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The Ubyssey Sep 3, 1991

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Array theUbyssey
INSIDE
EDUCATION
SUPPLEMENT
- Founded in 1918
Vancouver, B.C., Tuesday, September , 1991
Vol 74, No 1 Classifieds 822-3977
RATES: AMS Card Holders - 3 lines, $3.00, additional lines, 60 cents, commercial - 3 lines, $5.00, additional lines
75 cents. (10% discount on 25issues ormore) Classified ads payable in advance. Deadline 4.-00 p.m., two days before
publication. Room 266, SUB, UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A7,228-3977.
10-FOR SALE-
COMMERCIAL
IBM Compatible computers & peripherals
sale price for students w/AMS card. Call
Reid « 322-6810.
11 - FOR SALE - PRIVATE
IBMXTcomputerforoale. Dual Drive640K
memory. Large monitor w/mouse & lots of
business and graphics software $900. Call
James 738-5723 (O.B.O).
1982 TOYOTA COROLLA 2 Dr. 5 sp. AM/
FM cassette. Good condition. Low mileage.
$2800 OBO. 737-7767 OR 681-4516.
Sharp 64K LQ. 7200 Pocket Computer +
64K programmablefetats card. 128K for
$250.00 OBO. 255-9541.
XT Computer Roland Dot Matrix printer.
Good Condition $750.00. Phone 736-8540.
Leave message.
84 MUSTANG • Auto, doth int 71,000 km,
P/S, P/B, anVfm caaa, sunroof, one owner
excellent cond. Asking $4500.421-6135.
20-HOUSING
Boom & Board - 3 Bedrooms avail, n/s in
Richmond. $500/Ma Must like pets. Lana
244-9477 or wk. 264-2091.
Beautifully furnished, large 1 bdr character suite to sublet Oct 1. Quiet South
Granville location, lots of light 10 mins
from UBC. Non smoking faculty member
preferred. References required $950.00/mo.
738-5723.	
Furnished rooms available as of September 1st. $410/Month includes meals, utilities and rent Far more info, Call Jeffat 690-
1040 ASAP.
25 - INSTRUCTION
Piano Lessons, UBC Village Area A.R.C.T.
B.Mus. 984-7340OR224-7150. Alii
English/French as a second language. E
lessons. Qualified teachernear UBC. Please
can Annabel at 228-8357.
30 -JOB
Between
Deadline for submiaiom: for
Tuetday't paper it Friday al
340pm, for Friday'* paper,
Wednesday at 330pm.
NO LATE SUBMISSIONS
WltX, BB ACCEPTED.
Note: 'Noon'* 12:30pm.
Wednesday, Sept. 4
Open Auditions for the UBC Opera
Workshop (1991-92 Session)
7:00pm. Music Biding, 338. For
information: Call 822-3113 or 822-
6434.
International House is offeringfree
E.S.L. tutoring to international
students or any student who needs
help. Pis contact THAO at I.H. or
call 822-5021.
Mom needs after school care 3 to 6PM.
Men, Tue, Thur, Fri. Wed 1:45 to 5.45. Pis
call 224-6533 leave message.
Sportswear A Imprint Co. Seeks Stdnt
to promote their goods & services. Ideal
for stdnt living in residence: full support
included. Catalogues, samples provided
commission paid immediately.
Call Ken 270-6348.
Staff meeting at The Ubyssey.
Bring; your bag lunch, come by if
you are interested in joining or if
you are an old staffer (read: get
your ass back in here!). Newspaper policy is decided at staff
meetings, every Wednesday. SUB
241k. Noon.
Thursday, Sept. 5	
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship. First meeting "The IVCF
Challenge" Noon, Woodward 4.
Sunday, Sept. 8
Agakhan Foundation. A9 km walk
to raise funds for Third World De-
velopment. Walk begins at
Lumberman's Arch - Stanley Park.
11:00. Info: Zahra 432-6709.
JOBS
in Environmental Education
The Association for the Promotion and Advancement of Science Education provides an environmental education program to elementary schools
across the province, and trains young people to
present the program to children.
We need to hire five "Environmental Youth Corps'
staff who will be trained to deliver educational programs in elementary schools and to the general
public. Applicants should be 24 years old or younger
and have a background or interest in environmental
science or education. Experience teaching either
adults or children, or experience working with chilr
dren would be an asset. The job begins on October
1 and will last until March 31,1992.
Please send a resume, the names and phone numbers of three refers ncesandaphotocopyofarecent
transcript to the address be low. There is no smoking
in APASE offices.
APASE
3466 West Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
V6R2B3
HLSHJ4NS
Do you play an orchestra or
band instrument?
Yes you can perform with the
UBC Symphony Orchestra
or
UBC Wind Ensemble
No, you do not have to be a
music major!
No, you do not have to enroll
for credit!
Yes, you can enroll for credit!
228-3113
224-8246
J
70 - SERVICES
Singles Connection - An Intro Service for
Singles. Call 737-8980. 1401 West Broadway. Vancouver (at Hemlock)
HALF PRICE BEER
No kits, no clean-up, no sediment in bottle.
Use our professional equipmenttobrew your
own beer on our premises. Richmond Beer
Works. 244-8103.
80 - TUTORING
Exp. Math Tutor needed approx. 3 times/
week for Math 130 & Stats. 733-6840.
85-TYPING
AMS WORD PROCESSING
Professional service for resumes, letters,
essays, theses and much morel Check
out our competitive rates, fancy type
styles and snappy paper that has
envelopes to match. Come in and visit
room 60, Student Union Building
or phone: 822-6640
Word processing It proofreading - essays,
resumes. $2.00/page. Elaine 264-9504.
Monday, Sept. 9
Production night at The Ubyssey
office. Come learn to typeset, design a page, or just hang out.
Tuesday, Sept. 10
Lunch-hour seminar: "Hong Kong:
Lame Duck or Golden Goose?" by
Dr. Lee Ngok, Univ. of Hong Kong.
Noon, Asian Centre, Seminar
Room 604.
Tuesday, Sept. 24	
A Brown Bag seminar on "Indonesian Development in Agriculture"
by Dr. H. Didung, Director General of Food Crops in the Dept. of
Agriculture, Indonesian Government, Noon, Asian Centre Seminar
Room 604.
DISCOVER THE
COMPETITION
• low low prices
' free services
■ laser printing
UNIVERSITY VILLAGE
2"° FLOOR
2174 WESTERN PARKWAY
VANCOUVER, B.C.
224-6225
FAX 224-4492
OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK
M-TH 8-9 FRI 8-6
SAT-SUN 11-6
The Alma Mater Society
Ombudsoffice is
currently seeking
Caseworkers for the Winter Session
The function ofthe Ombudsoffice is to represent the student complaints
within the U.B.C, and the AMS administration.
The Ombudsoffice Caseworker is required to establish regular office
hours to investigate and resolve student complaints.
If you are an enthusiastic individual who is seeking to broaden your
experience, and, as well, are interested in helping your fellow students,
then the Ombudsoffice needs your assistance.
For an application form, or further information, contact the A.M.S.
Ombudsoffice at the Student Union Building 100A - 822-4846, or write
to P.O. Box 60, c/o A.M.S. Business Office, S.U.B. Room 266,
6138 S.U.B. Blvd. Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z1
WORK STUDY POSITION
Work study position available as an assistant with the UBC
Speakers Bureau, filling requests from community groups for
faculty/staff speakers, late Sept. to March 31,1992. Pleasant,
helpful phone manner an asset. Candidates must be eligible
for the work study program.
WAGES: $10.25 to $11.25 per hour, approx. 7 hours per week.
UBC encourages qualified women and minority applicants.
Interested candidates should submit resumes by Thursday,
Sept. 12 to the UBC Speakers Bureau, Community Relations
Office, Room 207 of the Old Administration Bldg.
UBC SPEAKERS
BUREAU
STUDENTS
WANTED!
SubWay Cafeteria is looking for cheerful,
friendly and energetic students who want to
work 2-hour shifts between classes. You
choose the day and the meal you wish to work
(breakfast, lunch or dinner). We pay you $7.00
per hour PLUS you get the 3 course meal of
your choice. What a deal! Pick up an application form at the SubWay Supervisor's office.
Join   The  Ubyssey  and  rise   above  the
mainstream media.        SUB  241k
NOTICE TO ALL UBC WINTER
SESSION 1991-92 STUDENTS
The first instalment of tuition fees are due Wednesday, September 4,1991 by 4:00 p.m.
To find out your fee assessment and amount due:
1. Call TELEREG at 222-3444 and use the M# command.
TELEREG is open from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. weekdays
and 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on weekends.
2. Call the Hotline at 822-6866
3. Calculate your fees by referring to pages 30 - 33 in the
Calendar
Payment can be made on or before the due date at any branch
of the Bank of Montreal (payment form required) OR at UBC's
Department of Financial Services.
Note: Library cards will be available without registration
status letters.
4
2/THE UBYSSEY
September 3,1991 >SZ.TFAi.;..o?..A.,. .'..?. .'.....
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Changes in WSO trigger criticisms
Director shifts focus away from counselling to advocacy in restructuring of office
V
by Franka Cordua-von Specht
SINGLE mother Margaret Rasheed was on the verge of
abandoning her degree programme when she went to see a
counsellor in UBC's Women Students' Office in April 1990.
Eight months earlier Rasheed, 31, left a Montreal shelter for
battered women to return to UBC, with two-year-old daughter
Sarah, to continue undergraduate studies in International
Relations. She was met, however, by another series of challenges.
A Chinese family of four had been
living in her two-bedroom townhouse at
Acadia Park. When they were unable to
return to China because ofthe Tiananmen
Square massacre, they remained with
Rasheed.
"Both of our families had limited
resources and no alternative accommodations so we decided to stay together to
-reduce both of our living expenses,"
Rasheed says.
The family's contribution to
Rasheed's monthly daycare cost of $575
and rent and utilities of $700 was critical
because Rasheed's student loan was
caught up in a bureaucratic nightmare
involving the BC and Quebec governments.
Without funds that fall and winter,
Rasheed exhausted herself caring for her
child, trying to keep up with a full course
load, substituting at the daycare part-
time, and working as a janitor for three
hours five nights a week.
"It was really frightening with a baby
at night in that part of campus alone in
ten empty daycares,'' she says. "Sarah
would be asleep in the stroller in the next
room while I'd be vacuuming."
At about 10:30 at night she would
wheel the sleeping child through a wooded
area before arriving in her cramped living
space. After a nap she would turn her
attention on her studies—if her daughter
did not wake up sick—in the early
morning hours.
She might have applied for welfare
but was stopped by the fear of being
labelled "just another single mother
looking for a handout" and by the belief
her Prairie family had bred within her
that "you can never expect anything for
free."
In April when her finances were
desperate and her grades had slipped she
went to see counsellor Nancy Horsman at
the WSO. "She is a mature women who
has been at the university for a number of
years, has raised five children, and I knew
she would understand my circumstances,"
Rasheed says.
"She empowered me by giving me the
tools to turn around the problems existing
in my life," she says. "It's thanks to the
counselling from Nancy Horsman that I
came back this year to complete my
degree. Her counselling was very timely,
very helpful and very compassionate."
Rasheed does not believe her story is
unusual and says she knows other young
mothers at UBC facing similar pressures.
She fears they will not be able to turn for
support to the WSO like she did.
IT has been a turbulent year-of-
change in the Women Students'
Office. The new director is restructuring
the office without the support ofthe
professional counselling staff and without
extra funds from the administration.
This past spring director Marsha
Trew trimmed one-to-one counselling to
free up more staff time for support groups,
educative and advocacy work. This does
not mean staff has been reduced but that
their job descriptions have changed.
This past year four women devoted
most of their time to one-to-one crisis,
drop-in and ongoing counselling on such
issues as sexual abuse, marital problems,
custody battles and poor working conditions in the classroom. This September,
according to the counsellors, two of them
will spend less than half their time
counselling. That's nearly an 80 per cent
reduction.
Trew says these calculations are
inaccurate but did not say how much time
would be set aside for counselling. "It
depends on the demand," she says.
"Everybody will be doing counselling.
Crisis management and drop-in counselling will be available every day."
This means that women needing
immediate help will be helped, she says,
but the majority ofthe women needing
ongoing counselling will be referred
elsewhere.
Horsman, however, believes that all
counselling—not just ongoing—is at
stake. She points to the July leaflet
detailing the WSO's services which fails
to mention the office does any counselling
at all.
"My concern is that they're taking
something away that is a qualitatively
good service for women students and
acting as if it's alright to do this," says
Horsman, who has worked at the office for
the past 18 years.
Ellen Pond, a spokesperson for the
student-run Women's Centre, says the
service is essential: "A lot of women need
WSO should be in line with other
women's centres across North America
which focus predominantly on support
groups, education programmes and
advocacy work.
Counsellors agree more such work is
needed on campus, but not at the expense
ofthe morsel of counselling that exists for
the 14,400 women on campus.
(According to Trew, approximately
500 women used the one-to-one counselling services during the last winter
session. Horsman says she alone saw
more women than that, not including the
number of women-she came in contact
with at her workshops.)
"As long as Fm in this office the main
focus will be safety of women on campus
and that means rape prevention and
education programs," Trew says. "We're
looking to reduce the number of women
who use counselling by doing prevention
work."
Horsman agrees with prevention.
"But we're dealing with a population that
has already been abused and continues to
be abused. We have to address the
damage already done. We can't just stop
counselling and say Well, we've enough of
that.'
"If you raise consciousness more
women will become aware inequities and
more will need counselling support. It is
unethical to do advocacy work while
cutting back counselling," she says.
But Trew says it's not a question of
ethics but of organizational reality and
argues the WSO should be reaching a
greater number of campus women.
"As soon as you say this office needs
to focus most of its resources on one or
two hundred women (in ongoing counselling), then Fll have someone coming to me
that counselling. We are talking about
women's survival. We're talking about
fewer suicides, fewer breakdowns and
fewer women dropping out of school."
Meanwhile, K.D. Srivastava, vice-
president of academic and student
services, says he won't get involved. "If s
really the decision ofthe director to decide
how to best allocate the funds within
budgetary constraints."
The programmes Trew is initiating
for the fall include one on rape prevention, one for mature women students, one
on women's health issues like eating
disorders and another encouraging
women to enter engineering.
A difference of opinion
"The cutbacks show a lack of understanding ofthe rights and needs of women
students," says WSO counsellor Caren
Durante, who has taken a leave-of-
absence for a year.
WSO counsellors believe the office
should remain strongly rooted in counselling (crisis, drop-in and ongoing) like it
has for the past decade. Trew believes the
and say 'Alright what are you doing for
women's safety on campus? There are
hundreds if not thousands of women at
risk. What are you doing for them?"
But Horsman says: "How can numbers be counted when you save one
woman from a breakdown, or from taking
her life?"
Communiciation breakdown
The difference in opinion between
director and staff is further aggravated by
a lack of communication. Counsellors,
who have had more autonomy in past
years, say Trew does not consult or work
with them.
"She makes appointments and puts
programmes in place and then comes back
and tells us what's been done. We have no
input," Horsman says. "I've been made to
feel invisible."
Trew directed the Women's Centre at
Capilano College from the late 70s until
the spring of 1988. Sandra Moe has been
an instructor of psychology and women
studies at has college for the past 16
years. "It is my view that she lost touch
with her constituency on campus," she
says.
"As a feminist you are working with
women not just for women, and if you go
making changes, you need group discussions, you need dialogue.
"Even if there is no agreement, if s
important that everyone feels they've had
a fair hearing, that they've been heard,"
Moe says. "Once two sides are firmly
entrenched and alienated it's difficult for
them to get them working together."
Valerie Raoul, acting head ofthe
French department, is disturbed by the
divisions in the WSO. "No radical change
will happen without the support ofthe
people implementing the changes," she
says.
Trew says, "Change is very difficult,
sometimes very painful because there
isn't a right or wrong way of doing
things."
Shortage of funds
A1989 Review Committee report
affirmed the counselling and advocacy
function ofthe WSO but noted the \b.c\l of
advocacy done in "highly visible ways" on
campus.
Trew says it is impossible to secure
extra funds in this time of fiscal restraint
and that UBC is lucky to have a university-funded women's office at all. She says
she had no choice but to cut counselling to
accommodate education-advocacy work.
"Trew has a point in wanting to reach
more students," says Raoul. "But why
does this have to be an 'either•or' situation. If the report said the advocacy role
should be expanded then at some point
there has to be recognition that it requires the funds to fulfill that."
She says it is ironic that the administration bills itself as supportive of women
but will not provide the extra funding for
the office to fulfill the broader mandate.
"I think there needs to be a forum on
what the office should be doing, a re-
evaluation ofthe objectives ofthe
committee's report in light ofthe current
atmosphere and funding," Raoul says.
But Srivastava says no more money
is forthcoming because the mandate has
not been expanded but neglected.
"Advocacy has been done in the past and
has gone down in terms of function." The
present budget is $283,000.
One member ofthe Review Committee, Mary McBuraie, says the committee's
report is being misinterpreted. "Every
single person on that committee decided
100 per cent in favour of counselling in
the WSO. We felt the office should do
more advocacy but not at the expense of
counselling.
"It angers me that Marsha comes up
here and does not pay attention to the
committee's report and to the staff that
has run this office all these years. If s a
real blow to the staff and the people using
the office," she says.
Need for feminist counselling
Tanis Williams, associate professor of
psychology at UBC has been referring
students to the WSO for many years and
says the first-rate counselling they have
received has helped them continue their
studies.
"Typically it will be during the years
as graduate and undergraduate that
they'll have to come to terms with these
experiences (past and present abuse) and
you can't do that in group therapy and
short-term therapy is not enough time."
The WSO is the only place on campus
that women know they can get feminist
counselling, according to WSO counsellor
Ray Edney.
"Feminist counselling takes into
account there are societal pressures on
women that make it difficult for them to
function and achieve to the best of their
ability," Edney says. "So when we work
with women, we work to empower them."
Srivastava says ongoing counselling
should be picked up by the Student
continued on next page
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY/3 BC   TRANSIT   FALL   SCHEDULE
Take transit to UBC
and be a Roads Scholar.
Smart students take
transit to campus for
some very intelligent
reasons.
Speed, affordability
and convenience are built
right into BC Transit's
integrated bus, SkyTrain
and SeaBus network.
And many campus-bound
routes are wheelchair
accessible.
Better still, transit
is green, so
you can help
reduce auto
emissions on
the road to
higher education.
A Quick Course
In Economics.
BC Transit's flexible fare
system lets you pay as you go,
or pay in advance with either
FareSaver tickets or a monthly
FareCard.
FareSavers are available for
One, Two or Three Zone travel,
in money-saving booklets. But
if you take more than 20 rush-
hour trips per month, then
FareCards are for you.
FareCards eliminate the
need for change, and may be
used by others. And best of
all, when you Fast Trax your
FareCard, it becomes even
more economical.
>(trf
GoTransit or Carpool.
Old FareSaver tickets may be used
with a cash upgrade at time of travel
until September 30. Unused tickets
may be returned to BC Transit for
a refund after October 1.
Cash Cash
Upgrade Upgrade
One Zone     IOC     Three Zone     25C
Two Zone    25C     Concession       5C
Fast Trax To
Higher Education.
Fast Trax is a transit strip
that you affix to your student
I.D. It upgrades a One-Zone
FareCard to allow you to travel
One, Two or Three Zones for
the One-Zone fare, anytime.
Unlike the FareCard itself,
your Fast Trax photo I.D. is
non-transferable. Participating
campuses may levy a nominal
service charge for distribution.
Fast Trax transit strips
are available at most student
union associations, where
you'll also find FareCards,
FareSaver tickets, system timetables and the new Tri-Guide —
a comprehensive, pocket-sized
manual for rookie and
seasoned transit
users alike.
Timetables
are also available
at public libraries,
community centres and all
other Transit Information
outlets. Passes and tickets are
also sold wherever you see the
FareDealer symbol.
Transit Information 261-5100.
What's To Catch.
Here's a complete list
of transit service to UBC
including routes that will
be extended or improved
on September 2.
From West Vancouver board
#258 bus for direct rush hour
service to UBC.
From North Vancouver
board #286 for direct rush
hour service to UBC. In addition
during the AM peak, the #85
route provides an express
connection from Waterfront
Station to UBC connecting with
the SeaBus.
From Downtown board #4
bus on Granville Mall or #10
bus on Hastings or Granville
Mall for frequent service to
UBC.
From SkyTrain board #9
or #31 express bus at Broadway
Station for service to UBC.
Within Vancouver board
#4,9,10, 25, 31,41,42, 49 or
85 routes for direct service to
UBC. Note #10, 31 and 85
operate express over certain
portions of route.
From Richmond board #480
bus for direct rush hour service
to UBC or any Vancouver bus
to 41st and Granville and
transfer to the #41 to UBC.
From Ladner and South
Delta board any Vancouver
bus to 41st and Granville and
transfer to the #41 to UBC.
From North Delta, Surrey,
White Rock, Langley, New
Westminster and South Burnaby
board any bus to SkyTrain and
connect at Broadway Station
with the #9 or #31 express
service to UBC.
From Coquitlam, Port
Coquitlam and Port Moody
board any Vancouver bus to
Kootenay Loop or Downtown
Vancouver and connect with
the #10 UBC service.
From North Burnaby board
any local bus to Kootenay
Loop and connect with the
#10 UBC service.
Changes To Watch
For September 2:
#4 powell/ubc
Some departure times
will be slightly adjusted
during the evenings.
#9 BOUNDARY/UBC
With the start of Fall classes,
daytime trips on the #9 will
be extended to UBC until
approximately 6 p.m. Monday
through Friday. Some departure times will be slightly
adjusted during mid-day.
#10 HASTINGS
EXPRESS/UBC   Some
departure times will be slightly
adjusted during mid-day.
#25 BRENTWOOD
MALL/UBC    With the start
of Fall classes, peak period
trips on the #25 will be
extended to UBC.
#31 BROADWAY
STATION/UBC   With the
start of Fall classes, peak period
service on the #31 will be
improved to UBC.
#49 METROTOWN
STATION/UBC   With the
start of Fall classes, peak period
trips on #49 will be extended
to UBC. Service during a.m.
peak period will be improved
from every 12 minutes to every
10 minutes.
#85 UBC ROUTE   With
the start of Fall classes, #85
route will be reinstated. In
addition the #85 will now
pick-up UBC passengers only,
between Waterfront Station
and the Burrard Bridge. Local
downtown travel can be
completed on #1 and #22 routes.
#480 STEVESTON/UBC
With the start of Fall classes,
peak period service to UBC
will be reinstated.
#258 WEST VANCOUVER/
UBC #286 NORTH VANCOU-
VER/UBC   With the start
of Fall classes, peak period
express service to UBC will
be reinstated.
A Dozen More SkyTrains.
We're adding 12 new vehicles
to SkyTrain, so capacity will be
substantially improved during
rush hours.
BCTransitjSS
Vancouver Regional
Uranait System
THE UBYSSEY
We are always looking for new staff interested in helping to produce the newspaper.
We need news writers, photographers, arts and sports writers, typesetters,
computer geniuses, cartoonists and profredars.
NEWS
WSO...
from page 3
Counselling and Resource
Centre. "Its mandate has been
changed to counsel all students
on all the issues," he says.
Trew agrees and also says
women can go to the psychiatric
services at Student Health. "The
WSO can't play Lone Ranger, we
have to work with other people."
Student Margaret Rasheed
wonders who decided to expand
the SCRC's mandate. "Have
counsellors suggested it? Have
students suggested it? No. It's
the administration who suggested it. They've not received
any requests."
She is angry that counselling
is being consolidated. "The
administration is treating
counselling services on campus
like a division of a large corporation—institutionalized and
depersonalized," she says.
"I know someone will be
there [at the WSO] and help me
cope with the stress at hand," she
says. Going to a woman counsellor in a centre that you know is
for you, for women, really raises
your self-esteem."
According to SCRC documents sent to The Ubyssey in
July, the centre has "embraced
the principles of feminist counselling." The SCRC, however, only
has one woman counsellor.
"Even if that one counsellor
were a feminist in her approach,
can one woman answer the needs
of women on campus? No way,"
Horsman says. She is skeptical of
the SCRC services for women. "I
personally have had women come
in here in tears from that office."
The director ofthe SCRC,
Ken Kush, did not return
repeated phone calls from The
Ubyssey.
The future ofthe WSO
Horsman fears the restructuring ofthe office will eventually lead to its demise. She
believes that once counselling is
cut there is no way the office will
get it back and that advocacy
programmes can easily be taken
over.
"Eventually faculties will put
in place their own programmes
with their own people directing
them and when that happens
this office will retreat," she says.
By cutting the grassroots
service of counselling, Horsman
says the WSO will no longer hear
what hurdles women face on
campus, and the WSO will not
know how best to advocate for
their needs.
Bob Bagshaw, a counsellor at
Capilano College for 15 years,
agrees. "If you're not acting
locally, you have nothing to say
globally."
It is this lobbying voice that
Horsman believes the administration wants to quell. "For
twenty years the administration
has been looking to take power
away from this office because one
thing they can't stand is any real
constituency office," she says.
This article is reprinted from
the July 25th edition of The
Ubyssey.
On July 15, more than 50
women and 15 men occupied the
WSO in protest ofthe cutbacks.
The occupation was organized by
the AMS Women's Centre .Women
from the Centre called for
counselling to be reinstated and
for a woman of colour to be hired
in the WSO. At the rally, protesters spontaneously wrote a letter to
the administration. To date, there
has been no response from the
administration or the WSO
director, and counselling hours
have not been restored
•0
>
4/THE UBYSSEY
September 3 1991 UBC trash is
born again
by Raul Peschiera
UBC is finally becoming serious about a student
recycling programme.
A five-compartment recycling bin was installed
Saturday near the south entrance ofthe SUB concourse.
A similar bin is to be placed next week on the north side.
Each bin will have compartments labelled for
newspaper, magazines, metal cans, clear glass and
green glass.
Niki Ferrel, AMS recycling coordinator, said, "Last
year, newspaper recycling bins were available but this
year we've moved on to a multi-material recycling
facility."
The single blue recycling bins which are inconspicuously scattered along the SUB concourse will be
moved and placed elsewhere on campus.
Ferrel hopes that the bins will be used correctly
and be more visible to the students than the single bins.
"In the past, students have used the old blue bins as
garbage cans instead of recycling containers."
Zimm's Trading, the company who installed the
new recycling bin, will be handling the maintenance of
the containers. Frequency of pick-upis based on demand.
"For a couple of months Til be watching how often
[the containers] need to be emptied. It could be once a
week, once every few weeks or once a month."
She said students should make sure that they put
their material in the right compartment.
If students want a refund for their aluminum cans,
they can now go to Blasters Arcade in the SUB where
they will be given five cents per can.
"The success ofthe recycling programme depends
on the students," added Ferrel.
||»««||
€#«S€tAS$
Dolt!
RAUL PESCHIERA PHOTO
Blue boxes move into Totem Park
by Raul Peschiera
This year, Totem Park residences
will be the site of an experimental
recycling programme sponsored by
AMS Food Services.
Every floor will have three blue
recycling boxes which will serve to collect clear glass, newspaper and mixed
paper wastes.
"This is the only spot on campus
that Food Services is participating in,"
said Niki Ferrel, AMS recycling coordinator.
Approximately 1,200 students will
be residing in Totem Park and Ferrel is
optimistic the recycling boxes will be a
successful model for future projects.
"I think Food Services is really doing a great job. There are 36 floors at
Totem and [placing] three blue boxes
on every floor is extensive.
"Refundable bottles and cans
have always been saved in the residences so a box for them is not needed."
She said that depending on the
student response, a system similar to
Totem's may be put into place in other
residences.
Summer news: In case you missed anything
compiled by Rick Hiebert
News at UBC does not stop happening when most students are
away for the summer. Here are
some ofthe more important items
from summer issues of The
Ubyssey.
Daycare taken
over at UBC
In July, UBC Housing took
over the administration of UBC's
daycare system in order to take
"a more paternal approach" over
the formerly parent run
daycares.
Parents were upset that the
university has chosen to take
financial control ofthe daycares,
despite administration claims
that the parents will have a significant role to play in planning
daycarebudgetsandhiring staff.
They are worried that the
university will also hire unionized labour to replace parental
cleaning crews, which would result in higher daycare rates. Already, UBC students pay $460
per month in daycare fees, as
compared to a city of Vancouver
average of $419.	
New Minister appointed
Central Fraser Valley Socred
MLA Peter Dueck was appointed
minister of advanced education in
late May.
After being cleared by the
RCMP of allegations that he took
travel expenses from hospital
suppliers when he was minister of
health, Dueck returned to the provincial cabinet as David
Strangway's new boss May 29.
Dueck's appointment impressed neither NDP opposition
advanced education critic Barry
Jones nor Canadian Federation of
Students-BC chair Brad La vine.
Theythoughtthe appointment was
part of the preparation for the
announcement of a new university
in the Fraser Valley.
BC budget bad news
The provincial budget brought
bad news for students on May 21.
Funding for post-secondary education only rose by 4.5 per cent
while science and technology
funding was cut for the next fiscal
year. Student assistance funding
was also frozen.
Augh! Administration!
Supreme court protects rapists
by Cheryl Niamath
Picture this: you park your
car in B-lot but you forget to roll
up the window and somebody
steals your stereo. The thief gets
caught and charged but the entire trial centers around why
you didn't lock your car properly.
Or how about this: you're
walking alone through a rough
part ofthe city and someone
beats you up and takes your
wallet. In court, the defense
attorney focuses on the fact
that you have been in fights before and you knew you were in a
dangerous area, so how do you
know for sure if you were beaten
up?
But, you might say, the legal system doesn't work like that.
A crime is a crime, and criminals get punished, right?
Unless you happen to get
raped.
It used to be that a rape
victim's sexual history could not
be introduced as evidence in a
sexual assault trial. Last month,
the Supreme Court of Canada
rMSSTYUE
•*.', i >
overthrew the Rape Shield law.
Now it will be perfectly acceptable (under some circumstances, which will be decided upon
by the judge) for the courts to delve
in to the past sexual experiences of
a victim of rape.
This takes us back decades.
Putting the victim on trial went
out of style ages ago, didn't it?
It wouldn't be quite so bad if
it was common practice to grill
the victims of other crimes about
how many times they went out
without locking their front doors,
or how many times they left their
knapsacks unattended while
they went to buy a cup of coffee.
It wouldn't be so bad if an
alleged rapisf s past convictions for sexual assault could
be admitted as evidence in a
trial.
The Rape Shield law helped
to encourage victims of sexual assault to press charges and go to
trial to convict their attackers.
The Rape Shield law protected victims of rape. By striking
down the law, the Supreme Court
is protecting rapists.
DON MAH PHOTO
New Deans for
law and commerce
The faculties of law and commerce appointed new deans in
late spring.
Feminist legal scholar Lynn
Smith was promoted from professor to dean ofthe law faculty while
Michal A. Goldberg comes to UBC
to be a professor of urban land
planning and dean of commerce.
Engineers change
with the times
In late July, UBC administration banned the Lady Godiva
Ride and stopped racist, sexist
and homophobic activities by engineering students. The dean of
applied science will be screening
editorial candidates for any EUS
publications.
If the EUS violates any of
these provisos, their fees will be
confiscated and the offenders will
go before a independent committee.
According to EUS president
Adam La Rusic, the engineers
think thatit was presented to them
as a fait accompli without enough
consultation with the students.
In relatednews, the EUS may
still have to pay the $15,000 fine
assessed by Student Court after
the printing of a sexist and racist
EUS publication in the spring of
1990. The EUS is petitioning AMS
Student Court, arguing the fine
should be waived.
UBC to hire
women's advisor
In September, a woman will
be hired to advise UBC President
David Strangway on "women and
gender."
The part time advisor will
counsel Strangway on issues regarding the status of women at
UBC and other gender related issues.
Fraser Valley University
in the works
Peter Dueck, MLA from the
Fraser Valley and advanced education minister, announced that
the Socreds have appointed a
committee to plan for BCs sixth
university.
The university has no definite opening date, but Dueck has
already assured community lobby
groups that they will soon begin to
work on plans for the university.
Andrews and Somerset
mourned
Two prominent members of
the UBC community were
mourned this summer.
Kenneth Andrews, 69, died
July 20. He was the retired head of
a major campus union, CUPE116.
Dorothy Somerset, the prominent
arts figure and former head ofthe
UBC theatre department died on
August 11.
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY/5 A backstage look at Marissa Cheng, a dancer with the Chinese Youth Goodwill
Mission from Taipei, Republic of China. The Theatre troupe performed at the UBC Old
Auditorium Saturday night.
CHERYL NIAMATH PHOTO
Opening dance at the annual llluminaries Festival at Trout Lake. don mah photo
Blues legend Buddy Guy plays the PNE.
Summer Ot>f\
Wednesday night at the PNE.
6/THE UBYSSEY
September 3,1991 theUbyssey
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2/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
s
ECT's vapid style faces last year at UBC
by Raul Peschiera
By the end of this academic
year, the English Composition
Test as students have known it
will no longer exist.
The excessive administrative
load for the English department
is the primary cause for the restructuring ofthe ECT.
The required exam was designed to run adjacent to English
100, but was not at all connected
with the course. For the last ten
years, it was organized and coordinated by the English department and a senate committee.
Many English professors have
complaints about the process.
Professor Anthony Dawson
said, "I don't think [the ECT] does
the job if s supposed to do. It tends
to produce a kind of teaching to
the test in English 100. It tends to
reward a vapid style."
Jane Flick, head of the
university's ECT committee, said,
"The English department won't
be administering the exam any
longer. The university faculties
are now discussing an exam system to replace the current ECT."
Susanna Egan, assistant
professor said, "It's just an enormous task—3,500 students come
to UBC every year, and counting
the people who fail the exam, it's
an enormous exam to process.
"It's an enormous burden on
the English department, which
has been gallantly handled."
Many English professors
agree with Egan and other complaints about the ECT have arisen.
Joel Kaplan, associate professor, said, "In the past there has
been a strange correlation between some of my better English
100 students who having failed
[the ECT] and some of my weaker,
sometimes failing, students having passed. It has created some
discrepancies in that way."
Dawson, citing professor John
Foster's report on the ECT, said
the test was "ethnocentric and
[tended] to disqualify non-native
English speakers."
"Wereally dont needthe ECT;
it's really quite superfluous. It
would be much better to screen
students beforehand."
Jane Flick could not confirm
what system would take the place
of the ECT since the university
faculties have not yet issued an
official proposal.
Dawson speculated a screening exam for admission into English courses could be an option
and an independent group could
be hired to mark the exams.
"We're facing a much larger
population of ESL students than
ten years ago. We cannot ignore
this problem," he said.
Flick said, "We have always
had concern for ESL students. I
think there is a large number of
remedial students but the 25 to 30
per cent failure rate is not outstanding."
She said students shoul d read
their calenders and find out the
composition requirements for
their faculties.
She added English 100 does not
prepare students for the ECT, so
they should prepare themselves
for it.
"Any student who fails the
ECT twice is a student who definitely should spend more time
reading and writing. They should
get help," she said.
The Centre for Continuing
Education offers non-credit
courses for students who wish to
improve their reading and writing
skills.
Though the ECT is to be annulled be the end of this academic
year, currently enrolled students
are still required to take the composition test.
Added Dawson, "I hope [the
end of the ECT] is true, but 111
believe it when I see it."
Three per cent fee means less groceries to eat
by Sharon Undores
Effective this fall, applicants
are being forced to pay three per
cent of their Canada Student Loan
as a processing fee.
The federal government introduced the non-refundable
"guarantee fee" on August 1. Due
to the surprise implementation,
not all students have been notified
of this additional fee.
The amount must be paid to
the bank, before receivingthe loan.
In the future, students can budget
for this fee in their loan application but it cannot be considered
an exceptional expense.
Brad Levine, the Canadian
Federation of Students(CFS)
chairperson for BC, said lobbyists
in Ottawa were close to stopping
it before its implementation. "It is
an administrative nightmare. We
will continue to fight it."
Laurent Marcoux, director of
policy and programmes for the
student assistance department of
the secretary of state,said the fee
was implemented "to partly offset
the rising costs of the Canada
Student Loans programme."
Dan Worsley, assistant director of awards and financial aid
at UBC said the fee "helps to offset administrative costs and defaults on loan payments. It is a
trend in the federal government,
to make the programme more cost
effective."
"It is an unbelievable measure, to add a surcharge to those
who have to borrow money. First
they cut transfer payments and
now this — it's a vicious cycle.
"I have misgivings about the
three per cent levy. In essence, a
student with the maximum loan
of $3570, will have to pay $107.
That's groceries for half a month,"
he said.
Christine Fleeton, a fourth
year English student, said "I had
enough problems getting a loan.
With the loan, I will have just
enough money and $200 to last
until January when I will appeal.
"Now I will have to pay $100.
It will be tight for me. A lot of
others will not be expecting it and
will be short on their budgets.
"It may not be possible for
some people, especially for single
parents," said Fleeton.
Kelly Guggisberg, coordinator of external affairs, said "I can't
think of a logical reason why the
government is hitting up the
people who can least afford it.
Tuition is up and the cost of living
is up. A levy on living is not reasonable.
"A petition will be circulating
in the SUB for the first few weeks
of school. Since the student council
is not meeting until September
11, we decided that a petition
would be an immediate way to
address student concerns to the
federal government."
Levine said that CFS has been
against the levy since 1989, when
it was first proposed by federal
bureaucrats.
CFS is now running "a tough
campaign to raise awareness.
There was little support for the
initiative. The students and the
banks are unhappy about it,"
Levine said.
"Ideally it will be eliminated
in the shortest time possible.
Hopefully within a year."
The fee may be paid by a post
dated cheque or money order.
-;anp when you
ELIGIBLE    FOP.  LGJ\HmA<
THERE'S ALWAYS THE 6\^
NO LONGER
ASSISTANCE
"...
Governments increase
burden on students
by Frances Foran
A number of changes in the provincial and federal tiers of student
aid indicate both programmes are shifting the financial burden of
education onto the student.
As a result, the student who applies for aid this year faces more
demanding criteria.
At the federal level, a three per cent "guarantee fee" has been
introduced into the Canada Student Loans Program. The purpose of
the fee is "to offset the cost of benefits received under the...Program,"
such as subsidized interest ofthe loan while the borrower is in school
and during the six-month grace period following studies.
To augment this cost-reduction strategy, the CSL Program will no
longer tolerate defaults. A CSL default will likely pre-empt a student's
eligibility for further CSL loans.
Dan Worsley, assistant to the director at UBC Financial Aid, said
obtaining a clearance on a CSL default will now be "virtually impossible."
Jane Weiderman, a spokesperson for the Ministry of Advanced
Education and Technology, said a similar policy for the BC Student
Assistance Program will be effective in the next couple of months.
When this policy is in place, delinquent loan payments will affect
the student's credit rating.
Another amendment to the BCSAP this year, is the increased
number of hours the student must work as a requirement for a student
loan.
The Demonstration of Personal Responsibility clause now requires the student to spend a minimum of 560 hours (increased from
360) volunteering, caring for children aged 11 years or younger or
studying during the four months before the academic period.
Since the clause qualifies a student for remission of an undergraduate debt exceeding $13,000, failure to prove responsibility in a
post-audit means a remission will not be granted.
Weiderman said the work requisite was increased to "strengthen
the requirement that the student make every effort to contribute to
the educational cost."
The new student loan structure
Loans make some students more equal than others
«.      by Frances Foran
The amended structure ofthe
loans programme serves some
students better than others.
The maximum amount available for a loan to an undergraduate is $30,000 from the provincial
and $20,000 from the federal
programmes.
A single person enrolled in 60
per cent of a full programme
(minimum course load) may have
no problem completing a degree
in the requested "timely manner"
of five years. And a single student
may borrow the maximum annual
loan of $7,140 for five undergraduate years and still not exceed the $50,000 limit.
It seems, however, students
with dependents, who borrow the
maximum annual loan, are penalized for the luxury of finishing the
programme in the same "timely
manner."
Single parents and married
students are eligible for a greater
annual maximum loan ($10,710),
but are still subject to the $50,000
limit and the minimum enrollment criterion. A single parent
who receives the maximum loan
could exhaust the total available
funds in about four and a half
years.
In effect, students in this
situation would be required to
carry a heavier workload than the
minimum in order to complete a
degree within the time constraint.
Extra employment supplements a loan and enables a student to spread funds over a greater
length of time, but may not be
manageable for students with
children in daycare.
Weiderman said the increased work requisite ensures the
student makes every effort to contribute to the educational cost.
If this is the sole purpose of
the work requisite, it is redundant. While loan ceilings have
been stable for two years, the cost
of books, public transportation,
food and tuition are all up this
year.
Enforcement by the
programme is unnecessary; the
student's greater contribution to
the educational cost will be guaranteed by swelling prices.
Students who fall through the
cracks of the government loans
programmes, may find help from
the AMS Emergency Student
Loans Program, assumed last
February by Kelly Guggisberg,
coordinator of external affairs.
The ESL Program offers interest-free, short term (one year)
loans of less than $1500 to stu
dents in dire and immediate need.
The programme is not meant to
replace the government loan
programme, Guggisberg said.
A successful applicant is one
who has exhausted other sources
such as AMS and external bursaries, parental contribution and
government aid programmes.
like the government loans
programmes, the ESL Program
has amended the criteria for loan
eligibility. Due to last year's high
default rate, applicants will be
subject to a more comprehensive
selection process.
Applications for the Emergency Loan Program are available at Kelly Guggisberg's office,
SUB 250.
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/3 pw~
 z"%y-'
*      * . ■*
EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
■-A*-i* *.+...
Steiner cultivates creative approach to schooling
by Franks Cordua-von Specht
What do you remember from
kindergarten?
I remember one sweet-smelling afternoon when I sat with the
other children in a circle huddled
around a hot pot of honey. We each
held long braided cotton strings
that we dipped into the depths of
the liquid beeswax, adding layer
upon layer to the candles, presents
for our parents that Christmas.
This is one of my most vivid
memories from the Waldorf School
in Hamburg, Germany, where my
parents enrolled my brother, sister and me in kindergarten.
Unlike many public kindergartens, the Waldorf school,
founded by Rudolf Steiner in 1919,
does not teach reading, writing or
arithmetic, and I have no memory
of any letter As disguised as Apples
or letter Bs as Bees decorating the
kindergarten walls.
The goal of Waldorf education
is to nurture the creative forces
that slumber within children —
leaving the reading, writing and
arithmetic for later stages.
Introducing formal education
in kindergarten is premature and
hinders the development of the
child's creativity, Steiner believed.
I agree with this. Children should
be accepted as children and not be
transformed too soon into little
adults. I watch with apprehension
as more and more parents use subliminal means to educate their kids
at ayounger and younger age, hoping their child will be able to pronounce the word d-o-g before the
child next door.
Waldorf education encourages
play as opposed to work by providing children with opportunities to
use their imagination. Play,
Steiner pointed out, comes from
within. Work from outside.
In kindergarten, I remember
pouring water into wine glasses
and carefully drawing forth the
notes as Iran my fingers around
the rim; hemming the apron
ofthe little puppet (a cook),
which would later be part of
the class puppet show; using chopsticks to grasp
raisins as I learned to
eat with them; planting
a garden and caring for
p.
Freestyle
the
pansies; learning to play a harp;
even milling grain into flour for
the bread we would bake.
I cannot remember when I first
learned to add or subtract. But I do
rememberthethickred cotton that
I used to make the lips for the
puppet. I can remember the smell
ofthe honey, the taste ofthe bread.
It is, as Steiner said, that life is to
be experienced in the same
way as art —through
the senses.
Sterner's pedagogy probes deeply
into the question:
s'j»^ what is the hu-
, 1$ man being? He
believed the
inner de-
velop-
ment of
the hu-
m a n
needed to
accompanythe
rphysical sensory
development in order for humans
to perceive with "wholeness." He
wrote that the developing of a vivid
inner life will serve as a key to
unlock the beauties of the outer
world.
In 1919, Rudolf Steiner
founded the first "Free Waldorf
School" in Stuttgart, Germany. The
.:. 1
"free" was meant to signify the
freedom of the school from any
political or economic oppression.
Currently, there are Waldorf
Schools around the world, all of
them private. Originally, they were
never intended for a privileged few
—the first school in Stuttgart was
set up for the children of employees of a cigarette factory, the
Waldorf Astoria Company.
My parents did not enroll me
in a Waldorf School when my family moved to Canada and I cannot
judge how such an education would
have served me. But I am grateful
for the fullness oflife I experienced
as a six-year-old.
When I ask others what they
remember of this period of their
life, some tell me about
fingerpainting and reading. Most
say "not much."
Oddly, that's how I feel about
my elementary school education.
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4/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3 1991 »TVVM""V
EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
New research centre
To be focus of feminist network in BC
Veronica Strong-Boag, a historian specializing in Canadian history for the past twenty
years, intends to promote feminist scholarship. Strong-Boag has recently been appointed
director of the new Centre for Research in
Women's Studies and Gender Relations at
UBC.
by Effie Pow
UNDER Strong-Boag's leadership, the centre is setting
up a Women's Studies graduate
programme that should be in place
in two years and planning a collaborative PhD programme.
"I was attracted to the idea of
something new that could be
shaped. The administration
stressed this was a key moment
and there were lots of possibilities
and support."
Strong-Boag, however, is well
aware ofthe challenges ahead. "If
you know anything about university bureaucracy, these things always take longer than you anticipate."
She says the first months of
operation are focussed on research
that is responsive to the community and addresses women's experiences. "The research agenda for
this centre is set in consultation
with feminist scholars across campus."
STRONG-BOAG has had a lot
of firsts in her career. In 1975
she was the first person in Canada
to do a doctoral thesis on Canadian
women's history.
She was also the first woman
historian appointed at Trent and
Concordia universities.
At Trent, Strong-Boag became
more active in women's issues.
Originally from Victoria,
Strong-Boag received her undergraduate degree at the University
of Toronto and did graduate work
at Carleton University in Ottawa.
At Carleton, she focussed on Canadian women in history, notably
Nellie McClung, who was instrumental in winning the right to vote
for women.
At Simon Fraser University,
Strong-Boag was jointly appointed
to the history department and
Women's Studies. AtSFUherwork
moved from the turn-of-the-cen-
tury to the twentieth century and
she became more engaged in interdisciplinary work.
"My own work is moving out of
"Feminism is one
part of opening up the
world of scholarship."
the fairly conventional graduate
experience at the University of
Toronto, which is still one of the
more conservative schools in the
country," Strong-Boag says.
"Ferninist scholarship in general
is sensitive to inter-disciplinary
work.
"Historians are not the most
progressive people, so I've worked
in environments that have been
more or less supportive."
Strong-Boag says interdisciplinary work, however, is isolating for female academics; at SFU
there was one other woman historian also associated with the
Women's Studies programme. "It
was very important for me to have
intellectual nourishment and support, and a network of feminists."
Since Strong-Boag's appointment at UBC, she has met people
in arts, social work, education,
medicine and geography who are
doing work related to the Women's
Studies Programme.
"As a Canadian historian I am
very committed to promoting Canadian work and work on Canada.
"My first priority is to encourage scholarship thatishome-grown
and addresses the concerns of
women in the community, which
seem to be unaddressed by UBC as
an institution and often not addressed in scholarship anyway."
Strong-Boag says she discovered a lack of significant literature
"I see the centre operating as
part of a consensus which emerged
out ofthe UBC community. I want
to foster the consensus that is already developed, talk to the people
about the possibilities, see what
resources we can mobilize and
make hard choices."
A collaborative PhD
programme with SFU and possibly with the University of Victoria
will also be established. UBC will
not be the first university to have
a graduate programme (York
University in Toronto was the first
to have such a programme). "UBC
has been slowtostartin Women's
Studies."
Strong-Boag also has concerns about the graduate
programme.
"Faculty resources are insufficient for the undergraduate
programme. They are doing it on
people's good will and sessionals,
who are always underpaid."
Strong-Boag has expressed
her concern to Dan Birch (vice-
president of academics) and John
Grace (dean of graduate studies)
and suggested the SFU model,
which is based on joint appoint-
ceived a letter from a SFU colleague (who did want her to go to
UBC) which asked if she was having fun yet. "If I answer this colleague, I could say Fm having fun
and I anticipate having fun," she
says.
"I anticipate undoubtably getting a bloody nose at some point,
but I'm pretty hard-nosed and I've
"I see the centre operating as part of the
consensus which
emerged out of the
UBC community."
been aroundalongtime. Ihave the
advantage of having come through
several schools.
"I'm not about to be intimidated by UBC. Peoplehave warned
me about the bureaucracy and if s
a big school, but I've had that experience at the University ofToronto.
I'm not about to be intimidated,
not to say I can't be, but if s not
on women and poverty when she
was compiling material for a book
of essays on BC women.
"If s those kinds ofbig lacunae
in literature that responsible
scholars should address," Strong-
Boag says. "I consider the mandate ofthe centre action-oriented
in terms of scholarship."
Many feminists at UBC had
been thinking about a centre for a
couple of years and were in a good
position to move when there was
more support from the institution, Strong-Boag says.
Previous administrative work
at SFU was an asset for Strong-
Boag when UBC approached her
about the position of director.
"There are probably ruder
words for us, but I think historians often turn up in administration because we're all into organizations and like to see things run
efficiently."
In the first year, Strong-
Boag will meet with many people
in various faculties in an effort to
connect the strengths she sees at
UBC.
"Not only will I be introducing
myself to UBC scholars, but Fm
hoping I can introduce UBC scholars in different faculties to each
other," Strong-Boag says. "There's
a good group here that's done a lot
of work. What we need to do is
highlight it, present it and reward
people for doing it."
Within two years, Strong-Boag
wants to have the basis for a
master's programme in Women's
Studies set up.
ments in various areas.
Strong-Boag says senior appointments are needed for a
graduate programme, which cannot be based on people trying to get
their own academic careers established.
"Some kind of hiring is absolutely necessary. This is going to
be difficult for UBC, as it is for
many other universities, when
appointments are tight and everybody fights over who gets the appointments. But also because this
is feminist scholarship, a lot of
people are going to have some
mixed feelings.
"Feminists are sensitive to the
political implications ofthe kinds
of work we do. In some ways thaf s
why it's easier to live with people
who are truly conservatives, who
have their agenda right up front."
The centre wants to examine
the relationship between the
sexes, because in history the man
has been treated as the norm,
Strong-Boag says.
"I see feminist scholarship
and work in Women's Studies
and gender relations, as a way of
keeping people honest about
their work—that it's self-conscious work that doesn't claim to
be everything."
Most scholars are realizing
they need to discuss the experience of both sexes, different
races, ethnic groups, and classes,
Strong-Boag believes. "Feminism is one part of opening up
the world of scholarship."
Strong-Boag says she re-
going to be easy."
Strong-Boag is organizing a
conference to be held at UBC on
women's health for October 1992.
The focus on health brings together
the kind of work that has been
done at UBC, which is across all
the disciplines, she says. She will
oversee the conference funding for
the next few months.
The second conference may be
on poverty and related issues: disability, single mothers, elderly
women, women of colour, discriminatory labour market. "It's even
more in the planning stage, it's
mostly in my head."
UBC has the resources for significant research, if they are properly mobilized, Strong-Boag says.
"As a responsible feminist scholar,
I can never turn away from the fact
that there is an important research
agenda that needs to be addressed
if women's needs are to be addressed. We've got women and
men here who are committed to
making this a more egalitarian
society.
"I think the administration
has realized the time has come to
address the situation of women on
campus and the situation of women
in scholarship, so a lot has happened simultaneously, which is
confusing."
Last September when the
Women's Studies undergraduate
programme was moved to a major
from a minor position, the centre
was created.
Another new development of
UBC's campaign, is the creation of
a part-time position: an advisor on
women and gender to the
president's office.
"I don't think it's overkill.
Some people may say there are
suddenly all these appointments I
think it's long overdue and if
something had been done a long
time ago, we wouldn't be in the
position where so much is needed."
Strong-Boag is looking forward to meeting the advisor to the
on women and gender.
"I don't know if you've looked
at the job description, it could be
anything or nothing. It's impossible to say. We presume everybody starts off with the best intentions in the world, but best intentions are best maintained by good
communication," Strong-Boag
says. "I certainly will make an
effort togettogether and talk about
what we are doing."
Strong-Boag says her five-
year term will be a test of her
competence and "also what commitment the university has to
feminist scholarship and making
the environment better for faculty
women.
"I think the centre represents
the highest ideals of the university, which is service through research."
"I think the centre
represents one of the
highest ideals of the
univesity which is to
service through
research."
Strong-Boag wants to collaborate with other feminist
scholars at universities and colleges in BC. "UBC tries to be chief
dog all the time; collaboration and
cooperation is important."
Located on the third floor of
the Library Processing Centre, the
centre's researchers include Barbara Heidt (Slavonic studies),
Geraldine Pratt (geography) and
Judith Daniluk (counselling psychology). A professor from Norway is arriving in October and a
professor from McGill University
may join the research team.
Director fills lacunae
Strong-Boag has a recent book out on Canadian women
entitled The New Day Becalled: Lives of Girls and Women in
English Canada (1919-1939) and has two others in the works.
She is putting together book of essays on BC women with
Gillian Creese from UBC's sociology faculty, which will be
published in spring by Press Gang Publishers. Many of the
essays are written by UBC faculty members. "What is clear is
the strength of the inter-disciplinary feminist scholarship [at
UBCI"
Strong-Boag is also working on a book about Canadian
women in the urban experience from 1945-1960.
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/5 ON THE BOULEVARD
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KENNY OYE SPORTSWEAR HOTLINE:
270-6348
St. Marks
College
Roman Catholic Theological College
On U.B.C. Campus
Announces Courses for 1991 -1992
Graduate Courses: (Fun Term)
1) Augustine: A Christian Transformation of Culture
Thurs., 7:30-9:30, begin Sept. 12. Fr. Paul Burns
2) A History of the Church
Thurs., 7:30-9:30, begin Jan. 16. Fr. James Hanrahan
3) Theological Themes In Literature
Tues., 7:30-9:30, begin Sept. 10 or Jan. 14. Fr. Ed Heidt
Non-Credit Courses: (Normally six weeks)
Beginning the Week of September 16
1) Ethical Issues in Life and Death
Mon., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Sr. Marina Smith
2) Galileo Science and the Catholic Church
Wed., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Leo Klosterman
3) The Gospel of John (at Little Flower Academy)
Wed., 7:30-9:30 p.m., Fr. James Hanrahan
4) Jesus Ben Stra and Hebrew Wisdom Literature
Mon., 4:00-5:00 p.m., Dr. Paul M. St. Pierre
5) Liberation Theology
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Eduardo Diaz
6) Newman and the Development of Doctorine
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Leo Klosterman
7) The Spirituality of Thomas Merton
Mon., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Ed Heidt
8) Women In Canadian Society:
A Social Justice Approach
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Sr. Marina Smith
Pastoral Courses: (Full year; no fee)
1) Fundamentals of Faith (begins October 8)
Tues., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Leo Klosterman Sr. Monica Guest
2) Third World Immersion (begins September 17)
Tues., 7:00-8:00 p.m., Fr. Paul Burns
Beginning the Week of January 13
1) The Catholic Church in B.C. History
Mon., 7:30-9:30 p.m., Fr. James Hanrahan
2) The Church and Contemporary Challenges
Mon., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Sr. Marina Smith
3) Darwin, Evolution and the Church
Wed., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Leo Klosterman
4) The Divine Poems of John Donne
of Bread Street and St. Paul's
Mon., 4:00-5:00 p.m., Dr. Paul M. St. Pierre
5) Faith and Post Vatican II Church Architecture
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Shelagh Lindsey
6) Help in Living Through Serious Loss (Pastoral Course)
Tues., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Dorothy Stanwood
7) Prayer in the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius
Wed., 3:30-4:30 p.m., Dr. Shirley Sullivan
8) Religious Education for the Year 2000
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Sr. Marina Smith
9) Religious Vision of Bernard Lonergan
Thurs., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Dr. Patrick Crean
10)The Spirituality of Thomas Merton
Mon., 7:30-9:00 p.m., Fr. Ed Heidt
Registration and Fees
A Registration Form and course description will be found in the College
Catalog. Please pick one up at the College or write the Registrar
requesting a copy be sent to you. The fee is $15.00 per course for
students and seniors, $30.00 for others. To obtain graduate credit for
the Credit Courses, it is necessary to register through tthe accrediting
institution.
ST. MARK'S COLLEGE
5935 lona Drive, Vancouver B.C., V6T U7
(604)224-3311
Principal: Rev. T. James Hanrahan, CSB, BA, MA, LMS
Registrar: Rev. Leo J. Klosterman, CSB, BA, MS, PhD
A debate raging on university campuses across the United States has now
made its way north into Canada.
The debate, as drawn by conservatives, is left-wing censorship propelled by
"special interest groups" versus academic freedom championed by scholars under
siege. They say the "Politically Correct", or "PC", have taken over the universities
and are enforcing progressive ideals.
Newsweek and Time magazines, attracted by the clash, ran cover stories last
December in the US with headlines such as "Thought Police" and MacLean's
magazine has since run "The Silencers", its cover story. All echoed the conservative view points.
Under fire are programmes such as Women's Studies and ethnic studies
(labelled as "Oppression Studies"), the changing English and history curricula
and affirmative action.
The fallacies of this debate, as described by conservatives, are now emerging.
A new frame of debate is apparent: education that recognizes a diverse population
versus a small conservative group upset by the changes on campuses.
THE ATTACK ON
PROGRESSIVES
The "Politically Correct" debate
THE EFFECTS OF
CRITICAL THINKING
Since the mid-sixties, a group
of theories about prejudice and
power (critical theory) in society
has emerged. They hold that
knowledge is not an objective truth
but a subjective tool which can be
used to wield power.
Traditionally, groups
marginalized from full participation in society, such as women and
Blacks, have relied on the liberal
democratic tradition to give them
the language and the strategies
they need. They looked for allies
among those with power, not those
marginalized.
Critical theory has changed
this. Members of these disenfranchised groups have started to
choose their own words to explain
their realities and their own
strategies for change.
THE CANON: CHANGING
THE CURRICULUM
The arrival of critical theory
has changed many academic departments.
Professor Barbara Heidt, a
UBC professor in Slavonic Studies
and the Women's Studies
programme, says, "There is a lot of
criticism of the courses. Students
are asking for more interesting
professors.
"Courses that have feminist
theory included in them are popular," she says. "Students don't want
to learn about theories that were
out-dated years ago."
The changes have been most
apparent in English departments.
Curricula have broadened to include not only the classics of English literature, such as
Shakespeare an d Milton, but works
presenting minority views like
Alice Walker's The Colour Purple.
Professor John Dennison, a
specialist in higher education
policy with UBC's education department, says, "This is a search
for balance. There is no question
that the majority has been white
males and there is another body of
knowledge that is not white or
male."
But critics of these curricula
changes charge that the canon, or
old standards of English litera
ture, is being abandoned and their
truth forgotten.
"There have been injustices
but you don't correct that by going
to the other extreme," Dennison
says.
Pennsylvania State University professor Christopher Clausen
claims, "The Color Purple is taught
in more English courses today than
all of Shakespeare's plays."
Yet in the US, where the debate is rampant, the study by the
Modern Language Institute "does
not suggest, as some have claimed,
that English programs have made
wholesale changes to requirements, eliminating classic works."
• • •
An important part of the debate is deconstructionism, which
says a text has no meaning in itself. What counts in defining the
meaning of a text is how and by
whom it is read.
UBC education professor
William Bruneau, a specialist in
the Development of Universities,
said, "For example, the [US] Declaration of Independence, may
seem fair to women, but may not
be when interpreted by a member
ofthe KluKlux Han."
by Paul Dayson
In history departments a small
but influential group of historians
have become interested in the "rise
ofthe state" or "patriarchal state,"
William Bruneau says.
"What it tries to show is that
patterns of property ownership,
political organization and academic organization show the influence of patriarchy," he says.
UBC education professor
Sandra Bruneau says, "I think
many university departments have
to be careful not to jump on the
bandwagon of the sociology of
knowledge."
WOMEN'S STUDIES
At some post-secondary institutions in Canada, Women's Studies programmes have become the
targets of conservatives who align
themselves with US groups like
the National Association of Scholars (who want to preserve academic freedom while attacking
feminist scholarship, and are
fundedby right- wingfoundations).
When discussing a motion to
send letters of support for Women's
Studies, one University of Calgary
student council executive denounced Women's Studies
programmes as destructive to the
family unit and supportive of homosexuality. He claims to represent the "traditional, white,
middle-class male," who he says
are the dominant segment of the
campus population.
At the University of
Lethbridge, plans to set up a
Women's Studies programme and
feminist scholarship came under
attack this spring. Some students
vandalized tampon machines and
tacked tampons to women faculty
members' doors.
A U of L professor spoke out
condemning feminist scholarship
and the plans for the Women's
Studies programme, arguing in
favour of traditional academic
standards.
Dennison said, "This guy obviously has a chip on his shoulder.
He has a right to his opinion but
also a responsibility to show that
[feminist scholarship] is not good
scholarship."
"You apply the same criteria
to a Women's Studies department
as to a Slavonic or Asian Studies
department. It must show good
scholarship," he said.
Heidt maintains, "Women's
Studies has been on the cutting
edge of research for the last 20
years."
MULTI-CULTURALISM:
THE BERKELEY EXAMPLE
In the United States, much of
the politically correct debate has
focussed on the issue of racism and
the efforts towards multi-
culturalism on university campuses.
In his book Illiberal Education, Dinesh D'Souza is critical of
these efforts, arguing that
academia's standards become lowered. One institution he focuses on
is the University of California-
Berkley, about which he argues
that affirmative action policies that
serve to create a multi-racial campus lower entrance standards.
D'Souza also claims that capable
6/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 *■
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students are turned away because
of these policies.
D'Souza is an ex-editor of The
Dartmouth Review and was at the
conservative student paper when
it published an interview with a
KKK leader along with a posed
photo of a black man hanging from
a tree. Later, he served as a domestic policy analyst for the Reagan
administration.
According to David Horowitz,
a San Pranciso free-lance journalist, "If you are black, you don't
have to be as smart as whites to get
into a prestigious university."
Professor Troy Duster of
Berkeley's Sociology department
disputes this.
"By the measures the critics
themselves tendto use, SAT scores
and grade point averages, the
typical Berkeley student is now
far more competent, far more eligible and far more prepared than
when this was an all-white university in 1950," he says in a recent
article.
"Of the more than 21,300
students who applied in 1989, over
5,800 had straight-A averages—
and all were competing for only
3,500 spots in the freshman class,"
Duster adds.
In 1980 only 8,000 students
applied.
Affirmative action exists because of inequality of opportunity.
"Blacks and Latinos have had a
difficult time entering higher
education, and the legacy hasn't
gone away. The median family income of a white Berkeley student
is approximately $70,000 a year,
and for blacks it is $38,000 a year.
The gap isn't closing; the economic
barriers that restrict access to college aren't disappearing," according to Duster.
He believes the problem lies
in the white students who feel "beleaguered", as D'Sousa portrays
them, "in their (their in italics)
university" and have to adjust to
affirmative action.
"It isn't theirs anymore,"
Duster says. California's demographics are rapidly changing—
by the year 2000 only 52 per cent of
the population will be white. A
multi-cultural university population reflects this.
D'Souza believes the use of
affirmative action programmes is
a concession to special interest
groups.
TAKING ISSUE WITH RACE:
PHILIPPE RUSHTON
Criticism and protest has been
directed at a professor at the University of Western Ontario.
Professor Philippe Rushton
introduced a controversial study
two years ago. He claims that on
average blacks are less intelligent
than whites who, in turn, are less
intelligent than Asians for genetic
reasons.
The study was funded by the
Pioneer Fund, a right-wing academic foundation in the US, which
often gives money for research into
genetic differences between the
races.
Students have boycotted and
protested outside Rushton's
classes. Some have called for his
It is an attempt by
the right to demonize
progressive ideas and
dissent.
dismissal andhave condemned the
university for its silence.
Other students have formed
the Academic Freedom Club which
supports Rushton's right to teach
his theories.
A UWO Student Council corn-
mi ssion examining Rushton's
study did not call for Rushton's
dismissal but suggested that his
association with "white-
supremicist groups and publications promoting racial hatred" be
investigated.
"The problem with Mr.
Rushton and his views is how they
are used by others," William
Bruneau said. "Racists who use
his views should be condemned."
"The University (of Western
Ontario) pretends to be neutral,
but should be condemning the use
of his views by racists," he said.
Dennison said, "Thechallenge
is this: the work a person does
must be academically responsible."
ACADEMIC FREEDOM
Professor John Dennison said,
"Universities should be places for
unpopular points of view. The only
accountability for academics
should be to the academic community."
"You have to have academic
freedom," he said.
This is true for people who
continue to examine the canon as
well as those who pursue research
in areas related to critical theory,
the sociology of knowledge and
non-canonical departments.
"It is healthy to have these
views out there. The kind of questions those people ask are good, in
that they sharpen and raise our
awareness of these issues," William Bruneau said.
Diversifying the examination
beyond a white male perspective is
beneficial to the understandings
of society.
"The role of the university is
debate, research and analysis,"
Sandra Bruneau says. "Academics
have to explore various modes [of
analysis]; they cannot adopt only
one."
THE THREAT
Some academics see the "politically correct movement" as a
threat. The danger they fear is
that the canon might be jettisoned
altogether.
Dennison says, "It (PC) is
dangerous. Extremism of any kind
is dangerous."
An article in the conservative
Campus, a national US student
magazine refers to universities
"abandoning the study of western
culture" which would mean "rejecting the study of works that
universalize the human experience."
Horowitz says, "The aim of
the left is to undermine traditional
values."
D'Souza expresses the fear
that a "new world view is being
consolidated."
Others see the threat to academic freedom coming from those
who call themselves its defenders:
the conservatives who are crusading against the "politically correct."
They hold thatitis an attempt
by the right to demonize progressive ideas and dissent.
Heidt said, "Fve never noticed
that it is politically correct to be a
feminist.. .It is an issue used by the
far-right to coerce faculty."
Who's who
of
Special Interest
Groups
A guide to conservative logic
by Paul Dayson
We constantly hear of special interest groups throwing
their weight around in the political arena to make political
gains. These gains are made, according to reports, at the
expense of the general population. Special interest groups
"make unreasonable demands" and expect "privileges."
But who are they? And more importantly, who aren't
they?
Women: 51 per cent ofthe population. Women suffer
from violence, harassment and discrimination in both employment and wages. Only recently have women's concerns
and contributions has been studied in universities. Problem:
sexism
A special interest group.
Men: 49 per cent of the population. Men are rarely
subject to violence and harassment due to gender, and are
beneficiaries of wage disparity. The study of most history
revolves around men. Problem: privilege
Not a special interest group.
People Of Colour: A large and growing segment of
North American population with needs and perspectives
that must be acknowledged and dealt with if they are to
participate equally in policy-making. People of colour's concerns, traditions and culture have been glossed over or
treated as museum objects. Society demands that they
conform to eurocentric culture to succeed. Problem: racism
A special interest group.
Caucasians: Although a shrinking percentage of the
North American population, they are still the focus of society, in terms of who is catered to and accepted culturally.
Problem: privilege
Not a special interest group.
Lesbians, gays and bisexuals: An estimated 10 per
cent of the North American population is homosexual. The
study of sexualities is only now beginning to be accepted in
universities rather than studied as a disorder in psychology
classes. Homosexuals experience job discrimination, harassment, outright violence and hatred for expressing or
identifying their sexuality. Problem: homophobia
A special interest group.
Heterosexuals: do not experience discrimination or
harassment because of their sexuality. Heterosexuality has
long been studied and promoted by media as the sole sexuality. Problem: privilege
Not a special interest group.
Physically-challenged persons: Often physically
barred from buildings, and their participation in society is
restricted. Problem: ableism
A special interest group.
Able-bodied persons: Privileged and free to move and
participate in society. Problem: privilege
Not a special interest group.
Labour: Workingpeople make up the majority of society's
population. They provide services, goods and produce, but
are denied access to decision-making about the economy.
The concerns and history of labour are addressed by a few
courses in some arts departments. Problem: classism
A special interest group.
Business and corporate interests. Those who
oversee, distribute and profit from the supply of goods and
services. Consulted regularly by governments with regard to
the economy. Universities dedicate an entire faculty to
business and commerce. Problem: privilege (capitalism)
Not a special interest group.
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/7 V
8/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 *
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September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/9 Leave School
And Stop
Wasting Your
Parents' Money
D
D.
'Bdhcd
Qvrd'fcy
*
>f->
tn
DO
If you think school supplies on campus cost too much, head for Grand & Toy.
Because when you show your valid student I.D., you'll always get 10% off our regular
priced items. Everything from pens to pads, and a whole lot more.
So come into Grand & Toy today, and show your parents what you've learned.
GRRND&TaY
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SHOP AT UBC
SAVE YOUR MONEY
REDEEM OUR COUPONS!
We know that money Is tight that's why at the Thunderbird
Shop we've given out over 1/4 million dollars worth of
coupons for you to save money on shirts, pants, school
supplies, knapsacks & more!
Coupons available in the "Inside UBC" Calendar.
Enter our contest
Prizes! Prizes! Prizes!
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MON. TO FRI. 8 AM - 6 PM
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For more details on classes starting October 1,1991, see our
UCS Educational Programs Brochure available for pick-up
in the UCS Computing Support Centre, Room 209-
Computer Sciences Building after September 6,1991.
Registration for these classes will begin September 16,1991
Tip: Register early, these classes are popular.
UCS Educational Proarams
University Computing Services, UBC
4
10/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 ^
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OPEN 7 DAYS A WEEK!
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/IL ::sr .
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YOUR RUNNING'WALKING'LIFESTYLE STORE
3504 West 4th Ave., Vancouver, B.C. 732-4535
Recycle your old shoes at our
4th Annual
STINKY SNEAKER SALE!
(Aug 19-Sept. 15,'91)
SAVE UP TO $50 on a new pair of
shoes, (with trade-in) All trade-ins are
recycled and donated to the St.
James Social Service Society.
SEE YOU AT THE SALE!
Join Peter, Karen, Ranza, Wayne and
Carey, Wednesday nights at 6:30 p.m.
during the weekly FORERUNNERS
RUNNING CLINIC.
The People at Forerunners (left to right) Carey Nelson, 28:0410,000m Runner; Karen Butler, 3:02 Marathoner;
Peter Bulter, 2:10 Marathoner; Wayne Richardson, Ultramarathoner; Ranza Boileau, 1984 Olympian
UBYSSEY STAFF
MEETING
IS 12:30 ON
WEDNESDAY
AS USUAL
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for details.
The war for
our universities
fey Rick Hiebert
"Professors should have less
freedom of expression than
writers or artists, because
professors are supposed to be
creating a better world."
—Harvard English professor
Barbara Johnson (In Tenured
Radicals).
PRINT
Tenured Radicals
By Roger Kimball
Harper and Row
Illiberal Education
By Dinesh D'Souza
Maxwell MacMillan
Canada
A   war may be about to
erupt in Canadian
academia.
Students and faculty with
politically progressive views are
working together to build a
university community that
fights sexism, racism,
homophobia
and other
prejudices
through a
new approach to
academic
teachings
and student
life.
They
stress
affirmative
action, the
politicizatdon
of every
area of
education
and the
replacement ofthe conservative
views traditionally associated
with post-secondary education
with "new" progressive approaches.
This movement is getting
the attention ofthe Canadian
media. In May, Maclean's
magazine thundered in a cover
story that "The Silencers" are
actively "stifling expression and
behaviour" on university
campuses.
The newly dubbed "Politically Correct" movement is made
up, in a very general sense, of
those who feel that academia is
structurally racist, sexist and
right-wing and that universities
should be used to work and
educate against the "system"
they support. However, the
movement is coming up against
Their object is
nothing less than
the destruction of
the values, methods, and goals of
traditional human
istic study.
- Roger Kimball
some opposition from conservative academics who value the
merits of academic tradition.
What's going on? And why?
In order to consider what the
goals of this movement may be in
Canada, a study ofthe way this
movement works in the U.S A.
will provide useful insights.
Two recent books give an
introduction to the right's
arguments. Tenured Radicals by
former Yale professor Roger
Kimball and Illiberal Education
by former student activist
Dinesh D'Souza argue that the
"politically correct" tenured left
has taken over collegiate education in North America, causing a
profound revolution in how
students are educated.
Tenured Radicals is   the
type of book that speaks to the
converted. Roger Kimball argues
that those in the Sixties New
Left that became academics have
brought in trendy new academic
theories that glorify "in-thinking" and
treat the
theory as
more
important
than the
truths
taught by
the material.
For
example, he
discusses
the trendy
new
literary
theory of
deoonsbuction,
which
suggests that materials you read
don't have an inherent meaning
which is obvious and discernable
to all, but instead can only be
deciphered by reading into the
material what you want to see:
usually whatever the theorist
wishes to attack.
In a hilarious part, Kimball
looks at an art journal's
deconstruction of a painting by
the French artist Courbet. The
Quarry, a painting that pictures
a hunter by his shot deer, is
figured by a befuddled
deconstructionist to be a message from Courbet that he fears
castration.
Kimball's book is best at
looking at the world ofthe
academic journal and conference.
He does a good job at examining
a few ofthe broader academic
' S^Ij|rJ|i$Y . • ::S^p!eirjfer|
(fee BotlrM GaSfeh'":'
II  68tosW7viarine Dnye
12/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 issues coming out of this
movement.
Deconstructionist Paul De
Man, for instance, was a hero of
leftish academics, even after it
was revealed that he wrote
articles in a pro-Nazi Belgian
newspaper during World War
Two that said Jews contributed
only "a few personages of
mediocre value" to European
culture and should be at least
deported from Europe.
Kimball's dissection ofthe
critics who try to play down de
Man's stupidity is very
illuminating as to how far
some academics will go to
ignore the potential faults of
their heroes, and is an
example of his rhetorical skill.
Although a little dull in
places, Tenured Radicals is an
intelligently written precis of
the right's arguments against
this tenured interest group.
ILLIBERAL Education,
however, is the more
useful book for Canadian
students, as it does what so
few academic books do: it looks
at how these ideas affect
students' lives.
Dinesh D'Souza handles
the issues involved by concentrating on six American universities and on how students are
affected by the new upsurge in
attention towards people of
colour, women and homosexuals.
He looks at admission standards, curricula (his chapter on
Women's and Black studies is an
excellent primer on those issues)
and student life in general.
D'Souza, a former Reagan
White House staffer and a
former editor ofthe U.S.'s most
famous (or infamous, depending
on your politics) conservative
student newspaper, The
Dartmouth (College) Review,
takes a surprisingly nonpartisan approach.
He argues that instead of
fostering racial tolerance, things
like affirmative action and caving
in to small pressure groups
agitating for change is actually
bad in the sense that it does not
promote racial tolerance or provide
a grounding in common values of
Western civilization which would
enable the leftist student to be
intelligently critical ofthe system.
Within the tall
gates and old buildings, a new
worldview is consolidating itself.
The transformation
of American campuses is so sweeping that it is no
exaggeration to call
it an academic revolution.
-Dinesh D'Souza
In other words, liberals are doing
the wrong things to get what they
ostensibly want.
As an example, he looks at
Berkeley's unique admissions
policy, which admits students by
racial quota. The administration of
Berkeley wants to have a student
population exactly corresponding
to the population of California,
which results in a policy that
forces whites and Asians to have
superior grades to be admitted
while other students of colour with
worse grades—who are often not
up to Berkeley's tough standards—are accepted due to their
race.
What results, D'Souza argues,
is a student population that looks
at each other as students of a
racial group instead of just a
student happening to be
racially different. This, he
suggests, is a negative thing
that doesn't promote tolerance
and understanding.
THE strongest merit
of Illiberal Education
is its widespread use of
student interviews.
D'Souza spent two years
crossing America to interview
the students and the professors involved. The reader
hears the voices of students
who argue for these new
approaches and understands
better why they think as they
do, as D'Souza allows them to
speak for themselves.
The book is full of statistics
and quotes which help the
reader understand possible
consequences of affirmative
action (for example, the
hiring of professors who teach
without reaching out to all
students or racial tensions
within the student body).
Progressive students will
not like iySouza's own
proposals, which include:
student organizations based
on intellectual interest rather
than race or mode of sexual
expression; a canon that
includes the best of Western,
Asian and African classical
cultures to promote racial
understanding; admissions
policies favouring poverty, not
race and a student and alumni
push to understand these new
academic issues. Nevertheless,
he merits consideration.
If the academic left wants
to win the battle for the
student mind, they will have to
counter the arguments
D'Souza, Kimball and other
critics raise, or lose by default.
Are they up to the challenge?
Canadian post-secondary
education may soon find out.
BEAT YOUR HUNGER
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THEATRE DEPARTMENT
GENERAL
for
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
and
DOROTHY SOMERSET STUDIO
on Saturday, Sept 7th
and Sunday. Sept 8th
For appointment phone 822-3880
ALL WELCOME
IBOOKSTORF
9 am - 5 pm on all Buy Back dates
The University of British Columbia
FREDERIC WOOD THEATRE
1991-1992 SEASON
5 th of July
by Lanford Wilson
Septemeber 18-28
by William Shakespeare
November 6-16
SAKCOPHAQW
by Vladimir Gubaryev
January 15-25
SEMPER FIDELIS
by Ian Weir
March 4-14
Information & Reservations Phone: 822-2678
Room 207 Frederic Wood Theatre
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT/13 Ce-x-c-e-l-l-e-n- tV
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presented prior to placement of order.
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Student Representatives
FACULTY OF ARTS
Nominations are invited for
Student Representatives to the Faculty of Arts:
a) One representative of the Major, Honours, diploma and resident graduate students in each ofthe Departments and Schools
of the Faculty of Arts.
b) Two representatives from each of First and Second year Arts.
Student representatives are full voting members in the meetings of
the Faculty of Arts, and are appointed to committees of Faculty.
Nominations forms are available from School and Department
Offices, the Dean of Art's Office, The Faculty Adviser's Office, the
Arts Undergraduate Society Office.
Completed nomination forms must be in the hand s of the Registrar
ofthe University not later than 4:00 pm WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 18,1991.
Note: In constituencies from which no nominations have been received by
the deadline, there will be no representation.
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[
Department housing
idea unsuccessful
by Carla Maftechuk
An attempt by a student to
make Place Vanier Residence a
more "academic" environment has
been unsuccessful.
Russell Pitts, a student advisor at Vanier, wants to initiate a
programme in which residents are
assigned living spaces according
to their academic interests.
Students who are enrolled in
a particular department would be
placed together on the same floor.
Residents could easily attend off-
campus events together, and professors would be invited to give
seminars.
The programme is similar to
one Pitts was enrolled in at
Stanford University. "The focus
was residence-based education, to
live in an environment where you
would be exposed to a variety of
literature and philosophy
throughout the day. I found it a
really rewarding experience and
that's where the idea started," said
Pitts.
"I thought that I could bring
that to UBC, because I know some
people have approached me and
said that the residences here at
UBC don't have that focus; the
focus ofthe residences is essentially
social."
Last spring, Pitts approached
Housing Administration with his
plans. "We wanted to start it this
September but it didn't get the full
support of Housing. They already
have previous commitments, soit's
not any fault of theirs. It was hard
for them on such short notice to
make the change," Pitts noted.
Bob Frampton, the assistant
director of Residence Administration, feels that the idea is good.
"We're always receptive to
different innovations," Fvrampton
said, "[but] there was not a lot of
interest in a specific purpose house.
The timing was not great, and
students weren't aware in advance."
For the programme to work,
"you need student interest and
someone who wants to coordinate,"
Frampton said. No additional hiring would be necessary if the
programme is implemented in the
future.
Pitts found the English department to be very supportive.
"We were going to start with English first because we thought that
would lend itself best to the type of
colloquia that we wanted to get
across," he said. "Some ofthe professors in the English department
said that they would be happy to
come down and do something for
it."
Pitts attempted to rally student support for the idea, but did
not find a lot of interest. "I think, in
general, some people were really
opposed to it because they thought
it would be elitist or that it would
be parochial, so we didn't get a lot
of turn out in terms of students.
But I think it would work if it went
through administration," said
Pitts.
In Pitts' experience, elitism
was not a problem. "I found [the
Stanford programme] to be really
social. When you get out of the
classroom, you don't necessarily
talk about your classes.
"I feel that the administration
is fairly reluctant right now to do
it, but I think if they're pushed
hard enough they might. I think it
would be a really good idea, especially because I don't feel [Vanier]
is an academic community in itself," said Pitts.
Pitts intends to continue his
efforts to open up the residents'
options. "This is after all a university. If s an academic community and underlying anything that
goes on at the university there
should be an assumption that if s
academia and if s an academic enterprise."
ECCAD expands its campus
by Karen Young
The construction of a new
building at Granville Island, projected to open in 1993, will house
the classes currently taught at the
satellite campuses of Emily Carr
College of Art and Design
(ECCAD).
The extension, to be located
across Johnston Street, is designed
to accommodate the overflow of
students rather than to encourage
increased enrollment.
ECCAD was built in the late
1970s for approximately 500 students. Presently, there are about
650 full-time students and more
than 1,000 part-time students.
Glen Black, manager of campus and facilities, hopes only a
structure bridging both sides of
the street will be needed (a shuttle
bus presently joins the dispersed
parts ofthe school).
"If s difficult to operate a college where alot of things are inter-
disciplinary...when we're in three
different locations," Black said.
Aprovincial grant of $600,000
received by the college in June will
contribute to the ten million dollar
cost.
The interior ofthe new college
building will contain numerous
studios, the college store, computer
and photo-technical labs, the library and a lecture theatre. Underground parking will be available for at least 255 cars.
Mike Barnes of Toby Russell
Buckwell and Partners Architects,
a developer of Sinclair Centre, is
one of the architects.
The other half of the venture
is John and Patricia Patkau, an
architectural team that created
unconventional projects such as
the Seabird Island School in
Agassiz (the building, situated on
an island on the Fraser River,
suggests flight with its unique free-
form design).
Grading the Asian student
The quality of prejudice is not
strained; it droppeth like a gentle
dew drop from history's rain ...
and cuts deep through someone
else's heart, leaving scars of pain.
Few minds forgive the past.
by Chung Wong
Dear Asian students:
So many writers with
Asian names have made
mistakes in essays. So have
non-Asians.
So many writers with Asian
names have made typos. So have
non-Asians.
So many writers with Asian
names have made spelling mistakes. So have non-Asians.
So many writers with Asian
names have made grammar mistakes. So have non-Asians.
But in reality there is a difference: mistakes attached to Asians,
are almost always noticed, and
subsequently associated with an
inability with the English language. So remember who you are
when you write. You are often
graded as such.
Asians must be more than
perfect: you cannot even trust coworkers, they're not flawless. You
must triple-check everything.
Non-Asians will look more often
for flaws in your work. When an
non-Asian editor makes a mistake on an Asian writer's copy,
who loses credibility? A
race.
For a non-Asian, a mistake, if looked for, is often
understood as just a mistake. Everybody makes
them. Sometimes, flaws are
even respected: "I like it because
ifs rough." Not a bad deal if
you're not Asian.
Ednote: There was no examination of gender differences in this
freestyle.
*
*■
14/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
1
High school grads
not ready for UBC
by Cheryl Niamath
Gettdngthrough the first year
of university, straight out of high
school, is like "trying to stuff a
watermelon down the sink," says
Jeff Antonio, a second year science
student.
Antonio says he had good
study habits and was lucky enough
to have taken calculus at Magee
Secondary. "It helped me get off
the blocks a little faster in Math
100." Yet he still felt unprepared
for his first year at UBC.
Antonio is not alone. According to a random sample of current
second year students, most of
whom entered UBC after Grade
12 last year, high school did not
prepare them for university.
Some science students say
their university courses built on
what they had already learned in
high school.
Students in arts, however, say
high school had not taught them
enough.
Catherine McClements, an
arts student majoringin Japanese,
attended New Westminster Secondary. She says she was "not at
all prepared" for first year arts.
"We'd get these sheets at the
beginning of the term with the
date ofthe mid-term and the due
date ofthe term paper, but nobody
ever told us how to write a midterm or a term paper."
Sheila Maurer, a school counsellor at University Hill Secondary, says she begins talking to
students about attending university in grade eight. She stresses
the importance of being able to
work independently, which is an
essential skill for university students.
Maurer considers herself a
"very university-oriented* counsellor. She encourages students to
attend open-houses at post-secondary institutions and arranges
for University Hill graduates to
talk to students about what first
year is like.
English professor Ross Labrie
says graduating, high school students lack some of the necessary
skills required at the university
level. He says, however, the issue
is a complex one.
"If s true that high school is
not preparing students for
university....Many students are
not doing sufficient writingin high
school, their writing is not being
marked enough, and there is insufficient analysis of literature."
Labrie blames a general decline in literacy for students' poor
performance in English 100.
"It's not just a matter of
brushing up on analytic techniques. More useful would be
getting students to read for half
an hour before bedtime each
night."
In addition to feeling academically deficient, students find
some professors inaccessible. "One
of them outright told us not to talk
to him," McClements says.
Students used to receiving a
great deal of attention from their
teachers in high school are shocked
when they walk into a class of 200
students and learn the professor
may never get to know their names.
As every student knows, there
is more to university than classes
and assignments. Most of the
students surveyed graduated from
high school unready for the UBC
social scene. Leaving a school of
500 students and entering a university with an enrollment of more
than 38,000 can be overwhelming.
Science student Howard Lim,
who attended Magee Secondary,
says he was not prepared for "being such a small, insignificant
person on campus. [In high school]
you used to be medium-sized, but
at UBC you're small."
Arts student Marsha Lopez-
dee grew up in the Philippines but
attended North Surrey Secondary
for Grade 12. She found the stress
of moving from high school to
university hard to deal with.
"I would have wanted to be
more prepared for the emotional
changes. You're brought into a
whole new place and you expect
someone to take your hand, help
you out.
"My friends were even more
shocked than I was, because I was
uprooted once before."
Richmond Senior Secondary
graduate Hanna Pierce took a
family management course in
Grade 11 that covered subjects
such as alcohol and drug abuse,
safe sex and sexual assault.
Other students surveyed received no such guidance in high
school.
Entering a university environment in which most other students have reached the legal
drinking age, where alcohol is
easily available and sexual harassment is not uncommon, students needto learn "survival skills"
before they get to UBC.
With schools pushing students to go on in their academic
careers, studentsneed to be getting
the type of high school education
that will prepare them for the demands of first year university.
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15
All Staedtler Leads
BTS Price***59<t
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BOOKSTORE
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EVER for EXceUance"
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16/THE UBYSSEY EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT
September 3,1991 Sue Medley at the Dragon Boat Festival.
DON MAH PHOTO
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
gto Social
Ice T at Lollapalooza (Enumclaw).
RAUL PESCHIERA PHOTO
PAUL GORDON PHOTO
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY/7 SMART START BUNDLE
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Users''technical manuals
1 year warranty parts & labour
Customized configuration
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• 1MB RAM
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• Slim line case
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system $1048
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• 14" monitor w/tilt & swivel
• .28mm dot pitch
173
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8/THE UBYSSEY
September 3,1991 SPORTS
dancing in the rain - UBC running back Elmore Abraham doges rain drops as well as tacklers en route to rushing for a 125 yards against the
^University of Alberta Golden Bears In the T-birds 38-1 win at Thunderbird Stadium Saturday night.
STEVE CHAN PHOTO
Foot birds thunder to 38-1 win
liy Mark Nielsen
* The UBC Thunderbirds probably
couldn't have asked for a better start to the
1991 Canada West football season when
they pounded the University of Alberta
Golden Bears 38-1 at Thunderbird Stadium
on Saturday night.
A Even the weather cooperated in an
ironic kind of way.
The home team was up 35-1, making a
UBC victory a virtual lock, when a spectacular thunder and lightning storm broke
out early in the second half, complete with
torrential rain.
*■ The downpour sent some of the 896
Jans home, but most—spurred on by the
gratis special effects—-just stayed and
cheered louder.
Anywhere else and people would have
been cursing that kind of weather, but at
Thunderbird Stadium you can consider it to
fee a good omen. After all, they're the
Thunderbirds, right?
^ By that time, UBC had already produced a lot of excitement of their own,
particularly in the second half when they
scored 28 points off four touchdowns.
Quarterback Vince Danielson found
»Rob Neid for a 31 yard touchdown pass,
then connected with Jason Walley on a 16
-tyard throw and then Mark Nowotny with a
20 yard strike before scoring himself with a
one-yard keeper.
In the first quarter Jeff Sharpe hauled
in a seven-yard pass—one play after
^owotny snared a 23 yard pass off a slant
pattern—to put UBC up 7-0.
■■>      Moreover, second-year running back
■ Elmore Abraham quickly established him-
■ self as the player to fill the shoes of since-
| departed All-Canadian Jim Stewart cover-
I   ing 125 yards in 23 carries.
I Like UBC's scoring, most of Abraham's
I   yards came in the second period where his
5
running put the Golden Bear secondary on
its heels.
At 5'6" and 180 lbs., Abraham is about
the same size as Stewart, and his reckless,
bounce-off-the-hits rushing style is uncannily similar.
But by his own admission, Abraham,
Butschler—to create those openings.
Tve got the best offensive line—they
were powerful," he said. "They were just
taking their blocks anywhere and I'd slash—
that's what I do. All they do is take their
blockers and I slash off them."
Even so, Abraham does have some cre-
were quickly extinguished by the UBC defensive secondary which intercepted Alberta
quarterback Ted Everson five times. Roger
Hennig snagged two such passes and Todd
Robinson snared one in the Thunderbird
endzone. Anthony Findlay and Brad
Yamaoka got the other two.
The Thunderbird defence held Alberta
to 95 yards net offence while the UBC
offence generated 437 yards of offence.
Overall, the outcome was an inauspicious debut for the Golden Bears' new coach
and ex-Canadian Football League legend
Tom Wilkinson.
It seems that restoring the troubled
Bears, whose future was put in doubt last
year when the U of A athletics department
effectively ended the programme over
funding problems, will be a tall task even
forWilkie.
Danielson
who spent last year on special teamsreturn-
ing kicks, said he has a long way to go to
reach the level of ability his predecessor
had.
"I don't think I can fill his (Stewart's)
spot yet," he said. "I got to get more experience."
And, as Abraham also said, it helps to
have a veteran offensive line in front of
you—led by All-Canadian centre Andrew
Abraham
dentials. He came to UBC by way of Bakers-
field College, California and he was named
the BC Junior Football League's most valuable player in 1988 and 1989 while playing
for the Renfrew Trojans. He also earned
MVP status at Notre Dame high school.
Danielson was good on 13 of 19 passes
for 211 yards, with Jason Walley the top
receiver with 78 yards on five receptions.
What chances the Golden Bears did get
Bird Droppings
During the fourth quarter, rookie running back Brad Yamaoka showed why he
was named the BC high school football
player ofthe year last season after leading
the Kamloops Red Devils to a BC AA championship.
A15 yard pass and run was called back
by a holding penalty, but Yamaoka also
broke free for carries of 19 and 38 yards in
addition to his first quarter interception.
With the game effectively won, UBC
coach Frank Smitn also gave backup quarterback Ranjit Bawa some time on the field
where he connected with Nowotny for five
yards on his first play.
Although a presence in the defensive
secondary, Roger Hennig had troubles as a
kicker, going wide on field goal attempts of
33, 41 and 28 yards, all in the second half.
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY/9 *»s*^ **■>*••<   4
Educate yourself
Another crisp academic year
unfolds again for students.
University studies, however,
should not be limited by classes,
mid-term papers, procrastination
and stress.
And despite the personal routines and detachment endemic at
such a large campus, many clubs
and services are available for new
and returning students.
By meeting people at UBC, you
encounter diverse ideas and conflicting views, and expand your
perspectives. Intellectual development is augmented by learning
that extends beyond lecture halls—
this is one of the most important
aspects of education.
Clubs ranging from the New
Democratic Party Club to the Scottish Country Dance Club, the student newspapers, the radio station
and campus athletics are only some
good ways to meet people.
At gathering places like the
Conversation Pit, Gallery Lounge
and Women's Centre, many students have realised that coffee and
conversation are also part of the
discourse in the scholastic environment.
Everything you need to know,
you might have learned in kindergarten (according to writer Robert
Fulghum), but in university it's
what and how you chose to learn
that matters.
Welcome back.
theUbyssey
September 3,1991
The Ubyssey is published Tuesdays and Fridays by the
Alma Mater Society ofthe University of British Columbia.
Editorial opinions are those of the staff and not necessarily those of the university administration, or of the
sponsor. The Ubyssey is published with the proud
support ofthe Alumni Association. The editorial office is
Rm. 241k of the Student Union Building. Editorial
Department, phone 822-2301; advertising, 822-3977;
FAX# 822-6093
The underwater journey of fashion plate Sharon
Lindores is brilliant. The yawning gorilla Paul Gordon,
croons, "Julie Andrews sings like a bird." Frankie Cordua
von-Specht the whale watches him thump-chest and
swallows Cheryl Niamath.
From inside the belly, Donny Mah hears Cherry
holler: "Help! The bones of Carlly Maftechuk are tickling
Rebecky Bishop's nose and my Sara Patton feet are
soggy." On the dock, zowy Hao Li the fly-fisher puts Paully
Dayson bait on his pole and lets it whirl into the blue
Elai3ne. Chung Wong instructs, "Don't ever use Marky
Nielsen cliches in your writing." Frances Foran tells
rapper Raully Peschiera he is like a "daisy in the sunshine" anyway. "Karen Y mg flowers don't grow underwater," Ricky Hiebert saj.-.. Mushroom-head Mikey Coury
and Nikola Marin the algae fart to the sounds of whales
singing. In the great blue sea of marvelous creatures,
Feeffie Paw designs The Ubyssey's fall fashions. Welcome
back, Ubyssmals.
Editors
Paul Dayson • Sharon Undores • Carta Maftechuk
Raul Paschlera • Effla Pow
Letters
Sick and tired
of Horsman
Yawn, yawn - yet another hate letter from that
self-serving counsellor at the
WSO, Nancy Horsman. According to the latest diatribe
(August 15, 1991), everything Marsha Trew does is
wrong and the World of
Women on campus is going
to fall apart without the
services of?? You've guessed
it — counsellors!!
It really is too bad that
there is no evidence that
counselling a small percentage of individuals cures
centuries-old misogyny, but
that is what Horseman
wouldhave us believe. Could
thisbe delusions of grandeur
I wonder?
Quit playing the really
nasty game you're playing
Horsman — undermining
and maligning another
woman in a newspaper — it
is worse than offensive, it
stinks.
Jennifer Craig
Medicine
"They should
go home"
Ed. Note: The Ubyssey does
not print letters deemed
racist by staff, but in the
interest of debate the following letter has been printed:
This summer's Ubyssey
The Ubyssey welcomes letters on any Issue. Letters must be typed and are not to exceed 300 words In length. Content
which Is Judged to be libelous, homophobic, sexist, racist or factually Incorrect will not be published. Please be concise.
Letters may be edited tor brevity, but It Is standard Ubyssey policy not to edit letters for spelling or grammatical mistakes.
Please bring them, with Identification, to SUB 241k. Letters must Include name, faculty, and signature.
articles about apparent racism written by Chung Wong,
Cha-Li Chen and Ita Kendall
are quite misleading; being
a Caucasian Canadian born
and educated in BC, I know
that the vast majority of Canadians are not so small-
minded as to be "racist".
Every nation and every genetic group of the human
race (ie. there is only one
human species, thus only one
human ^-ace") does have a
small percentage who
blindly assume that they are
somehow superior to people
from other places, other cultures.
When people band together, labelling themselves
in terms such as black, white,
yellow or red, they are actually promoting racism as a
division; these are exaggerations of skin colour. I
have never seen an African
with skin darker than
chocolate, never a European
with white skin, never an
Asian with yellow, nor a
North American Indian with
red. Have you?
But I have noticed that
recent immigrants, mostly
from Asia, are constantly
branding Caucasian Canadians as "racist" whenever
these immigrants are confronted with the inequalities of this society, inequalities that have been here from
the stai^* anyone who has
lacked money, material
wealth or social connections
has had to persevere through
the difficult times. Ask some
European immigrants who
came here in the 1920s. If
you take an honest look at
the planet's various nations
you will see many inequalities that are based more on
material wealth, social position and manipulative
power, than on"race".
Another point that recent immigrants should
wake up to is that they are
now in a different country
called Canada, that Canada,
although young, has developed certain laws and social
traditions that are Canadian. They should show respect for these laws and traditions, not demanding to
behave as if still in their
country of origin; if they wish
to remain Chinese, East Indian or whatever, they
should go home because they
obviously do not appreciate
the genera] openness and
kindness of real Canadians,
of Canadian society.
In particular, Chung
Wong does not understand
nor appreciate Canadians,
venting his frustration in a
way that comes across as
anti-caucasian racism. He
shoul d open his eyes and look
around Vancouver. What
will he see? Many couples
from different genetic backgrounds, enjoying each
other's positive human-
ness... a relatiely new social
phenomenon on planet
Earth. Andmanycuacasians
will be seen workinginlower-
echelon jobs while a relatively high percentage of *-
Chinese immigrants are
driving brand new cars.        *
Lastly, since Chung
Wong has expressed his
disdain for Caucasian Canadians, it may be appropriate
to point out the disdain that v
modern China has shown
towards central Asia's non- >
Chinese people. In the 1950s
China illegally annexed by
military force a large piece
of Mongolia, all of Tibet and
East Turkestan; since then,
millions of Chinese civilians
have moved there, thus de- 0
stroying the indigenous societies and murdering mil- -*
lions of non-Chinese people
who had li ved there for many
centuries. Several organizations in Canada, USA, Europe and Australiahave been
making efforts to stop these
atrocities; ninety-nine per y
cent of the membership in
these organizations are
Caucasians. So, don't call us
"racist". And don't call us
"white".
TJL. Danlock *
ps: If you want to help Tibet,
contact: Canada Tibet committee, Box 65851, Station
F, Vancouver, BC, V5N 5L3
Women Students' Office dismantling, counsellor says
A 70-year-old office
in Brock Hall, the Office
for Women Students is
being dismantled by Director Marsha Trew, apparently by a decision of
the President's Office.
Counselling for women in
that office is finished.
In place ofthe service
function in the Women's
Office, Trew has instituted short-term, high
profile "advocacy* programs in some ofthe faculties. These are being
given top marks within
the senior administration
as well as within the university community relations office.
A glossy pastel-blue
"Fall Preview^ brochure
ofthe Women's Students
Office (WSO) promotes
"women friendly engineering" — a joint project ofthe
WSO and the Faculty of
Applied Science.
The Fall Preview ofthe
WSO also invites students
to drop-in to "a woman's
place" at Brock 203 to talk
and to drink coffee. Artists
may bring their work for
show in a newly-decorated
office, the brochure says.
Women students must
not bring their problems or
their concerns to Brock 203.
Again the brochure extols
the friendliness as a key to
the atmosphere of this office.
There is no counselling offered.
The public relations effect ofthe WSO Fall Preview
is excellent. The President's
Office has a friendly window,
the community relations of
fice can swell with pride.
And all this friendship
for women is being extended
in a year which witnessed
male "hate" letters to women
of Place Vanier Residences;
EUS "hate" articles to
women, natives and gays in
a nEUSlettre; UBC head
psychiatrist Tyhurst's hate
atrocities to women patients.
Somehow, the fluffy
brochure of the WSO with
its 1950's language and its
R.E.A.L. woman decorum,
begins to look offensive.
Worse than offensive, the
glossyinvitationtoa"woman
friendly engineering" is a
covert invitation to men to
have fun. The phrasing is
sexist and demeaning to
women students, and once
again reveals the underlying misogyny on campus.
Because of Marsha
Trew's decision to cut the
counselling function in the
WSO, a decision she insists
is dictated by the
President's Office —
women students have no
safe pi ace to take reports of
harassment or abuse.
The final, terrible piece
of misogyny is that a
woman has been co-opted
by men to destroy a viable
Women Students' Office.
She has shown no conscience at all in her actions.
Nancy Horsman
Ed. Note: This letter was
printed in The Ubyssey,
August 15,1991. It is being
reprinted in the interest of
keeping students informed
about the debate over the
WSO during the summer
which still continues.
1
10/THE UBYSSEY
September 3,1991 PTTERS/OP-EDI
Cry me a river, white boy
For some time now I have been
following with interest the widening discourse on Political Correctness. I have recorded the McNeil
Lehrer Report's series on PC,
bought the Atlantic for Distort
D'Newza, I mean, Dinesh
D'Souza's article Illiberal Education, relieved my doctor's office of
the May 27 Macleans cover The
Silencers:"Politically Correct"
Crusaders Are Stifling Expression
and Behaviour, clipped froni The
Province Jeani Read's column Beware the reprise of Animal Farm:
Politically Correct uses incorrect
means....
A few underlying components
of media coverage ofthe reified PC
Movement are 1) the appeal to
"authoritative sources." These are
typically professionals, renowned
authors, artists or professors and
2) the absence of obvious partisan
affiliation of the particular news
medium, or so-called "objective
journalism." Add to these the frequent use ofloaded or disparaging
epithets in the order of "shrill
feminists*: the thought police, the
new restrictive order, the new
McCarthyists, repressive PCers,
left-wing fascists. The result is
notonlyfurther
entrenchment
of hegemony,
but a de facto
campaign to
trivialize, diffuse, detract from and contain
what may constitute the most
widespread legitimization crisis
since the second wave of feminism.
My first observation is that an
issue of sensitivity is being confused with the explosive issue of
censorship. Recently at the University of Michigan posters reading "A MIND IS A TERRIBLE
THING TO WASTE—ESPECIALLY ON A NIGGER" were
put up around campus. A response
prohibiting such behaviour tends
to be interpreted by PC detractors
as being an act of censorship,
whereas protocol, manners, politeness, etiquette and other forms
of social pressure, including peer
pressure, are commonly exerted
in a similar way to enforce, encourage or promote behaviour that
is deemed appropriate, and to discourage that which is not.
Unlike "repressive PCers" no
one seems to accuse environmentalists of being "ominous" and
"Orwellian" in their tactics. Yet
these people use the same "methods of harassment and peer pressure," which Jeani Read says,
' "violate all kinds of civil and human rights and freedoms." Nonetheless, I have yet to hear one
person whine about not being able
to use styrofoam cups anymore.
Not only is the environmental
agenda of reducing, recycling and
reusing fashionable—as a society
we've come to see it as being THE
RIGHT THING TO DO.
But not so with bigoted usage.
If not fashionable, it is still acceptable to be overtly and covertly
ethnocentric, racist, sexist and
homophobic. Thus, so-called neo-
conservatives complain of being
"repressed" when they, havinghad
the monopoly of power and resources in Academe and elsewhere, have consistently and sys-
Perspective
tematically repressed all sorts of
people for the last 400 years running.
Like any labelling, those identifying with a label tend to find
themselves defending it to outsiders while having internal
squabbles. A label, then, is seldom
totally descriptive; it often lend
itself to the perpetuation and
maintenance of certain appearances.
PC labelling causes shut down.
Much as the label "feminist" does,
PC labelling evokes, in many
circles, a derisive type of response
which often results in the very
legitimate gripes of a particular
person or group being
marginalized, if listened to at all.
Moreover, those who oppose these
"repressive PCers" often display a
quite presumptuous, if not offensive, quality: that of contradicting
or not accepting what people assert on the basis of a lifetime of
experience as women, people of
colour, etc..
Notably, in the ongoing PC debate, women, people of colour, homosexuals and bisexuals are
termed "special interest groups"
even though these, taken together,
constitute a clear numerical majority on the
planet. In
such a global
perspective
white men
would more aptly be considered a
"special interest group."
It is not acceptable, but understandable that those who have a
vested interest in straight white
male middle class hegemony are
on the offensive; they are upset
and resistant to the fact that this
dominant status is changing. On
the other hand, let's not forget
those white boys who have already
been rethinking and reacting
against their inherited privilege
and may even be self-proclaimed
PCers. WOW.
For me the PC debate boils down
to the fact that a plea for sensitivity is being confused with a demand for censorship. As a Black
woman my own worry is that my
voice and my point-of-view will be
further ignored. Is this possible?
An illustration. A year ago
when I was considering a vari-ety
of alternatives ranging from suicide to dropping out of school, I
went to see the head ofthe English
Department, to voice my experiences of passive and active ethno-
centrism, racism and gross gender
bias in that department; to tell
him that, in effect, I felt I was
being expelled for refusing to allow my mind to be colonized.
The good doctor's response was
to tell me that "Rome wasn't built
in a day," and that as a minority
student I was at a disadvantage
and would have to learn to cope.
So here's the almighty rub: in
the present climate of PC bashing,
in addition to such condescending
platitudes and patronizing excrement, I can now look forward to
being brushed off as a "left-wing
fascist", part of a "repressive PC
mob" out to "demonize all of Western culture." Well, hey, free
dummy!
Nikola Marin
September 3rd - 6th, 1991
Tuesday - Friday
9:00 am - 5:00 pm
SUB CONCOURSE, UBC
8>:
• plants
prints/posters   • china
wall hangings   • kitchen appliances
furniture «mj • clothing
AMS BARGAIN DAYS
>fAVEkNA<l|SI
CLIMB THE
WALLS,
DANCE ON
THE CEILING
with
Superb Food &
Friendly Staff
Recommended by
James Barber's
"Best Eating"
Take out
Wedding parties
Ami versa ries
Uirthdays
Try Our
Daily Specials
Sun-Thurs
1 lam-midnight
Fri. & Sat. 1 lam-lam
2272 West 4th Ave.
736-2118/736-9442
Wed thru Sat
* Please do not try this at home
Every Wednesday is Student Night
932 GRANVILLE 684-7699
UBYSSEY STAFF
MEETING
IS 12:30 ON
WEDNESDAY
AS USUAL
• • •
NEXT PRODUCTION
BEGINS THURSDAY
EVENING
SUB 24IK
September 3,1991
THE UBYSSEY/11 Mac to School.
Homework
has a nasty way of piling
up. Our advice: Get in front
of a Macintosh™ computer.
Until September 30,1991, take
advantage of these Apple
superbuy computer/
printer packages.
Any
ibinatii
It's up to you!
You can get a complete,
I   ready-to-run,
Macintosh™
Classic™
computer system
with 2MB of RAM,
40 MB internal
hard disk, keyboard,
mouse and an
Apple™ StyleWriter™
ink jet, and
save over $419.00.
BOOKSTORE
6200 University Boulevard
Call •UBC-BOOK(822-2665)
Or
a sleek,
For students who
Or, you can
/^
.   modular, Macintosh
demand an affordable
JtL   take advantage of
1 LC with 2MB of
laser printer that
/  the Macintosh LC
RAM, a 40MB
produces sharp,
1 coupled with the
aim
■ internal hard disk,
professional text and
*m*S  Apple Personal
a 12" Macintosh
high- definition
LaserWriter LS
printer, and RGB
colour monitor
and the same
graphics, the
Apple Personal
Printer and
save over $498.00
StyleWriter
LaserWriter™ LS is
save over $468.00.
the answer for you.
UBC Computer Shop only serves UBC staff, students and
faculty members. Offer available until September 30,1991.
You can take
4 advantage of the
Macintosh Classic
coupled with the
Apple Personal
LaserWriter LS
Printer and
save over $449.00.
-4
UBC
Computer
Shop
4
I
*l
Don't go back without a Mac.«
Apple, the Apple logo, and LaserWriter are registered trademarks, StyleWriter, Macintosh, and Mac are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Classic is a registered trademark licensed to Apple Computer, Inc.
*
12/THE UBYSSEY
September 3,1991

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