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The Ubyssey Nov 29, 1988

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Array the Ubyssey
Referendum
challenged
By Jennifer Lyall
The Alma Mater Society referendum on rec fac was improperly conducted and should be declared invalid, says a student who
has gone to the AMS Ombudsoffice
with his complaint.
"The AMS was one-sided in
their promotion of the issue, and
as a result the referendum is biased," said Keith Davidson. The
AMS should have provided students with information about rec
fac, but instead they engaged in a
propaganda campaign, he said.
Davidson specifically objected to pro-rec fac articles in the
Informant and to advocacy advertising: They paid for ads on the
buses that said not simply Vote'
but Vote yes.'"
"I understand that over a
thousand dollars of student money
was spent on those two things
alone."
Because the information they
received was biased, students
could not make truly informed
decisions and so the referendum
was illegitimate, said Davidson.
"I don't believe the yes vote
represents student opinion," said
Davidson. "The whole thing was
influenced by the yes-campaign.
Those who opposed it didn't have
an equal opportunity to state their
views because they didn't have
AMS President Tim Bird
access to funds to publicize their
position, nor did they have the
advantages of a large organization
to assist in the campaign."
"I've talked to a lot of people
who opposed it but there was no
organized campaign for us to give
our support to," he said. "It was
very much a bunch of individuals
opposing the AMS."
AMS president Tim Bird did
agree that the AMS should not
have run such a partisan campaign, but he argued that the AMS
was not the only guilty party. "I
was appalled at the way almost
everybody handled it," he said.
"When it becomes clear that
The Ubyssey was not objective,
when you see individuals actively
soliciting no-votes right beside
voting stations, when you see yes
and no posters being torn down
across campus—why point fingers
at the AMS alone?" asked Bird.
"Almost every group involved
threw the rule book out the window."
But none of the sleaze ultimately affected the vote, said Bird.
"Overall a completely untainted
referendum would have yielded
the same percentage majority of
yes votes but the turnout would
have been much lower."
"If you're going to call the referendum off you have to ask, did
these mistakes sway the referendum by 2000 votes? I think you'd
have a tough time convincing
people that it actually did."
Bird denied the allegation
that voters didn't get to hear the
arguments against rec fac. "Between The Ubyssey and The Informant both sides were covered," he
said. "I think the students who
were at all interested had ample
opportunity to understand all the
issues."
Davidson has asked the AMS
Ombudsoffice to "review the entire
referendum process to see if the
way the AMS went about it was
unfair."
"It's pretty much an ethical
question, which puts it squarely in
the jurisdiction of the Ombudsoffice " he said.
MANDEL NGAN PHOTO
The Ubyssey overwhelms the mind of yet another student
Lewis preaches environmental planning
Former U.N. Ambassador visits UBC
By Greg Davis
The world is moving into a
period where the risks of environmental disaster are more menacing than ever, former Canadian
United Nation Ambassador
Stephen Lewis told a capacity
crowd at UBC Friday.
And in the western industrialized states, over 80 percent of
the world's resources are being
used by 25 percent of the world's
population, said the former Ontario NDP leader.
The poor countries that are
being told to cut back industrially
for the environment's sake while
their aid is decreasing and debt is
increasing, said Lewis.
"There has to be some kind of
equity between First and Third
worlds," he said, adding that the
West must share the burden with
the developing nations.
The former ambassador was
outraged at the situation facing
developingnations, where much of
the arable land is used for commercial exports to help pay back
the high interest debts that are
owed to the wealthy countries.
Rainforests then fall victim to
peasants seeking land of their own
to till and end up destroying the
ecological balance, said Lewis.
Lewis praised the World
Commission on Environment and
Development Report entitled "Our
Common Future" which stresses
the link between world economic
development and environmental
salvation.
Lewis said the report shows
"the problems inherent in sustainable development. How do you get
the Western governments to reduce their reliance on fossil fuels?"
Sustainable development is
the level of production that can
meet the world's needs without
destroying the fragile ecosystem.
"If you are strongly attached
to the growth ethic you are not
VOLUME 71, Number 23
going to be able to manage an effective cutback. Never again can
we engage in programs of economic growth without measuring
the consequences to present and
future generations," said Lewis.
In order to manage sustainable development effectively,
Lewis said there must be a high
degree of political will. "We've put
billions into megaprojects in the
energy field, but a smidgen of that
into alternative means of energy. I
don't see any evidence ofthe political will being seized with the urgency of it all," he said.
A stronger commitment to the
United Nations and an easing of
Vancouver, B.C. Tuesday, November 29,1988
the austere conditions imposed on
some countries by institutions
such as the International Monetary Fund are steps the
Brundtland report and Lewis see
as vital.
The relationship between
development and the environment
is now being universally recognized, and there must be a connection between disarmament and
the environment, said Lewis.
Lewis said trillions are spent
on arms while the problems of
starvation and pollution continue
due to world disorganization and
procrastination. Classifieds
Rates: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00,
additional lines 60 cents, commercial -3 lines,
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more) Classified ads payable In advance.
Deadline 4.-00 p.m.. two days before publlcal-
ton. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C.V6T2A7
10 - FOR SALE - COMMERCIAL
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Prompt Delivery for X-Mas, write or phone
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Call now to arrange an intv. 685-6516.
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70 - SERVICES	
GRAMMATICALLY PERFECT papers get
better marks. If your writing is less than
perfect, have your work edited. Call Katie
737-0575.
The Ubyssey Office
(SUB 241K) 4-8 pm
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TRAVEL CUTS IS...
Going Your Way!!
♦Student Flights*
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♦Adventure Tours*
*And Much More*
Visit the Student Travel
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S.U.B. 228-6890
#203
G. TE HENNEPE
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4545 W. 10th Ave., 228-1433.
ABC EDITING & PROOFREADING for
Accuracy, Brevity, Coherence in articles,
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WORD WEAVERS - still on 41st bus line.
New location #101 - 2258 W. 41st Ave. at
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custom word processing, aussi en francais.
Tel. 266-6814.
A & Y Manuscript Masters
Specialists in scientific texts, graphs, grammar correction and style polishing. 253-
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TYPING RIGHT BY UBC Quick, All Kinds
$1.25/pg DSP Call Rob 228-8989 anytime.
WHY PAY MORE? Top quality word processing for students at guaranteed lowest
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ACCURATE REPORTS word processing,
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ACTORS WANTED for Brave New Hay
Rites. Auditions Dec. 13 & 14,4-7. Call Deb.
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ACTIVISTS - Get hold of Greenpeace and
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DIRECTORS NEEDED for Brave New Play
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85 - TYPING
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
word proc. & IBM typewriter. Student rates.
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Typing, Editing, NO NOTICE REQUIRED, resumes. (Same day service).
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WORD PROCESSING, $2.00/dbl. sp. page,
MLA, APA, CMS, editing. ComputerSmiths,
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ADINA WORD PROCESSING for resumes,
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WORD PROCESSING - Quality work at
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Accurate,   APA/MLA   experienced   laser
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UBO Persona} Compute** Club
APPLE Meeting- Noon, SUB 211;
AMIGA Meeting ♦  H;$fc-1.301
SUB 111
Jewish Students* Association/
Hillel
Hebrew University Information
Display & Speaker, noon, Hillel
House
Jewish  Students' Association/
Hillel
Hot Lunch, 12:3Qpm-Hillel House
WEDNESDAY
UBC Personal Computer Club
ATARI meeting, Noon, SUB 211.
Lesbian Discussion Group
Meeting,   12:30   pm,   Lutheran
Campus Centre Lounge
Jewish  Students'  Association/
Hillel
Jewish Studies Discussion Group
w/Rabbi M.Feuerstein* 12:30 pm,
Hillel House
Graduate Student Society
Live Jaw & Blues with Peter
Huron & Tony Wilson, 6:30 -,9:Q0
pm, fireside Lounge, Graduate
Student Centre,
UBC Student Ministry
Sign Up for "Friendship Internationa) Christmas Program*; phone
Sheila Jones 261-6182 before Dec.
1st.
Zen Meditation Society
Meditation and Instruction
3:30 - 4:30pm,
Grad Centre Penthouse
THURSDAY
UBC Personal Computer dub
LB.M. Meeting, Noon, SUB 2U,
MAC Meeting, Noon, SUB 215.
UBC Stamp Club
Last  trading session, Noon at
UBC, Angus 221.
UBC Student Ministry
"Focus": Heading Home: Havoc or
Harmony; panel discussion. Noon,
Angus -#417.
Inter-Varsity Christian
Fellowship Dagwood Lunch and
Christmas Party (Bring a dollar
for lunch). Noon, Family and Nutritional Sciences, Rm. 30.
Association of Christian Clubs
Rally, Noon, SUB 207/209,
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel — Latke Lunch & talk on
Hannukah, noon, Hillel House.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel ***** Israel: Dancing. 12:30
pm, Hillel House.
University Christian Ministries
Come Join us as Rob Powell talks
about Christmas vs. Xmas. 12:30,
Brock Hall 302.
Newman Club (Catholic University Students Assoc.)
Speaker; Monica Guest. 12:30, $t.
Mark's College.
CiTR;    It's Just Talk with EJ
Moorhouse
Faith Healing and the New Age
Movement with Christohelle
Call; 228-aTR/228-3017
FRIDAY
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On Saturday, December 31
the UBC Sailing Club is looking for designs for window
stickers and a club logo. Ifyou
are the talented artist who
blows the mainsail off the
executive, you could win a
free day cruise on the club
keel boat! Competition is
open to all members and entries close Saturday, December 31. Information available
at Room 58 SUB between
12:30 to 1:30. Or call Ken Ou
at 228-4321.
[GAGE TOASTMASTERS
100B, and is open Monday -
Friday, 9:30am - 9:30pm.
Trained student volunteers
can supply information regarding social services,
health and life management,
entertainment, current
events and campus information., A tutor and typist registry is available as well as a
peer counselling service. Peer
counselling is available on a
drop-in or phone-in basis.
Something you want to know?
Just want to talk? Drop in to
Speakeasy SUB 100B. Or call
our information line (228-
3777) or peer counselling line
(228-3700). Well listen.
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Call the Walter Gage Toast-
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224-9976.
SPEAKEASY
Students Helping
Students
Speakeasy is a subsidiary of
the AMS. It is a peer counselling and information center  located   in   SUB   room
ARC, a UBC undergraduate
literary magazine published
for students by students that
provides a forum for student
writing from all departments,
is still accepting short stories,
essays, poetry and plays,
along the theme of "Heroes"
for the 1988-1989 issue contest. (General submissions
welcome too.) All submissions
should be handed in the ARC
letterbox in Buchanan Tower
397 by January 3, 1989. Contacts: Jon Derksen at 224-
9927 or Rob Sherwood at 263-
5908.
2/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988 jf- >{.,,
mm
Campus cup recycling proposed
By Dona Biro
The Alma Mater Society has
ushered environmental issues
into its own arena, and is on its
way to creating a recycling program that would see students reusing coffee cups.
A policy that has been successfully introduced on other
Canadian campuses allows students to bring their own coffee
cups to the university where they
can fill up' for a nickel less than
the price of a coffee purchased
with a throwaway cup.
Tim Bird, AMS President,
says he thinks the idea of using
biodegradeable cups, (five cents
more expensive than cups currently being used), and instituting
a "bring your own cup' policy are
good ideas. But he said the main
problem is one of standardizing
the sizes of cups that people bring
to campus in order to charge a fair
pnce.
One solution to the problem of
standardizing coffee cups brought
for a fill up would be to arrange for
plastic cups to be made and sold.
These types of cups are used at
UVic and in Gage, and pay for
themselves after a week or two of
drinking coffee at the reduced
price.
Tim Bird feels that the AMS
will be able to switch over. "If we
set a precedent, then well have a
lot more leverage in trying to get
UBC Food Services to follow suit".
With a full time student population of around 25,000 students,
having 5 cups of coffee a week,
with 30 odd weeks in an academic
year, there are well over 4,000,000
coffee cups being filled, consumed
and thrown away at UBC each
year.
Styrofoam, once thrown into a
landfill, takes the span of several
McGill assault
charges dropped
generations to break down. The
alternative disposal method, incineration, is equally destructive,
emitting chemicals into the air
and further heating an already
overheated and fragile atmosphere.
Some companies use chlo-
rofluorocarbons to "inflate" styrofoam in the manufacturing process. This method of producing styrofoam is especially dangerous
since chlorofluorocarbons are one
of the primary causes of ozone
destruction.
The UBC Environmental
Interest Group (UBCEIG) began
looking into the problem of waste
food containers on campus and
discovered that UBC Food Services uses cups manufactured by
Canada Cup which do not use chlorofluorocarbons in processing, as
was feared.
But the problem of space in
city landfills is mounting, and
styrofoam and similar disposable
food containers form a large percentage ofthe garbage mass, taking decades to decompose.
MONTREAL (CUP)—No charges
will be laid in the alleged rape of a
woman at a McGill University
fraternity party.
"After having studied and
analysed all ofthe facts, we are not
able to say that a criminal act was
committed," crown prosecutor
Louise Villemure said ofthe decision.
"It is unfortunate for the
young woman whois involved. But
we still need proof. No one can give
us the essential elements that can
prove that a criminal act took
place."
The incident allegedly took
place during rookie initiation of
rugby players at Zeta Psi —
McGiU's oldest fraternity — on
September 22.
A 19-year-old McGill student
said she was raped by three members of the frat while 10 others
watched from the doorway.
"Thirteen guys are all corroborating each others' stories and
they are all fraternity brothers.
It's my word against theirs," she
said.
The Concordia University
Womens' Collective is asking students to sign a petition calling on
the Crown to re-open the case.
"We believe that all women
have the right to be safe from
rapists and have the right to protection under the law," said
Melanie Kerridge, a member of
Concordia's Womens' Collective.
"I want justice to be done," the
student who laid the complaint
said after the Crown's decision
was announced. "They did something wrong and I want to see
them punished for it. Fd like to see
the Crown re-open the case and
look if there are other similar
precedents so they can be brought
to trial.
"I want my day in court".
"I really can't describe the
way I felt after. I knew Fd been
raped but I was in a kind of daze. It
was asif the whole thing happened
to a third person. Nothing had
sunk in emotionally. I didn't know
how to classify the whole thing."
"Everything finally hit me at
the McGill home coming game."
"I heard these awful songs
that men were singing and went
home and cried all night."
The woman said she was
given the impression that if the
case had gone to court, it would
have been very difficult for her.
"There was the implication
that three ofthe best defense lawyers in Montreal would be on the
case and would make me look like
a whore."
McGill students Robert
Wexler and Marcus Knill, and
Concordia student and Zeta Psi
alumnus David Moffat, were
suspended from Zeta Psi after the
incident.
SUB arson suspected
The bowels of the Student
Union Building were set afire in
a suspected arson attempt last
Saturday night, sending eleven
firefighters to quell the blaze.
The major problem was not
the flames, however, but the
gushing sprinkler system which
flooded the lower plaza, causing
damage to aquasoc, the varsity
outdoor club, and peace club offices.
Arson is suspected as burning newspapers and two other
small fires were found outside
the Intramurals office in South
plaza.
The Photo Society's display
case and Intramural sports'
cork board was also set ablaze,
which activated the sprinkler
system.
Because the on-off valve to
the sprinkler head was hidden
by a ceiling tile, the water had to
be turned off at the main.
When the sprinkling
dwindled, water had seeped its
way to the Thunderbird shop, 3
feet inside the arcade, and into
the copy area—missing the
machines themselves.
The mess took over one and
a half hours to clean up with a
wet vacuum.
This is the second attempt
at torching the same area of
SUB, but no serious damage
was done in the summer incident.
Joan Bratty ofthe UBC Environmental Interest Group, says
it's incredible to use exclusively
paper and plastic food containers
and utensils in a campus restaurant like Tortellini's.
"I would rather see recyclable
paper products than plastic and
styrofoam, but it would be best to
see a return to china and silverware. Aside from purely aesthetic
reasons, the rejection of completely disposable food packaging
would indicate that students are
concerned about their direct individual responsibility for the environment."
As well, much of the food at
UBC that is packaged for 'easy
take-out and disposal' is never
actually taken out of the restaurant anyhow. What we once called
'take-out' packagingis now considered normal food packaging in
campus restaurants where most
customers eat on the premises.
Also, student-run food operations
are quicker to change than private
businesses, which usually have to
see a  decline in profits before
they'll change their environmentally unsound business practices.
"A lot of it is education," said
Bratty, "and that should be part of
the AMS's function-to make students aware of their environmental impact". The context is
global, but as the saying goes, the
action has to begin locally.
Recently the EIG sponsored a
Recycling Day in SUB, and within
the space of about 6 hours, several
hundred signatures were collected
on a petition encouraging UBC
Food Services to support the "bring
your own cup' for a discount concept. "If we had a campus-wide
petition, you'd really get a good response", said Bratty.
The EIG will be presenting a
report including the petition to
UBC Food Services and Student
Council in January, in the hopes
that a campus food packaging policy change will follow soon after.
Indeed the day may come when a
UBC student receives a UBC plastic coffee cup in his registration
package, encouraging an ecologically sound campus-wide policy.
Arson is suspected in Sunday's SUB blaze.
November 29,1988
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Most cars    Regular $17.95 Dec. 16/88
Dalhousie strike ends
HALIFAX(CUP)—Spanish professor John Kirk calculates that each of Dalhousie University's 10,000
students is owed $150.
The 700-member faculty association—which
walked-out Nov.4—came to a tentative agreement
Nov.21.
Now Kirk is urging students to write to the
university's president, requesting $150—the
amount he calculates they're owed due to loss of
course time.
The faculty union and the administration
agreed that the academic year will be lengthened
because of the strike.
Denis Stairs, Dalhousie's academic and research vice-president, says it is up to individual
instructors to adjust. However, professors will not be
paid to teach work missed during the strike.
"The administration refused to change the term
and the exam schedule," said faculty spokesperson
Carolyn Savoy. "You can't expect to double the workload for students in the next two weeks—they would
have nervous breakdowns."
Dalhousie student council president Juanita
Montalvo
said making
up lost class
time will be
hard on students. She
said 40 per
cent have
part-time jobs and now face heavier workloads.
The union is recommending that its members
ratify the tentative contract this week.
President David Williams wouldn't release details until after the vote, but said women's salaries
will be increased to parity with their male counterparts and younger members will receive large pay
increases.
The agreement includes an across-the-board
salary hike, but there is no cost of living clause.
Book burned at U of T
TORONTCKCUP)—For sale: one book. Slightly
burnt.
Don't be surprised ifyou see an ad to that effect
somewhere soon, after an unidentified pyromaniac
slipped into the University of Toronto bookstore
Nov.17 and torched a copy of Salman Rushdie's The
Satanic Verses.
Bookstore employee Nicholas Pashley was the
first to notice something was amiss.
"Two or three of my colleagues and I started
sniffing around," he said. "There was a smell of
butane in the air."
The book was discovered smouldering on a pile of
books in an alcove, where someone had brought it
from a main display area.
Michael Jackel, a bookstore manager, said The
Satanic Verses may have been targeted for what
some have called its unflattering portrait ofthe Muslim prophet Mohammed. The book has been banned
in India and South Africa.
McGill rag banned
MONTREAL(CUP)—The engineering students'
newspaper at McGill University was closed down by
the dean of engineering Nov.17.
This month's Plumber's Pot "was the straw
that broke the camel's back," said Pierre Belanger.
"There have been scurrilous issues in the past and
we go over it with the editors. They say it won't
happen
again, but it
happened
again."
Belanger's
ban stipulates that
the paper
cannot be published until at least next May.
The issue's theme is "battle of the sexes." It
features articles such as "The top ten reasons why
women advance faster than men in the work force."
Pot editors said they were surprised by the
controversy. "The Pot is a satirical and humorous
paper," said Ritu Varma, the newspaper's only female editor. "It is not supposed to be taken seriously,
but people who complain about it being sexist don't
realize this. It's like comparing the Benny Hill show
to the Globe and Mail."
At the University of Toronto last week, 611 ofthe
827 engineering students who voted decided to let
their paper, the Toike Oike, live without any changes
in structure or content.
There were 2,500 eligible voters. The referendum determining the fate of the newspaper was
called after U of T president George Connell expressed "disappointment and disgust" over the content of the October 10 issue.
continued from page 12
objective questions, without suggestive language. By using party
rhetoric, Johnston says he will be
able to tell which ofthe manipulatory initiatives the parties use
have an effect.
"The parties do their own
market testing, and have become
very sophisticated, so that when a
politician is on the podium, the
campaign organizers are sure
that what he says will get the
appropriate response," says
Johnston.
Once the campaign people
have decided what works, they
push it as hard as they can,
Johnston says. "What happened to
the Liberals, was that they just
ran out of money. The Tories spent
one-quarter of the total campaign
budget on advertising in the last
week alone-that's another disturbing thing-because they had
the money, there wasn't equal
time."
"The networks can allocate
equal time, but the parties can buy
over and above that," he says. And
the Tories splurged on their campaign-enough to rival the amount
of television advertising beer companies buy in the summer. Up to
700.gross rating points can be
reserved, but the Tories used up
all their options, and bought 1000
points."
Johnston sayscampaigningis
one big advertising account. Most
parties will either get their own
agency together, or they will go to
to one of their choice. And the big
gest irony, Johnston says, is that
the NDP went to an American
agency for all their material this
year.
But Johnston says hi^ main
concern is the effect the polls and
party propaganda have on the
media.
"We will try to make the media
more aware of their own views and
how they are being manipulated,"
says Johnston, who hopes to write
a paperback aimed at journalists
with the data he collects over the
next few months.
"We hope that the stuff we
find will reach journalists so that
they have a body of findings that
they can use as a context for the
next election. Journalists suspect
they are being manipulated, but
they don't know how."
Andy Morden
U.B.C. - Commerce
Thorne Emst & Whinney Summer Student
It was fascinating. I finally got an
understanding of the procedures,
subtleties and complexities of an
audit."
Business is great at Thorne Emst & Whinney and we
are looking for bright, ambitious summer students to
share the experience.
For more information on how you can work with us,
call Bruce Pentecost at 661-3096. We will invest in
your success.
Thorne Ernst & Whinney
Chartered Accountants
Member of
Ernst & Whinney
International
4/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988 %-S^rS^^-;     0*       WW\,\7.,'    i,   ^iSiMM***-.   -
Provincial report glosses
over education access
By Gordon Clark
Canadian University Press
VANCOUVER (CUP)—A B.C.
government report on access to
post-secondary education raises a
lot of questions but has no answers, say critics of the one-year
study.
The report, titled Access to
Advanced Education and Job
Training in British Columbia, was
prepared by a government-appointed committee and presented
to Advanced Education Minister
Stan Hagen at the end ofthe
summer.
The report, released last
month, examined five major
issues: institutional capacity
and program quality; literacy and adult basic education; under-represented
groups; admissions, transfer
and articulation; and university degree programs outside the Lower Mainland
and Victoria.
Critics of the report say
it only summarizes weaknesses in the post-secondary
education system they've
been discussing for years
without offering new solutions.
"The   thing   we   liked
about it was it identified the
big problems, but it didn't
offer   solutions,   specifically,   it
didn't mention money," said Canadian Federation of Students Pacific Chair Robert Clift.
Clift said he was concerned
the document focussed too much
on the open-learning system,
where students in remote areas
watch television lectures and mail
in their assignments. He said the
system, while useful in some
cases,   shouldn't   replace   tradi
tional on-campus learning.
"It comes up again and again
in the report," Clift said.
"Certainly open learning has
some advantages. But distance
learning has a 50 percent drop-out
rate and 25 percent of students
don't hand in their first assignments. It clearly shows it's not for
everyone," he said. "Nevertheless,
the government seems to be pushing it."
Barry Jones, New Democrat
advanced education critic, echoed
Clift's concerns.
DAN ANDREWS PHOTO
"I have a fear that what is a
valuable tool in the interim will
become part ofthe system," Jones
said. "They should not be seen as
an alternative to traditional face-
to-face teaching methods."
The report also didn't answer
the big question in post-secondary
circles—where in the province
Victoria will fund a new degree-
granting institution. Both Prince
George and Kelowna have bid for
new institutions.
Clift said it's clear the government has a lot of pressure to fund
a new facility, but he said he was
concerned about the government's
funding of existing institutions.
Jones was equally worried: "I
guess one of my concerns is it
doesn't address the issue of quality of existing programs."
He said existing facilities are
underfunded and need new equipment, adding the government
would have a difficult job juggling
funds for new programs with renewed support for existing
ones.
Both Jones and Clift said
the document should have
addressed the issue of getting more women into advanced education, adding
funds are needed to support
day-care facilities on campuses so women with children can go to school.
Jones said the Social
Credit government had a
"dismal" record for education funding during the
1980s when it practised economic restraint. He said the
government enjoyed a $129
million budget surplus during the first six months of
1988 and could afford to
fund education.
"They recognize post-secondary education has been treated
badly and they have to do something about it."
Sheila Munro, an advanced
education ministry official, said
Hagen will announce in the new
year where new funding will be
spent. Both Jones and Clift said
they were taking a wait-and-see
attitude.
"That's all we can do at this
point," said Clift.
University Golf Club
West Coast's Best
Driving Range Facility
-i PRICE
Special: on the purchase of
the first range token for
any UBC student.
PLUS: Free Nachos with
the purchase of a
second range token.
(Must show student card)
Open 8 am to 10 pm daily
* Covered tees and lights • pitching greens
• 100 compression golf balls • grass tees and
bunker • swing lessons with CPGA pros
University Golf Club
B.C.'s Finest Public Golf & Country Club
5185 University Blvd. /0S%>        Phone 224-1818
n
i
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L
on the purchase of the first
range token
Present this coupon and your UBC Student Card. Offer
expires January 1,1989. Limit one coupon per token.
University Golf Club
FREE
PLUS: free Nachos at the Thunderbird Bar & Grill
with a purchase of a second token at regular price.
Proof of purchase, UBC student card and this coupon
must be presented. Offer expires Jan. 1,1989.
University Golf Club
1
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Cosmetics        Fashion
Hair Design Wedding Gowns Swimwear
Frank Choi Graphic / illustration
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Thursday, Dec. 22,1988   8:30 pm
86 Street Music Hall    Tickets: $10.00
Tickets available at:
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BM CHAN HAIR STUDIO 2546 Kingsway 437-3109
JAVAN FASHION BOUTIQUE 2228 E. Hastings Street 253-8818
LOW PRICE AUTO SALES & SERVICE LTD. 3810 Main Str. 875-0077
ELEGANT BOOK STORE LTD. 229 Keefer Street 662-7696
  FORERUNNERS
forerunners    UBC'sSports Shoe Headquarters
RUN ALL
Air Pegasus for Men and Women
The NIKE Air Pegasus is the fourth generation of
the world's best-selling running shoe. Lace up a
A    I    R        pair, and you'll know why.
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November 29,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 SPORTS
Puckster 'Birds eye first PP"^*^
mW ^"%
By Laurie McGuiness
UBC varsity hockey team
split a pair of games this weekend
in Saskatoon, beating the University of Saskatchewan 4-3 on Friday before losing the rematch
Saturday 5-4.
Friday's game was not as close
as the score indicated as UBC led
4-0 at one point, but the Huskies
made it appear close by scoring
their final goal in the last ten seconds on a power-play resulting
from an illegal stick measurement.
Saturday's   game   featured
power-plays by both squads as
UBC went 4 for 9 with the man
advantage while Saskatchewan
was 3 for 8.
Keith Abbott scored his fiftieth career goal in the losing effort.
Only four of the Canada west
teams are playing this weekend
creating a situation where UBC
could vault into first place with a
pair of victories over Brandon—
providing Manitoba and Alberta
split their weekend series.
The 'Birds host Brandon for a
pair of games this weekend at the
Thunderbird arena, where action
starts both nights at 7:30 p.m.
There is no admission charge for
students.
CIAU HOCKEY STANDINGS
HOLIDAY BREAK
W  L  T
PTS
Calgary
9   3   0
18
Alberta
8   4   0
16
Manitoba
7   3   2
16
UBC
7   4   1
15
Saskatchewan
7   5   0
14
Brandon
3   8   1
7
Regina
2   8   2
6
Lethbridge
2 10   0
4
to.
»S*|t3W* #■-
UBC drives past Australian Aborigines.
'Birds volley on
z
UBC Volleyball players faced
tough opposition from the Dinos of
Calgary at War Memorial Gym
last weekend, with only the
women pulling offa single victory.
The Dinos, top-ranked team
in the nation, won both men's
matches 3-2.
The crowd was treated to
some of the best volleyball in
North America with close play and
lots of rallying. Calgary won the
Friday night match 15-12, 13-15,
15-17,15-11, and 15-7. Saturday's
match was just as close as the five
games dragged on almost until
Sunday before Calgary won 14-16,
15-4, 12-15, 15-5, 15-13.
The women were more fortunate, splitting the weekend series
with the Calgarians.
The female volleybirds lost
the opening night match 3-2. The
return engagement on Saturday
was a reversal with UBC winning
by the same 3-2 score.
Sarah digs volleyball.
STEVE CHAN PHOTO
km***-*********.
Williscroft thwarts Dino spike.
STEVE CHAN PHOTO
~<^_
_5 STUEMFIE
TRHhalC
0UER
VCkJR LIFE?
__R0PU1
FDR
THERRPY FT~
UBC
Student Union
Main & Lower
Concourse
Bldg    (foajjipL^P
Attention to all Students
DINO
HAIR DESIGN
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This special applys to
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6/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988 SPORTS
■ Birds split with Dinos
By Joe Altwasser
The Thunderbirds found
more than the prairie weather cold
0 this weekend, leaving below zero
cowtown with a 0-4 record. The
Basketbirds lost Friday night 84-
62 and the rematch Saturday 77-
65.
Once again the T-Birds'
shooting was suspect as they
managed only 37 percent from the
field.
Women's coach Bev Smith
says the team got off to a bad start
on Friday when they came out flat,
something "you can't do against
them," said Smith.
"Calgary is a very good team
both inside and out, and the result
was they bie w us out by 22 poi nts,"
said Smith.
Saturday the 'Birds made
some "defensive adjustments" to
attempt to contain the red hot
Calgary women, and resulted in
reducing the victory margin to 12
points.
Tessa Velg earned coach
Smith's praise for her steady play,
leading the 'Birds with 35 points
over the weekend, including a
team leading 17 on Friday night.
Raj Johal was UBC's top scorer
Saturday with 19.
The Basketbirds travel to
Saskatoon next weekend to play
the University of Saskatchewan
hoopsters before starting their
holiday break.
UBC men left the oil patch
gushing after a series split with
the highly touted Calgary Dinos.
Friday night the 'Birds upset
the Dinos 79-70 in a close match.
Acting coach John Ritchie said the
key to the T-Birds' success on Friday was the control of the boards.
"We held their big guy Venia to
only six points," said Ritchie with
a smile.
Saturday's game saw the
Dinos regain their composure, in a
102-82 slaughter ofthe 'Birds. But
Ritchie was not displeased with
the TBirds' performance and said,
"We played well in the first half
and were only three points down,
but they blew us away in the second half from the three point line."
Ritchie's comments concerning the loss was that it was not as
much a result of poor UBC play as
it was of the hot shooting of the
Dinos.
"John Pease hit 7 out of 9
three pointers on us," moaned
Ritchie. "This forced us to move
out on him which opened up defensive problems inside."
In closing, Ritchie said that he
was not satisfied with the loss, but
with the tough competition this
year any victory on the road is a
bonus.
The Thunderbirds travel to
Saskatoon for their last match
before the holiday break. The men
also travel to Toronto to play in the
annual York invitational over the
holidays.
_.•-•**& «-_^^<l__^^_«*       . .-* *>-. visAl
•^sm^^^mTM
yi-^^Mt^^MM^-J^i^mm^*^^.
aham Fell (#75) races for the finish.
Children's Cfms+mas Party
Saturday, December 10
12:00 to 2:30pm
Graduate Student Centre Ballroom
Featuring Santa &
I^U.      Other Entertainment
^ \^tLj Snacks will be served
\J <r      $5.00 per family
To Register Your Children Call
The Graduate Student Office
At 228-3202 Before December 1, 1988
£*$£''
Hong Kong
Chinese Foods
5732 University Blvd.
Lunch Specials (combination)
$3.45
MSG FREE
Licensed • Self Service
224-1313
Teresa Debou drives for two Monday, against Aussies.
PETER H/K0N
AND
TONY WL50N
PERFORMING N THE
FIRESIDE LCMNCE
WEDNESDAY
NOVEMBER 30
AT 6:30 PM
Peter Throw's cowpositicvis fave
been used bw trie National film
Board and the CDC. His next
albi/Wi will be released tfis Fal,
He fas been featwed to festivals
and   concerts   across  Nortfi
jAmerica
By Joe Altwasser and Linda Diano
The Canadian national cross
country championships held at
UBC this weekend went off without a hitch. And although it was
not a CIAU event, the meet attracted university athletes from
across Canada.
UBC athletes were well represented. In the senior men's race
Olympic team member and MBA
student Graham Fell finished second to John Halvorsen, a Norwegian studying at the University of
Ottawa. Fell's second place finish
puts him on the national team for
the 1989 world championships in
Stavenger, Norway.
Al Klassen was UBC's second
finisher, coming in a respectable
25th.
Rounding out the UBC team
were Larry Nightingale taking
33rd spot, Mike Moon 47th, Christen Audet 57th, Brian Klassen
66th, Tim Ziegler 68th, and John
Newland 71st.
The senior women's race was
won by Lucy Smith of Dalhousie.
The previously unheard of athlete
stole the lead in the last three
kilometres and never relinquished
it, despite a last minute charge
from Seoul finalist Debbie Bowker
of Victoria, who took second. Jill
Purola of Toronto was third.
The top UBC finisher was
Teresa Rind, who placed 26th.
The course was set out over a
two kilometre loop with the men
running 12 kilometres and the
women five kilometres.
COPY RIGHT
EXAM PERIOD HOURS
Friday Dec 2 ■
■8:00am-4:30pm
Saturday Dec 3 ■
-11:00am - 5:00pm
Sunday Dec 4 1
 12 noon - 4:00pm
December 5-17   ^
Monday - Friday 1
 8:30am - 8:00pm
Saturday"
• 11:00am-5:00pm
Sunday— 1
 5 Closed
Mon Dec 19 - Wed Dec 21-j
 8:30am - 6:00pm
Dec 22 to Jan 2 Inclusive -1
 Closed
3f(£  Happy Holidays
Runners jumping bails of hay in Cross country Championship
stivery on slot K items)
Kenny
OYE SPORTSWEAR & DESIGN
* SPORTS JACKETS   $25.00 ea
' NYLON SHELLS      $19.50 ea
* POLO SHIRTS      $17.00 ea
* BASEBALL CAPS       $6.50 ea
PRICE INCLUDES: Direct Swiss Embroidery onto
garments   or   accessories,    with    faculty/staff   or
department/club names       layout & set up   .   name
bars _ chenille crests by quotation
(Based on 25 pieces)
WE DO CUSTOM
FACULTY KNITTED SWEATERS
Call: (Ask for Kenneth) 876-0828
- Mon-Thurs  10 am to 5 pm -
CHRISTMAS
CRAFT
FAIR
November 21st
to
December 2nd
SUB Main Concourse
November 29,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 Discover the
Competition
SAT-SUN
11-6
p===i-^ low low prices
PIM^ free services
PIU¥ binding
Merchant fails to deliver
North Vancouver's FTS production takes risks
UNIVERSITY VILLAGE 2ND FLOOR 21 74 W  PAR
BUSINESS PH. D. PROGRAM
UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA
Prof. John Brown,
will be at UBC to discuss the Business
Ph. D. at the University of Alberta
Majors: Accounting, Finance, Marketing,
Indus. Relations, Organizational Analysis.
December 1,1988 •   12:30-2:30 pm
Rm. 308, Henry Angus Bldg.
by Kathy Chung
The lights are still down,
but suddenly laughter can
be heard in the theatre. Two
giggling girls breeze through the
lovely set of marble columns,
arches and ramps. The laughter
is infectious and before the play
has really begun, the audience is
already chuckling to itself.
Citizens of Elizabethan Venice
emerge and soon the stage is
filled with gay and lively people
rushing through the city.
Around The Corner. Bang. Christmas,
Santa. Sleighbells.   0
Bankruptcy.
Need a Quality But Inexpensive Gift For That
Friend Who Always Buys You Coffee When
You're Broke?
Graduate Student Society
Sweatshirts
$15.00
Blue or Grey
228-3203
Buy One For Santa. He'll Appreciate The
Warmth On A Rainy January Evening.
THEATRE
The Merchant of Venice
FTS, Presentation House
Until December 3
The spirited prologue to The
Merchant of Venice embodies the
festive tone the actors manage to
forge so well, - but the frivolity
may have gotten to their heads
and made the thespians forget
that behind every smile there is
a tear.
FTS gives a traditional production of Merchant with period
costumes, and a classic set with
some effective lighting. But one
senses that the company's
stronger suit is the production of
comedy rather than bringing out
the more mirthful aspect of tragedy.
Deborah McKay as Portia
does well in her cocky impersonations of numerous suitors.
Michael North's Gratiano is
witty and charming, while Bill
Miner and Mark Wiersma are
simply hilarious as Morocco and
Arragon. Dave Wallace's Launce-
lot is a wonderfully proper wit
and knave, and Andrea Rankin
is very good as Old Gobbo,
Launcelot's father.
The major problem in the
production is with the central
characters. Antonio, Portia's
rival for Bassiano's devotion, is
played with too much severity
and detachment. Donald Robinson seems to have taken com-
A fairly recent photo of reclusive
playwright Shakespeare
pletely to heart the professed
sadness of the character. Portia
is also amazingly cold and
unexpressive as a romantic and
strong woman. Gary Chappell
has just the right touch of the
youthful prodigal in his Bas-
sanio, Portia's favoured suitor,
but it takes a while for him to
warm up to his character.
Antonio, Portia and Shylock
make a very sombre trio. Each
character speaks with a monotone at an unvarying pace.
What is missing in the serious
and tragic scenes is a sense of
passion and intensity. The
actors seem uncomfortable with
their parts, lacking the free, easy
sense of speech which comes
with confidence.
Director Don William makes
some unusual staging choices.
Many speeches are performed
with the characters facing away
from the audience. Also, characters often speak to each other
without looking at each others'
eyes. The audience is unable to
detect any real response or sign of
communication which helps to
reveal character.
FTS gives a
traditional
production of
Merchant
The performances improve
in the second half of the play.
Chappell's Bassanio really comes
to life during the comic scenes
where he chooses the correct casket and wins Portia's hand.
There is a lovely moonlit interlude between Jessica, Shylock's
daughter, and her Christian
husband, Lorenzo, played by
Sherry Toreson and Stephen
Fanning. This scene moves with
a bitter-sweat tenderness.
Shakespeare is rarely performed in Vancouver and every
production gives us a fresh interpretation of his work. The FTS
production has its flaws but also
its bright moments. At half the
price of a Playhouse production,
it is well worth a visit to Presentation House in North Vancouver.
AT 33% OFF,
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8/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988 $mm$
To their
game ...
Field Hockey
- Gail Wilson's Hockey Birds took the
silver medal at the CIAU Championship at
McGill University
Rugby
- The always tough rugby team pummels a Seattle club team earlier in Novem-
Soccer (women's)
- The Women's Soccer team staked a
claim on a silver in the Canada west losing
out to Alberta by one point.
November 29,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 * Vs
What about the
morning after?
The New York Sunday Times ran a
story about free trade this weekend. The
United States and Canada enjoy "an unusual and genuine intimacy," but it is
overshadowed with a "lingering sense of
mistrust and sneakiness on both sides."
Under free trade Canadians and
Americans will be groping in the dark--
perhaps a titillating experience, as the
economists' wet dream of a free market
economy grabs them from behind and
surprises both parties.
But the simple fact remains-Americans do not understand us. They never
have. Why do we think that after two
hundred years of ignorance the United
States will look up North and say, "Hey,
look at that neat place-let's appreciate
them, and let them stay the same. We'll
just watch and spend money. All we'll take
is pictures."
That's what they said about Yellowstone National Park—a haven of true unspoiled wildness, complete with salt and
pepper giftiques.
And as we fondle the lump of change in
our front pockets, we may hunger for more.
Something bigger, more satisfying-bills,
and lots of 'em. And Brian Mulroney can
tell you, greed speaks loudly.
But one thing remains—the risk. And as
a country of puritans, cloistered in our colonial habit, we will not like change. We
will feel sullied in the end.
Whether free trade proves to be our rite
ofpassage, coming of age, orjust an uncomfortable and messy intrusion remains to be
seen. So maybe we, as a nation, should sit
down on the front stoop and usher in the
new era with a sigh and a cigarette, while
it still has a "te" at the end.
theUbyssey
November 29, 1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays
throughout the academic year bytheAlmaMaterSociety
of the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those ofthe
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud support of the Alumni
Association. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian
University Press. The editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe
Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
Barb Wilson got to go first because it was agreeed upon that she was
a goddess even if we were all atheists. Ted Aussem showed us the
neat trick he could do with a crisp $50 bill, which made him a
celebrity of sorts. Alex Johnson wailed in dismay at something Ted
refused to describe in any detail. Inmate Katherine Monk once again
evaded the long arm (not to mention...) of Robert Groberman.
Deanne Fisher was intent on enlarging David's anatomy, sure that
this would bring in new staffers likegangbusters. Olivia Zanger had
greasy, if slightly soft, hands the whole evening long. Joe Altwasser
disappeared and then reappeared just as he was about to get blasted
for disappearing in the firstplace, and then picked a back molar. No,
no... it was a front incisor, and he was able to remove a soggy taco chip
in the delicate operation. We were all SO relieved. Greg Davis just
disappeared. Jennifer Lyall just got blasted. What else is new?
Chung Wong...T-0-N-G-U-E. You figure it out. Mandel Ngan
grunted, snorted, barked, scratched—basic lumpophobe behavior.
Steve Chan was the eternal Nice Guy, prompting Ilona Biro to
nominate him for The Nice Guy ofthe Week Award, which consisted
of a phone call from Gordon Clarke to his Mom telling her what a
Nice Guy we all thought Steve was. "Da Bumm! *E's no suna myn!"
was the only quote we could get from the woman overcome with
emotion. Ernest Stelzer suggested a really gross way to mix drinks
which proved to one and all that soon he would fit in just fine.
news:
entertainment:
city desk:
photography:
Deanne Fisher
Robert Groberman
Katherine Monk
Mandel Ngan
Letters
No favors for
Natives
Your article "Natives
Face Heavy Bias" is itself
very biased, as there are
several matters that you
aren't considering.
First of all, to give separate education to native
Indians would in many
places prove to be disastrous. The student of traditional ways and values may
be important, but this would
serve to take time away
from more accepted studies,
as well as reducing options.
Secondly, it seems to
me that the goal behind a
second language needs to be
defined. I believe that a second language is needed so
the people may effectively
communicate with more
people. Many Indian villages have languages which
aren't even spoken an hour's
travel downriver.
I would also like to ask
how "...textbooks and materials with racial bias in the
classrooms..." are biases.
The material studied currently is a reflection of our
society and doesn't say or
imply in any ways that I
know of that other cultures
are inferior. Does anyone in
the faculty of education disagree with me?
The question of
whether the culture should
be preserved should also be
asked. We have made little
if any effort to keep the
Elizabethan and Meso-
potamian cultures alive,
why should the culture of
the British Columbian Indian be preserved?
Lastly, the "social problem" ofthe Indians is indeed
aproblem. The Indians have
recently been exposed to
extreme culture shock: from
the hunter/gatherer age
straight into the atomic age.
To have the problem disappear we must either completely absorb them into the
present-day society or completely lock them out. The
absorption is nowhere near
complete,  and a separate
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which Is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist, or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
schooling system would
make the fence that is being
walked higher and harder to
jump off.
I realize that what I
have stated may not apply to
all places and situations,
but it is very applicable to
many communities.
Michael Doll
Engineering 1
Religious war
rages
Perhaps because he is
unfamiliar with the literary
conceits of Enlightenment
reformers, Joe Devoy misreads John Locke's sly remark that toleration is the
"chief characteristic mark of
the true church" at face
value and so misses Locke's
ironic intent. Locke gives a
peculiar meaning to the
ambiguous word "true," for
he does not mean "historically actual" but "ideal"
only.
In speaking of the true
church, Locke was not describing historically, but
chiding morally. Joe Devoy
is not the first to confuse
description with prescription. Locke resembles modern socialists who contrast
ideal "true socialism" with
failed, actual socialist regimes.
In Locke's "letter Concerning Toleration," the
twin appeals are to human
fallibility and the need for
civil peace. These appeals
sound attractive and modern to us, precisely because
they are secular, not scriptural.
Living in a century of
religious wars, Locke knew
really there was NO "mutual toleration of Christians
in their different professions of religion." His irony
is immense and resembles
that of Voltaire in "Candide"
and Montes-quieu's "The
Persian Letters."
The prosecution prevails.
Greg Lanning
Law 2
T. A. Union
blasted for
donations
On November 24, the
TA. Union (CUPE Local
2278) voted to donate $100
to the new abortion clinic. It
was also agreed to withhold
8 cents of the donation for
each opposing letter received from union members.
This is an unfortunate sidestep ofthe issue. Bylaw, the
union may vote to use their
funds (1% of each T.A.'s salary) for almost any purpose.
It is inconvenient for a referendum to be carried out
every time they make a decision, so a majority vote normally consists of the few
people who have time to
attend union meetings.
Article 6 of the collective agreement between
UBC and CUPE states:
"there shall be no discrimination, interference, restriction, or coercion practised... by reason of... non-
membership or activity in
any political, religious, or
labor organization." I fully
admit that the union is
within its legal rights in
giving this donation. However, in so doing it discriminates against me as a Christian and a paying non-
member of the union.
This union exists to negotiate our contracts; in this
regard it has a right to take
a portion of our salaries. In
my opinion it has no moral
right to spend our money in
any other way. The union
denies me a voice because I
am a non-member, and yet I
cannot and will not become
a member of an organi zation
which uses money for a purpose I abhor.
This "catch-22" situation could be so easily and
peacefully remedied! There
is sure to be at least one
person who has a reasonable objection to any particular donation. If indeed
the union wishes to welcome
all its beneficiaries as mem
bers, why not dispense with
donations completely? I
don't think this would have
an adverse affect on the
union's operations, and certainly would be a step toward reducing the tyranny
ofthe "majority."
A final word to union
representatives: you are
under a great obligation to
people when you are using
their money, even when itis
given to you by law. Please
be careful, and thoughtful.
Stephanie Isbell
Graduate, Chemistry
Kurt wracked
with self-doubt
The savage personal
abuse prompted by my piece
on sex-role behavior in the
Pit left me a little sad,
though hardly surprized.
Honesty about interpersonal relationships is
threatening to some people.
I will briefly reply to
charges of being a misogynist, a self-proclaimed sexual guru, and a sexually
frustrated psuedo-intellec-
tual.
To the charge of misogyny I plead not guilty. I'm
deeply fond of women and
happen to regard sex and
other forms of intimacy as
life's sweetest meaning-giving joy.
To the charge of being a
self-proclaimed sexual guru
I can only reply that all sexual gurus are self-proclaimed and have a healthy
obsession with sex as their
main qualification.
The charge of being a
sexually frustrated psuedo-
intellectual does sting a
little. Yes, I've had periods
of sexual frustration and
doubts about my intelligence, but on the whole life
has been kind to me on both
counts.
I love a good discussion.
My foes are welcome to contact me through the Philosophy Department.
Kurt Preinsperg
Philosophy Grad
Student
10/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988 LETTERS
Give the axe to
social programs
for a smiling
Canada
I feel it is necessary to respond
to Scott Bramhill's letter of rhetorical crap in the November 15th
issue. Scott Bramhill asks why social programs are not mentioned
in the Free Trade Agreement?
The answer to this is that the
Mulroney government was not
prepared to negotiate until the
United States took social programs off the agenda. The article
also mentions that the Progressive Conservatives secretly yearn
to eliminate all social programs. It
is this kind of blind logic used by
Scott Bramhill that allowed Ed
Broadbent to use his medicare
scare tactics during the election.
It is true that there are some
necessary forms of social programs, such as welfare for single
mothers, but would some elimination of social programs be so bad?
It would allow the deficit to drop as
a resulispf decreased government
expenditures, allowing the tax
burden presently encountered by
Canadian citizens to diminish.
It is time the abuses of our
social programs are stopped. But I
guess the problem individuals
sharing Scotf s attitude have in
cutting some social programs is
that they plan to use them in the
future, on one of those Unemployment Insurance Commission ski
team winter packages.
Lastly, he mentions free enterprise in the same breath with
social programs. Is your idea of
free enterprise an economy under
a heavy burden of government expenditures? The whole problem
with your logic, Scott, is that you
have been reading the newspaper
too much. You should try to form
your own opinion, not adopt the
media's.
It is about time the bleeding
hearts realized the Canadian
economy is a resource base exporter, and the only difference
between the Canadian economy
and a third world economy is our
Gross National Product per capita. The free trade deal might be
the best solution to our resource
base problems.
Greg Schuler
Commerce 3
T-cup ignored
due to staff
shortage
Hats off to those of you on The
Ubyssey staff for once again making the decision to cover matters of
personal importance as opposed to
events that are of interest to many
or most ofthe student population.
I'm sure that most people are
much more interested in seeing
you degrade students you dislike
instead of having any write-up
whatsoever on the T-Cup game of
Nov. 17.
Two points. First, while you
were out taking pictures of guys in
dresses did you happen to notice
that there was a football game in
progress? If so, did you notice
anything different about the players? Did you notice that there
happened to be a lot of very interested people watching the game?
Secondly, the T-Cup game
was originally scheduled for Nov.
3 and I asked The Ubyssey staff, a
number of times, that some notice
ofthe delay be posted in the paper.
I was told that this was not very
likely. Why? Many people enjoy
watching the game. Do these
people's interests not concern The
Ubyssey staff? Whose interests do
concern you other than your own?
Oh, that's right! I was told that you
would run a story if it involved a
game between the gays and lesbians vs. the environmentalists.
Instead of jumping at an opportunity to degrade a targeted
group of people, why not cover
university events. The T-Cup
game has a thirty-five year history
at this institution and is an extremely unique event. It is not
every day that a bunch of women
put on helmets and shoulder pads
and play tackle football. You
should make some attempt to act
like a real paper even it it means
stooping to the wishes of the
masses.
Dave Christie
FNS Coach
You are what
you wear:
Santa the Red
This has gone on too long! It
has become clear that the western
media is suppressing news of the
most heinous Communist plot
ever to be unleashed on western
civilization. Yes, I am of course
speaking of Santa Claus, or "dyed
maroz" as those commies call him.
This character was developed
to undermine the entire capitalist
system of merchandise without remuneration, on the basis of those
individuals being model citizens of
their society. This attempt to subvert our traditional focus on self-
gratification as the primary goal
has had some effect already.
Unfortunately for the Bolshevik cause, overall sales were
stimulated beyond the wildest
dreams of our capitalist leaders
and they decided to preserve this
hideous creation. So, this Christmas season, do your bit to stem the
tide ofthe Communist world and
buy, buy, buy!
David Way
Science 4
Walkers
warned of
doom and gloom
I have a piece of advice for all
evening strollers and joggers:
make yourself clearly visible to
vehicles!
This past Saturday, at approximately 7:30 p.m., I witnessed
a scene near the Fairview Crescent residence which could easily
have ended in tragically. A young
man who was dressed in a dark
track suit and slowly strolling on
the road narrowly escaped being
struck by a vehicle travelling
about 50 km/h. Neither the
stroller nor the driver was solely
responsible for this near-mishap;
however, an important point was
indicated.
All evening strollers and joggers should wear light colored
clothing or, better still, reflective
arm or leg bands, in order to be
clearly visible to drivers. These
measures are simply a form of self-
preservation because, let's face it,
there is no such thing as "perfect"
drivers. Using a little common
sense can mean the difference
between life and death.
Shelley Brooks
Arts 3
BIG FALL SALE - UP TO 40% OFF
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Public Meeting:  in solidarity with the
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November 29,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 "X "-r
mm
UBC professor dissects
the Canadian voter
By Katherine Monk
The Canadian political parties
spend a lot of money trying to get
our vote, but their tactics may be
brainwashing the electorate
rather than educating them about
the issues. Researchers are trying
to find exactly how much influence their political propaganda
wields on our marshmallow
minds.
UBC political science professor Richard Johnston is in the
second stage of a three-stage,
$360,000 study measuring the
sway of electioneering and commercial polls. Other studies have
been done in this area, Johnston
says, but nothing as comprehensive or long-term as the one which
he and three fellow political scientists have undertaken with the financial help ofthe Social Sciences
and Humanities Research Council of Canada.
His team is looking at how
much time the parties bought on
television and in print, how much
air the parties received, how the
polls were aired, and where.
"Every morning during the campaign, I would devour the
Globe-looking at how much coverage the parties got, and what
kind," Johnston says.
He says the press was relatively balanced in their reporting,
but editorially there were clear
party biases. "There's no question
the Globe and Mail was pro-free
trade, while the National and the
Journal were mildly anti-deal,
with CTV-somewhat less
sophisticated-pro-deal."
Johnston's study is unique
because it includes French Canada sampling, which Johnston
says is a result of personal interests coming together with professional ones. "Everyone involved
with this project has a grandparent who was French-Canadian,"
he says over his paper-laden desk.
What most commercial polls
lack is the time to spend with the
subject, says Johnston, which
means the essence of the voter's
beliefs is only glossed over.
"We've interviewed 3600
Canadian voters, for up to 40
minutes per interview, and
stretched out over the campaign.
That means we have a complete
record of the campaign, where
everything is controlled,"
Johnston says. "We can measure
events directly-like the debate."
Johnston says the television
exchange changed the profile of
the whole election. In accordance
with what the polls said, the Liberals lept ahead after the confrontation, but they could not hang on to
the lead. And Johnston says the
simple fact that the Liberals
dragged at the end of the campaign goes against the theory of
any sort of "bandwagon effect".
The bandwagon effect refers
to the phenomenon of voters following whoever is in the lead in a
given poll.
"The evidence suggests that
there was little or no truth to a
bandwagon effect. If it were true,
the Liberals should have rolled
through. And you can't attribute
the Liberal gain to the polls
either-because the polls were
against them."
Johnston disagrees with the
European approach of blacking
out poll results ten days before an
election, because he says "nothing
has been shown-as of yet-to show
that the polls have a perverse influence on the electorate."
And censoring the polls would
also mean depriving the voters of a
chance to vote strategically. "In
this last election, in order to beat
the free trade deal, it was important for voters to know who was
ahead~and vote strategically, instead of party loyalty."
Johnston says his research
has found a way of isolating the
influence ofthe party propaganda
by including it in the survey questions. Some of the respondents
were asked questions based on
party advertising campaigns, like
"is John Turner only trying to save
his job?", while others were asked
continued on page 4
HILLEL HOUSE PRESENTS
A LATKE LUNCH!
IN HONOUR OF HANNUKAH
Featuring a talk by
Dr. Mordehai Wosk, Hillel Director
on the Jewish Festival of Lights
Thursday, December 1,12:30 pm
 Also...	
Remember the Wednesday Brown Bag Discussion Group
With Special guest, Rabbi Mordecai Feuerstein
Wednesday, Nov. 30,12:30pm
Hillel House is across from SUB and behind Brack Hall    For more information: 224-474.
THE BEST THINGS
IN LIFE ARE FREE
Staplers, paper cutters, hole punches, tape, white-out, glue
sticks, paper clips and a large, well-organized workspace.
kinko'i
the copy centre
Monday to Friday 8 a.m.-Midnight 5706 University Blvd.
Saturday 10 - 6 Telephone: (604) 222-1688
Sunday 11-6 FAX: (604) 222-0025
UBC prof Richard Johnston studies the influence of electioneering and polls on Canadian voters
presents
<?
PRINCIPLE. Of FUN 88/89
Dinner & Concert Studies
(prerequisite: The Philosophy of Fun)
Learn to have fun without guilt! Todays students
need to balance scholastic endeavors with Social pursuits. Enrol in this course by purchasing
AMS Concert tickets at Fogg n'Suds. After ademanding
practicum of dinners and parties, graduation is marked
by a diploma ceremony and photos of students having
fun appearing in the Ubyssey paper.
 Upcoming Foi AMS Events
Etmt Place Dm
HydroEleciric Streetcar Ballroom Dec 9
Regtite' At FOGG U CAMPUS • Kitsilano • Broadway - Englick Bay
12/THE UBYSSEY
November 29,1988

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