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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 15, 2002

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When iiojjie doesn't feel like horn
Home is where the heart is. Usually this old cliche is met
with cynicism. Many people would mock it for being too sentimental, too trite. But for many Canadians, it's simply not
When is a house not a home? After September 11, many
Canadians were forced to re-evaluate their concept of
Tiome.' All of a sudden, mosques and temples were being
vandalised, children were afraid to go to school, all because
ignorance associated the colour of their skin with terrorism.
Feelings of displacement and fear replaced a feeling of being
'at home.' AH of a sudden, the house was no longer
a home.
Here in BC, tensions sire increasing between the
Campbell government and First Nations people over a proposed referendum on treaty rights. Just when land claims
were beginning to be settled, the provincial government
wants to go back to the drawing board and dispute whether
Aboriginal communities have a right to their home. It seems
the BC government cannot accept that First Nations' idea of
home is different than that of society-at-large. Furthermore,
the treaty referendum, by definition, ignores the fact that
many Aboriginal people in Canada have been denied a place
where they can feel at home for years.
This alienation is felt not just by First Nations, but also by
other Canadians of colour. As a country, we have learned to
pride ourselves on our multiculturalism and pat ourselves
on the back for being a 'mosaic' compared to the 'melting
pot' of our neighbours to the south. But is this really
the case?
After September 11, how many men with beards and turbans have been the victims of cold stares and ignorant associations? How many have been arrested or interrogated by
the police, and asked if they are members of terrorist organisations? Are we really a 'mosaic' when so many Muslims,
Hindus, Sikhs and other minorities have been victims of hate
simply because they have the same skin colour as a terrorist?
Are we really a 'mosaic' when the statistics on First
Nations peoples in Canada are so dire when it comes to
poverty, substance abuse and suicide? Or when racist stereotypes of Native people are so prevalent, whether it be in the
media or in the federal justice system?
Are we really a 'mosaic' when there are still federal MPs
who make racist remarks to the media? Or when there are
still Canadian citizens who are asked 'Where do you come
from?' or "What are you?' because their skin is not white, as
if it means they could not have been born on Canadian soil.
How can home be where the heart is in a country like
Canada, when so many Canadians are not completely
accepted as Canadian? Or when immigrants come to Canada
to meet up with family members, or make a new life, or flee
from a troubled area, but are constantly marginalised,
ostracised and made to feel like outsiders.
The articles in this issue cannot touch on all of these
■problems and they certainly do not claim to hold all the
answers. What we hope the issue will do is make you question and look critically at the subject of Tiome.' It is our hope
that this issue will allow you to sift through all the rhetoric,
look beyond the myths and see some of the truth. #
—Ubyssey Colours Issue coordinators *    ) Friday, March 15,2002
A Ubyssey Special Issue
604-732-8805 All ages.
TRAVEL TEACH ENGLISH! job guaranteed. 5 day (Mar. 20-24 or
ONLINE/corresp.) TESOL teacher cert,
course, gov't accred. 1000's of great $$
jobs globally. FREE info pack 1-888-
270-2941 www.canadianglobal.net
www.recruitmentkorea.com or call 604-
Rec Staff. Staff to work with boys units
of coed NE Pennsylvania camp for
ADD/LD children, June 22 - August 18.
Excellent facilities, outstanding program,
many Canadian staff. Experience with
"Special Needs" important. Camp pay
for Visa, health ins., travel allovvance
AND stipend of $1,500 ($US) plus
room and board. LOCAL INTERVIEWS. Call 250-385-5277, email sum-
mit_bc@hotmail.com or visit www.sum-
oiunteer uunortuimies
with mildly autistic fan loving boy.
Please call Cynthia at 827-0014.
Choice of two Premium *** Hotels. Stay
6 drys, 5 nights for $139 CDN, per person dbl. occ. Kids under 12 stay free.
Use Air Miles for air fere. No Air Miles?
We'll find you the lowest fere! 604-207-
8444 or email:
31st Ave (between Crown & Wallace).
$850/mb.ph: 228-0327
18-23, 8pm. $12 Students $15 Adults
from SUB Box Office
New media critic of "new error Gordo-
FOR STORY-TELLING workshops for
children aged 8-15 & senior citizens of
Indian Community contact Dr. (Ms)
NEELUKANG (O) 604-822-9171 (R)
604-895-5830 ext 413 or email:
Come out to the Psych Grad Banquet on
Sat Mar 23, 6pm-midnight <*? The West-
in Bayshore. Tix $45 on sale M-F 11am-
2pm TU the 22nd at South SUB & in
front of AUS. Info: Janela & Cheryl
with food, performances, displays, &
workshops. Mar 15, 5-1 lpm. Tix $5 Adv
only @ International House 822-5021
Connect with other Libertarians. Call
Westcoast Libertarian Foundation 604-
STUDY aimed at investigating the scenic
beauty of forested environments. Participants will evaluate computer generated
images & digital photos. Study runs thru
March & lasts for 1 hr. Financial compensation provided. Book a time slot at
604-822-6708 or
eaoemie services
year Biology, High school/Elementary
Sciences. Thesis editing. 221-9439; tche-
any subjects A to Z. Call toll-free: 1-888-
345-8295 Fax: 416-960-0240. Email:
I Gisomeililng
Te plate Q2r\ A4 <5r ClAssifiecl,  !
tail 822~16$4 or visit
SUB &mrt\ 23 (B&sernent).
For more i
ment) or call 82
Aj^^Ste^]SlI^il= WM§^^M^:^^^W§^A
Colours Index
Some numbers to
think about:
Today, more than 3.6 million Afghans remain outside their countiy. One
million Afghans are internally displaced.
Sub-Saharan Africa is home to ten per cent of the global population but
nearly 70 per cent of all cases of HIV.
In Canada, 61 per cent of all hate crimes are directed towards racial
In the United States, 63 per cent of all hate crime incidents are directed
towards racial minorities.
The suicide rate in Canada among First Nations males aged 15 to 24 is
five times the national rate. The suicide rate among similarly aged First
Nations females is eight times the national rate.
The $500,000 increase in government spending for First Nations,
announced in the the late 1990s, does not affect the 800,000 First Nations
people living off reserve—roughly 79 per cent of the total Native population.
52.1 per cent of all Aboriginal children live below the poverty line.
The Aboriginal disability rate is more than twice the national average.
Life expectancy for First Nations men is 62 years and 69.6 years for First
Nations women. The average life expectancy nationally is 74.6years for men
and 80.9 years for women.
Twenty-two per cent of First Nations youth admit to solvent-abuse.
The incarceration rate of Native people is five to six times the national
The total revenues from the Head Tax which Canada imposed on Asian
immigrants in the early half of the 20th century would be worth approximately $1.2 billion today.
African-Americans make up just over 12 per cent of the American
Forty-seven per cent of the American penal population is African-American.
The unemployment rate for African-Americans is 9.8 per cent The overall US unemployment rate is 5.6 per cent
40.6 per cent of African-Americans aged 18 to 24 are enrolled in college,
compared to 45.6 per cent of similarly aged white Americans.
In 1998, 73 per cent of African-Americans had graduated from high
school, compared to 81 per cent of white Americans.
In the United States from 1973-2000, 35 of every 1000 blacks, 27 of
every 1000 whites and 21 of every 1000 people of other racial backgrounds
were victims of violent crime. 9
—Statistics are from the Canadian Department for Indian and Northern
Affairs, the Canadian Department of Justice, the United Nations High
Commission on Refugees, the Oklahoma Department of Corrections, Asian
Canadian Multimedia Inc, American Council of Education Office of
Minorities in Higher Education, UNAIDS, US Department of Justice: Bureau
of Justice Statistics and the Bureau of Labour Statistics.
Registration For Summer 2002 Will Begin On 14 March 2002.
Individual student registration start dates are determined by year standing
and program of study. To find out your personal summer registration date, go
to students.ubc.ca and click on Registration. When you login to the Student
Service Centre, you will see your registration start date listed with your
summer registration eligibility. ?ou may begin registering at 7:00 am on
your registration start date. Other services on the Student Service Centre
are available almost 24 hours per day. For exact hours, please check
A Couple Of.Extra Reminders For A Hassle-free Registration:
Don't forget that undergraduate students must pay a deposit before registering for Summer Session. Check out the ways to pay this deposit by going to
students.ubc.ca and clicking on "Deposits and Fees".
If you have any questions about your registration, you can email them to
records.inquiry@ubc.ca. You can also phone our Registration Support line at
604.822.2844 during weekday office hours if you would like to speak with
someone directly.
A number bf events are coming
up that may be interesting to people concerned with issues of race
and colour.
Festival is a celebration of the
multicultural diversity of BC. There
will be a variety of food, speakers
and performances. The event will
be held today from 5-1 lpm at the
International House, located at
1783 West Mall. For Sekets and
information call 604-82 2-5021.
Sponsored by the organisation
Open the Borders, the
Displacement Conference will discuss issues of refugees and borders. Tha conference will be a set
of talks on reconfiguring borders
for the global population: It will be
held March 22 to 24 [starting
Friday at 6pm} at the Vancouver
Aboriginal Friendship Centre at
1607 East Hastings Street There
will be a sliding fee scale ($0-
$2SO). For more information, call
804-255-4910 o*       • visit
The Ahmadiyya Muslim
Student Organisation of U3C is
presenting  a  lecture   entitled
"Holy Wars and Terrorism* on
March 20 from 7-9pm in the
Hebb Theatre at 2045 East Mall.
The lecture will centre around
discussions of Islamic views on
"Jihad' and popular myths about
Islam. It is sponsored by the
Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam, a
group devoted to teaching and
clarifying Muslim philosophy
around the world.
The HR MacMillan . Space
Centre Auditorium {The
Planetarium) at 1100 Chestnut
Street is featuring a film entitled
Today is a Good Day:
Remembering Chiel Dan
George. The film is a part of a
larger exibition, the Cineworks
Special Exhibition's First
Nations Celebration. The exhibit
will be held on Saturday, March
16, from l-5pm. It combines
both drama and documentary to
look at Native issues brought by
the entertainer Chief Dan
George. For more information,
contact Judy Robertson, exhibitions coordinator Cineworks, at
604-685-3841. • A Ubyssey Special Issue
FRIDAY, MARCH 15, 2002
Friday, March 15,2002
Parminder Nizher and Justin Cheng
Duncan M. McHugh
Ai Lin Choo
Sarah MacNeill Morrison
Ron Nurwisah
Scott Bardsiey
Julia Christensen
Laura Blue
Nic Fensom
Hywel Tuscano
Graeme Worthy
Alicia Miller
The Ubyssey is the official student newspaper of the
University of British Columbia It is published every
Tuesday and Friday by The Ubyssey Publications Society.
We are an autonomous, democratically run student organisation, and all students are encouraged to participata
Editorials are chosen and written by the Ubyssey staff.
They are the expressed opinion of the staff, and do not
necessarily reflect the views of The Ubyssey Publications
Society or the University of British Columbia.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University
Press (CUP) and adheres to CUFs guiding principles.
Al! editorial content appearing in The Ubyssey is the property of The Ubyssey Publications Society. Stories, opinions, photographs and artwork contained herein cannot
be reproduced without the expressed, written permission
of The Ubyssey Publications Society.
Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. Please
include your phone number, student number and signature
(not for publication) as well as your year and faculty with aH
submissions. ID will be checked when submissions are
dropped off at the editorial office of The Ubyssey, otherwise verification will be done by phone.
"Perspectives" are opinion pieces over 300 words but
under 750 words and are run according to space.
"Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by Ubyssey staff
members. Priority will be given to letters and perspectives
over freestyles unless the latter is time sensitive. Opinion
pieces will not be run until the identity of the writer has
been verified.
It is agreed by all persons placing display or classified
advertising that if the Ubyssey Publications Society fails to
publish an advertisement or if an error in the ad occurs the
liability of the UPS will not be greater than the price paid
for the ad. The UPS shall not be responsible for slight
changes or typographical errors that do not lessen the
value or the impact of tie ad
Room 24, Student Union Building,
6138 Student Union Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC. V6T 1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301
fax: (604) 822-9279
e-mail: feedback@ubyssey.bc.ca
Room 23, Student Union Building
advertising: (604) 822-1654
business office: (604) 822-6681
fax: (604) 822-1658
e-mail: advertising@ubyssey.bc.ca
Fernie Pereira
Karen Leung
Shaiene Takara
The leafy green Julia Christensen floats out of the dark blue Sarah
Conchie ocean. She encounters purple child Justin Cheng, held by
the raging red beauty Parminder Nizher. lhe yellow banana Eon
Nurwisah grabs the baby and runs into the black Donovan Keuhn
getaway car. The tourquise Alicia J. Miller sees the bright orange
alarm Nic Fensom, held up by beige Laura Blue. Her partner in
crime the pink Sarah MacNeil Morrison flys to her side. Together
they cease the car al the indigo blue Ai Lin Choo stop sign. The baby
Hew out of the window and the maroonie bystander ScDtt Bardsiey
caught the baby. But his foot slipped on the Vermillion Riaz Behra.
Justin landed into the strawberry blonde pond Hywel Tuscano. The
burgundy Graeme Worthy screams out 'He's drowning!!* The tangerine Michael Schwandt pulls off his waterproof coat and gently
hits Justin out The flowery magnenta Serena Jade Harflette takes
him away and returns him tohis glowing green melon Sarah Tsang,
He was safe.
7*^$S*       - V.
*■"-" "b*'«*jjsiS^.
The prairie mulatto
by Michael Schwandt
The word mulatto originated from the Spanish
word for mule, the sterile offspring of a horse and
a donkey, and it is generally applied to people of
visibly mixed ancestry. I am a mulatto; to put
things simply, one of my parents is black, and the
other is white. Increasingly, this is a comi&on
occurrence, outside of (North) American advertis-^
ing and television. |
In the Canadian prairie provinces where I was
born and raised, it often seemed that anyone of
colour was mildly remarkable. It's reasonable for
people to be curious about the unusual, but a barrage of "What's your background?* questions can
be confusing to a child who has never even
defined the word "background' in such a way.
Although I am sometimes annoyed by this inquiry
(for example, when the "background' question
precedes the "What's your name?" question), I am
not shy about answering questions about my
ancestry. I'm only ever hesitant to disclose my
parents' parents' birthplace because I'm wary of
the immense set of assumptions that may then be
applied to me. ("Jungle fever, eh?"..."Urn.")
To some extent, people of mixed descent can
avoid many of the prejudices that other minorities
encounter, if only by virtue of people's ignorance.
It's difficult to form and act upon stereotypes
where the type in question cannot be named.
Unfortunately, as if to simplify the process of categorisation, a sizable number of people insist on
attempting distillation: "Do you consider yourself
to be more black or white?"
To answer in terms of stereotypes, I listen to
hip-hop, but not the 'gangster-rap' minstrel shows
that corporate media presents to the world. I also
enjoy playing rock music. I love watermelon, but I
don't eat fried chicken: I am a vegetarian,
although I have, no taste for collard greens. I do
enjoy dancing and running, while I despise suggestions from ignorant individuals (white, black,
or otherwise), that I am "black from the waist
*h,f Sul&i a|i ideal islM&tanuy Mating to1 ofy
bteckj'nKJ&ers: inteSigenoe (to sly nothing of my
yhite father's Jbrmidable b&llroojn abilities). Yes,
I can jump, but" basketball skill has eluded nle
' since I warmed the bench1 for my junior-nigh
team To tM^day, Jstoetiifiei iateMne* that my
only iunctKSn s^wg>t tea|rfwaiBald|jgrf)]|M)sing
coaches n%pu|f "Wg'rf ^^^^sJMl %hink
they're gonna put in that lanky brown kid with the
big lips. I bet he has fast cuts."
Although it's easy to find humour in these relatively harmless assumptions, people of mixed
ancestry are given unique perspectives on racial
prejudices and discrimination. The different treatment that my mother and father received at some
parent-teacher meetings when I was a young adolescent led me to form a number of early conclusions about the polite racism that persists in our
country. My father was never subjected to the
interrogations about my home life that my mother endured, and he was praised where she was
criticised for letting me miss school for travel or
sports. My mother eventually let him take over
tills task completely. The two of them used to joke
that it was as if teachers were describing two different children at these meetings. Indeed, the
meetings reflected two different stereotypes, one
black and one white. Feeling defensive of a race
with which I had never explicitly identified, I soon
felt sorrow for my mother, and for other non-
white children. Children without at least one parent whose appearance was reassuring (read:
familiar) to insular instructors surely endured the
most prejudiced approaches of all.
To conduct an experiment in institutional
racism, all I have ever had to do is cross a border
\wi«i my parents. Attempting to drive into the
\Uxiitea States with my family several years ago, I
'vratch^d, naive and confused, as my mother was
forced to* give details of her life (place of birth,
' occupation and place of work, just to warm up).
My perpetually cynical father, more than aware of
what was happening, insisted on supplying the
American officials with his corresponding biography. This bit of jest was clearly lost on the border
guards, who proceeded to demand every imaginable piece of documentation from my mother.
Through all of this, my father had to show no
more than his driver's license, and his face.
These two people, who have lived together for
nearly 30 years, regularly receive grotesquely
skewed treatment from institutions purporting to
be protectors of equality. Most people likely see
such discrimination as appalling, and people who
are accustomed to "background' differences within their own families are very much cognisant of
sometimes subtle discriminatory routines.
Without the ability to make a comparison, perhaps I could write off perceived slights against my
mother as paranoia on my part or hers. Perhaps it
is not unusual for a 50-year-old woman to have
her purse emptied at an undefended border when
she fails to produce an original birth certificate.
And so on. Those who are involved in, or close to,
visibly mixed relationships know better. 9
An Englishwoman speaks on race
Canada Post Sain Agreement Numb»r 0732141
by Serena Jade Harflette
Tiny squeals of merriment and
snatching grubby hands swathed in
overlong sleeves. The little mob
swarms and swipes at the centre
the crowd. Hashes of a wrapped
dark head, desperately dodging the
anticipated rip of mother's careful
arrangement, son's pride. A sudden shriek of triumph and one
breaks away to perform a taunting
victory lap around the playground,
wielding his prize in the air. A pristine white handkerchief (ramaal),
tossed jubulantly to and fro, falling
carelessly to the muddied ground.
Trampled. Tossed and trodden.
Round and round. Followed helplessly by darting eyes that dread the
impending time to beg.
Thus my first experience of race.
The sense of humiliation has stayed
with me as powerful moral images
tend to do, even before we fully are
able to understand them. My first
school, some 20 miles outside of
London, England, was the site of
this attack towards one of the few
ethnic-minority students in a system which is segregated to the
extent that cultures are ignorant of
each other in some areas. The distant land across the sea, a land of
immigrant^ Canada presented me
with the picture of an ideal society
where racial and ethnic identities
co-exist, without the aggravating
factors of British yob' culture and
racial segregation.
"Yob' is British slang for punk or
hooligan, a primitive creature who
can be found in Slough high street
eveiy Saturday night when the pubs
are turned out and hordes of drunken young people stumble out into
the waiting arms of the army of
police needed to pacify their loutish
behavour. Britain is the only country in the world where getting
drunk is not the consequence but
the aim of going out
Th* ma&ber of times I hfflt
heard t^a' rese&tful whine thai
minorities' are taking British
People's' welfare^ m&ney froia the
government, ot if they happen to be
middle class, 'British*,,People's'
jobs, is immeasurably.'- Ba^la! *
minorities are treated as, if they |rs
alien, with no equal claim to the
country's resources, just parasites
feeding off the wealth of the country, even though most were born to
the country and are rightfully citizens. As one friend put it "You feel ,
like you are constantly being told
you have no right to be here." This
is made worse by the high ethnic
mix of poor areas. At the same
time, wealthier areas tend to be
predominantly white, and in some
towns this has led to bigotry and a
complete ignorance of other cultures which translates into prejudice against poorer areas. An Asian
friend who lived in such an area
said, "I was walking home from
school and this woman just stared
at me and started to clutch at her
kids keeping them as far from me
as possible as if I was going to eat
them, heathen that I am."
This segregation of British society is currently a major political concern. It is made worse by the virtual apartheid in schools. There has
been a growth in religious schools
whie|i aer¥ft.elhaic'comirainlties;
$iis is paWly a 'response to
Christian scHools like" Sjie Convent
which refused me'entry since I had
not been- baptised. Asian communities dakn separate schools to maintain,, their seBgious and cultural
pEac&cgs'. Religion is perhaps more
of a point of conflict than race, certainly inciting more hostility in my
own town with clashes between the
Sikh and Muslim communities. I
think it is difficult for youths to reconcile their culture and religious
practices with the yob culture they
see all around them. They seem to
search for an identity to protect
them from this, and a reason not to
join it, and find it in radical religious beliefs which become aggres
sive and hostile as they let it define
them. It is frightening and saddening to come to school and be greeted by new graffiti promising death
to all non-practitioners written on
the wall of the Business Block.
Some youths wield religious
emblems on their bags like exclusive designer names and set up
camp in the middle of the football
area at lunch to give praise to Allah.
But, in the name of political correctness, nothing is done about this
increasing tension. Diversity is
valuable because we contrast different lifestyles and beliefs, and make
judgments on them to become a
better society with more universal
values. Multiculturalism prevents
this dialogue and the making of
judgments in the name of 'tolerance' and 'respect,' which does not
result in anything but an indiffer-
ence and segregation as in the
British model.
A call for strength is needed, a
call for understanding and value of
others as human beings, as well as
a strong enough self-awareness to
take responsibility for the state of
our own lives. We need to stop
channelling our anger and lack of
control into scapegoats such as
racism, which is just an outlet for
the psychological problems and
unhappiness of the individual. • siP'-m Friday, March 15,2002
Sv-Sr v      -- min iii ...      hum
A Ubyssey Special Issue
MAR 13-23
Mon-Sat 7:30fm
Ticws: Reg $16, St/Sr $10
Frederic Wood Sox Office
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I- iris li ill li * ■ :i I   ■   'i-ii.JVA 9822S-9072
rbj'iv.-\je<t ■ • d'ntfi1 «\wwii,edu/roba
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HAPPY: First Nations Student Association President Wally Awasis. nic fensom photo
FNSA Powwow a
first at UBC campus
Men Call Free:
The GrapeVine does net prescreen callers and assumes no liability if you meet callers.
Callers must be 18+. Free local catl within Vancouver calling area. ^Conditions apply.
by Parminder Nizher
For the first time in UBC history, on April S and 6, the
First Nations Student Association (FNSA) will be hosting
a Powwow.
"People come from all across Canada and the US to
come to school here. They are moving away from their
reservations, and from their culture, their songs and
dances. A Powwow would help them reconnect because
a lot of them are feeling lonely," says Wally Awasis, a
third-year student in the Native Indian Teacher
Education Program (NITEP) and president of FNSA.
Awasis also feels the First Nations cultural celebration, which will be drug and alcohol free, will help people to dismiss stereotypes about Natives.
"People can see how First Nations have a good time
without alcohol and drugs. A lot of people have a stereotype of Natives as drunks, bums, etc. and this will give
an opportunity for people to see not all Natives do drags
or are on welfare."
Unlike at many other Canadian universities, where
Powwows are held regularly, the event at UBC will be a
campus first. Chris Treloar, FNSA communications officer and a fiffh-year student in the NITEP Program,
explains why.
"Powwows are traditionally prairie nation activities,
and they can be very demanding on people," he says,
"and this is a very conservative institution."
Awasis also believes that no one has held a Powwow
here because, in the past, no one has ever asked the
people of the Pacific west coast if they would allow it.
"Nobody has asked the traditional people of the lands,
such as the Musqueam, Squamish, or Burrard peoples,
for permission. Even though this is UBC, we respect the
traditional land as their territory, and we honour that.
We are very grateful they are allowing us to bring our
traditions to their lands," he says.
Celebrating Powwows is a tradition of prairie peoples, such as the Cree of Saskatchewan. A traditional
Powwow consists of dances and songs such as the Fancy
Shawl and Jingle Dress dance, although these often vary
from tribe to tribe.
One thing that all Powwows have in common is the
drum. The drum is the soul of a Powwow. It is reminiscent of the heartbeat you might hear in the womb. It is
also representative of the heartbeat of Mother Earth.
Treloar points out that many academics and students don't often integrate culture into their work.
"[The First Nations Longhouse] is probably the only
place on the university campus where such a moulding
is only beginning to be attempted. [We do this] with
certain types of ceremonies, prayers, and feasts and
that is something I don't see in other places on campus," he says.
Leah Ballantyne, a third-year sociology student and
the treasurer of FNSA, feels a Powwow will help foster
creative thought.
"Some of the policies at this university were incorporated when people thought within a certain box," she
says. "Now there are a lot of people trying to think outside of that box and bring new and innovative ways [of
thinking and acting] into the university to bring a more
diverse community as a whole."
Awasis describes the goal of the event best "We
believe you don't need to get high by using chemicals.
You can actually get high off of your culture and have
the same feelings of confidence and feeling good."
The First Nations Powwow on April 5 and 6 will be
held at the First Nations Longhouse. For more information contact FNSA at 604-822-8734. % A Ubyssey Special Issue
Friday, March 13,1502
ections BC cuts before treaty referendum
by Kevin Groves
BC Bureau Chief
VICTORIA (CUP)-The body that
governs elections in British
Columbia has been forced to
downsize to the point that some
have questioned its ability to properly administer the imminent
Native treaty referendum in the
"Clearly this referendum has
been designed to extinguish
Aboriginal land claims," said Troy
Sebastian, a member of the
University of Victoria's Native student union.
"If these cuts are part of the
government's solution, BC's First
Nations will use other means to
make their voices heard."
Elections BC has been instructed to cut 45 per cent from its
budget by 2005, when the provincial government plans to have balanced its books, said spokesperson Jennifer Miller. .
But at the same time, Elections
BC must administer the referendum, which Miller said will begin
some time this month.
The $9 million effort will take
eight weeks and require 150 staff,
said Miller.
"We are being iunded for this ref-
erendum, but it
doesn't mean we
can keep the entire
$9 million if we
don't spend it all,"
she said.
Miller added that
Elections BC has
never conducted a
province wide mail-
out referendum
before. About 2.5
million registered
voters will have to
be reached by mail.
Only 100,000 mail-out ballots
have ever been sent out by
Elections BC at one time. When
they are returned, the questions
and the voter identities will have
to be verified.
Norman Ruff, a University of
Victoria political scientist, said
that although making cuts to
Elections BC just before holding a
referendum the government obviously supports may look like preferential treatment, he expects the
interpretation of the referendum
results to be the real problem.
I should hope that the
results of this referendum
will help Natives open
their eyes to the reality of
how flawed the treaty
process Is."
—Christopher Collison
Member of the Haida nation
Sebastian agrees. He said the
referendum results could be used
in a way that would give the BC
government better leverage at the
treaty negotiation table.
"Right now, the more things get
stalled in the treaty negotiation
process, the more likely the
province's courts will rule in
favour of First Nations when they
use methods like litigation,"
Sebastian said. "So the referendum is really about giving the government the tools it needs to prevent these kinds of victories from
happening again'."
Recently, members
of the Haida nation
went to BC's law
courts to secure their
ownership of the
Queen Charlotte
Islands, an area where
the province would
like to begin offshore
oil development.
The    court   ruled
that the BC  government had to come to a
satisfactory      agreement with the Haida nation before
any drill bits could  strike  the
ocean floor.
Christopher Collison, a member of the Haida Nation, said the
referendum would likely encourage BC's First Nations to take
direct action in the future.
"I should hope that the results
of  this   referendum   will   help
Natives open their eyes to the reality of how flawed the treaty
process is," he said.
Already BC's First Nations have
threatened civil disobedience
should the government use the
referendum results to affect treaty
The Assembly of First Nations
recently wrote a ten-page confidential document to discuss
actions they will likely take for the
remainder of 2002.
If the document's proposals
were to be adopted. Native protest
would begin the day BC Premier
Gordon Campbell announced the
start-date of the referendum.
One-day boat blockades at
entrances to Vancouver, Victoria
and Prince Rupert harbours have
been considered.
Collison could not say what the
likely outcome of the treaty referendum will be, both in the ballot
box and on the street.
"You can't gauge what's going
to happen because we still don't
even know what the exact questions are going to be," he said. 9
First Nations claims commission to be replaced
by Mohamad EI Masri
the SFU Peak
BURNABY, BC (CUP)-Canada's department
of Indian and Northern Affairs expects to
table legislation later this year that would
replace the Indian Claims Commission with
a new Independent Claims Body. But the
outuy from the Union of British Columbia
Indian Chiefs and the Assembly of First
Nations has been vocal.
The new. body, part of a promise to
Aboriginal peoples made by the Liberal
party during the 1993 election campaign,
will be more powerful than the current commission—an interim body created by
Cabinet in 1991 following the Oka crisis of
1990 to oversee Nalive land claims against
the Canadian government.
The interim commission was created
because the federal government and the
joint First Nations-Canada Task Force on
Specific Claims Policy Reform failed to agree
• i'i a f> Jim ly tortile onW: nethuus. fhe
: ile 'if .be ' .s>k f >rce 'ajs to eis>are fa'nu^s
regarding the appointment of claims body
members and mandate.
Chiefs from across the countiy met in
Vancouver on February 13 and 14 to
express their "overwhelming disappointment and deepening concern* that the government is stepping away from its negotiations with the task force, according to a
press release by the Union of British
Columbia Indian Chiefs.
The union has claimed publicly, and in
letters lo Secretary of State for Indian and
Northern Affairs Stephen Owen, that
Canada's approach to First Nations land
claims is "based on an illegal policy, which
continues to contribute to the further degradation of First Nation communities."
Stewart Phillip, president of the union
and chief of the Pentictoa Indian Band,
believes that abandoning task force recommendations for a new claims body signals a
reversal by the federal government.
"Oka, Ipperwash and now Sun Peaks are
jis'd^i'S'Ahtre 'he s-peuGr (Wt pr'Ke1-'?
to'-iily faJed lo ddi'rf"! Ihe tpi'iilic i\*:ir_s
and Aboriginal title interest," said Phillip in
a press release.
"The dracoidan approach of government
is unacceptable and represents a step backwards in finding a just solution to the problems inherent in the current claims process.
"This is yet another refusal on the part of
the government to take responsibility for
their outstanding legal obligations to First
Nations," he said.
The most contentious plans for the proposed claims body are that the body would
be able to grant no more than $5 million in
cases that it hears and that the federal government would appoint all members of the
claims body. First Nations groups are concerned that the federal appointment process
is susceptible to conflicts of interest and
calls into question the true independence of
the claims body.
The ministry proposal would also require
Native communities to ratify all claims
before bringing them before the
Inriept-nilr-nt C'a tu-« Burly fhiS wu jj<1 •" Ae
Jr.e <]rfi::ii pitiless more a<mberb'>:rie   n i
bureaucratic, charges the Chiefs' Committee
on Claims.
Assembly National Chief Matthew Coon
Come has written a letter to Indian Affairs
Minister Nault outlining First Nations' concerns about the proposal. The proposal, if
legislated, could cause a considerable rift
between the go\'ernraent and First Nations
peoples in future negotiations, according to
Coon Come.
"We are developing proposals to promote
coordinated action on resolving these matters and moving forward cooperatively into
the legislative process," said Come in his letter to the minister.
Stewart Phillip remains sceptical.
"No reasonable person or community
would accept waiting more than a decade to
have their legitimate grievances heard/ he
said. "Our people are Bred of waiting for justice to be served. In choosing to ignore key
components of the task force recommendations the government Is electing to further
fan .lie ilniricb of i*-s>t r.trcepland fras'rdii"n
'■ttJioul i>ur i(.rrr..un.|jtr-. ' #
ARE YOU A^^U^flinlSSt^D^T^ T
Friday, March 15,2002
A Ubyssey Special Issue
7:00 Harrry Potter
9:30 From Hell
There are no movies this week but elections an
Film Hotline: 822-36»7 or check om    on Tuesday at noon in the theatre (free pizza
www.ams.ubc.ca/dab5/ramsoc and pop to members)
All films $3.00
in the NORM (Sl>B theatre)
j Collation 4msr\ tjmi sh^i li«j!rt on Chinese history; ii shsds liyhi on all of our pasls
m market Plate
#104- 2138 Western
Vsmouver, BC
_e*esl LckbHok
I-. J :ljl Tj- ^ If <f-T.-J
^7   ■* J >l* * -^       ■!»» -. ■
DVD lona
Is now
selection of:
movies and
games for your
if- ^-f^'Hi   *• -7-j
33 ji Lsj-outsna EWiign Coiumt'iaTrlilar Horn* BrUrtainm ^nt fill FigMtt H*i»ry«_
Hnu.YwaoD's two art
SJBC Marfan Pfc»
*1W ■ 213S Weslm Porinwr/
ww-ii^wss       THii coupon icy m'y be redeemed at Ihe store lotction !lM&^. fe twpon expifffi April 30,2002.
- to Monaav ttirougn Thursday. 1 coupon per menibersriiD.
ut valid -vim otner afters Elites *erit 33. 2C02 code 123
iOj2f£S££S&**;'£ &~mmK&&*£Z3fr
Till us if Steven Wrlpiit is a Singer, lancer, er Cemeilian
feriiiir.haiieetoiriN A PAIR OF TICKETS
ti see hint May 15, Spin at SrphiBi Theatre.
Sine li SIB Eitsn 23 On the basement) situ your answer!
Dr Wallace Chung enters the Chung
Collection Room in the Main
Library beaming. His eyes animated, he talks excitedly about a recent call
he received from a museum curator
about possibly contributing to an exhibit
on opium. "Did you know that the Chinese
weren't the only ones who smoked
opium?* he asks rhetorically, and goes on
to say that apparently even German
Chancellor Bismarck, 'smoked up/ in
our terms, before public appearances.
Dr Chung's enthusiasm is contagious.
His eyes light up as he begins to speak,
this time, of the fruits of over 50 years of
labour. Inspired by a picture of a majestic sea-liner in his father's tailor shop in
Victoria, Dr Chung began collecting materials at the age of six. He started with clippings from magazines and newspapers
before moving on to the larger documents, posters, and artifacts that now
comprise his 25,000-item collection.
Only 1000 items are currently on display
in the showroom; the rest is stored in
UBC Special Collections.
Both physicians in Vancouver, Dr
Chung and his wife, Dr Madeline Chung,
have been longtime supporters of UBC.
Dr Chung himself taught in the UBC
Facully of Medicine
for over 30 years
before his retirement. His affiliation with UBC Library
has also been longstanding. Since the
1980s, Dr Chung has served on the
President's Advisory Council of the
Library (PACOL). Yet his greatest contribution by far is the donation of the
Wallace B. Chung and Madeline H. Chung
Collection and Reading Room, which offi-
(: illy opened in May 2000.
by Sara
"When I first started collecting, I had
no idea that it would become such an
important gathering of historical artifacts. It's like a jigsaw ,___—mmm?
puzzle. When you have
one or two pieces, it
doesn't mean a thing,
but when you have a
thousand pieces, it
begins to take on meaning. It wasn't until the
mid-1980s that I began
to think, 'Hey, this
might be of historical
Indeed, the Chung
Collection offers valuable insight into the
understanding of early
Canadian life. There
are three main themes
within  the   Collectio, '•  *■■■ ■■ ■■* —■■■■
under which materials
are organised: "Canadian Pacific Railway
(CPR),' "Immigration and Settlement,' as
well as "Voyages of Discovery.*
The CPR section includes old maps
and documents of train routes, as well as
the original diary of Hector Langevin—
Minister of Public Works under the first
_     *™ Macdonald   govern-
[] I SanS ment-who docu-
mented, in detail, the
benefits of ending the western railway at
Burrard Inlet, from which Vancouver has
since emerged. The Collection also contains 15 rare and colourful promotional
posters of the CPR, one of which Dr
Chung refused to sell. The interested
buyer was Gordon Campbell.
Dr Chung's favourite piece in the
Collection is an impressive model of the
".*:■*'; hi*    ?,<■*' .'*•   ' m
Empress of Asia—a CPR cruise ship that
travelled across the Pacific—which now
stands in the centre of the exhibit room.
Discovered in Toronto in
an utter state of disrepair,
the ship was lovingly and
meticulously restored. The
process that took about
4000 hours over six years.
"Two years more than
medical school,* he adds
The model also holds
personal significance to Dr
Chung, as his mother travelled from China to Canada
on the Empress of Asia.
Indeed, after 50 years of
personal investment it is
evident that the collection,
especially the section
on Immigration and
Settlement, offers glimpses
into Dr Chung's own life experiences.
orn and raised in Victoria's
Chinatown, Dr Chung remembers
the rampant racism that existed
before the Second World War. "When we,
were kids, you know, we were told not to
go out onto the streets or we'd be beaten
up in the ghettoes of Chinatown,' he says.
"I finished high school in '45. Most people nowadays see that time as the 'golden
era' where you have so many opportunities ahead of you, but we [Chinese] were
very depressed We had nowhere to
go...There was a road block every way.
"So many of my friends before me had to
leave the countiy in order to practise
[medicine],* he says. "[I] went to medical
school two years after we were granted
the franchise in 1947. In those days,
you weren't a Canadian citizen if you
And yet, Dr Chung shows no sign of
bitterness. He states matter-of-factly, "I
have experienced Canada from its worst
to its best [This exhibit] shows how, within 50years, which is really just a blink of
an eye, Canada has changed during my
lifetime, from a racist and bigoted society to the present day, with the passing of
the Multiculturalism Act and the Charter
of Rights and Freedoms, which guaranteed equality for everybody regardless of
race, colour, religion, or creed.* He adds,
sadly, "But a lot of people don't
know that*
FJ-om an academic perspective, the
research potential of the Chung
Collection is plentiful. Dr Chung
explains how many a thesis could be written on the evolution of the Chinese-
Canadian, based on 'one man's treasures, of how he came to Canada, paid the
head tax, worked as a waiter, earned
enough money to start business in the
prairies after the war, applied for his
family in China to join him got his wife
and younger son but not the elder son
(who was older than 18), received his
pension, applied for Canadian citizenship, and then returned to Vancouver to
retire, where he died.*
Another possible topic for a doctorate
degree is the history of Scottish migration to Canada. In Chung's collection
there are pictures of families and
detailed lists of names that show the
development of a colony known as Clan-
Donald, in modern-day Alberta. Unlike
Chinese immigrants who were reluctantly imported as cheap labour, European
immigrants were actively encouraged to
settle the prairies, j
Dr Chung alsp sees the extensive
materials on the Yip Sang family as a
goldmine. Yip Sang was the patriarch of
i  -tlr *-*•     af ,_      _: ^
»   r
* r *
; *■*.*-■' .
...   >A>  r-
• t~.
' - ■.,'• . •Vj. "r - -
' •     - k        *V»    ii___ *_. * __" _ * __.
one of the founding families in
Vancouver's Chinatown. Yip worked as
an accountant for a firm that brought in
Chinese workers for the CPR. He eventually set out on his own and became
extremely successful. In 1898 he built
the Wing Sang building in Vancouver's
Chinatown, which still stands today. Dr
Chung explains just how influential Yip
Sang became. At the height of his power.
Yip Sang 'practically owned half of
Chinatown,* with his four wives, 19 sons,
and four daughters.
r Chung tells of how Yip Sang
I wrote a letter to his sons, warning
them 'never to divide the property and sell it piecemeal; otherwise the
family fortune would disappear.'
Unfortunately, the sons did not heed the
advice; Dr Chung was invited by one of
Yip Sang's descendants to 'pick out whatever [documents] he wanted' when the
family building was being renovated. Dr
Chung managed to find many valuable
documents mat attest to the power of Yip
Sang, including letters of correspondence, lists of his 80th birthday gifts,
invitations to his sons' weddings, as well
as petitions to the Canadian government
on behalf of the Chinese community in
So how does this all relate to Chinese-
Canadians today, or to Canadians in general? Dr Chung quotes a Chinese saying
"If you don't know where you come from,
you don't know where you are going to.'
He feels that the collection serves as an
important reminder to the general public. "Rights are a privilege and no one is
obligated to give them to you. Who
knows, things may change. Nothing is
permanent; we need to be alert and
watchful [to guard our rights].'
The Chung Collection is open Tuesday
to Saturday from 11'00am to 4:00pm,
free of charge. 9
1 ,'. * $7 ■*--',.
*    j :«."■
t   -     >
Eden Robinson's writing has a dark side.,.
thafs what makes if so good r      j
I didn't think Eden Robinson would be so - \
•unny. Her works certainly don't point to j
an author who cracks jokes all the way .
•ugh the interview and often caps off her - |
.ences with a warm, rich laugh. j
Traphnes, her first published work, was    .
i    >llection of short stories that dealt with    J
l light-hearted topics as drugs, violence
i the struggles of teenagers growing up in    ;
i    istile environment „ !
donkey Beach, her first novel, tells the '
y of a Haisla family, the Hills. Jimmy, the
s' son, has gone missing at sea. The story
jives around Lisa,- his sister, and' her
mpts to cope with his disappearance.
> book has dark undercurrents that are
'    er far from the surface.
3oth workss have catapulted Robinson to
1 -ary success. Traplines garnered the UBC
ative Writing grad the 1998 Winifred
tby Prize for best first work of fiction in
Commonwealth. Monkey Beach cement-
her reputation, when it received both
sr and Governor General nominations,
book also gained significant attention in
United Stales and in Europe, not just in
•     ada. i
Robinson also has the distinction of
lg one of the first Haisla writers to be
,    lished and the success of her work has
i le her a part of the welcome boom in
i    t Nations writing. The mainstream suc-
i and acceptance of writers like Thomas
N   g,  Tomson Highway  and  Sherman
"   de, lo name just a few, is heartening for
' ' inson^,
, "It's wonderful. It takes the pressure off,
because if there's just a few of you then you
are 'the' Native author, but if there's a whole
fleet of you then you're given a lot more freedom to write what you want <
> "A lot of the first? writers were activists
and that's the tradition they came
out: ofYAndYthey      UY   *-»*
had   a  personal
and political^ agenda/ Robinson says. "I
think it helped that they had powerfid motivation because they wanted social justice
and social change; they broke a lot of ground
for the rest of us, which I'm grateful for/
|Obinson, \yho grew up around
Kitimaat village on the central BC
coast, sees her writing as an indirect
response to cultural change, as well as her
vown 'inadequacies^    - ,
/'[The Haisla] are really close to the oral
1 culturej We're just the third or fourth generation, that switched over to being writing
based. It's a real steep learning curve and
some of the1 storytelling abilities crossed
r. I think my writing is compensation
ause I'm a horrible, horrible storyteller.
1' >re are certain techniques that I just don't
■ sp/ she says.- s>!
Fortunately her mother was not a bad
ryteller. Robinson reveals that the inspi-
qn for ^fopkey Beach came from stories
!  ' vised to hear from her mother about
'Lerman and sailors who had drowned.
■ at's actually how Monkey Beach got start-
! in a workshop/ she says. "It started off as
i   sries of six different anecdotes about how
,    >ple drowned ..When it starts off with
■ |l a dark seed it's inevitably a dark book,"
! explains.
Robinson also admits that it was hard to
- p many qf tha social issues that in First
N ions communities from taking over the
■ felt- She had to cut out dozens of pages
.cribihg one character's activism with the
'   tericaji Indispi Movement Even with all
*•*"» .'
\ i
i _
this editing, the book is still haunted by the
ghosts of residential schools, social inequality, alcoholism and broken dreams.
And just how was such a 'dark book'
received- in a tightly knit comimiiiiiyw like -
Kitimaat village? Robinson admits to receiving complaints about the^rather tragic plot-
and a lot of good-natured ribbing about the
ending. "You can make it bads you can make
it good, but you can't just waffle it/ she says,
hardly able to contain hei IaiighffilS^is^^-^
"But I hate interpreting my book for peo~*
pie. I think it's your imagination and your
template/ she says "I like hearing other people's interpretation, ItjusJ rqyeals so much
about them; you can immediately tell who's
an    optimist    and
who's not/ Robinson
adds with a chuckle;* -
Another     added
benefit to her novel's success is that others—
in her community have also begun writings-
something that excites Robinson. But where-
will she go from here. Currently Robinson is■■-
in the- middle of a fellowship  at the
University of Calgary, but her next project is
ne"er far from her mind.
"My goal for the next book was to write a
Native Bridget Jones, cause I really wanted
something light But as soon as she developed a passion for power tools and self-
mutilation I realised this might not be my
genre/ Robinson joked.
n semi-seriousness Robinson reveals- *- '-
that hef next novel will be inspired by
one of the short stories from Traplines,
"Contact Sports.* In true Robinson fashion,
one of the main characters in that story is a
serial killer.
When I finally ask her just why her works
are so. gloomy, Robinson's answer makes
perfect sense. : ■<...
' "I have a friend who's writing her first
book, and it's amazing. She's this very serious, earnest, dry wit, very politically conscious writer and she writes slapstick. I
think it's just the parts of you that you don't
use and I use those little corners, I don't
mind going to those little dark places.*
Eden Robinson will be reading at the
Central branch of the Vancouver Public
Library on March 18 at 7:30pm, the
Carnegie. Reading Room on March 19 at
7pm and at the Emily Carr Institute of Art
and Design on March 20 at 7pm. Admission
is free. 9
JLc Friday, March 15,2002
A Ubyssey Special Issue
In a continuing effort to increa.se the level of service provided by
the Faculty of Arts Academic Advising Office, the Faculty intends
to hire thtee to five students to serve as the first point ol contacr
for students attending the Academic Advising Office.
Successful applicants must be entering third or fourth year in the
Faculty of Arts and have completed at least thirty credits at UBC.
They must possess good communication skills, and be reliable and
conscientious workers. Their duties will include offering assistance
to students in finding the correct path to resolution of their
inquiries, referring students to appropriate Academic Advising
Office staff, and scheduling appointments for the Faculty advisors.
Pre-employment training is offered and required.
Employment will be 3 to 10 hours per week on regular shifts of
between 3 and 3.5 hours, morning or afternoon. Payment is at the
rate of 313.05 per hour. Term of employment is September 2002
to April 2003.
Applications, including a resume, two letters of reference, and a
statement indicating tlie qualities the candidate would bring to the
position, must be submitted to:
Ms. Grace Wolkosky, Academic Advisor
Arts Academic Advising Office
Buchanan A201
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Wednesday, March 20, 2002
at 1:00pm
in the AMS Council Chamber
I love my calendar girl...
by Parminder Nizher
part of Moving Ideas: a Contemporary Cultural
Dialogue with India
at the Presentation House Gallery
until Mar. 31
The truth is I didn't know what to expect from an
exhibit about Indian pin-ups. Knowing Indian society, I figured, 'Okay, a Bollywood actress in a wet
white sari/ right? Wrong. To my shock, I actually saw
You don't often come across an exhibit on calendar
art like From Goddess to Pin-up: the Uberoi Collection
of Femininity in Indian Calendar Art, a rare treat to the
viewer. The art, mainly collected across India in the
1960s and 1970s, comes from the home of Australian
sociologist Patricia Uberoi. Uberoi and her husband
J.P.S. Uberoi have been collecting these gems for 30
years in India. The collection provides a window into
Indian culture.
The pin-ups portion of the exhibit represents (like
all pin-ups) women as sex objects. An image of "The
Fisher Girl* with nothing covering her double-D
breasts but her flimsy sari pallu, stares out at the viewer. Her creamy smooth skin beckons men to touch it
and her eyes are filled with passion. In another picture, the woman as 'vamp' figure is portrayed as a
barely clothed, dark-haired beauty who tempts the
male with liquor. The features of the temptresses are
faintly familiar. Did I just see this same girl on the
multicultural channel in a Bollywood film? Hmm...
I moved on and encountered photos of lovers. Krishna and
Radha, Shiva and Parvati, Ram and Sita. Hold on a
minute...Why is the woman at the man's feet gazing longingly
into his eyes? The theme of wifely devotion and subordination
to the husband is on repeat
Ihe bond between mother and child is also evident inmany
calendars. Ihe woman as mother is not left untouched One thing
that suiprised me is the Christian content Yes, there was one of
Madonna and the child; IhadexpectedKrishnaandhisadoptive
molherYashoda-but lhe Virgin Mary?
The next display shows Kali, with her many arms,
riding a horse. It is evident that such goddesses and
gods are a large part of Indian culture. There is the
"Lakshimi of the Home* and the 'Modern Saraswati*
The goddesses are idolised just as much as the popular movie actresses.
The exhibit is an interesting look into Indian culture,
but if you are looking for artistic theories, you won't
find them there. 9
'   f.
, ' '9
Rid'cs, Tr, ■ -iV-iis, ?ip» P_ nt, ,-i„r J*..re Merchants
i Gt-.'r, i Ci '. r <*   ,-p' «> *
V i.:.-'uli
Artists rewrite history?
by Ron Nurwisah
part    of    Moving    Ideas:    a
Contemporary Cultural Dialogue
with India
at the Contemporary Art Gallery
until Mar. 31
If one man can be representative
of India it is Mahatma Gandhi. His
life saw the birth of the modern
Indian state and his death at the
hands of an assassin immortalised
him. He was no longer Gandhi the
man, the spiritual father of India,
but Gandhi the martyr, a symbol
for his country.
It is with all of these historical
and cultural considerations that
painter Atul Dodiya approaches his
series of watercolours on the life of
Gandhi in a joint exhibition at the
Contemporary Art Gallery. Old photos in textbooks and in documentaries often show Gandhi as a frail
ascetic, a strange figure next to
British colonial figures or world
leaders and even next to fellow revolutionaries Nehru and Jinnah.
Dodiya's paintings do the opposite: the Mahatma, far from being
out of place, instead gains a heroic
quality. Dodiya's paintings of
Gandhi are simple and raw, but they
capture Gandhi's complexity and
resonances. The images are almost
religious in nature—appropriately
so, considering Gandhi was just as
important a spiritual figure as he
was a political figure.
Even in paintings where Gandhi
isn't visible, history has endowed
Dodiya's works with significance. In
the image of the S.S. Rajputana, the
ship looks like just any other ship.
Those who know Indian history or
Gandhi's life are well aware, however, that the Rajputana was the ship
Gandhi took on his way to London in
1931 for negotiations that would
ultimately lead to India's independence. The crowd of people crammed
into the corner of Dodiya's painting
is representative of the thousands
that saw Gandhi off in Bombay.
History is the common theme of
all of Dodiya's paintings and a
series of photographs by fellow
artist Vivan Sundaram.
Sundaram's work is not ispired by
overarching national histories and
myths, but of personal histories.
Sundaram's Re-take ofAmrita is a
series of photographs taken by the
artist's grandfather that have been
digitally manipulated. The effects are
varied. At first glance, some of these
photos appear as if nothing has been
changed, until one looks closely and
sees strangely out-of-place human figures, paintings super-imposed on
people and ghostly figures looming in
the background.
It is as if Sundaram wanted to go
back and change history, placing
people where there were none.
Some of the effects are light-hearted;
due to perspective, one photo has a
large swimmer's head bobbing out
of the water next to farmers working
near a lake. Another has Umrao
Singh, the artist's grandfather and
taker of these photos, nearly
unclothed in his study standing
under a waterfall, disconcertingly
but comedically out of place.
But there are serious undertones. These works are not just re-
imaginings of family snapshots, but
also a statement on the reclamation
of history. Post-colonial countries
like India have to reconcile their
own histories with the impact of
white colonial rule. Too often their
histories have been erased, denied
and destroyed by a system that seeks
to replace it with European histories.
When Sundaram juxtaposes a
photograph of Amrita Sher-Gil with
one of her paintings, he calls into
question representation. Just how
do Indians represent themselves
and how can they seek to represent
their history? Sundaram's answer
uses technology, wit and a sense of
play to reclaim family histories.
Dodiya uses the powerful symbol of
a man long-dead whose legacy is still
in flux. Both approaches attempt to
reconcile the colonial past with a
post-colonial nation and in the
process reveal just how difficult this
process is. 9 A Ubyssey Special Issue
Provocative India
by Parminder Nizher
A family affair
part of Moving Ideas: a Contemporary
Cultural Dialogue with India
at the Charles H. Scott Gallery
until Mar. 17
"Why are you doing this...?* These
words reverberate in Hindi through
the small, white box-like room where
Nalani Malini's political video is
being shown. All language boundaries aire broken when the lines are
repeated over and over and over
again. Warning: You will want to bolt;
these words will begin to conjure up
an uncomfortable intensity in you.
Malini's video "the Hamletmachine*
is a part of the exhibit Secular Practise:
Recent from India, which in turn is part
of a wider exhibit of contemporary
Indian art being held in various locations throughout Vancouver. The exhibit is a response to the reality of a rapidly modernising society.
Malani's main focus is the political rise of right-wing Hindu fundamentalists in her native India. In
"the Hamletmachine, * political consciousness is the theme. The dark
imagery surrounding the main
object is hard to avoid. Malani's
voice speaks the scenario while a
drum pounds in the background. At
the same time, different parts of a
bare man are shown on the various
screens. The feeling of dark intensity is hard to shrug throughout the
20-minute video, perhaps too much
for some viewers.
Next I am faced with a painting
of a nude man with arms around a
monkey-man, cupping his penis.
The title, "Ram Bhakta Hanuman,"
confirms my suspicions that the
painting holds elements of the
Ramayana. A quick look around the
room and I see various white canvases filled with (predominantly
male) nude images. This is the work
of Bhupen Khakhar, a contemporary
artist who has been upsetting Indian
modernists for 40 years. His
provocative bisexual imagery is blatantly obvious. In this particular collection, Khakhar uses simple, yet
eloquently effective images to render his point. His homosexual
images are a brave step in the prudish Indian continent.
I turn the corner and I come
across hanging banners filled with
dark shapes. I cannot be sure what
Jayashree Chakravarfy is trying to
tell me in her banners. The words
'Walk,' 'Don't Walk,' 'Stop' and 'One
Way' are splattered across what
appear to be buildings, trees and
bazaars. As I walk carefully amidst
the banners it comes to me. I am
walking in a contemporary Indian
city. I feel the urban beauty of
Calcutta, the disarray of the ciiy and
the fusion of the colourful bazaars
among the packed buildings.
The exhibit's only weakness is in
its selection: though Malani's video
itself is worth the ride out to Emily
Carr, there could easily have been
more work in Khakhar's selection. 9
Mlra Nair is back with a vengeance with her critically acclaimed fiko. Monsoon Wedding. Her film
took the Venice Film Festival!^ storm and won the
Golden lion Award.
The film is set in the Indian capital of Delhi a
city where ancient tradition is blended with.
Savvy modernity. The film is based around the
Puiyabi Verma family, as it comes together for a
quickly called wedding, The story goes beyond a
simple wedding tale as Nair eloquently intertwines five stories which surround the chaotic
preparations foi* the wedding.
There isLalit|fkther of the bride) and his wife-
Pimmi who turn, once again, to one another as a
dark family secret threatens to halt their carefully planned wetkling, Lalit is the raging stressed-
out father with, a cash flow problem around the
wedding. Their traditional marriage is portrayed
as a learned love and a life lived well (and tolerantly) together,
The bride to be, AdiS, quickly agreed to an
arranged marriage just on the rebound from a passionate affair with her employer. Hemani, her
groom. Is an Indian, engineer working in America.
They come together five days before the wedding so
each can learn more about the other, the person
tfogrTLsp end the rest of their lives with.
Aditi' s cousin Sia is -unforgettable as an unmar- r
ried woman in her late 20s hearing endless comments about becoming a spinster. But Sia has a
deep secret buried within her that she must overcome before marriage crosses her mind.
These plots combine with a lustful teenage infatuation stoiy, and an innocent Jove stoiy between the
tent contractor and the family maid, to make up the
delightful Monsoon Wedding.
It is a film about love, tradition, modernity and,
by Parminder Nizher
above aH family waiting for the monsoon raifis to
arrive to relieve the choking heat wave. Nair allows
her characters to develop and face their problems
openly and move on.
The exuberance of a Punjabi wedding is there^,
with the musis and dance Chat tie the wedding
together: the sounds of old and new Bollywood,
Punjabi bhangra (folk music), Indian pop, jaz_
and ghazals |traditional love songs). There are
the sensual pleasures of cinema intricately
weaved into the film; Hair uses a handheld camera and films Delhi as a character, both modern
and traditional. Monsoon Weddingis a tribute to
the city and above all to family. 9
Finally your lucky break I
Do you want to work part time, make good money,
implement changes at the university, learn about your field
of interest, work with fantastic people - without having to
go off campus? Now hiring Vice Chairs and
Commissioners for: Student Administrative Commission,
Finance Commission, University Commission, and External
Applications should be addressed to: Christopher Lythgo,
Chair of the AMS Appointments Committee.
Room 248 - 6138 SUB Blvd., Vancouver, B.C. V6T1Z1
Phone:604-822-3092 or e-mail: vpacademic@ams.ubc.ca
Application deadline: March IS, 2002
Important Information Regarding Nominations
• Please submit a resume and cover letter listing
desired positions in order of importance.
• Applicants must currently be, and continue to be
until September, 2003, registered students at
• Applicants for all positions, with the exception of
the Student Administrative Commission, may not
hold a seat on AMS Student Council for the
duration of their term.
• Nominees applying for a specific position on a
Commissiqn, including Vice-Chair, that are not
appointed to that position will automatically be
considered for:
1) another position on that Commission or
2) appointment to another position in the
• All appointments will expire either March 15,
2003 or September 30,2003.
March 12-15
AMS Summer Job Fair
10:00 am to 4:00 pm • SUB Main concourse
Bring your resume & smile
Make sure to stop by our entrepreneur speaker series in the SUB auditorium
at 12:00 noon on March 12 & 14
Calling all innovators,
creative souls and
business savvy
The AMS, your student society,
needs your best ideas!
The Bank of Montreal is moving
out of the SUB, and we need to
find a new way to utilize this
space. Right now we are in the
process of collecting your input
on how to use this area, in order
to provide the kinds of services
you want. Feel free to submit
more than one idea about what
should go in this space - be as
creative as you want! Please
submit your suggestions via e-
mail to: vpadmin@ams.ubc.ca, or
drop by the Bank of Montreal and
fill out the comment cards located
at the entrance.
New Additions and Changes to Your AMS/GSS      |
Health & Dental Plan for September 2002! ■
Effective September 2002.
Premium: $ 180.00 /12 months of coverage
(Sept. 1 -August 31) Coverage:
• Eye Exams: $50/24 months for eye examinations
• Tutorial Benefit: $300 for cost of tutoring if student
immobilized by illness for 7 days
• Prescription Drugs: $5 per prescription deductible
• Dental Check-ups: 1 recall exam per 12 months instead of 6
Note: This applies to exam only, regular cleanings are
still covered as often as required.
• Dental, Minor Restorative: reduced from 70% to 50%.
However, an additional 20% coverage is available through
the Dental Network
• Removal of $75 insured vision care benefit. However,you can
now obtain up to $75 coverage through the Vision Network.
• Physiotherapy: Up to 50% coverage in Physiotherapy
The additional coverage through the new Vision Network and
Physiotherapy Network is available immediately. Check out
www.studentcare.net for an up-to-date list of participating
health practitioners!
I A Ubyssey Special Issue
r nymes by a^s
at the Gallery Lounge
Mar. 7
If you were in the SUB last Thursday
afternoon, you probably noticed quite
the gathering of curious onlookers hovering around the doors of the Gallery.
Hopefully their curiosity drew you in and
you discovered what was going on
inside. If you were in too much of a
hurry, or just weren't around at all, then
you can congratulate yourself on missing
one of the coolest on-campus events
we've had this year {and let's face it kids,
there haven't been many).
On Thursday afternoon, the Gallery
Lounge became host to the smooth urban
rhymes and melodies of Kevift Brereton,
a Toronto-based hip-hop artist better
known as K-OS.
Accompanied by the
acoustic mastery of
Vancouverite Russ
Klyne, K-OS delivered a set ripe with
lyrical freshness and
rhythmic energy to a
full, and very appreciative, house. The
vibe was mellow and
the crowd was
responsive. And for
an hour out of a typical UBC day, yon
could sit back, chill
out and actually convince yourself you
were .. someplace,
well no* UBC.
The sounds of K-OS are, in a word,
contagious. Having never heard of K-
OS before Thursday's performance, I
was surprised at how easily I slipped
Into his music. And it's safe to say I
wasn't the only one. While K-OS is
known as a hip-hop artist, his music
isn't so conveniently pigeonholed. The
rap element is there, along with the
definite essence of free-style. But fac
tor in Klyne's acoustics and K-OS's softer vocal harmonies, and you have a listening experience that is nothing short
of addictive. At the very least, the
sound is inviting. In an interview posted on his website, K-OS describes his
aim as making "positive music' His
musical inspirations have always been
those artists with 'more of a good
vibe/ such as A Tribe Called Quest and
The Fugees. Spend a few minutes with
his debut album Exit (in stores March
26), and these influences won't be
hard to find.
The Gallery performance was part of
K-OS's Evolution Tour, a cross-Canada
tour in celebration of Black History
Month. With such a countrywide agenda,
one might wonder how K-OS ended up
perched atop a bar stool on the Galleiy
stage, UBC's
Colour Connected,
an on-campus
resource group for
students of colour
and their allies, is
in part to thank for .
bringing K-OS to
UBC's stomping
grounds. The
members of the
audience, however, weren't the
only thankful ones
after Thursday's
interactive performance. K-OS *s
manager Sol Guy
explains the value
of performing at
local venues like the Gallery: "We're tiy-
ing to do things where we can interact
with people, to talk about hip-hop and
the blessings it gives to us/ he says,
'Stuff like this, for us, kind of reaffirms
The audience received affirmation
of its own from Thursday's performance. There's no doubt about it: K-OS
gives form to some satisfying sounds, 9
" We're trying to
do things where
we can interact
with people, to
talk about hip-
hop and the
blessings it gives
to us.
—So/ Guy
K-OS's Manager
Master of Mahagemenr & Professional Accounting'
• Designed primarily for non-business undergraduates
• For careers in Management, Finance and Accounting
Key features:
Extremely high job placement rates
The core of a great MBA, plus
• all course requirements for professional accounting designations
• co-op work terms integrated into the academic program
. • advanced standing for students with business degrees m
Please consult our website: www.rofman.utoronto.ca/mmpa Wi
pH|7.   "7,-'v7 7 7,. _; 4. -.   /7"/ 7 7:    ' Y "  -77*7 -^ 7    7:";   ■-./  /. 24 ■"/.'"   /•' ;-':     ''.'•'-; '"' Y 77  -7      7   7 j .-_ . . 7 "
jl If your name is on this list, yquf^ yofeYlf not;     {r
B vvell^ you sucfc Elections $re boing Kelci from March
I £0-27, (3iie^
§ &2-230l75h^
7 list; yog h|yO to come to the; nextMM footings/ §
Scott "Da Man" Bardsiey
Ron "Rack of Lamb" Nurwisah
Marta "Moochie" Bashovski
Jesse "Fuzzy Agenda" Marchand
Laura "L-Bo" Blue
Duncan "M.I.A." McHugh
Ai Lin "A-Lo" Choo
Alicia "Shovel Raf Miller
Julia "Church/' Christensen
Sarah "Lil' Red" MacNeill Morrison
Sarah "SuperConch" Conchie
Tessa "T-Bone" Richardson
Kathleen "Obergeek" Deering
Michelle "Student Journalist Barbie" Rosa
Lisa "Rip 'em Apart" Denton
Michael "Pikachu" Schwandt
Sarah 'Too Cool for School" Fung
Chris "Finger Lickin' Loin Cloth" Shepherd
Rob'The Gu/'Nagai
Hywel "It Hurts!" Tuscano
Graeme 'Tight Ass Pants" Worthy
Sara "I Can't Believe I'm Still Here!" Young
Natasha "She be Danish" Norbjerg
Lars "By the Skin of My Teeth" Goeller
Nic "Let Them Have Doughnuts!" Fensom
Parm "Shakin' It Up" Nizher A Ubyssey Special Issue
Friday, March 15,2002  S"
our pa
by Faith Moosang
[Arsenal Pulp Press]
CD. Hoy introduces us, citizens living
in a multicultural society, to a different
world of race relations. First Son is a
collection of photographs taken
between 1909 and 1920 of rural
British Columbia The photographs
show the emotional and complex lives
of people in the parly 1900s (of
Caucasians, Asians and First Nations
residents). From a time before the
advent of multiculturalism. Hoy brings
us collage of different people from different races.
Hoy's personal life was similar to
those of many others in rural British
Columbia. He immigrated from China
in 1902 after paying the Head Tax
which penalised Asian immigrants
He began by working the odd jobs that
many immigrants took. Eventually,
Hoy learned to use a camera and
began to take pictures.
He learned English and Native
dialects, allowing him to meet and
take photos of Caucasians and First
Nations peoples. Coming from a time
before Canada's open multiculturalism, the diversity of people in his photographs is startling. On one hand, the
diversity seems to diminish the
racism within BC. Yet in many of the
pictures, there is a certain sadness or
discomfort The hauntingly still and
sullen faces in many of the photos take
us back to the drudgery in turn-of the-
century rural life.
Through Hoy's photographs, one
can learn a lot about a subject's life.
, The picture of a Chinese man sitting
on a chair, wearing a striped overcoat
clearly demonstrates this. The man's
hands have a certain weariness, indicating that the picture was taken shortly after work. His face is wrinkled,
showing his age and his time spent
outdoors. We can also infer that this
man might have worked on the railway, building something that ironically was created to express unify during
a time when non-Caucasians were
denied the right to vote and racist legislation was enacted.
The photographs of women show
the stifling confines of tradition. In
some of the early pictures, we see
women dressed in traditional attire,
sometimes with children One picture
of a Native woman caught my eye. Her
hands seemed to be curled up with a
wash cloth. Was she washing clothes
just before the photo was taken?
Hoy's photos capture the unhappi-
ness of women and people of colour.
The pictures of the wealthier Chinese
men show, however, these men's complete assimilation into 'Canadian' culture. In pictures of a Caucasian man
and Chinese young man, both wear
Western suits, both have their legs
crossed, and both have similar facial
expressions. One wonders if this indicates that the only way to be equal with
'whites' is to assimilate into their culture.
Included in the book is Hoy's biog
raphy as well as historical information
about rural BC. Faith Moosang, who
wrote the biographical information,
breathes life into the pictures by
describing some of the attitudes that
existed at the beginning of the century.
For insight into how Asian and
First Nations peoples livied in rural
British Columbia in the early 1900s,
Hoy's snapshots and photographs are
more revealing than a textbook. The
black-and-white images show people
before multiculturalism, and liberal
views on race, that surprisingly come
together in Hoy's photos. 9
—Justin Cheng
f \     I
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t                                                                                                                                           *     ,
by Monika Kin Gagnon
[Arsenal Pulp Press]
ol 'Uxcit'ly,
by Monika Kin Gagnon
[Arsenal Pulp Press]
MulucuJi'jrubxs: Can,iJL n pol:c\ s-jppor'*p» <'iMtur*l rU\
psfH'I is.i;i ••flir;ii,2ct in iJ^S. 5? Cmmta's^nt vulture .w:l
Th<? <ib"w Jj'limUjn, \d\<*n by Caiu 'iaa sr'Asi an 1 c irV.or Mur/ki
Kn G^gn'in serins a bit hju-sh. AIW 'dl hi«n't iraul ut-ll'irkhsrn
bum a go-wl thiig?Ju»t !m.k -roundyou. utis.s jf < o!"".ir hiv*1 'heir
■A\)rk nhown m CYtn-i Vi'_ flac-st £d_^r*f-s A*-=a:i ul-nmalvrs, Fir<«-t
Nation1* pi >yAr'ih'i vsd b'.w k m js:ci--.r.? ar«? jctcpted \W.-j» _p*-n;
we':e tolerant Th'Te <$ a few problt'ius. b.»t we're workir.*
hr'u j;h ti.Mi!, right?
Or j.-e -.%e ar'.j-dlv just—pardon th" Uae of did turpi—v-hite-wish-
ir.g r:i: ism, painting over a very i dy find 'ktflru(.liv«» for'-j-, iu<-l?ad
ol tn'Lrig vi _n s"paL'Lhir.g ib--i.il it? ,\re iu-'is-ts of colour ts -.■ly <u.cppt-
<?d m Ca.'iada? And *>tw do 'Jifse artists dt-:d vviih \-fh\g Ccuudian
yi*t not bi'hie. p^rt of m^:n- S-
slrt?am vthito culture?
Thcte in; just btr.-v «f llie
qu-'bt: " s brought up by
Kin Ga-^ion -_n her. brwk
O'hcT Conundrums
Through a oeiIi.'o ',f
essays '",it *.-'\a:r.!r.fs '.he
works "1 a gcv»J no:r.bfr
of C-.ncir;ia:i artists of
colour—arti^'s that Tor rlie
iast 20 y??ra hav<» Ium-q
-tsk'ng <,{.<z:e of thosn
sarsp que«Uoiis—K.i
Cp^iyi ru\ t'sila a ni'riibfr
of pr£''>I*"r;s Kdil iiliiTont
in •■(H-jety.
The ayt^t Uih>: j r?>b-
!em A :t C;ign'':i j''iui's :?
\\',u"!d 'i» 'J.e reAi«.J of
:::,»:.y jrg'vu-ii'iur.* 'o lckriMrtU'i!^ ;h? ''l;>i'.^•^A.■ ol 'i'>-i
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rt.i 'r..i-r-n '.-.'t ji'j'icy :h-t 'Joi^-i t mt-r.!-o:i r ■! :•*":?
Ml'a'iciill-i.-'l^iTl 3a Vlo Jir T p'igs:!>! J « -j'-J1' Z'-il 'li.'tl   Wvh .ii!
ts 'jj.''J 'i:'o:i '-••:<, r.:-\A:c '-'ur uNr-i o^.-:i i-t-r.'is l-i ^hf'.'i^)
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'j;-i't wh:.p i-l-i':.:e *o :r...i".'A'l ''s ;;-lt;-" 'i •■r:y  ?• <'h --rt>
\/'..\   ::'-i; :i.'ij1!,i:;-!
Mi'!".':^', ,jj.-i h. r '...^ir J; it 'vt .' i* :y ■■ .':t "I: j'.-'-ii'N
p--'_- ••. i" -a r.'::^, "a h -,i '.'i"l '. Y-.y i-" 'I •» -i.i" '■ ly liy K_i G ;,,';.
Sh>; .- '► -i Mlt-J^.--i :S ::■-: '-'v,  "s '-.iTlf i.v -n 1 .■, -,-.;. .r'_=;i' -.>
he v.-JJiorft 'iii('Ji' !vl,\;-« :i   .r'.^'s . f -«\\ ■■ i   -.:A   l~<
u's t-s-j\s ■•vi'li,:i» "}:• ny ^'-j..' •?
h.'^'ia *»f .rl' i
f".i-;s '-i--f r:ii:cis.::i riid i-'t'iH Th.'y ,i!>' nch, ■!• lac1 t
f"o\& 'i at J*> n.Tsj "J" .i-i '"ir.;.g up < t-'iuri'lr,"-'? •■•A \
!u.l a!s-i !rV H j::~-.vtT ««.r>"e oft: - :si. Of..-.   h-1 a'^Afrs ■
..ah S:I
•-  i'.l.'lB
L'.-l 'Vn -ifit'u, r.ite ha« r«'\t-r 'ji-- :i a cir
i'i:d easv but-ini«B 9
—Ron Nur/dsah
Live and Learn
1 he Wa'seda Oregon Projjrains'tjkc Nonh Ami'rican and imernauiiii.J siudcnis
to the prestigious \X'asi'ii.i University, Ibkyo, Japan for academic programs of
Japanese language and tonipaianve US-Japan Societies study:
• Wavt'da Oregon .Summer Japanese Program
July 10 - August 20. 2002
• Waseda Oregon transnational Program
January 15 - June 27. 2003
Scholarships of up-io SI000 are available for the Transnational Program.
For more inforriurion, contact:
Waseda Oregon Office
Portland State University
(800) 823-7938 wwTv.wasedaoregon.org
: it's thattjffi6ipf'^ar^aK
, RANJR th& Upysise/s arirlual literary qontf st^stjppiefTieriti is coming at you next 77
R-io^ay! So took but tor the March 22 issue ot the i^ssiei^Y7-'^^
2389 W. 4tH Avenufc...^;....7.482-3274
3701 W. Broadway,.„...„...a.„222-3331
Pacific Place- 126 Davie SI 7 646-4648!
N» Double DTstounts
Perm or Color
2369 W. 4th Avenue 482-3274
3701 W. Broodway. 222-3331
Pacific Place, 126 Davie St.. 646-4648
No Double Discounts
<^h&Vlastec§\    Expires 4/15/02   mm c^ait5Master§.
2389 W. 4tnJWeiuie-.7„Y7.482-3274-
3701 W. Broadway..:...7......-i.222-333li
Pacific Place, 126 Davie St.Y,.:..646-4648
No Double Discounts
44 txpires4/15/02 ■1
Friday, March 15,2002
A Ubyssey Special Issue
by Donovan Kiiehn
My mom stopped George* Wallace,^
Sight in his tracks. Seventeen-years-.'
old and 'using nothing but her hands,
she stopped the man who ran four
times for the presidency of the
United States who she believed would '
keep the southern United States seg-"
regated and in the past     -   »      J "*
My mother was raised by her
grandmother, her extended family
$nd the Catholic Church in the small
town of Savannah, Georgia. She was
alive "at an amazing time. Almost 100
years after the American Civil War
and Reconstruction failed to end the
oppression of black people in the
southern US, blacks had found their
voice in the growing movement for
civil rights.
In the southern states, segregation was trying to hold on. It was
enforced through the legal 'thuggery'
of local police, as well as the illegal
'thuggery' and murder perpetrated
by the Ku Klux Wan. One of the most
unabashedly racist politicians in the
south was Alabama's governor,
George Wallace.
When Wallace began his political
career in the 1940s, he was seen as a
liberal" and he even campaigned for
governor of Alabama with the support of the National Association for
the Advancement of Coloured People
(NAACP), America's oldest black
organisation. Wallace was defeated
by an. opponent that hfe felt was more
; racisj than him.: After that, he
declared that in the future he would
be the "'loudest and most impassioned voice" calling for racial segre-
i gatpn. He kept his promise and, after
at EJasiy campaign in 1962, Wallace
waS elected the governor of Alabama.
Once elected, Wallace's support
for segregation grew. In June 1963,
he, along with armed state troopers,
stood in the path of two black students to prevent them from registering for classes at the University of
Alabama. It took direct intervention
by President Kennedy and the
Alabama National Guard to allow the
students to attend classes.
In September 1963, Wallace
ordered state police to go to the
major cities in Alabama (Huntsville,
Mobile, Tuskegee and Birmingham)
to prevent the newly integrated pub-
he schools from being opened After
one person was killed, the federal
government intervened again.
, In March 1965, Alabama State
Troopers, with dogs, whips and tear
gas, attacked a march that was promoting voter registration. The violence in Alabama was televised
throughout the US and internationally. The public's horrified reaction is
reputed to have helped President
Lyndon Johnson get the 1965 Voting
Rights Act, designed to ensure that all
people had the right to vote, passed
through the US Houses of Congress.
In 1964, and in three subsequent elections, Wallace ran for the
US presidency to promote his belief
that whites and blacks should live
But wait a second, this is a story
about my mom.
It was in this turbulent time that
my mother had graduated and was
looking for work. She had been active
in the Civil Rights Movement and she
wanted to help others who were in
need. She eventually joined a program called Vista.
Vista was established in 1964 as a
domestic version of the US Peace
Corps. Vista's goal was to eliminate
'poverty in the midst of plenty* and
to provide people with 'the opportunity to live in decency and dignity.*
The program still exists today as
Americorps, and in the 38 years
since its inception, it has had more
than 100,000 participants.
My mother was assigned to work
in Miami, Florida. Before starting
work, her group of Vista volunteers
were invited to the State House in
Tallahassee to meet Florida's
Governor. The Vista organisers, concerned that the program was still new
and reliant on various state agencies
for support and funding, implored
the volunteers not to do anything 'disruptive.' So off they went to Florida's
legislature, promising to be on their
best behaviour.
Now, as luck would have it,
there was another guest in
Tallahassee at that time. Governor
George Wallace was in Florida for a
conference of state governors. The
Vista volunteers were in for a treat:
not only would they be addressed
by the governor of Florida, but they
would also hear from Governor
George Wallace himself.
After a brief speech by the
Governor of Florida, Wallace took the
podium. My mother sat there, angry.
Here was a man who had spent his
political career trying to stop blacks
and whites from eating together,
studying together, even sitting together on buses. She had to do something
to express her displeasure.
After polite applause, Wallace
began his remarks. 'It is a pleasure
for me to be here in the state of
Then from the back of the
Chamber came clapping. Eveiyone
turned around to see what was going
on. What they saw was a skinny, 17-
year-old black woman applauding
with vigor. The other Vista volunteers
got to their feet and began clapping
as well. Then others, until there was a
s I mi ;
standing ovation. Eventually, it died
down and eveiyone retook their
"Thank you for your enthusiasm.
Now as I was saying...'
Once again Wallace was greeted
by applause from the same little,
black woman at the back of the room.
And so began an elaborate tango
in the Florida State House. Both partners knew their parts: one would
lead, trying to speak; the other would
follow, starting to clap. But the leader
would falter, and be overtaken by
applause, which started individually,
but was quickly joined by dozens, and
then hundreds of hands.
This dance went on and on until
finally, one dance partner realised
that he didn't want to lead any more,
and he left the dance floor. Wallace
walked away from the podium, his
speech left unsaid
George Wallace, governor of the
24th largest state in the union, four-
time challenger for the presidency of
the United States of America, the
man who tried to stop children from
attending integrated schools: he met
his match in a 17-year-old girL My
mom. 9
—Donovan Kuehn is UBC graduate
currently living in Japan. His mother,
Sadie Kuehn, is a community activist
and former Vancouver School Board
Trustee, who lives in Vancouver, BC.
On neverending riolsjiee in the iViiddle llnsi
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon recently
told reporters that the Israeli military must "hit
Palestinians hard,' and inflict "heavy casualties' to force them to comply with military rule.
He argued that Israel is in a 'state of war'; but
the term 'war' cannot adequately describe the
horror which has been brought upon the
Palestinian people. No, this is not a war—it's a
slaughter. For the last several weeks, Israel has
escalated its attacks on civilians, property and
institutions, showing little mercy or discrimination. Recently, Israeli tanks and troops
backed by AH-40 Apache helicopter gunships
have invaded and laid siege to numerous
Palestinian refugee camps, indiscriminately
rounding up and detaining thousands of men
and boys accused of no specific crime, and
ordered them to leave their households and
surrender to the Israeli military. Over the last
three weeks, more than 150 Palestinians, mostly civilians, have been killed. Buildings, including four elementary schools, have been
bombed Ambulances and medical personnel
who attend to Palestinian victims have been
attacked by the army and, in many cases, prevented from attending to the wounded. The
utter brutality and cruelty of Israeli occupation
has once again reached horrific proportions.
As the Israeli regime continues this deliberate campaign to inflict terror and violence on
an entire people, the world community has for
the most part chosen to stand by and watch.
Israel's staunchest ally, the United States, has at
times issued light criticism tpwards Israeli polij
ties, but such criticism is far from compelling.
In the eyes of many, the United States government, in its unconditional political,, financial
and military support of Israel's occupation, has
made itself an accomplice to Israel's atrocities.
Words, coming out of Washington, are of little
value. Colin Powell and other leading figures in
George W. Bush's administration are fond of
saying that they want to 'stop the violence,* but
have shown themselves to be completely disinterested in stopping the 35-year illegal military
occupation which is wholly behind the violence
in the first place.
Foreign policy, both American and
Canadian, and the media's view of the conflict,
are shaped by a false paradigm of equivalence.
We are presented with the image of a moral
equivalence between the occupiers and the
occupied, and a military equivalence between a
nuclear power_and teenagers throwing stones.
One side maintains a huge occupation army
outside its internationally recognised borders,
in someone else's land for the sole purpose of
taking that land from those people and giving it
to well armed settlers, preventing the freedom
and independence of those it dispossesses. It's
only against the backdrop of false equivalence
that it becomes possible to make the preposter
ous claim that Israel is somehow the victim and
Palestine the aggressor, or to make the equally
ridiculous claim that the use of force in the
maintenance of military' occupation is 'self
defence.' '!,    ,       "
The illegal Israeli occupation of Palestinian
land is itself violence that has been perpetuated
for the last 35 years. It's the violence that takes
the form of house demolitions, state-sanctioned
tqrture, targeted executions without even a
semblance of due process, land confiscations
and economic strangulation. Rarely, if ever, is
the experience of Palestinians under Israeli
occupation even addressed by the mainstream
media. A little over a month ago, the Israeli
Defence Force in a 'retaliatory attack' entered a
refugee camp near Rafah and proceeded to
demolish the homes of 58 Palestinian families,
leaving hundreds homeless. This policy of
house demolition has proceeded since the
1967 war, but we don't hear the voices of
Palestinians explaining ihe horror of having
Israeli bulldozers show up to destroy their
houses. Few people have probably heard of the
daily humiliation and harassment that
Palestinians suffer as they attempt to cross
through heavily armed and guarded Israeli military checkpoints, which exist for the sole purpose of intimidating the Palestinian population.
Instead, the dominant image of Palestinians is
that of the 'terrorist' who has an inherent
hatred of Israel. What's rarely discussed is the
conditions of hopeless poverty, desperation
and daily degradation that Palestinians suffer
under Israeli occupation and that create this
environment of anger and hostility.
The Israeli militaiy—equipped with its
tanks and armoured helicopters—has
imposed, and will continue to impose, vast
suffering on the Palestinian people. But I ultimately believe that if Israel's goal is to crush
the Palestinian people into submission and
force them to surrender their national aspirations, then it will be unsuccessful. If 35 years
of brutal militaiy occupation and unimaginable suffering has not been able to crush the
Palestinian liberation struggle, then I don't
believe the current escalated repression will
either. Palestinians remain united and firm in
their determination to end Israeli occupation
completely. There is also a glimmer of hope
offered in Israel's peace movement notably in
the recent open letter signed by 152 Israeli
soldiers stating they refuse to serve "beyond
the 1967 borders in order to dominate, expel,
starve and humiliate an entire people.'
"No justice, no peace,' is often a chant heard
at protests, but I believe that it describes the
reality of the situation in Israel/Palestine. The
bloodshed and misery will continue as long as
the Israeli regime continues to disregard international law and Palestinian rights. Peace in
Israel/Palestine is only possible between equals
once military occupation has come to an end. 9


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