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The Ubyssey Mar 11, 1988

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Array THEUBMY
4**-
*:H^K^
4 Women's
Special
Issue
Prostitutes in
P. O. W. E. R.
«
I
hate the
word choice,
prostitution
is not a choice. When you
face the option of starving
or working, you're going
to work."
Karen started working the street
when she was 19. She's 28 now, the
mother of two children, and one of
the founders of Prostitutes and
Other Women for Equal Rights -
an organization dedicated to protecting women's rights in a world
where the words "I love you" cost
$30.
"Prostitution is a job. A
woman may work as a prostitute,
but it's not what she is throughout
her life. She likes to cook, she
keeps her apartment clean, she's
no different. It's not a shitty lifestyle, it is a shitty way of having to
make a living? she says while
digging into a bacon-and-egg
breakfast in an east-side cafe.
Before getting involved with
POWER, Karen didn't talk about
her experiences as a hooker.
"Feminism had never really
touched my life. And I didn't want
to talk about workingin amassage
parlour, or what it was like working in an escort agency.
"Now I feel rage. I operate on
anger, it gives me my energy.
Don't agonize, organize."
Now Karen thinks prostitutes, like other women, have to
speak out about inequality.
"I don't have the patience for
working anymore. I don't have the
patience for smiling when I'd
rather say Tuck off and die.' I
don't hatemen. But I have learned
not to respect them. The more
money a man has, the kinkier he
is. It's the corperate lawyers that
want you to piss on them and
spank them. The average guy just
wants a lay or a blow job.
"It's purely mechanical. How
can you judge morals?
I have a friend who talked to a
postman, and he asked her if she
came when she worked. And she
said: T)o you come when you deliver the mail?'"
Karen, now a lesbian, says
she slept with men for power, now
she sleeps with women because
she wants to. "I was bisexual from
the time I was 16. I realized that
men had this power - economic
power - and I knew I could get it if
I slept with them? she says.
"Prostitutes are outcasts in
society. It's no different than
working in an office for a fat slob,
bringing home a paycheck - no
different. There would be no problem if I gave it away, but because I
charge, that makes me an outcast.
We're isolated. We don't have the
same legal rights, because we're
labelled as prostitutes. Even before a woman is convicted, she has
a police record."
HGHJING FOR WOMW S RIGHTS
ON AND OFF IHE STRKT
In Vancouver, every prostitute has a police file. She or he
must be photographed, and fill out
a police card which asks for their
name, address, a full physical
description, including any scars or
tatoos, what they charge, what
they specialize in, and what corners they work on.
"If you don't give them this
information, you're harassed. You
can have a cop sitting next to you
on the street for 12 hours, without
making a dime. It's even happened
that they've held women down to
take their photographs," Karen
says.
Vancouver Police Sgt. Al
Forbes, who coordinates sexual
offence investigations, says the
photographs are "for their own
protection. We end up with a lot of
dead prostitutes, and we need to
have a means of identification?
But Karen disagrees.
"If it's for our safety then why
don't they take pictures ofthe bad
dates? Why don't they take the bad
trick sheet seriously?"
I have a friend who talked
to a postman, and he
asked her if she came
when she worked. And
she said: 'Do you come
when you deliver the
mail?'
Forbes dismissed as "a lot of
crap" allegations by POWER that
police treat hookers' rape charges
less seriously than complaints
from other women.
"We make every effort we can
to protect these people. In fact, I
was on the phone today to a transvestite prostitute who was raped,
trying to get her to press charges.
Unfortunately, I didn't succeed,
but at least I made the effort."
Karen said many prostitutes
don't speak out when they have
been attacked because the police
don't believe them.
"It's not safe for a lot of women
to speak out. It's their word
against yours. Prostitutes are very
seldom believed, and the convictions are very few, considering the
amount of crime, it's minimal. One
woman in four will be raped at one
time during her life. Prostitutes
are raped an average of ten times
a year? she says.
Forbes agreed that "we don't
have a long record of convictions. A
victim has to be cooperative to
proceed and come through the
court system.
"Prostitutes live on the edge,
and prostitutes, in a lot of cases,
are unreliable. The prostitutes we
have dealt with, however, are extremely reliable? Forbes says.
Destroying the popular myths
about prostitutes is one of
POWER'S main concerns, says
Karen. "There are academic pimps
and opportunistic feminists that
write without any accountability
to prostitutes. They can say whatever they want.
"Megan Ellis wrote that we
fulfill every man's fantasy for $30
to $50. She later changed it to $50
to $100. But she has never spoken
to a prostitute as far as I know. I
have never fulfilled any man's
complete fantasy. We don't even
kiss. They don't get to play, it's
purely mechanical.
"It's all based on assumption.
People are prostitutes because
they need money. Some of the
other myths are that we love to
fuck, that we are all lesbians -
now, from the feminist viewpoint,
we're all just plain stupid.
"When I say feminist, I mean
middle-class and white women
who have all the power in the
media and everything else."
POWER is trying to bring the
power ofthe media and the law to
street women by distributing a
weekly list describing violent
Johns, visiting prostitutes on the
street and providing free condoms,
legal aid and emergency daycare.
POWER receives its $1,500
budget from private donations.
But Karen says POWER could not
exist if it weren't for the community feeling among women on the
street.
"You have to stick together so
that the bad dates get passed on
quickly. We can say something on
Broadway, and by the time we hit
downtown, they'll say 'Oh yah, we
already know about him.'" she
says.
Karen says POWER also has
the cooperation of older prostitutes to keep young girls from
getting involved with the street
scene.
"Sometimes we get really
young kids on the street. If a 12-
year-old is out well get calls to
take her off the street, and they
(other prostitutes) won't let her
work."
The first step in helping
women off the street is not assuming that they are misguided, says
Karen. "Poverty is the main reason behind prostitution. Kids run
away because something is wrong
at home. Either they are being
physically or mentally abused.
They don't run to prostitution,
they run away from home. And
they get out there and someone
offers them big money. You look
twelve, they love you.
"In an idealistic world, prostitution shouldn't exist, but that's
not where we are. In order to get
rid of prostitution, you have to-
have all the other things that
make women's lives better?
By Katherine Monk
VOLUME 70, Number 44
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 11,1988 Classifieds
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Friday, March 18,1988
International House
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Sunday, March 13, 1988 -1 p.m. -
International House
Keynote Speaker: Hardial Bains,
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National Leader of the
Communist Party of Canada
(Marxist-Leninist)
Invitations available at International House on a first-come, first-
served basis.
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TEE MUSICAL MADNESS €
A
Bear
Garden	
3:00-7:30   p.m.   Friday
Mar.l. SUB 241k
Between
NOTE: "Noon" = 12:30 -1:30 p.m.
FRIDAY
English Students' Society
Grad Donor Ticket Sales. Noon,
SUB 208 (E.S.S. Office).
Muslim Students' Association
Friday lecture and prayers. Noon,
International House.
Indonesia Development Resource
& Policy Project
INDONESIA WEEK: Final day's
events
Discussion by H.E. Mr. Adiwoso
Abubakar (Indonesian Ambassador to Canada) on "Indonesia
Today and Tomorrow." Noon,
Asian Centre.
ALSO: Discussion by Dr. Riga
Adiwoso Suprapto (Adviser to the
Indonesian Ministry of Population and Environment) on "The
Impact of Development on
Women in Indonesia'. 3-4 p.m.,
Asian Centre, Seminar Rm. 604.
ALSO: An Indonesian "Warung
Kopi" (coffee house). 4-5:30 p.m.,
International House, Gate 4.
Speakeasy
Feed the Food Bank Bzzr Garden
- proceeds to Vancouver Food
Bank. 3:30 p.m. on. SUB 207-209.
Graduate Student Society
Bzzr Garden. 4:30-7:30 p.m., Ballroom, Graduate Student Centre.
Pacific Rim Club
Exotic Bzzr Garden with prizes (2
plane tickets to Beijing!). 4:30,
Buchanan Lounge.
UBC Film Society
Movies: "The Terminator" at 7
p.m., "Planes, Trains and Automobiles" at 9:30 p.m. SUB Auditorium.
Graduate Student Society
Snooker Tournament. GSS Members only. No entry fee. Call Rob
Sanbrook at 222-1332 to register,
or office. 7:30 p.m., upstairs,
Graduate Student Centre.
ALSO: Spring Dance with live
band, the Bravados. 8 p.m.-12
midnite, Fireside Lounge, Graduate Student Centre.
The Spanish Department
"Sublime Decision" - a play by
Miguel   Mihura   -   dialogue   in
Spanish. Admission free. 8 p.m.,
International House.
Graduate Student Society
DJ Night with Tim Girdler.  7
p.m., Fireside Lounge, Graduate
Student Centre.
UBC Film Society
SUBFilms:  "Adventures  in  Babysitting? 7 p.m.; "Planes, Trains
and Automobiles? 9:30 p.m. SUB
Auditorium.
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Veneration ofthe Cross: Liturgy of
St. Basil the Great. 9:30 a.m., St.
Andrew's Hall, 6040 Iona Drive.
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Communion Service. 10 a.m., Lu-
therna Campus Military.
Maranatha Christian Church
Worship Service. 12 noon, 2490 W.
2nd. At Larch.
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Evening prayer.   7:30  p.m.,  St.
Anselm's.
SATURDAY
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Vigil: Veneration of the Cross. 5
p.m., St. Andrew's Hall, 6040 Iona
Drive.
Ayn Rand Club
Lecture #9: "The Objectivist
Method in Philosophy." 7-10 p.m.,
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MONDAY
Library and Archival  Students'
Association
Book sale. 10 a.m.-4 p.m., SUB
Concourse (south end).
Ayn Rand Club
Display Booth: "Philosophy: Who
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Concourse.
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Annual General Meeting. Noon,
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IBM Meeting. Noon, SUB 211.
Japan Exchange
General meeting and election of
next year's executives. Noon, SUB
119.
Graduate Student Society
Video Night: "Gregory's Girl" (6
p.m.), "Diva" (8 p.m.). Fireside
Lounge,     Graduate    Student
Centre.
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Classic SUBFilms: "From Here to
Eternity?   Best   Picture   Oscar,
1953. Starring Frank Sinatra. 7
and 9:30, SUB Auditorium.
Gays and Lesbians of UBC
A discussion group on sexuality.
Trying to come out? Need someone
to talk to? Give yourself a chance
before the end of term. 8 p.m.,
Lutheran Campus Centre, Fireside Room - Wesbrook & University Blvd.
TUESDAY
English Students' Society
Grad Dinner Ticket Sales. Noon,
SUB 208, E.S.S. Office.
Jewish Students' Association/
Hillel
"The West Bank: History & Ethics? and lunch. Noon, Hillel
House.
Law Students' Legal Advice Program
Free legal advice. 12:30-2 p.m.,
SUB 215.
Simon Fraser University MBA
Program
Information session. Noon, Henry
Angus Bldg. Rm. 412.
The Ubysseij needs
photographers, writers, and
production people.
Come to  SUB 24IK soon.
2/THE UBYSSEY
March 11, 1988 Concerned Citizens for Choice on Abortion and Students for Choice solicit signatures for a
petition requesting funding for all abortions and the establishment of abortion services
throughout B.C. "We're not here to convince people, we're here for people who've made up their
minds," said Kim Dougherty. Approximately 250 signatures were gathered yesterday
Sexual harassment
policy implemented
By Stephen Scrimshaw
UBC's long awaited sexual
harassment policy was adopted
by the Board of Governors last
week, almost two years after a
committee was struck to develop a
sexual harassment policy.
The adoption of the
committee's Sexual Harassement
Report by the BoG has been the
result of years of pressure against
the university to come up with a
comprehensive plan to protect the
rights of people on campus.
The Report states that its
mandate is in "providing the best
possible environment for working
and learning for those associated
with the university?
June Lythgoe, the director of
the Women's Students Office, was
delighted that the Report had
been passed and complimented
the BoG for the Report's compre
hensiveness.
"If there are any gaps in the
university's sexual harassment
policy, then these will become
apparent in time," Lythgoe said.
"Areport as sensitive as this one is
bound to have many strengths and
weaknesses but which are hard to
determine at the time of creation
and can only be assessed through
time and testing."
Lisa Eckman, the AMS
external affairs coordinator, enthusiastically supports the
Report's objectives, but felt that its
arrival was long over due and of
undetermined worth.
"Only when the act is in use
can we determine its true value?
Eckman said.
Another concern of Eckman's
is that students have influential
input on the Report's planned
permanent advisory committee.
Support grows for midwifery
By Jennifer Lyall
Midwifery is a safe and respectable profession that should
be legalized, says an SFU criminology professor studying the controversial issue.
Brian Burtch said his research "certainly could be part of
an argument for the legal recognition and development of midwifery?
Canadian midwives are not
included under any of the
country's provincial medical
plans, and so must charge high
user fees. They are forced to
operate outside the law because
they are "seen essentially as competitors" of established medical
services and are widely considered
unsafe, said Burtch.
But "my research didn't suggest an increase in morbidity" in
births attended by midwives, said
Burtch. "I don't see the community
midwife as being more dangerous
than a medical nurse?
Both obstetricians and mid-
wives could benefit by cooperating
with each other, said Burtch.
"It's not as if the community
midwife is opposed" to the medical
establishment, he said. "Many
midwives recognise the value of
working with obstetricians and
hospitals? Some midwives work
with sympathetic doctors to
screen out high-risk patients, or
transfer patients to a hospital
during labor or after delivery.
The new midwifery goes beyond the traditional role of the
midwife, said Burtch. Community
midwives act as labor coaches and
provide intensive pre and postnatal care.
The midwifery profession
need not be integrated with the
medical establishment and controlled by the medical or nursing
profession, said Burtch. "In many
countries it's a self-regulating occupation in terms of the management of normal pregnancy and
delivery?
Midwives assist at about one
per cent of all Canadian births and
charge a fee of about $600, which
includes pre and post-natal care,
said Burtch. "A pretty wide cross-
section" of women opt to give birth
at home, he said.
"Midwives provide an attractive option for a significant num-
UBC female
professors
owed $2,000
By Ross McLaren
Some female faculty members
waiting for a $2,000 payment from
the university to redress salary
imbalances with their male colleagues are frustrated the money
has taken so long to arrive.
A $120,000 anomaly fund was
established in July, 1987, to bring
women's salaries up to the level of
men in similar positions. It provides $2,000 for each female professor whose salary is not equal to
male faculty members with the
same experience and seniority.
But Diana Brydon, Academic
Women's Committee chair, said no
money has been distributed yet
although administration officials
said money would be available in
March.
There is some frustration on
the part ofthe female faculty? she
said.
Daniel Birch, vice-president
academic services, said the money
could not be handed out until the
final figures for 1987-88 faculty
salaries were known.
A background analysis, Birch
said, had to be completed first. "In
The mandate of the permanent advisory committee is to
"investigate complaints to decide
if there is any evidence to justify a
formal hearing" and to "advise the
president on the appointment of
sexual harassment officer, the
panel of mediators and hearing
panel."
The Report suggests that representation from faculty, students
and non-academic staff should be
on the committee but the final decision will be left to president
Strangway.
Eckman said that she intends
to apply for a position when they
are offered and encourages other
students to apply to ensure students' concerns are addressed.
She expects the administration to make a call for applications
within the next two weeks.
ber of women who are concerned
about the complex issues involved
in maternal and infant well-being,
control over their own bodies
(which extends to their own pregnancies and childbirths) and generally the erosion of personal liberties?
Canada is the only major industrial nation that doesn'tlegally
recognise midwifery services, according to a World Health Organization study, but Burtch expects
restrictions to be relaxed soon.
"The growing pressures for
legal recognition, continued political lobbying for skilled midwifery
services, consumer preferences for
continuity of care, and sensitivity
of the government to women's issues may induce the state to expand the role ofthe qualified midwife and to legalize midwifery as
an autonomous occupation, separate from medicine."
Government task forces in
Quebec and Ontario have recently
published reports in favor of recognising the profession of midwifery,
and the B.C. government is currently reviewing the issue.
medicine,'for example, salaries
come from three or four sources, so
it takes two or three months for
salary adjustments to be worked
out and a new base analysis completed? said Birch.
Faculty Association presi dent
Josef Blom said he doesn't know
when the money will be delivered
to faculty women.
"The administration says
'soon? but it has taken an
extensive amount of time. We
raise the matter every time we
can?
Neil Guppy, a UBC sociology
professor, said Canadian women
faculty receive, on average, $8,123
a year less than their male colleagues.
"Part of the difference is that
more lecturers and instructors are
women? Guppy said. "There are
different explanations as to why
this is the case. It might be women
have higher hurdles or more family obligations than men?
Guppy added that even female full professors in Canada
took home $3,000 less than male
professors in 1985.
Examinations
begin
next week.
March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/3 Pango Pango (UNS) - Hairy Puce Blorgs on this tiny island kingdom
rioted when they heard that Dim Turd, court jester of Pango Pango,
was coming to their party....with a fucking outboard motor. Dim,
well-known for his antics in the band D.O.A., wanted to mix "one
mother fucker of a cocktail" in the bathtub. Dim, when last seen,
was asking directions to the nearest Hyatt. As the commerce people
say: "Dim Turd strikes again!" Damned I'm Sick rotted away into
I a slimy hollow, waiting and waiting for Caroming Ego in her tight
1 brown dress. She never showed.
Gays and Lesbians of UBC:
ARE YOU TRYING TO GOME OUT?
DO YOU NEED SOMEONE
TO TALK TO?
You are invited to a small discussion
Group on Sexuality
8 p.m. Monday March 14
Lutheran Campus Centre Fireside Room
(Westbrooke and University Blvd.)
—Give yourself a chance before the end of term
Think what you can do
with the money
you save with IBM
on-campus prices.
Pizza for the dorm. A ski trip. Tickets to a concert.
They're all possible with the savings you*ll get with the
special on-campus prices on members of the IBIVP
Personal System/2™ family.
More important is what's possible when you use the
systems themselves.
They can help you graph economic problems. And
write and revise long papers with ease. Even illustrate
your points by combining words and ~~     ~
graphics. So your professors will draw
favorable conclusions about your work.
But remember, order your
Personal System/2 before graduation.
After that, we can't deliver
your savings. «.
BOOKSTORE
IBM Computer Fair
Mar 17 & 18
8:30am - 5:00 pm
Depletion   of  resources
concern to all Canadians
By Otto Lim
A growing public awareness
and concern over environmental
exploitation by private industries
has forced the federal government
to tighten its environmental regulations and resource laws, according to two UBC professors.
"We use resource laws like we
use criminal laws... a company is
innocent until proven guilty," said
geography professor Michael
Church.
"It's a human dilemma on a
global scale. In our society we can
afford to slow down the extraction
of resources to see the consequences, but on a global scale,
countries like India and Africa
can't afford not to exploit their
resources?
Environmental regulation
laws have in the past proven to be
of little effectiveness. Bill Rees,
professor of regional and community planning, maintains that in
the federal and provincial levels of
government "environment matters receive low priorities... the
ministry of environment have no
real  power to enforce  environ-
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Friday, Mar. 11
8:00— 12:00 p.m.
EVERYONE WELCOME
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VANCOUVER
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mental regulation laws?
"All the inter-governmental
departments such as the ministries of forestry, mining, fisheries,
etc. compete with the ministry of
environment which inhibits cooperative, quality environmental
management? he said.
Environmental regulation
laws will become increasingly
important in the years to come as
resource extraction continues at
an alarming rate in Canada.
The annual harvest of wood in
Canada has increased by more
than 50 per cent since the 1950s
and only one-fifth of harvested
areas were replanted between
1975-1980, according to a 1986
En viroment Canada report. Trees
are disappearing at a rate of 15-20
million hectares per year.
There is growing public
awareness and concern over the
abuse of the environment. In a
provincial ministry of environment survey done in 1983, nearly
50 per cent of British Columbians
supported an increase in legislation to protect the environment.
The majority of people surveyed
equated environmental concerns
with education, health, and law
enforcement.
In an Environment Canada
survey in 1985, 85 per cent of
Canadians don't believe that environmental laws should be relaxed
in order to achieve economic
growth. Over 90 per cent of Canadians believe that every major
economic project should be proven
environmentally sound before
proceeding.
The federal government introduced a new Environmental
Protection Act in 1987, pledging
37 million dollars over the next
five years to enforce environmental laws. Stiffer sentences has
been amended to the Act: up to 1
million dollars per day fines for
corporate polluters and jail terms
up to five years for executives
found responsible for violating
environmental laws.
Developed countries stand to
lose 40 per cent of remaining forests by the year 2000 as a result of
forest harvesting, land clearing
for agro-industrial projects, and a
growing demand for fuel wood and
charcoal. Harvesting methods
such as whole-tree logging and
clear-cutting leads to a decrease
in the nutrients found in the
ground and an increase in soil
erosion. At least 25 of the world's
major fishing grounds are seriously depleted due to overfishing.
In 1987 the world commission
on environment and development,
commonly known as the
Brundtland report (headed by
prime minister Oro Brundtland of
Norway) examined the increasing
depletion of the world resource
base and the resulting effect ofthe
destruction of the world ozone
layer, habitat destruction, species
extinction, soil erosion and reduced biomass (nutrient stock).
The Brundtland report states
that "many parts ofthe world are
caught in a vicious downward spiral. The planet is polluting an<f
using up its environment, making
survival ever more difficult and
uncertain?
The report goes on to recommend combining environmental
and developmental policies as a
means of preserving the economy.
One of the main goals in the
Brundtland Report is to encourage
"sustainable development? meeting the needs ofthe present without compromising the ability of
future generations to meet their
needs.
Women in Halifax
bumped from dance
HALIFAX (CUP)— Student councillors at Mount Saint Vincent
University forced the cancellation
Tuesday of a women-only dance
scheduled to celebrate International Women's Day.
"We were told by the student
union we could not have a women-
only pub night because it was
reverse discrimination? said the
chair of the university's ad hoc
IWD organizing committee, Tarel
Quandt.
But student council president
Jan Thomas denies that was the
reasoning behind the decision.
She said a policy that council-
sponsored events be open to all
students convinced councillors to
unanimously insist the party include men. The committee refused.
Thomas said council is replacing the International Women's
Day dance with its own pub night
open to all.
Only 15 per cent of the
Mount's 4100 students are male.
"Unfortunately, sadly and not
surprisingly, women celebrating
by themselves and for themselves
is a serious affront and threat to
the patriarchal values which, contrary to popular delusion, remain
staunchly in a position of supreme
power in our society," stated a letter released by the committee.
Thomas said International
Women's Day means "a time to
celebrate women...a time of sharing with everyone."
The committee cancelled a
rally planned for March 8th, because to "celebrate a rally would be
a real farce because ofthe oppressive condition that the council was
creating for us."
The rally will be replaced with
a debate between two lawyers on
the legal aspects of women-events.
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4/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 Free trade threatens daycare
By Jeff Silverstein
Child care and other Canadian social programs are threatened by the free trade agreement,
threatened because Americans
argue medicare and other Canadian social programs constitute
unfair subsidies to Canadian companies.
Americans want a "level playing field" and say such a field does
not exist if these programs are
maintained.
"If you have subsidized child
care in Canada, the free trade
agreement would look at this and
see it as an unfair subsidy and
unfair competition to the U.S corporate child care system? says
Jim Green, organizer ofthe Downtown Eastside Residents Association.
The agreement would make it
illegal to have legislation that
gives what is considered an unfair
subsidy to child care, says Green.
"I believe it (the free trade
agreement) will jeopardize all the
social institutions in Canada? he
says.
Others say free trade means
free enterprise and a decline in the
quality of social services in Canada.
"The free enterprise system is
the pillar of our society in 1988 and
it means people and their needs
and the quality of life don't really
matter? says Sue Harris, a community worker with the Downtown East Side Residents Association.
Childcare's future, like that of
many social programs, remains
unclear in a free trade world.
Mab Oloman, Director of UBC
Daycare, just returned from a conference on Women's Issues at
which free trade and child care
were discussed.
"It's an extremely complicated issue... my understanding is
that in one part ofthe agreement,
daycare is excluded. In another
part, the door is wide open, which
of course would have some complications? she says.
Child care is not included on
the list of service industries covered in the agreement. But the
chapter on the investment sector
has a clause that all service industries not mentioned have the right
to establish businesses in Canada.
But some in B.C. have thrown
their support behind the agreement. Fraser Institute assistant
director Sally Pipes says she has
not done any research into daycare
at all but thinks that daycare is a
community service that will not be
affected by the agreement.
"Daycare has a local dimension, I just don't see how daycare
would fall into the free trade
agreement. It's not relevant really. As long as it was the best care
for my child at a price I could
afford, then daycare run for profit
is OK? says Pipes.
Penny Cotes, Director of
Daycare at Simon Fraser University and vice president of the
Canadian Daycare Advocacy Association, says it's not entirely
clear what free trade holds for the
future of daycare in Canada.
"Not even the Conservative
government is sure if child care is
included in the agreement. But it's
not mentioned in some areas
which means it's included," Cotes
says.
"From my perspective, I don't
want to see profit daycare. If you
allow public monies to go to the
profit sector, then your allowing
public monies to go into someones
pockets rather than into the quality ofthe program for the children
and into staff salaries, things critical to quality? she adds.
Jean Swanson, co-ordinator
of End Legislative Poverty and co-
chair  of the  Coalition  Against
"Free" Trade, says free trade
takes away power that government has and puts pressure on
the government from the market
system.
"The   deal   is   not   about
trade...most people for free trade
are for it on a philosophical basis
because it's going to give more
power to the market system and
take it away from the government.
They want the market to rule
things not the people. Were being
managed not governed? she says.
Young anti-American protesters show their support for subsidized daycare
mandel ngan photo
The
•Chrorndes-
i
1 UNIVERSITY   OF  i
Q     D    Q    □     0
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©
LIBRA
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Delta P-j^a DeH"d {       \ *' *'  isappa
fe"^
Floyd Had a plan it guarantee
graduating at the tbpoF his class.
We're conducting examinations
all week. And you can
score big with our discounts.
IBM Exam Days start next week.
For onee. you're not the one being grilled. During IBM
Exam Days, a speeial demonstration on campus, vou can put the
new IBM Personal System/2 Model 25 to the test.
You'll get remarkable results   dazzling graphics, clever
answers to your multiple choice questions, even essay expertise.
The Model 25 with Collegiate Kit is tully prepared tor anv
examination. It comes with a generous 640KB memory, two
3.5" diskette drives and a financial aid package eveiy student
can appreciate - speeial on-campus prices, plus a mouse and lots
of software, includinu Microsoft' Windows 1.04. Write. Paint.
Cardfile and IBM DOS 3.3.
And once this test is over, vou can order a Model 25 with
Collegiate Kit from your IBM on-campus dealer. To help
improve vour own test scores.
IBM Computer Fair
,_. Mar 17 & 18
aUBS BOOKSTORE      8:30am - 5:00 pm
Microsott is a registered trademark ot the Mierosolt Corporation   IBM is a registered trademark
and Persona! Svstem 2 is a trademark ot [he International Business Maehines'Corporation
c" IBM Corporation I'M?
March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 THE      UBYSSCy
PRESENTS....
NO     FUN
IN LOVE
4     MUSICAL     BZZR
GARDEN EXPERIENCE
3.30-730P.M.
FRIDAY
MARCH 11
SUB 241K
Interested In $.f.is
mi Program?
— ceme tc Iccm 412,—i
l^ir Angus Bldg.
cn
Tuesday, March lim
12^C  1:3C
Where Prcl. Lcve,
Director of 6raduate
Program.
in the raculty of lusiness
MiD talk about the program.
Word Processing
Budget Rate for Students
$20.00/hour
Big and small jobs
One Plus One Consultants,
745 Clark Drive,
Vancouver, B.C. V5L 3J3
(604) 255-7170
MAKE MONEY
BE SOMEBODY
BE A POLL CLERK
CLERKS TO MAN POLLING STATIONS FOR
AMS DIRECTOR OF FINANCE
MARCH 24/25
Enquire/ sign up in the SAC office,
SUB 246 (AMS Executive Offices).
One computer every
student can afford.
Win me free.
During IBM Exam Days, You can put the new IBM
Personal System/2 Model 25 to the test.
You can also test your luck at winning one. Because every
qualified student who attends IBM Exam Days is eligible for the
drawing.
Getting this machine at our special student discount will
make you feel like a winner, even if you're not. The Model 25
with Collegiate Kit is packed with a big 640KB memory,
advanced graphics capabilities, a mouse, and lots of software,
including Microsoft® Windows 1.04^ Write, Paint, Cardfile and
IBM DOS 3.3.
So give the Model 25 a close examination during IBM
Exam Days. It's one exam you can't afford to miss.
1^j
IBM Computer Fair
mt BOOKSTORE      8:30am^00&pm
Socreds dazzled by jobs
By R.D. Shore
"Our real need is jobs. ...by lifting the moratorium on uranium
mining the B.C. government is
looking to the future? Lyall Hanson, Socred MLA for Okanagan
North, wrote in a Vernon newspaper.
But are more jobs the future of
uranium mining in B.C.? Saskatchewan is one of the world's
biggest uranium producers and
has recently undergone a billion
dollar industry expansion with no
appreciable increases in the employment situation, according to a
pamphlet from the International
Congress on Uranium mining.
Additionally, the cost of "environmentally safe" uranium mining in Saskatchewan requires
massive government subsidies
which are a major drain on other
job creation programs.
In spite of these subsidies, radioactive substances have spilled
at Saskatchewan mine sites.
B.C.'s best mine prospects are in
populated regions of the Okanagan and central interior: an
accident would be deadly.
It appears that some Socreds
such as energy, mines and resources minister Jack Davis, and
Lyall Hanson are willing to risk a
* future of serious environmental
damage for short- term economic
gains. Norcen Resources, a major
Microsoft is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation. IBM is a registered trademark
and Personal System/2 ia a trademark of the International Business Machines Corporation.
© IBM Corporation 1987
interest holder in B.C. uranium,
said that the province's biggest
deposit will only last ten years.
The government should also
be askingitself if the people of B.C.
want be a part ofthe international
uranium market. Canadian uranium has already been used in the
production of nuclear warheads in
the Soviet Union, the United
States, India and Great Britain.
Many  third  world  nations,
such as Argentina and South Korea, have aquired nuclear technology and resources from Canada
which could be used to produce
atomic weapons according to
Calvin Sandborn, staff council for
the Westcoast Environmental
Law Association. India, for example, has used Canadian nuclear
technology to produce atomic
weapons.
The hazards associated with
maintaining thousands of nuclear
warheads in so many different,
and often unstable, countries are
obvious. Accidental or fanatically
motivated detonation of a nuclear
device isa distinct possibly in such
countries.
The future of B.C. uranium
could also lie in peaceful atomic
energy, the production of pluto
nium reactor fuel. But even in the
hands of experts, nuclear power is
much too dangerous to be considered a viable alternative power
source.
Recent and past disasters at
Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and
earlier in Great Britain and Sweden, have tragically highlighted
our inability to safely harness
nuclear energy.
Technological advances in
safety will only make such tragedies less frequent.    The risk of
nuclear accidents cannot be completely eliminated.
Perhaps the future jobs our
government dreams about should
be sought in the development of
safer renewable energy sources.
Instead of wailing about our
increasing energy needs and the
inevitability of nuclear power,
Canadians should be aiming to
develop technology combining solar power and advanced battery
energy storage to drastically reduce individual homes' need for
commercially produced electric-
ity.
If the government really has
the commitment to high-tech industry that it claims then it should
plan a long-term stategy to take
advantage of renewable energy
markets of the future instead of
concentrating on short-term
money grabbing.
Victory continues to elude
Lubicons in battle with feds
By Nona Biro
While 150 people marched in
support of the Lubicon, the Japanese lumber company planning to
build a mill on contested land
north of Edmonton promised the
Lubicon to forgo logging pending a
land claim settlement.
Vancouver representatives of
the Japanese Daishowa firm met
Monday with Bernard Ominayak,
chief of the Lubicon band, and
agreed to recognise the legitimacy
ofthe Indians claim.
While the company will not
log the land which is within the
traditional hunting and trapping
grounds of the band, they will go
ahead with construction of a pulp
mill at Peace River.
Daishowa officials said that
they would use their influence to
put pressure on federal and Alberta governments to settle the 50
year old treaty.
Failing a forthcoming settle
ment with the two governments,
Daishowa will conduct negotiations with the Lubicon directly
before making any decisions about
areas to be logged.
B.C. native leaders were quick to
praise the Japanese company at a
forum at Robson Square Media
Center. Ron George, president of
United Native Nations told the
packed theater, "I pay tribute to
them (Daishowa) for setting the
new dimensions for being good
corporate citizens in Canada?
Bernard Ominayak told his
supporters at the same forum that
"these are ways we're going to
have to start dealing with the
interests that are out there, so
they don't just walk in on us. Governments have used these companies in the past to undermine us."
Alberta premier Don Getty
and Alberta minister of forests,
lands and wildlife, LeRoy Fjord-
batten,  announced  February  8,
their approval for the 500 million
dollar pulp mill, along with forestry management rights to
29,008 square kilometers of territory to the Daishowa company.
This territory overlaps the traditional hunting and trapping lands
of the Lubicon band. Along with
provincial approval, the government is contributing 65 million
dollars to the project.
Bill McKnight, federal minister of Indian affairs and northern
development, and responsible for
the Tories' Western Diversification Program, has allocated 9.5
million dollars towards the Daishowa development.
Two weeks after the Daishowa announcement, the two governments proposed a settlement of
66 square kilometers and 500,000
dollars to the Lubicon band, which
Ominayak flatly refused.
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS
for A.M.S.
Executive Position
Director of Finance
Close of Nominations:
4:00 pm, Tuesday, March 15th
Nomination forms can be obtained and then returned to the A.M.S.
Administrative Assistant, SUB 238.
6/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 UBC foils union bid
By Tim McGrady
The English Language Institute Instructors Association (ELI-
SIA) at UBC is locked in a bitter
struggle with the UBC administration. The university is resisting ELISIA's efforts to gain the
formal recognition it needs to bargain with the administration for
job security, wages and benefits.
UBC claims it is not willing to
negotiate with a union made up
simply of English Language Institute instructors. "Our position is
that if there is to be a union, it
should be a representative union
that encompasses all language
instructors? said UBC president,
David Strangway.
The issue was fought at the
Industrial Relations Council [a
quasi-judicial body which adjudicates such disputes] over ELISIA's
definition of a "bargaining unit?
or simply, who they are representing. David Reynolds, of the College-Institute Educators Association, who is representing ELISIA,
calls this battle a red-herring.
"Employers just can't go to the
Industrial Relations Council and
say [they] don't want unions?
Reynolds said, and so they use the
bargaining unit definition issue
"as a smokescreen to achieve
things on their real agenda."
He said "that for UBC to be
using the IRC in the way that it is
would not be accepted by most
people in this province."
The IRC held a hearing in
November to examine the bargaining unit defintion put forth by
ELISIA, which was that the unit
consist solely of English Language
Institute instructors. In its decision, a month later, the IRC rejected their claim on the grounds
that it was not broad enough.
At the hearing, James Dybikowski, UBC associate vice
president of faculty relations, testified that an acceptable unit could
consist of "all of the teachers of
languages at the Centre" [for
Continuing Education, which includes ELISIA instructors].
Two weeks ago, Reynolds sent
Analysis
a letter to the administration revising ELISIA's bargaining unit
definition to comply with the one
suggested by Dybikowski at the
hearing. The letter reads, "The
union represents a majority ofthe
ESL and French and Foreign
Language teachers at the Centre
for Continuing Education. I am
therefore requesting that the University recognize the Union as the
bargaining agent. .. ?
Strangway denied that the
letter reflected ELISIA's acceptance of UBC's position on the
bargaining unit. "I've never received a letter that says that? he
said. When shown a copy of the
letter, however, he said, "Its clear
that the link is there."
Peter Miller, president of
ELISIA, says he is at a loss to
explain UBC's resistance to certification. "They're not union bashers because there are unions all
over campus." But he said that the
administration has "made this
bunch of teachers [ELISIA] militant."
ELISLAfeelsaunion will help
achieve job security and wage and
other benefits. Institute instructors'contracts last for, at the most,
about eight months. After each
contract  they  must,  effectively,
reapply and "no benefits are paid
to them between decisions? according to the IRC decision.
A hiring preference (HP) list
exists which, Miller says, "is an
informal understanding between
teachers and coordinators that
people working for the longest
time get to teach courses they
want." But he stresses that there
"is no legal basis" for any job security that the HP list might provide.
When asked how it would affect his functions as president to
work under the same short term
contract, Strangway said the analogy can't be made because "the
university is going to be here for a
long time" and the Center "is very
much dependent on the law of
supply and demand." He said the
ESL program is "by its very nature
a transient activity."
The English Language programs at the Center are run, the
IRC decision explains, on a "cost-
recovery basis" by which the Center must "at least break even financially."
On the wage issue, Miller
says that English Language instructors at community colleges
with comparable workloads,
qualifications and schedules earn
substantially more than their
UBC counterparts. A representative of the Council of Educators
says college instructors' wages
amount to roughly double that of
UBC instructors.
Thomas Roper, UBC legal
counsel, and two ofthe three senior UBC administration members
contacted by the Ubyssey, including Dybikowski, refused to discuss
or comment on the substantive
issues ofthe case.
President Strangway, asked
how the administration will pro-
Valiant students resist runaway fee increases
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coed, said, ''"When you're in negotiations, you don't pi ay it out in the
press.
I know its being portrayed as
an anti-union thing." Claiming
that he wasn't worried about appearing anti-union, Strangway
said, "We have to decide whats in
the best interests of UBC."
RED LEAF
Restaurant
Luncheon Smorgasbord
Authentic Chinese Cuisine
2S8-9TI4
10% DISCOUNT ON
PICK UP ORDERS
LICENSED PREMISES
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-9:00 p.m.
CLOSEO SATURDAYS
Sundays and Holidays
4:00 p m. 9 p.m.
2142 Waillrn Parkway
UBC Village
Opposite Chevron Station
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Try our New
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Add Coleslaw — $3.00
— Mon. — Fri. 11:30 — 2:30 -
The Mbijsseij needs
photographers, writers, dud
production people.
Come to SUB 24IK soon.
Sometimes good looks
can improve your grades.
Otten the best wav to illustrate vour point is with an
illustration
I. '-.int. the IBM Personal System/. Model 25 with Collegiate
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With the special Model 25 Collegiate package, vou get lots
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When vou've got the Mi Kiel 25 with Collegiate Kit. vour
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BOOKSTORE
IBM Computer Fair
Mar 17 & 18
8:30am - 5:00 pm
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jnd Plt .onjl S\skm -1 i . -i trademark oi ;h. international Hu-ule .s Machine. Corporation
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March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 It's SOS heavy. |f
WHAT IS
0
TheUbj
paveme
that im]
8/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 IT"
LIKE?
photos by
Michael Folkes,
Thomas Wallner
ssey hits the
it to ask students
>ortant question
It's massive.
March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/9 Thinking of Teaching':
The University of British Columbia invites applications to
its teacher education programs for September 1988.
All programs feature
• short blocks and a full term of teaching practice
■ effective communication skills
classroom management strategies
• providing for students with special needs
Elementary teaching applicants completing third year or a
degree enter the 4-term B.Ed, program for primary (K-3)
or intermediate (4-7) teaching.
Secondary teaching applicants completing a Bachelor's degree
with strength in one or two subjects enter a 12-month program
leading to teacher certification: an additional summer session
completes the B.Ed.
Those wishing to discuss admission or program details
or application procedures should consult an advisor in the
Teacher Education Office, Scarfe 103, UB.C. campus.
Information and Applications now available from:
Teacher Education Office,
Faculty of Education,
The University of British Columbia,
2125 Main Mall,
Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z5
(604) 228-5221 (messages: 24 hours)
JjKjg
THE
UNIVERSITY OF
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
rani
m
fjj
— APPLICATIONS
- NOW AVAILABLE -
For the Position of
JOBLINK COORDINATOR
Resumes Required With
Applications
Deadline for Resumes
Applications
Friday, March 25th
4:00 p.m.
Applications
Available from
SUB 238
J lyall photo
Aspiring accountant practices sitting on the fence before plunging into his new career.
Caldicott returns to Canada
By James Young
VANCOUVER (CUP) — Starting
April 8, Canadian students will
have an opportunity to see the
woman who is probably the
world's most famous peace activist.
Dr. Helen Caldicott is returning to Canada to promote the
Canadian Peace Pledge Campaign, which aims to make defence
policy a major issue in the next
federal election.
Caldicott, an inspiring
speaker who can move her audience from laughter to tears and
back again, has awakened many
listeners to the threat of nuclear
war and the need to work for
human survival.
"Our generation was born for
one reason? Caldicott says. "We
were born to save the world."
During her upcoming tour,
organized by the 375 member
Canadian Peace Alliance , Caldicott will offer her advice on "making Canada a world leader for
peace?
Caldicott will be in Victoria,
April 8 (Tel.384-1930).
An activist since 1971, Caldicott campaigned against French
nuclear testing in the South Pacific and uranium mining in Australia.
In 1980, she gave up her position on the faculty of Harvard
medical school to found Physicians for Social Responsibility, a
group which later received the
Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1982, she gained stardom
and notoriety in the Canadian film
"If you love this planet." A National Film Board release, the film
won an academy award as the
year's best short documentary.
The U.S. state department
did not share the academy's enthusiasm, however, and labelled
the film "propaganda of a foreign
agent."
The author of "Nuclear Madness" and "Missile Envy? Caldicott says she experienced "a state
of clinical shock" after a 75 minute
interview with U.S. president
Reagan in 1982.
In 1984, during the U.S. presidential elections, she sold her
home to take to the road and continue her pubilc education on the
dangers of nuclear war and alternative strategies which would foster world peace.
She continues those efforts
today.
COMMUNITY
SPORTS
3355 W. Broadway
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The University of British Columbia
ENGLISH COMPOSITION   TEST
FRIDAY, MARCH     18th,   1988
From 6:00 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.
The following students are eligible for this writing of the ECT:
1. Students currently enrolled in English 100.
2. Students currently enrolled at U.B.C. or enrolled in previous years who have
credit for English 100 or equivalent.
All students must have a fee-paid sticker ($10).  A Library/AMS card or similar
I.D. will be required for purchase.
Fee paid stickers ($10) obtainable at the Department of Finance (3rd floor, Administration Building).
Students will be admitted into the examination room starting at 5:45 p.m. An
identification card will be required for admittance.  (See the list below for
rooms assigned according to student surname.)
AAA—BZZ
ANGUS 104
KPA—-LIM
GEOG100
CAA—CZZ
ANGUS 110
LIN—OLZ
HEBB TH
DAA—DZZ
BIOL 2000
OMA—SCH
HENN 200
EAA—GZZ
BUCH Al 06
SCI—TON
MATH 100
HAA—JAI
CPSC 200
TOO—WON
SCRF100
JAJ—KOZ
CPSC 201
WOO—ZZZ
WOOD 4
DICTIONARIES PERMITTED
STUDENTS MUST BRING UBC IDENTIFICATION WITH THEM TO THE
TEST AND MUST WRITE IN ROOMS ASSIGNED BY THE REGISTRAR.
Results for this examination will be available from Faculty Offices in early
May. The next writing ofthe ECT will be Friday eve'iirvj, July 15,1988, 7:00 -
9:30 p.m. (students should consult the University Calendar for promotion and
graduation requirements.)
10/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 Superior Service
But material is just too rich
By John Gray
Along time ago Beruit was
once a beautiful city that
catered to the rich of the middle
east. A place where you could
snow ski in the mountains in the
morning and water-ski in the
Mediterranean in the afternoon.
THEATRE
Service
The Waterfront Theatre
March 4 — 26
"When the marines landed
here in '58 they were greeted by
people drinking Daiquiris on the
beach. They invaded a beach
party? says David, one of the
characters in Service, a new play
by Vancouver playwright Steve
Petch about personal and professional betrayal in the Canadian
foreign service in 1967 Beruit.
The play opens at a Bon
Voyage party for Margaret
(Donna Carroll White), one of the
diplomat's wives. Also attending
is her best friend Liz (Brenda
Robins), whose husband works
for the consulate too. The easy
talk between the charming and
bubbly British Margaret and the
oh-so-Canadian Liz quickly
draws us into the play.
Next to arrive is Liz's husband David (John Dolan), a man
who drinks to deaden the
feelings from a consulate job that
"makes you care too much, then
makes you cynical."
Then there is Margaret's
husband Michael (Hardee T.
Lineham) who tries desperately
not to buy into David's cynicism.
With his idealism he counters
David's views that the only job of
the Canadian foreign service is
"Fagging for the Americans in
their megalomanic adventure",
and that the only function of the
Canadian Secret Service is a
perpetual witch hunt for "sexual
and political undesirables". He
arrives with the young and
attractive Quebecois accountant,
Sylvie (Brenda Pennock) sent to
audit the Consulate.
Service combines well the
agony of idealism soured and the
drama of betrayal, with a great
deal of witty dialogue and an
almost bedroom farce tone that
moves the play along quickly.
The actors exploit their material
to its fullest and all give good
performances under the tight
direction of Pamela Hawthorn.
The play's only fault is that
its material is just too rich.
There is hardly enough time to
create anything deeper than
thumbnail sketches of most of
the characters; we never get
more than a glimpse of their
motivations. We want more
insight into Margaret's casual
contemplation of leaving her
wedding ring at home while on
vacation from her husband, and
into Michael's quickly deteriorating idealism and his final battle
not to be consumed by David's
cynicism. Also, the play's two
hour format doesn't leave enough
time to complete the connection
between the characters' sexual
betrayal and their proffessional
betrayal.
But in the end, Service
makes its point clearly and we
are still left with something to
think about after the curtain
goes down.
SQUEEZE, tamed by time
By Ann Rogers
"S
queeze sucks, man? this
scary-looking teenaged
girl snarled at us on the bus,
overhearing where we had been.
She pointed her hair across the
aisle to another teenager and
said defiantly, "We like metal."
Smiling indulgently at the heavy
metal nymphets I said, "Oh,
really? Gee, when I was your
age, going to a Squeeze concert
would have been unspeakably
cool. Those halycon days of New
Wave, where have they gone?"
MUSIC
Squeeze
The Orpheum
February 28
I sighed, transported in my
memory to a time and place far
in the past where the guys all
wore skinny ties and irridescent
sharkskin suits and you just
couldn't go anywhere without
hearing some of that postpunk
skaflavoured pop.
"You kids ever heard of Joe
Jackson?" I asked. Glassy-eyed,
they shook their heads.
"Too bad. Well, Squeeze was
really hip back then. They didn't
even have a hit North American
single. They were clever, charming, the critics' darlings, destined
for stardom ... and then, in the
grandest of pop traditions, they
broke up."
By this time the nymphets,
having found a punk rocker to
torment, were ignoring me. But
the Squeeze story continues. Six
years later, they've resurfaced
with the original line-up more or
less intact and a new album,
Babylon and On, climbing the
charts. The years have not
diminished the significant song
writing talents of Chris Difford
and Glenn Tilbrook. But they
have lost their freshness, their
revolutionary clout. They are a
mainstream band now and as a
result sound rather, well, dated.
It was therefore fitting that
this Squeeze comeback was held
in the guilded stodginess ofthe
Orpheum where ex-teenagers
hke myself could enjoy the music
without suffering from the
juvenile need to rush the stage
and have Jools Holland sweat on
me. Nope, instead I sat back in
the comfort and privacy of my
own plush seat and allowed
Squeeze to ooze pleasantly into
my ears.
Instead of playing the new
album in its entirety, they played
lots of old stuff for those of us
growing long in the tooth.
Conspicuous by their absence,
however, were Squeeze anthems
hke Up the Junction and Cool for
Cats, that Difford used to sing
lead vocals on. He was consigned to guitar, whereas Jools
Holland, who carved out a post-
Squeeze career for himself as a
British pop eccentric, put on a
show of his own. He shunned
the peg-legged patent shoe look
of Difford and Tilbrook and
hopped around on stage looking
like an Amish gangster. He even
performed a few songs himself,
which were rather pedestrian R
& B numbers. Jools is such a
showbiz personality in his own
right that he is no longer content
to sit behind the piano.
Sound was a problem
throughout the evening.
Tilbrook's smooth, angstful voice
was often buried under the twin
guitars and rhythym section
which was a sham, because if
Squeeze is known for anything,
ifs their great lyrics. Holland's
piano was also overwhelmed and
new keyboardist Andy Metcalfe
may as well have stayed in the
hotel to watch Superchannel for
all the good he did.
Still, none of this prevented
the audience from showing genuine enthusiasm about jumping
up and down 62 times as the
band played the same power-
chord 62 times. As audience
participation games go, this one
was pretty silly. But 1800 people
jumping up and down in the
Orpheum says a lot about
Squeeze. They aren't all that
cool anymore, but they're still
kinda fun.
UBC Cycling Club
presents
Maintenance
&
Racing Clinic
1 —5 p.m.
Sat. Mar. 12
featuring Scott Gougen
of Canada B Team,
Cat. 1 Rider
Tix:    $5 members
$10 non-members
North Plaza Lower Level SUB.
For more info & tix:
Rm 241E SUB.
or call Jim at 274-1038
Hillel House Presents
"THE WEST BANK TODAY:
HISTORY AND ETHICS"
a Talk by Harvey Chisick
History Professor at Haifa University, Israel
JL Discussion To Follow
A      '     A    Tuesday March 15, 12:30 pm
^C*vr*AVAVW■
sfls
A
At Hillel House (behind Brock hall)
LUNCH SERVED FROM 12 NOON
COME EARLY!
For more information: 224-4748
The Ubyssey and The Latin American Solidarity Committee present:
12;30p.m. friday, March'11, SUB 212
BoathousE
THE BOATHOUSE
EDGE...
Our people
We are looking for people who are outgoing, energetic
and enthusiastic. People who want flexible, part-
time hours, along with the opportunity to make money
and meet others ofthe same age and interests.
Please Apply in Person
At the Boathouse on Cardero, downtown
566 Cardero
Monday — Wednesday, March 14,15,16
From 3:00 pm — 6:00 pm
The Sharp Advantage
Sharp 4500 Series
LAP TOP Computers
The Perfect
Classroom Aide!
r Features
Rechargable Battery
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High Speed Processing
78-Key Keyboard with
integrated neumeric
keyboard
Options	
• PC/XT Compatible
• Internal 1200 baud
Modem
• Expandable memory
to 640 K
• Dual Disk Drive
at our special low low price of
$995.00
LESS 10% WITH STUDENT CARD
Contact Brent @ 876-4141
C*O P V PRO    Business Systems Ltd
v-'^'r  ■ '   "^s        222 W. Broadway
Break away...
and come on down to UBC's closest
off-campus neighborhood pub! The
atmosphere is casual, the service
excellent and friendly. Enjoy a
round of darts or a pinball game
or simply relax in front of our
TSN screens.
Serving UBC students for
the last decade and still ,
going strong. c
3681 West Fourth Avenue at Alma
Vancouver, B.C.
734-1205
THE BEST DEAL IN TOWN!
FREE GOURMET BURGER
(APPLIES ONLY TO BEEF OR TQFU)
OR ENTREE
WITH THE PURCHASE OF ONE
OF EQUAL OR GREATER VALUE.
Not valid with other coupon. Present coupon prior to ordering. Dining in only.
TO:
FROM:
TCE-X-C-E • L-L-E-N *T) *. r
H E    EAT E RY
Valid only wiih customer's signature
3431 W. Broadway ♦ 738-5298
March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/11 The University of British Columbia
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
A ri_EA IN HER EAR
by Georges Feydeau
A Naughty, Hilarious French Farce
March 9 — 19
Special Previews — March 9 & 10
2 for the price of 1 regular admission
Curtain: 8 p.m.
Thurs. Matinee — March 17 @ 12:30 p.m.
BOX OFFICE * FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE * Room 207
Support Your Campus Theatre
i— Office for Women Students —i
Presents:
How to pass the
English Comp Test
FREE WORKSHOP
Thursday, March 17th
12:30 — 1:30 pm Buchanan B 212
A Graduate Program In
Resources
And The Environment
Are you interested in doing a Master's Degree in
Resources and the Environment? Do you have a
particular thesis topic in mind? Is this topic interdisciplinary so that it doesn't seem to fit conveniently into a conventional academic program? If
you answered "yes" to all these questions, then
the Resources and the Environment Program at
The University of Calgary may be right for you.
The Committee on Resources and the Environment offers graduate work leading to M.Sc. and
M.A. research degrees.
Areas of special interest include:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
resource management
resource depletion
resource alternatives
environmental quality
environmental awareness
(f) environmental ethics
(g) environmental policy
(h) impact assessment
For more information write to:
Dr. W.A. Ross
Chairman, CRE
Faculty of Enviromental Design
The University of Calgary
2500 University Drive N.W.
Calgary, Alberta
T2N 1N4
OR CALL:
(403) 220-7209
Yuppie reggae
Mickey Mouse replaces tie^
dyedcreations
By Roseanne Fryall
It was a first for Vancouver -
yuppie reggae from Paris.
Alpha Blondy bounded onstage in his
squeaky clean Mickey Mouse shirt, trendy
leather baseball cap, and acid washed jeans,
looking like an aging Beastie Boys fan. Only
the armchair Rastafarians in the crowd and
the thick ganga fumes suggested reggae.
But hey, man, when the
band started to play everyone
knew this was the real thing.
I MUSIC
I Alpha Blondy
! The Commodore Ballroom
Tuesday March 8
Within seconds Alpha and
the Solar System transformed a
calm and collected Vancouver
crowd into a pulsating mass of
reggae revellers. Their distinctive mix of West African rhythms
and Jamaican instrumentation
carried the mood late into the
night.
Still, the music didn't have
the hard-driving revolutionary message Bob
Marley and the Wailers brought to North
America when they first popularized reggae
music in the seventies. Alpha lectured the
crowd on African politics: "Kalashnikovs (AK-
47s) are not the way to build Africa." Isn't that
a bit simplistic and misleading, Alpha?
He got even more serious: "I say to my
brother Africans, be moderate, not fanatic."
Maybe that's the way to go, Alpha, but what is
moderate and fanatic in African terms?
But where the politics were questionable,
the music was not. From Jerusalem to America
Break the Neck of this Apartheid, Alpha and
friends delivered high quality stuff.
Solid winds, an experienced rhythm
section, and those good vibrations from a very
Rasta bass man combined with Alpha's multilingual delivery. Even with impossibly tight
jeans, the man could really glide through the
tunes.
Marley it wasn't. But what can you expect,
it's the eighties. Alpha would be the first to
admit that.
The British Columbia Teachers' Federation
Has Declared
 Vancouver Island West	
School District
In Dispute
And
ll
Hot"
Due to a bargaining dispute in which the board is attempting to strip the teachers' contract of seniority/severance rights, personnel practices protection and
previous legislative guarantees. Therefore the federation requests that no one seek or accept a teaching position in the district.
I    For further information contact the BCTF, 2235 Burrard Street,
I Vancouver, B.C., V6J 3H9  1
BC TeachersL^cJeration
12/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 Out with Fearing
Challenging musical stereotypes
By Ann Rogers
A gust of wind blows
Stephen Fearing into The
Aristocratic Cafe. He lights a
cigarette, orders corned beef on
rye, takes a second to compose
his thoughts and then burns
INTERVIEW
Stephen Fearing
Folksinger
with an affable intensity for the
next hour. Initially, talking to
him is a bit frustrating; although
relaxed, he
seems determined to avoid
giving a
straight
answer. His
conversation is
peppered with
qualifications
and contradictory phrases:
"songwritng is
a long slow
process which
sometimes goes
very quickly;
the welfare system is bad, but
we're lucky we
have it."
But ambiguity is what
Stephen
Fearing is all
about, and his
intensity is
derived from a
strong sense of
purpose, a clear
vision of what
he is doing and
why. He is out
to challenge
people's preconceptions, to
explode
stereotypes
within music,
about music
and about life
itself.
"If people are willing to take a
risk with their ears? he says, "if
you can convince them that it's
valid and they should listen,
then you can have a good time."
Fearing is elusive because he
does not want to be categorized
and dismissed.
"The whole thing is
to bring folk music
kicking and scream-
ing into the 1980s/'
His first album, Out To Sea,
has just been released (it will be
launched officially tonight with a
concert at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre) and he hopes
that people will have difficulty
labelling it.
Although assisted by the likes
of Spirit of the West and Connie
Kaldor, Fearing says "we've deliberately tried to make the cover
look different, so people won't
say 'Ah, that's a folkie album—
you know, campfire tunes of the
west coast.' The whole thing is to
bring folk music kicking and
screaming into the 1980s."
He credits bands like The
Pogues with doing much to convince people that "it doesn't matter if you're playing an accordion
on stage, the instruments don't
matter. You can still stomp
around."
roanr
Although the album is said to
be political in tone, the songs are
about the politics of existence,
not just general issues.
"What the hell is a love song?"
Fearing asks rhetorically. "I
don't think you can avoid
politics, it should not just be the
arena of the newspapers. It
should be sung about in an
intelligent, symapthetic way, not
just 'we hate the Government'
but 'why?'"
Fearing's greatest talent lies
in taking such well-worn themes
as poverty and nuclear war and
writing about them with the
acuteness of personal experience.
Having experienced the poverty
of life on welfare in Vancouver's
east end he penned a song which
begins, "On Welfare Wednesday
money floats to the scavengers
below/just enough to keep you
moving, pulled down by the
current's filthy undertow."
shadow pictures on Vancouver
sidewalks inspired another
album cut, August 6th and 9th.
Vancouver born, Fearing
spent many of his formative
years in Ireland. He headed to
the States where he gained his
first experience performing at a
place called The Malt Shop. A
dishwasher by day, he finished
his shift, changed his clothes and
climbed on stage with his guitar,
where he competed with the
of three giant malt
machines
for his
audience's
attention.
He eventually returned to
B.C. where
for the past
few years
he has
struggled to
make a
name for
himself and
his music,
and has
finally met
with some
success.
A
veteran solo
performer
at the age of
24, Fearing
is very
aware of the
connection
between
audience      j
and !
performer    j
and his live
gigs are
perhaps the
best place to
become
acquainted
with him.
"I love to
get up in
front of, say, a rock band? he
explains. "It can be horrible,
utterly depressing, but it can be
fun. It's not the volume of the
"What the hell is a
love song?"
music, after all, it's the intensity,
the energy. You can surprise
people?
With the exposure that |
comes from having a full time       j
manager, a record label, a
publicist and a tour, Stephen will j
have ample opportunity to
surprise people in the coming        !
weeks: a challenge he obviously
relishes. So if you're feeling at all
inclined to risk your ears, head
down to the Cultch tonight.
Fearing is a pretty safe bet. ,
R.I.P.
At the pinnacle of an illustrious
career Divine is dead, of asphyxiation in his sleep. The 300
plus pound actor, who can be
seen in the new movie Hairspray, was best known for
things he ate in a number of
John Waters' cult movies,
including Pink Flamengos,
Female Trouble, Polyester and
Lust in the Dust. He first appeared in a male role in 1985 in
Allen Rudolph's Trouble in
Mind when his career began its
climb into the mainstream. The
man with no taste but lots of
talent will leave shoes (and
dresses) impossible to fill.
:The Ubyssey presents    an afternoon OF MUSIC AND SICK LAUGHS
N
C
flN
I
N
LCVE
An
I \li<i4i<lin<iiv
Bzzr Garden
SUB 241K
3:30-7:30 P.M.
Friday March II
CALL FOR
APPLICATIONS
A.M.S. Summer Project Coordinators
The Alma Mater Society is now receiving applications from students interested in employment as
summer project coordinators. These positions
involve working for the A.M.S. on specific projects as determined by the A.M.S. Hiring Committee. In the past, projects have included the
A.M.S. Used Bookstore, High School Orientation
activities and the A.M.S. Tuition Fee Lottery. The
complete list of projects will be presented to
candidates during interviews. Candidates have
a greater chance of being hired if they have
submitted a summer project proposal.
The successful candidates will:
• be returning full-time U.B.C. students
• have had previous responsibility for staff
or budgets
• will be self motivated
• have the ability to work independently
• be able to work well with others and
communicate effectively
Experience in marketing or public relations;
knowledge of the A.M.S., its operations and services; and supervisory or managerial experience
would be assets.
Period of employment will be a minimum of 12
weeks.
Applications can be obtained from and returned
with current resume to the A.M.S. Administrative
Assistant in S.U.B. 238.
Deadline For Applications:
 March 25th, 1988 at 4:00 pm	
March 11,1988
THE UBYSSEY/13 VArWW
Orgasmically
speaking
Orgasm: n., violent excitement, rage,
paroxysm; culmination of sexual excitement
esp. in coition.
For men, sex without orgasm is a disappointment. For many women, heterosexual
intercourse with orgasm is a rarity.
Many women are capable of orgasm only
if they are assertive enough to teach their
sexual partners what pleases them. However, instead of worrying about pleasing
themselves, most women are more concerned about bringing their male partner to
climax. If their partner doesn't ejaculate, a
woman's self image can plummet. Lack of female orgasm is not necessarily the fault of
the man in the relationship but the fault of a
society that has taught women to be passive.
The orgasm is an intimate microcosm of
the position of women in society as a whole.
Through society's insistence that women be
passive, women are not only denied the ultimate sexual pleasure, but they are denied
the pleasures and achievements that result
from assertiveness. Men are rewarded for
speaking out, for expressing their views and
for acting rather than observing. (They get to
orgasm.)
Women too, can receive this reward, but
only at the risk of sacrificing their femininity. The closer a woman is to reaching a
position of power (ie. "on top") the further she
is from maintaining society's perception of
an ideal woman. (Only Jane Fonda can do
both and even she's considered a bitch.)
It is true that both men and women are
concerned with their physical self-image but
the media influences the self-image of
women to the point of their own self-destruction. Anorexia nervosa, a condition where
people starve themselves to the point of severe emaciation to look thin, is exclusive
almost only to women.
The feminine image that women feel a
need to live up to is wrecking their sex.
Assertiveness and achievement shouldn't
make a woman less feminine - they should
breed equality.
THE UBYSSEY
March 1,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
throughout the academic year by the Alma Mater Society
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those of the staff and not necessarily those ofthe
university administration, or of the sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press. The
editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977.
If Michael Folkes hadn't known better he could have
sworn that Jennifer Lyall and Steven Scrimshaw
were engaged in inverse osculation with Otto Lim,
the squeaky Ross McLaren, and Katherine Monk
acting as judges awarding points for physical endurance and artistic impression. "It's a three point must
system? screamed Tim McGrady and Ilona Biro at
a twitching and convulsive R.D. Shore ."If that's art
then we're a Central American guerilla army?
shouted James Young, Jeff Silverstein, Peter Craig
and wee wee Peter Francis in a tartan flavoured four
part harmony. "If you don't like it, don't taste
us?sang Chrises Dodd and Wiesenger as they dove
into the sweaty throng. Deanne Fisher and Mandel
Ngan suddenly became fearful and called the police
only to be arrested for crimes of fashion. Chris
Fraser, Gordon Clark, Allison Felker, and Martin
Dawes groggily pulled their ink-stained bodies from
the pulsating mass only to be freshly accosted by the
wild eyed and rubber limbed Kyoko Oka, Alan
Goldman, John Gray and Thomas Walher each
brandishing contact cement and burlap lingerie.
Seen picketing nude and uttering anti-feminist
dogma nearby were Kevin Harris, Ann Rogers, Alex
Johnson and Roger Kanno.
production:
R.D. Shora
city daak:
Corinna BJorfo
faaturaa:
RoaaMcLaran
antartalnmant:
Laura Buahalkln
aporta:
Victor Chaw Won*
Letters
Duck defender
says Daffy
| caption daft
This   is   an   academic
| point at best, but the duck
pictured on page 5 of your
March 8 issue is clearly a
; female mallard.   The cap-
; tion beneath the photo in-
; correctly tags the bird with
| the male moniker of "Daffy".
J.B. Hohm
Arts 3
Sorry — the person responsible
has been beaten with a rubber
hose and sent to a gender determination   seminar   in   Mail-
lardville. -ed.
Fetus
autonomous,
claims reader
I would like to encourage Gwyn Cathyl (Mar. 4) to
be brave enough to go one
step further with the moral
issue at stake: pregnant
women's continued perception of their unborn sons' or
daughters' bodies as property.
Tracy Conlin
Agriculture 4
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published. Please be concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes. Please bring
them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
Tribal council corrects student's allegations
I am writing to correct
some allegations about our
aboriginal title case made
by Alex Doll in his letter
published in the Feb.17
Ubyssey. TheGitskanand
Wet'suwet'en hereditary
chiefs are presently asking
the Supreme Court of B.C.
to confirm their ownership
and jurisdiction over
22,000 square miles of
northwestern B.C.
Mr. Doll said that the
federal government had offered a cash settlement for
the land and that I had put a
three trillion dollar price on
thedeal. Neither statement
is true. Witness after witness in the trial of our case
has emphatically said that
they want the government
off their land, not a monetary payoff. In addition, I
have publicly said that it is
pointless to discuss cash
settlements   because   the
provincial and federal governments could never afford the true value of the
land even using their own
criteria.
Like many judges,
lawyers, and politicians,
Mr Doll has not yet learned
to listen to what we say.
Gitksan-wet'sirwet'en
Tribal Council |
Don Ryan,
President
Thirgood updates stats
In my March 4th reaction to Dr. David Suzuki's
talk I contrasted the staff
levels of the B.C. and U.S.
Forest Services. I have been
taken to task by one of my
colleagues for understating
the staffing ofthe USFS. To
set the record straight, the
most recent (1986) figures
are 33,000 permanent and
15,000 temporary employees, with a cadre of 5,500
professional foresters. Additionally the USFS has 300
soil scientists, 240 landscapes architects, 240 hy-
drologists, 500 wildlife biologists and 130 fishery biologists.
These figures only
serve to throw into greater
relief the different leagues
in which BC and American
public service foresters
operate.
J.V. Thirgood
Professor
Promo participants thanked
On behalf of the School
and College Liaison Office, I
would like to thank those
students, faculty, and staff
who took part in the photo
session for our promotional
poster of Thursday, March
3,1988.
The poster, which we
expect to be ready in about
one month, will be distributed to secondary schools
and colleges in the province.
The poster will feature the
students, faculty and staff
who comprise the UBC
community.
We regret that not everyone who was photographed will appear in the
poster. However, we will be
sending those who participated a copy when it is
ready.
Martin Cocking
Liaison Officer
School and College Liaison
Forestry and Engineering
clash over renovated cairn
Last Friday, some Forestry students demolished
the cairn. The cairn is,
rather, was the three faced
concrete structure with a red
E on each face in the middle of
Main Mall boulevard between CEME building and
the coffee shop, the Barn. It
symbolized the spirit of UBC
by each faculty painting their
colours on it in their special
week. The cairn was associated with the engineers - E
for Engineering.
Monday was a sad day
for the engineers. The cairn
was gone. More than a cairn,
Engineering is a spirit, as
strong as ever, but the loss of
the cairn is still a loss. I feel
it's a loss for UBC too. Seriousness aside, though, we
laugh at the Foresters so the
Foresters can laugh at us.
Only this time, they have to
pay the damages.
As a background, there
is a "deep" heritage behind
the cairn. Underneath the
cairn lies aburied Omar (the
Forester's car). The Foresters tried to prove something
by demolishing that which
was above them, but, hey,
uncapping the site just
doesn't raise the dead.
Rest assured, the cairn
will be replaced! But that
means well need another
Omar to bury.
Michael Meszaros
Mech. Engineering.
It has been quite interesting to observe the reactions ofthe engineers to the
destruction of their Cairn.
For the most part, it has
been one of acceptance ofthe
fact that after years of being
the most antagonistic and
belligerent faculty on campus they have themselves
"been gotten". Some engineers were even laughing
about it. With the way they
treat other students, they
have been waiting for this to
happen for years. Thefactis
that forestry students were
not the only ones to consi der
this, just the first ones to
act.
Forestry students do
not expect this to go unchallenged; we can take what we
dish out. Unfortunately, it
seems, some engineers
can't. Certain engineers
have threatened to lay
charges for what they call a
classless act. This definition of class comes from a
faculty that stole the Forestry car, Omar 9, during
Forestry week and smashed
the windows, tore the interior, poured paint over the
inside and in the carburator
(etc.). Is this the definition
of classy? We don't seem to
remember any foresters
whining about this. The car
was just returned to running order and driven the
rest of the week.
Tuesday morning we
were treated to some rather
pathetic threatening letters
posted in our building.
These do not worry us much
except that, considering the
content of these threats
(having to do with guns and
the wrath of God), the author of these signs should
consider medical help.
By putting up the Cairn
and acting in a continually
antagonistic way towards
other students the engineers have asked for and set
up the Cairn's eventual de-
structi on. Thi s i s a fact they
must accept. If you dish it
out, you have to be able to
take it.
By the way, ifyou have
ever wondered what has
happened to Omars 1-8
some of the newspaper articles have been saved over
the years and are posted in
different locations in the
Forestry building - some
people can take and even
appreciate a good prank.
Perhaps some engineers
should consider the possibility that 9 Omars = 1 Cairn.
Dave Christie
Forestry 2
14/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988 Israel and the PLO:
time for mutual recognition
One ofthe abiding features of
the Arab-Israeli conflict has been
the dedication of the protagonists
to mutual denial. Arab states
denying Israel's existence and Israel denying Palestinian existence.
For the first twenty years of its
existence Israel was faced with a
united Arab front of opposition and
rejection. The Palestinians could
not accept the loss of their country
and their forcible dispersion. The
Arab regimes could not accept
successive military defeats which
they saw as a negation of their
newly won independence from
their colonial past.
Israel also relied on a strategy
of denial. Denial of Palestinian
existence - one of Zionism's earliest
slogans said that Palestine was a
land without a people -; denial of
Palestinian rival claim to Palestine; and denial of the legitimacy of
Palestinian national aspirations.
The magnitude of Arab defeat
in 1967 forced the Arab regimes to
come to terms with some unpleasant realities. The debacle exposed
the bankruptcy of the Arab approach to Zionism and marked the
end ofthe Nasserite brand of Arab
nationalism. For the Palestinians,
it highlighted the imperative of
self-reliance, and galvanized their
aspirations into assertive Palestinian nationalism.
Traditional Arab and Palestinian attitudes toward Israel began, in the early 1970's, to undergo
important modifications. Nasser
no longer talked of "Arab liberation struggle", and accepted to
replace the policy of denial with a
policy of accommodation. Thus he
endorsed, shortly before his death
in 1970, US Secretary of State
William Rogers' peace plan which
called for peace between Arabs and
Israelis in return for Israeli withdrawal from Arab territories occupied in 1967.
The Palestinian position also
has undergone significant
changes. Although the PLO covenant theoretically calls for the liberation of Palestine by "armed
struggle", reality has long overwhelmed dogma. In their Palestinian! National Council meetings
and in several public statements,
the Palestinians have affirmed
their willingness to accept a state
in the West Bank and Gaza and
to recognize Israel and live
peacefully next to it.
There is little doubt that the
PLO represents and embodies
Palestinian national aspirations.
Various opinion polls show that
90 to 94 per cent of Palestinians
in the West Bank declare the
PLO to be their only legitimate
spokesperson. Moreover, the
international   community   has
Perspective
long recognized the PLCs right
"to press for self-determination
and to be the Palestinians' sole
legitimate representative". The
United States, Canada, and Israel are isolated in a minority
position ignoring that reality.
The Israeli position toward
the Palestinians continues to be
one of denial. Current Israeli policy is, as a French reporter recently put i t, "a string of no's": no
to Palestinian self-determination, no to negotiation with the
PLO, no to an international
peace conference. But the policy
of denial has not fared any better
than the policy of systematic dispossession, forcible dispersion,
and collective punishment. Like
a phoenix, Palestinian nationalism keeps rising out ofthe ashes.
Moreover, the Palestinian
existential and historical experience has been regularly thrusting itself upon the collective consciousness of the North American public. The simple but powerful daily images of Israeli repression of Palestinian nationalism are focussing attention on
the centrality ofthe Palestinians
to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
To their credit some Israeli
figures are coming around to that
realization. Former superhawk
retired Chief of Israeli military
intelligence Yehchafat Harkabi
used to be one of the fiercest
opponents of any dialogue with
the PLO. By 1986 he had become
a harsh critic of the policy of
denial. Harkabi urged the Israeli
government to understand that
"to demand a settlement of the
conflict without the PLO is tantamount to not seeking a settlement at all."
There is some urgency to the
matter. The rapid expansion of
Israeli settlements in the West
Bank may make a negotiated
peace a more elusive prospect.
Meron Benvenisti, former Israeli
politician turned city planner,
documented Israeli seizure of
Palestinian land in the West
Bank. His 1985 study, Land Alienation in the West Bank, warns
that "Jewish presence in (the
West Bank) is so extensi ve that it
precludes the possibility of a
peace settlement based on a return of the West Bank to Arab
sovereignty."
By ignoring these issues and
uncritically supporting Israeli
positions, Israeli's friends are
doing it a disservice, llney are
encouraging a failing policy of
denial and undercutting those Israeli leaders who are calling for
negotiation with the PLO.
George Ball, former US undersecretary, holds the US responsible for "block(ing) any UN resolution compelling Israel to bargain in good faith to exchange
territory for peace as provided in
Security Council resolutions 242
and 338?
Arab and Palestinian policies of denial have failed and adjustments were made accordingly. The international consensus , the Plo and Israel's Arab
neighbours have called for a
negotiated settlement at an international peace conference.
Such a settlement would guarantee Israel's security needs and
satisfy the Palestinians' legitimate right to self-determination.
The Israeli policy of denial is failing and can only be maintained
at an applaling cost in human
lives and continued suffering.
Mutual recognition between and
the PLO is a better alternative.
Dr. Safty teaches French in Coquitlam and lectures in Political
Science at Simon Fraser University.
The Ubyssey and The Latin American Solidarity
Committee Present: El Salvador's rebel radios.
a slide show by E.S.I.O. Friday March 11,
Room 212 SUB at 12:30
vTwb
SELFSERVE
TYPING
1 HR_$3!
5706 University Blvd
222-1688
M-TH 8-9 F 8-6  Sat 10-6 Sun 1 1-6   GreTt~Cop(e8! _7eat People.
kinko's
JAZZ
LIVE
Mar 9 Linton Garner
Mar 16 Ihor Kukurudza
Mar 23 Search
Gannon/Johnston/
McDougall
Mar 30 Cameron Chu
WEDNESDAYS
5:30-8:00 p.m.
FIRESIDE LOUNGE
GRADCENTRF
NON-MEMBERS WELCOME
— NO COVER CHARGE—
4<& CO-OP OUTDOOR
vL'GEAR SWAP&SALES
Here's your chance to get rid of those
boots that seem to have shrunk a
half size or that pack which just
isn't big enough anymore or
maybe pick up some
experienced rain gear.
The CO-OP's Spring 88 Out
door Gear Swap is the answer
Call 872-7858 for more details.
P.S. you don't have to be a
Co-op member to
participate.
Win a
Pentax
Binocular
When you come to the Gear
Swap be sure to enter to win a
Pentax Mini Binocular to be given
away at 2 PM the day of the Gear
Swap. No purchase necessary to
win. Binocular is courtesy of
Pentax Canada Inc.
MOUNTAIN
EQUIPMENT
CO-OP
Gear Swap
Sunday, March 20. 10 AM-2 PM
428 W. 8th Ave., Vancouver
AN IMPORTANT MESSAGE
TO ALL FINAL YEAR STUDENTS
Before you go ~ remember!
The Bookstore sells computers
at special prices, but only to
full-time students, staff
and faculty of the university.
Now is the time to buy one,
before you leave the campus
for other horizons. You won't
find better prices there!
Make an investment in your
future ~ or would somebody
for you, as a Graduation gift?
Visit us at the Bookstore
Computer Shop and discover
one of the real advantages
of being a student --
before it's too late!
fr. r.
n3___ji
BOOKSTORE
6200 University Boulevard • 228-4741
Computer Shop Hours: Mon.-Fri. 8:30 am-5:00 pm
A.S.A.P.
Absolutely Stunning Academic
Portraits
Gall For Your Free Grad Photo Session
3156 W. Broadway
731-8314 or 732-3023
March 11, 1988
THE UBYSSEY/15 Lesbians
choosing
motherhood
by Peter Francis
The baby babbles contentedly on the floor
as her mother, Mary,
(all names have been
changed) recounts the difficulty leading up to her conception.
It was almost ten years ago that she first decided she
wanted tohave a baby, butbeinga lesbian, there was alarge
roadblock in her path: where to get the semen necessary to
conceive that much wanted child? Alita shared the problem, and so did Lina.
Lina was the first of the three to tackle the problem.
Involved a dozen years ago in a stable relationship, she and
her partner decided they wanted to raise a child.
"We didn't know where to go? she says. "We were
referred by the Women's Health Collective to a doctor (who
had access to a sperm bank). He interviewed us for a half an
hour before agreeing to go ahead." The focus of the interview was on the stability of the relationship and their
preparedness to raise a child. A few years later, she returned to the same doctor and was inseminated herself.
According to the women, very few doctors are willing to
help lesbians become pregnant. That assertion is confirmed
by the receptionist at the obstetrics and gynecology department at Grace Hospital.
"I only know of one gynecologist in private practice who
deals with donor sperm? she says, although she refuses to
release that doctor's name. Lina says the doctor who helped
her become pregnant is no longer providing semen to
lesbians after pressure from the college of Physicians and
Surgeons.
But Dr. A.W. Askey of the college denies this.
"Itis not our job to set up guidelines. It is the individual
responsibility of the clinic."
For Alita, a sperm bank was a last resort. She already
had a child from a previous heterosexual relationship, but
she did not want to have sex with or allow parental rights
to a man.
"I don't use doctors, I wanted to create a ritual around
getting pregnant, and I wanted the biological support ofthe
father? She began her own campaign to find a man willing
to donate sperm, making up a medical questionnaire and
soliciting likely candidates.
"I started doing crazy things, like when I was working
at the food co-op I would go up to men I knew with a
mayonaisse jar and ask them to donate." She laughs. "That
tended to freak them out." At one time it was common to
look to the gay community for support in insemination, but
the AIDS fear has caused women to be more hesitant about
accepting semen from gay men. Lina still feels uneasy
about having used a sperm bank, because when she got
pregnant in the early '80's AIDS tests were not routine, and
there is no medical information kept on the donors.
As we talk, Mary returns from feeding Rona, who
has gone to sleep. Her search for a father was also
a long and complicated one. It began while she was
living in a small community outside of Vancouver. She
started a direct campaign by mailing aletter to male groups
in the community. She received only one positive reply -
from a man who had had a vasectomy who replied that he
would donate if he could.
Her search was slowed as she spent more energy in the
development of her musical career.
She returned to Vancouver, telling her women friends
that she was looking for semen. She contacted a number of
men and met with them to discuss the possibility of their
donating sperm. Only one was interested, but he wanted to
preserve a degree of anonymity by being one of three men
who donated at the same time so none would be sure of
which was actually the father.
Unfortunately, he was not willing to help her look for
the other two.
More time passed until finally Gus, amale friend of her
roommate, knowing she wanted to become pregnant, called
to volunteer his services.
"I had known through Isis that Mary wanted to get
pregnant? he says. "At first I didn't want to do it. I felt that
it would be too hard to not be emotionally involved with the
baby, but as I grew to know Mary better, I saw how good she
was with children and how much she wanted to have a
baby. Now I feel like it is the best gift I ever gave anyone."
Mary and Gus met and discussed the possibility that
he would donate sperm to her, and at the time of Mary's
next ovulation, they got together at her home.
"I had a sign hanging, with the words Welcome to my
womb'" Mary says, "and Gus had written a poem. We did a
ritual and made love. Two days later we made love again."
Mary became pregnant right away.
"It's funny? Gus says, "Mary asked me to have a sperm
test and I approached my doctor for that, but he toldme that
they were unreliable. It would have been prudent to have
an AIDS test, although I think it is unlikely that I have been
exposed to the virus?
Alita was eventually referred by a friend to a man
who was in a relationship. He agreed to provide the semen,
knowing only that it was for a lesbian.
"I wanted it to be anonymous? Alita says, "but we did
meet by accident? For five months she tried to get pregnant. When she was fertile, friends would pick up the
semen and bring it to her, where she would use a syringe to
introduce the sperm into her womb. After several
failures,and fearing that the problem was related to the
time delay between his ejaculation and her insemination,
she tried inseminating herself in a van parked in the alley
behind his East Van home. Again, failure.
"Then I left it for over a year?
The following year at winter solstice Alita renewed her
efforts to become pregnant.
"We had a ritual and I jumped over the fire and wished
for a baby. That was my wish for the coming year? She
started taking her temperature daily (to detect ovulation)
and asked her doctor to be referred to the doctor who had
inseminated Lina. Her doctor merely offered her literature.
Access to a sperm bank is no easier for a single
woman. According to the receptionist at the UBC
Obstetrics and Gynacology Department at Grace
Hospital, nobody in the department provides donor sperm
for women. Vancouver General Hospital refers inquiries for
sperm to Shaunessey General Hospital, and Shaunessey
General Hospital refers to the ob/gyn department at Grace.
Grace strictly does in vitro fertilization, which means
working with heterosexual couples where there is a biological problem preventing her from conceiving in her uterus.
The children conceived through this program are the so-
called 'test-tube babies.'
Returning to Vancouver after a short absence, Alita
ran into the man who had been providing her with
sperm.
"I sat down with him and asked him if he knew who he
was talking to." He did; although the sperm donation was
supposed to be being done anonymusly, one time a friend
picking up the semen had let her name slip.
"I pointed out that the reason I was doing it anonymously was that I was afraid of someone trying to get access
and parental rights." They talked about writing up a
contract, but Alita was advised by legal aid that a contract
would not be legally binding, and because it would establish
that the man was actually the father of the child might be
against her interests. So no contract was made.
Gus and Mary also considered the legal implications of
his donation.
"My sister is alawyer, and she advised me against this,
suggesting that Mary may eventually sue me for child
support, but I know that she has much more than me to lose
if this ever came to court."
He also feels that besides his friends in the lesbian
community few people support his decision.
"I've been accused of giving my child away, and one
female friend even suggested that I had no moral obligation
to keep the agreement I've made with Mary to give up any
parental rights. Although I would never do that."
When Alita met her donor again, she had to act quickly
as she was due to ovulate in a day. He said he would think
about it. At the same time, she had spoken to a gay friend
who she thought might be willing to help. He said no. She
called her donor the next day, he said yes.
She went with a friend to his house.
"I waited while he jerked off, and he left it in a teacup.
I went into the room and inseminated. Then I skipped a day
and did it again? She was leaving town that night, and soon
discovered she was pregnant.
"But it only lasted ten weeks." Miscarriages may be
more common in inseminations, she says. Hers was incomplete, so despite her desire to avoid the medical bureaucracy, she had to go to the hospital.
When he hadn't heard from her after their insemination attempt, he figured she must have become pregnant.
When he heard that she had miscarried, he offered to try
again.
"I had just become lovers with (her current lover) and
had spent the whole day in bed with her. She asked me 'Do
you need any help?'" Her lover and Lina did a ritual that
night as she inseminated herself and Chris was conceived.
As we talk, Alita's lover enters the room with Chris.a
beautiful two year old who pulls himself up onto his
mother's lap. He toddles around the room, playing with the
toys. He picks up an empty beer bottle and Alita gently
takes it away from him saying "Not for babies."
"Not for babies?" he repeats. He doesn't know or care
where he came from, but as he snuggles into his mother's
arms there is no doubt that this is a wanted child and a
much loved one.
16/THE UBYSSEY
March 11,1988

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