UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey 1991-11-29

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 m   ,5i Classifieds 822-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 tines, $3.00, additional lines, 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines, $5.00, additional Unes
75 cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or mare) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 4^0 p.m., two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A7, 822-3977.	
Unique Traditional Chinr. ■
^<-^*»    Coolunj^ .>n Cimpus # —
.','■ '., DISCOUNT
COFFEE HOUSE at Aberthau Thursday,
Dec 5, 7:30 - 10 pm. Enjoy live music from
local musicians David Egan - folk plus guests
- jazz Steve Keary • folk Cold Feet - North
American Folk roots & Beyond. 4397 W. 2nd
Ave., #224-1910.
10 - FOR SALE - Commercial
COMPOSER & AUTHOR Ts & sweats at
bargain prices will be offered at the B.C.
Craft Sale at the SUB the week of Dec. 2.
Also tie dyed scarves, reusable gift wrap,
recycled paper, ceramics. Or come Tues. -
Sat to Festive Fabrics, 3210 Dunbar at
16th. Tel. 736-1016 for hrs.
IBM PC PACKAGE consisting of 320K, cpu,
amber monitor, keypronic keyboard & Roland
dot matrix printer. $700 obo. complete. 222-
11 - FOR SALE - Private
VAN TO PR. GEORGE return airfare for one
oriental female, Dec 21 to Jan 3, $200, phone
1971 DATSUN 510, new brakes, 4 door,
auto. Moving, must sell. $375. Tel. 987-
82 TERCEL SEDAN, one owner auto.
119,000 km. Excellent cond. $2600.00. Ph:
ALBUMS for sale, $1.00 each. 687-2034.
ZEISS BINOCULAR microscope, 6 objectives, mechanical stage, built-in illuminator,
$600. Ron, 582-2652.
AIR TICKET FOR SALE. $350.00 Vane to
Toronto. Dec 9, return Dec 25. Call Min 224-
9066 or 9751. Hurry!
F RMATE FOR LRG 2 bdr nr Camb &
Brdwy. $440. W/D, view. Be reap, friendly
and studious. Call 873-6706 eves.
XMAS 4 NEW YEAR'S in WhisUerl Double
rm avail, in luxury ski cabin outdr. hot tub,
sauna, lg. private room shared kitchen.
Comfortable & casual. Why pay $300/nt?
Create a memory! Call 932-5555, lv. message
for Brock.
Deadline for submissions: for
Tuesday's paper is Friday at
3:30pm, for Friday's paper,
Wednesday at 3:30pm.
Note: "Noon" - 1230 pm.
Friday. November 29th
Students of Objectivism. Discus*
sion: What is the value of Christmas? Noon SUB 215.
UBC School of Music. UBC Choral Union and UBC Percussion
Ensemble. EricHannan and John
Rudolph, directors. 8:00 pm, Recital Hall, Music Bldg.
Gays & Lesbians of UBC. End of
term bzzr garden. 4-7 pm, SUB
Saturday, November 30th
Music Students Association.
Benefit Concert for the Downtown
Eastside Women's Centre. 6:00
pm, School of Music, Recital Hall.
A bunch of loser grad students
will be in the computer labs in the
comp sci department, desperate
for companionship. Stop by.
3RD ROOMMATE NEEDED for character
house, in Kits. $428, plus util. For Jan 1/92.
Phone 736-9427.
BEDSITTING RM., kitoh. priv. bath. priv.
ent. Bsmt $450/mo. Close to Oakridge,
 30 - JOBS	
MAKE $$$ WORKING part-time. Flexible
Hours. Call Franco 9 290-9368.
Join #1 Janitorial Service Co. in contract
sales, telemarketing/ telesales. Salary plus
comm. If you are self-motivated, ambitious
and hungry, call Richard at Jani-King, 682-
4534 for interview. Full or part time.
MESSAGE OF ISLAM 11: Faith is not
complete when it is followed or accepted
blindly. Islam invites everyone to search for
the indisputable truth until he/she finds it.
ERIC (the half-a-bee) ROBERTS: Come and
get your pot It is at The Ubyssey. Signed,
the silent 3.
vice for Singles. Call 872-3577, 205-955
West Broadway, Vancouver (at Oak).
PALM READING and the Luscher color test
(stress and behaviour evaluation). Your
place or mine. $10.00/person. Phone 873-
HOUSE TO RENT. Medical doctor and
family wish to rent home (pref. furnished)
from lstJuly 1992 to 30th June 1993. Phone
Terrace 635-3375.
University instructor will tutor genetics and
other biosciences. Call 731-7360.
HOW YOU SAY IT MAKES a difference.
Lawyer will up-grade style and structure of
your paper. $2/page (double spaced). Victor, 681-5337.
Sunday, December 1st	
AMS Art Gallery Committee. The
Painted Works of Dr. Ottavio D.
Iachetta. 10 am-4 pm. Runs till
Dec. 7th. AMSArtGallery<beside
the SUB Conversation Pit).
Monday. December 2nd	
AMS Art Gallery Committee. See
December 1st. Runs till Dec, 7th,
Tuesday, December 3rd. The Institute of Asian Research. China
- Korea Seminar - The Role of
Legal Specialistsin Chinese Law-
Making. . Noon - 2 pm, Asian
Centre * Seminar Room 604.
Wednesday, December 4th
Toastmasters International. Gen.
mtg. 7:00 pm, SUB 205.
Thursday, December 5th
LifeDrawingClub. Weeklydraw-
ing session. Noon-2*20, Lasserre
Bldg., Rm 204.
GracLStudentSociely. Free Video
Night - "A Christmas Carol" 6 pm
& "Miracle on 34th Street" 8 pm.
Fireside Lounge.
Confused about the Soviet Union?
Increase your understanding of
the world and Canada's place in
it. The Vancouver branch of the
*EXPD MATH TUTOR available for Math
100, 111, 120and 140. Fee$12/hr. Rez290-
0306. Lv. message on pager.*
read throughs. Research help available.
Special rates for theses. 322-4997.
WD process/typing, APA/MLA, Thesis. Student rates. Dorothy, 228-8346.
in/i fnck-uf> nrtic.
! Wrstrm [\irlavav.
22«-9114 Mfi
MS it
$ CASH $
6 to 9 p.m.
Door to door Christmas card
campaign. A missing child is
everyone's responsibility.
432-6666 PLEASE HELP
Extended hours: 8 a.m. - 8 p.m. M-F
Professional word processing service for
essays and reports.
Room 60, Student Union Building
or phone: 822-5640.
WORD PROCESSING on laser, essays,
proposals, theses, resumes, etc. & editing.
$2/pg&up. Donna 0 874-6668.
WORD PROCESSING, professional and fast
service, competitive rates. West end location,
call Sue 683-1194.
224-2678. Accurate, affordable, efficient
Student Rates; laser printing.
printers, student rates. Linda 736-5010 and
Agnes 734-3928.
$1.50 per page.
Call 224-9197
$1.50/pg,dbspc. Call Rob 228-8989 anytime.
Word 5.0. Documents of all types. Audiotape transcription. $2.25/dbl sp. pg. ($4.50
single sp.). Dot matrix output Close to
campus at 4th/Dunbar.
Call Rick anytime at 734-7883.
:alipornl .
Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday
15% Discount
on all food items
Just show your student I.D.
1319 Robson St.
Vancouver BC
Open Face Kitchen
Wood Burning
Comer of Robson & Jen/is
WORD PROCESSING and proofreading.
$1.50/page. Elaine 264-9504.
HAxe r\ vJonoeRFu*-
A   *?AGr*AlJ  Mew Y€A«.».
Canadian Institute of International Affairs—a non-partisan,
non-profit organization, meets
monthly for discussion, analysis
and debate of international issues.
For more information call 531-
4801 or 738-7620.
Intl. Socialists. Mtg: Feminists
for a strong state?   A socialist
analysis of Catherine MacKinnon.
7:30 pm, SUB 213.
Saturday, December 7th
Remember AMS Art Gallery
Committee? The Painted Works
of Dr. Ottavio D. Iachetta are being shown until today. There's
still time left, 10 am - 4 pm. See
Dec. 1 entry for complete details
Monday, December 9th
Sat. Nov. 30
Lutheran Campus Ministry
hosts this annual celebration
of the start of Advent (pre-
Christmas season).
Join us for mulled fruit of
the vine, carols, wreath
making, and other activities.
Hair Care Services
<   $2.00 off cut
with presentation of this ad
Offer Expires Dec.20-*79 1
Suntanning Special
10 sessions for SSO-00
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• Mcno monitor with Hexculea
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Institute of Asian Research.
Southeast Asian Seminar. Noon-
2:00 pm, Asian Centre, Seminar
Room 604.
January. 1992	
One weekend day well be organizing a workshop called: "Unlearning Racism" workshop with
A.W.AJR.E. (Alliance of Women
AgainstRacism etc.). Ifyou'dlike
to sign up or want more info., call
the Global Development Centre
at 222-4476.
m® imsm  wm&mm m-am
November 26 Ubyssey:
A headline reading "MacBlo pulls out and
shakes finger" should have read "MacBlo
 threatens to pull out"
 ;   • Colour Laser
FAX 224-4492
M-TH 8-9 FRI 8-6
SAT-SUN 11-6
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print, choice of ink colour, screen set-up &
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Call the:
November 29,1991 "■« i'"*>"
54-40 or fight!
US Navy out of Canadian waters
by Dianne Rudolf
Nuclear submarine testing done by the
US Navy in disputed waters was the subject
s of a 200-person protest at Canada Hace on
The issue centres on Dixon Entrance,
the waterway believed to have beenawarded
to Canada in 1903. The US Navy is making
claims on at least half of the area for entry
into Behm Canal, the site ofthe high-speed
_ testing.
The US is establishing a facility in
Ketchican (near the Canada-Alaska border)
for the use of an estimated ten to
15 nuclear-armed submarines per
year, including deadly Trident-
and Los Angeles-class subs.
Miranda Holmes of End the
Arms Race said, "The Trident- and
Seawolf-class submarines are
powered by nuclear reactors, generating 60,000 horsepower. Because the subs are -powered by
these generators, they are a constant source of danger. Additional
' concerns include the possibility of
the subs being armed with up to
20 cruise missiles at any one time."
Development ofthe Seawolf-
class attack submarine is top priority for the US Navy and has
already cost $2 billion.
"The new acoustical testing
facility in Ketchican is focussing
on Seawolf-class subs, which are a
new generation of stealth technology to avoid radar," said John
Mate, spokesperson for
" Revising US submarine technology to reduce detectability is
creating political problems in
Canada-US relations and causing a great
deal of apprehension. The testing is interfering with commercial fishing, as well as posing a direct threat to both the environment
and the outlying population.
"On Oct. 30, the Cabinet, without debate, passed an order in council to avoid
public hearings and any kind of assessment
of environmental effects. They are sidestepping democracy—the Canadian government
pretends to care about Canadian issues, but
it's all a sideshow—they are showing contempt for the democratic process. The proper
' course of action would be to seek public
opinion and examine the environmental implications," Mate said.
Commercial fishers have good cause for
concern, especially with the case histories of
collisions and snaggings. Once such incident
took place at the mouth ofthe Fraser River in
August, with the US nuclear sub Omaha
snagging the nets of a Steveston fishing
vessel and narrowly avoiding a collision with
Presi dent ofthe Fisherman's Union Jack
Nichol said, "We feel isolated with regard to
this issue. No notice has been given to fishermen, who have been harassed and arrested
for fishing in our own waters. They use intimidation to keep us out.
"The Canadian government is showing
a shameful lack of defense in not claiming
have catastrophic effects," Mate said. "An
accident, by definition, is unpredictable."
"Should Canada be supporting the development of weapons of mass destruction?"
he asked.
Despite the Canadian government's
claim that a nuclear mistake is unlikely, it is
prepared to provide compensation should
such ami stake occur. Mate questions whether
the US would provide similar compensation
for Canadian vessels in US ports. "How can
they possibly compensate for the costs oflife
and contamination ofthe environment?
"The question of Canadian sovereignty
in at stake—by giving permission to test here, we are avoiding
the fight with the US on the
jurisdiction issue,"he said.
"Various municipalities have
declared themselves nuclear-free
zones, and the Canadian government is not respecting these
proclamations. They are avoiding the majority of people who
would be opposed to this use of
our territory. No one has asked
the Haida or the rest ofthe Canadian population about this,"
Mate said.
Miles, a spokesperson for
tie Haida Nation, voiced his
csncerns about the danger and
immorality of freely allowing the
US into the territory. "People
depend on those waters,"he said.
"The Canadian government
must sit down and review with
the Haida the issue of contributing to nuclear escalation."
Jack Nichol voices concern on behalf of the
Fisherman's Union.
this territory that is clearly and unequivocally our own."
Other concerns are for the environment.
"The worst case scenario would be a meltdown ofthe reactor core leading to the contamination of marine ecology or the formation of a radioactive cloud which would affect
both the coast and population centres," Mate
According to a 1985 New York publication, a meltdown could result in the spilling
of hot radioactive materials to the bottom of
the harbour. If this should occur, nothing
could be done about it.
"Besides collisions and snaggings, other
possible and common sources of accidents
include groundings, explosions, fires, and
the inevitability of human error, all of which
End the Arms Race coordinator Peter Coombes said that
the Canadian population has not
been accurately informed. "Most people are
not even aware that subs are coming, or of
the potential threat they pose should a mistake occur," he said.
Coombes appeals to the media to serve
as an accurate source of information for Canadians. "The media should not gloss over
the horrifyin*;: nature of war," he said.
At present, it is estimated that seven
nuclear reactors and up to 50 nuclear warheads occupy the ocean floor.
Mate said, "This is a continuation ofthe
nuclear arms race. The cold war is over, yet
danger is facing BCers and the people ofthe
First Nations. Each part reinforces the other
when nuclear armaments are still being
produced. Frim a global perspective, it's
UBC students accuse police of assault
by Lucho van Isschot
According to two UBC students, on October 8 they were assaulted in Vancouver's
West End.
The aggressors, claim Cornelius
Muojekwu and Kuda Mutama, were members ofthe Vancouver Police Department.
Muojekwu and Mutama say they were
taking a leisurely drive on a Tuesday night
when their car was surrounded and stopped
by three police vehicles.
Muojekwu and Mutama say they were
ordered out of their car and subjected to
physical and verbal attacks—accusations,
orders, threats, pushes and kicks.
Muojekwu and Mutama were mistaken
for criminal suspects, whom officers described
simply as "two black guys."
As reported in the October 25 issue of
The Ubyssey, Muojekwu considered the incident to be racially motivated.
"Two black men were suspected to have
committe d a crime, and the Vancouver police
had to brutalize the next two unfortunate
black men they could get," Muojekwu wrote
in his thorough account.
The Vancouver Police Department,
however, has described the incident as a
simple case of mistaken identity.
"Our members did not act out of prejudice but out of a genuine belief that these
people were responsible for a series of armed
robberies," said Gord Elias, a Police Depart
ment spokesperson.
Muojekwu and Mutama, "are totally innocent of any wrongdoing," declared Elias,
who said that an internal investigation ofthe
incident was currently in process.
Though the police are not allowed to
discuss the status ofthe investigation, they
admit that such an investigation could take
a long time to conclude.
"You can never put a time frame on it,"
Elias said "...they are quite lengthy, Fve seen
them take a year or more."
Meanwhile, said Elias, Muojekwu and
Mutama have been sent formal letters of
apology by the police department.
Muojekwu, however, insists that he has
not received such a letter.
On October 18, Muojekwu and Mutama
sent detailed letters of complaint to the
Vancouver Police Department. Seven days
later both men received short, identical letters of reply from I.J. Stevens, a representative ofthe police department.
The letter contained several items—including a "Citizen's Complaint Form"—hut
no note of apology. It did, however, confirm
that the police department was conducting
an internal investigation of the allegations
put forward by Muojekwu and Mutama.
The allegations against the police department—which are being investigated by
the police themselves—were described in
Stevens' letter as "abuse of authority by
handcuffing and detaining on the street.*
Muojekwa is deeply disturbed by the
police "version" ofthe allegations.
"We had specific complaints against the
police and thist was not what we complained
of. Our own complaints should be investigated, not what the police think our complaints should, be," he says.
Muojekwu feels that the police have
already reached a decision—a decision to
dismiss the complaint altogether.
"I don't believe they are even conducting
an investigation—even if they pretend that
is what is going on," he says.
"I feel caged in," he says. "If the internal
investigation doesn't work out, I won't know
what to do."
Muojekwu and Mutama have also been
frustrated by not being able to find a lawyer
to represent their case.
In consultation with the BC Civil liberties Association and the Vancouver Bar Association, the two men were informed that
lawyers wouldbereluctanttorepresentthem.
"The lawyers look at it as a purely financial matter," said Muojekwu, explaining
that because their case would be a civil case,
"you might spsnd nine months, one or even
two years and only get $1,000 compensation."
"My dignity as a human being is the real
issue," Muojekwu explains. "It has never
been a question of dollars."
"I am not going to rest until something is
done," he insists.
The fate of the
world is in your
So you fancy yourself pretty enlightened, huh? You've got your peace sign
earring, your anti-authoritarian 10-hole
Docs and your Spirit ofthe West album.
Hell, you even went to an anti-war demonstration last year! And you don't even
know anyone who owns a fur coat You're
doing all that you can to promote peace
and harmony among your fellow humans.
Wake up and smell the El Salvadorean coffee brewing in your own kitchen.
You're a student at a relatively prestigious post-secondary education centre
situatedinahighly privileged first-world
country. Your parents passed on all of
their upper middle-class values to you,
so you think that by carrying your Blue
Chip non-biodegradable two-colour
plastic mug around on the side of your
backpack, you're going to save the world.
Think again.
Here are nine simple things that you
can do that will really contribute to peace
on earth and goodwill towards all people:
1. Take a look at the policies of
companies from which you buy. By supporting the multinationals who create
the conditions that force people to resort
to violence, you are part ofthe cause of
war. The world system is a market
economy and our real power is economic.
You made $10,000 last year and it's all
gone. Where did your economic vote go?
2. Don't beat up your partner. Or
anyone else, for that matter.
3. Be aware of political issues and
take part in events that will make a
difference. World AIDS Day is December
1st (wear a red ribbon) and December 6
is a day to promote awareness of violence
against women (wear a white ribbon).
4. Volunteer. You'd be amazed at
the sense of accomplishment that you'll
receive from doing things for others. Amnesty International, women's crisis centres, End the Arms Race, AIDS
Vancouver, the Food Bank and the Red
Cross are all great places to start Raise
money and collect tools for less industrialized countries. Teach people skills to
improve their lives.
5. A deteriorating world environment is a great contributor to war. Some
countries are forced to burn their forests
and pollute their rivers but you, being so
privileged, can easily keep from being
part of the problem. Don't buy
overpackaging. People got along for
millenia without disposable wrapping.
Ride your bike to school. Or take the bus.
There's lots you can do.
6. Don'tdrink Coca-Cola. Don't drink
Coors. Don't buy Shell products or Nestle
Quik. All of these companies are evil—
find out why in Shopping For A Better
World, by the Council on Economic Priorities. For example, they all have millions invested in South Africa.
7. Have respect for the dignity of all
human beings, not just those like you.
This includes your use of language and
choice of jokes. Make a point of respecting women, men; homo-, bi- and heterosexuals; Caucasian, people of colour; the
abled and the differently-abled; etc.. Don't
impose your cultural values on others.
Don't support companies with questionable hiring practices, e.g. Blockbuster
Video, the Pantry, White Spot.
8. Buy locally and save your money
in a local credit union. They are community based, controlled by depositors and
they're not massive corporations.
9. Adopt a vegetarian diet Try it for
a week—ifs not that hard to do. Raising
livestock is an incredible drain on world
resources and a massive cause of pollution. Did you know that a pound of hamburger takes ten tons of water to produce? And ask yourself: is it right to kill
animals to sustain your own life?
Peace is more than just a circle with
lines in it. Peace is a way of life. Tuum
November 29,1991
or Party Platter.
(S24.00 minimum order. 24 hours advance notice and deposit required.)
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Offer Expires: Jan 6192
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Mon/Tue/Thu/Sun: 10 am- |
Vancouver Theatre Sports League presents
? ►
A Christmas Show
Written by Louise Moon
Directed by Mike Rohl
Musical Dlrectlon/Choreofrm-phy by Lyle Moon
December 3 -January 4 ONLY!
Tuesdays, Wednesdays & Thursdays at 8pm * Fri. 4- Sat. at 7pm ft- 11 pm ■ __
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Back Alley Theatre,
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• /kistt
Resisting the
by Cheryl Niamath
One hour after the vigil we
went back, and the court-house
steps were covered with burning
candles, rows of them in some
places, patches in other places,
flickering, some melted down to
unburning pools of wax. The sidewalk was empty except for drops of
wax everywhere, the places our
candles dripped while we listened
to the women speak and sing and
chant, light fourteen candles for
the Montreal dead and read the
names of so many women killed by
men right here in Vancouver. So
many it took five minutes just to
read out the list.
Women are dying.
Two women are killed each
week in Canada by their husbands
or partners.
Women are being raped.
Every 17 minutes a sexual
assault is committed in Canada
and 90 per cent of the victims are
Women are beaten and they
are harassedand they are abducted
and they are threatened. The federal government's parliamentary
sub-committee on the status of
women recently issued a report on
violence against Canadian women
and appropriately titled it "The
War Against Women".
Women have been the casualties of this war for countless years.
But just like in other wars, a resistance movement has begun. A resistance movement made up of
groups of women and men across
the country, some large, some
small; some with money, some
without funding; all having the
common goal of ending violence
against women once and for all.
Unlike other resistance movements, this one does not use violence to fight violence. To do so
would only perpetuate the beatings and deaths, and the violence
would be as widespread—and acceptable—in future generations as
it is today.
In order for the war against
women to come to a peaceful resolution, male violence against
women must become completely
socially and legally unacceptable.
It is towards this goal that the
various groups resisting the war
against women are striving.
Our present society condones-
- if not encourages—violence
against women. Everywhere there
are images of women as victims. In
advertising, in films and on television, in popular fiction and pornography, women are portrayed
as objects which invite, and often
enjoy, abuse.
The objectification of women
encourages the persistence of the
old-fashioned, paternalistic idea
that women are pieces of property
to be acquired and made use of by
men. Violence follows the equally
antiquated idea that people can do
whatever they want to the things
they own.
Penalties are not severe
enough for men convicted of assaulting or abusing women. "Men
attack us partly because they have
social and legal permission to do
so," said Bonnie Agnew of
Vancouver Rape Relief.
The federal government's report contains numerous accounts
of judges across Canada who gave
lenient sentences to men who committed acts of violence against
women. Italsoincludes statements
concerning judges who made comments which clearly indicated their
contempt for and lack of understanding of women and women's
Ann Sharp, of the Ottawa-
Carl eton Regional Coordination
Committee on Wife Assault, told
the federal sub-committee on the
status of women about a recent
judgement in the Ottawa-Carleton
region in which a man was fined
$200 and sentenced to three years
of unsupervised probation for
hanging his wife from the beam of
a barn and whipping her to unconsciousness. At the same time, the
man was fined $500— for the unrelated charge of "possessing illegal venison".
Men who abuse women need
to hear a clear message from the
Canadian legal system that violence against women will not be
One of the recommendations
ofthe government's report is that
"the federal government take the
lead on gender sensitivity training
for judges by requiring [federally-
appointed] judges to take training
and refresher courses that focus
on violence against women and
related gender-equality issues."
The report also recommends
that provincially-appointed judge
take these courses. The committee
also recommended that a royal
commission on violence against
women be established, and it is
with this point that some groupsin
the front lines of the resistance
movement take issue.
"The Canadian Association of
Sexual Assault Centres, of which
Rape Relief is a member, made a
presentation to the government's
committee and many of our recommendations were adopted in the
white paper, so we are supportive
of it. But now the government
should use the rest of its ten million dollar budget to carry out the '
recommendations," Agnew said.
"There was no unified position on the Royal Commission.
We're calling for the government
to act and activate rather than
gather more data," she said.
Rape Relief alone handled
1100 calls from Vancouver women
reporting incidents of violence
against them in 1990. Between
January and June of 1991, the
Concert will benefit women's centre
The Music Students' Association will be holding a benefit
concert on Saturday, November
30, to raise money for the
Downtown Eastside Women's
The programme will include
a variety of music, said Wendy
Collins, concert organizer. "A lot of
different people will be doing a lot
of different things. There will be
instrumental music, singing, solos
and ensembles. There will be both
classical and contemporary mu
All of the performers are
UBC students.
The concert begins at 6pm
in the recital hall of the Music
Building (across from Yum
Yum's). Tickets are by donation.
Hollywood hates women
by Raul Peschiera
Violence in film today is a hot
issue. Most of what is currently
being said has been sparked by
Martin Scorcese's new film Cape
Fear, in which a socio-psychopath
brutalizes a family. But this scenario is not new.
For years now, violence in
films has increased. And not surprisingly, most of the violence is
against women. Women are
beaten, raped, threatened with
rape and generally abused by the
male villain to enrage or exact
revenge on the male hero.
Brian Mcllroy, UBC assistant
professor in film, stud violence
against women in film is common.
"Misogyny in mainstream
film is quite palatable today. You
could quite easily come up with
your own lexicon of sexually violent movies," he said.
Past and current movies confirm Mcllroy's statements. Most
movies work on formulas that
usually go something like this:
loner guy meets woman, at first
dislikes/disrespects/distrusts her,
villain is introduced, guy begins to
like woman, villain assaults
woman, loner guy kills villain. In
other plots, the hero loves woman,
hero hates villain, villain fails to
kill hero, villain finds woman and
threatens woman, hero gets angry
and kills villain.
"The specific genres of film
made which are popular deal with
violence and sexual exploitation of
both sexes," Mcllroy said.
The reason movies such as
Death Wish, Dirty Harry, or
Nightmare on Elm street, to name
a few, have many sequels attests
to the popularity of such violent
In many cases, the men carrying out vicious acts seem to sadistically eiyoy themselves as they
assault a woman.
Filmmakers may to use this
technique to manipulate the audience into hating the villain, so in
the end, whatever brutal action
the hero uses is seen as a sort of
Woman are exploited by these
filmmakers and consequently de
graded. They are usually only portrayed as sympathetic objects for
the male hero to love and for the
male villain to use.
Regardless ofthe responsibility of filmmakers, there has to be a
large enough audience before studio will shoot anything.
"The studios make these films
for a target audience ranging in
age from 15-25. They're looking at
it like any other product that has a
target audience," Mcllroy said.
A study done in Ontario in the
early '80s found that "in 1983 the
proportion of all films entering
Ontario which contained sexual
violence had increased to 2.4 times
the 1982 rate."
According to the data, projected increases for the "90s would
be nearly six times the 1982 rate,
making sexually violent films the
predominant genre.
In order for these numbers to
decrease, people have to recognize
and reject the violent images, and
not support these movies. This
could narrow the target audience
enough to make these movies unprofitable for studios.
November 29,1991 war against women
centre had already received 590
calls. Agnew said she would prefer
to see government money going to
battered women's centres and
transition houses where it can be
used to help women who are surviving or recovering from male violence.
"We're very supportive of federal funds going directly into the
hands of battered women. The
government is by-passing the established organizations in place to
help battered women," she said.
Coordinator ofthe Downtown
Eastside Women's Centre, Sonia
Marino, is disappointed by the federal government's response to the
situation facing battered women.
She is concerned that the government would spend millions on a
parliamentary sub-committee to
look at violence against women
and at the same time cut funding
to women's centres, often the only
refuge for battered women who
have no other support.
"We don't get any funding
from the federal government and
that's what put us in a good position to bitch about them. Most of
our money comes from civic
grants and bingo. We just got a
$10,000 grant for the provincial
government, and thaf s the first
time they've ever given us
money," Marino said.
Marino also believes money
to be spent on a royal commission would be better going directly to women's centres. "We're
a drop-in centre, not a shelter. We
try to send battered women to Rape
Relief, but because it's so teeny, we
end up sending women all over—
we send them to recovery centres,
out to the municipalities, or sometimes they'll get stuck in places for
hard-to-house people, instead of
in a women's shelter where they
Marino has little faith in a
federal royal commission. "As we
know, there's this pretense of consultation, but by and large the
Conservative government does
what it wants, and after consultation it will still do what it wants.
What we say doesn't make one iota
of difference. The money is better
spent going directly into services."
The federal government recently announcedthatit will spend
$1.5 million to establish "a network of research centres on family
violence and violence against
A government press release
states *^hese centres of excellence
will help to pave the way towards
increased understanding of family
violence and violence against
women. This understanding will
help to eradicate violent acts from
Canadian society."
How many studies will have
to be completed before real action
is taken? How much money will
have to be spent on commissions
and research before the war against
women can be officially stopped?
The federal government established a $136 million Family
Violence Initiative last February
which calls for Canadians to work
together to eliminate "family violence" from our society.
Throwing money into research
projects is not going to change
society's passive acceptance of violence against women. Money should
be going towards an education
programme designed to make violence against women as unacceptable as drinking and driving.
While the government's official recognition of the pervasiveness of violence against women is
commendable and its recommendations are a positive step, it is not
enough to stop the war. Which is
why such organizations as Women
Against Violence Against Women
(WAVAW), Rape Relief and Battered Women's Support exist. And
while these organizations exist
Rape Relief alone
handled 1,100 calls
from Vancouver
women reporting
incidents of violence
against them in
primarily to provide support or
shelter for battered women, they
also play a major role in the resistance movement by keeping the
reality—and consequences—of
violence against women alive in
people's minds.
One strategy that women's
groups use to fight violence against
women is peaceful protest. The
annual Take Back the Night march
is organized in Vancouver by Rape
Relief in conjunction with the Canadian Association of Sexual Assault Centres. This past September marked Vancouver's tenth
march—an event in which women
walk the downtown streets at night
together in protest of male violence
against them.
"Take Back the Night has had
a significant effect on city police
and city council. They know now
that women can and will do what
we have to do to make the city
safe," Agnew said. "The effect of
the march on people is very big
because it is both symbolic action
and a direct action. It's very consciousness-raising."
Women's groups also organize
annual vigils to commemorate the
violent deaths of women at the
hands of men. While serving as
memorials for the casualties ofthe
war against women, the vigils ar e
at the same time very empowering
events for the people who take part.
Holding si burning candle among
hundreds of other people holding
burning candles, singing songs of
remembrance for women who suffered and died for no reason ether
than their sex, people attending
the services can feel the tremendous support and strength among
the women ofthe community.
It is not just women's advocacy groups which are working to
end violence against women. Cther
groups at both the community and
national level have developed
awareness and education
programmes as a means to help
bring the war against women lo an
The Canadian Federation of
Teachers has developed a cur.icu-
lum guide entitled Thumbs D>wn:
A Classroom Response to Violence
Against Women. Debbie Omand,
administrative secretary for the
status of women programme ofthe
British Columbia Teachers' Federation, said that a copy of the
curriculum guide has been sent to
every school in BC. The BCTF encourages the use ofthe curriculum
guide, but it is up to individual
school boards to set their own curriculum.
At the Vancouver General
Hospital, social worker Julia
Higgins is organizing a forum on
December 6 for VGH staff. "Tris is
our way of commemorating i;he
women killed in the Montreal
massacre. It's not to remember
the killer," Higgins said.
The forum will feature
three speakers who will
present statistics on violence against women, an
historical analysis and
information  on the
current legislation
and programmes in
place to deal with
the violence.
"The forum
is designed to
build awareness   of  the
kinds of patient who will
come into the
well   as   our
own personal
lives.        It's
meant to raise
consciousness," Higgins
"We got
from an article
in the Sun
about a private-member's
bill going
through parliament right
now in Ottawa
to make December 6 an official  day of
asking people to wear wh
or armiK
Monl real.
ate the dead.
next, to .Main Lil
The Women
(ice and the  Kn
Lihrarv. held at. 7pm on Friday. Decem-
ien Student"-. Of- |)t.r H outside the Vancouver
Kn^mecrin:.; I'n- Art Gallery.This scar's memo-
Society are also rial will take place on the north
nemorial service 'Georgia Street) side of the
held in SUM Mall- building. Bring a candle.
commemoration for violence
against women. We wanted to do
something here at VGH, which is a
very traditional, conservative institution. This forum is pretty progressive, and that article made the
difference to senior management."
The existence of the war
against women has been officially
recognized by the government of
this country in its report. Now it
will be close to impossible for people
to continue denying that violence
against women is a problem in our
society. Itwill be difficult for people
to continue blaming survivors for
the abuse they are subjected to.
"Society has to change," said
B.J. Tyner, staff worker at
"The way society is set up enables men to be violent towards
women. Men simply have to stop
doing the beating, the raping, the
harassing. It has to be said enough
Violence against women has
to stop.
Women and men live on this
earth together. What hope can we
have of surviving as a species if we
cannot achieve peace between ourselves?
Society has to change. The war
against women must stop.
Support and
counselling for
battered or
sexually abused
women is available
in Vancouver from
the following
Women Against
Violence Against
Women (WAVAW)
Battered Women's
Vancouver Rape Relief
Downtown Eastside
Women's Centre
Women Students' Office
Memorial Services Planned
for December 6th
i"   a   memorial   so
November 29,1991
Students fight for
abortion access
BC choice activists changing
by Martin Chester
choice movement in British Columbia is in a state of flux as the
established coalition has almost
dropped from the scene and new,
student groups take up the slack.
Alisa Nemesis who is a member of the well-established BC
Coalition of Abortion Clinics
(BCCAC) saidthe organization has
had a hard time organizing since
the successful defeat ofthe federal
bill to restrict abortions in Canada
last January.
"There's been a real lack of
momentum after Bill C43 was defeated. It seems that many pro-
choice people thought the battle
was won when we were just defending our ground," Nemesis said.
The BCCAC also has a funding problem. Most of the
organization's funding comes from
the membership. With membership dropping off so does the funding, Nemesis said.
"This makes it difficult because the anti-choice movement is
so well-funded by corporations and
religious institutions," she said.
She said there is still a crisis
of access to abortion, especially
outside of the Lower Mainland.
There are only two abortion clinics
in BC, both in Vancouver, and less
than 50 per cent ofthe hospitals in
the province provide abortions. The
BCCAC set up the Every Woman's
Health Centre, one ofthe two clinics in Vancouver, but the clinic and
the political organization have
since made a split. The clinic has
tried to stay out of the politics of
the issue.
Nemesis hopes the BCCAC
will re-establish itself as a force in
the abortion debate.
"I think the majority of British
Columbians are pro-choice. When
it comes down to the crunch there
are people willing to be there."
"We're planning on being active on International Women's Day
[March 8] and we're interested in
getting involved with other
groups," Nemesis said.
In the meantime student
groups at the University of British
Columbia and the University of
Victoria have picked up some of
the slack.
At UVIC the Pro-Choice Action
Committee has not been active
since a rally at The Bank of
Montreal to protest a a new credit
card which sent its proceeds to an
anti-choice group, but UBC Students for Choice has become very
active. UBCSC has recently begun
to protest against anti-choice protestors at the Every Woman's
Health Centre.
On Wednesday, nine members of UBCSC chased away four
anti-choice protesters outside the
UBCSC co-president Christine Price said BCCAC is an important figure head of the pro-
choice movement in BC.
"They are fairly important
because they are the originating
group in the Lower Mainland and
pretty much, the province, who
organizedthe pro-choice movement
into an organization. They are the
ones responsible for opening the
clinic up," Price said.
Price also said the student
clubs will breath new life into the
pro-choice movement.
"Most of [the BCCAC's]
members are the old movement.
Right now there is alot of inactivity
going on. People are tired of the
issues, tired of fighting.
"A lot of people are getting
involved. It's not just old feminists
any more. A lot of young feminists
are getting involved, and a lot of
men and that is great," Price said.
UBCSC believe that they can
take up the challenge. "Our club is
filled with members who are willing to commit themselves to this
cause. They are willing to be arrested if something we do causes
that. They are willing to put in the
work needed," she said.
"Just because we have two
abortion clinics and we have an
NDP government, there is no reason to stop fighting. I don't think
it's enough to have two clinics in
the Lower Mainland. What we need
to do is take the abortion services
into the Interior and to Vancouver
Island," Price said.
Nemesis said the student pro-
choice movements will spur the
established movements on.
"My own feeling is that we're
getting more active, that the students are getting active and
pushing us," she said.
The only other active pro-
choice groups in BC are small,
grass-roots organizations who are
defending their local hospital
by Carla Maftechuk
Several students gathered at
the Everywoman's Health Centre
on Wednesday to counter-demonstrate against anti-choice protestors picketing the centre, where
abortions are performed.
Although there were fewer
than ten pro-choice activists
present, they well outnumbered
the four anti-choicers.
"The protest went positively,
because it accomplished its purpose, which was to keep the anti-
choice minority away from the
clinic," said Joe Reynolds, a participant in the protest.
UBC Students for Choice, organizers of the counter-demonstration, had been planning to go
to the clinic whether or not there
was to be an organized anti-choice
protest, since Wednesday is a
regular day for them to demonstrate.
"We got word through members ofthe International Socialists
when they went to a conference in
Toronto, that Operation Rescue
was planning a big protest against
all clinics in North America,"
Bonnie Roth, co-president of Students for Choice, said.
Operation Rescue, an anti-
choice group based in the United
States, is known for creating confrontations in front of abortion
clinics in attempts to close them
down. The organization, referred
to as "a publicity stunt," has had
both successes and failures this
year in the US.
"I think the threat [of an Operation Rescue action] is always
there," Roth said. "I don't know
how extreme it will be, but if they
are there, we're prepared."
Christine Price, co-president
ofUB C Students for Choice, agrees.
"Abortion is a fundamental right
for a woman. I don't think there's
any pro-choice person in this city
who would allow [the climes to be
closed down]," she said.
The streets surrounding the
Everywoman's Health Centre have
been generally quiet lately. Hilda
Thomas, president of the EWHC
society's board, hopes they will
remain that way.
"We made a very conscious
decision to consider the clinic as a
health centre. We don't want any
women to be intimidated because
it might be the site of some kind of
demonstration," she said.
When the clinic first opened,
many people were seriously harassed.
"There's no guarantee that
that won't happen again," Thomas
said. Tm very grateful for generous encouragement from the (UBC)
pro-choice club. I hope it is more
symbolic than otherwise."
Henry Morgentaler taken to court in Nova Scotia
by Dawn Mitchell
HALIFAX (CUP)—In an attempt
to regain control of its health-care
system, the Nova Scotia government is taking Henry Morgentaler
to court—again.
Since Morgentaler opened the
doors of his Halifax abortion clinic
in May 1989, the government has
argued that the clinic violates the
provincial Medical Services Act
which lists nine medical procedures that cannot be performed
outside a hospital setting, including abortion.
But two provincial court
judges have ruled the act unconstitutional on the grounds that
the regulation of abortion is an
area of federal concern.
The Public Prosecutions Service has asked the Supreme Court
of Canada to decide whether the
federal government or the province has the authority to pass laws
on the matter, said Peter Spurway,
spokesperson for the provincial
Attorney General's office.
The separation of powers between the two levels of government is set out in sections 91 and
92 of the British North America
Act, 1867. Criminal law falls under federal jurisdiction while
health care is a provincial matter.
However, because this case
will define the governments' legislative powers, the final decision
ofthe Supreme Court will have an
impact on all free-standing abortion clinics.
The decision will be binding
on all jurisdictions in the country,
said Moira MacConnell, an asso
ciate professor of law at Dalhousie
If the Supreme Court upholds
the lower courts' ruling, the federal government will control the
legislation of abortion clinics. If
the decision is overturned, each
province may ban clinics outright.
Although hospitals in the
province perform abortions, the
head nurse at the Halifax
Morgentaler clinic said women are
guaranteed an understanding and
caring approach at the clinic.
"We provide a supportive environment to the women who come
here," she said.
Women under 19 do not need
parental consent for the procedure, and a doctor's referral is not
required by the clinic.
"This is a vital service for the
whole Atlantic region," the nurse
said. Clinic staff perform about 50
abortions each month.
MacConnell says the pro-
choice movement could well be
caught in a difficult position, depending on the court's decision.
"In the short-term, if the Supreme Court finds that abortion
is a federal matter, then [the
provinces] get to keep the clinic,"
she said.
"But, to use that argument
you have to assume [abortion] is
an inherently criminal area to be
regulated under criminal law if it
is to be regulated at all."
There is no federal law
criminalizing abortion in Canada.
In 1988, the Supreme Court
struck down Section 215 of the
Canadian Criminal Code—which
regulated abortion—on the
grounds that it violated the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The Nova Scotia courts declined to rule on whether the
Medical Services Act al so violate d
the Charter. This matter may also
be determined by the Supreme
The federal government attempted to replace the old law in
1989, but it satisfied neither pro-
choice advocates nor anti-abortionists, and was eventually defeated in the Senate.
The Supreme Court's decision
to hear the Public Prosecution
Services appeal ofthe lower courts'
rulings was announced on November 14, but the case is not
expected to be heard until April or
November 29,1991 PEACE ISSUES
Making our place in the '90s
by Nadene Rehnby
doing all of the usual nauseating things that make your friends
roll their eyes and your parents
shake their heads. All of a sudden
walks on the beach at sunset, which
you always thought were boring
and kind of cheezy, are tender and
exquisite. You and your new love
spend four out of five nights together and spend the other on the
phone. Until five in the morning.
The night before your mid-term.
You start skipping classes and the
ones that you do attend are spent
staringblankly into space with that
-pathetic look on your face.
Only this time, ifs different.
Because you may not be sure if
you're a lesbian, but your new girlfriend definitely is. Orhe'sgay. And
all of a sudden those wonderful
pangs of joy are being referred to by
your friends as sick and perverted.
You stop goingfor walks on the
beach at sunset because you hear
that a gay couple got bashed there
by three guys with a baseball bat.
And you start getting jolted out of
your hormone induced reverie by
the number of anti -queer comments
that you start noticing in your
classes or find in your course readings.
Only it gets worse. Because in
the middle of your mother explaining that your new love is not welcome over for Christmas Eve drinks
with the rest of your friends, you get
an eviction notice. Seems the own-
basement suite have "small children who need to be protected from
that sort of thing"; or your lover
loses his job because "it doesn't reflect well on the company"; or she
was discharged from the Armed
Services, which she had been
counting on to pay for her education.
And you know that twelve y ear-
ol d monster you've been volunteering for as a Big Brother? Well the
trust andrespect that you've busted
your ass for over a year to get is shot
when the organization reminds you
of their no-homosexual policy. Despite the fact that the boy's mother
knows and has no problem with it.
Seattle's Q Patrol
So when you and your lover
decide you need to get out of town
for awhile and then discover that
the reservation you made over the
phone has been mysteriously cancelled, you've about had it. You decide it's time to take action.
Canada's constitution has a
Charter of Rights and Freedoms
that protects against discrimination, and you know you've
been discriminatedagainst.
People may not like the fact
that you're a lesbian, but they
certainly don't have a right to
remove your place of residence,
your job, or your access to education
or health care. Or do they?
Section 15 of the Charter of
Rights and Freedoms in the Canadian constitution reads as follows:
"Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the
right to the equal protection and equal
benefit of the law, without discrimination.
And, in particular, without discrimination
based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical
disability." You read that part again: "race,
national or ethnic origin, colour, religion,
sex, age or mental or physical disability." Notice anything missing?
But wait, there is
still the Canadian Human Rights Act, which covers
discrimination in the federal jurisdiction—like government employees or people who work for national
corporations. That would at least
cover the job he lost working for the
tax department. Another dead
end—it also does not include discrimination based on sexual orientation in its list.
Finally, there is the provincial
Human Rights Act. But come on
now, you didn't really expect the
Socreds to have you in there, did
you? Since Quebec included sexual
orientation in their human rights
legislation in 1977, only Manitoba,
the Yukon and Ontario have followed suit, with Nova Scotia extending protection to gays and lesbians under the category "sex." You
have no human rights protection as
a lesbian or gay man in British
You feel wiped out. You feel
non-existent, despite the fact that,
according to the widely accepted
stats of Alfred Kinsey, almost three
million Canadians are lesbian or
gay. When your best friend ;|ives
you her spiel about why gay couples
shouldn't be allowed to have children, you suggest that she have
them all forcibly sterilized. Whoops?
There goes your best friend.
sad.   I
don't be
sad. Be outraged. Be fuckingFURI-
OUS. Who they hell are they to
decide whose hand you chocse to
hold? It's not natural, they say, but
you know that's shit because there
are hundreds ofmillions oflesbians
and gay men in the world, in every
country, in every city, in every
family's history. Who are we trying
to fool? What farce are we allowing
our society to be when in 1991 the
mayor of a major Canadian city can
proclaim German Shepherd week
and not Lesbian and Gay Pride day,
despite the fact that he has two gay
We don't want you to threaten
"the family," they say. What family? Raise your hand if you i;hink
your family is "normal." Withhold
ing housing doesn't prevent people
from being gay, and it won't make
us start "normal families"—it just
means that gays won't have housing.
The good news is that lesbians
and gay men are becoming a very
large thorn in the side of the
straight, white, christian males who
control our society. Two decades of
moving out ofthe closets and into
the streets has caused
a crack in that picture
perfect nostalgia for the
time that never existed.
Men and women who are
openly gay are now educators
and cops, army officers, bartenders and hospital administrators. And we're seeping
through cracks into those bastions of homophobia. Take the
Toronto City Police for instance,
well known for open hostility to gay
men. The appointment of a lesbian
to police commissioner last year is
probably going to make it a little
more difficult for them
to discriminate against
Fairweather, previous chief commissioner ofthe Canadian Human
Rights Commission, has said on
numerous occasions that sexual
orientation is a glaring omission in
the CHRA, and should be included.
Hell, even Amnesty International
has addressed its long standing
homophobia and included people
imprisoned for being homosexual
as prisoners of conscience.
The victories are still small,
is still the same guy who displayed
world-class intolerance by trying to
refuse the Gay Games access to
UPC facilities ("Why would one not
participate in the normal men's
athletics or the normal women's
athletics?") but even he was con-
vincedlast summer to write a statement supporting lesbian and gay
spousal health care benefits. And
while ifs still a dangerous career
move to talk about your same-sex
lover at the department head's wine
and cheese, many UBC faculty are
out, indeed outspoken, members of
the gay community.
We are also talking with our
dollars—ifs becoming more difficult for openly homophobic businesses to keep the same bottom
line. We are going public with their
homophobia, refusing to give them
our business and asking everyone
else to do likewise. Remember that
next time you're on the Drive and
looking for a coffee bar. Joe's Cafe
will get back his lesbian dollars
when he apologizes to his lesbian
Finally, we're talking with our
votes. The lesbian and gay community put the question of sexual
orientation to candidates in the last
provincial election and got the issue
on the platform. Among other
promises that addressed the gay
and lesbian community, Promise
44 stated that the NDP government would change the Human
Rights Act to ban discrimination
based on sexual orientation.
And we fully intend to hold our
newly-elected government to their
promise, as we will apply pressure
to the newly-elected NDP in
Saskatchewan. That leaves only
Alberta, Newfoundland, PEI, New
Brunswick and the North West
Territories without protection from
discrimination based on sexual orientation. Surely this would pressure Ottawa into finally acting on
five years of promises to amend the
constitution to include sexual orientation?
But it may be easier than that.
A ruling passed down in federal
court this September challenges the
Canadian Human Rights Act,
claiming it violates the Charter of
Rights and Freedoms in the constitution, the supreme law of the
The case addresses the release
of air force captain Joshua Birch,
who was told he would no longer
qualify for promotions, postings or
further military career training
because he is gay. Judge Joseph
McDonald ruled in favour of Birch,
but stayed the decision for six
months. This gives the federal government until March 23, 1992 to
amend the human rights act to include sexual orientation, or to file
... see RIGHTS, next page
Out in the streets defending queer visibility
SEATTLE—Think of this: You're
on the street coming back from a
night at the bar with friends, or a
movie with a date. Suddenly, a
group of six youths wielding bats
approach you out ofthe night. "Hey,
queer. We're going to kill you."
by Paul Dayson
Everyday, this or similar incidents are being reported with increasing frequency in North
America. Anti-gay violence and
queer bashing regularly result in
hospitalization and death, as well
as fear. But now another outcome
is becoming imaginable.
Asthey run towards you another group of a dozen people turn
the corner. Dressed in uniforms
and walking information they put
themselves between you and the
attackers. The attackers, seeing
your new-found friends, turn and
In at least nine cities across
the United States, including New
York, Boston, San Francisco,
Houston and Seattle, lesbian and
gay street patrols are working to
combat violence in lesbian and gay
The Q Patrol, Seattle's lesbian
and gay street patrol, began
training in October 1990 and have
now been safeguarding the streets
for ten months.
The patrol is usually composed
of six to nine members each night
with about 30 active members in
the organization, according to Alex
Cleghorn, Q Patrol coordinator.
Like some patrol members,
Cleghorn is a student. Others are
warehouse workers, machinists or
computers operators. But all are
united by a desire to end the violence directed at lesbians and gays.
"I can't stand by and watch another
queer get bashed," she said.
Patrol members tend to be in
theirmid-20s. "Eighteen or 17year
olds show some interest but they
don't seem to stick around," said Q
Patrol member Dave Kreft, a food
bank worker who has been with
the patrol since March. The commitment of both Friday and Saturday, prime bar time, for patrolling and a third night for training
might be one of the reasons for
this, he added.
"We have a fluctuating membership, about 80 people in total
have been involved. There is high
turnover due to high stress,"
Cleghorn said.
Patrols start 10pm on Friday
and Saturday nights. For the next
four hours the QPatrol crisscrosses
Seattle's Capitol Hill gay and lesbian district, first concentrating
on the Broadway shopping area,
then later around the bars near
Pike Street. Their patrols follow
the flow of people in the area.
They see themselves as a visual deterrent to queer bashing.
Decked out in black berets sporting queer liberation badges, and
grey jackets with "Q Patrol" printed
on the back, they walk in pairs
about six feet apart.
"Most people who come here
[to attack or harass gays and lesbians] don't expect to see people
prepared," Cleghorn said.
The Q Patrol was originally
trained by the Guardian Angels
who taught them basic self-de-
fense, how to perform shakedowns,
how to work together as a f jroup
and how to take verbal abuse.
Yet, Cleghorn said, "We don't
know how much of a difference we
Reported incidents of queer
bashing have increased by approximately 70 per cent in Seattle
this year.
Cleghorn saidthiscouldeither
be an increase in the level of violence, or it may be a result of people
being less afraid to report attacks.
Seattle's increase of reported
queer bashings are part of a larger
trend. Incidents reported to lesbian
and gay victim services increased
by 11 per cent in Chicago, 29 per
cent in San Francisco, 65 per cent
in New York City and 133 per cent
in Minneapolis-St.Paul last year.
The National Gay and Lesbian Task Force estimates 1,000
incidents of queer bashing or verbal assaults occur each day in the
US and 70 per cent of these attacks
are not reported.
The reality of unreported attacks prompt patrollers like Pam
Foss, who has been with Q Patrol
for three months, to say, "Something has to be done."
"We've only had one serious
injury from something happening
on patrol," said Cleghorn, omitting
she was the one attacked.  •
Two gay men returning from a
club were in a parking lot when
people began leaving a dance at
the Knights of Columbus Hall.
"They were calling them Taggof in
Spanish. We arrived and talked
them down," explained Mark
Scheiele, a computer science student.
"Then this car pulled up. The
driver and another man got out
and went straight for [Cleghorn]
and started kicking her," he said.
Another time the patrol was
jumped by two station wagon-loads
of teenagers wielding guns.
Kreft said the patrol spends
most of their time following people.
Foss said, "The other night
there were these two guys carrying
sticks on the corner. We just followed them and we followed them
right out ofthe Capitol district."
"They kept looking back. It
was obvious something was up,"
Kreft said.
"People in the community feel
safer," Cleghorn said.
Indeed, it is the lesbian and
gay community the Q Patrol relies
upon for its existence. Cleghorn
acknowledges volunteers and
funding come from the community.
Businesses also fund the group
for uniforms and walkie talkies.
Last weekend, a fund-raiser
Thanksgiving dinner was held for
them by the Wild Rose, a local
The patrol also has a good
working relationship with the Seattle Police Department, mostly
interacting with the East Precinct.
... see PATROL next page
November 29,1991
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... from previous page
an appeal. If neither happens, section 3 of the Canadian Human
Rights Act will become invalid
Other cases heard in Canadian courts have ruled in favour of
lesbians and gays who have been
discriminated against. Cases like
the Gay Alliance Toward Equality
vs. The Vancouver Sun, which challenged advertising censorship, and
the fight for bereavement leave for
a gay partner fought in Mossop vs.
the Treasury Boardof Canada, have
been won in Canadian courts. One
of the most recent victories was
Knodel vs. the Medical Services Act,
where a BC man was granted provincial health care coverage for his
There have also been losses,
and even the victories have sometimes meant masquerading as heterosexual couples (See? We're just
like you!) in order to get rights, but
the fact that some courts are addressing the rights of lesbians and
gays is a sign of hope.
The injustices challenged in the
courts, the legislatures and in the
streets have radically changed the
lives of lesbians and gays entering
the 90s. It is even possible, although
most would say unlikely, that all
three levels of human rights legislation could be amended to include
sexual orientation, perhaps even
within the next year, and could
mark the beginning of the end of
discrimination for Canadian lesbians and gays.
But attitudes still have to
change. You've still got that small
problem of what to do with your
mother and lover on Chri stmas Eve.
You've still got to find a way to
keep jobs and housing and get
medical care, because the discrimination you receive as an openly gay
man will often be disguised as
something else—if s hard to convince someone that the prof who
consistently gives you lousy marks
is doing it because he doesn't like
And you've still got to learn to
survive in a society that forces heterosexuality on you every day, but
expects you to keep your life with
your partner in the bedroom.
You know that you can't sue
your parents for not allowing you to
see your little sister any more, but
changing the laws are part of
changing attitudes—making it not
okay to fire your lesbian secretary
or refuse to give medical care to
your gay patient. Because when
our courts, our government and our
institutions stop punishing us for
being who we are, we can gain a
little more freedom to be out and a
part of this world.
And those cheezy little walks
at sunset won't be just for heterosexuals anymore.
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Cleghorn attributes this partly
to Seattle's ordinances regarding
hate crimes, which give increased
sentences for crimes motivated by
prejudice. Seattle's police have
mandatory sensitivity-training
regarding the lesbian and gay
community, on top of regulations
that prohibit discrimination on the
basis of sexual orientation.
"[The police] can be bigots all
they want off duty, but on duty
they can't. It'll cost them their jobs,"
Cleghorn said.
Another reason is, according
to Foss and Scheiele, the patrol
helps prevent drunken fights out
side the bars and "take care of a bit
ofthe nuisance stuff."
They often use their walkie
talkies to radio a base where another volunteer phones the police
and alerts them of problems. "We
share information with the police.
We tell them what's happening
and they sometimes tell us people
to look out for," Cleghorn said.
"They must like us—they give
us things," joked Kreft, motioning
to a badge on his beret.
Some community members
have criticized the patrol for its
connection to the Guardian Angels,
who are seen by many as being
homophobic. But Cleghorn said her
experience with the Guardian
Angels has been -positive.
"They trained us in techniques
but when I thanked them, they
thanked us for teaching them
things about our community," she
The same sentiment has been
echoed by Christopher Ford, a
straight Guardian Angel who
helped train San Francisco's street
patrol. "Ifs been a learning experience for me," he said. "We were
training them, but they were
training us in terms of sensitivity."
Cleghorn states the Q Patrol
are not vigilantes and members do
not see themselves as judge and
"We do everything legally and
are careful to stay within those
bounds " she said.
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"I don't
even know
what street
Canada is
-Gangster Al Capone.
Tell your fellow students the
real poop on things. Help with
The Ubyssey. Room 241K,
November 29,1991 ^
Classified violence
Instead of reading the usual "for sale" and "help
wanted" notices in a student paper classifieds section,
a woman discovers a rape threat personally addressed
to her.
by Effie Pow
It was like being raped again,
says Kim Anda Jarzebiak, a first-
year arts student at Langara, who
has decided to leave school at the
end of this year because of the
harassment that she is receiving.
"I'm tired of dealing with it. If
other women want to organize
that's fine," she says.
"I need some rest. I want to
disappear for a few months and
get away from politics."
The rape threat, published
on October 3 in The Gleaner
(Langara's student newspaper),
was written by two male students
who worked with Jarzebiak at the
paper and knew she had been previously raped.
The week before its publication, Jarzebiak had spoken
against another ad that referred
to Sheila Copps as a "slut".
"If someone is sick enough to
write about it, they're sick enough
to do it," Jarzebiak says.
"It's not a joke. People say
•you don't think it'll happen, do
you'—well, how do I know?"
Since the ad incident gained
widespread media attention, some
of Langara's male students have
harassed Jarzebiak in the hallways—they ask her if she wants
to be raped, or call her "slut" and
"bitch." She has also received
threatening phone calls.
Many received the ad as a
joke, including a male television
reporter who told her he thought
the ad would just be a joke, except
that the men on the collective
knew she had been raped before.
Some blame Jarzebiak for the
hallway harassment because she
chose to speak to the media.
"I'm constantly having to defend myself. Defend why the ad
was wrong, why I'm angry, why I
want [the writers of the ad] ex-
"Women are
complaining because
a lack of action sets a
precedent which
makes the campus
unsafe for women."
pelled," she says.
So far, Langara principal
David Cane has written to
Jarzebiak to tell her the rape
threat authors will attend a sexism seminar and a temporary
record ofthe case will be added to
school files.
Cane is reportedly setting up
a grievance committee to examine the case, even though in a
letter dated November 18 to
Jarzebiak, Cane wrote that the
college considered the measures
for the two male students appropriate and the matter resolved.
Linda Holmes, dean of administration and student services,
says the college sexual harassment policy was not in place when
Jarzebiak filed her complaint.
"What is being followed is a
student grievance procedure," she
Currently, an official
Vancouver Community College
committee is working on finalizing a policy to deal with sexual
harassment andis hiring a sexual
harassment advisor. A volunteer
committee started working on the
policy four years ago.
Martin Gerson, one of the
original committee members, says
the policy is much needed and
should be in place in the new year,
after the sexual harassment advisor is hired.
"It would be clear who to go to
with the complaint, and there
would be a clear set of guidelines.
At the moment there is a definition of harassment and a statement that says it is not condoned,"
Gerson says.
"The student grievance policy
deals with administration. For
example, students who don't like
the content of a course have used
it. It's more limited to instruction
and services provided by the college."
John Shapiro, the co-advisor
of UBC's Sexual Harassment Of-
Tm constantly
having to defend
myself. Defend why
the ad was wrong,
why I'm angry, why I
want them expelled."
fice, says if a similar situation
occurred at UBC, it would be up to
the woman to decide what action
she wanted to take.
"We would accept the complaint, but she has to be able to
identify the persons involved. We
could attempt some mediation,
some form of education or rules
[the offenders] would have to adhere by," he says.
If a woman wanted to go the
disciplinary route, there wouldbe
an investigation and a hearing.
Three people are appointed to hear
the case—two UBC representatives and a lawyer—who would
find facts and recommend discipline.
"There is a whole range of
discipline. There is usually a notice put on their transcript,"
Shapiro says. "This is fairly significant. It may seem like a slap
on the wrist, but it could affect
the person's application to
graduate studies or other
Last fall, some male
students living in UBC's
Cariboo Residence sent
sexually violent "invitations" to female residents.
"In the case of the
Cariboo   incident,   the
Sexual Harassment Office
was consulted but we did
not handle it because groups
of students were involved,
but the president has the
right to investigate and discipline," he says.
Shapiro acknowledges
the blame and emotional
costs a woman faces because of sexual harassment.
"Considering the effects on a woman, I'm
not sure anything could
be done that would be
equitable," he says.
"UBC has been
involved for years now
[with a policy] and
[other schools] are at
different stages. They
need to take more progressive steps and
make environments
safe for women."
Jessie     Suth
erland, a second-year Langara
arts student, is one of the many
women concerned about
Jarzebiak's case and is lobbying
for more action.
"Seven women went to Eiavid
Cane's office last week and complained," she says. "It was also a
warning that women on campus
are going to take action thai; will
involve the city."
"Women are complaining because alack of action sets a precedent which makes the campus
unsafe for women."
She contacted the provincial
ombudsperson and says a ktter-
writing campaign has been
started across Canada.
The men who wrote the
threatening ad no longer work on
The Gleaner and personal ads are
not accepited.
However, in the same office
(after the ad appeared), Jarzebiak
found a neatly hand-written note
asking if she wanted to be raped.
She says after talking more
than an hour with the collective,
most ofthe men were still defensive.
"They thought they were trying to support me, but they clidn't
ask me what I needed," she says.
On top of school work and the
consequences ofthe ad, Jarzebiak
ran as a Green Party candidate.
The first of seven all-candidates
meetings took place at Langara
soon after Jarzebiak found the
"Speaking in front of so many
people knowing someone threat-
enedyouis scary—knowing there
are people who want to hurt you."
The accumulation of events
continues to be emotionally and
physically draining. Jarzebiak
has ulcers and is on medication.
Even though other wome n are
rallying to support her, Jarzebiak
still expects personal harassment.
"Anytime a womsin speaks
out, anytime a woman is where
'society* doesn't think is acceptable, there is
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November 29,1991
THE UBYSSEY/9 r.*.—d*iafJ.J.-h..l.jauL.jiftj!..f...A
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US breaks Geneva protocol
Hard times, war crimes, and big bad Bush
MONTREAL(CUP)—Iraq lies in ruins, and the em
bargo is choking the last life from it. Three hundred
thousand Iraqi children will die this year as a result
ofthe destruction ofthe country. Food and medicine
bought before the embargo have not been allowed in.
by LeifR. Montin and Jon O'Brien
"Can we possibly keep silent
as a thousand Iraqi children die
each day?" asked Gabrielle
Gemma, who spent three weeks
in Iraq in April.
Gemma is a member of the
Commission of Inquiry of the International War Crimes Tribunal,
which met in Montreal last weekend. The tribunal is charging U.S.
president George Bush with
crimes against humanity.
Bush, Colin Powell, Norman
Schwarzkopf and other U.S. officials are charged with 19 war
"What I saw in Iraq
was a massacre, carried out by a technical
juggernaut. These
people had no chance
of protecting themselves or of defending
crimes, including crimes against
humanity, crimes against peace
and violation ofthe Charter of the
United Nations. In addition, tribunal members charge the war
contravened the Geneva Protocol
on Human Rights. Article 52 of
Section I of the protocol guarantees general protection of civilian
The tribunal has heard evidence in Hong Kong, Malaysia,
Japan, Australia, Turkey and
Belgium. By the end of next month
it will have visited more than 50
cities on five continents. The findings of the hearings will be presented to the United Nations and
the International Court of Justice
in early spring.
The U.S.-led war against Iraq
started January 16 and lasted 42
days. U.S. forces flew over 110,000
air sorties during the war, indiscriminately bombarding homes,
factories, food depots and hospitals—all structures that support
day to day civilian existence.
Ren6 Dumont spent a month
in Iraq in September as part of a
United Nations team of observers.
"It was not a war, it was a
massacre," said Dumont, an eyewitness to the war and the first to
speak at the tribunal.
"The war served two purposes," he testified. "To kill Iraqis
and to destroy the infrastructure
ofthe country."
Among the many civilian
structures reduced to rubble,
Dumont visited the infamous baby
milk plant in Baghdad. The U.S.
claimed it manufactured chemi
cals for weapons. Dumont was allowed to wander through the
rubble without any restrictions,
and saw no evidence that the plant
was used for chemical weapons.
He also visited a centre for
the nation-wide distribution of
agricultural goods 18 km northwest of
Baghdad, which was completely
destroyed. Iraq imports most of
its food, producing only 30 per
cent of its total requirements.
Paul Roberts, an award-win-
"The disorienting effect of the bombing is
a form of psychological warfare.
"When you've been
kept up ten nights in a
row, you begin to lose
your sense of reality."
ning BBC documentary maker and
Oxford professor, was the only
Western writer to travel in Iraq
during the conflict.
"The carpet bombing in Iraq
was worse than in Cambodia,"
Roberts, who covered that U.S.
war in the early 1970s, told the
Robert spent several weeks
travelling with Bedouins and
Kurds, assessing the on-going
damage. He recently wrote a report about the damage in Iraq for
Saturday Night magazine.
"The bomb blasts hit me in
the chest and knocked the wind
out of me. The bombing of Cambo-
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dia, by comparison, was a war on
a human scale," he said. "What I
saw in Iraq was a massacre, carried out by a technical juggernaut. These people had no chance
of protecting themselves or of defending themselves."
He said that he had witnessed
widespread destruction of civilian facilities—warehouses,
schools, and entire industrial
suburbs flattened by B-52 carpet
bombing. Non-military facilities
were consistently destroyed, in-
cludingpassenger and cargo lanes,
aqueducts, markets and telephone
During his stay in Iraq, Roberts survived three waves of night
bombing in the area of Baghdad.
"The disorienting effect of the
bombing is a form of psychological
warfare," he said.
"When you've been kept up
ten nights in a row, you begin to
lose your sense of reality."
The bombings nearly always
started in the early evening and
continued until morning. The
schedule was so regular that infants began wailing every evening
at that time, anticipating the air
Every morning the wounded
were carried outside where they
awaited ambulances, Roberts
said. But the ambulances never
"There were no doctors," said
Roberts. "Saddam had sent them
to the front."
Roberts emphasized the targeting of civilians and infrastructure as a fundamental goal ofthe
war. As almost all facilities in
Iraq were constructed by foreign
companies that were part of the
U.S.-led coalition, the Pentagon
had access to information about
the exact locations of various
buildings. There was no excuse
for hitting so many buildings that
were not used for military purposes, he said.
Roberts described a child he
had seen "with his stomach ripped
open," and another who had lost a
leg from the bombing. A week before the bombing ended, the Red
Crescent Society of Jordan estimated 113,000 Iraqi civilians had
been killed. Sixty per cent were
Roberts came forward because he is upset with the contradiction between the official myth
of "bloodless surgical strikes" and
what he saw on the ground.
"When I reached Istanbul and
watched CNN, I saw that what
was being presented was not what
was going on at all," he said.
Another tribunal witness,
Charlotte Paquet, accompanied
Dumont on the UN trip to Iraq to
study post-war conditions. Paquet
said the far-reaching effects ofthe
bombing had "destroyed a nation
and ensured its subservience to
the U.S."
Local Iraqis told her conditions on the front were better than
those in Baghdad.
"War is not supposed to be an
attack on the population of a
country," she said.
Paquet condemned the ongoing embargo of Iraq. The coalition
of countries arrayed against Iraq
cannot support the 18 million war
victims in Iraq with foreign aid,
nor is the coalition likely to do so
in the future, she said.
Today, 90 per cent ofthe Iraqi
population is unemployed and food
and resources of all kinds are
scarce, Paquet said. Turkey has
refused to deliver 32,000 tons of
milk that had been purchased
prior to the war, or to pay for 100
million barrels of oil.
"The country needs to rebuild
itself, to stop the dying, and we
won't allow them to stop their own
suffering with the current embargo," Paquet said.
Canada is not guiltless, either. Illegal weapons were usedin
the conflict, including napalm and
fuel air explosives (FAEs), which
engineering professors at McGill
University conducted research on
in the mid-1980s. U.S. and Canadian bombers attacked Iraqi military personnel and civilians fleeing Kuwait on Feb. 25 using napalm and FAEs.
Roberts said one flatbed truck
was found containing nine bodies.
The occupants' hair and clothes
were burned off, and their skin
was incinerated by heat so intense it melted the windshield onto
the dashboard.
Zuhair Kashmeri, senior editor at Toronto's Now weekly, also
criticized Canada at the tribunal
for its comportment during the
war. He recently wrote The Gulf
Within, a book on how Canadian
"The Arab population
of Canada was pinpointed as being terroristic and evil, creating a wave of resentment against
them.This kind of
government-sponsored racism mobilized popular support
of the war."
police services targeted Arabs
during the war for security investigations.
"The Arab population of
Canada was pinpointed as being
terroristic and evil, creating a
wave of resentment against them,"
he said. "This kind of government-
sponsored racism mobilized
popular support ofthe war."
Kashmeri also said the government and media collaborated
on a propaganda campaign to convince the Canadian public that
the war was a good thing. Voices
of dissent and the Arab community were marginalized, he said.
Prior to the propaganda campaign, 57 per cent of Canadians
opposed the war. But soon after it
started, he said, polls found that a
majority of Canadians supported
November 26 Ubyssey:
Stuart Parker was incorrectly named the
leader ofthe Green Party.
November 29,1991 Given a chance,
they'll dance
by Helen Willoughby-Price
If they couldn't dance, would
they still want to be part of the
Mayor Gordon Campbell
made an official proclamation regarding November 10, 1991—in
the city of Vancouver, this day is
now "Give Peace A Dance Day."
Give Peace a Dance
Commodore Ballroom
November 10
The fourth Give Peace a
Dance event took place at the
Commodore Ballroom. With its
bouncy dance floor, the Commodore was an ideal place to hold the
dance, which had previously been
held outdoors at the Plaza of Nations.
As soon as the first band
started, the dance floor filled. Energetic youngsters in tie-dyed
shirts contorted their bodies in all
sorts of marvelous ways. Only at
an event such as this could you
see six and seven-year-olds running around and playing games
with each other at the Commodore.
The line-up of bands included
Chris Houston and Evil Twang,
Oliver and the Elements, Roots
Round-up, Ngoma, and Spirit of
the West. Each group gave a terrific performance.
The amount of energy cre-
ated by the
audience was
amazing—especially for an
all ages event
with only
nicotine and adrenaline to serve
as stimulants. It isn't surprising
the bands performed so well. I've
never seen a more appreciative
group of dancers.
Towards the end of the
evening, Svend Robinson gave a
speech, but only a short one as the
crowd was anxious to see Spirit of
the West.
The End The Arms Race Coalition and the Pacific Peace Umbrella Society presented the event.
The ETARC represents a wide
spectrum of local and political organizations concerned with peace
issues, and for the past ten years
has successfully organized
Vancouver's Annual Walk for
Peace and
The goal
of Give Peace
a Dance is to
bring together
people of all
ages and all
types to support and celebrate peace
and environmental aware
ness. The funds raised will support a peace and environmental
educational programme for
schools throughout the region, as
well as the peace projects of the
End the Arms Race Coalition.
Give Peace a Dance is only
one part of the Coalition's Student Outreach Program, which
informs students about militaiism
and the environment through
classroom presentations, videos,
and discussions.
Overall, the event (though
long) was heartwarming and enjoyable. I'm sure most ofthe people
there would support peace even if
they couldn't dance.
Author speaks of
Soviet identity crisis
I Chris Houston and The Evil Twang
Roots Round-up
A cynic bets on rosy future
by Andrew Csinger
Gwynne Dyer has always
been a busy man. He's been a
lecturer in military history, an
officer in three navies, he has
authored several books and produced documentaries with the
National Film Board. He keeps
busy these days with a syndicated
column on international affairs
and with documentary contributions to CBC's The Journal.
Gwynne Dyer
Richmond Gateway Theatre
November 21
Dyer entered stage left ofthe
Richmond Gateway Theatre
wearing his trademark leather
jacket, and began his talk with a
cryptic, playful: "Something funny
is going on."
He said he was struck by the
realization that history is not conforming to its traditional rules, on
a bridge in Prague two years ago.
Human history often "lurches,"
he said, but the recent global
transformations are unprecedented for two central reasons:
rapid change usually goes with
massive violence and change is
not usually for the better, but it is,
in the current global developments.
Setting aside his customary
journalistic cynicism, Gwynne
said he is "delighted" Russia is
becoming a democratic country.
Today two-thirds live under conditions that more or less deserve
the title, he said.
Anticipating attacks from the
audience, he tackles the apparent
anomaly of the Tiananmen massacre head on. The People's Republic of China continues to lag
behind the rest ofthe world in its
path to democracy because ofthe
first-generation old men who run
that country and their belief in
their right to rule and to kill. Dyer
predicts peaceful democratic
change will arrive soon in China,
to make 90 per cent ofthe world's
population democratic.
Assuming democratic countries don't go to war with each
other, Gwynne concluded "the
United Nations is back." Due to
recent changes in its constituents,
the UN will no longer be paralyzed by veto and will be able to do
the job for which it was conceived.
He explained the role of UN
with two rules: no one can change
borders any more by force and
"thou shalt not have any intervention in domestic affairs without invitation."
Happily, he added, the latter
is "getting bent." Leftover proxy
wars of the Cold War are being
shut down by UN initiatives.
UN intervention may take
place in Yugoslavia soon, he predicts.
He said we can forget about
nuclear war for now, the real
threat is the challenge to the environment, "damn-the-conse-
quences industrialization is happening now in the Third World
even faster thanit didin the Went,"
with disaster imminent.
He speculates we are in the
midst of "the final collapse ofthe
patriarchal system."
"This is the end of the god-
king, rule-by-decree, mass:ve
militarization, oppression of
women package."
The world is ready once agirin
for its "natural" political style—
rule by consensus. The operative
rule he proposes is that mass scci-
ety without mass communication
cannot be democratic. The breakdown of the patriarchal rule began, Dyer said, not with CNN, but
with the printing press.
Concluding that our dilemmas and our solutions are technology-driven, he warned it is going to be a race down to the wi re.
His language colourful and
his sharp acid wit intact right to
the end of the question period,
when he complained he needed a
drink more than he needed to answer another question, Gwynne
Dyer's opinions are always entertaining.
by Szilard Fricaka
For Polish author Ryszard
Kapuscinski, advertising merely
by word of mouth will fill a lecture
By age 23 he received the
Golden Cross of Merit for his critical examination ofthe appalling
working conditions in the Nowa
Huta steel factory, then considered a showpiece of communist
industrial achievement.
Shortly thereafter, he began
his career as a foreign correspondent for the Polish wire service,
PAP. While covering an improbable 27 revolutions, Kapuscinski
often found himself at the mercy
of a jungle environment scarcely
friendlier than the firing squads
he faced. The stories are endless,
like the time he contracted tuberculosis and cerebral malaria in
Uganda, or at a Nigerian roadblock, where he was doused in
benzene because it guarantees
complete incineration.
Kapuscinski is, however,
dedicated to literature and influential in the development of creative non-fiction. A genre that incorporates immediate experience
with poetic artistry to create a
final product that speaks to the
soul of humanism.
Therefore, while works such
as The Emperor or Shah of Shahs
describe life under two of the
world's longest reigning dictators,
they also explore a more universal theme: the nature of totalitarian leadership. Something with
which many Poles and eastern
Europeans were intimately acquainted.
On Wednesday, Kapuscinski
spoke at UBC about the revolution ofthe Soviet Union, the 28th
one he has witnessed. Between
1989 and 1991 he travelled the
sprawling nation and visited even
the remotest corners in order to
understand what was happening
at the grass-roots level.
His "bottom-up" approach
was based on a belief that the
West created its impression ofthe
Soviet Union from the reports of
journalists who have contacts
among Russian intellectuals, dissidents and writers. This was not,
however, an accurate description.
"This is a very limited group
of people and very cut off from the
rest of society," he said.
"Unless you get to those
people, the common people ofthe
street, your vision of the country
is formed by those intellectuals
which have very little knowledge
of what is going on in the country."
Kapuscinski devoted most of
his lecture to this subject. He did
not address specific topics like the
August coup, but laid the groundwork for a full understanding of
communism's impact on the people
of the Soviet Union—a situation
in which "it was better not to know
and if you know, it was better to
keep silent."
Russians, however, were permitted, even encouraged, to exercise a perverse kind of curiosity. A
female journalist, he knew, who
was sent to Italy for the first time,
bought two pairs of shoes in the
same colour to pretend she bought
only one pair of shoes. "This was
very important because otherwise
she would be questioned, *how did
you get this money, how were you
able to buy two pairs of shoes'."
Thus a society based on mutual mistrust rather than mutual
trust was created.
Kapuscinski also described
the extent of the identity crisis
presently faced by the Soviet
Union. He said three forces of
disintergration are taking place:
on the level ofthe empire, inside
of Russia itself and within individual republics.
"Yeltsin is not the president
of Russia because there is no
Russia. Yeltsin is the President of
Federal Russian Socialist Republic Federation, in which there are
34 autonomous republics and re-
gions,"he said."Andmany of those
republics want to secede from
Russia. So Yeltsin will face, very
soon probably, the same trouble
that Gorbachev faced, the forces
of independence will destroy his
This identity crisis,
Kapuscinski said, extends to the
individual level. While many
Georgians, Latvians and
Uzbekistanis may have written
"Soviet" in the citizenship section
of their identity cards, many did
to avoid the repression exercised
on ethnic nationals. Today these
people are stepping forward to renounce their Soviet identity and
to declare their nationalism.
Yet Kapuscinski expressed
his misgivings regarding some of
the purported secessionists in
Soviet Asia.
The neo-Stalinist cliques that
feared developing democratic
forces declared independence in
the republics, according to
Kapuscinski. "They seek to hold
on to power by declaring independence, by declaring secession. So
not all declarations of independence are not necessarily positive
developments, because there are
forces of who are using the nationalistic feelings just to maintain
themselves in power," he said.
Self-preservation pervades
the entire revolution and because
the communist legacy removedall
voices of opposition, the only
people equipped to create a new
state are the same ones responsible for the old system, he said.
"The whole revolution is being
led by the very people who are the
defenders of the system. We now
say nice things about Gorbachev
and Yeltsin, but they are very
party apparatus people. There is
no other people to replace them."
Another irony of the Russian
revolution is that while Gorbachev
spoke of his desire to integrate the
Soviet Union into Europe, through
his notion of the Common European Home, the splintering ofthe
Soviet Union has resulted in what
Kapuscinski calls, the
"Asiatization ofthe former Soviet
Union," and a geographic redistribution of communism that
leaves China as the last massive
concentration of totalitarian
During the 1960s Ryszard
Kapuscinski came to be regarded
as the standard-bearer of revolution, wherever he went, revolution
seemed sure to follow. Based on
his two years in the former Soviet
Union, he seems to be continuing
this tradition.
As he was leaving the building after the lecture, I thought I
saw someone slip a plane ticket
into his pocket—destination,
November 29,1991
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The war against
by Paula Wellings
Canada is a nation at war.
This war is not acknowledged by
the media, the government or
the common person. Occasionally an incident will spring forth,
but it is only fringe organizations that speak of the war's
implications or its pervasiveness. Generally the war is denied, negated and rendered irrelevant. In the face of this
denial, millions of Canadians
suffer from the war's brutality,
torture, exploitation and death.
Justified by the ideology of love,
it is children of every class,
race, and sex that are the casualties of the war called child
Child abuse is the fulfillment
of the needs of of a person in a
position of trust or authority
over a child at the expense of
the dependent child's needs and
development. The needs expressed by the abuser are based
on the desire for power over a
child. From this base, children
are used to provide sexual
gratification, emotional fulfillment, social approval, a sense
of absolute control, revenge or
justification for abuse experienced
as a child. The fulfillment of these
needs results in neglect, abuse,
betrayal, exploitation, incest, rape,
assault, torture, and homicide.
Children born to grow, to develop, to live, to love and to articulate their needs and their feel
ings for their self-protection are
silenced and betrayed. Their most
beloved protectors have chosennot
to respect or protect them, to love
them or lead them towards a
healthy existence. The trusted
care-taker ofthe child has chosen
instead to steal the child's boundaries of physical and sexual well-
being. Suddenly love and encouragement become forced sexuality
and violence, leaving the child
feeling a
Child sexual abuse
involves the violation
of a trust relationship
between an adult and
a child.
helpless outrage that cannot be
vented for fear of abandonment.
Instead the outrage turns inward,
beginning a process of destruction
of the self and others which will
continue for many years to come.
Those of us who were abused
may now recognize how the line
and boundaries between boy and
offender have been moved, stretched
or erased. We were children whose
rights and needs were denied. We
were required to meet someone else's
definition of us and of him. We
were unable to escape the dream
that was not our making or our
healing re-natcee*
Victims No Longer: Men recovering from incest and other
child sexual abuse
by Mike Lew
The Silent Children
by Linda Tschirhard Sanford
No More Secrets
by Caren Adams and Jennifer Fay
The Courage To Heal: A Guide For Women Survivors of
Child Sexual Abuse
by Ellen Bass and Laura Davis
The Courage To Heal Workbook: For Women and Men
Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse by Laura Davis
Broken Boys/Mending Men: Recovery Form Childhood
Sexual Abuse
by Stephen D. Grubman-Black
choice. Whatever we sought,, for
whatever we needed, we were met
with one fixated response. I needed
to be held and hugged, not fondled
or aroused. We needed companionship and guidance, not sexual initiation. For many of us, there was
emptiness in our lives. Thr. offender chose to fill his own emptiness, his own needs, leaving lis to
feel even more barren.
-Stephen D. Grubman-Black,
Broken Boyafflending Men; Recovery form Childhood Sexual
Child sexual abuse involves
the violation of a trust relationship between an adult and a
child. The adult or teenager
uses his or her authority over a
child to involve the child in sexual
activity. Tricks, bribes, or
physical force are used to persuade the child to participate in
sexual acta. Child sexual abuse
can take many forms, from
exhibitionism and fondling to
rape and incest. The sexual abuse
Emotional violence,
like physical violence,
is a powerful force in
destroying a child's
self-esteem and truist.
of children, with the exception of
juvenile prostitution, is generally
cloaked in secrecy. NonetheIe£S,it
is believed that one in three {-iris
and one in six boys will be sexually
abused before the age of 20. Of
these children, 90 per cent will
know their offenders; the majority
of offenders being famflymemiers.
Whatthismeansin practical terms
is that there are parents, stepparents, siblings, step-siblings,
aunts, uncles, grandparents,
teachers, campcounselors.pritists,
neighbours, and babysitters who
sexually abuse children. While
about 90 per cent of offenders are
male and about 10 per cent of offenders are female, 100 per cent of
offenders will betray and harm at
least one innocent child.
Child sexual abuse involves
activities that the offender knows
are not acceptable. Therefore a/he
must ensure that the child does
not tell anyone. The offender may
phrase this request in many ways,
such as:
"Our little secret is so special that
we must not let any one know,"
"Mommy wouldbe very mad at you
if she found out," "No one will believe you anyway," or "I will kill
you if you tell anyone." It doesn't
matter what is said, the meaning
is the same: "Do not tell anyone
that I am abusing you if you want
to survive." The child generally
complies out of love, fear of abandonment, fear of death, and fear
that s/he will not be believed if a/he
did tell. In compliance with the
abuser, the child must constantly
exist in two worlds: the world of
cliildhood innocence and the world
of adult sexuality. The pain of
being sexually violated by a loved
one in private and then being expected tofunctionasanormal child
in public is overwhelming. Toad-
vert this pain children adopt different coping mechanisms to distance themselves from the abuse
and the betra val of trust.
Coping mechanisms are developed in response to child sexual
abuse.but continue to function and
develop even when the abuse has
ended. This occurs because the
pain from the secret ofthe abuse,
the loss of personal boundaries,
the loss of innocence, and the betrayal of trust remains. Children
who experience physical and
emotional abuse share many losses
and coping mechanisms with
sexually abused children. Avery
wide range of coping mechanisms
The pain of being*
sexually violated by a
loved one in private
and then being expected to function as a
n ormal child in public
is overwhelming.
exist, but there are two mechanisms in particular which help to
perpetuate the abuse of children.
The first mechanism is the
denial or forgetting of child abuse.
choose not to be aware of their
victimization as children, they are
not able to recognize the dangerous situations which their children
may be in. The denial of their child
abuse becomes the denial of their
child's abuse as well. This phenomenon is demonstrated by findings of the Halliday "study (1985)
which stated that approximately
87 per cent of women who have
been sexually abused themselves
have children who are sexually
The second mechanism which
helps to perpetuate the abuse of
children is when abused children
choose to abuse. It is usually male
children that use this mechanism.
The reason for this is because the
male child may look to the male
offender as a role model. The child
identifies with his/her abuser and
the power that the abuser holds.
The child believes that s/he must
abuse others in order to regain the
personal power that the abuser
has stolen. This dynamic is exemplified by the fact that 30 per
cent of sexual offenders are under
the age of 20. It is also important
to realize that unless stopped,
youth offenders usually repeat and
may become adult offenders.
As I had no point of comparison of
her behavior with that of other
mothers, and as she constantly
portrayed herself as the embodiment of duty and self-sacrifice, I
had no choice but to believe her. To
have realized the truth would have
killed me. Therefore, it had to be
my wickedness that was to blame
when Mother didn't speak to me,
when she refused to answer my
questions and ignore my pleas for
clarification, whensheavoidedthe
slightest eye contact with me and
returned my love with coldness. If
Mother hates me, reasoned the
child, thenImmtbe]kfiefuL>&Mt»
Miller, fo-ft*-* Vfg TViwn the Walla
of Silence
While sexual, emotional, and
physical violence towardschfldren
are in no way mutually exclusive,
emotional and physical violence
are not taboo when labeled as
"discipline." Emotional violence,
like physical violence, is a powerful force in destroying a child's
self-esteem and trust, butit is much
more difficulttoprevent. The same
Cramming for exams.
s # 1 Candy Bar.
November 29,1991 piAmmvm
"caregiv<=r-need" gratification occurs at vhe expense of the child,
quit^ often the adult or teenager
exercising forms of degrading
mental cruelty towards the dependent and confused child.
Emotional violence can destroy a
child's sense of self-worth, self-
confidence, and self-esteem. Emotional violence while not physical
in itself can have very physical
implications such as suicide, self-
mutilation, ulcers, and addictions.
Children who are the victims
of physical abuse—whether one
beat.ng or repeated beatings, one
violent push or several—whose
wounds are inflicted by a loved
one, experience an extreme sense of
dislocation. The world one has
most intimately known, in which
one felt relatively safe and secure
has "ollapsed. Another world has
come into being, one filled with
terrors, where it is difficult to distinguish between a safe situation
and a dangerous one, a gesture of
love and a violent, uncaring gesture., There is a feeling of vulner
ability, exposure, that never goes
away, that lurks beneath the surface. I know. I was one of those
-bell hooks, Talking back: "thinking feminist »thinking black
Historically, it was believed
that corporal punishment of children was necessary. "Spare the
rod and spoil the child" has been a
common enough phrase that even
in our "enlightened" society the
ideology is still recognized and
practiced. A common theme to the
practice of child beating is that it is
for the child's own well-being.
In reality physical violence
shares many of the same power
dynamics expressed in child sexual
abuse. Adults or older children
will use younger children as outlets for their feelings of powerless-
ness and anger. The child's need
for a secure and stable environment is denied.
/ heard him walk down the hall
towards my room. My body tightened. In the few seconds it took for
him to reach my door my mind
raced quickly over the day. I tried
to remember if there was any thing
I had done to make him mad. Had
I forgotten anything? Were there
any toys left in the living room?
Was my scooter put away in the
garage? I couldn't think of anything, but that didn't mean I was
safe. I never seemed to know everything that could make Daddy mad.
-Barbara Oliver recalling age 4,
 . _ . . ^	
An rftHEnwhwfigBJa ~""    T
healus* resources
Vancouver Incest and Sexual Abuse Centre (VISAC)
Counselling and group work, information and resources.
WAWAW/Rape Crisis Centre 875-6011
Vancouver Rape Relief 872-8212
Both can give referrals to individual therapists
Helpline For Children
dial 0 and ask for zenith 1234
24 hour phone line for children and people who want to report
child abuse
Canadian Children's Foundation Helpline
Counselling, information and referrals for children and teens.
 »*»*-*-*...».i^«-M^M.-.«......J..»  »."■    i ■rfn j*r.ri^-fr.riiiyyiimBThmii*»...y.
T MA be fc a^k)
We A©es^ Say wea^
ke £orit eMer Hit m <
Graphic adapted from Scream Louden Through Hell and Healing With An Incest Survivor and Her Theranirt by Martha Utain and Barbara Oliver
Coping mechanisms which allow children and
adult survivors to survive child sexual abuse
'Minimizing, rationalizing,
and denying the abuse.
The survivor decides that the
abuse that is being experienced
is not that bad, that it is somehow
deserved, or that it is all in his/
her mind.
The survivor is able to forget
about the abuse, even as it is
happening to him/her.
The survivor creates two perso-
nae or more for the two worlds in
which s/he is expected to exist.
•Spacing out
The survivor is able to mentally
leave his/her physical body in
times of distress.
The survivor strictly organizes
areas of his/her life in order to
gain a sense of power over his/her
•Addiction—(Drugs, alcohol,
food, sex, work)
The survivor uses addiction to
avoid the pain involved in the
betrayal that has occurred.
• Compulsively seeking or
avoiding sex
The survivor has had his/her
sexual barriers stolen by the offender. The abuser has redefined
love and caring as sexual assault
so often survivors will seek other
sexually abusive situations. The
survivor may also feel a lack of
trust in any sexual situation and
therefore avoid sex altogether.
•Eating disorders
Survivor may be anorexic,
bulemic, or a compulsive
overeater in an effort to deal
with the abuse that has occurred.
All three conditions express a
desire by the survivor to have
control over his or her body.
Anorexia may also be an expression of the fear: "If this
abuse occurred when I was in a
child's body, what dangers are
promised in the body of a woman?"
Bulemia may also be the desire to
have a secret of which one is in
control, in that both sexual abuse
and binging and purging occur in
the private sphere while being
denied in the public sphere. Many
child and adult survivors also have
the desire to vomit as an expression of anger from having had fingers, penises, and objects shoved
into their body openings. Compulsive overeating may also be an
expression ofthe belief that being
large will keep a survivor from
having to deal with sexual advances.
• Self mutilation
The survivor hurts him/herself
physically in an effort to feel pain
and thus release some ofthe pain
s/he has experienced from the
sexual abuse.
The child chooses to leave the
abusive situation in which s/he
lives. Often children who run
away from abusive homes end up
on the street. In order to support
themselves, the children will start
to turn tricks, selling their sexuality instead of having it stolen.
Over 90 per cent of prostitutes
have been sexually abused as
children and 80 per cent of adult
prostitutes started prostitution
as children.
• Suicide attempts
The survivor is overwhelmed by
the abusive situation and feels
suicide is the only option left in a
life that feels out of control.
• Sexual abuse
The survivor identifies the power
that the abuser has had over him
or her. In order to regain this
power the survivor believes that
s/he must become stronger and
over-power others. This dynamic
is exemplified in the fact that 30
per cent of sexual offenders are
under the age of 20.
Scream Louder: Through Hell and
Healing With An Incest Survivor
and Her Therapist
As Barbara Oliver's story continues, her father does become enraged and beat her. Her father
would have found any excuse to
beat her. Under the social construction of "child rearing,"
Barbara's father had access to absolute domination and usage of
another human being.
Barbara's father was not alone
in his violence. Most likely he
learned that children are bad and
need to be abused by his family.
He may be presently teaching Barbara that she can use those weaker
than her within her family to vent
her outrage at being beaten. Violence within the home may be introduced by one family member,
but rarely does it stay isolated to
that one abuser.
Under the social construction of "child
rearing," Barbara's
father had access to
absolute domination
and usage of another
human being.
More commonly, abuse follows
the hierarchical power structure
within the family: husbands abusing their wives and children,
mothers abusing their children,
children abusing their mothers,
and ol der chil dren abusingyounger
children. This violence will continue both within the family and
within the lives of the children as
longasitgoesunchallenged. Words
such as "spanked," "paddled," and
"disciplined" are used to hide the
torture and torment which children experience. These words hide
the anguish children feel, both from
their abuser and from themselves.
Chil dren would gladly believe that
they have done something wrong
before they wouldbelieve that their
"caregiver" is wrong. When violence is accepted within the home,
this acceptance flourishes, and will
spring forth into the public sphere.
The monster Adolf Hitler, murderer
of millions, master of destruction
and organized insanity, was not in
fact born a monster. Neither was
he sent by the devil, as most people
think. He did not fall from the sky
to bring "order" to Germany, build
its autobahns, and lead it out of
economic depression, as some
people still believe today. He was
not born with "destructive drives",
because there is no such things;our
biological purpose is to maintain
life, no destroy it. Aperson is never
born destructive and we are by
nature neither good nor bad. How
we deploy our abilities depends on
our character. This is formed in
the course of our lives and determined by our individual experiences, above all those in childhood
and youth, and by the decisions we
make as adults.
Hitler, like every other child,
wasborninnocent Like many other
children at that time, he was destructively raised by his parents.
Later, he would become a monster.
He was a survivor of that engine of
destruction known in turn-of-the-
century Germany as childrearing.
It was what I call the hidden concentration camp of childhood, the
one that may never be brought to
light -Alice Miller. Breaking Down
Denial is the ability to avoid
reality and one's role in reality.
When we deny that child abuse
happens, that we may have been
abused, that we may have abused,
we also deny thatour children could
be abused.
Jewish people throughout the
world work for continued awareness and documentation of the
Holocaust. Japanese people work
for a maintained awareness ofthe
nuclear devastation caused in
Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On November 11, people across Canada
remember the deaths caused by
war. People remember in the hope
that a knowledge of the past will
prevent pain in the future. People
must begin to remember their
childhoods if peace is to come to
the Canadian family. We must be
willing to once again become the
abused child, but this time feel and
express the anger, the anguish,
the hurt. We need to know these
feelings and empathize with our
children, instead of denying our
feelings and thus denying the feelings of our children.
Lest we forget? Yes, we have
forgotten. Let us remember and a
truce be called.
November 29,1991
Feeling alone
in this
Trade your
at SUB 24IK,
where a night
The Ubyssey
will make you
feel like a brain
in a vat.
The Women Students' Office
The Engineering Undergraduate Society
invite the U.B.C. community to
attend a Memorial for the
fourteen women killed at Ecole
A gathering will be held
Friday, Dec 6th at 12:30 pm in the
SUB Auditorium
Please wear a white armband or ribbon
in loving memory of these women
Ribbons will be available in the WSO
Michael Koutsochilis
as an ex-UBC employee is pleased
to offer a 15% discount off his
already low existing prices to all
UBC students & staff when you
mention this ad.
Speicalizing in custom designed,
hand crafted quality jewellery
at low budget prices. Compare
our prices to those who claim
40-50% discounts.
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(at Blenheim)
November 29,1991
UBC "propaganda
by Rick Hiebert
UBC has commissioned a
video for high school students to
sell the positive side of UBC. And
only the positive side.
"There is not going to be anything negative or controversial,"
said Stan Peingold, the video's
producer. "We wanted to stay out
of it and let the university speak
for itself."
The ten minute video, filmed
in October, the brainchild of UBC's
School and College Liaison Office,
will be shown to students picking a
college or university. It may be
sent to high schools.
The video, which is set to finish production in late December,
will show 'a day in the life' of six
'average' UBC students.
The producers, The Eyes
Multimedia Productions of
Vancouver, submitted their scripts
throughout production for the approval of UBC faculties and the
Liaison office.
Thirty students were selected
for the video by various administrative offices and faculties, then
auditioned by the video producers.
"We basically used the auditions to pick those bright and articulate and doing interesting
things," Feingold said. "The school
office wanted us to show both the
academic and non-academic side
of university life."
Geoff Curzant of the liaison
office, who has been involved with
the project, said faculties like Arts,
Sciences and Engineering helped
shape the film.
"We didn't want anybody to be
unpleasantly surprised by what
appeared in the video," Curzant
said. "We wanted people to be
happy with the video, seeing as
though it represents UBC. Thaf s
why it hasn't been a truly independent project and why we wanted
control over it."
"Our intent is to show all of
the diversity that UBC offers to a
prospective student," he said.
"I don't think that the process
of script approval was necessarily
a bad thing," he said. "We aren't
trying to say anything that is
necessarily wrong."
AMS president Jason Brett
applied to be in the video but didn't
make the auditions.
"They didn't come to the AMS
for help in finding students or to
ask us what we felt was important
to say in the video," Brett said.
"I can tell you that there are a
lot of things that probably will not
make it into the video that perhaps
someone asking about UBC would
want to know," he said. "Ifs going
to be propaganda."
Toronto writer Linda Frum
said videos like UBCs are one
reason why she helped with a recently released video guide to ten
Canadian universities, including
"Most Canadian universities
and private schools have been doing this for years. Any video commissioned and censored by a university is going to be a puff piece,"
Frum said.
"In our video, we had no axes
to grind and no agreements with
universities. We talked to everyone
who wanted to talk to us and spoke
to faculty and administrative
leaders as well."
"When considering a school,
students should try to talk to as
many people as possible and read
and see all they can, especially
material not coming from the administration."
A bureaucratic error forced 91-year-old Joseph Kanla to watt 65
years before receiving his Bachelor of Arts degree. He, along with
865 others, were given their degrees at yesterday's graduation
ceremonies. Kanla already holds a PhD In economic geology.
UBC Entrepreneurial Association
December 3
4:00 PM
SUB Theatre
So. You think that you won't have to know how to run a business
when you graduate. If you want to be an engineer, a doctor, dentist,
musician, geographer, oceanographer, lawyer, accountant, actor,
artist, consultant, a farmer, or anything think again !
Michael Gerber will tell you why 80% of small businesses fail, and
what you can do about it. You will learn about the "Entrepreneurial
Myth", and how it will affect you when you pursue your career.
If you don't go then we wish you the best of luck. For those of you
who go, it will be the cheapest consulting advice you will ever
receive. Funny thing is, it will also be the best.
Bring a friend and come early. We've got free coffee, tea, and cookies
for you.
Tickets: AVAILAI5LL N'OVLMULK 18 - 29
9:30 AM TO 4:30 I'M
Last Day of Classes
$7:00 / Ticket
•    t
Tickets available at the door
November 29,1991
THE UBYSSEY/15 Jtfr- CAPfe* - ~$.vp+**Grt** ^
■v » im™
AMS will fight Aquatic Centre takeover
by Sharon Lindores
The university has proposed a
takeover of the Aquatic Centre,
starting April 1,1992. They want
to integrate it into the overall
management of all athletic facilities on campus.
Presently, the Aquatic Centre
is under a joint AMS-UBC management committee, as outlined in
the Aquatic Agreement. Martin
Ertl, director of administration,
and AMS president Jason Brett
approached the Board of Governors
last week with the AMS's concerns
regarding the issue. They sought
legal advice and are prepared to
follow up a breach of trust if the
university does not respect the
"The Aquatic Centre has operated well for 13 years. The university has not shown to our satisfaction that the changes proposed
are necessary. However, we are
willing to consider changes with
the understanding that the uni
versity intends to honour the
Aquatic Agreement," Ertl said.
The AMS and UBC entered
into the agreement in September
of 1975. The university administration and students each paid
$925,000 (passed by a referendum)
and the Fund Raising Committee,
which was equally represented by
AMS and the university, raised
the difference to pay the actual
cost, which was around five million
The agreement protects the
joint management (AMS and UBC)
and reserves time for free recreational use by students, among
other things.
The university has been proposing a change in management
since 1987. Derek Miller, student
senator, said, "Essentially it has
come down to the crunch now, action is being taken now, rather
than simply talking. If at any time
on this issue students should be
concerned, this is it."
Ertl said, "The fact that we
have such a strong legal opinion
gives us confidence that we can
resolve the situation in the best
interest ofthe students.
"What [the university] is trying to do with the Aquatic Centre
is the same thing they are doing
with the AMS pizza place, and
likely when the Pit expands and
SUB expands, instead of co-operating with the AMS, they are bullying us."
Vice president K.D.
Srivastava was not available for
comment. He sent Brett and Ertl a
memo that said he had appointed
two people (Michael Kelly and
James Forbes) "to discuss ways of
integrating and incorporating the
Aquatic Centre management into
the overall coordination/manage- ♦
ment of all athletic facilities on
campus." Srivastava wrote he
would like to see changes before
December 31.
"Before we talk of changes we  ^
need something from the university saying it intends to honour the   *
agreement," Ertl said.
NDP backtracks on election
promise of tuition freeze
BURNABY(CUP>-The NDP government is reviewing its finances
before deciding whether to keep its
election promise to freeze tuition
"Because it was such a late election call, we don't even have a
budget set for this year, and if
there is a freeze it will have to be
incorporated into next year's budget," said advanced education
minister Tom Perry.
Brad Lavigne, chair ofthe B.C.
wing of the Canadian Federation
of Students, said he is still confident the NDP will keep its promise.
"The caution is nothing we
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didn't expect," he said. "We're extremely optimistic that the freeze
is going to take hold."
However, since the government v
will not be bringing down a budget
until at least the spring of 1992,
Lavigne said it may be too late to
freeze fees for the 1992/93 academic year.
"If the budget is delayed until
September, we may have two-year •-
tuition fee grabs (by colleges and
universities) in anticipation ofthe   '
freeze," he said.
Perry said that if fees are frozen,
the government will be forced to
increase funding to post-secondary
institutions to make up for the lost *
revenue. NDP finance minister
Glen Clark estimated during the "
election that the cost of a freeze
would be $8 to $10 million.
During the October provincial
election campaign, the CFS-BC
called for a 15 per cent increase in ,
order to bring funding levels back
to the levels of 1982-83, while *
several NDP candidates, including
Barry Jones, former spokesperson
on advanced education, vowed that
an NDP government would freeze
fees immediately.
"(The tuition freeze decision)
will Lave to be made by cabinet   4
after reviewing the government's
fiscal capacity," Perry said.
Fall term start
for August  92
by Sharon Lindores
The university is considering
starting the 1992 fall session a
week earlier, in order to avoid a 13 *
day exam period schedule (which
includes Saturdays). The proposal
will be on the Senate agenda for
the December 11 meeting.
Orvin Lau, student senator,
has already sent a memo to Richard Spencer, the registrar stating ,4
his concerns. "It became obvious
talking to afe w students that moving the start date would cause a lot
of problems."
Lau said, "Starting classes
before Labour Day could put UBC
students at a disadvantage, in the t
summer job market." Lau is concerned that four problems could
arise for students: housing,
babysitting arrangements, job
contracts and the possibility ofloan
Jason Brett, AMS president,
said, "The current exam period is ""
too short otherwise. I want anyone
with concerns or comments about
this to bring them to my attention
prior to December 9." Brett would
like all responses in writing, so
that copies can be sent to the
registrar's office. ■*
According to student senator Carole Forsythe, the issue could
be brought up in student council
on December 11 before Senate
November 29,1991 [X-   ■ ^x~ 1      **&***      "•"' !-'= -' •" .1
Liars and the two-faced
^~"Ifa witness is lying, it is to their benefit to keep the number of
^details manageable.
— John Yuille, UBC forensic psychologist
by Jonathan Wong
HEN a sinister spinner weaves a web of lies, the indicators are
usually more subtle than a growing nose. But in the end, a large web
will likely double-cross, says a UBC forensic psychologist.
"The bigger the lie is...the
bigger the conspiracy and the
^weaker the links will be," says
John Yuille, an expert on suspect,
"witness and victim interviews.
After examining several
interviews, Yuille assiduously
threads consistencies and weeds
out inconsistencies when
crapshooting for the truth.
"If there's something that
...doesn't hang together, you have to
be able to pick that out," he says.
Sometimes how people dress
and look can be deceptive. Clothing and appearance will often
buttress a coded veneer of inno-
■" tence, but it should be completely
ignored, he says, though inevitably it will sway perception.
"Appearance has a big effect on
people, but you have to learn that
these things are irrelevant. What
they wear is innocence, but what
- jthey are may not be."
The most widely-practised
(though flawed) methods of lie
detection include: polygraph tests
for physiological reactions, facial
and vocal lie detection, and
content analysis, the method most
- «ommonly used by judges, lawyers, journalists and investigators.
"A real smile will involve the
whole ofthe face, a fake smile just
involves the mouth," says Yuille to
illustrate the second.
"When people are being
deceptive, they may reveal that in
micro-expressions. If you're trying
£o hide a particular feeling, that
feeling will leak and flash across
the face but for only about a third
of a second."
"Someone may pretend to be
attracted to something but really
is disgusted—that micro-expres-
_ sion of disgust will flash."
Yuille says specialists are
■* trained at tracking down micro-
expressions by repeatedly watching a video.
more on content analysis.
Physical lie detection
methods will only determine if
an individual is hiding an
emotion, he says.
In his work, Yuille often
deals with denials, one ofthe
most common forms of lying.
A lie detection can occur
only after cross-examining
several witness statements, he
Large quantities of details
add credibility while vague
statements veil the truth.
Yuille's most difficult case
dealt with an American Green
Beret physician suspected of
the 1972 murder of his wife and
two children in North Carolina—he was later convicted.
Dr. Jeffery McDonald had
claimed he and his family were
attacked in their home by two
drug-addicted men and a
woman. Police arrived to find
McDonald beaten and stabbed,
and later charged that he had
self-inflicted his wounds after
he killed his family.
^Someone may
pretend to be
attracted to
something but really
is disgusted—that
*■ -micro-expression of
■»■ disgust will flash."
"When you slow down a
videotape, the emotions are
•tiisplayed. Repeatedly going
^ through this, you can detect them
in real time."
Trie facial detection method,
pioneered by University of
California's Paul Ekman, author of
Telling Lies, theorizes that an
-^attempt at deception will ultimately reveal itself in a micro-
But Yuille says, "There's no
emotion unique to lying."
"People can be hiding something not because they are
► xlishonest."
"Othello" errors—coined after
the Shakespearean character who
misinterprets his wife's insecurity
as a sign of guilt—occur when a lie
detector spots an honest
individual's natural fear.
Yuille says he tends to rely
E claimed several
strangers entered his
house—among them was a
woman—demanded drugs and
went berserk and attacked his
family," Yuille says.
"A woman (Helen Stoeckly)
later confessed she was the
woman and saw the whole
thing. She had an astounding
knowledge ofthe furniture in
the house.
"She could've gotten some of
the information from newspapers and magazines but she
had no motive to come forward."
The witness would later die
of liver failure months after
recording her confession in four
interviews and a videotape in
Yuille's job was to assess the
credibility of her statements.
To do so, he tested her
longest account which included
131 details. The others—which
asked for a repetition of details
in her first account—had 49, 69
and 55 details.
She would respectively
repeat 48, 60 and 49 details. In
total, she gave 149 details to
the case.
The large number of facts
within this complex event
supported her credibility, wrote
Yuille in his report.
"If a witness is lying, it is to
their benefit to keep the
number of details manageable,"
he said.
He referred to her account
as either a "real experience" or
"an enormous effort to memorize and rehearse."
Her "spontaneity in accessing knowledge" also lent
support to her credibility, he
As confirmation, Yuille saw
a large repetition of detail
between witness accounts.
Her consistency failed to be
perfect, but perfection would
indicate a potential rehearsal.
"A rehearsed memory will
be told in the same form with
the same content from one
telling to another," he wrote.
The type of detail she conveyed also weighed in favour her
credibility. Almost a quarter of
her account included untwistable
facts such as the layout of the
furniture and location of the
As a result, Yuille gave her a
favourable report.
Journalists often use overlap
to confirm the reliability of
During the Watergate investigation, Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl
Bernstein would interview
several high-ranking sources and
look for either overlap or conflicting accounts to unearth facts or
Repetition and quantity of
detail created credibility while
vague statements, delays or
dodging diversions sent the two
reporters on leads.
"This business (lie detecting)
is very tricky," says Yuille.
"The more time you have to
prepare for a lie the better it is. It
also depends what's at stake. If
it's something big, you're going to
put more effort into a lie."
"Some people actually enjoy
lying—other people will be
burdened by a lie.
"It all depends on the cost of
revealing the truth."
"Most lies succeed because no
one goes through the work to
figure out how to catch them. But
when the stakes are high—when
the victim would be severely
harmed...there is reason to do the
work." —Paul Ekman
Possible clues of deceit:
• slips of the tongue
• emotional tirades
• indirect speech (vagueness)
• pauses and speech errors
• raised or lowered voice
• faster and louder speech
• slower and softer speech
• squelched expressions
Deception guilt will be
greatest when:
• the target is unwilling (to
be misled)
• the deceit is totally selfish
and the target derives no
benefit from being misled
and loses as much as or more
than the liar gains
• the deceit is unauthorized,
and the situation is one in
which honesty is authorized
• the liar has not been
practicing the deceit for a
long time
• the liar ahd target share
social values
• the liar is personally
acquainted with the target
• the target can't be easily be
faulted as mean or gullible
• there is reason for the
target to expect to be misled;
(meanwhile) the liar has
acted to win confidence in
the target's trustworthiness
—Paul Ekman
ES         60
and up
*   COPI
3701 West Broadway - at Alma
(Next to Mac's Convenience Store)
Tel:     222 -4142
Fax:    222 - 9855
(Upto 2 pages)
$        15.oo
FAX (loca
- receive or transmit)    -
$   1 .00      per page
(8 1/2   x   11)
$ 1 .50 each
"Higher" Education...
Diploma program £ private/commercial
Student Loans available
/        *-ii /—I* • • „c
- Introductory flights/gift certificates
Abbotsford Airport   534-8545   FAX 855-I044
To provide recent university graduates with an interest in
public affairs an opportunity to supplement their academic
insights of the legislative process with practical legislative and
administrative experience.
Students who will have received a degree from a British
Columbia university by the program commencement date.
Eight interns are selected each year.
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, British Columbia.
January 1 to June 30, 1993.
$1,700 a month.
February 1,1992.
Program literature and application forms are available from
the Political Science Departments and the Student Employment Centres on Campus at the University of Victoria, Simon
Fraser University and the University of British Columbia, or
from the Office of the Speaker, Suite 207, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C. V8V 1X4.
November 29,1991
Kitsilano's ONLY Authentic
Chinese Restaurant
• Friendly Service • Great Prices
10 % Student Discount with valid AMS card.
2805 W. Broadway
OPEN 12:00 P.M. - 10:00 P.M.
The Graduate Student Centre
Fireside Lounge will close for
the holidays
December 14 - January 5
GSS Executive and Staff would like to thank
you for your patronage and wish you a
happy New Year.
We look forward to
seeing you January 6
11:30 am
1:30 pm
iwd <£
photo  assignment
and conflict
November 29,1991 "*>
* <
room for
. Jello
^   by Paul Dayson
THE number one enemy
of progress is questioning."
And Jello Biafra is on the
ten most wanted list.
Jello Biafra
SUB Auditorium
November 26
If anyone starts you asking
questions, it's Biafra. He steps on to
the stage and delivers a barrage of
information that lasts four and a half
hours—more exhausting and enrapturing than any professor ever has been.
Much ofthe information he presents
is anecdotal as he directs the audience
attention from one incident to another
while making connections. In this way he
paints a frightening picture of America
as "a one party state masquerading as a
one party state" where "the coup has
already happened here at home."
As he puts it, "Meet the New World
The president is the former head of
the secret police. His chosen heir, the
secretary of state, is a member ofthe
religious right who believes in Armageddon. And the secretary's wife thinks rock
music is the reason for suicide, drug use
and crime and organizes the banning of
- •* records as obscene.
Civil liberties continue to be eroded,
hard labour "boot camps" for drug
offenders are opening, and search and
seizure without a warrant (suspending
the constitution) is in the works.
A surreal nightmare or the reality
hidden behind USA Today? Jello Biafra
wants you to decide. He wants you to ask
» questions.
Chick Corea
"Wolf documents Blackfoot culture
by Greg Davis
ON a homestead in
Skookumchuck, 30 miles
"'north of Kimberley, BC, Adolph
Hungry Wolf and his family live
an active life close to the Earth,
free of modern amenities such as
electricity and running water.
- Adolf Hungry Wolf
There they are committed to
the maintenance ofthe Blackfoot
culture and the record ofthe
, people's history.
Adolf started his own
11 publishing company, Good
Medicine Books, in 1969. Since
then he and his family have
Adolf Hungry
written scores of books on Native
culture and sprirituality,
including Shadows ofthe
Buffalo, co-written by his wife
Born of Swiss-Hungarian
parentage, Adolph left university
in the mid-60s to live among the
Blackfoot. In 1969 he produced
his first booklet, Life in Harmony
with Nature, and things grew
from there.
"I started Good Medicine
Books with $1,000 in 1969,"
Adolph said. "Now it seems like
there's lots of books out on every
obscure subject, but back then it
filled a void."
Controversy and bitterness
is generated amongst Natives
when their ceremonies and
lifestyles are documented or even
imitated by outsiders.
Although Adolph has
been a part ofthe Black
People ofthe Blackfoot
Nation, he has experienced his share of
"Some aspects
of Native spirituality
are better left unwritten. Native people feel
communication is a
way to pass on knowledge and understanding ofthe culture, of
the history. Though in
the end, the real
understanding can only
come from experience,
not from books.
"If someone can
learn something and
can use it in their own
lives, there's nothing wrong with
Adolph has found the main
complaint of Natives is people
who superficially copy a ceremony, not because it really
means something to them, but
because they are attracted to the
The Hungry Wolf family
revived the Brave Dog Society
(Blackfoot Warrior Society) in
1976. The society is working on
establishing a museum on the
North Peigan Reserve by the Old
Man River, and Adolph said
many Albertan musuems have
indicated they will return many
sacred objects from their collections. Adolph sees the new role of
museums as forming a partnership with Native people in
preserving history and dealing
with cultural property.
He is also an avid railway
enthusiast, and has published
many books and photo collections
depicting the history of Canadian
trains. His most recent release in
this category is entitled Canadian Railway Scenes No. 4, a
photo journey along the rails of
"My grandfathers worked on
the railroad back in Switzerland
and Hungary. I worked on the
Union Pacific as a fireman while
going to university in California,
where I majored in history,
focussing on Native studies and
railroad subjects."
Adolph is currently working
on an extensive history ofthe
Blackfoot Nation, having
compiled more than 20,000
photographs and archival images
dating back to the late 1800s.
\4orkJhj! ForLemiMji
invites you to
join in
Prince George School District is one of British Columbia's largest
and most progressive school district. We are anticipating vacancies
^    for teachers at all levels for the 1992-93 school year.
Representatives of the district will be interviewing on campus in
|    February.
Interested applicants are asked to obtain an application form from the
Student Employment Centre in Brock Hall. Deadlines for application
January 10,1992.
SCHOOL  DISTRICT  No.   57  (Prince  George)
11894 Ninth Avenue. Prince George, B.C. V2M 1L7
Telephone: 564-1511 Fax:564-4439
Featuring the antics of FOOLS
THEATRE, and with a special
appearance by Santa Claus
December 7,11 am- 2 pm   in
The Fireside Lounge.
(Lunch provided.)
For more information or to sign up call the Graduate Students'
Centre office at 822-3203
as Cake Cherry Pound Cake Miiueineai Tans Traditional Seottisli Shortbread
Get Your Christmas Shopping Lists Ready!
UBC's famous homestyle
opens December 9th to
December 19th, 1991.
at the Ponderosa Cafeteria or Lickety Split Muffin Shop
(at the entrance to SubWay Cafeteria)
Shop in person 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m.
Order by phone 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. 822-5717
nd short Hrcad Christmas Fruit liars Pecan .Nut Har**
November 29,1991
Classic II
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Vi ftViYi Vt W j!|It\
Draw a line from any Computer of your choice to any Printer of your choice and receive a free gift!
save on six great
Macintosh packages. The Macintosh™
Classic™, Classic II and the fiill colour
Macintosh LC. M packages come with an
AppfeS^eWrte5* ink-jet printer or and Apple Per-
sonal LaserWriter*printer. And we're even throwing in
Free Claris Work?"' integrated software with every package.
Bmhuny, packages are c«lyavailabte until Dec. 31,1991, while si^)-
plies last Other configuration also available, call UBC Computer Shop.
j    Macintosh
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\ "1 Classic II
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November 29,1991 ARTS
The thrill of voyeurism
by Sharlene Azam
FROM the first scene which opens
with Sarah Vaughn's Deep Purple
to the gradual fade to black ofthe last,
the intensity of In the Privacy of
Strangers is absorbing and exhausting.
In the Privacy of Strangers
•* Vancouver Little Theatre
November 29,30
Catherine, played by Niki
Schouela, is a sphinx incarnate.
v Schouela brilliantly metamorphoses
into a. demonic, sensual and emotion-
* ally repressed Catherine.
Catherine's sexual aggressiveness
is also skillfully expressed through Schouela's
lascivious body language.
Schoeula's characterization of Catherine
is strong and realistic. As the action develops
the tigress facade is exposed and we see a
pathetic, alienated individual haunted by
secrets and fears.
Ercinee, Catherine's sister,
is portrayed by Melody Escalier.
She is like a sylph. Her voice is
eerie and unnerving. When she
speaks to Catherine her words are
filled with pain and vengeance,
lyrically disguised by her breathy
Escalier's performance is
riveting. She captures the fragile,
dreamy qualities of Ercinee
through her low, echoing voice
and also through her eyes which
have a far-away look as though
they are focused on some secret
hiding place.
The privacy of strangers is
exactly what Riley Lacaoste (Ron
Chartier) oncounters when he
inadvertently trespasses into the
dysfunctional relationship
between the sisters.
Riley's positive energy is
literally devoured by the sisters
who use him as a pawn in their
destructive games of guilt and
The character is necessary
for the audience as comic relief
from the bitter tension between the sisters.
Chartier gives a wonderful performance as
the curious, easily seduced young man.
Riley, like the audience, is a voyeur. He
is timid and uncertain as he stumbles toward
Catherine. But caught in stare, Riley is
aroused and intrigued by this "cat in a tree
In the Privacy of Strangers, the power of
fear is paramount. Catherine, Riley and
Ercinee are trapped, controlled and manipulated by fear's claws extended and glinting.
by Effie Pow
AS well as buying me clothes I
never wore, my mother would
often scold me for being too daring,
disrespectful and talking too much.
"Dead girl, you have so many
mouths," she shouted.
Many-Mouthed Birds, a recent
anthology of contemporaiy writing
by Chinese Canadians, is parallel
to the "talk" I have kept inside
Many-Mouthed Birds
edited by Bennett Lee
& Jim Wong-Chu
Douglas & Mclntyre
Writers ofthe anthology
include Evelyn Lau, Sky Lee, Fred
Wah, Paul Yee, as well as, many
UBC graduates and Vancouver
With a few exceptions, including Lucy Ng*s series from The
Sullen Shapes of Poems and Jim
Wong-Chu's work, the poetry
featured is not aa strong as the
prose. However, there is some
poetry that challenges the conventional form.
Some highlights ofthe book
include Paul Yee's Prairie Night
1939 and Denise Cheng's The
Concubine's Children. Yee's story is
about the life of prairie town cafes.
It is a cafe owner's contemplation
about not belonging in Canada and
the difficulties of returning to
China. ("Canada denied him sons
and China withheld his pride. But
he would go back, he would sell his
restaurant, sell his stake in this
new country.") Chong, who is
working on her first book with the
same title, writes about complex
family ties that connect after many
years of separation.
Everyone Talked Loudly In
Chinatown by Anne Jew is about a
young girl's experiences stretched
between two cultures. The theme of
Chinese-Canadian identity in this
story is placed in a contemporary
Editors Bennett Lee and Jim
Wong-Chu started the Many-
Mouthed Birds project in 1988.
"The process took longer
because we both have full time
jobs," Lee says.
Lee is a lawyer and Wong-Chu
is a letter carrier, both live in
Vancouver. Wong is a founding
member of Pender Guy, the Chinese-Canadian radio programme
that aired on Co-Op radio, and the
Asian Canadian Writers Workshop.
He also published a book of poems
called Chinatown Ghosts.
They sent out a call for submissions to various creative writing
departments and also found
younger writers by reading literary
journals. Although more Asian
writers are published, Lee says
finding the writers was difficult.
Persistence paid off and the result
is a collection of 28 short stories and
Lee says the variety is evident,
the contributors in the anthology do
not all focus on cultural identity.
"There was more diversity than
we expected, not all writers were
agonizing over cultural identities."
Lee notes there seem to be
more readers interested in writing
by Asian Canadians.
"It's just a speculation that
there's a more receptive audience.
In libraries and bookstores I see
more works being published by
ethnic writers. When I did my
English degree 20 years ago, there
wasn't that much around," Lee says.
By Sonita Horvitch
Financial Post
student franchise managers for Toronto-based College Pro Painters
Ltd. are primed for the summer
painting season, having spent the winter brushing up their managerial and
painting skills.
"We train and develop young people and at the same time focus on doing a quality painting job," says Steven Rogers, 34, chief executive since
1989 of the company, which has profited for 20 years from Canadians' annual need to spiff up their houses with
a fresh coat of paint.
Rogers, whose grandfather and
great grandfather were painters and
decorators in London, Ont, started as
a College Pro franchise manager in
Making money by the bucket
1978 while at the University of West-
em Ontario.
The franchisees hire painters,
whom the company trains, and supervise employees. They also learn to
manage cash flow, production and
marketing, using the company's operating and management procedures.
College Pro charges royalties of 15%
to 20% of sales, depending on the
number of years served as franchise
Running a franchise is not easy,
Rogers says. Managers sometimes
have to collect from difficult customers. They must also register their
business with the province, deal with
the goods and services tax "and generally learn at a young age what government red tape is about"
The company, which is 55% owned
by FirstService Corp.. a Canadian service management company, is
active across Canada except Newfoundland. College Pro is expanding
aggressively into the U.S., where it is
concentrating on the larger tities.
This year, College Pro has signed
up 640 franchise managers in North
America, 280 in Canada. Each manager employs about 10 people. College
Pro itself has 100 full-time staff, including general managers in the field
to back up the student franchisees.
Of this year's franchise managers,
74% are repeats or were painters with
the company.
• Jack Roberts, a student at Dalhousie
University in Halifax, is in his second
term as franchise manager with College Pro. His territory is Halifax
Last year he spent $4,000 establishing his business — rrfairily buying a'
truck and  supplies.   He  produced
$67,000 in sales against the $45,000
target set by the company.
"The key to success with the franchise is sales - cold-calling door-to-
door with offers of free estimates for
the job," says Roberts, who this year
began marketing in January.
This year the company has set a
target of $68,000 but he's hoping to
TTjtkt $75,000. He pays a 20% royalty
to College Pro, "but there is a bonus
and rebates for exceeding the target
and maintaining quality," he says.
• Across the country. Starie Chappell.
a student at the University of British
Columbia, reached $96,000 in sales in
1990 against a College Pro target of
$75,000. This year she hopes to produce $120,000 versus the company's
target of $80,000 in Point Grey, near
{he university.
November 29,1991
THE UBYSSEY/21 The Wrap-Up
Well, another Christmas/Hannukah/Billy Holliday
Season is nearly upon us. Never one to pass up the
joyous holiday tradition of giving gifts, the Ubyssey
has made up its shopping list...
• To the UBC Board of Governors, we give 5000
Pizza Hut deepdish pizzas.
• To Rita J, we give a job.
• To Mike Harcourt, we give a spine. And a copy of
the NDP platform from last year Just as a reminder.
• To the engineers, we give Jason Ford. Have fun!
• To the Independent, we give a bird cage to line.
• To arts students, we give humility. Use it well.
• To the Physical Plant, we give a series of lessons
at Young Drivers of Canada.
• To Madonna, we give TASTE. And a date with
Jodie Foster.
• To Jason Brett, we give a collective mood ring for
the student body so he knows what we're thinking. And a coupon redeemable for one free quorum.
• To Davie Strangway, we give a flaming red
bicycle. Go figure.
• To Nicole Parton, we give an apron and pink
fuzzy bunny slippers. And a box of bonbons.
• To Orvin Lau, we give a plastic pocket protector.
Settle in, Orvin. It's all downhill from here.
• To Peter Hamilton, we give several really cute
pets with really short lifespans. Send us a postcard
from the Bahamas—not!
• To Jello Biafra, we give a subscription to the
Independent for him to censor. There's always
room for Jello!
• To Gus Van Sant, we give Martin Scorcese. In a
• To Ted Ausseum, we give a bottle of Eau de SUB
Loading Dock. Well miss you.
• To Robert Bateman, we give a photocopier. The
• To all those students who live in dark, dingy,
damp basement suites, we give cardboard fireplaces. And cut-out dogs for companionship
without the mess.
• To the 432, we give some discretion. And we also
give them their old sense of humour back.
And last but least, we give to the Ubyssey a token
conservative heterosexual Caucasian male.
Merry (insert your December
holiday here) from the Ubyssey!!!
November 29,1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
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Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
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Ted Aussem threw a party. He called his party "The Ubyssey."
These are the people who went to it: Ellen Antoine, Sharlene
Azam, Rebecca Bishop, Chris Batchelor, Laurel Bishop, Sandy
Bucifal, Graham Cameron, Steffani Cameron, Steve Chan, Tenie
Chan, Jennifer Charbonneau, Mark Chester, Adrienne
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Csinger, Sage Davies, Greg Davis, Paul Dayson, Bill Deham,
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Jatsby, Gerry Johnson, Matthew Johnson, Suzanne Johnson,
Lynne Jorgenson, Yggy King, Kariyn Koh, Yukie Kurahashi,
Wayne Kwan, Chris Lasko, Melissa Lemieux, Hao Li, Sharon
Lindores, Yau Soon Lo, Morgan Maenling, Carla Maftechuk,
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Paul Dayson • Sharon Undone • Carta Maftechuk
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Photo editor • Paul Cordon
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The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
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Having our cake in BC
You dont have to live
out here in B.C. for very long
before that entrepreneurial
spirit affects you. For example, ifs my idea to open
up a string of Personal Redemption Centre's (PRC's).
They would kind of be styled
on a cross between the
Catholic Confession booth
and a matchmaking service.
The business wouldn't be sex
or love or even the Pope. No,
instead it would be the business of forgiveness.
But what are B.C.-ites
or, most especially,
Vancouverites, in need of
forgiveness for? After all,
life is good out here for many.
Like that elusive majority
we call the middle class, for
example. If you're a family
woman or man by now you
might be enjoying your
house, your partner, your kid
and maybe even aluxury car
or truck. God knows you
can't swing a cat in the West
Side ofVancouver these days
without hitting a BMW or
Jeep Cherokee. Yup, you're
still learning how to work
your cellular phone and god
knows you needitinthe busy
worldof B.C. business today.
Thafs because this is
the West and the Pacific Rim
and U.S. markets are still
expanding here and our eyes
are giving the map of North
America the once over—but
that's up and down, not side
to side. (Market driven
"nationalism" works for
B.C.—no use messing with
the heavy emotionalism of
Quebec's brand). Hosting
Pacific Rim conferences is
all the rage and the tourism
industry is falling over itself
to organize in order to get a
piece of the global travel-
market action. Yes, thanks,
the family's just fine and the
future of business just
couldn'tbebrighter. So what
needs forgiving?
Nothing much except
now and then some B .C.-ites,
get these creeping doubts.
It's part of this schizophrenia (NOTthe "not-what-you-
think" kind) we have in this
Province about our life loves.
We love our environment too.
We love Vancouver's mountains and Manning Park's
cool green forests. We value
our recreation and spend
serious money on our toys.
This is the land of the laid
back, let them work themselves into an early grave
And politics? What, go
into that unforgiving excuse
for a lamb-basting and
thankless exposure to the
temptations of corruption
among other perils of public
office? Not on your life!
Anyway, we're too busy enjoying  	
life .
Let the
keeners in politics screw up
as long as they've got their
hearts in the right pocket.
Just as long as we can all
complain long and loud afterward when they've cut
funds to education and
slipped agricultural land reserve lots under the table.
No sir, that's not for us.
But somehow, in spite
of it all, I feel the discomfort
of some of my fellow B.C.
inhabitants. I hear their
doubts. Could we be getting
a little materialistic? Havel
checked my values lately?—
should I? What were those
ideals I usedtohave? Thisis
where the Personal Redemption Centre comes in.
Who knows? Like Canada
Post these days, they could
turn a profit and this is how
they'd work.
Inside the centre,
among the plush carpeting
and quiet walls, there are a
number of small two-seater
booths. In the booths we
would be matched with an
also anonymous, fellow
doubt-sufferer. We are
seperated by twilight and
grillwork. When we are
settled, finally we'd get our
chance to vent our doubts
and perfect our rationaliza-
tions. "Is it my fault that
money gives power and
power corrupts? No way!
The company is making a
killing anyway, so I might as
well take while the takings
good. It's the politicians
who've lead us from bad to
worse, you might as well
make sure #1 comes out doing OK."
Filtering through the
grill, on the other side of this
would be the murmurings of
one's partner. They would
get to use all the words like
"ought" and "should", and
elude to the rusty notions of
strength of character, ethics
and my god, even virtue. So
tici -
gain from the exchange.
The black turtlenecks of
the sixties existentialists
would be sold at the reception desk with the PRC logo
in proper view across the
Of course, as with any
product, the PRC's would
never deliver just what we
yearned for. Suppose for a
minute they did. What
would this look like? The
PRC's would really have
been effective when we'd
walk out of there with this
idea that people are responsible for their behaviour.
We'd come out carrying
ourselves enough to strive to
be complete again.
Yes, rather than feeling
victimized by the "orgy of
materialism" seemingly
dominating our lives, we
might want to begin to tend
to other parts of ourselves
other than to our stomachs.
We would work on ourselves
for a change: through a
reintegration of our economic, spiritual, and emotional selves.
Meanwhile, B.C. continues to want its cake and
to eat it too. We want to
enjoy our natural amenities,
exploit our natural re
sources and god forbid any
of us should get our fingers
sticky in the process. Fve
got a hanky and its called
Personal Redemption—
selling forgiveness for a
price, you understand.
But there is another option; to start with our
strengths many of which
we've been known for in B .C.
in no way are we too far gone.
There is our firm rooted
conviction that life is that
life is to be lived through
many forms of activity as
well as our work. We do
sincerely care for the environment, which here in
Vancouver hugged as we are
by the mountains, embraces
us on all sides. We in B.C.
have been good at challenged
assumptions and
instititutions in order to
make our values heard.
This is the spirit on
which we must build. Especially in these anxiously ambitious times. So don't hold
your breath for a PRC.
Alison McNeil
Friday, January
Tuesday, January
Come sign up for
stories now!!
(It'll be fun, really!)
November 29,1991 I.— „..
Gender peace?
fc   by Frances Foran
--*** Today, November 30, one year
and 51 weeks since the Montreal
Massacre, Gervase Bushe wears
a white ribbon.
In Ottawa, Ken Fisher, a
r founding member of the Men's
Network for Change will have
pinned a wnite ribbon to tils lapel
hours ago, and if the Network succeeds in its campaign, they will be
wearing white ribbons on Parliament Hill until December 6, now a
. national day of rememberance and
action on violence against women.
' Fisher says the white ribbon
symbolizes armistice on femicide.
"It's a vehicle for men to declare
that they are laying down arms
against women."
r These men and many more
across the country are activists
engaged in a search for a new
definition of what it is to be a man
in society. Some call it a men's
movement, others call it "postmodern reconstruction" of the
JP   masculine.
W^ But all involved agree that
^fctfjfcthe present social construct of
^^^Xnasculinity is incompatible with
W gregarious, healthy living. To
W Bushe, being a man as defined by
popular culture is to be a "success
' object," invite heart attack from
overwork and is tantamount to
The "men's movement" has
received a lot of media attention
since Robert Bly's Iron John
pitched a tent on the best-seller
list last year.
Even Mr. Pinkley of Cathy
Guise white's comic strip has enlisted. Mr. Pinkley and his cohorts put feathers in their hair
and set off for the woods on a
pilgrimmage to true Manhood.
They found themselves at a
Rarnada Inn drinking beer and
watching sports on television.
This is a parody of only one
strain of what is going on among
men's groups. UBC student
Wingsiu Wong initiated a men's
support group out of a desire to
« become involved as a man in pro-
feminist social change.
Adopting the feminist credo
that the personal is the political,
Wong and four other men gather
bim onthly in what he like ns to the
consciosness-raising sessions of
the sixties.
The issues they discuss range
from their feelings about pornography to dealing with abuse. In
the group, men can expose their
pain and confront the ways in
which ideas of masculinity hinder
emotional connections with others, and grieve.
The mythopoetic groups, says
Wong, have caught on with the
media and many men because
thei r approach does not offend the
masculine power structure. This
is primarily because it does not
address it.
The power structures the
mythopoetics are concerned with
are interior—castles and kingdoms and Jungian archetypes of
Bushe, one ofthe founders of
the Men's Evolvement Network
said that the "dark" and destructive elements of masculinity, like
competitiveness and destructive-
ness, predominate in our culture
_ k because men lack positive role
models and father figures.
Men in post-modern, post-industrial, post-god society have lost
community rites which lead to
their deep male selves. According
to mythopoetics, present culture
is not a patriarchy, but the rule of
boys whose essential male energy
is supressed, misdirected and
The aim of M.E.N., publisher
of the journal Thunder Stick, is to
reaquaint men with "the practices
that our ancestors used to make
Rituals of initiation are often
those of indigenous peoples of
North America, such as using a
talking stick, drumming and
Bodywork, like group grunts,
teaches men vulnerability
through the release of the psychosomatic "armour" accumulated from a lifetime of denying
Bushe said he laid down his
armour and released his male energy at a Bly lecture years ago. He
felt a tremendous surge in the
pelvic region as energy was
Another men's group, the
Men's Network for Change, is a
national organization with 1,200
members. An explicitly political
group, its priorities are ending
violence, securing choice for abortion, working on child custody
legislation and fighting
Men's groups attract men
with a variety of perspectives, from
pro-feminist to anti-feminist to
politically neutral spiritualist
which indicates the crisis of masculinity, said Ken Fisher.
He thinks the only route to
constructing a new masculinity is
a pragmatic approach that encompasses a pro-feminist critique
of gender relations.
In addition to his work in the
Men's Network, Fisher is a member of the Canadian Advisory
Council on the Status of Women,
and consultant to businesses and
organisations to help men identify
their obstacles to acting against
Fisher is critical of the
mythopoetic groups' social introversion, and thinks it is due to
men being shipwrecked by the
transformation femini sm has had
on women around them.
If a common myth or language
is needed for men to collectively
talk of their isolation, he said, it
ought to address the war on
women. Moreover the
mythopoetics indicate a masculine essence with archetypes, with
emphasis on the warrior aspect,
which Fisher finds implicitly
homophobic and alienating to gay
He recognizes the necessity
of belief systems, but he says, "We
have to have a language or belief
system that is political that deals
with questions like what is the
adequate distribution of power."
Fisher says that the men's
movement must grow to include
more and more diverse people because the changing status of
women demands a social and economic reorganisation.
The movement will reach its
zenith when more women and
people of colour gain positions of
social power and displace white
men in the workplace.
And what about the men who
skirt social issues as they reinvent
themselves? They will likely be in
the woods, looking for Mr. Pinkley
and wondering the way to the
nearest Ramada Inn.
Now you can ski
Every Week Day
Or IMght
You Choose,
For Only $239.
The Dayniter Season Pass.
After your eighth time on the slopes, you're skiing free!
Valid every week day or night all season.
Call 926-5612 to order yours today.
Due the unavailability of volunteers,
the walk home program will not be
operating during the month of
December. The program will resume
service on Monday, January 6, 1992.
We apologize for any inconvenience.
November 29,1991
THE UBYSSEY/23 mmmmmmmmmmm
(NOV. 28,29,30)
AMS pizza place
now open in SUB
by Ted Ing
The AMS has gone ahead with
their plans to open Pie R Squared
in the former Travel Cuts space of
the SUB and Wednesday was the
gourmet pizza outlet's first day of
Martin Ertl, AMS director of
administration, said the opening
is temporary and none of the
renovations have been done yet.
"We need [the UBC Board of
Governors'] approval to do the
renovations," Ertl said. "Physical
Plant won't do the work without
their approval."
BoG will not give permission
to open the pizza outlet because it
would compete with the SUB cafeteria.
Last week, the AMS delivered
more than 5,000 student signatures in support ofthe pizza outlet
to the BoG. UBC vice-president
K.D. Srivastava told the AMS a
Downstairs in
the Student
Union Buildin;
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letter would be sent in response to
the petition, which would state the
university's refusal to allow the
AMS to open the outlet, but no
reasons would be given. To date,
the AMS has not received this letter.
AMS lawyers are currently
preparing a case and will decide
whether or not to bring it to arbitration by mid-December. Until
then, the pizza outlet will remain
"We think we have a winning
case, [BoG] doesn't have a leg to
stand on and if they do, well cut it
out from under them," Ertl said.
Student reaction to the opening
was positive. More than 300 slices
at $2.50 each have been sold since
Pie R Squared opened. Nancy
Toogood, AMS food services manager, said she was pleased with
the outlet.
Editor of the week,
Carla Maftechuk wants to
take this opportunity to
wish all UBC students a
most delightful winter
solstice. She has been very
pleased with the dedication and hard work performed by all staff members. As always though,
she encourages new members to join and bring their
various skills and talents
to the Ubyssey. With the
coming season of flaming
plum puddings, Carla
would just like to remind
students that when one
catches fire, it is best to
stop, drop, and roll!
1 hTt^/H*
. :*:*:*:*:*>>>>>>>>>^^.^'ft=ft:ft.frH^.-..-... A*.-.-.-:-.-. !-.-:-*&x.ft*fr^w:^
University Golf Club 5185 University Blvd 224-7799
Downstairs in
the Student
Union Building
November 29,1991


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