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The Ubyssey Aug 2, 1989

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THEUBYSSEY
Activists slam UBC animal research
By Kris Obertas
UBC medical researchers are
mistreating animals used in their
experiments, according to Peter
Hamilton, director ofthe Lifeforce
Foundation.
Lifeforce has launched a campaign against current opthamol-
ogy research at the Vancouver
General Hospital's Strong Laboratory, which is part of UBC's campus.
Hamilton criticized a sight-
deprivation experiment in which
at least two kittens' eyes were
sewn shut. One of the kittens is
suffering from ear canal lesions
received during improper use of
restraining devices, he said.
But researchers deny the kittens have been injured from research. "Thafs not what happened. The animal was not injured
by restraints," said Dr. J.A. Love,
UBC Co-ordinator of Animal Care.
Hamilton said he has not been
able to examine lab conditions
himself to see if they're safe for
animals. "We tried to get access to
the lab to examine the kittens but
were not allowed."
"It is a university policy that
labs aren't open to anyone who
wants to get in," said Love.
Lifeforce has collected more
than 4000 postcards from people
opposing the experiment and forwarded the cards to UBC President David Strangway along with
a letter asking Strangway to halt
the experiment.
Strangway has not been
available to comment on the experiment.
Hamilton is objecting not only
to the treatment of these kittens in
particular, but to the general policy of using animals in medical
research.
"Animal visual systems are
different than (those of) humans"
and experimental results are not
transferable to human physiology,
said Hamilton. "Researchers say
the brain cells are the same but
that isn't what they are studying.
We haven't heard any justification
of any research," he said.
But medical research on animals is beneficial to human
beings, according to Dr. Stephen
Musqueam rejoice
By Joe Altwasser
The Musqueam Indian band
can look forward to economic
growth and cultural rebirth because of their recent purchase of
the Celtic Shipyards, according to
Band Administrator Cliff
Robertson.
The shipyard launched its
first vessel—a 45-foot fishing boat
called Salish Winds—last weekend. Local dignitaries and band
members attended the boat
launching and salmon barbecue to
commemorate the shipyard's
opening.
Located at the southern en d of
Balaclava Street in Southlands,
the shipyard will provide more
than just 90 jobs and the economic
benefits which will accrue from
the jobs.
"The shipyard has the potential to restore the Musqueam
band's pride and sense of dignity
up to the pre-contact era," said
Robertson.
"Natives are very resilient.
Remember it has only been 120
years since contact with western
civilization. When you take thousands of years of culture and try to
cram it through alittle hole, which
is what has occurred, you have to
expect huge dislocation," he said.
The plan to revive the shipyard was not initiated by an Ottawa bureaucrat, but came from
within the band.
"We have always been fishermen. This is our heritage. Historically, the response of the government was to dispatch an Indian
agent with a sack of potatoes and
make farmers out of the Indians.
Now members are extremely excited, which is very encouraging,"
Robertson said.
Because the Musqueam band
has always had to fight urban
encroachment—their territory
lies within Vancouver—the band
has developed a fierce determination to preserve control of their
own destiny and way of life.
"Unlike many ofthe northern
VOLUME 8, Number 5
bands we have always been extremely restricted in our cultural
activities because of our affiliation
with urban civilization. Therefore,
the Musqueam reputation has
always been one of assertion," said
Robertson.
Dr. Owen Anderson from the
Department of Indian Affairs
praised the shipyardas amodel for
other bands.
"The Musqueam have always
been at the forefront of Indian
rights, now they are at the forefront of economic development,"
said Anderson.
The shipyard was purchased
from BC Packers, which closed the
plant down in 1988. The band paid
$3 million dollars and the federal
government kicked in another $2
million under its National Economic Development Program.
Robertson said he hopes the
economic spin-offs will justify the
federal subsidy. "This is no different than the government giving
money to corporations," he said.
Allan Okabe, General Manager of Celtic Shipyards said there
is a definite niche in the marketplace for a medium-sized shipyard.
"Other shipyards are being
closed, re-zoned, many for condos,
and we should be able to capture
some of the existing market. For
three to four years there has been
an increasing demand and a diminishing supply of shipyards and
ship repair," Okabe said.
Cliff Serwa, MLA for Okanagan South and Social Credit
representative, was pleased with
the Musqueam purchase of the
shipyard. "(The. shipyard) is related to culture, which is a very
important part of strengthening
the pride of the native and non-
native people. It will be a catalyst
for the young people and their
enthusiasm for learning," he said.
"We took something integral
away from the native life and it is
time that the non-native population realized this," said Serwa.
Drance, Head and Professor ofthe
UBC Faculty of Medicine Optha-
mology Department.
"The experiments (using kittens) by Dr. Max Cynader and his
group are not on the visual systems but on the cortical (brain)
cells of cats. Itis true that experiments on visual systems aren't
transferable but we are studying
specific behavior of cells. Very
little difference exists on the level
of receptors and neuro-transmit-
ters," said Drance.
The UBC researchers are
seeking a cure for amniopia, commonly known as lazy eye disease,
in which an individual develops
poor vision in one eye. Researchers
are examining why the brain cells
stop functioning and what makes
the cells begin functioning again
in the hope that they will be able to
re-establish complete vision in
adults. Amniopia affects four to
five  percent of Canadians and
can't be reversed once a patient
passes five or six years of age,
according to Drance.
"The chances of losing the
good eye from trauma or accident
is considerable and individuals
left with one bad eye can't do many
things available in our society,"
said Drance.
"Is it an important problem?
It is for those in that predicament.
Can (the research) be done in a
non-animal model? No. We can't
biopsy human brains and no computer models allow us to study (the
disease)," said Drance.
Hamilton said that clinical
research has been more effective
in finding cures to disease than research on animals has.
Clinical research involves the
study and treatment of naturally
occurring disease in human patients.
Love said clinical research
alone is insufficient. "Alot of use
ful results have come out of animal
research. I would doubt that many
advances would have come out of
only clinical and in vitro (test tube)
research," he said.
Both clinical and animal research are necessary, according to
Drance. But human volunteers for
research are difficult to find. If
animals are not used, then many
experiments—which may provide
information to help reduce human
misery—would not be done at all,
he said.
Hamilton said health-care
funds could be better spent on
prevention and clinical research
rather than animal research.
"(Researchers) make sweeping statements that (animal research) should help people. People
look at the stories and say they
don't want to hurt animals but
that they want to help people. We
don't want to see animals or humans suffer," he said.
The launching of the Salish Winds at Celtic Shipyards.
JOE ALTWASSER PHOTO
Vancouver, B.C. Wednesday, August 2,1989 g^fflPS 228-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines 60 cents, commercial -3 lines,
$5.00, additional lines 75 cents. (10% Discount on 25 Issues or more) Classified ads payable
In advance. Deadline 4:00 p.m.. two days before publlcalton. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van.,
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Type it yourself..simplified instructions,
spell check, and laser printer make your
work look top quality. $7.00/hr and 15?/
page. Friendly help always available.
SUB lower level, across from Tortellini's
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20 - HOUSING
QUIET FRIENDLY SHARED HOUSE for
non-smoking female $290. Phone 325-1877.
Ride available to UBC.
1 LG. BEDROOM in newly renovated home.
Half-Block from Royal Oak Sky-Train includes utilities. Available immediately.
Fully furnished. Must be seen. Ph. 436-
3055
MEET THE WORLD and be a Canadian
Host! We need a few more hosts forincoming
undergraduate and graduate international
students for 3 or 4 nights this summer.
Volunteer with International House for the
reception program. For more info-Call 228-
5021.
ON CAMPUS WORD PROCESSING
Need the professional touch? ... have it
done for you - you can even book ahead.
$27/hr., 6-8 double spaced pages of normal text per hour, laser printer. SUB
lower level, across from Tortellini's Restaurant; 228-5640.
85 - TYPING
30 - JOBS
$$$ Pick wild Mushrooms $$$
Fun and Profit Fantastic Earnings. Details
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Centre Vancouver B.C. V7X 1A6
40 - MESSAGES
PENPALS!   200,000 members —All Ages
Int. Pen Friends
Box 6261, Stn. D. Calgary AB T2P 2L8
AN INTERNATIONAL FRATERNITY,
founded in 1850, plans to become reestablished at U.B.C. This fraternity is interested in hearing from a group of undergrad
students who wish to participate in the reorganization of this fraternity. Funds and
organizational support are available. Box
1850 Ubyssey N/P or phone Murdo Mackenzie 684-3402.
PROFESSIONAL TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
work proc. & IBM Typewriter. Student
Rates. Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
WORD-PROCESSING $2.50/page
Computer-smiths  3724 W.  Broadway (at
Alma)
224-5242
PAPER PERFECT Word Processing. Essays, Theses, Scientific Work Done Quickly
on Laser Printer. Competitive Rates 736-
1517.
DEPENDABLE W/P SERVICE 888-9093
Have An expert who loves to type
make you look good.
TYPING SAME DAY service. UBC location.
224-2310. Tapes-Cassettes. Transcribed
Essays. Resumes. Papers.
PRINT FROM DISK!
AMS Office Services is now offering printing from disk service. Call 228-5640 or drop into
rm. 60, SUB, for details.
DISCOUNT FARES
TORONTO
From
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MONTREAL
From
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OTTAWA
From
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WINNIPEG
From
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EDMONTON
From
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CALGARY
From
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LONDON
From
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HAWAII
From
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From
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From
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VENTURE TRAVEL*
736-8686
myK
Wednesday August 2
1TC0GAM0RMAL
At The Arts Club (1181 Seymour)
A new addition to Ihe weekend offerings at the greatest little live band venue in the Lower Mainland (apart from
Youth Art Works in North Van) is "Beat Wednesdays" at the Arts Club, this week with Mecca Normal. This duo
of keen and conscious Vancouverites slashes their way across the political fringe. Distorted guitar and voice
maybe, distorted vision no. Just listen to "Calico Kills the Cat'. Areally reasonable three dollars atthe door. Nine
o'clock curtain.
Thursday August 3
BRUNO GERUSSIS MEDALLION
At The Town Pump (66 Water)
OK, so they're now WEA recording artists and they are the darlings of CFOX. So what? Aside from their vinyl
producTln Search of the Fourth Chord", Bruno Gerussfs Medallion'sprobably the most endearing band live, since
you can ignoretheirmusic and just stand in awe of this wonderfully plump, down-to-earth bunch of old men playing
rock stars. But don't go tonight 'cause the door's outrageous: six bucks. Instead, listen to local guitarists Mary
perform live at 11 PM on CiTR.
Friday August 4 and Saturday August 5
ELLEN WC1WAINE
At The Town Pump (66 Water)
If slide guitars in the blues vein are your thing, Ms Mcllwaine is a must-see. Quite possibly one of the best blues
guitarists in the entire world. Six dollars on Friday, seven bucks on Saturday. Not cheap but worth it for an out
of town artist
iiiiiiiii-iiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiii
• Homecooked Meals
Appetizers, Salads
• Quiche, Pies
Cheesecakes & Muffins
UBC Village  •  224-5615
2134 W. Parkway
FREE GUIDED CAMPUS TOURS
Bring your friends, visitors, community, school or civic group to UBC
for a walking tour ofthe campus. Drop-ins welcome every Monday
through Friday at 10 a.m. and 1 p.m.; 3 p.m. weekdays and weekend
times available by reservation only. Groups will have the opportunity
to see and learn about everything from the unique Sedgewick
underground library to the Rose Garden and more. Tours
commence at SUB and last approximately 2 hours in the
morning and 1 1/2 hours in the afternoon. To book, call the
Community Relations Office at 228-3131.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
==r===i» low low prices
i=?=^i^ free services
pIU¥ laser printing
UNIVERSITY VILLAGE 2ND FLOOR 2174 W. PARKWAY, VANCOUVER, B.C. PHONE (604) 224-6225
&L%
%SF
SUMMER SEENE
Vol 18 No. 5
Hello and welcome to Summer Session '89
Summer Session
Association
The Summer Session Association is the student organization of
Summer Session; if you have any problems, concerns or
suggestions, please drop by our office - SUB 210. We are
there Monday - Friday, 10a.m. to 3 p.m. Phone 228-6185.
SUMMER SOUNDS
FREE, noon-hour concerts. Bring your lunch
and a friend. At SUB Plaza.
Wednesday August 2 -
Thursday, August 3
Friday, August 4
Tuesday, August 8
Wednesday, August 9-
Gary Keenan Jazz Quartet
Schoen Duo
The Crows
Jazz Trios
The Brass Men
MUSIC FOR A
SUMMERS EVENING:
FREE, Music Building Recital Hall, 8:00 p.m.
Thursday, August 3     -     Purcell String Quartet
Music of Schubert, Dvorak
and Shostakovich
Thursday, August 10
Viola and Piano duos:
Music of de Falla to 20th Century
SUMMER SCREEN
All films are FREE to everyone! 7:30 p.m., Coming
soon to Woodward IRC Lecture Hall #2!
Wednesday, Aug 2: Three Fugitives
Martin Short and Nick Nolte star in this farcical
movie about incompetent crooks. A great silly
summer movie!
Friday, August 4: Good Morning, Vietnam
Robin Williams in a classic performance as a rock
'n' roll DJ in Vietnam.
Wednesday August 9: Cocoon: The Return
The excellent sequel to one ofthe 80's most enjoyable films features the original cast returning to
Earth on an important rescue mission.
Friday, August 11: A Fish Called Wanda
A comic classic! John Cleese and Kevin Kline give
marvellous performances in this manic movie
about incompetent, and slightly crazy, jewel
thieves!
SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT
The Annual General Meeting of the Summer Session Association will be held at 12:30pm in Room 210, SUB on Wednesday, August 9. Anyone interested in SSA activities is encouraged to attend.
-*"-
i
2/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 2, 1989 NEWS
->*
m- S.
Picasso Cafe trains street youth
by Laura J. May
Until last February, social
workers in Vancouver were frustrated because they couldn't do
much to help street youth.
Employers wouldn't hire
them, and existing social programs didn't address their needs.
"No one would give them a
chance (to work) but I had nothing
to offer them. I often thought I was
just setting them up (for failure)
with the existing (job training and
social service) programs which
were not designed with the needs
of street youth in mind," said
David Dranchuk, a former street
worker for the Anglican church.
Three years ago, Dranchuk
and other social workers decided
to start a job training program
specifically for street youth. They
consulted street youth, who said
they'd need wages to pay basic
living expenses during training.
In March, Dranchuk opened a
restaurant to train students to
become chefs or waiters—the Picasso Cafe at 1626 West Broadway
(between Fir St. and Pine St.), a
few kilometres from UBC.
Cafe students learn not only
how to cook and how to serve customers, but also general skills
necessary for work—to get up
early and be on time—skills which
they didn't learn on the street.
On February 13, the Picasso
Cafe began training its first street
youth how to cook and how to run
a restaurant.
The cafe follows the curriculum used at Vancouver Vocational
Institute's chef and waiter training programs. Picasso Cafe graduates receive certificates equivalent to a WI certificate.
Picasso Cafe's graduates
should find their training more
relevant to restaurant work in the
"real world" than WI or BCIT
graduates do, according to Nathan
Hyam, chef instructor at Picasso
Cafe.
At BCIT, students don't learn
how to reduce waste or meet a
tight budget as effectively as Picasso Cafe students do, he said.
With BCITs "endless budget, they
can sell a meal for $5 even if it costs
them $6."
And Picasso Cafe students
make everything from scratch—
soups, pastries, desserts—except
bread, because they don't have the
space to make it.
The varied dishes on the
menu will enable graduates to
become chefs at hotels or restaurants, not just hospitals, where
many BCIT graduates find jobs, he
said.
The lunch menu includes
basics, like a cream cheese and
tomato sandwich, a black forest
ham and cheese sandwich, as well
as more exotic dishes, like camem-
bert chaud and a cajun crab sandwich, with prices ranging from
$2.50 to $5.75. The dinner menu
includes BC salmon, crab can-
nelonni, southwestern chicken,
and daily specials, with entree
prices ranging from $8.95 to
$17.95.
Although the demand for such
a program was great—50 people
referred by social workers are on
waiting lists to get into Picasso
Cafe's training program—it was
difficult to raise money to start the
program, Dranchuk said. He
needed at least $200,000 to buy a
restaurant, renovate it, buy textbooks and equipment, and so
forth.
"You can generate all kinds of
good will and sympathy if you're
dealing with crippled children and
oil-covered seals, but when you're
dealing with street youth, (it's
more difficult to generate sympathy). People tend to think (street
youth) are having lots of fun—they
can leave anytime they want—so
why the hell should we care?" he
said.
Churches   and   individuals
have donated generously, he
said. The Anglican, United, and
Catholic churches have been
"very, very supportive," and so
have the employees of corporations^—notably the employees of
BC Tel—but not the big corporations themselves, he said.
But the provincial government "only took us seriously
when we had raised $130,000
from individuals and churches,"
he said. Then the provincial
government donated $57,600
from the Employment Initiatives Program. "Nobody (in the government)
seemed to be against (starting a
training program for street
youth). But no one thought it was
their responsibility," said Glenn
Drover, UBC Professor of Social
Work and member of Picasso
Cafe's Board of Directors.
It's too soon to tell if Picasso
Cafe's training program is successful—if graduates find and
keep jobs which keep them off
Vancouver's streets. No one has
graduated yet, but a few from the
waiter's training program are
scheduled to graduate in August.
But Dranchuk said he has
talked to managers of hotel restaurants—such as the Pan Pacific and Hotel Vancouver—who
are eager to hire Picasso Cafe's
graduates.
And Lynn Croghan, who
teaches the student waiters, said
she plans to keep in touch with
the program's graduates to see
how they're doing.
"I just don't intend to lose
contact with any of them because
I've grown attached to them,"
she said.
Also, she wants them to tell
her if she was teaching them
what they need to know as waiters. "I want to know what the
industry is looking for so they'll
have jobs wherever they want."
Young Greens protest
McDonald's containers
McDonald's isn't a good
time or a great place to be for
the Young Green Party.
A protest outside a
McDonald's Kerrisdale location on Monday was sparked
following charges by the the
Young Greens that
McDonald's has failed to stop
using ozone-damaging food
containers.
"On August 6th, 1987,
McDonald's promised to stop
producing ozone-damaging
containers in eighteen
months. They have broken
that promise. How we treat
the ozone layer now will determine the totality of life on
this planet for millions of
years to come," said Young
Green Party spokesperson
Stuart Parker.
The containers are made
with chlorofluorocarbons
(CFC's), which scientists say
are destroying the earth's
ozone layer. The CFC con
tainers are used to keep the
food warm. But according to
the Greens, CFC's are not
the only substance which
can be used for this purpose,
only the cheapest.
McDonald's spokesperson Ron Marcoux was not
available by phone to comment on why McDonald's
continues to use the containers.
But McDonald's personnel were available to ask
protesters to leave.
"(The protest) was interesting. McDonald's was prepared, and imported someone to deal with us. They
said we were trespassing.
We asked them, vDon't you
want your customers to hear
what we have to say?'" said
Parker.
Parker said many customers did come out to hear
what the Young Greens had
to say.
Hair Styling
4384 W.IOth Ave.
'Designs by Debbie'
Shampoo, cut & finish
$15.oo _ $18.<K>
For Men & Ladies
\ 224-6434
J
Recommended in
"Where to Eat in Canada."
2505 Alma At W. Broadway
Tel • 222-2244
hapR
UBC
Student Union Building
Lower Concourse
All Ages Welcome
is for "the extra
hours you find
to lay about
on the beach
instead of
hiding in a
dark room
with a
typewriter."
ASK     US     HOW
AMS CUSTOMER OPERATED
WORD PROCESSING
SUB LOWER LEVEL
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m AM.
ti
'Reason fo 6oaj,' *9?2
AeccLOje, eimyane
eke/i&s ieen,
chin^tt^r
aears.
SUB LO
August 2,1989
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/3 LO( AI[U IN THE VIIIAGF
RED LEAF
RESTAURANT
228-0114        LICENSED PREMISES
iy:y)IS(C)LM OS PICK-UP ORDERS
il :      ;o    ''Oil I'M • si \I),\YS „ HOLIDAYS  4:00    9:00 I'M
2142 WESTERN PARKWAY UBC
PERSPECTIVE
Ijaboodles
FUN IN THE SUN
Summer Bliss...
• Neon dinosaur backpacks
• Party supplies and helium balloons
• Glow-in-the-dark dinosaur t-shirts
• The "Bug Bottle & Book" set
• Playmobil put-together sets
• Crazy pencils, erasers, lunch kits & more
for back-to-school.
O
o
O
)
Q
O
4449 W. 10th Ave.
224-5311
Open Fri. Eves till
8:30 & Sun 12-5
Kids Only Market
Granville Island
684-0066
Open 7 days/week
UBC Aquatic Centre
The Univeraity of British Columbia, 6121 University Blvd., FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL: 22S-4521
UNIVERSITY SWIMS 	
Mon to Fri 7:30 am   -      9:00 am
Mon to Fri 11:30am -      1:30 pm
MonAVecVFri       4:30 pm   -      6:00 pm"
Tues/Thurs 4:30 pm   -     5:30 pm
* Outdoor pool not available after 5:30 pm
Entire facility open to UBC Students, Staff, Faculty and
Conference Delegates. Upon presentation of 88/89
UBCLibrarycard. UBCstudentsareadmittedfreeand
UBC staff and Faculty pay $1.75. Conference
Delegates pay $1.75 upon presenting residence keys.
PUBLIC SWIMS —
Mon to Fri
Monday
Friday
Wednesday
Sat/Sun
Sat/Sun
1:45pm - 4:15pm Pool is open to all ages. Children 7 years and under
6:30 pm - 10:00 pm must be accompanied by an adult and supervised in
6:30 pm - 10:00 pm the pool (within arms reach) at all times. Fitness area
7:30 pm - 10:00 pm is open to those 16 and over for an additional charge
1:00 pm - 5:00 pm of $1:00. shirts, shorts and runners must be worn in
6:30 pm - 10:00 pm the fitness area at all times.
FAMILY SWIMS 	
Wednesday 6:30 pm   -      7:30 pm
Sunday 10.30 am -      12:45 pm
'Parents without their own children are not admitted
to this session.
Parents with their own children only. Children are
admitted free only when accompanied by their own
parents. Passesandbookticketsarenotacceptedand
the fitness area is not available.
ADULT SWIMS 	
Tues/Thurs 8:00 pm   -      12 midnight
Saturday 10:15 pm -      12 midnight
"Fitness area closes at 10pm. Sauna and steam room
remain open and co-ed tor free.
Adults only, must be 18 years old and over. Proof of
age may be requested. Fitness area open only until 10
pm for additional charge of $1.00.
FITSWIM "
Mon/Wed/Fri       9:15
Starts Monday, \um 19, 1989
Last class Friday, September 1, 1989
Adults only, must be 18 years old or over. This swim
coincides with children's lessons and rentals,
therefore, the availability of the indoor and outdoor
pools is limited. Fitness area, sauna and steam
available. Cost is $2.25 for adults. Those over 65 are
$1.25. No book tickets or passes accepted.
CO-ED FITNESS  	
Tues/Thurs 6:30pm    ■
'Starts Tuesday June 20/89
Last class Thursday, August 31/89
8:00 pm Anyone 18 years and older.   50 minutes of dry land
exercises and 30 minutes of water exercises. No book
tickets or passes accepted Cost is $2.25.
SENIOR'S SHAPE-UP
Tues/Thurs 9:30 am   -      11:25 am
"Starts Tuesday June 20/89
Last class Thursday, August 31/89
Fifty-five years and older welcome. Stretch and
Strength deck exercise class, 9:35 -10 am, followed
by water exercises to music, 10- 10:30 am, or just do
yourown thing. Restricted use of pool due to lessons
and rentals. Steam, sauna, weights are open with
limited Supervision.
FITNESS AREA (Check schedule for hours}	
The fitness area is equipped with universal/global stations, hydra-gym exercise machines, stationary bicycles,
dumbeils, wall mirrors, exercise posters, weight scale, steam rooms and saunas. All the equipment is suitable
for every level of fitness, so <Jrop by to start your fitness program or to maintain your fitness level. Fitness area
is supervised by an attendant during the University, Public and Adult swim sessions and is open to anyone 16
years and older. Cost is $1.00 extra, over and above single admission pool fee. T-shirts, shorts and runners
must be worn when using the fitness area.
ADMISSION FEES   	
Single admission
Book Ticket
.(10)
Passes: 4 Months (no Pro-rating)
Under 3 years old
#1  January 1 -April 30
admitted free
«2 May 1 -August 31
#3 September 1 - December 31
Children: 3-12
$1.25
$10.00
$30.00
Seniors:  65 and up
$1.25
$10.00
$30.00
Youth: 13-17
$1.50
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$35.00
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Adult:  18-64
$1.75
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15 visits for $12                 —
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Swim schedule and admission fees are
To use the weight room,
sauna and steam rooms
subject to
change and/or cancellation  without
during Public and Adult Swims there is an
additional
prior notice.
charge of (1.00.
China
continued front page 11
those several million, a few thousand form the hard core. Out of
these few thousand, only a few
hundred have the power to determine the policy of the party and
the destinies of more than 1 billion
Chinese people.
These few hundred have the
power to decide:
1. What kind of thinking is
acceptable or not acceptable for
the people in China.
2. What part of history or cul-
true of China should be remembered or ignored.
3. What type of news can be
broadcasted in China
4. What is best for the people
in China.
5. What knowledge and information is used to educate the
children in China.
Any educated person will see
that a few hundred people could
not possibly handle these complex
problems which determine the
destinies of a billion Chinese.
These few hundred people
consist of politicians, army generals and philosophers that survived
countless power struggles in the
China Communist Party. Because
the China Communist Party System is built on personal power and
membership is life term occupation, everyday, these people have
to be on watch, stay alert, while
also facing a power struggle with
other members. In such a political
system, no matter how generous,
how caring, how ideal and how
much one has suffered once under
the system, after acquiring power,
one is forced to become ruthless.
Ruthlessness is the price one must
pay in order to stay alive and in
power.
The leaders of the China
Communist Party have absolute
power in China, but they are also
trapped and haunted by this absolute power.
How can any uncorrupt
leader dare to suggest any real
political reform such as giving
power back to the common people,
if they always have to eliminate
their opponents to stay alive and
in power? How can they trust and
coopertate with one another, a
process demanded by any real
political reform?
Anyone in power who tries to
give power to the common people
too quickly or too apparently will
be eliminated by the system that
gives him/her that power.
The hope and dream that real
political reform will originate from
the Party in the near future is slim
indeed. Any real political reform
in the Party requires external
pressure.
In this exceptional time, Chinese overseas and all watchers
must form a unified front to put
pressure on the Communist Government of China. To speak out
against, to criticize, and to put
pressure on the government is an
exercise of democracy for the Chinese. It is not a tool to create chaos
in China. It is the only way the
government can learn and change.
Let's be very optimistic: Suppose in the future, the Government changes its course and becomes more progressive. An opposition front still has to exist because democracy only works if
there are "Check and Balance
Mechanisms" in the system at all
times. Of course, the criticism
should be constructive and there
must be room for compromises.
One ofthe major reasons that
China watchers are so patient
with this government is that they
do not want to see chaos and civil
wars break out in China that
would destroy the very ideals and
conscience of those who died and
sacrificed in Tiananmen Square.
But if the government keeps up its
repressive actions in China, and
systematically eliminates all Chinese who believe in political reform—democracy for the common
people, and rebuilding social conscience and ideals—then China
watchers will be forced to make up
their resolution.
If the government continues
to behave irrationally even when
it has been given so many chances
to change, very soon, all China
watchers will have to conclude
that there is no hope in changing
SUMMER
Sidewalk
k    SALE
P*PB»BACK*HARDCOVEB
the government: It sould be discredited and dismantled.
Everything is quiet because
most China watchers are preparing for actions and long term planning for political reform in China.
This struggle for democracy in
China has a strong foundation
because a comglomeration of
human conscience and spirit— not
just truth, reason, logic, sacrifice,
compromise and hardship—is the
driving force.
F.Wan
UBCEE
THE UBYSSEY
Politics: Political activists, thinkers, and animals are wanted for
upcoming Ubyssey features. If
your voice is not often covered in
the mainstream media, this may
be your chance for coverage. For
info call 228-2301 or come to SUB
241K
ENTERTAINMENT: The Ubyssey is looking for a new entertainment editor. For more info call
228-2301.
NEWS: The Ubyssey will be holding a workshop for investigative
news reporting. SUB 241K,
Friday at 2:00 pm.
PRODUCTION WORKSHOP:
Learn the graphic angles of a
newspaper design and how a
newspaper is made. SUB 241K
Friday at noon.
ASPIRING   JOURNALISTS:
Please contact the editorial staff
for an appointment in SUB 241K.
Phone 228-2301.
Wt^ IfHi^ fl^O^
Jun« 21tt-Auau«t tlth
aa\'^iI;:1§|^^
UBC Quartz Classic Watch
THIS WEEK'S FEATURE
Speedo & Arena Swimsuits
up to 70% oft
m
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6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
4/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 2, 1989 ENTERTAINMENT
Exhibit captures truth
* .t
'Talking pictures" provides dizzy experience
by Nadene Rehnby
"Taking Pictures" is not what
one would expect. This isn't a typical display of photographic abilities. Instead, "Taking Pictures"
provides a journey into our perception of photographic art, asking us
to realize how dependent it is on
media influence.
PHOTO
July 28 to August 27
Presentation House
"Taking Pictures"
The collections include works
by Canadian artists such as Roy
Arden, Sorel Cohen, Angela Grau-
erholz, Susan Schelle, and Howard Ursuliak. The exhibition is
guest curated by Keith Wallace.
Wallace chooses to make the
selections devoid of accompanying
descriptions. Walking through the
three rooms can easily become a
frustrating attempt to decipher
the artist's, or even the curator's,
message.
And that is precisely the idea
Wallace is exploring.
According to Wallace, we have
become a society habitualized to
these over-abundantly exposed
photographic images, presented to
us through media. We have become unable to see the picture in
and of itself.
Wallace deliberately chooses
a series of works that will "in one
sense gear down the rapid traffic
of photographed information." He
adds that in "Taking Pictures" we
may "be looking  at the  "over
looked'; a word with connotations
of either seeing too much or not
really seeing at all."
A walk through this gallery
shows how much we have become
accustomed to the influence ofthe
media. With the absence of standard text, captioning, or the original source of distribution, we are
left alone with the image. Our
discomfort with it can be used to
gauge the depth of our victimization. The discomfort intensifies
with time and exposure to the
works.
We search for definition, for
meaning. What is the artist trying
to tell us?
And then, as predicted by
Wallace, the works are "left hanging naked without the security of
words that give pictures their
meaning, and these seemingly
familiar images become strange."
Perhaps only then, after the
breaking away of media-based
associations and prejudices, do we
find the "truth" of the photographed image.
Unfortunately Wallace's predictions are all too correct.
The violent juxtaposition of
Sorel Cohen's paired images forces
the eye to move back and forth
between images until the mind is
dizzy, but Wallace claims that "by
pairing two considerably different
images, the voice of each is in turn
amplified."
Angela Grauerholz's two murals  and  twelve  accompanying
continued on page 8
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Dont't Miss the Grand Opening
8 a.m. A ugust 8, 1989.
VOLUNTEERS REQUIRED
Genital herpes treatment studies. Tests
involving potential new treatments for
genital herpes are presently being conducted.
Volunteers with recurrent genital herpes are
required for testing of these agents. The study
involves admission to hospital for 5-6 days for
the intravenous infusion of this new drug. The
study drug will be given every 8 hours for a total
of 15 doses. Volunteers may receive treatment
with the new drug or with a placebo containing
no active drug, and must be 18 years of age or
older, and definetly not pregnant. Females
should also not be susceptible to becoming
pregnant during the study because of their use of
adequate birth control, or for other reasons.
Volunteers will be provided an honourarium to
cover their expenses.
Ifyou are interested in finding out more about
participation in these studies, please call for
details 660-6704 before your next recurrence.
August 2,1989
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/5 dovm^T SSv business distric     30-strong Pac^ng each otne
not*^S^ S^3f^.demonstra*on^^^
dreams car*flo v^t t
•j#^***«.*_iS*»Sff->r<«w
ZtaS» «1» »*he-d^°-*-Shr_ earthyou totta
T, *,      «_-_t-ncilrofl
|W1MT IT IS:     m
*     The 1989 anarchist conference/festival was the fourth annual (&&<?
feathering of political, cultural and community activists from Canada, ^K ,rO .«*
i america and mexico (and some from europe) who share the anti-p^YO^A
•---- 1 cnn   r,nnn neoole attended. ftMi^t
m
some uv_. _   • *«3__*D'**»t>r-rt?v_*.*-
au«si-«*. —  _       9000 oeople attended. f^Jk^^CW^fK&'-a.
authoritarian spirit. 150C -2000 Pe0Pttingtogether annuallyfor $$&§ffl%tei>
3 North amencan anarctasts have oeen g b a^ent city. Last ^tb^n-microph
| four years now. Each year the gathering is neia m ^ y^ hreakfai
I" it- .wo- in tnronto.
^m
theatre -""*■■ smy^sM^^^jjjj,,,   -,, __ _	
I first read about mudpeople in the anarchist gathering guidebook's list of workshops: "mudpeople: a pre-verbal pre-upright
exploration to be ravished by mud to crawl, huddle, hurl, and
hobble nearly naked but for the skin of mother earth you bathed in
to fascinate onlookers  to recover something we once were..." I'm
intrigued.
The morning of the spectacle I have a hangover and have
misplaced the courage I feel I need to take part. Instead of going to
the mudperson meeting-place I head for a coffee shop. A car drives
by full of people shouting "MUDPEOPLE MUDPEOPLE
MUDPEOPLE!" Some stunted, frustrated mudperson inside of me
sends me running to the car asking, "Is there any room?"
         —MMMMMg undeTweaT,^
I   1UU1 ;caiu j.~	
j year it was in toronto.
%THE QUESTION YOU'RE ABOUT TO ASK-
g      "An anarchist conference and festival—isn't that a contradic
A terms?
V. AND THE ANSWER:
It       No. Anarchists aren't against people organizing, meeting, and
 ■„•„„ frtor_i->ier. But we're careful about how it's done. Our work
_—^<-Y._i*.,arl and free
*»*g£iB * ^JSrry. %Sote, *»*S?&^4
waiting <-"-; ^     x _
,"-l"r Someone else announces tha^h<_rearetworules—not to speak-
in any formal verbal language (i.e. english), and not to walk in your
normal upright way. And he tells us that we have a permit for this
which seems kind of crazy but it beats getting arrested...and the mud
is here and we're all in a writhing mass laughing and pouring mud
on each other. Each time someone slaps mud onto my skin or rubs it
into my hair it's like a gift. I paint someone's face, transforming her
from civilized person to mudperson and she lets out a whoop and I'm
rolling on the ground in mud, no longer scared. .   mn„o. and t
.. ■v»i=s.'.™*T.',1iStocitcl_,tap,
ments and breakfast in i
*-"-'■* ■*■ v *■•**■*-— . courtyard. In the aftern
-isn t that a contradiction in   were workshops—as n___
day squished into three t
".._.__.-j^.  Some workshops: ni'
[       No. Anarchists aren't against people oig_v1u.__„E,,    _ an anarchist perspective,
^working together. But we're careful about how it's done. Our work inwestgermany.ammall
h together is participatory, flexible, grassroots, decentralized and free nonviolence and anarcta
\\ from coercion. Anarchists use systems that prevent power from accu- ing racist states from out
J, mulating in the hands of one person or group of people, that prevent states, uprooting ration:
(»' adopted practices from becoming rules, and that leave individuals the leninists at 20 yards(hoi
i£ freedom to differ. And we are willing and able to reevaluate and change port from eastern europ
■••*$   these systems when they don't seem to be effective. song exchange....
Xj And anarchists have good reason to gather, even more Not everyone went
<g than other radical/resistance movements. Whereas socialists,    shops. Some people hung
_ commmunists, liberals, etc. advocate replacing our govern-   courtyard, making musi
£ ment/power structure with a new, different government/power   ing on the wall of derroi
i *6 structure, anarchists want to get rid ofthe government/power   contributing to daycare,
I ^structure completely. Brought together to discuss our politics, " "    ■—■----*-—
[■ a our conferences become our temporary anarchist communi-
l^ties.
I WHAT WENT ON:
i\ Most ofthe events took place in a school in the city's Mission
\ distict. A typical day began   ^=^^^^^^S^^^c!
&&%*    ^^^•;__L__^____r /Wj
iounce~& ^^^M.m^.\\\\\W /Iff M
.  „.VU™1 ty** _________________F __ /     ill .__■
Ik qisucij. i-i "jr*	
■■■Support the »?»! 0ur s«eeCS suit^^^^-^^^^_____
making I ■    l-****-^-^^~^l
ey_s. Details we never notaced_as «j£» d    ther round, taking
big round metal grate in the sidewalk^ana g ^^ {
tins hooting into it "^.^'f^^flring to climb on. Afire
Semonial object. A ruling becomes J>mettti^ ng
Wrant offers a complex ^.^easures, stubborn survivors of
through cracks in the pavement are tteasu ' ^^ ly__a street
■SSSd order;■ S««g^ ^SS^ousSnWcisco    .
bling out the sky^ monsters t      ^dton
contriDuung m ^jw ,
and doing other voluntee
no one giving orders, no o
In the evenings peoj.
drunk, hung out in the
worked on the newslette
repertory theatre in coi
••   ■■      -j- i-i_„ T*V,UQ
! school W
a there 0
as*30a^
e slots. %y
•agua— %
:uatting o
erationl?  ,
i, fight-jis
ie those <x)
spotting ^>
stly), re- jc, ^
political^-'1
r
o work- _   .
utinthec>|^v^_
or paint- ig^?vs5Vov
or paint- "2>v_*r--'«c*H/<_>_'.^ —- — —  „ „^.
acy that we built. Many people spent time tL-*_
elping with food preparation and clean up, *-*£
stuff. There were no paid staff or organizers; (K>,
s delegating or taking charge or keeping tabs. ^'
; went to hardore gigs, went to meetings, got "jy
arehouses which provided accommodation, n_^
, went to anarchist movies put on by a locaL^
unction with the gathering, explored their**-;
e Artaud, and engaged in endless debate.   qZ
t-c, ^i -
creativity at the Thea    .
ft
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6/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
-t___K-^B5^t5w*-   cta^^aie«
By LauriS
o^^exv^'^; ftf.^e^6
-   •    _*de'
covefjgb^
^*?}^
August 2,1989
August 2,1989
f     The final tally was thirty people arrested, sev-
, eral still remain in prison in Santa Rita and the
"local jail in Berkely. Caltfornia. jf-    *■■ t*-\
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/7 —4^P&L_ ^rtZL
I9-J5 CORNWALL
716-0563
ENTERTAINMENT
Book exposes mess
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Subject to availability. Some restrictions apply.
Call the BUDGET TRAVEL SPECIALISTS!
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TRAVELCUTS
ir^GoingYourWay!
By Rick Hiebert
The recent Iran-Contra scandal in the United States can often
seem confusing to foreign eyes.
Much rumour and speculation has
been circulating about the affair
and an effective, fact-based look at
the subject is overdue.
PRINT
Perilous Statecraft
By Michael A. Ledeen
Scribner's
Perilous Statecraft is a
thoughtful overview of the mess
created, written by former National Security Council insider
Michael Ledeen. The book goes far
towards providing a first look at
the scandal which plagued the
White House foreign policy and
strategy planning group nominally known as the National Security Council.
According to Ledeen, the
Reagan administration was confronted with two problem areas
when it came into office: Central
America and the Middle East.
The Reagan administration
wanted to fight communism, yet
often they were reduced to rhetoric
because of the "status quo" of the
State Department bureaucracy,
and the desire ofthe Reagan inner
circle to protect the President's
reputation in history. Therefore,
any initiative which supported the
Nicaraguan contras, for example,
in a nonpublic way, would be welcome.
The situation in Iran posed
different problems. The Americans needed to build bridges to
Iran and encourage a more moder
ate regime in the strategically
important country. The American
hostages held by Iranian-run
groups made the need for a diplomatic deal with Iran more urgent.
Ledeen writes that the scandal developed when the initiative
to improve relations with Iran
turned into an arms deal for hostages that was profitable enough
-j     An irmmmmi:
■4 riMWt*
to fund the contra rebels without
recourse to a Congress that turned
U.S. Contra funding on and off like
a water faucet.
Ledeen's book is clear, informative, and offers a logical analysis of forces and personalities in
the Middle East, Washington and
Central America that were involved in the scandal. Although a
bit dry, it is relatively easy to read
and offers a factual account of
what actually happened in the
affair. Rumours abound about
Iran-Contra, yet Ledeen's book
adresses many of them, appearing
to prove that the scandal was a
result of strategic needs and political imperatives and not a malevolent conspiracy to peddle drugs or
make a grab for dictatorial power.
Ledeen is also skilled at analyzing various personalities of
Iranamok—figures like Richard
Secord, Oliver North and Amiram
Nir—and how internal power politics in Iran, Israel and the U.S.
played a role in shaping events of
the affair.
The book also addresses the
role of Israel in the affair and how
it assisted in running arms to Iran,
providing middlemen for diplomacy and gathering Middle East
intelligence, a subject the major
media hasn't written much about.
The only problem I had with
Ledeen's analysis was his contention that the U.S. adopted a tunnel
view in regard to freeing the
American hostages. He feels that
the need to free the hostages was
misplaced and that the Americans
erred in not establishing a new
relationship with the Iranians
based on an understanding ofthe
factional nature of Iranian politics. This may be excellent strategy, but his intent could be misinterpreted as somewhat coldblooded.
Perilous Statecraft is a useful
and brief (295 pages) introduction
to the Iran-Contra Affair. Those
interested in reading a thoughtful
preliminary historical analysis of
the power politics and personalities involved will find the book
very useful.
continued from page 5
prints depicting war become
claustrophobic in their inability to
provide coherent meaning. The
two murals form a passageway,
with each end flanked by six
smaller prints. Because of the
physical confines ofthe space, it is
impossible to get the entire mural
within vision. The experience is
disturbing.
In the third room, on the far
wall, Howard Ursuliak's series
"Lest We Speak" supplies the only
respite. A series of images related
to communication, or lack of it, are
both beautiful and ofthe moment.
Subjective interpretation of these
images comes easily, relieving the
mind from the unsettling voices of
the preceding photographs.
How nice it would be to distance oneself from stereotypical
associations and media-related
connections when walking
through the rooms of "Taking Pictures", to find the "truth" in the
images.
We only begin to understand
the meaning—or lack of meaning—upon reading the illustrated
catalogue where the curator
states, "Taking Pictures can be
perceived as straddling an exploratory space between the social
and the subjective."
But it was Wallace's written
text that ultimately clarified the
meaning ofthe exhibition, and so,
at least in this case, "Taking Pictures" becomes yet another media-
induced experience.
B Y   I/O RI    DUNGEY    •    IAN    FORSYTH
KEN     ROBERTS      •      RICHARD     SIDE
FROM   JUNE    28
Tuesday to Saturday 8:00 p.m. 2 for 1 Sat 4:00
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751    THURLOW
Reservations 688-7013 IfcfcrfMat-tar 280-4444
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8/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 2,1989 _N1_RfAfNMENT
Poet Laureate writes for the real child
Dirk Zimmer's illustrations give the latest Iron Giant great energy
by Chung Wong
' *     When we think of poet laureates, honoured Englanders like
Tennyson, Wordsworth, and Dryden come to mind, but dare we
mention Ted Hughes? Is he not
'the first poet laureate—not to
mention individual—ever to
" wear a leather jacket to a Royal
Wedding? This man must
definitely know Billy Bragg.
And his book, Iron Giant,
inspired Pete Townshend's new
album, Ironman the Musical.
But who is Ted Hughes? Do
we know? He does engage publicly in unconventional antics,
but this we do know: He is currently England's poet laureate.
If we judge his previous
active public undertakings, Iron
Giant should come as no surprise. First, it is a children's
book. Second, it is no ordinary
children's book:
The Iron Giant came to the
top of the cliff.
How far had he walked?
...
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Nobody knows. Where had he
come from? Nobody knows. How
was he made? Nobody knows.
Taller than a house, the Iron
Giant stood at the top of the cliff,
on the very brink, in the darkness...
PRINT
The Iron Giant
A Story in Five Nights
Ted Hughes
He swayed in the strong
wind that pressed against his
back. He swayed forward on the
brink of the high cliff.
And his right foot, his
enormous iron right foot, lifted—
up, out, into space, and the Iron
Giant stepped forward, off the
cliff into nothingness.
Definitely not for kids who
live fairytale lives, searching to
find or be Prince Charming—nor
for those who just want to
graduate from school and find
life satisfaction in a job. This
book is for those who have
experienced psychological or
emotional alienation during their
childhood.
Hughes embodies the "let's
not kid kids philosophy" in this
book. After all, why wait until
after university?
In this book, children are
shown alternatives to the
destructiveness of our world. The
leading character, a boy named
Hogarth, has different ideas:
destruction isn't necessary.
War ridicules people. Yeah,
children. This is Ted's big
message—now*s the time to
know.
In the end you'll discover
that all the dragon in the book
can do as a slave is fly or make
music. I mean, "Haven't you
heard ofthe music ofthe
spheres? Ifs the music that
space makes to itself. All the
spirits inside all the stars are
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singing. [The dragon is] a star
spirit. [The dragon sings] too.
The music of the spheres is what
makes space so peaceful."
No, this quote is not a call
for you to start a new religion—
get it together!
The Iron Giant asks, "If
you're so peaceful up there, how
did you get such greedy and
cruel ideas?"
The dragon responds, "It just
came over me. I don't know why.
It just came over me, listening to
the battle shouts and the war
cries ofthe earth—I got excited; I
wanted to join in." Ted Hughes
succeeds in causing us to reverse
our thought processes several
times, by inverting our perception of life—making Iron Giant a
parable for our time.	
Ironman breaks
by Chung Wong
In the rock opera Tommy,
a generation identified with a
disabled kid unable to feel or
to be felt. One can only grieve
over the missed potential of
Ironman the Musical, Pete
Townshend's new album.
Poor production hurt the
new album, and even Townshend's well-spun lyrics couldn't
quite save it. But those lyrics.
. . If only the album lived up
to those lyrics. . .
ALBUM
The Ironman
Pete Townshend
About peer pressure,
Townshend sings, "I'm not
gonna run any more like a rat
to a piper's tune."
About adult life (basically
anything at all), he sings, "I've
no idea how my life began, but
I am the fearless Ironman. I
lost my arms. I lost my eyes. I
broke my feet. I bruised my
thighs. My head's on a cliff.
I've no idea where my maker
ran, but I am the fearless
Ironman."
Ironman is an adaptation
of Ted Hughes' book, Iron
Giant. Townshend expands on
the original work, adding
woodland creatures who
befriend a frightened boy,
Hogarth.
Ironman the Musical is
more political than the book,
Iron Giant. When the Ironman
breaks out ofthe soil in the
musical, he begins to devour
military equipment. The government—also a bit more
volatile in the musical—plans
an all-out nuclear attack.
Taking the part of the
father, The Who plays on two
tracks: Dig and Fire. Simon
Townshend, Pete's brother,
sings the part ofthe Owl. Pete
is Hogarth, the young boy, and
legendary blues guitarist
Johnny Lee Hooker is the
Ironman.
Though it all sounds like
the making of a tour de force,
there is a price to pay.
Johnny Lee Hooker's Blues
guitar, Townshend's melodious lyrical lines and his
orgasm-like guitar licks are all
swamped by overtones of
synthesized Muzak.
Ironman is a far cry from
anything, mainly because of
its poor production.
If the Toronto shows are
any indication of concerts to
come, a better version of
Ironman can be heard live
when The Who come to
Vancouver on August 18 to
recreate parts of Tommy the
Rock Opera.
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August 2,1989
THE SUMMER UBYSSEY/9 "verbal abuse
and ice cubes"
Have you been feeling impotent lately?
Perhaps it's a response to the frightening fertility the
anti-choice movement has had of late. They have Barbara
Dodd on their side, they have men laying legal claim to the
part of a woman's body men have always most wanted to
control, and they have the public's attention. They're making working conditions for many health-care workers,
especially those who work at abortion clinics, a daily battle.
They're intimidating women who want abortions and doctors who want to perform them. And they've perfected the
art of getting their antics splashed all over the media.
It's time for the pro-choice movement to get into high
gear. It settledinto complacency after the national abortion
law was struck down. But this perceived "big" victory has
left a void that the anti-choice activists have moved to fill.
In Cleveland a few months ago, the pro-choice movement went on the offensive. A pro-choice mole in Operation
Rescue was able to infiltrate and warn abortion clinics of
planned "Rescue attacks". The clinics alerted sympathizers
and formed human chains so Operation Rescue workers
couldn't chain themselves to the doors.
Vancouver protesters could elaborate on the Cleveland
pro-choicers' tactics—they could make things difficult,
downright miserable in fact, for protesters who chain themselves to clinic doors. Verbal abuse and ice cubes down the
shirt are a good start. But the actions must swing both
ways. Pro-choice groups should not only disrupt Operation
Rescue, they should also provide support to women entering the clinic for abortions. It's a difficult enough decision
to have an abortion, and a woman needs to be aware that
there are those that support her decision despite the verbal
abuse she receives from "life" groups outside. Afew Vancouver women escort women seeking abortions through the
protesters, but there just aren't enough of them.
Direct action doesn't mean pan-handling for public
support. The strengthening of a movement comes about
through small victories: witness the solidarity small victories have brought to the anti-choice movement. Because it's
so important that women retain the right to determine
what happens to their bodies, it's also important that the
pro-choice movement re-evaluate its tactics. Direct action
means going on the offensive, infiltrating if necessary,
fightingif necessary. The small victories are the important
victories, and they won't happen through the legislatures,
they'll happen on the streets.
Oops! La Quena Fiesta story
Re: Kim LaLat Band - One member was almost killed
and had to flee to Guatemala (no< Nicaragua )
Also: Tools for Peace ...
NOT an offshoot of Canadian Aid to Nicaragua - Tools
for Peace was started by a group of fishermen
s;4j;>M.rj;**:J.
August 2, 1989
The Summer Ubyssey is published Wednesdays
throughout July and August by the Alma Mater Society of
the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are
those of the majority of the staff and not necessarily
those ofthe university administration, or ofthe sponsor.
The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press.
The editorial office is Rm. 241K ofthe Student Union
Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;   FAX# 228-6093
Rick Hiebert had fallen asleep in the midst of another crisis. He saw
Kris Obertas and Joe Altwasser turning cartwheels on a grassy hill
while Chung Wong tried to establish a new system of government.
He occasionally asked for their help but they were too involved in
their acrobatics to notice him. Randy Iwata was running for the
position of Chief Despot in Chung's futuresystem. Carla Maftechuk
and Sheila Hill flew over in a hot-air balloon, shouting helpful
advice, which was dutifully recorded and filed by Laura Busheikin.
Heather McCartney, who was in charge of crowd control, told Keith
Leung to create order among the masses of people flooding in with
a strong show of support of Randy's candidacy. Corinne Bjorge was
already secretly plotting a rebellion with Martin Chester. As Rick
tossed and turned, his thoughts shifted. The crowd metamorphosed
into likenesses of Heather Jenkins and Franka Cordua-von Specht.
Laura J. May joined them on a merry-go-round, shouting "Steve
Chan, get a picture of us!" George Oliver, who had the camera,
wouldn't surrender it because he was busy photographing Pat
Makamura while she and Katherine Monk taunted Bobby Groberman about his name. Rick suddenly awoke to the sight of Randy and
Chung having a business meeting on what looked like a merry-go-
round. "Gotta stay away from that spiked watermelon next time"
thought Rick. Ted Aussem made a face at him while Alex Johnson
smiled guiltily at Hao Li.
BorroRs
Jo* Altwassor •  Franka Cordua • von Specht
Laura J. May • Chung Wong
meflNWHILE   ON   TH£   STIAPENT    RENTAL t*OU$IN& /MARKET.
Letters
NDP is not
morally inept
Dear Editors,
I was delighted by Greg
Lanning's letter of July 26,
"Is the NDP morally inept?"
Excoriation by someone of
Mr. Lanning's wit and character always makes me feel
as if I had done something
positively wonderful to deserve it! I must by now have
accumulated at least half a
half dozen such tirades for
myCV.
As an alumnus and
honorary member of faculty,
I cherish the hope that our
Law Faculty can yet teach
Mr. Lanning something
more powerful than argu-
mentum ad hominem ere he
leaves our sheltered groves
of academe for the harder
world where"Tuum Est" is
more that a pretty embellishment on a beer mug.
One small lesson in the
application of fact before
fancy might be in order before our legal beagle bids for
a part as crown prosecutor
or defence attorney.
Let us review his letter,
point by point:
1. Darlene Marzari and I
did not "scold anyone Chinese included" who protested the recent massacre
of students in Beijing. On
the contrary, I was the first
member of the Legislative
Assembly to defend the Chinese students in B.C. from
the attack of Mr. Russ
Fraser, MLA on their freedom of speech here in Canada. (See B.C. Hansard for
June 2, 1989.) With my
family, I participated in a
demonstration outside the
Chinese Consulate on June
4th. Ms. Marzari and I
were, to our knowledge, the
only MLA's to open our offices to Chinese students
wishing to use our
governmnent telephone line
and FAX machine to contact
China. We potentially face a
huge telephone bill if the
government does not agree
to pay for these calls. We
continue our support for the
Chinese students in every
way possible.
2. We di d not compare the
demolition of apartment
buildings in Kerrisdale, and
the expulsion of elderly
long-term tenants, to the
Tien An Men massacre. We
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.	
did suggest Canadians not
be smug when we show so
little regard for the human
rights of these elderly citizens who have been the
foundation of our present
affluent society. We do not
apologize for representing
these less vocal constituents
too.
3. I no longer head the
"Physicians for Social Re-
sponsibilty", although I am
proud to have served a
President of the B.C. chapter in 1984-85. That organization (now re-named Canadian Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War)
never condoned the shooting down of KAL 007, nor
would we. If someone else
handed out leaflets at one of
our meetings, "absolving
the Red Airforce of killing
269 people", as Mr. Lanning
alleges, it was certainly not
us. Mr. Lanning has repeated this libellous fiction
many times, but it has not
become any more true for
the re-telling.
One last rebuttal. Neither Ms. Marzari nor I have
any desire to be "yoked
around" Mr. Greg Lanning's
neck. Occasional literary
fencing such as this is sufficient contact for my taste,
thank you. Had the voters of
Point Grey condemned me
to share the yoke with Mr.
Lanning, I should eagerly
have responded: "Unyoke
me then, for I would be free
to think for myself with a
clear and an honest mind!"
Tom Perry, MLA
Life force
requests
response
Dear Dr. Strangway
Dr. Holm has informed
us that he believes that neither he nor Cheryl
MacDonald need to reply to
our letter of July 18, 1989
regarding the killing and
dissection of rats and quail
in Biology 102 (copy enclosed).
In a telephone conversation on July 25,1989, Dr.
Holm informed me that he
would be offering any student opposed to dissection a
non-violent option which
would satisfy the requirements of the course. However, he did not offer any
option to student Jennifer
Miller, and refuses to dis
cuss this contradiction with
Lifeforce.
Therefore, we request
that you respond or instruct
representatives from the
Biology Department to
immediately respond to our
concerns as outlined in the
July 18, 1989 letter.
For non-violent sciences
Peter Hamilton
Director, Lifeforce
Please don't
forget the Boat
People
I am writing this letter
in response to your editorial
entitled 'ABSORBING THE
WEALTHY ABANDONING THE POOR'. I am ofthe
same opinion with your editorial, however I do find that
the contents are inadequate. Nowhere in your
editorial can I find the tragic
flight of the Vietnamese
boat-people living in makeshift detention camps in
Hong Kong even mentioned.
I am already sadden by the
fact that their predicament
has recieved little attention
by the press and sympathy
by the world, and even more
so when people with commitment for a fair immigration policy have forgotten
their tragedy altogether. A
test of a fair immigration
policy has to do with how
well we treat those who
have nowhere to go to and
who are in in need of a refuge from persecution and
possible death. Canada had
been kind and compassionate in the past— a refuge for
the persecuted. Our doors
are closing fast and our borders are sealed. Less and
less refugees are admitted
into Canada every year in a
record wave of immigration.
There are about sixty
thousands Vietnamese
refugees in the congested
crown colony. Upon their
arrival in their leaky old
junks, they are crammed
into makeshift detention
camps, denied their freedom
to move about even to embassies to seek political asylum. This is why I think you
have done no justice to these
desperate people by your
silence, lack of commitment
for a fair immigration policy
or lack of knowledge, when
you speak out for the residents of Hong Kong in your
article and fail even to men
tion about the real refugees
of the crown colony. "*"*"
I have intended this
excercise to bring your at-*
tention to the flight of these
desperate but patient
people whom you seem to
have no knowledge about.
You can do them justice by-
doing likewise.
H J Trail*
Science IV
Salaries don't
affect fees
Dear Sir: ,
Your report (July 19,
1989) that President
Strangway links future student fee increases to the
faculty salary settlement to
be determined this year by
arbitration seems strange. -*--
Fee increases for the
present year were set some4
time ago. the figure 8.2%
quoted as the administration's offer to faculty includes the Career Advancement Plan, which is largely^
self-financing through turnover savings. The 8.2 figure
does not represent the cost
to the University. A figure
of 5.2% is a more accurate
reflection of the increase
being offered by the University for purposes of comparison with rates of inflation or
rates of increase in fees.     -**•
The rather modest figure  being  offered  by  the
administation falls well below this year's substantial
increases in the Provincial'*
Government's   grants   to
UBC which include funds*
specially designated to increase UBC faculty salaries
towards  more  competitive
levels.  The University's offer is also well below this**-
year's 10% fee increase.
The   increase   beingj
sought by the Faculty Association lies within the University's ability to pay out of
presently   known   funds.
Indeed, any arbitrated set-^
tlement  must  fall   within
that ability as determined^
by the Arbitration Board.
There is no way in which the
settlement will have implications for fee increases in
future years, that being a_^
subject relating to the overall budget planning of the
University in the future.
John Cragg, chair
Salaries and Economic
benefits Committee
Faculty Association
10/THE SUMMER UBYSSEY
August 2,1989 OP-ED
South African Loner
It has been almost a year since
. "self-imposed" South African exile
Abdullah Ibrahim stunned an
audience at Vancouver East Cul-
H tural Center, a forum where hidden artists leave lasting impressions in the hearts of people who
visit their artistic—or even personal—landscape.
Ibrahim is a frustrating person to interview. He speaks in elliptical phrases out of deep medi-
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tation. His music, however, proves
■v/te be one of the most eloquent
voices in the jazz world. Much of
„ ^his music—if not all—speaks of a
painful relationship between an
exile and a beautiful homeland. It
dwells on its gruelling history, and
most predominant is the "mon-
r„-ster" called "apartheid" which occupies the land. Land is a priceless
__ achievement for an African to attain. A spiritual relationship exists between the two. For Abdullah, it is there his family grows; it
is there his life grows. But he
r-J-yiows, under apartheid, it cannot
reach its fruition.
He stands before an audience
in humble rags. His face is sad and
the lines on his boyish demeanor
harden. He looks to the ground
and ponders. "This song..., this
song...this song...," he mutters in
thought. He pauses to search for
^_)yords to say. "This song," he says,
"is very difficult to explain." He
stands in silence for 40 seconds.
"^Suddenly, he shakes his head in
disgust. He whispers, "No explanation needed—this song is
called../Nelson."'
Abdullah Ibrahim is a rare
one to acknowledge the imperfection of his humanity.  "Music,"
~ Rrahim says, "can help to illuminate ourselves, to help us see best
how we can relate to other people
on a level of love and understanding."
"All else is of no consequence,"
Ibrahim likes to say.
I choose Abdullah Ibrahim as
an example, for it is perhaps the
strife for a pure ideal in life he
undertakes that we have come to
value a man named Nelson. A
strife which exhorts right and
speaks and acts against wrong
despite the mostinhuman of temptations—while under repressive
states—such as money; power;
and opportunity. For over two
decades, Mandela sacrificed opportunity consistently to preserve
an ideal in its purity. Very few can
say they have taken a step toward
such an endeavor. And even fewer
will admit the existence of a pure
ideal. But in our recognition of
Mandela—not the human being
but rather the concept we have
nourished—we reveal a hope and
desire in our hearts that such a
thing does exist. In our society we
face a cluttered collage of politicians with powerful voices which
do not allow room for human error.
We look through each window and
believe we see clearly. A little
Windex will always do the job. But
what we forget and doubt—learn
to doubt—are the ideals we hope
for. The things we stand for. Most
importantly, we lose our focus and
connection to humanity. We forget
how to deal with humans on a
human basis. In a sense it is ironically a form of self-denial. What we
admire—if that is all we do—in
Nelson Mandela is that he never
forgot. What we admire in the
South African people is that they
too have not forgotten. Human
reasoning or human spirit has
been the strength of the anti-
apartheid movement as opposed
to transient political jargon. It is a
stance that the South African
government has been unable to
shatter. Recently, an artist's impression of jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela, as he looks today,
was given to delegates to a South
African trade union meeting by
the South African government.
Wrinkles circle Mandela's mouth
and underline his eyes. One has to
wonder if the release of this picture reflects a plot by the South
African government acting as the
Orwellian "Big Brother" giving an
illusion for the world showing the
decay and fickleness ofthe human
spirit. A collage is before us. It is
now we must ask ourselves: Do we
forget or do we stand?
Chung Wong, Ubyssey staff
The China watcher story
In silent recesses ofthe minds
of avid watchers ofthe China situation—especially of those who call
it home— realities are comprehended but rarely outwardly expressed.
Many feel that if the
government were left
alone for a couple of
years, it may initiate
some real political
reform by itself.
What happened in
Tienammen Square
was outrageous, but
should be
remembered as an
unfortunate event in
Chinese history.
There is a general belief that
the Communist Government of
China is the only means for stability and control during this nation's
critical times. The watchers feel
that strong "condemnation ac-
tion,"like total economic sanctions
from the West, will only push the
Communist Government of China
toward irrational actions. But the
watchers desperately hope that in
time the government will change
its course of action to:
1. Stop persecuting the intellectuals and political reform supporters.
2. Release all students and
student leaders.
3. Acknowledge the massacre
in Tiennamen Square and compensate for all the victims.
4. Continue economic reform.
5. Open for slow but steady
political reform.
This kind of thinking is also
popular in overseas Chinese com-
munites.
Many feel that if the government were left alone for a couple of
years, it may initiate some real
political reform by itself. What
happened in Tienammen Square
was outrageous, but should be
remembered as an unfortunate
event in Chinese history.
Canadian founders believed
that:
1. Collective wisdom and
strength ofthe INFORMED common people out match, and out
think any leaders in shaping the
future of the nation.
2. Common people are concerned and care for their homeland. Given the Right Condition
and Right Motivation, the INFORMED common people are
willing to sacrifice much more
than asked for in order to secure a
better future for their nation.
3. Compromise is always
needed from everyone. Human
interests are so different in any
society and in any nation that
without any compromise, all
democratic government will be
paralysed.
4. Absolute power corrupts
absolutely. No democratic system
can survive if there were no check
and balance built into the system.
These mechanisms will never be
efficient, but the political system
will preserve a "government ofthe
people, for the people and by the
people."
All educated people living in
the west should understand the
above principles. Yet it is surpris-
_ ing to see that so many watchers
actually believe that the Communist Government of China can
change their way of thinking without any external or internal pres
sure.
The Communist Party of
China probably believes:
1. We are the elite and wise
men in China. We understand
more about the whole China and
all its problems. Only we are qualified to make difficult decisions for
all people in China.
2. Common people are not
wise or INFORMED enough to
decide their own lives and destinies. If they are given too much
freedom, there will be chaos in the
country.
3. The top leaders of government can not be corrupted by their
absolute power since they are too
old and wise. They are Chinese
and they love there country.
It is probably true that most
common people in China are not
INFORMED and wise enough to
take control of their destinies
IMMEDIATELY. There will be
chaos and confusion in China if
there is an IMMEDIATE reform in
China's political system.
... the government
must be responsible
for not INFORMING
and educating the
Chinese people.
However, the government
must be responsible for not INFORMING and educating the
Chinese people. Over the past 40
years, the party has with force
educated everyone in China not to
think about anything beside party
doctrines. Now, the MISINFORMED and uneducated common people are the excuses for the
party to slow down or stop all progressive political reform.
In China there are probably
several million people belonging to
the   Communist   Party.   Out   of
continued on page 4
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Beer Garden ft
ft 37" Big Screen T.V. ft
Monday - Thursday
4:00-* 11-00 pm
Friday   4*00 - 12-00 am
Graduate Student Centre UBC Gate 4
me EXCELSIOR
4544 West tOtb tomtm
Vancouver 228*1181
Most Popular Chittese Restaurant
c&?<* out &ur witte mtmia*>ofc&i$M&J<iM>as
SEAFOOD BUFFET &
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80
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ALL YOU CAN EAT
APPETIZER — raw oyster, salmon, shrimp, cold
cuts and lots more.
ENTREE —10 kinds of Chinese food, veg., crab,
fish, clams, chicken, chow mein and fried rice
and chefs specialities.
DESSERTS — cake, pie, Jello, fruit and more.
Just outside UBC Gates
Take out and Delivery
2281181
^txb&s&ltKMtvM&vemibbMl
August 2,1989
THE UBYSSEY/11 'j ',% '4}
FEATURE
Wednesday, July 19
We've been in the city for two days,
and we're moving to this warehouse in the
Mission district, where the events ofthe
Gathering are taking place.
Not many people at the warehouse
when we set up, but the number will
quickly grow to almost 200. We are
staying there illegally. The warehouse has
been rented by organizers ostensibly for
'storage'. A daily newsletter for the
Gathering will be produced there. The
warehouse will become a centre for
the earth. I feel old and comparatively
sober-minded.
The courtyard of the school has
become a hangout for people relaxing. At
any given time there are between 150 to
200 anarchists there. People talking,
beating on drums, playing basketball,
skateboarding, playing Duck Duck Goose
in a big circle (modified to Anarchist
Anarchist Fascist). The courtyard is
where the free food is served and general
assemblies are held.
We go back to the warehouse and dis-
ceaseless activity and noise late into the
night.
At 5:30 we go to a demo in support of
Food Not Bombs. In San Francisco, apparently, they'll arrest you for serving free
food to the homeless, something which
they've been doing since 1980. In the
previous week, 19 people were arrested
for "serving food without a permit." The
recent crackdown has been partly sparked
by the founding of a highly visible
homeless encampment across from City
Hall. Inhabitants ofthe encampment
have been threatened with eviction and
subjected to stepped-up police harassment. The arrests of Food Not Bombs
volunteers has been part of a general
program to remove the homeless from
sight.
About 300 people gather at Civic
Center Plaza to disobey the ban by
serving food to the homeless. Over 200
people have been served, the media has
left and the crowd is dispersing in small
groups when the police start making
arrests. Over 2 dozen people are taken to
jail for the same charge.
thursday, July 20
The Gathering opens. All the workshops are being held at a junior high
school. I go to my first one, on "subversive
arts". Two hours of practical information
on activities accessible to everyone which
can be used to challenge existing assumptions and subvert the system. Discussion
ranges from remaking entire billboards in
broad daylight (just bring scaffolding,
coveralls and pylons to redirect traffic) to
environmentally-sound spray paint
techniques (ie. avoiding CFC-containing
aerosol cans). Emphasis is given to using
aesthetics and fun to engage people in
your community and disarm hostility.
I end up at a workshop on "Reuniting
chaos and anarchy" which turns into a
raging debate between "anarchy and
order" people, of which I am one, and
"anarchy and chaos' people, comprised
mostly of younger Punks. After an hour
and a half, the Chaos people decide
they're not having fun and start playing
patty cakes loudly overtop the discussion.
About a dozen people start play wrestling
on the floor. The workshop comes to a
tumultuous end. I chat with some of the
Order people about "social anarchism',
about our actions being bound by respect
for each other as human beings and for
cover our stay is in jeopardy. Apparently,
the owner has found out and has threatened to phone the cops. (200 people are
definitely less than invisible.) There is a
house meeting to discuss how to respond.
Talk ranges from resisting to stalling, but
eventually ends up at leaving peacefully
in respect of the SF organizers who have
put up $3000 for the rent. We also discuss
alternative housing arrangements,
ranging from camping out at Civic Center
where people have been setting up tents
in solidarity with the homeless, to an
Oakland warehouse, legally lived in by 16
anarchist-vegetarians, to a large squat in
the Lower Haight district.
friday, July 21
I go to a workshop on "characteristics
of modern society", which is a very
intellectual discussion critiquing the
notion of "Progress', one ofthe more
cherished ideas of Western industrial
society. Judging from the workshops I've
attended so far, I have this feeling there
are these different anarchist streams —
I've come across the militant, the chaotic,
and the intellectual so far, and I'm sure
there are many more — and ne'er the
twain shall meet. They go to their own
workshops, where they learn things that
reinforce their original worldview, rather
than create a dialogue between the
differing categories and hopefully sparking some sort of dynamic tension.
I also attend a workshop given by a
woman from the Greenham Common
Peace Camp (a permanent encampment
set up by women in England to protest
the military base there where nuclear
weapons are being housed). Since the fall
of 1984, the military has begun directing
microwaves at the women. Most ofthe
women have become ill, with symptoms
ranging from ear aches to nausea to
speech difficulties to feelings of panic and
paranoia. The massive police and army
force guarding the base has virtually disappeared. The women believe that the zapping is
being used to harass
the women into leaving
and also to test the
effects and potential of
electromagnetic weapons. Very
any.
In the evening we move our stuff to
the squat. It's an 11 story-high apartment
building that has been abandoned for 10
years. A few ofthe people from the Gathering have been squatting there for as
along as six months. We climb through a
hole in the fence and go up to the 5th floor
where about 30 people are staying. The
floors are cold and most of the rooms are
uninhabitable because there are no
windows. However, there are eight people
in my room and sleeping bags and body
heat to keep us all warm.
monday, July 24
People tell me they've seen Michelle
Shocked at the Gathering. Hmmm, I
wonder if she'll play at all.
It's networking day and I'm off to a
meeting aimed towards establishing a
continental anarchist newspaper, one
that will be a voice to unite the aharchist
movement and to communicate with
other non-anarchist movements.
At the anarchist youth networking
meeting people expressed the need to help
each other out. One proposal that received
a great deal of enthusiasm was creating a
support network of anarchist youth so
that those people who were finding home
and parents unlivable could find a place
to stay and moral support from those who
were independent. Talk turned to various
methods of scamming work and getting
around being trapped in the 9-to-5 grind.
Many of the participants in this meeting
were definitely less articulate than most,
and one of the things that impressed me
greatly was how many of these kids were
the ones struggling hardest with difficult
issues. In a fundamental way, they
grasped essentials, which is striking
because we often consign the inarticulate
to positions of followers and dependents.
A Pacific Northwest Regional networking meeting. We agree to start
organizing for a regional gathering to be
held in 3 to 6 months. Vancouver, perhaps?
tuesday, July 25
A workshop on squatting (occupying
abandoned buildings and making them
your home). Very inspiring. About sixty
people at this workshop, most of whom
have squatted or are squatting. They
trade experiences and practical information. There is a real feeling of people who
have taken back control of their own lives
in a very concrete way.
Meanwhile anxiety over the Day of
Action has been increasing, as it has been
for many people I have talked to. I am
excited by the idea of occupying a building
for the homeless, of doing something with
a functional value. The image of creating
a liberated zone is exciting. At the same
time, the very real possibility of serious
violence is frightening. Physically defending the building from police charges still
remains an abstract concept. I definitely
feel part of an action not typical to North
America. Vancouver is a town where
people walk around with picket signs and
radical means lying down to get dragged
away by the police. Achieving
something real is always dependent on
those in power responding in a benevolent
fashion, so we are often disappointed. The
idea of taking something back, reclaiming a bit of space, of
freedom, is not talked
about. Perhaps we
should start doing some
serious conversation
about some serious action.
impressions from the gathering
There were definitely a few flakes
and a vocal minority of obnoxious assholes
at the Gathering. There were people who
were insensitive to others and not
cooperative at all. Conflict occurred over
issues of sexism and heterosexism. But       *"
my primary impression is a positive one.
The vast majority of the people there,
to which I think our group belonged, were
relatively intelligent, informed people,
motivated by compassion, concern and the
desire for community and self-determination. And then there was also a small mi-   *
nority of very strong, inspiring individuals, whom I think I could have learnt a lot
from in a different situation — one where
you're not engulfed with meeting dozens
of new people over the space of a week —   *"
where I could have been free to invest the
energy needed to really communicate. *■
I learned to accept alternative lifestyles in a very real way — this was definitely the largest gathering of gays and
lesbians totally open about their sexuality
I had ever seen. Anarchists have a sense    *
of fun and self-parody that is very
liberating. I was impressed by all the *
experience contained within the participants of the Gathering. People were living
anarchism now, not as some Utopian
dream, according to the people they could
do it with and the resources available to ■»-.
them. Some made choices as individuals,
more in small, personal groups, and some ^
as part of large-scale projects, as part of
movements. Anarchism, ultimately, is
about empowering ourselves and each
other, and that's what anarchists
throughout North America are doing right „.
now.
y/
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12/THE UBYSSEY
August 2, 1989

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