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UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Feb 13, 1996

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1. What do you think caused your
heterosexuality?
2. When and how did you first decide you
were heterosexual?
3. Is it possible that your heterosexuality
stems from a neurotic fear of the same sex?
4. If you've never slept with a person of the
same sex, is it possible that all you need is a
good gay lover?
5. To whom have you disclosed your heterosexual tendencies? How did they react?
6. Why do you insist on flaunting your
heterosexuality? Cant you just be what you
are and keep it quiet?
7. Why do you heterosexuals feel corn-pel led
to seduce others into your lifestyle?
8. Would you want your children to be
heterosexual, knowing the problems they'd
face?
9. A disproportionate majority of child
molesters are heterosexuals. Do you
consider it safe to expose your children to
heterosexual teachers?
10. Even with all the societal support
marriage receives, the divorce rate is
spiralling. Why are there so few stable
relationships among heterosexuals?
11. Why do heterosexuals place so much
emphasis on sex?
12. Considering the menace of overpopulation, how could the human race survive if everyone were heterosexual like you?
13. Could you trust a heterosexual therapist
to be objective?
14. How can you become a whole person if
you limit yourself to a compulsive, exclusive
heterosexuality and fail to develop your
natural, healthy homosexual potential?
15. There seem to be very few happy
heterosexuals. Techniques have been
developed which enable you to change if you
really want to. Have you considered trying
aversion therapy?
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ALMA MATER SOCIETY
STUDENT SOCIETY OF UBC
Prepared by your student society
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13, 1996 Re-examining Christian queer intolerance All TOT One 3.110
one for all...
by Peter T. Chattaway
ome years ago, in the months prior to
I the Gay Games in Vancouver, an
intense debate took place within The
Ubyssey's letters section over the issue of
homosexuality and religion.
The United Church had recently affirmed the
right of practicing homosexuals to hold positions
of clerical authority, while a local group of
Christian leaders had purchased ad space in both
The Vancouver Sun and The Province asserting that
the Gay Games "would not take place" because
homosexuality was immoral, unnatural, etc.
Needless to say, the matter sparked some
controversy within the Christian community.
And, being the young naif that I was, I dared
to write a letter to The Ubyssey in which I declared
that all real Christians were "anti-homosexuality
... there is no other kind."
It's been a long time coming, but now I would
like to say it publicly: I take it back. I spoke out
of ignorance, trusting the assumptions of others
without weighing both sides carefully. I have
since looked at the issue considerably and come
to realize that things are not as open-and-shut as
some Christians seem to assume.
0m mr hst, though, in the interests of mutually
11     respectful dialogue, I would hke to make
^%P     one thing clear. A Christian who takes
the position that homosexual acts are forbidden
by God is not automatically "homophobic." To
give that label to one who holds such a position is
to ignore the complexities of the issue and to cut
off any chance of meaningful discussion.
A number of Christians hold this view because
they believe that the Bible is inspired by God;
further, that they ought to live their life according
to its rules (though which ones, and how rigidly,
is always a matter of some debate); and finally,
that the Bible happens to condemn homosexual
acts and therefore, whether they like it or not,
homosexual acts are somehow against God's will.
But this point of view does not preclude a
genuine sympathy for homosexual people. There
are many Christians who fight tirelessly against
homophobia within the church yet also believe
that "same-sex genital contact" is biblically
impermissible. The most prominent such
evangelical would probably be Tony Campolo,
who upset no small number of Christians by
suggesting that Christian homosexuals could
express their love and commitment to each other
by entering into celibate "lifelong covenants."
Disagree with Campolo and others who share his
beliefs if you like-call them "naive," even-but do
not call them "homophobic."
^1/^ aving said that, what does the biblical
r^k I   I tradition actually say about homosexu
^£J ality?
The story of Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis
19 is a favorite passage for anti-gay Christians-it's
the source of the word "sodomy"-but these
people overlook one thing: nowhere is it said that
these towns were destroyed for homosexuality.
Isn't it remotely possible that the men of Sodom
were guilty of rape, and not homosexuality per se?
In a similar story in Judges 19-21, an entire
tribe was almost destroyed as punishment for the
gang rape of a visiting woman. Indeed, Ezekiel
16:49-50 spells out a distinctly non-sexual reason
^commended reading:
Tony Campolo, 20 Hot Potatoes
Christians Are Afraid to
Touch, Word, 1988.
John J. McNeill, S.J., The
Church and the Homosexual,
Pocket Books, 1976.
Robin Scroggs, The New
Testament and Homosexuality,
Fortress Press, 1983.
U>cy-
for Sodom's demise: "[The people of Sodom]
were arrogant, overfed and unconcerned; they
did not help the poor and needy. They were
haughty and did detestable things before me."
Sodom sounds chillingly familiar in this passage;
in fact, the issues raised here are far more
representative of the Bible's social concerns than
the modern fixation with homosexuality. It's no
wonder North Americans overlook Ezekiel so
readily.
The clearest rule against homosexuality comes
from the Holiness Code in Leviticus 18:22 and
20:13; the latter passage even proscribes the
death penalty. Christians who harp on these laws,
however, ignore a few salient points. For one
thing, the death penalty is proscribed for several
other deeds, including the dishonouring of one's
parents (Lev. 20:9); few today would push the
Levitical law on that count as well. In addition,
the laws of the Holiness Code are addressed to
the people of Israel and, as such, are not
necessarily meant to apply to the Gentiles,
Christian or otherwise. The Holiness Code also
prohibits the weaving together of two different
kinds of fabrics (Lev. 19:19) and the trimming of
one's beard (Lev. 19:27), activities that no
Christian I know would condemn. The
relationship between Christianity and Old
Testament law is a thorny issue at best, but it
seems to me that if one is going to enforce a legal
code, one ought to do so consistently.
Che New Testament is a tricky case. Jesus
himself is never quoted on the matter,
and the few references in the letters of
Paul (I Cor. 6:9,1 Tim. 1:10) usually pivot on
words of dubious translation. Robin Scroggs has
argued, and Campolo after him, that Paul had
pederasty (adult-child sexual relationships) in
mind and not same-sex relationships between
consenting adults when he wrote these texts.
The New Testament passage that most
conservative Christians fall back on is Romans
1:26-27, which is also the only biblical passage to
explicitly mention lesbianism. But even here
things are not so clear. Paul argues that same-sex
relations are "unnatural," a punishment for sin
but not the sin itself. Any assessment of Paul's
views on "nature" should take into account his
belief that long hair was "unnatural" for men (I
Cor. 11:14), a view held by no Christians I know
personally. As with Leviticus, if one is not going
to apply the entire law, there seems little point in
singling out specific portions.
Moreover, Paul immediately follows his tirade
on sin and "unnatural" activity with a cry for
tolerance (Rom. 2:1): "You, therefore, have no
excuse, you who pass judgment on someone else,
for at whatever point you judge the other, you are
condemning yourself." Those who would use the
Bible to condemn homosexuals should take a
look at themselves first.
If Christians are to follow the example of Jesus,
who championed the poor and the disadvantaged
of his day, it behoves them to consider what role
they ought to play in fighting the homophobia
that does exist in our society, particularly since
this hurtful prejudice is encouraged all too often
by the people who wear Christ's name.
It is hard to represent a community in all its differer
facets. It is often difficult for people to express themselve
especially here in the academic community of UBC, z
people are often judged by their peers. Many ofthe potenti;
contributors to this special issue of The Ubyssey have a
internalized fear of having their names and word
appearing in an issue devoted specifically to queer issue
and are reluctant to label themselves as "queer."
Further complicating the matter is the fragmentatio
within the queer community itself. "We" are not just on
community together, presenting a united front, as we woul
often like to believe. Our community is instead made up (
a number of off-shoots, or cliques: the butch white t-shi
dykes, the macho muscled gay men, the S/M dykes, the dra
queens and their pageants, and so on.
Discussions of the "gay community" also often exclud
lesbians and, even more often, bisexuals. Much of th
literature on safe sex and the AIDS crisis only address issue
of direct concern to the gay (male) community. There is clej
evidence of segregation within the community as a whole
So the gay community is exclusive in its own way. As
result, bisexual people are often excluded from both the ga
and straight communities. Often, gay people discriminal
against bisexuals, believing they will always have th
priviledge of claiming heterosexuality. Are we really such
"tight knit" and "accepting" community, when in fact w
routinely discriminate against those we have apparently s(
out to support?
Gay men and women also appear split when it comes t
advocating for gay rights or community projects, with ga
men and lesbians each fighting for different parts ofthe sam
issues. Even support groups for adults are gender specifii
Is this the exclusion of one group by another, or just
conscious choice not to partake?
An estimated ten percent ofthe population is lesbian or
gay. Taking into account all their friends and families,
approximately fifty per cent of the population has vested
interests in lesbian, gay and bisexual issues, whether it's AIDS
or family. These people are concerned and have complaints
that are not addressed,and yet, we don't come anything close
to fifty per cent representation of gays, lesbians and bisexuals
in the media.
Hopefully, this special issue of The Ubyssey will encourage
everybody to be part of the active movement towards gay
inclusion, or even gay representation. Even if being active
isn't your thing, educating yourself and others is what this
issue is all about.
the
ubyssey
February 13,1996
volume 77 Issue 37
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press.
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by The Ubyssey Publications
Society at the University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions expressed
are those of the newspaper and not necessarily those of the university
administration or the Alma Mater Society.
Editorial Office: Room 241K, Student Union Building,
6138 SUB Blvd.. UBC V6T1Z1
tel: (604) 822-2301   fax: (604) 822-9279
Business Office: Room 245, Student Union Building
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Canada Post Publications Sales Agreement Number 0732141
In the countryside, Scott Hayward and Christine Price were talcing a
walk trought the meadows. MJ and the Daily kids were helping at the Craig
Connell Barn. Sarah O'Donnell was tying Peter T Chattaway's frizzy hair
with one of his favourite scrunchies while he moaned with glee. Siobhan
Roantree was sitting on the slope eating Nathalie Dube's Vegetarian pie.
Matt Thompson was bathing the cows while Dong Sanders dried them up
with a Joe Clark toweL Then Martin dropped in to say, "Hi!" Paul and
Andrew Barker were weaving the chicken coop. Mike at Z95.3 FM was
talking on the phone, and then he shouted to Jenn Koo, "Call Wah Kee Ting
and Michael Mew to bring in the sheep!" Graham Knight was riding on a
horse, and Ron Herbert was scaring the crows away. Janet Winters and
Chris Nuttall-Smith were chewing grass in the field, while Charlie Cho and
Lucy Shih enjoyed watching it all from the top of the silo.
Special Issue Coordinator: Jenn Kuo
Editors:    " ■
Coordinating Editor Siobhan Roantree
Copy Editor: Sarah O'Donnell
News Editor: Matt Thompson
Culture Editor Peter T. Chattaway
Sports Editor: Scott Hayward
Production Coordinator Joe Clark
Photo Coordinator Jenn Kuo
Tuesday, February 13,1996
The Ubyssey Looking for a place to call home
by Ron Herbert
Living in residence can be a
stressful experience. For many,
first year is marked by roommate
conflicts, sleepless nights and
lining up to use the shower in
the morning. As if this weren't
enough, gay, lesbian and bisexual
students face the added stress of
having to cohabitate with someone
who may disapprove of their
sexual preference.
UBC's housing department
residence contract clearly
outlines the university's policy on
homophobic behaviour. "Activity
that is racist, sexist, homophobic
or any form of
discrimination or
sexual harassment is prohibited and may
result in eviction
from residence,"
the contract's
section on residence regulations
states.
The reality of life in residence
for homosexuals and bisexuals,
however, often does not live up
to the intentions of the
university's well-meaning
policies. Many gay and lesbian
students have described life in
residence as a "hostile
environment," and alternative
on-campus housing options are
limited.
Although many of the
fraternity houses provide room
and board, most gay students
simply do not feel welcome, as
there are no gay fraternities or
lesbian sororities.
"We encourage,
accommodate and
invite same-sex
couples to apply
for housing."
Former Inter-Fraternity
Council President Scott Walker
says fraternities and sororities are
accepting of gay and lesbian
members. "There are gay people
in fraternities and sororities. No
one judges you differently," said
Walker.
Walker says he is unaware of
any same-sex couples in fraternities and sororities. And while
he says personal rela-tionships
are not an issue, he did describe
fraternities as "based on a
different sense of community,
that emphasizes friendship and
brotherhood.
"If you have a
sexual relationship [in a fraternity or sorority],
the tension caused
could be detrimental," he said.
The   Equity
Robert Frampton, office, which
UBC Housing deaJs with com
plaints of homophobia as part of its mandate, says
it has received few complaints
about incidents connected directly
to residence life.
Many gay or lesbian victims of
discrimination are hesitant to come
forward and file complaints, since
this often leaves them visible and,
therefore, vulnerable.
"If your peer group isn't
comfortable with you to begin
with, sometimes complaining
makes it worse," said Margaretha
Hock of the Equity Office.
"Often, finding a solution to the
problem requires education,
work, and sometimes discipline.
STUDENT HEALTH
SERVICE
ROOM M334
2211 WESBROOK MALL
(located in the Vancouver Hospital,
UBC Site)
HOURS:
MONDAY, TUESDAY,
WEDNESDAY, £r FRIDAY 8AM - 4PM
THURSDAY'S 8:45AM - 4 PM
For more information come in or
telephone:
General Clinic 822-7011
Psychiatric Clinic 822-7689
Fax 822-7889
Some people just don't have the
energy to go through all that."
Over the past several years, the
university says it has tried to
create a welcoming environment
for same-sex couples living in
senior residences.
"We encourage, accommodate
and invite same-sex couples to
apply for housing in our various
senior residences, including
Acadia Park, Gage Towers,
Thunderbird Residence and the
University Apartments," said
department of housing and
conferences' Robert Frampton.
As far as encouraging same-sex
couples to apply for shared
accommodation in the junior
residences of Totem Park and
Place Vanier is concerned, the
department's position is a more
dubious "yes and no," mainly,
they say, since the communal
nature of these residences does
not offer same-sex couples the
same degree of privacy as the
senior residences.
Many students applaud the
progressive aspects of the
university's housing policies.
"Compared to a lot of the
redneck universities back east,
UBC offers a relatively safe
environment for gay students,"
said one student who chose to
remain anonymous. "It's not
perfect, but gay rights have come
a long way in the past few years."
II"
CUTTING EDGE—one of two gay hockey teams playing in a straight league out at the UBC Rinks.
MICHAEL MEW PHOTO
International Lesbian Week
celebrates its first decade
byJenn Kuo
Friday, February 9, 1996
kicked off Vancouver's 10th
annual International Lesbian
Week (ILW). Nine events have
been planned for the week long
celebration, with venues
appealing to both the fun-loving
dyke and the political.
International Lesbian Week was
begun by lesbian activist Louise
Proux in 1986 at the International
Lesbian and Gay Association
conference in Geneva.
This year, events like the dyke
video night organized by Out On
Screen, Lesbo Bingo and the
week-end party at the Lotus are
making a reappearance. New on
the scene is the VLC (Very
Lesbian Chic) Pagent, and the
Dyke Visibility March ending
with a kiss-in.
Speakers for Tuesday's "Get
Involved" panel discussion will
include the NDP's Betty Baxter;
Janine Fuller, manager of Little
Sister's Bookstore; Barbara
Findlay and Monika Chappell of
the December 9 Coalition; and
Becki Ross, a UBC professor who
was the first Canadian woman to
receive a PhD in Lesbian Studies.
ILW events are organized by
volunteers and the organizing
committee receives no outside
funding. It wasn't until the third
year of the organization that the
volunteers didn't partially fund
the events. After its fifth year,
ILW was finally able to save
money for the next year and
make donations back to groups
within the community.
Several events remain this
week. Everyone can attend, as
admission to venues is on a
sliding scale starting from $0, and
children are either welcome or
childcare is available.
r
"1RAVELCUTS
Wm ^B Canadian Universities Travel Service Limited
2nd UBC Location
5728 University Blvd. Suite 203
(above McDonald's)
GRAND OPENING - Feb I 5th
Drop by our office on Feb. 15th and enter to win a $50
travel gift certificate. Plus, the first 60 people will
receive a FREE Berkeley Guide to Europe!
V.
Visit us for all your travel needs including:
Flights, Package Holidays, Bus and Train Passes,
Adventure Tours, Language Courses, Working
Holidays, Hostel Memberships and more!
ILW events
Tuesday, Feb. 13, 8:30pm
Get Involved! (a panel discussion). Emily Carr Institute,
Granville Island.
$0-$10. Childcare: 669-9110
Wednesday, Feb. 14, 7pm
Lesbo Bingo
Cafe   Deux   Soleils,   2096
Commercial Dr.
$0-$5, including 1 card (each
additional card: 50 cents)
Restaurant opens at 5pm for
dinner
Childcare: 254-6595
Wednesday, Feb. 14, 7:30pm
After Beijing: The Lesbian
Agenda
540 E. Hastings St.
$0-$3. Childcare: 999-4609
Thursday, Feb. 15, 7:30-9pni
Lesbian Show Open House
CO-OP Radio, 337 Caft-all St
$0-$3. Children welconje
Saturday, Feb. 17,1pm
Take Back the Mall-Dyke
Visibility March
Meet at Vancouver Art Gallery
(Robson St. side)
Morrnation: 874-8299
Saturday, Feb. 17, 8pm
Style Seduction and Sleaze-
10th Ariniversary ILW Dance
The Lotus Club, 455 Abbott St.
)-$15. Childcare: 602-0171
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13,1996 Queer rights and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
A review of the
last ten years
by Douglas
w
Douglas Sanders
as it just another broken
promise? Or was it the start
of a clear legal recognition of
lesbian and gay rights in Canada?
On March 4,1986, Justice Minister John
Crosbie announced in the House of
Commons that discrimination on the
grounds of sexual orientation was
prohibited by the Charter of Rights and
Freedoms. He promised to reform
Canadian laws. Federal lawyers began to
concede in court that "sexual orientation"
was covered by the equality promise in the
Charter.
A one day conference at the Faculty of
Law on Saturday, March 2, from 10 am to
5 pm will mark the tenth anniversary of
that statement by the former justice
minister. It will also raise awareness that
ten years later, the Canadian Human
Rights Act has still not been amended to
include the words "sexual orientation."
The story behind the Crosbie statement
is important.
In the constitutional fights from 1978 to
the enactment ofthe Charter of Rights and
Freedoms in 1982, lesbians, gays, bisexuals
and transgendered were basically invisible.
Svend Robinson had not yet announced
he was gay. He proposed adding "sexual
orientation" to the equality provision in
the draft Charter, but there was no support.
Disabled persons were able to get named
in the equality provision. Aboriginal
peoples got important recognition. Women
won on the wording of the equality
provision and on general equal rights in
section 28. Lesbians and gays were left out
in the cold.
However section 15, the equality
provision in the Charter, was "open
ended." It prohibited discrimination
in general. The section had a list
of   prohibited   grounds   of
discrimination, but they were
examples; other forms of
discrimination   could   be
covered. At the time, it was
uncertain what other kinds of    4
discrimination the courts
would recognize.
Governments believed that ^
the new equality provision
would bring sweeping
changes in Canadian laws. ^h&
Because the equality f\%£iigf£%
clause was seen as \~*fW* ■v'
revolutionary, it did not
come into force until three years later than
the rest of the Charter. In the interim,
governments did "inventories" of their
laws, to see what changes they had to
make.
John Crosbie released a "Discussion
Paper on Equality Issues in Federal Law"
at a national equality conference organized
by women in Toronto in January 1985.
Crosbie, in his typical fashion, began with
a series • of Newfie jokes. As a
Newfoundlander, he could get away with
them. Then he turned to his prepared
speech, with obviously no interest or
commitment.
After the speech we got to see the federal
document. There was a chapter on
homosexuality: two pages. It was written
by the Department of National Defence.
The ban on homosexuals in the military
was   defended   on   the   basis   that
homosexuals would be disruptive and
might get beaten up. Homosexuals could
be subverted by foreign governments. As
a clincher, the ban was supported on the
basis of "majoritarian values."
The discussion paper went to a
Parliamentary Committee on Equality
Rights. Svend Robinson, as the NDP
justice critic, was a member of the
committee. Svend had already introduced
a private members bill to add "sexual
orientation" to the Canadian Human
Rights Act.
Then a curious thing happened. The
Canadian Bar Association appeared before
the Committee and said that sexual
orientation was one of the more obvious
grounds of discrimination that would be
covered by the Charter. This was not the
Homosexuals would be
disruptive and might get
beaten up. Homosexuals
could be subverted by
foreign governments.
—view of the Department of
National Defence, 1985
usual cautious lawyerly comment that
"probably" or "perhaps" homosexuals
would be covered. The CBA said the point
was clear, uncontroversial.
How had this come about? The
head of the CBA at the time was
Bryan Williams, a Vancouver
lawyer, known to be progressive on
social issues. He asked Lynn
Smith—one of the founders
of LEAF, the Women's Legal
Rights Act. It rejected the homophobic
arguments put forward by the Armed
Forces and the RCMP. It called for security
clearances for lesbians and gays and an
equal age of consent for sexual activity.
The governmental response to the
Parliamentary Committee Report came in
a document called "Toward Equality" and
in Crosbie's 1986 statement to the House
of Commons. The key words are an
interpretation of the Charter:
"The Department of Justice is ofthe view
that the courts will find that sexual
orientation is encompassed by the
guarantees in section 15 ofthe Charter.
The Government will take whatever
measures are necessary to ensure that
sexual orientation is a prohibited ground
of discrimination in relation to all areas
of federal jurisdiction."
Crosbie's 1986 statement was backed by
the prime minister and the cabinet. But even
after five caucus meetings on the homosexual issue, there was still division in the
ranks. When Crosbie finally made the
statement there was a public back-bench
revolt Western Report magazine put the major
dissident MP on its cover, with the headline
"Revolt ofthe Right." The dissenters came
to be known as the "family caucus."
Crosbie, for his part, made it clear the
government was not soft on fags: "We are
not condoning homosexuality. Anything
but." Like many others who give reluctant
support to homosexual rights, his
justification was opposition to
discrimination, not acceptance
of diversity.
The back-bench revolt
was repeated in 1991
Lucy s,
Education and Action Fund-to prepare the
CBA submission. She is now the Dean of
Law at UBC. Professor Smith and gay
UBC academic Bill Black have written one
of the leading articles on the equality
provision. These connections led the CBA
to come out clearly on the side of lesbian
and gay rights.
The general mood of change, the work
of Robinson, the support of the Canadian
Bar Association and the support of the
United Church all made it possible for the
Parliamentary Committee Report,
"Equality For All," released in October
1985, to be a major breakthrough. The
report noted patterns of discrimination. It
said many people reacted to homosexuality on a "visceral level." It said
homosexuals were protected by the
Charter and said "sexual orientation"
should be added to the Canadian Human
when the Mulroney government was about
to announce an end to the ban in the
armed forces. The ban continued. In 1992
a new minister of justice, Kim Campbell,
worked out a compromise with the caucus.
She would add "sexual orientation" to the
Human Rights Act, but add a definition of
"marital status" limited to heterosexuals.
While this was designed to mollify the
"family caucus," she said in her
constituency, which included the gay west
end, that it would not block "spousal"
benefits for same-sex couples. But lesbian
and gay opposition to this compromise
killed the bill. It was introduced, but never
debated.
Kim Campbell managed the internal
divisions within the caucus better than
Crosbie before her or Alan Rock, the
current minister of justice. She ended the
ban on homosexuals in the military by
telling government lawyers to cave in on
a court challenge. When the Ontario Court
of Appeal ruled that human rights laws
would have to be interpreted as covering
"sexual orientation," she strategically
decided not to appeal the decision. The
[Then Justice Minister Kim
Campbell] ended the ban
on homosexuals in the
military by telling
government lawyers to
cave in on a court
challenge.
DacK Dencners am not place tne Diame on
Campbell, but on the courts. She also
pushed the minister of immigration to start
a discretionary procedure to allow the
same-sex partners of Canadians to get into
Canada on "compassionate and
humanitarian" grounds. Campbell is the
unacknowledged star of reform activity in
the last decade.
The House of Commons today looks
much like the House of Commons
of 1986. Then there was a "family
caucus" prepared to publicly break from
government positions. Now there are Tom
Wappel and Rosanne Skoke, who publicly
broke with the Chretien government over
mentioning "sexual orientation" in the hate
crimes legislation. And, as in the 1980s,
the promise has been made to add "sexual
orientation" to the Canadian Human
Rights Act. The current Minister of Justice
Alan Rock said he would introduce such
an amendment before the end of 1994. We
still wait.
In other ways, everything has changed.
In 1986 it was still adventurous to assert
that lesbians and gays would be protected
by the courts. But in the 1995 Egan case,
all nine judges ofthe Supreme Court
of Canada said  that  "sexual
orientation" was covered by the
equality section. They
went   further.   In   the
groundbreaking   1985
Parliamentary Committee
report "Equality For All,"
there was no mention of
recognition ofthe rights of
same sex couples to equal
treatment. In 1995 the Supreme
Court of Canada said that the Charter's
promise of equality applied to lesbians and
gays as individuals and as couples.
In the Egan case one swing judge said
that the government was entitled to proceed
incrementally with extending benefits to
same-sex partners. Because ofthe decision
of that one judge, Egan and Nesbitt lost
the claim for the "spousal allowance."
However the judge was only giving some
breathing space to governments, some
time to adjust to what he saw as "novel"
claims to equality, not recognized earlier.
Even for him, the handwriting was on the
wall. Government would have to Come
around, in due course to a full recognition
of lesbian and gay equality.
In 1986 no one was really "out" in the
Faculty of Law at UBC. In 1996, there are
seven out full-time faculty, four men and
three women.
Times have changed.
Professor Sanders is a member ofthe Faculty
of Law at UBC. He teaches a seminar on lesbian
and gay legal issues, and has been male co-chair
of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Faculty
Association on Lesbian and Gay Issues. He is
also male co-chair of the Lesbian and Gay
Immigration Task Force.
Tuesday, February 13,1996
The Ubyssey LGBQ
Sexual identity and gender id
The following is a glossary of some basic terms used to describe gender and
sexual identity. These meanings are continually changing and are used in
various manners by different people in different contexts. The definitions
assume the existence of only two sexes and genders which many people consider
to be closely related or overlapping. In this way, they may present a limited
view of a much richer reality. Despite these ambiguities, many people find the
terms listed here useful to varying degrees, if only as a starting point to describe
how their view ofthe world differs from that represented here.
Bear in mind that gender identity refers to whether one thinks of oneself as
a man (masculine) or as a woman (feminine);gender/sex is whether one has
a vagina or a penis; and gender roles are arbitrary rules prescribed by society
about how people are expected to behave based on their sex.
Sexual identity refers to whom one is sexually and romantically attracted.
When one's sex and gender identity differ, either can determine one's sexual
identity. Alternatively, one may have two sexual identities, one as a man and
one as a woman.
androgyny: the quality of
simultaneously exhibiting
masculine" and "feminine"
characteristics.
the assumption**
neuter.- j
Penis nor a
Usedtomean
°ne^ohasne,fhera
2- occasionally
nous.
sex or
Va0na.
androgyr
hcterosexism:"-osexualand
identifying as"' anUc
having sexual and ^ ofthe
attractions only K^^bie
other s« is 8^^ entities and :
and that other^ other sender-* ersonS
attractions are b pUon that    o ^ ihe tete seX
unacceptable. The        rientanon is   ff*  ^ ^ bas an
not fenown must d
°,er
oNwn leg.
oartner'l
Benjamin Standards, the: the
international guidelines developed
by Dr. Harry Benjamin regarding
requirements of applicants for
hormone therapy and sexual
reassignment surgery.
a one *ho scenes
biiendered: one     ndfemimne
gay: one who has significant sexual
and romantic attractions primarily
to members of the same sex, or who
identifies as a member of the gV\^!
community. Can refer to gay mWffs
or both gay males and lesbians.
Although some use the term gay
community to refer to all sexual
minorities, lesbians and bisexuals
often do not feel the term includes
included.
D-e/opedJ;:^t°er^amesex.
rasPe*s of the opDre ™ d|f Cr*n? *\
(to be) out: to be o
sexual identjtoAjt
act
(to) out (g
Iate<
fender (Identity)
gender ro/e (ie
^Phobia: the oppression      "feminine")-
mistreatment of hnor
a Psycho/oc/ical
masculine" or
same sender am^-a)the
ti^f •*   SS^onSs own se
gets eJectroIySJS.
Pjfcropositlon.ha.
therapy
and
1 gay men.
bisexual: one who has significant
sexual and romantic attractions to
members of both the same and the
other sex, or who identifies as a
member of the bisexual community.
butch* j "m
in
,!den%of/esbi(
masculine"
lanor
beh
aviour.
°r macho dress
Zay-bmmQn
and
come out: 1. to disclose one's own
sexual identity to another. 2. to
discover that one's own sexual
identity is different than previously
assumed. 3. to deal with one's own
and others' reactions to the
discovery or revelation of one's
sexual identity.
.   a , clothes, often unu5u«. or
gender (identity) community:
people who identify as transvestite,
transsexual or transgendered.
Members of the gender community
do not necessarily identify as
members of the sexual minority
community.
gender dysphoria (GD):un
happiness or discomfort
pxoerienced by one whose sexual
identity.    . .■   .■■
members of both sexes.
gender role: arbitrary rules
assigned by society that define what
clothing, behaviours, thoughts,
feelings, relationships, etc. are
considered appropriate and
inappropriate for members of each
sex. What is considered "masculine,"
" feminine" or "neutral" varies .   ^ so
according to location, class, !•"* *   f nnP.
■ thinbsoione.
hormone therapy: used to change
secondary sex characteristics
including breast size, weight '
distribution and facial hair growth
— **x organs: penis
primary sex or«
or vagina (female)-
(male)
identify/ied (as): to think of queer: reclaimed derogatory slang
oneself as having a particular sexual for the sexual minority community
identity or gender identity (eg. "I
identify as a bisexual" or "He is
bisexual-identified). To emphasize
that an identity term refers to one's
internal reality, as opposed to what
others perceive.
(eg. Queer Nation). Not accepted by ,
all the sexual minority community,
especially older members.
jX/$endet
; the se
or
Q
•Si*
**4£'«>*.
•°tr
.ns«y scale tu
me^scmeZ!^!ane9uau
amesex«
^eSC*Te "reference person's
^(i;!^Uasame
partner")-
sex: male or female, depending on
ones primary sex organs.
,-._   „        Jl-«ie yxrith -M«ai-
sex
ro/e;
een
and
*e*;
«*»/,
See ^nder ro/e_
^n§
'tfii
'Ws
ione else sees
or
b'sex"a;w0mean"S0"o,esWansn
occasion and numerous other
lesbian: a woman who has
Significant sexual and romantic
attractions to members of the same
i©¥/GJSV- sex or who identifies as a member of
and
factors.
t"»ns":.tr"etmb«*.
regardless of one s presen^^^of**** ■    ^z      the lesbian community. Bisexual
of
of
gender identity. ^
one1
women often do not feel included
by this term.
ilnority
F2M: female to male. Used to
specify the direction of a sex or
gender role change.
present **■
scx„a..<.en««^;7Kr-m.Wch
5en,|»e..,
fre«and5ew^e"oreffe
"ferm.
hermaphrodite: one who has both
a penis and a vagina. Considered
derogatory.
M2F: male to female. Used to
specify the direction of a sex or
gender role change.
minate
and
heterosexual (net): one who has
significant sexual and romantic
attractions primarily to members of
the other sex.
community:--b.sexuals^ys
includes lesbians, u lhe
Sd sometimes membe;bersoU
gender commun^uaU7
ixualminor^commbersoUhe
m<>nose*ual do not identity asm
«**toZ££^ ^      render community.
factions pZtn      °mmtic
-e-(le.^f ^embers of
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13,1996 entity glossary -
te™s of beinof   ?r/h'mse,U»
inahllin, ,„ . nema"°n implies rh=
0nu»uni£Fon>*l
O
CL
O
E
o
sexual preference.
ons. Conv,
mp/ies
ersety
!  de*eIopmennrtSI
to control or influ
ot^me»^
). one ^ho
es, whether just
■cnj^w—-   ^at>jsrttt.
rnle.otmjgl^.^sand
transfie
1
Iransve
*$¥Ss$B!iw*
c
of
;\etirrjSfw
one sex to
gans
a or
sexual
all: A pivotal event in 1969
that basically involved queers
revolting against discrimination.
Many attribute this to having spurred
the modern queer movement.
.CO'
»°<^S?
eftf
toe^s     p/eas
?uv~ se*^     «\\c»u0    t"
one who
'?xes (usually just
there are exceptions).
Primary sex change is accomplished
by sexual reassignment surgery,
hormone therapy, electrolysis,
additional surgery and other
treatments that change secondary
sex characteristics.
aPPearance ,— • P easure in «,„     y
ix6pUISIOn. Homosexuality is seen as a "sickness, a sin or a
crime." Anything is justified to change "those people" (eg. prison,
hospitalization and negative behaviour therapy, including shock therapy).
ure.
' m the
The
ot
M^.0ccaSlona//l:^e.Cro«*esSed.
dysphoria
la%exPerje
nce gender
d^asV
source: The McGill Daily
;jfj. I   I ly ■ Heterosexual chauvinism. Heterosexuality is assumed to be
'.J: ■ more mature and certainly to be preferred. Any possibility of becoming
-,^' straight should be reinforced and those who seem to be born "that way"
'--' should be pitied (eg. "the poor dears...").
I OI6rcHlC6aj Homosexuality is viewed as just a phase of
adolescent development that many people go through and most people
"grow out of." Thus, lesbian and gay people are seen as less mature than
straights and treated with the protectiveness and indulgence one uses
with a child. This belief implies lesbians, bisexuals and gays should not
be given positions of authority because they are still working through
adolescent behaviours.
/^CC6ULCinC6i Still implies there is something to accept,
characterized by such statements as "you are not gay to me; you are a
person." "What you do in bed is your own business." "That's fine as long
as you don't flaunt it." Not to mention the famous, "we still love you" or
"we love you anyway."
This ignores the pain of invisibility and the stress of closet behaviour.
"Flaunt" usually means to say or do anything that makes people aware.
It also denies the social and legal realities with which lesbian, bisexual
and gay people live.
DUppOiTi Works to safeguard the rights of lesbian, bisexual and
gay people. Aware ofthe climate and the irrational unfairness of attitudes
and realities.
/"\vJ 1111 IClT.1 Oil. Acknowledges that being lesbian, bisexual or
gay in our society takes strength. Willing to truly look at themselves and
work on their own homophobic attitudes.
»»P P • CCI 3.11 Oil. Values the diversity of people and sees lesbian,
bisexual and gay persons as a valid part of that diversity. Willing to work
towards combatting homophobia in themselves and others.
IN U ItU lcinC6> Assumes that lesbian, bisexual and gay people
are indispensable in our society. Views lesbian, bisexual and gay people
with genuine affection and delight. Willing to be lesbian and gay
advocates.
-Dr. Dorothy Riddle (Tuscon, Arizona)
CO
0>
Let's face it. There are times when saving
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V Apple
Apple, tbe Apple logo, Macintosh, andPowerBook are registered trademark of and P(wer Macintosh is a tradmatt q
Tuesday, February 13,1996
The Ubyssey Demystifying the myth of lesbians and HIV
Many lesbians have felt left
out of the AIDS health crises.
Silence about lesbians and AIDS
has created a lot of fear and
anger.
This lack of information feeds
into a sense of lesbian invisibility.
Since nobody seems to talk about
lesbians and AIDS, we will look
out for ourselves.
How do lesbians get AIDS?
HIV (the virus that causes
AIDS) is passed from one person
to another through direct
exchange of blood, vaginal juices
or semen. This occurs primarily
through unprotected anal and
vaginal intercourse, or by sharing
needles or "works," or through
your blood system to your baby.
Menstrual blood is considered a
blood product. Alternate or
artificial insemination can also
put lesbians and their babies at
risk of HIV.
In 1990, lesbians with AIDS
in North America numbered in
the hundreds compared to over
150,000 people with AIDS.
There is no estimate for the
number of lesbians infected with
HIV, but it is probably also
comparatively low.
In general,  lesbians
get fewer sexually &e+
transmitted >
diseases . e\<i   i\$xC'
than .x^tf"'-
heterosexual women. Chlamydia
and trichomonas do not pass
easily between women. Genital
warts seem to be less common
in lesbians. Herpes, yeast and
haemophilus are just as common
for lesbians as for women who
are sexual with men.
Sex toys
Sharing sex toys could be a
risky activitysince they could be
covered with traces of blood or
vaginal juices. When inserted into
a partner's vagina or anus they
could pass HIV or other sexually
transmitted diseases. Any sexual
activity which leads to breaks or
cuts in the lining of the vagina or
anus can create a low risk situation
if infected body fluids enter these
cuts. Penetration with toys,
fingernails or hands can cause cuts
in the vagina or anus.
You can wash toys with soap
and water or you can use a
condom to cover a toy before
transferring it between
bodies. A new
Insemination
Sometimes it is difficult to find
a donor let alone having to
consider the risk of AIDS for you
and your baby.
If you decide to inseminate
you should know the detailed
medical history and possible risk
behaviour activities of each
potential donor, including drug
use and sexual activities. Find
someone who will agree to take
tests for sexually transmitted
diseases, especially the HIV
antibody test.
The HIV test should be taken
three times prior to insemination.
One test is not enough because
the test only shows antibodies to
the HIV virus and sometimes
the   antibodies   take '
longer than three to _A     ,
six weeks to
show up.
In a
Little research has been done
on the transmission of HIV from
woman to woman. Much of the
information is anecdotal or
hearsay, and it can be difficult to
find concrete information about
the risks of contracting the
disease.
AIDS Vancouver women's
programs, in an effort to identify
the key issues surrounding HIV
for women who have sex with
women, conducted an HIV
survey of the lesbian
demographic groups, and instead
centre on the risk associated with
specific behaviours. In other
words, it is not the risk group we
belong  to,  but  the  specific
practices we engage in that put
us at risk for HIV.
Women     may
identify    as
lesbians,
community.
.e*>e>*'
&'
*\*
xe+
s<*
*>*
5e
*tf
&
>V
,/"-^c
a**'
<*>'
**«&^
^
rP<*
&*
>°"
A*
cases, it
has taken as
long as a year. Each
.6°v
.\P
,c^
^*o*.**
,-xjN     fl^v»\° condom
should be used by
••>'
O"* each partner.
^\6e   0v   -No-e person reacts indivi
dually. Your donor should
practice safe sex and not share
needles between tests. You will
need to talk with him explicitly
and agree on what safer sex
practices are.
fc»*
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The
challenge
facing the organization was to reach as
many women who have sex
with women as possible. Asking
questions about sexuality, HIV
and risk in a language relevant
to all women who have sex with
women is difficult, and the survey
acknowledged the variety of
ways women express their
sexuality and lifestyle.
Of the 900 surveys distributed
in Vancouver bars, restaurants,
bookstores, women's centres and
gay and lesbian centres, 158 were
returned. Although a small
sample, the survey's findings are
consistent with similar surveys
conducted in San Francisco and
New York.
After analyzing the results,
AIDS Vancouver recommended
that HIV prevention efforts
should shift away from their
focus on high risk lifestyle or
Brave New
Play Rites
25
15-minute plays
Feb. 14-18
Dorothy Summerset
Studio
Evening Performances
Wednesday Feb. 14 to
Saturday, Feb. 17
7 pm and 9:30 pm
Matinees
Saturday, Feb. 17 and
Sunday, Feb. 18
1 pm and 4 pm
Tickets: $5 & $4
822-2678
dykes,
bisexuals,
queers or women
loving women and still
be at risk. Woman to woman
transmission of HIV is possible,
although less common than
transmission    through    unprotected   vaginal   or   anal
intercourse or sharing unclean
needles, and the survey shows
that women who have sex with
women may also engage in
these practices.
source: Women and AIDS, Reducing Our
Risks: women who have sex with women.
AIDS Vancouver women's programs
Results of the AIDS
Vancouver Women's
Program 1994 HIV Survey:
•75 percent identified as lesbians,
17 percent as bisexual, 5 percent
as dyke, 2 percent as heterosexual and 1 percent 'other'.
• 98 percent of the sexually active
women surveyed had performed
oral sex on their female partners.
• 87 percent do not use a latex
barrier when performing oral sex
on their female partners.
• 73 percent said they put their
hands and fists in their partners'
vaginas. 67 percent never wore
gloves.
• Half the women surveyed use sex
toys (le. vibrators, dildoes) with
their partners. 32 percent always
wash their toys or use condoms
before sharing.
• 20 percent of the women
surveyed had vaginal sex with men
in the past year. 86 percent of
these women identified as
bisexual, 14 percent as lesbians.
• in the past 5 years, 40 percent
said they had sex with men. 58
percent of these women identified
themselves as lesbians and 42
percent as bisexual. Among the 40
percent, only 30 percent said their
partners always wore condoms. 20
percent of the women who had sex
with men said they had anal sex
with men in the past five years.
o»e nun steten
Wednesday to Thursday (Feb.14-15)
in SUB Auditorium
8:00pm    RAN
UBC Film Society
Check for our flyers
in SUB 247.
film
$3
For 24-Hour Movie Listings call 822-3697
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13,1996 2*
alentinet cla§§ifeds
Andrew, Eric, Sean
We met you at Whistler
Garfinkels precise
We shared a few drinks
We thought you were nice.
Skittles in the pizza
Sean dropped his pants
We're coming back up
For a little romance!
Feb. 16 and 17 - same time,
same place
TC chick,
It was short, it was sweet...
Ah! The bitterness!
samer --
thinking of our poor
unfortunately located amigo.
wishing you were here.
MJ -- you're the only one.
to the dykes of UBC:
where are you??!!??
love jenn
yukie,
your postcards are sorely
missed, how about tea
sometime?
A
My Mahogony Love God,
Your armpits are the epitome
of loveliness.
They make you so touchable,
so divine.
Their sparse, yet fluffy, silk
hairs
electrify my very being and
moisten my loins.
Their golden brown colour,
which glistens in the sun, sets
off the flecks of mahogany in
your eyes and make me want
to slather you in my hot
saliva.
They exude a scent so
seductive and masculine that
i just have to force my
throbbing parts against you,
like an insatiable
nymphomaniac.
Heck, if I could write this
much about your armpits
baby, just imagine what I
could write about your other
delicious parts.
- Nermal
tile floor buddies are hard to
find, aren't they? won't you
still be mine?
from the feisty one
Dearest soulmate
Completely enraptured by
your wonderousness... I am
transported to a heavenly
place within your embrace.
Your loving, a delicious casca
de placer. Tragically,
circumstances of our earthly
existence prohibit our
togetherness. What is my
lesson??
With passion and love
always... Tracy
Dear Mark (or should I say
Peachflake?)
Happy Valentine's Day! It's
been nothing but fun since
the first glorious day I met
you at the Shrum Bowl -
hickies on the forehead and
all. You'll have to come pick
up the rest of your gift later.
Love, kisses and hugs
Sarah
^4ALGBQ^4A
Alison:
Nothing worth having comes
without some sort of fight.
...still in my dreams
Trevor
to Svend Robinson,
hugs and kisses,
Love the Faculty of Law
To my Pumpkin Diddle,
Come up to The Ubyssey office and suck my face. Our
PDA will be so cute we'll make the whole office puke.
I'll love you forever with all my heart and soul.
Scooterboots
samer - thinking of our
poor unforutnately located
amigo, wishing you were
here.
Jill,
Roses are red,
Violets are blue,
This ish is gay,
Tell me you are too.
your secret admirer
Nathalie,
How do I love thee. Let me count the ways
I love thee more than you love sushi,
I love thee more frequently than the mice visit your kitchen
I love thee like a butterfly ricochets between my ulcers,
I love thee far stickier than crazy glue comes,
I love thee with the clumsy delerium of a drunken ox...
Te quiero siempre,
Jenn
Jen,
dear schnoodledog,
They're playing our song,
You can bake my baklava
honey!
anytime. You Iamb-eating
sweetness,
Greek!!!
Jenn
love and squishes,
the bruised cucumber
My little peanut of brittle,
I screech to you with jungle love. Come away wiz me to ze
Casbah, we shall make beyootiful music together! Ah, ze
birth of a notion! Together we shall make ze drama mellow!
Ah, ze sweet nothings. Ah, ze sweet somethings!
Pepe
IT'S ifOUR LAST CflANCt TO RUN IN Tfl£
ARTS U(MD£RGRAD
SOCI£T.y €L€CTIOMS
life at UBC is more than merely academics. If you're an Arts
student looking to interact with a diverse group of people
from different departments then the AUS is for you. Whether
it's bzzr gardens or student advocacy that interests you, the
AUS does it all. The centrepiece ofthe AUS is the Arts County
Fair. It goes to show that Arts students can work hard, party
harder, and organize, from the ground up, an event that s
famous throughout Canada. If you would like more information drop by Buch A207 or call 822-4403.
WU CAM RUM FOR:
President
VP Internal
VP External
Treasurer
4 AMS Reps
Academic Coordinator
Marketing Coordinator
Social Coordinator
Sports Coordinator
8 General Officers
Nomination forms are due this Friday (Feb. 16th). Election packages are
available now from Buch A207. You must attend the All Candidates
Meeting at 5:30pm Friday (in A207). Campaiging will run from Feb. 26th
to March 3rd. Voting will be from March 4th to the 6th.
Tuesday, February 13,1996
The Ubyssey LGBQ
Lesbian Avengers fight for visibility
byJenn Kuo
The Lesbian Avengers is a
non-violent direct action group
focused on issues vital to Lesbian
survival and visibility.
"Visibility is activism,"
according to Lesbian Avenger
Aviva Lazar. Founded in New
York in June of 1992, the
Avengers aim to provide an
organized voice to lesbian
activism.
"Someone's got to do it," said
Lazar. "People do it on their own,
but [The Avengers] give it some
sort of organization. [Lesbians]
are not just a bunch of scattered
people."
The Lesbian Avengers now
have a chapter in every major
North American city. Canadian
chapters have sprung up in
Vancouver, Ottawa and Guelph,
Ontario.
The Vancouver chapter came
into existence two years ago, and
has since participated in such
events as the Stonewall Festival
(a celebration of modern queer
activism), where they set up a
kissing booth; Gay Pride, where
Avengers rode in the back of a
flat bed truck dressed as Wonder
Women with a big paper mache
bomb; and the traditionally
heterosexual-dominated event of
ballroom dancing at Robson
Square.
Triangle haunts past,
gives pride for future
Symbol from concentration camp horrors comes to represent self-worth
by Paul Dayson
Once a stigma, the Pink
Triangle has come to symbolize
much ofthe aspirations ofthe gay
liberation movement and is now
worn with pride by gays and
lesbians.
The symbol's roots date back
to the concentration camps of
Hider's Nazi Germany where the
Pink Triangle was used to identify
homosexual prisoners, much Hke
the Yellow Star of David that
marked Jews.
The fight against persecution,
however, began long before.
In the early 1920s Germany
was the scene of a budding gay
rights movement, with the
formation of homosexual
associations in several cities.
Most of their attention focused
on fighting Paragraph 175 of
German law, enacted in 1871
with the inception ofthe German
state.
Paragraph 175 stated that "A
male who indulges in criminally
indecent activities with another
male or who allows himself to
participate in such activities will
be punished with jail."
Though the movement's
efforts for legislative change met
with no success, they did gain
wider acceptance, especially in
Berlin, a centre of gay culture.
The rise of nazism in the 1930s,
however, put an end to this.
The Nazis viewed homosexuals as effeminate and
woman-like, qualities considered unsuitable for their warrior
ideal. To them, homosexuals
were a sub-class of criminals who
threatened the reproductive
vitality of German society.
On February 23, 1933, just 24
days after Hider was appointed
chancellor, all homosexual
associations were banned.
Among those first interned at the
new concentration camps, like
Dachau, were the directors of
these associations.
In 1935 gay bars, which had
been raided continually in the
preceding two years, were made
illegal and homosexuals were
labelled "sexual vagrants."
Paragraph 175 was expanded
and criminal acts now included
kissing, touching and mutual
masturbation as well as sexual
acts resembling coitus.
The invisibility of
homosexuals in society-at-large
often helped them to hide. As
well, lesbians for the most part
went untouched because the
Nazis' patriarchal view excluded
their existence. Some lesbians,
however, were interned in the
camps.
Gays, meanwhile, were found
by the authorities from lists of
those arrested at gay bars, from
diaries, letters and address books
as well as confessions under
torture of the arrested. Others
were turned in by acquaintances.
The practice of direct transfer
to camps—sending those in
prisons to camps after they
served sentences-began in 1938.
Here they donned the Pink
Triangle which denoted them as
homosexuals.
Unlike ethnic or political
prisoners, homosexuals came
The Avengers collectively
plan their group actions, and
virtually anyone with an idea can
attend a meeting and discuss it
with group members. "It inspires
community," Lazar explained.
After a period of relative
dormancy, the Vancouver
Avengers are in the process of re
grouping after the original seven
members grew tired of organizing on their own.
The Avengers will be in the SUB
concourse Friday, Feb. 16 as part
of GLBUBC's Outweek, so dykes
interested in doing something can
call Mitch (Recruitment Officer) at
377-0742 or Aviva at 669-9110.
The epitome of AIDS activist
groups, AIDS Coalition to
Unleash Power (ACT-UP) has
made the slogan "Silence =
Death" popular and set the tone
of militant AIDS and gay
activism.
ACT-UP began in New York
in the mid 80s where the AIDS
crisis had been the most
disastrous. It provided an outlet
for the constructive energies of
at first a few dozen and then
hundreds of concerned individuals, later growing to thousands.
ACT-UP targets the medical
establishment, all levels of
government, as well as public
opinion for their passive attitude
toward the AIDS epidemic.They
aim to make the public
comprehend the serious
consequence of their ignorance
about the disease.
ACT-U P became infamous for
their disruption of the 1989
conference on AIDS held in
Montreal. ACT-UP members
gained entrance into the
conference hall and took over
the stage to make its criticisms
of the scientific community's
handling of the AIDS crisis.
In San Francisco a year later,
ACT-UP again tried to disrupt
the conference on AIDS. They
heid that the US policy barring
those with AIDS from entering
the country prevented
adequate discussion.
ACT-UP did not gain
entry to the conference,
but sit-down demonstrations resulted in many
arrests.
These are classic
examples of ACT-UP's
tactics: forms of civil
disobedience combining
passive resistance and the
creative disruption of
everyday business.
ACT-UP has traditionally aimed at achieving recognition for the
state of the AIDS crisis.
"AIDS deaths every hour;
blood on the hands of those
in power" has become one
of their slogans. The
governments, they say, are
not doing enough to
combat the disease.
ACT-U P has also voiced
criticism of injustices not,
at first, apparently related
to AIDS. Stances on issues
like racism, sexism and
economic injustice have
been included in some
chapters' mandates.
Injustices like these, some
chapters argue, prevent
the disadvantaged from
receiving even the poor
AIDS treatment available.
D
u
<
pi
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3
from a diverse background. This
made it difficult for them to act
together and protect themselves.
Nor did they gain support from
other interned groups.
Homosexuals made up one of the
smaller minorities in the camps-
approximately 25,000 are
believed to have been interned—
and homophobia meant that
those who wore the Pink Triangle
were the lowest caste in the camp.
They were excluded from the
alliances of camp committees and
the political undergrounds.
The prisoners with the Pink
Triangles rarely lived for long -
approximately 60 percent of
homosexuals imprisoned under
the Nazis died. They were subject
to some of the harshest
conditions in the camps and even
pseudo-medical experiments
designed to 'cure' homosexuality
were performed on some of
them.
Yet the liberation ofthe camps
by advancing allied forces did
not end the persecution and
imprisonment for the
homosexuals. They were still
branded as criminals and were
forced to finish their prison
sentences    that    had    been
'interrupted' by their time in the
camps.
No homosexuals were granted
compensation from the West
German government, as were
other groups. Often they did not
even have sympathetic families
to return to.
Once released, Pink Triangle
survivors had to re-enter a hostile
world. Many concocted stories,
such as being arrested and
interned as political anti-nazi
resistors.
The Pink Triangle was buried
and forgotten; a haunting
reminder.
In the late 1960s, however, the
movement for gay liberation
suddenly emerged.
It began with a riot that started
when police raided the
Stonewall, a New York gay bar.
The riots lasted days and soon a
wave of gay awareness swept the
western world. Gays came
forward to be counted.
Most prominent among the
symbols selected to represent
them was the Pink Triangle. They
chose to reclaim it, taking its
haunting image and creating a
powerful symbol of pride and
self-worth.
10
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13,1996 ^"^ -A L G B Q ^-^ ^
Bi-er's guide to orientation
»      ■ ■
STILL IN THE CLOSET—demonstrator at the 1995 Gay Pride Parade.
CHRIS NUTTALL-SMITH PHOTO
myth #1-Everyone is bisexual
This type of statement tends to
be made by liberal heterosexuals
willing to have a gay experience,
although it is also sometimes
made by lesbians with heterosexual fantasies.
For many people, sexuality is
black and white; others see it as a
matter of what is more
comfortable rather than an issue
of repulsion versus ecstasy. Gay
women fantasizing about boy/girl
sex may have more to do with an
eroticization of power (or
penetration) than gender per se.
Too often, people find it easier
to use the word bisexuality than
to say "I really like boys but
sometimes I wonder what it's like
to go down on a woman."
myth #2-Bisexuals always
have some preference
Some bisexuals do, but many
are equally attracted to both
sexes. The pattern of
relationships bisexuals have is not
necessarily connected to which
sex they prefer most.
myth #3-Bisexuals cannot be
monogamous
Most people discover that
while non-monogamy can be fun
sexually, it is tough emotionally.
This is often an irreconcilable
issue for any type of couple.
Bisexuals are as capable as fags,
dykes and heterosexuals of
making a long-term monogamous commitment.
myth #4—Bisexuals can always
get married and escape
homophobia
Why is it considered 'cute' for
a dyke or a fag to marry to hide
their orientation from their
parents, but disgusting for a
bisexual or gay woman to be
married to a straight man? Like
gays, bisexuals can have
marriages of convenience, but it
shouldn't have to be seen as an
option only for them.
myth #5-Bisexual women will
dump you for a man
Many people have met young
women who get a girlfriend,
dump her for men (in the plural)
and are never heard from again.
The word for such women is
straight, not bisexual.
Too often, lesbians treat
women who are 'virgins' or 'baby
dykes' with a fraternity boy
welcome: "Prove yourself, honey,
or you can't hang out with us."
Vancouver resources and support groups
AIDS Vancouver helpline
• A confidential and anonymous
information service for anyone with
questions on HIV or AIDS.
English helpline access: 687-AIDS
Monday, Thursday, Friday 10am-5pm
and Tuesday and Wednesday 10am-9pm.
Cantonese and Mandarin: 687-2727
Spanish: 687-3433 6pm-9pm.
Bi-face
• A bisexual support and discussion
group for men and women. Meetings on
the first and third Tuesday of each month
from 7:30-10:30pm. Not a place for
sexual contact. Affiliations: Options—a
social and friendship group, Bi-Cycle—
afitness and activities group: 875-6336.
Community Action for Lesbian
Mothers
• At Eastside family place Fridays 7pm
at 1166 Napier Street. Picnics and BBQ
during summer time. Call Cheryl 294-
1194 or at GLC 684-5307.
Disabled Gay Men's Assoc, of BC
• A new group looking for ideas and fun
activities. Call Nick or Dan between 9am
and 5pm at 986-9647.
East Side Youth Drop-In
• A group for lesbian, gay and bisexual
youth aged 15-24. Socializing, videos,
discussions. Thursday 7:30-9:30pm.
Seniors' centre at Britannia Community
Centre. 1561 Napier Street (off
Commercial Drive).
GAB (Lesbian Gay Bi Youth GLC)
• Has regular discussions focusing on
being gay positive. Support, reference
to other resources and information
groups provided. Meetings twice weekly.
Wednesdays 3:30-6pm for youths under
19, Fridays 7:30-10pm for 25 and under.
1177 Bute Street.
Info hotline: 1-800-566-1170.
GAVA
• Gay Asians of Vancouver Area is a nonprofit organization founded to provide a
safe place for mutual support, sharing
and growth for gay men of Asian
descent. Info hotline 683-3825.
GLC Helpline
• Peer counselling, referral and
information for the bisexual, transgender,
gay and lesbian community of Greater
Vancouver. Call 684-6869 7-10pm
everyday. Crisis Hotline 872-3311.
Gay and Lesbian AA (Alcohol
Anonymous)
• Daily meetings at 12pm at GLC. Call
434-3933 for more meetings.
Gay Speak
• A gay and bi men's discussion group.
"Self-facilitator." A safe and comfortable
place for discussions. Discussion
groups posted Thursday in Room G at
GLC7:30-9:45pm.
Gays, lesbians and Bisexuals of
UBC (GLBUBC)
• Holds a lunch social on Mondays at
12:30pm in SUB 125N. General meetings
on Wednesday at 12:30pm Sub 211. Also
Monday evening meetings at the UBC
Graduate Penthouse from 5:30-8pm. Call
822-4638.
Inside Out
• For transgender, lesbian, gay and
bisexual youth aged 14-27. Every
Tuesday from 6-8pm. Discussions,
videos, games. First Nations talking
circle. Learning centre, classroom #2 at
The Gathering Place—609 Helmeken.
Call Trish at 874-2071.
Tri-city HIV/AIDS
• Designed for Port Moody, Coquitlam
and Port Coquitlam. HIV+ people meet
in Coquitlam to discuss personal and
health issues in a safe and friendly place.
Call Jackie at 681-2122, local 259.
VLC
• The Vancouver Lesbian Connection.
Drop in at 876 Commercial Drive
Thursday and Friday 11am-6pm and
Saturday 12-5pm. Social and support
groups, lending library, peer support, job
and housing board services, community
events. 254-8458.
Youthquest
• A federally registered charitable
organization offering a 24 hour
computer board service (944-3019),
educational outreach group services,
and information for other organizations
and youths 21 and under. Abbotsford,
Port Coquitlam, New Westminster.
944-6293.
To expect monogamy and
undying devotion from a sexually
confused 20-year-old seems a bit
much. There should be a lot more
tolerance in the dyke community,
not simply for bisexual women,
but for exploration, casual sex
and celibacy.
There is a double standard in
the gay community where if a
man or woman leaves a
heterosexual relationship to come
out, it is considered amusing
while the inverse is considered
high treason. Being left for
someone else is awful, period.
On the other hand, many
bisexual women do opt for
long-term relationships with
guys. This reflects how lesbians
often refuse to have
relationships with bi women.
Most gay women who advertise
in the personal columns specify
"no drugs, no bi's" even if they
have never been involved with
or known a bisexual woman.
myth #6-Bi today, gone
tomorrow
Bisexuality is an orientation,
not a grey area, but it is also a
term many people use for the first
year or so when they are coming
out. The only way to clear the
ambiguity—and not force people
to accept a label they are not
ready for-is to create an
atmosphere of openness in which
it is acceptable to say "I don't
know what I am."
For all budding bisexuals, take
heart-your friends will eventually
grow up and stop giving you
flack. In the meantime, enjoy all
the possibilities and an
orientation that will keep you
shrouded in mystery.
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Tuesday, February 13,1996
The Ubyssey
11 • International Cuisine & Local Favourites
• Full-Service Copy Centre
• Photo Processing
• Video Rentals
• Medical Care
• Groceries
c^tand^tizemnfy
• Old Dutch 200g Twin Pack 990
• Coca-Cola 2/ $1.69 + deposit
• Chocolate 2 for 99|£
UBC lucky Market
Grocery • Vegetabie • Ffower
OPEN 9:00 AM -11:00 PM DAILY
#106 University Plaza
5728 University Blvd.
224-5131
?'TRAVELCUTS
EyW    The Student, Youth & Budget Travel Experts
2nd UBC Location now open
in Suite 203 (above McDonalds)
Hours: Mon to Fri 9:30 - 5:00
Visit us for all your travel needs including:
Flights, Package Holidays, Bus and Train Passes,
Adventure Tours, Language Courses, Working
Holidays, Hostel Memberships and More!
Drop by our office on Feb 15th and
enter to win a $50 travel gift certificate.
Plus, the first 60 people will receive a
FREE Berkeley Guide to Europe!
FORTUN6
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University Plaza Medical Clinic
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222-CARE
(222-2 273)
■ Hours: Mon-Fri 7:30AM - 8:30PM, Sat AM
■ Drop in or by appointment
• Serving West Point Grey families' medical needs
■ Medical care for UBC students, Faculty and Staff
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Bring in this coupon to
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12
The Ubyssey
Tuesday, February 13, 1996

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