UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Summer Ubyssey Jul 23, 1992

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Native women's programme seeks help
by Frances Foran
FirstNations communities
will fight to save an employment programme for Native
women whose funding was
axed by the federal government
last month, said Darlene Kelly,
a coordinator with Urban Images for Native Women.
"We have not accepted
this," said Kelly, who added
that the United Native Nations
has vowed to make it a priority
to maintain the programme.
NDP Status of Women
critic Dawn Black (New
Westminister-Burnaby) has
written to Employment Minister Bernard Valcourt asking
for a reconsideration of the
funding cuts.
Employment and Immigration's Job Strategies Operations decided not to renew
the $360,000 grant after an
advisory board reported the
programme did not meet the
criteria of placing 75 per cent
of graduates in jobs. Urban
Images has been denied appeal of the decision, said Canadian Job Strategies manager Chris Campbell.
Campbell said by Employment and Immigration's standards, Urban Images was not
a success.
"Employment and Immigration's mandate is making
people more employable, and
we ask for employment training. It is not fair that Native
women go into this programme
expecting a job at the end and
not get one."
Campbell said Urban Images is just one of many
programmes designed to aid
disadvantaged groups, and
most of them are meeting the
employment quota. The two
other provincial employment
programmes for Natives—one
for men and one for youths—
are unaffected by the decision
to end funding for Urban Images.
"The participation of Aboriginal peoples and women in
Canadian Jobs Strategies
programmes have declined
steadily since 1987," Black
"It's absolutely appalling,"
she said. "Why are they cutting funding to the most disadvantaged groups in our society? The long term costs far
exceed whatever is spentnow."
Urban Images was
founded eight years ago by a
group of Native women concerned about their specific
challenges and the problem of
women ending up on the
streets, Kelly said. Since then,
almost 400 women have been
through the six-month
programme, and 50 are on a
waiting list.
"These women are dealing
with the effects of residential
schools, child abuse, and spousal abuse. Many ofthe women
in the programme are single
mothers on social assistance,
then they have to go home and
counsel their children," Kelly
Because of these other issues involved in Native
women's lives, Kelly said that
an important part of the
programme is its holistic approach to work, and offering
the women personal support
as well as employment training.
Urban Images graduates
have gone on to the Native
Indian Teacher Education
Programme at UBC, to UBC's
school of social work and to
acting, among other occupations.
Kelly said the government's
criteria for receiving funding is
biased and disregards the special needs of Native women.
"Native women have never
been asked what they think
the criteria should be. In the
eyes of the government our
programme is unsuccessful because we don't meet their criteria. But we can't believe the
growth we see in these women
when they come out of their
shells. Those women are successful because they move
ahead in their personal lives."
Kelly said Urban Images
has been instructed to close its
office on August 10, the day the
present class graduates.
Student governments hassle campus radio stations
by Rick Hiebert
The shutting down of the
University of Regina student
radio station, CKUR, is part of
a growing trend of student governments hassling campus radio, station volunteers say.
CKUR was shut down May
13 by the U of R student government. The manager and
staff of the station were fired
and the station, which provided
alternative music and news to
the campus, was "shut down
During the past year, the
student radio station at Acadia
university in Nova Scotia was
also shut down. The student
government at Ryerson Poly-
technical Institute in Toronto
tried to pull their funding grant
to CKLN and the University of
New Brunswick's student gov
ernment tried to replace the
democratically selected station
manager at the station there.
All these incidents are unnerving to the National Campus and Community Radio Association (NCRA), the umbrella
group for campus radio stations.
"It's a real problem," said
former NCRA president Nadine
Gelineau at their conference in
Vancouver earlier this month.
"It is especially bad at stations like at the University of
Reginabecause they are a small
low power station. Small stations are abused the worst by
transient student governments
because they have the least resources to appeal to the outside
Unfortunately, Gelineau
said, CKUR didn't let other
stations know it was in trouble
before the shutdown.
Linda Scholten, station
manager ofthe UBC radio station CiTR, said her only warning that the U of R radio station
was in trouble came when that
university's post office sent a
form letter in June asking CiTR
to stop sending mail to CKUR
because the station no longer
Delegates to the radio conference were sad about the end
of the station, especially since
CKUR was preparing to make
a bid for a license from the
Canadian Radio andTelevision
Commission (CRTC) to broadcast across Regina when the
station was killed by the U of R
student government.
Katherine Miller of the
University of New Brunswick
radio station CHSR said, "Unfortunately, it seems as if
there's not a lot that we can do
about the Regina situation now.
If they are getting rid of the
equipment, it is unlikely that
they will have a station again,
at least in the near future."
Fans of UBC's radio station have little to fear that CiTR
will be shut down, station
manager Linda Scholten said.
CiTR has a CRTC "high power*
license that allows broadcast
all over the city and a growing
listener base, which would
make it much harder to shut
down or hassle than smaller
radio stations.
"CiTR is much more secure
than CKUR and we also get
along much better with our
student government than they
did at Regina," she said.
Food co-op combats poverty
by Lucho van Isschot
You can get (almost) anything you want at Alice's General Store.
Alice's General Store, located at 33 West Cordova, is a
cooperative food market run by
and for residents ofVancouver's
Downtown Eastside.
Alice's opened its doors
more than a year ago as a part
of the Downtown Eastside
Residents Association's
(DERA) job development
"This is a job development
programme, which I like because it provides education to
people," said Jenny Campbell,
the store manager.
Alice's was set up to provide its customers with nutritional information and a place
to drop by, as well as low-cost
food and household products,
Campbell said.
60 to 80 people shop at
Alice's everyday. Some people
come in to buy a few days' worth
of groceries, while others may
just come in to buy a bag of tea
and a teaspoon of sugar,
Campbell said.
"We get quite a few people
in here every day. Welfare day
is especially busy," Campbell
Ken Smith, who was hired
by DERA to help Alice's become a viable, autonomous coop explained, "There's a lot of
folks in this area looking for
the best prices. And most of our
customers come in just to say
hello and to talk."
Campbell hopes that Alice's
will be seen as a friendly, accessible place to shop.
"A lot of our customers are
treated badly at other stores—
sometimes up to the point of
being thrown out," Smith said.
Alarge percentage of Alice's
products are bought locally, in
the Downtown Eastside itself.
"We are very much community oriented. We try to get
most of our products from this
area," Campbell said.
Eventually, Campbell
hopes Alice's will also provide
delivery service to home-bound
"Things are starting to
come along in that direction.
But we don't have the volunteers to do the driving and delivery right now," Smith said.
Alice's is currently looking
to acquire a freezer and a refrigerator—sothey can provide
their customers with frozen
foods and fresh meat.
Friendly faces and pleasant prices await customers at 33 W. Cordova Street
founded in 1918
Vancouver, B»C., Thursday, July 23,1992 Vol n, No 2 Classifieds 822-3978
RATES: AMS Card Holders • 3 lines, $3.15, additional lines, 63cents, commercial - 3 lines, $535, additional lines
80 cents. (10% discount on 25 issues or more) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 3:30p.m., two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T1Z1, 822-3978.	
11 - FOR SALE (Private)
SHELF UNIT $20, toaster $10,
iron $10, desk lamp $10, clip-on
lamps $5. Andrew Storm 224-7060/
30 - JOBS
setting standards in the design,
development, manufacture and
marketing of world class instrumentation power supplies and associated power conversion products.
Above all else, you must have the
correct attitude. You must be
prepared to respond to customers'
requirements and represent the
company's capabilities responsibly.
A technical background and
training in marketing concepts
should be considered as assets. If
you are familiar with MS Windows
based programs, and comfortable
using computers you will require
less on-the-job training.
Please forward your resume, in
confidence, to: Xantrex Technology
Inc., 1584 Fell Avenue, North
Vancouver, B.C. V7P 3E7, or Fax
(604)984-9758. Attention: Michael
Rodger, Inside Sales Manager.
RESPONSIBLE, N/S prof, couple
looking to housesit, Sept. Will
garden and look after pets. References avail. 255-4706.
PROFESSIONAL typist, 30 years
thesis. Student rates. Dorothy,
Complete Hair Service, Suntanning,
Electrolysis and Waxing
5784 University Boulevard Phone 224-1922
1 Block from the S.U.B. in the village 224-9116
Summer school stress?
Confused about APA, MLA or
thesis requirements?
Does your resume need a
professional touch?
Don't panic.
will do it for you!
Room 60, SUB (Across from
Summer hours:
M-F, 10 am - 5 pm
Drop in or call 822-5640
Will type term papers,
documents, theses on WP. 5.1
Rate: $Z50/page or $13.00/hr.
Will pick up & deliver
Contact Mary @ 599-5485
Leave message.
Home-style Restaurant
• Soups
• S.iiulwit hi's
• Burners, Quit ho \ Pr-s
• C.ippun ino-*- \ Di'ssrrts
UBC Village • 224-5615
2134 West P<irkw.iy
Deadline for submissions:
Mondays at 3:30pm.
Notes "Noon"= 12:30 pm.
July 22nd - August 1st
UBC Summer Players.Summer
Stock Theatre Season "Cabaret"
Thurs.&Sats."House of Blue
Leaves"Weds.&Fris.$8/studs, $10/
aduIts.8pm,Freddy Wood Theatre
Friday. July 24th
Grad Stud. Soc. "Two Left Feet"
(formerly: The Spin Doctors). $3,
8pm Koerner House (beside Faculty Club).
r.c. First Nations Longhouse
Actually, there were seven artists, not five
involved in the project.
r.e. Documenting the rise of the right
Martin Robin did not actually investigate
local bigots-eds mistake.	
Unique Traditional Chinese
s^~^S    Omkin1*, on Campus
1(1".. DISCOL\T
tin c.ls/* \mk-up order-
2\A2 Wextern Park\va\,
• Quality Italian dishes, barbeques,
subs and salads.
• Close to campus
• Free delivery to UBC & Point Grey
2136 Western Parkway in the Village
Open 11 am - midnight
and the Summer Session
p s- -ft a, ry    diiu iiieouimiiei j>e
r<?&> aN ^    students' Associat
t ;i~#x
J' flx?\ -I
Live Bands
Mon - Fri, 12:30 -1:30
iivin -.'-V**
Thurs. July 23 Fantazea
Fri. July 24 Phoenix Jazzers
Mon. July 27 Don Ogilvie Trio
Tues. July 28 Sounds of Brass
Wed. July 29 Craig Scott Quartet
SUB South Plaza
Inside SUB (if raining)
Bring your lunch and a friend
Free feature
film series
7:30 PM, IRC #2
July 23.1992 y'/^"/>
7itt}ijisV?<r  ^AtA.
UBC First Nations Longhouse:
a step in a positive direction
by Lucho van Isschot
The FirstNations Longhouse
at UBC is a tribute to the work of
First Nations students and
teachers in western Canada. And
while the construction of the
Longhouse is cause for celebration, a lot remains to be done
towards making UBC accessible
to First Nations people.
"This is only the beginning.
It is only that we have a place
said Verna Kirkness, director of
the First Nations House of
According to Kirkness, there
are approximately 250 First Nations students currently attending UBC. She hopes by the year
2000 there will be at least 1000
First Nations students at UBC.
"It is difficult for people
coming from small villages, from
different cultures, to come to a
campus likeUBC,"Kirkness said.
The Longhouse will provide
First Nations people from across
saves time
by Morgan Maenling
Woodward Biomedical
Library's new MedLine computerized index promises to increase
accessibility to the world's major
medical-related literature.
The computerized system
saves time and effort, and may
save lives by providing quicker
access to the full scope of medical
literature available.
It also provides cross-referencing capabilities in order to allow users access to related and
more specific topics.
"The advantage to this system is that it allows you to combine two concepts so you don't
have tomariually scan them," said
academic assistant Jim
Previously, if someone were
searching for a research paper on
basal-cell carcinoma in diabetic
mice, they would manually have
to index basal-cell carcinoma and
then diabetic mice. Then they
wouldhave to cross-reference vir-
tuallyall the indexes coveringthe
journals and publications on the
first floor of Woodward library.
include a synopsis of a particular
abstracts' content, said Jim
The system is a response to
an enormous demand. Since 1988
there have beenalmost 1.5 million
medical-related articles written.
"The system is not fully operational yet, but we think we've
got all the bugs out now. We're
just testing it to make sure," said
reference librarian Dan Heino.
The $250,000 price tag for
MedLine was paid from various
grants including $100, OOOcoming
from the Kinsmen foundation.
StandAlone was the computerized system that was in use
until the end of 1988 and continues to be used as an ancillary
The original database has
been compiled since 1966andnow
indexes over 3000 journals in
conjunction with the new
MedLine system installed at the
end of January. MedLine is accessible at 20 major work stations
and eight "Dial-A-Posts," both on
and off campus.
Canada a place to meet. Having a
First Nations conference and resource centre on campus may encourage more First Nations people
to come work and study at UBC,
Kirkness said.
In addition to conference facilities, the Longhouse will house a
library, a daycare centre, a lounge
and several offices.
The Longhouse will be the new
home ofthe first Nations House of
Learning and the Native Indian
Teacher Education Programme.
In addition to serving the needs
of First Nations people, the
Longhouse will be an accessible resources centre for all UBC students,
Kirkness said.
about First Nations education at
UBC will be available there. People
will be able to come there to find
First Nations people, to ask questions and to learn," she said.
Local artist and UBC student
Ke-Ki-in (Ron Hamilton) expresse d
his hope that the Longhouse may
help build bridges of understanding between First Nations and non-
native peoples at UBC.
"There is a great need for understanding ... in this province
which was built on racism," he
At a housepost raising ceremony on Friday, July 17, Ke-Ki-
in paid tribute to the seven First
Nations artists who contributed to
the Longhouse. In doing so, he reminded ah attentive audience that
the construction of such a facility
at UBC is long overdue.
The Longhouse cannot be seen
as a "gift" to First Nations people,
nor can it be seen as compensation
for the racism which exists in BC,
Ke-Ki-in said.
"The coming together of these
generous people and these talented
people is a good opportunity to
create something better than what
this province has been," he said.
The Longhouse should be finished by this November, and it
should be fully functional by January..
According to Kirkness, however, another $850,000 must be
raised before the Longhouse can
be completed.
"We really want to raise that
last $0.85 million. Whaf s in jeopardy here, if we dont get it, is the
daycare centre. It may not be
completed. I am really concerned
about the daycare, because I am
sure everyone knows that UBC
doesn't provide adequate daycare,"
Kirkness said.
"We have been appealing to
the federal government, but they
have been reluctant thus far,"
she said.
Artists create a piece of history
-la" ajS*/1
Haida artist Don Yeomans at work on roof beam, credit: first nations house of learning
Seven First Nations artists from around BC
were involved in the construction of the UBC
First Nations Longhouse.
"You have, in this First Nations House of
Learning, the creation of some of the greatest
artistic hands in the country. Great effort and
intellect has gone into this work, This is not the
work of simple people," said Ke-Ki-in.
The four houseposts and the two carved roof
beams—which are integral to the structure of
the Longhouse—were carved by Susan Point,
Lyle Wilson, Rodney and Chief Walter Harris,
Ken McNeil, Stan Bevan and Don Yeoman.
"These carvers will be remembered for hundreds and hundreds of years," said Elder Simon
Baker, who gave a brief address at the housepost
raising ceremony.
The large and somewhat unconventional
structure of the Longhouse was designed by
Larry McFarland Architects.
The Longhouse is a modern stylization of a
Coast Salish design," said David Wilkinson, of
Larry McFarland Architects. "And it was only in
talking, talking, talking, and in asking appropriate questions that we came to this design."
The site for the Longhouse was carefully
chosen for very specific reasons, Wilkinson said.
The building was sited so that it corresponds to where the sun rises and sets, not to the
white man's compass points."
"Siting the building that way has already
broken up the boring grid of the existing campus—giving the impression, perhaps, that [the
longhouse] existed before the rest of the campus," Wilkinson said.
Committee investigates
barriers to advanced education
by Paula Wellings
On May 14, 15 strangers sat
down together to fill out BC Student Loan Application Forms. Each
person took on the role of a student
needing money to attend a post-
secondary school—a role not too far
from reality for some. When the
forms were completed andreviewed,
only twoappli cants receivedenough
money to attend school.
With this exercise, the Review
of BC Student Assistance and Barriers to Post-Secondary Participation committee began a study that
has found the present loan
programme inadequate.
Throughout the past two
months, the committee composed of
representatives from colleges and
universities, End Legislated Poverty, the Education liaison Director of Shuswap Nation Tribal Council, the BC Educational Association
of Disabled Students and financial
aid workers, has met to consider
the problems of access into post-
secondary institutions.
The committee will produce a
report to present to the minister of
advanced education Tom Perry in
September. The committee expects
its research and proposals will be
used in the 1993-94 school year.
Maria McVicar, UBC Coordinator of External Affairs and
committee member, said, "I think
we have offered a lot of good recommendations. We are hoping we will
be taken seriously."
"We've realized that single
students are living over $500 a
month below the poverty line on
the maximum loan allowance," sai d
Jaqui Best, committee member and
BC Chair ofthe Canadian Federation of Students.
Among    the    committee's
•The BC Student Assistance
Programme is not helpful to the
recent influx of "non-traditional"
students into post-secondary education.
•Minimum course load requirements often excludes working parents from attending post-
secondary school.
•Alack of inter-ministerial coordination with regards to income
assistance can make it difficult for
a person receiving government assistance to gain a student loan.
•An equalization payment
plan which covers only the first two
years of post secondary education
means those returning to school
will face much higher loan payments.
The committee also took into
consideration attitudinal barriers
to post-secondary education. In
July 23,1992
addition to the report to the ministry of advanced education, the
committee will publish a report to
high school principals and college
and university presidents that addresses racism, homophobia, ageism, and disabled accessibility.
The committee looked at the
issues of housing, child care, and
low wages as other barriers to post-
secondary education.
The student loan form and
the need for more resources to
help students fill it out also came
under scrutiny.
Nervous that her application
would not be accepted, McVicar
turned her own loan form in 10
days late this year.
"Even myself, knowing as
much as I do about the process,
was scared to death because I was
afraid I wasn't going to get
any money."
by Ellen Pond
Lee Pui Ming wails and screeches into her piano, Rhiannon
calmly walks around to the other end, leans over, and responds. Two
women howl into the soundbox of a grand piano, feet and legs
sticking out; two women sing back and forth to each other, voices
gliding, whooping, howling and calling out.
Sal Ferreras starts talking rhythms, Rhiannon and David Essig
join in, Lee Pui Ming lays her sounds on top. All four people talking
their own stuff, emotions pour out, and then it is just Lee Pui Ming,
speaking to us all in Chinese. And Sal Ferreras starts off another
rhythm on another piece of percussion.
"Further! Improvisations & Avant-Garde"
Vancouver International Folk Festival
Sunday, July 19
by Beck Bishop
Folk Festival '92. It was hot.
And when I say hot, I mean really
really hot. But the music was
pretty good too, despite a mostly
unknown lineup.
One could not begin to do a
review of the entire fest, so I will
mention some of the highlights as
I came across them over the
three days.
Sunshine. Yep. That was the
first highlight. By Sunday
however, it had also claimed
some to heat stroke, and left its
mark on my nose. A friend spent
Sunday at stage two because ft
was In the shade. But he said
everything was great, not a single
vomltous act.
This workshop made the festival for me. Rather than having
each person perform/play one or two pieces, as in the other workshops, these four musicians improvised together for 50 minutes.
Each of them brought amazing musical talents and the resulting
cooperation became a small miracle.
Lee Pui Ming of Toronto plays, bangs on, hits the strings of, and
wails into her piano. Although classically trained, she uses to whole
instrument to create sound: the piano comes alive.
California-based Rhiannon, trained in jazz and theatrics, sings,
plays a bowl, and talks in English and sounds. During the workshop,
she would sing-talk in her own language and then suddenly speak
clearly about a small incident that her expressive voice would make
important, building up and then dying away.
David Essig plays a mean guitar and, working with the others,
interjected bits of "traditional" folk songs—often answered by
Rhiannon's improvised verse. Sal Ferreras, a percussionist based in
Vancouver, plays a seemingly endless supply of instruments.
This workshop provided my best experience at this year's
Festival; i left exhilarated, wishing someone had been taping the
event. Maybe Lee Pui Ming and Rhiannon will collaborate
someday...that would be a performance to hear and a recording to
Lee Pui Ming's recording "Ming" and Rhiannon's latest recording "Toward Home," as well as others, are available at the Folk Fest
Office (and hopefully elsewhere too!!!). *■
I, however, persisting in the
sun, enjoyed the likes of Veda
Hille, Vancouver singer,
accordionist and cabaret\jazz
pianist extraordinaire; The House
Band, a traditional UK Celtic band
also comfortable doing Flemish
waltzes and Elvis Costello covers;
Ani DiFranco, Buffalo NY poet,
guitarist and singer; and the
Barely Works, a mad and
exuberant bunch from England
with tubas & trombones, banjos,
Addles, accordions, and much
Not a complete list by any
means of the best of the fest, but
highlights of my own particular
weekend. With six stages going
simultaneously, twenty different
people could have twenty
different weekends. Pick and mix,
or see the same acts repeatedly,
When your hunger just won't quit, beat it with a
Subway Club. It's loaded with ham, turkey, roast beef
and free fixin's. Look out wimpy burgers. Subway's
Club is the serious weapon against big appetites.
$100 OFF
Just follow them from stage to
stage (as many did, following
DiFranco and Hille).
Veda Hille Is a Vancouver
special from the east side with
one of the best voices I have
heard In a while. She professes to
be Into Jazz in a big way, but
burlesque \ cabaret seemed to pop
into my mind during her
performances. Gentle on the piano
she is not. There is life and power
to her performances. Fortunately
her hippie band was only on main
stage Friday night. She performed
solo or with other performers the
rest of the fest. If you hear of a
performance in the city, I would
highly recommend her.
Anl DiFranco, also a powerful
performer, was a great success. A
gig at the Railway was scheduled
after the success of her main
stage performance Friday night.
DiFranco plays a mean guitar with
fingers covered in electricians'
tape. She must go through a lot of
strings. For more on her, read our
last Issue. I like her. I reviewed
her last week. Yep.
Who else?
past my line limit, so I
that the Barely Works
they are gone, so you lost out.
The House Band was great too.
Lack of creative adjectives, but
that's what they were. You can
get recorded Jigs and reels and
great traditional teary Celtic
ballads. You can't see them, so
you might buy their stuff (sight
unheard on my advice? Well
And the sun. I mentioned
that, but sun is a good thing. So
Is sunscreen. I'd recommend lots
If next year you go. But you have
lots of time to prepare...
hts (or, the
ubyssey vortex)
by Yukie Kurahashi
How am I supposed to write a
bloody news article if none of my contacts
phones me back, dammit!?
While I've been waiting for that
(very watched) phone to ring, I was flipping
through die reams and reams of news
releases and press packages that make their
merry way into this hallowed office—
Uh...some really weird stuff here.
No, I mean REALLY trippy.
Endless occasions for lugubrious what's-
Take, for example, this: four
glossy 4"x8.5" press release type things
from the Surrey Art Gallery, for an exhibit
entitled Vehicles of Desire: Muscle Car as
I kid you not.
The promo copy reads, "Before
emission controls and the gas crunch the
muscle car reigned in the hearts, minds and
garages of North America's youth. This
exhibition takes an unusual look at these
cars as art, as metaphors of power and as a
culture within themselves."
I thought at first some avant garde
counterculture art company was being
facetious. I laughed out loud. I ran around
die office showing everyone my big find—
and most of them thought it was a joke, too,
at first. A couple of people even made
some very politically incorrect anti-
suburbanistic comments.
And so here we have a pseudo-
religious exhibition/worship of gas-guzzling
penis extenders of all sorts, funded
This is where office hilarity
reached its peak.
Included on the list of financial
contributors for this exhibition are the
cultural services division of yer friendly
neighbourhood ministry of tourism and die
ministry responsible for culture.
I'd like to know what kind of
culture this is, please, which idolizes icons
so emblematic of the artificial manufacture
and location of social power according to
(male) potency and covetous materialism.
It's such a neat paradigm of the
twisted honor which is contemporary north
american middle class life, isn't it?
"The car IS the culture, and even
if you don't drive, you've got a relationship
with it somewhere,'" says one of the
exhibiting photographers.
..And you were trying to deny the
overt sexual symbolism of cars in this
context, weren't you? "Just steel and
chrome and rubber," you say?
I'm sure we've all been made to
feel like voyeurs, watching an up-and-
coming macho grunt oh so lovingly
polishing his beloved voiture.
That ecstatic, orgasmic expression
on his face—
Anyway. Just thought you'd want
to know where some of your tax billions
have been going lately.
Meanwhile, I'm still willing the
phone to ring, please, ring...!
| 5736
I 222-0884
_ (IN THE VILLAGE)   ofo, Expires Aug 07/92 Valid at this location only               luam-zam           _
U.B.C. Thunderbird
Winter Sports Centre      822-6121
6066 Thunderbird Blvd.   822-6125
UBC Campus
At The Winter Sports Centre
Try Us For Lunch And A Change
Of Scenery
• Daily luncheon specials
■ Banquet facilities available to
suit any budget
Bar And Kitchen Open
Monday-Friday At 11:00 A.M.
Short films stand out
by Carol Farrell
Short films have rarely been accorded
the much-deserved venue offered to
their feature length counterparts.
One and a half years in the making, the
International Festival of Short Films has
given nine films, ranging from eight to 20
minutes in length, their diance in the lime
Unfortunately, none of these films were
made by women.         "	
International Festival of Short Films
The Ridge
until July 19th
Safari Holiday (USA 1989) directed by
Michael Schmidt was the least bizarre ofthe
A 15-year-old boy's sweaty attempts at
seducing an attractive college sophomore are
thwarted by the unexpected appearance of
his well-meaning mother who still views her
son as a child, more interested in his pet
tortoise than women.
The tortoise, which he frees at the end,
is symbolic ofthe childhood he wants to leave
The Childeater (Great Britain 1989) directed by Jonathan Tammuz is a dark film
about an 8-year-old girl sent to stay on a
remote Welsh farm. She suspects her Uncle
Stefano of being responsible for the disappearance of a local girl.
Filmed on location in South Wales and
nominated for an Academy Award, this was
the most beautiful in terms of setting and the
most mysterious in terms of plot
Metamorphosis (B&W Canada 1975),
directed by Barry Greenwald is a high-paced
film depicting an ordinary middle-aged man
who completely dresses and undresses every
morning while riding the elevator to his work
He adds something more to his ritual
every month until he is able to undress, make
toast, drink coffee, read a newspaper, and
brush his teeth, yet still appear completely
"ordinary* when he exits from the elevator.
The film increases in tempo to emphasize his fi-anticritual which finally kills him—
reflecting the ridiculousness of high paced
modern living.
Themostbizarreofthe films was Rushes
(New Zealand 19B8) directed by Gregor Nicholas. Ifs about obsession and how far people
will go in search of their unique highs.
directed by Rich Hays-Loyola Marymount is a
story abouthowayounger brother is terrorized
by his older brother Ralph, while their mother
is outwalking the goldfish in a shopping cart—
a black comedy.
Tom Goes to the Bar (B&W USA 1985)
directed by Dean Parisot shows a man hanging upside down in a bar while talking about
his job and Ms life. Darts are whizzing around
him, thrown by an old man who cannot aim
Could this be acase of looking at life from
a different angle?
The Lounge Bar (New Zealand 1989),
directed by Don McGlashan andHarry Sinclair,
brings a singer, a woman, and a man with a
strange contraption on his head, together in a
bar. The plot unfolds through the -angel's
lyrics and the actions ofthe two standing at
Ihe bar.
The contraption the man wears is needed
to prevent his head from falling to pieces.
The deeper meaning eluded me in this
particular film.
Stealing Altitude, a black-and-white 1990
USA film directed by John Starr and Roger
Teich, is a documentary-style film about macho men who jump off unfinished high-rise
buildings in the middle of the night for kicks,
use a parachute to break their fall, then run off
before anyone sees them.
It appears that only Veal men' dare to try
this stuff.
An Urban Tragedy (USA 1989) directed
by Wendell Moms/Loyola Marymountis about
a cockroach which assumes gigantic proportions in a filthy big-city tenement where the
Weezer family lives.
Ms. Weezer finally kills the critter, along
with everyone else, by dropping her cigar into
the filthy toilet bowl where the cockroach is
floating around in a flammable bug-killing
solution. Great lighting and camera angles in
this surrealistic flick.
While some of the films were better than
others, all were entertaining and exhibited an
incredible amount of imagination.
The short film is a wonderful vehicle of
expression and like most art forms delivers a
message in its content which can be either
blatant or subtle, leaving the deciphering to
the viewer.
Vehicles of Desire: Muscle Car as Metaphor
•   .. "  *..**   ,*v
fer-. - jjf&r?* ■ ..^$&\
i'-.'V* r-%
by Caid a Maftechuk
"Tlie alternative concert of
the year" lias evolved into a
blatantly capitalistic festival
which appealed mostly to
thousands of teenagers as well
as Jon Bon Jovi, who supposedly absorbed some of
Vancouver's rain along with the
rest of us on Tuesday.
Lollapalooza, the event
which was supposed to be about
politics, alternatives and ideas,
was definitely a failure in that
area. The political info stands of
Lolla '92 were practically
nonexistent. In their place were
saviours for the kids who didn't
dress quite like their friends
and wanted to make up for it—
there were booths selling
everything from heSdshaves to
Doc Martens. Alongside the
"shops" and some mostly
uninteresting art was the
smaller stage with its freak
show. The relatively large crowd
seemed to like watching a guy
lubricate a condom with his
nose and then suck on it, but I
decided to try and see Pearl
Jam instead.
By the time I got through
the crowd and actually made it
down to the field, most of their
set was over. I couldn't see
them, but they sounded great.
Jesus and Mary Chain played
well but were really dull. They
didn't say a word to the crowd,
just stood there and played until
their time was up. The only
reminder of Psychocandy came
at the end, when they left the
stage in a burst of feedback.
Ministry made the cold and
rain worthwhile. Their first
Vancouver performance was
way too short—not quite 45
minutes—but amazing. They
played six or seven really long
songs, mostly from their newest
release Psalm 69 and Stigmata.
Their best was a rendition of
Supernaut, a song recorded by
10,000 Homo DJs. The most
political band there, they
seemed to actually like performing.
The Red Hot Chili Peppers
could only have been a letdown
after Ministry, so I left before
they came on. From what I
heard, they put on their usual
show-for-voyeurs. Other bands
that played were Lush and Ice
Cube; missed those too.
Soundgarden sucked.
Coyote Theatre Company
seeks First Nations People
interested in theatre.
Phone:     Tina 224-6629
Shirley 733-5893
Or come to NITEP hut
this weekend -
Stay Up All Night At Camp Roxy!
Live rock 'n roll 7 nights a week - Starting at 9 pm
932 GRANVILLE • 684 - 7699
The University of British Columbia
A Special Public Session on
Space Science and Space Engineering
— the history of spaceflight —
— super-sensitive research satellites —
— the beauty of the Northern Lights —
— movies, slides & exhibits —
July 29; 1:15 pm
Free Admission & Refreshments
Instructional Resources Centre (IRC)
Lecture Hall #6.
For information call 822-3997
July 23,1992
July 23,1992
THEUBYSSEY/5 Media distorts, but
the .struggle continues
On the night of Wednesday, April 29, a
political uprising occurred in Los Angeles. No, this
was not simply a "riot" and those who participated
in the uprising were not merely "looters."
Three days ago, young Black people in
Montreal rose up. Forty people were arrested,
twenty-seven of whom were minors, in a skirmish
that broke out between members of Montreal's
Haitian community and the police.
An article which appeared in The Globe and
Mail two days ago portrayed the participants in the
events in Montreal as 'Vandals."
The focus ofthe Globe article was on loss of
property, and shopkeepers were portrayed as the
"innocent victims" of young Black "vandals."
Whether or not the uprising which took
place in Montreal was explicitly political is debatable, but the article in the Globe and Mail certainly
has political implications.
By repeatedly using such words as "riot,"
"looters," and "vandals" over and over again, the
media has portrayed the actions of Black people in
Montreal, Los Angeles and other cities as criminal.
Indeed, these words suggest that the Black community, as a whole, is a criminal element.
By not representing the social and economic contexts in which the Montreal and Los
Angeles uprisings occurred and thus implying the
outbreak was spontaneous and anomalous, the
media has upheld racist stereotypes.
If we were to be informed solely through the
mainstream media, we would be led to believe
dominant, white values are neutral and benevolent. And we would be led to believe any actions
which challenge the white supremicist ruling class
are criminal.
What is hidden behind this facade is that
institutions, such as the media and the police, exist
primarily to "serve and protect" the interests of a
racist power structure.
Meanwhile, Black community leaders have
been shut out ofthe discourse. In the Globe article
(and many others like it) there are no Black people
quoted; no Black voices are being heard.
The mainstream mediahas chosen to ignore
the anger of the Black community. They have chosen, moreover, to ignore the political struggles being carried out by Black and other visible minority
communities in North America.
Racism pervades North American culture
and society—it exists everywhere and, as such, it
cannot be ignored.
July 23,1992
The Ubyssey is published Thursdays by the Alma Mater
Society of the University of British Columbia. Editorial
opinions are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those
ofthe university administration, or of the sponsor. The
editorial office is room 241K of the Student Union
Building. Editorial Department, phone 822-2301; advertising, 822-3977; F.AX 822-9279.
The Ubyssey is a founding member of
Canadian University Press
Non hair prickled with delight as a pungent odour reminiscent of overactive
sweat glands from the arm pita of a 13 year old drifted into the Ubyssey office.
■Look what I found!* yelled Paul Dayson who was foraging in The Ubyssey's
lukewarm refrigerator. A sausage-like creature sporting a 3-inch greyish-green
beard with a sallow complexion crawled out ofthe vegetable crisper. "So that's
where my twinkie disappeared," exclaimedYuldeKurahashi.Lucho van Isschot,
who was making neat piles ofnose hair courtesy ofMartin Chester threw his toenail clipper to Frances Foran who proceeded to shave the offending creature.
Rick Hiebert dropped dead after taking a nibble of the twinkie. Lillian Au
attempted AH on the twinkie. Paula Wellings accidentally nicked a major artery
while trimming Matthew Martin's nose hair. Chrissy Johnston who was jacking
her teeth shoved a pair of toothpicks up Matthew's nose in an attempt to plug
the leak. A geyser of blood came shooting out of Matthew's nostrils and sprayed
Ellen Pond's snow white pinafore dress. "Ooooooch!" screamed Carol Farrell
who was sucking on a paper cut on her finger after reading Graham Coleman's
thesis on the lifespan of Hostess desserts. Carla Maftechuk and Beck Bishop
were too busy recycling Martin Chester's nose hairs into a new toupee for Hao
Li to notice. Both Mike Coury and Mike Alleyne feinted at the sight of the blood
trickling from Carol Farrell's cut Jenn Kwong dashed out of the room to get
some of those band-aids with those neat comic figures and a fresh supply of
twinkies. Meanwhile, Siobhan Boantree and Sam Green were picking each
other noses, sharing a ding dong. Chris Buchanan interrupted them, urging the
hungry pair to wait for the twinkies to arrive.
France* Foran • Samantha Groan • Vukla Kurahachl
Lucho van Istchot • Paula Welling*
Veal has rights
I am shocked and angered on learning of the
cruel way in which the
calves which provide the
veal we consume, are being
Calves received from
dairy farms sometime between birth and two weeks
of age, are held in crates
two feet by seven, tethered
at the neck with a short
chain, day and night, every
hour of their lives, so they
cannot move to even groom
themselves. By slaughter
age of four months some
cannot even lie down, having out-grown the crate,
they can only crouch. The
floor is wood slats and steel
rods, separated for easy
cleaning. There is no bedding.
The calves have re-
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited for brevity, but It is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
ceived so little colostrum,
having left their mother s so
soon after birth, they must
be fed sulfa drugs and other
chemicals in their liquid
diet. The residues of these
chemicals are passed on to
the consumer. The calves
will experience almost
chronic diarrhea. The flesh
must be white so the calves
are kept anemic, but their
lick their own excretions for
the iron reserves acquired
in the womb, but the neck
chains keep them from even
this. The ache and pain of
not being able to exercise
growing limbs must be intolerable punishment.
If pets or zoo animals
were treated in this manner, they and their keepers
would be quickly apprehended. • Our family will
refrain from consuming veal
until this situation is cor
rected. Britain has already
outlawed this barbaric
practice due to public outcry.
The organization, Canadians for the Ethical Treatment of Food Animals
(CETFA)is working to make
this change in Canada, allowing calves to move freely
in a large area.
Letters to our government representatives making them aware of our concern would surely bring an
end to such cruelly in our
Crystal Raymont
...oh yeah?
Re: Martin Chester's article
in the Ubyssey, July 16,
Although I do realize
that nec-left wing pseudo
radicalslike Mr. Chester are
the bearers of truth and that
academic-wannabes like
myself have obviously been
co-opted into the establishment, I would like to point
outtoMr. Chester that Louis
Riel could not have been
hanged by a fascist government as there has never been
a fascist government in
Canada. Perhaps, Mr.
Chester shouldtake to heart
the reprinted letter, in the
letters section of July 16,
the subject of which was the
use of language in The
Ubyssey. Fascism is a very
particular form of govern- •
ment involving a specific
ideology. Canadian governments have been unpleasant, unethical and various
other Ws, but none have
been fascist.
Eileen D. Mak
Ph J). History
7-11 for straights only
by Matthew Martin
A funny thing happened to me'and my boyfriend on the way home from the Pit a couple of
Mondays ago...NOT!
Actually it wasn't funny at all, but one day I'm
sure we will both look back on it and laugh. We had
been at the Pit and on our way home we stopped at
Ihe 7*11 at 10th and Alma for Slurpees. We walked
in holding hands. After a few moments the clerk
had a fit. We were told to stop what we were doing,
"Stop what?" we asked.
"Stop that," said the clerk as he pointed to our
hands. "Blatant displays of affection like that are
not warranted,"
he proclaimed.
Well, we
pointed out that
straight people
hold hands all the
time in public. He
denied that this was true and since you can't argue
with that logic we gave up and ignored him, and
went to the counter with our slurpee to pay the
$0.85 plus GST.
The clerk took the slurpee out of my boyfriend's
hand and told us to leave. Needless to say we were
shocked, I was so angry that I shook for an hour
I have never run across such flagrant disregard
for my basic human rights. The whole incident was
very angering and frustrating.
We wrote 7-11 the next day to complain. The
following week we got a letter back basically saying "cope' and here are four small slurpee coupons
to make you feel better. NOT?
One person whom we told what happened to us
said that we shouldn't have been so open. All I
could say to her was wasn't she ever affectionate
with a man in public?
Most people expressed surprise and usually
some kind of shock. I feel really badly that it takes
such obvious discrimination to get people's attention.
A lot of people don't seem to realize ifcat gay
men and lesbian women are discriminatedagainst
on a daily basis.
From our first memories as children, all of us
are bombarded with heterosexism in many forms.
I was always told that I would grow up one day to
marry a beautiful womyn and have lots of children. And that I would have lots of girlfriends.
All the media images that I have seen nave
been of a man and a womyn. Your typical car ad
has a man, a womyn, two kids, and a dog. More
All throughout school
there is the mocking of
anyone "different." Teachers are constantly letting
homophobic jokes slide
and even telling them.
Counsellors   are   not
trained to handle gay or lesbian youth properly.
Then there is religion. Pretty self-explanatory—you're screwed.
All of these pressures only hurt people who
may be different. Studies in the United States
show that gay, bisexual andlesbian youth are two
to three times more likely to commit suicide than
other teenagers. Thirty per cent of all teen suicides are related to sexual orientation, and according to Pediatrics magazine (June 1991), more than
half of the teenagers interviewed had attempted
suicide MORE than once!
Why can't people see the trend? In the US, a
federal study on teen suicides was cancelled after
preliminary reports found that a high percentage
were related to sexual orientation.
Why are we being ignored? We are people too.
We cry, we smile, we live, we love. We sleep past
our alarms in the morning and are late for work or
school—just like you. We are equal and deserve to
be treated in such a way.
July 23,1992 S  '    ',S   ,A,/
En   r-   r~   o t   y/   i    i~   o
Bust free!!
by Chrissy Johnston
Women took back the right to
their own bodies by taking top-free
strolls in cities and towns across
the country this past weekend.
Demonstrations took place
commemorating the arrest of
University ofGuelph student Gwen
Jacob who was charged with indecency for removing her shirt in
public one year ago.
I participated in top-free demonstrations because I believe that
laws restricting a woman's right to
her own body need to be disobeyed.
On Friday and Saturday I joined
several Vancouver women to walk
and shop top-free in the Commercial Drive area to protest the ludicrous laws claiming women's
breasts indecent.
During Friday's demonstration we were harassed by teenage
boys in a school bus that was
driving by. They yelled out ofthe
windows, called us "sluts" and told
us to "suck cock." This incident is
evidence of what our patriarchal
culture teaches and promotes—the
degradation and humiliation of
One woman had brought along
her "super-soaker* water gun to
combat any sexism that stood in
our way and the boys on the bus
were ripe for the soaking.
After the minor disruption,
women continued to walk and began chanting, "My breasts are not
unclean, your laws are just obscene.
My body, my choice."
As police cars and paddy wagons cruised up and down the drive
we quickly got on a city bus to
avoid any confrontations with the
police. When the bus driver noticed we did not have shirts on he
tried to tell us there was no room
for us on the bus, but passengers
moved to the back allowing us to
get on the bus and pay our fares.
Then the bus driver refused to
give us transfers and said the bus
would not move until we were behind the red line. Once the bus
began to move he gave the others
their transfers, but again he refused to give me a transfer claiming I had not paid my fare. I argued
with him but I never got that
Meanwhile back at Grandview
Park (where the demonstration
began) three police cars and a
paddy wagon with their cherries
on had surrounded the park waiting for our return. We successfully
avoided arrest although a uniformed officer in a burgundy van
took photos of us which could be
used against us in the future.
The weekend's demonstrations have sparked negative criticism and exploitation from the
mainstream media. Demonstrators
were accused of trivializing the
women's movement—although I
see nothing trivial about women
fighting against oppressive laws
regarding our bodies.
I am not ashamed of my body
and I refuse to consider my breasts
obscene when men can walk freely
without their shirts on. Just because my chest is not flat does not
mean I do not deserve the same
rights as a man!
Planting trees in the hearty mist
by Carol Farrell
damptents as the gong sounded
its rude signal that it was time
to go^to work.
Looking scruffy and out-
of-sorts, the motley crew comprised mostly of university-
aged individuals, shuffled into
the large food tent where they
received an enormous breakfast to fortify them for the next
few hours of gruelling work.
Dressed in baggy military-
style work pants with large
pockets and wearing high-
topped rubber boots especially
designedfor tree-planting, they
sit drinking their coffee and
talking quietly amongst themselves.
The site selected is a ravaged clear-cut, located 50 miles
north of Prince George, where
planters spend 12 hours a day, six
days a week, replanting what the
logging companies have systematically destroyed.
Hopefully, in 25 to 50 years'
time, new trees will have replaced
those ripped from the ground.
Straight, neat rows of identical trees will cover the area.
However, the tree-planters are
not necessarily focusing on the
philosophical implications of their
job. They are primarily concerned
with earning enough moneyto pay
their tuition. Ifs possible to earn
up to $500 or $600 a day, depending on how fast the planter is.
It's not easy work, nor is it for
and some days there are as many
people leaving as coming into the
Part ofthe logging company's
responsibility is to replant what
they have logged and contract out
to companies who recruit planters
for the summer. The planters are
expected to provide their own tents,
sleeping bags and tree-planting
Bugs are the planters' main
complaint. They wrap tee-shirts
and scarves around their heads
and faces, yet still end up with
eyes swollen shut from insectbites.
Many try tree-planting, but
only a select few actually stick it
out for the whole season which
starts in March and ends in September/October.
There is a feeling of camaraderie amongst the planters and
many new and intimate friendships are forged during their stay
in the bush. On occasion they
relax in the evening with a beer
and a toke, to help loosen tight
muscles strained by constant
bending to plant the small seedlings.
The work is hard, dirty, and
backbreaking-. freezing coldin April
and boiling hot in August. Each
seedling must be meticulously
placed,nottoo deepnor too shallow.
Planters need to watch their
step in the heavy undergrowth; a
young planter tripped and fell into
a wasp nest and his knees were
ballooned out for days.
Those who stick it out often
come home with $5000 or $8000 in
their pockets; not bad pay for three
months' work.
The planters work six days,
then have two days off. They usually drive into town and get ahotel
room where they can have a hot
bath and do their laundry.
The company gives them cash
advances, but the main settlement
is received several weeks after the
season ends.
Often, different companies
have good or bad reputations.
Word gets around and planters
who return the following year
avoid those with problems.
Although most planters are
young, there are older planters
in their 40's who return year
after year, earning enough to
allowthem to travel extensively.
Speed and planting skills are
important; the faster you can
plant, the more money you will
earn. Seasoned planters are
highly admired, their planting
abilities envied and talked about
amongst the newcomers.
Tree planting is not for everyone, especially those who hate
getting dirty and abhor hard
work or dont mind working for
minimum wage at a boring indoor job.
ONLY 25<
Visit the Information Desk in the main concourse of the Student
Union Building. An AMS information officer is available 8:30 a.m.
to 4:30 p.m. weekdays to answer your questions. Information is
available on campus events, services and facilities and Vancouver
attractions open to both students and the community.
Free walking tours of the campus are also available at the desk until
Aug. 28th. Tours include gardens, museums, sports facilities and
other UBC attractions. Drop-in tours leave the desk weekdays at
10:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. including holiday Mondays (excluding
Monday, Aug. 3rd). You may also book 3:00 p.m., weekend and
special tours by calling ahead.
July 23,1992
THEilBYSSEY/7. %4/,/',^,d%'',,?/>MmM'n'//js^mfoiv£$,&,, ' /,
v '•> -^ *V/y. *> *   •. */<?*/* jfaKgitys
***** •*ss*v$****'<**&**^/**/y**•** *• **
Earth First!: "Ecocide is genocide
by Graham Cameron
On August 3—timed to coincide with BC Day—Earth
First! has called for a day of
action to save BC's remaining
pristine wilderness areas from
continued destruction at the
hands ofthe resource industry.
Based on its response, BC's
resource industry has evidently
taken the declaration seriously.
Both MacMillan-Bloedel
and Fletcher Challenge—the
two multi-national forest companies operating in the hotly
disputed watersheds of
Vancouver Island's west
coast—recently attempted to
restrict public access to the
disputed areas via court injunctions. They have also increased their on-site security
measures and attempted to
sway public opinion through
various press releases.
In fact, the Forest Alliance
of BC (an umbrella group
funded by the forest companies
and other resource-extraction
industries) has hired the PR
firm Burson-Marstaller Ltd.—
the same company which
handled Union Carbide's public relations after the poisonous
gas leak in Bhopal, India and
Exxon's after the massive
Exxon Valdez oil-spill.
Why?...why such a widespread and costly response?
Because the industry realizes that the cost could be much
higher if Earth First! type actions become common in BC
Formed twelve years ago
in the face ofthe massive environmental degradation of the
western US, Earth First! is an
association of individuals who
are deeply concerned with the
violence" as the mainstream
press has depicted them.
Rather, according to Earth
Firsti's "Deep Ecology* beliefs,
violence is only a deliberate act
to harm a living creature. By
destroying the means of destruction, Earth First! is not
only practising non-violence, it
is practising anti-violence.
rapidly worsening condition of
the biosphere, and who are
committed to take direct action to protect it.
In a strategy which attempts to make it too expensive for the resource industries
to continue to operate, over the
past decade, Earth Firstlers
have destroyed bulldozers,
logging trucks, and road-
building equipment throughout the western US. Some
members have also engaged in
According to some estimates, such direct action has
cost the resource industry over
$75 million US per year in the
western US alone.
Earth First! does not consider such actions to be "acts of
As their name implies,
Earth First! puts the needs of
the entire living community—
the million plus species which
together compose the biosphere—ahead ofthe economically determined "needs" of
Western society.
In fact, Earth Firsti's "Deep
Ecology" beliefs actually repudiate the central premise ofthe
Western World's free market
economy—the notion of economic progress. According to
Earth Firsti's "Whole-Earth"
philosophy, infinite economic
growth is impossible within a
finite world.
Earth First! feels that the
conservation efforts of mainstream environmental
Peace movement
broadens its agenda
by Rick Hiebert
Canada's peace movement has
decided to form political alliances
with other progressive groups.
The Canadian Peace Alliance,
the umbrella group of Canada's
300 peace groups, decided at its
national conference June 28 to 30
at UBC to work together with the
feminist, anti-racist, aboriginal
and gay rights movements in joint
The Alliance voted to recognize
"that the use of violence in international affairs and by governments is closely linked with social
and political imbalances of power,
with racism, sexism, ableism,
heterosexism, classism, ageism,
discrimination on the basis of
language and with the entire continuum of violence, including
community and domestic violence,
notably violence against women
and children."
The CPA will strive to bring
social justice issues onto the constitutional agenda and will continue its work with the Action
Canada Network lobby against the
US-Canada Free Trade Pact.
Aboriginal rights were important to the delegates. Felix
Lockhart, South Dene vice-chief,
spoke to the delegates about his
nation's struggle against low-level
military flights and cruise missile
testing. He said at the start of
their lobbying efforts, "the Canadian government didn't seem to
care about anyone but the military", yet intense lobbying by the
Dene, in co-operation with Northern activists persuaded the government to back off on plans to
militarize their lands.
Lockhart asked the delegates
to "support our constitutional right
for self-government." They agreed,
supporting "the aboriginal peoples
collective right to a first veto over
any uses to which their lands may
be put...which they feel are detrimental to the ecosystem they inhabit, or to their culture."
Military issues were also addressed. Delegates called for a demilitarized Arctic and a 50 per
cent cut in defense spending by
Participants are also demanding a national commission
for planning "alternate uses" for
"major Canadian military industries and bases."
"WeVe always been interested
in these issues as a movement,"
said Peter Coombes, coordinator
of the Vancouver group End the
Arms Race.
Jerome Cheung, ofthe Toronto
Disarmament Network, agreed.
"We're seeing very strong links
between the progressive movements," he said. *The peace, ecological and other social justice
movements can work more effectively by coalition building."
Guest speakers at the conference drew attention to the peace
movement's networking with other
Judy Rebick, National Action
Committee on the Status ofWomen
president, said, "Patriarchy is at
the root of war. Our concerns now
are not about trying to convince
each other that our movement is
the most important, but rather in
reinforcing each other in struggle
and understanding that our
struggles are interlinked."
groups— typified by Greenpeace, Western Canada Wilderness Committee, and the
Sierra Club—do not represent
the real solution.
Earth First! does not condemn such groups, and in fact
rejoices whenever a portion of
the wilderness is protected
through their slow, bureaucratic, mainstream channels.
Earth First! simply feels that
the vision of these less militant groups is insufficient.
According to Earth First!,
better "management" ofthe remaining natural resources will
not save the biosphere. Nor will
less destructive means of extraction put a stop to the increasing rate of species extinction—they will only slow
down the killing with the end
result being the same.
In the view of Earth First!,
in order to save the reeling biosphere, humankind must reenter the balance of life—the
natural cycle from which we
have become increasingly removed since the advent of
Western, industrialized society.
However, as members of
Earth First! readily admit,
such a drastic goal will not
come easily. It will not be accomplished via quick, techno-
fixes, but rather only through
a fundamental altering of the
perceptions and expectations
upon which our society is based.
As with other movements
of social change (from women's
equality to Black civil rights to
Latin American liberation) the
"revolutionary" goal of radical
environmentalism automatically places Earth First! in direct opposition to the status
quo—in this case, the resource
Given that the success of
Earth Firsti's vision would result in the elimination of multinational forest companies, its
no wonder that MacBlo and
Fletcher Challenge feel
threatened. Both benefit from
the continued belief that humans have the right to dominate and degrade the environment—a condition which Earth
First! and the entire biosphere
can no longer tolerate.
Apparently, August 3 is
only the beginning.
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July 23,1992


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