UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Jan 29, 1988

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Students fight
debt load
Alternatives to
loans proposed
By Beth Ryan and Michelle Lalonde
Canadian University Press
When  Secretary of
State David Crombie
asked for student input
into the federal
government's   student   aid
program, he should have been
prepared for an earful.
Students have a lot to say about the flaws of the current Canada
Student Loans Program and they have been eager to present alternatives
to the federal government. But their suggestions amount to more than a few
changes to federal policy; student groups across the country want Canada to
take a hard look at just who deserves a post secondary education.
They want to see a change in the assumption that underlies government policies and university admissions regulations—that post-secondary education is a
privilege to be extended only to the gifted and the wealthy.
Although "accessibility" is a catch-all phrase that student politicians have thrown
around for years, today they are talking about total accessibility in the form of a
government-funded education. They propose a system that offers non-repayable bursaries and grants instead of student loans. And while government officials may quickly
dismiss the suggestion as "financially unfeasible", student groups have some pragmatic
reasoning to back up their proposal.
"The idea of an all-bursary program is not unrealistic at all. In fact, it makes good
economic sense," says Stephen Scott, executive officer of the Canadian Federation of
Students - Pacific Region.
"Loans are costly to administer because the government pays for the interest. They
pay when a student defaults and 123,000 students have defaulted. The administration of
a loans program creates a bureaucracy which is costly to maintain," Scott says.
"And ifyou have people graduating with $12,000 debts, they are not buying cars and
getting mortgages and startingfamilies and keeping the economy going. Instead it's a drag
on the economy."
The students' society at Simon Fraser University has studied the costs of implementing an all-bursary program instead of an all-loan program in B.C. and found only a
minimal difference in the cost. And financial administrators at universities and colleges
in the province shared that conclusion, says Stephen Howard, a research coordinator for
the SFU student society.
They determined that it would cost $17.5 million to administer an all-loans program
and $20 million for an all bursary program, says Howard.
Factors which contribute to the high cost of administering a loans program include:
The number of loan recipients, number of guaranteed loans, interest charges paid by
government, defaults based on 18 per cent federal rate and a remission program that
reduced academic achievers' loan payments contribute to the high administrative costs of
such a program.
Howard says for every $2,000 loan it makes, it costs the Canada Student Loans
program $1,000 in interest charges, administrative expenses, tax reductions claimed by
students and other related expenses.
L'Association nationale des etudiantes et etudiants du Quebec (ANEEQ) supports the
conversion of student loans to bursaries, saying it will actually cost less for the government
to administer than student loans.
The major cost covered by the government is the interest paid on the loan while the
student is still in school. Students only begin to repay their loans six to eight months after
leaving school.
"It cost the government 40 cents interest when it lends $1 to a student," says Jean
Pierre Paquet, an executive of ANEEQ. "If the student remains in school longer than three
years, the cost ofthe interest rises until it actually costs the government 80 cents to lend
a student $1."
Paquet says the amount paid by the government is even higher when one adds
administrative costs and the expenses incurred in trying to recover the loans.
While student groups are looking for full-bursary programs or increased bursaries at
the very least, provincial and federal governments are increasing the number and
amounts of student loans while cutting back or even eliminating bursaries in many
In 1981-82, Nova Scotia students received financial assistance that was 50 per cent
loan and 50 per cent bursary. Now it's two-thirds in loans and only a third in bursaries.
Loans were increased by 100 per cent while bursaries were increased by .008 per cent,
according to the Students' Union ofNova Scotia (SUNS).
"An all-bursary program is consistent with the policy of SUNS.   But we wouldn't
VOLUME 70, Number 34
suggest it because the government would just ignore it," he says.
In 1984, the Social Credit government in B.C. eliminated bursaries and replaced them
with an all-loan program, cutting the student aid budget from $33 million to less than $3
Student groups in B.C. launched an extensive lobbying effort during the provincial
election campaign in the fall of 1986 which contributed to positive changes to the system.
The government adopted several ofthe students' recommendations such as a debt ceiling
of $12,000 and grants for a student's first two years of study.
The Saskatchewan government more than doubled funding for student aid in its June
1987 budget but replaced bursaries with "forgiveable loans". Repayment of these loans
depends on financial status and academic performance.
Lyndon Surjik, the CFS Saskatchewan chair, points out that the repayable portion of
the loan has doubled before a student gets to the "forgiveable" portion.
"This means that the average student on the student loan program will have a total
debt of $23,000, up from $12,000 under the old system? he says.
Escalating student debt loads have prompted the federal government and students to
take a harder look at the student aid situation in Canada.
In October, the Secretary of State and the council of Ministers of education released
a report on the student debt loads that indicated that 28 per cent of final year students with
Canada Student Loans had debts of $5,000 to $10,000 in 1985-86. Another 9 per cent, or
19,468 students had debt loads of over $10,000.
These figures include federal loans only. The study estimates that provincial loans
add another 12 per cent to the number of students with debts between $10,000 and $15,000
and another 6 per cent to those with debts over $15,000. The study also excludes Nova
Scotia and Newfoundland, two provinces where high summer unemployment usually
means high debt loads.
William Rompkey, a Liberal M.P. and post-secondary education critic says he was
surprised that the figures were not higher.
"Those figures don't concur with the figures I had which indicated that most students
had $12,000 to $20,000 debt loads coming out of bachelor programs. But even if the figures
are right, a $10,000 debt load is nothing to gloat about."
"If 80 per cent of our students have a debt load of $10,000 and we are patting ouselves
on the back over it, then we can just forget about it as a country? says Rompkey.
In the Atlantic provinces, there are no statistics available on student debt loads and
student leaders say that's an indication that the provincial governments don't care.
"We simply don't have the research in the Maritimes. The only research is what we
at SUNS have done and there's only so much research a student group can do on a $27,000
a year budget. It shows a lack of government concern when we're the only ones doing any
research? says Robin Hamilton of SUNS.
In British Columbia, students are more heavily in debt than the rest of their Canadiar peers, with 21 per cent of students with loans owing more than $10,000, compared
to the national average of 13 per cent.
"B.C. has the worst student aid program in Canada but there have been some
significant improvements in the last year? says Stephen Scott of CFS.
In response to the student aid crisis, the Secretary of State has established an
Advisory Group to review the federal student assistance programs, made up of representatives of national student organizatons, bankers, university administrators, faculty and government.
'Student loans have served us well in the past 20 years. But there hasn't
been a major review of student assistance in recent years? said Mary .
Meloshe ofthe Secretary of State's Student Aid Directorate.
David Crombie wants the advisory group to make recommendations and he expects to introduce improvements to the student aid
program before August 1988.  He says he's particularly concerned
with low income borrowers, part time students, disabled students
and those with special needs.
But Rompkey suggests the government must totally rework the program instead of implementing "band-aid" solutions
"We can't just make changes to the periphery.   We
have to look at the education from a different perspective? says Rompkey.
"Something that worked in 1964 just ain't
gonna work in 1987.   In 1986, students had no
problem getting summer jobs or a job after
graduation, even in Newfoundland."
The Advisory Group on student aid
held its first meeting in December.
"Everybody in that meeting agrees
that it would be appropriate for Canada
to have a national bursary program,"
says Tony Macerollo, chair of the
Canadian Federation of Students
and a member ofthe committee.
aBut there must be opposition out there or it would have
been implemented already.
This is why I am concerned
that this (the na-
see 'Loan' page 8
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, January 29,1988 BETWEEN
'NOTE: "Noon" = 12:30 to 1:30 p.m.
Ballet UBC Jazz
Classes in Ballet, Jazz, Modern.
SUB 208 for details.
Le Club Francais
Reunions du club. 12:30-1:30, International House.
Psychology Students' association
Psycho IV: Our 4th Bzzr Garden -
everyone   welcome.   4-7   p.m.,
Kenny Bldg. Atrium.
Graduate Student Society
Bzzr Garden: 4-7:30 p.m. Ballroom, Grad Centre.
Political Science Students Association
Beat the Clock Bzzr Garden. 4:30-
7:30, Buchanan Lounge.
Pre-Medical Society
Free  5-pin bowling (free  shoes
too!). 5-7:15 p.m. Sign up at IRC G-
30 before hand.
Graduate Student Society
DJ Night with Doug Schmidt. 7-12
p.m.,   Fireside   Lounge,   Grad
ALSO: Darts Night, 7:30 p.m.,
Fireside Lounge, Grad Centre.
The Newman Club
"Club Newman" Tropical Dance. 8
p.m.-l a.m., St. Mark's College.
UBC Debating Society
The 1988 Challenge Cup debates -
UBC vs. U.Vic. 1-3 p.m., SUB
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
Vespers. 5 p.m., St. Andrew's Hall,
6040 Iona Dr.
UBC Rowing Team '
Dance with live music & cheap
bzzr. 8:30-12 p.m., SUB Ballroom.
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
Sunday of the Publican and the
Pharisee: Liturgy. 9:30 a.m., St.
Andrew's Hall, 6040 Iona Dr.
Lutheran Student Movement
Communion Service. 10 a.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Maranatha Christian Church
Worship Service. 12 noon, 2490 W.
2nd Ave.
Lutheran Student Movement
Evensong/Evening   Prayer.   Dr.
Brian Frazer talks about a modern
approach to evangelism. 7:30 p.m.,
St. Anselm's Anglican Church.
Ground for Freedom" and "Little
by Little: Upgrading Barrio
Escopa? Noon, Asian Centre
Graduate Student Society
Video Night. 6 p.m.: The African
Queen"; 8 p.m.: "The Treasure of
the Sierra Madre." Two classics by
the late John Huston. Fireside
Lounge, Grad Centre.
Orthodox Christian Fellowship
The Meeting of Our Lord: Vesperal
Liturgy. 6:30 p.m., St. Andrew's
Hall, 6040 Iona Dr.
UBC Film Society
Classic SUBFilms: "Bananas,"
starring Woody Allen and
Sylvester Stallone. Bring a banana and get 2 for 1 entry! 7 and
9:30 p.m., SUB Theatre, SUB.
Rates: AIMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00,
additional lines 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines
$5.00, additional lines, 75 cents. (10% DISCOUNT ON 25 ISSUES OR MORE) Classified
ads payable in advance. Deadline 4:00 p.m.
two days before publication. Room 266, SUB,
UBC, Van., B.C. V6T 2A5
Society is offering Ballroom Dancing on
campus at the Grad Centre. Classes are held
Mondays at 7:30 and 8:30 p.m. Beginners
are welcome. Set of six lessons starting on
Monday, Feb. 1. Cost $20. Both sets are $30.
For further information: call 228-3203.
UBC New Democrats
Darlene Marzari, M.LA., NDP/
Literature   Table.   Noon,   SUB
Institute of Asian Research
Free Noon-Hour Films: "Breaking
Energy Circles
Visualization groups meeting
weekly, led by Joan O'Brien. Each
group open to 8 women - sliding
scale. Tuesdays 10 a.m.-12 noon,
Feb. 2-Mar. 22; Wednesdays 7:30-
9:30 p.m., Feb. 3-Mar. 23. Call
Joan O'Brien at 254-2627.
Jewish   Students'   Association/
Hot lunch with piano music. Noon,
Hillel House.
Maranatha Christian Club
Alook at the issues that involve us.
Enjoy your lunch while listening
to a relevant and informative talk.
Everyone welcome. Noon, SUB
Japan Exchange Club
Japan Trip Information Meeting.
Noon, SUB 119.
Free Public Lecture
Mr. Peter Calamai
Correspondent, Southam Inc.
Washington, D.C.
Saturday, Jan. 30
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Building,
8:15 p.m.
Join the Ubyssey new!
Alphonse was at a loss -fb explain
why his studies made hiro so thirsty
abilities in: horticulture, architectural design, and public service needed for exciting
decorating firm. Apply in writing to 8235
Cartier St., Van., B.C. V6P 4T6.
hrs ./wk. Tuesday, Wednesday a.m. Call 224-
35 - LOST
JANUARY 21 - LOST at SUB Theatre:
glasses, black and blue tortoise shell. Reward: please call Kathryn 222-0035
new Init boppers. Schnapps to you!
Yamaguchi of the Theatre Dept. will be
presenting Blue Velvet on Thursday, Feb. 4
at 8:00 p.m. in the Fireside Lounge, Grad
Centre. Everyone is welcome. Free. Large
scu;en monitor. For information call 228-
JAZZ LIVE! Jazz pianist lion Johnston and
bassist Rene Worst will be appearing Wed.,
Feb. 3, 5:30-8:00 p.m. at the Fireside
Lounge, Grad Centre. Ron Johnston played
with Paul Horn for several years and was
pianist with Vancouver-based Pacific Salt.
Rene Worst is a member of Skywalk. Everyone is welcome. Free. For information call
START YOUR OWN BUSINESS on campus. For details send S.A.S.E. to: 1215 Davie
St., #393, Vancouver, B.C. V6E 1N4.
get better marks. If your writing is less than
perfect, have your work edited. Call Katie
NEW AGE CHANNELLER - Psychic Advisor - ESIYUFO Research & Investigation -
Daniel 683-0864.
Got that special someone on your mind?
Learn how to write a surefire love letter.
Send S3 and your address: The Write Stuff,
Box 165 - 1215 Davie St., Van., V6E 1N4.
SUFFERERS (over 19 yrs.)
Participate in a West Coast
antihistamine study.
Please call before January 31 st.
To register please call
576-6555 or 576-2727.
2-3 afternoons/wk. Must have own car. N/S.
Call Betsy 224-4742. 	
'68 VW VAN 1600CC Eng. rblt. new clutch,
new shocks, gd. running cond. $600. Call
SALE - will accept trade-ins. 277-5089.
or Mar. - Fem/NS/Nondrinker, $215/mo.
877-1421 aRer 9 p.m. or Mess. 228-6765
ROOMS FOR RENT for students - 1 blk.
from Langara and on UBC campus. Feb. 1
and March 1. $240. 327-0425 after 5 p.m.
Feb. 1 st or Mar. 1 - furnished house except
for bedroom - $300 a month + damage deposit. Laundry facilities. Non smoker. On
13th ave., near Burrard - share with one
person. Ph. 738-4045.
TWO FEM. STUDENTS from McMaster U.
in Ont. arc looking to sublet an apartment
from May 1-Aug. 31/88. Interested??? Send
details ASAP to N. Webb, 13 Algoma Cres.,
Hamilton, Ont. L9C 1S5.
SHARE ERICHT 1-BDRM aptmt. Robson-
Denman area. $193/m & utilities. N/S female. Call Elise at 685-3983.
30 - JOBS	
speaking preferred. Call 228-1302 after 4:00
7 p.m.), employment available for young
persons willing to work alone cleaning cars
etc. Mustbe clean, courteous, hard working,
and have a valid driver's license. Apply in
person only to Discount U-Drive, 1317 SW
Marine Dr., Van. Tuesday, Feb. 2, 10a.rn.-3
p.m. Please bring a resume.
speaker Ph.D. student. Grammar-conversation. Oscar 738-4102.
YOU CANNOT AFFORD to lose marks on
essays. Let me help you with the grammar,
punctuation, and layout of your term paper.
Rate: $15/hr. 222-2505.
Word Proc. & IBM typewriter. Student
rates. Dorothy Martinson 228-8346.
write, we type. Theses, resumes, letters,
essays. Days, eves., wknds., 736-1208.
Apple, DTP also. ComputcrSmiths, 3732
West Broadway (at Alma) 224-5242.
FAST! Word Processing $1.50/pg. daisy
wheel, draft copy provided, overnight orders
welcome. 737-8981.
WORD WEAVERS - 41st bus line, upstairs
at 101-2258 W. 41st Ave. Faculty and student rates for quality, custom word processing. FAX. Translation and transcription in
major languages. Thesis specialists on multilingual terminals. Specialite cn francais.
Japanese & Chinese document preparation
MacINTOSH WORDPROCESSING: Experienced editing, reason, rates. Call Jack -
Using IBM-XT with Word perfect #202-151 5
E. 5th Ave. Call Kerry 253-8444.
TYPING - NO NOTICE REQUIRED. Essays, theses (low price), resumes. Editing &
Research assistance. 327-0425 (before 10
Masters. Incomparable quality. Essays,
term papers, theses, manuscripts. Spelling,
grammar, style con". References. 253-0899.
discounts. Letter quality printers. 10th &
Discovery. Phone 2.2-21 22.
JUDITH FILTNESS, quality typist, 3206
W. 38th Ave., 263-0351 .
WORD PROCESSING. Term papers, manuscripts, resumes, etc. Whatever you need.
Quality products. Rapid service available.
738-2492 anytime.
VSO crisis faced
The UBC Music Department is
having a public meeting to discuss the fate of the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra and how it
will affect the UBC music department. 12:30 today, Recital Hall,
Music Building.
January 29, 1988 Union faces opposition
Certification blocked says English Language Institute
By Corinne Bjorge
UBC's administration has
lobbied the Industrial Relations
Council in an effort to stop about
30 English language instructors
from certifying a new union, according to union president Peter
The university spent tens of
thousands of dollars and misinformed the IRC about the correct
working conditions of instructors
at UBC's English Language Institute, said instructor Lorie Lee
"I estimate the university
spent $25,000 to $30,000 (on legal
fees)," said McArthur.
McArthur also said the administration '"misrepresented"
the English instructors duties.
The administration told the
labour council that "all the lan
guage coordinators teach, when in
fact none of them do? she said.
They also were not aware instructors are required to attend professional development days,
McArthur said.
"Either they were unaware or
indifferent to the real facts? she
Administration representatives refused to comment on the
amount spent on legal fees during
the English language instructor's
fight to receive certification.
James Dybikowski, vice
president of faculty relations said
"it's not an appropriate question
for the university to answer?
adding that any costs incurred
were in the normal course of response.
He agreed some incorrect
facts were presented to the labour
council, but said the information
did not affect the labour council's
"Both parties had a fair
chance" to be heard by the IRC,
said Dybikowski. "The nature of
the process is such that each side
gets a chance to cross-examine the
He added there is the "opportunity by the union to correct any
impressions that might have been
"Working conditions proved
to be immaterial to the decision?
said Dybikowski.
UBC's English language instructors are lobbying for a salary
increase and benefits.
English language instructors
at UBC earn $15-$19,000 a year.
Instructors at community colleges
in similar jobs make 'between $33-
$36,000 a year, said a representative at the Council of Educators.
Other demands concern benefits college instructors receive but
UBC instructors do not.
"We don't have security or
medical plans - and we've had
some teachers here for ten or
twelve years? said Miller.
Dybikowski defended UBC's
intervention in the labour review
saying the university disagreed
with the guidelines for forming the
They are basing their reasons
for forming a union on what they
teach and the IRC ruled this inappropriate, Dybikowski said.
Dybikowski said the IRC
basedits decision on a whole series
of decisions they (and the previous
■labour council) had made concerning universities.
But English language instructors feel either the university
or the IRC should be making more
of an effort to define correct bargaining unit.
IRC   representatives   said
under labour guidelines the council is not responsible for mediating
between an uncertified union and
its employers.
The administration does not
feel it is responsible for mediating
"The university is not taking
the position that it is against
unionization per se? said Dybikowski, but "I don't think that is
the business of the university to
advise (the union)."
Currently there are groups
other than the English Language
Institute who are not represented
by unions.
Part time sessional lecturers,
research assistants, visiting professors, and clinical faculty are not
represented by a union bargaining
group, said Dybikowski.
Under the Universities Act
faculty are not permitted to
unionize, but are represented by
the Faculty Association during
Concerned citizens met last night to rejoice the Supreme Court decision to throw out the present abortion laws
mandel ngan photo
Election results announced
Final results from the
board of governor, senator-at-
large, and law and dentistry
senator elections were released
Geoff Lyster and Bob Seeman won the board of governor
election while the senator-at-
large positions went to Tony
Fogarassy, Steve Wilson, Derek
Pettingale, Alex Speers, and
Sean Haffey.
Jeff Andrews was chosen as
Law student senator and Ernest
Lam was elected Dentistry student senator.
The closest election was for
BoG. Bcb Seeman beat Robert
Beynon by fifteen votes, 604-
589, for the second and last seat
in an election in which two
complaints were filed with the
coordinator of elections at the
registrars' office. No action was
taken on the complaints.
The fourth placed BoG candidate was Lionel Yip with 412
votes followed by Lawrence
Zucker with 389 votes, Shane
Kennedy 286 votes, and Gary
Mark 248 votes.
SUB drop-off loop dropped
We copy, collate, bind, and staple.
We make enlargements, reductions, and
We are open early, open late, and open
We are your one-stop copy centre.
5706 University Blvd. I_fB___J_w%_f__».
2221688 KlnKO S
M-Th:8-9   F:8-6   Sat: 10-6   Sun : 11-6     £™c." a£_tpJJS.
By Otto Lim
Plans are under way to tear
up the SUB drop-off loop in an
effort to minimize traffic congestion produced by the construction
of a parkade beside Gage towers.
"The loop will definitely go
because of the construction of the
new parkade? said Bruce Gellatly, vice president of administration and finance.
Gellatly said that the current
drop-off loop would interfere with
the traffic flow of the proposed
UBC students usually use the
drop-off loop as temporary parking to use the SUB facilities or
when they're late for class.
Student board of governors
representative Simon Seshadri
said he felt strongly about the new
"The people designing the
plans have no idea about the students (needs). Some good common
sense is needed? said Seshadri.
"On a wet, Friday morning,
people can drop off their friends in
the loop? he said.
Gellatly said "there is no definite design plan now for the parkade" although several are being
One ofthe designs calls for the
relocation of the totem pole currently standing in the middle of
the loop.
The budget for the new parkade, able to house 1005 cars in a
multi-storey building, is set at 6
million dollars.
1.5 million dollars will come
from general reserve funds and a
loan of 4.5 million dollars from the
Ministry of Education.
Construction of the parkade
was scheduled for January but a
delay in the allocation of the provincial loan has set back the development of the parkade.
Temporary parking for students will be set up on the tennis
courts and grass fields east of SUB
during construction.
\i) Oscar's Donair & Pizza ill
■ ONtY
2958 West 4th Ave. 2 blks west of MacDonald
Licensed Premises
Pizzas, Donairs, Lasagna, Subs, Nachos, Salads, etc.
Also, We Have Regular & Dark on Tap
r* **• -*">k ^*v*>
?!?*•? '-* *^-S
%* '% 3*k-»i"«>*s,**
Dine in and take out only.   1 per customer per visit.
January 29, 1988
Party Systems
Dance Systems
New Lighting Effects
New Equipment
Full Concert Systems
271 E 2ND AVE., VAN., B.C.
Luncheon Smorgasbord
i Authentic Chinese Cuisine
Mon.-Fri. 11:30-9:00 p.m.
Sundays a.id Holidays
4:00 p m. 9 p.m.
2142 Western Parkway
UBC Village
,   Opposite Chevron Station
Haircutting for men & Women
5736 University Blvd.
(In The Village)
Water and mercury
interact in Tropic
(Mercury Pump), a
sculpture by Richard
Science apparatus
appears as art in
strange sculpture
by Kathy Chung
The three sculptures by
Richard Prince, a professor
in the Faculty of Fine Arts,
showing in the Fine Arts Gallery
represent personal insights into
the process by which one acquires knowledge. Apparatus of
science, the concept of alchemy
and images from museums are
used as metaphors and allegories
(two words favored by Prince) to
convey his ideas.
Literature (with The Coast
of Africa in Flames) consists of
receding rows of objects. An
i open book on a scholar's desk
i with a chair, all resting on a cart.
Strips of aluminum waves.
j Brilliant copper flames. Flying
I fish. The placement of each set
of objects leads the viewer
through a progression of images
giving a narrative quality to the
Prince stated that the
origins ofthe piece rest partly in
a flying fish he once saw in a
museum. However, what
interested him was not the fish
itself but how he had already
come to know about flying fish
through books. With this idea
comes the realization that, in a
world of mass media and
information, more and more of
our knowledge about reality
comes from secondary sources
and not direct observation.
When I asked Prince about
the prevalent use of chairs and
tables in his work, he pointed out
that furniture was the one form
of sculpture which people
actually interact with daily. His
use of familiar things in unfamiliar contexts invites the viewer to
discard their complacency and
see new meaning and new
beauty in everyday objects.
In the second sculpture, Ex
Machina, a metal frame supports
a broken wooden column. On the
top ofthe column sits a bowl
holding a golden fluid in which a
vertical metal disk rotates. The
wood ofthe column, as ofthe
various pedestals and models in
the exhibit, look pale and dusty.
It has the appearance of being
both new and old; freshly sanded
and dusty with age. Half of the
rotating disk passes through the
fluid which is carried along,
continuously flowing down the
metal surface. From a distance,
the golden disk becomes a sun
resting on the column.
The last piece, Tropic (Mer
cury Pump), combines a large
glass bulb with rubber hoses attached to pumps. When activated, water and mercury flow
and interact in the sculpture.
The form is strangely familiar:
something out of the memories of
chemistry classes, or an aquatic
life form, or the image of a heart
or brain.
Search (into matter)
by Richard Prince
UBC Fine Arts Gallery,
A sense of time and things
on the edge of recognition
permeate through all three
sculptures. It is present in the
narrative progression of Literature, the column of Ex Machina,
the antique look of the scientific
apparatus in Mercury Pump, the
motions of the fluids, waves and
flying fish and the surface
appearance of the wood. Prince's
work manages to suggest hidden
mysteries in life, the duality and
often multiplicity of meanings in
Yet there is something unsettling about the exhibit. The
pieces seem lacking in emotion.
They are intriguing but antiseptic and remote. If Prince is
dealing with the process of
acquiring knowledge and the
mysteries of reality then where
is the joy of discovery? The
excitement of recognition? The
curiosity and whimsy which
spark man's search for knowl-
dege? I hope this omission is not
a reflection ofthe alienation between an increasingly technological world and the joyful j
creativity of life.
Funny film gives a damn
by Sany Zein
Times change. Ten years
ago, a producer proposing
to make a comedy about the
Vietnam war would have been
booted out of Hollywood. In
1978, the world's film capital
started coming to terms with
that war. The first films to deal
with the subject were large scale,
theatrical affairs like the Deer
Hunter, Apocalypse Now, and
Coming Home. These films were
bloody, bitter, and bleak - and
completely devoid of any comedy.
Interest in Vietnam then
fizzled until 1986, when Oliver
Stone recreated the conflict "the
way it really was" with Platoon,
which opened the floodgates for
1987 to become the year when
films dealt with the Vietnam
War more than any other topic:
Hamburger Hill, Full Metal
Jacket, Gardens of Stone and
The Hanoi Hilton numbed our
senses with violence, but at least
; they aimed for realism rather
I than operatic grandeur.
It now appears that enough
psychological wounds have
healed to allow a comic examination of Vietnam. Barry
Levinson's new film, Good
Morning Vietnam, starring
Robin Williams, is currently the
biggest money maker in the U.S.,
confirming that America is now
ready to laugh at a conflict that
for so long has been a painful,
serious topic.
Good Morning Vietnam
directed by Barry Levinson
Good Morning Vietnam is
based on the true story of Adrian
Cronauer, a military disc jockey
who arrives in Saigon in 1965.
Cronauer's style on the air immediately upsets his superiors:
for one thing, he is funny.
For another, he plays rock and
roll music. He also makes dirty
jokes and thinks nothing of
lampooning Washington's
politicians. But Cronauer
becomes a huge hit with the
troops in the field, and his
opening line on every show,
"Gooood morning Vi-et-nam" is
soon legendary.
The first half of the film,
dealing with Cronauer's arrival
in Vietnam, the style of his
broadcasts, and the friendship he
develops with a Vietnamese boy
and his family, is simply hilari
ous. Williams is a comic genius
who, thankfully for the first time
in his film career, is let loose.
Behind the microphone, he
delivers an endless barrage of
continuous jokes, and his style,
incorporating impersonations,
sound effects and total insanity,
is side-splitting. One has to be
really sharp to catch all the
jokes, and finally, is left gasping
for breath but asking for more.
Williams is equally effective
outside the radio stations,
whether on the streets of Saigon
or facing his by-the-book commanding officers. He leads us on
a quick road to laughter, and we
almost forget that the film is set
in a war-torn country.
Almost, but not quite.
Levinson, director of Diner, The
Natural, and The Tin Men,
allows Williams to run the show
for a while, but then starts
showing his directing skills. He
intercuts very brief scenes of
villages being bombed and locals
being massacred by American
troops with scenes of joyful G.I.'s
listening to Cronauer's show.
We are kept dimly aware
that there is a war going on.
And then suddenly, very suddenly, the film turns serious.
Deadly serious. There is an
unexpected, sickening explosion
at a Saigon cafe frequented by
G.I.'s, and Cronauer narrowly
escapes with his life. Fun time is
The film does contain a few
comic moments after that, but
basically, it becomes a serious
questioning of how the Americans ran the Vietnam war. Then
we realize that beneath the
comedy of the early part of the
film, a lot of questions were
being asked: why were the
military officers so out of touch
with their men? Why was
military censorship allowed to
paint a false rosy picture ofthe
situation, with only nonsense
news ("the Pope gave a speech in
Italian") being broadcast? Why
was military intelligence (a
contradiction in terms, as one
character puts it) so inept?
Unlike M*A*S*H, Good
Morning Vietnam is a serious
film. It doesn't have the "who
gives a damn" attitude that
dominated Robert Altman's film.
Ultimately, Good Morning
Vietnam is about a funny man
who did give a damn, and who
tried to make life more bearable
for men stuck in a hellish war.
Unsure of how to resolve
a University related problem?
SUB 100 A
Tree Wcrk
Nc Cesses
riexible Hours
Creative f reedcm
ceme te the Ubyssey effice - sec 241K
January 29,1988 Ordinary movie a welcome change
By Jacinta Law ton
According to current movie trends,
The Lonely Passion of Judith
Hearne is something of an oddity. It is not
an epic, there are no sweeping empires,
no gurgling babies and no one so much as
mentions Vietnam. This movie is about
ordinary life, about loneliness, deception,
alcoholism and loss of faith.
Judith Hearne (Maggie Smith) is a
middle aged spinster who moves into a
Dublin boarding house run by a Mrs.
Madden (Mary Kean) and her lazy son
Bernard (Ian McNeice). Maggie Smith
gives a sensitive and convincing performance as the tortured Irish spinster - she
seems to have cornered the market on
prim, unmarried, prudish types (The
Prime of Miss Jean Brodie and A Room
With A View). As Judith Hearne though,
Smith confirms her status as one ofthe
formost British actors working today.
The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne
The Bay Theatre
Through a series of flashbacks we learn
that Hearne has spent most of her life nursing her demanding aunt played by Wendy
Hiller. The veteran British actor is suitably
austere as Aunt D'Arcy, Hearne's emotional
Since her aunt's death Hearne has
lived in a series of dismal, though 'respectable' boarding houses trying to eke
out a living as a piano teacher. Only when
James Madden (Bob Hoskins), the
landlady's brother from New York, notices
Grapes of Wrath poised
to take North America
By Paul Preto
When I first saw the Grapes of
Wrath a couple of years ago in
the SUB Ballroom they were a fresh
young band with enough potential to
make it big. Two years and two albums
later they have done just that. Nettwerk,
their label, signed a major distribution
agreement with EMI, giving them access
to the lucrative U.S. market.
Last Friday night an enthusiastic
crowd packed the New York Theatre to
see the Grapes of Wrath. New York
Theatre? you ask...well, it is an old movie
theatre buried down near the north end of
Commercial amidst such establishments
as the "Ace of Suedes" cleaners and "S &
M Autobody".
The concert was an all ages gig so
there were the predictable teenage
groupies crowding the front of the stage,
staring lovingly at bassist Tom Hooper.
The Grapes played nearly all their
new album, Treehouse, as well as several
earlier singles. The crowd responded
wildly to Peace of Mind, a single off
Treehouse in which Kevin Kane and Tom
harmonized beautifully.
Hearne and begins to take her out, does
she dare to hope for an end to her desperate loneliness.
But the reason Madden is attracted to
the all-~<x>-plain and none-to-young
Hearne is the expensive jewelry she
inherited from her aunt. He sees her only
as a potential partner in a business
Bob Hoskins is extremely persuasive
as the brash, though lonely, self-exiled
American. But it will take hoskins fans
awhile to adjust to the American drawl
which replaces the cockney accent that
characterizes most of his other roles (The
Long Good Friday and Mona Lisa).
The movie is based on a novel by Canadian Brian Moore, director Jack
Clayton remains fairly faithful to the
movie's source, portraying Hearn'e
crumbling ife with a sensitive eye for
detail. The carefully hidden bottle of
whiskey Hearne resists at the beginning
ofthe movie becomes increasingly difficult
for her to ignore after the loss of a piano
student, Madden's rejection and finally,
her priest's apathy towards her plea for
When Hearne loses her faith in a
Christian after-life, she realizes that it is
this life that matters, and that she has
wasted hers. Moore's novel ends with this
painful discovery. Clayton, however,
chooses not to end his movie here, but
instead tags on an irritatingly ambiguous
ending which only dilutes the movie's
Although the 'you-decide-what-hap-
pens-next' kind of ending can at times be
extremely effective, it does not work here,
clayton skillfully depicts Judith Hearne's
passion, her trials and suffering, but the
movie's ending is a cop-out.
How does Hearne emerge from her
passion? Is she changed, and if so, what
are those changes? Does she get together
with Madden, or does she resume her
lonely existence in another dingy boarding house? Don't look for any clear
answers to these questions in the movies
ending, Clayton leaves us to make our
best guess.
Despite its ineffectual ending, The
Passion of Judith Hearne is worth seeing
if only for the quality of acting. Certainly
for those movie-goers up to their necks in
celluloid Viet Cong and diaper-rash, this
movie is a welcome change of pace.
West Blues Revue offers
ass-kicking tunes
By Panos Grames
The Grapes of Wrath
The New York Theatre
January 22
However, it was disappointing that
they played the new material almost exactly as they recorded; a live concert
should offer more improvisation. The
Grapes are still are a young band and
need to develop a unique stage presence.
A notable exception was Misunderstanding, a single off their earlier release
September Bowl of Green. It was extended with a funky 60's style keyboard
solo, making it one ofthe highlights ofthe
Friday's sold out concert was the
Grapes' sendoff before a three month U.S.
tour. With a great album out and constantly growing popularity, undoubtably
the Grapes will soon move onto larger
ntone's West Blues Revue, which
played for a sold-out crowd at the
Commodore Ballroom on Sunday night, fit
its billing as a "blues extravaganza" by
providing five hours of ass-kicking, low-
down 'nasty blues tunes.
The revue was the brain child ofthe
Fabulous Thunderbirds lead harmonica-
vocalist Kim Wilson and Clifford Antone,
the owner of a major blues club in Austin,
Texas. The tour was designed to bring
the bl jes to the West Coast, promote the
new "Antone's" record label and also to
link some ofthe rising young stars in the
blues community to the more experienced
and well known blues masters.
Chris Thomas opened the night with a
short, tight set of rock flavored blues. He
ran through a number of original and
cover tunes, including a fiery version of
B.B. King's classic, Caldonia.
The Angela Strehli Band followed,
bringing a laid back country-blues style
more suitable for a Las Vegas lounge
room. They were not, however, without
merit. Strehli possesses a fine voice and
her band holds the honor of being placed
as the house band at Antones, a position
once held by the now famous Fabulous
But it wasn't until Joe Louis Walker
strutted onto the stage wielding his slide
guitar that the audience was stunned
with true blues music. The crystal tone of
his guitar and the power of his rhythm
section—weathered by twenty years of experience with the late Muddy Waters—
captured the attention ofthe crowd with
their much too short half-hour set.
Next in the line-up was guitar wizard
Buddy Guy, whose stage presence swallowed the room and then spat it back out
again. He changed from screaming blistering guitar runs to soft soulful singing
with a flash of his toothy smile. His
renditions of some Muddy Waters tunes,
including Hoochie Coochie Man, was one
ofthe highlights ofthe evening.
Antone's West All Star Blues Revue
The Commodore
Sunday Jan 24
James Cotton and Kim Wilson, both
famed harmonica men, closed the night
with some steamy tunes. Wilson also
picked up the electric guitar and chugged
out a few riffs. The night ended with a
casual jam, with the players trading spots
on stage as well as guitar and harmonica
The revue left the crowd crying for
more. If the reaction ofthe audience is
any indication of the growing interest and
passion for the blues in Vancouver, we
may be ready for a local, full-fledged blues
Even the most dedicated student
needs financial support. So last year.
Scotiabank began a unique scholarship
program for outstanding MBA students. It's
all part of our commitment to the education
and development of the young business
people who will shape our country's future.
Scotiabank awards two scholarships
annually at both Dalhousie and McGill
Universities. Each Scotiabank Scholar will
receive $12,500 per year and will also
be offered a position of employment with
Scotiabank between academic years.
Applicants should be under 28 years
of age on September 1st, 1988. and must
be Canadian citizens, landed immigrants, or
citizens of Caribbean countries (Dalhousie
only) or Asian countries (McGill only). The
deadline for applying is April 15. 1988.
Students must also complete an application
to the MBA program at either university by
this date.
For more information, write to your
preferred university today.
Dalhousie University
Craduate Admissions
Mahl.ix. Nova Scotia
mil -tiid
McGill University
MBA Admissions OIIk c
1001 Shi-rbrookcSi  W
Montreal. Ouehec
H3A K,o
FRI 8-6 SAT-SUN 11-6
January 29,1988
THE UBYSSEY/5 Females freed
from fetal fetters
Dr. Henry Morgentaler has won.
Twenty years after he started fighting for safe abortions in a clean,
medical environment, Morgentaler finally received a clear cut legal victory.
The Supreme Court of Canada, in a five to
two decision, ruled that it is unconstitutional for women to be forced to carry a
fetus to term.
Canadian women have won. Hundreds of years after they began fighting
for freedom from crude and dangerous
abortions, they have won a battle. It's a
small step because the war still rages.
The anti-abortion law was repealed
because it violated the Charter of Rights.
If a new law is written giving the fetus the
status of a human being, women will
again lose control over their bodies.
Canadian women have won. Hundreds of years after they began
fighting for freedom from crude and
dangerous abortions, they have
won a battle.
Women forced to carry a pregnancy to
term would be reduced to the status of a
criminal, and denied access to human
rights. For what crime? Conception.
Women have been denied the freedom
to choose what happens to their bodies by
a society built and governed by men. The
patriarchal codes are so deeply ingrained
in each one of us, that we hardly know
what real freedom means.
Now that we've finally come all this
way to recognize the rights and freedoms
of the individual, it would be an even
greater crime to let them get washed away
by a tide of red tape, and Dutch premiers.
JANUARY 29,1988
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays & Fridays
throughout the academic year by the Alma Mater Society
ofthe University of British Columbia. Editorial opinions
are those ofthe staff and not necessarily those of the
university administration, or ofthe sponsor. The Ubyssey is a member of Canadian University Press. The
editorial office is Rm. 241k ofthe Student Union Building. Editorial Department, phone 228-2301/228-2305;
advertising, 228-3977.
"This whole election is merely a symbol ofthe pseudo-Christian need
for assurance of a heavenly afterlife," said Chris Wiesinger, as he
marked a cross on the ballot. "Yes!!!" said Corinne Bjorge, "To be
chosen by the people suggests being chosen by God as one of the elect,
get it, elect, who will go to heaven!" Peter Francis, R.D. Shore, and
Alex Johnson lay on the floor andfqrrned the the Star-of-David with
their limbs. Laura Busheikin smiled, pleased to soc people take on
higher meaning. Mandel painted a mandala on Otto's auto; Deanne
Fisher looked up her last name in a book of symbols and found her
true identity. Katherine Monk, well, she just nodded wisely. Just
then Ross McLaren arose from the couch; where he'd been sleeping.
"Oh, Ross, let me interpret yourdream. for you," offered Steve Chan,
brandishing his volume of The Collected Works of Carl Jung.
"Dreams!" shouted Ross, pushing Steve away angrily. "The hell with
dreams! What about DEADLINES???" Everyone looked aghast.
"Ah...Your obsession with deadlines signifies a fear of death; you
want to feel in control of death by rigidly enforcing these so-called
deadlines," said Jacinta Lawton, in her best Freud voice. Ross burst
into tears, and sat in a corner twisting and untwisting a coat hanger
til Panos Grames and Victor Chew Wong tore it away from him.
"Don't you realize that you are untwisting a symbol of domestic
order?" they shouted. Kathy Chunglooked over from the production
table. "Will someone please help me with layout?" she asked.
"Layout!" cried Paul Preto, "the term clearly suggests the table on
which we lay out the dead." Sany Zein and Kyoko Oko hit him over
the head with a submarine sandwich, which prompted Kevin Harris
to lecture on, you guessed it, phallic imagery. Derek Craig watched
the whole thing through the keyhole, and laughed alot.
Zk^HTS, fiPPLfiujS SUPREME-COVZrP£C(S70Ai    /ry FMOUf
Or     PP MEHRY mOfyENmLEfi^Mp HIS  Qv£$T To
PO   /}ovAy      WITH    OUiRL H#K'(,-£#<-    FO^^OOP-
city desk:
Corinne Bjorge
Ross McLaren
Laura Busheikin
Victor Chew Wong
group seeks
We have formed an ad
hoc alliance of women's
groups and officiers in order
to raise matters of common
concern. At our first meeting
we discussed the implications for our membership of
the proposed sexual harassment procedures and we
have indicated our continuing interest in the process to
nominate persons tothe proposed office, committee and
hearing panel.
In addition, we have
indicated to the Vice-president Student Services our
concern that, since the athletic funds come from nearly
equal numbers of male and
female students, there be
equal distribution of those
funds between male and
female athletics.
The present members of
our alliance are: AMS
Women's Committee, Academic Women's Association
Women's Committee,
Graduate Studentss' Association Women's Committee, Faculty Women's Club,
Women Students' Office,
Committee for Women's
Studies, (Faculty of Arts),
Women's Athletic Committee. Ad hoc Committee for
Sexual Harassment Procedures, Women's Athletic
Interested groups are
encouraged to contact the
Jean Elder
Status of Women
Egan supports
In response to Bruce
Galley's letter in Tuesday's
Ubyssey, it is entirely illogical to summize from the
article in question that I am
opposed to subsidies for
University students.
Perhaps you do not realize that I was asked to
respond to how arts students would benefit from
this one percent increase.
The point being, arts students as well as many other
students on campus will
receive very little benefits.
Tuition fees are already
extremely high and itis very
frustrating for myself and
others   to  pay  even  more
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words in length
Content which is judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, or racist will not be published Please be concise
tetters maybe edited for brevity, but it is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical
mistakes. Please bnng them, with identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must include name, faculty, and
Ireland's troubles more
political than religious
Paul Allen is to be
commended for his concern for peace and justice
in Ireland and his willingness to go to that troubled
country to investigate the
issue (Ubyssey, Jan.26).
But these good intentions have not helped him
avoid some of the tragic
myths about that conflict.
It is a myth, for instance, that the dispute is
based on religious differences.
The conflict was
launched by the British occupation of Ireland, and
that is still true today.
British troops are a repressive force which remain in
the country against the
wishes of the majority of
Irish people (And the majority of British people,
It is a myth, moreover,
that the police in northern
Ireland are an even-handed
agency striving to maintain
peace between warring factions.
The state-sanctioned
armed forces in northern
Ireland are -the British
Army, the Royal Ulster
Constabulary and the Ul- !
ster Defence Regiment. All
three have a consistent and
lengthy history of enforcing
sectarian discrimination as
well as imposing outright
The RUC (regular police force) and the UDR are
virtually unanimously
composed of loyalists, who
want to maintain the British occupation of Ireland.
This willing enforcement of an unjust system,
rather than adherence to
the Protestant faith, makes
people targets of the IRA.
Larry Hannant
Lawyers practice for the
future in LSA elections
I want to comment on
the sexualization of the
election posters in the law
building. For those of you
who J haven't noticed, two
posters compel discussion.
John Morton, in his bid
for Law Students' Association Treasurer Has chosen
to link sex with power. The
poster photograph is of
John Morton and Donna
Rice, or a reasonable facsimile thereof, sprawled
across his lap. How this
image reflects the capacity
to be treasurer boggles my
mind, although mathematically the image suggests a
simple equation: sex +
power = $ + votes. So what
are John Morton's qualifications for Treasurer? He
tells us that he is "CA",
"B.COM>", and "S.O.B.". If
there is a Mrs. Morton out
there I wonder how she fels
about her misogynistic son
who seeks election by referring to his own mother as a
Mimi Luk's poster pho
tograph employs the soft -
porn sell. With beckoning
eyes, a seductive smile
and sensual pearls shein-
vites the electorate,
through a keyhole, To
look to Luk for action".
Mimi Luk's qualifications
for the office of Law School
Ombudsperson (representative on three
committees) may be relevant, may even be important, but the image she
projects is overwhelming
submission to male political order.
A final, sobering,
thought is that the Mimi
Luks and John Mortons of
this world will one day fill
meaningful offices in society at large. Such officers,
in business and in government, will typically abuse
or derogate women and
minority groups, save the
one minority group whose
interests they will perpetuate: the patriarchs.
Grant Warrington
Law School (Grade 3)
money for no return. Thisis
a fault which lies with the
administration and its dis-
persement of funds, not
with any particular student body.
The question was not
whether or not I am for subsidies, of course I am, and it
was ridiculous for you to
assume I wasn't.
Carolyn Egan
AUS President
Tories spew
packaged as
The Progressive
Conservative's newly acquired news service is flourishing. The Tories partially
blame the media, in particular the CBC, for its poor
standing in the polls. Consequently, a Tory broadcast
service was created. However, does this service produce credible news or espouse propaganda?
There is absolutely
nothing wrong with political
parties participating in public relations, but the PC's are
knowingly passing propaganda off as credible news.
These desperate Tories are
taking advantage of a regulatory absence on this matter with no concern whatsoever about the ethical consequences.
The service is of course
free in order to entice use.
The Tories pay for it all.
targeted as prey are the
smaller television and radio
stations which are always
looking for an extra, free
news item to fill a vacant
time slot since their expenditure for the news is limited.
Regrettably, many
news directors apparently
find it ethically sound to
mislead the public by concealing the source; thus,
passing propaganda off as
credible news. Perhaps
these knowledgable directors are being puppetered?
In any case, their excuse is
that the information is factual. However, it is clear
only facts which the Tories
render politically beneficial
are being used along with
Tory rhetoric—propaganda.
There are no rules yet
for this propaganda game
because the CRTC never in
their wildest dreams foresaw the day where regulations in this area would be
necessary. Whoever could
have predicted that a so-
called democratic party
would stoop so low as to
misuse the air-waves by allowing propaganda to be
equated with credible news?
The Liberal and New
Democratic parties are
naturally concerned and
their concern will increase if
this propaganda ploy improves the Tory's standingin
the polls. Hopefully, this
will not in effect give birth to
two more fraudulent news
services in Canada.
Scott Bramhill
Coach thanks
'invaders' for
support in Vic
On behalf of the men's
and women's basketball
teams, I would like to thank
Don Isaak of AMS and all
the supporters who joined
him to cheer on the basketball teams in the recent
"Victoria Invasion".
Their encouragement
was terrific and I'm sure
that they all saw the impact
that three thousand fans
had on the Victoria teams.
We know that such excitement will become common
at War Memorial before
long with the continued
support of people like Don
and "the invaders."
Bruce Enns
Men's Basketball Coach
January 29,1988 Cruise implies
first strike
This is not a letter disputing
Greg Lanning's correct legal interpretation of sovereignty nor is it to
rush to the defense of Dorothy-
Jean O'Donnell, who if I may judge
from her language - dogmatic
prose - is associated with the
People's Front or another front for
the Communist Party of Canada
(Marxist-Leninist) with whom my
political sympathies do not lie.
The fault I find with Greg
Lanning's argument is with his
subjective opinion regarding how
Canada should use its sovereignty. Lanning states that "not
merely is Canada sometimes entitled to bring harm to others in
case of self-defence, but we have a
positive duty to inflict harm when
we are required to protect the
innocent against aggression." By
this we must assume that in his
opinion the cruise missile is a
weapon of defence. Yet Lanning
also points out that its purpose is
to destroy Soviet ICBMs while
they remain in their silos. This
does not sound like a defensive
weapon. To strike missiles in their
silos means to strike first before
the  use  of nuclear  aggression.
This is what Lanning deems to be
the protection of the innocent
against aggression. It would seem
that the Soviets are automatically
guilty of aggression in his mind.
His judgement, it appears,
has been coloured by the manner
in which the Soviet state treats its
population. This authoritarian
nature of the Soviet government,
over its innocent citizens, has little
to do with international aggression. As awful as their situation
may be I sincerely have my doubts
that nuclear first strike capability
will improve this innocent
population's lot. It seems that for
Lanning innocence must be
proved. Guilty until proven innocent? To argue self-defence isn't
attack required? First strike
means what it says to strike first.
Aggression. Canada therefore
could best protect the innocent
against aggression by utilizing its
sovereignty to deny the U.S. the
right to test cruise missiles in our
A demonstration will take
place at Robson Square at 11
o'clock on Saturday. This protest
will be one hour prior to, and independent of, the noon protest ofthe
People's Front.
Paul Dayson, Arts 3
Act for Disarmament Coalition
Cruise testing affronts
Regarding the letter in the
Ubyssey of January 26, entitled
"Cruise not a "weapon of mass
destruction'", there are several
statements that require rebuttal.
Sovereignty is not merely a
formal concept. The Canadian
government signed the treaty to
test the Cruise missiles, but
there is lots of evidence to show
that the people don't want those
missiles to be tested.
The generals of the U.S.
Pentagon want them tested,
just like they want the use of
Vancouer harbour for their nuclear warships, and Nanoose
Bay for a weapons testing
range, and increased Canadian
military spending for submarines and other military hardware. But why should Canadian policy be set according to
the needs and wishes ofthe U.S.
military and NATO?
Both the U.S. and the
U.S.S.R. are carrying out a dangerous armaments race, at the
same time as they are trying to
deceive the peoples, that their
war preparations are intended
only to "preserve world peace".
Superpower politics negates the
sovereignty of the peoples because it leaves crucial questions
facing the future of humanity in
the hands of the Pentagon and
Kremlin generals - the very
forces which are threatening the
world with a catastrophic new
The testing of the Cruise
missile in Canada is an affront
to Canadian sovereignty because the governmentis submitting to the U.S. dictate to carry
out these tests.
The second cruise test this
year took place on Tuesday,
January 25. A protest rally to
demand the cancellation of the
Cruise Missile Testing Agreement will take place this Saturday, February 1, at 12 noon at
Robson Square.
Dorothy-Jean O'Donnell
Law 1
links defended
As one whose research is supported by both industry and government, I must beg to differ
with Leanne Jacobs' opinion
concerning industry-supported
research. Acceptance of funding
from any source does not necessarily imply that the resultant
findings must be "tainted in
favour of the company supporting the research". Ifthatwerein-
deed the case, then academic
freedom (which we take very
seriously) could only be guaranteed by using one's own private
means to further research. Historically, wealthy amateurs
made a significant contribution
to the advancement of knowledge (and still do so). However,
for those of us of more humble
means, acceptance of outside
support can make the difference
between doing the work and not
doing the work. Ideological considerations aside, I see no real
difference between accepting
research grants from industrial
or governmental sources.
Corilane Gwyneth Cathyl Blckford
Graduate Studies
Cruise causes consternation claims concerned Canuck
Political sovereignty and constitutional pseudo-sovereignty
are two very different birds and I
have the feeling that Greg Lanning was preening the wrong one
this week in his criticism of
Dorothy-Jean O'Donnell's argument on the Cruise missile treaty.
Ms. O'Donnell's proposition that
the approval ofthe Cruise testing
rerveals an absence of political
sovereignty in this country is arguable, not necessarily convincing, but it wasn't effectively refuted by Greg's hurried outline on
the constitutional basis of Canadian sovereignty as seen in this
example of Federal treaty-making
This misapprehension is incidental however, when compared
with the ideas advanced about
how the Cruise is intended, not to
mention able, to neutralize Soviet
ICBMs prior to launch. I offer that
we shouldn't be terribly soothed by
this conceptualization of their
This supposed capability,
even if it existed in fact, would fail
to prevent hundreds of missiles
being launched at North America
and Europe  from  roving  Soviet
submarines. It therefore represents, to me at least, an unsatisfactory line of defence.
As loony a it sounds, it is out of
this mutually-understood first
strike uncertainty that the concept of mutually-assured destruction obtains its effectiveness to
suppress the use of nuclear weapons, including their tactical use [as
post-1945 history has shown].
This admittedly frightening balance requires whatever stabilizing influences either side can
bring to bear.
It is here that weapons like
the Cruise and low-yield "theatre"
nuclear weapons constitute a real
danger. To the Soviets, the former
makes an American 1st strike
attack appear "possible". The la^
ter makes the potential for "localized" use of nuclear weapons seem
"restrained", even "appropriate",
and therefore more likely.
The Cruise missile is portable, easy to produce and to conceal, it leaves no satellite.?signa-
ture" to allow early detection of
delivery, and is said to be accurate
within a few metres of a target.
For all these reasons it is destabilizing. Who knows how destabil-
Un-opposed pres.
I'm a little concerned with the
opinion expressed by the unoposed
AMS presidential candidate Tim
Bird regarding differential tuition
fees fon foreign students. In his
position as AMS president, Tim
Bird will be responsible for representing the concerns of all members ofthe AMS, including foreign
students. As far as their membership in the AMS, all full-time students are "regular students," and
are deserving of his representation. Being able to afford higher
tuition fees does not justify their
being charged them. By Tim's
argument, perhaps AMS executive members with their generous
honoraria should be charged
higher tuition fees, as well as persons from wealthy backgrounds,
and high paying summer jobs.
It is especially important,
when 3 ofthe 5 executive positions
will be filled uncontested, that
these executives take great care to
represent the entire AMS constituency, rather than just some
portion, and with that in mind I
hope that Tim Bird will rethink
some of the responsibilities that
accompany his position.
Graeme Luke, graduate studies
If the Cruise cannot save us
from an enemy attack, though
Greg seems to suggest it can, and it
serves not as a deterrent but
rather as an irritant, then what is
its real purpose?
Is it intended to fan the flames
of the historically-justified Russian obsession with invasion so as
to cause them to participate in an
arms-production race?
Would the expense involved not
cause internal disharmony in a
Soviet economy struggling to better meet long-neglected consumer
Might such an arms race be
helpful to convince an American
public to spend, spend, spend on
SDI and on military expansion
May we presume that the
military contractors undertaking
these massive projects will
operate on a break-even basis so
that the proportion normally
taken in profit will be patriotically
put aside to care for the sick and
the hungry of America and someday the world?
David Osborne
Law 1
3681 West Fourth Avenue at Alma
Vancouver, B.C.
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January 29, 1988
THE UBYSSEY/7 Video game sparks furor
By R.D. Shore
The opening seconds of the
video game Double Dragon depict
a woman being asaulted and abducted by a gang of men. The male
hero then begins a violent odyssey
to rescue her. After the thugs have
all been killed the hero recovers
the woman and is rewarded with a
Manufactured by Taito,
Double Dragon is stirring up controversy across the country because of its violent and sexist
The student council at University College of Toronto removed Double Dragon after students and the campus women's
centre complained it was sexist.
BCIT president Roy Murray
is quoted in The Vancouver Sun as
saying the student association has
volunteered to remove the game,
citing "concern about the reputation of the institution?
There are currently four
Double Dragon machines in the
SUB lower level games room and
one more on the concourse level.
Protest over the game is now
starting to surface at UBC and the'
AMS women's centre will soon
lodge a formal protest, according
to member Laurie Lawson.
"I went down to the games
room to have a look at the game
and it's pretty gross," said Lawson.
"Anything that promotes gratuitous violence and treats women
as objects is dangerous," said
Lawson,"and at some point we
have to say what is right and
Mark Quail, law 3, has also
objected to the game and will be
making the Law faculty representatives on UBC's student council
aware of his concerns.
"The games should be removed because I think it's important to send a message to the producers of these games that this
sort of material is not acceptable?
said Quail
"I see this game as a harmful
paradigm in which women are
marginalized and subjugated to
the whims of men? he said.
One anonymous games en
thusiast said he doesn't understand why Double Dragon has
been singled out as objectionable
when the same theme is shared by
several other common machines.
Donkey Kong and Ghostly Goblins
both employ a kidnapped woman/
male hero plot.
"How can you say the game
promotes violence against
women when the object of the
game is to beat up about ahundred
guys? he said.
Games room attendants Sandra Metcalfe and Peter MacDougall said they have never received
any complaints about the game
and added that it is probably the
most popular game on the premises.
AMS director of administration, Tim Bird, was not aware of
the controversy surrounding the
"I don't have time to play
video games, but 111 find time to
look into this and 111 be interested
to hear what the Women's Centre
has to say about it when they make
a formal protest? said Bird.
Video game in question, Double Dragon
mandel ngan photo
Loan program maintains elitism
from page 1
tional advisory committee) is just
another mechanism being used to
keep us quiet? says Macerollo.
Macerollo says the government representatives in the Group
are researching various projects,
including the cost of a full bursary
program for a February meeting.
"They are in the best position
to do that? says Macerollo, "and
they are also in the best position to
blowitoutofproportion. Soweare
going to look at what they come up
with and work from there. We are
giving them the benefit of the
doubt that they want to see improvements in the program as
much as we do."
Sheena Weir, the chair ofthe
Ontario Federation of Students,
says policy makers have to look
beyond the expense barriers that
keep students from getting a post-
secondary education.
"There is this attitude that if
students pay for education themselves, it will mean more. It's just
not true. As the system is now,
rich students' parents pay for their
"And even though we have a
student aid program, we haven't
changed the social climate at all so
we still have an elitist system.
There is still an attitude that you
don't deserve to go to university if
you are from a lower class background. Nobody tells you that you
have every right to go to university? says Weir.
"We need better student aid
programs. I know lots of people
who couldn't afford to go to university. And even if loans are available, you can't expect people to
take on debts when they come
from a homelife where a $1,000
loan was a debilitating prospect."
William Rompkey agrees.
"We have to start looking at
education as an investment, not as
a privilege. We should face up to
our responsibility as a society that
requires and educated populaton.
We should be willing to fund that
We should not be demanding
individuals to be educated to function in this society and then expect
them to somehow deal with the
debt? says Rompkey.
Background music by Evan Karasick on Piano
Tuesday February 2nd
12:30 p.m.
Hebrew Classes on Thurs. Feb. 4, 12:30 p.m
Hillel House is behind Brock Hall -m^-o j""]
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Expir« April 30/88
January 29, 1988


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