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The Ubyssey Aug 10, 1983

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Array Nuclear testing
Coral islands vapourized
in radio-active
  Pacific
By SARAH COX
"The natives are delighted, enthusiastic
about the atomic bomb, which has already
brought them prosperity and a new promising
future."
— U.S. navy press statement, April, 1946
Friendly people and lush coconut trees
greeted the first U.S. military ship to arrive on
the tropical island of Bikini in 1946.
The Marshall Islands' military governor
stepped onto Bikini's beach and summoned
the native people to gather around him.
Bikini atoll has been chosen for the first
series of U.S. nuclear bomb tests in the
Pacific, he told the curious people.
Scientists are experimenting with nuclear
bombs "...for the good of mankind and to end
all wars," said the governor. Turning to the
Bikini chief, he said the 167 islanders must be
moved immediately. He assured them they
would return after two atomic tests — the first
nuclear explosions since the atomic bomb had
been dropped on Nagasaki one year earlier.
DARLENE KEJU WAS ONLY THREE
years old when Operation Crossroads blasted
the Marshall Islands into the nuclear age. The
islanders watched in awe as blinding light and
mushroom clouds shattered the tranquility of
their small communities.
Only dots on the world map, the Marshall
Islands consist of 30 atolls — tiny coral islands
encircling a lagoon. They are a federated state
of Micronesia and have a population the size
of UBC's.
Keju has come from the islands to tell the
World Council of Churches' sixth assembly
about the 37 years since Operation Crossroads.
She grew up on one of the northern islands,,
downwind of Bikini. For her, the word
"cancer" is not just a nagging possibility; it is
something Marshallese have learned to
accept.
"We know we're dying out," she says.
"There's no cure for these radiation problems."
Keju's deep brown eyes stare through a
window at UBC's spacious campus — an
ocean of area for someone who has spent most
of her life on a crowded 66 acre island.
"Today, I have three tumours in my body
—one was take out recently," she says. "I
don't know what causes them, but like many
Marshallese I am afraid for the future."
Her soft stare lifts the veil which shrouds
the Marshall Islands.
After Operation Crossroads, 66 more
atomic and hydrogen explosions ripped
through the tiny coral islands. Six islands
were vapourized and many more, including
Bikini, were so contaminated with radioactive
fallout they were declared uninhabitable.
U.S. military vessels steaming into lagoons
became a common sight, giving notice of
impending danger from nuclear tests. Unable
to object, the islanders would be shipped to
another location with promises of return.
"They didn't even tell them when they
would be moved," says Keju. "They felt like
they were being treated like animals."
The Bikinians were moved a second time in
1947, after limited resources on their temporary home caused wide-spread malnutrition.
THE U.S. IS SUPPOSED TO PROTECT
the Marshallese, Keju says, referring to a United Nations mandate to develop the islands
toward self-sufficiency and to "protect the
inhabitants against the loss of their land and
resources."
"But our response is 'protect us from
whom?' We do not have any enemies. There is
no word in the Marshallese language for enemy."
Before the years of mushroom clouds and
ash-like fallout, the Marshallese also did not
have words for thyroid cancer, lukemia, cataracts, or for the hideously deformed babies
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MIIES
KWAJALEIN ATOLL
KEJU... one of many victims of U.S. nuclear tests
which later came to be known as "jellyfish".
More of these babies are born every year,
says Keju.
"The baby is born on the labor table, and it
breathes and moves up and down, but it is not
shaped like a hman being. It is colorful and
looks like a bag of jelly. These babies only live
a few hours.
"Sometimes, babies are born with growths
like horns on their heads, while others have six
fingers or toes," Keju says.
None of these problems occurred before the
testing began, she says.
The U.S. sends scientists and doctors to
examine the Marshallese, Keju says, but the
medical treatment is inadequate and people
often feel they are only being used for
experiments.
"They come and look at us as if we were
guinea-pigs. They never sit down with us and
tell us exactly what is wrong, or give us personal medical records. And Marshallese are
regularily shipped off to Honolulu, Cleveland, New York and elsewhere for cancer
surgery with no explanation whatsoever."
Reports from U.S. laboratory studies of
Bikini and other contaminated areas indicate
the islands are viewed as excellent sources for
studies.
"The habitation of these people on the
islands will afford most valuable ecological
radiation data on human beings," said a
report from the Brookhaven National Laboratory.
TWELVE YEARS OF NUCLEAR TEST-
ing has slowly poisoned the food chain, says
Keju. Some fish and shell-fish are no longer
edible, coconut trees are mutant, and fruit and
vegetables are half-rotten and deformed.
This destruction of Marshallese resources
has reduced the once self-sufficient islands to
total U.S. dependency.
The area's only source of income is from
Kwajalein military base, located on an island
restricted to people who once lived there.
The base functions around the world's largest lagoon, used as a target range for Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles shot from a Califor
nia base. The MX missile was tested there in
June, and the new Trident nuclear submarines
are expected to shoot missiles into the lagoon
later this year.
For Keju, growing up near Kwajalein base
brought frightening reminders of the weapons
poised over the world.
A red flag on Ebeye's pier often warns people away from the lagoon and recalls fisherman from the bay, she says.
"It means a missile is coming soon but we
never know when. Just recently, I learned
where the missiles come from, but most people don't know.
"Sometimes, some parts of the missiles land
on other islands. The next day, officers come
with gloves and pick them up. And the people
ask 'What is going on?' and they say 'Oh,
nothing.' But if it's nothing, why are they
covered up?" asks Keju.
THE MILITARY BASE HAS FORCED
Kwajalein landowners to live on Keju's tiny
home, disease infested Ebeye. Of the 8,000
people, only some are lucky enough to find
work on the Kwajalein base as janitors, messengers, maids, or gardeners.
The wages are low, says Keju, and the Marshallese are denied access to the first class
hospital, good schools, and numerous recreational facilities on Kwajalein.
"We're treated as second class citizens on
our own islands."
But an official at the U.S. consulate in Vancouver said the Kwajalein military base has
benefitted many Marshallese.
"Military bases bring economic progress to
an area because they provide civilian jobs for
the local community," he said. "But where
there are military bases there are inevitable
frictions with the local population and charges
of unfair treatment," said the consulate
employee, who refused to give his name.
Like most military bases, the Marshall
Islands base was chosen for its strategic location. The Islands are key stepping stones to
the Phillipines and the mainland of Asia,
countries economically allied to the U.S.
See page 2: ISLANDERS     u Page 2
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
Marshall Islanders forced off land
From page 1
"The Marshall Island's freedom
has to be defended," said the official.
The islands also fill climatic and
geographic requirements for nuclear
testing, he said. "Obviously, the
Marshall Islands were chosen because of the fact that it was the most
distant part of the.world from any
concentrated populated area."
This criteria can also be applied to
dumping grounds for radio-active
waste.
On the restricted island of Runit,
radio-active materials have been
bull-dozed onto one end of the island
and covered with a mammoth concrete dome.
A 1975 report from the U.S.
Nuclear Defense Agency says minute amounts of lethal plutonium will
be released through the dome.
"These, however, will be small
and insignificant compared to the
amounts already in the lagoon," the
report states.
Provisions for future storage of
nuclear waste have been made, said
the consulate official. Cannisters of
radio-active material will be lowered
=MfC
3UC
30C
onto the ocean floor in the latest
disposal plan, he said.
The U.S. is not the only country to
use the Marshall Islands as a nuclear
dumping ground. Japan recently
signed an agreement with the U.S.
allowing waste from Japanese
nuclear reactors to be deposited near
the islands.
Local feelings about these developments are expressed by a button
pinned to Keju's blouse.
"If it's safe, Dump it in Tokyo,
Test it in Paris, Store it in Washington, but keep my Pacific Nuclear
Free."
NUCLEAR TESTS HAVE ALSO
been conducted in other Pacific
communities, and an expanding
nuclear free Pacific movement is
finally linking communities with
similiar experiences.
Last summer, support from the
nuclear free Pacific movement led
Kwajalein landowners to occupy 11
of their former islands in Kwajalein
atoll.
The protest, called Operation
Homecoming, attracted more than
=3UC
1,000 islanders for a peaceful four
month occupation.
Half-forgotten traditions re-
emerged during the protest as people
fished for food, wove baskets, and
cooked together, said Keju.
"The people were glad to be on
their islands and felt a sense of freedom and peace. Kids really learned
about their culture for the first time."
The non-violent protest disrupted
missile testing and forced the Pentagon to negotiate a new, but temporary, lease agreement for the
islands. It provided greater compensation for victims alive during the
tests and allocated funds for improving conditions on Ebeye and other
islands.
"We want to be able to control our
own affairs and make decisions about
our lives rather than have dishonest
people do it," Keju says about the
3UC
SOC
WANTED
cms
1
W
Nominations are now open
for three (3) UBC delegates
to the Canadian Federation
of Students-Pacific Region
General Meeting in Nelson,
August 23-29.
Nominations close August 17.
Applications are available in
SUB 238.
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protests.
"We don't want our islands to be
used to kill other people. The bottom line is that we want to live in
peace."
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Phone 224-5615 WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 3
Threat to academic freedom lifted
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
The provincial government's proposed
changes to Bill 3 will restore academic freedom, UBC's faculty association president said
Monday.
"The changes to section two of the Public
Sector Restraint Act certainly lessen the threat
to academic freedom considerably," said
Dennis Pavlich. "I think we have won quite a
victory from that point of view."
Last Thursday the provincial government
announced it will remove the clause which
says public sector employees, including
tenured university professors, can be "fired
without cause". This would have abolished
tenure and seriously jeopardized academic
freedom in universities.
The legislation still intrudes on contractual
agreements made between the faculty and the
university, said Pavlich, referring to one of the
proposed changes which allows professors to
be fired "where the employer has insufficient
funds or where there is a reduction or elimination of specific programs or a shortage of
work."
Pavlich said the bill "makes a mockery" of
these agreements, but added that his statements were made from a purely personal point
of view.
The amendments' impact on university
autonomy is uncertain, he said.
The faculty association's executive reviewed
the legislation's preliminary regulations
Tuesday to determine the effect on UBC's
autonomy, but they were unavailable for
comment before press time.
"The threat to university autonomy may
still be there. We can't evaluate that until we
study the regulations," Pavlich said.
The faculty association will decide at a general meeting Thursday whether or not to join
Operation Solidarity, a coalition of union and
community groups organized by the B.C.
Federation of Labor to fight the government's
new restraint legislation.
Faculty at Simon Fraser University voted
overwhelmingly last Wednesday to join the
newly formed coalition. It marks the first time
SFU's association has joined forces with a
broad range of groups to fight a government
action.
Meanwhile, students at UBC have been
organizing their own coalition to oppose the
government's budget. Initiated by a graduate
student, UBC's Campus Community Alliance
has been formed, consisting of teaching
assistants, support staff, office and clerical
staff, some health workers and graduate
students.
The Alma Mater Society and the faculty
association are not yet official members, but
will decide whether or not to join at their next
meetings.
WCC 'censors' Irish exhibit
By CHRIS WONG
Cries of censorship and mistreatment have been voiced over the
expulsion of the Irish Prisoner of
War Committee from the World
Council of Churches' Agora market
place.
Hanna Kawas, spokesperson for
the Coalition of National Movements which includes the IPOWC,
said the committee's exhibit was
removed to pacify British and Irish
delegates.
"It seems that the British and Irish
delegates wanted it (the Agora) to
only serve their own interests," he
said.
In a letter addressed to the WCC
general secretary Phillip Potter,
IPOWC vice-chair Marion Malcolm-
son said the actions taken against
the committee contradicted the original intentions of the Agora.
Agora director, Michael Ingham
from the Vancouver Planning Com
mittee for the WCC, said concerns
raised from some delegates contributed to the decision to remove the
display. But it was not a case of censorship, he said.
The IPOWC overstepped the
conditions to be met by exhibiters in
the Agora, charged Ingham. The
display did not reflect the themes of
the WCC, he said.
"They used the booth to promote
literature of Sinn Fein (the political
wing of the Irish Republican Army)
and as such violated the terms under
which they were allowed in."
The credibility of the IPOWC in
light of their connection with the
IRA must be questioned, said
Ingham.
"The IRA has the support of no
church anywhere in the world. The
kind of atrocities they've carried out
is not the action of a legitimate liberation movement," he said.
Kawas said the display was not
intended to promote the IRA, but to
show support for Irish self determination.
"Their (the IPOWC) basis of
unity is not to promote a political
line, but to promote the well-being
of prisoners, ban the plastic bullets,
and get the British out of Ireland,"
he said.
The decision to remove the display was made by both VPC and
WCC officials, Kawas said. The
IPOWC was not consulted or given
a chance to defend itself before the
display was evicted, he added.
The controversial decision resulted in four groups leaving their
exhibit space to set up Liberation
Agora in the Graduate Student
Centre.
Ingham said these groups were
naive because they compared the
situation in Ireland with their own
movements.
Animals 'tortured' in UBC labs
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
UBC researchers conduct cruel
and unnecessary experiments on
animals, an anti-vivisectionist charged Thursday.
Twenty-three departments at the
university are engaged in animal
research that causes intense pain to
the animals involved, said Peter
Hamilton, founder of the Vancouver-
based Lifeforce animal rights society.
One particularly inhumane experiment is the spinal cord test, he said.
UBC researchers sedate dogs and
then drop weights on their exposed
spinal cords. The animals have to
drag their paralysed hind legs to
move and their bladders can only be
emptied by hand pressure or catheterization, he said.
These spinal cord tests are redundant because they do not eliminate the need for clinical testing on
humans, Hamilton said. "Stopping
these tests will not endanger human
life," he added.
According to John McNeill, chair
of the UBC animal care committee,
20,000 rodents, 1,500 rabbits, 381
dogs and 104 cats were killed at UBC
in 1981 for research purposes. Most
experiments using animals are terminal, he said, meaning that the
animal never recovers from the anesthetic. The surviving animals are
used in other experiments or sold
commercially, he said.
Hamilton spoke at a recent
animal rights symposium held in the
Four Seasons Hotel which brought
together anti-vivisectionists from
PRIMATE
.victim of scientific research
Funded by the Canadian Paraplegic Association and the B.C.
Health Care Research Foundation,
the experiment attempts to create an
animal model of spinal cord injury.
The animals are fed a variety of
drugs and are "stimulated" to jump
three feet to determine their recovery rate. "The animals get ulcers
after this traumatic thing is done to
them," said Hamilton.
the U.S., Great Britain and Canada.
On display at the hotel were photographs featuring UBC's alleged
abuse of animals.
One photograph taken at UBC's
Kinsmen neurological laboratory
showed the heads of decapitated
dogs stored in glass containers. The
skulls had been tampered with and
partially peeled, revealing a dense
grey matter underneath.
Hamilton said UBC researchers
also implant electrodes in the brains
of cats and primates to induce convulsions. The sedated animals are
given electric shocks to test drugs
used to relieve epilepsy. And sometimes noxious chemicals are poured
into the animal's brains to test their
reaction, Hamilton said.
In a bid to curb animal suffering
in UBC research, Lifeforce has been
making requests and recommendation to McNeill. A few recommendations have been acted upon, but
most have been rejected, Hamilton
said.
Lifeforce decided to take their
concerns to the public, but it fears
UBC will continue to hide its animal
experiments, he said. "They might
close their doors even tighter."
UBC researchers are supposed to
conform to the standards of the
Canadian Committee on Animal
Care, which was established by the
National Research Council to ensure
responsible animal research. But
inspections are only conducted once
every three years and 30 days notice
is given to the laboratory, said
Hamilton.
"The people involved in the committee are animal researchers themselves. They promote it. What we
need is a full time unbiased group to
look after and protect these animals," he said, referring to the fact that
the CCAC has little time to review
23 departments extensively.
But McNeill said many of Hamilton's charges are false. UBC's
animal care committee, responsible
for the ethics and feasibility of
animal research at UBC, has determined that spinal cord experiments
are necessary to provide background
information before humans are
tested, he said.
Three of the 14 committee
members are not "animal users",
McNeill said. "We have to have
individuals who are not desensitized
and who are not part of the system.
Through these members we have
attempted to meet the demands of
people other then animal users."
— an timhwhto photo
CORETTA SCOTT KING, widow of Martin Luther King, Jr., leaves
War Memmorial Gym after speech to enthusiastic capacity audience.
King discussed peace and justice, and importance of nonviolent resistance. See story below.
King advocates non-violence
By BRIAN JONES
Two and a half thousand people joined hands and swayed back forth,
singing We Shall Overcome.
Their voices echoed through the dimly lit War Memorial Gym in a scene
reminiscent of the Civil Rights Movement era.
It was a fitting welcome for Coretta Scott King, widow of the reverend
Martin Luther King, Jr.
After a standing ovation greeted her, King spoke about peace and justice,
and non-violent resistance.
"We cannot afford to separate peace from freedom and justice," she said.
Militarism and military spending prevent millions of people from having
peace and justice, she said.
"No one .is saying that peace on the one hand and freedom and justice on
the other are mutually exclusive," said King, who is president of the Martin
Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change, in Atlanta, Georgia.
But it is a question of emphasis, she said, and we must confront the racism
existing between white and black people, the North and South, and industrial and agricultural societies.
The Western peace movement works toward a better future, said King, but
people in developing nations are fighting for the present, not the future.
"Historically the white nations have exploited the non-white nations, and
this is still going on. The important thing to understand about third world
liberation movements is their immediacy."
Many Christians and their churches are hesitant to deal with liberation
movements, King acknowledged, adding that non-violent action can solve
every problem.
"Non-violence is the most revolutionary method ever devised." It worked
for both Mahatma Ghandi and Martin Luther King, Jr., she said.
"We must remember that peace is not just a goal, it is a way as well," she
said. "For too long we have reacted to violence with more violence, and that
is why it never seems to end."
But non-violent resisters suffer from myths created by the media and
military, said King. "Most people think non-violence is just sit-ins, marches,
and occasionally going to jail."
Non-violent action has been branded a passive method for cowards, and
irrelevant to current circumstances, she said. But non-violence is a committed, active resistance, she added. "The truth is that non-violence is more
relevant, and desperately needed, than ever before."
King congratulated the World Council of Churches for its work on peace
and justice.
"Martin once said that the church should be a headlight and not a tail
light," she said. "In a sense, the WCC has picked up his challenge ... no
matter what Reader's Digest and Mr. Reagan may say about you." Page 4
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
Country women protest outline
A letter to president George Pedersen:
I felt I must write this letter protesting an article in the June 29 issue
of The Summer Ubyssey, regarding
the recent Associated Country
Women of the World convention
held at UBC. The caption under the
picture on page 3 reads as follows:
"Country Women of the World
Unite! — Karla Marx, right, and
Fredericks Engels, leaning left,
check over printed copy of newly
drafted manifesto. Associated Country Women of the World converged
on UBC campus this week to spread
dogma about their movement. They
used big name acts like Bobby Cur-
tola to lure Associated City Women
of Canada into their clutches. Country Women get badge or button for
each convert."
This type of reporting is purely
and simply, slanderous and downright lies.
Firstly, having had the delegate's
list checked carefully and finding
neither of the above mentioned
names on it, and further, one must
be a delegate to examine a manifesto.
Secondly, no-one belonging to the
ACWW, which encompasses every
member of the Women's Institutes
throughout the world, preaches any
kind of dogma. We only seek to
spread help, cheer and love to others
Coverage good
No wonder you don't need volunteers from Southam, your coverage
of the World Council of Churches
shows that you reporting is far
superior to theirs. Until visitors read
your coverage they had despaired of
receiving any good coverage of the
WCC by the Canadian press.
I have heard nothing but praise of
your full and balanced articles, particularly in the Aug. 3 issue. I also
learned that you coverage is the best
in North America by the so-called
secular press.
Part of this is due to the intention
of the U.S. media to engage in a
media blackout. The purpose, as
reported to me by American types, is
to discredit the Churches because
they are attacking the status quo and
are raising questions of justice.
Except for The Ubyssey, it looks
as if that is the intention of the Canadian media. So thanks for your
work.
George Hermanson
campus minister
less fortunate than ourselves.
Through our efforts layettes have
been sent to Third World countries,
water wells have been provided
where none existed before; jeeps
have been donated for Medical
teams to travel in, plus other uses,
and also sewing machines were sent
to India, enabling ladies there to
help each other, and themselves.
I could list many more projects in
which ACWW members are involved, but each time I look again at
that caption, the more disgusted I
become.
Having tried three times to write a
letter to the author of the caption
and being unable to do so in a civilised manner, I felt this letter must
come to you. Somehow, I felt that
sending to the paper would not get
results, and only end up in my letter
being thrown in the waste basket.
I am hoping you can persuade
whoever was responsible for the
article, to find out a little more about
the subject he or she reports on,
before doing so.
What a pity your reporter spoiled
for us what had been, or so we
thought, a delightful stay in your
university. It tends to leave a rather
rotten taste in one's mouth, and is a
poor reflection on university students as a whole.
The Club Women's Creed, with
which all Women Institute's meeting
begin, starts with the opening sentence; 'Keep us O God, from pettiness, let us be large in thought and
word and deed.' The Creed ends, as
follows; 'And may we strive to know
and to touch, the great human heart,
common to us all, and O Lord God,
let us not forget to be kind.'
If your reporter is a sample of the
younger people who will soon be
stepping into the business world of
Canada, all I can say is God help us,
for He will need to.
I await you reply with anticipation, and hopefully, an apology
from the reporter.
Respectfully,
Betty I Vickery
Vice-Pres.
Hogadone Womens Institute
Huxley, Alta.
r
THE UBYSSEY
Wednesday, August 10,1983
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays during
summer session by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia, with the assistance of a grant from the provincial government Youth Employment Program.
Chris Wong' it said on the little cardboard nametag pinned to his chest. 'You must be
Chris Wong' she said kindly I wanna go home' he said, stuck his thumb in his mouth
and stared determinedly at the toes of hts size one Darth Vader runners 'No you don't'
she crooned stooping to grasp his free hand It was small and pudgy and vanished
between her long fingers. Gently she led him over to the group of children sitting
around the easle in the corner 'This is Sarah Cox' she said indicating a girl in a mauve
frock waving a knife around Tmsureyouand Sara hare going to be really good friends
Chris ' That's disgusting' said Sarah carefully slicing a piece of paper in half with her
knife 'I want my mummy' muttered Chns. 'And this is Muriel Draaisma' she said waving
her hand in the direction of a bald little girl playing with spelling bricks on the floor,
'there aren't enough 'A's wailed Muriel. 'Gimme' said little Chris lumging at the bricks.
But she quickly yanked him back and dragged him outside as Muriel told Sarah that ali
boys would be men. 'Outside in the bright sunshine children were climbing all over the
equipment, making sandcastles and kicking tennis balls around. She squatted down
beside him. drew his sullen little face close to hers and talked in his ear as she pointed to
the various children Wouldn't you like to play soccer with Neil Lucente' she asked
pointing to a little boy wit h scabby knees who was running around very fast No. gimme
a cookie'was all he replied. As they watched Neil ran headlong into the wall Not again
you silly'she called to him laughing as he picked himself up, dusted himself down and.
although bleeding profusely from his elbow, set off at full tilt again How about
climbing with Stephen Wisenthal' and she indicated a boy who was hanging ape like
from the cross bars of the swing Gimme dat' was all Chris would say pointing a wet
thumb at the spanner hanging from Stephen's pocket 'How about Arnold Hedstrom
and Brian Jones' she said drawing Chris'atentiontotwo little fellows who were sitting in
the sandpit punching each other in turn and shouting 'You started it' No you did ' I
wanna pee' said Chns How about swimming., no Craig Brooks don't dive in... better
forget about the swimming' she said as a boy with glasses splashed all the water out of
the wading poo! and sat there bemused I wanna pee' said Chns. She was silent a
moment, a frown furrowed her brow as she looked around the playground. Just a little
flicker of concern, but it lifted as she spied a huddle of small shapes m the shade, behind
the apple tree in the corner. Now what are they up to?' she whispered 'I wanna pee.' But
she wasn't really listening, she stood up. let go of his hand and started to walk across the
grass 'Not again Neil' she chided absent-mindedly as Neil crashed into the climbing
frame but she didn't break her stride until she reached the little knot of children, they
were so absorbed by whatever it was they were doing that they didn't notice her
standing there watching, or little Chris running up. After a minute she interrupted their
giggling Patti Flat her, lanTimberlake. Peter Berlin that is disgusting "It's only snot' said
one, holding up a revolting piece of paper What do you think you are doing?' she asked.
curious now more than angry 'Making a student newspaper' they all replied proudly
God speed
Contrary to their beliefs, Ian Paisley, Billy Graham and Jerry Falwell
do not have a monopoly on truth. Neither do any of the other avid
religious leaders who use the grace of God as a rallying cry for their
wacky ideologies.
With the rising popularity of ultra-conservatism, the World Council of
Churches is a welcome breath of rationality. Unlike most contemporary
political attitudes, their policies and programs are compassionate,
thoughtful and tolerant.
Sometimes it seems people like Ronald Reagan have not yet given up
the idea of the divine right of kings, or presidents. Selfish and antisocial
policies are often justified on the grounds of preserving "our way of
life."
And "our way of life" has a lot to do with our religious life. It is a
handy excuse for policymakers who, say, want to build up their military
forces or intervene in other countries. It isn't by accident that "atheists" and "communists" so often appear close together in the
newspapers.
This super-Christian rhetoric tries to brand opponents of the status
quo as heathen, less than human. This makes it easier to implement
policies that seriously harm people's well being.
Nuclear arms got you down? Don't worry, they're protecting Christian civilization. Angry about the increased American involvement in
Central America? Rest assured it is only to guard people from atheistic
communists. Depressed about Khomeini? But he's ridding the world of
infidels. Angry about Soviet hegemony in Eastern Europe?They'rejust
keeping their comrades on the Path of Truth.
Somewhere along the line the delineation between church and state
became blurred, and ideology and faith are now often interchangeable.
This in itself would not be so bad, but the people who interchange
them and consequently define ideology and faith do it for their own
narrow, selfish reasons. The values of compassion, forgiveness, tolerance, generosity, and yes, even love, are nowhere to be found on the
mass or social level. Society is fragmented, with individuals striving to
satisfy themselves, with little or no concern for others.
Ironically, the World Council of Churches, a major exception to the
rule, is under attack from those who invoke the name of God while
spreading hate, intolerance and death.
For the past two and half weeks the UBC community had the unique
opportunity to observe the WCC in action. We have heard them point
out society's problems and offer suggestions for improvement, without
any fear or apology for "controversy" (i.e. media and official opposition).
No issue escaped them. Their meetings, lectures and policy discussions dealt with war, racism, sexism, poverty, violence, economic injustice, and many other issues that are not usually considered problems.
Butthe best thing about the WCC is it acts upon these issuesthrough
various programs, instead of just talking about them. And as a worldwide organization with millions of members, they can hopefully contribute to reversing the irrationality that presently rules our society.
We hope the WCC delegates enjoyed UBC as much as we enjoyed
them. As they go back home to countries all over the world, we have a
message for them, from their own Good Book: "Go forth, and multiply."
Fish flock to gardens
By PAT MACLEOD
"Excuse me, do you know what
kind of fish these are?" the young
man asked nervously. As he spoke, a
huge horrendous-looking fish-head
emerged from the water's edge and
began tugging at tufts of grass next
to his feet with loud, sucking noises.
(freestyle]
^»  i    "ft mm  ii mi ii i <~
"Very large goldfish," I replied,
doing too much justice to the mutant
creatures masquerading as domestic
fish in the Nitobe Garden's pond.
Surrounded by elegantly manicured shrubbery, and traversed by a
carefully-crafted wooden bridge, the
pond shines as the crowning jewel of
sophisticated, subtle, Japanese artistry.
But no placid pool this. A minute's contemplation is soon interrupted by loud splashing as dozens
of grey scaly fish backs and grotesque orange-colored torsos —
some 10 to 12 pounds — barge their
way into view. With wide gaping
mouths they fight and jostle to scoop
up the vegetable matter. A water lily
suddenly disappears. Minnows scatter.
"Carp," the gardener said. Ha!
More like the last remaining evidence of some mysterious, hideous
accident. Either that or a snide joke
by Inazo Nitobe, the Japanese philanthropist who funded the garden,
on North Americans' ability to recognize and appreciate the subtlety of
the surrounding milieu naturel. Or
maybe it was Nitobe's personal
attempt to symbolize Japanese
society: seemingly so serene and
composed from the entrance, but
transformed by intense competition
and misshapen forms and structures
under the surface.
No such luck. The gardener was
right. A quick check with my Japanese office-partner at the Asian Centre revealed that in Japan, all the fish
ponds are stocked with carp, or koi
in Japanese. The bigger the better,
because fat carp are a sign of
prosperity. But they're not fattened
to be eaten. In fact, it's bad luck if a
carp dies in your garden pond. Real
food comes from the store anyway.
And the large, colored fish made of
cloth or paper thai you see sometimes flying in the wind like kites
—they're carp too. They're used for
the Boys' Dav Festival on May 5 as a
sign of strength and manliness.
But misconceptions are never so
easily cleared up. The pond continues to fascinate. In fact, my stubborn, culturally-defined world view
is right now taking a crack at educating the little boy of Japanese speaking parents who was throwing rocks
at the fish.	
Pat McLeod is a Ubyssey staffer
who was shocked one day earlier this
summer when she discovered something the same size as her swimming
in a local pond. Freestyle is a colum
of opinion, wit, analysis and even
mindless rambels like the one above
for Ubyssey staff members. Other
members of the university community get to use the perspectives column.
See you all in September.      	
Letters should be typed on a 70
character line, and hand delivered to
The Ubyssey with university identification no later than 12:30 Mondays or 4:30 Wednesdays.
The Ubyssey reserves the right to
edit for brevity, taste, libel, grammer
and spelling. Sexist or racist letters
will not run.
Please address letters to the newspaper staff because there is no editor
in chief and even if there was one,
chances are two to one that "Sir"
would be a woman.
JBewtwiiwin WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 5
'Planetary bullies' cruel to animals
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
A rhesus monkey cowers in his
cage at the front of the room. His
disfigured face bears the scars of
animal research and his eyes emanate fear. A small steel chain hanging
from his neck binds him to the floor.
The monkey is only an image on a
photograph, but the terror in his
eyes is alive and real.
Human arrogance is responsible
for his pain, an American psychologist told a group of aminal rights
activists Thursday.
Humans have institutionalized
cruelty towards animals through
their arrogant assumption that they
are  the   superior  species,   said
Michael Giannelli, science advisor
for the Fund for Animals.
"We are the unchallenged planetary bullies and are still drunk with
power, having only recently clawed
our way to te top of the food chain,"
he said at an animal rights symposium held last week in Vancouver.
This condescending attitude toward other animals is called "specie-
sism" and is used to justify institutionalized acts of violence against
"lower creatures", Giannelli said.
Institutionalized cruelty includes
sport hunting, factory farming and
vivisection, he added.
"We live in a sea of speciesism,
like a fish in water. Speciesism;, like
racism and sexism, represents deviant social attitudes."
Speciesist attitudes underlie the
current sadistic system of animal
research, he said.
Animal researchers have reached
the psychological point where they
can inflict pain and not feel morally
responsible, Gianelli said. But he
stressed the researchers themselves
are not sadistic — the system is to
blame.
Language has played an important role in the development of speciesism, he said. Through an "insidious conditioning process", children learn that animals are objects to
be consumed and dominated. The
word "animal" is often used in a
derogatory sense and always implies
something uncivilized.
"But how can humans pretend to
be civilized and humane when we are
so brutal to each other?" Giannelli
asked. "All the animal research in
the world will not save us from ourselves. We are our biggest health
hazard."
Animal researchers use the words
"humane" and "necessary" to justify
the torture of animals in laboratories, Giannelli said. "These two key
words are used to disguise the
unpleasant reality of animal research at a  time  when the laws
UBC team spawns
test tube
By PATTI FLATHER
Two B.C. residents will soon be
the proud parents of Canada's first
test tube baby, thanks to researchers
at UBC's health sciences centre.
At a press conference Friday, it
was announced the woman is three
months pregnant and "ecstatic".
The expectant parents have chosen
to remain anonymous. No clues to
their location were given and tne
exact date of fertilization was withheld.
Gynecology and obstetrics professor Betty Poland defended the couple's decision, saying the couple do
not want their baby to be labelled a
"test-tube baby".
The pregnant woman is one of
over 110 applicants for UBC's in-
vitro fertilization program. To qualify, women must be healthy B.C. residents under 35 years of age have a
stable marriage and be unable to
conceive because of blocked or
missing fallopian tubes.
UBC's fertilization program,
which is less than one year old, has
failed to impregnate about 24 previous applicants. Several attempts
made after this initial success have
also failed.
Obstetric and gynecology department head Victor Gomel said the
success speaks well for UBC's
"team". "We were novices," he said.
The technique used for test tube
fertilization  is  complicated.   The
baby
woman is first given daily hormone
injections to stimulate egg production. The fully formed eggs are then
removed through two small incisions
in her abdomen and placed in a solution which includes serum from her
body.
The sperm is activated and injected into the egg. More than
100,000 sperm are added to every
egg cell.
The eggs, which are observed as
little as possible begin their first division between six and 30 hours after
the sperm is injected.
When the ovum consists of tive or
six cells, it is implanted into the
woman's uterus.
Until the ovum is implanted,
UBC's success rate has been more
than 80 per cent. "This is the part we
can't control," said Poland.
"The problem is to get the egg cell
to stick to the uterus. It rolls around
and won't stick."
The impregnated woman is now
having regular checkups with her
own physician and a specialist,
Poland said. Her pregnancy does
not pose any greater risks than those
of a woman who conceived normally, Gomel said.
The UBC program accommodates
four patients per month, said
Poland. "This is just about as much
as we can manage. We must change
current facilities to keep this up."
DEJECTED RHESUS MONKEY sits in restraint chair, waiting helplessly as U.S. air force researchers prepare to dose him with more
radiation. Monkey's reaction to radiation will be studied to determine
effects of atomic blast and fallout on human pilots. Metal restraints
chafed skin on leg and ear.
Hiroshima bombing commemorated
By NEIL LUCENTE
World Council of Churches delegates and visitors joined in song and
prayer Friday at an all night vigil to
mark the anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima.
"Thirty-eight years ago the deadly
sun of an atomic bomb rose for the
first time over a human settlement
destroying and maiming the lives of
hundreds of thousands of people in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki," WCC
general secretary Philip Potter told
1,000 people at UBC's Museum of
Anthropology.
During a two hour program ten
speakers, many from war torn or
impoverished countries, spoke in
their native languages for peace in
their nations.
Participants listened to ceremonial drummers, folk music and prayers
while children from the ecumenical
children's camp released balloons
symbolic of human kinds rising
spirit.
"They (the people of Asia) are
oppressed, by forces within and outside, by the powerful among themselves and the powerful dof the
globe" said an Asian representative.
"They call upon people to deal
justly and to seek that peace which
begins in ourselves and pervades
society," the representative added.
Potter said the WCC aspires to
many of the same goals as the ten
speakers. He outlined the WCC's
traditional stand against all wars
and "all that denies life" and pledged
the organization's future commitment against death and destruction.
He urged that everyone take
responsibility for the current would
situation and acknowledge the injustice and conflict that divides and
oppresses nations.
Later about 1,500 met for a prayer
vigil at the worship tent outside
Gage Towers which continued until
7:30 a.m. Saturday.
South African Bishop Desmond
Tutu, a prominant opponent of
apartheid was the keynote speaker
at the vigil.
"Please take it from me that the
-why
age of miracles has not ceased -
am I here?" said Tutu.
Tutu was initially barred from
travelling outside South Africa to
attend the WCC, but that decision
was reversed early last week.
Tutu asked delegates to be "partners" in South Africa's troubles and
told them South Africans "have been
upheld wonderfully by your tremendous prayer."
I EXPERIENCED TYPIST I
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defending proper sanitation, veterinary care, housing and nutrition for
animals are inadequate. This constitutes a gross distortion of the
words."
Giannelli, an optimist about
animal liberation, said the animal
rights movement must develop a
"Vietcong mentality".
"We have to psychologically dig
in and realize we can't fight B-52's
with rocks. The establishment is well
organized, intelligent and it appeals
to human arrogance. We must realize what we are fighting for might
not be accomplished in our generation."
Battering
examined
By CHRIS WONG
Jeannie's ordeal as a battered wife
began soon after her first child was
born. Her husband beat her frequently and without remorse. In one
incident he scalded both Jeannie and
her baby by throwing a teapot at
them.
Jeannie's story is graphically told
in the National Film board production, Loved, Honoured, and Bruised,
screened Thursday at The Well, a
gathering place for women delegates
at the World Council of Churches
assembly.
In the film, Jeannie thoroughly
describes her tragic 13 years of marriage. Her husband's comments
provide disturbing contrast.
"I don't see myself as a violent
person, I'm a very timid person
inside. If I get mad about something
it doesn't last too long," he claims.
"I don't like to get involved in
situations where I have to push people to do things for me," he adds.
The husband says he needs a vehicle to release his tension from
mounting pressures. He choses to
beat his wife because "she happened
to be the closest thing, the closest
person on hand."
His anger erupts when Jeannie
accidentally sets part of their farm
on fire. She finally leaves him after
the ugly scene that follows.
Jeannie seeks refuge in a transition home for battered women. In
the film shot in the home, she is in
tears and completely shaken by her
experiences. Later, however, she is
able to describe them calmly.
After the film, several members of
the audience discussed the economic
and social problems encountered by
women like Jeannie.
One person said as a partial solution women need to gain more self-
esteem. Battered women are reluctant to leave their husbands because
they feel their guilt and shame is
partly due to their own failings, she
said.
"There's no way you can be
judgemental and say 'Look, why
didn't you get out of this sooner.'"
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STAGE
Jesus Christ Superstar: for the 7,432,300
time this play can be seen about the exploits
of a certain J.C., Malkin Bowl, Stanley Park,
Tues.-Sun., 9 p.m. till Sept. 3.
Gosforth's Fete: another hilarious play
from Pain Acheboring (I mean Alan Ayck-
bourn), CityStage. 751 Thurlow, 688-1436,
Aug. 15-Sept 2, 12:10 p.m.
Othello: more of Willy's great works, Van-
ier Park, opens Aug 17.
Rock and Roll: written by John Gray and
marking the beginning of a national tour,
with Alice Cooper as the opening act (not
really), Vancouver East Cultural Centre,
254-9578, Mon.-Fri. 8:30 p.m.; Sat. 6 and9
p.m., opens Aug. 18.
MUSIC
Bob Hansen Band: combination of smooth
love songs and searing rockers, yup, this
guy is versatile, Aug. 15, 8 p.m.. Inner Circle, 337 Carrall, 684-8494.
Roy Reynolds: latin jazz night with this
former member of the Stan Kenton band,
Aug. 13, Hot Jazz Club, 36 E. Broadway,
873-4131.
Pied Pear: featuring Rick Scott and Joe
Mock in their first Vancouver appearance in
over a year (God, I missed them), Aug. 12,
8:30 p.m., SUB Auditorium.
Joan Armatrading: don't miss this phenomenal performer, Aug. 12, Q.E. Theatre.
Karib/Watada Hi Fi:carribean dance, time
unknown, Bhuddist Hall, 220 Jackson.
Ground Zero/No Exit/Atomic Punk: the
headbangers ball, where everybody wears
leather, is high on acid, etc., bring the family, Aug. 13, West End Community Centre.
Pater Tosh: a recent interview with the
rasta man says he was screwed by the
Stones, who cares, let's hear some true,
unadulterated reggae from this original
te
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
Wailer and everyone will be happy, mind if I
throw in Jah/Rasta/I and I, thanks, Aug.
14, War Memorial Gym.
The Electric Night Show: a digital performing arts showcase, Aug. 15, 8:30 p.m ,
Q.E. Playhouse, 224-3283.
The Blasters: a marvy combination of cou n-
try, rock and roll and rhythm and blues, Aug.
18, The Commodore.
Jazz On The Mountain: not the greatest
line-up but come for a fun-filled weekend at
Whistler — acts include Larry Coryell, Glen
Moore, Ernestine Anderson, Strangeness
Beauty and others, Aug. 12-14, Whistler
Mountain, 687-3681.
Anarchist Picnic: a benefit picnic for issue
no. 16 of Open Road, Aug 21, S.E. corner of
John Hendry Park, bring musical instrument, from noon onwards.
Anna Wyman Dance Theatre: a programme
including "A Dancer's Circus," Aug. 14,
2:30 p.m.. Museum of Anthropology,
228-5087.
Dance Dreams: a film and dance collaboration, Aug. 19-20, 8 p.m., Firehall Theatre,
280 E. Cordova, 689-0926.
FILM
Ridge Theatre (16th and Arbutus, 738-
6311) Lianna. the provocative film by John
Sayles, one of Shariff s favourites, 7:30 and
9:30 p.m.
Vancouver East Cinema (7th and Commercial, 253-5455) Aug. 10-11: Don't
Look Now, 7:30 p.m. The Tenant. 9:30
p.m. Aug. 12-18: Smithereens, 7:30 and
9:15 p.m.
Savoy Cinema (Main and Kingsway, 872-
2124) Rancho Deluxe, 7:30 p.m.; Hearts of
the West. 9:15 p.m. Aug. 13; Woodstock.
midnite.
ETC.
Robert Sangster: romantic heraldric imagery, Unit/Pitt Gallery, 163 W. Pender,
681 -6740.
Within and Beyond: a photo exhibition of
China featuring the work of Chan Che-Kin,
Aug. 12-21, 12-6 p.m., Asian Centre.
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SUMMER 5EENE
VOL. 12, No. 6
Hello, and Welcome to Summer Session '83
AUGUST 8-12
SUMMER SESSION
ASSOCIATION
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of Summer
Session; if you have any problems, concerns or suggestions, please drop by
our office — main floor of SUB, opposite the candy counter. We are there
Monday - Friday, 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-4846
ANNUALGENERAI
MEETING
The Annual General Meeting of the
Summer Session Association will take
place Thursday, Aug. 11,1983 in Room
100A, SUB at 12:30 p.m. If you are
interested in our activities, please attend
this meeting.
Summer Session
cooperatively
| SUMMER SOUNDS
Free, noon-hour outdoor concerts. Bring
your lunch and a friend.
Wednesday, August 10  Solo Flight — Jazz at SUB
(In the event of rain, concerts will be held in the
conversation-pit area, main floor of SUB.)
SUMMER SESSION
| 1984 APPROACHES
I
And we need your help!
— Are you returning to UBC in the
summer of 1984?
— Are you interested in helping with our
summer activities?
— Are you interested in earning enough
money to pay your summer fees?
If "YES" is your answer to these questions
please see Michael in Room 100A, SUB, as
soon as possible.
************************************************
Association information is a service provided
by the S.S.A. and The Summer Ubyssey. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
Page 7
Superficiality final result of mass media control
By BRIAN JONES
"Newspapers are read at the breakfast and dinner tables. God's great
gift to man is appetite. Put nothing
in the paper that will destroy it."
IV. R. Nelson, 1915
Seven decades after this tidbit of
advice was offered by the publisher
of the Kansas City Star, newspapers
and other media are still striving for
higher levels of superficiality.
Ben Bagdikian argues in The
Media Monopoly that superficiality
has become not only the result but
the goal of modern media, and is
endangering the democratic process.
The Media Monopoly is an in
depth and sophisticated analysis of
American mass media, particularly
the print medium. Bagdikian, a
journalism professor at the University of California at Berkely, dis
cusses the process that has allowed
50 corporations to wield control
over American media and its effect
on American society.
Bagdikian concentrates on two
alarming aspects of this control —
increasingly concentrated ownership and mass advertising. Both of
The Media Monopoly
by Ben Bagdikian
Beacon Press, 266 pp.
these have increased the power of
the few who "control what America
sees, hears, and reads," he argues.
These concerns are supported by
simple yet startling statistics. Twenty
newspaper companies control more
than half the sales of 61 million daily
papers, and of all American cities
with a daily newspaper, 98 per cent
have only one.
But numbers alone do not tell the
whole story. Modern media owners
often have other economic interests
in industries such as banking, insurance, oil, electronics, and weapons
production.
Such centralization of power in
the media prevents diversity of information and ideas, argues Bagdikian. The most serious problems,
are the self-imposed "limits" of the
media — they do not lie outright,
but they seldom question their particular brand of "free enterprise," he
says.
"Almost all news media have
friends who are given preferential
treatment in the news, who are
immune to criticism, who can keep
out embarrassing information, or
who are guaranteed a positive image.
In the newsrooms of America these
friends are called 'sacred cows.' They
frequently include the owner, the
owner's family and friends, major
advertisers, and the owner's political
causes."
One can easily surmise from Media
Monopoly that sacred cows include
serious questioning of the status
quo. As a result, the mass media is
bland and avoids controversy.
The growth of media and ad vertis-
Jazz masters propel V.S.O.P.
By CHRIS WONG
SEATTLE — A group of musicians comprising what many would
claim the world's greatest rhythm
section were on stage Thursday at
the Paramount Theatre.
The rhythm section is the lifeline
of a jazz band. It supplies the beat,
harmonic structure, and creative
colourings which make a group precise and exciting. Herbie Hancock,
Tony Williams, and Ron Carter are
all familiar with these essentials.
After wasting time delving into
the disco-jazz scene dominated by
symthesizers, vocoders, and other
electronic junk, the three have
returned to their acoustic roots to
create   fresh   sounds   with   some
younger talent.
The younger musicians were
Wynton and Branford Marsalis. the
talented darlings of today's jazz
scene. Together they are known as
the V.S.O.P. II Quintet.
Christians rebutted
By STEPHEN WISENTHAL
Should the human race trace its
geneaology from apes and amoebas,
or from God through a rib bone?
Professor Chris McGowan makes
a very strong case for the monkeys.
McGowan, a Toronto paleontologist, takes issue with the scientific
creationists, those who attack the
theory of evolution in the idiom of
science and not in the language of
theology.
In the Beginning... A Scientist
Shows Why The Creationists Are
Wrong
By Chris McGowan
Macmillan of Canada
256 pages, $16.95
McGowan concentrates on recent
research which argues that empirical
evidence supports the description of
the origin of the species offered in
Genesis — the first book of the
Bible's old testament.
Creationists are a real danger
because they try to dictate biology
curriculum in American schools,
argues McGowan.
"Science will not be the only casualty, for science is only one branch of
learning and the essence of all learning is to expand the frontiers of
human knowledge. With their literal
fundamentalist views, the majority
of creationists do not place a high
value on freedom of inquiry and
expression necessary to the growth
of learning.
"To dismiss them as harmless,
simple minded cranks is to underestimate the danger they pose. "
McGowan begins by arguing that
Christianity is not incompatible with
an acceptance of the theory of evolu
tion. He says a majority of Christians are evolutionists.
"The issue is not between Christians and evolutionists, but between
a vociferous Christian minority —
the creationists —and the evolutionists," says McGowan.
McGowan believes creationists are
scientific opportunists.
They have picked on small wrinkles in evolutionary theory and put
together superficial pseudo-scientific
theories which suggest all theories of
evolutionary development are wrong.
They put the creation in its place by
default.
McGowan, for example, attacks
creationists' attempts to explain why
fossils of simpler organisms lie far
below the surfaces through the story
of Noah's flood. Creationists say
these are not further down because
they are older, but because they were
smaller and rounder and slipped easily through the sediment deposited
by the flood.
McGowan methodically disproves
this, argues that a worldwide flood
did not occur, and that an ark was
not a practical possibility.
McGowan is careful to make everything he says intelligible to the most
ignorant people. His book is, at its
best, an excellent primer on the evolutionary debate. At its worst, however, it often sounds like a sixth
grade school book. Furthermore
McGowan's scrupulous assault on
the small logical flaws of creationist
arguments are boring reading.
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ICENSED PREMISES
Their brilliant performance concluded the Kool Jazz Festival in
Seattle. The songs were reminiscent
of tunes written by Hancock at the
time of his phenomenal release
Maiden Voyage.
All the songs in the performance
were modal — slightly dissonant
and complex in the chord structures,
with varied rhythms changing between different tempos and meters.
Hancock displayed his brilliance
on the piano throughout the night.
His agile fingers took command of
the keyboard during his long and
complicated solos and his furious
background playing.
Tony Williams was a powerhouse
on the drums. He added the appropriate bangs and crashes behind the
other players and avoided self-indulgence during his solos. Ron Carter played his bass in a virtuoso style
but with a touch of humour.
The trio has a high anticipatory
ability from their many years together. They create dynamic sounds
which overshadow the Marsalis
brothers. Poor amplification, particularly with saxophonist Branford
Marsalis, added to the downplaying
of the two.
But as a group they shone on the
Thelonious Monk tune Well You
Needn't, and Opus 1.5 served as an
excellent vehicle for displaying the
tone and technique of Wynton Marsalis on trumpet.
Opening for V.S.O.P. II were
Seattle pianist Scott Cossu and his
band. Playing in the ECM Keith
Jarrett mode, they were given
appreciative applause from the
hometown audience.
ing as a self-perpetuating phenomena, also explains this situation says
Bagdikian.
As a newspaper grows, it attracts
bigger advertisers. This prevents
competition and stops smaller businesses with limited budgets from
advertising. As a result, the media
and big advertisers feed each other,
while readers and small business are
tossed aside.
"In the security of their domination of the market, newspaper publishers have been converting news
papers into agencies for merchants,"
says Bagdikian. "Mass advertising is
no longer solely a means of introducing and distributing consumer goods,
though it does that. It is a major
mechanism in the ability of a relatively small number of giant corporations to hold disproportionate
power over the economy."
North American media is now
geared to please advertisers rather
I always Keep my
stcrics objective...
fI stay away from
and my Sources
[except tan the
gxrlc}'.boys
at the OLA]
than readers, charges Bagdikian.
Light news and human interest or
lifestyle stories draw readers into an
uncritical frame of mind and puts
them in a buying mood.
A centralized and unresponsive
media is a threat to the democratic
process, Bagdikian warns. When the
public is not bombarded with propaganda, it is lulled into apathy. The
solution, says Bagdikian, is for the
public to turn to independent and
alternative media as a way of breaking the media monopoly.
Ilaboodles
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Monday-Thursday 8:00-9:00
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Sunday 11:00-4:00 Page 8
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 10, 1983
Film captures hibakushas' story
By MURIEL DRAAISMA
An old Japanese woman shuffles
down the street. She stares straight
ahead but her eyes perceive nothing.
An atomic flash destroyed them
many years ago.
The old woman is a "hibakusha"
— the Japanese word for a survivor
of an atomic explosion. In 1945, she
and thousands of others were victims of the atomic bombs dropped
on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
As she slowly makes her way to a
friend's house, dark memories cloud
her mind. "I still feel so guilty about
all those people who died," she says
to herself.
"When we think of all those helpless people crying for water, us survivors feel very guilty."
Her experiences and the stories of
two other Japanese are captured in
the National Film Board's production, No More Hibakushas. The film
documents their painful recollections
of the explosion and their decision
to participate as Hiroshima survivors in the United Nations second
special session on disarmament in
New York.
The other woman portrayed in the
film is a second generation Hibakusha. Her mother was 11 years old
when the American bomber Enola
Gay dropped its deadly cargo on
Hiroshima.
A relative quictay scooped ner up
and they were forced to wade
through a river full of burned
bodies. They were the only two to
survive in that area.
"My mother always gets so worried when I get sick. She thinks it's
because she's hibakusha," the daughter says. "But it's not her fault or
mine. Why do I have to be tormented by something I don't even
understand?"
The film, premiered Saturday at
UBC's International House, takes a
snapshot look at the lives of the
three Japanese. Shown with family
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and friends, they eventually decide
to go to New York where they are
given the opportunity to speak
about their suffering and against
nuclear war.
In a typical Canadian fashion, the
film slowly builds to its powerful
climax. After much trouble obtaining visas from Hiroshima's U.S.
embassy, the three reach New York
and deliver testimonies of their
experiences.
The third person featured in the
film, a trade unionist, tells the most
dramatic story about the day of the
bomb. Blinded for a moment by the
atomic flash, he ran to find his
sisters.
"I saw my sister under the debris
of a two storey house, crying for
help. Since I was only a little boy, I
couldn't do much," he recalls.
"My younger sister came running
up to me. The left side of her body
was burned, the skin was hanging. It
was unrecognizable," he says as he
wipes his eyes.
His other sister trapped under the
house told them to leave because the
fire from the explosion was nearing
the debris. "She thought she couldn't
be rescued and a neighbor dragged
us away."
The film ends with a scene from
the huge anti-nuclear demonstration
in New York. It sums up the hibakushas' suffering and determination to
fight the U.S.'s hawkish policies and
the threat of another atomic explosion.
One Hiroshima hibakusha from
the delegation of 60 at the demonstration says to a crowd of concerned people: "No more Hiroshi-
mas, no more Nagasakis. Peace,
peace, peace!"
The film is definitely a moving
tribute to the people who suffered
from the atomic bomb.
3g<§ft C\\q
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We Offer Student Discounts
15% °-
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Expires August 31. 1983
With presentation of ad
to Terry, Karin, Debbie
For appointment
228-1471
UBC Village
5736 University Blvd
(Next to Lucky Dollar Store)

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