UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Oct 22, 1976

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Array UBC hospital gets OK
After 30" years of planning and
financial wrangles, UBC will
definitely have a 240-bed teaching
hospital on campus by 1980, it was
announced Thursday.
Health minister Bob McClelland
and education minister Pat
McGeer unveiled the project at a
press conference Thursday afternoon at the B.C. Medical Centre.
The hospital will be part of a $50
million program "to boost medical
teaching facilities in B.C.," said a
press release issued at the conference.
In addition to the new hospital,
more than $5 million will be spent
on extra space for teaching
medical science at UBC, and more
than $13 million will go to providing
teaching facilities at four Vancouver hospitals—Vancouver
General, St. Paul's, Shaughnessy,
and the new children's hospital.
According to the press release,
the government's decision
represents acceptance of the
recommendations of the task force
on medical teaching facilities,
chaired by Allan Kelly, former
representative for the University
Endowment Lands and former
chairman of the Greater Vancouver Regional District.
The Kelly report, submitted to
the government last June, has not
been made public, but both
McGeer and McClelland insisted
Thursday the report's recommendations have been completely
However, neither minister would
comment as to how closely the
project corresponds to recommendations for medical teaching
facilities made by the university
last March.
"There is no compromise
whatsoever," said McClelland.
"We accepted the report of the task
"I wouldn't want to comment on
how the university regards the
plan," said McGeer. "You'd have
to ask Dr. Kenny."
UBC administration president
Doug Kenny left the press conference immediately following the
announcement, and was not
available for comment later.
The university's proposals to the
government last spring called for a
teaching hospital to be built at
UBC, expansion of teaching
facilities at Vancouver General, St.
Paul's and Shaughnessy hospitals,
and the doubling of UBC's medical
school enrolment to 160 from 80
students by 1980.
The proposals were rejected
when a dispute arose between the
university and the B.C. Medical
Association about what should
receive funding priority—the new
teaching hospital or teaching
facilities in the three existing
At one point during the dispute,
McGeer threatened to divert
provincial funds earmarked for
UBC to the University of Victoria if
agreement was not reached,, and
gave UBC a 60-day deadline to
come up with a workable proposal.
The decision to go ahead with the
project was finalized Thursday,
immediately before the press
conference, during a meeting of
McClelland, McGeer, Kenny, of the
BCMA members and representatives of the downtown hospitals'
teaching programs.
UBC's medicine faculty was not
represented at the meeting.
"UBC has been planning a
campus facility since 1946," said
McGeer in an interview after the
press conference. "They met their
deadline, the task force met its
deadline, and now the deadline is
December, 1980 to have all work
The federal government's health
resources fund has agreed to pay
50 per cent of the cost of the new
facility, but the deadline for the
fund to be used is 1980.
"The money has sat there,
shrinking in value, for 10 years,"
said McGeer. "We-have only four
years to put it to use."
The final project, as outlined at
the press conference, makes no
mention of a schedule to double
UBC medical school  enrolment.
But Dr. David Bates, UBC
medical dean, said Thursday night
he is optimistic enrolment will be
"I suspect that the timetable of
student expansion was deliberately
left open," he said. "This is partly
because the decision to expand
must be formalized by senate and
the university, and partly because
it depends on now fast the physical
facilities are constructed."
"I suspect that the timetable will
be to take the enrolment from 80 to
120, then to take a breather and see
where we're at," Bates added.
"Then, if everyone is agreed, to go
to 160, or double the present
"There is a good posibility of that
being possible by 1980," he said.
"The federal government funds
would be lost after that, so we have
to do it by then."
McGeer said the provincial
government's contribution to the
UBC hospital would not jeopardize
future funding requests.
"This hospital plan and UBC
funding are completely noncompetitive," he said. "UBC gets
Seepage 15: NEW
. 240 beds for UBC
Vol. LIX, No. 16 VANCOUVER, B.C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1976
,48    228-2301
— doug field photo
HERE'S LOOKING AT YOU KID, big eye in the floor tells Claudia     Emina   Kurtagic,  and  takes  up  much  of ground  floor of  Lasserre
Headley, fine arts 4. Eye is part of You Are the Apple of My Eye, by     building. Note tear in upper right of picture.
7 didn't suggest closing Pit'—cop
RCMP Sgt. Al Hutchinson said
Thursday he did not recommend
the student representative
assembly close the Pit, despite
statements by SRA members that
he did.
The SRA voted Wednesday night
to stop serving beer in the Pit
because   some   members   said
Hutchinson was sending a letter to
the Liquor Administration Branch
recommending the Pit's liquor
permit be suspended. They said
some action to curb vandalism
resulting from drunkennes was
Hutchinson said he told the
student administrative commission, the administrative arm of
the Alma  Mater Society,  he  is
Students plot Pit revenge
Students reacted swiftly and angrily Thursday to
the student representative assembly's decision to
stop serving beer in the Pit for one month.
A group of students are organizing a "drink-in"
protest and are circulating petitions protesting the
SRA decision.
Ken Ball, who was soliciting signatures for the
petition, said the majority of students should not be
punished for the acts of an extremely small minority.
"It's like taking away drivers' licences because
some people drive too fast," said Ball.
Ball said response to the petition shows that the
SRA does not represent student opinion and the vast
majority of students object to the dry up of the Pit.
After only two hours of circulating the petition on-
Thursday, the students had collected 285 signatures.
Colin Brown and John Lowe, two of the protest
group organizers, said the drink-in protest will take
place outside the Pit at 7 p.m. Wednesday.
Afterwards, demonstrators will march up to the -
second floor of SUB to present their petition to the
student representative assembly meeting in council
The group's major concern, aside from the limited
availability of the amber liquid on campus, is that the
closure may result in a higher incidence of drunken
"If anything, closing the Pit is going to increase
drunken driving. Now students who live in residence
haveto driveout to, say, the Fraser Arms and back,"
Lowe said.
The liquor suspension is also unfair to undergraduate societies which had planned activities
involving liquor in SUB during the suspension, said
Lowe said the drink-in will be a bring-your-own-
booze affair, and students interested in organizing the
protest should contact the committee at 733-1289.
But Dave Van Blarcom, an AMS arts representative, said he doesn't think students should protest
the closing of the Pit.
"Personally, I think a petition or referendum could
defeat the whole point of the exercise. If the purpose
See page 5: STUDENT
concerned about vandalism at
"I wasn't aware they were going
to close it down, and then I got a
letter from them advising me that
they were," Hutchinson said.
But AMS external affairs officer
Moe Sihota said Thursday Hutchinson had recommended closure
of the Pit.
"He recommended it should be
closed, but he didn't say how long it
should be closed," Sihota said.
Sihota also said Hutchinson had
told the SAC he would recommend
closure of the Pit in a report to the
Liquor Administration Board.
But Hutchinson would not
comment on the contents of the
He said he met with the students
Wednesday and told them he had
prepared a report to the LAB.
"I had it ready to go yesterday
(Wednesday)," he said.
"Since they took this action
(closing the Pit) it was necessary
for me to include what they've
done in the report. That would only
be fair."
Hutchinson said he had been
unable to send his report to the
LAB Thursday, but would send it
SAC chairman Phil Johnson said
Wednesday that Hutchinson and
other campus RCMP members are
concerned about vandalism on
campus and think the Pit has
contributed to it.
Hutchinson said damage at UBC
has quadrupled in the last year.
But he said he does not know the
cost of the damage "because I
don't have to pay the bill."
He said he did not know if the
increase in vandalism could be
attributed to other factors than
drinking on campus.
"But I attribute a great deal of it
to drinking because of the times
and locations at which the damage
has occurred," he said.
Hutchinson said damage occurred mostly in the late hours of
the evening between 11 p.m. and
1:30 a.m.
He said he knew damage was
occurring in SUB because he had
seen it, but did not know the exact
times that specific acts of vandalism had occurred.
But he said he is not sure the
closure will lead to a decrease in
Hutchinson said the RCMP is
still issuing special occasion liquor
permits to residences.
"It's not as if the campus was
suddenly dry," he said. "And it's
not as if this was a permanent
program, it will only last for 30
"There's a very real possibility
that damage will continue."
Hutchinson said he would have to
wait and see if damage from
vandalism decreased during the
Pit's closure.
Seepage 6: RCMP Page 2
Friday, October 22, 1976
5- *^^ w*^JV^rT     *T
Music time.
The university symphony
orchestra, directed by Douglas
Talney, will play music of
Schumann, Grieg and Weber at 8
p.m. tonight in the old
Some things never change.
The Vancouver Institute, that
bastion of liberals and prominent
people, continues to hold its free
Saturday night lecture series in
the Instructional Resources
This Saturday, Thomas Hall
will speak on the emerging
understanding of cancer
causation.  Hall is director of the
Hot flashes
Cancer  Control   Agency  of   B.C.
and professor of medicine at UBC.
His lecture begins at 8:15 p.m.
in IRC lecture hall 2.
lostf found
Have you lost something
Because a lot of people have
been finding things. And they're
being stored in SUB lost and
found just waiting for you to
reclaim whatever it is you've lost.
A teddy bear? Flippers?
They're there in SUB 208, and
you can pick them up every
weekday from 11:30 a.m. to 1:30 '
p.m. and 3 to 4 p.m.
Since you will not be able to
drown your sorrows in the amber
liquid   at   the   Pit   for   the  next
^^',4isJJ&>*-*&i®iizi- -
month, how about losing yourself
in culture?
The main library fine arts
gallery is holding an exhibit of
Mokuhan Japanese woodcuts until
Nov. 13.
For those interested in
studying theology, fellowships are
available from" the fund for
theological education.
To be eligible, students must
be less than 31 years of age and
have at least a bachelor degree by
June, 1977. The fellowship will
assist students to study at an
accredited theological college in
the U.S. or Canada.
A selection committee will
hold interviews with interested
students Nov. 10. For further
information phone Heather Dalke
at 228-2876.
for the position of
To any full time Science student who is willing to
represent Science students on the university senate.
Nominations forms may be picked up at the A.M.S.
business office Room 266 S.U.B. 9 a.m. - 11:20 a.m.
and 12:20 - 4:00 p.m. These must contain the signature,
address and telephone number of the nominee and
signatures of 10 registered Science students.
Completed forms must be returned to Room 266 S.U.B.
by 4 p.m. Friday, October 29, 1976.
'Tween classes
Cantonese class, noon, Bu. 316.
General meeting, noon, SUB 249.
General meeting, noon, SUB 215.
Meeting,  noon,  International House
Cleanup party, 7 p.m., SUB 251.
Claire  Culhane   on  prisoners'  rights
and   conditions   in   B.C.  prisons,   8
p.m., 1208 Granville.
Organizational    meeting,   noon,   St.
Mark's College.
Geoplt   and  T.   M.   Drew,  4  to   11
p.m., Geography lounge.
Bible study.  Book of Daniel, noon,
SUB 212A.
Thomas   Hall,   director   of   Cancer
Control  Agency  of  B.C.,  speaks on
emerging   understanding   of   cancer
causation, 8:15 p.m., IRC 2.
Sold out, ticket holders only able to
attend, 8:30 p.m. to 1 a.m.. Totem
Park ballroom.
Bowling    practice,    9    to    11    a.m.,
Brentwood Lanes.
Annual high tea, 2 p.m., Sherwood
Lett House, Vanier.
Cantonese class, 25 cents per session
foj members, $1 per session for
non-members, noon, Bu. 316.
Big or Small Jobs
grin bin
3209 W. Broadway
(opposite Super-Valu)
Prayer meeting, noon, IRC.
Howard      Stanislawski,     national
assistant director of Canada-Israel
committee, speaks on Arab boycott
and implications for Canada, noon,
Hillel House.
13 g EJSE]E]gE]E)S3g G]G]G]E]E]G] ggggggggggggggggggggig
|       CANDIA TAVERN A        ii
ia i§
13 ig
13 Call 228-9512/9513 IS
U 4510 W. 10th Ave., Open 7 Days a Week 4 p.m. -2 a.m. j|
IS [gialglalalglalsSSSlalalsIalalslslalalalHlsIs BOgSIalsIslHBIslalaBIa IS
Sign up for an appointment
at the Sedgewick Library
Term Paper Clinic
OCT. 25-NOV.5
10 a.m. - 2 p.m.
RATES:   Campus - 3 lines, 1 day $1.50; additional lines 35c.
Commercial — 3 lines, 1 day $2.50; additional lines
50c Additional days $2.25 and 45c
Classified ads are not accepted by telephone and are payable in
advance. Deadline is 11:30 a.m. the day before publication.
Publications Off ice, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Vancouver.
5 — Coming Events
10 — For Sale — Commercial
Community Sports
Many Amazing Prices for Racquets
of All Kinds — 50 per cent Discount
on   all   Racquet   Stringing.
3616 W. 4th AVE. — 733-1612
35 — Lost
70 — Services
85 — Typing
PROFESSIONAL typing on IBM correcting typewriter by experienced
secretary.   Reasonable.   224-1567.
WANTED TYPIST on campus willing to
discuss rates. Sean, 228-1602. 228-1603.
11 — For Sale — Private
ECONOLINE VAN, paneled, insulated,
shag, FM-8 track, reliable. $450 o.b.o.
Frank, 872-2869.
shape, 26 mpg., carpeted, table, bed,
radio, new battery. 876-4780. $1400
$350.   Must   sell!   Perfect   condition.
224-5222 after 6 p.m.	
20 — Housing
2 BEDRM. HOUSE (Shaughnessy area),
beginning Nov. Phone 730-9390, Sam,
after 5 p.m.	
25 — Instruction
30 - Jobs
CAMPUS DROP OFF for fast accurate
work from accurate copy. Reasonable rates. 731-1807 between 11:00
a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
90 - Wanted
UBC ROWING CREW needs manager.
See coach Al Morrow, lunch hours,
(Mon.-Fri.),  Rm.  315 GYM
99 — Miscellaneous
'r^r=^r=^r^r==Jr==ir=Jr==ir=J[=Erf= Friday, October 22, 1976
Page 3
'Pit would fare better in city'
If the Pit was in Vancouver instead of the University Endowment Lands, it would likely be
open today.
Although Staff Sgt. Glen McDonald of the Vancouver city
police vice squad did not say that,
he outlined in a Thursday interview a system employed in
Vancouver which is designed to
prevent surprise closures such as
has befallen the Pit.
The Alma Mater Society closed
down the Pit, the Lethe and student
drinking functions in SUB to stave
off a withdrawal of SUB's liquor
permit which it feared would have
occurred with almost no warning.
But McDonald said enforcement
of liquor laws is different in
Vancouver than in surrounding
municipalities. The UEL, under
RCMP jurisdiction, is a separate
Vancouver's   system   of   en
forcement "isn't an authoritarian
dictatorship type system," he said.
"In the downtown areas, we have
patrolmen   who   specialize   in
nothing but licenced establishments. We keep a pretty close
check on some of these places so
they can't get out of hand," McDonald said.
If there is a problem at an
establishment, it will be watched
closely for incidents, he said. "This
only goes on once or twice and
bang, we nip it in the bud."
The treatment of each problem
depends on the history of a licence,
he said. For instance, if the
establishment has had a good
history, the police and LAB will
hold a "round-table discussion" to
iron out the problem, said McDonald, or warnings can be issued
to the owner.
But if warnings are not heeded,
the problem is turned over to the
EXERCISE IN FUTILITY is conducted by student collecting signatures
for petition to re-open Pit. Petition needs 500 signatures to force
referendum on Pit closure and received 285 in two hours Thursday. But
— deryl mogg photo
there's a catch — referendum won't be any sooner than 21 days from
now, and council could easily stall for another week . . . which would
take it to Nov. 22, when Pit is to reopen anyway.
Law student keeps battling board
UBC law student Roger Schiffer
denied Thursday he is being
hypocritical by threatening to take
the university to court to remove
non-student Rick Murray from the
UBC board of governors.
Schiffer has called for Murray's
resignation because Murray is not
taking any courses at UBC but
continues as a student representative on the board.
But Schiffer himself held a seat
on the Simon Fraser University
senate when he enrolled in the UBC
law school. He resigned the seat
Oct. 1.
He also said he is still officially
an SFU student so it was not improper for him to sit on the SFU
senate in September.
He said a student need only attend or plan to attend two out of
three trimesters to be considered
an SFUstudent. He attended SFU
for the past six trimesters.
And it was well known when he
was elected to senate that he would
be going to UBC in the fall and
quitting senate at Christmas,
because he admitted in his campaign he would be attending UBC.
Schiffer said his efforts to have
Murray removed include a written
demand to the secretary of the
board to declare Murray's seat
"I suspect they'll act upon this
and comply with it," he said. "If
they don't I'll ask the Supreme
Court of B.C. for a writ of mandamus."
Under such a writ, a judge
determines if a person has a legal
obligation to do something and
then issues the writ ordering the
person to do it, Schiffer said. In this
case he hopes the writ would order
the board of governors to declare
Murray's seat vacant.
Murray was elected to the board
last November, but did not return
to UBC this term. Instead, he took
a job with the Vancouver
engineering department. Murray,
who has the support of the student
representative assembly, has
refused to resign his seat.
Schiffer said he is most concerned about the principle of
student representation.
"The franchise and right of
representation is next to holy," he
said. "What the administration
needs to be taught is that the two
positions of student board members are sacrosanct, and that it's
better to have them empty than to
have a non-student in them."
No run yet on Ponderosa
. not hypocrite
If there's going to be a run on
UBC's remaining liquor outlets
because the Pit has been closed, it
isn't evident so far.
Neither the grad student centre
nor the Ponderosa cafeteria, which
serves beer, experienced any increase in attendance   Thursday.
Two undergrad students interviewed in the grad centre
Thursday said the situation will
have little effect on drinking
"The Pit is an immature strange
place, and there are probably a lot
of idiots there. Closing it won't do
anything. It's like a slap on the
wrists. After it opens it will be the
same animal show again," said
Tim Runkle, fine arts 4.
"It was a juvenile stunt," added
Andrew Wreggitt, arts 4.
Architecture grad student Al
Sawchuck said the closure "is a
bit drastic. It was obviously a
political move by the. student
representative assembly. They
overreacted to the threat of having
the licence revoked.
"Instead, there should be more
staff. More intermediary steps
should be taken first. Just closing it
down is a bit drastic—it should only
have been taken as a last measure.
Many people rely on it as a social
meeting ground."
The grad centre is open from
noon to 7 p.m. Monday through
Thursday, and 4 p.m. until midnight Fridays and Saturdays.
There is a beer garden on Friday
afternoons from 3 p.m. until 6 p.m.
Beer -is sold at the Ponderosa
from noon until 4 p.m. Monday
through Friday.
Although sparsely populated,
there was one group having a few
beer after class in the Ponderosa.
Their reactions were as negative
as those from the students in the
grad centre.
"They've     pulled     juvenile
detention on the. students," said
Ken Reeder. "More people will be
driving from places like Gage
Towers to the Fraser Arms in the
. evening, and coming home drunk.
"One good thing that may come
out of this is that students will
become habituated to drinking at
other places, and the Friday night
line-ups at the Pit will permanently
decrease, maybe," said Mel
Booze vote tally
The vote to prohibit liquor in the Pit, the Lethe and at Alma Mater
Society functions in SUB for the next month was approved Wednesday
night by a 20-10 vote of the student representative assembly.
For the record, here's how your reps voted. Reps who are not named
did not attend the Wednesday meeting.
For booze:
Gordon Funt, senator; Keith Gagne, senator; Dave Jiles, arts
representative; Basil Peters, boardof governors; Kim Roberts, law
rep; Paul Sandhu, arts rep; Moe Sihota, social work rep; Pam Willis,
arts rep; DonMeakins, dentistry rep and Stephanie Ensworth.
Against booze:
Bill Black, engineering rep; Lynne Braiden, rehab medicine rep;
Bill Broddy, arts rep; Dick Byl, senator; Steve Creed, engineering
rep; Bev Crowe, arts rep; Blake Fleming, science rep; Aksel Hallin,
science rep; Glen Howell, librarianship rep; Susan Hoyles, senator;
Anne Katrichak, science rep; Gary Moore, senator; Booth Palmer,
recreation rep; Peter Quiring; John Russel, grad student rep; John
Swainson, senator; Dave Theessen, SRA president and commerce
rep; Margaret Urquhurt, nursing rep; Dave Van Blarcom, arts rep;
Fran Watters, arts rep and Kerry Zoehner, science rep.
Education rep Carol Obedkoff and Jim Stephen both abstained
during the vote.
City of Vancouver's standing
committee on community services,
headed by Aid. Harry Rankin,
which would receive a report from
the police or the LAB recommending removal of the licence, he
The committee then holds formal
hearings at which the licence
holder and his or her lawyers can
give reason why the licence should
not be withdrawn.
"It's a good system. It's a check
on us, it's a check on the LAB, it's a
check on the committee. Most of
the owners support this system.
"They give out quite a few
suspensions in Vancouver," he
added, but most suspensions are
for 10 days or two weeks to allow a
change of management or
elimination of problems.
Six-month or one-year suspensions are rare, McDonald said.
There is one important difference, however, between the Pit
and downtown bars. The Pit has a
specially-issued special occasion
permit, which differs from a
standard liquor licence.
Special occasion permits normally last for one day, but the Pit's,
permit lasts for one year and was
the result of lengthy negotiations
with the LAB. The Pit permit can
be revoked at any time without
Pizza parlor
stays wet
in dry SUB
Food services head Robert
Bailey said Thursday he does not
think students will flock to the SUB
pizza parlor because the Pit is
closed, nor does he think pizza
patrons will emerge to vandalize
the campus.
But local RCMP Sgt. Al Hutchinson, who has said he would
recommend the Pit's liquor permit
be suspended and spurred the
student representative assembly
decision to close it down-
indicated he disagrees.
"The pizza parlor is still
operating so it's not as if the
campus was suddenly dry,"
Hutchinson said. "There is a very
real possibility the damage will
The student representative
assembly voted Wednesday to
close the Pit and the Lethe for a
month and ban all liquor at events
in the building for the same period.
Bailey said food services runs
the pizza parlor—which serves
beer and wine—mainly as a food
outlet so there should be no
problems with drunken patrons
leaving the parlor and causing
The parlor is the only liquor
outlet left in SUB, but patrons must
buy food in order to buy liquor.
"Under this principle, the administration doesn't see the
problem as emanating from these
facilities," he said. "Serving food
changes the emphasis."
Bailey said the administration
does not plan to stop serving beer
at the pizza parlor or the Ponderosa cafeteria.
"These facilities are concerned
with selling food," he said. "Since
we don't feel that the problem
comes from patrons of the pizza
parlor or the Ponderosa, there is no
reason to close them down.
-"These things run in cycles.
There is a rash of vandalism, and
everyone automatically jumps to
the conclusion that beer or liquor is
responsible. But when something
begins to fall apart, something has
to be done, although I don't know if
closing the Pit is the right answer.
"Even after the Pit closes, if
vandalism continues, it will
probably be traced to off-campus
consumption of alcohol," he said.
Bailey said attendance at the
parlor Wednesday night—the first
night the Pit was closed—was
normal. Page 4
Friday, October 22, 1976
These were the days
Forget all this nonsense of the last few
days for a while. Instead of turning back the
hands of time, let's turn them forward about
20 years . . .
Mary sipped dejectedly from her black
russian. "You know, Phil," she said to the
small, intense-looking Slavic man seated
across from her. "It's sometimes so
depressing, working on the campus television
station here. It's such a boring campus."
"You're right, Mary," the man said. "God
— when I look at the videotapes from the
'80s, man, they were so good. It must have
been so exciting to work on the UBC-TV
"Yeah, Phil. People were actually doing
things then. Remember the tapes about
when the students impeached Kenny? And
the guy they replaced him with! There were
tons of good stories about him."
"And the station did such interesting
things then. One time, they had a whole
weekly series on the fact that the guy who'd
been elected neurosciences dean hadn't told
the voters that he'd opposed democracy at
the university when he was in the
government. That sort of thing just doesn't
happen any more."
"Yeah, that's right. I remember reading
those stories. What was his name again?
McGeer? Anyway, if that happened
nowadays, I get the feeling that people just
wouldn't care. As long as they had their
beer, they'd happily keep going to classes,
no matter how outrageously reactionary the
prof might be. Is there time for another
black russian?"
"Better not. We have to start editing
tonight's newscast in 15 minutes. But it's
true; the '80s were the good old days. It's
like the '70s now, the things students are
interested in."
Phil turned in his chair and reached into a
cupboard behind him, pulling out a large
green volume. "Look at the kind of stuff the
student paper was filled with in those days,"
he said, opening the volume at random.
Mary read: "Pit, Lethe shutdown."
"God. They took up a whole front page
with that. Is that all students thought of?"
"Students were such kids then. They
didn't give a shit about anything. They
didn't mind shitty teachers; they didn't
mind paying high tuition fees for something
they should have expected as a natural right
of anyone in the society. They didn't care
that they didn't have any say in how the
university was run."
"It must have been incredible. There
must have been more than 20,000 people
out there, all supposedly getting an
education. But they didn't give a shit about
what they were learning."
"All they cared about was getting a job
when they graduated."
"... or, if they were women, about
finding a husband."
"... or beer."
"... or skiing."
"What children."
"No kidding. Absolutely brainless. And I
can't believe people nowadays are nostalgic
for the '70s."
"But they are . . . I changed my mind.
Maybe I will have another scotch. Another
black russian?"
"Make it two."
" Mary took another look at The Ubyssey
from Oct. 21, 1976, then sadly, slowly
closed the book and tossed back the bit of
water that had formed in her glass from
molten ice cubes.
At last! Student involvement!
We have shown conclusively that
beer is the great equalizer on this
It's a shame that all of this furor
only serves to underscore the
rationale behind the closure of the
Pit and other liquor outlets in SUB.
One of the major complaints of the
local police has been students
drinking excessively, and all of this
ensuing bitching and frantic
banging out of letters of protest to
The Ubyssey is enough to give an
outsider the impression that we are
all a bunch of crazed alcoholics.
Sure, the whole damn thing is
annoying, but if over two-thirds of
your student reps voted in favor of
the move as the most practical of
several unpleasant alternatives,
there must have been a very good
reason for it. The issue was
discussed for two and one half
hours at last night's meeting of the
student representative assembly,
and everyone got a chance to express their opinion on it, but in the
end the most reasonable course of
action was to keep the matter in
the hands of the students.
Having worked for the Liquor
Administration Branch for the past
five years, I can assure you that if
they had gotten involved in this
we'd really be screwed. The LAB
bureaucracy makes UBC's look
positively streamlined.
In conclusion, even though you
may be convinced that your
student reps would make an excellent Thanksgiving repast at
Place Vanier, at least they took the
initial step of getting involved with
the way things are being run out
here. Until you yourself are willing
to make a similar commitment,
quit screaming and try to appreciate that in their own, possibly
misguided way, they are doing
what they think most beneficial to
the majority of students.
Kevin McGee
arts 4
The Alma Mater Society does
have the right to close down the
Pit, but I think that a greater
degree of understanding is called
for with regard to the employees.
Unfortunately, the expenses of
these people, primarily students,
will not stand still just because
their paycheques have been
temporarily cut.
I feel that the AMS should give
all of the Pit workers full pay
during the shutdown. 'Since they
had little to do with the closure,
they should not be penalized as a
Should the AMS fail to do this,
my conclusion would be that they
lack a sense of financial and moral
responsibility, which makes me
wonder why we should approve the
proposed fee increase on Nov. 16,
17 and\18.
Does this way of dealing with
people, never mind employees,
really belong at UBC?????
Lennart Henriksson
arts 1
The Pits
The Alma Mater Society-
sponsored prohibition was levied
for three reasons, as stated in the
advertisement in Thursday's
1. Vandalism: The morons who
are responsible for the vandalism
in SUB will probably double their
destructive activities in retaliation
against the AMS action. They now
have a cause to wreck for.
OCTOBER 22, 1976
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout the
university year by the Alma Mater Society of the University of
B.C. Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not of the AMS
or the university administration. Member, Canadian University
Press. The Ubyssey publishes Page Friday, a weekly commentary
and review. The Ubyssey's editorial offices are located in room
241K of the Student Union Building. Editorial deplartments,
228-2301; Sports, 228-2305; Advertfsing, 228-3977.
Co-Editors: Sue Vohanka, Ralph Maurer
Shane McCune, Doug Rushton, Chris Gainor, Steve McClure, Ted Davis and
Sue Vohanka dove to the ground as the reischbureaucrat swished his
phlegm-ruler through the air. ,And that's just the beginning. Next you tiny
minded peasants must write 100 inches each about the role of lupins in UBC
student politics." Heather Walker cringed as Mike Bocking, Vicki Booth,
Kathy Ford, Doug Field, Geof Wheelwright, Deryl Mogg, Matt King and Ted
Davis dashed to their typewriters to fulfill the impossible demand of the
diminutive dictator. Merrilee Robson, David Morton, Jan Nicol, Greg Strong,
Mike MacLeod, Verne McDonald, Will Wheeler, Maureen Curtis, Amanda
King and Lindsey Corbett goosestepped across the newsroom chanting
"fascists have no right to speak, do da, do da." And Eva Flynn, Bruce Baugh,
Ian Morton, Richard Currie, Les Wiseman sang Heil to the Chief.
2. Drunkenness: Since when has
cutting off one booze supply ever
stopped alcohol abusing people
from getting drunk? Where there's
a will, there's a swill.
3. Drunk driving: Now instead of
careening back to residence on foot
in their drunken stupor, students in
residence must now drive back
from their alternate watering holes
in their alcoholic oblivion. And off-
campus drunks still must drive
back from their alternate watering
holes off-campus, as they must
from the Pit.
It seems to me that the AMS is
making a bad situation worse, as
well as ignoring the real problems
behind these disturbing goings on.
The students at large are suffering
inconvenience, higher prices at
alternate drinking places and lost
jobs (to name a few grievances) as
a result of this feeble measure by
the AMS.
The AMS is protecting their
privileges as a student society.
Who the hell is going to protect the
privileges of the students from the
privilege-protecting AMS?
Georgia Merry
arts 1
Never before in the field of
campus drinking have so many
been deprived by so few.
I talk of the members of the
student representative assembly
who voted to close the Pit, not the
yahoos that vandalize the campus.
There have always been yahoos on
campus but now the situation has
worsened, while the student
population has risen drastically
since the Pit opened, this establishment has not expanded. The pizza
parlor is a poor substitute.
I do not condone the vandalism
nor practice it but anyone who
wants a quick beer and some
conversation after studying, finding a one-hour lineup cannot help
being displeased. And if he decides
to wait the hour, he is not going to
settle for just one. One beer an
hour is poor return.
So my solution is to expand the
Pit or raise the drinking age in it to
21. Both are viable alternatives to
reducing the lineups and thus the
vandalism. Another suggestion is
to make the doors half glass and
half something else, this would
mean that there would be less glass
to replace if they were damaged
and they would be less likely to be
So what's going to happen on
Nov. 22? Unless some thought is
put to the alternatives then we will
be back with the yahoos again.
Andy Metten
civil engineering 3
After the recent events involving
Harry Schwarz and a group of
mental rejects I decided to make
my feelings known in writing.
However, I realized I could not
possibly hope to inflict more
damage to their cause than their
performance did the afternoon of
the meeting I attended, so I won't
But now I find myself in a picture
on page l of Tuesday's Ubyssey
pointing two angry fingers at one of
the desk-beaters. And unfortunately your reporter/photographer identifies me as
a "Schwarz supporter". Nothing
could be further from the truth. My
anger was not in defence of
Schwarz, but in defence of the
individual's right to freedom of
speech. I thought you should know.
Lex Poulus
arts 4 Friday, October 22, 1976
Page 5
Students set up TASC ferce
TASC is here! Whoopee!
Sounds like something out of the
computer centre, a bastard
mutation of FORTRAN? Well,
TASC is actually something which
will benefit all of the students on
campus someday, God willing and
with a bit of interest and participation from all of you out there.
TASC stands for the Teaching
and Academic Standards Committee, a group of students who are
such losers that they have nothing
better to do with their time than to
get together and try to improve
some of the goings on in this
academic haven.
Their reasons for doing this are
two-fold: they actually believe that
they can do something to make this
institution a better place to learn,
and, if they can make enough
changes and lean on a few people,
they might actually be able to
wangle their way through and
But we'll forget about the second
reason for now. I thought I'd better
be honest about things before the
truth came out. One can't be too
careful with those Ubyssey sleuths
prowling around. I myself have to
support a widowed parrot with a
respiratory disease from smoking
too many Tiparillos, so I have to
This year TASC is concentrating
on three areas. The most important of Jhese is the printing of a
calendar supplement to be made
available to students sometime
next summer. In it will be
evaluations of courses and their
professors so that next year you'll
have some idea of what you are
getting into without finding out the
hard way.
The important thing is that some
profs may read it and try to improve on their weak points. That,
after all, is the most important
reason for TASC's existence, the
improvement of teaching standards.
So, if during the year you are
handed a teaching evaluation
questionnaire, please treat it
seriously and answer it thoughtfully. The results can only help you
and future students.
The other two areas which TASC
hopes to work on this year are
student representation on decision-
Student drink-in set
to protest dry SUB
From page 1
of the AMS's closure of the Pit was
to show that students themselves
are concerned about abuses of
regulations that are taking place,
and if the student body turns
around and reverses that, it just
defeats the whole purpose," he
However, one of the signatures
on the petition protesting the
closure of the Pit was that of AMS
president Dave Theessen, who
voted to dry up the Pit.
Van Blarcom said a student
drink-in would be a "ludicrous"
action, and wouldn't help at all.
"I hope the students will take
this seriously and won't react with
a knee-jerk response to have their
beer taken away," he said.
The AMS will reconsider the Pit
closure in a special meeting next
week, he said.
Another vote on the closure will
be taken then, but Van Blarcom
doesn't think the Pit will be
reopened as a result.
"What we will know is how long
it is going to take to implement the
changes that have been recommended," he said.
SRA president Dave Theessen
speculated Thursday the Pit would
be reopened Nov. 1.
Van Blarcom suggested students
talk to their undergraduate society
reps and find out why they voted
the way they did.
"If nothing else, I think it's
important that students realize
why the reps voted the way they
did. The arts reps voted 2-1 for
closing the Pit. Even engineers,
foresters, and other arts types
voted to close," he said.
He said most reps thought it was
hairy puce blorgs were found shot
to death in an eastisde Dreck City
garage early Thursday.
The eight are apparently victims
of the gang-war that has been
blazing through Dreck City since
the Reichbureaucracy banned
Nabisco shredded wheat two years
ago. The two gangs have been
grappling for control of the
lucrative boxtop black market.
A Schutzstaffel spokesman
Thursday speculated the eight may
have been members of the Bent
Tyrant gang and were shot by "hit
men" working for the notorious
Fake Blemish.
Recently, Blemish narrowly
escaped being blown up when a
bomb was planted by a member of
Tyrant's gang in his enema bag.
He only survived because he chose
to skip breakfast that day.
a crisis situation that had to be
solved within the next few hours.
Most reps thought if they didn't
close the Pit down when they did,
the Liquor Administration Branch
would close it down forever.
According to the AMS constitution, a petition must have 500
active students' names and student
numbers before it will be considered   for   a   referendum.
making bodies (namely tenure)
and on an analysis of the present
grading system and its inconsistencies. The policy of this
university at the present time
concerning tenure seems to lean
toward having the proper
credentials in terms of articles
published, as opposed to actual
teaching ability and communication with students. The
marking system is very erratic,
with different professors in the
same department fluctuating
between preferences for style over
content, and vice versa.
Also, some profs teaching the
same course will be much more
harsh in their marking and doling
out of higher grades than others,
resulting in a grade average which
often reflects more of the prof's
marking preferences than the
student's actual knowledge of the
subject. There is a great deal
which could be improved upon in
both issues.
If any of the aforementioned
subjects has an appeal to you, feel
free to drop in on a TASC meeting
anytime. They are held at noon
Friday in SUB 230, and the
members would appreciate all the
help they can get.
Finally, there is one last important thing I would like to
mention relating to our goals. Have
you got a class where there
definitely is something wrong?
Does the prof address you with the
warmth and empathy of Bill van
der Zalm? Are their lectures as
stimulating as Bill Bennett's home
movies? Do they assign work loads
as though theirs was the only
course you were taking?
For assistance with these and
other related problems, TASC
strongly urges you to contact your
ombudsperson, Iris Rich, and she
Notice to Graduating Students in
A meeting will be held in Room 104, Buchanan Building
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 26, at 12:30 p.m.
to hear a representative from the Placement Office
(Office of Student Services)
on the subject
Graduate Employment
Polls will be conducted for the
at the following locations and times:
At The Three Campus Residences:
Place Vanier
Totem Park
Gage Towers
In The Following Buildings:
Henry Angus
MacMillan Building
Civils Building
Buchanan Building
Woodward Library
Scarf Building
Sedgewick Library
will try to help you out. If it is a
problem which cannot be resolved
in the classroom, she will discuss it
with the prof involved. If an
agreement cannot be reached she
will continue to present your case
on your behalf at various other
levels. She does not guarantee
instant results, but she will act as a
buffer between you and your prof.
TASC will be actively assisting her
whenever the situation would be
benefited by their involvement.
So don't just sit there in class and
suffer. Contact Iris. She can be
reached in her office in SUB 226 or
by telephone, 228-4924.
McGee, a fourth year political
science student, is a member of the
student representative assembly's
teaching and academic standards
Whaddya knew, Jee?
Next week  The L'b>ssey unveils its opinion pagi-
It is called I Am Jot's Opinion, and will be lound on page 5 as often
as we have space and an opinion to put in that space
Your opinions—on absolutely any thing are welcome They should
be l>pcd, triple-spaced and on a 70-spaco line, if possible If you or
\ our group wish to submit an opinion piece please come in and talk
to the editors. Sue Vohanka or Ralph Maurer. first
\extwoek, I Am Joe's Opinion will have a member of the group
that shouted down South African politician Harry Schwar? explain
whj fascists have no right to speak A political science student will
write why he thinks the Oct 14 da> of protest was important even
though it was a qualified failure
1 A student member of the board ot governors will write that the
student council reacted to pressure from the RCMP and others when
it closed down the Pit and I<ethe And we'll have a letter from a
medical htudent in South Africa
See >ou next week
call the
Both students and tutors register for $1.00.
Rates arranged between student and tutor.
A program of the UBC Alumni Association.
MON. OCT. 25
Mr.   Howard   Stanislawski,   Assistant   Director of  the
National  Canada-Israel   Committee  will  speak on
OCT. 25 TIL NOV. 6
/"*^r»^* *■%=> Between Dav
1275 Seymour St.
& Drake
685-3288 Page 6
Friday, October 22, 1976
approves of
Pit closure
From page 1
He said he approves of the SRA's
decision and does not consider it an
He said he thinks the SRA closed:
the Pit to draw students' attention
to the problem of vandalism and
drinking on campus.
He said the drinking facilities on'
campus are a "privilege and a
convenience". !
"If students use them properly
they'll be able to continue to use I
them. If they abuse them,  they'
may lose the privilege," he said.
Hutchinson said he thought the
SRA's main purpose in closing the
Pit was to educate students.
"They'd like them to stop and
think," he said.
Hutchinson said he does not have
the authority to close the Pit.
He said the RCMP was
responsible for the enforcement of
liquor regulations, but does not
have the power to close a liquor
He would not speculate about the;
possibility of the LAB suspending;
the Pit's permit in response to. his;
The SAC and SRA decided to
close the Pit because of fears
Hutchinson's report could lead to
Liquor Control Board chairman
Victor Woodland said he can close
down any licenced facility at his
own discretion.
He said he has had to do this
before, generally for a few days to
a few weeks.
He said in cancelling or withdrawing liquor licences the board
looks for lack of control within the
licenced facility, infractions of the
liquor control and licencing act,
and problems the facility is
causing to the community.
These refer to excessive
drunkenness and rowdiness, too
many rules being broken by
patrons,   and   general   damage.
Reichsbureaucracy has ordered a
30-day moratorium on common
sense in this tiny island kingdom.
"This time it has simply gone too
far," associate deputy Reichs-
bureaucrat Menling Krutz said in
making the announcement.
Director, Cancer Control
Agency of B.C.
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Prof. Hall also holds a post in
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Villain rapes research
In the deep, dark places where
UBC researchers live you can hear
a horrible gnashing of teeth. A
shortage of money has stopped the
research gnomes from digging.
They are mad. Their ivory
towers are under attack by their
arch-enemy, the Canadian
Economy that Can't, and all
gnomes mustered to defend the
towers are screaming for help. For
the most part these screams are
the high, shrill shrieks of a tender
virgin. Let us sit back and see if
she is raped.
Can the Canadian Economy that
Can rescue her in time? Will
Miniwac take a swipe at her attacker? Will our honorable leader
Shrug-Shrug come to the aid of
Miss Research? Or is he behing the
villain, secretly slipping it to her?
The real villain is the federal
government. Under its lead,
Canadian research has become a
paradigm: "me too"; jumping on
the international bandwagon to
study topics which often have little
or nothing to do with Canadian
needs and at which we cannot hope
to succeed given our half-hearted
financing. Through its granting
agencies — the Medical Research
Council (MRC), National Research
Council (NRC) and Canada
Council — the federal government
encourages research projects that
are often little more than public
relations gimmicks to burnish our
international reputation.
The-little amount of money this
country does devote to research is
wasted in financing thousands of
projects insufficiently. For
example, in .1969-1970 the NRC
spent an average of $12,000 per
project. By 1975-1976 that average
had slipped to the equivalent of
$7,000. When scientific results are
accruing most often to large, well-
financed projects, why does
Canada encourage the opposite?
UBC dean of graduate studies, P.
A. Larkin, says that this hesitant
attitude characterizes Canadian
research endeavors. Unlike the
U.S., Canada does not play for
keeps. This country is a nickel-ante
player in a game of no-limit poker.
Larkin, who is also a member of
the Science Council of Canada,
says that Canada's contribution to
science serves as a minimum
deposit on a key to foreign
discoveries. In other words,
Canada smokes the cigars of the
real gamblers for a token cost.
This sounds like a good deal, and
it is, up to a point. Canada shares in
the valuable discoveries of foreign
scientists but because Canadian
research emulates foreign investigations, this country garners
few results applicable to peculiarly
Canadian problems. Furthermore,
the federal government seems to
view research spending as a cost
that can be trimmed in times of
economic recession — ignoring
that today's scientific discoveries
ensure a strong economy in the
In other ways the federal
government exacerbates the
slump in Canadian research:
• The federal government gives
no tax concessions for research
and development. Hence, most
multi-national corporations locate
their laboratories outside Canada
and do not commission research at
our universities.
• Since a make-or-buy program
went into effect in 1973, contracts
from federal departments to
universities have almost ceased.
Under this program government
departments are encouraged to
contract out work to industry.
University officials think that the
federal departments are circumventing the intent of the
program (namely to farm out in-
house research to industry) by
shifting the work formerly given to
universities to industry, while
GNOMES . . . gnashing their teeth and screaming
— doug field photo
retaining as many research functions as possible within the
• Three quarters of all Canadian
research is done in government
labs which, unlike universities, are
neither required to publicize their
results nor submit to a review of
• Complex problems like those
of resource usage, urban transportation and pollution, which
require inter-disciplinary study do
not receive sufficient attention
beeause the Canadian granting
councils are poorly organized to
support such research. For
example, the Canada Council and
the National Research Council will
both reject the same application on
the grounds that it comes under the
auspices of the other. The NRC
serves the physical sciences and
the Canada Council serves the
social sciences and the arts, but
there is nothing working in favour
of projects combining aspects of
both areas.
However, the federal government is not the only villain. The
B.C. government does not support
research at its own universities. Its
record is "bloody poor", says UBC
research administrator, Richard
Spratley. "Victoria has never
taken advantage of our research
capability." In 1975-1976 the
provincial government commissioned less research at UBC
than U.S. sources did.
Despite slack research capacity
at UBC this university does not
advertise to industry. In a September 4th story the Financial
Post tasked Canadian industry for
failing to exploit research and
development opportunities in
campus labs. Surely the university
shares equal responsiblity for this
The decline in university
research in Canada (at least 25%
since 1969) has directly affected
students. It means fewer students
get part-time or summer jobs on
professors' research projects. It
means there are fewer places at
graduate schools.
Students and research assistants
have been struck harder than
professors by this slow-down. The
university pays professors'
salaries. But the professors take
only as many graduate students
and assistants as their research
grants will allow for. No grants —
no graduate students, no research
Since 1969 when the slow-down
begair the number of doctoral
candidates at' UBC has fallen
sharply. Last year there were 67
doctoral candidates in Chemistry
versus 126 in 1969. In English 33
last year versus 55 in 1969.
Mathematics: 27 versus 60. The
roll goes on.
What do these figures import?
Allowing the graduate schools to
atrophy weakens undergraduate
programs. Dean Larkin points out
that strong graduate schools at a
university strengthen undergraduate programs by
initiating preparatory courses in
the senior undergraduate
curriculum, and gradually at
earlier and earlier years. In this
manner science courses which
twenty years ago were taught at
the graduate level are now taught
in first and second year.
Another result of dwindling
graduate populations will be a
dearth of trained Canadians to
teach at our universities. Once
again, as in the sixties, Canadian
universities will have to fall back
upon foreign professors to fill
positions that could go to
Canadians. There is no reason
Canadian universities should not
hire excellent foreign professors
but it only impairs the quality of
our universities if large numbers of
mediocre profs have to be airlifted
in to fill positions that are empty
owing to our own lack of foresight.
Whatever the gnomes say
publicly about the deplorable state
of research at our universities,
they privately admit that the slowdown has produced some
beneficial side-effects. University
profs have finally had to go outside
traditional sources for funding:
UBC pediatrician Dr. Wah-jun Tze
earned more than $25,000 for
diabetes research as a result of a
hot-line show he did to promote a
bike-a-thon. Professors in UBC's
health sciences have organized to
call attention to individual cases of
medical research failing for want
of support.
The stir has caused the
provincial government to commission a report on the condition of
research,in B.C. Roger Gaudry,
formerly president of the Science
Council of Canada, is expected to
table his preliminary findings this
month. He will likely recommend
that the provincial government
increase its contribution to
university research. The
provincial government could
hardly do less than it does now.
Last year it spent $250,000 on
health research, compared to
Ontario's $5 million and Quebec's
$3.5 million.
From a long-term point of view
the great research debate provides
its own best justification. At last it
is possible that ponderous political
bodies will be prodded into action.
(They operate on the theory that a
lot of noise means something.)
Canadians can produce excellent
research results, but we must be
willing to gamble on areas of
special interest. Of course,
research must not be limited to
forestry, fishing, mining and
agriculture. We know all too well
how to hew wood and draw water
and suck for foreigners. But it
should be more focused than at
present, so. that the more important research receives
adequate funding.
Yes, this does mean that
priorities for research must be
established. A lot of people are
going to scream. A lot of marginal
and some good research is going to
be scrapped, but that is the price of
making Canadian research effective. Only when these tough
decisions have been made should
more money be put into research in
Canada. ■
At the same time, other changes
should be made: in the tax laws to
encourage industry to do research
in Canada; in the organization of
the federal granting councils to
permit necessary interdisciplinary research; and in the
amount of research the government does within its departments
to see if it really is competitive.
The provincial government should
realize it is neglecting a useful
resource in the pool of talent at
B.C. universities. And the
university must be taken kicking
and bitching out into the real
So, next time you see a gnome
give him a poke to make him
scream even louder. Maybe, just
maybe, the noise will rouse
someone to save Miss Research.
Meanwhile, let the screaming
Research ethics reviewed
What does a scientist do? Can his
research be judged as right or
wrong? These questions have
assailed men ever since Galileo
was   ordered   to   put   aside   his
— doug field photo
consent needed.
telescopes and Leonardo da Vinci
ordered to stop his dissections.
In  recent years,  research  involving human subjects has come
under increasing scrutiny by the
judiciary and by society in general.
At UBC, there are organizations
known as ethics review committees which must review and
approve all research.
The ethics review committee, or
The Committee Screening
Research Involving Human
Subjects, as it is properly known
was formed in the late 1960s,
primarily in response to scientific
and legal developments at that
time. Changes in the civil code
were made by the federal minister
of justice, redefining invasions of
privacy by doctors and the legal
rights of patients.
New procedures such as organ
transplants were posing ethical
problems, creating the need for a
legal definition of death.
UBC's ethics review committees
(there are actually three at
present) were, like many others
across Canada, organized in
response to lawsuits brought
against several Canadian
universities. In these suits, doctors
were held responsible for conducting work of an experimental
nature, without the consent of the
patient. The universities in each
case were found to share .in the
blame, since the work was done in
their facilities. Ever since that
time, universities have used
committees similar to those at
UBC to ensure that research, done
under their auspices is morally and
legally acceptable.
All research involving human
subjects at UBC must be approved
by one of these three: the Medical
Committee, the Health Science
Committee, or the Psycho-
Sociological Committee.
Each committee is composed of
approximately 10 persons who
cover the fields of specialization
which are to be researched. In
addition, there are a number of
people from outside the field who
sit on the committee, including a
lawyer, a university official, a
psychiatrist, and a lay person.
These committees are primarily
educational in function, publishing
the guidelines to be followed by
researchers. According to Dr. J. A.
Hinke, chairman of the Medical
Committee, the emphasis is
directed toward ensuring that the
informed consent of the subject is
obtained. This means that the
subject must know the purpose of
the experiments, and the demands
which will be placed upon him.
Also, the subject may withdraw at
any time, regardless of the effect
on the experiment.
If a research project is rejected,
it is sent back to the would-be
researcher, with an explanation of
why it didn't pass. The applicant is
encouraged to re-submit the
project in mofified form. In most
cases, the researcher accepts his
mistakes and modifies his experiment accordingly. Only very
rarely does a researcher refuse to
submit to the authority of the
committee. In such a case the
university holds the ultimate
power of cutting off funds, thereby
halting research.
Page Friday. 2
ffriday, October 22, 1976 •%'
*" ■«&>?*. wak?^ *
UBC prof opens universe
A unique discovery by a UBC
astronomer has opened a whole new area
of research in the relatively new field of
radio astronomy.
The discovery, made by Dr. Phillip
Gregory of physics dspartment, has led to
the application of new techniques for
studying stars. Until recently only the light
that was radiated or reflected by celestial
bodies was available for study.
Stars emit more than light. They radiate
energy in many forms from x-rays to radio
Light has the distinct disadvantage of
being blocked by matter. Astronomers have
no firm idea of the exact shape and structure of our own galaxy because they simply
can't see far enough into it — there's too
much in the way.
Radio waves are less easily blocked by
matter and distorted by the earth's atmosphere, and 26 years ago scientists for
the first time turned radio antennae to the
sky to listen for the radio transmissions of
Since then more than 30,000 radio sources
have been detected and recorded, none of
which involve little green men. Most of these
are other galaxies, quasars, and other
sources outside the Milky Way.
Of the 600 or so sources that can be
identified with stars in our own galaxy, all
but a few fall into two categories, planetary
nebulae and pulsars.
Plenetary, nebulae are thin shells of
matter thrown off by a star, forming an
expanding sphere of gas particles with a
diameter a thousands times that of our solar
This gas is heated and ionized by the star
within it and generates continuous radio
Pulsars are radio sources that emit
regular pulses of radio signals several times
per second. These are extremely dense
stars, very close to being "black holes", a
kind of star so dense that light cannot escape
its gravitational pull.
Dr. Gregory's concern is with the smallest
group of radio sources in our galaxy, those
that emit radio waves in varying amounts.
These sources are a grab-bag of star and
nebula systems whose activity is generally
so weak that it is undetectable by any but
the largest radio telescopes. Mostly they are
binary systems, two stars revolving around
each other, and this was taken to explain
their variations.
In 1972, however, Dr. Gregory discovered
highly variable radio emissions from a
celestial x-ray source called Cygnus X-3, in
the constellation The Swan, that in a few
short days had gone from being a barely
detectable radio source to one of the
brightest in the sky.
It had brightened by a factor of 1,000 and
speculation about the discovery and its
meaning immediatley arose.
No radio source had shown a change of
such magnitude and over such a period of
time. The variations observed in Pulsars
takes place in milliseconds, not weeks or
months. What was the nature of Cygnus X-
According to Dr. Gregory, the available
observations suggest that Cygnus X-3 is a
binary consisting of a sun-type star and a
very dense star. These revolve around each
other once every 4.8 hours, separated by a
paltry few million miles.
The intense gravity of the dense star acts
on the other; causing periodic explosions
that hurl clouds of electrons and protons
from the star into its magnetic field. They
accelerate as they spiral along the magnetic
lines of force, nearing the speed of light
speeds, and resulting in a type of radio
emission called synchrotron radiation.
But explaining how Cygnus X-3 transmits
its message of existence to earth is only
beginning. Are there other systems like it?
Are there other kinds of variable radio
sources which are only detectable at certain
times and have not shown up in surveys
undertaken so far?
To answer these questions Dr. Gregory
has initiated a research project entitled
variable Galactic Radio Sources. Together
with Dr. Argyle of the Dominion Radio
Astrophysical Observatory (DRAO) at
Penticton, and physics honor student Alex
Szabo, he is undertaking a survey of a small
section of sky with daily observations over a
period of three months.
This survey, centred on the Swan constellation where Cygnus x-3 has burst into
activity more than 20 times since its
discovery, will detect and identify any radio
studies the stars
source that
Since this
varies during the three month
kind of survey takes up large
amounts of telescope and computer time,
the project is the first of its kind to be attempted. "We don't know what we might
discover ... the possibilities are endless,"
says Gregory.
Nor is Variable Galactic Radio Sources
the only project at UBC exploring the
fascinating possibilities of radio astronomy.
Two other members of the physics
department, Drs. Shuter and McCutcheon,
together with Dr. Gregory, are constructing
a radio telescope near TRIUMF which will
enable UBC to become a centre for research
in radio astronomy.
This telescope will incorporate the most
sensitive receiver in existence for such work
and will attract researchers from
throughout Canada and the United States.
Some of the research envisioned for this
telescope includes investigation into the
molecules that make up dust and gas clouds
in space.
By methods similar to the optical
astronomer's use of spectroscopy,
molecules can be identified with a radio
spectroscope by the manner in which
signals are emitted at characteristic
It was recent research in this very area
that uncovered the existence in space of
clouds of ethyl alcohol (booze) extending
,over. light years of area.
Unfortunately U is too far away to help in
solving the latest campus shortage.
Triumf: a science triumph
It is common knowledge that Triumf is a
meson facility located on UBC's South
Campus. But few people know that it is one
of three in the world. Triumf is the only
cyclotron in Canada that can accelerate a
proton beam to such a high energy that
secondary particles called mesons are
produced. The more expensive American
facility can produce beams of higher
energy, but it is a mile long. The Triumf
cyclotron, in a building of modest size, does
practically the same job by twisting the
beam into a spiral.
Triumf has attracted visitors from all
over the world. Currently scientists from the
Universities of Tokyo and London are
working with local scientists. In lieu of rent
they have brought with them much expensive equipment. Recently a Soviet
delegation inspected Triumf, as the USSR is
planning a similar machine.
Triumf is the only meson factory in the
world that can produce, simultaneously,
several beams of varying energy. As a
result, many kinds of research can and do go
on at Triumf. But leaving, for the moment,
the fascinating work being done by
physicists and chemists, consider those
aspects that are relevant to us all..
The biomedical team is developing new,
ways of treating cancer. A dose of negative
pions can be concentrated in the tumor,
damaging the surrounding tissue less. In
comparison, some of the old methods were
more like fixing a fine Swiss watch with a
sledge hammer.
Unfortunately, a good deal of preliminary
testing is necessary before cancer patients
can benefit. So far scientists have managed
to destroy living cells suspended in gel and
to retard the growth of broad bean plants
with the beam. But cells multiply so quickly
that the intensity of the beam must be increased.
In 1977 when funds for extra shielding are
released, Triumf plans to take its intensity
to 100 microamps. Scientists hope to be able
to treat people in two years. In the meantime, testing is about to begin on pigs.
Scientists do foresee one other difficulty.
The pion beam emerges horizontally. The
problem of positioning the patient to accommodate the beam, will have to be
worked out.
On September 16, four patients were the
first to drink a radio-isotope made at
Triumf, Iodine 123. Iodine 131 is presently
being used to diagnose thyroid malfunctions
and cancer. However, iodine 123 diagnoses
more accurately and gives the patient only a
hundredth of the dose of radiation. Unfortunately, it is more expensive because it
must be made in an accelerator. Dr. R.T.
Morrison, Assoc. Pr. of Path., knows of 2,000
patients at the Vancouver General Hospital
alone, who could benefit from its use.
If given the necessary development
money, Triumf could cheaply provide all of
Canada with the better nuclide of iodine.
Iodine 123 is also difficult to obtain in the
U.S. because of a law restricting public
funded agencies, which produce the 1-123,
TRIUMF ... big magnet makes little things
from competing with private companies
that make the 1-131.
But Triumf is primarily intended for the
exploration of the tiny universe of the atom.
The largest group of researchers are
nuclear physicists investigating the forces
that hold the nucleus together. One experiment involves the conversion of thorium
into uranium 235, a nuclear fuel used in
Canadian reactors.
This process, called electrical breeding,
will allow us to consume nuclear fuel more
efficiently, producing fewer wastes. If more
funds were available, the beam could be
used to cure a serious pituitary malfunction,
and to replace the more harmful x-ray.
Pi-mesons, or pions, decay rapidly into
muons. Some of our local chemists use
muons to deduce the "internal field" in iron.
This information, difficult to obtain by other
methods, can, in turn, increase our
knowledge of the magnetic properties of
other elements.
Chemists combine muons and argon gas
to produce muonium, which can
masquerade in experiments as a light
hydrogen isotope similar to deuterium.
Comparative reactions are conducted to
help scientists understand the role that
mass plays in theories of isotope effects.
Triumf provides possibilities for many
different kinds of research. Every year a list
of experiment proposals is drawn up.
Politicians decide how much money will be
put into scientific research, and the National
Research Council decides where the funds
will go. Triumf receives a $4.5 million
operation fund from the NRC, as well as
additional money for new construction and
experiments. This year about one third of
the proposals Triumf made were funded.
Triumf has not yet suffered cut-backs, but
increases are certainly not expected. At
today's inflationary rate, that's almost as
Originally Simon Fraser University, The
University of Victoria, and UBC
collaborated to bring about Triumf; Tri-
University Meson Facility. The name was
kept, for obvious reasons, when the
University of Alberta joined soon after. The
four universities have paid for the buildings
on the site. The federal government
financed the construction of the $36 million
machine. Hampered by strikes, its completion was a miracle in itself. Local
companies got many of the contracts,
although the 4,000 ton magnet was built in
theeast. Triumf was declared operational in
Triumf is an exercise in the cooperation of
many men and several institutions. Understaffed, the research scientists often find
themselves moving the facility's enormous
equipment around. Cramped for space,
some find themselves occupying trailers
parked around tbe building. One man who
has been sharing such quarters with experimental mice, must now relinquish the
unit to several pigs. As for the expensive
equipment, much of it is on loan from other
research facilities.
Triumf will enable scientists to gather
invaluable new information—both applied
and theoretical. Although it is situated in a
relatively out-of-the-way spot, its unique
features have attracted interest from all
over the world. As Karl Erdman, Associate
Director stated, "Triumf is a world class
Friday, October 22, 1976
Page Friday, 3 science
Krypton found
Astronomy is the science of
conjecture. Too often there is no
way to back an astronomer's
theory with facts. Logical
assumptions are made; a theory
can be based entirely on
mathematics, but how can we
know we're right?
Until this century it was impossible for astronomers to be
sure. The first concept of modern
astronomy — Copernicus' theory
that the sun is the centre of the
solar system — is only four hundred years old. The first telescope
was invented less than a century
later. The earth-bound astronomer
could do little more than gaze at
the universe and speculate.
With the twentieth century came
the space probe. Now an
astronomer's theory can
sometimes be supported. We are
no longer completely earthbound.
However, there are still many
questions that may never be answered.
How was the universe made?
How did our solar system come
into existence? Is there order to the
solar system?
Long ago it was thought the
planets were randomly
distributed. Now, many
astronomers are finding reasons to
disagreewiththis. UBC astronomy
professor Michael Ovenden is one.
A versatile thinker and writer, he
is especially interested in the
dynamics of stars and planets, how
they move and interact.
The solar system, he says, is
carefully arranged according to
certain physical laws. The planets
are not distributed at random
around the sun; they will, in fact,
space themselves as widely as
possible so they will not affect each
others' orbits. There is also a nasty
gravitational effect between large
and small bodies called Roche's
limit. If a planet somehow ventures too close to a slightly larger
planet, the gravitational stresses
will tear the smaller body apart.
For these reasons all the planets
are spaced fairly evenly; the
smaller planets closer together
than the larger ones according to
their gravitational force. The one
exception to this rule is Mars, the
red planet.
According to Ovenden the red
planet should be farther away from
Earth than it is. Its present
position can be explained by
speculating that a tenth planet
once existed between Mars and
Jupiter. Twenty million years ago
it exploded, and now Mars is
moving outwards to fill the gap.
Ovenden calculated that a planet
having about one hundred times
the mass of Earth fits perfectly
between Mars and Jupiter. He has
named this planet after Superman's home world — Krypton.
Krypton's explosion' may have
had one dramatic effect on our
solar system. Tom Van Flanden, a
Vancouver's Top Rock
Wed. - Thurs. - Fri. - Sat.
9 p.m. - 2 a.m.
(No cover
1450 S.W. Marine Dr.
U.S. Naval Observatory
astronomer, had the idea that the
long-period comets might be debris
from such an explosion. He devised
a method to trace their orbits, and
found they all began somewhere
between Mars and Jupiter at about
the time of the explosion.
Of all the planets, Mars was
affected most when Krypton exploded. The small world, now too
close to Earth for comfort, began
to move out towards Jupiter.
According to probes there are
strong indications that considerable amounts of free water
once flowed on Mars. As the red
planet crept outwards it passed a
point of no return, where the sun's
warmth could no longer thaw ice.
The rest is conjecture; Mars as
we know it is certainly too cold and
dry to sustain life. One point is
worth noting: if it were possible to
warm the red planet, water might
flow again, and begin life anew.
GALAXY . . . Krypton exploding ?
Braun Audio Highlights
1923 Max Braun buildsdetectors with artificial crystals and lays fourtdatiort
for the future development of his
radio production
1926 Recognized specialist for radio
parts, primarily tube sockets, transformers condensers choke circuits
dials and plugs
1929 The first manufacturer to combine
receiver, amplifier and speakers in
one unit
1930 Thefirslradio phonogiaphcumbma-
193S The first battery-opei.vt-..' portable
• radio
1957 Braun sets a new course in iadio
technology   - a receiver with separate speakers which becomes a
prototype tor Braun hlfi equipment
19S9 Stereo unit is introduced The re-
. sportse to new speaker system is
especially favourable
1982 First fully transistorized hift-radio
1985 Hifi matched system  turntable  receiver and amplifier
1969 New line of speakers lor hjfi use
1970 TG 1000 taoe recorder.
197jrRee<e 6 IO receiver
1973 Compact combination hifi unit with
speaker elements
1976 New speaker line ol five models introduces in Canada
and design "firsts".
And now we'l let our speakers
speak for themselves.
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Braun Electric Canada Ltd.,
3269 American Drive, Mississauga,
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Branch offices: Montreal. Vancouver.
White models by special Order only.
We're not going to teffyou how great they are. You've
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When comparing speakers,,include Braun. Test them.
Your ears must make the final judgment.
1114 DAVIE
Page Friday. 4
Friday, October 22, 197< ,-'t*^-
! Ai
!»..'> ^^ ;
Suzuki talks on morals
In this issue, PF staffer Gregory Strong
takes up the issue of science and morality
with noted geneticist David Suzuki, science
professor at UBC, onetime director of the
B.C. Civil Liberties Association and an
outspoken advocate for the publicizing of
scientific knowledge.	
The twentieth century has seen an ever
increasing emphasis on scientific research
and technological innovation in North
America. Some of the results of this emphasis have been seen in the enormous
strides made in medicine, such as the
discovery of the so called 'wonder drugs',
antibiotics and radiation treatment, in
communications with teletype and satellite
broadcasting and in transportation with
sonic airliners.
But as scientific research becomes more
complex and our insights increase, certain
discoveries have been found to rock the
foundations of our morals. Unanswered
questions have been raised, such as, at what
point is a human foetus an individual, what
constitutes intelligence and life itself and,
finally, are there potential weapons that
should not be used?
PF: Do you believe that there is still such
a thing as pure science?
SUZUKI: The question of whether there is
pure science is a loaded one. The fact is
there are all sorts of questions being investigated where we don't see any potential
application, but the big change that's
happened in the last few years is that the
time lag between discovery and some use of
that discovery has shortened.
In the past if you discovered gravitation it
might take you 150-200 years before you
made any use of that concept. But now that
has changed.
That was the thing with nuclear fission. As
soon as Fermier and his group discovered
nuclear fission in 1939, physicists immediately realized it could produce energy,
either in bombs or for peaceful uses. The
time lag between application and discovery
has changed the whole sense of
responsibility in science.
PF: You think that control has been lost
over direction in science?
SUZUKI: There never was control. In the
past scientists were philosopher dilettantes,
people who could seek after truth as a
cultural activity. They either had a rich
person sponsoring them or they had enough
money to do it on their own.
What's happened in the last hundred years
is that governments have taken over the job
of being sponsors of science with the idea
that not only is it a cultural activity, but it
has the potential to be applied in industry,
military or medicine.
Scientists are still being trained with the
idea that we are seekers after truth; we are
going to find out new knowledge about the
world and the Universe. We're still training
people as if we're 17th century scientists,
but we're not. There's an enormous degree
of responsibility that comes with being a
PF: Are you suggesting that a scientist
should refuse to work on projects that he
knows will be used for immoral purposes?
SUZUKI: I think that very few of us ever
come into that clear cut an issue where
results will clearly be used for bad reasons.
The bulk of knowledge in any area always
has the potential to be used for evil purposes, that's just a fact of being human.
PF: Do scientists see their work as the
raising of knowledge that is essentially
SUZUKI: I don't know about neutral
knowledge, it tells you something about the
In my area of genetics, the thrust of
thinking is that if we can manipulate genes
in test tubes and introduce genes into
people, it will be used for beneficial purposes, used to prevent genetic defects, cure
or improve certain types of people or individuals. But by knowing how to
manipulate genes in test tubes you could
induce deformities in normal people.
PF: You've mentioned some of the uses of
science weapons, where do you believe the
major threat will come from?
SUZUKI: I still think that the major
problem facing us is nuclear weapons and
yet the U.S. continues to make three new
hydrogen bombs every day.
Talking about the tools of war, you can't
imagine the kind of inventiveness that is
being applied by the military scientists.
There is 'weather modification' which was
tried in Vietnam and is now attracting a
great deal of interest. If, as the CIA report
says, there is a one degree drop in the
average temperature in Canada, it will wipe
out three quarters of the export food industry, eliminating millions of acres of land
for use in raising wheat because the season
will be too short. There is an enormous
potential for this action and it could be done
outside the borders of the country that you
wanted to act on.
You can't expect scientists to provide the
proper guidelines for themselves, anymore
than you can expect the military to be
responsible for declaring war, or for that
matter, any other vested interest group to
police themselves. And that's why I say that
the third input should not come from
scientists, but from the general puhlic. The
responsibility of a scientist should be to
make sure that he is doing everything he can
to de-mystify the scientific process.
Science is too important to be left to the
military and private industry. The general
public must be made aware that it affects
them in everything they do.
I think that the general public is very
fascinated-by what goes on in science and
they are becoming increasingly concerned
about how the quality of their lives is affected. There is a feeling that scientists are
delving into an area that ought not to be
The whole controversy over abortion is a
very complicated one. I think the 'Right to
Life' people are responding in a very
genuine emotional way to the sense that
medicine and science have gone too far and
so they take an indefensible position that the
fertilized egg has a soul. For me that's not
defensible but the response and emotional
concerns and fears are real, we can't
dismiss them with all of our intellectual
arguments. We have to deal with that in
some way.
I don't know whether education is the only
way to control science but it's the only way I
see of returning science to the people who
are most strongly affected by it.
Scientists constantly look to Hiroshima
and Nagasaki as the time when science lost
its innocence. I don't regard Hiroshima as
the big change, not if you think about the
kinds of things that have happened in the
last thirty years and the kinds of inventions
that have been put out. Not only televisions,
but DDT, polio vaccines, plastics, computers and the oral contraceptive which did
more to revolutionize society than virtually
anything you can think of.
SUZUKI . . . science PR man
If you go out and talk to children, which
we did for a television show, and ask them to
draw a scientist or describe one, the
majority of them depict scientists as
Frankensteins — a very telling thing.
PF: I guess your background has had a
strong influence on how you see yourself as
a scientist.
SUZUKI: I think the fact that I went
through the war in a concentration camp
and was strongly affected by it in my for
mative years ... so that in addition to the
pain of just developing as a teenager, I had
an added problem of my attitudes towards
race, towards Whites and Japenese and that
was reflected in my college years when I
was very active in civil rights in the States.
My choice of genetics was a fluke because
I had a teacher who excited me about it, but
once I became aware of the potential misuse
of genetics, I had to reassess the whole
question of what it was to be a scientist.
PF: How much of human behaviour do
you believe is made up of acquired
characteristics and how much is environmental?
SUZUKI: I think an enormous amount of
our behaviour is learned. There is a
popularity of ideas that people are innately
aggressive, innately territorial.
I think £he environment is the overriding
factor, though there is a genetic component
to the limits of our intellectural abilities.
But one of the problems in talking about
intelligence is that we don't know what it is.
The I.Q. test was unfortunately called
"intelligence quotient" test and though it
may measure a component of intelligence, it
certainly isn't an indication of intelligence.
It was designed as a predictive measure to
determine how well a child would do in
future and as that it is a tremendously
powerful device. I think it has been abused
and is regarded as some immutable number,
when we know I.Q. scores can change and
are affected by the test situations.
If you take the I.Q. score itself, then you
can do genetic studies and find that there is
a strong genetic component to I.Q. scores.
And the most dangerous abuse of that kind
of knowledge is the type of thing that
Shockley and Jensen have been saying, that
the average I.Q. difference between black
and white is genetic — an impossible
comparison to make. There is no question
there is an I.Q. difference but there is no
way to prove that it is genetic.
PF: And not cultural.
SUZUKI: Yes. Jensen and Shockley are
claiming that this difference is genetic, a
Get your shit together
On Thursday September 30, two frosh
reporters were spotted pulling into the
gravel parking lot of the B.C. Research
Centre. Clipboard and pen in hand, employing galoshes and conditioned g.w.g.'s,
— ion Stewart photo
PIGS . . . they provide the poo
they proceeded to investigate the Waste
Handling Pilot Project Plant. Accompanied
by Dean Warren Kitts they entered the plant
and met Professor Coulthard and Dr. Chris
The Waste Handling Pilot Project Plant
was engineered by Professor Coulthard in
1971 to recycle and change the character of
animal waste. Utilizing the waste of hogs,
poultry, beef cattle and humans, Professor
Coulthard and colleagues are working to
find the nutritional value of waste. According to Dean Kitts, "Recycling waste
eliminates two problems: it removes what
would otherwise be waste pollutants and reuses otherwise useless material." The Pilot
Plant consists of a dairy and beef cattle unit,
a piggery and facilities for mink, sheep and
poultry who serve as subjects for the
necessary experiments in Waste
The heart of the recycling plant is the
digestor. It is fed via a 20 by 10 foot underground 'sump' which holds the liquid
waste or 'continuous slurrey.' The digestor
is an aerobic (utilizing oxygen) system
which promotes bacteria growth essential to
improving the nutritional value of the
recycled waste.
A unique feature of the digestor is its
thermophylic quality, which means that the
digestor produces its own heat. The idea is
to get the temperature high enough to kill
pathogenic organisms such as round worms
and tape worms common in hogs which
would be detrimental to the final edible
The final product is an odorless, tasteless,
lightweight flaked substance. According to
Professor Coulthard it has been fed in
limited amounts to chickens, hogs, beef
cattle and sheep with few dilatorious effects.
Dr. Saben, who specializes in hog wastes is
presently dosing proportional amounts of
waste into the hogs diet and has successfully
administered it into 30% of their diet.
The Waste Management Project began in
1970 as a result of the Canadian grain
shortage. This occurrence sparked interest
in Dean Kitts of Agricultural Sciences; a
native Vancouverite and a graduate of
U.B.C. His research work in this field
originated in 1952 when he presented a
theoretical paper on alternate feed for
cattle, and was motivated to establish a
campus pilot plant to pursue solutions for
feed shortages. This project soon expanded
to include the management of hog, poultry
and human waste. The Iona Island Sewage
Plant presently supplies the campus pilot
A new larger plant has been instituted in
Port Alberni and will be in operation within
the next few months. This plant will have a
6,000 gallon as opposed to U.B.C.'s 3000
gallon digestor. According to Professor
Coulthard, the plant will pay for itself in
three years. Because of the large scale
operations possible, the Port Alberni plant
will have research advantages over the
U.B.C. plant.
In line with similar progressive research
projects, Dean Kitts commented that in
Germany and Holland, generous government support has resulted in much more
sophisticated operations that Canadian-born
As to public reluctance towards this
project Dean Kitts speculated, "People do
not understand the value of this type of work
— it may not affect them today but it will
affect theirs tomorrow."
Two all beef patties, special sauce . .
lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions
on a sesame seed bun.
Friday, October 22, 1976
Page Friday. 5 '?&»&#&
]*J&H&£$t* -'
„    entertainment
Hawk haunts roller rink
Ronnie Hawkins is one of the few
musicians playing today who
really understands what rock and
roll is all about. Those who saw
him at the Old Roller Rink in North
Vancouver last weekend witnessed
an incarnation of rock and roll
But this was not a rock and roll
revival act. Hawkins has been
playing since 1952. He has never
attained much commercial success, but his music embodies all
the influences that formed early
rock: country, blues, R and B,
swing and some folk music. The
type of rock and roll that emerged
from these various American
music forms is called
"rockabilly". Hawkins was
learning this kind of music in his
native state of Arkansas at about
the same time as Elvis was
developing a very similar style of
music in Memphis. Hawkins has
always played that early style of
rock and roll. To call his act a
'revival' is nothing less than a
The first hit single for Hawkins,
Forty Days, came out in 1958.
Shortly afterward he moved to
Canada. Since coming to Canada,
he has had two other hit singles,
the Gordon Lightfoot song, Home
From the Forest, and a bluesy
number which featured the late
Dwayne Allman on guitar, Down in
the Alley.
Despite his lack of commercial
HAWKINS . . . Ozark rockabilly
success, Hawkins' influence on
rock music has been by no means
negligible. Roy Buchanan, now
hailed by some as the world's
greatest blues guitarist, played
bass and then guitar in an early
edition of Hawkins' band. All the
members of The Band played with
Hawkins. Levon Helm, a fellow
Arkansan, was the first to join in
1958and Canadian Rick Danko was
SUB FILMS will now present
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the last in 1961. Robbie Robertson
learned a great deal with Hawkins,
starting off as a roadie and then
working his way up to playing
bass, rhythm and finally lead
guitar. The Band's capturing of the
quintessence of American music
owes alot to the wide experience of
the idiom they gained with
Hawkins. The Full Tilt Boogie
Band, who played on Janis Joplin's
Pearl album, also were at one time
a backup band for Hawkins.
The line-up Hawkins had at his
gig last Friday was in the fine
tradition of his previous bands. The
Hawk himself handles vocals and
generally directs the proceedings.
On blues harp and vocals he
featured Richard Newell, "King
Biscuit Boy", thought by many to
be one of the two or three greatest
blues harp players alive today.
Dwayne English on drums and
Jerry Young on Telecaster guitar
have both played with the likes of
J. J. Cale, Leon Russell and
Charlie Daniels. Karl Mathers on
fiddle and slide guitar, Jack De
Kaizer on lead guitar and Greg
Brown on piano and Jeff Jones on
With a rare blend of competence
and raunchy enthusiasm, the band
moved through a set that encompassed blues, folk, country and
rock. The opening number,
Statesborough Blues, featured
Newell on vocals and harp and was
followed by an energetic performance of Forty Days, a rocker a
la early Elvis. A boogie number
served as a showcase for Jack De
Kaizer, who played so well on his
red Gibson guitar that one suspects
he may be yet another Hawkins
discovery. Somehow, although he
is in his early twenties, this
guitarist has got all the Scotty
Moore and Chuck Berry licks down
It's a credit to Hawkins that he's
still touring, and it's a blessing to
his fans. After twenty-five years of
playing, he knows that if the big
break was going to come it would
have come somewhere back along
the road. Yet, Hawkins plays on.
And we still enjoy, because places
like the Old Roller Rink have the
wisdom to understand that great
artists are not always successful
Long live The Hawk!
"Let the music keep
our spirits high J. B."
Blues — Jazz
Rock - Folk
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Page Friday. 6
Friday, October 22, 1976 >»iBkV*fe*
Gauguin destined to a hole
There is something sadly
ironical in that a play as pure and
fresh as Gauguin in Tahiti, which
promotes perhaps the freest way of
life ever known, should be so
callously destined to such a hole on
the earth as New York City. This
production, which is, among other
things, about the destruction of a
glorious culture, must open in New
York in November, and there
make money.
Gauguin in Tahiti
a musical drama by Jean Erdman
with Kevin O'Connor
Theatre of The Open  Eye, New
Passing through, the Theatre of
The Open Eye of New York, made
its North American debut last
week in Vancouver, with Jean
Erdman's Gauguin in Tahiti. A
company of nineteen actors and
musicians, many of whom were
Polynesian, brought to Vancouver
what it has rarely seen — an
ambitious production of total
theatre on its way to Broadway. It
was a significant event for our
isolated city, and one which may,
hopefully, stimulate local theatres,
and writers, to follow its suit.
What this company is, in fact, is
an association which explores the
mythologies of world cultures in "a
unique blend of music, dance,
dramatic action and song." No
doubt it is a valuable concept to
theatrically explore mythologies,
especially if the "unique blend" is
done delicately with.a restraint of
the over-melodramatic (which
myth re-enactments-are so prone
to) and utilization of as much
colour and vibrance which that
mythology radiates.
This "exploration" of Tahiti as
seen through the thirsty eyes of
painter Paul Gauguin succeeds
extremely well here, in spite of its
several technical problems.
The play, though a romantic,
touching tragedy, is lovingly
played by the company and is
rarely overacted. The production
is actually carried off with a
comforting degree of casualness.
There are no jittery nerves, no
stock characters and no scene
stealers. In fact the majority seem
to be living on stage for the
audience, with as little pressure as
could ever be felt in Old Polynesia.
Kevin O'Connor as Gauguin, who
finds his source of artistic inspiration in Tahiti, plays with
great dedication the role of the
passionate, virile Frenchman, but
with the control of a polished actor.
Without a doubt, the colour of
Tahiti, through dance and music, is
the most singularly striking aspect
of the play. There is the traditional
Tahitian dance interspersed with
contemporary ballet that knits
reality and dream in Gauguin's
eyes, and does wonders for
enriching the play theatrically.
It is a timely piece in its
relevance to today. The Tahitian
culture, being suffocated by the
bureaucracy of colonizing France,
is a story similar to that of our
West Coast Indians, and natives all
over the world tread on by
Also amongst the riches is the
tale of Gauguin and his art. Unfortunately many of his works
were projected onto a skrim far
upstage and did not reproduce
well, so something was lost there.
But the story of Gauguin, who, at
thirty-five gave up a successful life
as a businessman to pursue his
painting, and his travels are
He left his wife and five children
to find peace in Tahiti, fell in love
with the Tahitians (who wouldn't?)
and was there inspired to paint the
bulk of his greatest work. He left
Tahiti after nine years (and
meeting a talentless lunatic named
Vincent Van Gogh) and returned to
However, he still could not sell
his paintings and his wife didn't
love him any more, so, thoroughly
disgusted, he fled back to Tahiti.
The final act shows Gauguin dying
of syphilis, but as lively as ever,
fighting for Tahitian freedom from
the bullying French.
It is a tremendous story loaded
with the passions of an artist
oceans away from the home which
pathetically recognizes his genius
"amongst the honoured dead"
while he still lives in Tahiti. It has
the qualities of a great drama on
its own without the rest. The
dreamworld of the unspoilt,
rejuvenating Tahiti contrasted to
the harsh reality of whorish Paris,
and Gauguin stuck in between,
provides a great dramatic backdrop.
At his death, Gauguin comes to
an understanding that the fame he
wanted so badly in France means
nothing when he is in Tahiti. "I am
a savage. That's what makes my
paintings great . . . But I have put
something in motion. I dared . . .1
may be forgotten. That's alright.
But I think my work will survive.
Maybe not, but that's alright too.
Because then there is silence, the
silence ..."
It is impossible to fully describe
such a rich piece of theatre. It is
brilliantly presented with Tahitian
music that moves with the
changing moods and sends the
production on its smooth flow. It
was a vefy decent, important
project, and Vancouver could not
have appreciated its value enough.
Gauguin in Tahiti, if nothing
else, satisfied me in showing a
truly beautiful race of people. The
cast of Tahitian men and women,
CONNOR . . . Gauguin in search of
with their clean brown skin, their
languorous dark hair were, to say
the least, enchanting. They seemed
so unspoilt, so pure of white man's
greed, industry and lust, that one
felt quite removed in time. I have
never been to Tahiti, but if it has
remained a tenth the same as it is
here depicted in Gauguin's life, it
must truly be one of the last
paradises on earth.
Perhaps I am mistaken in saying
it is sad that these beautiful people
should go to nasty New York and
get dirt under their fingernails and
Uncle Sam's dollars in their
breechcloths, instead of keeping
with their own special Nature.
Perhaps I am wrong in thinking the
Theatre of The Open Eye will increase the ruination of Tahiti with
this "publicity".
come celebrate our
Friday, October 29th
7:00 p.m. - 12:30 a.m.
Tickets — $3.00 per person or $5.00 per couple
Tickets are available at the Snack-Bar and Cafeteria Cashiers
• A meal of Knockwurst and Brouchen with hot or plain mustard with Goulash Soup
• Dance to the Edelweiss Echos
• Schutzenfest Alpine Hats will be given out at the door
Aquatic Pool Lottery
Early Bird Draw
has donated $200.00
towards the pool lottery
Friday, October 22, 1976
Page Friday. 7 :'-'---.'-M il^$g£M
The current liquor embargo
brings along with it the opportunity
to explore nearby urban hinterlands. You might want to take a
kite and a friend out flying. Vancouver winds are notorious for
being shifty and sporadic but that
is what life is all about. If you like
window shopping then you may
find a long walk down West 4th
rewarding. And while you are in
in the area why not explore the
construction sites and the boardwalk in the False Creek area?
Perhaps you have Black Jack
Schelac tendencies in which case
you'd want to cut through the
underbrush of Cypress Bowl and
Hollyburn Mt. on the North Shore.
It is a well known fact that sexual
desire increases with' fear, so rush
over to the Lynn Canyon suspension bridge with the friend that you
took kite flying and  verify the
results of countless years of hard
scientific research.
You could always watch the fish
climbing ladders near the Capilano
suspension bridge. If the thought of
fish spawning turns you off but you
still like fish then there are plenty
to be found at the foot of Campbell
St. It's a place rife with the sights,
sounds and smells of every
fisherman's dreams — cheap fish
too if you're not into the sensual
side of the visit.
If you want to get to some of
these spots but don't want to
support an oil company then you
might want to consider pulling the
whole thing off on Sunday. Hydro
offers a 50 cent bus pass on the
sabbath for daytrippers.
The Burnaby Art Gallery has a
Sunday afternoon music series at
2:30. This week Randy Rain plays
folk, jazz and classical dulcimer.
It's free and should be a unique
experience. While you're there you
can  peruse   wood   sculpture  by
Peter Ochs and paintings and
drawings by Don Portelance. The
BAG is at 6344 Gilpin.
The Women's Interart Co-op
multimedia presentation of music,
ceramics, photographs, puppets,
film, fibre . . . is at the Helen Pitt
Gallery 163 W. Pender until Oct. 30,
11:00-5:00 Tue.-Sat. Evenings of
poetry, film, and music are Fri.
and Sat.
At the Western Front, 303 E. 8th,
is Infinity Retrospective 71-76.
Baron Infinity and his artistic
fiends expose five years of work at
Infinity Studio to the public. If you
like obscure and amusing art be
sure to catch this display.
The VAG continues its exhibits of
ceramics and papier mache by
Lynn Hughes, Ann Kipling's
drawings, holography, Explorations of nine contemporary
B.C. artists, not to mention an
hilarious tour de farce by David
Gilhooly entitled "My Beavers and
The Hot Jazz club sees the Lions
Gate jazz band on Friday, Dave
Roberts jazz band Saturday and
Apex on Thursday.
Lots going on at the Centennial
Museum complex.  Within  the
From PFS
claim that no reputable geneticist
will support.
PF: At the same time this idea of
an inherited nature in Man or
genetically acquired characteristics has been one of the
negative effects of popularizing
SUZUKI: The idea has been
promulgated for centuries. The
difference today is that there have
been reputable scientists
publishing ideas about man's
'innate nature' that have become
popular with large numbers of
people. Konrad Lorenz is one
scientist whose book just made the
best seller list.
PF: Yet this mininformation is
one aspect of popularizing science
that has had bad effects.
SUZUKI: That's a good point.
Scientists are often saying that the
public will misunderstand science.
I think that there are lots of ideas
that are truly repugnant to a large
portion of the population. Some of
the ideas brought by science are so
new and even repugnant, but that's
a reality we have to face.
PF: You seem to be making an
assumption that people are
essentially good or decent and will
make the right choices, but if this
is so why have the theories of
Lorenz, that Man is innately
aggressive and the studies of
Shockley and Jensen gajned so
much popularity?
SUZUKI: True, but I think that
only when large numbers of people
are discussing these issues openly
and honestly will we have a better
PF: But aren't you assuming
that the average man will make
the right choices?
SUZUKI: Yeah, but those are the
same assumptions made by the
government about the military and
They have a vested interest but
we assume that they have the best
interests of the general public. All
I'm saying is to broaden the base
out to people in different positions
and you'll come closer to decisions
that are best for the largest
number of people.
Theatre Restaurant
135 West 1st St., North Van.
Friday and Saturday
John Lee Hooker
Admission $3.50
OCT. 26-30
Brain Auger
The Oblivion Express
Admission $6.00
Dinner &
Local Entertainment
32II W. Broadway
7 p.m. — 2 a.n
3357 West Broadway
Telephone 732-6113
Radio /haek
2 for 45"
Reg. 45.95 each
Portable Recorder
reg. 39.95
2865 W. Broadway 731-8322
Potter's House continues along
with a new display Milltown. The
traditional Hallowe'en Symphony
is on several times, 26-28, 7:30, 29-
31, 7:30 and 9:00. All seats are in
the Planetarium theatre and are
$1.50. The Beatles' Yellow Submarine is in the auditorium 22-24 at
8:00 p.m. admission 50 cents.
Sunday nights at the Old Roller
Rink are devoted to local talent
and the rare phrase "no cover
charge". John Lee Hooker and
Ellen McEllwaine are there from
19-23 f rollowed by Brian Auger and
Oblivion Express from 26-30.
Attention All Students
Do you have Study Problems???
Trouble Concentrating???
Exam Tensions???
We are looking for volunteers who have difficulty concentrating,
and who find studying a problem. If you feel you could use some
assistance in learning to cope with the tensions created by
studying and by exams, please contact us. We are investigating the
benefits of meditation/yoga for students with these types of
problems. Our work is supported by the Canada Council and
participants pay no fees whatsoever.
Ph. 228-3128
or sign up at Henry Angus, Rm. 254
Last Shot
When you're drinking
tequila, Sauza's the
shot that counts.
That's why more and
more people are
asking for it by
Number one in Mexico.
Number one in Canada.
"* Cm>w* *&*ta«»
----- ™SIii»
.   r_-=r.
Page Friday. 8
Friday, October 22, 1976 Friday, October 22, 1976
Page 15
For new UBC hospital
New financing formula
From page 1
its funds from other government
sources, through the department of
The new facilities will be
managed by the UBC health
sciences centre, which operates
the UBC psychiatric hospital. The
centre will become a designated
institution under provisions of the
B.C. Educational Institutions
Capital Financing Authority Act.
Capital costs for the hospital and
for expansion of downtown
teaching facilities will be borne by
the provincial departments of
education and health, the Greater
Vancouver Regional Hospital
District and the federal government.
McClelland described the
financing formula as "a completely new development in public
financing in Canada."
Allan Kelly has been appointed
chairman of the project's coordinating committee, which will
Disagreement and disorganization
continue at the University of
Waterloo where the student
newspaper was suspended by the
student federation.
At a meeting Monday called by
staff members of The Chevron and
attended by about 75 students, it
was decided that reinstatement of
the Chevron and an investigation of
the actions which forced its
suspension Sept. 30 are the only
solutions to the conflict.
But a student council task force
struck ta propose changes in The
Chevron operation had decided
Saturday it would investigate the
council action to close the paper
Chevron staffers had occupied
their offices since the federation
voted Sept. 30 to suspend
publication for four weeks after
charges that a campus group was
taking over the paper.
The Monday meeting called by
Chevron staffers was designed to
challenge the federation to present
"hard evidence instead of rumor"
to justify its action in shutting
down the paper.
Some staffers said only 75
students attended the meeting
because posters advertising it
were torn down almost immediately after they were posted.
Qttco-Roman Cuisine
Whole Wheat Pizzas
Whole Wheat
Game Hens
11:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.
5:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m.
closed Mondays
2222 W. 4th Van. B.C.
include representatives from UBC,
the GVRHD and the education and
health departments.
A sub-committee to "assess
material and make recommendation to the project coordinating committee on all facets
of medical teaching in the
province" will include representatives from the same groups and
representatives from the downtown hospitals and the BCMA.
1110 Seymour St.
Near Robson
Independent Opt
Come in and experience good old-fashioned Service!!
U.F.O. SPECIAL       $24.95
Till Oct. 31/76
Plus Lenses
Christian Dior - Silhouette, & others 25% Off
Open 12 -5 p.m. Sundays
44 Water St., Gastown    681-6626
at Yueh Yang Palace U.B.C. Village
Lunch-   $2.95     11:30 a.m.-2:00 p.m.
Dinner-  $3.50      4:30 p.m. - 9:00 p.m.
Monday Oct. 25th— Friday Oct. 29th
Now... more than ever
the RCMP offers
a rewarding career
If you've ever considered a career in law
enforcement, now's the time to talk to the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police. The
opportunities have never been
For instance, the RCMP is
accepting applications from both
men and women, married and single.
And the salary scale has increased
considerably. It starts at $12,000. per
year ($230. weekly) with regular
increases to $16,100. ($309. weekly)
in the first four years.
If accepted as a member of the
Force, you'll receive intensive
training in all aspects of police
work such as law, investigation,
first aid and community relations.
Then you'll be posted to a
detachment where there's every
chance to put your knowledge
and talents to work; to earn
promotion and, equally
important, be proud of what
you're doing for yourself and for
Canada as a member of one of
the finest police forces in the
So if you're a Canadian
citizen 18 or over; in
good physical
condition and have
Grade 11 or
equivalent, think
about a career
with the RCMP.
Call or write
your nearest
office or use the
coupon. We'd
like to tell you
It could be for you
CITY •.	
E-1C-R Page 16
Friday, October 22, 1976
b*-Stevie Wonder        "*—~J
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Steve Miller Band
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Super sophisticated
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Blank cassette case lot sale
LN C60
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The newest
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Here's a great sounding package system. The YAMAHA CR-450
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total distortion. Full features too. The B.I.C. turntable is the best
seller in North America. Belt Drive, Fully Automatic and we toss
in a SHURE M91ED magnetic cartridge. Base and Cover too! BIC
VENTURI FORMULA 2 speakers complement this system
perfectly. Deep bass and articulated midrange and highs. Turn it
up and be impressed.


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