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The Ubyssey Oct 24, 1972

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Array Publishers stifle Peak's freedom
"TAKE THAT," says arts student Irving Fetish, as he gains revenge
on an unsuspecting shithawk in the shadow of the new improved
—ed dubois photo
1973  model   Sedgewick   library.   Actually,   an   unidentified,   but
alienated worker is landscaping. (See story page 13).
By LORRIRUDLAND
BURNABY (Staff) — The publishers of the Peak, SFU's
student newspaper, are attempting to control editorial policy.
In a meeting last Thursday at SFU the Peak board of
directors passed two motions. The first restricted staff
meetings of the Peak to a time within schooV hours and to a
location on the SFU campus. The second directed the
newspaper staff to divide into autonomous sections to cover
such things as news, features, and sports.
The editor of the Peak, Ron Roth, resigned in protest.
Although the motions
themselves do not seem very
important newspaper staffer
and board member Cam Beck
voted against them because
"The Board should not have
the authority to tell staff when
and where to have a meeting."
He said the staff meetings
were being held off campus on
Sunday nights by choice of the
staff members most of whom
lived off campus.
Beck said the real issue was
the board wanted to seize
control of the paper and didn't
feel they could control it with
the present composition of
staff members.
"These motions were an
attempt to purge the paper of
the editor and various other
staff members," he said. So far
only the editor has resigned.
The board of directors is the
publisher of the Peak. It
consists of five members
elected at large from the
student society membership
(equivalent to the Alma Mater
Society), two members elected
from the paid employees of the
Peak, two members elected
from the Peak reporting staff,
and one appointee from the
student society (equivalent to
AMS student council).
To make matters more
complicated the Peak is only a
subsidiary of the Peak
Publishing Society, which
publishes other papers as well,
and has paid employees such
as office manager, ad
manager, layout men,
bookkeepers and typesetters.
The composition of the board
of directors means decisions on
paper policy are made by a 6-4
majority of persons who don't
work on the paper at all.
Peak office manager and
board member Phil Dubois
said:"It was not the intention of
the board to take over editorial
control of the paper but simply
to make it more orientated: to
See page 2: COMMUNITY
Goodies
Today's Ubyssey is full of
goodies. Exposure columnist
Art Smolensky reviews the
Wednesday opening of the
legislature on page 3. On pages
6 and 7, Canadian University
Press interviews national NDP
leader David Lewis. In the
centre pages, two UBC
economics students look at the
three major parties from an
economic viewpoint. And on
page 13, Ubyssey reporter
David Schmidt writes about
the new library.
B.C. college workers start local union
The founding convention of the Association of
University and College Employees was held at UBC
Thursday.
"This union will be composed of workers employed by technical schools, regional colleges,
universities and other institutions of higher learning
in B.C.," Jennifer Clemmons, newly elected
president of Local One of the AUCE, said Monday.
Planning for AUCE began last spring when
American-based Office and Technical Employees
Union had a large recruitment drive on the UBC
campus that was unsuccessful.
"It was the feeling of the founding members of
AUCE that a provincial organization would more
effectively represent the  needs  of the  campus
workers," Clemmons said.
"We decided to restrict jurisdiction of the union to
B.C. institutions," she said, "as this would yield an
organization small esough to give all the members a
say in the policy and large enough to possess a real
element of bargaining power."
The union is divided into the provincial
organization and union locals from member institutions.
UBC formed the first union local in conjunction
with the founding convention.
"Now that the convention has been held we have
three months to recruit enough new members to
become a certified union through the B.C. Labor
Relations Board," Clemmons said.
be established with a
each new member on
as working conditions,
"We must recruit 50 per cent plus one (person) of
the campus workers employed by the university who
have no other union affiliation."
Union  priorities  will
questionnaire handed to
general grievances such
salary, and study leave.
At the convention, Sylvia Schroeder, from student
services was elected AUCE provincial president
while Clemmons, from the Registrar's office,
became president of the UBC local.
Those interested in becoming members of Local
One UBC or in obtaining copies of the Constitution
bylaws should phone 732-8444, 732-6345 or 261-0081. Page 2
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Blood of Condor exposes
American exploitation
By CLIVE BIRD
Blood of the Condor is a very fine film about
the Quecha Indians of Bolivia and the tragic
exploitation of their way of life by powerful
minorities from the outside world. Bolivian
director Jorge Sanjines, now exiled in Chile has
made this film with such striking honesty and
strength it has been banned in Bolivia.
To the Quecha woes of poverty, plague, and
the police are added a blundering American
Peace Corps and a corrupt military regime. In
a style closely based on logic and clarity, both
politically and cinematically, Sanjines
denounces the insensitive structures of power
which bring misery to the natives.
This is not a propaganda film. The viewer is
made aware by a subtlety and honesty which
are the greatest tools of a film of this kind.
The American doctors come into the
Bolivian Highlands with ridiculous clothes —
sneakers and raincoats — for the Quecha
children. With the backing of the local police,
they persuade the native women to give birth to
their children in the new Maternity Centre.
There, without her consent or knowledge, the
mother is methodically sterilized. After a year
or so, the Quechans piece the pattern together
and forge their revenge.
It's a blend of documentary and feature film
which is seldom achieved. Actual Quecha Indians are used and the simple beauty of their
culture in Pre-Peace Corps times makes a
formidable contrast to the misery they inherit.
The film's brilliance arises from the tenderly understated irony and desperate sadness.
Showing Wednesday 8:30 p.m., SUB 207, 50
cents. It will be introduced by anthropology
professor Blanca Muratorio. Discussion
follows, Highly recommended.
&SPAGH
jSteaks-Pizza-Spaghetti-Lasagna-Ravioli-Rigatoni-Chicken Cacciatorefl
A
OPEN
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Fri. - Sat.
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Community paper feared
From page 1
campus news than it formerly
was."
He said the board motions
were prompted by the concern
that it was too community-
orientated.
"It looked more like the
Grape than a campus
newspaper," he said, "we have
received numerous complaints
from the students that the
paper is not sufficiently
representative of campus
news."
Beck said the staff had
already realized this and were
trying to change the paper's
coverage. "We invited people
on the board to work with us
and join the staff of the
newspaper. They refused."
Beck said the Thursday
meeting of the board of
directors was not fairly called.
"Although the meeting was
open, the newspaper staff
members were not informed
that the board intended to
change paper policy."
Beck said that we avoided
dividing the newspaper into
special reporting sections
because we were attempting to
encourage feature length
articles rather than the short
news stories, and short sports
stories which were a feature of
the campus news.
A meeting is being held
Thursday for board members,
newspaper staff and students
in an attempt to resolve the
controversy.
Tuesday, October 24 - TODAY 12:30 p.m.
DR. DONALD CHANT
Ecologist— Member and Founder
of Toronto based PROBE
Angus 110
Sponsored by ECO and Speakers & Education Committee
Thursday October 26
RONA MURREY
12:30 p.m.
Clubs Lounge
S.U.B.
— poetess
— author of "The Power of the Dog"
— professor at Selkirk College
Sponsored by Speakers & Education Committee
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OPEN THURSDAY AND FRIDAY UNTIL 9 P.M. Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 3
Dailly opposes U.S. war research at UBC
By FORREST NELSON
Education minister Eileen
Dailly says she opposes
American-sponsored war
research at UBC, Bob Sims,
executive secretary of the
Vietnam action committee,
said Monday.
But Dailly says she can do
nothing about it, because said
Sims: "The sources of campus
war research are not under
provincial jurisdiction. Grants
are federally controlled or they
come directly from the U.S.
Pentagon."
Sims told a New Democratic
party caucus meeting Thursday: "The most outstanding
thing about my conversations
with the NDP MLAs was their
openess to support activities
against the Vietnam war and
Canada's role of surrounding
U.S. war actions."
Sims visited Victoria for
three days last week.
When Sims was asked if the
education minister had
publicly urged the UBC board
of governors and the federal
government to end acceptance
of U.S. defence grants, he said:
"We could get that. The NDP's
sympathy is in that direction."
Said Sims: "An anti-war
resolution will be introduced
into the House soon. The
education minister is
preparing the way for anti-war
seminars and discussions in
schools throughout this
province."
(The student mobilization
committee will hold a conference here in SUB 216C Nov.
4 to Nov. 5.
The NDP caucus has
promised to support the UBC
anti-war conference, Sims said
in a press release.
He said the NDP has, as a
part of its program, anti-war
demands: "U.S. out of Indochina now" and "End
Canada's complicity in Indochina".
The slogans are identical
with two of the student
mobilization committee's
three demands. The third is
"War research off campus".
"The anti-war movement,
especially in this time when
pressures are upon the Vietnamese to give up their
struggle for self-
determination, must be
heard," said Sims.
"The cross-Canada conference Nov. 4 to 5, just before
the U.S. elections, will be one
of our biggest efforts ever in
showing students' total
rejection of the war and
Trudeau's complicity and
insults," he said.
IT'S FALL says Ron Bergstrom, applied science 2, as he sits on a bench behind west
mall annex with his banana. Bergstrom says a physical plant official told him to leave
Exposure
—dirk visser photo
because this particular area was being turned into a compost heap. But Bergstrom said
to hell with it because the bench was warm and the leaves were pretty.
By ART SMOLENSKY
VICTORIA — There were differences.
Not in the opening ceremonies with
the shouts of "make way for his
honor, the Lieutenant-Governor", nor
in the Olympic style lift and press of
the ceremonial mace (the symbol of
authority in every legislature sprung
from the loins of the British Empire).
The differences were in the atmosphere; the informality which
Premier Dave Barrett ("just call me
Dave") regards himself; and the
youngish but still bewildered NDPers
who have found themselves actually
elected.
There was also a feeling of action,
of a sense that now, at last, things are
going to change.
It didn't last past the second day.
The socreds show up early for the
opening. Richter, the heir apparent to
Bennett's throne chats amiably with
Chabot, an aggressive little man
eager to show that be should really
get the nod.
Day two of the session.
Daisy Webster (no relation to
radio type Jack Webster), NDP
member for Vancouver South is the
first speaker. Essentially, it's a
historical speech to show that NDP
didn't come out of the blue but had
been around in the woodwork all
along.
David Anderson of the Liberals
apologizes before hand for the
comments he is about to make as if
what he was going to say was
irrelevant.
He follows with a wordy exposition
agreeing with just about every
government move so far. (Someone in
the press gallery mutters that he was
born into the wrong party.)
His only point of attack is that the
government's statements on the
takeover of B.C. Tel have caused its
employees some concern.
"By the premier's statements,
Anderson asserts, "he will depress
the value of the companies he wishes
to take over (thus making the
acquisition cheaper for the people of
the province)".
Someone in  the  press  gallery
mutters that this seems like good,
business sense on Barrett's part.
The other leader of the Liberal
party, Pat McGeer, continues on in
the same vein with lots of filler
material.
There is the greatest sense that the
Liberals are really trying to make
themselves felt. They vociferously
disagree with the socreds on minor
differences in party platforms and
attack them whenever they can.
The socreds are full of acid and
bitterness.
Their relegation to the role of the
opposition has brought out the oty-
noxiousness in some, especially Pat
Jordan.
Infantile shouts across the floor of
the house like "Boy Premier" and
"Cookie jar government" do little but
relieve the frustrations of the
socreds.
But mostly the socreds are silent in
opposition as they were in government, choosing to disregard the attacks by the Liberals and the Conservatives on their fellow opposition
members.
Bennett, the third socred leader
(after Richter and Chabot) assembled reporters. Jumping up from his
seat like a jack-in-the-box he rattles
off to the press gallery his own
commentary as to the state of the
proceedings, obviously trying to
make tomorrow's headlines.
Bennett is not senile. He is in the
throes of his second childhood.
Another jack-in-the-box is Scott
Wallace as he pops up in the public
gallery every ten minutes to visit
Conservative leader Darril Warren.
Warren, as he reminded an
Hourglass show, shot in the
legislature, is the only person to be
awarded a permanent seat in the
public gallery. A rather decent
gesture by the NDP government
towards the seatless leader of the
Conservative party.
*   *   *
The most important function of this
legislative session, it seems to this
reporter, is to give first time NDP
members a chance to gain experience.
As was well pointed out by a
number of the opposition speakers,
the substance of the legislation introduced by the speech to the throne
could have been put into effect by the
cabinet using a series of orders in
council.
There is no doubt that several NDP
backbenchers are being groomed for
the cabinet just as the cabinet is
really grooming itself for a twelve
year stint at managing the affairs of
the province. Page 4
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Fun <n9 games
Recreation UBC stinks.
Recreation UBC is an autocratic decision by
a group of phys ed barons to impose a $3 fee on
students for use of recreational facilities.
The decision was made without consulting
students and Recreation UBC does not have
student representation.
Previously recreational facilities ran on a
haphazard basis. Equipment was not available and
the gyms were open at irregular hours— but it
was free.
Recreation UBC plans to overcome this by
providing supervision, equipment and regular
hours. However, the manner in which they are
doing this is decidedly undemocratic and political
in purpose.
A unreleased administration president's
report on sports at UBC suggests extramural
women's and men's athletics, intramural-women's
and men's athletics and extracurricular recreation
should be co-ordinated under one council.
This means the men's athletic committee
which administers the $5 per student athletic fee
would lose its control over the substantial budget
for extramurals.
At the present time $4.20 out of the $5 goes
to men's athletics. The remaining 80 cents to
women's extramurals.
The report suggests the money received from
the athletic fee, student council and other sources
should be divided by the recreation council which
would represent the five areas of athletics. The
recreation council would have student
representation.
Until a few weeks ago a committee to
co-ordinate recreational facilities did not exist.
Realizing their empire was threatened, phys ed
prof Ed Gautschi, phys ed and recreation director
F.R. Osborne and a few others created Recreation
UBC. They say they need $23,000 to administer
the program, hence the $3 fee.
So when the report is released Osborne can
now say there is no need for a co-ordinating
council because Recreation UBC exists. This
means Osborne and the phys ed school would
continue to control the $100,000 extramural
budget and the revenue created by Recreation
UBC.
They also have plans for charging for winter
sports centre free ice-skating time, have suggested
takeover of the SUB games area and would love
to get control of the new covered pool.
It's obvious administration president Walter
Gage is holding the report back because of
pressure from the phys ed school.
Extramurals, the ego trip of the phys ed
school, stand to lose a lot if the athletic fee is
more equitably divided among intramurals,
women's extramurals and recreational facilities as
the report suggests.
In the meantime we suggest students boycott
the $3 Recreation UBC fee. This empire building
has got to stop.
Letters
Sexuality
Tuesday's women's studies
lecture by Pepper Schwartz on
"Sexuality" was disrupted
several times by members of a
"radical lesbian group." Ms.
Schwartz attempted to defend
herself and the great majority
of the audience was on her
side.
Nevertheless we have all
been in enough situations
where an "expert" controls the
microphone and relevant information can only be communicated by disruption.
There are definite obligations
upon anyone who presumed to
challenge the authority of the
speaker.
One of these is that those who
disrupt must unmask and cut
through the lecturing with
information which enlightens
or informs the audience.  On
Tuesday this did not occur, the
audience was unable to understand what the disrupters
were trying to say. But
perhaps there was something
worth saying.
Certainly discussions of
"sexuality" are usually biased
in favor of heterosexual
practices. It is really no excuse
for a speaker to simply admit
this bias and ignore other
relevant realities.
We may be approaching the
time when non-heterosexual
activity is not longer covert,
deviant behaviour, but rather a
very common alternative
experience. I think "social
scientists" or any other self-
proclaimed experts are increasingly  obligated to deal
with this possibility in any
discussion of sexuality. The
"radical lesbians" thus had
some cause for their anger,
even if they did not express it
cogently.
In addition, we have reason
to be suspicious of information
about sexuality presented by
"social scientists". Ms. Schwartz noted that most research
on sexuality is extremely
biased. Despite this there is a
strong tendency in our society
to accept conclusions based on
any "scientific" research.
We tend to idolize science
and to refrain from changing
our behaviour or consciousness
until Masters and Johnson
have made it safe and scientific.There are two drawbacks
to this subservience to science.
First, appeals based on
scientific research are only as
good as the research itself.
Masters and Johnson may
well be correct about many
things, but there is much room
to question whether this
derives from their research, or
whether they really adhered to
the strictures of the scientific
method. They may be right —
but due to good luck and
common sense, not science.
Second, and more important,
many of the changes which Ms.
Schwartz called for can be
justified without depending on
social scientists, who have
traditionally been tardy in
taking up real problems. We do
not need the intervention of
scientific priestesses to
discover the nature of
sexuality.
Last year's lecture on
sexuality by Shelagh Day
comunicated   most   of   the
WeUBYSStY
OCTOBER 24, 1972
Published Tuesdays and Fridays throughout the university year by
the Alma Mater Society of the University of B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the writer and not of the AMS or the university
administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The Ubyssey
publishes Page Friday, a weekly corrfmentary and review. The
Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in. room 241K of the Student Union Building.
Editorial  departments, 228-2307; Sports, 228-2305; advertising,
228-3977.
Co-editors: John Andersen, Jan O'Brien
"The Kosmic Basketball League has begun," Kent Spencer told Lorri
Rudland. "He shoots, he scores," yelled Mike Sasges. "That's three up, and
three down," Jan O'Brien told Art Smolensky. "Is this third down?" Steve
Morris and Simon Truelove asked Forrest Nelson. "Win this one for the
gipper," suggested Laurence Leader, Ken Dodd, Linda Hossie and Sucha
Singh. Then Brian Murphy streaked down the ice converted Dirk Visser
and Ed Dubois' pure canasta and picked up Boardwalk and Vaughn
Palmer in the process. "I think the correct term is basked," said Sondra
Marshall Smith.
Oh I don't think it has anything to do with the election. It happens every year about this time.
prescriptive import of
Tuesday's lecture without any
citations from medical journals.
I am not arguing that
scientific research be ignored,
only that other approaches be
explored. In matters like
sexuality we need the help of
all our intellectual and
emotional faculties and every
reasonable person, not just a
stream of statistics.
M. Boswick
Amazing
I was amazed to read in this
paper that Ron Pearson was
not only nominated for the
Great Trekker award but
actually received it.
The award was given to him
for his contributions to the
AMS. Well the man was hired
by the AMS to contribute to it.
His contributions were considered so worthwhile that
after 14 years he was fired
from the job.
Pearson worked for the AMS
and I may add his salary was
substantial, for a total of 14
years. His contributions were
indeed outstanding in that
time He not only thought it
was his duty to execute AMS
policy, but whenever possible
Pearson attempted to steer
policy. Naturally, it was only in
the way of advice but one need
only have worked once with
Pearson to know how intimidating his advice can be.
Not only has Pearson been
given the Great Trekker
Award, but there are rumors
that he will once more be
gracing the AMS with his
advice.
Again I am astounded by
such rumors. Does one
executive not learn from the
experiences of another
executive?
It took two AMS executives
two years to compile enough
evidence of Pearson's incompetence and meddling to
fire him. Men such as Pearson
are easy to hire but almost
impossible to fire.
I would urge council to vote
against any proposal, should it
be made to hire Pearson. No
matter under what pretext or
for what length of time.
I am sure that if forced the
AMS executive can come up
with someone else who would
make a competent general
manager.
Christine Krawczyk
arts 3
The Ubyssey welcomes
letters from all readers.
Letters should be signed and,
if possible, typed.
Pen names will be used when
the writer's real name is also
included for our information in
the letter, or when valid
reasons for anonymity are
given.
Although an effort is made to
publish all letters received,
The Ubyssey reserves the right
to edit letters for reasons of
brevity, legality, grammar or
taste. Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 5
War
The Student Mobilization
Committee calls on all
students, students' councils
and concerned groups opposed
to the Vietnam war to come
and participate in the first
major Canada-wide conference of students against
war. The conference will be
held on Nov. 4-5 on a university
campus in southern Ontario.
We appeal to campus papers to
print this letter, and to all
students' councils and
organizations to endorse this
conference, support students
and representatives who wish
to attend, and to aid the
campus, high school or community anti-war committees
that are organizing this conference. We want this to be the
broadest, most effective
gathering of students against
the war that Canada has ever
seen. Coming out of this conference we hope to consolidate
a cross-country SMC with a
central office that can coordinate the activities of the
student anti-war movement
and the drive to form anti-war
committees on every campus
and in every high school in the
country.
The war in Vietnam has been
one of the central issues affecting students in recent
years. In seeking a better
world — free of war and
violence, poverty and colonial
oppression — many students
have realized the significance
of the struggle of the Vietnamese to gain control of their
lives and their national
destiny. An end to U.S.
aggression in Vietnam would
mean a defeat for the most
powerful military machine in
history. If not checked,
however, it may not stop short
of genocide of an entire people,
and total destruction of their
land.
In organizing against U.S.
aggression in southeast Asia
students uncovered the
complicity of successive
Canadian governments in the
war. While pretending to be
neutral Canada has actually
given extensive political,
diplomatic and military
support to the U.S. war efforts.
rushant
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Open 11 a.m. - 7 p.m.
(except Sunday)
Phone: 327-6139
Letters
Canadian diplomats, like J.
Blair Seaborn, on the International Control Commission, have carried threats
and spied for the Pentagon in
Hanoi. Through the NATO and
NORAD war alliances Canada
provides political cover to the
U.S. effort as well as material
aid through the Defense
Production and Research
Sharing Agreements. Canada
remains the largest single
supplier of war material to the
U.S. and the third largest
exporter of arms in the world.
This complicity extends to
the daily lives of students. Up
to 36 Canadian universities do
war research for the U.S. state
department and DRB. While
the profits of Canadian
munitions makers soar and
time and money are bound up
in war research, the government is cutting back on
education spending. Teachers
are laid off and skilled
graduates go without work.
The inflation brought by the
war to the North American
economy has meant rising cost
of living for Canadian students
and working people.
Far from "winding down",
the war has continued to
escalate. While withdrawing
some troops president Nixon
has increased, many times
over, the air power without
which the puppet South
Vietnamese army could not
hold up. With over 1,000 planes
(200 B-52 strategic bombers)
the U.S. has the capacity to
explode the equivalent of eight
Hiroshima blasts a day. The
present level is over "3"
Hiroshimas a day. The mining
of harbors and rivers threatens
the Vietnamese with starvation since most of the
material which passes through
these ports is food and
medicine. The attacks on the
flood control dikes in the
Tonkin Plain, and the seeding
of clouds could lead to a human
catastrophe. Fifteen million
people (95 per cent civilians)
depend on these dike systems
for flood control. Their
destruction threatens these
people with drowning, starvation and disease. Observers
who have gone to Vietnam,
such as Kurt Waldheim of the
U.N., actress Jane Fonda, and
former U.S. Attorney General
Ramsey Clark have attested to
the systematic bombing of the
dike system.
While stepping up the
military offensive, Nixon has
launched a diplomatic offensive in Peking and Moscow.
Nixon hopes that a reduced
commitment to the Vietnamese struggle on the part of
her allies will leave his hands
free to order the bombing of
the population into submission
and to impose a solution. Such
a solution would be made only
on the basis of genocide,
whereas the only just settlement is the total and unconditional withdrawal of all
U.S. forces from Southeast
Asia.
One of the factors which
Nixon cannot control, however,
is the organized anti-war
movement which on an international scale has been an
effective force limiting U.S.
aggression and defending the
self-determination of the
Vietnamese. In this present
crisis it is more important than
ever before that the anti-war
movement utilize the strength
that it has gained to organize
the most massive opposition to
American aggression and
Canadian complicity.
Students have been the most
conscious and militant opponents of the war. Utilizing
the schools and campuses as
organizing centres, students
can move out to bring the facts
about the war and Canada's
complicity to Canadian people,
mobilizing    more    of    the
population into action.
A call for mass actions on
Thursday, Oct. 26 and Nov. 18
has gone out to the international anti-war
movement from the U.S.
National Peace Action
Coalition and the U.S. Student
Mobilization Committee. The
Vietnam Mobilization Committee in Toronto has proposed
that all anti-war organizations
across Canada adopt, at
regional conferences, the
necessity to build mass
peaceful street demonstrations
on Nov. 18.
To decide the direction and
goals of the student anti-war
movement and to consolidate
ongoing activities we want to
bring together students and
supporters on Nov. 4 and 5. In
an    open   and   democratic
conference we can discuss
every point of view presented
and determine from the
workshops and plenary
sessions what positions and coordinated actions the Student
Mobilization Committee will
support or build. Position
papers and action proposals
will be printed in the Mobilizer
and circulated at the conference if submitted in advance. Further details on
place, time, billeting,
speakers, transportation, etc.,
will be sent in future bulletins
and in the Mobilizer. Endorsements of this call and
enquiries or suggestions should
be sent to the SMC at the above
address.
Yours for Peace,
Barry Godson,
Marg Manworing,
for the SMC
CIVILIZATION
FILM SERIES
Now TWO showings every
Wed. noon SUB Auditorium
12:35— 1:35 p.m.
1:35 — 2:35 p.m.
HALLOWEEN DANCE
at
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Fri., Oct. 27, 1972
2 BANDS
Serenaders Steel Band
& PoIonia
9 p.m - 1 a.m.
Costumes Optional - $2.00
Great Fun
PACIFIC PRESENTATIONS BRINGS YOU
SAVOY BROWN
URIAH HEEP
MILLER ANDERSON
Friday, October 27, 8:00 p.m.
AGRODOME
'WOW W~
Tickets $4.50 Advance—$5 00 Door
NOW ON SALE
CONCERT BOX OFFICES — 130 Water Street,
Grennans Records, Richmond Square; Thunderbird Shop, UBC; A&B Sound, Woodward's
Oakridge and New Westminster. Moil Orders:
Box 8600 — Information 687-2801.
NaasnaBMMMHUKwa&h«4i£CvW.^
PACIf ICtTERESt N1AIICNS
openings
London
We have at least thirty-one openings
in two categories. Both involve the
planning and selling of life insurance
programs, not just policies.
We are interested in interviewing
any graduate from any discipline,
but only if you're at least
open-minded enough to explore a
sales career. (If you're not, see
page 48 of the new Employment
Opportunities Handbook. Available
free at your placement office.)
We will be on campus
atU.B.C.Nov.7&8 Page 6
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
40 Money Saving
BONUS COUPONS
in this
year's
BIRD CALLS
-$1.00 off a Pizza
— $1.00 in gasoline
— $5.00 off collision repairs
— $1.00 off a prescription
— $1.00 off flowers
— $1.25 off lube & oil
— $2.00 off Hair Do's
— $1.00 off drycleaning
— $5.00 off contact lenses
etc., etc., etc.
BUY
YOUR COPY
TODAY
UBC BOOKSTORE AND SUB
Only
75e
Game Freaks get off on adult games, like three dimensional
chess. True addicts are easy to find. They can usually be seen
during coffee breaks trying to capture each other's queens.
Well game freaks — do we have a game for you! You'll
remember that way back in 1759, Montcalm met the big bad
Wolfe on the Plains of Abraham to settle some minor real estate
dispute. And so, GAMMA TWO (no! that's not a Greek couplet
— it's a new Canadian game publisher) has developed an exciting new strategy game called Quebec 1759 which recreates that
historic happening. With the aid of the colourful mapboard,
armies, fleets, and rules included in the game, players will have
everything they need to bring Anglo-French rivalry back to life
(was it ever dead?). Naturally, we've tinkered with the history
a bit for the French can win this one — no kidding!
Where can you buy this gem? At your local hobby shop or department store. Ask for it. The only separation involved will concern you and your $9.98. Ah! What price glory!
Contest
A major gramatical error (we goofed) appears somewhere on the
game board or box of Quebec 7759. Can you spot it? Drop
us a line pinpointing the goof if you do. The first three correct
answers we open, after the closing date, November 1st, 1972
will receive a free copy of our next game — 1812 — which is
to be published early next year. You can trust us we're all under thirty.
Write on!
Gamma Two
P.O. Box 6347
Vancouver 8, B.C.
David
OTTAWA (CUP) - David Lewis has
been tramping across Canada during this
election campaign trying to excite people
about the "corporate welfare bums".
Big business has been very responsive.
When the chairman of MacMillan Bloedel —
a giant forest products corporation —
called for a big business alliance to support
the Liberals and Tories, nothing could have
pleased Lewis more. That alliance would
give him the chance to provide Canadians
with undeniable proof that the Liberals
and Tories are handmaidens of corporate
interests and the NDP is therefore the only
party representing the interests of the
average Canadian.
What would happen if the NDP
overcame all obstacles and formed the next
federal government?
This interview may answer some of your
questions. A short biography of David
Lewis will probably help you determine if
he is giving straight answers.
Lewis was born in 1909 in Swislocz,
Poland. In 1921 his family emigrated to
Montreal where Lewis taught himself
English. He enrolled in public school which
he completed in three years. He breezed
through high school in another three years
and had a scholarship to McGill University
waiting for him at graduation.
One of Lewis' favorite stories is how he
told the president of Canadian Pacific
Railways in 1931 the first thing he would
do as prime minister would be to
nationalize the CPR. Lewis has renewed
that promise during this election campaign.
During his time at England's Oxford
University, Lewis was influenced by people
connected with the British Labor Party;
that influence showed up in his later life.
Back in Canada, Lewis practised law and
beginning in 1936, served as national
secretary to the Co-operative
Commonwealth Federation during his
spare time. In 1938 he became the
full-time paid secretary; he held that
position for 12 years, building his power
position in the party.
Lewis resigned as national secretary in
1950 to work on labor law, but his power
in the party could not be disputed. He
continued to hold party offices such as
vice-chairman, chairman and president.
The formation of the New Democratic
Party in 1961 "was the culmination of
some 25 years of effort on the part of
David Lewis, above all, to make the CCF
into a Canadian version of the British
Labor Party," according to Walter Young's
history of the CCF.
His dream come true, Lewis stepped out
of the back rooms to be elected to
parliament in 1962. The spotlight of public
affairs dimmed for two years in 1963 when
he lost the election, but he was back in
1965 and again in 1968 despite
Trudeaumania.
Lewis has always been on top in the
NDP. His election as leader in 1970 merely
confirmed a power position that everyone
had known about for a long time. Thus,
the leadership fight brought anti-Lewis
delegates over to the Waffle's Jim Laxer on
the final ballot, despite wide ideological
differences.
At that convention, Lewis talked about
working with the Waffle to build a strong
vibrant party. Events in the past two years
have shown purging the Waffle has been
deemed necessary by the hierarchy.
According to Lewis' press releases, he is
a socialist; and according to those releases,
the objective of socialism is "the classless
society based on equality". He is opposed
to "the capitalist doctrine, which accepts
inequality and property rights as opposed
to human rights."
But, just how much of a socialist is
David Lewis? Or how socialist is the British
Labor Party on which Lewis based his ideas
for the NDP? Read on.
CUP: THERE IS A CRISIS IN
POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION, WITH
MANY UNIVERSITY GRADUATES
UNABLE TO GET JOBS. THERE IS A
SWITCH OF YOUNG PEOPLE INTO
TECHNICAL SCHOOLS INSTEAD OF
UNIVERSITIES. SOME GOVERNMENTS
ARE MAKING ATTEMPTS TO LIMIT
UNIVERSITY ENROLMENT. IN LIGHT
OF THESE THINGS, WHAT IS THE NDP
POSITION ON POST-SECONDARY
EDUCATION?
LEWIS: I don't think that is something
you can say one, two, three about. I think
we raised expectations too much and spent
too much money in plants that we should
have spent on the students in universities
across Canada. The unemployment among
graduates is part of the general economic
situation in Canada. Foreign control of the
economy means there is less opportunity
for research and development in this
country and therefore less opportunity for
scientists. Unemployment means there is
less activity in the economy and therefore
less opportunity for management positions
for those who are not scientists.
In time, I suppose we will have to
change our attitude toward the work ethic
under which we govern ourselves now and
the idea that every university graduate has
to be pitched to an eventual job — and a
job in the status quo. That is something my
colleagues and myself are quite concerned
about.
I think the increase in university fees
which has taken place in Ontario and, I
understand, elsewhere, is scandalous.
The sociological composition of our
universities is still weighted in the direction
of the better-to-do. The proportion of men
and women from working class homes or
from farm homes is still too small.
To increase fees and make it more
difficult for people to enter these
institutions is a regressive step. It's going
back to the days when only the sons of the
very rich (in those days it was only sons —
it wasn't even daughters) could attend
university. That I deplore very much.
We think there ought to be a great deal
more assistance from the federal treasury
to post-secondary education across the
country. Some of the community colleges
may be more useful to some people than
the university.
I think our universities have become too
large from the student's point of view.
They are too much like factories. It seems
to me there is very much less contact
between faculty and students today on an
individual basis than I knew during my
days at university.
The situation needs a pretty good look.
But I strenuously oppose placing greater
obstacles on the road to post-secondary
education for those who want it and who
are qualified for it by raising fees and
putting in quotas.
I think this is a typical regressive step
that our present governments always take
when they count dollars over people. That
we oppose very strongly.
CUP: IS THE NDP OUT TO CHANGE
THE WORLD OR DOES IT JUST WANT
POWER?
LEWIS: I don't exactly know what that
means. We're out to try and make
fundamental changes in Canadian society,
to assist other people to make fundamental
changes in society. Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 7
Lewis speculates
:UP: IF THE NDP COMES TO POWER
VHAT WILL BE DONE TO STOP
:ORPORATIONS GETTING EXCESSIVE
JRANTS AND PROFIT?
JEWIS: Over many years, we've had the
levelopment of a tax system that gives
remendous concessions to corporations,
>articularly the resource corporations —
he gas, oil, and mineral corporations —
vith the results that many of them pay no
axes at all.
As a matter of fact, I think 86 per cent
jf mining corporations paid no taxes at all
n 1969, the last year for which statistics
ire fully available. 81 or 82 per cent of oil
md petroleum corporations paid no taxes
ast year. When they do pay taxes, it's a
ery small rate of nine per cent for the
nining corporations and if you include the
irovincial tax, it's 11 per cent. They get all
orts of accelerated depreciation and
depletion allowances. That really makes me
ngry.
We give them a depletion allowance
ccording to them and the government
>ecause they are dealing with a wasting
sset. But whose bloody asset is it they're
lealing with? It's not their asset, it's the
isset of the people of Canada.
We not only give them permission to
leplete that irreplaceable asset, but we pay
hem for doing so. The same tiling with the
iccelerated depreciation. There has been —
ind will continue to be for a few more
'ears— a three-year tax holiday when a
nine is started. Sometimes they start two
n three mines, sometimes not far apart
ivery time they start a new mine they get
i three year tax holiday.
The purpose of my campaign is to let
he people of Canada know what has been
lappening. They don't know, for example,
hat corporations— not only mining and
letroleum but also large manufacturing
ind other corporations - have what they
all deferred tax reserves. That's reserves
or taxes they might have paid or should
lave paid but which the law permitted
hem to defer for years. Indeed, there is
lothing in the law that will ever make
hem pay it.
At this moment, they have $3.5 billion
n reserves— 35 hundred million dollars
hey should have paid into the treasury tht
he law permitted them not to pay. That's
it best an interest-free loan to these
:orporations. Even at five per cent we're
lealing with millions of dollars each year in
nterest. And at the modern eight or nine
>er cent, we're giving them interest-free
oans amounting to millions and millions of
lollars. Why?
The result of all this, of course, is
lecause these large corporations don't pay
heir share of taxes, the ordinary working
man or woman pays more in taxes than
they should. This is the kind of inequality
and injustice which must be done away
with.
What we would do is very simple. We'd
just close up those concessions and those
expensive loopholes that the corporations
have. All the large corporations, with very
few exceptions, make huge profits; they
could afford to pay their share of the taxes
and still be very profitable organizations.
We'd simply amend the tax laws to make
everybody pay his share.
And that would either mean we would
have a great deal of money to do
worthwhile things with— to give greater
aid to post-secondary education, for
example, from the federal treasury or to
increase pensions for the aged, to build
more houses— or we could reduce the
income tax paid by the ordinary taxpayer,
particularly the middle income taxpayer —
people making between $7,000 to $12 or
$13,000 a year who carry now a very large
tax burden.
I think this is one of the major examples
of the way in which the Liberal and
Conservative governments have been in
league with the corporations. In my
speeches, I have said that the government
makes concessions available to the
corporations, the corporations then finance
the government party during election
campaigns and both of them— the
corporations and the government— hold
hands in the taxpayers' pocket. This has
got to end.
CUP: MOST OF THOSE
CORPORATIONS ARE
FOREIGN-OWNED. WHAT MEASURES
WILL THE NDP TAKE IF ELECTED TO
HALT THE TAKEOVER OF THE
CANADIAN ECONOMY BY FOREIGN
CORPORATIONS?
LEWIS: As a matter of fact, I've often said
a very large number of the corporations
that enjoy the tax concessions, and tax
deferrals and allowances are foreign-owned.
What has really happened is we've enabled
them to buy up the Canadian economy
with public funds— with our own
money — because of the concessions we've
given them. At the same time, they pay ho
taxes in Canada, they send out large sums
of money in interest, dividends, in
management fees, in research fees and
what-not to their parent corporations in
the United States or Japan or West
Germany or wherever they may be.
The whole thing is cock-eyed. We talk
about foreign control of the economy and
then we make public funds available to
them to increase their control. We opposed
the government take-over bill because it
was a meaningless, useless gesture even by
the government. And we stopped that bill
because we didn't see any reasons why that
kind of stupid legislation should be on the
statute books, and people would think the
issue of foreign ownership has been dealt
with, when in fact it has not.
We have suggested for many years an
effective Canada development corporation
which would buy into many of the
foreign-owned    corporations —    not
necessarily take them over, although in
some cases that might be useful — but buy
into them and become partners and have
some control over them. We have suggested
agencies that would monitor their
activities, make certain they do not send
money out of this country that just isn't
justifiable, make certain they will not close
down plants in order to produce elsewhere
and   create   unemployment   in   Canada,
which has happened fairly often, and
generally to see to it that the Canadian
control over these corporations is
increased.
That can't come overnight. You can't
change a situation that has developed over
a century — you can't change that
overnight. But a beginning has to be made
and we would make a very effective and
very determined start to reverse the trend
and increase Canadian control and decrease
foreign control of the economy.
CUP: WOULD THE NDP HAVE
POLICIES TO DEAL WITH
DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY
INDUSTRY WHERE MOST OF THE
JOBS LIE?
LEWIS: It's not that most of the economy
is in the primary industry. Most of the
investment has gone to the primary
industry, I think that's what you mean.
That, of course, has distorted development
in Canada. It's done two things.
We've given a much larger proportion of
inve stable capital into the resource
industries so that we are depleting our
resources at a very fast rate because
corporations make a fast buck doing it and
because governments are concerned with
GNP figures and large export figures.
There's no consideration of the future.
This situation produces another thing as
well Because we have concentrated on the
resource industries so much, it was almost
inevitable for foreign capital to come in,
because they require such immense
amounts of capital.
We've calculated, for example, that over
the 10 years from 1961 to 1971, to create
and hold a job in the resource industries
required an investment of $66,000 as
compared with $13,900 in manufacturing.
So you have to spend five times as much in
resource industries as you do in
manufacturing to create a job. That has
twisted priorities in this country.
It has had another very disadvantageous
effect on the economy. Every time you
undertake investment that invites foreign
capital, you necessarily push the value of
the Canadian dollar up and when you do
that your export industry suffers.
So the whole thing is crazy, and entirely
because governments and business in
Canada have invited foreign capital to
exploit us and own us.
I've often said I don't accuse the
Americans of raping us because as a lawyer
I know you can't have rape when there's
been invitation and consent. And that's
been the situation in our economy.
Therefore we've said for a long time
that we have to redirect the allocation of
investment. There has to be investment
planning in Canada. The investment should
be directed to secondary industry and the
service industry where the jobs are and not
as much to the resource industries. You
must insist, impose and enforce the
processing of primary resources in Canada
instead of shipping most of them out. By
far the largest proportion of our
resources — minerals — in Canada are
shipped out in a concentrated form rather
than finally processed.
And you'll never solve the problem of
the under-developed areas in Canada,
particularly those areas where the resources
lie — like northern Ontario and northern
Manitoba — unless, in addition to
processing the primary resources in those
communities, you build secondary industry
around them. It's not enough merely to say
you    direct    your   investment    toward
secondary industry — toward
manufacturing, processing and service
industries.
In our view, you have to do more than
that in the Canadian situation. You have to
undertake a very lively program of
rationalization of our branch plant
economy. But that can't be done and
won't be done by private enterprise alone
because why the devil should they? They
•make profits from the situation as it has
existed, so why the hell should they spend
a lot of money rationalizing the industry?
Having only one or two plants producing
refrigerators instead of nine — that sort of
thing.
That will only be done by public
enterprise and a public investment program
to assist in making our manufacturing
complex more sensible.
CUP: HOW ARE YOU GOING TO STOP
THE RISE IN THE COST OF LIVING IF
ELECTED?
LEWIS: Well, there are several areas within
that. I'm particularly concerned at the
moment with the rise in the cost of food.
Food takes such a very large proportion of
the budget of poor families and even
middle class families.
In he case of the poor, if the food cost
is very high, they simply don't get
nutritious food. They buy cheaper stuff.
They avoid buying expensive foods or the
more expensive foods and that necessarily
means an unbalanced diet, which is what is
occuring.
In the case of the rising price of food,
we don't have all the information, I must
say frankly. Therefore we have demanded a
thorough enquiry into the price spreads,
because our statistics show the farmer is
getting an ever smaller proportion of the
food dollar. Over the years, it's gone down
and the consumer has to spend more all the
time. Somewhere in between the producer
and the consumer there's a frightful spread.
I'm confident investigation would show
that that spread is due to a very large rise
in profits of the supermarket, a very
considerable rise in profits by the food
processing companies and an immense
anti-social waste in advertising promotion,
fancy packaging, etc., all of which the
consumer pays for.
If I'm right in my analysis of the
problem, then the answer is there. We
would have to impose price controls over
food and do something, probably through
the tax system, to reduce the cost of
advertising and promotion. If a company
can deduct, for taxable purposes, only a
percentage of what it spends on
advertising, then it would probably spend
less.
Some way has to be found to reduce
this total waste of one company continuing
to advertise and compete among its own
products. They produce more than one
kind of toothpaste and they have a
program for competition among their own
brands of toothpaste. They're probably
exactly the same except they carry
different names. This kind of waste of
money is what the consumer has to pay
for.
The other element in the rise of the cost
of living is shelter. In this case, mortgage
rates have to come down, the speculation
in land has to be stopped, and houses have
to be built at a cost which would enable
people — young people in particular — to
buy or to rent accomodation at a
reasonable rent. These two areas— food
and shelter — are definitely controlable. Page 8
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
horse-sense l<
With unemployment and inflation setting records,
as we head into the homestretch of the election, let's
get the politicos' assessments of these problems.
"From the Great Lake waters to the Arctic
Circle, this land was made for you and me," says the
encumberment, P. E. Trudeau.
"From Bonavista to Vancouver Island, this land
was made for you and me," says the imposition, R.
L. Stanfell.
"Corporate Welfare Bums you see, living off
disparity," says the giant corporations' Little David
Slewus.
"One, two three,money should be free," and from
down on the farm, Real Cowchette.
Nc
low that we have heard from the politicians, let's
try the elusive economists. Remember the Prices
and Incomes Commission? It seems after three
years the P.I.C. did find out something.
Orthodox theory states that unemployment and
inflation cannot exist at the same time. Very
reluctantly the P.I.C. abandoned this elegant theory
owing to certain discrepancies between fact and
fantasy. They happened to notice that unemployment and inflation did and do exist concurrently.
Furthermore they perceived that whenever this
impossible result occurred, unemployment in certain regions of Canada was low while in other regions
of Canada unemployment was high. All regions
experienced rising prices.
Prodded by these discouraging facts, the P.I.C.
retreated to the endless deserted tracts of economic
journals and discovered that in Economica, vol. 27
[1960] R. G. Lipsey had written a promising article.
"The Relation Between Unemployment and the Rate
of Change of Money Wage Rates ..."
It seems that if labor is not perfectly mobile with
respect to location and occupation, then it is possible
to have unemployment in one labor market and
shortages in another labor market which the
unemployed workers cannot enter. This results in
rising prices with simultaneous unemployment.
As a result inflation is related as much to the
distribution of unemployment as to the aggregate
level of unemployment. In all cases increased
aggregate demand will raise employment but the
distribution of unemployment will effect the tradeoff
between unemployment and inflation.
I he land is strong — Trudeau is puzzled. Why is
there unemployment? To have as we have unemployment of over seven per cent, Liberal policies
must be and have been woefully inadequate. The
government has failed.
The Liberals say that they are surprised by the
growth of the labor force in Canada. However the
Economic Council of Canada predicted this expansion a decade ago. One of the firmer predictions
of social science is that people who are 10 years old
today are likely to be 20 in 10 years time.
To speak of this as a challenge is deception. We
can have any level of employment the government
wishes. Indeed the expansion of the labor has built in
job creating effects but many such as housing starts
have been blunted by Liberal economic policy.
In the first two years of his reign Trudeau's
policies were tragically unsuccessful. When the
Trudeau administration moved grudgingly to
reverse these policies inflation shot up while
unemployment stayed the same or increased,
because the increase in demand effected mainly low
unemployment labor markets.
This raises the question of regional economic
policies intended to lower unemployment in high
unemployment regions. The Liberal policy has been
to subsidize capital, only with Department of
Regional Economic Expansion grants and by many
other more subtle means.
Tn. N. Brewis in his book Regional Economic
Policy in Canada considers this policy to be completely wrong and the cause of the failure of policies
intended to help regional disparity. He cites a particularly gross abuse; an oil company was given tax
concessions and grants that totalled $30,000 per job to
build an oil refinery in the poor province of Alberta.
A doctoral thesis done at Harvard by G. R.
Springate reveals that two-thirds of the projects that
received DREE grants would have invested where
they did without DREE grants. The effect of the
grants was to subsidize capital and to actually
reduce' the number of jobs that would have been
available.
The few jobs that DREE create amongst the other
one-third of the corporations were from occupations
with low rates of unemployment and furthermore,
the people were largely recruited from outside the
particular region.
As is pointed out by Eric Kierans, the Liberal
cabinet minister who resigned over Liberal
economic policies, the systematic subsidization of
capital over labor through DREE grants, through
accelerated depreciation, through depletion
allowances, deferred taxes, etc. build secular long-
run unemployment into the economy.
A very significant part of Kierans' analysis is1
based on a complex dynamic dis-equilibrium model.
This is beyond the scope of this article. However, we
c5n get a rough sense of his analysis by considering,
what some of Canada's most respected economists,
Scott, Pearse and Moore of UBC and a senior
executive of the Bank of Montreal said about the
Mackenzie Valley pipeline.
The massive capital investment will create few
and temporary jobs. Few of these will go to people
from the regions, yet the society of the native people
will be disrupted. The fortunate ones in Canada that
are employed will face tremendous social and
dislocation costs associated with the difficult reentry into other sectors of the economy once their
jobs terminate. In the meantime the increased value
of the Canadian dollar resulting from the massive
capital inflows will have virtually bankrupted other
jobs producing sectors of the Canadian economy.
Trudeau seems to now realize some of the aspects
of the problem. On a free-time CBC political
broadcast (Oct. 20) he stated a revised Liberal policy
of spreading the investment over a number of years.
Although it may be advisable to spread
detrimental effects over a time period rather than
enduring them in one gulp the Liberals seem to be
avoiding the obvious choice, that of not suffering any
adverse effects at all, since it is doubtful the pipeline
is economically feasible.
We
"e can do better — Robert Stanfield and the
Progressive Conservative team is concerned. Their
concern in regard to the unemployed seems to relate
more to their collecting of unemployment insurance
benefits than to their lack of jobs.
The undertone of the Conservatives is that the
labor force is lazy, and that all that is necessary to
restore full employment is a little Stanfield "sternness".
It is worth thinking about the distributional effects of the Conservative policy of a cut in income
t^xes. This will plainly benefit much more the people
who make more than $10,000 a year than those who
make less than $10,000 a year. Similarly with the
Conservatives constant dollar tax plan. Such a policy
is obviously very inequitable.
This doesn't concern the Conservatives. Cowboy
Jack Horner, leader of the right whig Conservatives
(if you are in need of a horsebreaking hero to worship
read Macleans'October election issue) say, ". . . the
higher the income tax, the more you turn off the
industrious, energetic people who are trying to
contribute to the growth of this country."
One of the more serious problems of this
productivity argument is that in most cases it is only
not true but the opposite is true. For example, the
doctors who make the most money work the least
number of hours and the doctors who make the least
work the most.
In other words the labor supply of upper income
groups is probably backward bending as income
rises, leisure increasingly dominating work. Thus a
reduction in income tax will probably reduce the
total production of these higher income groups.
Cowboy Jack must be advocating some rough and
tough western justice where you get your produce or
what economists call the marginal productivity
theory of income distribution. This argument
depends on the perfect competition free entry
assumption, ignores the ability of capitalists to
externalize risks etc., and has noting to do with
justice.
This article ,
fourth-year honor*
Murray Smith ai Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE      UBYSSEY
Page 9
ok at economics
5 written by
ronom/cs students
Don   Weisbeck.
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With elementary economic analysis it can be
shown that if capital is held constant and the workers
work harder then production increases, but the wage
rate decreases.
So the Conservative proposed income tax cuts are
inequitable, could reduce production, and have
nothing to do with anybody's notion of justice. It is
oink. oink. oink all the wav to the troueh.
Stanfield seems to have a point when he makes
the general statement that the economy needs
stimulating. In order for the Conservatives stated
intention of a general reduction in taxes to be effective this must be accompanied by a huge deficit
($3 billion) and high inflation in excess of 10 per cent.
Does anyone seriously think that the Conservatives have the intestinal fortitude to persist in
this situation? No they will implement the other part
of their program and we quote from a PC advertisement "these tax cuts can be financed by the
elimination of waste in the government spending".
We probably all agree that there is waste in
government as there is in big and little business and
in our homes. However, it is questionable that the
Conservatives will deal more effectively with waste
in government than the Liberal or Conservatives
have in the past.
What the Conservatives mean when they say
waste is all those frivolous programs like LIP and
OFY that have been one of the Liberal government's
best policies and have helped to alleviate structural
unemployment in one of the groups that has been hit
the hardest, people under age 25.
However, even in the improbable event that the
Conservatives are referring to defence expenditures,
the implication still is that aggregate demand will be
reduced. Simultaneous tax cuts and expenditure cuts
have a negative multiplier!!! In 1932 when Roosevelt
was first elected president he did exactly that, cut
taxes and expenditures (the private corporate sector
will do the job!) unemployment soared sending the
U.S. deeper into the depression. It will happen here if
the Conservatives stick to their pledge to attack
massive government spending. The situation is bad
at the moment but with the Conservatives the
unemployment situation will be a lot worse with far
fewer jobs and Stanfield "sternness" towards bums.
M<
lore for your money — more for you — Real
Caouette is confused. The only credit that Social
Credit deserves is in regard to their guaranteed
annual income scheme but their version suffers from
Social Credit "improvements". Their monetary
policy hasn't changed from the funny money days of
the thirties. The improvement of the education level
of the labor force in Canada since the thirties has
unfortunately had little effect on Social Credit policy.
They seem confused about the distinction between
the money supply which is a stock and GNP which is
a flow. For example they seem to think that if you
wish to travel from Vancouver to Montreal then the
speed of the car must equal the distance. Hard to
believe? Read their pamphlets with this distinction
in mind.
At least their monetary crank policies provide
some comic relief compared to the tragic despair
engendered by some of the serious parties.
Corporate welfare bums — Mr. Lewis is angry.
Probably no issue in the election has generated so
much heat but there seems to be at least as much
smoke as illumination. Lewis has deluged us with
figures and examples while businessmen and
business writers have protested violently.
The state of the issue is businessmen are not evil
when they pressure government for concessions and
take advantage of them. That is what we expect
businessmen to do.
The Liberals are wrong or very deceptive when
they say the tax reform has solved the problem. This
was not the strongest area of the Carter commission
on taxation published in 1966. The Carter commission
was seriously diluted in Benson's White Paper in
1969. The White Paper was seriously diluted in the
1971 tax reform. An economist who worked on the
Carter commission told us in confidence that the tax
reform has changed the situation little although the
legislation is much more complicated.
It is this situation along with fringe benefits like
DREE grants that leads former Liberal cabinet
minister Kierans to conclude that there is systematic
subsidization of capital for large corporations,-
particularly foreign multi-national corporations.
Kierans has unpublished data from the treasury
board relating to the amount of total profits that are
taxable showing that in 1968 the per cent of all profits
taxable for companies with less than $1,000,000 profit
is 76 per cent, for profits between $1-5 million 70 per
cent, between $5-6 million 64 per cent and for over $25
million 47 per cent. This preferential subsidization
builds unemployment into the structure of the
economy and makes the business cycle more severe
and unstable.
These and other remarks about Kierans are based
on a paper to be presented to the Canadian
Economics Association "Contribution of the Tax
System to Canada's Unemployment and Ownership
Problems."
Lewis then seems to have done fairly well on how
not to create unemployment. What about positive
policies?
The New Democratic Party say they will increase
spending in pollution control and research. That they
will put more money into the hands of consumers by
making low interest loans available for a variety of
housing programs, by increasing pensions absolutely
and with respect to the cost of living, and finally by
reducing income taxes for low income Canadians.
These policies will have two major effects on the
combined problem of unemployment and inflation.
First of all the structural features of this demand
will tend to create employment among groups that
are presently unemployed because the young and the
unskilled find entry into service industries the most
feasible opportunity. Many regions of high unemployment will have consumer spending stimulated
and the consumption of low income groups probably
has a larger multiplier effect regionally and
nationally.
The result will be that higher levels of employment could be achieved without significant increase in inflation.
Secondly these policies make stronger anti-
unemployment action more humane by protecting
pensioners and low income groups from the inroads
of inflation. With these policies inflation ceases to be
a serious problem and it can act as the allocative
mechanism in the market since prices are inflexible
downward.
There is little that the free market boys, the neoclassical liberal economists, can find to fault with the
NDP program.
The Canadian economy seems to be plagued by
the same misallocation often attributed to the Soviet
Union, the use of unwarranted capital intensive
techniques.
Solving this problem would help to reduce
unemployment and would put Canadian small
business and the Canadian owned manufacturing
industry on a more equal footing with foreign multinational corporations.
Increased expenditures on social problems will
reduce unemployment and by reducing unemployment will reduce the inflation inherent in a low
unemployment economy. They will also mitigate the
distributional effects of inflation^
The NDP would seem to be stating what is true,
namely that since we have significant unemployment we can use this wasted resource to provide
for the housing and consumption needs of the poor
and the elderly, buy back the equity in our own
economic infrastructure, develop our resources and
talents, and restore and protect our environment.
"There can be constructive paid work for all since
there is much to do, much to build, much to change",
from an NDP pamphlet.
As for us, we are going to be like Aunt Maude, we
will not say we told you so but remember you read it
here first when the report of the Economic Council of
Canada (it has been delayed by the Liberals) comes
out after the election. In the meantime all you will
hear is the politicians, all together now:
"This land is your land, this land is my land
(anybody want some candy, er incentives). Page  10
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Commitments:
We suffer no lack of challenges in Canada today. We do suffer,
in my opinion, a serious lack of commitment on the part of
government to meet these challenges. I would like to talk with
you now about four I feel to be most urgent.
JOBS: Right now, more than half a million Canadians are
without jobs, one of the highest unemployment rates in the
; industrialized world. In Quebec, one in eleven is jobless; in
Newfoundland, one in nine; among young Canadians, one in
five; among our native people, three in five. Well over two
million people are directly affected.
Canada can do better. My government would make the
creation of jobs its first priority.
My government would immediately reduce personal income
taxes, to stimulate consumer demand, to create jobs. We would
eliminate the 11% Federal sales tax on building materials to
encourage construction, because construction means jobs. We
would encourage the further processing of our raw materials
here, because that means jobs.
My government would expand the retraining opportunities
available through the Department of Manpower, and make that
agency much more aggressive in searching
out job vacancies.
My government would insist on greater
long range planning of special job-creating
activities—such as summer youth
employment—so that the communities to be
served could be involved from the outset,
and so that jobs could be found for those
whose need is most pressing.
Further, my government would act to
strengthen our job-creating potential for the
future. We would increase direct
government investment in research and
technology, and expedite the process by
which Canadian innovations can be
marketed around the world.
PRICES: What cost you five dollars four years ago right now
costs you six. The poor people of Canada, the elderly and those
on fixed incomes, have suffered most from this kind of inflation,
but clearly it affects the earnings and savings of all Canadians.
And, because it makes Canada's exports less competitive,
inflation affects a good many jobs as well. The government I lead
would tackle this problem directly.
First of all, my government would calculate its tax revenues
in terms of constant rather than inflated dollars, so as to
eliminate the Treasury Board's vested interest in inflation.
We would strengthen the role of the Auditor General,
so that unproductive government spending, which
contributes hot a little to the inflationary cycle, might be
revealed and reduced.
We would support the cost-of-living escalator formula for
those receiving old age and guaranteed income security benefits.
And, should the need ever arise, my government
would be prepared to use temporary wage and price controls
to combat inflation.
ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE: Fifty-eight percent of
Canada's manufacturing industry is foreign controlled,
and there have been almost as many foreign takeovers since
Mr. Trudeau took over as in the previous ten years.
Mr. Trudeau's recent legislation does not begin to meet the
problem: it fails to correct a situation in which it is easier for
foreign than for domestic corporations to effect takeovers;
further, it fails to increase a Canadian presence in existing
subsidiaries, and fails to provide for full financial disclosure by
those subsidiaries.
My government would enact the changes necessary to make
this legislation truly effective. Beyond that, we would revise the
Bank Act to make certain that venture capital was available for the
expansion of existing Canadian firms, or the creation of new ones.
My government, in concert with the provinces, would develop
new programs to ensure the rapid growth of our entrepreneurial
and managerial talent pools.
And we would, again together with the provinces, establish
and define key sectors of the economy which are to be considered
reserved for Canadian ownership.
THE ENVIRONMENT: Half of Canada's
urban centres with populations of a
thousand or more lack any sewage treatment,
and a further third have only the
most rudimentary equipment. The Trudeau
government's Ministry of the Environment
is not really a ministry at all, since many of
its regulations are enforced by a variety of
other government agencies.
We can, and absolutely must do much
more to protect Canada.
My government would first of all create
an Environmental Council to monitor, and
disseminate information upon the quality of
our environment, and recommend measures
to parliament.
My government would encourage the development of large-
scale anti-pollution industries in Canada.
It would, together with the provinces, act to stiffen the
penalties for all forms of environmental neglect, whether to our
air, soil, or water, international waters included.
It would use a variety of financial incentives to assist industry
to invest in pollution control equipment.
It would create a co-ordinated Department of the Environment.
I would say again that we face no lack of tasks, no want of
challenges anywhere in this land...in our cities and towns, on our
small farms, and across the open reaches of our north.
We can meet none of them if we cannot create jobs, if we
cannot protect the savings of those who work, cannot assume
greater control over our own economy, cannot live in harmony
with nature.
I am confident that we can do these things, and a great many
more, if we are wisely and honestly led.
My government will strive to provide that kind of leadership.
You have my word.
A P.C. government can do better.
Sponsored by the Youth Committee to elect Robert Stanfield. Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE       UBYSSEY
Page 11
Election purposes change act
OTTAWA (CUP) — Conflicting statements
from representatives of the Liberal and
Progressive Conservative parties about recent
changes in the federal Elections Act indicate
the facts have been rearranged for election
purposes.
The Liberals claim the new voting
procedures for students resulted from prime
minister Pierre Trudeau's concern that
students would not be able to choose where they
voted this election.
Student Liberals president Bob Dundas told
CUP Friday that under the old legislation
students didn't have a choice of where they
could vote.
He said the proxy system was adopted
because the prime minister wanted to enfranchise as many students as possible.
According to another Liberal official under
the old act, students were subject to residence
regulations similar to present ones. Students
must now be willing to swear they are on their
own and their ordinary residence is in the
riding close to the university if they wish to vote
there. Otherwise they must vote in their
parents' riding, usually by proxy. The changes
were initiated by the Liberal government, the
official added.
The Liberal statements do not concur with
information supplied to CUP by the chief
electoral officer's department.
Under the old legislation, students could
choose where they wised to vote — in their
parents' riding or the school riding. There were
no residence requirements like the present
ones. Students were thus in a privileged
position compared to the rest of Canada's
electorate, because they had that choice of
where to vote with no strings attached.
Progressive Conservative leader Robert
Stanfield has expressed his concern over the
new voting regulations for students. In a letter
sent to every Canadian student newspaper,
Stanfield said he opposes the changes and
proposed the regulations revert to giving
students the option of choosing which constituency they can vote in.
The original letter was sent to Rick Boomier
of Acadia University in Nova Scotia where
Stanfield was once premier.
This is ironic because Nova Scotia Tory
Michael Forrestal introduced the controversial
rule change. He moved an amendment to the
Election Act on Feb. 26,1970 during hearings of
the Standing Committee on Privileges and
Elections. The amendment was incorporated
into a bill passed by the House of Commons that
changed the voting regulations.
Probably the most interesting sidelights of
the whole affair is the lowering of the voting
age to 18. The Liberals are taking credit for this
manoeuver because of their concern for young
people.
After the 1963 election, the same committee
unanimously recommended the voting age be
lowered to 18, and it took the Liberals seven
years to act.
He reached out for the sensual and
was burned by it.
Richard Chamberlain in
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Elect
RUPERT BEEBE
Your independent candidate for QUADRA
The only candidate that can give you true unbiased representatioa
* * *
TOOLS:
1,116 candidates are seeking 264 seats. This means that the national vote
will be split four ways, and with none of the parties in a strong position
some type of coalition will result If you elect a party follower, if you elect
Nixon, Clarke or Deachman, you will elect a tool - a tool that will have to
vote with the party - a tool that is paid by you, yet cannot work for you.
But RUPERT BEEBE can work for you, he is not a tooL RUPERT BEEBE
is Independent He is the only candidate that can give you true unbiased
representation in Ottawa.
* * *
RUPERT BEEBE SUPPORTS:
1. Disclosure of the sources of all campaign funds.
2. A return to democracy by the use of the multiple choice vote or the
equivalent
3. Continuous radio broadcast of all. sessions of Parliament
4. Revision of the Banking system to provide a source of operating capital
for new and expanding enterprises.
5. New simplified Securities regulations to permit the direct sale of shares
in new and expanding companies.
6. A statute to require a high Canadian Content on all retail shelves.
7. Revision   of  Education   policies   to   teach   more   Enterprise   and
Management We need leaders, not followers. We need employers, not
employees.
* * *
RUPERT BEEBE also believes that the voters should know what their M.P.
is doing. He promises a monthly report and questionnaire, in your local
paper.
* * *
RUPERT BEEBE invites you to join him at a table (main floor) in the
Student Union Building, Thursday, Oct 26, for questions and discussion.
* * *
"Jobs do not happen, they are created."
Oct. 30 VOTE BEEBE Quadra
r^r^RF^^g^FF^t^^rara^ra^WF Page  12
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Restructuring without tampering
Vicki Obedkoff, student council arts
rep attended the speakers and
education committee's Death of
Progress symposium this weekend.
What follows are her reflections on
some of the vital issues raised by the
participants and resource people.
Resource people were Brewster and
Cathy Kneen of Nova Scotia, Nelson
Allan of Nanaimo and SFU sociologist
Ernest Becker. The Kneens moved
from Toronto, where Brewster worked
for the CBC and now work on their
livestock farm.
Nelson Allan teaches English at a
junior high school in Nanaimo and ran
as an independent in the past provincial election.
Many students of the university
community interpret the university
experience as a transient preparatory
situation to "real-life" situations. The
syndrome of progress affects all of our
perspectives on a working future with
Canadian society; the university
community is as essential as other
areas.
The Maritimes have suffered the
infliction of "progressive" programs
geared to the alleviation of economic
depression. The dual danger includes
the establishment of a program serving
one-dimensional progress and the
misinterpretation of a situation as
depressed or sub-standard.
A notable atrocity involved the
relocation of entire Newfoundland
outpost communities to "growth"
centres when the economic situation
was in fact not viewed as depressed by
the outpost residents.
The motivating theory was the
"raising" of the standard of living and
the provision of more sophisticated
opportunities for the fishermen living
on the isolated coastal fringes. The
people were torn from their roots and
grouped in communities by the expectation of work ... in fact little work
was available.
A further paradox of "progress" was
the construction of a phosphate plant
on Placenta Bay, guaranteed to employ
hundreds of fishermen. The plant in
reality had few openings for the
technically untrained fishermen, killed
off the fish which had previously been
the basis of the fishermen's existence
and will in all probability soon be obsolete due to the deadly pollution of
Death of progress
phosphates.
Understandably, given the correctly
interpreted need for community restructuring, t"here are ways of
responding to economic problems
without radically tampering with
traditionally self-sustaining lifestyles.
For example, Brewster suggested
that Nova Scotia's economic situation
would drastically change if the people
bought imported produce only when
they ran out of local produce.
Positively effective on the economy of:
not, this choice involves the acceptance
of a "lowered" standard of living.
Debate on what is luxury and what is
neeessity would ultimately involve the
re-interpretation and the deletion of
certain material expectations. A re-
evaluation of our society's compulsive
"progress" towards a "better"
standard of living might transform
exploitative occupations, which feed
material appetites, into meaningful
work.
However, the designation of work
and its qualifying notation
"meaningful", for the individual and
the community, infers that much
critical and honest energy must be
spent in re-examining work relationships. It is safe to think of work as
"finding a job" . . . educating oneself
in order to fit into a niche already
existing and hopefully waiting for one.
The present dilemma is now, Cathy
notes: "Instead of what can I do with
my life, it has become where can I get a
job — finding work is just too damn
scary."
A reluctance to dare to hope for work
which enables the expression of the
whole person is apparent in the panic of
students who are not able to identify
with existing forms of modern work
and yet feel compelled to choose one of
them.
Education should liberate and shape
critical faculties which can be useful in
the assessment of one's experience in
the world beyond school. Unfortunately, expectations of
"education" too often contain the
assumption that personal "progress"
and worth are proportional to the
amount of education experienced.
Brewster suggested there is an
alienation of the "working" class from
the "intellectual" life and that a
falsely-valued split between manual
and mental work causes this. We often
assign a superior "value" to mental
work in spite of false abstractions of
mental from physical work.
There is a danger in "rating" the
validity of work merely by its affinity
to either mental occupation or physical
occupation. Ernest Becker quite
rightfully objects to classing all intellectual work as abstracted activity,
but we must also work to an integration
of mental and physical work which is
freed from falsely-based value
judgments.
"Progression" is often equated with
the obtaining of comfortable jobs freed
of the need to work manually. I'm not
suggesting that we glorify physical
labour nor pack the professional intellectuals off to the farm, although
both are happening in China.
China, however, is not our social
context and we cannot pretend that our
society has chosen to build an alternative society nor is even educating its
citizens into desiring one.
The reactions arise from social
evidence that people are economically
penalized for being trapped in manual
jobs exclusive of intellectual
stimulation and that intellectually
defined jobs are economically favoured
despite their varying qualitative
natures. One must be critical of the
social norms or values that define
work, realizing that economically-
defined assessments are merely the
symptoms of underlying socially-
sanctioned values.
In their choice of "meaningful"
work, the Kneens are not to be thought
of as a model or as a formula for the
re-discovery of the authentic human
activity. During the discussions, they
were charged with the simplistic
romanticism of the "back to the land"
trip, charged with subscribing to the
assumption of the only authentic
person being the historic small farmer.
Rather, they appear to have chosen to
contribute to a troubled and exploitative economy by- a means they
consider to be relatively non-
exploitative. They intend to become
highly integrated with their community, identify with and help shape
the expectations of their community.
And openness to the collective
phenomenon was urged. One cannot in
any way escape society in attempting
to liberate oneself, and thus liberation
must be thought of in terms of a
collective consciousness.
I was impressed with Cathy's emphasis on operating out of one's own
cultural context. We choose out of our
own situation and cannot pretend to
"go back to the roots".
Cathy suggested it would be
dishonest for her to pretend to be a
"peasant" rather than to acknowledge
that she has chosen farming work to
which she has brought her own past
experiences and knowledge.
We must be aware of what social
forces have shaped our identities and to
what degree we are dependent on or
enmeshed in our social context. Out of
the awareness of present identity, we
can chose to work towards alternate
life-styles.
Obviously, I've only touched on some
of the questions raised. Perhaps I can
briefly mention the concept of co-
creation in relation to "progress" and
work.
Co-creation is a recognition that we
must share the responsibilities for
creating or shaping our world. The
world is changed by what we do. In
considering "meaningful" work, we
must opt for the co-creative process
over manipulative and exploitative
means. Respect for environmental
elements and recognition of community-building implications are
obvious if one accepts the process of
"co-creation" as does Nelson Allen.
I will end by mentioning an
inevitable problem of progress entitled
the "747 paradox" by the Kneens. They
were enabled to share themselves with
us via the shining symbol of technical
progress . . . the jet.
What do we do with this?
Can we condemn the undoubted
fragmentation of assembly-line occupations which produced the jet and
yet not acknowledge its usefulness?
The definition for meaningful work
certainly cannot simplistically dismiss
"technology" as a diseased end.
Somehow we must come to grips with
the paradoxes inherent in examination
of the notion of progress and attempt to
re-shape it according to human needs.
Feed-back to these reflections is
invited, either to The Ubyssey or the
forthcoming arts undergraduate
society newspaper.
GREAT PUMPKIN
BICYCLE RACE
Oct 31 at 12:30
Raffle tickets are available in
SUB or the Main Gym
every day.
rushant
** CAMERAS     *
4538 W.10 224-5858
NEVER UNDERSOLD!
RESERVE OFFICER
UNIVERSITY TRAINING PLAN
. become part of Canada's active Naval Reserve
. learn seamanship, navigation & leadership skills
. one night a week during the academic year
. four months summer employment in the sea environment at
$400 a month
Interested?   -cometohmcsdiscovery,
Stanley Park, Tuesday at 8 p.m.
- call Capt. Harrison at 266-4375
OPENS TOMORROW
MACBETH
—A ROCK OPERA—
by Richard Ouzounian and Marek Norman
October 25-November 4
8:30 p.m.
U.B.C. OLD AUDITORIUM
Student Performances - October 29 - 30
$1.00   $1.50
FURTHER INFORMA TION 228-3176 RESERVA TIONS Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE       UBYSSEY
Page  13
Library opening set back again
By DAVID SCHMIDT
The opening of the new Sedgewick
library is now set for the beginning of
next term.
"We want to try and disrupt the
university as little as possible, so when
we move we will close the old
Sedgewick down and move everything
at once," Ture Erikson, head of the
Sedgewick library, said Monday.
"The best time for this would be
either the last four days before
Christmas or the first four days after
New Year, Erikson said.
However, if we move in January then
it will be February before Asian studies
will be able to move down to the old
Sedgewick,"jhe said. "So, if we do not
move before Christmas, then the
subsequent moves could also be
completed before the start of the
second term.
"We will probably shut down our
operations from Dec. 19 to Dec. 23 and
move to the new library during those
four days," he said.
Erikson said he realizes moving
before Christmas would mean moving
while some people are still writing
exams.
"If some people are really desperate
for material they could ask for it at the
main library and we could try to locate
it and provide them with it.
"If we find that student opposition to
moving at this time is strong, it is
possible that we will have to delay our
move until second term," he said.
Company-labor problems have
caused much of the delay in opening
the library which was scheduled to be
ready for the fall term.
"Because of two lockout-strikes, one
during excavation and one this summer, the contractor's completion date
has been extended from last May 24 to
the end of November," Erikson said.
Even that date could be extended due
to a current strike by elevator
engineers, he said.
"Until the elevator which is used to
return books to the stacks is put in, we
can not open the building," Erikson
said. "The volume of books which have
to be moved each day makes it im
possible   to   operate   without   an
elevator."
Once the contractor has signed the
building over to the university,
physical plant will have to make
several changes and corrections which
have been decided on since the contract
was let.
Generally though the library is
satisfied with the new building.
"Everything possible has been done to
ensure the student's comfort," Erikson
said.
Study space for 1200 students has
been provided and there is seating and
working space for another 600 students.
The study areas have been spread
out over the entire building. There are
carrels and work benches on the top
floor and around the stacks on the
lower floor.
Rather than put all the carrels in one
huge open theatre, the use of zigzag
wooden wall patterns has created a
maze of small individual study areas.
This individual effect has been increased by making the walls of various
heights and raising the floors in some
of these enclaves.
The carrels, work benches, and
chairs have all been specifically
designed to meet student needs. The
tables are two inches lower than the
standard height. The chairs have also
been redesigned for maximum comfort, Erikson said.
The drums which are encasing the
trees have been used to provide
privacy for studying. Conservation
areas have been built in the Student
Union Building mode, behind many of
the drums.
For the first time on campus,
smoking will be permitted in the
library study areas.
"Often two students come in wanting
to study together and one smokes while
one doesn't. We are going to let them
smoke, the only thing we will ask is that
they use one of the disposable ashtrays
we are providing," he said.
By separating the study areas, we
hope that those students who don't
smoke will be able to find an area to
study that is free of smoke," Erikson
said.
Another new concept in designing the
library was a flow through pattern of
streets on each level.
The ground level features a concrete
mall along the top with landscaped
gardens on the sides.
The library can be reached from
either end of the mall by a set of stairs
leading onto a subterranean street.
This street passes right through the
library bypassing the checkout turnstiles so that people can go in, drop off
their books and exit without interference. Along the side of this area,
provision has been made for conversation pits, vending machines and
coin copiers.
The bottom level of the two storey
structure has been designed with the
stacks forming the street. All the
stacks will be in one long row with
aisles and workbenches on the end for
quick browsing and an aisle down the
centre.
"We hope that this system will mean
it is easier for students to make their
way in the library and to find the books
they want quickly," Erikson said.
The other occupant of the new library
will be the Wilson record library and
listening room, now located underneath the fine arts division.
In the new area, the listening room
will have 84 separate listening carrels,
rather than the current 16 unit table.
"The carrels will be situated along
the perimeter of the record library and
in five rows along the end. Each one is
an individual unit with a clear table for
working and a turntable mounted on
the shelf above," said John Kay, head
of the Wilson listening room.
"This will mean students have to
stand up to put the needle on their
record but they will have free working
area while they are listening," said
Kay.
With the move, the record library is
switching to a computerized checking
system.
Records will be checked out just as
books are and print-out of the outstanding records will be available, Kay
said.
Erikson hopes that hours in the new
library can be extended and that the
central concourse with its attendant
facilities will be open 24 hours a day.
Kay said the record library hours
will remain unchanged.
"We haven't been able to get staff
allocations to permit longer hours," he
said.
With all its space, the new library
still is no solution to the problem of
library overcrowding.
"Most of the space in the new library
is for students," said head librarian
Basil Stuart-Stubbs.
The stacks will hold 185,000 books
which is barely enough space for the
current Sedgewick collection with
some addtional space for future
acquisitions.
The old Sedgewick area will be taken
over by the map division, which is
moving out of the special collections
divisions into the second floor
Sedgewick study area and the Asian
studies division, which is leaving the
6th floor of the main library, to take
over the Sedgewick stacks.
"Right now, half of the books of the
Asian studies division are in storage
and these will come out, but, other than
that, no books will come out of
storage," Stuart-Stubbs said.
The space vacated by the map
division will be used to provide much
needed reading space for students
using the special collections. At
present, special collections does not
have any such area.
The Asian studies area will be used
for government publications and
microfilms divisions' expansion, said
Stuart-Stubbs.
The fine arts division will expand to
fill the space vacated by the Wilson
listening room.
Stuart-Stubbs said the books
currently in main library storage will
have to remain in storage.
"There's no place for them, even
with the new library," he said.
He said that the library has removed
85,000 volumes during this year and
will have to remove more unless more
space is provided.
"Unless we get another branch
library or a storage library within the
next two years, we are going to be
completely full," Stuart-Stubbs said.
NEW SEDGEWICK LIBRARY... carpeting an underground parking lot
—sucha Singh photo Page  14
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Tween classes
TODAY
GERMAN CLUB
Two films from German consulate,
International  House upper  lounge,
noon.
ECO
Donald    Chant    on   environmental
degradation, noon Angus 110.
CAMPUS CRUSADE
Beginning of second LTC series,  7
p.m. SUB 215.
ANGLICAN-UNITED CAMPUS
MINISTRY
Eucharist and soup, noon. Lutheran
Centre.
SAILING CLUB
Lecture, noon, SUB 205.
CANOE ft KAYAK CLUB
Meeting, noon, SUB 125.
ANTHRO-SOC UNDERGRAD
Meeting, noon, Angus 303.
WOMEN'S STUDIES
Meredith     Kimball    on    sex    role
socialization,     7:30     p.m.     SUB
ballroom.
CIVILIZATION
Free   noon   and   1:35   p.m.,   SUB
ballroom.
EXPERIMENTAL COLLEGE
Prof. Miller on "The Ethics of
Eugenic Engineering", noon. SUB
111.
WEDNESDAY
LATIN AMERICAN RESEARCH
GROUP
Film:    Blood   of   the   Condor,   50
cents, 8:30 p.m., SUB 207.
NDP
Nigel    Nixon,    noon,    SUB    clubs
lounge.
ONTOLOGY
Conrad French on love, the supreme
reality, noon Buch. 216
HILLEL
Lunch, noon, Hillel House.
CAMPUS MINISTRY
Growth   group   meeting,  3:30-5:30
p.m., Lutheran Centre.
Worship and soup, noon, Lutheran
Centre.
VCF
Film: Charlie Churchman, noon,
SUB auditorium
THURSDAY
DEATH OF PROGRESS
Poet Rona Murrey, noon, SUB clubs
lounge.
GAY PEOPLE
Meeting, noon, SUB 213.
CAMPUS CAVALIERS
Square   dancing,    noon-2:30,   SUB
207.
WARGAMERS
Tabletop, noon, SUB 119.
Avalon Hill, evening, SUB 216.
VOC
Used   outdoor   equipment   sale,   9
a.m.-5 p.m., SUB basement.
CAMPUS CRUSADE
Meeting,  8  p.m., 1962 Acadia Rd.
SIMS
Transcendental   meditation,   noon,
Buch 202.
UKRANIAN VARSITY
Meeting, noon, SUB 105B.
FRIDAY
SKYDIVERS
Meeting, noon, SUB 212.
MUSSOC
correction
MUSSOC's rock musical
version of Macbeth will begin
8:30 p.m. Wednesday in the Old
Auditorium, not the Freddy
Wood, as reported in Page Friday.
Also the correct price for the
two student performances on Oct.
29 and 30 is $1 and $1.50 while
all other performances are $3.
Indochina show
"The Automated War in
Indochina" is the subject of a
slide show, 7:30 p.m., Thursday,
in the Kitsilano public library.
Admission to the show,
sponsored by the Vancouver
Peace Action Committee, is free.
Stockholm talk
Donald Chant, University of
Toronto pollution prober and
biologist, will discuss the
Stockholm Dai Dong Conference
and the economics of
environmental degradation, noon
today in Angus 110.
Chant, who participated in the
conference, will repeat the
lecture, 8 p.m. tonight, at the
Unitarian Church, 49th and Oak.
Dance
UBC's first annual Li I' Abner
dance makes its premiere in the
Winter Sports Centre F riday.
The dance will be held on ice
in the main rink of the centre
although skates are not allowed.
The sponsors, the engineering
Hot flashes
undergraduate society, hope
everyone will wear a costume but
you shouldn't stay home just
because you don't have one.
Tickets for the event, held
from 9 p.m. to 1 a.m., are $2 per
couple. Hot drinks will be served.
There is also $150 in prizes for
costumes including the first prize
round-trip to Spuzzum, B.C.
The preceding has been a paid
apolitical announcement.
Prison help
The UBC prison project needs
people to help in any one of three
phases in the program, Jack
MacDonald of the school of social
work said Thursday.
MacDonald said people willing
to "just rap" with the inmates of
B.C.    correctional    institutions
See page 16
A SUB FILM SOC PRESENTATION
KEN
RUSSELLS
Film
"THS
MUSIC
LOVERS
RICHARD
CHAMBERLAIN
GLENDA
JACKSON,
PANA VISION
COLOR
by DcLuxe
Oct. 26-29
Thurs.-7:00
Fri. & Sat.-7:00 & 9:30
Sun.-7:00
SUB AUD.
50*
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
SIX CHARACTERS IN
SEARCH OF AN AUTHOR
by Pirandello
November 1-11     8:00 p.m.
Directed by Raymond Clarke
Setting & Lighting Designed By Richard Kent Wilcox
Costumes Designed By David Lovett
CLASSIFIED
RWBfc Cwnput - 3 lines, 1 day $1.00; addition^! fine* jKtet
Commercial'- 3 lines, 1 day «1.50; adcfttkHia* B«eV
.;:■..".-\-.  3Sc;addft»r»ldays$1.2S&30c,
f..'4Sraferf «c£i are t»t-accepted by telephone, &td r^ payalbte- fa
Ufa    '    "*'
ANNOUNCEMENTS
Dances
11
DANCE TO STREETLIGHT, GRAD.
Student Centre, Friday, Oct. 27,
9 p.m.-l a.m. Admission 11.00 per
person. Everyone Welcome!
Greeting
12
SATURDAY SALE 100 PUR COATS,
jackets, many vintage Items, $29
or less — all day Saturday, 10 a.m.
6 p.m. Pappas Bros. Furs, 459
Hamilton Street at Victory Square.
Phone 681-6840 weekdays 12-6 p.m.
Lost & Found
13
LOST: BLACK WALLET ON WES-
brook Cresc. Would like I.D. back.
Phone 733-9497 or Dept Pathology.
WILL GIRL DRIVING BARRACUDA
who drove me to Cornwall/Arbutus
Thurs., call 731-4871 re forgotten
package.
Rides & Car Pools
14
Special Notices
15
DISCOUNT STEREO, EXAMPLE:
AM-FM receiver, turntable, base,
cover, cartridge, two speakers, 2-
year guarantee, list $200, your
cost $125. Carry Akai, A.G.S.,
Zenith TVs. Call 732-6769.
NO. 5 ORANGE 8TREET, MAIN AT
POWELL is having a Junk Contest! JUNK! Like stop signs, airplane wings, toilet seats, and as
original as you can get, cuz if we
pick your junk as a winner, you
too can win a dinner for two at
the White Lunch, a Free Bus Ride
to Burnaby, a gift certificate at
the Army & Navy, and many other
swell stuff. What will we do with
this Junk you ask? We're going to
plaster our walls, ceiling, and all
available places with it so that you
can point to a wrinkled stained
bedsheet for instance, and proudly
tell your friends "I did that."
So, starting when you want, start
bringing it in. Bring as many
as you can, but securely tie your
name, address and phone number
to each piece, so we'll know who
to contact. And don't forget, we
got second, third and fourth prizes
too, like 2 dinners for 2 at the
White Lunch, and 5 Free Bus Rides
to Burnaby. OKAY?
FEMALE MEDICAL STUDENT RE-
cently arrived from Uganda requires accommodation vicinity
VGH. Please phone 733-3288 evenings.
$75 FOR 75*
40 Bonus Coupons In This
Year's Bird Calls
AVAILABLE   NOW
BUY  YOURS  TODAY!
Bookstore and SUB
Travel Opportunities
16
Wanted—Information
17
Wanted—Miscellaneous 18
WANTED CHEAP USED HOCKEY
equipment for tall player. Phone
Brian, 228-2732 campus or 738-0387
evenings.
AUTOMOTIVE
Autos For Sale
21
Automobiles—Repairs 24
NORTH SHORE IMPORTS
BRITISH AND JAPANESE
CAR SPECIALISTS
264 Pemberton Ave.
North Vancouver   988-2333
BUSINESS SERVICES
Photography . 35
tlie len* ano gutter""
Camera*
Now! For The First
Time In Vancouver
B & W Unicolor Paper
B&W  Unicolor  Chemicals
Have you also tried the Unicolor Developing & Printing
Kits? It makes color work as
easy as can be.
3010 W. Brdwy.    736-7833
Scandals
37
Room & Board
FOR SALE '65 FORD V-8 STD.
Exc. shape, new clutch, new tires,
new shocks.  $600. 224-9900.
1963 VOLVO 544. BODY GOOD.
Power train in good condition.
Phone 266-9804,  Chris,  $586.
1971 MG MIDGET. EXCELLENT
condition. Must sell — leaving
country. All reasonable offers considered. Call Linda, 325-1108.
'68 V.W. WINDOW VAN. EXCBL-
lent mechanical & body condition.
$1,776. 733-5786 or 732-6825.
'70 MAZDA. EXCELLENT CONDI-
tion. Must sell) $1,400 or offers!
266-5045.
mm^mg^m^^^^^m
MACBETH—A ROCK OPERA—BT
Richard Ouzounlan and Marek
Norman, Oct. 25-Nov. 4. Student
performances Oct. 29-30, $1.00-11.50
tickets now available UBC Old
Auditorium Box Office, 228-3176.
Typing
40
TYPING — FAST, EFFICIENT —
Essays, Papers, Theses. 41st and
Marine Drive. 266-5053.
ESSAYS AND THESES TYPED.
Experienced typist. Mrs. Freeman,
731-8096.
TYPING - - - FAST * EFFICIENT.
Essays, Thesis - - - Phone 327-8455.
TYPING OF ESSAYS, ETC. DONE
quickly and efficiently, 35c a page.
Phone 224-0385 after 5:30 p.m.
EMPLOYMENT
Help Wanted
51
FEMALE SALES CLERK FOR
delicatessen, Saturdays 4-12, or
Sundays 12-8:30 p.m. Apply 848
Granville St.
GIRL AS MOTHER'S HELPER, 2
or 3 mornings per week ex. Sunday;
one mile from gates. $1.75 per hour.
Phone Mrs. Andrade, 224-7658.
MUSIC STUDENT TO TEACH
piano in Kerrlsdale-Dunbar area
to girls 11 and 13, who already play
other instruments. Call 263-7666.
INSTRUCTION & SCHOOLS
Music Instruction
61
WANTED: EDUCATION STUDENT
who has taken "Math. Methods" to
tutor Gr. 6 boy in arithmetic. Mrs.
Weinsteln, 228-4808.
MISCELLANEOUS
FOR SALE
71
BEDROOM SUITE, 6-PCB. BLOND-
wood. New top mattress. $160.00 or
offer! 266-5045 after 6.
RENTALS & REAL ESTATE
82
CAMPUS ROOM AND BOARD, 6785
Agronomy Road. Sauna, color TV,
good food, recreational area. Phone
224-9684.
ROOM & BOARD—PRIVATE ROOM
with breakfast, bag lunch, and
dinner. Excellent food. $110/month.
Phone 731-3782.
Use Ubyssey Classified
mm
1
Box Office
Room 207
Student Ticket Price:    $1.00
• MEDERIC WOOD THEATRE
Support Your Campus Theatre
TO SELL - BUY - INFORM   |
The U.B.C. Campus
MARKET PLACE Tuesday, October 24, 1972
THE       UBYSSEY
Page  15
SPOR TS
Improved 'Birds lose 31-7
By BRIAN MURPHY
The football Thunderbirds
were host to the University of
Alberta Golden Bears
Saturday and came out on the
seven point part of a 31-7 score.
Despite the score the improved 'Birds played their
second best statistical game of
the season offensively moving
the ball quite well against the
big Golden Bear defence.
The credit for the 'Birds'
running ability must go to the
offensive live who finally fired
out on running plays and did a
good job of pass blocking.
Because of their efforts, ball
carriers were able to find
substantial holes in the Alberta
defensive line and the quarterbacks had time to throw the
ball.
So much for the highlights.
Now for the lowlights.
Defensively the 'Birds
looked worse than the score
indicated. The defensive back-
field, with the exception of
Mike Campbell, who played a
good game, was as porous as
ever almost allowing the Bears
to pass at will.
The primary trouble with the
backfield appears to be small,
—sucha singh photo
UBC FULLBACK Gord Penn
skips around left end en route to
10 yard gain against the Alberta
Golden Bears. Penn fumbled twice
early in the game but recovered to
hit flanker Henry Thiessen on the
option play for several long gains,
including a touchdown.
slow and inexperienced personnel playing against
receivers who are tall and can
catch the ball.
Intramural talk
By SIMON TRUELOVE
The Pacific Northwest Cycle-road running championship is
coming up on Nov. 12.
it's not primarily an intramural event but entry may be
made as intramural participation. Teams of two each must
cycle 7.4 miles per man and run 3.7 miles per man. Adidas
Canada Ltd. is offering $600 in prizes so it's not your average
intramural event. Entry deadline is Nov. 6.
The third division softball final was won in a fine last
minute resurgence by the engineers. It was four-all at the top of
the last inning with two men out when the gears pulled off eight
runs and held forestry to a scoreless last bat.
Blinding speed astonished spectators of the cross-country
cycle race held Sunday as the dentistry team once more drilled
in for first place. The engineers were second, and arts third.
Bert Halliwell won the 10 mile race followed closely by
Steve Blackburn of dentistry.
The football final will be fougth viciously on the War
Memorial gym field Wednesday at 12:30 p.m. This is the long
awaited classic between forestry and betas.
The curling deadline is Friday so get your teams in now.
Basketball preliminaries will begin Wednesday, Nov. 1.
Unit managers please attend the meeting today in the SUB
council room at 7 p.m.
TftOCKW ON DOWN
THe une-
HALLOWEEN DANCE
at
INTERNATIONAL HOUSE
Fri., Oct. 27, 1972
2 BANDS
Serenaders Steel Band
& PoIonia
9 p.m - 1 a.m.
Costumes Optional - $2.00
Great Fun
Export A
CANADA'S FINEST CIGARETTE
The defensive line and
linebackers were slightly more
impressive. The linebackers
often overran the Bear's ballcarrier or got caught on the
inside when the opposition ran
outside on sweeps.
The tackling, except in
sporadic flashes of brilliance in
the second and fourth quarters,
was not necessarily good as on
all too frequent occasions ball
carriers ran for good yardage
almost unimpeded by defenders.
The score in actual fact
seemed to flatter the UBC
team. The Alberta offence was
the dominating factor in the
game by being able to move
the ball almost at will against
the 'Birds.
Fortunately for the 'Birds,
either because of sloppy play
or eagle-eyed officials,
Alberta's drives were stopped
or slowed by numerous
penalties (16) levied against
them.
Frequent holding and offside
calls nullified several key
Alberta gains to such a point
that the referees marched off
almost as many yards as the
entire UBC offence — 150 to 197
yards respectively.
In general, the team played a
much better game than their
previous loss to Alberta undoubtedly because of their
desire to shake the horror show
that they put on in Manitoba
the week before.
Unfortunately, Alberta was
just too big, too experienced
and too well organized.
In other league action, the
University of Saskatchewan
Huskies won their first game of
the season in defeating
Manitoba 19-8.
Alberta is in first place with
five wins and one loss, followed
by Manitoba at 4-2 and UBC
and Calgary with 2-4 records.
Saskatchewan brings up the
rear with one win in six tries.
The 'Birds' next game is
Saturday at Thunderbird
Stadium against Saskatchewan. Game time is 2 p.m.
Women's sport
In women's Field Hockey
Tournament action Shelley
Winter's winning goal for the
UBC varsity team beat
Britannia Tigers 1-0.
The UBC Senior B basketball
team lost to BCIT by a small
margin of 41-30. Vivian Essex
was the high scorer with 12
points.
The Great Pumpkin Bicycle
Race is coming Tuesday Oct.
31, at 12:30 p.m. Raffle tickets
are available in SUB or the
main gym. Come out and
support your organization.
Intramurals
Women's broomball is now in
progress — and the progress
couldn't be better.
Place Vanier and Rehab are
off to a fine start with two wins
to their credit.
A reminder to all managers
to check the broomball
schedule for changes. There
will be a meeting for all
managers in room 213 War
Memorial gym at 12:30 Friday.
PANGO PANGO (UNS) —
Lousy terdball blorg-players in
this island community were
left in disgust after blorging
over  last  week's   blorg.
TRANSCENDENTAL
MEDITATION
"Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
* D a v i d Suzuki and
Buckminster Fuller are
among the people who have
attended International
Symposia on the Science of
Creative Intelligence, the
practical aspect of which is
Transcendental Meditation.
Lecture:
12:30-Thurs., Oct. 26
Bu202
Information - 266-0862
ran
ISA
A Noranda group representative
will be on campus
November 1 and 2
to interview bachelor graduates
in the engineering disciplines.
For further information, consult
your placement office.
LI'LABNERonlCE
HALLOWEEN MASQUERADE
OVER  $150  IN   COSTUME   AND   DOOR  PRIZES
-  DINNERS AND   HOCKEY TICKETS -
FRIDAY,   OCT.   27  at  the
WINTER  SPORTS   CENTRE
TICKETS:  $2.00  per  couple  at   E.U.S.  or
A.M.S. ticket  office
DOORS  AND  WARMUP  AT   8:00,   DANCING  AT 9:00 Page 16
THE       UBYSSEY
Tuesday, October 24, 1972
Classroom report
By LEE SCOTHERN
UBC students live for at least
eight months of the year in an
urban environment.
There are lots of cars and
concrete buildings, with the
odd pub or park thrown in for
good measure.
But environments can be
deceiving. Cities are more than
concrete and cars. They are
people, too.
People, says urban
geography professor David
Ley, are the reason for cities.
Ley, a native Britain is in his
first  year  at  UBC,   teaches
Geography 350 (section four)
at 8:30 a.m. Tuesday, Wednesday, Friday in Geography
212. But to say he teaches is not
enough. Rather, he brings
information for about 22 other
people to discuss.
The 1-1/2-unit course offered
in both terms is billed as urban
geography in the UBC
calendar, but it's also a superb
way to make sure you stay
awake during your first hour
on campus.
Wednesday's" lecture about
urban shopping patterns lasted
about     10     minutes.     Ley
Hot flashes
From page 14
would be welcomed by project
sponsors.
Tutors are also needed —
mainly in sociology and
psychology but also in English
and history to help inmates in
extension courses, he said.
And those interested in
long-term committments are
needed to act as parole sponsors.
This part of the program would
extend for a full year, he said.
Those interested can contact
MacDonald at the school of social
work.
Eco display
Choose Your World, an
environmental display that asks
for decisions, can be viewed Oct.
22-28   at  the   Vancouver Public
Library.
The display, which discusses
military ravagings, economic
growth and misuse of
technological knowledge, is
sponsored by the U.N. and SPEC.
UM featured
Stanley Burke, former CBC
newsman, will speak on the UN
and its specialized agencies, 7:30
p.m. today in International
House.
The talk is part of
International House's UN day
observations which culminate
with a discussion on the UN by
Mark Zacher, director of the UBC
International Relations Institute
Thursday noon in the upper
lounge.
presented his basic theory —
that people shop where it is
most convenient. Other factors
such as cost and quality are
minor.
Ley stopped and smiled
through his bushy, brown
beard.
From the back of the
reatively small classroom, a
student raised his hand and
said "I disagree."
The student continued saying
he lived next door to a Safeway
but wouldn't buy groceries
there if his life depended on it.
Not only was cost a factor, he
said, but quality of the food.
Other students chimed in
giving their reasons for or
against shopping at a certain
place. Discussion went on for
nearly half an hour; lively
discussion, with Ley acting as
an informal moderator.
When students conducted an
informal poll of the class
regarding their main criteria
for grocery shopping, they
discovered Ley's theory held
true. When Ley asked why,
they came up with the answers.
It costs money to travel;
more money than could be
saved by shopping at a distant
store where the prices are less.
Students knew what Ley
meant when he talked about
distance minimization as a
factor in shopping patterns.
They know, not because they
were told, but because they
had experienced the patterns
themselves.
During most lectures, Ley
uses examples of behavior
patterns in different cities to
illustrate principles of urban
geography. In most cases,
examples are of U.S. cities,
where most documentation of
urban patterns has to be done.
Ley, however, makes a
concerted effort to relate
principles to Vancouver.
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BILL CLARKE
CARES ABOUT QUADRA
The Trudeau Government has mismanaged the Canadian economy. This mismanagement has hurt us all... and will cost us all a staggering amount of money.
INFLATION AND THE COST OF LIVING
What you purchased for $1.00 when Trudeau took power in 1968 costs you $1.20 today.
The September, 1972 price increases broke a 12 year record.
The price we all pay for food is 9.7% higher than only one year ago.
UNEMPLOYMENT AND ITS PRICE
Today we have an unemployment rate in B.C. of over 8% - the highest rate in the past
11 years! There have been fewer jobs created in the four years since Trudeau took
power than in the preceding four year period (1964-1968).
It will cost the citizens of Canada about one billion dollars of their hard-earned tax
dollars to just meet the unemployment deficit that has been created.
CANADA CANNOT STAND ANOTHER FOUR YEARS OF TRUDEAU GOVERNMENT
... YOU AND I CANNOT AFFORD IT.
The Stanfield Team will restore confidence in enterprise and individual initiative; we
will develop incentives and innovative programs to increase Canadian ownership and
participation in our country's economy.

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