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The Ubyssey Mar 19, 1982

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Array SALVADORAN SOLDIERS. . .protecting democracy
To those familiar with the democratic process, the idea of holding elections in the
midst of a raging civil war may seem ludicrous,
bordering on insanity. North Americans and
Western Europeans, with a long democratic
tradition, take for granted the liberties that allow
fair elections and democratic representation.
But in El Salvador, such liberties and opportunities do not exist. The people of El Salvador are embroiled in a ferocious civil war in an
attempt to overthrow a repressive military
Yet American president Ronald Reagan and
his administration have declared that elections
are the solution to that country's problems. The
March 28 scheduled elections have spurred much
international debate, and condemnation.
In a position paper on the elections, the
Democratic Revolutionary Front (FDR) has
stated that "The political solution the (U.S.)
state department proposes is that all parties that
renounce violence should be encouraged to participate in the electoral process.
"For the American people, choosing their
representatives through elections is a normal and
obvious process, but our historical experience in
El Salvador is different. In our country, elections
have been used by all military dictatorships during the last 50 years to deceive the people."
In mid-December, 68 countries in the United
Nations declared their support for the FDR's call
for negotiations with the military-Christian
Democratic junta to find a peaceful, political
solution to the civil war. The junta, supported
economically, politically, militarily, and morally
by the Reagan administration, has rejected all
the FDR's requests for negotiations. Instead, the
Salvadoran government intends to push on with
elections in an attempt to gain acceptance in the
international community as a legitimate government.
But opposition to the elections is growing.
Less than a year ago, France and Mexico recognized the FDR as a representative force of the
Salvadoran people. Other countries, such as
Ireland and the Netherlands, have also recognized the FDR and called for a peaceful,
negotiated settlement. These sentiments have
also been expressed by other organizations, such
as the Socialist International, the European
Parliament, the United Nations human rights
commission, and the UN general assembly.
Overtures by Mexican president Jose Lopez
Portillo to act as mediator in negotiations have
been rejected by both the Salvadoran junta and
the Reagan administration. The junta refuses to
engage in talks with the FDR until the rebels
fighting for the Farabundo Marti National
Liberation Front (FMLN) lay down their
weapons. This the FDR/FMLN refuses to do.
The Reagan administration rejects negotiations
because it still holds firmly to the claim that the
FDR/FMLN is controlled by "outside forces."
Thus the elections are intended to bypass the
FDR/FMLN, a broadbased opposition coalition
that enjoys the support of the Salvadoran majority. Without free, equal participation by the
FDR/FMLN, the elections will be a farce.
A recent Toronto Globe and Mail editorial
stated, "The fact of these elections will mean only that the country must wait that much longer
for free elections; the victors will trumpet their
win as an expression of the will of the people
when, patently, it will be nothing of the kind."
FDR leader Guillermo Ungo has rejected the
elections as "window dressing." In the position
paper on the elections, the FDR stated, "The
same military officers who now offer 'free elections' are those responsible for the systematic
repression against all popular opposition to the
According to Oscar Dada, a Salvadoran
refugee living in Canada, the FDR/FMLN insists
that conditions in El Salvador do not allow for a
fair electoral process. Dada says the country is in
"a state of siege," with no democratic liberties,
no freedom of expression, no freedom of
assembly, daily "disappearances," torture, half
a million refugees outside the country, and
38,000 people killed over the last two and one-
half vears.
"These are not conditions for expressing the
popiular wish," says Dada, who was in Vancouver recently. "And also, the FDR/FMLN has
not been invited to participate."
The elections on March 28 are for a constituency assembly to draft a constitution, says
Dada. "It's not electing a new president, which
means the junta is going to continue in power,"
he says. "The military government, that wants
war, is still going to have the power. This constituency assembly is nothing more than a theatrical
The FDR/FMLN is not taking part in the elections because, in addition to the dangers for
leftist candidates, its participation would lend
credibility to the elections and legitimacy to the
government. "The FDR/FMLN has asked the
Salvadoran people to boycott these elections,
and we are sure that the Salvadoran people are in
favor of the FDR/FMLN and are going to respond to this boycott," says Dada.
Dada understands well the complex dilemma
facing El Salvador. He studied economics at the
University Jose Simeon Canas in San Salvador
from 1967 to 1973, and in 1978 graduated with a
doctorate in economics from the University of
Grenoble in France. Returning to El Salvador, he
became a professor of agricultural economics
and international trade at the University Jose Simeon Canas.
From October 1979 to January 1980 he was an
assistant to the minister of planning in the first
junta to hold power after the coup in October
1979. In January 1980, with other leading figures
of that junta, he resigned. With a colleague, he
co-founded the Independent Movement of Professional and Technical Employees, and through
this movement became an FDR member. After
fleeing to Mexico in exile, Dada was accepted by
Canada as a refugee. He is now the FDR's Canadian political and diplomatic representative.
"Our position is that we believe in political
negotiations where we would discuss fundamental and very important problems. And we
believe that the process of elections is a very important element within those negotiations," says
Dada. "After the negotiations, we are willing to
have an election, with the participation of international observers. But only after negotiations,"
he says.
Unfortunately, the junta and the American
government refuse to recognize the FDR/FMLN
as representative of the Salvadoran people. "In
the last year we presented from 10 to 13 peace
proposals," says Dada. "All of them have been
rejected by the Christian Democratic junta and
the Reagan administration."
The FDR/FMLN has presented a peace proposal to the United Nations that includes five
• negotiations must be carried out between
delegates appointed by the FDR/FMLN and junta representatives;
• the negotiations must take place in the
presence of other governments, who as witnesses
will contribute to the solution of the conflict;
• the talks must be comprehensive, and must
include the fundamental economic, political,
sociological and military aspects of the conflict;
• the Salvadoran people must be kept informed of the entire process; and
• negotiations must be initiated without any
pre-established conditions by either side.
"We are not saying in any point that our
popular army is going to disappear. In no point
are we saying that we are going to give up our
arms," says Dada. "We are talking about
creating a new army in El Salvador, with the participation of our forces and of the democratic
forces from the government. In this way the people can count on the guarantee that they have the
elements for a democratic process in El
Dada discounts the Reagan administration's
accusations that the FDR/FMLN would adopt
Communist policies. "In these negotiations we
would guarantee the majority and popular
wishes of the people. We would not accept
negotiations in any other way," he says.
See page 10: El Salvador
Vol. LXIV, No. 61
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 19,1982
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Page 3
Racism: a part ofB. C. history
Your grandparents, if they were white and
Liberal, in all likelihood put up the 1933 election posters which read: "Don't vote CCF or
you'll give the vote to the Chink."
Or maybe they belonged to Vancouver's
Asiatic Exclusion League. Perhaps they supported the formation of the marketing
boards, or joined the hundreds in the attacks
against immigrant workers in the Vancouver
Island mines.
Even if they did none of the above, you
and your family may be participants in institutionalized forms of racism which
characterize Canadian society.
"The racism phenomena is not an 'I like —
I don't like' attitude, but is a form of social,
political and economic policy deeply rooted
in this province," said Ed Lavalle, a labor
lawyer, political scientist and head of
Capilano college's labor studies program.
"The idea of isolating and making
wholesale judgements on a population is
basically nothing new in the province of
Lavalle was one of four speakers at a panel
discussion held at the college Feb. 26. Sponsored by the Association of Canadian Community Colleges, the speakers discussed the
origin of societal racism, its manifestations
and its solutions.
"There is a pattern, that has repeated
itself over and over again, that demonstrates
the economic usefulness of pitting a cheap,
unprotected and unorganized labor pool
against organized white workers," Lavalle
The system has become so entrenched that
most people are not aware of its origins, and
instead develop their own rationale, according to David Chiu of the International
Committee Against Racism.
"If you don't want to challenge the
system, you come up with all kinds of reasons
to explain away the facts. We have come up
with IQ testing and genetic inferiority. But if
we accept that, we accept racism."
"And if every highschool teacher teaches
those theories, accepts them, then they too
are part of the institution of racism."
Canada, as an immigrant-based society, is
particularly vulnerable to racism, because it
contains a broad range of people from all
countries and religions and because of the
consequent exploitation of workers.
Take this quote, for example: "We in B.C.
want no more Hindus. We have, on the coast
of B.C., Chinamen and Japs running our
stores. They are running white people out.
We have the Greeks running our hotels, we
have the Jews running our second hand
stores and now some people want to bring in
the Hindus to run our mills.
"If this country wants to cast B.C. adriTt,
then let her cast it adrift before any more
Orientals come in. If they do, we White people out on the Pacific will prevent any more
Orientals from coming to B.C."
This is not from a Ku Klux Klan pamphlet.
It was a statement made by B.C. premier
Richard McBride in 1907.
"For many years, that attitude represented
the attitude of many of the powerful political
and economic forces of this province, or a
portion of those," Lavalle said. "It
developed out of a perceived economic threat
from the Asian merchant classes and a large
Asian laboring force."
Economics was also the motive for the
mass importation of Chinese workers shortly
after the 1858 gold rush to develop resources
and build the Canadian Pacific Railway.
The laborers were effectively ghettoized,
Lavalle said. They were contracted, housed
separately from white workers, were bonded
to headmen and employers for food and
translation, and were not allowed passage
home without their employer's permission.
They were not treated as humans. The
CPR was repeatedly praised for the high safety standards used in the building of the
railway. No white lives were lost — only
3,000 Chinese were killed.
And in most instances, immigrant labor
was used in the war against the developing
labor movement. As a consequence, the
labor movement took "the easy way out,"
creating exclusionary policies and carrying
out racist attacks, said Lavalle.
"Why do people need the KKK? In
November 1931, the trades and labor con
gress altered its definition of Asiatics, to be
defined in its constitution as 'the members of
a race which cannot properly be assimilated
into the national life of Canada'. Is it any
wonder the KKK didn't grow in Ihe 1930's? It
didn't have to.
"The mainstream institutions of Canadian
society were already imbedded with the same
kind of exclusionary attitudes and policies
that indicated that racism had very strong
roots in our society."
B.C. history is full of racist incidents which
were economically based. In 1913, the
organized white workers in the Cumberland
Extension and Ladysmith mines walked out,
protesting the unsafe working conditions.
Canadian Collieries denied any problems,
and retaliated with a lock out. The company
then hired hundreds of Chinese workers,
without telling them of the unsafe working
conditions, and any workers who refused
were threatened with deportation.
Violent clashes followed. Six union miners
were shot, and the white workers retaliated
by forcing the Chinese into the mine tunnels.
A riot ensued. Buildings and machinery were
looted, burned and destroyed.
And then, at the company's request, the
government sent in the army and 256 men
were arrested. The strike and the union was
ft*    *
EAST INDIANS. . .aboard the Komagata Maru
MJthis country wants to cast
B. C. adrift, then let her cast
it adrift before any more Orientals
come in. If they do,
we White people out on the Pacific
will prevent any more Orientals"
—B.C. premier Richard McBride
JAPANESE . . . leaving Vancouver for internment camps 1942
broken, and the unsafe working conditions
and company profits remained.
The pattern was repeated continually.
White workers, if they attempted to
organize, were faced with the threat of ghettoized immigrant labor, taking their jobs.
They were also economically oppressed but
resorted to racism.
As a result, a tremendous conflict grew
between the federal and provincial governments, Lavalle said. "The federal control of
immigration was pitted against the provincial
control of property and civil rights. The
largest employers, who benefitted from imported labor, pressured the federal government to retain immigration, White at the provincial level the government attempted to use
its powers to exclude immigrants."
This conflict lead to the formation of the
Asiatic Exclusion League in 1907 and the
subsequent Japtown riots later that year; the
relocation of Japanese-Canadians during the
second world war, the Komagata Maru incident, and the firebombing of the German
Social Club and Kaiserhoff Hotel.
But more insidious were the structures
created to preserve white dominance which
still exists today.
In the 20's and 30's, the attempt to rationalize the agricultural system lead to the
establishment of the marketing boards. "But
the understructure of these boards shows that
they were based on racism," Lavalle said.
"The potato marketing board certainly
stabilized the market, but it was also set up
by, staffed by and catered to White, potato
farmers in order to discriminate against the
Chinese farmers.
"Here's a quote from the board: 'We're
trying to maintain the market for Canadians
against the increasing tide of ruthless Chinese
competition.' This was repeated in the
vegetable and fruit marketing boards."
The current work permit system is only a
refined version of the old contract system used to hire the Chinese workers during the
CPR days, Lavalle said. Agriculture,
domestic workers, even the federal government also continue to use the contract
system. And there are still racist policies in
the immigration system, he added.
And during all this, few if any political
parties took an anti-racist stand. Instead, the
mainstream parties advocated racism, as
evidenced by the "Don't vote CCF or you'll
give the vote to the Chink" poster. The
Cooperative Commonwealth Federation
(now the New Democratic Party) was the only electoral party with any kind of anti-racist
stand, said Lavalle.
During the '30s, the CCF fought elections
on franchising the Orientals, and, of course,
lost, he said. And when the franchise did
come in the late 1940's, the racism turned less
overt, with places like West Vancouver's
British Properties restricting ownership.
"The only clear anti-racist forces which
emerged in the province (during the
1920's-40's) were basically within the syn-
daclist, Marxist and the Social-Democratic
left in the trade union movement," Lavalle
"They had a good slogan in 1920: 'The only alien among us is the Capitalist', which,
even if you don't like its economic basis, as
an anti-racist slogan it goes some."
Regrettably, neither Lavalle nor Chiu, or
the other two speakers (Tim Stanley from the
B.C. Organization to Fight Racism and
Frank Rivers from the Squamish Nation),
had many solutions to offer.
In many instances, the implied solution
was 'smash the state," but no one ever said
it. Instead, they fell back on education of the
public and a systematic examination and
eradication of racist policies and structures
within the system.
"The Ku Klux Klan are symptomatic of
the racism that's tolerated at the individual
level in society, but its real political and
economic effects are delivered through the
very legal and other institutional arrangements that make up Canadian society,
whether it be the Immigration Act or the
legislation governing aboriginal people,"
Lavalle said.
"I'll be happy when the day comes when
this insidious institutional and structural accomodation of racism is eliminated." Page 4
Friday, March 19, 1982
Media misses issue
In many cases, media coverage of
racism contributes to the problem,
if not causes it, according to
Capilano College political science
professor Ed Lavalle.
One of the prime examples is
coverage of the Ku Klux Klan, he
said. "They covered the message of
the Klan, not its reality." And now
that the media remains quiet about
the KKK after the initial furor raised over last summer's sensationalists coverage, the Klan continues to grow unchecked.
The result, in the short term, will
be a dramatic escalation of racist attacks, says Tim Stanley of the B.C.
Organization to Fight Racism. Only
when the Klan activities, especially
violent attacks, become widely
known will people turn away from
the racist organization.
The KKK has long been a part of
the western Canadian political
scene. "Although racism is not
restricted to the KKK, the Klan is
the most organized, violent form it
takes in this society, and as such
can't be tolerated," Stanley says.
In B.C., the Klan has at times
been a powerful political and social
force, he said. In the 20's, the Klan
claimed to have four cabinet
ministers as members, and in 1926
about 5,000 people attended a KKK
dinner at the Hotel Vancouver. In
Saskatchewan as many as 40,000
people were KKK members during
the late 20's, and the Klan also
played a major role in bringing
together the Progressive and Conservative parties to form the Progressive Conservatives.
"The only reason people turned
away from the Klan in the 30's was
because its violence became more
apparent and unions took positions
against the KKK — not because of
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the Depression," says Stanley.
But now, with an economic recession, the Klan is again gaining
ascendency. "The Klan tells people
that the reasons for unemployment
and high housing costs are due to
foreigners who don't belong here,"
Stanley says. "People are unarmed
against these arguments.
"But really, there is no relationship between immigration and
unemployment — just look at Newfoundland."
The only way to combat the Klan
is to combat racism in its entirety.
"People may tell 'Paki' jokes at
lunch, but when it comes down to
the bottom line, people fundamentally aren't racist," Stanley says.
"When B.C. citizens find racism intolerable, thesy will find the KKK
Unfortunately, intolerance of the
Klan is often reached only after
prolonged violence. It is here — last
summer's killing of an East Indian
man after a mugging in South
Memorial Park, in a town where
mugging is unusual and killings extremely rare, is only the beginning.
Frank Rivers, a councillor of the
Squamish Nation, has been personally attacked in racist confrontations.
"The KKK is gearing against
us," he said. "Canadian Forest
Products had a permit to take
timber off the Mount Currie
reserve, even though there was no
agreement with the band council,
just a piece of paper that was issued
in the 30's by the government. We
found a way of stopping the logging.
"But then, two weeks later, my
van was attacked by loggers who
said they were joined by people
from Surrey and the Klan. Twelve
people attacked us as we drove up
the highway, shot out our windows,
and tried to rape one of the women
in the van.
"There have also been two other
attempts to run me off the road
after I leave council meetings, and
there have been other attacks on
other leaders for the past five months.
"I believe the Klan has got its eye
on us and is using scare tactics to
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Oct. 1, 1963
Second Cl&u FtaUp Paid .t Union. New Jtntj, VS.A.
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EXAMPLE ... of racist propaganda circulated in Canada
"Canadians have felt rather
smug vis-a-vis the U.S., saying
we're not racist, we're not like
them. But if anything, in some
ways, we are even worse, because in
most cases we never admit we are
"The KKK are not loonies," he
adds. Not until people recognize
this, and fight it, will racism begin
to be eradicated.
delay us (in our land claims settlements and constitutional
Founded little more than a year
ago, BCOFR targets much of its action against the KKK. Stanley, like
Lavalle, Rivers and David Chiu of
the International Committee
Against Racism, says that racism is
unavoidable because it is institutionalized in our society.
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scenes. Friday, March 19, 1982
Page 5
American president Ronald Reagan contends that' 'only a stronger America can prevent war." He is rehashing the 'peace
through strength' dictum of the Prussian
strategist von Clausewitz to justify an expansion of the existing American stockpile of
25,000 weapons by 17,000 in the next two
In direct opposition to Reagan's stance are
thousands of peace movements throughout
the world who insist that only by disarmament can the human race avoid plunging into
Mountbatten's "final abyss".
With a genuine wish for peace, each side
believes the other's policies will inevitably
lead to war. Each backs up their assertions
with historical examples.
To American hawks arms limitation in the
face of Soviet aggression is the equivalent of
'appeasement'. Disarmament advocates
believe the current situation is dangerously
close to the pre-WWI arms build-up.
"War is not that different a problem from
unemployment, depression, and other social
problems," says David Singer, University of
Michigan political science professor who
recently visited Vancouver.
"Yet the history of international conflict
has dramatically and sickenly repeated
itself," he says.
Why? "Because of the incompetence of
decision-makers, politicians, political
counter-elites, journalists, and the voting
This incompetence is not the result of
stupidity, but of ignorance; the lack of a
knowledge base that would enable decisionmakers to say, "If our governments does
such and such, under these conditions, this is
the likely outcome," says Singer.
It was precisely this need for a knowledge
base that led Singer to begin his massive
Correlates of War project in the mid-60's.
He wrote in an introductory paper: "If we
hope to explain and account for the incidence
of war, we must first discover a) what its incidence has been and b) what conditions and
events correlate with the presence, absence of
and magnitude of war. As obvious as this
statement may be, only a fraction of those
who seek to understand and explain the
causes of war have ever bothered to generate
such data or utilize that of those who did."
Modelled after Quincy Wright's 1942
Study of War, the Correlates of War begins
by measuring all interstate wars from 1860 to
1965 in terms of frequence, magnitude,
severity, and intensity.
It then attempts to identify the variables
most frequently associated with conflicts that
end in war and those that end in stalemate or
The project's ultimate goal is a unified,
empirically tested theory of war. But Singer is
quick to emphasize the project is a long way
from its goal. He adds, however, "should a
theory never be discovered, the findings that
have been produced so far serve as useful indicators." The most significant indicators to
date link war with prolonged major power
disputes and arms races.
Of the 1,000 serious disputes since the congress of Vienna, 100 disputes have involved
two major powers. The probability of these
disputes ending in war is approximately 25
per cent. When the two major powers have
previously had serious disputes, are in the top
NUCLEAR WAR. . .thousands can 'push the button'
final abyss
20 per cent of n ilitary spenders and are annually increasing their military expenditures
by more than IC per cent the probability of
these disputes erding in war jumps to 80
per cent.
This is the type of information that Singer
hopes shadow governments, political
counter-elites and others will use to critically
examine their governments' foreign policy.
And it is in this watchdog role that Singer is
at his best.
"The state of affairs is more dangerous today than at any time since World War U,"
he told a Vancouver audience early this
Criticizing the growing emphasis on
limited warfare, Singer said, "As stupid,
dangerous and :ostly as MAD (Mutually
Assured Destruction) was, what we're drif
ting into today is two or three times more
What the Americans and their allies don't
realize is that you need the same capability to
limit, damage, or win a nuclear war as you do
to strike first."
Condemning the renewed interest in civil
defense, Singer adds that policies such as
relocation could convert the "knife-edge
stability" of a crisis into war.
"If the U.S. had started evacuating its
cities during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the
USSR would have thought that rhe
Americans were planning a First strike and. so
would have been tempted to go first
The 'garrison states' of the U.S. and the
USSR have created a technology that we no
longer control.
"We are not living in a world where decisions will be made by four or five very sane,
rational, humane, brilliant, competent people."
Many of the important decisions have
already been made. The weapons have been
deployed, the command and control centres
(where monthly there are several false alarms
and breakdowns) are standing, and there are
thousands authorized to 'push the button'.
"Our destiny is in the hands of the
characters who designed and built the software and hardware."
The 'knife-edge stability' of the current
situation, that convinces Singer it is unlikely
any of us will die a natural death, is fed by
the armament-tension spiral.
"The arms race is fueled primarily by
strong domestic incentives which are reinforced and legitimized from time to time by
external threats and needs."
From the earliest days of the Correlates of
War project, research has repeatedly cited
the arms races as the most serious threat to
peace. What will prevent the next conflict
from escalating to war?
Clearly it is not the Reagan administration,
(a group Singer describes as "diplomatic and
political primitives"), that will prevent war.
Nor will it be found in disarmament
movements according to Singer.
In an interview Singer says he views the
European nuclear disarmament movement
"with alarm" because of its anti-American
"Most political radicals in Europe have a
touching faith in the goodwill of the
Instead Singer advocates a no first use
declaration where the U.S. and the USSR
would agree that neither would be the first to
use nuclear weapons.
The joint declaration, coupled with a
testing ban, would be the first step in the
gradual elimination of first strike weapons
and existing land based systems.
A massive cut in the budget for nuclear
weaponry would be followed by a slight increase in conventional arms spending.
Economic effects would be minimal if an
"intelligent set of economic conversion plans
were started now."
Despite the proposal's apparent naivite,
Singer says that "pieces of paper have a
remarkably good track record."
The declaration's most significant result
would be a slowing down and reversal of the
armament process through socio-political
conversion, says Singer.
"We've got to start working on the mentality of military preparedness, the human
race has come to believe either that nuclear
war is inevitable or that it is so horrible it is
best left to the leaders on the assumption they
will somehow muddle through."
Singer says this "psychological momentum
of inertia" is fatalistic acquiescence, and self-
"If our world has a chance it rests on people — people who are more informed,
politically active, articulate and not willing to
accept a sense of impotence."
Singer was not just refering to Americans.
When the Trudeau government is considering
an American request to test air and ground
launched cruise missiles in northern Alberta,
Canadians are very involved. Page 6
Friday, March 19, 1982
Three bands launch CITR onto FM
Dancing. Party. Fun. These are
the last three key words that describe CITR's celebration last Friday at the SUB ballroom.
If you haven't heard by now,
your own campus radio station is
officially going to be broadcast on
FM as of April 1, and to herald this
historic event three local bands,
Rhythm Mission, 54/40, and Popular Front were invited to perform.
All three play a variation of electronic dance pop that is appealing
to neo-romantic beau brummels, although each group has its own
The first band on stage was
Rhythm Mission, a quartet whose
lead vocalist Dense Milt did a stand-
up comedy act and layed sax as well
as articulating some clever, cutting
lyrics. Their music is dichomous:
repetitious but jarring, danceable
yet intelligent. The only complaint
is that Milt obviously looks as
though  he took  lessons in stage
mannerism   from   Contortions'
James Chance.
The second to perform was the
trio 54/40, who should have been
scheduled first; their set was anti-
climactic, each song sounding the
same. They need to build a repertoire that will enable them to be
characterized as a distinct unit not
just a mim of a new band.
The definite high point of the
evening was the entrance of Popular Front, who appeared at the end.
Although the band has not played
publicly more than half a dozen
times and have undergone recent
changes, Popular Front performed
as a competent ensemble. Their inescapable rhythms forced the audience of about 600 to move about in
the most energetic and bizarre
ways; some favorite tunes were Synchronized Swimming and Soldiers
of Fortune ("Doomsday army,
laughing at the world, snuffing out
the world,") two songs that incidentally were CITR hits.
The members of Popular Front in
clude Chris Renshaw on drums,
Gord Nichol (who was late for an
engagement with his other band,
Los Popularos) on electric piano,
Scott Martin (ex B-side) on bass,
David Newman on keyboards,
Doulas Cass on guitar and Keith
Porteous on guitar and lead vocals.
Porteous receives extra points for
his outfit that consisted of black
galoshes and a Gumby toy in the
breast pocket.
It is a pity that CITR's alternative
music policy is not nearly as respected and appreciated at UBC as
it is off-campus; fortunately, those
east of SUB and west of Granville
can now throw away their cable
gadgets and enjoy their favorite radio station.
For those wayward souls who actually like Foreigner, Billy Joel and
Barry Manilow, all hope is not lost.
You can be saved; instead of getting
drunk tonight and vegetating in
front of the television, get drunk
and go out and see some of the
more interesting bands around
Baroque duo dynamic
Baroque music is essentially a
music concerned with contrast, and
in concert last Sunday under the
aegis of the Vancouver Society for
Early Music, the Cecilian Ensemble
and guests showed their keen
awareness of this fact.
Flutist Janet See and recorder
player Peter Hannan were accompanied by a string ensemble in a
program of concertos for the woodwind players.
It is difficult to listen to extended
performances on the recorder
because of its limited dynamic
range and expressive possibilities;
but these two made the most of the
difference between their instruments and the contrast with the
string band.
There were a few minor technical
blemishes that often mar (if only
very slightly) local performances of
early music. The string group was
precise in its intonation and had an
exhilarating cleanness of ensemble
reminiscent of Harnoncourt's performances.
The tremendous dynamic vitality
of the players was also similar to
Harnoncourt. So many baroque
and classical music performers take
the paucity of dynamic markings,
loud and soft, to mean a paucity of
interest in dynamic wit, consequently, a boring dynamic range.
But the group on Sunday, led by
violinist Carlo Novi (who also plays
bluegrass fiddle—you can tell by
looking at him), had a big, strong
sense of loud and soft with
energetic dynamic accents.
See and Hannan used this to the
fullest in their interpretations of the
solo parts.  The wooden baroque
flute and recorder are inherently
quiet instruments, and very limited
in dynamic range.
Judiciously, the soloists left loud
and soft to the string instruments,
and made the most of the bel canto
melodies that Vivaldi and Telemann
wrote in the two concertos which
highlighted the program.
POPULAR FRONT . . . Keith Porteous
-helen yagi photo
For students with
one to 25 jumps.
$35 fee includes two jumps,
retraining, supper and
a fantastic party.
FMI: SUB 216G, Ph. 228^453
are now open for
to     the     following     Students     Council
Standing Committees:
• Student Housing and Access Committee
• Teaching    and    Academic    Standards
Committee (TASC)
• Committee on Student Accessibility (CSA)
• Constituency Newsletter Group (CNG)
• Code and Bylaws Committee (CBC)
The Executive Secretary's Office,
Nominations close on Wednesday, March 24, 1982
Yup, it sure is something,
right? But hold on, buster,
there's none of that stuff here!
Just 15 blast-my-socks-off
burgers, fair prices, and tons of
other great stuff. So keep
your hands to yourself!
2966 West 4th Ave., open
from 11:30 a.m. seven days a week.
Opening soon corner of
Georgia and Hornby (Yuk, yuk.)
Thursday        Friday
** i
Div. I
Gordon Kidd
Div. II
Harvey Delaney
Div. Ill
Jack Fournier
Totem Tennis
Men's Volleyball
Div. I
Div. II
Div. Ill
Div. I
Div. I
Div. II
Totem Park A
Div. II
Tower Beach   <■ «■
Suicide Run      I  I
Steve McMurdo
Phi Delta Theta
F—Kathy Lewis
Men's Hockey
Super League-
Div. I-
Totem Park
Div. II—Vanier
Div. Ill—Triumph
Women's Hockey
Finals (Men)
Women's Floor
(Gym F 7:30 p.m.)
Men's Curling
(5:00 p.m. TWSC)
McNulty Team
M —Engineers
M — Dekes
W— Rowers
Storm The
Wall Finals
Nitobe Basketball
Games (12:30)
Colour Night
(Faculty Club
Sports Day
(War Memorial
Gym 10:00 a.m.) Friday, March 19, 1982
Page 7
March 22 to 26
The Ubyssey under autonomy would continue to be
a forum for all students and members of the university
on issues and events important to the community.
But with autonomy, the paper will have guaranteed
funding directly from students which cannot be cut off
by the AMS student council.
Any student who agrees to abide by the constitution
and bylaws will be eligible to work on the paper as a
staff member and participate in the operations of The
Ubyssey Publications Society.
Student council has not tried to take over the paper
since ths summer of 1980, but it could do so by a simple resolution at any council meeting.
.. .with responsibility
The constitution and bylaws will asure the paper remains accessible and responsible to students through
the board of directors, two of whom will be elected at
large annually from the Ubyssey Publications Society
membership. All registered students will be members
of the new society. The board of directors will be
regulated by provincial law under the B.C. Society
A proposed $4 levy, two from the current AMS fee
and an additional two from an increase in the current
fee, will keep the Ubyssey publishing with the same
quality i hat has made it one of the best student papers
in Canada.
The paper will use any surpluses to reduce costs in
the future by implementing capital improvements. An
autonomous Ubyssey will operate cost efficiently with
direct responsibility to its owners. — the students at
The Ubyssey will carry the same legal responsibility
that all publishers are bound by. In addition, the constitution and bylaws promote responsible journalism
that is not without principles.
Autonomy is a free press
The Ubyssey and the Alma Mater Society student
council will be asking students next week to vote on
editorial and financial autonomy for the paper.
In order to achieve financial autonomy, students
will be asked to direct $2 of their current AMS fee towards The Ubyssey, plus a $2 increase to cover additional costs and to allow for capital acquisition and inflation for several years.
For editorial autonomy, students will be asked to
form a separate society, which will take over publication of The Ubyssey from the AMS. Each society is a
legal entity under the B.C. Society Act, and is governed by a constitution and bylaws.
Student council has already approved the principle
of Ubyssey autonomy, as have many undergraduate
societies, including the engineers, science and education. Council has assisted the paper in its autonomy
drive by approving the use of AMS lawyers in preparing The Ubyssey's constitution and bylaws.
The highlights of the constitution and bylaws include:
• Students elected at large to the board of directors;
• The right of students to decide anything about the
pap;r by referendum or general meeting;
• The right of any UBC student to join the staff as
lonj; as they do not hold some public offices;
• The right of a majority of staff members to deter-
min: the paper's contents.
—The Ubyssey Referendum
Polls: Tues., Mar. 23-Fri
10 a.m.-4 p.m.
Woodward Library
Mar. 26
Computer Science
Sedgewick Library
War Memorial Gym
Advance Polls: Mon., Mar. 22
5-7 p.m.
Totem Park Common Block
Place Vanier Common Block
Walter H. Gage Common Block
*Poll locations and times are subject to
change due to availability of poll clerks.
Be it resolved that members of the Alma Mater Society of the
University of British Columbia (AMS)approve the formation of
an autonomous society known as The Ubyssey Publications
Society (UPS) with an elected board of directors, with a constitution and by-laws substantially in the form as published in
the AMS paper known as The Ubyssey on March 19. together
with any amendments that may be required by the British Columbia registrar of companies; and
That the AMS rent the current office space occupied by The
Ubyssey and the AMS Publications office in the Student
Union Building of the University of British Columbia, to the
UPS for one dollar ($1) per year until the AMS' lease on SUB
expires, and transfer all assets in both offices used in the
publication of The Ubyssey to the UPS; and
That the AMS transfer the exclusive right to use the name
"The Ubyssey" to the UPS.
YES    □ NO    D
Be it resolved that two dollars ($2) of the current Alma Mater
Society fee per active member per year (pro-rated for part-
time students) be collected on behalf of The Ubyssey Publications Society, and that the current AMS fee be increased by
two dollars ($2) per active member per year (pro-rated for part-
time students), with such increase to be levied on behalf of the
UPS by the AMS, for a total of four dollars ($4) per active
member per year (pro-rated for part-time students), and that
all such fees received by the AMS on behalf of UPS shall forthwith be paid tc the UPS for the publication of an
autonomous student newspaper at the University of British
YES    □ NO    □
Whereas the AMS by-laws currently contain a reference to
The Ubyssey as an AMS publication; and
Whereas if The Ubyssey is published by an autonomous
society (The Ubyssey Publications Society), as set out in the
above referendum question, an obvious inconsistency will exist in AMS by-laws;
Be it resolved that, subject to the passage under AMS bylaws of the above resolution approving the formation of an
autonomous society known as The Ubyssey Publications
Society, AMS by-law 1.2 be amended to change the definition
of "Ubyssey" to read "Ubyssey—shall mean the publication of
The Ubyssey Publications Society known as The Ubyssey."
YES    □ NO    D Page 8
Friday, Mar
The constitution of a society defines its name, the
purposes for existing, the physical location of operations, and where any society assets will go if the society is ever dissolved.
The Ubyssey Publications Society constitution also
includes an entrenched statement of principles and
code of ethics which the newspaper and society must
follow. These principles form an integral part of why
the society exists, so they are unalterable once accepted by students.
The name of the society is "The Ubyssey Publications Society?'
The purpose of the Society is to provide the students attending the University of British
Columbia, and the university community in general, with a newspaper and other publications based at the University of British Columbia attentive to the needs of the students and
the community.
This newspaper shall report on educational issues and provide the university community
with an alternate news service for local, provincial, national and international events. This
shall be done primarily, but not exclusively, through the publication of "The Ubyssey"
newspaper and any such supplements, inserts or special editions deemed necessary by the
newspaper staff of directors of the Society.
The Society shall provide a permanent structure for facilitating communications among
its members, the newspaper staff, the board of directors )f the Society and the Students'
Council of the Alma Mater Society of the University of B itish Columbia in order to ensure
that a responsive and accessible service is provided to students without compromising
freedom of the press and the democratic nature of the Society.
The Society, through its publications, shall seek to eradicate sexism, racism, economic
inequality and other social injustices.
The major role of the student press is to act as an agent of social change, assisting
students in understanding and mobilizing against exploration and injustice, and emphasizing students' rights and responsibilities
The student press must, in fulfilling this role, perform both an educative and active function, and support groups serving as agents of social change.
The student press must use its freedom from commercial and other controls to present
news accurately and fairly, to ensure that all it r.oes is consistent with its major purpose,
and to examine the issues which other media avoid.
Because the freedom of the student press has been abridged, the Society recognizes its
responsibility to ensure that students have access to an open, democratic and autonomous
student newspaper at the University of British Columbia.
The Society recognizes the following rights and responsibilities in implementing its principles:
a) The Society shall be free from pressure and financial control by student governments, university authorities, or any other external agencies.
b) Whenever there are serious charges of irresponsibility on the part of any staff
member of the Society, the validity of the charges must be determined by due process before any action is taken and all subsequent action shall come from within
the Society.
c) It is essential to a free student press that it be responsible for its views and that it
should carry a disclaimer on its editorial page declaring that the opinions expressed
are not necessarily those of the administration of the University, the Society or the
Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia.
d) In no case shall a representative or representatives of the student government or
administration of the University of British Columbia have the explicit or implied
power of censorship or the power to set editorial or advertising policies for the
el Election of editorial positions and determination of the newspaper operating structure shall be the responsibility of the newspaper staff.
f) Overall editorial policy decisions shall be made through collective discussion by the
newspaper staff of the Society.
By long confirmed precedents, by tradition as well as by historical development, the
Society takes as its fundamental and unalterable principle that a student newspaper is
viable only as a democratic organization. The staff of the newspaper shall be the essential
governors of the newspaper and, subject to the by-laws of the Society and the approval of
the board of directors of the Society, the governors of subsidiary or supplementary publications of the Society.
These provisions shall be unalterable.
Student journalists shall strive to be fair and accurate in their reporting and shall
recognize personal responsibility for their submissions. They shall not falsify information
or documents nor distort or misrepresent the facts.
Student journalists shall respect all confidences regarding sources of information and
private documents unless this interferes with the freedom of the press or the need to inform
the public on vital matters
Student journalists shall be familiar with the Canadian laws of libel and contempt o*
court and observe the International Copyright Agreement, unless this interferes with the
freedom of the press or the need to inform the public on vital matters.
The newspaper shall rectify in pun: at the firs! nvailable opportunity, ;ill culpable
Racial, sexual, or class bias or prejudice have no place in the editorial policy of the
newspaper or in the general policies oi the Society,
These provisions shall be unalterable
The operations of the Society shall be carried on chiefly at or in the vicinity of the
University of British Columbia. This provision shall be alterable
The Society shall not carry on a business, trade industry or profession for profit or pain.
except as an incident to the purposes of the Society, nor shall it distribute any gain, profit
or dividend to its members, and no part of the capital, assets or earnings of the Society, except valid expenses and salaries, shall enure to the benefit of any of its members or any
other persons. In the event of dissolution of the Society, after paying or adequately providing for its debts and obligations, the Society shall devote any remaining assets to the
carrying out of one or more of the objectives of the Society if feasible, and if not, the Society, subject to the restrictions in the Society Act, shall transfer any remaining assets of the
Society to the Alma Mater Society of the University of British Columbia for the Alma Mater
Society to carry out one or more of the objectives of The Ubyssey Publications Society, as
determined by a general referendum of the Alma Mater Society held in accordance with its
by-laws. If the Society Act prohibits or restricts the transfer of assets to the Alma Mater
Society, The Ubyssey Publications Society shall dispose of such remaining assets of the
Society to a Canadian charity or chanties which the board of directors of the Society shall
select. This provision shall be unalterable.
Students elected at large to the board of
The right of students to decide anything
about the paper by referendum or general
The right of any UBC student to join the
staff as long as they do not hold some
public offices;
The right of a majority of staff members
to determine the paper's contents.
The bylaws of a society contain the day-to-day working details of a society. They are the rules that should
not be able to be changed, except by a large number of
students in a general meeting or referendum.
The Ubyssey Publications Society bylaws allow for
at-large elections to the board of directors, the rights
of students to join the newspaper staff, referendum
quorums and the like.
Both the constitution and bylaws can only be
amended by a 75 per cent Yes vote, according to the
British Columbia Society act.
1. In these By-laws, unless the context otherwise requires:
(a)   "Academic Year" shall mean the period from September 1st to August 31st of the
subsequent calendar year;
(bl   "Affiliated Institution" shal) mean an educational institution which is affiliated with
the University as determined by the Board of Governors;
(cl   "Alma Mater Society" shall mean the Alma Mater Society of the University of
British Columbia;
Id)   "Board Chair" shall mean the chairman of the Board of directors of the Society;
(ei   "Board  of  directors"   or  "directors"  shall  mean  the directors  of  the  Ubyssey
Publications Society for the time being;
(f)    "Board of Governors" shall mean the board of governors of the University as defin
ed in the University Act;
(gi   "Business Manager" shall mean the business manager of the Society;
(h)   "Credit Course" shall mean a course offered by the University or an Affiliated Institution which is allotted credits towards a degree, diploma, or certificate of the
University of Affiliated Institution;
(i)    "Day Members" shall mean those Members of the Society who are enrolled in
classes which are regularly held between the hours of 8:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m.;
(j)    "Editorial Function" shall mean contributions to the Newspaper of an editorial
nature  such as writing, editing, design, layout, photography, or volunteer work on
the Newspaper, but shall not include letters to the editor, opinions, press releases
and unsolicited contributions to the Newspaper;
Ikl   "Members"   shall   mean  the  voting  and  non-voting   members  of  the   Ubyssey
Publications Society;
(I)     "News Conference" shall mean a meeting of Staff members at which matters concerning the current issue of the Newspaper, such as stories for publication, play.
and editonal, are discussed;
(ml "Newspaper" shall mean the Society publication known as The Ubyssey;
(n)   "Registration Number" shall mean the registration student number assigned to a
Member by the University;
(o)   "School Day'  shall mean a period from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on a day during the
School Year on which classes are regularly held;
(pi   "School Year" snail mean the period from September 1st to November 30th and
January 1st to March 31st inclusive;
(ql   "Society" shall mean The Ubyssey Publications Society;
(r)   "Staff"   shall   mean   the   Members   involved   in   the   Editorial   Function   of  the
(s)   "Staff Meeting" shall mean a meeting of the Staff at which matters relating to
Editorial Functions and Society business are discussed:
(t'i    "Style Guide" shall mean the Society's publication listing and giving examples of
the style of the Newspaper, as it relates to writing, layout, production and other
Editorial Functions;
(u)   "Two-thirds Resolution" shall mean a resolution passed by two-thirds (2'3> of the
voting members casting a valid vote, excluding abstentions;
(v!   "University" shall mean the University of British Columbia.
2. In these By-laws, unless the context otherwise requires, expressions defined in the
Society Act, as amended trom time to time, shall have the meanings so defined in that Act.
Words importing the singular shall include the plural, and vice versa, and words importing
the feminine gender shall include the masculine gender and vice versa, and words impor
ting persons shall include bodies corporate.
3. Subject to the Society Act, these By-laws as amended from time to time, standing
resolutions of the Society and resolutions of the members, all meetings of the Society shall
be governed in accordance with Robert's Rules of Order.
4. The Members of the Society are the applicants for incorporation of the Society and
tnose persons who subsequently have become Members in accordance with these By-laws
and, in either case, have not ceased to be Members.
5. The Society shall consist of voting members and non-voting members
6 Voting members of the Society shall be those persons who are registered in a Credit
Course or were so registered on the last day of March of the current academic year
7. Non-voting members of the Society shall be those persons who are employees of the
Society members of the faculty or staff of the University or are designated as non-voting
members by the Board of directors.
8 The amount of the annual membership dues payable in advance by all Members shall
be determined by the voting members in general meeting or by referendum, from time to
time; provided, however, that if the Alma Mater Society collects such dues on behalf of the
Society then the amount of the annual membership dues shall not exceed the amount so
9. The "membership dues" year shall be from the 1st day of September until the 31st dav
of August m the following year.
10 Membership dues in the Society shall not be refundable under any circumstances.
11 All Members are in good standing except a Member who has failed to pay her his cur
rent annual membership dues or any other subscription or debt due and owing by her him
to the Society and he she is not in good standing so long as the debt remains unpaid
12. A voting member who is not in good standing shall not be entitled to vote or hold office
in the Society.
13. A non-voting member shall not be entitled to vote at general meetings of the Society.
14. A person shall cease to be a Member of the Society:
ial   upon her, his death;
lb)   upon failing to meet the requirements of Paragraph 6 or Paragraph 7, as the case
may be.
15. Every Member shall conduct herself himself in a manner that is not harmful to the
Society and shall uphold the Constitution and comply with the By-laws of the Society.
16. General meetings of the Society shall be held at the time and place, in accordance with
the Society Act, that the directors decide.
17. Every general meeting, other than an annual general meeting, is an extraordinary
general meeting.
18. The directors may, when they think fit, convene an extraordinary general meeting. Provided, however, that the directors shall call an extraordinary general meeting of the Society
upon receipt of a petition signed by at least fifteen (15) Staff members or five hundred (500)
voting members of the Society.
19. Fourteen (14) days' notice of a general meeting of the Society shall be given to its
Members entitled to receive notice of a general meeting and such notice shall specify the
place, day and hour of the meeting, and, in the case of special business, the general nature
of that business.
20. The accidental omission to give notice of a meeting to, or the non-receipt of notice by,
any of the members entitled to receive notice does not invalidate proceedings at that
21. The first annual general meeting of the Society shall be held not more than six (6)
months after the date of incorporation and after that an annual general meeting shall be
held at least once in every calendar year and not more than thirteen (13) months after
the holding of the last preceding annual general meeting.
22. General meetings of the Society shall be held during the School Year.
23. Special business is:
(a) all business at an extraordinary general meeting, except the adoption of rules of
order; and
(b) all business transacted at an annual general meeting, except:
(i)   the adoption of rules of order;
(ii)   the consideration of the financial statements;
(iii) the report of the directors;
(iv) the report of the auditor, if any;
(v)   the appointment of the auditor, if required; and
(vi) the other business that, under these by-laws, ought to be transacted at an annual general meeting, or business which is brought under consideration by the
report of the directors issued with the notice convening the meeting.
24. No business, other than the election of a chair and the adjournment or termination of
the meeting, shall be conducted at a general meeting at a time when a quorum is not present.
25. If at any time during a general meeting there ceases to be a quorum present, business
then in progress shall be suspended until there is a quorum present or until the meeting is
adjourned or terminated.
26. A quorum at a general meeting shall be five percent (5%) of the Day Members of the
Society at the Point Grey Campus of the University.
27. In within one-half hour from the time appointed for a general meeting a quorum is not
present, the meeting, if convened on the requisition of Staff or voting members pursuant
to Paragraph 18, shall be terminated, but in every other case, those voting members present, provided that there are at least five 15) voting members present, shall be deemed to
constitute a quorum, but the meeting may only transact such business as is referred to in
Paragraph 23(b) (i) to (v) inclusive.
28. The voting members shall choose one of their number to chair the general meeting
29. A general meeting may be adjourned from time to time and from place to place, but no
business shall be transacted at the reconvened meeting other than the business left unfinished at the meeting from which the adjournment took place.
30. When a meeting is adjourned for fourteen (14) days or more, notice of the adjourned
meeting shall be given as in the case of the original meeting,
31. Except as provided in Paragraph 30, it is not necessary to give notice of an adjournment
or of the business to be transacted at an adjourned meeting.
32. A voting member in good standing present at a meeting of members is entitled to one
33. A non-voting member of good standing may be present at a general meeting and is entitled to take part in any discussions there at, but is not entitled to vote, or to move or second resolutions.
34. Resolutions proposed at a general meeting must be seconded and the chair of the
meeting may move or propose resolutions provided that he/she first steps down as chair.
35. In the case of an equality of votes, the chair of the general meeting shall not have a se
cond or casting vote in addition to the vote to which he/she may be entitled as a Member
and the proposed resolution shall not pass.
36. Voting is by show of hands, or by secret ballot when the Board of Directors or the
members by a resolution deem it necessary.
37. There shall be no voting by proxy at any general meeting of the Society.
38. The directors may exercise all the powers and do all the acts and things that the Society
may exercise and do, and which are not by these By-laws or by statute or otherwise lawfully directed or required to be exercised or done by the Society in general meeting, but subject, nevertheless, to:
(a) all laws affecting the Society;
(b) these By-laws; and
(c) rules, not being inconsistent with these By-laws, which are made from time to time
by the Society in general meeting.
39. No ruie made by the Society in general meeting invalidates a prior act of the directors
that would have been valid if that rule had not been made.
40. The number of directors of the Society shall be five (5).
41. No director shall be a voting member of the Students' Council, Student Administrative
Commission, or Student Court of the Alma Mater Society, or hold office at the municipal,
provincial or federal level, or be a candidate for any of these offices.
42. Two (2) directors shall be voting members of the Staff, elected by and from the Staff
by secret ballot. One position shall be elected in September of each year, and the other in
March of each year.
43. One (1) director shall be an employee of the Society, elected by and from the
employees of the Society, excluding Staff members and the Business Manager, by secret
ballot in September of each year.
44. Two (2) directors shall be voting members of the Society, elected by and from the
voting members of the Society by secret ballot in January or February of each year, and
shall not be members of the Staff or employees of the Society.
44A The Business Manager, although not a director, shall be entitled to attend meetings
of the directors and to take part in any discussions threat; provided, however that the
Business Manager shall not be entitled to vote at any such meetings.
45. The directors shall take office as follows
(ai   October 1st if elected by the Staff in September
(bi   April 1st if elected by the Staff in March'
tc)   October 1st if elected by the employees of the Society; or
(d1   March 1st if elected by the voting members of the Society.
46. If in a particular constituency there are more candidates for the office of director than
(a) the candidates receiving the most votes shall be declared elected as directors if
more than one vacancy exists, and
(bt the candidate receiving the greatest number of votes shall be declared elected as a
director if only one vacancy exists.
A "none of the above" option shall also be included on the ballot if there are more can
didates for the office of director than vacancies, in order to be elected, a candidate mus'
receive more votes in favour of her.'his election than the number of "none of the above"
votes cast bv voting members who did not vote for that candidate
47. If in a particular constituency there are the same number or fewer candidates tor ttie of
fice of director than vacancies, each candidate must run on a "yes no" ballot, and in
order to be elected he/she must receive more "yes" votes than "no" votes.
48. If one or more candidates are defeated by reason of receiving more "none of the
above" votes or "no" votes, as the case may be. than votes in favour of their election, the
Board of directors shall call a by-election forthwith in the constituency or constituencies
where the vacancies exist
48A If no successor is elected the person previously elected or appointed continues to
hold office.
49. There shall be no voting by proxy in connection with the election of directors
50. The directors may at any time and from time to time appoint a Member as a director to
fill a vacancy in the directors, provided that the new director represents the same consti
tuency as the director he'she is replacing. Provided, however, that if there are no Members
in that constituency, the directors may appoint any Member of the Society to fill the vacancy until such time as the constituency has members and by-election is held to appoint a
director from that constituency.
51. Subject to Paragraph 52 and Paragraph 52A, a director appointed pursuant to
Paragraph 50 holds office only until the expiry of the former director's term of office or until
a replacement is elected by the constituency the director represents, whichever occurs
52. The Board of directors shall, within one (1) month of a vacancy occurring in the office
of a director representing the voting members of the Society, call a by-election to fill the
vacancy, provided that more than four (4) months remain in the director's term of office
and that the by-election shall be held during the School Year.
52A. The Board of directors shall within two (2) weeks of a vacancy occurring in the office
of a director representing the Staff or the employees of the Society, cali a by-election to fill
the vacancy, provided that more than one !1i month remains in the director's term of office.
53. No act or proceeding of the directors is invalid only by reason of there being less than
the prescribed number of directors in office.
54. The members of the constituency which the director represents may by special resolution or by referendum remove a director before the expiration of her/his term of office, provided that:
(a) the constituency which the director represents was presented with a petition signed by:
(i) five hundred (5001 voting members of the Society in the case of a director
representing the voting members of the Society,
(ii)   ten (10) Staff members in the case of a director representing the Staff,
(iii) twenty-five percent (25%) of the employees of the Society, excluding the
Business Manager, in the case of a director representing the employees of the
(b) notice of the meeting of the constituency considering the removal of the director
was published pursuant to Paragraph 121 at least two weeks prior to the meeting;
(c) the vote at the meeting of the constituency was conducted by secret ballot.
55. Subject to Paragraph 56 and Paragraph 57. the directors shall, at the first meeting of
directors following each annual general meeting of the Society and from time to time, appoint a Board Chair, a Business Manager and such other officers, if any, as the directors
shall determine and the directors may, at any time, terminate any such appointment.
56. The Board Chair must be appointed from the Board of Directors, and, in the discretion
of the directors, this position may be rotated among members of the Board of directors
from time to time.
57. The Business Manager shall not be a director and her/his appointment or removal by
the directors is subject to the approval of the Staff.
58. The Board of directors shall have the power to hire and dismiss all employees of the
Society who perform non-Editorial Functions, subject to the recommendation of the
Business Manager or a hiring committee of the directors. The Staff shall have the power to
hire and dismiss ail employees of the Society who perform Editorial Functions h19, 1982
Page 9
:H 22 to 26
59. The directors shall present a budget for the following fiscal year of the Society at each
annual general meeting, and at other general meetings if so requested by the Members or
the directors.
60. The fiscal year end of the Society shall be determined by the Board of directors, provided however, that the fiscal year end shall not be changed so to shorten a current fiscal year
to less than four (4) months or to extend it beyond fourteen (14) months.
61. The directors, in consultation with the Business Manager and having considered the
guidelines drafted by the Staff, shall allocate the monies received by the Society.
62. The directors shall not incur any liability or make any expenditure unless that liability or
expenditure has been included in the Society's budget, or any amendment thereto.
63. The directors shall act as the final board of appeal for all Staff elections or dismissals
and any irregularities in the affairs of the Society.
63A. No director shall be renumerated for being or acting as director, but a director shall
be reimbursed for all expenses necessarily and reasonably incurred by her/him while
engaged in the affairs of the Society.
64. The directors may meet together at the places they think fit to dispatch business, adjourn and otherwise regulate their meetings and proceedings as they see fit, provided,
however, that:
(al   the directors shall meet at least once each month and at each monthly meeting,
they shall set the date for the next monthly meeting;
(b)  all meetings of the directors shall be open to the Members; provided, however,
that personnel matters may, by a majority vote of the directors, be dealt with by
the directors in camera; and
(cl   all directors shall be given notice of the meetings of directors and an effort shall be
made to inform Members and Staff of the meetings of directors at least one (1)
week prior to the date of any such meeting.
65. The quorum necessary to transact business at a meeting of the directors shall be all of
the directors then in office; provided, however, that if one or more directors has waived
notice of a meeting pursuant to Paragraph 73, the quorum shal! be three (3) directors.
66. The directors present shall choose one of their number to chair the meeting.
67. The Board Chair, on the request of three (3) directors shall convene a meeting of the
directors, within one (1) week of receiving the said request.
68. The directors may delegate any, but not all, of their powers to committees consisting of
the director or directors as they think fit.
69. A committee so formed in the exercise of the powers so delegated shall conform to any
rules imposed on it by the directors, and shall report every act or thing done in the exercise
of those powers to the earliest meeting of the directors to be held after it has been done.
70. All business of the committees shall be forwarded to the board of directors for approval.
71. A committee shall elect a chair of its meetings.
72. The members of a committee may meet and adjourn as they think proper, provided,
however, that:
(a) all members of a committee shall be given notice of the meetings of that committee
and an effort shall be made to inform directors. Members and Staff of the meetings
of a committee at least one (1) week prior to the date of any such meeting;
(b) all meetings of a committee shall be open to the Members; provided, however, that
personnel matters may, by a majority vote of the members of the committee, be
dealt with by the said members in camera
73. A director who is ill or who may be absent temporarily from the Greater Vancouver area
or is unable to attend a meeting for personal reasons may send or deliver to the address of
the Society a waiver of notice, which may be by letter, telegram, telex or cable, of any
meeting of the directors and may at any time withdraw the waiver, and until the waiver is
(al   no notice of a meeting of directors need be given to that director; and
(bl  any and all meetings of the directors of the Society, notice of which has not been
given to that director shall, if a quorum of the directors is present, be valid and effective.
Within one (1) week of a meeting of directors with respect to which one or more directors
has waived notice, the Board Chair shall mail a copy of the minutes of the said meeting to
the directors who waived notice of the meeting and inform them of the date of the next
scheduled meeting of the directors.
74. A direcor who has not withdrawn her/his waiver of notice within four (41 months of
the Society receiving the waiver shall cease to hold office and the resulting vacancy in the
office of director shall be filled in accorcance with Paragraph 50.
75. Resolutions arising at a meetirg of the directors or a committee of the directors shall be
decided by a majority of votes.
76. In case of an equality of votes, the chair shall not" have a second or casting vote,
and the resolution shall not pass.
77. No resclution proposed at a meeting of the directors need be seconded and the chair
man of the meeting may move or propose a resolution.
78. A resolution proposed at a meeting cf a committee of the directors must be seconded,
and the chiiir of the meeting may move or propose a resolution.
79. A resolution in writing, signed by all the directors and placed with the minutes of the
directors is as valid and effective as if regularly passed at a meeting of the directors
80. Voting ]y proxy shall not be permitted at any meeting of the directors or a committee
of the directors.
81. The Board Chair shall:
(al   coordinate the directors in the performance of their duties;
(b) conduct, or cause to be conducted, the correspondence of the Society;
(c) issue notices of meetings of the directors and committees of the directors snd
prepare agendas therefore;
(d) ket p, or cause to be kept, minutes of ali meetings of the Society, directors and
committees of the directors; and
(e) ha>'e such other duties and responsibilities as the directors may from time to time
del ermine.
82. The BLsiness Manager shall:
(a) keep, or cause to be kept, all records and documents of the Society;
(b) kenp, or cause to be kept, the common seal of the Society;
(c) kenp, or cause to be kept, the financial records, including books of account,
necessary to comply with the Society Act;
(dl   rerder financial statements to the directors. Members and others as requred;
(e) maintain, o-- cause to be maintained, the register of members of the Society; and
(f) have such other duties and responsibilities as the directors may from time to time
83. A referendum of the Society shall be called by the Board Chair upon:
(a) a resolution of the Boarc of directors: or
(b) a petition duly signed bv five hundred (5001 voting members of the Society as
ev denced by their Registration Numbers, and delivered to the Board Chcir; or
(c) a petition signed by fifty percent (50%) of the members of the Staff.
84. The te::t of the referendum shall be drafted to ensure that the question is capable of being answeied "yes" or "no" and if in the opinion of the Board of directors a petition for a
referendum does not meet this requirement, the directors shall forthwith refer the referendum question to an arbitration boarc composed of one director selected by the Board of
directors, :he Member submitting the petition, and one Member appointed by the other
two (21 members of the arbitration board. The decision of the said arbitration board shall be
final and binding.
85. Subject to Paragraph 87, a referendum shall be put to the voting members not less than
ten (10) diiys and not more than thirty (30) days after the passing of a resolution of the
Board of directors calling for the referendum or the submission to the Board Chair of a petition as referred to in Paragraph 83, or not less than ten (10) days and not more than thirty
(30) days iifter the arbitration board supplies the Board of directors with a suitable text for
the question if the referendum Question is referred to an aibitration board in accordance
with Paragraph 84.
86. The referendum shall be held on a" least two (21 successive School Days, with polls
open at least six (6- hours each day in at least seven (7) convenient locations on the Point
Grey campus of the University.
87. A referendum of the Society shall subject to these By-laws, be acted upon by the
Society wnere:
(a)   a  majority, or such greater percentage as may be required by the Societ> Ac", of
the votes cast support the referendum; and
(bl   th-i number of votes cast supporting the referendum is equal to or greater than five
pc rcent (5%) of the voting members of the Society who are Day Members at the
Point Grey campus of the University
87. No referendum shall be held except during the School Year.
88. Memtership on the Staff is open to any Member of the Society in good standing, provided that:
(a) The Member has read the Constitution and By-laws of the Society and has expressed a willingness to work under its guidelines and to make a valid and continuing contribution to the publication of the Newspaper;
(b) T'ie Member is not a member of the Student Administrative Commission or Student Court of the Alma Mater Society, does not hold elected office in any
undergraduate or graduate society of the University, the Alma Mater Society the
B jard of Governors or t'~*e Senate cf the University or any municipal, provincial or
federal government, and is no" a candidate for any of these offices;
(ci    T ie Member has perforned an Editorial Function towards at least three   ssuus of
tr e Newspaper; and
(d)   T ie Member has met all of the qualifications listed above and has been accepted as
a member of the Staff by the directors.
90. A Me nber who performs an Editoral Function for a g>ven issue of the Newspaper, and
all members of the Staff are entitled to attend and vote at the News Conference held with
respect tc that issue of the Newspapei, and at any other meetings of the Staff relating to
that issue
91. All members o': Ihe Staff are entitled to \.ote at all Staf* Meetings. A Member who is not
a membe of the Staff, but is entitled to attend a Staff Meeting pursuant to Paragraph 90.
may be g ven voting privileges with respect to the meeting where he/she is in attendance
by a majcrrty decision of the Staff presant at the meeting. Any dispute over status which is
not resolved to the Members satisfaction, shall be settled by the Board of directors pursuant to  3aragrapn 63.
92. An ac vertisement at least two (2) columns wide and two (2) inches high shall be placed
in the fir; t three (31 issues of the Newspaper advising Members of the qualifications for
Staff members. In addition, the Society shall conduct regular recruitment programs to encourage Members to join the Staff.
93. A Member shall cease to be a member of the Staff if he/she has not contribuled to the
Newspaper or attended Staff Meetings for two (2) consecutive months during the School
94. A Member may be expelled from membership in the Staff if that Member has
(a)   ceased to meet the qualifications outlined in Paragraph 88;
(bl contravened the constitutional guidelines and principles of the Society;
(c) contravened the By-laws of the Society;
(d) acted on behalf of the Staff without the authority of the Staff;
(e) acted against the orders or rules of the Staff; or
(f ( created a disruptive, intolerable working atmosphere for one (1) or more members
cf the Staff.
95. The expulsion of a Member fequires a simple majority vote of the Staff, provided that at
least ten (10) members of the Staff vote on the expulsion resolution. The Member who is
the subject of the proposed expulsion may vote and, if he/she is expelled, he/she may appeal his/ ler expulsion to the Board of directors pursuant to Paragraph 63.
96. A decision of the Staff may be appealed to the Board of directors within two (2) weeks
of the dete that the decision is made. An appeal may be initiated by the Member whose
status is n question or by any f've (5) members of the Staff by delivering a signed petition
to the Beard Chair. Upon receipt of tha petition, the Board Chair shall call a meeting of the
directors to deal with the appeal, such meeting to take place within one (1) week of receipt
of the petition.
97. The ollowing meetings are open to Staff members. Non-Staff members may, at the
discretion of the Staff, attend but do not have the right to do so, except as provided for in
Paragraph 90:
(a) News Conferences;
(b) Staff Meetings.
98. A News Conference is to be held every press day of the Newspaper. Alt Staff members
working on a given issue of the Newspaper may attend and participate. The Staff members
present shall select a chair of ihe meeting, whose duties include:
(a) recording the names o"f those who contributed to that issue of the Newspaoer;
(b) c hairing the meeting, at which the following must be decided:
■i)    placement and play of articles and photographs;
Iii)   the selection of editorial subjects, and the Staff position on the editorial subjects;
I iii) the delegation of responsibility for layout and design; and
(iv) the day-to-day policy decisions regarding the Newspaper which are of an
urgent nature;
99. Three (31 Staff members shall constitute a quorum at a News Conference. All decisions
made at a News Conference are subject to ratification at a Staff Meeting.
100. Staff Meetings shall be held at least once in each calendar month. Notice of a Staff
Meeting, including t me, location and agenda, must be posted prominently in the business
office of the Newspaper or published in the Newspaper at least one (1) week prior to the
Staff Meeting. A chair elected from and by the Staff Meeting shall ensure that attendance is recorded and that minutes are taken and are posted in the business office of the
Newspaper within three (31 working days of the Staff Meeting, and shall chair the Staff
Meeting. Additional Staff Meetings shall be called upon the request of at least five (5) Staff
members. Fifty percent plus one (50% + 1) of the Staff members, or ten (10) Staff
members, whichever is fewer, shall constitute a quorum at a meeting of the staff.
101. At any Staff Mooting the Staff may resolve that a question will be decided by a secret
ballot to be conduded over the period of time determined in the resolution.
101A. There shall be no voting by proxy at any meeting of the Staff.
102. The Staff shall determine the editorial structure for the Newspaper and any other
Society publications, but such structure shall be democratic in nature.
103. The Staff shall ensure that the Board of directors receives minutes of all meetings of
the Staff.
104. The Staff shall ensure that the Style Guide is updated and revised periodically.
105. The Staff shall
(a) be responsible for the operation and smooth functioning of the Newspaper and its
(b) determine a democratic editorial structure for the Newspaper;
(c) elect Staff members to editorial positions;
(d) appoint representatives to outside groups whenever necessary or appropriate; and
(e) teach prospective Staff members with respect to the functioning of the Society
and the Newspaper.
106. The following persons shall be the signing officers of the Society, any two (2) of
whom shall nave the authority to sign on behalf of the Society:
(a) the Board Chair;
(b) the Business Manager;
(c) a director or the Society, if authorized by a Resolution of the directors.
107. The directors may provide a common seal for the Society and may destroy a seal and
substitute a new seal in its place.
108. The common seal of the Society shall be affixed only when authorized by a Resolution
of the directors and then only in the presence of the persons prescribed in the Resolution or
if no persons are prescribed, in the presence of any two (2) of the signing officers of the
Society as designated by Paragraph 106.
109. The seal of the Society shall be kept in the custody of the Business Manager or such
other person as is cesignated from time to time by the Business Manager.
110. The documents of the Society, including accounting records, shall be open for inspection by a director or Member on any business day during the hours posted by the
Business Manager.
111. In order to carry out the purposes of the Society the directors may, on behalf of and in
the name of the Society, raise or secure the payment or repayment of money in the manner
they decide, and, in particular but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, by the
issue of debentures.
112. No debenture shall be issued without the sanction of a special resolution of the Society.
113. The voting members may by special resolution restrict the borrowing powers of the
directors, but a restriction imposed expires at the next annual general meeting.
114. This Part apples only if the Society is required or has resolved to have an auditor
115. The first auditor shall be appointed by the directors who shall also fill all vacancies occurring in the office of auditor.
116. At each annuel general meeting the Society will appoint an auditor to hold office until
he/she is re-elected or her/his successor is elected at the next annual general meeting.
117. An auditor may be removed by ordinary resolution of the voting members of the
118. An auditor shall be promptly informed in writing of her/his appointment or removal.
119. No director or employee of the Society shall be appointed an auditor of the Society.
120. The auditor may attend general meetings of the Society.
Notice of general meetings may be given to a Member either by publishing a notice in
...^ Newspaper or by mail to him/her at his /her registered address.
122. Notice of a ge-neral meeting shal! be given to:
i^i    ,.,,«.,, .,„+.„-, mQmh^r ^h^,,.,r, ,-,,, .!-,*>. ">-.^ter of members on the day notice is given.
121. Not
eve-y voting member shown on the registt
<b)   the auditor, if Part 15 applies.
123. Upon being edmitted to membership, each Member is entitled to, at a maximum
charge of One Dollar ($1.00), a copy of the Constitution and By-laws of the Society which
the Society shall furnish to the Member upon request.
124. The Constitution and By-laws of the Society may be amended by:
(al A special 'esolution of the Society passed at a general meeting of the Society
whsre there is a quorum of five percent (5%) of the voting Day Members at the
Point Grey campus of the University, or
(b)   A referendum held in accordance with Part 8.
125. Amendments may be initiated by:
(a) any voting member of the Society, provided that the proposed amendment is sign
ed by at ltiast five hundred (500) voting members and is delivered to the Board
lb)   a resolution of the Board of directors; or
(cl   a petition signed by at least fifty percent (50%) of the members of the Staff.
126. The Board Chair shall, forthwith after receipt of such propsed amendments referred to
in Paragraph 125, post at least ten (10) copies of the proposed amendments in conspicuous
places about the I niversity and shall submit a copy of the same to the Board of directors
unless the Board of directors initiated the referendum. Such proposed amendments shall
also be published  n the Newspaper if the publishing schedule permits.
127. Not less than ten (10) days and not more than thirty (30) days after posting of the proposed amendmens, the Board of directors shall submit the same to the Society at a
general meeting oi by means of a referendum, as provided in Paragraph 124.
Any questions about tha constitution,
bylaws, funding methods or otlher autonomy
questions, can ba answered at Tha Ubyssey
liquid refreshment bash, today at noon or
any time during next week in SUB 241k,
The Ubyssey staff would like to thank stu*
dent council for generous access to the AMS
lawyer in helping draft this constitution and
bylaws and for calling a referendum on the
question. Page 10
Friday, March 19, 1982
Randall breaks wall of silence
Margaret Randall is a Cuban
revolutionary who is now working
for the Sandinista government in
RANDALL . . . breaking silences
As a poet, writer and journalist
she has been commissioned to help
design a new communications industry.
She calls her work breaking
silences; a reference to her role as a
feminist editor who has been recording the emergence of women's
voices in Cuba and Nicaragua.
Breaking the Silences is also the
name of one of two books published last year by Vancouver's Pulp
press. It is an anthology of poetry
by Cuban women. The other is called Sandino's Daughters, a collection of stories by and about women
in the Nicaraguan revolution.
This week Randall visited Vancouver to read from her books and
to speak about the political situation in Central America. Her objective, she said,  was to try to break
through the wall of silence and lies
that surrounds Central America
and especially Nicaragua.
To a crowd of about 300 people,
she appeared as a woman of
remarkable versatility and strength.
Yet on this occasion she was clearly
near exhaustion.
"We are expecting an invasion at
any time. It was announced last
Sunday (March 8) at the university
in Tegucigalpa (the capital of Honduras) that Nicaragua would be invaded that day. We believe the only
error in the announcement was the
Her Brooklyn accent was disarming until she explained that after
growing up in New York she moved
to Cuba 12 years ago. Her three
eldest children are living there and
two   daughters   are   with   her   in
Nicaragua. Her majestically greying
hair barely testifies to her 45 years.
She said she was anxious to get
on to the reading but took time to
talk about the Reagan administration. She said the U.S. is planning
to "destroy" the Sandinista regime
and she mocked the "proof" of
Nicaraguan arms shipments to El
Salvador as the dishonest basis for a
disinformation campaign.
According to Randall, the United
States, with either Nicaragua or El
Salvador as a focus, is soon going
to become much more deeply involved in Central America than it
has. "If the U.S. does not negotiate
peace, it will be another Vietnam. It
is beginning to be another
But if Randall appeared exasperated at the prospect of war,
El Salvador elections a re not rational
From page 1
"-We have a democratic revolution government program that we
have given out to the international
community," he adds.
"We would implement the
changes and reforms that would
guarantee the political, economic
and social welfare of our people. At
the international level, we would
have a policy of peace and non-
Despite the elections, the
FDR/FMLN is going to continue
fighting for justice. "The FDR has
expressed in El Salvador and in international circles that we are going
to fight before, during and after the
elections, because the elections are a
farce and are not a logical or rational solution to this conflict,"
says Dada.
That the elections are not, and
cannot be a solution is gaining acceptance among people outside El
Salvador. History shows democracy
simply can't be implemented in the
midst of a civil war, especially when
the government and its armed
forces are responsible for its outbreak and are instigators of its escalation.
Many people feel the elections are
in fact a facade — that they are not
intended to bring about a truly
democratic and representative
government, and are instead intended to legitimize both the El
Salvador government and the
Reagan administration's policy visa-vis Central America in general,
and El Salvador in particular.
"The elections were designed by
the United States to push their interests in the region," says Harvey
MacKinnon, B.C. coordinator for
"With elections, they can say
that there is a legitimately elected
government, approved by a certain
percentage of the people. That can
allow them to support it
economically and politically
because it's not simply a junta that
came to power in what was basically
a coup — it's a so-called
'democratically elected' government," says MacKinnon.
THE test
educational    | since 1938
Call Days, Evenings - Weekends
440- 1107 N.E. 45 Street,
Seattle, Wash. 98105
(206) 632-0634
The elections are geared toward
serving the interests of the Reagan
administration. "What is even better for them in El Salvador is that if
(civilian junta member and president Jose Napoleon) Duarte is reelected they could say that it's a
democratic government and is not
controlled by the military," says
MacKinnon. "And that suits their
interests even better."
Whatever the outcome of the
elections, says MacKinnon, they
may allow the American government to achieve a few of its goals.
"Internally, in the States, they'll
use this to put forward their position that this is a free government;
that these people represent the centre and are not extreme rightists or
extreme leftists," he says.
"They'll use this as propaganda
throughout North America and try
to use it throughout the world,
although most people in other parts
of the Western world realize that
the elections are a sham."
If the intent of the elections is
suspect, so are the procedures. "In
the elections there are, basically,
just rightists running," says
MacKinnon. "And even they can't
campaign without getting shot at by
other rightist forces."
With government and right-wing
violence so widespread, it would be
both futile and foolish for the
FDR/FMLN   or   any   leftist   op
position to participate in the elections, MacKinnon says. "For them
to say that the left are welcome to
put down their guns and participate
in the elections is just completely
ludicrous, because even the right
can't operate without getting attacked by other people on the right
and by the death squads," he says.
"That gives you some idea of how
fair the elections are going to be."
As the elections draw near, the
Reagan administration is having increased difficulty in passing off the
elections as fair, democratic expressions of the people. Opposition to
them is rising, despite the heavy-
handed rhetoric emanating from
Recent events have shed light on
the reality behind the elections.
The election of a new president in
Guatemala two weeks ago, also
espoused as a step toward
democracy, was exposed and proven fraudulent. When
demonstrators protested in the
streets of Guatemala City, they
were tear gassed and dispersed by
government troops.
In late January, a Canadian
parliamentary delegation returned
from a tour of Central America,
and unanimously condemned the
elections in El Salvador.
The Reagan administration continues to make charges that the turmoil is communist inspired, yet of
fers no proof. Awareness is growing
that the situation is not, as Reagan
maintains, an "insurgency" by a
minority of leftists, but rather a
full-scale civil war.
The FDR/FMLN has declared an
all-out offensive against the junta,
and has appealed over its radio,
Venceremos, to the people of El
Salvador to join in the struggle
against the government. As March
24, the second anniversary of the
assassination of archbishop Oscar
Romero, and March 28, the day of
the elections approach, there will be
an intense escalation of violence.
While the Reagan administration
and its puppet government in El
Salvador play out their election
ruse, members of the FDR/FMLN
will be fighting and dying for
her readings represented anything
but defeatism.
She described women poets in
Cuba today as at the forefront of a
literary explosion. "There is a
movement of writers that in the last
three years has taken most of the
major national literary awards."
She read from two examples of
this poetry as a prelude to a
lengthier reading of stories from
Sandino's Daughters.
The final story was of a young
woman who spent two years in
Somoza's national guard as a Sandinista informer. Her "testimony"
for Randall's book related her involvement as an agent for the guard
in a student demonstration where
she was inadvertantly passed a flag
to carry.
When the police began firing at
the demonstration, a woman student next to her tried to protect her
and as a result was held back and
beaten by the police. Following her
arrest this woman was brought to
the informer for interrogation. And
today her interrogator looks
everywhere for the woman. "Now
that we can speak freely, I want to
tell her we were on the same side."
The evening had an emotional
pitch that was matched only by the
overwhelming sense of urgency that
Randall unabashedly established.
The politics of her poetics were
defined by an unmistakably profound commitment to a very real
and terribly immediate struggle.
"The people of Central America
are aware of the support that is being expressed in Canada," said
Randall. She did not need to emphasize that if their struggle is victorious, people all over the world
will share in the joy of a defeat to
the kind of military madness
currently with the support of the
Reagan administration.
By Athol Fugard
STARRING William Taylor and
William Hall Jr.
Monday Nights Pmy WhmtYou Can
Granvltto fstend
"•iparwnc* what it u like to hava • Mack stun
•nd tiva in South Africa."
Sunday Times
Queen's University,
Concordia University,
York University,
to the Mercury LN7 winners in
the Long Distance
We wish them many years of enjoyable driving.
And thanks to the thousands of other students who _ ^^B
participated. Better luck next year! Meanwhile, LlOnCI I Jlj-Sl^-Jl^f^-*^
good luck in your exams, have a great summer and
keep that Long Distance Feeling going strong!
TransCanada Telephone System Friday, March 19,1982
Page 11
Song series celebrates women artists
Heather Bishop opened an excellent two-part concert series of
women artists, last Monday night.
Bishop and five other women performers played music ranging from
blues to bluegrass, jazz and folk.
The My Song is My Own series,
jointly produced by the Vancouver
Folk Music Society and the Vancouver East Cultural Centre began
on International Women's Day.
It's hard to think of a more appropriate choice to open a series on
Her songs about being a
housewife, Dirty Laundry anti the
Stepping Out Housewife's Prayer
had an unappealling granola
wholesomeness. Maybe a full band
would help. The New One, her
punk song that was more rock than
punk, was one of the experimental
songs that did work.
Arntzen is talented and though
it's admirable that she tries a range
of material and musical styles she
band are concerned about women's
issues but it's so easy to get caught
up in their foot stomping rhythms
that you momentarily forget.
Flower is an accomplished guitarist
and fiddler from San Francisco's
Bay area with old-time and
bluegrass roots. She had the enthusiastic audience clapping and
snapping Wednesday night for the
third concert in the Women's
BISHOP . . . versatile, engaging
women's music than Heather
Bishop. A native of Woodmore,
Manitoba, Bishop is a versatile and
engaging performer whose personal
integrity demands both audience attention and respect.
Best known as a blues singer,
Bishop demonstrated a rich vocal
range while sharing her energy,
humour, and sensitivity with the
largely female audience. There was
a wealth of material and Bishop
moved easily from emotive blues
pieces like Lady Sings The Blues to
an exaggerated version of the classic
You Send Me that sent the audience
into compulsive laughter.
She sang hauntingly of the
Prairie Wind and warmly about her
Neighbours. Her Cry Like A River
was sensitive and 1 Love Women In
Love was spirited and sensuous. It's
this spirit that explains her natural
rapport and the energy she puts into
every song.
Bishop also sang two selections
from her soon to be released
children's album. The Belly Button
Song is a subversive eulogy to, well,
bellybuttons, and the Alligator
Waltz is just plain fun.
Bishop is a concerned feminist
and she closed the first set with A
Woman's Anger, a song about
a woman working in a male
dominated environment. But she
also did an earthy Fever, her sensuous song about teasing and pleasing. She is a version of talented individual who is not easily labeled.
Bishop recieved a well deserved
standing ovation. Her natural
warmth and rich reportoire make
her a powerful and memorable performer.
Holly Arntzen tries. And considering the small audience that
turned out for the second concert in
the women's series, she deserves
credit for still doing her professional best. Unfortunately her best
wasn't always the best.
Arntzen is a local performer of
free folk and swing jazz and was accompanied by Vancouver bass
player Tom Hazlitt.
She is accomplished on the
guitar, dulcimer and piano and
sings well when she stays within a
limited range. With the right
material she can do some foot tapping, finger snapping jazz and blues.
Her versions of Wandering Soul
and Working Man's Blues were
very good. And her jazzy Indeed I
Do, was a high point of the concert.
On the other hand her rendition
of the Pointer Sisters' Fire simply
didn't capture the heat. She also
had a tendency to scat to the point
FLOWER . . . feminist fiddler urges political action
would give a better concert il she
concentrated on what she does best.
She should take the advice of one of
her compositions, Be Yourself and
Do It Well.
Robin Flower and her all female
The group played a number of
old time Americn fiddle tunes including Blackberry Blossom and the
Temperance Reel with some traditional Irish fiddle songs.
Both Flower and co-fiddler Barb
Higbie were exceptional. Though
individually    the    vocals    left
something to be desired, the groups
combined harmonies in bluegrass
pieces like West Virginia My Home
were sweet. Old South Bound She's
Burning The Ground was the required train song and Flower's
Sometimes Coffee Tastes Like
Chocolate was a unique excuse for
another foot stomping instrumental.
Flower displayed a good sense of
humour in her easygoing chatter
with the audience and witty compositions like When We Wake Up
This Morning We May Be Gone.
Her environmental concerns were
expressed in Blackwater, a coal
mining lament, and politics and
humour were combined in the lively
Still Ain't Satisfied, a cry for
political action.
Flower and the band received two
stomping ovations. A number of
her vocal numbers contained
feminist and political comments but'
as she said herself, her album would
make a good present for your
parents. The instrumentals are so
good it takes a while before you
recognize the message.
Billy Joel move over. Mary
Watkins made her Vancouver debut
Thursday night, and the
multitalented pianist, composer,
and arranger completely hypnotized
the audience.
Watkins, who hails from Los
Angeles, weaves elements of blues,
jazz, and classical music into rich
melodies and magical harmonies.
She is also a warm and charming
It is difficult to think o:~ enough
adjectives to describe the many
moods she can create. Her hands
alternately wandered and flowed
over the keys, doing everything
from a gentle jazzy arrangement of
Carole King's Natural Women to
an errie and jumping composition
called Witches' Revenge.
Watkin's rich reportoire includes
everyting from piano bar classics to
swing and gospel pieces.
Watkins has an uncanny ability
Seeger explodes theatre
The lights dim and the Queen
Elizabeth theatre explodes with applause. The performer walks out
from the wings and the clapping becomes intense. Someone standi up.
Suddenly 3,000 people are on their
feet. Before Pete Seeger plays a
single note, he receives a five minute standing ovation.
When Seeger finally started singing on Saturday March 4, 3,000
other people sang along. Seeger was
not just a performer, he was the
conductor of a massive chorus.
He sang songs from arounc the
world in a variety of languages. He
sang songs that were centuries old.
He sang serious songs, sad songs
and funny songs. But whatever the
style, he performed vigorously and
The warm spring evening began
on an energetic wave. The swirling
crowd outside the doors was lively
and vibrant. Smiling friends embraced each other, political groups
distributed literature, and everywhere there was excited chatter.
Seeger attracted a strange assortment of people. The legendary musician appeals to Christians, unionists, pseudo leftists, environmentalists, folksy types, and lovers of
good music in general.
Seeger gained prominence as a
musician in the '40s. He was an 3ut-
spoken advocate of human rights
and an agitator for social change.
He was blacklisted for unAmer can
activities in the '50s, so he took his
message to the rest of the world He
of irritatipji...   r.,...,,...... .has.performed.in.37.countries, and ,
has brought music from all parts of
the world to North America.
The show was completely sold
out, and 200 extra seats had been
added on the stage itself. People
with extra tickets were scalping
them — usually for free.
Seeger carried the excitement
throughout the concert. Audience
is  humor,"  he
SEEGER . . . just a real great guy
participation was overwhelming
and Seeger's social comments, both
spoken and sung, were warmly embraced. But the participation was
not blind. Seeger encouraged
thought on all issues by continually
poking fun at hardline ideologies,
politicians in general, and himself.
His second song was a slow, intense version of Amazing Grace.
But he immediately followed it with
a flippant version of That Old Time
Religion..' 'One of.the best cures for
Seeger kept the concert thoroughly entertaining by continually
changing pace and style. Toward
the end of the first set he played
beautiful and haunting melodies on
an African flute. The audience was
left awed and silent. And suddenly
the theatre exploded with: sound
and excitement again when Seeger
played a fast version of Giantana-
mera to end the set.
He also played two songs for
children in the audience. Young
people became avid participators
when Seeger played She'll Ele Coming 'Round the Mountain and Abi
Yoyo, the classic kid's ballad from
Other classics Seeger performed
included Wimoweh (the lion sleeps
tonight), Solidarity Forever, Kisses
Sweeter Than Wine ("sing along
unless you disagree with the philosophy," he said) and Last Night I
Had The Strangest Dream (where
he changed the lyrics from "and the
room was filled with men," to "filled with women and men").
Seeger also sang songs written by
his sister Peggy, and active feminist
and unionist.
Seeger performed on his own, but
the second set began with songs by
the Ash Street Players, a year-old
group who perform at sill Ash Street
Productions. Their performance,
although not as energetic as
Seeger's, was poignant and stirring.
Their contribution significaitly enhanced the evening's program.
to paint moods with piano notes.
Her sensitive and creative compositions capture the essence of her subjects. Playground, a song about
childhood memories, was both
curious and playful, and Song For
My Mother was warm and embracing.
The Street Merchant was a lively
tune that captured the vibrancy and
complexity of New York.
If they hadn't taken her guitar
away, Elizabeth Cotten would have
played all night. Cotten. an 89 year
old   folk   institution,   shared   her
COTTEN ... a folk hero
music, warmth, and energy with an
enthusiastic audience Friday night,
for the fifth concert in the Women's
Series. Cotten sang traditional
blues, folk and spirituals while
picking her guitar in the style that
has influenced three generations of
Also an engaging story teller she
continuously talked with the audience, sharing her history and her
spiritual beliefs. Her recollections
of growing up in rural North
Carolina at the turn of the century
were colourful and informative.
When she was nine years old Cotten taught herself the guitar and her
technical virtuosity can rarely be
faulted. Her voice may have aged
but her vitality is timeless.
During the first set she ranged
from delicate simple melodies like
New Years Eve to strong faster
pieces like Street Blues. She included Freight Train, the folk classic she
composed at age 12. For the second
half of the concert Cotten concentrated on gospel music. She encouraged the audience to join in
and they tried though it was difficult whith the unfamiliar tunes.
Though her spiritual enthusiasm
was the major focus, she displayed
a sad and reflective quality in Janet,
her song for the little girl, and
humor in Sugaree, a sing-a-long
about pawning.
The weakness of her vocals
doesn't tarnish her playing or
storytelling. When she finally left
the stage people lined up to shake
her hand and embrace her. Probably the most memorable scene
was during the intermission when
Cotten held a young baby in her
arms. If you judged by the twinkle
in their eyes only; you would have
seen two children.
Connie Kaldor, a gifted performer from Saskatchewan, held
the complete attention of the sold
out house in the final concert of the
Women's Series. Kaldor is not only
a talented and versatile writer but
also has a powerful voice and stage
presence. It is an indication of her
growing influence that artists earlier
in the week performed her material.
Kaldor is not easily labelled.
She's a little bit country, sensitive,
and a lot of fun. She's a
sophisticated and imaginative writer
who injects both depth and
mischievousness into a wide range
of material.
Her barbed humour and gentle
sarcasm in Jerks, a song about sexist boors, and Outlaw, dedicated to
the conquering male, kept the audience in stitches. Page 12
Friday, March 19, 1982
As you read through today's paper, you may notice a subject that comes
up again and again. We refer, of course, to "Ubyssey autonomy."
We hope you're not getting tired of the topic because that's what this
editorial will be about. We think it's important. We're hoping you do too.
We think it's important because students on this campus deserve an independent press, one that is free from the threat of council budget control.
The Ubyssey has been threatened by council in the past, either with
smaller budgets or the attempted implementation in 1980 of a so-called
"editorial board." Smaller budgets mean fewer papers, fewer pages and
therefore less space available to students. An "editorial board" destroys
the democratic and open system this paper operates on.
Fortunately, nothing like that has happened this year. It might not even
happen next year. But what will prevent such things from occurring in
future years, when councils might be more reluctant to fund a paper that
seeks to report on the business of the group that pays their bills?
The only way to prevent this situation is to remove The Ubyssey from
council's control, and to turn it over to those people who fund the paper.
We're talking, of course, about the students.The Ubyssey staff's
autonomy proposal would give students a larger voice in the financial
aspects of the paper, and would ensure the democratic structure necessary
for an effective free press that is both accessible and accountable to
Students would sit on the board of directors that would approve The
Ubyssey's budget. Students would have the final say in how the paper is
run. Students would be the ultimate authority, and the paper's destiny
would no longer be in the hands of council members, who often have no
idea of how the paper is run.
To establish this structure, this "publishing society," we are asking
students to pay an extra $2 each year. This money, along with $2 of the
current AMS fee, would go directly to The Ubyssey Publishing Society.
Is two bucks extra really too much to ask for a free, independent press?
For the price of a beer and a hot dog in the Pit you can have your own
Some of you might not like The Ubyssey. We realize this, but ifs very
hard to please 23,000 people all of the time, or even some of the time.
But you are not asked to vote whether or not you like The Ubyssey. You
are being given the opportunity to set up a free press at UBC.
Make UBC into Vegas North to solve funding
There's been a lot of talk these
days about the financial troubles
plaguing UBC. A lot of needless
worrying could be spared if the administrators would only apply a bit
of creative thinking to the problem.
This being my final year, 1 thought
it only fitting to leave behind some
thoughtful advice.
As an attempt to not only restrain
spending, but to actually generate
countless dollars, I humbly propose
the following suggestions:
Delay denied
Just a further note to an already
successful story: the arts
undergraduate society was not
responsible, repeat, was not responsible, for the delay in delivery of
The Ubyssey last Tuesday morning.
This occurrence must be attributed
to the work of evil capitalistic
forces outside of the university, unfortunate coincidences notwithstanding.
Meanwhile, I hope you all enjoyed The Heressey edition, and
thoroughly revelled in the terrific
variety of events and spectables of
Arts Week 1982.
Colin "mississippi" Morse,
AUS Harmonica Player and
Provisional Wing Commander
• Sell timber rights to MacMillan. Forestry undergraduates
would benefit through on-the-job
• Move the commerce faculty to
the Bentall centre downtown and
turn Angus into a casino lounge.
Sign Wayne Newton and Charo to a
lifetime contract. Future plans
could include the conversion ol
main mall into a gambling strip.
The Scarfe building and its contents
to be auctioned-off in the basement
of the People's Church, Tsawassen.
• Scrap non-lucrative varsity
football and convert Thunderbird
stadium into a thoroughbred race
track. Stock car trials considered as
an alternative.
• Disband the governing body
of the AMS. Hold a betting pool to
see how long it would take the campus to realize they are gone.
• Asphalt the pathways in
Nitobe gardens and open a go-cart
• Hire a committee to find out,
once-and-for-all, whether or not the
sociology department actually does
exist. Although not specifically
geared to generate fundings, such
a study would clear-up a much
debated issue, and may even justify
spending in this area.
• Levy a fifty per cent tas on all
UBC   clothing   sold   on   campus.
Anyone dumb enough to spend $18
on a sweatshirt surely wouldn't object to $27
• Allocate an unlimited budget
to the theatre film department and
appoint George Lucas as department head.
• Bring up Micky Gilley from
Houston to manage the Pit. Hire
Debra Winger to perform nightly.
• Replace Doug Kenny with
Fred Silverman, in time for the fall
• Appoint Dino De Laurentiis as
the provincial minister of universities. This would leave Pat McGeer
free to hire out to the state of
California where he could pursue
the portfolio position he's always
dreamed of — minister of science,
technology and Disneyland.
Lastly, remember to encourage
the sale of subsidized beer, get those
tuition cheques in on time, and have
a good year, eh?
Don Privett
arts 4
More one-sided cover age,as usual
March 19, 1982
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout
the university year by the Alma Mater Society of the
University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the
staff and not of the AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The
Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241k of the Student
Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
"i really don't give a shit who you leave out of this masthead, as long as I get my name in,"
declared Glen Sanford. "We really don't give a shit about you," chimed Gene Long and Craig
Brooks. "What do we give a shit about?" wondered Corinna Sundararajan and Kevin Mullen.
"Hmmm. . . that's a pretty hard question," said Brian Jones and Arnold Hedstrom. "Wait,
I've got it!" cried Julie Wheelwright. "You haven't got anything except maybe. . ." sneered
Scott McDonald, who was interrupted by Pat MacLeod. She shouted the correct answer:
"AUTONOMY." This brought a lot of cheers and handclapping from everyone I haven't named yet. These people included Emmanuel Cook, the CITR spy, and Nancy Campbell, who
rushed off to meet her father. Others noticeably excited were Eric Eggertson and Keith Baldrey. the only true redheads on-staff. Autonomy tends to make people's heads swim, and
that's what it did to Kerry Regier and Brian Byrnes. And what happened to Helen Yagi is
much too complex to be dealt with in this small box. Eve Wigod is still passed out from the excitement. That left Shaffin "I shot the" Shariff.
In view of the one-sided coverage
that The Ubyssey has been giving to
the current controversy over government funding of higher education, I believe it is time for a rational assessment of the implications, both moral and economic, of
this important issue.
Unfortunately, given the ideological biases which clearly dominate
the thinking of this newspaper's
editorial staff, I feel such an assessment is unlikely to be forthcoming.
As usual, The Ubyssey has chosen
obfuscation over accuracy in its
dealing with this emotional topic.
Therefore, allow me to make some
sense of the issues at hand, and,
hopefully, clarify the realities of the
situation rather than engaging in
the mindless polemics which have
characterized some of The Ubyssey's recent headlines.
It is a sad fact of contemporary
society that university students,
who are theoretically an intellectual
elite, have not the slightest understanding of elementary economic
principles. Whenever students demand "accessible" education, they
fail to realize (or deliberately refuse
to) that they are making a claim on
someone else's resources. Contrary
to what student mythology may
suggest, it is impossible to have subsidized education without, in effect,
stealing the money to pay for it
from millions of people who do not
attend institutions of higher learning. (Although, of course, when
governments steal, it's called "taxation").
This obviously raises a fundamental question: why should citizens who do not attend college or
universities be coerced into paying
for those who do? The typical justification for such coercion revolves
around the "social benefits" that
are allegedly derived from higher
education. However, this reasoning
is entirely spurious.
The simple fact of the matter is
that the benefits of a higher education are primarily private rather
than social. There is simply no convincing empirical evidence to suggest that government funding of
higher education confers on society
any substantial benefits. It is economically meaningless to claim that
publicly funded education benefits
society unless one compares the
benefits derived to the social costs
of the oppressive tax structure
necessary to support universities.
It is easily conceivable that these
costs, in terms of lower productivity
and rates of capital investment,
may far outweigh the elusive benefits that 5,000 philosophy B.A.'s
confer on society. It is certainly
true, however, that there are individual, private gains to be reaped
from education in terms of higher
salaries. But this is clearly not a justification for public involvement.
As it is, with students paying less
than 10 per cent of the cost of their
university education, I find it
morally repugnant to see thousands
of oversized children parading all
across Canada demanding that tuition fees not be raised one iota.
With other people already paying
for over 90 per cent of their expenses, just what do these radicals
want? If anyone really does desire a
higher education in Canada, they
should be willing to fund it them
selves as it is they who will be reaping the primary rewards.
On the front page of the March
12 edition of The Ubyssey lies a
shining example of the incoherent
mutterings of an uninformed mob.
In this article concerning the student rally in Victoria, Pat McGeer
is ridiculed for asking the very reasonable question of where more
funds for education could come
from, given an already over-taxed
populace. Of course, the predictable response of the students was
that there should be a higher tax on
However, one can only wonder
where all these future university
graduates are going to find work
when the evil corporations have
packed their bags and left B.C. for
an area with a more favorable tax
structure. But then, I suppose, the
unemployed graduates would be demanding their "right" to welfare
payments. It's a nice gravy train,
isn't it?
I could go on to discuss the ludicrous arguments against differential
fees for foreign students, presented
by such economic illiterates as Garnet Colly (whose latest front organization, 1 notice, is the Committee to fight the fee hike), but I believe my point has been made.
Suffice it to say that we will only
have "justice" in higher education
when tuition fees are brought more
into line with actual costs, and
when students grow up and quit
proclaiming their "right" to someone else's money.
Brad Watson
arts 3 Friday, March 19, 1982
Page 13
A MS paper
not your own
How can you call yourself a student newspaper when you're owned
and financed by the Alma Mater
A student newspaper that is owned by the student government is in
the position that the Sun and the
Province would be if they were
published by mayor Mike Harcourt.
How objective can you afford to
The right of the freedom of the
press, of the freedom to comment
on student government without fear
of reprisal is as basic as the freedom
of speech.
Without complete separation of
the newspaper and student government The Ubyssey will never be free
of overt pressure to provide "good
press" for the AMS at the expense
of fair press.
The Martlet, the University of
Victoria's student newspaper, has
received the support of our AMS in
our quest to provide students with
an independent paper and fair
coverage of student affairs.
But in a referendum held March
16 and 17, UVic students rejected
our proposal by a margain of 180
votes. We made the mistake of
thinking that the concept of a free
press would automatically be accepted. We didn't make much effort to get our message out to UVic
Next year we will go back to the
students with a full-fledged campaign and we have no doubt that
the vote will go the other way.
In the meantime, UVic will have
to endure a paper that is constrained in what it can do and say about
the AMS. We hope the students at
UBC will have more foresight.
Autonomy is not just worthwhile, it is essential.
The Martlet staff
university of Victoria
Autonomy is
really separation
After 64 years of "existance" (is
there a dictionary in the office?)
The Ubyssey should have learned
that there is no "a" in my surname.
A few weeks ago, in a story about
field-hockey, there were a number
of references to "MacGregor"
Field; that is MY field and the
reporter should have taken the trouble to be sure of his spelling. I am
extremely sensitive about my name,
its spelling and pronunciation, as
previous editors learned — all too
As a loyal graduate of The
Ubyssey, who has mourned its
crimes and praised its successes, as
one with ' 'the perspective gained by
time and experience," I do not approve of your campaign for separation.
The Ubyssey has lived successfully for 64 years as part of the Alma
Mater Society. It has been the critic
of student council through these
years: the resulting tension has been
and is entirely appropriate.
Freedom of expression has never
been restricted.
If The Ubyssey were to become
independent, there would be no
justification for its occupation of
space in the student union building,
or, indeed, on the campus at all.
This would be "sovereignty-
association," whereby you could
accept the advantages but deny the
responsibilities. The Ubyssey came
into existence as a part of the life of
the Alma Mater Society, the
students. It is only incidentally a
training ground for journalists and
the members of the staff are in the
first place students. It would be indefensible for them to become
managers of an independent enterprise.
Traditionally, The Ubyssey has
enjoyed autonomy to a very
remarkable degree. Autonomy and
independence are not synonymous.
My advice is: "carry on; fight the
good fight; be ever vigilant ir examination of the student council;
buy a good dictionary; train proofreaders."
Malcolm F. McGregor
Ubyssey staff 1927-1931
sports editor 1929-1931
U of T Varsity
supports Ubyssey
This year, at the University of
Toronto, one student paper has
been closed down by its student
council and another has barely
escaped closure.
This is the third year The Varsity
has operated as an autonomous corporation formally responsible to
full-time undergraduate students.
We have the best of both worlds:
freedom of speech and responsibility to our readers.
The Ubyssey has established itself
as an institution which has been
able to report the news and state its
opinions without any threat of
closure by an inimical student council.
Solidarnosc . . .
The Varsity staff
la lute continue
threatens press
There can be no doubt that any
news media which has to appes.l to
any government body for its income
is always in danger of having its
responsibilities and rights clipped
by the holder of the purse strings. It
is most particularly a danger when a
government has a control over a
paper which reports on the activities
of the government.
A really free and responsible
press can only be free if it is not
controlled by the people it reports
on and can only be responsible to
the people it serves. The people that
The Ubyssey serves are the
students. If the paper is willing to
go to the student body directly to
ask for their funds and to operate as
the voice of those students who are
paying for it then a long stride will
have been made in bringing about a
completely independent college
I am pleased that The Ubyssey
should be in the vanguard of such a
drive. Many of us who have spent
our lives in newspaper work since
leaving the campus are these days
greatly concerned about government moves which may greatly alter
the operation and the independence
of the press in this country. The
press is one of the few barrier; to
complete dominance that ever
growing bigger governments have
to deal with.
With all its sins, that press is an
important factor in seeing that the
public at large gets information that
governments would normally j.ive
it, or would color it in the giving.
The moves in Canada should be
held suspect by the people at large
because they will find that it is not
their unterests that will be protected.
This situation may not be completely applicable to that of The
Ubyssey. In principle it is the same
and the effort to get away from
government control is in my vew
not only totally admirable on part
of the paper; it is in the long-range
interests of the students of UBC.
Andy Snaddlon
Publisher, Medicine Hat News
Ubyssey staff, 1943
Hack applauds
freedom quest
I am very happy to endorse The
Ubyssey plans to become an independent society on the campus. It
always seemed to me when I was
part of the paper staff that it was
wrong for the newspaper to be
under the thumb of the Alma Mater
Society and the student council
especially when it was necessary
from time to time for the newspaper
to criticize those institutions.
Every newspaper needs to be
thoroughly independent of any sort
of official influence and this is
especially true of The Ubyssey
which has fought for its own independence for as long as I can
The paper has been the training
ground for many successful journalists and has generally been considered one of the top two or three
college newspapers in the country. I
applaud its continuing attempt to
free itself from all forms of outside
authority. Pierre Berton
former Ubyssey staff member
Press promotes
A free press — free of editorial
and financial manipulation — is
one of the pillars of a democratic
society. The students of UBC make
up a society and a community, yet
there is no separation of state (the
AMS student council) and press
(The Ubyssey) within this society.
We believe it is absolutely essential for The Ubyssey to become independent of the AMS council. The
Ubyssey is the largest student
newspaper in Canada which is not
autonomous from its student council. Of the numerous college and
university newspapers in B.C., The
Ubyssey and The Martlet are the
only one which aren't autonomous.
We fully support The Ubyssey's
present campaign for autonomy
and urge all students to vote "yes"
in the March 22-26 referendum. We
commend the AMS council for formally recognizing the desirability of
having an autonomous Ubyssey,
and are encouraged by the
undergraduate societies which have
done the same.
Students for Peace and
Mutual Disarmament
Go for it
Go for freedom. Do you think
I'd like to have the federal
government as my publisher? I
would not.
Michael Valpy
Globe and Mail columnist
Ubyssey staff, 1962-63
v ; s
autonomy now
I am delighted to lend my support
to your drive for financial
autonomy from the AMS. The
Ubyssey has been able to comment
fearlessly about AMS and university affairs over the last 23 years
mainly because the paper has been
blessed with an unbroken line of
strong staffs. During that time, The
Ubyssey has operated on a very efficient basis.
But in the future, The Ubyssey
will require financial independence
to continue as Canada's finest student newspaper. Above all, should
any part of The Ubyssey's operations be left in the hands of mere
student politicians? I don't think
so. Good luck and keep up the good
Chris Gainor
editor, 1977-78
End control of
The Ubyssey
Someone, almost famous,
once said, "Freedom of the
press belongs to those who own
Next week, students at UBC
will be given a chance to own
one. Although students currently fund The Ubyssey, it is by no
means a free press. The paper's
budget is controlled by student
This situation invites a few
comparisons. Imagine the Social
Credit government owning the
Vancouver Sun. Or the federal
government determining the
Toronto Globe and Mail's
Those analogies are not
ludicrous. They parallel the current structure at UBC. How
much money The L'byssey
receives each year is determined
by 30 or so council members. If
council doesn't like what the
paper has printed about them,
the Alma Mater Society or
anything else, they have the
power to reduce the paper's
budget or stop publication.
The council has not exerted
this power this year, or even last
year, but they have in the past.
The council even went so far as
to try to appoint an editorial
board in the summer of 1980.
Fortunately, the council never
carried through its threat after
summer students, and the
paper's staff, massively voiced
their disapproval.
But there is no guarantee that
something like that could not
happen again. There is no
guarantee the students newspaper
on this campus could not turn
into a mouthpiece for student
But if students vote "yes"
during next week's autonomy
referendum, that guarantee will
exist. No longer will The
Ubyssey be punished, at budget
approval time, for unfavorable
coverage of council or the AMS.
No longer will The Ubyssey be
subject to council takeover at
the whim of an unscrupulous
Students will be asked to vote
on three questions: to form a
separate publishing society for
The Ubyssey, to increase fees $2
and direct $2 from the current
fee to the new society, and to
give the rights to The Ubyssey's
name to the new society.
If the autonomy referendum
passes, the Ubyssey will at last
be a free press. It will be more
accessible and accountable to
How? The separate society
that will publish The Ubyssey
will be governed by students
through a five-member board of
directors. Two of the directors
will be elected at-large by all
students, two will be elected by
the Ubyssey staff, and one will
be elected by the employees of
the society.
The board of directors will be
responsible for the society's
budget, hiring employees and
will act as an appeal board for
Ubyssey staff decisions.
Ihe Ubyssey newspaper itself
will be run the way it is now:
democratically, with the staff
determining all aspects of the
paper, from articles to layout to
photographs and editorials.
Staff membership will be open
to all registered students under
the proposed bylaws.
All students at UBC will
become members of the publication society and therefore will
have a direct say in the paper's
finances and operation through
Some students might be opposed to paying more money for
student fees. But the paper's
staff feels an additional $2 is a
cheap price to pay for a free
So, don't vote with your
wallet next week. Vote by your
principles. Support a free press.
Keith Baldrey is a Ubyssey
staffer who would obviously be
really, really happy if the
autonomy referendum next week
passes. Freestyle is a column
open to all Ubyssey staffers who
wish to discuss, scream or shout
anything that is on theirminds. Page 14
Friday, March 19, 1982
Tween Classes
Pacific Rtm Conference — workshops, cultural
events and dance. Discussion of Human Conditions in the Pacific Rim. For more info phone
228-5021 or 5022. Conference begins at 7:30
p.m., tonight and goes 'till Sunday at International House.
Political leaders parody party cancelled. Tories
gone to fix the bail. Bzzr garden instead, 4:30 to
9 p.m. Everyone welcome, including those ding-
a-iing Tories.
NDP MP Svend Robinson speaks, noon, SUB
Slide show on summer employment on rail
gangs as laborer-teachers, noon, SUB 215.
Pro-autonomy bzzr bash, noon, SUB 241k.
Curriculum workshops, 9:30 a.m., International
House, lower lounge.
Native Indian Teacher Education Program grad
presentation and panel discussion, noon, Scarfe
Susan Tatoosh will speak on Native Women in
the Labor Force, 1:30 p.m., Museum of Anthropology theatre.
Closing ceremonies to Native Awareness Week
with Kitsegeucla and Lak'ancok dancers, 2:30
p.m., Asian Studies auditorium.
Happy hour: cheapest in town, 4 p.m., Lutheran
Campus Centre.
Worship, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre.
T-shirt party and bzzr garden, ride on Sunday,
meet at SUB at 10 a.m., party at 4 p.m., SUB
Storm the wall finals, noon, between Sub and
Main library.
Intramural color night,  banquet and dance,  5
p.m.. Faculty Club.
General meeting and elections, noon, International House main lounge.
Stu Cuthbert car rally, 5:30 p.m., first car out at
Beaver gas station at Oakridge plaza.
Election and general meeting, all executive positions are open. More information at CSA office
in SUB 235. Meeting at 7 p.m., in SUB party
Student performance followed by a party in the
auditorium, 8 p.m., auditorium, Asian Centre,
also a chance for those interested to register for
summer classes.
B.C. Labatt's Intramural Sports Day. Participate
in a day of physical and social activity, 10 a.m..
War Memorial gym.
|       Hot  Plashes
mention the exact name because of
certain advertising laws) in The
Ubyssey office, room 241k SUB.
What better way to spend a Friday afternoon than drinking with
real live student journalists, discuss
the merits of autonomy (jeez, that
word appears a lot in this issue) and
read all the neat stuff on the walls
of the office? The view of the
mountains ain't so bad, either.
And if free suds don't convince
you, remember to vote in next
week's referendum. You want a
free press, don't you?
Cool heel*
with boory rag
Been feeling thirsty these past
few blazing hot days? Trying to
cool off but just don't know how?
Think Ubyssey autonomy is a good
idea, or at least want to find out
more about it?
Well, has The Ubyssey staff got a
treat for you! Starting at noon today, everyone is invited to quaff a
bit of the barley liquid (we can't
Field Hockey
Both the first and second teams
won their playoff games last weekend and this weekend they play two
games each. The junior team must
win to get promoted to the first division next year.
The women's team has a very big
game this weekend. UBC must win
to finish in the last playoff spot.
Last weekend the Thunderbirds
won 7-0.
Storm the Wall
The finals of the Wall competition will be held today.
1110 Seymour St.
688 2481
Greco-Roman Cuisine
7 Days a Week: 5 p.m.-1 a.m.
Fri. and Sat.: 5 p.m. to 2 a.m.
FREE fast delivery!
4610 West 10th Ave.
argil**1 p>|
Thurs. 7:00
1 Fri £r Sun 7:00 8 9:30
$1.00 SUB AUDI
I Note: No Saturday shows but\
extra Sunday show!
Practice, everybody welcome, 10 p.m., bottom
of Aquatic centre pool.
Show up to help with service or face dire consequences, 2 p.m.. Extended Care Hospital.
Touring ride, 9 a.m., meet south side of SUB.
Whine and cheese party, bring your own intoxicant, 7.30 p.m. Location and further details in
SUB 237b, or phone 228-4638
General meeting, club elections, nominations
still open. Film: Road and Track Road Test,
everyone welcome, sign up for Westwood driving school at meeting, 7 p.m., SUB 215.
lan Waddell cancelled.
Advance polls, 5 to 7 p.m.. Totem, Vanier and
Voting till Friday, major buildings.
Probably the last meeting of the year, duty now
for the future, 1:30 p.m., SUB 206 student council chambers.
Literature table, noon, SUB foyer.
General meeting, all welcome, noon, Angus 412.
UBC Ball tickets available, noon, SUB 220;
deadline for competition registration for open
events, March 19; club closed events, March 20;
special coaching session with Pete for competition, 6:30 p.m., SUB party room.
Meeting, ordering of jerseys, finalization of bzzr
garden, noon. Bio. 2449.
Free legal advice, o ily open for two more weeks,
noon to 2 p.m., SUB 111.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 237b.
Graduates — In Retrospect, noon, SUB 211.
Film presentation The War Game. Too disturbing
to be shown on television, noon, SUB auditorium.
Speech and info on treeplanting, which is a major employer of students. The speech will be
given by Phillip Pitchborn, who is trying to make
sure that students don't get ripped off, noon,
SUB 212.
Making your summer count, noon, Hebb 12.
General meeting, noon, SUB 125.
(When available)
Located at ihe back of the Village
on Campus
30%-60°/o savings on rental equipment.
20%-30°/o savings on new equipment,
clothing and accessories.
are now being accepted for
This person may NOT be a member of Students Council
or the Student Administrative Commission.
Application forms are available from the
Nominations close on Wednesday, March 24, 1982
RATES: Cimpu* - 3 HnM. 1 day tt.00; additional HnM. He.
Commercial - 3 Hnaa. 1 day tt.«3; additional Nnaa
He. Additional days $3.30 and Me.
Classified ads an not accepted by telephone and an payable in
advance. Deadline is 10:30 a.m. the day baton pubfeatfon.
Publications Office. Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C.V6T2A5
5 — Coming Events
Think about your newly acquired skills. Sharing
them with the people of developing nations in
Africa, South East Asia, Latin America, the
Caribbean. CUSO offers involvement that lasts a
For information please contact the CUSO office.
International House. UBC
Phon.228-4888 la.ml
Free Public Lecture
Wolfson College
Cambridge University
President David Williams is the chairman of the
Law Faculty at Cambridge University and has
served on several councils concerned with environmental protection.
AT 8:15 P.M.
10 — For Sale — Commercial
COMMUNITY SPORTS: A store full of ski
wear, hockey equipment, sleeping bags,
jogging shoes, soccer boots, racquets of all
kinds, and dozens of other items at very attractive prices. 3615 W. Broadway.
For Sale — Private
1973 MAZDA RX3. Excellent condition.
Offers welcomed, 734-5723. Sealy sofa-
bed, dinette, coffee tables, etc. 734-5723.
'80 LASER w. extras, hardly used. Replacement $2340. Asking $1900. Dave,
738-1587; messages, 922-8228.
dition, $800 new, must sell, $400. Phone
Ernie, 873-9431.
20 — Housing
WANTED: Accomodation for two May 1 to
August 31. Must be near campus.
35 - Lost
LOST: Gold key-shaped pin, with KKG on
front. Reward. Phone 734-4104.
Reward - 224-2194.
GOLD I.D. BRACELET with name engraved:
Bessie. Call 228-3977.
LOST Calculator HP-34C in SUB March 17th.
Reward $10. Call 734-4590.
50 — Rentals
in downtown Montreal. Near McGill, Concordia. To sublet May 1st. Terms open.
Telephone 514-934-1709.
65 — Scandals
ATTENTION  WEST-FED,   Traitor  in  your
midstl We know your strategy. Tread soft-
4 LAW STUDENTS sailing in Greece May
third to seventeenth, want 2 crewmates.
$300/wk. Dave, 733-9065.
70 — Services
INCOME TAX RETURNS. One price: $15.00
students only. No self-employed.
Weekdays 10-6. 438-0952.
Making Your Job Search Work!
Searching for a job but don't know how
to get hired? You'll need to learn:
— the art of "reading" job ads
— the skill of choosing your best
resume format
— creative job search strategies and
much more
PLUS    see    yourself    as    employers
might: (through videotaped activities)
all day, intensive, level *1 WORKSHOP
$15 inc. materials ($5 deposit)
ltd. enrolment for each session
March 26, 27 April 2,16,17
Registration Details 228-0621
(Gray tt Assocs.l or 228-455!
85 - Typing
fessional typing. Phone Lisa, 873-283 or
732-9902 and request our student rate.
TYPING - Special Student Rates. Fitness
&■ Cameron Public Stenographers, 5670
Yew Street, Phone 226-6814.
Equation typing available. Pickup and
delivery. Phone Jeeva, 826-5169 (Mission).
EXPERT TYPING: essays, term papers
factums, letters manuscripts, resumes,
theses. IBM Selectric II. Reasonable rates.
Rose 731-9857.
TYPING: $1 per page. Legible copy. Fast,
accurate, experienced typist with IBM
Selectric. Gordon, 873-8032 (after 10 a.m.)
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also available.
IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
Near campus - 266-5053
Pis. book your tentative typing dates as early as possible so I can give you priority
handling in upcoming rush season. Thanks.
Iona Brown, 985-4929.
WORD PROCESSING. We prepare research
papers, term papers, theses, etc. Other
languages available. $1.50 per page. Call
Ellen at 734-7313 or 271-6924.
90 — Wanted
99 — Miscellaneous
Pacific cruise. Leave August '82. Phone
Don Loggie, 261-4900.
Join the 4-H-O Fellowship and
learn about the Retread Retreat
and the Stream of Traffic Consciousness! Your membership
includes poster, button,
membership card and letter from
the Guru!
Only $4.95
Send cheque or money order to:
Suite 136—810 W. Broadway
Dept. U. Vancouver, B.C.
V5Z 1J8 Friday, March 19, 1982
Page 15
Athletes honored
The only person who was not
given an award or recognized at the
women's athletic banquet Tuesday
night was the woman who ran the
wine bar. It must have been an accidental oversight.
Almost 300 people were on hand
at the faculty club for the annual
"I'm great, you're great" celebration and the way the athletic department organized things it seemed like
everyone was singled out.
That the athletes were praised for
their efforts this year is great but
the banquet was incredibly boring
when everyone of them walked up
to the front to receive a small block,
big block, pin or whatever.
"And let's have a hand for the
people who did our typing for us
this year."
One super highlight was the tennis team singing a little song about
being chopped due to cutbacks.
Later the tennis coach made a plea
for everyone to come out and watch
her team play this weekend. It is
hoped they play better than they
There were three major awards
and the swimming and diving team
swept all three. Rhonda
Thomasson, a first year swimmer,
was named the athlete of the year,
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swimming and diving the team of
the year, and swimming and
diving's manager Irene Jarosinki
took the Kay Brearley Award for
service to women's athletics.
Jarosinki, this year's women's
athletics president, has also been a
member of the women's athletic
committee for the past two years,
and the swimming and diving team
manager for four years.
This awards sweep is a rellection
of the coaching of Jack Ke so, his
assistant Ken Radford and Don
Lieberman, the diving coach.
Thomasson was a standout at the
recent Canadian championships
where she won the 50, 100, End 200
metre freestyle events. Thomasson
also had another win and a second
for her part in two relay races.
In the dual meets during the
season Thomasson was undefeated
in the individual races she entered.
The swimming and diving tearr
was awarded the team of the year
honors for winning five and placing
second in its pre-conference meets.
At the Western championships in
February the team finished first and
at the national championships it
placed second among the 12 teams
The chauffeur was late, the valet
hadn't pressed my suit and friends
were still waiting for me on Skid
Road. Having survived last week
and Belushi's death. I was ready to
rebuild my life.
Culture is life, said one of my
philosopher teachers (either that,
or I saw it on a Rod Steward
poster.) And culture is entertainment (and vice versa). What else
was there to do but look at VISTA
The best known entertainment
guide was of CITR radio station?
Sure enough, the Literary
storefront at 314 Cordova Street
was holding an open reading, at a
cost of $2 donation fee or pay what
you can. It started at 1 p.m. on
March 21, and damned if I wasn't
going to read Popular Needlework
at the session.
But that was on Monday. There
was lots to do on the weekend. The
Ridge was opening The Woman
Next Door, from Francois Truffaut. Blind film critics loved it,
perceptive ones realized Truffat had
nothing new to say and is still terribly preoccupied with obsession
and women. Still, a Truffaut film is
a Truffaut film, is a hack movie.
Opening at 7:30 p.m.
To Apply for
Check your mai boxes or pick up and application
from the
Applications must be returned by
MARCH 26, 1982.
•All AMS Clubs eligible.
SUNDAY, MARCH 21st, 8:30 p.m.
Sponsored by
Christian Fellowship
No Admission Charge
— Produces a Student Handbook to be
given out at Registration.
— Responsible for Copy, Layout, Securing of Articles, Proof-Reading,
— Produces a UBC Events Calendar
Both Positions Are Paid
Applications Available SUB 238
There was always the Vancouver
East. And they were showing The
Wizard of Oz and Singing in the
Rain over the weekend, with admission still at $3.50. Kelly over Truffaut, there was no debate, and I
trotted off to the cinema on a
number 25 Victoria Bus.
But what was this? Equus? Still
whining away after two weeks and
ending Saturday, March 20? Was
there hope? Could I still catch the
Ronald Reagan story? Could I
satisfy my personal, obsession with
equines and equals? Equus continues at Langara's Studio 58.
More than 20,000 people can be
wrong, although Last Call is still
playing at City Stage, 735 Thurlow
Street. Written by Morris Panych
and Ken McDonald — both ex
UBC types — Last Call was still
drawing them in.
Spring Performance
March 20,1962
8:00 p.m.
Asian Centre Auditorium
Vancouver's No. 1 Poster Shop
We have the Largest Selection
& Lowest Price in Town
942 Granville Mall
Opposite Downtown Theatre
Banquet and Dance
Friday, March 19
All participants, referees, unit managers and
friends are invited. This is a special night
where participants, administrtors, referees
and unity managers are recognized for their
contribution to the program It's your night!
A social begins
the evening at
5:00 p.m. with
dinner and
dance to follow.
Tickets: $15.00
Available in
Room 203, WMG
are still being accepted for election of
to the following Presidential Advisory Committees:
Concerns of the Handicapped
1 Representative
Food Services Advisory
1 Representative
Men's Athletic
1 Representative
United Way Campaign
1 Representative
Youth Employment Program
1 Representative
Application forms are available from the
Executive Secretary's Office, SUB Room 238
Nominations close on Wednesday, March 24, 1982. Applicants should attend the Students' Council meeting on
March 24, 1982 in SUB Room 206 at 6:30 p.m. Page 16
Friday, March 19, 1982
Trade up and improve your present sound system with these quality stereo components
An economical cassette deck that offers remarkable sound
reproduction performance. A highly stable tape transport
system ensures perfect tape speed at all times. Features include: Dolby NR, LED meters and switchtable bias/EQ.
A combination of technology and musical sensitivity, the R700
features a spatial expander control to let you spread the sound
field beyond the limits set by speaker location. Features: 50W
per channel, REC out, 5 AM/5 PM preset tuning.
Now you can have the serious alternative to the many cassette
decks available today. For the uncompromising music lover, the
X3 open reel recorder offers full logic controls, line/mic mixing,
record mute and 2 position bias/EQ selectors for maximum flexibility and ease of use.
offla ooo •••
The V9 is for the stereo buyer who is interested in innovative
engineering and dramatic styling as well as superior performance and sound. This cassette deck features soft, smooth
and silent operation, colour-coded incadescent lamp meters,
metal tape capability, Dolby NR and timer control.
Get highest fidelity
with lowest background noise. UDXL II
is perfect for use on
your deck's high
bias/EQ settings and
meets the toughest
musical demand.
Case of 12


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