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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 15, 1988

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Array the Ubyssey
looks at
I^Page 5
Hakalla. Cells so small
they don't meet
United Nations standards.
Rats roaming concrete
floors. Non-violent criminals housed with murderers.
Inside the "cow barn", the underground bunker from which the 13 prisoners escaped, no natural light penetrates the isolation ward. Prisoners
defecate in tupperware pots which
double as coffee tables. A single mattress on the cold floor, one blanket and
a sheet, serves as a bed.
The Vancouver media have covered it all in the last two weeks, but
what the media missed was analysis.
Why do so many prisoners return to jail
for second and third terms? Why are so
many prisoners in jail for economic
crimes? And why has Oakalla failed to
reform after riots in 1979, 1983 and
Robert Leach, an ex-inmate who
entered Oakalla several times for mischief and. trespass, says "living in
Oakalla breeds a cannibal-like existence."
"Most of the people in Oakalla are
products of broken homes. Once in
prison, they are housed in an environment where people are stacked in like
sardines," says Leach.
'The only rehabilitation programme here is walking around the
gymnasium for an hour a day. There is
one woman to run correspondence
courses for 380 inmates," Leach says.
"How can you expect people to reform under conditions like these?" he
Claire Culhane, author and prisoner rights . advocate, says prisons
don't even attempt to reform people.
Prisons are a $6 billion industry in
Canada, says Culhane, and are not
interested in reform as it might deprive the industry of its labor, prisoners.
'The revenue generated through
the sale of CORCAN (or Corrections
Canada) manufactured goods
amounted to $10,380,000duringl982-
1983, a 38% increase over 1981-1982;
and the value of agricultural products
produced during 1982-1983 was
$1,280,000, an increase of 28.5% over
1981-1982," writes Culhane in her
book, Still Barred From Prison.
"Prisoners, when considered
assests," writes Culhane, "generate
hundreds of contracts, thousands of
jobs, and millions of dollars in profits -
profits which are not realised by the
taxpayer but instead remain with
CORCAN, the prison industry.
'There are a lot of vested interests
in the prison industry," she says. The
pharmaceutical companies, the
pyschiatrists, the social workers and
the criminologists all have to make
Culhane quotes Allan Fotheringham, saying "It is puzzling why we
have to put more people in jail (per
capita) than England, Denmark, Sweden, France, Italy, Japan, Spain, Norway, and Holland?
VOLUME 70, Number 30
Scene of Oakalla prison riot.
mandel ngan photo
R   o
a r e n
Most of these prisoners committed
economic or property crimes. Most prisoners are working class or native Indians. These people generally have few
skills, training, or education and the
workforce has no place for them.
"Society is not doing what it should
to ensure they (working class people
and native Indians) have the equipment and the resources" to get ahead,
says Robert Ratner, a UBC sociology
Instead of attacking the source of
problems, Ratner says society uses
prisons as "the most glaring example of
punitive social control. Prisons serve as
a deterrent, a warning to people who
are not in prison."
Societies do. not consciously direct
prisons "against the working class and
the lumpen- proletariat", Ratner says,
"but that is the way it usually works
'That's the way society is constructed. The majority of people in
prison are from the lower classes."
Ratner says most prisoners could
do their "penance" outside the prison,
in "more constructive ways, such as
employment in the community."
But within the prison establishment, the idea of prisons as a vehicle of
punishment is back in vogue. There
has been a change in the political climate," says Ezzat Fattah, Simon
Fraser University criminology professor. The politicians and public are in a
punitive mood."
Fattah says it is unfair to punish
prisoners twice, once by deprivingthem
of their liberty, and again by forcing
them to live in "sub-human conditions?
The prison system, Fattah says,
needs to take an in-depth look at the
goals of imprisonment and then design
appropriate kinds of prisons.
A good dose of 'soul-searching' for
B.C.'s correctional system, however,
will not happen. Fattah says the provincial government's commission of
inquiry into Oakalla, headed by Judge
Ian Drost, is a "band-aid that will
change nothing."
Two months later the report will
be put in a drawer," Fattah says.
Fattah's cynicism is not unwarranted. Iri.1975, then attorney-general
Alex Macdonald ordered the "cow barn"
In 1977 there was a Royal
Commission into the women's prison at
Oakalla but reform never came. Indeed, two years later, the women rioted
and 19 were tossed into the cow barn,
some naked and drugged.
In 1983, there was a violent riot
and a subsequent investigation. Last
year, a civil servant was demoted for
writing an internal report criticizing
conditions inside Oakalla, the same
conditions that sparked the latest
Christmas riot.
As well, the Social Credit have already rejected an NDP demand that
the commission be expanded to cover
the entire provincial prison system.
The     human     cost     of    the
government's failure in prison reform
is blatant. Between 1976 and 1978,639
prisoners attempted suicide by hang-
see 'Reform' page 4.
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Watch for more news on
For more information on all of the above, phone 224-4748
Hillel House is located behind Brock Hall
January 15, 1988 Instructors at UBC's English Language Institute donned black armbands In the Asian Centre yesterday to protest
the university administration's efforts to block the formation of a new union on campus. photo mandel nean
Faculty strike looms
at Douglas College
Industrial Relations Council ignored
(CUP) — Faculty members at
Douglas College may walk off
the job any time, despite a ruling by the provincial arbitration
board that a strike action would
be illegal.
The Douglas/Kwantlen
College Faculty Association
voted to go out on strike Dec.l,
and delivered strike notice to
the college administration on
Dec.l7, according to president,
Dr. Len Millis.
Faculty had suggested the
college call in an independent
mediator. But the adminstra-
tion chose instead to go with the
Industria] Relations Council,
j the provincial arbitration board
created under the Vander Zalm
cabinet's controversial Bill 19
last summer.
Millis disregarded the
summons he received to appear
before the Jan. 6 IRC hearing,
reiterating the faculty union's
support of a province-wide boycott of the IRC and Bill 19 by
organized labour.
Millis says the IRC was the
product of bad legislation, and
unacceptable as a body set up to
deal with labour relations in an
impartial manner.
He says the faculty are "tired
of being treated like doormats? He
also says that he felt "morally
obliged" to ignore the IRC.
The strike vote came after
stalled Douglas/Kwantlen contract negotiations, involving issues of faculty selection, job security, wages, benefits, and faculty
Faculty at the two campuses
got their last wage increase two
years ago. They are presently paid
4.5 per cent less than public school
teachers in Greater Vancouver
districs, and the lowest among instructors at the 5 college/institutes.
Millis said on Jan.6 "there
could well be a strike? but did not
say when.
"We are heading for a strike
unless the college adopts a more
responsible position and moderates its demands," said Millis.
Douglas College Student Society president, Anena Johnston,
had to reverse her initial stance on
the contract dispute for the Jan.6
DCSS senate meeting, by saying
the student society supports faculty in negotiations, but not in any
strike action.
Shortly before, Johnston had
written a letter to students
asking them to support a strike,
a move which brought heavy opposition from the administration and other DCSS executives.
Millis explained that faculty deferred any strike action
until after students' exam period last December because
they believe "Education comes
"What we are doing is not
illegal. We have not done anything illegal. The boycott of the
IRC isa matter of principle, not
Millis says the IRC's ruling
was affected by what he claims
was false testimony by chief negotiator for Douglas administration, Ross Cameron, at the
Jan. 6 hearing that Cameron
did not know the faculty association had served strike notice
the month before.
Both Cameron and college
president Bill Day declined
The IRC has legal authority under Bill 19 to carry out its
ruling by ordering striking faculty back to work after about
half a day's walkout.
Fees up across B.C.
By Mike Gordon
and Rebecca Games
VANCOUVER — Students in
all three BC universities will be hit
by a tuition hike next year.
UBC now has the seventh
highest full-time arts undergraduate fees in the country, and
the fourth highest for engineering.
Tuition will also rise again at
UVic, where the board of governors are proposing to build yearly
tuition increases into the
university's overall operating
But whether the universities'
operating budgets are cut back, or
get more provincial funding, its
the students who end up paying
the difference under the present
system, say student representatives.
"Every time there's an increase in the operating budget,
there's an increase in tuition? said
Canadian Federation of Students
(Pacific) chair, Rob Clift. "Does
that mean every time there's a cut
to the operating budget, there's a
cut to tuition too?"
"Students are regarded just
too much as an easy source of revenue? said UVic student society
president, Pam Frache.
Frache and two other board of
governors student representatives are proposing UVic reject the
tuition-operating budget structure, and vote to increase tuition
by the rate of inflation, only if
required, on a yearly basis.
Frache said she and the two
board representatives lobbied the
provincial government for a tuition freeze last fall, but were told
by the Advanced Education ministry that once government has allocated its funding, it is up to the
universities to set the yearly tuition.
UBC president David Strangway said UBC has had to raise
tuition "substantially" in the last
few years to compensate for cut
backs to the university in the early
1980s amounting to roughly 20 per
cent of UBC's operating budget.
Since then, tuition has increased
annually at roughly the rate of
Though provincial student
aid has improved slightly this
year, Frache and others say it will
not — nor should it — cover "built-
in' tuition increases.
UBC student society president, Rebecca Nevraumont called
BC's student aid "appalling."
Though Strangway says UBC will
dole out some money, Nevraumont
said UBC has already cut some of
its student bursaries to go towards
the operating budget.
Frache says UVic's administration has a similar approach.
"They (UVic's BOG) think that if
students can get the money from
the governnment in the form of
student aid, then it's an indirect
source of revenue (to the university) from the provincial government," she said.
UVic's move would also be a
further signal to the government
that the universities are willing to
shift the funding burden to students, says Clift.
Although BC's minimum
wage rose to $4.00 per hour last
year, he said, "the wages students
are being paid are not going to
keep pace (with rising tuition)?
BC has the highest unemplo}*-
ment rate in the country, at 10.5
per cent, almost two per cent
higher than the national rate.
Frache also cited a study sa}'-
ing women will more likely be affected by tuition increases, as they
are only half as likely to earn the
same as men (Watson, 1981).
Clift says a successful tuition
freeze campaign will hinge on the
support of the general public, and
and the middle, lower middle-
class, and poor students who are
already excluded from post-secondary education.
UBC elections
come under fire
from candidates
By Corinne Bjorge
Some UBC senate and board
candidates are complaining of
sloppy election procedures and
poor organization following the rescheduling of an all-candidates
meeting to Friday noon.
The initial meeting on Wednesday was poorly advertised said
candidates, and speakers had to
stand on couches and shout their
speeches to be heard through the
lunch time din.
"Candidates showed up
thinking this was their big chance
to win the vote of the masses, and
there was really no forum set up,"
said AMS director of administration Tim Bird.
AMS election commissioner
Andrew Colbeck said some of the
election problems stemmed from
his lack of experience.
"I was going on what happened last year, rather than looking for potential problems? said
Colbeck said relying on a new
commissioner each year has created problems in maintaining an
even level of electoral procedures
from year to year.
"Each year the commissioner
comes in cold. All that knowledge
has to come second hand? Colbeck
Bird agreed and said disorganization prior to elections was
an "historical problem" that surfaced each year.
"You mix lack of experience
with someone who isn't aware of
how much work this involves, and.
it seems time and time again that
problems are bound to arise? said
Colbeck said one way to solve
the problem would be for each
commissioner to note down suggestions and then file copies. Although it has been done in the
past, "either someone doesn't
write it up, or it disappears? he
Another option is to require
electoral officers to have at least
one year's experience on the student administrative commission.
It's a "good idea" said Bird,
but it would be difficult to enforce.
"Sometimes we have a whole crew
of brand new SAC members."
January 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 The University of British Columbia
by Sean O'Casey
January 13-23
Special Previews -13 + 14
2 for the price ofl regular admission
Curtain: 8 pm
Thursday Matinee - Jan. 21 @ 12:30 pm
Support Your Campus Theatre
Cone to forme
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Jan 20th
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Invites Applications for the Position of
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Information Meetings: 6:30 p.m. in the Residence Commonsblocks -
January 12 at Totem Park; January 13 at Place Vanier, Janurary 14 at
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Applications will be accepted from January 4th to January 18th, 1988
at the Front Desks of the Single Student Residences, or at the Ponderosa Housing Office.
1 HR.$3!
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Reform threatens
$6 billion prison industry
Fraser Institute wants to
from paeel
slashing,   or   other   means   at
Oakalla, according to Culhane.
But the correctional system
is under no public pressure to
change. "Prisons are not sexy
things? says Curt Griffiths, an
SFU criminology professor. "The
public gets involved on the same
level as the media, when a crisis
happens. Everyone steps from crisis to crisis. Between crises, the
media is not interested? he says.
To make prisons more accountable to the public, Claire
Culhane proposes each prison be
monitored by independent public
prison councils.
"Prisons are not sexy
things. The public
gets involved on the
same level as the
media, when a crisis
—Curt Griffiths
"If there is no accountability
there will always be problems.
Community prison boards, similar
to hospital boards and education
boards, would help solve the problem? Culhane says.
Griffiths proposes an external
civilian watchdog, like an ombudsperson with expanded powers, to
force change.
But Griffiths also says privatizing prisons would make the system more accountable to the public.
The government can tell a
private company to maintain
adequate conditions and if they
don't the government can take the
contract away? Griffiths says.
"In the United States, G.E.
and Westinghouse run medium
security prisons? he adds.
While B.C. premier Bill Vander Zalm has publicly rejected the
idea of privatizing prisons, Michael Walker, director of the
Fraser Institute, an influential
right-wing think tank, has come
out in favor of prison privatization.
Walker, in a Vancouver Rotary Club speech Wednesday, is
quoted in the Vancouver Sun as
saying, "they (prisons) have been
demonstrated as incompetent and
have been rewarded with more
funding and more staff."
"They (the B.C. government)
should take the opportunity to
privatize the prisons along with
everything else," Walker said.
Elaine Doyle, staff representative of local 103, the lower mainland correctional officer's union,
labelled prison privatization "totally unacceptable?
"Now, in a nn-profit situation, corners are cut to save dol
lars. There is a shortage of equipment for guards, radios, beepers,
etc. Imagine how service will be
dealt with in a private company?"
Doyle asks.
Privatization, and its many
backers, is one more hurdle the
prison system faces in its attempt
to achieve a coherent prison policy.
But the greatest hurdle is
getting people to recognize that
the present system is not working.
Combatting economic crime
with prisons fails to utilize human
potential, and wastes taxpayers'
money, since the same faces appear again and again in prisons.
"The B.C. government should take the
opportunity to privatize the prisons along
with everything else."
—Michael Walker
Prisoners lanquish in prison
learning new ways to hate the
society they were never able to
adapt to.
But placing more people in
newer prisons won't work. It never
Riots and escapes will occur
over and over again unless ... unless what? That's the question..
The answer is up to the public.
After all, it's our prison.
-The media get involved when crises hit prisons
January 15,1988 1$^"
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CUSO swaps love
beads for neckties
Remember   the   days    more thorough manner,
when CTISO stnnA fnr Ptm-irlipii At  around  the   same   tim<
Remember   the   days more thorough manner,
when CUSO stood for Canadian At  around  the
University   Services   Overseas? CUSO began trying
Remember when university stu- Canadian public at
He-nte  wont fn ^ovolnnintT ,-rniT*.- merit  issues,   and
(lt Canimarca, T^aAe on the road
CUSO and we were, v<\ t
seemg a working develop d cus0
S°We wondered? of
The department yp mm
people and is the•«£   F£ up Peru.
53 department-that m.
Most children n the ^ ^ 3
ure treads. .     fact of Ufe in.
Malnutrition ^ eXpen-
ence^     SdSlB come by your
little boys and grg lottery
vour plate. in {act, there
y°U in certain re^;nortality rate.
,      is a 50 per cent infoj       ^^d
an avocado compnsetn
diet* that the CUSO
Adrian says tha        0.mprove
pr0ject f.'jKrftoe-nf*-
?he standard oflmng    ^ de ^
^'"Our centre was wor^ng^
to integrate ^ulagncul.
fam^g). in^c,esavs Adrian,
tural actives   ^-ect waS the
«ln so doing our P   j mote
fiT9t systematic attempt to P
i    ^a^tureinCa^amarca,
:    Adrian. ,    fisheries centre s
The key to the u t0 the
success was demon^a^exp
*■  ItwasAfan:sjobr^rn
officer for fish^oPr^^
building and m^round
p0nds in the communind
when CUSO stood for Canadian At  around  the  same  time,
University   Services   Overseas? CUSO began trying to inform the
Remember when university stu- Canadian public about develop-
dents went to developing coun- ment issues,  and  Taring  home'
tries, short on training and long on some of the realities that CUSO
idealism? When CUSO's Ottawa cooperants were facing around the
staff sported long hair and beads, world.
That's changed, for better
or worse. Today the office staff
wear three piece suits and hobnob
staff sported long hair and beads, world.
That's changed, for better These two new factors, devel-
or worse. Today the office staff opment education in Canada, and
wear three piece suits and hobnob the more exact or targetted project
with  Ottawa bureaucrats.  And planning  have   supplanted   the
CUSO stands for, well, CUSO. original   CUSO  idea  of simply
The changes started in the sending volunteers to the Third
late sixties, when CUSO began to World,
do more than simply send over Today,the average CUSO co-
1_* _ _1_        1 . i.    r- .  4-*_OAO_ *J	
  ...„.,      ~  _UU_.*/,l,Il_ *_V_I_lg_  \-<UO*_» -U-
block placements of five or ten operant is 30-35 years old, may or
teachers or nurses. may not have attended university,
CUSO began to look at but, most importantly, has had a
specific projects in developing certain amount of experience
countries, receive feedback on working in a specific trade or in-
what resources were needed, and dustry
deal with each project in a much »«• 'cusc page 6
j provide    *
a cheap so", ■   family* n carp,
Jh<_eofilM>T<?"_ «.aria*>W,d
"Trie stated »« v*he
is almost *"§jcalto
standard e°u ,versvty
a^n Aa Adrian felt
"** pr.°S £-*• •" MnDevSopment
XJliBha* ^s g step. Uev     r     cl. ,
difficult 3°b    d,deas.
ceptive to g
Stories by Jeff Silverstein and llona Biro
January 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 Whatever the
keep you
We invite you to
subscribe now at
the special student
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CUSO is changing
with the times
from page 5
Farmers, fishermen and
people from the forest industry
have worked with CUSO in recent
years, and many Canadian unions
have formed lasting relationships
with communities in the third
All CUSO cooperants agree
that their time spent abroad was a
seminal experience, more significant and enlightening than their
schooling, their years at university, or any of the jobs that they
had held up until their CUSO
Today's national CUSO
office is indistinguishable from
any other government office in
Ottawa. This respectability,
coupled with CUSO's status as a
senior development agency, has
meant that CUSO volunteers who
spenttimein thefieldin the sixties
now are able to influence Canadian foreign policy.
Rather than blasting Canadian government policy through
resolutions of CUSO's infamous
annual meeting, or through the
press, today CUSO officials do
more one-on-one talking with parliamentarians and government
This is not to say that
CUSO is no longer interested in
university graduates, but simply
that because of the technical nature of many of their current projects, they require people who have
some practical work experience in
their field.
Regional Coordinator for
B.C., Pat Clark says, "we have a
particular interest right now in
people who have a background in
horticulture, soil science, and
people who could work as agricultural extension officers."
"There is always a need for
health care workers, physiotherapists, physicians, and nurses
(especially those with public
health specialties)," says Clark.
"We also have a growing demand
for people who have a social work
background, but with particular
experience in community development or an interest and experience
in development that is especially
oriented towards women".
For those interested in working in third world development for
CUSO, call the local office for more
information at 732-1814, or write
to CUSO at 2524 Cypress, Vancouver B.C., V6J 3N2.
Floyd had a plan it qoaran+ee
Qraduatvng at "Hie tbpoP his class
January 15,1988 Rez Sisters almost hits the jackpot
By Laura Busheikin
With his new play, The
Rez Sisters, writer
Tompson Highway
proves that he can ably handle
seven feisty women. The
The Rez Sisters
Vancouver East Cultural Centre
reservation 'sisters' of the play
are arguably the most vibrant,
fully-drawn and unforgettable
characters to walk a Vancouver
stage in a long, long time.
These women are not all
blood sisters, but they are sisters
in the sense of'sister
hood'. In spite of
their differences
age and temperament, they have
much in common. They share
the limitations of life on a reservation—money shortages,
cultural alienation, boredom,
problems with men and kids who
drink too much. Their future is
darkened with the threat of
cultural dissolution, and they
have little to look forward to in
their personal lives. But as well
as problems, the women have in
common an indomitable spirit,
strength, and humour.
They also have a common
interest: bingo. Their hopes and
dreams centre on winning a big
jackpot, and when they hear that
"the biggest bingo in the
world" will be held in
Toronto, they deter-
Muriel Miguel as Philomena Moosetail praising her new toilet seat
mine to pool their resources and
The plot, although rather insubstantial, provides a vehicle
through which the characters reveal themselves. We see the
seven women in good times and
bad; we see them fight, cry, rage,
dream. We even see them
caught with their pants down
Surprisingly, for a play with
seven main characters, and a
limited plot, the action never
seemed contrived. Each character always had a reason to be
onstage; no one was ever left
awkwardly sitting in a corner.
Scenes where all seven of the
women were active had a
marvellous, boisterous energy—
the actresses, instead of vying
with each other for focus, created
an exhilarating ensemble focus.
These madcap group scenes
worked as an ideal foil for scenes
of quiet intimacy, which shone
like jewels in a lavish setting. In
particular, the second scene,
when the women are driving to
Toronto, is riveting because
we've always seen these
women noisy arid active.
Here they sit still, in low
light, and talk of their
fears and pain, often in
masterfully written and
performed monologues.
One monologue from
this scene is especially memorable:
Emily Dictionary, a
tough ex-biker
complete with
leather jacket, tatoos
and formidable fists
shows her tender and
vulnerable side. Previously she'd asserted that
she was living on the reservation only because of
Big Joe's big loving; now
she testifies to the real
reason: she needs a
refuge from the pain she
suffered when the woman
she loved died senselessly.
(Left to right) Anne Anglin, Sally Singal, Margaret Cozry, Gloria
Miguel, Muriel Miguel, Gloria Eshkibok, Monique Mojica, and
Rene Highway in The Rez Sisters.
The play's funny monologues
are as successful as its serious
ones. In the first act, the characters reveal their values in monologues about what they would
buy with the big jackpot—if they
won it. Philomena Moosetail
wants to buy a plush toilet; the
way she revels in describing it is
Director Larry Lewis courageously practises no restraint in
moving the play from one
extreme to the other: from
humour to seriousness, from
action to stasis, from gaiety to
tragedy. The result, aided by
seven outstanding performances
by an all-native cast, is exciting,
engaging theatre.
However the weak plot ultimately takes its toll. The big
scene—the bingo game—ends
quickly and afterwards the play's
energy dissolves anti-climacti-
cally. Little has changed for the
characters. Yes, there is a death,
but there is also a birth. Most of
the characters have learned
something, but nothing that will
modify their condition. The play
ends almost where it began, and
the audience end up where they
began. The play misses being
great art because it is simply too
tidy and complacent.
Great art transports or
transforms its audience, forces
them to reevaluate, just a little
bit, some aspect of themselves
and their world. The Rez
Sisters, especially considering
that it is a play about a oppressed minority, could use a
small injection of anger. Or
perhaps it needs an inspiring vision.
Tompson does attempt to
give the play a spiritual subtext
through a character called
Nanabush—an Indian trickster
figure—who dances at the edge
of the action, occassionally
weaving into the story as a major
player. But Nanabush's role in
the play is ambiguous and at
times confusing. Too often his
presence is dismissible, as if he
were an intriguing but negligible
Still, the vivid characters
are bound to linger long after the
play's thematic gaps are forgotten.
Folk offerings:
Great name, great band
By Ann Rogers
A British X? The Smiths gone
bluegrass? Folkabilly? Finding a pigeonhole for Malcolm's Interview isn't easy.
Incorporating a pared-down, punky guitar
sound with the more traditional elements
of folk music (accordians, fiddles,
Northumbrian pipes) and vocals that split
the difference, "Breakfast in Bedlam" is
initially disconcerting. The approach may
be unabashedly folkie, but the energy and
anger bely a sensibility that is decidedly
Malcolm's Interview
Breakfast in Bedlam
Special Delivery Records
The songs largely deal with the
time-honoured topics on sex and politics,
and like most of us, Malcolm's Interview
isn't too sure about what's going on in either camp. But unlike most of us, they
are often elegantly succinct in their uncertainty. "How anyone can treat casual sex
casually is beyond me, " spits Josephine
Swiss on "Edge of Darkness", while on
"Finer Points of Feeling", Jon Towend, afflicted by a paralysing panic while sitting
on the couch with a member of the opposite sex sings, "I never see the reason I
concede to being beaten/ the eyebrow innuendo leaves me reeling."
The political consciousness reflected in their lyrics is predictably left
wing, but here again the band is confused
and frustrated rather than blatantly dog
matic. On "Sea Never Dry", a song about
minority rule in South Africa, they wonder, "Do you think there will ever be
changes while we're still alive? Or do we
look to the next generation to look back in
The album loses some momentum on side two, with lacklustre cover
versions of songs by Billy Bragg and Dick
Gaughan, and a ballad, "Crimes" which is
simply boring. Overall though, this
album is both thoughful and rowdy, one
you can think about or dance to. And isn't
Malcolm's Interview a great name for a
Three new releases
from Vancouver's
Festival Records
A slice of history
By Ann Rogers j themes are placed in a context that
Leading off with "The Generals Are      i accents the continuity of English history
Born Again" and ending with a foreboding   rather than the changes.
version of Billy Bragg's anthem, "Between
the Wars", this latest offering by the
Oyster Band is a compelling musical trip
through a ravaged Thatcherite England. .
The coalminers' strike, the Falklands war
and the social effects of general economic
decline have become the touchstones of
any self-respecting British folk artist's
vision. On "Wide Blue Yonder" such
The Oyster Band
Wide Blue Yonder
Cooking Vinyl Records
Bim disappoints
By Ann Rogers
I know that Roy Forbes - well, he
calls himself Roy Forbes, but he'll always
be Bim to me - can write great songs, play
guitar beautifully and sing with passion
and intensity. And he does it sometimes
on this album. But apparently, he set out
to make a pleasant record ratner than a
passionate one, and the talents that have
made him a perennial local favourite have
been buried in icky west coast pop music
Roy Forbes
Love Turns to Ice
A.KA Records
arrangements that consign him to the
same stable as Anne Murray and Gordon
Lightfoot. Ifyou like pleasant records,
then you'll probably love this one - it has a
bright, clean sound, some nifty guitar
work Eind , if you're one of those people
who likes Bim's voice, you'll find his
phrasing very expressive and well-suited
to the tunes.
I prefer passionate records to
pleasant ones, however. I would pay good
money to see Bim come on stage with a
battered guitar to perform these songs,
but the slick production on this album
turns me off. Play it when your parents
are around and they'll never worry about
what you do on the weekends again.
Ian Teller, like Pogue frontman
Shane MacGowan, is reputedly the band's
creative wellspring and resident drunkard. His originals combine a sort of
pastoral mysticism with a fiery proletarian spirit which is part optimism, part
frustration. The songs are thumbnail
sketches of the working classes who
constantly must endure wars, strikes and
the soul-destroying mundanity of everyday life. The resolute attitude required of
the masses is stated simply in "A Careless
Life": "Blessed are the poor in spirit -we'd
better be."
Propelled by the martial drumming of
Russel Lax and the rock-flavoured guitar
work of Alan Prosser, "Wide Blue Yonder"
showcases fine musicianship and an impeccable choice of material. Traditional
tunes, originals and even a cover of
popster Nick Lowe's "Rose of England"
make for a remarkably cohesive album.
While the Pogues threaten to lapse into
self-parody, the Oyster Band just keeps
getting better. "Wide Blue Yonder" is not
just a record. It's a slice of history.
January 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 ctxggj^r?
Jazz riddle defined
Modern musicians pursue modern ideas
"v.-"-      *.
i^S«*&* ^e\e^S^9
atvd 30tvarA sotv* .^des^^oMgV*9'
on^*6 sV,asn-- ^*_c:
ftotn^wS,s^    ^spec
£&$i ate c^:^ ate-;e^gan
s0' f vne txvetv tfj ,    sarcve
le- ^JS** * fe itvtec^ ft s-hate-
's.ipfj^  -cr)es
sounds like a riddle? a friend of
ine remarked after the first tune of
a recent jazz concert (featuring the Hugh
Fraser Quintet). Indeed, the days when
we could hum the tune on the way
home seem to have passed; Sam seems
unwilling to play As Time Goes By
in a recognizable way anymore,
except in Casablanca.
What's going on, Sam? Are
your fingers sprouting toes? Too
\        many notes, Sam. Strange notes.
\ But poor Sam wants to go
\        somewhere, a place he's never
\        been. We can't expect him to
\        repeat himself, to repeat himself
\       - no no; let him go, and let us
\       follow him and marvel at the
\       crooked path.
In other words, modem
jazz may sound like it's out in
left field, but there's a way to
get there and a reason for being
there: fresh air. Even more
importantly, it's beginning to
look like we actually are in
left field. These artists may be
introducing us to our new
Dissonance isn't "wrong"
, (unless one is doing an
exercise in musical theory)
- it can be an expression of
pain, of surprise, or of
consonance isn't "right" -
it can be an expression of
purity, of a hovering, a
\     waiting-to-go, or a
\      resting, or a quick icy
needle in the mouth.
Admire the experiment, the "gay
science" that
Nietzsche spoke
of...admire the
new expressions,
the self-expressions.
Yes, admire first the timeless classics: the forceful clarity of "fuck you", the
brutal finality of "you bitch", the slavish
pleading of "I need you", the quick thrust
of "it's you I want". But don't stop. Admire
"don't stop". Keep going and appreciate
"Oh stop now please don't do me do oh
stop me Lord oh my oh please please don't
ever stop". Forward! "Oh brain-pain
power-trip love-hate relationship, God I
want I w-w-want to flip flop fly sky high
oh my!" Go baby go, run with it, play with
Sorry. Anyway, you see how exciting *
it is to get carried away, to pursue
possibilities. Jazzers today (and this goes
for young artists of all kinds) are saying
new things. It's not easy to make them
out. It may be necessary to get to know
the old tunes ("fuck you", etc.), trace the
developments, follow footsteps. Is it worth
it?, you ask. Yes, because artists are not
merely getting carried away; they are new
people living in a new age who must say
new things if they are to be honest.
Artists turn us inside out - expose us
- and I think that even a rudimentary
appreciation of some kind of modern art is
invaluable for understanding our society's
gastronomy. And yet, as far as art music
goes, we're stuck in the sweet, digestible
18th and 19th centuries - and we leave
our musicians little choice but to make
camp there as well.
Let us lay ourselves on the table next
to the mutilated cadavers of 18th century
classicism and 19th century romanticism,
and apply the scalpel to our own guts: let
us pay attention to our artists before
they're dead and find out what we're
made of.
Martin Dawes is a Ubyssey Tuba
tootler extrodinaire.
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Dozens of Clothing Items
Selected Footwear
All Hockey Slicks, Pants,
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Regular Prices of Every
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With AMS Card
Open     9:30 am - 6:00 pm
9:30 am - 9:00 pm
3355 W. Broadway
Saturday - Wednesday
Thursday and Friday
Clerks to man polling stations for
Senate and Board of Governors Elections,
January 20, 21 and 22.
Sign up in the SAC office,
SUB 246 (AMS Executive Offices).
Present your UBC
student card before
ordering and receive a
complimentary order of
regular trench fries or
hash browns with any
Valid only at
McDonald's on Broadway -
at Blenheim.
3310 West Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
January 15,1988 A film for
art's sake
By Laura Busheikin
Just about everyone has heard of
Vincent Van Gogh—the painter
who cut off his ear and gave it to a prostitute, had recurring bouts of madness, and
lived in abject poverty, and often hermit-
like isolation, only to commit suicide at
age 37. Pretty sensational stuff. Unfortunately much of the public interest in Van
Gogh is based more on a salacious
fascination with the scandalous details of
his life, than on an appreciation of his art.
Directed by Paul Cox
The Ridge Theatre
Australian director Paul Cox's film,
entitled simply Vincent, does much to redress this injustice. The film focusses intently and lovingly on Van Gogh's art and
the artistic process itself. What emerges is
a testimonial to both the power of Van
Gogh's work and to the artistic possibilities of film.
"Painting is a faith? says the voice of
Van Gogh, "in which one conquers by
perseverence, not by making concessions".
Cox courageously follows the advice of his
subject, and makes no concessions to film
conventions. The form which he chooses
to tell Vincent's tale may seem dry and
demanding, but it allows Van Gogh's art
to speak for itself. Literally.
Vincent's 'screenplay consists solely
of a long monologue, narrated by British
actor John Hurt, culled from Van Gogh's
letters. No actor actually appears as the
painter. Van Gogh himself is the only
star in this film.
Van Gogh's life is not dramatised;
rather, it is told—eloquently, simply, movingly. And the verbal telling is but an
augment to the visual telling—a rich, ex
pressive cinematic depiction of Van
Gogh's world. The camera shows us the
countryside and the people that Van Gogh
painted. At times, actual scenes from his
paintings are recreated. As well, the
camera lingers on his paintings, often
moving in for intimate closeups which
explore the paintings as if they were
roomy houses, full of unexpected nooks
and crannies.
Creative cinematography evokes a
range of emotions and moods which complement the spoken text. When Van
Gogh's words express his runaway
excitement with the insistent beauty of
the countryside, the camera pans over the
fields so fast that the colors blur together.
As he speaks his final words, disheartened and on the verge of suicide, a hand
held camera moves into the gloom of a
dark forest path. Its uncertain, shaky,
ever darkening picture reflects perfectly
Van Gogh's state of mind.
The camera shows us Van Gogh's life
as if through his own eyes. For 105
minutes the audience shares his consciousness by sharing his vision as well as
listening to his words. Van Gogh was a
man for whom life was an intensely visual
experience; how appropriate, then, to
plunge the audience into an intensely
visual experience.
Aural elements—sound effects and
music—are used sparingly and effectively
to create moods and emphasis. And the
script proves that Van Gogh had some
writing talent as well as his other talents.
He proves to be sensitive, articulate
thinker with firm ideals about art.
Cox's interpretation of Van Gogh is
unabashedly celebratory. The film
depicts a man whose deep faith and
patience rarely wavered during a frustrating and lonely life. The film pays reverent homage to Van Gogh's committment
to and love of art. Again, Cox seems to
have taken to heart the words of his
subject: "there is nothing more artistic
than to love people."
Audiences looking for drama and entertainment may find Vincent too 'artsy*.
But anyone who is willing to invest some
energy into watching the film will be well
Luncheon Smorgasbord
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Mon   Fn   11 30 9:00 p m
2142 Western Park
UBC Village
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needed immediately,
Pay & $-5.00/hour
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Call Colin anytime
"at 222-1342
to set up an appointment.
UBC Aggies
The Times
Saturday, January 23, 1988
Margs. Hour: 8-9 p.m.    Door Prizes
Tickets $5.00 AMS Box Office
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and Ambrosia
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1905 W, Broadway
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5736 University Blvd.
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^r ^
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Expires Jan. 31, 88. Present this
coupon at time of purchase only at
the location below.
_ Have you entered the Umbertino's
V. ______ •- ■__■_■■__ ■_.__■ ■■__■■____■/ $1,000? It could be yours!
January 15,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 Instant degree no
real solution to
education needs
Americans have a way of franchising everything: fast food, drugstores, law offices, and now
education. Meet McDonald's U. Our big brother
next door has decided to set up branch offices for
a university education.
Institutions such as Connecticut State University, Northern Illinois University, and City
University of Washington, just to name a few,
have released spores north of the border. Their
target market is the working professional who
doesn't have the time for full-time studies, but
wants to continue her education on the weekend. And the product has proven successful,
why shouldn't it be? After all, it worked for
tanning salons and Weight Watcher's.
But just what is it that these people are
getting for their relatively high tuition fees,
besides a nifty tax write-off and a piece of parchment with the word "state" on it. Nobody seems
to know, including the Ministry of Colleges and
Universities which grants permission to offer
degrees. As a result, degrees are handed out in
church basements after the completion of a
curriculum which has escaped the scrutiny of
every Canadian governmental body dealing
with education. If Canadians didn't accredit
these institutions, who did? Not to fear, the
curriculum has been approved by the educational board down South. The same people who
accredited The Columbia School of Writing, not
to be confused with the more celebrated Columbia School of Journalism. You may have seen
the Columbia School of Writing advertised in
such noted publications as The Fantastic Four,
Spiderman, Wierd Tales of War, and for the
more conservative reader: Superman.
Accessible education is needed in this country. But not at the price of reducing the value of
a University degree which most of us work hard
to attain. Dehydrating a degree for those who
don't have the time to sit and brew through it is
not the answer. It might,work for coffee, but not
for Descartes.
JANUARY 15,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays throughout the academic year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of
the staff and not necessarily those ofthe university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of
Canadian University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k
ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301/228-2305;  advertising, 228-3977.
Martin Dawes and Chris Wiesinger crouched innocently in the
centre ofthe newschamber, building a small bonfire on which to cook
their chocolate souffle a la poulet. Ross McLaren pushed them aside and
started boiling a story about nasty Dr. Strangway selling babies to raise
funds for a Socred dinner he planned to hold after he converted the
Department of Philosophy into a profit^oriented corporation. Katherine
Monk pushed him aside and threw one of Peter Lankester. Turbo Xts
into the flames. It had eaten one of her stories. Mandel Ngan squinted
through the smoke and observed that Corinne Bjorge's story was getting
Deanne Fisher whooped in exhilaration as she read Carey Linde's
nostalgic considerations of days gone by. Where, wondered Jennifer
Lyall, were the spirits of yesteryear? Steve Chan coughed — the smoke
from the inferno in the centre of the room had irritated his sensitive
throat. "Is something burning?" asked Julia Denholm innocently.
"Naawwh," mumbled Peter Francis as he withdrew his limbs into his
body and rolled out of the room.
"News meeting!" screeched Laura Busheikin, peering at her watch
through the billows of acrid foulness emanating from the fire. Jeff
Silverstein had just added a tire he had pried off a campus security car
while the two occupants slept. Everyone stumbled into the corner ofthe
room, except Derek and Mike, who wished to tend the fire, which had
started engulfing the news-desk.
"What the fuck is happening," wailed a distraught Victor Chew
Wong, "There's no fuckin' news anywhere!" Alex Johnson suggested
making up a story about SUB burning down. Michael Groberman and
Ann Rogers looked up. "But darling, darling pleeeese — stand by me,"
they howled together, thinking that this would somehow get everyone's
minds off the problem. Kevin Harris, alert despite the monoxide which
was slowly beginning to affect everyone, asked: "Sorry — what was the
question, professor?" The sports and city desks suddenly exploded into
flames. Kyoko Oka smiled suavely and knowingly, pulling marshmallows from the depths of her coat-pockets.
"Is something burning?" asked Ilona Biro, bravely.
Corinna Bjorgo
Ross McLaran
Laura Bushoikin
Victor Chew Wong
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with identification, to SUB 241k.  Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
'Please! Find someone to
take that typewriter away
from Kurt Preinsperg!'
Please!    Find some- ingtohinu
one to take that type- There is no pleasing
writer away frora?Kurt thisman. He doesn't want
Preinsperg!   The man is to know who she is.   He
an absolute, insufferable treats her like a doll. Push
bore. her left button and she
Scott D. Mendelson "becomes a cheerful per-
Graduate Studies son who has something to
Psychology say"; push her right button, "natural charm and
emotional warmth"; push
Make-up, colouration her middle button, you
to enhance the face and guessed it, her legs fly off.
hide its blemishes, is part However,  the catch
of our evolved mating rit- 22; he  won't touch  her
ual. If a woman wishes to unless she has beauty,
attract a man, she entices She applies beauty only to
him with a beautiful face "foster and endorse look-
or that which she's told ism; raise rivalries among
men find attractive: just worn en      to      absurd
like   the   peacock,   she heights...?
shows her colours.:: Please,   lets   get   it
It works: a man steps straight: Women who try
forward and asks her to conform to media
name. They chat. She beauty are "incurably
thinks, wasn't that lucky I naive", and men always
read Cosmo, went to the measure a woman's worth
movies and took a peek at by her looks. If "intelli-
penthouse. These educa- gent, sensitive, liberated"
tional tools have pointed men, like Kurt Prein-
out to me what men ad- sperg, wish to end "look-
mire in women. A man ism" then they must ad-
stands before her as her dress their criticism at the
reward. Now she tells him men who "evaluate a
about her interests. woman, the moment she
But this man points enters [their] perceptual
out that her cheeks and field".    When men stop
eyes are grotesque, analo- evaluating  by   physical
gous to a clown or "tawdry" appearances   then   the
tart.      Her   self-esteem makeup overdoses   will
plummets. She takes the stop;   It is nieh's evalu-
make-up off and shows her ations   of women   that
"real face" to him. It back- remain  "pernicious   and
fires when he tells her she demeaning",
should "do-up her face'to C.Burke
make her physically pleas- MFA Student
Bank screws students
The Bank of Montreal
had by last fall completed its
merger of all savings accounts into the 'Investment
Savings Account? leaving
UBC students committed to
a plan specifically designed
to attract high - income
earners. Moreover, the
Bank made no effort to create an awareness of the
multitude of service charges
that accompanied this action.
Nor can it be expected
to do so; itis, after all, a profit maximizing firm that has
apparently little regard for
students' interests. The
Bank's policies
are clearly set
against anyone
If the AMS decides to
address the issue, it may
well begin by making a
statement on the matter,
and lobbying Administration to do the same. This
alone would constitute an
immense improvement over
the present situation, in
which we are in fact rewarding Bank of Montreal's
hypocritical behavior (they
claim to be here to help us!)
by continuing to do business
with them.
Banks charging similar
fees claim that all they are
doing is covering the costs of
providing services. So how
can other financial inter-
me di aries
certainly including the vast
majority of students, who
fails to maintain a minimum monthly balance of
$600. This account provides
for an escalating reward to
accounts balancing more,
and most importantly, it
punishes, ie. discourages,
persons with lower balances
with increasing severity.
The University, a significant client of the Bank,
has not said a word about
this. Then again, why
should they? This responsibility falls on the AMS, the
one body that claims to represent our best interests.
Our society has not taken
any action to publicize these
service charges, nor has it
issued any statement in
protest ofthe bank's actions.
It is interesting to note that
even though the Society is a
major client of the Bank, itis
(probably) unaware of it's
anti-student bias.
pay at least the same interest on all deposits without
these charges? It is not an
unacceptable leap of logic to
suggest that the answer lies
in their more efficient use of
resources, our deposits.
More questions come to
mind: do we want to continue supporting a corporate giant that pursues policies unquestionably discriminatory against us? For
being grossly inefficient and
careless with our money?
Hopefully not.
If the AMS, our collective voice, fails to promptly
act on this, why should any
other bank resist from instituting similar 'service
charges'? Certainly not for
fear of adverse publicity.
I wonder whether there
is a joke or two about us
dumb students in a few
banks' boardrooms?
Baljit Salh is an economist
who doesn 't like baby killers.
January 15,1988 A call to arms
Ex-student, AMS hack reminisces
A sixties protest: Oct. 1968 UBC faculty club occupation.
dhj visser photo
Your January 8th issue contained a memory
provoking article by Deanne Fisher who compared
the activist andissue oriented AMS Councils ofthe
late '60's with the "match bock logo" and "to dance
or not to dance" AMS Council of today. The article
got the old nostalgia juices flowing.
ment the activist students had allies in the professors.
The end result of it all was students on the
Board of Governors, Senate, Presidential Selection
Committee, and Faculty Councils, you name it.
Token students everywhere.
In 1968 there was a clear and discernable difference between the philosophies, goals, and interests
of a great many students and the interests of the
deans, administration and Provincial authorities.
Are there any such differences today?
Seven student senatorships will go by acclamation and two remain vacant out of apathy and the
lack of any real debate, major issues, and clashing
It is up to the students to define
issues and demand action of the
AMS,the administration, and ul-
It is true that in 1968 UBC students "invaded"
the Faculty Club behind a scared pink pig; had sit-
ins, beer-ins, feed-ins and teach-ins; rallied around
the then anti-establishment Georgia Straight in
its daily battles against the Courts and Milt the license inspector; cheered the Town Fool as he
showed up Mayor Tom Campbell for the fool he
was; joined SFU students in occupying the SFU
Administration Building and were among the heroic 114 that got arrested; supported the SFU . , „ .
students when they voted to rename their school timateiy Ot SOCiety.
Louis Riel Uni versity; actively protested the war in
Vietnam, apartheid in South Africa and Socred
education policy; supported the Black Panthers in
Oakland; some demonstrated at the Chicago
Democratic convention.
In every possible way UBC students pushed
for representation at every level ofthe University
in their demand for democracy in their lives. It was
an incredibly vibrant and creative time in which to
be a student. Most folk don't get that much activity
in a life time, let alone one year.
dialectics. The interests of today's student body
would seem to be, if not in concert with the interests
ofthe Senate, then at least not in conflict with them.
And is the interest ofthe Senate the same as Victoria (which is the interest ofthe market place)? Some
will argue that Victoria is entitled to be interested in
the market place.
The activism of the late 1960's, if it was anything, was a public rejection by students of the
interests ofthe market place. The unbridled interests ofthe market place were seen as the root evil and
T*_i__ TTKiroomr *£/-»_• *J-Vi«_+ T"»/_-n__-l cause of the issues of the day, from Vietnam to the
.   V.i ^    *    .      Jm.       Pe/7 plight of the Indians, and everything in between.
Today's AMS may or may not stand properly
charged for lack of leadership and inaction of major
issues (if there are any). That is for the students to
judge, if they have the desire. And it is certainly true
that student councils have an important role - if they
choose to recognize it. But it is equally true, as I have
said, that it is up to the students to define and
determine issues and priorities, and to demand action of the AMS, the ad-
reads like a script of street theatre.
The bound collection of The Ubyssey for that
period reads like a script of street theatre and is
"must" reading for anyone with an historical bent.
But it was the students - and NOT the AMS -
that defined issues and
pushed toward solutions. The AMS, as
activist oriented as the
editorials in the Vancouver Sun tried to
paint it, was nearly always behind, and
hardly ever abreast of,
student opinion.
It is also important to remember that
around those same
years the faculty staff,
particularly in Arts but
also in Science, were
pushing for their own
reforms against their
deans and an entrenched administration.   For a brief mo-
An eighties style protest rocks UBC
kevin hall photo
ministration, and ultimately of society.
The students should
make the university
(and the AMS) and not
the university make the
students, as some suggest it has become, and
others that it always has
Carey Linde is a former
UBC student activist
turned lawyer. [Acting
AMS president ('68),
AMS vice presiden t ('68-
'69) and Law Student
Assoc. President ('69-
Evening Polls, Wednesday, January 20,1988
as follows:
4:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m.
(Board and Senate at-Large Elections Only)
Totem Park Common Block
Place Vanier Common Block
Walter H. Gage Common Block
Sedgewick Library S.U.B.
Daytime Polls, Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday.
January 20, 21, and 22,1988
9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Woodward Library
Sedgewick Library
Henry Angus
War Memorial Gymnasium
C.E.M.E. Building
Computer Science
Hebb Theatre
(Subject to students being available to run these polling stations.
Candidates from which
Robert Beynon
Shane M. Kennedy
Geoff Lyster
Gary Mark
Bob Seeman
Lionel Yip
Lawrence Zucker
TWO are to be elected:
(M.A. Candidate - History)
(Third Year Arts)
(Second Year Law)
(Third Year Arts)
(Second Year Law)
(Second Year Law)
(Second Year Law)
Candidates from which FIVE are to be elected:
Terry Chan
Tony Fogarassy
Sean Haffey
Derek Pettingale
Alex Speers
Steve Wilson
(Third Year Arts)
(Ph.D. Candidate - Geo
logical Sciences)
(Second Year Arts)
(Second Year Commerce)
(Ph.d. Candidate - Food
(Second Year Commerce)
(One to be elected)
Ernest Lam (Third Year)
Dwayne M. Ogasawara        (Third Year)
(Voting will take place in the Woodward Library only.)
Jeff Andrews
Ken Madsen
(One to be elected)
(Second Year)
(Second Year)
(It should be noted that any allegation or irregularities with these elections must be submitted in writing to the Registrar within 48 hours of the close of
polling (exclusive of weekends or public holidays)
and must include the signatures of at least three
students eligible to vote.)
January 15,1988
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Winter session course books may
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receipt) for full refund anytime
up to January 29,1988. After
this date all course books will
be non-returnable.
Books must be unmarked and in
saleable-as-new condition.
Remember to keep your sales receipt:
No Receipt • No Refund • No Exceptions
6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
Rhodes revealed
By Deanne Fisher
When he died in 1902, Cecil
Rhodes left seventy young people
the opportunity to study at Oxford
university every year. He also left
behind a legacy of racism, slavery,
sexism and misogyny.
The immoral stigma attached
to the Rhodes scholarship and its
origin doesn't stop most winners
from accepting the prestigious
award but neither does the scholarship further the inhumane ideals of Cecil Rhodes.
"Occasionally, people have
refused to apply for it because it
was N built from the sweat of black
people'? said Peter Fairey, secretary of the Rhodes Scholarship for
B.C. But "there is nothing about
the scholarship that perpetuates
anything immoral? he added.
Rhodes, a British
imperialist and the
founder of Rhodesia,
accumulated his
wealth through diamond mines and the
labor of black slaves.
Rhodes, a British imperialist
and the founder of Rhodesia, accumulated his wealth through diamond mines and the labor of black
slaves. Carroll Quigley, a professor at Georgetown university,
wrote in his The Anglo American
Establishment' of a secret society
founded by Rhodes devoted to the
"preservation and expansion of
the British Empire." The scholarships, said Quigley, were "merely
a facade to conceal the secret society, or...were to be one of the instruments by which the members
of the secret society could carry out
his purpose."
Fairey admits there have
been problems with the scholarships but because the criteria for
the award are incorporated in
Rhodes' will, any changes must go
through the lengthy British Parliamentary process.
Black people in South Africa
are hampered from obtaining eligibility for the scholarship by the
institutions Rhodes chose to acknowledge. Two of the five scholarships awarded in South Africa
are given to students of white-only
"Rhodes' trustees are trying
to change that? said Robert Wai,
the 1988 recipient of the award for
British Columbia, and a first year
law student at UBC. "What (the
scholarship) has turned out to be is
not what Rhodes intended? he
"The criteria are so opposite to
what (Rhodes) was? said Fairey,
"He would never have won it himself."
Fairey said the trustees of the
will "can't get into affirmative
action and take it upon themselves
to change the criterea. The problem, said Fairey, is "most blacks
(in South Africa) don't have the
education to qualify." But some of
the white South African Rhodes
Scholars "have tried to encourage
the blacks and make it easier for
them to qualify? added Fairey.
Women were not eligible for
the award until a British Act of
parliament in 1976 altered the
will. Rhodes, once accused of misogyny by Queen Victoria, included "qualities of manhood" as a
criteria for the selection of the
scholarship recipient.
During the first and second
world wars, the scholarship was
not awarded in Germany but since
has been reinstated in West Germany.
For a lot of the other alterations to Rhodes' original intentions, "we can thank his solicitor,
who sort of calmed him down?
said Fairey.
Wai said the scholarship is
"far removed from Rhodes.... You
have to separate the man from the
(Rhodes) foundation." "I can't be
ungrateful? said Wai, "but I'm not
saying I admire anything about
the man."
Wai added that a lot of the
Rhodes Scholars "are accomplishing things in their own way? many
of them by travelling to Africa and
providing medical aid.
"The criteria are so
opposite to what
(Rhodes) was," said
Fairey, "He would
never have won it
The selections committee,
which determines the winner, is
coordinated by Fairey and though
the identity of the members is
confidential, he ensures that the
committee includes representatives from all three B.C. universities, science and arts scholars,
women and sometimes non-academics.
The membership isa secret to
prevent "these people from being
lobbied or bothered? said Fairey.
But "there is no secret agenda? he
Fairey is a lawyer at a law
firm which includes five Rhodes
Scholars, one of whom is a woman.
Another, Andrew Wilkinson, is
both a lawyer and a doctor of
Rhodes scholarship recipient
moves beyond stereotypes
By Deanne Fisher
Robert Wai doesn't think he
has anything: "remarkably insightful" to say, "But I've always
been kind of quiet? he says.
Wai was recently
awarded the 1988
Rhodes Scholarship for
his scholastic excellence
iii economics, athletic
expertise in tennis, badminton and squash and
strong qualities of character.
Wai's success has
yet to al ter the si ze of hi s
head. He overflows with
perceptive ideas and
theories on everything from bureaucracy to the values of loafing. And his humility is an inspiration to egomaniacs everywhere.
"Alot of the people I admire
most never went to university?
said Wai. "Everything is useful
and educating. And an achievement on its own?
Though Wai is studying first
Rhodes scholar Robert Wai loafing in the Ubyssey office
year law at UBC, he still finds time
to watch television. TV can be
more educational than reading?
he said.
Wai   studied  economics   at
McGill University and says he has
noticed "a stigma attached to
arts at UBC." "Everyone is
deadly pragmatic. The atmosphere is so anti-arts," says Wai,
"Yet UBC has a stronger arts
In   the   future,
Wai will continue in
law at Oxford University for two years
and then hopes to
study in Asia.    He
chose   law   not  because his father is a
lawyer but because it
"brought together all
the social sciences?
Wai isn't really interested
in practicing law, except for the
experience, but would prefer to
be "part of the bureaucracy?
"I think you can contribute
there," says Wai.
The Ubyssey is now
accepting applications for one full
time or 2 part-time
production editors.
Position runs from
January 28 - March
30. Deadline for applications: January
21,1988. Applicants
will be screened by
staff members and
elections will be
(604) 876-0828
• automatic collating
• 3 hole paper
• standard coloured paper
2nd Floor, 2174 Western Parkway
(at University Village)
Vancouver, B.C. Tel: 224-6225
Mon-Th8-9    Fri 8-6    Sat-Sunll-6
January 15,1988


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