UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 10, 1993

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Array theUbysiy
■remembering what
t> Canadakillsaround world
by Graham Cook
Canada's image as a peace-loving nation just does not fit reality,
according to Steve Staples ofthe BC peace coalition End the Arms Race.
While we may not often participate directly in wars, Canada has a
long history of exporting arms and nuclear equipment to the US and
areas of serious regional conflicts. According to Staples, with the end of
the cold war Canadian arms companies are not closing down—they are
expanding into new markets.
"Right now the general trend is that Canadian companies are
expanding military exports into the third world," Staples said.
"As has always been the case the vast majority of our exports have
gone to the US, but in 1990 four percent of our exports went to the third
world and that went up to 24 percent in 1992. US exports have decreased
proportionally in that time," Staples said.
In 1992 more than $1 billion of Canadian military equipment was
exported. More than 5000 Canadian companies have received military
There are cases of completed military supplies being exported,
including armoured personnel carriers built by the Canadian arm of
General Motors for shipment to Saudi Arabia.
But, according to Staples, most Canadian exports are "components
like computer parts, software, missile guidance systems and photo
Critics express concern over how these components will be used.
"With Canadian exports to the US there is little control over what
happens to them. A component may be manufactured in Canada and
then the parent company can make it into a finished product in the States
and sell it to anybody they like," Staples said.
"We have Canadian-made components being used by the US and
other governments, including military governments."
According to the Canadian Peace Alliance, 79 percent ofthe governments receiving Canadian components use repression in its extreme
forms—including torture and political killings.
"We sell to some ofthe biggest human rights violators in the world:
Algeria, Bahrain, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru, Zaire.
All these countries have been charged with serious human rights violations," he said.
Staples also pointed to Canada's export of uranium to the US for use
in "depleted uranium penetrators" (DUPs).
"Canada has the biggest uranium deposits in the world of which only
a small percentage is weapons-grade. Depleted uranium is U-238,
whereas they use the U-235 for power plants and weapons. There are
tonnes and tonnes ofthe U-238 left over, which is radioactive but not as
much as the enriched stuff.
"Depleted uranium is very dense and explodes, bursts into flames, on
impact. They put that on armour-piercing shells. When it strikes the side
of a tank, the depleted uranium bursts into flames andean pierce the side
ofthe tank. It ignites the diesel fumes in the tanks and incinerates the
crew inside, burns them alive.
"There were tonnes and tonnes used in the GulfWar. It's difficult to
prove a direct link, thatthe uranium was Canadian, but we did ship huge
amounts ofthe stuff to the US before the war," he said.
The landscape of Iraq is now littered with more than 40 tonnes of
DUPs. After oxidization (which happens during the explosion of the
shells) the shells become highly toxic.
They have photographs of Iraqi children playing with DUPs, and
the cancer rate among young Iraqis has skyrocketed* since the GulfWar,
Staples said.
And DUPs are not only used for conflicts abroad. The recently-
commissioned HMCS Vancouver is equipped with deck-mounted machine guns armed with DUPs.
a Page 2 THE UBYSSEY Classified      Yol
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•   ii  :-
who say no are the truer war heroes
by Niva Chow
Conscientious objector—a
person who for reasons of conscience objects to conforming to a
requirement especially in the military service. The conscience is the
moral sense of what is right and
wrong, felt by a person and affecting behavior.
In 1990, Jeff Paterson ofthe
United States Marine Corps was
the first GI to refuse to go to the
Persian Gulf. He claimed, "I cannot and will not be a pawn in
America's power plays for profits
and oil in the Middle East."
For his standagainst the gulf
war, Paterson was jailed and confined pending trial. The Marines
Corps claimed his "serious criminal misconduct adversely impacts
on the effectiveness, morale, discipline and readiness ofthe command and the national security of
the United States."
Paterson was later released
and dischargedfrom the military,
but not before he was deemed a
"wimp" by both his fellow Marines and those within his community.
For Monte Ladner, proving
to be a conscientious objector was
more difficult than he anticipated.
In September 1992 the US Army
Mj-*jor applied for CO status but
was rejected on the basis that as a
medical doctor, Ladner could not
be opposed to war because he had
killed bacteria before. The fact
that earlier he had applied for a
therapeutic abortion for his wife
was also used to back the
government's claim.
As a result, he must serve
until 1996, at which time he can
reapply for CO status.
Why war?
There are two primary trains
of thought pertaining to the mili-
taiy and waritself. The first, which
seems to be the most predominant in a culture of nationalism,
is that war is fighting for the
right—fighting for goodness and
freedom. The second notion often
stems from those who have seen
war and the atrocities it inevitably brings and those who are perceptive enough to realize the so-
called "hippie perspective"ofmaking love not war. It is the realization that war is not a game. It is a
serious business - the only good
resulting from it is the profit that
the weapons' makers reap.
The military, as an instrument ofthe government, recruits
its officers by glorifying war, as
seen through various methods
such as the infamous "Uncle Sam
wants You" or "Be all that You can
be", it aims to attract men and
women across all borders—colour,
ethnicity, class. The reality ofthe
military is that systemically, it is
class background that are encouraged to join. The fact that the US
population consists of 12 percent
African-american men while the
military statistics has 40 percent
only strengthens this hypothesis.
For women, the percentages are
more disproportionate. Through
government rhetoric, the media,
and popular culture, people are
encouraged to join the military—
playing on the themes of youth
searching for adventure, patriotism, or want for money, especially in times of economic recession.
Reasons for becoming a soldier are not ultimately important,
though—once one joins the ranks
ofthe military, one is trained and
conditioned to do what the government wants. He is taught to no
longer think as an individual,
rather as part of a unit. He is to do
what he is told and not question it.
There is no official, mainstream avenue for the anti-war
beliefs to be shared. Soldiers, surrounded only by those who have
adopted the goals and ideas ofthe
government are isolated from alternative anti-war perspectives.
There is no outlet for soldiers to
voice doubts and concerns on the
morality or purpose of the military.
If those within the military
question the murder and violence
of war, they are seen as a threat to
what government and the nation
reDresent. Peoole are weened on
war toys, violent cartoons, comic
books and GI Joe action figures.
Breaking the mold
The military does offer an alternative. To be a conscientious
objector is to refuse to participate
in effort. To claim CO status one
decides that involvement within
war goes against the very fabric of
one's being. It is to risk the alienation of family, friends, the military and society in general. However, to decide is not enough—the
military must first be convinced.
Claiming CO status in
Canada is difficult, if not impos-
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A brief history of war
by Dinos Kyrou
Remembrance Day originally
commemorated the end of the
battles of World War I; the signing of the armistice supposedly
happened in the eleventh hour on
the eleventh day of the eleventh
month of 1918.
Whether or not the event hap-
pened a couple of minutes before
or after 11:00 doesn't make much
difference to the hundreds of thousands of men who died in the
freezing mud and wastes of the
Magi not Defence Line, to the
women who died as nurses or to
the fact that a whole generation
was decimated.
Nor does it make much difference to those soldiers who were
shot for desertion. Desertion was
considered the worse of all crimes
in WWI. The soldiers who volunteered, many of whom were in
their teens, had no idea of what
they were about to face.
They were told it was their
duty for king and country when
the truth was that they were sent
as human fodder. Those who survived lived in the rain soaked,
freezing and rat infested trenches.
When the word reached home
that they were being bed to, the
volunteers dropped in number and
so the chances of being called up
There were many cases during WWI of soldiers who, in their
desperation, tried to escape the
madness. However there was literally nowhere to run.
If they weren't killed in a
battle or didn't starve to death
their eventual fate wasn't much
better. British deserters were shot
by their own army, without trial,
the morning after being caught.
Memorial Services first
started in 1921 and poppies are
worn as they are growin the former
battlefields of France, where the
hundreds of thousands of soldiers
In the UK and Europe, Remembrance Sunday is commemorated on the nearest Sunday to the
11th, while in Canada it always
falls on the 11th—hence the name.
UBC's memorial service will take
place at the War Memorial Gym,
10:15am on Thursday 11 November.
sible. Approximately nine to ten
percent of federal taxes go to support military efforts even during
peacetime. A Victoriabasedgroup
called Conscience Canada is working to help the non-enlisted show
their conscientious objections to
paying for war. The group is trying to create a "peace tax fund"
whereby those who oppose the
military service or paying for mili -
tary projects would have their
funds allocated to peace issues.
Lt.Laferriere ofthe Canadian
Armed Forces (CAF) public af
fairs office said there is no Canadian equivalent to CO status.
"There is nothing to say people
must become involved with tiie
military. Recruitment is on a volunteer basis," he said.
If a soldier strongly disagrees
with a mission, he can tell the
commander in hope ofbeing transferred. If the argument is unfounded, the officer must do as
told. The only other is option is to
quit. The reason for this — in the
beginning soldiersmust signacon-
tracttojointhe CAF, thus giving it
the ability tortile —without choice.
In a society where the law upholds exploitation, and order supports injustice and fascism, we
must by necessity break the chains
that confine us to our slavery and
injustice. If we be called criminals
because we seek this, then let history judge us - but let us not support our slavery, let us die in furtherance of our freedom. Let us
break the chains that bind us.
Bobby Seale
For sale cheap: Peru the pillage of a country
by Taivo Evard
Economic intervention remains one of the most effective
weapons of warfare used to oppress nations ofthe South, though
its effects are usually overshadowed by placing emphasis on military actions.
Media critic Rick Angell said
"disinformation is central to the
US government's campaign to build
That intervention includes not
only high-level, high-intensify military attacks, but also low-intensity
warfare,"and this is exactly the
strategy the US is carrying out in
Peru right now," said spokesperson for the Committee to Support
the Revolution in Peru Heriberto
This low-intensity conflict includes economic constraints forced
upon countries such as Peru which
are already burdened with huge
foreign debts. Loans were given by
US banks to Southern nations during periods of low interest rates in
the 50s and 60s to buil d infrastructure for US mining companies,
which then sucked tremendous
profits from Peru. When world
prices for copper and iron ore fell,
the companies shifted their investment and the Peruvian people were
stuck with the debt.
In order to service debt, the
South has faced increasingly harsh
austerity measures forcibly imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
IMFs 1990 austerity programs, implemented under President Alberto Fujimori, caused cut-
backsin wages andraisingofprices.
In one day the prices of food went
up 300 times and the price of kerosene went up 30 times. Without
kerosene, water could not be sterilized, and 2500 people died in 1991
from cholera. Inflation in the same
year reached 7 647 percent.
In 1990, 76 000 children died
before reaching the age of one due
to poverty. Three quarters of Peruvians live in rock-bottom poverty,
with 80 percent either unemployed
or underemployed.
Peru is a major fish producer,
but people who work on the coast i n
fish production cannot afford to buy
ofthe fish gets exported to US pet
food companies to feed cats in the
United States," Ocasio said.
Along with cutting social services and health care, Peru is helping service its $60-90 million dollar
payments on its $22 billion debt
through an economy which mainlines cocaine dollars into the IMF.
Peru is the world's largest coca
growing area and raises debt capital through growing coca rather
than food crops. Because of this,
basic food has to be imported, while
coca production amounts to half
the value of Peru's legal exports.
Peasants make about 30 cents for
every $10,000 worth of cocaine sold
on the streets.
Another avenue Fujimori takes
tomeetdebt payments is the sale of
state-owned industries. A major ad
campaign was recently launched to
lure US investment into Peru.
A two-page adin the New York
Times appeared this fall, coinciding with a visit by Fujimori to the
New York Bar Association. It
stated, "Peru business report announces major international groups
are putting together finance packages to bid for Peru's telecommunications facilities, a key part of a
massive upcoming wave of sales of
state corporations, the biggest in
Latin America at this time."
Other privatizations include
copper and zinc refineries, a couple
of top copper mines, two leading
banks, a slew of fish processing
plants, and Petrol Peru—the $1
billion state oil company. Among
the major state assets already
privatized: AeroPeru, the flagship
airline, and a major mine on the
south coast.
John Pepper of Proctor and
Gamble said, "Peru now has the
kind of free and open market you've
got to have to be competitive."
The New York Times ad describes new "freedoms" to be found
in Peru, including "freedom to
transfer abroad in hard currency,
capital gains, profits, royalties",
"freedom to participate in the
privatization of state-owned mines,
courts, banks, telecom, electricity,
again at Peru, a breathtaking opportunity,"—at least for corporate
ubywej^'B Bivyit on journalism
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No glory in stories of war
by Michelle Wong
devastation that war brings
is sometimes difficult to comprehend. Images of genocide in concentration camps, the bombing ofPearl
Harbour, the devastation in Europe, and of the lasting horrors of
the atomic bombs in Japan arise
when one thinks of World War II.
But there is more.
Picture life as a young girl in
Hong Kong, 1941. Think of thejoy
and expectation that the coming of
christmas brings despite the
rumours that the Japanese might
attack. Then, hear the sirens
screaming in the streets. The sight
of smoke coming from the city and
the puzzlementofadults giving way
to fear are the only explanations
you get for being suddenly thrust
down into the basement of your
apartment block.
becomes scarce. People are put
on ration coupons but you feel secure. After all, your father is in
charge of food distribution in your
district. Access to food is much easier
for your family than for others. But
there are unforeseeable problems
with your father's position.
Sirens sound and the whole
family is off to the basement except
daddy. Food must be gotten and it
is his responsibility to see that it is
available for the people. Heislucky.
Shots are fired, but ifs a single
bullet which grazes his helmet,
leaving a dent in the metal instead
of a hole in his head.
Hordes of people Une up before
your father exchanging coupons for
food. Your father, thinking he can
obtain his share later from the
stored reserve, gives away all the
food. However, before he can retrieve hisration, the Japanese bomb
the storage area. You, your parents
and your seven siblings now must
live off the supply of canned goods
in the house.
in the basement with warning sirens going off constantly. The
sudden appearance of a face in the
basement window frightens everyone. Relief is felt by all when an
allied soldier is recognized. Relief
turns quickly into fear when he
speaks of a Japanese soldier who
was spotted in the area. The allied
soldier warns of danger, but everyone already knows the possible
consequences that can result from
the confrontation with an enemy
soldier—the death of all from a grenade.
Later that night, movement is
heard in the apartment above your
head. Anxiously, your mother warns
you all to be quiet. You hold your
breath and follow the sounds with
your eyes on the ceiling. The next
day you emerge from the basement
of a desk which stands before a
window. The Japanese soldier had
climbed up to the window and bro
ken into the apartment but left before morning.
The allied soldiers cant keep
the Japanese away. Whole platoons
of Canadian soldiers are wiped out
because-of their youth and inexperience, like you, they did not know
what to expect. While you pay with
your innocence and childhood, they
pay with their lives.
Peering from the veranda window, you see whole streets lined
with Japanese soldiers. They seized
abandoned houses as well as those
occupied, using the buildings for
You watch as the Japanese
barge into your home, and with the
long knife at the end of their rifles
pointed at your father, they force
him to march up to the roof of your
house. Ignorance of what is happening to your father scares you.
Finally your father returns safely
and the soldiers leave with your
family's possessions and food.
window, you watch the world
of occupied Hong Kong around you.
You see girls rubbed with charcoal
by their mothers to make them dirty
and ugly so they would not be raped
by    the    Japanese    soldiers.
You watch as people steal the
antiques and furniture from the
abandoned house across the road.
Then you see the same people run
screaming away as the Japanese
soldiers come shooting. Left, right,
centre, young, middle-aged, and old
are killed before your eyes. A child
of about six carrying a vase almost
as large as himself is gunned down.
Afterwards, a truck used for moving cargo appears and all the bodies
are dumped into it and carried away.
From the window you see your
ex-gardener try to steal a bag of
grain for food. As he runs back to
his house, the soldiers appear and
shoot him. His legs buckle and the
bag slips from his hand to the road.
Later, in the cover ofthe night, your
mother sneaks out and grabs the
bag of grain from the road. The
family is running out of food.
While delivering the radio to
the proper authorities for confiscation, your father is stopped and
taken away. All you hear from the
neighbours is that he has been
captured by the Japanese. No
amount of worrying or tears brings
him back. When he finally returns,
his clothes are literally torn to
shreds and hi s body bears the mark
of his torturer. There is no explanation save that he was in the
possession of a radio and did not
bow with respect to a Japanese officer.
Then, one hears ofthe stories
ofthe captured American officers.
Their uniforms and parachutes are
put on display in the department
store windows. Posted nearby are
details ofthe torture inflicted upon
the officers—such as poking eyes
out and tearing off nails—all to
scare civilians.
Throughout the occupation,
American soldiers attack Hong
Kong hoping to oust the Japanese.
Unfortunately, the Americans are
not always accurate in their bombing. Instead of bombing the deck-
yard, they hit a street. Many civilians die, including your uncle. The
apartment block where your house
sits is hit twice. You can feel the
building shuddering with the impact. The only thing you can think
of is, "Is the building going to fall?"
hough life is marred with instability and hardship, there are
periods of light. You make friends
with one ofthe Japanese soldiers
who march by your house daily. He
sees the house full of children and
brings milk and food, replacing
what soldiers had previously stolen.
The soldier returns often to
visit. Your only means of communication is through the written
kanji, which is similar to Chinese
characters. You learn that he does
not want to fight and wants to go
On the last night before he is
to be shipped out, he returns for
one last visit. He stands out on the
verandastaringinto the sky. There
are tears in his eyes. His ship is
leaving and he does not know if he
will live. Before he goes, he gives
you one ofthe two photos he has of
himself. He promises to write or
return and then he is gone. You
never hear from him again.
you return to your home after
escaping to Macau. You are still a
child but you have seen more violence and obscenity than any x-
rated movie can provide. The final
scene is yet to come.
The British soldiers who occupied your home after the Japanese
left had painted the living room
wall over. As you play near it, you
notice bullet holes and faint red
marks under the paint. Out of curiosity, you wash away the paint.
Upon the wall, smeared in
blood are the words, "If anybody
comes to rob, this will happen to
you." A thief had tried to rob the
house during the occupation. The
soldiers had caught him, killed him,
and smeared a warning on the wall
with his blood.
From your experiences, you
learn the meaning of hate, despair,
and fear. If it weren't for the one
Japanese soldier who came to visit
and promised to write, that would
be all you learned.
That kind soldier taught you
that war is largely not a personal
confrontation or prejudice, but a
national one. It is not the individual
who makes or wants the war, but
the country. It is, however, the
individual who suffers from war.
Whether an unwilling participant
or a hapless bystander, we are all
In Remembrance of Canada's Killings:
Videos and speakers on Canada's and the First World's involvement in the wars
against Koreans, Burmese, Filipinos and elsewhere. Special guest direct from from
the Phillipines: Robert Pinauin, youth activist of the League of Filipino Students.
La Quena coffeehouse, 1111 Commercial Drive, 7:30pm, admission is $3/$5.
East Timor Remembered:
Memorial rally in remembrance of the 1991 Dili Massacre in East Timor, and in
protest against Canada's involvement with the Indonesian regime. Art Gallery,
Robson side, 12 noon 12 November. theUbyssey
Chilly climate not warmed by Lights
by Sara Martin
In light ofthe current situa-
AMS called for more lights.
The AMS has organized a
taskforce to discuss issues of campus security in the wake of recent
media attention about threatening anonymous letters targetting
women faculty and students in
thecounselling psychology department.
At a meeting on Thursday 4
November, the task force made
some proposals, such as more
lights and patrols.
AMS presideant Bill Dobie
explained the goal ofthe meeting:
"it's a feeling of safely that we
want to create in order to make
the campus safe."
One ofthe recommendations
was to set up student patrols on
campus. "Having people there [on
campus] with their big yellow
jackets—that's a deterrent in itself," Dobie said.
A woman from the department
of counselling psychology said the
AMS suggestions on campus security is a quick-fix approach which
may deter "some people from lurking in the bushes" but does not
confront the "more important problem of an anti-feminist climate."
"There should he mandatory
sexual harassment workshops for
all incoming students," she said,
and "if there are students or faculty who behave in threatening
ways, there should be serious consequences."
Another woman from thecounselling psychology department
agreed that "what's happening
right now is hard to combat with
lights and patrols. We need to send
a clear message to any student
attending [UBC] that threats to
people because you disagree with
university is about sharing differing viewpoints. If targeted as a
communist, I would feel the same
Dobie recognizes that lights
are not the only solution and said
. the AMS will apply pressure to the
administration. "You can light up
the campus like a christmas tree
and people will still get assaulted,
but it's a start."
"There are professionals that
deal with sexual harassment on
the university...the AMS will ap
ply pressure to them [the admims-
tration]tofundthese organizations
better and make them more pub-
"We're pretty much committed to make some money available
for some safely project on campus,
we don't know what it is yet, but
something," Dobie said.
Sexual harassment policy advisor Margaretha Hoek said most
complaints received by the sexual
harassment office are acquaintance
assaults and would not be prevented by the AMS recommendations which "touch on concerns
about strangers in the dark."
"Acquaintance harassment
and assault has more to do with
education than lighting. Ifs a lot
harder to deal with chilly climate
than the safety issue," she said.
"The AMS should take a look
at their own climate and do an
analysis of it—it might give them
some insight on how to deal with
the campus wide climate.
"The AMS doesn't even have
it's own sexual harassment
policy...if they're going to run
around saving the campus they
should look at their own backyard
first. They have some work to do
themselves," Hoek said.
Dobie disagrees.
"We are committed to an environment free of harassment and
we're relying on the government
legislation—the human rights
policy—anyone can go to it.
"We can't write our own comprehensive policy," he said.
Campus Condos: if you build it, the rich will come
by Dan Walker
Last May, campus planning
and development released The
Greater Campus Discussion Paper. It included a proposal for a
major market housing development on the south campus. Subsequently, support for the market
housing concept has been voiced
by chancellor Robert Lee (POW, 8
October, 1993) and president
David Strangway (Georgia
Straight, 22-29 October, 1993).
UBC has already experimented
with market housing, in the form
ofthe controversial Hampton Place
Condos-on-campus is a concept which raises a number of disturbing questions.
If you build it, will they come?
There are a number of negative factors for a prospective purchaser to consider. There is the
nearbytoxicwaste incinerator. The
site for the proposed KAON particle accelerator is even closer.
Market housing on campus is not
freehold—it can only be leased for
a maximum of 99 years. The south
ers to Hampton Place will be consumed by the new development.
What new services will be required, and who will pay for
The new housing will require
additional roads, sewers, andother
infrastructure; additional police
andfire protection-additional transit; additional spaces for elementary and secondary education. How
much of these costs will be borne by
UBC, and how much will be borne
by the GVRD or the province? Bear
in mind UBC enjoys tax-free status. Any services which the GVRD
or the province provides will represent a subsidy to UBCs housing
What Students Think
by Tessa Moon
Ithasbeenoveramonth since
the first media coverage of the
anonymous letters received by
womeninthe UBC counselling psychology department, but student
awareness ofthe ongoing problem
remains low.
When asked about the issue,
students' responses varied from
those who knew nothing of tiie
subject to others who were very
concerned and frustrated by the
inaction ofthe student body and
the administration.
"Letters? What letters?" said
Michael Gehedamu, a first-year
graduate student. "I haven't heard
a thing about it."
"Iheardaboutthe whole thing
only in the [5 November] issue of
The Ubyssey," saidafirst-year student who asked to be identified as
Cathy. "Shouldn't we have gotten
a public warning or something from
the administration?"
"I heard about it for the first
time from a Ubyssey article," said
Adrienne Lindsay, a third-year
general arts student. "It's outrageous—thefactthatit'sbeen going
on for so long without anybody
knowing about it is ridiculous."
Some students are afraid to be
associated with the issue at all. As
one student put it, "If I give you my
name, Fll become a target too.
Those guys [the letter writers] are
But fear of repercussions is
not the main barrier to student
involvement. Some students simply do not make the effort.
"I cant personally do anything about it," said Laris Grikis,
a third-year student. "I don't know
what to do, and I don't have any
time. Fm very busy at school."
Others blame lack of information as the cause of student
apathy. "Ifs pretty disturbing, but
I haven't had time to read up on
these things," said a second-year
student. "And I really dont want
to get involved in something I
don't know about."
And some believe that the
extensive coverage by mainstream
media has aggravated the problem.
"I think [the media] is giving
the people who wrote those letters exactly what they want," said
a student who refused to be
named. "Sure, ifs upsetting and
scary to get threatening letters,
but99peTcent ofthe time, ifsjust
somebody trying to get a reaction.
If people just ignored it, if d be a
lot less satisfying for him."
Lindsay is one ofthe few students who feels strongly about
the issue. "This is what I don't like
about this campus," she said,
"When something happens, they
[the administration] just shushes
it up. They dont tell us anything.
They're acting like threatening
letters are okay as long as nobody
gets physically hurt. Ifslike someone has to get assaulted to make
them act."
What will be the impact on the
current residents and
neighbours ofthe campus?
The Discussion Paper envisages a new road network accompanying the market housing development. This network would
dissect the Acadia Park-Toronto
Road-Kings Road area with high-
traffic commuter routes. This area
is home to hundreds of young children who are already at risk from
UBC traffic.
What will be the impact on the
many communities along the
UBC commuter routes?
These communities are already unhappy with the high volume of single-occupancy vehicles
pouring into the campus. The proposed development will add significantly to this traffic.
What will be the municipal status of campus residents?
The campus does not fall
within any municipal boundaries.
It is a small city in which UBC is
the only industry, the only landowner, and the de facto local government. This is already a problem for the thousands of people
whohve on the campus. They have
no elected, accountable represen-
" tatives to deal with community
. concerns such as safety, traffic,
j and daycare. This problem will
only be exacerbated by thousands
of additional residents.
What is the opportunity cost?
UBC has already surrendered
3 percent of its landbase for Hampton Place. The south campus housing proposal would surrender a
further 10 percent. This land
would be lost for any future university use.
Will UBC be able to stop at
surrendering 13 percent ofthe
campus to market housing?
The Discussion Paper (p34)
has this to say about the campus
athletic fields: "low intensity de-
velopment and low usage may justify a reduction in the total land
area." What other areas of the
campus mightbe allocated to market housing?
What is the environmental
The immediate impact would
be the complete destruction ofthe
lastforestedlandon the UBC campus. This would have long-term
implicationsfor Pacific SpiritPark,
disrupting the already-damaged
ecological connection between upland and foreshore areas.
Ismarket housing anadequate
response to reduced public
funding for UBC?
This year alone, provincial
funding was cut by $8-million in
real terms (through a 0 percent
increase for inflation). Such cuts
are likely to continue and compound in the years to come, as
governments respond to deficit-
cuttingpressures. By comparison,
the expected annual endowment
from Hampton Place is only $3-
miltion to $4-million, and this figure will not be realized for years to
come. It is probable that any market housing endowment will be too
little and too late to keep UBC in
the style to which it has become
Are there negative consequences for public funding?
Will future provincial governments simply subtract the amount
of any market housing endowment
from UBCs grant? Will the public
perceive UBC as a hardball real
estate developer, and will this perception damage support for public
funding ofthe university?
This can all be summed up
with a single question: Is the proposal for condos-on-campus in the
best long-term interests ofthe university? This is clearly a problem
which deserves a thorough and
public examination. It will be a
critical component ofthe municipal-style public process which the
board of governors has promised
for the south campus.
Dan Walker is a PhD student at
lition Opposing the University
fry Ted Young-lng
After numerous missed messages and a couple of days of phone tag, I
finally manage to get a hold of Tim Ward at Ms home in Maryland. We speak
for the better part of an hour (during business peak hours—my phone bill is
gonna hurt).
We talk about the Dalai Lama, reincarnation, the World Bank, the merits
of travelling, Nietzsche ...
V^anadian author Tim Ward has seen more of die world than most of us ever
win. Following graduation from UBC, his quest for a spiritual and personal
enlightenment sent him travelling around Asia for two years.
; adventures there inspired two books: What the Buddha Never Taught,
written during the season he spent in a Theravada Buddhist monastry in
Thailand, and his most recent book, The Great Dragon's Fleas, a travel journal
that encompasses the two years he spent travelling through India, Bangladesh,
Thailand, Tibet and China.
Bangladesh, march, 1985
Tim Ward is travelling through the Chittagong Hill Tracts, trying to learn the
Buddhist Eightfold Path from Bodhipalo, a Chahna monk in the tiny town of
At every turn, he is hindered by the Bengali police, who consider the
Chahna Nation dangerous and somehow subhuman. They encourage him to
leave Rangamati.
The Chahna Nation was once a rich tribe, but thor valley was purposely
flooded by the Bengali people, forcing them to live in the jungle hills ofthe
region. Thar culture is slowly being erradicated and they are treated like
second-class citizens by the Bengali officials who now rule over the area.
Faced with increasing police intimidation, Tim has decided to leave—he
has already been avoiding going to the Chahna ghetto as much as possible to
prevent police harassment.
At the forceful invitation cf a mother who has been teaching him the
Chahna language, bhasa, he goes to lunch at her house.
There he finds two Chahna elders.
They tell him of their struggle for survival.
"Tell the world about us," they beg. "Don't just come here to take
something from us—give something, too. I ask you as a Chahna and a human
being that you tell about us."
Says Ward, "And that's one cfthe reasons I wrote this book''
JL feel like in my travelling, I've been given a tot, and it's my responsibility
to give something tack. And I can give it bade best by telling about [die people
I encountered]."
He's met the Dalai Lama—die head of the Tibetan govemment-in-exile and
the spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhism—on numerous occassions.
We started discussing the Dalai Lama's plans for reincarnation.
surrender themselves to Nirvana or to reincarnate themselves upon their death.
The Dalai Lama is currently in his fourteenth reincarnation, which he says will
be his last reincarnation as the Dalai Lama.
"He'll choose to come back in the reincarnation that is most beneficial for
all sentient beings," explains Ward. "Maybe as an insect, he'll be the most
I asked him his personal views on the matter, and he related a certain Zen
story to me.
A young novice goes to see his enlightened master in the meditation hall.
He breaks into the master's meditation and kneels at Ihe master's feet and says,
"Master, I know you're an enlightened man. Tell me, is there life after death?"
The master opened his eyes and said, "I don't know." The novice is shocked. He
sits back on his heels and says, "Master, I thought you were an enlightened
man!" The master calmly says, "Yes, it's true. I am an enlightened man. Butl
am not a dead one." I
ou get the impression while talking to Tim Ward that he considers himself
a crusader.
Ward has been involved in the fight to free Tibet firom Chinese rule. Forty
years ago, China invaded Tibet Since that time, the Chinese government has
been slowly trying to destroy the Tibetan culture, using both military means and
social means (such as immigrating Chinese into Tibet to make Tibetans a
minority in their own. culture).
BRIAN D. JOHNSON, Macleans Magazine
ard's approach to life seems simple. He takes the eastern view that V
happiness comes from within.
"In the west, we've taken economic well-being to about the furthest point it
can go and our whole society is engaged in this media conversation which is get
more things and you will find happiness—-morethings=happiness.
"Happiness is something which comes from the inside out. I look around
and see people who are succeeding in economic gains but aren't improving their
quality of life. I'd like to get back to quality cflife."
The words of a French author come to mind: "I like the notion of being in
the world without completely being t)f the world".
It's Tuesday. Tim is in the Pit, discussing Sartre and Shakespeare with his
They meet here regularly, to thrash through what they've learned during
the week.
As ihe afternoon gives way to evening, the arguments becomes
progressively more lucid as the participants become progressively more
Tim is in his realm. Surrounded by those with a burning desire to
understand life, discussing those who've come up with die big answers. (
But with his rather liberal aits education—he's a philosophy honours
student, and is taking several english honours courses—he's beginning to realize
the limitations of the western approach to learning.
Oays Ward of his university career, "There are certain questions which
couldn't be dealt with and were dismissed. The narrow scope of Ihe discipline
started to feel like a straightjacket I wanted to break out into something a lot
asked him about his religious affiliation (I had assumed that after spending
time in several Buddhist monastries and the several Buddhist tales he -recounted,
thathe was Buddhist). Elusive man that he is, he deflected the question.
"I don't wear any particular labeL The world is bigger than any particular
vessel can hold Being able to have more than one religious perspective to see
from helps make life as rich as it can be."
W ard's travels have finally brought him back to North America.
He plans next to travel across his native Canada for a new book.
"There are some things that disturb me about my country; probably
foremost among it, this obsession with economic excess."
In the rough-edge mode of travel that he's come to enjoy, he'll cross
Canada looking for die spiritual heart of it,
JL his is a person who loves travel passionately. He advocates it as the perfect
antidote to four years at university.
It's easy to start thinking that you know things, that you've got some
answers. And easy to start parodying Che opinions of others as the Truth (with
that convicted voice). The one thing that travel did for me was just knock my
preconceptions out of the water. It made me see how many of my own opinions
were—my own opinions, based upon a fairly narrow scope of experience."
A here's a saying fiom the Tao that says, the further one goes, Ihe less one
knows. "
If this is true, Trni Ward knows less than all of us.
Ralph! Ralph! Long live Benmurgi!
by Graham Cook
Ralph Benmurgi is nice. Nice in a sincere, direct, passionate
but polite way. It's no surprise my mum likes him so much, but
his qualities don't seem to mix with his role as acerbic late night
TV variety show host
Perhaps it's time to reclaim'"nice."
He has dark circles under his eyes and is wrestling with the
hotel roam's minibar as I wait for the interview lo begin.
scene that half flie country doesn't know about So we put some
of therm on."
Ralph the Canadian
Benmurgi once hosted CBC radio's alternative music
progam Nightliries, and was the sole occupant of a Winnipeg gig
for an early Cowboy Junkies tour. He sees the Canadian music
scene, like the local aits in general, as having more integrity than
that of the US.
"There's not millions and millions of dollars at stake in
Canada. In the US, the brass ring is gold, it's fame beyond your
comprehension, money beyond your comprehension. You can
write a hit song *md make $8 million in the United States. You
write a hit song in Canada and you can make $30,000.
"So I think the people here who are doing it are doing it
raison d'etre is to fuck up the establishment, and there he was in
the big CBC building m Toronto and instead of acting like a good
boy so that maybe he could be asked back, he did what he does.
So I admired that"
The limousine driver this morning thought he was a fucking
idiot and couldn't Wait until he got off but couldn't turn him off.
He said 'my hand was on the remote the whole time but I kept
wandering what he was going to do next'."
Ralph and the Mother Corp.
The host gets most into a proto-Nardwuar state of agitation
himself when he describes the current perils of Ihe CBC.
The funding sitution of the network "got a lot worse with the
Tories. They had a real agenda to diminish and in some cases
demolish the CBC. In their last budget, the Mazankowski budget,
because they really want to do it. You don't get in a van and drive they said $250 million more has to come out of the CBC. So that
across the country in the middle of winter without some sort of
drive and integrity."
"A lot of people who work in show business in Canada
wonder if they should go down there [to Los Angeles]." And
sometimes they wonder that because if they do come back they
can be real heroes. And I don't think people should have to leave
their country to get acknowledged by Canadians.
"Personally, I like living here. I don't want to go live in Los
Angeles. The idea makes me go pale. I just couldn't bear it. It's a
culture of violence and individuality and poverty—it's like slow
motion civil war down there."
Friday night fever
t       Benmurgi sees his show as true "alternative programming,"
± and whatever one thinks about it, it certainly projects a different
£ image than the cynical superficiality of Letterman or Leno, the
o smarmy Hollywood of Arsenio, or the cute college quirkiness of
|       The show projects a certain nervousness, a certain vulner-
§ ability and backhanded pride that just seems so., .so...
Canadian, dammit!
"It's all Canadian. Everybody on the show has to be
Canadian. That in and of itself is a very political statement to
make. We could be doing the same show and we could get every
major rock band, every major celebrity, then we'd be like every
ratings-driven show that would make sure everyone is watching
"But this is the public broadcaster. And the point of the
exercise is to reflect Canadians back to Canadians, and there is no
other show that's going to champion Canadian talent the way we
"I grew up watching Ed Sullivan. That wasn't our show. If
Wayne and Schuster weren't on so much I would have thought
there wasn't a prayer for me to ever be on a show like that. But I
_. ... .Ralph In (lis Narduar pose.
Benmurgi is m town to promote his show Friday Night, which has
been panned by the mainstream media for being too anxious, not
glitzy enough, too "Canadian." He has been criticized for his
handwringing and his haircut
Because he feels he doesn't get a fair shake firom the
mainstream press, and because his show's new season seems
designed to attract the slacker generation, Benmurgi has chosen to
only do interviews with the alternative press—college papers.
Terminal City, etc.
Benmurgi held forth on the press, the CBC, and the Reform
Party. He did not wring his hands once.
"I gotta tell you, last year that's all they did is slag the show.
So when they started again this year I realized, hey, this is a no-
win situation. It doesn't matter what kind of show we do. This is a wish there had been a chance to watch a show like mine and say
whole different show, but it's the same vitrioL" 'I'm farmy, I can do standup, one day I'll be on that show.'"
As for the haircut Benmurgi "did it when I didn't even know His show follows some of the patterns of the US modeL but
I was going to have a second season. I had no clue, I just felt like    Benmurgi insists it is "an entertainment show, not a talk show."
getting a haircut And I've had people ask me if it was a marketing "We have these ghosts of all these American talk shows to
thing, if I sat down with a focus group about it and I said, fuck, do deal with and some people find it's too American a thing to do—
you think I'm crazy?" it's not us, Canadians are not like this.
'Iride my bike to work, I'm just a guy. What do they think    But it's gotnothing to do with it, it's
I'm doing here, I sit at home thinking 'Erect hair. That would do it apples and oranges."
I think. Then I 'd get that youth audience, the kids like that'
would have been brutal. You would have been left with three
production centres in the entire country. I've actually hated what's
gone on and it's been quite harmful to the place.
"CBC gets blamed for how it manages these disasters, but it
was the will of tbe Tory government They thought culture was
abhorrent, they had no connection that culture is the sinew of ihe
country, it never occurred to them.
It seemed like a luxury and a waste of time. It never occurred
to them that one out of ten jobs in this country is related to stage
and theatre. You, know, stage and theatre is some joke that should
be gotten rid of, a waste of money."
Ah, theatre. Another sore spot for Ralph.
"I went to see Miss Saigon and I was wearing my tuxedo in
the third row and I was thinking to myself, what's this got to do
with me? Who are these people? Get outta here? Sure, you built us
a nice theatre, you presold $90 million in tickets, and the show is
Manufacturing consent on Midday
Benmurgi has no illusions about the public relations/
promotional machine surrounding so much of today's news and
entertainment shows.
'1 started noticing when I was working on Midday that you
start getting invitations to these things where the small print is
'you're going to be co-opted. Leam to love it. Please show up at
this thing dressed like this.' You tend to become part of the
establishment quite quickly."
"I've always been an outsider. I've never been comfortable
with insider stuff. An immigrant kid, we were working-class
people, I go to these functions with these people with lots of
money and even if I go to a fancy restaurant I feel like I have to
say something really defensive when I walk in like 'I've got a
Gold Card! I've got a Gold Card!'
"There are power elites, and one of the power elites is the top
echelon of media. So [Globe and Mail editor William] Thorsell
hangs out with Connie Black and all these other guys and do their
schtick. I'm terrified of that stuff. I didn't want to do a show that
bought into that and said 'here we go with just the people you've
all approved of.' I don't give a fuck."
Benmurgi is nice. Long live Benmurgi
by Simon Matijasevic.
Bugs inside is right. What the hell was
going on here? The lead singer/poet Terry Crane
killed the experience. He was terrible. The rest of
the group was good—well, pretty good. But the
guy out front was making my life harder than it
should be. The poems or whatever he was saying,
man it was just horrible shit
Bugs Inside
Glass Slipper
6 November
The whole God damned thing was a
nightmare. First, I get there an time, which is
really difficult for a guy like me, only I'm not on
time I'm an hour and a half early. So I stand out
on the street waiting for my friend Dave to get
there and some freak comes up to me to ask just
what the hell that place is. I tell him its a jazz
club man. He looks at me like "Yeah Right"
Thai he walks up the stairs and into the club.
Probably to take a piss or something. So I stand
there, leaning against the street lamp like some
underpaid whore without a pimp, waiting for my
not too punctual friend to arrive. He gets there. I
We're in Starbuck's on Cornwall. It's way
too clean in here. How's the novel coming.
Good What do you think so far. You need more
sex and guns in it Good idea. You should work
on your novel too SL Too busy writing papers
and bad reviews for the Ubyssey. Shitty. Yeah
let's go.
We arrive again. Sitting, me with a beer,
Dave with a soft drink Dave's on the wagon this
week. He's not an alcoholic, just poor. No
smokes either. They look pretty cool. Looks are,
as the saying goes, deceiving.
Now just a minute, I don't want to nail
everyone in the group. They were pretty good
Really. But that poetry shit that was terrible. I'm
not Wallace Stevens but I know bad poetry when
I hear it. I mean this was worse than Ginsberg's
worst stuff. Hiat's pretty bad
I feel sorry for the rest of the band They all
seem quite talented, but they won't get anywhere
behind that rash inducing poetry.
the Bugs
He sees his show as filling an essential gap in Canadian
broadcasting. It doesn't take much to whip him into a nationalistic
'If we don't do it it's not going to get done. We have a lot of
bands that people want to see. We have The Band on. The
Cowboy Junkies on, Holly Cole, these marquee people, but we
also have The Waltons, and for a lot of people that's the first time
they saw them."
"I don't think Canadians really want a system where we have
this big hype—hype—hype superstar bullshit... WhenI was
growing up we didn't buy Canadian albums, it was an accident if
you did. The Guess Who. But now, Vancouver has it's own music
Duelling with the serviette
One risk few US shows would take
is booking Nardwuar the Human
Serviette, CiTR's own agent provocateur. Nardwuar did his usual schtick,
talking non-stop about getting the
autograph of the host of Studs, various
little-known bands from the Canadian
prairies, and other subjects at breakneck
speed and considerable volume.
Benmurgi remained remarkably
"I admire the fact that Nardwuar's
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kjpCCCl lJllggy,whoplayedatthe ANZA club, Friday, and atthe Fringe onSaturday have been together for about ayear now.
Their musk, 35 songs so far, sounds like a cross between Big Star and Sugar. Singer and guitarist Simon Hussey is more modest than boastful
when asked to define their music, "Oh, ifsjust contrived, appallingly boring, guitar pop." Bassist Olga Goreas, a student at SFU, says die
doesal^rrwrethmaMabetterimagetotheband. "I'm certainly not partof this whetefemakbass player phermteMm,'' and her playing
certainly justifies this. Drummer Chris Waltershasa job at TkI& Master, so I asked himwhaU was like to seU his own tickets. "Ohno,you
*'-_-'X>,5£-^^ife^S5!K!£**^Ls2H*f*4**!L&s AmJ Amp indhuMts) THE UBYSSEY Sports
The University of British Columbia
... presents...
by Bernard Shaw
A comedy of medical manners
Directed by Christopher Gaze
NOVEMBER 10 - 20
Curtain 8:00 pm • 2 for 1 Special Preview - November 10
PHONE: 822-2678
Support your Campus Theatre
The University of British Columbia
y^) ...presents... yjj
Jeonce arid Jena
^^-^by Georg <&uchner   ^*^-/
a comedy of the mind
Directed by Richard Wolfe
NOVEMBER 16-20 & 24-27
2 for 1 Special Preview - Tues., Nov. 16
Curtain 8:00 pm
Support your Campus Theatre
NOV. 12-13 Basketball vs. UVIC War Memorial
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NOV. 19-20
NOV. 19-20
Swimming vs. SFU
Ice hockey vs Brancon
Winter Sports Center
Basketball vs. Calgary War Memorial Gym Women 6:45 pm
Stick Sale
($20.00 blade included at no extra charge for any aluminum stick purchase)
KOHO REVOLUTION $34.95 $24.95
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299-9000 Talking
A . K Yellow
Ii 16,1.112[ Pages
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Weekly meetings will be held Wednesdays
at 4:30 pm in SUB 241k.
Find out about neat darkroom stuff, get the best
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THE UBYSSEY Special Issue    9
Crimes against humanity: the US. Attack Aganst Pern
by Taivo Evard
The US has been intervening
militarily in Peru since the mid-
808—with their counter-insurgency activity cloaked under the
moniker of a "war on drugs."
According to the independent
watchdog organization the Washington Office on Latin America, the
US government developed and is
currently paying for secret military tribunals in Peru as well as in
Bolivia and Columbia as part ofthe
so-called "war on drugs".
The US provided Peru with
$16 million to set up inquisition-
style courts, which use secret military tribunals with hooded judges
in trials.
Under President Alberto
Fujimori's government, suspected
revolutionaries can be held for 15
days in isolation, where they face
physical and psychological torture.
Interrogated women are com
monly subject to rape. A US State
Department report says that rapes
in Peru are "so numerous that such
abuse can be considered a common
practice, condoned—or at least ig-
noredby—the military leadership."
Media critic Rick Angell said,
"this is the new democracy that the
US is backing up and promoting
and defending,"
Military aid, under the guise
of the "war on drugs," increased
from $2.5 million in 1989 to $24
million in 1991. In early March
1993, US President Bill Clinton
announced that the US will take
part in a $2 billion bank loan to
Peru. At the end ofthe month the
US Agency for International Development (AID) announced it
would give Peru $250 million in
According to the UN, Peru also
has the highest rate of disappearances in the world. The govern-
Student aids Croatian
by Tanya Uhner
When second year UBC science student Suganya Lee vacationed in Europe this summer,
she had no idea what would result
fromher holiday. Whilein Vienna,
Lee andher father decided to visit
afamilyfriendin nearby Croatia—
an experience which changed her
NotonlydidLee witness firsthand the ravages of war, but she
raised funds for an orphanage in
Lipik, near the Bosnian border
which had been almost destroyed
by bullets and artillery shells.
"Seeing the faces ofthe children in the middle of a war-torn
country really affects you. Ifs
somethingyouneverforget. These
children look happy, yet I could
feel the fear and see the terror in
their faces... just waiting for the
next mortar to fall," Lee said.
The orphanage is multi-ethnic, allowing innocent victims of
Serbian, Croatian and Muslim descent alike a place to call home. As
a result ofthe bloodshed, it will be
the only home they will know.
Lee hopes in the future the
orphanage will provide a stable
contribution to the community's
economy, creating jobs in
Lee discovered this orphanage while she was volunteering as
an English teacher to Croatians
in Daruvar. 1500 UN peacekeeping soldiers (UNPROFOR) were
stationed there at the time. As the
only other Canadians around, she
and her father became instant
celebrities amongst the soldiers.
"I felt the Canadian UN soldiers in Daruvar really went out
of their way to help. I was very
impressed, not onlybythe United
Nations, but the UNHCR [UN
High Commission for Refugees]
stationed in Daruvar," she said.
The UNHCR took Lee and
her father into the Pink Zones of
Pakrac where she witnessed the
aftermath of war first hand.They
later accompanied her to Lipik,
where she met Colonel Mark
Cook, commander ofthe British
contingent of UNPROFOR, who
was in charge of rebuilding the
Lee returned four months
ago and since then her story has
gone nation-wide with interviews
on the CBC.
She has maintained contact
with Colonel Cook (although she
has no formal links with the military) and continues to support
Cook's efforts through the
fundraising in Canada.
Lee has already sent more
than $4000 in Canadian funds to
the orphanage and she helped to
organize benefit concerts on
Vancouver Island earlier this
"The children of Croatia really need your help. They are
depending on foreign aid and the
understanding of different countries," she said.
BOX 516
The Ubyssey U a founding mcntcf of the Canadian University Picas
rhe Ubyssey is Published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater Society of the University ol
Mtish Columbia. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of th<
udversity adminstratioci, or of the publishers. The editorial office is Room 241K of the Studeni
Jnion Building, Editorial Department, phone* 822-2301; advertising: 822-3977, FAX: 822-9279
10 November 1993
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Coordinator Editor Douglas Ferris
Newi Coordinator Graham Cook,
Newt Editon: Sara "more reaped" Martin, Taivo Evard
Culture Coordinator. Steve Chow
Culture Editor: Ted Young-lng
Photography Coordinator: Siobhan "more respect" Roantree
Production Manager Elisabeth "more reaped" Van Assum
ment arrests 300 people a day
who are considered subversives.
President Fujimori has also
made recent attempts to rei nstate
the death penalty for suspected
revolutionaries through referendum. One was planned earlier
this year, but negative reaction
worldwide caused the referendum
to be delayed. The results of a
planned 31 October referendum
have not been announced.
One ofthe main reasons for
the US-supported crackdown is
Sendero Luminoso or the Shining
Path. Sendero is a broad-based
Maoist movement with considerable popular support, but has been
criticized by other left-wing opposition groupsfor its brutal attacks
on peasant organizers and other
non-governmental groups.
Abimael Guzman, founder of
the Shining Path, has been kept
in solitary confinement for over a
year. He is denied medical care,
reading and writing material, and
issubject to routine physical abuse.
President Alberto Fujimori
described his confinement as being "in a cell that is really terrifying", and boasts that Guzman
"now does not have the strength to
launch his famous and ferocious
long-winded speeches." Guzman
has not been seen since 11 October
Guzman's lawyer, Alfredo
Crespo, was secretly tried within a
week of his 11 January 1993 arrest and was convicted of treason
and imprisoned for life on the
charge of defending a revolutionary.
In a Washington Times article late last year, conservative
commentator William F. Buckley
made a call for Guzman's execution, saying "There is no capital
punishmentinPeruexceptfor trea
son involving a foreign government. But if you can suspend the
constitution, you can make the
necessary modifications to apply
the ultimate sanction..."
The US has also remained
active in training police and military forces in Peru. The level of
Peruvian troop desertion stands
at 30-40 percent, with speculation
that many deserters join the Shining Path, a military force which
counters the Peru military.
Sociologist Carol Andreas explains the high number of females
in the Shining Path; "They know
they will not be raped by a Shining
Path soldier, they will not be humiliated and degraded for being
poor, for being Indian, or for being
Lack of formal education will
not be held against them, and their
interests will not be compromised
for personal gain."
Aftermath in Daruvar.
Maclean's THE UBYSSEY Special Issue
UN invasion of Somalia a test ground for "new worid order"
by Taivo Evard
Belgian soldiers dragged Somali bodies down the streets of
Mogadishu; Pakistani soldiers executed Somalia in the street; Canadian soldiers tortured a Somali
boy to death; US marines shot and
killed Somali children fer chasing
their truck, begging for food, and
allegedly stealing a pair of sunglasses.
An estimated 600 Somalis have
died at the hands of peacekeeping
forces since the start of "Operation
Restore Hope." Somalis call the UN
intervention a colonial-type invasion.
The UN trusteeship of the
territory uses the rationale that
Somalis are "incapable" of ruling
themselves. Somalia is the first
nation where UN Chapter VII is
being implemented—this section
allows UN forces to go on the offensive.
Prior to the UN invasion, the
Red Cross had negotiated with
armed Somali clans so that food
could be distributed to areas hit by
tiie famine. According to the Red
Cross, the death rate due to starvation had markedly decreased
compared to its height in the summer, and some areas had sufficient
After the US invasion, existing
networks of food distribution were
disrupted due to the hostile environment caused by US attempts to
disarm clans. Using hunger as a
weapon, the US took over food distribution and stopped food from
getting to areas out of their control.
A Fort Drum Somali veteran
said "we didn't go around feeding
people. It's been mostly patrols and
searching houses and burning
stuff." Other veterans said when
distributing food, soldiers threw
packages directly at the Somalis.
Between 1981 and 1991,
president Mohamed Siad Barre's
government received $100 million
US "aid" in arms and food per year.
The food "aid" reduced demand for
domestic agriculture, and promoted
a shift away from food crops toward
growing more profitable cash crops
such as coffee, tea and sugar.
In 1991, a civil war caused a
sharp drop in growth of food crops,
a situation exacerbated by dependence on foreign "aid." Following
The peace movement grinds onward
by Tanya Storr
The cold war has ended. The
Berlin Wall has fallen. The hands
ofthe doomsday clock are resting
at a comfortable quarter to midnight. These huge political changes
have led many people to believe
the peace movement is no longer
necessary, and many former peace
activists have dropped the cause.
Before we grow too smugly
complacent, however, we should
ask ourselves if the peace movement is really a stale 1960s leftover—or if there are still valid
reasons why we should organize to
promote peace.
A brief history of peace
The original Campaign for
Nuclear Disarmament began in
Britain in the 1950s. The peace
movement escalated in the 60s in
North America with anti-Vietnam
War protests. Throughout the 70s
dinoccino iced cappuccino is the new, refreshing
alternative to everyday beverages. Made with fresh
milk and real Italian espresso coffee, dinoccino is
delicious hot or cold. By itself. Or as added zip to
coffee or ice cream floats.
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made with real italian espresso
and '80s, the movement began toi
focus on anti-nuclear issues with
the threat ofthe cold war and the!
build-up of nuclear arms in thei
USSR and USA. In the late '80s,,
peace activists also voiced their*
concerns about star wars, the!
American nuclear space program.
Now, in the 1990s, many ofthe
original causes that shaped the
agenda ofthe peace movement have
either been resolved or have largely
disappeared from the public eye,
less support.
Peace Walk stumbles
In Vancouver, the annua] Walk
for Peace organizedbyEndthe Arms
Race has traditionally served as an
indicator of support for the peace
movement. In 1984, the peak year
of the walk, over 100,000 people
participated. In the 1993 march
last April, only 5,000 people came
out to the walk. Steve Staples, coordinator of End the Arms Race,
said there is a possibility that there
won't even be a Walk for Peace next
April, due to lack of funding.
Staples blames the poor turnout this year on the limited funds
the organization had available for
advertising. However, he is quick
to point out that the Walk for Peace
is still the largest protest march in
Vancouver. If they don't hold a walk
this April, Staples promised that
the organization will do something
else instead, such as hold a symposium on peace.
Although peace walk numbers
have declined significantly, Staples
still believes there is a need for the
peace movement. He says interest
in End the Arms Race, which is
supported by individual donations,
is just as strong, and that he handles
calls daily on many peace issues.
Since the end ofthe Cold War, End
the Arms Race has redirected its
energies to face some of the challenges to world peace today. For
example, Staples says the organization i s pushing for a fundamental
change in Canada's defense-based
"We support a complete process
of conversion away from a military
economy into one which provides
for human needs. The Canadian
the fall ofthe Soviet Union, the US
removed support from Somalia as
part of its reduced cold war contention over the nation, shifting its
attention to the Persian Gulf.
They returned in December
1992, supported by New YorkTimes
headlines like "Colonialism Back—
and not a moment too soon", and a
Time editorial which stated, "It is
colonialism. But no one has come
up with a better idea for saving
countries like Somalia from themselves."
Soldiers were told they could
shoot anyone "they perceive as a
threat," and a 7 December 1992
Wall Street Journal editorial stated
that "US security forces won't have
to read teenaged thugs their
Miranda Rights, as they must for
the Crips and Bloods in south-
central Los Angeles."
The US reiterated that if this
type of intervention where a nation
becomes the ward of foreign powers
is successful, it could soon become
"the accepted pattern in the world
community." US Admiral Jonathan
Howe described Somalia as a
"laboratory"for "New Colonialism".
Former chairman ofthe joint
chiefs, General Colin Powell called
the Somali operation "a paid political advertisement" for maintaining the current military budget.
The Pentagon has been under
pressure to cut its $300 billion a
year arms expenditures, including
over 70,000 military contractors.
Powell initially announced the
operation as "a large enough force
that could dominate the entire
country ."The initial action of troops
was to disarm and arrest all those
perceived as potential -opponents to
US takeover. Meanwhile, Somali
jails remain full of individuals held
with no charges laid against them.
Oil over humanity
by Taivo Evard w
Between the early 1980s and mid 1990, the US provided
Somalia with $403 million in military aid, used to support president Mohamed Siad Barre's conflict with Soviet-backed Ethiopia.
Nearly two-thirds of Somali oil rights were purchased by
Conoco, Amoco, Chevron and Philips in:the years prior to the
January 1991 overthrow of the decade-longrule of president Barre.
Conoco, one ofthe major purchasers of oil rights, has allowed US
troops to use its headquarters in Mogadishu as a command post
and de facto embassy. Critics have pointed to the blurring of the
lines between the US government and multinational corporations.
Oil companies have expressed hope that the military presence
in Somalia will help protect their multi-million dollar investments.
Investmentin Somali oil wasdue toa World Bank-coordinated
study on petroleum potential in the Gulf of Aden off Somalia's
northern coast. The three-year geological study, completed in
1991, placed Somalia and Sudan at the top of the list of prospective
oil producers.
military hasnt come to grips witn
the end of the cold war. In 1992
Canada exported over $1 billion
worth of military equipment, making us the 10th largest military
exporter in the world. Between
1990-92, Canada's military exports
to the third world increased 600
percent. Yet a 1993 gall up poll revealed that 54 percent of Canadians
would like to see military spending
Act, dont react
Staples believes that it is important to have a movement that
works continuallyfor peace, instead
of just reactionary anti-war movements that spring up once a crisis
has begun. During the Gulf war,
longtime members of the peace
movement brought their experience
to the anti-Gulf war movement and
helped organize speeches and rallies. According to Staples, the solid
foundation provided by organizations like End the Arms Race is
vital during times of crisis, because
"then you have people involved who
already have the peace movement
Dr. George Spiegelman, aUBC
micro-biology professor and a local
member ofthe Canada-wide organization Science for Peace, believes
that the Canadian peace movement
has gone underground for a while
but will resurface. He cites the end
ofthe cold war as the main reason
for its current decline.
Spiegelman pointed out that
although the peace movement appears to have waned, active political committees specifically involved
in working on peace issues still
exist. Some examples are the peace
committee on Vancouver's city
council and the United Nations
Association. Currently, the working
groups of the UNA are tackling
projects such as how to monitor the
location of nuclear and biological
weapons, and how to successfully
incorporate peace and justice issues into different societies.
Spiegelman also sees Canada's
military spending as an ongoing
"It's still true that Canada
doesn't spend a lot of money on the
military, but it doesnt have a lot of
money to spend!" he said.
Part of a broader movement
Given our current situation in
the "90s, Spiegelman believes it is
necessary that people channel their
energies in other directions than
just the peace movement. He believes that peace issues won't go
away, but that other problems are
taking precedence right now.
Spiegelman feels the environmental movement is currently addressing crucial issues in BC.
Stuart Hertzog, an environmental advocate who has been involved in the peace movement for
many years, echoes Spiegelman's
sentiments about other issues
taking the wind out of the peace
movement's sails. Hertzog sees this
process as inevitable, since movements go through cycles depending
on economic and historical factors.
"The environment movement
eclipsed the peace movement. And
the environment movement has
now been eclipsedin turn by people's
economic worries. Now it's 'never
mind peace, never mind the environment, how are we going to pay
the rent?"
Hertzog also blames the current difficulties faced by the peace
movement on the Vancouver
mainstream media, for presenting
a consistently negative image of
the movement to the public over
the years. Hertzog used to withhold
9-12 percent of his income taxes
from the Canadian government (the
amount used for defense spending)
and instead contributed it to the
Conscience Canada Peace Tax
Fund, which folded in 1991afteran
unsuccessful supreme court battle.
Hertzog's contributions to the Peace
Tax Fund drew scorn from the
media. One of Hertzog's brushes
with the media seemed particularly
"I got dragged on BCTV during
the Gulf war and called a traitor to
my country because I had contributed to the Peace Tax Fund," he
..continued on p.ll
fr»»y«g * yt-*<% WEDNESDAY 10 NOVEMBER 1993
Peace movement educates
-.continued from p.10
Despite the challenges faced by the peace movement today and the
poor treatment it has received in the past, Hertzog still believes the
movement has made useful gains. Besides successfully increasing pressure to end both the Vietnam and the cold war, the movement has also
played an educational role.
"The peace movement has been influential in changing the overall
attitude we have towards war. It has had a positive educational impact."
THE UBYSSEY Special Issue   11
Letters to the staff...
Zero tolerance
Dear Dr. Strangway,
The following letter was
unanimously endorsed by the
members of the Anthropology and Sociology Graduate
Students' Association on
Tuesday, November 9th,
We are writing to express
our deep concern and dismay
at the lack of effective action
by the UBC administration
and in support ofthe women
who have been targeted by a
threatening hate-mail campaign for the past eight
Firstly, there has been
no official public statement
from the administration that
such activity would not be
tolerated form students or
faculty. UBC shouldimmedi-
ately publicize a policy of zero
tolerance for any form of
violence against women.
Secondly, the UBC
adminstration has given the
targeted women little support or understanding. Instead, these women have been
kept in the dark and critici zed
by Dean Sheehan for their
attempts to find out what has
been going on. UBC should
keep the targeted women
frilly informed of any events
or development that relate to
threats so that they can make
informed decisions about
their own safety, as well, UBC
should provide these women
with any services that they
request in order to feel safe
on campus and to deal with
any possible emotional harm
that has resulted from this
Lastly, UBC should recognize that these threats to
women in Counselling Psychology are a threat to the
academic freedom of all
feminist students andfaculty
at UBC. Threats such as these
can intimidate and silence
women all over campus. Ihe
administration should voice
its support for the valuable
contribution that feminist
activity has made and continues to make to the intellectual life of our university.
Instead of offering support and empathy for these
women, the university administration has attempted
to minimize the situation as
an isolated incident which
should not cause alarm
within the university population. This handling of the
events is not only insulting to
the women who have been
threatened, but also negligent
with respect to growing concern about the dangerous and
hostiledimate this university
represents for many women.
This is not an isolated case
but, rather, yet another visible element in a continuum
of violence against women in
our society. We request that
the administration undertake an immediate, proactive
campaign to make this university a safe and supportive
environment for women.
We also urge all students,
faculty and staff at UBC to
support the women in the
Department of Counselling
Psychology and publicly con
demn the anti-feminist, anti-
women attack representedby
these letters.
David Ryniker - President, Graduate Student
On behalf of the members of the Anthropology
and Sociology Graduate
Students' Association.
To the Editor:
When I first heard of
anonymous letters being sent
to faculty at UBC, I dismissed
them as a very insensitive
hoax. When, however, I saw
the last letter in print, I became mobilized. Where such
violent words are spoken
publicly, the hidden abuse of
women and children lurks
nearby in countless homes.
Supporting the violent
acts of terrorists, a dear and
valued friend reminded me,
are the benefactors of its
publicity. Behind these abusive threats, I now realize, is
the tacit support ofthe silent
Enough is enough! I am
a male student in the counselling psychology department where theseletters have
been directed. I will not si-
lentlyignorethisissue.lt does
concern me. Abuse by men is
a male problem. Men must
address it ...now! Feminism,
it seems to me, is defined in
our society not only by the
issues of power that it justifiably addressed but equally
by the lack of support it receives by men. Let's change
If you, my fellow male
student, oppose acts of violence against women and
children by men speak out.
Write to the UBC Senate and
your municipal, provincial
and federal representatives
with your concerns andideas,
ask them what they are actually doing about this issue,
send letters to the editor addressing issues of abuse you
see around you, wear a white
ribbon to show your support
for your female co-students,
talk with other men and share
your concerns about abuse
with them...
...you won'tappear weak.
This type of abuse is an act of
cowardice. By opposing it you
will show your strength and
Stephen Douglas -
Counselling Psychology
Double bogey
In a recent issue of your
paper there appeared a letter
written by one Taivo Evard,
"Professor of Hubris",
wherein he or she saw fit to
make some strange and
purely infactual comment
about the University Golf
Club. I take this opportunity
to reply and present your
readers with the correct information regarding our facility.
May I point that there is
no such facility as the UBC
Golf Course, and there never
was. Ifs original name was
the "University
Endownment Lands Golf
Course", and was run primarily by contract with the
Crown by private operators.
The University Golf Clubhas
nothingtodo with University
of British Columbia, other
on the UEL acreage as is
UBC. The University Golf
Club is a privately owned
daily fee facility, open to the
public and I repeat, is completely independent of UBC.
The UBC Golf Team is
permitted the use of our
course and driving range
without charge and is the
designated home course of
the team and I am happy to
say that in other mutual areas our cc-exi stence with the
University of British Columbia is a very amicable
The University of British Columbia staff does not
receive special treatment at
the University Golf Club as
"Professor Hubris" seems to
think in his misguided mind.
As we are a public facility we
cater to the general population and we give special
treatment to all, regardless of their status.
In closing, I repeat, we
are not the UBC Golf
"Course", we are the "UNIVERSITY GOLF CLUB".
Donald D Metzler •
General Manager
Journalist with
an attitude
Thanks to Pat Thurlow
for the November 5 article
"Administrative Inaction on
Threatening Letters." Once
again we are witnessing
attemts to turn blatantly
misogynist acts into innocuous "isolated incidents." Instead of support, the women
at the Department of Counselling Psychology are being
cautioned against "over-reacting."
The response of the
adminstration to the violent
threats of a group of men is
highly insulting, not to mention negligent. One shudders
to think of what would have
to happen to actually get
some real commitments to
change the hostile and dangerous environment this
University represents for
women. The Ubyssey alone
has publicly declared this
harassment within the
broader context of male violence against women where
it clearly belongs.
The staff at THE student paper deserves much
credit for consistently providing an independent, critical and progressive challenge
to the powers that be on cam
pus and in the community at
large. This is not only refreshing, but essential in the
face of the mainstream
media's so-called "neutrality."
To those who question
the journalistic integrity of
past or present Ubyssey
writers, I say anger and resentment are healthy and
legitimate responses to a
social order based upon obscene inequities and subtle
(and not so subtle) repression. Our anger will be resolved when our struggles
finally result in some real
change. Those who are offended should take a long
look in a mirror, empowerment is the name ofthe game,
and shit-disturbing is rule
number one.
Donna Vogel
P.S. The only journalist
worth reading is a journalist
with an attitude! Keep up
the good work.
Forget your
name, buddy?
He was last year's
He raised the alarm on
AMS extortion of student fees
He was truly one ofthe
great ones
Most popular person on
campus? Unyielding advocate of conservative principles. Martyr voice of conservatives whose voice was
muffled and wallets picked
up by the left.
Today we ask the UBC
community to reminisce
about Jason Saunderson,
that his memory will never
leave this campus. It seemed
like a good time to bring him
back, ... Hell, today is
Wednesday. Though he has
not quite left UBC for bigger
and better things, he will
never be forgotten by the
many people whose lives he
touched, ...or anyone else for
that matter.
Rusky Morrissey, a
fourth year economics student, has fond
memories,...okay memories,
of his activism. "That
Saunderson, he's a crazy
bugger, right out ofhis mind,
I think." An unnamed AMS
hack "I really appreciate the
voice of reason he brought."
Enough romance.
Saunderson was hardcore
and really enjoyed the impact that he had on The
Ubyssey. I wouldn't really
! call it a skill, but boy, could
he piss people off, especially
the left.
The      voice      that
; Saunderson brought to debate on campus — knowledgeable, conservative, right
wing—is sorely needed. The
conservative voice is endangered not only at UBC, but
elsewhere in society. All of
Saunderson's many fans,
okay handful, look up to him
to teach them how to be a
Exercise your right to
freely associate your self with
whomever, whatever, you
choose. In the words of the
ever-astute, hard-working
Jason Saunderson, "Ifs my
$39.50 and I should be able
to spend it however I want!"
Sorry about the election,
Jason. We will never give up
the fight.
(Name witheld by
Us abol^Weverj
k.if\d of advenrurt
f^O-^6 i/T5 own
■ato'-'-'tion -tine onh
possible *cWW(_,j
2291 W. Broadway at Vine
lree Burgers — Barbecue, rain or shine — 7 io 9
Super Drink Specials Sunday through Jhursday
"the nearest off-campus
dance club to U.B.C."
2291 W. Broadway at Vine • 733-2821 12     THEUBYSSEY
Buy one. Get one free.
To the dealer: William Neilson Ltd. will reimburse the
face value of coupon plus regular handling fee provided
you accept it from your customer on purchase of item
specified. Other applications may constitute fraud.
Failure to send in. on request, evidence that sufficient
stock was purchased in previous 90 days lo cover coupons
presented, will void coupons. Coupons submitted become
our property. Reimbursement will be made oniy to retail ■*■■*
distributor who redeemed coupon. Valid only on Crispy Crunch single bars (50g).
For redemption, mail to: William Neilson Ltd., Box 3000. Saint John, N.B. E2L 4L!
Cashier: Please fill in selling price.
Offer expires: Mar. :!l, 1994
mi "in


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