UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The Ubyssey Mar 26, 1982

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Vol. LXIV, No. 64
Vancouver, B.C. Friday, March 26,1982
I walked slowly through the corridor,
pushing the swinging door open and
wandered over to the nearest available seat.
I lowered myself onto the bar stool, cleared
some near-empty beer mugs and a couple of
ash trays off the table in front of me and let
my eyes wander around the dimly-lit room.
They didn't take long to focus on an attractive woman wearing a black lace bikini
top and a knee-length black skirt with a slit
down the side that had a tendency to flip
open when she moved. Actually, I had
noticed her the moment I passed through
the door; after all, she was the main attraction.
She was on a raised stage surrounded by
mirrors and red and blue lights and moved
slowly to the rhythms of some innocuous
AM radio pop song. The song finished, she
let her skirt fall to reveal a G-string which
held only a small, black heart and the audience responded with subdued applause.
Closest to the stage were the respectable-
looking businessmen in their three-piece
suits and dull neckties. Beyond them were
the workers, in jeans, flannel or T-shirts,
with the occasional baseball cap.
Sprinkled about the room (I spotted
about three), were the lecherous-looking
old men with leering eyes and seedy clothes,
who crouched over their beers while their
eyes strained to follow the dancer's body —
the type of men family and media train you
to expect in "those sorts of places." Then
there were the women. There were three in
the audience, plus one serving tables and
two in the kitchen.
A second dancer came out. The first one
had donned a robe after her act and walked
quickly to her dressing room. The second
dancer mouthed the lyrics to the songs she
was moving to. At times it looked as if she
was trying to forget where she was. Eventually she finished and a third dancer took the
stage. I had been served a draft, but the
waitress had yet to come around for me to
place a food order. It had been an hour
since I had entered and I had seen the food.
The 200 customers weren't there for the
food, and the service was horrible unless
the customers define good service as an attractive woman in extremely tight shorts
and T-shirt who chooses which tables to
serve at random.
I left to explore the rest of the area. I
wandered down the street a few blocks,
found an Adult Entertainment Store and
walked in. The window displayed a range of
drug paraphernalia that went from marijuana stickers all the way to "synthetic
hashish." Inside there were more "sex
toys" than I could comprehend, never mind
remember. There was a glass display case
containing plastic and rubber genitals in all
shapes and sizes. Well, not in all sizes, they
ranged from large to elephantine. There
was one dildo about the size of an average
person's thigh.
I went into one of the pinball arcades and
traded the man at the counter 50 cents for a
silver dollar sized token. Then I walked as
inconspicuously as possible to the darkened
back of the arcade. There was a row of
what looked like blue and black telephone
booths. Most of them had their doors closed. I found one that was open and felt
around for a slot to deposit my token.
There was no light inside the booth and the
door had to be held shut. It was like a large
upright coffin that wouldn't stay closed.
I found the slot, deposited the coin and
heard the sound of a woman moaning.
There was a thin light coming from the side
of the booth, it was a slot to view the film
through. I put my eyes to it, held the door
closed and watched about 20 seconds of
graphic oral sex before the picture and
sound vanished. Some men had been in the
booths for quite a few consecutive 20 second shots. I had a hunch I had seen one of
the tamer films, but after checking out a
dozen   "adult   entertainment"   establish-
to come tojyoa _„ WMt „,■ ■
Nnavc —
Now Servians Burnaby,
Escort Service
Wm " Designed
W&A With The
fm Executive
*   A in Mind"
ments and being approached by a few prostitutes, I had no desire to find out.
I walked into another shop that had
even sleazier looking booths at 25 cents a
peek. I started looking at some of the titles
on the books and magazines. In one store
the magazines had cost all the way up to
$19.95 for what I assumed were the truly
graphic scenes.
There were women being tortured, women being raped, women being everything
but killed and I'm sure I would have seen
magazines abcut that if I could have handled looking long enough. I started writing
down the names of these books. There was
one book by "Submission and Mastery
press" entitled "Victims of Rape," and
some more with titles indicating that
women enjoy being humiliated, tortured —
even mutilated. They celebrated fantasies
about men fucking or raping women from
all walks of life, from their mother to their
nurse to their friend's daughters.
I say fucking quite consciously because
the covers of these books and magazines
had captions which indicated that the only
women could be pleased sexually is through
humiliation and/or pain. The nervous little
shopkeeper saw me taking notes, came up
to me and told me to leave. I stared at him.
He said, "I'd like you to leave now. If you
want to take notes on my books come back
with your police identification. Bring your
police identification," and he hustled me
out of his shop. He had thought I was an
undercover officer.
Now that I've told you about three hours
on Granville street I'd like to welcome you
to the body of our regularly scheduled feature. . .
Before you're even across the Granville
bridge on your trip downtown, you hit the
Cecil Hotel. It offers exotic dancers from
noon to 1 a.m. Its neighbor, the Yale, just
at the foot of the bridge, also offers "Live
Entertainment." A few blocks down you
hit the first of dozens of "adult entertam-
ment" shops and adult oriented pinball arcades.
Somewhere among the shops sits The Kitten theatre, the closest Vancouver can get to
X-rated features without crossing the border or seeing Caligula. Then there are the
lingerie shops and, of course, the prostitutes who work across from the Chateau
Granville, servicing their clientele in the
lanes. The only real difference between
Granville and Davie is that Davie is closer
to a zoo. It offers a wide range of creatures
of the night, while Granville, in its respect
ability, is limited in the direct sales of
bodies but is a smorgasbord of forms of
The past and present city council have
both taken up the crusade of "cleaning up
the street," and while the zeal varies the
skill in making political promises, excited
vows and assessing blame have remained
fairly consistent.
Mayor Volrich decided to close down
massage parlors and Harcourt has decided
to cut down on gawkers in the West End.
Oh yes, and they both promised to rid Vancouver of its prostitution problem, and so
will all of their successors.
Volrich was responsible for a set of regulations preventing people from being rubbed the wrong way. Massage parlor licensing fees were raised from $25 to $3,(XX) and
the "neck to knee law" was created.
Female attendants who had previously
conducted nude body massages were forced
to wear garments Queen Victoria would
have approved of, non-transparent clothes
that would have to cover the attendant
from neck to knee.
Massage parlors switched to offering
"nude encounter sessions," and council
killed these immediately. But as any good
lawyer will tell you, where there's a law
there's a loophole: "take home body rubs"
were born. The outcall massage business
was also the victim of a summary execution
by council. The offensive ads run in local
sex-oriented papers offered "nude rub-
downs with a beautiful lady in the privacy
of your home or hotel room." None of the
massage ads featured pictures of husky men
or women pounding on customer's backs.
Papers like the Vancouver Night Times
and the Vancouver Star have ads for escort
services featuring pictures of women, some
clothed and some not so clothed with captions such as "Relax in the company of a
beautiful lady . . . spoil yourself." Another
escort service offers pampering by models
and claims to be "designed with the executive in mind." "Apple 'N' Spice" offers
"Discreet service to your residence or
hotel," but the ad neglects mentioning what
service they offer.
Council and citizens have commented on
Vancouver's "sin strip," but no one has
ever thought to do anything about it until
recently. The sudden interest in cleaning up
the sex shops suspiciously coincides with a
discovery by Granville Mall merchants that
these shops are cutting into their profits.
The theory seems to be that the lower
class shops attract the street nuisances who
in turn frighten away potential customers.
The increase in licensing fees of sex shops
which was meant to discourage businesses
has been ineffective, but in October 1981
the city council committee on traffic and
environment recommended that the director of legal services draft changes to the licence bylaw to regulate pornographic film-
viewing booths and the sale of drug paraphernalia.
According to the Vancouver Province,
police Sgt. Ken Doern said there are 60
booths where hard core pornography may
be viewed within two blocks on Granville
Street. "We have apprehended people committing oral sex acts with juveniles in these
booths," he said. The booths are in the arcades which can remain open until midnight
while adult entertainment stores must be
closed at 6 p.m. So the real problem with
the sex shops for council seems to be the
economic disturbances they cause within
the community rather than the sociological
disturbances and their promotion of violence against women.
Norm McClelland, spokesperson for city
hall's permits and licences department, says
sex shops are regulated through zoning and
licensing bylaws but adds that the only concrete aspect of these are the definitions and
even the definitions can seem a bit nebulous. The bylaws do prevent "graphic sexual material or sex paraphernalia" from being display in the window.
See page 4: SEX Page 2
Friday, March 26,1962
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Page 3
Military intervention looms
If everything goes according to plan, the
stage will soon be set for direct American
military intervention in El Salvador.
Sunday's elections of a constituent
assembly have two basic functions — to lend
credibility and legitimacy to the Salvadoran
government; and to justify the continuation
of U.S. economic and military aid and the
sending of American troops to El Salvador, if
and when it becomes "necessary."
The elections are strongly supported by
president Ronald Reagan and his administration simply because they serve American interests, and the interests of the Salvadoran
economic and military elite who are their
allies. Following a general assembly of the
Organization    of   American   States   in
The Reagan
is creating options for
military intervention
in El Salvador'
December, 1981, the Democratic Revolutionary Front (FDR), an umbrella organization representing the majority of
Salvadorans, declared: "The March, 1982
elections are a deception which won't work.
Their only objective is to give supposed
legitimacy to American intervention which
has been going on since January, 1981, in
order to maintain in power a minority which
exploits and oppresses the people. In El
Salvador there is no solution without the people, much less can there be a solution against
the wishes of the people."
in Georgia
The American government has repeatedly
declared the situation in El Salvador is an
East-West conflict, a struggle between communism and democracy. With the elections,
the Reagan administration hopes this interpretation will gain wider acceptance, which in
turn would justify increased American aid to
the Salvadoran government.
The Reagan administration's past strategy
has been to send large amounts of economic
and military aid. Estimates have put the
amount of such aid at about $185 million.
But recently this strategy has been stepped up
to include the training of Salvadoran soldiers
in the United States. In January a 1000-man
Salvadoran infantry battalion began training
at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, and between
500 and 600 junior officers began training at
Fort Benning, Georgia.
Fifty-five American "military advisers"
are already within El Salvador and the Central Intelligence Agency has been instructed
to "destabilize' the Sandinista government
in Nicaragua. The Reagan administration is
clearly creating options for a direct military
intervention in El Salvador.
Sunday's elections are not and never
were intended to bring about a peaceful solution to the coun.ry's problems. The FDR has
stated in a position paper on the elections:
"But if elections are not a viable political
solution, what then remains in U.S. foreign
policy towards El Salvador? The answer is
simple — economic and military aid. In practice, the (American) state department's
policy is reduced to its true essence — the
search for the junta's military victory over
the Salvadoran seople."
Robert White, a former American ambassador to El Salvador, has said "The
representatives of the Reagan administration
are still against a peaceful solution — they
are for a military solution."
Secretary of state Alexander Haig has
stated the U.S. "will do whatever is
necessary" to help the junta in its battle
against the FDR/FMLN. Thomas Enders,
assistant secretary of state for inter-American
affairs, has said "nothing has been ruled
James Goodsell, Latin America correspondent for the Christian Science Monitor,
recently wrote "The Reagan administration
calculates that (Salvadoran) president (Jose
Napoleon) Duarte and his embattled government will need much more assistance,
perhaps including U.S. troops." Goodsell
points out tha: American economic and
military aid alore is not accomplishing what
it was intended i.o. "The possibility of some
sort of U.S. military intervention to bolster
the sagging fortunes of president Duarte and
his government seems increasingly likely,"
wrote Goodsell.
"The problem is that if the US doesn't
want a political solution, they are going to
want a military solution," says Oscar Dada,
the FDR's political and diplomatic representative in Canada. "And this means they are
going to try :o create mechanisms of
demagoguery and an electoral farce which
would give legitimacy to this military regime.
Through this they can justify an intervention
in El Salvador," says Dada.
The U.S. wants to stop
a popular uprising
in FJ Salvador
because it threatens
American interests'
"It is American arms that are killing our
people," he says. "And now it is going to be
the American army that is going to be killing
our people."
"With the advances our front is having, to
the point that the military Christian
Democratic junta is not capable of defeating
our forces, and with the intransigence of the
Reagan administration for a political solution, the only alternative left for them is
direct intervention in our country," Dada
"We have some information that says the
chief of the South commandos of the U.S. in
Latin America ii in El Salvador," he says.
"This shows there is a complete wish to intervene in El Salvador, which implies prolongation of the fight, a regionalization of
the fight, and bigger social costs."
Dada, who was in Vancouver recently as
part of a cross-Canada speaking tour, rejects
the American government's interpretation of
the situation in El Salvador. "The Reagan
administration has tried to make it look as if
our fight is being supported by Cuba,
Nicaragua, Russia, and the socialist bloc
countries. But our fight is eminently national, and we categorically refuse this artificial niche created by the Reagan administration," ssys Dada.
"The U.S. has talked about this connection several times, but they have never come
up with any proof," he says. "We do
recognize that Cuba and Nicaragua give us
moral support in our fight, but we also
receive that moral support from countries in
Europe, Africa, and Latin America."
The international arms market, homemade weapons, and arms captured from
government forces are the three sources of
arms for the Farabundo Marti National
Liberation Front (FMLN), says Dada.
"They've said our arms come from
Nicaragua, but very few people know we do ,
not have a border with Nicaragua. Our
borders are with Honduras, Guatemala, and
the ocean," he says.
Dada criticizes the American government
El Salvador—a country where their multinational corporations have free access to
markets and resources," says MacKinnon.
"They'll make a lot of profits because the
government is willing to suppress the people
in order to protect American interests."
There is a possibility the Reagan administration will use Sunday's elections to
justify an eventual military intervention, says
MacKinnon. "What may postpone that from
happening is pressure in North America,
primarily, and from the Western allies," he
says. "There is a lot of internal opposition in
the U.S., and from the Western allies, to sending troops to El Salvador."
Extensive media coverage has greatly increased the public's awareness of the civil war
in  El  Salvador,   says  MacKinnon.   "Even
for taking advantage of the ignorance in
North America about El Salvador's history.
"There is a very serious lack of knowledge of
the story of our country, and this is used by
the Reagan administration to create negative
images of our fight," he says.
The intent of the elections is also criticized
by Harvey MacKinnon, B.C. coordinator for
Oxfam-Canada. The elections are a farce
because the ensuing government will be held
up as democratic, he says. "This doesn't take
into consideration, of course, that the majority of people's interests won't be
represented. But it will justify increased U.S.
aid to El Salvador, and possibly the sending
of troops, because then they can say the
government has said 'we need your help' —
and they'll certainly be happy to offer it."
MacKinnon condemns the goals of the
American government. "In the long-term,
what the U.S. would like to see imposed on
El Salvador, and Guatemala as well, is the
'Chile model.' From the U.S. interest, the
Chile model is perfect, except for the fact
they've got a military dictator in power," he
says. "But it has everything else the United
States wants — completely free access to
natural resources, trade unions that are
basically powerless, and one of the most
favorable investment climates U.S.
businesses could possibly have. And because
the military is so powerful, there's not likely
going to be much opposition.
"That's what the U.S. would like to sec in
though, in general, the media is often unsympathetic to the popular forces, it is pretty
hard to hide the fact that the army, the
security forces, and the state police are
massacring people daily," he says.
"If there wasn't so much press coverage
about El Salvador, if people weren't as well
informed as they are about what is happening
there, or if there wasn't the post-Vietnam
syndrome of people not wanting their boys to
fight on foreign soil or invade a foreign country, it would be much easier for the
Americans to send in troops like they've done
so many other times in this century," says
"(In the past) it was very easy to do and
they did it continually, but it's much more
difficult for them to do that now," he says.
"They would like to because they want to
stop a popular uprising in El Salvador
whatever the costs, because then they would
have two countries in Central America that
are not necessarily opposing their interests
but promoting the interests of their own people. And that the U.S. sees as opposing
American interests."
Meanwhile, the civil war in El Salvador
rages on. The elections on Sunday will only
increase the danger and likelihood of direct
American military intervention, and the cry is
growing that the U.S. is embroiling itself in
another Vietnam. About all that is missing is
a massive protest movement — but even that
may soon come.
post-Vietnam syndrome and Reagan doesn't like it Page 4
Friday, March 26,1982
Sex shops threaten profits
From page 1
of an adult entertainment store and
they also prevent minors from
entering the premises legally. These
restrictions seem to satisfy council
at present.
The Canadian government got
rid of kiddie porn in 1978 because
they felt it was morally reprehensible.
McLelland said the civic laws are
such that regulations for individual
stores and businesses can be made
specifically by the director of planning.
The National Film Board
documentary Not A Love Story
woke a great many people up to the
problems of pornography. It
depicted the real life street scene in
Montreal and New York. There are
still differences between the types of
pornography offered in "the big
cities" and the types found here,
but the differences are not as pronounced as we might like to believe.
The Vancouver Status of Women
fears pornography encourages a
stereotypical view of women. One
of the points of Not A Love Story is
that pornography perpetrates and
legitimizes violence against women
in our society. It is also a big
business and a Vancouver Magazine
Distribution spokesman has said at
least half of the 4,000 magazines
they sell are pornographic.
But at present there is no real
problem with pornography in Vancouver as far as most citizens are
concerned. However, the problem
of prostitution, whether it be
through Escort Services or street-
walking is recognized by most
everyone. Mike Harcourt has stated
that Vancouver is not ready to be
turned into a city with a red light
So council has resorted to barriers and bylaws in a game which
the    VSW    feels    should    end    in
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decriminalization and others feel
should end with complete prohibition. Prostitution, in all its incarnations, is the world's oldest profession and more than likely it will be
Vancouver's longest running problem.
As for pornography being a problem, it doesn't seem to be for most
people, but the only way to know
for certain is to take your own
"Sleaze Oddysey" through one of
the world's most beautiful cities,
and see for yourself. . .
The clear and unquestionable
danger of this type of material is
that it reinforces some unhealthy
tendencies in Canadian society. The
effect of this type of material is to
reinforce male-female stereotypes
to the detriment of both sexes. It attempts to make degration, humiliation, victimization, and violence in
human relationships appear normal
and acceptable. A society which
holds that egalitarianism, nonviolence, consensualism, and
mutuality are basic to any human
interaction, whether sexual or
other, is clearly justified in controlling and prohibiting any medium of
depiction, description or advocacy
which violates these principles.
—Mark MacGuigan
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Dialogue on drinking
Health and Welfare
Santi et Bien-etre social
Ministry of Health Alcohol
and Drug Programs Friday, March 26,1982
Page 5
Towne's first film Personal Best
The female athletes in Personal Best have a
real, earthy and sensual presence — they enjoy what they do. When they run, you can see
and feel the strain that goes into their performances; their bodies brim with excellence
and a deep commitment to sports. Trying out
for and sometimes competing against each
other to the 1980 Olympics trials in Eugene,
Oregon, they develop a real affection for
each other; they're all friends, and they're
learning to grow up together. They're full of
pure energy and warmth; not cute, mind you,
but almost innocent. And the love with which
Robert Towne has graced the physical and
personal development of these Olympic contenders, and particularly two pentathelenes
who become lovers and remain friends, is
nothing short of great. Personal Best, as it
charts the progress of these young women
over four years, is an astonishing achievement.
Personal Best
Starring   Mariel   Hemingway   and   Patrice
Directed by Robert Towne
Playing at Capitol Six
Personal Best begins at the 1976 OLympic
trials, where Chris Cahill (Mariel Hemingway) loses miserably. But the defeat is only momentary, for she meets Tory Skinner
(Patrice Donnelly), a top pentathelene who
becomes Chris' friend, then lover, and finally
a friend again after a bitter separation.
Towne, who worked on Bonnie and Clyde,
The Godfather (both uncredited), Shampoo,
and wrote one of the best film scripts of the
'70s, Chinatown, has fashioned a sports
movie that surpasses every sports film since
This Sporting Life. On his first outing as a
writer, producer, and director, Towne has
managed to create a film that is disarmingly
stimulating, involving and charming. One
reason why Personal Best is so good
is that Towne refuses to exploit his
characters — all his characters. There isn't a
single character in Personal Best that one can
"hate," or even dislike, including the
authoratarian coach (Scott Glenn). Towne
shows you the total picture: a narrative not
full of dramatic exclamation marks and implausible climaxes and resolutions, but comprehensible developments and achievements.
Personal Best must be one few sports films
that manages to define athletes in terms of
their own desires and aspirations, without
making any particular sports the unshakable
centrepiece of their lives. When the women in
Personal Best run, you can feel the tension
which envelopes their stealthy bodies and the
lovers, competitors
and best friends
commitment with which they grace their running. Personal Be:;t is, above all, a film about
growing up, abaut two female athletes
developing their individual characteristics
and drives.
Chris and Tory, who fall in love and live
together as lovers for three years accept their
sexualities with an innocence that rings
natural from the very first love scene. Towne
doesn't back away from showing these two
women making love because he rightly sees
nothing immoral about their behaviour. At
the centre of the female athletes is an innocence that makes them comparable to
children discovering the pleasures of their
own bodies and their own sexualities. When
Chris and Tory touch each other and engage
in foreplay, they seem like residents of un-
fallen Eden, enjoying sexuality as it was
meant to be — unapologetically.
There isn't a single moment in Personal
Best that "explains" or apologizes for Chris
and Tory's lesbian relationship. The movie
doesn't foreshadow their sleeping together by
showing incredulous eye contact and hints
before they get together; unlike Making
Love, Personal Best doesn't turn its
homosexual characters into banal types who
self-consciously glare and stare and wonder
about their own sexuality as if it were the only thing in their lives. If you didn't know
what Personal Best was about, or that it involved a lesbian relationship, the first love
scene would probably catch you off guard.
(At an afternoon showing of the film, a
bunch of high school types groaned at a scene
in which Donnely kisses Hemingway and
the two start making love. "1 didn't know the
move was about this!" shouted an ignorant
type, and you could tell some members of the
audience were uncomfortable; they couldn't
understand a film that refused to make a big
thing about its characters homosexuality or
"Winning is like sex. Sometimes you think
there's just got to be more," Tory tells Chris,
and the two laugh at the quip. We laugh too
because of the immensely caring relationship
these two women have. It may be that part of
their own security about their sexuality comes
from the fact that they lead relatively
sheltered lives as athletes who look out for
HEMINGWAY, GLENN .  .  . star and coach before track meet
each other and whose lives are predominately
charted on the track field.
Most of the credit for Personal Best
belongs to Robert Towne who has bathed his
film in a natural, warming glow of Southern
California. Even the first love scene is set in a
child's nursery room, and filled with comforting golden light. When Towne shows the
women's bodies, in the love scene, for example, or in the steam rooms, he doesn't make a
big deal about the fact that we're watching
naked bodies. His camera becomes part of
the steam rooms as if it were one of Ihe
athletes. The off-color jokes that the young
women make when they're alone don't em-
barass us — or even begin to make us feel a
sense of exploitation — because they appear
comfortable and happy about themselves;
there is nothing to be sorry for. All self-
conscious awareness is tripped away.
The roots of this laudably mature approach to photographing nude bodies, an approach that doesn't undermine the eroticism
of the naked human body, goes right back to
the origins of cinema with Eadwesrd
Muybridge. A photographer, Muybridge experimented with multiple camera to achieve a
sense of motion in rapid succession of still
photographs. Muybridge too, had no sense
of shame about the naked subjects he was
photographing; there was nothing exploit ve
in his single frame experiments because he
captured the genuine eroticism of physically
perfect bodies.
Towne could easily be considered
Muybridge's modern counterpart. He is
fascinated by athletes' endurance levels.
When he photographs the athletes running in
competitions, he does his best to give us a
sense of his own intense fellings for his subjects. Some of the running scenes begin at
normal speed and then slip into slow motion,
without a single cut! For a second, we don't
even realize that the film has changed into
slow motion because the film's mood and
style is so damn lyrical, it's intoxicating.
Personal Best has some of the best slow
motion sequences in a long time. If the
movie appears to be an American version
of Chariots of Fire, rest assured that it isn't.
Personal Best is as distant from Chariots of
Fire as a starting pistol is from a runner at the
end of the 400 metre hurdle dash. Towne's
film has none of Chariots of Fire's annoying
preachiness about believing in God, and
neither does it have the unforgivably
anachronistic synthesizer music that is currently polluting Ihe airwaves. The two runners in Chariots of Fire were so filled with
differing emotions that the dichotomy between the characters became archetypal; one
believed in God, the other didn't and was
desperately looking for something to believe
in — even himself. The strain on the runners
faces was exaggerated; one couldn't believe
for a minute that these were real runners; you
couldn't feel a true sense of athletic effort
that went into the track scenes.
Personal Best is better precisely because it
makes the athlete's strenuous aim for perfection and endurance invigoratingly comprehensible. The slow motion doesn't exaggerate the facial gestures, it compliments
them. In one sequence, Chris, who finaJy
gets a chance to run with the established
athletes, sets up a running block for herself,
and then falls. In a split second, we feel her
disappointment. But just as quickly, she
picks up and starts running, and catches up
with the others — she makes good on her
promise. When Hemingway and Donnelly
run the hurdles, its very easy to feel the sense
of immense drive that is central to the
women's lives. This time, there is no Vangelis
music to add a new dimension to the frame
and cover up the flaws; the score, by Jack
Nitzsche and Jill Fraser, doesn't overwhelm
the athletes; it pushes the tempo of the film
frame and catapults the slow motion into
something great (Jack Nitzsche also composed the excellent music for Cutter's Way —
the best music soundtrack of 1981).
Towne further highlights the athletes by
focusing the camera on parts of the
characters' faces and limbs: on bulging arm
muscles during a wrestling match between
Donnelly and Hemingway, for example, or
on athletes' calves and thighs during the running scenes. In a masterful stroke,Towne has
instructed supervising film editor Bud Smith
to cut a series of rapid fire montages during
the star of running sequences. In split second
shots, the limbs of at least seven different
athletes are contrast and with a sensitive use
of rapid cutting. Personal Best invogorates
the viewer with the athletes' energy — it
sends a rush down your body. Towne
also uses cropped frames to highlight
different parts of the body, and a selective
use of jump cuts. None of these techniques is
new, of course, but Towne makes them into
something original, personal. This is an
amateur director (in the sense of being a
firsttimer who is discovering his love for the
cinema, and wants to infect us with the same
In the two central roles of Chris and Tory,
Hemingway and Donnelly give the kind of
performances frequently underrated by
critics and audiences alike, because too much
emphasis is placed on the physicality of the
roles; it's as if playing character athletes
doesn't take a hell of a lot of real guts to
carry off. Donnelly is an athlete who was
chosen for the role over other film actresses,
and this is her first performance; she gives
Tory a sense of maturity and understanding
and strength that one can only expect from
veterans. As for Mariel Hemingway, she
fares less well in some of the early scenes, but
her progress is like her character Chris' —
slow starter, but a brilliant achiever. Like
Towne's achievement, it is her own personal
In the difficult, but not totally thankless
role of the coach, Scott Glenn combines a
sense of toughness and skillfully masked
awareness that makes him more than "the
coach as pimp," as one critic has called him.
While one may risk overpraising Personal
Best, it is equally foolhardy to dismiss this
film and not pay it the kind of attention this
original film deserves. The year is still
relatively young, but with the possible exception of Louis Malle's My Dinner with Andre,
Robert Towne's Personal Best is the best film
the cinema has offered us this year. It makes
going to movies a pleasure. Page 6
Friday, March 26,1982
room art
Those Ubyssey readers who
hungrily waded through Alice
Thompson's purple prose in the
March 12th art critique, must have
been left with a feeling thai "surely
there must be more." It no doubt
whetted the appetite for more
"organic earthy works: folds,
flagelli, skeletal forms," and, of
course "visceral interiors." So it
will come as a thrill to most of you
to learn that the official UBC art
show was not the only one in existence.
There was — and is — a kind of
beyond-the-fringe art show in the
SUB boiler room displaying the
works of such derriere-garde artists
as Plie Moncrief, Koco La Pont and
Sean Patrick Kwai. All the artists in
the critically acclaimed showlet are
influenced to a great extent by the
pioneers of the Right-Now move-
free standing, still life collage, with veg, fruit and running shoe
when he sat down much later for
cocktails with friends. And Bert
Higginbottom wrote in his weekly
column, Around Town with Bert,
"I may not know anything about
art, but I know what other people
The first work to catch the eye as
Flimsies explained to crituque
ment — Christie Cohen-Wong,
LaVerne Kamakazi and Ntsake
The three artists believe that one
must start out with the basic under-
layer and build on that, organically,
until one has achieved a totally integrated whole.
Many of the local, elderly critics,
who attended the opening of the
show with their young girlfriends,
were practically speechless at what
they saw in the SUB boiler room.
"I'm simply, practically
speechless,"   said   Errol   Burbury
one ducks beneath the bubbling
pipes of the boiler room, is the ambitious sculptural earthy work of
Miss Moncrief. An integrated, webbed cave of both synthetic and
natural fibres, such as dried and
braided sheeps' intestines over fine
chicken wire, the work is meant to
draw the viewer in to explore its
many facets. These include small
piles of dried clay, cat litter and
pigeon droppings, a recurring motif
in Miss Moncrief's Art.
The cave seems to be a humorous
attempt    to   draw    attention    to
humanity's fight for survival in a
mechanical, hostile, as it were, nonorganic world. It is a plea for
freedom, made especially poignant
by the addition of a piece of barbed
wire on which is caught a tuft of
sheeps' wool: a mute testimony to
man's inability to keep sheep from
leaping out of their little pens.
Plie Moncrief has said about her
multi-media projects, "I feel that
the artist must be reconciled to the
basics before embarking on more
ambitious probjects." This is apparent in her work entitled, Flimsies
and Jock Strap on Washing Line. "I
chose underwear," says the artist,
"because it represents to me what
the base coat represents to the
painter. And when I have exhausted
all the possibilities I will progress to
outer garments, but not until I feel
that I am truly at one with the very
basics of this type of work."
Miss Moncrief also likes to juxtapose, in her free standing collages, items which she feels have an
inherent, though not obvious,
organic relationship. And so we
might find in her earthy works
such seemingly disparate items as a
gym shoe, a lump of sod, a few
twigs or a light sprinkling of cat litter. "I feel my work is often surrealistic, and yet if you walk past it
very quickly with your eyes half
closed it becomes almost impressionistic."
The work of Koco La Pont,
whose untitled blank canvasses
drew much praise, has the tranquil
yet subtly cerebral quality which
marks  the artist  who  has  gained
enough confidence to march to her
own drummer. Although there are
some who have called her blank
canvasses "the result of a cleft
palate," most criticism has been
favorable. But Koco has never
restricted herself to the two — or
rather one — dimensional medium.
says Miss La Pont, were greatly
misunderstood by the critics. When
asked to comment on her work she
added, "my art must speak for
itself." It does, Koco, it does.
Sean Patrick Kwai specializes in
papier mache phalluses. These free
standing and highly controversial
pieces are a statement he says,
almost a protest, against the current
'p and a' syndrome, represented by
magazines such as Playgirl. Men
must not be seen as simply parts,
but the whole made up of those
parts. His largest work, which
hangs from a meat hook over the
boiler room entrance was described
by Errol Burbery's girlfriend —
who's quite bright really, when you
get to know her — as brutally sensuous.
Sean and Koco are hoping to join
forces some time next year to combine their talents in an ambitious
project which is as yet a well-
guarded secret. But insiders believe
that it might involve a papier mache
re-building of the UBC clock tower
artist hangs out her wash
She is planning, as her next project, to string 40,000 tampons
around a small town somewhere in
the state of Nebraska. Her previous
works of this nature have mainly
consisted of brightly colored
lighthouse cosies. But these works,
to resemble one of Mr. Sean Kwai's
favorite subjects, for which Miss
Koco La Pont may crochet her
largest cosy yet.
The boiler room Right-Now
show is on until the end of the day.
Don't miss it. Friday, March 26,1982
Page 7
Sex themes interest
American choreographer Margo
Sappington has created ballets
which are in the repetories of ballet
companies around the world. She
has worked in opera ballet and on
Broadway. She recently spent
several weeks in Vancouver mounting her modern ballet, Weewis, for
Pacific Ballet Theatre. It will be
presented in a program entitled City
Nights, April 8 to 10 at UBC Old
Your career in dance has been
very successful. Where did it begin?
I was brought up in Baytown,
Texas. I studied classical ballet as a
child and when I was about 14. I
went to high school in Houston
where I discovered that there was
more than classical dance. I had a
teacher named Camille Hill who
believed in dance as movement and
not as style. I learned from her how
to improvise, how to use drama in
As a teenager I struck up a
friendship with Robert Joffrey (of
New York's Joffrey Ballet). I took
class from him when he was in town
and he encouraged me. When I was
about to graduate from high school
he invited me to go to New York
and join his company. So I went
and was with him for two years.
I had an injury and spent a year
taking class and getting back into
shape. I met (Broadway
choreographer) Michael Bennett
and did two shows with him as a
dancer. I was his assistant, his
dance captain, and and understudy
to everybody.
He was asked to choreograph Oh
Calcutta and had me audition for it.
I was accepted into the cast but as
things worked out he decided not to
do it and recommended me as a
You were very young al the time.
I was 21. It was exhilarating. You
know, when you're 21 you feel like
you can do anything.
The thing is that it is not exactly
what I hoped it would be. One
reason I did it was just the excitement of doing it. Unfortunately I
was completely blind to the business
aspects and what the total product
was going to be.
In some ways it has turned out to
be very good for me and in some a
real nemesis. I cringe when I get
reviews which refer to me as Margo
"Oh Calcutta" Sappington. Fortunately that's beginning to drift
People know you most for works
like Oh Calcutta and Weewis which
deal with sexual themes. Is this a
I think people are interested in
sexual themes and that is why they
remember me for those works. For
the past three years I have been
working with the San Francisco
Opera. Opera ballet is opera ballet.
It's not about people maiking love
and interpersonal relationships. I
knew that Oh Calcutta was fading
into the past when people began to
know me because I did La Giocon-
da. They didn't know me because
of the other things but because 1 did
opera ballet.
What do you find interesting and
challenging after the success you've
I like to be presented with a problem. It's interesting to come to a
company   like    Pacific    Ballet
Theatre, not knowing anything
about them, and find out what they
can do and then come up with a
product in a short time.
How would you assess Pacific
Ballet after having worked with
They are very quick. They are
very good. The general public
thinks that a small company of 10
dancers can't possibly be as good as
a large company of 45. That's not
I think the smaller ones are more
interesting. In the large companies
there are a few principals and
soloists but for the rest it's just a
job like any other.
In the small companies no one
feels like a corps person. No one
gets pushed to the back. They all get
a chance to do a soloist's work.
Would you describe your ballet,
It was done first in the late '60s
and early '70s. It's a ballet about
relationships. It's about three
couples; friends, lovers and lovers
who are past the romantic stage,
you could almost say that the three
couples are aspects of one relationship. The ballet is structured in such
a way that you are introduced to
each one of the couples as each
resolves itself in some way.
I like to do works that touch on
something other than what only
those who are very knowledgable in
dance can relate to. You can express
something in dance the same way as
with a painting, sculpture or a play.
Because there are no words doesn't
make it less expressive. It doesn't
just have to be a work of beauty or
patterns. It can have dramatic content and tell a story too.
PACIFIC BALLET ... no one feels like a corps
Obsessional love:
Truffaut creates
a master fraud
of silly pretension
The time has come to seal the door on
Truffaut's creative coffin. The once-talented
Nouvelle Vague director, whose 400 Blows
laid the groundwork for a real "new wave"
in the '60's, has been slipping for the past few
years. The sad truth is that the auteur, the
director-philosopher-teacher, has become
pedantic, melodramatic, and surprisingly
unexhilirating. His latest film, The Woman
Next Door (La Femme d'a Cotte), is an
unrelentingly solemn and self-consciously important tract on obsessional love.
The Woman Next Door
Directed by Francois Truffaut
Starring Gerard Depardieu and
Fanny Ardant
Playing at the Ridge
At the heart of Truffaut's unintentionally
ridiculous film are two lovers, Bernard
Coudray (Gerard Depardieu) and Mathilde
Bauchard (Fanny Ardant), who separated
about eight years before the narrative begins.
They are now neighbours, much to Bernard's obvious discomfort — the poor boy
still loves her. What follows, as a new attachment grows into obsession and then insanity,
is pure melodrama, made worse by
Truffaut's infuriatingly serious treatment of
the subject.
One  need  only compare  Truffaut  with
fellow Cahiers du Cinema critic .and filmmaker Jean-Luc Godard to realize Truffaut's
sorry state. Not only is The Woman Next
Door ridiculous, it rings false at every moment. While Godard's political and
philosophical bent has grown nihilistic, and
humorously so, his technique has remained
consistently invigorating and e.xhilirating.
Godard's Every Man for Himself is a near
masterpiece; Truffaut's The Woman Next
Door is a master fraud.
The Woman Next Door may be one of the
few films about obsession that isn't compelling. Watching Bernard and Mathilde immersed in their passions — or what Truffaut feels
is passion — one can't help but reject these
Bernard and Mathilde are middle class
characters livir.g in the country; he's a technician, she's a writer of children's books and
an illustrator. What Truffaut tries to say is
that love can even effect these economically
stable characters who though they had "conquered" love and its destructive power.
What Truffaut has done to his characters
by keeping any secondary conflicts from
their lives is unforgivable. Bernard and
Mathilde's spouses are so forgiving and
understanding you'd think they had just
spent the last 10 years studying rationalism.
This contrasts the rationalistic outlook of the
characters with the passion smoldering
under Bernard and Mathilde. But there is no
reason to leave the audience out in the cold
by refusing to make Bernard and Mathilde's
story involving, much less comprehensible.
The Woman Next Door looks poetic, with
William Lubtchansky's brilliant color
photgraphy. Lubtchansky also shot
Godard's Every Man for Himself. But little
else about Truffaut's film is memorable.
Truffaut and longtime collaborators Suzanne
Schiffman and Jean Aurel have sabotaged
every move the characters make by giving
them pretenciously silly dialogue.
For example, after Mathilde's affair is
known to her spouse, the husband says,
"Men never understand love, they're
amateurs." Apparently, Truffaut expects
viewers to take such sentiments at face value,
without bothering to explain the comrrents.
When characters keep making blanket
statements about their personalities
everything they say sounds false because
there is nothing to back them up; the style is
as banal as the content.
In an interview with the New York Times,
Truffaut said, "Men know nothing about
love. They are always beginners. The heroine
is always the stronger . . . Women are professionals at love; men are the amateurs." The
director actually believes his own rhetoric.
Of The Woman Next Door, Truffaut says,
"I had the idea for the film for a long time,
the notion to what happens to two unhappy
lovers if they meet after a long separation.
But there was something too symmetrical
about it: two couples, with one obsessed
partner and one who is unaware.
"It was this fifth character that I needed."
Madame Jouve (Veronique Silver) is the
handicapped observer who narrates Bernard
and Mathilde's story as a flashback. When
the film begins, Madame Jouve plays games
with the camera-audience, consciously calling
attention to the fact that we are watching a
film. "You think I'm a tennis player?" she
asks, and then instructs the camera to pull
oack and reveal her handicap. It's as if she
were saying, "I'm going to narrate this story
on my terms, as a subjective experience."
(How else is one supposed to interpret a film
in which the camera responds to a character's
direct command?).
But Truffaut ignores his own narrative
structure. Having Madame Jouve as the narrator at the beginning and then filming the
narrative objectively goes contrary to
everything Truffaut has led the viewer to anticipate; there is nothing intrinsically wrong
with doing that, but if you're going to indicate a subjective narration, why not follow
up on it? Why not give us a few shots from
Madame Jouve's point of view, or even from
on of the lovers' point of view?
If Truffaut thought he was avoiding a neat
symmety by introducing Madame Jouve as a
fifth character, he was wrong. What Madame
Jouve represents is an earlier version of
Mathilde. Madame Jouve once tried to commit suicide, just as Mathilde has, we're told.
The similarities between the two stories, one
past, one present, are so close, that Truffaut
has set up a pat narrative parallel without fully realizing the consequences of his action.
When characters begin to articulate complex emotions formalistically, there is
nothing to indicate that Truffaut doesn't
want us to accept these comments at face
value. Characters in The Woman Next Door
speak as if they were leftovers from the play
actors were rehearsing in Truffaut's The Last
Metro; the Woman Next Door's dialogue
belongs on the stage, not on the screen.
In The Last Metro, Truffaut showed
himself capable of sustaining a narrative,
even if he did back away from important
questions about the relationship between art
and politics during times of political repression. The Woman Next Door doesn't even
have a strong narrative.
Jean-Luc Godard has said that films
should have a beginning, a middle, and aa
end, but not necessarily in that order. In The
Woman Next Door, Mathilde says to Bernard, "You make me feel miserable. Why
must an affair have a beginning, middle and
an end?" As if answering to Godard's statement, Truffaut has patterned Bernard and
Mathild's affair into a linear narrative.
It's not that Truffaut doesn't have any
strong points — some of Ardant's close-ups
and shots without dialogue are highly effective — but the director is fond of tackling
subjects that seem important to him, but to
nobody else. And it's not just that Truffaut
doesn't have anything new to say; he has no
new way of saying it. As Godard said of his
former colleague, "(He) was once a good
critic ... He is now making films he used to
destroy as a critic." Page 8
Friday, Ms
Map of the Body:
art over accuracy
There was a time when a person
could be a poet and mathematician,
philosopher and astronomer,
chemist, painter, surgeon,
dramatist — and still store all her or
his knowledge between two dusty
book covers.
Five centuries and a micro-chip
revolution later, the studies of arts
and sciences are irreparably severed
into two antagonistic impulses: to
interpret a vision or document a
fact. The UBC fine arts gallery pays
tribute to our more compatible past
with Maps of the Body, an exhibition Of anatomical illustrations
through the last five centuries.
Maps of the Body
UBC Fine Arts Gallery
March 3 to April 2, 1982
Yet the term "illustration" is too
coldly factual to evoke the powerful
emotion of these early woodcuts,
engravings and lithographs. Here
the artistic impulse overcomes accuracy; the cadavers are envisioned
as victims in gruesomely tortured
contortions, as thought the scientist
could not ultimately maintain professional objectivity while his
textual notes and pointers
methodically ripped open the flesh
of his own likeness.
One method of avoiding this vexing identification was to draw an
anatomical figure with only the
barest ressemblance to fact, a
method which created eerily grinning corpses eeking exotic organs,
strangely anticipating the profundity of surrealism.
Leonardo de Vinci, here
celebrated in his capacity as master
draftsman, was the first artist to be
guided    by   scientific   observation
rather than imaginative fancy. Extraordinarily textured muscles ripple across the manuscript, sinews
seem to stretch, bones to bend and
nerves to tingle — he was the first
dissector to correctly document the
curve of the human spine, a vision
as evocative as the mysterious curve
of Mona Lisa's lips.
By the seventeenth century, the
science of anatomical drawings confined art to the background, literally. The intricately dissected figures
of Andrea Vesalius are incongruously posed against a genteel
Paduan countryside; one skeletal
Hamlet muses pensively over a skull
interchangeable with his own.
The eighteenth century's Bernard
Seigfried Albinus dispenses with
even this minimal cultural context,
drawing mathematically precise
figures against a sterile grid.
In a series of drawings which progressively strip down a human
figure from flesh to bone, the
muscles and organs methodically
sliced away, he gives absolutely no
suggestion of the earlier vulnerable
horror; no recognition of a common humanity penetrates through
this minute documentation of
physical mechanics. Add colour
(blue for the veins and red for the
arteries) and paradoxically, the
drawings become less artistic interpretations than uniform documentations, illustrations not creations
of human structure, not nature.
In the midst of the Maps of the
Body display sits a human skeleton
entombed in glass to remind us
what fact is, and comparing this
fact with five centuries of attempts
to draw it, one realizes that we
might have gained in objective accuracy, but we certainly have lost
the imaginative power of mystery.
Feminist Near blends
emotion and politics
Holly Near, a feminist singer and
songwriter, delivered a sensitive
performance Friday night at the Orpheum in which she displayed an inspiring emotional and political
Near weaves together music and
politics without being dogmatic.
Her lyrics describe the anger people
threatened by nuclear disaster feel,
the pain women living in a male-
dominated society suffer, and the
alienation gay and lesbian people
experience. Her songs are both
soothing and powerful, drawing an
emotive response from the crowd.
As she stood on the stage surrounded by plants and flowers, the
auburn haired singer appeared casual and relaxed. Near was at home
with her audience. A sense of peace
pervaded the theatre.
The California-born singer began
her performance with Fire in the
Rain, a moving song about a
stormy relationship. Her rich soprano voice pacified the audience.
Near's feminist insight expressed
itself in a song about war, Foolish
Notion. It "talks about what a
strange concept it is to kill ourselves
when we have such precious lives,"
says Near. The largely female audience sang along.
She stepped up the pace with the
energetic Ain't Nowhere We Can
Run, dedicated to anti-nuclear activists. This was followed by the
popular Fight Back, a song which
urges action against violence towards women.
Near sang We Are A Gentle, Angry People, inviting all members of
the audience to sing the verse We
Are Gay and Lesbian People regardless of sexual preference. A
feeling of solidarity spread through
the crowd as women, men and
children sang and cheered.
But even though she dealt with
serious topics, her performance was
not lacking in humor. She told stories about her high school years, and
talked amiably between songs. She
conveyed charisma, confidence and
She sang the Judy Garland
classic, Somewhere Over the Rainbow, and a track from her upcoming album, Different From Me. Her
songs injected a reflective mood in
the audience.
Accompanying Near on piano
was songwriter Adrienne Torf, who
has been Near's partner for two
years and is co-arranging the album
due in September. Torf played a
powerful solo, adding an instrumental touch to the evening's performance. Carrie Barton, whom
Near described as the "funk in the
band," joined the two on bass.
Susan Masters translated the songs
into sign language for the deaf.
At the end of the concert Near received a standing ovation. The
audience left the theatre feeling inspired and stirred by the feminist
RITA JOE . . . play studies harsh life of native women in city
Little ecstasy in Rita Joe's sad, tin
There is little ecstasy in the story
of Rita Joe. A young native woman
has come to the city where the pavement hurt her feet. Her life becomes
a street scene from the corner of
Main and Hastings, or any such
corner in Winnipeg or Edmonton.
Rita Joe doesn't stand a chance.
Her fate is presided over by a paternalistic court judge who represents
White Canada. She is the legacy of
the fallen Native — a modern, urban legacy.
George Ryga wrote this play in
1967. It has been staged many times
across the country but this production is the second time all the native
parts are being played by Indians.
It is not a wholly successful effort
but is worth seeing. The woman
who plays Rita Joe, Margo Kane, is
by herself an event  in Canadian
theatre. She is all that Ryga could
have imagined Rita Joe to be.
Jaimie Paul (Tom Jackson) is
almost her stage equal. His good
natured macho naivete is first defined and then tragically smashed by
an overwhelming alientation from
white society.
The Ecstasy of Rita Joe
By George Ryga
Directed by Gordon McCall
Playing at the Vancouver East
Cultural Centre
Through this pair Ryga makes a
simple point loudly: there is no
justice for the dislocated Indian.
Beyond that, the play does not have
a lot to say. And perhaps, fifteen
years later, a little more is needed.
Rita Joe and Jaimie Paul are
characters in struggle, mostly one
of survival. But they do not repre
sent any vision of promise and i
the end are both swept away i
defeat. There is little doubt tha
there are many of defeated Nativ
people around, but that is not a
unfamiliar image to white people
In fact that is about all white societ
That is not to say the play, pai
ticularly this production, is a
unimportant reminder. That we ar
all in some way responsible for th
oppressive periphery in which ou
society entraps Native people is
point that is well established. As an
dience we are all Rita Joe's unsyrr
pathetic accusers (this highlited i
the second act with the inventiv
technique of flashlight carrier
throwing challenges from all coi
ners of the theatre.
A white well-to-do audience ma THE    UBYSSEY
Page 9
Book bites the biggest firm
In writing about the Bell system
of telephone companies, Sonny
Kleinfield wisely steers clear of an
all-encompassing profile of the telephone monopoly. Instead he randomly pokes away at The Biggest
Company on Earth.
The result is a Fantastic Voyage
through the bloodstream of a company that employs over a million
people, has three million shareholders, and telephone equipment installed in almost every building in
the U.S. The proportions of the
American Telephone and Telegraph
company surpass any other corporate organism one can think of.
With assets of $114 billion, annual
profits of $6 billion, and the probability of continued future
growth, AT and T is clearly unique.
The Biggest Company on Earth:
a profile of AT and T
By Sonny Kleinfield
Holt, Rinehart and Winston
280 pages, $19.95 hardcover
Kleinfield, faced with an enormous task, decides to pick and
choose his way through the maze of
corporate jargon, and masses of
telephone company employees. He
maintains a totally unbiased point
of view as our guide through this
monolithic inferno, choosing to reveal but not judge his subject. The
book provides something for both
the satisfied customer wanting to
know more about the phone company, and the suspicious activist
looking for more reasons to hate
the company.
AT and T executives and various
pro-company employees tell the
story of a company that can only
offer good service if it is large. The
bigger the company the better the
service. They explain that despite its
immense size, AT and T has more
contact with its customers than any
other corporation.
They point to the high standards
of service offered by operators, service personnel and administrators,
the low cost and the constant improvements implemented by the designers and manufacturers of telephone equipment.
The other side argues that the
company, unlike its recent competitors, does not respond to customer
needs, unfairly protects its monopoly, and pressures local groups into
approving rate increases without
justifying them. They further point
out that, while At and T treats loyal
employees well, it requires absolute
subservience in return. Those who
can't meet production quotas lose
their jobs quickly.
This duality of opinion about the
Bell system is due partly to the faci
that no outsiders realize its size, anc
so  few  people  really  understanc
:     what they're talking about. Klein
j     field answers some questions, anci
gives a quick survey. But when all
'     the questions are answered it seems
that nothing changes. Those who
disliked AT and T hate it, and those
;     who were satisfied with the com
pany love it. Shareholders especial •
;    ly love it.
;        For a company as large as AT
and T, the administration is run on
fairly simple lines. Each of the 22
operating companies in the U.S. an:
:    run independently from head of -
:    fice. But head office chooses who
i     runs the operating companies. The
l    board of directors issues policy di-
i    rectives,   but   allows   the   smallc
i    companies to work with little interference   within   those   guidelines.
Surprisingly, the company's chair is
relatively accessible to the public.
His home phone number is listed in
the book. Even if no heed is taken
of people's concerns, the impression nurtured is that the public has
input into Bell's decisions.
And if Kleinfield is to be believed, Bell workers at all levels are
concerned about what the public
thinks. From the technicians in AT
and T's mammoth Bell Laboratories, to the people who install house
phones, the attitude is the same:
give the customers what they want.
Yet by the end of The Biggest Company on Earth one realizes that the
company, not the public, decides
what the customer wants. As the benign dictator of telephones, AT and
T, while providing good service to
many, stifled the very innovations it
now proudly boasts. Competition,
Kleinfield tells us, brought about a
radical shift in Bell's way of doing
And the story is told of the small
companies driven out of the telephone business because Bell can win
any price war by subsidizing cheap
services or equipment until the rival
folds. If that is not enough, Kleinfield relates instances of Bell branch
companies influencing local town
councils to approve rate hikes by
plying them with Bell-paid holidays
and feasts.
It isn't difficult, after reading
about the potential for abuse in
phone company monopolies, to realize the value — even necessity —
of regulatory boards to keep the
company in line.
Company supporters return
again and again to the point that,
while there exists the potential for
abuse, AT and T has kept its hands
clean. Any indiscretions are caused
by overzealous employees, who in
their wish to serve tire public, get
carried away. "These are
reasonable men," we are told.
And while the reasonable men
manipulate billions of dollars in
phone bills, stock options and the
like, the employees face the endless
monotony of answering the phones.
The female-dominated operator
area of the company works under
strict, unbending rules. Operators
are secretly monitored for speed
and accuracy by supervisors. An
operator is expected to answer the
phone politely in three seconds, and
to dispense with the average call in a
set time, sometimes in less than half
a minute. Slow operators are monitored even more closely.
Operators are
secretly monitored
for speed, politeness
What Kleinfield could not be expected to discover in his hit-and-
miss tour of AT and T is the dispensation of company drugs to employees. Mother Jones magazine found
AT and T doctors were dispensing
tranquillizers and pep pills indiscriminately. One employee told of a
permanent stash of green pills sept
by the water fountain for employees' unmonitored use. This practise
was meant to improve production.
Despite what the company feels is
excellent service for a reasonable
price, the cry for breaking the monopoly has been heard in Washington. Kleinfield mentions the largest
anti-trust suit ever filed — against
AT and T. After The Biggest Com
pany on Earth was published the
U.S. government and AT and T settled out of court, with the phone
company agreeing to spin off its operating companies (with assets of
$80 billion) and the government allowing Bell to get into the lucrative
communications business, long
dominated by another giant, International Business Machines Corp.
The Bell's system's vertical integration has long been its prize.
Owning everything from research
labs to manufacturing plants to the
long distance phone company. Bell
has been able to control every aspect of personal communications in
the U.S. Now, with each of the operating companies a separate entity,
the Bell chain is broken.
Kleinfield's book tells the story of a
monolith that will cease to exist in
18 months.
The new AT and T story will be
fascinating, well worth a new book
to chronicle the clash of the super-
companies in the computer field.
Bell's immense research facilities
(which invented the transistor) will
be unleashed upon a new area. But
IBM, which designed the first computers, has a big lead over any of its
competitors — even AT and T.
One shudders to think that a
company as large as AT and T ever
evolved. AT and T's annual revenue rivals the gross national products of all but a score of countries.
Yet with all this power come limitations. The Biggest Company on
Earth describes a company with enormous wealth and power reduced
to asking its customers, through
regulatory bodies, for even the most
miniscule rate increases. Whether
or not you like the phone company,
its story makes fascinating reading.
Intensity was astonishing
Norman Krieger, in his Sunday
piano recital, astonished the audience with the intensity of his interpretations.
Playing in the Arts Club Theater
in a Vancouver Recital Society concert, Krieger played Beethoven's
op. 31 no. 2 Sonata and Prokofiev's
Sonata op. 82 no. 6 with
metronomic relentlessness. And
yet, Krieger's control of dynamic
nuances was exciting for most of
the two works.
The Prokofiev sonata in particular is a craggy, violent work,
which Krieger played with some of
the relentless, terrifying inevitability
of a military march, somewhat in
the mood of Mars from Hoist's
Such interpretations are boring
because of the exact repetition of
the beat, but Krieger maintained interest by subtly shading dynamic accents, ,a little louder here, a little
softer there, to capitalize on his
mechanically   perfect   rhythm.
In some of the more cantabile
sections this came off less well,
especially in the Beethoven, but
Krieger's playing was never less
than interesting.
The second half of the program
was utterly different: Chopin,
Liszt, Rachmaninoff and Tchaikovsky played with the wise tempo
changes and rubatos of the great
romantics of the past. Again
Krieger displayed a deeply felt and
carefully thought sense of just how
much to delay a resolution or rush a
phrase to wring the greatest intensity from it.
But   most   evident   of   all   was
Krieger's enormous bravura
strength. In the Liszt Dante Sonata,
an incredibly banal piece of music,
Krieger managed to keep the audience's attention by grabbing
Liszt's absurdly monstrous chords
by their throats and blasting them
out over an amazed audience, spell
bound    by   the   sheer   force   of
Krieger's assault.
Tremendously exciting, though
perhaps not as profound as an older
pianist (Krieger is a mere 25 years
old), Krieger staged a memorable
performance through the intensity
of his individuality.
NORMAN KRIEGER . . . relentless pianist Page 10
Who is subverting whc
American governments have a
habit of blaming the world's problems on the evil designs of "communists." But the Reagan administration has reached new
heights of irrationality and brutality.
In their self-appointed role as
protector of the free world against
the communist conspiracy, Reagan
and his henchmen have continuously pointed the finger at the
Soviets while ignoring their own
This is especially true in respect
to Central America.
American   interference   in   and
domination of the affairs of the
people of Central and Latin America
dates back to the early 1800s. The
simple fact that the Americans have
refused to relinquish their hold over
the region accounts for the
dramatic rise in revolutionary
movements there.
American multinational corporations have built profits on the backs
of an abused and repressed people.
When Latin Americans rebelled
against their Washington-
sponsored governments, the CIA or
the marines were sent to put a stop
to it. Then as now, the turmoil was
blamed on "communist elements."
It is ironic that a nation claiming
to uphold all the virtues of
democracy and freedom is the
same nation that is responsible for
the repression and murder of
millions of people. And the only
way they can away with it is to continue the myth that the problems
are all caused by communist attempts to "infiltrate our sphere of
This line of thinking lies at the
root of the problem. Who are the
Americans to think they have a
divine right to "control" Latin
America? Just because the Soviet
Union represses people in Eastern
Europe does not give the U.S. the
right to repress people in Latin
Yet Reagan and Haig continue
with their lie that the Soviets are
behind the conflict in El Salvador,
in I
Life-threatening sport a scr
It is because of this Modern Age,
with its ample leisure time and its
emphasis on fitness, that the really
Modern Person is anxious to find a
pursuit which provides complete fitness in an enjoyable way.
I freestyle j
ll is (his desire for a comple(e activity which leads sane people to
embrace life-threatening sports.
Suddenly, people are running
through the fumes of rush hour
traffic, believing that i( is good for
the heart.
Suddenly, otherwise down-to-
earth people are jumping off cliffs
and oui of planes, supported only
by flimsy nylon. Others are beating
their soft flesh against solid bricks
in an effort to prove lhat the mind
can conquer matter.
There is no need to endanger life
in order to fill this need for a total
experience. There is, happily, an activity which provides relaxation and
fitness with absolutely no danger.
It is quite inexpensive, and as it
requires no experience or athletic
ability, it is within the reach of the
most inept, lt is called Beginners
Yodelling or 'Sno Fun.
There are no particular rules except that the beginner, or rookie,
should desire lo learn the art of yodelling and that the lessons take
place on a snow-covered mountain.
The   procedure   contains   several
phases, all of which develop the
rookies' lungs and vocal cords and
prepare them for the actual yodelling lesson. The lesson itself is the
last of five enjoyable phases.
All necessary equipment will be
cheerfully supplied by more seasoned performers at the base of the
mountain. They, of course, know
just what the rookies need. First,
the rookies' feet are encased in
heavy, stiff boots and then the
boots are securely fastened onto
long, thin metal slats. Finally, two
metal sticks are hung from the
rookies' wrists.
The actual yodelling lesson, or
phase five, takes place at the top of
the mountain, lt is on their way to
the top that the rookies participate
in the preliminary activities which
are designed to create the sort of
mental attitude necessary for good
The first is Musical Chairs. The
chairs are supplied by the sports
area as a convenient method of getting up to the mountain top.
The goal of this game is to manoeuvre your slats and sticks through
a line of other players who will
obligingly position their slats and
sticks so as to hinder your progress.
Then you must gain a seat on one of
the quickly moving chairs without
being knocked over. If you are
knocked down the other players are
entitled to laugh, point and address
you with humorous comments.
To make the game more amusing
you can try to steal someone else's
chair or to stab another player with
your sticks. These extra diversions
help develop lung power and voice
strength, which are essential for
good yodelling.
The second activity or game takes
place in conjunction with musical
chairs. It is called Dominoes. One
player in the line suddenly falls over
and, if the fall is planned well, the
entire line will topple like dominoes.
Great fun and more vocal exercises result as players try to untangle
their slats and bodies from the
heap. More experienced players, of
course, will be able to topple the
line without falling themselves.
Once completing the first two activities, the rookies can plan their
strategy for the next game: Demolition Derby. This game takes place
when you get off the moving chair.
You must stand up on your slats
and move down a ramp, similar to a
washboard. Usually there will be
several other players stationed at
various   points   down   the   ramp, sti
either sitting or lying down. The thi
derby champion is the player who
can destroy the most slats and sticks ro<
belonging to other players. ab
The last activity before the yodel- co
ling  lesson  is  Snow   Bowling.  At ou
least two players must take part, to
one being the bowling ball, or klutz, ov
and the others the pins. The klutz "v
waits until the pins are not looking bh
and then slides and rolls into them, str
knocking over as many as possible, pa
Once all the preliminaries are finished, the rookies will no doubt thi
have extremely powerful lungs and Mi
vocal cords, and will be in the Right co
Frame of Mind. Now they are ready inj
for phase five, the yodelling lesson. gi\
The rookies are positioned at the —
top of a steep incline, preferably
one covered with enormous bumps stc
and ice patches. They are then told of
that the only way to get down the op
mountain   is   to   manoeuvre  their so.
3% '" '
'God save us from
March 26, 1962
Published Tuesdays, Thursdays and Fridays throughout
tha university year by the Alma Mater Society of the
University of B.C. Editorial opinions ara those of tha
staff and not of tha AMS or the university administration. Member, Canadian University Press. The
Ubyssey's editorial office is in room 241k of tha Student
Union Building. Editorial departments, 228-2301; Advertising, 228-3977.
"Boy, are Joan B. Stuchner and Arnold Hedstrom going to gat shit today when a certain
person reede thia rag," Glen Sanford told Shaffin Shariff and Corinna Sundararajan. "Yaa,
but our parody quotient waa getting low," Craig Brooks bellowed to Eric Eggertson. Muriel
Draaisma and Brian Jones. "I just don't want to be in the office when you-know-who turns
up," said Laurence Panych, Mark Attisha and Kerry Regier. Nancy Campbell thought the parson concerned would take in all good, clean, honest fun, but Mark Hyphen Leiren Hyphen
Young Maybe wasn't so sure. What tha hell, only two more issues to go, anyway. Live, eat
and be drunk, for tomorrow we will surely die.
Open letter to the Trotskyist
It has always puzzled me why
your organization does not realize
its ideological kinship with one of
its purported enemies, the KKK.
Although there are some minor
discrepancies between your respective choices of oppressed groups
and scapegoats, the similarities in
methods, tactics, and goals between
you both are truly astounding.
To begin with, you both love to
turn living, breathing, complex
human beings into simple
stereotypes. People are reduced to
"niggers" and "chinks," or "imperialists" and "oppressors." Of
course, doing this makes encouraging your members to ridicule, hate,
and eventually murder people who
oppose you a lot easier. Stereotyping eliminates the need for inconvenient and time-consuming thought.
Both of you have also eliminated
that confusing fine line between
fact and opinion. No longer is it
necessary for your members to
search for the truth; you just
assume that your version of it is
correct. Understanding world
events then becomes a much simpler
task. You need only fit the facts to
your opinion. A case in point is the
sum total of Trotskyist propaganda. In your letter to The Ubyssey
March 23, (Military, not political
end to El Salvador war), you stated
that ten years ago the "New Left"
chanted "Two, three, many Viet-
nams!" I, on the contrary, recall
peace marches, anti-war
demonstrations and Joan Baez
leading us in song to end the
destruction. Your flagrant
disregard of the facts are likely an
asset much coveted by the KKK.
Both of you also have only dandy
case of paranoia. Each seems to be
looking over its shoulder in search
of a supposedly ever-present enemy
plotting its demise. Nurturing a
constant fear of those who oppose
you no doubt makes it easier to
justify a need for military readiness.
To be fair, creating a "shoot or be
shot" mentality is not your invention, but you must accept credit for
refining it into an extreme art form.
Who else would be crazy enough to
yo Friday, March 26,1982
Page 11
Protest for
The so-called elections in El
Salvador are happening this Sun-
,day. On Saturday people all over
the world will be protesting what is
essentially a propaganda fraud initiated by the United States.
In Vancouver we will be calling
attention to the complicity of Canadian foreign policy in its "ac-
quiesence" to the designs of Al
Haig and the Pentagon.
The line indeed must be drawn in
Central America. It is the
emergence of an unabashed and ill-
disguised fascism which the world
community must here address.
As young people we have a stake
in the struggles of the Salvadoran
people. The only domino theory
that applies is the fact of military
viciousness being allowed to run
wild across South and Central
America. The threat to our future
comes not from popular insurrections in the third world but from the
paranoid mentality of American
political leaders who would defend
genocide in the name of protecting
the free world.
In El Salvador the opposition
forces are calling for peace negotiations as they continue holding their
military strength in a civil war situation. The first step in any peace process must be the recognition of the
FDR/FMLN as a legitimate
representative group of the
Salvadoran people.
On Saturday this is the demand
that will be put forward in
demonstrations around the world.
We are hoping for a large student
presence at the rally in Vancouver.
We have an important contribution
to make in rebuilding people's
movements against militarism and
U.S. imperalism.
Welcome to the eighties. The rally begins at 12 noon at Victory
Square (Cambie and Hastings) and
will march to Robson Square.
UBC Latin American
Support Committee
For some silly reason The
Ubyssey publishes letters from
members of the university community and occasionally from drug-
crazed hippies reliving their student
radical days. We make an effort to
print everything, but racist and sexist slurs or mindless rambles will be
subject to severe editing or will not
be printed.
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Monday Nights PmyWhmtYouCmn
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V— is for vim, vigor, vitality
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June 30 to July 31
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June 29 to August 1
Je desire recevoir les renseignements
I would like to receive more information
Service d'education permanente
Service for Continuing Education
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Ottawa, Ontario    K1N 6N5    Tel.: (613) 231-4263
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B.C. Director Youl, be glad youcame!
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881 granville       Occasional violence; some     JJAJ  ,!„ kJt~> 1 A. JL W . j
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coarse language and swear- cicev   V—»
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lowtimes: 7:00, 9:15, plus 2 p.m. Sat.-Sun.
CAMBIE at 18th
COCHCTAL) warning: MIKttMS ^y|l_
224 3730 Occasional swearing. B.C. Direc-
4375   W. 10th tor
cu     ■        „■«-,«,  Q^n PETER U6TINOV
Showtimes: Varsity, 7:30, 9:40; ..r^-^-ir- c. „t, ,
70 7 w.broadway   Broadway 7:00 9:20 MAGGIE 6MITM
8741927                               "
\ 70 7   W   BROADWAY
WARNING: Some gory violence.
B.C. Director
7:35, 9:35
224 3730
4375   W.  10th
An opera (in Russian) Sunday only at 2 p.m. Page 12
Friday, March 26,1982
Well, the weekend has finally arrived. Mid-terms are over,
assignments handed in, readings
done. Yep, it's a weekend to gel
bombed, stoned or for those of you
who wish to preserve your grey matter, to meditate.
For starters, an excellent film
about El Salvador will be shown
tonight at the Carnegie Centre,
Main and Hastings streets, at 7:30
p.m. Admission is $2. The film is
called El Salvador: The People Will
Win and it traces the history of the
FDR-FMLN   up   to   the   current
If Latin America doesn't suit
your fancy, Pixote and Jean-Luc
Godard's Every Man For Himself
are playing till Sunday at the Vancouver East Cinema. Curtain call is
7:30 p.m. and price is $3.50. Our
film critic says they're both i good
Ubyssey staff people only speak the
At the Vancouver East Cultural
Centre, a Dlav about native Indians,
The Ecstasy of Rita Joe, is being
Wash, cut, dry, Wash, cut, dry,
$14.   l-tegr-m $18.   -f-teg^$£L
with presentation of this ad.
Expires April 20,  ,982
5736 UNIVERSITY BLVD. 228-1471
(in the Village next to the Lucky Dollar Store)
staged Saturday night — quick, not
much room left — check out a
benefit dance at the West End community centre, 870 Denman.
Tickets are $5 for unemployed and
$7 for employed. Band is
Reconstruction. Money raised will
go to the Salvadoran Women's
Association. Advance tickets can be
obtained at Octopus East & West,
Women's Bookstore and Ariel
Books. Dance for democracy and
the death of all juntas!
Or if you're poor like me, just
stay in bed all weekend.
1110 Seymour St
Lakehead 09 University
The School of Business Administration welcomes
applications for its one year Graduate Diploma
Programme, from persons holding any Non-Business,
Bachelor's Degree.
This Diploma is a recognized management qualification
by itself, or leads to advanced standing in many M.B.A.
Lakehead University offers small class sizes, varied
instructional   methods, and high academic standards.
A limited number of $2,000 and $1,000 scholarships
will be awarded to exceptional applicants.
For further information contact:
School of Business Administration
Lakehead University
Thunder Bay, Ontario
Why are
a valuable
Canada is rich in resources. But our most
precious resource is our skilled workers.
Right now, there are jobs in Canada which
can't be filled because we're short of people
with the right skills in the trades and new
technologies. More and more, finding the right
person for a job means finding the man or
woman with the right training.
At Employment and Immigration we're
creating a new National Training Program to
assist in on-the-job and classroom training in
the skills Canadian industry needs now, and in
these women such
Canadian resource?
the future. Part of our program provides
training for women in non-traditional jobs.
The rewards are great because training in
priority skills is a key to job security in the
I98()'s. And more women are entering the
trades each year. Last year over 22,000 women
took part in on-the-job training. Thousands
more benefitted from training in the technologies and other career areas.
That's an investment in Canada's skilled
work force. It's an investment in Canadian
industry. And it's an investment that helps
Canada work.
For a copy of the booklet
"Are we ready to change?"
write:   "CHANGE"
Ottawa, Ontario  KIA 0J9
Helping Canada Work.
Employment and
Immigration Canada
Lloyd Axworthy, Minister
Emploi et
Immigration Canada
Lloyd Axworthy, Ministre
Canada Friday, March 26,1982
Page 13
Bus fares jump 25 per cent
Monthly bus passes for lower
mainland post secondary students
will jump in price to $30 from the
current $22 starting in May.
The Greater Vancouver Regional
District board of directors voted
Wednesday to increase all fares by
an average of 25 per cent April 1.
Adults fares will jump to 75 cents
from the current 60 cents.
University and college students
come out worse, as the current $2
monthly reduction for post secondary bus passes will be stopped.
"Under the present structure (the
discount) won't exist anymore,"
GVRD marketing administrator
William Ellwyn said Thursday.
"Maybe come September there
will be a change in the farecard (bus
pass) system that might accomodate
some such reduction," he added.
Ellwyn said April bus passes will
remain at the old price of $22 due to
the timing of the GVRD board's
decision. "There were time constraints to deal with," he said.
This makes the April pass a very
good deal, according to SUB ticket
centre supervisor Su Langlois. "It's
a good deal, you better believe it,"
she said.
Students should consider whether
the April pass would still be worth it
Ellwyn said. People may not take
enough rides during April to make
the pass a savings, despite the
higher fare, he said.
People who never have had z, fare
card before would have to get a $2
photographic identity card as well,
he added.
One student interviewed Wednesday said he would resort to hitchhiking, rather than pay the new
"I live at Tenth and Alma, it's
not worth it," said the student, who
declined to be identified.
Fares for secondary students will
rise to 35 cents from 30, while
senior citizen and children will pay
30 cents, up from 20 cents.
The transit system last increased
the fares two years ago, when the
price rose to 60 cents from 50. Six
years ago the fare was 25 cents.
The current fare system, which
enables anyone to ride in the greater
Vancouver area for one price, has
been attacked recently by several
civic groups, including Vancouver
city council.
Vancouver riders are subsidizing
suburban commuters, the groups
Muslims can't
«• •
Muslim countries cannot
with the modern world, a representative of the Israeli government said
David Ariel, Consul General of
Israel, told 60 people in Buchanan
223 that the Islamic concept of
justice and power are incompatible
with western ideology.
"We should not use the word
moderate when we talk of Saudi
Arabia," he said. "These terms are
worthless when we reach an
understanding of the role of
Ariel said Wahabism, the type of
Sunni Islam practiced in Saudi
Arabia, emphasizes the omnipotence of God and gives nothing
to man's efforts and creativity.
"Where Islam is practiced this
way, we are faced with an ideology
that cannot contend with the
modern world. The problem the
Saudis face in the modern world is
matched with the problem we have
when dealing with the Arab
world," he said.
The final vision of Salafiyanism,
the most revolutionary type of
Shi'ite Islam, is a God-fearing
totalitarian state that controls all
human affairs, Ariel said.
Libya is the last bastion of
Salafiyanism, he said.
"Khadafi believes in a
totalitarian concept of Islam where
there is no room for non-Muslims."
According to Ariel, the late
Egyptian president Anwar Sadat
started out as a fascist but eventually became a profound statesman
totally opposed to religious intervention in the running of state.
With Islam, government and
religion are fused, he said.
Ariel referred to Britain's
apology to Saudi Arabia in 1983 for
the movie Death of a Princess:
"Coming to terms with this
ideology (Islam) means we should
all follow the ways of a country that
sends apologies to Saudi Arabia, a
country that is basically inherently
weak and must pay political ransom
with its neighbors."
The major problem with the
Muslims is their inability to relate to
others, he said.
There is no word for compromise in Arabic."
- craig brooks photo
THINK NO EVIL, speak no evil, hear no evil, do no evil, AMS general manager Charles Redden (left), and executive members (right to extreme right) James Hollis, Cynthia Southard and Cliff Stewart promise council
members. Student politicos and bureaucrat were repenting for oast sins inflicted on society between council
meetings. "Everything goes tickity boo," while council isn't around Hollis said. "These meetings bore me," said
Southard. Stewart, in position of no power, sat back waiting for president Dave Frank to die, so he could take
power. Redden said nothing to Ubyssey reporter.
Event guideline committee slammed, praised
A student council committee to
set guidelines for SUB events came
under attack at Wednesday night's
Jay McKeown, Liberal club past
president, criticized committee
chair Charles Menzies for not
allowing discussion on whether or
not any guidelines should be
established at all.
Instead, Menzies was "high
handed, and quite insulting,"
McKeown said. Discussion was terminated when topics didn't please
Menzies, he said.
Council struck the committee
after the engineering undergraduate
society held a whipped cream
wrestling contest in SUB.
EUS president Rich Day said
Menzies was controlling what was
discussed. "Half the people got
railroaded away (from discussing
CITR makes waves
Vancouver got some new waves Monday.
CITR, UBC's long forgotten radio station, started testing its first
full FM transmitter Monday morning. The station will be broadcasting on FM 102 from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. for the next few days to try
out the new equipment, CITR engineer Rick Anderson said Monday.
The test period is designed to find problems in the equipment,
check for signal strengths and find any interferences with other stations.
A problem occurred Wednesday, when the power supply failed,
Anderson said.
"The coverage (of the signal) is better than expected," Anderson
said. "We are very happy." Anderson said the station is "well on the
way" to its predicted April 1 official start.
CITR is currently trying to determine how well its signal is being
received in various Vancouver locations, Anderson said.
Some listeners are complaining about a Victoria French station
and New Westminster's CFMI affecting their reception Anderson
People can phone CITR at 228-3017 to report on their reception.
CITR was granted the last available low power FM license in Vancouver by the Canadian Radio Television and Telecommunications
Commission in May. /
anything)," he said.
Arts representative Jon Gates
said the complainers were not willing to work within the committee's
mandate, as established by council.
He said council had already
established that such guidelines
should exist.
Home economics spokesperson
Laurelle Nelson said people were
not allowed to express opinions in a
"open and free manner" at the
committee meetings. Not enough
input from the campus community
had been solicited she said.
Council passed a motion requiring the committee to properly
choose a chair, after Menzies, an
arts representative on council, admitted to "just assuming" the
Council will debate the proposed
guidelines at its April 7 meeting.
•      *      *
Canada should be a nuclear free
country, student council decided
"The (peace) movement has
reached a critical mass," Gary Marchant, spokesperson for the UBC
students for peace and mutual
disarmament told council. "Vancouver is the hot spot of Canada's
peace movement."
AMS vice president Cliff Stewart
told council his Comox home is
"only 1,000 yards from the bunker
where they hold them (nuclear
weapons). I sure hope they get
rid of them."
Finance director James Hollis
abstained on the motion, calling it
*     *     •
Council condemned the layoff of
45 women and one man in physical
plant as "discriminatory."
Grad studies representative Bill
Tieleman said the layoffs were based on classification, rather than
seniority. "The jobs terminated
were a category which is 87 per cent
women," he said.
Council made appointments to
university presidential advisory
Student representatives, to the
president's committees on concerns
of the disabled, food services,
men's athletics, United Way and
youth employment program were
Council   chose   mostly   non-
council members for the positions.
*     *      *
Grant "tiny" Sutton, science
undergraduate society president,
was formally congratulated by
council on the occasion of his 23rd
Council sang happy birthday to
the 340 pound Sutton, but failed to
carry out a motion to thank him in
the library pond.
Instructors demand probe
Canadian University Press
Instructors at the B.C. Institute
of Technology are demanding an
inquiry into the management of
finances by the institutes administrators and board of governors.
And while the resolution of the
staff society's Mar. 24 closed door
meeting was "clearly one step
beyond a non-confidence motion,"
according to staff society president
Kent Yakel, it was a step back from
a proposed call to place the institute
in trusteeship.
A 1978 motion of non-confidence
in BCIT president Gordon Thom
still stands, but the call to place the
institute in trusteeship, launched
last week by the staff society executive, could have replaced Thom
and the board of governors with
one or two people who would
report directly to the provincial
education minister.
The instructors' protest began
after BCIT vice president Doug
Svetic announced plans to cut $4
million from next years budget to
conform to the provincial government's recent 12 per cent public sector spending ceiling.
Svetic's proposal included cutting
23 instructors from the english and
business departments, and 17 more
staff in areas such as the library,
counselling and maintenance.
Instructors were asked to forego
their three per cent cost of living increases and a portion of the 12 per
cent wage increase included in their
January agreement with the administration.
According to Yakel, the administration also asked for an extension of the contract without increase, three months past its
December 1982 expiry, and for a
reduction in the number of staff
grievances to reduce costs.
Autonomy vote
continues today,
results by midnight
The current Ubyssey autonomy
referendum is slowly on its way to
reaching the necessary quorum
As of Thursday, 2,585 had voted
in the week long referendum, elections commissioner Scott Ando said
Thursday night.
The Ubyssey is currently seeking
editorial and financial autonomy
from student council. A separate
society comprising all UBC students
would be incorporated to publish
the paper if the referendum passes.
Voting continues today until 4
p.m. in most major buildings.
Results should be known by 11 p.m.
•**T Page 14
Friday, March 26,1982
Tween Classes
Mini Concert, noon, this week Reziltos; Dateline
International, 3 p.m., world affairs with a campus   perspective;   Mini   Concert,   8  p.m.,   The
Clash;  Final Vinyl,  11  p.m.,  Mink  Deville and
Coup de Grace; cable 100 fm.
Bzzr garden for a better world, 8 p.m   to midnight, SUB parry room   Get bombed for peace.
Meeting to plan final dance and elections, noon,
International House, main lounge.
Bzzr garden and film, 3:30 to 8:30 p.m., SUB
207. The film is on the 1978 Commonwealth
Games   There will be music afterward.
Sign-up, for those interested in going to the B.C.
Liberal convention, noon, SUB 226. The convention is from May 28 to 30.
Pat Carney, Vancouver Centre MP, noon, SUB
Prof. Gordon Tener lectures on Transfer RNA,
noon, IRC G41.
Year end dance, 7:30 p.m.. International House.
Members SI.25 and non-members $2.
Happy hour, 4 p.m., Lutheran Campus Centre.
Worship, noon, Lutheran Campus Centre. With
Rev. Roy Schultz.
Mini Concert, noon. Gang of Four; Stage and
Screen, 4:30 p.m., film and theatre review; The
Import Show,  6 to 9:30 p.m.;  Final Vinyl,  11
p.m..   Magazine  and   Second   Hand  Daylight;
cable 100 fm; soon to be 101.9 fm.
Frontier  Daze dance,  8 p.m., 2270 Wesbrook
Mall. For advanced tickets call 224-9866.
Driving school, 9 a.m., Westwood racing circuit.
Instructions on  high  performance driving and
course safety
Spring Regatta, 10 a.m., Jericho Sailing Centre.
There will be a follow to the broken Centre Board
Regatta too.
Sports night, 7:30 p.m., Osborne gym B.
Post  St.  Pat's Day tournament,  9:30 a.m.  to
10:30 p.m., Angus 421.
The event advertised for today in Thursday's
'Tweens was in error. The event is April 4, at
7:30 p.m. at International House.
Continuation of the Post St. Pat's tourney, 9:30
a.m. to 10:30 p.m., Angus 421.
Versus Jericho Old Girls, 10 a.m., Wolfson field.
Round two of the tournament.
Practice, 10 p.m.. Aquatic centre. See a certain
C.B. do his imitation of a grey whale.
Touring ride, 9 a.m., meet south side of SUB.
, a jazz album
|       Hot Flashes       |
Thank Sod
it'* happy hour
It's happy hour.
God knows we need a happy
hour on a Friday. That's why they
came up with the saying, "thank
god it's Friday. They even made a
movie about it. Remember the
Village People. Oh well, they are an
easy musical group to forget.
That's the way 'dis go and that go.'
But don't forget happy hour at
the Lutheran Campus centre today
at 4 p.m.
The happy hour also features a
happy frisbee match for a really,
really happy time. See you there
Greek beef race
Aristotle, Homer, Sophocles,
and a number of other Greeks,
most notably those from Sigma Chi
fraternity are sponsoring a bed race
Saturday at 11 a.m. The beds will
be rolling from the Bus Stop
cafeteria and the race covers (or
blankets) the campus.
But that's not all. At 1 p.m. over
at the house on Agronomy Road,
there will be a barbecue and dance.
Live music. BYOB. Bring your own
bed. Just joking.
Music of Our Time, 8 a.m. to 12 noon; The Folk
Show, 12 noon to 2:30 p m , Mostly Canadian,
mostly traditional; Rabble Without a Pause, 2:30
Io 6 p.m., a lunatic musical view of the world;
Laughing Matters, 3 p.m., a look at the history
and content of recorded comedy; Final Vinyl, 11
p.m., Teardrop Explodes and Wilder; cable 100
Dim sum followed by our patented Bellingham
trip, 10:30 a m , phone 228-4638 for location.
Mini Concert, noon. Squeeze; The Melting Pot,
3 p.m., a feature on research at UBC; Everything
Stops for Tea, 4:30 p.m.; Off Beet, 7 p.m., unusual news; Mini Concert. 8 p.m., The Cramps;
The Jazz Show, 9:30 p.m. to 1
Freema host; Final Vinyl, 11 p.m.,
feature; cable 100 fm.
Planning meeting, noon, SUB 237b.
Mini Concert, noon, The Modernettes; Thunderbird Report, 5 p.m., campus sports; In Sight,
after 6 p.m. news, a focus on campus issues;
Mini Concert, 8 p.m., Chris Spedding; Final
Vinyl, 11 p.m., a new album feature; cable 100
Meeting, noon, Biology 2449.
Punchlines, noon, SUB auditorium.
Literature table, noon, SUB foyer.
Doug Franklin, new executive director of B.C.
Liberal party, noon, SUB 224.
Mini  Concert,   noon,   B-52s;  Weekly  Editorial,
after 6 p.m. news; Mini Concert, Otis Redding, 8
p.m.;  Final Vinyl,  11 p.m., another new album
feature; cable 100 fm.
Canada as a nuclear weapon free zone day, all
day, SUB foyer. A display of official ballot and
The Future, noon, SUB 111.
Weekly meeting, noon, SUB 117.
Video  presentation  on  Solidarity  Day,   1   to 3
p.m.. International House.
Reflections, noon, Hebb 12.
Summer Storage
Cheer up — we will store
everything from a suitcase to
a house full of furniture. At a
low monthly cost, easy 7 day
a week access, rent your own
private locker for as low as
$15.75 monthly.
Two Convenient Locations
To Serve You Downtown!
(Palletized Storage Also Available.)
Downtown U-Lok Storage ltd.
1080 Homer St. (REAR)
864 Cambie St. (REAR)
(24 hours)
Yes, these fidgety little
rascals are terrified when
they see the size of our
monstrous burgers. 15 classic
burgers. And other great
stuff. 2966 \V. 4th Ave. by
Bayswater. Open daily
from 11:30a.m. Opening soon
in Lima, tl 'na mennra
mux CRAXDlii.
We're ready to listen to
your ideas.
Drop by for a complimentary
consultation with one of our
professional hairstylists.
mM ftr\/   OFF our regular prices for students
T II /C\ on Monday through Wednesday only.
■ ^*r (Student I.D. required)
Cuts — Men 115.00 Women 1.22.00
Perms — Men 135.00 Women 140.00 and up
Streaks, color, hennas and conditioners also competitively priced.
2529 Alma St. at Broadway
^Telephone: 224-2332
Mon.-Fri. — 9:00-7:30
Sat. — 9:00-5:00
With each Eurail Pass or
Eurail Youthpass purchased!
For prices and information contact:
** Going Your Way!
UBC, Student Union Building
Vancouver, 604 224-2344
RATES: Campua - 1 HnM. 1 day tt.00; additional Nnaa. Wk.
Commercial - 3 Nnaa, 1 day «Mfc addWonal Hnaa
OBe. Additional day* «3.30 and Me.
Oetemed mds am not eccepted by telephone **d ere payable in
advance. DeedKnek- 10:30 a.m. tt* day tofon publication.
Pubhcatkms Office, Room 241, S.U.B., UBC, Van., B.C. V6T2A6
5 — Coming Events
65 — Scandals
Free Public Lecture
Political Economy
University of Toronto
Prof. Skilling is one of Canada's most eminent
experts on the politics of Eastern Europe.
AT 8:15 P.M.
GET YER YA YAS OUT at Alpha Delta's
annual Frontier Daze Party! Cowpokes and
Natives will listen to R. Merd March 27.
2270 Wesbrook.
FOUR STUDENTS chartering sailboat in
Greece May 4-18 want 1-2 crewpersons to
join us. S300/wk. or less. Phone Rob,
70 — Services
80 — Tutoring
85 — Typing
10 — For Sale — Commercial
COMMUNITY SPORTS: A store full of ski
wear, hockey equipment, sleeping bags,
jogging shoes, soccer boots, racquets of all
kinds, and dozens of other items at very attractive prices. 3615 W. Broadway.
11 — For Sale — Private
MALE (2m) and female (2'/*m) boas. $750
with cage. 734-5362 eves. only.
20 — Housing
WOULD YOU LIKE TO spend your summer overlooking mountains and sea? Would
you like a hot tub? A family of four wants to
exchange living accommodation for summer session 1982. Our house is on Nanoose
Bay, 15 miles north of Nanaimo, near
beaches, parks, marinas, etc. If interested,
please phone us at 468-9840 after 5 p.m.
TO SUBLET - 2 BR in 4 BR house May 1-
Aug. 31. Dunbar area. 224-0165.
SHARED summer accommodation, furnished, 4-bedroom, Kitsilano home. 733-7850.
every Wed., 8:00 p.m. 3510 W. 4th Ave.,
EXPERT TYPING: essays, term papers
factums, letters manuscripts, resumes,
theses. IBM Selectric II. Reasonable rates.
Rose 731-9857.
TYPING: SI per page. Legible copy. Fast,
accurate, experienced typist with IBM
Selectric. Gordon, 873-8032 (after 10 a.m.)
TYPING SERVICE for theses, correspondence, etc. Any field. French also
available. IBM Selectric. Call 736-4042.
Near campus - 266-5053
WORD PROCESSING. We prepare research
papers, term papers, theses, etc. Other
languages available. $1.50 per page. Call
Ellen at 734-7313 or 271-6924.
WORD PROCESSING services. Resumes,
essays, theses. Student discounts.
TYPING ON CAMPUS. Fast and precise,
$8.50 per hr. Phone 224-6604.
Equation   typing   available.    Pickup   and
delivery. Phone Jeeva, 826-5169 (Mission).
TYPING - Special Student Rates. Fitness
& Cameron Public Stenographers, 5670
Yew Street, Phone 226-6814.
RESUMES, ESSAYS. THESES. Fast, professional typing. Phone Lisa, 873-2823 or
732-9902 and request our student rate.
35 — Lost
90 - Wanted
butterfly charm. Lost Tues. at SUB. Please
phone 266-6388.
50 — Rentals
in downtown Montreal. Near McGill, Concordia. To sublet May 1st. Terms open.
Telephone 514-934-1709.
WANTED: Information about "Killer" for
article on student games. Send names, addresses, phone numbers to: Gregg
Chamberlain, General Delivery, Burns Lake,
B.C. V0J 1E0. Confidentiality guaranteed.
preferably in Kitsilano, renting or subletting from May 1-Aug. 30. Phone
685-0971. Friday, March 26,1982
Page 15
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function electronic remote control, black
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eleCtrotune push button channel selection,
direct access tuning, and a 3 year parts and
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Model No. MCT 2065
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Now, with Toshiba's new Beta format V.C.R. you get high performance
features and easy to use front loading. Make your own video recordings,
or watch pre-recorded tapes through any television. Feather touch controls
operate function like BetaScan
picture search, freeze frame, frame
by frame advance, and slow motion. All this and more at a special
Millers Price.
With the purchase
of this Toshiba Video
Recorder, Millers
includes free use of
prerecorded movies
for a full year from
our "Preview Club"
lending library.
master (Migf
VANCOUVER 1123 Davie. 683-1326. Robson Galleria 687-3920; 782 Granville. 685-5381. Harbour Centre 685-7267: 855 W Broadway, 872-8137; RICHMOND 5851 #3 Road, 270-8691,
COCLUITLAM CINTRE 464-6711; NEW WESTMINSTER 626 Columbia, 526-7022; SURREY/
LANOLET Valley West 533-1819
JPaS Page 16
Friday, March 26,1982
Trade up and improve your present sound system with these quality stereo components


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