on a
contract their union negotiating
committee is recommending for rejection.
AUCE members forced a full
membership vote on the two-year
contract offer at a special meeting
last week.
But despite recommending rejection of the contract, union negotiators signed a memorandum of agree-
Troubled Great Trek week runs deficit
The Alma Mater Society will approach the UBC Alumni Association to help cover a larger than anticipated deficit from last week's
Greak Trek anniversary activities.
AMS president Dave Frank said
Monday he will ask the association
for the money because "they were
very happy" with the week's events.
"We probably over-ran our
budget," said Great Trek committee treasurer Pat Darragh. He said
the exact deficit won't be known for
some time, since "everything isn't
in yet."
The most successful event of the
week was the annual Arts '20 race,
in which more than 1,400 students
participated. The relay race course
ran from Vancouver General
Hospital to UBC.
But for the week's finale, a re-
enactment of the original 1922
Trek, less than 200 students participated. In 1922, more than 1,000
students trekked.
Frank blamed the poor attendance partially on uncertainty
about the nature of the parade.
"Some heard it was political and
didn't want to be in it, and some
heard it was not political, and
didn't want to be in it."
The "don't known, don't care"
attitude of students nowadays also
hurt attendance, Frank said.
"Everyone thinks everything is
"The original Trek had a really
well defined purpose. They didn't
have a university, the issue was simple. Today's issues are student aid,
cutbacks, quality of education — a
much more complicated theme."
No placards were visible during
the entire procession, despite the
arts undergraduate society financially assisting and promoting their
construction. The most "political"
notice was a "Trek for Education"
banner held by many arts students,
Ron Stipp, arts 4, said.
Twenty cars and floats started the
trek from the Queen Elizabeth
theatre to the university. But only
10 arrived at UBC. Present were antique cars, a flatbed truck, two
Mercedes, customized vans, a Triumph, Trans Am and a 18-wheel
But timing problems plagued the
It arrived at Blanca and 16
Avenue at noon, almost three hours
ahead of schedule. Originally intended to travel through Thunderbird stadium during the UBC-
Saskatchewan football game's half-
time, the parade arrived on campus
before the opening kick-off.
Other   week  events   included   a
Match-the-Button game, for which
all prizes were collected, a 1920's
film night and a 1920 cabaret, "Gin
and Sin" night.
Fewer than 50 attended Gin and
The party room had been
decorated at great expense in a
1920's motif.
No one knows how many attended Thursday night's old-fashioned
bathing suit contest.
Friday, a dinner honoring the
classes of 1919-29 was held in SUB
ballroom. Only 200 students dined
with "founders" before listening to
the 13 person Wildroot Orchestra.
Former   Ubyssey   staff  member
Pierre Berton, was guest speaker at
the event.
The Ubyssey is the most free student paper in Canada, Berton said.
"Few student papers have that
freedom and I'm glad this paper
The Ubyssey's duty is to retell
UBC myths such as the Great Trek,
Berton said.
"Unless papers retell the myths,
freshmen won't know the UBC
cairn's myth," he said.
Despite poor attendance at most
of the events, Frank was generally
pleased with the week. "I didn't expect any more. The Founders Dinner — I was happy with that."
ment because members at the meeting supported the university's offer.
The contract includes a basic six
per cent increase in the first year
and 5.25 per cent in the second.
The first year of the agreement
includes raises for some job categories of up to 8.1 per cent,
AUCE coordinator Shirley Irvine
said Monday.
Irvine said the motion to support
the negotiating committee's rejection recommendation was narrowly
But she says the meeting was informal and does not mean AUCE
members support the university's
"The only vote that counts is the
one tomorrow and Wednesday,"
Irvine said. The vote will be held in
SUB 115.
Irvine said a motion at the meeting to actually ratify the contract
was defeated, since members wanted a formal, secret ratification vote.
AUCE represents 1,400 library,
clerical and secretarial positions on
campus. The union's previous contract, which expired on March 31,
gave the union wage increases of 9.5
and 9 per cent respectively over the
two year agreement.
The university offered AUCE on
an increase during the contractual
period, but the union declined,
UBC information officer Al Hunter
said Monday.
Direct Action regrets injvries
MONTREAL (CUP) — A group calling
itself Direct Action is claiming responsibility
for the Oct. 14 bombing of Litton Systems in
Rexdale, Ontario.
Direct Action distributed a communique in
Toronto and Montreal Wednesday justifying
the bombing and apologizing for injuring
seven people in the blast.
The Litton plant produces guidance systems
for the Cruise missiles, while flies low enough
to escape radar detection. Peace activists claim
it could be used in a first-strike attack, and
therefore increases the risk of nuclear war.
"We sincerely regret that any injuries occurred as a result of this action," stated the Direct
Action communique. "We never intended to
harm anyone. We do not regret, however, our
decision to attempt to sabotage the production
of the Cruise missile guidance 'brain'."
"Though we have no illusions that direct actions such as this one can by themselves bring
about the end of Canada's role as a resource
base, economic and military functionary of
Western imperialism, we do believe that militant actions are valid and necessary."
According to Direct Action, the bomb went
off 12 minutes earlier than planned. The Litton
guards and police failed to evacuate the
building after receiving a telephone warning.
Metro Toronto police believe the news
release is authentic. According to police
spokesperson constable Fontaine, the facts
stated in the communique are consistent with
what may have happened.
"We're treating it seriously until we hear
otherwise," he said.
A similar communique claiming responsibility for last May's bombing of transformers
in a Vancouver Island power plant was issued
this summer. A group with the same name has
claimed responsibility for a series of bombings
in France.
"No connection has yet been established
between the bombings in France, B.C. and
Toronto," said Fontaine.
Peace activists in Toronto and Montreal
denied involvement in Direct Action.
"There are no links at all between us and
them," said Shelagh Nevney of the Montreal
Committee to Oppose the Cruise. "These
types of action breed violence and further
violent actions . . . and we totally dissociate
ourselves from violent action," he said.
Ken Morrison of McGill University Project
Ploughshares said although the group as a
whole would condemn the bombing, he personally thought it had some merit.
"Someone working at Litton is involved in
the arms race;  it's  direct  action  .  . .  The
guidance mechanism for the missile is what
makes it important.
"It's a pity that to make headlines you have
to resort to National Enquirer-type sensationalism," he said.
Morrison is worried the bombing will spark
clashes between peace demonstrator's and
police, particularly at the upcoming November
protest at the Litton plant in Toronto.
The Direct Action communique regards
such clashes as inevitable.
"There is every reason imaginable to tear
down the system and makers of nuclear war,"
stated the communique.
"We did not commit inexcusable errors.
"We can only claim in all honesty that this
action was never meant to be an act of terrorism. The terrosts are those who have set the
world on the brink of nuclear war, not those
who are fighting this insanity and inhuman
madness," it said.
In other anti-nuke news, McGiU's student
council recently voted to oppose the testing of
the Cruise missile in Cold Lake, Alberta. And
on Oct'. 30, Ploughshares will join the Committee to Oppose the Cruise, and other peace
activist groups from Winnipeg, Edmonton and
possibly Vancouver, for a protest in Ottawa
against the testing.


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