UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 25, 1994

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 ■rri-.r> ^«.-':-lvOS ti2ii-^
f        'Hhe vilest rag west ofBlanca"
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Ubyssey for the remainder
of this term.
DEADLINE: as soon as
Artist suspended for outing official
by Niva Chow
A grad student from the
University of Saskatchewan was
suspended from attending classes
and had his artwork removed from
the university gallery for "outing"
a high profile government official.
On 22 November Christopher
Leffler had a binder taken away
from his art exhibit because of
university concerns that the
contents were libelous.
The binder contained a letter
from Leffler to the lieutenant-
governor of Saskatchewan, Sylvia
Fedoruk. The letter questioned
the ethics of Fedoruk's lack of
action on human rights relating
to homosexuals, when she herself
was a lesbian. The official
responded with a letter that
defended her record but neither
refuted nor denied her identity as
a lesbian.
The binder, which displayed
the university seal, was removed
by the deans of arts and graduate
Leffler later replaced the
binder with copies of the letters
only to have the copies removed
by academic vice-president
Patrick Brown. After the second
removal, the curator locked the
door so the exhibit would not be
However,  the  university
administration entered Snelgrove
Gallery after hours and removed
the entire display. It was later
replaced with another artist's
"The movement from being
absent to being erased reflects
the gay identity," said Leffler.
In protest of the university's
actions, Leffler then produced a
poster that depicted images ofthe
politician with the words
"Contested Sites of Existence" and
Leffler's own picture with
"Contested Sites of Resistance."
Under each heading appeared the
names of those people in the past
who had chosen to hide their
sexuality or who had been
censored because of it.
"The university said that the
work was slanderous but he
[Leffler] wants to show the
dichotomy between homosexuality and heterosexuality,"
said Jeff Gabert of The Sheaf,
UofS's student newspaper.
Leffler originally approached
the official because of a speaking
engagement where the politician
was to speak at "A Day Without
Art" for AIDS awareness. Leffler
felt that it was inappropriate and
alleged the politician "had eight
years to speak to others including
[when she held a seat in] the
legislative assembly."
In reaction to the confiscation
of his exhibit, Leffler filed a police
report charging the acting head of
arts with theft. The items were
later returned.
Leffler has been suspended
indefinitely since 26 November
pending a hearing of the student
administration board of discipline.
It has been nearly two months
since the suspension and the
hearing date has yet to be set.
"The university has been too
ridiculously draconian in its
censorship... I'm on welfare now, I
can't do anything," Leffler said.
Leffler said that he feels the
censorship is a matter of "how the
heterosexual university
environment acts  to  repress
homosexual voices."
He further said the UofS is
worried of "the embarassment
and humiliation because of
funding for the future. They're
worried about economics."
see editorial, page 6
AMS spies on employees
by Niva Chow
The AMS said that it is
"generally accepted practice" for
it to hire private investigators to
monitor its employees.
The AMS food and beverage
department hired two detectives
in November to check up the work
ethic of employees in Pie R
Squared, the AMS pizza joint. The
two sat with tape recorders and
made notes.
Some employees call the
action a betrayal of trust between
the administration and the
"Because complaints were
raised we were duty bound to
action. We followed standard
operating practise to bring in
someone unknown to staff to
observe and that was what we
did," AMS  general  manager
Charles Redden said.
But several employees were
"I believe in a workplace with
good morale and atmosphere," one
staff member said.
"We knew they were watching
but we didn't know what. It was
like a soul rape," another staffer
"The reason isn't that we don't
trust our staff, the reason is that
it is an external control practice.
If in inventory count we find a
huge loss, then we would be
required to take action," Redden
"I can't stand the bureaucracy
of upstairs. The store is a
goldmine, such a goldmine that
they have to be involved. I just
want them to keep their noses out
of our businesses," a staffer said.
"Students own the business,
the admininistration acts as the
trustees. Our responsibility is first
to members [UBC students],"
Redden said.
"In this case it was the
students' business. If there were
no complaints, we never would
have needed to do this. What if
administration had failed to act
on those complaints? What
confidence would student
members have really in businesses
that they own?," Redden asked.
But staffers say any
complaints were exaggerated.
"All the work gets done by
7:30-8:00. All that is left to do is
clean up. It's not like production
wasn't being done," another staffer
said. "Why fix something that isn't
broke? They're only going to
break it."
Zapatistas killed in Chiapas, cheered in Vancouver
by Taivo Evard
Protestors crowded the steps
of the Mexican consulate Friday
21 January to express "solidarity
with the Zapatistas" against the
Mexican government and the
enactment of NAFTA.
"Our focus is against the
Mexican government, against
government repression in
Chiapas," said Gord Hill, one of
the demonstration's organizers.
"We are for land ;i^?!=^^=
and liberty for
Mexicans, and
anti the north
american free
agreement." —■———
Two Canadian
representatives from the group of
protesters were invited into the
consulate to speak with the
general consul of Mexico, Roberto
Gamboa Mascarenas.
One woman who spoke to
Mascarenas said the Mexican
consul had agreed that over 400
people had been killed since the
1 January insurrection.
However, in a telephone
interview Mascarenas said, "I did
not agree on the number because
I don't have it... we're talking of a
much smaller number, about 100
He insisted that he did not
have a breakdown of the dead,
that "the body count includes
officers, soldiers, insurrects, and
civilian people."
However, Roger Maldonado,
spokesperson for the coordinating
committee of human rights and
humanitarian organizations in the
Chiapas region, stated that over
300 death certificates have been
issued in Ocosingo, the conflict's
centre, since the uprising began.
According to Mascarenas,
"123 leaders of small Indian
"our focus is against the Mexican government,
against government repression in Chiapas"
met last Thursday
Mexican president
night with
"They reached the conclusion
that the native people wanted
more [rights and privileges]," he
Mascarenas said the
International Red Cross were
present in negotiations, and "the
commission on human rights has
been unearthing human corpses.
They have not found, up to this
moment, any executions. The
corpses did not have other wounds
than the ones normally part of
"At present, the army has gone
out ofthe towns, the army is back
in their respective fields  and
barracks," he said.
Associate director for the
interchurch committee on human
rights in Latin America, Suzanne
Rumsey, is part of a recently
returned five-member delegation
asked to observe the human rights
situation in the state of Chiapas.
She said that Ocosingo "was a war
zone, heavily militarily occupied."
The delegation received
testimony of disappearances,
—■^-^^^— assassination,
intimidation, and
treatment. The
delegation's report
included the story
—ii™-— of father of five who
stopped to speak to a second man
outside a tortilla shop, and was
shot by a soldier. The man's wife,
seven months pregnant, said he
was shot at least twice, once in the
neck, once in the leg. The soldiers
then ordered the family at
gunpoint to quickly remove the
body from the street and carry it
to their home.
In disputing the number of
dead, Mascarenas said "it is very
possible that the insurrects might
have carried the bodies with
How to spot cops at demos—
see page three
More NAFTA revolt-
see centrespread
Keeping a sharp eye on those Canadian insurrects.      taivo evard photo LSAT - GMAT
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Media myths lead to body problems
What do we see when we
look in the mirror?
For some ofus we see naked
truth and accurate depictions of
ourselves. For others truth becomes distorted in the looking
glass, and that is where eating
disorders make their first appearance. For its victims it is
like being in a funhouse; their
reflections appear misshaped
and it's hard to find the way out.
control issue," according to
Caroline of ANAD (Anorexia
Nervosa and Related Eating
Disorders). The group is a volunteer-run non-profit organization which providesinformation
lines and support groupsforvic-
tims of eating disorders as well
as their friends and family.
Two eating disorders that
strike many women and some
men are anorexia and bulimia.
Anorexics tend to eat little or
nothing. Bulimics constantly
binge and purge, always in private.
Warning signs of eating disorders include excessive exercise, guilt and shame about eating, and responding to emotion
by eating or not eating.
ANAD recommends that
people with eating disorders
enroll in the in-patient program
at St Paul's Hospital
"Its a good program run by
excellent staff. The only limitation is that there are not enough
beds," said ANAD's Karen
Grant The waiting list for the
program is two to five years. For
victims under 18 the group rec
ommends a program run by
Children's hospital.
The real limitation in dealing with eating disorders is our
lack of understanding about
them. According toRaine McKay
ofthe women's health collective,
modern medicine has not yet
been able to find a general cure
for eating disorders, and many
cultures do not acknowledge it
as a problem.
The disease is symbolic of
"how society views women and
mass media uses that," McKay
said. She pointed to the modelling industry as the source of
mainstream assumptions of
beauty. The media presents a
very small proportion of women
as the norm, creating an impossible goal that the women aspire
to meet.
It is not the actual thinness
that is so tantalizing, but rather
control over one's body. Sandy
Friedman's essay "Developing a
feminist model for understanding and working with eating disorders" sums up the theory of
those at the women's health collective.
Friedman claims that our
patriarchal society has not only
caused this disorder among
women buthas also failed tofind
an appropriate cure due to our
doctors' and psychologists' ignorance caused by gender difference. However, this does not
explain or account for the estimated one in seven eating disorder cases being male.
The issue is not food, but
inner contentment and the recognition that people have differ
ent bodies" said Margaret
the campus student outreach
centre. Johnston's concerns lie
in healthy eating habits in general.
This Thursday and Friday
called "love your body: every-
thingyou wanted to know about
mind, body and soul." Though
the centre offers a four week
course on healthy eating, there
is also another campus program
for people with eating disorders
at the student health clinic.
ANAD, women's health
centre and student outreach all
stress the severity of eating disorders and that the conditions
are not just diseases but symptoms of other problems. Useful
information, pamphlets and
support can be found at any of
these organizations if you or
someone you know needs
of help.
*'" M
You're really what you eat
Eating disorders hurt us all
O   Anorexia and bulimia affect at least five percent of young
Canadian women. Another ten to 20 percent have many ofthe
symptoms of these problems.
O  Approximately 95 percent of those who develop eating
disorders are women.
O   Between 95 and 98 percent of all females have dieted.
O   Many researchers now believe weight, like height, is
O   In 1930, the winningMiss America weighed 120 lbs., while
the average woman's weight was 135 lbs., a difference of eight
percent. In 1993, Miss America weighed 115 lbs., while the
average weight was 145 lbs., a difference of 23 percent.
by Ellen Costamo
Ifyouare confused about what
constitutes good nutrition, you are
not alone. While we have many
sources of information on healthy
eating habits, television is probably not the best one.
in The Canadian Journal of Pub- #
lie Health, it was found that on*
television the most commonly advertised food" is beer. The food
category "fruits and vegetables", a
grouping used in the CanadaFood
Guide, accounted for zero to fifteen percentofall food advertising.
half the ads in this category were
for french fries. There were no
fresh vegetables advertised, and
apples were the only fresh fruit
that made it to our TV screens.
Students may not be able to
look to TV for good nutrition information, but they can find it
through Margaret Johnston of
TJBCs student health outreach
Johnston says many of the
students she sees "need to learn to
make wise food choices". That's
why Johnston and a number of
human nutrition students run the
healthy eating clinic. Johnston
emphasizes that the classes don't
focus on eating disorders, but are
designed to show students "how to
eat for good health". Meal preparation is centered around nutrition, cost-effectiveness, and convenience—allimportantfactorsfor
students, who may "be too busy to
eat properly".
The healthy eating clinic also
offers guided tours of Safeway,
providing information about how
to read food labels effectively and
what choices students should be
making at the grocery store.
Finding undercover cops l/v/.^^ C0JA/|0£
by Taivo Evard
If s not often that police speed
traps do not move or pull anyone
over. Unless they're on a busy
street, and two ofthe four lanes are
filled with parked cars, and there's
a demonstration going on in front
ofthe Mexican embassy.
Picking out undercover copsis
easy—just look for someone who's
ten to fifteen years behind in the
styles, but their clothes look brand
Let's begin.
There's one cop at a glass door
to the left of the consulate, legs
spread, arms behind back, standing, ogling. Moustache, tacky
Two cops across the street to
the west Dressedlike off-duty cops,
they sit and talk while at least one
of them always looks towards the
Four cops are inside the
building's door. Uniformed. The
"maintenance men" inside act extraordinarily helpful to people
when they enter. Two more bicycle
cops are in back of the building, for
people whorun. And three cops are
to the left, on the outside, uniformed, and hidingbehindapillar.
A cop in a car just told someone he couldn't park in front ofthe
embassy. He does not move. They
need to leave room for the paddy-
wagon idling a block to the west,
waiting. To the east, three more
marked cars straddle the
Attentive, snappy cops.
rate in Vancouver is going down
but cops ask for bigger budget. So
they can waste money on this. Cops
are never this mobile.
Just spotted two more cops.
Big tacky one andaredmoustached
thinner loser [Laurel and Hardy
cast-aways]. The cop's jeans look
liketheyVebrandnew. The bottoms
are rolled up into a big four inch
cuff. Must not have done much undercover work yet. They leave soon
after they are discovered.
Another pair of men filter
through the thinning crowd of 30 or
40. About fifteen years behind in
the styles, but their clothes look
almost new. Washed and pressed.
After pointing at a hotel window across the road, a man in the
sliding balcony door quickly jumps
to the side. Police now like to film all
protests, and can quickly recognize
new additions to the crowd. Names
referred to as a police state. Here
ifs just more subtle.
Years on
the Shi
UBC Booksto
ry 2nd,
;*MKltets also
^eCture w/fA
BC Tel,
|c Policy
of British
ersity, British
nology and
f "-1 ~ — — —— 1
w l\nd& fcHeie c
by Graham Cook
The crushing of the Zapatista revolt in Chiapas, Mexico, is
bringing renewed attention to the threatened effects of the North
American free trade agreement (NAFTA). And if you believe the
arguments of John Calvert and Larry Kuehn, an all-out revolt
against NAFTA might not be such a bad idea.
The authors focus on NAFTA's effect on education, but the
implications are devastating for other social programs—and the
democratic process itself.
The book starts with an approach seldom seen in the debate
over NAFTA—or what passed for public debate before Jean
Chretien rubber-stamped the agreement The authors actually look
at the agreement itself, rather than arguing the generalities of
"comparative advantage" and "opening up new markets."
Pandora's Box: Corporate Power,
Free Trade and Canadian Education
by John Calvert with Larry Kuehn
Our Schools/Our Selves
Calvert and Kuehn see the agreement as a political one, with
almost nothing "free-" or "trade-" oriented about it NAFTA is not
a mere extension of the existing Free Trade Agreement to Mexico.
It is a "new economic constitution" for the Americas—and one
where the "charter of rights" protects transnational corporations.
The agreement assumes that private companies are always
better at providing services than public companies, regardless of
me democratic choices a country's population may make.
Part of the trouble is the broad scope of NAFTA. Unlike the
original FTA, "services" are now covered, including companies
ranging from riaircutting chain stores to colleges.
The heart of NAFTA is found in Article 1202, which states
that "service providers" must receive "treatment no less favourable
than the most favourable treatment accorded" to firms of that
country. In other words, as Calvert says, "governments are
prevented from exercising policies which would favour Canadian
service firms."
For example this clears the way for US-based firms to mass-
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12:30 p.m., Thursday, January 27
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, Theatre #2
Lecture is open to all without charge.
The earth's population of 5.6 billion today is projected to rise to 8.5 billion in
2025. By 2050, there will be 10 billion people on the planet, putting unprecedented strain upon governments, international agencies, cities, and the environment.
The Population Council, an international non-profit organization established
in 1952, applies science and technology to the solution of population problems
in developing countries, encompassing social, health, and biomedical sciences.
The Council's work focuses on population policy, family planning and fertility,
reproductive health and child survival, women's roles and status, expanding
contraceptive choices, and strengthening professional resources. Its Center for
Biomedical Research, which developed the NORPLANT® contraceptive hormonal implant and copper-bearing T-shaped IUDs, continues to research new
contraceptive techniques, including second-generation implants for men and
women and a male antifertility vaccine.
Ms. Catley-Carlson, a UBC graduate and native of Nelson, is the first non-
American to head the Council. She was President of the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA) from 1983 to 1989.
Presented by
UBC International Forum
1993-94 Lecture Series: Human Population Dynamics
market teaching packages to Canadian history teachers.
Also food services to schools will be opened to
transnationals like Burger King and McDonald's—
Pepsi has already signed an agreement with the Toronto
Board of Education to be the sole provider of soft
drinks in their schools.
Another article in chapter IS prevents new state
enterprises from being set up without compensation to
private companies for loss. It would also require state
enterprises to follow "commercial principles" in their
hi practice, this means we can say goodbye to the
possibility a national public daycare program, NAFTA
would require the Canadian government to pay private
US childcare firms compensation for the resulting loss
of "market opportunities" they would incur—a cost
prohibitive enough to torpedo the plan.
Government procurement choices would also be
severely restricted under NAFTA For example. BC
Hydro would not be allowed to limit contracts for any
new megaprojects to BC companies.
Calvert and Kuehn point to a "ratchet effect," wherein
privatized services would be exceedingly difficult to return to the
public sector, for example, if a provincial or federal government
wanted to take back control of a particular training program for
an essential industry.
While some may argue all this is just bringing Canada in
line with "global realities", the possible impact on the democratic
process is frightening. The agreement will virtually prevent any
further government-based intervention in the economy, whether
to promote environmental, social, or other goals.
The book's most stinging criticisms are reserved for
NAFTA's effect on education. US-based private colleges will no
longer be regulated, but must be treated the same as a Canadian-
based company. And the door is left open for future privatization
of public educational programs, with the assumption that the
private market can always provide better services.
For universities, NAFTA enshrines so-called "intellectual
property rights." The implication for free inquiry at universities is
devastating: companies which partially fund research centres will
increasingly be given exclusive rights to patents that are
developed there.
Private corporations are already actively shaping the
research done at semi-public institutions like Forintek, and
keeping the patent rights of any products developed. NAFTA
wiU ensure this trend continues, with the costs of research
remaining mostly public and the benefits becoming increasingly
Calvert and Kuehn say NAFTA will lead to "a massive
privatization and commercialization of our public institutions."
And when one thinks of the "democratic" process of approval of
the deal a call to arms seems increasingly in order...
Picture mis: Ani DiFranco, clad in a black tank top and army pants, her mostly-shaved head (except for one decidedly boisterous sheet of hair) bent slightly over her guitar, is announcing her next song near the end of her last set The
crowd in front of the stage is going wild, and someone yells out, "Can we come dance with you?" With
a grin and a laugh, Ani waves the crowd up on stage until the stage is literally packed,
with just enough room left for Ani and drummer Andy to do their thing. The drums
pound, the bodies move, and Ani in the middle of it all yells out "ENERGY!!!"
Energy is definitely something this folksinger from New York City has
plenty of. Despite having just finished a new album, Out of Range ("I don't
know what the fuck that means," she explained, "but it must mean something
because it's the title of the album"), and currently being immersed in a
gruelling tour, Ani delivered a lively and vibrant performance at the Vogue
on Sunday night.
Ani DiFranco
Vogue Theatre
23 January
with A rim
m m m ^ u m _ m »■■■     ii\
by Tessa Moon
Nelson Mandela, bloody, riotous history personified, is a
revolution on two legs.
Nelson Mandela Speaks is a collection of world-changing
words—the story of the war on apartheid, told through his public,
Although something of her power and intensity cannot help but come
through on her albums, seeing Ani DiFranco live adds a whole new
dimension to her music. Her slow numbers shivered with an electricity that
was at once sensual and magical, and her fast songs had everybody moving.
And of course Ani's poetic lyrics spun Out her open-minded philosophy
between the chords: "Some days the line I walk is straight / Some days it
tends to deviate / I've got no criteria for sex or race..."
Ani, a hero for the queer community, is frank about her sexuality in
her songs. Her message is simple: be yourself and don't shy away from
self-expression. The queer-positive crowd cheered loudly when Ani sang
such lines as "Waking up in her bed..." and "I am thinking of her fingers
asl walk..." Ani sang TAe Whole Night, a song about the sexual tension
between two women, with a new twist—a verse "for the boys" which was
greeted with great enthusiasm from the crowd.
Ani treated the foot-stomping, highly excitable, sold-out crowd to many
other favourites including 4th of July, Pick YerNose, Willing to Fight, and God's
Country, to name but a few. My IQ was set to Andy's bongo drum beat, which,
igether with Ani's dancing and powerful lyrics, made for a memorable combination.
As well, Ani played many songs from her upcoming new album, which promises
_ be fantastic both lyrically and musically, judging by the new songs. The new set was
3 good mix of fast numbers, requiring deft guitar work, and delicious slower songs, one
Nelson Mandela Speaks:
Forging a Democratic, Nonracial
South Africa
Edited by Steve Clark
Pathfinder Press
 of which was especially beautiful: "We can't fight gravity on a planet that insists/ That
:=- love is like falling/And falling is like this..." The Diner, set to a catchy rhythm, Ani says
It's all here—every speech and address made by Mandela from
the day of his release from his 27-year detention in apartheid's
prisons to his 1993 tour of the United States. Mandela in every
political milieu, Mandela screaming death to racism, Mandela
philosophical and Mandela inspirational. A spectacular speaker, his
own powerful inflections radiate from the print
There is no dogmatism here, no subliminal mob psychoigy at
work. Each and every speech is articulate and substantiated to a fault
Mandela walks the fine line between pedantry and propaganda with
stark idealism as a balancing pole, and shows no sign of going off the
dead centre anytime soon.
Not to say that the emotive factor is missing—far from it There
is an undercurrent of urgent appeal behind every carefully modulated
sentence, and the reader absorbs it by osmosis. Mandela's inexorable
belief in human eqality comes off the pages.
Some people are NOT more equal than others.
she based on the actual sounds of a diner ("people clinking coffee cups and sucking on
straws—ahhh..."), is another poignant song that speaks in honest and simple terms about
the lonely aftermath of a broken relationship.
Throughout the evening, Ani had a very good rapport with the crowd. After the first song
she peered into the audience with a concerned look on her face, and said, "You guys all look so
worried. You're making me worried." Then, laughing, she said, "OK, I'll just go into my
folk-singing trance here..." and began to slowly sway her head back and forth. Soon
everyone was laughing with her, and Ani's icebreaker invoked the anything-goes atmosphere
that remained for the rest Of the evening.
Perhaps the funniest of all the anecdotes Ani told was the one about a woman in San
Francisco who was up on stage dancing withhen "It was fun at first but then we crossed that
line somehow... she started dancing close behind me and then she bit my butt!! These butt-
biters—you never know when they're gonna get ya!" A more positive experience she recounted
was how she actually won over six cowboys in a bar in Texas recently, during a tour "we didn't
know if we'd get through alive."
Ani finished up with Anticipate, Not So Soft (during which both Ani and Andy played hand
drums), a haunting Bruce Cockbum song, and Blood in the Boardroom, spread out over three
encores. Thanking us profusely for making her and Andy feel so welcome, Ani promised to
return to Vancouver this summer for the Folk Music Festival. So for all those who didn't catch
her this time around, keep the Jury date in mind, for it will no doubt be well worth your while to
"keep your eye on that one and anticipate..."
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JANUARY   2 7,   2 8,29   &   30
What would you do if you had twenty minutes to say whatever you wanted
to say, however you wanted to. say it, to a packed room—a captive audience?
Students in the creative writing department answered that question in a
variety of ways during the program, Brave New Play Rites.
The starkness of the Dorothy Somerset Studio resembled a Fringe Fest stage,
while quick action of the ten little plays worked more like sound bites from a
television screen. The obvious difference was that most of these plays were
actually funny and some even stimulated thought
Brave New Playwrights
Program 1
produced by the UBC
Creative Writing Dept.
21 January
The time constraints meant that short, shce-of-life pieces were more
conducive to the format Quick development was the key to success.
Of the first part of the show, Another Day in Cartoon was the most interesting. Li this, playwrite Steven L. Howcroft explores the minds of "transit zombies," characterizing a bus seat as an "interpersonal electric chair." Anyone who
has ever taken a bus can understand. The banter is glib and quick, this exploration
asking one basic question: Why don't people talk to each other?
The second part of the show took an existential turn, Adam Schroeder's
"Dislodged" being the highlight of the evening. In early Beckett fashion, he frees
the stage, throwing out all rules, and letting his imagination take over. He's
warped and it works. Two surreal characters playing "I Spy" with the ashes of a
cremated aunt? Can I have a bite of the cookie you were eating when you dreamt
that one up? Actors John Taylor and especially Amelie Lefebvre thrived on the
barren stage.
The audience's favorite was probably Farah Jehangir Tejani's "Safeway
Samosas." This intriguing story portrays an East Jndim gM growing up within
the dominant white culture. The performance was emotional and didactic,
although it was slightly encumbered by its large size. Less might have been
more. The sitar and drums were good reinforcement with the play's theme.
Other plays that beg mention are "Hot Chocolate Saturday" by Amber J.
Lin, and 'The Workout" by Carolyn Jarvis. "Chocolate" is a slice of life comedy
that introduces us to three charicatures of female students who are staying home
on a Saturday night We go to school with these girls (if we are not them
ourselves) and laugh at their problems like they are our own. 'The Workout" is
about an embarassing visit to the doctor, that just gets more embarrassing—and
funny—as the play progresses.
Ten plays are a tot to see m one night and can leave one reeling at the end of
it all. The overall quality of writing was surprisingly good. This being only half
the plays in the festival is a testament to the amount of creative talent that is
present in the university.
Alma Mater Society
in now accepting
Proposals for the
Proposals must:
1) Be as specific as possible
2) Include the following iriformation:
• name of group requesting funds
• number of people working on project
• name of a contact person
(include telephone #)
• who will benefit from the project
• description of the project in detail
• a summcaizing paragraph
• the amount of money requested
• sources of other funds if applicable
There is an upper limit of $3,000 for each proposal.
Each group may be contacted to give a short
presentation of their idea to the members of Grad
Class Council.
The deadline for proposals is 4:00 p.m. Tuesday
February 15,1994 and is final. No proposal will be
accepted after this date.
Proposals will be received at SUB Room 238.
Please contact Dean Olundat 822-3818 or 736-6011 or
Kristen Pederson at 822-3818 or 228-4926
the ubyssey
page 4
tuesday 25 January 1994 tuesday 25 January 1994
page 5
the ubyssey 6   THE UBYSSEY
Outing is an issue which has been very divisive in the
queer and straight communities alike. In this issue, an
article is being published which outs Sylvia Fedoruk, the
lieutenant-governor of Saskatchewan. A University of
Saskatchewan grad student, Christopher Leffer created
an exhibit installation in which he presented a letter he
wrote questioning Fedoruk's political action regarding
queer rights stating within the letter that Fedoruk was
a lesbian.
Fedoruk was suspended, his display was confiscated
by the university administration, and the subsequent
all discussion. The issue has been transformed into an
issue of privacy thereby avoiding discussion ofthe political implication of being a "closeted" queer person in a
public position of power—a position in a power structure
which actively denies queer people the capacity to claim
the same rights as straight people because of queer
people's "queerness". Unlike Fedurok, the general queer
population does not have access to the same veilsofpower
to hide behind in order to enjoy the privileges of full
acceptance andritizensHpmthe greater soriety^Fedurok
has the security of a title to protect her from the harsh
reality of living an openly queer life.
The politics of choice become a prime issue when
there is more at stake then one person's life. When a
person takes on a public role they are supposed to reflect
the public's perception of who is capable of holding a
position of public trust. By not admitting to her queerness,
Fedurok states that openly queer people are not trustworthy and not capable of holding a position of power. By
keeping her queerness in the bedroom, Fedurok locates
a queer identity as an issue of who you fuck and not as a
way of living. Fedurok says to queer people that in order
to become visible in the public spheres of operation, a
person must compromise their deviant characteristics in
order to be accepted in that public space.
Fedurok's move to accept and conform to standards
of appropriate identity serves to invalidate the reality
that there are people living lives that do not conform.
These lives in their non-conformity are discriminated
against at all levels their experience. Rather than take
action against an ideological system which functions to
serve those people who accept the standards of that belief
system, she works for it, she serves it and upholds it. It
is not an issue of choice when a person is asked to
compromise their desires and happiness in order to fit a
model of proper identity when they are unable to do so.
For some people heterosexuality is normal, for others
bisexuality is normal but to invest more value in one
identity over another is to invalidate and discriminate
against real lived experiences and no person or institution has the right to take away a person's ability to name
and be proud of their lived experiences.
The deep contradictionofFedurok'sposition and the
damage she does to queer rights movements with her
silence must be exposed. The standards of acceptance
into society cannot be that a person must compromise
themselves to the standards ofthe culture but rather, the
culture must compromise to the standards ofthe people
who live within it. Social and public spaces must be open
to difference, not open only to people who know how to
jump through the hoops in order for them to gain the
rewards. The concept of there being an identifiable,
homogeneous general public is a construction designed
to serve the needs ofthe dominant ideologies of heterosexual relations. In reality, straight white people are not
the only people in the public, queer people are part of that
public also and have as much a right to have access to the
resources open to the public as any other person.
THE UBYSSEY 25 January 1994
The Ubyssey is a founding member of Canadian University Press
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the Alma Mater
Society ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions are
those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university
administration, or of the publisher. The editorial office is Room
241Kof the Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone
822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; FAX 822-9279
There was something vaguely unsettling in Liz Van Assum's
face as she chalked a flower onto the blackboard. "Regression,"
muttered Freudian Steve Scali, and was silenced by Christine
Price, who began raving about her two-legged dog from the toxic
waste dump. "On the center spread!" cried Steve Chow, "Everything
on the center spread!" "But it's not toxic waste," protested Doug
Ferris. "But it IS news," insisted Graham Cook to Sara Martin, who
immediately ducked behind Ted Young-Ing and screame'd
accusations of culture takeover. As Ellen played defence attorney
in the impromptu trial that ensued, Tanya Storr lay stretched on
the couch, staring up at the looming figure of Taivo Evard. Niva
Chow stood behind him, baring her halloween fangs atTessaMoon.
Gregg McNally suggested planting Sandra Iseman in Pie-r-squared,
and was met with the horrified resistance of conscientious Pat
McGuire. Her voice lost in the pandemonium, Siobhan Roantree
faded silently into the darkroom to weep into her apron.
Coordinating Editor: Douglas Ferris
News Coordinator: Graham Cook
News Editors: Sara Martin, Taivo Evard
Culture Coordinator: Steve Chow
Culture Editor: Ted Young-Ing
Photography Coordinator: Siobhan Roantree
Production Manager: Lb van Assum
f am out
Letters to the Staff
Brevity - dig it
The third paragraph of
Steve Scali's story,
headlined "NAC condemns
universities," contains a
noxious idea.
The image of the
university as a center for
excellence should not be
removed from institutions
outside the UBC campus.
Ron Carten
You did it
to yourself,
It's ironic that my first
brush with blatant sexism
here at UBC comes not from
a professor, a UBC
administrator,or any of my
peers, but from the Editors
of the Ubyssey. I am
referring to the editorial
that comment on several
candidates running in the
AMS elections.
I guiess I don't agree
with the Ubyssey editors'
decision to reduce my
campaign to a banal
discussion on the merits of
my appearance. I would like
to think the Ubyssey would
be the very source of support
for women who are
attempting to achieve some
measure of success on
breaking through the glass
ceiling of patriarchal
authority rather than using
its medium to cut them
I am appalled, although
not suprised, to find the
Ubyssey editors engaged in
the self-same practices for
which they hold the
commercial press in
contempt: the
reinforcement ofthe female
stereotype as weak and
stupid, as well as a focus on
image over substance.
If the Ubyssey editors
disagree with my politics,
then they should do so
openly. I am not afraid to
explain myself or enlighten
them. It would appear to
me that their treatment of
my election campaign
demonstrates their
unwillingness (inability?) to
engage in debate over more
complex issues. Do they
attack   my   appearance
because they are afraid of
attacking my record?
The hypocrisy of the
Ubyssey editors is simply
It's unfortunate that
the Ubyssey editors
consider women's
involvement in the AMS
political structure "fluffy".
I ran in the AMS
elections on my experience,
my goals and my
accomplisments, all clearly
outlined on my poster. My
question to the editors of
the Ubyssey is, what were
you looking at?
Janice Boyle
Science three
U.B.C. has no
I have been at UBC for
almost two and a half years
and witnessed the integrity
of this University
deteriorate. I blame this on
president David Strangway
and his office. Since my
arrival, the campus has
gone through a strike by two
CUPE unions in March of
1992, millions of dollars in
library cutbacks, increased
student to instructor ratio,
faculty hiring freezes (which
contributes to high student
to instructor ratio), poor
maintenance of existing
facilities and a 10% tuition
increase for the students.
At the . same time,
Strangway and his office
have in their pockets
salaries over $150,000,
interest free loans in
hundreds of thousands of
dollars, tens of thousands
in expense accounts, are
exective members of large
multinational corporations
(such as MacBlo and Alcan)
and a costly Greater
Campus University Plan
that is detrimental to the
forests lands on campus and
the residential community
in the University
Endowment Lands. The
recent elections for the AMS
is a clear indicator of the
student body's
dissatisfaction on
Strangway's performance.
The candidates for External
Affairs, Board of Governers
and President were asked
to grade Strangway's
performance. Of twelve
responses, there was one B-
, two C's, four C-'s, four D's
and one F for an overall
average of 58%. Thus, my
proposal: anyone on this
campus with this kind of an
average has probably
thought of quitting. Since it
is unlikely that Strangway
has ever thought of this
himself, I propose that he
resign or immediately act
on behalf of the students
(not corporations or their
interests) until he achieves
a respectable grade from the
student body. Strangway
must work in the interests
of the students of UBC as
the first priority and be
made accountable for any
of his or his office's actions
that affect the students in
any way, shape or form.
F.C.S. Tsai
Graduate studies
The Ubyssey welcomes
letters on any issue.
Letters must be typed and
must not exceed 300
words in length.
Content which is judged
to be libelous,
homophobic, racist,
sexist, or factually
incorrect will not be
published. Please be
concise. Letters may be
edited for brevity, but it
is standard policy not to
edit letters for spelling or
grammar mistakes.
Please bring them with
identification to SUB
241K. Letters must
include name, faculty and
BiRS  (,
I) Kl
'S AN,
story meeting
sex tfteme storp meeting 27tlj Jfanuarp
12:30 pm &WLW 241H This year,
the AMS is offering
you a new kind of slate...
A clean one.
The Alma Mater Society Committee for Organizational Review and Planning (CORP) was
created in order to evaluate your student society. CORP is to propose improvements that will make the AMS a more effective organization and an even better
resource for the students of UBC. But we can't do it alone. We need to know what you
want to see from your student society, and what will best benefit your life at UBC.
Please stop by the CORP suggestion boxes on the SUB Concourse and drop off your
ideas, suggestions, complaints and/or opinions, or drop them off at the AMS
Executive Offices (SUB Room 238). Because; JFK notwithstanding, it's time to ask
what your Alma Mater Society can do for you.
Written submissions may be given to Terri Folsom, Administrative Assistant, SUB
Room 238. Oral submissions may be scheduled through
Randy Romero, Assistant to the President, SUB Room
256 or at 822-3972.
For more information, please contact Bill Dobie,
President, SUB Room 256 or at 822-3972.
Kemano could send salmon the way of eastern cod
by Matt Green
The first project destroyed
local fisheries and sacred native
sites. The second one threatens
people even further afield.
It is called the Kemano
completion project, and the
aluminum company of Canada
(ALCAN)-sponsored plan has
been widely criticized for its
environmental, social and
economic effects and its shady
approval process.
The dam erected under
Alcan's 1949 Kemano I project
effectively reversed the flow of
the Nechako river and had a
devastating impact on the local
environment, decimating salmon
stocks, submerging a vast area of
valuable woodlands and flooding
the Cheslatta native people out of
their homes.
Today, the Nechako River has
been reduced to 30 percent of its
original size, and still Alcan wants
more water. For over 15 years the
company has been trying to
expand their facilities at Kemano.
If they are successful, the Nechako
will be reduced to 12 percent of its
original flow.
Unlike Kemano I, which
allowed the creation ofthe smelter
town of Kitimat, the Kemano
Completion Project (KCP) will
only create eight to twelve full-
time jobs because the extra power
is not to be used in local industry,
but will rather be sold to BC Hydro
for export to the US.
In 1980, the federal
Department of Fisheries and
Oceans (DFO) took Alcan to court
to force them to maintain at least
30  percent  of the  Nechako's
original water flow. However,
before the courts could make a
decision, the federal government
reached an out of court settlement
with the province and Alcan.
The DFO's sudden reversal
aroused suspicion. Former MP for
the Bulkley/Nechako region Brian
Gardiner said, "they thought this
was a project that would create
jobs and in their blind rush... they
signed a deal without due process."
Louise Burgenerm is
chairperson of the Nechako
Neyenkut Society which has been
studying the issue for thirteen
years. She also criticized the
federal government's sudden
change of policy, calling it "a
purely political decision based not
on factual evidence."
"I think the biggest reason...
was that  the Alcan  board of
directors had six members in close
proximity to [six] cabinet
ministers," she said.
The Kemano completion
project will have irreversible
effects in the Nechako Valley, with
some ofthe most serious problems
being a lack of water for drinking,
irrigation of fields, use in future
industrial development,
recreation, and salmon, upon
which many native people rely for
Gardiner stated that "the
salmon resource is the single
resource that might be affected
most" and this is cause for
province-wide concern because the
Nechako is a major tributary to
the Fraser. In fact, the KCP will
cause an average decrease of three
feet in the Fraser River near Hell's
Gate, and it is estimated that
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salmon stocks will be reduced by
up to 20 percent.
Catherine Stewart of
greenpeace said the provincial
salmon fishery is worth "close to
$1 billion" and adds, "that's just
direct jobs in fishing and
processing... for every direct job
you get four to five more."
"We will be the ones who pay
the UI if 20 percent ofthe salmon
are gone, and 20 percent of the
fishermen are out of work,"
Stewart said.
Responding to public concern,
the provincial government is
carrying out a review of the
project. Unfortunately, no
community hearings will be held
south of Prince George, although
residents along the Fraser and
coastal fishermen will be affected.
Despite the government's
past record, Burgener and
Gardiner's tones remain
Burgener expressed relief
that the commission "agreed to
consider water flows, and have
required Alcan and BC Hydro to
release their power contracts."
Gardiner, meanwhile,
showed hope that, if nothing else,
"we learn from this and that never
again will we allow a project of
this type to go ahead."
come you illegible
the ubyssey's
literary supplement
needs y'all . . .
scripts, stories, poetry, recipes,
like anything to do with words
bring 'em in by the first week of
say huhuhn. . . say yeah!
let everybody know
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