UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 22, 1991

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Array the Ubyssey
returns p.5
Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, January 22, 1991
Vol 73, No 30
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^ Classifieds 228-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines 60 cents, commercial -3 lines, $5.00, additional lines
75 cents. (10% Discount on 25 issues or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 4.-00p.m., two days
before publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A7, 228-3977.
SERVICE PLAYING competition sponsored by the Royal Canadian College of organists, Sun. Feb. 10 at 1:30pm. Central
Presbyterian Church Adjudicator: Barbara
Hallam-Price. Deadline for applications -
Feb. 1. Further information: phone Edith
at the Asian Center,
Music Room
Wednesdays 5:30-7:30pm
Jan 23, onwards
10 weeks $50
BLACK LEATHER Biker jacket size mens
generous large $175 Call 434-3447.
CHEAP FURNITURE1 Not perfect but the
price is right. Sofa/bed. Lg. chair, apt. sz.
washer. You haul it away. Phone Randy
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday s paper is Friday at
Note: "Noon" = 12:30pm.
World University Services of
Canada. General Meeting. Noon.
International House/upper or
lower lounge.
Jewish Students Assoc ./Hillel.
Famous Hot Lunch. Noon. Hillel
Pacific Rim Club. A Talk by Ian
Slater from "Pacific Affairs Magazine" 4:30 pm. Asian Centre 604.
Saint Mark's College. An Inter-
faith Symposium: "The Medieval
Encounter" Speaker Richard
Menkis of Religious Studies Dept.
7:30 pm. Saint Mark's College.
History Students Assoc, Special
Lecture - American Counter culture of the GO's & 70's. Noon.
Buchanan A205.
Student Christian Movement.
Dinner Bible Study Discussion.
This group welcomes all students
& includes both Lutheran and
United Church Student groups. 5-
7pm. Lutheran Campus Centre.
Jewish Students' Assoc/Hillel.
Torah Study w/Rabbi I. Balg. Noon.
Hillel House.
ROOMMATE NEEDED to share fab Kite
apt. 1st and Arbutus. Fully furnished, near
beach, friendly roomie. $420/mo. + some
utilities. Call Andrew at 738-3271.
TO SHARE 2 bdrm house. 5 mins. to UBC
on bus line. $500/mth. & utils. Contact 264-
TO SHARE 2 bdrm main floor house. 5
mins. to UBC. Close to bus line. $500/mth
& utils. Contact 737-4869
PROFESSIONAL. TYPIST, 30 years exp.,
word processing/typing. Student rates. Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
30 - JOBS
Need the professional touch?... have it done
for you - you can even book ahead. $27/hr.,
6-8 double spaced pages of normal text per
hour, laser printer. SUB lower level, across
from Tortellini's Restaurant: 228-5640.
PART TIME child care for 9-month old.
Non-smoker Mon, Wed, Fri Flexible hours
3rd & Dunbar. Call 737-9027.	
WANTED - person needed to drive stud,
trans, car at 3:00pm from campus & pick up
children from school. 5 days/week, approx 1
hour per day. Call Eve 228-8101 or 224-
35 - LOST
LOST DAY-BOOK cover Sedgewick Xmas
gift from my son & practical value too reward call Laurie 688-5877.
GOLD EARRING with pink stone between
Brock Hall & SUB, Mon. Jan. 14. Reward.
Call Concetta 228-6213.
Grays and Lesbians of UBC. Discussion Group. "Bisexuality- doubling your chances on Saturday
night?" 5pm. SUB 215.
SIKH Students' Assoc. Second
Annual Social Night (Airbands and
Skits!!) 7:00-8:00pm Entry (No
later). SUB Ballroom.
School of Music. Wed. Noon-hour
Series. Fraser Macpherson, Saxophone & Oliver Gannon, Guitar.
Noon. Admission: $2. Recital Hall,
Music Biding.
Science Undergraduate Society.
TrikeRace. Proceeds to Children's
Hospital. Noon-2:30 pm. SUB plaza.
Pre-Dental-Club. Gen. Meeting.
Guest Speaker: Dr. Virginia
Diewert plus, tour ofthe Faculty of
Dentistry. Topic: Orthodontics.
Noon-Guest Speaker. 1:30-Tour
of Dentistry. Woodward 2 (IRC).
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. Student led Thursday noon
meetings. Reports from UrbanacV
NSLC-goers. Noon. Woodward 4.
Students of Objectivism, Audio
taped lecture: "The Truth about
Animal Cognition."Noon. Scarfe 1004
UBpBadmihton Club. Due toVSB
priority, badminton nites are cancelled Jan. 18, 24, 31. Lord Byng.
UBC Dykes Unlimited. Lesbian
discussion group. Topic Lesbians
and Safe Sex. Noon.
Jewish Students' Assoc. Hebrew
Classes. Beginners- Noon, advanced conversation 1:30. Hillel.
HIGHLY EXP. typist willing todoresumes,
manuscripts, essays and term papers. Rate
$2.257pg. Ph. Donna 261-3534.
RESUME typed - while you wait or same
day. UBC location. Also papers/essays typed.
Editing extra. 224-2310.
TYPING QUICK right by UBC all kinds
experienced $1.50/pg Db. Sp. call Rob 228-
8989. Anytime.
Fast, accurate, reliable. Also featuring customer operated 8P (WP & MS Word on PC).
JUDITH FILTNESS, superior typist, APA
spec. 3206 West 38th Ave. 263-0351.
WAR, war is stupid. Let's get up off our
knees and do some thing. Stop watching CNN!
Jewish Students' Assoc/Hillel.
Faculty/Staff Lunch. Noon. Hillel
International Socialists Club.
Meeting: Intifada, the Palestinian
Uprising. 7:30 pm. SUB 211.
UBC Life Drawing Club. All artists welcome to develop their life
drawing skills in a relaxed atmosphere. Noon-2:20. Laserre 204.
School of Music. Distinguished
Artists Series. James Campbell,
Clarinet; Eric Wilson, Violoncello,
Jane Coop, Piano. 7:15 Prelude
Lecture. 8:00 Concert. Adults/$12,
Students & Seniors/$7. Recital
Hall, Music Building.
School of Music. UBC Symphonic
Wind Ensemble. Martin
Berinbaum, director. Noon. Free.
Old Auditorium.
Students of Objectivism. Discussion of Ayn Rand's essay "Philosophy: Who Needs It?" Copies
available. Phone Keith at 261-
0394. Noon. Scarfe 207.
UBC Chess Club. Drop-In Chess.
il:30-2:30pm. SUB 213, 215
Science Undergraduate Society.
Last Dance on Earth, featuring
Wallstreet, tickets $5 at SUB Tix
office &Chem 160. 8:00pm SUB
Peace Rally native land rights
Shocked? Horrified?
This war was not needed!
This is not Canada's war!
Bring your feet, your anger, your
placards and your friends to the
Vancouver Art Gallery
1:00 pm, Sat. the 26th
Sponsored by the Mid-East Peace
Action, and End the Arms Race.
Saul Terry
(President, Union of B.C.
Indian Chiefs)
"Land Issues: Aboriginal
Title and Rights"
Tuesday, Jan. 22
12:15-1:15 pm
Garden Room,
Graduate Student Centre.
consider shared
for professional
musicians, jugglers,
trapeze artisits &
other rare individuals
the Graduate
Student Society
is sponsoring an
Fhursday, January 31* 8pm
Fireside, Grad Centre
Call 228-3203 for details
All Welcome!
iHiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiimTT
The University of British Columbia
The Ghost Sonata
by August Strindberg
depicts the poison underneath
the facade of goodness
January 22-26   8 PM
SPECIAL 2 FOR 1 PREVIEW   Tuesday, Jan. 26
"Saturday Matinee, Jan. 26 - 2 pm"
Res. 228-2678
who is TRAVELCU15
Canada's National Student Travel Bureau
Why are they special?
They are owned by students and profits are
reinvested into services for students.
What do they sell?
A whole world of student travel.
Where do you find them?
Student Union Building •  228-6890
Weekend Test
CALL: 222-8272
Educational Centers
Hong Kong
Chinese Foods
(Just one block from campus in the village)
pfa MSG Free f£
f^- Licensed jta£
I 10% off on pick up      2^
W^ order on $15.00 or more /Jv
jg 224-1313 m
January 22,1991 NIWS
GSS recommendations
on tuition disregarded
An anti-war protestor bums the flag of the United Nations at
Vancouver's peace flame over the weekend. The flame was later
extinguished by the protestors.
Tax credits stiff students
by Karen Hill
refund cheques are acting as a
lubricant for the new federal tax,
students are still getting screwed.
Every adult is entitled to an
annual credit of $190, and a $100
supplementary credit is available
to single adults maintaining their
own household. A person must
have a net income of at least $6,169
to be eligible for the second credit,
which doesn'treachits $100 value
until net income hits $11,169.
In order to claim the entire
supplementary credit, a person's
net income must be between
$11,169 and $24,800.
Caryn Duncan, researcher for
the Canadian Federation of
Students, said that proviso effectively excludes most students from
claiming a refund.
"It discriminates against
people who live on a very low fixed
income, and that includes students," she said. "We think that's
a weakness in the system."
According to CFS's brief to a
federal senate committee, only 22
per cent of post-secondary students make more than $10,000
annually. As a result, the majority of Canadian students are ineligible to claim the full supplementary credit.
That was deliberate, said
Cheryl Boon, advocacy researcher
for the National Anti-Poverty Organization.
"It was intended to exclude
students," she said. "We tried to
explain (to the government) that
not all students are supported by
middle-income families."
But according to the government, students making less than
$6,000 are being supported by
their parents, and don't need the
"Most students under that
level wouldn't be supporting
themselves," said Rick Doyon, a
senior communications officer for
the Ministry of Finance.
"(The government) believes
that most students under that
level would be supported by their
CFS studies have shown that
about half of all Canadian
full-time undergraduate students
depend on government loans to
finance their education.
"Credits are structured to
discriminate against particular
groups and students happen to be
one of them," said Duncan. "(The
government) very narrowly defined the groups that they want to
receive the credits."
And Barry George, an analyst
with the Canadian Council on Social Development, said that definition excludes the poor.
"The credit is not sufficient,"
he said.
"These kinds of taxes tend to
be quite regressive," he said.
"People with lower incomes pay a
greater proportion of their earnings in tax."
"The government does not
want to build in protection for
poorer people," he added. "What's
happened with the Mulroney regime is that they're cutting away
at everything that leads to
Students are now paying GST
on previously untaxed items such
as books and magazines, utilities,
take-out food, and single portion
By Michael Booth
The proposed tuition hikes
over the next three years put too
much emphasis on students as a
source of revenue said members
of the Graduate Student Society,
who plan to confront the Board of
Governors on the issue.
John Berges, the external affairs co-ordinator for the GSS, said
the university has ignored the
contents of a tuition fee statement
drafted by the GSS last year.
"We are going to tell the university that we have given them
this position statement and their
new policy does not conform to it
and, as a result, we are opposing
the new hikes," Berges said.
The Society's position involves two key points, according
to Rob Clift, resource co-ordinator
for the GSS.
"First of all, student fees
should not comprise more than 10
per cent ofthe operating budget,"
Clift said.
He added that in 1989-90,
tuition fees accounted for around
15 per cent of UBC's operating
"Secondly, it is our position
thatfutureincreases, if necessary,
should not be greater than the
rate of inflation," Clift said.
The proposed increases were
originally scheduled to last for ten
years. The BoG, however, made
two notable changes: the increases
must be limited to three years and
are held to a maximum of 10 per
cent per year.
Despite the changes, Berges
remains pessimistic the BoG will
be receptive to the GSS's proposal.
"Never in UBC's history has
the Board failed to side with the
president on an issue that has
been passed through the Senate,"
Berges said. He does, however,
see some positive signs.
"The one thing it's nice to see
is that some attention,is being
paid to a long term plan for tuition," he said. "In the past it has
been on a year to year basis and
now they are looking at it over a
period of time.
"We don't agree with the increases they are proposing but we
support the idea of a plan for tuition increases."
WUSC recovering after
bankruptcy declaration
by Sharon Lindores
One of Canada's oldest overseas aid organizations may be
heading back onto solid ground
after running into financial difficulty near the end of last year.
Despite having declared
bankruptcy, World University
Services of Canada (WUSC) is still
a going concern and its members
are optimistic about the
organization's future.
"The board still exists, WUSC
is still a viable entity," member of
the national board of directors
Carole Trepanier said.
"Fundraising is to be held in February, and March should help."
WUSC has had problems balancing its books since moving into
new headquarters before selling
their old building. After the Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA) refused to advance
them funds, WUSC declared
bankruptcy in late November.
In explaining the reasons for
the pullout, CIDA vice-president
Douglin Dorif said at a December
briefing that approximately $1.3
million advanced to WUSC for
project costs had been used for
purposes other than outstanding
program obligations. WUSC has
since gone into receivership.
The national committee orga
nizes volunteer aid programs and
places foreign refugee students in
Canadian universities, who are
funded at the local level.
However, even if the national
committee is in financial turmoil,
the UBC chapter of WUSC would
continue, long-time member professor John Conway said.
"The local committee is alive
and well," Conway said. "Financial difficulties at the head office
have no effect locally."
Refugee graudate students at
UBC are paid for by a 50 cent
student levy in AMS fees and a
faculty association contribution. If
this week's referendum toincrease
AMS student fees passes, WUSC
will receive an additional 2.5 cents
per student according to AMS director of finance John Lipscomb.
According to a statement from
the WUSC board of directors the
organizations is hoping "that the
present turbulence can be settle
during the next half year, and that
WUSC shall emerge from its
present circumstances a stronger,
more dynamic organization.
WUSC continue to be seen as an
organization which is broadly
based in the student and academic
In the elections supplement in the January 18th issue of The Ubyssey, several errors were
For the senate at-large positions, the interviews for Dean Leung and Hugh Leung were
inadvertently reversed. The Ubyssey apologizes to Dean and Hugh for any inconvenience.
Hagan Ainsworth and Rob Emmerson submitted both photos and position statements but
they somehow vanished into the seething quagmire of paper that is The Ubyssey office.
Lisa Drummond submitted a photo and had another one taken by us. We are still searching
for the former and the latter disappeared when a roll of film was accidentally exposed.
The Ubyssey wishes to apologize to these three candidates and to assure them that it was
not a political statement that their material vanished into the mists of time. It was merely an
unfortunate example ofthe everyday chaos that pervades The Ubyssey office.
January 22,1991
Reusing beats recycling,
better environmentally
by Fiona Jackson
During the last three years,
there has been an attempt by B.C.
beverage packers and food retailers to change the B.C. Deposit
The law—part of the B.C. Litter Act, first implemented in
1970—presently requires manufacturers to charge a deposit on
beverage containers to be refunded
when returned as well as making
the bottlers responsible for refilling the containers.
The bottlers want to replace
the current system with a onetime donation of $5 million to the
blue-box recycling campaign. This
would relieve them of some of their
current duties and allow them to
reduce prices. The companies believe that bottles and cans would
be returned to the blue boxes and
be recycled.
The Save the Deposit Law
organization, however, hopes not
only to stop the destruction ofthe
present law, but to have it expanded. They point out that under the present system, bottles
are re-used—washed and refilled—by the manufacturers, a
process which is more economically and environmentally sound
than the new proposal.
The present system also keeps
responsibility with the industries
involved. This will make the bottlers more concerned about making the system cost-effective and,
in turn, environmentally effective.
Pop cans and bottles are now
returned not only from an environmental incentive, but a monetary one as well. Between 80 and
90 per cent of bottles and containers are presently returned for refund.
Robin Round, informationco-
ordin ator ofthe Student Environmental Centre, underlined the
need for awareness ofthe significant difference in reusing con-
company, the base toengiite£r:i
financial coup in Canada'savtal
Canadian Pacific Air Lines Ltd.,
many times the size of Pacific
When W&rdair was added
separate subsidiary companies,
holdings in five regional airline'operations, Rhys
Eyton gained stewardship of over forty-eight percent
institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
1133 Melville Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6E 4E5
Telephone: (604) 681-3264 Toll-free 1 -800-663-2677
Rhys Eytonfc CA
helped him engineer
his Canadian dream.
tainers as opposed to just recycling them into a new form. During Environment Awareness
Week at UBC, the SEC has collected more than 350 signatures
to send to the provincial Minister
ofthe Environment.
Round stressed the need for
letter-writing to politicians because a letter is taken more seriously than a petition. Round said
that in political circles, a signature on a letter is considered to
represent the equivalent of 70 silent concerned constitutents.
A spokesperson for the Environmentally Safe Packaging Coalition said the issue went to cabinet the week of January 7th but
no announcement has been made.
A decision is expected some time
in the next month. This action
follows the completion of the
Schaeffer Report which concluded
in favour of maintaining the
present law and including containers into the deposit lav/.
A decision is expected some time
in the next month. This action
follows the completion of the
Schaeffer Report which concluded
in favour of maintaining the
present law and including containers into the deposit law.
Heard complaints about having to
go off campus for cigarettes? The
AMS Is not selling tobacco for one
week In conjunction with non-smoking
Development Days •
presented by the *
Global •
^Development Centre!
January 28
February 1
SUB concourse
For information from     *
CUSO, Oxfam, United    •
Nations Association,     *
UNICEF, and many more •
January 22,1991 NEWS"
Slates resolve election poster row
by Martin Chester
The Progressive slate has
claimed harassment from the
Student Administrative Committee after their posters were deemed
unfit to be posted at the polling
stations for the current AMS elections.
The controversy started on
Sunday night when elections
commissioner Sue Anne Mitchell
decided the posters submitted by
the Progressives could not be accepted because they contained not
only the name of the candidate,
but also those of the rest of the
By Monday night Mitchell had
decided to reverse the decision after the Progressive slate dropped
its complaint against SAC.
Mitchell explained that under
section 4 ofthe AMS Code and By-
Laws, a candidate is allowed to
have his or her name appear on
one poster within five meters of
the polling booth.
"The reason you're only allowed to have one poster around
the polling station is that you have
your name up only once," Mitchell
said. "I feel they made these up
purposely because all the names
are up there."
Progressive slate campaign
manager Mark Keister said, "I
think we're being harassed by
SAC." He said it was odd that they
did notfindout their posters would
not be allowed until late Sunday
night when they would not be able
to print new ones.
"We submitted our expenses,
we submitted our budget, we've
used all our money, we are not in a
position to print new posters," he
Keister added thatinany AMS
election, the impartiality of the
election commissioner could be
"Certain candidates are on
SAC and SAC is supposed to be
implementing the elections," he
said. "I just think there is too much
Mitchell disagreed, and said
"the truth is that when the Unity
group saw the posters they had no
problems at all. There is not one
person on SAC who has said anything."
AMS ombudsperson Carol
Forsythe said, "(Mitchell) is ignoring her own ruling but, if she
followed it from day one, then she'd
be unfair to one group."
Forsythe said she agreed with
Mitchell's interpretation ofthe bylaw and said that Student Court
would also likely agree, should the
Progressives take the issue that
"I think the election commissioners decision would be upheld
because s?ie has followed the literal
wording," she said.
The Progressive's lawyer,
Connie Munroe, disagrees with
Forsythe's analysis. "She's saying
the reference to the slate as constituting each individual. She is mis-
Anti-war protestors voice their anger over Canadian involvement in the
Gulf War at Saturday's protest march and flag burning.
Students support troops
by Robin Muehlebach
Vancouver's first rally in
favour of UN involvement in the
Persian Gulf was held Monday
morning on the southern approach
to the Burrard Bridge.
"Free Kuwait," "Collective
Security Works," and "Support
The UN" were just some of the
slogans written across banners
flashed at the commuters on the
way to work.
Spokesperson Jamie
McKeough said "the purpose of
the rally was to show support for a
Canadian role in the Gulf war."
Rally organizer Colin
MetCalfe described the action as a
"burma shave," calling on people
toshowtheir supportfor the troops
in the Persian Gulf by honking
their horns.
"The group wants people to
know that the silent majority of
Canadians support what the
Mulroneyadministrationis doing,"
Metcalfe said. McKleough added
that "just because they (the antiwar movement) beat their drums
the loudest, doesn't mean that they
are in the majority."
However, John Mates, coordinator of Greenpeace's disarmament campaign, finds this claim
"ridiculous." "According to a Gallop poll taken just prior to the war,
56% of Canadians were opposed to
armed insurrection while 37%
supported an invasion," Mates
Protesters at the rally had
strong feelings towards the issue.
George Higgins, a Langara College
student, said "it is our duty to
support the troops. If one is not
supportive in that respect, one is
not a true Canadian."
Mates said he supports the
troops, but in a different way. "I
support our troops in Saudi-Arabia,
and that's why I want them to
come home rather than sacrificing
their lives for Brian Mulroney's
and George Bush's political careers," he said.
Some protesters showed concern about the possible re-institution of the former monarchy
should the Iraqis be driven out of
Kuwait. UBC student John Will
said "I definitely support democracy, however, the Kuwaiti monarchy was a benevolent one and
hence should be involved in the
drafting up of a new government."
UBC Microbiology student
Jason Zurba said he came to the
rally as an individual rather than
a follower of a specific political
"People should be supporting
our troops, no matter if the war
itself is good or bad," Zurba said.
"People tend to forget that Kuwait
was maliciously invaded and (Iraq)
has initiated missile attacks
against civilian targets in Israel."
Asked about what he thinks of
the pro-war rally, Mates said: "The
protesters don't seem to have a full
understanding of the horrors of
war. There are presently over a
thousand nuclear warheads deployed in the Gulf, and the Iraqi
threat of putting the oil fields on
fire poses a great danger to the
global environment."
Pro-war demonstrator Alex
Doll, a fourth year UBC engineering student, said "the UN's role is
in effect to put a mechanism in
place so as to keep third world
countriesfrom fighting each other.
become necessary and would be
perfectly willing to fight myself."
As for the success ofthe rally,
the protesters seemed satisfied.
Although the occasional finger was
given, many people honked their
approval, including a Volkswagen
van with a peace sign dangling
from the rear view mirror.
interpreting the intent ofthe regulation," which is to stop one candidate from putting up too many
Munroe also said the Progressive group had concerns about the
impartiality of Mitchell.
"The concern was that the
commissioner may have exhibited
some bias against the Progressive
group," she said, pointing out the
two day delay before the decision
was made at the last minute.
Munroe also said the group was
considering an injunction, but after the decision to allow the posters to stay up, the court action was
Mitchell said, "The issue was
if I had acted out of good faith or
not and whether SAC is a political
body and I was being pressured."
She said the delay in making
the decision came late because she
saw no reason to check the posters
earlier since she did not expect any
Keister said this is the prob-,
"It just goes to show you what
a confused mess the elections
committee is in...that they told us
at the last minute.
"In my opinion, the elections
commissioner has not done her job
and is an inept person," he said.
At press time, the Progressive
group were to be allowed to use the
posters in question. Forsythe said
this could easily put the whole
election in jeopardy because now,
any candidate can make a complaint and have the whole process
UBC student fails to
reach trials in China
by Huang Chen Chung
After failing to reach the trials
of Tiananmen Square dissidents
over the weekend, a dejected Mao
JiYe returned to UBC on Monday
to start classes.
"Accordingto Chineselaw, the
trials must be open. I am a Chinese
citizen—I have a right to observe
the trials," said Mao in an interview
late Monday.
His plane arrived in Beijing
on Saturday afternoon. However,
an hour later he left on the same
The UBC Commerce graduate
student said police intercepted him
before he reached customs at
Beijing airport and used his parents as pawns to prevent him from
proceeding on his journey.
"They knew I would not argue
against them with my parents
there," said Mao, who is also secretary-general ofthe Federation of
Chinese Students and Scholars in
Canada. "I was concerned about
their safety."
Mao said he was supposed to
meet a group of journalists awaiting him at the airport, but instead
was confronted by at least twelve
police officers.
Mao di d not inform hi s parents
of the trip, but said Chinese officials
knew of his arrival through the
Chinese consulate in Vancouver.
"My parents' presence surprised me. They said 'tell us what
your real purpose is here, tell us
the truth.'
"They told me,'Go back to
Canada and don't join any organization—it does not help your
studies," Mao said.
Off icials in Beijing were aware
of his vocal criticism of their government.
"They (government officials)
knew I was in a determined mood
because there are certain risks in
going back to Beijing. I might not
return to Canada again," he said.
After the brief encounter with
his parents, police then escorted
Mao onto a plane which flew him
to Japan.
But Mao said the attitudes of
Beijing police have changed dramatically since the massacre.
"They could've thrown me in
jail after declaring I had "anti-
government'purposes and they 'did
not harass my family. My parents
are government employees," he
Mao JiYe
His father, an engineer, went
to Japan as planned for a business
trip after Mao left Beijing.
In Vancouver, UBC students
from the 400-member Great Wall
Club, a chapter ofthe FCSSC, will
continue demonstrating in front of
the Chinese Consulate on Granville
Street every Sunday at 2 p.m., Mao
"Many of the students feel
exiled in a foreign country," he
said, adding that he has no relatives in North America. His encounter with his parents was his
first in three years.
The Great Wall Club, which
helped sponsor his trip, is one of 25
university chapters ofthe FCSSC
with over 8000 members in
January 22,1991
European commission visits Kahnawake
by Ardith Walkem
and Katerina Cizek
MONTREAL (CUP)—For the first
time, Europeans came to Turtle
Island to listen this week—and
First Nations told them they have
a lot of catching up to do.
Four members of the European Parliament's fact-finding
commission arrived in Turtle Island ("North America") on January 13 to investigate First Nations/Canadian relations. The
delegates spent two days at
Kahnawake, where they heard
testimony from over 10 First Nations. Most media have reported
the delegation's greetings, but
ignored the First Nations' messages to the Europeans.
The delegates were invited by
the Assembly of First Nations,
Ottawa and Quebec in the hope of
"gaining another perspective from
a body that has no vested interest," said Ken Deer, a Kahnawake
The European Parliament
formed the commission last fall in
response to the crisis at Oka,
which raised "a lot of interest in
Europe in how Canada copes with
its native questions," according to
Gijs de Vries, head of the delegation.
Kahnawake representative
Francis Boots quickly corrected
him: "It's the other way around. It
is the First Nations who have had
to cope with the invasion of European descendants."
Elijah Harper, an Ojibwa
Cree, emphasized that First Na
tions present conditions have
roots in the initial contact with
the European ancestors of today's
Canadians. So the European
Community has an obligation to
see the impact that their descendants have had.
The delegation is spending
the rest of the week in Quebec
City and Ottawa where they will
hear provincial and federal government perspectives.
Hours of testimony from
various First Nations disclosed a
wide spectrum of issues the international community should address.
Mohawk testimonies fo-
cussed on the importance of recognizing nationhood.
Boots, ofthe Mohawk Nation
Office, said, "We cannot allow our
land and its peoples to be colonized and legislated out of existence. We have to continue to defend our right to self-determination, our right to life." He condemned continual attempts by
Canada and the U.S. to undermine
Mohawk nation-building efforts.
Joe Norton, Grand Chief of
Kahnawake, emphasized that
Mohawk people "are faced with a
style of politics that is not conducive to peace. It is confrontational
from beginning to end." He fo-
cussed on the Mohawk struggle to
"get rid of a system imposed on our
community and put a traditional
one in place."
Norma de la Ronde, a clan
mother ofthe Turtle Clan told the
delegates about the role of women
in traditional Mohawk society. She
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highlighted Mohawk women's
roles as "the givers of life and the
caretakers of spirituality, culture
and the Iroquois Great Law."
"Warriors were seen at the
forefront in the summer, but they
were only carrying out responsibilities the women have taken,"
de la Ronde said.
Further testimonies challenged Canadians' claims that
First Nations are parasites on the
Canadian economy.
"The millions of dollars
Canada says it is giving to us are
not coming to Indians," said Boots.
"It's going to their own people to
implement their oppressive
policies....Of every dollar, we are
lucky if only 13 cents actually
reaches our communities."
Dale Dionne, coordinator of
the Nation Office, elaborated on
the Canadian government's attacks on the Mohawk economy.
She reminded the audience that
the building in which the hearings
were held once housed the disputed Bingo project.
"The project provided a fund
to support functions within our
community," before the Canadian
and provincial governments effectively shut down operations
through harassment and arrests,
she said.
The hall now holds a flea
market, but she noted that it's
difficult to attract customers when
the Surete du Quebec monitors
the highways and fines people for
having "snow on their license
Other First Nations came to
the hearings with a broad range of
concerns in need of attention.
Chris Ried, a representative
ofthe Ontario Metis and
Aboriginal Association, was "interested in setting up business
contacts for Native Cooperatives
within the European Community—particularly for the fur industry."
He was optimistic about reviving the fur market in Europe,
which has taken severe blows from
the anti-fur movement in recent
years. He suggested that "we need
to take the same strategies as the
anti-fur movement—like
pamphleting in front of stores."
He stressed the need for the
public to realize that "when you
hurt the fur industry, you hurt
First Nations."
Ruby Arngna'naaq, an Inuk
from Baker Lake, N.W.T., also
criticized "conservationism that
does not balance with nature."
"You cannot tame wildlife," she
Arngna'aaq also came to the
hearings to remind delegates that
the high rates of cancer in her
nation are due to acid rain fallout
from Europe. "If they can ban sealskins, they can ban cars," she suggested.
Ried said he "didn't expect
much political leverage out ofthe
hearings." The European Parliament has made no concrete commitment to follow up on the
Commission's findings, and De
Vries has been cautious to tip-toe
a diplomatic line.
But as Boots put it, "we have
been crying, yelling, raising our
fists, hoping that someone will
take notice. We need dialogue."
And perhaps international attention will turn into the dialogue
that the Canadian government
has refused to begin for over 400
January 22,4991 NEWS/THE ARTS
UBC pUtS profit OVOr Ghost opens at the Somerset
environment concerns
by Graham Cameron
UBC administration is placing its pocketbook ahead of the
environmental needs of the campus, according to Max Collett, a
Student Environment Centre
"The key problem is that the
UBC administration continues to
put into the process a recycling
programme based on a "cost-recoverable' basis,'" Collett said.
"His (UBC president David
Strangway's) mind is purely economic. He thinks we've been successful because we're recycling
paper which is cost-recoverable.
It's fantastic for him because it's
neutral in his budget,"
Last November SEC prepared
a survey under the guidance of
sociology professor Neil Guppy that
asked students how they felt about
recycling and the environment at
Mary-Jean Donnell from SEC
said, "The response has been
overwhelmingly positive. I would
estimate that 90 percent were in
favour of recycling and in the protection of the environment in
All that is lacking is leadership and commitment by the administration at UBC, Collett said.
Including students, faculty
and staff, the UBC campus forms a
community of more than 40,000
people. It produces about 5,000
tons of garbage a year and, according to SEC, requires a much
more comprehensive recycling
Tanya Storr, also from SEC,
said "The UBC administration has
put out $200,000. That's not
enough. It's only pennies. This is a
multi-million dollar problem."
Brenda Jagroop, UBC Waste
Management coordinator, said she
disagrees that not enough is being
"I'm aware that SEC feels that
way. I'm very concerned that we
develop a programme that is re
sponsive to everybody's concerns,"
Jagroop said.
"The UBC administration
feels that they are taki ng an initiative here, and SEC's input is
Jagroop said the UBC administration is currently orienting its
environmental efforts toward a
cost-recoverable programme for
the recycling of office paper.
"Paper is estimated to be 65
per cent of UBC's waste by volume,"
she said. At present LBC recycles
40 to 50 per cent of its paper waste.
Jagroop added that this is only
the first step of a three phase "green
plan" to be initiated by the university over the next three years.
The subsequent phase will include
"multi-materials" such as cans,
bottles, plastics and finally
"Recycling alone will never be
enough and should not be encouraged as the only solution," she said.
"Rethinking is the ultimate
Recycled paper on campus
by Mark Nielsen
Recycled notebook paper is
available—but what you see might
not necessarily be what you get.
According to Laurie Tornbom,
a UBC graduate student working
to expand the use of recycled paper
on campus, some kinds are better
for the environment than others,
and not all brands indicate their
Tornbom wants manufacturer s to recycle more "post-consumer"
waste—paper that has gone
through a full use cycle and has
been printed on for example.
Instead, manufacturers have
traditionally concentrated on recycling "pre-consumer" waste—
mill ends, cuttings from envelope
conversion, deleted stock and so
"Both are beneficial (to the
environment) but post-consumer
waste is especially important in
reducing the need for landfills and
incinerators and for encouraging
recycling programs," she said.
The process for producing recycled paper is less toxic than
producing virgin paper. According
to Environment Canada statistics,
it takes 43 per cent less energy to
produce a tonne of recycled paper.
As well, because less pulping
is required, manufacturing recycled paper uses up to 7,000 gallons less of water per tonne, 75 per
vigil held for war victims
by Robin Muehlebach
A different kind of peace rally
was held in front of the Student
Union Building yesterday afternoon.
About 70 people from various
religious denominations gathered
to hold a vigil concerning the war
in the Persian Gulf.
"Christians, Moslems and
Jews anxious about the conflict in
the Middle East came together to
pray for peace," said Zac Kaye,
chaplain for the Jewish congregation on campus.
Brad Newcombe, United
Church chaplain at UBC, said"the
vigil reached out to all denominations without involving itself in
the issues. Opponents and advocates of UN involvement in the
Gulf were able to avoid controversy
by finding a common ground in the
desire for peace.
"The vigil consisted of readings
from the Old and New Testament
as well as the Koran. Candles were
litthroughoutthe vigil to symbolize
a kind of solidarity for those who
suffer," Newcombe said.
Abdul Elshafai of the UBC
Muslim Association said he "was
glad to see people realizing that
religion calls for peace rather than
violent confrontation."
Newcombe said, "The vigil's
vigor was sparked by the fact that
people with opposing views on UN
involvement had the overriding
desire to come together and express their anxiousness for peace."
All three spokespersons
agreed that the vigil was a success.
"I was moved when a Catholic girl
gave a prayer card to the Moslem
chaplain and to me so that her
prayers could have some meaning
for her", Kaye said.
Elshafai was also moved by
the gesture. "I believe there is no
reason for Muslims and Jews not
to be together to pray for peace.
The protesters whichhave recently
clashed in the US should consider
coming together for cordial discussion. How can you demand the
end of aggression and at the same
time attack each other?"
Kaye expressed his dismay
about violent clashes between pro-
and anti-war protesters in the
United States. "It doesn't serve
any purpose to let the war bring
brutality to other parts of the
world," he said.
Kaye said that Jewish students have been alienated by some
anti-war groups. "Many young
Jews feel that the peace movement
has alienated them by not being
able to understand the awkward
position they are in."
Newcombe added, "The vigil
was attempt to break these barriers. In essence, it was a way to
show people that getting to know
each other is the key to peace."
cent less air pollution, and 35 per
cent less water pollution.
Efforts to find paper recycled
from post-consumer waste can be
troublesome, however. The labels
on some brands do not include the
percentages of each kind of waste,
and some include a fair amount of
virgin paper.
Moreover, in an effort to make
the paper white, manufacturers
will often bleach it with chlorine,
producing dioxins and other toxic
substances in the process.
The Thunderbird Shop carries
a line of recycled paper products,
including graph paper, spiral
notebooks and envelopes, all labelled with the percentages of each
type of waste used.
However, Thunderbird Shop
manager Bob Gray said that although sales of recycled paper are
picking up, most customers prefer
virgin paper products—especially
when buying notebook paper which
is significantly cheaper. Moreover,
recycled notebook paper islinedon
one side only.
"With students, price is a big
factor," Gray said.
The UBC Bookstore also carries recycled paper for notebooks,
but it is bleached and the percentages of pre- and post-consumer
waste are not on the label.
|   ^HOST Sonata, a play
\^A     of a miserable and
hypocritical world, relies
on imagination rather
than fact.
This special production ofthe BA Students of
the UBC Theatre Department is directed by
Kathleen Weiss, the
former artistic director of
of Tamahnous Theatre.
Ghost Sonata opens
Tuesday night at the
Dorothy Somerset Studio
and runs until Saturday.
"It's about people
feeding off each
other...it's about spiritual
and psychological
—Anthony Ingram, UBC
theatre student
Save the GST -10% to 90% oil the regular prices of every item in the store
including: '    ~
2Q% °FF
Hockey Sticks
20°/° °FF
|% OFF
20% OFF
Hockey Gloves
January 22> 1991
Evening Polls, Wednesday, January 23,1991
4:30pm to 7:00pm
(Board of Governors and Senators At-Large Elections Only)
Totem Park Common Block
Place Vanier Common Block
' Walter H. Gage Common Block
Sedgewick Library
(Subject to students being available to run these polling stations)
Daytime Polls, Monday through Friday,
January 21 — 25,1991
9:30am to 4:00pm
Music (Tues. & Wed. only)
Sedgewick Library
V.G.H. (Wed. only 9:30 - 2:00)
War Memorial Gymnasium
Woodward/LR.C. Lobby
Henry Angus
C.E.M.E. Building
Computer Science
(Subject to students being available to run these polling stations.)
(Two are to be elected)
Tony Fogarassy (Second Year Law)
Paul J. Gill (Second Year Arts)
Wendy King (Fourth Year Arts)
Derek K. Miller (Dip. Prog, in Creative non-Fiction)
Benjamin Prins (Third Year Engineering)
Martin Wilder (Second Year Arts)
SENATORS AT-LARGE (Five to be elected)
J. Hagan Ainsworth (Third Year Arts)
Ken Armstrong (Fourth Year Arts)
Jonty Bogardus (Third Year Arts)
Lisa Drummond (M.A. Candidate - Geography)
Rob Emmerson (Second Year Arts)
Julie Lahcy (Third Year Nursing)
Orvin Lau (Second Year Science)
Dean Leung (Second Year Engineering)
Hugh Leung (Third Year Science)
David A. McConnell (Third Year Arts)
Stephanie Moroz (First Year Engineering)
Catherine L. Rankel (Fourth Year Science)
Wendy Wong (Second Year Pharmaceutical Sciences)
APPLIED SCIENCE (One to be elected)
David Lalonde (First Year Engineering)
Stephen Mak (Third Year Engineering)
(Voting will take place in the C.EM.E. Building only.)
ARTS (One to be elected)
Kari Bentsen (Third Year Arts)        Mary Hermant (Third Year Arts)
(Voting will take place in the Buchanan Building only.)
ADMINISTRATION (One to be elected)
Manfred Hanik (Third Year Commerce)
Mark Kimberley (Third Year Commerce)
(Voting will take place in the Henry Angus Building only.)
GRADUATE STUDIES (One to be elected)
Brian Goehring (Ph.D. Candidate — Geography)
Ross Penner (M.A. Candidate — History)
(One to be elected)
Edward A. Chin (Second Year)   Niki Patel (Third Year)
Julie Faun (Second Year) Rosy Suleman (Third Year)
Joe Jacob (Third Year) Emile Woo (Second Year)
(Voting will take place in the Woodward II.R.C Lobby only.)
SCIENCES (One to be elected)
Jason Ford (Second Year) Philip Ledwith (First Year)
Clement Fung (Third Year) Christopher Sing (Second Year)
(Voting will take place in the Chemistry Building &
the Woodward II.R.C. Lobby.)
(It should be noted that any allegation or irregularities with these elections
must be submitted in writing to the Registrar within 48 hours ofthe close
of polling (exclusive of weekends or public holidays) and must include the
signatures of at least three students eligible to vote.)
T-Birds singe Vikettes
by Gwen Parker
After crushing the University
of Victoria Vikettes in a pair of
four game matches over the
weekend, the UBC women's volleyball team solidified their hold
on second place in the Canada
West standings.
Game scores of 13-15, 15-9,
15-12, and 15-11 on Friday night,
and 15-11,15-7, 5-15, and 15-4 on
Saturday night revealed the
team's ability to put bad games
behind them and rebound to win
the match.
UBC coach Donna Baydock
said the dramatic difference be
tween the two matches was blocking. The Vikettes' lone stuff block
paled in comparison to the 'Bird's
Kyla Lee's setting was recognized as a substantial addition to
Saturday night's victory and she
was rewarded with player of the
game honours.
Lee attributed the success to
a team effort. Regarding the third
game mental collapse, she said
"we lost the game on our mistakes,
Victoria didn't do anything differently."
With strong defense and excellent blocking, right side player
Sonya Wachowski walked away
with yet another player of the
game award on Friday night.
Although the 'Birds defeated
Victoria quite easily on Friday
night, their defensive and blocking skills were more polished in
Saturday's match.
Upcoming matches at the
University of Alberta will provide
the 'Birds with a few more chances
to refine their game before they
meet with the University of
Saskatchewan in home games the
following weekend.
UBC has yet to take a match
from Saskatchewan, which is
maintaining a firm grip on first
place in Canada West.
'Birds crash, then burn in Victoria
by Quinn Harris
The UBC men's basketball
team handed over their number
one national ranking to the University of Victoria Vikings with
two weekend losses on the island.
UVic forward and CIAU athlete of the week Spencer McKay
tallied a two game total of 62 points,
11 assists and 21 rebounds as the
Vikings edged the Birds 95-91 on
Friday then pounded them 108-87
on Saturday.
UBC coach Bruce Enns cites
McKay's performance and UVic's
domination inside as key factors in
the Viking's victories.
"Besides beating us on the
boards, they also wore out our perimeter players," Enns said.This
allowed their guards to score eas
ily from outside".
UVic guard Tom Johnson
alone accounted for 39 points on
Saturday night, mostly from outside.
"UVic played especially well
on defense, while our offence just
was not clicking," Enns said.
The Thunderbird offense certainly was clicking in earlier contests against the Vikes. The
Thunderbirds beat UVictwice, 100-
87 and 96-82 in a similar weekend
series here in November.
One encouraging sign for UBC
over this weekend was second year
forward Derek Christiansen, who
scored 23 points Saturday's game.
"Derek seems to have reached a
turning point," Enns said."I think
he is finally starting to play to his
On Friday night a small, but
noisy contingent of UBC fans rallied the Thunderbirds.Two fans
were apprehended and one was
arrested after cheering on UBC
too enthusiastically from the
sidelines. The 2,800 UVic fans who
turned out for both games were
noticeably more vocal on Saturday
night, and helped to spur on Vikings and demoralize the
Thunderbird Women
The UBC women's basketball
team lost both games in a weekend
series against the University of
Victoria Vikings. The T-Birds were
overwhelmed 88-53 on Friday
night, and 74-56 on Saturday.
Volleybirds torch Vikings
The UBC Thunderbird men's
volleyball team hosted their weak
sister in the Canada West, the
University of Victoria Vikings, and
dominated their guests both
nights, winning 3-1 Friday night
and 3-0 Saturday.
The Thunderbirds accomplished both of their stated goals:
to win both matches and to play
every healthy player.
Coach Dale Ohman resisted
the temptation to return to his
starters Friday night after an inexperienced group of players faltered and lost the third game Friday night. His patience paid off as
the same group won the fourth
game 15-4 to take the match.
Jason Bukowski, playing for
the first time against his former
team, lead the way statistically
hitting an impressive seven out of
ten kills and eleven service points.
Conrad Leinemann had 12 kills
and Charles Herbert and Bobby
Smith chipped in ten each.
On Saturday the Vikings provided even less competition and
Rob Hill, Leinemann, and Smith
each had ten kills.
Thunderbirds are now in third
place in the Canada West and
travel to Edmonton this upcoming
weekend to face the fourth place
University of Alberta Golden
Congratulations to Quinn Harris for being the second stai
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January 22,1991 SPORTS
Bears barbequeue 'Birds
by Michael Booth
The Thunderbird hockey
team learned what it takes to get
a loud and boisterous crowd out to
their games this weekend: give
away twenty cases of beer to the
loudest group of fans.
Ine 1,000-plus students who
lowed up on Noise for Beer night
Friday went away on a down note,
however, as the T-Birds dropped
a 3-1 decision to the frontrunning
University of Alberta. The next
night, the Golden Bears erupted
for three goals in the third period
and beat the hometown T-Birds 6-
3. It was UBC's fifth straight loss.
Despite outplaying and
outshooting Alberta 40-24 on Saturday night, the T-Birds were unable to solve the riddle of Alberta's
defense and goaltender Gavin
Armstrong. UBC forward Scott
Fearns opened the scoring, but
Alberta had a 2-1 lead after one
period of play.
The T-Birds seemed to feed
on the relentless din raised by the
crowd but were unable to create
any serious scoring chances aside
from long perimeter shots that
Armstronghandledeasily. Alberta
forward Marty Ye wchuk added an
insurance marker mid-way
through the third period and the
Golden Bears escaped the
Thunderdome with a 3-1 win.
The next night's game was
more evenly matched as the two
teams were tied at three after two
periods of play. In the third, however, defensive errors by the T-
Birds in their own end cost them
as the Golden Bears scored three
goals to ice the game 6-3.
Forwards Grant Delcourt,
Darren Kwiatkowski and Mike
Kennedy scored for the T-Birds
while Yewchuk led the Bears with
two goals and two assists.
"lam disappointedin our end-
zone play," said UBC coach Terry
O'Malley. "We're just not alert in
the little loose things in our end-
zone that do you in."
The losses drop the T-Birds
into fourth place in the Canada
West conference with an 8-8-2 win-
loss-tie record.
"We have to start climbing
the hill again; we're at .500 (8-8-2)
but you have to be .650 or .700 to
have a chance of making the playoffs in this league," said O'Malley.
The T-Birds now travel to
Winnipeg for a two game set with
the University of Manitoba. After
that, they return home for two
weeks to host the universities of
Lethbridge and Saskatchewan.
UBC's Mike Kennedy (10) finds out the hard way that the Golden
Bears play team defense.
'er of the year to see the inside of  a   police   vehicle,
jyssey    Sub 241k
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please call 228-2998, Mon.-Fri. between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m.
for more information. An honorarium will be paid for
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JAN.   24,   25,   26   &  27
Downtown Main Store
Mon - Fri 9-9, Sat 9-6, Sun noon - 5
919 Robson St
Manhattan Books & Magazines
• French Books • 1089 Robson St
Mon - Wed 9-9,Thu & Fri 9-10, Sat 9-10, Sun 10-6 681-9074
University Branch 4444 W. 10th Ave
Mon - Fri 9:30-9, Sat 9:30-6, Sun noon - 5 224-7012
Arbutus Shopping Centre       4255 Arbutus St
Mon-Wed 9:30-6,Thu & Fri 9:30-9, Sat 9:30-6, Sun noon-5 738-1833
Mon - Sat 9-5
1701 W. 3rd Ave
Fax: (604) 732-3765
Please note: Special orders, reservations and magazines
are regular prices
Welcome Wagon Bridal Party
Tuesday Feb. 5
Doors 6:30 pm
4th Floor Restaurant
1495 West 8th Ave. (near Qranville)
For invitations for yourself and guest
Please call Marge at 275-1558
featuring —
Call Chris or Doug for reservations 73 J-5530
6255 West Boulevard
Store Manager
- Mel Farrell
4387 West 1 0th
We Also Have A Fully Stocked Service Department
January 22,1991
To: The Board of Governors
In June, 1989, the Senate and the Board
of Governors of The University of British Columbia adopted a Mission Statement. This
was accompanied by a Strategic Plan that
laid out a planning framework within which
each unit of the university would develop its
The document was entitled "Second to
None: Service through Excellence." The
objectives laid out in the Strategic Plan clearly
indicate that the university is committed to
maintaining and strengthening its position as
one of a limited number of national universities in Canada and to reinforce its role as one
of the best universities in North America.
One of the stated objectives was to "work
for the equality of opportunity for qualified
candidates by enabling them to overcome
non-academic barriers, whether they be social or financial limitations, or barriers of disability."
The tuition recommended has explicit
goals i) to ensure that qualified students are
not precluded from attending the university
because of financial limitations and ii) to ensure that the university maintains and enhances its support of the teaching and learning environment.
As we address the question of university
tuition fees, we consider first the principles
that should be reflected. The following are
the governing principles for the proposed UBC
tuition fee increase.
1. Tuition fees and financial aid must be
responsive to financial needs so that no otherwise admissible student is denied the opportunity to attend university solely for financial reasons.
2. Any substantial increase in tuition fees
must be accompanied by commensurate attention to financial aid policy and to continuing the commitment to maintaining and enhancing the quality of education available to
students in the university.
3. Students and their families benefit from
a university education and can be expected
to bear a reasonable proportion of the cost of
that education.
4. Any substantial change in the proportion
of the cost to be borne by students should be
phased in over a period of years.
5. Tuition fees and financial aid should be
reasonably predictable for a student entering
a program at UBC, at least for the normal
duration of the program.
Financial Aid Policy
Credit tuition fees account for about 15%
of UBC general purpose operating revenue.
Consequently, students contribute a modest
proportion of the cost of their education. A
significant proportion of students and their
families are able to afford a greater share of
the actual cost of a university education.
However, some students are unable to afford
even the current level of tuition fees let alone
an increase. A university financial aid policy
must ensure that this group is not disadvantaged and, if possible, that access is improved rather than compromised.
Some years ago the Australian government eliminated tuition fees at universities in
an attempt to ensure that students from all
socioeconomic  backgrounds  could  more
January 18,1991
To the campus community:
I am pleased to present the tuition recommendations
made to the Board of Governors so that every person on
campus can see and review the background. I would
welcome comments. We have paid for this report to be
published since we believe it should be seen by all
David W. Strangway
easily attend universities. The results of this
change were analyzed and monitored at intervals of several years. Remarkably, the elimination of tuition fees had no effect whatsoever on the socioeconomic mix. What became clear was that the system of relatively
low tuition was explicitly a benefit to the more
affluent since they were the ones that continued to attend university in disproportionate
numbers. Sweden has no fees, but students
from high income families are more likely to
choose university courses than are those
from low income families who often choose
non-university courses.
It is well established from this experiment that the socioeconomic mix of students
does not vary much from among those jurisdictions that have no tuition, to those that
have low tuition to those that have moderate
tuition such as most Canadian universities.
Significant differences from province to province, for example, are not a determinant of
the participation rate in any significant way.
A sharp rise in tuition fees in Quebec universities in 1990/91 has not deterred students
from attending university and it was already
known that there would be a further sharp
rise in 1991/92. A higher tuition fee paid by
those who can afford it, with a portion of the
tuition income used to support those who
cannot afford it, can ensure better equality of
opportunity. Our policy on financial aid will
be that no student who is otherwise admissible to UBC will be unable to attend because
of financial reasons alone.
The principal financial barrier to attending university is not the tuition, but is the need
to live away from home and to incur substantial living and transportation costs. For this
reason in particular, UBC is proud to be a
supporter (and in some cases a partner) of
degree-granting opportunities in Kelowna,
Kamloops, Nanaimo and Prince George. In
this action alone, the provincial government
has made local access readily available to
more than half a million residents who will no
longer have to leave home to attend university.
The implication of the foregoing is that
enhancement of financial aid policy should
be concurrent with any major change in tui
tion fees, particularly if the change entails a
large increase in fees. Financial aid at UBC
is substantial and is administered ably by
conscientious staff members. Nevertheless,
it cannot be said to constitute a comprehensive and coherent program (see Appendix 1).
It is always a difficult problem to determine financial need. However, both the federal government and the provincial government have developed sophisticated approaches to making this determination. These
are described in Appendix 2 and the university policy will build on these well established
procedures rather than create a new and independent approach. The university will
continue to press for fair and reasonable
changes to the parameters used by government in making these assessments.
In support of goals noted above, we,
therefore, recommend that the tuition increase
in each of the years 1991/92 to 1993/94 be
set at the year over year Vancouver CPI (as
at December 31 of the preceding year) plus
4.5%. The selection of a three-year planning
horizon is important to the university and the
Rationale for Recommendation
The basis for this recommendation is as
A. Operating Costs
There has been much restructuring at
UBC in the past few years as a result of
effective cuts in operating grants in the early
to mid-1980s. The effect of this has been to
lead to improved efficiency in many areas
such as telephones, energy savings, custodial services and many others. But, there
has also been a reduction in the quality of the
teaching, learning and research environment.
Operating grants in the past two to three
years have led to improvement in this environment, but there are still many things to be
done to be sure that students, both undergraduate and graduate, have the best possible environment for learning.
The overall cost of operating universities
will, for the next few years, be above inflation.
The cost above inflation results from four
i) The bulge of hiring of new faculty in the
1960s, in response to government pressure,
has led to few retirements in the intervening
years. This pattern will be unchanged until
late in the 1990s.
When faculty members retire, their salary is used for two purposes: i) to hire a
junior professor at a lower starting salary and
ii) to create a pool of funds to provide the
merit driven increases that are used in universities in lieu of promotional increases. In
an equilibrium, this component would be fully
funded. But, like all universities across North
America, retirements will remain low for the
next few years and there is a severe income
shortfall to fund the merit increases. With a
faculty of 1,800 we would expect a normal
retirement rate of 60-90 a year. We will
not reach that level until the turn of the century.
At present, it costs 2% of the faculty
salaries and benefits budget (50% of the
university operating budget) to make up this
shortfall. Since this item is 50% of our operating budget, it alone accounts for a need for
a 1 % increase in the operating budget above
inflation in the immediate future.
ii) The goods and services that are used by
the university have costs that can also be
shown to be above normal inflation rates.
This includes items such as library books,
equipment which is becoming increasingly
sophisticated, supplies used, for example, in
laboratories, increased need for access to
computers, and legal fees.
iii) Non-academic salaries and benefits account for about 32% of our operating expenditures. Many of these salaries, because of
low or no increases during the restraint period, are below their appropriate comparative
marketplace group.
iv) There are steady increases in the regulatory environment in which we must operate. This includes items such as occupational health and safety, employment equity
and the creation of an office to handle the
effect of the GST.
For the university to continue to operate
and provide its present level of service requires support at CPI + 2% for 1991/92 and
1992/93, but we expect at a decreasing rate
over the following years.
The restructuring of the past decade has
been extensive. A stable operating environment would permit individual units, especially
academic units, to have an incentive to carry
out further adjustments without fear of giving
up any improvements made to meet overall
university-wide reallocations.
B. Enhanced Student Aid and
Improved Teaching and Learning Environment
A further need, seen by the university is
to substantially increase its bursary support
to be sure that good students who would not
otherwise be able to attend or to remain at
UBC is provided. At present, there is a very
good provincial student aid package but there
January 22,1991 ADVERTISING
are still needs over and above these that
need to be dealt with. The following recommendation is based on the continued existence and improvement in the provincial plan.
It should be noted that a student completing
his/her four year program within five years
will be forgiven all but $12,000 of any outstanding provincial loan. (See Appendix 2 for
a description of the policy.)
The university already provides substantial aid through a combination of endowment
funds, operating funds, and research funds
as well as ensuring that students compete
fully for awards administered outside the university (see Appendix 1).
The following steps will be taken in this
i) Increase the overall student tuition
as shown in the table each year. Of this, a
portion will be used to enhance student aid
for students needing the assistance and a
portion will be used to enhance the teaching
and learning environment.
ii) The present emergency bursary
fund (which was funded two years ago and is
being enhanced by a return of a share of
parking fines) will be administered on a simple,
fast turnaround, short- and medium-term loan
basis. A steering committee of the director of
student aid, the two student members of the
Board of Governors and the immediate past
student members of the board will form a
steering committee.
iii) University support through increasing its need-based bursary program will be
enhanced to provide the difference between
the BCSAP loan and the total assessed need.
The effectiveness of this will be part of each
year's budget submission and each year the
incremental amount allocated will be rolled
into   the   base   budget   on   a   continuing
iv) A task force will be struck immediately to recommend a process by which all
student part-time employment opportunities
on campus are offered to those in greatest
need of even further financial aid, assuming,
of course, they are effective employees. This
recommendation will be presented to the administration by August 31, 1991 with full implementation scheduled for the 1992/93 academic year.
The objective of the financial aid policy
is to ensure that no student who otherwise
meets the high admission standards of UBC
is denied the opportunity to attend for financial reasons.
The following table shows the breakdown of how the fund will be used in each
This amount is over and above the Vancouver CPI as determined December 31 of the
preceding year.
In 1991/92, we have recommended a
move to a more broadly based unit tuition
fee. This unit fee will greatly simplify tuition
management, but will in itself lead to a redistribution in the fees otherwise collected. We
will, therefore, increase some fees while reducing others to cover this cost, but with no
net income or loss to the revenue.
As in the case of the student aid fund,
the enhancement fund will be budgeted each
year and presented to the board for approval
and directly reflect teaching needs. Each
year, this amount will then be added into the
continuing base budget in the following year.
These needs can be in any of a wide range of
areas (faculty positions, libraries, undergraduate equipment and supplies, department supplies and expenses, etc.).
% Distribution
Above inflation
GPO expenses
Student Aid Fund
Enhance Teaching
and Learning
Environment Fund
1 ci
Non-academic and Non-financial Barriers to Access
Even with the availability of extensive financial aid, many apparently able students
do not choose to attend university. In some
cases, this is the outcome of a thoughtful
consideration and the alternative is fulfilling
to the individual and socially and/or economically productive. In other cases, it is the
outcome of social barriers, of the lack of
encouragement from family or community,
the lack of direct experience or any basis on
which to identify with the university. All of
this may be exacerbated by the perception
that insuperable financial barriers exist.
In adopting the Mission Statement, we
made a commitment to "work for equality of
opportunity for qualified candidates by enabling them to overcome non-academic barriers, whether they be social or financial limitations, or barriers of disability." In addition to
enhancing financial aid, we have created units
designed to deal with social and physical
barriers to participation. These include the
School and College Liaison Office, the Office
of Women's and Gender Issues, the Disability Resource Centre, the Multicultural Liaison
Office, and the First Nations House of Learning. A diversified base of support has been
essential to these developments.
The credit course tuition level for the period 1991/92 to 1993/94 be increased annually by CPI in Vancouver (based on the annual increase to the previous December 31)
plus 4.5%.
It is intended that this approach be used
as guidelines for tuition determination beyond the initial three-year period since it will
take some years to fully develop the needed
enhancements to the student aid fund and to
the teaching and learning environment enhancement fund.
AiPiPiEMiBim a
The university's financial aid presently includes the following elements:
• 5,500 students receive $27 million in federal and provincial student loans and
• 1,700 students receive $2.2 million in scholarships.
• 1,400 students receive $1.4 million in bursaries.
• 500 students receive loans (This is in addition to the AMS Emergency Loan
Program which serves approximately 50 students).
• 750 students receive part-time employment through the disbursement of $1 million
in a work-study program.
• 500 graduate students receive $4.5 million in fellowships.
• More than 1,000 graduate students earn over $6 million in program-related employment as Graduate Teaching Assistants.
• Many graduate students obtain program-related employment as research assis
tants funded by faculty members' research grants. This totals $8.8 million.
• Many students, particularly undergraduates, obtain part-time employment in such
units as the library, housing, food services, athletics and recreation, the bookstore,
and the AMS.
Financial support for students comes from many different sources: federal and provincial governments; University General Purpose Operating Funds; endowed scholarships, fellowships and bursaries; research grants and contracts; and campus ancillary enterprises.
• The university has more than 800 specific purpose trust and endowment accounts
for scholarship and bursary awards.
• As of March 31,1990, endowment capital totalled $40.5 million, $17 million for
graduate awards and    $23.5 million for undergraduate.
• Endowment for financial aid is growing through the fundraising campaign, other gifts
and bequests and through a special board decision to allocate $100,000 annually
from parking fine revenue to build a $1 million endowment for emergency aid to students.
ae»e>eimim: un
Over the past three years, need based student aid from all sources has increased by slightly more than four million dollars. Measured against BCSAP assessed need, this represents an increase in support from 89% of assessed need in
1987/88 to 93% of assessed need in 1989/90. It is anticipated that this ratio will increase to approximately 95% in the current session. This represents a 19% increase
in total support/BCSAP recipient from $4,830 in 1987/88 to $5,742 in 1989/90.
Detailed information is provided below.
1.  B.C. Student Assistance
The following is a summary of Winter Session data with respect the B.C. Student
Assistance Program:
Academic Year
Assessed Need
%Need Met    BCSAP#
Over the past three years, the B.C. Government has increased many of the
BCSAP living allowances, anc, at the same time, increased the award ceilings for
individual students. The impact of increased allowances (including increased tuition)
is reflected in the column headed "Assessed Need". Increases in the "$BCSAP" column largely reflect the effect of the increased award ceilings. To the extent that Assessed Need is reflective of student costs, the program has made some significant
Continued on page 12 ADVERTISING
a»iiM^ »l   oanll'U
gains in meeting education costs. This is reflected in the column"% Need Met". The
BCSAP figures do not include students who are applying for assistance through other
provinces. It is estimated that there are approximately 750 out-of-province aid recipients receiving an additional $2.8 million.
Although the Awards Office uses Assessed Need as the basis for determining
eligibility for other forms of assistance such as bursaries and Work Study, a note of
caution is required. It must be recognized that for many students, the BCSAP allowances reflect a minimum standard of living, and the program anticipates resources
such as parental contribution and summer savings which are frequently not forthcoming. In addition, many of the allowances for married students or students with families
are established by the federal government and have not been increased since 1984/
85. The federal government has hired a consultant to review the allowances and
other matters affecting their program.
2. Other Assistance
a) Bursaries
Bursaries are funded from three sources (operating funds, income from endowments, and annual donations), and individual awards are subject to change from year
to year. Historically, operating funds have been used as a buffer to ensure that need
based assistance from all sources is delivered in a planned manner, one that does not
fluctuate radically from year to year.
Over the past three years, the number of bursary applicants has decreased from
1,988 in 1987/88 to 1,368 in 1989/90. The lower number of bursary applications reflects in part, the improvements to BCSAP. There appears to be a slight increase in
the number of applications received in the current session. For several years, bursaries have been allocated under a formula which attempted to meet a total of 85% of the
student's assessed need in a combination of BCSAP and bursary funds. In 1989/90,
this figure was increased to 90%. It is anticipated that this ratio will increase to approximately 95% in the current year.
While for the past three years the average bursary has remained at slightly over
$1.200, the average BCSAP award has increased from $4,305 to $5,240. (The average BCSAP award for the current session is $5,643.)
b) University Loans
Although generally known as "Emergency Loans', this name is really a misnomer. Approximately half of the university loans are used to provide short term (60
days) funding pending receipt of government assistance documents. The demand for
this assistance depends largely on the ministry's turnaround time for BCSAP documents and the activity is concentrated at the beginning of each term. (The BCSAP
turnaround time ranges from 6 to 12 weeks for ■'regular" applications and is frequently
considerably longer for appeals and cases requiring special consideration.) The remaining loans are of a longer duration and may be repaid over the summer or following graduation, depending on the students' circumstances. Due to increased BCSAP
turnaround times, the number of advances against government assistance documents appears to have increased significantly in the current session. The university
loan summary is as follows:
c) Work Study
Work Study is largely a provinciaily funded program, but operating funds have
been used to fund a small program for out-of-province aid recipients who do not
qualify for B.C. assistance. Work Study is used to offset the lack of student and/or
parental contribution, meet costs which are not adequately recognized by BCSAP,
and meet need over the BCSAP ceilings. The Work Study Summary is as follows:
$ 867,000
$ 992,633
d) Turnaround Times
As indicated above, students frequently experience long delays in connection
with BCSAP and the other aid programs. Delays of up to 12 weeks in processing
documents are not uncommon. In addition, the programs have become increasingly
complex both for the students and the Awards Office staff. Students often need to see
an advisor in order to determine the appropriate funding options. Advising staff is
limited, and the front counter enquiry staff is often unable to deal with the complexity of
the individual student's situation. This year the Awards Office was able to reduce
some of the pressure for short-term assistance by deferring tuition fees for all students
who applied for BCSAP by June 30th. (Although the first disbursement coincides with
the first day of the term, financial institutions can take as long as ten days to release
funds to the students.)
This, of course, will be resolved in the coming year since all fundraising aspects
of this office have been transferred to the Development Office, thus freeing up two
positions which have been explicitly designated to fill this need.
The parental contribution concept was incorporated into the Canada Student
Loans Program (CSLP) shortly after it was initiated in 1964. Although in the ensuing
years the expected levels of parental support have been adjusted, the criteria for
establishing Group B status or "independent" have not been altered in any significant
way. In general, all applicants are classified as Group A ("dependent") except those
who meet at least one of the criteria establishing Group B ("independent") status. Students establish Group B status by meeting one or more of the following criteria:
a) The applicant will be married before the last day of the month in which classes
begin. Applicants who are separated, divorced, widowed, or single parents are
included in this category.
b) The applicant has been out of secondary school for 48 months.
c) The applicant has spent two periods of twelve consecutive months each in the
full time labour force.
d) The applicant has no parent, guardian or sponsor (parent, guardian or sponsor
has died or disappeared).
e) The applicant is a ward of the court.
Approximately one-third of the UBC applicants for BCSAP fall into Group A category.
The principal elements in the determination of the amount of expected parental
support are the income of the parent(s), the size of the family unit, the number of
students attending post-secondary institutions and whether the parents reside in the
same area as the post-secondary institution the student will attend. The federal table
does not consider the age of the parents (i.e., proximity to retirement) nor does it consider the differences in the cost of living from one part of the country to another.
The CSLP establishes basic levels which the provinces must use in assessing
students for federal loans. The provinces have always been permitted to adopt more
stringent rules for assessing eligibility for CS Loans, and are able to adopt different
rules for their own provincial assistance programs. The 1984 Provincial Task Force
recommended that the concept of Parental Contribution and the amounts of assistance expected be reviewed.
Although the CSLP parental contribution policies permit the consideration of
assets, the final determination for this issue rests with the provinces, and there is little
consistency. B.C. assesses an additional contribution if the net assets (excluding the
family home) exceed $150,000.
While the criteria for independence are frequently challenged, from my perspec
tive the real problem is the unrealistic levels of parental support which are expected.
Unfortunately, many parents seem to feel that the expected contribution is something
that the university has developed and this misconception causes a real strain on our
front counter staff and others. At the present time, appeals against parental assessment are the largest single issue in connection with BCSAP.
The parental contribution tables were last revised in 1984/85. The following
examples of expected parental contribution may be of assistance. All examples are
based on 8 month term. Income figures represent gross income.
a) Single income of $30,000; 3 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $1,122.
b) Single income of $40,000; 5 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $1,666.
c) Double income of $50,000 ($35,000 and $15,000); 4 persons in family - two
students in post-secondary; both students attending an institution away from
home community - the expected parental contribution is $2,975 for each
d) Single income of $60,000; 5 persons in family; Student attending an institution
away from home community - the expected parental contribution is $7,684.
e) Single income of $20,000; 3 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $0 with an educational expense of $816 allowed as a
contribution towards room and board at home.
f) Single income of $30,000; 3 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $0 with the family being expected to provide room
and board at home.
g) Single income of $40,000; 5 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $374 with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home.
h) Double income of $50,000 ($35,000 and $15,000); 4 persons in family - two
students in post-secondary; both students living at home - the expected parental
contribution is $1,173 for each student with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home.
i) Single income of $60,000; 5 persons in family; Student living at home - the
expected parental contribution is $6,392 with the family also being expected to provide
room and board at home.
January 22,1991 NEWS
McGill lesbian and gay students
threaten university with law suit
by Kathleen Hickey
MONTREAL (CUP)—McGill's gay
and lesbian student group may
bring the university to trial.
Gays and Lesbians of McGill
(GALOM) is prepared to charge
McGill with human rights violations over the university's refusal
to allow gay-positive advertising
in its off-campus housing listings.
GALOM first approached the
administration in August, and is
prepared to take the University to
the Quebec Human Rights Commission if there's no action soon.
"They're really past any kind
of deadline," said GALOM
coordinator Gary LeTourneau.
"GALOM is very frustrated and
impatient with the kind of lip ser
vice we get.
Le Tourneau met in early
January with dean of students
Lynn Butler-Kisber. "She seemed
quite sympathetic," he said, "but it
essentially appears that nothing
will be done."
McGill's legal council has advised Butler-Kisber to refuse the
phrase "gay and lesbian positive,"
on grounds of being exclusionary
and irrelevant to an apartment's
Yetotherlife style descriptions
are allowed in the listings. Students can request non-smoking,
male or female, international or
vegetarian roommates for example.
Students' Society vice president University Affairs Deborah
Discover the
? days §==iv=T= low low prices
A WEEK    =      _ ^
§=?ivi^ free services
PiU^ binding
'IE  (604)  224 622V
4:30 to 10:00 pm
NOW>FRIDAYS 4:30 to 11:00 pm
1738 West Mall, U.B.C.     228-5021     Next to Asian Centre
Faculty of Arts
Teaching Prizes - 1991
Five $5000 prizes to recognize excellent
teaching in the Faculty of Arts
Faculty, students or alumni may suggest
candidates to the Head of the Department
or Director of the School in which the
nominee teaches
DEADLINE for nominations reaching the
Dean's office is 15 March 1991.
Further details from Heads or Directors
or the Dean's office (228-4627)
Pentesco said, "We already distinguish between different lifestyles
and when you choose a roommate
you're also choosing a lifestyle."
Pentesco said the Dean's office has taken no action since Students' Society spoke to Butler-
Kisber in August, asking her to
address their concerns immediately.
Graduate students also requested immediate action back in
August, and have yet to receive a
Eric Darier, a graduate representative to Students' Society,
called the lack of response "totally
"It should be easy to make a
decision quickly," Darier said,
"These aren't the 1880s."
Police video tape
Victoria peace protests
by Sherryl Yeager
VICTORIA (CUP)—People taking part in Victoria rallies protesting Canada's presence in the
Persian Gulf should smile because
they are probably on Candid
Camera, military style.
For that matter, the same
could be true of people at a
demonstration about anything,
anywhere in the city.
Two military police officers
were filming a December anti-
Gulf war rally in Victoria from a
parkade across the street from
the site.
"Whenever there is any demonstration, anywhere in this city,
if s filmed by whoever is respon
sible," said one of the police, a
sub-lieutenant who refused to
give his name.
He said the government or
the city, whichever body the rally
is aimed at, film the events.
The sub-lieutenant said the
films are made, "so that if anything happens or any damage is
done, we can say who did it.
"If anybody comes and starts
pushing people around, we've got
a record of who it is."
He said if the film is needed
for evidence it is turned over to
proper authorities.
"If nothing else happens it
ends up getting taped over some
other time. We don't save it and
no, we don't keep files on people."
UBC President David Strangway
has presented tuition fee and financial aid guidelines to the university's
Board of Governors that set fee increases for a three-year period and
bolster financial aid for students.
The guidelines propose that tuition increases in 1991-92, 1992-93
and 1993-94 be set at the annual
Vancouver inflation rate, plus 4.5
per cent. The guidelines designate a
portion of the proposed increase for
enhanced student aid and another portion for an enhanced
teaching and learning environment.
The full text ofthe proposed guidelines was published
in UBC Reports on Dec. 13, 1990. Strangway is seeking
input from students, faculty and staff on the proposed
guidelines, which will be voted on by UBC's Board of
Governors at its February 7 meeting.
Q: Why are you proposing, for the first time, a thrse-
year schedule of tuition fee increases?
A: By phasing in these changes, we'll ensure that tuition
fees and financial aid will be reasonably predictable. There
are real benefits to this type of planning because it allows
us to enhance our student aid package. We've got to start
building up a base for that, so the three year period will
allow us to make a significant dent in reaching our objective of reducing financial barriers.
Q: How much money are you proposing for student
financial aid?
A: At the present time, we get about $45 million from
student tuition. If you take one per cent of that, then
$450,000 would go into the aid package in the first year. By
year two, it would be up to $900,000 and by year three,
with an additional 1.5 per cent, another $675,000 would be
added to the ongoing total. That's over $1.5 million in
annual operating funds that would be available for student
aid by the end of the third year.
Q: What about other types of aid?
A: We are also going to expand work opportunities on
campus and ensure they are available, as much as possible,
to the more needy of our students. The basic objective is
that by the time that we do all of this, we want no student —
who is qualified and meets our admission standards — to
be able to say that he or she could not go to UBC because of
financial limitations. That's really what underlies the student aid part of the package.
Q: You're proposing a 4.5 per cent increase on top of
the inflation rate. Why do you have to raise fees above
A: There are really fojr reasons. First, we have an age
bulge in the fac.illy. with few retiring over the next few
years. Because so few will retire, few funds will be released to provide merit increases. We have to find a source
of income for merit increases, which arc used at universities in place of promotional increases.
A second reason is that some of our non-academic staff
are at salary levels which are below the marketplace. We
want to ensure that we are competitive and attracting and
keeping the very best staff al the university.
A third reason has to do with what I call regulatory
issues. For example, although we're supposed to be protected from the GST, we're going to have to create an
office to handle and manage the GST because we're going
to have to pay it and collect it back.
The fourth reason is that the goods and services used at
the university, such as library books, computers and legal
fees, rise at rates that are above inflation.
Q: How did you reach the figure of 4.5 per cent?
A: Well, it's a very difficult number to come up with.
We looked at the three objectives that we had with respect
to the "above inflation" component. The first two per cent
was the amount that we needed in order to be sure that we
didn't have to make any budget cuts. The remaining number was the amount we determined we needed to build a
significant student aid fund and a teaching and learning
environment fund.
Ultimately, we want to ensure that an appropriate teaching environment is here for students and that we provide
them with faculty and staff who are competitively-paid and
for whom this is a first-rate working environment.
Q: What do you mean when you talk about enhancing
the teaching and learning environment?
A: In some cases this could mean more computing
equipment for some of our labs or materials for some Arts
programs, or language labs, library materials or additional
teaching assistants. It may vary from faculty to faculty, but
it would all be towards specifically improving the teaching
environment itself.
Q: Why not try to get more money from the provincial
A: The provincial government has been doing a lot for
post-secondary education in B.C. Apart from the fact that it
provides 85 per cent of our operating budget, it has also
provided a student aid package which is now the best in
Canada. By providing access for 15,000 additional students, and not just in Vancouver, the government has reduced barriers for many. There are more than half a million
people who now have access to the university system who
didn't before because they can now go to Kelowna or
Kamloops or Nanaimo or Prince George.
The government has provided new money for equipment and for maintenance of buildings, and has provided
matching funds for our fundraising campaign. It has recently increased grants at above inflation rates and has
provided capital funds for badly needed new buildings. So,
the government has, in fact, been doing a lot to increase and
enhance the situation at UBC and universities in general.
Q: How will UBC guarantee that students have better
access to financial aid?
A: It's our intention to keep the bureaucracy to a minimum and we intend, especially, that the emergency loan
part of the package will have a very flexible, responsive
process in place.
Q: The economy is somewhat volatile. If the recession
continues and inflation rises significantly, so will tuition in
years to come.
A: I understand the concern, but we cannot allow
ourselves to get into the same situation as we did during the
last recession, one we have spent several years recovering
It isn't just students' costs that come underpressure, it's
the costs of operating the institution that come under financial pressure. So, the question is do you want to maintain
the level and the quality of what you've got? The answer is
yes, we want to preserve what we've worked so hard to
January 22,1991
¥    ♦„
A Modest
When university resumes next September, tuition will cost you $200 more; in three years, $662.
These increases will be reality when the Board of
Governors passes a proposed three-year plan for tuition fee increases next month. The fine print says the
fee hikes will increase at a rate of inflation plus 4.5 per
cent each year.
We disagree with the proposed hikes. In fact, we
think it would be better for the university if fees were
increased 33 per cent a year until students bear the
total burden for their educations, a sum of $11,500
(1990 dollars) per year.
We support this for several reasons.
Such a tuition schedule would free the provincial
government from financial commitments to post secondary education; something they've been trying to
achieve for the past decade.
Currently, Victoria pays for 85 per cent of UBC's
operatingbudget. Money saved from eliminating university funding could be better spent paying for the
personal flights of cabinet ministers, freeing agricultural land for more golf courses, and lowering stumpage
rates for logging companies.
A 33 per cent fee increase a year would also make
for a more homogeneous student body. Hiking tuition
would eliminate financially needy students and leave
UBC a dominion for the wealthy. Furthermore,
eliminating financially needy students will free up
millions of dollars in bursaries and loans that can be
used to construct more buildings on campus.
More buildings coupled with a reduced student
population would eliminate the problem of overcrowded
classrooms. Eventually, UBC will become a profit
making research corporation with fewer than 100
undergraduate students. Graduate students, in search
of academic credentials, will flock to the UBC graduate
Student politics would also benefit from such
increases. With no rabble attendingUBC, the need for
poorly attended tuition hike protests would be gone.
This would not only benefit the aesthetics of UBC, but
it would also be an environmentally friendly gesture
because untold pounds of paper would no longer be
wasted advertising these events.
Published in this edition of The Ubyssey is a three
page discourse from UBC president David Strangway
explainingthe rationale for hikingyour tuition 30 per
cent over the next three years. We encourage you to
write or phone Strangway, 6565 NW Marine Drive,
V6T 1A7,228-2121, and urge him to hike the fees 33
per cent a year until you pay the whole shot. If UBC
is to be a world class school, the time to act is now.
the Ubyssey
January 22,1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor.   The   Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building.    Editorial
Department, phone 228-2301; advertising, 228-3977;
FAX# 228-6093
Tigger careened through the Rockies in the grey shadow
that passed by the late night truck stops, unseen in the thick
fog.  Sam Green didn't fail to see the Safeway as they drove
past. "Stop!" cried Rob Reid and David Papineau, who in
frienzied states of creative genius craved peanut butter and
camenbert. Lucho van Isschot wasnt hungry. Effie Pow however was seen in the fruit section tasting the Id wi. Ernie Stelzer
wanted grapes. Don Mah peeled them, Paul Dayson ate them.
Effie waxed erotic on the relative merits of various fruit. Quinn
Harris and Yggy King watched in awe. "I wish we could afford
a loaf of bread." "But this is a collective, we share," said Chung
Wong. Robin Muehlebach snorted. Vitor Chew looked closely to
see if any substances were involved. Franka Cordua von
Specht was floating above all with wafer-thin-mints. "Have
one, just one." Michael Booth had allready had one cinnamon
bun too many, but David Chivo was tempted. Fiona Jackson
reached right up and grabbed the whole box. Martin Chester
was shocked. But he figured that with his good looks, he didnt
need aphrodisiacs. But what about his mate? Sharon Lindores
waited impaiently in the Greyhound, where Mark Nielsen and
Graham Coleman were snoring contentedly (Graham was
actually strapped to the roof. He didnt seem to mind however)
Hao Li and Steve Chan saw no merits in Safeway. They were
sucking back the Granville Island Lagers they had stashed
away for the long ride to Saskatchewan.
Yukie and Beck however were on another planet discussing
the relative merits of mushroom brushes and rags. A kiss is not
just a kiss, especially when it is applied in a gentle, yet
aggressive manner to the lower neck. Kiss kiss kiss... "Ooh!
Thats seven in one day! Damn, now if only he would give me
one." "Oh my!" gasped Lyanne Evans, blushing.
Rebecca Bishop  •  Michael Booth  •  Martin Chester
Paul Dayson  • Mark Nielsen
There is one small issue
in this whole Gulf thing that
I would like to clear up, if I
may, because nobody else
seems to be willing to do so.
It's quite simple, really. It
appears, hard as it is to
imagine, that the hand-
wringing moralists might
have made a little bit of a
mistake. I am referring to
those people who argue that
the US should not use military force against Iraq because it did not apply the
same standard in situations
where an otherwise identical violation did not
threaten American interests. This argument, intelligently introduced into the
North American consciousness by Saddam Hussein to
produce public dissent, has
become one of the more
popular arguments against
military action in the Gulf,
despite the fact that it hold
no water at all.
The most common
springboard for the argument has been an analogy
between the Israeli occupation ofthe West Bank (etc.)
and the situation ofthe Iraqis in Kuwait. This is itself
a shaky proposition at best,
whose collapse would vaporize the argument which
we are discussing; but in
the interest of space and
time, let's leave that question to the side for a moment,
and allow that the two situations are close enough to
demand that the same kind
of international  punitive
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must b - typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length. Content
which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but itis standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with identification, to SUB 241k.  Letters must include name, faculty, and signature.
response, or "the same
standards" be applied in
both situations; if one then
also admits that military
force would be justified to
enforce the UN order for
Israeli withdrawal (if there
was no other way of ousting
them), then one is inexorably forced, by the same
principle of consistency, to
accept the use of the same
force in Kuwait.
It is absurd to claim
that since a person or
country failed to do the right
thing in one situation it is
therefore also wrong for that
person or country to do the
right thing in an equivalent
situation: it would be the
same as saying that once an
individual has made a mistake once, that individual is
morally bound to continue
to make the same mistake
every time the same situation arises. IftheUSmade
a mistake by not ousting
the Israelis, then to refuse
to oppose the Iraqis with
force if necessary is to make
exactly the same mistake
If the point is that military force should never be
used, then those who believe
this should make the point
and skip the sophistry, and
accept the fact that in their
well-meaning if shortsighted belief in peace at all
cost they destroy the power
of any international agreement and therefore leave the
world open to anyone who is
unmoved by anything but
force. The Israelis, for example, seem quite intent on
keeping their occupied ter
ritories. Perhaps the only
way to bring them into accord with international law
would be with guns, which
would not be a pretty little
fight, admittedly, but one
which in the interest of
consistency we would have
to sanction. On the other
hand, if we refuse to fight
under any circumstances we
are forced to accept the Israelis' disregard of UN orders for withdrawal, and the
impotence of international
If the object of the attack is really to force the US
to accept the responsibility
for its "look the other way"
policy, then frame the argument to address the issue:
"This tie you've got it right—
you're not letting violations
of international law go unpunished: now what about
all the other violations?" If
force should never be used,
then (to be consistent once
again) we have to concede
that the world might have
actually done (or at least
nearly done) the right thing
with Israel. If the only way
to get them out would be
through some extremely
unpleasant and destabilizing diplomatic and economic
measures and the risk of a
bloody and perhaps nuclear
war, then all that is left is to
make the best of a morally
bad situation. Welcome to
power politics, where political efficacy is crucial and
morality (and consistency)
is nice where you can arrange it. The only way to
argue consistently that the
US should not involve itself
in Kuwait (given the analogy between the two situations) is to argue that the
US should have done exactly
what they did do in Israel,
which is an unpopular
nothing. The only options
are to be prepared to fight,
or be prepared to shut up.
Unfortunately, you can't go
half way. So which is it
going to be?
The knife cuts both
ways. If you insist upon
absolute consistency, consider American occupations
around the world. Do you
support economic sanctions
against the USA? Don't kid
yourself; if they go down, so
do we. What price your own
throat? Sanctions only work
sometimes. What if those
damn Yankees won't get out
without a fight? Will you
fight then? What are you
willing to fight for? How
consistent can you afford to
be? Think about it. And try
not to embarrass yourself
Justin Fellenz
Arts 4
(Horizontal lines are
the same length)
January 22,1991 IETTERS/OP-ED
To 'supporters' of the war:
I have never tolerated war,
and I shall certainly never support
the act of war. To me, war is the
ultimate failure of human nature.
The point at which our aggression
and greed, overcome our compassion and integrity.
The war in the Gulf has begun
and there are many who suggest
we should support it. I will not
support it, I will only hope for its
end. I wish for the safety of all our
servicemen and all their servicemen in the hopes that casualties
are kept to a minimum.
As a Canadian, I hope our involvement in the Gulf continues to
be non-aggressive. However, with
the events of recent days and the
government's ratification of
upscaling our involvement this
seems highly unlikely. It disappoints me that Canada's reputation
as a peace-keeping nation is being
threatened. It has been this
reputation which has made me
proud to be a Canadian.
There are those I have talked
to who treat the war as a game.
After hearing ofthe Iraqi bombing
of Tel Aviv someone had the gall to
say to me, "Hey, they're not playing fair". War is never fair, only
brutal and unkind. Do these people
believe there are no innocents in
Iraq? Do these people believe that
none of these innocents have been
hurt or killed due to Allied bombings? We must never glorify our
actions of war for there has never
been and never will be a civilized
You can choose your reasons
for why the war started. It is
always so much easier to start and
justify a war that is not in your
own backyard. I would say that oil
has played a large part in the actions; ego as well. If you disagree
and accept the self-justifications
of politicians then answer me these
questions. What did the world do
when China invaded Tibet? What
did the world do a several years
ago when Saddam Hussein committed genocide on the Kurdish
people of Norther Iraq? Were the
terrible atrocities committed in
The corporate
Although it may be old news,
the sense of euphoria I felt when
the news of Toronto's failed Olympic bid was announced, still remains. In fact, J.J. Walker ofthe
now defunct T.V. series Good
Times could sum up how I felt that
day, DYNAMITE!!!
I should point out that I lived
in Toronto for 27 years, I know
Paul Henderson (head of Olympic
organizing committee) and I can
honestly say my personal feelings
towards the man did notinfluence
my view ofthe bid. I have always
felt that the Olympics would cause
more harm than good for the city.
The Olympic games have ballooned into a monstrous event
which not only shows off athletic
prowess but also corporate power.
Toronto's Olympic bid did not stem
from a cohesive society which
unanimously supported the idea.
The bid was not made to further
amateur sport or to provide "a
vehicle for community participation and social justice" as one
Toronto Star editorial suggested.
The society was far from being
completely behind the bid as illustrated by a section of Stephen
Brunt's article which appeared in
the Globe and Mail shortly after
the news ofthe failed bid:
"And then there are the rest of
us who feel queasy about the
Olympic movement, who find the
whole idea of toadying before the
I.O.C. sleazy and degrading, who
saw all of those enormous dollar
figures being flung around as
though they were pocket change
and wondered whether this was
something that ought to be a political and society
priority in the
first place."
The desire
for the Olympic
Games came
from a deep insecurity which has
blanketed Toronto, it was seen as
one of the final steps in the relentless climb to "World Class"
status. The problem with this
"climb" is that no one has considered what "World Class" means
and where does it lead Toronto.
Again Stephen Brunt's article:
"Now that the mad dash to
prove something by staging a big,
empty spectacle is behind us,
maybe it's time to reconsider what
world class could really mean."
Everyone is aware ofthe tangible problems with "hosting" this
spectacle, transportation, traffic,
crowds, tickets, infrastructure
changes and repairs along with
taxes to name just a few. It is the
intangibles which the backers of
the bid did not consider. The
Olympic Games would only divert
attention away from Toronto's real
problems. There is more to the
Games than the bottom line, the
image/tourism boost and the housing it potentially will provide after
the party is
Through continual migration and economic expansion, Toronto has put
itself in a position where there are
many different society interests
and issues to deal with, affordable
housing being only one. The people
who control Toronto have been
pushing and pulling it in many
directions: the only goal is for
Toronto to achieve an undefined
"World Class" title. The intangibles, the very essence of a society
must be firmly established before
such a mega-project is undertaken.
The foundation must be solid
enough to support the very
"hugeness" of the Olympics.
The very soul of Toronto has
been penetrated by an unprecedented level of insecurity,
directionless progression and a
senseless desire to be perceived
by others as something which is
undefinable. Of course Toronto
must determine its identity. It
must have direction for the future before supporting such a
project. Toronto's populace must
become alotmore unifiedin their
perception of what the city is,
where the city is going and how it
will get there.
At such a critical stage for
Toronto and its future direction,
it seems selfish to even suggest
"hosting" a 2-3 week extravaganza. Finally, as Stephen Brunt
also wrote:
"And they should consider,
as well, that Toronto was once a
city thatfound pride notin Olympics and retractable roofs, but in
the preservation of its neighborhoods, in the safety of its streets,
in being a livable city first, a big
city second."
Gord Whittaker
each case too minor to consider?
Many say that the sanctions
imposed on Iraq were failing. But
do you know why they say this? Do
you know what the figures of sanctioning were? Or is it that the
demagogue leading the most powerful nation in the world is simply
swaying people's opinion? Many
people can't even be bothered to
find out the answers for themselves. They will take the words of
others and accept them for truth. I
implore you to find out for yourself.
The sanctions imposed in the
five months had reduced Iraqi ex-
portsby97%. Continued sanctions
would have crippled the Iraqi nation given time. A more civilized
andhumane end to the crisis could
have been forced with more patience. But money talks loudly in
this upside down world of ours.
The act of war costs largely in
lives, the act of sanctions costs
largely in money. Which is more
valuable to you?
I refuse to put a price on the
life of any one man, woman, or
child. Is the comfort; we find in our
extremely affluent lifestyle too
strong for us to sacrifice? Will we
sacrifice our people, and their
people, before we will sacrifice our
greed? Unfortunately, I already
know the answer to this question.
The war has begun, a war that
should have never started.
So to all those 'supporters' of
the war, please continue. But
support a quick end to the fight
rather than one country's domination over another. There will be
no winner in this war, only survivors. And most importantly ask
yourself this question everyday.
Was this war necessary? As the
casualties mount and the sorrow
and loss increases perhaps your
answer will change.
Alan Price
Science 4
If given the choice between
war and peace, I for one would take
the latter without reservation.
Regardless of how I or others feel
about the reasons or justification
for this war, the choice no longer
Canada, in fulfillment of its
commitment to the UnitedNations,
is an active participant. As war is
now a fact and no longer just a
possibility, I do not feel there is
anything to be gained by disruptive
demonstrations in Canadian cities. In my opinion, blocking traffic
in Vancouver will have no effect on
Canada's involvement in this conflict. I hope that the combined UN
forces will be able to end this
quickly, and feel that the Canadi
ans present in the gulf area deserve the support of their countrymen.
Sheldon McKay
(Horizontal lines are
the same length)
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January 22, 1991


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