UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 19, 1980

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Vol. LXII, No. 54
Vancouver, B.C. Tuesday, February 19,1980
Tories trounced as
NDP gains seats;
wins big
with Grits
Why is Liberal leader Pierre
Trudeau back in office with a
majority government? The
Shadow knows. So does Ontario.
Eastern Canada gave its regal
assent for a re-ascension to the
throne of the same man, called
The Shadow during the campaign for evading public events,
they angrily deposed only nine
months ago. Ontario gave 55 of
its 95 seats to the Liberals, while
the party took all but one of
Quebec's 74 available seats.
The Liberals had enough
seats for form a majority
government before the polls
even closed in the west — and
for the Liberals it was a good
thing, as they achieved virtually
the impossible by losing one of
their meagre three Western
Winnipeg Liberals Lloyd Axworthy and Robert Bockstael
will most certainly find
themselves in the new cabinet as
a result of the election's unprecedented polarization.
The Progressive Conservatives found it a difficult night
— losing votes and seats in
every part of the country, including four seats to the NDP in
The New Democratic Party
watched its small base in the
east virtually vanish, as Ed
Broadbent's Oshawa riding
becomes their eastern-most
possession. But the west came
through for the NDP as Broadbent predicted in Vancouver
this Saturday, winning six seats
in Manitoba, eight in Saskatchewan and an all-time high 12
in B.C.
But while Western Canada
clearly rejected Liberal party,
Ontario eagerly jumped back on
the bandwagon giving Trudeau
26 seats that went Tory last
Standings in the new House,
before recounts, are: Liberals
148; Conservatives 100; and
NDP 33. The Liberal share of
the popular vote increased nine
percentage points to 47, while
the Tories got 29, and the NDP
The leading Tory to bite the
dust was employment and immigration minister Ron Atkey,
who lost his Toronto St. Paul's
riding to Liberal John Roberts.
Other Tory cabinet ministers
west of Quebec were all reelected, as were finance minister
John Crosbie, fisheries minister
James McGrath, and economic
expansion minister Elmer
It's true. There is another world
on the other side of the Rockies.
While eastern Canada renewed its
infatuation with Liberal leader
Pierre Trudeau, British Columbians
were deciding between the Conservatives and a surging NDP.
The New Democrats snatched
four seats from the Tories and held
on to all eight seats they won last
May. The Liberals were wiped off
the B.C. electoral map as Vancouver Centre MP Art Phillips
finished third behind Tory winner
Pat Carney and New Democrat Ron
The Conservatives held on to 16
of the 19 seats they had in May, losing Kootenay West, Kootenay East-
Allantic dumps NDP/2
Et ta, Ontario/16
Quadra results/16
— petaf menyasz photo
SOMETHING DOESNT JIVE but victorious Tory Pat Carney dreams of happy times during celebration Monday
after Vancouver Centre win. Carney joins 27 other B.C. members of parliament who will sit in opposition and
watch revived Pierre show, brought to you by central Canada. Carney won one election too late to make cabinet
and will spend most days in house sawing wood.
Revelstoke, Kamloops-Shuswap,
and Cowichan-Malahat-The Islands
to the NDP. The NDP got 35 per
cent of the popular vote, the Tories
41.5 and the Liberals 22.5.
But there was little joy in either
the Conservative or Liberal camps,
the former because it got creamed
back east, the latter because it had
come up empty-handed this side of
The New Democrats seemed to
be the only ones content with the
B.C. returns. "I'm so happy, I've
got a job again," cried NDP MP
Svend Robinson's Ottawa aide
David Gort, cheering and hugging
his female companion after Robinson doubled his margin of victory
from last May. "The vote showed a
definite swing from the Tories. The
majority we got was from
everybody, not just students."
Another Robinson campaign
Set: page 16: PIERRE
Carney is happy bedtime Tory
While a Liberal tidal wave was washing
Joe Clark out of the prime minister's chair,
a few Tories managed to keep their heads
above water and retain their seats.
And Vancouver Centre voters presented
their Tory candidate with a touch of
sweetness to take away the bitter sting of
Clark's downfall.
Pat Carney created a decisive victory in
one of Canada's showplace ridings. After
losing to Liberal Art Phillips by only 95
votes last May, Carney expected to wind up
in a dead heat with Phillips and NDP candidate Ron Johnson this time around.
But her hard-hitting campaign overwhelmed Phillips' feeble efforts and had
enough stamina to outlast a massive NDP
Feb. 18 didn't start off confidently for
Carney, but as the evening progressed . . .
Century Plaza Hotel, 6:30 p.m.
The hotel lobby is quiet, too quiet. It
would be hard to tell there's an election
going on if the doors to the bar weren't
locked. The desk clerk seems surprised that
someone is asking for Pat Carney's campaign headquarters. But a sign listing the
hotel's events for the day distinctly says
"Progressive Conservative Party Election
Results Headquarters, 8 p.m. to 1 a.m."
The Century Plaza coffee shop looks like
a young lawyers' convention. Cleanshaven, boyish faces wearing three-piece
suits drink coffee, read newspapers and
grab quick bites between snatches of sullen
conversation about the results from the
6:56 p.m.
"The election's over," says one coffee
shop diner. "I just heard the news on an
American channel."
"I   know,   I   know,"   answers   Dave
Wallace,   one   of   Carney's   campaign
"It doesn't look too good," Wallace
says. "The Liberals are going to get 75 seats
in Quebec."
7:09 p.m.
A few Pat Carney signs drift by the coffee shop on their way upstairs to the campaign headquarters. The doors to the room
are open now and 10 people, including the
bartender, wander listlessly between the
television screen and a table full of sandwiches and snacks.
A woman walks into the room with a
radio slung over her shoulder blaring out
election results on CBC's short wave station. The news isn't cheering the Tories up.
7:41 p.m.
"It's going to be a three-way tie in Centre," says UBC law student Paul Wilson,
another of Carney's campaign workers.
And Wilson adds that B.C.'s Tory supporters are generally discouraged by the
news broadcast on U.S. television stations
for an hour before the mandatory blackout
took effect.
"By quarter to six people were calling up
and asking 'Is it true?' " Wilson says.
"All that work for nothing," another
Carney supporter sighs.
8:00 p.m.
The magic moment arrives, and the
Carney supporters surge in a single motion
— to the free bar. A minute later, CBC's
election fanfare blares out from the giant-
screen television at one end of the room.
"The Liberal government, defeated in
May, comes back with a majority win in
February," announces CBC announcer
Knowlton Nash.
"Christ, no!" shouts one Carney supporter. A general shock pervades the
Tories. Everyone was expecting a setback,
but not a decisive defeat.
One  radical  Westerner  shouts   "Let's
separate!" but is ignored by his fellow
Tories who are intent on learning the extent
of their humiliation.
8:19 p.m.
The first Vancouver Centre poll results
arrive and the crowd's mood changes
perceptibly, even though the results represent only one polling station.
Carney — 46 votes; Phillips — 42 votes;
Johnson — 20 votes.
"Maybe we'll at least get some consolation in this riding," says one depressed
campaign worker, convinced that the single
poll is a sign of things to come. And she's
right — the lead is Carney's from the beginning.
8:29 p.m.
The results from six polls have been
tabulated and Carney is still in the lead with
316 votes. Johnson has moved into second
place with 242 and Phillips brings up the
rear with 228.
A low buzz of conversation fills the
room, but not many smiles are on the
Tories' faces. They were expecting a close
run and they're worried.
Someone announces that Liberal Gordon
Gibson's temporarily leading Conservative
Chuck Cook in the North Vancouver-
Burnaby riding. "Gibson's a fag anyway,"
says one dismayed onlooker.
8:40 p.m.
The polls are reporting in rapid succession and some of the Tories' enthusiasm
wanes as Johnson pulls within 119 votes of
Carney with 49 or the 225 polls accounted
But Wilson is not worried. "She's going
to win. I've never been wrong yet," he says.
"They wouldn't vote for a labor
See page 3: TORY Page 2
Tuesday, February 19, 1980
Maritimes spurn
PC, reject NDP
for Canadian University Press
HALIFAX — Joe Clark's tough
foreign affairs stance did not make
an impression on Atlantic voters,
but the Tory call for an 18 cent a
gallon excise tax on gasoline did.
Private fishermen, farmers and
urban dwellers all questioned the
Tory energy policy, particularly
keying on the confusion surrounding the fate of PetroCanada.
The Conservative's popular vote
went down in almost every riding in
the region as Atlantic Canadians rejected Joe Clark's heavy-handed
The drop in Tory fortunes was
most dramatic in Prince Edward
Island and Nova Scotia. After being
shut out in the island province a
year ago, the Liberals came back to
knock off one of the Conservative's
most prominent and popular cabinet ministers — secretary of state
David MacDonald — and also capture the Cardigan riding, to gain
half of P.E.I.'s four seats.
In Nova Scotia, confidence in
Liberal gains proved well-founded
as they picked up three seats and
came close in several others.
Former Nova Scotia premier Gerald
Regan will probably be rewarded
with a high ranking cabinet post in
the new Pierre Trudeau government.
In Newfoundland, a move towards the NDP a year ago evaporated as the party's vote percentage
dropped from 30 to 16. St. John's
remained solidly Tory while the rest
of the province went Liberal. The
NDP's surprise winner in the province in, the 1978 byelections, Fonse
Faour, also watched a 7,000 vote
margin in May disappear to the Liberals, leaving the party without a
single seat in the Atlantic.
The NDP's other Atlantic seat,
Father Andy Hogan's Cape Breton-
East Richmond, also was swept
away in the Liberal tide.
The Liberal popular vote was up
in all four provinces, mostly at the
expense of the Conservatives. But
the NDP losses were surprising, and
showed the loss of momentum the
NDP gained in the summer's provincial election in Newfoundland.
Alexa McDonough, another
prominent NDP candidate, failed
to pull the Dalhousie University ,
campus vote in Halifax, placing
third behind Regan and Tory
George Cooper, who won by only
15 votes in May.
Final standing in the Atlantic:
Liberals 18, Conservatives 14.
University of British Columbia
Distinguished Canadian Actor
Star of the Stratford & Shaw Festivals
Reading Selected Works
TUESDAY, February 19, 12:30 Noon
A Faculty of Arts Program of Distinction
Career Choices
A Workshop for Women Students
Series I: Beginning Stages
Five weekly sessions will help you:
1) Assess where you are now in your life
2) Clarify your values and interests
3) Identify your work skills
4) Apply   this   knowledge   toward   defining   a
career direction
5) Introduce   resume   writing   and   exploratory
interview skills
DATES: February 2$ - March 27
TIME:      12:30 - 2:00 p.m.
PLACE:   301 Brock Hall
Register at the Women Students' Office,
Room 203 Brock Hall, by
Hurry! Registration is limited!
Proposal For A Regional Park
The Greater Vancouver Regional District is holding an
Open House to discuss with the public plans for a major
regional park on the Endowment Lands.
Dates: Tuesday, February 26th, 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Wednesday, February 27th, 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Thursday, February 28th, 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.
Place: GVRD Offices
2215 West 10th Avenue, Vancouver
3rd floor conference room.
For further information about the Open House or UEL
Program, please call the GVRD Parks Department,
731-1155, local 132.
Greater Vancouver Regional District
Parks Department
Here's an opportunity to gain a better understanding of the
culture and customs of the Province of Quebec and become
more fluent in the French language through summer
employment in the Provincial Government of Quebec. The
British Columbia Ministry of Labour is accepting applications
now for the 1980 British Columbia/Quebec Work Exchange
Program which will provide job opportunites in a variety of
ministries within the Quebec Government for up to thirty
university students from British Columbia.
These job opportunities will involve a minimum of ten weeks work
between the months of May and August, 1980. Salaries will be determined
according to the student salary scale of the Province of Quebec.
Any registered full-time student at the University of British Columbia,
Simon Fraser University, or the University of Victoria is eligible to apply
providing they have a working knowledge of the French language, have
lived in British Columbia for one year, and are a Canadian citizen.
Information regarding available accommodation in Quebec will be
provided to students prior to departure, however, it is the responsibility of
each student accepted in the program to pay their own rent.
Students wishing to apply should complete a Ministry of Labour Youth
Job Application Form and Questionnaire.
Applications and Questionnaires are available from the
Canada Employment Centre on campus, from the Ministry of
Labour Youth Referral Service in Victoria, or any of the
following Ministry of Labour Youth Employment Offices:
Lower Mainland Areas: 4946 Canada Way, Burnaby V5G 4J6
Victoria: 808 Douglas Street V8W 2B6 387-1131
FEBRUARY 29, 1980
Province of Ministry of
British Columbia Labour
Page 3
GVRD digs toes in for natural park
UBC students could soon be
walking barefoot through the
largest official civic nature park in
North America.
A new plan to turn 1,500 acres of
the university endowment lands into an official natural park was
revealed yesterday by the Greater
Vancouver Regional District.
The proposal, which will be
presented to the provincial government in late March, calls for a
regional district takeover of the
UEL, improved supervision of the
park, increased fire protection, and
extensive clean-up and renovations
to camping areas and walking trails.
GVRD park planner Bev Evers
said the plan would also insure the
UEL's future as protected
parkland. "Theoretically right now
the land could be used for anything
the provincial government wants to
do with it," she said.
Evers said until last year, many
planners and residents were concerned the government would use
100 acres of the UEL to build an industrial research park. Although
that plan was defeated, she said giving the UEL park status under the
control   of   the   GVRD   would
eliminate any further attempts by
the provincial government to build
in the park.
UEL electoral area director Iva
Mann also let out a sigh of relief at
the proposal. "I feel very sure they
(the provincial government) will
make the right decision. It's a
defacto park right now and it's not
secure in any way."
And Bowie Keefer, a UEL
regional parks committee member,
said the new plan would put a complete halt to any government
development speculation on the
lands forever. "Once the thing is
established as a park, nobody's going to revert it until the next ice
age," he said.
If approved, the park plan will
prevent expansion of the current
proposed 58 acre research park into
the UEL. But problems still might
arise due to close proximity of the
research park to the nature park,
said Marty Lund, chair of the UBC
Alma Mater Society research park
"I'm glad they've finally got
something nailed down, but I think
they (the GVRD) should look at
how the industrial research park
will affect their park."
Keefer said he thought the nature
park proposal did not go far
enough, although GVRD parks administrator Rick Hankin said the
plan is a minimum position. The
park should include 130 acres pf
"reserve" land located between
16th Ave. and Chancellor
Boulevard, said Keefer.
He said the 130 acres would provide ideal space for construction of
outdoor sports and recreation
facilities within the park, including
the existing golf course. "Such
facilities could well be located in the
central core lands."
But Hankin said the GVRD will
already have a major chore ahead
of itself cleaning up the existing
trails within the park and turning it
into a proper nature park twice the
size of Stanley park. The GRVD
will also hire a park manager to
police the park and ensure the
maintenance of standards within it.
Hankin said the GVRD wants
public input on the proposal and he
is inviting the public to an open
house to consider it. The open
house will be held at the GVRD's
third floor conference room in their
offices at 2215 West 10th Ave. from
Feb. 26-28.
— kevin finnegan photo
"IS THIS POLISCI 200?" asks confused student attempting to register for second year arts six months too late.
Woman wondered about course professor John Eh McDonald and was totally thrown off by kindly manner of
helpful people behind tables, which she had never encountered before at registration. B.C. voters retained isolation by electing no members of government in one of smarter moves ever.
Gov't money promise 'empty'
A provincial government plan to
increase community college funding
is an empty promise, a Langara college dean charged Monday.
Unless administrators are told exactly where the increases are going,
they will be useless, Langara instruction dean Lawrence Fast said.
"But in any case the good news
the government has given us will
have to be translated into reality,"
he added.
Fast said the provincial government has already increased the
operating budget for colleges for
the past two years to improve vocational and career training programs.
"So if that were extra money for
us we could only use it if we had extra space." The increases will not
help the college if extra campus
space is not provided, he added.
And B.C. Student Federation
chair Malcolm Elliott charged the
plan may cause antagonism between colleges and universities. "We
don't want to see competition between colleges and universities for
funds," said Elliott.
"We have certain concerns about
the budget. At BCSF we think it's
great because colleges need money,
but where is the money going to
come from?"
Elliot said he hoped the government will not stress the need for college funding at the expense of the
Capilano college principal Paul
Gallagher said education minister
Brian Smith's recently announced
increase will "not at all" adequately fulfil the funding need for his institution. "This is not the end of the
development to our campus. It's
only part of the good news. There's
more good news to come."
UBC administration president
Doug Kenny predicted the college
increases will be matched with
monies from provincial universities
minister Pat McGeer.
"Anything that increases funding
for education is to be approved.
Universities are growing too so on
that argument funding for universities should grow too," said Kenny.
Smith said last week college funding should be increased because
colleges are growing faster than
ffPH     City of Vancouver Camosun Bog Reserve Lands
IJIIII      Marine Drive  Foreshore Park (City of Vancouver)
^^      Reserve Lands (Areas not yet assigned to park or other uses)
Millett hits male
rule by violence
Violence continues to keep women subservient to men, controversial feminist and author Kate
Millett said Friday.
"Every important aspect of society is in male hands," Millett told
500 people in the Woodward's
building. "There is a temperament
thing in this, all forms of bullying
are said to be masculine."
All access to force, education and
the system of government is male
dominated and women are treated
as "backward people," she said.
"Somewhere we have been completely divorced from all heavy industry technology. This is enormously important because it is the
same situation as in the Third
Millett added that achieving
equality for women is more than a
question of employment and equal
"It is not about unequal pay, that
is the surface of it. It is not only
about rape but about all forms of
physical assault. It is a feeling we
(women) have always grown up
perogative and U.S. president Jimmy Carter's announcement that
women might be drafted but will
not face combat proves that point,
she said.
"This is clearly a privilege for
men. We should oppose the draft
absolutely, absolutely, absolutely
for everyone," said Millett. "All
the years of work against the war in
Vietnam, we thought the lesson was
so well learned.
"You can love a place and all
that stuff, but why should you like
your government. My goodness."
Millett said she advocates changing our society through peaceful
means even though it is "built on
"We are surrounded, immersed,
drowning in violence and it seems to
me we are going to have to understand violence. I would say it is the
ultimate problem."
Women will have to become pacifists if they hope to have a peaceful society', she added.
Women should provide help for
victims of violence in society such
as battered children and women,
said Millett. "We have all been
brutalized and we all know it and
Killing continues to be a male    accept it."
Tory tale ends as
Carney kisses, tells
From page 1
9:07 p.m.
Tory leader Joe Clark makes
his television appearance to publicly
accept his crushing defeat. And the
Vancouver Centre Tories remain
unmoved by his words.
"I wonder what it's like to be a
has-been at 40?" says Wilson.
Only a few diehards applaud
when Clark finishes his address.
But the Vancouver Centre results
keep everyone's spirits up. Carney
is clearly the winner, and by 9:15
p.m. television announcers are announcing her elected.
"All is not lost," says a Tory.
"They've got some sense in B.C."
All that's left is for Carney to
claim her prize.
9:30 p.m.
Carney arrives and is immediately
surrounded by cheering supporters
and hungry media people.
She thanks her campaign workers
to cries of "We love you, Pat" and
"Glad to do it for you." x
Carney speaks only briefly, but
says she is distressed by the election
outcome. "It shows a national
tragedy," she says. "It shows that
we do not have a national party."
Lyall Knott, Carney's campaign
manager, attributes the Vancouver
Centre victory to "a lot of damn
hard work on behalf of our candidate."
"She managed to articulate the
budget," Knott says. And he
blames the Tories' lack of success in
eastern Canada to a lack of communication. "They didn't have the
news explained to them quite as well
as our voters did."
9:48 p.m.
Vancouver Centre NDP candidate Ron Johnson arrives to congratulate Carney on her victory and
shakes hands with her.
Johnson is cheerful even after his
fourth defeat.
"I'm obviously happy about the
showing we made in Vancouver
Centre," Johnson says on his way
out of the Tory party. "And we did
very well nationally."
9:51 p.m.
Carney turns on the charm. Hugs
and kisses for all her faithful supporters, unkind words for The
"I was a city editor for The
Ubyssey once," Carney muses. "It
was a bad start to 15 years of journalism."
See page 12: CARNEY Page 4
Tuesday, February 19, 1980
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Blank expressionism
Welcome to the Eighties.
Last night saw the Canadian electorate, in an
overwhelming show of support, re-elect ,
Under leader , the party has found itself
in the corridors of power, thanks to its firm stand
on   and . Having elected
a majority of , the people of Canada can
expect an era of political stability,  unless, of
course, issues such as and , spoil
the party's seemingly bright future.
The , whose political base is virtually
non-existent in , prove that no Canadian
political party can adequately represent the
needs and interests of every region in the nation,
especially --' .
Now that the election is over, the party will be looking for a new leader. The	
will provide a strong opposition, but like the
other parties, depends too much on one region
of the country for its support, which will detract
from their ability to become a thorn in the side of
the .
An important issue in this campaign has been
energy. The   plan to —  Petrocan
must be a source of grat concern to all concerned Canadians.  Provinces such as   will
have to learn to lump it if the are true to
their campaign promises. The s' stand
on nuclear power shows a clear misunderstanding and ignorance of the basic energy choices
we must make in the coming decades.
But of all the difficulties that confront us as a
nation, none is more pressing and significant
than the issue of Quebec separatism. The
 s' position of for Quebec is appreciated by all those who adhere to a truly
 and vision of Canada.
If ultimately, fails to satisfy our needs,
we urge Canadians to  ,   - and
 . And if you've lost all faith in the political
process, you can always  . Be  ,
or else they'll - you.
Hotel scheme threatens unique housing
One of the hottest issues dealt
with by The Ubyssey in the past
month has been the low-rise-Hotel
Gage controversy. The object of
this letter is to define the low-rise in
order to give greater insight into
this serious matter.
The Walter H. Gage low-rise is
situated on the northwest corner of
the junction of Wesbrook and
Student Union Mall in the northeastern section of the campus. The
low-rise is a three-storey apartment
building and is part of the Gage
highrise residence area. It was built
in 1971 and, although it is part of
the single student residence system,
its prime purpose was to house married couples who were both full-
time UBC students. Today, married
couples are still given priority for
assignment over single senior
There are 54 one-bedroom suites
in the low-rise, one of which is oc
cupied by the senior house advisor
of Gage highrise. Of the remaining
suites, 15 are occupied by married
couples, six by common-law
couples, and the rest by pairs of
single students. Each apartment is
composed of a bedroom, a living-
dining room area, a kitchenette,
and a small bathroom. The bedroom has two beds and two desks;
the kitchen is equipped with a small
stove and fridge; and the living-dining room area has an assortment of
moveable furniture. The floors are
carpeted; linen and bedding are
supplied by housing just as in the
single student residences.
The 1979-1980 winter session
rates for the low-rise were SI,115.62
per person, which was $2,231.24
per married couple. These rates
cover Sept. 1 to April 30, a 242-day
Gage low-rise is a viable student
residence  which  provides  privacy
and a quiet environment for serious
students. It is the only available
housing on campus for married
students without children. With the
present housing crisis, the Gage Hotel scheme is threatening what suitable housing is available to
Susan Enns
and other concerned
Gage low-rise residents
Bloody good
Thank you to everyone who took
the time and trouble to donate a
pint of blood during the Red Cross
and forestry blood drive of Feb.
4-8. And for those who were unable
to give blood that week, there will
be a one-day blood donor clinic in
SUB 215 on Feb. 28.
As usual, forestry had the best
turnout for the drive. Best damned
little faculty on campus.
forestry fans
February 19, 1980
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the university year by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS or
the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page
Friday, a weekly commentary and review. The Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241K of the
Student Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Heather Conn and Tom Hawthorn
Time passed slowly in the land. Wendv Hunt could usually be seen walking in the fields at morn with her flocks. But something was different this morning in
the village. Gary Brookfield cast the sky and felt something vaguely familiar in the air. Heather Conn too was disturbed by the presence. "It's something I know
I've teit before, remarked Tom Hawthorn as he nottced small flocks of animals scurrying home to lick their wounds and others chuckling as only beasts will.
Kevin Finnegan and Julie Wheelwright watched the creatures intently disturbed by the scene. Steve McClure almost refused to be in the masthead thinking it
too dull but conceded and noticed the animals doing their own thing and ignoring the others seemed happier. Geof Wheelwright and Peter Menyasz were sick
of observation and wanted action. They suggested killing the beasts but Keith Baldrey refused, saying some kind of compromise would be found, perhaps in
Manitoba. Bob Staley turned from the scene recognizing what it was. Man Adamson and Bill Tieleman wandered on the scene and in drunken euphoria, informed the numbed crowd it was, alas, only another majority government.
Suffering for us
This is an obituary notice for
the 236,746,765 animals slaughtered every year in Canada so people can eat them.
I dedicate this in remembrance
• 3,692,000 cows killed every
year, especially the young calves
who are deliberately made anemic
to become veal on our plate;
• 5,550,000 pigs who sit bored
in small pens just waiting to die;
• 208,800,000 chickens who
never leave their cages in the factory farm, who never see even a
glimpse of the sun before they are
• 200,000 sheep and lambs
killed every year for meat;
• 7,701 goats;
• 86,961 horses;
• 36,103 rabbits;
• 17,400,000 turkeys;
• and to the 3,928,000,000 animals killed every year for meat in
the U.S.
(Figures are based on 1978 and
1979 agricultural and fisheries
departments statistics.)
As Peter Singer writes in his
book Animal Liberation we are,
in general, ignorant of the abuse
directed towards the living creatures that become the food we eat.
For, few of us, if ever, associate
our meals with a living, breathing,
walking, suffering animal. "Yet,
the use and abuse of animals raised for food far exceed, in sheer
numbers of animals affected, any
other kind of mistreatment."
I dedicate this obituary notice in
remembrance of the 426,158,145
pounds of fish who die, by long,
drawn-out suffocation, each year
in Canada.
Singer writes: "Surely, it is only
because fish do not yelp or whimper in a way we can hear that
otherwise decent people can think
it a pleasant way of spending an
afternoon to sit by the water
dangling a hook while previously
caught fish die slowly beside
I dedicate this obituary notice in
remembrance of 400,000 animals
mutilated, tortured and killed
every day in the world for psychological, medical and scientific experiments.
"A day will come when the
world will look upon today's vivisection in the name of science the
way we look, today, upon witch
hunts in the name of religion,"
says former Harvard physiology
professor Henry Bigelow.
I dedicate this obituary notice in
remembrance of all those animals
killed for their pelts every year:
• to the 180,000 seals bludgeoned;
• to the 4,000,000 fur-bearing
animals who are caught in traps
and suffer such agonizing deaths
each year;
• and a special mention must
go to the domesticated animals;
the 958,000 mink killed every
• and the 24,000 fox and chinchillas.
Philosopher Jeremy Bentham
once wrote that the day may come
when the number of legs, the texture of skin, the lack of intelligence will not be sufficient enough
reasons to condemn innocent,
sensitive beings to terrible suffering and death. "The question is
not, Can they reason? nor Can
they talk? but, Can they suffer?"
The answer is yes!
Approximately 242,000 animals
and fish slaughtered every year in
Canada. Our own private Auschwitz! Animal Auschwitz! I look at
this figure and I truly wonder at
our level of consciousness. And
'Few of us, if ever.
associate meals
with a living.
breathing, walking.
suffering animal'
my concern is manifold for, if this
is how we treat the helpless beings
of our society, then what of our
children? To have compassion for
life is to have compassion for all
life, there are no degrees. If we
can do it to animals then we can
do it to humans. That step is small
indeed as Vietnam and Afghanistan prove only too well. And as I
compare the joyous faces of our
children at two and the neurotic,
unhappy looks on their faces by
21, I wonder if we have not already taken that step in a less
overt manner.
So I dedicate this obituary notice to all innocent, helpless beings,
animals and children who are
made to suffer for the uncaring of
this world.
Joanne Gilbert is a third-year
UBC psychology student and vegetarian. If you've got some heartfelt pleas for the lives of wee creatures, enlighten the world's meat-
eaters in Perspectives, a column
open to all UBC carnivores and
herbivores. Tuesday, February 19,1980
Page 5
Time to update UBC's imitation catacombs
The Gothic facade of the University of
British Columbia's Main library lends a
pleasing old world charm to the campus,
dominated in recent years by the plain concrete exteriors of high-rise buildings. In one
sense, it is fortunate that magnificent oaks
and redwoods landscape the library, for these
trees partially obscure what must be one of
this university's and this province's most serious cultural disgraces.
Conjure for a moment the familiar images
and sounds encountered during a visit to the
Main library. Pass through the grand library
portals, climb the steps, stride across the catalogue hall, pass through the turnstiles, and
be confronted with a scene that would have
delighted Dickens.
Professors and students crouch to avoid
banging their heads on low ceilings, scurry
down narrow stairwells and scrabble for
books in dimly-lit aisles. Lineups seem to occur everywhere. Every inch of floor space is
packed with some library service. Sounds of
crashing footsteps, wheezing air ventilators,
clacking typewriters, and wooshing photocopiers fill the air. Fortunate are those who
have found an empty carrell, but they cast
furtive glances as one approaches, fearful lest
you might be the rightful owner come to reclaim it.
Quite simply, the Main library reached a
bursting point decades ago. The report of the
university librarian to UBC senate 1977-1978
refers to the existing structure as "UBC's imitation of the catacombs." The report states:
"Few if any libraries in North America have
Trevor Gibbens is a UBC student who
thinks Main library is worthy of Charles
Dickens' wrath. If you've got a personal
gripe or phobia about a campus building,
write to Perspectives.
achieved such a high level of use regardless of
student body or size of collection." The lib
rary is integrated into the provincial library
system and is used increasingly by many citizens of B.C. During the last decade the collection has doubled from one to two million
volumes, approximately one-third of which is
in storage. Consequently browsing (an important source of reference selection) must of
necessity be reduced.
The report documents the problems that
are associated with the Main library building
in terms of the existing structure; it does not
make a comparative analysis with other libraries or attempt to identify services which
should be part of a structure that is designed
to replace the present building. Comparisons, however, are easy to make. The excellent international business section of the
Vancouver public library has no counterpart
at UBC, and a modern audio-visual division
similar to the B.C. Institute of Technology's
is noticeable only by its absence. Nor are general-access computer terminals provided;
consequently   new   computerized   learning
packages cannot be offered. Photocopying
and typewriter space is severely restricted.
Readers undoubtedly can add many items to
this list.
The reality of a library is found in its interior. Anyone who has visited Main library
regularly has experienced the cramped quarters which severely restrict the services currently provided and prevent the addition of
new services. Clearly, a new Main library
must be given first priority in any new campus construction. The project should not suffer from the shortsighted scrimping which occurred during the economic depression that
followed the First World War when the original was built. A new library should be considered as a resource for not only UBC but
British Columbia as a whole. It must be an
efficient structure of sufficient size and sophisticated design to meet the needs of the
twenty-first century.
UBC students have for too long turned
quietly from this problem. The time has
come to voice our concern and encourage the
construction of a new Main library building.
We can help to make this need become a reality by encouraging our student representatives to strongly advocate that construction
of a new Main library building must be undertaken  without  delay.   By making  our
'I new library should be
considered a resource
for not only UBC
but British Columbia'
friends and colleagues aware of the problems
and inadequacies of the existing facilities and
the pressing need for a new Main library, we
can stimulate university and government officials to action. Write a letter to the UBC
students' council now. Approach a student
representative and voice your concern.
MAIN LIBRARY . . . narrow stairwells, dimly-lit aisles create B.C.'s 'most serious cultural disgrace'
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Tuesday, February 19, 1980
Ubyssey amplifies 'reactionary' women
It has come to my attention that I
have not in the past while, been able
to peruse a current issue of The
Ubyssey without reading one or
more items concerning the sexist engineering undergraduate society
and the plight of such martyred
groups as the UBC women students' office. Since I am but a transfer student attending UBC for the
first time, I am admittedly not well-
versed in this going concern.
As I understand however, the
EUS holds what is known as Lady
Godiva's ride during which a naked
woman rides a horse through the
campus followed by a horde of
loud,   obnoxious   idiots.
In more recent years there has
grown in conjunction with Lady
Godiva's ride, another tradition in
which the women students' office
cries out against this and other
engineering events, labelling them
as "exploitive" and "violence
against women."
It is here that the "unbiased"
Ubyssey plays a hand in the propagation of the students' office of
women (or SOW) cause by continual coverage of SOW's actions towards the elimination of sexism.
You too can be a bureaucrat
Ever thought of getting involved
in the Alma Mater Society? I know
what most of you are thinking right
now — a pile of backstabbing campus politicos right? Wrong!
Positions are now open on the
student administrative commission
(no elections are involved, just an
informal interview). The student
administrative commission is the
non-political part of the AMS. Its
members are charged with administering the student union building
(clubs offices, room bookings, the
Pit), elections, clubs, contracts and
the AMS business office (which
handles over $2.5 million per year).
No experience is necessary for
these positions (there are 10 positions). All but two of last year's
members were 'freshmen' when
they came to the AMS — including
the outgoing chair.
If you have ever thought of becoming involved as an administrator — think about applying for
SAC. I am in my office Monday to
Friday, noon to 2:15 p.m., and I invite any interested person to drop
by if they have any questions-
Craig Brooks
director of administration
SAC chair
The Ubyssey, outstanding example of first class news journalism
that it is, further endears SOW's
cause to readers by reporting the
lack of action it receives from various branches of the UBC administration. The big question raised
here is, as exemplified by last
Thursday's front page headline,
why does the administration fail to
aid SOW's cause by ignoring EUS
The administration, like the majority of the student population,
doesn't care about these alleged sexist events. The only reason they promise to give the matter consideration is to get these screaming
women off their backs. What we
have here is a small but very vocal
women's group whose loud voice is
further amplified through The
Let's face the facts. The engineers' exploits provide a generally
apathetic student population with
something to laugh at. And about
the only good that would come of
banning sexist EUS activities is that
it would at least temporarily silence
these reactionary women's groups
who seem to think that sexist is the
root of the word sex.
Ken Dickson
arts 3
Serving U.B.C. and West Point Grey
for the last 20 years.
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Grad Class Gifts and Projects; The
proposed Gifts and/or Projects should
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Community and/or the Community at
large. The applications must include:
(a) The name of the group requesting
(b) The nature of the gift or project;
(c) If it is a gift OR project;
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NOW TWO LOCATIONS TO SERVE YOU Tuesday, February 19,1980
Page 7
Dean has 'little control'over engineers
The following letter, dated Jan.
23, 1980, was sent to UBC engineering dean Martin Wedepohl, with
copies to administration president
Doug Kenny and the UBC alumni
The twelfth congress of Canadian
engineering students, hosted Jan. 2
to 6 by the University of Alberta,
was a successful event with few exceptions. Unfortunately it is about
some of these that I write you.
One hundred and fifty students
were involved with the congress. Of
these, the 10-student delegation
from the University of British Columbia were the only group not welcome to attend. Their behavior was
Pogo-less prudes dig roses, not punk
I am writing to assure Bob Staley
and the arts undergraduate society
that someone did appreciate them
bringing the band Popular
Mechanix to UBC. Bob said at the
end of the show, that in the future
other bands could be expected and I
hope he keeps his word.
The concert was intensely enjoyable except for the strollers on
their way to the rose gardens. These
strollers, who were obviously not
on drugs, steadfastly refused to
become interested in the music and
thus put a damper on the whole affair. For the next concert, effects
should be made to get these people
involved, to throw away their inhibitions and pogo for their lives.
To complainers about the
loudness of the music I can only say
that if these future Mozarts aren't
given a chance to express
themselves freely then what hope is
there for Vancouver getting a
culture of its own.
It's easy to say that the band was
not all that good but until these
critics can play as well and with as
much energy they should keep their
comments to themselves. To
paraphrase Peter Townsend's
response to his critics: "Why don't
ya just f-f-fuck off."
Wes Mundy
science 1
P.S. If Arlene and Dan were only
joking, then so am I.
12:30 p.m. Recital Hall
Pawel Checinski, Piano
8:00 p.m. Old Auditorium
Kazuyoshi Akiyama, Guest Conductor
Music of: Brahms, Berlioz, and Tchaikovsky
77ms as a benefit concert for scholarship funds of the UBC Department of Music and the
Junior Symphony Society.
. Tickets on sale at the UBC Department of Music.
Thurs., Sun. 7:00    Fri., Sat. 7:00, 9:30
$1.00    SUB Aud.
Going To Look For A Job?
The student affairs committee of the UBC Alumni
Association may be able to help you in your quest with
two FREE booklets . . .
A limited number of these practical guides to putting
your best foot forward are available from Speakeasy,
SUB or by visiting the alumni office in Cecil Green Park
(at the north end of campus) between 8:30 a.m. and
4:30 p.m.
terrible, as some of these examples
• during a presentation by Bob
Peterson, executive vice-president
of Esso Resources Canada, the
group lit a small bonfire on their
• during a film presentation by
Syncrude Canada Ltd., the group
threw sugar cubes at the other delegates. This attack was prolonged;
• while on the University of Alberta campus, the group ransacked
a lecture theatre, pulling out a fire
hose, and taking many signs.
I understand that even as dean of
applied science, you have very little
control over these students, especially at such a student function. I
understand also that the delegates
fees were paid by the alumni association. Perhaps this expenditure
should be reviewed.
As mentioned above, these students are not welcome in Edmonton.
I am certain Queen's University,
host of the 1981 Congress, does not
welcome them either.
Thank you for hearing our griev-
ances- James Embury
and six others
Graduate Studies in
Fine Arts
at York University
Two-year programs in Dance. Film. Music. Theatre, and
Visual Arts lead to Master of Fine Arts degrees at York.
Graduate programs currently include: Dance history and
criticism; Musicology of contemporary cultures; Visual
Arts/Studio art (painting, drawing, sculpture, design,
photography, graphics, experimental arts); Theatre
(performance, playwriting, directing, design, production);
Film — not offered in 1980 (Canadian film production and
film studies).
For more information, contact: Mrs. Magda Davey, Faculty
of Graduate Studies, York University, Downsview
(Toronto), Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3.
Telephone (416) 667-2426.
Undergraduate degree programs and Summer Studies are
available in all five Departments. Contact the Information
Officer, Faculty of Fine Arts, York University, Downsview
(Toronto), Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3.
Telephone (416) 667-3237.
The taste
says it all. Page 8
Tuesday, February 19,1980
She Vancouver Sun
Founded in 1886
Editor. Editorial Pages
Managing Editor
Editor Emeritus
Th9 Vancouver «5.,„ 	
nt. ft is
for Canadian University Press
The sight of a hard-hitting corporate expose in your daily newspaper is as rare as the
politician who keeps a promise.
It's not that corporations don't make scandalous decisions adversely affecting people's
lives. They do.
Muckraking journals like Mother Jones,
which rely on donations from subscribers to
survive, have exposed corporate corruption
regularly. Revelations about the deadly Ford
Pinto, and a company whose distribution of
defective contraceptive devices caused several
deaths are but a few examples.
But daily newspapers generally choose not
to track down these stories themselves, mainly because they depend on corporate advertising revenue to make a profit.
As such, newspapers are themselves corporations, corporations growing larger and
becoming more concentrated.
The Thomson newspaper chain is a good
Like a starving wolf in a pit of rabbits,
British Lord and multi-millionaire Kenneth
Thomson has devoured 51 papers in
Canada's publishing hutch.
Thomson's latest $165 million takeover of
F.P. Publications netted him another eight
daily newspapers including the prestigious
Toronto Globe and Mail.
The acquisition was financed largely by
profits from his North Sea oil investments.
(These same revenues also helped Thomson
buy out the Hudson's Bay, Zellers and Simpsons-Sears department stores last year.)
But nary a whimper was heard from Canada's communications establishment. No one
suggested that this might represent too much
control over the media by too few people.
Globe and Mail publisher Roy Megarry
said the changing of the guard "augers well"
for the paper. Likewise, Winnipeg Free Press
boss Don Nicol said the takeover coup would
be "beneficial" for his paper.
But what does the future hold for the new
Thomson acquisitions?
The British magnate has a notorious reputation for transforming reputable community
newspapers into what critics have called
"Thomson clones." The papers are stripped
of their individual face and are made look-alikes of dozens of journals in Thomson's expanding chain.
"By 1971, Thomson newspapers were almost interchangeable; one had to read the
masthead banners to tell them apart," writes
James Lamb in his recent book, Press Gang:
Post-War Life in the World of Canadian
Even the comics and features were packaged in Toronto and sent out to publishers, he
said, adding that if a publisher wanted to run
a feature from outside the package, he would
be bluntly asked, "How many new readers
Ct     r> pacrfi
will it add?"
Lamb spent more than 20 years at the
Thomson-owned Orillia Packet and Times
and says that most of the newspaper's energy
was spent on meeting profit quotas set down
by the head office in Toronto. Reporters
spent so much time writing "boilerplate"
(stories which were complimentary to advertisers) that they had little time left for actual
Lamb finally left the Packet and Times in
1971, disgusted by a head office attempt to
squeeze more profit out of the paper at the
expense of its carrier boys.
"The Thomson group was the greatest
money-making organization in the country
outside the Canadian Mint," he says. "The
idea of this newspaper colossus wrestling
some grubby-faced kid for another half-cent
of his meagre earnings struck me as enormously funny."
But when it became clear Lamb's associates were serious about the move, he resigned.
And the chain's penny pinching exploits
have become legend.
At one Thompson plant, women workers
were told they had used too much toilet paper, having gone over their month's alloca-
Ottawa Journal
(Q» (&bk* and ^iail
Winnipeg Free P$»v
Dicfaria j?F?Vfc
€fo l^Sduuer Sun
Zh? Sails
e Herald
tion. But that's small change compared to
some horror stories, stories almost every
printer formerly with Thomson tell with
relief now that they no longer face the incredible cost cutting efforts.
But if Thomson cares little about his news
product and his employees, he does pay close
attention to the bottom line of the balance
In 1978, Thomson reaped profits of $47.3
million and by 1979 he increased this figure
to $56.5 million. It is no wonder that Kenneth's father, Roy, (who got his son started
in the newspaper business) observed that
owning a communications business was like
"having a licence to print your own money."
The Senate report on the mass media
brought out in 1970 concurred with the elder
Thomson, noting that newspaper ownership
generates profits which are on the average
twice that of a factory or a retailing outlet.
The Senate report pointed out another
trend amongst monopoly newspaper chains
which seems particularly true of Thomson.
"Newspapers are pulling the maximum out
of their communities and giving the minimum in return," it states. "This is what in
contemporary parlance is called a ripoff."
In short, with newspaper profits growing enormously they can afford to plow back more
money to make the paper a better product —
but they aren't.
Syndicated columnist Douglas Fischer says
that when he was an MP for the constituency
of Thunder Bay in the early '60s, he asked
Roy Thomson, who owned Thunder Bay's
newspaper, if he could include more columns
about federal politics in his paper. Fischer
argued that the local citizens had a high degree of interest in the subject.
Thomson replied: "Frankly, what would
be the point of it? It wouldn't sell one more
paper in the market area."
"Precisely," notes the Senate report, "the
paper is earning a pile already; why reduce
profits by putting out a better product?"
The attitude of FP publishers towards their
newspapers has been an "odd compound of
patrician responsibility and estate planning,"
to quote a recent story in the Globe and Mail.
"While the previous owners saw their paper
as a good investment they were also proud of
their quality and opposed any kind of editorial interference," the story said.
Globe and Mail publisher Megarry does
not believe however that Thomson will interfere with the Globe's quality. He believes
the Thomson organization will treat the
Globe in the same manner accorded the
Times of London, the venerable journalistic
institution in England which Thomson controls.
In 1978 and '79, three F.P. papers, the Ottawa Journal, the Montreal Star and the
Vancouver Sun were all hit with labor walkouts. While the Sun and Journal continued to
publish at strike's end, the Star folded after
incurring losses estimated to be $30 million,
leaving the Southam chain's morning Gazette
the single anglophone daily. Tuesday, February 19,1980
Page 9
Labor battle in Nova Scotia
yfifetui ifo®
15® Itelbfey'7 Mktelta
for Canadian University Press
On Dec. 28 the Nova Scotia government
passed an amendment to the Trade Union
Act which required "interdependent"manufacturing plants owned by the same employer to form one bargaining unit. Bill 98,
or the "Michelin Bill, "as the amendment is
commonly called, is generally assumed to
be aimed at preventing the Michelin Tire
Corporation's plants in Granton and
Bridgewater from unionizing.
This article, the second and final in a
series, takes a look at the relationship between the government and the tire company.
In a region with limited natural resources
and a high unemployment rate, Nova Scotia has looked to expanding its small manufacturing sector for the past years.
Wooed by a government hungry for jobs,
the provincial economy went through a decade of expansion spurred by foreign investment that ended in the early 1970s. Gulf
Canada (wholly owned by its U.S. parent)
built a refinery in Point Tupper, the Swedish-based Stora Kopparberg built a kraft
mill in the same area, U.S. Scott Paper built
pulp and paper facilities in Abercrombie,
General Electric built a heavy water plant in
the Point Tupper area.
Some are still in the province today.
Other more consumer oriented manufacturing interests such as Clairtone in Nova
Scotia and Bricklin in New Brunswick were
sensational failures and cost the taxpayers
One of the biggest corporations to come
to the province was Michelin. The French
tire giant expressed an interest to come to
Canada in the late '60s, setting off a bidding war between the Quebec and Nova
Scotia governments to see who could offer
the most attractive tax deals and subsidies.
Nova Scotia finally won Michelin's favors
after an estimated 40 meetings in 1968 and
The provincial government gave the corporation an $8.6 million grant, a $50 million loan at approximately 3 Vi per cent less
than the prime lending rate, and a pledge to
buy $14.3 million in Michelin bonds. The
municipalities of Bridgewater and Pictou
reduced taxes to one per cent of real and
personal property tax assessment for a
10-year period and Bridgewater donated 40
acres of land valued at $10,000 for a plant
site. The federal government added $16
million in grants, a tariff exemption on
Michelin tires entering the country, $20
million in credit from Canadian banks, and
an exemption from paying federal income
tax until the two plants were paid off.
Of the approximately $120 million extended to set up the two plants about $80
million can be traced to government aid.
The additional $40 million was made up of
equipment and cash. It is known that some
of the equipment in the Nova Scotian plants
was earlier used in Michelin's European
operations. It is conceivable the equipment
could have been valued at current market
value and depreciated accordingly.
Michelin has become one of the biggest
employers in the province; about 3,000 people are employed between the Bridgewater
and Granton plants.
It has also been acknowledged as the
world leader in keeping its operations relatively union free. Using techniques outlined
in James L. Dougherty's book Union Free
Management and How to Keep It Free and
other practices mentioned in part one of
this article, the percentage of the tire manufacturer's plants that are unionized are
small. Of more than 50 plants world-wide,
only a few in France and the rest of Europe
are unionized to any great degree.
Because of its strategic employment importance, Michelin has always enjoyed
good communications with the provincial
In 1973 operating engineers at the Granton plant applied for certification authorizing them to become a unionized bargaining unit. Michelin asked for and received a
delay in the hearing so it could present evidence concerning the application. In the
meantime, the provincial cabinet, without
consulting any of its labor boards, passed
an Order in Council changing regulations
for certification of craft unions in the Trade
Union Act. The changes made it impossible
for the operating engineers to form a bargaining unit.
During breakfast meetings at the Lord
Nelson Hotel, then Liberal premier Gerald
Regan met with organized labor and persuaded them the changes were good for the
economy and good for organized labor.
Ralph Fisk, Liberal development minister
at the time, and Regan went over to France
to assure Michelin the situation was under
The majority Conservative government
of premier John Buchanan has recently
shown the same concern for Michelin's industrial labor relations policy in passing Bill
The bill is designed to promote employment through expansion of collective bargaining, says labor minister Ken Streatch. It
calls for all employees who work in interdependent plants owned by the same employer to be considered in one bargaining
The government and proponents of the
legislation say it does not make it impossible for workers to organize — it ensures
employees at the plant. The second attempt, in July of 1978, was lost when the
vote was counted six months later in the
midst of a complaint of unfair labor practices at the plant.
The unions third bid culminated in a vote
on Oct. 31 and Nov. 1. The vote has never
been counted as the recent amendments to
the Trade Union Act in the Michelin Bill in
eluded a retroactive clause that whiped out
votes that were pending when the legislation
was passed.
A charge frequently made by Michelin is
that the URW, an international union, is
more concerned about the bulk of its membership in the U.S. than it is with the 3,000
employees in Nova Scotia. It accuses the
union of not trying to organize the Nova
Scotian plants to protect the workers but to
disrupt production in the province to the
benefit of its membership in the U.S.
Michelin also says the union lobbied the
U.S. government to put tariffs on imported
tires, thus making Nova Scotian tires less
competitive and hurting the company and
the people who work there.
Labor minister Ken Streatch underlined
where the government stood when he intro-
AIA WIN war,
that all workers in interdependent plants
have a say in deciding union representation.
The interdependency provision was introduced despite criticisms raised by two key
government labor bodies, the Nova Scotia
Federation of Labor and sectors of the
general public.
While the government defends the bill as
not anti-union, officials freely admit it is
directed at the United Rubber Workers.
The United Rubber Workers have been in
Nova Scotia almost as long as Michelin has.
An international union, its members are
predominantly Americans working at Michelin's biggest competitors — Goodyear and
Firestone. URW has spent about a million
dollars in three attempts to organize the
Granton plant.
The Granton plant in central northeastern Pictou county is in an area with a history of trade unionism. Most other manufacturing workers in the area such as
Hawker Siddeley railroad car works or
Scott paper, are unionized. Bridgewater, located on the picturesque South Shore of the
province, has almost no history of worker
organization as most people have traditionally been employed in the fishing industry, on farms, or in the tourist trade.
The first attempt to certify the Granton
plant in 1977, was withdrawn when organizers seriously underestimated the number of
duced the bill to the House in early December: "And as minister of labor, I declare
that this government does not, and I as
minister of labor do not, oppose or wish to
change materially the collective bargaining
procedure. It's not the principle we concern
ourselves with, it's the abuse of the valid responsibilities of organizations which appear
more concerned with their own political
posture than they are with the rank and file
John MacDonald, president of volunteer
URW Local 1028 in Pictou, says the government "responded exactly the same way
the employees did when this was introduced
during the brainwash campaign."
He says the focus of the URW lobby to
the U.S. tariff commission was directed at
companies from Japan involved in the rubber footwear industry. MacDonald says international president Pete Bommirito made
verbal reference to Michelin and its extensive loan and grant arrangements with Canadian governments at a hearing in Ohio. A
state senator repeated it in congress, and into the congressional record, and Michelin
has used it against URW ever since.
"The URW's representation to the tariff
commission in the United States made no
reference to Michelin at all," MacDonald
In the middle 1970s, Michelin launched a
court action in the U.S. alleging that the
other large tire manufacturers were discrim
inating against it through the tariff commission.
"Michelin was after the companies,"
said Mike Beliveau, URW information officer in Pictou county, "they know damn
well the union has no power to lobby, that's
the irony of it."
Since 1962 the province has used a mechanism that is unique to North America to
stabilize its labor management relations.
Under the auspices of the Dalhousie University Institute of Public Affairs, the joint
labor management study committee has
bridged the traditional gap between the two
In mutual fear of restrictive legislation
both labor and management had declared a
moratorium on directly approaching the
government to make changes in the Trade
Union Act. The study committee would act
as a sounding board and its recommendations would be passed on to the labor minister. The ministry would then decide what
action to take, based on the committee's
Although it was never clear sailing things
worked relatively well from 1962 onward.
In the early '70S, however, the economic
condition of the province had changed.
The spirit of the founding, of the committee, enhanced by the moderate size of the
business interests in the province, the geographic concentration, and the relatively
small number of personalities involved, was
lost on some of the new multinational arrivals to the province.
Organized labor almost withdrew from
the committee when it was not consulted
until after the fact during the operating
engineers case in 1973.
The study committee got its first look at a
draft of what would later be Bill 98 during
the spring of 1979. On the Thursday before
the Easter weekend, Ken Streatch told the
chairman of the study committee, Kell An-
toft, the bill was going to be introduced to
the House the folio wing1Wednesday.
The committee examined the legislation
and came to three conclusions. The committee said the interdependency provision
was a misnomer. Instead of calling for
broad based bargaining, the legislation stipulated broad based certification, the committee said. Broad based bargaining has
usually been understood by labor and management as the practice of several different
unions in the same industry bargaining with
all the employers of the same industry in
two large groups.
On the other hand, the term broad based
certification stipulated that applicants who
would normally be considered as separate
bargaining units would have to apply for
certification to become a bargaining unit
Under the proposed legislation, non-unionized personnel would be considered as
part of a bargaining unit with other unionized employees. An example cited was that
National Sea Product's trawler captains
would be lumped together with non-unionized fishpackers and cutters and organized
truckers. The management caucus of the
committee objected to the bill saying it
would disrupt their already stable labor relations.
The committee also found the relationship between employment and broad based
bargaining to be very indirect and tenuous.
The committee urged the minister not to use
the Trade Union Act as a development tool
and asked for more time to study the proposed legislation.
The legislation was not introduced to the
House the following Wednesday.
Sources close to the committee indicate
that certain people in the management caucus were told the provincial government
was going to introduce the legislation whatever the committee recommended. The Canadian Manufacturers Association in particular wanted the legislation directed away
from its members as it would upset existing
agreements that were working with relative
The bill that was eventually introduced
into the House was substantially a CMA
See page 10: BILL Page 10
Tuesday, February 19,1980
. *»•'
Bill leaves union wheels spinning
From page 9
proposal to limit the scope of the interdependency provision to manufacturing
plants, of which there are only two in the
province who would come under the terms
used — Michelin's.
The deputy minister of labor has observer status on the study committee and while
he does not attend the meetings he does receive the minutes.
The labor caucus of the committee said
the legislation was an attempt to undermine
a principle of the committee's founding
charter which stated that all workers have
the right to organize. The labor representatives asked the management caucus to join
them in protesting the bill to the minister.
The management caucus split with a small
but important minority wanting to support
labor. This minority included industrialist
and millionaire socialist Lloyd Shaw and J.
B. Morrow, senior vice-president of National Sea Products.
The Labor Relations Board's function is-
to administer and interpret the Nova Scotia
Trade Union Act. Under the jurisdiction of
the ministry of labor, the board monitors
bids for union certification and rules on the
appropriateness of bargaining units when
there is a dispute. It consists of labor and
management representatives and is chaired
by a generally acceptable third party.
During the second application for certification made by the URW in 1978 the boarcf
heard extensive testimony on the interdependency of Michelin's operations, and a
variety of other points.
The Trade Union Act gives some direction in deciding an appropriate bargaining
unit stating the decision should be made
with, "regards to the community of interests among the employees in the proposed
unit, in such matters as work location,
hours of work, working conditions, and
methods of communication."
The board decided three out of the four
"community interest factors" were satisfied by both the Granton and Bridgewater
plants. These include hours of work, working conditions, and methods of remuneration. The fourth factor, work location, was
only unique to the unit being proposed, in
this case Granton.
Under the bargaining unit outlined in Bill
98 the unit must consist of all employees
working in interdependent manufacturing
plants owned by the same employer. The
new definition of the bargaining unit stipulates work location as all the locations in
an interdependent manufacturing operation.
Michelin and the provincial government
say the legislation does not limit the rights
of workers but ensures stability in the labor
force. They argue that since one plant ceasing operation would shut down the other interdependent plant, putting those employees out of work, all employees at the two
plants should have the same bargaining
The Labor Relations Board heard this argument in 1978 and admitted there was a
sacrifice in the stability, and the likelihood
of a strike is increased somewhat, by creating two separate bargaining units.
"The board accepts that a strike at one
plant would inevitably bring a halt to work
at another. While the dependence of the
Granton plant and Bridgewater plants is
physically demonstrable to a somewhat unusual degree, it is not uncommon for
separate operations of the same employer
to be heavily dependent on each other in an
economic sense."
The board went on to say, "nobody can
fail to be aware of how dependent economic units in today's world are on each
other, even when they are not owned by the
same employer, but these facts of economic
life have never been held to dictate single
province-wide bargaining units."
Economic facts of life aside the board
also outlined some of the social obstacles
that make including Granton and Bridge-
water in the same bargaining unit unreasonable.
"Employees at Granton live 150 miles
away from employees at Bridgewater. They
do not have social interchange during the
day, develop friendships and acquaintances
and engage in after hours athletic and social
events except on a formal and very occasional basis. If they were combined into one
bargaining unit and certification resulted,
the distance between the two would prevent
any natural cohesion because they do not
have the facilities for communication and
travel back and forth available to management. Any such bargaining unit would not
be a natural unit."
The majority Progressive Conservative
government was harshly criticized by several groups, besides the opposition parties
and labor; for rushing the bill through the
legislature and stifling debate.
The day after the bill was introduced development minister Roland Thornhill announced in the House that Michelin was going to expand its existing facilities and build
a third plant — creating an additional 2,000
jobs. The announcement was greeted with
delight by the government benches and
amidst cries of "Why do we need the bill?"
and "anti-labor," the polarization on the
House floor was set.
Premier John Buchanan refused to withdraw the legislation so more public debate
could be facilitated and within two weeks it
moved to second reading. The House law
amendments committee held public hearings and about 50 groups presented briefs.
Only one, the Halifax Board of Trade, supported the bill. The hearings were so crowded they were moved from the designated
committee room to the more spacious legislative chambers.
Liberal and New Democratic MLAs kept
filibustering until Dec. 23 when the legislature broke for Christmas. One day opposition members taunted individual governments for 11 Vi straight hours in an effort to
flush out backbenchers' personal views on
the bill. They were met with silence. Premier Buchanan said after the session the
government had already made its position
clear and there was no need for continued
debate. The legislature reconvened Dec. 27
and the next day the Conservatives used
their overwhelming majority to pass the
The 70,000 member provincial federation
of assorted trade and public service unions
had denounced the legislation as an outright attack since the first day it was introduced.
The federation argues that the Nova Scotia labor force is the most productive in the
country, losing less people hours per capita
due to strikes than any other province.
Michelin's plants in the province are two of
their most productive in the world. They
term the legislation as needless and point to
Michelin's announcements of further expansion as proof the company is using the
government to satisfy its corporate whim
and not basing its demand on economic
performance. They call the use of the Trade
Union Act a basic erosion of traditional human rights in the province.
President Gerald Yetman has refused to
meet with labor minister Ken Streatch and
publicly ask him to resign. The federation
has withdrawn from the Joint Study Committee and refused to sit on the Labor Relations Board until the new government appointed chairman (a management representative on the board for years) is replaced
by a neutral third party. The federation also
threatened a general strike, and to withdraw from the host of government agencies
and commissions it has representation on.
Organized labor's strategy to fight the
Micehlin Bill has not yet emerged. The resignations from public boards has not happened, the general strike was ruled out because the membership is not solid enough to
guarantee effective militant mass action.
Promised economic sanctions against the
tire company have not been announced.
The federation has stayed to its word not
to meet with the Buchanan government
while it remains in office and a newspaper
informing its members of the ramifications
of the Michelin bill is planned to be out before the federal election.
Organized labor in Nova Scotia is reeling.
After a decade of being told by the Liberals
they were being listened to, despite the operating engineers fiasco of 1973, the federation's contribution to the tripartite bargaining process has been ignored. The traditional three way dialogue among government, business and labor has proved inef
fective in the face of deliberate erosion of
traditional trade union rights.
Unlike the United States, where union
membership is declining (AFL—CIO membership dropped from 34 per cent of the
work force in 1955 to 20 per cent today according to The Economist) unionized employees as a percentage of the work force in
Canada is on the upswing. In Nova Scotia
about 36 per cent of the working population is unionized, down about a point from
a year ago, and slightly under the national
With one out of every three Canadians
unionized labor should have some political
clout. While the provincial federation staggers to assess its position, the national labor
scene is "far too strong to just roll over,"
says one labor economics expert.
As analyzed by the Labor Relations
Board, the distance between Bridgewater
and Granton and the lack of social interplay between the people who live in the
areas and work in the Michelin plants mean
the workers do not have the resources or the
opportunity to discuss the merits of unionism.
Their right to decide whether they wish to
'join the URW or any other union has been
effectively legislated away.
Critics of the legislation say labor relations in the province are as stable as they
will ever be and the work force measures
above the Canadian average in time lost due
to work stoppages. If this bill has been introduced to promote labor stability, it is at
best unnecessary.
Further, as labor regards the loss of a
traditional right to organize, there is the
fear it will become hard line in its bargaining positions, which could lead to strikes
and work stoppages. This would consequently create the insecure climate for investment the bill was passed to avoid.
In addition to the inadequacy of the legislation it is clear the provincial government
is following a development policy that has
never been debated in public.
The carte blanche given to foreign multinational investment as the savior of the provinces' economic plight has one glaring side
effect. It is the vulnerability of the province's social fabric. This is manifested when
a corporation such as Michelin wants and
gets fundamental changes in accepted social
The Citizens' Coalition against the Michelin Bill presented a brief to the provincial
legislature's law amendments committee
during the bill's second reading. The coalition, a group of professional people,
academic and business people, concluded
the brief saying, "Today we are asked to
support the undermining of rights of unorganized workers and established labor management relations. Tomorrow it could be
pollution controls, safety standards, or human rights legislation that will go on the
auction block." Tuesday, February 19,1980
Page 11
to face
All season the Thunderbird basketball team has enjoyed the role of
the underdog. Expected to go nowhere, the 'Birds surprised by winning and impressed by coming
But now, they face harsh reality.
Now, the Thunderbirds must beat
the undefeated University of Victoria Vikings to make the Canada
West playoffs.
"Let me put it this way — we're
quite capable of beating them,"
said coach Peter Mullins Monday.
"If we shoot well, we can beat
The Thunderbirds moved into
sole possession of second place on
the weekend with two wins over the
University of Alberta Golden
Bears, but to make the playoffs
UBC must finish the season with
more wins than Calgary, presently
in third place. Calgary lost two
close matches to Victoria in the
Alberta town on the weekend, but
have a fairly easy schedule with only
four games remaining.
Men's basketball standings
W   L    Pts.
HOOPING IT UP, UBC basketball players prove too offensive for visiting
University of Alberta teams Saturday. Men's team was led by consistent
play of John Doughty (22, left) as they swept two from Bears to move into
— kevin finnegan photo
second place. Cathy Bultitude (right) was high scorer as women took first
league win of season in squeaker over Pandas. Both squads face tougher
competition on weekend in Victoria.
UBC jocks deliver big shock to west
UBC athletes took Canada West
by storm on the weekend, winning
three championships and posting
several impressive individual performances.
The UBC men's swim team edged
the University of Alberta 132-126 to
win the Canada West title at the
UBC aquatic centre on the
weekend. The Thunderbirds placed
first only in the four by 100 medley
relay but used their depth to outpoint the Bears and four other
schools. UBC received a strong
swim from Neal Carley, who posted
personal best times in placing second in the 100 and 200 metre
UBC women's swim team placed
second in the meet to University of
Victoria. Robin Loucks scored
UBC's only individual first in the
200 metre breastroke, while Janice
Blocka added three seconds.
UBC won the men's diving title
with Don Liebermann winning both
the one and three metre events,
while the women divers placed second to Calgary. Sue Goad placed
first in the one metre and second in
Men's soccer
Men's basketball
UBC 88 Alberta 58
Women's basketball
UBC 47 Alberta 64
Men's ice hockey
UBC 1 Saskatchewan 5
Men's basketball
UBC 64 Alberta 51
Women's basketball
UBC 48 Alberta 47
Men's swimming
Canada West finals
UBC 132
Alberta 126
Manitoba 83
Lakehead 60
Calgary 48
Victoria 3
Women's swimming
Canada West finals
Victoria 121
UBC 108
Alberta 67
Manitoba 64
Calgary 55
Lakehead 31
Canada West finals
UBC 36
Calgary 26
Alberta 19
Manitoba 7
Women's curling
Canada West finals
UBC 6 wins
Victoria 3 wins
Saskatchewan 3 wins
Lethbridge 0 wins
Men's gymnastics
Canada West finals
UBC 204.05
Alberta 195.65
Manitoba 131.9
Calgary 75.4
Women's gymnastics
Canada West finals
Calgary 157.7
Alberta 145.25
UBC 126.6
Men's wrestling
Canada West finals
Alberta 46
Calgary 27
UBC 23
Saskatchewan 19
Men's ice hockey
UBC 4 Alberta 1
Women's soccer
UBC 2 Retreads 1
the three metre to lead the women.
UBC won the combined title in
both swimming and diving. "It
shows what kind of depth we have
to take the championship with so
few wins," said coach Jack Kelso.
UBC will send 11 swimmers and
five divers to the Canadian In-
teruniversity Athletic Union championships at Universite Laval in
Quebec March 7-9. The UBC team
will be twice as large as any other
team from Canada West.
In other Canada West championship action on campus, the UBC
women's curling team went
undefeated in a round robin tournament at the winter sports centre to
win the women's title. The team
skipped by Cathy Jensen was taken
to an extra end by last-place
Lethbridge but managed to save its
perfect record.
The University of Saskatchewan
won the men's title. UBC does not
have a men's curling team.
The men's gymnastics team
received a strong showing from Ed
Osborne to upset the University of
Alberta for the Canada West title in
a meet in Edmonton. Osborne won
five of six events and took the
overall title with a 47.8 score.
UBC's Glen Harder placed fourth
overall and Ralph Bereska fifth.
The women's gymnastics team
placed third in the championships
despite the efforts of Patti Sakaki,
who won all four events and took
the overall title. Sakaki's lowest
score was an 8.8 on the uneven
bars. The women finished behind
Calgary and Alberta.
And the men's wrestling team
finished third at the Canada West
finals, which were also held in Edmonton. Peter Farkas placed first
in the 65 kg. division while Lee
Blanchard (76 kg.), Brent Henderson (86 kg.) and Barry Lam (57 kg.)
took seconds. Farkas and Blanchard will represent UBC at the
CIAU meet in Saskatoon Feb. 29.
And both the men's and women's
volleyball teams will go to the Canada West tournament in Saskatoon
with hopes of qualifying for the national finals.
Victoria Vikings
UBC 'Birds
Calgary D'saurs
Alberta Bears
L'bridge P'horns
Sask. Huskies
The Thunderbirds play Victoria
on the island this weekend and then
finish the season with a pair of
games in Lethbridge on Feb. 29 and
March 1. Lethbridge has a scrappy
team and is always difficult at
home, where the referee union has
more homers than Hank Aaron.
UBC must win three of those four
games to guarantee a playoff spot.
Calgary has an easier time, playing winless Saskatchewan twice and
then hosting Alberta. While Alberta
has been weak this year, Mullins
pointed out the Alberta rivalry
always makes such games a
"It's like us and Simon Fraser,
there's a big rivalry there. Anything
can happen," said Mullins.
"They could split — I'd like to
see it."
UBC must finish with more wins
than Calgary to take the playoff
spot because the Dinosaurs have an
edge in the point spread between
the teams.
The Thunderbirds displayed their
quickness and hot shooting for the
hometown fans for the last time this
year as they dropped the visiting
Bears 88-58 and 64-51. The 'Birds
speed and teamwork were evident
throughout as they constantly
scored up the middle against the
'Bears and simply ran away with the
See page 12. VICTORIA
Bultitude scores multitude
Not many coaches have the gall
to sound optimistic about a 1-17
win-loss record but you'll have to
forgive Thunderette basketball
coach Jack Pomfret.
"We haven't won the world
championships but it's nice to be
Women's basketball standings
W   L    Pts.
Victoria Vikettes
Calgary Dinnies
Alberta Pandas
L'bridge P'horns
Sask. Huskiettes
UBC Th'ettes
coming up," mused Pomfret after
the  Thunderettes  won  their  first
league game of the season 48-47
over the University of Alberta Pandas Saturday evening.
"(The players) are getting
stronger and playing as a cohesive
unit," said Pomfret, who credited a
new-found fast break and a tough
defence as the keys to the victory.
The Thunderettes were led Saturday by Cathy Bultitude's 17 points,
while Agnes Baker added 12.
On Friday night the Thunderettes
were within five points of the Pandas with three minutes remaining
but a late game full court press
backfired as the Pandas went on to
win 64-47. Jane Waddell led UBC
with 15 points while Bultitude added 12. Page 12
Tuesday, February 19, 1980
'Bird droppings
Forty three competitors ignored
the rain Sunday to race in the fifth
slalom challenge of the year to be
sponsored by the UBC sports car
club. Doug Carlisle managed to
avoid the underwater parts of B-lot
long enough to place first in class
one while driving a modified turbo
Victoria looms
next for 'Birds
From page 11
UBC shot 54 per cent hriday
night and 52 per cent Saturday from
the floor, with Brad Findlay scoring
22 points in the first game and John
Stark matching that figure in the second. John Doughty played a
steady series and added 16 points
each night.
But all that is in the past for the
'Birds, as they head to Victoria
knowing they must win at least one
game if they are to make the
playoffs of their own accord. And
that is as it should be, for those
playoffs will find the second place
team back in Victoria for a best of
three series with the lofty Vikings.
From page 3
Carney says she will fight for her
constituents even though her party
will be in opposition. "I intend to
work for the special interest groups
— gays, seniors and others."
And Carney is not surprised at
her victory. "1 told Ron Johnson
early in the campaign that it was my
wish that he'd come in second.
"He's a great campaigner. I hope
he runs again but somewhere else."
Carney's son John is ecstatic. It's
a double treat for him because he
won a class election in high school
earlier in the day. "I think it's
great," he says.
10:04 p.m.
Carney's supporters sing For
She's a Jolly Good Fellow. Then
the band strikes up a smooth Dixie
beat and Carney does a slow jive
with her campaign manager.
"This is the only happy spot in
the whole damn country," says one
Tory supporter. "I'm happy about
this," he adds. "Ron Basford's a
partner in my law firm." (Ron
Basford is a former Vancouver
Centre Liberal MP and cabinet
minister who also ran Phillips' reelection campaign.)
Hotel Vancouver, 10:25 p.m.
A few cheers echo around the
room and the band plays for the
benefit of the less than 60 people
present. Many of them are media
people and most of them are sober
— the main Tory celebration is
charging for liquor, unlike Carney's
10:50 p.m.
Carney appears shortly after
Vancouver South Tory MP John
Fraser speaks to the assembled
Conservatives. Her supporters
precede her, chanting "We want
Pat! We want Pat!" (They wave
signs and exude victorious cheers.)
"If we had to lose, this is a nice
way to lose," says one of Fraser's
Rumors drift around the room
that Joe Clark cannot survive long
as party leader after such a strong
rejection from the voters.
Carney isn't ready yet to make a
firm move on the Tory leadership
she says, and adds that Clark might
not have to step down anyway.
"That's a hypothetical question,"
she says, but admits that others
have suggested it.
"I've got a disadvantage," she
adds. "I'm not bilingual."
But as she starts to walk away to
join her wellwishers, Carney turns
back and puts her hand on my arm.
"Maybe I should take an immersion course."
Mustang. Volker Wagner took class
two in a 1980 Corvette while Peter
Pistner won class three in a Datsun
510 by turning in the fastest time of
the day. John Zwaagstra took class
four by six hundredths of a second
over Jay Poscente, while Darlene
Gartner posted the fastest women's
time of the day in a Honda Civic.
The sixth and final challenge race
will be on March 16.
There is only one problem about
taking a break from classes this
week. UBC intramurals is going to
take a break too.
There will be no three kilometre
run at noon Friday as advertised,
due to the mid-term break.
Watch for intramurals' big week
in late February, though, when they
will host a storm-the-wall event and
a giant aquatics show as well as co-
rec football.
Shefa Vegetarian
Hillel House
Women's basketball
Men's rugby
UBC at Victoria
UBC at Long Beach
3 km run cancelled
Women's field hockey
Women's squash
Men's ice hockey
UBC vs. Doves, 2:30 p.m
UBC vs. Hollyburn
UBC vs. Saskatchewan
McGregor field
7:15 p.m., winter sports
8:30 p.m., winter sports
JVs vs. Tigers, 1 p.m.
Balaclava field
Men's basketball
UBC at Victoria
Totems vs. Rebels
1 p.m., Tisdall park
Women's basketball
Last day of registration:
UBC at Victoria
Men's rugby
Co-rec bike tour, Galiano
UBC at Santa Barbara
Canada West tourney.
Men's rugby
UBC at Santa Barbara
Women's soccer
Women's ice hockey
Men's basketball
UBC vs. IODE, 10 a.m.,
UBC at Flindall
UBC at Victoria
Maclnnes field
FRI. & SAT. FEB. 22-23-8:00 P.M.
S.A. C. Reps on . . .
• Thunderbird   Winter   Sports   Center   Management
• Aquatic Center Management Committee
Tuesday, February 26th. 1980 — 4 p.m.
Students needed for . . .
• Elections Committee
• Budget Committee
• Art Gallery Programs Committee
• Whistler Cabin Management Committee
Friday, March 14, 1980
Diane Campbell
Secretary SAC
Prices from $56 and up
V**- 3425West Broadway.T&ncouver 738-3128   .
Arts Undergraduate
Society Presents . . .
the second in a series of outdoor concerts
Featuring The
Thursday, Feb. 28, 12:25 p.m.
North-West SUB Plaza
A Special General Meeting of
the A.U.S., to approve a new
undergraduate        society
constitution and by-laws.
(Check next Tuesday's UBYSSEY for exact
location — for further information contact
Bob Staley in Buchanan 107). Tuesday, February 19,1980
Carleton rejects fee hike
Page 13
OTTAWA (CUP) — Carleton
University senate has rejected a proposal to increase tuition by 17.5 per
cent next fall, despite the university
president's worry that administrators will look like "damn
Senate agreed that a fee increase
is the only way to bail Carleton
University out of its projected $2
million deficit, but they could not
agree on how much that increase
should be. (The senate rejected its
budget review committee's proposal
to increase fees).
Vanier hits
racist bank
Vanier College students' association
has moved its account from the
Royal Bank of Canada because of
that bank's loan policy with South
Council president Stephen
Caminsky sent a letter to the bank
late last year informing the institution of their decision. The letter
stated that the government of South
Africa enforces a policy of apartheid and racial discrimination and
that the council is "vehemently opposed to such policies."
The Royal Bank responded by
sending Caminsky an information
package of its policies toward South
In a letter to Caminsky, bank
president R. C. Frazee said, "each
individual loan proposition is
carefully examined, not only from
the traditional point of view of
security risk and return but also
from the perspective of social
"The bank will not make loans to
any borrower, in South Africa
where the bank judges that the
funds will support or facilitate the
application of apartheid policy or
that country's past laws system."
Included in the information
package was a copy of an advertisement in the Wall Street Journal explaining the hardships that South
African blacks would suffer if
Canadian banks were boycotted.
A 1978 press release included in
the package said "the Royal Bank is
the first Canadian bank to reveal
that it has not made loans to the
South African government or its
agencies for almost two years."
Another press release said that in
many cases money loaned to South
Africa is used to improve the social
welfare of blacks.
David Lai, Vanier Council
treasurer at the time of the move,
said he thought the letter to the
bank might influence other people
or groups to change banks.
Caminsky said he believes any
loans to South Africa support the
government and adds that he is not
personally convinced the Royal
Bank's loans do not further the
racist regime.
The Dawson College students'
council moved its account from a
bank which deals with South Africa
last year.
f    51
Big or
Small Jobs
2060 W. 10th-
Eve. and Holidays 732-9898
Also Garages. Basements, Yards
Student senators thought the
defeat of the proposal to add a 10
per cent increase to the mandatory
17.5 per cent announced by the provincial government Jan. 1 was a
heartening victory.
But the tuition battle at Carleton
is far from over.
The senate has no real power over
financial matters at the university
— the Carleton board of governors
decides on tuition levels. And a
board decision on the level of the
increase is expected to be made at
their meeting Thursday.
University president William
Beckel has warned that an increase
at Carleton is inevitable considering
the university's declining enrolment, the level of inflation and the
low level of grant assistance to the
university by the provincial government.
President Beckel said university
administrators "run the risk of
looking like damn fools" if they ignore the optional part of the proposed increase.
Student president Kirk Falconer
told senate that too great an ir
crease could bar students of lower-
income families from a university
Meanwhile, at the university of
Toronto, a committee of the U of T
governing council, the university's
combination of senate and board of
governors, will be considering a
proposal next week which could
result in the highest possible tuition
incrases for U of T students.
Harry Eastman, U of T registrar
and vice-president of research and
planning, will be putting a proposal
before the planning and resources
committee at Monday's meeting
calling for more than a 17 per cent
increase in tuition for some
If the governing council accepts
Eastman's recommendations, increases for next fall will be:
• $710 to $834 for arts and
science or 17.4 per cent;
• pharmacy, music and law
from $725 to $858 or 17.4 per cent;
• medicine from $945 to $1,089
or 15.2 per cent.
The proposal also calls for a basic
visa student fee hike from $1,500 to
$1,612 for an increase of 7.5 per
10% Discount
 for    all    students    on
hairstyling by Karin and Terry with
presentation of this ad. Offer expires April 5. 1980.
ken hippert
hair company ltd.
(next to the Lucky Dollar
in the Village)
.DROP IN OR CALL 228-1471^
At Hillel House
with guest
Prof. Nathan Divinski
Youths 12 through 21 can save 15%
off the regular fare.
Say good-bye to stand-by.
Pacific Western's Youth Fare seats
are confirmed	
Pacific Western flies to more than
50 destinations across Western
Get a break next break call your
travel agent or Pacific Western
Tuesday, February 19,1980
'Tween classes
Defeated federal candidates wilt leap from Lions'
Gate Bridge, 1 p.m., Burrard Inlet.
Tape and discussion on Canadian immigration
policy, noon, Buch. 312.
General meeting, noon, SUB 113.
Bible discussion, noon, St. Mark's College.
Shrove Tuesday dinner, 5:30 p.m.,  St.  Mark's
Now learn how
Russians vote
The snow is cold, the political climate is hot and the leadership is
old. Join former CBC Moscow correspondent David Levy on a tour
through the Russian underground
Feb. 26 at noon in Buch. 106.
General meeting, noon. SUB 130.
Regular meeting. 1:30 p.m., SUB 130.
Film: First Days of Life, noon, SUB 207.
Conversation groups, noon, Buch. 218.
Lecture   on   biomedical   research   at   TRIUMF,
noon, IRC 1.
General meeting, noon, SUB 230.
General meeting with new members welcome,
730 p.m. to 9:30 p.m., MacMillan 278.
Special slide show on Mt. Logan, first ascent of
N.W. ridge, noon, Chem. 250.
General meeting, noon, SUB 211
Guy Narbonne speaks on the Paleoecology of
Silurian Lithistid Sponge Bioherms on Somerset
Island, 3:30 p.m.. Geological Sciences 330A.
Fat is a feminist issue discussion group, noon,
SUB 130.
Anglican-United SCM   community   meal,   5.30
p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Ash  Wednesday  service,  7:30  p.m.,   Lutheran
Campus Centre
General meeting and film, noon, SUB 212.
master charge
hair csLudio inc.
5784 University (next to Bank of Commerce)
Career Choices
A Workshop for Women Students
Series II: Intermediate Stages
Five weekly sessions will help you:
1) Re-assess your skills and interests
2) Evaluate your career priorities
3) Develop effective resumes
4) Learn exploratory interview strategies
5) Sharpen your job interview skills
DATES: February 29 - March 28
TIME:      12:30 - 2:30 p.m.
PLACE:   362 Brock Hall
Register at the Women Students' Office,
Room 203 Brock Hall, by
Hurry! Registration is limited!
The Big Night of African reggae music, 8:30
p.m., International House upper lounge.
Kurtz kitten-shaving and Brando worship, 3:46
a.m., Wheelhouse dungeon. All dogs will be exterminated with extreme prejudice.
Open forum, 7:30 p.m., Vancouver School of
Theology 103.
Spring-break dance, 8:30 p.m., Grad Student
Cheap Thrills 19 presents Fingerpnntz, 8 p.m.,
SUB ballroom
Martin Lockley speaks on depositional environments and faunal associations in the Ordovician
of Wales, 3:30 p.m.. Geological Sciences 330A.
Dalhousie University
Department of Physiology & Biophysics
Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 4H7
Opportunities For:
Graduate Studies (M.Sc. & Ph.D.)
Postdoctoral Fellowships
J. C. Szerb
M. Wilkinson
R. Rosen
D. M. Regan
P. M. Rautaharju
Transmitter Release/Regulation
Neural Control of Fertility
Biological Control/Biomath
Vision/Hearing: Normal/Abnormal
Smoking, Obesity, Exercise:
Ischemic Heart Disease
Write or Phone
RATES: Student - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial - 3 lines, 1 day $3.00; additional lines SOc. Additional days *2.75 and 46c.
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in advance.
Deadline is 17:30 a. m., the day before publication.
Publications Office, Room 241, SL UB.. UBC, Van.. 8. C V6T 1W5.
5 — Coming Events
20 — Housing
70 — Services
Free Public Lecture
Foreign Correspondent
Toronto Globe and Mail
The Myth & The Reality
John Fraser's lecture will be based
on personal experiences as a foreign
correspondent in the People's
Republic of China.
SATURDAY, FEB. 23, AT 8:15 P.M.
requires a
Sales experience and knowledge of
motorcycles required. Salary, commission and share in business profits
offered. Reply to:
2375 Milford Rd.,
Campbell River, B.C. V9W5H3
or phone 923-3755 evenings.
PREGNANT? NEED HELP? Call Birthright
for free confidential help. 687-7223. We
care about you.
DIFFERENT DAY CARE. Licensed family
care. Excellent facilities and planned program. Qualified nursery teacher. Many extras, including transportation to nursery
school if desired. Prefer two and a half to
five years, with a view to stable care until
grade one. Near 41st Ave. and Oak St.
3630 W. Broadway
Dr. Bina Nelson, Dir.
(Ed.D., New York University)
For information phone:
25 — Instruction
30 — Jobs
Little Exp. Fantastic Tips! Payl $1600-$3800
summer. Thousands needed. Casino's, Restaurants, Ranches, Cruises, Rafting, etc.
Send $4.95 for Applications/lnfo/Referrals
Lakeworld 141, Box 60129
Sacramento, CA
Need a Graduation Dress?
Bring your fabric and patterns to
Special Offer: $25.00 to make your
dress. Offer expires March 30, 1980.
By appointment only: 734-5015.
(West 2nd Ave. & Larch St.)
"The Creature has a purpose
and its eyes are bright with it."
What do we mean when we talk
of the purpose of human life?
Simon Fraser University
SUNDAY, FEB. 24, 11:30 A.M.
Cruiseships/Sailing Expeditions/ Sailing
Camps! No experience. Good pay. Summer. Career, nationwide, worldwide.
Send $4.95 for application/info/referrals
to: Cruiseworid 141, Box 60129.
Sacramento. CA.
Have your resume sent to HUNDREDS
of companies who hire grads from Commerce, Sciences, Law, etc. Nominal fee.
Send for full details.
IStn G), Vancouver V6G 4J6
85 — Typing
35 - Lost
A TI-58 CALCULATOR, I need it for midterms. 224-9751 Simon or message.
Great Sentimental Value. Reward
exceeding value offered. Call Wilson
40 — Messages
10 — For Sale — Commercial
wood H12ROK Hockey sticks $4.95; grey
sweat pants $9.95; polyester hockey jerseys
$9.95; racquetball racquets $9.95; bicycle
panniers, $14.95; Wilson World Class tennis racquets $29.95 (strung); grey-colored
down jackets $34.95; Nike LDV Or Osaga
joggers $39.95; Waxless X-Country ski
package $79.50; and dozens of other well-
priced items at 3615 West Broadway,
11 - For Sale — Private
HP-25 SCIENTIFIC Programmable Calculator.
Hardly been used. Call 681-6573 after 6:00
A 20 YR. OLD STUDENT in 3rd year Health
Sciences is seeking female companionship.
Write box 40 this paper.
TYPING 80c per page. Fast and accurate.
Experienced typist. Phone Gordon,
TYPING. Essays, theses, manuscripts,
including technical, equational, reports, letters, resumes. Fast accurate. Bilingual.
Clemy 266-6641.
YEAR ROUND expert essay and theses
typing from legible work. Phone 738-6829
from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.
rates. 266-5053.
Bobby (16) Lenarduzzi,
Phil (#1) Parkes:
We can shine all the time.
Home or away we floss every day.
Happy Valentines!
50 - Rentals
65 — Scandals
Thanks for the interesting birthday. I can
hardly wait for the next one.
Judith   Filtness,   5670  Yew  St.   9 to  5,
266-6814. Type anything.
TYPING 70c PER PAGE. Fast and accurate.
Will do rush jobs. Campus drop off and
pick-up easily arranged. Phone 228-2160.
90 — Wanted
ARE      YOU       HAVING      TROUBLE
keeping physically fit? If so, you are invited
to join a new program, in which we will attempt to match you with an exercise partner. Get involved, get fit, no cost. For further information call David Myles 733-9015
(early evenings).
99 — Miscellaneous
20 — Housing
ROOMS FOR RENT 2280 Wesbrook. Phone
224-9679. Ask for Chris or Ted.
Producer has 5-bedroom house, Henley
England to exchange for 3+ bedroom
house April 20-May 31,1980 or part thereof.
Phone (403) 452-9990 9:00-5:00. Tuesday, February 19,1980
Page 15
McGill workers call
'unlimited' strike
University service employees began
an "unlimited" strike yesterday
with support from students and various campus organizations.
After a year of negotiations with
the university, 400 union workers
are striking over union rights, grievance procedures, subcontracting of
jobs, job definitions and workload.
"We are asking students and
teachers to respect picket lines and
we are appealing to student and
teacher associations to form support committees," said union negotiator Simon Berlin.
Workers have set up picket lines
at several points across the campus,
including the university's main gate
and in front of residences.
Some students have boycotted
classes in support of the service employees, whose walkout will affect
the residence cafeteria, computer
centre, university mail and maintenance services. No official announcement has been made concerning
cancellation of classes by professors
otj departments.
^The McGill students' society says
it supports students' right to decide
for themselves if they should respect picket lines.
The McGill faculty union issued a
statement last December urging its
members to respect picket lines and
Alan Fenichel of the faculty union
has reaffirmed this stand.
The McGill teaching assistant association has passed a resolution
"to defend the right of teaching assistants to refuse to cross picket
While the residences will be
picketed, Berlin said students will
not be prevented from entering the
building. The residence head has
granted students $7 per day for
food while the residence cafeteria is
The union has already signed a
sectorial agreement between Quebec unions and the provincial government which settles the major
monetary issues of salary, vacations
and job security. McGill is the only
university which has not settled
local issues.
"McGill is the only university doing this," said Berlin. "They are arguing for articles below the status
quo, and are trying to take back
rights we have won over the years."
Meanwhile, the McGill administration is circulating a leaflet outlining the university's position on the
strike. "It would be expected that
all staff, both academic and non-
academic, would come in to take up
their normal duties," the leaflet
Monday, Mar. 3, 1980—12:30 pm
Rm. 211, War Memorial Gymnasium
Your education deduction forms for the
period   May   to   August,   1979   may   be
incorrect. Your department must submit a
list of all grad. students, who were fulltime
during this period, to the Registrar's Office.
The Registrar will issue the corrected forms
(we hope!).
Grad. Student Assoc.
Everyone We/come
FEB. 23 - 8:30
Graduate Centre, UBC
Sponsored by Hillel House   224-4748
The Sky Diving Club, Aqua Soc, the Canoe Club,
UBC Diving Team and Synchro Swim B.C.
Thursday, Feb. 28, 12:30
Men, Women & Mixed — 5 person relay team
2 Km Jog • 200 M Swim • 4 Km Cycle • 200 M Sprint
culminating in all 5 members scaling a 12' wall.
Register by Friday, Feb. 22, Rm. 210 War Memorial
Friday, Feb. 29, 12:00 noon
Mclnnes Field
•  underwater video by CAN DIVE sports •
Canoe Club - GUNNEL BOB
12:30 Mclnnes Field, for Landlubbers Male &■ Female
Kicks off at 12:30 noon, Fri. Feb. 29th
and continues Mon., Wed. & Fri. of the following week
Register teams by Mon. Feb. 25 in Rm. 210 War Memorial
Friday, Feb. 29th, 8:00 p.m.
A campus-wide dance featuring the sounds of RAGE
SUB Ballroom
Door Prizes, Good Eats and F.U.N.
Tickets $2 (going fast!)
Available in the AMS business office, or Rm. 210, War Memorial Page 16
Tuesday, February 19,1980
!  v.
Ontario lumps en Liberal bandwagon
Canadian University Press
national bureau chief
OTTAWA — Ontario voters decided
Monday to show British Columbian's the
real meaning of the word volatile.
The province which gave Pierre Trudeau
the electoral bum's rush only last May turned around to offer him 44 of its 95 seats and
a majority government.
While most of the Tory heavyweights —
Flora MacDonald, David Crombie, Sinclair
Stevens and Walter Baker — were returned,
a score of backbenchers, the majority from
Toronto and southern Ontario, are looking
for new jobs today.
The Ontario popular vote tells the story.
In May of 1979 the Tories picked up about
42 per cent, while the Liberals held on to 36
per cent. Last night the percentages simply
flipped around and the NDP held steady at
22 per cent.
The NDP suffered a serious setback to its
hopes of improving its position in the
House of Commons because Ontario refused to rally behind leader Ed Broadbent. In
northern Ontario, labor critic John
Rodriguez of Nickel Belt and Timiskaming
MP Arnold Peters were bested in surprise
upsets. Energy critic Cyril Symes also fell to
a major Liberal drive in Sault St. Marie.
On the plus side the NDP picked up
Hamilton Mountain and Beaches in Toron
to, but ended up with just six seats, the
same as in 1979.
The Ontario results are a crippling blow
to the aspirations of Broadbent and also
point out the inability of the Canadian
Labor Congress to convince workers to
vote NDP. Instead the election results leave
the NDP basically a regional party whose
strength lies in the West. The Atlantic also
disappointed the party, which lost its only
two seats of the region.
The Conservative party's demise at the
hands of fickle Ontario voters appears to
have come from a dislike for two things:
Joe Clark and his budget, which Ontarions
saw as a prescription for economic disaster.
The only big news in Quebec, which
returned 67 Liberals last time, was the
elimination of the Social Credit party that
once boasted 26 seats in the 1960s. The
demise of the Social Credit was grimly
foreshadowed earlier when one of their candidates died and the election in the riding
was postponed.
Only Tory cabinet minister Roch LaSalle
was able to survive the Liberal wave, which
washed former senator and cabinet minister
Bob de Cotret and recent Social Credit convert Richard Janelle and science and
technology minister Heward Grafftey out
of office.
Ontario standings: L-S5, PC-34, NDP-6.
Quebec standings: L-73, PC-1.
Pierre is 'Canada's Indira Ghandi'
Sid Parker (NDP—Kooteney East-
Revelstoke); Lyle Kristiansen
(NDP—Kooteney West); Mark
Rose (NDP—Mission-Port
Moody); Ted Miller
(NDP—Nanaimo-Alberni); Pauline
Jewett (NDP—New Westminster-
Coquitlam); Fred King
Lome McCuish (PC—Prince
George-Bulkley Valley); Frank
Oberle (PC—Prince George-Peace
River); Jim Fulton
(NDP—Skeena); and, Allan
McKinnon (PC—Victoria).
Clarke still
has Quadra
From page 1
worker, Chuck Tayes, 25, sported a
Rhinoceros party button, with bottled beer in hand at a Burnaby
union hall. "About two hours ago,
I was saying to myself, 'I really
wonder if we're gonna win.' But I
predicted an increase in voter support, and we got it."
Party followers greeted a beaming provincial leader Dave Barrett,
in blue pin-stripe suit, with cries of
"Hey, Slim," and hugs and embraces. And as encouraging results
poured in, the 300 supporters drank
to their success, soon oblivious to
the party's major setbacks in Ontario and the Atlantic.
Life  was  a  lot  quieter  at  the
Liberal bash at downtown Vancouver's Hotel Georgia, the joy of
winning the larger race muted by
the dreadful B.C. results. Most of
the party bigwigs and bagmen merely mused about why they won. And
why they lost in B.C.
"Pierre Trudeau is the Indira
Ghandi of Canadian politics," said
former Liberal cabinet minister
Ron Basford, apparently unaware
of the statement's implications.
"It's a commanding political comeback, but as a westerner I'm very
disappointed that west of Winnipeg
we have no seats at all."
A saddened Art Phillips was
overheard telling friends about the
house he would have to sell in Ot
tawa, although his wife Carole
Taylor's television commitments
might prevent them from moving
right away.
"We felt there was a lot less
hostility towards Trudeau this time
than last time," he said later. "It
seemed to be an anti-east attitude
that developed. I don't understand
why people voted the way they
did. I felt that with the national
trends, there would have been some
slop-over to B.C."
But some of the reflection was
unpleasant, even rude. Male
workers at defeated Vancouver
Quadra Liberal Peter Pearse's campaign headquarters on W. 16th
made rude and sexist comments
— geof wheelwright photo
PRINCIPLES UNBENT BY DEFEAT, UBC board of governors member and Liberal hopeful Peter Pearse expresses heartfelt concern for student issues during press conference Monday night. Pearse, who voted with student board members on several issues during campaign in riding which includes UBC residences, promised to
continue struggle for rights of oppressed. At least, we think he did . . .
about Maureen McTeer's sexual
habits, while she and Joe were
speaking on the television to supporters gathered in Spruce Grove,
The Vancouver Liberals did really try to have a good time though.
But basking in the glory of more
successful eastern cousins did not
make for a festive mood.
Few candidates bothered to show
up at the party. Those that did
didn't stay long. "I feel like I'm on
a desert island out here. I might
move back east,"_said one woman
summing up the Liberal
But not everyone was disappointed with the Liberals' dismal
western showing. Vancouver
Quadra Rhino candidate Verne
John Eh McDonald said he expected to get a call from Trudeau
giving him a spot in the senate and a
cabinet post.
While McDonald's chances are
slim, there was a great deal of talk
of the Liberals appointing western
senators like Ray Perrault into the
cabinet to at least get some token
western representation.
In Vancouver Centre, Carney
won with 15,958, Johnson followed
with 14,599 and Phillips trailed with
14,511. In Vancouver Quadra, Bill
Clarke (PC) got 20,851; Pearse
(Lib) 13,694); Alan Bush (NDP)
10,077; and McDonald (Rhino)
In Vancouver East, Margaret
Mitchell (NDP) hung on with
13,897 votes, while Art Lee (Lib)
had 12,502. Kingsway's MP Ian
Waddell (NDP) easily won with
16,929, while former Liberal MP
Simma Holt trailed far behind with
10,959. In Vancouver South, John
Fraser (PC) easily hung onto his
Tory bastion with 22,349, while
Liberal Patrick Graham garnered
10,368. New Democrat Judy
McManus was close behind with
In Burnaby, Svend Robinson
(NDP) had 21,577, beating off
tough Tory opponent Hugh Mawby
with 18,622. Liberal Doreen
Lawson finished well out of the
money with only 10,600. Robinson
also won the Simon Fraser University student residence poll 135 votes
to 66 for the Tories and 40 for
The Liberals' other bright hope
in B.C., Gordon Gibson in North
Vancouver-Burnaby, lost again to
Tory Chuck Cook. Tory Ron Huntington won easily as expected in
B.C's largest cakewalk in Capilano.
The Conservatives also won
Richmond-Surrey-North Delta
(Benno Friesen), Fraser Valley West
(Bob Wenman), Fraser Valley East
(Alex Patterson), and Richmond-
South Delta (Tom Siddon).
Other MPs are: Lome Greenaway
(PC-Cariboo-Chilcotin); Ray Skelly
(NDP—Comox-Powell River); Jim
Manly (NDP—Cowichan-Malahat-
The Islands); Don Munro
(PC—Esquimalt-Saanich); Nelson
Riss   (NDP—Kamloops-Shuswap);
Peter Pearse discovered that it
takes more for a successful run for
parliament than a slick campaign,
UBC connections and faculty club
talk of an upset.
Pearse, the UBC economics professor turned Liberal candidate,
found himself a surprisingly distant
7,157 votes behind Tory incumbent
Bill Clarke.
So it's back to school for Pearse,
who said he was finished with
politics at a downtown Liberal postmortem after the results were in.
Pearse barely dented Clarke's
plurality, despite an endorsing
advertisement in a daily newspaper
Friday, signed by prominent campus Liberals including administration vice-president Chuck Connaghan.
Clarke, who is often referred to
as The Invisible Man for his indifferent attitude to the constituency
of his safe Tory bastion, is saying
his performance at the polls reflects
his ability as MP. "In view of our
sagging support in the province,
(the Quadra results) say something
about the representation of Bill
When asked if he would take a
harder look at student issues in this
session, Clarke said: "I always meet
with the executive of the university
administration and often the
students are too busy."
Clarke also won a majority of the
UBC residence vote, taking 756 to
Pearse's 611, and New Democrat
Alan Bush's 475. But the student
turnout was quite low at the Gage
residence poll.
"We had expected an 80 per cent
voter turnout," deputy returning
officer Bill Rochford said, noting
that only a little more than half had
bothered to vote.
The change of the voting location, which came after the three major candidates petitioned Ottawa,
made voting for residence students
easier at the expense of Acadia Park
residents. They live only a block
away from University Hill secondary school, the original voting
locale, but were told the polling
switch would force them to walk to
Gage about two kilometres away.


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