UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 20, 1991

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 the Ubyssey
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Wenesday, February 20,1991
Vol 73, No 38
Dissident talks of years in jails
by Christina Cha-Li Chen
A political dissident from
Taiwan visited Vancouver for the
first time this past Sunday to update the city's Taiwanese community on his health and political
Shih Ming-Deh, now 50, was
imprisoned in 1962—the same
year as Nelson Mandela—by
Taiwan's Kuomintung (KMT)
government for revolutionary
conduct. He was finally released
last May.
Shih fasted during his last
four years in prison to protest
martial law and the ambiguous
deaths of his colleagues. He was
released in 1979 but only for two
"Despite a huge individual
sacrifice, the progresses and
changes that occurred over the
last 30 years are worth all the
torture and suffering," Shih said
in a native Taiwanese dialect.
Shih was released only after
martial law was lifted in 1988.
Martial law governed Taiwan
from 1949 to 1988, the longest
time martial law has ever been
imposed on any country. During
this period, Taiwan was governed
by the KMT, who arrived with
General Chiang Kai-shek in 1949
after fleeing a communist takeover of mainland China.
In 1985 Shih fasted for 20
days until KMT officials promised him they would lift martial
law immediately and release his
colleagues from prison. But when
the promises were not fulfilled,
Shih resumed what would be a
four-year fast in which his weight
would drop to 45 kilograms.
Martial law was only lifted
when the ailing 79-year-old KMT
president Chiang Jing-kuo, son of
Chiang Kai-shek, died of diabetes
in 1988 after 13 years in office. A
multi-party system was established only a year before hi s death.
The KMT, now under president
Lee Dung Hui, then permitted the
release of Shih.
While in Vancouver, Shih was
reunited with Tz'en Tsu Ch'ai, an
old colleague who tried to assassinate Chiang Jing-kuoin 1970.The
attempt failed when Tz'en was
captured by American military
police stationed in Taiwan. After
spending more than two years in
prison and 10 years in Sweden,
Tz'en immigrated to Vancouver.
Both Shih and Tz'en worked
for The Formosa, the first political group established in Taiwan
that openly opposed the KMT.
Recently, Shih was nominated for chair of the Citizens
Progressive Party in Taiwan but
has yet to accept. He is presently
a party consultant. Shih has also
secured funds from American
businesses to build a newspaper
agency in Taiwan aimed at pub-
lishinguncensored political news.
Shih said the mass media,
completely controlled by the KMT
in the past, defamed his reputation.
"They called me a bandit, and
a good-for-nothing thug," he said.
"People who never met me, or read
of my articles, were horrified at
the sight of my name."
At the age of 21, Shih, with
his two brothers, took part in a
small organization supporting
nati onal independence of Taiwan.
"I just spoke with friends and
classmates about why Taiwanese
people should have true democracy in voting for their
government...for this I was accused of revolutionary acts," Shih
In 1962 he advocated that
Taiwan be protected by United
Nations'troops administered from
Beijing. Shih saidhis political view
threatened the KMT's ambition
to reclaim China.
However, Shih said he particularly fought for increased participation of Taiwanese in the
KMT government. Between 1949
Chinese New Year Lion dance in celebrations this weekend.
See article page 3.
and 1975, no Taiwanese held major government positions because
the KMT refused to hold national
Sentenced to an indefinite
prison term,
Shih and his
two brothers
were imprisoned after
months of
being secretly followed by special police.
"Now nobody
follows me
around, I actually feel
Shih as he
addressed a
crowd at
Shih was
released in
1977 but im-
took part in The Formosa. A conflict between the KMT police and
its members during a demonstration in late 1979 sent Shih back to
In what he considered the
most difficult time in his life—the
first 15 years in jail—Shih lived
in various institutions throughout Taiwan, including several
months on Green Island, an isolated island off the island's coast.
Shih underwent numerous
tortures while in prison. By the
age of 27, he lost all of his teeth
Shin Ming-Deh.
from several police beatings and
from taking too many painkillers
for his damaged spinal cord. All
his fingernails had also been
ripped off.
For more than
two years, Shih
lived in a 6'x6'
cell with a black
sheet of paper
patched over the
only window. At
times, he shared
up to 30 other
prisoners, he
said. His usual
staple food was
rice and cabbage
sprinkled with
After the true
reasons for his
became     well-
known in  Taiwan, Shih's life in
prison improved
"I   was   given
seven     rooms:
three for my own use, and four for
my guards, and I often had enough
to eat," Shih said.
Shih divides his 25 years in
jail into two phases. In the first,
he rebelled against suffering as a
way of self-discipline. In the second, he learned to face and accept
hardships as they came.
Shih left Vancouver Tuesday
for California where he has been
offered a research job on Asian
politics at the University of
Board of Governors
to build hotel, the
Wesbrook Hilton?
by Mark Nielsen
An on-campus hotel is among
the projects proposed a long range
development plan for the university.
According to a discussion paper on the plan, the hotel is a
possibility for part of a "cross mall"
near the Ponderosa Cafeteria
where it could take advantage of
"the potentially magnificent views
over the Strait of Georgia."
In unveiling the discussion
paper at the Board of Governors
meeting last week, university
planner Andrew Brown said that
many other universities, such as
Cornell, have on-campus hotels
and bookings for rooms in UBC's
student residences are often overflowing during the summer.
With a hospital on the university grounds, Brown said that
the friends and relatives of patients
would want to use the hotel. The
nearest hotel is located at 12th and
UBC president David
Strangway toi d BoG members that
the university would look for an
established hotel chain to run the
hotel once it was constructed.
The discussion paper is only
the first draft ofthe plan however,
and it may take until next year to
"It's a draft planning document that is part of a continuing
discussion over the long range development of the university,"
Brown said.
The plan encompasses thirty
projects to be built over the next
ten years at a cost of as much as
will come from UBC's capital
projects fundraising campaign.
Brown said that the process
will include making a presentation
to the AMS students council before
the end ofthe term.
BoG student reps Derek Miller
and Wendy King could not be
reached for comment but AMS
president Jason Brett saidtheidea
has some merit.
"It would be great for parents
from out of town who are visiting
students on-campus and want to
stay here over night," he said. Classifieds 228-3977
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GUITAR LESSONS, qualified teacher. All
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session on historical, geographical,
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the Persian Gulf area. Led by
academically qualified person who
has been a frequent traveler in the
area. Noon. Upper Lounge, International House.
Student Christian Movement.
Dinner & movie - "Jesus of
Montreal." All welcome. Group includes United Church, Anglican &
Lutheran Groups. 5-7 pm.
Lutheran Campus Centre.
UBC Students Against the Gulf
War. Teach-In on the Gulf War -
Speakers from the Arab Canadian
community & Greenpeace. Noon.
Buch A204.
Student Environment Centre.
Lecture and slide presentation -
Tatshenshini Wilderness Committee. Noon. SUB 215.
Student Christian Movement.
Dinner, Bible Study, Discussion
(includes Anglican, Lutheran, &
United Church Groups). All welcome. 5-7pm. Lutheran Campus
Jewish Students' Assoc/Hillel. Torah Study with Rabbi Mordechai
Feverstein. Noon. Hillel House.
School of Music, Wesley Foster,
clarinet; Karen Haley Foster, viola;
Linda Lee Thomas, piano. Noon.
$2. Recital Hall, Music Building.
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship.
Thursday noon meeting cancelled
due to reading break.
B.C.Students Against theGulfWar.
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Art Gallery (Georgia & Robson).
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UBC Debating Society. Impromptu
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G279 (Near cafeteria in Hospital).
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arousal, or other sexual difficulties, please call 228-
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information. An honorarium will be paid for participation. All inquiries will remain strictly confidential.
Applications are now being accepted by the
AMS Art Gallery Committee for Exhibitions in
the 1991/92 school season in the AMS Art Gallery
in SUB. Shows range a week in length and applicants
must submit ten slides of current work work, a small
explanation of their work and a $50.00 deposit with
their application. Applications are available from
the AMS Executive Secretary in SUB room 238 and
must be returned by 4 p.m., Friday, March 8,1991.
UBC students are given priority but all applications
are considered.
The Committee provides an opportunity
for UBC student artists to display their work and to
bring UBC students in contact with contemporary
Canadian works of art. The purpose of the Committee is to ensure that the AMS Art Collection is
properly maintained, and utilized, and that Art
Gallery policies are implemented.
These positions are open to UBC students.
Application forms are now available from the AMS
Executive Secretary in SUB room 238.
Applications must be returned by
4 p.m. Friday, March 1, 1991. j
February 20,1991 NEWS
Festivities alternative to social norm
by Huang Chen Chung
It is the year 4689.
Hundreds of photographers
scramble madly in the street as
explosions ring in the air and
more than 25,000 people wait in
A child climbs a traffic lamp
to get a better view, putting his
hand in the flashing red one—
that is, until a police officer heads
his way.
Butchers, cooks and dishwashers cram the doorways
while people of all kinds—from
the two-foot long to the more
than six-foot-tall type—swarm
around each mythical figure as
it moves from door to door.
The figure, a lion, dances
hypnotically while hundreds of
firecrackers explode beneath its
For more than 3,000 years
in a row, these lions have awakened from their sleep to "ward
away evil spirits," said Chinese
New Year Parade organizer Hsin
Kan Chen on Sunday. The firecrackers andloudgongs are used
to keep them awake and dancing (In Vancouver, they have
been awakened since 1973.)
"The lettuce heads are hung
in front of the stores for peace,
good luck and better health,"
Chen said. The lions eat and
smash them—it is a tradition
that has not changed for more
than 3,000 years.
Although made of paper, the
lion is difficult to carry while
dancing. The dance is not easy
either. In front of one store, a
head-holder must step onto the
strained knees of a crouched tail-
holder to reach a head of lettuce
hung high on a string.
In front of another, a head-
holder climbs up an eight-foot
ladder to dance on the top rung
while holding a head of lettuce.
He then plunges to the ground
where he is met by firecrackers
bursting at his feet.
Crowds of people gather to
watch its mystical illusory
dance. It lasts until every head
of lettuce is eaten. On Sunday,
4689 and counting. Chinese lion dances in a New Year in Chinatown.
Buchanan site of bomb scares
by Christina Chen
In the last 10 days the
Buchanan complex, geography
and computer science buildings
have been the targets of threats
involving possible bombs, according to campus police.
RCMP Staff Sergeant Vern
Jansen said the number of
threats have surpassed the usual
frequency but would not comment on possible causes.
"We usually don't like to give
out too many details about bomb
scares because we'd be doing
what the perpetrators wanted
or giving people ideas," Jansen
"However, if anyone has any
information about them, we'd be
happy to talk to him or her."
The series of threats started
February 8 when Buch anan was
shut down for two hours forcing
about 150 students onto the
sidewalks to observe the situation while alarms sounded continuously.
And two hours later, police
again sealed off the building after receiving another threat.
"We received a call earlier
this morning (February 8) and,
after assessing the situation,
decided to evacuate and check
out the buildings," Jansen said.
Buchanan and other build
ings were shut down frequently
throughout the week as warning calls rang in to the campus
police department.
On these occasions, several
officers from the university department turned students away
and kept spectators at least 50
feet away from building entrances.
At 10 am last Monday, instructors asked students in
Buchanan D block to search for
strange objects in classrooms.
"I am not sure whether the
building was officially open or
supposedly shut down. My class
continued until the end of the
period," said English professor
Roger Seamon.
"After five or six threats and
no explosion, people had no
choice but to take them less seriously."
According to Jansen, students' safety on campus is not
more endangered than at any
other place, but the goal of this
been disrupted. As a result of
the bomb threats, many students
have missed classes and exams.
"Maybe it's because there's
an exam," one forestry student
said. "Sometimes students do
things like this just to avoid it."
It was the second time she
had encountered bomb scares
on an exam day. Several other
forestry students agreed.
In recent weeks, University
officials across the country have
been dealing with a rash of bomb
threats. At York University, the
security department has made
bomb threat information available through a recorded message.
about 10 to 15 lions covered the
whole of Vancouver's
This year—4689 on the Chinese lunar calendar—is the year
of the "Yang." In English, it
means sheep, goat or lamb, depending of which translation you
use. Those born in 1902, 1919,
1931,1943,1955, 1967 or 1979
are Yang. In order from the Yang,
are: 1) Monkey, 2) Chicken, 3)
Dog, 4) Pig, 5) Rat, 6) Ox, 7)
Tiger, 8) Rabbit, 9) Dragon, 10)
Snake and 11) Horse. To figure
out which sign you are, you subtract your year of birth from the
closest year of the Yang before
your birth (e.g. 1935 - 1931 = 4
means you are a Pig. Refer to
above two sentences.)
Under the lunar calendar
(each month is 27.25 days), New
Year's Day falls on the first new
moon of February—i.e. when the
first crescent is seen after an
eclipse in February. Next year-—
the Year of the Monkey—the
festival begins on February 4.
Lion roars.
"We've already got everything planned," Chen said.
Last Walk for Joe
makes bucks
by Shaunah Majcher
On Friday the 13th annual
Walk for Joe took place—it was
also the last.
The walk is organized by
Vancouver General Hospital
nursing students and the Beta
Theta Pi fraternity to raise money
for the BC Heart and Stroke
Foundation and was named for a
Heart Fund film called I am Joe's
Jim MacCallum, a Beta representative, said the event
"started 13 years ago in an area
that had never been canvassed
before—around the Vancouver
General Hospital."
This is the last year for the
original Walk for Joe,MacCallum
said, because "the VGH nurses'
program began to be phased out
three years ago and this is the
last grad class to go through.
"The VGH program has
amalgamated with UBC. For that
reason, for the first time, we
[Betas] have invited UBC nurses
to our annual Walk for Joe," he
Gail Bishop, the director of
the VGH School of Nursing said,
"The reason for the change in
program is that nursing is becoming more complex. It was not
feasible to lengthen the diploma
program and add to the cost for
students when they would still
graduate with a diploma rather
than a degree.
"The Canadian Nurses Association has taken a position
that has been supported by the
provincial associations, that all
new graduates, starting from the
year 2,000, have baccalaureate
nursing degrees," Bishop said.
Last year the Walk for Joe
raised $2,600 and this year the
Beta's are hoping to raise $3,000
for the B.C. Heart and Stroke
MacCallum said, "The reason the event works is because it
is two separate groups who unite
for a common cause.
"The Walk will hopefully
turn into something bigger and
better with the UBC Nurses," he
New program cuts into
wallet thefts on campus
by Sharon Lindores ducks  for theft," Smandych
. said.
"Operation Wallet"— In January of last year,
campus police's wallet theft RCMP compiled a "top 20 hits
awareness campaign—has list" for wallet thefts on cam-
been given some of the credit pus. Officers then met with de-
for a marked decrease in such partment heads to co-ordinate
thefts at UBC. action.
Wallet thefts dropped by "Creativity played a big
17 per cent during the year- part in * operation wallet',"
long campaign, which ended Smandych said. "The support
in January, well above the goal and enthusiasm from the ad-
of 10 per cent set at the outset, ministration was great."
according to university RCMP University staff designed
officer Bernie Smandych. posters for the hits list and the
After thefts were seen as a RCMP monitored the network,
major problem last year, Staff was encouraged to "talk
Smandych said the campaign to strangers and make them
stressed that students should realize that they can't sneak
keep their property on them, around," Smandych said.
"Students   are   sitting Physical changes were
worst month for wallet thefts.
New lockers were installed in
the aquatic centre to improve
safety, the bookstore began
allowing students to take their
packs into the store in September, andthe hospital hired
an additional security coordinator in response to the
The RCMP will continue
to monitor wallet thefts at the
university and urged those involved to continue the program. Traffic safety awareness
is the new focus for 1991. The
RCMP is currently working
with ICBC and UBC Parking
and Security to produce a game
February 20,1991
THE UBYSSEY/3 Lookjipon life.
nAth new eyes
Join The Ubyssey
SWB 241%
will be at Westex.
For further information about Westex call:
(604) 684-9338, FAX 684-9337, or write
Westex/Wesl Coast Music Exposition, #506-
402 W. Pender St., Vancouver, B.C. V6B 1T6
Who:        any 1991 graduating student
When:      Monday, March 4 to Wednesday, March 6, 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Where:    Student Union Building, Room 111
How:       To make an appointment please phone 430-2674 between the hours
of 8:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.
Special:   If you have had a Grad portrait taken this year and are unhappy,
bring a proof of photography and receive a free sitting.
• Five backgrounds to choose from  • Traditional and contemporary poses
• Design your own sitting • Proofs mailed directly to your residence
• Proofs are yours to keep • No order deadline
Through our Graduation photography program we strive to
create portraits that express the pride of achievement and reflect the
challenges, goals, and good times of your graduating year. ^L j^. C2rT1J\ TC ®
"We make the good memories last." mklLJj 1 CiSJj
° ^ ■'CANADA.   LTD.
What in the world can you do with an Arts Degree?
Find out what you can do with your Arts degree at our career centre. We want to help you
plan your career.
Our career workshops will help you identify resources and develop skills:
• Interview Survival Skills (Feb. 21)
• Resume Preparation (Mar. 4 and 21)
• Career Search Strategies (Mar. 11)
(All workshops are between 12:30 - 1:20 pm)
Our career library provides resources about Arts programs al UBC and career opportunities.
Titles that highlight jobs opportunities for those with an Arts background include:
• Career Opportunities for Liberal Arts Graduates
• Global Pursuits: Career, Educational, and Travel Opportunities in International
Our career advisors provide individual and small group consultation regarding resume
preparation at these times:
• Tuesdays and Thursdays, 11:00 am
Our career films provide valuable information and ideas:
• Resume Writing and Job Interview Skills (Mar. 6, 12:30)
• How to Get the Job You Want! (Mar. 20, 12:30)
Pre-registeration preferred, drop-ins welcome as space permits.
For information call 228-3811.
Scientists for Peace:
not an oxymoron
by Marina Deluca and Douglas
TORONTO (CUP) — Science for
Peace. It sounds like an institution
out of George Orwell's 1984. After
all, science has been linked to war
since theinvention ofthe slingshot.
But Science for Peace is for
real and it is challenging the stereotype ofthe scienti st as a passive
worker employed by the state to
produce machines for war.
"Traditionally, scientists have
played a very low-key role when it
comes to politics," according to
Stanley Jeffers, a physics professor
in the York chapter of Science for
Peace. "But I think in this age of
highly sophisticated technologies
for warfare, science can play a role
in working for peace."
The organization, now approaching its fifteenth year, is
facing a formidable challenge as
Canadian forces play an offensive
role in the world's first all-out high
technology war.
Math professor Martin
Muldoon believes scientists should
take an active role in opposing the
"I think everybody should, but
scientists should in particular,
because it is we who are most responsible for developing the
weapons and technology which will
be used against people in this war."
"I think there is nothing worse
than to say 'I'm just doing my job'
and let other people worry about
the political aspects," Muldoon
continues. "I think it is irresponsible to claim that you are not
going to be political, and that is
impossible anyway."
Avoiding direct political activism, Science for Peace uses
education, lobbying and media
representation to bring home the
social implications of research.
Chester Sadowsky, a chemistry professor and founder of the
York chapter said: "We deal with
expert opinion.
"For example, we organized a
workshop on chemical-biological
warfare. Day one was a public
session; day two was a workshop
for experts. We educate the experts
as well as the general public.
"We also consider ourselves a
pressure group," Sadowski adds,
"a sort of lobby group, but we don't
employ lobbyists. We respond to
government actions and defence
reports by making representations
to the government. We also work
with the media, as
experts...advising on issues."
According to Muldoon, Canadian scientists are often drawn into
military technology research
through grants and contracts from
the Canadian and US forces. Although York has a policy of not
accepting secret contracts—which
rules out any direct development
of arms technology on campus—
Muldoon says many scientists still
become involved in weapons
"It's a little difficult to draw
the line sometimes," he explains.
"There are times when the military—particularly the US military—gives money to people with
no strings attached. In fact, these
people are dependent on the military for funding and when it comes
to the crunch these people can be
counted on to do direct military
research. One is still in danger of
having one's work geared in that
According to York's Office of
Research Administration, there
are currently several research
projects on campus funded by the
Department of National Defence.
Most of these involve 'pure,'
speculative research in such areas
as chemistry and particle physics.
In Sadowski's view, military
research andindustryhaveadirect
and active political role in the Gulf
"There's an obscene triangle,"
he says. "Saddam Hussein, the
exploited people of Iraq, and the
government and manufacturing
sectors ofthe industrial nations."
"This is probably the first
conflict in world history where we
had a chance to do something
without going to war," Muldoon
says. "I think what is going to come
out now is the allies are going to
win but in the course of that they
will kill tens of thousands of people
and spend billions of dollars."
Making Choices that Matter
A Retreat with KAREN RIDD.
Noted dramatist, peacemaker,
author and human rights advocate.
Friday evening, February 22 to Sunday noon, February 24
in scenic Deep Cove, North Vancouver
Cost:       $25 per person or
$40 for two (includes food & ace.)
Sponsored by:       Student Christian Movement
(Anglican, Lutheran, United Church)
Info:        224-3722
The Ubyssey women's caucus will hold
a meeting this Monday, February 25,
noon, at SUB 241 K
All women interested in contributing
to the upcoming womens' issue
are encouraged to attend.
February 20,1991 Forum
'esses Canada's future
by Franka Cordua-von Specht
A UBC group frustrated by
Canada's constitutional crisis is
encouraging more Canadians to
eyeball thegangrenous wound that
Meech Lake left behind.
The Other Citizens' Forum,
an independent group founded by
students and faculty, organized a
conference this past weekend
called "Alternative Visions:
Canada in the 1990s."
The group hopes to infuse
grassroots and participatory democracy into the constitutional
On Friday four distinguished
guests speaking at UBC's Freddy
Wood Theatre laid bare their visions of the country's future with
or without Quebec.
Guest speakers included
former BC supreme court justice
Thomas Berger, Native student
activist Jenny Jack, Council of Canadians chair Maude Barlow
and playwright andmusician John
The evening opened with Gray
leading the audience of 250 (student participation was down, likely
because of a $10 admission fee) in
the national anthem, which showed
how disparate Canadians are.
"Before we start, let's get the
words straight," said Gray, noting
that different generations have
learned different versions and now
there's no agreement on how to
sing it. "That just illustrates the
problem," he said.
Not everyone stood or sang
the anthem. Speaker Jenny Jack,
a member of the Tlingit nation,
waited calmly for the singing to
"Once land claims are settled
then aboriginal people can stand
up and be proud of the country,"
the UBC law student said.
Jack blamed much of the
alienation she feels on the handling ofthe Meech Lake constitu
tional accord that escalated the
crisis to the point where "Canada
was just about killing Mohawks
and other Aboriginal people."
As for Quebec, she is unsure
whether she can live in a country
that includes the Surete de Quebec
(the provincial police force). "They
oppress everybody, but especially
the Mohawk people."
She believes the federal government refused to discuss sovereignty with the Mohawk people
because then they would have to
discuss it with Quebec.
"Sovereignty doesn't have to
be a dirty word," Jack sai d. But she
does want to know how Quebec
defines it.
So does Thomas Berger.
Berger said the Quebecois are
entitled to sovereignty, but only
under the conditions that leave no
special ties with the rest of Ca nada.
He rejects Quebec premier
Robert Bourassa's desire for
Canada and a sovereign Quebec to
share a common currency, a central bank and a custom's union.
"[Bourassa] fudges the true
meaning of independence. It is
important to understand that Canadian currency and the Bank of
Canada are instruments by which
Canadians can control monetary
and fiscal policy," Berger said.
"Why would Canada agree to share
this institution with another coun
try, an independent Quebec?"
Berger said political leaders
in Quebec should also inform the
Quebecois how they define independence.
"For Quebec it must be a moment of truth unobscured by
soothing sounds from English
Canada about accommodating
Quebec in some absurdist
confederal state," he said.
"The departure of Quebec
would be an enormous loss," he
But he warned that English
Canada should not rush into a
Super Meech debate. "There would
be no one representing Canada,
not Mulroney—he's a deal-maker,
not a nation-builder."
Berger wants English Canada
to take stock ofthe values of federalism and reminded the audience
of the value of such programs as
Medicare and institutions like the
Maude Barlow linked the demise of federalism to free trade
and prime minister Brian
Mulroney* s deregulation policies.
She said Canada is being
pulled into what she terms "Fortress North America"—a society
built on American technology and
capital, Canadian natural resources and Mexican cheap labour.
She fears big business will
operate at the trans-national level
without regard to social and environmental conditions.
"What we are talking about on
the North American continent is
the removal ofthe democratic right
to control the terms and conditions
of these companies in our countries," she said. "That's what deregulation is about."
Barlow then described what
the Free Trade Agreement with
the US has done to Canada's policy
on energy.
"You [Canadians] have nobody
to go to, you have no agency, no
organization, no government body
where you can go and say Td like
to have some input about how we're
developing,"" she said "The policy
is alack of policy."
She believes that if Quebec
separates, both Quebec and
Canada need to "build two independent countries side-by- side" to
counter the corporate-run "new
world order."
Most passionate ofthe speakers was John Gray, who talked of
his travels in Canada ("a time when
you could still take the train," he
He warned of the "claus'rro-
phobia you get when your psychic
space is confined to one of these
damn provinces."
"I mean who wants to have
British Columbia as a country?"
he asked. "Imagine Vander Zalm
with troops."
Possible solutiions to Canada's future explored
by Graham Cameron
Over 150 people grappled with Canada's future this weekend. They came up v/ith a
number of recommendations for constitutional reform during aUBC-based Other Citizens'
Forum conference:
-The participants recognized the Quebecois' right for self-determination, but hoped
Quebec would voluntarily choose to remain a vital part of Canada.
Aboriginal Issues
-Aboriginals constitute Nations within the state, and governments have an obligation
to recognize Native rights and negotiate land claims*
Free Trade
-The majority of participants demanded immediate abrogation of the accord, while
others called for negotiations aimed at improving the agreement and withdrawal only if
talks failed.
Canadian Culture in the 1990s
-Great concern was voiced about the current globalization of mass media. The CBC
was Called upon to promote a distinctly Canadian view on world news.
Alternative Visions of Canada
-Participants preferred the existing federal system (with some reforms) and strongly
opposed decentralization.
-Faced with Quebec nationalism, federalism will undoubtedly change giving
Quebec special status with corresponding powers over culture, language, education,
and immigration.
Bilingualism and Minority Language Rights
-Official French/English bilingualism is important, but whether bilingualism
could survive in a Canada without Quebec was questioned.
-Any official capacity for other minority languages was rejected, though it was
accepted that they could be used on local levels.
Participatory Democracy
-Constitutional reform must not come from the top down as in the Meech Lake
debacle but through an elected and independent Constituent Assembly.
Regionalism and Senate Reform
-While there was strong support for an elected Senate, the Triple-E version was
not specifically endorsed.
-The current system does not allow for sufficient regional (especially Western)
representation in national politics.
In The Old Auditorium
February 15 to 20, 1991
(SPECIAL NEW YEAQ COMBO $3.25 (includea GST)
Served Ua.m. to 130 p.m.
£^*-S-ZX~Z2S'St X?
S&SS  SrfS. S
iLulZ 3®*LaserPrinting
FAX 224-4492
FRI 8-6    SAT-SUN 11-6
Methods of employing exercise
as a stress management technique.
Wednesdays: February 27 th
March 6th, 13th, 1991
All Sessions:  12:30 - 2:20 p.m.
in Brock 204D
Pre-register at Office for Women Students
Brock 203   Tel:   228-2415
February 20,1991
THE UBYSSEY/5 Beaux Gestes builds bridges
By Leah Postman
At a time when, in this
xountry, the differences
between the French and the
English seem almost irreconcilably polarized, any attempt to
search out points of connection
between them appears rather
idealistic, if not naive.
By Marie Lynn Hammond
Vancouver Little Theatre
February 13-March 10
Marie Lynn Hammond, in
her bilingual play De Beaux
Gestes and Beautiful Deeds,
strives to illuminate these
seemingly impossible connections by dramatizing her own
English and French Canadian
background and by weaving the
voices of both into song.
The play is unconventional,
a sort-of autobiographical
cabaret of memory and imagination. The central figure is Marie
Lynn herself, as the songwriter
and 'medium' of the story.
She 'conjures' up her two
grandmothers at the point where
they are unwillingly brought
together by the impending
marriage of her parents.
Both women tell their
stories: Elsie, the paternal
grandmother, is a pampered,
English-Canadian Protestant;
Corinne, the maternal grandmother, is an impoverished
French-Canadian Catholic.
From their lives, Marie Lynn
creates songs, building a bridge
which connects the experience of
the women as Marie Lynn and
her grandmothers discover ways
to transcend cultural differences.
A press release for Des
Beaux Gestes states that it is the
author's story of her personal
struggle to reconcile her split
French/English identity. However, the role of Marie Lynn is
completely neutral.
She sings that her head is
English and her heart French,
but the song seems strangely
detached. She doesn't participate
in her grandmothers' struggle so
much as cheerfully respond to it
through song.
Unfortunately, the overall
tone ofthe play is just that—
cheerful. The direction, by
Rejean Poirier, is surprisingly
flat in terms ofthe modulating
emotions and the uncertain
quality of interaction between
Marie Lynn and her grandmothers.
We don't see Marie Lynn
share in the emotions her
grandmothers reveal. Chantal
Morin, as Marie Lynn, has a
beautiful voice and is a strong
anchor for the two other women.
But she is kept too far in the
The show stealer is Nicole
Robert as Corinne, the French-
Canadian grandmother. Her
performance is sincere and
humourous, and the pathos of
her situation transcends any
limitations in understanding the
French she speaks. The scene
where she and Elsie finally meet
is a piece of fine comic acting.
Lois Dellar as Elsie doesn't
fair as well. Her performance
was too theatrical and needed
more subtlety and emotional
connection. The character is
supposed to be rebellious and
flighty but she just came off as
being false.
Vancouver Little Theatre is
well-suited to this production.
Designed by Nicole Dextras, the
set, an attic where Marie Lynn
sorts through old pictures and
memorobilia, draws on the
closeness ofthe Little Theatre,
creating a confidential, intimate
Hammond's play is a small,
idealistic voice in danger of
being engulfed by louder, more
cynical voices. The "beaux gestes
and beautiful deeds' are those of
love and hope which carry the
legacy of division and the
potential to rise above all
Ancient Cultures and Andean Breezes
Saturday the 9th
La Quena
Standing in the smoking section
near the back—I don't smoke —
air stuffy, warm
show starts
Latin American
Six guys
playing instruments; unusual
charango—small guitar made from
an armadillo shell
grain stick—long, wide bamboo
with grain inside
zampona—pan flute—reeds, some
taken from Lake Titicaca
flute—some bamboo—used to be
femurs of animals
and more—35 instruments in total.
Ancient Cultures
La Quena Coffee House
February 9
by Fiona Buss
Tey say the music they play
as ancient roots, but it has
a modern message.
When the music Ancient Cultures was first played in the 1960s,
South American governments,
such as that ofthe Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, reacted by
banning its performance, removing
it from the airwaves and murdering folk musicians.
The music has multicultural
influences, not just one ancient
culture. The percussion comes from
the African slaves brought to South
America around the 18th century;
the strings are European, and the
winds—like Andean breezes—are
the contribution of the native
peoples of Latin America.
Ancient Cultures was formed
three years ago, in Vancouver and
was brought together by shared
connections at La Quena, the nonprofit, Latin American coffee shop
on Commercial Drive.
The band includes members
from Chile, Mexico and Guatemala.
One of the band members, Carlos
Galindo, is a graduate biology
student at UBC.
This concert at La Quena, although breathing room only, was
hand-clapping, foot-stomping fun,
and brought yelps of delight from
the audience. Even without understanding Spanish, the music
spoke of dancing arm in arm with
amigos, misery and unfairness, a
remembered constant yearning for
political freedom, and was defiantly
fused with laughter, good humour
and wit.
If you want a glimpse into an
ancient culture, and an encounter
Long Walk hits home
by Kramer and Shelbourn
The Long Walk Home
provides a welcome change
in that it examines the actions
and experiences of two low
profile women—a stark contrast
from the traditional Hollywood
movies that repetitively focus on
the more prominent members
involved in (or against) the Civil
Rights Movement.
Set in 1955, the film details
the lives of two women during
the Montgomery, Alabama bus
boycott, a time when black
Americans publicly protested
segregated seating.
The Long Walk Home
Whoopi Goldberg is excellent
in her portrayal of Odessa
Cotter, the black maid who
works for a well-to-do white
family and a woman who
increasingly comes to realize the
personal and societal necessity of
her stand against the long held
injustices of racism.
Sissy Spacek is also wonderful as Miriam Thompson, the
white home-maker who employs
Odessa and who gradually comes
to oppose the subjugation of
blacks—a situation which
Miriam had previously never
Dwight Schulz and Dylan
Baker effectively portray
Norman and Tunker Thompson,
the husband and brother-in-law
of Miriam. Tunker, a radical
segregationist, uses the threat of
a loss of economic and political
power to the black community in
order to influence Norman who
in turn questions and then
rejects his own pseudo-
liberationism towards black
Odessa and Herbert Cotter's
(Ving Rhames) children are
beautifully played by Erika
Alexander (Selma), Richard
Habersham (Theadore) and
Jason Weaver (Franklin). The
Cotter children show (to a slight
degree) the conflict that was
present within the black American community—Selma rides the
bus to go to town for coffee
despite the boycott—during this
time of unrest and that internal
conflict was not present solely in
white America.
While The Long Walk Home
can be commended for examining
the different realities for blacks
and whites and more particularly, those between white
women and men, it fails to
portray the different life experiences for black women and men.
As social interactions with
their respective peers are shown
as united in the Civil Rights
Movement, there is no representation of any discrepancy in
attitude among black women and
black men. Yet, all in all, it is a
film well worth the inflated price
of eight dollars—bring a friend
and plenty of Kleenex.
a love letter
LA Story: J^g
by Torben Rolfsen
LA. Story, written by and
starring Steve Martin,
actually doesn't have much of a
story at all. The thin plot is a
rather tired take on the old man-
gets-reluctant-woman tale.
The man (Martin) and the
woman (his off-screen wife
Victoria Tennant) each opt for
diversionary affairs with others
before finally finding "true"
happiness with each other.
Boring, right?
LA. Story
Not really. The real reason to
see L.A. Story is the city itself,
and all the fun Martin and
British director Mick Jackson
have with it.
Every facet of the L.A.
attitude is sent up in subjects
such as restaurants, clothing
stores, driving, show business
and the weather. While satire is
hardly new to these topics, rarely
has it been applied with such
sweeping charm.
The film is a sensual feast.
Martin and Jackson's Los
Angeles is full of tasteful neons,
hot pastels and breezy palm
trees. Visual puns and sight gags
abound, including homages to
film classics like La Dolce Vita,
2001: A Space Odyssey and
Battleship Potemkin. The music
is a refreshing blend of New Age
pop and classical.
Considering that Martin
manages to squeeze in a lot of
funny stuff here, the film unfolds
at a surprisingly meandering
pace. Those expecting a laugh-a-
minute will be disappointed by
the movie's several reflective
The acting is effortless, and
good. Martin is his usual
endearing self. Tennant does a
fine job and Marilu Henner and
Richard E. Grant
(Withnail & I, How To
Get Ahead In
Advertising) are quite
adequate in supporting roles that
would have just been throw-
aways in a lesser project.
In total, L.A. Story comes
across like a string of loose
sketches and ideas brought
together under the umbrella of a
movie. It's Steve Martin's love
letter to Los Angeles: he
simultaneously relishes the place
and acknowledges its quirky
Plot or no plot, if you want
some quality laughs or just a 90-
minute break from February in
Vancouver, it's well worth
February 20,1991 Noble images
Kashtin sing of Native pride
by Effie Pow
T'hey are two Montagnais
Indians from Quebec, they
sing songs that are a mix of
traditional Native music and
rock 'n' roll, and they sing a
language other than English.
Will they be welcome outside of
Quebec or appreciated more in
For the musical group
Kashtin, the personal doesn't get
more political.
Town Pump
February 25
Florent Vollant and Claude
McKenzie form the core singing
and songwriting partnership of
Kashtin. With a name that
means tornado' in Innu, Kashtin
can't seem to escape descriptions
such as 'blowing into town' or
'taking the world by storm.' Have
no fear, no weather analogies
These two performers who
grew up in the Maliotenam
reserve near Sept-Iles, are
singing about pride. With their
popular blend of folk and
contemporary music, they are
affirming the identity ofthe
Montagnais Indians and other
Native peoples.
Vollant often says: "Just to
be an Indian is a political thing."
He asserts that as musicians he
and McKenzie support Native
issues the best they can in their
roles, but their music is different
from the politics they are
inevitably linked to. And they
can only express themselves
through the medium they know
and love the best.
"It's not easy to separate the
personal and political, but we are
only musicians. Politicians do
what they have to with the
power they have. If they do it the
way we do music, it's going to be
"Our reality is a tough
reality. We have to defend our
identity, our language and land.
Kashtin is a band that helps the
cause with our music. We don't
want to take guns to fight."
According to Vollant,
language is not a barrier for
audiences because the topics of
their songs are common to
everyone and the emotions are
universal. "We sing in Innu, a
language that 10,000
Montagnais understand, but our
feelings are the same. We sing
about our people, friendships,
our spirit, our land, our children
and our emotions."
Vollant believes people
understand Kashtin's themes,
especially in their live performances. "We try to be real in our
music. So it's easy for people to
understand when we are happy
or when we feel the blues—and
when we feel rock'n'roll."
"Some people sing with us,
some follow the rhythm, and
some even cry. When you cry in
English, I think it is the same in
Montagnais, no?"
Vollant and McKenzie have
known each other for ten years,
both were in other bands before
they joined forces to form
Kashtin. Vollant's earlier band
was more acoustic and fold-
influenced compared to
McKenzie's rock and roll style.
Before Kashtin was a
reality, Vollant quit his band and
took a year off. He moved back to
northern Quebec to be with his
parents and immersed himself in
the traditional Native life.
Meanwhile McKenzie had
left his rock group and moved to
Montreal to play in the Metro
(subway). A year later they
united their talents and began to
tour the reserves. "We said, 'we
have to play music, we have to
know what we can do' and
formed Kashtin. We put our
instruments in a truck and
called people on reserves."
The two musicians found
their styles to ba complementary
and the influences are evident.
"Growing up on the reserves,
when we were young we listened
to traditional music, country
music, Beatles, Eagles and the
Rolling Stones. When we are
together on stage, we find the
mix of folk music and rock
One of Vollant's favourite
songs has become an anthem for
the Innu people. "Tshinanu
(Ourselves) is a special song. It's
a song that makes our people
proud to be who they are. We are
an example for many young
Natives. If we have a message,
it's for our generation to grow up
in peace."
He adds: "And I love the
traditional beat in the song,"
as if he could feel the rhythm on
his tongue.
Kashtin's music sparked the
interest of a larger audience
when a Montreal television crew
visited the reserve. And their
current producer got in touch
with them after seeing them on a
news program.
With the release of their
first, self-titled album, Kashtin
has met with success in Quebec
and Europe, but besides airplay
on Muchmusic, the group has
had limited exposure in other
areas of Canada. Next Monday,
Kashtin makes their Western
Canadian debut at the Town
"We are distinct, we are different, we were here first, we
possess inherent aboriginal
rights that belong to us."
from Our Chiefs and Elders
by Kathryn Weiler
Dioes the romantic portrait
often painted of Natives
represent the ethnocentric
stereotypes created by
non-natives? Are these people
icons of a fading culture or are
they simply like anyone's
grandparents? David Neel's
thoughtful photo exhibit called
Our Chiefs and Elders, prompts
these questions.
Our Chiefs and Elders
UBC Museum of Anthropology
"The work of historical
photographers has been to build
the myth of Natives as a vanishing race," said photographer and
artist David Neel, a Kwagiutl
Neel also believes that when
historical photographers romanticize the Hollywood Indian they
inaccurately suggest that "if
there is no viable culture, there
is no need to address the concern.
"I wanted to go back to the
leadership in the community in
the hope of dispelling these
ideas. I wanted to work with
them instead of taking from
them," he said.
Neel also wishes to show
these people "not as illustrations
but as the people that they are."
^■cording to Neel, the elders
are an important part of the
Indian movement but they
should not be romanticized.
When they die, the whole culture
will not die. "It is not a matter of
disappearing it is a matter of
changing and adapting," Neel
What is most satisfying
about this exhibition is that it
presents refreshing angles of
Natives as people. Moreover,
Neel conveys the respect that
this culture deserves to the
native movement not a dying
It took Neel two years to
compile the 55 photographs and
interviews. From a family of
artists, Neel blends traditional
with contemporary mediums. He
recently completed a photo
exhibition of Black culture in
Wisdom, regalia and nobility
are among the powerful imagery
evoked in the numerous photographs which include Native
elders in traditional dress,
alongside more candid shots of
the same elders laughing and
spontaneous. Texts from interviews with the subjects are
The variety of settings depict
the elders as venerated leaders
and people living their day-today lives. These two aspects of
their lives are not separate. Both
elements make up their identity.
This rich mixture of images
possess an intangible element of
power and realism. The text is
also important as it presents a
melange of old memories and
new ideas. Some of the text have
certain folkloric qualities while
others communicate more recent
socio-political ideas.
This exhibition appears to be
a microcosm of a much broader
movement—showing natives in a
different, more positive light. As
the next few years promise to be
crucial for native rights, a
display such as this is rather
What is most satisfying
about this exhibition is that it
presents refreshing angles of
Natives as people. Moreover,
Neel conveys the respect that
this culture deserves.
But more importantly, this
exhibition confirms the notion
that Natives can certainly speak
for themselves:
"I believe that rights,
aboriginal rights and aboriginal
freedoms, they belong to us and
we have to protect them, by
standing up for them. Because if
we don't do it, we know that the
white bureaucrats, white
politicians and white governments were not set up to look
after our rights. Obviously."—
Chief John Mathius.
February 20,1991
THE UBYSSEY/7 Nominations open for the following positions:
Vice President (Administrative)
Vice President {Departmental Communications}
AMS Rep (four to be elected}
General Officer (eight to be elected)
General officers are assigned portfolios such as : Sales Manager,
Sports Rep., Social Rep., Office Manager, Secretary etc... after
assuming office.
Any Arts student is eligible to stand for electionfor more information, please contact the AUS office, at Buchanan A107,228-4403
Nominations are due no later than 3:30 pm in Buch A107 on
Friday, March 1st       Voting will occur on March 11th to 13th.
Bucket 'Birds get first
- with a little help
by Mark Nielsen
Who's the biggest fan of the
lowly University of Calgary Dinosaurs men's basketball team? How
about Bruce Enns, coach of the
mighty UBC Thunderbirds?
After jeopardizing their
chances of finishing first in the
Canada West basketball regular
season with a 103-93 loss to the
University of Lethbridge
Pronghorns on Friday night, the
last place Dinos sent the
Thunderbirds a gift—namely an
86-84 victory over the University
of Victoria Vikings in Calgary the
next evening. UBC, meanwhile,
defeated Letherbridge 114-90.
Israel Week 91 o   Israel Week 91  n   Israel Week 91 o   Israel Week '91 o   Israel Week 91
Israel Week '91
Late Sammen Blues
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Wifnj/W.HnSUiMrsifr       Cral:(9
Israel Week 91  o   Israel Week 91  o   Israel Week 91  >i   Israel Week '91 o   Israel Week '91
Triathlon BarSports
Entry Fee $2.00
Grad Centre
8 pm,
Friday, Feb 22
Yeah Dinosaurs. And yeah
David Johnson who sunk two free
throws in the final second of the
second overtime to ice the Calgary
The outcome meant that UBC
and UVic finish the regular Canada
West season tied for first with
identical 15-5 won-lost records and
each one won two ofthe four times
they met. But, because they
outscored the Vikings by 11 points
over the four games played against
each other, the T-Birds get first
place and home court advantage in
the Canada West playoffs..
Enns said defence will be the
key to their success in post-season
"Every time we've won this
year, it's because we played good
defence, and every time we've lost,
it's because we haven't," Enns said.
The Thunderbirds will also be
helped by the return of fourth year
forward Jason Leslie who has
missed two games with a twisted
The Birds will host the
Pronghorns in a best-of-three semifinal this weekend at War Memorial Gym. Game times are set for
7:30 on both Friday and Saturday
nights, and 2 p.m. on Sunday should
a third game be necessary.
T-Birds smell an upset
by Mark Nielsen
After clinching first place in
Canada West basketball play by
upsetting the league-leading University of Victoria Vikettes over
the weekend, the University of
Calgary Dinosaurs are pretty
happy. So are the UBC
That's because of all the teams
the fourth place Thunderbirds
would be facing in the first round
ofthe Canada West Championship
Tournament next weekend (March
1-3), host Calgary is the one they
want to play most.
Although the final scores may
not show it, Thunderbirds coach
Misty Thomas points out that her
team has given Calgary some
strong runs over the four games
they have played against each
other this season.
"We match up better against
Calgary than any other team in
the Canada West," Thomas said.
"So when we found out Calgary
finished first, they were pretty
happy but we were next in line
because we want to play Calgary."
Faced with the task of not only
beating UVic twice over the
weekend, but doing so by a combined total of 29 points, the Dinos
won 75-68 on Friday and then 88-
65 on Saturday to surpass the quota
by a single point.
The playoff tournament's
single-loss knock-out format, as
opposed to the best-of-three format used last year,will also assist
the underdog UBC team, according
to Thomas.
"Pulling off two upsets (winning the opening round and then
the final) is half as hard as what
we would have had to do before,"
she said.
The biggest task, instead, may
be putting their two losses to the
University Lethbridge Pronghorns
over the weekend behind them.
Not a tall order.
UBC swimmers making waves
by Martin Chester
The UBC swim teams are
making a bigger splash in the pool
this year.
This past weekend, the
women's team placed first in the
Western championships of the
Canadian Interuniversity Athletics Union and the men placed second. Next week members of both
teams will heading to Halifax for
the CIAU championships.
Women's team captain Sally
Gilbert said the men had a good
chance for a strong finish, but the
women's team would have a
tougher time, even though they
had a better finish this weekend.
"I think the men's team has a
good chance of coming in second or
third," she said, but the women's
team will have heavier competition.
"There are some strong teams
from Quebec and Ontario," she
said. The University of Toronto,
The University of Montreal, and
Guelph University all have strong
women s teams.
"We're getting a little stronger, but it's pretty much the same
team as we sent last year," she
said. Ayear ago the team finished
sixth in the championships.
Nancy Lovrinic and Carmen
Boudreau have a chance to place
well and two or three of the relay
teams will probably win medals,
she said.
The overall team placement is
based on the total team points. "A
lot of CIAU swimming depends on
the numbers you send," she said.
The women's team will be
sending six swimmers to the CIAU
championships next week. Alison
Gilbert, Sally Gilbert, Lovrinic,
Michelle Woods, Boudreau and
Christine Gerencser all qualified.
The much improved men's
team, on the other hand, will be
sending a nine member contingent.
AccordingtoTurlough O'Hare,
"every qualifier did not go to the
Nationals last year."
O'Hare spent four years on
the Canadian National team and
competed at the 1988 Olympics in
Seoul, Korea, but did not compete
for UBC last year.
Three qualifiers, Dan Kupr,
Paul Higgins and Chris Erickson
were on the UBC team, but failed
to qualify last year.
Along with the improvements
of these three, the men's team have
added several high quality swimmers, in addition to O'Hare, including qualifiers Kevin
Draxinger, Kevan Bates, Jason
Bell, Lee Rinehart and Paul
Despite finishing second to the
University of Calgary in the
western championships, O'Hare
said, "I think they're beatable if
everyone on the team fires and
swims their best. We have nine
guys going to nationals, but what
we really need is abreast stroker."
He added that UBC's best
breast stroker, Barry Wosk, came
close to qualifying but fell tenths
of a second short.
"I think realistically, we are
shooting for a top three finish,"
O'Hare said.
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February 20,1991 SPORTS
Japan takes V-ball seriously
by Matthew Clarke
The UBC Thunderbird men's
volleyball team played Hosei University of Japan last Saturday and
all those who saw the match were
struck by the great contrast of play
ofthe two teams.
Hosei's impressive concentration, discipline, and the complexity of their offense differed from
the shear physical strength, raw
athleticism but, at times, sloppy
play displayed by their UBC opponents. Such differences point
directly to the different ways the
sport is run in the respective
countries. Furthermore, this contrast marks the difference in the
role that volleyball—and sport in
general—plays in the two societies.
Some ofthe differences can be
explained in that volleyball is,
along with baseball, one ofthe top
television sports in Japan and thus
itattracts top athletes. Conversely,
in Canada volleyball is growing
quickly but there is no national
league to help raise the exposure
and attract the best athletes.
UBC volleyball coach Dale
Ohman has both played and
coached against the Japanese and
is aware of the different view of
sport and how early this begins in
"They just don't have the
situation [like here] where kids
play 400 sports until they're 14
and then have to chose one,"
Ohman said. "Athletes [in Japan]
are steered towards the appropriate sport and they stay with it."
In Japan there is standardized
and centrally administered coaching. This and the virtually year
round practice youngsters are exposed to from an early age results
in players who are exceptionally
strongin the fundamentals as well
asthe complex strategies employed
in the Japanese style of play.
This contrasts sharply with
the task facing Canadian university volleyball coaches. Here,
coaches receive players who may
have taken up the sport in senior
high school and played for only a
three or four month season. Ohman
estimates that a Japanese volleyball player, before his first practice
at the university level, has already
received 10,000 hours of instruction while his (Ohman's) recruits
arrive with one-tenth of that.
"We spend 50 per cent of our
[practice] time repairing skills,"
Ohman says. "There is not enough
time to get Canadian players to
unlearn [their self taught methods]
and learn again properly."
The Hosei team defeated the
T-Birds in all three of their matches
last week and clearly asserted the
higher level of university volleyball
Hosei University of Japan in action against UBC last weekend.
Hosei won, 3 games to 1. steve chan photo
in Japan.
Interestingly, in the World
Championships last October,
Canada placed 11th while Japan
finished 12th. At the national team
level, Canadians are able to catch
up by combining North American
size and strength with the international level of technique and
concentration that can only be
developed in a full or near full-
time athlete.
This head start is achieved by
the Japanese through the attitude
that sport at all levels is a job.
Players and their coaches alike
are therefore under intense pressure from the families and support
groups ofthe athletes to develop to
the highest possible level. For
Japanese players, the coach is a
figure who has a great influence
over every aspect of their future.
However, the majority of
young Japanese athletes see this
rigidly controlled life as a fair trade
for the privileges and the chance
for almost guaranteed lifetime
employment enjoyed.
The players who excel at university ma^r be chopen by a "company team" which ensures lifetime
employment—usually teaching
and coaching—at executive salaries.
Through volleyball, UBC team
captain Rob Hill has experienced
three oriental cultures as well as
having a close hand look at the
volleyball systems of China, Korea
and Japan. He can see both the
positive and negative sides of the
environment he would have faced
as an athlete in Japan.
"They seem to have a 'coach is
always right' attitude that a lot of
North Americans couldn't handle,"
Hill says. "They put up with a lot of
crap but they know that volleyball
will take care of them, and the
ends may be worth the means as
the players lead a privileged life."
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50-50 T-SHIRTS
Come hear how you could spend
next summer working in
A representative from - SWAP,
The Student Work Abroad Programme
will be on campus:
Monday, Feb. 25th
S.U.B. room 207/209 at 12:30
A Programme of the Canadian Federation of Students
and TRAVEL CUTS... Going Your Way!
Outreach Schedule
Find out more about the student services available to you. The following
organizations will have representatives at Speakeasy's Outreach Desk, SUB
Concourse, across from Blue Chip Cookies. Other organizations which would
like to inquire about the use of the Outreach Desk, please leave a message for
Karen Fopp or Anita Lcc, Outreach Coordinators, at Speakeasy. Phone: 228-3777
Tuesday        Wednesday    Thursday Friday
Office for
(every 2nd
& Resources
of UBC
alma mater society
The Grad Council
is now accepting proposals for the
Proposals must:
1|  Be as specific as possible
2|   Include the following information:
• name of group requesting funds
• number of people working on project
• name of a contact person (include phone #)
• who will benefit from the project
• description of the project in detail
• a summarizing paragraph including
the most salient points
• the amount of money requested
• sources of other funds if applicable
There is a limit of one proposal per particular group of
graduating students.
There is an upper limit of $3,000 for each proposal.
Each group must be prepared to give a short
presentation of their idea to the members of the Grad
Class Council at the end of February.
The deadline for proposals is 4:00 p.m. Wednesday,
February 27,1991 and is final. No proposal will be
accepted after this date.
Proposals will be received at SUB Room 238.
Please contact Val Levens, c/o SUB 238, 228-3971
if you have any questions
February 20,1991
<                       %       X      ?       ^V.         ^v           ^         ^
k      -
■4^   >.  ^     AvS'^MSS^^M   v^«V**<«.\.^
This is reality, folks
AIDS is a reality in the gay community. So is anal
intercourse. What two males do together is their business but depicting this reality appears to contravene the
law by "Corrupting Morals" (section 163 ofthe Criminal
Code of Canada).
As part of their lesbian, gay and bisexual supplement, the Muse—the student newspaper at Memorial
University in St. John's, Newfoundland—chose to write
and publish an explicit article explaining safe and
unsafe sexual practices.
Using graphically explicit narratives, the article
detailed eroticized safe sexual encounters between gay
men. While intending to show that safe sex could be
sensual—the narratives depicted two men«ngaging in
oral and anal sex, and mutual masturbation—it also
addressed a health issue. The main purpose of the
article was to educate its audience by presenting material
on safe sex using non-clinical language.
Sadly, the reaction to the article was one of outrage.
Memorial University's student union society is now
preparing to set up a publishing board to review the
Muse's content. This is an attack on the Muse's editorial
autonomy and on the freedom ofthe press.
The university president condemned the article.
Initially, he threatened that tuition fees would increase,
due to a drop in donations as a result of the article.
Later, after the Muse staff pointed out that donations
did not go into the university's operating budget, he
retracted his statement and admitted the article would
not affect tuition.
Perhaps most seriously, however, a police investigation is underway. There has not been a single complaint
to bring the article to the police's attention, only media
coverage. (It only took a single phone call from a student
before CBC came rushing on campus in pursuit of this
sensationalist story.)
The investigation is supposed to determine whether
there are reasonable grounds tolay charges for depicting
anal sex.
We can't help but ask: If the descriptions were of
heterosexual sex, would they have been considered to
corrupt morals? Would they have interested anyone
other than those to whom it was addressed? The council,
the media, the university president and the police were
not the intended audience.
This is heterosexism, the monopoly of heterosexual
images and assumptions being enforced.
It reeks of homophobia.
Memorial University is a conservative campus in a
conservative city in a conservative province.
The gay and lesbian community in St. John's is
small. With the persecution they received following the
investigations into the Mount Cashel orphanage
(pedophilia should not be confused with homosexuality),
they are scared. In all likelihood the Muse is on its
The Ubyssey believes that the Muse had the right
to print the article in question and was right to do so.
Regardless of the questionable choice of language, the
article addressed a serious issue in a direct way without
clouding it with clinical language.
Freedom of speech and the press means editorial
autonomyfrom government. We strongly believe in this.
To degrade these freedoms restricts the free flow of
ideas we need to make informed decisions about our
Moreover, the homophobia ofthe reaction is reprehensible.
Consequently, The Ubyssey has decided to reprint
the Muse's article.
the Ubyssey
February 20, 1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
The following people take full responsibility for the
editorial content ofthe February 20,1991 issue of
The Ubyssey:
Rebecca Bishop
Martin Chester
Paul Dayson
Mark Nielsen
Laurie Newell
Franka Cordua von Specht
Graham Cameron
Elaine Griffith
Yukie Kurahashi
A gay men's guide to erotic safer sex
This article originally appeared in the
Lesbian and Gay
Supplement of the
Muse, the student paper at Memorial University in St. John's,
For the reasons
presented in our editorial we felt it necessary to print this editorial in its entirety.
The language
used in this article is
graphic and may be
offensive to some
readers. Readers
should use their discretion before reading it. Also, some of
the language in this
article may be offensive to women and for
this we apologize. But
in this situation it is
important to present
the article in its entirety.
-The Ubyssey
WARNING: This article uses explicit
language—if you can't
cope with reality
don't read on.
by Patrick Barnholden
and Padraic Brake
Fear of AIDS is no
reason to decrease the
amount of sex you have
or the number of sex
partners you have. As
gay men and lesbians,
we have adapted our
sexual practices to take
into account the risk
factors of the various
ways we live out our
passions. HIV is a virus
that is thought to cause
AIDS and it can be
passed from one person
to another during sex
through the exchange of
cum or blood. But remember since we
learned about how to
protect ourselves from
HIV we have had years
to make safe sex exciting, fun and worth staying awake for at night.
It is not the number of
people or the kind of
people you have sex with
that puts you at risk; it
is the specific high risk
activities—activities you
can easily avoid.
(a lower risk
As I woke up I could
feel Mark's hard cock
pressing into my ass. I
was immediately reminded of last night. My
first move was to reach
down beside the bed and
grab the last remaining
condom. Opening the
package as I could feel
Mark smearing my ass
with KY, I could only
think of the ecstasy I
would feel within minutes. I put the rubber on
the tip of his beautiful
cock and squeezed the tip
and rolled it down to the
base. Squirting more KY
onto his cock, he slipped
through my already-lubricated ass.
The eroticization of
safe sex has been crucial
in the efforts of our community to educate ourselves. Telling our stories
of wild safe sex serves to
make us all aware ofthe
myriad of possibilities for
lust and passion in our
lives. Anyone can become
infected with HIV but
anyone can also play it
safe. Learninghow to use
condoms safely and as-
sessingthe riskfactors of
various risk activities is
all you need to know to
play it safe.
(a no-risk activity)
I lay on my back as
Fred sat across my hips,
his limp cock resting on
my abdomen. I reached
my left hand up to his
left nipple as my right
hand took hold of his
cock and balls. Within
seconds I could feel his
cock hardening in my
hand. I slowly worked
my hand up and down
his shaft accelerating
my actions and pinching
his nipples as I worked
to make him cum. Soon
I heard the tell-tale
sounds from deep
within his throat and
knew that I was about
to feel his cum squirting
all across my chest.
When choosing a
condom always choose
latex—you can use either
lubricated or non-lubricated but always use additional water-based lubricant such as KY jelly
or Lubfax. One size fits
all but Trojans now has a
large size for a man with
a big ego. When putting
on the condom you can
squeeze some lubricant
onto the tip. Always
squeeze the air out ofthe
tip before you roll the
condom down. It never
hurts to practice on your
own (or with a friend) a
few time before you actually fuck with one.
Dental dams are
pieces of latex rubber that
act as a barrier when eating cunt. They are available at some drugstores
and at dental suppliers.
Condoms can also be cut
up one side and used in
the same manner.
CUM (a lower risk
I had heard Raghu's
message on the answering machine very clearly.
"I'll be over around ten
and suck your cock within
the first three minutes."
Raghu never wasted
time. The doorbell rang
at 10:04—I had thought
he would wait at least
until the door was closed
before he went down on
his knees and found his
way into my pants. Before I was even finished
my hellos, his mouth was
filled with my swelling
cock—looking down and
seeing his head moving
up and down and feeling
his tongue circling my
cock I felt at home once
again. Raghu speeded up
and slowed down his actions several times as he
brought me to the point
of explosion. "Oh, I'm going to come now Raghu,"
Imoaned. Hekepthislips
around me as my cum
shot down his throat.
Here are guidelines for
assessing the risks of
different activities.
-Anal intercourse (ass
fucking) without a
-Vaginal intercourse
without a condom.
-Sharing sex toys (dildos,
etc.) without thorough
cleaning or condoms.
-Any activity where there
is contact from one bloodstream to another.
-Anal or vaginal intercourse with a condom.
-Unprotected oral sex on
a woman with her period.
-Unprotected sex with a
man (cock sucking) with
or without swallowing
• French kissing.
• Drinking pee.
• Oral anal contact.
• Eating shit.
• Giving or getting head
(cocksucking) with
a condom.
• Getting head without
a condom.
• Giving head without a
condom, withou
• Oral sex on a woman
without a dental dam
outside of her period.
• Oral sex with a dental
February 20,1991 OP/ED
Sexism in the work environment
by Christina Chen
A woman walks into the office, heads turn, and someone approaches her. She makes an impression as she talks, but the impression is not based on what she
is saying. Rather, it is on the way
she looks—her figure, clothes, and
The men see her but don't
hear her. They take an interest in
her presence, but largely on her
appearance. Her thoughts, ideas,
and talents are eclipsed by an
almost insurmountable obstacle.
The length of time it takes for her
work to attract attention is a
function of how she presents
herself in the "working" environment.
One lighthearted remark
with ahint of sexual connotation,
or an outfit that accentuates her
figure, will discredit her in many
male colleagues eyes of being a
serious-professional. But she will
have effortlessly gained the role
of "sex-object-of-the-office." Unknowingly, she now ranks as the
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most popular topic of men's
"locker-room talk" and becomes
an object of male conquest. One
up-and-down look is all it takes to
undermine her credibility.
Her reputation is damaged
by an innocent ignorance: she had
mistakenly forgotten to put up a
stiff guard on every front. Her
friendliness earned not respectful
in return,
but a
If she   is
she is condemned. If she is not,
she is damned. Many men notice,
recognize, and help women gain
positions in power because they
are physically attractive. These
males don't promote their female
colleagues for the latters' potential abilities. Victims of their own
physical attractiveness, females
are degraded and disempowered.
Their achievement, however impressive, is interpreted by others
not as a result of their own merit,
but as privileged treatment of
male authorities.
Because of the wide prevalence of sexism in work environment, it is next to impossible to be
attractive, respected, and successful all at the same time without drawing out resentful or antagonist feelings from co-workers. These females must work
twice    as
hard      to
prove    to
others that
their looks
don't hamper their
brains from functioning efficiently. Yet, most people would
agree that attractive men are seldom subjected to such a test.
Unfortunately, plain-looking
women also face unjustified
prejudices. Along with their work,
they fade into the background
and become invisible. They inevitably are edged out of the limelight, deprived of any recognition.
That is, if their work is up to
standard. Otherwise, they'll hear
plenty of feedback—negative
It is a sin for an unattractive
woman to be vocal, or to know
her rights. All her efforts will
achieve is a label such as "militant feminist," "hard-nosed
bitch," or simply "a woman that
doesn't know her place." By being branded as a power-starved,
obnoxiously aggressive female,
she—like her attractive counterpart—is also stripped of rights
to stand on equal ground as her
male co-workers.
Despite the recent trend of
women taking traditionally
male-oriented occupations, true
equality is still only a distant
goal. Many special talents and
abilities are wasted because they
belong to women.
Sexist attitudes bring only
large scale losses of society's
valuable human resources. They
render no positive results, except
a boost to the ego of insecure
males. For everyone's sake, let
logic and maturity prevail over
these narrow minds.
Meet newsworthy people,
meet power crazed people,
meet boring people.
Make them all  look  like
Come join the ranks of
professional journalists
(in the making)
Weekend Test
MARCH 1, 2&3
CALL: 222-8272
Educational Centers
George Morfitt, FCA. Auditor General of British Columbia
Watchdog ofthe public purse. The man our
provincial government is accountable to on all fiscal
His clients are B.C.'s taxpayers. His job is to make
certain the province's $13 billion budget is spent
economically and efficiently.
The responsibility is enormous. But George excels
at turning challenging assignments into successful and
rewarding opportunities.
He has worked in many areas of business finance,
which led to his previous position a? Vice-President and
Chief Financial Officer ofthe Diamoi.d Group of Companies. He's been Chairman of the University       y -j <
of British Columbia's Board of Governors and Ar A
the Universities Council of B.C. A municipal k.     _
alderman. President of the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C. And inductee to the province's Sports
Hall of Fame.
George's CA has opened many of those doors.
"You can use the discipline, training and approach gained
from your professional designation to take leadership
roles throughout the fabric of Canadian society'
George Morfitt, CA and public watchdog.
If you're looking for a career with multiple
opportunities, write the Institute of Chartered
Accountants of B.C.
Our standards are higher.
Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
1133 Melville Street. Vancouver, B.C. V6E 4E5
Telephone: (604)681-3264 Toll-free 1-800-663-2677
George Morfitt's CA
introauced him to
February 20,1991
2529 ALMA ST. ♦ 224-2332
Karen Ridd
speaks about her experiences in
Central America
Monday, Feb. 25
SUB room 205 • 12:30
UBC Tools for Peace, Gobal Development Centre
&. UBC United Church Campus Ministry
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While Scott Feams (standing) strikes a pensive pose, Henry Czenczek follows
the bouncing puck.
Two CIVILized student athletes
by Michael Booth
Engineering at UBC has a
reputation of having one of the
most difficult course loads a student can undertake. Varsity athletes, on the other hand, are famous
for taking courses of dubious
quality with nicknames such as
"Football French" and "Rocks for
However, like the proverbial
exception to every rule, Scott
Fearns and Henry Czenczek are
successfully combining varsity
hockey careers with their pursuit
of civil engineering degrees.
When Fearns, a foward, and
Czenczek, a defenceman, arrived
at UBC five years ago, they knew
of each other only through chance
meetings during high school badminton tournaments. In the time
since, the two have become good
friends and have been roommates
for the last three years in UBC's
Walter Gage Residence. Furthermore, Czenczek will be in Fearns'
wedding party this summer.
Tne two players came to UBC
for roughly the same reason—their
parents. Fearns' parents wanted
him to go to school in Canada and
he settled on UBC. According to
Fearns, "SFU wasn't a choice because they didn't have a hockey
Czenczek did not originally
plan on attending university right
after high school. Instead, he
wanted to pursue a dream of a
career in the National Hockey
League by playing tier II junior
hockey in hopes of landing a schol
arship with a US college. His
mother had other ideas.
"My mother asked Jay
Barberie (a friend from White Rock
and current UBC teammate) to
convince me to go to UBC,"
Czenczek said. "Several other
friends were goinghere so I decided
to go to school and try out for the
hockey team."
For Fearns and Czenczek,
engineering was a career option
both had nurtured in the back of
their minds since high school.
"After my first job in grade
eight, I realized how much I hated
working," Czenczek said. "My first
job was dishwashing and I would
watch the waitresses and think
swhat a boring way to make a living.'" A trip to the councellor in
high school convinced him that
engineering was the career that
best suited his interests.
For Fearns, civil engineering
represents an opportunity to continue on in the family business.
Fearns'family owns a construction
company in Langley and he works
for his father during the summers.
School and hockey have made
both masters of time management.
However, such a structured life is
not without its negative aspects.
"Basically, all year while
you're playing hockey, you try and
keep up with assignments," Fearns
said. "T^en, once hockey is over,
you spendyour time learning what
everyone else has learned
throughout the term.
"Its tough to take on a full
engineering course load. Since
Henry is a little bit ahead of me I
have been able to go to him for help
when I didn't have time to see a
Czenczek added, "A lot of
people don't realize what you give
up to play hockey. You give up
skiing at Christmas and you give
up a lot of social activities. I have
also personally given up the opportunity to work over the Christmas
However, such dedication has
its rewards. Both players are alternate captains on the UBC team
and Czenczek was one of three
hockey players to win scholarships
for their high grade pointaverages.
Fearns recently set a career record
for most games played in the
Canada West conference.
Despite their athletic accomplishments, both are looking forward to having more time when
their playing eligibility runs out at
the end of this season.
"Scottie and I are planning to
definitely go skiing next winter,"
Czenczek said.
Thunderbirds are all but elimi-
natedfrom playoff contention after
losing 5-3 and tying 5-5 against
the University of Brandon Bobcats
in Manitoba last weekend.
The T-Birds finish their
regular schedule this weekend with
a pair of home games against the
league leading University of
Calgary Dinosaurs. Game times
Friday and Saturday are 7:30 at
the Thunderbird Winter Sports
February 20,1991


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