UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 5, 1991

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Array the Ubyssey
Losted in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, February 5,1991
Vol 73, No 34
Tiananmen struggle continues
Chinese consulate site of protest
Protestors in front of the Chinese Consulate
decry the action of the Chinese government
to put on trial the student of the June 4,
1989 massacre.
by Huang Chen Chung
Flashing yellow ribbons,
about 80 demonstrators protested
the Chinese government's treatment of those imprisoned for participating in the Tiananmen
Square movement for democracy
at the Chinese consulate on Saturday.
Cramped between a wall of
bushes, iron grills and concrete,
the demonstrators carried signs—
one was wearing chains and a
mock pillory—as they stood in
front of the Granville Street
mansion shouting slogans.
The yellow ribbons, a symbol
of hope, have been waved by
Vancouver demonstrators since
June 4, 1989, when hundreds—
possibly thousands—of students
and workers protesting at
Beijing's Tiananmen Square were
either shot to death or run over by
People's Liberation Army tanks.
Protestor Raymond Chan
said, "This is to demonstrate to
the government that the imprisoned dissidents still have support."
Chan gave an impassioned
speech through a makeshift
speaker system as dozens of passing cars and buses honked horns
in support.
Chan, who is the chair of
Vancouver Society in Support of
Democratic Movement (VSSDM),
recently visited Beijing but was
barred from witnessing the trials
of Tiananmen Square dissidents.
He said many ofthe student
dissidents were sentenced to an
unexpected and lengthy terms, but
added, some of the workers who
were not well-publicized received
stiffer sentences.
"One architect got 14 years.
We (the VSSDM) feel it's because
we did not publish his case," he
"Right now, we are trying our
best to assemble information on
workers but it's hard. The workers are intimidated and do not
realize the media's power."
Another concern, Chan said,
is the fate of Wang Juntao, deputy
editor of the now-banned Economic Weekly. Wang is suffering
from Hepatitis B in prison but
government officialsflatly rejected
his wife's request to admit him
into a hospital.
A spokesperson for the Ministry of External Affairs said Canadian officials are discussing the
trials on a regular basis with officials in Beijing and the Chinese
Embassy in Ottawa.
In a telephone interview from
Ottawa, External Affairs spokes
person Dennis Lalierte said, "We
want to make sure the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights are
being upheld during the trials."
But he said the ministry is
not yet in a position to reveal details ofthe talks.
External Affairs minister Joe
Clark last spoke with China's
deputy Foreign Affairs minister
Hua Qui in December during his
visit to Ottawa.
In Vancouver, several protestors accused the Chinese government of speeding up the trials
while international focus was on
the Gulf War.
UBC student Mankit Chan
said, "Canadians respect the
rights of human beings—I believe
through this type of action, we can
make those Canadians aware."
"We want to let the Chinese
government and Canadians know
that there's still much to do."
Raymond Chan said that the
Chinese community in Vancouver
is united in its stance for the most
part. "Only the people with businesses in China have some rese r-
vations," he said.
He added that the Chinese
government is worried about financial aid and foreign recognition and are making moves to
improve foreign relations.
Geers' Skulk Night targets peace camp
by Paul Dayson
The UBC Engineers went on
the offensive to kick off Engineering week with a Sunday night
scavenger hunt which culminated
with a number of raids on the
Peace Gamp on the Vancouver Art
Gallery lawn.
Peace camp spokesperson
Angus Adair said, "They came
down here on a scavenger hunt
and took a pile of our things."
Among the items engineers
took from the camp were all but
one of the signs put up by the
peace campers, candles, a Canadian flag and two pylons. A small
replica ofthe engineers' cairn was
left on the top of a fountain.
"We are here expressing ourselves freely. They (engineers)
came down here and took away
our flags, our signs and anything
that expressed what we are about.
They might as well have tied us
down and gagged us," Adair said.
Many of the participants in
the camp are high school students.
"I'm disappointed. I'm angered," Adair said.
Peace camper ElenorDeVries
said, "We want our flags and signs
A scavenger hunt called
"Skulk Night" is the traditional
beginning of Engineering week.
According to Engineering
Undergraduate Society president
Darren Saunders, the list for
Skulk Night is composed by an
"anonymous group of individuals"
which is then screened.
Saunders saidhe didnotknow
who screened the list for the hunt.
Besides items from the peace
camp, also on the list were a videotape of Mr. Rogers swearing,
Kurt Preinsperg's briefs and reservations for a flight to Iraq.
AMS engineering rep Evie
Wehrhahn said, "We don't want
to hurt anybody and we don't want
mindless destruction. We also try
to ensure that anything that goes
missing is returned."
Some groups of engineer%4,n-,
volved in Skulk Night wereygjijre
sensitive to the peace carn^^s.
One group of engineersIMp-.
proached peace campers and
asked for something from the
camp—the campers responded by
giving them a book.
As well as objects, a group of
first year engineers scavenged a
peace camper whom they took to
the Cheeze Factory and plied with
The "kidnapped" peace
camper Owen West said, "I figured it was either me or a sign.
Anyway, anyone who offers me
beer has got me."
Hikes being ignored
The demo planned to co
incide with the Board of
Governors meeting this
Thursday is in disarray, according to the AMS coordinator of External Affairs,
Jason Brett.
"Right now nothing is
planned," Brett said. "We
had our regular Fight the
Hikes committee meeting,
but only one other person
showed up."
The BoG meeting will
start at 9 am on Thursday,
and Brett and AMS president
Kurt Preinsperg will be
speaking to the board at 10
"I'm beginning to wonder
how seriously UBC students
are concerned about the fee
hike proposal,"he said. "We'll
have something planned."
Brett said tickets were
still available from the administration at 228-2172. "I'll
be scalping them at the door,"
he joked.
Engineers' mark left on peace camp.
NADENE REHNBY PHOTO Classifieds 228-3977
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Express yourself
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^ special
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February 14th.
We are now
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(Deadline Feb 12th)
admission, great deals, & fabulous
door prizes. Registration @ 11:45.
Noon-2:30 pm. Angus 104.
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Fred Stride, Director. Noon. Free.
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Video Lecture: "Conservatism -The
Antithesis of Capitalism." Noon.
Scarfe 104.
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Speaker - Juergen Hansen. "Is BC
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on the E nvironment & the Economy
View." Noon. MacMillan 166.
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Coffee House. Performers wanted,
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or actors. 7:30 pm -10 pm. West Pt.
Grey Community Centre.
International Socialists. Meeting:
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the Legal Profession and the Pacific Rim. $5 entrance. Includes
reception. 872-4-116 for pre-regis-
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And All That!" with Dr. Stewart F.
Richards, Uni versi ty of Hong Kong.
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Wed., Feb. 6 at 10am
They are fighting the injunction by the
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silencing their protest.
consider shared
for professional
February 5,1991 NEWS
Jean Chretien waffles to UBC students
Chretien speaks of patriotism.
Abortions still legal after
bill C-43 fails in Senate
by Carla Maftechuk
Bill C-43, the proposed legislation which would have place
abortion in the Canadian Criminal Code, was defeated by the
Senate last Thursday.
The bill had evoked unfavorable reactions from people on both
sides ofthe abortion issue.
A tie vote of 43-43, with more
than 20 senators absent, meant
that the bill failed. Although prime
minister Brian Mulroney had declared a free vote on the bill, Progressive Conservative senator Pat
Carney voted against C-43 and
has since been struck from a federal constitutional review committee.
First introduced to the House
of Commons in November of 1989,
Bill  C-43 had passed its final
readingin the House in May 1990.
It went before the Senate for its
final vote on January 24.
Bill C-43 required a woman
to obtain the permission of a doctor
before she could undergo the operation. A doctor would only be
able to grant permission if the
pregnancy was judged to threaten
the woman's "physical, mental, or
psychological health."
Under such a law, if the
doctor's diagnosis had been questioned and determined to be inaccurate, both the doctor and the
woman involved could have received prison terms of up to two
Jackie Larkin, spokesperson
for the B.C. Coalition of Abortion
Clinics, referred to the failure of
the bill as "terrific."
"C-43 isn't law, it's history. It
won't be easy for individual harassment (by third party intervention)," Larkin said.
"The key battle now is for
access. Forty per cent of the
women who came to the
(Everywoman's) Health Clinic last
year had to be sent to the United
"The only way the Provincial
government could hinder abortions is to refuse funding for
clinics," she said.
Larkin said that in Nova
Scotia, a bill was passed would
not permit the establishment of
free standing abortion clinics. The
law was subsequently struck
Currently, Vancouver has two
abortion clinics in operation which
are not being funded by the provincial government.
by Rick Hiebert
Federal opposition leader
Jean Chretien admits a Liberal
government could not ensure that
each province in Canada conform
to national educational standards.
Following a speech Monday,
the federal Liberal leader said he
did "not know what coul d be done"
if the Quebec Liberal party's recent proposals to obtain provincial
control over social programs and
spending under a new constitutional agreement were
"Post-secondary education is
a provincial area according to the
constitution and the federal government is not usually involved
in it," Chretien said.
"If you're thinkingabouthav-
ing national standards, then it
should be, but as of right now, we
wouldn't have the power to do so.
The federal government has its
hands tied even now."
Chretien spoke to almost
1,000 students in the SUB Ballroom about his party's positions
on the Gulf war and national unity.
His pitch for unity appeared to get
support from the audience yet his
comments on the Liberal party's
support for Canada's participation in the conflict raised some
vocal opposition.
He alluded to Canada's history of support ofthe United Nations and the role it played "as a
peacemaker" by refusing to get
involved in the Suez and Vietnam
Chretien said sanctions
against Iraq had not been given
enough time to work by the United
Nations. "You don't crush a country like Iraq in eight months.
They're used to suffering after
their war with Iran."
Yet, he said, now that Canada
is involved in the conflict, that it
was "our duty to protect and support our troops. I have no doubt
about that."
Ch retien implied it was hypocritical for Canada to disapprove
of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
without being willing to fight as
part of the UN alliance to remove
their forces.
"When you're playing hockey,
you go out on the ice, you don't sit
in the stands and applaud," he
said. "The CF-18 jets we have
aren't made to distribute milk.
"Pacifism is a noble position
to have but it's not too practical,"
Chretien said. "A pacifist should
carry their logic all the way and
get us out of NATO and NORAD."
Chretien also said he was
confident that Canada could remain united, especially with constitutional change and perhaps a
new sharing of powers between
the federal and provincial governments.
"To be a Canadian is not to be
an American. There are Canadian
values that we all share, values of
compassion built over the years,"
he said, alluding to programs like
medicare and equalization payments.
He said a new constitution
might be worthwhile, yet it would
have to be "negotiated with all
"We need national standards
in many areas, such as the environment, but I am open to sharing
powers with the provinces," he
said. "If we start to have two
classes of citizens, those born or
living in one province and those
born in another, then you don't
have a nation anymore."
He said the federal government had to treat the recent proposals ofthe Quebec Liberal party
as "something to negotiate from.
If not, there will not be a deal.
"But we have to go into any
negotiations knowing exactly
what we want."
During the question and answer session after the speech,
Chretien was presented with a
box of frozen waffles by two
members ofthe UBC New Democrats.
UBC student Paul J.Gill said,
"If the Liberal policy on opposing
and then supporting the Gulf war
is a reflection of the beliefs of
Canadians, then our national
symbol shouldn't be the maple leaf,
rather it should be the waffle."
Middle Eastern students united against Gulf war
Peace is the main concern of international student groups
by Roxane Poulin
OTTAWA (CUP) — Thousands of
miles from the Persian Gulf, students from different parts of the
Middle East sit side by side in
Canadian classrooms as war rages
in their native countries.
Within the University of
Ottawa's international community, these students are torn between love for their homeland and
a love for their new home, and
must additionally contend with
the frustration of helplessness.
But, according to students contacted, conflicts between different
Middle Eastern groups have not
been aggravated by the war.
"The tensions are definitely
there. It's 100 per cent understandable," said Daniel Fine,
president ofthe Jewish Students'
Union-Hillel, "but I can't say
things have really changed because ofthe Gulf crisis."
According to one Palestinian
student who wished to remain
anonymous, Canadian universities offer the perfect forum for
discussion and negotiations be
tween opposing groups.
"At this level you can talk in a
secure way; there is no fear," he
said. "There is a possibility of negotiation between Israelis and
Palestinians; that's what we are
trying to show."
Other attempts at open discussion in a calm setting are being
made by students who wish to set
an example. Fine is currently trying to coordinate a Jewish-Arab
forum for this semester, "not to
take any particular position but
more just to sit down and talk and
find out what makes each other
tick; to put a human face to the
different things that you hear
Nawaf Madi, the Lebanese
president of the Arab Students'
Association, said there is solidarity and cohesion among Arab students. Despite the fact that their
governments are fighting each
other, he said the Arab masses
are united in their anti-war sentiment.
"The governments have taken
positions contrary to what their
people are expressing," he said.
Religion also united the
Middle Eastern students. According to the Palestinian student,
different individuals with different points of view will still gather
at the mosque on Friday to pray
for peace in the Middle East.
According to Andre Brossard,
director ofthe International Students' Office, different groups
within the school have different
political views and debates can
become heated though they still
find a strong common link in the
Muslim faith.
"They put their differences
aside to look at religious dimensions of life," he said.
Even the barrier of differing
faiths seems to have diminished
at the U of O. Iraqi student Ahmad
Yousif said he was touched by a
non-Muslim friend who prayed for
his family in her own church.
On a similar note, Fine said
that despite their religious differences with Arab students, members of the Jewish Students'
Union-Hillel are "extremely outraged at the terrible backlash
against Arab-Canadians.
"Our goal is to lay the groundwork so that we are first and foremost Canadian students on a Canadian campus," he said. "Ethnic
students have a lot of unifying
The Gulf war has also touched
many ofthe international students
on a more intimate level. Yousif
has many close relatives in
Baghdad. Several days after the
fighting began he still had not
heard any news about their situation.
"I cannot imagine what's going on with them," he said. "I only
know from the news—and everything we hear is bombs, bombs,
bombs—that's it."
The Palestinian student has
family in Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Jordan, the West Bank and Kuwait.
"Wherever you hit, you're going to find part of my family," he
Yousif also put into words the
inner turmoil of international
students as Canadians Forces are
deployed in the Gulf.
"I have very nice Canadian
friends who care about me and I
care about them too, but at the
same time the government's decision might now be killing my family and I cannot do anything."
Though he is pleased to see
the support Middle Eastern students have received at the U of O,
Madi expresses a concern for the
future of the international students' relations as the war intensifies. He said there is already
much anti-Arab sentiment in
Canada and a lot of harassment
from the government.
There is support now, but he
fears the anti-Arab sentiment is
not full blown yet and as the
months go by, conflicts in
Canada—possibly on cam puses—
may be aggravated.
As time wears on and the Gulf
conflict draws out, it remains to
be seen whether or not the dialogues these students are attempting will succeed in maintaining the present stability in
the University of Ottawa's international student community.
Perhaps the greatest challenges
still lie ahead—to test the tolerance of all.
January 22,1991
THE UBYSSEY/3 Are You Experiencing
Sexual Difficulties?
The Department of Psychology at the University of British
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understanding female sexual response and developing new
methods of treatment for women with sexual dysfunction. If
you are a heterosexual women, 22 years or older, and
currently experiencing low or decreased sexual desire,
decreased sexual arousal, or other sexual difficulties,
please call 228-2998, Mon.-Fri. between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m.
for more information. An honorarium will be paid for
participation. All inquiries will remain strictly confidential.
Student Work Abroad Programme
You could spend next summer working in:
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Scholarships for
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in housing
Individual scholarships of up to $13,200 each for
graduate studies in housing are awarded by Canada
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Scholarship winners are chosen competitively by a
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A Guideline and Application form may be obtained
from your university office responsible for graduate
studies or student awards. Or write to:
Administrator, Scholarship Program
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Ottawa, Ontario K1A0P7
Your request for a form must reach Ottawa by
March 8, 1991. In turn, your application for the 1991-
1992 academic year must be sent to CMHC by your
university no later than April 5, 1991.
The Ubyssey
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Student nurses support strike
by CA. Quast
province-wide nurses' strike drags
on, nursing students at the University of Manitoba are feeling its
As a show of commitment to
the 9,500 striking nurses, U of M
nursing students have organized
pickets outside the Health Services Centre and the Victoria
General Hospital.
Strikebound facilities are now
off limits to students, including
the university's libraries and
clinical facilities.
"Our commitment to the
strike is that we abide by the
unions' wishes that we do not cross
the lines," said Jenniece Larsen,
the U of M's director of nursing.
Bev Anderson, president of
the Graduate Students Association, said that despite the cancellation of clinical experience,
nursing students and the student
council are in supportof the strike.
"(Their demands) are reasonable," Anderson said. "Manitoba
is one of the lowest paid provinces.
It's also a lot more than the financial aspects. There are a lot of
other factors."
Nurses are askingfor a 27 per
cent raise over a two-year period,
and want more input in determining patient care. The province is
offering 20 per cent over three
years and pay equity.
Although the students support the demands, they're not sure
how the strike, which began
January 1, will affect their schooling.
Clinical experience has been
temporarily suspended as access
is no longer available. This work
experience is currently being replaced by in-university activities
including computer-based simulation, seminar presentations,
take-home assignments and extra essays.
Caroll Thain, head of the
Nursing Students Association,
said the university will offer
nursing students the opportunity
to make up the missed rotation.
"The university will try to
make up all clinical experience for
those that want to do so " she said.
Generator pioneered at U of T
by Jennifer Morrow
TORONTO (CUP) — The University of Toronto is planning to build
an energy-saving cogeneration
plant in a bid to saving money on
heating costs and reduce pollution.
A proposal for a $10.4 million
cogeneration facility—which increases the efficiency of burning
natural gas—has passed the
university's Business Board and
has only to wait for Governing
Council (GC) approval.
If approved, U of Ts cogeneration project will be the first at
a university in Canada.
"We hope to start by late fall,
1992," said Jorn Braches, director
of U of Ts Utilities Division of
Facilities and Services.
Currently, the university
buys natural gas and burns it for
steam at the St. George Campus.
The university also buys electricity, which costs about five times
more than natural gas per unit,
for lightingand other applications.
With cogeneration, the same
quantity of natural gas burned
would produce both steam for
heating and electricity. This would
reduce the university's electricity
expenses and cut pollution from
coal and nuclear generated
sources. It would also more than
double the efficiency ofthe natural gas burning.
At the next GC meeting in
February, the B usi ness Board will
recommend that the GC approve
the project and recommend that
the university borrow the $10.4
million needed to build it. Ontario
Hydro has promised to pay $6
million ofthe cost over a period of
20 years.
The university currently pays
about $9 million per year on electricity and about $2.3 million per
year on gas, said Richard Criddle,
vice-president of administration.
"It's purely how can we bring the
bills down."
Frankie Wood, a member of
the U of Ts summer Environmen
tal Youth Core, said she applauds
the move by Physical Plant even if
it is only for cost-effective purposes.
"Physical Plant is always
concerned about money. I think
it's a very good route environmentally. You're using energy that
would normally be lost," said
Criddle said environmental
considerations were a factor.
"Within the system is a way
of decreasing some of the emissions," Criddle said.
Nab Mikhail, spokesperson of
Ontario Hydro, said Hydro is willing to help the project financially
because it is a better use of resources for the same price.
Mikhail said the money Hydro is offering the university for
the cogeneration project is "based
on what we would have paid had
we gone to a supply option.
"The alternative would be
nuclear or coal, and each has its
own disadvantages."
Commission seeks student input
TORONTO (CUP)—Keith Spicer
is sending out "commandos for dialogue" to get students talking, but
his guerrillas are firing blanks.
The chair ofthe Citizen's Forum on Canada's Future, or the
Spicer commission as it is more
popularly known, said he is trying
to get Canadian students talking
about the state ofthe nation. The
commission is trying to get student newspapers to publish an
article, for free, talkingabouttheir
role in nation-building.
Apparently the youth of
Canada have something unique to
offer. "It's time for students to take
the lead again, because the older
generations may have so fouled
things up that the country needs
an entirely new way of thinking
about itself," Spicer said in the
"I know what students can
accomplish—their ideals and
drive—and, yes, even their "innocence'—are powerful antidotes for
the tired cynicism which clogs the
brains cells (sic) of every establishment."
Ontario Federation of Students chair Tim Jackson is not
only cynical, he is downright hostile.
"I think (the article) is extremely paternalistic," he said. "I
think he's way off base. The whole
thing stinks of Mulroney and sti nks
ofthe Tory agenda."
Jackson said the absence of
students from the  12-member
commission indicates just how interested the government is in student concerns. And, he added, it is
unlikely that the federal government will listen to what people
have to say.
Meanwhile, charges of slipshod work bear up under scrutiny.
According to Tobie Myers, external relations officer at Simon
Fraser University's student council, SFU was given little notice
about setting up a meeting. The
commission arrives in Vancouver
"We were only contacted a few
days ago," Myers said.
As a result, the student council has refused to cooperate with
the commission. "We don't believe
that the commission is going to
accomplish anything,"Myers said.
"We don't think its an effective
means to voice our concerns."
Not surprisingly, the commission is also getting a frosty reception from Quebec students. Robert
Fabes of the Federation des
etudiantes et etudiants du Quebec, an association representing
100,000 Quebec students, said
FEEQ will help set up discussion
groups for the commission, but it
will not take a stand.
"A number of our schools feel
like this commission is like a slap
in the face, they feel that it indicates a lack of respect," he said.
The .government should have
waited for the results of the provincial Belanger-Campeau com
mission before striking a federal
The Belanger-Campeau commission was set up by the Quebec
Liberals to determine Quebec's
future, and Quebec students seem
to be in danger of being commissioned to death.
Despite the negative sentiments expressed by student groups
from across the country, Citizen's
Forum officials remain optimistic.
Pat McKinna, a graduate student
at the University of Ottawa and
student liaison officer for the commission, said she thinks students
will recover from their cynicism.
There were charges of poor
student representation at the outset, and she was appointed to her
position in early January to remedy that, she said.
McKinna is confident that
there will be a great deal of student input because of the work
being done with student councils
and youth groups. "CFS (the Canadian Federation of Students)
represents 400,000 kids across the
country" and meeting with them
was an effective way to hear about
student issues, she said.
Evidently Spicer does. His article closes with this parting shot,
"You can, of course, stay quiet now.
If you do, then later you will have
to endure without complaint the
country others will have defined
and decided for you. Canada is
your country: Act for it today or
pay for it tomorrow."
February 5,1991 NEWS
MEPAC stresses education
by Lucho van Isschot
Education will play a prominent role if the peace movement is
to gain momentum, according to
speakers at a conference on the
Gulf War hosted by Vancouver's
Middle-East Peace Action Coalition (MEPAC).
More than 300 people turned
up at VCC's Langara Campus on
Sunday for the conference which
began with a series of speeches
and concluded with workshops
designed to formulate MEPAC's
anti-war strategy.
Mordecai Briemberg, a
founding member of MEPAC, expressed concern about the general
public's access to information on
the Gulf War. Education, he concluded, will play a key role in the
peace movement.
On the subject of education,
Simon Fraser University professor Mason Harris said, "There is a
conspiracy to prevent us from seeing the people of Iraq as real."
According to Harris, carefully
chosen phrases such as "Desert
Storm" and "Desert Shield" create
the image of Saddam Hussein
standing alone in an empty,
unpopulated desert. Such phrases
do not tell us that the port town of
Bazra—a civilian target—was recently carpet bombed, Harris said.
Moreover, Harris said such
phrases do not reveal that "a giant
U.S. military base is beingbuilt in
north-eastern Saudi Arabia."
Arab scholar Emile Nuko
said, "The history of the Middle
East has been fraught with foreign
interference, seeking to impose
its own will."
Nuko added that as such, the
Gulf War is the most recent chapter in a saga of neo-colonial penetration into the Arab world.
In an ominous tone, Harris
warned, "The news that isn't being shown now will eventually
have to be shown."
Discussions over the Gulf War
generated strong passions
amongst those assembled.
Perhaps the most important
question raised at the conference,
one which must be answered immediately, was how can popular
dissent be channeled into practical, political action.
This question hung over the
conference as it broke into small
workshops on topics ranging from
'The Myth of Canada's Role as
Peacemaker' to 'Civil Disobedience.'
The conference will be followed by a series of events organized by MEPAC including a linkup with Seattle peace activists
under the Peace Arch at the
Douglas border crossing tentatively set for February 21.
Natives critique green movement
by Mark Nielsen
environmentalists are still growing into, care ofthe land is a fundamental aspect of native culture,
a group of student environmentalists at UBC was told on January 23.
According to Gary Merkel of
the Tahltan First Nation near
Telegraph Creek in north eastern
B.C.: "It is an essence of who you
(Native peoples) are. Even if you
are what we would call an assimilated person, it is an essence of
who you are. You've picked it up
Many environmentalists, on
the other hand, are "growing into
it, possibly looking for a cause,"
although there is an increasing
number of non-Native people born
into similar philosophies.
"That's a real bad generalization (about environmentali sts) but
a lot that I've worked with are,"
Merkel said. "And as I said, this is
an essence of self versus an essence of process where you evolve
and you're learning and you've
got this sense of idealism and this
sense of learning and you're trying to grow into it."
Merkel, also manager of resource development for Indian and
Northern Affairs Canada, was one
of three panelists the Student Environment Centre invited for a
forum on the Native view of the
environment movement. Kate
Zimmerman, an anthropology
graduate from UBC, and Cliff
Atleo, a Clayquot from Vancouver
Island, rounded out the panel.
"I'm not saying that Native
people can necessarily achieve the
goals of living in that (philosophy)
today, but I'm saying there is a
fundamental difference there,"
Merkel said. "It is either something you grow into or something
you're born and raised with."
However, although he sees
most environmentalists as being
opposed to development, Merkel
said most Native people are for it,
so long as the project meets four
basic principles: It must be completely environmentally sound; it
cannot compromise or prejudice
outstanding land claims; it must
be respectful of traditional
lifestyles; and local people must
be given preference for hiring in
regards to both construction and
servicing, once the project is completed.
Merkel said the Tahltans won
an award for the environmental
compatibility of a road that was
built through their lands in
northeastern B.C. after the number of crossings was cut down to
three creeks from three major rivers and 16 creeks.
"I'm not saying that Native
peoples would never mess up, but
I am saying that in most instances,
Native peoples would do a better
job," Merkel said.
Atleo, meanwhile, said that
while Native peoples and environmentalists have cooperated on
many issues, they have also been
at loggerheads on others, includ
ing harvesting seal furs in the
A year after protests from
groups in Europe effectively ended
the hunt, Greenpeace apologized
to the Inuit who were affected for
taking away a source of livelihood.
"In a very small period of time,
when employed, you can make up
to $3,000," Atleo said. "$3,000 is a
lot of money to us."
Given the high unemployment rate among native peoples,
Atleo said that Native peoples
cannot be opposed to economic
development. However, they are
also in favour of resource management.
"Some cultures have a seven
generation plan," he said. "That
is, as each generation comes along,
it plans the management of its
resources to ensure that seven
generations down the road, there
will still be something in place to
sustain our people."
SEC member Max Collett said
the necessity ofthe need for economic development among Native
peoples had the biggest impact on
hi m, and that self government and
native ownership is needed to
carry it out.
"I real ly agree with what they
had to say," Collett said. "I'm an
environmentalist, but we have a
high standard of living and they
have a right to the same. I think
that only through self government
and native ownership, will they
be able to reach those goals while
maintaining those principles related to the environment."
Goddess to stand at UBC
by Martin Chester
Plans for a Goddess of Democracy Statue, to be erected between the Student Union Building
and the Aquatic Centre, are in
their final stages, according to
those involved.
The Goddess of Democracy, a
variation on the theme of the
Statue of Liberty, became the
symbol of the pro-democracy
movementin China when student
protestors erected one in
Tiananmen Square almost two
years ago.
Richard Lee ofthe Vancouver
Society in Support ofthe Democracy Movement, which is involved
with the organization along with
the AMS and the Federation of
Chinese Students and Scholars,
said the plans were not finalized
The sticking point has been
the material the statue would be
made of. The VSSDM originally
proposed concrete, but the AMS
rejected that.
"We have now proposed to use
marble dust and an epoxy," Lee
said. This material has been used
for the sculpture "Asiatic Head"
by Otto Fischer-Credo which is
adjacent to Freddy Wood theatre,
the Lasserre building and the
Music building.
The result ofthe marble dust
and the apoxy is a bone white
material with a hard, dull finish.
From a distance it looks somewhat
like plaster.
He said the plans had to be
accepted by the President's Advisory Committee on Art, which is
headed by UBC professor of Civil
Engineering Saul Cherry.
Co-ordinator of external affairs Jason Brett confirmed that
the plans were not far from being
finalized and the groups were
waiting to hear from the
president's committee.
"The proposedunveilingisfor
June fourth, the second anniversary ofthe massacre," Brett said.
The final plans will be announced
at a press conference in mid-
"We've got conditional approval to place the statue between
SUB and the Aquatic Centre," he
said. "Now we're just finalizing
the technical details."
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Thunderbirds gored by horny antelope
by Michael Booth
Just when you thought things
could not get any worse for the
Thunderbird hockey team they go
out and suffer not two but three
huge losses at the hands of the
cellar-dwelling University of
Lethbridge Pronghorns.
As well as absorbing defeats
of 5-4 and 8-4, to extend their losing streak to 'nine games—the
worst skid since 1980-81—they lost
Grant Delcourt to a knee injury
early in the second game. The T-
Bird captain and leading scorer
may be gone for the season, dealing a severe blow to UBC's playoff
On Saturday night, the T-
Birds twice came back from two
goal deficits and tied the score on
forward Charles Cooper's goal with
but two seconds remaining in the
second period. However,
Lethbridge wrapped up the win in
the third period when Pronghorn
centre Brock Mura took a pass in
the slot andbeat T-Bird goal tender
Ray Woodley low to the stick side.
Alack of finish around the net
hurt UBC as they outshot
Lethbridge 51-28. Forwards Mike
Kennedy, Jeff Crossley and Perry
Neufeld rounded out the UBC
scoring while centre Shane
Mazutinec led the Pronghorns with
a pair of breakaway goals.
On Sunday afternoon
Lethbridge centre Dana
McKechnie did all the damage,
scoring four consecutive goals in
the second period to wrap up the
sweep for the Pronghorns.
McKechnie finished the weekend
with five goals and one assist and
was named the Canada West
player ofthe week for his efforts.
McKechnie's line-mate, Kevin
Yellowaga, chipped in with five
assists in Sunday's contest.
The T-Birds started out
strongly and led 2-0 after five
minutes on a pair of goals by forward Dean Holoien but were unable to hold off the Lethbridge attack. Centre Scott Fearns added a
pair of third period goal s but it was
not enough to prevent Lethbridge
from sweeping a pair of road games
for the first time since they joined
the Canada West conference seven
years ago.
T-Bird coach Terry O'Malley
said the latest losses could result
in some changes to the team's lineup.
"I think we have to look at
some (junior-varsity) players,"
O'Malley said. "The line-up that
carried us in the first half, its hard
to say, when things break down,
all parts of your game go with it.
"I think the thing that disappears first is the concentration to
Scott Feams (14) take the shortest route between two points in Canada West hockey
action Sunday.
stay on your game plan and you
start running around too much in
your own end."
Next up for the T-Birds is a
visit from the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies this
weekend. Face off is at 7:30 p.m. on
Friday and Saturday at the
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre.
UBC's Jay Barbene keeps a close eye on Lethbridge centre Dana McKechnie but      david sweet tatt loh photo
McKechnie escaped long enough to score five goals to lead a Pronghorn sweep of
weekend games.
T-Birds, Vikings stumble
in weekend B-ball action
by Mark Nielsen
Remember when Jed
Clampett, the less than introspective father on the television comedy The Beverly Hillbillies," would
hang his head after his nephew
Jethro would say or do something
that showed a total lack of intelligence?
Like clockwork, Jed would say
"one of these days, I'm gonna have
a talk with that boy."
Well Jed, there are a couple of
teams in Canada West men's basketball that could use your wisdom—namely the UBC
Thunderbirds and the University
of Victoria Vikings. Despite being
given ample opportunity to do so,
it seems that neither team wants
to finish in first place.
Take this weekendfor example.
The Thunderbirds split a two game
set with the lowly University of
Saskatchewan Huskies. The Vikings, meanwhile, dropped one of
two against the not-much-better
University of Alberta Golden Bears.
As a consequence, the T-Birds
and the Vikes are tied for first
place, with win-loss records of 12-
4, for the third week in a row.
Fortunately, shouldtheyfinishtied
with UVic at the end ofthe regular
schedule, the Thunderbirds get top
spot because they outscored the
Vikings by 11 points over the four
games they have played against
each other this season.
But hey Bruce Enns, coach of
the Thunderbirds, what gives?
"The first night we played really well, and ran a fast break
clinic," Enns said of UBC's 107-97
win on Friday night. "But the next
night, they went on a 22-4 run and
we never recovered. Every single
time it seemed that we would miss
a shot and then they would go
down to our end and either they
would score, or we would foul
Twelve minutes into the game,
three starters were in foul trouble,
and for much ofthe contest Enns
was forced to put national team
member J.D. Jackson alongside
four second-stringers. And so, UBC
fell, 116-94.
Enns mentioned, however,
that starter Al Lalonde missed the
trip because of an ear infection. No
one can say for sure, but consider-
ingLalonde'scompetitive instincts,
especially when the Thunderbirds
are lagging, UBC would not have
fallen behind like they did if he
were playing.
As for the Vikings, UVic coach
Guy Vetrie said it was a case of not
executing when they most needed
to, as they fell 89-81 on Saturday
night after winning 84-83.
"We simply did not play up to
potential," Vetrie said in a telephone interview on Monday.
As well, with the rest of the
Canada West playoff picture far
from being in focus, everyone is
looking for an upset. Even the last
place University of Calgary stole a
win from the University of
Lethbridge Pronghorns to stay in
the scramble for post-season play.
Scoring wise, UBC's Derek
Christiansen achieved a personal
season high of 29 points in the
opener, while Jackson scored 27
and contributed seven assists and
seven rebounds. Jason Leslie got
22 points and nine rebounds.
Jackson was top scorer on
Saturday night with 28 points, as
well as nine rebounds and seven
assists, while Jason Leslie drained
17 and Christiansen chippedin 16.
Two players, Brian Tait and David
Williscroft, got five assists each.
Lalonde is expected to be back
in action this Friday and Saturday
evening, and the Thunderbirds
hope to do much better against the
last place University of Calgary
Dinosaurs at War Memorial Gym.
Tip-off is 8:15 both nights.
Volley'Bird women
nipped by Huskies
by Gwen Parker
The top two teams in Canada
West women's volleyball went face
to face last weekend and while the
'Birds chipped away at
Saskatchewan's lead, the Huskies
reamained top dog in the conference.
The 'Birds defeated the University of Saskatchewan Huskies
on Friday night in four games, 15-
12, 12-15, 15-12, and 15-11. UBC
took the loss in Saturday's match,
which was closer, 15-7, 15-12, 11-
15, 8-15, and 14-16.
It was important to the 'Birds
that they win both matches, and in
a minimum number of games. Two
wins woul d have brought them into
a tie with the Huskies for first
place in Canada West. Their inability to capture the secondmatch
will most likely mean a trip to
Saskatoon for the playoffs.
Impressive defensive plays,
hard hitting, and plenty of stuff
blocks made both matches exciting
for players, coaches, and spectators
Despite the Huskies' loss on
Friday, their power hitters stole
the show. Crystal Torgunrud
pounded 27 kills, while teammate
Leanne Sander came away with
The 'Birds hitting statistics
were more significant on Saturday
evening. Player ofthe game Sonya
Wachowski put away 17 kills and
played aggressive, intuitive defense throughout the match.
Power     hitter     Sheilagh
Gillespie was a standout all weekend, and was recognized on Friday
with player of the game honours.
Gillespie attributed
Saturday's loss to poor service reception, and pointed out that
Saskatchewan was not beatable
as long as UBC was forced to run a
high-ball offence.
The Huskies are a well unified,
communicative team that does not
leave many holes on the court. A
quicker offence was definitely
necessary to challenge
Saskatchewan's defense.
Regarding the loss,
Wachowski said, "We became
tentative when they started to
challenge us." Wachowski was
pleased that the 'Birds defended
the Husky power hitters more effectively on Saturday, but added
"their middle blockers were a bigger factor in the second match."
Wachowski also pointed out
that this was the first pressure
situation the Third's have been in
without starting middle blocker
Sarah Cepeliauskas—injured for
the past month. Pat Voracek and
Mary Stothard have proved to be
two good back-ups in this position.
Assistantcoach Scott Handley
said, "The team showed a new level
of maturity by remaining positive."
He emphasized that the next step
is maintaining a steady level of
good ball control.
UBC will travel to Calgary
this weekend, and host Lethbridge
the following weekend, as this
Canada West season quickly draws
to a close
Sheilaugh Gillespie digs deep against
Saskatchewan Saturday.
February 5,1991 SPORTS
Thunderbird "rookie" has plenty of experience
by Matthew Clarke
Although Randy Wagner is in
hi s fir st year with the Thunderbird
men's volleyball team, he is probably the most experienced rookie
in the history of Canadian university volleyball.
After six years as a member of
Canada's national volleyball team
and five seasons competing in the
European leagues, the 31 year old
Wagner has come to UBC to pursue his education full time and to
lend his considerable skills to the
T-Bird volleyball team.
The decision to come to UBC
this year was a natural one for the
6'4" Prince George native.
"First of all, I always wanted
to come back to school, and I knew
my career was over overseas so
this was the year to get back into
it," Wagner
said. "Also, I've
known Dale
(coach Ohman)
for a few years
and we'd
talked about
this before."
After high
Wagner spent
two years
playing volleyball and going
to school at
both Langara
College and
the College of
before joining
the Canadian national team in the
summer of 1980. For the next five
years he was a full time athlete,
training at the national team's
head quarters in Calgary and representing Canada in numerous international matches as a play-set
The highlight of this part of
Wagner's career was the 1984
Olympic Games in Los Angeles
where the Canadian team placed
fourth, narrowly missing the
bronze medal to Italy in the consolation final.
In the fall of 1985, after a year
of school at San Diego State University and another summer with
the national team, Wagner headed
to Italy where he pi ayed for Catania
in the Italian league.
Wagner calls the Italian
league the best run and best fi-
nanced league in the world and
says the level of play is very similar to international competition.
In Catania he played with the setter ofthe Argentine national team
as the two foreign players allowed
on each team.
Returning home in the summer of 1986, Wagner had his last
taste of international volleyball
with the national team and returned to Catania in the fall of that
year where he enjoyed what he
calls the "professional atmophere"
of being taken care of and having
to worry only about performance.
Wagnertransferredto Cannes
ofthe French league for the 1987/
88 season and planned to play in
Lennik, Belgium the next year.
Injuries forced him to miss virtually all ofthe 1988/89 season, how-
i-ver, and he
was notable to
pi ay again
until the
M-cond half of
the 1989/90
reason when
he finished his
c.ireer in
Belluno, Italy.
R e -
turning to
•school and
giving up life
as a full time
athlete is a
change of
lifestyle for
Wagner that
takes     some
getting used to.
"School is so different from
what my whole life has been,"
Wagner said. "(As an athlete) you
don't develop your intellect. It's
the opposite end of the spectrum
as far as the way I challenge myself."
Attracted to engineering because of the unique challenge it
represents, Wagner has studied
part-time at four different institutions and currently finds himself
between first and secondyear. With
a new focus on his studies, Wagner
hopes to complete his degree in
Electrical Engineering.
"Volleyball is not my first priority for the first time since high
school," said Wagner.
He calls school his top priority
now and mentions the change in
lifestyle can be difficult and that
Randy Wagner (3) is lending his considerable talents to the T-Bird cause this season.
"you have to be comfortable with
what your doing."
Injuries and time have reduced
Wagner's ability to compete at the
level demanded overseas and in
international competition. When
asked if he would prefer to be back
with the national team, Wagner is
honest but realistic.
"Yeah, I'd consider it. It was a
lot of fun," said Wagner. "At this
point I don't think my body would
handle the work load very well."
As for his contribution to the
Thunderbirds, Wagner believes
he can compete well at the CIAU
level and provide more to the
team than just his on court performance.
"When I think something
needs to be said, I say it. It's gone
really well up to this point, (Although) I can't be totally happy
with the way I'm playing," he said.
So far thi s season Wagner has
seen time at the power hitter, play-
set hitter, and middle blocker positions. Although attimes frustrated
by physical limitations imposed on
him by past injuries, Wagner is
contributing all he can and
benefitting by getting a close look
at university volleyball for the first
"This team gives me a feel for
what coaching would be like at the
university level," Wagner said.
With his international career
now over and a new focus on education to prepare for life after volleyball, sportisonce again ahobby
for Randy Wagner.
T-Birds send Huskies howling
by Matthew Clarke
The UBC Thunderbird men's
volleyball team kept their play-off
hopes alive by winning two
matches and leaving the visiting
University of Saskatchewan Huskies howling at the moon.
On Friday night, the 'Birds
easily swept the second place Huskies 3-0 with scores of 15-12,15-6,
and 15-11. UBC was leadby Charles
Hebert who had 14 kills while Rob
Hill chippedin with another 13 and
Kelly Bukowski 11.
Saturday's match was closer
due to the Huskies improved execution of their offense. The 'Birds
won the first game 15-11 but
dropped the second by an identical
score when starting first year
power-hitter Conrad Leinemann
suffered a sprained ankle.
In the third game UBC started
quickly, gaining a 7-1 lead and
won the match 15-6. The 'Birds
won the match in the fourth game
thanks in part to a seven point run
which took them from a 3-5 deficit
to a 10-5 lead. Statistically, Randy
Wagner led all hitters with 19 kills,
followed closely by Hill with 18.
Bobby Smith, Kelly Bukowski, and
Jason Bukowski all made eight
kills each.
UBC coach Dale Ohman was
pleased with the weekend results
and, while crediting the offensive
prowess of the Huskies, said the
differencein Saturday's match was
his team's depth. This depth was
evident when Jason Bukowski capably replaced Leinemann in
Saturday's match.
"Jason made a few errors but
played really well," said Ohman.
"There was a lot of pressure on
Veteran middle blockers
Smith and Kelly Bukowski also
received praise for their steady play
as they had 13 stuffblocks between
"Both middle blockers had
solid games," said Ohman. "When
they dig and keep balls alive it's a
bonus for us."
First year setter Kelly
Cooksley was named player ofthe
game Saturday and after the match
was relieved at the 'Birds success
this weekend.
pressure off," Cooksley said. "It's
good to know we could play with
those guys. We lost 3-0 both nights
last time we played them."
The play-off pressure, however, is still on as the Thirds must
win all four of their remaining
league matches to guarantee a first
place finish.
On the bright side, the team
established this weekend that they
can perform well under pressure.
Dave Farrell should be ready this
weekend and Leinemann's ankle
is not considered serious enough to
keep him out of action.
The team visits the first place
University of Calgary Dinosuars
this weekend and their next home
match is Saturday, February 16
against the visiting Hosei University team from Tokyo, Japan.
Rob Hill (10) puts the ball past a leaping
Saskatchewan defense in volleyball action Saturday.
February 5,1991
Women fencers stay sharp
performing Friday & Saturday
surfs urn
FEB. 11-17
Every Wednesday is Student Night
- free admission to the club with STUDENT ID.
932 GRANVILLE 684-7699
BudKanke. CA: President. Kanke Seafood Restaurant Ltd
The restaurant business for many is an expensive
lesson in risk management. Not so for Bud Kanke.
In 1971. with a $900 savings balance. Bud and several
partners gave Vancouver diners the city's first upmarket
seafood experience. The Cannery.
Mulvaney's followed in 1975. Seafood with a dash
of Southern spice. Viva in 1979. A classic supper club. In
1984, The Ninth Ave. Fishmarket. Then Joe Fortes, in
1985. Seafood downtown style.
The menu grows. And now Kanke Seafood Restaurant Ltd., with some 300 employees, reels in annual
sales of nearly $10 million. _-  -»
Along the way. Bud Kanke has earned
the deserved reputation of a man with the skills
by Greg Sivucha
The UBC women's varsity
fencing team is undergoing a major transition this year, but enthusiasm remains high and the
future of fencing at UBC looks
Due to the loss of several
graduating members from last
year's team, the women's team
consists of only three fencers. The
team has remained active, however, competing in various open
tournaments throughout B.C.
since September.
First-year captain Sarah
Thornton has been particularly
noteworthy, placing sixth in the
University of Victoria's Derek
Tumbler Open in October. Although this is Thornton's first year
as a member ofthe team, her experience includes fencing for
Vancouver's Vanguard Club for
three years. Her teammates there
included Canada's Laurie Shong,
a past winner ofthe world junior
fencing title.
Generally, the women fencers
compete individually in open
tournaments sponsored by recreation  leagues  throughout  the
province. The tournaments typically draw fencers competing for
community-based clubs from
Washington, Alberta, and
throughout B.C.
Thornton acknowledges that
this year "has been a transition
year for the team," however she is
"optimistic about the future of
fencing at UBC."
Citing enthusiastic participation in the AMS sponsored
Fencing Club, Thornton predicts
a resurgence ofthe sport in future
years. The Fencing Club—which
provides instruction and generous
practice time for the members—
has had consistently high turnout
from its 30 members this year.
The club also organizes intra-club
fencing tournaments to allow
practical experience for the
Because a large proportion of
club members are male, there has
been speculation ofthe formation
of a varsity men's fencing team by
as early as next year. However,
according to UBC director of athletics Joanne Jones, budget constraints may delay or even prevent
the funding of a men's team.
Jones adds that realistically,
to transform the most modest opportunities into
prize catches.
He credits his CA for providing him the base to
develop his entrepreneurial strengths. "It gives me discipline ... going by instinct is one thing, but there's merit
in managing with good, sound numbers'.'
Bud Kanke. CA with a string of seafood restaurant
If you think a future in chartered accountancy
would serve your career ambitions, write the Institute of
Chartered Accountants of B.C.
Our standards are higher.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
1133 Melville Street. Vancouver. B.C. Vriii -1F.5
Telephone: ((501) (Wl -32(54 Toll-free 1 -800-6(;3-2(i77
Bud Kanke's CA
helped him acquire
his taste in seafood
a decision about the formation of a
men's varsity team will not be
made until next year. Jones added
that she recognizes "the importance of a program on campus
which allows students to continue
competing in a community based
The women's team, together
with the Fencing Club, will be
hosting the annual Lazar Open on
February 16 and 17 at UBC's
Osborne Gyms. Traditionally, this
event has been well supported by
both the university and the community. The tournament is expected to draw teams and individuals from Alberta, Washington, Oregon, and B.C.
win four
in a row
by Mark Nielsen
Talk about coming through
in the crunch.
The UBC Thunderbirds all
but clinched a playoff spot in
Canada West women's basketball
with a two game sweep of the
University of Saskatchewan
Huskies in Saskatoon on the
weekend—posting victories of 76-
55 and 63-49.
Tack on two victories over the
University of Alberta Pandas the
weekend before, and the
Thunderbirds sit in sole possession of fourth place with a win-
loss record of 6-10.
And although the chances of
moving into third are slim, the
Thunderbirds would be eliminated
from the playoffs only if they lost
all four of their remaining league
games while Alberta, now at 4-12,
won all of their's.
"I don't know what their players are thinking, but their coach
is thinking we're in the playoffs,"
said UBC coach Misty Thomas.
Reaching the playoffs aside,
Thomas was particularly proud of
how they did it—by snapping a
nine game losing streak at a time
when, if they did not win their
next four games, the season would
be over.
"They just started playing really well, and won when they had
to win," Thomas said. "I think it
would have been just as easy to
say 'well, we haven't won all
season' and buckle under and lose
and just try again next year.
"And it wasn't just the seniors—even the rookies, who have
four more years ahead of them to
win a championship, got the ball
rolling when they could have just
as easily given up."
Neither win over the Huskies
was what could be called "pretty,"
said Thomas, but "it's always more
fun to win ugly than lose pretty."
Second year guard Lisa Nickle
led the scoring on Friday night
when she sunk five of seven three
point shots en route to collecting
22 points. Devanee Peterson followed up with 22 points, while
Jana Jordan got six assists and
Karen Borsutzky yanked down
eight rebounds.
Nickle and Elissa Beckett
shared top gun honours on Saturday night when each canned 13
points. Nickle also chipped in five
assists, while Lorraine Marken
got 11 points and seven rebounds.
The Thunderbirds host the
University of Calgary Dinosaurs
thi s Friday and Saturday evenings
at War Memorial Gym—tip-off at
6:30 on both nights.
February 5,1991 ODDS & SODS
Sweet offerings from the ESS
by Effie Pow
Sometimes you have to
stretch your imagination and
lose a little money to deal with
apathy. In this case, the UBC
English Students' Society
decided to put on a play.
A Taste of Honey
Kitsilano House Hall
February 6-9
"The past few years we've
put on a few beer gardens, but
never anything like this," said
Alberto Rubio, the
vice-president ofthe ESS.
The ESS's production of A
Taste of Honey by Shelagh
Delaney is an effort to get
students (particularly those in
the English department) involved, according to Rubio.
"We held informal chats
with professors and other such
literary things, but they haven't
gone over very well," Rubio said.
"The English students—they're
an apathetic bunch. I've had
some experience in theatre, so I
know it can be fun, and it'll bring
students together and get them
As a first production, A
Taste of Honey conveniently
suited the ESS. "As it happened,
the play is about young people,
written by a young person. The
English club was behind me from
the start when I suggested the
idea last year. We expect to lose
about $500, but it's worth doing."
And when you decide to fight
apathy, you reach a certain point
when you can't turn back. "We're
very excited—if not nervous—
because it's looming; we're really
going to do the show. The last
preparations are coming together. We started in October
and sometimes improvised along
the way, but everyone pitched in
to help," said Rubio.
A Taste of Honey is a testing
ground for the ESS. Rubio hopes
there will be more productions in
the future as a result.
6255 West Boulevard
4387 West 10th
We Also Have A Fully Stocked Service Department
US lured Iraq
into war
Contrary to what most people
might think the present conflict
in the Persian Gulf is not without
good reason, nor is it solely the
work of Saddam Hussein. The
events ofthe last decade that have
led to the present situation are
too well known to think that
Saddam is simply some power
hungry lunatic in an apoplectic
rage. Saddam is no more than an
actor with a big ego on a bigger
stage directed by the US and Israel.
They were the ones who,
fearing the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, encouragedhimtoat-
tack Iran, and, along with the
Europeans, supported him' with
weapons throughout that eight
year war. At the same time they
jointly sold weapons to Iran. And
when Saddam used chemical
weapons on the Iranians and
Kurds no one raised a stink.
But about this time last year
he threatened to "consume half of
Israel with fire." Then came news
of his plans to acquire a "super
gun" and atomic bomb triggers.
Clearly he was getting too big for
his britches. Soon he would get his
hands on some very destructive
weapons and pose a serious threat
to Israel and the entire oil producing region. But how to get rid of
him with the backing ofthe international community? Easy: feed
his big ego with the idea of invading Kuwait, and once he does use
that as a pretext to wipe him out
once and for all.
The US ambassador to Iraq
officially told Saddam a few weeks
prior to the invasion ofKuwaitthat
"We will not take sidesinanyborder
disputes." That was the official
line, what was said in private is
likely nothing short of outright exhortation to invade Kuwait and
assurance of US neutrality.
The US and Israel now stand
in good position to achieve their
objectives, namely: to destroy
Saddam's war machine in its entirety, including all the associated
industries; to ensure a strong demand for western arms by the
other rich gulf countries for at
least the next decade or two; and
finally, to keep Israel well funded
and in pursuit of its expansionist
policies. A war now, before any
further proliferation of nuclear
weapons, would enable them to
realize their true ambition of
taking possession "from the Nile
to the Euphrates."
As in the movies, the light,
cameras, and stage are all set,
then come the action. If only the
movies had real blood, then maybe
Bush and Shamir would be content with peace—a prospect not
inconceivable by way of continued
economic sanctions or an International Peace Conference on the
Middle East.
Amir Izad
Med 3
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necessary, students from all faculties are invited to apply.
Positions are available in the Lower Mainland, Vancouver Island and the
interior. Recruiting representatives will be on campus February 6th - 9th. Call
now to get more information!!
February 5,1991
THE UBYSSEY/9 Peace Pillage
Welcome to Engineering week.
Sunday night, as part of a scavenger hunt, called Skulk
night, groups of engineers pillaged the Peace Camp set up
on the lawn of the Vancouver Art Gallery—they were
instructed to bring back "anything" from this camp.
What they took were the symbols of peace that the
protestors, mostly high school kids, who have battled the
elements in the weeks since the gulf war started, had set up
in protest ofthe Gulf War.
Theengineers took their signs, the candles litin vigil for
the dead and dying, and various other articles in the name
of "fun". They destroyed some of what they di d not take with
The engineers involved must have thought it was some
sort of stunt—a prank. It wasn't. Just like the other actions
that some engineers have thought were "funny" over the
years and were not. Like the attack on Natives in last year's
nEUSlettre. Like the homophobic remarks constantly promoted by engineering publications. Like the Godiva ride,
and the other senseless attacks that some hateful engineers
have inflicted upon women.
Amidst all of this, some engineers have been playing
out an incredible farce. They pathetically cried out against
the "discrimination" and "stereotyping" inflicted upon them
and have claimed that their freedom of speech has been
What about the women, gays, natives, people of colour,
or members of other minorities, who have been silenced
through the actions of people acting under the banners of
engineering and other socially regressed groups? People
have been punched, kicked, raped, fired and hated for being
a part ofthe minorities that some engineers choose to attack
and display intolerance towards.
For the most part, the outspoken engineering "pranksters" are straight, white males. What do they know about
discrimination? What do they know about being raped, or
having the shit beat out of them for no reason other than
their sexual orientation or the colour of their skin? Who are
they to demand our sympathy because the general population
is disgusted by their antics? They have a choice, but the
groups they choose to attack do not.
Itis true that not all engineering activities are hurtful.
Engineering food drives and fundraisers are some of the
most successful of all campus groups. But this does not
justify the pain and humiliation that some engi neers choose
to inflict on others for the remaining days ofthe year.
It is also true that there are engineers who do not
participate in destructive engineering acti vi ties, who refuse
to promote hateful attitudes. Still, those engineers have to
accept a responsibility for the actions of the few who are
their leaders and spokespeople. By wearing the Godiva
patch on their chest, other engineers support the discrimination and hate-mongering. By not voici ng their opposition
to the promotion of these injustices, other engineers must
also bear the guilt. They must accept that the public will see
the actions under the EUS banner as representative of all
During engineering week hordes of engineers come out
and band behind the EUS flag. During engineering week
the campus become increasingly dangerous for women, for
the openly gay, and for those of colour.
the Ubyssey
February 5,1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
And our Lord, the A.M.S., spake unto the honourable
staff of the voice of lethargy. His sentences were full of
wisdom and psychobabble, "I curse you loathsome drabs to
psychiatric treatment* spake the lord unto Yggy King.
Yukie Kurahashi averted her gaze and wailed mightily,
Martin Chester attempted to stemherkeeningdirge. "Fascist
bastard" intoned a grovelling Paul Dayson beside a bush
that spontaneously combusted reducing Matthew "Fm obnoxious loud, vulgar, ill-kempt with a problem penis, Tigger,
the original and only Ugly American" Johnson to a cinder.
Gwen Parker gagged on the ashes that Michael Booth was
unceremoniously shovelling intoher mouth. Tim and Matt
flogged each other hoping for redemption. Rebecca Bishop
crushed the golden cow, Mark Nielsen, that Chung Wong
worshipped, shouting, "Thou shalt not or else!" Rick Hiebert
(spelt with a silent P)'s cup ranneth over Carla Maftachek
causing Effie Pow to genuflect furiously. Nadene Rehnby
exhausted her indulgences again whilst Lucho van Isschot
was sorely tempted. Don Mah, Ernie Stelzer and Matthew
Clarke partook in a crusade against the Anti-ChrEUSt but
only managed to disembowel Elai3ne Griffith and Andrew
Epstein. Raul Peschiera was crucified with guilt over David
Loh's premature ascension. Paul Gordon uttered a throaty
"god's wounds." Greg Sivucha went home to share his
stigmata with Steve Chan. Colin Maycock lit another cigarette causing irreparable damage to the God child within.
Rebecca Bishop   •  Michael Booth  •  Martin Chester
Paul Dayson  • Mark Nielsen
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Our apologies to Maurice Brennink, whose letter in The Feb. 1 Ubyssey was unceremoniously butchered, yea, hacked to a mere shadow
of its original being. Also, The Ubyssey re-christened Frank Kennedy. He was not interested in being Peter, and the culprit is burning
eternally even as you read this. And Ajay Agrawal is not, nor has he ever been a member of the EUS executive (bless him).
To Mr. Maycock:
I feel compelled to express my opinions regarding
the subject of your January
15 Ubyssey article: "the most
asinine of all pursuits—
sports." I completely disagree with your statements
depicting sports as inane,
useless human endeavours.
Organised sports serve many
useful purposes for their
numerous participants, not
the least of which are physical fitness and a harmless
means of venting one's accumulated frustrations. You
are grossly overemphasizing
the net resultof an organised
sporting contest and completely ignoring the efforts
and achievements which
contribute to this result. To
a certain extent, it is in fact
Tiow you play the game.'
Your description of
organised team sports as
"revolting" and "demeaning"
is completely ludicrous. A
team sport teaches its participants, especially young
people, about sportsmanship
and teamwork in addition to
the valuable lessons obtained from being an integral part of a group in pursuit of a common goal. Each
of these lessons are useful
for a human being expected
to function in the competitive
society we find ourselves
members of.
Your reference as teammates as "merely part ofthe
production process" shows a
complete misunderstanding
of the team concept. For
example, organised UBC
Intramural team events
such as the Arts "20 Relay
are primarily entered by
groups of friends, like the
team I have run on in the
past few years. Granted, we
want to win, but in no way
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
do we expect our teammates
to act as mere members in
this production process, sacrificing life and limb for a
singular goal. Instead, we
wish to funciton as a team of
friends, working together to
achieve the best result possible, while having fun and
getting some exercise.
Participation in sports,
and team sports in particular, is an important human
endeavour, teaching about
competition and participation as a member of a group,
while improving personal
fitness. In addition, the
mental release provided by
participation in sports could
possibly eradicate your apparent frustration at your
inability to apply mathematics.
Mike Slessor
Engineering Physics 4
Youth dominate
"I do not like to have
anybody say, "hey, he is willing to sacrifice lives.' I do not
want to see one kid lose his
life. Not one."
—George Bush, 7 Jan "91
The Cloud of doom on
the morning of January fifteenth parted momentarily
in Vancouver, and a human
warmth displaced the frigid
winter air. It was the student walkout and rally at
Burrard and Broadway to
protest Canadian policy in
the Persian Gulf.
Young students came
from all corners of
Vancouver, making up the
bulk ofthe crowd, and joined
with peace groups and others to remind policy makers
of their responsibility to humanity.
The banners, placards,
and flags, hung from rooftops, and paraded in the
streets, reading "Blood is
thicker than oil" and the
masked "Bush" figure leading a "Mulroney" figure on a
collar and chain, revealed
that the crowd did not buy
the government's pro-war
As the rally made a
move downtown, the army
of youth, aptly and literally
stopped the traffk.and triumphant cries of "we've
taken the bridge!"resounded
in and amongst the steel
The black cloaked,
scythe-bearing figure of
death parading amongst the
children made me reflect
grimly on Bush's quote.
For a handful of my
friends and me, the rally was
almost more significant as a
protest against apathy, but
right away, the most notable
aspect of the rally was the
youthfulness of the marchers. Most of them were in
the category of about thirteen to eighteen years of age.
We marveled at the determination and the willingness
of these young to participate,
as highschools from all over
Vancouver were represented
in large numbers. They cam
from as far away as Surrey
and Port Moody.
At the same time, we
were saddened by the seemingly negligible presence
from UBC. Apparently
Tuesday afternoon classes
took precedence.
What is it that sets our
student body apart from
students in other parts of
the worldandin other times?
Perhaps itis because as
children of the generation
with a cause, we were observers of that same generation abandoning consciousness for the material free-
for-all for the eighties.
Or, perhaps it is because
we are detached from the
realities that affect places
like Korea, China, and Eastern Europe directly.
Whatever the answer
may be, I have no more time
to contemplate how the voice
of our unbiased centers of
higher learning have been
silenced; I have an essay due
Kevin Brett
Arts 2
February 5,1991 "Do you see him
oppressing me??
That's what I'm on
President Strang(le)way:
In the Jan. 8 issue of The
Ubyssey, Kurt Preinsperg, AMS
president and PhD candidate in
political philosophy attributed an
argument to you. I will repeat it.
"When they abolished tuition fees
in Australia, the mix of student
backgrounds didn't change." Do
you really believe an analogy can
be drawn between this example
and your continuing raising of our
tuition? Lowering tuition fees will
not force poor people to go to university, but raising them will force
poor people not to go to university.
Keep the poor uneducated and keep
them forever oppressed. Return
us to the Middle Ages. Perhaps
King Brian will even knight you
once you have succeeded in turning UBC into an upper class prep
Grant Sparrow
Biochem 3
The Ubyssey will be
honouring the impending
visit ofthe
Spicer Commission
with a combined
"bzzr garden"
"jardin de bizre"
When?   Friday, Feb 8
at 4:00 pm
Where? SUB241k
Why?     So we can all do our
bit for Canadian
Who?    No Fun (the band)
Marley is dead!
Long live Marley!
Anniversaries have never
been of great importance to me.
I have always tended to view
demarcations of passages of
time, like birthdays, as cynical
attempts at forced happiness.
However, being the creature of
inconsistency that I am (read
as a "human being,") I find
myself having to abandon this
stance on this occasion, what
would have been the 46th
birthday of Robert Nesta
Marley, better known as brother
Bob Marley on Wednesday.
In the eleven or so years
that I have been listening to
Bob's music, I have come to appreciate andlove his songs more
and more. Like a fine vintage,
his tunes have aged gracefully,
the potency of the lyrics growing with each year. Songs like
"No Woman No Cry," still provide me with spiritual sustenance in times of distress, with
their ability to touch that body
of emotions that exists in us all.
Very few artists can speak in
such universal terms. And rest
assured that Bob's music is alive
and well from Canada to
This past summer, I was
able to fulfill a double-fantasy
of mine, that of attending the
reggae SUNSPLASH in Jamaica as well as making the
journey to the birthplace of Bob
in Nine Mile, St. Ann's Parish.
My route took me from Ki ngston
all the wayupintothegorgeous
"Garden Parish," with its lush
vegetation and fertile red soil.
This trek was the approximate
reversal of Bob's journey, yet
his was most certainly fraught
with many more obstacles than
was mine.
Sitting in the cloistered
comfort of the hills which surrounded Nine Mile, I was able
to get a small sense of the roots
from which Bob sprung. Children
here, from a very young age learn
to swing a machete and work their
"bush" (which is how Jamaicans
refer to their plots of land). Bob
was no exception, I am told by
Tauter, a gap-toothed local, who
quickly pointed out that Bob, even
at the height of his success would
come back to Nine Mile to farm
his bush. When asked what Bob
grew, Tauter tells me with a smile,
"everything: yam, potato, herb.
Soil here cana grow anyt'ing." I
slowly start to realize that leaving
Nine Mile was not a simple physical act but rather a psychological
undertaking requiring a separation from the security ofthe land.
In reality, Bob never left Nine
Mile, as reflected in his song
"Running Away"in which he sings
of planting his corn, and his repeated references to himself as a
farmer. When I would hear Bob
say this, I would dismiss it as an
attempt at contriving an "earthy"
image for himself. However, the
soil of Nine Mile proved me dead
The person of Bob Marley is
very much alive in Nine Mile. Itis
not to be found in the "touristy"
tomb where Bob is laid, nor can it
be found in the gift shop which
stands amidst the rustic scenery
like a visual distortion. Thespirit
lives with Bob's "uncle," who graciously rented us a room in his
home. ItliveswithBob'soldschool
teacher who remembers him as a
quiet boy who craved attention,
yet who was so soft-spoken that
"you had to craw] inside his mouth
to hear him." It is alive and flour
ishing in the herb patch which
grows behind his tomb, tended
to by local youths. There is no
need for Bob's music here for it
surrounds me. An artist can be
defined as one who communicates that which is mundane,
yet who does so in such a way as
to bring significance to it. Bob
Marley is an artist of this medium.
Bob Marley died in 1981, at
the young age of 36. He died not
of a "drug overdose" as some are
inclined to believe. He died of a
malignant cancer which proved
unresponsive to treatment. As
his death approached and all
hope became exhausted, Bob
expressed his desire to return
home to Nine Mile to pass on.
The circle was complete—from
the soil sprung, in death returned.
It is extremely apt that
Bob's birthday follows on the
heels of Development Week at
UBC. If anything can be gleaned
from Bob's music it is a cry for
universal justice and freedom
for all. Unfortunately for Jamaica and many other countries
this state has yet to be realized.
Jamaicais symbolized for me by
the bent man I encountered one
night in Port Antonio. As I
passed, he straightened up,
teeth protruding in an odd grin,
and thrust his hand toward me
in expectation. This is Jamaica—a somewhat crooked
country trying desperately in
one way or another to stick her
hand out in hopes of anything—
only to be many times ignored.
Perhaps we in the "developed
world" might pause on this day
for a brief moment, amidst our
comfort, and ponder our notions
of what is truly just.
Paul Waxman
Arts 3
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Room 206 (Council Chambers) SUB
Persuantto Code & Bylaws, Bylaw 3, Section
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1. receiving the financial statements of the
2. receiving & approving the preceding fiscal
year's financial statement duly approved
and reported on by the auditors,
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the ensuing fiscal year, and
4. receiving the Report of the President and
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All AMS members (yes, that means you) invited & encouraged to attend.
February 5,1991
Education systems alienate Natives
When Robert Berube finished grade school dS^^nc^ym^a7m
at age 13, he and a dozen of his friends were   Native school, they'll go through a
bussed from their small northern Quebec
Native reserve to the nearest high school.
Montreal (CUP)
But two years later, the 30-
kilometre daily trips came to an
"I dropped out," Berube said.
"I hated it; I hated the travelling,
I hated the school, the teachers
and the students. Everything. I
never felt right being there."
Berube was one of thousands
of Quebec Native students who
drop out of the province's high
schools every year.
Native leaders point to the
alarming 85 per cent high school
drop-out rate in some Native communities as proof that the school
system, which is
largely controlled
by non-Natives,
does not suit their
On average,
two-thirds of Quebec Native students
leave high-school
before graduating,       	
according to the
First Nations Education Council.
The Quebec Ministry of Education
reports that only 19 per cent ofthe
non-Native population drop out
before getting their diploma.
Only one in 12 Native students in Quebec will get to the
post-secondary level, while 25 per
cent of non-Native students will
be able to go on to university.
Native leaders say many
forces within the education system—such as underfunding and
institutionalized racism—are at
the root of the crisis.
"It's a system builtfor whites,"
said Lise Bastien, president for
the First Nations Education
Council. "The curriculum, the
teaching materials, all ignore the
history of the First Nations, their
values, and their specific needs."
Bastien said a restructuring
of the education system would
Native leaders say many forces within the
education system—such as underfunding
and institutionalized racism—are at the
root of the crisis.
also have to educate non-Natives
about aboriginal issues.
Children will very often leave
the grade school on their reserve
kind of culture shock, she said.
"It's the other students and
even the teachers who will make
that child ill at ease because they
don't always understand that they
must deal differently with someone who has a different   cultural
background  and
whose first language is often not
French," she said.
It would help,   	
she said, if course
curriculum would put more emphasis on teaching about the history of Canada's Native people.
"People end up knowing more
about South-American Indians
than about Canadian Indians,"
she said. "It doesn't make sense
that many Canadians live close to
a reserve without knowing what
band    lives
B   u   t
fi gh t i n g
against the
high drop-out
rate requires
not only taking  on   the
Konrad Sioui, Quebec regional chief of the Assembly of
First Nations, said poverty within
Native communities is the still
the biggest problem in the battle
against high drop-out rates.
"Natives quite simply lack the
material means to fight the racism and segregation that exists in
schools," Sioui said.
Native children who leave
Although the school is constantly adapting
to the needs of its population with special
sessions, one out of every three students
still drops out before graduating.
school will have a greater success
rate, said Gilbert Whiteduck, director of Education Services for
the Maniwaki reserve.
In 1980 the reserve opened
the doors to its Native-run high
school and has seen the number of
graduates in-
crease yearly.
come  a long
way in the last
t        .    ■,.. t -,-,. 10years "said
basic literacy courses and career counselling white duck.
"We now do
ourselves   at
     our high
school. We design our course curriculum, doour
administration work and hire our
own teachers."
Although the school is constantly adapting to the needs of
its population with special basic
literacy courses and career counselling sessions, one out of every
three students still drops out before graduating.
"Our students only spend 14
per cent of their time in school,"
he said. "The impact that a
student's family and his/her community is greater than that ofthe
school very often."
Whiteduck said an unstable
family life and poverty often make
it impossible for a student to pursue their studies.
"Some students just can't afford to go school because their
family needs them at home tohelp
out," he said.
their reserve to go to high school
only get $12 a month in allowance
and $150 a year bursary from the
provincial government to buy
supplies such as books.
Parents are expected also to
contribute to a child's education,
but if they are poor the children
quickly fall on hard times.
"You can be sure that if a
Native student goes to school
wearing an old dirty pair of pants
and a pair of running-shoes with
holes, s/he will automatically be
excluded by the other students,"
he said.
"Native kids are 10 times
more sensitive to being excluded
by other students because they're
not living in their communities
where they would normally feel
more secure."
But Native communities that
run every aspect of their high
February 5,1991


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