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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Nov 10, 1995

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Array Peacefully settling our differences since 1918
volume 11 issue 19
Friday, November 10, 1995
BC'ers want US "city killers" out of Georgia Strait
by Sarah O'Donnell
For the past thirty years, the
nuclear threat has floated beneath the surface of the Georgia
Strait despite Vancouver's declared nuclear-free status.
Lower Mainland peace and
environmental groups say it's
time for the American military
to get its nuclear toys out of Canadian waters.
The federal government has
allowed the US Navy to test their
nuclear submarines at the Canadian Forces Maritime Experimental and Test Ranges
(CFMETR) in Nanoose Bay, approximately 15 miles west of
Nanaimo, since the mid-1960s.
That agreement is up for renewal next year, and BC peace
and environmental activists are
urging the federal government to
drop its plans to extend the arrangement for another ten years.
Michael Candler, coordinator
of the Nanoose Conversion
Campaign, says CFMETR is a
relic from the Cold War era.
"People here do not believe in
nuclear power, and yet the federal government is forcing us to
live with a threat of a nuclear
accident in our waters," Candler
An average of one American
nuclear submarine visits
CFMETR every nine days,
where the US Navy uses the facility's underwater test range to
\f hea.
Nuclear- powered Ohio submarine can now visit CFMETR thanks to
test its sub warfare technology.
Data collected at CFMETR, for
example, was used to design the
naval version of the cruise missile.
Although CFMETR is maintained by the Canadian government, Steve Staples, coordinator
of End the Arms Race, says 75
percent of the testing is done by
the American Navy who do not
have to take any responsibility
for their actions in Canadian territory.
American ships are exempt
from Canadian environmental
laws, and Staples says torpedos
have been known to go haywire
and run completely off course
during tests.
"There have been cases where
torpedos have washed up on
shore," Staples said. "They've
lost them and they've washed up
on someone's beach front."
The hazards posed by nuclear-
powered subs in the Georgia
Strait go beyond an occasional
stray torpedo. Several million
people who live in Victoria,
Nanaimo, the Sunshine Coast
and the Lower Mainland are put
at risk of a catastrophic nuclear
accident every day.
"What we're primarily afraid
of happening would be a leak of
i radiation; a fire on board one of
the subs that resulted in the release of a radioactive cloud," Staples said.
Depending on wind conditions, Staples says such a cloud
could kill as many as one million
people in Victoria or even more
if it were to blow over Vancouver.
In its own "Nuclear Emer
gency Response Plan,"
CFMETR admits the possibility
of "a release of radioactive particles into the atmosphere in the
form of radioactive cloud."
Candler says the base tries to
downplay the risk, and hasn't
even considered the effects on
the surrounding civilian population.
"The worst thing that they
could possibly think of in terms
of an accident was [a radioactive
cloud] that went 550 metres from
the accident," Candler said.
"After Chernobyl, where the
radioactive clouds went all
around the world, to say that it's
only going to go 550 metres is
Candler says the 550 metre
estimate happens to coincide
exactly with the distance to the
nearest building at CFMETR. "It
was a paper exercise-it has nothing about helping people outside
the base gates. They say that's not
their responsibility."
The risk of a nuclear submarine accident is not just hypothetical. According to Staples,
more than half of the nuclear
power submarines at CFMETR
have experienced accidents at
some point in their career, leaking radioactive water and having
small fires on board.
The most recent accident oc-
a new $14 million jetty
curred when the Nemitz, a nuclear powered aircraft carrier,
came up the Georgia Strait trailing a jet fuel spill three km long
and 100 yards wide.
"They didn't even know about
it until a reporter was flying overhead in a helicopter...and said
'What's that big oil spill behind
the Nemitz?' The captain on
board didn't even know about
it," Staples said
Canadian taxpayers footed the
bill for an even greater nuclear
risk in Georgia Strait last year
when the federal government
spent $14 million upgrading
CFMETR's submarine wharf.
Shortly after the upgrade,
CFMETR played host to its first
Ohio class submarine.
In addition to their large
nuclear reactors, each Ohio class
sub carries 24 Inter-Continental
Ballistic Missies (ICBMs) with up
to eight nuclear warheads on
"These subs are country killers," Staples said. "They're able
to fight an entire war by themselves.
"If [just one ICBM] was
launched in this area they could
send one warhead to Vancouver,
one to Nanaimo, one to Victoria. That's only three. North Van,
Richmond, Abbotsford, and then
you've still got a couple extra.
That's one missile. Now this is
going to carry 2 4 of those. That's
the most deadly machine on
As the CFMETR agreement
comes up for renewal in 1996,
both Candler and Staples are
lobbying the federal government to end the US testing and
make the Canadian public
aware of the nuclear machines
in their waters.
Under Candler's coordination, the Nanoose Conversion
Campaign aims to end all weapons testing in Georgia Strait, to
end the agreement between the
United States and Canada that
allows the US to perform do
weapons testing in the Strait and
convert the facility at Nanoose
Bay to peaceful, environmentally
safe and economically secure
The Nanoose Conversion
Campaign and End the Arms
Race have organized a postcard
campaign to convince the Minister of Foreign Affairs not to renew the agreement in 1996.
"Last year Canada cancelled
cruise missile testing and [the federal government's] stated reason
was because the Cold War is
over," Candler said. "Now we
need to say the Cold War is over
here, too.
Candler's message to the US
military is simple.
"You should thank us that we
put up with you for 30 years," he
"Now please get out."
Interview with Blood & Donuts star
Gordon Currie p.4
CIAU hockey players overlooked by
NHL p. 8
PLUS: Special Pull-out
Under section 58 ofthe University Act the President ofthe University has authority to impose discipline
on students for academic and non-academic offences. In the past the nature of the offences dealt
with and the penalties imposed have not been generally made known on campus. It has been decided,
however, that a summary should be published on a regular basis of the offences and of the discipline
imposed without disclosing the names of students involved.
In the period March 1, 1995 to October 31, 1995, 21 students were disciplined. For each case,
the events leading to the imposition ofthe discipline and the discipline imposed are summarized below.
Discipline may vary depending upon all of the circumstances of a particular case.
1. A student attached a false bibliography with an essay he submitted.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the essay and suspension from the university for 4 months*.
2. A student attempted to obliterate his name and student number on an examination paper because
he could not deal with questions in the paper.
Discipline: a letter of severe reprimand.
3. A student plagiarized in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 4 months*.
4. A student had and used unauthorized materials in an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 8 months*.
5. A student plagiarized in the preparation of a paper.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months*.
6. A student assaulted an instructor.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 8 months*.
7. A student plagiarized in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 4 months*.
8. A student did not hand in her examination paper and improperly removed the examination paper
from the examination room.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 8 months*.
9. A student had in his possession unauthorized materials during an examination.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months*.
10. A student failed to disclose on a University application form prior attendance at another post
secondary institution and also misstated other relevant information.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months*.
11. A student submitted as her own work the work of another student.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months*.
An appeal to the Senate Committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline was dismissed.
12. A student plagiarized in the preparation of a paper..
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 4 months. An
appeal to the Senate Committee on Student Appeals on Academic Discipline was allowed in
13. A student failed to disclose on a Unviersity application form prior attendance at the University
and another post secondary institution.
Discipline: in the special circumstances a letter of reprimand.
14. A student had in his possession and used unauthorized materials.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and a letter of severe reprimand and a record of the
disciplnary action entered as a notation on his transcript and in his files, but that in the year in
which the student expects to graduate or any time theareafter he may apply to the President to
exercise his discretion tooremove the notation fromthe transcripts and fromthe files.
15. A student assisted another student in writing a quiz.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 12 months*.
16. A student submitted on two occasions plagiarized papers in a course.
Discipline: in the special circumstances a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the
University for 4 months*.
17. A student plagiarized in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 8 months*.
18. A student had in his possession and used unauthorzied materials in an examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months*.
19. A student had in his possession unauthorized materials in an examination.
Discipline: suspension from the University for 4 months*.
20. A student received assistance from another student in a quiz.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 4 months*.
21. A student plagiarized in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the course and suspension from the University for 12 months*.
* In all cases in which a student is suspended a notation is entered on the student's transcript
and in the student's file. At any time after two years have elapsed from the date of his or her graduation
the student may apply to the President to exercise his discretion tooremove the notation.
Students under disciplinary suspension from UBC may not take courses at other institutions for
transfer of credit back to UBC.
For Rent
Vacation condo available at sunny
Florida, Mexico or Caribbean
beaches. Weekly rental, 4-6 persons
for Dec/Jan. Tel: 552-2744.
Wanted: 5 people or small groups
for day trips to Whistler/Blackcomb
and anywhere else in B.C. and
Washington. Call Chris 739-1374.
Reasonable rates. Very comfortable
Other Services
smarts? If not, call Vivian, HR
Wizards, 536-5756.
Essay editing and proofreading by
ESL writing specialist. Larry 274-
4913. fax:448-8529.
Word Processing/
Word processing/typing, 30 years
experience, APA specialist, laser
printer, student rates. Tel: 228-8346.
WP essays, theses, manuscripts,
reports, letters, resumes. Laser ptr.
English & French. CLEMY 266-
Tuesday, Nov 14
Weekly Meeting
Overeaters anonymous for
compulsive overeaters,
bulimics, & anorexics.
Lutheran Campus Centre.
Wednesday, Nov 15
Artist Talk
Belkin Art Gallery presents
Toronto video-performance
artist Andrew J. Patterson
discussing his work.
Lasserre 107.12:30-1:30pm
Saturday & Sunday, Nov
Wenlido - Self Defense
The Women's Centre is holding a weekend basic class for
women. $35/students (subsidies available). Please pre-
register. SUB 212A. 11am-
VS. an alternative,
The newspaper for, by and about women is putting out a call for submis
sions,    news,
and   stories
lence against
cial categories
erty   and   vio-
nization and vio-
missions off at
views, poetry
about     vio-
women. Spe-
include pov-
lence, and colo-
lence. Drop sub-
the     Women's
Centre or call Centime at 822-2163.
Deadline for submissions is Nov. 27.
The next UPS
(Ubyssey Publications Society)
Board of Directors meeting
has been scheduled for
Wednesday, November 15 in
SUB room 211 @ 4'30-6i30pm.
Come to SUB 24IK we'll
make vou stay after school
Friday, November 10, 1995 Killing them with contact
Marianne Middelveen: Parachutes [cormorant Books]
by Charlie Cho
We are killing native peoples through
That's the conclusion of Marianne
Middelveen, a graduate student from the
University of Calgary, who wrote a novel
for her master's degree in environmental
Middelveen's Parachutes looks at the
effects of outside
forces on the health of
Venezuelan native
communities. It documents how medical
researchers, missionaries, politicians and
anthropologists all
exploit the Guahibo, the Pairoa and the
Yanomamo natives, while claiming to improve their lives.
Parachutes stands in contrast to
Yanomamo: The Fierce People, anthropologist Napolean Chagnon's account of his
years among the Yanomami. Middelveen,
who worked on tropical medicine in the
Venezuelan Amazon, believes that Chagnon
"had a very distorted perception of
Yanomami life.... His very presence caused
more violence."
She says that when people like Chagnon
introduce goods to the Amazonians, it ere- -
ates an inequality that causes neighbouring
tribes to raid each others' villages.
According to Middelveen, all contact by
outsiders, no matter how well-intentioned,
has been destructive to previously isolated
Amazonian tribes.
"Mostly, the tourist industry benefits the
country and the cities economically, but not
the native people. If there's a coup attempt
and tourists stop coming to the
area, the native people suffer
the most."
-Middelveen considers preserving the rainforest in hopes
of finding a cure for diseases
selfish. "We should look at their
rights as humans first and not
just think of the rainforest as something that
benefits ourselves."
Even well-intentioned trading with
Amazonian natives (like The Body Shop) destroys their economy and their culture.
"They change the native economy too
and they make the native economy dependent on their business. The people lose
their nomadic ways. They also have negative effects.
"Really, their isolation has to be protected, as far as people like the Yanomami
are considered. Some of the other groups.
the Pairoa and th
Guahibo have tuber
culosis and very
very poor nutrition."
Even as the global    population " ■■;
grows, Middelveen
urges us to leave
tribes   like   the
Yanomami alone.
"I  really  don't
think  that  our
contact is beneficial for people
like the Yanomami. I don't think
it ever will be.
The more contact they have,
the more problems    they'll
have with ma-  I
laria [and] malnutrition, health problems We dial. 1 ieciiiy
don't see the benefit to them."
While dealing with the social and biological aspects of Venezuelan life. Parachutes has a humourous human subplot.
Working in the small, isolated tropical disease institute of INSA, Debra Baumstark and
her co-workers are always aware of each
others' romantic and sexual relationships.
"- f!
''■&&■■      Middelveen expe-
■.    r i e n c e d
■ similar situations while
working on
medicine in
When you're
■.vorking in a
■.■3ry isolated
■ irea like that,
'.-iu   get   to
!:uow     your
.". irkmates in-
■n lately.  Be-
■ -I'iseoftheiso-
I 11.on, people
■ in   to   act
.etimes very
ngely after a
'■ /. years of it.
usually        the
longer they worked there, the stranger they
She also wanted to make a point about
anthropologists. "Anthropologists are able
to write about the intimate details of other
people's lives without their consent.
Whereas, if they were going to do it about
us, we'd be able to sue."
Come back home for the Sick & Twisted Holidays
Spike & Mike's Sick & Twisted 1995
Festival of Animation
at the Ridge theatre on Fridays, Saturdays, and
Sundays until Dec 3
by Jenn Kuo and Peter T. Chattaway
Jenn: You know, I've seen half of these before. Somehow I can't help wondering if they couldn't get enough —
cartoons, that is — to compile an all-original show.
Peter: I concur. I'm something of a Spike & Mike regular,
but I've only seen the Sick & Twisted show once before —
about five years ago — and even J recognized a whole
bunch of these.
Jenn: But you've gotta appreciate bloody classics such
as Lupo the Butcher. The
tongue propping up the head
at the end is just perfect.
Peter: I agree, and Lupo is
short and sweet enough for a
rerun, hut Diidy Biidyl Still, the self-inflicted torture of
Lloyd's Lunchbox was sheer artistry, well worth catching
all three volumes together.
Jenn: It's funny how cartoons can actually make you
squeamish, like when you're watching him stick the knife
blade under his nails.
Peter: Ox the papercut that slices right through the skin
between his fingers like a meat cleaver - betcha get all
tense just readin' about it, dontcha?
Jenn: What made me tense was watching that one
woman trampling the worms so that she could regenerate
the two halves.
Peter: I had a problem with that one, actually. I'm as
into pedophiliac high-heeled bestial torture as the next
guy, but when real live worms are being killed snuff-film
style, I dunno, that just seems exceedingly cruel. Particularly when some of the cartoons say at the end, "No animals were harmed in the making of this film." It's all very
ha-ha for a cartoon to say that, but what about the live-
action stuff? ... Okay, soapbox mode off.
Jenn: And hey, it even managed to have some gay content. I guess this is why Mattel doesn't sell their Barbies in
twos — to say nothing of why accessories are not included.
Peter: Y'know, this whole show reminded me of Robin
Williams' complaint about the lack of classically trained
Shakespearean porno actors. The artistic quality just ain't
there; the humour isn't the only thing that's crude about
these shorts.
Jenn: Yeah, you know watching a porno is one thing,
but watching two cartoon characters fuck "The Wrong Hole"
is just somehow disturbing.
Peter: Don't get me wrong, the low quality is actually
somewhat endearing, in a gruff sort of way. Big Top Ass
Hole and Woeful Willie wouldn't be nearly as much fun if
they didn't look like demo rejects from the
pencil-sketch factory.
Jenn: That's one
way of putting it. Big
Top Ass Hole really /
does      put      the <
"twisted" in Side &
Twisted. I'm not sure ''"",, f,
if I'll ever buy peanuts
i i
Home for the
at the Capitol 6
theatre  .
by Peter T. Chattaway
It's almost holiday
season again, which
means it's time for Hollywood to unleash its
corrective eyewear.
newest barrage of seasonal movies.^ Never mind that the
best holiday films usually cover more than a single moment in time — Its a Wonderful Life spanned an entire
lifetime - and never mind how strong a temptation it is
for critics to write off the latest Thanksgiving flick as a
"turkey". As long as families coalesce into prepackaged
marketing blocs, producers will churn out the filmic treacle
Of course, the family ain't what it used to be.
Dysrunctionalism is all the rage these days, but it takes a
practiced eye to mix the slapstick and sentiment without
appearing too cruel or too smarmy. To judge from Home
for the Holidays, either director Jodie Foster or writer W.D.
Richter needs a little more practice.
To cite but one example: One ostensibly funny moment,
the ultraconservative Joanne Wedman (Cynthia Stevenson)
is a shrill straw woman, shrieking at her "perverted"
brother (the spirited Robert Downey Jr.) with a voice so
piercing the sound mixer apparently felt the need to mute
it out. The next moment, she sheds a tear as tne camera
invites us to have a heart. So are we supposed to laugh at
her - we're certainly not laughing with her - or are we
supposed to feel for her?
More successful, in a fleeting way, is David Strattiairn's
cameo as a pathetic hard-luck case - think Eeyore with a
glum, half-hearted smile. Geraldine Chaplin brings a similar
wistfulness to her role as the slightly senile Aunt Glady.
More central to the
film is Anne
Bancroft's chainsmoking matriarch, though her
bitterness often
threatens to
overwhelm any
empathy the audience might
feel for her.
And    what
about    Holly
Hunter,    our
purported protagonist? Well,
she's there in
the film from
beginning to
about end, alright,
but she's far
too passive. Whether
it's losing her job, or her daughter (Lirtte Women's
Claire Danes) announcing her intention to get laid while
Mom's away, or letting her brother's buddy (Dylan
McDermott) plop into her romantic lap out of the blue, she
consistently lets things happen to her without affecting
them much in return.
Indeed, for a film produced and directed by women, it's
amazing how often the men eclipse the female leads.
Downey gives the film its one consistent pulse of life, and
Charles Duming, as the clan's pafer familias, frequently
upstages spouse Bancroft with his tubby two-stepping.
But what defeats the film in the end is Foster's inability
to pick a theme and stick to it. Home for the Holidays dwells
so much on family dysfunctions, it cannot help but feel a
little fractured itself, before it finally lapses into denial. It's
quite telling that the children in the film follow everything with a video camera — the most annoying device for
capturing the naked facts of any real-life embarrassment
- but the film itself dissolves all present-day concerns
into a silent, grainy pastiche of good ol' Super-8 home
movie footage.
make you think twice
It takes 92 days for a plucked
W§^^mM grow back.
Friday, November 10,1995
The Ubyssey Musicolumn
Various Artists —
In Between Dances
This CD, a fundraising project for
the Canadian Cancer Society's Breast
Cancer Initiative, is the work of Jack!
Ralph Jamieson, former singer for the
The Bells, and it stems from
Jamieson's own personal loss. This
compilation uses material from most of Canada's poular female singers. The music is mostly familiar, and features previously released works by people like Holly Cole, led. lang, Rita
MacNeil, and Aiannah Myles. Although a lot of the songs have
been overplayed on the radio, some of them are new, and knowing where the money from the project is going makes listening
to this CD especially worthwhile. - Ron Eichler
The Pardon Beggars — Golly, gee ... shucks
It's a good thing the liner notes to this album include the
lyrics. That way, when you get sick of hearing frontman/group
handicap Trevor Hutchinson singing along to otherwise decent
music, you can drown him out. No doubt Hutchinson was reading the lyrics as he sang them; his feeble emotionless voice
just cant pull the band out of the sorry realms of background
Even more unforgivable, the Pardon Beggars borrowed the
Bourbon Tabernacle Choir's Dave Wall - possibly the most talented larynx in Canadian funk - and hardly used him. Who
knows, maybe the Toronto band just cant get it together in the
studio. Maybe they'll just fade away and let more promising
Canadian bands (like Rush) have a crack at the airwaves.
- Chris NuttallSmHh
John Ottman — The Usual Suspects [/Vlilan/BMG]
I'll be honest, this disc sounds like a movie soundtrack. That
is to say, it is not the sort of album that one can enjoy all that
much without actually seeing the film. It can be done, though;
John Williams' Schindler's List and Ryiuchi Sakamoto's Little
Buddha, for example, are two beautiful suites that make total
sense as musical compositions in their own right, while augmenting the films for which they were written.
On the other hand, Ottman's score for The Usual Suspects,
as good as it is, feels like it was cued to fit the details of every
shot in the film - which shouldn't be all that surprising, since,
in a rare career move, Ottman was the film's editor as well as
its composer.
This is not a bad thing, particularly if you've seen the film
and, like myself, thought that the music (a calculatd mixture of
sneaky pianos, ominous metronomes, and sweeping orchestrations) was one of the many reasons The Usual Suspects was
so great In fact, if you're the sort of person who likes to experience movies like mis over and over again, the disc is the next
best thing to watching the show - and it won't demand your
entire attention, either. - Peter T. Chattaway
Seven Mary Three — American Standard
One cant help but suspect that Seven Mary Three's inspiration derives considerably from REM and grunge.
Imagine if REM had been part of that famed Seattle coterie
of despair and angst-ridden rainforest hard rockers, instead of
hailing from the softer
climes of the Deep South,
and you'll get some idea of
what Seven Mary Three
sound like.
Fortunately, the fusion
of these two sounds has
resulted in something new
and interesting. Indeed,
two of the songs, 'Headstrong' and 'Margaref, are
superb efforts which belong in any self-respecting
collection of popular music.
There are a couple of
softer batlady type of
things which tend to plod
along, balancing out the
raunchier    stuff.    But
nevermind, 'Headstrong'
and 'Margaret' more than
make up for these defects.
■ Andy the grate
interview with a "humanistic vampire"
The joy of friendship in a transient community
■ 60 ih-j/is to chouse from.
by Jenn Kuo
Centered around a decrepit donut shop in a
no-name town, where the patrons are promised^ safe place to have a coffee and a donut,"
Blodd & Donuts - which opens today at the
Plaza theatre — is unlike most other vampire
Gordon Currie, a native of Mission whose past
credits include the Whistler-helmed Alive, met
with The Ubyssey at last month's Film Festival
to discuss his portrayal of Boya, the lead vampire.
According to Currie, Blood & Donuts is "not a
genre film. It's not even really a vampire film.
It's fun, the writing is very different, the acting
is vfery quirky. It's a unique story about friendship, the struggle between people, lust and life.
''The public is kind of educated with vampire
lore now, it's a little more trendy. Go from there
and take it a little left from center and that's
where our film starts off."
To prepare for this role, Currie tried to read
one ofthe Anne Rice Vampire Chronicles books,
but never got past the first chapter. He found
that he didn't want to copy other vampire stories because this movie has a much different
take. Instead, he watched old movie classics such
as Frankenstein and Nosferatu, where "the character is very apathetic and we the audience feel
for this poor, poor creature."
Boya isn't like your average traditional gothic
vampire. Currie explains Boya's craving for human flesh as "an addiction, you have the choice
of whether or not you want to submit."
Boya is more of a humanistic vampire who
can resist this appetite. "He's quite the opposite
[from other vampires]. It's intrinsic in him to lust after the flesh of humans, but he's
trying desperately to hold on to what humanity he has left, what empathy and understanding he has left for the human condition and the people around him."
However, Boya still "has to survive and satisfy that lust for flesh/' so instead of
preying on humans, Boya lusciously sucks the blood out of mice and pigeons.
Occasionally he does express an urge to prey upon humans, but each time, he manages to resist the temptation. "I treat it like an addiction, like he was trying to recover
from, like, heroin addiction," explains Currie.
Boya is also different in that he struggles to help those around him to improve their
OH BOYA: Gordon Currie's not afraid of sunlight any more
lives. "This vampire has plenty of it [humanity],
and he longs to be like these people around him
in so many ways. There's a slow progression,
[a] transition to him being a little more human
towards the middle of the film. That's what we
were going for."
"We" would include accomplished documentary director Holly Dale {Hookers on Davie), who
sinks her teeth into feature-length drama for the
first time with Blood & Donuts. This is also the
first film to come out of The Feature Film Project,
sponsored by Norman Jewison's Canadian Film
Centre, and it gets an extra boost from famed
director David Cronenberg {The Fly,
Videodrome), who plays the "Crime Lord".
The film begins when Boya is woken up from
a 25-year hibernation by a window-shattering
golf ball. The last time he was awake, it was
1969 and Neil Armstrong had just landed on the
moon. When he awakes, he comes out into the
town with a "25 year old bedhead" and does
his best to fit into the world of today. Comically,
he shuffles along with a stiff-jointed walk, and
he bears a suspicious resemblance to a younger
Rip Van Winkle.
Throughout the movie, images of the moon
are juxtaposed with the golf ball, which Boya
keeps. Currie says that mankind's presence on
the moon had a definite impact on Boya.
"He looks at the moon and that's his constant,
his sense of spirituality. In 1969, when the man
landed on the moon, two things happened for
him. [With] everything that had changed
throughout the centuries, the moon had stayed
"Then when man landed on the moon, suddenly it wasn't his anymore. Secondly, everyone is rejoicing in the landing on the
moon and he realizes that he's alone and he's not going to be human.
"That's the struggle he's had througout the centuries, especially the last part of his
life, is trying to get back to that humanity."
With a dash of quirky humour, a great soundtrack, stylistic sets, and interesting
characters - ranging from a moronic cabbie (Justin Louis) to a witty waitress (Helene
Clarkson) — this film is done well despite its very low budget.
It offers a unique take on the age-old story of vampiric troubles, and it is one of the
more novel vampire movies this writer has seen in a while.
Carole itter: lite Float
at the Or Gallery (112 west Hastings street)
until Nov 18
by Christopher Brayshaw
There's a lot of history hidden in the tidal flats
between tbe Second Narrows Bridge and Deep Cove.
In the 1940s, squatters' shacks stood along the
shore of what is now Cates Park. Shack owners like
Earle Birney and Malcolm and Margie Lowry turned
to the Dollarton shore to escape conservative
Vancouver. But the city kept on coming, and by the
1960s and 1970s, only a few shacks remained, offering shelter for artists like Al Neil and Ian Wallace,
and visual respite from the subdivisions chewing
their way up Seymour Mountain.
. Carole liter's The Float is a meditative installation which asks viewers to contemplate differences
between the city's rhythms and those of the
Dollarton shore. In June 1993, Itter assembled a
group of co-conspirators and headed for the waterfront, armed with several boxes of scavenged
wooden "trash": spice racks, salt shakers, wood
beads and fishing floats. These objects were scattered at low tide, then herded back to shore by the
rising sea.
Human volunteers helped along the way. In documentary videos and photographs, liter's fellow art
ists are shown handling the objects, drumming on
them, whistling and splashing each other, Maxine
Gadd plays the flute; AI Neil sings, off-key, from a
rowboat offshore. The overwhelming sense here is
of fee creation of real community. In The Float, withdrawal from the city is depicted sot as a self-interested turning away from the world, but as a rediscovery of those values that join individuals together.
Beneath the joy of companionship is a deeper
sense of dispossession and loss. Sawdust barges
and log booms appear at the edges of many photographs and video stills: symbolic reminders of a provincial economy bent on converting frees into timber, and finally into beads, pineapple bowls, and
potty chairs.
Wandering through liter's archive, you're aware
of the transience of community, and Vancouver's
contingent relationship with the surrounding landscape. Figures captured on f Um and video along the
Dollarton shore haunt Hastings Street's boarded
Leaving the gallery, I walked north to the waterfront, past men shooting up behind a parked car.
The Gastown steam clock chimed the hour, its
mournful whistle sounding above the tide's slap like
an echo of Maxine Gadd's flute. A heavy rain was
falling, and there was no sign of the North Vancouver
Total Eclipse is daring but unsympathetic; Fair Game quite lame
Total Eclipse
opens today at the Caprice
by Janet Winters
It's always a disappointment
to watch a film which dares to
cross the regular conventional
boundaries, but lacks purpose while doing so.
Beyond all the strong dramatic performances,
revealing sex scenes, shocking moments, and the
overall tense mood, Agnieszka Holland's Total
Eclipse left me asking one major question: What
was the point of even doing this film? True, there
is a dearth of films about gay lovers, but Total
Eclipse is essentially the true story of two jerks
who just happen to be gay or bisexual poets (the
show fails to even address their poetry adequately).
The story begins in late 19th century Europe
when sixteen-year-old French poet Arthur
Rimbaud (played by prince of melodrama Leonardo
DiCaprio) is invited to stay with another poet ten
years his senior, Paul Verlaine (David Thewlis of
JVa/cedfame). This visit prompts troubles between
Verlaine and his eighteen-year-old pregnant wife,
Mathilde (Romane Bohringer). Throughout the film,
Verlaine is caught between his wife and Rimbaud,
which creates an interesting power struggle between the three characters.
While Verlaine has a perverse hold over his
wife, the younger Rimbaud is able to control
Verlaine. Initially, the chemistry between DiCaprio
and Thewlis is explosive. There is enormous sexual
tension leading up to Rimbaud's and Verlaine's
first sexual encounter together. It's a shame both
characters happen to be so vile; this makes it difficult for the audience to sympathize with either
of them.
While Rimbaud is obnoxious, callous, arrogant,
aivd rude enough to publicly piss all over 1306018
he doesn't like,
Verlaine    is    a
troubled alcoholic
who victimizes his
wife, and even
their   newborn
son, with violent
outbursts. It's even hard to
sympathize with Mathilde
when she seems so shallow and stupid.
Verlaine leaves his wife
to travel Europe and write
with his male lover. The
real Verlaine was in his
mid to late twenties at this
time, but Thewlis looks no
younger than 40. During
their voyage the two men
are aware of the legal consequences of sodomy, but
continue their conspicuous, dysfunctional, and
sometimes violent relationship. Some of the film's
more enjoyable scenes occur when the two men run and play joyfully
through the countryside together.
For a director whose screenwriting credits include Trois Coleurs: Bleu, and who directed
Europa, Europa and The Secret Garden, Holland
doesn't live up to her proven potential.
Clever poetic lines like "the only thing unbearable is that nothing is unbearable" are thrown
into the dialogue just for the sake of being there.
There is one theme, though, which is conveyed
remarkably well. When Verlaine looks back and
says,"We were always happy," it proves that hu-
HianS tend to have selective memories when re-
"e (David Thewlis) and Rimba
^(Leonardo DiCaprio) frolic
Perhaps the producers could dig further and find
more likable characters the next time they decide
to bring a gay love story to the big screen.
Fair Game
at the Capitol 6 theatre
by Julian Dowling
Ingredients: 1 supermodel (Cindy Crawford), 1
of the Baldwin brothers (William), a few handfuls
of Russian bad guys, a sprinkling of really corny
lines, a generous serving of gratuitous deaths and
car/train/boat chases. Stir until supermodel and
membering abusive, but passionate, relationships.   Baldwin brother are thoroughly mixed. Saute bad
guys well in car/
train/boat explosions. Serves about
one tenth Of the
human brain. Oops,
forgot to add a tea-
spoon of plot.
Never mind, leave
it out and they'll
never notice.
Director Sipes
followed the recipe
precisely when he
directed Fair
Game. This is a
strictly shoot-em-
up no-brainer flick.
Sipes must have
been hoping that
lascivious shots of
Cindy's supermodel assets, and
Max (Baldwin) in
his studly singlet
going around
blowing up everything in sight would bring in the crowds. He's
probably right, but it's hardly a satisfying meal.
More like a few wisps of cotton candy; sweet and
He's a cop on the edge. She's a woman with a
dangerous secret. I'm still
not quite sure what that secret is, it may be that she
XaUeQ   OUt   Ot   acting  school
before she got to modeling
those bikinis. Crawford fails
to be convincing as a sophisticated lawyer, but it hardly
matters 'cause the movie
may as well just be one long advertisement for
Bennetton underwear with a lot of fancy pyrotechnics thrown in. As for Baldwin, maybe he's
on the edge of getting a serious role in a decent
film, but his acting is so deliberate that Bruce
Willis would be jealous.
I had barely finished my popcorn before Max
and Kate were kicking some KGB butt. That's
right, KGB. Excuse me, has no one told you that
the Cold War is still raging in Hollywood? How
about trying to find some new bad guys? What
about Quebecois separatist extremists trying to
blow up Parliament Hill?
The audience cheered when Baldwin finaUy
got down to business with Cindy in — what else?
— a moving train. But those damn bad guys keep
showing up and spoiling their fun, until the end
that is. After the obligatory slow motion leap into
the ocean from an exploding ship, the two lovers go floating off into the sunset on a liferaft.
007, are you taking notes?
In the last two minutes the great plot is revealed: Some psycho wants to steal money from
offshore bank accounts. Oh, and before he does
that he wants to drive around Florida killing a
bunch of cops and getting his hands on Kate.
Formula plot + supermodel = $$$ for Warner
Brothers. Formula plot + supermodel = cotton-
candy crap for the rest of us. Go buy a fashion
magazine if you want to see Cindy doing the job
she does best, and give this one a miss.
_   ubc mm society
Friday to 5unU«}r in sub ^^-d.***.-™™
7:00 The Prophecy
9:30 Clockers	
UBC Film Society
Check for our flyers
in SUB 247.
. a fiim
For 24-Hour Movie Listings call 832-3697
The Ubyssey
Friday, wovemoer i«,i:
The ut„ opinion
M ^3^J*"S£~
Remembrance Day an exercise in forgetting?
The trouble with Remembrance day is that it
encourages us to think of war as something that
happened to our grandparents—a relic of our
collective past.
While it's important to acknowledge the
contributions of Canada's veterans in the two
World Wars, we must be careful not to allow
Remembrance Day to become part of the
underlying psychology that contributes to war
in the first place.
Although it may be more pleasant to look back to
a time when it was easy to see war as a struggle
between good and evil, the reality is that war is a
thoroughly modern phenomenon.
A day set aside to promote the cause of peace
must be as much about reflecting on our modern
day situation as it is about remembering.
November 10,1995
volume 77 issue 19
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Charlie Cho reached deep, deep into the tapioca miasma to remove a freshly
descentedjoe dark. Tenon midd wa$in short supply as Matt Thompson twisted into
driftwood and berated sedated Sarah O'Donnell wrestled with her own doggie bone
dementia. Wah Kee Tinjr, stapled madly into the gnawed apple-ish core of Scott
Hayw&rd as Ahdy Barham wallowed In the expectant hum of dial tone. Was Desiree
Adibmore than a slippery fumble through cyber-paste? Ben Koh peeled his agreement
while Peter T. Chattaway rolled a glass eye skyward. Wolf Depner carved the final
sketch tntojeiid Kxio's thumbnail. *Corttimie the experiments!" crabbed Christopher
Brayshaw, suturing velvet wings and fe2 to Julian Dowling's genius monkey. Siobhan
Roantxeenerped Peter McMullen alphabetize himself into phonebook oblivion while
the temporary Colin Pereira collapsed in an ecstasy of mumbling. The rubber noses
had it as Christine Price and Orris Nutall Smith soured the milky translucent skin
Ron Eichler had grafted to the tether people. late for the printers again.
Coordinating Editor: Siobhan Roantree
Copy Editor: Sarah O'Donnell
News Editor. Matt Thompson
Culture Editor: Peter T. Chattaway
Sports Editor; Scott Hayward
Acting Production Coordinator: Joe Clark
There is an irony in a culture that on. the one hand
sets aside a national day to honour the memory of
those who fought and died protecting the very ideals
that today are ignored as a matter of routine political
Just as we must be aware there is nothing
"surgical"; about bombings, and that "collateral
damage" includes dead women and children, we
must not focus on the past at the expense of an honest
look at the present.
Today's conflicts may be a good deal messier and
more difficult to discern a clear protagonist than it
was 40 years ago, but this fact only underscores the
importance of the need to focus on the root causes
of violence—poverty, racism, greed, sexism.
Wars are not simply a military phenomenon and
peace is not just the absence of war.
Personal wars are fought on a daily basis by
people everywhere. Women fight against violence,
children face abuse, poverty claims scores of
anonymous casualties and people of colour combat
prejudice and racism.
These wars are just as real as those fought with
hand-grenades and land mines. So real in fact, that
the United Nations recently recognized sexual
violence as a war crime. By including sexual violence
among the lists of behaviour considered absolutely
unacceptable even in times of war, the international
community has brought their own definition of war
more in line with reality.
Rather than a time to honour state-sanctioned
violence, Remembrance Day should be a day of
activism. Otherwise, it is little more than an exercise
in forgetting.
letters '
Response to
Mr. McKee
I am writing in response to
Michael McKee's letter in the
October 17th issue addressing
minimum wage. While not
necessarily agreeing with his
point of view, I found the first
portion ofthe letter to be at least
an honest and fair criticism of The
Ubyssey editorial. Unfortunately
with the line "Why is it that so
many socialists...," Mr. McKee
revealed that he was not writing
an honest and fair criticism. He
displayed a serious bias, and a
lack of knowledge about the
people he was trying to ridicule.
By making preposterous
generalizations such as, "many
socialists... are incompetents," or
"only those people with little or
no skills earn minimum wage,"
Mr. McKee ruined any validity
his argument might have had. As
anyone who; actually lives in the
real world cin tell you, there are
hundreds of people loaded with
skills who are unable to find work
at all, forget about minimum
While claiming the author of
the editorial1 to be ignorant, it is
in fact Mr. McKee who does not
have his facts straight. His letter
states that, "No company exists
solely to exploit workers, they
exist to make more." Only
someone who is narrow-minded
and obtuse could fail to recognize
that the exploitation of workers
and making money go hand in
hand for many companies. The
letter also blatantly ignores the
purpose of having a minimum
wage; to ensure those that have
jobs are not forced to live in
poverty. By disregarding this
most basic human right Mr.
McKee demonstrates a
callousness that most people
would find offensive. In basing
his argument on outrageous and
incorrect remarks Mr. McKee
has proved himself to be far
more ignorant than those he was
attempting to criticise.
Jonathan Quong
Arts 1
Child Care
Bursary Fund
Finally, words like "equal
accessibility to education" are not
being merely tossed out by
bureaucrats eager to be
politically correct but are actually
forming a basis for action. The
AMS's efforts to establish a child
care bursary fund should be
applauded. Now it is up to the
students to decide if they want
to support the fostering of a
community spirit on campus or
continue the tradition of a cold
and uncaring environment. In
January's referendum students
will be asked to approve a short-
term fee levy of three dollars for
three years, to be direcdy used
to establish a child care
endowment fund. Hopefully,
UBC students will defy their long
tradition of referendum apathy
and come out to vote a
resounding YES.
Yvette Leung
Faculty of Science
McEwen report
1. Joan McEwen should be
called in by the Board of
Governors to explain her report.
Refusal should be taken as her
admission that the report is
unsound, and the University
should move to recover the fee.
2. The Board should make
immediate provision to interview
anyone with information about
the mistreatment of students in
the Political Science Department.
Any former University
employees with possible
knowledge of professorial sexual
contact with students should be
interviewed in confidence.
3. The President, Dr.
Strangway, should immediately
publish a detailed account of any
benefits he has received from
outside sources.
4. The Board should require an
independent examination ofthe
administrative aftermath of the
McEwen Report.
5. The Board should require
from the President and other
aa^ninistrators a written, detailed,
accurate explanation of how the
decision was made to rescind the
ban on new admissions.
6. A committee of the Board
should interview anyone with
information about how
university policies are
implemented. The BRC matter
should be carefully examined.
Clayton Burns
Got an opinion?
Write a letter up
to 300 words in
length, and bring it
to The Ubyssey
office (SUB 241K)
with your student
card. See your
name in print!.
LETTERS POLICY: Letters to the editor must be under 300 words. "Perspectives" ire opinion pieces over 300 words but under 750 words and are run according to space. "Freestyles" are opinion pieces written by
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The Ubyssey
Friday, November 10,1995 n
A Peacetime plague kills thousands
Canadians call for landmine ban
by Matt Thompson
For millions world-wide, the
threat of death or crippling injury
is invisible, silent, and as close as a
step away.
While the Cold War focused
global attention on the threat of
nuclear death from above, the real
danger facing a majority of the
world's inhabitants lies hidden
Land mines kill or maim 26,000
people annually world-wide-
about 500 victims each week. By
United Nations estimates, more
than 110 million antipersonnel
mines (APMs) are currendy scattered across 64 different countries.
Despite calls for a global ban, two
rnifJion more mines are buried and
set each year.,
These weapons are virtually
undetectable after being planted,
and leave a deadly legacy long after the initial conflict is over. Mines
are utterly indiscriminate; they do
not distinguish between civilians
and soldiers.
UBC Political Scientist Allen
Sens says APMs are inhumane
would probably cost $7 billion, the
equivalent of five to seven years
of the country total gross domestic product. The 27 mine clearance
teams working in Afghanistan
would take over 4,000 years to
clear just one fifth ofthe mines laid
And while the United Nations
8 0,000
mines a
year, two to
five million
new mmes
are laid annually.
"We are
losing the land mine war in terms
of extraction versus laying," Sens
said, adding that at current rates,
135 million mines will be buried
around the world by the year
"Banning landmines will not
end the problem, but it would be
an enormous help in terms of being able to de-mine areas around
the world."
or spoken. We're saying, 'Put your
money where your mouth is.'"
Tuttle believes a comprehensive international ban is the only
way to address the problem.
"Partial measures are easily circumvented," she says, "and
they're just never going to resolve
the problem."
She wants Canada to follow
Belgium's lead, which is currently the
only country
with a legislated ban in
Sens supports idea of
an international ban,
but ques-
production and export of Cana-    tions its politically feasibility.
Mines Action Canada, a coalition of Canadian on-Governmental Organizations, has joined forces
with organizations in more than 50
countries for an international ban
on the use, production, trade and
transfer of anti-personnel land
While Canada's Minister of
Defence has already unofficially
supported a moratorium on the
"We need to view land mines as morally repugnant as chemical weapons or
biological weapons or nuclear weapons."
Allen Sens
UBC political scientist
dian APMs, Mines Action Canada
Coordinator Cellina Tuttle wants
Canada to go a step further.
"We want to see [the ban] legislated," Tuttle says, arguing that without formal legislation there's nothing
to stop a future government from resuming production.
"They don't believe it will have
any more effect whether its legislated
More than fifty countries produce landmines, and many are reluctant to relinquish a weapon they
regard as a cheap, effective and legitimate weapon of war.
Others argue that a ban would
chscriminate against poorer Southern countries that cannot afford the
North's high-tech weapons systems, Sens says.
Cellina Tuttle offers another
reason: the estimated $50 - $200
generated annually world-wide
from the production of land
"There's lots of money out
there," Tuttle said.
Whatever the reason, international efforts to enact a global ban
have stalled. At the Inhumane
Weapons Convention Review
conference held last September,
the international community
agreed to ban the use of blinding
lasers, but failed to reach an
agreement on the mine issue.
Sens believes it will take a shift
in the minds of the public before
real progress is made fighting the
land mine plague.
"Part of the problem is psychological," he says.
"We need to view land mines
as morally repugnant as chemical weapons or biological weapons or nuclear weapons. Until we
get that international consenus-
and the public consensus—that
these things are morally repugnant, I don't think we're going to
get significant movement internationally on land mines."
even by military standards. Al- ■        ■ ■ ■ ■ ^» _■_■        V^ "JP" _■_ M.
thoughmmesmaybelaidfornuli-     FrCtlCR   tCStS    UI1lte    SOUth    PaCIT IC    P TOT 6 ST
tary purposes, he says, they remain
active for several decades.
"So long after the conflict is over
these things lie in wait fully active,
and when someone steps on them
they explode. That someone is almost inevitably a civilian or a
child," Sens said.
Most landrnfnes are intention- •
ally designed to maim instead of
kill, and victims who survive the
initial shock and massive blood
loss are left badly maimed. There
is great risk of secondary infection,
and because the blast forces dirt,
bone fragments and plastic shrapnel deep into the wound, amputation is the most common form of
The pain, needless to say, is excruciating.
"It is psychologically scarring in
the extreme," says Sens. "I really
don't think there's any words that
can describe the kind of suffering
that these things cause. We don't
have appropriate words in our language."
The economic and social costs
are equally great. Land mine amputees often lose their livelihood
and become ostracized by their
community. The threat ofthe hidden explosives leaves agricultural
fields, wells and entire villages
Greenpeace estimates mine
fields have robbed more than half
of Afghanistan and Cambodia's
agricultural land. Removing mines
is a slow and expensive process.
While the mines can be bought for
as Httie as $3 US, de-mining costs
can run as high as $1,000 each.
World Vision Canada estimates
that making Cambodia mine-free
by J. Clark
In an audacious display of old
world militarism and colonialism,
France recently detonated the
third in its series of eight scheduled nuclear tests in the South Pacific.
The French nuclear tests on the
Mururoa atoll have united the
nearby country of Tahiti in a joint
struggle for self-determination and
environmental responsibility.
Although governments around
the world have urged France to re- _
consider their decision, French
President Jean Chirac insists the
atomic tests are necessary to maintain the viability of its nuclear arsenal. Ironically, the government
also claims the tests will enable
France to sign the international
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in
May 1996.
The French have repeatedly
assured that the testing poses no
danger to the environment and
people of the South Pacific. But
since testing began in 1966, the
area has seen a recorded increase
in leukemia, tons of dead fish have
washed ashore and photos have
revealed that the bed rock of the
atoll is cracking.
"If the testing is so safe, do it in
France," says Margaret Argue ofthe
South Pacific Peoples Foundation.
Argue says France's resumption
of nuclear tests has united the islands' population and given Tahiti
and Mururoa's 50 year old independence movements attention
both in the South Pacific and the
international community.
"[The tests] are a regional concern
and a very strong concern, from re-
A FRENCH WARSHIP patrols the perimeter of the exclusion zone around Mururoa.
gional institutions right down to the
people in the streets," Argue said.
After the detonation of the first
nuclear devices on September 5, residents' concern turned into action.
More than 200 riot police were cal ed
in when rioters set fire to the airport
in Papeete, the Tahitian capital.
Argue called the event "a response of frustration and rage to
the arrogance of the testing."
Greenpeace and other Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO)
have joined Polynesian peoples in a
world-wide call for France to cancel
its nuclear testing program.
One ofthe loudest international
voices speaking out agaihst
France's decision is Greenpeace,
an organization that has long
worked with the independence
movement of the South Pacific to
stop nuclear testing in the region.
John Mate, a Greenpeace activist who recently returned from
Mururoa, believes the international community's response has
been inadequate.
"France should be a pariah
country—totally isolated," he says.
Mate argues the Mururoa atoll
was never legally acquired by
France. A French deed, dated
1919, assigns ownership ofthe island to a Polynesian family. This
means France is actually carrying
its tests out illegally and has no
right to arrest activists who enter
into the twelve mile exclusion zone
set up around the atoll.
While Mate and five other activists patrolled the exclusion
boundary on the Greenpeace vessel Caramba, they were under constant surveillance by a French warship that prevented them from entering the zone.
Greenpeace leaders have met
with some internal criticism over
the handling ofthe campaign in the
South Pacific, but Mate maintains,
"The biggest mistake was made by
Jacques Chirac."
By resuming nuclear testing, he
says, "The French authorities have
criminally neglected the health of
the Polynesian people."
Friday, November 10,1995
The Ubyssey
P1 War and Peace
War and Peace
Ploughshares Report reveals scale of international conflict
Project Ploughshares has reported on the state ofthe world
at war since 1987, when a map
depicting the location and intensity of the 36 major armed
conflicts raging around the
world at that time first appeared in the December issue
of the quarterly magazine, The
Ploughshares Monitor. That annual map has since expanded
into an annual Armed Conflicts
Report series. The following
are exerpts from the second
The face of armed
In large part, the conflicts described are civil wars, fought
within a state's own boundaries; they are not conflicts between states (although other
states are sometimes involved).
Current conflicts are generally
struggles for the control of a
state, the secession of a region,
or the autonomy of a particular identity group. Most of the
victims are civilians - and most
of those are women and children.
The typical armed conflict
does not result from a state's
ambitions for regional or global dominance, but from its
failure to foster or maintain a
society that can provide adequately for its own citizens,
either for their political, social,
and economic rights and interests or for their basic, physical
In many of these conflicts,
the warring parties are ethnically defined groups. Such conflicts are often branded "ethnic" conflicts, implying that intolerance is their underlying
cause. While longstanding ethnic tensions can be important,
most are really conflicts over
other issues that have broken
down along ethnic lines, in
which people have turned from
a state that could or would not
meet their needs to the community that they trust to pursue
their interests.
The lesson that the world
community has yet to understand fully is that security is not
primarily a matter of military
preparedness. Peace cannot be
enforced where social and economic conditions fail to sustain
it; it must, instead, be built.
There is a significant relationship between underdevelopment and armed conflict. Societies incapable of meeting their
citizens' needs are the most
vulnerable to breakdown and
conflict; conflict, in turn, does
lasting damage to the political,
social, and economic foundations of stable and prosperous
Global military spending
continued to decline in 1994,
but there has not yet been a
comparable shift in resources
towards building peace. Nor
has the decline in military
spending produced a parallel
decline in the destructiveness
of the conflicts currently underway. Most current conflicts are
fought by low-paid, or unpaid,
soldiers equipped with light,
easily obtainable weapons.
"Small arms," the ones that do
most of the killing on the
planet, are relatively cheap,
and business in small arms is
still booming. In Rwanda,
surely one of the deadliest conflicts the world has witnessed
for some time, AK-47 assault
rifles were reportedly more
common than bicycles in 1994.
Nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons sit at the other
end of the scale of destructive-
South Africa
Bosnia and Herzegovina
— Indonesia
Papua New Guinea
ness. Nuclear weapons have
not been used since the end of
the Second World War 50 years
ago. Many thousands are now
being retired. But more than
enough will remain in the arsenals of the major nuclear
powers to destroy civilization
many times over. Meanwhile
the capability to produce or
otherwise acquire nuclear,
chemical, or biological weaponry is widespread: it is com-
ing within the reach of a growing number of governments
and extremist groups.
Major findings
• The most intense fighting
in 1994 took place in Rwanda
where estimates of the number
of people killed during the
year, mainly civilians, and most
from a minority ethnic group,
range from 500,000 to one million.
Sri Lanka
• Africa remains the most
warring region on the planet,
currently hosting 14 major
armed conflicts and four
• The cost of the 21 UN-
sponsored peacekeeping or enforcement missions in 1994 was
a record $3.8-billion. The
world's total military spending,
however, remained a staggering $750-billion.
• Arms transfers to the Third
World declined again in 1993,
the latest year for which data is
available. The steady drop in
transfers since 1987 is due
mainly to a dramatic decline in
Soviet/Russian transfers. Canadian arms sales to the Third
World remained high in 1993
and Canadian military goods
reached 11 conflicts, direcdy or
indirectly, that year.
For the purposes of the report, a "major armed conflict"
is a political conflict in which
armed fighting between state
military forces - or between one
state and its opponents or inhabitants - has led to at least
1,000 deaths during the course
of that conflict.
By this definition, 39 states
were engaged in major armed
conflicts in 1994 in varying degrees of intensity.
Areas of tension in which
significant fighting occurred
during 1994 - and which may
escalate into major armed conflicts in 1995. These
"flashpoints" include Egypt,
Mali, Mexico, Niger, Nigeria,
and Pakistan.
Source: Project Ploughshares Armed
Conflict Report 1995
Peace loving organizations you can contact for more information
Amnesty International
4-3664 East Hastings,
Vancouver, BC
Ph: 294-5160
Battered Women's Support Services
Box 1098, Postal Station A,
Vancouver, BC
V6C 2T1
Ph: 687-1867  Bus: 687-1868     Fax:687-1864
Provides one-to-one counselling and support groups for battered
heterosexual and lesbian women, as well as information, referrals
and confidentiality. Also provides training of support group facilitators and peer counsellors; and educational workshops for women's
groups, professionals and communities, locally and provincially.
Dating Violence Project offers one-to-one counselling, support groups
and education. Coordinates interdisciplinary Wife Assault Coordinating Committee. A Legal Advocacy Program offers court accompaniment and support. Publishes a quarterly newsletter. Open 9:30
am to 5:00 pm Mondays to Fridays, and until 8:00 pm Wednesdays.
The Canadian Peace Alliance
555 Bloor St. West, Ste. 5,
Toronto, Ontario
M5S 1Y6
Ph: 687-3223 (Peter Coombes)
The Canadian Peace Alliance, Canada's national umbrella coalition for peace-related groups, was founded in 1985 and now boasts
300 member organizations. It has played a key role in organizing
numerous campaigns including the effort to cancel Canada's nuclear-
powered submarine program; to stop low-level military flights; to
end the Gulf War. The Peace Alliance was also facilitator of the
Citizen's Inquiry into Peace and Security and works to cut military
spending and transfer funds to human and environmental needs.
End the Arms Race (ETAR)
232-1282 West 12th Avenue,
Vancouver V6K 2N4
Ph: 736-2366 Fax: 736-2367
The first broad coalition of community organizations representing
church, labour, student, peace, community, professional, ethnic, women
and environmental groups in Vancouver. It maintains a resource centre and organizes campaigns, workshops and educational activities and
the annual Vancouver Walk for Peace. At its height, in 1987, over 100,000
people turned out. ETAR hosted a major symposium on how to create
common security that attracted peace activists from across Canada and
the United States. They coordinated a number of events surrounding
the fiftieth anniversary ofthe bombing of Hiroshima. Currendy, ETAR
is working on campaigns against France's nuclear testing and nuclear
submarines in Georgia Straight. Founded in 1982, ETAR is almost
entirely funded by individual donations.
The Greenpeace Foundation
726 Commercial Drive
Vancouver, BC
Ph: 253-7701
Jubilee Community Centre for Justice and Peace
3821 Lister Street, Burnaby V5G 2B9
Ph: 433-6749 Fax: 435-6808
An ecumenical community serving the needs of Christians called
to justice and peacemaking through community, spiritual nurture,
resources, and networking.
North Shore Women's Counselling Services
North Shore Crisis Services Society
3095 Lonsdale Avenue
Ph: 987-5713       Fax:987-1623
Provides free, professional interim counselling to women who
are, or who have been, abused. Includes sexual assualt, spousal assault and/or childhood sexual abuse). Accepts clients from the North
Shore. Women can self-refer.
Project Ploughshares
Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies
Conrad Grebel College, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G6
Ph: (519) 888-6541      Fax: (519) 885-0014
e-mail: plough@web.apc.org
National peace research, education and advocacy organization with
programs on regional conflict, demilitarization, peace building, disarmament, international arms trade, Canadian defense policy, military production and exports. Supported by national churches, civic
agencies, affiliated community groups, and individuals. Publications:
Ploughshares Monitor (quarterly), Armed Conflicts Report (annual), Briefings and Working Papers (occasional).
Public Education for Peace Society (PEPS)
232-2182 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver V6K 2N4
Ph: 736-2366 Fax: 736-2367
Promotes education about peace, justice and disarmament from a
non-partisan perspective. Operates a resource centre for use by edu-
. cators, peace researchers and members of the general public. Publishes resource books and teacher manuals. Publishes PEACEtimes
five times per year. Hours: 9:00am to 5:00pm Monday to Friday.
Vancouver Rape Relief and Women's Shelter
77 East 20th Avenue Vancouver V5V 1L7
24 hours: 872-8212 Fax: 876-8450
Offers free, confidential support services to women who have
experienced violence against them. Operates a 24-hour crisis line,
Rape Crisis/Women's Organizing Centre and Transition House for
battered women and their children. Provides information, referrals
and education to all callers on the topic of violence against women.
Women Against Violence Against Women
P.O. Box 88584, Chinatown Postal Outlet,
Vancouver V6A 4A7
Crisis: 255-6344 Business: 255- 6228
TTY Access: 254-6268 Fax: 255-3579
Works towards ending violence in the lives of women and children.
Operates a 24-hour crisis line for women and offers individual counseling, support groups, advocacy and accompaniment through medical, police and legal procedures for women who have been sexually
assaulted. Office hours from 10:00am to 5:00pm. Monday to Friday.
peacekeeper or
arms merchant?
Canadian arms industry enjoys record increases
Canadian arms sales to
the Third World jumped by
a record high 40 per cent in
1994, from $242.2 million to
$342.6 million.
During this same period,
sale s to the Third World from
ott^r exporters declined by
almost $3 billion.
• Shipments to, or involving collaboration with the
US are not reported, but
non-US sales rose by 48 per
cent between 1993 ($335.9
million) and 1994 ($497.4
• Canadian exports have
tripled since 1987 while
while global sales declined to
one quarter.
• Canada is now the 7th
largest arms supplier to the
Third World for the period
frojn 1991 to 1994.
•i Twenty-five Third
Wprld nations purchased
more military hardware
from Canada in 1994 than
in 1993.
• Canada exported military
equipment to 34 developing
nat.ons in 1994. Eighteen of
these countries were reported
by Amnesty International for
significant human rights violations, despite Canadian export
control guidelines that call for
close control of arms transfers to
governments with poor human
rights records.
• Canadian export controls
also call for restrictions on arms
sales to countries "involved in
or under imminent threat of
hostilities." Eight countries receiving Canadian military exports were sites for major conflicts in 1994 (Algeria, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Kenya,
Peru, South Africa, and Turkey.
South Africa was under a UN
arms embargo at the time.)
Sales to Algeria jumped from
0 to $6 million between 1993
and 1994.
• While Canada's total (non-
US) military exports increased
48 per cent, the number of Canadian peacekeepers posted
abroad increased 52 per cent.
The federal government apparently sees no contradiction in
pursuing both the international
arms trade and international
source: Ploughshares Monitor,
September 1995pp 1, 3-7
Ploughshares researcher: Ken Epps
Tell the Government of France
that you will not buy French
wines & other imports until it
French Consulate General in Vancouver
The Ubyssey
Friday, November 10,1995
Friday, November 10,1995
The Ubyssey
P3 Peace
BC borders nuclear nightmare
Hanford symbol of deadly Cold War legacy
by Matt Thompson
The world breathed a sigh of
relief when forty years of Cold
War hostilities came to an end.
But ironically, disarmament may
pose an equal or even greater risk
to world safety than the scariest
days of the Cold War.
Over the next decade, the US
and former Soviet Union will dismantle more than 45,000 nuclear
warheads, placing an even greater
strain on disposal sites already
awash in radioactive waste.
And according to UBC political scientist Mike Wallace, the
largest and most dangerous of
these contaminated facilities outside of the former Soviet Union
is just 400 kilometres away.    \
The Hanford nuclear weapons
complex in nearby Eastern Washington State is home to 60 percent of US military radioactive
waste. Approximately one quarter of the size of Prince Edward
Island, the Hanford facility is
charged with disposing of the
most toxic remnants of America's
Cold War nuclear complex.
' The amount of waste already
dumped at Hanford is enormous,
and there are plans to bring even
more. A recent US report proposed that surplus plutonium
from American (and possibly
even Russian) stockpiles be
shipped to Hanford for disposal.
This would involve transporting
and processing over 200 tonnes
of bomb-grade material.
As of yet there is no established
plan to safely dispose of this
waste. Highly enriched uranium
and weapons-grade plutonium,
the two types of material used in
nuclear warheads, are both extremely volatile. Plutonium is
among the most lethal substances
known to science (a single microgram is fatal if inhaled) and while
HEU can be burned away in
nuclear reactors, plutonium is too
dangerous to dispose of this way.
By far the greatest safety threat
to BC, however, is the facility's
177 leaking storage tanks, which
currently contain 190 million
UBC hosts Gwynne Dyer
by Desiree Adib
War historian Gwynne Dyer is
optimistic about the future.
"Most of the world isn't about
blood, fire and massacres," he
told a UBC audience last Tuesday.
Dyer drew international attention from his book and documentary series on war. He has most
recently been involved in the
CBC series 'The Human Race,' an
inquiry into the roots, nature and
future of human politics. His
speech on November 6 was enlightening and hopeful.
After years of analyzing war
and conflict, Dyer is still confident the world is advancing toward a democratically peaceful
"It is difficult to raise your head
above the bad news that television and newspapers are compelled to report," he said, citing
last Saturday's assasination of Israeli Prime Minister Rabin and
the-recent attack on Canadian
Prime Minister Jean Chretien.
But by reversing much of the
"bad news" Dyer manages to
change our fallen view of the
world. "It is sad to say, but in
many ways Rabin's death may
have actually induced peace," he
Dyer also points out that the
latter half of the 20th Century has
seen a solution to many of our old
political problems. The end ofthe
Cold War has virtually eliminated
the threat of nuclear warfare, and
the break up ofthe Soviet Union
occurred with relatively little violence. Middle East wars have
turned into Middle East peace
treaties. The end ofthe apartheid
in South Africa was also relatively
Dyer says the world is democ
ratizing and dictatorships are being brought down, not by weapons but by the ideologies of Martin Luther King and Ghandi.
"Soldiers find it very difficult to
shoot at people who put flowers
in the muzzles of their rifles," he
As democracy spreads the
number of wars decrease, mainly
because democracies seldom go
to war with each other. "If the
Chinese finish what they started
on Tienanmen Square in 1989,
before the end of this decade
we'll enter the 21st Century on a
planet where over 90 per cent of
humanity lives in more or less
democratic societies."
WTiile it's true situations like
Bosnia make it painfully obvious
that all conflict is not over and
may, indeed, never be over, Dyer
reminded his audience that there
is still evidence that humanity is
capable of progress.
THE N REACTOR SITE:the most modern plutonium-production reactor at
litres of the nastiest high-level    Hanford is directly upwind from
waste imaginable.
The majority of these tanks
were constructed during World
War II using substandard steel
and have begun to crack and leak
badly. Attempts to stabilize the
tanks (or even to figure out exactly what's contained in them)
are extremely dangerous, and it's
entirely possible that the tanks
might someday explode.
Wallace estimates such a blast
would have a force equal to approximately 32 tonnes of TNT,
and would send a huge burst of
radioactive vapour and gas into
the     atmosphere.     Because
the Okanagan and the
Kootenays, southern BC residents could be exposed to a lethal mix of radioactive wastes.
Long-term affects of exposure
would include major increases in
cancers, thyroid disease and infertility.
Chances are almost certain
that Hanford has already done in-
calculable damage to the
Northwest's environment. In the
1940s and 50s, plant managers
deliberately released 500,000 curies of radioactive isotopes into
air. The Three Mile Island accident—widely reported as an en-
Holocaust Awareness
Week presented in SUB
Gwynne Dyer speaks at UBC
by Charlie Cho
The theme of this year's Holocaust Awareness Week is "Resistance and Rescue." The programs
were organized by Hillel House
and the Jewish Students' Association (JSA), in conjunction with
the UBC Film Society.
Jewish Students Association
organizers say this year's message
is about "personal responsibility
and how an individual can make
a difference.
"So often you hear about the
negative stuff," Hillel House Organizer Jacob Abraham said.
"We decided to take a more positive view."
On Monday and Tuesday
FilmSoc presented Schindler's List,
the story of Nazi industrialist
Oskar Schindler who saved 1,200
Jews in his Krakow munitions
A panel discussion on Tuesday
dicussed the issue of "Personal
Responsibility during the Holocaust." Panelists included a Danish Humanist and rescuer, a Pentecostal chaplain, a rabbi and a
Polish holocaust survivor.
Over the course of the two
hour discussion panelists dis-
. cussed their personal experiences. Topics included morality,
ethics, personal courage and how
people risk their lives to save others.
A display in the SUB Concourse presented the works of humanitarian individuals who
risked their lives to help others
during the Second World War.
The individuals represented as
heroic rescuers included Sempo
Sugihara, a Japanese consul in
Lithuania who provided thousands of Jews transport visas
through Japan, and Raoul
Wallenberg, a Swedish diplomat
who established "safe houses"
which protected many Jews and
Hungarian citizens.
An example of Jewish, resistance against German Nazis occurred in the Warsaw ghetto. In
one of 25 known uprisings, less
than a hundred youngjewish students banded together in April
1943. Using only crude smuggled
arms, the students managed to
hold off German aircraft and
heavy artillery for 28 days.
The Wave, a 45 minute film on
a high school teacher's demonstration of how easily people can
be swayed by propaganda, will be
shown again on Friday at 12:30
at Hillel House with a discussion
to follow.
vironmental catastrophe-released just 15 to 24 curries of radiation in comparison.
On a single day in 1949, 7000
curies of the radioactive isotope
Iodine-131 were released into the
atmosphere as part of an experimental test. High levels of Iodine-
131 were later detected as far
north as the BC border.
Formal studies to measure the
full scope of damage done by
Hanford are only now under way,
and efforts to assess the full environmental impact have been
hampered by the US
government's refusal to declassify
information. Local residents have
already been found to have a
higher incidence of thyroid disease and cancer, and many eastern Washington residents have
filed major law suits. There has
been no study to determine
whether Canadians have suffered
adverse affects from the contaminated facility. Wallace says a thyroid cancer study here in BC
should be a priority.
Conditions at the facility are
likely to get worse in the future.
Clean-up attempts have been
bogged down by bureacratic and
technical problems, and even
basic maintenance at the site has
The real problem, Wallace
says, is the estimated $300 billion
it will take to permanendy clean
up the site.
The cost conscious US Congress is expected to make further
cuts to Hanford's clean-up and
maintenance budget, and control
over the facility may be transferred from the Department of
Energy to the Department of
Defense, a move Wallace calls
"the bureaucratic equivalent of
putting the fox in charge of the
chicken coup."
British Columbians can only
hope that Hanford somehow
manages to clean up its act or at
the very least keep its contamination south of the border.
The Ubyssey
Friday, November 10,1995 sports
Capilano Rugby Club shuts out T-Birds 32-0
NATIONAL TEAM player Winson Stanley carries the ball in the T-Birds loss to Capilano.
Confident Birds open season
by Peter McMullan
The chill winds of winter swept
across Wolfson Fields for the first
time on November 4, bringing
with them a further indication of
difficult times ahead for the rugby
A 52-19 loss to Meraloma, the
Vancouver first division leaders
the previous week was hard to'
take, but at least UBC came away
from Connaught Park with some
reward for their effort in the
shape of a try in either half.
This time the opposition was
provided by a busy, rather than
brilliant, Capilano selection
which did nearly all the running
to win by a 32-0 margin. The
score fairly reflected the visitors'
overall superiority on the day.
UBC is short on first division
experience at what remains a
comparatively early stage of the
season, and the coaches will no
doubt be prepared to make some
allowances in this regard. They
will be less willing to accept a
by Colin Pereira
The 1995-96 edition of the
UBC women's volleyball team
head into the season with a 17-3
preseason record. The Birds are
currently ranked fourth in the
CIAU coach's poll.
UBC made a dramatic
turnaround last season, as they
finished second in Canada West
with a 9-7 record and earned a
creditable fifth position in the
CIAU championship, just a year
after compiling a dismal 1-15
record. Much of the credit goes
to head coach Doug Reimer who
is returning for a second season
in charge.
Expectations for the team will
certainly be higher for this
year's team, but Reimer is
confident. "We've got a core of
our players back and we're
definitely a competitive team
again," he said.
Among the returnees are
setter Jeannette Guichon,
power hitter Izabela Rudol, and
middle blocker Tanya Pickerell,
all of whom were Canada West
All Stars last year. Middle
blocker Joanne Ross and power
hitters Janna Lunam and
Joanna Haaf will also be back
in blue and gold. The Birds also
have three talented rookies in
the lineup: McKenzie Pateman,
Melanie Griswold and Barb
Bellini were all members ofthe
BC provincial team.
However, the Birds may miss
the presence of Leanne Sander
in the line-up for the duration
of this season. Sander was last
season's Canada West Player of
the Year and a First Team All
Canadian despite missing more
than half of the season after
suffering a knee injury in
January. She had surgery on her
knee in July and will serve as
an assistant coach on the team
while recovering.
"If she really pushed it, she
would be able to be back, but she
decided that she would only play
if she was a hundred percent
healthy," Reimer said. "That
doesn't rule out [Sander] playing,
perhaps after Christmas, but
Basketball (M&W)
Friday, Nov. 10 and
Saturday, Nov 11
at University of Alberta
Friday, Nov. 10 and
Saturday, Nov 11, 7:30 pm
vs Calgary Dinosaurs
T-Bird Sports Centre
(Nov. 11, CiTR 101.9 FM)
Saturday, Nov. 11, 2:30 pm
vs Vancouver Reps
Brockton Oval, Stanley Park
Women's Soccer
Nov. 9 to 12
CIAU Championships
Carleton University, Ottawa
Saturday, Nov. 11, 6:00 pm
vs Washington Huskies
UBC Aquatic Centre
Volleyball (M&W)
Friday, Nov. 10 and
Saturday, Nov 11
vs Alberta Golden Bears
War Memorial Gym
below par effort in other critical
aspects of the game, specifically
a paper-thin defence, with far too
many tackles missed and a fatal
inability to maintain possession
of the ball in contact.
Things went wrong from the
very start with Capilano scoring
four tries to lead 20-0 at the half,
adding two more playing against
the slope in the second half. They
fell short when it came to goal kicking, managing only one conversion from six attempts, while UBC
outside-half Ian Stewart was off
target with two penalty opportunities, one in either half.
With pace outside largely neglected, the Birds too often picked
the wrong option in trying to drive
the ball close to the scrum where
Capilano are strongest. Under the
circumstances, and with a team
that lacks forward muscle and technique, more use has to be made of
the backs, as was the case in the
64-12 defeat of Brittania Lions last
more likely she'll be back in a
year from now."
The T-Birds will have a much
tougher schedule this season as
a result of interlocking play
between Canada West and the
Great Plains conference (GPAC).
The additions of the Winnipeg
Wesmen and the Manitoba
Bisons to the T-Bird regular
season slate means that five ofthe
eight teams in Canada West-
GPAC are ranked in the top ten
in the country.
UBC will open its Canada West
regular season this weekend as
they host the Alberta Pandas at
War Memorial Gym. The Pandas
are the defending Canada West
and CIAU champions, and are
currently the top-ranked team in
the country.
Izabela Rudol is a doubtful
starter for the T-Birds after
sustaining an ankle injury last
Last Thursday in White Rock,
the two teams met in preseason
play, with Alberta defeating
UBC in 5 sets.
CANADA WEST MVP Heidi Slaymaker and her teammates are at Carleton
University this weekend for the CIAU womens soccer championships.
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Open Saturdays
Friday, November 10,1995
The Ubyssey sports
CIAU hockey players overlooked and underrated
by Grant Robertson
REGINA (CUP) - Less than
an hour before the puck drops on
the opening game of the season,
Steve Rucchin sits silently in the
visitor's dressing room of the
Winnipeg Arena.
Tugging his XXL jersey over
his 6'3", 210 lb frame, he doesn't
look out of place beside 1995 's
rookie sensation Paul Kariya, or
any of his other Mighty Ducks
But Rucchin is different.
Only one year prior to making
his NHL debut, Rucchin was a
22-year-old centre playing in his
fourth year of Canadian
university hockey. Surprising
since traditional beliefs say
Canadian university hockey
players aren't supposed to be
NHL material.
"I kind of preceded their plans
for me," Rucchin says of his
success with the Ducks. "I don't
think Anaheim were planning on
me stepping in like I did last year
and playing on a regular basis."
"I don't even think they
expected me to be on their
opening night roster my second
year to be honest with your. And
you can't blame them,
considering where I came from."
Where Rucchin came from is
the   University   of   Western
"[The CIAU] is
really the only thing
that has prepared
me for playing in
the NHL"
—Mighty Duck
Steve Rucchin
Ontario Mustangs of the
Canadian Inter-University
Athletic Union (CIAU). As a
player from the CIAU, few
people expected Rucchin to
make the transition to the big
leagues, let alone make an impact
in his rookie season.
People familiar with CIAU
hockey are quick to point out the
inaccuracy of this stigma. "The
league is definitely underrated," said
University of Calgary Dinosaurs
head coach, Tim Bothwell.
"People don't give us credit for
the quality of hockey we play,
plain and simple. There's this
perception that [the CIAU] is not
good hockey or it's not important
hockey or hockey that you really
wand to watch. I'm not sure how
that developed but it's definitely
incorrect," says Bothwell, who
went from the US college ranks
with Brown University to a
lengthy NHL career with the
New York Rangers, St. Louis
Blues, and Minnesota Northstars.
"In terms of entertainment and
quality of hockey [the CIAU] is
as good as any league," says
Bothwell. "The guys play fast and
hard with lots of contact and a
good level of skill."
Players like Rucchin and other
CIAU success stories are
beginning to change the
conventional views of Canadian
university hockey. Despite not
being a developmental league for
the NHL in the traditional sense
of the term, Canadian university
hockey has produced a few rather
successful NHLers to date.
Randy Gregg, a five time
Stanley Cup winner with the
Edmonton Oilers' dynasty ofthe
early '80s, also led the University
of Alberta Golden Bears to two
Former CIAU Players
now in the NHL
Mike Ridley
Todd Elik
U. Regina
Randy Gregg
U. Alberta
Brent Severyn
U. Alberta
NY Isles
Mike Kennedy
Steve Rucchin
W. Ontario
Stu Grimson
Left Wing
Cory Cross
U. Alberta
Tampa Bay
DOUG AST returned the T-Birds after playing roller hockey for the Vancouver VooDoo this summer.
consecutive national tides in 1978
and 1979.
All-star Centre Mike Ridley,
now with the Vancouver
Canucks, was a CIAU all-
Canadian in 1984 and 1985 with
the University of Manitoba
Bisons before making the jump
to the NHL. Ridley led the New
York Rangers in scoring in his
rookie season.
Gritty offensive forward Todd
Elik of the Boston Bruins, was
once a member ofthe University
of Regina Cougars. Elik led the
Cougars in scoring in 1987 before
signing as a free agent with
Colorado of the IHL later that
same year.
Even though the traditional
labels attached to Canadian
university hockey portray it as a
league that doesn't have the
capacity to develop players for
the NHL level, Rucchin credits
his years at Western Ontario as
the decisive factor which made
him an NHL player.
"It's an extremely good league
and I just have so much respect for it
now," Rucchin says. "After playing
four years and seeing first hand
exacdy how difficult it was to play
there and how much skill there was
out there, I would definitely say the
CIAU is underrated."
"[The CIAU] is really the only
thing that has prepared me for
playing in the NHL," Rucchin
adds, "and it has obviously done
that job pretty well."
Last season, as an NHL rookie
fresh from being named CIAU
player of the year with the
Mustangs, Rucchin garnered
league-wide acclaim for his
defensive impact. People began
to take notice of Rucchin as he
led the Mighty Ducks in plus-
minus, with a +7 — a statistic
which says as much about a
player's defensive abilities as it
does his offensive prowess.
Both of these skills Rucchin not
only forged, but refined playing
Canadian university hockey.
"When I first saw Steve, he was
typical of a young player," said
Reg Higgs, an assistant coach
with Western Ontario.
"It took actually the whole four
years to make him into a complete
player where he could play sound
defensively and make use of the
other players and respond to what
they were doing offensively."
Nowadays Rucchin is
responding to some of the best
players of the world, game in and
game out, and holding his own
in the process.
Though ignored by media and
under-appreciated by fans,
successful Canadian university
players like Rucchin have brought
added attention to the league in
terms of how much the games get
scouted by other leagues.
"I talk to a lot of NHL scouts
and they cover our league," says
Bothwell. "They are there and
they are watching because they
can't afford not to."
"They want to find that one
guy in our league that maybe
everyone else has missed because
it's so hard to find players now."
Former University of Alberta
Golden Bear Cory Cross is
another CIAU success story.
Cross, a sophomore
defenseman with the Tampa Bay
Lightning remembers his
Canadian university days fondly
as he suits up for another NHL
game, the 49th of his young
career. He played in Alberta for
three seasons, when they won the
national championship in 1992.
"People are only now starting
to see university hockey as a pretty
good league for players who are
late bloomers to come into their
own in the CIAU and maybe
move on into the pro ranks."
"Everything I know, came
from playing university hockey."
In addition to Rucchin and
Cross, Mike Kennedy ofthe Dallas
Stars, Brent Severyn of the New
York Islanders, and John LeBlanc
of the Winnipegjets are all prime
examples of recently graduated
CIAU players who have made
significant contributions to NHL
clubs in the past few years. As the
NHL expands, it seems to be
making room for selected
Canadian university players
which, in the end, is good for the
league's exposure.
However, Rucchin and Cross
will both attest to the
astonishment of their peers when
"I talk to a lot of
NHL scouts and
they cover our
—Calgary Dino
coach Tim Bothwell
their teammates learn of their
hockey background.
"There's a lot of guys that are
surprised," says Cross. "They're
surprised that I only played
Canadian university hockey and
nowhere else."
"A lot of players didn't think that
the CIAU was that good of a league
because there's not many guys in the
pros that come from there."
Rucchin gets the same sort of
reaction from his teammates.
"They're pretty amazed to see
a guy coming out of Canadian
university hockey and being able
to play in the NHL," he says.
"I get joked about it from my
teammates all the time. You
know, it's not the norm."
Tonight, though, no one is
joking in regards to Steve
The physical presence,
infamous for having a bit of a
mean streak in him, notches two
points, a goal and one assist, as
his Mighty Ducks fall short of
victory in a 4-3 loss to the Jets.
As the numerous spectators file
out of Winnipeg arena Rucchin
returns to the ice, being named
one of the game's three-star
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Friday, November 10, 1995


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