UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 27, 1975

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Array 'Huckster' touts giveaway
Canadian publisher Jack McClelland, calling himself
"essentially a huckster," offered
Wednesday to give his publishing
company to Canadian university
students for free.
McClelland made the offer at a
speech given at UBC as part of his
current speaking tour to promote
McClelland and Stewart's national
paperback book sale.
McClelland said if students
across Canada raise $2.5 million to
$3 million and deposited it in a nonprofit foundation, he will give his
company to the foundation.
He said students would be entitled to do whatever they wanted
with any profit under such an
arrangement, but students would
have no control, financial or
editorial, over the publishing
McClelland said he wanted to sell
the company soon to get around
federal inheritance tax laws and
because he simply wanted to get
out of the business and try
something else.
"After 30 years in the publishing
business, I've had it. I want to sell
insurance or something," he told
the audience of about 100.
He said federal inheritance taxes
are so high that if he died, the
company would have to be sold to
raise money to pay the taxes. And
Tax firms
are a
Tax service firms that pay quick
cash for unfiled income tax forms
and the rights to rebates are ripping off students and others who
come to them in desperation,
according to Vancouver tax consultants.
The firms claim in advertisements in the Vancouver Sun
that they will pay "quick convenient cash" for the forms but do
not mention they often pay only 50
per cent of the rebate the individual would receive if he or she
waited for government returns.
Some tax service firms pay only
10 per cent of the total rebate when
a client gives them his or her tax
forms, and another 40 or 50 per
cent when the firm receives the
rebate slip from the government.
The provincial consumers
services department is currently
seeking an injunction in the B.C.
Supreme Court against John's Tax
Services claiming "certain tax
buying practices are unconscionable."
A consumers services
representative said Wednesday
there are no safeguards under the
law referring to tax buying
practices. She declined further
comment due to the department's
court action.
Vancouver tax consultant Steve
Katz said Wednesday none of the
city's tax buying firms can  be
See page 9: SOME
the only people who would buy
quickly would be American
He said a foundation such as the
one he envisions is not subject to
inheritance taxes.
"I don't want to sell to foreign
interests, and I don't want the
government to take over. Unfortunately I haven't found
anybody in Canada I want to sell
to. I don't like Canadians all that
much — I don't like Canadian
"Students have more interest in
Canadian writing," he said.
"If college students don't
identify with the future more than
any other group, this country has a
serious problem," he said.
McClelland said the value of the
company is approximately $3
million. "I just want you to match
my gift," he said.
He also mentioned some of the
"smafl print" involved in the
giveaway. The company, although
owned by students, would have its
own set of directors with student
nominal representation at best,
he said.
"There won't be any student
radicals involved in running the
company," he said.
Students would also have no
editorial control. McClelland said
it was important that people with
some experience in the publishing
business be in charge.
Other "fine print" would call for
protection for employees and "a
reasonable pension for myself," he
Gary Moore, Alma Mater
Society external affairs officer,
and the university's representative
to the National Union of Students,
expressed interest in the idea.
"It would be a neat way to
finance the AMS," he said.
"It would have to be a non-profit
so we don't pay taxes on any profits
or dividends coming out of it.
"They'd have to have somebody
with enough smarts to make the
thing run," he said.
Moore said he would have to wait
to find out how other members of
NUS would feel about the idea.
"Three million wouldn't be hard
to raise. That would be a neat deal,
I'm in favor," he said.
McClelland    also    said    the
Canadian publishing industry is
not in as poor condition as is
thought by the public.
"The picture isn't entirely black.
On the whole, the outlook is not
bad," he said.
"The Ontario government came
through with the measures
needed," he said, referring to the
Conservative government's policy
of guaranteeing loans to publishers
through chartered banks.
He said the Alberta government,
whose province doesn't even have
See page 2: CANADA'S
Vol. LVI, No. 55      VANCOUVER, B.C., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1975
LUCKY UBC STUDENTS peruse pages of fine campus paper now in
its 56th great year. New reporters, photographers, clowns, cartoonists
and genii are always welcome in rag offices, SUB 241-K. Now's your
chance of a lifetime for fame glory and freebees.
Quorum leaves and so does Smith
Outgoing Alma Mater Society
vice-president Robbie Smith
resigned as chairman of the AMS
restructuring committee Wednesday after his report recommending a major restructuring of
the AMS executive failed to reach
council floor.
By the time his proposal was to
be discussed, a meagre quorum
had disappeared. Grad studies rep
Stephen Mochnacki told the two
council members remaining that
Smith's proposal, involving
replacing current executive
positions with several vice-
presidencies and assistant vice-
presidencies,  had  not  been  ap-
245 vouch for Kimball
Petitions opposing tenure denial
to assistant psychology professor
Meredith Kimball have been
signed by 245 students, Dave van
Blarcom, arts 4, said Wednesday.
Kimball, a developmental
psychologist and current Faculty
Association president, was denied
tenure before Christmas. She also
teaches an interdisciplinary
women's studies course.
Van Blarcom said students are
"trapped in a double bind because
departments tend to react
negatively to student interference,
and we don't want to damage her
position but we couldn't let it go by
without letting the department
know we feel Kimball to be an
asset to the university and object to
the tenure denial."
A petition is the only rational
way in which students can express
themselves, he said.
"I am pleased with the number
of signatures we got because I
think it is a good representation of
the students who would be really
interested and will hold more
weight with the department," van
Blarcum said.
The petitions will be given to
psychology department head Peter
Van Blarcom said he wants it
made clear, especially to the
department, that the petition was
not solicited by Kimball.
proved by the restructuring
Smith said he tried to organize at
least five meetings of the committee but no one attended so he
prepared his own restructuring
proposals and submitted them to
council. He said council's reaction
indicates the committee had little
confidence in him.
"I register extreme protest at
the lack of attendance at committee meetings," he said.
In other business, AMS coordinator Ron Dumont said 190
students submitted proposals for
renaming the After Five lounge in
SUB, but the four names recommended to council by the SUB
management committee were
Rejected names were: Skookum
Room, Sub Bacchus, Spit and Pendulum. The management committee had earlier rejected all
other submissions.
Dumont said the committee has
the power to rename the drinking
facility   and   distribute   100   Pit
tokens   to    the    student    who
suggested the winning name.
Council also passed a  motion
allowing cover charges for the
Saturday night Pit cabaret to
double from $1 to $2. AMS
treasurer Dave Theessen said the
extra charge will enable Pit
organizers to hire more expensive
Council narrowly rejected a
motion to pay two arts undergraduate society representatives legal fees for a threatened
law suit by a third AUS executive
A request by Gerald de Montigny
and Arlene Frances that council
reimburse the AUS $105 legal fees
was rejected by a one-vote margin.
Instead, the arts undergraduate
society will foot the entire $105
legal bill. The AUS had earlier
advanced the six defendents in the
case enough money to meet the
lawyer's deadline. Page 2
Thursday, February 27, 1975
Canada's average writer
'earns 5 cents hourly'
From page 1
a publishing industry, recently
announced the same policy.
"I don't think British Columbia
publishing houses will survive if
the B.C. government doesn't follow
the lead of dntario and Alberta,"
he said.
He criticized the federal
government for becoming involved
in "harebrained schemes" and
having wasted taxpayers' money.
"They're trying to set up a
system where Canadian books are
distributed through the post office.
They can't even distribute mail
through the post office," he
However, he did say the Canada
Council has helped Canadian
publishers and authors.
He said the fact that applications
for Canada Council grants from
publishers have increased from 30
four years ago to 600 in 1974 indicates the grants are encouraging
Canadian publishers.
But, he said, Canadian authors
need a lot more help from the
government than they have been
McClelland said authors earning
less than $15,000 a year shouldn't
pay income tax, and that until a
few years ago, the money earned
by a Canadian author was
classified as unearned income.
McClelland said "the bloody fool
government in Ottawa" has also
been negligent in the area of
copyright laws. He was referring
to the practice where American
editions of Canadian works are
imported into Canada and sold for
considerably less than the
Canadian price.
McCLELLAND ... giveaway
"They move to protect Russian
authors in Canada and Canadian:
authors in Russia, but not
Canadian authors in Canada," he
He estimated the average author
in Canada makes about five cents
an hour for his writing.
But he said only provincial
governments could help publishers
by doing what the Ontario and
Alberta governments have done.
The federal government shouldn't
attempt to impose tariffs or quotas
on foreign books, he said.
"The government can't and
shouldn't attempt to legislate
public taste," he said.
McClelland said most of the
problems faced by Canadian
publishers stem from the fact the
American publishers' market is so
much bigger than the Canadian
"Book publishing is a numbers
game," he said. "Even though
Canadians read more than
Americans — we're very well read
— there is a tremendous difference
between the markets.
"That's why Canadian books are
so expensive. They're not even as
expensive as they should be, but we
have to compete with American
He said American publishers,
many of which are financed by
large corporations, have already
met their costs in the U.S. before
they come to Canada.
"It's difficult for Americans not
to make money in Canada," he
McClelland, who has run
American branch plants for three
different publishers in the past,
said none ever made less than a 10
per cent profit, while McClelland &
Stewart has never made more than
a one per cent profit, even though
the management personnel was
the same in all cases.
He labelled as "bullshit" claims
that the Canadian publishers
cannot compete successfully
against American publishers
because of superior American
technology, business acumen and
The wacky and sometimes
wonderful designs of former UBC
architecture students are being
recorded in a pictorial history of
the architecture school by grad
Charles Haynes.
For three months, Haynes has
been collecting old photographs,
letters, newspaper articles and
anecdotes about the school and
binding them into a scrapbook. It
will be the first such collection of
its kind at UBC.
The scrapbook contains original
sketches by students who are now
prominent Canadian architects.
There are photographs of award
winning designs such as Gene
Kinoshita's Vancouver Jazz Centre
in False Creek. That won UBC a
coveted Pilkington architectural
prize back in 1959.
Some of the architecture
students' projects stirred the
community, Haynes said Wednesday.
The scrap book devotes two of its
250 pages to letters written by
outraged citizens who despised the
new student-designed Lumbermen's Arch.
Other curious incidents are
recorded. In 1960, Lionel Thomas'
sketching class drew Nanaimo's
Chinatown. The next week it
burned down. The only surviving
plans were those of the architects
who donated them to the mayor of
Nanaimo who in turn sold them for
Haynes said he doesn't consider
the scrapbook merely a collection
of memorabilia. He said it shows
how various architectural  ideas'
See page 12: BOOK
Commerce students have elected
10 persons to executive positions
for 1975-76. They are:
Don Nilson, comm. 3, president;
Greg McPhie, vice-president; John
Henderson, comm. 2, treasurer;
Deborah Kepkay, comm. 3,
secretary; Mike Dickson, comm. 3,
sports rep; Daleah Doore, comm.
2, social coordinator; Chris Anderson, comm. 2, public relations;
Carolyn Lew, comm. 3, ombudswoman; Barry Fenton,
comm. 2, internal affairs; Dave
Coulson, comm. 3, external affairs; Peter Fairey, comm. 1, first
year president.
Passport, Visa,
Application Photos
Regular $2.95
Show Your AMS Card
(Negative Free)
3343 West Broadway
Tuition Fee
Income Tax Receipts
Dep't. of Finance, New
Admin. „ Building. 8:30
a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Take your picture home in One Hour and save up to
Frames, glass and mats cut to size — and a professional staff to
assist you!
3522 W. 41 st Ave. 266-8225
Tomes discussed
Two academics who have done extensive work and published
numerous heavy tomes on peasant movements and revolts will visit
campus this week.
Eric Wolf of the City University of New York will speak at noon
today in Buchanan 102.
Edward Friedmann will speak at noon Friday in Buchanan 100 on the
religion of Chinese peasants and revolt and revolution in that country.
Friedmann's visit is being sponsored by the inter-departmental
workshop on peasants and peasant revolution and Wolf is expected to
participate in the workshop.
Something io"cheei-s"aboui:
Now the glorious beer of Copenhagen is brewed right here in Canada.
It comes to you fresh from the brewery. So it tastes even better than ever.
And Carlsberg is sold at regular prices.
So let's hear it, Carlsberg lovers. "One, two, three ... Cheers!" Thursday, February 27, 1975
Page 3
Grad council returns to court
Two grad class council members
say they will take the executive to
student court again to nullify a
grad class general meeting held
Science rep Ron Walls and arts
rep Frank Tichler said Tuesday
the meeting of 223 grad students
did not constitute a quorum
suitable to allocate the funds of
4,300 grad students.
The grad class' constitution
states that a quorum is 10 per cent
of the total grad class students.
However, the executive ruled the
223 students present were a
quorum and a vote upheld the
A previous meeting held Feb. 7
was declared null and void by
student court because proper
notice of the meeting was not given
as required by the grad class
The financial matters voted on
were the grad class subsidization
of composite photos and a gift of
$5,000 to the Walter Gage bursary
fund. Both allocations carried.
Near the end of the meeting,
Tichler, arts 4, moved that the
financial matters passed be nullified and put on a mail ballot. The
vote failed.
Various speakers from the floor
said that if the other students were
interested in where their money
was going, they would have come
to the meeting.
Walls and Tichler argued that if
a full quorum was not needed to
vote on money matters, a small
group of students could run a few
small ads in The Ubyssey
publicizing the meeting, then vote
the money to themselves.
At this point, Tom Diersch,
science 4, moved that students at
Tuesday's meeting "gave up one
hour of their valuable time and
whereas the large number of
students not present do not care
what happens to their money, I
move that all students present at
today's meeting be given $5 for
attending the meeting."
Meeting chairman Tom deWolf
challenged the move, saying the
money must go to groups and not to
individuals. Diersch countered by
saying that the grad class meeting
is a group.
The vote failed.
DeWolf, who is also grad class
council president, defended the
executive saying it "has tried to do
everything in the best interests of
the students."
"We have put a lot of work into
what we have done and we are
tired of the hassles at every turn,"
he said.
"We are sorry if people do not
like what we have done, but they
all had their chance to come to the
meeting today according to the
majority of the people at the
general meeting."
Other business at the meeting
included short speeches by several
representatives of the groups
requesting gift money from the
grad class.
One of the requests was for $1,000
for the grad class constitution
revision committee. Committee
members said they think all the
trouble at the meetings this year
have been a result of the vague
Following are the grad class
grant requests:
Computer science undergraduate committee, $4,000 —
common/study room;
Commerce undergraduate
society, $2,150 — common room
Coast Foundation Society, $5,000
— social and activity centre;
Demeter.   Village   co-operative
association, $5,000 — alternate
foster care on Galiano;
UBC Museum of Anthropology,
$4,000 — garden entrance to
museum park;
Greenpeace Foundation,  $1,000
— to focus world opinion on plight
of whales;
Twenty-four education students,
$5,000 — United Kingdom practicum;
Education faculty and students,
$4,000 — visit to China to study
community education;
World Welfare Association,
$10,000 — entertain, visit and instruct people in prisons, hospitals
and nursing homes;
Health sciences students committee, $7,000 — establish student-
run snack bar in IRC;
Mussoc, $8,000 — renovation of
old auditorium;
WUSC, funds for social action
project in Munali and Zambia;
Mental Patients Association,
to lobby
A group of students is preparing
to lobby the UBC board of
governors to gain student representation on tenure and promotion
committees and other decisionmaking bodies.
Steve Haber, acting president of
the science undergrad society, said
Wednesday a student access
committee will be established at a
meeting today and prepare
recommendations about representations for submission to the
He said committee membership
is not restricted to science students
and in fact is not restricted to
students. Faculty interested in
expanding student access can also
belong, Haber said.
Students have won representation within the last two years to
general faculty meetings and some
committees of the faculties, but
have been excluded from vital
committees including tenure and
promotion and budget.
The group meets in SUB 207 at 7
$2,500 — self-help program for
mental patients;
Alma Mater Society art gallery
committee, $10,000 — full time
Acadia park co-operative nursery school, $l,000-covered outdoor
play area;
University Beach  work crew,
funds to clean beach during
UBC telethon drive, $10,000 to aid
underprivileged and handicapped
Slipstick '75, $1,600 —
engineering undergraduate society
Bread for the World, $5,000;
Women's office, $2,000 — fund
aid workshops and self-help
Microbiology grad class, $1,000
— establish a student lounge;
Thunderette basketball team,
$2,000 — trip to Sacramento;
Educational Equalization
See page 7: THIRTY
—marise savaria photo
FINE PRE-SPRING day bares North Shore mountains to UBC students after months of rain and/or local
blizzards. Academic looking type walks down main mall over Sedgewick library caught between skylights.
Mao's wife finds position to be mixed blessing
Chiang Ch'ing, the wife of Mao Tse-tung,
finds her position to be both an asset and a
liability says an American professor who
had extensive conversations with Chiang in
Roxanne Witke, a research fellow at
Harvard university, told a large crowd in
the Buchanan building Tuesday that Chiang
is "very feminine," despite her schoolmistress image.
"Her political thoughts are of finite interest," Witke said. "Her real field isn't
theory — it's practice."
Chiang Ch'ing, who will be 61 next month,
was an actress before becoming Mao Tse-
tung's third wife, she said.
Once Chiang married the chairman, she
faded into the background until after the
communists gained control of China in 1949.
Chiang's early political activities were
conducted "incognito," Witke said. The
chairman's wife found her position both an
asset and a liability for her political activities, and had to surmount her many
opponents inside the party, the Harvard prof
These activities were hampered by the
illnesses Chiang suffered which required
treatment in the USSR.
Witke said there was very little information about Chiang available before
Witke made her trip to China. Her conversations with Chiang Ch'ing were an
unexpected bonus to her trip, she said.;
Witke said she does not know why she was
singled out to speak with Chiang.
Witke also gave a biographical sketch of
Chiang's life, based on what she learned
during the several nights of conversation the
pair had in 1972.
Chiang was brought up in a poor peasant
family. "She resented not being able to be
brought up like a proper girl," Witke said.
When the young Chiang went to theatrical
school, she gained political awareness and
in 1933 joined the Communist party.
At that time she worked in Shanghai as an
actress and as a teacher in a revolutionary
Being an actress and a revolutionary
under the dictatorial regime in Shanghai at
that time has given Chiang a defensive
aspect to her personality which resulted
from the paranoia she suffered at that time,
Witke said.
She said she disagrees with the popular
belief that the young Chiang stole Mao away
from his second wife.
According to Chiang, Mao's second wife
was "worn out" from the effects of the long
march which the communists undertook to
escape Nationalist troops, and was already
planning to divorce Mao, Witke said.
"She has been a leader in the movement to
bring to the stage models for behavior,"
Witke said. "She combines fidelity for Mao's
thought with extreme flexibility in action."
While Chiang has been identified as a
leader of radicals within the Communist
party, she is not a leader of the feminist
'.movement in China, Witke said.
She said Chiang found ntany contradictions in Chinese opera and as a consequence she spearheaded the movement to
produce operas with revolutionary themes.
Her efforts in this and other fields allowed
her to come to the forefront of the communist leadership during the cultural
revolution of the late '60s, Witke said.
' 'She has brought out a movement to make
poor people proud of themselves," she said.
"Vengeance is a major theme of Chiang
Ch'ing's life."
The important question for the future,
Witke said, is whether she will be able to
retain her power after the aging Mao dies. Page 4
Thursday, February 27, 1975
Terminal silliness spreads
This being in the way of a
dissertation against silliness.
Silliness is something which tends
to affect the population as a whole
at certain times of life. It affects
people a) when their teddy bear is
removed from them at the age of
three; b) when they fall in love; and
c) when they get in their first
positions of relative power.
Now this particular dissertation is
concerned not with teddy bears or
teddy bear love. It is in fact
concerned with people who have
found themselves in their first
positions of relative power.
To whit: The grad class council
and the Alma Mater Society council.
Members of both bodies are
obviously suffering from terminal
First of all, the grad class council
is taking itself so seriously it has
trotted off once to student court and
will trot thereto again.
They might make a case of the
first time in court. The meeting was
indeed held improperly and rather
suspect decisions were made.
Overturning the meeting in
student court therefore, was fairly
reasonable, as well as being a good
exercise in democracy —(rah rah).
But the second time goes beyond
reason. The two council reps, Ron
Walls and Frank Tichler, knew well
in advance because of their court
case that the meeting was scheduled
to be held.
They should therefore have done
all they could to get people out to
the meeting to decide on how to
spend the money, which includes
everything from circulating among
classrooms talking to people to
making fools of themselves on top of
soapboxes if they were so inclined.
But they didn't and through a
combination of that and any number
of other factors, the people didn't
come. Therefore, the executive
declared the number of people
attending the meeting was a quorum,
which they can do providing the
ruling isn't challenged.
Tichler and Walls should have
seen and accepted that. But instead,
they are trotting off to court again
when they should have considered
this particular case dead. And not
only dead, but perhaps also worthy
of burial.
Why not get rid of the grad class
gift tradition since no one is
interested, Walls and Tichler? That
seems a more reasonable and
farseeing approach to take. Not this
petty squabbling over the letter of
the law.
If the law doesn't work, we say,
change it. To try to apply it
repeatedly without success is ...
Which brings us to the AMS
council. Ah, that bastion of the
petty bureaucrat, that heaven of the
second-rate politico, the AMS
Last week they didn't have a
quorum. This week, the meeting
ended mid way through executive
reports because people just drifted
And their conduct before they all
left was just . .. silly. Squabbling
over rules of procedures at a
poorly-chaired meeting, the
councillors eventually stumbled their
way into a number of non-decisions.
This bit of business was
postponed for a week for a meeting
of the joint in-coming and out-going
council. That motion failed because
abstentions count as nay votes, it
seems to the chair, because Roberts'
Rules of Order don't define what
"blank" votes mean.
People wallow in the indecision,
accomplishing nothing. Which is
ridiculous. And look silly while
doing so. Which is unforgiveable.
So all in all, it's been a
non-profitable week.
Petty bureaucrats just blow and
bumble about, looking at non-ppints
with great precision and ignoring the
main points.
Which are, for your edification, a)
if no one cares about the grad class
gifts, abolish them; and b) stop the
petty babbling in AMS council and
give people a proper reason to
Of course, you might want to
switch the solution in a) with the
topic in b), but that depends on your
own personal evaluation of the
possibilities of both.
Until then, we'll start a
consideration of teddy bears.
Grad exec
My purpose in writing this letter
is to express my sincere disgust in
the conduct of the grad class
executive at the meeting of,
Tuesday Feb. 25.
These individuals, who presided
over this meeting have truly given
beyond the bounds of the rights of
the constitution of the grad class. It
is surprising that those who have
been elected to fulfil the duties
could let the little power they have
go to their heads. Let me explain
my point of view:
1. They ignore that the constitution has provision to allocate
funds to worthy projects, and
therefore has a rather concise
method of how those funds should
be allocated. Rather they place a
motion before a meeting which has
no power to make decisions about
those matters. How's that for an
abuse of power?
2. When a group concerned with
the constitutional validity of such a
move objects, they are told, in so
many words that the constitution of
the grad class is not valid right
3. This is the real ringer. When
the quorum is challenged if there
are not enough people present to
adequately represent the grad
class, the chair simply declares,
yes declares, that there is a
quorum. Pretty good, what?
If you haven't seen the implications let me explain.
No matter how many people are
present, the chair can declare that
there is a quorum. Therefore, if a
meeting of a select few is called
with minimum advertising these
select few can allocate all monies
at their disposal to whatever
projects they choose and scrap the
My complaint isn't with the
value of the scholarship project
proposed, but rather that an
executive can at its own discretion
ramrod whatever it feels like
through a meeting with such a lot
at stake. It should also be mentioned that this would not have
happened if a group of children
posing as engineers had not been
present at the meeting or if more
participation had been shown by
some of the more mature students
at this university. But you can't
win them all.
Hiomas Diersch
computer science 4
Regarding the recent editorials
in the past few weeks urging
students to boycott CKLG and its
advertisers, I would like to put
forth an alternative view point.
This applies not only to this strike
but to others as well.
Somewhere in this controversy, I
believe, $10,000 per year was
mentioned as a minimum wage;
please correct me if I am wrong.
You are asking us to support
another person's claim to this or
more when the average wage of
students was reported being in the
neighborhood of $2,300.
Last year my wife's earnings for
the whole year were less than
$5,300. This month she got a raise
to $555. per month after a year and
a half's service as a trained
This is $6,660. per year, still far
short of what CUPE says their
members need, yet sufficient for
my wife and I to get by on.
In the same issue you tell of the
starving in the Third World. How
can you report this starving and
yet encourage students to support
the non-essential demands of
workers in this over-fed nation?
Brian Tiessen
engineering 2
A report titled "Aid
mismanaged" appeared in The
Ubyssey on Feb. 25 which inaccurately summarizes a talk I gave
to people fasting in Bread for the
World at UBC. After a discussion
with its author Greg Strong, I see
that the report misses the complexity of the shipment of wheat
from Vancouver on board the
"Amoco Cairo", now in port.
What I did say on Feb. 21 is that
there is a surplus of No. 3 grade
wheat which is normally con-
summed within Canada as
I did not say that ships could "be
quickly loaded with first-grade
wheat". No ship could be loaded
quickly under current grain
shipping and port conditions.
First grade wheat yields only 15
per cent more flour per pound than
third-grade, not twice as much.
Protein content is about the same
in higher grade wheats and in No. 3
I did say that this shipment costs
$25 million, 16 per cent of Canadian
International Development
Agency's allotments for food aid to
Bangladesh in this fiscal year.
CIDA prides itself that its budget
does not lapse on March 31 every
year, that- funds can be carried
over, unlike many government
Even then they work in the fiscal
environment of Ottawa which
causes CIDA to "prefer" to spend
FEBRUARY 27,1975.
Published   Tuesdays,   Thursdays   and   Fridays   throughout  the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS
or the university administration.  Member,  Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial departments, 228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977. Editor: LESLEY KRUEGER
Here they are folks, the all-star lineup of budding journalists that. . . .
Lesley Krueger, Gary Coull, Doug Rushton, Berton Woodward, Sue
Vohanka, Mike Sasges, Marise Savaria, Kini McDonald, Matt King, Andrew,
Marcus Gee, Chris Gainor, Sheila Bannerman, Greg Strong, Mark
Buckshon, Ralph Maurer, Barry Jensen, Michael MacLeod, David Fuller,
Stu   Lyster,   Carl   Vesterback, 'CedricTetzel and Tom Barnes.
all their $733 million budget within
the fiscal year.
This is not "mismanagement",
but big spending wholly in
Canadian interest, which is the
pattern of international aid.
To the Canadian wheat farmer
goes $20 million, to railways and
handlers goes $2 million, to an
international shipping company
goes $3 million (only one-sixth of
which remains in Canada). Total:
$25 million.
This ship probably costs more
than $15,000 per day while it waits
for sufficient No. 3 wheat to arrive
in Vancouver, and for the Public
Service Alliance strike to end.
CIDA is not paying this daily cost;
Maritime Agencies Ltd., (Vancouver and London) is paying
during this contract.
This cost will be passed on to
someone else, probably the
Canadian taxpayer, in some other
contract, in another year.
I did not say that the wheat
"probably won't even get to the
humans it is supposed to feed".
The Bangladesh government's
ministry of food, which will receive,
and distribute the food, does not
have "mixed-up" priorities from
its point of view.
Its two highest priorities, industrial workers and government
institutions, demonstrate that the
government assumes that it can.
afford not to supply wheat to the
rural sector.
CIDA's first priority. This
contradiction does not have any
resolution; The Ubyssey report is
correct, CIDA "can only observe
and advise."
I did not say that money should
be sent to private agencies because
they "would know where the
greatest needs are".
Many people know the kind of
needs in the rural areas, including
CIDA and the Government of
Bangladesh. Some of the private
agencies do some creative/ work,
while others follow the same
paternalistic pattern as governments without thought of supporting the development of self-
reliance in Bangladesh.
That is simply not the point of my
argument. This wheat shipment is,
on the whole, good for Canadian
business. The ministry of food in
Bangladesh will sell this wheat,
with CIDA's agreement, through
its ration shops, to people highest
on its priority list. CIDA has asked
the Ministry of Food to use the
money gained from the sale of this
No. 3 wheat for the procurement of
rice from the Bangladesh harvest,
which then can be used in the
ration shops.
The Government of Bangladesh
is not only broke, but is extraordinarily weak and unstable.
While the food is certainly edible,
and desireable to people who have
no wheat (Bengali people do prefer
rice if they can get it), it is
necessary to remember that CIDA
is part of the ministry of external
affairs in Ottawa, and that its
practices are part of Canadian
foreign policy in general.
To say this is "mismanagement"
is to entirely miss the point. The
impulse "to help starving people"
in Bangladesh is passed on to the
Canadian government by
Canadian citizens.
When the citizens do not study
the situation carefully, the
government does it for them, and
then proceeds to act in what it
conceives of as our nation's best
I was asking people to study
precisely whose interests are
served by this shipment.
Robert Anderson
anthropology professor
The grad class meeting of
Tuesday, Feb. 25 was a splendid
example of the misuse of power.
The grad class has approximately
$20,000 to allocate and approximately 40 projects to have
applied for a share of this fund.
The allocation of this fund is to be
decided by a "mail-in" ballot, in
which the preferences for submitted projects can be
simultaneously evaluated by all
graduating students.
The grad class meeting, which
constitutionally has only the task of
planning social events, added to its
agenda the allocation of approximately $8,000.
I question the right of the grad
class executive to give two projects
higher priority and a special ballot
before the 38 remaining projects.
Assuming the meeting is not
rendered null or void, there is now
only 60 per cent of the initial fund
left for the remaining 38 projects
that did not get special priority.
Robert MacWilUam
computer science 4 Thursday, February 27, 1975
Page 5
Vol.   XLVI
No. 20
—don hume photo
Intrepid reporter Tom Wayman finds what's atop Burnaby Mountain; Chancellor Gordon Shrum and SFA
And that's  Shrumthing
Tom comes home
filled with SFA
SIMON FRASER ACADEMY (Staff)—We dood it.
The Ubyssey, previously
limited to covering only UBC
like a blanket, has hit the pinnacle of journalism.
We now cover SFA like a
A wet blanket.
All this is a roundabout way
of announcing that on Thursday afternoon, I found the site
of the new Academy.
I pushed through the last
thicket, tripped over the last
boulder, fell into the last puddle, and there I was.
All around me, on the mountain top, was SFA.
And that isn't much.
A few surveyors strolled
about the newly-cleared location.
Fearlessly, I a p p r o a ched
"Hello   people,"   I  said.  "Is
this really SFA? I'm from
UBC, see, and ..."
A large, balding man interrupted me.
"A student!" he exclaimed.
He clasped his hands together,
turned his eyes to the sky and
muttered what sounded to me
like:  "My first!"
• •    •
"Come with me," he said,
and led the way across the
clearing, chuckling to himself.
At the edge of the clearing
was a carved chair and a huge
desk. The man seated himself,
then held out his hand towards
me, palm up.
"Welcome," he said grandly.
He gestured with his outstretched palm at the clearing.
"This, all this, is mine. All
this is SFA."
I was overcome with emotion. I had made it after all.
I snatched off my hat, inadvertantly releasing my last
homing pigeon.
"Gosh, your honor," I said.
"You must be ... "
• •    •
"That's right," he said.
"Downtown I may be just another power tycoon, but up
here   I'm   really Shrumbody."
"A real thrill," I said. Then
I noticed his palm was still
outstretched. "But I've got to
go," I said nervously.
"Sit  down,"   he   thundered.
The Ubyssey plans to find out
Oct. 17, 1963
Is there really SFA in Burnaby?
The Ubyssey wants to find
out more about Simon Fraser
Continuing the long journalistic tradition of newspaper - sponsored voyage* of
discovery, The Ubyssey is
sending its roving reporter
Tom Wayman (well fitted for
the job—a rover scout) to discover the legendary location
of SFA.
The expedition was prompted by native sightings of educated-looking fellows wandering aimlessly around Burnaby
mountain, somewhere east of
So, in the footsteps of such
greats as Henry Stanley. The
Ubyssey's reporter will tramp
through unknown country to
verify vague rumors.
Wayman leaves today at
noon from in front of Brock.
Conveying him to the edge
of civilization, (C-lot), will be
the famed Humobile — the
specially - fitted exploratory
vehicle of Ubyssey Photo editor Don Hume.
"I'll   find   Shrumthing   out
there," Wayman vowed,  "or
I won't come back at-all."
That^de termination.
On Tuesday of last week, a
member of SFA's new board
of Governors said SFXwtU
not be a haven for UBC rejects.
So the Ubyssey intends to
find out exactly where you
can't go if you feel rejected.
On Wednesday of this week,
SFA's new chancellor said
that students of SFA would be
able to walk over SFA without getting their feet wet.
First reports of site sightings were conveyed to The
Ubyssey's news (department
last year after the Macdonald
Report on higher, education
was made public.
But only recently was the
body of evidence amassed regarding the proposed site
large enough to warrent the
sending of an expedition to
answer the question:
Is there really SFA on Burnaby mountain?
The Ubyssey intends to find
Home  for  homecoming?
Oct. 22, 1963
Toms search for SFA drizzles on
(Staff)—I haven't found SFA
Know why?
Because it rained, that's
why. All weekend. And I got
soaked through.
On Friday, I was conveyed
to the edge of C-Iot by the
specially equipped Ubyssey
exploration car, and waved
goodbye to its hefty and huT
moroiis driver.
Then I started walking.
About 2 a.m. Saturday I
got to Burnaby Mountain.
I set up camp. It started to
rain. It rained all day Saturday; it poured all day Sunday, and it oceaned all day
. Shrum-whare in Burnaby
Oceaned is a new word. It
means the air was wetter than
the ocean.
Who can go exploring in
the rain?
All I've seen of Burnaby
Mountain is my camp at the
For three days all I've done
is sit in my camp and swear
at the rain. Which is a base
thing to do. I call it base
Meals up here are wonderful. Because of the rain I
can't get a fire going—even
after 11 years in the Boy
I want to go home. I want
to go back to the nice, warm
Brock basement. I've thought
of a plan.
I'm going to ask the edi^
tors if I can come home for
homecoming. Get it, home for
homecoming? How can they
Meanwhile, two things
have given a clue to Simon
Fraser Academy — which is
is what I'm looking for.
Carved on a tree was a
heart, in which were the
letters: "G. S. loves S.F.A."
And on Saturday .when the
rain slackened, I heard a
voice up the hill singing:
"Shrum-where, over the
rainbow ■ ■ •"
Apart from these- all I've
seen is the rain.
I haven't seen SFA up here
at all.
"I've got one student now, and
I'm not going to give him up.
"After all, SFA doesn't open
until 1965. I'm going to need
everybody I can get. You're
By this time I was back in the
woods so I was talking to myself.
"And at all these functions
I'm  going  to   tell   everybody
just  what  is on top  of  Burnaby Mountain."
What's atop Burnaby Mountain?
Why SFA of course; sweet
forest air. Page 6
Thursday, February 27, 1975
Sprong says Canada gov't
helps to massacre whales
REGINA (CUP) — They play a
crucial role in our ecosystem.
They are one of the most highly
developed forms of life on our
Nearly 40,000 of them will be
massacred this year, and their
bodies turned into shoe polish, pet
food and cosmetics.
And this continuing slaughter of
the whale, says a leading scientist,
is partly due to the Canadian
government. Paul Sprong charged
that the government has been
evasive, contradictory and ambivalent.
He demanded that the government now clearly answer the
question: does it support a
moratorium on the killing of
Sprong, a leading Canadian
researcher on whales, made the
demand at the University of
Regina, as he continued a crosscountry campaign to make the
public aware of the problem.
"A 10-year moratorium on the
killing is a very real possibility,"
he said. "Public pressure on the
government of just a few countries
will stop the slaughter."
The International Whaling
Commission (IWC) regulates
whaling practices. In 1973, he said,
the IWC voted eight to six, with one
abstention, in favor of a 10-year
But a three-quarters majority is
required for the IWC to adopt any
The moratorium might have
been adopted when the IWC met in
1974, said Sprong. But for the actions of the Canadian delegation,
the moratorium was debated but
never voted on.
"Canada initially voted in favor
of the moratorium proposal in
1973," he said.-
"But Canada's delegation in 1974
acted in extremely bad faith.
Canada, along with Australia,
managed to have set aside the
moratorium proposal as well as
two proposals which the Japanese
and Russians brought to the
commission meeting."
Japan and Russia are the two
biggest   whaling   countries.   But
Two Queen's profs detect
possible animal waves
scientists at Queen's University
have completed a study which
indicates that animals may be able
to communicate with each other
through radio telepathy.
Bigu del Blanco and Cesar
Romero-Sierra report they have
found that some animals literally
broadcast microwave signals with
their brains.
In studies on rabbits, the
researchers found that the animals
emit distinct signals which can be
picked up by conventional
microwave radio receivers.
Del Blanco and Romero-Sierra
report finding that these signals
vary in size and strength depending on the stress of the animals'
They suggest that when one
animal emits a strong stress
signal, it's possible for other
similar animals to receive it.
The doctors say this radio
telepathy may explain why one cat
is sometimes able to recognize
when another cat in the vicinity is
frightened or stressed, even when
the two animals are unable to see
or hear each other.
because of intense public pressure
they were in a conciliatory mood,
said Sprong.
The Russians came to the IWC
meeting prepared to reduce the
killing of sperm whales, he said,
and the Japanese were prepared to
immediately stop hunting fin
whales in the Norm Pacific.
"Canada and Australia, for
reasons I don't understand, shot
down both of those proposals and
they cut off debate on the
moratorium before it could come
to a vote.
"They did all this by introducing
a so-called compromise motion.
This motion allowed the killing to
continue unabated this year and
will only end the killing of one
species — fin whales — next year.
Now, said Sprong, the Canadian
government is calling a
moratorium "unrealistic."
"Fisheries Minister Romeo
LeBlanc has explicitly stated that
he thinks it is unrealistic for us to
achieve a complete moratorium at
the present time, and that we
should be happy with what we can
get, which is what we've got.
"Which, Sprong said, is
"I can't be satisfied with that,
and I don't think the Canadian
people should be satisfied."
"I think we should demand our
government come out with a clear
statement as to exactly where
Canada stands on the moratorium
"Does Canada still support a 10-
year moratorium? Will Canada
push the moratorium at this June's
meeting of the IWC?"
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Page 7
Vietnamese nun
Buddhism won't stop
political involvement
Being Buddhist does not prevent
a person from becoming involved
in political issues, a Vietnamese
Buddhist nun said Wednesday.
"I am Buddhist, but in the first
place I am Vietnamese," Thich
Mandala told about 25 persons in
SUB ballroom. "We do not
separate Buddhism from being
Vietnamese," she said.
"Buddhism is learning how to
end the suffering of human beings
and bring happiness to human
beings," Mandala said. "We who
are educated in Buddhist
philosophy have great compassion
for human beings.
"We love our country and we
love our people. We love peace and
we want independence," she said.
Mandala, vice president of the
overseas Vietnamese Buddhist
association, was speaking about
the situation of women in Vietnam.
"The war in Vietnam was the
most horrifying war in the history
of the world," she said. "Women in
Vietnam are the ones who suffered
most in the war.
"But they are also the ones who
contribute most to the struggle of
the country for peace and independence," Mandala said.
"Also, they achieve the highest
positions compared with other
women in other countries in the
Mandala said Vietnamese
women currently occupy important positions in every
organization in their society.
"We have nearly 70 per cent
women in the military services. We
have a woman who is vice'
president of parliament," she said.
"I want to emphasize that
women have all capacities, all
skills, all ability to do everything,"
Mandala said.
"The fact that we are feminine
doesn't mean that we are weak or
that we are considered low in the
The Watergate scandal has been
paying off handsomely for many of
the principal villains involved.
To date, at least seven
Watergate convicts have been paid
thousands of dollars for lectures,
T.V. appearances, books and
magazine articles.
John Dean so far heads the list
with a $100,000 lecture tour and a
$300,000 book contract — not to
mention his wife's $100,000 book'
Jeb Magruder also has received
$100,000 for a book, and is now
preparing to follow in Dean's
footsteps along the college lecture
circuit — talking about prison
Both James McCord and Howard
Hunt have received lucrative book
contracts, and Gordon Liddy
received $10,000 for a CBS interview.
Egil Krough is also lecturing at
$1,000 a crack, and H. R. Haldeman
is reportedly writing his memoirs
while he awaits sentencing.
Richard Nixon, of course, comes
out the biggest winner, with a book
contract estimated at $2 million.
In the meantime, of all the 20
persons who have so far received
sentences in the Watergate cases,
only one remains in jail today —
Gordon Liddy.
family or the society," she said.
Mandala said philosophical
traditions play an important role in
the Vietnamese way of living and
Confucianism teaches the
position of women in the family
and society is very low, Mandala
"It is the man who has responsibilities and duties in society and
it is women who have to stay at
home and do the housework," she
Mandala said Confucianism
teaches women to be tied to the
orders of their fathers before
marriage, to the husband's orders
when married and to the son if the
husband dies.
But Buddhism considers women
equal to men, Mandala said.
"Buddhism says women are not
only as high as men but as high as
the Buddha, the enlightened one,"
she said.
Mandala said women in the
Third World are striving for better
life in their societies.
"Women cannot do something
better if we do not change the
whole system of the society women
are living in," she said. "Woman
cannot be separated from her
society or her family."
Mandala is also president of the
Paris committee to aid orphans in
She said there are currently
about 700,000 orphans in Vietnam
— including 25,000 orphans
fathered by American soldiers
during the Vietnamese war.
Though there are thousands of
orphanages in Vietnam many are
not recognized by the government
and do not receive assistance,
Mandala said.
She said the government gives
about $9 per month for each child
to some of the orphanages. "But it
is not enough to cover the basic
needs of the child," Mandala said.
"I'm coming here to ask you for
help with our children in Vietnam," she said.
Mandala said she became a nun
so she could help people.
"I left my family because I think
I can contribute much more if I
have all my free time to work for
others," she said. "My freedom
relates to the freedom of the
country. My education relates to
the education of Vietnamese
Thirty-nine organizations
request grad class funds
From page 3
Committee, $10,000 — native Indian bursary;
UBC women's field hockey team,
$5,000 — tour to Edinburgh;
University day care council,
$4,000 — improve campus day care
Richard Wallach, $260 —
materials for electronic tank;
Commerce undergraduate
society, $1,350 — furnish new
student lounges in Angus;
UBC arts and crafts club, $600 —
new potter's wheel;
Senior citizens summer session
planning committee, $4,960 —
outreach information on UBC
International Committee
Against Racism, $4,820 — film and
Penticton women's centre, $500
— film;
Commerce undergraduate
society, $12,590 — financial advice
and information centre;
Summer of '73 day care centre,
$1,610 — extension of playground
Urban transportation group,
Call for Nominations:
Nominations Close at Graduate Student
Centre Office, 5 p.m. Friday 28th Feb.
(Nomination Forms Available at Graduate Student Centre Office)
Election will be held Friday, March 7.
$5,000 — dual mode transportation
Canada goose day care centre,
$1,000 — extend sleeping room;
Law student's legal advice
program, $9,000 — operate legal
• advice clinics;
UBC rowing crew, $2,800 —
racing shell replacement;
Forestry undergraduate society
— funds to restore steam donkey;
Frontier College, $500 — to help
pay for new teachers' positions.
executives of the nation's three
largest dairy companies have been
ordered by a federal judge to serve
six months each in service to the
Salvation Army and St. Vincent de
Paul dining rooms for conspiring to
fix dairy prices in Arizona.
Borden Inc., Carnation Co.,
Foremost-McKesson and
Shamrock Foods Co., all pleaded
"no contest" to federal indictments. They agreed to donate
$175,000 in services, equipment and
food to locar charities in lieu of
paying $200,000 in fines.
Opening Ceremonies
Thursday, February 27,
12:30 Clock Tower
Dance to Sunshyne
Thursday, February 27,
9:00 p.m. SUB Ballroom
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Nominations for executive positions will
be received between March 3 and March
17 — Forms may be picked up and submitted to Room 208 War Memorial Gym.
Letters of application for appointment to managerial
positions will be received between March 3 and March
26. Submit applications to Room 208, War Memorial
Public Relations Officer Gymnastics
Equipment Manager Golf
Badminton Skiing
Basketball Swimming
Curling Tennis
Fencing Track & Field
Field Hockey Volleyball
Figure Skating Page 8
Thursday, February 27, 1975
By profit-seekers
Food distribution limited
The control of the production and
distribution of food by a small class
of profit-seekers causes the
problems of starvation in the world
So said Pauli Oberoi, a native of
India and researcher for the
Communist Party of Canada
(Marxist-Leninist), Tuesday at a
Bread for the World talk.
And Reg McQuaid, a critic of
government trade policy, added
that "in the centrally planned
economies, so far as we know, the
problem of food distribution is not
a major one."
"Since there is sufficient wealth
and productive capacity in the
world to feed the people
adequately, this raises the problem
of distribution," said McQuaid.
"In our present free market
economy, an owner of means of
production uses these means not
out of humanitarian reasons to
feed hungry persons, but to turn a
"This gives rise to situations
such as in the sugar-producing
areas of Brazil. In the past year,
the price of sugar has gone up
tremendously, and this has led the
owners of the plantations to put
every last acre of land into sugar
"But this has meant that the
little plots of land which the owner
traditionally left aside for the
landless plantation workers were
in some cases denied them,"
McQuaid said.
"This is ah example of how
ownership of land in large units
like plantations can cause
Oberoi quoted an Indian press
report that an Indian state is exporting 25,000 tons of rice.
"It is quite strange that a
country which has two-thirds of its
people starving should be exporting rice," Oberoi said. "Is this
an accident, or is this part of a
whole design?"
"Our research shows that this a
reflection of the whole economy of
India; an economy which is
completely subservient to foreign
imperialism, which produces
things entirely for the service of
the imperialists,"'he said.
Oberoi said Indian food grain
Why settle
for less?
production has remained at about
100 million tons for the past seven
or eight years, but exports have
been increasing at the rate of 25 to
45 per cent per year recently.
Industrial production in India
has also been stagnating, he said.
"Why is it that production is going
out of Indian when people are
starving and the needs of the Indian people have to be met?"
"According to the Indian
government, India has debts to pay
and in order to pay these, India
must earn foreign exchange," he
said. "In order to earn this, India
must export its production."
"This production is going out
mainly to the United States, to the
Soviet Union, or to other imperialist countries," he said. The
Indian government says India has
this debt because of the "aid"
India receives from these countries, Oberoi said.
But this aid must be repaid with
seven or eight per cent interest, he
said. "Aid is nothing but the import, by the Indian government, of
finance capital, mainly from the
United States and the Soviet
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Oberoi gave figures to show the
tremendous increase in the Indian
government's foreign debt, from
zero in 1947 to $12 billion in 1973,
and to show that India pays out
more in debt servicing charges
each year than it receives in new
aid, putting India further into debt.
In order to earn foreign exchange, India's agricultural
production is turning more and
more to cash crops such as jute,
sugar, cotton, wheat and oil seeds
— all for export, not to meet the
needs of the Indian people, Oberoi
"The landlords comprise about
five to 10 per cent of the Indian
population, and own about 50 to 60
per cent of the land," he said.
"They rent this land to landless,
poor peasants and control the
whole market as well.
"So even peasants who own four
or five acres of land have to sell
their produce to the landlords at
low prices.
"The    government    is    the
government of the big landlords
and the big capitalists,"  Oberoi
said. "This government is an agent
Seepage 12: OXFAM
If you are a university graduate or are about to
graduate and are interested in pursuing a professional
selling management opportunity, this will be of
interest to you. Expanded marketing activity has
created the need for three professional representatives
in the Interior of B.C. If the prospects of a
challenging position with above average remuneration
and rapid advancement opportunities appeal to you,
please write for more information and a personal
interview to:
P.O. Box 301, The Ubyssey
Room 241G, S.U.B. - U.B.C.
Ideas: The spark we run on
Hoechst develops a constant
stream of new ideas to keep its
research pointed in the'right
directions. Ideas about what is
needed, ideas about what is
wanted. Ideas about what is possible, ideas about what is probable in the light of a constantly
changing, ever-increasing body
of basic knowledge.
steers   the
Imagination is a prime source
of the new ideas Hoechst uses
constantly in order to keep
^developing better products —
more effective medicines, better
chemical and industrial materials. Imagination is only half the
battle, but when good ideas are
properly teamed with the discipline of applied research, they
constitute a formidable force in
the search for improved products in every area of modern life.
Helping Build Canada
Products and ideas from
Hoechst have touched and
improved the quality of people's
lives in every area around the
world, in a hundred countries
on six continents. As an affiliate
of the worldwide Hoechst organizations Canadian Hoechst
Limited has a full century of
research and achievement to
draw upon. In Canada, Hoechst
is an autonomous company
employing Canadians to serve
Canadian needs.
Hoechst in Canada concerns
itself with supplying both the
present and future needs of
Canadians. The range of products and services covers the
spectrum through industrial
chemicals, dyestuffs, plastics,
printing plates, human and veterinary medicines, pharmaceuticals, and textile fibres. Hoechst
products and services, Hoechst
techniques and know-how in
these fields, combined with a
large international fund of experience, have given the company
a reputation for expertise which
takes constant striving to live up
to. Hoechst thinks ahead.
Canadian Hoechst Limited
4045 Cote Vertu
Montreal 383. Quebec
40 Lesmill Road
Don Mills, Ontario Thursday, February 27,  1975
Page 9
Education students start
'quality education' alliance
Education students from UBC and
several other western Canadian
universities met here last week to
establish a Western Canadian
Education Alliance.
Goals of the alliance, which must
be ratified before March 15 by the
different education student
societies, include improving
communication between students
and aiding the development of
"quality education."
The Feb.  21-23 conference in
cluded discussion about the
structure of the proposed alliance,
formulation of long-term goals and
immediate steps to meet these
Proposals include provision for
an elected board of directors of one
delegate from each member
campus and an executive committee including representatives
from each education student
society in the organization.
The alliance plans to publish a
monthly   bulletin   for   education
SLOW BUSINESS means reading time for unidentified vendor in SUB.
He was selling clothes and what not.
School of Nursing
B.A. and B.Sc. Graduates
A Career in Nursing
Opportunity to play a leadership role in our rapidly
developing health care service in Canada. A three-year
program is offered to baccalaureate graduates of high
standing, with majors in biological or social sciences,
to earn a Master's degree as a clinical nurse specialist,
or as a nurse researcher, in the broad field of health,
health care and health care delivery.
For information write:  Research Unit
School of Nursing
McGill University
P.O. Box 6070, Station A
Montreal, Quebec H3C 3R6
students and an annual journal.
Members also plan to compile and
distribute a handbook detailing
existing communications channels
and administration within
faculties, universities, provinces
and other organizations.
The first meeting of the alliance
is planned for September.
'Some buyers
deceive tax
From page 1
trusted to give clients a fair deal
for tax rebates.
"Wherever you go, you're going
to get ripped-off" he said. "Tax
buyers are the only place in town
where people can go if they need a
fast lump sum. Their bargaining
power is small at best."
Katz said some tax return buying
firms pay clients up to 65 per cent
of the total tax rebate they would
receive from the government while
others pay less than 50 per cent.
He said the services that pay
only 10 per cent of the total rebate
to the client when he receives his
tax form are "probably" in
violation of the provincial Trade
Practices Act.
Katz said some tax buyers
deliberately underestimate client's
rebates when calculating the sum
they will pay the client from his or
her tax forms.
"They may finagle with the
amount of the refund," he said.
Katz said most people who sell
their rebates to tax buyers are
those hit hardest by the current
economic slump. He said those who
have been laid off or must pay
monthly rent often go to tax buyers
when they cannot get bank loans.
He said the tax buying firms
offer a "lousy deal" and most
realize this when they sell their
refunds. But he said there is often
no alternative for those desperate
for quick cash and the government
should offer a computerized instant refund service on a profit
making basis.
Tax accounting executive Bill
Tweed said Wednesday he is
ethically opposed to tax buying and
he has advised clients against it.
"It's a rip-off," he said."Those
people (the tax buyers) make a
huge amount of money."
"I hover* hod
such o good time of
o new movie In years."
OLD Peter Dogdonovich,
AUDITORIUM New York Mogozine
THURS. FEB.    gk
27th ig*
7&9:30   iA4
UBC film
society       rw*a ■■-«»
presents       | l"|r*.
Reporting to the Manager, Administration and Finance Division,
the incumbent will:
Conduct special research tasks.
Analyse reports and publications.
Analytically review internal and external financial data.
Monitor MBO progress and achievements.
Generally assist the Divisional Manager with administrative
Recent M.B.A. or B.Comm. graduate.  Some previous business
experience, preferably in the financial industry, an asset. Proven
ability to communicate with all levels of management and staff
Negotiable with executive benefits.
Please send resume, in confidence, to:
Personnel Services Department,
P.O. Box 2038,
Vancouver, B.C. V6B 3R9
the faculty of education
invites university graduates and undergraduates
who expect to receive their bachelor's degree by September
to apply for admission lo the bachelor of education degree program
which leads to Ontario teacher certification for elementary and
secondary schools
the foresighted program meets current and emerging
educational needs while emphazing the human dimensions.
the students have many course selections where, consistent with
the importance of personal and professional development, evaluations
are based on continuous assessments, not term examinations alone.
the students share in making the administrative
and academic decisions in the faculty.
the faculty of education occupies a
new academic-residential complex,
duncan mcarthur hall
for a calendar and application form
or write to:
the registrar
faculty of education
queen's   university
kingston, Ontario
W^.     AT KiiurccTriM   J
July 2nd—August 8th
In the largest French-speaking university on the continent
METHODS: The latest audio-visual methods are used with
beginners; advanced students work in seminars.
ADVANCED LEVEL: Special attention is given to English-
speaking teachers of French; to students of French literature and to people wishing to know more about Quebec.
LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS: Rooms are available in
campus residences for male and female students.
ACTIVITIES: French-Canadian life discovered through folk-
singing evenings, the theatre, excursions into the typical
Quebec, countryside strolls and sightseeing through historic
old Montreal. Sports activities available.
BURSARIES: L'Universite de Montreal has been selected
as a participating institution in the Federal-Provincial
bursary program for Canadian students who wish to learn
French as a second language.
Booklet on request:
Ecole francaise d'ete
CP. 6128, Montreal 101, Quebec, CANADA Page  10
Thursday, February 27, 1975
There has long been a sneaky
suspicion that the major
difference between the U.S. and
the Soviet Union is the stamp on
their nuclear missiles.
A symposium on superpower
politics to be held at UBC next
week will examine just how much
these two powers like to play with
and build their nuclear arms while
telling the world everything is
Speakers at the Wednesday to
Hot flashes
Friday symposium will be labor
historian Jack Scott; UBC
political science profs Mike
Wallace and Paul Marantz; Barry
Buzan, from the UBC
international relations institute
and Hardial Bains, Communist
Party of Canada (Marxist-
Leninist) chairman.
Topics to be discussed include
the possibility of a third world
war, superpower politics at the
law of the sea conferences,
superpowers in the middle east
and the subjugation of the Indian
sub-continent by the two
The symposium begins
Wednesday noon in SUB 207-209
and continues until Friday in the
same location with events at noon
and 7:30 p.m.
The moral and economic
aspects of euthanasia will be the
subject of a discussion sponsored
by the pre-med society at noon
Thursday in IRC G41-42.
'Tween classes
Donovan Jones of Douglas
College on parliamentary
procedure, 8 p.m., Hyatt Hotel,
Seminar    on    Euthanasia,
noon,    IRC G41-42.
Demonstration with Dr.
Richardson,  noon, JBM   lounge.
EUS presents three speakers on
technical development of Third
World, noon, civils 310.
Musical program, noon, SUB
Noon hour travels feature Wayne
Vogl on whaling in the Mackenzie
Delta and Pond inlet, noon,
bioscience 2000.
John Hodges on the family from a
biblical perspective, noon, SUB
Film on Soviet Jewry, noon, Hillel
Faculty lecture-recital with
Hans-Karl Piltz on viola d'Amore
and Eugene Wilson on viola da
Gamba, noon, music building
recital hall.
Practice, 7:30 p.m., winter sports
centre gym E.
Graham Johnson speaking on land
use in China, noon, SUB
auditorium; do third world
countries need technical
development, noon, civils 310;
film: something Beautiful for God
— the life and work of Mother
Theresa of Calcutta, noon, SUB
205; panel discussion on foreign
students and the role of CUSO, 8
p.m.. SUB 117.
Ed Heisler speaks on can socialism
solve the economic crisis, 8 p.m..
1208 Granville.
Dance classes by guest
choreographer Linda Rabin, 2 p.m.,
SUB party room.
Jim Wolfe and Brian Little on
where do we/I go from here, noon,
SUB 207-209, film: people's
communes — an intimate picture of
rural Chinese life, noon, SUB 205.
Don Swaby speaks on what it
means to be converted, noon,
Angus 412.
General  meeting,  noon,  SUB 215.
Practice, 10:30 a.m., winter sports
centre gym E.
Graduation     recital,    Joan     Forst
soprano,   8   p.m.,   music   building
recital hall.
Fellowship,   bowling,   skating   and
information,     7     p.m.,     Lutheran
campus centre.
• invisible
• attractive
• immediate comfort
Sex is a game with no rules, no
beginning and no end.
Or is it? Participants in a
two-day workshop this week
think sex is a game and are
wondering what they can do to
call it off ... or at least lay down
some ground rules.
The workshop is entitled
feminity/masculinity: how do we
call off the game? It begins 8 p.m.
Friday in IRC 2.
423 W. Broadway
Charters Youth Flights Eurailpass
Overland Tours CNR/CPR
Amtrak — Ameripass!
• Browns* Blues
• Greys • Burgundy
• Tux-Tails • Velvets
• Double Knits • White
Parking at Rear
Formal Wear Rentals
1110 Seymour 688-2481
Men's Room Westwood Mall 941-2541
4639 Kingsway 435-1160
2174 West 41st Ave. 261-2750
1046 Austin, Coquitlam 937-3516
1420 Lonsdale, N. Van. 988-7620
3048 Edgemount Blvd., N.V. 987.5121
,   1586 Marine, W. Van. 936-1813
■<    1527 Lonsdale, N. Van. 985-4312
Fraser's Surrey Place 588-7323
Werners Lougheed Mall 936-7222
Friesens Guildford Centre 581-8722
Kennedy McDonald, Park Royal 922-6421
Fraser's Park Royal North 926-1916
* 10% discount to U.B.C students	
GET IN TOUCH WITH YOURSELF, allow yourself to function
A well known Aikido and meditation instructor from California,
ROBERT NADEAU, will be in Vancouver on March 8th and 9th
to give a two day workshop titled "Energy and Center".
Mr. Nadeau will show us how to work in harmony with ourselves.
Using exercises in Motion and Stillness, he will help us to develop
a finer awareness of our energy flow, a sense of what it feels like
to be centered and how to keep that sense of center under the
pressures and conflicts we encounter everyday.
March 8 & 9 Fee: $55.00
2525 Willow St.  874-6221
Participate iii the
Mens and Womens Hockey
Mens Basketball - Nitobe Classic
Womens Awards Banquet
Gage Gardens        Mens Rugby
Dance to Sunshyne
(No Cover Charge)
Sponsored by U.B.C. Intramurals
To Renew Your
Government authorized agent
HI, I'M GORD BUNTAIN a fellow student
reminding you there are just two days left to
renew. So avoid the lineups. See us today.
17th and Dunbar 41st and Granville
3308 Dunbar 5731 Granville
736-8104 OPEN 9 A.M. TO 9 P.M. 2612421
■ALL   I) I'l-.'S OL' l\Sl'K.\.\CI-m
RATES:   Campus - 3 linn. 1 day $1 .00; additional lines 25c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $1.80; additional lines
40c. Additional days $1JB0 & 35c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable In
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m„ the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van. 8, B.C.
5 — Coming Events
be   held   on   Wednesday,    March   5.
Everybody out.  PLEASE.
TEEN CHALLENGE. Join Charismatic
Christian Fellowship this evening at
7:30 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Theme: Overcoming drug addiction
by the power of prayer.
SAT., MARCH 1 — 11 Caffe's annual
dance at the Graduate Centre Ballroom. Band: The New Rebels. Time
8:30 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. Adm. $1.75 p.p.
UBC SKI CLUB Executive elections are
to be held on Tuesday, March 4,
Angus 104, noon. Everybody out,
10— For Sale — Commercial
20% Off Everything
Big  Savings  On  Ice   Skates,
Hockey Equipment,  Racquets.
Gym  Strip,  Etc.
Open 4 p.m.-6 p.m. Mon.-Wed.
4 p.m.-9 p.m.  Thurs.  & Fri.
9 a.m.-6 p.m.  Saturday
3616  W. 4th  Ave.
Best prices paid for furniture and all
miscellaneous items. 224-7313.
WE PRINT ANYTHING- 350 novelty
designs. We specialize in clubs and
team shirts. T-Shirt Tree. 27 W.
Cordova  St.   683-2933.
11 — For Sale — Private
FOR SALE — 1970 Mazda Station
Wagon. City tested to October. Burns
oil and clutch is beginning to slip.
Will sell cheap, a steal at $700 or
best offer for anyone who can get
it cheaply fixed. Otherwise runs well,
looks well. Call 682-5186.
GREAT BODY. '63 VW, good engine,
runs well, city tested. 731-1727, 5-7
p.m.   weekdays,  10-noon weekend.
S-SPEED GLIDER BIKE. Excellent con-
dition, $75.   Phone  Erica 736-6120.
30 — Jobs
To   teach,   supervise   courts,   assist
in operation of Pro Shop from May
through August. Club with 6 Lay-co
lighted courts, new clubhouse, over
400   members.   Apply  by   April   1st,
with   qualifications,   references,   experience and salary expected to:
M.   R.   HANNA, President
Lethbridge  Tennis  Club
913—21st Street South
Lethbridge, Alberta
35 — Lost
garden Feb 25th between 2:35 and
3:10. If found please turn into SUB
Lost and Found. Has sentimental
35 — Lost — (Continued)
Angus 104 on Tuesday, Feb. 25. Fh.
40 — Messages
LONELY Young African Gent wishes
to meet lady companion and friend
for outings. Reply to Box 40 "The
Ubyssey, Rm.  241 S.U.B.
65 — Scandals
starting. Parts and information, rallies, social. Randolf 437-8779, Lorren
70 — Services
Thousands of  Research Papers.
Custom   Research
Student Resume Services
1969 W.  Broadway,  Vancouver,  B.C.
Phone:  738-3714
Office hours: 1:00-5:00 p.m. Mon.-Sat.
IF you have normal vision and don'1
wear glasses or contact lenses
IF you would normally use your left
eye to look through a telescope
or peep through a
THEN you may be able to earn $2.50
an hour for participation in
an experiment in
visual perception.
Drop by room 11, Henry Angus Bldg.
for further information
and a quick 5 minute
screening test to
see if you qualify, or call 228-6456
and leave your name and number
80 — Tutoring
MATH, CHEMISTRY and Physics taught
by sympathetic, understanding professional. All levels. Reasonable rates.
85 — Typing
Typist. Experienced Technical and
Thesis Typing. Reasonable Rate*
Mrs.   Ellis   321-3838.
and Marine  Drive).  266-5053.
TYPING DONE in North Vancouver
home. Reliable service, reasonable
rates on your essays, etc. 988-7228.
home. Essays, Thesis, etc. Neat accurate work. Reasonable rates. 263-
90 — Wanted
grad-students looking for new place
to   live,   May  or  Sept.   321-6482. Thursday, February 27, 1975
Page 11
COACH BOB HINDMARCH and UBC Thunderbirds pose for camera after successful
season ended last weekend. UBC won more games than it lost and nearly upset No. 1
ranked Alberta In Canada West playoffs. 'Birds lost CWUAA title on last period Alberta
goal by Howie Crosley after extending highly favoured Bears to three games.
Hockey 'Birds end winning season
"This is the best team I've
coached, period. Not in terms of
talent, but in terms of the interest
of the people involved. Everyone,
without exception, gave us 100 per
That's how coach Bob Hindmarch sums up the season for the
1974-75 edition of the hockey 'Birds.
It's strange to hear a coach talk
: like this, especially since his team
lost the best-of-three CWUAA final
to the University of Alberta Golden
Bears 2-1, only days before.
Most coaches are satisfied with
.nothing less than the national
"I've no regrets about this
season at all. Of course a national
championship would have been
nice — I think we could have gone
all the way if we'd got past Alberta.
"But they proved to be the better
team. We did everything we could
and lost. That's when losing builds
character, when you've done
everything you can."
The loss that sent the 'Birds back
to their books was Alberta's 4-3
triumph Sunday.
Golden Bear Howie Crosley
broke a 3-3 deadlock in the third
period to advance his team to the
CIAU quarter-finals, to be held in
Edmonton this year.
The 'Birds forced the series into
a third and deciding game
Saturday night as they edged
Alberta 2-1 on brilliant goaltending
by Vic Lemire. Alberta took
Friday's contest 5-2.
Jim Lawrence and Grant
Cumberbirch kept UBC in the
game with their penalty killing as
the 'Birds saw themselves a man
short a half-dozen times in the first
Goals by Brian Penrose and
Brian DeBiasio gave .the 'Birds
their winning margin.
With everything at stake Sunday
afternoon, the 'Birds had two short
lived one-goal leads on goals by
Penrose, Bob Sperling and Bill
Sean Boyd had a breakaway in
the third period with the score tied
3-3, but couldn't find the handle
when he had to shoot.
"It just seemed to start bouncing
around," said Hindmarch. "It
must have hit something on the ice
because Sean all of a sudden lost
control, and he wouldn't have
missed if he'd got a shot away."
Arnie Pedersen was also
credited with a fine performance in
the series.
Hindmarch said that there
wouldn't be many changes in the
varsity hockey program for next
"We have one of the best
organizations in the country and I
don't see any reason to change it.
"What I'd like to see is an expanded schedule that brings in a
greater variety of teams to UBC.
I'd like to see a couple of tournaments held here especially over
the six week break we have at
He also said that the program
should respond to the fan support
they received this year in the form
of draws, between-period lucky
shots on goal and a UBC Hall of
The Thunderbirds can also look
forward to most of the players
returning for next year.
They only lose four players to
eligibility this year; Rod Hare,
Keiji Osaki, Gerry Bond and Brian
Osaki has expressed interest in
returning to his native Japan and
playing for one of the many
company teams there.
The biggest loss will be
DeBiasio. The 'Birds can't help but
miss his powerful presence on the
ice. The 'Bird captain has been a
perennial star, although a shoulder
separation early in the season held
him off the scoresheet he usually
"Brian will probably wind up in
Europe in the new pro-league being
formed there," said Hindmarch.
"We'll certainly miss him here."
Graduates from the Junior
Varsity team should be able to fill
the gap enough to make the 'Birds
into another contender. Derek
Williams, Brock Kalusnick and
John Dzus all look very promising,
to name only a few. Dzus dressed
for the 'Birds early in the season
when they saw some injury trouble
but saw only very limited,play.
Another valuable returnee expected next year in the coaching
ranks is assistant coach Bert
Halliwell. His conditioning
program was the main factor in the
Thunderbird success this year.
Examples are too numerous to
mention, but one in particular was
the 'Birds 6^5 double-overtime win
in Edmonton three weeks ago. The
Bears had been unbeaten in their
own rink until then, and the 'Birds
simply outlasted them.
Asked of his own future, Hindmarch said he doesn't see
retirement for himself just yet.
"I think what I'll do is go for a
while longer and then take a rest
'Birds dominate all-star voting
The hockey 'Birds dominated all-star balloting in
this season's selection by team coaches.
Bob Hindmarch of UBC, Gordon Cowan of Calgary,
Clair Drake of Alberta and Dave Smith of Saskatchewan elected five 'Birds to the twelve first and
second team positions.
Goalie Dave Andrews, defenceman Bruce Brill and
centre Bill Ennos joined Alberta's Ross Barros and
Steve McKnight and Saskatchewan's Rick Jackson.
Andrews' selection came over some heavy competition from Saskatchewan's Kevin Migneault and
Alberta's Dale Henwood. Migneault nailed down the
second team goalie position.
Keith Tindle and Bob Sperling were awarded the
winger positions on the second team. Tindle's
selection came as a surprise as he missed nine games
in the early part of the season with a bruised foot.
Noticeably missing from the all-star team was
Thunderbird captain Brian DeBiasio who was placed
on the first team last year. He was slowed this year
by a separated shoulder.
Arnie Pedersen was selected to the second team
last year but was overlooked this season.He played
very well for the 'Birds, especially shining in the
'Birds CWUAA final against Edmonton last weekend.
His defensive play was a big reason Alberta was held
to one goal Saturday night.
UBC players to appear in contention in the balloting
were DeBiasio, Wayne Hendry, Sean Boyd and Brian
Penrose. Boyd and Penrose were linemates of
DeBiasio's in a combination thrown together halfway
through the season. Penrose was a defenceman until
then but was used to intimidate opposition goalten-
ders and defencemen in front of their net.
Of the five 'Birds selected to the all-star teams, all
are expected to be back with the 'Birds next season.
Only Dave Andrews has expressed the possibility that
he may be elsewhere next season.
Andrews was an all-star at Dalhousie University in
the Maritimes before going to the RAAK Hockey Club
in The Hague, Holland, and coming to UBC this year.
for couple of seasons," he said.
"I've been going for ten years now
and may need a rest in a couple of
"But I'll be back."
Hindmarch's philosophy of the
game is that you can't win unless
you are playing for fun and enjoyment. Out of your fun and enjoyment will come the dedication
that will enable a team to win
games that they should.
"I don't believe that a guy is
enjoying himself out on the ice if he
isn't trying his best. All he is doing
is frustrating himself and others.
"That didn't happen this year at
all. We had twenty guys out there
with the same goal and they were
willing to do the work necessary to
put together a winner. We didn't
win any championships, but we
developed friendships as a result
that wUl last the rest of our lives."
In summary, it was a good
season for all concerned in the
varsity hockey program. Next
year will probably be even better If
they can hang on to the nucleus of
this year's team. Rumor has it that
the 'Birds can expect some
established stars in the league at
UBC next year, which, if it
materializes, could sent them all
the way.
Jock shorts
The Thunderbird swim team
flew off for the Canadian championships at Lakehead University
today, but they didn't fly too far.
The team is currently stuck in
Winnipeg, victims of the rotating
strikes hitting airports.
The gymnasts have sent two
representatives to the CIAU
championships in Winnipeg. Wally
Borchard and Karoline
Mamichelitsch both qualified for
the national meet.
The fencing team is currently
preparing for its upcoming Canada
West tournament March 7 and 8 in
Saskatoon. Page 12
Thursday, February 27, 1975
Triage is no solution for hungry
This is the last of a four-part
series on the world food crisis.
As the West becomes more
aware of the dimensions of the
current famine and as the demand
for food aid increases, there is
increasing talk among journalists
and politicians of triage, a policy of
using limited resources where they
would be most effective.
The term 'triage' originated on
the French battlefield during the
First World War, when Red Cross
volunteers allocated their limited
medical supplies by dividing the
wounded into three groups. Those
who would die anyway had the
lowest priority and those who
needed medical treatment to
survive were at the top of the list,
ahead of those who would survive
Many people believe food aid is
being wasted in countries which
are not enforcing birth control or
which are doing little to improve
their own agricultural situation.
Put simply, triage is a policy of
letting nature, and starvation, take
its course. Some speak of it
cynically as building a wall around
Time magazine supported a
policy of triage as one, which
although brutal, was "perhaps the
only kind that can have any long
range impact." Time said
"Washington may feel no
obligation to help countries that
consistently and strongly opposed
This seems to be the case. In a
speech at the United Nations, U.S.
president Gerald Ford warned that
"the U.S. has not used food as a
political weapon, but would do so if,
'economic confrontation' (over oil)
were  to  replace  'economic  cooperation' ."
Canadian MP Robert Kaplan (L-
York Centre) has urged Canada to
join this power game. In a Toronto
Globe and Mail article this fall, he
said Ford's "implied threat" to use
food as a political lever "could
mean a totally new and powerful
status for Canada in international
affairs. . . . How will we decide
which hungry foreign nation should
have the privilege of buying
Canadian wheat next month? It
seems clear that Canada must
agree with the goals defined by
President Ford at the UN."
But is this talk of using our food
resources as a political weapon
under some policy of triage a
legitimate response to a real
Geoffrey Hainsworth, a UBC
development economist, does not
think so.
Describing the policy as
"lifeboat ethics" where those
already in the crowded lifeboat
"beat the others off with oars,"
Hainsworth says: "It makes us
feel good; we are being nasty for
their own good. But it is a self-
rationalization by those in the
lifeboat already."
Clark Pinnock, professor of
theology and ethics at Regent
College calls the policy
Citing the fact that 40 per cent of
American food aid goes to Cambodia and Vietnam, he says: "Our
resources are limited only because
of greed. A wall is being built
around Bangladesh, not by
limitations to our resources, but by
a refusal of North Americans to
accept any limitations to their
affluence. That is the wall."
A policy of triage could be
supported only if there was a real
LUSH  GREEN  CAMPUS   lies waiting for university bulldozers in
future but for the moment it supplies beautiful scenery for people in
—matt king photo
Buchanan and law buildings. No official plans from university have
been announced but like all greenery, it's just a matter of time.
Oxfam hit for obscuring starvation
From page 8
for bringing foreign capital into
India, for plundering India in the
service of foreign imperialism."
Oberoi criticized charitable
organizations such as Oxfam for
obscuring the real reasons for
He said the only way to support
the Indian people's fight against
starvation is to support the armed
agrarian revolution currently
taking place in India, following the
model of the Chinese revolution.
McQuaid said if food is to be put
into the hands of agricultural
populations in the Third World,
there   must   be   some   kind   of
agrarian reform.
"The big landowners in these
countries make up the local elites
which very often control the
government," he said. "It is this
local governing elite which
facilitates the activities of
businesses based in our country.
"So if we were to speak actively
at a governmental level in favor of
agrarian reform, it would be
equivalent to cutting off our own
business interests.
"In some countries, the local
people make some attempt at
agrarian reform. Countries such as
ours can exert influence, because
of our financial power and wealth,
in such a way as to compromise the
effectiveness of that reform."
For example in Chile, he said,,
there was an element of agrarian
reform which the Canadian
government hampered by making
it more difficult for the regime
there to get credit.
But the Canadian government
granted credit to the new regime
when the old one fell, McQuaid
"I would maintain that our
country must recognize the"
legitimate rights of the developing
countries for stabilization of their
exports," he said.
"Any system based on a system
of ownership which produces a
large mass of unemployment and
starvation and concentration of
wealth in the hands of a few
violates the basic rights of
mankind," McQuaid said.
"Howdo we do all this?" he saidv
"I would like to think that people
like you and me have minds to
understand and human hearts to
appreciate the problems of others.
"We can take the necessary
attitude and take matters sufficiently into our own hands — not
abdicate the whole matter over to
big government or big business —
and the problem of distribution can
be solved."
shortage of food in the world. Many
observers would agree with Pinnock that the problem is one of
unequal distribution rather than of
a real scarcity of food.
Mark Hatfield, U.S. senator,
speaking of the need for the U.S. to
undertake immediate famine
relief, says: "Fortunately the issue
is not yet whether we can find the
food, but whether we have the
humanitarian will."
But what if the situation did
resemble that of the French battlefield? If there was a real
problem, would triage be ethically
Keith Wyton, one of the student
organizers of the Bread for the
World Conference, thinks not. "As
a Christian, I don't think that social
ethics should operate on a principle
of effectiveness. I would rather
measure policies by standards of
obedience to Christ's teaching to
love all men, than by standards of
Pinnock says we should stand
with the needy in any case.
"If there was an objective
limitation to our resources, I can
see that some horrible decision
might have to be made, he says.
But I don't like the implication that
these are useless people because
they don't have a future. We must
stand with the needy rather than be
their executioners."
Even Time magazine questions
whether the world's sense of
human dignity could survive as we
watched mass starvation.
The question of triage is one that
we should not have to face in our
world of abundance. It is being
presented as a serious ethical
issue, but it seems to be a cover for
the attitude expressed by former
U.S. president Lyndon Johnson:
"Don't forget that there 200 million
of us in a world of three billion.
They want what we've got, but we
won't give it to them."
From page 2
alternately excited the school and
how these ideas reflect the tensions
in society at large.
"Take the graduating theses,"
he said. "In the 1950's these dealt
with the design of specifics — a
new library, a school of art, things
like that.
"In the 1960's they were different. They tackled more conceptual problems and were more
concerned with defining problems
than with giving specific answers.
"So far in the 1970's, a synthesis
of these two approaches seems to
be emerging," he said. Definite
answers are being given to
questions, yet the questions
themselves are admitted to be
unclear, Haynes said.
The scrapbook was commissioned by the library.
Mr. Dua Opera, Ghana will talk on
the subject
This special discussion will take
place in Room 402/04 of
International House on Thursday,
February 27 from 12:30 to 1:30
p.m. Everyone is welcome to
SOLUTION: Register with the UBC
Tutorial Centre, 12:30 - 2:30 p.m.,
Speak-Easy. Fee $1. They'll find you
a tutor. For information call
228-4557 anytime. Fee refundable if
no tutor is available.
A programme of the UBC Alumni Association
Tension can have serious negative effects on us — constricting our
thought processes, preventing free, expressive movement, creating
disruptive pain patterns.
ANNE MILLS uses imagery with breathing and movement
exercises to help us explore the causes and prevention of
restrictive tension. A two day workshop.
March 1 and 2 Fee: $25.00


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